100269135
Instruction Manual
COMMERCIAL ELECTRIC WATER HEATERS
MODEL EDT802ORT Series 200
INSTALLATION - OPERATION - SERVICE
- MAINTENANCE - LIMITED WARRANTY
500 Tennessee Waltz Parkway
Ashland City, TN 37015
®
Thank you for buying this energy efficient water heater.
We appreciate your confidence in our products.
PLACE THESE INSTRUCTIONS ADJACENT TO HEATER AND NOTIFY OWNER TO KEEP FOR FUTURE REFERENCE.
PRINTED 1215
1
100269135
SAFE INSTALLATION, USE, AND SERVICE
The proper installation, use and servicing of this water heater is extremely important to your safety and the safety of others.
Many safety-related messages and instructions have been provided in this manual and on your own water heater to warn you and
others of a potential injury hazard. Read and obey all safety messages and instructions throughout this manual. It is very important
that the meaning of each safety message is understood by you and others who install, use, or service this water heater.
This is the safety alert symbol. It is used to alert you
to potential personal injury hazards. Obey all safety
messages that follow this symbol to avoid possible
injury or death.
DANGER
DANGER indicates an imminently hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, will result in
death or injury.
WARNING
WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could result
in death or injury.
CAUTION
CAUTION
CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could result
in minor or moderate injury.
CAUTION used without the safety alert
symbol indicates a potentially hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could result
in property damage.
All safety messages will generally tell you about the type of hazard, what can happen if you do not follow the safety message, and
how to avoid the risk of injury.
IMPORTANT DEFINITIONS
• Qualified Installer or Service Agency:
Installation and service of this water heater requires ability equivalent to that of a Qualified Agency (as defined by ANSI below) in the
field involved. Installation skills such as plumbing, electrical supply are required in addition to electrical testing skills when performing
service.
• ANSI Z223.1 2006 Sec. 3.3.83:
“Qualified Agency” - “Any individual, firm, corporation or company that either in person or through a representative is engaged in and is
responsible for (a) the installation, testing or replacement of gas piping or (b) the connection, installation, testing, repair or servicing of
appliances and equipment; that is experienced in such work; that is familiar with all precautions required; and that has complied with all
the requirements of the authority having jurisdiction.”
2
GENERAL SAFETY INFORMATION
PRECAUTIONS
HYDROGEN GAS (FLAMMABLE)
DO NOT USE THIS WATER HEATER IF ANY PART HAS BEEN
EXPOSED TO FLOODING OR WATER DAMAGE. Immediately
call a qualified service technician to inspect the water heater and to
replace any part of the control system which has been under water.
If the unit is exposed to the following, do not operate heater until all
corrective steps have been made by a qualified service technician.
1. External fire.
2. Damage.
3. Firing without water.
GROUNDING INSTRUCTIONS
This water heater must be grounded in accordance with the
National Electrical Code and/or local codes. These must be
followed in all cases. Failure to ground this water heater properly
may also cause erratic control system operation on ELECTRONIC
CONTROL models.
Hydrogen gas can be produced in a hot water system served by this
heater that has not been used for a long period of time (generally two
weeks or more). Hydrogen gas is extremely flammable. To reduce the
risk of injury under these conditions, it is recommended that the hot water
faucet be opened for several minutes at the kitchen sink before using any
electrical appliance connected to the hot water system. If hydrogen is present
there will probably be an unusual sound such as air escaping through the
pipe as the water begins to flow. THERE SHOULD BE NO SMOKING
OR OPEN FLAME NEAR THE FAUCET AT THE TIME IT IS OPEN.
This water heater must be connected to a grounded metal, permanent
wiring system; or an equipment grounding conductor must be run with
the circuit conductors and connected to the equipment grounding
terminal or lead on the water heater.
When servicing this unit, verify the power to the unit is turned off prior to opening the control cabinet door.
CAUTION
Improper installation, use and service may
result in property damage.
•
•
•
•
•
Do not operate water heater if any part has been
exposed to flooding or water damage.
Inspect anode rods regularly, replace when significantly depleted.
Install in location with drainage.
Fill tank with water before operation.
Properly sized thermal expansion tanks are required on all
closed water systems.
Refer to this manual for installation and service.
3
TABLE OF CONTENTS
ELECTRICAL.......................................................................................11
General.........................................................................................11
Branch Circuit...............................................................................11
Calculating Amperage/Overcurrent Protection.............................11
WIRING DIAGRAMS........................................................................... 12
OPERATION........................................................................................ 13
General........................................................................................ 13
Filling the Water Heater............................................................... 13
Initial Start Up.............................................................................. 13
Draining the Water Heater........................................................... 13
TEMPERATURE REGULATION......................................................... 14
Temperature Adjustment............................................................. 14
MAINTENANCE.................................................................................. 15
General........................................................................................ 15
Anode Rod Inspection................................................................. 15
TROUBLESHOOTING CHECKLIST................................................... 16
Checklist...................................................................................... 16
Leakage Checkpoints.................................................................. 17
WARRANTY........................................................................................ 18
Repair Parts List.......................................................................... 19
NOTES................................................................................................ 21
SAFE INSTALLATION, USE, AND SERVICE....................................... 2
GENERAL SAFETY INFORMATION..................................................... 3
Precautions................................................................................... 3
Hydrogen Gas (Flammable).......................................................... 3
INTRODUCTION................................................................................... 4
Preparing for the Installation......................................................... 4
DIMENSIONS AND CAPACITIES DATA............................................... 5
APPROVALS......................................................................................... 6
MODEL AND RATING........................................................................... 6
FEATURES AND COMPONENTS........................................................ 7
LOCATING THE NEW WATER HEATER.............................................. 8
Facts to Consider About the Location........................................... 8
Clearances.................................................................................... 8
INSTALLATION..................................................................................... 9
Required Ability............................................................................. 9
General.......................................................................................... 9
Contaminated Water...................................................................... 9
Circulating Pump........................................................................... 9
Insulation Blankets........................................................................ 9
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve............................................... 9
Closed Water Systems................................................................ 10
Thermal Expansion..................................................................... 10
INTRODUCTION
Be sure to turn off power when working on or near the
electrical system of the heater. Never touch electrical
components with wet hands or when standing in water.
When replacing fuses always use the correct size for the
circuit. see page 11.
Thank You for purchasing this water heater. Properly installed
and maintained, it should give you years of trouble free service.
Abbreviations Found In This Instruction Manual:
• ANSI - American National Standards Institute
• AHRI - Air-Conditioning, Heating and Refrigeration Institute
• NEC - National Electrical Code
• NFPA - National Fire Protection Association
• UL - Underwriters Laboratory
The model and rating plates on page 6 interprets certain
markings into useful information. Both of these references should
be used to identify the heater, its components and optional
equipment.
PREPARING FOR THE INSTALLATION
2. The installation must conform with these instructions and the
local code authority having jurisdiction and the requirements
of the power company. In the absence of local codes, the
installation must comply with the latest editions of the National
Electrical Code, NFPA 70 or the Canadian Electrical Code CSA
C22.1. The National Electrical Code may be ordered from:
National Fire Protection Association, 1 Batterymarch Park,
Quincy, MA 02269. The Canadian Electrical Code is available
from the Canadian Standards Association, 8501 East Pleasant
Valley Road, Cleveland, OH 44131.
3. If after reading this manual you have any questions or do not
understand any portion of the instructions, call the toll free
number listed on the back cover of this manual for technical
assistance.
1. Read the “General Safety Information” section of this manual
first and then the entire manual carefully. If you don’t follow
the safety rules, the water heater may not operate safely. It
could cause DEATH, SERIOUS BODILY INJURY AND/OR
PROPERTY DAMAGE.
A sample rating plate is shown on page 6 of this manual. In
order to expedite your request, please have full model and serial
number available for the technician.
4. Carefully plan your intended placement of the water heater.
Examine the location to ensure the water heater complies with
the “Locating the New Water Heater” section in this manual.
This manual contains instructions for the installation, operation,
and maintenance of the electric water heater. It also contains
warnings throughout the manual that you must read and be
aware of. All warnings and all instructions are essential to the
proper operation of the water heater and your safety. READ
THE ENTIRE MANUAL BEFORE ATTEMPTING TO INSTALL
OR OPERATE THE WATER HEATER.
4
Installation and service of this water heater requires ability
equivalent to that of a licensed tradesman or qualified agency
(page 2) in the field involved. Plumbing and electrical work
are required.
DIMENSIONS AND CAPACITIES DATA
ANODE
ROD
HOT
CONNECTION
COLD
CONNECTION
8"
C
A
B
Figure 1
TABLE 1 - ROUGH-IN DIMENSIONS
Tank Capacity
A
B
Approx.
Shipping Weight
C
US Gals.
Litres
inches
cm
inches
cm
inches
cm
Lbs.
Kg.
80
303
63 1/2
161
56
142
24
61
210
95.25
TABLE 2 - RECOVERY CAPACITIES
Element
INPUT
Wattage
KW
(Upper/Lower)
NON-SIMULATANEOUS
/1500
1.5
/2000
2.0
/2500
2.5
3000/3000
3.0
4000/4000
4.0
4500/4500
4.5
5000/5000
5.0
6000/6000
6.0
SIMULATANEOUS OPERATION
3000/3000
6
4000/4000
8
4500/4500
9
5000/5000
10
6000/6000
12
U.S. Gallons/Hr and Litres/Hr at TEMPERATURE RISE INDICATED
40F°
54F°
60F°
72F°
80F°
90F°
100F°
108F°
22.2C°
30C° 33.3C° 40C°
44.4C°
50C°
55.5C°
60C°
F°
C°
36F°
20C°
GPH
LPH
GPH
LPH
GPH
LPH
GPH
LPH
GPH
LPH
GPH
LPH
GPH
LPH
GPH
LPH
17
64
23
85
28
107
34
128
45
170
51
192
56
213
68
256
15
58
20
77
25
96
30
115
41
153
46
173
51
192
61
230
11
43
15
57
19
71
23
85
30
114
34
128
38
142
45
170
10
38
14
51
17
64
20
77
27
102
30
115
34
128
41
153
8
32
11
43
14
53
17
64
23
85
25
96
28
107
34
128
8
29
10
38
13
48
15
58
20
77
23
86
25
96
30
115
7
26
9
34
11
43
14
51
18
68
20
77
23
85
27
102
6
23
8
31
10
38
12
46
16
61
18
69
20
77
24
92
GPH
LPH
GPH
LPH
GPH
LPH
GPH
LPH
GPH
LPH
68
256
90
341
101
384
113
426
135
511
61
230
81
307
91
345
101
384
122
460
45
170
60
227
68
256
75
284
90
341
41
153
54
205
61
230
68
256
81
307
34
128
45
170
51
192
56
213
68
256
30
115
41
153
46
173
51
192
61
230
27
102
36
136
41
153
45
170
54
205
24
92
32
123
36
138
41
153
49
184
120F°
66.6C°
126F°
70C°
6
21
8
28
9
36
11
43
15
57
17
64
19
71
23
85
5
19
7
26
8
32
10
38
14
51
15
58
17
64
20
77
5
18
6
24
8
30
10
37
13
49
14
55
16
61
19
73
23
85
30
114
34
128
38
142
45
170
20
77
27
102
30
115
34
128
41
153
19
73
26
97
29
110
32
122
39
146
Recovery capacities at 100° F rise equal: for non-simultaneous element operation = 4.1 gal. x KW of one element; for simultaneous element operation = 4.1 gal. x 2/3 KW of
both elements. For other rises multiply element KW as previously explained by 410 and divide by temperature rise. Full load current for single phase = total watts : voltage.
5
APPROVALS
®
All models are listed by
Underwriters Laboratories Inc.
MODEL AND RATING
COMMERCIAL STORAGE
TANK WATER HEATER
LLC
22U1
SERIAL NUMBER
MODEL NUMBER
VOLTS - AC
PHASE
WATTS
UPPER
TOTAL WATTS CONNECTED
INTERLOCK
SIMULTANEOUS
1 PH
3 PH
1 PH / 3 PH
WATTS
LOWER
CIRCUIT
CAPACITY US GAL
RATED
MEASURED
6
MAX WORKING
PRESSURE PSI
STANDBY LOSS
WATTS
%
ITEM ID / PART NUMBER
FEATURES AND COMPONENTS
ANODE
COLD
ELECTRICAL
JUNCTION BOX
(ACCESS PANEL)
ACCESS
PANELS
DRAIN VALVE
INSTALL SUITABLE DRAIN PANS UNDER WATER HEATERS
TO PREVENT DAMAGE DUE TO LEAKAGE. REFER TO WATER
HEATER LOCATION ON PAGE 8.
I N S TA L L T H E R M A L
E X PA N S I O N TA N K
IF CHECK VALVE OR
PRESSURE REDUCING
VA LV E I S U S E D I N
SUPPLY LINE.
INSTALL VACUUM RELIEF
IN COLD WATER INLET
LINE AS REQUIRED BY
LOCAL CODES.
Figure 2
7
LOCATING THE NEW WATER HEATER
FACTS TO CONSIDER ABOUT THE LOCATION
Water heater life depends upon water quality, water pressure
and the environment in which the water heater is installed. Water
heaters are sometimes installed in locations where leakage may
result in property damage, even with the use of a drain pan piped
to a drain. However, unanticipated damage can be reduced or
prevented by a leak detector or water shut-off device used in
conjunction with a piped drain pan. These devices are available
from some plumbing supply wholesalers and retailers, and detect
and react to leakage in various ways:
• Sensors mounted in the drain pan that trigger an alarm or turn
off the incoming water to the water heater when leakage is
detected.
The water heater should be located as close as possible
to/or centralized to the water piping system. The water
heater should be located in an area not subject to freezing
temperatures.
• Sensors mounted in the drain pan that turn off the water
supply to the entire home when water is detected in the
drain pan.
• Water supply shut-off devices that activate based on the water
pressure differential between the cold water and how water
pipes connected to the water heater.
The water heater should be located in an area where leakage
of the tank or connections will not result in damage to the area
adjacent to the heater or to lower floors of the structure.
When such locations cannot be avoided, a suitable drain pan
should be installed under the heater.
• Devices that will turn off the gas supply to a gas water heater
while at the same time shutting off its water supply.
Such pans should be at least two inches deep, have a
minimum length and width of at least two inches greater
than the diameter of the heater and should be piped to an
adequate drain.
CLEARANCES
Drain pans suitable for these water heaters are available from
your distributor or A.O. Smith Water Heater Parts Fulfillment,
125 Southeast Parkway, Franklin, TN 37068.
Adequate clearance for servicing this water heater should
be considered before installation, such as changing the
anodes, etc.
A minimum clearance of 4” must be allowed for access to
replaceable parts such as thermostats, drain valve and
relief valve.
8
INSTALLATION
REQUIRED ABILITY
CONTAMINATED WATER
Installation and service of this water heater requires ability equivalent
to that of a qualified installer or service agency (page 2) in the
field involved. Plumbing and electrical work is required.
This water heater shall not be connected to any heating system(s)
or component(s) used with a non-potable water heating appliance.
Toxic chemicals, such as those used for boiler treatment shall not
be introduced into this system.
GENERAL
The installation must conform with these instructions and the local
code authority having jurisdiction and the requirements of the power
company. In the absence of local codes, the installation must comply
with the latest editions of the National Electrical Code, NFPA 70 or
the Canadian Electrical Code CSA C22.1. The National Electrical
Code may be ordered from: National Fire Protection Association,
1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269. The Canadian Electrical
Code is available from the Canadian Standards Association, 8501
East Pleasant Valley Road, Cleveland, OH 44131.
CIRCULATING PUMP
Field installed circulating pumps should be of all bronze
construction.
INSULATION BLANKETS
Insulation blankets are available to the general public for
external use on electric water heaters but are not necessary with
this product. The purpose of an insulation blanket is to reduce
the standby heat loss encountered with storage tank heaters.
Your water heater meets or exceeds the EPACT and ASHRAE/
IES 90.1 standards with respect to insulation and standby loss
requirements, making an insulation blanket unnecessary.
Do NOT test electrical system before heater is filled with water, follow
the START UP procedure in the OPERATION section of this manual.
The principal components of the heater are identified in the
Features and Components illustrations on page 7.
Should you choose to apply an insulation blanket to this heater,
you should follow these instructions below. Failure to follow
these instructions can result in fire, serious personal injury,
or death.
• Do not cover the temperature and pressure relief (T & P) valve
with an insulation blanket.
• Do not cover the instruction manual. Keep it on the side of the
water heater or nearby for future reference.
• Do obtain new warning and instruction labels for placement on
the blanket directly over the existing labels.
TEMPERATURE-PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
MIXING VALVE USAGE:
Water heaters are intended to produce hot water. Water heated to
a temperature which will satisfy space heating, clothes washing,
dish washing, cleaning and other sanitizing needs can scald and
permanently injure you upon contact. Some people are more likely
to be permanently injured by hot water than others. These include
the elderly, children, the infirm, or physically/developmentally
disabled. If anyone using hot water in your home fits into one of
these groups or if there is a local code or state law requiring a
maximum water temperature at the hot water tap, then you must
take special precautions. In addition to using the lowest possible
temperature setting that satisfies your hot water needs, a means
such as a MIXING VALVE, should be used at the hot water taps
used by these people or at the water heater.
MIXING VALVES for reducing point of use temperature are available
and are to be set at a maximum of 125 degree F. Consult a qualified
installer or service agency. Follow all manufacturer’s Instructions
for installation of these valves. Before changing the factory setting
on the thermostat, read the “Temperature Regulation” section in
this manual.
This water heater is provided with a properly rated/sized and
certified combination temperature - pressure relief valve by the
manufacturer. The valve is certified by a nationally recognized
testing laboratory that maintains periodic inspection of production
of listed equipment of materials as meeting the requirements for
Relief Valves for Hot Water Supply Systems, ANSI Z21.22 • CSA
4.4, and the code requirements of ASME.
If replaced, the new valve must meet the requirements of local
codes, but not less than a combination temperature and pressure
relief valve rated/sized and certified as indicated in the above
9
paragraph. The new valve must be marked with a maximum set
pressure not to exceed the marked hydrostatic working pressure
of the water heater (150 psi = 1,035 kPa) and a discharge capacity
not less than the water heater Btu/hr or KW input rate as shown on
the water heater’s model rating plate.
For safe operation of the water heater, the temperature and pressure
relief valve must not be removed from its designated opening nor
plugged. The temperature-pressure relief valve must be installed
directly into the fitting of the water heater designed for the relief valve.
Install discharge piping so that any discharge will exit only within 6
inches (15.2 cm) above, or at any distance below the structural floor.
Be certain that no contact is made with any live electrical part. The
discharge opening must not be blocked or reduced in size under
any circumstances. Excessive length, over 30 feet (9.14 m), or
use of more than four elbows can cause restriction and reduce the
discharge capacity of the valve.
The temperature-pressure relief valve must be manually operated
at least once a year. Caution should be taken to ensure that (1) no
one is in front of or around the outlet of the temperature-pressure
relief valve discharge line, and (2) the water manually discharged
can cause bodily injury or property damage because the water
may be extremely hot. If after manually operating the valve, it fails
to completely reset and continues to release water, immediately
close the cold water inlet to the water heater, follow the draining
instructions in this manual, and replace the temperature-pressure
relief valve with a properly rated/sized new one.
No valve or other obstruction is to be placed between the relief valve
and the tank. Do not connect discharge piping directly to the drain
unless a 6” (15.2 cm) air gap is provided. To prevent bodily injury,
hazard to life, or property damage, the relief valve must be allowed
to discharge water in adequate quantities should circumstances
demand. If the discharge pipe is not connected to a drain or other
suitable means, the water flow may cause property damage.
If you do not understand these instructions or have any questions
regarding the temperature-pressure relief valve call the toll free
number listed on the back cover of this manual for technical assistance.
CLOSED WATER SYSTEMS
Water supply systems may, because of code requirements or such
conditions as high line pressure, among others, have installed
devices such as pressure reducing valves, check valves, and back
flow preventers. Devices such as these cause the water system to
be a closed system.
THERMAL EXPANSION
As water is heated, it expands (thermal expansion). In a closed system
the volume of water will grow when it is heated. As the volume of
water grows there will be a corresponding increase in water pressure
due to thermal expansion. Thermal expansion can cause premature
tank failure (leakage). This type of failure is not covered under the
limited warranty. Thermal expansion can also cause intermittent
temperature-pressure relief valve operation: water discharged from
the valve due to excessive pressure build up. This condition is not
covered under the limited warranty. The temperature-pressure relief
valve is not intended for the constant relief of thermal expansion.
The Discharge Pipe:
• Shall not be smaller in size than the outlet pipe size of the valve, or
have any reducing couplings or other restrictions.
• Shall not be plugged or blocked.
• Shall be of material listed for hot water distribution.
• Shall be installed so as to allow complete drainage of both the
temperature-pressure relief valve and the discharge pipe.
• Must terminate a maximum of six inches above a floor drain or
external to the building. In cold climates, it is recommended that the
discharge pipe be terminated at an adequate drain inside the building.
• Shall not have any valve or other obstruction between the relief
valve and the drain.
A properly sized thermal expansion tank should be installed on all
closed systems to control the harmful effects of thermal expansion.
Contact a local plumbing service agency to have a thermal expansion
tank installed.
10
ELECTRICAL
This is an example of calculating heater amperage for both types
of element operation. From this, the branch circuit conductor and
overcurrent protection sizing can be established.
The example (T-4) is of a single-phase 240 volt unit with two, 3 kw
elements. Check the water heater model and rating plate for actual
specifications and substitute those values in the following.
TABLE 3
Non-simultaneous:
Simultaneous:
(T6 - Circuit)
(T4 - Circuit)
3000 ÷ 240 = 12.5 amps*
6000 ÷ 240 = 25 amps*
*NOTE: as a single-phase non- * N O T E : a s a s i n g l e - p h a s e
simultaneous unit.
simultaneous unit.
GENERAL
The rating of the overcurrent protection should be computed on the
basis of 125 percent of the total connected load amperage. Where the
standard ratings and settings do not correspond with this computation,
the next higher standard rating or setting should be selected.
The installation must conform with these instructions and the local
code authority having jurisdiction and the requirements of the power
company. In the absence of local codes, the installation must comply
with the current editions of the National Electrical Code, NFPA 70 or
the Canadian Electrical Code CSA C22.1.
Portion of Table 310-16 (NFPA-70) follows:
Allowable Ampacities of Insulated Copper Conductors. Not more
than three conductors in Raceway or Cable or Direct Burial (Based
on Ambient Temperature of 30° C, 86° F).
An electrical ground is required to reduce risk of electrical shock
or possible electrocution. The water heater should be connected
to a separate grounded branch circuit with over-current protection
and disconnect switch. The water heater should be grounded in
accordance with national and local codes.
These ampacities relate only to conductors described in Table
310-16 in Code.
For ambient temperatures over 30° C (86° F), see Correction
Factors, Note 13 in Code.
Voltage applied to the heater should not vary more than +5% to -10%
of the model and rating plate marking for satisfactory operation.
TABLE 4
DO NOT ENERGIZE THE BRANCH CIRCUIT FOR ANY REASON
BEFORE THE WATER HEATER TANK IS FILLED WITH WATER.
DOING SO WILL CAUSE THE HEATING ELEMENTS TO BURN
OUT AND VOID WARRANTY.
Size
AMG
MCM
The factory wiring should be connected to the branch circuit wiring
within the provided junction box. The water heater should be
connected to a separate, grounded, branch circuit with overcurrent
protection and disconnect switch. The water heater should be
grounded in accordance with national and local codes.
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
3
BRANCH CIRCUIT
The branch circuit wire size should be established through reference
to the current edition of NFPA-70, the National Electrical Code
or other locally approved source in conjunction with the heater
amperage rating. For convenience, portions of the wire size tables
from the Code are reproduced here. The branch circuit should be
sized at 125 percent of the heater rating and further increase wire
size as necessary to compensate for voltage drop in long runs.
Temperature Rating of Conductor
See Table 310-16 in Code
60°C
75°C
(140°F)
(167°F)
Types:
Types:
RH, RHW, RUH, (14-2),
RUW, (14-2), T, TW, UF
THW, THWN, XHHW, USE
--------15
15
20
20
30
30
40
45
55
65
70
85
80
100
Portion of Table 310-18 follows:
Allowable Ampacities of Insulated Aluminum and Copper -Clad
Aluminum Conductors.
Not more than three conductors in Raceway or Cable or Direct Burial
(Based on Ambient Temperature of 30° C, 86° F. These ampacities
relate only to conductors described in Table 310-18 in Code.
CALCULATING AMPERAGE/OVERCURRENT PROTECTION
For ambient temperatures over 30° C (86° F), see Correction Factors,
Note 13 in Code.
The water heaters come from the factory in two configurations:
1. Two wire T-6 circuit for dual element water heater equipped with
a single high limit control and single phase power input.
TABLE 5
Size
2. Four wire T-4 circuit for dual element water heater equipped with
two high limit controls and single phase power input.
AMG
MCM
12
10
8
6
4
3
2
1
11
Temperature Rating of Conductor
See Table 310-18 in Code
60°C
75°C
(140°F)
(167°F)
Types:
Types:
RH, RHW, RUH, (12-2),
RUW, (12-2), T, TW, UF
THW, THWN, XHHW, USE
15
15
25
25
30
40
40
50
55
65
65
75
75
90
85
100
WIRING DIAGRAMS
T-4
T-6
208 or 240 VOLT
SIMULTANEOUS OPERATION
SINGLE PHASE OPERATION
208 or 240 VOLT
NON-SIMULTANEOUS
SINGLE PHASE OPERATION
SUPPLY LEADS
L2
L1
SUPPLY LEADS
L2
L1
Figure 3
12
RED
RED
RED
RED
BLACK
BLACK
RED
BLACK
BLACK
BLACK
BLACK
RED
GND
GREEN
BLUE
YELLOW
BLACK
GND
GREEN
OPERATION
GENERAL
INITIAL START UP
Refer to the Features and Components section of this manual (page
7) for the location of components mentioned in the instructions
that follow.
The following checks should be made by the installer when the heater
is placed into operation for the first time.
NEVER turn on power to the water heater without being certain the
water heater is filled with water and a temperature and pressure
relief valve is installed in the relief valve opening.
2. Open the front panel or top access cover, check all water and
electrical connections for tightness. Also check connections on top
and or sides of heater. Repair water leaks and tighten electrical
connections as necessary.
1. Turn off the electrical disconnect switch.
DO NOT TEST ELECTRICAL SYSTEM BEFORE HEATER IS
FILLED WITH WATER. FOLLOW FILLING AND START-UP
INSTRUCTIONS IN OPERATION SECTION.
3. Depress the red manual reset button on each Thermostat/ECO
combination control. (See Figure 5, or Figure 6)
4. Turn on the electrical disconnect switch.
5. Observe the operation of the electrical components during the first
heating cycle. Use care as the electrical circuits are energized.
6. Close the front panel or top access cover.
Temperature control and contactor operation should be checked by
allowing heater to come up to temperature and shut off automatically.
Use care as the electrical circuits are energized.
DRAINING THE WATER HEATER
The water heater must be drained if it is to be shut down and exposed
to freezing temperatures. Maintenance and service procedures may
also require draining the heater.
FILLING THE WATER HEATER
1. Turn off the electrical disconnect switch.
2. Open a hot water valve until the water is cool, then close the
supply water inlet valve to heater.
3. Attach hose to outlet opening of drain valve and direct end to drain.
4. Open a nearby hot water faucet and the heater drain valve.
5. If the heater is being drained for an extended shutdown, it is
suggested the drain valve be left open during this period. The
hose may be removed.
Follow FILLING instructions when restoring hot water service.
1. Turn off the electrical disconnect switch.
2. Close the water heater drain valve.
3. Open a nearby hot water faucet to permit the air in the system
to escape.
4. Fully open the cold water inlet pipe valve allowing the heater and
piping to be filled.
5. Close the hot water faucet as water starts to flow. The
heater is now ready for STARTUP and TEMPERATURE
REGULATION.
INSTALLATION
13
TEMPERATURE REGULATION
T-4 THERMOSTAT
(UPPER & LOWER)
NOTE: It is not necessary to adjust the upper thermostat for a dual
element unit. However, if it is adjusted above the factory set point
140°F (60°C) it is recommended that it not be set higher than the
lower thermostat setting.
To change the temperature setting:
1.
It is recommended that lower water temperatures be used to avoid
the risk of scalding. It is further recommended, in all cases, that the
water temperature thermostats (See Figure 4) be set for the lowest
temperature which satisfies your hot water needs. This will also
provide the most energy efficient operation of the water heater.
DANGER: Turn off the heater electrical supply. Do not attempt
to adjust thermostat with power on.
2. Remove the upper and/or lower element access panel. Do
not remove the plastic personnel protectors covering the
thermostats. The thermostat is factory pre-set at 140°F (60°C).
3. Using a flat tip screwdriver, rotate the adjusting knob to the
desired temperature setting.
Figure 4 shows the approximate time-to-burn relationship for
normal adult skin. The thermostats on your water heater have a
linear relationship between degrees of angular rotation and the
corresponding change in temperature. Thus rotating the temperature
adjustment indicator 30 angular degrees will result in a 10 degree
Fahrenheit change in water temperature.
Time for 1st Degree Burn
(Less Severe Burns)
T-6 THERMOSTAT
(LOWER)
Figure 5
THE WATER HEATER IS EQUIPPED WITH AN ADJUSTABLE
THERMOSTAT TO CONTROL WATER TEMPERATURE. HOT
WATER AT TEMPERATURES DESIRED FOR AUTOMATIC
DISHWASHER AND LAUNDRY USE CAN CAUSE SCALDS
RESULTING IN SERIOUS PERSONAL INJURY AND/OR DEATH.
THE TEMPERATURE AT WHICH INJURY OCCURS VARIES WITH
THE PERSON’S AGE AND TIME OF EXPOSURE. THE SLOWER
RESPONSE TIME OF CHILDREN , AGED OR DISABLED PERSONS
INCREASES THE HAZARD TO THEM. NEVER ALLOW SMALL
CHILDREN TO USE A HOT WATER TAP, OR TO DRAW THEIR OWN
BATH WATER. NEVER LEAVE A CHILD OR DISABLED PERSON
UNATTENDED IN A BATHTUB OR SHOWER.
Water Temperature
°F (°C)
T-6 THERMOSTAT
(UPPER)
4.
Time for Permanent Burns
2nd & 3rd Degree
(Most Severe Burns)
110 (43)
(normal shower temp.)
116 (47)
(pain threshold)
116 (47)
35 minutes
45 minutes
122 (50)
1 minute
5 minutes
131 (55)
5 seconds
25 seconds
140 (60)
2 seconds
5 seconds
149 (65)
1 second
2 seconds
154 (68)
instantaneous
1 second
(U.S. Government Memorandum, C.P.S.C., Peter L. Armstrong, Sept. 15, 1978)
Figure 4
TEMPERATURE ADJUSTMENT
The thermostats are adjustable from approximately 120°F (49°C)
(lowest setting) to 181°F (83°C) (highest setting) (See Figure 5).
These thermostats are set from the factory at approximately the
140°F (60°C) setting. The over temperature device (ECO high limit)
attached to each thermostat has a manual reset.
14
Replace the access panels, and turn on heater electrical supply.
MAINTENANCE
GENERAL
ANODE ROD INSPECTION
The anode rod is used to protect the tank from corrosion. Most hot
water tanks are equipped with an anode rod. The submerged rod
sacrifices itself to protect the tank. Instead of corroding tank, water
ions attack and eat away the anode rod. This does not affect water’s
taste or color. The rod must be maintained to keep tank in operating
condition.
Periodically the drain valve should be opened and the water
allowed to run until it flows clean. This will help to prevent
sediment buildup in the tank bottom.
Anode deterioration depends on water conductivity, not necessarily
water condition. A corroded or pitted anode rod indicates high water
conductivity and should be checked and/or replaced more often than
an anode rod that appears to be intact. Replacement of a depleted
anode rod can extend the life of your water heater. Inspection should
be conducted by a qualified technician, and at a minimum should be
checked annually after the warranty period.
Periodically check the temperature and pressure relief valve
to ensure that it is in operating condition. Lift the lever at the
top of the valve several times until the valve seats properly
and operates freely.
Artificially softened water is exceedingly corrosive because the
process substitutes sodium ions for magnesium and calcium ions.
Water heater maintenance includes periodic tank flushing and
cleaning, and removal of lime scale from the heating element.
The use of a water softener may decrease the life of the water
heater tank.
The heater tank is equipped with an anode rod to aid in
corrosion control.
The anode rod should be inspected after a maximum of three years
and annually thereafter until the condition of the anode rod dictates
its replacement.
NOTE: Artificially softened water requires the anode rod to be
inspected annually.
15
TROUBLESHOOTING CHECKLIST
CHECKLIST
ABNORMAL SOUNDS
Before calling for service, check the following points to see if the
cause of trouble can be identified and corrected.
1. Sediment or lime scale accumulations on the elements causes
sizzling and hissing noises when the heater is operating.
Reviewing this checklist may eliminate the need of a service call
and quickly restore hot water service. See Figure 2 on page 7 in this
manual to identify and locate water heater components.
• The sounds are normal, however, the tank bottom and
elements should be cleaned. See the Maintenance section
of this manual.
WATER LEAKAGE IS SUSPECTED
Refer to Leakage Checkpoint on the following page 17.
1. Check to see if the heater drain valve is tightly closed.
2. If the outlet of the relief valve is leaking it may represent:
• Excessive water temperature.
• Faulty relief valve.
• Excessive water pressure.
3. Excessive water pressure is the most common cause of relief valve
leakage. It is often caused by a “closed system”. See “Closed
Water Systems” and “Thermal Expansion” in the Installation
section of this manual for more information.
4. Examine the area around the element for gasket leakage.
NOT ENOUGH OR NO HOT WATER
1. Be certain the electrical disconnect switch serving the water heater
is in the ON position.
• Tighten the elements or, if necessary, follow the WATER
AND LIME SCALE REMOVAL procedure to replace the
gaskets.
2. Check the fuses.
• The electrical disconnect switch usually contains fuses.
IF YOU CANNOT IDENTIFY OR CORRECT THE SOURCE OF
MALFUNCTION
3. If the water was excessively hot, and is now cold, the high limit
switch may have activated.
1. Turn the power supply to the water heater off.
• See the Temperature Regulation section of this manual for
more information on how to reset the ECO high limit controls.
2. Close the supply water inlet valve to the heater.
3. Contact a Qualified Service Agency in your area. Call the toll free
phone number on the back cover of this Instruction Manual for
assistance in locating a service agency in your area.
4. The capacity of the heater may have been exceeded by a large
demand for hot water.
• Large demands require a recovery period to restore water
temperature.
REPLACEMENT PARTS
Call the toll free phone number on the back cover of this Instruction
Manual for assistance in locating replacement parts.. When ordering
parts, specify complete model no., serial no., (see rating plate),
quantity and name of part desired. Standard hardware items should
be purchased locally.
5. Cooler incoming water temperature will lengthen the time required
to heat water to the desired temperature.
6. Look for hot water leakage.
7. Sediment or pipe scale may be affecting water heater operation.
16
LEAKAGE CHECKPOINTS
Instructions: Use this illustration as a guide when checking for sources of water leakage. You or your dealer may be able to correct what
appears to be a problem. NOTE: Cover and Insulation shown removed to reveal tank top.
Where possible remove or lift top cover to
examine threads of fittings installed into tank
for evidence of leakage. Correct fitting leaks
as necessary.
Relief Valve
Condensation and dripping may appear
on pipes when cold water temperature is
low. Pipe fitting may be leaking.
Water leaks at the elements may be due
to:
1. Defective element which leaks at
terminals or thru flange. Replace
element*.
To Open Drain
Anode Rod (Some Models)
2. Loose element/gasket leak:
(a) Screw-in type: tighten with 1-1/2”
socket wrench. If leak continues,
remove element*, discard gasket
and clean thread areas. Apply
nonhardening Permatex Number 2
to thread areas, install new gasket
and screw element into fitting until
it seats. Tighten 1/2 to 3/4 turn with
wrench.
(b) Flange type: tighten screw with
wrench. If leak continues remove
element* and discard gasket. Clean
gasket seating areas and re-install
element with new gasket. A new
element may be required where
threads have become rusted or
damaged, preventing tightening.
Relief valve operation and leakage
may be due to water expansion during
heating cycle or foreign material on seat
of valve. If the valve is not piped to an
open drain the released water could be
mistaken for a leaking heater. To check
where threaded material between jacket
opening and swab spud area. Remove
valve* if indicated and repair with pipe
joint compound.
To Open Drain
Water on the side of the tank may
be condensation due to the panel or
insulation not being in place.
All water which appears at the water
heater bottom or on the surrounding floor
may be caused by condensation, loose
connections or relief valve operation
and leakage. Do not replace the water
heater until full inspection of all potential
leak points is made and corrective steps
taken to stop the leak. Leakage from other
appliances, water lines or ground (see
page 16) should also be suspected until
proven otherwise.
Drain valve leakage could be from the
valve itself.* To check for leakage where
threaded portion enters tank, insert Q-tip
or similar absorbent material between
jacket opening and valve to swab spud
area. Remove valve* if leak is indicated
and repair with pipe joint compound.
Figure 6
17
*Contact your dealer as it is necessary to
shut off electricity and drain tank to perform
procedure.
WARRANTY
COMMERCIAL
WATER HEATER
LIMITED WARRANTY
EFFECTIVE
WHAT'S NOT COVERED
For 3 Years, in the event of a tank leak, we will repair or, at our
• Problems caused by improper: gas supply line sizing, gas type,
venting, connections, combustion air, voltage, wiring, or fusing
For 1 Year, in the event of part failure, we will repair or, at our
discretion, replace the defective part.
• Failure to follow applicable codes
We warrant this product against defects in materials or
workmanship as described in this document if installed within
the United States or Canada and provided the product remains
at its original place of installation.
• Abuse, misuse, accident, fire, flood, Acts of God
Warranty coverage begins the date of installation OR the date of
manufacture if installation cannot be verified.
• Failure to conduct authorized factory start up if required
discretion, replace the defective water heater.
• Failure to follow printed instructions
• Improper installation, sizing, delivery, or maintenance
• Claims related to rust, noise, smell, or taste of water
• Alterations to the water heater
• Non-outdoor heaters installed outdoors
WHAT'S COVERED
• Damages due to a failure to allow for thermal expansion
Subject to these terms, in the event of defect in materials and/
or workmanship resulting in a tank leak during the first three
years, we will:
• Replace the water heater should the tank leak.
• Heat exchanger failure due to lack of adequate / proper supply
of water
• Heaters moved from their original location
• Service trips to explain proper installation, use, or maintenance
of the product/unit or to describe compliance requirements
under applicable codes and regulations
Subject to these terms, in the event of a defect in materials and/or
workmanship appearing during the first year, we will:
• Repair or, at our discretion, replace any part of the water
heater covered under this limited warranty excluding parts
subject to normal maintenance (Example: non-electronic
anode rod, filter, etc)
• Charges related to accessing your heater including but not
limited to door/wall removal, equipment rental, etc.
• Replacement parts after expiration of this warranty
Service/labor, shipping, delivery, installation, handling or any
other costs are not covered at any time under this warranty.
LIMITATIONS
Any replacement part or product will be warranted only for
the unexpired portion of the original water heater’s limited
warranty period.
NOTWITHSTANDING ANYTHING ELSE TO THE CONTRARY,
THIS IS YOUR SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE WARRANTY.
ALL OTHER WARRANTIES INCLUDING A WARRANTY
OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR PARTICULAR
PURPOSE ARE EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMED. SELLER SHALL
NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY CONSEQUENTIAL, INCIDENTAL,
SPECIAL, PUNITIVE OR OTHER INDIRECT DAMAGES. TOTAL
LIABILITY ARISING AT ANY TIME SHALL NOT EXCEED THE
PURCHASE PRICE PAID WHETHER BASED ON CONTRACT,
TORT, STRICT LIABILITY OR ANY OTHER LEGAL THEORY.
If an identical model is no longer available due to a change in law,
regulation, or standard, we will replace the product with one having
comparable capacity and input. In these instances, the owner will
have the option of paying the difference between what was paid for
the original model and the new model with the additional features,
or receiving a refund of the portion of the purchase price, on a
pro-rata basis allocable to the unexpired portion of the warranty.
SERVICE INQUIRIES:
For service inquiries call the telephone number listed below. Be prepared to provide the following information:
name, address, and telephone number; the model and serial number of the water heater; proof of installation; and a clear description
of the problem.
For your records, fill in the product:
Serial: ___________________
Model: ___________________
U.S. Customers:
State Industries, Inc.,
500 Tennessee Waltz Parkway,
Ashland City, Tennessee 37015
800.365.0024
www.statewaterheaters.com
18
REPAIR PARTS LIST
Now that you have purchased this water heater, should a need ever
exist for repair parts or service, simply contact the company it was
purchased from or direct from the manufacturer listed on the rating
plate on the water heater.
Be sure to provide all pertinent facts when you call or visit.
WHEN ORDERING REPAIR PARTS, ALWAYS GIVE THE
FOLLOWING INFORMATION:
Selling prices will be furnished on request or parts will be shipped
at prevailing prices and you will be billed accordingly.
The model number of your Water Heater will be found on the rating
plated located above the lower access panel.
KEY
NO.
PART DESCRIPTION
1
Extension Nipple
2
Combo Dip Tube
3
Primary Anode Rod
4
T&P Valve
5
Element Gasket
6
Upper Element
7
Thermostat Bracket
8
Upper Thermostat w/Hi Limit
9
Terminal Protector
10
Upper Access Panel
11
Lower Access Panel
12
Lower Thermostat w/Hi Limit
13
Lower Element
14
Brass Drain Valve
15
Drain Pan
•
•
•
•
MODEL NUMBER
VOLTAGE AND ELEMENT WATTAGE
SERIAL NUMBER
PART DESCRIPTION
1
4
5
6
8
2
7
14
9
10
11
13
12
Figure 7
19
15
3
Figure 8
TABLE 6 - COPPER SHEATH ELEMENT AND WATTAGE CHART
120V
240V
277V
480V
PART NO.
PART NO.
PART NO.
PART NO.
9002863115
90001431005
---
---
9000145005
9002864005
9001225115
---
9002858005
9000145005
9004709115
---
9002859005
9004712105
9002860005
9002890005
9002861005
9002862005
9002868005
9003959005
9003958005
9003961005
3500W
---
9003950005
9004712105
---
---
4.0
4000W
---
9002867005
9002868005
9001229005
9002869005
4.5
4500W
---
9003952005
9003950100
9003960005
9001225005
5.0
5000W
---
9001224005
9003957005
9001231005
9001236005
5.5
5500W
---
9002871005
9002867005
---
9002872005
6.0
6000W
---
9003953005
9003952005
9002874005
9002875005
K.W.
ELEMENT
WATTAGE
PART NO.
1.0
1000W
---
1.5
1500W
9002963005
2.0
2000W
9003947005
2.5
2500W
3.0
3000W
3.5
208V
20
NOTES
21
NOTES
22
NOTES
23
500 Tennessee Waltz Parkway, Ashland City, TN 37015
Tech Support: 800-365-8170
Parts: 800-821-2017
Copyright © 2015 State Industries, Inc., All rights reserved..
24
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