Wideband RF Signal Processing Solutions from ADI PDF

Wideband RF Signal Processing Solutions from ADI PDF
Wideband RF Signal Processing
Solutions from ADI
When GHz Signal Acquisition and Conversion Are Critical, ADI Has the Answer
The wideband RF signal processing receiver is driven by the need to acquire, convert, and transfer GSPS data
to a digital processor as quickly and accurately as possible. In many defense electronics applications, lives
literally depend on the speed of this function. As a result, the desire of system architects is to place the point
of signal conversion as close to the antenna, sensor, probe, or transducer as is technically feasible. But even
at low GHz analog input bandwidths, serious data conversion design barriers begin to present themselves,
and ADI has solved those problems. Specifically:
• While ultrahigh speed GSPS analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) have been available for some time, their
Nyquist band linearity and wideband noise performance have been insufficient for most demanding applications. The solution: ADI has introduced a new family of wideband performance optimized 12- and 14-bit,
2.5 GSPS/1.0 GSPS (respectively) ADC cores that provide up to 80 dB of wideband dynamic range at
1 GHz AIN. Likewise, our quad, 16-bit, 2.8 GSPS, digital-to-analog converter (DAC) provides signal synthesis
capability with industry-leading performance.
• Achieving “data sheet” converter performance in the production system at GHz bandwidths requires
particular attention to interface, frequency planning, PCB layout, noise and thermal management, support
components, and just about everything else, or unwanted design cycles can occur that impact time to
market (TTM). Solution: ADI delivers its wideband RF conversion technology on both performance evaluation
boards and rapid system prototyping FMC modules containing critical signal chain components such as
driver amplifiers, clocks, and power management. These modules come with full production ready operating
software and serve as known good system reference designs that greatly diminish risk and TTM.
This brochure provides an overview of ADI’s game changing wideband RF signal processing solutions for
performance critical applications such as exist in defense electronics, RF instrumentation, and communications
infrastructure. Take a look at our compelling technology, and we believe that you’ll agree: the time has come to
incorporate wideband RF signal processing into your system design.
www.analog.com/widebandRF
ADI Has Shattered the GHz Signal Conversion Performance Barriers
Drawing on the strength of more than 45 years of industry-leading innovation in data conversion technology, ADI engineers have developed breakthrough
12-bit, 2.5 GSPS, and dual 14-bit, 1.0 GSPS, ADC cores that shatter existing performance limitations in GHz bandwidth signal conversion. This new level
of dynamic and noise performance is poised to usher in the next generation of advanced RF and high IF sampling architectures that enable significant
increases in end system sensitivity, functionality, configurability, and improved response times.
85
SFDR (dBFS)
80
75
AD9625 PERFORMANCE SETS A NEW STANDARD
COMPETITIVE PERFORMANCE
70
65
60
110
310
510
710
910 1110 1310 1510
ANALOG INPUT FREQUENCY (MHz)
1710
1910
AD9625 SFDR vs. frequency (2.5 GSPS).
0
–40
–60
–80
2500MSPS
1807.7MHz @ –1dBFS
SNR = 56.7dBFS
SFDR = 75dBc
–20
AMPLITUDE (dBFS)
–20
AMPLITUDE (dBFS)
0
2500MSPS
730.3MHz @ –1dBFS
SNR = 57.8dBFS
SFDR = 77.5dBc
–100
–40
–60
–80
–100
–120
–120
50
250
450
650
850
1050
1250
50
250
FREQUENCY (MHz)
1050
1250
–50
–70
–90
–110
AIN = –1dBFS
SNR = 65.3dBFS
ENOB = 10.5 BITS
SFDR = 85dBFS
BUFFER CURRENT = 3.0×
–10
–30
AMPLITUDE (dBFS)
AMPLITUDE (dBFS)
850
AD9625 spectrum with 1.8 GHz AIN, 2.5 GSPS.
AIN = –1dBFS
SNR = 66.6dBFS
ENOB = 10.7 BITS
SFDR = 85dBFS
BUFFER CURRENT = 3.0×
–30
650
FREQUENCY (MHz)
AD9625 spectrum with 730 MHz AIN, 2.5 GSPS.
–10
450
–50
–70
–90
–110
–130
–130
0
100
200
300
400
FREQUENCY (MHz)
AD9680 spectrum with 170.3 MHz AIN, 1.0 GSPS.
| Wideband RF Signal Processing Solutions from ADI
2
500
0
100
200
300
FREQUENCY (MHz)
AD9680 spectrum with 340 MHz AIN, 1.0 GSPS.
400
500
Superior Dynamic Range and Noise Performance in Wideband RF Signal Conversion Can
Simplify Architectures
ADI’s breakthrough in GHz data converter performance has enabled the point of signal conversion in many architectures to be moved closer to the antenna,
thereby eliminating downconversion stages that add noise, complexity, and cost to end system designs.
Real-World Example: High Performance GSPS Converters Driving the Evolution of X-Band Radar Architecture
From a Multistage Architecture …
AMP/
GAIN BLOCK/
BUFFER
MIXER
AMP/
GAIN BLOCK/
BUFFER
AMP/
GAIN BLOCK/
BUFFER
ANTENNA
(MOTOR)
CONTROL
MIXER
AMP/
GAIN BLOCK/
BUFFER
CIRCULATOR
DAC
AMP/
GAIN BLOCK/
BUFFER
CLOCK
DSP/
FPGA
DETECTORS
DDS
UPCONVERTER
FANOUT
AMP/
GAIN BLOCK/
BUFFER
REF
PLL/
VCO
FANOUT
AMP/
GAIN BLOCK/
BUFFER
AMP/
GAIN BLOCK/
BUFFER
AMP/
GAIN BLOCK/
BUFFER
ADC
MIXER
MIXER
VIDEO
PROCESSOR
DISPLAY
To a Single Stage Architecture …
AMP/
GAIN BLOCK/
BUFFER
MIXER
AMP/
GAIN BLOCK/
BUFFER
ANTENNA
(MOTOR)
CONTROL
AMP/
GAIN BLOCK/
BUFFER
CIRCULATOR
DAC
DETECTORS
CLOCK
DSP/
FPGA
AMP/
GAIN BLOCK/
BUFFER
REF
PLL/
VCO
FANOUT
AMP/
GAIN BLOCK/
BUFFER
AMP/
GAIN BLOCK/
BUFFER
ADC
MIXER
VIDEO
PROCESSOR
DISPLAY
To Even a Direct RF Sampling Architecture …
AMP/
GAIN BLOCK/
BUFFER
ANTENNA
(MOTOR)
CONTROL
AMP/
GAIN BLOCK/
BUFFER
CIRCULATOR
DAC
DSP/
FPGA
CLOCK
AMP/
GAIN BLOCK/
BUFFER
AMP/
GAIN BLOCK/
BUFFER
ADC
VIDEO
PROCESSOR
DISPLAY
www.analog.com/widebandRF | 3
New Tool for Prototyping and Designing with State-of-the-Art Data Conversion Technology
ADI now offers this breakthrough and enabling wideband RF signal processing technology on standardized platforms that seamlessly connect to the FPGA
prototyping ecosystem; in other words, the way you actually design your system!
AD-FMCDAQ2-EBZ FMC module comprised of: AD9680—dual, 14-bit, 1.0 GSPS ADC;
AD9144—quad, 16-bit, 2.8 GSPS TxDAC+.®
AD-FMCDAQ2-EBZ connected to Xilinx ® VC707 FPGA development platform for
rapid prototyping and system development.
ADI collaborates closely with our platform partners to verify connectivity,
interoperability, and performance of hardware, software, and design tools.
A Closer Look at ADI’s Premiere Wideband RF Signal Conversion IC Technology and FMC
Module Solutions
AD9680 Dual-Channel, 14-Bit, 1.0 GSPS Analog-to-Digital Converter IC
The AD9680 is a dual, 14-bit, 1 GSPS analog-to-digital converter (ADC). The device has an on-chip buffer and
sample-and-hold circuit designed for low power, small size, and ease of use. This device is designed for sampling
wide bandwidth analog signals of up to 2 GHz. The AD9680 is optimized for wide input bandwidth, high sampling
rate, excellent ac linearity, and low power in a small package. Applications for the AD9680 include diversity multimode, multiband digital receivers, defense electronics, and RF instrumentation.
• SFDR = 85 dBFS at 340 MHz, 80 dBFS at 1 GHz
• SNR = 65.3 dBFS at 340 MHz (AIN = −1.0 dBFS), 61.4 dBFS at 1 GHz
• ENOB = 10.8 bits at 10 MHz
• Noise density = −154 dBFS/Hz at 1.0 GSPS
• JESD204B (Subclass 1) coded serial digital outputs
AD9625 Single-Channel, 12-Bit, 2.0 GSPS/2.5 GSPS Analog-to-Digital Converter IC
The AD9625 is a 12-bit ADC that operates at conversion rates of up to 2.5 GSPS and is designed for sampling wide
bandwidth analog signals up to the second Nyquist zone. The combination of wide input bandwidth, high sampling
rate, and excellent ac linearity makes the AD9625 ideally suited for spectrum analyzers, data acquisition systems,
and a wide assortment of military electronics applications, such as radar and jamming/antijamming measures.
• SFDR = 79 dBc, AIN up to 1 GHz at −1 dBFS, 2.5 GSPS
• SFDR = 75 dBc, AIN up to 1.8 GHz at −1 dBFS, 2.5 GSPS
• SNR = 57.6 dBFS, AIN up to 1 GHz at −1 dBFS, 2.5 GSPS
• SNR = 56.7 dBFS, AIN up to 1.8 GHz at −1 dBFS, 2.5 GSPS
• Noise spectral density = −150 dBFs/Hz at 2.5 GSPS
• Two independent decimate by 8 or decimate by 16 filters with 10-bit NCOs
• High speed 6-lane or 8-lane JESD204B serial output with 6.25 Gbps at 2.5 GSPS
• Subclass 1 deterministic latency
| Wideband RF Signal Processing Solutions from ADI
4
AD9144 Quad-Channel, 16-Bit, 2.8 GSPS TxDAC+ Transmit DAC
The AD9144 is a quad, 16-bit, high dynamic range digital-to-analog converter that provides a maximum sample
rate of 2.8 GSPS, permitting a multicarrier generation up to the Nyquist frequency. The AD9144’s >1 GHz ultrawide
complex signal bandwidth enables emerging wideband and multiband wireless applications. Advanced low spurious
and distortion design techniques provide high quality synthesis of wideband signals from baseband to high intermediate frequencies.
• Low spurious and distortion design
• 6-carrier GSM IMD = 77 dBc at 75 MHz IF
• SFDR = 82 dBc at dc IF, –9 dBFS
• Flexible 8-lane JESD204B interface
• Supports input data rate >1.0 GSPS
• Support dual DAC mode at 2.8 GSPS
• Multiple chip synchronization
AD-FMCDAQ2-EBZ Rapid Prototyping and Development Board Incorporating the
AD9680 ADC and the AD9144 DAC
The AD-FMCDAQ2-EBZ rapid development and prototyping board is a high speed analog module,
incorporating the AD9680 dual-channel, 14-bit, 1.0 GSPS ADC and the AD9144 quad-channel, 16-bit,
2.8 GSPS TxDAC+ transmit DAC (configured as a dual-channel). This FMC module seamlessly connects to and operates within the Xilinx FPGA development platform ecosystem. This board is a 2 × 2
RF configuration, which is fully customizable by software without any hardware changes. It comes with
downloadable Linux® drivers and bare metal software drivers, schematics, board layout, and design aid
reference materials on the Analog Devices wiki site.
• Completely self-contained data acquisition and signal synthesis platform—capable of operation
with no external inputs
• Includes schematics, layout, BOM, Gerber files, HDL, Linux drivers, IIO Oscilloscope,
VisualANALOG,™ and application software
• FMC-compatible form factor
• Powered from single FMC connector
• Provides two channels of 14-bit, 1 GSPS analog-to-digital conversion and two channels of 16-bit,
2.8 GSPS digital-to-analog conversion with full synchronization capabilities
Visit the resource wiki page for the AD-FMCDAQ2-EBZ at
http://wiki.analog.com/resources/eval/user-guides/ad-fmcdaq2-ebz
AD-FMCADC2-EBZ Rapid Prototyping and Development Module Incorporating
the AD9625 ADC
The AD-FMCADC2-EBZ is a data acquisition and signal processing platform that contains a complete signal chain for digitizing wideband RF signals for a variety of high performance applications.
The board has operating software and drivers for seamless connectivity within the Xilinx FPGA
development platform ecosystem. This board is comprised of the AD9625.2.5 12-bit, 2.5 GSPS
JESD204B ADC, input balun, clock oscillator, and critical power management components.
• Module comprises the AD9625, 12-bit, 2.5 GSPS JESD204B ADC IC with input BALUN, clock
oscillator, and power management
• Includes schematics, layout, BOM, HDL, Linux drivers and application software
• FMC-compatible form factor
• Powered from a single FMC connector
Visit the resource wiki page for the AD-FMCADC2-EBZ at
http://wiki.analog.com/resources/eval/user-guides/ad-fmcadc2-ebz
www.analog.com/widebandRF | 5
High Performance Companion Components Are Critical in Optimizing Wideband RF Signal
Conversion Performance, and ADI Has the Solution
VIN–
VCC3
VCC2
VCC1
LP
PWUP
0dB TO 21dB
ATTEN
3
GND
4
GND
5
17
VOUT+
+15dB
1
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
6
MODE
• HD3 at 500 MHz: −82 dBc
VIN+
LATCH
• IMD3 at 1 GHz: −90 dBc
ADA4961
2
A0
• Low distortion
19
A1
• Power gain: −3 dB to +18 dB
20
FA/A2
• Voltage gain: −6 dB to +15 dB
21
CS/A3
• −1 dB bandwidth: 1.8 GHz
• Digitally adjustable gain
22
SCLK/A4
• −3 dB bandwidth: 2.5 GHz
23
SDIO
• High speed
24
EXPOSED
PAD
GND
The ADA4961 is a high performance Bi CMOS RF differential amplifier (DGA) optimized
for driving heavy loads out to 2.0 GHz and beyond. Typically, achieving −90 dBc IMD3
performance at 500 MHz and −85 dBc at 1.5 GHz, this device enables GHz converters
to achieve their optimum performance with minimal limitations of the driver amplifier or
constraints on overall power that typically result from GaAs amplifiers. This product can
easily drive 10-bit to 16-bit high speed ADCs.
VCC4
ADA4961 Driver Amplifier
16
VOUT–
18
NC
15
NC
14
NC
• HD3 at 1 GHz: −80 dBc
• HD3 at 1.5 GHz: −75 dBc
Low Jitter Data Converter Sampling Clocks
The AD9525 clock provides a low power, multioutput, clock distribution function with low jitter performance, along with an on-chip PLL that can be used
with an external VCO or VCXO. The VCO input and eight LVPECL outputs can operate up to a frequency of 3.6 GHz.
The AD9523 provides a low power, multioutput, clock distribution function with low jitter performance, along with an on-chip PLL and VCO. The AD9523 has
14 outputs configurable for LVPECL, LVDS, HSTL, and LVCMOS, and supports output frequencies of <1 MHz to 1 GHz.
Power Solutions
ADI offers a wide portfolio of power supply and management ICs that support the critical
requirements of wideband RF signal conversion applications. Examples of power ICs
utilized on ADI’s rapid prototyping and development FMC modules include:
• ADP1740: 2 A, low VIN dropout, linear regulator
• ADP150: Ultralow noise 150 mA LDO
• ADP2384: 20 V, 4 A, synchronous step-down dc-to-dc regulator
• ADP1753: 800 mA, low VIN, adjustable VOUT LDO regulator
• ADP7104: 20 V, 500 mA, low noise, CMOS LDO
Antenna to Bits and Back
The combined RF and microwave portfolios from Analog Devices and
Hittite Microwave include more than 2000 high performance products
from functional blocks to highly integrated solutions. Complemented by the
world’s leading data converters, Analog Devices is the only single source
supplier to cover the entire signal chain, from antenna to bits and back,
across the entire frequency spectrum up to 110 GHz.
| Wideband RF Signal Processing Solutions from ADI
6
Selection Tables
Key Wideband RF Signal Processing Solutions for the GSPS Data Conversion Stage Signal Chain Design
Part Number
Description
Attribute
Data Converter ICs
AD9625
12-bit, 2.0 GSPS/2.5 GSPS JESD204B ADC with dual downconverters
SFDR of 79 dBc @ 1 GHz AIN, and 75 dBc @ 1.8 GHz AIN
AD9680
Dual, 14-bit, 1.0 GSPS JESD204B ADC with digital downconverters
SFDR 0f 85 dBFS @ 340 MHz AIN, and 80 dBFS @ 1 GHz AIN
AD9144
Quad, 16-bit, 2.8 GSPS JESD204B TxDAC+ transmit DAC
82 dBc SFDR to Nyquist, –164 dBm/Hz noise spectral density
AD-FMCDAQ2-EBZ
FMC module comprised of AD9680, dual, 14-bit, 1.0 GSPS ADC, AD9144
quad, 16-bit, 2.8 GSPS DAC, AD9523-1 clock, power management, and
operating software
Enables rapid prototyping of dual synchronized 14-bit wideband RF data
acquisition and 16-bit signal synthesis channels, and JESD204B interface
AD-FMCADC2-EBZ
FMC module comprised of AD9625, 12-bit, 2.5 GSPS ADC, clock
oscillator, power management, and operating software
Enables rapid prototyping of dc to 1.8 GHz, 12-bit wideband RF data acquisition
channel and JESD204B interface; module is configured for synchronization of
multiple ADC2 boards
Low distortion, dc to 2.5 GHz ADC driver amplifier
−90 dBc IMD3 performance at 500 MHz and −85 dBc at 1.5 GHz
Low jitter clock generator with 14 outputs
Output frequency: <1 MHz to 1 GHz, on-chip PLL and VCO with two VCO dividers
ADP5040
1.2 A buck regulator and dual 200 mA LDOs
High switching frequency of the buck regulator enables the use of tiny
multilayer external components and minimizes board space
ADP2384
20 V, 4 A, synchronous step-down dc-to-dc regulator
This device uses a peak current mode, constant frequency pulse-width
modulation (PWM) control scheme for excellent stability and transient response
ADP7104
20 V, 500 mA, low noise, CMOS LDO
Using an advanced proprietary architecture, it provides high power supply
rejection and low noise, and achieves excellent line and load transient response
with just a small 1 μF ceramic output capacitor
ADP1740
2 A, low VIN dropout, linear regulator
This low VIN/VOUT LDO is ideal for regulation of nanometer FPGA geometries
operating from 2.5 V down to 1.8 V I/O rails, and powering core voltages down
to 0.75 V
ADP150
Ultralow noise 150 mA LDO
Using an innovative circuit topology, the ADP150 achieves ultralow noise
performance without the necessity of an additional noise bypass capacitor,
making it ideal for noise sensitive analog and RF applications
FMC Modules
Driver Amplifier
ADA4961
Converter Clocks
AD9523-1
Power Supplies
Wideband RF Signal Processing Solutions for the Complete Antenna to Bits and Back RF Signal Chain Design
Part Number
Description
RF Amplifiers
ADL5601, ADL5602
50 MHz to 4 GHz broadband 20 dB linear amplifiers providing the highest dynamic range available from an internally matched gain block.
ADL5320
400 MHz to 2700 MHz, ¼ W RF driver amplifier with a dynamically adjustable biasing circuit that allows for the customization of OIP3 and P1 dB
performance from 3.3 V to 5 V without the need for an external bias resistor.
ADL5604
700 MHz to 2700 MHz, 1 W RF driver amplifier that is highly linear and has a very low power consumption, enabling the driver to be packaged in a compact
16-lead, 4 mm × 4 mm LFCSP.
ADL5610, ADL5611
30 MHz to 6 GHz RF/IG gain block for high performance applications, providing a low noise figure of 2.2 dB with a very high OIP3 of more than 38 dBm
simultaneously, which delivers a high dynamic range.
ADL5544, ADL5545
Single-ended RF/IF gain block amplifier for low power applications that provides broadband operation from 30 MHz to 6 GHz. Provides over 34 dBm of OIP3
using only 55 mA from a 5 V supply.
Low Noise Amplifiers
ADL5523, ADL5521
400 MHz to 4000 MHz low noise GaAs pHEMT amplifier providing high gain and low noise figure for single downconversion IF sampling receiver
architectures as well as direct downconversion receivers.
Power Detector
ADL5501
50 MHz to 6 GHz TruPwr™ detector for true power measurement of simple and complex waveforms. The device is particularly useful for measuring high
crest factor (high peak-to-rms ratio) signals, such as CDMA-, CDMA2000-, W-CDMA-, and QPSK-/QAM-based OFDM waveforms.
PLLs
ADF5355
ADF4351, ADF4355-2
HMC703
Wideband synthesizer with integrated VCO has a fundamental output frequency ranging from 3.5 GHz to 7 GHz, and divide-by-1/-2/-4/-8/-16/-32/-64
circuits allow the user to generate RF output frequencies as low as 55 MHz.
Wideband synthesizer with integrated VCOs has fractional-N or integer-N phase-locked loop (PLL) frequency synthesizers if used with an external loop filter
and external reference frequency.
8 GHz fractional-N PLL with sweeper, dc to 8 GHz RF input, exhibits the best phase noise and spurious performance in the industry enabling higher order
modulation schemes while minimizing blocker effects in high performance radios.
Wideband Mixer
HMC170
2.5 GHz to 4 GHz mixer can handle larger signal levels than most active mixers due to the high third-order intercept. MMIC implementation provides
exceptional balance in the circuit, resulting in high LO/RF and LO/IF isolations and unit-to-unit consistency.
www.analog.com/widebandRF | 7
Online Tools And Resources
Visit the Wideband RF Signal Processing Resource Website at
www.analog.com/widebandrf
You’ll find resources and technical information relating to every stage of your wideband RF
signal chain design journey:
• Technical articles
• Webcasts
• Videos
• Product information
• Support resources
• And more …
Analog Devices, Inc.
Worldwide Headquarters
Analog Devices, Inc.
One Technology Way
P.O. Box 9106
Norwood, MA 02062-9106
U.S.A.
Tel: 781.329.4700
(800.262.5643,
U.S.A. only)
Fax: 781.461.3113
EngineerZone® Online Support Community
Find answers to your design questions. Join our engineer
communities at ez.analog.com.
• Wideband RF transceivers
• FPGA reference designs
• Linux and microcontroller device drivers
Analog Devices, Inc.
Europe Headquarters
Analog Devices, Inc.
Wilhelm-Wagenfeld-Str. 6
80807 Munich
Germany
Tel: 49.89.76903.0
Fax: 49.89.76903.157
Analog Devices, Inc.
Japan Headquarters
Analog Devices, KK
New Pier Takeshiba
South Tower Building
1-16-1 Kaigan, Minato-ku,
Tokyo, 105-6891
Japan
Tel: 813.5402.8200
Fax: 813.5402.1064
Analog Devices, Inc.
Asia Pacific Headquarters
Analog Devices
5F, Sandhill Plaza
2290 Zuchongzhi Road
Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park
Pudong New District
Shanghai, China 201203
Tel: 86.21.2320.8000
Fax: 86.21.2320.8222
©2014 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved.
Trademarks and registered trademarks are the
property of their respective owners.
Printed in the U.S.A.
BR12627-.5-9/14
www.analog.com/widebandRF
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement