Memtech AT3515 User guide
AT3515 3.5” Bulldog
3.5” IDE Solid State Flash Drive
User Guide
80-03-00037
Revision 1.1
April 2006
Memtech SSD Corporation
2107 N. First Street, Suite 415
San Jose, CA 95131
(408) 452-1277
(800)445-5511
www.memtech.com
Table of Contents
1.
HIGHLIGHTS ........................................................................................................... 3
2.
INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................................... 3
3.
INSTALLATION ....................................................................................................... 4
3.1 PROCEDURE ......................................................................................................... 4
3.1.1
3.1.2
3.1.3
3.1.4
3.1.5
3.1.6
3.1.7
ESD precautions ............................................................................................................... 4
Configuration..................................................................................................................... 4
Connector.......................................................................................................................... 4
Mounting ........................................................................................................................... 5
Computer setup................................................................................................................. 5
Partition ............................................................................................................................. 6
Format ............................................................................................................................... 6
3.2 JUMPERS ............................................................................................................. 6
3.2.1
3.2.2
3.2.3
3.2.4
3.2.5
MASTER ........................................................................................................................... 7
SLAVE............................................................................................................................... 7
CABLE SELECT ............................................................................................................... 7
WRITE PROTECT ............................................................................................................ 8
FACTORY DEFAULT........................................................................................................ 8
3.3 IDE INTERFACE .................................................................................................... 9
3.3.1
4.
IDE Connector Pinout ....................................................................................................... 9
OPERATION ............................................................................................................ 9
4.1
ECC ..................................................................................................................... 9
4.2 MTBF................................................................................................................ 10
4.3 POWER .............................................................................................................. 10
4.3.1
4.3.2
4.3.3
Power Down.................................................................................................................... 10
Power supply................................................................................................................... 10
Power routing .................................................................................................................. 11
5.
MAINTENANCE ..................................................................................................... 11
6.
SPECIFICATIONS ................................................................................................. 12
6.1 INTERFACE ......................................................................................................... 12
6.2 PERFORMANCE ................................................................................................... 12
6.3 ENVIRONMENTAL ................................................................................................ 12
6.4 POWER REQUIREMENTS ...................................................................................... 12
6.5 MECHANICAL ...................................................................................................... 12
7.
APPENDIX ............................................................................................................. 13
7.1
CONTACT INFORMATION ....................................................................................... 13
7.2 ATA SPECIFICATION INFORMATION ....................................................................... 13
7.3 LIMITED LIFETIME WARRANTY .............................................................................. 13
3.5” Bulldog User Guide
April 10, 2006
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1. HIGHLIGHTS
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•
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128 Mbyte to 8 Gbyte uncompressed capacity
Full -40oC to +85oC operating temperature range
5 volt, low power operation
Completely solid state - no moving parts and no batteries
Extremely Rugged - 1000G operating shock, 15G operating vibration
3.5” drive form factor with a 40-pin, 0.1in standard IDE interface
72-bit Reed-Solomon ECC for exceptional data reliability
Power hold-up circuit
0.3 millisecond access time
6 Mbyte/secon sustained Read throughput
6 Mbyte/second sustained Write throughput
Pending CE and CSA Safety Compliance
2. INTRODUCTION
The AT3515 is the low-cost, 3.5” member of the Bulldog Family of drives available today.
With a maximum capacity of 8 Gbytes in a standard 3.5” drive form factor, it delivers
exceptional value for its features. It is completely solid state, with no moving parts. This
accounts for the unit’s exceptional ruggedness and wide operating temperature range.
The AT3515 employs sector erasable NAND EEPROMs (Flash) to deliver up to 8
Gbytes of uncompressed, non-volatile solid state storage in an extremely small, rugged
form factor. Sustained host data throughput is a 6 Mbytes per seconds for reads and 6
Mbytes/second for writes. The drive is 100% IDE compatible and requires no special
drivers to operate. It is essentially a drop in replacement for standard rotating media.
The IDE interface is implemented using an application specific IDE Flash controller with
an integrated 72-bit Reed-Solomon error detection and on-the-fly correction mechanism
that enhance data reliability. The ECC circuitry, in conjunction with the controller’s
remapping algorithms, makes for a virtually bulletproof medium for data retention.
The drive is available in a number of standard capacities ranging from 128 Mbytes to 8
Gbytes. Please contact the factory with your capacity requirements. Disk compression
utilities may be used to effectively double the usable capacity of the drive.
Each drive is fully tested under environmental and voltage extremes, to guarantee data
integrity in even the harshest conditions.
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April 10, 2006
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3. INSTALLATION
3.1 PROCEDURE
3.1.1 ESD PRECAUTIONS
Static electricity kills... electronics! Before handling the AT3515, please observe the
following precautions to avoid ESD damage to the unit:
•
•
•
Keep the drive in its shielded bag until ready to install.
Ground yourself by touching a grounded chassis frame of the computer, or use a
grounded wrist strap before and during the installation process.
Do not touch the exposed drive electronics or connectors. Always handle the drive
by the edges or mounting rails.
3.1.2 CONFIGURATION
Configure the drive using the jumper diagrams given in Section 3.2. The drive is
shipped configured for a single drive system or as the master in a two-drive system.
Change the configuration as required. Never attempt to change the jumpers while the
drive is plugged in and the computer is on.
3.1.3 CONNECTOR
The drive may be interfaced directly to a standard 3.5”, 0.1inch IDE socket connector or
a standard 40pin IDE ribbon and AT power cable. See drawing below for pin 1 location.
Care should be taken when installing the AT3515 into the system, as misalignment can
permanently damage the drive interface connector or electronics.
Figure 1 - Drive Connector
3.5” Bulldog User Guide
April 10, 2006
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3.1.4 MOUNTING
The AT3515 may be mounted in any orientation. A total of four bottom and six side
mounting holes are available for installation. The mounting holes require 6-32 screws
with a maximum depth of 0.25 inch.
The diagram given below is valid for all capacities of the AT3515 drive. The overall
outside dimensions are 4 inches (101.6 mm) wide, 5.56 inches (141.22mm) long, and
0.473 inches (12 mm) tall. Please refer to the following drawing for dimensions and
mounting-hole locations.
Figure 2 - Mechanical Dimensions
3.1.5 COMPUTER SETUP
To be recognized by the computer, the drive translation information must typically be
entered into the System Setup or CMOS Setup utility. For non-PC compatible
computers, this may not apply. The AT3515 supports automatic detection and
configuration if offered by the BIOS. If the drive configuration must be manually entered,
select drive type USER and use the table below to determine proper setup parameters.
Automatic CHS translation and LBA mode is supported. Note that a MB is equal to
1024*1024 bytes.
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April 10, 2006
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Drive Type
AT3515-128
AT3515-256
AT3515-384
AT3515-512
AT3515-768
AT3515-1024
AT3515-2048
AT3515-3072
AT3515-4096
AT3515-6144
AT3515-8192
Physical
Capacity
128 MB
256 MB
384 MB
512 MB
768 MB
1024 MB
2048 MB
3072MB
4096MB
6144MB
8192MB
Cylinders
977
980
745
993
1489
1986
3969
5953
7937
11628
15504
Heads
8
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
Sectors
32
32
63
63
63
63
63
63
63
63
63
Available
Capacity
122 MB
245 MB
366 MB
489 MB
732 MB
977 MB
1953MB
2930 MB
3906.5 MB
5723.2 MB
7630.9 MB
3.1.6 PARTITION
The drive must be partitioned using the system’s FDISK utility. For operating systems
other than DOS, please refer to your OS operating guides. Note that changing the
partition information will erase all data currently on the drive. Refer to your OS manual
for information regarding partitioning a hard disk.
3.1.7 FORMAT
The AT3515 is low-level formatted at the factory, which establishes the 512-byte sector
size. A high-level format is required after the partition has been established on the drive.
Refer to your OS manual for information regarding hard disk drive format procedures.
3.2 JUMPERS
The following diagram illustrates the location of the drive selection jumper on the
AT3515. The jumper configuration controls the drive selection and write protection. The
jumper required is a 2-pin shorting plug on 0.1in centers.
Figure 3 - Configuration Jumpers
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April 10, 2006
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3.2.1 MASTER
The drive is configured as a master device if no jumper is installed or if the jumper is
installed on the master jumper block.
3.2.2 SLAVE
The slave jumper allows the drive to be configured as a slave.
3.2.3 CABLE SELECT
The Cable Select jumper allows the drive to be configured as a master or slave as
determined by the drive’s position on an IDE cable. A maximum of two drives may be
connected to one standard IDE cable.
3.5” Bulldog User Guide
April 10, 2006
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3.2.4 WRITE PROTECT
The Write Protect jumper prevents data from being written to the drive.
3.2.5 FACTORY DEFAULT
The factory default configuration is master. No jumpers are installed.
3.5” Bulldog User Guide
April 10, 2006
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3.3 IDE INTERFACE
The AT3515 uses a unitized signal and power connector. Maximum cable length is 18
inches. Recommended cable length is 12 inches or less, especially if advanced PIO or
DMA transfer modes are used.
3.3.1 IDE CONNECTOR PINOUT
The signal to pin assignment for the 40-pin IDE interface connector is listed in the
following table.
PIN
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31
33
35
37
39
SIGNAL
RESETDATA7
DATA6
DATA5
DATA4
DATA3
DATA2
DATA1
DATA0
GND
DMARQ
IOWIORIOCHRDY
DMACKIRQ
ADDR1
ADDR0
CS0DASP-
PIN
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
SIGNAL
GND
DATA8
DATA9
DATA10
DATA11
DATA12
DATA13
DATA14
DATA15
KEY (NO PIN)
GND
GND
GND
CSEL
GND
IOCS16PDIAGADDR2
CS1GND
4. OPERATION
4.1 ECC
The IDE controller utilizes a 72-bit Reed-Solomon Error Detection Code (EDC) and Error
Correction Code (ECC), which provides the following error immunity for each 512-byte
block of data:
1. Corrects up to three random 12-bit symbol errors.
2. Corrects single bursts up to 25 bits.
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April 10, 2006
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4.2 MTBF
The MTBF can be logically calculated in hours using the following formula.
# Flash Chips * # Blocks *Re-programming Cycles * Area Rate
MTBF = -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Average Programming Sectors per hour (1 sector = 512 bytes)
Note: The program area is the area that is not changed once it has been programmed.
The remainder of the drive is thus considered “Reprogrammable”. In the case
where 32 Kbytes (64 sectors) are written every 5 minutes into an area occupying
30% of a 512 MB disk (1 Gbit x 4 chips), the MTBF is calculated as shown below:
MTBF = (4*8192*250,000*0.3)/(64*12)
= 3.2 million hours (350 years)
4.3 POWER
4.3.1 POWER DOWN
The AT3515 is shipped with Memtech’s proprietary Kicker™ hold-up circuit. The
Kicker™ provides enough residual power for the drive to complete a write sequence,
thus avoiding data corruption.
Still, it is recommended that power not be removed from any mass storage device while
a write sequence is in progress. This is especially true when disk-caching programs are
being used. Though the Kicker™ protects against data corruption and media errors, it
cannot prevent OS or file errors from occurring. These types of errors arise when the
OS breaks a large transfer into many smaller ones, and only part of the transfer arrives
from the host.
4.3.2 POWER SUPPLY
The AT3515 voltage requirement is specified at +5 volts, +/- 5%. Operation outside of
these limits is not guaranteed. Note that the drive will “operate” below this voltage, but
reliability issues such as uncorrectable errors or invalid data reads may occur. An on
board voltage monitor will inhibit writes when the on-board supply voltage falls below 3
volts, thus preserving data integrity on the drive.
3.5” Bulldog User Guide
April 10, 2006
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4.3.3 POWER ROUTING
Bad power can lead to bad data. To avoid “glitches” or noise on the Vcc and ground
lines, power in the system should be routed so that all peripherals are sourced from the
power supply in a star configuration, as opposed to routing a single continuous supply
line to each device in the system. Routing power in the star configuration, as is done on
most desktop PCs, will minimize the effect on one device’s current draw on another
device. This is key to maintaining data integrity on the AT3515. See diagrams below.
Star Topology
Daisy Chain - Do Not Use
Power Supply
Power Supply
Main Board
Hard Disk
Floppy
Main Board
Hard Disk
Floppy
5. MAINTENANCE
No maintenance is required during the normal use of this drive.
If data is to be archived for long periods of time (> 10 years), it is recommended that the
data on the drive be refreshed every 5 to 10 years. The manufacturer of the NAND
E2PROM devices will only guarantee data integrity for a period of 10 years. Programs
such as Norton Speedisk©, which reallocates all sectors on the drive, or Microsoft®
Scandisk, which writes and reads every sector on the disk during its surface test,
achieve this end very well.
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April 10, 2006
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6. SPECIFICATIONS
6.1 INTERFACE
IDE Compatibility
IDE Drive Number
Physical Capacity
Physical Sector Size
ATA-3 compliant
Drive 0 or 1
128 Mbytes to 8 Gbytes
512 bytes
6.2 PERFORMANCE
Average Access
Track/Track Access
Sequential Read
Sequential Write
Random Read
Random Write
Weighted Average
0.3 ms
0.3 ms
6 Mbytes/sec sustained
6 Mbytes/sec sustained
6 Mbytes/sec sustained
6 Mbytes/sec sustained
6 Mbytes/sec
6.3 ENVIRONMENTAL
Commercial Temperature Range
Operating
0o to 70o C
Storage
-55oC to 125o C
Extended Temperature Range
Operating
-20oC to 75oC
Storage
-55oC to 125o C
Industrial Temperature Range
Operating
-40o to 85o C
Storage
-55o to 125o C
Shock - operating
1000G Operating
Vibration - operating
15G Random
Airflow
None required
Humidity
5% to 95% Non-condensing
6.4 POWER REQUIREMENTS
Voltage
Current
Idle
Read
Write
5V +/- 5%
AT3515-2048
1.5 mA
25 mA
35 mA
6.5 MECHANICAL
Length
Width
Height
Cable Interface
Max. Cable Length
Rec. Cable Length
Weight
3.5” Bulldog User Guide
5.56 inches (141.22 mm)
4.00 inches (101.60 mm)
0.47 inches (12.01 mm)
40-pin, 0.1in
18 inches (457 mm)
12 inches (305 mm)
(2048 Mbytes) 7.3 oz (208 g)
April 10, 2006
page 12 of 13
7. APPENDIX
7.1 CONTACT INFORMATION
For Technical Support or Warranty Repair information, please contact Memtech at:
Memtech SSD Corporation
2107 N. First Street, Suite 415
San Jose, CA 95131
phone: (408) 452-1277 or (800) 445-5511
fax: (408) 452-7936
7.2 ATA SPECIFICATION INFORMATION
Information regarding the ATA-3 specification may be obtained from the following
locations:
AT-Attachment Document Distribution
Global Engineering
15 Inverness Way East
Englewood, Co. 80112-5704
Phone: (303) 792-2181 or (800) 854-7179
Fax: (303) 792-2192
ATA Anonymous FTP Site
http://fission.dt.wdc.com
ATA3 directory is: “/pub/standards/ata/ata-3”
7.3 LIMITED LIFETIME WARRANTY
Memtech warrants your AT3515 against defects in material and workmanship for the life
of the drive. The warranty is void in the case of misuse, accident, alteration, improper
installation, misapplication or the result of unauthorized service or repair.
The implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose, and all
other warranties, expressed or implied, except as set forth in this warranty, shall not
apply to the products delivered.
In no event shall Memtech be liable for any lost profits, lost savings or other incidental or
consequential damages arising out of the use of, or inability to use, this product.
BEFORE RETURNING PRODUCT, A RETURN MATERIAL AUTHORIZATION (RMA)
MUST BE OBTAINED FROM MEMTECH.
Product shall be returned to Memtech with shipping prepaid. If the product fails to
conform and warranty repair is necessary, Memtech will reimburse customer for the
transportation charges incurred.
3.5” Bulldog User Guide
April 10, 2006
page 13 of 13
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