Selva | Oyster 6 | Owner`s manual | Selva Oyster 6 Owner`s manual

Selva Oyster 6 Owner`s manual
OWNER'S MANUAL
Oyster 5
Oyster 6
Black Bass 7,5
This manual must be considered as an integral part of your outboard motor and has to be kept with it, also if the motor
is resold. Selva joint-stock CO. reserve the right to change its product at any moment, except for the essential
specifications, which will be kept as they are.
Any reference to products or details of a third party has only an informative purpose and it doesn't represent an
obligation.
Selva joint-stock CO. doesn't take on any responsibility concerning the performance or the employment of these
products.
We are glad that you have chosen a SELVA MARINE product, which means quality, technology and careful
research. Your choice will give you many advantages, which you will soon learn to appreciate. Our dealers,
our after-sales service and the guarantee, which you have signed, together with the observance of the
information contained in this owner's manual are the essential conditions to give your recent purchase a long
life.
Your holiday, your favourite sport, your job, which has from today the name SELVA MARINE, will be a further
moment of satisfaction.
This manual belongs to Selva joint-stock CO. All rights reserved. Any partial or total reprinting without the permission is
prohibited.
1
ATTENTION
INTRODUCTION
Before operating this outboard motor, read this Owner's
Manual carefully and completely, pay attention especially to
the safety measures and rules.
Pay attention to all the particularly important information
that in this manual are distinguished in the following
ways :
Your safety and other people's safety do not depend only on
your ability at using the motor, but they depend also on your
knowledge and on the efficiency of the motor as well as on
the respect of the laws and regulations relating to the use of
outboard motors.
Safety measures and rules, which protect the
machine operator and other people from
serious accidents or risks.
We suggest you improve your knowledge of the motor so that
you can sail with mastery and confidence.
If any kind of repair on the motor should not have been clearly
described in this manual or if you want to order spare parts or
accessories, or if you have any question about the operation
or maintenance of your outboard motor, please consult an
authorised SELVA MARINE service station or SELVA
MARINE dealer
Directions or special precautions that must be
taken to avoid damage to the outboard motor
or personal accidents.
Directions that make procedures easier or
clearer. Technical information.
2
OUTBOARD MOTOR IDENTIFICATION DATA
SERIAL NUMBER RECORD
This data is stamped on the label attached on the clamp
bracket, as shown on the picture 1.
Write down the identification number and the model of your
outboard motor in the spaces below.
When you receive your new SELVA outboard motor write
down the serial number, it will be useful to you in case you
will have to order spare parts or for reference if your outboard
motor should be stolen.
MODEL
Make sure that the data on the label is the same
as the data written in your registration book.
Picture No.1
SERIAL NUMBER
Do not install an outboard motor with more
horsepower than shown in the certification of
your boat.
3
Emergency stopping procedures .................................. 17
Stopping in normal conditions....................................... 17
Stopping for a long period of storage............................ 18
Shallow water cruising...............................................18
Removal of the motor from the boat ............................. 18
Cleaning.......................................................................19
Cleaning outside ...........................................................19
Cleaning cooling-water passages................................. 19
CONTENTS
GENERAL INFORMATION ............................................1
Introduction ....................................................................2
Outboard motor identification data.................................3
Serial number record .....................................................3
Directions for use. Basic safety measures.....................5
Specifications.................................................................8
Location of main components........................................9
Control functions ...........................................................10
Wiring diagram..............................................................11
Symbols ........................................................................11
MAINTENANCE .............................................................19
Introduction ...................................................................19
Periodic inspections and adjustments chart .................20
Greasing chart ............................................................. 20
Greasing and additions ................................................. 21
Motor oil........................................................................ 21
Motor oil change............................................................21
Gearbox oil.....................................................................21
Gearbox-oil change.......................................................21
Spark-plug.....................................................................21
Sacrificial anode............................................................ 22
Motor oil filter replacement.............................................22
Replacement of the propeller........................................ 22
Storage .........................................................................23
THE USE OF OUTBOARD MOTOR..............................12
Preliminary controls chart ............................................12
Check of the supply ......................................................13
Outboard motor mounting .............................................13
Trim angle adjusting......................................................14
Fuel...............................................................................15
Fuel ...............................................................................15
Type of fuel ...................................................................15
Fuel tank clamping and pipes connection.....................15
Starting ........................................................................16
Verifications before starting the motor ..........................16
Starting procedures.......................................................16
Verifications when the motor is on................................16
Emergency starting procedures................................17
Running-in procedure ...................................................17
Stopping procedure....................................................17
TROUBLESHOOTING...................................................24
Troubleshooting chart ...................................................24
EXPLANATORY PICTURES .........................................26
4
DIRECTIONS FOR USE
BASIC SAFETY MEASURES
To use the outboard motor you must have all requisites
provided by law (physical suitability, insurance, government
duties, registration, and so on). We suggest you become
familiar with your boat equipped with SELVA motor in places,
which are not too crowded.
Use fuels and oils suitable for the engine, which are listed in
the "greasing chart ".
Check every so often the oil level and the fuel level.
Stop the motor before every kind of maintenance or cleaning
procedures, and in case of complicated maintenance take the
spark-plug cap out.
Picture No. 2.
Taking some medicines, alcoholic drinks or drugs increase
considerably the risk of accidents.
Make sure that you are in a physical condition suitable for
driving. Pay attention to tiredness and sleepiness.
Before opening the top cowling, wait till the engine has cooled
down.
Do not open the top cowling, when the engine is running.
Picture No. 3.
The engine operator should not let his mind wander, or be
distracted or influenced by other people, things or actions,(do
not smoke, eat, read, and so on.) while steering the boat.
5
PAY ATTENTION TO THE PROPELLER
The propeller is certainly the least protected part of your motor.
It is therefore forbidden to get near the propeller when this is in
rotating. You must leave bathers, skiers and other boat users
enough space to move, in order to avoid any contact with the
propeller.
Picture No. 4.
There must be nobody within the motor steering radius.
Picture No. 11.
The free lock lever must always be engaged while the motor is
in motion.
Never tilt-up the motor out of the water, while it is in motion.
Picture No. 12.
The engine operator must attach the engine stop switch
lanyard to his wrist when the motor is on. Picture No. 5.
Never sit on the motor.
Never pull the recoil starter handle, while the motor is running.
Picture No. 13.
Picture No. 6.
To transport the motor use only the proper handle.
Before transporting the motor you have to tilt-up the steering
rod properly.
The fuel tank is also provided with a handle to use for the
transport. Picture No. 14.
Never change the inclination angle of your motor using the
steering rod, but use the proper handle.
Picture No. 7.
The motor must always have its top cowling on, when it is
operating
Picture-No. 8.
When starting or operating the engine, do not touch electrical
parts and particularly the ignition-coil, the high voltage wire, the
spark-plug cap and the spark-plug itself.
When you connect the fuel joint, check the proper connection.
Picture No. 9.
When opening the safety valve of the fuel tank, highly
flammable vapours come out. Do not smoke, inhale or use
open flames close to it.
When starting there must be nobody within the engine
operator's action radius.
Picture No. 10.
6
If the motor has had an accident, you should have it fully
checked, before you use it again. If necessary let the SELVA
MARINE authorised skilled staff have a look at it.
Do not use the motor, if the damage could have compromised
the sailing safety.
Prevent fires and explosions.
Before operating an outboard motor, you must know the laws
and regulations relating to navigation.
Avoid sudden and dangerous manoeuvres
Any alteration attempted on your motor or the removal of any
of its basic elements, can compromise its safety and it is
besides against the law, and anyway it means the immediate
loss of your guarantee.
SELVA motors are only meant as propulsion for pleasure craft.
SELVA joint-stock CO. declines all responsibility for any
damage to items or harm done to any person, which is due to
an improper use of the motor.
Observe the laws in force.
Pay great attention to the weather conditions. Listen to the
weather forecast and take the warnings to the sailors into
consideration.
Keep your boat and equipment on board in a perfect state of
efficiency.
Keep enough spare parts on board.
Inform somebody of your route, before sailing.
7
SPECIFICATIONS
MODEL
OYSTER 5 – F135A
OYSTER 6 – F135 B
BLACK BASS 7,5 – F165 A
POWER
5HP / 3,7 Kw
6HP / 4,4 Kw
7,5HP / 5,5 Kw
5000/5500
5500/6000
5500/6000
135
135
165
57x53
57x53
63x53
1
1
FULL THROTTLE OPERATING RANGE
PISTON DISPLACEMENT
BORE X STROKE
NUMBER OF CYLINDER
1
ENGINE TYPE
cycle eight - 4 stroke
FUEL PUMP
AVERAGE CONSUMPTION
N° 1 Mechanical pump
1,2 litres/hour
1,5 litres/hour
FUEL
FUEL TANK
RECOMMENDED ENGINE-OIL
Petrol min 95 octans RON
Separatated lt 12 (incorporated lt. 1.7)
STARTING
Separatated lt 12
4 Stroke Motor oil API SE, SF,SG,SH,SJ - SAE 10W-30;10W-40; 15W-40
OIL QUANTITY
SPARK LEAD
1,9 litres/hour
600gr.
electronic automatic programmed with the engine revolutions
manual with rope, which returns automatically on the pulley
SPARK PLUGS
Champion RAX96C – Bosch XR 5 DC – NGK DPR6EA-9
EXHAUST
submarine depression-working through the propeller-hub
COOLING
water cooling with forced circulation caused by a NGK pump
PROPELLER REDUCTION RATIO
13/30
GEAR SHIFT LEVER
RECOMMENDED GEARBOX-OIL
forward gear - neutral gear - reverse gear + shaft rotation of 360°
OUTBOARD MOTOR GEARBOX OIL - API GL-5 SAE 80W/90
GEARBOX-OIL QUANTITY
200 gr.
PROPELLER TYPE
anti-weed with three blades
TRIM ANGLE ADJUSTING
5 positions, which you can select through pin
SUSPENSIONS
RECOMMENDED HEIGHT OF
THE TRANSOMS(mm.)
WEIGHT (Kg.)
anti vibrations annular shock-absorbers
normal shaft 380 - long shaft 510
normal shaft 27 - long shaft 27,5
Selva joint-stock CO reserve the right to change weight, construction, materials and characteristics without warning and without therefore having to change the motors, which were
built previously. See Picture No. 15 for the dimensions of your motor.
8
LOCATION OF MAIN COMPONENTS
See picture No. 16
N°
DESCRIPTION
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
Tilt-up handle and air intake
Back cowling lock lever
Oil filling plug / motor oil level
Transport handle
Steering adjustment
Engine stop switch / Stop button
Trim angle adjusting-rod
Anti-cavitation plate
Propeller
Water inlet
Swivel bracket
Accelerator grip
Throttle-control adjustment
Clamp-screws
Tilt lock lever
Choke knob
Gear-shift lever ( R = reverse gear ; N = neutral gear ; F = forward gear )
Fuel joint
Recoil starter handle
Cooling system warning lamp
Fuel tank cap (model with incorporated fuel tank only)
Fuel Cock (model with incorporated fuel tank only)
Oil draining plug
9
CONTROL FUNCTIONS
Throttle-control adjustment.
Device which permit to have a constant speed.
Picture No. 24.
Accelerator-grip/steering-handle.
Turn the grip to operate the accelerator, and move it sideways to
adjust the steering angle.
Picture No. 25.
Gear-shift lever
Starting out from the position of neutral gear ( N ), turn the lever in
boat direction and you engage the clutch with the forward gear.
Turning it in the opposite direction, you engage the reverse gear
(R).
Picture No. 17.
Cowling lock hook.
Cowiling blocking device. To remove the top cowling pul the lever
to the up side. When put the top cowling, pay attention that it
should placed correctly with the front hook inserted, than couple
the back hook and block pushing down the lever Picture No.
26.
Push-button to stop the motor.
Pressing the stop button (red) the ignition circuit is broken and the
engine stops immediately.
Picture No. 18.
Choke knob.
Pulling this knob it supplies a richer mixture required to start a cold
engine.
Picture No. 19.
Lever to control the anti capsize hook.
It control the engine blockage hook, to avoid the capsize caused
by the reaction to the propeller push during the reverse navigation.
Picture No.
27.
Clamp-screws.
Use them to clamp the outboard motor on the transom.
Picture No. 28.
Steering adjustment grip.
With it you can adjust the resistance to steering movement. Screw
it to increase resistance.
Picture No. 29.
Fuel cock (integrated tank)
Turning the cock you open or close the fuel connection to the
carburator.
Picture No.20
Fuel joint (separated tank)
Connecting the fast fuel joint, you connect the fuel hose to the fuel
tank.
Picture No. 21.
Recoil starter handle.
Pulling this handle starts the engine.
Picture No. 22.
Shallow water lever.
It release the tilt support bar.
Emergency engine stop switch.
Swithc to stop the engine in an emergency.
Picture No. 30.
Trim angle adjusting-rod.
It can be positioned in different holes in order to obtain the
appropriate trim angle.
Picture No. 31.
Picture No. 23.
10
SYMBOLS see picture No. 33.
Wiring diagram.
1 - A serious risk is present. The machine operator must read
and follow the instructions in the manual.
Legend
1 - Flywheel
2 - Ignition-coil
2 - Pull the choke knob.
3 - Sparking plug.
3 - Position of the gear-shift lever.
4 - Emergency engine stop switch / Stop button
4 - Outboard motor free lock.
5 - Opening level of the throttle.
Picture No. 32.
6 - Warning against fire hazard.
7 - Starter-switch for engine.
8 - Button to stop the motor
9 – Indication fuel cock positionning
11
THE USE OF OUTBOARD MOTOR
PRELIMINARY CONTROLS CHART
DETAIL
CHECK DESCRIPTION
Complete supply
Check that the motor supply includes all the components, that are in the
detailed list
Right installation
Check the proper installation of your motor ( the centre of the transom).
PAGE
13
13
Check the proper mounting height of your motor.
13
Check the tightness of the clamp screws.
13
Fuel
Check the conformity of the fuel to the detailed list.
15
Fuel hose connection
Check the proper connection of the fuel hose.
15
Oil filling
Check the motor oil level in the oil sump with the appropriate dipstick
22
Check of the equipment on
board
Check that you have on board everything necessary to face a possible
emergency.
Before leaving always check your motor to make sure that
it is in a perfect state of efficiency, check its proper and
safe functionality. Failure to check as shown in the chart
could result in severe injury to people or damage to the
boat.
If you ever have a question about the operation
of your outboard motor, or if you should find any kind of
anomaly, please consult a SELVA MARINE dealer. The
time which is needed to check your motor is very modest,
but the safety, that you obtain from it is enormous
12
Check of the supply.
Outboard motor mounting
A good position of the motor on the transom is very
important to have an appropriate trim angle and therefore to
obtain a good performance from your boat
To have the optimum mounting height of the outboard motor,
you must mount it so that the anti-cavitation plate is between
the bottom of the boat and a level of 2 cm below it and it is
parallel to it.
When you receive your motor, check that:
- the packing is integral
- the supply corresponds to the detailed list:
1. the entire motor
2. fuel tank supplied complete with the fuel hose and fast
fuel joint ( for the motors with separate fuel tank )
3. tool-bag
4. use and maintenance manual
5. certificate of guarantee
6. declaration of conformity E.E.C.
If the mounting-height is too high, cavitation tends to
occur and consequently there will be a falling-off in
the performance and a probable overheating of the
motor.
If the mounting-height is too low, the waterresistance will increase and thereby reduce engine
efficiency.
Picture No. 35.
- that there is no evident damage. If there is a damage or if
parts are missing, you must inform immediately and in detail
the forwarding- agent, SELVA joint-stock CO. or its area
agents.
Picture No. 34
The motor must be vertical to the water surface and
the bracket mounted on a flat even surface and
should be fully supported by the top edge of the
transom.
If the bracket is not fully supported or, if the transom
height is too low, a hard wood block should be
securely fitted between the bracket and the transom.
Picture No. 36.
13
Trim angle adjusting
− push down the free-lock lever and tilt up the motor ;
− remove the adjusting-rod and reposition the rod in
The trim angle is the inclination angle, that should be given to
the motor in order to obtain an optimal performance from your
boat.
the desired hole, which allows the appropriate trim
angle;
− unlock the tilt support bar and bring again the motor
in the vertical position, so that it leans on the
adjustment pin;
− set the free-lock lever to the lock position;
An improper trim angle does not only affect the
performance of your boat, but can also cause loss of
control, which means danger for the people on
board.
Improperly distributed load on boat or in different
positions, can alter the ideal trim conditions.
While sailing the motor should be perpendicular to the
water surface, but the trim angle can be 3 degrees to
5 degrees.
You must adjust the trim angle when the engine is
switched off.
Picture No. 37
If the trim angle is made too great, the buoyancy
centre of the boat will shift towards the stern. In this
condition, and if the stability moment at the bow is
large, the boat will tend to "porpoise". If the trim
angle is insufficient, the bow may "plough", making
the boat unstable.
When the boat is in stable trim it remains parallel to
the water.
Ensure the transom clamp screws are tightened
securely
Picture No. 38.
To adjust the trim angle proceed as follows:
− close the safety valve of the fuel tank (for motors
with incorporated fuel tank );
14
FUEL
Preparation of the fuel
Fuel
Use only petrol with a octane number higher than 95
N.O. Research and that they not contain alcohol,
(see the detailed list)
The fuel used for the propulsion of internal
combustion engines is highly flammable and, in
certain cases can become explosive.
Refuelling and maintenance operations must be
done in a well-ventilated area and with the engine
stopped.
Do not smoke while refuelling, keep away from
sparks, flames, or other sources of ignition, which
could cause fire or explosion.
Do not spill gasoline. If gasoline spills, wipe it
immediately with dry rags, before starting the motor .
Do not overfill the fuel tank, because gasoline
expands with the heat and the sun radiation.
Tighten the filler cap securely after refuelling.
Do not let gasoline get into your eyes or onto your
skin. Avoid swallowing gasoline or inhaling its
vapour. Do not pour fuel off using a pipe.
Fuel tank clamping and pipes connection
Put the fuel tank horizontally in the hull, anchored to the
bottom, in a place where it does not hinder your movements
and so that the piping is long enough to reach the motor.
Then connect the piping to the fuel joint. Picture No. 39.
For this operation you have to insert the female fast fuel joint.
Picture No. 40.
Now you have to check the connection, pulling lightly the joint
(do not pull grasping the hose).
Picture No. 41.
To release it is enough to pull the ring nut of the fast joint.
KEEP OUT OF CHILDREN REACH
15
STARTING
If the motor doesn't start after several attempts, you
should refer to the troubleshooting section.
Verifications before starting the motor
In case of start of the models with intagrate tank
following the stop of the engine caused from fuel
exaustion, after refueling pull the choke knob with
warm motor. This procedure make easier the filling of
the carburator
Check that the top cowling is locked, that the freelock mechanism is in the lock position and that the
gear-shift lever is in the neutral position ( N ).
Picture No. 42.
Verifications when the motor is on
Make sure that the lock plate is installed on the
engine stop switch.
Picture No. 43.
Just after starting the motor, you should make sure that :
Starting procedures
-
Open the fuel cock (for integrated tank models) Picture No.44
Loose the safety valve on the fuel tank.
Picture No. 45
Fill up the carburettor with fuel using the little hand pump ( you
have reached your aim, when the pump has become firm ). If
your engine is cold, you have to pull the choke knob.
Picture No. 46.
Place the throttle-grip in the "start" position. Picture No. 47.
Pull the starter-handle slowly so that the starter pinion engages
with the flywheel.
Picture No. 48.
Set the choke knob to home position.
Picture No. 49.
Pull the starter-handle powerfully until the engine starts. If
necessary, repeat the procedure.
Picture No. 50.
You don't need to use the choke-knob, if the engine is
warm.
16
after 5/10 seconds, water runs out from the coolingwater pilot-holes. The indicator at the entrance of
the circuit, provides only for the proper operation of
the pump and not for the circulation of water in the
head and in the cylinder . That means that possible
shortages will not be indicated.
If water does not flow from the pilot-holes check to
see if the water-inlets are blocked. Picture No. 51;
- that you do not hear any strange noise;
- that the throttle-grip operates in a proper way;
- that the gear shift lever operates properly and that
with the reverse gear selected the motor does not
rise;
- that the engine stop switch operates properly;
concessionaire It is always advisable to complete the running
in procedure in the following way:
Emergency starting procedures
If the starter does not operate, the engine may be started with
an emergency starter rope.
Carry out the following operations :
remove the cowling; place the gear-shift lever in the neutral
position " N ", and the throttle-grip in the start position and
check the installation of the lock-plate on the engine stop
switch. Remove the screws blocking the starter and remouving
it (it is necessary to detach the block start system with insterted
gear)
Insert the knotted end of the emergency starter rope into the
notch in the flywheel rotor, wind the rope two turns clockwise,
then pull strongly to start. repeat if necessary.
.
During the first hour let run the motor to at 2000 rpm
(or at half acceleration).
During the second hour maintain it at 3000 rpm and
accellerate at max speed for 1 minute max each 10
min.
After this operation use the motor in a normal way.
After 10 hours change the motor oil. After 20 hours
change the gear oil (see the lubrification paragraph)
A good running in will allow you to obtain a good
performance from your motor and a longer
endurance of it.
When starting the engine with the emergency starter
rope, it is very important to make sure that nothing
can get entangled in the engine. A rotating flywheel
is very dangerous. never try to replace the top
cowling when the engine is running. Proceed at once
to the nearest port to get the engine repaired. Take
care to prevent water splashing onto the flywheel.
STOPPING PROCEDURE
Emergency stopping procedures.
In an emergency you must stop your motor pulling the
engine stop switch lanyard.
While the emergency start, the starter block with
inserted gear is disabled. Before to start the engine, make sure
that the invester is in postition “N”.
To start the motor again you have to install again the
lock plate on the engine stop switch. Picture No. 52.
Stopping in normal conditions
Place the gear-shift lever in the neutral position " N "
(neutral gear); accelerate light in order to avoid
floodings, run the engine again at idling speed and then
push the stop button.
Picture No. 53.
RUNNING-IN PROCEDURE
A SELVA outboard motor is tested completely in our workshop
and it is partially run in a tank. A second test is done by the
17
Stopping for a long period of storage.
Removal of the motor from the boat
If you don’t use the motor for many days, is preferable to stop
the engine in the following way:
When engione is cold, take out the spark plugs and spray
some c.c. of motor oil in the chylinder.
Set in action the starter, let make some movement to the
piston, re-install the spark plugs
Each time that you remove the motor from your boat,
you must let it cool down and then you have to do
the following operations :
SHALLOW WATER CRUISING
- close the fuel cock
- disconnect the fast fuel joint.
- release the clamp screws.
- lift up the motor vertically and keep it in this position till all the
water has run out from the cooling-water passages ( about 1
minute )
- tilt up the steering rod.
- transport the motor using the proper handle.
- lay down the motor only in the specific position.
Picture No. 55.
A SELVA motor is equipped with device, which adjusts the trim
angle so that you can sail in shallow water.
This operation must be carried out with the engine
not in motion and paying very much attention.
Cruising in shallows, run the boat at the lowest
possible speed.
Release the free-lock lever.
Close the safety valve of the fuel tank (for motors with
incorporated fuel tank).
Tilt up the engine till the first automatic stop using only the tilt
up handle.
If the engine will be placed in a wrong position,
the oil inside the oil sump may come out throught the
breather, smears the engine so that will be impossible to
use it and it risks to heavy damage the order.
To bring the engine to the home position, tilt up slightly the
engine (using always the proper handle), release the tilt
support bar, operating the shallow water levers and take the
motor again to its vertical position, then set the free lock lever
to the lock position.
Picture No. 54
Oil may come out from the engine
18
CLEANING
Cleaning outside
While cleaning the cooling water passages make sure
that water always circulates in the passages,
checking its running out of the pilot hole.
Picture No. 56.
SELVA motors do not need much cleaning, to clean the
painted parts use a cloth soaked with water
MAINTENANCE
Do not use flammable solvents.
Before doing any kind of maintenance or check operation,
switch off the engine and wait till it has cooled down, then
remove the spark plug cap, in order to avoid an accidental
staring.
Pay attention to the motor parts, which are still hot, so that you
do not burn yourself.
Some maintenance operations must be carried out by qualified
staff.
Contact SELVA MARINE after-sale service.
Cleaning cooling-water passages
Every now and then after using, clean the cooling-water
passages, in order to remove mud and salt, so that they do not
affect the performance of your motor.
You can carry out this cleaning operation in two different ways:
The following chart lists the periodic maintenance operations to
do on your motor.
1 - Immerse the outboard motor without the propeller in a
vessel filled up with fresh-water, make sure that the water level
is over the height of the water inlets, so that no irreparable
damage could be caused to the motor. Shift the gear-shift lever
into neutral " N ". Start the engine and run at low speed for a
few minutes.
The pointed out operations must be done by qualified
staff.
2 - Connect a pipe of fresh-water to the hole for the engine
cleaning joint plug ( use the proper joint available in the fittings
series ). Stop the water inlets. Shift the gear-shift lever into
neutral. Start the engine and run at low speed for a few
minutes.
19
GREASING CHART
PERIODIC INSPECTIONS AND ADJUSTMENTS
(Running hours)
THEREAFTER
EVERY
INITIAL
OPERATIONS TO PERFORM
10
50
100
100
GREASE POINTS
Out of
season
Inspection of the conditions of the fuel
hoses.If necessary replace them.
Motor block
Check the fuel hose joints for leaks
If necessary replace them.
Check the oil filter, if necessary replace it
LUBRICANT THAT
MUST BE USED
API
SE, SF, SG, SH
SAE
10W-30
10W-40
15W-40
Check the proper working of the
carburettor. If necessary adjust it.
Check, clean and adjust the spark-plugs.
If necessary replace them.
Gearbox
Check the ignition.
Check the head screws and the
adjustment to the correct torque.
API GL-5
SAE 80 W 90
MIL -L 2105 C
GREASING FREQUENCY
FRESH-WATER
SALT WATER
Check the oil level every 6
months. If necessary add till the
marked point. Change the oil
after the first 10 running hours;
afterwards every 100 hours,
anyway change the oil once per
season
Check the level after the first 10
running hours. Afterwards every
50 hours. If necessary add till the
marked point. Change the
gearbox-oil after the first 20
running hours and afterwards
every 100 running hours; and
anyway each season.
Bushes of the
clamps pipe
SPRAY LUBRICANT
60 days
30 days
Cowling lock
levers pins
SPRAY LUBRICANT
60 days
30 days
Check the efficiency of the water pump
and of the cooling system
Tie rod carburettor
levers
WATER-REPELLENT
MARINE GREASE
60 days
30 days
Check the motor oil level
Propeller shaft
WATER-REPELLENT
MARINE GREASE
60 days
30 days
Clamp screws
WATER-REPELLENT
MARINE GREASE
60 days
30 days
Gear-shift lever
SPRAY LUBRICANT
60 days
30 days
Check the valve clearence
Check the trasmission belt.
If necessary replace it
Check the gearbox-oil level
Check the wear of the anode.
If necessary replace it.
Check the condition of the propeller.
If necessary replace it.
20
Greasing and additions
The oil must agree with the characteristics listed in the
greasing chart, and must comply with the quantity pointed
out in the technical detailed list.
Insert and tighten the oil-level plug and the oil drain plug.
Picture No. 57.
Gearbox-oil
Motor Oil
This engine is equipped with a forced lubrification system on the
head block.
Selva deliver the engine with the oil sum empty
Selva supply the motor already with the oil in the gearbox, which the
user will have to change completely after the first 20 cruising hours
After this change you must check its level every 50 hours and
change it every 100 hours, and anyway each season.
Please pay the maximum attention before to start the
engine that the oil sum will be filled with the specific oil and in
the specific quantity as indicated in the technical table
Gearbox-oil change
The user has to change the oil completely after the first 10 cruising
hours.
After this change the level has to be checked every 50 hours using
the appropriate graded deapstick, which is insterted in the level plug,
and replace it every 100 hours anyway at least once per season.
To change the oil do as follows:
Keep the motor in vertical position.
Place a container to collect the used oil under the gearbox.
Take out the oil-level plug and the oil drain-plug.
They have a different size and after the oil change they
must be replaced in their proper seat.
Wait until the oil has drained completely, (during this operation you
must check, if water or other foreign bodies are to be found in the
drained oil. They are signs of anomalies which must be identified
and repaired by qualified staff, before using the motor again).
Protecting the leaning parts, put the motor horizontally, with the oillevel plug and the oil drain-plug holes upwards.
Inject the oil into the oil drain-plug hole.
Motor oil change
To change the Motor oil do as follow:
Keep the motor in vertical position.
Place a container to collect the used oil under the drain-oil hole
Take out the oil-level plug and the oil drain-plug.
Wait until the oil has drained completely, (during this operation you
must check, if water or other foreign bodies are to be found in the
drained oil. They are signs of anomalies which must be identified
and repaired by qualified staff, before using the motor again).
Insert the oil drain plug and check the seal.
Throught the filling hole fill the oil.
The oil must agree with the characteristics listed in the
greasing chart, and must comply with the quantity pointed out in the
technical detailed list.
Insert and tighten the oil-level plug and the oil drain plug.
Picture No. 58.
21
Replace the spark-plug cap, checking that it is correctly fitted
and then replace the top cowling.
Picture No. 59.
The used oil must be given to the proper collecting
centres or to a SELVA service point.
Sacrificial anode.
To protect the motor against electrochemical corrosion, due to
the presence in its structure of many different materials, a
sacrificial anode has been applied.
The anode will be subject to a strong corrosion, so you have to
remove the scales from the surfaces of the anode periodically.
Spark-plug
The spark-plug must be often inspected because heat and
deposits affect its efficiency so that the performance of the
motor will be affected too.
Failure to clean it, will affect its effectiveness.
The inspection of the spark-plug must be done when
the engine is not running and it has cooled down.
It is very important to check, that the part made of
porcelain is not damaged because this could allow
external sparks, which could lead to explosion or fire.
Do not paint the anode, for this would render it
ineffective.
When the corrosion compromise its functionality, you have to
replace it.
Picture No.60.
Motor oil filter replacement
The motor is equipped with a filter placed in the lubrication
lead.
To remove the spark-plug use the supplied spanner; using an
abrasive brush, remove any deposits, then check the wear
condition and the spark-plug gap ( the gap must be 0,6 mm, to
measure it use a thickness gauge ) .
If the spark-plug is too badly worn you must replace it with a
new one which must agree with the characteristics listed in the
specifications chart.
the occlusion of the filter could compromise the
fonctionemment of the engine and compromise seriously the
efficiency
The spark-plug torque is 20 Nm ( ~ 2. kgm). If a
torque-wrench is not available, you can obtain a
good estimate of the correct torque turning the sparkplug completely by hand and then turning it with the
spanner, a new spark-plug must be turned ~ 90° and
an old one 15° ÷ 20°.
To replace the filter, motor must be switch off and without oil.
Unscrew the filter and replace it with a new one Picture No 61.
The used filter oil contain exaust oil and must be
given to the proper collecting centres or to a SELVA
service point.
22
Replacement of the propeller.
− keep the propeller pressed against the pin and screw tight the
The propeller is one of the components, which have a great
influence upon the performance of the motor. An unsuitable or
damaged propeller can cause serious damages to the motor
besides reduce the performance.
nut.
Picture No.
62.Storage
To help the endurance of your motor, you must carry out
properly the following storage operations:
For a careful choice of the propeller consult a SELVA
MARINE service point.
To replace the propeller do as follows:
Clean the motor and the cooling-water passages.
- wait until the motor has cooled down and remove the top
cowling;
Switch off the engine as shown in the section "stopping for a long
period of storage ".
Remove the fuel-line connections from the motor.
Empty the float chamber
- remove the spark-plug cap, to avoid an accidental start
during the operations of replacement of the propeller;
Change the motor oil
− place the gear-shift lever in the neutral position "N";
Change the gearbox-oil.
− protect your hands using strong gloves and insert a wooden
Verify the valve clearence
lump between the propeller blades and the anti-cavitation plate,
to keep the propeller still.
Verify the correct timing
Check the screws torque.
− remove the self stopping nut, the washer and the propeller;
Grease all the components as shown in the greasing chart.
− spread the propeller shaft with water-repellent grease;
Inspect the anode.
− make sure, that the drive propeller pin is centred on the shaft;
Empty the fuel tank.
− by hand insert the propeller making sure that it gets correctly into
Store the motor in the vertical position and in a dry, not to cold
place.
the drive pin;
− insert the washer and by hand screw the self-locking nut;
− insert a wooden lump between the propeller blades and the anti-
The storage operations must be carried out by qualified
staff.
cavitation plate.
23
TROUBLESHOOTING
A B C D E F G H
A regular maintenance can help you prevent many
problems with your outboard motor.
I Possible cause
Fuel tank is empty
Fuel hose is incorrectly connected
The following chart lists some common difficulties and their
possible causes.
Fuel hose is flattened or kinked
Fuel pump is malfunctioning
If you still have difficulties, after investigating these,
please contact your SELVA MARINE dealer.
Improper fuel
Improper motor oil
A - The engine will not start.
B - The engine runs irregularly or staIls.
C - The engine idles unevenly.
D - Engine speed will not increase.
E - The engine is overheating.
F - Engine speed is higher than normal.
G - Engine speed is lower than normal.
H - Boat speed is too low.
I - The boat will suddenly slow.
Carburettor has a wrong
adjustment
Wrong timing
Incorrect starting procedure
Sparks -plugs are fouled.
Improper spark-plugs
Incorrect spark-plug gap.
Spark-plug cap incorrectly fitted
24
A B C D E F G H
I Possible cause
Electric circuit is defective
Ignition-coil is defective
Clogged water passages
Faulty water-pump
Thermostat faulty
Cavitation is occurring
Propeller is damaged
Propeller has not the proper
dimensions
Incorrect trim-angle
Load on boat is improperly
distributed
Transom is too high
Transom is too low
25
1
11
7
8
4
12
2
5
9
3
6
26
10
13
14
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
C.
555
430 125 370
1040
490 300 70 275
L.
780
555 125 370
1165
490 300 70 275
15
16
27
25
17
21
26
30
18
22
19
27
31
23
28
20
24
29
28
32
38
39
42
35
33
42
36
40
34
37
41
29
44
45
51
46
47
48
52
49
50
53
30
54
56
55
57
58
31
60
59
61
32
62
SELVA S.p.A.
Direzione e stabilimento principale / Head office and main factory:
23037 Tirano (Sondrio) – Italy – Viale dell’ Industria,13
Tel. / Ph.++39-0342-702451 – Fax ++39-0342-705361
E-mail: tirano@selvamarine.com
Ufficio Commerciale ed Esposizione / Branch office and Show-room:
20099 Sesto San Giovanni (Milano) – Italy – Via Carducci, 221
Tel. / Ph.++39-02-22470841/26224546 – Fax ++39-02-26221806
E-mail: sesto@selvamarine.com
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