Andor Technology | iKon-L | User`s guide | Andor Technology iKon-L User`s guide

Andor Technology iKon-L User`s guide
USER’S GUIDE TO:
www.andor.com
 Andor plc 2009
Software Version 2.90
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE
SECTION 1 - INTRODUCTION
10
TECHNICAL SUPPORT
11
SOFTWARE IMPROVEMENTS AND ADDITIONAL FEATURES
11
SECTION 2 - SOFTWARE INSTALLATIONS
22
PC requirements
22
SDK WINDOWS INSTALLATION
Windows Troubleshooting
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24
SDK LINUX INSTALLATION
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LABVIEW INSTALLATION
Linux Troubleshooting
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SECTION 3 - READOUT MODES
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INTRODUCTION
Full Vertical Binning
Single-Track
Multi-Track
Random-Track
Image
Cropped
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SECTION 4 - ACQUISITION MODES
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ACQUISITION MODE TYPES
Single Scan
Accumulate
Kinetic Series
Run Till Abort
Fast Kinetics
Frame Transfer
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SECTION 5 - TRIGGERING
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TRIGGER MODES
Internal
External
External Start
External Exposure
External FVB EM
Software
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SECTION 6 - SHIFT SPEEDS
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SDK
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 7 - SHUTTER CONTROL
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SHUTTER MODES
Fully Auto
Hold Open
Hold Closed
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SHUTTER TYPE
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SHUTTER TRANSFER TIME
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SECTION 8 - TEMPERATURE CONTROL
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SECTION 9 - SPECIAL GUIDES
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CONTROLLING MULTIPLE CAMERAS
64
USING MULTIPLE CAMERA FUNCTIONS
65
DATA RETRIEVAL METHODS
How to determine when new data is available
Retrieving Image Data
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DETERMINING CAMERA CAPABILITIES
Retrieving capabilities from the camera
Other Capabilities
Output Amplifiers
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iCam
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OptAcquire
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SECTION 10 - EXAMPLES
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INTRODUCTION
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RUNNING THE EXAMPLES
C
LabVIEW
Visual Basic
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FLOW CHART OF THE FUNCTION CALLS NEEDED TO CONTROL ANDOR CAMERA
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SECTION 11 - FUNCTIONS
91
AbortAcquisition
CancelWait
CoolerOFF
CoolerON
DemosaicImage
EnableKeepCleans
FreeInternalMemory
Filter_GetAveragingFactor
Filter_GetAveragingFrameCount
Filter_GetDataAveragingMode
Filter_GetMode
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Filter_GetThreshold
Filter_SetAveragingFactor
Filter_SetAveragingFrameCount
Filter_SetDataAveragingMode
Filter_SetMode
Filter_SetThreshold
GetAcquiredData
GetAcquiredData16
GetAcquiredFloatData
GetAcquisitionProgress
GetAcquisitionTimings
GetAdjustedRingExposureTimes
GetAIIDMAData
GetAmpDesc
GetAmpMaxSpeed
GetAvailableCameras
GetBackground
GetBaselineClamp
GetBitDepth
GetCameraEventStatus
GetCameraHandle
GetCameraInformation
GetCameraSerialNumber
GetCapabilities
GetControllerCardModel
GetCountConvertWavelengthRange
GetCurrentCamera
GetDDGPulse
GetDDGIOCFrequency
GetDDGIOCNumber
GetDDGIOCPulses
GetDetector
GetDICameraInfo
GetDualExposureTimes
GetEMCCDGain
GetEMGainRange
GetFastestRecommendedVSSpeed
GetFIFOUsage
GetFilterMode
GetFKExposureTime
GetFKVShiftSpeed
GetFKVShiftSpeedF
GetHardwareVersion
GetHeadModel
GetHorizontalSpeed
GetHSSpeed
GetHVflag
GetID
GetImageFlip
GetImageRotate
GetImages
GetImages16
GetImagesPerDMA
GetIRQ
GetKeepCleanTime
GetMaximumBinning
GetMaximumExposure
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
GetMCPGain
GetMCPGainRange
GetMCPVoltage
GetMetaDataInfo
GetMinimumImageLength
GetMostRecentColorImage16
GetMostRecentImage
GetMostRecentImage16
GetMSTimingsData
GetMSTimingsEnabled
GetNewData
GetNewData16
GetNewData8
GetNewFloatData
GetNumberADChannels
GetNumberAmp
GetNumberAvailableImages
GetNumberDevices
GetNumberFKVShiftSpeeds
GetNumberHorizontalSpeeds
GetNumberHSSpeeds
GetNumberNewImages
GetNumberPhotonCountingDivisions
GetNumberPreAmpGains
GetNumberRingExposureTimes
GetNumberIO
GetNumberVerticalSpeeds
GetNumberVSAmplitudes
GetNumberVSSpeeds
GetOldestImage
GetOldestImage16
GetPhysicalDMAAddress
GetPixelSize
GetPreAmpGain
GetPreAmpGainText
GetQE
GetReadOutTime
GetRegisterDump
GetRingExposureRange
GetSensitivity
GetSizeOfCircularBuffer
GetSlotBusDeviceFunction
GetSoftwareVersion
GetSpoolProgress
GetStatus
GetTemperature
GetTemperatureF
GetTemperatureRange
GetTemperatureStatus
GetTotalNumberImagesAcquired
GetIODirection
GetIOLevel
GetVersionInfo
GetVerticalSpeed
GetVirtualDMAAddress
GetVSSpeed
GPIBReceive
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
GPIBSend
I2CBurstRead
I2CBurstWrite
I2CRead
I2CReset
I2CWrite
IdAndorDll
InAuxPort
Initialize
InitializeDevice
IsCoolerOn
IsCountConvertModeAvailable
IsInternalMechanicalShutter
IsAmplifierAvailable
IsPreAmpGainAvailable
IsTriggerModeAvailable
Merge
OA_AddMode
OA_DeleteMode
OA_EnableMode
OA_GetFloat
OA_GetInt
OA_GetModeAcqParams
OA_GetNumberOfAcqParams
OA_GetNumberOfPreSetModes
OA_GetNumberOfUserModes
OA_GetPreSetModeNames
OA_GetString
OA_GetUserModeNames
OA_SetFloat
OA_SetInt
OA_SetString
OA_WriteToFile
OutAuxPort
PrepareAcquisition
PostProcessCountConvert
PostProcessNoiseFilter
PostProcessPhotonCounting
SaveAsBmp
SaveAsCommentedSif
SaveAsEDF
SaveAsFITS
SaveAsRaw
SaveAsSif
SaveAsSPC
SaveAsTiff
SaveAsTiffEx
SaveEEPROMToFile
SaveToClipBoard
SelectDevice
SendSoftwareTrigger
SetAccumulationCycleTime
SetAcqStatusEvent
SetAcquisitionMode
SetAcquisitionType
SetADChannel
SetAdvancedTriggerModeState
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
SetBackground
SetBaselineClamp
SetBaselineOffset
SetCameraStatusEnable
SetComplexImage
SetCoolerMode
SetCountConvertMode
SetCountConvertWavelength
SetCropMode
SetCurrentCamera
SetCustomTrackHBin
SetDACOutputScale
SetDACOutput
SetDataType
SetDDGAddress
SetDDGGain
SetDDGGateStep
SetDDGInsertionDelay
SetDDGIntelligate
SetDDGIOC
SetDDGIOCFrequency
SetDDGIOCNumber
SetDDGTimes
SetDDGTriggerMode
SetDDGVariableGateStep
SetDelayGenerator
SetDMAParameters
SetDriverEvent
SetDualExposureMode
SetDualExposureTimes
SetEMAdvanced
SetEMCCDGain
SetEMClockCompensation
SetEMGainMode
SetExposureTime
SetFanMode
SetFastKinetics
SetFastKineticsEx
SetFastExtTrigger
SetFilterMode
SetFilterParameters
SetFKVShiftSpeed
SetFPDP
SetFrameTransferMode
SetFullImage
SetFVBHBin
SetGain
SetGate
SetGateMode
SetHighCapacity
SetHorizontalSpeed
SetHSSpeed
SetImage
SetImageFlip
SetImageRotate
SetIsolatedCropMode
SetKineticCycleTime
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
SetMCPGain
SetMCPGating
SetMessageWindow
SetMetaData
SetMultiTrack
SetMultiTrackHBin
SetMultiTrackHRange
SetNextAddress
SetNextAddress16
SetNumberAccumulations
SetNumberKinetics
SetNumberPrescans
SetOutputAmplifier
SetOverlapMode
SetPCIMode
SetPhotonCounting
SetPhotonCountingDivisions
SetPhotonCountingThreshold
SetPixelMode
SetPreAmpGain
SetRandomTracks
SetReadMode
SetRegisterDump
SetRingExposureTimes
SetSaturationEvent
SetShutter
SetShutterEx
SetShutters
SetSifComment
SetSingleTrack
SetSingleTrackHBin
SetSpool
SetSpoolThreadCount
SetStorageMode
SetTemperature
SetTriggerInvert
SetTriggerMode
SetIODirection
SetIOLevel
SetUserEvent
SetVerticalRowBuffer
SetVerticalSpeed
SetVirtualChip
SetVSAmplitude
SetVSSpeed
ShutDown
StartAcquisition
UnMapPhysicalAddress
WaitForAcquisition
WaitForAcquisitionByHandle
WaitForAcquisitionByHandleTimeOut
WaitForAcquisitionTimeOut
WhiteBalance
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SECTION 12 - ERROR CODES
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SDK
TABLE OF CONTENTS
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 13 - DETECTOR.INI
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DETECTOR.INI EXPLAINED
266
[SYSTEM]
267
[COOLING]
268
[DETECTOR]
Format
DummyPixels
DataHShiftSpeed
DataVShiftSpeed
DummyHShiftSpeed
DummyVShiftSpeed
VerticalHorizontalTime
CodeFile
FlexFile
Cooling
Type
FKVerticalShiftSpeed
Gain
PhotonCountingCCD
EMCCDRegisterSize
iStar
SlowVerticalSpeedFactor
HELLFunction
HELLLoop1
ADChannels
AD2DataHSSpeed
AD2DumpHSSpeed
AD2BinHSSpeed
AD2Pipeline
iXon
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EXAMPLE DETECTOR.INI FILES
DH220
DV420
DV437
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[CONTROLLER]
ReadOutSpeeds
PipeLine
Type
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page 9
INTRODUCTION
SECTION 1 - INTRODUCTION
The Andor Software Development Kit (SDK) gives the programmer access to the Andor range of CCD and
Intensified CCD cameras. The key part of the SDK is the Dynamic Link Library (DLL) which can be used with a
wide variety of programming environments, including, C, C++, C#, Visual Basic and LabVIEW. The library is
compatible with Windows 2000, XP, Vista and Windows 7. A Linux version of the SDK is also available.
Currently, Andor provides both 32-bit and 64-bit versions of the SDK, for Windows and Linux.
The SDK provides a suite of functions that allow you to configure the data acquisition process in a number of
different ways. There are also functions to control the CCD temperature and shutter operations. The driver will
automatically handle its own internal memory requirements.
To use the SDK effectively, the user must develop a software package to configure the acquisition, provide
memory management, process the data captured, and create the user interface.
The manual is broken into several sections, and it is recommended that the user read Sections 1 - 10 before
starting to use the SDK. These sections describe the installation process, camera initialization/configuration
and data capture.
Section 11 is a complete function reference detailing the function syntax, parameters passed and error codes
returned.
To further aid the user there is a comprehensive list of examples included with the SDK. The examples
illustrate the use of C, Visual Basic and LabVIEW.
SDK
SECTION 1
Page 10
INTRODUCTION
TECHNICAL SUPPORT
Contact details for your nearest representative can be found on our website.
SOFTWARE IMPROVEMENTS AND ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Version 2.90.30004.0
New features:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
USB iStar now supported
Added function GetNumberPhotonCountingDivisions
Added function GetPreAmpGainText
Added 64-bit C# wrapper
Added Shamrock C# wrapper
Added 64-bit VB.NET header
Added 64-bit LabVIEW support
•
Added support for 50kHz and 1MHz on iKonM-PV inspector system
Bug fixes:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
GetKeepCleanTime not implemented for DV885
The maximum binning should be limited by the size of the AD pipeline
Recursive filter was not being reset between acquisitions.
Frame Averaging filter was not working in frame transfer mode.
Fixed crash on shudown with iKon-L
Fixed crash if GetAcquisitionTimings is called for random tracks before tracks are set up.
Removed some memory leaks
Incorrect timings from GetAcquisitionTimings on Clara.
Fixed saving random tracks to Fits.
Luca S did not support temperature control.
Minimum image length for a DU860 increased to 6 to avoid problems with isolated crop mode.
Fixed SetPreAmpGain and IsPreAmpGainAvailable functions to check that the preamp gain index
parameter is within range.
Fixed data glitch on DV885 in frame transfer, external exposure mode (requires firmware upgrade)
Version 2.88.30002.0
New features:
•
•
•
•
Added SDK function IsCountConvertModeAvailable to limit acquisition settings available for count
convert.
Added support for new iKon-L systems.
Added support for new iKon-M systems.
Added OptAcquire support for DV885 systems.
Bug fixes:
•
•
•
•
•
Fixed race condition in WaitForAcquisitionTimeout.
Image in crop mode on DU860 was shifting by 4 pixels for heights of less than 4.
Fixed SR303 hardware issue where the step position of the wavelength drive will move when
powered on.
SetPCIMode should return DRV_NOT_SUPPORTED when not using the CCI-23/CCI-24 card.
All Shamrock LabVIEW function names prepended with shamrock_ to avoid conflicts.
SDK
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INTRODUCTION
Version 2.88.30000.0
New features:
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•
•
•
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•
•
•
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Added OptAcquire feature to simplify configuration of iXon systems
Added Count Convert feature to return data as photons or electrons
Added Data Averaging feature for real time and post processing
Added Spurious noise Filters for both real time and post processing
Added Photon Counting post processing option
Andor LabVIEW library updated to use version 8.0
Added Dual Exposure Mode for iKon-L
Updated SIFIO to enable the retrieval of calibration data
Updated Shamrock SDK to include a calibration for Zolix spectrographs
Added SDK function and capability for GetBaselineClamp
Changed keep clean in FVB mode for iXon to prevent temperature drift
Bug fixes:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Updated capability options for C#
Updated Andor LabVIEW library
Shutter open/close times fixed for Auto mode
Fixed EM gain control when using multiple systems from the same executable
Fixed isolated crop mode when data is being accumulated
Fixed issues with control of multiple systems with multiple threads
Fixed exposure time in software trigger mode when using large cycle time
Fixed memory leak in GetAvailableCameras function
Fixed random tracks stopping in video mode
Version 2.87.30000.0
New features:
•
•
•
•
•
Clara E now supported
Newton DU970/71P cameras now supported
Cycle time reduced for imaging on Newton and iVac systems
Number of accumulations can now be set in a kinetic series in overlap mode
FVB cycle time reduced in crop mode provided only the height of the sensor has been cropped
Bug fixes:
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Clara near infra red mode not operating correctly when using FVB read mode
Minimum exposure time increased to 1 millisecond for Clara near infra red mode
Change to remove odd/even pixel noise after a number of accumulations in iDus
Change to resolve image wrap around on Newton sensors
Image was being shifted between frames when photon counting was being used on a Clara
Fast kinetics now working in FVB mode
First pulse missed in ring of exposures on Clara
Updated bitmap header data to allow avi's to play in Windows 7
Multiple systems was not supported for 64-bit Windows
TimeStamp from Clara meta data was incorrect for a kinetic series of accumulations
Video mode was eventually freezing in iCam PCI systems
Fix for Spooling to fits issue in Windows 7
Fix for image shift seen in DU940P newton cameras
SDK
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INTRODUCTION
Version 2.86.30000.0
New features:
•
•
•
•
•
Clara meta data now stored in sif file format
Vertical and horizontal flip tags added to the FITS header
Newton now supports multiple images per USB interrupt to reduce CPU load
Support added for new revision of Newton DU920P
Control of gate mode added to iStar floating toolbar
Bug fixes:
•
•
•
•
•
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Fixed bug where SetPhotonCountingThreshold was always returning DRV_NOT_SUPPORTED
Fixed reported acquisition timings for external trigger non frame transfer mode
Fixed the SDK flipper mirror issue (problem with the port numbers being used) and updated shipped
examples
GetFIFOUsage is now thread safe
USB driver for SR500 and SR750 updated to avoid conflicts with servo controllers
Fixed External trigger, frame transfer, video mode operation
Version 2.85.30000.0
New features:
•
•
•
•
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Andor Clara image quality improved
Option to run external exposure in a kinetic series for all cameras which support iCam
Photon Counting check added to GetCapabilities
Added kinetic cycle time tag to spooled tiff files
PrepareAcquisition now returns an error if insufficient memory available
Bug fixes:
•
SetSpool now returns DRV_NOT_AVAILABLE under Linux when trying to spool to FITS
•
Fixed crash on initialize when no Andor cameras were connected
•
Fixed problem with reinitializing Shamrock models SR500 and SR750
•
Fixed problem where calling IsCoolerOn during an acquisition could stop the acquisition
•
Fixed issue where events from a previous acquisition were not getting cleared
•
Additional pixel shift removed from overlap mode on Clara
Version 2.84.30000.0
New features:
•
Andor Clara now supported
SetDACOutput
SetDACOutputScale
GetNumberIO
SetIODirection
SetIOLevel
GetIOLevel
GetIODirection
SetTriggerInvert
IsAmplifierAvailable
SetOverlapMode
SDK
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INTRODUCTION
SetMetaData
GetMetaDataInfo
Bug fixes:
•
Spooled files beyond 4GB could not be opened
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Data was being lost when spooled files of small images went beyond 4GB
•
Spooled FITS file had cycle time saved as 0
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IsPreAmpAvailable should use channel passed rather than current one
•
Random tracks data corrupted for consecutive tracks for cameras other than iXon+
•
GetImages16 LabVIEW wrapper was calling wrong SDK function
Version 2.83.30001.0
New features:
•
Added SetImageFlip and SetImageRotate functions to LabView wrapper
Bug fixes:
•
Added ShamrockGetCalibration function to the Shamrock SDK help
Version 2.83.30000.0
New features:
•
iVac systems now fully supported
•
Shamrock spectrographs SR500 and SR750 now fully supported
•
Fast kinetics now available for Luca-R
•
Added High Capacity Mode support for DW936 cameras
Bug fixes:
•
Fixes to Delphi header
•
Fixed discrepancies between cycle times for multi-track and random track
•
Fixed problem in fast kinetics when there was an odd number of super pixels
•
Removed corrupted fire pulse in fast kinetics, external trigger
•
Fix to resolve oscillations in data for certain Newton systems
•
Fix for potential fail of auto cooling on Luca systems
•
Fixed maximum number in series in fast kinetics for frame transfer systems
•
Fixed exposure time reported in fast kinetics
Version 2.82.30000.0
New features:
•
Added option for horizontal binning in random track mode
•
Added capabilities for Horizontal Binning, MultiTrackHRange, and No Gaps in Random Tracks
•
New capability added to test for overlapped external exposure mode
SDK
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INTRODUCTION
•
Deprecated SetGain for SetMCPGain which is a more accurate naming convention
•
Added Dud column support to SDK – allows SDK to be configured to interpolate bad columns
Bug fixes:
•
Fixed minimum exposure for Luca-R
•
Updated documentation – error code correction for get data functions.
•
Fixed missing cases of GetTemperature in LabVIEW wrapper.
•
Updated documentation – Corrected contact information.
•
StartAcquisition now returns an error if horizontal binning does not divide evenly into range for
multi-tracks
•
Fixed crash when StartAcquisition is called in random track mode before random tracks are setup
•
Fixed default EM gain – Set to off when system initialized
•
SetRandomTracks no longer returns an error if not in random track mode
•
Image mode Linux example will now work with an InGaAs
•
SetRandomTracks was not returning an error for certain incorrect track combinations
•
Fixed SetBaselineClamp and SetBaselineOffset – The test for availability was not complete
•
Fixed GetRingExposureRange - Now uses same limit as SetRingExposureTimes
•
Fixed SetRandomTracks - Was failing for some valid tracks
•
Fixed SetGain error code - Now returns DRV_NOT_SUPPORTED if not an ICCD
•
Fixed bug in SetRandomTracks to prevent negative numbers for number of tracks with correct
return code
•
GetAmpMaxSpeed now tests for NULL array parameter
•
SetCustomTrackHBin returns DRV_NOT_SUPPORTED if not available for a system
•
Fixed GetAmpDesc – Tests negative value for 3rd parameter – could cause crash
•
Fixed GetAmpDesc – could return unterminated string
•
Luca R cooler control was never supported but SDK returned DRV_SUCCESS - SDK functions
now return proper error codes
•
Fixed bug in Initialisation/Shutdown cycling – could cause crash
•
Extra fire pulse when using kinetic series external exposure on DU885
•
Fixed incorrect data when using kinetic series external exposure on Luca-R
•
Fixed external exposure trigger mode for Luca-S
Version 2.81.30004.0
New features:
•
Improved noise performance on DZ936 cameras at 3 and 5MHz horizontal readout speeds
Bug fixes:
•
None
Version 2.81.30003.1
New features:
•
None
SDK
SECTION 1
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INTRODUCTION
Bug fixes:
•
Fixed some documentation errors in LabVIEW context help
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Fixed Shamrock close and re-initialisation in C interface of Shamrock SDK
•
Fixed Shamrock close operation in LabVIEW
Version 2.81.30002.0
New features:
•
None
Bug fixes:
•
Fixed cooling issue on Fibre Optic systems
•
Fixed hot column issue on iXon DU888 cameras.
•
Fixed crash in External Trigger on Newton
•
Fixed DLL error on Windows Install program.
Version 2.81
New features:
•
Improved shutdown in Linux during abnormal termination (Ctrl+C etc.) – signal handlers added
•
CCI-24 support added to Linux SDK
Bug fixes:
•
Removed Linux Device Driver compilation warnings for Kernel 2.6.23 and above.
•
Crash could occur if GetAcquiredData was called before PrepareAcquisition or StartAcquisition.
•
SetDriverEvent causes crash when called when system not initialized.
•
GetImagesPerDMA did not return correct value unless PrepareAcquisition has been called.
•
Timings incorrect for Frame Transfer in iCam mode.
•
GetMostRecentImage[16] now returns correct data when used in Accumulate acquisition mode
•
Fixed crash that would occur if GetNumberAvailableImages called before acquisition started
•
Acquisitions now complete correctly if camera is reinitialised after being previously shutdown
•
64-bit SDK will now initialise USB cameras without the necessity of having libusb0_x64.dll in same
directory as executable.
•
Calibration values returned from Shamrock SDK were offset by 2 pixels from correct locations
•
Fixed memory leak in SaveAsSif
•
Fixed Luca re-initialisation issue - temperature reporting incorrect
•
Documentation updates and corrections
Version 2.80
New features:
•
iKon-L support added
SDK
SECTION 1
Page 16
INTRODUCTION
•
Added SetAccumulationCycleTime to LabVIEW library
•
Random and multi tracks now available in frame transfer mode for iXon+
•
SetNumberPrescans function added
•
New timing functions added
GetKeepCleanTime
GetReadOutTime
Bug fixes:
•
SetEMAdvanced was not working on Luca-R
•
Random tracks external start was broken on a DU888
•
InGaAs was not working in last release
•
Multiple USB cameras could not be controlled
•
Fast Kinetics external trigger was not working on early DV885 cameras
•
Kinetic cycle time calculated wrongly when accumulating
SDK
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Page 17
INTRODUCTION
Version 2.79
New features:
•
Memory allocation improved to allow larger kinetic series to be acquired without spooling
•
Luca-R range supported
•
iKon-L supported
•
GetImageFlip and GetImageRotation added
•
Multi tracks available in frame transfer mode for iXon+
•
Random tracks available in frame transfer mode for iXon+
•
Capability added to test for multi and random tracks in frame transfer
•
SetMultiTrackHRange added
• Random tracks can now be configured with no gaps in between for iXon+
Bug fixes:
•
Temperature drifting is now handled for all cameras
•
GetTemperatureStatus did not return result for iXon
•
Pixel values for last column on DU885 incorrect
•
Fast kinetics, external trigger not operating correctly on a DU885
•
Crash when initiailising multiple usb cameras
•
Kinetic cycle time could not be set reliably
•
Shutter timings not correct at 35MHz on a DU885
•
SetShutter function not functioning correctly for iXon+
•
Grams files created not compatible with certain software packages
•
EM gain could not be turned off completely
•
Glitches were found in fire pulse for FVB mode on iXon+
•
Image flipping and rotation properties incorrect in sif file
•
CCI-20 controller card not initialising (ERROR_ACK)
Version 2.78.5
New features:
•
SetIsolatedCropMode added to LabVIEW library
•
SaveAsTiffEx function added to provide choice of whether data is scaled
Bug fixes:
•
SaveAsTiff function for a kinetic series saved the same image for every frame
•
SaveAsTiff now checks for available memory to avoid crash
•
GetHeadModel function was returning model in lowercase
•
iXon FPGA version not being read properly in Initialize function
•
SetIsolatedCropMode function repaired
•
GetAvailableCameras did not update with USB devices plugged in & out
•
Using GetCameraEventStatus on fast acquisitions caused acquisition to fail
•
Long kinetic series of FITS was not working
SDK
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INTRODUCTION
Version 2.78
New features:
•
Support for Luca 285 added.
•
Data transfer from USB cameras improved.
•
SetIsolatedCropMode function added to provide crop mode option (added for iXon+):
•
Improved support for integrate on chip: Added
GetDDGIOCFrequency
GetDDGIOCNumber
SetDDGIOCNumber
•
Option to export to raw data:
SaveAsRaw
Bug fixes:
•
SaveAsSif in SDK not storing readout speed correctly.
•
Shutter now works correctly for Classic cameras when the software is run for the first time after
rebooting PC.
•
Data was wrapping at 65K if taking a kinetic series of accumulations.
Version 2.77
New features:
•
Supports 32 and 64-bit Windows XP and Vista
•
Moved to new USB device driver libUSB
•
iCam: New Run Till Abort functionality for latest iXon (with CCI-23 controller card), and Luca
Cameras:
SendSoftwareTrigger
SetRingExposureTimes
GetAdjustedRingExposureTimes
GetNumberRingExposureTimes
GetRingExposureRange
IsTriggerModeAvailable
•
New image manipulation functions:
SetImageFlip
SetImageRotate
•
Save as GRAMS SPC file format – SaveAsSPC
•
Calculate the red and blue relative to green factors to white balance a colour image - WhiteBalance
SDK
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INTRODUCTION
Version 2.76
New features:
• Additional capabilities added to GetCapabilities function
•
GetAmpDesc function added
•
Timeout added for WaitForAcquisition function
Bug fixes:
• Error returned if an invalid EM gain mode is selected
•
Fixed issues with Fast Kinetics on an iXon
•
Sometimes a camera was not ready to acquire when an acquisition event was sent
•
Fixed initialization problem when a ‘.’ was in the path send to Initialize() function
Version 2.75
New features:
•
Spooling to FITS, SIF and TIFF now available.
•
SetBaselineOffset function added
•
SetShutterEx added to control both an internal and external shutter through a DV8285
•
SaveAsSif now handles spooled files
Bug Fixes:
•
GetNumberHSSpeeds now includes error checking for classics
•
GetCapabilities returns correct bit depth for an iDus
•
IsPreAmpGainAvailable now indicates yes for classic cameras as long as the gain index is zero and
other parameters are valid
•
EMGain Capability now returned correctly for iDus, Newton, USB iStar
•
SaveAsBmp was not working in latest version
Version 2.74
New features:
•
Support for new Luca range of Cameras
•
Control of linear EM gain:
GetEMCCDGain
GetEMGainRange
SetEMGainMode
•
Option to save to FITS file format : SaveAsFITS
•
Crop mode available with Newton: SetCropMode
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INTRODUCTION
Version 2.73
New features:
•
Support for Newton and SurCam range of Cameras
Bug fixes:
•
GetMostRecentImage does not now prevent access to images previous to the one obtained
•
Controller type can be tested.
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INSTALLATION
SECTION 2 - SOFTWARE INSTALLATIONS
PC requirements
Please consult the Specification Sheet for your camera for the minimum and the recommended PC
requirements.
SDK WINDOWS INSTALLATION
The installation of the Andor SDK software is a straightforward process, the steps for which are outlined
below. Before proceeding with the installation, it is recommended that you read the remainder of this
section first.
1. Insert the CD supplied with the SDK, and execute the "SETUP.EXE" program. This will take you
through the complete installation process. You will be prompted to select the type of camera you
have purchased as the installation needs to configure, were required, the "Detector.ini" file
appropriately. You will also be requested to select a destination directory; this should be a directory
that all users planning to use the SDK have full read/write privileges to. The directory will be
created if it does not already exist. It is recommended that if you are performing an upgrade or
reinstall that you do it to a clean directory.
Example programs will be copied into sub-directories of the installation directory specified above.
2. If not already installed, proceed with installing camera hardware. Consult your User guide for
details. You may have to restart the PC to complete the installation
3. Navigate to the directory ‘<destination directory>\Examples\C’ directory. Go into any
sub directory and run the ‘.exe’ file that you see there. If this runs successfully then your
installation has completed. If it does not run with a successful message please consult the
troubleshooting guide later in this section.
The installation process will copy the following files into the specified base directory:
ATMCD32D.DLL (32-bit Dynamic Link Library)
ATMCD64D.DLL (64-bit Dynamic Link Library)
DETECTOR.INI (Classic CCD, ICCD and iStar cameras only)
ATMCD32D.H ( C, C++ only)
ATMCD32D.LIB (Borland compatible library, C, C++ only)
ATMCD32M.LIB (Microsoft compatible library, C, C++ only)
ATMCD32D.BAS ( Visual Basic only)
ATMCD32D.PAS ( Pascal only)
ATMCD32CS.DLL (C# only)
ATMCD32D.VB (VB.net)
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INSTALLATION
NOTE: The files are also copied into each example directory. This is to allow each example to be
run as a stand-alone program.
A device driver required to support the camera will also be installed. The actual driver installed will depend
on the camera type and operating system version, i.e.:
•
For PCI systems the driver file is atmcdwdm.sys for 32-bit operating systems, or
atmcdwdm64.sys for 64-bit operating systems.
•
For USB cameras the driver file is libusb0.sys for 32-bit operating systems, or libusb0_x64.sys
for 64-bit operating systems.
NOTE: Do not have more than one example or other SDK software (e.g. Andor Solis™, iQ™)
running at the same time.
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INSTALLATION
Windows Troubleshooting
Installing on Windows 7
• Some users have experienced difficulty installing the SDK on Windows 7, if so please see the
Window 7 Driver Installation Guide.
If you are running a PCI camera
•
Check that the Andor Technology PCI driver appears in the Ensure that an Andor section in exists
in the Device Manager and that an Andor Technology PCI driver appears in it. To access the
Device Manager, go to the Control Panel and click on the “System” control. From here, select the
Hardware tab and then click on the Device Manager button.
•
Shut down the PC and ensure that the PCI card is seated correctly
•
For 32-bit OS, ensure that the file atmcdwdm.sys file appears in the
C:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers directory. The latest version is 4.29.0.0
•
For 64-bit OS, ensure that the file atmcdwdm64.sys file appears in the
C:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers directory. The latest version is 4.29.0.0
•
If the Windows NT driver atmcd.sys is in the “Drivers” directory delete it and restart the PC.
If you are experiencing communication problems with the Andor USB cameras carry out the following
actions:
•
Confirm that the PC being used is USB 2.0 compatible and that a USB 2.0 port is being used for the
camera
•
Check the power to the iDus camera.
•
Check the USB cable from the PC to the iDus camera.
•
Ensure that a LibUSB-Win32 Devices section exists in the Device Manager and tab and that your
camera is listed. To access the Device Manager, go to the Control Panel and click on the “System”
control. From here, select the Hardware tab and then click on the Device Manager button. If the
entry does not exist or there is an exclamation mark beside it carry out the following actions
1. Power the camera off and on and after the new hardware is detected, follow the instructions to
install a driver for the new device. When asked for a location, point to the directory where the
software was installed.
2. If there is a USB device with an exclamation mark beside it and you cannot account for this
device then it is probably the Andor camera and the driver is not installed. Install the driver as
described previously or right click on the entry and update driver.
3. Close down any Andor software, remove the USB cable from either the camera or the PC and
reconnect it again. Run the software to see if the camera is now detected.
4. If still not connected then , remove the USB cable from either the PC or the camera, power the
camera off and on the camera and reconnect the USB cable again.
5. Run the software to see if the camera is now detected.
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INSTALLATION
NOTE: If the camera is still not detected after step 6, please contact the appropriate technical
support person
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INSTALLATION
SDK LINUX INSTALLATION
The first step is to unpack the archive that you have received. With the following steps replace <version>
with the version number of the archive you have. E.g. 2.15
1. Open a terminal
2. Change the directory to where the andor-<version>.tar.gz file is located
3. Type 'tar -zxvf andor-<version>.tar.gz'
A new directory named 'andor' is created.
To install the SDK run the script ‘install_andor’ from the ‘andor’ directory. See the ‘INSTALL’ file located in
the same directory, for further information.
LABVIEW INSTALLATION
When you install the SDK onto a machine with LabVIEW installed, the SDK DLL and LabVIEW files are
automatically copied into the LabVIEW install directory.
All Andor SDK function wrappers are present in a LabVIEW library file, "atmcd32d.llb", installed in your
“user.lib” directory in you LabVIEW install folder.
The library can be added to any of your palette views. Instructions for adding the SDK to your palette view
are described below.
Note: Depending on the version of LabVIEW you are using, the menu structure may be different. Please
consult your LabVIEW manual for general help on adding LLBs if you have any issues.
1) Select the menu item "Tools -> Advanced -> Edit Palette Views..."
2) Right Click on the Functions tool bar & select "Insert -> Submenu..."
3) In the dialog select "Link to LLB library..."
4) Navigate to the user.lib directory and select "atmcd32d.llb" - The submenu with all SDK functions
has been added
5) Right click on the new palette view and select "Rename Submenu..."
6) Change the name to "Andor SDK"
7) Repeat steps 2-6 for the Controls tool bar.
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INSTALLATION
Linux Troubleshooting
If you are having trouble running your camera under the Linux operating system please check the following
before contacting Technical Support
For PCI,
•
Check that the device driver is loaded. Type ‘/sbin/lsmod’ – andordrvlx should be listed.
For USB,
•
Check that libUSB is available, ‘whereis libusb’
•
Check that the Andor device is listed in the /proc/bus/usb/devices file.
•
Check that the relevant device under /proc/bus/usb/00X/00Y has write access for all users.
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READOUT MODES
SECTION 3 - READOUT MODES
INTRODUCTION
Andor systems are based on a detector known as a Charged Coupled Device (CCD). The detector is divided
up as a 2-dimensional array of pixels, each capable of detecting light. For example, systems based on an
2
EEV 30-11 CCD chip have 1024 X 256 pixels, where each pixel is 26µm (all examples given in this manual
assume an EEV 30-11 based system). This 2-dimensional nature allows the device to be operated using a
number of different binning patterns. We refer to these binning patterns as Readout Modes.
Andor has several different readout modes as follows:
•
Full Vertical Binning (FVB)
•
Single-Track
•
Multi-Track
•
Random-Track
•
Image
•
Cropped
Figure 1 shows the binning patterns :
Figure 1: Binning patterns
We will now look at each of these modes in more detail.
NOTE: All of the patterns described can be simulated by the user in software but by carrying out
the pattern in the camera greatly increases speed and improves Signal to Noise ratio.
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READOUT MODES
Full Vertical Binning
Full Vertical Binning (FVB) is the simplest mode of operation. It allows you to use the CCD chip as a Linear
Image Sensor (similar to a photo diode array). The charge from each column of pixels is vertically binned
into the shift register. This results in a net single charge per column. Therefore, for a 30-11 CCD an
acquisition using FVB will result in 1024 data points.
To set-up a Full Vertical Binning acquisition call:
SetReadMode(0)
Figure 2: Full Vertical Binning
Single-Track
Single-Track mode is similar to the Full Vertical Binning mode discussed previously in that upon completion
of an acquisition you will have a single spectrum. However, that is where the similarities end.
With Single-Track you can specify not only the height (in pixels) of the area to be acquired but also its vertical
position on the CCD. To ensure the best possible Signal to Noise ratio all the rows within the specified area
are binned together into the shift register of the CCD and then digitized.
Figure 3: Single-track
Single-Track mode is useful because you are able to precisely define only the area of the CCD sensor that is
illuminated by light. This is particularly important in low light level applications as it allows you to minimize the
contribution of dark current in the measured signal. Also, if you are using an imaging spectrograph, such as
the Shamrock, with a multiple core fiber, this mode allows you to select a single fiber for examination.
To set-up a Single-Track acquisition you need to call the following functions:
SetReadMode(3);
SetSingleTrack(128,20);
NOTE: If a non frame-transfer camera is used, a shutter may be required to prevent light (which would
otherwise fall on the CCD-chip outside the specified track) from corrupting the data during binning.
Please refer to SECTION 8 - SHUTTER CONTROL for further information.
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READOUT MODES
Multi-Track
Multi-Track mode allows you to create one or more tracks (each of which behaves like the Single-Track
above). With Multi-Track you specify the number of tracks and the track height. The driver internally sets the
actual position of each track so that the tracks are evenly spaced across the CCD. The tracks can be
vertically shifted, en masse, by specifying a positive or negative offset about a central position. For greater
control over the positioning of the tracks use Random-Track mode.
Figure 4: Multi-Track
Multi-Tracks will allow you to simultaneously acquire a number of spectra, delivered typically via a fiber
bundle. If you are using a non-frame transfer camera and a continuous source, you will need to use a shutter
to avoid streaking the spectra during the binning process. Please refer to SECTION 8 - SHUTTER
CONTROL for further information.
To set-up a Multi-Track acquisition you need to call the following functions:
SetReadMode(1);
SetMultiTrack(5,20,0,bottom, gap);
The SetMultiTrack function also returns the position of the first pixel row of the first track “bottom”, together
with the gap between tracks, “gap”. This allows the user to calculate the actual position of each track.
NOTE:
1. Before using Multi-Track mode with fiber bundles it is often useful to acquire a full resolution
image of the output. Having observed the vertical position and spacing of the individual
spectra, you can vary track height and offset accordingly.
2. Imaging spectrographs vertically invert input light (i.e. light from the top fiber will fall on the
bottom track on the CCD-chip.)
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READOUT MODES
Random-Track
In Random-Track mode the position and height of each track is specified by the user, unlike Multi-Track
mode were the driver sets the position of each track automatically.
Figure 5: Random-Track
Random-Track will allow you to simultaneously acquire a number of spectra, delivered typically via a fiber
bundle. Unless you are acquiring data from a pulsed source you will need to use a shutter to avoid streaking
the spectra during the binning process. To set-up a Random-Track acquisition you need to call the following
functions:
SetReadMode(2);
int position[6];
position[0] = 20;
position[1] = 30; //end of track 1, 11 rows height
position[2] = 40; //start of track 2
position[3] = 40; //end of track 2, 1 row height
position[4] = 100; //start of track 3
position[5] = 150; //end of track 3, 51 rows height
SetRandomTracks(3,position);
The SetRandomTracks function validates all the entries and then makes a local copy of the tracks positions.
For the array of tracks to be valid the track positions MUST be in ascending order.
NOTES:
1. A track of 1 row in height will have the same start and end positions.
2. Before using Random-Track mode with fiber bundles it is often useful to acquire a Full
Resolution Image of the output.
3. Having observed the vertical positions of the individual spectra set the Random-Track mode
accordingly.
4. Imaging spectrographs vertically invert input light (i.e. light from the top fiber will fall on the
bottom track on the CCD-chip.)
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READOUT MODES
Image
In Image mode the CCD is operated much like a camera. In this mode you get a measured value for each
pixel on the CCD, in effect allowing you to ‘take a picture’ of the light pattern falling on the pixel matrix of the
CCD. To prevent smearing the image, light must be prevented from falling onto the CCD during the readout
process. Please refer to SECTION 8 - SHUTTER CONTROL for further information.
Figure 6: Image mode
To reduce the file size and increase the speed of readout it is possible to specify a sub-area of the CCD to be
read out. It is also possible to bin pixels together horizontally and vertically to create super pixels.
To set up a “Full Resolution Image” acquisition you need to call the following functions:
SetReadMode(4);
SetImage(1,1,1,1024,1,256);
To acquire a sub-area with lower left co-ordinates of (19, 10), with binning of 4 in both the horizontal and
vertical directions, and 100x16 pixels in the acquired image you would call the SetImage function with the
following parameters:
SetImage(4,4,19,118,10,25);
By a process of binning charge vertically into the shift register from several rows at a time (e.g. 4) and then
binning charge horizontally from several columns of the shift register at a time (e.g. 4) the ANDOR SDK
system is effectively reading out charge from a matrix of super pixels which each measure 4 x 4 real pixels.
The result is a more coarsely defined image, but faster processing speed, lower storage requirements, and a
better signal to noise ratio (since for each element or super pixel in the resultant image, the combined charge
from several pixels is being binned and read out, rather than the possibly weak charge from an individual
pixel).
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READOUT MODES
Cropped
In Cropped mode, we can "fool" the sensor into thinking it is smaller than it actually is, and readout
continuously at a much faster frame rate. The spectral time resolution is dictated by the time taken to readout
the smaller defined section of the sensor.
If your experiment dictates that you need fast time resolution but cannot be constrained by the storage size of
the sensor, then it is possible to readout the EMCCD in a "cropped sensor" mode, as illustrated below.
Figure 7: Cropped mode
To set up the CCD with a cropped image, as in figure 7, see SetIsolatedCropMode.
NOTE: It is important to ensure that no light falls on the excluded region otherwise the
acquired data will be corrupted.
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ACQUISITION MODES
SECTION 4 - ACQUISITION MODES
ACQUISITION MODE TYPES
In the previous section the different ReadOut Modes (binning patterns) supported by the Andor SDK were
discussed. In addition the Andor SDK allows you to control the number and the timing details of acquisitions made
using the various binning patterns. To simplify the process of controlling these acquisitions the Andor SDK has
divided the acquisition process into several different Acquisition Modes:
•
Single Scan
•
Accumulate
•
Kinetic Series
•
Run Till Abort
•
Fast Kinetics
Single Scan is the simplest form of acquisition where a single scan is captured.
Accumulate mode takes a sequence of single scans and adds them together.
Kinetic Series mode captures a sequence of single scans, or possibly, depending on the camera, a sequence of
accumulated scans.
Run Till Abort continually performs scans of the CCD until aborted.
If your system is a Frame Transfer CCD, the acquisition modes can be enhanced by setting the chip operational
mode to Frame Transfer.
In the remainder of this section we will discuss in detail what each of these modes actually are and what needs to
be specified to fully define an acquisition.
The table below summarizes the information that is needed for each acquisition mode:
MODE
ACCUMULATE
NO.
KINETIC
EXPOSURE
CYCLE
OF
CYCLE
TIME
TIME
ACCUMULATIONS
TIME
SINGLE SCAN
X
ACCUMULATE
X
X
X
KINETIC SERIES
X
X
X
RUN TILL ABORT
X
FAST KINETICS
X
X
NO.
IN
KINETIC
SERIES
X
X
X
X
NOTE: For the purpose of this document an acquisition is taken to mean the complete data capture
process. By contrast, a scan is a single readout of data from the CCD-Chip, i.e. a complete data
acquisition comprises the capture of one or more scans.
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ACQUISITION MODES
Single Scan
Single Scan is the simplest acquisition mode available with the Andor system. In this mode Andor SDK
performs one scan (or readout) of the CCD and stores the acquired data in the memory of the PC.
To set the acquisition mode to Single Scan call:
SetAcquisitionMode(1)
SetExposureTime(0.3)
Here the exposure time is the time during which the CCD sensor is sensitive to light. The exposure time is set
via the SetExposureTime function.
NOTE: Due to the time needed to shift charge into the shift register, digitize it and operate shutters,
where necessary, the exposure time cannot be set to just any value. For example, the minimum
exposure time depends on many factors including the readout mode, trigger mode and the digitizing
rate. To help the user determine what the actual exposure time will be the driver automatically
calculates the nearest allowed value, not less than the user’s choice. The actual calculated exposure
time used by Andor SDK may be obtained via the GetAcquisitionTimings function (this function should
be called after the acquisition details have been fully defined i.e. readout mode, trigger mode etc.
have been set).
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ACQUISITION MODES
Accumulate
Accumulate mode adds together (in computer memory) the data from a number of scans to form a single
‘accumulated scan’. This mode is equivalent to taking a series of Single Scans and “manually” adding them
together. However, by using the built-in Accumulate mode you gain the ability to specify the time delay (or
period) between two consecutive scans and also the total number of scans to be added.
To set the acquisition mode to Accumulate call:
SetAcquisitionMode (2)
To fully define an Accumulate acquisition you will need to supply the follow information:
Exposure Time. This is the time in seconds during which the CCD sensor collects light prior to readout. Set
via the SetExposureTime function.
Number of Accumulations. This is the number of scans to be acquired and accumulated in the memory of
the PC. Set via the SetNumberAccumulations function.
Accumulate Cycle Time. This is the period in seconds between the start of each scan.
Set via the SetAccumulationCycleTime function. (This parameter is only applicable if you have selected
Internal trigger – Please refer to SECTION 6 – TRIGGERING for further information.
NOTES:
1. If the exposure time or the cycle time are set too low or are not permissible values, the driver
will automatically calculate the nearest appropriate value.
2. The actual values used can be obtained via the GetAcquisitionTimings function (this
function should be called after the acquisition has been fully defined (i.e. readout mode,
trigger mode etc. have been set).
3. In External Trigger mode the delay between each scan making up the acquisition is not
under the control of the Andor system but is synchronized to an externally generated trigger
pulse.
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ACQUISITION MODES
Kinetic Series
Kinetic Series mode captures a sequence of single scans, or a sequence of accumulated scans, into
memory. This mode is equivalent to manually taking a series of single scans (or accumulated scans).
However, by using the built-in Kinetic Series mode you gain the ability to specify the time delay (or period)
between two consecutive scans and also the total number of scans to be acquired.
NOTE: In External Trigger mode the delay between each scan making up the acquisition is not under
the control of the Andor SDK, but is synchronized to an externally generated trigger pulse.
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ACQUISITION MODES
To set the acquisition mode to Kinetic Series call:
SetAcquisitionMode(3)
To fully define a Kinetic Series acquisition you will need to supply the following information:
Exposure Time. This is the time in seconds during which the CCD collects light prior to readout.
Set via the SetExposureTime function.
Number of Accumulations. This is the number of scans you want to add together to create each member of
your kinetic series. The default value of 1 means that each member of the kinetic series will consist of a
single scan.
Set via the SetNumberAccumulations function.
Accumulate Cycle Time. This is the period in seconds between the start of individual scans (see Number of
Accumulations above) that are accumulated in computer memory to create each member of your kinetic
series - each member of the series is an ‘accumulated scan’.
Set via the SetAccumulationCycleTime function.
(This parameter is only applicable if you have selected the Internal trigger and the Number of Accumulations
is greater than 1- Please refer to SECTION 6 – TRIGGERING for further information.)
Number in Kinetic Series. This is the number of scans (or ‘accumulated scans’) you specify to be in your
series.
Set via the SetNumberKinetics function.
Kinetic Cycle Time. This is the period in seconds between the start of each scan (or set of accumulated
scans, if you have set the Number of Accumulations to more than 1) in the series.
Set via the SetKineticCycleTime function.
(This parameter is only applicable if you have selected the Internal trigger - see Trigger Modes.)
NOTE:
1. If the exposure time or the cycle time are set too low or are not permissible values, the driver
will automatically calculate the nearest appropriate value.
2. The actual values used can be obtained via the GetAcquisitionTimings function. This function
should be called after the acquisition has been fully defined i.e. readout mode, trigger mode
etc. have been set). If you are using a shutter, please refer to SECTION 8 – SHUTTER
CONTROL for further information
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ACQUISITION MODES
Run Till Abort
Run Till Abort mode continually performs scans of the CCD at the rate set by the user, until the acquisition is
stopped by calling the AbortAcquisition function. The minimum possible delay between each scan will be the
minimum Kinetic Cycle Time.
To set the acquisition mode to Run Till Abort call:
SetAcquistionMode(5)
SetExposureTime(0.3)
SetKineticCycleTime(0)
Here the exposure time is the time during which the CCD sensor is sensitive to light.
NOTES:
1. The total number of images acquired during the acquisition can be obtained at any time by
calling the GetTotalNumberImagesAcquired function. The data acquired during the
acquisition will be stored in the circular buffer until it is overwritten by new scans. The
capacity of the circular buffer can be obtained by calling the GetSizeOfCircularBuffer
function. To retrieve all valid data from the circular buffer before it is overwritten by new data
the GetNumberNewImages and GetImages functions should be used. Alternatively, to retrieve
only the most recent image the GetMostRecentImage function can be used. Finally, to retrieve
the oldest image the GetOldestImage function can be used.
2. Due to the time needed to shift charge into the shift register, digitize it and operate shutters,
where necessary, the exposure time cannot be set to just any value. For example, the
minimum exposure time depends on many factors including the readout mode, trigger mode
and the digitizing rate. To help the user determine what the actual exposure time will be, the
driver automatically calculates the nearest allowed value that is not less than the user’s
choice. Thus, the actual calculated exposure time used by Andor SDK may be obtained via
GetAcquisitionTimings (this function should be called after the acquisition details have been
fully defined i.e. readout mode, trigger mode etc. have been set).
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ACQUISITION MODES
iCam Run Till Abort
When in this mode of operation (Run Till Abort) some systems have an enhanced trigger mode and
enhanced exposure time capability. To check if these enhanced features are available with your system,
use
the
function
GetCapabilities
and
check
the
ulTriggerModes
variable
for
bit
3
(AC_TRIGGERMODE_CONTINUOUS) being set.
The enhanced features include:·
1. Ring of exposures
2. Software Trigger or External trigger
3. Ability to change exposure times during acquisition without aborting the run.
4. External Level Exposure (Bulb) Trigger
These enhanced features are particular useful in situations where you need to acquire data at a fast rate but
not at some predefined rate or when you need to change the exposure time between successive scans. A
good example would be calcium imaging where you need to take 2 images at different wavelengths with
possibly different light levels. With this new mode of operation you would set the experiment up as follows:
1. Configure the camera to acquire an image
SetReadMode, SetImage, SetFrameTransferMode
2. Select Run-till-abort mode SetAcquisitionMode
3. Select Software trigger SetTriggerMode(10)
Confirm with IsTriggerModeAvailable(10)
4. Set exposure time. SetExposureTime or SetRingExposureTimes
5. Move filter to first position
6. Start acquisition. StartAcquisition
7. Send software Trigger. SendSoftwareTrigger
8. Wait for an acquisition event. See SetDriverEvent
9. Move Filter to next position.
10. Change exposure time. See SetExposureTime
11. Retrieve data see GetAcquiredData
12. Go to step 7
In the procedure outlined above we manually changed the exposure during the sequence. However, we
could have used the new “Ring of exposures” feature to set up the two exposure times in advance and let
the camera automatically switch between them as necessary. see SetRingExposureTimes
There is also the ability to detect the end of the exposure and start reconfiguring the experiment for the next
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ACQUISITION MODES
acquisition while the readout of the first scan is still in progress. See SetAcqStatusEvent.
NOTE: This will also work in External trigger mode SetTriggerMode, with an external trigger source
determining the start of an exposure instead of the SendSoftwareTrigger command. In external
trigger care must be taken to ensure that the external trigger occurs when the camera is ready for it
i.e. the frequency of the external trigger source has to be within the capabilities of the camera with
the current settings.
With External Exposure trigger mode the width of the trigger pulse source will determine the exposure time
and the Ring of Exposures will not be applicable.
See also Acquisition Modes. GetAdjustedRingExposureTimes GetNumberRingExposureTimes
GetRingExposureRange IsTriggerModeAvailable SendSoftwareTrigger SetRingExposureTimes
SetTriggerMode
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ACQUISITION MODES
Fast Kinetics
Fast Kinetics is a special readout mode that uses the actual sensor as a temporary storage medium and
allows an extremely fast sequence of images to be captured. The capture sequence is described with the
following steps:
Step 1: both the Image and Storage areas of the sensor are fully cleaned out (the Keep Clean Cycle)
Step 2: the Keep Clean Cycle stops and the acquisition begins. The image builds up on the illuminated section
of the sensor which is typically a small number of rows at the top of the sensor
Step 3: the sensor remains in this state until the exposure time has elapsed, at which point the complete
sensor is clocked vertically by the number of rows specified by the user.
Steps 4 & 5: the process is continued until the number of images stored equals the series length set by the
user.
Step 6: at this point the sequence moves into the readout phase by first vertically shifting the first image to the
bottom row of the sensor. The sensor is then read out in the standard method.
Points to consider for Fast Kinetics Mode:
• Light MUST only be allowed to fall on the specified sub-area. Light falling anywhere else will contaminate the
data.
• The maximum number of images in the sequence is set by the position of the sub-area, the height of the subarea and the number of rows in the CCD (Image and Storage area)
• There are no Keep Clean cycles during the acquisition sequence.
EM
• The industry fastest vertical shift speeds of the iXon + enables fastest time resolution with minimal vertical
smearing.
• A range of internal trigger and external trigger options are available for Fast Kinetics Readout.
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Frame Transfer
Frame transfer is a mode of operation of the chip that is only available if your system contains a Frame
Transfer CCD (FT CCD). It can be switched on for any acquisition mode.
A FT CCD differs from a standard CCD in 2 ways:
•
Firstly, a FT CCD contains 2 areas, of approximately equal size (see figure 7 below).
1. The first area is the Image area, this area is at the top and farthest from the readout
register. It is in this area that the CCD is sensitive to light.
2. The second area is the Storage area and sits between the Image area and the readout
register. This area is covered by an opaque mask, usually a metal film, and hence is not
sensitive to light.
•
The second way in which a FT CCD differs from a standard CCD is that the Image and the Storage
areas can be shifted independently of each other.
These differences allow a FT CCD to be operated in a unique mode where one image can be read out while
the next image is being acquired. It also allows a FT CCD to be used in imaging mode without a shutter.
Figure 7: Frame Transfer CCD
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Figure 8 takes you through the capture sequence for an FT CCD:
Figure 8: Capture sequence for a Frame Transfer CCD
Step 1: Both Image and Storage areas of the CCD are fully cleaned out. This is known as a Keep Clean
Cycle. Keep Clean Cycles occur continuously to ensure that the camera is always ready to start an
acquisition when required.
Step 2: On receipt of a start acquisition command the CCD stops the Keep Clean Cycle. This allows the
image, photoelectric charge, to build up in the Image area of the CCD. The CCD remains in this state until the
exposure time has elapsed, at which point the readout process starts.
Step 3: In this step the charge, built up in the Image area, is quickly shifted into the Storage area. The time
required to move the charge into the storage area is calculated as follows:
No. of Rows in the Image Area x Vertical Shift Rate.
Once the Image area has been shifted into the storage area the Image area stops vertically shifting and
begins to accumulate charge again, i.e. the next exposure starts.
Step 4: While the Image area is accumulating charge the Storage area is being read out. This readout phase
can take tens of milliseconds to seconds depending on the image size, readout pattern and readout speed.
Step 5 & 6: On completion of the readout, the system will wait until the exposure time has elapsed before
starting the next readout (Step 6).
As the captured image is quickly shifted into the Storage area, a Frame Transfer CCD system can be used
without a mechanical shutter.
NOTES:
•
When using Frame Transfer mode, the minimum exposure time for a FT CCD operated in
frame transfer mode is the time taken to readout the image from the storage area.
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•
The Accumulation Cycle Time and the Kinetic Cycle Time are fully dependent on the
exposure time and hence cannot be set via the software.
•
For our Classic CCD range of cameras with frame transfer type sensors the camera can be
operated in External Trigger mode. In this mode there are no keep cleans and the external
trigger starts the "Readout" phase. The exposure time is the time between external triggers
and hence the user cannot set the exposure or cycle times.
•
For our iXon range of cameras the external trigger mode is more flexible. With these
cameras the user can define the amount of time between the external trigger event
occurring and the readout starting. This can be useful in those situations where the TTL
trigger occurs before the light event you are trying to capture. As in the Classic Camera
case, no keep cleans are running and the true exposure time is the time between triggers.
However, the exposure window has moved in time by the exposure time.
•
There is no need for a mechanical shutter. As the exposure time is long compared to the
time required to shift the image into the storage area and therefore, image streaking will be
insignificant.
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It is also possible to operate a FT CCD in a non-frame transfer mode. In this standard mode of operation, an
FT CCD acts much like a standard CCD. The capture sequence for this standard mode is illustrated here:
•
Step 1: Both Image and Storage areas of the CCD are fully cleared out (the Keep Clean Cycle).
•
Step 2: When an acquisition begins, the CCD stops the Keep Clean Cycle. The image builds up in
the Image area of the CCD. The CCD remains in this state until the exposure time has elapsed, at
which point the readout process starts.
•
Step 3: The charge built up in the Image area is quickly shifted, into the Storage area. The time
required to move the charge into the Storage area is the same as in the Frame Transfer mode.
•
Step 4: With the image now in the Storage area the captured image is read out. The time taken to
read out the image is again the same as in the Frame Transfer mode.
•
Step 5: On completion of the readout, the CCD is again completely cleared, ready to acquire the next
image. The CCD remains in the Keep Clean Cycle until the end of the accumulation or kinetic cycle
time, depending on the acquisition mode, i.e. back to Step 1. As at least one Keep Clean Cycle is
performed between each exposure, the minimum exposure time is no longer set by the time to read
out the image.
As the captured image is quickly shifted into the Storage area, even in non-Frame Transfer mode, the
system may still be used without a mechanical shutter.
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NOTES:
•
When using an FT CCD as a standard CCD, the Exposure Time, Accumulation Cycle Time
and Kinetic Cycle Time can be set independently.
•
The minimum exposure time is not related to the time taken to read out the image.
•
External trigger operates as if the CCD was a Non-FT CCD.
•
As the captured image is quickly shifted into the storage area, even in non-frame transfer
mode, the system may still be used without a mechanical shutter.
•
For short exposure times the image may appear streaked as the time taken to shift the
image area into the storage area may be of similar magnitude.
•
Light falling on the Image area while the Storage area is being read out may contaminate
the image in the Storage area due to charge spilling vertically along a column from the
Image area. The slower the readout rate or the shorter the exposure time the greater the
possibility of corruption. To see why this is the case, consider the following situation:
“During a 100us exposure enough light has fallen on a pixel to register 10000 counts, or 100,000
electrons assuming 10e/count. The image is then shifted into the Storage area. To read out the
image, assuming 1000x1000 pixels, it would take approximately 100ms at 10MHx readout rate. This
means that during the reading out of the image 10 million counts (10000 * 1000) will have been
acquired into the pixel described above. As a pixel saturates at approximately 160,000 electrons this
means that the pixel will over saturated by 60 times. All the excess charge has to go somewhere, and
spreads vertically along the CCD column. As the clocks in the Image area are not actively shifting the
charge, the mobility of the charge will be low and you may not see any effect. However, when you
consider that more than one pixel in any given column could be exposed to 10000 counts per 100us,
the chance of corrupting data is correspondingly increased. Changing the readout rate to 1
microsecond per pixel will greatly decrease the possibility of data corruption due to the reduced time
to read out the image. Reducing the amount of light falling on the CCD and increasing the exposure
time accordingly will also reduce the possibility of data corruption.”
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By default the system is set to non-Frame Transfer mode. To set the chip operation mode to Frame Transfer
call:
SetFrameTransferMode(1)
To switch back to non-frame transfer mode call
SetFrameTransferMode(0)
To fully define a Frame Transfer acquisition you will need to supply the following information:
•
Exposure Time: Time in seconds during which the CCD collects light prior to readout. Set via the
SetExposureTime function.
•
Number of Accumulations: Number of scans you want to add together to create each member
of your kinetic series. The default value of 1 means that each member of the kinetic series will
consist of a single scan. Set via the SetNumberAccumulations function.
•
Number in Kinetic Series: Number of scans (or accumulated scans) you specify to be in your
series. Set via the SetNumberKinetics function.
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TRIGGERING
SECTION 5 - TRIGGERING
TRIGGER MODES
To assist the user in synchronizing data capture with external events the Andor system supports several
modes of triggering, including
Internal
External
External Start
External Exposure (Bulb)
External FVB EM (only valid for EM Newton models in FVB mode) (needs added)
Software
The trigger mode is set via the SetTriggerMode function. In the remainder of this section we will examine
the modes in detail and give some indication on the appropriate application of each trigger mode.
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Internal
In Internal Trigger Mode once an acquisition has been started via the StartAcquisition function the Andor
system determines when data is actually acquired. Before the camera starts the data capture process it
ensures that the CCD is in the appropriate state. This ensures that all acquisitions are identical no matter
how long a time has elapsed since data was last acquired (in fact the camera continually reads out the
CCD to help prevent it from being saturated by light falling on it whilst it is not acquiring data). The camera
also generates all the necessary pulses for shuttering and firing external sources. These pulses are
accessed directly on the camera or via the Auxiliary Connector depending on the model. The Fire Output
defines the position in time during which it is safe to allow a pulsed source to fire. The figure below
illustrates the timing sequence for this mode of operation.
Internal Trigger Mode is ideal for situations where you are using ‘continuous wave’ (CW) light sources (an
ordinary room light for instance) and incoming data, for the purposes of your observation, are steady and
unbroken: thus you can begin acquisitions ‘at will’.
You may use Internal Trigger Mode when you are able to send a trigger signal or ‘Fire Pulse’ to a shortduration, pulsed source (a laser, for example): in this case, initiating the data acquisition process can also
signal the pulsed source to fire.
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TRIGGERING
External
In External Trigger Mode once an acquisition has been started via the StartAcquisition function the
camera is placed into a special dumping version of the ‘Keep Clean’ mode, which ensures that the CCD is
not saturated before the external trigger occurs. Once the External Trigger is received the Keep Clean
sequence is stopped and the acquisition is initiated.
The figure below illustrates the timing sequence for this mode of operation:
The external trigger can be fed in a number of ways:
•
EXT TRIG socket of the I/O Box (available separately, model #IO160)
•
Pin 13 of the Auxiliary Connector on the Andor PCI Card
•
The head in the case of iDus / iXon.
External Trigger mode is suited to data acquisitions involving a ‘pulsed source’ (e.g. a laser) where the
source does NOT allow a trigger pulse to be sent to it but can generate one. It is possible to increase the
frame rate when in external trigger mode by enabling the Fast External Trigger option, see
SetFastExtTrigger.
When this option is enabled the system will not wait for a Keep Clean cycle to be completed before allowing
an external trigger to initiate an acquisition. This may cause the background to change from one scan to
another.
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NOTES:
1. If you have a shutter connected, and are using an external trigger, you must ensure that the
shutter is open before the optical signal you want to measure occurs. When a camera is
operated in frame transfer mode the external trigger sequence is different. Please refer to
the camera user manual for a full description.
2. Some cameras may support the iCam technology. If they do, it will be fully operational in
external trigger mode. It is very similar to the Software trigger functionality except that
instead of a Software command instigating the acquisition, an external source does so. All
the benefits described in the Software Trigger section can also be applied to the external
trigger mode. It is set up in the same way with the same modes except that the trigger mode
is set to External.
Frame transfer is also fully functional in iCam External Trigger mode. When Frame Transfer is on it
means that the Arm signal from the camera will be enabled during the current readout at a point to
ensure the next exposure will end after the current readout is finished. This will give the fastest
frame rate and also ensure that the next exposure cannot end until the previous one has been
readout.
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External Start
In External Start Trigger Mode, once an acquisition has been started via the StartAcquisition function, the
camera system is placed into an external keep clean mode, which ensures that the CCD is not saturated
before the external trigger occurs. Once the External Trigger is received, the Keep Clean sequence is
stopped and the acquisition is initiated. After the initial acquisition the system will then continue to operate as
in internal trigger mode. The figure below illustrates the timing sequence for this mode of operation.
External Start trigger in Fast Kinetics mode
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External Exposure
The External Exposure trigger is a mode of operation where the exposure time is fully controlled by the
external trigger input. While the trigger input is high the CCD is accumulating charge in the Image area.
When the external trigger goes low, the accumulated charge is quickly shifted into the Storage area and then
read out in the normal manner. The figures below illustrate the timing sequences for this mode of operation.
External Exposure Trigger in Frame Transfer mode (885 model only)
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External Exposure Trigger in Non-Frame Transfer mode
Note that not all systems support External Exposure mode. To check if this feature is available with your
system,
use
the
function
GetCapabilities
and
check
the
ulTriggerModes
variable
for
bit
5
(AC_TRIGGERMODE_EXTERNALEXPOSURE) being set. If this bit is set, please use the function
GetCapabilities
again
and
check
the
ulFeatures
variable
for
bit
12
(AC_FEATURES_FTEXTERNALEXPOSURE) being set when Frame Transfer mode is used, and bit 13
(AC_FEATURES_KINETICEXTERNALEXPOSURE) being set when Kinetc and Frame Transfer modes are
used together.
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TRIGGERING
External FVB EM
IExternal FVB EM Trigger Mode is much like operating an acquisition in FVB read mode with EM gain
applied using external trigger with Keep cleans turned off. The difference surrounds the readout of the
collected data and therefore the associated readout time:
When using EM gain a second (EM) register is used to apply the gain to the acquired data, The diagram
below gives a quick overview of the readout process used in both processes.
Imagine a ‘pixel’ at position A.
Normally for the readout cycle to complete, this pixel will have to shift along the shift register and then along
the entire length of the EM Register to C before the next acquisition can begin.
When using FVB EM Trigger Mode however, the EM Register Is used as a temporary storage area and so
the pixel at A no longer needs to travel all the way to C but can stop at position B as this leaves sufficient
space in the shift register for the next acquisition; the data is in effect ‘pipelined’.
Note that not all systems support External FVB EM Trigger mode. To check if this enhanced feature is
available with your system, use the function GetCapabilities and check the ulFeature variable for bit 10
(AC_FEATURES_KEEPCLEANCONTROL) being set.
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TRIGGERING
Software
In Software Trigger Mode, once an acquisition has been started via the StartAcquisition function, the user
software determines when data is actually acquired via the SendSoftwareTrigger command. This will give
full control to the user software to ensure that it only requests an acquisition when it is ready. It permits the
highly efficient upload of new exposure times between acquisitions and even allows a pre-load of up to 16
exposures to the camera which will be cycled through with each acquisition. It also permits the user
software to perform certain actions before requesting the next acquisition, such as moving an external
stage or even to change the exposure time.
Note that not all systems support Software Trigger mode. To check if these enhanced features are
available with your system, use the function GetCapabilities and check the ulTriggerModes variable for bit 3
(AC_TRIGGERMODE_CONTINUOUS) being set. If this bit is set and the system is configured with the
following modes:
•
Read mode set to image
•
Acquisition mode set to Run till abort
•
Trigger mode set to 10
Then the SendSoftwareTrigger command will cause the acquisition to be taken.
It is recommended that you call IsTriggerModeAvailable(10) to check if your system is set up to use the
SendSoftwareTrigger function.
If a SendSoftwareTrigger command is issued when the camera is not ready for it, it will be ignored and an
appropriate return code returned.
The extra functionality of pre-loading exposures (up to a maximum of 16) to the camera is configured with
the SetRingExposureTimes command. When the first acquisition is requested (SendSoftwareTrigger) the
camera will take an acquisition with the first exposure in its list. When the second acquisition is requested
the next exposure in the list will be used and so on. When the camera uses the final exposure in its list it
will loop to the beginning again.
Notes on Frame Transfer
•
On Frame Transfer systems, the Frame Transfer mode can be activated or deactivated. Currently,
not all cameras can take advantage of the frame transfer operation in Software Trigger mode. By
the nature of frame transfer, an exposure can be occurring when the previous acquisition is being
read out. Currently, no PCI connected cameras can be sent a software trigger when the
camera is reading out.
•
USB cameras that support Software trigger can be sent a software trigger command during
readout.
•
Frame transfer is fully supported in external trigger mode.
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SHIFT SPEEDS
SECTION 6 - SHIFT SPEEDS
The Andor system allows you to set the speed at which charge is shifted horizontally and vertically on the
CCD.
The horizontal and vertical shift speeds are set via the SetHSSpeed and SetVSSpeed functions respectively.
The vertical shift speed is the speed at which each row on the CCD is shifted vertically into the Shift
Register. The number of vertical shift speeds and their actual values are determined via the
GetNumberVSSpeeds and GetVSSpeed functions.
The horizontal shift speed is the speed at which the charge in the shift register is shifted horizontally. It is also
the speed at which the signal is digitized via the on board A/D converters. The number of horizontal shift
speeds and their actual values are determined via the GetNumberHSSpeeds and GetHSSpeed functions.
The horizontal shift speed is dependant on the CCD type and the model of plug-in card in the system. The
shift speeds are always returned fastest first.
The following example retrieves the number of horizontal speeds allowed and their actual values in
microseconds. Finally, it selects the fastest speed as follows:
GetNumberHSSpeeds(0, 0, &a); //first A-D, request data speeds for (I = 0; I < a;I++)
GetHSSpeed(0, 0, I, &speed[I]);
SetHSSpeed(0, 0); /* Fastest speed */
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SHUTTER CONTROL
SECTION 7 - SHUTTER CONTROL
SHUTTER MODES
In the sections on Acquisition modes and Readout modes the use of a shutter was highlighted to prevent the
smearing of data. Smearing occurs if light is allowed to fall on to the CCD while the pixel charges are being
binned into the shift register prior to readout. The Andor system has a dedicated shutter control line that
ensures that the shutter is correctly operated at all times.
The SetShutter and SetShutterEx functions provide you with a selection of options that determine when and
how a shutter should be used.
Fully Auto
Fully Auto is the simplest shutter mode because it leaves all shuttering decisions to the Andor system. The
shutter opens and closes automatically in accordance with any acquisition parameters you have set.
This option will automatically provide suitable shuttering for the majority of data acquisitions.
Hold Open
If the shutter mode is set to Hold Open the shutter will be open before, during and after any data acquisition.
Choose this option if you wish to take a series of acquisitions with the shutter opened at all times (e.g. if you
are taking a series of acquisitions with a pulsed source with little or no background illumination).
Hold Closed
If the shutter mode is set to Hold Close the shutter remains closed before, during and after any data
acquisition. Choose this option if you wish to take an acquisition in darkness (e.g. if you are acquiring a
background scan).
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SHUTTER CONTROL
SHUTTER TYPE
The shutter control line is a TTL compatible pulse, which can be either active high or active low to allow the
control of an external shutter.
NOTE: If the camera has an internal shutter (the function IsInternalMechanicalShutter can be used to
test this) but cannot control the internal and external shutter independently (check the capability
AC_FEATURES_SHUTTEREX) then the TTL pulse will always be active high.
•
If you set the shutter type to TTL High with SetShutter or SetShutterEx, the Andor SDK will cause
the output voltage to go ‘high’ to open the shutter.
•
If you set the shutter type to TTL Low with SetShutter or SetShutterEx, the Andor SDK will cause the
output voltage to go ‘low’ to open the shutter.
For Classic systems this pulse will be sent through the Andor PCI card. For other systems this pulse will
be sent through the shutter SMB connector on the camera.
The documentation supplied by the shutter manufacturer will advise the user whether your shutter opens at a
high or a low TTL level.
NOTE: With Full Vertical Binning there is no shutter pulse. The shutter will always be in the Open
position. See Shutter Mode on the previous page and Shutter Transfer Time on the next page.
The I/O Box also contains a 30V shutter jack socket, which produces the same signal as the TTL output but
is always high to open (see User Guide for further details). NOTE: Only applicable to classic systems.
For iXon+ cameras that have independent shutter control (capability AC_FEATURES_SHUTTEREX) we can
control the TTL type and mode of the internal (if available) and external shutter independently using function
SetShutterEx, The external shutter signal will be output through the Shutter SMB port on the rear of the
camera. The internal and external shutters will have the same opening and closing times.
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SHUTTER CONTROL
SHUTTER TRANSFER TIME
Mechanical shutters take a finite time to open or close. This is sometimes called the Shutter Transfer Time
and can be of the order of tens to hundreds of milliseconds. The Transfer Time is important for many
reasons.
Firstly, if your shutter takes 40ms to open and you specify an exposure time of 20ms then the shutter will
simply not get the time to open fully. Similarly, if you are triggering a pulse light source via the Fire pulse then
you will want to ensure that the Fire pulse goes high only when the shutter is opened. Also, if you are
acquiring data in an imaging mode (Multi-Track, Random-Track, Single-Track or Image), with either a
continuous light source or a large high background illumination with a pulsed source, the shutter must be fully
closed before readout begins. Otherwise, a smeared image will result.
The SetShutter and SetShutterEx functions allow you to specify a Transfer Time for both opening and closing
the shutter.
The time you specify for the shutter opening time will affect the minimum exposure time you can set via the
SetExposureTime function. For example, if you set the opening time to 0ms then the minimum exposure time
will be set to the amount of time needed to clean the shift register on the CCD. However, if the opening time
is set to a larger value than is needed to clean the shift register, say 50ms, then the minimum exposure time
will be 51ms i.e. 1ms more than the time needed to open the shutter.
The SetExposureTime is in effect setting the length of time the shutter output will be in the ‘open’ state. The
rising edge of the Fire output signal follows the start of the shutter open state after a delay, equal to the value
you set for the opening time via the SetShutter functions.
Andor SDK also automatically adds the Transfer Time for the closing of the shutter to the end of the
acquisition sequence, introducing an appropriate delay between the start of the shutter ‘closed’ state and the
commencement of the data being read out. This value is set via the closing time parameter in the SetShutter
and SetShutterEx functions.
Figures 10 & 11 on the next page show the timing sequence for both Internal and External triggering modes.
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SHUTTER CONTROL
Figure 9: Timing diagram for shutter and fire pulses in internal trigger mode
Figure 10: Timing diagram for shutter and fire pulses in external trigger mode
NOTES:
1. In the case of external triggering, the external trigger pulse, the shutter pulse and the fire
pulse are all coincident. If you are using a shutter and externally triggering the Andor
system then the external trigger must be pulsed early enough to ensure that the shutter is
fully opened before the light pulse arrives. Please consult the documentation supplied by
the shutter manufacturer to get an indication of the transfer time you can expect from your
particular shutter.
2. If you do not have a shutter connected, set the Closing Time and Opening Time parameters
to 0. Setting these parameters to any other value will insert extra delays into cycle time
calculations.
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TEMPERATURE CONTROL
SECTION 8 - TEMPERATURE CONTROL
The Andor camera incorporates a CCD, which is fabricated using a process known as Multi-Pin Phasing
(MPP). As a result the dark current is reduced by a factor of approximately 100 compared to standard devices
at the same temperature. To reduce the dark current even further Andor SDK allows you to cool and monitor
the CCD temperature through a number of functions. The desired temperature is set via the SetTemperature
function whilst the actual cooling mechanism is switched On and Off via the CoolerON and CoolerOFF
functions.
The table below shows a typical example of temperatures attainable with the various systems available, with
and without the assistance of water-cooling. Please refer to the specification supplied with your particular
model for full details. The possible temperature range available to the SetTemperature function can be
obtained using the GetTemperatureRange function.
Moderate Cooling
High Cooling
Ultra-High Cooling
Air
Water
Air
Water
Air
Water
-5°C
-25°C
-30°C
-55°C
-75°C
-90°C
NOTES:
1. Because rapid cooling and heating can cause thermal stresses in the CCD the rate of cooling
and heating is regulated to be <10°°C per minute on some systems.
2. While the system is cooling, or heating, you can acquire data but the ‘Background Level’ WILL
change with temperature. The current temperature can be read using the GetTemperature
function. This function also returns the status of any cooling process including whether the
cooler is ON or OFF.
3. If the GetTemperature function returns the DRV_TEMP_STABILIZED status flag then the
temperature is within 3°°C of the set temperature and the microprocessor is no LONGER
regulating the cooling rate. At this point the temperature regulation is controlled via analog
electronics.
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SPECIAL GUIDES
SECTION 9 - SPECIAL GUIDES
CONTROLLING MULTIPLE CAMERAS
Using the SDK It is possible to control multiple Andor cameras. The following SDK functions permit the
selection and use of one Andor camera at a time.
•
GetAvailableCameras
•
GetCameraHandle
•
SetCurrentCamera
•
GetCurrentCamera
•
Initialize
*NOTE: If only one camera is available it is not necessary to use any of these functions since that
camera will be selected by default.
A maximum of eight cameras can be controlled by the SDK. This can be a combination of USB and PCI
cameras but the maximum number of PCI cameras that can be supported is two.
While using more than one camera the other SDK functions are used in the normal way. When a function is
called it only affects the currently selected camera and is not sent to all cameras. This allows each camera to
be programmed individually but it also means that each camera has to be individually initialized and shut
down.
Another aspect of this control method is that cameras cannot be simultaneously triggered using the software if simultaneous triggering is required then external triggers should be used.
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USING MULTIPLE CAMERA FUNCTIONS
The GetAvailableCameras function is used to return the number of Andor cameras available. A handle for
each camera is obtained using the GetCameraHandle function (this handle should be stored for the lifetime of
the application).
Any of the available cameras can then be selected by calling the SetCurrentCamera function and passing in
the camera handle. Once a camera has been selected any other SDK function can be called as normal but it
will only apply to the selected camera. Initialize must be called once for each camera that you wish to use. At
any stage the GetCurrentCamera function can be called and it will return the handle of the currently selected
camera.
NOTE:
1. It is not possible to unplug any cameras or plug in new ones during the lifetime of the
application.
2. It is not possible to trigger cameras simultaneously using software. To simultaneously trigger
more than one camera external triggers can be used or alternatively one camera can be
triggered by software and the fire pulse from this camera used to trigger the others.
3. Currently, if only one camera is installed there is no need to obtain the camera handle or select
it since this camera will be used by default.
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This example pseudo code demonstrates how to use the functions relating to the operation of multiple
cameras:
Figure 11: Example of Multiple Camera Pseudo Code
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DATA RETRIEVAL METHODS
How to determine when new data is available
There are a wide of range of functions available for retrieving data from the camera. Deciding which functions
should be used depends on whether the data will be retrieved during an acquisition or once the acquisition is
complete. See Retrieving Image Data
For certain cases it may be useful to know what stage an acquisition is at. The GetStatus function can be
used to get the current status of the acquisition. It will return information such as, the acquisition is in
progress or it is finished. See GetStatus for full list of return information.
Another way to know if an acquisition is finished is with the WaitForAcquisition function. When an acquisition
is started, the WaitForAcquisition function can be called, it does not return from this function until the
acquisition is finished. The function can be cancelled by calling the CancelWait function although this will
require the user application to be multi-threaded.
Figure 12: Example of WaitForAcquisition Pseudo Code
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The SetDriverEvent function can be used in conjunction with event handles. If an event is created using the
WIN32 CreateEvent function and passed to the SDK using the SetDriverEvent function an event handle now
exists which the SDK can use to inform the application that something has occurred.
To ensure that the event has been set by a new image arriving and not something else (e.g. temperature
change) the GetTotalNumberImagesAcquired function can be used. This function will return the total number
of images acquired and transferred to the Andor SDK, and which are now available to be retrieved by the
user.(see section Retrieving Image Data). Comparing the new value to a previously stored one is an effective
way of checking that there are new images available.
Figure 13: Example of SetDriverEvent Pseudo Code
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Retrieving Image Data
Depending on the image settings there may be more than one image available after each notification. It is
important to ensure that all of the new images are retrieved if they are required. The recommended functions
for retrieving image data are as follows:
•
GetOldestImage
•
GetMostRecentImage
•
GetImages
•
GetAcquiredData
GetOldestImage, GetMostRecentImage, and GetImages are used to retrieve data from an internal 48MB
circular buffer that is written to by all acquisition modes. They are particularly useful for retrieving data while
an acquisition is taking place especially during run till abort mode but can also be used when the acquisition
is complete. For all acquisition modes (except Run Till Abort) the GetAcquiredData function can be used to
retrieve all the acquired data once the acquisition is complete.
NOTE: All functions mentioned here refer to retrieving 32-bit data but there are also 16-bit versions of
these functions available.
GetOldestImage will retrieve the oldest available image from the circular buffer. Once the oldest image has
been retrieved it is no longer available and calling GetOldestImage again will retrieve the next image. This is
a useful function for retrieving a number of images. For example if there are 5 new images available, calling
GetOldestImage 5 times will retrieve them all. GetMostRecentImage will retrieve the most recent image from
the circular buffer. This provides a method for displaying the most recent image on screen while the
acquisition is in progress (should be used in conjunction with the GetNumberNewImages function).
The GetNumberNewImages function returns the start and end index of the images that are available in the
circular buffer. These indexes should be used along with the GetImages function to retrieve all of the
available data. This provides an effective way of retrieving a number of new images in one function call.
GetAcquiredData should be used once the acquisition is complete to retrieve all the data from the series.
This could be a single scan or an entire kinetic series.
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DETERMINING CAMERA CAPABILITIES
Retrieving capabilities from the camera
It is important to be able to determine the capabilities of the camera. This allows the user to take the full
benefit of all the features available.
There are a number of functions available which can be used to obtain this information and these can be found
in the following areas of this section.
•
Horizontal Pixel Shift Capabilities
•
Vertical Pixel Shift Capabilities
•
Other Capabilities
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Horizontal Pixel Shift Capabilities
Depending on the camera type and model there will be variations in the number of A/D channels, the number
of Output Amplifiers, the number & range of Horizontal Shift Speeds and the number & range of Pre-Amp
Gains. The first step in this process is to determine the following:
•
Number of A/D channels using the GetNumberADChannels function
•
Number of output amplifiers using the GetNumberAmp function
•
Maximum number of pre-amp gains using the GetNumberPreAmpGains function
NOTE:
Not
all
PRE-AMP
gains
are
available
for
each
horizontal
shift
speed.
The
IsPreAmpGainAvailable function is used to determine which are valid for a particular horizontal shift
speed and this will be explained later.
The bit depth of each A/D channel can be found using the GetBitDepth function.
Once this information has been obtained the next step is to find the number of available horizontal shift
speeds for each output amplifier on each A/D channel using the GetNumberHSSpeeds function. Following
this the value of each horizontal shift speed can be found using the GetHSSpeed function.
Each horizontal shift speed has an associated number of valid pre-amp gains. The next step is to obtain the
value of each pre-amp gain using the GetPreAmpGain function. Not all pre-amp gains are available for each
horizontal shift speed so using the IsPreAmpGainAvailable function it is possible to check which pre-amp
gains are valid. Once the information has been retrieved the relevant selections can be made using the
functions that follow:
•
SetADChannel
•
SetOutputAmplifier
•
SetHSSpeed
•
SetPreAmpGain
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An example of the pseudo code for this capability is shown here:
Figure 14: Example of Horizontal Pixel Shift Pseudo Code
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Vertical Pixel Shift Capabilities
Depending on the camera type and model there will be variations in the number of Vertical Shift Speeds
available.
The first step in this process is to determine the number of vertical shift speeds using the
GetNumberVSSpeeds function. Following this the value of each vertical shift speed can be found using the
GetVSSpeed function.
Since the camera may be capable of operating at more than one vertical shift speed the
GetFastestRecommendedVSSpeed function will return the index and the value of the fastest recommended
speed available. The very high vertical shift speeds may require an increase in the amplitude of the vertical
clock voltage using the SetVSAmplitude function.
The GetFastestRecommendedVSSpeed function returns the fastest speed which does not require the vertical
clock voltage to be adjusted. If the fastest recommended speed is selected the vertical clock voltage should
be set as normal.
NOTE: Exercise caution when increasing the amplitude of the Vertical Clock voltage, since higher
clocking voltages may result in increased Clock-Induced Charge in your signal. In general, only the
very highest speeds are likely to benefit from increased vertical clock voltage amplitude.
Once the information has been retrieved the relevant selections can be made using these functions:
•
SetVSSpeed
•
SetVSAmplitude
An example of the pseudo code for this capability is shown in figure 15:
Figure 15: Example of vertical pixel shift pseudo code
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Other Capabilities
Other information about the camera can be obtained using the following functions:
•
GetCapabilities
•
IsInternalMechanicalShutter
The GetCapabilities function populates an AndorCapabilities structure with information associated with
the camera. Afterwards this structure can be used to determine details about the camera e.g. supported
acquisition modes, supported trigger types.
The IsInternalMechanicalShutter function is used to determine if the camera has an internal mechanical
shutter.
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Output Amplifiers
Depending on the camera type and model there will be variations Output Amplifiers that can be applied to
your acquisition:
•
EMCCD Gain
•
Extended NIR
•
High Capacity
By using the GetCapabilities function you can determine which amplifiers are available to your camera, the
ulSetFunctions field will return the revevent information.
EMCCD Gain
EMCCD is a quantitative digital camera technology that is capable of detecting single photon events whilst
maintaining high Quantum Efficiency, achievable by way of a unique electron multiplying structure built into
the sensor. If ulSetFunctions bit 5 returns 1 then EM Gain can be set by either the SetOutputAmplifier or
the SetHSSpeed functions. (figure 16).
Figure 16: Example of EMCCD Gain Pseudo Code
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Extended NIR
When using Extended is increased. This in turn increases the response of the sensor to these wavelengths
with a QE increase from 40% Near Infra-Red Mode the increased thickness of the silicon on which the CCD
is formed and by manipulating the voltages applied to the silicon substrate, the depth of the region where
red and NIR light can convert to photoelectrons to 60% at 650 nm. If ulSetFunctions bit 7 returns 1 then
Extended NIR mode can be activated by using either the SetOutputAmplifier or the SetHSSpeed functions.
(figure 17).
Figure 17: Example of Extended NIR Pseudo Code
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High Capacity
With High capacity enabled the responsivity of the sensor is reduced thus allowing the reading of larger
charge packets during binning operations. If ulSetFunctions bit 7 returns 1 then High Capacity mode can be
activated bu using the SetHighCapacity function.
(figure 19).
Figure 18: Example of High Capacity mode Pseudo Code
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iCam
iCam technology is a combined firmware and software innovation that has been incorporated into Andor’s
EMCCD imaging cameras. iCam offers enhanced performance for acquisitions whether software triggered or
hardware (externally) triggered, with absolute minimal overheads. It allows for faster frame rates in software
by dedicated timing patterns that eliminate unnecessary overhead times. This, alongside the bi-directional
communication between camera and PC, facilitates unparalleled synchronization with other peripheral
equipment. A ring mode offers the capacity to use up to 16 different timing patterns uploaded into the camera
head, thus trigger events can yield virtually instantaneous switching between exposure channels.
This new functionality has been added to the Run Till Abort acquisition mode and currently will only operate
with Image readout mode. Cameras must contain a suitable firmware and if a PCI card is being used it must
be a CCI-23 card and have a suitable firmware loaded. If you are unsure if your current Hardware is iCam
compatible please download the ‘iCam compatibility checker’ from andor.com.
It will operate in Software and External trigger mode, with both Frame Transfer and Non Frame Transfer
mode.
The idea behind this is that the SDK puts the camera into a ‘heightened state of readiness’ and when a
trigger comes (either software or hardware) the acquisition can be taken immediately.
If you hardware is compatible and needs to be upgraded please contact productsupport@andor.com for a
further application which will upgrade your system.
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iCam technology is a combined firmware and software innovation that has been incorporated into Andor’s
EMCCD imaging cameras. iCam offers enhanced performance for acquisitions whether software triggered or
hardware (externally) triggered, with absolute minimal overheads. It allows for faster frame rates in software
by dedicated timing patterns that eliminate unnecessary overhead times. This, alongside the bi-directional
communication between camera and PC, facilitates unparalleled synchronization with other peripheral
equipment. A ring mode offers the capacity to use up to 16 different timing patterns uploaded into the camera
head, thus trigger events can yield virtually instantaneous switching between exposure channels.
This new functionality has been added to the Run Till Abort acquisition mode and currently will only operate
with Image readout mode. Cameras must contain a suitable firmware and if a PCI card is being used it must
be a CCI-23 card and have a suitable firmware loaded. If you are unsure if your current Hardware is iCam
compatible please download the ‘iCam compatibility checker’ from andor.com.
It will operate in Software and External trigger mode, with both Frame Transfer and Non Frame Transfer
mode.
The idea behind this is that the SDK puts the camera into a ‘heightened state of readiness’ and when a
trigger comes (either software or hardware) the acquisition can be taken immediately.
If you hardware is compatible and needs to be upgraded please contact productsupport@andor.com for a
further application which will upgrade your system.
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OptAcquire
This is a unique interface whereby a user can choose from a pre-determined list of camera set-up
configurations. The user need only choose how they would like their camera to be optimized, e.g. for
‘Sensitivity and Speed’, ‘Dynamic Range and Speed’, ‘Time Lapse’. Parameters such as EM gain
value, vertical shift speed, vertical clock amplitude, pre-amp sensitivity and horizontal readout speed
will then be optimized accordingly, ‘behind the scenes’. Furthermore, the option exists to create
additional user-defined configurations. Pre-defined OptAcquire modes include:
1. Sensitivity and Speed (EM Amplifier)
Optimized for capturing weak signal at fast frame rates, with single photon sensitivity. Suited to the
majority of EMCCD applications.
2. Dynamic Range and Speed (EM Amplifier)
Configured to deliver optimal dynamic range at fast frame rates. Moderate EM gain applied.
3. Fastest Frame Rate (EM Amplifier)
For when it’s all about speed! Optimized for absolute fastest frame rates of the camera. Especially
effective when combined with sub-array/binning selections.
4. Time Lapse (EM Amplifier)
Configured to capture low light images with time intervals between exposures. Overlap ('frame
transfer') readout is deactivated.
5. Time Lapse and Short Exposures (EM Amplifier)
Configured to minimize vertical smear when using exposure times less than 3ms.
6. EMCCD Highest Dynamic Range (EM Amplifier)
Combines EMCCD low light detection with the absolute highest dynamic range that the camera can
deliver. Since this requires slower readout, frame rate is sacrificed.
7. CCD Highest Dynamic Range (Conventional Amplifier)
Optimized for slow scan CCD detection with highest available dynamic range. Recommended for
brighter signals OR when it is possible to apply long exposures to overcome noise floor.
8. Photon Counting EM
Configuration recommended for photon counting with individual exposures < 10sec.
9. Photon Counting with Long Exposures (> 1sec)
Configuration recommended for photon counting with individual exposures > 1sec.
The following list details the valid acquisition parameters and input values for use with OptAcquire functions.
Parameter: output_amplifier
Type: String
Valid Values: “Conventional or “Electron Multiplying”.
Parameter: frame_transfer
Type: String
Valid Values: “ON” or “OFF”.
Parameter: readout_rate
Type: Float
Valid Values: A valid and supported value which can be retrieved by subsequent calls to
GetNumberHSSpeeds() and GetHSSpeed().
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Parameter: shift_speed
Type: Float
Valid Values: A valid and supported value which can be retrieved by subsequent calls to
GetNumberVSSpeeds() and GetVSSpeed().
Parameter: electron_multiplying_gain
Type: Integer
Valid Values: A valid and supported value which can be retrieved from a call to GetEMGainRange().
Parameter: vertical_clock_amplitude
Type: Integer
Valid Values: A valid and supported integer value in the range 0 – 4.
Parameter: preamplifier_gain
Type: Integer
Valid Values: A valid and supported value which can be retrieved from subsequent calls to
GetNumberPreAmpGains() and GetPreAmpGain().
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An example of the pseudo code for using OptAcquire is shown in figure 16 and figure 17:
Figure 16: Example of OptAcquire using Preset Modes
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Figure 17: Example of OptAcquire Adding a New Mode
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EXAMPLES
SECTION 10 - EXAMPLES
INTRODUCTION
We present here a number of examples of controlling Andor SDK to acquire data. Source code for each
example can be found on the disk. Each example is presented in three different languages, Visual Basic,
LabVIEW and C.
The examples were devised to demonstrate the wide versatility and range of the data acquisition
mechanisms available with Andor SDK. The examples are all based on variations of the flowchart
described on the following pages.
The flowchart is a basic demonstration of how to set up and control the Andor system to acquire data with
the appropriate Andor SDK commands located just to the right of the flowchart.
The flowchart is divided into three sections, the first deals with the initialization of the system and controlling
the sensor temperature. The second section deals with the data acquisition process while the third
illustrates the proper shutdown procedure.
NOTE: Do not have more than one example or other SDK software (e.g. Andor Solis™, iQ™)
running at the same time.
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RUNNING THE EXAMPLES
C
The C examples are supplied as ready to run executable files (both 32-bit and 64-bit) and with complete
source code. The code has been tested with Microsoft VC++ 5.0 and Borland Developer Studio 2006.
You are free to modify the example source code in the “C” directory to be compatible with your own compiler.
In order to compile your own C or C++ programs you will need the following files:
• ATMCD32D.H
C Header File
• ATMCD32D.LIB / ATMCD64D.LIB Import Library (Borland compatible)
•
ATMCD32M.LIB / ATMCD64M.LIB
Import Library (Microsoft compatible)
LabVIEW
The LabVIEW examples are contained in the sub-directory “LabVIEW” of the installation directory. The
LabVIEW examples are in the form of VI's and must be run through LabVIEW 7.0 or higher (32-bit).
Visual Basic
The Visual Basic examples are contained in the sub-directory VBasic of the installation directory. Each
example contains all the source code, forms and project files to re-build executable files.
Each of the Visual Basic examples comes with a ready to run executable file.
When building you own projects you must include the file ATMCD32D.BAS. This file contains the Andor SDK
function prototypes for interfacing with the dynamic link library ATMCD32D.DLL
NOTE: To run any of the examples you will need the following files:
• ATMCD32D.DLL / ATMCD64D.DLL (depending on system)
• DETECTOR.INI: Contains initialization information (not required on iDus, iXon or Newton systems)
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FLOW CHART OF THE FUNCTION CALLS NEEDED TO CONTROL ANDOR CAMERA
1. The application initializes the camera then obtains information relating to the capabilities of the system.
NOTE: The Andor SDK takes several seconds to Auto-Calibrate the on-board A/D converter
whenever the Initialize function is called.
2. The CCD sensor’s operating temperature is set to some value within the allowed temperature range (e.g.
-2 °C), and the cooler is switched on.
3 - 4. The current temperature is periodically monitored to check if the temperature has stabilized to the set
value. The temperature can take several minutes to stabilize and with the appropriate programming
techniques the user should be able to set up other tasks, as illustrated in the C examples.
Once the CCD sensor temperature has stabilized you can start acquiring data.
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5. The acquisition parameters are programmed to match the specifications of the user, e.g. acquisition
mode (single scan etc.), readout mode (full vertical binning etc.) and the trigger mode (Internal etc.).
6. You are now ready to start an acquisition.
7 - 8. The current acquisition status is periodically monitored to check if the data acquisition is complete.
9. After a successful data acquisition the data is transferred from the Andor driver into the application.
10. At this point the user may choose to capture a new acquisition or not.
11. Yes: capture a new scan. The user may decide to alter the acquisition set-up (e.g. change the exposure
time) or simply use the current parameters.
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12. When the user has completely finished acquiring data the shutdown procedure is started. The cooler is
switched off. It is important to control both the heating and cooling rates of the CCD sensor otherwise the
temperature gradients may damage the sensor. Thus it is highly recommended that the user uses the
correct exiting procedure rather than, for example, simply switching off the computer.
13 – 14. The current temperature is periodically monitored to check if the temperature has risen to a
sufficiently high value.
15. For Classic & ICCD systems wait until the temperature has risen above -20°C. The user may now shut
down the Andor SDK system.
16. The program releases any memory still being used and exits the application.
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Cooler
This example is different from all the previous examples in that its main goal is not to acquire data but to
demonstrate the proper use of the cooling capabilities of the Andor SDK System. It includes the taking of a
single FVB scan for completeness. This example is an expanded version of Example 1.
TM
DDG
The digital delay generator for iStar systems is demonstrated by this example. The user can control the gate
times, gain level and integrate on chip parameters. The acquisition is set to a kinetic series of full vertically
binned scans.
EMCCD
This example demonstrates acquisitions with an EMCCD detector, and in particular the Gain setting that can
be applied to these devices
Events
The events example shows the alternative method of handling acquisitions, using Windows events to signal
when the acquisition is complete instead of timer polling used in other examples. A kinetic series of full
vertically binned scans is taken and the events signalled by the Andor SDK are indicated in the status window
as they arrive
Frame Transfer
The frame transfer example is similar to the kinetics example, except that the accumulate cycle and kinetic
series times can not be set independently, as they rely solely on the exposure time setting
FVB
This example illustrates the simplest mode of operation of the Andor system. It initializes the system and then
acquires a single spectrum using the Full Vertical Binning readout mode. The user is given the ability to specify
the trigger mode and exposure time (as the examples progress the user is given more and more options to
set).
Image
This example is slightly more complicated than the first example with the addition of a shutter. In general a
shutter must be used whenever the readout mode is anything other than Full Vertical Binning. For this example
we will use the readout mode Image with the horizontal and vertical binning set to 1. The user is given the
ability to specify the exposure time, trigger mode and some of the shutter details.
Image Binning
This example shows how to acquire single images with possible binning. The sub image to be read can be
entered and the binning for each dimension can be set.
Kinetics/Accumulate
For this example we go back to the Full Vertical Binning readout mode as in example 1. However, we
introduce a new acquisition mode, Kinetic Series. Kinetic Series is the most complex acquisition mode with up
to 5 parameters to be set. The user is given the ability to specify the number of accumulations per scan,
accumulation cycle time, number of scans in Kinetic series, Kinetic cycle time and the exposure time.
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Kinetic Image
This example is a combination of the imaging and kinetic examples.
Multi-Track
This example illustrates the use of the Multi-Track readout mode. The acquisition mode is constrained to
Single Scan and uses internal triggering. As this example uses imaging we again use a shutter. The user has
the ability to specify both the shutter and Multi-Track parameters
Random-Track
This example is similar to Multi-Track readout mode as described above. The user has the ability to
add/select their own track parameters, i.e. Start & Stop, number of tracks (Maximum of 20 tracks for iDus) and
they can also select the shutter parameters.
Spool
This example demonstrates the use of spooling to disk. Spooling can be enabled or disabled and the stem of
the created spool files can be entered. The acquisition mode is set to Kinetic Series
Continuous mode
This is a simple example to demonstrate the iCam functionality that some cameras may have.
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FUNCTIONS
SECTION 11 - FUNCTIONS
This section provides details of the various Functions available.
AbortAcquisition
unsigned int WINAPI AbortAcquisition(void)
Description
This function aborts the current acquisition if one is active.
Parameters
NONE
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Acquisition aborted.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_IDLE
The system is not currently acquiring.
DRV_VXDNOTINSTALLED
VxD not loaded.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
GetStatus StartAcquisition
CancelWait
unsigned int WINAPI CancelWait(void)
Description
This function restarts a thread which is sleeping within the WaitForAcquisition function.
The sleeping thread will return from WaitForAcquisition with a value not equal to
DRV_SUCCESS.
Parameters
NONE
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
See also
Thread restarted successfully.
WaitForAcquisition
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CoolerOFF
unsigned int WINAPI CoolerOFF(void)
Description
Switches OFF the cooling. The rate of temperature change is controlled in some models
until the temperature reaches 0º. Control is returned immediately to the calling
application.
Parameters
NONE
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Temperature controller switched OFF.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_NOT_SUPPORTED
Camera does not support switching cooler off.
CoolerON, SetTemperature, GetTemperature, GetTemperatureF,
GetTemperatureRange, GetStatus
NOTE: Not available on Luca R cameras – always cooled to -20.
NOTE: (Classic & ICCD only)
1. When the temperature control is switched off the temperature of the sensor is gradually
raised to 0ºC to ensure no thermal stresses are set up in the sensor.
2. When closing down the program via ShutDown you must ensure that the temperature of the
detector is above -20ºC, otherwise calling ShutDown while the detector is still cooled will
cause the temperature to rise faster than certified.
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CoolerON
unsigned int WINAPI CoolerON(void)
Description
Switches ON the cooling. On some systems the rate of temperature change is controlled
until the temperature is within 3º of the set value. Control is returned immediately to the
calling application.
Parameters
NONE
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Temperature controller switched ON.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
CoolerOFF,
SetTemperature,
GetTemperature,
GetTemperatureF,
GetTemperatureRange, GetStatus
NOTE:
The temperature to which the detector will be cooled is set via SetTemperature. The temperature
stabilization is controlled via hardware, and the current temperature can be obtained via
GetTemperature. The temperature of the sensor is gradually brought to the desired temperature to
ensure no thermal stresses are set up in the sensor.
Can be called for certain systems during an acquisition.
This can be tested for using
GetCapabilities.
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DemosaicImage
unsigned int WINAPI DemosaicImage(WORD* grey, WORD* red, WORD* green, WORD* blue,
ColorDemosaicInfo* info)
Description
For colour sensors only
Demosaics an image taken with a CYMG CCD into RGB using the parameters stored in
info. Below is the ColorDemosaicInfo structure definition and a description of its
members:
typedef struct COLORDEMOSAICINFO {
int iX; // Number of X pixels. Must be >2.
int iY; // Number of Y pixels. Must be >2.
int iAlgorithm; // Algorithm to demosaic image.
int iXPhase; // First pixel in data (Cyan or Yellow/Magenta or Green).
int iYPhase; // First pixel in data (Cyan or Yellow/Magenta or Green).
int iBackground; // Background to remove from raw data when demosaicing.
} ColorDemosaicInfo;
•
iX and iY are the image dimensions. The number of elements in the input red,
green and blue arrays is iX x iY.
•
iAlgorithm sets the algorithm to use: 0 for a 2x2 matrix demosaic algorithm or 1
for a 3x3 one.
The CYMG CCD pattern can be broken into cells of 2x4 pixels, e.g.:
Parameters
•
iXPhase and iYPhase store what colour is the bottom-left pixel.
•
iBackground sets the numerical value to be removed from every pixel in the
input image before demosaicing is done.
WORD* grey: pointer to image to demosaic
WORD* red: pointer to the red plane storage allocated by the user.
WORD* green: pointer to the green plane storage allocated by the user.
WORD* blue: pointer to the blue plane storage allocated by the user.
ColorDemosaicInfo* info: pointer to demosaic information structure.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Image demosaiced
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid pointer (i.e. NULL).
DRV_P2INVALID
Invalid pointer (i.e. NULL).
DRV_P3INVALID
Invalid pointer (i.e. NULL).
DRV_P4INVALID
Invalid pointer (i.e. NULL).
DRV_P5INVALID
One or more parameters in info is out of range
GetMostRecentColorImage16, WhiteBalance
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FUNCTIONS
EnableKeepCleans
unsigned int WINAPI EnableKeepCleans (int mode)
Description
This function is only available on certain cameras operating in FVB external trigger
mode. It determines if the camera keep clean cycle will run between acquisitions.
When keep cleans are disabled in this way the exposure time is effectively the exposure
time between triggers.
The Keep Clean cycle is enabled by default.
The feature capability AC_FEATURES_KEEPCLEANCONTROL determines if this
function can be called for the camera.
Parameters
int mode: mode
0 OFF
1 ON
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Keep clean cycle mode set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_NOT_AVAILABLE
Feature not available.
See also
GetCapabilities
NOTE:
Currently only available on Newton and iKon cameras operating in FVB external
trigger mode.
FreeInternalMemory
unsigned int WINAPI FreeInternalMemory(void)
Description
The FreeInternalMemory function will deallocate any memory used internally to store the
previously acquired data. Note that once this function has been called, data from last
acquisition cannot be retrived.
Parameters
NONE
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Memory freed.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
GetImages, PrepareAcquisition
Filter_GetAveragingFactor
unsigned int WINAPI Filter_GetAveragingFactor (int * averagingFactor)
Description
Returns the current averaging factor value.
Parameters
int * averagingFactor: The current averaging factor value.
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Averaging factor returned.
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FUNCTIONS
See also
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid averagingFactor (i.e. NULL pointer).
Filter_SetAveragingFactor
Filter_GetAveragingFrameCount
unsigned int WINAPI Filter_GetAveragingFrameCount (int * frames)
Description
Returns the current frame count value.
Parameters
int * frames: The current frame count value.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Frame count returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid frame count (i.e. NULL pointer).
Filter_SetAveragingFrameCount
Filter_GetDataAveragingMode
unsigned int WINAPI Filter_GetDataAveragingMode (int * mode)
Description
Returns the current averaging mode.
Parameters
int * mode: The current averaging mode.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Averaging mode returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid threshold (i.e. NULL pointer).
Filter_SetDataAveragingMode
Filter_GetMode
unsigned int WINAPI Filter_GetMode (unsigned int * mode)
Description
Returns the current Noise Filter mode.
Parameters
unsigned int * mode: Noise Filter mode.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Filter mode returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_NOT_SUPPORTED
Noise Filter processing not available for this camera.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid mode (i.e. NULL pointer)
Filter_SetMode
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FUNCTIONS
Filter_GetThreshold
unsigned int WINAPI Filter_GetThreshold (float * threshold)
Description
Returns the current Noise Filter threshold value.
Parameters
float * threshold: The current threshold value.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Threshold returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_NOT_SUPPORTED
Noise Filter processing not available for this camera.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid threshold (i.e. NULL pointer).
Filter_SetThreshold
Filter_SetAveragingFactor
unsigned int WINAPI Filter_SetAveragingFactor (int averagingFactor)
Description
Sets the averaging factor.
Parameters
int averagingFactor: The averaging factor to use.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Averaging factor set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid averagingFactor.
Filter_GetAveragingFactor
Filter_SetAveragingFrameCount
unsigned int WINAPI Filter_SetAveragingFrameCount (int frames)
Description
Sets the averaging frame count.
Parameters
int frames: The averaging frame count to use.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Averaging frame count set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid frame count.
Filter_GetAveragingFrameCount
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FUNCTIONS
Filter_SetDataAveragingMode
unsigned int WINAPI Filter_SetDataAveragingMode (int mode)
Description
Sets the current data averaging mode.
Parameters
int mode: The averaging factor mode to use.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Averaging mode set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid mode.
Filter_GetDataAveragingMode
Filter_SetMode
unsigned int WINAPI Filter_SetMode (unsigned int mode)
Description
Set the Noise Filter to use.
Parameters
unsigned int mode: Filter mode to use.
Valid options are:
0 – No Filter
1 – Median Filter
2 – Level Above Filter
3 – Interquartile Range Filter
4 – Noise Threshold Filter
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Filter set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_NOT_SUPPORTED
Noise Filter processing not available for this camera.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid mode.
Filter_GetMode
Filter_SetThreshold
unsigned int WINAPI Filter_SetThreshold (float threshold)
Description
Sets the threshold value for the Noise Filter.
Parameters
float threshold: Threshold value used to process image.
Valid values are: 0 – 65535 for Level Above filter.
0 – 10 for all other filters.
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Threshold set.
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FUNCTIONS
See also
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_NOT_SUPPORTED
Noise Filter processing not available for this camera.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid threshold.
Filter_GetThreshold
GetAcquiredData
unsigned int WINAPI GetAcquiredData(at_32* arr, unsigned long size)
Description
This function will return the data from the last acquisition. The data are returned as long
integers (32-bit signed integers). The “array” must be large enough to hold the complete
data set.
Parameters
at_32* arr: pointer to data storage allocated by the user.
unsigned long size: total number of pixels.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Data copied.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid pointer (i.e. NULL).
DRV_P2INVALID
Array size is incorrect.
DRV_NO_NEW_DATA
No acquisition has taken place
GetStatus, StartAcquisition, GetAcquiredData16
GetAcquiredData16
unsigned int WINAPI GetAcquiredData16(WORD* arr, unsigned long size)
Description
16-bit version of the GetAcquiredData function. The “array” must be large enough to
hold the complete data set.
Parameters
WORD* arr: pointer to data storage allocated by the user.
long size: total number of pixels.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Data copied.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid pointer (i.e. NULL).
DRV_P2INVALID
Array size isincorrect.
DRV_NO_NEW_DATA
No acquisition has taken place
GetStatus, StartAcquisition, GetAcquiredData
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FUNCTIONS
GetAcquiredFloatData
unsigned int WINAPI GetAcquiredFloatData (float* arr, unsigned long size)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
GetAcquisitionProgress
unsigned int WINAPI GetAcquisitionProgress(long* acc, long* series)
Description
This function will return information on the progress of the current acquisition. It can be
called at any time but is best used in conjunction with SetDriverEvent.
The values returned show the number of completed scans in the current acquisition.
If 0 is returned for both accum and series then either:•
No acquisition is currently running
•
The acquisition has just completed
•
The very first scan of an acquisition has just started and not yet completed
GetStatus can be used to confirm if the first scan has just started, returning
DRV_ACQUIRING, otherwise it will return DRV_IDLE.
For example, if accum=2 and series=3 then the acquisition has completed 3 in the series
and 2 accumulations in the 4 scan of the series.
Parameters
long* acc: returns the number of accumulations completed in the current kinetic scan.
long* series: return the number of kinetic scans completed
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Number of accumulation and series scans completed.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
SetAcquisitionMode, SetNumberAccumulations, SetNumberKinetics, SetDriverEvent
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FUNCTIONS
GetAcquisitionTimings
unsigned int WINAPI GetAcquisitionTimings(float* exposure, float* accumulate, float* kinetic)
Description
This function will return the current “valid” acquisition timing information. This function
should be used after all the acquisitions settings have been set, e.g. SetExposureTime,
SetKineticCycleTime and SetReadMode etc. The values returned are the actual times
used in subsequent acquisitions.
This function is required as it is possible to set the exposure time to 20ms, accumulate
cycle time to 30ms and then set the readout mode to full image. As it can take 250ms to
read out an image it is not possible to have a cycle time of 30ms.
Parameters
float* exposure: valid exposure time in seconds
float* accumulate: valid accumulate cycle time in seconds
float* kinetic: valid kinetic cycle time in seconds
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Timing information returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_INVALID_MODE
Acquisition or readout mode is not available.
SetAccumulationCycleTime, SetAcquisitionMode, SetExposureTime, SetHSSpeed,
SetKineticCycleTime, SetMultiTrack, SetNumberAccumulations, SetNumberKinetics,
SetReadMode, SetSingleTrack, SetTriggerMode, SetVSSpeed
GetAdjustedRingExposureTimes
unsigned int WINAPI GetAdjustedRingExposureTimes (int inumTimes, float * fptimes)
Description
This function will return the actual exposure times that the camera will use. There may be
differences between requested exposures and the actual exposures.
Parameters
int inumTimes: Numbers of times requested.
float * fptimes: Pointer to an array large enough to hold _inumTimes floats.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Success.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid number of exposures requested
GetNumberRingExposureTimes, SetRingExposureTimes
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SECTION 11
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FUNCTIONS
GetAIIDMAData
unsigned int WINAPI GetAllDMAData (at_32* arr, unsigned long size)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
GetAmpDesc
unsigned int WINAPI GetAmpDesc (int index , char* name, int len)
Description
This function will return a string with an amplifier description. The amplifier is selected
using the index. The SDK has a string associated with each of its amplifiers. The
maximum number of characters needed to store the amplifier descriptions is 21. The user
has to specify the number of characters they wish to have returned to them from this
function.
Parameters
Int index: The amplifier index.
char* name: A user allocated array of characters for storage of the description.
int len: The length of the user allocated character array.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Description returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_P1INVALID
The amplifier index is not valid.
DRV_P2INVALID
The desc pointer is null.
DRV_P3INVALID
The len parameter is invalid (less than 1)
GetNumberAmp
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FUNCTIONS
GetAmpMaxSpeed
unsigned int WINAPI GetAmpMaxSpeed (int index , float* speed)
Description
This function will return the maximum available horizontal shift speed for the amplifier
selected by the index parameter.
Parameters
Int index:amplifier index
float* speed:horizontal shift speed
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Speed returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_P1INVALID
The amplifier index is not valid
GetNumberAmp
GetAvailableCameras
unsigned int WINAPI GetAvailableCameras(long* totalCameras)
Description
This function returns the total number of Andor cameras currently installed. It is possible
to call this function before any of the cameras are initialized.
Parameters
long* totalCameras: the number of cameras currently installed
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Number of available cameras returned.
DRV_GENERAL_ERRORS
An error occurred while obtaining the number of
available cameras.
See also
SetCurrentCamera, GetCurrentCamera, GetCameraHandle
GetBackground
unsigned int WINAPI GetBackground (at_32* arr, unsigned long size)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
SDK
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FUNCTIONS
GetBaselineClamp
unsigned int WINAPI GetBaselineClamp(int* state)
Description
This function returns the status of the baseline clamp functionality. With this feature
enabled the baseline level of each scan in a kinetic series will be more consistent across
the sequence.
Parameters
int * state: Baseline clamp functionality Enabled/Disabled
1 – Baseline Clamp Enabled
0 – Baseline Clamp Disabled
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Parameters set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_NOT_SUPPORTED
Baseline Clamp not supported on this camera
DRV_P1INVALID
State parameter was not zero or one.
SetBaselineClamp, SetBaselineOffset
GetBitDepth
unsigned int WINAPI GetBitDepth(int channel, int* depth)
Description
This function will retrieve the size in bits of the dynamic range for any available AD
channel.
Parameters
int channel: the AD channel.
int* depth: dynamic range in bits
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Depth returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid channel
GetNumberADChannels, SetADChannel
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FUNCTIONS
GetCameraEventStatus
unsigned int WINAPI GetCameraEventStatus (DWORD * camStatus)
Description
This function will return if the system is exposing or not.
Parameters
DWORD * camStatus: The status of the firepulse will be returned that the firepulse is low
0 Fire pulse low
1 Fire pulse high
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Status returned
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized
See also
SetAcqStatusEvent, SetPCIMode
NOTE
This is only supported by the CCI23 card.
GetCameraHandle
unsigned int WINAPI GetCameraHandle(long cameraIndex, long* cameraHandle)
Description
This function returns the handle for the camera specified by cameraIndex. When multiple
Andor cameras are installed the handle of each camera must be retrieved in order to
select a camera using the SetCurrentCamera function.
The number of cameras can be obtained using the GetAvailableCameras function.
Parameters
long cameraIndex: index of any of the installed cameras.
Valid values
0 to NumberCameras-1 where NumberCameras is the value
returned by the GetAvailableCameras function.
long* cameraHandle: handle of the camera.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Camera handle returned.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid camera index.
SetCurrentCamera, GetAvailableCameras, GetCurrentCamera
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FUNCTIONS
GetCameraInformation
unsigned int WINAPI GetCameraInformation (int index, long * information)
Description
This function will return information on a particular camera denoted by the index.
Parameters
Int index: (reserved)
Long* information: current state of camera
Bit:1 1 - USB camera present
Bit:2 1 - All dlls loaded properly
Bit:3 1 - Camera Initialized correctly
Return
See also
NOTE
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Driver status return
DRV_VXDNOTINSTALLED
Driver not installed
DRV_USBERROR
USB device error
GetCameraHandle, GetHeadModel, GetCameraSerialNumber, GetCapabilities
Only available in iDus. The index parameter is not used at present so should be
set to 0. For any camera except the iDus The value of information following a call
to this function will be zero.
GetCameraSerialNumber
unsigned int WINAPI GetCameraSerialNumber (int* number)
Description
This function will retrieve camera’s serial number.
Parameters
int *number: Serial Number.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Serial Number returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
GetCameraHandle, GetHeadModel, GetCameraInformation, GetCapabilities
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FUNCTIONS
GetCapabilities
unsigned int WINAPI GetCapabilities(AndorCapabilities* caps)
Description
This function will fill in an AndorCapabilities structure with the capabilities associated with
the connected camera. Before passing the address of an AndorCapabilites structure to the
function the ulSize member of the structure should be set to the size of the structure. In
C++ this can be done with the line:
caps->ulSize = sizeof(AndorCapabilities);
Individual capabilities are determined by examining certain bits and combinations of bits in
the member variables of the AndorCapabilites structure. The next few pages contain a
summary of the capabilities currently returned.
Parameters
Andor
capabilities*
caps:
the
capabilities structure to be filled in.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized
DRV_SUCCESS
Capabilities returned.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid caps parameter (i.e. NULL).
GetCameraHandle, GetCameraSerialNumber, GetHeadModel, GetCameraInformation
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FUNCTIONS
GetCapabilities (Acquisition Modes)
Acquisition Modes - AndorCapabilities Member: ulAcqModes
Capability: AC_ACQMODE_SINGLE
Description: Single Scan Acquisition Mode available using SetAcquisitionMode.
Bit: 0
State: 1
Capability: AC_ACQMODE_VIDEO
Description: Video (Run Till Abort) Acquisition Mode available using SetAcquisitionMode.
Bit: 1
State: 1
Capability: AC_ACQMODE_ACCUMULATE
Description: Accumulation Acquisition Mode available using SetAcquisitionMode.
Bit: 2
State: 1
Capability: AC_ACQMODE_KINETIC
Description: Kinetic Series Acquisition Mode available using SetAcquisitionMode.
Bit: 3
State: 1
Capability: AC_ACQMODE_FRAMETRANSFER
Description: Frame Transfer Acquisition Mode available using SetAcquisitionMode.
Bit: 4
State: 1
Capability: AC_ACQMODE_FASTKINETICS
Description: Fast Kinetics Acquisition Mode available using SetAcquisitionMode.
Bit: 5
State: 1
Capability: AC_ACQMODE_OVERLAP
Description: Overlap Acquisition Mode available using SetAcquisitionMode.
Bit: 6
State: 1
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FUNCTIONS
GetCapabilities (Read Modes)
Read Modes - AndorCapabilities Member: ulReadModes
Capability: AC_READMODE_FULLIMAGE
Description: Full Image Read Mode available using SetReadMode.
Bit: 0
State: 1
Capability: AC_READMODE_SUBIMAGE
Description: Sub Image Read Mode available using SetReadMode.
Bit: 1
State: 1
Capability: AC_READMODE_SINGLETRACK
Description: Single track Read Mode available using SetReadMode.
Bit: 2
State: 1
Capability: AC_READMODE_FVB
Description: Full Vertical Binning Read Mode available using SetReadMode.
Bit: 3
State: 1
Capability: AC_READMODE_MULTITRACK
Description: Multi Track Read Mode available using SetReadMode.
Bit: 4
State: 1
Capability: AC_READMODE_RANDOMTRACK
Description: Random-Track Read Mode available using SetReadMode.
Bit: 5
State: 1
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FUNCTIONS
GetCapabilities (Read Modes compatible with Frame Transfer mode)
Read Modes - AndorCapabilities Member: ulFTReadModes
Capability: AC_READMODE_FULLIMAGE
Description: Full Image Read Mode available using SetReadMode.
Bit: 0
State: 1
Capability: AC_READMODE_SUBIMAGE
Description: Sub Image Read Mode available using SetReadMode.
Bit: 1
State: 1
Capability: AC_READMODE_SINGLETRACK
Description: Single track Read Mode available using SetReadMode.
Bit: 2
State: 1
Capability: AC_READMODE_FVB
Description: Full Vertical Binning Read Mode available using SetReadMode.
Bit: 3
State: 1
Capability: AC_READMODE_MULTITRACK
Description: Multi Track Read Mode available using SetReadMode.
Bit: 4
State: 1
Capability: AC_READMODE_RANDOMTRACK
Description: Random-Track Read Mode available using SetReadMode.
Bit: 5
State: 1
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FUNCTIONS
GetCapabilities (Trigger Modes)
Trigger Modes - AndorCapabilities Member: ulTriggerModes
Capability: AC_TRIGGERMODE_INTERNAL
Description: Internal Trigger Mode available using SetTriggerMode.
Bit: 0
State: 1
Capability: AC_TRIGGERMODE_EXTERNAL
Description: External Trigger Mode available using SetTriggerMode.
Bit: 1
State: 1
Capability: AC_TRIGGERMODE_EXTERNAL_FVB_EM
Description: External FVB EM Trigger Mode available using SetTriggerMode.
Bit: 2
State: 1
Capability: AC_TRIGGERMODE_CONTINUOUS
Description: Continuous Trigger Mode available using SetTriggerMode.
Bit: 3
State: 1
Capability: AC_TRIGGERMODE_EXTERNALSTART
Description: External Start Trigger Mode available using SetTriggerMode.
Bit: 4
State: 1
Capability: AC_TRIGGERMODE_BULB
Description: Bulb Trigger Mode available using SetTriggerMode.
Bit: 5
State: 1
Note: This capability is deprecated by AC_TRIGGERMODE_EXTERNALEXPOSURE.
Capability: AC_TRIGGERMODE_EXTERNALEXPOSURE
Description: External Exposure Trigger Mode available using SetTriggerMode.
Bit: 5
State: 1
Capability: AC_TRIGGERMODE_INVERTED
Description: Inverted Trigger Mode available using SetTriggerInvert.
Bit: 6
State: 1
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FUNCTIONS
GetCapabilities (Camera Type)
Camera Type - AndorCapabilities Member: ulCameraType
Capability: AC_CAMERATYPE_PDA
Description: Camera is an Andor PDA.
Bits: 0-31
Value: 0
Capability: AC_CAMERATYPE_IXON
Description: Camera is an Andor iXon.
Bits: 0-31
Value: 1
Capability: AC_CAMERATYPE_ICCD
Description: Camera is an Andor ICCD.
Bits: 0-31
Value: 2
Capability: AC_CAMERATYPE_EMCCD
Description: Camera is an Andor EMCCD.
Bits: 0-31
Value: 3
Capability: AC_CAMERATYPE_CCD
Description: Camera is an Andor CCD.
Bits: 0-31
Value: 4
Capability: AC_CAMERATYPE_ISTAR
Description: Camera is an Andor iStar.
Bits: 0-31
Value: 5
Capability: AC_CAMERATYPE_VIDEO
Description: Camera is a third party camera.
Bits: 0-31
Value: 6
SDK
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FUNCTIONS
GetCapabilities (Camera Type) - continued
Capability: AC_CAMERATYPE_IDUS
Description: Camera is an Andor iDus.
Bits: 0-31
Value: 7
Capability: AC_CAMERATYPE_NEWTON
Description: Camera is an Andor Newton.
Bits: 0-31
Value: 8
Capability: AC_CAMERATYPE_SURCAM
Description: Camera is an Andor Surcam.
Bits: 0-31
Value: 9
Capability: AC_CAMERATYPE_USBISTAR
Description: Camera is an Andor USBiStar.
Bits: 0-31
Value: 10
Capability: AC_CAMERATYPE_LUCA
Description: Camera is an Andor Luca.
Bits: 0-31
Value: 11
Capability: AC_CAMERATYPE_RESERVED
Description: Reserved.
Bits: 0-31
Value: 12
Capability: AC_CAMERATYPE_IKON
Description: Camera is an Andor iKon.
Bits: 0-31
Value: 13
Capability: AC_CAMERATYPE_INGAAS
Description: Camera is an Andor InGaAs.
Bits: 0-31
Value: 14
Capability: AC_CAMERATYPE_IVAC
Description: Camera is an Andor iVac.
Bits: 0-31
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FUNCTIONS
Value: 15
Capability: AC_CAMERATYPE_CLARA
Description: Camera is an Andor Clara.
Bits: 0-31
Value: 17
All other values reserved.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 114
FUNCTIONS
GetCapabilities (Pixel Mode)
Pixel Mode - AndorCapabilities Member: ulPixelModes
Capability: AC_PIXELMODE_8BIT
Description: Camera can acquire in 8-bit mode.
Bit: 0
State: 1
Capability: AC_PIXELMODE_14BIT
Description: Camera can acquire in 14-bit mode.
Bit: 1
State: 1
Capability: AC_PIXELMODE_16BIT
Description: Camera can acquire in 16-bit mode.
Bit: 2
State: 1
Capability: AC_PIXELMODE_32BIT
Description: Camera can acquire in 32-bit mode.
Bit: 3
State: 1
Capability: AC_PIXELMODE_MONO
Description: Camera acquires data in grey scale.
Bits: 16-31
Value: 0
Capability: AC_PIXELMODE_RGB
Description: Camera acquires data in RGB mode.
Bits: 16-31
Value: 1
Capability: AC_PIXELMODE_CMY
Description: Camera acquires data in CMY mode.
Bits: 16-31
Value: 2
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FUNCTIONS
GetCapabilities (Available Set Functions)
Available Set Functions - AndorCapabilities Member: ulSetFunctions
Capability: AC_SETFUNCTION_VREADOUT
Description: The vertical readout speed can be set with the SetVSSpeed function.
Bit: 0
State: 1
Capability: AC_SETFUNCTION_HREADOUT
Description: The horizontal readout speed can be set with the SetHSSpeed function.
Bit: 1
State: 1
Capability: AC_SETFUNCTION_TEMPERATURE
Description: The target temperature can be set using the SetTemperature function.
Bit: 2
State: 1
Capability: AC_SETFUNCTION_MCPGAIN (AC_SETFUNCTION_GAIN Deprecated)
Description: Gain through the SetMCPGain function is available.
Bit: 3
State: 1
Capability: AC_SETFUNCTION_EMCCDGAIN
Description: Gain through the SetEMCCDGain function is available.
Bit: 4
State: 1
Capability: AC_SETFUNCTION_BASELINECLAMP
Description: Baseline clamp can be turned on or off with the SetBaselineClamp function.
Bit: 5
State: 1
Capability: AC_SETFUNCTION_VSAMPLITUDE
Description: The vertical clock voltage can be set with the SetVSAmplitude function.
Bit: 6
State: 1
Capability: AC_SETFUNCTION_HIGHCAPACITY
Description: High capacity mode can be turned on or off with the SetHighCapacity function.
Bit: 7
State: 1
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FUNCTIONS
GetCapabilities (Available Set Functions) - Continued
Capability: AC_SETFUNCTION_BASELINEOFFSET
Description: The baseline offset can be set with the SetBaselineOffset function.
Bit: 8
State: 1
Capability: AC_SETFUNCTION_PREAMPGAIN
Description: The pre amp gain can be set with the SetPreAmpGain function.
Bit: 9
State: 1
Capability: AC_SETFUNCTION_CROPMODE
Description: Crop mode can be selected using the SetCropMode or SetIsolatedCropMode functions.
Bit: 10
State: 1
Capability: AC_SETFUNCTION_DMAPARAMETERS
Description: The DMA parameters can be set with the SetDMAParameters function.
Bit: 11
State: 1
Capability: AC_SETFUNCTION_HORIZONTALBIN
Description: The horizontal binning can be set for the relative read mode.
Bit: 12
State: 1
See Note.
Capability: AC_SETFUNCTION_MULTITRACKHRANGE
Description: The multitrack horizontal range can be set using the SetMultiTrackHRange function.
Bit: 13
State: 1
Capability: AC_SETFUNCTION_RANDOMTRACKNOGAPS
Description: Random tracks can be set with no gaps inbetween with the SetRandomTracks or
SetComplexImage functions.
Bit: 14
State: 1
NOTE: For iDus, the horizontalbin capability will be 0, as it is not recommended, but it is possible.
Capability: AC_SETFUNCTION_EMADVANCED
Description: Extended EM gain range can be accessed using SetEMAdvanced.
Bit: 15
State: 1
SDK
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FUNCTIONS
GetCapabilities (Available Get Functions)
Available Get Functions - AndorCapabilities Member: ulGetFunctions
Capability: AC_GETFUNCTION_TEMPERATURE
Description: The current temperature can be determined using the GetTemperature function.
Bit: 0
State: 1
Capability: AC_GETFUNCTION_TEMPERATURERANGE
Description: The range of possible temperatures can be determined using the GetTemperatureRange
function.
Bit: 2
State: 1
Capability: AC_GETFUNCTION_DETECTORSIZE
Description: The dimensions of the detector can be determined using the GetDetector function.
Bit: 3
State: 1
Capability: AC_GETFUNCTION_MCPGAIN (AC_GETFUNCTION_GAIN deprecated)
Description: Reserved capability.
Bit: 4
State: 1
Capability: AC_GETFUNCTION_EMCCDGAIN
Description: The gain can be determined using the GetEMCCDGain function.
Bit: 5
State: 1
Capability: AC_GETFUNCTION_BASELINECLAMP
Description: The gain can be determined using the GetBaselineClamp function.
Bit: 15
State: 1
SDK
SECTION 11
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FUNCTIONS
GetCapabilities (SDK Features Available)
SDK Features Available - AndorCapabilities Member: ulFeatures
Capability: AC_FEATURES_POLLING
Description: The status of the current acquisition can be determined through the GetStatus function call.
Bit: 0
State: 1
Capability: AC_FEATURES_EVENTS
Description: A Windows Event can be passed to the SDK to alert the user at certain stages of the
Acquisition. See SetDriverEvent
Bit: 1
State: 1
Capability: AC_FEATURES_SPOOLING
Description: Acquisition Data can be made to spool to disk using the SetSpool function.
Bit: 2
State: 1
Capability: AC_FEATURES_SHUTTER
Description: Shutter settings can be adjusted through the SetShutter function.
Bit: 3
State: 1
Capability: AC_FEATURES_SHUTTEREX
Description: Shutter settings can be adjusted through the SetShutterEx function.
Bit: 4
State: 1
Capability: AC_FEATURES_EXTERNAL_I2C
Description: The camera has its own dedicated external I2C bus.
Bit: 5
State: 1
Capability: AC_FEATURES_SATURATIONEVENT
Description: Sensor saturation can be determined through the SetSaturationEvent function.
Bit: 6
State: 1
SDK
SECTION 11
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FUNCTIONS
GetCapabilities (SDK Features Available) - Continued
Capability: AC_FEATURES_FANCONTROL
Description: Fan settings can be adjusted through the SetFanMode function.
Bit: 7
State: 1
Capability: AC_FEATURES_MIDFANCONTROL
Description: It is possible to select a low fan setting through the SetFanMode function.
Bit: 8
State: 1
Capability: AC_FEATURES_TEMPERATUREDURINGACQUISITION
Description: It is possible to read the camera temperature during an acquisition with the GetTemperature
function.
Bit: 9
State: 1
Capability: AC_FEATURES_KEEPCLEANCONTROL
Description: It is possible to turn off keep cleans between scans.
Bit: 10
State: 1
Capability: AC_FEATURES_DDGLITE
Description: Reserved for internal use.
Bit: 11
State: 1
Capability: AC_FEATURES_FTEXTERNALEXPOSURE
Description: The combination of Frame Transfer and External Exposure modes is available.
Bit: 12
State: 1
Capability: AC_FEATURES_KINETICEXTERNALEXPOSURE
Description: External Exposure trigger mode is available in Kinetic acquisition mode.
Bit: 13
State: 1
Capability: AC_FEATURES_DACCONTROL
Description: Reserved for internal use.
Bit: 14
State: 1
SDK
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FUNCTIONS
Capability: AC_FEATURES_METADATA
Description: Reserved for internal use.
Bit: 15
State: 1
Capability: AC_FEATURES_IOCONTROL
Description: Configurable IO’s available. See SetIOLevel.
Bit: 16
State: 1
Capability: AC_FEATURES_PHOTONCOUNTING
Description: System supports photon counting. See SetPhotonCounting .
Bit: 17
State: 1
Capability: AC_FEATURES_COUNTCONVERT
Description: System supports Count Convert.
Bit: 18
State: 1
Capability: AC_FEATURES_DUALMODE
Description: Dual exposure mode. See SetDualExposureMode.
Bit: 19
State: 1
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 121
FUNCTIONS
GetCapabilities (PCI Card Capabilities)
PCI Card Capabilities - AndorCapabilities Member: ulPCICard
Description: Maximum speed in Hz PCI controller card is capable of.
GetCapabilities (Gain Features Available)
Gain Features Available - AndorCapabilities Member: ulEMGainCapability
Capability: AC_EMGAIN_8BIT
Description:.8-bit DAC settable.
Bit: 0
State: 1
Capability: AC_EMGAIN_12BIT
Description:.12-bit DAC settable
Bit: 1
State: 1
Capability: AC_EMGAIN_LINEAR12
Description:.Gain setting represent a linear gain scale. 12-bit DAC used internally.
Bit: 2
State: 1
Capability: AC_EMGAIN_REAL12
Description:.Gain setting represents the real EM Gain value. 12-bit DAC used internally.
Bit: 3
State: 1
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 122
FUNCTIONS
GetControllerCardModel
unsigned int WINAPI GetControllerCardModel (char* controllerCardModel)
Description
This function will retrieve the type of PCI controller card included in your system. This
function is not applicable for USB systems. The maximum number of characters that can be
returned from this function is 10.
Parameters
char* controllerCardModel: A user allocated array of characters for storage of the controller
card model.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Name returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized
GetHeadModel, GetCameraSerialNumber, GetCameraInformation, GetCapabilities
GetCountConvertWavelengthRange
unsigned int WINAPI GetCountConvertWavelengthRange(float* min_wave, float* max_wave)
Description
This function returns the valid wavelength range available in Count Convert mode.
Parameters
float* min_wave: minimum wavelength permited.
float* max_wave: maximum wavelength permited.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Count Convert wavelength set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_NOT_SUPPORTED
Count Convert not supported on this camera
GetCapabilities, SetCountConvertMode, SetCountConvertWavelength
GetCurrentCamera
unsigned int WINAPI GetCurrentCamera(long* cameraHandle)
Description
When multiple Andor cameras are installed this function returns the handle of the
currently selected one.
Parameters
long* cameraHandle: handle of the currently selected camera
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
See also
Camera handle returned.
SetCurrentCamera, GetAvailableCameras, GetCameraHandle
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 123
FUNCTIONS
GetDDGPulse
unsigned int WINAPI GetDDGPulse(double width, double resolution, double* Delay, double* Width)
Description
This function attempts to find a laser pulse in a user-defined region with a given resolution.
The values returned will provide an estimation of the location of the pulse.
Parameters
double width: the time in picoseconds of the region to be searched.
double resolution: the minimum gate pulse used to locate the laser.
double* Delay: the approximate start of the laser pulse.
double* Width: the pulse width, which encapsulated the laser pulse.
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Location returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
NOTE: Available in iStar.
SDK
SECTION 11
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FUNCTIONS
GetDDGIOCFrequency
unsigned int WINAPI GetDDGIOCFrequency(double*frequency)
Description
This function can be used to return the actual IOC frequency that will be triggered. It should
only be called once all the conditions of the experiment have been defined.
Parameters
Return
See also
double*frequency: the number of integrate on chip pulses triggered within the fire pulse.
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Number returned
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card
SetDDGIOCFrequency SetDDGIOCNumber GetDDGIOCNumber GetDDGIOCPulses
SetDDGIOC
NOTE: Available in iStar.
GetDDGIOCNumber
unsigned int WINAPI GetDDGIOCNumber(unsigned long* numberPulses)
Description
This function can be used to return the actual number of pulses that will be triggered. It
should only be called once all the conditions of the experiment have been defined.
Parameters
unsigned long* numberPulses: the number of integrate on chip pulses triggered within
the fire pulse.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Number returned
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card
SetDDGIOCFrequency GetDDGIOCFrequency SetDDGIOCNumber GetDDGIOCPulses
SetDDGIOC
NOTE: Available in iStar.
SDK
SECTION 11
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FUNCTIONS
GetDDGIOCPulses
unsigned int WINAPI GetDDGIOCPulses(int* pulses)
Description
This function can be used to calculate the number of pulses that will be triggered with the
given exposure time, readout mode, acquisition mode and integrate on chip frequency. It
should only be called once all the conditions of the experiment have been defined.
Parameters
int* pulses: the number of integrate on chip pulses triggered within the fire pulse.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Number returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
SetDDGIOCFrequency GetDDGIOCFrequency SetDDGIOCNumber
GetDDGIOCNumber SetDDGIOC
NOTE: Available in iStar.
SDK
SECTION 11
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FUNCTIONS
GetDetector
unsigned int WINAPI GetDetector(int* xpixels, int* ypixels)
Description
This function returns the size of the detector in pixels. The horizontal axis is taken to be
the axis parallel to the readout register.
Parameters
int* xpixels: number of horizontal pixels.
int* ypixels: number of vertical pixels.
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Detector size returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
GetDICameraInfo
unsigned int WINAPI GetDICameraInfo (void *info)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
GetDualExposureTimes
unsigned int WINAPI GetDualExposureTimes(float* exposure1, float* exposure2)
Description
This function will return the current “valid” acquisition timing information for dual exposure
mode. This mode is only available for certain sensors in run till abort mode, external
trigger, full image.
Parameters
float* exposure1: valid exposure time in seconds for each odd numbered frame.
float* exposure2: valid exposure time in seconds for each even numbered frame.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Parameters set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized. .
DRV_NOT_SUPPORTED
Dual exposure mode not supported on this camera.
DRV_NOT_AVAILABLE
Dual exposure mode not configured correctly.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
exposure1 has invalid memory address.
DRV_P2INVALID
exposure2 has invalid memory address.
GetCapabilities, SetDualExposureMode, SetDualExposureTimes
SDK
SECTION 11
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FUNCTIONS
GetEMCCDGain
unsigned int WINAPI GetEMCCDGain(int* gain)
Description
Returns the current gain setting. The meaning of the value returned depends on the EM
Gain mode.
Parameters
Int*gain: current EM gain setting
Return
DRV_SUCCESS
Gain returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
GetEMGainRange
unsigned int WINAPI GetEMGainRange(int* low, int* high)
Description
Returns the minimum and maximum values of the current selected EM Gain mode and
temperature of the sensor.
Parameters
int* low: lowest gain setting
int* high: highest gain setting
Return
DRV_SUCCESS
Gain range returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 128
FUNCTIONS
GetFastestRecommendedVSSpeed
unsigned int WINAPI GetFastestRecommendedVSSpeed (int* index, float* speed)
Description
As your Andor SDK system may be capable of operating at more than one vertical shift
speed this function will return the fastest recommended speed available. The very high
readout speeds, may require an increase in the amplitude of the Vertical Clock Voltage
using SetVSAmplitude. This function returns the fastest speed which does not require the
Vertical Clock Voltage to be adjusted. The values returned are the vertical shift speed
index and the actual speed in microseconds per pixel shift.
Parameters
Int* index: index of the fastest recommended vertical shift speed
float* speed: speed in microseconds per pixel shift.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Speed returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
GetVSSpeed, GetNumberVSSpeeds, SetVSSpeed
GetFIFOUsage
unsigned int WINAPI GetFIFOUsage (int* FIFOusage)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
GetFilterMode
unsigned int WINAPI GetFilterMode(int* mode)
Description
This function returns the current state of the cosmic ray filtering mode.
Parameters
int* mode: current state of filter
Return
See also
0
OFF
2
ON
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Filter mode returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
SetFilterMode
SDK
SECTION 11
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FUNCTIONS
GetFKExposureTime
unsigned int WINAPI GetFKExposureTime(float* time)
Description
This function will return the current “valid” exposure time for a fast kinetics acquisition. This
function should be used after all the acquisitions settings have been set, i.e.
SetFastKinetics and SetFKVShiftSpeed. The value returned is the actual time used in
subsequent acquisitions.
Parameters
float* time: valid exposure time in seconds
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Timing information returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_INVALID_MODE
Fast kinetics is not available.
SetFastKinetics, SetFKVShiftSpeed
GetFKVShiftSpeed
unsigned int WINAPI GetFKVShiftSpeed(int index, int* speed)
Description
Deprecated see Note:
As your Andor SDK system is capable of operating at more than one fast kinetics vertical
shift speed this function will return the actual speeds available. The value returned is in
microseconds per pixel shift.
Parameters
int index: speed required
Valid values
0 to GetNumberFKVShiftSpeeds()-1
int* speed: speed in micro-seconds per pixel shift
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Speed returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid index.
GetNumberFKVShiftSpeeds, SetFKVShiftSpeed
NOTE: Deprecated by GetFKVShiftSpeedF
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 130
FUNCTIONS
GetFKVShiftSpeedF
unsigned int WINAPI GetFKVShiftSpeedF(int index, float* speed)
Description
As your Andor system is capable of operating at more than one fast kinetics vertical shift
speed this function will return the actual speeds available. The value returned is in
microseconds per pixel shift.
Parameters
int index: speed required
Valid values: 0 to GetNumberFKVShiftSpeeds()-1
float* speed: speed in micro-seconds per pixel shift
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Speed returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid index.
GetNumberFKVShiftSpeeds, SetFKVShiftSpeed
NOTE: Only available if camera is Classic or iStar.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 131
FUNCTIONS
GetHardwareVersion
unsigned int WINAPI GetHardwareVersion(unsigned int* PCB, unsigned int* Decode, unsigned int*
dummy1,
unsigned
int*
dummy2,
unsigned
int*
CameraFirmwareVersion,
unsigned
int*
CameraFirmwareBuild)
Description
This function returns the Hardware version information.
Parameters
Unsigned int* PCB: Plug-in card version
unsigned int* Decode: Flex 10K file version
unsigned int* dummy1
unsigned int* dummy2
unsigned int* CameraFirmwareVersion: Version number of camera firmware
unsigned int* CameraFirmwareBuild: Build number of camera firmware
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Version information returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
GetHeadModel
unsigned int WINAPI GetHeadModel(char* name)
Description
This function will retrieve the type of CCD attached to your system.
Parameters
char* name: A user allocated array of characters for storage of the Head Model. This
should be declared as size MAX_PATH.
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Name returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
SDK
SECTION 11
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FUNCTIONS
GetHorizontalSpeed
unsigned int WINAPI GetHorizontalSpeed(int index, int* speed)
Description
Deprecated see Note:
As your Andor system is capable of operating at more than one horizontal shift speed this
function will return the actual speeds available. The value returned is in microseconds per
pixel shift.
Parameters
int index: speed required
Valid values: 0 to NumberSpeeds-1, where NumberSpeeds is the parameter
returned by GetNumberHorizontalSpeeds.
int* speed: speed in micro-seconds per pixel shift
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Speed returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid index.
GetNumberHorizontalSpeeds, SetHorizontalSpeed
NOTE: Deprecated by GetHSSpeed
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 133
FUNCTIONS
GetHSSpeed
unsigned int WINAPI GetHSSpeed(int channel, int typ, int index, float* speed)
Description
As your Andor system is capable of operating at more than one horizontal shift speed this
function will return the actual speeds available. The value returned is in MHz.
Parameters
int channel: the AD channel.
int typ: output amplification.
Valid values: 0
1
electron multiplication/Conventional(clara).
conventional/Extended NIR Mode(clara).
int index: speed required
Valid values
0 to NumberSpeeds-1 where NumberSpeeds is value returned in first
parameter after a call to GetNumberHSSpeeds().
float* speed: speed in in MHz.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Speed returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid channel.
DRV_P2INVALID
Invalid horizontal read mode
DRV_P3INVALID
Invalid index
GetNumberHSSpeeds, SetHSSpeed
NOTE: The speed is returned in microseconds per pixel shift for iStar and Classic systems.
GetHVflag
unsigned int WINAPI GetHVflag (int* bFlag)
Description
This function will retrieve the High Voltage flag from your USB iStar intensifier. A 0 value
indicates that the high voltage is abnormal.
Parameters
int* bFlag: pointer to High Voltage flag.
Return
unsigned int
NOTE
DRV_SUCCESS
HV flag returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_NOT_AVAILABLE
Not a USB iStar.
Available only on USB iStar.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 134
FUNCTIONS
GetID
unsigned int WINAPI GetID (int devNum, int* id)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
GetImageFlip
unsigned int WINAPI GetImageFlip(int* iHFlip, int* iVFlip)
Description
This function will obtain whether the acquired data output is flipped in either the horizontal
or vertical direction.
Parameters
int* iHFlip: Gets horizontal flipping.
int* iVFlip: Gets vertical flipping.
1 – Flipping Enabled
0 – Flipping Disabled
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
All parameters accepted.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_P1INVALID
HFlip parameter invalid.
DRV_P2INVALID
VFlip parameter invalid
SetImageRotate SetImageFlip
GetImageRotate
unsigned int WINAPI GetImageRotate(int* iRotate)
Description
This function will obtain whether the acquired data output is rotated in any direction.
Parameters
int* iRotate: Rotation setting
0 - No rotation
1 - Rotate 90 degrees clockwise
2 - Rotate 90 degrees anti-clockwise
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
All parameters accepted.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_P1INVALID
Rotate parameter invalid.
SetImageFlip SetImageRotate
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 135
FUNCTIONS
GetImages
unsigned int WINAPI GetImages(long first, long last, at_32* arr, unsigned long size, long* validfirst,
long* validlast)
Description
This function will update the data array with the specified series of images from the
circular buffer. If the specified series is out of range (i.e. the images have been
overwritten or have not yet been acquired then an error will be returned.
Parameters
long first: index of first image in buffer to retrieve.
long last: index of last image in buffer to retrieve.
at_32* arr: pointer to data storage allocated by the user.
unsigned long size: total number of pixels.
long* validfirst: index of the first valid image.
long* validlast: index of the last valid image.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Images have been copied into array.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_GENERAL_ERRORS
The series is out of range.
DRV_P3INVALID
Invalid pointer (i.e. NULL).
DRV_P4INVALID
Array size is incorrect.
DRV_NO_NEW_DATA
There is no new data yet.
GetImages16, GetNumberNewImages
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 136
FUNCTIONS
GetImages16
unsigned int WINAPI GetImages16(long first, long last, WORD* arr, unsigned long size, long*
validfirst, long* validlast)
Description
16-bit version of the GetImages function.
Parameters
long first: index of first image in buffer to retrieve.
long last: index of last image in buffer to retrieve.
WORD* arr: pointer to data storage allocated by the user.
unsigned long size: total number of pixels.
long* validfirst: index of the first valid image.
long* validlast: index of the last valid image.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Images have been copied into array.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_GENERAL_ERRORS
The series is out of range.
DRV_P3INVALID
Invalid pointer (i.e. NULL).
DRV_P4INVALID
Array size is incorrect.
DRV_NO_NEW_DATA
There is no new data yet.
GetImages, GetNumberNewImages
GetImagesPerDMA
unsigned int WINAPI GetImagesPerDMA (unsigned long* images)
Description
This function will return the maximum number of images that can be transferred during a
single DMA transaction.
Parameters
unsigned long* images:
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
GetIRQ
unsigned int WINAPI GetIRQ (int* IRQ)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 137
FUNCTIONS
GetKeepCleanTime
unsigned int WINAPI GetKeepCleanTime(float* KeepCleanTime)
Description
This function will return the time to perform a keep clean cycle. This function should be
used after all the acquisitions settings have been set, e.g. SetExposureTime,
SetKineticCycleTime and SetReadMode etc. The value returned is the actual times used
in subsequent acquisitions.
Parameters
float* KeepCleanTime: valid readout time in seconds
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Timing information returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ERROR_CODES
Error communicating with camera.
See also
GetAcquisitionTimings GetReadOutTime
NOTES
NOTE: Available on iDus, iXon, Luca & Newton.
GetMaximumBinning
unsigned int WINAPI GetMaximumBinning (int ReadMode, int HorzVert, int* MaxBinning)
Description
This function will return the maximum binning allowable in either the vertical or horizontal
dimension for a particular readout mode.
Parameters
int ReadMode: The readout mode for which to retrieve the maximum binning (see
SetReadMode for possible values).
int HorzVert: 0 to retrieve horizontal binning limit, 1 to retreive limit in the vertical.
int* MaxBinning: Will contain the Maximum binning value on return.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Maximum Binning returned
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid Readmode
DRV_P2INVALID
HorzVert not equal to 0 or 1
DRV_P3INVALID
Invalid MaxBinning address (i.e. NULL)
GetMinimumImageLength, SetReadMode
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 138
FUNCTIONS
GetMaximumExposure
unsigned int WINAPI GetMaximumExposure (float* MaxExp)
Description
This function will return the maximum Exposure Time in seconds that is settable by the
SetExposureTime function.
Parameters
Float int* MaxExp: Will contain the Maximum exposure value on return.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Maximum Exposure returned.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid MaxExp value (i.e. NULL)
SetExposureTime
GetMCPGain
unsigned int WINAPI GetMCPGain (int* pi_gain)
Description
This function will retrieve the set value for the MCP Gain.
Parameters
int* pi_gain: Returned gain value.
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Table returned
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid pointer (i.e. NULL)
DRV_NOT_AVAILABLE
Not a USB iStar
See also
SetMCPGain
NOTE
Available only on USB iStar.
This function previously returned a table of MCP gain values against
photoelectrons per count. This is now retrieved using GetMCPGainTable.
GetMCPGainRange
unsigned int WINAPI GetMCPGainRange(int* iLow, int* iHigh)
Description
Returns the minimum and maximum values of the SetMCPGain function.
Parameters
int* iLow: lowest gain setting
int* iHigh: highest gain setting
Return
DRV_SUCCESS
Gain range returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
See also
SetMCPGain
NOTE
Available only iStar.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 139
FUNCTIONS
GetMCPVoltage
unsigned int WINAPI GetMCPVoltage (int* iVoltage)
Description
This function will retrieve the current Micro Channel Plate voltage.
Parameters
int* iVoltage: Will contain voltage on return. The unit is in Volts and should be between
the range 600 – 1100 Volts.
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Voltage returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_NOT_AVAILABLE
Not a USB iStar.
DRV_GENERAL_ERRORS
EEPROM not valid
See also
GetMCPGain
NOTE
Available only on USB iStar.
GetMetaDataInfo
unsigned int WINAPI GetMetaDataInfo(SYSTEMTIME* TimeOfStart ,float *TimeFromStart, int index)
Description
This function will return the time of the initial frame and the time in milliseconds of further
frames from this point.
Parameters
SYSTEMTIME* TimeOfStart: Structure with start time details.
float *TimeFromStart: time in milliseconds for a particular frame from time of start.
int index: frame for which time is required.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Timings returned
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized
DRV_MSTIMINGS_ERROR
Invalid timing request
SetMetaData
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 140
FUNCTIONS
GetMinimumImageLength
unsigned int WINAPI GetMinimumImageLength (int* MinImageLength)
Description
This function will return the minimum number of pixels that can be read out from the chip
at each exposure. This minimum value arises due the way in which the chip is read out
and will limit the possible sub image dimensions and binning sizes that can be applied.
Parameters
int* MinImageLength: Will contain the minimum number of super pixels on return.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Minimum Number of Pixels returned
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid MinImageLength value (i.e. NULL)
SetImage
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 141
FUNCTIONS
GetMostRecentColorImage16
unsigned int WINAPI GetMostRecentColorImage16 (unsigned long size, int algorithm, WORD* red,
WORD* green, WORD* blue)
Description
For colour sensors only.
Color version of the GetMostRecentImage16 function. The CCD is sensitive to Cyan,
Yellow, Magenta and Green (CYMG). The Red, Green and Blue (RGB) are calculated
and Data is stored in 3 planes/images, one for each basic color.
Parameters
unsigned long size: total number of pixels.
int algorithm: algorithm used to extract the RGB from the original CYMG CCD.
0: basic algorithm combining Cyan, Yellow and Magenta.
1: algorithm combining Cyan, Yellow, Magenta and Green.
WORD* red: pointer to red data storage allocated by the user.
WORD* green: pointer to red data storage allocated by the user.
WORD* blue: pointer to red data storage allocated by the user.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Image RGB has been copied into arrays.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_P1INVALID
Arrays size is incorrect.
DRV_P2INVALID
Invalid algorithm.
DRV_P3INVALID
Invalid red pointer (i.e. NULL)..
DRV_P4INVALID
Invalid green pointer (i.e. NULL)..
DRV_P5INVALID
Invalid bluepointer (i.e. NULL)..
DRV_NO_NEW_DATA
There is no new data yet.
GetMostRecentImage16, DemosaicImage, WhiteBalance.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 142
FUNCTIONS
GetMostRecentImage
unsigned int WINAPI GetMostRecentImage(at_32* arr, unsigned long size)
Description
This function will update the data array with the most recently acquired image in any
acquisition mode. The data are returned as long integers (32-bit signed integers). The
"array" must be exactly the same size as the complete image.
Parameters
long* arr: pointer to data storage allocated by the user.
unsigned long size: total number of pixels.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Image has been copied into array.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid pointer (i.e. NULL).
DRV_P2INVALID
Array size is incorrect.
DRV_NO_NEW_DATA
There is no new data yet.
GetMostRecentImage16, GetOldestImage, GetOldestImage16, GetImages
GetMostRecentImage16
unsigned int WINAPI GetMostRecentImage16(WORD* arr, unsigned long size)
Description
16-bit version of the GetMostRecentImage function.
Parameters
WORD* arr: pointer to data storage allocated by the user.
unsigned long size: total number of pixels.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Image has been copied into array.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid pointer (i.e. NULL).
DRV_P2INVALID
Array size is incorrect.
DRV_NO_NEW_DATA
There is no new data yet.
GetMostRecentImage, GetOldestImage16, GetOldestImage, GetImages
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 143
FUNCTIONS
GetMSTimingsData
unsigned int WINAPI GetMSTimingsData(SYSTEMTIME *TimeOfStart ,float *pfDifferences, int
inoOfimages)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
GetMSTimingsEnabled
unsigned int WINAPI GetMSTimingsEnabled(void)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
GetNewData
unsigned int WINAPI GetNewData(at_32* arr, unsigned long size)
Description
Deprecated see Note:
This function will update the data array to hold data acquired so far. The data are returned
as long integers (32-bit signed integers). The “array” must be large enough to hold the
complete
data
set.
When
used
in
conjunction
with
the
SetDriverEvent
and
GetAcquisitonProgress functions, the data from each scan in a kinetic series can be
processed while the acquisition is taking place.
Parameters
At_* array: pointer to data storage allocated by the user.
unsigned long size: total number of pixels.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Data copied.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid pointer (i.e. NULL).
DRV_P2INVALID
Array size is incorrect.
DRV_NO_NEW_DATA
There is no new data yet.
SetDriverEvent, GetAcquisitionProgress, SetAcquisitionMode, GetNewData8,
GetNewData16
NOTE: Deprecated by the following functions:
•
GetImages
•
GetMostRecentImage
•
GetOldestIimage
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 144
FUNCTIONS
GetNewData16
unsigned int WINAPI GetNewData16(WORD* arr, unsigned long size)
Description
Deprecated see Note:
16-bit version of the GetNewData function.
Parameters
WORD* arr: pointer to data storage allocated by the user.
unsigned long size: total number of pixels.
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Data copied.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid pointer (i.e. NULL).
DRV_P2INVALID
Array size is incorrect.
DRV_NO_NEW_DATA
There is no new data yet.
NOTE: Deprecated by the following functions:
•
GetImages
•
GetMostRecentImage
•
GetOldestIimage
GetNewData8
unsigned int WINAPI GetNewData8(unsigned char* arr, unsigned long size)
Description
Deprecated see Note:
8-bit version of the GetNewData function. This function will return the data in the lower 8
bits of the acquired data.
Parameters
unsigned char* arr: pointer to data storage allocated by the user.
unsigned long size: total number of pixels.
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Data copied.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid pointer (i.e. NULL).
DRV_P2INVALID
Array size is incorrect.
DRV_NO_NEW_DATA
There is no new data yet.
NOTE: Deprecated by the following functions:
•
GetImages
•
GetMostRecentImage
•
GetOldestIimage
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 145
FUNCTIONS
GetNewFloatData
unsigned int WINAPI GetNewFloatData(float* arr, unsigned long size)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
GetNumberADChannels
unsigned int WINAPI GetNumberADChannels(int* channels)
Description
As your Andor SDK system may be capable of operating with more than one A-D
converter, this function will tell you the number available.
Parameters
int* channels: number of allowed channels
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
See also
Number of channels returned.
SetADChannel
GetNumberAmp
unsigned int WINAPI GetNumberAmp(int* amp)
Description
As your Andor SDK system may be capable of operating with more than one output
amplifier, this function will tell you the number available.
Parameters
int* amp: number of allowed channels
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
See also
Number of output amplifiers returned.
SetOutputAmplifier
GetNumberAvailableImages
unsigned int WINAPI GetNumberAvailableImages (at_32* first, at_32* last)
Description
This function will return information on the number of available images in the circular
buffer. This information can be used with GetImages to retrieve a series of images. If any
images are overwritten in the circular buffer they no longer can be retrieved and the
information returned will treat overwritten images as not available.
Parameters
at_32* first: returns the index of the first available image in the circular buffer.
at_32* last: returns the index of the last available image in the circular buffer.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Number of acquired images returned
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card
DRV_NO_NEW_DATA
There is no new data yet
GetImages, GetImages16, GetNumberNewImages.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 146
FUNCTIONS
GetNumberDevices
unsigned int WINAPI GetNumberDevices (int* numDevs)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
GetNumberFKVShiftSpeeds
unsigned int WINAPI GetNumberFKVShiftSpeeds(int* number)
Description
As your Andor SDK system is capable of operating at more than one fast kinetics vertical
shift speed this function will return the actual number of speeds available.
Parameters
int* number: number of allowed speeds
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Number of speeds returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
GetFKVShiftSpeedF, SetFKVShiftSpeed
NOTE: Only available if camera is Classic or iStar.
GetNumberHorizontalSpeeds
unsigned int WINAPI GetNumberHorizontalSpeeds(int* number)
Description
Deprecated see Note:
As your Andor SDK system is capable of operating at more than one horizontal shift
speed this function will return the actual number of speeds available.
Parameters
int* number: number of allowed horizontal speeds
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Number of speeds returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
GetHorizontalSpeed, SetHorizontalSpeed
NOTE: Deprecated by GetNumberHSSpeeds
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 147
FUNCTIONS
GetNumberHSSpeeds
unsigned int WINAPI GetNumberHSSpeeds(int channel, int typ, int* speeds)
Description
As your Andor SDK system is capable of operating at more than one horizontal shift speed
this function will return the actual number of speeds available.
Parameters
int channel: the AD channel.
int typ: output amplification.
Valid values: 0
1
electron multiplication.
conventional.
int* speeds: number of allowed horizontal speeds
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Number of speeds returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid channel.
DRV_P2INVALID
Invalid horizontal read mode
GetHSSpeed, SetHSSpeed, GetNumberADChannels
GetNumberNewImages
unsigned int WINAPI GetNumberNewImages(long* first, long* last)
Description
This function will return information on the number of new images (i.e. images which have
not yet been retrieved) in the circular buffer. This information can be used with
GetImages to retrieve a series of the latest images. If any images are overwritten in the
circular buffer they can no longer be retrieved and the information returned will treat
overwritten images as having been retrieved.
Parameters
long* first: returns the index of the first available image in the circular buffer.
long* last: returns the index of the last available image in the circular buffer.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Number of acquired images returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_NO_NEW_DATA
There is no new data yet.
GetImages, GetImages16, GetNumberAvailableImages
Note: This index will increment as soon as a single accumulation has been completed within the current
acquisition.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 148
FUNCTIONS
GetNumberPhotonCountingDivisions
unsigned int WINAPI GetNumberPhotonCountingDivisions(unsigned long * noOfDivisions)
Description
Available in some systems is photon counting mode. This function gets the number of
photon
counting
divisions
available.
The
functions
SetPhotonCounting
and
SetPhotonCountingThreshold can be used to specify which of these divisions is to be
used.
Parameters
unsigned long* noOfDivisions: number of allowed photon counting divisions
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Number of photon counting divisions returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid parameter.
DRV_NOT_AVAILABLE
Photon Counting not available
SetPhotonCounting, SetPhotonCountingThreshold, GetCapabilities
GetNumberPreAmpGains
unsigned int WINAPI GetNumberPreAmpGains(int* noGains)
Description
Available in some systems are a number of pre amp gains that can be applied to the
data as it is read out. This function gets the number of these pre amp gains available.
The functions GetPreAmpGain and SetPreAmpGain can be used to specify which of
these gains is to be used.
Parameters
int* noGains: number of allowed pre amp gains
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Number of pre amp gains returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
IsPreAmpGainAvailable, GetPreAmpGain, SetPreAmpGain, GetCapabilities
GetNumberRingExposureTimes
unsigned int WINAPI GetNumberRingExposureTimes (int * ipnumTimes)
Description
Gets the number of exposures in the ring at this moment.
Parameters
int * ipnumTimes: Numberof exposure times.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Success
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized
SetRingExposureTimes
GetNumberIO
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 149
FUNCTIONS
unsigned int WINAPI GetNumberIO(int* iNumber)
Description
Available in some systems are a number of IO’s that can be configured to be inputs or
outputs. This function gets the number of these IO’s available. The functions
GetIODirection, GetIOLevel, SetIODirection and SetIOLevel can be used to specify the
configuration.
Parameters
int* iNumber: number of allowed IO’s
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Number of IO’s returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid parameter.
DRV_NOT_AVAILABLE
Feature not available.
GetIOLevel GetIODirection SetIODirection SetIOLevel
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 150
FUNCTIONS
GetNumberVerticalSpeeds
unsigned int WINAPI GetNumberVerticalSpeeds(int* number)
Description
Deprecated see Note:
As your Andor system may be capable of operating at more than one vertical shift speed
this function will return the actual number of speeds available.
Parameters
int* number: number of allowed vertical speeds
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Number of speeds returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
GetVerticalSpeed, SetVerticalSpeed
NOTE: Deprecated by GetNumberVSSpeeds
GetNumberVSAmplitudes
unsigned int WINAPI GetNumberVSAmplitudes (int* number)
Description
This function will normally return the number of vertical clock voltage amplitues that the
camera has.
Parameters
int *number:
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Number returned
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized
DRV_NOT_AVAILABLE
Your system does not support this feature
GetNumberVSSpeeds
unsigned int WINAPI GetNumberVSSpeeds(int* speeds)
Description
As your Andor system may be capable of operating at more than one vertical shift speed
this function will return the actual number of speeds available.
Parameters
int* speeds: number of allowed vertical speeds
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Number of speeds returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
GetVSSpeed, SetVSSpeed, GetFastestRecommendedVSSpeed
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 151
FUNCTIONS
GetOldestImage
unsigned int WINAPI GetOldestImage(at_32* arr, unsigned long size)
Description
This function will update the data array with the oldest image in the circular buffer. Once
the oldest image has been retrieved it no longer is available. The data are returned as
long integers (32-bit signed integers). The "array" must be exactly the same size as the
full image.
Parameters
at_32* arr: pointer to data storage allocated by the user.
unsigned long size: total number of pixels.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Image has been copied into array.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid pointer (i.e. NULL).
DRV_P2INVALID
Array size is incorrect.
DRV_NO_NEW_DATA
There is no new data yet.
GetOldestImage16, GetMostRecentImage, GetMostRecentImage16
GetOldestImage16
unsigned int WINAPI GetOldestImage16(WORD* arr, unsigned long size)
Description
16-bit version of the GetOldestImage function.
Parameters
WORD* arr: pointer to data storage allocated by the user.
unsigned long size: total number of pixels.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Image has been copied into array.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid pointer (i.e. NULL).
DRV_P2INVALID
Array size is incorrect.
DRV_NO_NEW_DATA
There is no new data yet.
GetOldestImage, GetMostRecentImage16, GetMostRecentImage
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 152
FUNCTIONS
GetPhysicalDMAAddress
unsigned int WINAPI GetPhysicalDMAAddress (unsigned long* Address1, unsigned long* Address2)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
GetPixelSize
unsigned int WINAPI GetPixelSize(float* xSize, float* ySize)
Description
This function returns the dimension of the pixels in the detector in microns.
Parameters
float* xSize: width of pixel.
float* ySize: height of pixel.
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Pixel size returned.
GetPreAmpGain
unsigned int WINAPI GetPreAmpGain(int index, float* gain)
Description
For those systems that provide a number of pre amp gains to apply to the data as it is read
out; this function retrieves the amount of gain that is stored for a particular index. The
number of gains available can be obtained by calling the GetNumberPreAmpGains
function and a specific Gain can be selected using the function SetPreAmpGain.
Parameters
int index: gain index
Valid values:
0 to GetNumberPreAmpGains()-1
float* gain: gain factor for this index.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Gain returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid index.
IsPreAmpGainAvailable, GetNumberPreAmpGains, SetPreAmpGain, GetCapabilities
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 153
FUNCTIONS
GetPreAmpGainText
unsigned int WINAPI GetPreAmpGainText (int index , char* name, int len)
Description
This function will return a string with a pre amp gain description. The pre amp gain is
selected using the index. The SDK has a string associated with each of its pre amp gains.
The maximum number of characters needed to store the pre amp gain descriptions is 30.
The user has to specify the number of characters they wish to have returned to them from
this function.
Parameters
int index: gain index
Valid values:
0 to GetNumberPreAmpGains()-1
char* name: A user allocated array of characters for storage of the description.
int len: The length of the user allocated character array.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Description returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid index.
DRV_P2INVALID
Array size is incorrect
DRV_NOT_SUPPORTED
Function not supported with this camera
IsPreAmpGainAvailable, GetNumberPreAmpGains, SetPreAmpGain, GetCapabilities
GetQE
unsigned int WINAPI GetQE(char * sensor, float wavelength, unsigned int mode, float * QE)
Description
Returns the percentage QE for a particular head model at a user specified wavelength.
Parameters
char* sensor: head model
float wavelength: wavelength at which QE is required
unsigned int mode: Clara mode (Normal (0) or Extended NIR (1)). 0 for all other systems
float* QE: requested QE
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
QE returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
_GetHeadModel, GetCapabilities
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 154
FUNCTIONS
GetReadOutTime
unsigned int WINAPI GetReadOutTime(float* ReadoutTime)
Description
This function will return the time to readout data from a sensor. This function should be
used after all the acquisitions settings have been set, e.g. SetExposureTime,
SetKineticCycleTime and SetReadMode etc. The value returned is the actual times used
in subsequent acquisitions.
Parameters
float* ReadoutTime: valid readout time in seconds
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Timing information returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ERROR_CODES
Error communicating with camera.
See also
GetAcquisitionTimings GetKeepCleanTime
NOTES
NOTE: Available on iDus, iXon, Luca & Newton.
GetRegisterDump
unsigned int WINAPI GetRegisterDump (int* mode)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
GetRingExposureRange
unsigned int WINAPI GetRingExposureRange (float * fpMin, float * fpMax)
Description
With the Ring Of Exposure feature there may be a case when not all exposures can be
met. The ring of exposure feature will guarantee that the highest exposure will be met but
this may mean that the lower exposures may not be. If the lower exposures are too low
they will be increased to the lowest value possible. This function will return these upper
and lower values.
Parameters
float * fpMin: Minimum exposure
float * fpMax: Maximum exposure.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Min and max returned
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialize
DRV_INVALID_MODE
Trigger mode is not available
GetCapabilities, GetNumberRingExposureTimes, IsTriggerModeAvailable,
SetRingExposureTimes
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 155
FUNCTIONS
GetSensitivity
unsigned int WINAPI GetSensitivity(int channel, int index, int amplifier, int pa, float* sensitivity)
Description
This function returns the sensitivity for a particular speed.
Parameters
int channel:
AD channel index.
int amplifier:
Type of output amplifier.
int index:
Channel speed index.
int pa: PreAmp gain index.
float* sensitivity: requested sensitivity.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Sensitivity returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid channel.
DRV_P2INVALID
Invalid amplifier.
DRV_P3INVALID
Invalid speed index.
DRV_P4INVALID
Invalid gain.
GetCapabilities
NOTE: Available only on iXon+ and Clara.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 156
FUNCTIONS
GetSizeOfCircularBuffer
unsigned int WINAPI GetSizeOfCircularBuffer(long* index)
Description
This function will return the maximum number of images the circular buffer can store
based on the current acquisition settings.
Parameters
long* index: returns the maximum number of images the circular buffer can store.
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Maximum number of images returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
GetSlotBusDeviceFunction
unsigned int WINAPI GetSlotBusDeviceFunction (DWORD *dwSlot, DWORD *dwBus, DWORD
*dwDevice, DWORD *dwFunction)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 157
FUNCTIONS
GetSoftwareVersion
unsigned int WINAPI GetSoftwareVersion(unsigned int* eprom, unsigned int* cofFile, unsigned int*
vxdRev, unsigned int* vxdVer, unsigned int* dllRev, unsigned int* dllVer)
Description
This function returns the Software version information for the microprocessor code and the
driver.
Parameters
unsigned int* eprom: EPROM version
unsigned int* cofFile: COF file version
unsigned int *vxdRev: Driver revision number
unsigned int *vxdVer: Driver version number
unsigned int *dllRev: DLL revision number
unsigned int *dllVer: DLL version number
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Version information returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
GetSpoolProgress
unsigned int WINAPI GetSpoolProgress(long* index)
Description
Deprecated see Note:
This function will return information on the progress of the current spool operation. The
value returned is the number of images that have been saved to disk during the current
kinetic scan.
Parameters
long* index: returns the number of files saved to disk in the current kinetic scan.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Spool progress returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
SetSpool
NOTE: Deprecated by GetTotalNumberImagesAcquired
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 158
FUNCTIONS
GetStatus
unsigned int WINAPI GetStatus(int* status)
Description
This function will return the current status of the Andor SDK system. This function should
be called before an acquisition is started to ensure that it is IDLE and during an acquisition
to monitor the process.
Parameters
int* status: current status
DRV_IDLE
IDLE waiting on instructions.
DRV_TEMPCYCLE
Executing temperature cycle.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_ACCUM_TIME_NOT_MET
Unable to meet Accumulate cycle time.
DRV_KINETIC_TIME_NOT_MET
Unable to meet Kinetic cycle time.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_ACQ_BUFFER
Computer unable to read the data via the ISA slot
at the required rate.
Overflow of the spool buffer.
DRV_SPOOLERROR
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Status returned
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized
SetTemperature, StartAcquisition
NOTE: If the status is one of the following:
•
DRV_ACCUM_TIME_NOT_MET
•
DRV_KINETIC_TIME_NOT_MET
•
DRV_ERROR_ACK
•
DRV_ACQ_BUFFER
then the current acquisition will be aborted automatically.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 159
FUNCTIONS
GetTemperature
unsigned int WINAPI GetTemperature(int* temperature)
Description
This function returns the temperature of the detector to the nearest degree. It also gives
the status of cooling process.
Parameters
int* temperature: temperature of the detector
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_TEMP_OFF
Temperature is OFF.
DRV_TEMP_STABILIZED
Temperature has stabilized at set point.
DRV_TEMP_NOT_REACHED
Temperature has not reached set point.
DRV_TEMP_DRIFT
Temperature had stabilized but has since drifted
DRV_TEMP_NOT_STABILIZED
Temperature reached but not stabilized
GetTemperatureF, SetTemperature, CoolerON, CoolerOFF, GetTemperatureRange
GetTemperatureF
unsigned int WINAPI GetTemperatureF(float* temperature)
Description
This function returns the temperature in degrees of the detector. It also gives the status of
cooling process.
Parameters
float* temperature: temperature of the detector
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_TEMP_OFF
Temperature is OFF.
DRV_TEMP_STABILIZED
Temperature has stabilized at set point.
DRV_TEMP_NOT_REACHED
Temperature has not reached set point.
DRV_TEMP_DRIFT
Temperature had stabilised but has since drifted
DRV_TEMP_NOT_STABILIZED
Temperature reached but not stabilized
GetTemperature, SetTemperature, CoolerON, CoolerOFF, GetTemperatureRange
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 160
FUNCTIONS
GetTemperatureRange
unsigned int WINAPI GetTemperatureRange(int* mintemp, int* maxtemp)
Description
This function returns the valid range of temperatures in centigrads to which the detector
can be cooled.
Parameters
int* mintemp: minimum temperature
int* maxtemp: maximum temperature
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Temperature range returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
GetTemperature, GetTemperatureF, SetTemperature, CoolerON, CoolerOFF
GetTemperatureStatus
unsigned
int
WINAPI
GetTemperatureStatus
(float
*SensorTemp,
float
*TargetTemp,
float
*AmbientTemp, float *CoolerVolts)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
GetTotalNumberImagesAcquired
unsigned int WINAPI GetTotalNumberImagesAcquired(long* index)
Description
This function will return the total number of images acquired since the current acquisition
started. If the camera is idle the value returned is the number of images acquired during
the last acquisition.
Parameters
long* index: returns the total number of images acquired since the acquisition started.
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Number of acquired images returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 161
FUNCTIONS
GetIODirection
unsigned int WINAPI GetIODirection(int index, int* iDirection)
Description
Available in some systems are a number of IO’s that can be configured to be inputs or
outputs. This function gets the current state of a particular IO.
Parameters
int index: IO index
Valid values: 0 toGetNumberIO() - 1
int* iDirection: current direction for this index.
0: Output
1: Input
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
IO direction returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid index.
DRV_P2INVALID
Invalid parameter.
DRV_NOT_AVAILABLE
Feature not available.
GetNumberIO GetIOLevel SetIODirection SetIOLevel
GetIOLevel
unsigned int WINAPI GetIOLevel(int index, int* iLevel)
Description
Available in some systems are a number of IO’s that can be configured to be inputs or
outputs. This function gets the current state of a particular IO.
Parameters
int index: IO index
Valid values: 0 toGetNumberIO() - 1
int* iLevel: current level for this index.
0: Low
1: High
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
IO level returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid index.
DRV_P2INVALID
Invalid parameter.
DRV_NOT_AVAILABLE
Feature not available.
GetNumberIO GetIODirection SetIODirection SetIOLevel
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 162
FUNCTIONS
GetVersionInfo
unsigned
int
WINAPI
GetVersionInfo
(AT_VersionInfoId
arr,
char*
szVersionInfo,
at_u32
ui32BufferLen)
Description
This function retrieves version information about different aspects of the Andor system. The
information is copied into a passed string buffer. Currently, the version of the SDK and the
Device Driver (USB or PCI) is supported.
Parameters
AT_VersionInfoId arr:
AT_SDKVersion: requests the SDK version information
AT_DeviceDriverVersion: requests the device driver version
char* szVersionInfo: A user allocated array of characters for storage of the information
at_u32 ui32BufferLen: The size of the passed character array, versionInfo.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Information returned
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid information type requested
DRV_P2INVALID
Storage array pointer is NULL
DRV_P3INVALID
Size of the storage array is zero
GetHeadModel, GetCameraSerialNumber, GetCameraInformation, GetCapabilities
GetVerticalSpeed
unsigned int WINAPI GetVerticalSpeed(int index, int* speed)
Description
Deprecated see Note:
As your Andor system may be capable of operating at more than one vertical shift speed
this function will return the actual speeds available. The value returned is in
microseconds per pixel shift.
Parameters
int index: speed required
Valid values
0 to GetNumberVerticalSpeeds()-1
int* speed: speed in microseconds per pixel shift.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Speed returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid index.
GetNumberVerticalSpeeds, SetVerticalSpeed
NOTE: Deprecated by GetVSSpeed.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 163
FUNCTIONS
GetVirtualDMAAddress
unsigned int WINAPI GetVirtualDMAAddress(void** Address1, void** Address2)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
GetVSSpeed
unsigned int WINAPI GetVSSpeed(int index, float* speed)
Description
As your Andor SDK system may be capable of operating at more than one vertical shift
speed this function will return the actual speeds available. The value returned is in
microseconds.
Parameters
int index: speed required
Valid values
0 to GetNumberVSSpeeds()-1
float* speed: speed in microseconds per pixel shift.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Speed returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid index.
GetNumberVSSpeeds, SetVSSpeed, GetFastestRecommendedVSSpeed
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 164
FUNCTIONS
GPIBReceive
unsigned int WINAPI GPIBReceive(int id, short address, char* text, int size)
Description
This function reads data from a device until a byte is received with the EOI line asserted
or until size bytes have been read.
Parameters
int id: The interface board number
short address: Address of device to send data
char* text: The data to be sent
int size: Number of characters to read
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Data received.
DRV_P3INVALID
Invalid pointer (e.g. NULL).
Other errors may be returned by the GPIB device.
Consult the help documentation supplied with these
devices
See also
GPIBSend
GPIBSend
unsigned int WINAPI GPIBSend(int id, short address, char* text)
Description
This function initializes the GPIB by sending interface clear. Then the device described
by address is put in a listen-active state. Finally the string of characters, text, is sent to
the device with a newline character and with the EOI line asserted after the final
character.
Parameters
int id: The interface board number
short address: Address of device to send data
char* text: The data to be sent
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Data sent.
DRV_P3INVALID
Invalid pointer (e.g. NULL).
The GPIB device may return other errors. Consult the
help documentation supplied with these devices
See also
GPIBReceive
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 165
FUNCTIONS
I2CBurstRead
unsigned int WINAPI I2CBurstRead(BYTE i2cAddress, long nBytes, BYTE* data)
Description
This function will read a specified number of bytes from a chosen device attached to the
2
I C data bus.
Parameters
BYTE i2cAddress: The address of the device to read from.
long nBytes: The number of bytes to read from the device.
BYTE* data: The data read from the device.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Read successful.
DRV_VXDNOTINSTALLED
VxD not loaded.
DRV_INIERROR
Unable to load “DETECTOR.INI”.
DRV_COFERROR
Unable to load “*.COF”.
DRV_FLEXERROR
Unable to load “*.RBF”.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_I2CDEVNOTFOUND
Could not find the specified device.
DRV_I2CTIMEOUT
Timed out reading from device.
DRV_UNKNOWN_FUNC
Unknown function, incorrect cof file.
I2CBurstWrite, I2CRead, I2CWrite, I2cReset
I2CBurstWrite
unsigned int WINAPI I2CBurstWrite(BYTE i2cAddress, long nBytes, BYTE* data)
Description
2
This function will write a specified number of bytes to a chosen device attached to the I C
data bus.
Parameters
BYTE i2cAddress: The address of the device to write to.
long nBytes: The number of bytes to write to the device.
BYTE* data: The data to write to the device.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Write successful.
DRV_VXDNOTINSTALLED
VxD not loaded.
DRV_INIERROR
Unable to load “DETECTOR.INI”.
DRV_COFERROR
Unable to load “*.COF”.
DRV_FLEXERROR
Unable to load “*.RBF”.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_I2CDEVNOTFOUND
Could not find the specified device.
DRV_I2CTIMEOUT
Timed out reading from device.
DRV_UNKNOWN_FUNC
Unknown function, incorrect cof file.
I2CBurstRead, I2CRead, I2CWrite, I2cReset
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 166
FUNCTIONS
I2CRead
unsigned int WINAPI I2CRead(BYTE deviceID, BYTE intAddress, BYTE* pdata)
Description
This function will read a single byte from the chosen device.
Parameters
BYTE deviceID: The device to read from.
BYTE intAddress: The internal address of the device to be read from.
BYTE* pdata: The byte read from the device.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Read successful.
DRV_VXDNOTINSTALLED
VxD not loaded.
DRV_INIERROR
Unable to load “DETECTOR.INI”.
DRV_COFERROR
Unable to load “*.COF”.
DRV_FLEXERROR
Unable to load “*.RBF”.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_I2CDEVNOTFOUND
Could not find the specified device.
DRV_I2CTIMEOUT
Timed out reading from device.
DRV_UNKNOWN_FUNC
Unknown function, incorrect cof file.
I2CBurstWrite, I2CBurstRead, I2CWrite, I2cReset
I2CReset
unsigned int WINAPI I2CReset(void)
Description
2
This function will reset the I C data bus.
Parameters
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Reset successful.
DRV_VXDNOTINSTALLED
VxD not loaded.
DRV_INIERROR
Unable to load “DETECTOR.INI”.
DRV_COFERROR
Unable to load “*.COF”.
DRV_FLEXERROR
Unable to load “*.RBF”.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_I2CTIMEOUT
Timed out reading from device.
DRV_UNKNOWN_FUNC
Unknown function, incorrect cof file.
I2CBurstWrite, I2CBurstRead,I2CRead, I2CWrite
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 167
FUNCTIONS
I2CWrite
unsigned int WINAPI I2CWrite(BYTE deviceID, BYTE intAddress, BYTE data)
Description
This function will write a single byte to the chosen device.
Parameters
BYTE deviceID: The device to write to.
BYTE intAddress: The internal address of the device to write to.
BYTE data: The byte to be written to the device.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Write successful.
DRV_VXDNOTINSTALLED
VxD not loaded.
DRV_INIERROR
Unable to load “DETECTOR.INI”.
DRV_COFERROR
Unable to load “*.COF”.
DRV_FLEXERROR
Unable to load “*.RBF”.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_I2CDEVNOTFOUND
Could not find the specified device.
DRV_I2CTIMEOUT
Timed out reading from device.
DRV_UNKNOWN_FUNC
Unknown function, incorrect cof file.
I2CBurstWrite, I2CBurstRead, I2CRead, I2cReset
IdAndorDll
unsigned int WINAPI IdAndorDll (void)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
InAuxPort
unsigned int WINAPI InAuxPort(int port, int* state)
Description
This function returns the state of the TTL Auxiliary Input Port on the Andor plug-in card.
Parameters
int port: Number of AUX in port on Andor card
Valid Values 1 to 4
int* state: current state of port
0 OFF/LOW
all other ON/HIGH
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
AUX read.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_VXDNOTINSTALLED
VxD not loaded.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid port id.
OutAuxPort
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 168
FUNCTIONS
Initialize
unsigned int WINAPI Initialize(char* dir)
Description
This function will initialize the Andor SDK System. As part of the initialization procedure on
some cameras (i.e. Classic, iStar and earlier iXion) the DLL will need access to a
DETECTOR.INI which contains information relating to the detector head, number pixels,
readout speeds etc. If your system has multiple cameras then see the section Controlling
multiple cameras
Parameters
char* dir: Path to the directory containing the files
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Initialisation successful.
DRV_VXDNOTINSTALLED
VxD not loaded.
DRV_INIERROR
Unable to load “DETECTOR.INI”.
DRV_COFERROR
Unable to load “*.COF”.
DRV_FLEXERROR
Unable to load “*.RBF”.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_ERROR_FILELOAD
Unable to load “*.COF” or “*.RBF” files.
DRV_ERROR_PAGELOCK
Unable to acquire lock on requested memory.
DRV_USBERROR
Unable to detect USB device or not USB2.0.
DRV_ERROR_NOCAMERA
No camera found
GetAvailableCameras, SetCurrentCamera, GetCurrentCamera
InitializeDevice
unsigned int WINAPI InitializeDevice(char * dir)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 169
FUNCTIONS
IsCoolerOn
unsigned int WINAPI IsCoolerOn (int* iCoolerStatus)
Description
This function checks the status of the cooler.
Parameters
int* iCoolerStatus: 0: Cooler is OFF.
1: Cooler is ON.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Status returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized
DRV_P1INVALID
Parameter is NULL
CoolerON CoolerOFF
IsCountConvertModeAvailable
unsigned int WINAPI IsCountConvertModeAvailable (int mode)
Description
This function checks if the hardware and current settings permit the use of the specified
Count Convert mode.
Parameters
int mode: Count Convert mode to be checked
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Count Convert mode available.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_NOT_SUPPORTED
Count Convert not supported on this camera
DRV_INVALID_COUNTCONVERT_
Count Convert mode not available with
MODE
current acquisition settings
GetCapabilities, SetCountConvertMode, SetCountConvertWavelength
IsInternalMechanicalShutter
unsigned int WINAPI IsInternalMechanicalShutter (int* InternalShutter)
Description
This function checks if an iXon camera has a mechanical shutter installed.
Parameters
int* InternalShutter: 0: Mechanical shutter not installed.
1: Mechanical shutter installed.
Return
NOTE
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Internal Shutter state returned
DRV_NOT_AVAILABLE
Not an iXon camera.
DRV_P1INVALID
Parameter is NULL
Available only on iXon.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 170
FUNCTIONS
IsAmplifierAvailable
unsigned int WINAPI IsAmplifierAvailable(int iamp)
Description
This function checks if the hardware and current settings permit the use of the specified
amplifier.
Parameters
int iamp: amplifier to check.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Amplifier available
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized
DRV_INVALID_AMPLIFIER
Not a valid amplifier
SetHSSpeed
IsPreAmpGainAvailable
unsigned int WINAPI IsPreAmpGainAvailable(int channel, int amplifier, int index, int pa, int* status)
Description
This function checks that the AD channel exists, and that the amplifier, speed and gain
are available for the AD channel.
Parameters
int channel:
AD channel index.
int amplifier:
Type of output amplifier.
int index:
Channel speed index.
int pa: PreAmp gain index.
int* status:
0: PreAmpGain not available.
1: PreAmpGain Available.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
PreAmpGain status returned.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid channel.
DRV_P2INVALID
Invalid amplifier.
DRV_P3INVALID
Invalid speed index.
DRV_P4INVALID
Invalid gain.
GetNumberPreAmpGains, GetPreAmpGain, SetPreAmpGain
NOTE: Available only on iXon.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 171
FUNCTIONS
IsTriggerModeAvailable
unsigned int WINAPI IsTriggerModeAvailable(int iTriggerMode)
Description
This function checks if the hardware and current settings permit the use of the specified
trigger mode.
Parameters
int iTriggerMode: Trigger mode to check.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Trigger mode available
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialize
DRV_INVALID_MODE
Not a valid mode
SetTriggerMode
Merge
unsigned int WINAPI Merge(const at_32* arr, long nOrder, long nPoint, long nPixel, float* coeff, long
fit,long hbin, at_32* output, float* start, float* step)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 172
FUNCTIONS
OA_AddMode
unsigned int WINAPI OA_AddMode (char* ModeName, unsigned int ModeNameLen, char *
ModeDescription, unsigned int ModeDescriptionLen)
Description
This function will add a mode name and description to memory. Note that this will not add
the mode to file, a subsequent call to OA_WriteToFile must be made.
Parameters
char* ModeName:
A name for the mode to be defined.
unsigned int ModeNameLen:
Mode name string length.
char* modeDescription:
A description of the user defined mode.
unsigned int ModeDescriptionLen: Mode Description string length.
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
All parameters accepted
DRV_P1INVALID
Null mode name.
DRV_P3INVALID
Null mode description.
DRV_OA_INVALID_STRING_LENGTH
One or more parameters have an invalid
length, i.e. > 255.
Mode and description have the same name,
DRV_OA_INVALID_NAMING
this is not valid.
DRV_OA_MODE_BUFFER_FULL
Number of modes exceeds limit.
DRV_OA_INVALID_CHARS_IN_NAME
Mode name and/or description contain
invalid characters.
DRV_OA_MODE_ALREADY_EXISTS
Mode name already exists in the file.
DRV_OA_INVALID_CHARS_IN_NAME
Invalid charcters in Mode Name or Mode
Description
See also
OA_DeleteMode, OA_WriteToFile
OA_DeleteMode
unsigned int WINAPI OA_DeleteMode (const char* const ModeName, unsigned int ModeNameLen)
Description
This function will remove a mode from memory. To permanently remove a mode from file,
call OA_WriteToFile after OA_DeleteMode. The Preset file will not be affected.
Parameters
const char* const ModeName: The name of the mode to be removed.
unsigned int ModeNameLen:
Return
Mode name string length.
unsigned int
All parameters accepted
DRV_SUCCESS
Null mode name.
DRV_P1INVALID
DRV_OA_INVALID_STRING_LENGTH
The mode name parameter has an invalid
length, i.e. > 256.
Mode does not exist.
DRV_OA_MODE_DOES_NOT_EXIST
See also
OA_AddMode, OA_WriteToFile
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 173
FUNCTIONS
OA_EnableMode
unsigned int WINAPI OA_EnableMode (const char* const ModeName)
Description
This function will set all the parameters associated with the specified mode to be used for all
subsequent acquisitions. The mode specified by the user must be in either the Preset file or
the User defined file.
Parameters
const char* const ModeName: The mode to be used for all subsequent acquisitions.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
All parameters accepted
DRV_P1INVALID
Null mode name.
DRV_OA_MODE_DOES_NOT_EXIST
Mode name does not exist.
DRV_OA_CAMERA_NOT_SUPPORTED
Camera not supported.
OA_AddMode
OA_GetFloat
unsigned int WINAPI OA_GetFloat (const char* const ModeName, const char* const ModeParam,
float* FloatValue)
Description
This function is used to get the values for floating point type acquisition parameters.
Values are retrieved from memory for the specified mode name.
Parameters
const char* const ModeName: The name of the mode for which an acquisition parameter
will be retrieved.
const char* const ModeParam: The name of the acquisition parameter for which
a value will be retrieved.
float* FloatValue:
Return
See also
The value of the acquisition parameter.
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
All parameters accepted
DRV_P1INVALID
Null mode parameter.
DRV_P2INVALID
Null mode parameter.
DRV_P3INVALID
Null float value.
OA_SetFloat
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 174
FUNCTIONS
OA_GetInt
unsigned int WINAPI OA_GetInt (const char* const ModeName, const char* const ModeParam, int*
IntValue)
Description
This function is used to get the values for integer type acquisition parameters. Values
are retrieved from memory for the specified mode name.
Parameters
const char* const ModeName: The name of the mode for which an acquisition parameter
will be retrieved.
const char* const ModeParam: The name of the acquisition parameter for which a value
will be retrieved.
int* IntValue:
The buffer to return the value of the acquisition
parameter.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
All parameters accepted.
DRV_P1INVALID
Null mode name.
DRV_P2INVALID
Null mode parameter.
DRV_P3INVALID
Null integer value.
OA_SetInt
OA_GetModeAcqParams
unsigned int WINAPI OA_GetModeAcqParams (const char* const ModeName, char * const
ListOfParams)
Description
This function will return all acquisition parameters associated with the specified mode.
The mode specified by the user must be in either the Preset file or the User defined file.
The user must allocate enough memory for all of the acquisition parameters.
Parameters
const char* const ModeName: The mode for which all acquisition parameters must be
returned.
char * const ListOfParams:
A user allocated array of characters for storage of the
acquisition parameters. Parameters will be delimited by a
‘,’.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
All parameters accepted.
DRV_P1INVALID
Null mode name.
DRV_P2INVALID
Null mode parameter.
DRV_OA_NO_USER_DATA
No data for selected mode.
OA_GetNumberOfAcqParams
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 175
FUNCTIONS
OA_GetNumberOfAcqParams
unsigned int WINAPI OA_GetNumberOfAcqParams (const char* const ModeName, unsigned int*
const NumberOfParams)
Description
This function will return the parameters associated with a specified mode. The mode
must be present in either the Preset file or the User defined file.
Parameters
const char* const ModeName
The mode to search for a list of acquisition
parameters.
unsigned int* const NumberOfParams: The number of acquisition parameters for the
specified mode.
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
All parameters accepted.
DRV_P1INVALID
Null mode name.
DRV_P2INVALID
Null number of parameters.
DRV_OA_NULL_ERROR
See also
Invalid pointer.
OA_GetModeAcqParams
OA_GetNumberOfPreSetModes
unsigned int WINAPI OA_GetNumberOfPreSetModes (unsigned int* const NumberOfModes)
Description
This function will return the number of modes defined in the Preset file. The Preset file
must exist.
Parameters
unsigned int* const NumberOfModes: The number of modes in the Andor file.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
All parameters accepted.
DRV_P1INVALID
Null number of modes.
DRV_OA_NULL_ERROR
Invalid pointer.
DRV_OA_BUFFER_FULL
Number of modes exceeds limit.
OA_GetPreSetModeNames
OA_GetNumberOfUserModes
unsigned int WINAPI OA_GetNumberOfUserModes (unsigned int* const NumberOfModes)
Description
This function will return the number of modes defined in the User file. The user defined
file must exist.
Parameters
unsigned int* const NumberOfModes: The number of modes in the user file.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
All parameters accepted.
DRV_P1INVALID
Null number of modes.
DRV_OA_NULL_ERROR
Invalid pointer.
DRV_OA_BUFFER_FULL
Number of modes exceeds limit.
OA_GetUserModeNames
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 176
FUNCTIONS
OA_GetPreSetModeNames
unsigned int WINAPI OA_GetPreSetModeNames (char * ListOfModes)
Description
This function will return the available mode names from the Preset file. The mode and
the Preset file must exist. The user must allocate enough memory for all of the
acquisition parameters.
Parameters
char * ListOfModes:
A user allocated array of characters for storage of the mode
names. Mode names will be delimited by a ‘,’.
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
DRV_P1INVALID
DRV_OA_NULL_ERROR
See also
All parameters accepted.
Null list of modes.
Invalid pointer.
OA_GetNumberOfPreSetModes
OA_GetString
unsigned int WINAPI OA_GetString (const char* const ModeName, const char* const ModeParam,
char* StringValue, const unsigned int StringLen)
Description
This function is used to get the values for string type acquisition parameters. Values
are retrieved from memory for the specified mode name.
Parameters
const char* const ModeName:
The name of the mode for which an acquisition
parameter will be retrieved.
const char* const ModeParam: The name of the acquisition parameter for which a value
will be retrieved.
char* StringValue:
The buffer to return the value of the acquisition
parameter.
const unsigned int StringLen:
Return
See also
The length of the buffer.
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
All parameters accepted.
DRV_P1INVALID
Null mode name.
DRV_P2INVALID
Null mode parameter.
DRV_P3INVALID
Null string value.
DRV_P4INVALID
Invalid string length
OA_SetString
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 177
FUNCTIONS
OA_GetUserModeNames
unsigned int WINAPI OA_GetUserModeNames (char * ListOfModes)
Description
This function will return the available mode names from a User defined file. The mode
and the User defined file must exist. The user must allocate enough memory for all of the
acquisition parameters.
Parameters
char * ListOfModes:
A user allocated array of characters for storage of the mode
names. Mode names will be delimited by a ‘,’.
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
DRV_P1INVALID
DRV_OA_NULL_ERROR
See also
All parameters accepted.
Null list of modes.
Invalid pointer.
OA_GetNumberOfUserModes
OA_Initialize
unsigned int WINAPI OA_Initialize (const char * const Filename, unsigned int FileNameLen)
Description
This function will initialise the OptAcquire settings from a Preset file and a User defined
file if it exists.
Parameters
char* const Filename:
The name of a user xml file. If the file exists then data will
be read from the file. If the file does not exist the file name
may be used when the user calls WriteToFile().
unsigned int FileNameLen: The length of the filename.
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
All parameters accepted.
DRV_P1INVALID
Null filename.
DRV_OA_CAMERA_NOT_SUPPORTED
Camera not supported.
DRV_OA_GET_CAMERA_ERROR
Unable to retrieve information about the
model of the Camera.
DRV_OA_INVALID_STRING_LENGTH
The parameter has an invalid length, i.e.
> 255.
See also
DRV_OA_ANDOR_FILE_NOT_LOADED
Preset Andor file failed to load.
DRV_OA_USER_FILE_NOT_LOADED
Supplied User file failed to load.
DRV_OA_FILE_ACCESS_ERROR
Failed to determine status of file.
DRV_OA_PRESET_AND_USER_FILE_N
OT_LOADED
Failed to load Andor and User file.
OA_WriteToFile
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 178
FUNCTIONS
OA_SetFloat
unsigned int WINAPI OA_SetFloat (const char* const ModeName, const char * ModeParam, const
float FloatValue)
Description
This function is used to set values for floating point type acquisition parameters where
the new values are stored in memory. To commit changes to file call WriteToFile().
Parameters
const char* const ModeName: The name of the mode for which an acquisition parameter
will be edited.
const char * const ModeParam: The name of the acquisition parameter to be edited.
const float FloatValue:
Return
The value to assign to the acquisition parameter.
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
All parameters accepted.
DRV_P1INVALID
Null mode name.
DRV_P2INVALID
Null mode parameter.
DRV_OA_INVALID_STRING_LENGTH
One or more of the string parameters has
an invalid length, i.e. > 255.
DRV_OA_MODE_DOES_NOT_EXIST
See also
The Mode does not exist.
OA_GetFloat, OA_EnableMode, OA_WriteToFile
OA_SetInt
unsigned int WINAPI OA_SetInt (const char* const ModeName, const char* ModeParam, const int
IntValue)
This function is used to set values for integer type acquisition parameters where the
Description
new values are stored in memory. To commit changes to file call WriteToFile().
Parameters
const char* const ModeName: The name of the mode for which an acquisition parameter
will be edited.
const char* const ModeParam: The name of the acquisition parameter to be edited.
const int IntValue:
Return
The value to assign to the acquisition parameter.
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
All parameters accepted.
DRV_P1INVALID
Null mode name.
DRV_P2INVALID
Null mode parameter.
DRV_OA_INVALID_STRING_LENGTH
One or more of the string parameters has
an invalid length, i.e. > 255.
DRV_OA_MODE_DOES_NOT_EXIST
See also
The Mode does not exist.
OA_GetInt, OA_EnableMode, OA_WriteToFile
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 179
FUNCTIONS
OA_SetString
unsigned int WINAPI OA_SetString (const char* const ModeName, const char* ModeParam, char*
StringValue, const unsigned int StringLen)
Description
This function is used to set values for string type acquisition parameters where the
new values are stored in memory. To commit changes to file call WriteToFile().
Parameters
const char* const ModeName: The name of the mode for which an acquisition parameter
is to be edited.
const char* const ModeParam: The name of the acquisition parameter to be edited.
Return
char* StringValue:
The value to assign to the acquisition parameter.
const unsigned int StringLen:
The length of the input string.
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
All parameters accepted.
DRV_P1INVALID
Null mode name.
DRV_P2INVALID
Null mode parameter.
DRV_P3INVALID
Null string value.
DRV_P4INVALID
Invalid string length
DRV_OA_INVALID_STRING_LENGTH
One or more of the string parameters has
an invalid length, i.e. > 255.
DRV_OA_MODE_DOES_NOT_EXIST
See also
The Mode does not exist.
OA_GetString, OA_EnableMode, OA_WriteToFile
OA_WriteToFile
unsigned int WINAPI OA_WriteToFile (const char * const FileName , unsigned int FileNameLen)
Description
This function will write a User defined list of modes to the User file. The Preset file will not
be affected.
Parameters
const char* const FileName: The name of the file to be written to.
unsigned int FileNameLen:
Return
File name string length.
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
All parameters accepted.
DRV_P1INVALID
Null filename
DRV_OA_INVALID_STRING_LENGTH
One or more of the string parameters has
an invalid length, i.e. > 255.
Data cannot be written to the Preset Andor
DRV_OA_INVALID_FILE
file.
DRV_ERROR_FILESAVE
Failed to save data to file.
DRV_OA_FILE_HAS_BEEN_MODIFIED
File to be written to has been modified
since last write, local copy of file may not
be the same.
DRV_OA_INVALID_CHARS_IN_NAME
See also
File name contains invalid characters.
OA_AddMode, OA_DeleteMode
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 180
FUNCTIONS
OutAuxPort
unsigned int WINAPI OutAuxPort(int port, int state)
Description
This function sets the TTL Auxiliary Output port (P) on the Andor plug-in card to either
ON/HIGH or OFF/LOW.
Parameters
int port: Number of AUX out port on Andor card
Valid Values 1 to 4
int state: state to put port in
Return
See also
0
OFF/LOW
all others
ON/HIGH
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
AUX port set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_VXDNOTINSTALLED
VxD not loaded.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid port id.
InAuxPort
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 181
FUNCTIONS
PrepareAcquisition
unsigned int WINAPI PrepareAcquisition(void)
Description
This function reads the current acquisition setup and allocates and configures any
memory that will be used during the acquisition. The function call is not required as it will
be called automatically by the StartAcquisition function if it has not already been called
externally.
However for long kinetic series acquisitions the time to allocate and configure any
memory can be quite long which can result in a long delay between calling
StartAcquisition and the acquisition actually commencing. For iDus, there is an additional
delay caused by the camera being set-up with any new acquisition parameters. Calling
PrepareAcquisition first will reduce this delay in the StartAcquisition call.
Parameters
NONE
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Acquisition prepared.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_VXDNOTINSTALLED
VxD not loaded.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_INIERROR
Error reading “DETECTOR.INI”.
DRV_ACQERROR
Acquisition settings invalid.
DRV_ERROR_PAGELOCK
Unable to allocate memory.
DRV_INVALID_FILTER
Filter not available for current acquisition.
DRV_IOCERROR
Integrate On Chip setup error.
DRV_BINNING_ERROR
Range not multiple of horizontal binning.
StartAcquisition, FreeInternalMemory,
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 182
FUNCTIONS
PostProcessCountConvert
unsigned int WINAPI PostProcessCountConvert(at_32 * InputImage, at_32 * OutputImage, int
OutputBufferSize, int NumImages, int Baseline, int Mode, int EmGain, float QE, float Sensitivity, int
Height, int Width)
Description
This function will convert the input image data to either Photons or Electrons based on
the mode selected by the user. The input data should be in counts.
Parameters
at32* InputImage:
The input image data to be processed.
at32* OutputImage:
The output buffer to return the processed image.
int OutputBufferSize:
The size of the output buffer.
int NumImages:
The number of images if a kinetic series is supplied as the input
data.
int Baseline:
The baseline associated with the image.
int Mode:
The mode to use to process the data. Valid options are:
1 – Convert to Electrons
2 – Convert to Photons
Return
int EmGain:
The gain level of the input image.
float QE:
The Quantum Efficiency of the sensor.
float Sensitivity:
The Sensitivity value used to acquire the image.
int Height:
The height of the image.
int Width:
The width of the image.
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Acquisition prepared.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid pointer (i.e. NULL).
DRV_P2INVALID
Invalid pointer (i.e. NULL).
DRV_P4INVALID
Number of images less than zero.
DRV_P5INVALID
Baseline less than zero.
DRV_P6INVALID
Invalid count convert mode.
DRV_P7INVALID
EMGain less than zero.
DRV_P8INVALID
QE less than zero.
DRV_P9INVALID
Sensitivity less than zero.
DRV_P10INVALID
Height less than zero.
DRV_P11INVALID
Width less than zero.
DRV_ERROR_BUFFSIZE
Output buffer size too small.
See also
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 183
FUNCTIONS
PostProcessNoiseFilter
unsigned int WINAPI PostProcessNoiseFilter(at_32 * InputImage, at_32 * OutputImage, int
OutputBufferSize, int Baseline, int Mode, float Threshold, int Height, int Width)
Description
This function will apply a filter to the input image and return the processed image in the
output buffer. The filter applied is chosen by the user by setting Mode to a permitted
value.
Parameters
at32* InputImage:
The input image data to be processed.
at32* OutputImage:
The output buffer to return the processed image.
int OutputBufferSize:
The size of the output buffer.
int Baseline:
The baseline associated with the image.
int Mode:
The mode to use to process the data. Valid options are:
1 – Use Median Filter.
2 – Use Level Above Filter.
3 – Use Interquartile Range Filter.
4 – Use Noise Threshold Filter.
float Threshold:
This is the Threshold multiplier for the Median, Interquartile
and Noise Threshold filters. For the Level Above filter this is
Threshold count above the baseline.
Return
int Height:
The height of the image.
int Width:
The width of the image.
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Acquisition prepared.
DRV_NOT_SUPPORTED
Camera does not support Noise filter processing.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid pointer (i.e. NULL).
DRV_P2INVALID
Invalid pointer (i.e. NULL).
DRV_P4INVALID
Baseline less than zero.
DRV_P5INVALID
Invalid Filter mode.
DRV_P6INVALID
Threshold value not valid for selected mode.
DRV_P7INVALID
Height less than zero.
DRV_P8INVALID
Width less than zero.
DRV_ERROR_BUFFSIZE
Output buffer size too small.
See also
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 184
FUNCTIONS
PostProcessPhotonCounting
unsigned int WINAPI PostProcessPhotonCounting(at_32 * InputImage, at_32 * OutputImage, int
OutputBufferSize, int NumImages, int NumFrames, int NumberOfThresholds, float * Threshold, int
Height, int Width)
Description
This function will convert the input image data to photons and return the processed
image in the output buffer.
Parameters
at32* InputImage:
The input image data to be processed.
at32* OutputImage:
The output buffer to return the processed image.
int OutputBufferSize:
The size of the output buffer.
int NumImages:
The number of images if a kinetic series is supplied as the input
int NumFrames:
The number of frames per output image.
data.
int NumberOfThresholds:
Return
The number of thresholds provided by the user.
float * Threshold:
The Thresholds used to define a photon.
int Height:
The height of the image.
int Width:
The width of the image.
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Acquisition prepared.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid pointer (i.e. NULL).
DRV_P2INVALID
Invalid pointer (i.e. NULL).
DRV_P4INVALID
Number of images less than zero.
DRV_P5INVALID
Invalid Number of Frames requested.
DRV_P6INVALID
Invalid number of thresholds.
DRV_P7INVALID
Invalid pointer (i.e. NULL).
DRV_P8INVALID
Height less than zero.
DRV_P9INVALID
Width less than zero.
DRV_ERROR_BUFFSIZE
Output buffer size too small.
See also
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 185
FUNCTIONS
SaveAsBmp
unsigned int WINAPI SaveAsBmp(char* path, char* palette, long ymin, long ymax)
Description
This function saves the last acquisition as a bitmap file, which can be loaded into an
imaging package. The palette parameter specifies the location of a .PAL file, which
describes the colors to use in the bitmap. This file consists of 256 lines of ASCII text;
each line containing three numbers separated by spaces indicating the red, green and
blue component of the respective color value.
The ymin and ymax parameters indicate which data values will map to the first and last
colors in the palette:
Parameters
•
All data values below or equal to ymin will be colored with the first color.
•
All values above or equal to ymax will be colored with the last color
•
All other palette colors will be scaled across values between these limits.
char* path: The filename of the bitmap.
char* palette: The filename of a palette file (.PAL) for applying color to the bitmap.
long ymin, long ymax: Range of data values that palette will be scaled across. If set to 0,
0 the palette will scale across the full range of values.
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Data successfully saved as bitmap.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_P1INVALID
Path invalid.
DRV_ERROR_PAGELOCK
See also
File too large to be generated in memory.
SaveAsSif SaveAsEDF SaveAsFITS SaveAsRaw SaveAsSPC SaveAsTiff
NOTE: If the last acquisition was in Kinetic Series mode, each image will be saved in a separate
Bitmap file. The filename specified will have an index number appended to it, indicating the position
in the series.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 186
FUNCTIONS
SaveAsCommentedSif
unsigned int WINAPI SaveAsCommentedSif(char* path, char* comment)
Description
This function will save the data from the last acquisition into a file. The comment text will
be added to the user text portion of the Sif file.
Parameters
char* path: pointer to a filename specified by the user.
char* comment: comment text to add to the sif file
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Data saved.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid filename.
SetSifComment SaveAsSif SaveAsEDF SaveAsFITS SaveAsRaw SaveAsSPC
SaveAsTiff SaveAsBmp
NOTE: The comment used in SIF files created with this function is discarded once the call
completes, i.e. future calls to SaveAsSif will not use this comment. To set a persistent comment use
the SetSifComment function.
SaveAsEDF
unsigned int WINAPI SaveAsEDF (char* szPath, int iMode)
Description
This function saves the last acquisition in the European Synchotron Radiation Facility
Data Format (*.edf).
Parameters
char* szPath: the filename to save too.
int iMode: option to save to multiple files.
Valid values: 0 Save to 1 file
1 Save kinetic series to multiple files
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Data successfully saved.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_P1INVALID
Path invalid.
DRV_P2INVALID
Invalid mode
DRV_ERROR_PAGELOCK
File too large to be generated in memory.
SaveAsSif SaveAsFITS SaveAsRaw SaveAsSPC SaveAsTiff SaveAsBmp
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 187
FUNCTIONS
SaveAsFITS
unsigned int WINAPI SaveAsFITS (char* szFileTitle, int typ)
Description
This function saves the last acquisition in the FITS (Flexible Image Transport System)
Data Format (*.fits) endorsed by NASA.
Parameters
char* szFileTitle: the filename to save too.
int typ:
Valid values: 0 Unsigned 16
1 Unsigned 32
2 Signed 16
3 Signed 32
4 Float
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Data successfully saved.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_P1INVALID
Path invalid.
DRV_P2INVALID
Invalid mode
DRV_ERROR_PAGELOCK
File too large to be generated in memory.
SaveAsSif SaveAsEDF SaveAsRaw SaveAsSPC SaveAsTiff SaveAsBmp
SaveAsRaw
unsigned int WINAPI SaveAsRaw(char* szFileTitle, int typ)
Description
This function saves the last acquisition as a raw data file.
Parameters
char* szFileTitle: the filename to save too.
int typ:
Valid values: 1 Signed 16
2 Signed 32
3 Float
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Data successfully saved.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_P1INVALID
Path invalid.
DRV_P2INVALID
Invalid mode
DRV_ERROR_PAGELOCK
File too large to be generated in memory
SaveAsSif SaveAsEDF SaveAsFITS SaveAsSPC SaveAsTiff SaveAsBmp
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 188
FUNCTIONS
SaveAsSif
unsigned int WINAPI SaveAsSif(char* path)
Description
This function will save the data from the last acquisition into a file, which can be read in
by
the
main
application.
User
text
can
be
added
to
sif
files
using
the
SaveAsCommentedSif and SetSifComment functions.
Parameters
char* path: pointer to a filename specified by the user.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Data saved.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid filename.
DRV_ERROR_PAGELOCK
File too large to be generated in memory.
SaveAsEDF SaveAsFITS SaveAsRaw SaveAsSPC SaveAsTiff SaveAsBmp
SetSifComment, SaveAsCommentedSif
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 189
FUNCTIONS
SaveAsSPC
unsigned int WINAPI SaveAsSPC (char* path)
Description
This function saves the last acquisition in the GRAMS .spc file format
Parameters
char* path: the filename to save too.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Data successfully saved.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_P1INVALID
Path invalid.
DRV_ERROR_PAGELOCK
File too large to be generated in memory.
SaveAsSif SaveAsEDF SaveAsFITS SaveAsRaw SaveAsTiff SaveAsBmp
SaveAsTiff
unsigned int WINAPI SaveAsTiff(char* path, char* palette, int position, int typ)
Description
This function saves the last acquisition as a tiff file, which can be loaded into an imaging
package. The palette parameter specifies the location of a .PAL file, which describes the
colors to use in the tiff. This file consists of 256 lines of ASCII text; each line containing
three numbers separated by spaces indicating the red, green and blue component of the
respective color value.
The parameter position can be changed to export different scans in a kinetic series. If the
acquisition is any other mode, position should be set to 1. The parameter typ can be set
to 0, 1 or 2 which correspond to 8-bit, 16-bit and color, respectively
Parameters
char* path: The filename of the tiff.
char* palette: The filename of a palette file (.PAL) for applying color to the tiff.
int position: The number in the series, should be 1 for a single scan.
int typ: The type of tiff file to create.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Data successfully saved as tiff.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_P1INVALID
Path invalid.
DRV_P2INVALID
Invalid palette file
DRV_P3INVALID
position out of range
DRV_P4INVALID
type not valid
DRV_ERROR_PAGELOCK
File too large to be generated in memory.
SaveAsSif SaveAsEDF SaveAsFITS SaveAsRaw SaveAsSPC SaveAsBmp
SaveAsTiffEx
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 190
FUNCTIONS
SaveAsTiffEx
unsigned int WINAPI SaveAsTiffEx(char* path, char* palette, int position, int typ, int mode)
Description
This function saves the last acquisition as a tiff file, which can be loaded into an imaging
package. This is an extended version of the SaveAsTiff function. The palette parameter
specifies the location of a .PAL file, which describes the colors to use in the tiff. This file
consists of 256 lines of ASCII text; each line containing three numbers separated by
spaces indicating the red, green and blue component of the respective color value. The
parameter position can be changed to export different scans in a kinetic series. If the
acquisition is any other mode, position should be set to 1. The parameter typ can be set to
0, 1 or 2 which correspond to 8-bit, 16-bit and color, respectively. The mode parameter
specifies the mode of output. Data can be output scaled from the min and max count
values across the entire range of values (mode 0) or can remain unchanged (mode 1).Of
course if the count value is higher or lower than the output data range then even in mode 1
data will be scaled.
Parameters
char* path: The filename of the tiff.
char* palette: The filename of a palette file (.PAL) for applying color to the tiff.
int position: The number in the series, should be 1 for a single scan.
int typ: The type of tiff file to create.
int mode: The output mode
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Data successfully saved as tiff
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_P1INVALID
Path invalid.
DRV_P2INVALID
Invalid palette file
DRV_P3INVALID
position out of range
DRV_P4INVALIDDRV_P5INVALID
type not validmode not valid
DRV_ERROR_PAGELOCK
File too large to be generated in memory
SaveAsSif SaveAsEDF SaveAsFITS SaveAsRaw SaveAsSPC SaveAsTiff SaveAsBmp
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 191
FUNCTIONS
SaveEEPROMToFile
unsigned int WINAPI SaveEEPROMToFile(char *cFileName)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
SaveToClipBoard
unsigned int WINAPI SaveToClipBoard(char* palette)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
SelectDevice
unsigned int WINAPI SelectDevice(int devNum)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
SendSoftwareTrigger
unsigned int WINAPI SendSoftwareTrigger ()
Description
This function sends an event to the camera to take an acquisition when in Software
Trigger mode. Not all cameras have this mode available to them. To check if your camera
can operate in this mode check the GetCapabilities function for the Trigger Mode
AC_TRIGGERMODE_CONTINUOUS. If this mode is physically possible and other
settings are suitable (IsTriggerModeAvailable) and the camera is acquiring then this
command will take an acquisition.
Parameters
NONE
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Trigger sent
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized
DRV_INVALID_MODE
Not in SoftwareTrigger mode
DRV_IDLE
Not Acquiring
DRV_ERROR_CODES
Error communicating with camera
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Previous acquisition not complete
GetCapabilities, IsTriggerModeAvailable, SetAcquisitionMode, SetReadMode,
SetTriggerMode
NOTES
The settings of the camera must be as follows:
ReadOut mode is full image
RunMode is Run Till Abort
TriggerMode is 10
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 192
FUNCTIONS
SetAccumulationCycleTime
unsigned int WINAPI SetAccumulationCycleTime(float time)
Description
This function will set the accumulation cycle time to the nearest valid value not less than
the given value. The actual cycle time used is obtained by GetAcquisitionTimings. Please
refer to SECTION 5 – ACQUISITION MODES for further information.
Parameters
float time: the accumulation cycle time in seconds.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Cycle time accepted.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Exposure time invalid.
SetNumberAccumulations, GetAcquisitionTimings
SetAcqStatusEvent
unsigned int WINAPI SetAcqStatusEvent(HANDLE statusEvent)
Description
This function passes a Win32 Event handle to the driver via which the driver can inform
the user software that the camera has started exposing or that the camera has finished
exposing.
To
determine
what
event
has
actually
occurred
call
the
GetCameraEventStatus funtion. This may give the user software an opportunity to
perform other actions that will not affect the readout of the current acquisition. The
SetPCIMode function must be called to enable/disable the events from the driver.
Parameters
HANDLE statusEvent: Win32 event handle.
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Mode set
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized
DRV_NOT_SUPPORTED
Function not supported for operating system
See also
GetCameraEventStatus SetPCIMode
NOTE
This is only available with the CCI23 PCI card.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 193
FUNCTIONS
SetAcquisitionMode
unsigned int WINAPI SetAcquisitionMode(int mode)
Description
This function will set the acquisition mode to be used on the next StartAcquisition.
Parameters
int mode: the acquisition mode.
Valid values:
Return
See also
1
Single Scan
2
Accumulate
3
Kinetics
4
Fast Kinetics
5
Run till abort
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Acquisition mode set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Acquisition Mode invalid.
StartAcquisition
NOTE: In Mode 5 the system uses a “Run Till Abort” acquisition mode. In Mode 5 only, the camera
continually acquires data until the AbortAcquisition function is called. By using the SetDriverEvent
function you will be notified as each acquisition is completed.
SetAcquisitionType
unsigned int WINAPI SetAcquisitionType (int typ)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
SetADChannel
unsigned int WINAPI SetADChannel(int channel)
Description
This function will set the AD channel to one of the possible A-Ds of the system. This AD
channel will be used for all subsequent operations performed by the system.
Parameters
int index: the channel to be used
Valid values: 0 to GetNumberADChannels-1
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
AD channel set.
DRV_P1INVALID
Index is out off range.
GetNumberADChannels
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 194
FUNCTIONS
SetAdvancedTriggerModeState
unsigned int WINAPI SetAdvancedTriggerModeState (int iState)
Description
This function will set the state for the iCam functionality that some cameras are capable
of. There may be some cases where we wish to prevent the software using the new
functionality and just do it the way it was previously done.
Parameters
int iState:
0: turn off iCam
1: Enable iCam.
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
State set
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized
DRV_P1INVALID
state invalid
See also
iCam
NOTE
By default the advanced trigger functionality is enabled.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 195
FUNCTIONS
SetBackground
unsigned int WINAPI SetBackground(at_32* arr, unsigned long size)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
SetBaselineClamp
unsigned int WINAPI SetBaselineClamp(int state)
Description
This function turns on and off the baseline clamp functionality. With this feature enabled
the baseline level of each scan in a kinetic series will be more consistent across the
sequence.
Parameters
int state: Enables/Disables Baseline clamp functionality
1 – Enable Baseline Clamp
0 – Disable Baseline Clamp
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Parameters set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_NOT_SUPPORTED
Baseline Clamp not supported on this camera
DRV_P1INVALID
State parameter was not zero or one.
SetBaselineOffset
unsigned int WINAPI SetBaselineOffset(int offset)
Description
This function allows the user to move the baseline level by the amount selected. For
example “+100” will add approximately 100 counts to the default baseline value. The
value entered should be a multiple of 100 between -1000 and +1000 inclusively.
Parameters
Int offset: Amount to offset baseline by
Return
unsigned int
NOTE
DRV_SUCCESS
Parameters set
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized
DRV_NOT_AVAILABLE
Baseline Clamp not available for this camera
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress
DRV_P1INVALID
Offset out of range
Only available on iXon range
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 196
FUNCTIONS
SetCameraStatusEnable
unsigned int WINAPI SetCameraStatusEnable(DWORD Enable)
Description
Use this function to Mask out certain types of acquisition status events. The default is to
notify on every type of event but this may cause missed events if different types of event
occur very close together. The bits in the mask correspond to the following event types:
0 – Fire pulse down event
1 – Fire pulse up event
Set the corresponding bit to 0 to disable the event type and 1 to enable the event type.
Parameters
DWORD Enable: bitmask with bits set for those events about which you wish to be
notified.
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Mask Set.
DRV_VXDNOTINSTALLED
Device Driver not installed.
See also
SetAcqStatusEvent SetPCIMode
NOTE
Only available with PCI systems using the CCI-23 controller card
Fire pulse up event not available on USB systems.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 197
FUNCTIONS
SetComplexImage
unsigned int WINAPI SetComplexImage(int numAreas, int* areas)
Description
This is a function that allows the setting up of random tracks with more options that the
SetRandomTracks function.
The minimum number of tracks is 1. The maximum number of tracks is the number of
vertical pixels.
There is a further limit to the number of tracks that can be set due to memory constraints
in the camera. It is not a fixed number but depends upon the combinations of the tracks.
For example, 20 tracks of different heights will take up more memory than 20 tracks of
the same height.
If attempting to set a series of random tracks and the return code equals
DRV_RANDOM_TRACK_ERROR, change the makeup of the tracks to have more
repeating heights and gaps so less memory is needed.
Each track must be defined by a group of six integers.
-The top and bottom positions of the tracks.
-The left and right positions for the area of interest within each track
-The horizontal and vertical binning for each track.
The positions of the tracks are validated to ensure that the tracks are in increasing order.
The left and right positions for each track must be the same.
For iXon the range is between 8 and CCD width, inclusive
For idus the range must be between 257 and CCD width, inclusive.
Horizontal binning must be an integer between 1 and 64 inclusive, for iXon.
Horizontal binning is not implementated for iDus and must be set to 1.
Vertical binning is used in the following way. A track of:
1 10 1 1024 1 2
is actually implemented as 5 tracks of height 2. . Note that a vertical binning of 1 will have
the effect of vertically binning the entire track; otherwise vertical binning will operate as
normal.
1 2 1 1024 1 1
3 4 1 1024 1 1
5 6 1 1024 1 1
7 8 1 1024 1 1
9 10 1 1024 1 1
Parameters
int numAreas:
int * areas:
Return
Unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Success
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Number of tracks invalid.
DRV_P2INVALID
Track positions invalid.
DRV_ERROR_FILELOAD
Serious internal error
DRV_RANDOM_TRACK_ERROR
Invalid combination of tracks, out of memory or
mode not available.
See also
SetRandomTracks
NOTE
Only available with iXon+ and USB cameras.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 198
FUNCTIONS
SetCoolerMode
unsigned int WINAPI SetCoolerMode(int mode)
Description
This function determines whether the cooler is switched off when the camera is shut
down.
Parameters
int mode:
1 – Temperature is maintained on ShutDown
0 – Returns to ambient temperature on ShutDown
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Parameters set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
State parameter was not zero or one.
DRV_NOT_SUPPORTED
Camera does not support
NOTE: Mode 0 not available on Luca R cameras – always cooled to -20.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 199
FUNCTIONS
SetCountConvertMode
unsigned int WINAPI SetCountConvertMode(int mode)
Description
This function configures the Count Convert mode.
Parameters
int mode:
0 – Data in Counts
1 – Data in Electrons
2 – Data in Photons
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Count Convert mode set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_NOT_AVAILABLE
Count Convert not available for this camera
DRV_P1INVALID
Mode parameter was out of range.
GetCapabilities, SetCountConvertWavelength
SetCountConvertWavelength
unsigned int WINAPI SetCountConvertWavelength(float wavelength)
Description
This function configures the wavelength used in Count Convert mode.
Parameters
float wavelength: wavelength used to determine QE
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Count Convert wavelength set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_NOT_AVAILABLE
Count Convert not available for this camera
DRV_P1INVALID
Wavelength value was out of range.
GetCapabilities, SetCountConvertMode
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 200
FUNCTIONS
SetCropMode
unsigned int WINAPI SetCropMode (int active, int cropHeight, int reserved)
Description
This function effectively reduces the height of the CCD by excluding some rows to
achieve higher frame rates. This is currently only available on Newton cameras when the
selected read mode is Full Vertical Binning. The cropHeight is the number of active rows
measured from the bottom of the CCD.
Note: it is important to ensure that no light falls on the excluded region otherwise the
acquired data will be corrupted.
Parameters
int active: 1 - Crop mode is ON
0 – Crop mode is OFF
int cropHeight: The selected crop height. This value must be between 1 and the CCD
height
int reserved: This value should be set to 0.
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Parameters set.
DRV_NOT_INITIAILIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Active parameter is not zero or one.
DRV_P2INVALID
Cropheight parameter is less than one or greater than
the CCD height.
DRV_P3INVALID
Reserved parameter is not equal to zero.
DRV_NOT_SUPPORTED
Either the camera is not a Newton or the read mode is
not Full Vertical Binning.
See also
GetDetector SetIsolatedCropMode
NOTE : Available on Newton
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 201
FUNCTIONS
SetCurrentCamera
unsigned int WINAPI SetCurrentCamera(long cameraHandle)
Description
When multiple Andor cameras are installed this function allows the user to select which
camera is currently active. Once a camera has been selected the other functions can be
called as normal but they will only apply to the selected camera. If only 1 camera is
installed calling this function is not required since that camera will be selected by default.
Parameters
long cameraHandle: Selects the active camera
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
DRV_P1INVALID
Camera successfully selected.
Invalid camera handle.
SEE ALSO : GetCurrentCamera, GetAvailableCameras, GetCameraHandle
SetCustomTrackHBin
unsigned int WINAPI SetCustomTrackHBin(int bin)
Description
This function sets the horizontal binning value to be used when the readout mode is set
to Random Track.
Parameters
Int bin: Binning size.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Binning set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid binning size.
SetReadMode
NOTE: For iDus, it is recommended that you set horizontal binning to 1
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 202
FUNCTIONS
SetDACOutputScale
unsigned int WINAPI SetDACOutputScale(int scale)
Description
Clara offers 2 configurable precision 16-bit DAC outputs. This function should be used to
select the active one.
Parameters
int scale: 5 or 10 volt DAC range (1/2).
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
DAC Scale option accepted.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_NOT_AVAILABLE
Feature not available
DRV_P1INVALID
DAC Scale value invalid.
SetDACOutput
NOTE: Only available on Andor Clara
SetDACOutput
unsigned int WINAPI SetDACOutput(int option, int resolution, int value)
Description
Clara offers 2 configurable precision 16-bit DAC outputs. This function should be used to
set the required voltage.
Parameters
int option: DAC Output Scale 1 or 2 (1/2).
int resolution: resolution of DAC can be set from 2 to 16-bit in steps of 2
int value: requested DAC value (for particular resolution)
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
DAC Scale option accepted.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_NOT_AVAILABLE
Feature not available.
DRV_P1INVALID
DAC range value invalid.
DRV_P2INVALID
Resolution unavailable.
DRV_P3INVALID
Requested value not within DAC range.
SetDACOutputScale
NOTE: Only available on Andor Clara
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 203
FUNCTIONS
SetDataType
unsigned int WINAPI SetDataType (int typ)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
SetDDGAddress
unsigned int WINAPI SetDDGAddress(BYTE t0, BYTE t1, BYTE t2, BYTE t3, BYTE address)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
SetDDGGain
unsigned int WINAPI SetDDGGain(int gain)
Description
Deprecated for SetMCPGain.
SetDDGGateStep
unsigned int WINAPI SetDDGGateStep(double step_Renamed)
Description
This function will set a constant value for the gate step in a kinetic series. The lowest
available resolution is 25 picoseconds and the maximum permitted value is 25 seconds.
Parameters
double step_Renamed: gate step in picoseconds.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Gate step set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_P1INVALID
Gate step invalid.
SetDDGTimes, SetDDGVariableGateStep
NOTE: Available on iStar.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 204
FUNCTIONS
SetDDGInsertionDelay
unsigned int WINAPI SetDDGInsertionDelay(int state)
Description
This function controls the length of the insertion delay.
Parameters
int state: NORMAL/FAST switch for insertion delay.
Valid values: 0
1
Return
See also
to set normal insertion delay.
to set fast insertion delay.
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Value for delay accepted.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_I2CTIMEOUT
I2C command timed out.
DRV_I2CDEVNOTFOUND
I2C device not present.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
SetDDGIntelligate
NOTE: Available on iStar.
SetDDGIntelligate
unsigned int WINAPI SetDDGIntelligate(int state)
Description
This function controls the MCP gating. Not available when the fast insertion delay option
is selected.
Parameters
int state: ON/OFF switch for the MCP gating.
Valid values: 0
to switch MCP gating OFF.
1
to switch MCP gating ON.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Intelligate option accepted.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_I2CTIMEOUT
I2C command timed out.
DRV_I2CDEVNOTFOUND
I2C device not present.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
SetDDGInsertionDelay
NOTE: Available on iStar.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 205
FUNCTIONS
SetDDGIOC
unsigned int WINAPI SetDDGIOC(int state)
Description
This function activates the integrate on chip (IOC) option.
Parameters
int integrate: ON/OFF switch for the IOC option.
Valid values: 0
to switch IOC OFF.
1
to switch IOC ON.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
IOC option accepted.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_I2CTIMEOUT
I2C command timed out.
DRV_I2CDEVNOTFOUND
I2C device not present.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
SetDDGIOCFrequency GetDDGIOCFrequency SetDDGIOCNumber
GetDDGIOCNumber GetDDGIOCPulses
NOTE: Available on iStar.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 206
FUNCTIONS
SetDDGIOCFrequency
unsigned int WINAPI SetDDGIOCFrequency(double frequency)
Description
This function sets the frequency of the integrate on chip option. It should be called once
the conditions of the experiment have been setup in order for correct operation. The
frequency should be limited to 5000Hz when Intelligate is activated to prevent damage to
the head and 50000Hz otherwise to prevent the gater from overheating. The
recommended order is
…
Experiment setup (exposure time, readout mode, gate parameters, …)
…
SetDDGIOCFrequency (x)
SetDDGIOC(true)
GetDDGIOCPulses(y)
StartAcquisition()
Parameters
double frequency: frequency of IOC option in Hz.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Value for frequency accepted.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_I2CTIMEOUT
I2C command timed out.
DRV_I2CDEVNOTFOUND
I2C device not present.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
GetDDGIOCFrequency SetDDGIOCNumber GetDDGIOCNumber GetDDGIOCPulses
SetDDGIOC
NOTE: Available on iStar.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 207
FUNCTIONS
SetDDGIOCNumber
unsigned int WINAPI SetDDGIOCNumber(unsigned long numberPulses)
Description
This function allows the user to limit the number of pulses used in the integrate on chip
option at a given frequency. It should be called once the conditions of the experiment
have been setup in order for correct operation.
Parameters
unsigned long numberPulses: the number of integrate on chip pulses triggered within the
fire pulse.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Value for IOC number accepted
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress
DRV_I2CTIMEOUT
I2C command timed out
DRV_I2CDEVNOTFOUND
I2C device not present
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card
SetDDGIOCFrequency GetDDGIOCFrequency GetDDGIOCNumber GetDDGIOCPulses
SetDDGIOC
NOTE: Available on iStar.
SetDDGTimes
unsigned int WINAPI SetDDGTimes(double t0, double t1, double t2)
Description
This function sets the properties of the gate pulse. t0 has a resolution of 16 nanoseconds
whilst t1 and t2 have a resolution of 25 picoseconds.
Parameters
double t0: output A delay in nanoseconds.
double t1: gate delay in picoseconds.
double t2: pulse width in picoseconds.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Values for gate pulse accepted.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_I2CTIMEOUT
I2C command timed out.
DRV_I2CDEVNOTFOUND
I2C device not present.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
P1_INVALID
Invalid output A delay.
P2_INVALID
Invalid gate delay.
P3_INVALID
Invalid pulse width.
SetDDGGateStep
NOTE: Available on iStar.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 208
FUNCTIONS
SetDDGTriggerMode
unsigned int WINAPI SetDDGTriggerMode(int mode)
Description
This function will set the trigger mode of the internal delay generator to either Internal or
External
Parameters
int mode: trigger mode
Valid values:
Return
0
Internal
1
External
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Trigger mode set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_P1INVALID
Trigger mode invalid.
NOTE: Available on iStar.
SetDDGVariableGateStep
unsigned int WINAPI SetDDGVariableGateStep(int mode, double p1, double p2)
Description
This function will set a varying value for the gate step in a kinetic series. The lowest
available resolution is 25 picoseconds and the maximum permitted value is 25 seconds.
Parameters
int mode: the gate step mode.
Valid values: 1
Exponential (p1*exp(p2*n))
2
Logarithmic (p1*log(p2*n))
3
Linear (p1 + p2*n)
n = 1, 2, …, number in kinetic series
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Gate step mode set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_P1INVALID
Gate step mode invalid.
StartAcquisition
NOTE: Available on iStar.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 209
FUNCTIONS
SetDelayGenerator
unsigned int WINAPI SetDelayGenerator(int board, short address, int typ)
Description
This function sets parameters to control the delay generator through the GPIB card in
your computer.
Parameters
int board: The GPIB board number of the card used to interface with the Delay
Generator.
short address: The number that allows the GPIB board to identify and send commands to
the delay generator.
Int typ: The type of your Delay Generator.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Delay Generator set up.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
GPIB board invalid.
DRV_P2INVALID
GPIB address invalid
DRV_P3INVALID
Delay generator type invalid.
SetGate
NOTE: Available on ICCD.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 210
FUNCTIONS
SetDMAParameters
unsigned int WINAPI SetDMAParameters(int MaxImagesPerDMA, float SecondsPerDMA)
Description
In order to facilitate high image readout rates the controller card may wait for multiple
images to be acquired before notifying the SDK that new data is available. Without this
facility, there is a chance that hardware interrupts may be lost as the operating system
does not have enough time to respond to each interrupt. The drawback to this is that you
will not get the data for an image until all images for that interrupt have been acquired.
There are 3 settings involved in determining how many images will be acquired for each
notification (DMA Interrupt) of the controller card and they are as follows:
1. The size of the DMA buffer gives an upper limit on the number of images that
can be stored within it and is usually set to the size of one full image when
installing the software. This will usually mean that if you acquire full frames there
will never be more than one image per DMA.
2. A second setting that is used is the maximum amount of time(SecondsPerDMA)
that should expire between interrupts. This can be used to give an indication of
the reponsiveness of the operating system to interrupts. Decreasing this value
will allow more interrupts per second and should only be done for faster pcs. The
default value is 0.03s (30ms), finding the optimal value for your pc can only be
done through experimentation.
3. The third setting is an overide to the number of images calculated using the
previous settings. If the number of images per dma is calculated to be greater
than MaxImagesPerDMA then it will be reduced to MaxImagesPerDMA. This can
be used to, for example, ensure that there is never more than 1 image per DMA
by setting MaxImagesPerDMA to 1. Setting MaxImagesPerDMA to zero removes
this limit. Care should be taken when modifying these parameters as missed
interrupts may prevent the acquisition from completing.
Parameters
int MaxImagesPerDMA: Override to the number of images per DMA if the calculated
value is higher than this. (Default=0, ie. no override)
float SecondsPerDMA: Minimum amount of time to elapse between interrrupts.
(Default=0.03s)
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
DMA Parameters setup successfully.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_P1INVALID
MaxImagesPerDMA invalid
DRV_P2INVALID
SecondsPerDMA invalid
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 211
FUNCTIONS
SetDriverEvent
unsigned int WINAPI SetDriverEvent(HANDLE driverEvent)
Description
This function passes a Win32 Event handle to the SDK via which the the user software
can be informed that something has occurred. For example the SDK can “set” the event
when an acquisition has completed thus relieving the user code of having to continually
pole to check on the status of the acquisition.
The event will be “set” under the follow conditions:
1) Acquisition completed or aborted.
2) As each scan during an acquisition is completed.
3) Temperature as stabilized, drifted from stabilization or could not be reached.
When an event is triggered the user software can then use other SDK functions to
determine what actually happened.
Condition 1 and 2 can be tested via GetStatus function, while condition 3 checked via
GetTemperature function.
You must reset the event after it has been handled in order to receive additional triggers.
Before deleting the event you must call SetDriverEvent with NULL as the parameter.
Parameters
HANDLE driverEvent: Win32 event handle.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Event set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_NOT_SUPPORTED
Function not supported for operating system
GetStatus GetTemperature GetAcquisitionProgress
NOTE: Not all programming environments allow the use of multiple threads and WIN32 events.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 212
FUNCTIONS
SetDualExposureMode
unsigned int WINAPI SetDualExposureMode(int mode)
Description
This function turns on and off the option to acquire 2 frames for each external trigger
pulse. This mode is only available for certain sensors in run till abort mode, external
trigger, full image.
Parameters
int state: Enables/Disables dual exposure mode
1 – Enable mode
0 – Disable mode
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Parameters set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_NOT_SUPPORTED
Dual exposure mode not supported on this camera.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Mode parameter was not zero or one.
GetCapabilities, SetDualExposureTimes, GetDualExposureTimes
SetDualExposureTimes
unsigned int WINAPI SetDualExposureTimes(float exposure1, float exposure2)
Description
This function configures the two exposure times used in dual exposure mode. This mode
is only available for certain sensors in run till abort mode, external trigger, full image.
Parameters
float exposure1: the exposure time in seconds for each odd numbered frame.
float exposure2: the exposure time in seconds for each even numbered frame.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Parameters set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_NOT_SUPPORTED
Dual exposure mode not supported on this camera.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
First exposure out of range.
DRV_P2INVALID
Second exposure out of range.
GetCapabilities, SetDualExposureMode, GetDualExposureTimes
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 213
FUNCTIONS
SetEMAdvanced
unsigned int WINAPI SetEMAdvanced(int state)
Description
This function turns on and off access to higher EM gain levels within the SDK. Typically,
optimal signal to noise ratio and dynamic range is achieved between x1 to x300 EM Gain.
Higher gains of > x300 are recommended for single photon counting only. Before using
higher levels, you should ensure that light levels do not exceed the regime of tens of
photons per pixel, otherwise accelerated ageing of the sensor can occur.
Parameters
int state: Enables/Disables access to higher EM gain levels
1 – Enable access
0 – Disable access
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Parameters set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_NOT_AVAILABLE
Advanced EM gain not available for this camera.
DRV_ACQUIRING.
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
State parameter was not zero or one.
GetCapabilities, GetEMCCDGain, SetEMCCDGain, SetEMGainMode
SetEMCCDGain
unsigned int WINAPI SetEMCCDGain(int gain)
Description
Allows the user to change the gain value. The valid range for the gain depends on what
gain mode the camera is operating in. See SetEMGainMode to set the mode and
GetEMGainRange to get the valid range to work with. To access higher gain values
(>x300) see SetEMAdvanced.
Parameters
int gain: amount of gain applied.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Value for gain accepted.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_I2CTIMEOUT
I2C command timed out.
DRV_I2CDEVNOTFOUND
I2C device not present.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_P1INVALID
Gain value invalid.
GetEMCCDGain SetEMGainMode GetEMGainRange SetEMAdvanced
NOTE: Only available on EMCCD sensor systems.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 214
FUNCTIONS
SetEMClockCompensation
unsigned int WINAPI SetEMClockCompensation(int EMClockCompensationFlag)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
SetEMGainMode
unsigned int WINAPI SetEMGainMode(int mode)
Description
Set the EM Gain mode to one of the following possible settings.
Mode 0: The EM Gain is controlled by DAC settings in the range 0-255. Default mode.
1: The EM Gain is controlled by DAC settings in the range 0-4095.
2: Linear mode.
3: Real EM gain
To access higher gain values (if available) it is necessary to enable advanced EM gain,
see SetEMAdvanced.
Parameters
int mode: EM Gain mode.
Return
DRV_SUCCESS
Mode set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
EM Gain mode invalid.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 215
FUNCTIONS
SetExposureTime
unsigned int WINAPI SetExposureTime(float time)
Description
This function will set the exposure time to the nearest valid value not less than the given
value. The actual exposure time used is obtained by GetAcquisitionTimings. . Please
refer to SECTION 5 – ACQUISITION MODES for further information.
Parameters
float time: the exposure time in seconds.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Exposure time accepted.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Exposure Time invalid.
GetAcquisitionTimings
NOTE: For Classics, if the current acquisition mode is Single-Track, Multi-Track or Image then this
function will actually set the Shutter Time. The actual exposure time used is obtained from the
GetAcquisitionTimings function.
SetFanMode
unsigned int WINAPI SetFanMode(int mode)
Description
Allows the user to control the mode of the camera fan. If the system is cooled, the fan
should only be turned off for short periods of time. During this time the body of the
camera will warm up which could compromise cooling capabilities.
If the camera body reaches too high a temperature, depends on camera, the buzzer will
sound. If this happens, turn off the external power supply and allow the system to
stabilize before continuing.
Parameters
int mode: fan on full (0)
fan on low (1)
fan off (2)
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Value for mode accepted.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_I2CTIMEOUT
I C command timed out.
DRV_I2CDEVNOTFOUND
I C device not present.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_P1INVALID
Mode value invalid.
2
2
GetCapabilities
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 216
FUNCTIONS
SetFastKinetics
unsigned int WINAPI SetFastKinetics(int exposedRows int seriesLength, float time, int mode, int
hbin, int vbin)
Description
This function will set the parameters to be used when taking a fast kinetics acquisition.
Parameters
int exposedRows: sub-area height in rows.
int seriesLength: number in series.
float time: exposure time in seconds.
int mode: binning mode (0 – FVB , 4 – Image).
int hbin: horizontal binning.
int vbin: vertical binning (only used when in image mode).
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
All parameters accepted.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid height.
DRV_P2INVALID
Invalid number in series.
DRV_P3INVALID
Exposure time must be greater than 0.
DRV_P4INVALID
Mode must be equal to 0 or 4.
DRV_P5INVALID
Horizontal binning.
DRV_P6INVALID
Vertical binning.
SetFKVShiftSpeed SetFastKineticsEx
NOTE: For classic cameras the vertical and horizontal binning must be 1
For iDus, it is recommended that you set horizontal binning to 1
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 217
FUNCTIONS
SetFastKineticsEx
unsigned int WINAPI SetFastKineticsEx(int exposedRows, int seriesLength, float time, int mode, int
hbin, int vbin, int offset)
Description
This function is the same as SetFastKinetics with the addition of an Offset parameter,
which will inform the SDK of the first row to be used.
Parameters
int exposedRows: sub-area height in rows.
int seriesLength: number in series.
float time: exposure time in seconds.
int mode: binning mode (0 – FVB , 4 – Image).
int hbin: horizontal binning.
int vbin: vertical binning (only used when in image mode).
Int offset: offset of first row to be used in Fast Kinetics from the bottom of the CCD.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
All parameters accepted.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid height.
DRV_P2INVALID
Invalid number in series.
DRV_P3INVALID
Exposure time must be greater than 0.
DRV_P4INVALID
Mode must be equal to 0 or 4.
DRV_P5INVALID
Horizontal binning.
DRV_P6INVALID
Vertical binning.
DRV_P7INVALID
Offset not within CCD limits
SetFKVShiftSpeed SetFastKinetics
NOTE: For classic cameras the offset must be 0 and the vertical and horizontal binning must be 1
For iDus, it is recommended that you set horizontal binning to 1
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 218
FUNCTIONS
SetFastExtTrigger
unsigned int WINAPI SetFastExtTrigger(int mode)
Description
This function will enable fast external triggering. When fast external triggering is enabled
the system will NOT wait until a “Keep Clean” cycle has been completed before
accepting the next trigger. This setting will only have an effect if the trigger mode has
been set to External via SetTriggerMode.
Parameters
int mode:
0
Disabled
1
Enabled
Return
unsigned int
See also
SetTriggerMode
DRV_SUCCESS
Parameters accepted.
SetFilterMode
unsigned int WINAPI SetFilterMode(int mode)
Description
This function will set the state of the cosmic ray filter mode for future acquisitions. If the
filter mode is on, consecutive scans in an accumulation will be compared and any cosmic
ray-like features that are only present in one scan will be replaced with a scaled version
of the corresponding pixel value in the correct scan.
Parameters
Return
See also
int mode: current state of filter
0
OFF
2
ON
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Filter mode set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Mode is out off range.
GetFilterMode
SetFilterParameters
unsigned int WINAPI SetFilterParameters (int width, float sensitivity, int range, float accept, int
smooth, int noise)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 219
FUNCTIONS
SetFKVShiftSpeed
unsigned int WINAPI SetFKVShiftSpeed(int index)
Description
This function will set the fast kinetics vertical shift speed to one of the possible speeds of
the system. It will be used for subsequent acquisitions.
Parameters
int index: the speed to be used
Valid values
Return
See also
0 to GetNumberFKVShiftSpeeds-1
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Fast kinetics vertical shift speed set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Index is out off range.
GetNumberFKVShiftSpeeds, GetFKVShiftSpeedF
NOTE: Only available if camera is Classic or iStar.
SetFPDP
unsigned int WINAPI SetFPDP(int state)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
SetFrameTransferMode
unsigned int WINAPI SetFrameTransferMode (int mode)
Description
This function will set whether an acquisition will readout in Frame Transfer Mode. If the
acquisition mode is Single Scan or Fast Kinetics this call will have no affect.
Parameters
int mode: mode
0 OFF
1 ON
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Frame transfer mode set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid parameter.
SetAcquisitionMode
NOTE: Only available if CCD is a Frame Transfer chip.
SDK
SECTION 11
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FUNCTIONS
SetFullImage
unsigned int WINAPI SetFullImage(int hbin, int vbin)
Description
Deprecated see Note:
This function will set the horizontal and vertical binning to be used when taking a full
resolution image.
Parameters
int hbin: number of pixels to bin horizontally
int vbin: number of pixels to bin vertically
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Binning parameters accepted
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress
DRV_P1INVALID
Horizontal binning parameter invalid
DRV_P2INVALID
Vertical binning parameter invalid
SetReadMode
NOTE: Deprecated by SetImage
SetFVBHBin
unsigned int WINAPI SetFVBHBin(int bin)
Description
This function sets the horizontal binning used when acquiring in Full Vertical Binned read
mode.
Parameters
Int bin: Binning size.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Binning set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid binning size.
SetReadMode
NOTE: 1) If the detector width is not a multiple of the binning DRV_BINNING_ERROR will be
returned from PrepareAcquisition and/or StartAcquisition
2) For iDus, it is recommended that you set horizontal binning to 1
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 221
FUNCTIONS
SetGain
unsigned int WINAPI SetGain(int gain)
Description
Deprecated for SetMCPGain.
SetGate
unsigned int WINAPI SetGate(float delay, float width, float step_Renamed)
Description
This function sets the Gater parameters for an ICCD system. The image intensifier of the
Andor ICCD acts as a shutter on nanosecond time-scales using a process known as
gating.
Parameters
float delay: Sets the delay(>=0) between the T0 and C outputs on the SRS box to delay
nanoseconds.
float width: Sets the width(>=0) of the gate in nanoseconds
float step_Renamed: Sets the amount(<>0, in nanoseconds) by which the gate position
is moved in time after each scan in a kinetic series.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Gater parameters set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_GPIBERROR
Error communicating with GPIB card.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid delay
DRV_P2INVALID
Invalid width.
DRV_P3INVALID
Invalid step.
SetDelayGenerator
NOTE: Available on ICCD.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 222
FUNCTIONS
SetGateMode
unsigned int WINAPI SetGateMode(int gatemode)
Description
Allows the user to control the photocathode gating mode.
Parameters
int gatemode: the gate mode.
Valid values: 0
Return
See also
Fire ANDed with the Gate input.
1
Gating controlled from Fire pulse only.
2
Gating controlled from SMB Gate input only.
3
Gating ON continuously.
4
Gating OFF continuously.
5
Gate using DDG (iStar only).
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Gating mode accepted.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_I2CTIMEOUT
I C command timed out.
DRV_I2CDEVNOTFOUND
I C device not present.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_P1INVALID
Gating mode invalid.
2
2
SetMCPGain, SetMCPGating
NOTE: Available on iStar.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 223
FUNCTIONS
SetHighCapacity
unsigned int WINAPI SetHighCapacity(int state)
Description
This function switches between high sensitivity and high capacity functionality. With high
capacity enabled the output amplifier is switched to a mode of operation which reduces
the responsivity thus allowing the reading of larger charge packets during binning
operations.
Parameters
int state: Enables/Disables High Capacity functionality
1 – Enable High Capacity (Disable High Sensitivity)
0 – Disable High Capacity (Enable High Sensitivity)
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Parameters set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
State parameter was not zero or one.
GetCapabilities
SetHorizontalSpeed
unsigned int WINAPI SetHorizontalSpeed(int index)
Description
Deprecated see Note:
This function will set the horizontal speed to one of the possible speeds of the system. It
will be used for subsequent acquisitions.
Parameters
int index: the horizontal speed to be used
Valid values
Return
See also
0 to GetNumberHorizontalSpeeds-1
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Horizontal speed set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Index is out off range.
GetNumberHorizontalSpeeds, GetHorizontalSpeed
NOTE: Deprecated by SetHSSpeed
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 224
FUNCTIONS
SetHSSpeed
unsigned int WINAPI SetHSSpeed(int typ, int index)
Description
This function will set the speed at which the pixels are shifted into the output node during
the readout phase of an acquisition. Typically your camera will be capable of operating at
several horizontal shift speeds. To get the actual speed that an index corresponds to use
the GetHSSpeed function.
Parameters
int typ: output amplification.
Valid values: 0
1
electron multiplication/Conventional(clara).
conventional/Extended NIR mode(clara).
int index: the horizontal speed to be used
Valid values
Return
See also
0 to GetNumberHSSpeeds()-1
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Horizontal speed set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Mode is invalid.
DRV_P2INVALID
Index is out off range.
GetNumberHSSpeeds, GetHSSpeed GetNumberAmp
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 225
FUNCTIONS
SetImage
unsigned int WINAPI SetImage(int hbin, int vbin, int hstart, int hend, int vstart, int vend)
Description
This function will set the horizontal and vertical binning to be used when taking a full
resolution image.
Parameters
int hbin: number of pixels to bin horizontally.
int vbin: number of pixels to bin vertically.
int hstart: Start column (inclusive).
int hend: End column (inclusive).
int vstart: Start row (inclusive).
int vend: End row (inclusive).
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
All parameters accepted.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Binning parameters invalid.
DRV_P2INVALID
Binning parameters invalid.
DRV_P3INVALID
Sub-area co-ordinate is invalid.
DRV_P4INVALID
Sub-area co-ordinate is invalid.
DRV_P5INVALID
Sub-area co-ordinate is invalid.
DRV_P6INVALID
Sub-area co-ordinate is invalid.
SetReadMode
NOTE: For iDus, it is recommended that you set horizontal binning to 1
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 226
FUNCTIONS
SetImageFlip
unsigned int WINAPI SetImageFlip(int iHFlip, int iVFlip)
Description
This function will cause data output from the SDK to be flipped on one or both axes. This
flip is not done in the camera, it occurs after the data is retrieved and will increase
processing overhead. If flipping could be implemented by the user more efficiently then
use of this function is not recomended. E.g writing to file or displaying on screen.
Parameters
int iHFlip: Sets horizontal flipping.
int iVFlip: Sets vertical flipping..
1 - Enables Flipping
0 - Disables Flipping
If this function is used in conjunction with the SetImageRotate function the rotation will
occur before the flip regardless of which order the functions are called.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
All parameters accepted.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_P1INVALID
HFlip parameter invalid.
DRV_P2INVALID
VFlip parameter invalid
SetImageRotate
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 227
FUNCTIONS
SetImageRotate
unsigned int WINAPI SetImageRotate(int iRotate)
Description
This function will cause data output from the SDK to be rotated on one or both axes. This
rotate is not done in the camera, it occurs after the data is retrieved and will increase
processing overhead. If the rotation could be implemented by the user more efficiently
then use of this function is not recomended. E.g writing to file or displaying on screen.
Parameters
int iRotate: Rotation setting
0 - No rotation
1 - Rotate 90 degrees clockwise
2 - Rotate 90 degrees anti-clockwise
If this function is used in conjunction with the SetImageFlip function the rotation will occur
before the flip regardless of which order the functions are called.
180 degree rotation can be achieved using the SetImageFlip function by selecting both
horizontal and vertical flipping.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
All parameters accepted.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_P1INVALID
Rotate parameter invalid.
SetImageFlip
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 228
FUNCTIONS
SetIsolatedCropMode
unsigned int WINAPI SetIsolatedCropMode(int active, int cropheight, int cropwidth, int vbin, int hbin)
Description
This function effectively reduces the dimensions of the CCD by excluding some rows or
columns to achieve higher throughput. In isolated crop mode iXon, Newton and iKon
cameras can operate in either Full Vertical Binning or Imaging read modes. iDus can
operate in Full Vertical Binning read mode only.
Note: It is important to ensure that no light falls on the excluded region otherwise
the acquired data will be corrupted.
Parameters
int active: 1 – Crop mode is ON.
0 – Crop mode is OFF.
int cropheight: The selected crop height. This value must be between 1 and the CCD
height.
int cropwidth: The selected crop width. This value must be between 1 and the CCD
width.
int vbin: The selected vertical binning.
int hbin: The selected horizontal binning.
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Parameters set
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress
DRV_P1INVALID
active parameter was not zero or one
DRV_P2INVALID
Invalid crop height
DRV_P3INVALID
Invalid crop width
DRV_P4INVALID
Invalid vertical binning
DRV_P5INVALID
Invalid horizontal binning
DRV_NOT_SUPPORTED
Either the camera does not support isolated Crop mode
or the read mode is invalid
See also
GetDetector SetReadMode
NOTE: For iDus, it is recommended that you set horizontal binning to 1
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 229
FUNCTIONS
SetKineticCycleTime
unsigned int WINAPI SetKineticCycleTime(float time)
Description
This function will set the kinetic cycle time to the nearest valid value not less than the
given value. The actual time used is obtained by GetAcquisitionTimings. . Please refer to
SECTION 5 – ACQUISITION MODES for further information.
Parameters
float time: the kinetic cycle time in seconds.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Cycle time accepted.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Time invalid.
SetNumberKinetics
SetMCPGain
unsigned int WINAPI SetMCPGain(int gain)
Description
Allows the user to control the voltage across the microchannel plate. Increasing the gain
increases the voltage and so amplifies the signal. The gain range can be returned using
GetMCPGainRange.
Parameters
int gain: amount of gain applied.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Value for gain accepted.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_I2CTIMEOUT
I2C command timed out.
DRV_I2CDEVNOTFOUND
I2C device not present.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with device.
DRV_P1INVALID
Gain value invalid.
GetMCPGainRange, SetGateMode, SetMCPGating
NOTE: Available on iStar.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 230
FUNCTIONS
SetMCPGating
unsigned int WINAPI SetMCPGating(int gating)
Description
This function controls the MCP gating.
Parameters
int gating: ON/OFF switch for the MCP gating.
Valid values: 0
1
Return
See also
to switch MCP gating OFF.
to switch MCP gating ON.
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Value for gating accepted.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_I2CTIMEOUT
I C command timed out.
DRV_I2CDEVNOTFOUND
I C device not present.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_P1INVALID
Value for gating invalid.
2
2
SetMCPGain, SetGateMode
NOTE: Available on some ICCD models.
SetMessageWindow
unsigned int WINAPI SetMessageWindow (HWND wnd)
Description
This function is reserved.
SetMetaData
unsigned int WINAPI SetMetaData(int state)
Description
This function activates the meta data option.
Parameters
int state: ON/OFF switch for the meta data option.
Valid values: 0
1
Return
See also
to switch meta data OFF.
to switch meta data ON.
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Meta data option accepted.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid state.
DRV_NOT_AVAILABLE
Feature not available.
GetMetaDataInfo
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 231
FUNCTIONS
SetMultiTrack
unsigned int WINAPI SetMultiTrack(int number, int height, int offset, int* bottom, int *gap)
Description
This function will set the multi-Track parameters. The tracks are automatically spread
evenly over the detector. Validation of the parameters is carried out in the following
order:
•
Number of tracks,
•
Track height
•
Offset.
The first pixels row of the first track is returned via ‘bottom’.
The number of rows between each track is returned via ‘gap’.
Parameters
int number: number tracks
Valid values 1 to number of vertical pixels
int height: height of each track
Valid values >0 (maximum depends on number of tracks)
int offset: vertical displacement of tracks
Valid values depend on number of tracks and track height
int* bottom: first pixels row of the first track
int* gap: number of rows between each track (could be 0)
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Parameters set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Number of tracks invalid.
DRV_P2INVALID
Track height invalid.
DRV_P3INVALID
Offset invalid.
SetReadMode, StartAcquisition SetRandomTracks
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 232
FUNCTIONS
SetMultiTrackHBin
unsigned int WINAPI SetMultiTrackHBin(int bin)
Description
This function sets the horizontal binning used when acquiring in Multi-Track read mode.
Parameters
int bin: Binning size.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Binning set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid binning size.
SetReadMode SetMultiTrack
NOTE: 1) If the multitrack range is not a multiple of the binning DRV_BINNING_ERROR will be
returned from PrepareAcquisition and/or StartAcquisition
2) For iDus, it is recommended that you set horizontal binning to 1
SetMultiTrackHRange
unsigned int WINAPI SetMultiTrackHRange (int iStart, int iEnd)
Description
This function sets the horizontal range used when acquiring in Multi Track read mode.
Parameters
int iStart: First horizontal pixel in multi track mode.
int iEnd: Last horizontal pixel in multi track mode.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Range set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_NOT_AVAILABLE
Feature not available for this camera.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid start position.
DRV_P2INVALID
Invalid end position.
SetReadMode SetMultiTrack
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 233
FUNCTIONS
SetNextAddress
unsigned int WINAPI SetNextAddress(at_32* data, long lowAdd, long highAdd, long len, long
physical)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
SetNextAddress16
unsigned int WINAPI SetNextAddress16(at_32* data, long lowAdd, long highAdd, long len, long
physical)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
SetNumberAccumulations
unsigned int WINAPI SetNumberAccumulations(int number)
Description
This function will set the number of scans accumulated in memory. This will only take
effect if the acquisition mode is either Accumulate or Kinetic Series.
Parameters
int number: number of scans to accumulate
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Accumulations set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Number of accumulates.
GetAcquisitionTimings, SetAccumulationCycleTime, SetAcquisitionMode,
SetExposureTime, SetKineticCycleTime, SetNumberKinetics
SetNumberKinetics
unsigned int WINAPI SetNumberKinetics(int number)
Description
This function will set the number of scans (possibly accumulated scans) to be taken
during a single acquisition sequence. This will only take effect if the acquisition mode is
Kinetic Series.
Parameters
int number: number of scans to store
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Series length set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Number in series invalid.
GetAcquisitionTimings, SetAccumulationCycleTime, SetAcquisitionMode,
SetExposureTime, SetKineticCycleTime
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 234
FUNCTIONS
SetNumberPrescans
unsigned int WINAPI SetNumberPrescans(int iNumber)
Description
This function will set the number of scans acquired before data is to be retrieved. This
will only take effect if the acquisition mode is Kinetic Series.
Parameters
int iNumber: number of scans to ignore
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Prescans set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Number of prescans invalid.
GetAcquisitionTimings, SetAcquisitionMode, SetKineticCycleTime, SetNumberKinetics
SetOutputAmplifier
unsigned int WINAPI SetOutputAmplifier(int typ)
Description
Some EMCCD systems have the capability to use a second output amplifier. This
function will set the type of output amplifier to be used when reading data from the head
for these systems.
Parameters
int typ: the type of output amplifier.
0 – Standard EMCCD gain register (default)/Conventional(clara).
1 – Conventional CCD register/Extended NIR mode(clara).
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Series length set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Output amplifier type invalid.
NOTE:
1. Available in Clara, iXon & Newton.
2. If the current camera HSSpeed is not available when the amplifier is set then it will default to
the maximum HSSpeed that is.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 235
FUNCTIONS
SetOverlapMode
unsigned int WINAPI SetOverlapMode (int mode)
Description
This function will set whether an acquisition will readout in Overlap Mode. If the
acquisition mode is Single Scan or Fast Kinetics this call will have no affect.
Parameters
int mode: mode
0 OFF
1 ON
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Overlap mode set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid parameter.
SetAcquisitionMode
NOTE: Only available if CCD is an Overlap sensor.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 236
FUNCTIONS
SetPCIMode
unsigned int WINAPI SetPCIMode(int mode, int value)
Description
With the CCI23 card, events can be sent when the camera is starting to expose and when
it has finished exposing. This function will control whether those events happen or not.
Parameters
int mode: currently must be set to 1
int value: 0 to disable the events, 1 to enable
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Acquisition mode set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Acquisition Mode invalid
See also
SetAcqStatusEvent SetCameraStatusEnable
NOTE
This is only supported by the CCI23 card. The software must register its event via
the SetAcqStatusEvent. To specify which event the software is interested in use
the SetCameraStatusEnable.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 237
FUNCTIONS
SetPhotonCounting
unsigned int WINAPI SetPhotonCounting(int state)
Description
This function activates the photon counting option.
Parameters
int state: ON/OFF switch for the photon counting option.
Valid values: 0
1
Return
See also
to switch photon counting OFF.
to switch photon counting ON.
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
photon counting option accepted.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
SetPhotonCountingThreshold
SetPhotonCountingDivisions
unsigned int WINAPI SetPhotonCountingDivisions(unsigned long noOfDivisions, long* divisions)
Description
This function sets the thresholds for the photon counting option.
Parameters
unsigned long noOfDivisions: number of thresholds to be used.
long* divisions: threshold levels.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Thresholds accepted.
DRV_P1INVALID
Number of thresholds outside valid range
DRV_P2INVALID
Thresholds outside valid range
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_NOT_SUPPORTED
Feature not supported.
SetPhotonCounting, GetNumberPhotonCountingDivisions
SetPhotonCountingThreshold
unsigned int WINAPI SetPhotonCountingThreshold(long min, long max)
Description
This function sets the minimum and maximum threshold for the photon counting option.
Parameters
long min: minimum threshold in counts for photon counting.
long max: maximum threshold in counts for photon counting
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Thresholds accepted.
DRV_P1INVALID
Minimum threshold outside valid range (1-65535)
DRV_P2INVALID
Maximum threshold outside valid range
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 238
FUNCTIONS
See also
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
SetPhotonCounting
SetPixelMode
unsigned int WINAPI SetPixelMode (int bitdepth, int colormode)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 239
FUNCTIONS
SetPreAmpGain
unsigned int WINAPI SetPreAmpGain(int index)
Description
This function will set the pre amp gain to be used for subsequent acquisitions. The actual
gain factor that will be applied can be found through a call to the GetPreAmpGain
function.
The number of Pre Amp Gains available is found by calling the GetNumberPreAmpGains
function.
Parameters
int index: index pre amp gain table
Valid values
Return
See also
0 to GetNumberPreAmpGains-1
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Pre amp gain set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Index out of range.
IsPreAmpGainAvailable, GetNumberPreAmpGains, GetPreAmpGain
NOTE: Available on iDus, iXon & Newton.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 240
FUNCTIONS
SetRandomTracks
unsigned int WINAPI SetRandomTracks(int numTracks, int* areas)
Description
This function will set the Random-Track parameters. The positions of the tracks are
validated to ensure that the tracks are in increasing order and do not overlap. The
horizontal binning is set via the SetCustomTrackHBin function. The vertical binning is set
to the height of each track.
Some cameras need to have at least 1 row in between specified tracks. Ixon+ and the
USB cameras allow tracks with no gaps in between.
Example:
Tracks specified as 20 30 31 40 tells the SDK that the first track starts at row 20 in the
CCD and finishes at row 30. The next track starts at row 31 (no gap between tracks) and
ends at row 40.
Parameters
int numTracks: number tracks
Valid values 1 to number of vertical pixels/2
int* areas: pointer to an array of track positions. The array has the form
bottom1, top1, bottom2, top2 ….. bottomN, topN
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Parameters set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Number of tracks invalid.
DRV_P2INVALID
Track positions invalid.
DRV_RANDOM_TRACK_ERROR
Invalid combination of tracks, out of memory or
mode not available.
See also
SetCustomTrackHBin, SetReadMode, StartAcquisition, SetComplexImage
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 241
FUNCTIONS
SetReadMode
unsigned int WINAPI SetReadMode(int mode)
Description
This function will set the readout mode to be used on the subsequent acquisitions.
Parameters
int mode: readout mode
Valid values: 0
Return
See also
Full Vertical Binning
1
Multi-Track
2
Random-Track
3
Single-Track
4
Image
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Readout mode set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid readout mode passed.
GetAcquisitionTimings, SetAccumulationCycleTime, SetAcquisitionMode,
SetExposureTime, SetKineticCycleTime, SetNumberAccumulations, SetNumberKinetics
SetRegisterDump
unsigned int WINAPI SetRegisterDump(int mode)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
SDK
SECTION 11
Page 242
FUNCTIONS
SetRingExposureTimes
unsigned int WINAPI SetRingExposureTimes(int numTimes, float* times)
Description
This function will send up an array of exposure times to the camera if the hardware
supports the feature. See GetCapabilities. Each acquisition will then use the next
exposure in the ring looping round to the start again when the end is reached. There can
be a maximum of 16 exposures.
Parameters
int numTimes: The number of exosures
float * times: A predeclared pointer to an array of numTimes floats
Return
See also
Unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Success
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized
DRV_INVALID_MODE
This mode is not available.
DRV_P1INVALID
Must be between 1 and 16 exposures inclusive
DRV_P2INVALID
The exposures times are invalid.
DRV_NOTAVAILABLE
System does not support this option
GetCapabilities, GetNumberRingExposureTimes, GetAdjustedRingExposureTimes,
GetRingExposureRange IsTriggerModeAvailable
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SetSaturationEvent
unsigned int WINAPI SetSaturationEvent(HANDLE saturationEvent)
Description
This is only supported with the CCI-23 PCI card. USB cameras do not have this feature.
This function passes a Win32 Event handle to the driver via which the driver can inform
the main software that an acquisition has saturated the sensor to a potentially damaging
level. You must reset the event after it has been handled in order to receive additional
triggers. Before deleting the event you must call SetEvent with NULL as the parameter.
Parameters
HANDLE saturationEvent: Win32 event handle.
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Acquisition mode set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_NOT_SUPPORTED
Function not supported for operating system
See also
SetDriverEvent
NOTE
The programmer must reset the event after it has been handled in order to receive
additional triggers, unless the event has been created with auto-reset, e.g. event =
CreateEvent(NULL,
FALSE,
FALSE,
NULL).
Also,
NOT
all
programming
environments allow the use of multiple threads and Win32 events.
Only supported with the CCI-23 card.
USB cameras do not have this feature.
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SetShutter
unsigned int WINAPI SetShutter(int typ, int mode, int closingtime, int openingtime)
Description
This function controls the behaviour of the shutter.
The typ parameter allows the user to control the TTL signal output to an external shutter.
The mode parameter configures whether the shutter opens & closes automatically
(controlled by the camera) or is permanently open or permanently closed.
The opening and closing time specify the time required to open and close the shutter
(this information is required for calculating acquisition timings – see SHUTTER
TRANSFER TIME).
Parameters
int typ:
0
Output TTL low signal to open shutter
1
Output TTL high signal to open shutter
int mode:
0
Auto
1
Open
2
Close
int closingtime: Time shutter takes to close (milliseconds)
int openingtime: Time shutter takes to open (milliseconds)
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
DRV_ACQUIRING
DRV_ERROR_ACK
DRV_P1INVALID
DRV_P2INVALID
DRV_P3INVALID
DRV_P4INVALID
Shutter set.
System not initialized.
Acquisition in progress.
Unable to communicate with card.
Invalid TTL type.
Invalid mode.
Invalid time to open.
Invalid time to close.
NOTE
1. The opening and closing time can be different.
2. For cameras capable of controlling the internal and external shutter independently
(capability AC_FEATURES_SHUTTEREX) you MUST use SetShutterEx.
3. Cameras with an internal shutter (use function IsInternalMechanicalShutter to test) but no
independent shutter control (capability AC_FEATURES_SHUTTEREX) will always output a
“HIGH to open” TTL signal through the external shutter port.
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SetShutterEx
unsigned int WINAPI SetShutterEx(int typ, int mode, int closingtime, int openingtime, int extmode)
Description
This function expands the control offered by SetShutter to allow an external shutter and
internal shutter to be controlled independently (only available on some cameras – please
consult your Camera User Guide). The typ parameter allows the user to control the TTL
signal output to an external shutter. The opening and closing times specify the length of
time required to open and close the shutter (this information is required for calculating
acquisition timings – see SHUTTER TRANSFER TIME).
The mode and extmode parameters control the behaviour of the internal and external
shutters. To have an external shutter open and close automatically in an experiment, set
the mode parameter to “Open” and set the extmode parameter to “Auto”. To have an
internal shutter open and close automatically in an experiment, set the extmode
parameter to “Open” and set the mode parameter to “Auto”.
To not use any shutter in the experiment, set both shutter modes to permanently open.
Parameters
Int typ:
0
Output TTL low signal to open shutter
1
Output TTL high signal to open shutter
int mode:
0
Auto
1
Open
2
Close
int closingtime: time shutter takes to close (milliseconds)
int openingtime: Time shutter takes to open (milliseconds)
int mode:
Return
0
Auto
1
Open
2
Close
Unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Shutter set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid TTL type.
DRV_P2INVALID
Invalid internal mode
DRV_P3INVALID
Invalid time to open.
DRV_P4INVALID
Invalid time to close
DRV_P5INVALID
Invalid external mode
NOTE
1. The opening and closing time can be different.
2. For cameras capable of controlling the internal and external shutter independently
(capability AC_FEATURES_SHUTTEREX) you MUST use SetShutterEx.
3. For cameras with an internal shutter (use function IsInternalMechanicalShutter to test) but
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no independent shutter control (capability AC_FEATURES_SHUTTEREX), the external
shutter will always behave like the internal shutter and the externalMode parameter is
meaningless.
SetShutters
unsigned int WINAPI SetShutters(int typ, int mode, int closingtime, int openingtime, int exttype, int
extmode, int dummy1, int dummy2)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
SetSifComment
unsigned int WINAPI SetSifComment(char* comment)
Description
This function will set the user text that will be added to any sif files created with the
SaveAsSif function. The stored comment can be cleared by passing NULL or an empty
text string.
Parameters
char* comment: The comment to add to new sif files.
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
See also
Sif comment set.
SaveAsSif SaveAsCommentedSif
NOTE: To add a comment to a SIF file that will not be used in any future SIF files that are saved, use
the function SaveAsCommentedSif.
SetSingleTrack
unsigned int WINAPI SetSingleTrack(int centre, int height)
Description
This function will set the single track parameters. The parameters are validated in the
following order: centre row and then track height.
Parameters
int centre: centre row of track
Valid range 0 to number of vertical pixels.
int height: height of track
Valid range > 1 (maximum value depends on centre row and number of vertical pixels).
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Parameters set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Center row invalid.
DRV_P2INVALID
Track height invalid.
SetReadMode
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SetSingleTrackHBin
unsigned int WINAPI SetSingleTrackHBin(int bin)
Description
This function sets the horizontal binning used when acquiring in Single Track read mode.
Parameters
Int bin: Binning size.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Binning set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid binning size.
SetReadMode
NOTE: 1) If the detector width is not a multiple of the binning DRV_BINNING_ERROR will be
returned from PrepareAcquisition and/or StartAcquisition
2) For iDus, it is recommended that you set horizontal binning to 1
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SetSpool
unsigned int WINAPI SetSpool(int active, int method, char* path, int framebuffersize)
Description
This function will enable and disable the spooling of acquired data to the hard disk or to
the RAM.
With spooling method 0, each scan in the series will be saved to a separate file
composed of a sequence of 32-bit integers.
With spooling method 1 the type of data in the output files depends on what type of
acquisition is taking place (see below).
Spooling method 2 writes out the data to file as 16-bit integers.
Spooling method 3 creates a directory structure for storing images where multiple images
may appear in each file within the directory structure and the files may be spread across
multiple directories. Like method 1 the data type of the image pixels depends on whether
accumulate mode is being used.
Method 4 Creates a RAM disk for storing images so you should ensure that there is
enough free RAM to store the full acquisition.
Methods 5, 6 and 7 can be used to directly spool out to a particular file type, either FITS,
SIF or TIFF respectively. In the case of FITS and TIFF the data will be written out as 16bit values.
Method 8 is similar to method 3, however the data is first compressed before writing to
disk. In some circumstances this may improve the maximum rate of writing images to
disk, however as the compression can be very CPU intensive this option may not be
suitable on slower processors.
The data is stored in row order starting with the row nearest the readout register. With
the exception of methods 5, 6 and 7, the data acquired during a spooled acquisition can
be retrieved through the normal functions. This is a change to previous versions; it is no
longer necessary to load the data from disk from your own application.
Parameters
int active: Enable/disable spooling
Valid values:
0
Disable spooling.
1
Enable spooling.
int method: Indicates the format of the files written to disk
Valid values:
0.
Files contain sequence of 32-bit integers
1
Format of data in files depends on whether multiple accumulations are
being taken for each scan. Format will be 32-bit integer if data is being
accumulated each scan; otherwise the format will be 16-bit integer.
2.
Files contain sequence of 16-bit integers.
3.
Multiple directory structure with multiple images per file and multiple files
per directory.
4.
Spool to RAM disk.
5.
Spool to 16-bit Fits File.
6.
Spool to Andor Sif format.
7.
Spool to 16-bit Tiff File.
8.
Similar to method 3 but with data compression.
char* path: String containing the filename stem. May also contain the path to the
directory into which the files are to be stored.
int framebuffersize: This sets the size of an internal circular buffer used as temporary
storage. The value is the total number images the buffer can hold, not the
size in bytes. Typical value would be 10. This value would be increased in
situations where the computer is not able to spool the data to disk at the
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required rate.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Parameters set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
GetSpoolProgress
SetSpoolThreadCount
unsigned int WINAPI SetSpoolThreadCount(int count)
Description
This function sets the number of parallel threads used for writing data to disk when
spooling is enabled. Increasing this to a value greater than the default of 1, can
sometimes improve the data rate to the hard disk particularly with Solid State hard disks.
In other cases increasing this value may actually reduce the rate at which data is written
to disk.
Parameters
int count: The number of threads to use.
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Thread count is set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid thread count.
SetSpool
NOTE: This feature is currently only available when using the Neo camera.
SetStorageMode
unsigned int WINAPI SetStorageMode(long mode)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
SetTemperature
unsigned int WINAPI SetTemperature(int temperature)
Description
This function will set the desired temperature of the detector. To turn the cooling ON and
OFF use the CoolerON and CoolerOFF function respectively.
Parameters
int temperature: the temperature in Centigrade.
Valid range is given by GetTemperatureRange
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Temperature set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_P1INVALID
Temperature invalid.
DRV_NOT_SUPPORTED
The camera does not support setting the temperature.
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See also
CoolerOFF, CoolerON, GetTemperature, GetTemperatureF, GetTemperatureRange
NOTE: Not available on Luca R cameras – automatically cooled to -20.
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SetTriggerInvert
unsigned int WINAPI SetTriggerInvert(int mode)
Description
This function will set whether an acquisition will be triggered on a rising or falling edge
external trigger.
Parameters
int mode: trigger mode
Valid values:
Return
See also
0.
Rising Edge
1.
Falling Edge
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Trigger mode set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Trigger mode invalid.
DRV_NOT_AVAILABLE
Feature not available.
Trigger Modes SetTriggerMode SetFastExtTrigger
SetTriggerMode
unsigned int WINAPI SetTriggerMode(int mode)
Description
This function will set the trigger mode that the camera will operate in.
Parameters
int mode: trigger mode
Valid values:
Return
See also
0.
Internal
1.
External
6.
External Start
7.
External Exposure (Bulb)
9.
External FVB EM (only valid for EM Newton models in FVB mode)
10.
Software Trigger
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Trigger mode set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Trigger mode invalid.
Trigger Modes SetFastExtTrigger
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SetIODirection
unsigned int WINAPI SetIODirection(int index, int iDirection)
Description
Available in some systems are a number of IO’s that can be configured to be inputs or
outputs. This function sets the current state of a particular IO.
Parameters
int index: IO index
Valid values: 0 to GetNumberIO() - 1
int iDirection: requested direction for this index.
0: Output
1: Input
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
IO direction set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid index.
DRV_P2INVALID
Invalid direction.
DRV_NOT_AVAILABLE
Feature not available.
GetNumberIO GetIOLevel GetIODirection SetIOLevel
SetIOLevel
unsigned int WINAPI SetIOLevel(int index, int iLevel)
Description
Available in some systems are a number of IO’s that can be configured to be inputs or
outputs. This function sets the current state of a particular IO.
Parameters
int index: IO index
Valid values: 0 to GetNumberIO() - 1
int iLevel: current level for this index.
0: Low
1: High
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
IO level set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid index.
DRV_P2INVALID
Invalid level.
DRV_NOT_AVAILABLE
Feature not available.
GetNumberIO GetIOLevel GetIODirection SetIODirection
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SetUserEvent
unsigned int WINAPI SetUserEvent(HANDLE userEvent)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
SetVerticalRowBuffer
unsigned int WINAPI SetVerticalRowBuffer(int rows)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
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SetVerticalSpeed
unsigned int WINAPI SetVerticalSpeed(int index)
Description
Deprecated see Note:
This function will set the vertical speed to be used for subsequent acquisitions
Parameters
int index: index into the vertical speed table
Valid values
Return
See also
0 to GetNumberVerticalSpeeds-1
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Vertical speed set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Index out of range.
GetNumberVerticalSpeeds, GetVerticalSpeed
NOTE: Deprecated by SetVSSpeed.
SetVirtualChip
unsigned int WINAPI SetVirtualChip(int state)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
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SetVSAmplitude
unsigned int WINAPI SetVSAmplitude(int state)
Description
If you choose a high readout speed (a low readout time), then you should also consider
increasing the amplitude of the Vertical Clock Voltage.
There are five levels of amplitude available for you to choose from:
•
Normal
•
+1
•
+2
•
+3
•
+4
Exercise caution when increasing the amplitude of the vertical clock voltage, since higher
clocking voltages may result in increased clock-induced charge (noise) in your signal. In
general, only the very highest vertical clocking speeds are likely to benefit from an
increased vertical clock voltage amplitude.
Parameters
int state: desired Vertical Clock Voltage Amplitude
Valid values:
0 - Normal
1->4 – Increasing Clock voltage Amplitude
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Amplitude set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_NOT_AVAILABLE
Your system does not support this feature
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid amplitude parameter.
NOTE: Available in iXon, iKon and Newton – full range of amplitude levels is not available on all
compatible cameras.
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SetVSSpeed
unsigned int WINAPI SetVSSpeed(int index)
Description
This function will set the vertical speed to be used for subsequent acquisitions
Parameters
int index: index into the vertical speed table
Valid values
Return
See also
0 to GetNumberVSSpeeds-1
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Vertical speed set.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_P1INVALID
Index out of range.
GetNumberVSSpeeds, GetVSSpeed, GetFastestRecommendedVSSpeed
ShutDown
unsigned int WINAPI ShutDown(void)
Description
This function will close the AndorMCD system down.
Parameters
NONE
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
See also
System shut down.
CoolerOFF, CoolerON, SetTemperature, GetTemperature
NOTE:
1. For Classic & ICCD systems, the temperature of the detector should be above -20ºC before
shutting down the system.
2. When dynamically loading a DLL which is statically linked to the SDK library, ShutDown MUST be
called before unloading.
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StartAcquisition
unsigned int WINAPI StartAcquisition(void)
Description
This function starts an acquisition. The status of the acquisition can be monitored via
GetStatus().
Parameters
NONE
Return
unsigned int
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Acquisition started.
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_ACQUIRING
Acquisition in progress.
DRV_VXDNOTINSTALLED
VxD not loaded.
DRV_ERROR_ACK
Unable to communicate with card.
DRV_INIERROR
Error reading “DETECTOR.INI”.
DRV_ACQERROR
Acquisition settings invalid.
DRV_ERROR_PAGELOCK
Unable to allocate memory.
DRV_INVALID_FILTER
Filter not available for current acquisition.
DRV_BINNING_ERROR
Range not multiple of horizontal binning.
GetStatus, GetAcquisitionTimings, SetAccumulationCycleTime, SetAcquisitionMode,
SetExposureTime, SetHSSpeed, SetKineticCycleTime, SetMultiTrack,
SetNumberAccumulations, SetNumberKinetics, SetReadMode, SetSingleTrack,
SetTriggerMode, SetVSSpeed
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UnMapPhysicalAddress
unsigned int WINAPI UnMapPhysicalAddress(void)
Description
THIS FUNCTION IS RESERVED.
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WaitForAcquisition
unsigned int WINAPI WaitForAcquisition(void)
Description
WaitForAcquisition can be called after an acquisition is started using StartAcquisition to
put the calling thread to sleep until an Acquisition Event occurs. This can be used as a
simple alternative to the functionality provided by the SetDriverEvent function, as all
Event creation and handling is performed internally by the SDK library.
Like the SetDriverEvent functionality it will use less processor resources than
continuously polling with the GetStatus function. If you wish to restart the calling thread
without waiting for an Acquisition event, call the function CancelWait.
An Acquisition Event occurs each time a new image is acquired during an Accumulation,
Kinetic Series or Run-Till-Abort acquisition or at the end of a Single Scan Acquisition.
If a second event occurs before the first one has been acknowledged, the first one will be
ignored. Care should be taken in this case, as you may have to use CancelWait to exit
the function.
Parameters
NONE
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Acquisition Event occurred
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
System not initialized.
DRV_NO_NEW_DATA
Non-Acquisition Event occurred.(e.g. CancelWait ()
called)
See also
StartAcquisition, CancelWait
WaitForAcquisitionByHandle
unsigned int WINAPI WaitForAcquisitionByHandle(long cameraHandle)
Description
Whilst using multiple cameras WaitForAcquisitionByHandle can be called after an
acquisition is started using StartAcquisition to put the calling thread to sleep until an
Acquisition Event occurs. This can be used as a simple alternative to the functionality
provided by the SetDriverEvent function, as all Event creation and handling is performed
internally by the SDK library. Like the SetDriverEvent functionality it will use less
processor resources than continuously polling with the GetStatus function. If you wish to
restart the calling thread without waiting for an Acquisition event, call the function
CancelWait. An Acquisition Event occurs each time a new image is acquired during an
Accumulation, Kinetic Series or Run-Till-Abort acquisition or at the end of a Single Scan
Acquisition.
Parameters
Long cameraHandle: handle of camera to put into wait state.
Return
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Acquisition Event occurred.
DRV_P1INVALID
Handle not valid.
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DRV_NO_NEW_DATA
See also
Non-Acquisition Event occurred.(eg CancelWait () called)
CancelWait, GetCameraHandle, StartAcquisition, WaitForAcquisition,
WaitForAcquisitionTimeOut, WaitForAcquisitionByHandleTimeOut.
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WaitForAcquisitionByHandleTimeOut
unsigned int WINAPI WaitForAcquisitionByHandleTimeOut (long cameraHandle, int iTimeOutMs)
Description
Whilst using multiple cameras WaitForAcquisitionByHandle can be called after an
acquisition is started using StartAcquisition to put the calling thread to sleep until an
Acquisition Event occurs. This can be used as a simple alternative to the functionality
provided by the SetDriverEvent function, as all Event creation and handling is performed
internally by the SDK library. Like the SetDriverEvent functionality it will use less processor
resources than continuously polling with the GetStatus function. If you wish to restart the
calling thread without waiting for an Acquisition event, call the function CancelWait. An
Acquisition Event occurs each time a new image is acquired during an Accumulation,
Kinetic Series or Run-Till-Abort acquisition or at the end of a Single Scan Acquisition. If an
Acquisition
Event
does
not
occur
within
_TimeOutMs
milliseconds,
WaitForAcquisitionTimeOut returns DRV_NO_NEW_DATA
Parameters
Long cameraHandle: handle of camera to put into wait state.
int iTimeOutMs: Time before returning DRV_NO_NEW_DATA if no Acquisition Event
occurs.
Return
See also
unsigned int
DRV_SUCCESS
Acquisition Event occurred.
DRV_P1INVALID
Handle not valid.
DRV_NO_NEW_DATA
Non-Acquisition Event occurred.(eg CancelWait () called, time out)
CancelWait, GetCameraHandle, StartAcquisition, WaitForAcquisition,
WaitForAcquisitionByHandle, WaitForAcquisitionTimeOut.
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WaitForAcquisitionTimeOut
unsigned int WINAPI WaitForAcquisitionTimeOut (int iTimeOutMs)
Description
WaitForAcquisitionTimeOut can be called after an acquisition is started using
StartAcquisition to put the calling thread to sleep until an Acquisition Event occurs. This
can be used as a simple alternative to the functionality provided by the SetDriverEvent
function, as all Event creation and handling is performed internally by the SDK library. Like
the SetDriverEvent functionality it will use less processor resources than continuously
polling with the GetStatus function. If you wish to restart the calling thread without waiting
for an Acquisition event, call the function CancelWait. An Acquisition Event occurs each
time a new image is acquired during an Accumulation, Kinetic Series or Run-Till-Abort
acquisition or at the end of a Single Scan Acquisition. If an Acquisition Event does not
occur
within
_TimeOutMs
milliseconds,
WaitForAcquisitionTimeOut
returns
DRV_NO_NEW_DATA
Parameters
int iTimeOutMs: Time before returning DRV_NO_NEW_DATA if no Acquisition Event
occurs.
Return
See also
DRV_SUCCESS
Acquisition Event occurred.
DRV_NO_NEW_DATA
Non-Acquisition Event occurred.(eg CancelWait () called, time out)
CancelWait, StartAcquisition, WaitForAcquisition, WaitForAcquisitionByHandle,
WaitForAcquisitionByHandleTimeOut.
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WhiteBalance
unsigned int WINAPI WhiteBalance (WORD* wRed, WORD* wGreen, WORD* wBlue, float * fRelR,
float * fRelB, WhiteBalanceInfo * info)
Description
For colour sensors only
Calculates the red and blue relative to green factors to white balance a colour image
using the parameters stored in info.
Before passing the address of an WhiteBalanceInfo structure to the function the iSize
member of the structure should be set to the size of the structure. In C++ this can be
done with the line:
info-> iSize = sizeof(WhiteBalanceInfo);
Below is the WhiteBalanceInfo structure definition and a description of its members:
typedef struct WHITEBALANCEINFO {
int iSize; // Structure size.
int iX; // Number of X pixels. Must be >2.
int iY; // Number of Y pixels. Must be >2.
int iAlgorithm; // Algorithm to used to calculate white balance.
int iROI_left; // Region Of Interest from which white balance is calculated
int iROI_right; // Region Of Interest from which white balance is calculated
int iROI_top; // Region Of Interest from which white balance is calculated
int iROI_bottom; // Region Of Interest from which white balance is calculated
} WhiteBalanceInfo;
iX and iY are the image dimensions. The number of elements of the input, red, green and
blue arrays are iX x iY.
iAlgorithm sets the algorithm to use. The function sums all the colour values per each
colour field within the Region Of Interest (ROI) and calculates the relative to green values
as: 0) _fRelR = GreenSum / RedSum and _fRelB = GreenSum / BlueSum; 1) _fRelR =
2/3 GreenSum / RedSum and _fRelB = 2/3 GreenSum / BlueSum, giving more
importance to the green field.
iROI_left, iROI_right, iROI_top and iROI_bottom define the ROI with the constraints:
0 £ iROI_left < iROI_right £ iX and 0 £ iROI_ bottom < iROI_ top £ iX
Parameters
WORD* wRed: pointer to red field.
WORD* wGreen: pointer to green field.
WORD* wBlue: pointer to blue field.
float* fRelR: pointer to the relative to green red factor.
float* fRelB: pointer to the relative to green blue factor.
WhiteBalanceInfo* info: pointer to white balance information structure
Return
unsigned int
SUCCESS
White balance calculated.
DRV_P1INVALID
Invalid pointer (i.e. NULL).
DRV_P2INVALID
Invalid pointer (i.e. NULL).
DRV_P3INVALID
Invalid pointer (i.e. NULL).
DRV_P4INVALID
Invalid pointer (i.e. NULL).
DRV_P5INVALID
Invalid pointer (i.e. NULL).
DRV_P6INVALID
One or more parameters in info is out of range
DRV_DIVIDE_BY_ZERO_ERROR
The sum of the green field within the ROI is zero. _fRelR and _fRelB
are set to 1
See also
DemosaicImage, GetMostRecentColorImage16
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SECTION 12 - ERROR CODES
CODE
ERROR
CODE
ERROR
DRV_ERROR_CODES
20001
DRV_P1INVALID
20066
DRV_SUCCESS
20002
DRV_P2INVALID
20067
DRV_VXDNOTINSTALLED
20003
DRV_P3INVALID
20068
DRV_ERROR_SCAN
20004
DRV_P4INVALID
20069
DRV_ERROR_CHECK_SUM
20005
DRV_INIERROR
20070
DRV_ERROR_FILELOAD
20006
DRV_COFERROR
20071
DRV_UNKNOWN_FUNCTION
20007
DRV_ACQUIRING
20072
DRV_ERROR_VXD_INIT
20008
DRV_IDLE
20073
DRV_ERROR_ADDRESS
20009
DRV_TEMPCYCLE
20074
DRV_ERROR_PAGELOCK
20010
DRV_NOT_INITIALIZED
20075
DRV_ERROR_PAGE_UNLOCK
20011
DRV_P5INVALID
20076
DRV_ERROR_BOARDTEST
20012
DRV_P6INVALID
20077
DRV_ERROR_ACK
20013
DRV_INVALID_MODE
20078
DRV_ERROR_UP_FIFO
20014
DRV_INVALID_FILTER
20079
DRV_ERROR_PATTERN
20015
DRV_I2CERRORS
20080
DRV_ACQUISITION_ERRORS
20017
DRV_DRV_I2CDEVNOTFOUND
20081
DRV_ACQ_BUFFER
20018
DRV_I2CTIMEOUT
20082
DRV_ACQ_DOWNFIFO_FULL
20019
DRV_P7INVALID
20083
DRV_PROC_UNKNOWN_INSTRUCTION
20020
DRV_USBERROR
20089
DRV_ILLEGAL_OP_CODE
20021
DRV_IOCERROR
20090
DRV_KINETIC_TIME_NOT_MET
20022
DRV_NOT_SUPPORTED
20091
DRV_KINETIC_TIME_NOT_MET
20022
DRV_USB_INTERRUPT_ENDPOINT_ERROR
20093
DRV_ACCUM_TIME_NOT_MET
20023
DRV_RANDOM_TRACK_ERROR
20094
DRV_NO_NEW_DATA
20024
DRV_INVALID_TRIGGER_MODE
20095
DRV_SPOOLERROR
20026
DRV_LOAD_FIRMWARE_ERROR
20096
DRV_TEMPERATURE_CODES
20033
DRV_DIVIDE_BY_ZERO_ERROR
20097
DRV_TEMPERATURE_OFF
20034
DRV_INVALID_RINGEXPOSURES
20098
DRV_TEMPERATURE_NOT_STABILIZED
20035
DRV_BINNING_ERROR
20099
DRV_TEMPERATURE_STABILIZED
20036
DRV_ERROR_NOCAMERA
20990
DRV_TEMPERATURE_NOT_REACHED
20037
DRV_NOT_SUPPORTED
20991
DRV_TEMPERATURE_OUT_RANGE
20038
DRV_NOT_AVAILABLE
20992
DRV_TEMPERATURE_NOT_SUPPORTED
20039
DRV_ERROR_MAP
20115
DRV_TEMPERATURE_DRIFT
20040
DRV_ERROR_UNMAP
20116
DRV_GENERAL_ERRORS
20049
DRV_ERROR_MDL
20117
DRV_INVALID_AUX
20050
DRV_ERROR_UNMDL
20118
DRV_COF_NOTLOADED
20051
DRV_ERROR_BUFFSIZE
20119
DRV_FPGAPROG
20052
DRV_ERROR_NOHANDLE
20121
DRV_FLEXERROR
20053
DRV_GATING_NOT_AVAILABLE
20130
DRV_GPIBERROR
20054
DRV_FPGA_VOLTAGE_ERROR
20131
DRV_DATATYPE
20064
DRV_BINNING_ERROR
20099
DRV_DRIVER_ERRORS
20065
DRV_INVALID_AMPLIFIER
20100
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SECTION 13 - DETECTOR.INI
DETECTOR.INI EXPLAINED
All systems shipped from Andor contain a configuration file called "Detector.ini". This file is used to
configure both the Andor software and hardware for the system. It contains information regarding the CCD
chip, A/Ds and cooling capabilities.
The file contains four sections. The start of each section is denoted by [name], where name is the name of
the section. The following two sections are common to all detector.ini files:
•
[System]
•
[Cooling]
The names of the remaining sections are given by entries in the [System] section.
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[SYSTEM]
This section has 3 entries that describe the controller, head models and the mode for operation. Each entry is
described in more detail below:
•
Controller: gives the section name where the controller (plug-in card) details can be found. Further
details on this section are given below.
•
Head: gives the section name where the detector head details can be found. Further details on this
section are given below.
•
Operation: this item related to the overall system type, i.e. whether the system is a PDA, CCD ICCD
or InGaAs. This item has the effect of changing the “Acquisition” dialog within the software so that
only those options relating to the system type are displayed.
Possible values are as follows:
•
2 for PDA
•
3 for InGaAs
•
4 for CCD
•
5 for ICCD
EXAMPLE:
[System]
Controller=CC-010
Head=DV437
Operation=4
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DETECTOR.INI
[COOLING]
This section does not contain a fixed number of entries. However, each entry has the same basic structure
and purpose. The purpose being to tell the software the range of temperatures to offer the user and the range
of temperature over which the system can measure. The structure of each item is:
Itemname =a,b,c,d
itemname
a
b
c
d
Example:
[Cooling]
Single=28,-30,28,-100
Three=20,-60,28,-100
Vacuum=20,-100,28,-100
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[DETECTOR]
This section details the detector head. It is the most complex section in the file and contains 10 or more items.
Format
Format = x,y
Gives the active pixel dimensions as x, y. x is the number of pixels along the readout register axis. y is the
number of pixel perpendicular to the readout axis.
DummyPixels
DummyPixels = a, b, c, d
Gives the number of columns and row that are present on the device but do not respond to light. The dummy
columns are a combination of dark columns, which run the full height of the sensor, and dummy pixels in the
shift register, where:
a
number of dummy columns at non-amplifier end
b
number of dummy columns at amplifier end
c
number of dummy rows at top of CCD
d
number of dummy rows at bottom of CCD
DataHShiftSpeed
DataHShiftSpeed = a, b, c, d, e
Lists the speeds at which the charge can be moved in the shift register. This is also equivalent to the
digitization speed in microseconds. Where:
a
default speed
b, c ,d, e allowed speeds fastest first
DataVShiftSpeed
DataVShiftSpeed = a, b, c, d, e
This lists the speeds, in microseconds, at which the CCD rows can be vertically shifted. These speeds are
used during CCD readout. Where:
a
default speed
b, c, d, e allowed speeds fastest first
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DummyHShiftSpeed
DummyHShiftSpeed = a, b, c, d, e
This lists the speeds, in microseconds, at which the charge can be moved in the shift register. These speeds
are used when the charge been shifted in the amplifier does not need to be digitized. This allows faster keep
clean cycles and faster readout when pixel skipping is implemented. Where:
a
b, c, d, e
default speed
allowed speeds fastest first
DummyVShiftSpeed
DummyVShiftSpeed = a, b, c, d, e
This lists the speeds, in microseconds, at which the CCD rows can be vertically shifted. These speeds are
used during CCD keep cleans. Where:
a
default speed
b, c, d, e
allowed speeds fastest first
VerticalHorizontalTime
VerticalHorizontalTime = a,b,c,d,e
This lists the time, in microseconds, which must be taken into account when timing calculations are been
done. Where:
a
default speed
b, c, d, e allowed speeds fastest first
CodeFile
CodeFile = filename.ext
This gives the file name of the micro-code uploaded to the microprocessor on the plug-in card. This field is
2
typically PCI_29k.COF for standard systems and PCII29K.COF for I C compatible cards.
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FlexFile
FlexFile = filename.ext
This gives the file name of the logic uploaded to the Field Programmable Gate Array on the plug-in card.
(This field is only used by the PCI version of the system.) This field is typically PCI_FPGA.RBF for standard
2
systems and PCIIFPGA.RBF for I C compatible cards.
Cooling
Cooling = type
This gives the type of cooling. The type relates back to the cooling section.
Type
Type = type
This value specifies whether the head contains a Standard (0) or a Frame Transfer (1) CCD. The default is
Standard.
FKVerticalShiftSpeed
FKVerticalShiftSpeed = speed
This specifies the “Fast Kinetics” vertical shift speed.
Gain
Gain = a
This specifies whether the system has software controllable Gain/Mode settings.
0 = Not software selectable.
1 = Software selectable.
PhotonCountingCCD
PhotonCountingCCD = a
This specifies whether the system contains a L3 Vision sensor from Marconi
0 = Standard CCD
1 = L3 Vision sensor
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EMCCDRegisterSize
EMCCDRegisterSize = a
This specifies the length on the electron multiplying register in L3 Vision CCD
iStar
iStar = a
This specifies whether the system is an iStar or a standard ICCD
0 = Standard ICCD
1 = iStar
SlowVerticalSpeedFactor
SlowVerticalSpeedFactor = a
This specifies the factor by which the vertical shifted has been slowed. This is used for those CCD’s that are
not capable at running at 16us. The only possible value is 7.
HELLFunction
HELLFunction = file
The file specified contains the instructions required to perform readout of an iXon CCD. It is specific to each
type of CCD.
HELLLoop1
HELLLoop1 = file
The file specified contains generic instructions for readout of an iXon CCD and as such is not specific to a
particular CCD.
ADChannels
ADChannels = a{,b}
This line indicates the types of ADChannels available for use and the default selection. a is the default type
and is followed by a list of all possible types.
AD2DataHSSpeed
AD2DataHSSpeed = default, min, max
This line specifies the possible horizontal readout speeds. min and max specify the range of readout times
available in microseconds.
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AD2DumpHSSpeed
AD2DumpHSSpeed = default, min, max
This is similar to AD2DataHSSpeed but specifies the readout speeds available when performing a dump (i.e.
discarding) of data from the CCD.
AD2BinHSSpeed
AD2BinHSSpeed = default, min, max
This is similar to AD2DataHSSpeed but specifies the readout speeds available when binning (i.e. summing
values from blocks of neighbouring pixels) data from the CCD.
AD2Pipeline
AD2Pipeline = a, b, c: See PipeLine in the controller section
iXon
Ixon = a
Specifies whether the CCD is an iXon camera; if so the line will read ‘Ixon=1’. If this line is missing the CCD
is not an iXon.
EXAMPLE DETECTOR.INI FILES
DH220
[DH220]
Format=1024,1
DummyPixels=0,0,0,0
DataHShiftSpeed=16,1,2,16,32
DataVShiftSpeed=16,16,0,0,0
DummyHShiftSpeed=16,1,2,16,32
DummyVShiftSpeed=16,16,0,0,0
VerticalHorizontalTime=16,16,0,0,0
CodeFile=Instapda.cof
Pixel=25.0,2500.0
Cooling=Single
DV420
[DV420]
Format=1024,256
DummyPixels=8,8,0,0
DataHShiftSpeed=16,1,2,16,32
DataVShiftSpeed=16,16,0,0,0
DummyHShiftSpeed=16,1,2,16,32
DummyVShiftSpeed=16,16,0,0,0
VerticalHorizontalTime=16,16,0,0,0
CodeFile=Pci_29k.cof
FlexFile = pci_fpga.rbf
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Pixel=25.0,25.0
Cooling=Vacuum
FKVerticalShiftSpeed=16.0e-6
DV437
[DV437]
Format=512,512
DummyPixels=24,24,16,528
DataHShiftSpeed=16,1,2,16,32
DataVShiftSpeed=16,16,0,0,0
DummyHShiftSpeed=16,1,2,16,32
DummyVShiftSpeed=16,16,0,0,0
VerticalHorizontalTime=16,16,0,0,0
Pixel=13.0,13.0
Cooling=Vacuum
CodeFile=pci_29k.cof
FlexFile=pci_fpga.rbf
Type=1
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DETECTOR.INI
[CONTROLLER]
This section details the controller card.
ReadOutSpeeds
ReadOutSpeeds = a,b,c,dLists the readout speeds available on the specified plug-in card. These values are used in conjunction with
the values specified in the head section to generate the final list of available speeds.
PipeLine
PipeLine=a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h
This lists the pipeline depth that must be used the microprocessor to synchronize the reading of the AD with
the digitization process. The actual value used is based on a number of factors and is beyond this
discussion.
Type
Type=a
This specifies whether the plug-in card is ISA or PCI compatible.
Example:
[CC-010]
ReadOutSpeeds=1,2,16,32
PipeLine=2,1,1,1,0,0,0,0
Type=PCI
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