ZEOS PANTERA User`s guide

ZEOS PANTERA User`s guide
The
COMPLETE
GUIDE TO
HIGH-PERFORMANCE
COMPUTING
WITH YOUR
PANTERA
COMPUTER
User’s Guide
R
 Copyright 1994
ZEOS International
All rights reserved
Words by John Hartnett
Illustrations by Steve Scofield
Cover Design by MaryLou Ziebarth
ZEOS International, Ltd. shall not be held liable for technical or editorial omissions or errors made herein; nor
for incidental or consequential damages resulting from furnishing, performance, or use of this material. This
document contains proprietary information protected by copyright. No part of this document may be
photocopied or reproduced by mechanical, electronic, or other means in any form without prior written
permission of ZEOS International, Ltd.
Trademark Acknowledgments
Adaptec is the trademark of Adaptec, Inc.
IBM, XT, AT, and OS/2 are registered trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation.
UNIX is a trademark of AT&T Laboratories.
Phoenix is the trademark of Phoenix Technologies Ltd.
Quadtel is the trademark of Quadtel Corp., A Phoenix Technologies Ltd. Co.
Intel, 486SX, DX, DX2, and Pentium are trademarks of Intel Corporation.
XENIX, MS-DOS, GW-Basic, OS/2, Windows, and Microsoft are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
All other brand and product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies.
Limitation of remedies and liabilities:
ZEOS’ entire liability and customers’ exclusive and sole remedy for damages from any cause whatsoever
(including without limitation any nonperformance, misrepresentation, or breach of warranty) shall be limited to
returning the products pursuant to the thirty (30) day satisfaction guarantee, or to repair or replace specific
products or services that do not comply with the limited warranty given by ZEOS. Any products or services
repaired or replaced by ZEOS pursuant to this paragraph shall be warranted as of the date of delivery in
accordance with the terms and conditions herein for the duration of the one-year term of Limited Warranty
given by ZEOS. In no event will ZEOS be liable for any damages caused, in whole or in part, by customer, or
for any economic loss, physical injury, lost revenues, lost profits, lost savings or other indirect, incidental,
special or consequential damages incurred by any person, even if ZEOS has been advised of the possibility of
such damage for claims.
Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages for consumer
products, and some states do not allow limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, so the above
limitations or exclusions may not apply to you.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which vary from state to state.
ZEOS provides no warranties whatsoever on software.
2
Customer Assurance Program
Thirty (30) Day Satisfaction Guarantee on Certain
Products.
Any product (except for software, software disks, related
documentation and consumables) purchased from ZEOS may be
returned within thirty days from the date it was shipped by ZEOS for
a full refund of the purchase price excluding original shipping charges.
Returned products must be in as new condition, in original packing,
complete with all warranty cards, manuals, cables and other materials
as originally shipped; not modified or damaged.
Any returned product must be shipped prepaid and insured. Any
return must carry a ZEOS Return Merchandise Authorization (RMA)
number, obtained from ZEOS, on the outside of each carton. Returns
without RMA numbers will not be accepted. After thirty days from
shipment, all sales are final and credit or refunds will not be given.
3
ZEOS Computer Systems One Year Limited
Warranty
All new ZEOS computer systems come with a One Year Limited
Warranty which provides that the products ZEOS manufactures or
assembles, other than items such as software, disks and related
documentation, will remain in good working condition, free from
defects in material and workmanship under normal use and service,
for a period of one year from the date of shipment from ZEOS. This
warranty is limited to the original purchaser and is not transferable.
During this one year period, ZEOS will repair or replace, at its option,
any defective product or parts at no additional charge to the customer,
provided that the defective product or part is returned, shipment
prepaid, to ZEOS. All replaced products and parts become the
property of ZEOS. Replacement parts shall be similar new or
serviceable used parts. This Limited Warranty does not extend to any
products which have been damaged as a result of accident, misuse,
abuse (such as incorrect voltages, power surges, improper or
insufficient ventilation, failure to follow ZEOS’ provided operating
instructions, “acts of God” or other situations beyond the control of
ZEOS), or as the result of service or modification by anyone other
than ZEOS. Non-ZEOS installed parts or components are not
covered, nor is damage to ZEOS provided components covered as a
result of their installation. This warranty does not cover work
performed by others, all warranty work must be performed by ZEOS.
4
FCC Compliance Statement
For U.S. and Canadian Users
Danger!
Changes or modifications to this unit not expressly approved by the party responsible for
compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device, pursuant to Part 15, Subpart B of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation.
This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference
to radio communications.
However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular
installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television
reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment on and off, the user is
encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures.
♦Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
♦Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
♦Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to
which the receiver is needed.
♦Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
The connection of a non-shielded equipment interface cable to this equipment will
invalidate the FCC Certification of this device and may cause interference levels which
exceed the limits established by the FCC for this equipment.
This equipment is a Class B digital apparatus which complies with the Radio
Interference Regulations, C.R.C., c. 1374.
Cet appareil numèrique de la classe B est conformè au Règlement sur le brouillage
radioèlèctrique, C.R.C., ch. 1374.
5
6
Contents
1. The Big Picture ....................................................................... 10
Desktop System At A Glance ..................................................
Vertical System At A Glance ....................................................
How to Open a Desktop Case.................................................
How to Open a Vertical Case ..................................................
Inside a Desktop System Unit .................................................
Inside a Vertical System Unit ..................................................
12
14
16
18
20
21
2. The Mainboard ........................................................................ 22
Mainboard Features ................................................................ 22
PCI Local Bus 32-Bit High Speed Expansion Slots ..............................
Secondary Cache Subsystem .............................................................
Keyboard Selectable Speed ................................................................
Serial Port ..........................................................................................
On-Board Peripherals .........................................................................
Parallel Port ........................................................................................
SCSI Port ...........................................................................................
Business Audio Ports ..........................................................................
23
23
23
24
24
25
25
25
Mainboard Connectors ............................................................ 26
Mainboard Diagram ................................................................ 27
Mainboard Jumpers ................................................................ 28
FLASH1.............................................................................................. 28
CLR1 .................................................................................................. 28
Mainboard Jumpers Diagram.................................................. 29
3. Using SETUP .......................................................................... 31
Main Menu .............................................................................. 32
Main Menu Options ................................................................. 33
System Time.......................................................................................
System Date .......................................................................................
Diskette Drive A: .................................................................................
Diskette Drive B: .................................................................................
Daylight Savings .................................................................................
Video System .....................................................................................
System Memory .................................................................................
Extended Memory ..............................................................................
7
33
33
33
33
33
33
34
34
Contents
Fixed Disk Menu ..................................................................... 34
Fixed Disk 0 Type ............................................................................... 35
Fixed Disk 1 - 3 Control ..................................................................... 35
SCSI BIOS Enable Menu ........................................................ 36
Memory Control ...................................................................... 38
External Cache ...................................................................................
Cache Video BIOS area ......................................................................
Idt 7MP6157 256K Module: .................................................................
DRAM speed ......................................................................................
38
38
38
38
Memory Shadow ..................................................................... 39
System Shadow.................................................................................. 39
Video Shadow..................................................................................... 39
Shadow Memory Regions ................................................................... 39
Boot Sequence Menu ............................................................. 40
Keyboard Auto-repeat Rate .................................................................
Keyboard Auto-repeat Delay ...............................................................
Key Click ............................................................................................
Numlock .............................................................................................
Summary screen ................................................................................
Floppy Check .....................................................................................
Floppy Swap .......................................................................................
Boot Sequence ...................................................................................
SETUP prompt ...................................................................................
POST errors .......................................................................................
40
40
40
40
40
41
41
41
41
41
Advanced Menu ...................................................................... 42
Integrated Peripherals ......................................................................... 42
PCI Devices........................................................................................ 43
Security ................................................................................... 44
Set Supervisor Password ....................................................................
Set User Password .............................................................................
Password on Boot ..............................................................................
Diskette Access ..................................................................................
Fixed disk boot sector .........................................................................
System Backup Reminder...................................................................
Virus Check Reminder ........................................................................
44
44
45
45
45
45
45
Exit Menu ................................................................................ 45
8
Contents
4. How to Add an Expansion Board .......................................... 46
5. How Disk Drives Work ........................................................... 48
How a Floppy Drive Works...................................................... 49
How an IDE Hard Drive Works ................................................ 50
How a CD-ROM Drive Works .................................................. 51
6. How to Add System RAM....................................................... 52
Installing SIMMs ...................................................................... 54
7. How to Add System Cache Memory ..................................... 56
8. How to Install an Optional SCSI Controller Chip ................. 58
Hardware ................................................................................ 58
Software .................................................................................. 61
9. Special Notes on the Pantera 90 ........................................... 62
Mainboard Specifications .......................................................... 65
Mainboard Environmental Specifications ................................
9-Pin Serial Port (J4) Pin Assignment .....................................
25-Pin Serial Port (J3) Pin Assignment ...................................
Parallel Port (J2) Pin Assignment ............................................
SCSI Port Pin Assignment ......................................................
65
66
66
68
70
Handy Cheat Sheet .................................................................... 71
Glossary ...................................................................................... 73
9
Chapter 1 - The Big Picture
1. The Big Picture
Welcome to the ZEOS User’s Guide! The User’s Guide works
with the Before Calling ZEOS Technical Support guide and the
Getting Started manual to help keep your system running trouble
free, year after year.
The User’s Guide is divided into nine chapters.
Chapter 1, The Big Picture , gives an overview of a typical
desktop and vertical system. It also shows the major components
inside the system unit case.
Chapter 2, The Mainboard , gives detailed information about
your mainboard.
Chapter 3, Using SETUP , explains how to use the built-in
SETUP features of your BIOS to configure your system.
Chapter 4, How to Add an Expansion Board , shows how to
add or change video adapter cards, controller cards, internal
modems, and anything else that uses the expansion slots.
Chapter 5, How Disk Drives Work , shows how to connect a
floppy drive, IDE hard drive, or CD-ROM drive.
Chapter 6, How to Add System RAM , shows how to add
memory SIMMs.
Chapter 7, How to Add System Cache Memory , shows how
to increase your system cache to improve CPU throughput.
10
Chapter 1 - The Big Picture
Chapter 8, How to Install an Optional SCSI Controller
Chip, shows how to add a SCSI chip and connect SCSI devices
to the mainboard.
Chapter 9, Special Notes on the Pantera 90, describes special
features of the 90 MHz Pantera system.
Mainboard Specifications lists technical details about your
mainboard.
The Handy Cheat Sheet gives a short summary of some of the
most needed or most forgotten commands.
The Glossary gives short definitions of common computer
terms.
11
Chapter 1 - The Big Picture
Desktop System At A Glance
Brightness
Contrast
Power LED
Hard Disk
(HDD) LED
Monitor Power
Switch
Reset Button
System Unit
Power Switch (the
“ON” button)
Keyboard
Lock
Drive bays
with CDROM drive
and 3.5”
Floppy Drive
Turbo Button
(not used)
Turbo LED
(not used)
12
Chapter 1 - The Big Picture
AC Power Cable
Mouse Cable
Connector (9-pin Serial
COM1)
Cooling Fan
AC Power Cable
Video Connector
Parallel Printer Port
Connector (LPT1)
Keyboard Connector
Secondary
Serial Port
(25-pin
COM2)
13
Chapter 1 - The Big Picture
Vertical System At A Glance
Hard Disk (HDD) LED
Power LED
Turbo LED
(not used)
Turbo Button
(not used)
System Unit Power Switch
(the “ON” button)
Keyboard Lock
Reset Button
Brightness
Drive bays
with CDROM drive
and 3.5”
Floppy Drive
Contrast
Monitor Power
Switch
14
Chapter 1 - The Big Picture
Cooling Fan
Secondary
Serial Port
(25-pin
COM2)
AC Power
Cable
Keyboard Connector
Mouse Cable
Connector
(9-pin Serial
COM1)
AC Power Cable
Parallel Printer
Port Connector
(LPT1)
Video
Connector
15
Chapter 1 - The Big Picture
How to Open a Desktop Case
Caution:
Whenever you open the case or work inside the computer there is danger of
electrostatic discharge. Electrostatic discharge can permanently damage
your equipment. Always ground yourself by touching the system cabinet
before touching any internal component. We strongly recommend using an
antistatic wrist strap attached to cabinet ground.
To open a desktop case:
1. Turn off the monitor and system unit power. Unplug the AC
power cables and disconnect any other cables attached to
the back of the system unit.
2. Remove the plastic bezel from the back of the case by
pulling it away from the case.
3. Unscrew the five mounting screws at the back of the case
that hold the case cover to the system unit chassis.
4. Slide the case cover back and up. Be careful not to snag any
cables or connectors inside the case.
5. Set the case cover aside while you work on your system.
6. When through, reattach the case cover, screws, bezel, and
cables in the reverse order.
The figures show the plastic bezel, screw locations, and cover
motion for a desktop case.
16
Chapter 1 - The Big Picture
Mounting Screws
Cover
Chassis
Plastic Bezel
17
Chapter 1 - The Big Picture
How to Open a Vertical Case
Caution:
Whenever you open the case or work inside the computer there is danger of
electrostatic discharge. Electrostatic discharge can permanently damage
your equipment. Always ground yourself by touching the system cabinet
before touching any internal component. We strongly recommend using an
antistatic wrist strap attached to cabinet ground.
Opening a vertical case is almost identical to opening a desktop
case.
To open a vertical case:
1. Turn off the monitor and system unit power. Unplug the AC
power cables and disconnect any other cables attached to
the back of the system unit.
2. Remove the plastic bezel from the rear of the case by pulling
it away from the case.
3. Unscrew the six mounting screws at the back of the case
that hold the case cover to the system unit chassis.
4. Slide the case cover back and up. Be careful not to snag any
cables or connectors inside the case.
5. Set the case cover aside while you work on your system.
6. When through, reattach the case cover, screws, bezel, and
cables in the reverse order.
The figures show the plastic bezel, screw locations, and cover
motion for a vertical case.
18
Chapter 1 - The Big Picture
Mounting Screws
Cover
Plastic Bezel
Chassis
19
Chapter 1 - The Big Picture
Inside a Desktop System Unit
The figure below shows some of the most common components
inside the system unit case.
Expansion Boards
Expansion Slots
Power Supply
Mainboard
Hard Disk Drive
CPU
Floppy Drives, CD-ROM
Drives, and Tape
Backup Units
The mainboard is the large circuit board at the bottom of the
system unit case. It is the heart of your system. All of the other
components inside the case work for the mainboard. The power
supply delivers electricity to the mainboard. The disk drives,
keyboard connectors, and other parts of the system unit bring
information to and from the mainboard.
20
Chapter 1 - The Big Picture
Inside a Vertical System Unit
Floppy Drives, CD-ROM
Drives, and Tape
Backup Units
Power Supply
Hard Disk Drive
Mainboard
Expansion Slots
Expansion Boards
CPU
Vertical systems have all the same components as desktop
systems. The figure shows the mainboard and common
components inside a vertical system unit case.
21
Chapter 2 - The Mainboard
2. The Mainboard
The mainboard is the large circuit board located at the bottom
of the system unit case. It is the heart of your computer system.
This board contains the central processing unit (CPU),
secondary cache subsystem, expansion slots, ports and
connectors for other computer components, and the system main
memory or RAM.
Mainboard Features
Your mainboard includes:
♦Intel Pentium (TM) Processor running at 60Mhz, 66Mhz, or 90 Mhz
♦Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) host adapter socket
♦Optional 256K or 512K secondary system cache
♦Integrated Windows compatible Business Audio that supports
ADPCM compression
♦Integrated floppy drive controller
♦Two local bus IDE hard drive interface ports supporting up to 4 IDE
devices
♦Enhanced Parallel Port
♦Two full-function, RS232, 16550-compatible serial ports
♦High-speed system memory; expandable from 2MB to 192MB
♦Flash BIOS; relocatable to 32-bit high-speed RAM for faster
performance
♦Five 16-bit ISA expansion slots
♦Three 32-bit PCI, local bus, high-speed expansion slots
♦Clock/calendar with on-board battery backup
22
Chapter 2- The Mainboard
PCI Local Bus 32-Bit High Speed Expansion Slots
The three PCI local bus, high speed expansion slots move
information at up to 133 MB/s. This provides an extremely high
performance, 32-bit interface to support high speed, local bus
video adapter cards and other peripherals such as LAN adapters
and hard disk drives.
Secondary Cache Subsystem
The secondary cache subsystem enhances the performance of the
CPU. The integrated cache controller and a cache memory
SIMMs provide the secondary cache subsystem for the system.
Either one 256K Cache SIMM or one 512K cache SIMM
provides the cache memory.
Keyboard Selectable Speed
You can increase system performance by activating Turbo mode
with the keyboard.
<Ctrl><Alt><+> activates turbo mode (default).
<Ctrl><Alt><-> disables turbo mode.
Note: Some Pantera systems have a Turbo LED and Turbo button on the
front of the case. The Turbo button and Turbo LED are not used on
Pantera systems. Only the keyboard command enables or disables
turbo mode.
23
Chapter 2 - The Mainboard
On-Board Peripherals
Your mainboard has all of the standard peripheral interfaces and
many extras built in. This eliminates the need for many
peripheral expansion cards and greatly enhances system
reliability.
The integrated peripheral interfaces include:
♦Optional SCSI port (supports both SCSI-1 and -2 type devices)
♦Two serial ports
♦Parallel port
♦Floppy drive controller
♦Two IDE hard drive controller ports each capable of controlling two
hard drives
♦Business audio with speaker output jack, alternate internal
speaker output, and microphone input jack
Serial Port
Your mainboard has two RS232C asynchronous serial ports,
which are generally referred to as COM1 (9-pin) and COM2
(25-pin) ports. The serial ports are used to attach mice, serial
printers, modems, or other serial peripheral devices. Both serial
ports are 16550 UART compatible for higher data transfer rates.
You can install up to two additional serial ports (COM3 and
COM4) simultaneously in your system. However, MS-DOS does
not manage more than two COM ports simultaneously very well.
Therefore, while you can install and use four COM ports, do not
attempt to use more than two at the same time or you may run
into problems. Specifically, you should not try to use COM1 and
COM3 at the same time, or COM2 and COM4 at the same time.
24
Chapter 2 - The Mainboard
Parallel Port
The 25-pin Centronics parallel port is often called the printer
port because it is generally used only for printers. However, the
parallel interface has achieved a high level of standardization.
The parallel port is also EPP or Enhanced Parallel Port
compatible. This means you can use the port to connect other
peripheral devices designed to use a Centronics parallel
interface.
SCSI Port
The optional on-board SCSI host adapter allows you to connect
and control up to seven peripheral devices such as SCSIcompatible disk drives, tape backup units, communications
devices, and CD-ROM drives.
The SCSI port is a parallel, multitasking interface which
supports both SCSI-1 and SCSI-2 devices.
The SCSI port is configured from the system SETUP program.
For SCSI system setup parameters, refer to the SCSI Control
Menu in Using SETUP.
Business Audio Ports
The on-board business audio adapter chip allows you to use a
built-in external speaker jack and microphone input jack for fullfeatured audio support of many popular software packages. The
external speaker jack and microphone input jack are mounted on
a bracket at the back of the system unit.
25
Chapter 2 - The Mainboard
Mainboard Connectors
Connectors are used to attach devices to the mainboard.
Attached devices can be internal like hard disk indicator lights,
or external like serial and parallel ports. The most commonly
used connectors are shown in the Mainboard Diagram. A
detailed description is provided in the table below.
Table 1. - Mainboard Connectors
Connector
Description
J1
Keyboard
Keyboard connection
PS1
Power
Power supply input
J2
Parallel
Parallel printer port
J3
COM2
Communications port B (DB25/COM 2)
J4
COM1
Communications port A (DB9/COM 1)
J5
Floppy drive
Floppy disk drive connector
J6
Primary hard drive
Primary IDE hard drive connector
J7
Secondary hard drive
Secondary IDE hard drive connection
J8
SCSI
SCSI device connector
J9
RESET
Reset switch input
J10
SLEEP
Low Power “Sleep Mode” LED output
J11
KBDLOCK
Keyboard lock input
J12
SPEAKER
Speaker output
J13
HDD LED
Hard drive LED output
PS2
PCI Power
Future PCI Power supply connection
26
Chapter 2 - The Mainboard
Mainboard Diagram
FLASH
protect
jumper
16-bit ISA
expansion slots
32-bit PCI
expansion
slots
PCI Power
Supply socket
Clear 3.2Volts
Keyboard
CMOS
connector
Memory
J1
jumper
Clock/
Battery
Paralllel port
connector
J2
Mainboard
Power
Connector
CoM2
serial port
J3
COM1
serial port
J4
SCSI
header
Floppy
drive
header
SCSI chip
socket
SIMM
sockets for
system RAM
Secondary IDE
HDD header
J7
SIMM socket
for system
cache
Primary IDE
HDD header
J6
PAL sound
chip
Pentium
CPU socket
Main sound chip
socket
Audio board
cable
connector
Reset
button
header
Low Power
LED hearer
Internal
Keyboard Lock
Spaker
header
header
Hard disk
LED
header
CPU fan
power
connector
27
Alternate
internal
Speaker
speaker
output jack
connector
Mic. Input
Audio board
cable connector
Chapter 2 - The Mainboard
Mainboard Jumpers
Jumpers are small groups of pins that can be connected or
disconnected with jumper caps. To connect a jumper, place the
jumper cap over the pins you wish to connect and gently press
down.
The Pantera mainboard uses only two jumpers. The mainboard
stores most configurations in battery backed CMOS memory.
The Pantera mainboard uses the SETUP program to reconfigure
options stored in battery backed memory. The Pantera
mainboard also uses the FLASH programming utility to update
the system BIOS. Other mainboards use jumpers to configure
upgrade options and parameters directly on the board. The
Pantera mainboard uses the SETUP program and the FLASH
programming utility instead, making upgrades and changes fast
and easy.
FLASH1
The FLASH1 jumper allows or disallows re-programming of
the FLASH BIOS with the FLASH utility program. The default
or normal position is to allow programming with the FLASH
program.
CLR1
The CLR1 jumper holds or resets the CMOS battery backed
SETUP memory. You should not clear the CMOS SETUP
memory unless it becomes corrupted and cannot be
reprogrammed with the SETUP program. To clear the CMOS
memory, turn off system power , then momentarily place the
jumper in the CLEAR position, then return the jumper to the
NORMAL position. Your system will not operate with the
jumper in the CLEAR position, so be sure to return the CLR1
jumper to the NORMAL position.
28
Chapter 2 - The Mainboard
Mainboard Jumpers Diagram
29
30
Chapter 3 - Using SETUP
3. Using SETUP
The Extended BIOS Software System consists of several
programs which work along with the system BIOS. Together,
they provide additional system customization. You can access
the Extended BIOS Main Menu by pressing F2 during system
boot. Use the arrow keys to highlight and select the utility and
then press Enter.
The Main Menu allows you to choose between:
♦Main Menu options
♦Advanced System Setup
♦Security
♦Exit
Each of the main screens allows you to choose several submenus. You navigate through the Extended BIOS software
using the cursor keys and several function keys. You can also
load the original factory default settings from ROM, load the
current settings from battery backed CMOS, or save new
changes to CMOS. Press F1 at any time for help.
To make changes to SETUP values, use the arrow keys to select
the desired item. The selected item will be highlighted. The +
and - keys allow you to scroll through the available options.
Only items surrounded by square brackets may be changed.
Press F9 to load the SETUP defaults from ROM. Press F10 to
load your previous settings from CMOS. Exit through the Exit
menu. Press Enter to see a sub-menu, Esc to return to the
previous menu.
31
Chapter 3 - Using SETUP
Main Menu
Your system setup has been configured at the factory for
maximum performance and reflects all options you may have
ordered. Generally, you need to run SETUP only if you change
your system’s hardware configuration, such as installing a
different hard drive, or if the on-board battery fails.
The SETUP Main Menu allows you to change:
♦Time and date
♦Video System
♦System memory configuration
♦Floppy drive types
The Main Menu also offers you the following sub-menus:
♦Fixed Disk 0-3 Type
♦SCSI BIOS Enable
♦Memory Control
♦Memory Shadow
♦Boot Sequence
32
Chapter 3 - Using SETUP
Main Menu Options
System Time
Sets the real-time clock, using a 24-hour format. During the
power-up sequence, the real time is read and saved in memory
for use by the operating system. After boot up, the operating
system updates the system time.
System Date
Sets the real-time date for month, day, and year. During the
power-up sequence, this information is read and saved in
memory for use by the operating system to determine the
current date. After completing the power-up sequence, the
operating system updates the current date.
Diskette Drive A:
Specifies the size and capacity of the floppy-disk drive installed
as drive A. Options are: 360K, 720K, 1.2M, 1.44M, and 2.88M
Diskette Drive B:
Specifies the size and capacity of the floppy-disk drive installed
as drive B.
Daylight Savings
Allows the system clock to adjust automatically for daylight
savings time. The default is enabled.
Video System
This option can be set to one of the following:
♦Monochrome
♦80 column Color Graphics (CGA 80 x 25)
♦Enhanced Graphics Adapter or VGA (EGA/VGA)(default)
33
Chapter 3 - Using SETUP
Main Menu Options
System Memory
Sets the system memory size. This is set to 640KB at the ZEOS
factory. MS-DOS can manage conventional memory of 640KB
without additional software. You should not need to change this
value.
Extended Memory
Defines the size of extended memory in 64K increments.
Extended memory is the total amount of memory not used as
System Memory and for Shadow RAM (384K is allocated for
Shadow RAM).
For example, a system with 2MB (2048KB) installed (BIOS
shadowed) will indicate 1024KB of extended memory [i.e.:
2048KB - (640KB + 384KB) = 1024KB].
Fixed Disk Menu
The Fixed Disk Menu lists each of the installed IDE hard/fixed
disks. Your first, or primary hard drive is Fixed Disk 0. If you
have additional hard drives installed or want to install more
drives, they will be configured as Fixed Disk 1, 2, or 3.
34
Chapter 3 - Using SETUP
Fixed Disk 0 Type
Sets the hard drive 0 configuration. This option was set to Auto
at the ZEOS factory prior to shipment. In most cases, this
option is all you need. When Auto is selected, the system
determines what kind of hard drive is installed and displays the
drive parameters.
Note: Only change this option setting if you change your hard drive.
Multi-Sector Transfer
Determines the number of sectors per block for multiple sector
transfers. Options are Disabled, 2, 4, 8, and 16. The default is
16. Older hard drives (and even some newer drives) will not
work properly if the number of sectors is set too high.
LBA Mode Control
Enables or disables Logical Block Addressing, allowing you to
use large IDE hard drives. This must be enabled for IDE hard
drives greater than 528 MB.
Physical Drive
Determines the physical address of the drive. Options are :
Default, Primary Master, Primary Slave, Secondary Master, and
Secondary Slave. The default is Default.
Fixed Disk 1 - 3 Control
If your system has more hard drives installed, again set these
options to Auto. This sets the drive type for the additional hard
drives. Never needlessly change the default setting.
35
Chapter 3 - Using SETUP
SCSI BIOS Enable Menu
The SCSI default configuration settings are appropriate for
most system installations. Configuration changes are only
necessary when using nonstandard (older) SCSI devices or
nonstandard peripheral expansion cards.
SCSI BIOS Enabled
Enables or disables the integrated SCSI BIOS.
Controller Address
The on-board SCSI controller always uses IRQ11, non-DMA.
If other attached devices are using IRQ11, change their settings
to a different IRQ. The SCSI I/O port default address is 340h
(primary). The alternate address is 140h, but is not supported
by the system BIOS at this time.
Synchronous
This parameter selects whether synchronous data transfer with
SCSI targets should be initiated. When disabled, the system will
still respond to negotiations initiated by SCSI targets. This
option is generally used when an older SCSI device is installed
which doesn’t recognize synchronous negotiation. The default
is enabled.
Note: Some SCSI devices like CD-ROM drives may require this parameter
to be disabled.
36
Chapter 3 - Using SETUP
Enhanced
Enable this option if you are using a hard drive larger than
1GByte. This option enables enhanced mode disk geometry
translation. If the BIOS detects a drive capacity greater than
1GByte, it uses 255 head/ 63 sector translation. Otherwise it
uses 64 head/ 32 sector translation. This option also allows for
higher synchronous transfer rates of 6.67 MBytes/sec. or 10
MBytes/sec.
Parity
Enables parity checking by the on-board SCSI controller. Parity
is supported by most SCSI devices. If this option is disabled,
the SCSI controller still generates parity, but no interrupt will
be generated on parity errors.
Disconnect
Enables a SCSI device to disconnect from the on-board
controller if it will take a long time to complete a requested
operation, and later reconnect when ready to finish. Use this
feature to improve bus use in multitasking environments. Single
task environments like DOS usually work smoother when this
option is disabled. However, some tape backup units will
operate better when this option is enabled, even under DOS.
The default is disabled.
37
Chapter 3 - Using SETUP
Memory Control
The memory control sub-menu allows you to make detailed
changes to your system memory configuration.
External Cache
This option permits you to enable or disable the external cache
memory. Some applications are not compatible with caching.
This option allows you to disable memory caching, if necessary.
Cache Video BIOS area
This option controls caching of the video BIOS. Enabling this
option could improve video performance. The default is
enabled.
Note: Not implemented on all systems.
Idt 7MP6157 256K Module:
or Motorola MCM67A618 512K
Selects Dual Write Enable Mode for the external system cache
module. Set this to TRUE if you are using a 256K Idt module
with a 7MP6157 part number or if you are using a 512K
Motorola module with an MCM67A618 part number.
DRAM speed
Always set the DRAM speed to the slowest speed of all your
installed memory SIMMs. Your mainboard supports 60ns or
70ns memory chips.
Note: Not implemented on all systems.
38
Chapter 3 - Using SETUP
Memory Shadow
Shadowing is the technique of mirroring or copying portions of
the computer’s slower, read-only memory into much faster
system memory. Shadowing key portions of memory generally
improves system performance.
System Shadow
System shadow is always enabled.
Video Shadow
Enables or disables copying of the video BIOS into RAM.
Shadowing the video BIOS may improve your video response
time. The default is enabled.
Shadow Memory Regions
Allows you to choose which specific memory regions will be
shadowed. The default is for all specific regions disabled.
39
Chapter 3 - Using SETUP
Boot Sequence Menu
The boot sequence sub-menu allows you to speed up boot time
by disabling certain standard computer boot procedures.
Keyboard Auto-repeat Rate
Defines the rate the keyboard repeats when a key is pressed and
held. The number displayed represents the number of
repetitions per second the keyboard will generate. The default is
30 times per second.
Keyboard Auto-repeat Delay
Defines time delay between the time a key is depressed and the
time the key begins to repeat. The default is 1/2 second.
Key Click
When selected, provides an audible feedback whenever a key is
pressed.
Numlock
This option defines how the Num Lock key should work on
power up. The Num Lock key is used to determine whether the
cursor keys or the numeric keys are active on the keypad.
Normally, the BIOS sets the Num Lock (numeric keys active) if
the system detects a compatible keyboard on power up.
Auto
On
Off
Sets the Num Lock (numeric keys active) if the system
detects a compatible keyboard on power up (default)
Selects the numeric keys regardless of the keyboard
Selects the cursor movement keys regardless of the keyboard
Summary screen
During normal boot, the system BIOS displays a summary
screen of your computer configuration at boot. Disabling the
system summary screen at boot skips this display.
40
Chapter 3 - Using SETUP
Floppy Check
When enabled the system checks that each floppy drive
configured in CMOS memory is operational. Disabling floppy
check skips this step, speeding up boot time.
Floppy Swap
For systems that boot using DOS, allows you to swap the drive
designation for floppy drives A: and B:. Enabled swaps the
drives. Disabled uses the drives as they are installed.
Note: Not implemented on all systems.
Boot Sequence
During boot the computer looks for an operating system stored
on the floppy boot drive or logical drive C on an installed hard
drive. Disk drive boot sequence determines which drive is
checked first. The default is [A: then C:], meaning the system
will check floppy drive A first, then if no operating system is
present, it will look on drive C. If you normally boot from the
hard disk C, setting this option to [C: then A:] or [C: only] will
speed your boot time.
SETUP prompt
When enabled, the system displays the message “Press F2 to
enter SETUP” on boot. When disabled this step is skipped on
boot.
POST errors
When enabled, the system pauses whenever it finds an error
during bootup and displays the message “Press F1 to continue
or F2 to enter SETUP”. When disabled the system ignores
POST errors during boot. The default is enabled.
41
Chapter 3 - Using SETUP
Advanced Menu
Warning!
Setting these items incorrectly could disable your system. Never needlessly
change from the defaults.
The Advanced Menu offers the following options:
Large Disk DOS Compatibility
Enables or Disables Logical Block Addressing, enabling you to
use very large IDE hard drives.
Note: Not implemented on all systems.
Integrated Peripherals
This menu allows you to set the addresses, interrupts and DMA
channels for your serial, parallel, and audio ports.
Com Port A:
When either Com Port 1 or Com Port 2 is set to Auto, the
system will automatically set the interrupts for both ports.
Otherwise this option allows you to set the interrupt and I/O
address of the COM1 serial port.
Com Port B:
When either Com Port 1 or Com Port 2 is set to Auto, the
system will automatically set the interrupts for both ports.
Otherwise this option allows you to set the interrupt and I/O
address of the COM2 serial port.
42
Chapter 3 - Using SETUP
Parallel Port
Sets the parallel port designation. The default setting of Auto
allows the system to automatically assign the first available
parallel port designation to the on-board parallel port (usually
LPT1). Otherwise allows you to specify the parallel port
address.
Mode
Allows you to specify the parallel port as Uni-directional
(default) or Bi-directional.
Audio Port
Sets the interrupt and DMA access for the audio port. The
default is IRQ9, DMA 6. You may also choose IRQ9 with
DMA 5, or IRQ11 with DMA 5 or 6. The port can also be
disabled.
Note: The on-board SCSI controller will automatically use IRQ11. If you
use both the SCSI controller and the audio port, be sure the audio
port is set to IRQ9.
PCI Devices
The PCI Devices sub-menu allows you to set specifications for
the PCI bus and for PCI devices connected to the bus. If you are
inserting a PCI controller card into one of your PCI slots, this
screen allows you to set the interrupt for the slot. The top row
of the table at the bottom of the screen explains which of the
four steering interrupts (0 through 3) needs an interrupt entry.
For example, a card inserted in PCI slot 6 needs an interrupt
entered on Interrupt Steering Register 0.
Note: For more help setting PCI bus master interrupts, call ZEOS
Technical Support at 1-800-228-5390.
43
Chapter 3 - Using SETUP
Security
The system security options allow you to password-protect
system access. Whenever a password is entered, you must reenter the proper password to access the system.
To protect yourself from forgetting your passwords, we strongly
recommend writing them down and storing for safekeeping.
Warning!
If you forget the password, your system will not operate. You will have
to completely clear the CMOS memory and re-enter your entire system
configuration. Write down your password and store it in a safe place.
The following security items are available:
♦Set Supervisor Password
♦Set User Password
♦Password on Boot
♦Diskette Access
♦Fixed disk boot sector
♦System Backup Reminder
♦Virus Check Reminder
Set Supervisor Password
Allows you to enter a system supervisor password.
Set User Password
Allows you to enter a system user password. You can only
enter a user password if a supervisor password is also entered.
44
Chapter 3 - Using SETUP
Password on Boot
When enabled, the system asks you for a password on boot.
The system will only boot if the correct supervisor or user
password is entered. The default is disabled.
Diskette Access
Specifies which level of password is required to access the
floppy drives. This option prevents unauthorized copying of
information. The default is Supervisor.
Fixed disk boot sector
When enabled, write protects the boot sector on your hard drive
to protect against viruses.
System Backup Reminder
When enabled, displays boot reminder message to back up your
system every day, week, or month. The default is disabled.
Virus Check Reminder
When enabled, displays boot reminder message to scan for
viruses every day, week, or month. The default is disabled.
Exit Menu
Offers Exit and Save options for the SETUP program.
45
Chapter 4 - How to Add and Expansion Board
4. How to Add an Expansion
Board
The expansion slots on your mainboard are designed to accept a
wide variety of cards or boards. Components such as scanners,
tape backup units, video capture devices, and many others use
expansion cards (also called expansion boards) to communicate
with the CPU on the mainboard. Often adding these components
is as easy as opening the case, slipping the new card into an
empty expansion slot, and connecting the component to the
card.
To add an expansion board:
1. Turn off the monitor and system unit power and unplug the
AC power cords from the wall outlet.
2. Open the system unit case (see How to Open a Desktop
Case, earlier).
3. Find an empty expansion slot or, if you are replacing an
expansion card already in your system (such as when
upgrading your video card), locate the old card.
4. Unscrew the mounting screw and remove the blank bracket
by sliding it up. If you are removing an old expansion card,
carefully lift it straight up.
5. Set any jumpers or switches on the new card. See the
expansion board’s documentation for the correct jumper
settings.
46
Chapter 4 - How to Add an Expansion Board
Mounting screw
Expansion slot
6. Slide the new board into place. Press firmly so the edge
connector on the card slides all the way into the expansion
slot.
7. Screw in the mounting screw.
8. Connect any internal cables to the expansion card.
9. Close the system unit case, and turn on the power.
Many expansion boards require you to run diagnostic or
installation software before the new board will work properly.
Look in your expansion board installation instructions for more
detailed information.
47
Chapter 5 - How Disk Drives Work
5. How Disk Drives Work
There are three main types of disks for storing files - floppy,
hard, and compact disks.
Floppy disks are small, relatively slow, portable disks. Most
people use floppy disks to transfer files or install new programs
onto their hard drives. Floppy disks fit into the floppy disk
drives mounted in your system unit. Although there are some
combination drives, most floppy disk drives are designed to hold
only one size of disk.
Hard, or fixed disks, are permanently mounted inside your
system unit case. They are very fast, hold a lot of files, and are
not removable without dissassembling your system.
Compact disks fit into CD-ROM drives. Compact disks can
store very large amounts of information.
Floppy, hard, and CD-ROM disk drives all fit into the drive
bays in your system unit. This chapter shows how some of the
most common drives connect to the mainboard. Most drives
have two connections - a power connection and a data
connection. For detailed installation and configuration
information, always check the disk drive’s documentation.
48
Chapter 5 - How Disk Drives Work
How a Floppy Drive Works
Floppy drives have two primary connectors, a ribbon cable
called the data cable, and a power connection to the power
supply. The ribbon cable connects the back of the floppy drive
with the floppy controller port J5 on the mainboard. Data ribbon
cables often have two connectors. If you have more than one
floppy drive on your system, they often share the same ribbon
cable.
The data cable also has a red stripe. Whenever connecting or
disconnecting the ribbon cable, be sure to attach the cable
connectors so the red stripe is pointing toward pin 1 of the
connector. Pin 1 is often labelled with a small triangle or filled in
corner.
Floppy Drive
Primary Floppy Drive
Connector
DC Power from Power
Supply
Second Floppy Drive
Connector
Pin 1 Mark
on Cable
Connector
Red Stripe
Floppy Drive
Ribbon Data
Cable
Red Stripe
Pin 1
Floppy Drive Cable
Connector J5
Mainboard
49
Chapter 5 - How Disk Drives Work
How an IDE Hard Drive Works
IDE (Integrated Drive Electronics) hard drives are the most
common hard drives and are the most likely to be installed on
your system. IDE devices have most of the electronics or
“smarts” built into the drive, rather than installed on a separate
controller card or on the motherboard. IDE hard drives have
two main connections – a ribbon cable called the data cable and
a power connection to the power supply. The ribbon cable
attaches to the back of the drive and connects to the IDE
controller port J6 or J7 on the mainboard. Whenever connecting
or disconnecting the ribbon cable, be sure to attach the data
cable so the red stripe points toward pin 1 on the connector.
Most drives also have configuration jumpers at the back of the
drive for setting drive identification and resistors. See your hard
drive user’s guide for complete information.
DC Power
Connector
Hard Drive
Second Hard Drive
Connector
Floppy Drive
Cable Connector
J5
Red Stripe
First Hard Drive
Connector
Hard Drive Ribbon Data
Cable
IDE Hard
Drive
Connector J6
Mainboard
SIMM Sockets for
System RAM
50
Chapter 5 - How Disk Drives Work
How a CD-ROM Drive Works
CD-ROM drives are capable of reading information from
compact discs, or CD’s. The “ROM” in CD-ROM stands for
Read Only Memory. Compact discs are read-only, meaning, you
can read information from them, but cannot write files or
information onto them like a floppy disk or hard disk drive. With
the right software, you can even “read” music by playing audio
compact discs on your CD-ROM drive. Compact disks can store
large amounts of information. One compact disk can store as
much information as 500 floppy disks.
There are many types of CD-ROM drives. Most have three
primary connectors, a power connector, a data cable connector,
and an audio connector.
The power connector is just like the DC power connector on
floppy drives and hard disk drives. It accepts DC power from
the computer’s internal power supply.
The data cable is a flat ribbon cable that connects the drive with
some type of controller. Some drives use a dedicated controller
card inserted into one of the expansion slots on the mainboard.
SCSI CD-ROM drives connect to the SCSI controller port on
the mainboard or to a SCSI controller card inserted into one of
the expansion slots. Still other drives use a CD-ROM controller
port mounted on a sound card inserted into one of the expansion
slots on the mainboard.
Most CD-ROM drives also have an audio connector where you
can connect headphones or computer speakers. If your system
has a sound card and speakers installed, the CD-ROM drive’s
audio connector is probably connected to the sound card.
For detailed information about your CD-ROM drive, check the
manufacturer’s documentation.
51
Chapter 6 - How to Add System RAM
6. How to Add System RAM
System memory is often called RAM or Random Access
Memory. RAM is the thinking space available to your
applications. Usually, the more system RAM you have, the
faster your system will run. Many software applications simply
run much faster and more efficiently when more RAM is
available.
You add RAM by adding single in-line memory modules
(SIMMs) into SIMM sockets on the mainboard. Your system
mainboard will hold up to six SIMMs of 32-bit RAM.
Note: SIMMs MUST ALWAYS BE INSTALLED IN ADJACENT
PAIRS AND MUST FILL A BANK. A bank is made of two
adjacent SIMM sockets.
The table on the next page describes some of the many possible
memory configurations.
52
Chapter 6 - How to Add System RAM
Table 2. - Some Possible Memory Configurations
SIMM Capacity
Bank1
Total
Memory
Bank 0
0A
0B
2MB
1MB
1MB
4MB
2MB
2MB
4MB
1MB
1MB
8MB
4MB
4MB
8MB
2MB
8MB
1A
1B
1MB
1MB
2MB
2MB
2MB
2MB
2MB
1MB
1MB
10MB
4MB
4MB
1MB
1MB
12MB
4MB
4MB
2MB
2MB
12MB
2MB
2MB
2MB
12MB
4MB
4MB
16MB
8MB
8MB
16MB
4MB
16MB
Bank2
2A
2B
1MB
1MB
2MB
2MB
2MB
1MB
1MB
1MB
1MB
4MB
4MB
4MB
4MB
4MB
2MB
2MB
2MB
2MB
24MB
4MB
4MB
4MB
4MB
4MB
4MB
32MB
16MB
16MB
32MB
8MB
8MB
8MB
8MB
32MB
8MB
8MB
4MB
4MB
4MB
4MB
64MB
32MB
32MB
64MB
16MB
16MB
16MB
16MB
64MB
16MB
16MB
8MB
8MB
8MB
8MB
96MB
32MB
32MB
16MB
16MB
96MB
32MB
32MB
8MB
8MB
8MB
8MB
96MB
16MB
16MB
16MB
16MB
16MB
16MB
128MB
32MB
32MB
32MB
32MB
128MB
32MB
32MB
16MB
16MB
16MB
16MB
192MB
32MB
32MB
32MB
32MB
32MB
32MB
53
Chapter 6 - How to Add System RAM
Installing SIMMs
When installing SIMMs, use 70ns or faster memory chips for
maximum system performance. Faster and slower memory chips
may be intermixed. However, always set the CPU/DRAM Speed
option in SETUP to the slowest chip speed installed.
Remember, larger numbers are slower than smaller numbers
(100ns SIMMs are slower than 70ns SIMMs). For best results,
use memory devices from the same manufacturer.
Caution:
Electrostatic Discharge can result in permanent damage to the equipment.
Always ground yourself by touching the system cabinet before beginning
the following procedure. We strongly recommend using an anti-static wrist
strap attached to cabinet ground.
To Install SIMMs:
1. Remove system cover (see How to Open a Desktop Case,
earlier).
2. Determine memory SIMM configuration (refer to Table 2,
Memory Configuration, on the previous page).
3. Remove any SIMMs you are replacing with new SIMMs by
gently pulling the metal socket clips away from the SIMM to
release the SIMM from the socket. Hold them out while you
are tilting the SIMM away from the metal clips. Carefully
lift the SIMM up and out.
Caution:
Never use force to remove the module out of the socket. Failure to properly
release the retainer clips may break the socket, causing expensive damage
which is not covered by your warranty.
4. Grasping a new SIMM by the edge, remove it from the
antistatic bag.
54
Chapter 6 - How to Add System RAM
Retaining clip
Retaining clip
Inserting a SIMM
5. Insert the bottom edge into the socket slot. Press down
firmly on the SIMM while maintaining the proper angle of
insertion.
6. Ensure the SIMM seats correctly. If not, remove and repeat
Step 5.
7. Gently push the top edge toward the retainer clips until the
clips snap into place.
8. Reinstall system cover.
After completing the installation, your ROM BIOS will
determine the amount of memory installed; however you may
need to change the CPU/DRAM Speed option in your system
SETUP program. Refer to Using SETUP earlier for detailed
instructions.
55
Chapter 7 - How to Add System Cache Memory
7. How to Add System Cache
Memory
Secondary cache memory can speed up memory intensive
applications and greatly enhance your CPU’s performance.
You add cache memory by adding a single in-line memory
module (SIMM) into the secondary system cache SIMM socket
on the mainboard. Your system mainboard will hold one cache
SIMM of 64-bit SRAM.
Note: System Cache SIMMs are not the same as RAM memory SIMMs.
Do not try to install cache SIMMs in your RAM memory sockets, or
RAM SIMMs in your cache SIMM socket.
Although installing secondary cache memory is easy and
straightforward, a few simple precautions will ease the
installation. Before you begin, make note of your system’s
current SETUP parameters. You can access the SETUP screen
by pressing F2 at boot. Copy the SETUP parameters to a piece
of paper (or use Shft-Print Screen to print them out on your
printer).
Also, all SIMMs are extremely sensitive to static electricity. Be
sure to use an anti-static wrist band and ground yourself by
touching the computer case before you touch the mainboard or
handle any chips.
To install secondary cache memory:
1. Turn off the system power and unplug the AC power cord.
Remove system cover (see Opening the Case, earlier).
2. Locate the secondary system cache memory SIMM socket.
The figure above shows where to find the socket on the
mainboard.
56
Chapter 7 - How to Add System Cache Memory
SIMM Socket for
Secondary
System Cache
Pin 1
3. If you are upgrading your system cache memory, remove the
SIMM you are replacing by gently pulling the SIMM out of
the socket.
4. Grasping a new SIMM by the edge, remove it from the
antistatic bag and press it into the socket.
Caution:
Static RAM is extremely sensitive to electrostatic discharge which can
permanently damage your equipment. Use an anti-static wrist strap
attached to cabinet ground. Be sure to ground yourself by touching the
system cabinet before beginning this procedure.
5. Reinstall system cover, plug in AC power, and turn on the
computer as you normally would.
6. Make sure the External Cache option on the Memory
Control Menu of the Advanced System Setup Menu is
Enabled. Also check your system SETUP to be sure it hasn’t
changed. If any settings have changed, re-enter the correct
values and re-boot the system.
57
Chapter 8 - How to Install an Optional SCSI Controller Chip
8. How to Install an Optional
SCSI Controller Chip
To install an optional SCSI controller on your mainboard, you
must first install the SCSI chip and cable, then make software
changes to the system SETUP.
Note: Before starting, note your current system SETUP parameters. Access
SETUP by pressing F2 during boot, then choose the System
Information menu.
Hardware
1. Turn off the system power, unplug the AC power source,
and disconnect all peripherals and the monitor.
2. Remove system cover (see How to Open a Desktop Case,
earlier).
Caution:
Electrostatic Discharge can result in permanent damage to the equipment.
Always ground yourself by touching the system cabinet before beginning
the following procedure. We strongly recommend using an antistatic wrist
strap attached to cabinet ground.
3. Unpack the SCSI host adapter chip from the antistatic
package, being careful to handle it only by its plastic surface
(don’t touch the metal pins).
58
Chapter 8 - How to Install an Optional SCSI Controller Chip
Pin 1
Pin 1
SCSI Cable
Connector
J8
SCSI Chip
Socket
U17
4. Locate the SCSI host adapter socket on the mainboard and
identify the pin 1 (beveled) corner of the socket. If you
need help finding the SCSI host adapter socket, see the
figure above.
Caution:
Make absolutely sure the SCSI host adapter chip is properly aligned in the
socket. There is only one correct way the chip will fit into this socket. This
ensures that the adapter is oriented properly.
59
Chapter 8 - How to Install an Optional SCSI Controller Chip
5. Match the beveled Pin 1 corner of the SCSI host adapter
with the beveled Pin 1 corner of the socket. Carefully align
the SCSI chip in the SCSI host adapter socket.
6. Using two fingers, gently press the chip into the socket. Be
careful not to bend the pins.
7. Connect SCSI ribbon cable from SCSI port mainboard
connector (J8) to SCSI device. Make sure the red stripe is
toward pin 1.
8. Replace cover, reconnect all peripherals and monitor.
9. Turn on power as you normally would.
Pin 1 on SCSI
Adapter Chip
Pin 1 on SCSI
Adapter Socket
60
Chapter 8 - How to Install an Optional SCSI Controller Chip
Software
1. Access the system SETUP utility by pressing F2 during
system boot.
2. Verify the following SCSI parameters in system SETUP,
Main Menu, SCSI BIOS Enable sub-menu:
♦SCSI BIOS [Enabled]
♦SCSI Controller Address [340H]
♦Synchronous [Enabled]
♦Enhanced [Enabled]
♦Parity [Enabled]
♦Disconnect [Disabled]
3. The on-board SCSI controller always uses IRQ11, nonDMA. If other attached devices are using IRQ11, change
their settings to a different IRQ setting. The SCSI I/O port
default address is 340h (primary). The alternate address is
140h, but is not currently supported by the system BIOS.
4. Verify your system configuration to ensure other system
parameters have not changed. If any parameters have
changed, re-enter them and reboot your system.
For SCSI software driver installation and operation information,
refer to the appropriate Adaptec SCSI Device Driver
Installation Guide.
61
Chapter 9 - Special Notes on the Pantera 90
9. Special Notes on the
Pantera 90
The Pantera 90 computer uses a special daughter board called
the Pantera 90 module. The Pantera 90 module plugs into the
ZIF (Zero Insertion Force) socket on the mainboard. In essence,
the daughterboard replaces the mainboard CPU. The Intel
Pentium™ 90 CPU plugs into the ZIF socket on the Pantera 90
module daughterboard and takes over as CPU for the system.
The Pantera 90 module uses two standoff screws to keep it
raised over the mainboard.
62
Chapter 9 - Special Notes on the Pantera 90
ISA Expansion Slots
Pentium 90 CPU
with heat sink
Standoff screw
spaces
Pantera 90
Module
ZIF arm on
mainboard
CPU socket
63
64
Mainboard Specifications
Mainboard Specifications
CPU
Intel Pentium (TM) Processor
Clock rate
60 MHz, 66 MHz, or 90MHz
ISA bus speed
7.5 MHz (60 MHz clock),
8.25 MHz (66 MHz clock)
PCI local bus speed
up to 132 MB/s(66MHz),
up to 120 MB/s(60MHz)
Data path
8, 16, 32,64-bits
Expansion slots (8)
Five 16-bit ISA
Three 32-bit PCI local bus
Secondary Cache Mapping
Direct
Secondary Cache Write policy
Write-back
Secondary Cache Capacity
0KB, 256KB, or 512KB
Cache SIMM Type
256KB or 512KB Cache SIMM
Cache Speed
7ns/9ns
Memory Type
1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32MB SIMMs
Memory Configuration
2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 16, 24, 32, 64, 128,
192 MBs
Mainboard Environmental Specifications
Operating Temperature
0°C to 35°C
Storage Temperature
-20C to 60C
Operating Humidity
20%RH to 80%RH
Storage Humidity
10% RH to 90% RH
65
Mainboard Specifications
9-Pin Serial Port (J4) Pin Assignment
J4 Header Pin
Number
DB9 Connector
Pin Number
Signal
1
1
DCD, Data Carrier Detect
2
6
DSR, Data Set Ready
3
2
RXD, Receive Data
4
7
RTS, Request to Send
5
3
TXD, Transmit Data
6
8
CTS, Clear To Send
7
4
DTR, Data Terminal Ready
8
9
RI, Ring Indicator
9
5
GND, Ground
25-Pin Serial Port (J3) Pin Assignment
J3 Header Pin
Number
DB25 Connector
Pin Number
Signal
3
2
TXD, Transmit Data
5
3
RXD, Receive Data
7
4
RTS, Request to Send
9
5
CTS, Clear to Send
11
6
DSR, Data Set Ready
13
7
GND, Ground
14
20
DTR, Data Terminal Ready
15
8
DCD, Data Carrier Ready
18
22
RI, Ring Indicator
66
Mainboard Specifications
9-Pin Serial Port (J4) Pin Assignment
5 - GND, Ground
9 - RI, Ring Indicator
4 - DTR, Data Terminal Ready
8 - CTS, Clear To Send
3 - TXD, Transmit Data
7 - RTS, Request to Send
2 - RXD, Receive Data
6 - DSR, Data Set Ready
1 - DCD, Data Carrier Detect
25-Pin Serial Port (J3) Pin Assignment
22 - RI, Ring Indicator
8 - DCD, Data Carrier Ready
20 - DTR, Data Terminal Ready
7 - GND, Ground
6 - DSR, Data Set Ready
5 - CTS, Clear to Send
4 - RTS, Request to Send
3 - RXD, Receive Data
2 - TXD, Transmit Data
67
Mainboard Specifications
Parallel Port (J2) Pin Assignment
J2 Header Pin
Number
Parallel Port
Connector Pin
Number
Signal
1
1
STB, Strobe
3
2
PD0, Data Bit 0
5
3
PD1, Data Bit 1
7
4
PD2, Data Bit 2
9
5
PD3, Data Bit 3
11
6
PD4, Data Bit 4
13
7
PD5, Data Bit 5
15
8
PD6, Data Bit 6
17
9
PD7, Data Bit 7
19
10
ACK, Acknowledge
21
11
Busy, Busy
23
12
PE, Paper Empty
25
13
SLCT, Select
2
14
AFD, Auto Feed
4
15
ERR, Error
6
16
INIT, Initialize
8
17
SLIN, Select Input
10
18
GND, Ground
12
19
GND, Ground
14
20
GND, Ground
16
21
GND, Ground
18
22
GND, Ground
20
23
GND, Ground
22
24
GND, Ground
24
25
GND, Ground
68
Mainboard Specifications
Parallel Port (J2) Pin Assignment
1 - STB, Strobe
14 - AFD, Auto Feed
2 - PD0, Data Bit 0
15 - ERR, Error
3 - PD1, Data Bit 1
16 - INIT, Initialize
4 - PD2, Data Bit 2
17 - SLIN, Select Input
5 - PD3, Data Bit 3
18 - GND, Ground
6 - PD4, Data Bit 4
19 - GND, Ground
7 - D5, Data Bit 5
20 - GND, Ground
8 - PD6, Data Bit 6
21 - GND, Ground
9 - PD7, Data Bit 7
22 - GND, Ground
10 - ACK, Acknowledge
23 - GND, Ground
11 - Busy, Busy
24 - GND, Ground
12 - PE, Paper Empty
25 - GND, Ground
13 - SLCT, Select
69
Mainboard Specifications
SCSI Port Pin Assignment
J8 Header Pin
Number
SCSI Port
Connector Pin
Number
Signal
2
2
SCD0, Data Bit 0
4
4
SCD1, Data Bit 1
6
6
SCD2, Data Bit 2
8
8
SCD3, Data Bit 3
10
10
SCD4, Data Bit 4
12
12
SCD5, Data Bit 5
14
14
SCD6, Data Bit 6
16
16
SCD7, Data Bit 7
18
18
SCDP, Parity
25
25
–, Open (not used)
26
Power
26
TER_PWR, Termination
1,3,5,7,9,11,13,
15,17,19-24,27-31,
33-35,37,39,41,43,
45,47,49
(Same pin number GND, Ground
as mainboard header)
32
32
ATN, Attention
36
36
BSY, Busy
38
38
ACK, Acknowledge
40
40
RST, Reset
42
42
MSG, Message
44
44
SEL, Select
46
46
CD, Control/Data
48
48
REQ, Request
50
50
IO, Input/Output
70
Handy Cheat Sheet
Here are some of the most often needed or forgotten notes.
CTRL-ALT-DEL ...........................................................Warm Reboot
Reset button, or
Power button ................................................................... Cold Reboot
F2 during power up ..................................................... Access SETUP
CTRL-BREAK, or
CTRL-C ............................ Pause or Break an application or batch file
DOS Commands
COPY [filename] [drive:][path][newfilename] .................... copies a file
FORMAT [drive:] ..........................................erases and formats a disk
DIR [drive:][path] ............. lists the files in a certain drive and directory
DEL [filename] ................................................................. deletes a file
MD[newdirectory] ............................................ makes a new directory
RD[directoryname] ............ removes and erases an empty, old directory
RENAME [oldfilename][newfilename] ............................ renames a file
CHKDSK [drive:] ............................. displays a status report for a disk
CD[path] .............................................. changes to a different directory
CLS ............................................................................clears the screen
Common DOS file extensions
.BAK ..................................................................................backup file
.BAT ..................................................................................... batch file
.COM............................................................... command program file
.EXE ............................................................... executable program file
.SYS ................................................................................... system file
.INI ............................................................. Windows initialization file
.PIF................................................ Windows program information file
README files ................................ text files with special instructions
71
Handy Cheat Sheet
Windows Shortcuts
Ctrl-C ....................................................................... copy to clipboard
Ctrl-V ................................................paste or copy from the clipboard
Ctrl-X ...................................................... delete and copy to clipboard
Alt-Tab ............................................ toggle between open applications
Alt-Esc .................................................. jump to next open application
Wildcards - wildcards are special characters that can represent any other
valid numbers, letters, or symbols in a file name.
*
The asterisk represents any number of other characters.
For example:
*.BAK would represent any file with the extension BAK.
GONOW.* would represent all files named GONOW
with any extension.
?
The question mark represents one single character.
For example:
GONOW.?XE would represent any file named GONOW
with an extension ending in XE.
?ONOW.EX? would represent any five character
filename ending in ONOW with EX as the first two
characters of its extension.
72
Glossary
This glossary provides general definitions of key terms. For an expanded list look in
standard reference books on computers.
DIP Switches - Small switches on a piece of
hardware such as a CPU, a printer, or an option
card. DIP switch settings control various functions
and provide a system with information about itself.
DIP stands for Dual In-Line Package.
Directory - A list of the files stored on a disk or a
part of a disk.
Disk Drive - The physical device which allows the
computer to read from and write to a disk. A floppy
disk drive has a disk slot into which you insert
floppy disks. A hard disk drive is permanently
fixed inside the system unit.
DOS - Disk Operating System. A computer
program which continuously runs and mediates
between the computer user and the Application
Program, and allows access to disk data by disk
filenames. The Disk Operating System controls the
computer’s input and output functions. See
Operating System.
File - A group of related pieces of information
called records, or entries, stored together on disk.
Text files consist of words and sentences. Program
files consist of codes and are used by computers to
interpret and carry out instructions.
Floppy disk - a flat piece of flexible plastic coated
with magnetic material and used to store data
permanently.
Format - To prepare a new disk (or erase an old
one) so it can receive information. Formatting a
disk divides it into tracks and sectors which create
addressable locations on it.
Hard Disk Drive - Commonly called rigid disk
drives, or fixed disk drives. Unlike floppy disks,
hard disks are fixed in place inside the system unit.
They can process data faster and store many more
files than floppy disks.
Hardware - Any physical component of a
computer system, such as a monitor, printer,
keyboard, or CPU.
Address (Physical) - A specific location in memory
where a unit record, or sector, of data is stored.
Application Program - Computer program that
actually performs a useful task. Word processors,
spreadsheets, and desktop publishing programs are
application programs.
AUTOEXEC.BAT File - An MS-DOS batch file
containing commands which execute automatically
when you turn on your computer.
Batch File - A file containing several commands
that execute in sequence as a group, or batch. MSDOS batch files must have a filename extension of
.BAT.
Boot - Short for Bootstrap. Transfer of a disk
operating system program from storage on floppy
disk or hard disk drive to computer’s working
memory.
Boot Disk - A disk with an operating system
installed which loads the system on power up.
Character - Anything that can print in a single
space on the page or the screen. Includes numbers,
letters, punctuation marks, and graphic symbols.
Command Processor - The part of an operating
system that processes commands entered by you.
The command processor in MS-DOS is contained in
the COMMAND.COM file.
CPU - Central Processing Unit. The piece of
hardware which interprets instructions, performs the
tasks you indicate, keeps track of stored data, and
controls all input and output operations.
Crash - A malfunction in the computer hardware or
software, usually causing loss of data.
Cursor - The highlighted marker which shows your
position on the screen and moves as you enter words
or numbers.
Diagnostics - The tests and procedures the
computer performs to check its internal circuitry and
set up its configuration.
73
Glossary
IDE - Integral Device Equipment. Also, IDE is an
acronym for Integrated, Intelligent or Imbedded
Drive Electronics. An IDE drive has the controller
electronics built into the drive itself and is
connected directly to the mainboard or to an
adapter card.
Jumper - A small electrical connector that alters
some of the computer’s functions. Short (makes a
connection) or Non-Short (no connection).
Kilobyte (KB) - A unit used to measure storage
space (in a computer’s memory or on a disk). One
kilobyte equals 1024 bytes.
LED - Light Emitting Diode. A substance that
illuminates when electricity passes through it, like
the indicator lights on the front panel of the
computer.
Local Bus - A set of addresses, data, and control
signals that interface directly with the host CPU.
Mainboard - A printed circuit board into which
other circuit boards can be plugged. Usually, it
contains the CPU, connectors for memory
(SIMMs), secondary cache, SCSI host adapter
socket and expansion slots for add-on boards. Also
known as a motherboard.
Memory - The area where your computer stores
data. Memory contents can be permanent and
unalterable (ROM) or temporary (RAM).
MHz - This stands for Megahertz, or cycles per
second.
Operating System - A collection of programs that
allow a computer to control its operations. The
Operating System determines how programs run on
the computer and supervises all input and output for example, MS-DOS.
Parallel - The type of interface which transmits
data in groups of bits. Printers usually use Parallel
ports.
Peripheral - A device (such as, a printer or a
modem) connected to a computer that depends on
the computer for its operation.
Port - A physical input/output socket on a
computer where you can connect a peripheral.
RAM - Random Access Memory. The part of memory
that a computer can both read and write to. The
programs you use are temporarily stored in RAM. All
data stored in RAM is erased when you turn off the
power.
Read - To copy data from one area to another. For
example, when you open a text file stored on disk, the
computer reads the data from the disk and displays it on
the screen.
Reset - To reload a computer’s operating system so you
can retry a task or begin using a different operating
system. Resetting clears RAM.
ROM - Read Only Memory. A portion of memory that
can only be read and cannot be used for temporary
storage. ROM retains its contents even when you turn
off the power.
Self Test - The initial diagnostics procedures a system
performs to check its hardware.
Setup - This refers (usually) to the program that is used
to load the CMOS data base with input from the user.
SETUP sets the date, time, and configuration of disk
drives installed on the system.
Software - The programs that enable your computer to
perform the tasks and functions you indicate.
Application programs are software.
Subdirectory - A directory that originates from another
directory (the root directory or some other directory).
Subdirectories branch out from other directories.
System Disk - A disk that contains the operating
system. A Boot Disk.
Write - To store data on a disk.
Write-Protect - To prevent a floppy disk from being
overwritten by placing a write-protect tab over the notch
on the side of the floppy disk (5.25") or setting the
write-protect switch (3.5"). When a floppy disk is writeprotected, you cannot erase, change, or record over its
contents.
ZEOS - Greek God of computers.
74
Index
A
E
Advanced SETUP Menu 42
Audio Port
Enhanced Parallel Port 37
Expansion Board, how to install 46
Extended Memory, in SETUP 34
External Cache 38
features 25
in SETUP 43
B
F
BIOS 31
Boot Sequence 41
Fixed Disk 0 Type 35. See also Hard Disk
Fixed disk boot sector 45
Fixed Disk Menu in SETUP 34
FLASH1 jumper 28
Floppy Check 41
Floppy Drive 49
Floppy Swap 41
C
Cache memory, how to install 56
Cache Video BIOS area 38
CD-ROM Drive 51
CLR1 jumper 28
Com Port A: in SETUP 42
Com Port B: in SETUP 42
Controller Address 36
Customer Assurance Program 3
D
Daylight Savings 33
Desktop System
diagram 12
how to open 16
internal diagram 20
Disconnect 37
Disk Drives 48
Diskette Access 45
Diskette Drive A: in SETUP 33
Diskette Drive B: in SETUP 33
DRAM speed 38
Dual Write Enable Mode 38
H
Hard Drive 50
I
Idt 7MP6157 256K Module: 38
Integrated Peripherals 42
K
Key Click 40
Keyboard Auto-repeat Delay 40
Keyboard Auto-repeat Rate 40
L
Large Disk DOS Compatibility 42
LBA Mode Control 35
Logical Block Addressing 42
75
Index
M
S
Mainboard
Connectors 26
Diagram 27
Environmental specs 65
Features 22
Jumpers 28
Specifications 65
Memory Control 38
Memory, how to add 53
Memory Shadow 39
Mode, in SETUP 43
Multi-Sector Transfer 35
N
Numlock 40
P
Pantera 90 62
Parallel Port
features 25
in SETUP 43
Parity 37
Password on Boot 45
PCI Devices in SETUP 43
PCI Local Bus 23
Physical Drive 35
Pinouts, Serial and Parallel 66
POST errors 41
R
RAM, how to add 52
RFI Suppression 6
SCSI BIOS Enabled 36
SCSI Controller, how to add 58
SCSI Port, features 25
Secondary Cache Subsystem 23
Security 44
Serial Port, features 24
Set Supervisor Password 44
Set User Password 44
SETUP 31
SETUP prompt 41
Shadow Memory Regions 39
SIMMs, how to install 54
Summary screen 40
Synchronous 36
System Backup Reminder 45
System Date 33
System Memory
how to add 52
in SETUP 34
System Shadow 39
System Time 33
T
Turbo mode 23
V
Vertical System
diagram 14
how to open 18
internal diagram 21
Video Shadow 39
Video System in SETUP 33
Virus Check Reminder 45
76
Late Changes
The following changes arrived too late for printing:
There are no corrections at this time.
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement