GE Panametrics DigitalFlow DF868 Ultrasonic Flow Meter Startup Guide

GE Panametrics DigitalFlow DF868 Ultrasonic Flow Meter Startup Guide
GE
Measurement & Control Solutions
Flow
DigitalFlow™ DF868
Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter
Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
910-176U Rev. E
March 2011
GE
Measurement & Control Solutions
DigitalFlow™ DF868
Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter
Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
910-176U Rev. E
March 2011
www.ge-mcs.com
©2011 General Electric Company. All rights reserved.
Technical content subject to change without notice.
[no content intended for this page]
ii
Preface
Information Paragraphs
•
Note paragraphs provide information that provides a deeper understanding of the situation, but is not essential to
•
Important paragraphs provide information that emphasizes instructions that are essential to proper setup of the
•
Caution! paragraphs provide information that alerts the operator to a hazardous situation that can cause damage to
•
the proper completion of the instructions.
equipment. Failure to follow these instructions carefully may cause unreliable performance.
property or equipment.
Warning! paragraphs provide information that alerts the operator to a hazardous situation that can cause injury to
personnel. Cautionary information is also included, when applicable.
Safety Issues
WARNING! It is the responsibility of the user to make sure all local, county, state and national codes,
regulations, rules and laws related to safety and safe operating conditions are met for each
installation.
Auxiliary Equipment
Local Safety Standards
The user must make sure that he operates all auxiliary equipment in accordance with local codes, standards,
regulations, or laws applicable to safety.
Working Area
WARNING! Auxiliary equipment may have both manual and automatic modes of operation. As equipment
can move suddenly and without warning, do not enter the work cell of this equipment during
automatic operation, and do not enter the work envelope of this equipment during manual
operation. If you do, serious injury can result.
WARNING! Make sure that power to the auxiliary equipment is turned OFF and locked out before you
perform maintenance procedures on the equipment.
Qualification of Personnel
Make sure that all personnel have manufacturer-approved training applicable to the auxiliary equipment.
Personal Safety Equipment
Make sure that operators and maintenance personnel have all safety equipment applicable to the auxiliary equipment.
Examples include safety glasses, protective headgear, safety shoes, etc.
Unauthorized Operation
Make sure that unauthorized personnel cannot gain access to the operation of the equipment.
DigitalFlow™ DF868 Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
iii
Preface
Environmental Compliance
Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Directive
GE Measurement & Control Solutions is an active participant in Europe’s Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment
(WEEE) take-back initiative, directive 2002/96/EC.
The equipment that you bought has required the extraction and use of natural resources for its production. It may
contain hazardous substances that could impact health and the environment.
In order to avoid the dissemination of those substances in our environment and to diminish the pressure on the natural
resources, we encourage you to use the appropriate take-back systems. Those systems will reuse or recycle most of the
materials of your end life equipment in a sound way.
The crossed-out wheeled bin symbol invites you to use those systems.
If you need more information on the collection, reuse and recycling systems, please contact your local or regional
waste administration.
Visit http://www.ge-mcs.com/en/about-us/environmental-health-and-safety/1741-weee-req.html for
take-back instructions and more information about this initiative.
iv
DigitalFlow™ DF868 Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Contents
Chapter 1. Installation
1.1
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
1.2
Unpacking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
1.3
Site Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
1.3.1
Electronics Console Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
1.3.2
Flowcell Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
1.3.3
Transducer Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
1.3.4
Cable Lengths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
1.3.5
Temperature Transmitters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
1.3.6
Transducer Cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.4
Installing a Flowcell. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.5
Installing Temperature Transmitters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
1.6
Mounting the DF868 Electronic Console . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
1.7
Making Electrical Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
1.7.1
Wiring the Line Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
1.7.2
Wiring the Transducers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
1.7.3
Wiring the 0/4-20 mA Analog Outputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
1.7.4
Wiring the Serial Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
1.7.5
Wiring an Alarms Option Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
1.7.6
Wiring a 0/4-20 mA Analog Inputs Option Card. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
1.7.7
Wiring a Totalizer/Frequency Outputs Option Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
1.7.8
Wiring an RTD Inputs Option Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
1.7.9
Wiring a 0/4-20 mA Analog Outputs Option Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
1.7.10 Wiring a MODBUS Option Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
DigitalFlow™ DF868 Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
v
Contents
Chapter 2. Initial Setup
2.1
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
2.2
Navigating Through the User Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
2.3
Accessing the User Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.3.1
1-Channel Meter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
2.3.2
2-Channel Meter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Activating a Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
2.4.1
1-Channel Meter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
2.4.2
2-Channel Meter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Entering System Data for a Channel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
2.5.1
1-Channel Meter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
2.5.2
2-Channel Meter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
2.5.3
1- and 2-Channel Meters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Entering Pipe Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
2.6.1
Transducer Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
2.6.2
Pipe Material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
2.6.3
Pipe OD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
2.6.4
Pipe Wall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
2.6.5
Lining . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
2.6.6
Path and Axial Length. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
2.6.7
Tracking Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
2.6.8
Fluid Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
2.6.9
Reynolds Correction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
2.6.10 Calibration Factor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
2.7
Exiting the User Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Chapter 3. Operation
3.1
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
3.2
Powering Up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
3.3
Using the Display. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
3.4
Taking Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
3.5.1
vi
Foundation Fieldbus Communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
DigitalFlow™ DF868 Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Contents
Chapter 4. Specifications
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
General Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39
4.1.1
Hardware Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39
4.1.2
Environmental . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39
4.1.3
Flow Accuracy (Velocity). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39
4.1.4
Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39
4.1.5
Rangeability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
4.1.6
Repeatability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
4.1.7
Energy Accuracy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
4.1.8
Fluid Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
Electrical Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
4.2.1
Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
4.2.2
Power Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
4.2.3
Operating Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
4.2.4
European Compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
4.2.5
Hazardous (Classified) Location Compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
4.2.6
Input/Output Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
Operational Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
4.3.1
Site Parameter Programming. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
4.3.2
Data Logging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
4.3.3
Display Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
4.3.4
Printer Signal Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
Transducer Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
4.4.1
Wetted Ultrasonic Flow Transducers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
4.4.2
Clamp-On Ultrasonic Flow Transducers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
4.4.3
Temperature Transducers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
Pipe Size & Materials. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
4.5.1
Wetted Transducers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
4.5.2
Clamp-On Transducers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
PC Interface Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
Appendix A. CE Mark Compliance
A.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47
A.2 Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47
A.3 External Grounding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47
Appendix B. Data Records
B.1 Option Cards Installed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49
B.2 Initial Setup Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50
DigitalFlow™ DF868 Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
vii
Contents
Appendix C. Optional Enclosures
C.1 Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55
C.2 Rack Mount Enclosure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55
C.3 Rack Mount Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55
C.4 Rack Mount Front Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56
Appendix D. Measuring P and L Dimensions
D.1 Measuring P and L . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61
viii
DigitalFlow™ DF868 Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Chapter 1. Installation
Chapter 1.
Installation
1.1 Introduction
To ensure safe and reliable operation of the Model DF868 Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter, the system must be installed in
accordance with the guidelines established by GE engineers. Those guidelines, which are explained in detail in this
chapter, include the following specific topics:
•
Unpacking the Model DF868 system
•
Selecting a suitable site for the electronics console and the flowcell/transducers
•
Installing a flowcell
•
Installing temperature transmitters
•
Installing the Electronics Console
•
Wiring the Electronics Console.
WARNING! The Model DF868 flowmeter can measure the flow rate of many liquids, some of which are
potentially hazardous. In such cases, proper safety practices must be observed.
WARNING! Be sure to follow all applicable local safety codes and regulations for installing electrical
equipment and working with hazardous liquids or flow conditions. Consult company safety
personnel or local safety authorities to verify the safety of any procedure or practice.
ATTENTION EUROPEAN CUSTOMERS!
In order to meet CE Mark requirements, all wiring connections must be made in accordance with the
instructions in Appendix A, CE Mark Compliance.
1.2 Unpacking
Carefully remove the electronics console, the transducers, and the cables from the shipping containers. Before
discarding any of the packing materials, account for all components and documentation listed on the packing slip. The
discarding of an important item along with the packing materials is all too common. If anything is missing or damaged,
contact the factory immediately for assistance.
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1
Chapter 1. Installation
1.3 Site Considerations
Because the relative physical locations of the flowcell and the Model DF868 electronics console are important, use the
guidelines given in this section to plan the Model DF868 system installation.
1.3.1 Electronics Console Location
The standard Model DF868 electronics enclosure is a Type-4X weather-resistant, dust-tight, indoor/outdoor type.
Typically, the electronics console is mounted in a meter shed. When choosing a mounting site, make sure that the
location permits easy access to the console for programming, testing, and servicing.
Note: For compliance with the European Union’s Low Voltage Directive (73/23/EEC), this unit requires an external
power disconnect device such as a switch or circuit breaker. The disconnect device must be marked as such,
clearly visible, directly accessible, and located within 1.8 m (6 ft) of the Model DF868.
1.3.2 Flowcell Location
The pipeline flowcell consists of the flow transducers and any temperature transducers employed as part of the
flowmeter system. Ideally, choose a section of pipe with unlimited access as the flowcell, such as a long stretch of pipe
that is above ground. However, if the flowcell is mounted on an underground pipe, dig a pit around the pipe to facilitate
installation of the transducers.
1.3.3 Transducer Location
For a given fluid and pipe, the Model DF868’s accuracy depends primarily on the location and alignment of the
transducers. In addition to accessibility, when planning for transducer location, adhere to the following guidelines:
1. Locate the transducers so that there are at least 10 pipe diameters of straight, undisturbed flow upstream and 5 pipe
diameters of straight, undisturbed flow downstream from the measurement point. To ensure undisturbed flow,
avoid sources of turbulence in the fluid such as valves, flanges, expansions and elbows.
2. Because sediment at the bottom of the pipe and gas at the top of the pipe may cause attenuation of the ultrasonic
signal, locate the transducers on the side of a horizontal pipe, when possible. If limited pipe access necessitates
top-mounted transducers and the sound beam path includes a reflection, shift the transducers to at least 10° off top
center. This will minimize the influence of any sediment or gas on the reflected ultrasonic signals.
1.3.4 Cable Lengths
Locate the flowcell/transducers as close as possible to the electronics console. The factory supplies transducer cables
up to 1,000 ft (306 m) in length. If longer cables are required, consult the factory for assistance.
1.3.5 Temperature Transmitters
When installing temperature transmitters in the flowcell, locate them downstream of the flow transducers. These
transmitters should be positioned no closer to the flow transducers than 2 pipe diameters and no further away from the
flow transducers than 20 pipe diameters.
2
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Chapter 1. Installation
1.3.6 Transducer Cables
When installing the transducer cables, always observe established standard practices for the installation of electrical
cables. Specifically, do not route transducer cables alongside high amperage AC power lines or any other cables that
could cause electrical interference. Also, protect the transducer cables and connections from the weather and corrosive
atmospheres.
Note: When using non-GE cables to connect the flow transducers to the Model DF868 electronics console, the cables
must have electrical characteristics identical to the GE cables. Type RG 62 a/u coaxial cable should be used,
and each cable must be the same length (within ±4 in.).
1.4 Installing a Flowcell
A flowcell is the section of pipe where the transducers are mounted. It can be created either by mounting the
transducers on the existing pipeline or by mounting them on a spoolpiece. A spoolpiece is a separately manufactured
pipe section, matched to the existing pipe, which contains ports for mounting the transducers. This approach allows the
transducers to be aligned and calibrated before inserting the spoolpiece into the pipeline.
Figure 1 shows a diagram of a typical Model DF868 system. For detailed instructions on installing the transducers
and/or spoolpiece, refer to the supplied drawings and the GE Liquid Transducer Installation Guide (916-055).
Transducer
Liquid
Flow
Flowcell
Transducer
Electronics
Console
Figure 1: A Typical Model DF868 System
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
3
Chapter 1. Installation
1.5 Installing Temperature Transmitters
Optional temperature transmitters may be installed as part of the flowcell, near the ultrasonic transducer ports. Be sure
to observe the siting requirements given earlier in this chapter. These transmitters must use a 0/4-20 mA signal to
transmit the temperature values to the Model DF868 electronics console. In turn, the electronics console will provide a
24 VDC signal to power the transmitters. Any desired transmitters or sensors may be used, but they must have an
accuracy equal to 0.5% of the reading or better.
Note: Resistive Thermal Devices (RTDs) are a good choice for measuring the temperature. If you use direct RTD
inputs, you do not require transmitters.
Typically, a 1/2” NPT female threaded port is used to mount the transmitters on the flowcell. If the pipeline is insulated,
the coupling may need to be extended to provide convenient access. Of course, other types of mounting ports,
including flanged ports, may be used for the transmitters.
Figure 2 shows a typical mounting arrangement for the pressure and temperature transmitters. The temperature sensor
should protrude 1/4 to 1/2 way into the pipe.
Temperature
Transmitter
RTD
Thermowell
Coupling
Flowcell Wall
Figure 2: Typical Temperature Transmitter Mounting
1.6 Mounting the DF868 Electronic Console
The standard Model DF868 electronics package is housed in a NEMA-4X weather-resistant enclosure. Refer to
Figure 9 on page 15 for the mounting dimensions of this enclosure. For meters housed in one of the optional
enclosures, a dimensional drawing will be shipped with the unit.
IMPORTANT: For meters supplied in one of the optional enclosure styles, refer to Appendix C, Optional Enclosures,
for specific mounting dimensions and instructions.
WARNING! Proper grounding of the DF868 chassis is required to prevent the possibility of electric shock.
See Figure 10 on page 16 to locate the internal ground connection.
4
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Chapter 1. Installation
1.7 Making Electrical Connections
!ATTENTION EUROPEAN CUSTOMERS!
To meet CE Mark requirements, all cables must be installed as described in Appendix A,
CE Mark Compliance.
This section contains instructions for making all the necessary electrical connections to the Model DF868 flowmeter.
Refer to Figure 10 on page 16 for a complete wiring diagram of the unit.
IMPORTANT: For meters supplied in one of the optional enclosure styles, refer to Appendix C, Optional Enclosures,
for the appropriate wiring diagram and specific wiring instructions.
Except for the power connector, all electrical connectors are stored in their terminal blocks during shipment and may be
removed from the enclosure for more convenient wiring. Feed the cables through the conduit holes on the bottom of the
enclosure, attach the wires to the appropriate connectors and plug the connectors back into their terminal blocks.
Note: For compliance with the European Union’s Low Voltage Directive (73/23/EEC), a transparent plastic shroud
protects the electrical connections. The shroud must remain in place, except while wiring the unit. Reinstall the
shroud after the wiring has been completed.
Once the Model DF868 is completely wired, proceed to Chapter 2, Initial Setup, to configure the unit for operation.
1.7.1 Wiring the Line Power
!ATTENTION EUROPEAN CUSTOMERS!
To meet CE Mark requirements, all cables must be installed as described in Appendix A,
CE Mark Compliance.
The Model DF868 may be ordered for operation with power inputs of 100-120 VAC, 220-240 VAC, or 12-28 VDC.
The label on the shroud inside the electronics enclosure, just above the TB1 line power terminal block, lists the required
line voltage and the fuse rating for the unit (the fuse rating is also listed in Chapter 4, Specifications). Be sure to
connect the meter only to the specified line voltage.
Note: For compliance with the European Union’s Low Voltage Directive (73/23/EEC), this unit requires an external
power disconnect device such as a switch or circuit breaker. The disconnect device must be marked as such,
clearly visible, directly accessible, and located within 1.8 m (6 ft) of the Model DF868.
Refer to Figure 3 on page 6 or Figure 10 on page 16 to locate terminal block TB1 and connect the line power as follows:
WARNING! Improper connection of the line power leads or connecting the meter to the incorrect line
voltage will damage the unit. It will also result in hazardous voltages at the flowcell and
associated piping and within the electronics console.
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
5
Chapter 1. Installation
1.7.1 Wiring the Line Power (cont.)
1. Remove the plastic shroud that covers the terminal blocks. Be sure to reinstall the shroud after all of the wiring has
been completed.
2. Strip ¼” of insulation from the end of the power and neutral or line leads (or the positive and negative DC power
leads), and ½” from the end of the ground lead.
3. Connect the ground lead to the internal ground connection located on the side panel of the enclosure (see Figure 3).
IMPORTANT: The incoming ground lead must be connected to the internal ground connection.
4. Connect the neutral or line lead (or the negative – DC power lead) to TB1-2 and the line power lead (or the positive
+ DC power lead) to TB1-3 as shown in Figure 3.
IMPORTANT: Do not remove the existing PC board ground wire or the cover ground wire.
G – + DC
G N/L2 L1 AC
PC Board
Ground Wire
TB1
Cover
Ground Wire
2
3
AC Line Power
or DC +
und
Gro
Internal
Ground
Connection
1
AC Neutral/Line
or DC –
Figure 3: Wiring the Line Power
6
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Chapter 1. Installation
1.7.2 Wiring the Transducers
!ATTENTION EUROPEAN CUSTOMERS!
To meet CE Mark requirements, all cables must be installed as described in Appendix A,
CE Mark Compliance.
Wiring a typical Model DF868 ultrasonic liquid flowmeter system requires interconnection of the following
components:
•
a pair of transducers (per channel) mounted in the flowcell
•
a lightning protector (optional)
•
the electronics console
To wire the transducers, complete the following steps:
WARNING! Before connecting the transducers, take them to a safe area and discharge any static buildup by
shorting the center conductor of the transducer cables to the metal shield on the cable
connector.
1. If an optional lightning protector is being installed, connect it to the electronics end of the cables according to the
instructions provided.
2. Locate the CH1 transducer cables and connect them to the two CH1 transducers.
3. Refer to the wiring diagram in Figure 10 on page 16 and connect the transducer cables to the CH1 terminal block.
Then, secure the cable clamp.
4. For a 2-channel Model DF868 flowmeter, repeat steps 2-3 to wire the Channel 2 transducer system to terminal
block CH2.
Note: It is not required that Channel 2 of a 2-channel Model DF868 be used. This channel may be left inactive for
future use.
After the wiring has been completed, the transducer channel(s) must be activated before measurements can begin. See
Chapter 2, Initial Setup, for instructions.
1.7.3 Wiring the 0/4-20 mA Analog Outputs
The standard configuration of the Model DF868 flowmeter includes two isolated 0/4-20 mA analog outputs
(designated as A and B). Connections to these outputs may be made with standard twisted-pair wiring. The current loop
impedance for these circuits must not exceed 550 ohms.
Refer to Figure 10 on page 16 for the location of terminal block I/O and wire the terminal block as shown.
1.7.4 Wiring the Serial Port
The Model DF868 is equipped with a built-in serial communications port. The standard port is an RS232 interface, but
an optional RS485 interface is available upon request. Proceed to the appropriate sub-section for wiring instructions.
For more information on serial communications, refer to the EIA-RS Serial Communications Manual (916-054).
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
7
Chapter 1. Installation
1.7.4a
Wiring the RS232 Interface
Use the serial port to connect the Model DF868 flowmeter to a printer, an ANSI terminal or a personal computer. The
RS232 interface is wired as Data Terminal Equipment (DTE), and the signals available at terminal block J1 are shown
in Table 1. Refer to Figure 10 on page 16 and complete the following steps:
1. Disconnect the main power to the unit.
2. Install the required cable clamp in the chosen conduit hole on the side of the electronics enclosure.
3. Use the information in Table 1 to construct a suitable cable for connecting the Model DF868 to the external device.
If desired, an appropriate cable may be purchased from the factory.
Table 1: RS232 Connection to DCE or DTE Device
J1 Pin
Signal
Description
DCE
DB25
Pin #
DCE DB9
Pin #
DTE
DB25
Pin #
DTE
DB9
Pin #
5
DTR (Data
Terminal Ready)
20
4
20
4
6
CTS
(Clear to Send)
4
7
5
8
7
COM (Ground)
7
5
7
5
8
RX (Receive)
2
3
3
2
9
TX (Transmit)
3
2
2
3
Note: Signal names that imply direction (e.g., transmit and receive) are named from the point of view of the DTE
device (the GE meter is usually considered the DTE device). When the RS232 standard is strictly followed,
these signals are labeled with the same name and pin # on the DCE device side as well. Unfortunately, the
convention is not followed because the DTE and DCE side get confused. Therefore, connections that imply
direction are changed to reflect their direction on the DCE side.
4. Feed the flying leads end of the cable through the conduit hole and wire it to terminal block J1. Connect the other
end of the cable to the printer, ANSI terminal or personal computer, and secure the cable clamp.
After the wiring has been completed, consult the User’s Manual for the external device to configure it for use with the
Model DF868.
1.7.4b
Wiring the RS485 Interface
Use the optional RS485 serial port to network multiple DF868 flowmeters to a single computer terminal. Upon request,
the standard RS232 port on the DF868 may be configured as a two-wire, half-duplex RS485 interface, through a device
such as the INMAC Model 800052 RS232-RS422/RS485 converter.
IMPORTANT: The DF868 must be configured at the factory for RS485 operation.
To wire the RS485 serial port, refer to Figure 10 on page 16 and complete the following steps:
1. Disconnect the main power to the unit.
2. Install the required cable clamp in the chosen conduit hole on the side of the electronics enclosure.
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DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Chapter 1. Installation
1.7.4b Wiring the RS485 Interface (cont.)
3. Feed one end of the cable through the conduit hole, wire it to terminal block J1 and secure the cable clamp.
Connect the other end of the cable to the converter, as shown in Figure 4.
DF868
Converter
1 TD OUT
2
3
4 RD IN
NC 6
NC 7
RX 8
TX 9
Figure 4: Typical RS485 Connections
1.7.4c
Wiring the Ethernet Interface
A modified DF868 can use the Ethernet interface to communicate to an internal network. An optional Ethernet card
with a unique MAC (IP) address (installed only in slots 5 or 6) includes an RJ45 connector. To connect the
Ethernet-enabled DF868 to the network, insert the jack of an RJ45 cable into the RJ45 connector, route the cable
through the bottom of the DF868, and wire the other end of the cable to the Ethernet network according to the
manufacturer’s instructions. An external connection is required between the Ethernet option card and the DF868’s
RS232 connector, as shown in Table 2.
Note: The MAC address for a specific DF868 is included with customer documentation. For more information on
setting up the MAC address, refer to Chapter 6 of the Programming Manual.
Table 2: RS232 to Ethernet Interconnections
DF868 Type
Wall Mount
Rack Mount
Terminal Block
Terminal Block
RS232 on
Main Board
TB1 on
Ethernet Card
TX
Pin 1
RX
Pin 2
RTN
Pin 3
RS232 on
Main Board
TB2 on
Ethernet Card
TX
Pin 1
RX
Pin 2
RTN
Pin 3
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9
Chapter 1. Installation
1.7.4d
Wiring the MODBUS/TCP Interface
Customers can also use a modified DF868 that provides a MODBUS/TCP interface to communicate to an internal
network. An optional MODBUS/TCP card with a unique MAC (IP) address (installed only in slots 5 or 6) includes an
RJ45 connector. To connect the MODBUS/TCP-enabled DF868 to the network, insert the jack of an RJ45 cable into
the RJ45 connector, route the cable through the bottom of the DF868, and wire the other end of the cable to the Ethernet
network according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
Note: The MAC address for a specific DF868 is included with customer documentation. For more information on
setting up the MAC address, refer to Chapter 6 of the Programming Manual.
1.7.4e
Wiring the Foundation Fieldbus Network
Fieldbus network connections are made at J8/J9, pins 1 and 2 (see Figure 5). Optionally, a shield can be connected to
J8/J9 pin 3, depending on the network wiring. Connector J8 or J9 will be installed depending on the option ordered by
the customer.
No connections are made to J8/J9, pins 7 and 9, under normal operation. If it is desired to reset the network board to
factory defaults:
1. Connect a jumper between J8/J9 pin 7 and pin 9.
2. Power cycle the instrument.
3. Ten seconds after the power has been restored to the unit, remove the jumper to return the network board to normal
operation.
9
J9
1
9
J8
1
Figure 5: Network Connections - Standard Option Interior
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DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Chapter 1. Installation
1.7.5 Wiring an Alarms Option Card
The Model DF868 flowmeter can accommodate up to 4 alarm option cards. Each alarms option card includes three
Form C relays (designated as A, B and C).
The alarm relays on the option card are available in two types:
•
general purpose
•
hermetically sealed for Class I, Division 2 hazardous areas.
The maximum electrical ratings for the relays are listed in Chapter 4, Specifications. Each of the three alarm relays can
be wired either as Normally Open (NO) or Normally Closed (NC).
In setting up an alarm relay, it may be wired for either conventional or fail-safe operation. In fail-safe mode, the alarm
relay is constantly energized, except when it is triggered or a power failure or other interruption occurs. See Figure 6
for the operation of a NO alarm relay in both conventional and fail-safe mode.
Connect the two wires required for each alarm relay in accordance with the pin number assignments shown in
Figure 10 on page 16.
Conventional,
not triggered
Fail-Safe,
not triggered
NO
C
NO
C
NC
NC
Alarm
Monitoring
Device
Alarm
Monitoring
Device
Conventional,
triggered
Fail-Safe,
triggered or power failure
NO
C
NO
C
NC
NC
Alarm
Monitoring
Device
Alarm
Monitoring
Device
Figure 6: Conventional and Fail-Safe Operation
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11
Chapter 1. Installation
1.7.6 Wiring a 0/4-20 mA Analog Inputs Option Card
To calculate energy measurement, the Model DF868 requires accurate temperature data from the measurement site.
Transmitters installed in the flowcell can provide this information via an optional 0/4-20 mA analog inputs card. This
option card includes two isolated 0/4-20 mA analog inputs (designated as A and B), each of which includes a 24 VDC
power supply for loop-powered transmitters. Either input may be used to process the temperature signal.
Note: To enter programming data during operation of the meter, it will be necessary to know which input is assigned
to which process parameter. This information should have been entered in Appendix B, Data Records.
The analog inputs, which have an impedance of 118 ohms, should be connected with standard twisted-pair wiring.
Power to the transmitters may be supplied either by the integral 24 VDC power supply on the analog input card or by
an external power supply. Figure 7 shows typical wiring diagrams, with and without an external power supply, for one
of the analog inputs.
With External Power Supply
24 VDC
POWER SUPPLY
+
Analog Input
Transmitter
INHI
+ IN
INLO
- OUT
Sensor
Analog Input
Transmitter
INHI
- OUT
+24V
Sensor
+ IN
*Jumper RTN + INLO
With Internal Power Supply
Figure 7: Analog Input Wiring Diagram
12
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Chapter 1. Installation
1.7.6 Wiring a 0/4-20 mA Analog Inputs Option Card (cont.)
Wire the analog input terminal block in accordance with the pin number assignments shown in Figure 10 on page 16.
If the flowmeter system includes additional transmitters, the Model DF868 can accommodate up to three more analog
inputs option cards. These option cards are identical to the temperature card described on page 12 and they should be
wired in the same manner (see Figure 10 on page 16).
The analog inputs on the option card(s) can be calibrated with the Model DF868’s built-in analog outputs. However, be
certain that the analog outputs have been calibrated first. See Chapter 1, Calibration, in the Service Manual for the
appropriate procedures.
1.7.7 Wiring a Totalizer/Frequency Outputs Option Card
The Model DF868 can accommodate up to four totalizer/frequency outputs option cards. Each totalizer/frequency
outputs option card provides four outputs (designated as A, B, C, and D) that can be used as either totalizer or
frequency outputs.
Each totalizer/frequency output requires two wires. Wire this terminal block in accordance with the pin number
assignments shown in Figure 10 on page 16. Figure 8 shows sample wiring diagrams of a totalizer output circuit and a
frequency output circuit.
Totalizer Output
Model DF868
Pulse Counter
Max. Current:
Max. Voltage:
Isolation Voltage:
Max. Load Power:
4A
150V
500V
10W In
Volts +
(Int. Pwr. Sup.)
Load
(minimum
10 kW)
NO
C
C = Isolated Return
Volts (Common)
Frequency Output
Model DF868
Frequency Counter
+5V
200 
IN
NO
Common
C
C = Isolated Return
Figure 8: Totalizer/Frequency Outputs Wiring
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
13
Chapter 1. Installation
1.7.8 Wiring an RTD Inputs Option Card
The Model DF868 can accommodate up to four RTD (Resistance Temperature Device) inputs option cards. Each RTD
inputs option card provides two direct RTD inputs (designated as A and B).
Each RTD input requires three wires, which should be fed through one of the conduit holes on the bottom of the
electronic console. (For maximum accuracy, the three wires must be of equal length.) Wire this terminal block in
accordance with the pin number assignments shown in Figure 10 on page 16.
1.7.9 Wiring a 0/4-20 mA Analog Outputs Option Card
The Model DF868 flowmeter can accommodate up to 4 analog outputs option cards. Each analog outputs option card
includes four isolated 0/4-20 mA outputs (designated as A, B, C and D).
Connections to these outputs may be made with standard twisted-pair wiring. The total current loop impedance for
these circuits must not exceed 1000 ohms. Wire this terminal block in accordance with the pin number assignments
shown in Figure 10 on page 16.
1.7.10 Wiring a MODBUS Option Card
A modified DF868 can use the RS485 standard for MODBUS communications. This standard allows up to 32 nodes
(drivers and receivers) on one multidrop network, at distances up to 4,000 ft (1,200 m). To connect the instrument(s) to
the host system, the factory recommends using a 24-gauge (24 AWG) twisted-pair cable with a characteristic
impedance of 120 ohms and a 120-ohm termination at each end of the communications line.
The MODBUS option card must be plugged into either slot 5 or slot 6 of the DF868. On the option card, pin 1 is the
[TMT-] inverting or negative connection and pin 2 is the [TMT+] non-inverting or positive connection. To link the DF868
to the control system, connect the two wires of the twisted-pair cable from these terminals to the corresponding
terminals at the control system, in accordance with the pin number assignments shown in Figure 10 on page 16.
Note: If two MODBUS option cards are installed in the DF868, only the card in slot 5 is activated.
14
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Figure 9: Model DF868 Type 4X Enclosure (ref. dwg #425-208)
Chapter 1. Installation
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
15
G
–
+
G N/L2 L1
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Figure 10: Model DF868 Electronics Console Wiring (ref. dwg #702-213, sht 1 of 2)
Chapter 1. Installation
16
Chapter 2. Initial Setup
Chapter 2.
Initial Setup
2.1 Introduction
This chapter provides instructions for entering the minimum amount of programming data required to place the Model
DF868 flowmeter into operation. Before the Model DF868 can begin taking measurements and displaying valid data,
the system and pipe parameters must be entered. In addition, if you plan to use both channels of a 2-channel meter, each
channel must be activated prior to use. Additional programming options provide access to the more advanced features
of the Model DF868, but this information is not required to begin taking measurements.
Note: See the Programming Manual for information on those User Program options not covered in this chapter.
2.2 Navigating Through the User Program
In order to begin using the Model DF868, the following submenus within the User Program will be accessed:
•
ACTIV - enables selection of the desired measurement method (for a 2-Channel meter, it is also used to activate a
channel)
•
SYSTM - prompts the user to enter the required system data
•
PIPE - prompts the user to enter the required pipe parameters
As a guide in following the programming instructions in this chapter, the relevant portions of the Model DF868 menu
map have been reproduced in Figure 11 on page 31 and Figure 12 on page 32.
Note: There are minor differences at the start of the ACTIV and SYSTM submenus for the 1-Channel and 2-Channel
models, but the PIPE submenus are identical.
The following discussion assumes that the left screen pane is active. If the right screen pane is active, only the function
key designations change. That is, replace [F1]-[F4] with [F5]-[F8]. Be sure to record all programming data in Appendix B,
Data Records.
Use the keypad, as described in the Programming Manual, to navigate through the User Program. The menu map may
be followed in sequence, or the [ and [ keys may be used to scroll through the prompt screens. The [ key may be
used to delete the last alphanumeric character that was entered from the keypad.
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
17
Chapter 2. Initial Setup
2.3 Accessing the User Program
To access the User Program, press the [PROG] key on the keypad.
Note: If the security feature is active, enter the password and press [ENT] to enter the User Program. See the SECUR
submenu section in Chapter 1 of the Programming Manual for more information on the security feature.
2.3.1 1-Channel Meter
For a 1-Channel Model DF868, the measurement mode screen is replaced by the following initial programming mode
screen:
Start ‰
PROGRAM
PROGRAM
status
ACTIV SYSTM
PIPE
At the User Program screen
shown, press [F1] and proceed to
the next page for instructions.
I/O
2.3.2 2-Channel Meter
For a 2-Channel Model DF868, the following two-step sequence is required to reach the initial programming screen:
Start ‰
PROGRAM
PROGRAM
Channel 1
CH1
CH2
Chan 1
GLOBL
SAVE
Start ‰
PROGR
Channel PROGRAM
status
ACTIV SYSTM PIPE
Press [F1] or [F2] to select the
submenu for Channel 1 or
Channel 2, respectively, from the
option bar.
At the User Program screen
shown, press [F1] and proceed to
the next page for instructions.
I/O
Only the submenus ACTIV, SYSTM and PIPE are discussed in this manual. Refer to the Programming Manual for
information on the other submenus.
Note: In this manual, only the programming of Channel 1 will be described. To program Channel 2, simply repeat the
same procedures presented for Channel 1.
18
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Chapter 2. Initial Setup
2.4 Activating a Channel
The ACTIV submenu permits selection of the desired measurement method. In addition, it is used to activate/deactivate
one or both of the channels in a 2-Channel Model DF868.
2.4.1 1-Channel Meter
1. Enter the ACTIV submenu by pressing [F1] at the User PROGRAM prompt.
2. Press [F1] to activate the channel in Transit-Time mode, or [F2] to activate the channel in TransFlection mode.
2.4.2 2-Channel Meter
1. Enter the ACTIV submenu by pressing [F1] at the Channel PROGRAM prompt.
2. Press [F1] (Off) to deactivate the channel and return to the Channel PROGRAM prompt, or press [F2] to activate the
channel in Transit-Time mode, or [F3] to activate TransFlection mode.
Note: If a customer has not ordered the DF868 with TransFlection mode, the TRNFL option does not appear.
Proceed directly to the next section to program the SYSTM submenu.
2.5 Entering System Data for a Channel
Begin the programming of the SYSTM submenu in either the 1-Channel or 2-Channel section below.
2.5.1 1-Channel Meter
For the 1-Channel Model DF868, the information entered in the SYSTM submenu pertains to the global operation of the
flowmeter.
1. At the User Program screen, press the [F2] function key to program the SYSTM submenu.
2. Enter a Site Label of up to 9 characters and press the [ENT] key. (While taking measurements, the site label appears
on the locator bar.)
3. Enter a Site Message of up to 21 characters. Use this screen to enter a brief description of the site. When the
message has been entered, press the [ENT] key.
4. Press [F1] to turn the Energy Option OFF or press [F2] to turn it ON. (The Energy Option calculates the energy of a
system based on temperatures at the supply and return points, and the flow of fluid.)
5. To select the System Units, press [F1] to display parameters and measurements in English units or press [F2] to
display parameters and measurements in Metric units.
6. To program the Totalizer Option, press [F1] to measure totals automatically, or press [F2] to measure totals
manually.
The remainder of the SYSTM submenu is identical for the 1-Channel and 2-Channel versions of the Model DF868.
Proceed to the 1- and 2-Channel Meters section to complete the programming of this submenu.
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
19
Chapter 2. Initial Setup
2.5.2 2-Channel Meter
For the 2-Channel Model DF868, the information entered in the SYSTM submenu pertains only to the currently selected
channel.
1. At the User Program screen shown, press [F2] to program the SYSTM submenu.
2. Enter a Channel Label of up to 9 characters. While taking measurements, the channel label will appear on the
locator bar. Press [ENT].
3. Enter a Channel Message of up to 21 characters. Press [ENT].
4. Press [F1] to turn the Energy Option OFF or press [F2] to turn it ON. (The Energy Option calculates the energy of a
system based on temperatures at the supply and return points, and the flow of fluid.)
Note: For the 2-Channel Model DF868, the System Units and Totalizer prompts, which are not required to make the
unit operational, are located in the GLOBL submenu. See the Programming Manual for details.
The remainder of the SYSTM submenu is identical for the 1-Channel and 2-Channel versions of the Model DF868.
Proceed to the 1- and 2-Channel Meters section below to complete programming.
20
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Chapter 2. Initial Setup
2.5.3 1- and 2-Channel Meters
1. Use the [F1]-[F4] and [ keys to select the desired Volumetric Units for the flow rate display.
The abbreviations and definitions of all the available volumetric units are shown in Table 3. The choices shown on the
option bar are determined by the selections made at the previous SYSTEM UNITS prompt screen.
Table 3: Volumetric Unit Options
English Volumetric Units
Metric Volumetric Units
GAL/S - U.S. Gallons per Second
L/S - Liter per Second
GAL/M - U.S. Gallons per Minute
L/M - Liters per Minute
GAL/H - U.S. Gallons per Hour
L/H - Liters per Hour
MGD - Millions of U.S. Gallons per Day
ML/D - Millions of Liters per Day
ft3/s - Cubic Feet per Second
m3/s - Cubic Meters per Second
ft3/m - Cubic Feet per Minute
m3/m - Cubic Meters per Minute
ft3/h - Cubic Feet per Hour
Mm3/h - Millions of Cubic Meters per Hour
Mft3/d - Millions of Cubic Feet per Day
Mm3/d - Millions of Cubic Meters per Day
BBL/S - Barrels per Second
BBL/S - Barrels per Second
BBL/M - Barrels per Minute
BBL/M - Barrels per Minute
BBL/H - Barrels per Hour
BBL/H - Barrels per Hour
BBL/D - Barrels per Day
BBL/D - Barrels per Day
MBBL/D - Millions of Barrels per Day
MBBL/D - Millions of Barrels per Day
Acre-inch/sec - Acre-inches per second
N/A
Acre-inch/min - Acre-inches per minute
N/A
Acre-inch/hr - Acre-inches per hour
N/A
Acre-inch/day - Acre-inches per day
N/A
Acre-foot/sec - Acre-feet per second
N/A
Acre-foot/min - Acre-feet per minute
N/A
Acre-foot/hr - Acre-feet per hour
N/A
Acre-foot/day - Acre-feet per day
N/A
2. Press [F1]-[F4] to select the Vol Decimal Digits (the desired number of digits to the right of the decimal point) in the
volumetric flow rate display.
3. Use the [F1]-[F4] and [ keys to select the Totalizer Units.
The abbreviations and definitions of all the available totalizer units are shown in Table 4 on page 22. The choices
shown on the option bar in the prompt screen above are determined by the selections made at the previous SYSTEM
UNITS prompt screen.
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
21
Chapter 2. Initial Setup
2.5.3 1- and 2-Channel Meters (cont.)
Table 4: Totalizer Unit Options
English Totalizer Units
Metric Totalizer Units
Gal - U.S. Gallons
L - Liters
MGAL - Mega U.S. gallons
ML - Megaliters
ft3 - Cubic Feet
m3- Cubic Meters
Mft3 - Mega Cubic Feet
Mm3- Mega Cubic Meters
BBL - Barrels
BBL - Barrels
MBBL - Megabarrels
MBBL - Megabarrels
Acre-inches
Acre-feet
4. Press [F1]-[F4] to select the Total Decimal Digits (the digits to the right of the decimal point) in the totalized flow
display.
2.5.3a
Mass Flow
If the Mass Flow prompt in the SETUP submenu is not enabled, skip this sub-section. However, the following
programming sequence appears if Mass Flow is enabled.
1. Use the [F1]-[F4] keys to select the desired Mass Flow units, listed in Table 5.
Table 5: Available Mass Flow Units
English
LB = Pounds
KLB = Thousands of LB
MMLB = Millions of LB
TONS = Tons (2000 LB)
Metric
KG = Kilograms
TONNE = Metric Tons (1000 KG)
2. Use the [F1]-[F4] keys to select the desired Mass Flow Time units.
3. Use the [F1]-[F4] keys to select the MDOT Decimal Digits (the digits to the right of the decimal point) for displaying
mass flow.
4. Use the [F1]-[F4] keys to select the Mass (Totalizer) units, listed in Table 5.
5. Use the [F1]-[F4] keys to select the Mass Decimal Digits (the digits to the right of the decimal point) for displaying
totalized mass flow.
22
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Chapter 2. Initial Setup
2.5.3b
Energy Option
If you did not select the Energy Option earlier, the meter now returns to the initial User (or Channel) Program screen.
But if you selected the Energy Option, several more prompts appear.
1. Use the [F1]-[F4] keys to select the desired Power units, listed in Table 6.
Table 6: Power Unit Options
English Power Units
Metric Power Units
kBTU—Thousands of British
Thermal Units per Hour
kCAL/sec—Kilocalories/second
MMBTU—Millions of British
Thermal Units per Hour
MCAL/sec—MegaCalories/
second
kW—kilowatts
kW—kilowatts
Tons
MW—Megawatts
2. Use the [F1]-[F4] keys to select the Power Decimal Digits (the digits to the right of the decimal point) for displaying
power.
3. Use the [F1]-[F4] keys to select the Total Energy units, shown in Table 7.
Table 7: Energy Unit Options
English Energy Units
Metric Energy Units
kBTU—Thousands of British
Thermal Units
kCAL—Kilocalories
MMBTU—Millions of British
Thermal Units
MCAL—MegaCalories
kWHr—Kilowatt-Hours
kW—Kilowatt-Hour
Tons
MW—Megawatt-Hour
4. Use the [F1]-[F4] keys to select the Energy Decimal Digits (the digits to the right of the decimal point) for displaying
total energy.
5. Press [F1] to make measurements in a Cooling system, or [F2] to make measurements in a Heating system.
6. Press [F1] to conduct Flow Measurement at the point of return (where the liquid exits), or [F2] to measure flow at the
point of supply (where the liquid enters).
When the above selection has been made, the meter exits the SYSTM submenu and returns to the initial User Program
screen. Proceed directly to the next section to program the PIPE submenu.
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
23
Chapter 2. Initial Setup
2.6 Entering Pipe Data
The PIPE submenu permits entry of the transducer and pipe specifications. To program this menu, complete the
following steps:
1. At the User (or Channel) Program screen, press [F3] to program the PIPE submenu.
2.6.1 Transducer Number
2. Enter the Transducer Number engraved on the head of the transducer and press [ENT]. If there is no engraved
number, complete the steps below. Otherwise, proceed to step 3 on the next page for a clamp-on transducer, or to
step 4 for a wetted transducer.
IMPORTANT: Special transducers, which have no engraved number on the head, are rarely used. Examine the
transducer head carefully for a number.
a. Assign a number between 91 and 99 to the Special Transducer and press [ENT]. (The meter will only accept
values from 1 to 199.)
b. Use the [F1]-[F3] keys to select the Wedge Type. Three choices are available: Rayleigh or Shear wave (for
clamp-on transducers) or wetted transducers.
c. Use the [F1]-[F3] keys to select the Frequency of the special transducer.
IMPORTANT: The frequency is required to transmit an excitation voltage at the transducer’s natural frequency.
d. Enter the special transducer Time Delay (Tw) value supplied by the factory and press [ENT].
Note: Tw is the time required for the transducer signal to travel through the transducer and its cable. This time delay
must be subtracted from the transit times of the upstream and downstream transducers to ensure an accurate
measurement.
If you have selected a special wetted transducer, the meter now rejoins the standard programming sequence. However,
if you have selected a special clamp-on transducer, two additional prompts appear.
e. Use the numeric keys to enter the Wedge Angle (the angle of the ultrasonic transmission) in degrees and press
[ENT].
Note: In TransFlection mode, you must enter a separate wedge angle for both the transmit transducer and the receive
transducer.
f. Use the numeric keys to enter the Wedge Soundspeed in ft/sec or m/sec and press [ENT].
24
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Chapter 2. Initial Setup
2.6.2 Pipe Material
3. Use the [F1]-[F4] and [ keys to select the Pipe Material, as listed in Table 8.
Table 8: Pipe Materials
Pipe Material Category
Specific Material
Steel
Carbon Steel or Stainless Steel
Iron
Ductile Iron or Cast Iron
Cu - Copper
None
Al - Aluminum
None
Brass
None
CuNi - Copper/Nickel
70% Cu 30% Ni or 90% Cu 10% Ni
Glass
Pyrex, Flint, or Crown
Plastic
Nylon, Polyester, Polypropylene, PVC
(CPVC), Acrylic
Other*
Any material
Note: Depending on the pipe material choice, another window may appear, asking you to specify the specific
material. If you have selected “Other,” the DF868 prompts you to enter the sound speed.
2.6.3 Pipe OD
4. Enter the known Pipe OD or circumference and press [F1]-[F4] to select the appropriate units, as shown in Table 9.
Press [ENT]. (The meter will only accept values from 1/8 to 648 in.)
Note: The first two lines of text in the prompt area depend on the selection made at the TRANSDUCER NUMBER prompt.
The option bar choices may appear in English or Metric units.
Obtain the required information by measuring either the pipe outside diameter (OD) or circumference at the transducer
installation site. The data may also be obtained from standard pipe size tables.
Table 9: Available Pipe OD Units
English
inch = pipe OD in inches
feet = pipe OD in feet
in/PI = pipe circumference
in inches
ft/PI = pipe circumference
in feet
Metric
mm = pipe OD in millimeters
m = pipe OD in meters
mm/PI = pipe circumference
in millimeters
m/PI = pipe circumference
in meters
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
25
Chapter 2. Initial Setup
2.6.4 Pipe Wall
5. Enter the known thickness of the Pipe Wall, in the same units used for the pipe OD, and press [ENT].
IMPORTANT: Because the units can not be independently chosen for this parameter, the value must be entered in the
same units used for the pipe OD.
If the pipe wall thickness is not available, look up the value in a table of standard pipe size data (such as the GE
brochure Sound Speeds and Pipe Size Data, 914-004), or use the Model DF868’s on-line Help Menu (see the
Programming Manual for details).
For wetted transducers, skip to step 7.
2.6.5 Lining
6. Press [F1] if the pipe does not have a Lining, or [F2] if it does have a lining. If you select YES, complete the steps
below.
a. Use the [F1]-[F4] and [ keys to select the Lining Material. Options include Tar, Pyrex, Asbestos, Mortar,
Rubber, PTFE and Other. If you choose “Other,” the DF868 then asks you to enter the lining sound speed. If you
do not know the lining sound speed, Sound Speeds and Pipe Size Data (914-004) lists some standard materials
and their corresponding sound speeds.
b. Enter the known Lining Thickness, in the same units used for the pipe OD, and press [ENT]. Then proceed to step
9.
2.6.6 Path and Axial Length
7. Enter the Path Length of the ultrasonic signal. Press [F1] or [F2] to select the desired units, and press [ENT].
Note: The factory has calculated both the transducer signal path length (P) and the transducer signal axial length (L),
based on the exact transducer configuration used for the application. These values are engraved on the
flowcell and/or are included in the documentation supplied with the meter. See Appendix D for an explanation
as to how these values are calculated.
8. The next prompt varies, depending on whether you selected Transit-Time or TransFlection in the ACTIV menu.
•
If you selected Transit-Time, the DF868 asks for the Axial Length. Enter the supplied value. Press [F1] or [F2] to
select the desired units, and press [ENT].
•
If you have selected TransFlection, enter the number of degrees for the Transducer Angle, and press [ENT]. Skip to
step 10.
2.6.7 Tracking Windows
Note: This step only appears if you have selected Transit-Time.
9. Press [F1] if you do not want Tracking Windows, or [F2] if you want to enable the windows. (Tracking windows are
used to detect the receive signal when you are unsure of the fluid soundspeed.)
26
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Chapter 2. Initial Setup
2.6.8 Fluid Type
10. Use the [F1]-[F4] and [ keys to select the Fluid Type. The selections for fluid type vary, depending on whether:
•
the ENERGY OPTION is ON or OFF; and
•
the TRACKING WINDOW is enabled or disabled.
Refer to Table 10 if ENERGY OPTION is OFF, or to Table 11 on page 27 if ENERGY OPTION is ON.
Note: Some of the fluid types may require additional selections as shown in the following tables.
Table 10: Fluid Types for ENERGY OFF
Tracking Windows =
NO
Additional Selections
YES
Additional Selections
WATER
Select NORML or SEA and press [ENT].
If NORML is selected, enter the Water
Temperature and press [ENT].
W100
No additional selections required.
OIL
Select LUBE or CRUDE and press [ENT].
W260
No additional selections required.
OIL
No additional selections required.
METH
ETH
No additional selections required.
Enter the Fluid Soundspeed and press
OTHER
[ENT].
LN2
No additional selections required.
FREON
No additional selections required.
OTHER
Enter the Fluid Soundspeed and press
Enter the Minimum Soundspeed and press
[ENT]. Then enter the Maximum Soundspeed
and press [ENT]
[ENT].
Table 11: Fluid Types for ENERGY ON
Tracking Windows =
NO
Additional Selections
YES
Additional Selections
WATER
Enter the Water Temperature and press
[ENT].
W260
No additional selections required.
MIXED
Enter the Fluid Soundspeed and press
[ENT]. Then enter the Percentage of
Water and press [ENT].
MIXED
Enter the Percentage of Water and press [ENT].
OTHER
Enter the Fluid Soundspeed and press
[ENT].
OTHER
Enter the Minimum Soundspeed and press
[ENT]. Then enter the Maximum Soundspeed
and press [ENT].
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
27
Chapter 2. Initial Setup
2.6.9 Reynolds Correction
11. Press [F1] to turn Reynolds Correction off, or [F2] to turn it on.
Note: Reynolds Correction is a number based on the Kinematic Viscosity and flow rate of the fluid. It should be
enabled for most applications.
12. When you enable the Reynolds Correction Factor, you must also enter the Kinematic Viscosity of your fluid, as
listed in Sound Speeds and Pipe Size Data. Use the numeric keys to enter a value, and press [ENT].
2.6.10 Calibration Factor
13. Enter a value for the flow Calibration Factor and press [ENT]. The default value is 1.00, but values between 0.50
and 2.00 may be entered.
14. The menu now varies, depending on whether you have activated the TransFlection or Transit-Time mode.
•
If you activated the TransFlection mode, the program asks for the Depth of Reflector. This setting determines where
in the pipe the DF868 looks for the reflected signal. The default value is 50%. Use the numeric keys to enter a
value, and press [ENT].
Note: GE recommends activating the Reynolds Correction Factor when the Depth of Reflector is set at 50%. You can
disable the Reynolds Correction Factor when the Depth of Reflector is set at any other value.
•
If you activated the Transit-Time mode, two steps appear.
a. Use the [F1]-[F4] keys to select the desired Number of Traverses, the number of times the ultrasonic signal
traverses the pipe, from 1 to 5.
b. The Transducer Spacing prompt displays the spacing of the transducers, as calculated from the information you
have entered. Record this number and use it to properly space transducers.
Note: If necessary, you can overwrite the spacing shown (using the numeric keys) to match the actual physical
spacing of the transducers. The factory does not recommend overwriting the spacing. If you must, do not
change the spacing by more than ±10% from the value shown.
You have completed entering pipe parameters for clamp-on transducers. Press [ENT] to return to the start of the PIPE
submenu, and [EXIT] to leave the submenu.
Table 12 lists the numeric parameters in the PIPE submenu, with their high and low limits.
Table 12: Low and High Limits for PIPE Parameters
28
Parameter
Low Limit
High Limit
Wedge Angle
25°
90°
Pipe OD
0.12 in.
300 in.
Pipe Wall
0 in.
4.0 in.
Lining Thickness
0 in.
4.0 in.
Kinematic Viscosity
0.1
10,000 (E-6 ft2/s)
Path Length
0.12 in.
480 in.
Axial Length
0.12 in.
480 in.
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Chapter 2. Initial Setup
2.7 Exiting the User Program
After the calibration factor entry has been made, the meter will exit the PIPE submenu and return to the initial User
Program screen.
Start ‰
PROGRAM
PROGRAM
status
ACTIV SYSTM
PIPE
To leave the User Program and
begin taking measurements,
press [EXIT].
I/O
At the conclusion of the initial setup programming sequence, the following screen appears:
PROGRAM
Start
Do you want to SAVE
current selection appears here
No
Yes
At the User Program screen
shown, press [F1] to return to
measurement mode without
saving the file or press [F2] to
enter the SAVE submenu.
Note: If you press [NO], the DF868 still retains the newly programmed information. See the Programming Manual for
instructions on using the SAVE submenu.
Proceed to Chapter 3, Operation, for instructions on taking measurements or refer to the Programming Manual for
instructions on programming the Model DF868’s advanced features.
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
29
Chapter 2. Initial Setup
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30
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Chapter 2: Initial Setup
PROG
F1
F2
CH1
CH2
F3
F4
GLOBL
SAVE
(1-Channel)
PROGRAM status
Channel PROGRAM status
Channel PROGRAM
F1
F2
ACTIV
F2*
F1**
OFF
TRANS
F3
SYSTM
CHANNEL LABEL
ENERGY OPTION SITE/CHANNEL MESSAGE
Channel/Site status
F3*
F1
TRNFL
F1
METRC
F1
F2
F3
RAYL
SHEAR
WETTD
F1
F2
AUTO
MNUAL
F3
GAL/H
F4
F1
F2
F3
F4
F1
Mft3/d
BBL/S
BBL/M
BBL/H
BBL/D
MBL/D
F3
A-I/M
F4
A-I/H
F4
MGD
F2
F1
ft3/s
F4
500k
1MHz
2MHz
4MHz
Tw
(Wetted Type) (Clamp-On Type)
F2
F3
F4
F1
A-F/H
A-F/D
WATER NORML
TEMPERATURE
WEDGE SOUNDSPEED
F2
OIL
F3
METH
F2
SEA
F4
LN2
F3
F4
LUBE
CRUDE
F1
F2
STEEL
IRON
F4
F3
Cu
Al
F1
F2
F3
F4
F1
F1
MASS FLOW
0
1
F4
F3
F2
3
2
LB
GAL
F2
MGAL
F4
F3
ft^3
Mft^3
F2
F3
F4
MBBL
AC-IN
AC-FT
F3
F4
F1
BBL
KLB
F1
/SEC
0
F2
1
F4
MMLB
TONS
F2
/MIN
F1
0
TOT DECIMAL DIGITS
F1
F3
F2
F1
F1
F2
DUCT
CAST
F2
CARBN
SS
MASS FLOW TIME
TOTALIZER UNITS
F1
F1
CuNi
GLASS
PLSTC
OTHER
F1
F2
F3
PYREX
FLINT
BRASS
FLUID SOUNDSPEED
F1
F2
W100
W260
F4
F3
OIL
OTHER
2
3
F1
F2
F3
NYLON
POLYE
POLYP
F4
F1
PVC
3
PIPE OD
F1
F2
feet
F1
F4
F3
in/PI
inch
F3
F4
MMLB
TONS
PIPE WALL
PATH LENGTH P
F1
MASS FLOW ON
inch
F1
0
F2
1
CALIBRATION FACTOR
F3
in/PI
(TRANS) (TRNFL)
F4
DEPTH OF REFLECTOR
ft/PI
NUMBER OF TRAVERSES
F4
F3
2
3
F1
LINING
NO
feet
(TRNFL) (TRANS)
2(V)
F4
F3
3
4
F1
5
YES
TRANSDUCER SPACING
LINING MATERIAL
F1
inch
TRANSDUCER ANGLE
1(Z)
F2
F2
F1
F2
AXIAL LENGTH L
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
ACRYL
PIPE WALL
F2
KLB
KINEMATIC VISCOSITY
or TEMP/KV table active
ft/PI
MASS TOTALS
F1
ON
(Clamp-on Transducers) (Wetted Transducers)
F2
feet
F2
F1
OFF
PIPE OD
F4
F3
2
F2
10%Ni
/DAY
inch
LB
MASS FLOW OFF
/HR
MINIMUM SOUNDSPEED
MAXIMUM SOUNDSPEED
REYNOLDS CORRECTION
F1
30%Ni
F4
F3
F2
1
F3
OTHER
FLUID TYPE
PIPE SOUNDSPEED
VOL DECIMAL DIGITS
F2
FREON
F1
ETH
PIPE MATERIAL
A-I/S
A-F/M
F1
WEDGE ANGLE
ft3/h
F2
WATER
(RAYL/SHEAR)
F3
ft3/m
A-F/S
F1
A-I/D
F3
(WETTD)
F2
GAL/M
F2
YES
FLUID TYPE
F1
F2
F1
VOLUMETRIC UNITS
F1
F1
NO
FREQUENCY
TOTALIZER OPTION
GAL/S
TRACKING WINDOWS?
SPECIAL TRANSDUCER
WEDGE TYPE
F2
ENG
(TRNFL) (TRANS)
SPEC
SYSTEM UNITS
**Appears only on
2-Channel DF868.
SETUP
TRANSDUCER NUMBER
ON
F1
NOTE: Plain text represents prompt area messages and
boxed text represents option bar choices.
Fx represent function keys to select option bar choices.
F1
I/O
F2
OFF
*Selections are
different depending
on installed options.
F4
PIPE
Figure 11: Model DF868 Initial Setup Menu Map with Energy Option Turned OFF
(2-Channel))
F1
F2
TAR
F2
F3
F4
F1
F2
F3
PYREX
ASBES
MORTR
RUBBR
TEFLN
OTHER
feet
LINING SOUNDSPEED
LINING THICKNESS
31
Chapter 2: Initial Setup
PROG
(2-Channel) (1-Channel)
F2
CH2
F3
F4
GLOBL
SAVE
PROGRAM status
Channel PROGRAM status
F1
F2
ACTIV
Channel/Site status
F1**
OFF
F3
SYSTM
CHANNEL LABEL
F1*
TRANS
OFF
F3
GAL/S
GAL/M
GAL/H
F4
F1
BBL/D
MBL/D
F4
MGD
F2
ON
WEDGE TYPE
VOLUMETRIC UNITS
F1
F2
ft3/s
F3
A-I/S
A-I/M
ft3/m
F4
A-I/H
F1
GAL
1
MGAL
ft^3
Mft^3
1
MASS FLOW ON
MASS FLOW
F1
F2
LB
KLB
/SEC
/MIN
F2
F3
Mft3/d
BBL/S
BBL/M
BBL/H
F2
F3
F4
F1
A-F/M
A-F/H
A-F/D
F1
BBL
500k
F2
F3
F4
1MHz
2MHz
4MHz
Tw
F3
F4
F1
F2
MBBL
AC-IN
AC-FT
STEEL
IRON
Cu
Al
F1
CuNi
F3
F4
F1
GLASS
PLSTC
OTHER
F1
POWER
F2
MMBTU
F2
CARBN
MASS FLOW OFF
KBTU
F1
F2
PYREX
FLINT
F4
3
TONS
F1
F2
F3
WATER
MIXED
OTHER
FLUID TYPE
F1
F2
F3
W260
MIXED
OTHER
F3
KW
F3
REYNOLDS CORRECTION
SS
F1
F4
F1
F2
TONS
DUCT
CAST
F1
F2
F1
F2
F3
30%Ni
10%Ni
NYLON
POLYE
POLYP
F4
F2
OFF
ON
KINEMATIC VISCOSITY
F1
PVC
ACRYL
CALIBRATION FACTOR
(Clamp-on Transducers) (Wetted Transducers)
F3
/HR
F1
F4
/DAY
F3
F4
3
F3
F4
MMLB
TONS
F2
1
FLUID TYPE
F2
BRASS
0
F2
1
F3
2
F4
3
inch
ENERGY (TOTAL)
F1
F2
F3
F4
KBTU
MMBTU
KWHr
TONS
F1
F2
F3
F4
PIPE OD
PIPE OD
F2
feet
F3
F1
F4
in/PI
inch
ft/PI
PIPE WALL
0
1
2
F1
inch
F3
2
F4
3
F1
F2
HEAT
F1
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
feet
F3
in/PI
F4
DEPTH OF REFLECTOR
ft/PI
NUMBER OF TRAVERSES
F1
LINING
F1
F2
feet
NO
1(Z)
F2
YES
F2
2(V)
F4
F3
3
4
F1
5
LINING MATERIAL
AXIAL LENGTH L
F1
inch
TRANSDUCER ANGLE
F2
TRANSDUCER SPACING
3
COOL
RTN
(TRANS) (TRNFL)
F2
PIPE WALL
(TRNFL) (TRANS)
F1
YES
WEDGE SOUNDSPEED
F4
F3
PATH LENGTH P
0
F2
NO
(RAYL/SHEAR)
(Wetted Type) (Clamp-On Type)
F2
F3
2
MMLB
2
KLB
TRACKING WINDOWS?
F1
FREQUENCY
F1
PIPE SOUNDSPEED
F1
MASS TOTALS
F1
F2
LB
(TRNFL) (TRANS)
PIPE MATERIAL
F1
F4
F2
1
F3
WETTD
F4
F1
0
F2
SHEAR
(WETTD)
3
F3
MASS FLOW TIME
F1
F2
F1
A-F/S
F3
2
TOT DECIMAL DIGITS
F1
F2
0
ft3/h
F4
F1
RAYL
WEDGE ANGLE
TOTALIZER UNITS
F3
F4
F2
F3
F1
A-I/D
VOL DECIMAL DIGITS
F1
F2
0
NOTE: Plain text represents prompt area messages and
boxed text represents option bar choices.
Fx represent function keys to select option bar choices.
F1
**Appears only on
2-Channel DF868.
F2
SETUP
SPEC
SPECIAL TRANSDUCER
*Selections are
different depending
on installed options.
F1
F1
I/O
TRANSDUCER NUMBER
ENERGY OPTION SITE/CHANNEL MESSAGE
F1
F2
F2*
TRNFL
F4
PIPE
Figure 12: Model DF868 Initial Setup Menu Map with Energy Option Turned ON
F1
CH1
F1
F2
TAR
F2
F3
F4
F1
F2
F3
PYREX
ASBES
MORTR
RUBBR
TEFLN
OTHER
feet
LINING SOUNDSPEED
LINING THICKNESS
SPPLY
32
Chapter 3. Operation
Chapter 3.
Operation
3.1 Introduction
See Chapter 1, Installation, and Chapter 2, Initial Setup, to prepare the system for operation. When the meter is ready
to take measurements, proceed with this chapter. The following specific topics are discussed:
•
Powering Up
•
Using the Display
•
Taking Measurements
Note: All inputs and outputs of the Model DF868 are calibrated at the factory, prior to shipment. If it becomes
necessary to recalibrate any of the inputs and/or outputs, see Chapter 1, Calibration, of the Service Manual.
WARNING! To ensure the safe operation of the Model DF868, it must be installed and operated as described
in this manual. In addition, be sure to follow all applicable local safety codes and regulations for
the installation of electrical equipment.
3.2 Powering Up
Because the Model DF868 does not have an ON/OFF switch, it will power up as soon as the connected power source is
energized.
Note: For compliance with the European Union’s Low Voltage Directive (73/23/EEC), this unit requires an external
power disconnect device such as a switch or circuit breaker. The disconnect device must be marked as such,
clearly visible, directly accessible, and located within 1.8 m (6 ft) of the Model DF868.
Immediately upon power up, the Model DF868 displays the GE logo and the software version (2AA) in the left pane of
the display window. The Model DF868 performs a series of internal checks and display the results in the right pane of
the display window.
Note: If the Model DF868 fails any of the internal checks, try disconnecting the power and then re-powering the unit.
If the Model DF868 continues to fail any of the internal checks, contact the factory for assistance.
After successfully performing the internal checks, the Model DF868 begins taking measurements. The power up
display is replaced by a measurement mode display similar to that shown in Figure 13.
Note: As a minimum, the system and pipe parameters (for each installed channel of a 2-channel meter) must be
entered before the DF868 can display valid data. Refer to Chapter 2, Initial Setup, for specific instructions.
SITE1 PIPE1
SITE1 PIPE1
Velocity
VEL
m/s Volumetric
6.95
VOLUM
+TOTL
-TOTL
SCM/M
1038.7
Figure 13: A Typical Measurement Display
Proceed to the next section for a description of the components of the Model DF868 display screen.
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
33
Chapter 3. Operation
3.3 Using the Display
The Model DF868 display is divided into a left pane and a right pane. The two screen panes can be set independently to
display any of the available measurement or diagnostic parameters. The components of a typical measurement mode
screen are shown in Figure 14.
Pointer
Locator Bar
gSITE
Ch1 no label
Prompt Area
Error Code
CH1
CH2
SUM
DIF
Option Bar
Figure 14: Display Screen Components
Both panes of the display screen are continuously updated, but only one pane at a time may be programmed or
changed. To select a pane, press the corresponding side of the [SCREEN] key on the keypad. The currently selected
screen pane will have function names in the option bar, while the other screen pane will have a blank option bar. See the
Programming Manual for detailed instructions on using the keypad.
As shown in Figure 14, each pane of the display screen is divided into the following three general areas:
•
the locator bar
•
the prompt area
•
the option bar.
The upper portion of the screen pane is called the locator bar. While the meter is taking measurements, the locator bar
displays the name of the currently selected site file. In addition, the locator bar identifies the task that is currently being
performed and the status of that task. For example, pressing the [PROG] key on the keypad will cause the locator bar to
display “PROGRAM” and “Start” to indicate that the meter is ready to be programmed from the start of the User Program.
At various times, one or more of the following four symbols may be displayed on the far right of the locator bar:
•
‰: This symbol, which is called the pointer, indicates that additional option bar entries are available. These options
can be accessed by using the [ and [ keys.
•
*: A flashing asterisk indicates that the Model DF868 is currently logging information. See the Programming
Manual for instructions on creating a log file.
•
S or SL: This symbol indicates the status of the red [SHIFT] key. “S” indicates that the [SHIFT] key is activated for the
next keystroke only, while “SL” indicates that the [SHIFT] key is locked. See the next section for instructions on
using the keypad.
•
T: This symbol indicates that the Model DF868 is currently totalizing data.
34
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Chapter 3. Operation
3.3 Using the Display (cont.)
The middle portion of the screen pane is the prompt area. This area displays data, graphs, and logs in measurement
mode and menu prompts in programming mode. In addition, error code messages, which are described in the Service
Manual, are displayed in the prompt area.
The lower portion of the screen pane is called the option bar. The option bar displays the functions assigned to the four
keys immediately below the display screen ([F1]-[F4] for the left pane and [F5]-[F8] for the right pane). Press a function
key to select the function listed in the option bar immediately above it. If more than four functions are available, a
pointer (
) appears on the far right of the locator bar. Press the [ or [ keys to display the additional functions on
the option bar.
For information about other symbols and text that may appear on the display screen, refer to the Service Manual.
3.4 Taking Measurements
The Model DF868 is capable of displaying several different variables in a variety of formats. However, this manual
will only discuss the basic measurement displays in the default screen format. Refer to the Programming Manual for
instructions on setting up alternate screen displays and see the Service Manual for a discussion of the diagnostic
parameters listed under the DIAG option.
Note: This section assumes that the left pane of the display screen is currently active. However, the same instructions
apply equally to the right screen pane, when it is active. Just change the function keys from [F1]-[F4] to [F5]-[F8].
For a 2-channel Model DF868, the following initial screen appears immediately upon completion of the internal
checks. As an example, the display shows the measured velocity in ft/sec for Channel 1.
Ch1 Channel Label
Ch1 Velocity Ft/s
gSITE ‰
6.95
(error codes appear here)
CH1
CH2
SUM
To select a different channel display option, press [F1]-[F4] (or [ and [F1]). See
Table 13 for a complete description of the available options.
DIF
Table 13: Channel Display Options
Option Bar Choice
Description
[F1] = CH1
Channel 1
[F2] = CH2
Channel 2
[F3] = SUM
(Channel 1) + (Channel 2)
[F4] = DIF
(Channel 1) - (Channel 2)
[ + [F1] = AVE
[(Channel 1) + (Channel 2)]/2
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
35
Chapter 3. Operation
3.4 Taking Measurements (cont.)
The following screen appears after selection of the channel mode display option for a 2-channel Model DF868 or
immediately after the internal checks for a 1-channel Model DF868.
(Ch1) label
(Ch1) Velocity Ft/s
gSITE ‰
6.95
(error codes appear here)
VEL VOLUM +TOTL
Use the [F1]-[F4], [ and [ keys to select the desired display parameter option.
See Table 14 for a complete description of the available options.
-TOTL
Note: Ch1 (or Ch2), which is shown in parentheses above, appears only with a 2-Channel Model DF868.
Table 14: Measurement Parameter Options
Option Bar Choice
Description
[F1] = VEL
Flow Velocity
[F2] = VOLUM
Volumetric Flow
[F3] = +TOTL
Forward Totalized Volume Flow
[F4] = -TOTL
Reverse Totalized Volume Flow
[ + [F1] = TIME
Total Flow Measurement Time
[ + [F2] = MDOT*
Mass Flow
[ + [F3] = +MASS*
Forward Totalized Mass Flow
[ + [F4] = -MASS*
Reverse Totalized Mass Flow
[ + [ + [F1] = POWER**
Energy Flow Power
[ + [ + [F2] = +ENRG**
Forward Energy Flow
[ + [ + [F3] = -ENRG**
Reverse Energy Flow
[ + [ + [F4] = DIAG
Diagnostic
* Available only if Mass Flow is enabled
** Available only if Energy Option is enabled
In the SETUP submenu, the Advanced Features option offers a MASS (Mass Flow) option. The SYSTEM submenu offers
an ENERGY OPTION. If you enable these options, the related options listed in Table 3-5 are available. However, if you do
not enable these options, the six options indicated do not appear and the DIAG option will appear in the [F2] position on
the second option bar screen.
By following the instructions in this section, the Model DF868 can be set up to display the desired channel option (for
a 2-Channel meter) and the desired measurement parameter. To utilize the more advanced display capabilities of the
Model DF868, refer to the Programming Manual and/or the Service Manual for the instrument.
36
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Chapter 3. Operation
3.4.1 Foundation Fieldbus Communications
Foundation Fieldbus provides a means of communicating with the flowmeter. The patent numbers which apply are
5,909,363 and 6,424,872.
This Foundation Fieldbus device supports two Analog Input (AI) blocks, which can be configured to supply the
following measurements on the network (see Table 14 on page 37).
Table 15: Available Measurements Using Foundation Fieldbus
Channel 1
Ch1 Velocity
Units
ft/s or m/s*
Channel 2
Ch2 Velocity
Units
ft/s or m/s*
Average
Avg Velocity
Units
ft/s or m/s*
Ch1 Act Volumetric
VOL_U
Ch2 Act Volumetric
VOL_U
Avg Act Volumetric
VOL_U
Ch1 Std Volumetric
VOL_U
Ch2 Std Volumetric
VOL_U
Avg Std Volumetric
VOL_U
Ch1 Fwd Totals
TOT_U
Ch2 Fwd Totals
TOT_U
Avg Fwd Totals
TOT_U
Ch1 Rev Totals
TOT_U
Ch2 Rev Totals
TOT_U
Avg Rev Totals
TOT_U
Ch2 #Tot Digits**
none
Avg #Tot Digits**
none
Ch1 #Tot Digits**
none
Ch1 Mass Flow
MASS_U
Ch2 Mass Flow
MASS_U
Avg Mass Flow
MASS_U
Ch1 Fwd Mass Totals
MTOT_U
Ch2 Fwd Mass Totals
MTOT_U
Avg Fwd Mass Totals
MTOT_U
Ch1 Rev Mass Totals
MTOT_U
Ch2 Rev Mass Totals
MTOT_U
Avg Rev Mass Totals
MTOT_U
Ch1 #Mass Tot Digits
none
Ch2 #Mass Tot Digits
none
Avg #Mass Tot Digits
none
Ch1 Timer
sec
Ch2 Timer
sec
Avg Timer
sec
Ch1 Error Code
none
Ch2 Error Code
none
Avg Error Code
none
Ch1 SSUP
none
Ch2 SSUP
none
Avg SSUP
none
Ch1 SSDN
none
Ch2 SSDN
none
Avg SSDN
none
Ch1 Sound Speed
Ch1 Density***
Ch1 Temperature
Ch1 Pressure
ft/s or m/s*
see note
Deg F or C*
PRESS_U
Ch2 Sound Speed
Ch2 Density***
Ch2 Temperature
Ch2 Pressure
ft/s or m/s*
Avg Sound Speed
ft/s or m/s*
see note
Deg F or C*
PRESS_U
*Metric or English units are determined by the setup of the flowmeter.
**Totalizer digits are available for informational purposes only. Respective totals are automatically scaled
by the Tot Digits value selected in the flowmeter setup.
***If the meter is outputting Mole Weight, the unit is “mw”, otherwise it is the programmed pressure unit.
VOL_U, TOT_U, MASS_U, MTOT_U and PRESS_U are determined by the units chosen for these measurements in the flowmeter setup. See the instrument User's Manual for the setup of these parameters.
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
37
Chapter 3. Operation
[no content intended for this page]
38
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Chapter 4. Specifications
Chapter 4.
Specifications
4.1 General Specifications
The general specifications for the Model DF868 flowmeter are divided into the following categories:
4.1.1 Hardware Configuration
4.1.1a
Package Options:
Epoxy-coated aluminum (standard), Stainless steel, Fiberglass, Explosion-proof
4.1.1b
Physical:
Size: 14.24  11.4  5.12 in. (36.2  29  13 cm)
Weight: 11 lb (5 kg)
4.1.2 Environmental
4.1.2a
Operating Temperature:
–4° to 131°F (–20° to 55°C)
4.1.2b
Storage Temperature:
–67° to 167°F (–55° to 75°C)
4.1.3 Flow Accuracy (Velocity)
±0.5% of reading achievable with process calibration
4.1.3a
Typical Clamp-On Flow Accuracy (Velocity)
Pipe Diameter (ID) > 6 in. (150 mm): ±1% to 2% of reading
Pipe Diameter (ID) < 6 in. (150 mm): ±2 to 5% of reading
4.1.3b
Typical Wetted Flow Accuracy:
of reading
Note:
Accuracy depends on pipe size, installation and whether measurement is one-path or two-path.
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
39
Chapter 4. Specifications
4.1.4 Range
4.1.4a
Transit-Time Mode:
–40 to 40 ft/s (–12.2 to 12.2 m/s)
4.1.4b
TransFlection Mode:
–1 to –30 ft/s (–0.3 to –9.1 m/s)
1 to 30 ft/s (0.3 to 9.1 m/s)
±1 to 15 ft/s (0.3 to 4.6 m/s)
4.1.5 Rangeability
4.1.5a
Transit-Time Mode:
400:1
4.1.5b
TransFlection Mode:
30 to 1
4.1.6 Repeatability
4.1.6a
Transit-Time Mode:
Wetted Transducers: ±0.2% of full scale.
Clamp-on Transducers: ±0.2 to 0.5% of full scale.
4.1.6b
TransFlection Mode:
Clamp-on Transducers: ±0.5% of full scale.
4.1.7 Energy Accuracy
The accuracy of the energy measurement is a combination of the accuracy of the associated flow and temperature
measurements.
4.1.7a
Transit-Time Mode:
1% of reading typical for calibrated systems.
4.1.7b
TransFlection Mode:
2% of reading typical for calibrated systems.
40
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Chapter 4. Specifications
4.1.8 Fluid Types
4.1.8a
Transit-Time Mode:
Acoustically conductive fluids, including most clean liquids and many with entrained solids or gas bubbles. Maximum
void fraction depends on transducer interrogation carrier frequency, path length and pipe configuration.
4.1.8b
TransFlection Mode:
Multiphase fluids, including raw sewage, sludge, slurries, tar sands, acoustically attenuating liquids and other
demanding applications.
4.2 Electrical Specifications
The electrical specifications for the Model DF868 flowmeter are divided into the following categories:
4.2.1 Power Supply
4.2.1a
Standard:
100 to 130 VAC, 50/60 Hz
200 to 265 VAC, 50/60 Hz
4.2.1b
Optional:
12 to 28 VDC, ±5%
4.2.2 Power Usage
20 W maximum
4.2.3 Operating Modes
4.2.3a
Flow Measurement:
Transit-Time for clamp-on or wetted transducers.
TransFlection for clamp-on transducers.
4.2.3b
Energy Measurement:
To calculate energy flow rate, use Analog Input Board for transmitters. Use RTD Input board for direct RTDs.
4.2.4 European Compliance
This unit complies with EMC Directive 2004/108/EC and 2006/95/EC Low Voltage Directive (Installation Category II,
Pollution Degree 2).
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
41
Chapter 4. Specifications
4.2.5 Hazardous (Classified) Location Compliance
4.2.5a
CENELEC:
ISSeP Ex 96D1031261, EEx d IIC T6 when housed GUB 6 enclosure.
4.2.5b
NEC:
Factory Mutual Research Corporation, J.K. 3Z9A1.AX, Class I, Division 2, Group A, B, C, D; Class II, division 2,
Group F, G; Class III, Division 2, TYPE 4X, Tamb 50° C T4
4.2.5c
CEC:
Canadian Standards Association, LR44204, Class I, Division 2, Group A, B, C, D; Class II, division 2, Group F, G;
Class III, Division 2, TYPE 4X, Tamb 50° C T4
Note: Refer to Certificate of Compliance for details.
4.2.6 Input/Output Specifications
4.2.6a
Keypad:
39-key membrane keypad with tactile feedback
4.2.6b
Display:
Both single- and dual-channel models have two independent software-configurable 64 x 128-pixel LCD graphic
displays
4.2.6c
Digital Interfaces:
Standard: RS232
Optional: RS485 (multiuser)
Modbus® RTU
Modbus TCP
OPC server
Ethernet
4.2.6d
Analog Input Options:
Select up to 3 boards of one of the following types:
Transmitter Input Board with two isolated 0/4-20 mA inputs and 24-V loop power.
RTD Input Board with two isolated 3-wire RTD inputs; Span –148° to 662°F (–100° to 350°C).
4.2.6e
Analog Output Options:
All meters come with two isolated 0/4–20 mA current outputs (550  maximum load).
Optional selection of up to 3 additional output boards, each with four isolated 0/4–20 mA outputs (1,000  max. load).
42
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Chapter 4. Specifications
4.2.6f
Totalizer/Frequency Output Options:
Select up to 3 Totalizer/Frequency Output Boards, each with four outputs per board, 10 kHz max.
All boards allow software-selectable functioning in two modes:
Totalizer Mode: one pulse per defined unit of parameter (e.g., 1 pulse/gal).
Frequency Mode: pulse frequency proportional to magnitude of parameter (e.g., 10 Hz = 1 gpm).
4.2.6g
Alarm Options:
Select up to 2 boards of one of the following types:
Basic Relay Board with three general purpose Form-C relays.
Hermetic Relay Board with three hermetically sealed Form-C relays.
Maximum Relay Ratings:
120 VAC AC Voltage, 28 VDC DV Voltage, 5A AC/DC Current,
60 VA AC Power, 30 W DC Power (General Purpose) or
56 W DC Power (Hermetically Sealed)
Note: A maximum of six input/output option boards may be installed.
4.3 Operational Specifications
The operational specifications for the Model DF868 flowmeter are divided into the following categories:
4.3.1 Site Parameter Programming
Menu-driven operator interface using keypad and “soft” function keys. Storage for 10 sites.
4.3.2 Data Logging
Keypad-programmable for setting up log units, update interval, start and stop times. Memory capacity for more than
43,000 flow data points in a linear or circular log.
4.3.3 Display Functions
Liquid crystal graphic display shows flow in numeric or graphic format. Also displays logged data and diagnostics.
4.3.4 Printer Signal Output
Supports wide variety of thermal and impact printers. Output data in numeric or graphic (“strip chart”) format.
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
43
Chapter 4. Specifications
4.4 Transducer Specifications
The transducer specifications for the Model DF868 flowmeter are divided into the following categories:
4.4.1 Wetted Ultrasonic Flow Transducers
4.4.1a
Temperature Range
Standard: –40° to 212°F (–40° to 100°C)
Optional: –310° to 1112°F (–190° to 600°C)
4.4.1b
Pressure Range
Standard: 0 to 3,000 psig (0.1013 to 20 MPa)
Optional: Higher pressures upon request.
4.4.1c
Materials
Standard: 316 stainless steel
Optional (for isolating Pan-Adapta Plugs): Titanium, Hastelloy®, PVC, PVDF and others.
4.4.1d
Process Connections
Standard: 1” NPTM or 3/8” NTPM
Optional: RF flanged, socket weld, fuse bond and others.
4.4.1e
Mounting
Spoolpiece, hot tap, cold tap.
4.4.1f
Area Classifications
Standard: General-purpose
Optional:
Explosion proof: Class I, Div. 1, Groups C & D; Class II, Groups E, F and G; Class III
Flameproof:
II 2 G EEx d IIC T6
Weatherproof: Type 4/IP65.
Submersible.
44
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Chapter 4. Specifications
4.4.2 Clamp-On Ultrasonic Flow Transducers
4.4.2a
Temperature Range
Standard: –40° to 300°F (–40° to 150°C)
Optional: –310° to 572°F (–190° to 300°C)
4.4.2b
Mounting
Stainless steel chain or strap, welded or magnetic clamping fixtures
4.4.2c
Area Classifications
Standard: General-purpose
Optional:
Explosion proof: Class I, Div. 1, Groups B, C & D; Class II, Groups E, F and G; Class III
Flameproof:
II 2 G EEx md IIC T6-T3.
Weatherproof: Type 4/IP65.
Submersible.
Note: Transducers, spoolpieces and clamping fixtures for special applications are available. Consult the factory for
details.
4.4.3 Temperature Transducers
Loop-powered, 3-wire platinum RTDs; clamp-on and wetted (thermowell) types are available. (RTD inputs must be
PT100 only.)
4.4.3a
Accuracy
0.15°, wetted RTDs (matched pairs).
4.4.3b
Range
–4 to 500°F (–20° to 260°C).
Note: Not all extremes of parameters can be achieved simultaneously.
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
45
Chapter 4. Specifications
4.5 Pipe Size & Materials
4.5.1 Wetted Transducers
4.5.1a
Materials
All metals and most plastics. (Consult the factory for concrete, glass and cement.)
4.5.1b
Pipe Sizes
Transit-Time Mode:
(ID) 1 to 200 in. (25.4 mm to 5 m) and larger.
4.5.2 Clamp-On Transducers
4.5.2a
Materials
All metals and most plastics. (Consult the factory for concrete, composite materials and highly corroded or lined pipes.)
4.5.2b
Pipe Sizes
[no content intended for this page]
Transit-Time Mode:
Outside diameter (OD) 0.5 to 300 in. (12.7 mm to 7.6 m) and larger.
TransFlection Mode:
Outside diameter (OD) 2 to 200 in. (5 cm to 5 m) and larger.
Pipe Wall Thickness
Up to 3 in. (76.2 mm)
4.6 PC Interface Software
PanaView™ software option links the DF868 to a PC. Software package includes CD and manual.
46
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Appendix A. CE Mark Compliance
Appendix A. CE Mark Compliance
A.1 Introduction
For CE Mark compliance, the Model DF868 flowmeter must be wired in accordance with the instructions in this
appendix.
IMPORTANT:
CE Mark compliance is required only for units intended for use in EEC countries.
A.2 Wiring
The Model DF868 must be wired with the recommended cable, and all connections must be properly shielded and
grounded. Refer to Table 15 for the specific requirements.
Table 16: Wiring Modifications
Connection
Transducer
Input/Output
Power
Shielding
Cable Type
Termination Modification
RG62 a/u
Add a metallic cable clamp from
the braid to the chassis ground.
Armored RG62 a/u or conduit
None - grounded using a cable
gland.
22 AWG shielded
(e.g. Baystate #78-1197)
Terminate the shield to the
chassis ground.
Armored conduit
None - grounded using a cable
gland.
14 AWG, 3 conductor, shielded
(e.g. Belden #19364)
An external ground to the
chassis is required.
Armored Conduit
None - grounded using a cable
gland.
For CE compliance, power and I/O cables must be shielded. Cables
to be terminated within a cable gland at the DF868. Shielded cable
is not required when installations include metal conduit.
A.3 External Grounding
For CE Mark compliance, the electronics enclosure and the transducer fixture must each have an external ground wire
attached.
Note:
If the Model DF868 is wired as described in this appendix, the unit will comply with the EMC Directive
89/336/EEC.
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
47
Appendix A.
[no content intended for this page]
48
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Appendix B. Data Records
Appendix B. Data Records
B.1 Option Cards Installed
Whenever an option card is installed in one of the Model DF868’s expansion slots, record the type of card and any
additional setup information in the appropriate row of Table 17.
Slot #
0
Table 17: Option Cards Installed
Type of Option Card
Additional Setup Information
Analog Outputs (A, B)
1
2
3
4
5
6
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
49
Appendix B. Data Records
B.2 Initial Setup Data
After the Model DF868 flowmeter has been installed, some initial setup data must be entered via the User Program,
prior to operation. Record that information in Table 18.
Model #
Software Vers.
System Units
Totalizer Option
Vol. Units
Error Handling
Meter Address
Channel Status
Table 18: Initial Setup Data
General Information
Serial #
Setup Date
GLOBL-SYSTM
English
Metric
Vol. Dec. Digits
Auto
Manual
Totalizer Units
Tot. Dec. Dig.
GLOBL-I/O-ERROR
2-Path Error
No
GLOBL-COMM
Baud Rate
CHx-ACTIVE
Channel 1
Channel 2 (if applicable)
Channel Status
Off1 Trans Tranfl
Off1 Trans
Yes
Tranfl
CHx-SYSTM
Channel 1
Channel 2 (if applicable)
Channel Label
Channel Label
Chan. Message2
Energy Option
Vol. Units
Vol. Dec. Digits
Totalizer Units
Tot. Dec. Dig.
Mass Flow
Mass Flow Time
MDOT Dec. Dig.
Mass Totals
Mass Dec. Digits
Power
Power Dec. Dig.
Energy (Total)
Energy Dec. Dig.
Heat. or Cool.
Flow Meas.
1not
50
On
Off
Chan. Message2
Energy Option
Vol. Units
Vol. Dec. Digits
Totalizer Units
Tot. Dec. Dig.
Mass Flow
Mass Flow Time
MDOT Dec. Dig.
Mass Totals
Mass Dec. Digits
Power
Power Dec. Dig.
Energy (Total)
Energy Dec. Dig.
Heat. or Cool.
Flow Meas.
On
Off
available for 1-Channel meter, 2”Site Message” for 1-Channel meter
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Appendix B. Data Records
Table 18: Initial Setup Data (cont.)
CHx-I/O
Zero Cutoff
Temp. Input
Fixed (
)
Live
Pipe/Transducer Parameters - PIPE
Channel 1
Channel 2 (if applicable)
Trans. Type
STD
SPEC
Trans. Type
STD
SPEC
Transducer #
Transducer #
Special Transducers
Special Transducers
Wedge Type
Rayl Shear Wettd
Wedge Type
Rayl Shear Wettd
Frequency Hz
Frequency Hz
Trans. Tw
Trans. Tw
Wedge Angle
Wedge Angle
Wedge Sndspd
Wedge Sndspd
Pipe Material
Pipe Material
All Clamp-On and Wetted Transducers
All Clamp-On and Wetted Transducers
Pipe O.D.
Pipe O.D.
Pipe Wall
Pipe Wall
Path Length (P)
Path Length (P)
Axial Length (L)
Axial Length (L)
Trans. Angle
Trans. Angle
Lining
Yes
No
Lining
Yes
No
Lining Material
Lining Material
Lining Sndspd
Lining Sndspd
Lining Thickness
Lining Thickness
Track. Window.
Yes
No
Track. Window.
Yes
No
Fluid Type
Fluid Type
Other/Sndspd
Other/Sndspd
% of Water
% of Water
Reynolds Corr.
Off
Active
Reynolds Corr.
Off
Active
KV Input Sel.
Table
Static
KV Input Sel.
Table
Static
Kin. Visc.
Kin. Visc.
Cal. Factor
Cal. Factor
# of Traverses
# of Traverses
Trans. Spacing
Trans. Spacing
Depth of Reflect.
Depth of Reflect.
CHx-SETUP-AVRG
Response Time
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
51
Appendix B. Data Records
Table 18: Initial Setup Data (cont.)
CHx-SETUP-ADVAN-KV/SS
#
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
KV/SS Pairs
Sig. Stren.
Custom Type
CstV
K-Factor Table
K-Factor #
Vel./Reyn.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
52
Kin. Visc.
KV/SS Pairs
Sig. Stren.
#
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
CHx-SETUP-ADVAN-MULTIK
CstR
Custom Type
CstV
K-Factor Table
K Factor
K-Factor #
Vel./Reyn.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Kin. Visc.
CstR
K Factor
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Appendix B. Data Records
Table 18: Initial Setup Data (cont.)
CHx-SETUP-ADVAN-MULTIK (cont.)
K-Factor Table
K-Factor #
Vel./Reyn.
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
K-Factor Table
K Factor
K-Factor #
Vel./Reyn.
K Factor
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
CHx-SETUP-ADVAN-MASS
Channel 1
Channel 2 (if applicable)
Mass Flow
No
Yes
Mass Flow
No
Yes
Static Density
Static Density
CHx-SETUP-ADVAN-CODEL
Code Length
Auto 1bit 2bit 4bit 11bit
Code Length
Auto 1bit 2bit 4bit 11bit
CHx-SETUP-ADVAN-ActTw
Active Tw
No
Yes
Active Tw
No
Yes
Minimum Tw
Minimum Tw
Maximum Tw
Maximum Tw
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
53
Appendix B.
[no content intended for this page]
54
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Appendix C. Optional Enclosures
Appendix C. Optional Enclosures
C.1 Introduction
Upon request the Model DF868 flowmeter may be supplied in an enclosure other than the standard Type-4X enclosure
described in Chapter 1, Installation, of this manual. Although the standard installation and wiring instructions still
apply in general terms, some of the details may vary for different enclosure types. Refer to the appropriate sections of
this appendix for the specific type of enclosure provided.
C.2 Rack Mount Enclosure
The Model DF868 flowmeter is available in a rack mount enclosure for installation in a standard 19” electronics rack.
Refer to Figure 9 on page 57 for the dimensions of this unit. Simply slide the Model DF868 into the rack at the desired
height and fasten the unit securely to the rack with four screws in the locations provided at the sides of the front panel.
After the unit has been physically mounted into the rack, proceed to the next section for instructions on wiring the
meter.
C.3 Rack Mount Wiring
The rack mount Model DF868 requires exactly the same electrical connections as the standard version. However, the
locations and type of connectors used for the various components are different. Refer to Figure 10 on page 58 and
complete the following steps:
1. Wire the power input on the right side of the rear panel as follows:
a. Make sure a fuse (item #4) of the proper size and type is installed.
b. Connect the female end of the line cord provided to the power input receptacle (item #3).
c. Connect the earth ground screw terminal (item #2) to a ground point on the rack.
2. Wire the transducers as follows:
a. Connect the pair of cables supplied with the meter to the Channel 1 upstream and downstream BNC transducer
connectors on the left side of the rear panel.
b. For a 2-Channel meter, repeat the above step for the Channel 2 transducer connectors (if the second channel is to
be used).
c. Complete the transducer wiring in accordance with the instructions in Chapter 1, Installation, of this manual.
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
55
Appendix C. Optional Enclosures
C.3 Rack Mount Wiring (cont.)
3. Wire the 0/4-20 mA analog outputs at the left side of the rear panel in accordance with the instructions in Chapter
1, Installation, of this manual.
4. Wire the RS232 serial port by completing the following steps:
a. Purchase or prepare a suitable serial cable. This cable should have a standard female DB9 connector, wired as
shown in Figure 10 on page 58, for connection to the rear panel of the Model DF868. The other end should be as
required for the external device.
b. Complete the serial port wiring in accordance with the instructions in Chapter 1, Installation, of this manual.
5. Wire any installed option cards using the same procedures described in Chapter 1, Installation, of this manual and
the pin # assignments shown in Figure 10 on page 58.
6. Place the power switch (item #1) in the ON position.
The Model DF868 is now completely wired. Proceed to Chapter 2, Initial Setup, of this manual for further instructions.
C.4 Rack Mount Front Panel
The keypad and LCD display for the rack mount Model DF868 are located on the front panel. These items are identical
in form and function to those used on the standard Type-4X enclosure, but the layout is somewhat different.
Refer to Figure 11 on page 59 for the front panel layout of the rack mount Model DF868 and follow the standard
procedures detailed in the main body of this manual.
56
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Appendix C. Optional Enclosures
USE O NLY W ITH A 250V FUSE
A / OUT
ALARMS
A / IN
RTD IN
16.99 (432)
11.82
(300)
11.37
(289)
13.13
(333)
15.70 (399)
3.31 (84)
2.25
(57)
Figure 15: Model DF868 Rack Mount Enclosure (ref. dwg #712-1078)
14.83 (377)
4.19 (106)
5.22
(133)
DF868
18.25 (464)
19.00 (483)
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
57
REAR-VIEW DC OPTION
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Figure 16: Model DF868 Rack Mount Enclosure - Wiring Diagram
Appendix C. Optional Enclosures
58
Figure 17: Model DF868 Rack Mount Enclosure - Front Panel Layout
Appendix C. Optional Enclosures
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
59
Appendix D. Measuring P and L Dimensions
Appendix D. Measuring P and L Dimensions
D.1 Measuring P and L
If you are using wetted transducers, the DF868 requires you to enter the path length (P) and the axial dimension (L). P
is the transducer face-to-face distance, and L is the axial projection of P in the flow stream.
To determine L, physically measure the distance between the center of the transducer ports at the inside wall as shown
in Figure 12, if possible. If not, consult the factory.
Figure 18: Top View of 180° Transducer Installation
To determine P, you need the following:
•
the pipe inside diameter (ID)
•
the wall thickness (WT)
•
the installed pipe coupling length (CL)
•
the transducers face depth (FD)
•
the mounting angle (MA)
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
61
Appendix D. Measuring P and L Dimensions
D.1 Measuring P and L (cont.)
Use Figure 13 to properly measure the coupling length. Typically, the transducer face is positioned just outside the
inside diameter (ID) of the pipe, or slightly retracted inside the coupling.
Figure 19: Determining the Pipe Coupling Length
Use the following formula to determine the P dimension:
[ID + 2(WT)]/(cos MA) = 2 (CL–FD) = P dimension
For example, given the following:
•
inside diameter (ID) = 48”
•
wall thickness (WT) = 3/8”
•
installed coupling length (CL) = 2.0”
•
a transducer face depth (FD) = 1.75”
•
mounting angle (MA) = 45°
The P dimension would be: [48 + 2(3/8)]/(0.7071) + 2(2.0–1.75) = 69.4”
62
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Index
A
D
Abbreviations, Volumetric Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
ACTIV Submenu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Alarms Option Card
Connecting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Fail-Safe Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Relay Ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Analog Inputs Option Card
Connecting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Pin Assignments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Rating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Analog Outputs (Slot 0)
Connecting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Analog Outputs Option Card
Connecting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Dimensions
Bench Mount . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16, 60
Rack Mount. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15, 57, 59
Display
Channel Mode Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Locator Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Locator Bar Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Measurement Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Option Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Parameter Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Pointer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Prompt Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Selecting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Using . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
B
Bench Mount
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16, 60
Outline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16, 60
C
Cable
Serial Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Transducers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2, 3
CE Mark Compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1, 47
Connecting
See Part Name
Connectors, Electrical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
E
Electrical Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Electronics Console
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Ethernet, Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
F
Fieldbus Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Connections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Flowcell
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Installing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Foundation Fieldbus
Available Measurements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Function Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
I
Information Paragraphs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
Initial Setup
Data Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Minimum Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Input Voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Internal Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
63
Index
L
Lightning Protector, Connecting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Locator Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
LVD Shroud . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
LVD Statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
M
Mass Flow Units
Available Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Setting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Measurements
Displaying . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33, 35
Parameter Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Taking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33, 35
MODBUS Option Card, Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
MODBUS/TCP, Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
O
Option Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Option Card
Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Analog Inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Analog Outputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
RTD Inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Setup Information Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Totalizer/Frequency Outputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Outline
Bench Mount . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16, 60
Rack Mount . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15, 57, 59
64
P
Parameter Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Path Length, Programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
PC Interface Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Pipe Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Pipe OD, Programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Pipe Sizes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
PIPE Submenu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Pipe Wall, Programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Pointer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Power
Connecting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Terminal Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Powering Up
Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Internal Checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Pressure Transmitter
Installing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Prompt Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
R
Rack Mount
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15, 57, 59
Front Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Outline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15, 57, 59
Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Return Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
RS232 Port
See Serial Port
RS485 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
RTD Inputs Option Card, Connecting . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
RTD Temperature Transmitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Index
S
T (cont.)
Safety
Auxiliary Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
General Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
Personal Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
SAVE Submenu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Screen, Selecting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Security Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Serial Port
Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Connecting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Pin Assignments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Shroud
LVD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Plastic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Slot 0
See Analog Outputs (Slot 0)
Specifications
Electrical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Operational . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Pipe Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Pipe Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Transducer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Symbols, Locator Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
System Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
SYSTM Submenu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Transducers
Axial Dimension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Bias 90° Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2, 3
Installation Angle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Path Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Transmitter
See Temperature or Pressure Transmitter
T
W
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Temperature Transmitter
Installing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
RTD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Terminal Block
Analog Outputs - I/O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Power - TB1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Serial Port - RS232 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Transducers - CH1/CH2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Totalizer/Frequency Option Card
Connecting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
U
Unpacking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
User Program
ACTIV Submenu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Entering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Exiting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Navigating. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
PIPE Submenu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
SAVE Submenu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
SYSTM Submenu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
V
Voltage, Input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Volumetric Units
Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Selecting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Table of Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Wiring
CE Mark Compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Foundation Fieldbus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Option Card. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See Card Name
Terminal Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See Block Name
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
65
Index
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66
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
Warranty
Warranty
Each instrument manufactured by GE Sensing is warranted to be free from defects in material and workmanship.
Liability under this warranty is limited to restoring the instrument to normal operation or replacing the instrument, at
the sole discretion of GE Sensing. Fuses and batteries are specifically excluded from any liability. This warranty is
effective from the date of delivery to the original purchaser. If GE Sensing determines that the equipment was
defective, the warranty period is:
•
one year from delivery for electronic or mechanical failures
•
one year from delivery for sensor shelf life
If GE Sensing determines that the equipment was damaged by misuse, improper installation, the use of unauthorized
replacement parts, or operating conditions outside the guidelines specified by GE Sensing, the repairs are not covered
under this warranty.
The warranties set forth herein are exclusive and are in lieu of all other warranties whether
statutory, express or implied (including warranties or merchantability and fitness for a
particular purpose, and warranties arising from course of dealing or usage or trade).
Return Policy
If a GE Sensing instrument malfunctions within the warranty period, the following procedure must be completed:
1. Notify GE Sensing, giving full details of the problem, and provide the model number and serial number of the
instrument. If the nature of the problem indicates the need for factory service, GE Sensing will issue a RETURN
AUTHORIZATION NUMBER (RAN), and shipping instructions for the return of the instrument to a service
center will be provided.
2. If GE Sensing instructs you to send your instrument to a service center, it must be shipped prepaid to the authorized
repair station indicated in the shipping instructions.
3. Upon receipt, GE Sensing will evaluate the instrument to determine the cause of the malfunction.
Then, one of the following courses of action will then be taken:
•
If the damage is covered under the terms of the warranty, the instrument will be repaired at no cost to the owner and
returned.
•
If GE Sensing determines that the damage is not covered under the terms of the warranty, or if the warranty has
expired, an estimate for the cost of the repairs at standard rates will be provided. Upon receipt of the owner’s
approval to proceed, the instrument will be repaired and returned.
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
67
Warranty
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68
DigitalFlow™ Multipurpose Ultrasonic Liquid Flowmeter Startup Guide (1- and 2-Channel)
GE
Sensing
DECLARATION
OF
CONFORMITY
DOC-0013, Rev. A
GE Sensing
1100 Technology Park Drive
Billerica, MA 01821
USA
We,
declare under our sole responsibility that the
DigitalFlow™ DF8688 Liquid Ultrasonic Flowmeter
DigitalFlow™ GC868 Clamp-On Gas Ultrasonic Flowmeter
DigitalFlow™ GF868 Flare Gas Mass Ultrasonic Flowmeter
DigitalFlow™ GM868 General-Purpose Gas Ultrasonic Flowmeter
DigitalFlow™ GS868 Steam Mass Ultrasonic Flowmeter
to which this declaration relates, are in conformity with the following standards:
• EN 60079-0: 2007
• EN 60079-1: 2004
• EN50281-1-1: 1998
• II 2 G EEx d IIC T6: ISSeP03ATEX113 (ISSeP, B7340 Colfontaine, Belgium - NoBo 492)
• EN 61326-1: 2006, Class A, Table 2, Industrial Locations
• EN 61326-2-3: 2006
• EN 61010-1: 2001, Overvoltage Category II, Pollution Degree 2
Other standards Used:
• EN 50014: 1997 +A1, A2
• EN 50018: 2000 +A1
following the provisions of the 2004/108/EC EMC, 2006/95/EC Low Voltage and 94/9/EC ATEX Directives.
Where products were initially assessed for compliance with the Essential Health and Safety Requirements of the
ATEX Directive 94/9/EC using earlier harmonized standards, a subsequent review has determined that “technical
knowledge” is unaffected by the current harmonized standards listed above.
The unit listed above and any ancillary equipment supplied with it do not bear CE marking for the Pressure
Equipment Directive, as they are supplied in accordance with Article 3, Section 3 (sound engineering practices and
codes of good workmanship) of the Pressure Equipment Directive 97/23/EC for DN<25.
Billerica - August 2010
Issued
Mr. Gary Kozinski
Certification & Standards, Lead Engineer
Customer Support Centers
U.S.A.
The Boston Center
1100 Technology Park Drive
Billerica, MA 01821
U.S.A.
Tel: 800 833 9438 (toll-free)
978 437 1000
E-mail: sensing@ge.com
Ireland
Sensing House
Shannon Free Zone East
Shannon, County Clare
Ireland
Tel: +353 61 61470291
E-mail: gesensingsnnservices@ge.com
An ISO 9001:2008 Certified Company
www.ge-mcs.com/en/about-us/quality.html
www.ge-mcs.com
©2011 General Electric Company. All rights reserved.
Technical content subject to change without notice.
910-176U Rev. E
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