Chevrolet VENTURE 2001 Owner`s manual

Chevrolet VENTURE 2001 Owner`s manual
2001 Chevrolet Venture
Owner's Manual
Litho in U.S.A.
Part Number 10423824 A First Edition
© Copyright General Motors Corporation 2000
All Rights Reserved
i
Table of Contents
Seats and Restraint Systems
Section 1
Seats and Seat Controls
Safety Belts
Air Bag Systems
Restraint Systems for Children
Features and Controls
Section 2
ii
Windows
Keys and Door Locks
Remote Keyless Entry System (Option)
Automatic Transaxle
Parking Brake
Tilt Wheel
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Windshield Wipers
Cruise Control (Option)
Exterior and Interior Lamps
Mirrors
Storage Compartments
Convenience Net (Option)
Accessory Power Outlets
OnStar® System (If Equipped)
HomeLink® Transmitter (Option)
Instrument Panel, Warning Lights and Gages
Driver Information Center (Option)
Rear Parking Assist (Option)
Table of Contents (cont'd)
Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
Section 3
Heating and Air Conditioning
Setting the Radio Clock
Radio/Cassette Player/CD Player
Radio Theft-Deterrent Feature
Your Driving and the Road
Section 4
Defensive Driving
Drunken Driving
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
Steering
Driving Tips for Various Road Conditions
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Loading Your Vehicle
Towing a Trailer
Problems on the Road
Section 5
Hazard Warning Flashers
Jump Starting
Towing Your Vehicle
Engine Overheating
Changing a Flat Tire
If You're Stuck
iii
Table of Contents (cont'd)
Service and Appearance Care
Section 6
Fuel
Checking Fluids and Lubricants
GM Oil Life System™
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Passenger Compartment Air Filter
Brakes
Bulb Replacement
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
Tires and Wheels
Appearance Care
Electrical System/Fuses and Circuit Breakers
Capacities and Specifications
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
Maintenance Schedule
Section 7
iv
Scheduled Maintenance
Owner Checks and Services
Periodic Maintenance Inspections
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
Maintenance Records
Table of Contents (cont'd)
Customer Assistance Information
Section 8
Customer Satisfaction Procedures
Customer Assistance Offices
Roadside Assistance and Courtesy Transportation
Warranty Information
Reporting Safety Defects on page 8-10
Service Publications
Index
Section 9
In the Index you will find an alphabetical listing of almost every subject in this manual.
You can use it to quickly find something you want to read.
Please refer to the last page of this manual for your Service Station Guide
v
We support voluntary
technician certification.
GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem,
CHEVROLET, the CHEVROLET Emblem and the
name VENTURE are registered trademarks of
General Motors Corporation.
This manual includes the latest information at the time
it was printed. We reserve the right to make changes
after that time without further notice. For vehicles first
sold in Canada, substitute the name “General Motors of
Canada Limited” for Chevrolet Motor Division
whenever it appears in this manual.
Please keep this manual in your vehicle, so it will be
there if you ever need it when you’re on the road.
If you sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in it so
the new owner can use it.
For Canadian Owners Who Prefer a
French Language Manual:
Aux propriétaires canadiens: Vous pouvez vous
procurer un exemplaire de ce guide en français chez
votre concessionaire ou au:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
vi
How to Use this Manual
Many people read their owner’s manual from beginning
to end when they first receive their new vehicle. If you
do this, it will help you learn about the features and
controls for your vehicle. In this manual, you’ll find
that pictures and words work together to explain
things quickly.
CAUTION:
These mean there is something that could hurt
you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is.
Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce the
hazard. Please read these cautions. If you don’t, you or
others could be hurt.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book.
We use a box and the word CAUTION to tell you
about things that could hurt you if you were to ignore
the warning.
You will also find a circle
with a slash through it in
this book. This safety
symbol means “Don’t,”
“Don’t do this” or “Don’t
let this happen.”
vii
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Also, in this book you will find these notices:
NOTICE:
These mean there is something that could
damage your vehicle.
In the notice area, we tell you about something that
can damage your vehicle. Many times, this damage
would not be covered by your warranty, and it could
be costly. But the notice will tell you what to do to help
avoid the damage.
When you read other manuals, you might see
CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in different colors
or in different words.
You’ll also see warning labels on your vehicle. They use
the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
viii
Vehicle Symbols
These are some of the symbols you may find on your vehicle. Also see “Warning Lights and Gages” in the Index.
For example,
these symbols
are used on an
original battery:
CAUTION
POSSIBLE
INJURY
PROTECT
EYES BY
SHIELDING
CAUSTIC
BATTERY
ACID COULD
CAUSE
BURNS
AVOID
SPARKS OR
FLAMES
SPARK OR
FLAME
COULD
EXPLODE
BATTERY
These symbols
are important for
you and your
passengers
whenever your
vehicle is driven:
CHILD
RESTRAINT
TOP STRAP
ANCHOR
DOOR LOCK
UNLOCK
These symbols
have to do with
your lamps:
These symbols
are on some of
your controls:
MASTER
LIGHTING
SWITCH
WINDSHIELD
WIPER
TURN
SIGNALS
WINDSHIELD
WASHER
PARKING
LAMPS
FASTEN
SEAT
BELTS
HAZARD
WARNING
FLASHER
POWER
WINDOW
DAYTIME
RUNNING
LAMPS
AIR BAG
FOG LAMPS
WINDSHIELD
DEFROSTER
REAR
WINDOW
DEFOGGER
These symbols
are used on
warning and
indicator lights:
Here are some
other symbols
you may see:
ENGINE
COOLANT
TEMP
FUSE
BATTERY
CHARGING
SYSTEM
LIGHTER
HORN
BRAKE
COOLANT
FUEL
ENGINE OIL
PRESSURE
VENTILATING
FAN
ANTI-LOCK
BRAKES
ix
Service Station Guide
Battery
For
a More
Detailed Look at
What's Under the Hood
See Section 6
Windshield Washer
Fluid
Tire Pressure
See Section 6
See Section 6
Spare Tire Pressure
See Section 6
See Section 5
Engine Oil Dipstick
See Section 6
Oil Viscosity
Engine Oil
See Section 6
Secondary
Hood Release
Cooling System
See Section 6
See Section 5
Hood Release
See Section 6
Fuel
Use unleaded only.
See Section 6
for octane ratings.
Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems
Here you’ll find information about the seats in your vehicle and how to use your safety belts properly. You can also
learn about some things you should not do with air bags and safety belts.
1-2
1-6
1-27
1-31
1-32
1-32
1-41
1-42
1-43
1-50
1-50
Seats and Seat Controls
Rear Seats
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
Here Are Questions Many People Ask
About Safety Belts -- and the Answers
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Driver Position
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Right Front Passenger Position
Air Bag Systems
Safety Belt Pretensioners
Rear Seat Passengers
1-55
1-57
1-59
1-60
1-64
1-75
1-97
1-100
1-100
1-101
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for
Children and Small Adults
Center Passenger Position (Bench Seat)
Center Passenger Position (Bucket Seat)
Children
Built-in Child Restraint (Option)
Restraint Systems for Children
Older Children
Safety Belt Extender
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Replacing Restraint System Parts After
a Crash
1-
1-1
Seats and Seat Controls
This section tells you about the seats -- how to
adjust them, take them out, put them back in, fold
and unfold them.
Driver’s 2-Way Manual Seat
Use the lever located on the
front left side of the seat to
adjust the seat forward or
rearward. Pull up the lever
to unlock the seat. Slide the
seat to where you want it
and release the lever.
Driver’s 4-Way Manual Seat (If Equipped)
Use the lever located on the
front left side of the seat to
adjust the seat forward or
rearward. Pull up the lever
to unlock the seat. Slide the
seat to where you want it
and release the lever.
To make sure the seat is locked into place, try to move
the seat back and forth with your body.
To make sure the seat is locked into place, try to move
the seat back and forth with your body.
1-2
To raise the seat, pull up
on the lever located on the
front right side of the seat.
To lower the seat, push the
lever down. Adjust the seat
and release the lever.
CAUTION:
Manual Front Passenger Seats
To move the seat, pull up
the lever located on the
front of the seat to unlock it.
Slide the seat to where you want it and release the lever.
To make sure the seat is locked into place, try to move
the seat back and forth with your body.
You can lose control of the vehicle if you try to
adjust a manual driver’s seat while the vehicle is
moving. The sudden movement could startle and
confuse you, or make you push a pedal when you
don’t want to. Adjust the driver’s seat only when
the vehicle is not moving.
1-3
6-Way Power Seat (Option)
The six-way power seat
controls are located on
the outboard side of the
driver’s seat.
Reclining Front Seatbacks
All front seats recline.
D Move the front of the control in the direction of the
arrows to adjust the front portion of the cushion up
or down.
D Move the rear of the control in the direction of the
arrows to adjust the rear portion of the cushion up
or down.
D Lift up or push down on both outer arrows at the
same time to move the entire seat up or down.
D To move the whole seat forward or rearward, slide
the control in the direction of the center arrows.
1-4
To adjust the seatback, pull up on the lever located on
the outboard sides of both the driver’s and the front
passenger’s seats. It is easier to recline the seat if you
lean forward, taking your weight off the seatback.
CAUTION:
But don’t have a seatback reclined if your vehicle
is moving.
Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle
is in motion can be dangerous. Even if you buckle
up, your safety belts can’t do their job when
you’re reclined like this.
The shoulder belt can’t do its job because it
won’t be against your body. Instead, it will be
in front of you. In a crash you could go into it,
receiving neck or other injuries.
The lap belt can’t do its job either. In a crash the
belt could go up over your abdomen. The belt
forces would be there, not at your pelvic bones.
This could cause serious internal injuries.
For proper protection when the vehicle is in
motion, have the seatback upright. Then sit
well back in the seat and wear your safety
belt properly.
1-5
Head Restraints
Rear Seats
Seat Controls
The rear seats in your vehicle have levers and straps
used to adjust, remove and reinstall the seats. By using
the levers and straps, in the correct order, you can easily
remove the seats from your vehicle.
Head restraints are fixed on some models and adjustable
on others. Slide an adjustable head restraint up or down
so that the top of the restraint is closest to the top of
your ears. This position reduces the chance of a neck
injury in a crash.
Floor Seat Pin Diagram
1-6
When you put the seats back in the vehicle, be sure
to follow the label on the back of the seat for proper
location. Follow the previous diagram when the text in
this manual tells you what sets of floor cups to use for
each seat.
Second Row Safety Belt Stowage
If your vehicle has a split bench seat in the second row,
use the clip on the safety belt to secure the belt after it is
disconnected from the mini-buckle. When removing the
second row split bench seat, secure the loose end of the
safety belt in this clip. This will keep the safety belt
from dangling and possibly striking something.
Do not have the second row outside safety belt stored if
someone is sitting in the second row outside position.
Flip and Fold Feature
The rear seats in your vehicle, except the captain’s chairs,
can be folded forward. Use this feature for exiting and
entering third row seats.
1. If the seats have the adjustable head restraints,
push them fully down.
2. Fold the seatback flat on the seat, by either pulling
on the nylon strap on the rear of the seat or lifting
up on the lever located on the front of the seatback.
If the seat adjusts forward, slide it all the way back.
3. Release the rear set of hooks from the floor pins by
pulling the nylon strap located at the base of the seat;
hang on to the strap as the seat folds forward.
To return the seat(s) to their normal position,
do the following:
1. Push the seat back and firmly push the rear hooks
onto the rear floor pins by pushing down on the rear
of the seat.
2. Try to raise the seat to check that it is locked down.
3. Lift the seatback recliner lever or pull the nylon strap
on the back of the seat and raise the seatback until it
locks upright.
4. Push and pull on the seatback to check that it
is locked.
1-7
Split Bench Seats
If you have the split bench seat (50/50 or 40/60), the
seatbacks can be folded down individually and the
sections can be removed individually. The 40/60 sections
can also be adjusted forward or rearward individually.
To raise a seatback, pull the nylon strap while raising the
seatback until it locks upright.
To fold down the seatback,
lift up on this lever located
on the front of the seatback.
The second row (40/60) split bench may be equipped
with a built-in child restraint. See “Built-In Child
Restraint” in the Index.
Folding or Reclining the Seatbacks
The seatbacks on each section of the split bench seat
can be either folded down or reclined. The following
explains how to use either the nylon strap or the lever
to fold or recline the seatbacks.
To fold down the seatback,
pull this nylon strap on the
rear of the seat, while
pulling the seatback down
until it locks into place.
1-8
Use the lever to raise or lower the seatback to the
desired position.
When raising a seatback to an upright position, push and
pull on the seatback to check that it is locked upright.
Adjusting the Split Bench Seats
There are two adjustment levers on each section of the
split bench seats to adjust the seat forward or rearward.
The other lever is located
on the rear of the seat.
Lift up either lever and slide the seat forward or
rearward. Release the lever. Push and pull on the
seat to make sure it is locked into place.
One is located below the center, in the front of each
section of the split bench.
1-9
Removing the Split Bench Seat
Make sure the seatback is in the upright position.
1. For the second row split bench, with the seatback in
the upright position, unhook the side attachment for
the safety belt. This mini-buckle is located on the
right side of the seat.
2. Push the red center
of the buckle up
with a small pointed
object -- like a key
or a pen -- to remove
the seat belt, if needed.
5. From behind the bench seat, pull the nylon strap at
the center of the base of the seat to release the rear
latches from the floor pins.
3. Lift the seatback recliner lever or pull the nylon strap
on the back of the seat to fold the seatback forward.
4. Slide the seat all the way back by lifting one of the
adjustment levers and sliding the seat fully rearward.
1-10
Do not let go of the strap until the seat is folded all
the way forward.
Don’t put the sections of the bench seat in so they face
rearward because they won’t latch that way. If you want
more storage room behind the seat, adjust each section
by sliding it forward.
The split benches have seat position labels, located on
the back of each seat, showing where the seat must go.
Follow that diagram.
D The left (40) section of the 40/60 split bench uses
the A and B sets of floor cups.
D The right (60) section of the 40/60 split bench
uses the C and D sets of floor cups.
D The left section of the 50/50 split bench uses
the G and H sets of floor cups.
6. To unlatch the front latches, squeeze the angled bar
toward the straight crossbar.
7. Remove the seat by rocking it slightly forward, then
toward the rear of the vehicle and then pulling it out.
Repeat these steps for the other section of the split
bench seat.
D The right section of the 50/50 split bench uses
the I and J sets of floor cups.
See “Rear Seats” in the beginning of this section for
more details. The seat must be placed in the proper
location for the legs to attach correctly.
Replacing the Split Bench Sections
Make sure the seatback is in the upright position and the
safety belts are on the correct section of the seat.
1-11
Make sure the seat is in the full rear position before
beginning this procedure.
2. Make sure the
bench seat is
angled so that the
front hooks clear
the floor pins.
If the front legs are not attached correctly, the rear
legs will not attach to the rear set of floor pins.
1. Squeeze the angled bar toward the solid crossbar
while placing the front hooks of the bench seat onto
the front two floor pins.
1-12
CAUTION:
A seat that isn’t locked into place properly can
move around in a collision or sudden stop. People
in the vehicle could be injured. Be sure to lock
the seat into place properly when installing it.
5. Lift the seatback recliner lever or pull the nylon strap
on the back of the seat and raise the seatback until it
locks upright.
If the front latches are not attaching correctly, check
that the seat is in the full rear position.
3. Firmly push the rear hooks onto the rear floor pins
by pushing down on the rear of the seat.
4. Try to raise the seat to check that it is locked down.
6. Push and pull on the seatback to check that it
is locked.
CAUTION:
If the seatback isn’t locked, it could move
forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could
cause injury to the person sitting there. Always
press rearward on the seatback to be sure it
is locked.
1-13
7. If you have the 40/60 seat, attach the mini-buckle so
that the safety belt is ready for use when a passenger
uses the seat.
The buckle reattaches by pushing the latch into the
buckle until the red center pops out again.
Repeat these steps for the other section of the split
bench seat.
CAUTION:
A safety belt that is improperly routed, not
properly attached, or twisted won’t provide
the protection needed in a crash. The person
wearing the belt could be seriously injured.
After installing the seat, always check to be sure
that the safety belts are properly routed and
attached, and are not twisted.
Bucket Seats
If you have the rear bucket seats, the seatbacks can be
folded down or reclined. The seats can also be adjusted
forward or rearward and removed.
Folding or Reclining the Seatbacks
The seatback on a bucket seat can be either folded down
or reclined. The following explains how to use either the
nylon strap or the lever to fold or recline the seatback.
To fold down the seatback,
pull this nylon strap on
the rear of the seat.
To raise a seatback, pull the nylon strap while raising the
seatback until it locks upright.
1-14
To fold down the seatback,
lift up on this lever located
on the front of the seatback.
Adjusting the Bucket Seats
There are two adjustment levers on each seat to adjust
the seat forward or rearward.
Use the lever to raise or lower the seatback to the
desired position.
When raising a seatback to an upright position,
push and pull on the seatback to make sure that
it is locked upright.
One is located below the center, in front of the
bucket seats.
1-15
The other lever is located on
the rear of the bucket seat.
Removing the Bucket Seats
Make sure the seatback is in the upright position.
The head restraints should be fully down.
1. Lift the seatback recliner lever or pull the nylon strap
on the back of the seat to fold the seatback forward.
2. Slide the seat all the way back by lifting either one of
the adjuster levers and sliding the seat fully rearward.
Lift up either lever and slide the seat forward
or rearward.
Release the lever. Push and pull on the seat to make
sure that it is locked into place.
3. From behind the seat, pull the nylon strap, located at
the base of the seat, to release the rear latches from
the floor pins.
1-16
You can also lift the lever on the side of the seat to
release the rear latches from the floor pins.
Do not let go of the strap or the lever until the seat
is folded all the way forward.
4. To unlatch the front latches, with the seat folded
forward, squeeze the angled bar toward the
straight crossbar.
5. Remove the seat by rocking it slightly forward, then
toward the rear of the vehicle and then pulling it out.
This should be done in one motion.
1-17
Replacing the Bucket Seats
Don’t put the seats in so they face rearward because they
won’t latch that way. If you want more storage room
behind the seat, adjust the seat by sliding it forward.
The bucket seats have seat position labels, located on
the back of the seat, showing where the seat must go.
Follow that diagram. The seat must be placed in the
proper location for the legs to attach correctly. See “Rear
Seats” in the beginning of this section for more details.
1. With the seat folded, squeeze the angled bar toward
the solid crossbar while placing the front hooks of
the bucket seat onto the front two floor pins.
2. Make sure the
bucket seat is
angled so that the
front hooks clear
the floor pins.
The left bucket seat goes in the A and B sets of
floor pins.
The center bucket seat goes in the C and D sets of
floor pins.
The right bucket seat goes in the E and F sets of
floor pins.
Make sure the seat is in the full rear position before
beginning this procedure.
1-18
If the front legs are not attached correctly, the rear
legs will not attach to the rear set of floor pins.
CAUTION:
A seat that isn’t locked into place properly can
move around in a collision or sudden stop. People
in the vehicle could be injured. Be sure to lock
the seat into place properly when installing it.
4. Try to raise the seat to check that it is locked down.
5. Lift the seatback recliner lever or pull the nylon strap
on the back of the seat and raise the seatback until it
locks upright.
If the front latches are not attaching correctly, check
that the seat is in the full rear position.
3. Firmly push the rear hooks onto the rear floor pins
by pushing down the rear of the seat.
6. Push and pull on the seatback to make sure that it is
locked in place.
CAUTION:
If the seatback isn’t locked, it could move
forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could
cause injury to the person sitting there. Always
press rearward on the seatback to be sure it
is locked.
1-19
Captain’s Chairs
If your vehicle has the captain’s chairs, the seatbacks
can be folded forward or reclined and the seats can
be removed.
It is easier to raise or lower the seatback if you lean
forward, taking the weight off the seatback.
The armrests can be lowered or raised for entering or
exiting the vehicle.
The seatbacks on the captain’s chairs also fold forward
to put items behind the left and right seats.
Lift up on the recliner lever and fold the seatback
forward. The seatback will lock into place when you
push it back to the upright position.
CAUTION:
If the seatback isn’t locked, it could move
forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could
cause injury to the person sitting there. Always
press rearward on the seatback to be sure it
is locked.
To recline the seatback, lift up on the recliner lever
located on the outboard side of the seat. Use the recliner
lever to move the seatback to the desired position.
1-20
Adjusting the Captain’s Chairs (Second Row)
Removing the Captain’s Chairs
The second row captain’s chairs can be adjusted forward
or rearward.
There are two adjustment levers on each seat. One is
located below the center, in front of the seat. The other
is located across the rear of the seat.
Lift up either lever to slide the seat forward or rearward.
Release the lever. Push and pull on the seat to make sure
it is locked into place.
1. Pull the nylon strap behind the chair to release the
rear hooks from the floor pins.
1-21
Replacing the Captain’s Chairs
The captain’s chairs have seat position labels, located on
the back of the seat, showing where the seat must go.
Follow that diagram. The seat must be placed in the
proper location for the legs to attach correctly. See “Rear
Seats” in the beginning of this section for more details.
The left chair goes in the A and C sets of floor pins.
The right chair goes in the D and F sets of floor pins.
2. The seat can then be lifted off the front floor pins
and removed from the vehicle.
1. Hook the front latches over the front floor pins.
1-22
CAUTION:
A seat that isn’t locked into place properly can
move around in a collision or sudden stop. People
in the vehicle could be injured. Be sure to lock
the seat into place properly when installing it.
CAUTION:
2. Push the rear of the seat down to lock the rear
latches onto the rear set of floor pins.
3. Push and pull on the seat to be sure it is
properly attached.
If the seatback isn’t locked, it could move
forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could
cause injury to the person sitting there. Always
press rearward on the seatback to be sure it
is locked.
1-23
To raise the seatback, do one of the following:
Stowable Seat
The optional stowable seat is a full bench seat and
comes with the convenience center. See “Convenience
Center” in the Index for more information. The stowable
seat can be removed and replaced, or with the seatback
folded, it can lie flush with the convenience center.
D From the rear of the vehicle, pull up on the lever to
release the seatback, then pull the strap, located on
the right side of the seat, to pull the seatback up.
The seatback has a velcro patch to stow the strap
on the rear of the seat when not in use, or
D from the passenger’s side sliding door, pull up on
Folding the Seatback
To fold down the seatback,
pull up on the lever on the
back of the seat and push
the seatback down until
it is locked into place.
the lever to release the seatback, then push up on the
seatback to raise the seat.
Push and pull on the seatback to make sure that it is
locked into the upright position.
CAUTION:
If the seatback isn’t locked, it could move
forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could
cause injury to the person sitting there. Always
press rearward on the seatback to be sure it
is locked.
Push and pull on the seatback to make sure that it is
locked into place.
1-24
Removing the Stowable Seat
1. Remove the convenience center, if it is in the
vehicle. See “Convenience Center” in the Index for
more information.
2. Make sure all items are off of the stowable seat.
3. If the seatback is down, put the seatback in its upright
position. See “Folding the Seatback” previously.
4. From behind the bench seat, push up the release
handles at the base of the seat to release the latches
from the floor pins.
5. While holding onto the crossbar at the bottom
of the seat, remove the seat by rocking it slightly
toward the rear of the vehicle and then pulling it out.
This should be done in one motion.
NOTICE:
Do not use the release handles to pull the seat out.
The handles could break during removal. This
will not be covered by your warranty. Use the
crossbar at the bottom of the seat when pulling
the seat out.
1-25
Replacing the Stowable Seat
Do not put the stowable seat in so it faces rearward
because it will not latch that way. The stowable seat has
to go in before the convenience center. See “Convenience
Center” in the Index for more information.
The stowable seat has seat position labels, located on
the back of the seat, showing where the seat must go.
Follow the floor pin diagram. Use the front floor pins
of the floor cups and the rear floor cups in the third row.
Use G, H, I, and J sets of floor cups.
See “Rear Seats” in the beginning of this section for
more information. The seat must be placed in the proper
location for the legs to attach correctly.
Make sure the seat is in its upright position before
beginning this procedure.
1. Place the front hooks of the seat onto the front floor
pins in the third row. To do this, the seat will need to
be angled so the front hooks clear the floor pins.
If the front legs are not attached correctly, the rear
legs will not attach to the rear set of floor pins.
2. Firmly push the rear hooks into the rear floor pins
by pushing down on the rear of the seat.
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3. Try to raise the seat to make sure that it is
locked down.
4. Push and pull on the seatback to make sure that
it is locked into place.
CAUTION:
A seat that isn’t locked into place properly can
move around in a collision or sudden stop. People
in the vehicle could be injured. Be sure to lock
the seat into place properly when installing it.
CAUTION:
If the seatback isn’t locked, it could move
forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could
cause injury to the person sitting there. Always
press rearward on the seatback to be sure it
is locked.
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety belts
properly. It also tells you some things you should not do
with safety belts.
And it explains the air bag system.
CAUTION:
Don’t let anyone ride where he or she can’t wear
a safety belt properly. If you are in a crash and
you’re not wearing a safety belt, your injuries
can be much worse. You can hit things inside the
vehicle or be ejected from it. You can be seriously
injured or killed. In the same crash, you might
not be if you are buckled up. Always fasten your
safety belt, and check that your passengers’ belts
are fastened properly too.
CAUTION:
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo
area, inside or outside of a vehicle. In a collision,
people riding in these areas are more likely to be
seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people
to ride in any area of your vehicle that is not
equipped with seats and safety belts. Be sure
everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using
a safety belt properly.
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Your vehicle has a light
that comes on as a reminder
to buckle up. See “Safety
Belt Reminder Light” in
the Index.
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as
it goes.
In most states and Canadian provinces, the law says to
wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work.
You never know if you’ll be in a crash. If you do have
a crash, you don’t know if it will be a bad one.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so
serious that even buckled up a person wouldn’t survive.
But most crashes are in between. In many of them,
people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk
away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt
or killed.
After more than 30 years of safety belts in vehicles,
the facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does
matter ... a lot!
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it’s just a seat
on wheels.
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Put someone on it.
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
doesn’t stop.
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The person keeps going until stopped by something.
In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield ...
1-30
or the instrument panel ...
Here Are Questions Many People Ask
About Safety Belts -- and the Answers
Q: Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I’m wearing a safety belt?
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does.
You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take the forces. That’s why
safety belts make such good sense.
A:
You could be -- whether you’re wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you’re upside down. And your chance of
being conscious during and after an accident, so
you can unbuckle and get out, is much greater
if you are belted.
Q:
If my vehicle has air bags, why should I have
to wear safety belts?
A:
Air bags are in many vehicles today and will
be in most of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety belts -- not instead of them. Every air bag
system ever offered for sale has required the use of
safety belts. Even if you’re in a vehicle that has air
bags, you still have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That’s true not only in frontal collisions,
but especially in side and other collisions.
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Q:
If I’m a good driver, and I never drive far from
home, why should I wear safety belts?
A:
You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an
accident -- even one that isn’t your fault -- you
and your passengers can be hurt. Being a good
driver doesn’t protect you from things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km)
of home. And the greatest number of serious
injuries and deaths occur at speeds of less than
40 mph (65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Adults
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know about
safety belts and children. And there are different rules
for smaller children and babies. If a child will be riding
in your vehicle, see the part of this manual called
“Children.” Follow those rules for everyone’s protection.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
Driver Position
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to wear
it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat so you can sit up straight.
To see how, see “Seats” in the Index.
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4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt isn’t long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt across
you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt go back
slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt across you
more slowly.
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5. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder belt.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less
likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it,
the belt would apply force at your abdomen. This could
cause serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt
should go over the shoulder and across the chest.
These parts of the body are best able to take belt
restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
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Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster
Before you begin to drive, move the shoulder belt
adjuster to the height that is right for you.
To move it down, push down on the button and move
the height adjuster to the desired position. You can move
the adjuster up just by pushing up on the shoulder belt
guide. After you move the adjuster to where you want it,
try to move it down without pushing the button down to
make sure it has locked into position.
Adjust the height so that the shoulder portion of the
belt is centered on your shoulder. The belt should be
away from your face and neck, but not falling off
your shoulder.
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Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt should fit against your body.
A:
The shoulder belt is too loose. It won’t give nearly
as much protection this way.
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Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is
buckled in the wrong place like this. In a crash,
the belt would go up over your abdomen. The
belt forces would be there, not at the pelvic
bones. This could cause serious internal injuries.
Always buckle your belt into the buckle
nearest you.
A:
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
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Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt goes
over an armrest like this. The belt would be
much too high. In a crash, you can slide under
the belt. The belt force would then be applied at
the abdomen, not at the pelvic bones, and that
could cause serious or fatal injuries. Be sure the
belt goes under the armrests.
A:
The belt is over an armrest.
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Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash, your
body would move too far forward, which would
increase the chance of head and neck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to the
ribs, which aren’t as strong as shoulder bones.
You could also severely injure internal organs
like your liver or spleen.
A:
The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
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Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured by a twisted belt.
In a crash, you wouldn’t have the full width
of the belt to spread impact forces. If a belt is
twisted, make it straight so it can work properly,
or ask your dealer to fix it.
A:
The belt is twisted across the body.
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Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to
be seriously injured if they don’t wear safety belts.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of the
way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage both
the belt and your vehicle.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt, and
the lap portion should be worn as low as possible, below
the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.
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The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it’s more
likely that the fetus won’t be hurt in a crash. For
pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
To learn how to wear the right front passenger’s safety
belt properly, see “Driver Position” earlier in this section.
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt -- except for two things.
If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, tilt the latch
plate and keep pulling until you can buckle the belt.
On some vehicles, if you pull the shoulder portion of the
belt out all the way, you will engage the child restraint
locking feature. If this happens, just let the belt go back
all the way and start again.
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Air Bag Systems
This part explains the frontal and side impact air
bag systems.
Your vehicle has four air bags -- a frontal air bag
for the driver, another frontal air bag for the right front
passenger, a side impact air bag for the driver, and
another side impact air bag for the right front passenger.
Frontal air bags are designed to help reduce the risk
of injury from the force of an inflating frontal air bag.
But these air bags must inflate very quickly to do their
job and comply with federal regulations.
Here are the most important things to know about the
air bag systems:
CAUTION:
You can be severely injured or killed in a crash if
you aren’t wearing your safety belt -- even if you
have air bags. Wearing your safety belt during a
crash helps reduce your chance of hitting things
inside the vehicle or being ejected from it.
CAUTION: (Continued)
CAUTION: (Continued)
Air bags are “supplemental restraints” to the
safety belts. All air bags are designed to work
with safety belts but don’t replace them.
Frontal air bags for the driver and right front
passenger are designed to work only in moderate
to severe crashes where the front of your vehicle
hits something. They aren’t designed to inflate
at all in rollover, rear, side or low-speed frontal
crashes. And, for unrestrained occupants, frontal
air bags may provide less protection in frontal
crashes than more forceful air bags have
provided in the past. The side impact air bags
for the driver and right front passenger are
designed to inflate only in moderate to severe
crashes where something hits the side of
your vehicle. They aren’t designed to inflate
in frontal, in rollover or in rear crashes.
Everyone in your vehicle should wear a safety
belt properly -- whether or not there’s an air
bag for that person.
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CAUTION:
Both frontal and side impact air bags inflate
with great force, faster than the blink of an eye.
If you’re too close to an inflating air bag, as you
would be if you were leaning forward, it could
seriously injure you. Safety belts help keep you
in position for air bag inflation before and during
a crash. Always wear your safety belt, even with
frontal air bags. The driver should sit as far back
as possible while still maintaining control of the
vehicle. Front occupants should not lean on or
sleep against the door.
CAUTION:
Anyone who is up against, or very close to, any
air bag when it inflates can be seriously injured
or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder belts offer
the best protection for adults, but not for young
children and infants. Neither the vehicle’s safety
belt system nor its air bag system is designed
for them. Young children and infants need the
protection that a child restraint system can
provide. Always secure children properly in your
vehicle. To read how, see the part of this manual
called “Children.”
There is an air bag readiness
light on the instrument
panel, which shows the
air bag symbol.
The system checks the air bag electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See “Air Bag Readiness Light” in the Index
for more information.
1-44
How the Air Bag Systems Work
Where are the air bags?
The right front passenger’s frontal air bag is in the
instrument panel on the passenger’s side.
The driver’s frontal air bag is in the middle of the
steering wheel.
The driver’s side impact air bag is in the side of the
driver’s seatback closest to the door.
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CAUTION:
If something is between an occupant and an
air bag, the bag might not inflate properly
or it might force the object into that person.
The path of an inflating air bag must be kept
clear. Don’t put anything between an occupant
and an air bag, and don’t attach or put anything
on the steering wheel hub or on or near any other
air bag covering and don’t let seat covers block
the inflation path of a side impact air bag.
The right front passenger’s side impact air bag is in the
side of the passenger’s seatback closest to the door.
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When should an air bag inflate?
The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal air bags
are designed to inflate in moderate to severe frontal or
near-frontal crashes. But they are designed to inflate
only if the impact speed is above the system’s designed
“threshold level.”
If your vehicle goes straight into a wall that doesn’t move
or deform, the threshold level is about 12 to 19 mph
(19 to 31 km/h). The threshold level can vary, however,
with specific vehicle design, so that it can be somewhat
above or below this range.
If your vehicle strikes something that will move or
deform, such as a parked car, the threshold level will
be higher. The driver’s and right front passenger’s
frontal air bags are not designed to inflate in rollovers,
side impacts, or rear impacts, because inflation would
not help the occupant.
In any particular crash, no one can say whether an air
bag should have inflated simply because of the damage
to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs were.
For frontal air bags, inflation is determined by the angle
of the impact and how quickly the vehicle slows down
in frontal and near-frontal impacts. For side impact
air bags, inflation is determined by the location and
severity of the impact.
What makes an air bag inflate?
In an impact of sufficient severity, the air bag sensing
system detects that the vehicle is in a crash. For both
frontal and side impact air bags, the sensing system
triggers a release of gas from the inflator, which inflates
the air bag. The inflator, air bag and related hardware
are all part of the air bag modules inside the steering
wheel, instrument panel and the side of the front
seatbacks closest to the door.
The side impact air bags are designed to inflate in
moderate to severe side crashes. A side impact air bag
will inflate if the crash severity is above the system’s
designed “threshold level.” The threshold level can
vary with specific vehicle design. Side impact air bags
are not designed to inflate in frontal or near-frontal
impacts, rollovers or rear impacts, because inflation
would not help the occupant. A side impact air bag
will only deploy on the side of the vehicle that is struck.
1-47
How does an air bag restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal or near frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel or
the instrument panel. In moderate to severe side
collisions, even belted occupants can contact the inside
of the vehicle. The air bag supplements the protection
provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute the force of
the impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper body,
stopping the occupant more gradually. But the frontal air
bags would not help you in many types of collisions,
including rollovers, rear impacts, and side impacts,
primarily because an occupant’s motion is not toward
the air bag. Side impact air bags would not help you in
many types of collisions, including frontal or near
frontal collisions, rollovers, and rear impacts, primarily
because an occupant’s motion is not toward those air
bags. Air bags should never be regarded as anything
more than a supplement to safety belts, and then only in
moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions for
the driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal air bags,
and only in moderate to severe side collisions for the
driver’s and right front passenger’s side impact air bags.
1-48
What will you see after an air bag inflates?
After an air bag inflates, it quickly deflates, so quickly
that some people may not even realize the air bag
inflated. Some components of the air bag module -- the
steering wheel hub for the driver’s air bag, the instrument
panel for the right front passenger’s bag, the side of the
seatback closest to the door for the driver and right front
passenger’s side impact air bags -- will be hot for a short
time. The parts of the bag that come into contact with
you may be warm, but not too hot to touch. There will
be some smoke and dust coming from the vents in the
deflated air bags. Air bag inflation doesn’t prevent the
driver from seeing or being able to steer the vehicle,
nor does it stop people from leaving the vehicle.
CAUTION:
When an air bag inflates, there is dust in the air.
This dust could cause breathing problems for
people with a history of asthma or other
breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in the
vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe to do so.
If you have breathing problems but can’t get out
of the vehicle after an air bag inflates, then get
fresh air by opening a window or a door.
In many crashes severe enough to inflate an air bag,
windshields are broken by vehicle deformation.
Additional windshield breakage may also occur from
the right front passenger air bag.
D Air bags are designed to inflate only once. After an
air bag inflates, you’ll need some new parts for your
air bag system. If you don’t get them, the air bag
system won’t be there to help protect you in another
crash. A new system will include air bag modules
and possibly other parts. The service manual for
your vehicle covers the need to replace other parts.
D Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and
diagnostic module, which records information about
the frontal air bag system. The module records
information about the readiness of the system, when
the system commands air bag inflation and driver’s
safety belt usage at deployment. The module also
records speed, engine rpm, brake and throttle data.
NOTICE:
If you damage the covering for the driver’s or
the right front passenger’s air bag, or the air
bag covering on the driver’s and right front
passenger’s seatback, the bag may not work
properly. You may have to replace the air bag
module in the steering wheel, both the air bag
module and the instrument panel for the right
front passenger’s air bag, or both the air bag
module and seatback for the driver’s and right
front passenger’s side impact air bag. Do not
open or break the air bag coverings.
D Let only qualified technicians work on your air
bag systems. Improper service can mean that an
air bag system won’t work properly. See your dealer
for service.
1-49
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle
Safety Belt Pretensioners
Air bags affect how your vehicle should be serviced.
There are parts of the air bag systems in several places
around your vehicle. Your dealer and the service manual
have information about servicing your vehicle and the
air bag systems. To purchase a service manual, see
“Service and Owner Publications” in the Index.
Your vehicle has safety belt pretensioners. You’ll find
them on the buckle end of the safety belts for the driver
and right front passenger. They help the safety belts
reduce a person’s forward movement in a moderate
to severe crash in which the front of the vehicle
hits something.
CAUTION:
For up to 10 seconds after the ignition key is
turned off and the battery is disconnected,
an air bag can still inflate during improper
service. You can be injured if you are close to an
air bag when it inflates. Avoid yellow connectors.
They are probably part of the air bag systems.
Be sure to follow proper service procedures,
and make sure the person performing work
for you is qualified to do so.
The air bag systems do not need regular maintenance.
1-50
Pretensioners work only once. If they activate in a crash,
you’ll need to get new ones, and probably other new
parts for your safety belt system. See “Replacing
Restraint System Parts After a Crash” in the Index.
Rear Seat Passengers
It’s very important for rear seat passengers to buckle up!
Accident statistics show that unbelted people in the rear
seat are hurt more often in crashes than those who are
wearing safety belts.
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted can be thrown
out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike others
in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The positions next to the windows have lap-shoulder
belts. Here’s how to wear one properly.
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt across
you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt go back
slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt across you
more slowly.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
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Second Row Outside Passenger Positions
Third Row Outside Passenger Positions
If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, tilt the
latch plate and keep pulling until you can buckle it.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt is not long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section. Make sure
the release button on the buckle is positioned so
you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt
quickly if you ever had to.
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3. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less
likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it,
the belt would apply force at your abdomen. This could
cause serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt
should go over the shoulder and across the chest.
These parts of the body are best able to take belt
restraining forces.
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The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or a crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt should fit against your body.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
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Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for
Children and Small Adults
Here’s how to install a comfort guide and use the
safety belt:
Your vehicle may have rear shoulder belt comfort
guides. This feature will provide added safety belt
comfort for older children who have outgrown booster
seats and for small adults. When installed on a shoulder
belt, the comfort guide better positions the belt away
from the neck and head.
If your vehicle has bucket seats in the second row, there
is one guide for each outside passenger position. If your
vehicle has a bench seat in the second row, there is one
guide for the left-hand outside passenger position.
To provide added safety belt comfort for children
who have outgrown child restraints and for smaller
adults, the comfort guides may be installed on the
shoulder belts.
1. Remove the guide from its storage clip on the side of
the seatback.
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2. Place the guide over the belt and insert the two edges
of the belt into the slots of the guide.
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3. Be sure that the belt is not twisted and it lies flat.
The guide must be on top of the belt.
Center Passenger Position
(Bench Seat)
4. Buckle, position and release the safety belt as
described in “Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions”
earlier in this section. Make sure that the shoulder
belt crosses the shoulder.
Lap Belt
If your vehicle has a third row rear bench seat, someone
can sit in the center position.
To remove and store the comfort guides, squeeze the
belt edges together so that you can take them out from
the guides. Slide the guide onto the storage clip.
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When you sit in the center position of the bench seat,
you have a lap safety belt, which has no retractor.
To make the belt longer, tilt the latch plate and pull
it along the belt.
To make the belt shorter, pull its free end as shown until
the belt is snug.
Buckle, position and release it the same way as the lap
part of a lap-shoulder belt. If the belt isn’t long enough,
see “Safety Belt Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned
so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly
if you ever had to.
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Center Passenger Position
(Bucket Seat)
Lap Belt
When you sit in the center position bucket seat, you
have a lap safety belt which has a retractor.
If your vehicle has bucket seats, someone can sit in the
center position bucket seat.
1. Pick up the latch plate and, in a single motion,
pull the belt across you. Don’t let it get twisted.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, let it go
back all the way and start again. Pull up on the latch
plate to make sure it is secure.
3. Feed the lap belt into the retractor to tighten it.
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Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! This includes
infants and all other children. Neither the distance
traveled nor the age and size of the traveler changes
the need, for everyone, to use safety restraints. In fact,
the law in every state in the United States and in every
Canadian province says children up to some age must
be restrained while in a vehicle.
Infants and Young Children
Every time infants and young children ride in vehicles,
they should have the protection provided by the
appropriate restraint. Young children should not use
the vehicle’s safety belts, unless there is no other choice.
4. Position and release it the same way as the lap part
of a lap-shoulder belt.
If the belt isn’t long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section. Make sure
the release button on the buckle is positioned so
you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt
quickly if you ever had to.
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CAUTION: (Continued)
For example, in a crash at only 25 mph (40 km/h),
a 12-lb. (5.5 kg) baby will suddenly become a
240-lb. (110 kg) force on a person’s arms. A baby
should be secured in an appropriate restraint.
CAUTION:
People should never hold a baby in their arms
while riding in a vehicle. A baby doesn’t weigh
much -- until a crash. During a crash a baby
will become so heavy it is not possible to hold it.
CAUTION: (Continued)
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Q:
What are the different types of add-on
child restraints?
A:
Add-on child restraints, which are purchased by the
vehicle’s owner, are available in four basic types.
Selection of a particular restraint should take into
consideration not only the child’s weight, height
and age but also whether or not the restraint will
be compatible with the motor vehicle in which it
will be used.
CAUTION:
Children who are up against, or very close to, any
air bag when it inflates can be seriously injured
or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder belts offer
outstanding protection for adults and older
children, but not for young children and infants.
Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system nor its
air bag system is designed for them. Young
children and infants need the protection that
a child restraint system can provide.
For most basic types of child restraints, there are
many different models available. When purchasing
a child restraint, be sure it is designed to be used
in a motor vehicle. If it is, the restraint will have
a label saying that it meets federal motor vehicle
safety standards.
The restraint manufacturer’s instructions that
come with the restraint state the weight and
height limitations for a particular child restraint.
In addition, there are many kinds of restraints
available for children with special needs.
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CAUTION:
Newborn infants need complete support,
including support for the head and neck. This
is necessary because a newborn infant’s neck is
weak and its head weighs so much compared
with the rest of its body. In a crash, an infant
in a rear-facing seat settles into the restraint,
so the crash forces can be distributed across the
strongest part of an infant’s body, the back and
shoulders. Infants always should be secured in
appropriate infant restraints.
CAUTION:
The body structure of a young child is quite
unlike that of an adult or older child, for whom
the safety belts are designed. A young child’s
hip bones are still so small that vehicle’s regular
safety belt may not remain low on the hip bones,
as it should. Instead, it may settle up around the
child’s abdomen. In a crash, the belt would apply
force on a body area that’s unprotected by any
bony structure. This alone could cause serious
or fatal injuries. Young children always should
be secured in appropriate child restraints.
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Built-in Child Restraint (Option)
60/40 Bench Seat
Bucket Seat
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If your vehicle has this option in a bucket seat, each
bucket seat that has the built-in child restraint fits in
only one location in your vehicle. To find out where a
bucket seat that has a built-in child restraint must be
located in your vehicle, see “Removable Rear Bucket
Seats” in the Index. If your vehicle has this option
in a 60/40 bench seat, this bench seat will only fit in
the second row of your vehicle. In both types of seats,
the built-in child restraint works the same way.
This child restraint system conforms to all applicable
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.
Each child restraint is designed for use only by children
who weigh between 22 and 40 pounds (10 and 18 kg)
and whose height is between 33.5 and 40 inches
(850 and 1 016 mm) and who are capable of sitting
upright alone.
The child should also be at least one year old. It is
important to use a rear-facing infant restraint until the
child is about a year old. A rear-facing restraint gives
the infant’s head, neck and body the support they
would need in a crash. See “Child Restraints” later
in this section for more information.
Q:
What if the top of my child’s shoulders is above
the shoulder belt slots for the five-point child
restraint harness system?
A:
A child whose shoulders are above the shoulder
belt slots for the five-point child restraint harness
system shouldn’t use this child restraint. Instead,
the child should sit on the vehicle’s regular seat
cushion and use the vehicle’s adult safety belts.
CAUTION:
BEFORE YOU USE THIS CHILD RESTRAINT,
BE SURE THE TOP OF THE CHILD’S
SHOULDERS IS BELOW THE SLOTS THAT
THE HARNESS GOES THROUGH. A CHILD
WHOSE SHOULDERS ARE ABOVE THOSE
SLOTS COULD BE INJURED DURING A
SUDDEN STOP OR CRASH. IF THE TOP
OF THE CHILD’S SHOULDERS IS ABOVE
THE SLOTS, DON’T USE THIS CHILD
RESTRAINT WHILE THE VEHICLE IS
IN MOTION.
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Securing a Child in the Built-In
Child Restraint
1. Raise the head restraint until the lower edge of the
head restraint is even with the top of the seatback.
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2. Rotate the head restraint rearward until it touches
the top of the seatback. Make sure there is no gap
between the lower edge of the head restraint and the
top of the seatback.
3. Lower the child restraint cushion.
You’ll be using the child restraint’s harness (A)
to secure your child. Don’t use the vehicle’s
safety belts.
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CAUTION:
Using the vehicle’s regular safety belts on a child
seated on the child restraint cushion can cause
serious injury to the child in a sudden stop or
crash. If a child is the proper size for the built-in
child restraint, secure the child using the child
restraint’s harness. But children who are too
large for the built-in child restraint should sit on
the vehicle’s regular seat and use the vehicle’s
adult safety belts.
WARNING! FAILURE TO FOLLOW THE
MANUFACTURER’S INSTRUCTIONS ON THE
USE OF THIS CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEM
CAN RESULT IN YOUR CHILD STRIKING THE
VEHICLE’S INTERIOR DURING A SUDDEN
STOP OR CRASH. SNUGLY ADJUST THE
BELTS PROVIDED WITH THIS CHILD
RESTRAINT AROUND YOUR CHILD.
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4. Before placing the child in the child restraint, add
slack to the shoulder harness. Pull the black shoulder
harness release strap firmly. At the same time pull
both shoulder harness straps through the slots in
the seatback as shown.
5. Place the child on the child restraint cushion.
8. Place the other side of the harness over the
child’s shoulder.
9. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
6. Select only one side of the harness. Place the harness
over the child’s shoulder.
7. Push the latch plate (B) into the buckle until it clicks.
Be sure the buckle is free of any foreign objects
that may prevent you from securing the latch plates.
If you can’t secure a latch plate, see your dealer for
service before using the child restraint.
10. Pull up on both latch plates to make sure they
are secure.
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CAUTION:
An unfastened shoulder harness clip won’t help
keep the harness in place on the child’s shoulders.
If the harness isn’t on the child’s shoulders,
it won’t be able to restrain the child’s upper
body in a sudden stop or crash. The child could
be seriously injured. Make sure the harness clip
is properly fastened.
11. Now fasten the left and right halves of the shoulder
harness clip together. The purpose of this clip
is to help keep the harness positioned on the
child’s shoulders.
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12. Pull the shoulder harness adjustment strap (C)
firmly until the harness is snugly adjusted around
the child. You should not be able to put more than
two fingers between the harness and the child’s
chest. Make sure the harness and buckle strap
are not twisted.
13. Adjust the position of the harness on the child’s
shoulder by moving the clip up or down along the
harness. On each side of the harness, the shoulder
part should be centered on the child’s shoulder.
The harness should be away from the child’s face
and neck, but not falling from the child’s shoulders.
If you expect that the child will sleep while riding,
you can recline the seatback. See “Seats” in
the Index.
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Removing the Child from the Built-In
Child Restraint
2. Unlatch the harness by pushing the button on
the buckle.
1. Unfasten the shoulder harness clip.
3. Move one side of the harness off the child’s shoulder.
4. Move the other side of the harness off the
child’s shoulder.
5. Remove the child from the child restraint cushion.
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Storing the Built-In Child Restraint
Always properly store the built-in child restraint before
using the vehicle’s lap-shoulder belt.
2. Fold the child restraint cushion and leg rest up into
the seatback.
3. Press the child restraint cushion firmly into
the seatback.
1. Move both latch plates and both sides of the shoulder
harness clip to the bottom of the harness straps.
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4. Then press the leg rest firmly into the seatback, and
secure it by pressing the upper corners against the
fastener strips on the seatback.
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5. Rotate the head restraint forward and push it all the
way down.
Just like the other restraint systems in your vehicle, your
built-in child restraint needs to be periodically checked
and may need to have parts replaced after a crash. See
“Checking Your Restraint Systems” and “Replacing
Seat and Restraint System Parts After a Crash” in
the Index.
Restraint Systems for Children
An infant car bed (A), a special bed made for use in a
motor vehicle, is an infant restraint system designed to
restrain or position a child on a continuous flat surface.
Make sure that the infant’s head rests toward the center
of the vehicle.
A rear-facing infant seat (B) provides restraint with
the seating surface against the back of the infant. The
harness system holds the infant in place and, in a crash,
acts to keep the infant positioned in the restraint.
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A forward-facing child seat (C-E) provides restraint for
the child’s body with the harness and also sometimes
with surfaces such as T-shaped or shelf-like shields.
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A booster seat (F-G) is a child restraint designed
to improve the fit of the vehicle’s safety belt system.
Some booster seats have a shoulder belt positioner,
and some high-back booster seats have a five-point
harness. A booster seat can also help a child to see
out the window.
Q:
A:
How do child restraints work?
A child restraint system is any device designed for
use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat, or position
children. A built-in child restraint system is a
permanent part of the motor vehicle. An add-on
child restraint system is a portable one, which is
purchased by the vehicle’s owner.
For many years, add-on child restraints have
used the adult belt system in the vehicle. To help
reduce the chance of injury, the child also has to
be secured within the restraint. The vehicle’s belt
system secures the add-on child restraint in the
vehicle, and the add-on child restraint’s harness
system holds the child in place within the restraint.
One system, the three-point harness, has straps
that come down over each of the infant’s shoulders
and buckle together at the crotch. The five-point
harness system has two shoulder straps, two hip
straps and a crotch strap. A shield may take the
place of hip straps. A T-shaped shield has shoulder
straps that are attached to a flat pad which rests low
against the child’s body. A shelf- or armrest-type
shield has straps that are attached to a wide,
shelf-like shield that swings up or to the side.
When choosing a child restraint, be sure the child
restraint is designed to be used in a vehicle. If it is,
it will have a label saying that it meets federal motor
vehicle safety standards.
Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You may
find these instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system in
your vehicle, but the child also has to be secured within
the restraint to help reduce the chance of personal injury.
When securing an add-on child restraint, refer to the
instructions that come with the restraint which may be
on the restraint itself or in a booklet, or both, and to this
manual. The child restraint instructions are important,
so if they are not available, obtain a replacement copy
from the manufacturer.
Q:
When securing an aftermarket child seat in a
bucket seat, I am unable to get the seat fastened
in snugly enough. What should I do?
A:
With some child seats, it may be difficult to tighten
the vehicle belts so that there is less side-to-side
or front-to-back movement of the child seat.
A replacement buckle, which makes it easier to
secure your child seat, is available from your dealer
at no charge to you.
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Where to Put the Restraint
(Except Cargo Vans)
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat.
General Motors, therefore, recommends that child
restraints be secured in a rear seat including an infant
riding in a rear-facing infant seat, a child riding in a
forward-facing child seat and an older child riding in a
booster seat. Never put a rear-facing child restraint
in the front passenger seat. Here’s why:
CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because the
back of the rear-facing child restraint would be
very close to the inflating air bag. Always secure
a rear-facing child restraint in a rear seat.
You may secure a forward-facing child restraint
in the right front seat, but before you do, always
move the front passenger seat as far back as it
will go. It’s better to secure the child restraint in
a rear seat.
Wherever you install it, be sure to secure the child
restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can
move around in a collision or sudden stop and injure
people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure any
child restraint in your vehicle -- even when no child
is in it.
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Where to Put the Restraint (Cargo Vans)
Top Strap
The child restraint must be secured properly in the
passenger seat. Never put a rear-facing child restraint
in this vehicle. Here’s why:
Some child restraints have a top strap, or “top tether.”
It can help restrain the child restraint during a collision.
For it to work, a top strap must be properly anchored
to the vehicle.
CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the passenger’s
air bag inflates. This is because the back of the
rear-facing child restraint would be very close
to the inflating air bag. Do not use a rear-facing
child restraint in this vehicle.
If a forward-facing child restraint is suitable for
your child, always move the passenger seat as far
back as it will go.
If the child restraint does not have a top strap, one
can be obtained, in kit form, for many child restraints.
Ask the child restraint manufacturer whether or not a
kit is available.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can
move around in a collision or sudden stop and injure
people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure any
child restraint in your vehicle -- even when no child
is in it.
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In Canada, the law requires that forward-facing child
restraints have a top strap, and that the strap be anchored.
In the United States, some child restraints also have a top
strap. If your child restraint has a top strap, it should
be anchored.
An anchor bar for a top strap is located at the rear of
the seat cushion for each second and third row outboard
seating positions, and for the center position of the
second row.
The anchor bar for the stowable bench seat is located
on the passenger’s side of the crossbar. Use the center
seating position to use the anchor properly. If the
convenience center is in the vehicle, you must lift the
tray sill to use the anchor.
Second Row
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Third Row
Third Row (Stowable Seat)
Don’t use a child restraint with a top strap in the right
front passenger’s position because there’s no place to
anchor the top strap.
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Anchor the top strap to one of these anchor points.
Be sure to use an anchor point located on the same
side of the vehicle as the seating position where the
child restraint will be placed. If you have an adjustable
head restraint, raise the head restraint and route the top
strap under it.
Once you have the top strap anchored, you’ll be ready
to secure the child restraint itself. Tighten the top strap
when and as the child restraint manufacturer’s
instructions say.
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Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System)
Your vehicle has the LATCH system. You’ll find
anchors (A) in the second row driver’s side bucket seat,
the 40 side of the 60/40 split bench seat and both
second row captain’s chairs.
In order to use the system, you need either a
forward-facing child restraint that has attaching
points (B) at its base and a top tether anchor (C), or a
rear-facing child restraint that has attaching points (B),
as shown here.
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CAUTION:
If a LATCH-type child restraint isn’t attached to
its anchorage points, the restraint won’t be able
to protect a child sitting there. In a crash, the
child could be seriously injured or killed.
Make sure that a LATCH-type child restraint
is properly installed using the anchorage points,
or use the vehicle’s safety belts to secure the
restraint. See “Securing a Child Restraint in
a Rear Outside Seat Position” in the Index for
information on how to secure a child restraint
in your vehicle using the vehicle’s safety belts.
With this system, use the LATCH system instead of the
vehicle’s safety belts to secure a child restraint.
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Securing a Child Restraint Designed for the
LATCH System
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Outside Seat Position
1. Find the anchors for the seating position you want to
use, where the bottom of the seatback meets the back
of the seat cushion.
2. Put the child restraint on the seat.
3. If the child restraint is forward-facing, attach the
anchor points on the child restraint to the anchors in
the vehicle. The child restraint instructions will show
you how.
4. Attach the top strap to the top strap anchor. See “Top
Strap” in the Index. Tighten the top strap according
to the child restraint instructions.
5. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, simply unhook the top
strap from the top tether anchor and then disconnect
the anchor points.
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier
part about the top strap if the child restraint has one.
Be sure to follow the instructions that came with the
child restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint
when and as the instructions say.
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1. Put the restraint on the seat.
2. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
Third Row Outside Passenger Positions
Tilt the latch plate to adjust the belt if needed.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face
or neck, put it behind the child restraint.
Second Row Outside Passenger Position
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3. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
4. Some vehicles have a child restraint locking feature
on the shoulder belt retractor. You can tell if your
vehicle has this feature by pulling the shoulder belt
all the way out of the retractor. Then, let the belt go
back a few inches, and try to pull the belt out again.
If you can’t pull the belt out because it has locked,
it means the retractor has the child restraint locking
feature. If the belt doesn’t lock and you can pull the
belt out of the retractor again, it means your vehicle
doesn’t have the child restraint locking feature on the
shoulder belt retractor.
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D If your vehicle has the child restraint locking
feature on the shoulder belt retractor, pull the
rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of the
retractor to set the lock.
To tighten the belt, feed the shoulder belt back
into the retractor while you push down on the
child restraint. If you’re using a forward-facing
child restraint, you may find it helpful to use your
knee to push down on the child restraint as you
tighten the belt.
D If your vehicle doesn’t have the child restraint
locking feature on the shoulder belt retractor,
tighten the belt by pulling up on the shoulder
belt while you push down on the child restraint.
If you’re using a forward-facing child restraint
you may find it helpful to use your knee to push
down on the child restraint as you tighten the belt.
5. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
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Securing a Child Restraint in the Center
Seat Position (Third Row Bench Seat)
You’ll be using the lap belt. Be sure to follow the
instructions that came with the child restraint. Secure the
child in the child restraint when and as the instructions say.
See the earlier part about the top strap if the child
restraint has one.
1. Make the belt as long as possible by tilting the latch
plate and pulling it along the belt.
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Run the vehicle’s safety belt through or around the
restraint. The child restraint instructions will show
you how.
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5. To tighten the belt, pull its free end while you
push down on the child restraint. If you’re using
a forward-facing child restraint, you may find it
helpful to use your knee to push down on the child
restraint as you tighten the belt.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt. It will be ready to work for an adult or larger
child passenger.
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
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Securing a Child Restraint in the Center
Seat Position (Bucket Seat)
You’ll be using the lap belt. See the earlier part about
the top strap if the child restraint has one. Be sure to
follow the instructions that came with the child restraint.
Secure the child in the child restraint when and as the
instructions say.
2. Pull the lap belt all the way out without stopping.
3. While holding it out, run the belt through or around
the child restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
1. Put the restraint on the seat.
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4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
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5. To tighten the belt, feed it back into the retractor
while you push down on the child restraint. If you’re
using a forward-facing child restraint, you may find
it helpful to use your knee to push down on the child
restraint as you tighten the belt.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position
CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the front passenger’s
air bag inflates. This is because the back of the
rear-facing child restraint would be very close
to the inflating air bag. If your vehicle is a
passenger van, always secure a rear-facing
child restraint in a rear seat.
If your vehicle is a cargo van, do not use a
rear-facing child restraint in this vehicle. If a
forward-facing child restraint is suitable for
your child, always move the passenger seat as
far back as it will go.
Your vehicle has a front passenger air bag. Never put a
rear-facing child restraint in this seat. Here’s why:
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Although a rear seat is a safer place, you can secure a
forward-facing child restraint in the right front seat.
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier
part about the top strap if the child restraint has one.
Be sure to follow the instructions that came with the
child restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint
when and as the instructions say.
1. Because your vehicle has a right front passenger air
bag, always move the seat as far back as it will go
before securing a forward-facing child restraint.
See “Seats” in the Index.
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
Tilt the latch plate to adjust the belt if needed.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face or
neck, put it behind the child restraint.
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4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. Some vehicles have a child restraint locking feature
on the shoulder belt retractor. You can tell if your
vehicle has this feature by pulling the shoulder belt
all the way out of the retractor. Then, let the belt go
back a few inches, and try to pull the belt out again.
If you can’t pull the belt out because it has locked,
it means the retractor has the child restraint locking
feature. If the belt doesn’t lock and you can pull the
belt out of the retractor again, it means your vehicle
doesn’t have the child restraint locking feature on the
shoulder belt retractor.
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D If your vehicle has the child restraint locking
feature on the shoulder belt retractor, pull the rest
of the shoulder belt all the way out of the retractor
to set the lock.
To tighten the belt, feed the shoulder belt back
into the retractor while you push down on the
child restraint. You may find it helpful to use
your knee to push down on the child restraint as
you tighten the belt.
D If your vehicle doesn’t have the child restraint
locking feature on the shoulder belt retractor,
tighten the belt by pulling up on the shoulder
belt while you push down on the child restraint.
You may find it helpful to use your knee to
push down on the child restraint as you tighten
the belt.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
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Older Children
Q:
A:
What is the proper way to wear safety belts?
If possible, an older child should wear a
lap-shoulder belt and get the additional restraint
a shoulder belt can provide. The shoulder belt
should not cross the face or neck. The lap belt
should fit snugly below the hips, just touching
the top of the thighs. It should never be worn
over the abdomen, which could cause severe or
even fatal internal injuries in a crash.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear seat.
In a crash, children who are not buckled up can strike
other people who are buckled up, or can be thrown
out of the vehicle. Older children need to use safety
belts properly.
Older children who have outgrown booster seats should
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
If you have the choice, a child should sit next to a
window so the child can wear a lap-shoulder belt and
get the additional restraint a shoulder belt can provide.
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CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same belt.
The belt can’t properly spread the impact forces.
In a crash, the two children can be crushed
together and seriously injured. A belt must
be used by only one person at a time.
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Q:
What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but the child is so small that the shoulder belt is
very close to the child’s face or neck?
A:
Move the child toward the center of the vehicle, but
be sure that the shoulder belt still is on the child’s
shoulder, so that in a crash the child’s upper body
would have the restraint that belts provide. If the
child is sitting in a rear seat outside position, see
“Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides” in the Index.
If the child is so small that the shoulder belt is still
very close to the child’s face or neck, you might
want to place the child in a seat that has a lap belt,
if your vehicle has one.
CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part is behind
the child. If the child wears the belt in this way,
in a crash the child might slide under the belt.
The belt’s force would then be applied right on
the child’s abdomen. That could cause serious
or fatal injuries.
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt
should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching
the child’s thighs. This applies belt force to the child’s
pelvic bones in a crash.
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Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you
should use it.
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your
dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. When you go
in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so the
extender will be long enough for you. The extender will
be just for you, and just for the seat in your vehicle that
you choose. Don’t let someone else use it, and use it
only for the seat it is made to fit. To wear it, just attach
it to the regular safety belt.
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and
anchorages are working properly. If your vehicle has a
built-in child restraint, also periodically make sure the
harness straps, latch plates, buckle, clip, child head
restraint and anchorages are working properly.
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Look for any other loose or damaged safety belt and
built-in child restraint system parts. If you see anything
that might keep a safety belt or built-in child restraint
system from doing its job, have it repaired.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a
crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt
is torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
If your vehicle has the built-in child restraint, torn or
frayed harness straps can rip apart under impact forces
just like torn or frayed safety belts can. They may not
protect a child in a crash. If a harness strap is torn or
frayed, get a new harness right away.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers,
and have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag
system does not need regular maintenance.)
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
If you’ve had a crash, do you need new safety belts or
built-in child restraint parts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the safety belts or built-in child restraint harness
straps were stretched, as they would be if worn during a
more severe crash, then you need new safety belts or
harness straps.
If safety belts or built-in child restraint harness straps
are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision damage also
may mean you will need to have safety belt, built-in
child restraint or seat parts repaired or replaced. New
parts and repairs may be necessary even if the safety
belt or built-in child restraint wasn’t being used at the
time of the collision.
If an air bag inflates, you’ll need to replace air bag
system parts. See the part on the air bag system earlier
in this section.
If the frontal air bags inflate, you’ll also need to replace
the driver’s and right front passenger’s safety belt
buckle assembly. Be sure to do so. Then the new buckle
assembly will be there to help protect you in a collision.
1-101
Section 2 Features and Controls
Here you can learn about the many standard and optional features on your vehicle, and information on starting,
shifting and braking. Also explained are the instrument panel and the warning systems that tell you if everything is
working properly -- and what to do if you have a problem.
2-2
2-5
2-7
2-10
2-16
2-26
2-28
2-36
2-37
2-38
2-41
2-43
2-43
2-45
2-46
2-48
2-52
2-53
Windows
Keys
Door Locks
Remote Keyless Entry System (Option)
Multifunction Alarm Locks and Lighting Choices
Dual Sliding Doors
Power Sliding Door (Option)
Liftgate
Theft
Content Theft-Deterrent (Option)
PASS-KeyR III
New Vehicle “Break-In”
Ignition Positions
Starting Your Engine
Engine Coolant Heater (If Equipped)
Automatic Transaxle Operation
Parking Brake
Shifting Into PARK (P)
2-
2-56
2-56
2-57
2-57
2-59
2-66
2-67
2-72
2-84
2-86
2-87
2-90
2-94
2-98
2-108
2-116
2-119
Shifting Out of PARK (P)
Parking Over Things That Burn
Engine Exhaust
Running Your Engine While You’re Parked
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Exterior Lamps
Interior Lamps
Storage Compartments
Accessory Inflator System (Option)
Accessory Power Outlets
OnStarR System (If Equipped)
HomeLinkR Transmitter (Option)
The Instrument Panel -- Your
Information System
Warning Lights, Gages, Messages and Indicators
Message Center
Driver Information Center (DIC) (Option)
Rear Parking Assist (Option)
2-1
Windows
CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the windows
closed is dangerous. A child can be overcome by
the extreme heat and can suffer permanent
injuries or even death from heat stroke. Never
leave a child alone in a vehicle, especially with the
windows closed in warm or hot weather.
Manual Windows
Use the manual crank to open and close the front windows.
2-2
Power Windows (Option)
To raise the window, pull up the front of the switch.
Express-Down Window
To activate the express-down feature, push the switch all
the way down, then release. The window will lower
completely. To stop the window from lowering all the
way, pull up the front of the switch.
Side Window Latches
The rear of each side window swings open.
If your vehicle has power windows, the switches on the
driver’s door armrest control the front windows when
the ignition is in RUN, ACCESSORY or when Retained
Accessory Power (RAP) is active. See “Retained
Accessory Power (RAP)” in the Index. The left switch
controls the driver’s window. The right switch controls
the passenger’s window.
The driver’s power window switch has two down
positions. Push the switch to the first position to lower
the window normally.
To open, push the latch
forward to release it, then
swing the window outward.
Press the center of the latch
to secure the window in the
open position.
To close, pull the center of the latch forward and then
close the latch. Press the center of the latch to secure the
window in the closed position.
2-3
Power Rear Quarter Windows
(If Equipped)
This button, located
in the overhead console
switchbank, is used
for opening and closing
the power rear
quarter windows.
Press the bottom of the switch to close both windows.
The windows can be closed fully or partway depending
on how long the switch is pushed.
The ignition must be in RUN, ACCESSORY or when
retained accessory power (RAP) is active, to use the
power rear quarter windows. See “Retained Accessory
Power (RAP)” in the Index.
Rear Side Panels (Cargo Van)
The windows on the cargo van are opaque glass.
These operate the same as the rear side windows in the
regular van.
Press the top of the switch to open the windows; both
windows will open. The windows can be opened fully or
partway depending on how long the switch is pushed.
2-4
Keys
CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the ignition
key is dangerous for many reasons. A child or
others could be badly injured or even killed.
They could operate the power windows or other
controls or even make the vehicle move. Don’t
leave the keys in a vehicle with children.
2-5
The master key can be
used for the ignition as
well as all door locks, the
liftgate lock and the
storage compartments.
Your vehicle has the PASS-KeyR III vehicle theft
system. The key has a transponder in the key head that
matches a decoder in the vehicle’s steering column. If a
replacement key or any additional key is needed, you
must purchase this key from your dealer. The key will
have PK3 stamped on it. Keep the bar code tag that
came with the original keys. Give this tag to your dealer
if you need a new key made.
Any new PASS-Key III key must be programmed before it
will start your vehicle. See “PASS-KeyR III” in the Index for
more information on programming your new key.
If you need a new key, contact your Chevrolet dealer,
who can obtain the correct key code. In an emergency,
call Chevrolet Roadside Assistance. See “Roadside
Assistance” in the Index for more information.
2-6
NOTICE:
Your vehicle has a number of new features that
can help prevent theft. But you can have a lot of
trouble getting into your vehicle if you ever lock
your key inside. You may even have to damage
your vehicle to get in. So be sure you have an
extra key.
Door Locks
CAUTION:
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
D Passengers -- especially children -- can
easily open the doors and fall out of a
moving vehicle. When a door is locked, the
handle won’t open it. You increase the
chance of being thrown out of the vehicle in
a crash if the doors aren’t locked. So, wear
safety belts properly and lock the doors
whenever you drive.
D Young children who get into unlocked
vehicles may be unable to get out. A child
can be overcome by extreme heat and can
suffer permanent injuries or even death
from heat stroke. Always lock your vehicle
whenever you leave it.
D Outsiders can easily enter through an
unlocked door when you slow down or stop
your vehicle. Locking your doors can help
prevent this from happening.
There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle.
From the outside, use your key or the optional remote
keyless entry transmitter.
To unlock either front door from the outside with the key,
insert the key and turn it toward the front of the vehicle.
You can lock either front door from the outside with your key
by inserting and turning it toward the rear of the vehicle.
To lock either front door from the inside, push the
manual lever forward.
To unlock either front door from the inside, pull back on
the manual lever.
2-7
Power Door Locks
To unlock any door or the liftgate from the outside with
your key, turn the key toward the front of the vehicle
and release it. This will only unlock that door or the
liftgate. To unlock all the doors and the liftgate at once,
insert the key into the key cylinder, then turn it toward
the front of the vehicle and hold it for one second.
With power door locks, you can lock all the doors from
the outside by inserting the key and turning the key
toward the rear of the vehicle.
Also, when the doors are locked with the power door
locks, the inside as well as the outside door handle
cannot open the doors. This safety feature prevents a
door from being accidentally opened from the inside by
moving the handle.
From the inside, press the front of the power door lock
switch (on either front door) to unlock all doors and the
liftgate. If your vehicle has the optional content
theft-deterrent system, the power door lock switch will
not unlock the doors until the system is disarmed. See
“Content Theft-Deterrent” in the Index for more details.
You can lock all doors and the liftgate from the inside
by pressing the rear of the power lock switch on either
front door. If your vehicle has the optional content
theft-deterrent system, the power door lock switch may
cause the system to arm. See “Content Theft-Deterrent”
in the Index for more details.
2-8
To override this safety feature, unlock the door you
want to open.
When the liftgate has been unlocked with the power
door locks, you won’t need the key to open it. Simply
squeeze the handle located above the license plate. This
is also true if you use the optional remote keyless entry
transmitter. See “Remote Keyless Entry System” later in
this section.
Last Door Closed Locking
The last door closed locking feature makes it easier to
use your power door locks to lock all the doors and the
liftgate when leaving your vehicle.
The first time you attempt to lock the doors using the
power lock switch or the optional remote keyless entry
transmitter, three chimes will signal that last door closed
locking is being used when any door or the liftgate is
open. All doors and the liftgate can be re-opened for up
to five seconds from the time the last door is closed.
Five seconds after the last door is closed, all the doors
will lock. You can lock the doors immediately using the
power door lock switch or the optional remote keyless
entry transmitter a second time.
If the ignition is in RUN or ACCESSORY, this feature
will not lock the doors.
To turn the last door closed locking feature off or on, see
“Multifunction Alarm Locks and Lighting Choices” in
the Index.
Automatic Door Locks
If someone needs to get out while you’re not in
PARK (P), have that person use the manual lever or the
power door lock switch. When the door is closed again,
it will not lock automatically. Use the manual lever or
the power door lock switch to lock the door.
To change the way the auto door locks operate, see
“Multifunction Alarm Locks and Lighting Choices” in
the Index.
With the automatic door locks feature, you can lock or
unlock the doors at any time, either manually or using
the power door lock switches.
Sliding Door Delayed Locking
If either sliding door is open when you use the power door
locks to lock the vehicle, the sliding door that is open will
not lock. Normally the last door closed locking feature will
be used to lock the sliding door after it has been closed.
When the ignition is on or if the last door closed locking
feature has been overridden or programmed to be off,
the sliding door delayed locking feature will lock your
sliding door for you. Three seconds after either sliding
door is closed, all the doors will lock.
All of the doors will lock automatically when you move
your shift lever out of PARK (P). All doors will unlock
automatically when the ignition is turned off while the
shift lever is in PARK (P).
2-9
Lockout Deterrent
The lockout deterrent feature makes it difficult for you
to lock your keys in your vehicle. If the driver’s door is
open while the keys are in the ignition, a chime will
sound and you will not be able to use your power door
lock switch to lock the vehicle.
If you don’t leave the keys in the ignition or if you use
the manual door lock, you could still lock your keys in
your vehicle. Always remember to take your keys
with you.
Remote Keyless Entry
System (Option)
If your vehicle has this
feature, you can lock and
unlock your doors and the
liftgate from about 3 feet
(1 m) up to 30 feet (9 m)
away using the remote
keyless entry transmitter
supplied with your vehicle.
To turn this feature off or on, see “Multifunction Alarm
Locks and Lighting Choices” in the Index.
Leaving Your Vehicle
If you are leaving the vehicle, take your keys, open your
door and set the locks from the inside. Then get out and
close the door.
Your remote keyless entry system operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
2-10
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this device
must accept any interference received, including interference
that may cause undesired operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than an
authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
At times you may notice a decrease in range. This is
normal for any remote keyless entry system. If the
transmitter does not work or if you have to stand closer
to your vehicle for the transmitter to work, try this:
D Check the distance. You may be too far from your
vehicle. You may need to stand closer during rainy
or snowy weather.
D Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may be
blocking the signal. Take a few steps to the left or
right, hold the transmitter higher, and try again.
D Check to determine if battery replacement is
necessary. See the instructions that follow.
D If you’re still having trouble, see your dealer or a
Operation
Remote Driver’s Door and All Door Unlock
When you press UNLOCK on the remote keyless entry
transmitter, only the driver’s door will unlock. If you
press UNLOCK again within five seconds, all the doors
and the liftgate will unlock. If you would like all the
doors to unlock the first time you press UNLOCK, see
“Multifunction Alarm Locks and Lighting Choices” in
the Index.
If your vehicle has the optional content theft-deterrent
system, the UNLOCK button on the remote keyless
entry transmitter will disarm the system. See “Content
Theft-Deterrent” in the Index for more details.
Remote All Door Lock
To lock all doors, press LOCK on the remote keyless
entry transmitter. See “Power Door Locks” in the Index
for more details on the power door lock features. If your
vehicle has the optional content theft-deterrent system,
the LOCK button may arm the system. See “Content
Theft-Deterrent” in the Index for more details.
qualified technician for service.
2-11
Remote Lock Confirmation (Option)
Remote Unlock Confirmation (Option)
If your vehicle has the optional content theft-deterrent
system, your remote keyless entry transmitter will have
this feature.
If your vehicle has the optional content theft-deterrent
system, your remote keyless entry transmitter will have
this feature.
When you use the remote keyless entry transmitter to
lock your vehicle, the parking lamps will flash to let you
know the command has been received. If you press the
LOCK button again, within five seconds, the horn will
sound and the parking lamps will flash to let you know
the vehicle is already locked.
When you use your remote keyless entry transmitter to
unlock your vehicle or to operate the optional power
sliding door(s), the parking lamps will flash to let you
know the command was received.
If you would like to change the way the parking lamps
and horn operate with remote lock confirmation, see
“Multifunction Alarm Locks and Lighting Choices” in
the Index.
If you would like to change the way the parking
lamps operate with remote unlock confirmation, see
“Multifunction Alarm Locks and Lighting Choices” in
the Index.
Remote Alarm (Option)
When you press the horn button on the remote keyless
entry transmitter, the parking lamps will flash and the
horn will sound. This will allow you to attract attention,
if needed.
Press the horn button to stop the alarm from sounding.
2-12
Remote Power Sliding Door Operation (Option)
If your vehicle has the
optional power sliding door,
your remote keyless entry
transmitter will have a
button that has a van
symbol on it. Press it to
open or close the sliding
door. See “Power Sliding
Door” later in this section.
If your vehicle has the optional dual power sliding doors,
your remote keyless entry transmitter will have two
buttons that have a van symbol on it. The van symbol on
the left is for the driver’s side sliding door and the van
symbol on the right is for the passenger’s side sliding door.
See “Power Sliding Door” later in this section.
If the sliding door(s) is locked, first unlock all doors,
then press the van symbol to open the sliding door(s).
Press the van symbol again to close the sliding door(s).
See “Remote Driver’s Door and All Door Unlock”
earlier in this section and “Power Sliding Door” later in
this section.
You can operate the power sliding door(s) with the remote
keyless entry transmitter only when the power sliding door
override switch(es) on the overhead console is turned off.
See “Power Sliding Door” later in this section.
If the vehicle’s fuel filler door is opened, the driver’s side
power sliding door will not open completely. Do not try to
force the door. Once the fuel filler door is closed, the
driver’s side sliding door can be opened normally.
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your Vehicle
Each remote keyless entry transmitter is coded to
prevent another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle.
If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can be
purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring any
remaining transmitters with you when you go to your
dealer. When the dealer matches the replacement
transmitter to your vehicle, any remaining transmitters
must also be matched. Once your dealer has coded the
new transmitter, the lost transmitter will not unlock your
vehicle. Each vehicle can have only four transmitters
matched to it.
See your dealer to match transmitters to another vehicle.
2-13
Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the battery in your remote keyless
entry transmitter should last about three years.
You can tell the battery is weak if the transmitter won’t
work at the normal range in any location. If you have to
get close to your vehicle before the transmitter works,
it’s probably time to change the battery.
Replacing the Battery in the Remote Transmitter
NOTICE:
When replacing the battery, use care not to touch
any of the circuitry. Static from your body
transferred to these surfaces may damage
the transmitter.
1. Insert a flat object like a coin into the slot on the side
of the transmitter and twist it to separate the halves.
2-14
2. Gently pry the battery out of the transmitter. Do not
use the metal flanges to “pop out” the battery.
3. Replace the battery.
4. Reassemble the transmitter. Make sure the halves are
snapped together tightly so water will not get in.
5. Check the transmitter operation.
Switchbanks
Instrument Panel Switchbank
There are two sets of switchbanks located in the front of the
vehicle. The switches will vary with the options that are on
your vehicle. It is useful to become familiar with them since
they are used frequently while operating the vehicle.
Overhead Console Switchbank
This switchbank is located in the overhead console.
The switchbank may include the interior lamps override,
the power sliding door, the power sliding door override,
the power rear quarter windows and the rear parking aid
disable. If your vehicle has the optional dual power sliding
doors, the switchbank will have both power sliding door
switches. The power sliding door override switch will be
integrated on the power sliding door switches. If your
vehicle does not have some of the options controlled by
these switches, there will be a blank switch in its place.
This switchbank is located in the instrument panel below
the comfort controls. The switchbank may include the
rear fan knob, the rear window wiper/washer and the
traction control. If your vehicle does not have some of
the options controlled by these switches, there will be a
blank switch in its place.
For more information, see each of these features in the Index.
If your vehicle is not equipped with the optional rear
climate control system, there will be a storage space in
this switchbank. The rubber mat can be removed for
cleaning. Snap the mat into place after cleaning.
For more information, see each of these features in the Index.
2-15
Multifunction Alarm Locks and Lighting Choices
Your vehicle’s locks and lighting systems can be programmed with several different features. The features you can
program depend on the options that came with your vehicle. The following chart shows the features that can be
programmed. To determine which features your vehicle is equipped with, follow the steps listed for entering the
programming mode.
2-16
Entering Programming Mode
Delayed Illumination and Exit Lighting
To program features, your vehicle must be in the
programming mode. Follow these steps:
With delayed illumination, the interior lamps will stay
on for about 25 seconds after all the doors and the
liftgate are closed.
1. The optional content theft-deterrent system must be
disarmed. See “Content Theft-Deterrent System” in
this section.
2. Remove fuse 47 from the instrument panel fuse
block, located to the right of the glove box.
See “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the Index.
3. Close the driver’s door.
4. Turn the ignition key towards you to ACCESSORY.
5. Count the number of chimes you hear. You will
hear two to four chimes depending on the features
your vehicle is equipped with. Refer to the chart
shown previously.
You can now program your choices.
To exit the programming mode, follow the steps
listed under “Exiting Programming Mode” later in
this section.
With exit lighting, the interior lamps will come on and
stay on for about 25 seconds whenever you remove the
key from the ignition.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: Both Features Off (The interior lamps will turn on
or off at the same instant that a door is opened or closed.)
Mode 2: Delayed Illumination Only (The interior lamps
will stay on for about 25 seconds after all the doors and
liftgate are closed, or until you lock the doors.)
Mode 3: Exit Lighting Only (The interior lamps will come
on whenever you remove the key from the ignition and stay
on for about 25 seconds, or until you lock the doors.)
Mode 4: Both Features On (This combines Modes 2 and 3.)
2-17
When your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed in Mode 4. The mode to which the vehicle
has been programmed may have been changed since it
left the factory. To determine the mode to which your
vehicle is programmed or to program your vehicle to a
different mode, do the following:
Automatic Door Locks
1. Follow the instructions for “Entering Programming
Mode” listed previously.
Mode 1: Both Features Off (Automatic door locking and
unlocking is disabled. You will always need to lock your
doors manually before driving to increase occupant safety.)
2. Turn the interior lamps on by turning the instrument
panel brightness control all the way up.
3. Count the number of chimes you hear. The number of
chimes indicates the vehicle’s current programmed
mode. (If you do not wish to change the current mode,
you can either exit the programming mode by
following the instructions later in this section or
program the next feature available on your vehicle.)
4. Turn the interior lamps control off to change the
current mode.
5. Turn the interior lamps control from on to off until
you hear the number of chimes corresponding to the
mode selection you want.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
2-18
With automatic door locks, all doors will automatically
lock when you shift out of PARK (P) and automatically
unlock when the ignition is turned to OFF.
Programmable Modes
Mode 2: Automatic Door Locking Only
D The automatic door unlock feature is turned off.
D Shift out of PARK (P) with the ignition on and the
driver’s door closed; all doors will lock automatically.
Mode 3: Automatic Unlocking with the Ignition Off
D Turn off the ignition with the transaxle in PARK (P);
all doors will unlock automatically.
D Shift out of PARK (P) with the ignition on and the
driver’s door closed; all doors will lock automatically.
Mode 4: Automatic Unlocking with Transaxle in PARK (P)
4. Press LOCK to change the current mode.
D Shift into PARK (P) with the ignition on; all doors
5. Press LOCK until you hear the number of chimes
corresponding to the mode selection you want.
D Shift out of PARK (P) with the ignition on and the
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
will unlock automatically.
driver’s door closed; all doors will lock automatically.
When your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed in Mode 3. The mode to which the vehicle
has been programmed may have been changed since it
left the factory. To determine the mode to which your
vehicle is programmed or to program your vehicle to a
different mode, do the following:
Last Door Closed Locking and
Lockout Prevention
1. Follow the instructions for “Entering Programming
Mode” listed previously.
D If you leave your key in the ignition and leave the
2. Press LOCK on the power door lock switch.
3. Count the number of chimes you hear. The number of
chimes indicates the vehicle’s current programmed
mode. (If you do not wish to change the current mode,
you can either exit the programming mode by
following the instructions later in this section or
program the next feature available on your vehicle.)
With the last door closed locking and lockout prevention
features, your vehicle will do the following:
driver’s door open, you won’t be able to lock the
doors using the power door lock switch.
D When you press LOCK on the power door lock
switch or the optional remote keyless entry
transmitter while any door or the liftgate is open, the
doors will not lock. Instead you will hear three
chimes, that will let you know that the last door
closed locking feature is in operation. Five seconds
after all the doors and the liftgate are closed, all the
doors and the liftgate will automatically lock.
2-19
Programmable Modes
2. Press UNLOCK on the power door lock switch.
Mode 1: Both Features Off (Doors will always lock
immediately when you press LOCK on the power door lock
switch or the optional remote keyless entry transmitter.)
3. Count the number of chimes you hear. The number of
chimes indicates the vehicle’s current programmed
mode. (If you do not wish to change the current mode,
you can either exit the programming mode by
following the instructions later in this section or
program the next feature available on your vehicle.)
Mode 2: Lockout Deterrent Only (If you leave your key
in the ignition with the driver’s door open, you won’t be
able to lock the doors with the power door locks.)
Mode 3: Last Door Closed Locking Only (If the power
door lock switch or the optional remote keyless entry
transmitter is used to lock the vehicle while any door or
the liftgate is open, you will hear three chimes. The
doors will not lock. Five seconds after the last door is
closed, all doors and the liftgate will lock.)
Mode 4: Both Features On (This combines Modes 2 and 3.)
4. Press UNLOCK to change the current mode.
5. Press UNLOCK until you hear the number of chimes
corresponding to the mode selection you want.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
When your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed in Mode 4. The mode to which the vehicle
has been programmed may have been changed since it
left the factory. To determine the mode to which your
vehicle is programmed or to program your vehicle to a
different mode, do the following:
Remote Driver’s Unlock Control
1. Follow the instructions for “Entering Programming
Mode” listed previously.
D when you press UNLOCK on your remote keyless
2-20
With the remote driver’s unlock control feature, you can
program your vehicle to do the following:
D When you press UNLOCK on your remote keyless
entry transmitter, the driver’s door will unlock and,
entry transmitter again within five seconds, all doors
and the liftgate will unlock.
Programmable Modes
4. Press UNLOCK to change the current mode.
Mode 1: Remote All Doors Unlock (When you press
UNLOCK on your remote keyless entry transmitter, all
doors and the liftgate will unlock.)
5. Press UNLOCK until you hear the number of chimes
corresponding to the mode selection you want.
Mode 2: Remote Driver’s Door Unlock Only
(When you press UNLOCK on your remote keyless
entry transmitter once, the driver’s door will unlock.
When you press UNLOCK on your remote keyless entry
transmitter again within five seconds, all doors and the
liftgate will unlock.)
When your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed in Mode 2. The mode to which the vehicle
has been programmed may have been changed since it
left the factory. To determine the mode to which your
vehicle is programmed or to program your vehicle to a
different mode, do the following:
1. Follow the instructions for “Entering Programming
Mode” listed previously.
2. Press UNLOCK on the remote keyless entry transmitter.
3. Count the number of chimes you hear. The number of
chimes indicates the vehicle’s current programmed
mode. (If you do not wish to change the current mode,
you can either exit the programming mode by
following the instructions later in this section or
program the next feature available on your vehicle.)
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Remote Lock and Unlock Confirmation
With the remote lock and unlock confirmation feature,
your vehicle can do the following:
D When you use the remote keyless entry transmitter to
lock your vehicle, your parking lamps will flash to
let you know the command has been received. If you
press LOCK on the remote keyless entry transmitter
again, the horn will sound and the parking lamps will
flash to let you know your vehicle is locked, and
D when you use the remote keyless entry transmitter to
unlock your vehicle or operate your optional power
sliding door(s), your parking lamps will flash.
2-21
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: Both Features Off (Remote lock and unlock
confirmation are disabled.)
Mode 2: Exterior Lamps Flash Only
D When you use the remote keyless entry transmitter to
lock your vehicle, your parking lamps will flash to
let you know the command has been received.
D When you use the remote keyless entry transmitter to
unlock your vehicle or operate your optional power
sliding door(s), your parking lamps will flash to let
you know the command has been received.
Mode 4: Exterior Lamps Flash and Horn Sound
(on second LOCK Press)
D When you use the remote keyless entry transmitter to
lock your vehicle, your parking lamps will flash to let
you know the command has been received. The horn
will sound and your parking lamps will flash if you
press the LOCK button again within five seconds.
D When you use the remote keyless entry transmitter to
unlock your vehicle or operate your optional power
sliding door(s), your parking lamps will flash to let
you know the command has been received.
D When you use the remote keyless entry transmitter to
When your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed in Mode 4. The mode to which the vehicle
has been programmed may have been changed since it
left the factory. To determine the mode to which your
vehicle is programmed or to program your vehicle to a
different mode, do the following:
D When you use the remote keyless entry transmitter to
1. Follow the instructions for “Entering Programming
Mode” listed previously.
Mode 3: Exterior Lamps Flash and Horn Sound
lock your vehicle, the horn will sound and your
parking lamps will flash to let you know the
command has been received.
unlock your vehicle or operate your optional power
sliding door(s), your parking lamps will flash to let
you know the command has been received.
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2. Press LOCK on the remote keyless entry transmitter.
3. Count the number of chimes you hear. The number of
chimes indicates the vehicle’s current programmed
mode. (If you do not wish to change the current mode,
you can either exit the programming mode by
following the instructions later in this section or
program the next feature available on your vehicle.)
Programmable Modes
4. Press LOCK to change the current mode.
Mode 2: Damage Detection Off (If anyone opens a door
or the liftgate while your content theft-deterrent system
is armed, an alarm will sound and your parking lamps
will flash for up to two minutes.)
5. Press LOCK until you hear the number of chimes
corresponding to the mode selection you want.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Content Theft-Deterrent System
With the content theft-deterrent system, if anyone
damages or enters your vehicle while the system is
armed, the horn will sound and your parking lamps will
flash for two minutes. The content theft shock sensor
detects if anyone damages your vehicle. The shock
sensors sensitivity can be adjusted, by your Chevrolet
dealer, if more or less sensitivity is desired.
Mode 1: Damage Detection with Reduced Sensitivity
(If anyone seriously damages your vehicle or opens a
door or the liftgate while your content theft-deterrent
system is armed, an alarm will sound and your parking
lamps will flash for up to two minutes.)
Mode 3: Feature Off (Your content theft-deterrent
system is always disarmed.)
Mode 4: Damage Detection with Normal Sensitivity
(If anyone damages or enters your vehicle while your content
theft-deterrent system is armed, an alarm will sound and your
parking lamps will flash for up to two minutes.)
When your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed in Mode 4. The mode to which the vehicle
has been programmed may have been changed since it
left the factory. To determine the mode to which your
vehicle is programmed or to program your vehicle to a
different mode, do the following:
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1. Follow the instructions for “Entering Programming
Mode” listed previously.
With the arming and disarming feature, you can program
the vehicle to do the following:
2. Turn the parking lamps on, then off.
D Arm the system when you lock the doors using either
3. Count the number of chimes you hear. The number of
chimes indicates the vehicle’s current programmed
mode. (If you do not wish to change the current mode,
you can either exit the programming mode by
following the instructions later in this section or
program the next feature available on your vehicle.)
4. Turn the parking lamps on, then off to change the
current mode.
5. Turn the parking lamps on, then off until you hear
the number of chimes corresponding to the mode
selection you want.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Arming and Disarming the Content
Theft-Deterrent System
To arm and disarm the content theft-deterrent system,
the system must be turned on by using Modes 1, 2 or 4
listed previously in this section under “Content
Theft-Deterrent System.”
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power door lock switch while any door or the liftgate
is open and the key is removed from the ignition.
D Arm the system when you lock the doors with your
key or remote keyless entry transmitter and the key
is removed from the ignition.
D Disarm the system when you unlock the doors with
your key or remote keyless entry transmitter.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: Power Door Lock Switch Arming Off
D The system will arm when you lock the doors with
your key or remote keyless entry transmitter. The
key must be removed from the ignition when you
lock the doors or the content theft-deterrent system
will not arm.
D The system will disarm when you unlock the doors
with your key or remote keyless entry transmitter.
Mode 2: Remote Keyless Entry Transmitter
Arm/Disarm Only
D The system will arm when you lock the doors with
your remote keyless entry transmitter. The key must be
removed from the ignition when you lock the doors or
the content theft-deterrent system will not arm.
D The system will disarm when you unlock the doors
with your remote keyless entry transmitter.
While this mode provides increased security, it can be a
problem if your remote keyless entry transmitter is
damaged, lost or if it fails to operate for any reason
while the content theft-deterrent system is armed. The
content theft-deterrent system must be disarmed for the
engine to run while in Mode 2; your key can no longer
disarm the system.
If your vehicle is equipped with the OnStarR system,
OnStar will not be able to remotely unlock your vehicle
if it has been programmed to Mode 2.
Mode 3: Standard Arming and Disarming
D The system will arm when you lock the doors using either
power door lock switch while any door or the liftgate is
open and the key is removed from the ignition.
D The system will arm when you lock the doors with
your key or remote keyless entry transmitter and the
key is removed from the ignition.
D The system will disarm when you unlock the doors
with your key or remote keyless entry transmitter.
When your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed in Mode 1. The mode to which the vehicle
has been programmed may have been changed since it
left the factory. To determine the mode to which your
vehicle is programmed or to program your vehicle to a
different mode, do the following:
1. Follow the instructions for “Entering Programming
Mode” listed previously.
2. Insert your spare key fully into any door key cylinder
and turn it to the unlock position.
This step is necessary to prevent accidental
programming of this feature to Mode 2. Do not
program this feature to Mode 2 without first reading
the description for Mode 2 entirely. The door key
cylinder must remain in the unlock position during
Steps 2 through 4.
3. Press the horn symbol on the remote keyless
entry transmitter.
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4. Count the number of chimes you hear. The number of
chimes indicates the vehicle’s current programmed
mode. (If you do not wish to change the current mode,
you can either exit the programming mode by
following the instructions later in this section or
program the next feature available on your vehicle.)
5. Press the horn symbol to change the current mode.
6. Press the horn symbol until you hear the number of
chimes corresponding to the mode selection you want.
7. Remove your key from the door key cylinder.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
next in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Exiting Programming Mode
To exit programming mode, turn the key from
ACCESSORY to OFF and put fuse 47 back into the
instrument panel fuse block.
After programming a feature, you can exit the
programming mode at anytime. Also, if your vehicle is
equipped with the content-theft deterrent system,
remember to arm the system before exiting.
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Dual Sliding Doors
To open either sliding door from outside the vehicle,
pull the handle out and then pull the door toward the
rear. If you slide the door all the way back, the door will
rest in a detent position. The door must overcome this
detent when closing.
To move the door forward, you must first pull the door
past the open detent position.
The driver’s side sliding door is designed to open only a
little if the fuel door is open. If this ever happens, don’t
try to force the sliding door. Just close the driver’s side
sliding door. Then when the fuel filler door is closed, the
driver’s side sliding door can be opened normally.
Sliding Door Lock
CAUTION:
If your vehicle is facing downward on a steep
grade (15 percent or more), the door may not
stay open and could slam shut, possibly injuring
someone. To make sure the door does not slam
shut, be sure to hold it open until everyone is
clear of the door, and only then allow it to
slowly close.
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Power Sliding Door (Option)
With this option, you can open and close the sliding
door(s) using the switches inside of your vehicle.
You can also operate the power sliding door(s) with
your optional remote keyless entry transmitter.
See “Remote Keyless Entry System” in the Index.
CAUTION:
Lock either sliding door from inside the vehicle by
moving the manual lever down. Unlock it by moving the
lever up.
With power door locks, the sliding door lock has a delay
feature. See “Power Door Locks” and “Multifunction
Alarm Locks and Lighting Choices” in the Index.
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Leaving young children or pets unattended in
your vehicle can be dangerous. They could
operate the power sliding door. A child or others
could be injured. Do not leave children or pets
unattended in your vehicle.
To help avoid accidental operation of the sliding door(s),
turn the power to the sliding door off by pushing the
bottom of the power sliding door override switch. If you
have the optional dual power sliding doors, push the
bottom of both power sliding door switches to turn off
the power to both sliding doors.
If you have the optional
power sliding door, this
switch is located in
the overhead
console switchbank.
The power sliding door and the power sliding door
override is one switch. The left switch is for the driver’s
side power sliding door and the right switch is for the
passenger’s side sliding door.
Pushing the bottom of the switch(es) turns the power to
the sliding door(s) off. When the power sliding door(s)
is off, you will not be able to open the door(s) in the
following ways:
D When using the power sliding door switch(es)
located on the overhead console switchbank,
D when using the wall-mounted switch in front of the
driver’s or passenger’s sliding door, or
These switches are located
in the overhead console
switchbank, if you have
the optional dual power
sliding doors.
D when using the optional remote keyless entry transmitter.
NOTICE:
When your vehicle goes through an automatic
car wash, be sure the power sliding door is
turned off. If it isn’t, the power sliding door may
open accidentally.
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To open or close the sliding door(s), press and release
one of the following power door switches.
This switch is mounted on
the wall, just in front of the
driver’s or the passenger’s
side sliding door.
The power sliding door override switch(es) will also
stop the door(s) immediately, while the door(s) is
opening or closing, when the override switch(es) is
turned on.
This switch(es) is located in the overhead
console switchbank.
The power sliding door(s) will only open if the transaxle
is in PARK (P). The transaxle does not have to be in
PARK (P) to close the door.
If the power sliding door(s) is open or in the process of
closing when you shift out of PARK (P), a buzzer will
sound. This is a warning that the sliding door(s) is not
completely closed.
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If the power to the sliding door(s) is turned off, the
buzzer will not sound indicating the door(s) is not
completely closed.
CAUTION:
If you shift the transaxle out of PARK (P) and
accelerate before the power sliding door latches
closed, the door may reverse to the open position.
A child or others could fall out of the vehicle and
be injured. Always make sure the power sliding
door is closed and latched before you drive away.
If anything obstructs the power sliding door while
it is closing, the door will automatically reverse to the
open position, provided it meets sufficient resistance.
Resistance must be as strong as the force of the closing
door, or stronger. The force of the closing door increases
significantly as the door approaches the latched position.
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The driver’s side sliding door is designed to open only a
little if the fuel door is open. If this ever happens, don’t
try to force the sliding door. Just close the driver’s side
sliding door. Then when the fuel filler door is closed, the
driver’s side sliding door can be opened normally.
CAUTION:
You or others could be injured if caught in the
path of the sliding door. Make sure the door path
is clear before closing the door.
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If you want to open the power sliding door(s) when the
override switch(es) is turned off, pull the inside or
outside handle and let go. The door will open fully.
To open the power sliding door(s) when the override
switch(es) is on, pull the inside or outside handle and
slide the door all the way back.
CAUTION:
If your vehicle is facing downward on a steep
grade (15 percent or more), the door may not
stay open and could slam shut, possibly injuring
someone. To make sure the door does not slam
shut, turn on the power sliding door feature.
Then if the door closes, it will close under the
control of the power door system.
If you want to close the power sliding door(s) when the
override switch(es) is turned off, pull the inside or outside
handle or the edge of the door. Move the door about
4 inches (10 cm) toward the closed position and release.
The door will close completely and latch for you.
To close the power sliding door(s) when the override
switch(es) is turned on, pull the inside or outside handle and
slide the door all the way forward to the latched position.
2-33
Sliding Door Security Lock
Your vehicle is equipped with a sliding door security
lock that helps prevent young children or other
passengers from opening the sliding door(s) using the
inside door handle.
The security lock lever is located on the inside of each
sliding door, on the front edge of the door. To access the
lever, open the sliding door. Use the security lock label
on the edge of the door as a guide.
To use the security lock,
move the security lock lever
all the way up and close the
door from the outside.
If your vehicle has the optional power sliding door(s),
you can override the security lock by pressing either
power door switch when the power sliding door override
switch is off. When the override switch(es) is turned on,
the power sliding door(s) cannot be opened from the
inside when the sliding door security lock is in use.
If you want to open the sliding door(s) when the security
lock is on, unlock and open the door from the outside.
You should let adults and older children know how the
security lock works, and how to cancel the lock. If you
don’t, adults or older children who ride in the rear won’t
be able to open the sliding door from the inside when
the security lock feature is in use.
Resetting the Power Sliding Door
The power sliding door may operate incorrectly or not at
all because of the following conditions:
D A low voltage or dead battery,
D disconnecting the battery, or
D if the instrument panel fuse 4 or the underhood
fuse 5, 27 or 29 are removed or blown.
See “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the Index for more
information about your fuse panel.
2-34
If any of these conditions occur, the power sliding door
will need to be reset. If your vehicle has the optional
dual power sliding doors, both doors will have to be
reset. To do this, follow the directions listed here.
It will be easier if you read through them once before
beginning this procedure.
1. Check to be sure the power sliding door is unlocked
and securely closed.
2. Turn the ignition key to OFF.
3. If on, turn the power sliding door override
switch off.
4. Remove fuse 29 from the underhood fuse and relay
center. Leave it out for 30 seconds.
7. Push either of the power door buttons to open the
power sliding door.
8. Open the door.
9. Wait five seconds and close the door by pushing
either power door button.
10. Wait five seconds and repeat Steps 7 through 9.
If the door does not rest in the fully open position
after repeating Step 7, repeat Steps 7 through 9 again.
If the door still does not operate correctly, see your
dealer for service.
Canceling the Sliding Door Security Lock
5. Reinstall the fuse and wait 10 seconds.
1. Unlock the sliding door and open the door from
the outside.
6. Turn the power sliding door override switch on.
2. Move the security lock lever all the way down.
The sliding door lock will now work normally.
2-35
Liftgate
To unlock the liftgate from the outside, turn the key in
the cylinder clockwise. To lock the liftgate using the
key, turn the key counterclockwise.
Open the liftgate using the handle located above the
license plate. Once slightly opened, the liftgate will rise
by itself. Lamps in the rear of the vehicle will come on,
illuminating the rear cargo area. See “Interior Lamps” in
the Index.
NOTICE:
Be sure there are no overhead obstructions, such
as a garage door, before you open the liftgate.
You could slam the liftgate into something and
break the glass.
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CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to drive with the liftgate
open because carbon monoxide (CO) gas can
come into your vehicle. You can’t see or smell
CO. It can cause unconsciousness and even death.
If you must drive with the liftgate open or if
electrical wiring or other cable connections must
pass through the seal between the body and
the liftgate:
D Make sure all other windows are shut.
D Turn the fan on your heating or cooling
system to its highest speed with the setting
on bi-level (outside air button is pressed).
That will force outside air into your vehicle.
See “Comfort Controls” in the Index.
D If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all the way.
See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index.
Theft
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
Although your vehicle has a number of theft-deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put on it can make it
impossible to steal. However, there are ways you can help.
Key in the Ignition
If you leave your vehicle with the keys inside, it’s an
easy target for joy riders or professional thieves -- so
don’t do it.
To close the liftgate, pull down on the handle, then
firmly shut the liftgate. Don’t drive with the liftgate
open, even slightly. See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index.
When you park your vehicle and open the driver’s door,
you’ll hear a chime reminding you to remove your key
from the ignition and take it with you. Always do this.
Your steering wheel will be locked, and so will your
ignition and transaxle. Also remember to lock the doors.
A message in your instrument panel cluster will warn
you if the liftgate is not completely closed. See “Rear
Hatch Ajar Warning Message” in the Index.
2-37
Parking at Night
Content Theft-Deterrent (Option)
Park in a lighted spot, close all windows and lock your
vehicle. Remember to keep your valuables out of sight.
Put them in a storage area, or take them with you.
If your vehicle has this option, it has a theft-deterrent
alarm system.
Parking Lots
Even if you park in a lot where someone will be watching
your vehicle, it’s still best to lock it up and take your key.
But what if you have to leave your key? What if you have
to leave something valuable in your vehicle?
D Put your valuables in a storage area, like your
glove box.
D If your vehicle has a remote keyless entry system,
take the transmitter with you.
D Lock all the doors except the driver’s.
A light located on top of your instrument panel (near the
center of the vehicle, next to the windshield) will flash
slowly to let you know that the system has been armed.
While armed, the doors will not unlock with the power
door lock switch.
2-38
Once armed, the alarm will go off if someone tries to
enter the vehicle (without using the remote keyless entry
transmitter or a key), breaks a window, tries to damage
the vehicle or turns the ignition to ON. The horn will
sound and the parking lamps will flash for up to
two minutes.
When the alarm is armed, the liftgate may be opened
with the remote keyless entry transmitter or with a key.
Arming with the Power Lock Switch
Your alarm system will arm when you use either power
door lock switch to lock the doors while any door or the
liftgate is open and the key is removed from the ignition.
If you would like to turn on power door lock switch
arming, see “Multifunction Alarm Locks and Lighting
Choices” in the Index.
The security light flashes quickly to let you know when
the system is ready to arm with the power door lock
switches. The security light will stop flashing and stay
on when you press the rear of the power door lock
switch, to let you know the system is arming. After all
doors and the liftgate are closed and locked, the security
light will begin flashing at a very slow rate to let you
know the system is armed.
Arming with the Remote Keyless
Entry Transmitter
Your alarm system will arm when you use your remote
keyless entry transmitter to lock the doors, if the key is
not in the ignition. The security light will turn on to let
you know the system is arming. After all doors and the
liftgate are closed and locked, the security light will
begin flashing at a very slow rate to let you know the
system is armed.
Arming with Your Key
Your alarm system will arm when you use your key to
lock the doors. The security light will turn on to let you
know the system is arming. After all doors and the
liftgate are closed and locked, the security light will
begin flashing at a very slow rate to let you know the
system is armed. If you would like your key not to arm
the system, see “Multifunction Alarm Locks and
Lighting Choices” in the Index.
Arming Confirmation
If remote unlock confirmation is on, your parking lamps
will flash to let you know when your alarm system has
disarmed. If you would not like the parking lamps to
flash, see “Multifunction Alarm Locks and Lighting
Choices” in the Index.
2-39
Disarming with the Remote Keyless
Entry Transmitter
Your alarm system will disarm when you use your
remote keyless entry transmitter to unlock the doors.
The security light will stop flashing to let you know the
system is no longer armed.
Disarming with Your Key
Your alarm system will disarm when you use your key
to unlock the doors. The security light will stop flashing
to let you know the system is no longer armed. If you
would like your key not to disarm the alarm system, see
“Multifunction Alarm Locks and Lighting Choices” in
the Index.
2-40
Nuisance Alarms
If you experience nuisance alarms (alarms which are not
caused by the opening of a door or the liftgate and are
not desirable), you may need to reduce the damage
detection sensitivity. Try programming the content
theft-deterrent to Mode 1.
If you continue to experience nuisance alarms, you
may want to try turning off damage detection by
programming your content theft-deterrent to Mode 2.
If you are still having trouble with nuisance alarms, you
can turn off the content theft-deterrent system by
programming your content theft-deterrent to Mode 3.
See “Multifunction Alarm Locks and Lighting Choices”
in the Index for more information. See your dealer or
qualified technician for service.
PASS-KeyR III
Your vehicle is equipped
with the PASS-Key III
(Personalized Automotive
Security System)
theft-deterrent system.
PASS-Key III is a passive
theft-deterrent system. This
means you don’t have to do
anything different to arm or
disarm the system. It works
when you insert or remove
the key from the ignition.
Your PASS-Key III system operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this
device may not cause interference, and (2) this device must
accept any interference received, including interference that
may cause undesired operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than an
authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
PASS-Key III uses a radio frequency transponder in the
key that matches a decoder in your vehicle.
When the PASS-Key III system senses that someone is
using the wrong key, it shuts down the vehicle’s starter
and fuel systems. The starter will not work and fuel will
stop being delivered to the engine. Anyone using a
trial-and-error method to start the vehicle will be
discouraged because of the high number of electrical
key codes.
If the engine does not start and the security message
comes on, the key may have a damaged transponder.
Turn the ignition off and try again.
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If the engine still does not start, and the key appears to
be undamaged, try another ignition key. At this time,
you may also want to check fuse 12. If the engine still
does not start with the other key, your vehicle needs
service. If your vehicle does start, the first key may
be faulty. See your dealer or a locksmith who can
service the PASS-Key III to have a new key made.
See “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the Index.
It is possible for the Pass-Key III decoder to learn the
transponder value of a new or replacement key. Up to
10 additional keys may be programmed for the vehicle.
This procedure is for learning additional keys only. If all
the currently programmed keys are lost or do not
operate, you must see your dealer or a locksmith who
can service PASS-Key III to have keys made and
programmed to the system.
See your dealer or a locksmith who can service
PASS-Key III to get a new key blank that is cut exactly
as the ignition key that operates the system.
To program the new key:
1. Verify the new key has “PK3” stamped on it.
2. Insert the ignition key in the ignition and start the engine.
If the engine will not start see your dealer for service.
3. After the engine has started, turn the key to OFF and
remove the key.
4. Insert the key to be programmed and turn it to RUN
within 10 seconds of removing the previous key.
5. The security message will turn off once the key has
been programmed. It may not be apparent that the
security message went on due to how quickly the key
is programmed.
6. Repeat Steps 1 through 4 if additional keys are to
be programmed.
If you are ever driving and the security message comes on
and stays on, you will be able to restart your engine if you
turn it off. Your PASS-Key III system, however, is not
working properly and must be serviced by your dealer.
Your vehicle is not protected by the PASS-Key III system
at this time.
If you lose or damage a PASS-Key III key, see your
dealer or a locksmith who can service PASS-Key III to
have a new key made. In an emergency, call Chevrolet
Roadside Assistance. See “Roadside Assistance” in the
Index for more information.
2-42
New Vehicle “Break-In”
NOTICE:
Your vehicle doesn’t need an elaborate
“break-in.” But it will perform better in the long
run if you follow these guidelines:
D Don’t drive at any one speed -- fast or
slow -- for the first 500 miles (805 km).
Don’t make full-throttle starts.
D Avoid making hard stops for the first
200 miles (322 km) or so. During this time
your new brake linings aren’t yet broken
in. Hard stops with new linings can mean
premature wear and earlier replacement.
Follow this breaking-in guideline every
time you get new brake linings.
D Don’t tow a trailer during break-in.
See “Towing a Trailer” in the Index for
more information.
Ignition Positions
With the key in the ignition, you can turn the switch to
five positions.
ACCESSORY (A): This is the position in which you can
operate your electrical power accessories. Press in the
ignition switch as you turn the top of the key toward you.
LOCK (B): This is the only position in which you can
remove the key. This position locks your steering wheel,
ignition and transaxle.
2-43
NOTICE:
If your key seems stuck in LOCK and you can’t
turn it, be sure you are using the correct key; if
so, is it all the way in? If it is, then turn the
steering wheel left and right while you turn the
key hard. But turn the key only with your hand.
Using a tool to force it could break the key or the
ignition switch. If none of this works, then your
vehicle needs service.
OFF (C): This position unlocks the steering wheel,
ignition and transaxle, but does not send electrical
power to any accessories. Use this position if your
vehicle must be pushed or towed, but never try to
push-start your vehicle. A warning chime will sound if
you open the driver’s door when the ignition is off and
the key is in the ignition.
2-44
RUN (D): This is the position to which the switch
returns after you start your engine and release the
switch. The switch stays in RUN when the engine is
running. But even when the engine is not running,
you can use RUN to operate your electrical power
accessories, and to display some instrument panel
warning lights.
START (E): This position starts the engine. When the
engine starts, release the key. The ignition switch will
return to RUN for normal driving.
If the engine is not running, ACCESSORY and RUN are
positions that allow you to operate your electrical
accessories, such as the radio.
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
With RAP, the power windows (option), the power rear
quarter windows (if equipped), audio system and the
optional electronic level control (ELC) will continue to
work up to 10 minutes after the ignition key is turned to
OFF and none of the doors are opened.
Starting Your Engine
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine won’t start in any other position -- that’s a
safety feature. To restart when you’re already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only.
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn your
ignition key to START. When the engine starts, let
go of the key. The idle speed will go down as your
engine warms up.
NOTICE:
NOTICE:
Don’t try to shift to PARK (P) if your vehicle is
moving. If you do, you could damage the
transaxle. Shift to PARK (P) only when your
vehicle is stopped.
Holding your key in START for longer than
15 seconds at a time will cause your battery to
be drained much sooner. And the excessive heat
can damage your starter motor. Wait about
15 seconds between each try to help avoid
draining your battery or damaging your starter.
2. If the engine doesn’t start in 10 seconds, push the
accelerator pedal about one-quarter of the way down
while you turn the key to START. Do this until the
engine starts. As soon as it does, let go of the key.
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3. If your engine still won’t start (or starts but then
stops), it could be flooded with too much gasoline.
Try pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to the
floor and holding it there as you hold the key in
START for a maximum of 15 seconds. This clears
the extra gasoline from the engine. If the engine still
won’t start or starts briefly but then stops again,
repeat Step 1 or 2, depending on temperature.
When the engine starts, release the key and the
accelerator pedal.
Engine Coolant Heater (If Equipped)
NOTICE:
Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts or accessories, you could change the way
the engine operates. Before adding electrical
equipment, check with your dealer. If you don’t,
your engine might not perform properly.
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In very cold weather, 0_F (-18_C) or colder, the engine
coolant heater can help. You’ll get easier starting and
better fuel economy during engine warm-up. Usually,
the coolant heater should be plugged in a minimum of
four hours prior to starting your vehicle.
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord. The
electrical cord is located on the driver’s side of the
engine compartment.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt AC outlet.
CAUTION:
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug
and store the cord as it was before to keep it away
from moving engine parts. If you don’t, it could
be damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged
in? The answer depends on the outside temperature, the
kind of oil you have, and some other things. Instead of
trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact
your dealer in the area where you’ll be parking your
vehicle. The dealer can give you the best advice for that
particular area.
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet
could cause an electrical shock. Also, the wrong
kind of extension cord could overheat and cause
a fire. You could be seriously injured. Plug the
cord into a properly grounded three-prong
110-volt AC outlet. If the cord won’t reach, use a
heavy-duty three-prong extension cord rated for
at least 15 amps.
2-47
Automatic Transaxle Operation
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on
the shift lever -- push the shift lever all the way into
PARK (P) as you maintain brake application. Then
move the shift lever into the gear you wish. See
“Shifting Out of PARK (P)” in this section.
CAUTION:
Maximum engine speed is limited when you’re in
PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N), to protect driveline
components from improper operation.
There are several different positions for your shift lever.
PARK (P): This gear position locks your front wheels.
It’s the best position to use when you start your engine
because your vehicle can’t move easily.
Ensure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P) before
starting the engine. Your vehicle has an automatic
transaxle shift lock control system. You have to fully
apply your regular brakes before you can shift from
PARK (P) when the ignition key is in RUN. As you step
on the brake pedal, while in PARK (P), you may hear a
click from the solenoid of the system. This ensures that
the system is operating properly.
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It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the
shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured. To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
move the shift lever to PARK (P).
See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index. If
you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towing a Trailer” in
the Index.
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
CAUTION:
NOTICE:
Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle is
moving forward could damage your transaxle.
Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle
is stopped.
To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of snow,
ice or sand without damaging your transaxle, see
“Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow” in the Index.
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine
doesn’t connect with the wheels. To restart when you’re
already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. Also, use
NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed.
Shifting out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) while
your engine is “racing” (running at high speed) is
dangerous. Unless your foot is firmly on the
brake pedal, your vehicle could move very
rapidly. You could lose control and hit people or
objects. Don’t shift out of PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) while your engine is racing.
NOTICE:
Damage to your transaxle caused by shifting out
of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) with the engine
racing isn’t covered by your warranty.
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AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D): This position is
for normal driving. If you need more power for passing,
and you’re:
D Going less than 35 mph (55 km/h), push your
accelerator pedal about halfway down.
D Going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more, push the
accelerator all the way down.
You’ll shift down to the next gear and have more power.
NOTICE:
If your vehicle seems to start up rather slowly, or
if it seems not to shift gears as you go faster,
something may be wrong with a transaxle system
sensor. If you drive very far that way, your
vehicle can be damaged. So, if this happens, have
your vehicle serviced right away. Until then, you
can use SECOND (2) when you are driving less
than 35 mph (55 km/h) and AUTOMATIC
OVERDRIVE (D) for higher speeds.
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Warm-Up Shift
Your vehicle has a computer controlled transaxle designed
to warm up the engine faster when the outside temperature
is 35_F (2_C) or colder. You may notice that the transaxle
will shift at a higher vehicle speed until the engine is
warmed up. This is a normal condition designed to provide
heat to the passenger compartment and defrost the
windows more quickly. See “Comfort Controls, Heating”
in the Index for more information.
THIRD (3): This position is also used for normal
driving, but it offers more power and lower fuel
economy than AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D).
Here are some times you might choose THIRD (3)
instead of AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D):
D When driving on hilly, winding roads.
D When towing a trailer (so there is less shifting
between gears).
D When going down a steep hill.
SECOND (2): This position gives you more power, but
lower fuel economy. You can use SECOND (2) on hills.
It can help control your speed as you go down steep
mountain roads, but then you would also want to use
your brakes off and on.
NOTICE:
Don’t drive in SECOND (2) for more than 25 miles
(40 km), or at speeds over 55 mph (90 km/h), or
you can damage your transaxle. Use THIRD (3) or
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D) as much as
possible. Don’t shift into SECOND (2) unless you
are going slower than 65 mph (105 km/h) or you
can damage your engine.
NOTICE:
If your vehicle seems to start up rather slowly, or
if it seems not to shift gears as you go faster,
something may be wrong with a transaxle system
sensor. If you drive very far that way, your
vehicle can be damaged. So, if this happens, have
your vehicle serviced right away. Until then, you
can use SECOND (2) when you are driving less
than 35 mph (55 km/h) and THIRD (3) for
higher speeds.
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FIRST (1): This position gives you even more
power (but lower fuel economy) than SECOND (2).
You can use it on very steep hills, or in deep snow or
mud. If the selector lever is put in FIRST (1), the
transaxle won’t downshift into first gear until the vehicle
is going slow enough.
Parking Brake
The parking brake is located
on the driver’s side under
the instrument panel.
NOTICE:
If your front wheels can’t turn, don’t try to drive.
This might happen if you were stuck in very deep
sand or mud or were up against a solid object.
You could damage your transaxle.
Also, if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold
your vehicle there with only the accelerator
pedal. This could overheat and damage the
transaxle. Use your brakes or shift into PARK (P)
to hold your vehicle in position on a hill.
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To set the parking brake, hold the regular brake pedal
down with your right foot and push down on the parking
brake pedal with your left foot.
If the ignition is on, the brake system warning light will
come on. See “Brake System Warning Light” in the Index.
To release the parking brake, hold the regular brake pedal
down with your right foot while you push down on the
parking brake pedal with your left foot. (To release the
tension on the parking brake cable, you will need to apply
about the same amount of pressure to the parking brake
pedal as you did when you set the parking brake.) When
you remove your foot from the parking brake pedal, it will
pop up to the released position.
NOTICE:
Driving with the parking brake on can cause
your rear brakes to overheat. You may have to
replace them, and you could also damage other
parts of your vehicle.
If you are towing a trailer and are parking on any hill,
see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index. That section shows
what to do first to keep the trailer from moving.
Shifting Into PARK (P)
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
If you have left the engine running, the vehicle
can move suddenly. You or others could be
injured. To be sure your vehicle won’t move, even
when you’re on fairly level ground, use the steps
that follow. If you’re pulling a trailer, see
“Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot and
set the parking brake with your left foot.
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2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) like this:
D Move the lever up as far as it will go.
D Pull the lever toward you.
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3. Turn the ignition key to LOCK.
4. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
leave your vehicle with the ignition key in your
hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).
Leaving Your Vehicle With the
Engine Running
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with
the engine running. Your vehicle could move
suddenly if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P)
with the parking brake firmly set. And, if you
leave the vehicle with the engine running, it could
overheat and even catch fire. You or others could
be injured. Don’t leave your vehicle with the
engine running unless you have to.
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and your
parking brake is firmly set before you leave it. After
you’ve moved the shift lever into PARK (P), hold the
regular brake pedal down. Then, see if you can move the
shift lever away from PARK (P) without first pulling it
toward you. If you can, it means that the shift lever
wasn’t fully locked into PARK (P).
Torque Lock
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your
transaxle into PARK (P) properly, the weight of the
vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl in
the transaxle. You may find it difficult to pull the shift
lever out of PARK (P). This is called “torque lock.” To
prevent torque lock, set the parking brake and then shift
into PARK (P) properly before you leave the driver’s
seat. To find out how, see “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in
the Index.
When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever out of
PARK (P) before you release the parking brake.
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have another
vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some of the
pressure from the parking pawl in the transaxle, so you
can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).
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Shifting Out of PARK (P)
Parking Over Things That Burn
Your vehicle has an automatic transaxle shift lock
control system. You have to fully apply your regular
brakes before you can shift from PARK (P), when the
ignition is in RUN.
As you step on the brake pedal, while in PARK (P),
you may hear a click from the solenoid of the system.
This ensures that the system is operating properly.
See “Automatic Transaxle Operation” in the Index.
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on
the shift lever by pushing it all the way into PARK (P)
as you maintain brake application. Then move the shift
lever into the gear you want. If you ever hold the brake
pedal down but still can’t shift out of PARK (P), try this:
1. Turn the ignition key to OFF.
2. Apply and hold the brake until the end of Step 4.
3. Shift to NEUTRAL (N).
4. Start the engine and then shift to the drive gear
you want.
5. Have the vehicle fixed as soon as you can.
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CAUTION:
Things that can burn could touch hot exhaust
parts under your vehicle and ignite. Don’t park
over papers, leaves, dry grass or other things that
can burn.
Engine Exhaust
CAUTION:
Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the gas
carbon monoxide (CO), which you can’t see or
smell. It can cause unconsciousness and death.
You might have exhaust coming in if:
D Your exhaust system sounds strange
or different.
D Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
D Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
D Your vehicle was damaged when driving over
high points on the road or over road debris.
D Repairs weren’t done correctly.
D Your vehicle or exhaust system had been
modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into
your vehicle:
D Drive it only with all the windows down to
blow out any CO; and
D Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
Running Your Engine While
You’re Parked
It’s better not to park with the engine running. But if you
ever have to, here are some things to know.
CAUTION:
Idling the engine with the climate control system
off could allow dangerous exhaust into
your vehicle. See the earlier Caution under
“Engine Exhaust.”
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) into your vehicle even if
the fan switch is at the highest setting. One place
this can happen is a garage. Exhaust -- with
CO -- can come in easily. NEVER park in a
garage with the engine running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.
See “Blizzard” in the Index.
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CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you’ve left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured. To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
move the shift lever to PARK (P).
Horn
You can sound the horn by pressing the horn symbols on
your steering wheel.
Tilt Wheel
A tilt steering wheel allows you to adjust the steering
wheel before you drive. You can also raise it to the
highest level to give your legs more room when you exit
and enter the vehicle.
To tilt the wheel, hold the
steering wheel and pull the
lever located on the left side
of the steering wheel console.
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle won’t
move. See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index.
If you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towing a Trailer” in
the Index.
Move the steering wheel to a comfortable level, then
release the lever to lock the wheel in place.
2-58
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Turn Signal and Lane-Change Indicator
The turn signal has two upward (for right) and two
downward (for left) positions. These positions allow you
to signal a turn or a lane change.
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or down.
When the turn is finished, the lever will return automatically.
An arrow on the instrument
panel cluster will flash in
the direction of the turn or
lane change.
The lever on the left side of the steering column
includes the following:
D
D
D
D
D
Turn Signal and Lane-Change Indicator
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
Flash-to-Pass
To signal a lane change, just raise or lower the lever
until the arrow starts to flash. Hold it there until you
complete your lane change. The lever will return by
itself when you release it.
As you signal a turn or a lane change, if the arrow
flashes faster than normal, a signal bulb may be burned
out and other drivers won’t see your turn signal.
Windshield Wiper and Washer Control
Cruise Control (Option)
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If a bulb is burned out, replace it to help avoid an
accident. If the arrows don’t go on at all when you
signal a turn, check for burned-out bulbs and check the
fuse. See “Bulb Replacement” and “Fuses and Circuit
Breakers” in the Index.
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
To change the headlamps from high to low beam, or low
to high, simply pull the turn signal lever all the way
toward you. Then release it.
When the high beams
are on, this light on the
instrument panel cluster
will also be on.
If you have a trailer towing option with added wiring for
the trailer lamps, the signal indicator will flash at a
normal rate even if a turn signal bulb is burned out.
Check the front and rear turn signal lamps regularly to
make sure they are working.
Turn Signal on Chime
If either turn signal is left on for more than
3/4 mile (1.2 km), a chime will sound to let the driver
know to turn it off.
If you need to leave the signal on for more than 3/4 mile
(1.2 km), turn off the signal and then turn it back on.
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Your fog lamps will turn off when you switch to high
beams. Using your high beams in fog is not recommended.
Flash-to-Pass
When the headlamps are off, pull the lever toward you
to momentarily switch on the high beams (to signal that
you are going to pass). When you release the lever, they
will turn off.
Windshield Wipers
Windshield Washer
You control the windshield wipers by turning the band
marked WIPER.
To wash your windshield, press and hold the windshield
washer paddle. The washers and wipers will operate.
When you release the paddle, the washers will stop, and
the wipers will continue to operate for two cycles, unless
your wipers had already been on. In that case, the wipers
will resume the wiper speed you had selected earlier.
For a single wiping cycle, turn the band to MIST. Hold
it there until the wipers start, then let go. The wipers will
stop after one cycle. If you want more cycles, hold the
band on mist longer.
For a delayed wiping cycle, you can set the wiper speed
for a long or short delay between wipes. This can be
very useful in light rain or snow. Turn the band to
choose the delay time. The closer to LOW, the shorter
the delay time.
For steady wiping cycles, at low speed, turn the band
away from you to the LOW position. For high-speed
wiping, turn the band further to HIGH. To stop the
wipers, turn the band to OFF.
CAUTION:
In freezing weather, don’t use your washer until
the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the washer
fluid can form ice on the windshield, blocking
your vision.
Remember that damaged wiper blades may prevent you
from seeing well enough to drive safely. To avoid damage,
be sure to clear ice and snow from the wiper blades before
using them. If they’re frozen to the windshield, carefully
loosen or thaw them. If your blades do become damaged,
get new blades or blade inserts.
Heavy snow or ice can overload your wipers. A circuit
breaker will stop them until the motor cools. Clear away
snow or ice to prevent an overload.
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Rear Window Washer/ Wiper (If Equipped)
The rear window wiper
switch is located in
the instrument
panel switchbank.
To wash the rear window when the rear wiper is already
on, push on the top of the switch with the wash
symbol on it. Push in the bottom of the switch to
continue the intermittent wiper cycle after the washing
cycle is completed.
Cruise Control (Option)
With cruise control, you can maintain a speed of about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more without keeping your foot on
the accelerator. This can really help on long trips.
Cruise control does not work at speeds below about
25 mph (40 km/h).
When you apply your brakes, the cruise control disengages.
Push the wiper symbol on the bottom of the switch to
turn on the intermittent wiper. To turn off the wiper,
gently push the top of the switch.
To wash and wipe the rear window, push in the washer
symbol on the top of the switch. Washer fluid will spray
as long as the switch is held in. When the top of the
switch is released, the wiper will continue to cycle three
more times. There is only one windshield washer fluid
reservoir for the front and rear windshield wipers.
See “Windshield Washer Fluid” in the Index.
2-62
Setting Cruise Control
CAUTION:
D Cruise control can be dangerous where you
D
can’t drive safely at a steady speed. So,
don’t use your cruise control on winding
roads or in heavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on
slippery roads. On such roads, fast changes
in tire traction can cause needless wheel
spinning, and you could lose control.
Don’t use cruise control on slippery roads.
CAUTION:
If you leave your cruise control switch on when
you’re not using cruise, you might hit a button
and go into cruise when you don’t want to. You
could be startled and even lose control. Keep the
cruise control switch off until you want to use
cruise control.
1. Move the cruise control switch to ON.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the optional
traction control system begins to limit wheel spin, the
cruise control will automatically disengage. See
“Traction Control System” in the Index. When road
conditions allow you to safely use it again, you may turn
the cruise control back on.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
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You’ll go right back up to your chosen speed and
stay there.
If you hold the switch at R/A, the vehicle will keep
going faster until you release the switch or apply the
brake. So, unless you want to go faster, don’t hold the
switch at R/A.
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise Control
There are two ways to go to a higher speed:
D Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher speed.
Push the SET button at the end of the lever, then
release the button and the accelerator pedal.
You’ll now cruise at the higher speed.
3. Push in the SET button at the end of the lever and
release it.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
Resuming a Set Speed
Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired speed and
then you apply the brake. This, of course, shuts off the cruise
control. But you don’t need to reset it. Once you’re going
about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more, you can move the cruise
control switch from ON to R/A (resume/accel) briefly.
2-64
D Move the cruise switch from ON to R/A. Hold it
there until you get up to the speed you want, and
then release the switch. (To increase your speed in
very small amounts, move the switch to R/A briefly
and then release it. Each time you do this, your
vehicle will go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.)
The accelerate feature will work whether or not you
have set an initial cruise control speed.
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise Control
Using Cruise Control on Hills
There are two ways to reduce speed while using
cruise control:
How well your cruise control will work on hills depends
upon your speed, load and the steepness of the hills.
When going up steep hills, you may have to step on the
accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When going
downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear
to keep your speed down. Of course, applying the brake
takes you out of cruise control. Many drivers find this to
be too much trouble and don’t use cruise control on
steep hills.
D Push in the SET button at the end of the lever until
you reach the lower speed you want, then release it.
D To slow down in very small amounts, push the
SET button briefly. Each time you do this, you’ll go
1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed. When
you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow
down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.
Ending Cruise Control
There are two ways to turn off the cruise control:
D Step lightly on the brake pedal, or
D move the cruise switch to OFF.
Erasing Cruise Speed Memory
When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition,
your cruise control set speed memory is erased.
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Exterior Lamps
Turning the control to this setting turns on the
headlamps, together with the following:
D
D
D
D
Parking Lamps
Sidemarker Lamps
Taillamps
Instrument Panel Lights
Turning the control to this setting turns off all the
lamps and lights.
Lamps on Reminder
If the driver’s door is opened and you turn the ignition
to OFF or LOCK while leaving the lamps on, you will
hear a warning chime.
Daytime Running Lamps
The exterior lamp control is located to the left of the
steering column.
Turning the control to this setting turns on
the following:
D Parking Lamps
D Sidemarker Lamps
D Taillamps
D Instrument Panel Lights
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Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier
for others to see the front of your vehicle during the
day. DRL can be helpful in many different driving
conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the
short periods after dawn and before sunset. Fully
functional daytime running lights are required on all
vehicles first sold in Canada.
A light sensor on top of the instrument panel makes the
DRL work, so be sure it isn’t covered. The DRL system
will make front parking and turn signal lamps come on
in daylight when the following conditions are met:
D The ignition is on,
D the headlamp control is off, and
D the parking brake is released.
When the DRL are on, only your front parking and turn
signal lamps will be on. Your instrument panel won’t be
lit up.
When it’s dark enough outside, the exterior lamps will
come on automatically. When it’s bright enough outside,
the exterior lamps will turn off and the DRL will turn
on. Of course, you may still turn on the headlamps any
time you need to.
Interior Lamps
Instrument Panel Intensity Control
Turn the thumbwheel, located below the headlamps
control, clockwise to increase the brightness of the
instrument panel lights, and counterclockwise to
decrease the brightness. Turn the thumbwheel all the
way counterclockwise to turn them off.
Interior Lamps Control
Turn the thumbwheel all the way clockwise to turn on
the interior lamps, if the interior lamps override switch
is off. Turn the thumbwheel counterclockwise to turn the
lamps off.
To idle your vehicle with the DRL off, set the parking
brake while the ignition is in OFF or LOCK. Then start
the vehicle. The DRL will stay off until you release the
parking brake.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need it.
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Interior Lamps Override Switch
This switch is located
in the overhead
console switchbank.
Illuminated Entry
With illuminated entry, the interior of your vehicle is
illuminated so you can see inside before you enter your
vehicle. The lamps will come on for 40 seconds if you
unlock your door using your key or the optional remote
keyless entry transmitter and the ignition is in LOCK or
OFF. After 40 seconds have passed, the interior lamps
will slowly fade out. The lamps will turn off before the
40 seconds if you do one of the following:
D Lock all the doors using the key,
D press LOCK on the power door lock switch, or
D press LOCK on the optional remote keyless
entry transmitter.
Press the symbol on the bottom of the switch to override
control of the interior lamps and turn off power to the
courtesy lamps, reading lamps, visor vanity lamps (if
equipped) and glove box lamp. This feature allows you
to have the lamps off when any door is open.
When any door is opened, illuminated entry is cancelled.
The interior lamps will stay on while any door or the
liftgate is open, and slowly fade out when all doors and
the liftgate are closed.
Press the top of the interior lamps override switch to
turn power back on to the interior lamps. This will allow
the lamps to stay on when any door is open.
The interior lamps may stay on for up to 25 seconds
after all doors have been closed if they have not been
locked. See “Delayed Illumination” later in this section.
To turn the exit lighting feature off or on, see
“Multifunction Alarm Locks and Lighting Choices”
in the Index.
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Delayed Illumination
Exit Lighting
The delayed illumination feature will continue to
illuminate the interior for 25 seconds after all doors have
been closed so that you can find your ignition and
buckle your safety belt at night. Delayed illumination
will not occur while the ignition is in RUN or
ACCESSORY. After 25 seconds have passed, the
interior lamps will slowly fade out. The lamps will fade
out before the 25 seconds have passed if you do one of
the following:
With exit lighting, the interior lamps will come on for
about 25 seconds whenever you remove the key from
the ignition. If you turn the ignition key to RUN or
ACCESSORY, the lamps will fade out. The lamps
will also fade out if you lock the doors with the power
door lock switch or the optional remote keyless
entry transmitter.
D Turn the ignition to RUN or ACCESSORY,
D lock all doors using the optional remote keyless
entry transmitter, or
D lock all the doors using the power door lock switch
or the key.
To turn the delayed illumination feature off or on, see
“Multifunction Alarm Locks and Lighting Choices” in
the Index.
When any door is opened, exit lighting is cancelled. The
interior lamps will stay on while any door or the liftgate
is open, and slowly fade out when all doors and the
liftgate are closed.
The interior lamps may stay on for up to 25 seconds
after all doors have been closed if they have not been
locked. See “Delayed Illumination” earlier in
this section.
To turn the exit lighting feature off or on, see
“Multifunction Alarm Locks and Lighting Choices”
in the Index.
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Front Reading Lamps
Rear Reading Lamps
There are two reading lamps in the third row headliner,
above the outboard seating positions.
To turn on or off either reading lamp, press the lens
of the lamp.
If your vehicle does not have dual sliding doors, there is
also a reading lamp in the second row, integrated within
the dome lamp. To turn on or off either reading lamp,
press the button next to the lamp lens.
The rear reading lamps will not turn on if the interior
lamps override switch is on. See “Interior Lamps
Override Switch” in the Index.
Dome Lamp
There are two reading lamps in the overhead console.
To turn either reading lamp on or off, press the lens of
the lamp. These lamps will come on each time you open
a door, unless you turn on the interior lamps override
feature. See “Interior Lamps Override Switch” in
the Index.
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The dome lamp is located in the center of your vehicle and
has two buttons to manually turn on and off the lamp.
The dome lamp will come on each time you open a door,
unless you turn on the interior lamps override feature.
See “Interior Lamps Override Switch” in the Index.
Cargo Lamp
The cargo lamp is located in the rear of your vehicle,
above the liftgate opening, and does not have a switch.
The cargo lamp will come on each time you open a
door, unless you turn on the interior lamps override.
See “Interior Lamps Override Switch” in the Index.
Battery Saver
Your vehicle has a feature to help prevent you from
draining the battery, in case you accidentally leave the
interior lamps on. If you leave any interior lamps on
while the ignition is in LOCK or OFF, they will
automatically turn off after 10 minutes. The lamps won’t
come back on again until you do one of the following:
Power Remote Control Mirrors
The control, located on the
driver’s door, operates both
outside rearview mirrors.
D Turn the ignition to RUN or ACCESSORY,
D turn the interior lamps thumbwheel all the way
clockwise, then slightly back counterclockwise, or
D open (or close and reopen) a door that is closed.
If your vehicle has less than 15 miles (25 km) on the
odometer, the battery saver will turn off the lamps after
only three minutes.
Mirrors
Inside Day/Night Rearview Mirror
To reduce glare from lights behind you, pull the lever
toward you (to the night position). To return the mirror
to the day position, push the lever away from you.
Turn the control counterclockwise to select the
driver’s side rearview mirror, or clockwise to select the
passenger’s side rearview mirror. Then use the control to
adjust each mirror so that you can see a little of the side
of your vehicle when you are sitting in a comfortable
driving position.
If you are not adjusting either mirror, leave the control
in the center off position. This prevents moving the
mirrors accidentally once you have them adjusted.
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Both outside mirrors can be folded forward or rearward.
In the rearward position, they will fold almost flush with
the vehicle. This feature is particularly useful in
automatic car washes.
Your mirrors have a blue tint to reduce glare while
driving at night.
Convex Outside Mirror
Your passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex
mirror’s surface is curved so you can see more from the
driver’s seat.
Heated Outside Mirrors (If Equipped)
The outside rearview mirrors are heated when you
activate the rear window defogger. See “Rear Window
Defogger” in the Index.
Storage Compartments
Your vehicle’s large carrying capacity can store many
items. If you have the extended wheelbase version, you
can carry things as large as a 4i x 8i piece of plywood.
You can also use the floor pins that are used to attach the
seats, to secure larger loads.
Glove Box
CAUTION:
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you
could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your
inside mirror or glance over your shoulder before
changing lanes.
Your vehicle has a glove box below the instrument
panel. To open the glove box, lift the latch release.
Use the key to lock or unlock the glove box.
The glove box door has a detent to prevent the door
from lowering too far. Open the glove box until the door
is partway open, then pull the door down if you need it
fully open. To close the glove box, the door must be
pushed up past the detent.
In the door of the glove box, you will find a tissue pack
holder and clip for a pen or pencil.
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Compact Overhead Console (Canada Only)
The front overhead console includes two reading
lamps, a storage compartment and the overhead
console switchbank.
Overhead Console (Option)
The optional front overhead console has reading lamps, the
overhead console switchbank, storage compartments,
garage door opener compartment, the OnStarR System
buttons, the optional Driver Information Center (DIC) and
the optional HomelinkR Transmitter buttons. If your
vehicle has the optional HomelinkR Transmitter buttons,
they will take the place of the garage door opener
compartment. The garage door opener compartment is
explained next. For information on the other features
listed, see each of them in the Index.
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Garage Door Opener Compartment
You can store your garage door opener in the rear
compartment of your overhead console, and operate it
from this position. To install your garage door opener,
follow these instructions:
1. Open the compartment by pressing the latch forward.
2. Peel the protective backing from the hook and loop
fastener and press it firmly to the back of your
garage door opener.
3. Line up the button of the garage door opener with
one of the four buttons on the compartment door.
Make sure the garage door opener button is facing
down and press the opener firmly into place.
4. Once the opener is installed, use the black pegs inside
the compartment door to make sure the lined area on
the compartment door will contact the control button
on your garage door opener when pressed.
5. Add one peg at a time until your garage door opener
operates with the compartment door closed when
you press the button.
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Storage Bin
Removing and Replacing the Tray
At the base of the center instrument panel console, there
is a storage bin. To open the bin, lift the latch release
and the door will fold down.
Inside the bin, you will find a tray that slides out. Slide
the tray all the way toward the rear of the vehicle until
the tray locks onto the plastic tabs at the end of the guide
rails. The tray can hold CDs or cassettes in the center
area. You can also store cassettes in the left and right
side area. The tray can be removed for cleaning or when
you want to replace the selection of CDs or cassettes.
Slide the tray back into the storage bin before closing
the bin door. The tray can also be placed in the glove
box for locked storage if desired.
To remove the tray, slide it almost all the way out.
Don’t let the tray lock over the plastic tabs at the end of
the guide rails (A). Lift the tray out of the guide rails.
The rubber mat under the tray also lifts out for cleaning.
When the rubber mat is put back in, be sure the tabs at
the back of the mat are seated in the slots at the back of
the storage bin.
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The dividers in the tray can be removed by squeezing
the plastic tabs on the bottom of the dividers, while
pulling up. Put the dividers back in by sliding them
down until the tabs click into place.
To reinstall the tray, line up the guides on the bottom of
the tray with the guide rails in the storage bin door. Slide
the tray back in.
Front Seat Storage Bin
The storage bin is located under the manual front
passenger’s seat. To open the bin, lift the handle and
slide the drawer out.
Cupholders
There are cupholders located below the center console
switchbank. The cupholders have removeable liners for
larger size cups and for cleaning the cupholders.
To use the cupholders, simply pull down the tray.
Keep the tray up when not in use.
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Rear Storage Compartments
and Cupholders
Your vehicle has a storage compartment and may have a
cupholder on the driver’s side of the vehicle, next to the
third row seat(s).
Your vehicle also has cupholders on the bottom inboard
side of the second row captain’s chairs (if equipped).
The seatbacks have cupholders that can be used when
the seatbacks are folded forward.
Convenience Net (Option)
The optional convenience net is designed to help keep small
loads, like grocery bags, from falling over during sharp turns
or quick stops and starts. Install the convenience net at the
rear of your vehicle, inside the liftgate.
The side of the convenience net closest to the front of the
vehicle is higher than the side closest to the liftgate. Once
you’ve loaded items into the net, stretch the higher side of the
net up and over the top of the load to hold it firmly in place.
Attach the upper loops to the posts on either side of the
liftgate opening (the label on the net should be in the
upper left corner). Attach the lower hooks to the metal
rings on the floor.
The convenience net has a maximum capacity of 100 lbs.
(45 kg). It is not designed to hold larger, heavier loads.
Store such loads on the floor of your vehicle, as far
forward as you can.
When not in use, it is recommended that you take down
the convenience net to extend the life of the net and help
retain the elasticity, and to keep the rear exit clear. Store
the net in the pouch behind either front seat or in one of
the side convenience nets.
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Side Convenience Nets
Front Seat Storage Net
The side convenience nets are designed to hold smaller
items (about 8 lbs. (4 kg)) than the large convenience
net. Attach the loops to the posts on the rear side panels,
near the jack storage area.
There is a storage net that stretches between the front
seats. Pull the hooks toward the passenger’s seat and
insert them into the holes.
When not in use, it is recommended that you take
down the convenience nets to extend their life and retain
their elasticity.
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To store the net, lift the hooks up and out of the holes.
The net does not detach from the driver’s seat.
When not in use, it is recommended that you unhook the
net to extend its life and retain its elasticity.
Convenience Center (Option)
CAUTION:
If the convenience center isn’t secured properly,
it can move around in a collision or sudden stop.
People in the vehicle could be injured. Be sure to
secure the convenience center properly.
The convenience center comes with the optional
stowable seat. It provides extra storage space for the rear
of the vehicle.
To open the convenience center, pull up on the door
latch located in the front. The convenience center cover
has two automatic prop rods to hold it up and in place.
To close the convenience center cover you must pull one
of the prop rod linkages toward you while holding onto
the door latch and lower the convenience center cover to
close it.
Removing the Convenience Center
1. Make sure that all items are off of the convenience
center and that it is empty.
2. Turn the hand knob counterclockwise until the knob
is loose.
3. Lift up on the hand knob to grab a hold of the
convenience center.
4. Lift up on the convenience center while pulling it
toward you and pull it out.
Replacing the Convenience Center
1. The stowable seat must be properly installed in the
vehicle. See “Stowable Seat” in the Index for more
information. If the stowable seat is not in the vehicle with
the convenience center, the convenience center will not
be locked into the correct position in the vehicle.
2. Make sure that the convenience center is closed.
3. Lift the convenience center up and into the rear of
the vehicle.
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The tray sill can be folded down onto the stowable seat
to close the space between the two when the stowable
seat is folded down. To do this, flip the sill plate up and
over toward the stowable seat.
The cover of the convenience center can be left in its
upright position while the vehicle is moving.
The convenience center has six hooks on the inside
cover for hanging items on. The prop rods can hold up
to 49 lbs. (21.8 kg) on the cover of the convenience
center while in the upright position.
The convenience center and the stowable seat both have
a maximum weight capacity of 400 lbs. (181.6 kg).
4. Put the tray sill, located on the back of the
convenience center, to the upright position.
NOTICE:
5. Slide the convenience center in and align it so that
the forks, located on the bottom rear of the
convenience center, slide into the seat anchors.
Your warranty does not cover parts or
components that fail because of overloading.
6. Press down on the front of the convenience center so
the center locates on the sill mounting bracket.
7. Turn the hand knob clockwise until the knob is tight.
8. Pull up on the convenience center to make sure it is
locked into place.
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Luggage Carrier (Option)
CAUTION:
If you try to carry something on top of your
vehicle that is longer or wider than the luggage
carrier -- like paneling, plywood, a mattress, and
so forth -- the wind can catch it as you drive
along. This can cause you to lose control. What
you are carrying could be violently torn off, and
this could cause you or other drivers to have a
collision, and of course damage your vehicle. You
may be able to carry something like this inside.
But, never carry something longer or wider than
the luggage carrier on top of your vehicle.
If you have the optional luggage carrier, you can load
things on top of your vehicle. The luggage carrier has
slats and side rails attached to the roof, as well as sliding
crossrails and places to use for tying things down. These
let you load some things on top of your vehicle, as long
as they are not wider or longer than the luggage carrier.
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NOTICE:
Loading cargo that weighs more than
150 lbs. (68 kg) on the luggage carrier may
damage your vehicle.
When you carry cargo on the luggage carrier of a
proper size and weight, put it on the slats, as far
forward as you can. Then slide the crossrail up
against the rear of the load, to help keep it from
moving. You can then tie it down.
Don’t exceed the maximum vehicle capacity when
loading your vehicle. For more information on vehicle
capacity and loading, see “Loading Your Vehicle” in
the Index.
To prevent damage or loss of cargo as you’re driving,
check now and then to make sure the luggage carrier and
cargo are still securely fastened.
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Your luggage carrier has
release knobs set in the ends
of each crossrail.
After repositioning the crossrails, be sure to tighten the
release knobs by turning them clockwise. This will lock
the crossrails in place.
Use the tie-down loops on
the slider to help secure
large loads.
Turn the release knobs counterclockwise to unlock the
crossrails. Slide the crossrails forward or back, as
needed, to accommodate loads of various sizes.
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Sun Visors
Accessory Inflator System (Option)
To block out glare, you can swing down the visors. You
can also remove them from the center mount and swing
them to the side.
Your vehicle may have an air inflator. With it, you can
inflate things like air mattresses and basketballs, and you
can also use it to bring your tires up to the proper pressure.
Visor Vanity Mirrors
The air inflator is located in the rear compartment on the
driver’s side. To remove the cover, pull the tab on the
cover and pull it off.
Pull down the sun visor. Flip up the cover to expose the
vanity mirror.
Lighted Visor Vanity Mirrors (If Equipped)
Pull down the sun visor. Flip up the cover to expose the
vanity mirror. The lamps will come on when you open
the cover.
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The air inflator kit is stored in the glove box. It includes
a 20-foot (6 m) hose with an air pressure gage and
nozzle adapters.
CAUTION:
Inflating something too much can make it
explode, and you or others could be injured. Be
sure to read the inflator instructions, and inflate
any object only to its recommended pressure.
To use your air inflator system, do the following:
1. Turn the ignition key to ACCESSORY or START.
2. Attach the appropriate nozzle adapter, if required, to
the end of the hose that has the pressure gage.
3. Then attach that end of the hose to the object you
wish to inflate.
4. Remove the protective cap covering the outlet.
5. Attach the other end of the hose to the outlet.
6. Press the ON switch.
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If the air inflator system does not turn on, the fuse may
be blown or installed incorrectly. See “Fuses and Circuit
Breakers” in the Index or see your dealer for service.
Your air inflator will automatically shut off after about
10 minutes. To reset, press the ON switch again.
Don’t run your air inflator for longer than 30 minutes at
one time. If you do, you may damage the system. After
30 minutes, wait at least 10 minutes before restarting the
air inflator.
Accessory Power Outlets
Accessory power outlets can be used to plug in electrical
equipment such as a cellular telephone, CB radio, etc.
Follow the proper installation instructions that are
included with any electrical equipment you install.
The front accessory power outlets are located below the
cupholders. Pull the cover down to use the power outlet.
When not in use, keep the cover on.
To turn off the inflator, do the following:
1. Press OFF and detach the hose, first from the
inflated object, then from the outlet.
2. Put the protective cap back on.
3. Place the inflator kit tools in the pouch, and store in
the glove box.
To put the cover back on, line up the tabs at the back of
the cover and put it in place. Push down the tab to
secure the cover.
The rear accessory power outlet is located in the rear
compartment on the driver’s side. To remove the cover,
pull the tab on the cover and pull it off.
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To put the cover back on the rear accessory power outlet,
line up the tabs at the back of the cover and put the cover
in place. Push down the tab to secure the cover.
When not in use, always cover the rear accessory power
outlet with the protective cap.
NOTICE:
OnStarR System (If Equipped)
OnStar is a vehicle communications system that
offers a variety of services and provides a hands-free
communication link between you and the OnStar Center.
A service subscription agreement and fee are required in
order to receive OnStar service. Services are available
24 hours a day, 7 days a week. For more information,
call 1-888-ONSTAR-7 (1-888-667-8277).
When using the accessory power outlet:
D Maximum load of any electrical equipment
should not exceed 20 amps.
D Be sure to turn off any electrical equipment
when not in use. Leaving electrical
equipment on for extended periods can
drain your battery.
Certain accessory power plugs may not be compatible to
the accessory power outlet and could result in blown
vehicle or adapter fuses. If you experience a problem see
your dealer for additional information on the accessory
power plugs.
OnStar Services Button: Press this button once to
contact an advisor who will be able to assist you with
these services. If you are not quickly connected, the
system will automatically reset and redial. This ensures
connection to the center; there is no additional action
required. Press the Call Answer/End button to cancel the
automatic redial.
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Emergency Button: In an emergency situation,
press the emergency service button. Upon receiving the
call, an advisor at the center will locate your vehicle and
assess the situation. If necessary, the advisor will alert
the nearest emergency service provider.
Call ANSWER/END Button: Use this button
to answer a call. (If you are receiving a call, the audio
system will mute, and the ring will be heard). Press this
button at the end of a call to disconnect and return the
audio system to its previous settings. This button will
also cancel a call if one of the buttons is accidentally
pressed or if the automatic redial function is activated.
Volume Control: You can control the volume of the OnStar
System using either the volume control knob on the radio or,
if equipped, the steering wheel volume control.
Telltale Light: This light will indicate the status of
the system. A solid green light will come on when you
start the vehicle to let you know that the system is on
and is ready to make or receive calls.
If the light blinks green it means that an incoming or
outgoing call is in progress. Press the Call ANSWER/END
button if you notice the light blinking and you are not
on a call.
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The light will be red in the event of an OnStar system
malfunction. If this occurs press the OnStar button to
attempt to contact an advisor. If the connection is made,
the advisor will assist you with steps to take to make
sure that the system is functioning properly. If you
cannot contact the advisor, take your vehicle to your
dealership as soon as possible for assistance.
Safety and Security Services
D Automatic Notification of Air Bag
Deployment -- If an air bag deploys, a priority
emergency signal is automatically sent to the center.
An advisor will locate your vehicle’s position, try to
contact you and assist you in the situation. If the
center is unable to contact you, an emergency service
provider will be contacted.
D Stolen Vehicle Tracking -- Call the center at
1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827) to report your
vehicle stolen. The system can then locate and track
your vehicle and the advisor will be able to notify
the proper authorities.
D Roadside Assistance with Location -- For vehicle
breakdowns, press the OnStar button. An advisor
will contact the appropriate help.
D Remote Diagnostics -- If an instrument panel light
comes on, the center can perform a check of the
engine on-board computer. An advisor can then
recommend what action needs to be taken.
D OnStar MED-NET -- Med-Net can store your
personal medical history and provide it to emergency
personnel if necessary. (Requires activation and
additional fee.)
D Accident Assist -- An advisor can provide
step-by-step guidance following an accident.
D Remote Door Unlock -- To contact the center,
call 1-888-4-ONSTAR. You will be required to
provide your security information. An advisor will
send a command to your vehicle to unlock itself.
The advisor can delay unlocking your vehicle.
Remote Door Unlock is disabled 48 hours after the
vehicle is parked to maintain the battery charge.
D Vehicle Locator Service -- To contact the center,
call 1-888-4-ONSTAR. You will be required to
provide your security information. An advisor will
send a command to your vehicle to sound the horn
and/or flash the lamps.
In order to provide you with excellent service, calls with
the OnStar Center may be monitored or recorded.
Premium Services (Includes Safety
and Security Services)
D Route Support -- An advisor can provide directions
or guidance to anywhere you want to go. In addition,
they can help you locate gas stations, rest areas,
ATM’s, hospitals, hotels, stores, eateries and more.
D Concierge Services -- The concierge advisor can
obtain tickets, reservations, or help with vacation/trip
planning and other unique items and services.
D Ride Assist -- An advisor can locate transportation
in the event that you are unable to drive.
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OnStar System Limitations
HomeLinkR Transmitter (Option)
Complete limitations can be found on the Subscriber
Services Agreement.
OnStar Service is:
D Available in the 48 contiguous United States, Alaska,
Hawaii and Canada;
D available when the vehicle is within the operating
range of a cellular provider;
D subject to limitations caused by atmospheric
D
conditions, such as severe weather or topographical
conditions, such as mountainous terrain;
subject to cellular carrier equipment limitations.
Global positioning capabilities used to deliver OnStar service
will not be available if satellite signals are obstructed.
OnStar will not function if the vehicle’s battery is
discharged or disconnected. It may also be inoperative if
the vehicle is in an accident and the OnStar or vehicle
electrical system components are damaged.
Safety and security services are provided by existing
governmental emergency service providers. OnStar will
use reasonable efforts to contact the appropriate
emergency service provider and request assistance but
cannot promise that they will respond to the call in a
timely manner or at all.
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This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference, including interference
that may cause undesired operation of the device.
Changes and modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
Programming the HomeLink Transmitter
Do not use the HomeLink Transmitter with any garage
door opener that does not have the “stop and reverse”
safety feature. This includes any garage door opener
model manufactured before April 1, 1982.
Be sure that people and objects are clear of the garage
door you are programming.
Your vehicle’s engine should be turned off while
programming the transmitter. Follow these steps to
program up to three channels:
1. If you have previously programmed a transmitter
channel, proceed to Step 2. Otherwise, hold down
the two outside buttons on the HomeLink
Transmitter until the indicator light begins to flash
rapidly (after 20 seconds). Then release the buttons.
This procedure initializes the memory and erases any
previous settings for all three channels.
2. Decide which one of the three channels you want to
program. Hold the end of the hand-held transmitter
about 1 to 3 inches (3 to 8 cm) away from the
surface of the HomeLink Transmitter so that you can
still see the indicator light.
3. Using both hands, press the hand-held transmitter button
and the desired button on the HomeLink Transmitter.
Continue to press both buttons through Step 4.
4. Hold down both buttons until you see the indicator
light on the HomeLink Transmitter flash slowly and
then rapidly. The rapid flashing indicates that the
HomeLink Transmitter has been programmed.
Release both buttons once the indicator light starts to
flash rapidly.
If you have trouble programming the HomeLink
Transmitter, make sure that you have followed the
directions exactly as described. The HomeLink Transmitter
may not work with older garage door openers that do not
meet current Federal Consumer Safety Standards. If you
cannot program the transmitter after repeated attempts,
refer to “Rolling Code Programming” later in this section
or contact the HomeLink Transmitter manufacturer
at 1-800-355-3515.
Be sure to keep the original hand-held transmitter
in case you need to erase and reprogram the
HomeLink Transmitter.
Canadian Owners: During programming, the
hand-held transmitter may automatically stop
transmitting after one or two seconds. In this case, you
should press and re-press the button on the hand-held
transmitter every two seconds without ever releasing the
button on the HomeLink Transmitter. Release both
buttons when the indicator light on the HomeLink
Transmitter begins to flash rapidly.
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Operating the HomeLink Transmitter
“Rolling Code” Programming
Press and release the appropriate button on the
HomeLink Transmitter. The indicator light comes on
while the signal is being transmitted.
If you have not previously programmed the hand-held
transmitter to the HomeLink Transmitter, see
“Programming the HomeLink Transmitter” listed
previously. If you have completed this programming
already, you now need to train the garage door opener
motor head unit to recognize the HomeLink Transmitter.
If the hand-held transmitter appears to program the
HomeLink Transmitter but does not open your garage
door, and if the garage door opener was manufactured
after 1996, the garage door opener may have a “rolling
code” system. A rolling code system changes the code
of the garage door opener every time you open or close
the garage door.
To determine if you have this system, press the button on
the HomeLink Transmitter that you have programmed
already. If the indicator light on the HomeLink Transmitter
flashes rapidly for two seconds and then turns solid, the
garage door opener has a rolling code system. In a rolling
code system, the garage door motor head unit must be
trained to the HomeLink Transmitter.
1. Find the training button on the garage door opener
motor head unit. The exact location and color of the
button may vary by garage door opener brand. If you
have difficulty finding the training button, refer to
your garage door opener owner’s manual.
Because of the steps involved, it may be helpful to
have another person available to assist you in
programming the transmitter.
2. Press the training button on the garage door opener
motor head unit.
Following this step, you have 30 seconds to start Step 3.
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3. Return to the HomeLink Transmitter in your vehicle
and firmly press and release the HomeLink Transmitter
button you have already programmed for two to
three seconds. Press and release the button again
(you may need to do this step up to three times) to
make sure that the HomeLink Transmitter has been
trained to the garage door opener motor head unit.
Check that the training was successful.
The garage door opener should now recognize the
HomeLink Transmitter. You may either use the
HomeLink Transmitter or the hand-held transmitter to
open the garage door.
Erasing Channels
To erase all three programmed channels, hold down the
two outside buttons until the indicator light begins to
flash (after 20 seconds). Release both buttons.
Accessories
Accessories for the HomeLink Transmitter are available
from the manufacturer of the unit. If you would like
additional information, please call 1-800-355-3515.
If after following these instructions, you still have
problems training the garage door opener, contact
the HomeLink Transmitter manufacturer
at 1-800-355-3515.
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The Instrument Panel -- Your Information System
2-94
The main components of the instrument panel are the following:
A. Side Vents
L. Ignition Switch
B. Front Vents
M. Climate Controls
C. Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
N. Rear Fan Controls (Option)
D. Hazard Warning Flasher Switch
O. Cupholder Tray
E. Instrument Panel Cluster
P. Accessory Power Outlet
F. Center Vents
Q. Storage Bin
G. Audio System
R. Instrument Panel Switchbank
H. Side Vents
S. Glove Box
I. Exterior Lamp Control
T. Front Vents
J. Hood Release
U. Instrument Panel Fuse Block
K. Horn
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Instrument Panel Cluster
Your instrument panel cluster is designed to let you know at a glance how your vehicle is running. You’ll know how
fast you’re going, how much fuel you’re using, and many other things you’ll need to drive safely and economically.
The indicator warning lights and gages are explained on the following pages.
United States shown, Canada similar
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Speedometer and Tamper
Resistant Odometer
Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles
per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h). Your
odometer shows how far your vehicle has been driven,
in either miles (used in the United States) or
kilometers (used in Canada).
Your vehicle has a tamper-resistant odometer.
You may wonder what happens if your vehicle needs a
new odometer installed. If the new one can be set to the
mileage total of the old odometer, then that will be done.
If it can’t, then it’s set at zero and a label must be put on
the driver’s door to show the old mileage reading when
the new odometer was installed.
Dual Trip Odometers
In addition to the standard odometer, the cluster can also
display two separate trip odometers (designated by the
letter “A” or “B” in the display window) as well as your
vehicle’s Engine Oil Life (designated by the word OIL in
the display window). The display can be toggled between
the odometer, the trip odometers and engine oil life by
quickly pressing and releasing the trip/reset button located
to the right of the temperature gage. The display toggles
once each time the trip/reset button is pressed for less
than 1.5 seconds. The display toggles in the following
sequence: Odometer - Trip Odometer A - Trip Odometer
B - Engine Oil Life. If the engine oil life is left on the
display, it will automatically toggle back to the odometer
after approximately 15 seconds. Each of the two trip
odometers can be used to keep track of different trip
distances (for example, the mileage of a long trip and the
mileage driven on the current tank of fuel). The trip
odometers will continue to keep track of miles (kilometers)
driven even if they are not currently displayed. To reset the
odometer to zero (0), push and hold the trip/reset button
for at least 1.5 seconds, but less than three seconds.
Only the trip odometer that is showing in the display
will be reset.
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Retro-Active Reset
Each of the two trip odometers has a feature called
retro-active reset. This feature can be used to set
either (or both) trip odometer(s) to the number of
miles (kilometers) driven since the ignition was last
turned on. This can be used if you forget to reset your
trip odometer at the beginning of a trip. To use the
retro-active reset feature, push and hold the trip/reset
button for at least three seconds. The trip odometer will
then display the number of miles (kilometers) driven
since the ignition was last turned on and you began
driving. (If you use the retro-active reset feature after
you have started the vehicle, but before you begin
moving, the display will show the number of miles
(kilometers) you drove during the last ignition cycle.)
Once you begin driving, the trip odometer will
accumulate mileage. For example, if you have driven
5.0 miles (8.0 km) since you started your vehicle, and
then activate the retro-active reset feature, the display
will show 5.0 miles (8.0 km). As you drive, the display
will then increase to 5.1 miles (8.2 km), 5.2 miles
(8.4 km), etc. Only the trip odometer that is displayed
will be affected by the retro-active reset so that both trip
odometers can be used separately.
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Warning Lights, Gages, Messages
and Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages that
may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you
locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause an
expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to
your warning lights and gages could also save you or
others from injury.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you
will see in the details on the next few pages, some
warning lights come on briefly when you start the
engine just to let you know they’re working. If you are
familiar with this section, you should not be alarmed
when this happens.
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages and
warning lights work together to let you know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on
when you are driving, or when one of the gages shows
there may be a problem, check the section that tells you
what to do about it. Please follow this manual’s advice.
Waiting to do repairs can be costly -- and even
dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights
and gages. They’re a big help.
Safety Belt Reminder Light
When the key is turned to RUN or START, a chime will
come on for about eight seconds to remind people to
fasten their safety belts.
The safety belt light will
also come on and stay on
for about 70 seconds. If the
driver’s belt is already
buckled, neither the chime
nor the light will come on.
Your vehicle also has a message center that works along
with the warning lights and gages. See “Message
Center” in the Index.
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Air Bag Readiness Light
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows the air bag symbol. The system
checks the air bag’s electrical system for malfunctions.
The light tells you if there is an electrical problem. The
system check includes the air bag sensor, the air bag
modules, the wiring and the diagnostic module. For
more information on the air bag system, see “Air Bag”
in the Index.
This light will come on
when you start your vehicle,
and it will flash for a few
seconds. Then the light
should go out. This means
the system is ready.
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you start the
vehicle or comes on when you are driving, your air bag
system may not work properly. Have your vehicle
serviced right away.
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CAUTION:
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you
start your vehicle, it means the air bag system
may not be working properly. The air bags in
your vehicle may not inflate in a crash, or they
could even inflate without a crash. To help avoid
injury to yourself or others, have your vehicle
serviced right away if the air bag readiness light
stays on after you start your vehicle.
The air bag readiness light should flash for a few
seconds when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there is a problem.
Brake System Warning Light
When the ignition is on, the brake system warning light
will come on when you set your parking brake. The light
will stay on if your parking brake doesn’t release fully.
If it stays on after your parking brake is fully released, it
means you have a brake problem.
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided into
two parts. If one part isn’t working, the other part can
still work and stop you. For good braking, though, you
need both parts working well.
If the warning light comes on, there could be a brake
problem. Have your brake system inspected right away.
If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the
road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is
harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to the floor.
It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on, have the
vehicle towed for service. See “Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning Light” and “Towing Your Vehicle” in
the Index.
CAUTION:
United States
Canada
This light should come on briefly when you turn the
ignition key to RUN. If it doesn’t come on then, have it
fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there’s a problem.
Your brake system may not be working properly
if the brake system warning light is on. Driving
with the brake system warning light on can lead
to an accident. If the light is still on after you’ve
pulled off the road and stopped carefully, have
the vehicle towed for service.
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Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light
The anti-lock brake
system warning light
should come on for a
few seconds when you
turn the ignition key
to RUN.
If the anti-lock brake system warning light stays on longer
than normal after you’ve started your engine, turn the
ignition off. Or, if the light comes on and stays on when
you’re driving, stop as soon as possible and turn the
ignition off. Then start the engine again to reset the
system. If the light still stays on, or comes on again while
you’re driving, the anti-lock brake system needs service
and you don’t have anti-lock brakes. The brake pedal may
be harder to push, or it may go to the floor. It may take
longer to stop. Adjust your driving accordingly.
The anti-lock brake system warning light should come
on briefly when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there is a problem.
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Traction Control System Warning
Light (Option)
United States
Canada
The traction control system warning light may come on
for the following reasons:
D If you turn the system off by pressing the TCS
button located in the center console switchbank the
warning light will come on and stay on. To turn the
system back on, press the button again. The warning
light should go off. See “Traction Control System” in
the Index for more information.
D If there’s a brake system problem that is specifically
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
related to traction control, the traction control system
will turn off and the warning light will come on. If
your brakes begin to overheat, the traction control
system will turn off and the warning light will come
on until your brakes cool down.
D If the traction control system is affected by an
engine-related problem, the system will turn off and
the warning light will come on.
If the traction control system warning light comes on
and stays on for an extended period of time when the
system is turned on, your vehicle needs service.
United States
Canada
This gage shows the engine coolant temperature.
If the gage pointer moves into the red area, your engine
is too hot!
It means that your engine coolant has overheated. If you
have been operating your vehicle under normal driving
conditions, you should pull of the road, stop your
vehicle and turn off the engine as soon as possible.
See “Engine Overheating” in the Index.
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Malfunction Indicator Lamp (Service
Engine Soon Light in the United States or
Check Engine Light in Canada)
United States
Canada
Your vehicle is equipped with a computer which
monitors operation of the fuel, ignition and emission
control systems.
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This system is called OBD II
(On-Board Diagnostics-Second Generation)
and is intended to assure that emissions are at acceptable
levels for the life of the vehicle, helping to produce a
cleaner environment. The SERVICE ENGINE SOON or
CHECK ENGINE light comes on to indicate that there
is a problem and service is required. Malfunctions often
will be indicated by the system before any problem is
apparent. This may prevent more serious damage to
your vehicle. This system is also designed to assist
your service technician in correctly diagnosing
any malfunction.
NOTICE:
If you keep driving your vehicle with this light
on, after a while, your emission controls may not
work as well, your fuel economy may not be as
good and your engine may not run as smoothly.
This could lead to costly repairs that may not be
covered by your warranty.
NOTICE:
Modifications made to the engine, transaxle,
exhaust, intake or fuel system of your vehicle or
the replacement of the original tires with other
than those of the same Tire Performance Criteria
(TPC) can affect your vehicle’s emission controls
and may cause the SERVICE ENGINE
SOON or CHECK ENGINE light to come on.
Modifications to these systems could lead to
costly repairs not covered by your warranty.
This may also result in a failure to pass a
required Emission Inspection/Maintenance test.
This light should come on, as a check to show you it is
working, when the ignition is on and the engine is not
running. If the light doesn’t come on, have it repaired.
This light will also come on during a malfunction in one
of two ways:
D Light Flashing -- A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions and
may damage the emission control system on your
vehicle. Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis
and service may be required.
D Light On Steady -- An emission control system
malfunction has been detected on your vehicle.
Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis and
service may be required.
If the Light Is Flashing
The following may prevent more serious damage to
your vehicle:
D
D
D
D
Reducing vehicle speed.
Avoiding hard accelerations.
Avoiding steep uphill grades.
If you are towing a trailer, reduce the amount of
cargo being hauled as soon as it is possible.
If the light stops flashing and remains on steady, see
“If the Light Is On Steady” following.
If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to do so,
stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park your vehicle.
Turn the key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart the
engine. If the light remains on steady, see “If the Light
Is On Steady” following. If the light is still flashing,
follow the previous steps, and drive the vehicle to your
dealer or qualified service center for service.
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If the Light Is On Steady
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel. See
“Fuel” in the Index. Poor fuel quality will cause your
engine not to run as efficiently as designed. You may
notice this as stalling after start-up, stalling when you put
the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation on acceleration
or stumbling on acceleration. (These conditions may go
away once the engine is warmed up.) This will be detected
by the system and cause the light to turn on.
Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully install
the cap. See “Filling Your Tank” in the Index. The
diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap has been
left off or improperly installed. A loose or missing fuel
cap will allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere. A
few driving trips with the cap properly installed should
turn the light off.
Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition
will usually be corrected when the electrical system
dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.
Are you low on fuel?
As your engine starts to run out of fuel, your engine may
not run as efficiently as designed since small amounts of
air are sucked into the fuel line causing a misfire. The
system can detect this. Adding fuel should correct this
condition. Make sure to install the fuel cap properly. See
“Filling Your Tank” in the Index. It will take a few
driving trips to turn the light off.
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If you experience one or more of these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use. It will require at least one
full tank of the proper fuel to turn the light off.
If none of the above steps have made the light turn off,
have your dealer or qualified service center check the
vehicle. Your dealer has the proper test equipment and
diagnostic tools to fix any mechanical or electrical
problems that may have developed.
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance Programs
Fuel Gage
Some state/provincial and local governments have or may
begin programs to inspect the emission control equipment
on your vehicle. Failure to pass this inspection could
prevent you from getting a vehicle registration.
Here are some things you need to know in order to help
your vehicle pass an inspection:
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the
SERVICE ENGINE SOON or CHECK ENGINE light is
on or not working properly.
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the
OBD (on-board diagnostic) system determines that
critical emission control systems have not been
completely diagnosed by the system. The vehicle would
be considered not ready for inspection. This can happen
if you have recently replaced your battery or if your
battery has run down. The diagnostic system is designed
to evaluate critical emission control systems during
normal driving. This may take several days of routine
driving. If you have done this and your vehicle still does
not pass the inspection for lack of OBD system
readiness, see your dealer or qualified service center to
prepare the vehicle for inspection.
United States
Canada
When the indicator nears empty, you still have a little
fuel left, but you should get more soon.
If your fuel is low, the warning message in the message
center will come on. See “Low Fuel Warning Message”
later in this section.
Your fuel gage tells you about how much fuel you have
left when the ignition is on.
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Here are four things that some owners ask about. All
these things are normal and do not indicate that anything
is wrong with the fuel gage.
D At the gas station, the gas pump shuts off before the
gage reads full.
D It takes a little more (or less) fuel to fill up than the
gage reads. For example, the gage reads half full, but
it took more (or less) than half of the tank’s capacity
to fill it.
D The gage pointer may move while cornering, braking
or speeding up.
Message Center
The message center is located in the instrument panel cluster.
It gives you important safety and maintenance facts.
Charging System Indicator Message
The charging system battery
symbol will come on in the
message center when you
turn on the ignition as a
check to show you it
is working.
D The gage may not indicate empty when the ignition
is turned off.
It will remain on as long as the engine is not running.
It should go out once the engine is running. If it stays
on, or comes on while you are driving, you may have a
problem with the charging system. It could indicate that
you have problems with a generator drive belt, or
another electrical problem. Have it checked right away.
Driving while this indicator appears in the message
center could drain your battery.
If you must drive a short distance with the message on,
be certain to turn off all your accessories, such as the
radio and air conditioner.
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Service Traction System Warning
Message (Option)
When this message is displayed, the traction control system
will not limit wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.
The message may appear for the following reasons:
D If there’s a brake system problem that is specifically
related to traction control, the traction control system
will turn off and the warning message will come on.
If your brakes begin to overheat, the traction control
system will turn off and the warning message will
come on until your brakes cool down.
United States
Canada
If your vehicle has the traction control system and this
message is displayed when you’re driving, there may be
a problem with your traction control system.
Your vehicle may need service.
D If the traction control system is affected by an
engine-related problem, the system will turn off and
the warning message will come on.
If the traction control system warning message comes on
and stays on for an extended period of time when the
system is turned on, your vehicle needs service.
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Traction Active Message (Option)
United States
Canada
If your vehicle has the traction control system, the
TRACTION ACTIVE message will appear when the
traction control system is limiting wheel spin. You may
feel or hear the system working, but this is normal.
Slippery road conditions may exist if this message
appears, so adjust your driving accordingly. The
message will stay on for a few seconds after the traction
control system stops limiting wheel spin.
Engine Coolant Temperature
Warning Message
United States
Canada
This message will come on when your engine
gets too hot.
If this message comes on, it means that your engine
coolant has overheated. If you have been operating your
vehicle under normal driving conditions, you should
pull off the road, stop your vehicle and turn off the
engine as soon as possible.
See “Engine Overheating” in the Index.
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Low Oil Pressure Message
CAUTION:
United States
Canada
Your vehicle is equipped with a low oil pressure
warning warning message.
Your oil pressure message lets you know when you may
have a problem with your engine oil pressure.
When the engine is running and this message appears
on, the engine oil level may be too low. There may also
be another problem causing low oil pressure.
Don’t keep driving if the oil pressure is low. If
you do, your engine can become so hot that it
catches fire. You or others could be burned.
Check your oil as soon as possible and have your
vehicle serviced.
NOTICE:
Damage to your engine from neglected oil
problems can be costly and is not covered by
your warranty.
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Low Engine Oil Level Message
United States
Canada
Change Engine Oil Message
United States
Canada
If this message comes on, it means your engine is
low on oil.
If the change engine oil message comes on and stays on
after you have started the engine, have the oil changed.
You need to check the oil level right away. Have your
vehicle serviced immediately.
For additional information, see “Engine Oil, When to
Change” in the Index. After changing the engine oil the
system must be reset. See “How to Reset the Change
Engine Oil Message” in the Index.
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Power Sliding Door Warning Message
CAUTION:
United States
Canada
If you shift the transaxle out of PARK (P) and
accelerate before the power sliding door latches
closed, the door may reverse to the open position.
A child or others could fall out of the vehicle and
be injured. Always make sure the power sliding
door is closed and latched before you drive away.
This message will come on if the power sliding door is
not completely closed and the ignition is turned to
RUN or START.
If you shift the transaxle out of PARK (P) while the
power sliding door is open or in the process of closing,
and the power sliding door is turned off, a buzzer will
sound. This is a warning that the power sliding door is
not completely closed.
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Door Ajar Warning Message
United States
Rear Hatch Ajar Warning Message
Canada
This message will come on when the ignition is turned
to RUN or START and the driver’s or passenger’s door
is open.
It may also come on if a sliding door is not in the fully
latched position.
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United States
Canada
This message will come on when the ignition is turned
to RUN or START and the rear hatch is open.
PASS-KeyR III Security Message
United States
Canada
If you are ever driving and this message comes on and
stays on, you will be able to restart your engine if you
turn it off.
Your PASS-Key III system, however, is not working
properly and must be serviced by your dealer. Your
vehicle is not protected by the PASS-Key III system
at this time. See “PASS-Key III” in the Index for
more information.
Low Fuel Warning Message
United States
Canada
If your fuel is low, the warning message will come on
and stay on until you add fuel.
If the warning message is still on after adding fuel, you
need to reset the warning message. To reset the warning
message, turn the ignition to OFF then to ON. If the
message stays on, see your dealer right away.
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Driver Information
Center (DIC) (Option)
The DIC will show information about the vehicle and
the surroundings.
D E/M (English/Metric Button): You can change the
display to a metric or English reading at any time by
pressing E/M.
D MODE: Press this button to cycle through three
modes of operation -- Off, Compass/Temperature
and Trip Computer mode.
In the Trip Computer mode, pressing the MODE
button cycles through the five displays. Press the
MODE button after the last Trip Computer display to
return the DIC to the OFF mode.
Off: No driver information is displayed in this mode
of operation.
Compass/Temperature Mode: One of eight compass
readings and the outside temperature are displayed. If
the temperature is below 38_F (3_C), the temperature
reading will toggle between displaying the outside
temperature and the word “ICE” for two minutes.
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Compass Variance
Compass variance is the difference between magnetic
north and geographic north. In some areas of the
country, the difference is great enough to cause the
compass to give false readings. If this occurs, the
compass variance must be set.
Setting the Variance
Turn the ignition on and cycle the DIC to the
Compass/Temperature mode. Press both the E/M and
MODE buttons simultaneously for approximately five
seconds. The last entered variance zone number will be
displayed. Press the E/M button until the proper
variance number, as shown on the map, is showing.
Press the MODE button to set the new variance zone
and resume normal operation.
The display will show all the display segments briefly to
acknowledge the change in the zone number.
Automatic Compass Calibration
The compass is self-calibrating, which eliminates the
need to manually set the compass. When the vehicle is
new, the calibration process may not be complete. In
these cases the calibration symbol “C” will be displayed
where the compass reading is normally displayed.
To calibrate the compass, in an area free from large
metal objects, make three 360_ turns. The calibration
symbol will turn off and the compass reading will
be displayed.
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Manual Compass Calibration
Trip Computer
If the compass appears erratic and the calibration
symbol does not appear, you must manually put the
compass into the calibration mode.
There are five trip computer displays which may be
stepped through by pushing the MODE button.
The information will appear in the following order:
Turn the ignition on and cycle the DIC to the
Compass/Temperature mode. Press both the E/M and
MODE buttons simultaneously for at least 10 seconds
until the calibration symbol appears. Release both
buttons and complete three 360_ turns in an area free
from large metal objects. The calibration symbol will
turn off and the compass reading will be displayed.
D AVG ECON (Average Fuel Economy): This shows
Error Displays
D An error of the vehicle’s speed sensor or fuel sender
will cause -E- to be displayed.
D In the absence of vehicle communications, a double
dash “--” is displayed.
If one of these error messages appear, see your dealer.
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the average fuel economy since the last reset.
D INST ECON (Instantaneous Fuel Economy): This
shows fuel economy for the most recent second
of driving.
D RANGE (Trip Range): This shows the estimated
distance that can be traveled with the remaining fuel.
The fuel economy used to calculate range is based on
the last few hours of driving.
D FUEL USED (Trip Fuel Used): This shows the
accumulated fuel used since the last reset.
D AVG SPEED (Average Speed): This shows the
average speed since the last reset.
Resetting the Trip Computer
Press and hold the MODE and E/M buttons for at least
two seconds. The reset is acknowledged with the display
showing all segments on briefly. A reset can only be
done in AVG ECON, FUEL USED and AVG SPEED
displays. AVG ECON, FUEL USED and AVG SPEED
can be reset independently. Only the mode that is
displayed will be reset.
Rear parking assist can be
turned off by pressing the
rear park aid disable switch
located in the overhead
console switchbank.
Rear Parking Assist (Option)
Rear parking assist can help you to determine how close
an object is to your rear bumper within a given area,
making parking easier. It is not intended to be used
primarily as a rear obstacle detection system.
The rear parking assist display is located inside the
vehicle, above the rear window. It has three color-coded
lights that can be seen through the rearview mirror.
How the System Works
If the rear park aid disable switch is not on, the rear
parking assist turns on automatically when the shift
lever is moved into REVERSE (R) and the vehicle
speed is less than 3 mph (5 km/h). When the system
turns on, the three lights on the display will illuminate
for 1.5 seconds to let you know that the system is
working. Rear parking assist senses how close your
vehicle is to an object. The distance is determined by the
four ultrasonic sensors located on the rear bumper.
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When shifting into REVERSE (R) and an object is
detected, one of the following will occur:
If the rear parking assist system is not functioning
properly, the display will flash red, indicating that there is
a problem, unless the disable switch is on. The light
will also flash red when the vehicle is shifting into
REVERSE (R), if a trailer was attached to your vehicle, or
if a bicycle or an object was on the back of, or hanging out
of your liftgate during your last drive cycle. The light will
continue to flash whenever in REVERSE (R) until your
vehicle is driven forward at least 15 mph (25 km/h)
without any obstructions behind the vehicle.
It will also flash red if the ultrasonic sensors are not kept
clean. So be sure to keep your rear bumper free of mud,
dirt, snow, ice and slush or the system may not work
properly. If after cleaning the rear bumper and driving
forward at least 15 mph (25 km/h), the display continues
to flash red, see your dealer.
A chime will sound the first time an object is detected,
if the object is between 20 inches (0.5 cm) and
5 feet (1.5 m) away.
Rear parking assist can detect objects 3 inches (7.6 cm)
and wider, and at least 10 inches (25.4 cm) tall, but it
cannot detect objects that are above liftgate level. In
order for the rear sensors to recognize an object, it must
be within operating range.
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It may also flash red if your vehicle is moving in
REVERSE (R) at a speed greater than 3 mph (5 km/h).
Other conditions that may affect system performance
include things like the vibrations from a jackhammer or
the compression of air brakes on a very large truck.
As always, drivers should use care when backing up a
vehicle. Always look behind you, being sure to check for
other vehicles, obstructions and blind spots. For cleaning
instructions, see “Cleaning Your Vehicle” in the Index.
Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
In this section, you’ll find out how to operate the comfort control and audio systems offered with your vehicle.
Be sure to read about the particular systems supplied with your vehicle.
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3-3
3-4
3-4
3-5
3-6
3-8
3-9
3-9
3-9
3-10
3-13
Comfort Controls
Air Conditioning
Heating
Defogging and Defrosting
Rear Window Defogger (If Equipped)
Rear Climate Control (Option)
Ventilation System
Audio Systems
Setting the Clock for Systems without Radio
Data System
Setting the Clock for Systems with Radio
Data System
AM-FM Stereo
AM-FM Stereo with Compact Disc Player
with Radio Data System (RDS) and Automatic
Tone Control (If Equipped)
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3-30
3-40
3-42
3-43
3-43
3-44
3-45
3-45
3-45
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
Compact Disc Player with Radio Data
System (RDS) and Automatic Tone Control
(If Equipped)
AM-FM Stereo with 6-Disc Compact Disc
Player with Programmable Equalization and
Radio Data System (RDS) (Option)
Rear Seat Audio (If Equipped)
Theft-Deterrent Feature RDS Radios
Understanding Radio Reception
Tips About Your Audio System
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
Care of Your Compact Discs
Care of Your Compact Disc Player
Integrated Windshield Antenna
3-
3-1
Comfort Controls
This section tells you how to make your heating, cooling
and ventilation system work for you.
With this system, you can control the heating, cooling
and ventilation in your vehicle. Your vehicle also has
a flow-through ventilation system described later in
this section.
Temperature Knob
The center knob controls the temperature of the air
coming through the system. Turn it clockwise (toward
the red area) for warmer air. Turn it counterclockwise
(toward the blue area) for cooler air.
Mode Knob
The right knob is used to select and determine the
direction of the air flowing into the vehicle.
UPPER: This setting directs outside air through
the instrument panel outlets.
BI-LEVEL: This setting directs outside air into
your vehicle in two ways. Cooler air is directed toward
your upper body through the front instrument panel
outlets, while warmed air is directed through the heater
ducts at your feet.
Fan Knob
LOWER: This setting brings in most of the air
through the floor ducts. This setting is also used to send
air to the rear of the vehicle. Keep the area under the
front seats free of objects that could obstruct airflow
to the rear of the vehicle.
The left knob is the fan knob and selects the force of air
you want. Turn the knob clockwise to increase fan speed
and counterclockwise to decrease fan speed. The fan
must be turned on for the air conditioning compressor
to operate.
DEFOG: This setting directs air to the windshield
and through the floor ducts. This mode is useful during
cold or inclement weather because of your vehicle’s
larger windshield area.
3-2
DEFROST: This setting directs most of the air
to the windshield and side window vents.
Mode Buttons
OUTSIDE AIR: Press this button (the light will
glow) to send outside air into your vehicle. Using this setting
while trying to defrost or defog the windows will help clear
the vents of moisture. Press the RECIRCULATION button
(the light on the OUTSIDE AIR button will go off) to limit
outside air entering the vehicle. When the LOWER, DEFOG
or DEFROST setting is selected, the system will
automatically go to OUTSIDE AIR mode.
RECIRCULATION: Press this button (the light
will glow) to limit the amount of outside air entering
your vehicle by recirculating much of the air inside your
vehicle. You may use this setting to limit odors entering
your vehicle. Press the OUTSIDE AIR button (the light
on the RECIRCULATION button will go off) to let
outside air circulate into the vehicle.
Operating the Heating/Ventilation/Air Conditioning
(HVAC) system in the RECIRCULATION mode
may cause fogging of the vehicle’s windows when the
weather is cold and damp. To clear the fog, switch the
HVAC system to either the DEFOG or DEFROST
mode and increase the fan speed. To avoid re-fogging
of the windows, operate the HVAC system in the
OUTSIDE AIR mode.
Air Conditioning
On very hot days, your vehicle will cool down more
quickly and economically if you open the windows long
enough to let hot, inside air escape. For all settings, adjust
the temperature knob and fan speed as desired.
To get maximum cooling or a quick cool-down on very
hot days, press the A/C and RECIRCULATION buttons
(the lights will glow) and turn the temperature knob
counterclockwise (toward the blue area). Adjust the mode
knob to direct the air to the desired location. This setting
should not be used for long periods of time because the
air may become too cold and dry. Push the A/C button
again (the light will go off) to turn off the air conditioning.
When the air conditioner compressor is on, you may
sometimes notice slight changes in your vehicle’s engine
performance and power. This is normal. The system is
designed to help fuel economy while it maintains the
desired cooling level.
The air conditioner removes moisture from the air, so
you may sometimes notice water dripping from under
your vehicle’s engine compartment when it is idling or
after it has been turned off. This is normal.
3-3
Heating
Defogging and Defrosting
Turn the temperature knob clockwise (toward the red
area) to warm the air.
To rapidly defrost the windshield, turn the temperature
knob all the way clockwise (to the red area) and turn
the mode knob to DEFROST. Adjust the fan to the
highest speed.
To keep the windshield clear and bring in heated air
through the heater ducts, turn the mode knob to DEFOG.
When the temperature outside is above freezing, the air
conditioner compressor will run in these settings to help
remove moisture from the air.
Your vehicle is equipped with side window defogger
vents located on the top of the instrument panel. For
additional side window defogging, turn the mode knob
to the BI-LEVEL setting and adjust the fan to the
highest speed. Aim the side vents on the instrument
panel toward the side windows. For increased airflow
to the side vents, close the center vents.
Operating the HVAC system in the RECIRCULATION
mode may cause fogging of the vehicle’s windows when
the weather is cold and damp. To clear the fog, switch
the HVAC system to either the DEFOG or DEFROST
mode and increase the fan speed. To avoid re-fogging
of the windows, operate the HVAC system in the
OUTSIDE AIR mode.
For additional information, refer to “RECIRCULATION”
earlier in this section.
In the LOWER setting, outside air will be brought in
and sent through the floor outlets. The heater works
best if you keep your windows closed while using it.
The BI-LEVEL setting is designed for use on sunny
days when the air is only moderately warm or cool.
On days like these, the sun may adequately warm your
upper body, but your lower body may not be warm
enough. For the best results, turn the temperature knob
to the middle position, and then adjust it for comfort.
Your vehicle has a computer controlled transaxle
designed to warm up the engine faster when the outside
temperature is 35_F (2_C) or colder. You may notice
that the transaxle will shift at a higher vehicle speed
until the engine is warmed up. This is a normal
condition designed to provide heat to the passenger
compartment and defrost the windows more quickly.
If you have the optional engine coolant heater and use it
during cold weather, 0_F (-18_C) or lower, your
heating system will provide heat more quickly because
the engine coolant is already warmed. See “Engine
Coolant Heater” in the Index.
3-4
Rear Window Defogger (If Equipped)
Press the REAR button
(the light will glow) to
warm the defogger grid
on the rear window and to
turn on the heated outside
rearview mirrors.
Do not attach a temporary vehicle license across the
defogger grid on the rear window.
NOTICE:
Don’t use a razor blade or something else sharp
on the inside of the rear window. If you do, you
could cut or damage the warming grid, and the
repairs wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
The system will turn off automatically after about
10 minutes of use. If you turn it on again, the defogger
will operate for about five minutes. You can also turn
the defogger off by turning off the ignition or by
pressing the button again.
3-5
Rear Climate Control (Option)
Rear Fan Control
If you have the optional rear climate control, the rear
seat passengers can control the temperature and the
amount of air directed to the rear of the vehicle. You can
also adjust the amount of air directed to the rear of the
vehicle using the front fan knob.
This option comes with the rear climate controls.
When it’s cold outside, set the main climate control
mode knob to LOWER, DEFOG or DEFROST
to send air to the rear of the vehicle through the
lower vents.
Set the main climate control mode knob to UPPER or
BI-LEVEL to send air to the rear of the vehicle through
the headliner outlets.
Keep the area around the base of the center instrument
panel console and the area between and under the front
seats free of objects that would obstruct airflow to the
rear of the vehicle.
The rear fan control
is located below the
climate control system,
in the switchbank.
To send conditioned air to the rear of the vehicle, press
the A/C button (the light will glow) on the main climate
controls. If you do not select A/C, air directed to the
rear of the vehicle will be cabin temperature.
Turn the fan knob to the desired setting for the
amount of air to be directed to the rear of the vehicle.
The temperature of the air will be the same as the air
in the front of the vehicle. The rear fan control in the
instrument panel switchbank has an “R” setting which
allows the rear passengers to use the rear climate control
knobs to adjust the air through the rear air outlets.
3-6
Rear Comfort Controls
Rear Air Vents
To maximize airflow through the rear heater outlet,
place the left bucket seat in the second row in the
forward position (see “Adjusting Rear Seats” in
the Index).
The rear climate control knobs are located in the panel
above the driver’s seat.
Turn the temperature knob counterclockwise (to the
blue area) for cooler air, or clockwise (to the red area)
for warmer air.
To maintain a comfortable temperature in the rear, use
either rear fan knob to adjust the force of air coming
through the rear outlets.
Select the desired climate control mode using the
directional controls on the instrument panel (see “Mode
Knob” earlier in this section). The mode you choose will
regulate both the front and rear climate control systems.
The vent behind the left rear seat is the cold air return
vent. Be sure to keep it free of obstructions.
Keep the area around the base of the center instrument
panel console, between and under the front seats, free of
objects that could obstruct airflow to the rear.
3-7
Ventilation System
Your vehicle’s flow-through ventilation system supplies
outside air into the vehicle when it is moving. Outside
air will also enter the vehicle when the fan is running.
Ventilation Tips
D Keep the hood and front air inlet free of ice, snow or
any other obstruction (such as leaves). This will allow
the heater and defroster to work much better, reducing
the chance of fogging the inside of your windows.
Your vehicle has air outlets that allow you to adjust the
direction and amount of airflow inside the vehicle. Push
the outlet up or down to change the direction of the
airflow. Increase or reduce the amount of airflow by
opening and closing the louvers. Opening and closing
the louvers will also direct airflow from side to side.
D When you enter a vehicle in cold weather, turn the
The air-flow through the vents can be shut off
completely by turning the thumbwheel next to each
outlet all the way down. You can also stop outside air
from entering the vehicle by turning the fan to OFF and
pushing the RECIRCULATION button.
D Keep the area around the base of the center instrument
fan knob to “5”, the highest setting, for a few
moments before driving off. This helps clear the
intake ducts of snow and moisture, and reduces
the chance of fogging the inside of your windows.
panel console and the air path under the front seats
clear of objects. This helps air to circulate throughout
your vehicle.
D In cold weather, operating the system in the
OUTSIDE AIR mode will improve the time it
takes to warm the vehicle.
3-8
Audio Systems
Your audio system has been designed to operate easily
and give years of listening pleasure. You will get the
most enjoyment out of it if you acquaint yourself with it
first. Find out what your audio system can do and how
to operate all its controls, to be sure you’re getting the
most out of the advanced engineering that went into it.
If you have power door locks, your vehicle has a feature
called Retained Accessory Power (RAP). With RAP,
you can play your audio system even after the ignition
is off. See “Retained Accessory Power” in the Index.
Setting the Clock for Systems without Radio
Data System
Press and hold the HR or MIN arrow for two seconds.
Then press the HR arrow until the correct hour appears.
Press and hold the MIN arrow until the correct minute
appears. The clock may be set with the ignition on
or off.
Setting the Clock for Systems with Radio
Data System
Press and hold the HR or MN buttons, located below the
tune knob, for two seconds. Then press and hold HR
until the correct hour appears. AM or PM will appear on
the display. Press and hold MN until the correct minute
appears. The clock may be set with the ignition on or
off. The clock symbol will appear on the display in
time-set mode.
Press and hold the H button until the correct hour
appears. AM will appear on the display for morning
hours. Press and hold the M button until the correct
minute appears. The clock may be set with the ignition
on or off.
To set the clock to the time of an FM station broadcasting
Radio Data System (RDS) information, press and hold
HR and MN or the H and M buttons at the same time
for two seconds until UPDATED and the clock symbol
appear on the display. If the time is not available from the
station, NO UPDAT will appear on the display instead.
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AM-FM Stereo
TUNE: Turn this knob to choose radio stations.
SEEK: Press the right arrow to tune to the next higher
station and the left arrow to tune to the next lower
station and stay there. The radio will seek to stations
with a strong signal only.
SCAN: Press and hold one of the SEEK arrows for
two seconds until you hear a beep. Use SCAN to listen
to stations for a few seconds. The radio will go to a
station, stop for a few seconds and flash the station
frequency, then go on to the next station. Press one
of the SEEK arrows again to stop scanning. The radio
will scan to stations with a strong signal only.
Playing the Radio
PWR VOL: Press this knob to turn the system on and
off. To increase volume, turn the knob clockwise. Turn
it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
RCL: Press this knob to recall the station being played
or to display the clock. Clock display is available with
the vehicle off.
Finding a Station
AM FM: Press this button to switch between AM, FM1
and FM2. The display shows your selection.
3-10
PRESET SCAN: Use preset scan to listen to each
of your preset stations for a few seconds. Press and hold
one of the SEEK arrows for more than four seconds
until you hear two beeps. The radio will go to the first
preset station stored on your pushbuttons, except those
stations with weak reception, stop for a few seconds and
flash the station frequency, then go on to the next preset
station. Preset scan will only scan the six presets that
are in the band selected. Press one of the SEEK arrows
again to stop scanning presets. The channel number
(P1 through P6) will appear momentarily just before
the frequency is displayed.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons
let you return to your favorite stations. You can set up
to 18 stations (six AM, six FM1 and six FM2) by
performing the following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM FM to select the band.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons until
you hear a beep. Whenever you press that numbered
button, the station you set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
Setting the Tone
BASS: Press and release AUDIO repeatedly until
BAS appears on the display. Then press and hold the
up arrow to increase bass. “B” and a positive number
will appear on the display. Press and hold the down
arrow to decrease bass. B and a negative number will
appear on the display. B and a zero will appear on the
display when the bass level is set to the middle position.
Release the up or down arrow when you find the bass
level you want or when the maximum or minimum level
is reached.
TREBLE: Press and release AUDIO until TRE appears
on the display. Then press and hold the up arrow to
increase treble. “T” and a positive number will appear
on the display. Press and hold the down arrow to
decrease treble. T and a negative number will appear
on the display. T and a zero will appear on the display
when the treble level is set to the middle position.
Release the up or down arrow when you find the treble
level you want or when the maximum or minimum level
is reached. If a station is weak or noisy, you may want
to decrease the treble.
To set bass or treble to the middle position, select the
desired tone control. Then press and hold AUDIO for
more than two seconds until you hear a beep. B and a
zero or T and a zero will appear on the display. To set all
of the tone controls and speaker controls to the middle
position, end out of audio mode. Then press and hold
AUDIO for more than two seconds until you hear a
beep. CEN will appear on the display.
3-11
Adjusting the Speakers
BALANCE: Press and release AUDIO until BAL
appears on the display. Then press and hold the up arrow
to move the sound to the right speakers or the down
arrow to move the sound to the left speakers. “R” and
a number will appear on the display when the sound is
balanced toward the right speakers. “L” and a number
will appear on the display when the sound is balanced
toward the left speakers. L and a zero will appear on the
display when the the sound is balanced between the
speakers. Release the up or down arrow when you find
the speaker balance you want or when the maximum
or minimum level is reached.
FADE: Press and release AUDIO until FAD appears
on the display. Then press and hold the up arrow to
move the sound to the front speakers or the down arrow
to move the sound to the rear speakers. “F” and a
number will appear on the display when the sound is
balanced toward the front speakers. “R” and a number
will appear on the display when the sound is balanced
toward the rear speakers. F and a zero will appear on
the display when the the sound is balanced between the
speakers. Release the up or down arrow when you find
the speaker balance you want or when the maximum or
minimum level is reached.
3-12
To set balance or fade to the middle position, select the
desired speaker control. Then press and hold AUDIO for
more than two seconds until you hear a beep. L and a
zero or F and a zero will appear on the display. To set all
of the tone controls and speaker controls to the middle
position, end out of audio mode. Then press and hold
AUDIO for more than two seconds until you hear a
beep. CEN will appear on the display.
Radio Calibration
Your audio system has been calibrated for your vehicle
from the factory. If CAL appears on the display it means
that your radio has not been configured properly for
your vehicle and must be returned to the dealership
for service.
AM-FM Stereo with Compact Disc Player
with Radio Data System (RDS) and
Automatic Tone Control (If Equipped)
Playing the Radio
DISP: Press this button to display the clock with the
ignition off.
AUTO VOL: Your system has a feature called
Speed-Compensated Volume (SCV). With SCV,
your audio system adjusts automatically to make up
for road and wind noise as you drive. Set the volume at
the desired level. Press AUTO VOL to adjust the SCV.
AVOL will appear on the display. Each time you press
AUTO VOL, another volume setting (LOW, MEDIUM
or HIGH) will appear on the display. NONE will appear
on the display if the radio cannot find out the vehicle
speed. Then, as you drive, SCV automatically increases
the volume, as necessary, to overcome noise at any
particular speed. The volume level should always sound
the same to you as you drive. If you don’t want to use
SCV, select OFF. Each volume setting allows for more
volume compensation at faster vehicle speeds.
PWR: Press this button to turn the system on and off.
VOL: Turn this knob clockwise to increase volume.
Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
3-13
Finding a Station
AM FM: Press this button to switch between AM, FM1
and FM2. The display shows your selection.
TUNE: Turn this knob to choose radio stations.
SEEK: Press the right arrow to tune to the next higher
station and the left arrow to tune to the next lower
station and stay there.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons
let you return to your favorite stations. You can set up
to 18 stations (six AM, six FM1 and six FM2) by
performing the following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM FM to select the band.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press AUTO TONE to select the equalization that
best suits the type of station selected.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons.
The radio will produce one beep. Whenever you
press that numbered button, the station you set
will return and the auto tone equalization that
you selected will also be automatically selected
for that button.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
3-14
P SCAN: Press and hold one of the arrows for more
than two seconds. The radio will produce one beep.
Use P SCAN to listen to each of your favorite stations
stored on your pushbuttons for a few seconds. The radio
will scan through each of the stations stored on your
pushbuttons, except those stations with weak reception.
The auto tone setting stored for that pushbutton will
be automatically chosen. Press P SCAN or one of the
pushbuttons again to stop scanning. SCAN will be
displayed whenever the tuner is in the P SCAN mode.
The channel number (P1 through P6) will appear with
the frequency. In FM mode, this function will scan
through the current band such as FM1 or FM2.
Setting the Tone
BASS: Press and release the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO
knob until BASS appears on the display. Then turn the
knob clockwise to increase bass and counterclockwise
to decrease bass. The display will show the bass level.
When you use this control, the radio’s auto tone setting
will switch to manual and the auto tone display will go
blank. To set the tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, press and hold the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO
knob when no tone or speaker control is active. The
radio will produce one beep and display ALL with the
level display in the middle position.
TREB: Press and release the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO
knob until TREB appears on the display. Turn the knob
clockwise to increase treble and counterclockwise to
decrease treble. The display will show the treble level.
When you use this control, the radio’s auto tone setting
will switch to manual and the auto tone display will go
blank. If a station is weak or noisy, you may want to
decrease the treble.
AUTO TONE: This feature allows you to choose preset
bass and treble equalization settings designed for rock,
news, pop, jazz, classic and country stations. TONE and
the preset equalization setting will appear on the display
when you press AUTO TONE. Each time you press it,
another setting will appear on the display. The manual
setting allows tone control to return to the bass and
treble controls. Use the pushbuttons and the AUTO
TONE button to program auto tone for station presets.
Adjusting the Speakers
BALANCE: Press and release the P-TYPE
LIST/AUDIO knob until BAL appears on the display.
Turn the knob clockwise to move the sound to the right
speakers and counterclockwise to move the sound to the
left speakers. The middle position balances the sound
between the speakers. The display will show the speaker
balance. To set the control to the middle position,
select the control and press and hold the P-TYPE
LIST/AUDIO knob. The radio will produce one beep
and set the display level to the middle position.
FADE: Press and release the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO
knob until FADE appears on the display. Turn the knob
clockwise to move the sound to the front speakers
and counterclockwise to move the sound to the rear
speakers. The middle position balances the sound
between the speakers. The display will show the
speaker balance.
3-15
Using RDS Mode
Accessing RDS Mode:
Your audio system is equipped with a Radio Data
System (RDS). RDS mode gives you many useful
new features. With RDS, the radio can do the following:
1. Push the SEEK TYPE button or turn the P-TYPE
LIST/AUDIO knob to display the program type list.
2. Turn the knob either clockwise or counterclockwise
to select a program type. The list is alphabetical.
3. Push the SEEK TYPE button to activate search.
D Seek only to stations with the types of programs
you want to listen to,
D seek to stations with traffic announcements,
D receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies, and
D receive and display messages from radio stations.
RDS features are only available for use on FM stations
which broadcast RDS information. The RDS features of
your radio rely upon receiving specific RDS information
from these stations. These features will only work when
the RDS information is available. In rare cases, a radio
station may broadcast incorrect information that will
cause the radio features to work improperly. If this
happens, please contact the radio station.
When you are tuned to an RDS station, the station name
will appear on the display, instead of the frequency. Most
RDS stations provide their station name, the time of day
and a Program Type (PTY) for their current programming.
3-16
VOL: Turn this knob clockwise to increase volume when
RDS interrupts regular play. Turn it counterclockwise to
decrease volume.
DISP: Press this knob to recall the RDS station
being played.
TRAF: Press this button to receive traffic
announcements. If the current tuned station does not
broadcast traffic announcements, the radio will seek to
a station that does. The TRAF icon will flash on the
display. When the radio finds a station that broadcasts
traffic announcements, it will stop. If no station is found,
NO TRAF will appear on the display.
When a traffic announcement comes on the tuned radio
station, you will hear it, even if the volume is muted
or a compact disc is playing. The TRAF icon and
TRAFFIC will appear on the display while the traffic
announcement plays. If the compact disc player was
being used, the compact disc will stay in the player and
resume play at the point where it stopped.
INFO: If the current station has a message, INFO
will appear on the display. Press this button to see the
message. If the whole message does not appear on the
display, each time you press this button, the next part of
the message will appear on the display until the message
is completed. Press this button again to see the message
again. Once the complete message has been displayed,
INFO will disappear from the display until another new
message is received.
ALERT!: This type of announcement warns of national
or local emergencies. You will not be able to turn off
alert announcements. ALERT! appears on the display
when an alert announcement plays. When an alert
announcement comes on the tuned radio station, you
will hear it, even if the volume is muted or a compact
disc is playing. If the compact disc player is playing,
play will stop for the announcement and resume when
the announcement is finished.
P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO: Turn this knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to select the Program Type (PTY) you
want to listen to. TYPE and a program type will appear
on the display.
ALTERNATE FREQUENCY: This feature allows
the radio to switch to a stronger station with the same
programming. Press and hold AM FM for two seconds
to turn alternate frequency on. AF ON will appear on
the display. The radio may switch to stronger stations.
Press and hold AM FM again for two seconds to turn
alternate frequency off. AF OFF will appear on the
display. The radio will not switch to other stations.
SEEK TYPE: Press this button to go to a station
with the last selected program type. TYPE and the last
selected program type will appear on the display, if it
is not already showing. If a station with the selected
program type is not found, the radio will return to the
original station and display NONE. If both seek type
and traf are on, the radio will search for stations with
traffic announcements and the selected program type.
3-17
Playing a Compact Disc
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in and the disc should begin playing.
The display will show the CD symbol. If you want to
insert a compact disc with the ignition off, first press
DISP or EJT.
If you’re driving on a very rough road or if it’s very hot,
the disc may not play and Err (error) may appear on
the display. When the road becomes smooth or the
temperature returns to normal, the disc should play.
If the disc comes out, it could be one of the following:
D The disc is upside down.
D It is dirty, scratched or wet.
D It is very humid. (If so, wait about an hour and
try again.)
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, please contact your dealer. If your radio
displays an error number, write it down and provide
it to your dealer when reporting the problem.
3-18
PREV (1): Press this button to go to the previous
track if the current selection has been playing for less
than eight seconds. If the PREV button is pressed
and the current selection has been playing for more than
eight seconds, it will go to the beginning of the current
selection. TRACK and the track number will appear on
the display. If you hold the button or press it more than
once, the player will continue moving back through the
disc. The sound will mute while seeking.
NEXT (2): Press this button to go to the next track.
TRACK and the track number will appear on the
display. If you hold the button or press it more than
once, the player will continue moving forward through
the disc. The sound will mute while seeking.
REV (3): Press and hold this button to reverse quickly
within a track. Press and hold this button for less than
two seconds to reverse at six times the normal playing
speed. Press and hold it for more than two seconds to
reverse at 17 times the normal playing speed. Release it
to play the passage. The display will show ET and the
elapsed time.
FWD (4): Press and hold this button to advance quickly
within a track. Press and hold this button for less than
two seconds to advance at six times the normal playing
speed. Press and hold it for more than two seconds to
advance at 17 times the normal playing speed. Release
it to play the passage. The display will show ET and the
elapsed time.
DISP: Press this button to see how long the current
track has been playing. ET and the elapsed time will
appear on the display. To change what is normally
shown on the display (track or elapsed time), press
the button until you see the display you want, then
hold the button for two seconds. The radio will produce
one beep.
CD (5): With a compact disc in the player and the radio
playing, press this button to play a compact disc. Press
AM FM to return to the radio when a compact disc is
playing. The inactive CD will remain safely inside the
radio for future listening.
AM FM: Press this button to play the radio when a
disc is in the player. The disc will stop but remain in
the player.
RDM (6): Press this button to hear the tracks in random,
rather than sequential, order. RDM ON will appear on
the display. RDM T and the track number will appear on
the display when each track starts to play. Press RDM
again to turn off random play. RDM OFF will appear
on the display.
SEEK: Press the SEEK (left arrow) button to go to
the start of the current or previous track. Press the SEEK
(right arrow) button to go to the start of the next track.
If either of the SEEK buttons is held or pressed more
then once, the player will continue moving backward or
forward through the CD.
CD AUX: With a compact disc in the player and the
radio playing, press this button to play a compact disc.
Press AM FM to return to the radio when a compact disc
is playing. The inactive CD will remain safely inside the
radio for future listening.
EJT: Press this button to remove the disc.
The radio will play. EJT may be activated with either
the ignition or radio off. CDs may be loaded with the
radio and ignition off if this button is pressed first.
CAL ERR: This message is displayed when the
radio has not been calibrated properly for the vehicle.
You must return to the dealership for service.
LOCKED: This message is displayed when the
THEFTLOCKR system has locked up. You must
return to the dealership for service.
3-19
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
Compact Disc Player with Radio Data
System (RDS) and Automatic Tone Control
(If Equipped)
AUTO VOL: Your system has a feature called
Speed-Compensated Volume (SCV). With SCV,
your audio system adjusts automatically to make up for
road and wind noise as you drive. Set the volume at the
desired level. Press AUTO VOL to adjust the SCV.
AVOL will appear on the display. Each time you press
AUTO VOL, another volume setting (LOW, MEDIUM
or HIGH) will appear on the display. NONE will appear
on the display if the radio cannot find out the vehicle
speed. Then, as you drive, SCV automatically increases
the volume, as necessary, to overcome noise at any
particular speed. The volume level should always sound
the same to you as you drive. If you don’t want to use
SCV, select OFF. Each volume setting allows for more
volume compensation at faster vehicle speeds.
Finding a Station
Playing the Radio
PWR: Press this button to turn the system on and off.
VOL: Turn this knob clockwise to increase volume.
Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
DISP: Press this button to display the clock with the
ignition off. Press this button to display an RDS station
frequency or program type when the radio is on.
3-20
AM FM: Press this button to switch between AM,
FM1 and FM2. The display shows your selection.
TUNE: Turn this knob to choose radio stations.
SEEK: Press the right arrow to tune to the next higher
station and the left arrow to tune to the next lower
station and stay there. The radio will seek to stations
with a strong signal only.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to
18 stations (six AM, six FM1 and six FM2) by
performing the following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM FM to select the band.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press AUTO TONE to select the equalization that
best suits the type of station selected.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons.
The radio will beep once to confirm. Whenever you
press that numbered button, the station you set will
return and the AUTO TONE equalization that you
selected will also be automatically selected for
that button.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
P SCAN: Press and hold one of the arrows for more
than two seconds. The radio will beep once to confirm.
Use P SCAN to listen to each of your favorite stations
stored on your pushbuttons for a few seconds.
The radio will scan through each of the stations stored
on your pushbuttons, except those stations with
weak reception. The auto tone setting stored for that
pushbutton will be automatically chosen. Press P SCAN
or one of the pushbuttons again to stop scanning. SCAN
will be displayed whenever the tuner is in the preset
scan mode. The channel number (P1 through P6) will
appear with the frequency. In FM mode, this function
will scan through the current band such as FM1 or FM2.
Setting the Tone
BASS: Press and release the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO
knob until BASS appears on the display. Then turn the
knob clockwise to increase bass and counterclockwise
to decrease bass. The display will show the bass level.
When you use this control, the radio’s auto tone setting
will switch to manual. To set bass to the middle position,
select the control and press and hold the P-TYPE
LIST/AUDIO knob. The radio will produce one beep
and set the display level to the middle position. To set all
tone and speaker controls to the middle position, press
and hold the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO knob when no
tone or speaker control is active. The radio will produce
one beep and display ALL with the level display in the
middle position.
3-21
TREBLE: Press and release the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO
knob until TREB appears on the display. Turn the knob
clockwise to increase treble and counterclockwise to
decrease treble. The display will show the treble level.
When you use this control, the radio’s auto tone setting
will switch to manual. If a station is weak or noisy, you
may want to decrease the treble. To set treble to the
middle position, select the control and press and hold the
P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO knob. The radio will produce
one beep and set the display level to the middle position.
To set all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, press and hold the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO
knob when no tone or speaker control is active.
The radio will produce one beep and display ALL with
the level display in the middle position.
AUTO TONE: This feature allows you to choose preset
bass and treble equalization settings designed for rock,
news, pop, jazz, classical and country music stations.
TONE and the preset equalization setting will appear on
the display when you press AUTO TONE. Each time
you press it, another setting will appear on the display.
The manual setting allows tone control to return to the
bass and treble controls. Use the pushbuttons and the
AUTO TONE button to program the auto tone for
station presets.
3-22
Adjusting the Speakers
BALANCE: Press and release the P-TYPE
LIST/AUDIO knob until BAL appears on the display.
Turn the knob clockwise to move the sound to the right
speakers and counterclockwise to move the sound to the
left speakers. The middle position balances the sound
between the speakers. The display will show the speaker
balance. To set the balance to the middle position,
select the control and press and hold the P-TYPE
LIST/AUDIO knob. The radio will produce one beep
and set the display level to the middle position. To set all
tone and speaker controls to the middle position, press
and hold the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO knob when no
tone or speaker control is active. The radio will produce
one beep and display ALL with the level display in the
middle position.
FADE: Press and release the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO
knob until FADE appears on the display. Turn the knob
clockwise to move the sound to the front speakers
and counterclockwise to move the sound to the rear
speakers. The middle position balances the sound
between the speakers. The display will show the
speaker balance.
To set the fade to the middle position, select the control
and press and hold the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO knob.
The radio will produce one beep and set the display
level to the middle position. To set all tone and speaker
controls to the middle position, press and hold the
P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO knob when no tone or
speaker control is active. The radio will produce one
beep and display ALL with the level display in the
middle position.
RDS is always on. RDS features are only available for
use on FM stations which broadcast RDS information.
The RDS features of your radio rely upon receiving
specific RDS information from these stations. These
features will only work when the RDS information is
available. In rare cases, a radio station may broadcast
incorrect information that will cause the radio features
to work improperly. If this happens, please contact the
radio station.
Using RDS
Your audio system is equipped with a Radio Data
System (RDS). RDS is a system that sends data along
with the audio of the FM station you are currently tuned
to. You can use RDS to display program information
and to control your radio. With RDS, the radio can do
the following:
When you are tuned to an RDS station, the station
name will appear on the display, instead of the
frequency. Most RDS stations provide their station
name, the time of day and a Program Type (PTY) for
their current programming. Some stations also provide
the name of the current program.
D Seek only to stations with the types of programs
you want to listen to,
D seek to stations with traffic announcements,
D receive announcements concerning local and
DISP: Press this knob to change what appears on the
display while using RDS. The display options are station
name, station frequency, PTY and the name of the
program (if available). Press and hold the display knob
to set the default display of the RDS station from the
displays available.
national emergencies, and
D receive and display messages from radio stations.
3-23
Accessing RDS Stations:
1. Push the SEEK TYPE button or turn the P-TYPE
LIST/AUDIO knob to display the program type list.
2. Turn the knob either clockwise or counterclockwise
to select a program type. The list is alphabetical.
If you select ANY TYPE your radio will seek to
the first PTY available.
3. Push the SEEK TYPE button to activate search.
TRAF: Press this button to receive traffic
announcements. If the current tuned station does not
broadcast traffic announcements, the radio will seek to a
station that does. The traf icon will flash on the display.
When the radio finds a station that broadcasts traffic
announcements, it will stop. If no station is found,
NO TRAF will appear on the display.
Traffic Interrupt Feature: Your radio can be
programmed to interrupt the playback of a cassette tape,
CD or FM radio by enabling the traffic interrupt feature.
Press the TRAF button once to seek to an RDS station
that supports the traffic interrupt feature if the current
tuned station does not. The traf icon will flash on the
display when seeking for a station that supports traffic
interrupt. When the traffic interrupt feature is on,
TRAF will appear on the display.
3-24
When a traffic announcement comes on the tuned radio
station, you will hear it, even if the volume is muted or
a cassette tape or compact disc is playing. The traf icon
and TRAFFIC will appear on the display while the
traffic announcement plays. If the cassette tape or
compact disc player was being used, the tape or compact
disc will stay in the player and resume play at the point
where it stopped.
VOL: Turn this knob clockwise to increase volume when
RDS interrupts regular play. Turn it counterclockwise to
decrease volume.
INFO: If the current station has a message, INFO will
appear on the display. These text messages are from the
RDS broadcaster to the listening public and may be
general information such as artist and song title, call in
phone numbers, etc. Press this button to see the message.
If the whole message does not appear on the display,
parts of the message will appear every three seconds until
the message is completed. To scroll through the message
at your own speed press the INFO button again for less
than one second. A new group of words will appear
on the display. Once the complete message has been
displayed, INFO will disappear from the display until
another new message is received. The old message can
be displayed by pressing the INFO button until a new
message is received or a different station is tuned to.
P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO: Turn this knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to select the Program Type (PTY)
you want to listen to. TYPE and PTY will appear on the
display. Press the SEEK TYPE button and the radio will
seek to the first RDS broadcaster of the selected PTY.
If the radio cannot find the desired PTY, NONE will
appear on the display and the radio will return to the last
station you were listening to.
SEEK TYPE: Press this button to go to a station with
the last selected PTY. TYPE and the last selected PTY
will appear on the display, if it is not already showing.
Press SEEK TYPE a second time to seek. If a station
with the selected PTY is not found, the radio will return
to the original station and display NONE.
ALERT!: This type of announcement warns of national
or local emergencies. You will not be able to turn off alert
announcements. ALERT! appears on the display when an
alert announcement plays. When an alert announcement
comes on the tuned radio station, you will hear it, even if
the volume is muted or a cassette tape or compact disc
is playing. If the cassette tape or compact disc player is
playing, play will stop for the announcement and resume
when the announcement is finished.
This function will only work during actual emergency
broadcasts, and will not work during tests of the
emergency broadcast system. This feature is not
supported by all RDS stations.
ALTERNATE FREQUENCY: This RDS feature
allows the radio to switch frequencies to the best quality
station with the same programming. Alternate frequency
is off by default from the factory. Press and hold
AM FM for two seconds to turn alternate frequency
on or off. AF ON or AF OFF will appear on the display
and the radio will beep once. The radio will not switch
to other stations when alternate frequency is off.
Playing a Cassette Tape
Your tape player is built to work best with tapes that are
up to 30 to 45 minutes long on each side. Tapes longer
than that are so thin they may not work well in this
player. The longer side with the tape visible should face
to the right. If the ignition is on, but the radio is off,
the tape can be inserted and will begin playing. A tape
symbol is shown on the display whenever a tape is
inserted. If you hear nothing but a garbled sound,
the tape may not be in squarely. Press EJT to remove
the tape and start over.
3-25
While the tape is playing, use the VOL, P-TYPE
LIST/AUDIO and SEEK controls just as you do for
the radio. The display will show TAPE and an arrow
showing which side of the tape is playing.
If you want to insert a tape when the ignition is off,
first press EJT or DISP.
If CHK TAPE appears on the radio display, the tape
won’t play because of an error.
CHK TAPE may be displayed when the tape is tight
and the player can’t turn the tape hubs. Remove the tape.
Hold the tape with the open end down and try to turn the
right hub counterclockwise with a pencil. Turn the tape
over and repeat. If the hubs do not turn easily, your
tape may be damaged and should not be used in the
player. Try a new tape to make sure your player is
working properly.
CHK TAPE may be displayed when the tape is broken.
Try a new tape.
CHK TAPE may be displayed when the tape is wrapped
around the tape head. Attempt to get the cassette out.
Try a new tape.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, please contact your dealer.
3-26
PREV (1): Press this button or the left SEEK arrow to
go to the previous selection on the tape if the selection
has been playing for less than three seconds. If the
PREV button or the left SEEK arrow is pressed and
the current selection has been playing for more than
13 seconds, it will go to the beginning of the current
selection. If the PREV button or the left SEEK arrow
is pressed and the current selection has been playing
from three to 13 seconds, it will go to the beginning of
the previous selection or the beginning of the current
selection, depending on the position on the tape. SEEK
and a “-1” will appear on the display while the cassette
player is in PREV mode. If PREV or the left SEEK
arrow is pressed additional times or held, the radio will
go to displayed number of previous selections up to“9”.
SEEK and a negative number will appear on the display.
Your tape must have at least three seconds of silence
between each selection for PREV to work. The sound
will mute while seeking.
NEXT (2): Press this button to go to the next selection
on the tape. If you press the button more than once, the
player will continue moving forward through the tape.
SEEK and a positive number will appear on the display.
Your tape must have at least three seconds of silence
between each selection for NEXT to work. To forward
through each selection press the right SEEK arrow.
The sound will mute while seeking.
REV (3): Press this button to reverse the tape rapidly.
Press it again to return to playing speed. The radio
will play the last selected station while the tape reverses.
The station frequency and REV will appear on the
display. You may select stations during REV operation
by using the TUNE, SEEK and the P SCAN controls.
FWD (4): Press this button to advance quickly to
another part of the tape. Press the button again to return
to playing speed. The radio will play the last selected
station while the tape advances. The station frequency
and FWD will appear on the display. You may select
stations during FWD operation by using the TUNE,
SEEK and the P SCAN controls.
SIDE (5): Press this button to play the other side of
the tape. TAPE and an up or down arrow will appear on
the display.
D
(6): Press this button to reduce background noise.
NR ON will appear on the display. Press it again to turn
Dolby off. NR OFF will appear on the display.
Dolby Noise Reduction is manufactured under a
license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
Dolby and the double-D symbol are trademarks of
Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
SEEK: SEEK(right arrow) is the same as NEXT,
and SEEK (left arrow) is the same as PREV. If the
button is held or pressed more than once, the player will
continue moving forward or backward through the tape.
SEEK and a positive or negative number will appear on
the display.
AM FM: Press this button to play the radio when
a tape is in the player. The tape will stop but remain in
the player.
TAPE CD: With a tape in the player and the radio
playing, press this button to play a tape. Press AM FM
to return to the radio when a tape is playing. Press
TAPE CD to switch between the tape and compact disc
if both are loaded. The inactive tape or CD will remain
safely inside the radio for future listening.
3-27
EJT: Press this button located next to the cassette
slot to remove a tape. The radio will play. EJT may be
activated with the radio off. Cassette tapes may be
loaded with the radio off if this button is pressed first.
CLEAN: If this message appears on the display, the
cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still play
tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to
prevent damage to the tapes and player. See “Care of
Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index. After you clean
the player, press and hold the cassette eject button for
five seconds to reset the CLEAN indicator. The radio
display will display CLEANED to show the indicator
was reset.
Tight/Loose Tape Sensor Defeat
With the radio off and the ignition on, press and hold the
TAPE CD button to disable the tight/loose tape sensing
feature to enable play of some tape head cleaners and
portable CD adapters. The radio will display READY
and flash the cassette icon. The tight/loose tape sensing
feature will then be disabled until the next time a
cassette is ejected.
3-28
Playing a Compact Disc
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up.
The player will pull it in. The disc should begin playing.
The display will show the CD symbol. If you want to
insert a compact disc with the ignition off, first press
DISP or EJT.
If you’re driving on a very rough road or if it’s very hot,
the disc may not play and CHECK CD may appear
on the display. When the road becomes smooth or the
temperature returns to normal, the disc should play.
If the disc comes out, it could be one of the following:
D The disc is upside down.
D It is dirty, scratched or wet.
D It is very humid. (If so, wait about an hour
and try again.)
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, please contact your dealer.
PREV (1): Press this button or the left SEEK arrow
to go to the previous track if the current selection has
been playing for less than eight seconds. If the PREV
button or the left SEEK arrow is pressed and the current
selection has been playing for more than eight seconds,
it will go to the beginning of the current selection.
TRACK and the track number will appear on the
display. If you hold the button or press it more than
once, the player will continue moving back through the
disc. The sound will mute while seeking.
NEXT (2): Press this button or the right SEEK arrow to
go to the next track. TRACK and the track number will
appear on the display. If you hold the button or the right
SEEK arrow, or press it more than once, the player will
continue moving forward through the disc. The sound
will mute while seeking.
REV (3): Press and hold this button to reverse quickly
within a track. Press and hold this button for less than
two seconds to reverse at six times the normal playing
speed. Press and hold it for more than two seconds to
reverse at 17 times the normal playing speed. Release it
to play the passage. The display will show ET and the
elapsed time.
FWD (4): Press and hold this button to advance quickly
within a track. Press and hold this button for less than
two seconds to advance at six times the normal playing
speed. Press and hold it for more than two seconds to
advance at 17 times the normal playing speed. Release it
to play the passage. The display will show ET and the
elapsed time.
CD (5): With a compact disc in the player and the
radio playing, press this button to play a compact disc.
Press AM FM to return to the radio when a compact disc
is playing. The inactive CD will remain safely inside the
radio for future listening.
RDM (6): Press this button to hear the tracks in random,
rather than sequential, order. RDM ON will show on the
display. RDM T and the track number will appear on the
display when each track starts to play. Press RDM again
to turn off random play. RDM OFF will appear on
the display.
SEEK: Press the SEEK (left arrow) button to go to
the start of the current or previous track. Press the SEEK
(right arrow) button to go to the start of the next track.
If either of the SEEK buttons is held or pressed more
then once, the player will continue moving backward or
forward through the CD.
3-29
DISP: Press this button to see how long the current track
has been playing. ET and the elapsed time will appear on
the display. To change what is normally shown on the
display (track or elapsed time), press the button until
you see the display you want, then hold the button for
two seconds. The radio will produce one beep.
AM FM: Press this button to play the radio when a
disc is in the player. The disc will stop but remain in
the player.
TAPE CD: With a CD in the player and the radio
playing, press this button to play a CD. Press AM FM
to return to the radio when a CD is playing. Press TAPE
CD to switch between the tape and compact disc if both
are loaded. The inactive tape or CD will remain safely
inside the radio for future listening.
EJT: Press this button located below the CD slot
to remove the disc. The radio will play. EJT may be
activated with either the ignition or radio off.
CDs may be loaded with the radio and ignition off
if this button is pressed first.
CAL ERR: This message is displayed when the
radio has not been calibrated properly for the vehicle.
You must return to the dealership for service.
LOCKED: This message is displayed when the
THEFTLOCKR system has locked up. You must
return to the dealership for service.
3-30
AM-FM Stereo with 6-Disc Compact Disc
Player with Programmable Equalization
and Radio Data System (RDS) (Option)
Playing the Radio
VOLUME PWR: Press this knob to turn the system
on and off. To increase volume, turn the knob clockwise.
Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
AUTO VOL: Your system has a feature called automatic
volume. With this feature, your audio system adjusts
automatically to make up for road and wind noise as
you drive. Set the volume at the desired level. Press
this button to select MIN, MED or MAX.
Each choice allows for more volume compensation at
faster vehicle speeds. Then, as you drive, automatic
volume automatically increases the volume, as necessary,
to overcome noise at any particular speed. The volume
level should always sound the same to you as you drive.
If you don’t want to use automatic volume, select OFF.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons
let you return to your favorite stations. You can set up
to 18 stations (six AM, six FM1 and six FM2) by
performing the following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM FM to select the band.
Finding a Station
AM FM: Press this button to switch between AM, FM1
and FM2. The display shows your selection.
TUNE: Turn this knob to select radio stations.
SEEK: Press the right or left arrow to go to the next
higher or lower station and stay there. The sound will
mute while seeking.
SCAN: Press and hold either SEEK SCAN arrow for
two seconds until SC appears on the display and you
hear a beep. Use SCAN to listen to stations for a few
seconds. The radio will go to a station, stop for a few
seconds, then go on to the next station. Press either
SEEK SCAN arrow again to stop scanning. If you
press SEEK SCAN for more than four seconds, the
radio will change to preset scan mode. The sound will
mute while scanning.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press AUTO EQ to select the equalization that best
suits the type of station selected.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons
until you hear a beep. Whenever you press that
numbered button, the station you set will return
and the equalization that you selected will also be
automatically selected for that button.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
PRESET SCAN: Press and hold either SEEK SCAN
arrow for more than four seconds, PRESET SCAN will
appear on the display. You will hear a double beep and
the “P” will blink with the preset number. Use PRESET
SCAN to listen to each of your preset stations for a few
seconds. The radio will go to a preset station stored on
your pushbuttons, stop for a few seconds, then go on to
the next preset station. Press either SEEK SCAN arrow
again to stop scanning presets.
3-31
Setting the Tone
BASS: Press the AUDIO knob until BASS appears on
the display. Turn the knob to increase or decrease bass.
When you use this control, the radio’s tone setting will
switch to custom.
TREB: Press the AUDIO knob until TREB appears on
the display. Turn the knob to increase or decrease treble.
When you use this control, the radio’s tone setting will
switch to custom. If a station is weak or noisy, you may
want to decrease the treble.
To set the bass to the middle position, select BASS and
press and hold the AUDIO knob. The radio will produce
one beep and set the display level to zero. To set all tone
and speaker controls to the middle position, press and
hold the AUDIO knob when no tone or speaker control
is active. The radio will produce one beep and
CENTERED will appear on the display.
To set treble to the middle position, select TREB and
press and hold the AUDIO knob. The radio will produce
one beep and set the display level to zero. To set all tone
and speaker controls to the middle position, press and
hold the AUDIO knob when no tone or speaker control
is active. The radio will produce one beep and
CENTERED will appear on the display.
MID: Press the AUDIO knob until MID appears on
the display. Turn the knob to increase or decrease mid.
When you use this control, the radio’s tone setting will
switch to custom.
AUTO EQ: This feature allows you to choose preset
bass, mid and treble equalization settings designed for
country, jazz, talk, pop, rock and classical stations.
The last setting will appear on the display when you
first press AUTO EQ. Each time you press AUTO EQ,
another setting will appear on the display. Press
AUTO EQ again after TALK appears and CUSTOM
will appear. Tone control will return to the BASS, MID
and TREB. Also, if you alter BASS, MID, or TREB
while in an auto EQ setting, the radio will return to
CUSTOM. CUSTOM will appear on the display.
To set the mid to the middle position, select MID and
press and hold the AUDIO knob. The radio will produce
one beep and set the display level to zero. To set all
tone and speaker controls to the middle position, press
and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone or speaker
control is active. The radio will produce one beep and
CENTERED will appear on the display.
3-32
Using RDS Mode
Your audio system is equipped with a Radio Data
System (RDS). RDS mode gives you many useful
new features. With RDS, the radio can do the following:
D Seek only to stations with the types of programs
you want to listen to,
D seek to stations with traffic announcements,
D receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies, and
D receive and display messages from radio stations.
RDS features are only available for use on FM stations
which broadcast RDS information. The RDS features of
your radio rely upon receiving specific RDS information
from these stations. These features will only work when
the RDS information is available. In rare cases, a radio
station may broadcast incorrect information that will
cause the radio features to work improperly. If this
happens, please contact the radio station.
When you are tuned to an RDS station, the station
name will appear on the display, instead of the
frequency. Most RDS stations provide their station
name, the time of day and a Program Type (PTY)
for their current programming.
TRAF: Press this button to receive traffic announcements.
The traffic announcement brackets will appear on the
display. TRAF will appear on the display if the tuned
station broadcasts traffic announcements. If the current
tuned station does not broadcast traffic announcements,
the radio will seek to a station that does. When the radio
finds a station that broadcasts traffic announcements,
it will stop. If no station is found, NONE FOUND will
appear on the display.
When a traffic announcement comes on the tuned
radio station or a related network station, you will hear
it, even if the volume is muted or a compact disc is
playing. If the compact disc player was being used,
the compact disc will stay in the player and resume
play at the point where it stopped.
INFO: If the current station has a message, INFO
will appear on the display. Press this button to see the
message. If the whole message does not appear on
the display, parts of the message will appear every
three seconds until the message is completed. To see
the parts of the message faster than every three seconds,
press this button again. A new group of words will
appear on the display. Once the complete message has
been displayed, INFO will disappear from the display
until another new message is received.
3-33
P-TYPE: This button is used to turn on and off
Program Type (PTY) selections. PTY and the light next
to the button will turn on. The last selected PTY will
appear on the display for five seconds. Turn the P-TYPE
knob to select the PTY you want to listen to. Press the
SEEK SCAN arrows to find radio stations of the PTY
you want to listen to. The last PTY selected will be used
for seek or scan modes. If a station with the selected
PTY is not found, NONE FOUND will appear on the
display. If both P-TYPE and TRAF are on, the radio
will search for stations with traffic announcements and
the selected PTY.
To use the P-TYPE interrupt feature, press and hold
the P-TYPE button until you hear a beep on the PTY
you want to interrupt on. When you are listening to a
compact disc, the last selected RDS FM station will
interrupt play if that selected PTY format is broadcast.
3-34
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons
let you return to your favorite Program Types (PTYs).
These buttons have factory PTY presets. You can set up
to 12 PTYs (six FM1 and six FM2) by performing the
following steps:
1. Press P-TYPE, if it is not already on.
2. Press AM FM to select FM1 or FM2.
3. Turn the P-TYPE knob to select a PTY.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons until
you hear a beep. Whenever you press that numbered
button, the PTY you set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
ALERT!: This type of announcement warns of national
or local emergencies. You will not be able to turn off
alert announcements. ALERT! appears on the display
when an alert announcement plays. When an alert
announcement comes on the tuned radio station, you
will hear it, even if the volume is muted or a compact
disc is playing. If the compact disc player is playing,
play will stop for the announcement and resume when
the announcement is finished.
ALTERNATE FREQUENCY: This feature allows
the radio to switch to a stronger station with the same
program type. Press and hold AM FM for two seconds
to turn alternate frequency on. AF ON will appear on the
display. The radio may switch to stronger stations. Press
and hold AM FM again for two seconds to turn alternate
frequency off. AF OFF will appear on the display. The
radio will not switch to other stations. When you turn
the ignition off and then on again, the alternate
frequency feature will automatically be turned on.
Adjusting the Speakers
BAL-FADE: The AUDIO knob adjusts balance and
fade. To adjust balance, press the AUDIO knob until
BAL appears on the display. Turn the knob to adjust the
sound to the left or right speakers. The middle position
balances the sound between the speakers. To adjust fade,
press and hold the AUDIO knob until FAD appears on
the display. Turn the knob to adjust the sound to the
front or rear speakers. The middle position balances the
sound between the speakers.
To set the balance and fade to the middle position, select
balance or fade and press and hold the AUDIO knob.
The radio will beep once and will set the display level to
the middle position. To set all tone and speaker controls
to the middle position, press and hold the AUDIO knob
when tone or speaker controls are not active. The radio
will produce one beep and CENTERED will appear on
the display.
Playing a Compact Disc
LOAD: This compact disc player will accommodate up
to six discs.
To insert one disc do the following:
1. Turn the ignition on.
2. Press and release the LOAD button.
3. Wait for the light, located to the right of the slot,
to turn green.
4. Load a disc. Insert a disc partway into the slot, label
side up. The player will pull the disc in.
When the disc is inserted, the CD symbol will be
displayed. If you select an EQ setting for your disc,
it will be activated each time you play a disc.
If the radio is on or off, the disc will begin to
play automatically.
3-35
To insert multiple discs do the following:
1. Turn the ignition on.
2. Press and hold the LOAD button for two seconds.
You will then hear a beep and the light, located to
the right of the slot, will begin to flash.
3. Once the light stops flashing and turns green, load a
disc. Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up.
The player will pull the disc in.
Once the disc is loaded, the light will begin flashing
again. Once the light stops flashing and turns green
you can then load another disc. The disc player takes
up to six discs. Do not try to load more than six.
When a disc is inserted, the CD symbol will be
displayed. If more than one disc has been loaded,
a number for each disc will be displayed. If you
select an EQ setting for your disc, it will be activated
each time you play a disc.
If the radio is on or off, the last disc loaded will
begin to play automatically.
3-36
4. To load more than one disc but less than six,
complete Steps 1, 2 and 3. When you have finished
loading discs, with the radio on or off, press LOAD
to cancel the loading function. The radio will begin
to play the last CD loaded.
As each new track starts to play, the track number will
appear on the display.
Playing a Specific Loaded CD: For every CD loaded,
a number will appear on the radio display. To play a
specific CD, first press the CD AUX button to start
playing a CD. Then press the numbered button that
corresponds to the CD you want to play. A small bar
will appear under the CD number that is playing, and
the track number will appear.
If CHECK CD appears on the radio display, it could be
due to one of the following conditions:
D The road is too rough. The disc should play when
the road is smoother.
D The disc is dirty, scratched, wet or upside down.
D The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, please contact your dealer. If your radio
displays an error message, write it down and provide
it to your dealer when reporting the problem.
CD
: This button will eject a disc or discs, if you
have multiple discs loaded. To eject a disc or discs from
the disc player perform one of the following steps:
D Press and release the eject button to eject the disc
that is currently playing, or
D to eject all of the discs, press this button for two
seconds, you will hear a beep, and the light will flash
to let you know when a disc is being ejected.
When the eject button is pressed, the receiver will eject
the disc and REMOVE CD will be displayed. You can
now remove the disc. If the disc is not removed, after
25 seconds, the disc will be automatically pulled back
into the receiver. If you try to push the disc back into the
receiver, before the 25 second time period is complete,
the receiver will sense an error and will try to eject
the disc several times before stopping. You cannot
repeatedly press the eject button to eject the disc
after you have tried to push the CD in manually.
The receivers 25-second eject timer will reset at each
press of eject, which will cause the receiver to not eject
the disc until the 25-second time period has elapsed.
Once the player stops and the disc is ejected, remove the
disc. After removing the disc, press the VOLUME PWR
knob off and then on again. This will clear the disc-sensing
feature and enable discs to be loaded into the player again.
REV: Press and hold this button to reverse quickly
within a track. Release it to play the passage. You will
hear sound at a reduced volume. The display will show
elapsed time.
FWD: Press and hold this button to advance quickly
within a track. Release it to play the passage. You will
hear sound at a reduced volume. The display will show
elapsed time.
RPT: With repeat, you can repeat one track or an entire
disc. To use repeat, do the following:
D To repeat the track you are listening to, press and
release the RPT button. RPT will appear on the
display. Press RPT again to turn it off.
D To repeat the disc you are listening to, press and hold
the RPT button for two seconds. Press RPT again to
turn if off.
3-37
RDM: With random, you can listen to the tracks in
random, rather than sequential order, on all of the discs
or on one disc. To use random, do the following:
D Press and release the RDM button to play the tracks
on all of the discs that are loaded, in random order.
RDM will appear in the display. Press RDM to turn
it off.
D To play the tracks on the disc you are listening to in
random order, press and hold RDM for more than
two seconds. You will hear a beep and RDM will
appear on the display. Press RDM again to turn if off.
AUTO EQ: Press AUTO EQ to select the desired preset
equalization setting while playing a compact disc. The
equalization will be automatically set whenever you
play a compact disc.
SEEK: Press the left arrow while playing a CD to go to
the start of the current track, if more than ten seconds
have played. Press the right arrow to go to the next
track. If you press the button more than once, the
player will continue moving backward or forward
through the disc.
3-38
SCAN: Press and hold either SEEK SCAN arrow for
more than two seconds until SCAN appears on the
display and you hear a beep. Use SEEK SCAN to
listen to each track for a few seconds. The sound will
mute while scanning. SCAN will appear on the display.
Press either SEEK SCAN arrow again, to stop scanning.
DISC SCAN: Press and hold either SEEK SCAN arrow
for more than four seconds until DISC SCAN appears
on the display and you hear a beep. Use DISC SCAN
to listen to the first track, for ten seconds of each disc
loaded. The sound will mute while scanning to the next
track. DISC SCAN will appear on the display. Press
either SEEK SCAN arrow again, to stop scanning.
RCL: Press this button to see how long the current track
has been playing. To change what is normally shown on
the display (track or elapsed time), press the button until
you see the display you want, then hold the button until
the display flashes.
AM FM: Press this button to play the radio when a disc
is in the player.
Using Song List Mode
The integrated 6-disc CD changer has a feature
called song list. This feature is capable of saving
20 track selections.
To save tracks into SONG LIST perform the
following steps:
1. The disc player must be on with at least one disc
loaded. See “LOAD/EJECT” previously for
more information.
To play the song list, press SONG LIST. One beep will
be heard and S-LIST will appear on the display.
The recorded tracks will begin to play in the order that
they were saved.
You may seek through the song list by using the
SEEK SCAN arrows. Seeking past the last saved
track will return you to the first saved track.
To delete tracks from SONG LIST perform the
following steps:
2. The disc changer must not be in song list mode.
S-LIST should not appear in the display. If S-LIST
is present, press SONG LIST to turn it off.
1. The disc player must be turned on.
3. Select the desired disc by pressing the numbered
pushbutton and then use the SEEK SCAN right
arrow button to locate the track that you want to
save. The track will begin to play.
3. Press the SEEK SCAN arrows to select the desired
track to be deleted.
4. Press and hold SONG LIST for two or more seconds
to save the track into memory. When SONG LIST
is pressed a beep will be heard immediately. After
two seconds of pressing SONG LIST continuously,
two beeps will sound, to confirm that the track has
been saved.
2. Press SONG LIST to turn song list on. S-LIST
will appear on the display.
4. Press and hold the SONG LIST button for
two seconds. When pressing SONG LIST one beep
will be heard immediately. After two seconds of
pressing the SONG LIST button continuously,
two beeps will be heard, to confirm that the track
has been deleted.
5. Repeat Steps 3 and 4 for saving other selections.
3-39
After a track has been deleted, the remaining tracks are
moved up the list. When another track is added to the
song list, the tracks will be added to the end of the list.
Rear Seat Audio (If Equipped)
To delete the entire SONG LIST perform the
following steps:
1. The disc player must be on.
2. Press SONG LIST to turn song list on. S-LIST
will appear on the display.
3. Press and hold SONG LIST for more than
four seconds. A beep will be heard, followed by
two beeps after two seconds and a final beep will
be heard after four seconds. S-LIST EMPTY will
appear on the display indicating that the song list
has been deleted.
If a disc is ejected, and the song list contains saved
tracks from that disc, those tracks are automatically
deleted from the song list.
To end SONG LIST mode, press the SONG LIST
button. One beep will be heard and S-LIST will be
removed from the display.
This feature allows rear seat passengers to listen to any
of the music sources including AM-FM, automatic tone
control, cassette tapes or CDs. However, the rear seat
passengers can only control the music sources that the
front seat passengers are not listening to. For example,
rear seat passengers may listen to a cassette tape or CD
through headphones while the driver listens to the radio
through the front speakers. The rear seat passengers
have control of the volume for each set of headphones.
Be aware that the front seat audio controls always
override the rear seat audio controls.
This feature is intended for rear seat passengers.
3-40
The following function is controlled by the primary
radio knob:
POWER-VOL: Push this knob twice to turn the
rear seat audio system on or off. ON or OFF will be
displayed for five seconds. The rear speakers will be
muted when the power is turned on. You may operate
the rear seat audio functions when the primary radio
power is off if the ignition is on.
The following functions are controlled by the rear seat
audio system buttons:
AM FM: Press this button to switch between AM,
FM1 and FM2. The display will show your frequency
selection. If the front passengers are already listening to
AM-FM, the rear seat audio controller will not switch
between the bands and cannot change the frequency.
SEEK: Press the up arrow to tune to the next higher
station and stay there. Press the down arrow to tune to
the next lower station and stay there. The display will
show your selection. The sound will mute while seeking.
The SEEK button is inactive if the AM FM mode on
the front radio is in use.
PWR: Press this button to turn the rear seat audio
system on or off. The rear speakers will be muted when
the power is turned on. You may operate the rear seat
audio functions even when the primary radio power
is off.
While listening to a cassette tape, press the up arrow to
hear the next selection on the tape. Press the down arrow
to go back to the previous selection. The SEEK button
is inactive if the tape mode on the front radio is in use.
VOL: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob clockwise to increase volume and counterclockwise
to decrease volume. Push the knob back into its stored
position when you’re not using it. The upper VOL knob
controls the upper headphone and the lower VOL knob
controls the lower headphone.
While listening to a CD, press the up arrow to hear the
next selection on the CD. Press the down arrow to go
back to the start of the current selection (if more than
eight seconds have played). The SEEK button is inactive
if the CD mode on the front radio (if equipped) or the
CD changer is in use.
3-41
P.SET PROG: The front passengers must be listening to
something different for each of these functions to work:
D Press this button to seek through your preset radio
stations set on your primary radio pushbuttons.
The display will show your selections.
D When a cassette tape is playing, press this button
to go to the other side of the tape.
TAPE CD: With a cassette tape in the player and the
radio playing, press this button to play a cassette tape.
Press TAPE CD to switch between the tape and compact
disc if both are loaded. Press AM FM to return to the
radio when a cassette tape or compact disc is playing.
The inactive tape or CD will remain safely inside the
radio for future listening.
Theft-Deterrent Feature Non-RDS Radios
THEFTLOCKR is designed to discourage theft of your
radio. The feature works automatically by learning a
portion of the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
If the radio is moved to a different vehicle, it will not
operate and LOCKED will be displayed.
When the radio and vehicle are turned off, the blinking
red light indicates that THEFTLOCK is armed.
With THEFTLOCK activated, your radio will not
operate if stolen.
Theft-Deterrent Feature RDS Radios
THEFTLOCKR is designed to discourage theft of
your radio. The feature works automatically by learning
a portion of the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
If the radio is moved to a different vehicle, it will not
operate and LOCKED will be displayed.
With THEFTLOCK activated, your radio will not
operate if stolen.
3-42
Understanding Radio Reception
To help avoid hearing loss or damage:
AM
D Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting.
D Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably
The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM,
especially at night. The longer range, however, can
cause stations to interfere with each other. AM can
pick up noise from things like storms and power lines.
Try reducing the treble to reduce this noise if you ever
get it.
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give you the best sound, but FM signals
will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km).
Tall buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals,
causing the sound to come and go.
Tips About Your Audio System
Hearing damage from loud noise is almost undetectable
until it is too late. Your hearing can adapt to higher
volumes of sound. Sound that seems normal can be
loud and harmful to your hearing. Take precautions by
adjusting the volume control on your radio to a safe
sound level before your hearing adapts to it.
and clearly.
NOTICE:
Before you add any sound equipment to your
vehicle -- like a tape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio -- be sure you can
add what you want. If you can, it’s very
important to do it properly. Added sound
equipment may interfere with the operation of
your vehicle’s engine, Delphi Delco Electronics
radio or other systems, and even damage them.
Your vehicle’s systems may interfere with the
operation of sound equipment that has been
added improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment, check with
your dealership and be sure to check Federal
rules covering mobile radio and telephone units.
3-43
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
A tape player that is not cleaned regularly can cause
reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes or a damaged
mechanism. Cassette tapes should be stored in their
cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight and
extreme heat. If they aren’t, they may not operate
properly or may cause failure of the tape player.
Your tape player should be cleaned regularly after every
50 hours of use. Your radio may display CLN to indicate
that you have used your tape player for 50 hours without
resetting the tape clean timer. If this message appears
on the display, your cassette tape player needs to be
cleaned. It will still play tapes, but you should clean it
as soon as possible to prevent damage to your tapes
and player. If you notice a reduction in sound quality,
try a known good cassette to see if it is the tape or the
tape player at fault. If this other cassette has no
improvement in sound quality, clean the tape player.
The recommended cleaning method for your
cassette tape player is the use of a scrubbing action,
non-abrasive cleaning cassette with pads which scrub
the tape head as the hubs of the cleaner cassette turn.
The recommended cleaning cassette is available through
your dealership (GM Part No. 12344789).
3-44
When using a scrubbing action, non-abrasive cleaning
cassette, it is normal for the cassette to eject because
your unit is equipped with a cut tape detection feature
and a cleaning cassette may appear as a broken tape.
To prevent the cleaning cassette from being ejected,
use the following steps.
1. Turn the ignition to RUN or ACCESSORY.
2. Turn the radio off.
3. Press and hold the TAPE CD button for five seconds.
READY will appear on the display for five seconds.
4. Insert the scrubbing action cleaning cassette.
5. Eject the cleaning cassette after the manufacturer’s
recommended cleaning time.
When the cleaning cassette has been ejected, the cut tape
detection feature is active again.
You may also choose a non-scrubbing action, wet-type
cleaner which uses a cassette with a fabric belt to clean
the tape head. This type of cleaning cassette will not
eject on its own. A non-scrubbing action cleaner may
not clean as thoroughly as the scrubbing type cleaner.
The use of a non-scrubbing action, dry-type cleaning
cassette is not recommended.
After you clean the player, press and hold EJECT for
five seconds to reset the CLN indicator. The radio will
display --- to show the indicator was reset.
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality
may degrade over time. Always make sure the cassette
tape is in good condition before you have your tape
player serviced.
Care of Your Compact Discs
Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original cases
or other protective cases and away from direct sunlight
and dust. If the surface of a disc is soiled, dampen a
clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution
and clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.
Care of Your Compact Disc Player
The use of CD lens cleaner discs is not advised, due to
the risk of contaminating the lens of the CD optics with
lubricants internal to the CD mechanism.
Integrated Windshield Antenna
The antenna in your vehicle is a very thin, metal layer
in the windshield. If you look near the edges of the
windshield, you can see the outline of the antenna.
The connector is at the top of the windshield, where
the headliner ends.
If you experience difficulty with remote transmitters,
such as a garage door opener, try pointing the device
through the very top of the windshield.
Be sure never to touch the side without writing when
handling discs. Pick up discs by grasping the outer edges
or the edge of the hole and the outer edge.
3-45
Section 4 Your Driving and the Road
Here you’ll find information about driving on different kinds of roads and in varying weather conditions. We’ve also
included many other useful tips on driving.
4-2
4-3
4-6
4-6
4-9
4-11
4-13
4-13
4-15
4-16
Defensive Driving
Drunken Driving
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
Traction Control System (Option)
Steering
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
Loss of Control
Driving at Night
4-17
4-20
4-21
4-22
4-23
4-23
4-25
4-29
4-30
4-32
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
City Driving
Freeway Driving
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Winter Driving
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Loading Your Vehicle
Towing a Trailer
4-
4-1
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”
On city streets, rural roads or freeways, it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to
be careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they
might do. Be ready for their mistakes.
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable
of accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough
following distance. It’s the best defensive driving
maneuver, in both city and rural driving. You never
know when the vehicle in front of you is going to
brake or turn suddenly.
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is:
Drive defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in your
vehicle: Buckle up. See “Safety Belts” in the Index.
4-2
Defensive driving requires that a driver concentrate
on the driving task. Anything that distracts from the
driving task -- such as concentrating on a cellular
telephone call, reading, or reaching for something on
the floor -- makes proper defensive driving more
difficult and can even cause a collision, with resulting
injury. Ask a passenger to help do things like this,
or pull off the road in a safe place to do them yourself.
These simple defensive driving techniques could save
your life.
Drunken Driving
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is
a national tragedy. It’s the number one contributor to
the highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims
every year.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive
a vehicle:
D
D
D
D
Judgment
Muscular Coordination
Vision
Attentiveness.
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases,
these deaths are the result of someone who was drinking
and driving. In recent years, about 16,000 annual motor
vehicle-related deaths have been associated with the use
of alcohol, with more than 300,000 people injured.
Many adults -- by some estimates, nearly half the
adult population -- choose never to drink alcohol,
so they never drive after drinking. For persons under 21,
it’s against the law in every U.S. state to drink alcohol.
There are good medical, psychological and
developmental reasons for these laws.
The obvious way to solve the leading highway safety
problem is for people never to drink alcohol and then
drive. But what if people do? How much is “too much”
if the driver plans to drive? It’s a lot less than many
might think. Although it depends on each person
and situation, here is some general information on
the problem.
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone
who is drinking depends upon four things:
D The amount of alcohol consumed
D The drinker’s body weight
D The amount of food that is consumed before and
during drinking
D The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol.
According to the American Medical Association, a
180-lb. (82 kg) person who drinks three 12-ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a
BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce (120 ml) glasses
of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces
(45 ml) of a liquor like whiskey, gin or vodka.
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Since alcohol is carried in body water, this means that
a woman generally will reach a higher BAC level than a
man of her same body weight when each has the same
number of drinks.
The law in many U.S. states sets the legal limit at a BAC
of 0.10 percent. In a growing number of U.S. states, and
throughout Canada, the limit is 0.08 percent. In some
other countries, it’s even lower. The BAC limit for all
commercial drivers in the United States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to
six drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we’ve seen,
it depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks,
and how quickly the person drinks them.
It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if
the same person drank three double martinis (3 ounces
or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the person’s
BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A person who
consumes food just before or during drinking will have
a somewhat lower BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally have
a lower relative percentage of body water than men.
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But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC of
0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills
of many people are impaired at a BAC approaching
0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night. All
drivers are impaired at BAC levels above 0.05 percent.
Statistics show that the chance of being in a collision
increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of
0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of
0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of having
a collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance
of this driver having a collision is 12 times greater; at a
level of 0.15 percent, the chance is 25 times greater!
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol
in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold
showers will speed that up. “I’ll be careful” isn’t the
right answer. What if there’s an emergency, a need to
take sudden action, as when a child darts into the street?
A person with even a moderate BAC might not be able
to react quickly enough to avoid the collision.
There’s something else about drinking and driving that
many people don’t know. Medical research shows that
alcohol in a person’s system can make crash injuries
worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cord or
heart. This means that when anyone who has been
drinking -- driver or passenger -- is in a crash,
that person’s chance of being killed or permanently
disabled is higher than if the person had not
been drinking.
CAUTION:
Drinking and then driving is very dangerous.
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness and
judgment can be affected by even a small amount
of alcohol. You can have a serious -- or even
fatal -- collision if you drive after drinking.
Please don’t drink and drive or ride with a
driver who has been drinking. Ride home in a
cab; or if you’re with a group, designate a driver
who will not drink.
4-5
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
You have three systems that make your vehicle go where
you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering and
the accelerator. All three systems have to do their work
at the places where the tires meet the road.
Braking action involves perception time and
reaction time.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
That’s perception time. Then you have to bring up
your foot and do it. That’s reaction time.
Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second.
But that’s only an average. It might be less with one
driver and as long as two or three seconds or more with
another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination
and eyesight all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs
and frustration. But even in 3/4 of a second, a vehicle
moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m).
That could be a lot of distance in an emergency, so
keeping enough space between your vehicle and others
is important.
Sometimes, as when you’re driving on snow or ice, it’s
easy to ask more of those control systems than the tires
and road can provide. That means you can lose control
of your vehicle. Also see “Traction Control System” in
the Index.
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And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly
with the surface of the road (whether it’s pavement or
gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire
tread; the condition of your brakes; the weight of the
vehicle and the amount of brake force applied.
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive
in spurts -- heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking -- rather than keeping pace with traffic.
This is a mistake. Your brakes may not have time to
cool between hard stops. Your brakes will wear out
much faster if you do a lot of heavy braking. If you
keep pace with the traffic and allow realistic following
distances, you will eliminate a lot of unnecessary
braking. That means better braking and longer
brake life.
If your engine ever stops while you’re driving, brake
normally but don’t pump your brakes. If you do,
the pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine
stops, you will still have some power brake assist.
But you will use it when you brake. Once the power
assist is used up, it may take longer to stop and the
brake pedal will be harder to push.
Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS)
Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes (ABS). ABS is
an advanced electronic braking system that will help
prevent a braking skid.
When you start your engine, or when you begin to
drive away, your anti-lock brake system will check
itself. You may hear a momentary motor or clicking
noise while this test is going on, and you may even
notice that your brake pedal moves or pulses a little.
This is normal.
If there’s a problem with
the anti-lock brake system,
this warning light will stay
on. See “Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning Light” in
the Index.
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The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure faster
than any driver could. The computer is programmed to
make the most of available tire and road conditions.
This can help you steer around the obstacle while
braking hard.
Here’s how anti-lock works. Let’s say the road is wet.
You’re driving safely. Suddenly an animal jumps out in
front of you.
You slam on the brakes and continue braking.
Here’s what happens with ABS.
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If one
of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer will
separately work the brakes at each wheel.
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As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on
wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.
Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t change the time you need
to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always decrease
stopping distance. If you get too close to the vehicle in
front of you, you won’t have time to apply your brakes
if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops. Always leave
enough room up ahead to stop, even though you
have anti-lock brakes.
Using Anti-Lock
Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down
firmly and let anti-lock work for you. You may feel a
slight brake pedal pulsation or notice some noise, but
this is normal.
Braking in Emergencies
With anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the same
time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more
than even the very best braking.
Traction Control System (Option)
Your vehicle may have a traction control system that
limits wheel spin. This is especially useful in slippery
road conditions. The system operates only if it senses
that one or both of the front wheels are spinning or
beginning to lose traction. When this happens, the
system works the front brakes and reduces engine
power to limit wheel spin.
The TRACTION ACTIVE message will come on
when the traction control system is limiting wheel spin.
See “TRACTION ACTIVE Message” in the Index.
You may feel or hear the system working, but this
is normal.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the traction
control system begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise
control will automatically disengage. When road
conditions allow you to safely use it again, you may
reengage the cruise control. See “Cruise Control”
in the Index.
4-9
To turn the system off, press
the TCS button in the center
console switchbank.
United States
Canada
If this message comes on and stays on or comes on
while you are driving, there’s a problem with your
traction control system.
See “Service Traction System Warning Message” in the
Index. When this warning message is on, the TRAC OFF
light will come on to remind you that the system will not
limit wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.
The traction control system automatically comes on
whenever you start your vehicle. To limit wheel spin,
especially in slippery road conditions, you should
always leave the system on. But you can turn the
traction control system off if you ever need to.
You should turn the system off if your vehicle ever
gets stuck in sand, mud or snow and rocking the vehicle
is required. See “Rocking Your Vehicle” in the Index.
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If the system is limiting wheel spin when you press the
button, the message will go off, but the system will not
turn off until there is no longer a current need to limit
wheel spin. The TRAC OFF light will come on to
remind you the system is off. You can turn the system
back on at any time by pressing the button again. The
traction control system warning message should go off.
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the engine stops
or the system is not functioning, you can steer but it will
take much more effort.
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It’s important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned
on the news happen on curves. Here’s why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject
to the same laws of physics when driving on curves.
The traction of the tires against the road surface makes it
possible for the vehicle to change its path when you turn
the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertia will keep
the vehicle going in the same direction. If you’ve ever
tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you’ll understand this.
Suppose you’re steering through a sharp curve. Then you
suddenly accelerate. Both control systems -- steering and
acceleration -- have to do their work where the tires meet
the road. Adding the sudden acceleration can demand too
much of those places. You can lose control. Refer to
“Traction Control System” in the Index.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on
the accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you want
it to go, and slow down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds are
based on good weather and road conditions. Under
less favorable conditions you’ll want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach a
curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front
wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through
the curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait
to accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then
accelerate gently into the straightaway.
The traction you can get in a curve depends on the
condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle at
which the curve is banked, and your speed. While you’re
in a curve, speed is the one factor you can control.
4-11
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come over a hill and
find a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls
out from nowhere, or a child darts out from between
parked cars and stops right in front of you. You can
avoid these problems by braking -- if you can stop
in time. But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t room.
That’s the time for evasive action -- steering around
the problem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies
like these. First apply your brakes. See “Braking in
Emergencies” earlier in this section. It is better to
remove as much speed as you can from a possible
collision. Then steer around the problem, to the left
or right depending on the space available.
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you can
turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing
either hand. But you have to act fast, steer quickly,
and just as quickly straighten the wheel once you have
avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving
at all times and wear safety belts properly.
4-12
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
You may find that your right wheels have dropped off the
edge of a road onto the shoulder while you’re driving.
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then goes
back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger
can suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents -- the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
D “Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides
and to crossroads for situations that might affect your
passing patterns. If you have any doubt whatsoever
about making a successful pass, wait for a better time.
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the
accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way, steer
so that your vehicle straddles the edge of the pavement.
You can turn the steering wheel up to one-quarter turn
until the right front tire contacts the pavement edge.
Then turn your steering wheel to go straight down
the roadway.
D Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and lines.
If you can see a sign up ahead that might indicate a
turn or an intersection, delay your pass. A broken
center line usually indicates it’s all right to pass
(providing the road ahead is clear). Never cross
a solid line on your side of the lane or a double
solid line, even if the road seems empty of
approaching traffic.
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D Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to pass
while you’re awaiting an opportunity. For one thing,
following too closely reduces your area of vision,
especially if you’re following a larger vehicle.
Also, you won’t have adequate space if the vehicle
ahead suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a
reasonable distance.
D When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up,
start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and
don’t get too close. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move into the
other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will have
a “running start” that more than makes up for the
distance you would lose by dropping back. And if
something happens to cause you to cancel your pass,
you need only slow down and drop back again and
wait for another opportunity.
D If other cars are lined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait
your turn. But take care that someone isn’t trying to
pass you as you pull out to pass the slow vehicle.
Remember to glance over your shoulder and check
the blind spot.
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D Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder and
start your left lane change signal before moving out
of the right lane to pass. When you are far enough
ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front in your
inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal
and move back into the right lane. (Remember that
your right outside mirror is convex. The vehicle you
just passed may seem to be farther away from you
than it really is.)
D Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time
on two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the
next vehicle.
D Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it may
be slowing down or starting to turn.
D If you’re being passed, make it easy for the
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps you
can ease a little to the right.
Loss of Control
Let’s review what driving experts say about what happens
when the three control systems (brakes, steering and
acceleration) don’t have enough friction where the tires
meet the road to do what the driver has asked.
In any emergency, don’t give up. Keep trying to steer and
constantly seek an escape route or area of less danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable
care suited to existing conditions, and by not “overdriving”
those conditions. But skids are always possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your vehicle’s
three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels
aren’t rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too
much speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip
and lose cornering force. And in the acceleration skid,
too much throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
A cornering skid is best handled by easing your foot off
the accelerator pedal. If you have the “Traction Control
System,” remember: It helps avoid only the acceleration
skid. If you do not have this system, or if the system
is off, then an acceleration skid is also best handled by
easing your foot off the accelerator pedal.
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want the
vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough, your
vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready for a
second skid if it occurs.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,
gravel or other material is on the road. For safety,
you’ll want to slow down and adjust your driving to
these conditions. It is important to slow down on
slippery surfaces because stopping distance will be
longer and vehicle control more limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration or
braking (including engine braking by shifting to a lower
gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires to
slide. You may not realize the surface is slippery until
your vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning
clues -- such as enough water, ice or packed snow on
the road to make a “mirrored surface” -- and slow
down when you have any doubt.
Remember: Any anti-lock brake system (ABS) helps
avoid only the braking skid.
4-15
Driving at Night
D Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce the
glare from headlamps behind you.
D Since you can’t see as well, you may need to
slow down and keep more space between you
and other vehicles.
D Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your
headlamps can light up only so much road ahead.
D In remote areas, watch for animals.
D If you’re tired, pull off the road in a safe place
and rest.
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But as
we get older these differences increase. A 50-year-old
driver may require at least twice as much light to see the
same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving.
One reason is that some drivers are likely to be
impaired -- by alcohol or drugs, with night vision
problems, or by fatigue.
Here are some tips on night driving.
D Drive defensively.
D Don’t drink and drive.
4-16
What you do in the daytime can also affect your night
vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your eyes
will have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you’re
driving, don’t wear sunglasses at night. They may cut
down on glare from headlamps, but they also make a
lot of things invisible.
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even several
seconds, for your eyes to readjust to the dark. When
you are faced with severe glare (as from a driver who
doesn’t lower the high beams, or a vehicle with misaimed
headlamps), slow down a little. Avoid staring directly
into the approaching headlamps.
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean -- inside and out. Glare at night is made much
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlamps light up far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep your
eyes moving; that way, it’s easier to pick out dimly
lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should be
checked regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes
be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from night
blindness -- the inability to see in dim light -- and
aren’t even aware of it.
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet
road, you can’t stop, accelerate or turn as well because
your tire-to-road traction isn’t as good as on dry roads.
And, if your tires don’t have much tread left, you’ll get
even less traction. It’s always wise to go slower and be
cautious if rain starts to fall while you are driving. The
surface may get wet suddenly when your reflexes are
tuned for driving on dry pavement.
4-17
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your
windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy rain can
make it harder to see road signs and traffic signals, pavement
markings, the edge of the road and even people walking.
It’s wise to keep your wiping equipment in good shape
and keep your windshield washer tank filled with
washer fluid. Replace your windshield wiper inserts
when they show signs of streaking or missing areas
on the windshield, or when strips of rubber start to
separate from the inserts.
Driving too fast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems, too.
The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid puddles.
But if you can’t, try to slow down before you hit them.
CAUTION:
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They won’t work
as well in a quick stop and may cause pulling to
one side. You could lose control of the vehicle.
After driving through a large puddle of water or
a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly until
your brakes work normally.
Hydroplaning
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up
under your tires that they can actually ride on the water.
This can happen if the road is wet enough and you’re
going fast enough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning,
it has little or no contact with the road.
4-18
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But it can if your
tires do not have much tread or if the pressure in one or
more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is standing on
the road. If you can see reflections from trees, telephone
poles or other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the
water’s surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There
just isn’t a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning. The
best advice is to slow down when it is raining.
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
NOTICE:
If you drive too quickly through deep puddles
or standing water, water can come in through
your engine’s air intake and badly damage your
engine. Never drive through water that is slightly
lower than the underbody of your vehicle. If you
can’t avoid deep puddles or standing water, drive
through them very slowly.
Driving Through Flowing Water
CAUTION:
Flowing or rushing water creates strong forces.
If you try to drive through flowing water, as you
might at a low water crossing, your vehicle can
be carried away. As little as six inches of flowing
water can carry away a smaller vehicle. If this
happens, you and the other vehicle occupants
could drown. Don’t ignore police warning signs,
and otherwise be very cautious about trying to
drive through flowing water.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
D Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you pass
another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear room
ahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted
by road spray.
D Have good tires with proper tread depth. See “Tires”
in the Index.
4-19
City Driving
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
D Know the best way to get to where you are
going. Get a city map and plan your trip into an
unknown part of the city just as you would for
a cross-country trip.
D Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross
most large cities. You’ll save time and energy.
See the next part, “Freeway Driving.”
D Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic
light is there because the corner is busy enough to
need it. When a light turns green, and just before
you start to move, check both ways for vehicles that
have not cleared the intersection or may be running
the red light.
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the
amount of traffic on them. You’ll want to watch out
for what the other drivers are doing and pay attention
to traffic signals.
4-20
Freeway Driving
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads to the
freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you
drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to
check traffic. Try to determine where you expect to
blend with the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close
to the prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal,
check your mirrors and glance over your shoulder as
often as necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the
traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to
the posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it’s slower.
Stay in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to make sure there isn’t another vehicle in your
“blind” spot.
Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways,
expressways, turnpikes or superhighways) are the safest
of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep
up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the same
speed most of the other drivers are driving. Too-fast
or too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow.
Treat the left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to move
slightly slower at night.
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the
proper lane well in advance. If you miss your exit,
do not, under any circumstances, stop and back up.
Drive on to the next exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
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The exit speed is usually posted.
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not
to your sense of motion. After driving for any distance
at higher speeds, you may tend to think you are going
slower than you actually are.
D Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full?
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Are all windows clean inside and outside?
D Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
D Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
all levels?
Make sure you’re ready. Try to be well rested. If you
must start when you’re not fresh -- such as after a day’s
work -- don’t plan to make too many miles that first
part of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing and shoes
you can easily drive in.
D Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
D Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it’s ready to go. If it needs
service, have it done before starting out. Of course,
you’ll find experienced and able service experts in
Chevrolet dealerships all across North America.
They’ll be ready and willing to help if you need it.
D Weather Forecasts: What’s the weather outlook
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the recommended pressure?
along your route? Should you delay your trip a short
time to avoid a major storm system?
D Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Is there actually such a condition as “highway hypnosis”?
Or is it just plain falling asleep at the wheel? Call it
highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road with
the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on the
road, the drone of the engine, and the rush of the wind
against the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Don’t let
it happen to you! If it does, your vehicle can leave the
road in less than a second, and you could crash and
be injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be
aware that it can happen.
Then here are some tips:
D Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a
comfortably cool interior.
D Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead
and to the sides. Check your mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
D If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest, service
or parking area and take a nap, get some exercise, or
both. For safety, treat drowsiness on the highway as
an emergency.
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If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you’re
planning to visit there, here are some tips that can
make your trips safer and more enjoyable.
CAUTION:
D Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have
to do all the work of slowing down. They could
get so hot that they wouldn’t work well. You
would then have poor braking or even none
going down a hill. You could crash. Always have
your engine running and your vehicle in gear
when you go downhill.
levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system
and transaxle. These parts can work hard on
mountain roads.
D Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do some of
the slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you
go down a steep or long hill.
CAUTION:
If you don’t shift down, your brakes could get
so hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would
then have poor braking or even none going
down a hill. You could crash. Shift down to
let your engine assist your brakes on a steep
downhill slope.
D Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift down
D
D
D
4-24
to a lower gear. The lower gears help cool your engine
and transaxle, and you can climb the hill better.
Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Don’t swing wide or cut
across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let
you stay in your own lane.
As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There could be
something in your lane, like a stalled car or an accident.
You may see highway signs on mountains that warn
of special problems. Examples are long grades, passing
or no-passing zones, a falling rocks area or winding
roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate action.
Winter Driving
Here are some tips for winter driving:
D Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
D You may want to put winter emergency supplies in
your vehicle.
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a supply
of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer
clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red cloth and
reflective warning triangles. And, if you will be driving
under severe conditions, include a small bag of sand,
a piece of old carpet or a couple of burlap bags to help
provide traction. Be sure you properly secure these
items in your vehicle.
4-25
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet the
road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and
the road, you can have a very slippery situation. You’ll
have a lot less traction or “grip” and will need to be
very careful.
What’s the worst time for this? “Wet ice.” Very cold
snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet
ice can be even more trouble because it may offer the
least traction of all. You can get wet ice when it’s about
freezing (32_F; 0_C) and freezing rain begins to fall.
Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand crews
can get there.
Whatever the condition -- smooth ice, packed, blowing
or loose snow -- drive with caution.
If you have traction control, keep the system on.
It will improve your ability to accelerate when driving
on a slippery road. But you can turn the traction control
system off if you ever need to. You should turn the
system off if your vehicle ever gets stuck in sand, mud,
ice or snow. See “Rocking Your Vehicle” in the Index.
Even though your vehicle has a traction control system,
you’ll want to slow down and adjust your driving to the
road conditions. See “Traction Control System” in
the Index.
4-26
If you don’t have traction control, accelerate gently.
Try not to break the gentle traction. If you accelerate
too fast, the drive wheels will spin and polish the surface
under the tires even more.
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
Your anti-lock brakes improve your vehicle’s stability
when you make a hard stop on a slippery road. Even
though you have an anti-lock braking system, you’ll
want to begin stopping sooner than you would on dry
pavement. See “Anti-Lock” in the Index.
D Allow greater following distance on any
slippery road.
D Watch for slippery spots. The road might be
fine until you hit a spot that’s covered with ice.
On an otherwise clear road, ice patches may appear
in shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: around
clumps of trees, behind buildings or under bridges.
Sometimes the surface of a curve or an overpass may
remain icy when the surrounding roads are clear.
If you see a patch of ice ahead of you, brake before
you are on it. Try not to brake while you’re actually
on the ice, and avoid sudden steering maneuvers.
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a
serious situation. You should probably stay with your
vehicle unless you know for sure that you are near help
and you can hike through the snow.
4-27
Here are some things to do to summon help and keep
yourself and your passengers safe:
D Turn on your hazard flashers.
D Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that
you’ve been stopped by the snow.
D Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you.
If you have no blankets or extra clothing, make body
insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags, floor
mats -- anything you can wrap around yourself or
tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
4-28
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.
CAUTION:
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your vehicle.
This can cause deadly CO (carbon monoxide) gas
to get inside. CO could overcome you and kill
you. You can’t see it or smell it, so you might not
know it is in your vehicle. Clear away snow from
around the base of your vehicle, especially any
that is blocking your exhaust pipe. And check
around again from time to time to be sure snow
doesn’t collect there.
Open a window just a little on the side of the
vehicle that’s away from the wind. This will help
keep CO out.
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little faster
than just idle. That is, push the accelerator slightly.
This uses less fuel for the heat that you get and it
keeps the battery charged. You will need a well-charged
battery to restart the vehicle, and possibly for signaling
later on with your headlamps. Let the heater run for
a while.
Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost
all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine again
and repeat this only when you feel really uncomfortable
from the cold. But do it as little as possible. Preserve the
fuel as long as you can. To help keep warm, you can get
out of the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises
every half hour or so until help comes.
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Your vehicle was not designed to be towed with all four
wheels on the ground. If your vehicle must be towed,
see “Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index.
NOTICE:
Towing your vehicle with all four wheels on the
ground will damage drivetrain components.
4-29
Loading Your Vehicle
To find out the actual loads on your front and rear axles,
you need to go to a weigh station and weigh your vehicle.
Your dealer can help you with this. Be sure to spread out
your load equally on both sides of the centerline.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle or the GAWR
for either the front or rear axle.
CAUTION:
The Certification/Tire label is found on the rear edge of
the driver’s door.
The label shows the size of your original tires and the
inflation pressures needed to obtain the gross weight
capacity of your vehicle. This is called the Gross Vehicle
Weight Rating (GVWR). The GVWR includes the
weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel and cargo.
The Certification/Tire label also tells you the maximum
weights for the front and rear axles, called the Gross Axle
Weight Rating (GAWR).
4-30
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear
GAWR. If you do, parts on your vehicle can
break, and it can change the way your vehicle
handles. These could cause you to lose control
and crash. Also, overloading can shorten the
life of your vehicle.
NOTICE:
Your warranty does not cover parts or
components that fail because of overloading.
If you put things inside your vehicle -- like suitcases,
tools, packages or anything else -- they will go as fast as
the vehicle goes. If you have to stop or turn quickly, or
if there is a crash, they’ll keep going.
CAUTION:
Things you put inside your vehicle can strike
and injure people in a sudden stop or turn,
or in a crash.
D Put things in the cargo area of your vehicle.
Try to spread the weight evenly.
D Never stack heavier things, like suitcases,
inside the vehicle so that some of them are
above the tops of the seats.
D Don’t leave an unsecured child restraint in
your vehicle.
D When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
D Don’t leave a seat folded down unless you
need to.
Payload (Cargo Van Only)
The payload capacity is shown on the Certification/Tire
label. This is the maximum load capacity that your vehicle
can carry. Be sure to include the weight of the people
inside as part of your load. If you added any accessories
or equipment after your vehicle left the factory, remember
to subtract the weight of these things from the payload.
You should never exceed the GVWR or the GAWR.
Your dealer can help you determine your payload.
Electronic Level Control (Option)
On vehicles equipped with the optional electronic level
control, the rear of the vehicle is automatically kept
level as you load or unload your vehicle. However,
you should still not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR.
If the engine is running or the ignition key is in
ACCESSORY or when retained accessory power (RAP)
is active, you may hear the compressor operating when
you load or unload your vehicle, and periodically as the
system self-adjusts. This is normal. See “Retained
Accessory Power” in the Index.
The compressor should operate for brief periods of time.
If the sound continues for an extended period of time,
your vehicle needs service.
Using heavier suspension components to get added
durability might not change your weight ratings. Ask
your dealer to help you load your vehicle the right way.
4-31
Towing a Trailer
CAUTION:
If you don’t use the correct equipment and drive
properly, you can lose control when you pull a
trailer. For example, if the trailer is too heavy, the
brakes may not work well -- or even at all. You
and your passengers could be seriously injured.
Pull a trailer only if you have followed all the
steps in this section. Ask your dealer for advice
and information about towing a trailer with
your vehicle.
NOTICE:
Pulling a trailer improperly can damage your
vehicle and result in costly repairs not covered by
your warranty. To pull a trailer correctly, follow
the advice in this part, and see your dealer for
important information about towing a trailer
with your vehicle.
Your vehicle can tow a trailer. To identify what the
vehicle trailering capacity is for your vehicle, you
should read the information in “Weight of the Trailer”
that appears later in this section. But trailering is
different than just driving your vehicle by itself.
Trailering means changes in handling, durability
and fuel economy. Successful, safe trailering takes
correct equipment, and it has to be used properly.
That’s the reason for this section. In it are many
time-tested, important trailering tips and safety rules.
Many of these are important for your safety and that
of your passengers. So please read this section carefully
before you pull a trailer.
4-32
Load-pulling components such as the engine, transaxle,
wheel assemblies and tires are forced to work harder
against the drag of the added weight. The engine is
required to operate at relatively higher speeds and under
greater loads, generating extra heat. What’s more, the
trailer adds considerably to wind resistance, increasing
the pulling requirements.
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
D There are many different laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig will be legal, not only where you live but
also where you’ll be driving. A good source for this
information can be state or provincial police.
D Consider using a sway control if your trailer will
weigh 2,000 lbs. (900 kg) or less. You should always
use a sway control if your trailer will weigh more
than 2,000 lbs. (900 kg). You can ask a hitch dealer
about sway controls.
D Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first 500 miles
(800 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your engine,
axle or other parts could be damaged.
D Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that you
tow a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph (80 km/h) and
don’t make starts at full throttle. This helps your
engine and other parts of your vehicle wear in at the
heavier loads.
D You should use THIRD (3) (or, as you need to,
a lower gear) when towing a trailer. Operating your
vehicle in THIRD (3) when towing a trailer will
minimize heat buildup and extend the life of
your transaxle.
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
D the weight of the trailer,
D the weight of the trailer tongue
D and the weight on your vehicle’s tires.
4-33
Weight of the Trailer
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It should never weigh more than 1,400 lbs. (630 kg)
with up to six occupants in the vehicle or more than
2,000 lbs. (900 kg) with up to two occupants. If you
have the optional trailer towing package, your vehicle
can tow up to 2,900 lbs. (1 300 kg) with up to
six occupants or up to 3,500 lbs. (1 575 kg) with
up to two occupants. But even that can be too heavy.
It depends on how you plan to use your rig. For example,
speed, altitude, road grades, outside temperature and
how much your vehicle is used to pull a trailer are all
important. And, it can also depend on any special
equipment that you have on your vehicle.
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important
weight to measure because it affects the total or gross
weight of your vehicle. The Gross Vehicle Weight
(GVW) includes the curb weight of the vehicle, any
cargo you may carry in it, and the people who will be
riding in the vehicle. And if you will tow a trailer, you
must add the tongue load to the GVW because your
vehicle will be carrying that weight, too. See “Loading
Your Vehicle” in the Index for more information about
your vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or
advice, or you can write us at:
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33170
Detroit, MI 48232-5170
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
4-34
If you’re using a weight-carrying hitch, the trailer
tongue (A) should weigh 10 percent of the total loaded
trailer weight (B). If you’re using a weight-distributing
hitch, the trailer tongue (A) should weigh 12 percent of
the total loaded trailer weight (B).
Hitches
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
then the tongue, separately, to see if the weights are
proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get them
right simply by moving some items around in the trailer.
D The bumpers on your vehicle are not intended
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the upper
limit for cold tires. You’ll find these numbers on the
Certification/Tire label at the rear edge of the driver’s
door or see “Tire Loading” in the Index. Then be
sure you don’t go over the GVW limit for your vehicle,
including the weight of the trailer tongue.
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough roads
are a few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch.
Here are some rules to follow:
for hitches. Do not attach rental hitches or other
bumper-type hitches to them. Use only a
frame-mounted hitch that does not attach to
the bumper.
D If you’ll be pulling a trailer that, when loaded, will
weigh more than 2,000 lbs. (900 kg), be sure to
use a properly mounted, weight-carrying hitch and
sway control of the proper size. This equipment is
very important for proper vehicle loading and good
handling when you’re driving.
D Will you have to make any holes in the body of
your vehicle when you install a trailer hitch?
If you do, then be sure to seal the holes later when
you remove the hitch. If you don’t seal them, deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) from your exhaust can get
into your vehicle. See “Carbon Monoxide” in the
Index. Dirt and water can, too.
4-35
Safety Chains
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the
tongue of the trailer to help prevent the tongue from
contacting the road if it becomes separated from the
hitch. Instructions about safety chains may be provided
by the hitch manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer.
Follow the manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching
safety chains and do not attach them to the bumper.
Always leave just enough slack so you can turn with
your rig. Never allow safety chains to drag on the ground.
Trailer Brakes
If your trailer weighs more than 1,000 lbs. (450 kg)
loaded, then it needs its own brakes -- and they must
be adequate. Be sure to read and follow the instructions
for the trailer brakes so you’ll be able to install, adjust
and maintain them properly.
Because you have anti-lock brakes, do not try to tap
into your vehicle’s brake system. If you do, both brake
systems won’t work well, or at all.
4-36
Driving with a Trailer
CAUTION:
If you have a rear-most window open and you
pull a trailer with your vehicle, carbon monoxide
(CO) could come into your vehicle. You can’t
see or smell CO. It can cause unconsciousness
or death. See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index.
To maximize your safety when towing a trailer:
D Have your exhaust system inspected for
leaks, and make necessary repairs before
starting on your trip.
D Keep the rear-most windows closed.
D If exhaust does come into your vehicle
through a window in the rear or another
opening, drive with your front, main
heating or cooling system on and with the
fan on any speed. This will bring fresh,
outside air into your vehicle. Do not use
RECIRCULATION because it only
recirculates the air inside your vehicle.
See “Comfort Controls” in the Index.
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before setting out for the open road, you’ll want to get
to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel of
handling and braking with the added weight of the
trailer. And always keep in mind that the vehicle you
are driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly
as responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
Following Distance
Before you start, check the trailer hitch and platform
(and attachments), safety chains, electrical connector,
lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has
electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and
then apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be
sure the brakes are working. This lets you check your
electrical connection at the same time.
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a good
deal longer, you’ll need to go much farther beyond
the passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the
load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer brakes
are still working.
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as
you would when driving your vehicle without a trailer.
This can help you avoid situations that require heavy
braking and sudden turns.
Passing
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that
hand to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move
your hand to the right. Always back up slowly and,
if possible, have someone guide you.
4-37
Making Turns
NOTICE:
Making very sharp turns while trailering could
cause the trailer to come in contact with the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid
making very sharp turns while trailering.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider turns than
normal. Do this so your trailer won’t strike soft shoulders,
curbs, road signs, trees or other objects. Avoid jerky or
sudden maneuvers. Signal well in advance.
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle has to have
extra wiring.
The arrows on your instrument panel will flash
whenever you signal a turn or lane change. Properly
hooked up, the trailer lamps will also flash, telling other
drivers you’re about to turn, change lanes or stop.
When towing a trailer, the arrows on your instrument
panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on the trailer
are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers behind
you are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s
important to check occasionally to be sure the trailer
bulbs are still working.
Driving On Grades
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start
down a long or steep downgrade. If you don’t shift
down, you might have to use your brakes so much that
they would get hot and no longer work well.
If you are towing a trailer that weighs more than
1,000 lbs. (450 kg), you may prefer to drive in THIRD (3)
instead of AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D) (or, as you
need to, a lower gear). This will minimize heat build-up
and extend the life of your transaxle.
4-38
Parking on Hills
CAUTION:
You really should not park your vehicle, with
a trailer attached, on a hill. If something goes
wrong, your rig could start to move. People can
be injured, and both your vehicle and the trailer
can be damaged.
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you:
D Start your engine;
D Shift into a gear; and
D Release the parking brake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here’s
how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into
PARK (P) yet.
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the
regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your parking
brake, and then shift to PARK (P).
5. Release the regular brakes.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re
pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance Schedule for more
on this. Things that are especially important in trailer
operation are automatic transaxle fluid (don’t overfill),
engine oil, belts, cooling system and brake system.
Each of these is covered in this manual, and the Index
will help you find them quickly. If you’re trailering,
it’s a good idea to review these sections before you
start your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts
are tight.
4-39
Section 5 Problems on the Road
Here you’ll find what to do about some problems that can occur on the road.
5-2
5-2
5-3
5-8
5-9
Hazard Warning Flashers
Other Warning Devices
Jump Starting
Towing Your Vehicle
Engine Overheating
5-12
5-20
5-21
5-33
5-34
Cooling System
If a Tire Goes Flat
Changing a Flat Tire
Compact Spare Tire
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow
5-
5-1
Hazard Warning Flashers
Your hazard warning
flashers button is located on
top of the steering column.
Press the button in to turn
on your flashers.
Your hazard warning flashers work no matter what
position your key is in, and even if the key isn’t in.
To turn off the flashers, push the button down and it
will pop back up by itself.
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They
also let police know you have a problem. Your front and
rear turn signal lamps will flash on and off.
5-2
When the hazard warning flashers are on, your turn
signals won’t work.
Other Warning Devices
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up at
the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind
your vehicle.
Jump Starting
If your battery has run down, you may want to use
another vehicle and some jumper cables to start your
vehicle. But please use the following steps listed to
do it safely.
On vehicles equipped with the optional power sliding
door, a low-voltage battery or replacing a battery may
cause the system to become inoperative. See “Power
Sliding Door” in the Index for more information.
CAUTION:
Batteries can hurt you. They can be
dangerous because:
D They contain acid that can burn you.
D They contain gas that can explode or ignite.
D They contain enough electricity to burn you.
If you don’t follow these steps exactly, some or all
of these things can hurt you.
NOTICE:
Ignoring these steps could result in costly damage
to your vehicle that wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
The ACDelcoR battery in your vehicle has a
built-in hydrometer. Do not charge, test or jump
start the battery if the hydrometer looks clear
or light yellow. Replace the battery when there
is a clear or light yellow hydrometer and a
cranking complaint.
Trying to start your vehicle by pushing or pulling
it won’t work, and it could damage your vehicle.
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
NOTICE:
If the other system isn’t a 12-volt system with a
negative ground, both vehicles can be damaged.
5-3
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles aren’t touching
each other. If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able
to start your vehicle, and the bad grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling, set
the parking brake firmly on both vehicles involved in
the jump start procedure. Put an automatic transaxle
in PARK (P) or a manual transaxle in NEUTRAL
before setting the parking brake.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette
lighter or the accessory power outlet. Turn off
all lamps that aren’t needed, as well as radios.
This will avoid sparks and help save both batteries.
In addition, it could save your radio!
5-4
NOTICE:
If you leave your radio on, it could be badly
damaged. The repairs wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
4. Open the hoods and locate the batteries. Find the
positive (+) and negative (-) terminals on each battery.
CAUTION:
An electric fan can start up even when the engine
is not running and can injure you. Keep hands,
clothing and tools away from any underhood
electric fan.
5. Your vehicle has a
remote positive (+)
jump starting terminal.
The terminal is under a
tethered cap at the front
of the underhood fuse
and relay center. See
“Engine Compartment
Overview” in the Index
for more information
on location.
Squeeze the tabs and pull up on the cap to access the
remote positive (+) terminal.
You should always use the remote positive (+) terminal
instead of the positive (+) terminal on your battery.
CAUTION:
Using a match near a battery can cause battery
gas to explode. People have been hurt doing this,
and some have been blinded. Use a flashlight if
you need more light.
Be sure the battery has enough water. You don’t
need to add water to the ACDelcoR battery
installed in every new GM vehicle. But if a
battery has filler caps, be sure the right amount
of fluid is there. If it is low, add water to take
care of that first. If you don’t, explosive gas
could be present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn you.
Don’t get it on you. If you accidentally get it in
your eyes or on your skin, flush the place with
water and get medical help immediately.
5-5
CAUTION:
Fans or other moving engine parts can injure you
badly. Keep your hands away from moving parts
once the engine is running.
6. Check that the jumper cables don’t have loose or
missing insulation. If they do, you could get a shock.
The vehicles could be damaged, too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some basic
things you should know. Positive (+) will go to
positive (+) and negative (-) will go to a heavy,
unpainted metal engine part or a body metal surface.
Don’t connect positive (+) to negative (-) or you will
get a short that would damage the battery and maybe
other parts, too. And don’t connect negative (-)
to negative (-) on the dead battery, as this can
cause sparks.
5-6
7. Connect the red positive (+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the vehicle with the dead battery. Use a
remote positive (+) terminal if the vehicle has one.
8. Don’t let the other end
touch metal. Connect it
to the positive (+)
terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one.
9. Now connect the
black negative (-) cable
to the good battery’s
negative (-) terminal.
10. Attach the cable at least
18 inches (45 cm) away
from the dead battery,
but not near engine
parts that move.
Don’t let the other end touch anything until the next
step. The other end of the negative (-) cable doesn’t go
to the dead battery. It goes to a heavy, unpainted metal
part on the engine of the vehicle with the dead battery.
The electrical connection is just as good there, but the
chance of sparks getting back to the battery is much less.
11. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and
run the engine for a while.
12. Try to start the vehicle with the dead battery.
If it won’t start after a few tries, it probably
needs service.
5-7
To disconnect the jumper cables from both vehicles,
do the following:
1. Disconnect the black negative (-) cable from the
heavy, unpainted metal engine part on the vehicle
that had the dead battery.
2. Disconnect the black negative (-) cable from
the negative (-) terminal on the vehicle with the
good battery.
3. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
4. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
other vehicle.
Towing Your Vehicle
Jumper Cable Removal
A. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part
B. Good Battery
C. Dead Battery
5-8
Consult your dealer or a professional towing service if
you need to have your vehicle towed. See “Roadside
Assistance” and “Recreational Vehicle Towing” in
the Index.
Engine Overheating
You will find an engine coolant temperature gage on
the instrument panel cluster. See “Engine Coolant
Temperature Gage” in the Index. You also have an
engine coolant temperature warning message on the
instrument panel cluster. See “Engine Coolant
Temperature Warning Message” in the Index.
Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode
NOTICE:
After driving in the overheated engine protection
operating mode, to avoid engine damage, allow
the engine to cool before attempting any repair.
The engine oil will be severely degraded. Repair
the cause of coolant loss and change the oil.
See “Engine Oil” in the Index.
This emergency operating mode allows your vehicle
to be driven to a safe place in an emergency situation.
Should an overheated engine condition exist, an
overheat protection mode which alternates firing groups
of cylinders helps prevent engine damage. In this mode,
you will notice a significant loss in power and engine
performance. The temperature gage will indicate an
overheat condition exists. Towing a trailer in the
overheat protection mode should be avoided.
5-9
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
CAUTION:
Steam from an overheated engine can burn you
badly, even if you just open the hood. Stay away
from the engine if you see or hear steam coming
from it. Just turn it off and get everyone away
from the vehicle until it cools down. Wait until
there is no sign of steam or coolant before you
open the hood.
If you keep driving when your engine is
overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire.
You or others could be badly burned. Stop your
engine if it overheats, and get out of the vehicle
until the engine is cool. See “Overheated Engine
Protection Operating Mode” in the Index.
5-10
NOTICE:
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam,
try this for a minute or so:
1. If your air conditioner is on, turn it off.
If your engine catches fire because you keep
driving with no coolant, your vehicle can be
badly damaged. The costly repairs would not
be covered by your warranty. See “Overheated
Engine Protection Operating Mode” in the Index.
If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
If you get an engine overheat warning but see or hear no
steam, the problem may not be too serious. Sometimes
the engine can get a little too hot when you:
D
D
D
D
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high-speed driving.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer.
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest fan
speed and open the window as necessary.
3. If you’re in a traffic jam, shift to NEUTRAL (N);
otherwise, shift to the highest gear while
driving -- AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D)
or THIRD (3).
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you
can drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about
10 minutes. If the warning doesn’t come back on,
you can drive normally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park your
vehicle right away.
If there’s still no sign of steam, idle the engine for
three minutes while you’re parked. If you still have the
warning, turn off the engine and get everyone out of
the vehicle until it cools down. Also, see “Overheated
Engine Protection Operating Mode” listed previously in
this section.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service
help right away.
5-11
Cooling System
When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
CAUTION:
An electric engine cooling fan under the hood can
start up even when the engine is not running and
can injure you. Keep hands, clothing and tools
away from any underhood electric fan.
If the coolant inside the coolant recovery tank is boiling,
don’t do anything else until it cools down.
A. Radiator Pressure Cap
B. Electric Engine Cooling Fans
C. Coolant Recovery Tank
5-12
CAUTION:
Heater and radiator hoses, and other engine
parts, can be very hot. Don’t touch them.
If you do, you can be burned.
Don’t run the engine if there is a leak. If you run
the engine, it could lose all coolant. That could
cause an engine fire, and you could be burned.
Get any leak fixed before you drive the vehicle.
When the engine is cold, the coolant level should be at
or above the FULL COLD mark. If it isn’t, you may
have a leak in the radiator hoses, heater hoses, radiator,
water pump or somewhere else in the cooling system.
NOTICE:
Engine damage from running your engine
without coolant isn’t covered by your warranty.
See “Overheated Engine Protection Operating
Mode” in the Index.
5-13
NOTICE:
When adding coolant, it is important that you
use only DEX-COOLR (silicate-free) coolant.
If coolant other than DEX-COOL is added to
the system, premature engine, heater core or
radiator corrosion may result. In addition, the
engine coolant will require change sooner -- at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Damage caused by the
use of coolant other than DEX-COOLR is not
covered by your new vehicle warranty.
If there seems to be no leak, with the engine on, check
to see if the electric engine cooling fans are running.
If the engine is overheating, both fans should be
running. If they aren’t, your vehicle needs service.
5-14
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Recovery Tank
If you haven’t found a problem yet, but the coolant level
isn’t at or above the FULL COLD mark, add a 50/50
mixture of clean, drinkable water and DEX-COOLR
engine coolant at the coolant recovery tank. See “Engine
Coolant” in the Index for more information.
CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid like alcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’s coolant
warning system is set for the proper coolant
mixture. With plain water or the wrong mixture,
your engine could get too hot but you wouldn’t
get the overheat warning. Your engine could
catch fire and you or others could be burned.
Use a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water
and DEX-COOLR coolant.
NOTICE:
In cold weather, water can freeze and crack the
engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.
Use the recommended coolant and the proper
coolant mixture.
CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
When the coolant in the coolant recovery tank is at
or above the FULL COLD mark, start your vehicle.
If the overheat warning continues, there’s one more
thing you can try. You can add the proper coolant
mixture directly to the radiator, but be sure the
cooling system is cool before you do it.
5-15
CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot cooling
system can blow out and burn you badly. They
are under pressure, and if you turn the radiator
pressure cap -- even a little -- they can come out
at high speed. Never turn the cap when the
cooling system, including the radiator pressure
cap, is hot. Wait for the cooling system and the
radiator pressure cap to cool if you ever have to
turn the pressure cap.
5-16
How to Add Coolant to the Radiator
2. Then keep turning the pressure cap, but now push
down as you turn it. Remove the pressure cap.
1. You can remove the radiator pressure cap when the
cooling system, including the radiator pressure cap
and upper radiator hose, is no longer hot. Turn
the pressure cap slowly counterclockwise until it
first stops. (Don’t press down while turning the
pressure cap.)
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss means
there is still some pressure left.
CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
5-17
Bypass Tube
Housing
3. After the engine cools, open the coolant air
bleed valves.
There are two bleed valves. One is located on the
thermostat housing. The other is located on the
thermostat bypass tube.
4. Fill the radiator with the proper DEX-COOLR
coolant mixture, up to the base of the filler neck.
See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for more
information about the proper coolant mixture.
If you see a stream of coolant coming from an
air bleed valve, close the valve. Otherwise, close the
valves after the radiator is filled.
5. Rinse or wipe any spilled coolant from the engine
and the compartment.
5-18
6. Start the engine and let it run until you can feel the
upper radiator hose getting hot. Watch out for the
engine cooling fans.
7. By this time, the coolant level inside the radiator
filler neck may be lower. If the level is lower, add
more of the proper DEX-COOLR coolant mixture
through the filler neck until the level reaches the
base of the filler neck.
8. Then replace the pressure cap. At any time during
this procedure if coolant begins to flow out of the
filler neck, reinstall the pressure cap. Be sure the
arrows on the pressure cap line up like this.
5-19
If a Tire Goes Flat
It’s unusual for a tire to “blow out” while you’re driving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air goes
out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly.
But if you should ever have a “blowout,” here are a few
tips about what to expect and what to do:
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag that
pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off
the accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake
to a stop well out of the traffic lane.
9. Then fill the coolant recovery tank to the FULL
COLD mark.
10. Put the cap back on the coolant recovery tank.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much like
a skid and may require the same correction you’d use
in a skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot from
the accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may be
very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently
brake to a stop -- well off the road if possible.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use your
jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.
5-20
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage
by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on your hazard
warning flashers.
CAUTION:
Changing a tire can cause an injury. The vehicle
can slip off the jack and roll over you or other
people. You and they could be badly injured.
Find a level place to change your tire. To help
prevent the vehicle from moving:
1. Set the parking brake firmly.
2. Put the shift lever in PARK (P).
3. Turn off the engine.
To be even more certain the vehicle won’t move,
you can put blocks at the front and rear of the
tire farthest away from the one being changed.
That would be the tire on the other side of the
vehicle, at the opposite end.
The following steps will tell you how to use the jack and
change a tire.
5-21
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
The equipment you’ll need
is located in the storage
compartment at the rear
of the vehicle, on the
passenger’s side.
1. Remove the side convenience net.
2. Open the jack storage compartment by lifting up the
tab and pulling the cover off.
A. Jack
B. Strap
C. Bracket
D. Wing Nut
E. Jacking Instructions
F. Bag and Tools
Remove the jack and jacking tools by loosening the
wing nut and bracket.
Separate the plastic pouch from the jack and remove
the jacking tools (folding wrench and extension) from
the pouch.
5-22
The compact spare tire is located under the vehicle,
ahead of the rear bumper. (See “Compact Spare Tire”
later in this section for more information about the
compact spare.) Attach the folding wrench to the
extension and insert the chisel end on an angle through
the hole in the rear bumper and into the hoist shaft.
Then, turn the folding wrench counterclockwise to
lower the spare tire to the ground. Continue to turn
the wrench so the spare tire can be pulled out from
under the vehicle.
A.
B.
C.
D.
Hoist Shaft
Hoist Assembly
Retainer
Spare Tire
E. Extension
(Chisel End)
F. Folding Wrench
5-23
The tools you’ll be using include the jack (A),
extension (B) and folding wrench (C).
Tilt the retainer at the end of the cable so it can be pulled
up through the wheel opening.
5-24
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the
Spare Tire
1. If your vehicle has
aluminum wheels,
use the handle of
the folding wrench
to pry the large
center cap.
Then, with the other end of the folding wrench,
loosen the nuts.
If your vehicle has the plastic “bolt-on” wheel
covers, loosen them completely using the folding
wrench, and remove the wheel cover.
5-25
2. Loosen the wheel
nuts -- but do not
remove them -- using
the folding wrench.
(Turn the handle about
180 degrees, then flip
the handle back to the
starting position.
This avoids taking
the wrench off the
lug nut for each turn.)
For wheels with a wheel lock key, use the wheel lock
key between the lock nut and folding wrench. The key
is supplied in the front passenger’s door pocket.
5-26
NOTICE:
To help avoid damage to the lock nut or the
wheel lock key, do not use an impact wrench
with this key.
3. Near each wheel,
there is a notch in
the vehicle’s body.
Position the jack
and raise the jack
head until it fits
firmly into the
notch in the
vehicle’s frame
nearest the flat tire.
NOTICE:
Do not place the jack under the rear axle control
arms. Only use the areas shown for proper
jack location.
Do not raise the vehicle yet. Put the compact spare
tire near you.
CAUTION:
Getting under a vehicle when it is jacked up is
dangerous. If the vehicle slips off the jack, you
could be badly injured or killed. Never get under
a vehicle when it is supported only by a jack.
CAUTION:
Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly
positioned can damage the vehicle and even make
the vehicle fall. To help avoid personal injury
and vehicle damage, be sure to fit the jack lift
head into the proper location before raising
the vehicle.
5-27
4. Attach the folding
wrench to the jack,
and turn the wrench
clockwise to raise the
jack head a few inches.
5. Raise the vehicle by turning the folding wrench
clockwise in the jack. Raise the vehicle far enough
off the ground so there is enough room for the
spare tire to fit under the wheel well.
6. Remove all the wheel nuts and take off the flat tire.
5-28
7. Remove any rust or dirt
from the wheel bolts,
mounting surfaces
and spare wheel.
CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make the wheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could come
off and cause an accident. When you change a
wheel, remove any rust or dirt from the places
where the wheel attaches to the vehicle. In an
emergency, you can use a cloth or a paper towel
to do this; but be sure to use a scraper or wire
brush later, if you need to, to get all the rust
or dirt off.
CAUTION:
Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts. If you
do, the nuts might come loose. Your wheel could
fall off, causing a serious accident.
8. Install the spare tire and put the wheel nuts back on
with the rounded end of the nuts toward the wheel.
Tighten each nut by hand until the wheel is held
against the hub.
9. Lower the vehicle by attaching the folding wheel
wrench to the jack and turning the wrench
counterclockwise. Lower the jack completely.
5-29
10. Tighten the wheel nuts
firmly in a crisscross
sequence, as shown.
NOTICE:
Improperly tightened wheel nuts can lead to
brake pulsation and rotor damage. To avoid
expensive brake repairs, evenly tighten the wheel
nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper
torque specification.
CAUTION:
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened
wheel nuts can cause the wheel to become loose
and even come off. This could lead to an accident.
Be sure to use the correct wheel nuts. If you have
to replace them, be sure to get new GM original
equipment wheel nuts.
Stop somewhere as soon as you can and have
the nuts tightened with a torque wrench to
100 lb-ft (140 N·m).
5-30
11. Don’t try to put a wheel cover on the compact spare
tire. It won’t fit. Store the wheel cover securely in
the rear of the vehicle until you have the flat tire
repaired or replaced.
NOTICE:
Wheel covers won’t fit on your compact spare.
If you try to put a wheel cover on your compact
spare, you could damage the cover or the spare.
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools
CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose
equipment could strike someone. Store all these
in the proper place.
4. When the tire is almost in the stored position,
turn the tire so the valve is towards the rear of
the vehicle.
This will help when you check and maintain tire
pressure in the spare.
5. Raise the tire fully against the underside of the
vehicle. Continue turning the folding wrench until
the tire is secure and the cable is tight. The spare
tire hoist cannot be overtightened.
1. Lay the tire near the rear of the vehicle with the
valve stem down.
2. Remove the small center cap by tapping the back of
the cap with the extension of the shaft.
3. Slide the cable retainer through the center of the
wheel and start to raise the tire.
Make sure the retainer is fully seated across the
underside of the wheel.
5-31
6. Make sure the tire is stored securely. Push, pull, and
then try to rotate or turn the tire. If the tire moves,
use the folding wrench to tighten the cable.
Put back all jacking tools as they were stored in the jack
storage compartment and put the compartment cover
back on.
To put the cover back on, line up the tabs on the right of
the cover with the slots in the cover opening. Push the
cover in place and push down the tab so that it rests in
the groove. This secures the cover in place.
5-32
A. Strap
B. Bag and Tools
C. Jack
Unless you have the plastic “bolt-on” wheel covers, be
sure to also store the center cap. When you replace the
compact spare with a full-size tire, reinstall the bolt-on
wheel covers and the center cap. Tighten them “hand
tight” over the wheel nuts, using the folding wrench.
Compact Spare Tire
Don’t use your compact spare on other vehicles.
Although the compact spare tire was fully inflated
when your vehicle was new, it can lose air after a time.
Check the inflation pressure regularly. It should be
60 psi (420 kPa).
And don’t mix your compact spare tire or wheel with
other wheels or tires. They won’t fit. Keep your spare
tire and its wheel together.
After installing the compact spare on your vehicle,
you should stop as soon as possible and make sure
your spare tire is correctly inflated. The compact spare
is made to perform well at speeds up to 65 mph
(105 km/h) for distances up to 3,000 miles (5 000 km),
so you can finish your trip and have your full-size tire
repaired or replaced where you want. Of course, it’s best
to replace your spare with a full-size tire as soon as you
can. Your spare will last longer and be in good shape in
case you need it again.
NOTICE:
Tire chains won’t fit your compact spare. Using
them can damage your vehicle and can damage
the chains too. Don’t use tire chains on your
compact spare.
NOTICE:
When the compact spare is installed, don’t take
your vehicle through an automatic car wash with
guide rails. The compact spare can get caught on
the rails. That can damage the tire and wheel,
and maybe other parts of your vehicle.
5-33
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud,
Ice or Snow
NOTICE:
In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck, you will
need to spin the wheels, but you don’t want to spin
your wheels too fast. The method known as “rocking”
can help you get out when you’re stuck, but you must
use caution.
Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of your
vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin the wheels
too fast while shifting your transaxle back and
forth, you can destroy your transaxle.
CAUTION:
If you let your tires spin at high speed, they
can explode, and you or others could be injured.
And, the transaxle or other parts of the vehicle
can overheat. That could cause an engine
compartment fire or other damage. When you’re
stuck, spin the wheels as little as possible. Don’t
spin the wheels above 35 mph (55 km/h) as shown
on the speedometer.
5-34
For information about using tire chains on your vehicle,
see “Tire Chains” in the Index.
Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will
clear the area around your front wheels. If your vehicle
has traction control, you should turn your traction
control system off. See “Traction Control System” in the
Index. Then shift back and forth between REVERSE (R)
and a forward gear, spinning the wheels as little as
possible. Release the accelerator pedal while you shift,
and press lightly on the accelerator pedal when the
transaxle is in gear. By slowly spinning your wheels in
the forward and reverse directions, you will cause a
rocking motion that may free your vehicle. If that
doesn’t get you out after a few tries, you may need
to be towed out. If you do need to be towed out,
see “Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index.
Section 6 Service and Appearance Care
Here you will find information about the care of your vehicle. This section begins with service and fuel information,
and then it shows how to check important fluid and lubricant levels. There is also technical information about your
vehicle, and a part devoted to its appearance care.
6-2
6-3
6-5
6-6
6-8
6-9
6-12
6-16
6-18
6-20
6-23
6-26
6-27
6-28
6-29
Service
Fuel
Fuels in Foreign Countries
Filling Your Tank
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
Checking Things Under the Hood
Engine Oil
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Passenger Compartment
Air Filter Replacement
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
Engine Coolant
Radiator Pressure Cap
Power Steering Fluid
Windshield Washer Fluid
Brakes
6-32
6-33
6-40
6-42
6-51
6-51
6-55
6-58
6-58
6-59
6-60
6-61
6-69
6-69
6-70
Battery
Bulb Replacement
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
Tires
Appearance Care
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle
Underbody Maintenance
Chemical Paint Spotting
GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Electrical System
Replacement Bulbs
Capacities and Specifications
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
6-
6-1
Service
Doing Your Own Service Work
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to
be happy with it. We hope you’ll go to your dealer for
all your service needs. You’ll get genuine GM parts and
GM-trained and supported service people.
If you want to do some of your own service work, you’ll
want to use the proper service manual. It tells you much
more about how to service your vehicle than this manual
can. To order the proper service manual, see “Service
and Owner Publications” in the Index.
We hope you’ll want to keep your GM vehicle all GM.
Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
do your own service work, see “Servicing Your Air
Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and list
the mileage and the date of any service work you
perform. See “Maintenance Record” in the Index.
6-2
CAUTION:
You can be injured and your vehicle could be
damaged if you try to do service work on a
vehicle without knowing enough about it.
D Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, the proper replacement parts
and tools before you attempt any vehicle
maintenance task.
D Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and
other fasteners. “English” and “metric”
fasteners can be easily confused. If you use
the wrong fasteners, parts can later break
or fall off. You could be hurt.
Fuel
Use regular unleaded gasoline rated at 87 octane or
higher. It is recommended that the gasoline meet
specifications which were developed by the American
Automobile Manufacturers Association (AAMA) and
endorsed by the Canadian Motor Vehicle Manufacturers
Association for better vehicle performance and engine
protection. Gasolines meeting the AAMA specification
could provide improved driveability and emission
control system performance compared to
other gasolines.
In Canada, look for the
“Auto Makers’ Choice”
label on the fuel pump.
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle
Things you might add to the outside of your vehicle can
affect the airflow around it. This may cause wind noise
and affect windshield washer performance. Check with
your dealer before adding equipment to the outside of
your vehicle.
Canada Only
6-3
Be sure the posted octane is at least 87. If the octane is
less than 87, you may get a heavy knocking noise when
you drive. If it’s bad enough, it can damage your engine.
If you’re using fuel rated at 87 octane or higher and you
hear heavy knocking, your engine needs service. But
don’t worry if you hear a little pinging noise when
you’re accelerating or driving up a hill. That’s normal,
and you don’t have to buy a higher octane fuel to get rid
of pinging. It’s the heavy, constant knock that means
you have a problem.
If your vehicle is certified to meet California Emission
Standards (indicated on the underhood emission control
label), it is designed to operate on fuels that meet
California specifications. If such fuels are not available
in states adopting California emissions standards, your
vehicle will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting
federal specifications, but emission control system
performance may be affected. The malfunction indicator
lamp on your instrument panel may turn on and/or your
vehicle may fail a smog-check test. See “Malfunction
Indicator Lamp” in the Index. If this occurs, return to
your authorized Chevrolet dealer for diagnosis to
determine the cause of failure. In the event it is
determined that the cause of the condition is the type of
fuels used, repairs may not be covered by your warranty.
6-4
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
emissions may contain an octane-enhancing additive
called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
(MMT); ask your service station operator whether or not
the fuel contains MMT. General Motors does not
recommend the use of such gasolines. If fuels containing
MMT are used, spark plug life may be reduced and your
emission control system performance may be affected.
The malfunction indicator lamp on your instrument
panel may turn on. If this occurs, return to your
authorized Chevrolet dealer for service.
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United States
are now required to contain additives that will help
prevent deposits from forming in your engine and fuel
system, allowing your emission control system to
function properly. Therefore, you should not have to add
anything to the fuel. In addition, gasolines containing
oxygenates, such as ethers and ethanol, and
reformulated gasolines may be available in your area to
contribute to clean air. General Motors recommends that
you use these gasolines, particularly if they comply with
the specifications described earlier.
NOTICE:
Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that
contains methanol. Don’t use it. It can corrode
metal parts in your fuel system and also damage
plastic and rubber parts. That damage wouldn’t
be covered under your warranty.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
United States or Canada, the proper fuel may be hard to
find. Never use leaded gasoline or any other fuel not
recommended in the previous text on fuel. Costly repairs
caused by use of improper fuel wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
To check on fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business in the
country where you’ll be driving.
6-5
Filling Your Tank
CAUTION:
Gasoline vapor is highly flammable. It burns
violently, and that can cause very bad injuries.
Don’t smoke if you’re near gasoline or refueling
your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames and smoking
materials away from gasoline.
The fuel filler door is located on the driver’s side of
the vehicle.
When the fuel door is opened on a vehicle with dual
sliding doors, the driver’s side sliding door will only
open partway.
6-6
CAUTION:
If you get gasoline on yourself and then
something ignites it, you could be badly burned.
Gasoline can spray out on you if you open the
fuel filler cap too quickly. This spray can happen
if your tank is nearly full, and is more likely in
hot weather. Open the fuel filler cap slowly and
wait for any “hiss” noise to stop. Then unscrew
the cap all the way.
Be careful not to spill gasoline. Clean gasoline from
painted surfaces as soon as possible. See “Cleaning the
Outside of Your Vehicle” in the Index.
While refueling, let the cap hang by the tether as shown.
To remove the cap, turn it slowly to the left
(counterclockwise). The cap has a spring in it; if you let
go of the cap too soon, it will spring back to the right.
6-7
When you put the cap back on, turn it to the right
(clockwise) until you hear a clicking sound. Make sure
you fully install the cap. The diagnostic system can
determine if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly
installed. This would allow fuel to evaporate into the
atmosphere. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in
the Index.
The malfunction indicator lamp (SERVICE ENGINE
SOON or CHECK ENGINE light) will come on if the
fuel cap is not properly reinstalled.
NOTICE:
If you need a new cap, be sure to get the right
type. Your dealer can get one for you. If you get
the wrong type, it may not fit properly. This may
cause your malfunction indicator lamp to light
and your fuel tank and emissions system may be
damaged. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in
the Index.
6-8
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
CAUTION:
Never fill a portable fuel container while it is in
your vehicle. Static electricity discharge from the
container can ignite the gasoline vapor. You can
be badly burned and your vehicle damaged if this
occurs. To help avoid injury to you and others:
D Dispense gasoline only into
approved containers.
D Do not fill a container while it is inside a
vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup bed or
on any surface other than the ground.
D Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the
inside of the fill opening before operating
the nozzle. Contact should be maintained
until the filling is complete.
D Don’t smoke while pumping gasoline.
Checking Things Under the Hood
Hood Release
To open the hood do the following:
CAUTION:
An electric fan under the hood can start up and
injure you even when the engine is not running.
Keep hands, clothing and tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
CAUTION:
Things that burn can get on hot engine parts and
start a fire. These include liquids like fuel, oil,
coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer and other
fluids, and plastic or rubber. You or others could
be burned. Be careful not to drop or spill things
that will burn onto a hot engine.
1. Pull the hood release handle, located on the driver’s
side under the instrument panel.
6-9
5. Put the end of the hood
prop into the slot in the
underside of the hood.
2. Go to the front of the vehicle and push up on the
underhood release, located near the center under
the grille.
3. Lift the hood.
4. Pull forward on the hood prop to release it from its
storage clip.
The hood prop may be hot due to increased engine
temperatures under the hood, so be careful when
handling it. Use your hood prop sleeve when
handling the hood prop.
6-10
Engine Compartment Overview
When you lift the hood, you’ll see these items:
A. Underhood Fuse and
Relay Center
B. Remote Positive (+) Terminal
C. Windshield Washer
Fluid Reservoir
D.
E.
F.
G.
Radiator Pressure Cap
Power Steering Fluid Reservoir
Engine Oil Fill Cap
Engine Oil Dipstick
H.
I.
J.
K.
Transaxle Fluid Dipstick
Brake Master Cylinder Reservoir
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Engine Coolant Reservoir
6-11
Before closing the hood, be sure all the filler caps are on
properly then follow these steps:
1. Lift the hood to relieve pressure on the hood prop.
2. Remove the hood prop from the slot in the hood.
3. Return the prop to its retainer.
4. Let the hood down and close it firmly.
Engine Oil
United States
Canada
If the low engine oil level message appears on the
instrument panel, it means you need to check your
engine oil level right away. For more information, see
“Low Engine Oil Level Message” in the Index.
You should check your engine oil level regularly; this is
an added reminder.
6-12
Checking Engine Oil
It’s a good idea to check your engine oil every time you
get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading, the oil must
be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
The engine oil dipstick is
located at the front of the
engine compartment, near
the center. The dipstick
handle has a bright, yellow
loop design for easy
identification. See “Engine
Compartment Overview” in
the Index for more
information on location.
Turn off the engine and give the oil several minutes to
drain back into the oil pan. If you don’t, the oil dipstick
might not show the actual level.
Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or
cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it again,
keeping the tip down, and check the level.
The engine oil fill cap is
located behind the engine
oil dipstick. See “Engine
Compartment Overview” in
the Index for more
information on location.
When to Add Engine Oil
If the oil is at or below the ADD mark, then you’ll need
to add at least one quart of oil. But you must use the
right kind. This part explains what kind of oil to use. For
crankcase capacity, see “Capacities and Specifications”
in the Index.
Be sure to fill it enough to put the level somewhere in
the proper operating range. Push the dipstick all the way
back in when you’re through.
NOTICE:
Don’t add too much oil. If your engine has so
much oil that the oil level gets above the
cross-hatched area that shows the proper
operating range, your engine could be damaged.
6-13
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
Oils recommended for your vehicle can be identified by
looking for the starburst symbol.
This symbol indicates that the oil has been certified by
the American Petroleum Institute (API). Do not use any
oil which does not carry this starburst symbol.
If you change your own oil,
be sure you use oil that has
the starburst symbol on the
front of the oil container. If
you have your oil changed
for you, be sure the oil put
into your engine is
American Petroleum
Institute certified for
gasoline engines.
You should also use the proper viscosity oil for your
vehicle, as shown in the following chart:
6-14
As in the chart shown previously, SAE 5W-30 is best for
your vehicle. However, you can use SAE 10W-30 if it’s
going to be 0 F (-18 C) or above. These numbers on an
oil container show its viscosity, or thickness. Do not use
other viscosity oils, such as SAE 20W-50.
_
_
Engine Oil Additives
Don’t add anything to your oil. The recommended oils
with the starburst symbol are all you will need for good
performance and engine protection.
When to Change Engine Oil
NOTICE:
Use only engine oil with the American Petroleum
Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines
starburst symbol. Failure to use the
recommended oil can result in engine damage not
covered by your warranty.
GM GoodwrenchR oil meets all the requirements for
your vehicle.
If you are in an area where the temperature falls below
-20_F (-29_C), consider using either an SAE 5W-30
synthetic oil or an SAE 0W-30 oil. Both will provide
easier cold starting and better protection for your engine
at extremely low temperatures.
Your vehicle has a computer that lets you know when to
change your engine oil. This is not based on mileage,
but on engine revolutions and engine operating
temperature. When the computer has calculated that the
oil needs changing, the GM Oil Life System will
indicate that a change is necessary. The mileage between
oil and filter changes will vary depending on how you
drive your vehicle -- usually between 3,000 miles
(5 000 km) and 10,000 miles (16 000 km) since your
last oil and filter change. Under severe conditions, the
system may come on before 3,000 miles (5 000 km).
Never drive your vehicle more than 10,000 miles
(16 000 km) or 12 months (whichever occurs first)
without an oil change.
t
The system won’t detect dust in the oil. So, if you drive
in a dusty area, be sure to change your oil and filter
every 3,000 miles (5 000 km) or sooner. Remember
to reset the change engine oil message whenever the oil
is changed.
6-15
How to Reset the Change Engine Oil Message
1. With the ignition key in RUN but the engine off,
repeatedly push the trip/reset button until OIL
is displayed.
2. When OIL is displayed, push and hold the trip/reset
button for five seconds. The number will disappear
and be replaced by 100 (indicating 100% oil
life remaining).
3. Turn the key to OFF.
If the change engine oil message comes back on,
the engine oil life monitor has not reset. Repeat
the procedure.
What to Do with Used Oil
Did you know that used engine oil contains certain
elements that may be unhealthy for your skin and could
even cause cancer? Don’t let used oil stay on your skin
for very long. Clean your skin and nails with soap and
water, or a good hand cleaner. Wash or properly throw
away clothing or rags containing used engine oil. See
the manufacturer’s warnings about the use and disposal
of oil products.
6-16
Used oil can be a real threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all free-flowing oil
from the filter before disposal. Don’t ever dispose of oil
by putting it in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into
sewers, or into streams or bodies of water. Instead,
recycle it by taking it to a place that collects used oil. If
you have a problem properly disposing of your used oil,
ask your dealer, a service station or a local recycling
center for help.
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
The engine air cleaner/filter is located at the front of the
engine compartment, on the driver’s side of the vehicle,
under the engine coolant reservoir. See “Engine
Compartment Overview” in the Index for more
information on location.
Checking or Replacing the Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
1. Unlatch the two hooks on top of the engine air
cleaner/filter housing.
2. Turn back the air inlet panel and rest it on top of the
housing. The air intake tube is designed to flex back;
you do not need to disconnect it.
3. After replacing the engine air cleaner/filter, seat the
tabs on the bottom of the panel into the slots on
the housing.
4. Latch the hooks to secure the panel in place. If the
panel moves easily, check that the tabs are seated
correctly in the slots.
CAUTION:
Operating the engine with the air cleaner/filter
off can cause you or others to be burned. The air
cleaner not only cleans the air, it stops flame if
the engine backfires. If it isn’t there, and the
engine backfires, you could be burned. Don’t
drive with it off, and be careful working on the
engine with the air cleaner/filter off.
NOTICE:
If the air cleaner/filter is off, a backfire can
cause a damaging engine fire. And, dirt can easily
get into your engine, which will damage it.
Always have the air cleaner/filter in place when
you’re driving.
6-17
Passenger Compartment Air
Filter Replacement
Passenger compartment air, both outside air and
recirculated air, is routed through a passenger
compartment filter, which is part of a two-piece filter
system. The filter removes certain contaminants from
the air, including pollen and dust particles, as well as
odors such as exhaust or fuel fumes. Reductions in
airflow, which may occur more quickly in dusty areas,
indicate that the filter needs to be replaced early. For
how often to change the air filter, see “Scheduled
Maintenance” in the Index.
The access panel for the passenger compartment air
filter is located in the back of the glove box.
6-18
1. Pull the tab up and out on the outer access panel.
2. Then push the tab, located on the left of the inner
access panel, to the right.
3. The first air filter will pull straight out. To remove
the second, reach in and slide it toward the opening.
Pull the second filter out.
4. Replace the filters by reversing Step 3. Make sure
the filters are inserted so that the sealing foam is
angled in the same direction on both filters. For the
type of filter to use, see “Normal Maintenance
Replacement Parts” in the Index.
5. Close the inner access door, while squeezing the tab.
Be sure it is tightly closed.
6. Snap the outer access panel into the back of the
glove box.
6-19
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
NOTICE:
When to Check and Change
Too much or too little fluid can damage your
transaxle. Too much can mean that some of the
fluid could come out and fall on hot engine parts
or exhaust system parts, starting a fire. Be sure to
get an accurate reading if you check your
transaxle fluid.
A good time to check your automatic transaxle fluid
level is when the engine oil is changed.
Change both the fluid and filter every 50,000 miles
(83 000 km) if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
D In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90_F (32_C) or higher.
D In hilly or mountainous terrain.
D When doing frequent trailer towing.
D Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of
these conditions, change the fluid and filter at
100,000 miles (166 000 km).
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.
How to Check
Because this operation can be a little difficult, you may
choose to have this done at the dealership service department.
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the instructions
here, or you could get a false reading on the dipstick.
6-20
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the transaxle
fluid level if you have been driving:
D
D
D
D
When outside temperatures are above 90_F (32_C).
At high speed for quite a while.
In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather.
While pulling a trailer.
To get the right reading, the fluid should be at normal
operating temperature, which is 180_F to 200_F
(82_C to 93_C).
Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about 15 miles
(24 km) when outside temperatures are above 50_F
(10_C). If it’s colder than 50_F (10_C), you may
have to drive longer.
Checking the Fluid Level
Prepare your vehicle as follows:
Then, without shutting off the engine, follow
these steps:
D Park your vehicle on a level place. Keep the
engine running.
D With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever
in PARK (P).
D With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
lever through each gear range, pausing for about
three seconds in each range. Then, position the shift
lever in PARK (P).
D Let the engine run at idle for three to five minutes.
The dipstick is located toward the back of the engine
compartment, next to the brake master cylinder. The
dipstick handle has a bright, red loop design for easy
identification. See “Engine Compartment Overview” in
the Index for more information on location.
1. Pull out the dipstick and wipe it with a clean rag or
paper towel.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and
then pull it back out again.
6-21
2. Using a long-neck funnel, add enough fluid at the
dipstick hole to bring it to the proper level.
It doesn’t take much fluid, generally less than
one pint (0.5 L). Don’t overfill.
NOTICE:
3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read the
lower level. The fluid level must be in the
cross-hatched area.
4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
How to Add Fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of transaxle fluid to use. See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
If the fluid level is low, add only enough of the proper
fluid to bring the level into the cross-hatched area on
the dipstick.
1. Pull out the dipstick.
6-22
We recommend you use only fluid labeled
DEXRONR-III, because fluid with that label is
made especially for your automatic transaxle.
Damage caused by fluid other than
DEXRONR-III is not covered by your new
vehicle warranty.
3. After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as
described under “How to Check.”
4. When the correct fluid level is obtained, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
Engine Coolant
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOLR engine coolant. This coolant is designed
to remain in your vehicle for 5 years or 150,000 miles
(240 000 km), whichever occurs first, if you add only
DEX-COOLR extended life coolant.
The following explains your cooling system and how to
add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem with
engine overheating, see “Engine Overheating” in
the Index.
A 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOLR coolant will:
D
D
D
D
D
Give freezing protection down to -34_F (-37_C).
NOTICE:
When adding coolant, it is important that you use
only DEX-COOLR (silicate-free) coolant.
If coolant other than DEX-COOL is added to the
system, premature engine, heater core or
radiator corrosion may result. In addition, the
engine coolant will require change sooner -- at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Damage caused by the use
of coolant other than DEX-COOLR is not
covered by your new vehicle warranty.
Give boiling protection up to 265_F (129_C).
Protect against rust and corrosion.
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
Let the warning messages and gages work as
they should.
6-23
What to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clean, drinkable water and
one-half DEX-COOLR coolant which won’t damage
aluminum parts. If you use this coolant mixture, you
don’t need to add anything else.
CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid like alcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’s coolant
warning system is set for the proper coolant
mixture. With plain water or the wrong mixture,
your engine could get too hot but you wouldn’t
get the overheat warning. Your engine could
catch fire and you or others could be burned.
Use a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water
and DEX-COOLR coolant.
6-24
NOTICE:
If you use an improper coolant mixture, your
engine could overheat and be badly damaged.
The repair cost wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Too much water in the mixture can
freeze and crack the engine, radiator, heater core
and other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than four times a year,
have your dealer check your cooling system.
NOTICE:
If you use the proper coolant, you don’t have to
add extra inhibitors or additives which claim to
improve the system. These can be harmful.
Checking Coolant
Adding Coolant
If you need more coolant, add the proper DEX-COOLR
coolant mixture at the coolant recovery tank.
CAUTION:
Turning the radiator pressure cap when the
engine and radiator are hot can allow steam and
scalding liquids to blow out and burn you badly.
With the coolant recovery tank, you will almost
never have to add coolant at the radiator.
Never turn the radiator pressure cap -- even a
little -- when the engine and radiator are hot.
The engine coolant reservoir is located on the driver’s
side of the vehicle, above the engine air cleaner/filter.
See “Engine Compartment Overview” in the Index for
more information on location.
Add coolant mixture at the recovery tank, but be careful
not to spill it.
The vehicle must be on a level surface. When your
engine is cold, the coolant level should be at the FULL
COLD mark, or a little higher. When your engine is
warm, the level should be above the FULL COLD mark
or a little higher.
6-25
CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
Occasionally check the coolant level in the radiator. For
information on how to add coolant to the radiator, see
“Cooling System” in the Index.
Radiator Pressure Cap
NOTICE:
Your radiator cap is a 15 psi (105 kPa)
pressure-type cap and must be tightly installed to
prevent coolant loss and possible engine damage
from overheating. Be sure the arrows on the cap
line up with the overflow tube on the radiator
filler neck.
The radiator pressure cap is located at the front of the
engine compartment on the passenger’s side of the
vehicle. See “Engine Compartment Overview” in the
Index for more information on location.
6-26
Power Steering Fluid
The power steering fluid
reservoir is located to the
right of the windshield
washer fluid reservoir, at the
back of the engine
compartment. See “Engine
Compartment Overview” in
the Index for more
information on location.
How to Check Power Steering Fluid
Turn the key off, let the engine compartment cool down,
wipe the cap and the top of the reservoir clean, then
unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstick with a clean rag.
Replace the cap and completely tighten it. Then remove
the cap again and look at the fluid level on the dipstick.
When the engine compartment is hot, the level should be
at the “H” mark. When it’s cold, the level should be at
the “C” mark. If the fluid is at the ADD mark, you
should add fluid.
What to Use
When to Check Power Steering Fluid
It is not necessary to regularly check power steering
fluid unless you suspect there is a leak in the system or
you hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss in this system
could indicate a problem. Have the system inspected
and repaired.
To determine what kind of fluid to use, see
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
Always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the proper
fluid can cause leaks and damage hoses and seals.
6-27
Windshield Washer Fluid
Open the cap labeled WASHER FLUID ONLY. Add
washer fluid until the tank is full.
What to Use
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure to read
the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If you will be
operating your vehicle in an area where the temperature
may fall below freezing, use a fluid that has sufficient
protection against freezing.
D When using concentrated washer fluid,
D
Adding Washer Fluid
The windshield washer fluid
reservoir is located on the
passenger’s side of the
engine compartment, near
the fuse and relay center.
See “Engine Compartment
Overview” in the Index
for more information
on location.
6-28
NOTICE:
D
D
follow the manufacturer’s instructions for
adding water.
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water can cause the solution to freeze
and damage your washer fluid tank and
other parts of the washer system. Also,
water doesn’t clean as well as washer fluid.
Fill your washer fluid tank only
three-quarters full when it’s very cold. This
allows for expansion if freezing occurs,
which could damage the tank if it is
completely full.
Don’t use engine coolant (antifreeze) in
your windshield washer. It can damage
your washer system and paint.
Brakes
Brake Fluid
When new linings are put in, the fluid level goes back
up. The other reason is that fluid is leaking out of the
brake system. If it is, you should have your brake system
fixed, since a leak means that sooner or later your brakes
won’t work well, or won’t work at all.
So, it isn’t a good idea to “top off” your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid won’t correct a leak. If you add fluid
when your linings are worn, then you’ll have too much
fluid when you get new brake linings. You should add
(or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when work is
done on the brake hydraulic system.
CAUTION:
Your brake master cylinder reservoir is filled with
DOT-3 brake fluid. See “Engine Compartment
Overview” in the Index for the location of the reservoir.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in
the reservoir might go down. The first is that the brake
fluid goes down to an acceptable level during normal
brake lining wear.
If you have too much brake fluid, it can spill on
the engine. The fluid will burn if the engine is
hot enough. You or others could be burned,
and your vehicle could be damaged. Add brake
fluid only when work is done on the brake
hydraulic system. See “Checking Brake Fluid” in
this section.
6-29
CAUTION:
United States
Canada
With the wrong kind of fluid in your brake
system, your brakes may not work well, or they
may not even work at all. This could cause a
crash. Always use the proper brake fluid.
When your brake fluid falls to a low level, your brake
warning light will come on. See “Brake System Warning
Light” in the Index.
NOTICE:
What to Add
D Using the wrong fluid can badly damage
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake
fluid. Refer to “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”
in the Index. Use new brake fluid from a sealed
container only.
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and the area
around the cap before removing it. This will help keep
dirt from entering the reservoir.
6-30
D
brake system parts. For example, just a few
drops of mineral-based oil, such as engine
oil, in your brake system can damage brake
system parts so badly that they’ll have to be
replaced. Don’t let someone put in the
wrong kind of fluid.
If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s
painted surfaces, the paint finish can be
damaged. Be careful not to spill brake fluid on
your vehicle. If you do, wash it off immediately.
See “Appearance Care” in the Index.
Brake Wear
Your vehicle has front disc brakes and rear drum brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make
a high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads
are worn and new pads are needed. The sound may
come and go or be heard all the time your vehicle is
moving (except when you are pushing on the brake
pedal firmly).
CAUTION:
The brake wear warning sound means that soon
your brakes won’t work well. That could lead to
an accident. When you hear the brake wear
warning sound, have your vehicle serviced.
NOTICE:
Some driving conditions or climates may cause a brake
squeal when the brakes are first applied or lightly
applied. This does not mean something is wrong with
your brakes.
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect
brake pads for wear and evenly tighten wheel nuts in the
proper sequence to GM torque specifications.
Your rear drum brakes don’t have wear indicators, but if
you ever hear a rear brake rubbing noise, have the rear
brake linings inspected immediately. Also, the rear
brake drums should be removed and inspected each time
the tires are removed for rotation or changing. When
you have the front brake pads replaced, have the rear
brakes inspected, too.
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
See “Brake System Inspection” in Section 7 of
this manual under Part C “Periodic
Maintenance Inspections.”
Continuing to drive with worn-out brake pads
could result in costly brake repair.
6-31
Brake Pedal Travel
Battery
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to
normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in pedal
travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
Your new vehicle comes with a maintenance free
ACDelcoR battery. When it’s time for a new battery, get
one that has the replacement number shown on the
original battery’s label. We recommend an ACDelco
battery. See “Engine Compartment Overview” in the
Index for battery location.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you apply the brakes, with or without the
vehicle moving, your brakes adjust for wear.
Replacing Brake System Parts
The braking system on a vehicle is complex. Its many
parts have to be of top quality and work well together if
the vehicle is to have really good braking. Your vehicle
was designed and tested with top-quality GM brake
parts. When you replace parts of your braking
system -- for example, when your brake linings wear
down and you have to have new ones put in -- be sure
you get new approved GM replacement parts. If you
don’t, your brakes may no longer work properly. For
example, if someone puts in brake linings that are wrong
for your vehicle, the balance between your front and
rear brakes can change -- for the worse. The braking
performance you’ve come to expect can change in many
other ways if someone puts in the wrong replacement
brake parts.
6-32
WARNING: Battery posts, terminals and related
accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer and
reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.
Vehicle Storage
If you’re not going to drive your vehicle for 25 days or
more, remove the black, negative (-) cable from the
battery. This will help keep your battery from
running down.
Halogen Bulbs
CAUTION:
Batteries have acid that can burn you and gas
that can explode. You can be badly hurt if you
aren’t careful. See “Jump Starting” in the Index
for tips on working around a battery without
getting hurt.
Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your vehicle
for longer storage periods.
CAUTION:
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas inside and
can burst if you drop or scratch the bulb. You or
others could be injured. Be sure to read and
follow the instructions on the bulb package.
Headlamps
Also, for your audio system, see “Theft-Deterrent
Feature” in the Index.
To replace the headlamp bulb(s) do the following:
Bulb Replacement
2. Remove the front turn signal/parking lamp assembly.
See “Front Turn Signal/Parking Lamps” later in
this section.
For the type of bulbs, see “Replacement Bulbs” in
the Index.
1. Open the hood.
For any bulb changing procedure not listed in this
section, contact your dealer’s service department.
6-33
3. Remove the two wing nuts located on top of the
headlamp assembly.
4. Unscrew the black retainer ring that holds the bulb
assembly in place.
5. Pull the bulb assembly straight up from the
lamp housing.
6. Unhook the electrical connector by lifting up the
blue tabs and pulling the bulb out.
6-34
7. Install the new bulb through the black retainer ring
and into the electrical connector. Tighten the black
retainer ring in place. Push the bulb firmly enough so
that the blue tabs hook over the tab on the bulb.
8. Carefully put the bulb assembly back into the lamp
housing. Be careful not to damage the bulb on the
headlamp aiming bar.
6-35
Front Turn Signal/Parking Lamps
To replace the front turn signal/parking lamp bulb(s) do
the following:
1. Open the hood.
9. Align the pins on the bottom of the headlamp
assembly with the holes in the lamp support bracket
while placing the holes in the assembly over the
bolts where the wing nuts attach.
10. Reinstall and tighten the wing nuts.
11. Reinstall the front turn signal/parking lamp
assembly by lining up the tabs at the back of the
assembly with the holes in the fender and tighten
the thumbscrew.
Be sure the tab from the front turn signal/parking
lamp assembly is inboard of the tab from the
headlamp assembly.
6-36
2. Remove the thumbscrew attaching the front
turn signal/parking lamp assembly to the
headlamp assembly.
3. Pull the front turn signal/parking lamp assembly
away from the vehicle.
4. Unscrew the bulb socket from the lamp assembly by
pressing the tab while turning it counterclockwise.
5. Replace the bulb by pulling the old one out and
gently pushing the new one into the lamp socket.
6. Line up the tabs on the sockets with the gaps in the
socket holes and screw the bulb socket back into the
lamp housing until a click is heard (the tab popping
back out).
7. To reinstall the lamp assembly, line up and insert the
tabs on the back of the assembly in the slots in the
fender. Engage the lower clip on the back of the
lamp assembly into the fender, keeping the upper tab
on the front turn signal/parking lamp assembly
inboard of the headlamp bracket tab.
8. To align the front turn signal/parking lamp assembly
with the headlamp assembly, lift up the front turn
signal/parking lamp assembly until the upper edge is
contacting the fender.
9. Fasten the front turn signal/parking lamp assembly
to the headlamp assembly with the thumbscrew
removed in Step 2.
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Front Sidemarker
To replace the front sidemarker bulb(s) do
the following:
4. Unscrew the bulb socket from the lamp assembly by
turning it counterclockwise.
1. Open the hood.
5. Replace the bulb by pulling the old one out and
gently pushing the new one into the lamp socket.
2. Remove the thumb screw attaching the front
turn signal/parking lamp assembly to the
headlamp assembly.
3. Pull the front turn signal/parking lamp assembly
away from the vehicle.
6-38
6. Line up the tabs on the sockets with the gaps in the
socket holes and screw the bulb socket back into the
lamp housing.
Taillamps
To replace the taillamp bulb(s) do the following:
1. Open the liftgate.
2. Remove the two screws from the taillamp housing
on the inboard side.
3. Pull off the entire taillamp housing.
The locator/retaining pins on the outboard side are
part of the lamp assembly and will remain intact
during removal.
7. To reinstall the lamp assembly, line up and insert the
tabs on the back of the assembly in the slots in the
fender. Engage the lower clip on the back of the
lamp assembly into the fender, keeping the upper tab
on the front turn signal/parking lamp assembly
inboard of the headlamp bracket tab.
8. To align the front turn signal/parking lamp assembly
with the headlamp assembly, lift up the front turn
signal/parking lamp assembly until the upper edge is
contacting the fender.
9. Fasten the front turn signal/parking lamp assembly to
the headlamp assembly with the thumbscrew
removed in Step 2.
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4. Remove the bulb holder by pressing the four
retaining tabs and pulling the holder away from
the assembly.
6. Snap the bulb holder back into place, making sure all
retaining tabs are properly over the bulb holder tabs.
7. Reinstall the taillamp assembly by inserting the
outboard locating/retaining pins until the lamp is
seated. Secure with the inboard screws.
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
Windshield wiper blades should be inspected at least
twice a year for wear and cracking. See “Wiper Blade
Check” in the Index for more information.
Replacement blades come in different types and are
removed in different ways. For the proper type and
length, see “Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts” in
the Index.
To remove the wiper blade(s) do the following:
1. Turn the wipers on to the lowest intermittent setting.
A. Taillamp Bulb
B. Back-Up Lamp Bulb
C. Turn Signal Lamp Bulb
D. Stop/Taillamp Bulb
5. Replace the bulb(s) by pulling the old bulb(s) out
and gently pushing the new bulb(s) into the bulb
holder socket.
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2. Turn the ignition to OFF while the wipers are at the
outer positions of the wipe pattern. The blades are
more accessible for removal/replacement while in
this position.
3. Pull the windshield wiper arm away from the
windshield or backglass.
4. While holding the
wiper arm away from
the glass, push the
release clip from under
the blade.
5. Push the release clip at the connecting point of the
blade and the arm up and pull the blade assembly
down toward the glass to remove it from the
wiper arm.
6. Push the new wiper blade securely on the wiper arm
until you hear the release clip “click” into place.
7. Push the release clip, from Step 4, down to secure
the wiper blade into place.
6-41
Tires
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires made by
a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever have questions
about your tire warranty and where to obtain service, see
your Chevrolet Warranty booklet for details.
CAUTION: (Continued)
D Underinflated tires pose the same danger as
CAUTION:
Poorly maintained and improperly used tires
are dangerous.
D Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a result of too much friction.
You could have an air-out and a serious
accident. See “Loading Your Vehicle” in
the Index.
CAUTION: (Continued)
6-42
D
D
overloaded tires. The resulting accident
could cause serious injury. Check all tires
frequently to maintain the recommended
pressure. Tire pressure should be checked
when your tires are cold.
Overinflated tires are more likely to be
cut, punctured or broken by a sudden
impact -- such as when you hit a pothole.
Keep tires at the recommended pressure.
Worn, old tires can cause accidents. If your
tread is badly worn, or if your tires have
been damaged, replace them.
Inflation -- Tire Pressure
The Certification/Tire label, which is on the rear edge of
the driver’s door, shows the correct inflation pressures
for your tires when they’re cold. “Cold” means your
vehicle has been sitting for at least three hours or driven
no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
NOTICE:
Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflation or
overinflation is all right. It’s not. If your tires
don’t have enough air (underinflation), you can
get the following:
D Too much flexing
D Too much heat
D Tire overloading
D Bad wear
D Bad handling
D Bad fuel economy.
NOTICE: (Continued)
NOTICE: (Continued)
If your tires have too much air (overinflation),
you can get the following:
D Unusual wear
D Bad handling
D Rough ride
D Needless damage from road hazards.
When to Check
Check your tires once a month or more.
Don’t forget your compact spare tire. It should be
at 60 psi (420 kPa).
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You can’t tell if your tires are properly inflated
simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look
properly inflated even when they’re underinflated.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve stems.
They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt
and moisture.
6-43
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Tires should be rotated every 6,000 to 8,000 miles
(10 000 to 13 000 km). Any time you notice unusual
wear, rotate your tires as soon as possible and check
wheel alignment. Also check for damaged tires or
wheels. See “When It’s Time for New Tires” and
“Wheel Replacement” later in this section for more
information. Make sure the spare tire is stored securely.
Push, pull, and then try to rotate or turn the tire. If it
moves, use the folding wrench to tighten the cable. See
“Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools” in the Index.
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. The first
rotation is the most important. See “Scheduled
Maintenance Services” in the Index for scheduled
rotation intervals.
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When rotating your tires, always use the correct rotation
pattern shown here.
Don’t include the compact spare tire in your
tire rotation.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and
rear inflation pressures as shown on the
Certification/Tire label. Make certain that all wheel nuts
are properly tightened. See “Wheel Nut Torque” in
the Index.
CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to which
it is fastened, can make wheel nuts become loose
after a time. The wheel could come off and cause
an accident. When you change a wheel, remove
any rust or dirt from places where the wheel
attaches to the vehicle. In an emergency, you can
use a cloth or a paper towel to do this; but be
sure to use a scraper or wire brush later, if you
need to, to get all the rust or dirt off. See
“Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index.
When It’s Time for New Tires
One way to tell when it’s
time for new tires is to
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires have
only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) or
less of tread remaining.
You need a new tire if any of the following statements
are true:
D You can see the indicators at three or more places
around the tire.
D You can see cord or fabric showing through the
tire’s rubber.
D The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged deep
enough to show cord or fabric.
D The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
D The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that
can’t be repaired well because of the size or location
of the damage.
6-45
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at
the Certification/Tire label.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
get ones with that same TPC Spec number. That way
your vehicle will continue to have tires that are designed
to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating,
traction, ride and other things during normal service on
your vehicle. If your tires have an all-season tread
design, the TPC number will be followed by
an “MS” (for mud and snow).
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same
size, load range, speed rating and construction
type (bias, bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
CAUTION:
Mixing tires could cause you to lose control while
driving. If you mix tires of different sizes or types
(radial and bias-belted tires), the vehicle may not
handle properly, and you could have a crash.
Using tires of different sizes may also cause
damage to your vehicle. Be sure to use the same
size and type tires on all wheels.
It’s all right to drive with your compact spare,
though. It was developed for use on your vehicle.
CAUTION:
If you use bias-ply tires on your vehicle, the
wheel rim flanges could develop cracks after
many miles of driving. A tire and/or wheel could
fail suddenly, causing a crash. Use only radial-ply
tires with the wheels on your vehicle.
6-46
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Treadwear
Quality grades can be found where applicable on the tire
sidewall between tread shoulder and maximum section
width. For example:
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course.
For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and
a half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course
as a tire graded 100. The relative performance of tires
depends upon the actual conditions of their use,
however, and may depart significantly from the norm
due to variations in driving habits, service practices and
differences in road characteristics and climate.
Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance.
(This applies only to vehicles sold in the United States.)
The grades are molded on the sidewalls of most
passenger car tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading
system does not apply to deep tread, winter-type snow
tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with
nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm),
or to some limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors passenger
cars and light trucks may vary with respect to these
grades, they must also conform to federal safety
requirements and additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.
Traction -- AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA,
A, B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s ability to
stop on wet pavement as measured under controlled
conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor
traction performance. Warning: The traction grade
assigned to this tire is based on straight-ahead braking
traction tests, and does not include acceleration,
cornering, hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.
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Temperature -- A, B, C
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation of
heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under
controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the
material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life, and
excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure.
The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under the
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 109.
Grades B and A represent higher levels of performance
on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required
by law.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory to give you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
6-48
Scheduled wheel alignment and wheel balancing are not
needed. However, if you notice unusual tire wear or
your vehicle pulling one way or the other, the alignment
may need to be reset. If you notice your vehicle
vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your wheels
may need to be rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked, or badly rusted
or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the wheel,
wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced. If the
wheel leaks air, replace it (except some aluminum
wheels, which can sometimes be repaired). See your
dealer if any of these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should have the same load-carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted the
same way as the one it replaces.
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts, replace them only with new GM original
equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to have the
right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts for your vehicle.
Used Replacement Wheels
CAUTION:
Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be dangerous.
It could affect the braking and handling of your
vehicle, make your tires lose air and make you
lose control. You could have a collision in which
you or others could be injured. Always use the
correct wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts
for replacement.
CAUTION:
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You can’t know how it’s been used or
how far it’s been driven. It could fail suddenly
and cause an accident. If you have to replace a
wheel, use a new GM original equipment wheel.
NOTICE:
The wrong wheel can also cause problems with
bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or
odometer calibration, headlamp aim, bumper
height, vehicle ground clearance and tire or tire
chain clearance to the body and chassis.
See “Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index for
more information.
6-49
Tire Chains
NOTICE:
If your vehicle has P225/60R16 size tires, don’t
use tire chains. They can damage your vehicle
because there’s not enough clearance.
Use another type of traction device only if its
manufacturer recommends it for use on your
vehicle and tire size combination and road
conditions. Follow that manufacturer’s
instructions. To help avoid damage to your
vehicle, drive slowly, readjust or remove the
device if it’s contacting your vehicle, and don’t
spin your wheels.
NOTICE: (Continued)
6-50
NOTICE: (Continued)
If you do find traction devices that will fit, install
them on the front tires.
If you have other tires, use tire chains only where
legal and only when you must. Use only SAE
Class “S” type chains that are the proper size for
your tires. Install them on the front tires and
tighten them as tightly as possible with the ends
securely fastened. Drive slowly and follow the
chain manufacturer’s instructions. If you can
hear the chains contacting your vehicle, stop and
retighten them. If the contact continues, slow
down until it stops. Driving too fast or spinning
the wheels with chains on will damage
your vehicle.
Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some
are toxic. Others can burst into flame if you strike a
match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle. Some are
dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed space.
When you use anything from a container to clean your
vehicle, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s warnings
and instructions. And always open your doors or
windows when you’re cleaning the inside.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
Gasoline
Benzene
Naphtha
Carbon Tetrachloride
Acetone
Paint Thinner
Turpentine
Don’t use any of these unless this manual says you can.
In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:
D
D
D
D
Alcohol
Laundry Soap
Bleach
Reducing Agents
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and loose
dirt. Wipe vinyl, leather, plastic and painted surfaces
with a clean, damp cloth.
Cleaning of Fabric/Carpet
Your dealer has two cleaners, Multi-Purpose Interior
Cleaner and Capture Non-Solvent Dry Spot and Soil
Remover for cleaning fabric and carpet. They will clean
normal spots and stains very well. You can get
GM-approved cleaning products from your dealer.
See “Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.
Lacquer Thinner
Nail Polish Remover
They can all be hazardous -- some more than
others -- and they can all damage your vehicle, too.
6-51
Here are some cleaning tips:
6. Wipe cleaned area with a clean, damp towel or cloth.
D
D
D
D
Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
7. Wipe with a clean cloth and let dry.
Clean up stains as soon as you can -- before they set.
Special Fabric Cleaning Problems
Carefully scrape off any excess stain.
Stains caused by such things as catsup, coffee (black),
egg, fruit, fruit juice, milk, soft drinks, vomit, urine and
blood can be removed as follows:
Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a clean
area often. A soft brush may be used if stains
are stubborn.
D If a ring forms on fabric after spot cleaning, clean the
entire area immediately or it will set.
Using Multi-Purpose Interior Cleaner
on Fabric
1. Vacuum and brush the area to remove any loose dirt.
2. Always clean a whole trim panel or section. Mask
surrounding trim along stitch or welt lines.
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the
soiled area with cool water.
2. If a stain remains, follow the Multi-Purpose Interior
Cleaner instructions described earlier.
3. If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine,
treat the area with a water/baking soda solution:
1 teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml)
of lukewarm water.
4. Let dry.
3. Mix powdered cleaner following the directions on
the container label to form thick suds.
Stains caused by candy, ice cream, mayonnaise, chili
sauce and unknown stains can be removed as follows:
4. Use suds only and apply with a clean sponge.
Don’t saturate the material and don’t rub it roughly.
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain.
5. As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use a sponge
to remove the suds.
2. First, clean with cool water and allow to
dry completely.
3. If a stain remains, follow instructions for
Multi-Purpose Interior Cleaner.
6-52
Cleaning Vinyl
Cleaning the Top of the Instrument Panel
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones or
waxes may cause annoying reflections in the windshield
and even make it difficult to see through the windshield
under certain conditions.
D Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt. You
may have to do it more than once.
D Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain
if you don’t get them off quickly. Use a clean cloth
and a vinyl/leather cleaner. See your dealer for
this product.
Cleaning Leather
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap or
saddle soap and wipe dry with a soft cloth. Then, let the
leather dry naturally. Do not use heat to dry.
D For stubborn stains, use a leather cleaner. See your
dealer for this product.
D Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
Cleaning Interior Plastic Components
Use only a mild soap and water solution on a soft
cloth or sponge. Commercial cleaners may affect the
surface finish.
Cleaning the Built-in Child
Restraint Pad
The built-in child restraint pad is attached to the seat
frame with fastener strips. You can remove the pad and
hand wash it with mild soap and water.
cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish on leather.
D Soiled or stained leather should be cleaned
immediately. If dirt is allowed to work into the
finish, it can harm the leather.
6-53
Care of Safety Belts and Built-in
Child Restraint Harness
Keep the safety belts and the built-in child restraint
harness clean and dry.
CAUTION:
Do not bleach or dye safety belts or the built-in
child restraint harness. If you do, they may be
severely weakened. In a crash, they might not be
able to provide adequate protection. Clean the
safety belts and the child restraint harness only
with mild soap and lukewarm water.
Cleaning Glass Surfaces
If abrasive cleaners are used on the inside of the rear
window, an electric defogger element may be damaged.
Any temporary license should not be attached across the
defogger grid.
Cleaning the Outside of the
Windshield, Backglass and
Wiper Blades
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running,
wax, sap or other material may be on the blade
or windshield.
Clean the outside of the windshield with GM
Windshield Cleaner, Bon AmiR Powder (non-scratching
glass cleaning powder), GM Part No. 1050011. The
windshield is clean if beads do not form when you rinse
it with water.
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner or a
liquid household glass cleaner will remove normal
tobacco smoke and dust films on interior glass. See
“Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.
Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper blades
and affect their performance. Clean the blade by wiping
vigorously with a cloth soaked in full-strength
windshield washer solvent. Then rinse the blade
with water.
Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass, because they may
cause scratches. Avoid placing decals on the inside rear
window, since they may have to be scraped off later.
Check the wiper blades and clean them as necessary;
replace blades that look worn.
6-54
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth at least every six
months. During very cold, damp weather more frequent
application may be required. See “Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants” in the Index.
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth
of color, gloss retention and durability.
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to
keep it clean by washing it often with lukewarm or
cold water.
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun.
Use a car washing soap. Don’t use strong soaps or
chemical detergents. Be sure to rinse the vehicle well,
removing all soap residue completely. You can get
GM-approved cleaning products from your dealer.
See “Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.
Don’t use cleaning agents that are petroleum based, or
that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning agents
should be flushed promptly and not allowed to dry on
the surface, or they could stain. Dry the finish with a
soft, clean chamois or an all-cotton towel to avoid
surface scratches and water spotting.
Before you enter an automatic car wash, if your vehicle
is equipped with the optional power sliding door, be sure
to have the switch for the power sliding door override
feature enabled. See “Power Sliding Door” in the Index.
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter
your vehicle.
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses
Use only lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and a car
washing soap to clean exterior lamps and lenses. Follow
instructions under “Washing Your Vehicle.”
6-55
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your vehicle by
hand may be necessary to remove residue from the paint
finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning products
from your dealer. See “Appearance Care and Materials”
in the Index.
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird
droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, etc., can
damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain on painted
surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as possible. If
necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that are marked
safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign matter.
Your vehicle has a “basecoat/clearcoat” paint finish.
The clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the colored
basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that are
non-abrasive and made for a basecoat/clearcoat
paint finish.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a period
of years. You can help to keep the paint finish looking
new by keeping your vehicle garaged or covered
whenever possible.
Finish Care
NOTICE:
Machine compounding or aggressive polishing on
a basecoat/clearcoat paint finish may dull the
finish or leave swirl marks.
6-56
Cleaning Aluminum Wheels
(If Equipped)
Keep your wheels clean using a soft clean cloth with
mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water. After
rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel. A wax
may then be applied.
The surface of these wheels is similar to the painted
surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners, cleaners
with acid or abrasive cleaning brushes on them because
you could damage the surface. Do not use chrome polish
on aluminum wheels.
Don’t take your vehicle through an automatic car wash
that has silicon carbide tire cleaning brushes. These
brushes can also damage the surface of these wheels.
Cleaning Tires
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with a tire cleaner.
NOTICE:
When applying a tire dressing always take care to
wipe off any overspray or splash from all painted
surfaces on the body or wheels of the vehicle.
Petroleum-based products may damage the paint
finish and tires.
Sheet Metal Damage
If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to the parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
Original manufacturer replacement parts will provide
the corrosion protection while maintaining the warranty.
6-57
Finish Damage
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in the finish
should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode
quickly and may develop into a major repair expense.
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up
materials available from your dealer or other service
outlets. Larger areas of finish damage can be corrected
in your dealer’s body and paint shop.
Underbody Maintenance
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust
control can collect on the underbody. If these are not
removed, accelerated corrosion (rust) can occur on the
underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor pan
and exhaust system even though they have
corrosion protection.
6-58
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and other debris can collect. Dirt packed in closed areas
of the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer or an underbody car washing system can
do this for you.
Chemical Paint Spotting
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and
attack painted surfaces on your vehicle. This damage
can take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped
discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched into
the paint surface.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this,
Chevrolet will repair, at no charge to the owner, the
surfaces of new vehicles damaged by this fallout
condition within 12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km)
of purchase, whichever occurs first.
GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
PART NUMBER
994954
1050172
1050173
1050174
1050214
1050427
SIZE
23 in. x 25 in.
16 oz. (0.473 L)
16 oz. (0.473 L)
16 oz. (0.473 L)
32 oz. (0.946 L)
23 oz. (0.680 L)
1052918**
8 oz. (0.237 L)
DESCRIPTION
Polishing Cloth – Wax Treated
Tar and Road Oil Remover
Chrome Cleaner and Polish
White Sidewall Tire Cleaner
Vinyl Cleaner
Glass Cleaner
t Protectant
Armor All
Multi-Purpose
Interior Cleaner
1052929
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Wheel Cleaner
1052930
8 oz. (0.237 L)
Capture Dry Spot Remover
12345721
2.5 sq. ft.
Synthetic Chamois
12345725
12 oz. (0.354 L)
Silicone Tire Shine
12377964*
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Finish Enhancer
12377966*
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Cleaner Wax
12377984*
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Surface Cleaner
See your General Motors Parts Department for these products.
See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
1052925
16 oz. (0.473 L)
USAGE
Exterior polishing cloth
Removes tar, road oil and asphalt
Use on chrome, stainless steel, nickel, copper and brass
Removes soil and black marks from whitewalls
Cleans vinyl tops, upholstery and convertible tops
Removes dirt, grime, smoke and fingerprints
Protects leather, wood, acrylics, Plexiglas , plastic,
rubber and vinyl
Cleans carpets, seats, interior trim, door panels
and floor mats
Spray on and rinse with water
Attracts, absorbs and removes soils on fabric
Shines vehicle without scratching
Spray on tire shine
Removes dust, fingerprints and surface contaminants
Removes light scratches and oxidation and protects finish
Removes contaminants, blemishes and swirl marks
* For exterior use only.
** Not recommended for use on instrument panels.
t
6-59
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Engine Identification
The 8th character in your VIN is the engine code. This
code will help you identify your engine, specifications
and replacement parts.
Service Parts Identification Label
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle. It appears on
a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel, on the
driver’s side. You can see it if you look through the
windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels and the certificates of title and registration.
You’ll find this label on the inside of the access panel
located on the driver’s side of the rear of the vehicle.
It’s very helpful if you ever need to order parts. On this
label is:
D
D
D
D
your VIN,
the model designation,
paint information and
a list of all production options and
special equipment.
Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle.
6-60
Electrical System
Headlamp Wiring
Add-On Electrical Equipment
The headlamp wiring is protected by an internal circuit
breaker in the instrument panel fuse panel. An electrical
overload will cause the lamps to go on and off, or in
some cases to remain off. If this happens, have your
headlamp wiring checked right away.
NOTICE:
Don’t add anything electrical to your vehicle
unless you check with your dealer first. Some
electrical equipment can damage your vehicle
and the damage wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Some add-on electrical equipment
can keep other components from working as
they should.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
add anything electrical to your vehicle, see “Servicing
Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.
Windshield Wipers
The windshield wiper motor is protected by an internal
circuit breaker and a fuse. If the motor overheats due to
heavy snow, etc., the wiper will stop until the motor
cools. If the overload is caused by some electrical
problem, be sure to get it fixed.
Power Windows and Other Power Options
Circuit breakers in the instrument panel fuse panel
protect the power windows and other power accessories.
When the current load is too heavy, the circuit breaker
opens and closes, protecting the circuit until the problem
is fixed.
6-61
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from
short circuits by a combination of fuses, circuit breakers
and fusible thermal links.
Instrument Panel Fuse Block
The instrument panel fuse
block is located to the right
of the glove box.
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Be sure you
replace a bad fuse with a new one of the identical size
and rating.
If you ever have a problem on the road and don’t have a
spare fuse, you can borrow one that has the same
amperage or use one of the spare fuses in the underhood
fuse and relay center. Just pick some feature of your
vehicle that you can get along without -- like the radio
or cigarette lighter -- and use its fuse, if it is the right
amperage. Replace it as soon as you can.
There are two fuse blocks in your vehicle: the
instrument panel fuse block and the underhood fuse and
relay center.
6-62
Pull the door open to access the instrument panel
fuse block.
Fuses
6
7
8
9
10
11
Circuit
Breakers
1
2
3
4
5
Usage
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Control Module, Headlamp and
Instrument Panel Dimmer Switch
Power Sliding Door
Front Power Windows
6-Way Power Seat and Rear Side
Door Actuator Motor
Blower Motor Hi Speed
Relay Module
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
Usage
Steering Wheel Radio Control
Switches (Illumination)
Instrument Cluster to
PRNDL Indicators
Power Remote Control
Mirror Switch
Cruise Control Module,
Switch and Release Switch
Not Used
Power Control Module (PCM),
Ignition Crank
PASS-KeyR III System
Body Control Module (BCM)
Heated Mirrors
Not Used
Not Used
Cigarette Lighter, DIC, Front
Auxiliary Power Outlets
Turn Signal Switch
Interior Lamp and Multifunction
Switch (Power Vent Switch)
6-63
Fuses
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
6-64
Usage
Windshield Wiper/Washer Motor
and Switch
Turn Signal Switch
Rear Electric Accessory
Plug Housing
DRL Control Module
Not Used
Rear Window Defogger Relay,
Heated Mirrors
OnStarR
Inflatable Restraint
Control Module
Heater-A/C Control
Instrument Cluster, BCM,
Electronic Level Control (ELC)
Sensor and Relay
Stoplamp Switch
Module/Electronic Brake Control
Module/Electronic Brake Traction
Control Module (EBCM/EBTCM)
Fuses
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
Usage
Evaporative Emissions (EVAP)
Canister Vent Solenoid Valve
Not Used
ELC Air Compressor and ELC
Relay, Trailer Harness
Courtesy Lamp
BCM, Electronic Brake Control
Indicator Lamp Driver Module,
Instrument Panel Cluster, Rear
Side Door Actuator Control
Module, Rear Windows
Rear HVAC-A/C Control
Rear Window Wiper Motor, Rear
Window Wiper/Washer and
Multifunction Switch (Rear
Window Wiper/Washer Switch)
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Fuses
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
Usage
Not Used
Retained Accessory Power
(RAP) Relay
Not Used
Air Inlet Actuator, DIC Display,
DRL Control Module, Heater-A/C
Control, Temperature Door
Actuator (Front) and Rear
Window Defogger Relay
BCM Programming
Not Used
Not Used
IGN MAIN Relay and PCM,
Electronic Break Control Module
Underhood Fuse and Relay Center
This fuse and relay center is
located in the engine
compartment, in front of the
windshield washer fluid
reservoir. See “Engine
Compartment Overview” in
the Index for more
information on location.
The fuses marked spare are available if a replacement
fuse is needed.
To remove the cover, turn the knob counterclockwise
and lift up. Remove the cover.
When finished, put the cover back on and turn the knob
clockwise. Make sure that the remote positive (+)
terminal cover is on correctly.
6-65
Maxi Fuse
Usage
1 COOL FAN 2
Coolant Fans
2
Not Used
3 HEADLAMPS
Circuit Breakers: FRT HVAC HI
BLWR, and HEADLAMP Fuses
(Instrument Panel): HAZARD
and STOPLAMP
4 BATT MAIN 2 Circuit Breaker: PWR SEAT/PSD.
Fuses (Instrument Panel): ELC
and RR DEFOG
6-66
Maxi Fuse
Usage
5 IGN MAIN 1
Ignition Switch to Fuses
(Instrument Panel): ABS/TCS
IGN, CRUISE, DRL, ELEC
PRNDL, IGN 1, PSD, SIR, T/SIG
and PCM [IGN MAIN Relay
(Underhood Electrical Center
Fuses: A/C CLU, ELEK IGN,
IGN 1-U/H, INJ, TCC)]
6 COOL FAN 1
Coolant Fans
7 BATT MAIN 1 Fuses (Instrument Panel): ABS
MOD BATT, CIGAR/DLC, CTSY
LAMP, FRT PWR SCKT, PWR
LOCK, PWR MIRROR and RR
PWR SCKT
8 IGN MAIN 2
Ignition Switch to Fuses (I/P):
BCM PRGRM, FRT HVAC
LOW/MED BLWR, FRT
WPR/WSHR, HVAC/DRL,
MALL/RADIO/DIC, PWR QRT
VENT, RR HVAC, RR
WPR/WSHR, SWC ACCY and
PWR WDO Circuit Breaker
Mini Relays
Usage
Mini Fuse
Usage
9 COOL FAN
RH FAN 1, LH FAN 2
21 IGN1-UH
Evaporative Emissions (EVAP)
Canister Purge Valve, Heated
Oxygen Sensors 1 and 2, Mass Air
Flow (MAF) Sensor
22 SPARE
Not Used
23 SPARE
Not Used
24 SPARE
Not Used
25 ELEK IGN
Ignition Control Module (ICM)
26 SPARE
Not Used
27 B/U LAMP
Transaxle Range Switch to
Back-up Lamps
10 COOL FAN 2 LH FAN 2
11 IGN MAIN
FUSES: A/C CLU, IGN 1-U/H,
INS, ELEK IGN, TCC
12 COOL FAN 1 RH FAN 1, LH FAN 2
Micro Relays
Usage
13 A/C CLU
A/C Clutch
14 FUEL PUMP
Fuel Pump
15
Not Used
16 HORN
Horn
17 FOG LAMP
LH Fog Lamp, RH Fog Lamp,
Fog Lamp Indicator
28 A/C CLU
A/C CLU Relay to A/C
Compressor Clutch Oil
Mini Fuse
Usage
29 RADIO
18 INJ
Fuel Injectors 1-6
19 SPARE
Not Used
20 SPARE
Not Used
Driver Information Display,
Heater A/C Control, Radio, Rear
Side Door Actuator Control
Motor, Remote Control Door Lock
Receiver (RCDLR), Security
Indicator Lamp and
Theft-Deterrent Shock Sensor
6-67
Mini Fuse
Usage
Mini Fuse
Usage
30 ALT SENSE
Generator
37 PARK LP
31 TCC
Automatic Transaxle (Torque
Converter Clutch Solenoids)
Stoplamp Switch to PCM
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Control Module, Headlamps
and Instrument Panel Dimmer
Switch Theft-Deterrent Relay
to Headlamps
32 FUEL PUMP
Fuel Pump Relay
38
Not Used
33 ECM SENSE
Powertrain Control
Module (PCM)
39 AIR
Not Used
34
Not Used
Diodes
35 FOG LP
Fog Lamp Relay
36 HORN
Horn Relay
A/C
CLU DIODE
40
6-68
Air Conditioning Clutch Diode
Mini Fuse Puller
Replacement Bulbs
Headlamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9004-HBI
Front Turn Signal/
Parking Lamps . . . . . . . . . . 3157NA or 3157 NAK
Front Sidemarker Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
Stop/Taillamps (Top) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3057
Signal Lamps (2nd from Top) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3156
Back-up Lamps (3rd from Top) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3156
Taillamps (Bottom) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3057
Capacities and Specifications
The following approximate capacities are given in
English and metric conversions.
Please refer to “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”
in the Index for more information.
Automatic Transaxle
Pan Removal and Replacement . . . 7.4 quarts (7.0 L)
Complete Overhaul . . . . . . . . . . . 10.0 quarts (9.5 L)
Cooling System
With A/C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.6 quarts (9.1 L)
With Rear Climate Control . . . . . 11.9 quarts (11.3 L)
Engine Crankcase - Oil and
Filter Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.5 quarts (4.25 L)
Fuel Capacity
Standard/Regular . . . . . . . 20.0 U.S. gallons (75.0 L)
Optional/Extended . . . . . . 25.5 U.S. gallons (94.0 L)
Refrigerant, Air Conditioning . . . . See Refrigerant
Label under the hood.
Tire Pressures, Sizes . . . . See Certification/Tire label
on the rear edge of the driver’s door.
Wheel Nut Torque . . . . . . . . . . 100 lb-ft (140 N·m)
Windshield
Washer Fluid . . . . . . . . . . 1.0 U.S. gallon (0.37 L)
All capacities are approximate. When adding, be sure
to fill to the appropriate level, as recommended in
this manual.
Engine Specifications
Engine VIN Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E
Engine Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . V6
Firing Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2-3-4-5-6
Horsepower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
Thermostat Temperature
Specification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195_F (91_C)
6-69
Normal Maintenance
Replacement Parts
Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter . . . . . . . . ACDelcoR Type A-1208C
Battery Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CCA=600
Engine Oil Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PF47
Passenger Compartment
Air Filter (2) . . . . . . . . . . . . GM Part No. 52482929
PCV Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CV892C
Radiator Pressure Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RC27
Spark Plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . ACDelcoR Type 41-940
Gap: 0.060 inches (1.5 mm)
Windshield Wiper Blades
Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24.0 inches (60.0 cm)
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheperd’s Hook
Wiper Blade (Backglass)
Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16.0 inches (40.6 cm)
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheperd’s Hook
6-70
Vehicle Dimensions - Regular Wheel Base
Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186.9 inches (474.6 cm)
Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72.0 inches (183.0 cm)
Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67.4 inches (171.2 cm)
Wheelbase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112.0 inches
(284.5 cm)
Front Tread Width . . . . . . . . . 61.5 inches (156.2 cm)
Rear Tread Width . . . . . . . . . . 63.3 inches (160.8 cm)
Vehicle Dimensions - Extended Wheel Base
Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200.9 inches (510.2 cm)
Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72.0 inches (183.0 cm)
Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68.1 inches (172.9 cm)
Wheelbase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120.0 inches
(304.7 cm)
Front Tread Width . . . . . . . . . 61.5 inches (156.2 cm)
Rear Tread Width . . . . . . . . . . 63.3 inches (160.8 cm)
Section 7 Maintenance Schedule
This section covers the maintenance required for your vehicle. Your vehicle needs these services to retain its safety,
dependability and emission control performance.
7-2
7-4
7-15
Introduction
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
7-20
7-22
7-24
Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections
Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
Part E: Maintenance Record
7-
7-1
Introduction
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your
vehicle in good working condition, but also helps the
environment. All recommended maintenance procedures
are important. Improper vehicle maintenance can even
affect the quality of the air we breathe. Improper fluid
levels or the wrong tire inflation can increase the level
of emissions from your vehicle. To help protect our
environment, and to keep your vehicle in good
condition, please maintain your vehicle properly.
Maintenance Requirements
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The Plan
supplements your new vehicle warranties. See your
Warranty and Owner Assistance booklet or your dealer
for details.
7-2
Maintenance intervals, checks, inspections and
recommended fluids and lubricants as prescribed in
this manual are necessary to keep your vehicle in good
working condition. Any damage caused by failure to
follow recommended maintenance may not be covered
by warranty.
How This Section is Organized
This maintenance schedule is divided into five parts:
“Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services” shows
what to have done and how often. Some of these
services can be complex, so unless you are technically
qualified and have the necessary equipment, you should
let your dealer’s service department or another qualified
service center do these jobs.
CAUTION:
Performing maintenance work on a vehicle can
be dangerous. In trying to do some jobs, you can
be seriously injured. Do your own maintenance
work only if you have the required know-how
and the proper tools and equipment for the job.
If you have any doubt, have a qualified
technician do the work.
“Part B: Owner Checks and Services” tells you what
should be checked and when. It also explains what you
can easily do to help keep your vehicle in good condition.
“Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections” explains
important inspections that your dealer’s service department
or another qualified service center should perform.
“Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” lists
some recommended products necessary to help keep
your vehicle properly maintained. These products, or
their equivalents, should be used whether you do the
work yourself or have it done.
“Part E: Maintenance Record” is a place for you to
record and keep track of the maintenance performed on
your vehicle. Keep your maintenance receipts. They may
be needed to qualify your vehicle for warranty repairs.
If you want to get the service information, see “Service
and Owner Publications” in the Index.
7-3
Part A: Scheduled
Maintenance Services
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motors want to help you keep your
vehicle in good working condition. But we don’t know
exactly how you’ll drive it. You may drive very short
distances only a few times a week. Or you may drive
long distances all the time in very hot, dusty weather.
You may use your vehicle in making deliveries.
Or you may drive it to work, to do errands or in
many other ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may need more
frequent checks and replacements. So please read the
following and note how you drive. If you have any
questions on how to keep your vehicle in good
condition, see your dealer.
7-4
This part tells you the maintenance services you should
have done and when you should schedule them. If you
go to your dealer for your service needs, you’ll know
that GM-trained and supported service people will
perform the work using genuine GM parts.
The proper fluids and lubricants to use are listed in Part D.
Make sure whoever services your vehicle uses these. All
parts should be replaced and all necessary repairs done
before you or anyone else drives the vehicle.
This schedule is for vehicles that:
D carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits. You will find these limits on your vehicle’s
Certification/Tire label. See “Loading Your Vehicle”
in the Index.
D are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
D use the recommended fuel. See “Fuel” in the Index.
Scheduled Maintenance
The services shown in this schedule up to 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) should be performed after 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) at the same intervals. The services shown
at 150,000 miles (240 000 km) should be performed at
the same interval after 150,000 miles (240 000 km).
See “Owner Checks and Services” and “Periodic
Maintenance Inspections” following.
Footnotes
[ The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to
the completion of the vehicle’s useful life. We, however,
urge that all recommended maintenance services be
performed at the indicated intervals and the
maintenance be recorded.
+ A good time to check your brakes is during tire
rotation. See “Brake System Inspection” under
“Periodic Maintenance Inspections” in Part C
of this schedule.
7-5
Scheduled Maintenance
Engine Oil and Chassis Lubrication
Scheduled Maintenance
Change engine oil and filter as indicated by the
GM Oil Life System (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). Reset the system. The system
will show you when to change the oil -- usually between
3,000 miles (5 000 km) and 10,000 miles (16 000 km)
since your last oil change. Under severe conditions, the
indicator may come on before 3,000 miles (5 000 km).
Never drive your vehicle more than 10,000 miles
(16 000 km) or 12 months without an oil and
filter change.
t
7-6
The system won’t detect dust in the oil. So if you drive
in a dusty area, be sure to change your oil and filter
every 3,000 miles (5 000 km) or sooner if the change
engine oil message appears. Remember to reset the
Oil Life System when the oil and filter have been
changed. See “Oil Life System” in the Index for
information on resetting.
An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate chassis components with each engine oil and
filter change. Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
transaxle shift linkage, parking brake cable guides and
the underbody contact points and linkage.
Scheduled Maintenance
7-7
Scheduled Maintenance
7-8
Scheduled Maintenance
7,500 Miles (12 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
j Inspect engine air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions.
Replace filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j Replace passenger compartment air filter. If you drive regularly under dusty
conditions, the filter may require replacement more often.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
22,500 Miles (37 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-9
Scheduled Maintenance
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
j Replace passenger compartment air filter. If you drive regularly under dusty
conditions, the filter may require replacement more often.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
j Replace engine air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
37,500 Miles (62 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
j Inspect engine air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions.
Replace filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j Replace passenger compartment air filter. If you drive regularly under dusty
conditions, the filter may require replacement more often.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
7-10
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Scheduled Maintenance
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
j Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
under one or more of these conditions:
– In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly reaches
90_F (32_C) or higher.
– In hilly or mountainous terrain.
– When doing frequent trailer towing.
– Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, change the fluid
and filter at 100,000 miles (166 000 km).
52,500 Miles (87 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-11
Scheduled Maintenance
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
j Replace passenger compartment air filter. If you drive regularly under dusty
conditions, the filter may require replacement more often.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
j Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
An Emission Control Service.
j Replace engine air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
67,500 Miles (112 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
j Inspect engine air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions.
Replace filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j Replace passenger compartment air filter. If you drive regularly under dusty
conditions, the filter may require replacement more often.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
7-12
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Scheduled Maintenance
82,500 Miles (137 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
j Replace passenger compartment air filter. If you drive regularly under dusty
conditions, the filter may require replacement more often.
j Replace engine air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
97,500 Miles (162 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
7-13
Scheduled Maintenance
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
j Inspect spark plug wires.
An Emission Control Service.
j Replace spark plugs.
An Emission Control Service.
j Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
under one or more of these conditions:
– In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly reaches
90_F (32_C) or higher.
– In hilly or mountainous terrain.
– When doing frequent trailer towing.
– Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
j If you haven’t used your vehicle under severe service conditions listed
previously and, therefore, haven’t changed your automatic transaxle fluid,
change both the fluid and filter.
150,000 Miles (240 000 km)
j Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every 60 months since last service,
whichever occurs first). See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and neck. Pressure test
the cooling system and pressure cap.
An Emission Control Service.
7-14
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
Listed in this part are owner checks and services which
should be performed at the intervals specified to help
ensure the safety, dependability and emission control
performance of your vehicle.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to your
vehicle, make sure they are the proper ones, as shown
in Part D.
At Each Fuel Fill
It is important for you or a service station attendant
to perform these underhood checks at each fuel fill.
Engine Oil Level Check
Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil if
necessary. See “Engine Oil” in the Index for
further details.
Engine Coolant Level Check
Check the engine coolant level and add DEX-COOLR
coolant mixture if necessary. See “Engine Coolant” in
the Index for further details.
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Check the windshield washer fluid level in the
windshield washer tank and add the proper fluid
if necessary. See “Windshield Washer Fluid” in
the Index for further details.
At Least Once a Month
Tire Inflation Check
Make sure tires are inflated to the correct pressures.
Don’t forget to check your spare tire. See “Tires” in
the Index for further details.
Cassette Deck Service
Clean cassette deck. Cleaning should be done every
50 hours of tape play. See “Audio Systems” in the
Index for further details.
7-15
At Least Twice a Year
Restraint System Check
Make sure the safety belt reminder light and all your
belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and anchorages are
working properly. If your vehicle has a built-in child
restraint, also periodically make sure the harness straps,
latch plates, buckle, clip, child head restraint and
anchorages are working properly. Look for any other
loose or damaged safety belt and built-in child restraint
system parts. If you see anything that might keep a
safety belt or built-in child restraint system from doing
its job, have it repaired. Have any torn or frayed safety
belts or harness straps replaced.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag coverings,
and have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
Wiper Blade Check
Inspect wiper blades for wear or cracking. Replace blade
inserts that appear worn or damaged or that streak or
miss areas of the windshield. Also see “Wiper Blades,
Cleaning” in the Index.
7-16
Spare Tire Check
At least twice a year, after the monthly inflation check
of the spare tire determines that the spare is inflated to
the correct tire inflation pressure, make sure that the
spare tire is stored securely. Push, pull, and then try to
rotate or turn the tire. If it moves, use the folding wrench
to tighten the cable. See “Storing the Spare Tire and
Tools” in the Index.
Weatherstrip Lubrication
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth. During very cold,
damp weather more frequent application may be
required. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”
in the Index.
Automatic Transaxle Check
Check the transaxle fluid level; add if needed.
See “Automatic Transaxle Fluid” in the Index.
A fluid loss may indicate a problem. Check the system
and repair if needed.
At Least Once a Year
Starter Switch Check
Key Lock Cylinders Service
Lubricate the key lock cylinders with the lubricant
specified in Part D.
Body Lubrication Service
Lubricate all key lock cylinders, hood latch assemblies,
secondary latches, pivots, spring anchor and release
pawl, hood and door hinges, rear folding seats, fuel
door hinge, liftgate hinges, power sliding door cable
and sliding door track(s). Part D tells you what to use.
More frequent lubrication may be required when
exposed to a corrosive environment.
CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly. If it does, you or others could be
injured. Follow the steps below.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake and the regular
brake. See “Parking Brake” in the Index if necessary.
NOTE: Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be
ready to turn off the engine immediately if it starts.
3. Try to start the engine in each gear. The starter
should work only in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
If the starter works in any other position, your
vehicle needs service.
7-17
Automatic Transaxle Shift Lock Control
System Check
CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly. If it does, you or others could be
injured. Follow the steps below.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough
room around the vehicle. It should be parked on
a level surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake. See “Parking Brake”
in the Index if necessary.
NOTE: Be ready to apply the regular brake
immediately if the vehicle begins to move.
7-18
3. With the engine off, turn the key to the RUN
position, but don’t start the engine. Without applying
the regular brake, try to move the shift lever out
of PARK (P) with normal effort. If the shift lever
moves out of PARK (P), your vehicle needs service.
Ignition Transaxle Lock Check
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try to turn
the ignition key to LOCK in each shift lever position.
D The key should turn to LOCK only when the shift
lever is in PARK (P).
D The key should come out only in LOCK.
Parking Brake and Automatic Transaxle PARK (P)
Mechanism Check
CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, your vehicle
could begin to move. You or others could be
injured and property could be damaged. Make
sure there is room in front of your vehicle in case
it begins to roll. Be ready to apply the regular
brake at once should the vehicle begin to move.
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular brake,
set the parking brake.
D To check the parking brake’s holding ability: With
the engine running and transaxle in NEUTRAL (N),
slowly remove foot pressure from the regular brake
pedal. Do this until the vehicle is held by the parking
brake only.
D To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding ability:
With the engine running, shift to PARK (P).
Then release the parking brake followed by the
regular brake.
Underbody Flushing Service
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
corrosive materials from the underbody. Take care
to clean thoroughly any areas where mud and other
debris can collect.
7-19
Part C: Periodic
Maintenance Inspections
Steering, Suspension and Front Drive Axle
Boot and Seal Inspection
Listed in this part are inspections and services which
should be performed at least twice a year (for instance,
each spring and fall). You should let your dealer’s
service department or other qualified service center
do these jobs. Make sure any necessary repairs are
completed at once.
Inspect the front and rear suspension and steering
system for damaged, loose or missing parts, signs of
wear or lack of lubrication. Inspect the power steering
lines and hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks,
cracks, chafing, etc. Clean and then inspect the
drive axle boot seals for damage, tears or leakage.
Replace seals if necessary.
Proper procedures to perform these services may be
found in a service manual. See “Service and Owner
Publications” in the Index.
7-20
Exhaust System Inspection
Inspect the complete exhaust system. Inspect the body
near the exhaust system. Look for broken, damaged,
missing or out-of-position parts as well as open seams,
holes, loose connections or other conditions which could
cause a heat build-up in the floor pan or could let
exhaust fumes into the vehicle. See “Engine Exhaust”
in the Index.
Engine Cooling System Inspection
Brake System Inspection
Inspect the hoses and have them replaced if they are
cracked, swollen or deteriorated. Inspect all pipes,
fittings and clamps; replace as needed. Clean the outside
of the radiator and air conditioning condenser. To help
ensure proper operation, a pressure test of the cooling
system and pressure cap is recommended at least once
a year.
Inspect the complete system. Inspect brake lines and
hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks,
chafing, etc. Inspect disc brake pads for wear and rotors
for surface condition. Also inspect drum brake linings
for wear and cracks. Inspect other brake parts, including
drums, wheel cylinders, calipers, parking brake, etc.
Check parking brake adjustment. You may need to have
your brakes inspected more often if your driving habits
or conditions result in frequent braking.
Throttle System Inspection
Inspect the throttle system for interference or binding,
and for damaged or missing parts. Replace parts as
needed. Replace any components that have high effort
or excessive wear. Do not lubricate accelerator and
cruise control cables.
7-21
Part D: Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants
NOTE: Fluids and lubricants identified below by name,
part number or specification may be obtained from
your dealer.
USAGE
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Engine Oil
Engine oil with the American
Petroleum Institute Certified for
Gasoline Engines starburst symbol
of the proper viscosity.
To determine the preferred
viscosity for your vehicle’s engine,
see “Engine Oil” in the Index.
Engine Coolant
7-22
50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable
water and use only GM
GoodwrenchR DEX-COOLR
or HavolineR DEX-COOLR
Coolant. See “Engine Coolant”
in the Index.
USAGE
Hydraulic
Brake System
Windshield
Washer Solvent
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Delco Supreme 11R Brake Fluid
(GM Part No. 12377967 or
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid).
GM OptikleenR Washer Solvent
(GM Part No. 1051515)
or equivalent.
Parking Brake
Cable Guides
Chassis Lubricant (GM Part
No. 12377985 or equivalent)
or lubricant meeting requirements
of NLGI # 2, Category LB
or GC-LB.
Power
Steering System
GM Power Steering Fluid
(GM Part No. 1052884 - 1 pint,
1050017 - 1 quart, or equivalent).
Automatic
Transaxle
DEXRONR-III Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
Key
Lock Cylinders
Multi-Purpose Lubricant,
SuperlubeR (GM Part
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
USAGE
FLUID/LUBRICANT
USAGE
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Chassis
Lubrication
Chassis Lubricant (GM Part
No. 12377985 or equivalent)
or lubricant meeting requirements
of NLGI # 2, Category LB
or GC-LB.
Rear Folding
Seat, Fuel
Door Hinge,
Liftgate Hinges,
Power Sliding
Door Cable
Multi-Purpose Lubricant,
SuperlubeR (GM Part
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
Hood Latch
Assembly,
Secondary Latch,
Pivots, Spring
Anchor and
Release Pawl
Hood and
Door Hinges
LubriplateR Lubricant Aerosol
(GM Part No. 12346293 or
equivalent) or lubricant meeting
requirements of NLGI # 2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Multi-Purpose Lubricant,
SuperlubeR (GM Part
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
Sliding
Door Track
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
LubriplateR Lubricant Aerosol
(GM Part No. 12346293 or
equivalent) or lubricant meeting
requirements of NLGI # 2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Dielectric Silicone Grease (GM
Part No. 12345579 or equivalent).
7-23
Part E: Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date, odometer reading and who performed the service in the
boxes provided after the maintenance interval. Any additional information from “Owner Checks and Services” or
“Periodic Maintenance” can be added on the following record pages. Also, you should retain all maintenance receipts.
Your owner information portfolio is a convenient place to store them.
Maintenance Record
DATE
7-24
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
Maintenance Record
DATE
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
7-25
Maintenance Record
DATE
7-26
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
Section 8 Customer Assistance Information
Here you will find out how to contact Chevrolet if you need assistance. This section also tells you how to obtain
service publications and how to report any safety defects.
8-2
8-4
8-4
8-5
8-6
8-7
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Customer Assistance for Text Telephone
(TTY) Users
Customer Assistance Offices
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
Chevrolet Roadside Assistance Program
Canadian Roadside Assistance
8-8
8-9
8-10
8-10
8-11
Courtesy Transportation
Warranty Information
Reporting Safety Defects to the United
States Government
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government
Reporting Safety Defects to General Motors
8-
8-1
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to your
dealer and to Chevrolet. Normally, any concerns with
the sales transaction or the operation of your vehicle
will be resolved by your dealer’s sales or service
departments. Sometimes, however, despite the best
intentions of all concerned, misunderstandings can
occur. If your concern has not been resolved to your
satisfaction, the following steps should be taken:
STEP ONE -- Discuss your concern with a member
of dealership management. Normally, concerns can be
quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has
already been reviewed with the sales, service or parts
manager, contact the owner of the dealership or the
general manager.
8-2
STEP TWO -- If after contacting a member of
dealership management, it appears your concern cannot be
resolved by the dealership without further help, contact
the Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center by
calling 1-800-222-1020. In Canada, contact GM of Canada
Customer Communication Centre in Oshawa by calling
1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854 (French).
We encourage you to call the toll-free number in order
to give your inquiry prompt attention. Please have the
following information available to give the Customer
Assistance Representative:
D Vehicle Identification Number (This is available
from the vehicle registration or title, or the plate
at the top left of the instrument panel and visible
through the windshield.)
When contacting Chevrolet, please remember that
your concern will likely be resolved at a dealer’s facility.
That is why we suggest you follow Step One first if
you have a concern.
STEP THREE -- Both General Motors and your dealer
are committed to making sure you are completely
satisfied with your new vehicle. However, if you
continue to remain unsatisfied after following the
procedure outlined in Steps One and Two, you should
file with the GM/BBB Auto Line Program to enforce
any additional rights you may have. Canadian owners
refer to your Warranty and Owner Assistance
Information booklet for information on the Canadian
Motor Vehicle Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP).
D Dealership name and location
D Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
8-3
The BBB Auto Line Program is an out of court program
administered by the Council of Better Business Bureaus
to settle automotive disputes regarding vehicle repairs or
the interpretation of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Although you may be required to resort to this informal
dispute resolution program prior to filing a court action,
use of the program is free of charge and your case will
generally be heard within 40 days. If you do not agree
with the decision given in your case, you may reject it and
proceed with any other venue for relief available to you.
You may contact the BBB using the toll-free telephone
number or write them at the following address:
BBB Auto Line
Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1804
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
This program is available in all 50 states and the District
of Columbia. Eligibility is limited by vehicle age,
mileage and other factors. General Motors reserves the
right to change eligibility limitations and/or discontinue
its participation in this program.
8-4
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hard of hearing, or
speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones (TTYs),
Chevrolet has TTY equipment available at its Customer
Assistance Center. Any TTY user can communicate
with Chevrolet by dialing: 1-800-833-CHEV (2438).
(TTY users in Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
Customer Assistance Offices
Chevrolet encourages customers to call the toll-free
number for assistance. If a U.S. customer wishes to write
to Chevrolet, the letter should be addressed to Chevrolet’s
Customer Assistance Center.
United States
Chevrolet Motor Division
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33170
Detroit, MI 48232-5170
1-800-222-1020
1-800-833-2438 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-CHEV-USAR (243-8872)
From:
Puerto Rico:
1-800-496-9992 (English)
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
U.S. Virgin Islands:
1-800-496-9994
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
Canada
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
1-800-263-3777 (English)
1-800-263-7854 (French)
1-800-263-3830 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-268-6800
Mexico, Central America and Caribbean
Islands/Countries (Except Puerto Rico and
U.S. Virgin Islands)
General Motors de Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V.
Customer Assistance Center
Paseo de la Reforma # 2740
Col. Lomas de Bezares
C.P. 11910, Mexico, D.F.
01-800-508-0000
Long Distance: 011-52 - 53 29 0 800
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
This program, available to
qualified applicants, can
reimburse you up to $1,000
toward aftermarket driver
or passenger adaptive
equipment you may require
for your vehicle (hand
controls, wheelchair/scooter
lifts, etc.).
This program can also provide you with free resource
information, such as area driver assessment centers and
mobility equipment installers. The program is available
for a limited period of time from the date of vehicle
purchase/lease. See your dealer for more details or call
the GM Mobility Assistance Center at 1-800-323-9935.
Text telephone (TTY) users, call 1-800-833-9935.
GM of Canada also has a Mobility Program.
Call 1-800-GM-DRIVE (463-7483) for details.
When calling from outside Canada, please dial
1-905-644-3063. All TTY users call 1-800-263-3830.
8-5
Chevrolet Roadside Assistance Program
If your problem cannot be resolved over the phone,
our advisors have access to a nationwide network of dealer
recommended service providers. Roadside membership
is free; however some services may incur costs.
Roadside offers two levels of service to the customer,
Basic Care and Courtesy Care:
D Toll-free number, 1-800-CHEV-USA (243-8872),
text telephone (TTY) users, call 1-888-889-2438
D Free towing for warranty repairs
D Basic over-the-phone technical advice
D Available dealer services at reasonable costs
To enhance Chevrolet’s strong commitment to customer
satisfaction, Chevrolet is excited to announce the
establishment of the Chevrolet Roadside Assistance
Center. As the owner of a 2001 Chevrolet, membership
in Roadside Assistance is free.
Roadside Assistance is available 24 hours a day,
365 days a year, by calling 1-800-CHEV-USA (243-8872).
This toll-free number will provide you over-the-phone
roadside assistance with minor mechanical problems.
8-6
(i.e., wrecker services, locksmith/key service,
glass repair, etc.)
ROADSIDE Courtesy Care PROVIDES:
D Roadside Basic Care services (as outlined previously)
Plus:
D FREE Non-Warranty Towing (to the closest dealer
from a legal roadway)
D FREE Locksmith/Key Service (when keys are lost
on the road or locked inside)
D FREE Flat Tire Service (spare installed on the road)
D FREE Jump Start (at home or on the road)
D FREE Fuel Delivery ($5 of fuel delivered on the road)
Chevrolet offers Courtesy Transportation for customers
needing warranty service. Courtesy Transportation will
be offered in conjunction with the coverage provided by
the Bumper-to-Bumper New Vehicle Limited Warranty
to eligible purchasers of 2001 Chevrolet passenger cars
and light duty trucks. (Please see your selling dealer
for details.)
Courtesy Care is available to retail and retail lease
customers operating 2001 and newer Chevrolet vehicles
for a period of 3 years/36,000 miles (60 000 km),
whichever occurs first. All Courtesy Care services must
be pre-arranged by Chevrolet Roadside or dealer
service management.
Basic Care and Courtesy Care are not part of or
included in the coverage provided by the New Vehicle
Limited Warranty. Chevrolet reserves the right to
modify or discontinue Basic Care and Courtesy Care
at any time.
For prompt assistance when calling, please have the
following available to give to the advisor:
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
License plate number
Vehicle color
Vehicle location
Telephone number where you can be reached
Vehicle mileage
Description of problem
Canadian Roadside Assistance
Vehicles purchased in Canada have an extensive
Roadside Assistance program accessible from anywhere
in Canada or the United States. Please refer to the
separate brochure provided by the dealer or call
1-800-268-6800 for emergency services.
The Roadside Assistance Center uses companies
that will provide you with quality and priority service.
When roadside services are required, our advisors will
explain any payment obligations that may be incurred
for utilizing outside services.
8-7
Courtesy Transportation
Chevrolet has always exemplified quality and value
in its offering of motor vehicles. To enhance your
ownership experience, we and our participating dealers
are proud to offer Courtesy Transportation, a customer
support program for new vehicles.
The Courtesy Transportation program is offered to
retail purchase/lease customers in conjunction with
the Bumper-to-Bumper coverage provided by the
New Vehicle Limited Warranty. Several transportation
options are available when warranty repairs are
required. This will reduce your inconvenience during
warranty repairs.
Plan Ahead When Possible
When your vehicle requires warranty service, you
should contact your dealer and request an appointment.
By scheduling a service appointment and advising your
service consultant of your transportation needs, your
dealer can help minimize your inconvenience. If your
vehicle cannot be scheduled into the service department
immediately, keep driving it until it can be scheduled for
service, unless, of course, the problem is safety-related.
If it is, please call your dealership, let them know this,
and ask for instructions.
8-8
If the dealer requests that you simply drop the vehicle
off for service, you are urged to do so as early in the
work day as possible to allow for same day repair.
Transportation Options
Warranty service can generally be completed while you
wait. However, if you are unable to wait Chevrolet helps
minimize your inconvenience by providing several
transportation options. Depending on the circumstances,
your dealer can offer you one of the following:
Shuttle Service
Participating dealers can provide you with shuttle service
to get you to your destination with minimal interruption of
your daily schedule. This includes a one way shuttle ride to
a destination up to 10 miles from the dealership.
Public Transportation or Fuel Reimbursement
If your vehicle requires overnight warranty repairs,
reimbursement up to $30 per day (five days maximum)
may be available for the use of public transportation
such as taxi or bus. In addition, should you
arrange transportation through a friend or relative,
reimbursement for reasonable fuel expenses up to
$10 per day (five day maximum) may be available.
Claim amounts should reflect actual costs and be
supported by original receipts.
Courtesy Rental Vehicle
When your vehicle is unavailable due to overnight
warranty repairs, your dealer may arrange to provide
you with a courtesy rental vehicle or reimburse you
for a rental vehicle you obtained, at actual cost, up to
a maximum of $30.00 per day supported by receipts.
This requires that you sign and complete a rental
agreement and meet state, local and rental vehicle
provider requirements. Requirements vary and may
include minimum age requirements, insurance coverage,
credit card, etc. You are responsible for fuel usage
charges and may also be responsible for taxes, levies,
usage fees, excessive mileage or rental usage beyond the
completion of the repair.
Courtesy Transportation is available only at
participating dealers and all program options, such as
shuttle service, may not be available at every dealer.
Please contact your dealer for specific information about
availability. All Courtesy Transportation arrangements
will be administered by appropriate dealer personnel.
Canadian Vehicles: For warranty repairs during the
Complete Vehicle Coverage period of the General
Motors of Canada New Vehicle Limited Warranty,
alternative transportation may be available under the
Courtesy Transportation Program. Please consult your
dealer for details.
Generally it is not possible to provide a like-vehicle as
a courtesy rental.
General Motors reserves the right to unilaterally modify,
change or discontinue Courtesy Transportation at any time
and to resolve all questions of claim eligibility pursuant to the
terms and conditions described herein at its sole discretion.
Additional Program Information
Warranty Information
Courtesy Transportation is available during the
Bumper-to-Bumper warranty coverage period,
but it is not part of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
A separate booklet entitled “Warranty and Owner
Assistance Information” furnished with each new
vehicle provides detailed warranty coverage information.
Your vehicle comes with a separate warranty booklet
that contains detailed warranty information.
8-9
REPORTING SAFETY
DEFECTS TO THE UNITED
STATES GOVERNMENT
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could
cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to
notifying General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in
a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in the
Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the hotline.
8-10
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TO
THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited. You may write to:
Transport Canada
330 Sparks Street
Tower C
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N5
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO GENERAL MOTORS
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada)
in a situation like this, we certainly hope you’ll notify
us. Please call us at 1-800-222-1020, or write:
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Chevrolet Motor Division
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33170
Detroit, MI 48232-5170
8-11
2001 CHEVROLET SERVICE PUBLICATIONS ORDERING INFORMATION
The following publications covering the operation and servicing of your vehicle can be purchased by filling out
the Service Publication Order Form in this book and mailing it in with your check, money order,
or credit card information to Helm, Incorporated (address below.)
CURRENT PUBLICATIONS FOR 2001 CHEVROLET
SERVICE MANUALS
Service Manuals have the diagnosis and repair information
on engines, transmission, axle, suspension, brakes,
electrical, steering, body, etc.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $120.00
OWNER’S INFORMATION
Owner publications are written directly for Owners and
intended to provide basic operational information about the
vehicle. The owner’s manual will include the Maintenance
Schedule for all models.
TRANSMISSION, TRANSAXLE, TRANSFER CASE
UNIT REPAIR MANUAL
This manual provides information on unit repair service
procedures, adjustments and specifications for the
2001 GM transmissions, transaxles and transfer cases.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $50.00
In-Portfolio: Includes a Portfolio, Owner’s Manual and
Warranty Booklet.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $20.00
SERVICE BULLETINS
Service Bulletins give technical service information needed
to knowledgeably service General Motors cars and trucks.
Each bulletin contains instructions to assist in the
diagnosis and service of your vehicle.
PLEASE COMPLETE THE ORDER FORM SHOWN ON
THE FOLLOWING PAGE AND MAIL TO:
Helm, Incorporated S P.O. Box 07130 S Detroit, MI 48207
8-12
Without Portfolio: Owner’s Manual only.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $15.00
CURRENT & PAST MODEL ORDER FORMS
Service Publications are available for current and past
model GM vehicles. To request an order form, please
specify year and model name of the vehicle.
OR ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-551-4123
Monday-Friday 8:00 AM – 6:00 PM Eastern Time
Visit Helm, Inc. on the World Wide Web at: www.helminc.com
For Credit Card Orders Only (VISA–MasterCard–Discover)
ORDER TOLL FREE
(NOTE: For Credit Card Holders Only)
1-800-551-4123
(Monday-Friday 8:00 AM – 6:00 PM EST)
FAX Orders Only 1-313-865-5927
2
0
0
1
PUBLICATION FORM
NUMBER
Orders will be mailed within 10 days of receipt. Please allow adequate time for postal
service. If further information is needed, write to the address shown below or call
1-800-551-4123. Material cannot be returned for credit without packing slip with return
information within 30 days of delivery. On returns, a re-stocking fee may be applied
against the original order.
ITEM DESCRIPTION
VEHICLE MODEL
NAME
YEAR
QTY.
PRICE
EACH*
Service Manual
Car & Light Truck
Transmission Unit Repair
2001
$120.00
2001
$50.00
Owner’s Manual In Portfolio
2001
$20.00
Owner’s Manual Without Portfolio
2001
$15.00
TOTAL
PRICE
G
M
S
H
I
P
T
O
NOTE: Dealers and Companies please provide dealer or company name, and also the
name of the person to whose attention the shipment should be sent.
Mail completed order form to:
HELM, INCORPORATED S P.O. Box 07130 S Detroit, MI 48207
For purchases outside U.S.A. please write to the above address for quotation.
(CUSTOMER’S NAME)
(ATTENTION)
(STREET ADDRESS—NO P.O. BOX NUMBERS)
(CITY)
(STATE)
DAYTIME TELEPHONE NO.
(ZIP CODE)
(
)
AREA CODE
GM-CHE-ORD99
*(Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring
obligation. Allow ample time for delivery.)
P
A
Y
M
E
N
T
Check or Money
Order payable to
Helm, Inc. (USA funds
only — do not send cash.)
TOTAL MATERIAL
Michigan Purchasers
add 6% sales tax
U.S. Order Processing
MasterCard
VISA
$6.00
Canadian Postage
GRAND TOTAL
Discover
Account
Number:
Expiration
Date mo/yr:
Check here if your billing address
is different from your shipping
address shown.
CUSTOMER SIGNATURE
Note to Canadian Customers: All listed prices are quoted in U.S. funds. Canadian residents
are to make checks payable in U.S. funds.
8-13
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