Vertex Standard VXA-710 Specifications

Vertex Standard VXA-710 Specifications
AIR BAND TRANSCEIVER
Operating Manual
SPIRIT
CONTENTS
Important Notice! ........................................................... 1
Introduction .................................................................... 2
Control & Connectors ................................................... 3
Top Panel ........................................................................... 3
Front Panel ........................................................................ 4
Side Panel .......................................................................... 5
Keypad .............................................................................. 6
Before You Begin ........................................................... 8
Precautions ........................................................................ 8
How to Install the Quick Draw Clip ................................. 8
Installation of FNB-80LI Battery Pack ............................. 9
Battery Charging ............................................................... 9
Installation of FBA-23 Alkaline Battery Case ................ 10
Low Battery Indication .................................................... 11
AC Operation Using NC-72B/C ..................................... 11
Basic Operation ........................................................... 12
Preliminary Steps ............................................................ 12
Operation Quick Start ..................................................... 12
Squelch Adjustment ........................................................ 13
Accessing the 121.5 MHz Emergency Frequency .......... 14
Tuning Methods .............................................................. 14
Transmission ................................................................... 15
Reception of Weather Channel Broadcasts ..................... 16
Monitor Key .................................................................... 17
ANL (Automatic Noise Limiter) Feature ........................ 17
LOCK Function ............................................................... 18
Beep On/Off .................................................................... 18
Receive Battery Saver Setup ........................................... 19
Memory Operation ....................................................... 20
Memory System Operation ............................................. 20
Memory Storage .............................................................. 20
Recalling the Memories .................................................. 21
Memory Offset Tuning .................................................... 21
Deleting Memories .......................................................... 22
Home Channel Memory .................................................. 22
Scanning Operation .................................................... 23
Basic Scan ....................................................................... 23
Channel-Skip Scanning ................................................... 24
Programmable (Band Limit) Memory Scan (PMS) ........ 24
Dual Watch Operation ................................................. 25
Priority Dual Watch Operation ................................... 26
Spectrum Scope Monitor ............................................ 27
VOR Navigation (AIR Band) ....................................... 28
To Select the VOR Mode ................................................ 29
Flying to a VOR Station .................................................. 30
Entering a Desired Course .............................................. 32
Position Cross-checking .................................................. 33
Split Operation ................................................................ 34
BRS (Business Radio service) Channel Operation ..... 35
Recalling the BRS channels ............................................ 35
CTCSS Operation ........................................................... 35
DCS Operation ................................................................ 37
CTCSS/DCS Bell Operation ........................................... 38
Miscellaneous Setting ................................................ 39
Automatic Power-Off (APO) Feature ............................. 39
Transmitter Time-Out Timer (TOT) ................................ 39
Programming the Key Assignments ................................ 40
Display Customization .................................................... 41
TX/BUSY Indicator Customization ................................ 42
Changing the Channel Step ............................................. 43
Field Programming Mode ........................................... 44
CPU Resetting .............................................................. 45
Timer Mode .................................................................. 46
Menu (“Set”) Mode ...................................................... 46
Specifications .............................................................. 56
Accessories & Options ............................................... 58
IMPORTANT NOTICE!
FCC RF Exposure Compliance Requirements for Occupational Use Only:
This Radio has been tested and complies with the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) RF exposure limits for
Occupational Use/Controlled exposure environment. In addition, it complies with the following Standards and Guidelines:
FCC 96-326, Guidelines for Evaluating the Environmental Effects of Radio-Frequency Radiation.
FCC OET Bulletin 65 Edition 97-01 (1997) Supplement C, Evaluating Compliance with FCC Guidelines for Human
Exposure to Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Fields.
ANSI/IEEE C95.1-1992, IEEE Standard for Safety Levels with Respect to Human Exposure to Radio Frequency
Electromagnetic Fields, 3 kHz to 300 GHz.
ANSI/IEEE C95.3-1992, IEEE Recommended Practice for the Measurement of Potentially Hazardous Electromagnetic Fields - RF and Microwave.
This radio is NOT approved for use by the general population in an uncontrolled environment. This radio is
restricted to occupational use, work related operations only where the radio operator must have the knowledge
to control its RF exposure conditions.
When transmitting, hold the radio in a vertical position with its microphone 1 to 2 inches (2.5 to 5 cm) away
from your mouth and keep the antenna at least 1 inch (2.5 cm) away from your head and body.
The radio must be used with a maximum operating duty cycle not exceeding 50%, in typical Push-to-Talk
configurations. DO NOT transmit for more than 50% of total radio use time (50% duty cycle). Transmitting
more than 50% of the time can cause FCC RF exposure compliance requirements to be exceeded.
The radio is transmitting when the red LED on the top of the radio is illuminated. You can cause the radio to
transmit by pressing the P-T-T button.
Always use Vertex Standard authorized accessories.
NOTICE
There are no user-serviceable points inside this transceiver. All service jobs must be referred to your Authorized
Service Center.
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
1
INTRODUCTION
The Vertex Standard VXA-710 Spirit is a compact, stylish, solid hand-held transceiver providing communication (transmit and receive) capability on the International Aircraft Communication Band (“COM” band: 118 ~ 136.975 MHz), and it
additionally provides VOR and CDI navigation features on the “NAV” band (108 ~ 117.975 MHz). What’s more, it also is
receiving on the FM BC Band, Weather Channel Broadcast (USA version only), and BRS (Business Radio Service) band.
The VXA-710 includes Temperature display with our exclusive Omni-Glow™ display back-light for minimal degradation
of your night vision, NOAA weather band monitoring, 8-character Alpha/Numeric Display, 70 Memory Channels, and 90
“Book Memory” Channels.
We recommend that you read this manual in its entirety, so as to understand the many features of the VXA-710 completely.
Keep this manual handy, so you may use it for reference.
NOTE: The VXA-710’s VOR and CDI Navigation features are supplemental aids to navigation only, and are not
intended to be a substitute for accurate (primary) VOR/CDI or landing service equipment.
2
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
CONTROLS & CONNECTORS (TOP PANEL)
Antenna Jack
This SMA jack accepts the supplied flexible antenna,
or another antenna designed to provide 50 Ohm impedance on the Aircraft Communication Band and
BRS Band.
MIC/SP Jack
You may connect the supplied CT-96 Headset Cable,
or the optional MH-44B4B Speaker/Microphone, to
this jack.
Never connect any Speaker/Microphone that is not
recommended by the manufacturer. Because these jack
connections are unique, using a Speaker/Microphone
that is not specified by Vertex Standard may damage
the VXA-710.
VOL Knob
This control adjusts the audio volume level. Clockwise rotation increases the volume level.
DIAL Selector Knob
This 20-position detented rotary switch tunes the operating frequency or selects the memory channels.
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
3
CONTROLS & CONNECTORS (FRONT PANEL)
LCD (Liquid Crystal Display)
The display shows the current operating conditions,
including frequency, etc.
PWR (Power) Switch
Press and hold this switch for 3 seconds to toggle the
transceiver’s power on and off.
Microphone
Speak across this opening in a normal voice level,
while pressing the PTT switch, to transmit.
Battery Pack Latch
Open this latch for battery removal.
Keypad
Several keys have triple functions.
The primary functions are labeled on the key top (activated by simply pressing the key momentarily).
The secondary functions are labeled in yellow above
the top edge of the key (activated by pressing the
key first, then the indicated key).
The third functions are labeled in black above the top
edge of the key, and are activated by pressing and holding in the selected key for 2 seconds.
These functions are summarized on the pages 6 and 7.
BUSY/TX Indicator Lamp
This lamp glows green when a signal is being received
and red when transmitting.
You may customize the color setup via the Menu mode.
Loudspeaker
The internal speaker is located in this position.
4
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
CONTROLS & CONNECTORS (SIDE PANEL)
PTT (Push To Talk) Switch
Press this button to transmit when you are operating
in the COM band (118.000 - 136.975 MHz). Release
this button to return to the “Receive” mode. See page
15.
MONITOR Switch
This button may be pressed to “Open” the squelch
manually, allowing you to listen for very weak signals. Press and hold this button for 2 seconds to “Open”
the squelch continuously. Press this button again to
resume normal (quiet) monitoring. See page 17.
EXT DC Jack
When an external 12-Volt DC power source is available, you may connect the (optional) E-DC-5B DC
Cable w/Noise Filter or E-DC-6 DC Cable here.
Do not connect any wire to this jack if that
wire is connected directly to a 28-Volt DC
source. Connecting the VXA-710 directly to a source
which exceeds 15.0 Volts DC will result in damage
to the unit.
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
5
CONTROL & CONNECTORS (KEYPAD)
Primary Function
(Press Key)
6
Activates the “Secondary” key
mode.
Frequency entry digit “1.”
Frequency entry digit “2.”
Secondary Function
)
(Press +
None
Activates VOR mode.
Selects “TO” VOR mode.
Third Function
(Press and hold key)
None
Recalls Menu Item “SQL Type”
(for activating CTCSS or DCS decoder on
a BRS Memory Channel).
Recalls Menu Item “TONE Set”
(for selecting the CTCSS tone frequency
on a BRS Memory Channel).
Primary Function
(Press Key)
Selects the Emergency Channel
(121.5 MHz).
Frequency entry digit “4.”
Frequency entry digit “5.”
Secondary Function
)
(Press +
Switches operation to the “Home”
(favorite frequency) channel.
Activates the Course Deviation
Indicator mode.
None
Third Function
(Press and hold key)
None
None
Recalls Menu Item “APO”
(for setting of the Automatic
Power-Off time).
Primary Function
(Press Key)
None
Frequency entry digit “7.”
Frequency entry digit “8.”
Secondary Function
)
(Press +
Split-Memory “Write” Command
Activates Split (Duplex) mode.
None
Third Function
(Press and hold key)
Memory “Write” Command
Recalls Menu Item “Step”
(for setting of the synthesizer
steps).
Recalls Menu Item “Beep” (for
setting of the keypad beeper).
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
CONTROL & CONNECTORS (KEYPAD)
Frequency entry digit “3.”
Toggles the operating band
between the AIR band and FM
BC band in the VFO mode.
Selects “FROM” VOR mode.
None
Primary Function
(Press Key)
Selects the tuning methods
among the VFO, MR, BMR, WX,
and BRS1.
None
Secondary Function
)
(Press +
Activates the “Set” (Menu) mode.
None
Third Function
(Press and hold key)
None
2
Primary Function
(Press Key)
Activates the Automatic Noise
Limiter during AM reception.
Frequency entry digit “6.”
Frequency entry digit “0.”
Enables/Disables the Alphanumeric Tag display during
Memory operation.
None
Secondary Function
)
(Press +
Locks the Keypad.
None
Recalls Menu Item “SQL”
(for setting the squelch threshold
level).
Third Function
(Press and hold key)
Switches the frequency display
between the “Large Character”
and “Small Character” mode.
Frequency entry digit “9.”
Activates the Scanner.
Primary Function
(Press Key)
None
Activates Dual Watch.
Secondary Function
)
(Press +
Sets the Memory Skip (Omit)
feature to the current memory
channel.
Activates the “Memory Tune”
mode while in the Memory Recall
mode.
Third Function
(Press and hold key)
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
1: VFO: Variable Frequency Oscillator
MR: Memory Recall
BMR: Pre-Programmed Memories
WX: Weather Channel Memories
BRS: Business Radio Service
2: The Primary and Third functions of
key may be customized by
the
user via the Menu mode. See page
40.
7
BEFORE YOU BEGIN
Precautions
This apparatus is capable of two-way communication
on channels used for critical aviation safety communications. Therefore, it is important that this radio be
kept away from children or other unauthorized users
at all times.
When making DC connections via the (optional) EDC-5B DC cable, be absolutely certain to observe
the proper voltage level and polarity guidelines. Do
not connect this radio directly to any 24 ~ 28 Volt DC
source, nor to AC power of any kind. Connecting the
VXA-710 directly to a source which exceeds 15.0
Volts DC will result in damage to the unit.
Do not dispose of the LI-ion Battery Pack in a fire.
Do not carry a LI-ion Battery Pack in your pocket,
where keys or coins could short the terminals. This
could create a serious fire/burn danger, and possibly
cause damage to the LI-ion pack.
How to Install the Quick Draw Belt Clip
Connect the hanger to the rear of the VXA-710, with
the notch pointing directly up, using the supplied screw
(Figure 1). Use only the screw included with the clip
to mount the clip to the back of the VXA-710!
Clip the Quick-Draw Belt Clip onto your belt (Figure
2).
To install the VXA-710 into the Quick-Draw Belt Clip,
align the hanger with the Quick-Draw Belt Clip, and
slide the VXA-710 into its slot until a click is heard
(Figure 3).
To remove the VXA-710 from the Quick-Draw Belt
Clip, rotate the VXA-710 180 degrees, then slide the
VXA-710 out from the Quick-Draw Belt Clip (Figure
4).
Figure 1
Figure 2
8
Figure 3
Figure 4
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
BEFORE YOU BEGIN
Installation of FNB-80LI Battery Pack
Battery Charging
The FNB-80LI is a high-performance Lithium-Ion battery providing high capacity in a very compact package.
Under normal use, the FNB-80LI may be used for approximately 300 charge cycles, after which operating time
may be expected to decrease. If you have an old battery
pack which is displaying capacity which has become diminished, you should replace the pack with a new one.
If the battery has never been used, or its charge is depleted, it
may be charged by connecting the NC-72B/C Battery
Charger, as shown in the illustration, to the EXT DC jack. If only
NC-72B/C
12 ~ 15 Volt DC power is availE-DC-5B
E-DC-6
able, the optional E-DC-5B DC
Cable (w/cigarette lighter plug)
or E-DC-6 DC Cable may also
be used for charging the battery,
as shown in the illustration. “Now Charging . . .” will blink
in the display while the battery is being charged. When charging is finished (approximately five hours), the display will
change to indicate “Complete” and the BUSY/TX indicator will blink blue.
Install the FNB-80LI as shown in the illustration.
Close the Battery Pack Latch on the bottom of the
radio.
Do not attempt to open any of the rechargeable
LI-ion packs, as personal injury or damage to
the LI-ion pack could occur if a cell or cells become
accidentally short-circuited.
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
Important Notes:
Do not leave the charger connected to the transceiver
for continuous periods in excess of 24 hours. Long
term overcharging can degrade the LI-ion battery pack
and significantly shorten its useful life.
If using a charger other than the NC-72B/C, or if using a battery pack other than the FNB-80LI, follow
the appropriate instructions provided with the charger/
battery. Contact your Dealer if you have any doubts
about the appropriateness of the particular charger or
battery pack you intend to use.
9
BEFORE YOU BEGIN
Installation of
FBA-23 Alkaline Battery Case (Option)
The optional FBA-23 Battery Case allows receive monitoring using two “AA” size Alkaline batteries.
To Install Alkaline Batteries into the FBA-23
Slide the batteries into the FBA-23
as shown in the illustration, with the
Negative [–] side of the batteries
touching the spring connections inside the FBA-23.
Open the Battery Pack Latch on the
bottom of the radio.
. Install the FBA-23 into the battery compartment on
the back of the transceiver, then close the Battery Pack
Latch on the bottom of the radio.
10
The FBA-23 does not provide connections for charging,
since Alkaline cells cannot be re-charged. Therefore, the
NC-72B/C, E-DC-5B, or E-DC-6 may safely be connected to the EXT DC jack when the FBA-23 is installed.
Notes:
The FBA-23 is designed for use only with AA-type
Alkaline cells.
If you do not use the VXA-710 for a long time, remove the Alkaline batteries from the FBA-23, as battery leakage could cause damage to the FBA-23 and/
or the transceiver.
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
BEFORE YOU BEGIN
Low Battery Indication
As you battery discharges during use, the voltage will
gradually become lower. When the “
” begins
blinking on the LCD display, the battery pack
must be recharged before
further use.
Avoid recharging Li-Ion batteries before the “Low Battery” indicator is observed, as this can degrade the
charge capacity of your Li-Ion battery pack. Vertex
Standard recommends that you carry an extra, fullycharged pack with you so you will not lose communications capability due to a depleted Li-Ion battery.
This “deep cycling” practice will help to maintain
longer overall battery life after many recharging cycles.
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
AC Operation Using NC-72B/C
(Receiving only)
The VXA-710 may be operated from your house current
by use of the supplied NC-72B/C Battery Charger. The
NC-72B/C should only be used for reception, because it
is not capable of supplying sufficient current to support
transmission.
To use the NC-72B/C, turn the transceiver off, then plug
the miniature connector of the Battery Charger into the
EXT DC jack on the side of the radio. Now plug the Battery Charger into the wall outlet. You may now turn on the
transceiver.
11
BASIC OPERATION
12
Preliminary Steps
Operation Quick Start
Install a charged battery pack onto the transceiver, as
described previously.
Screw the supplied antenna onto the Antenna jack.
Never operate this transceiver without an antenna connected.
If you have an optional Speaker/Microphone or headset. we recommend that it not be connected until you
are familiar with the basic operation of the VXA-710.
To turn the radio on,
press and hold in the
(PWR) Switch for 3
seconds.
The opening message
will appear on the display, then frequency display will appear.
Press the
key to
switch the operating
band between the AIR
band and FM BC band.
Directly entering frequencies from the keypad is the easiest method
if you know the frequency on which you wish to operate. Just enter the five digits of the frequency to move
to that frequency. However, there is a short-cut for
frequencies ending in zero - press the
key after
the last non-zero digit.
For example, to set 134.35 MHz,
press
.
To set 118.000 MHz:
.
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
BASIC OPERATION
To set 118.275 MHz, you do not need to press the
final “5” in the frequency:
.
Note: When the entered frequency is outside of the
current operating band, the entry is ignored (i.e. VXA710 does not permit entry of an FM BC band frequency while operating in the AIR band).
You may also turn the
top panel’s DIAL selector knob to choose the
desired operating frequency. The channel frequency will appear on
the LCD.
To change frequency in 1 MHz steps, press the
key momentarily, then rotate the DIAL selector knob
to select the MHz digit desired. Press the
key
once more to resume normal channel step.
Rotate the VOL knob to
set the volume level. If
no signal is present,
press and hold in the
MONITOR button for 2
seconds; background
noise will now be heard,
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
and you may use this noise to set the VOL knob for
the desired audio level. Press the MONITOR button
momentarily to silence the noise and resume normal
(quiet) monitoring.
(PWR)
To turn the radio off, press and hold in the
switch for 3 seconds.
Squelch Adjustment
Press and hold in the
key for 3 seconds. This instantly recalls Menu Item “SQL” on the Air Band,
Weather Channel, or BRS
Band or “ F M R a d i o
SQL” on the FM BC
band.
Press the
key to enable adjustment of this Menu
Item.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob to set the squelch
threshold (0 - 8) so that the receiver is just silenced.
A higher number indicates that a higher signal level is
required in order to open the squelch.
When you have made your setting, press the
key
to save the new setting, then press the PTT key repetitively until the radio exits to normal operation.
13
BASIC OPERATION
Accessing the 121.5 MHz Emergency
Frequency
The VXA-710 can quickly access the 121.500 MHz Emergency Frequency. This function can be activated even when
the keypad lock function is in use.
To access the Emergency Frequency, press
the
key momentarily.
To exit the Emergency
Frequency, press the
key momentarily.
14
Tuning Methods
Throughout this manual, you will see references to several different frequency setting methods. Each will be particularly useful in a particular operating situation, and they
are described below:
VFO (Variable Frequency Oscillator)
The VFO is a “tuning
dial” system which allows
you to tune through the
AIR band and FM BC
band using the DIAL selector, the Keypad, or the scanner. To select these bands, press the
key momentarily.
MR (Memory Recall)
The MR (Memory Recall) mode of the VXA710 provides the user
with the ability to store
and recall as many as 68 channels in the radio’s main
memory bank. These memory channels may also be
labeled by you with an alpha/numeric name of up to 8
characters in length, to aid in quick identification of
the channel. See page 20 for details on creating alpha/
numeric labels.
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
BASIC OPERATION
BOOK (Pre-Programmed) Memories
The Book memories are
pre-programmed, either
at the factory or by your
Dealer (depending on
your country’s requirements), typically including the
major AIR band station frequencies used in your area.
The Book memories can be changed by the user. See
page 44 for details.
WX (Weather Channel) Memories (USA version only)
Ten Weather Channels
are pre-programmed at
the factory. The VXA710 will automatically
scan this special bank when it is selected by the user.
BRS (Business Radio Service) Memories
22 BRS Channels are preprogrammed at the factory. See page 35 for details of BRS Memory
Channel Operation.
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
Transmission
To transmit, press and
hold in the PTT switch.
Speak into the microphone area of the front
panel grille in a normal
voice level.
To return to the receive
mode, release the PTT switch.
VFO
BRS
MR
WX
BOOK
( USA version only)
15
BASIC OPERATION
Reception of Weather Channel Broadcasts
(USA version only)
The VXA-710 can receive VHF Weather Channel broadcasts, which may assist your flight planning. The VXA710 includes a ten-channel auto-search feature, which simplifies access to Weather Channels when you are in an
unfamiliar location.
To receive Weather
Channels, press the
key (repeatedly, if necessary) to select the
Weather Channel mode.
In the Weather Channel
mode, “WX” will appear
upper left corner of the
display.
The VXA-710 will now
scan quickly though the
ten standard Weather Channels, and will stop on the
first active station found.
If there are two or more weather channels audible in
your area, you may select the alternate channel(s) by
pressing the PTT switch. Pressing the PTT switch reinitiates the scanning process.
16
If there are no Weather Channel
Frequency
WX 1
162.5500 MHz
Channels in your area, the
WX 2
162.4000 MHz
scanner will not stop.
WX 3
162.4750 MHz
Press the MONITOR butWX 4
162.4250 MHz
ton to stop the scanner.
WX 5
162.4500 MHz
WX 6
162.5000 MHz
Yo u c a n a l s o s e l e c t
WX 7
162.5250 MHz
Weather Channels manuWX 8
161.6500 MHz
ally by rotating the DIAL
WX 9
161.7750 MHz
WX 10
163.2750 MHz
selector knob.
To exit the Weather Channel mode, press the
key
momentarily to return to the VFO mode.
Note 1: In the event of extreme weather disturbances, such
as storms and hurricanes, the NOAA (National Oceanic
and Atmospheric Administration) sends a weather alert accompanied by a 1050 Hz tone and subsequent weather
report on one of the NOAA weather channels. You may
setup the Alert function when receiving the Weather Alert
signal via Menu Item (6. Misc Setup, 3. WX Alert), if
desired.
Note 2: The Weather Channel mode memorizes the last
Weather Channel you have used, and will retain this information until the radio is turned off.
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
BASIC OPERATION
Monitor Key
ANL (Automatic Noise Limiter) Feature
When listening to a very weak signal from an aircraft or
ground station, you may observe the signal disappearing
periodically as the incoming signal strength becomes too
weak to override the squelch threshold setting.
For reduction of impulse noise, such as that produced by
an engine’s ignition system, the ANL feature may prove
helpful.
To disable the squelch temporarily, press and hold the
MONITOR key for 2 seconds on the left side of the
radio, just below the PTT
button. The “
” icon will
appear on the display, and
the squelch will remain open
and you should have a better
chance of hearing weak signals.
To return to normal operation, press the MONITOR key
momentarily; the “
” icon will disappear from the display.
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
To activate the ANL feature, press the
key
m o m e n t a r i l y. T h e
“ANL” icon will appear
on the display, and you
should observe a reduction in the ignition noise.
To turn the ANL feature
off, press the
key
again; the “ANL” icon
will disappear from the
display.
Note: The ANL feature is only activated on the Air Band.
17
BASIC OPERATION
LOCK Function
Beep On/Off
The lock function prevents accidental changes to the frequency setting and the keypad controls.
The VXA-710’s key/button beeper provides convenient
audible feedback whenever a button is pressed. Each key
and button has a different beep pitch, and each function
has a unique beep combination.
To activate the lock feature, press the
key
followed by the
key.
In the LOCK mode, the
“ ” icon will appear on
the display.
To turn the lock feature
off, press press the
key followed by the
key again; the “ ” icon
will disappear from the display.
You can still access the 121.500 MHz Emergency Frequency when the LOCK function is on. Simply press
the
key momentarily (this key never locks). Pressing this key also unlocks the radio.
18
When you are scanning, the beeper will be heard each time
the scanner halts on a busy channel. This may be distracting in some environments; if you want to turn the beeper
off (or back on again):
Press and hold the
key
for 2 seconds. This instantly recalls Menu Item
“Beeper.”
key to enable adjustment of this Menu
Press the
Item.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob to select the desired
selection.
On:
Sounds a keypad beeper corresponding to a
musical note.
DTMF: Sounds a keypad beeper corresponding to a
DTMF tone.
Off:
Keypad beeper is “off.”
When you have made your selection, press the
key to save the new setting, then press the PTT key
repetitively until the radio exits to normal operation.
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
BASIC OPERATION
Receive Battery Saver Setup
An important feature of the VXA-710 is its Receive Battery Saver, which “puts the radio to sleep” for a time interval, periodically “waking it up” to check for activity. If
somebody is talking on the channel, the VXA-710 will
remain in the “active” mode, then resume its “sleep” cycles.
This feature significantly reduces quiescent battery drain,
and you may change the amount of “sleep” time between
activity checks using the Menu System:
*ABS: Automatic Battery Saver, based on activity on the
receiver.
The setting of 1:5 will promote the greatest conservation
of battery capacity, but the receiver’s response time to incoming calls will be slowed somewhat.
Note: The Receive Battery Saver feature does not operate
during Scan, Dual Watch, or Spectrum Scop Monitoring.
Press the
key, then press the
key to activate
the Menu (“SET”) mode.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob to select Menu Item
“3. Receive,” then press the
key.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob to select Sub Menu
Item “5. RX Save,” then press the
key.
Press the
key again to enable adjustment of this
Menu Item.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob to select the desired
“duty cycle” (receive:sleep). The selections available
are 1:1, 1:2, 1:3, 1:4, 1:5, and ABS* or oFF. The
default value is ABS.
When you have made your selection, press the
key to save the new setting, then press the PTT key
repetitively until the radio exits to normal operation.
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
19
MEMORY OPERATION
The VXA-710 provides 70 user-programmable Main
memories, labeled “MR1” through “MR68”, “MRLch,”
and “MRUch,” up to 90 pre-programmed memories, designated “Book” Memories, labeled “BMR1” through
“BMR90,” and one Home channel, allowing storage and
quick recall of favorite operating frequency.
The Main memories and “Book” Memories can be assigned
alpha-numeric names of up to eight characters.
Memory System Operation
The VXA-710’s Main Memory system allows the user to
store, label, and recall channel frequencies which you may
want to use frequently. You may store VFO frequencies,
“Book” Memory frequencies, and/or Weather Channel frequencies (USA version only) into the Main Memory system.
Memory Storage
Select the desired frequency in the VFO mode, or recall the “Book” Memory channel or Weather channel
to be stored in the Main Memory.
Press and hold in the
key for 2 seconds. The display will indicate “MW” and a channel number will
blink on the LCD.
Within five seconds of pressing the
key, rotate the
DIAL selector knob to select the desired memory chan-
20
nel number for storage. In order to prevent writing
over memory channels, an “
” icon will appear at
the right of the channel number to indicate if the
memory channel is vacant.
Now press and hold in the
key for 2 seconds; you
will now see the blinking “A” character on the LCD.
To attach an alpha/numeric name (label) to the
memory, proceed to the next step; otherwise press and
hold in the
key for 2 seconds to save the entry and
exit.
To label a memory with an alpha/numeric name, the
next step is to use the DIAL selector knob to select
any of the 125 available characters (including letters,
numbers, and special symbols). Press the
key repeatedly to recall the desired letter, number, and symbol in the first charactor slot (a . 0 A a ...).
When the desired first character appears, press the
key momentarily to select it and move on to the next
character.
Select succeeding characters in the same manner, pressing the
key momentarily after each selection.
After entering the entire name (eight characters maximum), press the
key for 2 seconds to save all data
for the channel and exit.
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
MEMORY OPERATION
Recalling the Memories
Memory Offset Tuning
Press the
key, repeatedly if necessary, until “MR”
(Memory Recall) appears on the display. In the MR
mode, you will see the previously-selected channel
number appearing at the bottom of the “MR” icon on
the LCD.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob to select the desired
memory channel.
You may change the readout structure of the Memory
display between “Frequency Indication” and “Frequency Indication plus Alpha-numeric Label” by
pressing the
key followed by the
key.
To exit the Memory mode, press the
key four
times to return to the VFO mode.
Once you have recalled a particular memory channel, you
may easily tune off that channel, as though you were in the
“VFO” mode.
Note 1: In either the Memory mode or the “Book” Memory
mode, an easy way to recall memories is to key in the
memory channel number (except memory channel “Lch”
and “Uch”). For example, to recall memory channel #06,
press
.
Note 2: In either the Memory mode or the “Book” Memory
mode, you can change memory channels in 10-channel
steps: press the
key momentarily, then rotate the DIAL
selector knob. The “ ” icon will show at the left bottom
of the display when the 10-channel-step tuning mode is
active. Press the
key once more to resume normal
channel selection in one-channel steps.
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
With the VXA-710 in the Memory Recall mode, select the desired memory channel.
Now press and hold in the
key for 2 seconds. The
“MR” indicator will be replaced by one which says
“MT” (Memory Tuning).
Rotate the DIAL selector knob, as desired, to tune to a
new frequency. The synthesizer steps selected for VFO
operation on the current band will be the steps used
during Memory Tuning.
If you wish to return to the original memory frequency,
press and hold in the
key for 2 seconds. The “MT”
indicator will be replaced by “MR”.
If you wish to store a new frequency set during
Memory Tuning, just press and hold in the
key
for 2 seconds, per normal memory storage procedure.
Note: The Memory Offset Tuning feature will not engage
on any memories on which BRS channels are stored.
21
MEMORY OPERATION
Deleting Memories
With the VXA-710 in the Memory mode, rotate the
DIAL selector knob to select the memory channel you
wish to delete.
Press the
key, then press and hold the
key for
2 seconds. The previously-selected memory will be
deleted.
Note: Once deleted, channel data cannot be recovered!
Home Channel Memory
A special “HOME” channel is available, to allow quick
recall of a favorite operating frequency. Memory storage
is simple to accomplish:
Select the desired frequency in the VFO mode, or recall the “Book” Memory channel or Weather channel
to be stored in the “HOME” channel.
Press and hold in the
key for 2 seconds. The display will indicate “MW” and a channel number will
blink on the LCD.
Within five seconds of pressing the
key, press
and hold in the
key for 2 seconds. The frequency
and other data (if any) will now be stored in the special “HOME” channel register.
To recall the “HOME” channel, press the
key
followed by the
key.
22
You may also attach an alpha/numeric name (label) to the
“HOME” channel.
key
Recall the “HOME” channel, by pressing the
followed by the
key.
Now press and hold in the
key for 2 seconds; you
will now see the blinking “A” character on the LCD.
Use the DIAL selector knob to select any of the 125
available characters (including letters, numbers, and
special symbols). Press the
key repeatedly to recall the desired letter, number, and symbol in the first
charactor slot (a . 0 A a ...). When the
key modesired first character appears, press the
mentarily to select it and move on to the next character.
Select succeeding characters in the same manner,
pressing the
key momentarily after each selection.
After entering the entire name (eight characters maximum), press the
key for 2 seconds to save all data
for the channel and exit.
Press the
key followed by the
key to change
the readout structure of the Memory display between
“Frequency Indication” and “Frequency Indication
plus Alpha-numeric Label.”
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
SCANNING OPERATION
Basic Scan
The VXA-710 allows you to scan automatically in the
VFO*1, Main Memory, “Book” Memory, Weather Channel*2 or BRS Memory modes. It pauses on signals encountered, so you can talk to the station(s) on that frequency, if
you like.
*1: In the VFO mode, the automatic scanner is only available in the current operating band (AIR band or FM BC
band). Furthermore, on the AIR band, the automatic
scanner is only available in the COM band (118.000 136.975 MHz); when the scanner reaches the uppermost frequency in the COM band, it will revert to the
bottom end of the COM band and repeat the scanning
process until you cancel the scanning process.
*2: USA version only.
If you wish to scan in the NAV band (108.000 - 117.975
MHz), you can do so manually, as described below.
Scanning operation is basically the same in each of the
above modes.
Press the
key momentarily to start the automatic
scanner upward (toward a higher frequency or a higher
channel number).
When the scanner encounters a signal, scanning pauses
and the radio remains on that channel until one sec-
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
ond after the signal disappears, after which scanning
will resume.
While the scanner remains paused on a frequency, the
decimal point of the frequency display blinks. The display will be illuminated unless the Scan Lamp Feature is turned off.
To change the scan direction, turn the DIAL selector
knob one click in the opposite direction.
To stop the automatic scanner, press the PTT switch
or the
key momentarily.
The VXA-710’s automatic scanner is not operational in
the NAV band (108.000 - 117.975 MHz), because the NAV
stations (ILS, etc.) transmit constantly (thereby causing
the scanner to stop repeatedly). However, you can scan
manually in the NAV band, per the following procedure:
key to start the manual scan Press and hold the
ner. Scanning will continue as long as the key is depressed.
Release the
key to stop the manual scanner immediately.
Note: When scanning upward in frequency, when the frequency reaches the COM Band (118.000 - 136.975 MHz)
via manual scanning, the VXA-710 will switch to the automatic scanner mode.
23
SCANNING OPERATION
Channel-Skip Scanning
Continuous-carrier stations like ATIS (Automatic Terminal Information Service) or Weather Broadcast stations
inhibit scanner operation. Since these stations are always
active, the scanner will be halted repeatedly on their channels. Such channels can be set to be “Skipped” during
Memory scanning (MR, Book, WX, or BRS modes), if
you like, so as not to interfere with automatic channel scanning:
Recall the Memory Channel to be skipped during scanning.
Press and hold the
key for 2 seconds. The “”
icon will appear at the left
of the frequency display,
indicating that the channel is to be ignored during scanning.
Later, to re-enable the memory channel for scanning,
repeat the first two steps. The “” icon will disappear by the channel you have just re-enabled.
Note: A memory set to be “Skipped” is still accessible for
manual memory selection using the DIAL selector knob.
24
Programmable (Band Limit) Memory
Scan (PMS)
This feature allows you to set sub-band limits for either
scanning or manual VFO operation. For example, you
might with to set up a limit of COM band (118.000 MHz
to 136.975 MHz. Here’s how to do this:
Set the radio to the VFO mode by pressing the
key and set the radio to the AIR band by pressing the
key, if necessary.
Using the techniques learned earlier, store 118.000
MHz into Memory Channel “Lch” (the “Lch” designates the Lower sub-band limit).
Likewise, store 136.975 MHz into Memory Channel
“Uch” (the “Uch” designates the Upper sub-band
limit).
Switch to the Memory mode by pressing the
key
once, then rotate the DIAL to select Memory Channel
“Lch.”
Press and hold in the
key for 2 seconds to start
PMS operation; the “MR” label will be replaced by
“PMS” in the upper left-hand corner of the display.
Tuning and scanning (pressing the
key) will now
be limited within the just-programmed range.
Note: The PMS feature will not engage if a BRS channel
is stored in either the “Lch” or “Uch” memory slot.
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
DUAL WATCH OPERATION
The Dual Watch feature automatically checks for activity
on a “Priority” channel* while you are operating on another channel. During Dual Watch operation, the current
channel and the Priority channel will each be polled for a
500 ms interval, as the VXA-710 looks for activity on each
channel.
To start Dual Watch, press the
key followed by
the
key.
The “DW” icon will appear on the display.
While receiving on the
“current” channel (not the
Priority channel), you may push the PTT switch at
any time to transmit on that channel.
When a signal is received on the Priority channel,
operation immediately shifts to the Priority channel;
the “DW” icon will blink, and the display will become
illuminated.
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
While receiving on the priority channel, if you momentarily press the PTT switch, Dual Watch will be
disabled. You may then transmit on the Priority Channel.
To stop Dual Watch, press the
key followed by
the
key.
If you wish, you may use both the Dual Watch and
Scan features simultaneously. To do this, start the Dual
Watch first, then start the Scanner.
*
The “Priority” channel is defined as the last-used
Memory Channel (when using the VFO, “Book”
memory, and “BRS” modes) or Memory Channel “1”
(when using the Main Memory mode).
25
PRIORITY DUAL WATCH OPERATION
Similar to Dual Watch operation (described on previous
page), Priority Dual Watch is an enhanced version which
includes the following additional features:
The receiving time interval (ratio) between the current channel and the Priority channel may be customized via the Menu Item “PRI Time.” See page 51 for
details.
Irrespective of which channel is currently being received, when the PTT button is pushed transmission
will always occur on the Priority channel.
Before initiating Priority Dual Watch, Menu Item “DW/
PRI” must be set to the “PRI” mode (instead of “DW”).
See page 50 for details.
26
To start Priority Dual
Watch, press the
key
followed by the
key.
The “DW” icon will appear on the display.
While receiving on the “current” (non-Priority) channel, pressing the PTT button once causes the radio to
switch to the Priority channel and cancels Dual Watch.
Press the PTT button again to transmit on the Priority
channel.
When a signal is received on the Priority channel, reception immediately shifts to the Priority channel; the
“DW” icon will blink, and the display will become
illuminated unless the Scan Lamp Feature is turned
off.
While receiving on the Priority channel, if you momentarily press the PTT switch, Priority Dual Watch
will be disabled. You may then transmit on the Priority Channel.
To stop Priority Dual Watch, press the
key followed by the
key.
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
SPECTRUM SCOPE MONITOR
If you assign the Spectrum Scope Monitor feature to the
key (see page 40), you may view operating activity
on channels above and below the current operating channel while operating in the VFO, Memory Tune, and PMS
modes.
The display indicates the relative signal strength on channels immediately adjacent to the current operating frequency.
Set the radio to the VFO mode by pressing the
key, if necessary.
Press (or press and hold
in) the
key to activate
the Spectrum Scope
Monitor.
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
Once the Spectrum Scope Monitor is activated, press
the
key to change the visible bandwidth between
±15 channels and ±30 channels (default: ±30 channels). The visible bandwidth, however, depends on the
selected channel step size, so match the channel step
to those typically used in your area.
To turn the Spectrum Scope Monitor off and operate
on the centered (and displayed) channel, simply press
the PTT switch.
Note 1: Audio output will be interrupted during Spectrum
Analyzer operation. This is normal.
Note 2: The Spectrum Scope Monitor may not be activated on the BRS Memories.
27
VOR NAVIGATION (AIR BAND)
General VOR Equipment
0
COURSE Indicator
30
COURSE Deviation Needle
60
30
0
0
33
0
24
21
0
OBS
12
0
TWO-Degree Deviation Marks
FROM
180
“TO”-“FROM” Flag Indicator
0
15
NAV BAND (108.0000 - 117.9750 MHz)
COM BAND
(118.0000 - 136.9750 MHz)
VOR MODE
COURSE Indicator
“TO” - “FROM” Flag Indicator
28
CDI MODE
COURSE Indicator
COURSE Deviation Needle
OVERFLOW Indicator “TO” - “FROM” Flag Indicator
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
VOR NAVIGATION (AIR BAND)
To Select the VOR Mode
When entering the NAV band (108.000 - 117.975
MHz), the VXA-710 selects the VOR mode automatically. The “Course Indicator” will appear on the display, and the “TO” or “FROM” indicator will appear
at the right of the “Course Indicator” on the display.
Note: The “COURSE INDICATOR” indicates “---°” when
either your aircraft is too far away from the VOR station or if the frequency is not correctly set to that of
the VOR station. Conversely, the “Course Indicator”
will indicate “Loc” when a localizer signal is being
received.
The “TO” or “FROM” flag indicators indicate whether
the VOR navigation information is based on a course
leading to the VOR station or leading away from the
VOR station.
To change the flag from “TO” to “FROM” or vice versa,
press the
key followed by the
key or
key,
respectively.
The (small) frequency indication may be toggled to
display using larger characters (but “COURSE INDICATOR” and “TO”/“FROM” flag are reduced in size), if
you assign the “XFER” feature to the
key. See
page 40 for details.
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
COURSE Indicator
“TO” - “FROM” Flag Indicator
(Assigned the “XFER” feature)
29
VOR NAVIGATION (AIR BAND)
Flying to a VOR Station
The Aircraft is “ON COURSE”
The VXA-710 can indicate the deviation from the direct
course to a VOR station.
Select a VOR station on your aeronautical chart and
turn the DIAL selector knob (or enter the frequency
directly with the keypad) to the frequency of the VOR
station.
To indicate the deviation between your current flight
path and the desired course, press the
key folkey to change to the CDI (Course
lowed by the
Deviation Indicator) mode. The “COURSE DEVIATION
ARROW” will appear on the display when your aircraft
is off the direct course to the VOR station.
When your aircraft is off course to the right, the Course
Deviation Arrow display will show bars to the left side
of the diamond (“| | | ”). When your aircraft is off
course to the left, the Course Deviation Arrow display will show bars to the right side of the diamond
(“ | | |”). Correct your course until no bars appear
on either side of the CDI “diamond” (only (“”) will
be visible when the heading is correct).
To return to the DVOR mode, press the
key followed by the
key.
30
OFF COURSE to the “right” 6 degrees
OFF COURSE to the “left” 6 degrees
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
VOR NAVIGATION (AIR BAND)
The Aircraft is “ON COURSE”
VOR ( TAC)
Los Angeles
N
0°
LAX - 113.600MHz
310°
300°
320°
330° 340° 350°
10°
20°
30°
40°
290°
50°
280°
60°
270°
70°
260°
80°
250°
240°
2
30°
se
our
22
dC
° 0°
e
0
r
i
5
210°
s
in g
De
d
200°
a
He
190°
t
f
a
cr
r
i
A
The Aircraft is “OFF COURSE”
VOR ( TAC)
Los Angeles
VOR
Station
90°
100°
110°
180° 170 160 150°
°
°
140°
120°
130°
N
0°
LAX - 113.600MHz
310°
300°
320°
3
330° 40° 350°
10°
20°
30°
50°
280°
60°
270°
70°
260°
din
H ea
ra ft u rse)
c
r
i
o
A
se
o ff c
( 6° n c o ur
Flow
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
80°
250°
VOR
Station
240°
db
oul
t sh 0°
f
a
5
cr
A i r d in g
hea
230°
220°
e
Magnetic
North
40°
290°
°
g 56
Magnetic
North
210°
200°
90°
100°
110°
190°
180° 170° 160° 150°
140°
120°
130°
31
VOR NAVIGATION (AIR BAND)
Entering a Desired Course
The VXA-710 can also be configured to indicate the deviation from the desired course, not only the deviation from
the path to the VOR station.
Set the frequency to the desired VOR station.
Change the “TO” or “FROM” indication to “TO,” if it
is not in that mode already.
Press the
key followed by the
key to change
to the CDI mode.
Set the desired course to the VOR station using the
DIAL selector knob or keypad (three-digit input; e.g.
for 47°, press
).
Note 1: The (“||| ”) or (“ |||”) indication will appear on the display when your aircraft is off the desired course.
Note 2: When your heading is correct, the ABCS function (see below) may be more useful than the course
input option.
The Course Deviation Arrow points to the right when
your aircraft is off course to the left, and it points to
the left when your aircraft is off course to the right.
Note 1: To get back on course, fly right more than the
number of degrees indicated by the COURSE DEVIATION ARROW.
32
Note 2: If the overflow indicator “” appears on the
right side, select a heading plus 10 degrees to the desired course; if the overflow indicator “” appears
on the left side, select a heading minus 10 degrees.
Auto Bearing Center System (ABCS) Mode
In the CDI mode, the Auto Bearing Center System
(ABCS) adds or subtracts the number of degrees indicated by the CDI from the Omni Bearing Selector
(OBS).
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
VOR NAVIGATION (AIR BAND)
Position Cross-checking
Select two VOR stations on your aeronautical chart.
Set the frequency of one of the VOR stations in the
VOR mode. The course indicator will show the course
deviation from the VOR radial. Note the radial you
currently are on.
Now set the frequency of the other VOR station in the
VOR mode. Note the radial from the station you are
on.
Extend the radials from each VOR station on the chart.
Your aircraft is located at the point where the lines
intersect.
Cross-checking Position
0°
0°
310°
300°
320°
3
330° 40° 350°
10°
20°
310°
300°
30°
40°
290°
50°
280°
60°
270°
N
Magnetic
North
260°
80°
250°
230°
220°
210°
200°
100°
110°
190°
180° 170 160 150°
°
°
140°
120°
130°
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
30°
40°
50°
60°
N
Magnetic
North
70°
80°
VOR
Station
240°
VOR ( TAC)
Long Beach
SLI - 115.700MHz
20°
270°
70°
90°
10°
280°
250°
VOR
Station
3
330° 40° 350°
290°
260°
240°
320°
230°
220°
210°
200°
90°
100°
110°
190°
180° 170 160 150°
°
°
140°
120°
130°
VOR ( TAC)
Los Angeles
LAX - 113.600MHz
33
VOR NAVIGATION (AIR BAND)
Split Operation
The split operation feature allows you to transmit a call to
a Flight Service Station using the COM band frequencies,
while receiving a VOR station (in the NAV band). VOR
stations equipped with this capability typically are shown,
on navigation charts, with the voice calling frequency in
parenthesis above the navigation frequency.
Press the
key, repeatedly if necessary, to select
the VFO mode.
Set the desired VOR station’s frequencies in the NAV
band (108.000 - 117.975 MHz) using the DIAL selector knob or keypad.
Press the
key followed by the
key. The “ ”
icon will blink, and the transmit frequency will appear on the display.
Now set your radio’s transmit frequency, where the
Flight Service Station will be listening for calls, using
the DIAL selector knob or keypad.
34
Press and hold in the
key for 2 seconds to save
the transmit frequency and return to the NAV band
frequency.
Press and hold in the PTT switch to transmit on the
split transmit frequency.
Release the PTT switch to return to the receive mode.
To disable the “Split” function, set the receiving frequency to any frequency outside of the NAV band (the
“ ” icon will disappear).
Note: A split frequency can be programmed into each
memory channel independently. Set a transmit frequency
before programming the memory channel, if desired. The
split function on/off setting can also be programmed into
a memory channel.
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
BRS (BUSINESS RADIO SERVICE) CHANNEL OPERATION
Recalling the BRS Channels
Press the
key, repeatedly if necessary,
until “BRS” (Business
Radio Service) appears
on the display. In the
BRS mode, you will see
the previously-selected
channel number appearing at the bottom of the
“BRS” icon on the LCD.
Rotate the DIAL selector
knob to select the desired BRS channel.
You may engage a CTCSS/DCS “Decoder” temporarily during BRS operation. Refer to the next chapChannel
BRS 1
BRS 2
BRS 3
BRS 4
BRS 5
BRS 6
BRS 7
BRS 8
BRS 9
BRS 10
BRS 11
BRS BAND FREQUENCY CHART
Frequency
Channel
Frequency
151.6250 MHz BRS 12
151.7750 MHz
151.9550 MHz BRS 13
151.8650 MHz
154.5700 MHz BRS 14
151.8950 MHz
154.6000 MHz BRS 15
151.9250 MHz
151.7000 MHz BRS 16
152.7000 MHz
151.7600 MHz BRS 17
154.4900 MHz
151.5125 MHz BRS 18
154.5150 MHz
151.6550 MHz BRS 19
154.5400 MHz
151.6850 MHz BRS 20
154.6000 MHz
151.7150 MHz BRS 21
154.6550 MHz
151.7450 MHz BRS 22
158.4000 MHz
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
ters for information on how this may enhance operation.
To exit the BRS mode, press the
key momentarily to return to the VFO mode.
CTCSS Operation
The VXA-710 can be used to silently monitor for calls on
busy channels of the BRS band. The CTCSS decoder
monitors receiver audio through a narrow filter at the same
subaudible frequency, keeping the squelch closed until a
matching tone is received.
The CTCSS setup involves two actions: setting the Tone
Mode and then setting of the Tone Frequency. These actions are set up by using the
and
keys, or Menu
Items (SQL Type) and (TONE Set).
key for 3 seconds. This instantly
Press and hold the
recalls Menu Item (SQL Type).
Press the
key again to enable adjustment of this
Menu Item.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob so that “TSQ” to appears; this means that the CTCSS Decoder is active,
which mutes your VXA-710’s receiver until it receives
a call from another radio sending out a matching
CTCSS tone. This can help keep your radio quiet until a specific call is received, which may be helpful
35
BRS (BUSINESS RADIO SERVICE) CHANNEL OPERATION
36
while operating in congested areas.
Note: You may notice an additional “DCS” icon appearing while you rotate the DIAL selector knob in
this step. We’ll discuss the Digital Code Squelch system shortly.
When you have made your selection of the CTCSS
Tone Mode, press the
key momentarily, then rotate the DIAL selector knob one click clockwise to
select Menu Item (TONE Set). This Menu selection
allows setting of the CCTCSS Tone Frequency to be
used.
Press the
key to enable the adjustment of the
CTCSS Tone Frequency.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob until the display indicates the CTCSS Tone Frequency you need to be using.
When you have made your selection, press the
key to save the new setting, then press the PTT key
repetitively until the radio exits to normal operation.
The “
” icon will appear
at the bottom of the display
when the CTCSS Decoder is
activated.
Note: The VXA-710 will not “remember” the CTCSS Tone
Mode and Tone Frequency. If you would like to maintain
the CTCSS information permanently, we recommend you
store the channel information, including the CTCSS data,
into a Memory Channel. See page 20 for details regarding
Memory storage.
67.0
88.5
114.8
151.4
203.5
CTCSS TONE FREQUENCY (Hz)
69.3
71.9
74.4
77.0
79.7
82.5 85.4
91.5
94.8
97.4 100.0 103.5 107.2 110.9
118.8 123.0 127.3 131.8 136.5 141.3 146.2
156.7 162.2 167.9 173.8 179.9 186.2 192.8
210.7 218.1 225.7 233.6 241.8 250.3
–
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
BRS (BUSINESS RADIO SERVICE) CHANNEL OPERATION
DCS Operation
Another form of tone access control is Digital Code
Squelch, or DCS. It is a newer, more advanced tone system which generally provides more immunity from false
paging than does CTCSS Decoder. The DCS Decoder is
built into your VXA-710, and operation is very similar to
that just described for CTCSS Decoder.
Note: Just as in CTCSS Decoder, DCS Decoder requires
that you set the Tone Mode to DCS and that you select a
“Tone” Code.
Press and hold the
key for 2 seconds. This instantly
recalls Menu Item (SQL Type).
Press the
key again to enable adjustment of this
Menu Item.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob until “DCS” appears
on the display; this activates the DCS Decoder.
Press the
key momentarily, then rotate the DIAL
selector knob two clicks clockwise to select Menu Item
(DCS Set).
Press the
key again to enable adjustment of this
Menu Item.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob to select the DCS code
(a 3-digit number).
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
When you have made your selection, press the
key to save the new setting, then press the PTT key
repetitively until the radio exits to normal operation.
The “
” icon will appear at the bottom of the display
when the DCS Decoder is activated.
Note: The VXA-710 will not
“remember” the DCS on/off
status and DCS Code. If you
would like to maintain the
DCS information permanently, we recommend you store
the channel information, including the DCS data, into a
Memory Channel. See page 20 for details regarding
Memory storage.
023
054
125
165
245
271
351
432
466
612
723
025
065
131
172
246
274
356
435
503
624
731
026
071
132
174
250
306
364
445
506
627
732
031
072
134
205
251
311
365
446
516
631
734
DCS CODES
032 036
073 074
143 145
212 223
252 255
315 325
371 411
452 454
523 526
632 654
743 754
043
114
152
225
261
331
412
455
532
662
–
047
115
155
226
263
332
413
462
546
664
–
051
116
156
243
265
343
423
464
565
703
–
053
122
162
244
266
346
431
465
606
712
–
37
BRS (BUSINESS RADIO SERVICE) CHANNEL OPERATION
CTCSS/DCS Bell Operation
During CTCSS Decoder or DCS Decoder operation, you
may set the VXA-710 up such that a ringing “bell” sound
alerts you to the fact that a call is coming in. Here is the
procedure for activating the CTCSS/DCS Bell:
station calls you whose transceiver is sending a CTCSS
tone or DCS code which matches that set into your decoder, the “ ” icon will blink, the BUSY/TX indicator
will flash in sequential colors, and a ringer will sound to
get your attention.
Set the transceiver up for CTCSS Decoder or DCS
Decoder operation, as described previously.
Press the
key, then press the
key to activate
the Menu (“SET”) mode.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob to select Menu Item
“2. Sound,” then press the
key.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob to select Sub Menu
Item “2. Bell,” then press the
key.
Press the
key again to enable adjustment of this
Menu Item.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob to select “ON” (to enable the CTCSS/DCS Bell).
Press the
key to save the new setting, then press
the PTT key repetitively until the radio exits to normal operation.
When the CTCSS/DCS Bell
feature is enabled, the “ ”
icon appears at the bottom
center of the display. When a
38
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
MISCELLANEOUS SETTINGS
Automatic Power-Off (APO) Feature
The APO feature helps conserve battery life by automatically turning the radio off after a user-defined period of
time within which there has been no dial or key activity.
The available selections for the time before power-off are
0.5/1/8 hours, as well as APO Off.
The default condition for the APO is OFF, and here is the
procedure for activating it:
Press the
key, then press the
key to activate
the Menu (“SET”) mode.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob to select Menu Item
“6. Misc Setup,” then press the
key.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob to select Sub Menu
Item “1. APO,” then press the
key.
Press the
key again to enable adjustment of this
Menu Item.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob to select the desired
time period after which the radio will automatically
shut down.
When you have made your selection, press the
key to save the new setting, then press the PTT key
repetitively until the radio exits to normal operation.
When the APO is activated, the “ ” icon will appear at
the center bottom on the LCD. If there is no action by you
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
within the time interval programmed, the microprocessor
will shut down the radio automatically.
(PWR) switch for 3 seconds
Just press and hold in the
to turn the transceiver back on after an APO shutdown, as
usual.
Transmitter Time-Out Timer (TOT)
The TOT feature provides a safety switch which limits
transmission to a pre-programmed value. This will promote battery conservation by not allowing you to make
excessively-long transmissions, and in the event of a stuck
PTT switch (perhaps if the radio or a Speaker/Mic is
wedged between aircraft’s seats) it can prevent interference to other users as well as battery depletion. As configured at the factory the TOT feature is set to OFF, and here
is the procedure for activating it:
Press the
key, then press the
key to activate
the Menu (“SET”) mode.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob to select Menu Item
“4. Transmit,” then press the
key.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob to select Sub Menu
Item “1. T.O.T.” then press the
key.
Press the
key again to enable adjustment of this
39
MISCELLANEOUS SETTINGS
Menu Item.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob to set the Time-Out
Timer to the desired “Maximum TX” time (1 minute,
3 minutes or 5 minutes).
When you have made your selection, press the
key to save the new setting, then press the PTT key
repetitively until the radio exit to normal operation.
Note: Because battery life is significantly enhanced by
making only brief transmissions from your radio, try setting your VXA-710’s TOT function to time out at one
minute.
Programming the Key Assignments
The
key is a user-programmable key that may be set
up for a pair of functions you use particularly frequently.
The default
key functions, as set up at the factory,
have been assigned to the ANL feature (press key) and to
the “Large Font” feature (press and hold key) at the factory. These may be changed by the user, if you wish to
utilize another function or functions.
To program the function assigned to a key:
Press the
key, then press the
key to activate
the Menu (“SET”) mode.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob to select Menu Item
“5. Key Set,” then press the
key.
40
Rotate the DIAL selector knob to select Sub Menu
Item “3. USER 1” (for the “press key” function) or
“4. USER 2” (for the “press and hold key” function),
then press the
key.
Press the
key again to enable adjustment of this
Menu Item.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob to select the function
you wish to assign to the button you selected in the
previous step. The available choices are:
ANL:
Activates the Automatic Noise Limiter
in the AM mode.
XFER:
Exchanges the display locations between
the “frequency” and “Alpha-numeric
Tag” modes while operate on the
“Memory,” “Book Memory,” and “WX”
modes. This also may be used to exchange the display location between the
“frequency” and “Course Indicator and
TO/FROM flag” options while operating on the “NAV” band.
SPEC Start: Activates the Spectrum Scope Monitor
feature.
Large Font: Switches the frequency display between
the “Large Character” and “Small Character” modes.
None
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
MISCELLANEOUS SETTINGS
When you have made your selection, press the
key to save the new setting, then press the PTT key
repetitively until the radio exits to normal operation.
Display Dimmer
The LCD illumination may be adjusted using the Menu,
as well.
Display Customization
Press the
key, then press the
key to activate
the Menu (“SET”) mode.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob to select Menu Item
“1. Display,” then press the
key.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob to select Sub Menu
Item “5. Dimmer,” then press the
key.
Press the
key again to enable adjustment of this
Menu Item.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob to adjust the display
illumination for a comfortable brightness level. As you
make the adjustment, you will be able to see the effects of your changes.
When you have made your selection, press the
key to save the new setting, then press the PTT key
repetitively until the radio exits to normal operation.
Display Contrast
The LCD’s contrast may be adjusted using the Menu.
Press the
key, then press the
key to activate
the Menu (“SET”) mode.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob to select Menu Item
key.
“1. Display,” then press the
Rotate the DIAL selector knob to select Sub Menu
Item “4. Contrast,” then press the
key.
key again to enable adjustment of this
Press the
Menu Item.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob to adjust the contrast.
As you make the adjustment, you will be able to see
the effects of your changes.
When you have made your selection, press the
key to save the new setting, then press the PTT key
repetitively until the radio exits to normal operation.
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
41
MISCELLANEOUS SETTINGS
TX/BUSY Indicator Customization
Default TX/BUSY illumination colors have been assigned
at the factory. These may be changed by the user, if you
wish to utilize another custom-designed color hue. The
Red, Green, and Blue elements of each color’s composition may be adjusted individually!
Press the
key, then press the
key to activate
the Menu (“SET”) mode.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob to select Menu Item
“1. Display,” then press the
key.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob to select Sub Menu
Item “8. RX LED” when you wish to change the BUSY
indicator’s color, or Sub Menu Item “9. TX LED” when
you wish to change the TX indicator’s color, then press
the
key.
Press the
key again to enable adjustment of the
selected Menu item.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob to adjust the “R” (red)
element of the color; you will be able to see the effects
of your changes. The degree of color hue is designated
in a numerical scale of “000” through “255,” and
you may adjust the display’s red component until it is
just the way you want it. As you make the adjustment,
you will be able to see the effects of your changes.
42
Press the
key again, then rotate the DIAL selector knob to adjust the “G” (green) element of the color.
Repeat the process described above to adjust the “B”
(blue) element of the color.
Press the
key to save the new setting, then press
the PTT key repetitively until the radio exits to normal operation.
Note: You may also change the indicator’s color of the
Emergency lamp, Weather Alert lamp, and Over-Heating
lamp by the Menu Items. See page 49 for details.
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
MISCELLANEOUS SETTINGS
Changing the Channel Steps
The VXA-710 allows you to choose channel steps in the
FM broadcast band: 5/10/12.5/15/20/25/50/100 kHz per
step. The VXA-710 is set up at the factory to 100 kHz
which probably is satisfactory for most operation. However, if you need to change the channel step increments,
the procedure to do so is very easy.
Press and hold in the
key for 2 seconds. This instantly recalls Menu Item (Step).
Press the
key again to enable adjustment of this
Menu Item.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob select the new channel
step size.
When you have made your selection, press the
key to save the new setting, then press the PTT key
repetitively until the radio exit to normal operation.
Note: The VXA-710 does not allow you to change the
channel steps in the Air band. On the Air band, the steps
are fixed at 25 kHz/step.
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
43
FIELD PROGRAMMING MODE
The VXA-710’s “Book” Memories also allow the user to
store, label, and recall channel frequencies which you may
want to use frequently by placing the VXA-710 into the
“Field Programming mode.”
Memory Storage
Press and hold in both the PTT switch and
key,
while turning the radio on, to activate the Field Programming Mode. “FD” will appear at the upper left
corner on the display.
Select the desired frequency to be stored in the Book
Memory.
key for 2 seconds. The dis Press and hold in the
play will indicate a “Book” memory channel number
will blink on the LCD.
Within five seconds of releasing the
key, rotate
the DIAL selector knob to select the desired memory
channel number for storage. In order to prevent writing over memory channels, a “
” icon will appear
at the right of the channel number to indicate if the
memory channel is vacant.
Now press and hold in the
key for 3 seconds; you
will now see the blinking “A” character on the LCD.
To attach an alpha/numeric name (label) to the
memory, proceed to the next step; otherwise press and
key for 2 seconds to save the entry and
hold in the
44
exit.
To label a memory with an alpha/numeric name, the
next step is to use the DIAL selector knob to select
any of the 125 available characters (including letters,
numbers, and special symbols). Press the
key repeatedly to recall the desired letter, number, and symbol in the first charactor slot (a . 0 A a ...).
When the desired first character appears, press the
key momentarily to select it and move on to the next
character.
Select succeeding characters in the same manner,
pressing the
key momentarily after each selection.
After entering the entire name (eight characters maximum), press the
key for 2 seconds to save all data
for the channel.
Turn the radio off, then turn the radio back on again to
begin normal operation.
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
FIELD PROGRAMMING MODE
Deleting Memories
Press and hold in both the PTT switch and
key,
while turning the radio on, to activate the Field Programming Mode. “FD” will appear at the upper left
corner on the display.
Press and hold in the
key for 2 seconds. The display will indicate a “Book” memory channel number
will blink on the LCD.
Within five seconds of releasing the
key, rotate the
DIAL selector knob to select the memory channel number you wish to delete.
Press the
key momentarily. The previously-selected memory will be deleted.
Turn the radio off, then turn the radio back on again to
begin normal operation.
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
CPU RESETTING
In some instances of erratic or unpredictable operation,
the cause may be corruption of data in the microprocessor (due to static electricity, etc.). If this happens, resetting of the microprocessor may restore normal operation.
Note that all memories will be erased if you do a complete microprocessor reset, as described below.
To clear all memories and other settings to factory defaults:
1. Turn the radio off.
2. Press and hold in the
key, and the MONITOR
button, while turning the radio on.
45
TIMER MODE
MENU (“SET”) MODE
The VXA-710 provides both “STOP WATCH” and
“COUNT DOWN” timers. These may be used for a variety of time-keeping purposes.
The Menu system allows certain aspects of your radio’s
configuration to be customized for your personal operating convenience. We do not recommend that any of the
default settings be changed, however, until you are thoroughly familiar with the operation of the VXA-710.
1. Press and hold in the
key while tuning the radio
on, to activate the Timer
Mode.
2. Press the MONITOR key to toggle the Timer between
“STOP WATCH” timer and “COUNT DOWN” timer.
If you select the “COUNT DOWN” timer, rotate the
DIAL knob to set the values for the timers (1 minutes
–59 minutes).
3. Press the PTT switch to start/stop the timer.
4. Turning the radio off, then on again, will return the
VXA-710 to normal operation.
46
Here is the procedure for initiating Menu configuration
changes:
Press the
key, then press the
key, to activate
the Menu (“SET”) mode.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob to select the “Main”
Menu, then press the
key.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob to select the “Sub”
Menu item you wish to view and/or modify, then press
the
key.
Once you have selected the desired Menu Item, press
the
key once to view the current setting for the
item.
Rotate the DIAL selector knob to change the setting
of the item (ON to OFF, etc.).
Press the
key again to save your new setting.
Press the PTT key repetitively until the radio exits to
normal operation.
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
MENU (“SET”) MODE
MENU Listing
A listing of the Menu items available via the SET mode may be found below.
Set Mode Item
1. Display
2. Sound
3. Receive
4. Transmit
5. Key Set
6. Misc. Setup
7. Option
1. Scan Lamp
2. Backlight
3. Large Font
4. Contrast
5. Dimmer
6. Meter Symbol
7. Display Mode
8. RX LED
9. TX LED
10. EMG LED
11. Alert LED
12. TEMP LED
1. Beeper
2. Bell
3. PowerOn Beep
1. SQL
2. FM Radio SQL
3.Resume
4. DW/PRI
5. RX Save
6. Step
7. PRI Time
8. SPECT Width
9. SQL Type
10. TONE Set
11. DCS Set
1. T.O.T
1. Lock Mode
2. [121.5]
3. USER 1
4. USER 2
1. APO
2. Emergency
3. WX Alert
4. TEMP Unit
5. TEMP Check
6. TEMP Set
7. Bandwidth
1. Internal MIC
2. TEMP Offset
3. Clock Shift
Function
Enables/Disables the Scan lamp while paused during scanning.
Selects the Display illumination Mode.
Selects the frequency display between the “Large Character” and “Small Character” modes.
Setting of the display contrast.
Setting of the display brightness level.
Selects the S- & TX PO meter symbol.
Selects the display of the sensor units’ information.
Edits the BUSY indicator color.
Edits the TX indicator color.
Edits the Emergency lamp color.
Edits the Weather Alert lamp color.
Edits the Over Heating lamp color.
Select the Keypad beeper tone.
Enables/disables the Bell Ringer function.
Selects the Power-on beep.
Sets the Squelch threshold level for the AM and FM modes.
Sets the Squelch threshold level for the FM BC Band.
Selects the Scan Resume mode.
Selects the Dual Watch/Priority Function.
Selects the Receive-mode Battery Saver “sleep” ratio.
Setting of the synthesizer steps.
Selects the Priority Checking Time.
Selects the visible bandwidth of the Spectrum Analyzer.
Selects the Tone Decoder mode.
Setting of the CTCSS Tone Frequency.
Setting of the DCS Code.
Setting of the Time-Out Timer Countdown Time.
Selects the Control Locking lockout combination.
Selects the primary [121.5(HOME)] key function
Programming the [USER] key assignment (momentary-press mode).
Programming the [USER] key (press and holding) assignment.
Selects the Auto Power Off time (time before power goes off).
Selects the Emergency feature.
Selects the Alert functions when receiving the Weather Alert Signal on the WX Channel.
Selects the measurement units for the Temperature sensor.
Enables/Disables the Over-Heating Alarm.
Program the threshold temperature for the “High-Temperature” indicator.
Selects the receiving bandwidth on the BRS Band.
Internal Microphone On/Off.
Correcting the Thermometer setting.
CPU Clock Shift.
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
Available Values (Default: Bold Itaric)
On / Off
Key / Off / On
Off / On
00 - 15 (06)
LV 1 – LV 4 (LV 3)
Four patterns
Off / Temp / Volt
R: 000 - 255, G: 000 - 255, B: 000 - 255 (R: 000, G: 065, B: 000)
R: 000 - 255, G: 000 - 255, B: 000 - 255 (R: 111, G: 000, B: 000)
R: 000 - 255, G: 000 - 255, B: 000 - 255 (R: 127, G: 127, B: 127)
R: 000 - 255, G: 000 - 255, B: 000 - 255 (R: 000, G: 127, B: 000)
R: 000 - 255, G: 000 - 255, B: 000 - 255 (R: 127, G: 000, B: 127)
On / DTMF / Off
On / Off
Off / 1 / 2 / 3
0 - 8 (6)
0 - 8 (3)
5secs / Busy
DW / PRI
ABS/1:1/1:2/1:3/1:4/1:5/Off
5k / 10k / 12.5k / 15k /20k / 25k / 50k / 100k
500ms / 1s / 1.5s / 2s / 2.5s / 3s
±30ch / ±15ch
Off / TSQ / DCS
39 standard CTCSS tones (67.0 Hz)
106 standard DCS codes (023)
Off / 1min / 3min / 5min
DIAL / KEY / KEY+DIAL /PTT / DIAL+PTT /KEY+PTT / ALL
121.5 / HOME
ANL / XFER / SPEC Start / Large Font / None
ANL / XFER / SPEC Start / Large Font / None
Off / 0.5h / 1h / 8h
121.5 / LED+121.5 / LED
Alrt Off / Beep / LED /Beep+LED
°F / °C
Off / On
[32.0 °F (0 °C)] – [230.0 °F (110 °C)] ([122.0 °F (50 °C)])
Wide/Narrow
Off / On
[–22.8 °F (–12.7 °C)] – [+22.8 °F (+12.7 °C)] ([0 °F (50 °C)])
Off / On
47
MENU (“SET”) MODE
1. DISPLAY
5. Dimmer
1. Scan Lamp
Function: Setting of the display brightness level.
Available Values: LV 1 - LV 4
Default Setting: LV 3
Function: Enables/Disables the Scan lamp while paused
during scanning.
Available Values: On/Off
Default Setting: On
2. Backlight
Function: Selects the Display illumination Mode.
Available Values: Key/Off/On
Default Setting: Key
Key: Illuminates the Display Lamp for 5 seconds when
any front panel key is pressed.
Off: Disables the Display lamp.
On: Illuminates the Display lamp continuously.
3. Large Font
Function: Selects the frequency display between the
“Large Character” and “Small Character” modes.
Available Values: Off/On
Default Setting: On
4. Contrast
6. Meter Symbol
Function: Selects the S- & TX PO meter symbol.
Available Values: Four patterns
,
,
,
Default Setting:
7. Display Mode
Function: Selects the display of the sensor units’ information.
Available Values: Off/Temp/Volt
Default Setting: Off
Off: Disables the sensor information.
Temp: Indicates the current temperature inside the
transceiver’s case.
Volt: Indicates the battery voltage and battery type.
Function: Setting of the display contrast.
Available Values: 00 - 15
Default Setting: 06
48
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
MENU (“SET”) MODE
8. RX LED
12. TEMP LED
Function: Edits the BUSY indicator color.
Available Values: Individual adjustments of the Red,
Green, and Blue color hue may be performed, on a numerical scale of “000” to “255.” See page 42 for details.
Default Setting: Green (R000, G065, B000)
Function: Edits the Over Heating lamp color. This is a
display seen when the temperature exceeds the threshold
set via the “TEMP Set” setting (see page 53).
Available Values: Individual adjustments of the Red,
Green, and Blue color hue may be performed, on a numerical scale of “000” to “255.” See page 42 for details.
Default Setting: Light Blue (R127, G000, B127)
9. TX LED
Function: Edits the TX indicator color.
Available Values: Individual adjustments of the Red,
Green, and Blue color hue may be performed, on a numerical scale of “000” to “255.” See page 42 for details.
Default Setting: Red (R111, G000, B000)
10. EMG LED
Function: Edits the Emergency lamp color.
Available Values: Individual adjustments of the Red,
Green, and Blue color hue may be performed, on a numerical scale of “000” to “255.” See page 42 for details.
Default Setting: White (R127, G127, B127)
11. Alert LED
Function: Edits the Weather Alert lamp color.
Available Values: Individual adjustments of the Red,
Green, and Blue color hue may be performed, on a numerical scale of “000” to “255.” See page 42 for details.
Default Setting: Green (R000, G127, B000)
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
2. SOUND
1. Beeper
Function: Select the Keypad beeper tone.
Available Values: On/DTMF/Off
Default Setting: On
On:
Enables the keypad beeper.
DTMF: Enables the keypad beeper with DTMF tones.
Off:
Disables the keypad beeper.
2. Bell
Function: Enables/disables the Bell Ringer function.
Available Values: On/Off
Default Setting: Off
49
MENU (“SET”) MODE
3. Power On Beep
4. DW/PRI
Function: Selects the Power-on beep.
Available Values: Off/Mode 1/Mode 2/Mode 3
Default Setting: Mode 1
Function: Selects the Dual Watch/Priority Function.
Available Values: DW/PRI
Default Setting: DW
3. RECEIVE
Function: Sets the Squelch threshold level for the FM BC
Band.
Available Values: 0 - 8
Default Setting: 3
Function: Selects the Receive-mode Battery Saver “sleep”
ratio.
Available Values: ABS/1:1/1:2/1:3/1:4/1:5/Off
Default Setting: ABS
The setting of “1:5” will promote the greatest conservation of battery capacity, but the receiver’s response time
to incoming calls will be slowed somewhat.
ABS: Automatic Battery Saver, based on activity on the
receiver.
Note: This feature cannot be activated during Scan or Dual
Watch/Priority operation.
3. Resume
6. Step
Function: Selects the Scan Resume mode.
Available Values: 5secs/Busy
Default Setting: 5secs
5secs: The scanner will hold for 5 seconds, then resume
whether or not the other station is still transmitting.
Busy: The scanner will hold until the signal disappears,
then will resume when the carrier drops.
Function: Setting of the synthesizer steps.
Available Values: 5k/10k/12.5k/15k/20k/25k/50k/100k
Default Setting: Depends on the operating band.
1. SQL
Function: Sets the Squelch threshold level for the AM
and FM Narrow modes.
Available Values: 0 - 8
Default Setting: 6
2. FM Radio SQL
50
5. RX Save
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
MENU (“SET”) MODE
7. PRI Time
11. DCS Set
Function: Selects the Priority Checking Time.
Available Values: 500ms/1s/1.5s/2s/2.5s/3s
Default Setting: 2s
This Menu Item allows you to define how often the Priority Channel will be checked for activity.
Note: The Dual Watch Polling time is 500ms (fixed).
Function: Setting of the DCS Code.
Available Values: 106 standard DCS codes.
Default Setting: 023
8. SPECT Width
Function: Selects the visible bandwidth of the Spectrum
Analyzer.
Available Values: ±30ch/±15ch
Default Setting: ±30ch
9. SQL Type
Function: Selects the Tone Decoder mode.
Available Values: Off/TSQ/DCS
Default Setting: Off
TSQ: CTCSS Decoder
DCS: Digital Coded Squelch Decoder
Note: This Menu Item may only be used on BRS Memory
channels (it will not engage on other bands or channels).
10. TONE Set
Function: Setting of the CTCSS Tone Frequency.
Available Values: 39 standard CTCSS tones.
Default Setting: 67.0Hz
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
67.0
88.5
114.8
151.4
203.5
023
054
125
165
245
271
351
432
466
612
723
CTCSS TONE FREQUENCY (Hz)
69.3
71.9
74.4
77.0
79.7
82.5 85.4
91.5
94.8
97.4 100.0 103.5 107.2 110.9
118.8 123.0 127.3 131.8 136.5 141.3 146.2
156.7 162.2 167.9 173.8 179.9 186.2 192.8
210.7 218.1 225.7 233.6 241.8 250.3
–
025
065
131
172
246
274
356
435
503
624
731
026
071
132
174
250
306
364
445
506
627
732
031
072
134
205
251
311
365
446
516
631
734
DCS CODE
032 036
073 074
143 145
212 223
252 255
315 325
371 411
452 454
523 526
632 654
743 754
043
114
152
225
261
331
412
455
532
662
–
047
115
155
226
263
332
413
462
546
664
–
051
116
156
243
265
343
423
464
565
703
–
053
122
162
244
266
346
431
465
606
712
–
51
MENU (“SET”) MODE
4. TRANSMIT
3. USER 1
1. T.O.T
Function: Programming the
key assignment (momentary-press mode).
Available Values: ANL/XFER/SPEC Start/Large Font/
None
Default Setting: ANL
See page 40 for details.
Function: Setting of the Time-Out Timer Countdown Time.
Available Values: Off/1min/3min/5min
Default Setting: Off
The Time-Out Timer shuts off the transceiver after continuous transmission exceeds the programmed time.
4. USER 2
5. KEY SET
1. Lock Mode
Function: Selects the Control Locking lockout combination.
Available Values: DIAL/KEY/KEY+DIAL/PTT/
DIAL+PTT/KEY+PTT/ALL
Default Setting: KEY
2. [121.5]
Function: Selects the
key function.
Available Values: 121.5/HOME
Default Setting: 121.5
121.5: Pressing this key instantly recall a 121.5 MHz
“Emergency” channel.
HOME: Pressing this key instantly recalls a favorite
“Home” channel.
52
Function: Programming the
key (press and holding)
assignment.
Available Values: ANL/XFER/SPEC Start/Large Font/
None
Default Setting: Large Font
See page 40 for details.
6. MISC SETUP
1. APO
Function: Selects the Auto Power Off time (time before
power goes off).
Available Values: Off/0.5h/1h/8h
Default Setting: Off
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
MENU (“SET”) MODE
2. Emergency
4. TEMP Unit
Function: Selects the Emergency feature.
Available Values: 121.5/LED+121.5/LED
Default Setting: LED+121.5
121.5:
Pressing the
key momentarily accesses
the 121.5 MHz Emergency Frequency.
LED+121.5: Pressing the
key momentarily accesses
the 121.5 MHz Emergency Frequency and
flashes the BUSY/TX lamp.
LED:
Pressing the
key momentarily flashes
the BUSY/TX lamp.
Function: Selects the measurement units for the Temperature sensor.
Available Values: °F/°C
Default Setting: °F
3. WX Alert
Function: Selects the Alert functions when receiving the
Weather Alert Signal on the WX Channel.
Available Values: Alrt Off/Beep/LED/Beep+LED
Default Setting: Alrt Off
Alrt Off:
Disables the Alert function
Beep:
Sounds a loud beep when receiving the
Weather Alert Signal.
LED:
Illuminate the BUSY/TX lamp when receiving the Weather Alert Signal
Beep+LED: Sounds a loud beep and illuminates the
BUSY/TX lamp when receiving the Weather
Alert Signal.
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
5. TEMP Check
Function: Enables/Disables the Over-Heating Alarm
Available Values: Off/On
Default Setting: Off
6. TEMP Set
Function: When the “TEMP Check” Menu item is set to
“On,” and the temperature passes through the threshold
set in this step, the BUSY/TX indicator will change colors, to alert you to the high temperature condition. The
color of the “High Temperature” indication is set via the
“TEMP LED” Menu setting (page 49).
Available Values: [32.0 °F (0 °C)] - [230.0 °F (110 °C)]
Default Setting: [122.0 °F (50 °C)]
NOTE: When the temperature reaches approximately 220
°F (105 °C), the radio will disable transmission, to allow
the radio to cool off.
53
MENU (“SET”) MODE
7. Bandwidth
2. TEMP Offset
Function: Selects the receiving bandwidth of the BRS
Memory Channel.
Available Values: Wide (±25 kHz)/Narrow (±12.5 kHz)
Default Setting: Wide (±25 kHz)
Function: Correcting the Thermometer setting
Available Values: [–22.8 °F (–12.7 °C)] - [+22.8 °F (+12.7
°C)]
Default Setting: 0.0 °F (0.0 °C)
This allows you to calibrate the internal thermometer with
a known-to be-accurate source.
7. OPTION
1. Internal MIC
Function: Internal Microphone On/Off
Available Values: Off/On
Default Setting: Off
This controls the status of the radio’s internal microphone
when an external microphone (such as the MH-44A4B
Speaker Microphone or an aviation headset connected via
the CT-96 Headset Cable) is in use. In most applications,
set this Menu Item to “Off” for proper operation (this disables the internal microphone). The internal microphone
will still function normally when the external microphone
is disconnected.
54
3. Clock Shift
Function: CPU Clock Shift
Available Values: Off/On
Default Setting: Off
This function is only used to move a spurious response
“birdie” should it fall on a desired frequency. Consult your
Vertex Standard dealer for details regarding this function.
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
NOTE
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
55
SPECIFICATIONS
General
118.000 - 136.975 MHz (COM Band)
88.000 - 108.000MHz (FM BC Band),
108.000 - 117.975 MHz (NAV Band),
118.000 - 136.975 MHz (COM Band),
151.5125 - 158.400MHz (BRS Memory Channels),
Weather Channel (WX-01 - WX-10)
Channel Spacing:
25 kHz (AIR Band),
5/10/12.5/15/20/25/50/100 kHz (FM BC Band)
Emission Type:
TX: AM,
RX: AM & FM
Supply Voltage:
4.5 - 15.0 VDC
Current Consumption (approx.): 250 µA (Power off), 35 mA (Battery saver on, save ratio 1:5),
60 mA (Squelch on), 180 mA (Receive),
800 mA (Transmit AM: 1.5W Carrier @ 7.4V),
400 mA (Transmit AM: 0.3W Carrier @ 4.5V)
Temperature Range:
–22 °F to +140 °F (–30 °C to +60 °C)
Case Size (WxHxD):
2.36” x 3.78” x 1.12” (60 x 96 x 28.5 mm) w/FNB-80LI
Weight (approx.):
9.9 oz. (280 grams) with FNB-80LI, antenna
Frequency Range:
TX
RX
Specification are subject to change without notice.
56
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
SPECIFICATIONS
Receiver
Circuit Type:
IFs:
Sensitivity:
Selectivity:
Adjacent Ch. Selectivity:
AF Output:
Double-conversion Superheterodyne
35.4 MHz & 450 kHz ( AM / NFM ),
45.65 MHz & 10.7MHz ( WFM )
88-108 MHz: better than 2 µV (for 12 dB SINAD with 1 kHz tone @ 22.5 kHz deviation)
108 MHz-137 MHz: better than 1 µV (for 6 dB S/N with 1 kHz tone @ 30 % modulation)
BRS-01 - BRS-21: better than 0.32 µV (for 12 dB S/N with 1 kHz tone @ 3.5 kHz deviation)
WX-01 - WX-10: better than 0.4 µV (for 12 dB S/N with 1 kHz tone @ 3.5 kHz deviation)
AM/FM: more than 8 kHz/–6 dB,
WFM: more than 200 kHz/–6 dB
AM/FM: less than 25 kHz/–60 dB,
WFM: less than 300 kHz/–20 dB
0.2 W @ 8 Ohms, 10 % THD @ 7.4V
0.4 W @ 8 Ohms, 10 % THD @ 13.8V
Transmitter
Power Output:
Frequency Stability:
Modulation System:
Spurious Emission:
Int. Microphone Type:
Ext. Mic. Impedance:
118 MHz-137 MHz: AM: 5.0 W (PEP), 1.5 W (Carrier Power) @ 7.4 V
Better than ±2.5 ppm (–22 °F to 140 °F/–30 °C to +60 °C)
AM: Low Level Modulation
Better than 60 dB below carrier
Condenser
150 Ohms
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
57
ACCESSORIES & OPTIONS
Supplied Accessories
Available Options
LI-ion Battery Pack (7.2V, 1300 mAh) FNB-80LI ....... 1
Battery Charger NC-72 ................................................. 1
Helical Antenna ATV-14 ............................................... 1
Headset Cable CT-96 .................................................... 1
Operating Manual .......................................................... 1
Warranty Card ................................................................ 1
MH-44B4B
FBA-23
CD-15A
E-DC-5B
E-DC-6
CN-3
Speaker Microphone
Alkaline Battery Case
Desktop Rapid Charger
DC Cable w/Noise Filter
DC Cable; plug and wire only
Antenna Adapter (SMA to BNC)
Availability of accessories may vary.
Some accessories are supplied as standard per local
requirements, while others may be unavailable in some
regions.
Consult your Vertex Standard Dealer for details regarding these and any newly-available options.
Connection of any non-Vertex Standard-approved accessory, should it cause damage, may void the Limited Warranty on this apparatus.
This product is designed to perform optimally when
used with genuine Vertex Standard accessories. Vertex Standard shall not be liable for any damage to
this product and/or accidents such as fire, leakage or
explosion of a battery pack, etc., caused by the malfunction of non-Vertex Standard accessories.
58
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
ACCESSORIES & OPTIONS
External Antenna
PTT Switch (not supplied)
An external PTT switch is
required for use with an aviation headset.
CN-3
Antenna Adapter
(Option)
Headset
(not supplied)
CT-96
Headset Cable
E-DC-5B
External Power Cable (Option)
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
59
NOTE
60
VXA-710 SPIRIT OPERATING MANUAL
Part 15.21: Changes or modifications to this device not expressly approved by
Vertex Standard could void the user’s authorization to operate this device.
VERTEX STANDARD CO., LTD.
4-8-8 Nakameguro, Meguro-Ku, Tokyo 153-8644, Japan
VERTEX STANDARD
US Headquarters
10900 Walker Street, Cypress, CA 90630, U.S.A.
YAESU EUROPE B.V.
P.O. Box 75525, 1118 ZN Schiphol, The Netherlands
YAESU UK LTD.
Unit 12, Sun Valley Business Park, Winnall Close
Winchester, Hampshire, SO23 0LB, U.K.
Copyright 2005
VERTEX STANDARD CO., LTD.
All rights reserved.
No portion of this manual may be
reproduced without the permission of
VERTEX STANDARD CO., LTD.
Printed in Japan
VERTEX STANDARD HK LTD.
Unit 5, 20/F., Seaview Centre, 139-141 Hoi Bun Road,
Kwun Tong, Kowloon, Hong Kong
0502A-AK
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