Acura | 2014 RLX | Repair manual | Acura 2014 RLX Repair manual

Body Repair News
Applies To: 2014 RLX Model Series – ALL
November 2013
2014 RLX: New Model Body Repair Information
DISCLAIMER: This publication contains a summary of new body and vehicle technology that may affect
collision and other body repairs. Always refer to the appropriate service and body repair manuals for complete
repair information. A subscription may be purchased at: techinfo.acura.com
TABLE OF CONTENTS
New Model Body Technology
Page 2
Body Repair Information
Page 6
Welding Precautions and Information
Page 7
Airbag System Components and Repairs
Page 9
Electrical Repair Information
Page 11
OVERVIEW OF BODY FEATURES
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Next-Generation Advanced Compatibility Engineering™ (ACE™) body structure.
Body construction using 55% high tensile strength steel, including 20% in grades 780, 980, and 1,500 MPa.
Extensive aluminum components for weight reduction and improved fuel efficiency (not shown in this view).
Aluminum hybrid front and rear door construction (not shown in this view).
Hem-style rear wheel arch panel joint.
© 2013 American Honda Motor Co., Inc. – All Rights Reserved
BBN 50756 (1311)
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New Model Body Technology
BODY CONSTRUCTION AND HIGH STRENGTH STEEL CONTENT
• Steel parts are color-coded based on their tensile strength in megapascals (MPa).
• High strength steel is defined as any steel with a tensile strength of 340 MPa or higher.
• Steel repair and welding procedures vary depending on the tensile strength of the parts involved.
270 MPa
340 MPa
440 MPa
590 MPa
780 MPa
980 MPa
1,500 MPa
Steel Tensile
Strength Legend
Important Information
These illustrations are for general reference only.
Some body parts are constructed from multiple layers
of different tensile strength steels. Always refer to the
body repair manual body construction section for
specific steel tensile strength information.
1,500 MPa (HOT STAMP) STEEL LOCATIONS
1,500 MPa steel is stronger than ordinary steel, so it can help protect vehicle occupants while reducing overall
vehicle weight to improve fuel efficiency.
The numbered parts in the diagrams below are constructed of 1,500 MPa steel:
All Models
1
Front Inner Upper Pillar
2
Front Pillar Upper Stiffener
3
Roof Side Stiffener
4
Center Pillar Upper Stiffener
5
Side Sill Stiffener
© 2013 American Honda Motor Co., Inc. – All Rights Reserved
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ALUMINUM PARTS & REPAIRABILITY
All of the parts shown below are constructed of aluminum alloy.
Repairability Issues:
• Do not repair the front subframe or bumper beams if damaged.
• Aluminum body panels may be repaired by body shops
that have a dedicated aluminum repair facilities and tools.
• To prevent galvanic corrosion, some fasteners for aluminum parts
are considered one-time use and must be replaced if removed.
ROOF PANEL ATTACHMENT
The roof rail and roof arch extensions are integrated into the roof panel assembly. The roof panel bolts and
spot welds must be removed and installed to the inner pillar and roof rail structure using a specific procedure.
Refer to the body repair manual section titled “Roof Panel Removal and Installation” for complete information.
© 2013 American Honda Motor Co., Inc. – All Rights Reserved
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NEW DOOR STRUCTURE
The doors on this vehicle use new technology to join steel and aluminum panels.
• This is the world's first application of this technology
to a door panel.
• Door panel weight is reduced by approximately
17 percent compared to all-steel doors, improving
vehicle handling and fuel economy.
• The inner door panel is a conventional steel structure.
• The outer door panel is made of aluminum alloy.
The two panels are joined using adhesive and a special “3D lock seam” joint.
• The outer door panels are not serviced separately.
• Minor damage to aluminum door panels may be repaired by
body shops that have a dedicated aluminum repair facility
and tools.
• Major damage to the aluminum door panels may require
door replacement.
REAR WHEEL ARCH HEM JOINT
To improve styling and tire clearance, a hemmed rear wheel arch joint is used.
• The outer and inner rear panels are joined using
adhesive in the wheel opening area.
• The outer panel is then rolled and crimped over
the inner panel, similar to a door panel crimp.
• Other vehicle manufacturers have previously used
this technology, so rolling and flanging tools are
commercially available.
• If the above tools are not available, instructions are
provided in the body repair manual to make the set
of hemming pliers necessary to complete this joint.
• Refer to the body repair manual section titled “Rear Side
Outer Panel Removal and Installation” for complete
information.
© 2013 American Honda Motor Co., Inc. – All Rights Reserved
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STEERING HANGER BEAM
The steering hanger beam provides mounting for the steering column and dashboard components.
• The beam is constructed from aluminum for weight savings.
• Do not repair the steering hanger beam if it is damaged.
• Special threaded collar bolts are used on the
passenger side of the beam to compensate for any
variation in body dimensions.
• A specific installation and bolt tightening procedure
is required.
• Refer to “Dashboard/Steering Hanger Beam
Removal and Installation” in the service manual for
complete information.
Aluminum Steering Hanger Beam
ACOUSTIC SIDE DOOR GLASS
Acoustic front side door glass is used for sound isolation on some trim levels.
• The glass has a sound insulation layer of PVB (polyvinyl butyral)
sandwiched between two layers of semi-tempered glass.
• Acoustic side glass is thinner than conventional side glass.
• This type of glass is similar to laminated windshield glass.
It does not shatter like conventional side window glass.
• To ensure the correct replacement glass is installed,
provide the vehicle’s VIN when ordering parts.
CAPLESS FUEL FILLER
This vehicle uses a capless fuel filler design. It does not
have a conventional gas cap.
• If you need to refuel the vehicle from a portable fuel
container, a funnel is provided in the trunk tool case.
• For more information, refer to “Refueling From a
Portable Fuel Container” in the owner’s manual.
TOWING AND LIFTING PRECAUTIONS
• All models must be towed using flat bed towing equipment
only, or the vehicle’s drive system will be damaged.
• Do not lift or tow this vehicle by its bumpers, or serious
damage will result.
• For more information, refer to “Lift and Support Points”
in the appropriate service or body repair manual.
© 2013 American Honda Motor Co., Inc. – All Rights Reserved
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Body Repair Information
NOTE: The following content is intended only to highlight new/special concerns. No body repairs should be
attempted without first referencing the appropriate body repair manual for complete information.
USE OF HEAT DURING BODY STRAIGHTENING AND REPAIR
When you are doing body straightening and repair procedures:
• DO NOT apply heat to any body part during straightening.
This may compromise the internal structure and strength
of high-strength steel parts.
• Any part that has heat applied to it during straightening
MUST be replaced with new parts.
• Ignoring these instructions may significantly reduce
occupant protection in any subsequent collision.
SECTIONING (CUT AND JOINT) GUIDELINES
Because of body structure improvements for collision
safety and rigidity, the materials, steel thickness, and
internal reinforcements have become very specific.
Follow these guidelines to avoid an unsafe repair:
• Avoid sectioning (cut and joint) except for outer panels
and floor panels unless a specific procedure is provided
in the body repair manual.
• Replace body structural components as assemblies
that match the replacement parts configuration.
• Refer to “Front Side Frame and Rear Frame Cutting
and Splicing” in the body repair manual for sectioning
opportunities.
BLIND SPOT INFORMATION (BSI) SYSTEM
Models equipped with this system can be identified by
this BSI Alert Indicator, located on both front doors near
the outside rearview mirror.
• The system uses two radar units mounted on each
side of the vehicle under the rear bumper.
• The system may malfunction and set DTCs because
of damage, improper repairs, or excessive foreign
material on any of the following:
• Rear bumper
• Outer side panels
• Radar unit mounting locations
• Several checks and inspections must be done during
repairs to the radar unit mounting area. If the mounting
area check is not done, an Acura dealer may not be able
to properly aim the radar units.
• For more information, refer to “BSI Radar Unit Mounting
Area Check” in the service manual.
© 2013 American Honda Motor Co., Inc. – All Rights Reserved
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Welding Precautions and Information
REPAIRING 1,500 MPa STEEL PARTS
Observe these precautions when repairing 1,500 MPa steel parts:
• NEVER attempt to straighten damaged 1,500 MPa
steel parts because they may crack.
• 1,500 MPa steel parts MUST be replaced at factory
seams using squeeze-type resistance spot welding
(STRSW).
• MIG brazed joints should be used ONLY in locations
not accessible by a spot welder.
• To assure adequate weld tensile strength, always
set the spot welder to the specifications provided in
the body repair manual.
Important Information
Parts made of Ultra High Strength Steel
(UHSS/1,500MPa/ USIBOR) must be installed as a
complete part. No sectioning allowed. Ultra High
Strength Steel requires special welding equipment,
procedures, and settings. See the welding section of
the appropriate body repair manual. Failure to use the
proper equipment or follow the proper procedures can
result in an unsafe repair.
• NEVER perform MAG welding on 1,500 MPa steel.
The heat generated during welding will significantly
reduce the strength and structural integrity of
1,500 MPa steel parts.
• This photo shows tensile strength test results of
welded 1,500 MPa steel. The 1,500 MPa steel fractured
first, because the welding heat reduced its strength to
far below 590 MPa.
• For more information, refer to “Hot Stamp (1,500 MPa)
Parts Welding Specifications” in the body repair manual.
MIG BRAZING GUIDELINES FOR 1,500 MPa STEEL PARTS
Refer to the body repair manual for complete information:
• MIG brazed joint locations are specified in the
body repair manual.
• A single- or double- hole MIG braze may be
specified in the body repair manual depending on
the tensile strength of the parts being joined.
• The size and number of holes are critical to
achieving adequate joint strength.
• A pulsed MIG welder MUST be used. Refer to the
equipment manufacturer’s instructions for welder
voltage and current setup.
• The photos at right show the difference in results
between pulsed and non-pulsed MIG brazing.
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MAG WELDING SPECIFICATIONS FOR 590-980 MPa HIGH-STRENGTH STEEL PARTS
NOTE: In this publication and the body repair manuals,
gas metal arc welding (GMAW) is referred to by its
Important Information
subtypes depending on the welding/brazing
requirements:
Parts made of High Strength Steel (590-980 MPa)
• MIG welding/brazing = Metal inert gas welding or
must be installed as a complete part. No sectioning is
brazing where 100% argon (Ar) shielding gas is
allowed unless a procedure is provided in the body
used. Argon is inert and does not react with the
repair manual. This high-strength steel requires
molten weld pool or brazing operation.
special welding equipment, procedures and settings.
• MAG welding = Metal active gas welding where
See the welding section of the appropriate body repair
the shielding gas being used contains a mixture of
manual. Failure to use the proper equipment or follow
80% argon (Ar) and 20% carbon dioxide (CO2).
the proper procedures can result in an unsafe repair.
It is considered active because the CO2 undergoes
a limited reaction with the molten weld pool.
The body repair manual specifies the weld types and
locations for each body panel:
• The welding wire used must have a tensile strength equal
to, or greater than, the lowest tensile strength of the parts
being welded. This conversion chart shows the relationship
of steel tensile strength (MPa) to the minimum welding wire
tensile strength (ksi).
• Typical ER70S-6 MIG wire has a minimum tensile strength
of 70 ksi (483 MPa). It can be used when welding up to
440 MPa steel parts. Refer to the diagrams shown below:
Steel Tensile (MPa)
Wire Tensile (ksi)
590
≥86
780
≥113
980
≥142
(1,000 psi = 1 ksi)
MAG PLUG WELDING GUIDELINES
• MAG plug welding may be done when joining body
components to 590-980 MPa steel parts.
• Follow the recommendations described in the body
repair manual section “MAG welding specifications
for high-strength steel parts 590 MPa and higher.”
MAG BUTT WELDING GUIDELINES
• MAG butt welding may be done only on steel parts
with a tensile strength of 590 MPa and lower.
• Welding speed is critical to achieve the correct weld
strength and minimize the heat affected zone (HAZ).
• Follow the recommendations described in the body
repair manual section “MAG welding specifications
for high-strength steel parts 590 MPa and higher.”
© 2013 American Honda Motor Co., Inc. – All Rights Reserved
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Airbag System Components and Repairs
AIRBAG SYSTEM COMPONENTS
The airbag system in this vehicle includes
the following components that may deploy in a
collision:
1. Driver and front passenger seat belt tensioners
(may deploy independently from any airbags).
2. Driver and front passenger SRS airbags.
3. Driver’s knee SRS airbag.
4. Side airbags mounted in the outer driver and
front passenger seat-backs.
5. Left-and-right-side curtain airbags mounted
above the side windows under the headliner.
SMARTVENT™ SIDE AIRBAGS
This vehicle is equipped with SmartVent side airbag construction:
• This airbag design helps mitigate the risk of excessive airbag
deployment force and risk of injury to smaller front passenger
seat occupants.
• Eliminates the need for the Occupant Position Detection
System (OPDS) sensor located in the front passenger’s
seatback.
As with all side airbags, the following service precautions apply:
• Special seat covers and/or breakaway thread are used
to ensure proper deployment path.
• Damaged front seat covers should be replaced, not repaired.
• Do not install non-factory seat covers, because they
may alter the airbag's intended deployment path.
DRIVER’S KNEE AIRBAG
The driver’s knee SRS airbag helps keep the driver in the proper position and to help maximize the benefit
provided by the vehicle’s other safety features.
• The driver’s knee SRS airbag is mounted to the steering
hanger beam below the steering column.
• It is designed to inflate in a moderate to severe frontal collision.
• Normally, it inflates with the driver’s front airbag, but may also
inflate alone under certain conditions.
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AIRBAG SYSTEM INDICATORS
There are two indicators used for the airbag system:
Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) Indicator
When you turn the vehicle to the ON mode, this indicator should come on and then turn off
after about 6 seconds.
• If the SRS indicator does not go off, or does not come on at all,
there is a problem with the system.
• DTCs must be read and cleared using the HDS (or equivalent)
scan tool. Contact an Acura dealer for assistance, if necessary.
• If a vehicle is sent to the dealer for airbag system repair or
troubleshooting, include a copy of the repair estimate with part
numbers and the source for any replaced airbag system parts.
Passenger Airbag OFF Indicator
The indicator comes on to alert you that the passenger’s front airbag has been turned off.
• This occurs when the front passenger’s weight sensors detect
65 lb. (29 kg) or less, the weight of an infant or small child,
on the seat.
• If the indicator comes on with no front passenger and no objects
on the seat, or with an adult occupying the seat, something may
be interfering with the seat weight sensors, or there may be a
problem with the system. Contact an Acura dealer for assistance,
if necessary.
AIRBAG SYSTEM REPAIRS REQUIRED AFTER DEPLOYMENT
To restore proper function and allow DTCs to be cleared, the airbag system MUST be repaired as specified in
the service manual. Refer to “Component Replacement/Inspection After Deployment” for complete information.
• DO NOT install used, refurbished, or modified airbag system parts!
• When making airbag system repairs, only use new genuine replacement parts, which are manufactured to
the same standards and quality as the original parts.
• To ensure the correct replacement airbag system parts are installed, provide the vehicle’s VIN when
ordering parts. Compare the part numbers on the new and removed parts to make sure they match.
AIRBAG SYSTEM ELECTRICAL REPAIRS
Except when doing electrical inspections that require battery power, always place the vehicle in the OFF
(LOCK) mode, disconnect the negative battery cable, then wait at least 3 minutes before starting work.
• For easier identification, electrical connectors that contain only
airbag system wiring are yellow in color.
• Many harnesses that contain primarily airbag wiring are also
wrapped in yellow tape.
• Airbag system wiring that runs through a common harness,
such as a floor harness, is generally not marked.
• NEVER attempt to modify, splice, or repair airbag system wiring.
If airbag system wiring is damaged, replace the wiring harness(es).
NOTE: Refer to the service manual for complete restraint
system operation, diagnostic, and repair information.
© 2013 American Honda Motor Co., Inc. – All Rights Reserved
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Electrical Repair Information
TIRE PRESSURE MONITORING SYSTEM (TPMS)
This vehicle is equipped with an initiator-type TPMS.
• The low tire pressure/TPMS indicator comes on if the air pressure
is too low in one or more tires. TPMS messages will also appear
on the multi-information display in the gauge control module.
• The TPMS indicator will stay on and the system will set DTCs if
all four tire pressure sensor IDs are not memorized by the TPMS
control unit after you replace a wheel and/or tire pressure sensor.
• Refer to “Memorizing a Tire Pressure Sensor ID” in the service
manual for complete information.
• The HDS (or equivalent) scan tool may be required to perform this
memorization. Contact an Acura dealer for assistance, if necessary.
PRECISION ALL WHEEL STEER™ SYSTEM
Some models are equipped with the Precision All Wheel Steer System.
• The Precision All-Wheel Steer (P-AWS) monitors and adjusts the rear
toe angles to help maximize handling and stability under all conditions.
• An electric actuator with a toe position sensor is installed at each
rear wheel between the steering knuckle and subframe.
• The neutral position of the toe sensors must be relearned using
the HDS scan tool if the control unit or either actuator is replaced.
• Refer to “Rear Toe Position Sensor Neutral Position - Memorize”
in the service manual for complete information.
ELECTRIC PARKING BRAKE
All models are equipped with an electric parking brake.
• Electric actuators on each rear brake caliper apply and release the brake pads.
• A manual procedure is provided if a malfunction prevents parking brake release.
• Refer to “Electric Parking Brake Forced Cancellation” in the service manual.
SYSTEMS THAT MAY REQUIRE DEALER ASSISTANCE WITH AIMING
Some models may be equipped with one or more of the following systems that require aiming after collision
repairs. Special tools are required to complete the aiming procedures. Contact an Acura dealer for assistance.
Blind Spot Information (BSI) System:
The BSI radar unit must be aimed in these instances:
• After replacing or removal and installation of
one or both BSI radar units.
• After replacing/repairing the body rear outer side panel(s).
• Stored DTCs B18B8 or B1E68 - left or right side BSI
radar unit azimuth off alignment.
If a problem occurs in the BSI system, the amber BSI indicator
will illuminate and this warning message may also appear.
Forward Collision Warning and Lane Departure Warning (FCW/LDW):
The FCW/LDW camera must be re-aimed if:
• The FCW/LDW camera unit is removed or replaced.
• The windshield is removed or replaced.
If the aiming is incomplete, the FCW and LDW indicators come on and blink.
© 2013 American Honda Motor Co., Inc. – All Rights Reserved
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Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) and Collision Mitigating Braking System (CMBS):
The millimeter wave radar for the ACC and CMBS must be re-aimed if:
• The radar unit is removed or replaced.
• The radar unit’s mounting area was damaged.
• The amber ACC indicator comes on if the aiming process is not
completed, or the service manual procedure is not followed.
The ACC warning message may also appear.
Lane Keeping Assist System (LKAS) System:
The LKAS camera must be aimed if:
• The camera/control unit is removed or replaced.
• The windshield is removed or replaced.
The amber LKAS indicator comes on and blinks if the aiming is not
done or is not completed. The LKAS warning message may also appear.
Windshield Replacement On FCW/LDW/LKAS Equipped Vehicles:
• Windshield damage within the FCW/LDW/LKAS camera’s field of vision
can cause any these systems to operate abnormally.
• Only a genuine Acura replacement windshield should be installed. Installing
an aftermarket replacement windshield may also cause abnormal operation .
ELECTRICAL PIGTAIL AND CONNECTOR REPAIR
• Disconnect the vehicle’s battery before doing any
welding or electrical repairs, Refer to “12 Volt Battery
Terminal Disconnection and Reconnection” in the
service or body repair manuals for more information.
• Certain front and rear electrical connectors subject to
collision damage may be repaired using pigtails and
connectors listed in the ELECTRCIAL CONNECTORS
illustrations in the parts catalog (example shown here).
• Pigtails attach to the vehicle wiring using special
crimp-and-seal terminal joints. After crimping, the joints
are heated using a heat gun to seal out the environment.
• Repair pigtails come in a limited range of colors that
usually don’t match the vehicle’s wiring. Pay close
attention during repairs to ensure correct locations.
• Vehicle wiring schematics service information can
be found in the Electrical Wiring Diagrams (EWD).
• If wiring is damaged and a repair pigtail or connector
is not available, replace the affected harness.
• NEVER attempt to modify, splice, or repair airbag system wiring.
ELECTRICAL GROUND WIRE PROTECTION
• Painting over electrical ground locations may cause
electrical systems, such as Vehicle Stability Assist
(VSA), to malfunction and set DTCs that may be
difficult to diagnose.
• Protect the ground wire and the ground wire mounting
hole threads with a bolt or plug when priming or painting.
© 2013 American Honda Motor Co., Inc. – All Rights Reserved
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