Bluewater PPA \ Execution Version\

Bluewater PPA \ Execution Version\
Execution Version
POWER PURCHASE AGREEMENT
between
DELMARVA POWER & LIGHT COMPANY
(“Buyer”)
and
BLUEWATER WIND DELAWARE LLC
(“Seller”)
June 23, 2008
Execution Version
POWER PURCHASE AGREEMENT
Table of Contents
ARTICLE I
GOVERNING TERMS ....................................................................... 1
1.1
Definitions.................................................................................................. 1
1.2
Interpretation............................................................................................ 28
ARTICLE II
TERM ................................................................................................ 29
2.1
Term......................................................................................................... 29
2.2
Binding Nature......................................................................................... 29
2.3
Failure of Timely Approvals.................................................................... 29
2.4
Seller Early Termination and Declaration of Project Capacity ............... 30
2.5
Buyer Termination Right Or Contract Modification For Change In
Law .......................................................................................................... 30
ARTICLE III
OBLIGATIONS AND DELIVERIES............................................... 31
3.1
Transaction............................................................................................... 31
3.2
Interconnection Facilities......................................................................... 37
3.3
[Reserved] ................................................................................................ 37
3.4
Electric Transmission and Delivery......................................................... 37
3.5
Energy Forecasts, Scheduling and Balancing.......................................... 40
3.6
Standards of Care..................................................................................... 44
3.7
[Reserved] ................................................................................................ 45
3.8
Metering................................................................................................... 45
3.9
[Reserved] ................................................................................................ 47
3.10
Project Outages. ....................................................................................... 47
3.11
Operations Logs and Access Rights ........................................................ 49
3.12
Performance Testing ................................................................................ 50
3.13
Operating Committee and Procedures. .................................................... 51
3.14
Resource Adequacy Requirements .......................................................... 51
3.15
Minimum Performance Requirement ...................................................... 53
3.16
Buyer Failure to Take Delivered Energy ................................................. 54
ARTICLE IV
COMPENSATION ............................................................................ 55
4.1
[Reserved] ................................................................................................ 55
4.2
Product Compensation ............................................................................. 55
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4.3
Most Favored Customer Pricing .............................................................. 56
ARTICLE V
CONDITIONS PRECEDENT; EFFECTIVE DATE;
CONSTRUCTION; AND INITIAL DELIVERY DATE.................. 57
5.1
The Effective Date ................................................................................... 57
5.2
Construction............................................................................................. 58
5.3
Initial Delivery Date ................................................................................ 60
5.4
Delay Damages; Termination Upon Delay.............................................. 62
5.5
Effect of Force Majeure ........................................................................... 65
5.6
Termination of Agreement Upon Publication of MMS Regulations....... 65
5.7
Termination of Agreement Upon Termination or Modification of
Production Tax Credit.............................................................................. 65
ARTICLE VI
PAYMENT AND NETTING; RECORDS AND AUDIT
RIGHTS ............................................................................................. 66
6.1
Billing and Payment................................................................................. 66
6.2
Netting and Payment................................................................................ 67
6.3
Disputes and Adjustments of Invoices..................................................... 67
6.4
Termination Payment and Termination Fee ............................................ 68
6.5
Records .................................................................................................... 68
6.6
Audit ........................................................................................................ 68
6.7
Payments .................................................................................................. 70
ARTICLE VII
7.1
LIMITATIONS.................................................................................. 70
Limitation of Remedies, Liability and Damages ..................................... 70
ARTICLE VIII
CREDIT AND COLLATERAL REQUIREMENTS ........................ 71
8.1
Timing and Use of Collateral................................................................... 71
8.2
Letter of Credit and Other Collateral ....................................................... 72
8.3
Buyer’s Lien............................................................................................. 73
ARTICLE IX
GOVERNMENTAL CHARGES....................................................... 75
9.1
Cooperation.............................................................................................. 75
9.2
Regulatory Charges.................................................................................. 75
ARTICLE X
10.1
REPRESENTATION AND WARRANTIES.................................... 76
Representations and Warranties............................................................... 76
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Table of Contents
ARTICLE XI
INDEMNIFICATION AND INSURANCE ...................................... 78
11.1
Indemnities............................................................................................... 78
11.2
Insurance .................................................................................................. 81
ARTICLE XII
EVENTS OF DEFAULT; REMEDIES............................................. 83
12.1
Events of Default ..................................................................................... 83
12.2
Remedies.................................................................................................. 86
12.3
Right of Set-off and Payments by Non-Defaulting Party ........................ 88
12.4
Termination Upon Consolidation of Seller.............................................. 88
12.5
Rights And Remedies Are Cumulative.................................................... 90
12.6
Duty to Mitigate....................................................................................... 90
ARTICLE XIII
DISPUTE RESOLUTION ................................................................. 91
13.1
Intent of the Parties .................................................................................. 91
13.2
Management Negotiations ....................................................................... 91
13.3
Dispute Resolution Before Commission.................................................. 91
13.4
Extension of Milestones........................................................................... 91
13.5
Non-Interference ...................................................................................... 92
ARTICLE XIV
MISCELLANEOUS .......................................................................... 92
14.1
Notices ..................................................................................................... 92
14.2
Changes to Notice and Invoicing Information......................................... 93
14.3
Force Majeure Event................................................................................ 93
14.4
No Dedication .......................................................................................... 94
14.5
Assignment .............................................................................................. 94
14.6
Choice of Law And Venue ...................................................................... 96
14.7
General..................................................................................................... 96
14.8
Confidentiality ......................................................................................... 96
14.9
Entire Agreement; Severability................................................................ 97
14.10 Treatment of Agreement and Related Documents................................... 97
14.11 Conflicts with Interconnection Agreements and Ancillary
Agreements .............................................................................................. 98
14.12 Counterparts............................................................................................. 98
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14.13 Forward Contract ..................................................................................... 98
14.14 Future Treatment...................................................................................... 98
14.15 Certain Fees and Expenses....................................................................... 99
14.16 Authorized Representatives ..................................................................... 99
14.17 Recordings ............................................................................................... 99
14.18 Amendments to PJM Agreements ........................................................... 99
14.19 Obligation to Act in Good Faith, Etc ....................................................... 99
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APPENDICES
Appendix 1 Appendix 2 Appendix 3 Appendix 4 Appendix 5 -
The Units and the Project
Form of Commercial Operation Certification
Energy-only PPA Principles
Congestion/LMP Calculation (Illustrative)
Examples of Adjustments to REC Purchase Obligation and Pricing
SCHEDULES
Schedule 1 - Milestones
Schedule 2 - Initial Expected Energy Production Schedule
Schedule 3 - Permitting Schedule
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POWER PURCHASE AGREEMENT
This Power Purchase Agreement (“Agreement”) is made between Delmarva
Power & Light Company, a Delaware corporation (“Buyer”) and Bluewater Wind
Delaware LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Seller”) as of June 23, 2008.
Seller and Buyer are referred to individually as a “Party” or collectively as “Parties”.
WITNESSETH
WHEREAS, pursuant to the State of Delaware’s Electric Utility Retail Customer
Supply Act of 2006, and at the direction of the Delaware Public Service Commission
(the “Commission”), the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the
Controller General and the Energy Office of the State of Delaware (collectively with the
Commission, the “Agencies”), Buyer has solicited proposals for the construction of new
electric generating resources within the State of Delaware to result in Buyer entering into
a power purchase agreement to buy electric power (capacity, energy and ancillary
services) to supply a portion of Buyer’s customer requirements.
WHEREAS, Seller submitted a proposal to Buyer for the sale of capacity, Energy
and Environmental Attributes from the Project, a wind-powered electric generating
facility to be located on the outer continental shelf in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of
the State of Delaware east of Rehoboth Beach, Delaware, as further described and
defined in Section 1.1.
WHEREAS, at the direction of the Agencies, Buyer and Seller have negotiated
the terms and conditions pursuant to which, subject to regulatory approvals and the
satisfaction of other conditions precedent, Seller will sell to Buyer and Buyer will buy
from Seller a portion of the Contract Capacity, Energy, and Environmental Attributes
from the Project on the terms and conditions set forth herein.
WHEREAS, the Products to be supplied by Seller under this Agreement will be
purchased by Buyer for consumption by all of Buyer’s Delaware customers and the costs
incurred as result of the Agreement will be recovered through a non-bypassable surcharge
charged to all of Buyer’s Delaware customers.
NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the mutual promises and covenants
contained herein and in the Ancillary Agreements, and for other good and valuable
consideration, the receipt and sufficiency of which are hereby acknowledged, intending
to be legally bound and to bind their respective successors and assigns, the Parties do
hereby mutually agree as follows;
ARTICLE I
GOVERNING TERMS
1.1
Definitions. As used in this Agreement, the following terms have the
meanings set forth below:
Execution Version
“Affiliate” means, with respect to any Person, (i) each Person that, directly or
indirectly, controls or is controlled by or is under common control with such designated
Person, (ii) any Person that beneficially owns or holds 10% or more of any class or
voting securities of such designated Person or 10% or more of the equity interest in such
designated Person, and (iii) any Person of which such designated Person beneficially
owns or holds 10% or more of any class of voting securities or in which such designated
Person beneficially owns or holds 10% or more of the equity interest. For the purposes
of this definition, “control” (including, with correlative meanings, the terms “controlled
by” and “under common control with”), as used with respect to any Person, shall mean
the possession, directly or indirectly, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the
management and policies of such Person, whether through the ownership of voting
securities or by contract or otherwise.
“After-Tax Basis” means, with respect to any payment received or deemed to
have been received by any Party, the amount of such payment (the “Base Payment”)
supplemented by a further payment (the “Additional Payment”) to such Party so that the
sum of the Base Payment plus the Additional Payment shall, after deduction of the
amount of all Taxes (including any federal, state or local income taxes) required to be
paid by such Party in respect of the receipt or accrual of the Base Payment and the
Additional Payment (taking into account any current or previous credits or deductions
arising from the underlying event giving rise to the Base Payment and the Additional
Payment), be equal to the amount required to be received. Such calculations shall be
made on the assumption that the recipient is subject to federal income taxation at thirty
five percent (35%) for the relevant period or periods, and state and local Taxes at the
highest rates applicable to corporations with respect to such Base Payment and
Additional Payment, and shall take into account the deductibility (for federal income tax
purposes) of state and local income taxes.
“Agencies” has the meaning set forth in the first recital hereto.
“Agreement” has the meaning set forth in the introductory paragraph hereto.
“Ancillary Agreements” means, individually or collectively, the Project Security
Agreements, any account control agreement entered into pursuant to Section 5.4, and
each of the other agreements entered into by the Parties in connection herewith or
therewith.
“Ancillary Services” means all products deemed to be “Ancillary Services” by
PJM and FERC (as of the Execution Date or a future date during the Contract Term)
associated with the Project or the Contract Capacity being supplied hereunder.
“Annual Inflation Adjustment” or “AIA” has the meaning set forth in
Section 4.2(a)(iv).
“Authorized Representative” has the meaning set forth in Section 14.16.
“Available” shall mean (i) with respect to a Unit, that the Unit is able to operate
and produce sufficient electricity to deliver Energy to the Delivery Point as required
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under the Agreement, and (ii) with respect to the Project, that each of the Units forming a
part of the Project is able to operate and produce sufficient electricity to deliver Energy to
the Delivery Point as required under the Agreement.
“Availability” shall mean the percentage of time during a given period of time
that a Unit or the Project is Available.
“Balancing Amounts” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 3.5(e)(ii).
“Base Capacity Payment Rate” or “BCPR” has the meaning set forth in
Section 4.2(a)(i).
“Base Energy Rate” or “BER” has the meaning set forth in Section 4.2(a)(ii).
“Base Renewable Energy Credits Rate” or “BRR” has the meaning set forth in
Section 4.2(a)(iii).
“Business Day” means any day except a Saturday, Sunday or a day that PJM
declares to be a holiday, as posted on the PJM website. A Business Day shall open at
8:00 a.m. and close at 5:00 p.m. EPT.
“Buyer” means Delmarva Power & Light Company, a Delaware corporation.
“Buyer Group” has the meaning set forth in Section 11.1(a).
“Buyer Scheduling Obligation” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.5(d).
“Buyer Unexcused Failure” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.16.
“Buyer’s Event of Default” has the meaning set forth in Section 12.1.
“Buyer’s Lien” has the meaning set forth in Section 8.3.
“Buyer’s Percentage” means, in all cases subject to the Project sizing limitations
of Section 2.4, the percentage equal to 200 divided by the then-current Project Capacity
(for example, if the Project Capacity is 450 MWs, Buyer’s Percentage is equal to
44.44%); provided, however, if Project Capacity is reduced pursuant to Section 5.4(c) to
a level below 200 MW, Buyer’s Percentage shall remain the Buyer’s Percentage that
existed immediately prior to such reduction.
“C&D Canal” means the canal that connects from the lower Delaware River to
the upper Chesapeake Bay and that transects lower New Castle County, DE.
“Capacity” means, as of any time, the aggregate nameplate capacity rating of the
Units for which the Commercial Operation Date shall have occurred.
“Capacity Charges” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.5(h).
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“Capacity Resource” means a generating unit or resource eligible to sell the
capacity product from such generating unit or resource in the PJM RPM Market, as
determined in accordance with the PJM Agreements and the PJM Capacity Rules.
“Capacity Value” means, with respect to a Unit, Unit Group, or the Project and
any full Capacity Year, the amount of generating capacity, expressed in MWs, that PJM
determines the Unit, Unit Group, or Project can reliably contribute during summer peak
hours and which can be traded as unforced capacity credits in the PJM RPM Market for
the Locational Delivery Area in which the Delivery Point is located, as such Capacity
Value shall be determined for each full Capacity Year in accordance with the PJM
Agreements and the PJM Capacity Rules, and as such capacity valuation may be revised
for wind generators by PJM from time to time.
“Capacity Year” means each “Delivery Year” as defined in the PJM Agreements
and PJM Capacity Rules, for a Capacity Resource, which Capacity Year is currently
contemplated to run from June 1 in a given year to the following May 31.
“Change of Control” means any transfer, sale, assignment, pledge or other
disposition of shares of or interests in Seller having the result (directly or indirectly and
either immediately or subject to the happening of any contingency) of changing the entity
or entities which possess the power (directly or indirectly and either immediately or
subject to the happening of any contingency) to direct or cause the direction of the
management or policies of Seller (from the entity or entities possessing such power as to
Seller as of the Execution Date), whether such change is voluntary or involuntary on the
part of Seller.
“Cleared Capacity Value” means, for any Capacity Year, the aggregate amount, if
any, (expressed in MWs) of Capacity Value for the Project for such Capacity Year that
(i) Seller shall have offered into the PJM RPM Market in accordance with the PJM
Agreements and the PJM Capacity Rules and in accordance with Seller’s Capacity Offer
Discretion, and (ii) shall have cleared in any of the Base Residual Auction or First,
Second or Third Incremental Auctions (as each of such terms are defined in the PJM
Capacity Rules) for such Capacity Year.
“Collateral” shall mean the Pre-Services Term Period Security, Development
Period Security, the Services Term Security, the Delay Damages Account and any funds
held therein, the collateral provided at any time under the Project Security Agreements
and any other collateral (including Letters of Credit) to be provided by Seller to Buyer
pursuant to the terms hereof (individually or collectively as the context requires).
“Commercial Operation” shall mean, as of a certain date, with respect to a Unit,
Unit Group or the Project (as applicable), and in compliance with applicable Permits and
the terms and conditions of this Agreement, respectively, that:
(a)
such Unit, each Unit in the Unit Group, or each Unit forming a part
of the Project (as applicable), as the case may be, (i) is fully commissioned in
accordance with the terms of the Turbine Supply Agreement, and Seller and
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Turbine Supplier shall have executed and delivered a commissioning certificate
(which has been provided to Buyer) evidencing such completion of
commissioning, (ii) has passed the Initial Performance Test, (iii) is operating and
able to produce and deliver Products pursuant to the terms of this Agreement and
in accordance with Good Utility Practice, (iv) the Seller shall be a PJM Member,
(v) the Unit, Unit Group, or Project as applicable has been accepted as a Capacity
Resource of PJM as of that certain date, (vi) the Capacity Value and Cleared
Capacity Value for the Project for the Capacity Year during which such
Commercial Operation will have occurred and the next following Capacity Year
(subject to such adjustments for such next following Capacity Year as are
contemplated by the PJM Capacity Rules) have been notified in writing to Buyer,
and Seller shall be able to transfer a Contract Capacity Amount for the next
following Capacity Year to Buyer based on the Contract Capacity for such
following Capacity Year, provided that this requirement shall not limit in any way
Seller’s Capacity Offer Discretion, and (vi) all Energy to be delivered to the
Buyer at the Delivery Point pursuant this Agreement from such Unit, Unit Group
or the Project, as applicable, qualifies as generation from an Eligible Energy
Resource under the RPS Act and the Commission RPS Rules;
(b)
the Electrical Interconnection Facilities necessary to (i) qualify the
Unit, Unit Group, or Project as a Capacity Resource of PJM with the ability to
deliver the Capacity Value of such Unit, Unit Group, or the Project as of such
certain date, and (ii) permit the delivery of Delivered Energy to the Delivery Point
up to the Capacity of such Unit, Unit Group or Project, as the case may be, shall
have been fully commissioned in accordance with the EPC Contract and other
applicable Project Contracts and all performance testing relating to such Electrical
Interconnection Facilities under the EPC Contract and other applicable Project
Contracts shall have been successfully completed; and
(c)
the applicable computer monitoring system (CMS) for the Project
shall have been installed and tested and shall be fully operational in order to
permit continuous reporting and monitoring of the performance of such Unit, Unit
Group or Project, as the case may be, in accordance with the terms of the Turbine
Supply Agreement or other applicable Project Contract.
“Commercial Operation Date” shall mean, in the case of a Unit, a Unit
Commercial Operation Date, a Unit Group, the Unit Group Commercial Operation Date,
and, in the case of the Project as a whole, the Project Commercial Operation Date.
“Commission” has the meaning set forth in the first recital hereto.
“Commission RPS Rules” means the Commission’s Rules and Procedures to
Implement the Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard in effect on the date hereof and as
amended and supplemented from time to time (or any successor publication in effect
from time to time implementing the Delaware Renewable Energy Portfolio Standards
Act, 26 Del. C., § 351-363).
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“Construction Period” shall mean the period of time commencing on the issuance
of the EPC Notice to Proceed and ending forty two (42) months thereafter, as such period
may be extended, on a day for day basis, by (i) Force Majeure Events or (ii) litigation by
third parties (resulting in an injunction materially adversely affecting the construction or
operation of the Project other than for reasons of Seller fault), occurring after or
continuing beyond the EPC Notice to Proceed.
“Contract Capacity” means, for each Capacity Year, the aggregate amount of
MWs equal to the Cleared Capacity Value for such Capacity Year; provided that
(a) during the sixth and seventh Capacity Years to commence after the beginning of the
Services Term, the Contract Capacity shall mean the greater of (1) the Cleared Capacity
Value for such Capacity Year and (2) 80% of the Capacity Value for such Capacity Year;
and (b) commencing with the eighth Capacity Year to commence after the beginning of
the Services Term, the Contract Capacity shall mean the greater of (1) the Cleared
Capacity Value for such Capacity Year and (2) 85% of the Capacity Value for such
Capacity Year.
“Contract Capacity Amount” means, for each Capacity Year, the amount in U.S.
Dollars to be credited to Buyer in the PJM eRPM system equal to (i) the Buyer’s
Percentage of Contract Capacity for such Capacity Year, multiplied by (ii) the Project
Capacity Resource Clearing Price for such Capacity Year.
“Contract Term” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.1.
“Contract Year” means a period of twelve (12) consecutive months; the first
Contract Year shall commence on the Initial Delivery Date; and each subsequent
Contract Year shall commence on the anniversary of the Initial Delivery Date.
“Costs” means, with respect to a Non-Defaulting Party, brokerage fees,
commissions and other similar documented third party transaction costs and expenses
reasonably incurred by such Party either in terminating any arrangement pursuant to
which it has hedged its obligations or entering into new arrangements which replace this
Agreement; and all reasonable attorneys’ fees and expenses incurred by the NonDefaulting Party in connection with the termination of this Agreement.
“Credit Rating” means, with respect to any entity, on any date of determination,
the respective ratings then assigned to such entity’s unsecured, senior long-term debt or
deposit obligations (not supported by third party credit enhancement) by a Rating
Agency, or if such entity does not have a unsecured, senior long-term debt rating, then
the rating assigned to such entity as its “issuer rating” by a Rating Agency.
“Critical Milestones” means each of the Milestones set forth on Schedule 1 hereto
that are identified as Critical Milestones in Schedule 1.
“Cure” has the meaning set forth in Section 8.2(a).
“Date Certain” has the meaning set forth in Section 5.4.
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“Day-Ahead Schedule” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.5(a).
“Deemed Generated Energy” means, during an applicable period of time, the
quantity of Energy, expressed in MWh, that would have been produced by the Project,
delivered to the Delivery Point as Delivered Energy and sold to Buyer in accordance with
the terms of the Agreement during such period but for Buyer’s Unexcused Failure.
Deemed Generated Energy shall be determined by taking into account the following:
(1)
in the case of Deemed Generated Energy actually delivered to the
Delivery Point, the Delivered Energy during such period measured by the Project Meter
(and not otherwise subject to a Dispatch Down Period); and
(2)
in the case of Deemed Generated Energy not actually delivered to the
Delivery Point (and not otherwise subject to a Dispatch Down Period), (a) during such
period, the actual fifteen (15) minutes (or more frequent, as reasonably available) wind
speeds (interpolated over time intervals, if necessary) measured by the wind monitoring
equipment located on each Unit as adjusted as a result of any Site calibration testing
available for operation immediately prior to the commencement of the period in question
and maintained using Good Utility Practices, or, if such monitoring equipment is
unavailable during a relevant interval, then using other available data or interpolated data
determined using Good Utility Practices, (b) the guaranteed Power Curve provided by the
Turbine Supplier (adjusted by historical data for the Project compiled by Seller, including
the results of any Power Curve testing), as applied to the wind speeds referred to in
clause (a), and (c) the actual Availability of each Unit and the availability of the
Electrical Interconnection Facilities necessary to deliver Energy to the Delivery Point, as
such Deemed Generated Energy shall be adjusted for station power adjustments or
electrical uses, auxiliary loads and Electrical Losses to the Delivery Point using historical
data for the Project.
“Deemed Generated Energy Compensation Amount” has the meaning set forth in
Section 3.16.
“Default Interest Rate” means the Interest Rate plus four percent (4%); provided,
however, the Default Interest Rate shall never exceed the maximum rate permitted by
applicable Law.
“Defaulting Party” has the meaning set forth in Section 12.1(a) or (b).
“Delay Damages” has the meaning set forth in Section 5.4.
“Delay Damages Account” has the meaning set forth in Section 5.4(a).
“Delay Damages Account Control Agreement” has the meaning set forth in
Section 5.4(a).
“Delivered Energy” means the Buyer’s Percentage of the Energy produced from
the Project, as measured in MWh by the Project Meter at the Delivery Point in
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accordance with PJM rules. In no event shall Delivered Energy exceed 200 MWs in any
given hour.
“Delivery Point”
(a)
for all Delivered Energy delivered pursuant to this Agreement shall be the
Point of Receipt;
(b)
for the Contract Capacity Amount for any Capacity Year shall be as set
forth in the PJM Agreements and the PJM Capacity Rules;
(c)
for Environmental Attributes shall be as set forth in the GATS Operating
Rules or other applicable Laws; and
(d)
for Ancillary Services (if any), shall be as set forth in the PJM
Agreements.
“Delmarva Zone” means the geographic area defined as the Delmarva Zone, as
may be modified from time to time, within the PJM Control Area, as set forth in
Attachment J to the PJM Tariff.
“DEMEC” means Delaware Municipal Electric Corporation, or any successor
organization thereto.
“Development Period Security” has the meaning set forth in Section 8.1(a).
“Direct Claim” means any claim by an Indemnitee on account of an Indemnifiable
Loss which does not result from a Third Party Claim.
“Disclosing Party” has the meaning set forth in Section 14.8.
“Disclosure Order” has the meaning set forth in Section 14.8.
“Dispatch Down Period” means the period of time during which (a) there is any
curtailment ordered from PJM or any Governmental Authority, including the temporary
shutdown of the Project for reasons including but not limited to any Emergency, (b) there
is any curtailment ordered by Buyer based on any warning of an anticipated Emergency,
or warning of an imminent condition or situation, which jeopardizes Buyer’s electric
system integrity or the integrity of other systems to which Buyer is connected, as
determined by Buyer in Buyer’s discretion consistent with Good Utility Practice and not
inconsistent with the PJM Agreements or applicable Interconnection Agreements;
(c) there is any curtailment ordered by Buyer due to over generation as established in
accordance with the PJM Agreements or applicable Interconnection Agreements;
(d) there is any curtailment ordered by Buyer in accordance with the PJM Agreements or
applicable Interconnection Agreements based upon Buyer’s forecast of over generation,
including, but not limited to, a request by PJM to manage over generation conditions;
(e) there is any curtailment ordered by a Participating Transmission Owner in accordance
with the PJM Agreements or applicable Interconnection Agreements; (f) there is
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scheduled or unscheduled maintenance on a Participating Transmission Owner’s
transmission facilities or the Interconnection Facilities that prevents (i) Buyer from
receiving or (ii) Seller from delivering Delivered Energy at the Delivery Point or
transmission of Energy from the Delivery Point; or (g) Buyer or Seller otherwise curtails,
interrupts, or reduces deliveries of Energy pursuant to the terms of the Interconnection
Agreements; provided, however, none of (a) through (g) shall be caused by any act or
failure to act by Buyer that is inconsistent with Buyer’s rights and obligations under this
Agreement or the Interconnection Agreements.
“Early Termination Date” has the meaning set forth in Section 12.2(a).
“Eastern Prevailing Time” or “EPT” means Eastern Standard Time or Eastern
Daylight Savings Time, whichever is in effect on any particular date.
“Economically Unfeasible” means that, as demonstrated by Seller and confirmed
by the Independent Evaluator in a written report to Buyer and Seller explaining the
rationale for its conclusion, Seller, as a reasonably prudent wind power developer, acting
consistent with Good Utility Practice and applying a risk/return calculation typical of the
wind electricity generation industry, would not choose to develop an offshore wind
power generation facility at the Site under the rules and procedures set forth in the MMS
Regulations, taken in combination with the terms of the Agreement.
“Effective Date” is the first date on which the conditions precedent to the full
effectiveness of this Agreement have occurred as set forth in Section 5.1.
“Electrical Interconnection Facilities” means the apparatus required to safely and
reliably interconnect with and deliver Energy from the Units to the Delivery Point and for
the Seller to satisfy its obligations pursuant to Section 3.1(a), including the collection
system between each Unit and the offshore transmission or switching equipment,
transmission from the offshore location of the Project to the onshore Project substation
facilities, connection, transformation, switching, metering, communications, control, and
safety equipment related thereto, including both those Electrical Interconnection
Facilities required pursuant to the terms of the Interconnection Agreements and the
facilities described on Appendix 1 hereto under the heading “Electrical Interconnection
Facilities”; provided that, by including any offshore electrical facilities in the Electrical
Interconnection Facilities for purposes of this Agreement, Seller does not consent to the
exercise of jurisdiction over such facilities by PJM or FERC to the extent PJM or FERC
does not otherwise have such jurisdiction.
“Electrical Losses” means all applicable losses, including, but not limited to, any
transmission or transformation losses between the Units and the Point of Receipt, and any
method to account for losses established by PJM and assigned to the Point of Receipt for
the Project.
“Emergency” means (i) an abnormal system condition requiring manual or
automatic action to maintain system frequency, or to prevent loss of firm load, equipment
damage, or tripping of system elements that could adversely affect the reliability of an
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electric system or the safety of persons or property; or (ii) a condition that requires
implementation of Emergency procedures as defined in the PJM Manuals.
“Energy” means three-phase, 60-cycle alternating current electric energy,
expressed in units of kilowatt-hours or megawatt-hours, net of auxiliary loads and station
electrical uses (unless otherwise specified).
“Environmental Attributes” means “Renewable Energy Credits” and “Generation
Attributes” of the Project that the Renewable Energy Credits represent (as both terms are
defined by the Commission RPS Rules and the RPS Act), and any and all other federal,
state or other credits, Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative credits or certificates, benefits,
emissions reductions, offsets, or allowances, howsoever entitled, that are attributable to
the Project, the Products or the Project’s displacement of fossil-fuel derived or other
conventional Energy generation (other than PTCs or other monetary grants or tax
credits), including, without limitation, (i) any environmental certificates issued by PJM
under the GATS in connection with Energy generated by the Project; (ii) any such
Environmental Attributes attributable to the Cleared Capacity Value of the Project; or
(iii) any voluntary emission reduction credits obtained from the Project.
“EPC Contract” means the Seller’s engineering, procurement and construction
contract with the EPC Contractor for the construction of all aspects of the Project other
than that portion that is subject to the Turbine Supply Agreement.
“EPC Contractor” means the engineering, procurement and construction
contractor responsible for constructing the Project pursuant to the EPC Contract.
“EPC Notice to Proceed” means the notice to proceed issued to the EPC
Contractor under the EPC Contract to commence the construction activities relating to the
Project.
“Equitable Defenses” means any bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization and other
Laws affecting creditors’ rights generally, and with regard to equitable remedies, the
discretion of the court before which proceedings to obtain same may be pending.
“Event of Default” shall mean a Seller’s Event of Default and/or a Buyer’s Event
of Default.
“Excess Products” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.1(c).
“Execution Date” shall mean the date first above written.
“Expected Generation Schedule” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.5(a)(i).
“Federal Funds Interest Rate” means, for any day, the weighted average (rounded
upwards, if necessary, to the next 1/100 of 1%) of the rates on overnight Federal funds
transactions with members of the Federal Reserve System arranged by Federal funds
brokers, as published on the next succeeding Business Day by the Federal Reserve Bank
of New York, or, if such rate is not so published for such next succeeding Business Day,
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Execution Version
the average (rounded upwards, if necessary, to the next 1/100 of 1%) of the quotations for
such day.
“FERC” means the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, or any successor
organization.
“FIN 46” has the meaning set forth in Section 5.1(a).
“FIN 46 Determination” has the meaning set forth in Section 12.4.
“Financial Closing” means the binding closing of the debt or other third party
financing necessary to construct the entire Project.
“Financing Closing Deadline” has the meaning set forth in Section 5.2(e).
“First Party” has the meaning set forth in Section 14.15.
“Fitch” means Fitch Investors Service, Inc. or its successor.
“Force Majeure Event” shall mean any event or circumstance which wholly or
partly prevents or delays performance of any obligations arising under this Agreement,
but only if and to the extent such event or circumstance is beyond the reasonable control
of, and not the result of the fault or negligence of, or caused by, the Party seeking to have
its performance obligation excused thereby, which by the exercise of due diligence such
Party could not reasonably have been expected to avoid, and which by exercise of due
diligence it has been unable to overcome, including but not limited to: (1) acts of God,
including but not limited to landslide, lightning, earthquake, storm, hurricane, flood,
drought, tornado, or other natural disasters and weather related events; (2) fire or
explosions; (3) transportation accidents affecting delivery of equipment only if such
accident occurs prior to the Commercial Operation Date of the Project or the Units in
question; (4) sabotage, riot, acts of terrorism, war and acts of public enemy; or
(5) restraint by court order or other Governmental Authority; provided that such restraint
is of a general nature and not specific to the Project, the Agreement or the Buyer Group
or Seller Group and does not arise from any action or inaction of the Party claiming the
Force Majeure Event that is in contravention of or not consistent with its rights and
obligations under this Agreement or is otherwise in violation of Law.
Force Majeure Events shall not include: (i) a failure of performance of any third
party, including any party providing electric transmission service, except to the extent
that such failure was caused by an event that would otherwise satisfy the definition of a
Force Majeure Event as defined above; (ii) economic hardship; (iii) lack of need for, or
the availability of more favorable terms for the purchase or sale of, any Product during
the Services Term or the Pre-Services Term Period; (iv) failure to timely apply for, obtain
or maintain Permits; (v) breakage or malfunction of equipment (except to the extent that
such failure was caused by an event that would otherwise satisfy the definition of a Force
Majeure Event as defined above); and (vi) a Forced Outage (except to the extent that such
failure was caused by an event that would otherwise satisfy the definition of a Force
Majeure Event as defined above).
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“Forced Outage” means any unplanned reduction or suspension of the electrical
output from the Unit, Unit Group, or Project (as applicable) or unavailability of a Product
in whole or in part from the Unit, Unit Group, or Project (as applicable) in response to an
Emergency or unanticipated mechanical or electrical trip in response to an alarm or
equipment malfunction (such events as specified in the PJM Agreements) and any other
unavailability of the Project for operation, in whole or in part, for maintenance or repair
that is not a Planned Outage or Maintenance Outage and not the result of a Force Majeure
Event.
“Forecast Consultant” means an experienced commercial wind energy forecast
provider reasonably acceptable to Buyer; provided that, following a designation of a
Forecast Consultant, if the forecasts for Energy delivered to the Delivery Point provided
by such Forecast Consultant to Buyer pursuant to Section 3.5 shall deviate (for a period
to be established by the Operating Committee) by more than twenty five percent (25%),
in the case of next-day forecasts, or by more than ten percent (10%), in the case of nexthour forecasts, in each case from the actual Delivered Energy delivered to the Delivery
Point, upon the request of Buyer, Seller and Buyer shall agree on a mutually acceptable
replacement Forecast Consultant. The Parties agree to periodically consider in good faith
the incorporation of alternative performance benchmarks based upon the generally
accepted state of the art in forecast performance as it may evolve over time.
“Forecast Period” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.5(a)(i).
“Forecasted Energy Notices” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.5(a).
“GAAP” means generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of
America in effect from time to time.
“Gains” means, with respect to a Non-Defaulting Party, an amount equal to the
present value of the economic benefit to it, if any (exclusive of Costs), resulting from the
termination of this Agreement and commencing from the Early Termination Date for the
remaining Pre-Services Period Term and Services Term, determined in a commercially
reasonable manner and based on the Projected Delivered Energy for such period of time,
subject to Section 12.2 and Section 12.6. Factors used in determining economic benefit
may include, without limitation, reference to information either available to it internally
or supplied by one or more third parties, including, without limitation, quotations (either
firm or indicative) of relevant rates, prices, yields, yield curves, volatilities, spreads or
other relevant market data in the relevant markets, market price references, market prices
for a comparable transaction, forward price curves based on economic analysis of the
relevant markets, settlement prices for a comparable transaction at liquid trading hubs
(e.g., NYMEX), all of which should be calculated for the remaining Pre-Services Term
Period and Services Term to determine the value of the Products. The discount rate to be
applied for purposes of determining any Gains shall be the same discount rate applied for
purposes of determining any Losses.
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“GATS” means the Generation Attribute Tracking System developed by PJMEnvironmental Information Services, Inc. and operated in accordance with GATS
Operating Rules, or any successor system and/or rules.
“GATS Operating Rules” means the operating rules for the GATS that are
published by the PJM Environmental Information Services, Inc., from time to time and
that are currently posted on the PJM Internet site at www.pjmeis.com/documents/downloads/gats-operating-rules.pdf as of the Execution Date.
“Good Utility Practices” means any of the practices, methods, and acts engaged in
or approved by a significant portion of the electric utility industry (in the case of Buyer)
and the wind power industry (in the case of Seller) during the relevant time period, and
any of the practices, methods and acts which, in the exercise of reasonable judgment in
light of the facts known at the time the decision is made, could have been expected to
accomplish the desired result at a reasonable cost consistent with good business practices,
reliability, safety and expedition. Good Utility Practice is not intended to be limited to
the optimum practice, method, or act to the exclusion of all others, but rather is intended
to include acceptable practices, methods, or acts generally accepted in the region.
“Governmental Authority” means any international, federal, state, local or
municipal government, governmental department, commission, board, bureau, agency, or
instrumentality, or any judicial, regulatory or administrative body, having jurisdiction as
to the matter in question.
“Governmental Charges” means, other than Taxes, any charges or costs that are
assessed or levied by any Governmental Authority (other than charges imposed by PJM
or any other interconnection or transmission provider) or other Person, including local,
state or federal authorities that would affect the sale and purchase of Products
contemplated by this Agreement, either directly or indirectly.
“Guaranteed Initial Delivery Date” means December 1, 2014.
“Hazardous Substance” means, collectively, (a) any chemical, material or
substance that is listed or regulated under applicable Laws as a “hazardous” or “toxic”
substance or waste, or as a “contaminant” or “pollutant” or words of similar import,
(b) any petroleum or petroleum products, flammable materials, explosives, radioactive
materials, asbestos, urea formaldehyde foam insulation, and transformers or other
equipment that contain polychlorinated biphenyls (“PCBs”), and (c) any other chemical
or other material or substance, exposure to which is prohibited, limited or regulated by
any Laws.
“Hourly Schedule Updates” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.5(a)(iv).
“Indemnifiable Loss” means any and all damages, claims, losses, liabilities,
obligations, costs and expenses, including reasonable legal, accounting and other
expenses, and the costs and expenses of any and all actions, suits, proceedings, demands
(by any Person, including any Governmental Authority), assessments, judgments,
settlements and compromises.
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“Indemnitee” has the meaning set forth in Section 11.1(c).
“Indemnitor” has the meaning set forth in Section 11.1(c).
“Independent Evaluator” means an independent and neutral Person with a
nationally recognized reputation in the analysis of the development and financing of wind
energy projects to be nominated by Seller and approved by Buyer in its reasonable
discretion within thirty (30) days of Seller’s nomination thereof; provided however that
the Independent Evaluator shall not be then, currently as of the nomination, engaged by,
or on behalf of, or have previously been engaged by or on behalf of, Seller or any
Affiliate of Seller unless expressly disclosed to and approved by Buyer, such approval
not be unreasonably withheld.
“Indian River Line Assets” means those interconnection facilities that the
applicable Participating Transmission Owner (which may be Buyer) will assume
ownership of and maintain for a fee paid by Seller. These are generally described as the
interconnection facilities between Seller’s on-shore substation, as identified in
Appendix 1, and the Point of Receipt at the Indian River Substation. These assets shall
include an approximately twelve (12) mile 230 or 138 kV transmission line, breakers,
switches, metering, and an appropriate transformer, if required consistent with Good
Utility Practice, as further illustrated in Appendix 1.
“Indian River Substation” means the substation located next to Indian River
Power Plant on the Delmarva Peninsula in Sussex County, Delaware, as recognized by
PJM, to be specified in the Interconnection Construction Service Agreement and further
specified in Appendix 1.
“Initial Delivery Date” means the date on or after the Effective Date on which all
of the conditions precedent set forth in Section 5.3(a) have been satisfied or waived by
written agreement of the Parties.
“Initial Performance Test” has the meaning used in Section 3.12.
“Instructed Operation” means (i) an Operational Order, (ii) a mandatory direction
of PJM, or (iii) an action required pursuant to the PJM RAA to meet Emergencies and
reliability needs including voltage support.
“Interconnection Agreements” means, collectively, as appropriate, (i) the
interconnection agreement to be entered into among PJM, Seller and Buyer for the
interconnection of the Project to the PJM Grid at the Delivery Point, (ii) the
Interconnection Services Agreement, (iii) the Interconnection Construction Services
Agreement, and (iv) the Interconnection Studies.
“Interconnection Construction Services Agreement” means an agreement entered
into by Seller, the Participating Transmission Owner, and PJM pursuant to Subpart B of
Part VI of the PJM Tariff and in the form set forth in Attachment P of the PJM Tariff,
relating to construction of Attachment Facilities, Network Upgrades, and Local Upgrades
(as each such term is defined in the PJM Tariff) and coordination of the construction and
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Execution Version
interconnection of an associated Customer Facility (as defined in the PJM Tariff). The
Interconnection Construction Service Agreement between Buyer, Seller, and PJM with
respect to the Indian River Line Assets shall include: (1) descriptions and drawings
detailing the interconnection facilities and construction responsibilities; (2) the use of
Buyer’s Indian River to Bethany rights of way (approximately twelve (12) miles) for
construction of facilities serving Seller; (3) a schedule of key dates for completion of the
Indian River Line Assets; and (4) a payment schedule for construction of the Indian River
Line Assets commensurate with expected construction costs.
“Interconnection Services Agreement” means an agreement among PJM, Seller,
and the applicable Participating Transmission Owner (which may be Buyer) regarding
interconnection under Part IV and Part VI of the PJM Tariff with respect to the Project.
“Interconnection Studies” means, collectively, the Interconnection Feasibility
Study, System Impact Study, Facilities Study, and Optional Interconnection Study (as
such terms are defined in the PJM Tariff) or other studies regarding interconnection of
new generation facilities undertaken by PJM pursuant to the PJM Tariff with respect to
the Project for interconnection of new generation facilities.
“Interest Rate” means the Prime Rate plus two percent (2%); provided, however,
after the occurrence and during the continuation of an Event of Default by a Party, the
Interest Rate applicable with respect to payments made by such Party shall be the Default
Interest Rate, and provided further, that the Interest Rate shall never exceed the
maximum rate permitted by applicable Law.
“kW” means kilowatt(s).
“kWh” means one kilowatt of electric power over a period of one hour.
“Law” means any statute, law, treaty, convention, rule, regulation, ordinance,
code, Permit, enactment, injunction, order, writ, decision, authorization, judgment, decree
or other legal or regulatory determination or restriction issued, adopted, administered or
implemented by a court or Governmental Authority, including any of the foregoing that
are enacted, amended, or issued after the Execution Date, and which become effective
during the Contract Term; or any binding interpretation of the foregoing.
“Letter(s) of Credit” shall mean a letter of credit in the form of an irrevocable,
transferable standby letter of credit from a Qualified Issuer, in form and substance
reasonably satisfactory to Buyer.
“Licensed Professional Engineer” means a person mutually acceptable to Buyer
and Seller, each in its reasonable discretion, who (i) has training and experience in the
power industry specific to the technology of the Project, (ii) has no economic
relationship, association, or nexus with Seller or Buyer, other than to meet the obligations
of Seller pursuant to this Agreement, (iii) is not a representative of a consultant, engineer,
contractor, designer or other individual involved in the development, construction or
operation of the Project or of a manufacturer or supplier of any equipment installed at the
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Project, and (iv) is licensed in an appropriate engineering discipline for the required
certification being made.
“Lien” means any mortgage, pledge, hypothecation, assignment, mandatory
deposit arrangement, encumbrance, lien (statutory or other), or preference, priority or
other security agreement of any kind or nature whatsoever, including, without limitation,
any sale-leaseback arrangement, any conditional sale or other title retention agreement,
and any financing lease having substantially the same effect as any of the foregoing.
“Load Serving Entity” or “LSE” means any entity (or the duly designated agent
of such an entity), including a load aggregator or power marketer, (i) serving an end-user
within the PJM Control Area, and (ii) that has been granted the authority or has an
obligation pursuant to state or local Law, regulation or franchise to sell electric energy to
end-users located within the PJM Control Area.
“Locational Marginal Price” means the locational price for Energy at the Delivery
Point as determined by PJM in accordance with the PJM Agreements; or equivalent
concept by PJM with the same economic effect as Locational Marginal Price as set forth
herein.
“Losses” means, with respect to a Non-Defaulting Party, an amount equal to the
present value of the economic loss to it, if any (exclusive of Costs), resulting from
termination of this Agreement and commencing from the Early Termination Date for the
remainder of the Pre-Services Term Period and the Services Term, determined in a
commercially reasonable manner and based on the Projected Delivered Energy for such
period of time, subject to Section 12.2 and Section 12.6. Factors used in determining the
loss of economic benefit may include, without limitation, reference to information either
available to it internally or supplied by one or more third parties including, without
limitation, quotations (either firm or indicative) of relevant rates, prices, yields, yield
curves, volatilities, spreads or other relevant market data in the relevant markets, market
price references, market prices for a comparable transaction, forward price curves based
on economic analysis of the relevant markets, settlement prices for a comparable
transaction at liquid trading hubs (e.g. NYMEX), all of which should be calculated for
the remaining term of the Agreement to determine the value of the Products. The
discount rate to be applied for purposes of determining any Losses shall be the same
discount rate applied for purposes of determining any Gains. If the Non-Defaulting Party
is the Seller, then “Losses” shall exclude any loss of Production Tax Credits or other
federal or state tax credits related to the Project or generation therefrom.
“Maintenance Outage” means a “Generator Maintenance Outage” as defined in
the PJM Agreements.
“Maximum Delay Damages” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 5.4.
“Mechanical Availability Percentage” shall mean, for a given period and for all
Units and Electrical Interconnection Facilities that are a part of the Project during such
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period or any part thereof (the “Relevant Units”), a percentage calculated in accordance
with the following formula:
Mechanical
Availability
Percentage
= 100 X
(the sum of the aggregate Operational Hours during the
applicable period for all Relevant Units)
___________________________________________
(the sum of the aggregate Base Hours during the
applicable period for all Relevant Units)
Where:
“Base Hours” for each Relevant Unit shall mean the number of hours in the
applicable period, less the sum of (without duplication):
(1) any hours (or portions of an hour) during such period that such
Relevant Unit is not operational or is unable to deliver Delivered Energy as a
result of an Instructed Operation or Dispatch Down Period (but excluding hours
(or portions of hours) in which such Dispatch Down Period or Instructed
Operation is in effect due to the act or omission of Seller (to the extent
inconsistent with Seller’s rights and obligations hereunder));
(2)
any hours (or portions of an hour) during such period that such
Relevant Unit is not operational or is unable to deliver Delivered Energy solely as
a result of Operational Limitations and not because the Relevant Unit is
unavailable to deliver Delivered Energy due to a Planned Outage, a Maintenance
Outage or a Forced Outage; and
(3) any hours (or portions of an hour) during such period that such
Relevant Unit is not operational or is unable to deliver Delivered Energy solely as
a result of a Force Majeure Event and not because the Relevant Unit is
unavailable to deliver Delivered Energy due to a Planned Outage, a Maintenance
Outage or a Forced Outage;
provided that, for purposes of the calculation of the Mechanical
Availability Percentage under Section 12.1(a)(viii), the amount of hours set forth
in Item (3) above shall not be subtracted from the definition of Base Hours.
“Operational Hours” for each Relevant Unit shall mean the number of hours (or
portions of an hour) in the applicable period, less the sum of (without
duplication):
(1) any hours (or portions of an hour) during such period that such
Relevant Unit is not operational or is unable to deliver Delivered Energy as a
result of a Dispatch Down Period or an Instructed Operation (including, for the
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Execution Version
avoidance of doubt, hours (or portions of hours) in which such Dispatch Down
Period or Instructed Operation is in effect due to the act or omission of Seller (to
the extent inconsistent with Seller’s rights and obligations hereunder));
(2) any hours (or portions of an hour) during such period that such
Relevant Unit is not operational or is unable to deliver Delivered Energy solely as
a result of Operational Limitations and not because the Relevant Unit is
unavailable to deliver Delivered Energy due to a Planned Outage, a Maintenance
Outage or a Forced Outage;
(3)
any hours (or portions of an hour) during such period that such
Relevant Unit is not operational or is unable to deliver Delivered Energy as a
result of a Planned Outage or Maintenance Outage or a Forced Outage; and
(4) any hours (or portions of an hour) during such period that such
Relevant Unit is not operational or is unable to deliver Delivered Energy solely as
a result of a Force Majeure Event and not because the Relevant Unit is
unavailable to deliver Delivered Energy due to a Planned Outage, a Maintenance
Outage or a Forced Outage.
“Milestone” shall mean any or each of the milestones forth in Schedule 1 relating
to the construction, development, testing and operation of the Project.
“Minimum Performance Requirement” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.15.
“MMS” means the Minerals Management Service, a bureau of the United States
Department of the Interior, or its successor agency.
“MMS Regulations” has the meaning set forth in Section 5.6.
“Monthly Fixed Payment” or “MFP” has the meaning set forth in Section 4.2(b).
“Monthly Payment Date” has the meaning set forth in Section 6.2.
“Monthly Schedule” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.5(a)(ii).
“Moody’s” means Moody’s Investor Services, Inc., or its successor.
“MPR Base Amount” shall mean the product of the following equation, expressed
in MWh: ((Buyer’s Percentage of Project Capacity x 8760) x .32).
“MW” means megawatts.
“MWh” means megawatt hour.
“NERC” means the North American Electric Reliability Corporation or a
successor organization that is responsible for establishing reliability criteria and
protocols.
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“Network Upgrades” means the transmission facilities that meet the definitions of
Network Upgrades which are identified by PJM as necessary to allow the Project’s
Capacity to be recognized as a Capacity Resource by PJM as determined and identified in
the Interconnection Studies approved in connection with the construction of the Project.
Network Upgrades do not include the Indian River Line Assets or the modifications
necessary to the Indian River Substation to connect the Indian River Line Assets that are
directly assigned to Seller.
“Non-Defaulting Party” has the meaning set forth in Section 12.2.
“Notice” means a written communication which is delivered in the manner
required by Section 14.1, as applicable to that communication.
“Notice of Claim” has the meaning set forth in Section 11.1(c).
“Operating Procedures” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.13.
“Operational Limitations” of the Project are the parameters set forth in
Appendix 1, describing the operational limitations of the Project.
“Operational Order” means a mandate issued by a Governmental Authority or
PJM that the Seller has no discretion to ignore or avoid to offer or provide a Product or to
Start-Up, Shut-Down, curtail or operate all or any part of the Project. An Operational
Order would include, for example, a mandate issued by the U.S. Secretary of Energy to
offer capacity or energy or to operate the Project during an Emergency. In contrast, by
way of further example, a legal obligation to test all or any part of the Project for the
purpose of maintaining its Permits is not considered an Operational Order.
“Outage” means the partial or full unavailability or inability of each Unit of the
Project or any portion of the Project associated with the ability to deliver Products or to
operate at 100% of its Capacity due to a Forced Outage, Scheduled Maintenance Outage,
or Force Majeure Event, including any derating or inability to produce a Product (other
than as disclosed in Appendix 1 as an Operational Limitation).
“Outage/Availability Notification Form” has the meaning set forth in
Section 3.10(a).
“Outage/Availability Notification Procedures” has the meaning set forth in
Section 3.5(c).
“Outage Due to Wind Conditions” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.10(g).
“Outage Extension” means an extension of a Planned Outage or Maintenance
Outage beyond its previously estimated completion date established at the start of the
Planned Outage or Maintenance Outage that satisfies the requirement for a Planned
Outage extension or Maintenance Outage extension as specified in the PJM Agreements.
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Execution Version
“Participating Transmission Owner” means an entity that (i) owns, operates and
maintains transmission lines and associated facilities and/or has entitlements to use
certain transmission lines and associated facilities, and (ii) has transferred to PJM
operational control of such facilities and/or entitlements to be made part of the PJM Grid.
“Party” or “Parties” has the meaning set forth in the first paragraph of the
Agreement.
“Permit” means any permit, authorization, license, order, consent, waiver,
exception, exemption, variance, or other approval by or from, and any filing, report,
certification, declaration, notice or submission to or with any Governmental Authority,
including any of the foregoing relating to the ownership, siting, construction, operation,
use or maintenance of the Project under any applicable environmental or other Law.
“Permitting Deadline” has the meaning set forth in Section 5.2(c).
“Permitting Milestone” has the meaning set forth in Section 5.2(c).
“Person” means an individual, partnership, joint venture, corporation, limited
liability company, trust, association or unincorporated organization, or any Governmental
Authority.
“PDE Multiplier” means, as of the date of calculation of Projected Delivered
Energy, the ratio of (1) Projected Project Nameplate Capacity; divided by (2) Capacity
(expressed in MWs) of the Project as of such date of calculation.
“PJM” means PJM Interconnection, LLC, or any successor organization thereto.
“PJM Agreements” means the PJM Tariff, PJM Operating Agreement, PJM RAA,
PJM Manuals and any other applicable PJM bylaws, procedures, rules, manuals or
documents, or any successor, superseding or amended versions thereof that may take
effect from time to time.
“PJM Capacity Rules” means the rules and procedures for the PJM capacity
markets set forth in the PJM Agreements, currently Attachment DD of the PJM Tariff,
and as further explained in PJM Manual 18: PJM Capacity Market, as such rules and
procedures may be amended from time to time.
“PJM Control Area” means the control area recognized by NERC as the PJM
Control Area.
“PJM Grid” means the system of transmission lines and associated facilities of the
Participating Transmission Owners that have been placed under PJM’s operational
control.
“PJM Manual” or “PJM Manuals” means the instructions, rules, procedures and
guidelines established by PJM for the operation, planning, and accounting requirements
of the PJM Control Area and PJM Interchange Energy Market.
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Execution Version
“PJM Member” means any entity satisfying the requirements of PJM to conduct
business with PJM, including transmission owners, generating entities, Load Serving
Entities and marketers.
“PJM Operating Agreement” means the Operating Agreement of PJM or its
successor, including superseding or amended versions of such operating agreement that
may take effect from time to time.
“PJM RAA” means the Reliability Assurance Agreement, dated as June 2, 1997,
as revised or amended, by and among Buyer and the other parties signatory thereto.
“PJM RPM Market” means the market administered by PJM for the centralized
procurement of unforced capacity for the purposes of LSEs meeting their capacity
obligations under the PJM Agreements as governed by the PJM Capacity Rules.
“PJM Tariff” means the PJM Open Access Transmission Tariff providing
transmission service within the PJM Control Area, as in effect from time to time,
including any schedules, appendices or exhibits attached thereto.
“Planned Outage” means a “Generator Planned Outage” as defined in the PJM
Agreements.
“Point of Receipt” means the point of interconnection on the PJM Grid where
Capacity and Energy from the Project will be made available to PJM under Part II of the
PJM Tariff, this point being on the high side of the 230/138 kV transformer at the Indian
River Substation, or if the transformer is not located at the Indian River Substation, the
bus or equivalent connection at the Indian River Substation to which the Indian River
Lines Assets are connected, as further detailed in Appendix 1.
“Post Date Certain Units” has the meaning set forth in Section 5.4(e).
“Power Curve” means the measure of the kWh output of a Unit or the Project as a
function of wind speed, measured consistent with Good Utility Practices (as applicable
for the terms of this Agreement) and provided in the Turbine Supply Agreement.
“Pre-Construction Services Agreement” has the meaning set forth in
Section 5.2(g).
“Pre-Initial
Section 3.1(a)(ii).
Delivery
Date
Products”
has
the
meaning
set
forth
in
“Pre-Services Term Period” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.1(a)(ii).
“Pre-Services Term Period Security” has the meaning set forth in Section 8.1(b).
“Prime Rate” means the per annum rate of interest published by the Wall Street
Journal as the prime lending rate or “prime rate”, with adjustments in that varying rate to
be made on the same day as any change in that rate is so published.
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“Product” shall mean, collectively, Energy, Contract Capacity, Ancillary Services
(if applicable), and Environmental Attributes.
“Project” means the electric generation facility described in Appendix 1,
consisting of the Units and the Site, the Electrical Interconnection Facilities, and any
other ancillary facilities, goods, equipment, rights to the Site and other rights, Permits and
real property associated therewith.
“Project Capacity” shall mean the total intended aggregate nameplate capacity
rating of the Project to be determined by Seller and declared by Seller to Buyer via
written Notice on or before the second anniversary of the Execution Date pursuant to
Section 2.4.
“Project Capacity Resource Clearing Price” means, for each Capacity Year, the
price point for the Base Residual Auction (BRA) Resource Clearing Price for such
Capacity Year in the Locational Delivery Area in which the Delivery Point is located, as
such price point shall be determined in accordance with the PJM Capacity Rules
expressed in dollars per kW-year or dollars per MW-year if appropriate.
“Project Commercial Operation” means Commercial Operation with respect to
the Project.
“Project Commercial Operation Date” means the date on which Seller (a) notifies
Buyer in writing that Project Commercial Operation has occurred (in accordance with the
Project size requirements of Section 5.4), and (b) provides a certification of a Licensed
Professional Engineer, substantially in the form attached hereto as Appendix 2, certifying
satisfactory completion of Project Commercial Operation.
“Project Contracts” shall mean the Turbine Contracts, the EPC Contract, the
Interconnection Agreements, any contract with the Forecast Consultant, any Project
operations agreement, and any other material contracts entered into in connection with
the development, construction, installation, maintenance, servicing or operation of the
Project or the provision of CMS and SCADA.
“Project Financing Liens” shall mean Liens granted to the Senior Secured
Lenders, which Liens secure construction loans, term-debt or working capital facilities of
the Project and which collectively comply with the provisions of Section 8.3 of the
Agreement.
“Project Meter” shall mean the revenue quality electricity generation meter
included within the Project facilities, the proposed location of which is identified in
Appendix 1 hereto, which meter shall register all Delivered Energy delivered to the
Delivery Point pursuant to the terms of this Agreement.
“Project Permitted Liens” means (i) the Liens created by the Senior Security
Documents so long as the same comply with the provisions of Section 8.3 of this
Agreement and (ii) other Liens permitted to exist under the terms of the Senior Security
Documents.
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“Project Security Agreements” has the meaning set forth in Section 8.3.
“Projected Delivered Energy” means:
(a)
if such date of calculation shall occur prior to the Initial Delivery Date, the
sum of the PDE Monthly Averages for each calendar month calculated over a deemed
term equal to twenty-five (25) years, where the “PDE Monthly Average” for each
calendar month of the year shall be the average of (i) the actual Delivered Energy plus
any Deemed Generated Energy for each full calendar month that has occurred since the
first Unit Group Commercial Operation Date, and (ii) the Delivered Energy for each such
full calendar month as set forth in the Expected Generation Schedule for each of such
calendar months for which the clause (i) data is unavailable, with each PDE Monthly
Average for the twelve (12) calendar months being multiplied by the PDE Multiplier (to
take into effect a presumed full Project nameplate capacity rating equal to the Projected
Project Nameplate Capacity); provided that the amount of Delivered Energy used in such
calculations (whether based on actual Delivered Energy, Deemed Generated Energy or
that set forth in the Expected Generation Schedule), shall not exceed the maximum
amounts of MWs for any hour or year which corresponds to the pro rata amounts
associated with the Projected Project Nameplate Capacity. The intent of this provision is
to recognize and take into account the seasonal nature of the Delivered Energy during the
course of a calendar year. For example, if the Pre-Services Term Period prior to the date
of calculation is 15 months commencing on January 1, the PDE Monthly Average would
be separately calculated for January, taking into account the historical data for the two
Januarys that shall have occurred in the Pre-Services Term Period, and the corresponding
data for those two Januarys in the Expected Generation Schedule. Similarly, the PDE
Monthly Average would be separately calculated for May, taking into account the
historical data for the one May that shall have occurred in the Pre-Services Term Period,
and the corresponding data for that May in the Expected Generation Schedule. The size
adjustment for the PDE Multiplier shall then be made for each calendar month, and each
such average monthly amount shall be presumed to apply for a deemed twenty-five
(25) year term. By way of further example, if the Pre-Services Term Period does not
include a particular calendar month in an applicable year, the PDE Monthly Average for
such month will be deemed to be Delivered Energy for such month as set forth in the
Expected Generation Schedule.
(b)
if such date of calculation shall occur after the Initial Delivery Date, the
sum of the Historical Monthly Averages for each calendar month calculated over a
deemed term equal to the number of months in the remaining Services Term that would
have been in effect in the absence of an Early Termination Date. The “Historical
Monthly Average” for each calendar month of the year shall be the average of the actual
Delivered Energy plus any Deemed Generated Energy for each such calendar month that
has occurred since the Initial Delivery Date; provided that in the event that there shall not
be at least three (3) years of historical performance data for any calendar month, then the
Historical Monthly Average for such calendar month shall be the average of (i) the
actual Delivered Energy plus any Deemed Generated Energy for each such full calendar
month that has occurred since the Initial Delivery Date, and (ii) the Delivered Energy for
each such full calendar month as set forth in the Expected Generation Schedule for each
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of such calendar months for which the clause (i) data is unavailable. If a particular
calendar month in an applicable year has not occurred since the Initial Delivery Date, the
Historical Monthly Average for such month will be deemed to be the Delivered Energy
for such month as set forth in the Expected Generation Schedule.
“Projected Project Nameplate Capacity” means at any time prior to the Initial
Delivery Date, the Project Capacity, provided, however, if the total Project Capacity has
not achieved Commercial Operation at such time, such lesser amount of MWs as the
Independent Evaluator shall confirm is reasonably likely to achieve Commercial
Operation by the Date Certain (which amount shall be zero if the Independent Evaluator
determines at least sixty percent (60%) of the Project Capacity would not have achieved
Commercial Operation by the Guaranteed Initial Delivery Date).
“PTC” has the meaning set forth in Section 5.7.
“PTC Termination Date” has the meaning set forth in Section 5.7.
“Qualified Issuer” means a U.S. commercial bank (or a foreign bank with a
U.S. branch reasonably acceptable to Buyer) having total assets of at least $10 billion and
a senior unsecured long-term Credit Rating (unenhanced by third-party support)
equivalent to A- or better as determined by S&P and the equivalent by Moody’s or Fitch.
“Rating Agency” or “Rating Agencies” shall mean, individually or collectively,
S&P, Moody’s and Fitch.
“Recording” has the meaning set forth in Section 14.17.
“Regulatory Approval” shall consist of:
(a)
that
a final non-appealable order of the Commission and the Agencies
(i)
approves the terms of the Agreement without modification
(ii)
orders Buyer to enter into the Agreement and
and
(iii) includes a provision from the Commission that authorizes
Buyer to recover its costs incurred as a result of the Agreement through its
rates, unless, after Commission review, any such costs are determined by
the Commission to have been incurred in bad faith, are the product of
waste or out of an abuse of discretion, or in violation of law.
(b)
approval of the Agreement by FERC to the extent FERC approval
is required.
“Regulatory Charges” has the meaning set forth in Section 9.2.
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“Regulatory Charges Payment” has the meaning set forth in Section 9.2.
“ReliabilityFirst Corporation” means ReliabilityFirst Corporation, a Delaware
non-profit corporation, or a successor organization that is responsible for establishing
reliability criteria and protocols under or on behalf of the NERC for the portion of the
PJM Control Area containing the Delmarva South Zone.
“Regulatory Disclosures” has the meaning set forth in Section 14.8.
“Renewable Energy Credits” or “RECs,” shall have the meaning set forth in the
Commission RPS Rules and the RPS Act.
“Replacement PPA” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.1(e).
“Resource Adequacy Requirement” or “RAR” means a standard or requirement
established and administered by the Commission, PJM, FERC, or other Governmental
Authority, whereby unit-specific Capacity is identified and the physical unit is made
available for meeting such requirement; the eligibility to count Capacity toward the
Resource Adequacy Requirement may be determined by identifying the full resource
adequacy capability of specific Units or an amount of resource adequacy capability from
a combination of all or any part of the Units (not including the PJM RPM Market as in
place as of the Execution Date and related PJM Agreements).
“RPS Act” shall mean Delaware’s Renewable Energy Portfolio Standards Act, 26
Del. C., § 351-363.
“S&P” means Standard and
McGraw Hill, Inc., or its successor.
Poor’s
Ratings
Group.,
a
division
of
“Scheduled Maintenance” means removing the equipment included in the Project,
or any portion thereof, from service availability, in whole or in part, for inspection and/or
general overhaul of one or more major equipment groups of the type that (i) is necessary
to reliably maintain the Project consistent with Good Utility Practices, (ii) cannot be
reasonably conducted during the Project’s operations, (iii) causes the available Capacity
to be reduced to less than 100% of the total Capacity (as applicable for a specific month)
and (iv) has been scheduled and Noticed in accordance with the requirements of
Section 3.10 and the PJM Manuals.
“Scheduled Maintenance Outage” is a Planned Outage or Maintenance Outage
during which Scheduled Maintenance is performed, provided that only a Planned Outage
or Maintenance Outage that has been Noticed and is otherwise in accordance with
Section 3.10 shall be considered a Scheduled Maintenance Outage.
“Second Party” has the meaning set forth in Section 14.15.
“Seller” shall mean Bluewater Wind Delaware LLC, a Delaware limited liability
company.
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“Seller Group” has the meaning set forth in Section 11.1(b).
“Seller’s Capacity Offer Discretion” shall mean the reasonable discretion of the
Seller to determine whether to submit an offer into the PJM RPM Market, and the
quantity, price, and other terms of such offers, all in accordance with the PJM Capacity
Rules, consistent with the objective of the Parties to maximize the Cleared Capacity
Value while allowing the Seller to reasonably manage the risk associated with
participating in the PJM RPM Market. The Parties acknowledge that, because of the
Seller’s Capacity Offer Discretion, the existence or amount of Cleared Capacity Value in
any Capacity Year is not guaranteed.
“Seller’s Event of Default” has the meaning set forth in Section 12.1(a).
“Senior Loan Documents” means the documents under which the Senior Secured
Lenders provide construction, working capital or term debt financing to Seller, secured
by the Senior Security Documents.
“Senior Secured Lenders” means Persons not affiliated with Seller who provide
construction, working capital or term debt financing for the Project (and the agents
thereof) and hold first-priority security interests in the collateral granted under the Senior
Security Documents.
“Senior Security Documents” means, collectively, all documents granting the
Senior Secured Lenders a security interest in any property or assets of the Seller to secure
the obligations of the Seller to the Senior Secured Lenders under the Senior Loan
Documents, including a mortgage and security agreement.
“Services Term” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.1.
“Services Term Security” has the meaning set forth in Section 8.1(c).
“Settlement Amount” has the meaning set forth in Section 12.2(d).
“Shared Facilities” shall mean one or more off-shore substations which are
included in the Project, all undersea cables connecting such substations to land, access
rights to the Indian River Line Assets and all other rights and property associated with the
transmission of Energy from the off-shore substations to the Point of Receipt.
“Shut-Down” means the action of causing all or part of the Project to cease
producing Energy and/or Ancillary Services (if applicable).
“Site” means certain federal waters of the Atlantic Ocean off of the coast of
Delaware, certain Delaware State waters, and certain associated real property and rights
therein located onshore in the State of Delaware, where the Project (including the
Electrical Interconnection Facilities) is located, as identified and described in
Appendix 1.
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“Start-Up” means the action of causing all or part of the Project to begin
producing Energy and/or Ancillary Services (if applicable) from a state of no or zero
production.
“Subsequent Performance Tests” has the meaning used in Section 3.12.
“Tax Investor” has the meaning set forth in Section 14.5(a).
“Taxes” means all foreign and domestic taxes, rates, levies, assessments,
surcharges, duties and other fees and charges of any nature, whether currently in effect or
adopted during the Term, including but not limited to, ad valorem, consumption, excise,
franchise, gross receipts, import, export, license, property, sales, stamp, storage, transfer,
turnover, use or value-added Taxes, payroll, unemployment, and any and all items of
withholding, deficiency, penalty, addition to tax, interest or assessment related thereto.
“Termination Fee” has the meaning set forth in Section 5.4.
“Termination Payment” has the meaning used in Section 12.2.
“Test Energy” means that Delivered Energy which is produced by a Unit, a Unit
Group or the Project (as applicable) and delivered to the Delivery Point for Buyer’s
purchase pursuant to Section 3.1(a)(iii), in order to perform testing of a Unit, a Unit
Group or the Project (as applicable), prior to Commercial Operation.
“Third Party” means a Person that is not a member of the Buyer Group or the
Seller Group.
“Third Party Claim” means a claim, suit or similar demand by a Third Party.
“Turbine Contracts” shall mean the Turbine Supply Agreement and any related
wind turbine generator service and maintenance agreement entered into by Seller, and
any guarantees or credit support provided in connection therewith.
“Turbine Notice to Proceed” means the notice to proceed issued to the Turbine
Supplier under the Turbine Supply Agreement.
“Turbine Supplier” means the vendor to be selected by Seller to enter into the
Turbine Supply Agreement, currently anticipated to be Vestas Wind Systems A/S.
“Turbine Supply Agreement” means the agreement to be entered into by Seller
and the Turbine Supplier for the supply to the Project of the Units set forth on
Appendix 1 hereto, and the related turbine warranty agreement providing certain
warranties and/or guaranties in connection with the performance of the Units.
“Turbine Supply Availability” shall mean the mechanical “availability” of a Unit
as determined in accordance with the Turbine Supply Agreement.
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Execution Version
“Unit” means each of the wind generation units described in Appendix 1 forming
a part of the Project from which Seller has agreed to provide Products to Buyer pursuant
to this Agreement.
“Unit Commercial Operation” means the achievement of Commercial Operation
with respect to a Unit.
“Unit Commercial Operation Date” means the date on which Seller (a) notifies
Buyer in writing that Unit Commercial Operation for a Unit has occurred, and
(b) provides a certification of a Licensed Professional Engineer, substantially in the form
attached hereto as Appendix 2, certifying satisfactory completion of Commercial
Operation for the Unit in question.
“Unit Group” shall mean each forty-five (45) MW (or lesser amount with respect
to the final group of Units to be constructed during a construction season pursuant to
Section 3.1(a)(ii)) nameplate capacity group of Units which Seller sequentially installs at
the Site.
“Unit Group Commercial Operation” means the achievement of Commercial
Operation with respect to a Unit Group.
“Unit Group Commercial Operation Date” means the date on which Seller
(a) notifies Buyer in writing that Unit Group Commercial Operation for a Unit Group has
occurred, and (b) provides a certification of a Licensed Professional Engineer,
substantially in the form attached hereto as Appendix 2, certifying satisfactory
completion of Commercial Operation for the Unit Group in question.
“United States Bankruptcy Code” means title 11 of the United States Code.
1.2
Interpretation. Unless otherwise required by the context in which any
term appears: (a) capitalized terms used in this Agreement shall have the meanings
specified in Section 1.1; (b) the singular shall include the plural and vice versa;
(c) references to “Articles,” “Sections,” “Schedules,” “Annexes,” “Appendices” or
“Exhibits” (if any) shall be to articles, sections, schedules, annexes, appendices or
exhibits hereof, unless otherwise specified; (d) all references to a particular Person in any
capacity shall be deemed to refer also to such Person’s successors and permitted assigns
in such capacity; (e) the words “herein,” “hereof” and “hereunder” shall refer to this
Agreement as a whole and not to any particular section or subsection hereof; (f) the
words “include,” “includes” and “including” shall be deemed to be followed by the
phrase “without limitation” and shall not be construed to mean that the examples given
are an exclusive list of the topics covered; (g) all accounting terms not specifically
defined herein shall be construed in accordance with GAAP; (h) references to this
Agreement shall include a reference to all appendices, annexes, schedules and exhibits
hereto, as the same may be amended, modified, supplemented or replaced from time to
time; (i) references to any agreement, document or instrument, including the PJM
Agreements, shall be construed at a particular time to refer to such agreement, document
or instrument as the same may be amended, modified, supplemented or replaced as of
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such time; (j) the masculine shall include the feminine and neuter and vice versa;
(k) references to a Law shall mean a reference to such Law as the same may be amended,
modified, supplemented or restated and be in effect from time to time; (l) the term
“month” shall mean a calendar month unless otherwise indicated, and a “day” shall be a
24-hour period beginning at 12:00:01 a.m. and ending at 12:00:00 midnight; provided
that a “day” may be 23 or 25 hours on those days on which daylight savings time begins
or ends; (m) words, phrases or expressions not otherwise defined herein that (i) have a
generally accepted meaning in Good Utility Practice or the PJM Agreements, as
applicable, shall have such meaning in this Agreement or (ii) do not have well known and
generally accepted meaning in Good Utility Practice but that have well known technical
or trade meanings shall have such recognized meanings; and (n) all references to dollars
are to U.S. dollars.
ARTICLE II
TERM
2.1
Term. The “Contract Term” will commence upon the Execution Date and,
unless earlier terminated pursuant to this Article II, Section 3.15, Article XII (Events of
Default; Remedies), Article V (Conditions Precedent; Effective Date; Construction; and
Initial Delivery Date), or any other provision hereof, and will continue until the end of
the Services Term; provided however, that all payment and Collateral obligations
between the Parties arising under this Agreement, including any compensation for the
Products, Termination Payment, Termination Fee, Delay Damages, indemnification
payments or other damages, shall survive until the date as of which all payments under
this Agreement are indefeasibly paid in full (whether directly or indirectly such as
through set-off or netting). The Initial Delivery Date will occur, on or after the Effective
Date, upon satisfaction of the conditions precedent set forth in Section 5.3.
The “Services Term” is the period commencing on the Initial Delivery Date and
continuing until the earlier to occur of (i) the date that is twenty-five (25) years after the
Initial Delivery Date, and (ii) December 1, 2039, as such date may be extended for up to
eighteen (18) months for reasons of (1) a Force Majeure Event, (2) Buyer’s failure to
perform its obligations under the Agreement or (3) delays in obtaining the Permits set
forth on Schedule 3 hereto beyond the dates set forth on Schedule 3 for reasons that are
beyond Seller’s control (including a delay in publication of the MMS Regulations beyond
May 31, 2011), unless earlier terminated pursuant to the terms of the Agreement and in
each case as reasonably documented and established by Seller.
2.2
Binding Nature. This Agreement shall be effective and binding as of the
Execution Date only to the extent required to give full effect to, and enforce, the rights
and obligations of the Parties under Section 5.1 (Conditions Precedent to Effective Date).
Upon occurrence of the Effective Date, this Agreement shall be in full force and effect,
enforceable and binding in all respects.
2.3
Failure of Timely Approvals. Buyer agrees to diligently seek Regulatory
Approval on a commercially reasonable expedited basis. In the event that Buyer does not
receive Regulatory Approval within one (1) year after the Execution Date either Party
shall have the right to terminate this Agreement, without liability of one Party to the
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other, upon the delivery of prior written Notice to that effect to the other Party, provided
that such Notice is sent within sixty (60) days after such deadline. Notwithstanding the
previous sentence, if the Effective Date is delayed by a timely appeal of a Regulatory
Approval order or as a result of litigation or legal challenge by Buyer or its Affiliates (as
described in Section 13.4), the one (1) year time period shall be extended on a day for
day basis for such delay and the Effective Date shall occur on the date the applicable
Regulatory Approval order is upheld and thereafter becomes final and non-appealable, if
applicable. If either Party terminates this Agreement in accordance with the above
provisions of this Section 2.3, Buyer shall refund to Seller the full amount of the
Development Period Security posted by Seller within ten (10) Business Days of such
termination.
2.4
Seller Early Termination and Declaration of Project Capacity.
(a)
During the period that begins on the Execution Date and ends on the twoyear anniversary of the Execution Date, on thirty (30) days prior written Notice, Seller
may terminate this Agreement in its sole discretion if it is not able to find satisfactory
purchaser(s) for the Excess Products, or determines that it is otherwise not prudent to
continue to develop the Project. If Seller terminates this Agreement in accordance with
the provisions of this Section 2.4, Buyer shall refund to Seller the full amount of the
Development Period Security posted by Seller within ten (10) Business Days of such
termination.
(b)
On or before the second anniversary of the Execution Date, Seller shall
provide Buyer with a written Notice of the final Project Capacity, which amount must at
all times equal or exceed 200 MW (except with respect to reductions in Project Capacity
permitted under Sections 3.1(d), 5.4, 5.7 and 12.4) and be no greater than 600 MW, and
which amount can only be modified pursuant to Sections 3.1(d), 5.4, 5.7 and 12.4.
2.5
Buyer Termination Right Or Contract Modification For Change In Law.
If, at any time prior to the date two (2) years after the Execution Date, any Governmental
Authority amends, modifies, repeals or revokes any of the legislation described in
Sections 5.1(a)(vi) or (vii), and Buyer suffers a material adverse effect as a result of such
occurrence, Buyer shall have the right to terminate the Agreement in its sole discretion
upon thirty (30) days prior Notice to Seller. Upon Seller’s written request to Buyer, prior
to any termination of the Agreement pursuant to this Section 2.5, an Independent
Evaluator shall confirm within forty-five (45) days whether such material adverse effect
exists. Either Party may appeal the findings of the Independent Evaluator pursuant to
Article XIII. If Buyer terminates this Agreement in accordance with this Section 2.5,
Buyer shall refund to Seller the full amount of the Development Period Security or
Services Term Security (as applicable) posted by Seller within ten (10) Business Days
after such termination. Notwithstanding the foregoing, during the 30-day Notice period
described above, Seller may, as an alternative to Buyer’s termination right, choose to
negotiate with Buyer to amend the Agreement to account for the event(s) triggering
Buyer’s termination right. If Seller elects to proceed with an amendment to the
Agreement, the Parties shall exercise good faith efforts to enter into an amendment to the
Agreement that is reasonably acceptable to both Parties and ensures that Buyer will not
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suffer any material adverse effect or other negative economic consequence from the
event(s) triggering the termination. In the event the Parties are not able to enter such an
amendment within sixty (60) days of Seller’s election, Buyer shall have the right to
terminate the Agreement at the end of the 60-day period.
ARTICLE III
OBLIGATIONS AND DELIVERIES
3.1
Transaction.
(a)
Purchase and Sale Obligation.
(i) Purchase and Sale Obligation During Services Term. During the
Services Term, Seller shall sell and make available to Buyer at the Delivery Point,
and Buyer shall take and pay in accordance with Section 4.2 and Article VI for
the following:
(A) For each Capacity Year that commences in the Services Term, Seller
shall cause to be transferred to Buyer the value of Buyer’s Percentage of the
Contract Capacity for such Capacity Year in the following fashion. For each such
Capacity Year, Seller and Buyer shall enter into a “Non-Unit Specific Capacity
Transaction” under the PJM Capacity Rules pursuant to which Seller shall
transfer to Buyer the Contract Capacity Amount for such Capacity Year, in
consideration for the payment to Seller by Buyer of the Base Capacity Payment
Rate (as adjusted) per each MW included in the calculation of the transferred
Contract Capacity Amount. Each of the Parties agree to provide such notices to
PJM as shall be required under the PJM Capacity Rules in order to effect such
transfer of the Contract Capacity Amount to Buyer through the PJM eRPM
system, including the submission and confirmation of each such transfer on a
timely basis for each such Capacity Year; provided that in the event that the PJM
eRPM system shall not be available for any reason for purposes of making such
transfer of the Contract Capacity Amount to Buyer at any time, the Seller shall
transfer such amount directly to Buyer as Buyer shall direct in a manner
consistent with the timing that would have been in effect under the PJM eRPM
system, or as the Parties shall otherwise agree. Seller further agrees to comply
with all PJM Capacity Rules, including, without limitation, any associated
bid/dispatch requirements into the PJM RPM Market or other bidding/dispatch
requirement imposed through either PJM market design and tariffs, the
Commission or FERC, whether or not such compliance is required to be
undertaken by Seller prior to, during, or after the Services Term. The Parties
acknowledge that the transfer of the value of the Buyer’s Percentage of the
Contract Capacity from Seller to Buyer as set forth in this subclause (A) is fixed
with PJM for each Capacity Year, and as such, the last Capacity Year
commencing in the Services Term may extend beyond the termination of the
Services Term. Notwithstanding any such termination of the Services Term prior
to the end of such last Capacity Year, unless the Parties shall otherwise agree, the
Buyer’s and Seller’s obligations pursuant to this Section 3.1(a)(i)(A) shall survive
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the termination of the Services Term until the end of such last Capacity Year. In
the event that the PJM Capacity Rules or the PJM Agreements are altered in such
a manner as to materially change the method through which PJM attributes value
for Capacity Value and, as a consequence, the Contract Capacity Amount to be
transferred to Buyer in accordance with this Agreement, the Parties agree to
modify this Agreement as necessary to preserve the economic bargain between
the Parties as of the Execution Date.
(B) From and after the Initial Delivery Date, all Delivered Energy
produced by the Project.
(C) A quantity of RECs equal to the product of (i) the RPS Multiplier and
(ii) all RECs associated with the Delivered Energy delivered pursuant to
Section 3.1(a)(i)(A) and (B) and Buyer’s Percentage of the Contract Capacity
utilized for purposes of the calculation of the Contract Capacity Amount
transferred to Buyer pursuant to such sections, together with a quantity of
Environmental Attributes equal to the product of (i) the RPS Multiplier and (ii) all
Environmental Attributes (other than RECs) associated with the Delivered Energy
delivered pursuant to Section 3.1(a)(i)(A) and (B) and Buyer’s Percentage of the
Contract Capacity utilized for purposes of the calculation of the Contract Capacity
Amount transferred to Buyer pursuant to such sections. The term “RPS
Multiplier” shall mean the fraction that is equal to the reciprocal of the percentage
of credits that Buyer receives toward meeting its Renewable Energy Portfolio
Standards requirements under the RPS Act for RECs received from the Project.
By way of example, if Buyer receives 350% credit toward meeting its Renewable
Energy Portfolio Standards requirements for Delivered Energy from the Project,
the RPS Multiplier is twenty-eight and six tenths percent (28.6%). Examples of
the quantity of RECs to be purchased and sold under this Subsection are set out in
Appendix 5. For the avoidance of doubt Buyer shall have no right whatsoever to
any Environmental Attributes that are associated with the Delivered Energy but
that are otherwise not required to be purchased by Buyer under this
Section 3.1(a)(i)(C) or Section 3.1(a)(ii), or that are associated with Excess
Products.
The Parties further contemplate that no Ancillary Services will be initially
included in the Products to be provided to the Buyer under the Agreement. With
respect to any Ancillary Services, regardless of whether currently existing or
created after the Execution Date, such Ancillary Services may be sold by Seller to
Buyer at each Party’s option at such price and on such terms and conditions as
may be mutually acceptable to Seller and Buyer in their respective sole discretion.
(ii)
Purchase and Sale Obligation During the Pre-Services Term
Period. Subject to the conditions precedents set forth below, on or after the initial
Unit Group Commercial Operation Date and extending until the earlier of (a) the
Initial Delivery Date, (b) the end of the Construction Period, and (c) the date
termination of this Agreement is effective (the “Pre-Services Term Period”),
Seller shall sell to Buyer the Delivered Energy, Environmental Attributes
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associated with such Delivered Energy as provided in Section 3.1(a)(i) above
and/or (as applicable) the value of Buyer’s Percentage of the Contract Capacity
utilized for purposes of the calculation of the Contract Capacity Amount in
quantities consistent with the quantities to be purchased by Buyer under
Section 3.1(a)(i)(C), Ancillary Services (if mutually agreed upon by Buyer and
Seller as described in Section 3.1(a)(i)) produced by the Project during such
period from each Unit Group that has achieved Unit Group Commercial
Operation and, with respect to each Capacity Year commencing in such PreServices Term Period, Seller shall transfer to Buyer the Contract Capacity
Amount for such Capacity Year in the manner and in accordance with the
requirements of Section 3.1(a)(i)(A) (collectively, the “Pre-Initial Delivery Date
Products”). Buyer shall pay for such Pre-Initial Delivery Date Products in
accordance with Section 4.2 (or as agreed upon by Buyer and Seller in the case of
Ancillary Services, if applicable) and Article VI and pursuant to the other terms of
the Agreement set forth herein, including the conditions precedent to such
obligations set forth in this Section 3.1(a)(ii) and Section 5.3(a). For the
avoidance of doubt, after the end of the Pre-Services Term Period but prior to the
commencement of the Services Term, Seller shall have the right to sell (at its sole
discretion) to any third party any and all Energy, Environmental Attributes,
Capacity Value, and Ancillary Services produced by the Project during such
period.
Buyer’s obligation to purchase Pre-Initial Delivery Date Products will
initially commence when (i) the initial Unit Group Commercial Operation Date
has occurred, (ii) Buyer has received ninety (90) days prior written Notice of the
initial Unit Group Commercial Operation Date and the delivery of the Pre-Initial
Delivery Date Products therefrom, and (iii) each condition to the Initial Delivery
Date set forth in Section 5.3(a) shall have been met (other than Sections 5.3(a)(i),
(vi), (vii) and (ix), and the condition set forth in Section 5.3(a)(xii) shall be
reduced on a pro-rata basis in accordance with the nameplate capacity of the
applicable Unit Group(s) not yet then having achieved a Commercial Operation
Date). Each reference in such Sections to the “Initial Delivery Date” shall be
changed for purposes of this Section only to “applicable Unit Group Commercial
Operation Date”. Buyer’s obligation to purchase Pre-Initial Delivery Date
Products from additional Unit Groups will commence when such additional Unit
Groups have satisfied the requirements set forth in the previous sentence. The
Parties agree that if on October 30 of the first calendar year during the
Construction Period, a partial increment of the last Unit Group under construction
in that calendar year has reached its Unit Group Commercial Operation Date,
Buyer shall purchase Pre-Initial Delivery Date Products from such increment of
the Unit Group from November 1 of such year as set forth in this
Section 3.1(a)(ii); provided, that such obligation shall terminate on May 30 of the
following year of the Construction Period if the remainder of the Unit Group has
not reached the Unit Group Commercial Operation Date by such date.
In connection with the sale of Pre-Initial Delivery Date Products, Seller
shall provide Buyer with a schedule (which shall be non-binding but shall be
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prepared in good faith) of the projected Project Commercial Operation Date and
Unit Group Commercial Operation Dates for all Units and the projected quantities
of Products to be delivered from such Units on and after their Unit Group
Commercial Operation Dates no later than thirty (30) days after the first of the
Turbine Contracts are executed. This schedule will be promptly provided by
Seller to Buyer when available and shall be updated by Seller on a monthly basis
after the later of the issuance of the Turbine Notice to Proceed or the EPC Notice
to Proceed, and shall be updated on a weekly basis during the ninety (90) day
Notice period for the Unit Group Commercial Operation Dates of any Unit
Groups delivering Pre-Initial Delivery Date Products.
The obligation of Seller to deliver the Pre-Initial Delivery Date Products
from Unit Groups that have reached their respective Unit Group Commercial
Operation Dates in accordance with this Section 3.1(a)(ii) shall be secured by the
Development Period Security, the Buyer’s Lien, and the pro-rata percentage of
the Services Term Security as described in Section 8.1(b).
Notwithstanding anything to the contrary set forth in this Section 3.1(a)(ii), the
Parties acknowledge and agree that the obligations of the Parties with respect to
transfers of the Contract Capacity Amount to Buyer pursuant to this
Section 3.1(a)(ii) shall apply only with respect to Capacity Years commencing in
the Pre-Services Term Period and shall be based on the Capacity Value, Cleared
Capacity Value and Contract Capacity applicable to the Project for each such
Capacity Year.
(iii) Test Energy. If and to the extent the Project generates Test Energy
after the commencement of the Pre-Services Term Period, Seller shall deliver to
the Delivery Point and Buyer shall take all Test Energy and Environmental
Attributes associated therewith (with Environmental Attribute quantities being
consistent with the quantities to be purchased by Buyer under
Section 3.1(a)(i)(C)) delivered to the Delivery Point and pay for such Test Energy
and Environmental Attributes at the payment rates for Energy and Environmental
Attributes, respectively, then applicable as set forth in Section 4.2. Prior to the
commencement of the Pre-Services Term Period, Seller shall have the right to sell
(at its sole discretion) Test Energy and associated Environmental Attributes into
the PJM market at Seller’s sole cost and expense.
(iv)
Exceptions to Buyer and Seller Performance. Buyer shall not be
obligated to schedule, take or pay for the Products described in Section 3.1(a)
during (a) Force Majeure Events, (b) Dispatch Down Periods, (c) periods covered
by an Instructed Operation that is not caused by any act or failure to act by Buyer
that is inconsistent with Buyer’s rights and obligations under the Agreement (to
the extent of such Instructed Operation), or (d) periods covered by Seller’s failure
to perform its obligations hereunder. Seller shall not be obligated to sell and
deliver the Products described in Section 3.1(a) during (a) Force Majeure Events,
(b) Dispatch Down Periods, (c) periods covered by an Instructed Operation that is
not caused by any act or failure to act by Seller that is inconsistent with Seller’s
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rights and obligations under the Agreement (to the extent of such Instructed
Operation), (d) periods covered to the extent prevented by an Outage (subject to
the provisions for declaring and remedying Outages as set forth in this
Agreement), (e) periods during the continuance of an Operational Limitation
effecting performance to the extent of such effect on the Project, or (f) periods
covered by Buyer’s failure to perform its obligations hereunder.
(b)
Control. Seller shall at all times retain operational control of the Project,
be responsible for all operation and maintenance of the Project and will bear all costs
related to ownership, operation and maintenance of the Project.
(c)
Exclusivity; Rights to Output and Payments. Except with respect to the
Products not required to be purchased by or sold to Buyer as contemplated under
Section 3.1(a) (the “Excess Products”), Seller will not commit less than Buyer’s
Percentage of the entire Project to Buyer, nor sell any Product associated with Buyer’s
Percentage of the Project to any Person other than Buyer (other than pursuant to an
Instructed Operation). For the avoidance of doubt, the exclusivity requirements of this
Section 3.1(c) shall not apply to any Excess Products and Seller shall not be prohibited in
any manner whatsoever from selling such Excess Products to any third party. Except
with respect to the Excess Products, Seller may not enter into any agreement or
arrangement under which Products described in Section 3.1(a) may be claimed by any
Person other than Buyer for purpose of satisfying such Person’s obligations to PJM or
any other independent system operator having jurisdiction over such Person or the
Project. For the avoidance of doubt, except with respect to the Excess Products, Seller
shall not cause the Project to become subject to any other obligation to deliver a Product
to any other Person other than pursuant to an Instructed Operation, and Buyer shall have
the exclusive right to resell any Product from the Project up to the quantities set forth in
Section 3.1(a).
Subject to the reporting requirements of Section 3.5, nothing herein shall bar
Seller from complying with Instructed Operations; provided that if Seller receives an
Instructed Operation other than through Buyer in its capacity as a Participating
Transmission Owner, Seller shall promptly report such event in accordance with
Sections 3.5(b) and (c). Seller acknowledges and agrees that Buyer may take whatever
measures it elects to protest or challenge any Instructed Operation, which may include
communicating directly with the Governmental Authority or PJM, as applicable,
responsible for such Instructed Operation. If during the Services Term or Pre-Services
Term Period Seller requires the ability to operate other than as expressly contemplated
herein (for example, for the purpose of conducting environmental testing or to test newly
installed equipment), it shall notify Buyer, and Buyer and Seller shall work in good faith
to accommodate Seller’s need consistent with other provisions of this Agreement,
provided Seller shall be liable for Buyer’s costs in accommodating Seller’s requests.
To the extent that Seller receives any payment associated with the Products to be
delivered to Buyer hereunder, including non-Energy or fixed payments associated with
such Products received for or in connection with Resource Adequacy Requirements or
Instructed Operations from any Person other than Buyer, Seller shall remit such payment
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to Buyer (“Third Party Payments”). Invoicing and payment for all amounts due from one
Party to the other Party as necessary to implement this provision shall be made pursuant
to Article VI. For the avoidance of doubt, Seller may execute agreements for the sale of
Excess Products consistent with the terms of this Agreement prior to the completion of
such performance.
(d)
Project Modifications. Neither Seller nor any Affiliate of Seller (an entity
shall not be deemed to be an Affiliate of Seller for the purposes of this Section 3.1(d)
solely by virtue of a ten (10) percent direct or indirect shareholding), shall, without the
prior written consent of Buyer, increase, modify, or decrease the Project Capacity or,
after the Initial Delivery Date, the Capacity of the Project or any Unit or the number of
Units, except as expressly contemplated in Section 5.4; nor take any other action with
respect to the Project or in connection with any expansion of the Project or construction
of any new wind facility adjacent to the Project that would, or may reasonably be
expected to (i) increase the costs to Buyer under the Agreement including with regards to
costs associated with negative LMPs, (ii) impair or limit the ability of the Project to
supply Products to the Buyer as contemplated hereunder, (iii) impair the ability of the
Buyer to purchase or receive Products from the Project as contemplated hereunder,
(iv) impair the Capacity Value or the Cleared Capacity Value of the Project or the rights
of the Buyer to receive the full and exclusive rights to Buyer’s Percentage of the Contract
Capacity, or (v) reduce the ability of Seller to deliver the Products that the Project is
capable of producing as required to be delivered under the terms of the Agreement, as
measured at the Delivery Point, including the full amount of Buyer’s Percentage of the
Contract Capacity. Buyer’s consent shall not be unreasonably withheld, and the
materiality of the impact of the increase, modification, or decrease on the Buyer and its
customers shall be taken into account in evaluating the reasonableness of withholding
consent. Buyer shall use commercially reasonable efforts to promptly respond to consent
requests under this Section 3.1(d). Notwithstanding any provision herein to the contrary,
in no event shall such modification result in the Project Capacity being more than 600
MW and in no event shall Buyer be required to purchase Products associated with more
than 200 MW of Project Capacity.
(e)
Buyer Option to Exclude Capacity. Notwithstanding anything to the
contrary set forth in this Agreement, Buyer may elect in its sole discretion, at any time
during the Contract Term, to discontinue its obligation to receive the Contract Capacity
Amount from Seller under the Agreement and to require Seller to enter into a
replacement power purchase agreement (the form of which shall be finalized promptly
following the Execution Date consistent with the principles set forth in Appendix 3)
pursuant to which Buyer shall purchase Energy and other Products (other than Capacity
Value-related products) from Seller (the “Replacement PPA”). Buyer’s notice of its
election (which may be immediate) may specify a date for discontinuation for such
obligation in which case Seller shall not be obligated to participate in the PJM RPM
Market or to take any action to cause to be transferred to Buyer the value of Buyer’s
Percentage of the Contract Capacity in accordance with Section 3.1(a)(i) and (ii) with
respect to any Capacity Year beginning after such date. Upon the execution, delivery and
effectiveness of the Replacement PPA, this Agreement shall be deemed terminated and
replaced in its entirety by such Replacement PPA; provided, however, that the obligation
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of Buyer and Seller pursuant to Section 3.1(a)(i) and 3.1(a)(ii) then in effect with respect
to any Contract Capacity Amount for any Capacity Year shall remain in effect until the
termination of such Capacity Year. In the event Buyer exercises the option set forth in
this Section 3.1(e), Seller and Buyer shall promptly take all actions necessary, including
with PJM, each relevant Governmental Authority and otherwise, in order to terminate the
Agreement as contemplated herein and expeditiously enter into the Replacement PPA.
3.2
Interconnection Facilities.
(a)
Construction. In accordance with Article V, the Seller shall have the
obligation to construct and upgrade the Electrical Interconnection Facilities (and
responsibility for all costs related thereto), including metering and submetering facilities,
and to cause them to become operational. Seller shall be responsible for paying the costs
required by PJM or otherwise necessary for the performance of Seller’s obligations set
forth in the Agreement, including, without limitation, those arising under
Section 3.1(a)(i)(A) and Section 3.1(a)(ii) with respect to the Capacity Value, Cleared
Capacity Value and transfer of the Contract Capacity Amount to Buyer for each Capacity
Year commencing in the Pre-Services Term Period or the Services Term. For the
avoidance of doubt, Seller may subcontract the responsibility for construction of any
Electrical Interconnection Facilities to third parties consistent with the PJM Agreements.
Regardless of whether Buyer is a Participating Transmission Owner, Seller shall be
responsible for all of Seller’s interconnection arrangements or costs (for the avoidance of
doubt, other than with respect to the cost of Network Upgrades expressly allocated to
Buyer in Section 3.4(c)).
(b)
Maintenance of Electrical Interconnection Facilities. To the extent
required to achieve the Initial Delivery Date or the commencement of the Pre-Services
Term Period, and at all times during the Pre-Services Term Period and the Services Term,
Seller shall maintain and/or cause to be maintained, at its expense, the Electrical
Interconnection Facilities such that the Electrical Interconnection Facilities are in
compliance with the Interconnection Agreements and are capable of (i) delivering the
Products that can be generated or produced using the Capacity of the Project, including
the delivery of Delivered Energy to the Delivery Point during each month as applicable
(in addition to such other output of the Project as the Electrical Interconnection Facilities
are required to transmit), and (ii) maintaining the Capacity Value and transferring the
Contract Capacity Amount to Buyer for each Capacity Year as required in accordance
with the terms of this Agreement.
3.3
[Reserved].
3.4
Electric Transmission and Delivery.
(a)
Title and Risk of Loss. Title to and risk of loss related to each Product
required to be delivered to Buyer hereunder from or in connection with the Project shall
transfer from Seller to Buyer as follows:
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(i)
for Delivered Energy, upon Buyer’s receipt thereof at the Delivery
Point;
(ii)
for the Contract Capacity Amount for any Capacity Year, as set
forth in the PJM Agreements and the PJM Capacity Rules;
(iii) for Environmental Attributes, as set forth in the GATS Operating
Rules or other applicable Law;
(iv)
for Ancillary Services (if any), as set forth in the PJM Agreements.
Until title passes to Buyer, Seller shall be deemed to be in exclusive control of the
Products and shall be responsible for any damage or injury caused thereby. After title to
the Products passes to Buyer, Buyer shall be deemed to be in exclusive control of such
Products and shall be responsible for any damage or injury caused thereby.
(b)
Seller’s Responsibility. Except as otherwise expressly set forth in the
Agreement, during the Services Term and the Pre-Services Term Period, Seller shall
arrange, schedule and be responsible for electric transmission service up to and at the
Delivery Point and any and all costs or charges imposed on or associated with the
Products up to and at the Delivery Point or its delivery of the Products to the Delivery
Point, including electric transmission costs, transmission losses, Electrical Losses,
congestion costs and all risks and costs associated with any transmission outages or
curtailment up to and at the Delivery Point, consistent with all standards and provisions
set forth by FERC, PJM or any other applicable governing agency or tariff, or set forth by
a Participating Transmission Owner). Seller shall maintain the power factor at the
Delivery Point between 0.95 leading and 0.95 lagging consistent with PJM requirements.
Regardless of whether Buyer is a Participating Transmission Owner, Seller shall be
responsible for all of Seller’s interconnection arrangements or costs (for the avoidance of
doubt, other than with respect to the costs of Network Upgrades expressly allocated to
Buyer in Section 3.4(c)).
(c)
Buyer’s Responsibility. (i) Buyer shall be responsible for (A) causing the
Network Upgrades to be installed (unless a party other than Seller is responsible under
the PJM Agreements), (B) Buyer’s Percentage of the costs of such Network Upgrades
constructed outside of the Delmarva Zone for which Buyer or Seller is responsible under
the PJM Agreements (and Buyer’s Percentage of any costs necessarily related thereto),
and (C) one hundred percent (100%) of the costs of such Network Upgrades within the
Delmarva Zone for which Seller or Buyer is responsible under the PJM Agreements (and
any costs necessarily related thereto). Seller shall promptly reimburse Buyer for the costs
of (or related to) the Network Upgrades that are incurred by Buyer and are not
specifically assumed by Buyer hereunder, such amounts to be invoiced and paid by Seller
promptly pursuant to the provisions of Article VI. (ii) Except as otherwise expressly set
forth in the Agreement, during the Services Term and the Pre-Services Term Period,
Buyer shall arrange, schedule and be responsible for electric transmission service and any
and all costs or charges imposed on or associated with the Products or its receipt of the
Products, in each case to the extent required to be delivered to Buyer hereunder,
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including electric transmission costs and transmission losses after its receipt of the
Products at the Delivery Point. Subject to Section 3.4(d), Seller shall have no liability to
Buyer for transmission outages or curtailments (excepting actions by Seller inconsistent
with the Agreement) after the receipt of Delivered Energy at the Delivery Point.
(d)
Allocation of Certain Congestion Charges. Notwithstanding anything to
the contrary set forth in this Agreement, Buyer shall be responsible for any charges and
costs assessed by PJM under the PJM Agreements in connection with the delivery of the
Delivered Energy to Buyer at the Delivery Point under the Agreement to the extent such
charges and costs arise as a result (and solely as a result) of the Locational Marginal Price
applicable to such Delivered Energy at the Delivery Point being negative (e.g., a
Locational Marginal Price less than $0); provided, however, that if (i) one or more new
intermittent resources with an aggregate nameplate capacity of seventy-five (75) MW or
greater begin generating electricity and directly connects to the transmission system on
the Delmarva Peninsula below the C&D Canal, and (ii) the new intermittent resource or
resources do not construct the optional network upgrades identified in the facilities
studies for such asset to allow the asset to qualify its entire maximum net output as a
Capacity Resource in PJM, then from and after the time that such new intermittent
resource or resources begin generating electricity, Seller shall be responsible for a
percentage of any such charges and costs arising from a negative Locational Marginal
Price applicable to Delivered Energy at the Delivery Point, determined in accordance
with the following formula:
Seller’s Intermittent MWs
Seller’s Negative LMP
Share =
Total Intermittent MWs
where:
Seller’s Negative LMP
Share
= The portion of the charges and costs arising
from a Negative Locational Marginal Price
applicable to Delivered Energy at the
Delivery Point, expressed as a percentage, but
from and after the commencement of
generation by a new intermittent generator as
described above, Seller’s Negative LMP
Share shall not be less than fifty percent
(50%) nor more than eighty percent (80%);
Seller’s Intermittent
MWs
= The Capacity of the Project, plus the
maximum output of any new Peninsula
Intermittent Resource owned by Seller or an
Affiliate of Seller;
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Total Intermittent
MWs
= Seller’s Intermittent MWs plus the maximum
output of all other new Peninsula Intermittent
Resources; and
Peninsula Intermittent
Resource
= An intermittent resource directly connected to
the transmission system on the Delmarva
Peninsula below the C&D Canal.
Notwithstanding anything set forth herein to the contrary, under no circumstances
shall Buyer be responsible for, and Seller shall bear the cost of (i) any congestion
charges or costs (other than to the extent any such congestion charges or costs
arise with respect to a negative Locational Marginal Price at the Delivery Point as
set forth in the first sentence of this Section 3.4(d)), or (ii) any congestion charges
or costs of any nature (including those contemplated under this Section 3.4(d))
arising in connection with any Energy delivered by Seller to or through PJM that
does not constitute Delivered Energy delivered to Buyer under this Agreement.
An example of a calculation of whether or not a charge attributable to a negative
Location Marginal Price payable by Buyer arises pursuant to this Section 3.4(d) is
set forth in Appendix 4.
3.5
Energy Forecasts, Scheduling and Balancing.
(a)
Seller Energy Forecasts. No later than one hundred and twenty (120) days
prior to the anticipated commencement of the Pre-Services Term Period (if applicable),
or the Initial Delivery Date (to the extent there is no Pre-Services Term Period), Seller
shall (1) engage the Forecast Consultant to provide the information required pursuant to
this Section 3.5(a), and (2) demonstrate, to the Buyer’s reasonable satisfaction, the
completion and performance of the computer monitoring system (CMS) and any other
reporting or monitoring facilities for the Project that shall be necessary for the provision
of the information required pursuant to this Section 3.5(a). Seller shall, at its own cost
and expense, comply with any PJM forecast requirements for the Project as such
requirements may change from time to time, and provide to Buyer Notices containing
such information as Buyer shall reasonably request for purposes of Buyer performing its
obligations under this Section 3.5, including, without limitation, forecasts determined in
good faith in accordance with Good Utility Practices (including the use of the services
provided by the Forecast Consultant, historical performance, good faith projections and
other relevant data and considerations) of the following information at the times specified
herein:
(i)
On or prior to the date falling fourteen (14) days before the
commencement of the Pre-Services Term Period (if applicable), or the Initial
Delivery Date (to the extent there is no Pre-Services Term Period) and continuing
thereafter throughout the Services Term (as such period shall be reasonably
determined, taking into account the expected or actual Initial Delivery Date, the
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“Forecast Period”), the expected Energy to be delivered from the Project with
respect to each hour during the Forecast Period (the “Expected Generation
Schedule”), the expected Availability of the Project during the Forecast Period
and the expected Capacity Value and Contract Capacity for each Capacity Year
during the Forecast Period, as such Expected Generation Schedule, Availability
and Contract Capacity shall be updated by no later than one (1) week prior to any
Unit Group Commercial Operation Date occurring after the commencement of the
Pre-Services Term Period;
(ii)
On or prior to the date falling five (5) Business Days prior to the
commencement of each calendar month (or portion thereof) falling in the Forecast
Period, an update to the Expected Generation Schedule, Availability of the Project
and the Capacity Value, Cleared Capacity Value, and Contract Capacity for the
year commencing with such calendar month (each, a “Monthly Schedule”);
(iii) On each day, between the hours of 7:00 a.m. and 10:00 a.m.,
commencing not later than one week prior to the commencement of the PreServices Term Period and continuing thereafter throughout the Forecast Period,
an update to the expected Availability of the Project and the Expected Generation
Schedule for each hour of the next fifteen (15) days (or for the first fifteen
(15) days in the case of the initial time period) for the purpose of permitting the
scheduling with PJM of the Energy to be delivered from the Project and in order
for Buyer to anticipate the amount of Energy to be delivered from the Project
during each day and hour of such fifteen (15)-day period (the “Day-Ahead
Schedule”). The Day-Ahead Schedule shall also contain a disclosure of the
existence and expected duration of any Outage or Instructed Operation known to
Seller, the amount of the Capacity and Energy delivery affected by such Outage
and the nature and effect of any Instructed Operation on the Project’s Availability
and Product delivery; provided that such information shall be provided only for
days that are part of the Forecast Period;
(iv)
For each hour of each day during the Forecast Period, an update to
the Day-Ahead Schedule for such hour (“Hourly Schedule Updates”) in
accordance with the time frame of PJM’s scheduling protocol (which as of the
Execution Date is fifteen (15) minutes prior to the hour of such delivery); and
(v)
To the extent permitted by PJM protocols for scheduling entities,
real-time schedule updates to the Day-Ahead Schedule, including to the extent a
variation from the forecasted Energy in such Day-Ahead Schedule is expected to
result from a Force Majeure Event, a curtailment or a change in wind conditions.
The Notices required pursuant to this Section 3.5(a) shall be set forth in the forms
developed by the Operating Committee. The Seller’s initial good faith projection of the
Project’s Expected Generation Schedule based on a 450 MW Project sizing is set out on
Schedule 2 in 12x24 format and has been provided to Buyer separately as of the
Execution Date in a form illustrating expected generation for each hour during the
Forecast Period. Seller will provide Buyer with an updated Expected Generation
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Schedule (including the expected generation for each hour during the Forecast Period)
within thirty (30) days of Seller determining the Project Capacity pursuant to Section 2.4.
Notices required pursuant to this Section 3.5(a) shall be referred to as “Forecasted Energy
Notices.” Each such Forecasted Energy Notice shall be delivered to Buyer in accordance
with the Operating Procedures established pursuant to Section 3.13. Notwithstanding
anything to the contrary in this Agreement, the Parties agree that the Project is a unit
contingent “as available” facility and any forecasts by Seller regarding the Project’s
performance shall be solely considered estimates of expected performance of the Project,
and shall be made by Seller consistent with Good Utility Practices and based on Seller’s
good faith output projections (utilizing the Forecast Consultant) based on wind
conditions, Power Curve performance, Availability, historical performance and other
relevant data and considerations.
(b)
Seller’s Continuing Obligations to Provide Notice of Availability. During
the Forecast Period, to the extent not reported in the most recent Forecasted Energy
Notice or pursuant to Section 3.10, Seller shall (A) notify Buyer’s designated
representative, orally or through an automated notification system, of every Outage of the
Project or imposition of an Instructed Operation as soon as possible (and in any event,
using commercially reasonable efforts to do so within thirty (30) minutes after the
occurrence of such Outage), (B) provide a written estimate of the expected duration of
such Outage and/or nature of the Instructed Operation within three (3) hours after
submittal of the initial notification pursuant to clause (A) of this sentence, and (iii) submit
an Outage/Availability Notification Form, to Buyer in accordance with the instructions
shown on the form. The Seller shall update Buyer periodically through the day as
information becomes available as well as through Forecasted Energy Notices, with any
revised estimates regarding the Project’s return to full output capability and shall
promptly provide Buyer Notice of any further changes in the Availability of the Project
or Products from that set forth in the last notice provided, including any developments
that will affect the severity or duration of each Outage, Availability and capability of the
Project to deliver Products after an Outage or the scope and duration of the Instructed
Operation.
Each Notice provided pursuant to
(c)
Other Reporting Obligations.
Section 3.5(a) or 3.5(b) that includes a Notice of an Outage or Instructed Operations shall
include all such information concerning such Outage, change or limitation as PJM may
require to be reported by Buyer or by Seller. Each such Notice from Seller to Buyer shall
be made by providing Notice in accordance with the outage/availability notification
procedures to be established by the Operating Committee by the commencement of the
Pre-Services Term Period (the “Outage/Availability Notification Procedures”). During
the Forecast Period, Seller is responsible for providing to PJM notice of each Outage to
the extent required by Law, the PJM Tariff or other PJM Agreements or contracts.
During the Forecast Period, each of Seller and Buyer shall promptly communicate to the
other all information received by it from PJM or any Governmental Authority regarding
planned or in-progress Outages or Instructed Operations. Seller is responsible for
providing regulatory bodies such as FERC and the Commission with Outage information
(for example but not limited to, NERC outage reporting requirements) as required by
Law, Permit, tariff or regulation.
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(d)
Scheduling with PJM. Subject to Section 3.4(d) and (i) the receipt by
Buyer from Seller of the information required to be provided pursuant to Section 3.5(a)
on a timely basis, and (ii) the allocation of credits, charges and costs set forth in
Section 3.5(e), during the Services Term and the Pre-Services Term Period, the Buyer
shall be responsible for scheduling with PJM’s Office of Interconnection the Energy and
Energy constituting Excess Products to be delivered to the Delivery Point, which
scheduling shall be consistent with the timing of PJM’s then-applicable scheduling
protocols in accordance with Section 3.6 of this Agreement (Standards of Care) and all
PJM operational protocols (the “Buyer Scheduling Obligation”).
(e)
Allocation of Certain PJM Scheduling Charges. Subject to Sections 3.4(b)
and (c), the Parties agree that all credits, charges and costs assessed by PJM with respect
to the Buyer Scheduling Obligations shall be allocated as follows:
(i)
any Balancing Operating Reserve charges (as set out in the PJM
Manual 28-Operating Agreement Accounting) related to deviations between the
Day-Ahead Schedule submitted by Buyer to PJM pursuant to Section 3.5(d) and
the real time delivery of Energy from the Project to the Delivery Point under the
Agreement shall be divided evenly between the Parties with respect to Delivered
Energy and Deemed Generated Energy, and one hundred percent (100%) to Seller
with respect to any Energy scheduled by Buyer from the Project and not delivered
to Buyer pursuant to the terms hereof; and
(ii)
the Parties acknowledge that under the current PJM Agreements,
the Project will be assessed or receive credits or charges from PJM based on the
product of (1) the difference between the quantity of any Energy from the Project
scheduled by Buyer in the Day-Ahead Market pursuant to the terms of the
Agreement and the actual quantity of Energy delivered by the Project to the
Delivery Point in real-time pursuant to the terms of the Agreement, and (2) the
Locational Marginal Price associated with the real-time Energy delivered by the
Project to the Delivery Point in excess of or less than the quantity of Energy set
forth in the Day-Ahead Schedule submitted by Buyer to PJM (the “Balancing
Amounts”). Balancing Amounts with respect to Delivered Energy shall be for the
account of Buyer. Balancing Amounts with respect to Energy from the Project
not delivered to Buyer pursuant to the terms hereof, including Excess Products,
are for the account of Seller (other than Deemed Generated Energy for which
Buyer is obligated to compensate Seller for pursuant to Section 3.16). The Parties
agree to take all commercially reasonable actions requested by Buyer to minimize
any Balancing Amounts charged to Buyer, to provide information to Buyer and, at
the request of Buyer, to exercise commercially reasonable efforts to modify the
arrangement set forth in this Section 3.5 in response to any changes in applicable
PJM Agreements in order to minimize net charges to Buyer; provided such a
change does not otherwise have a net adverse effect on Seller; and provided,
further, that nothing in this sentence shall be construed to limit the obligations of
Seller to provide the Forecasted Energy Notices as provided under Section 3.5(a).
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(iii) any administrative charges assessed by PJM pursuant to the PJM
Tariff for recovery of PJM’s administrative and operating costs that are assessed
on Buyer’s performance of the Buyer’s Scheduling Obligation shall be for the
account of Seller.
(f)
Seller’s Operation. During the Pre-Services Term Period and the Services
Term, Seller shall use commercially reasonable good faith efforts to dispatch and operate
the Project in a manner consistent with Good Utility Practice so as to deliver at the
Delivery Point the Energy set forth in the most recent Forecasted Energy Notice.
(g)
PJM Payment Procedures. If PJM shall bill or credit Seller or Buyer
directly for any Ancillary Services charges, congestion charges (including those
described in Section 3.4), Balancing Operating Reserve charges, Balancing Amounts,
charges for recovery of administrative and operating costs, or similar charges or credits,
or other fees or penalties or credits properly payable by or to the other Party pursuant to
the terms of this Agreement, the Party receiving such invoice shall deliver such invoice to
the other Party and such other Party shall pay such invoice by the later of the due date or
ten (10) days after receipt from the receiving Party, provided, however, that if there is a
dispute as to which Party is responsible for payment of such invoice, the original
recipient of the invoice from PJM shall remit payment of such invoice on the due date.
The Party ultimately determined to be responsible for such invoice shall reimburse the
other Party, together with interest at the Interest Rate if the other Party paid the invoice,
within ten (10) days of such determination of responsibility.
(h)
Capacity Charges. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary set forth in
this Agreement, Seller shall bear all risk and responsibility with respect to any costs or
credit requirements (including the posting of applicable credit support) related to its
compliance with the PJM Capacity Rules in connection with the Capacity Value and the
Cleared Capacity Value of the Project for any Capacity Year and the transfer to Buyer of
the Contract Capacity Amount for such Capacity Year pursuant to this Agreement,
including any and all charges or costs, including capacity deficiency charges, assessed by
PJM or otherwise against Seller (collectively, the “Capacity Charges”). If PJM bills or
credits Buyer for any charges, costs or other amounts related to any Capacity Charges,
Buyer shall deliver such invoice or statement to Seller and Seller shall pay such invoice
or otherwise settle such amounts by the later of the due date (if applicable) or ten
(10) days after receipt from Buyer. Invoicing and payment for all amounts due from
Seller to Buyer as necessary to implement this provision shall be done pursuant to
Article VI.
3.6
Standards of Care.
(a)
General Operations.
(i)
Seller, as owner and operator of the Project, shall be responsible
for complying with Good Utility Practices, all applicable requirements of Law,
the Commission, PJM, NERC, ReliabilityFirst Corporation, and other
Governmental Authorities relating to the Project (including those related to
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construction, ownership and/or operation of the Project), as well as relating to the
performance of its obligations under this Agreement, whether imposed pursuant
to existing Law or pursuant to changes enacted or implemented during the
Contract Term, including all risks of environmental matters relating to the
delivery of the Products hereunder and the Project and the Site. For the avoidance
of doubt, Seller will be responsible for procuring, at its expense, all Permits (other
than those explicitly set forth herein as being the responsibility of the Buyer),
required for operation of the Project and the performance of its obligations under
this Agreement in compliance with Law. No later than sixty (60) days prior to the
earlier of the first Unit Group Commercial Operation Date and the Project
Commercial Operation Date, if the Seller shall not be the operator of the Project,
Seller shall notify Buyer of such operator, and shall confirm that the agreement
between Seller and such operator shall require the operator to operate the Project
in accordance with the terms of this Agreement.
(ii)
In its performance of its obligations hereunder, Buyer shall comply
with Good Utility Practices, all applicable requirements of Law, the Commission,
PJM, NERC, ReliabilityFirst Corporation, and other Governmental Authorities
relating to the Project, whether imposed pursuant to existing Law or pursuant to
changes enacted or implemented during the Contract Term.
(b)
PJM Standards. Each Party shall perform all generation, scheduling and
transmission services in compliance with all applicable (i) operating policies, criteria,
rules, guidelines, tariffs and protocols of PJM, (ii) PJM scheduling and capacity resource
practices and (iii) Good Utility Practices. RECs sold by Seller to Buyer hereunder shall
be created and supplied by the GATS, or its successor at law (pursuant to the
Commission RPS Rules). The Project shall be subject to applicable GATS Operating
Rules and Seller and Buyer each shall pay for their respective costs, fees and expenses to
create and maintain a GATS account for the purpose of delivering and taking delivery, as
applicable, of RECs sold under this Agreement. Seller shall pay all applicable GATS
fees and expenses in connection with the RECs sold under the Agreement, up to delivery
of the RECs to Buyer’s GATS account and Buyer shall pay all applicable GATS fees and
expenses in connection with the RECs sold under the Agreement on and after the delivery
of RECs sold under this Agreement to Buyer’s GATS account.
(c)
Reliability Standard. Seller agrees to abide by all NERC, ReliabilityFirst
Corporation, PJM and Commission reliability requirements and all of Buyer’s applicable
requirements regarding interconnection and operation of the Project, updated from time
to time by Buyer consistent with Good Utility Practices in consultation with Seller.
3.7
[Reserved].
3.8
Metering.
All electric metering associated with the Project including the Project Meter,
whether owned by Seller or a third party, shall be installed, operated, maintained, and
tested by or on behalf of Seller in accordance with NERC, ReliabilityFirst Corporation,
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PJM Agreements, Good Utility Practices, and any applicable Buyer technical
requirements and standards.
(a)
Metering Cost Responsibility. The Seller shall install, maintain, operate,
test and replace (as appropriate) the Project Meter, telemetry equipment, and other
appropriate electric meters and back-up meters at its sole cost and expense to accurately
determine Delivered Energy taken by Buyer under this Agreement or otherwise delivered
by the Project.
(b)
Project Meter Location. The Project Meter shall measure the delivery of
Products at the Delivery Point. The actual physical location of the Project Meter is
proposed to be at Seller’s on-shore switching station (near Bethany, Delaware). If the
physical location of the Project Meter is not at the Point of Receipt, then, in conformance
with applicable PJM rules and Good Utility Practice, revenue quality loss-compensation
metering shall be used to account for any transmission or transformer losses between the
Project Meter and the Point of Receipt.
(c)
Meter Security and Read Access. The electric meters shall be checked
annually by Seller who shall provide Buyer with not less than thirty (30) days prior
written Notice of such tests. Buyer shall have the right to have a representative(s) present
during such tests. Seller shall be responsible for fully metering all Project generation
loads, including the obligation to accurately and completely send meter telemetry into the
PJM eMeter system. Seller shall exercise reasonable care in the maintenance and
operation of such metering equipment so as to assure to the maximum extent practicable
an accurate determination of such quantities of Energy and Products. The amount of
Energy measured by the Project Meter as being delivered to the Delivery Point rounded
downward to the nearest MWh shall be the basis for determining Delivered Energy and
the amount of other Products delivered pursuant to this Agreement based on such
Delivered Energy, subject to Buyer’s testing and audit rights.
(d)
Meter Retesting and Inaccuracy. Either Party may from time to time
request a retest of the meters if it reasonably believes that the meters are not accurate
within the tolerance limits established by PJM or the applicable service provider. The
requesting Party shall pay for any such retest and shall provide the other Party with not
less than fourteen (14) days prior written Notice of such retest. Such other Party will
have the right to have a representative present during such retest. If any tested or retested
meter is found to be not accurate within the tolerance limits established by PJM, Seller
shall promptly arrange for the correction or replacement of the meter, at its expense, and
the Parties shall use the measurements from the back-up meters or submeters to
determine the amount of the inaccuracy. If the back-up meters or submeters are found to
be not accurate within the tolerance limits and the Parties cannot otherwise agree as to the
amount of the inaccuracy, the inaccuracy will be deemed to have occurred during the
period from the date of discovery of the inaccuracy to the earlier of (a) one-half of the
period from such discovery to the date of the last testing or retesting of the meters or
(b) one hundred eighty (180) days. Any amounts due by Buyer or to be refunded by
Seller as a result of any meter that is not accurate within the tolerance limits will be
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invoiced by such Party within fifteen (15) days of the discovery of such inaccuracy, with
payment due within thirty (30) days after the date of the invoice for such amounts.
(e)
Access to Meters. To support invoice settlement purposes, Seller shall
provide Buyer with reasonable access to the Project Meter and all other real-time meters,
billing meters and back-up meters (i.e., all metering) in accordance with the
Interconnection Service Agreement. Seller shall authorize Buyer to view the Project’s
on-line meter data.
(f)
Telemetry. Seller shall send via a means of transmission approved by the
Operating Committee and consistent with Good Utility Practice and the PJM Agreements
the specific telemetry data points required for the Project, as measured by the Project
Meter, including: MW, MVAR, MWH, MVARH, isolation breaker open/closed status,
interconnection bus voltage, and amp flow. A data line will be required to send this data
to Buyer. These telemetry data point requirements are outlined in Buyer’s “Technical
Considerations Covering Parallel Operations of Customer Owned Generation of One
Megawatt or Greater and Interconnected with the Conectiv Power Delivery System.”
The MWH and MVARH values that are telemetered to Buyer must originate from the
Project Meter. Seller shall have the obligation to accurately and completely send meter
telemetry into the PJM eMeter system. Seller shall establish, in consultation with Buyer,
a system allowing Buyer and Seller to provide real-time dynamic signals sufficient to
fulfill the scheduling parameters of this Agreement and applicable PJM rules, including
enabling Seller to provide real-time dynamic signals to Buyer regarding the types and
amounts of Products that are to be delivered pursuant to this Agreement and enabling
Seller to provide Buyer real-time dynamic signals specifying the amount of Delivered
Energy that is being delivered to the Delivery Point at all times.
3.9
[Reserved].
3.10
Project Outages.
(a)
Seller’s Planned Outage Proposed Schedule. Seller shall notify Buyer of
its proposed Planned Outages for the applicable Unit, Unit Group or the Project by
submitting to Buyer and PJM a completed outage/availability notification form, such
form to be developed by the Operating Committee prior to the commencement of the PreServices Term Period (the “Outage/Availability Notification Form”) that fully accords
with the requirements of this Section 3.10 as follows:
(i)
within sixty (60) days of the commencement of the Pre-Services
Term Period and no later than seven (7) days prior to (1) each Unit Commercial
Operation Date, (2) each Unit Group Commercial Operation Date and (3) the
Initial Delivery Date, in each case for the period from such date through the end
of such calendar year;
(ii)
for the next calendar year, by no later than September 1 of each
year during the Pre-Services Term Period and the Services Term; and
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(iii)
for each calendar quarter (or portion thereof) falling thereafter, by
no later than thirty (30) days prior to the commencement of each quarter,
updating to the extent required the schedule previously Noticed pursuant to
clauses (i) or (ii) above, provided that if there is no change in the schedule
previously Noticed, the update shall state as such;
provided that any Seller’s Planned Outage lasting longer than nine (9) consecutive days
may be taken only after a minimum of thirty (30) days advance Notice prior to the month
in which the Planned Outage will occur.
Any outage scheduled and subsequently taken pursuant to clause (i), (ii) or (iii) above
shall be a Planned Outage. Except as provided elsewhere in this Agreement, including,
without limitation, Section 3.10(c) below, Seller shall not schedule any Planned Outage
for a period during which PJM prohibits a Capacity Resource from scheduling a Planned
Outage.
(b)
Seller’s Notification of Maintenance Outages. Seller shall notify Buyer
and PJM of its proposed Maintenance Outages for the Unit, Unit Group or the Project by
submitting to Buyer and PJM a completed Outage/Availability Notification Form with no
less than the advance notice required under the PJM Agreements (or if not specified in
the PJM Agreements, no less than forty-eight (48) hours) in advance of the requested
start of the Maintenance Outage. Any Maintenance Outage for which notification is
provided in accordance with this Section and permission to take such outage is granted by
either PJM or Buyer pursuant to Section 3.10(d), below, shall be a Maintenance Outage.
Seller shall not schedule any Maintenance Outage for a period during which PJM
prohibits a Capacity Resource from scheduling a Maintenance Outage, except that, with
the consent of Buyer, which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld, Seller may
request PJM approval of a Maintenance Outage during such a period, and, upon receipt of
such PJM consent, Seller may schedule a Maintenance Outage during such a period.
(c)
Buyer-Requested or Seller-Requested Changes to Planned Outage and
Maintenance Outage Schedules. At any time, Buyer may request that Seller change its
Planned Outage or Maintenance Outage schedule or Seller may request that Buyer
consent to a change in the Planned Outage or Maintenance Outage Schedule. Upon
receipt of such a request, the receiving Party shall notify the requesting Party of any
economic losses and incremental costs associated with the schedule change and an
alternative schedule change, if any, that would entail lower economic losses and lower
incremental costs. If the requesting Party’s proposed change is feasible and imposes no
economic losses or incremental costs on the receiving Party (as compared to receiving
Party’s original Planned Outage or Maintenance Outage schedule), or if the requesting
Party agrees to pay the receiving Party’s economic losses and incremental costs, the
receiving Party shall use commercially reasonable efforts to accommodate the requesting
Party’s request. Notwithstanding the foregoing, whenever PJM directs that a change be
made in the Planned Outage schedule, such change shall be undertaken by Seller at its
sole cost and expense, except to the extent the change affects an outage that was
previously changed at the request of Buyer. Seller shall communicate the changes to
PJM and seek, if required under the PJM Agreements, PJM approval for the revised
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schedule. If PJM approval is required, any change shall be dependent on receipt of such
approval. Any outage that is changed pursuant to this provision shall be a Planned
Outage or Maintenance Outage, as appropriate.
(d)
PJM Approval of Outages. Seller is responsible for securing all applicable
PJM approvals and complying with all requirements under the PJM Agreements, as
applicable, for all Planned Outages and Maintenance Outages, including securing
changes in the proposed Planned Outage and Maintenance Outage schedules when PJM
disapproves such schedules or outages or cancels previously approved Planned Outages
or Maintenance Outages. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if PJM elects not to participate
in this outage approval process during the Contract Term, Buyer shall be responsible for
the outage approval process in accordance with the terms of PJM Agreements, provided
that Buyer shall grant approvals for requested outages in accordance with the standards
and criteria applicable under the PJM Agreements, and Buyer’s approval shall not be
unreasonably withheld and shall not adversely affect the Capacity Value.
(e)
Seller Notice of Extension of Planned Outage or Maintenance Outage. At
any time, Seller may notify PJM and Buyer of a need to extend a Planned Outage or
Maintenance Outage by submitting to Buyer’s Authorized Representative a written
notification of an Outage Extension. Such Outage Extension notice shall demonstrate
that the extension satisfies the applicable requirements of the PJM Agreements for an
Outage Extension. Seller is responsible for submitting any required notification to PJM
of the extension of the Planned Outage or Maintenance Outage. If PJM determines that
the extension of the Planned Outage or Maintenance Outage qualifies as an Outage
Extension, then the additional outage duration shall be considered part of the original
Planned Outage or Maintenance Outage. If PJM notifies Seller that it is not accepting or
processing notifications of extensions of Planned Outages or Maintenance Outages for
the Unit, Unit Group or the Project as part of a policy or practice relating to wind
generating resources, then Buyer shall apply the criteria set forth in the PJM Agreements
to determine whether the requested extension qualifies as an Outage Extension and, if
Buyer determines that the requested extension satisfies such criteria, then the Outage
Extension shall be considered part of the original Planned Outage or Maintenance
Outage.
(f)
Exclusions. Any Outage taken pursuant to this Section that does not also
meet the requirements set forth in Sections 3.10(a) through (e) above for a Planned
Outage or Maintenance Outage, and any Outage taken outside of or in excess of the
duration permitted for Planned Outages or Maintenance Outages or not otherwise in
accordance with this Section 3.10, shall be treated as Forced Outages and the Project will
be deemed to be unavailable during such periods for purposes of Section 12.1(a)(vii) and
(viii).
3.11
Operations Logs and Access Rights.
(a)
Operations Logs. Seller shall maintain a complete and accurate log of all
material operations of the Project on a daily basis. Such log shall be maintained in
accordance with Good Utility Practices and shall include, but not be limited to,
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information on power production, efficiency, availability, maintenance performed,
Outages, electrical characteristics of the Project and similar information relating to the
availability, testing and operation of the Project and availability and production of the
Products. Seller shall provide this information electronically to Buyer within fifteen
(15) days of Buyer’s request.
(b)
Access Rights. Buyer, its authorized agents, employees and inspectors
shall have the right of ingress to and egress from the Project at any time upon reasonable
Notice and for any purposes reasonably connected with this Agreement, including
verification of the Project’s availability or unavailability and to monitor construction of
the Project. Buyer shall be responsible for all costs and bear all risks associated with all
such visits to the Project pursuant to this Section 3.11. While at the Project and the Site,
such Persons shall comply with all applicable Law and PJM regulations and observe such
safety precautions as may be reasonably required and communicated to such
representatives by Seller or Seller’s representatives and shall not interfere with the
operation of the Project, except in the exercise of Buyer’s remedies hereunder.
3.12
Performance Testing.
(a)
Testing Requirement. Seller shall conduct an Initial Performance Test for
purposes of establishing the Unit Group Commercial Operation Date or Project
Commercial Operation Date for each Unit, and Subsequent Performance Tests during the
term of, and the extent provided for in, the Turbine Supply Agreement after the
achievement of such Commercial Operation Dates. Seller shall bear all costs of the
Initial Performance Test and the Subsequent Performance Tests. The Parties shall
provide for additional procedures and protocols related to testing, consistent with the
principles set forth above, in the Operating Procedures, which shall be additional “Test
Procedures”, not to be included in the Initial Performance Test or the Subsequent
Performance Tests.
(b)
Initial Performance Test Procedure. The “Initial Performance Test” shall
consist of a test of each of the Units in accordance with the terms of the Turbine Supply
Agreement to confirm each such Unit is integrated with the PJM Grid and is delivering
Energy to the PJM Grid consistent with PJM requirements. Buyer may have a
representative present at the Project at any time during any Initial Performance Test and
Section 3.11 shall apply thereto.
(c)
Subsequent Performance Tests Procedures. The “Subsequent Performance
Tests” shall consist of tests and warranties of the Turbine Supply Availability and Power
Curve of the Units to the extent provided by, and in accordance with the terms of the
Turbine Supply Agreement. Such tests and confirmation of warranted performance shall
be undertaken in accordance with the terms of the Turbine Supply Agreement Buyer
may have a representative present at the Project at any time during the Subsequent
Performance Tests and Section 3.11 shall apply thereto. Buyer shall promptly be
provided with all results of the Subsequent Performance Tests by Seller.
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3.13
Operating Committee and Procedures.
(a)
After the Effective Date and prior to the time period set forth in
Section 3.13(b) below, the Parties shall establish an operating committee (the “Operating
Committee”), consisting of three Authorized Representatives of each Party, to establish
the Operating Procedures described in Section 3.13(b).
(b)
At least one hundred and twenty (120) days prior to the commencement of
the Pre-Services Term Period or, if there is no such Pre-Services Term Period, the Initial
Delivery Date, the Operating Committee shall mutually agree upon operational
procedures, not in contravention or amendment of any right or obligation set forth herein,
including, but not be limited to, (1) procedures for forecasting and scheduling in
accordance with Section 3.5, and, without requiring any additional obligations, cost or
risk to Buyer, coordination of Buyer’s scheduling obligations thereunder with the
forecasting and scheduling obligations of Seller or any other third parties with PJM with
respect to any Excess Products, (2) procedures for notification and verification to Buyer
of the Capacity Value and Cleared Capacity Value for each Capacity Year, and
procedures and management with PJM and otherwise of the transfer of the Contract
Capacity Amount from Seller to Buyer for each such Capacity Year, and any other
coordination required in connection with the Project’s treatment as a Capacity Resource
with PJM, its Capacity Value and the determination and transfer of the Contract Capacity
Amount for each Capacity Year, (3) address station power usage and costs by the Project,
(4) methods of day-to-day communications, (5) key personnel lists, (6) record keeping
and (7) such other procedures and protocols as the Parties deem appropriate for
implementation of this Agreement (the “Operating Procedures”); provided that failure to
agree on such procedures (i) shall be resolved in accordance with the procedures set forth
in Article XIII (Dispute Resolution) and (ii) shall not relieve either of the Parties of its
obligations under this Agreement.
3.14 Resource Adequacy Requirements. The Parties acknowledge that the
Commission, PJM, FERC, or another Governmental Authority may, during the Contract
Term, put into place a Resource Adequacy Requirement whereby eligibility to credit
Capacity toward the Resource Adequacy Requirement may be determined by identifying
the Project. The Parties further acknowledge that as of the Execution Date no such
Resource Adequacy Requirement exists. During the Pre-Services Term Period and the
Services Term, Seller shall commit the Units to Buyer for the purpose of meeting any
Resource Adequacy Requirements applicable to Buyer that may be established by the
Commission, PJM (or successor control area operator) or other Governmental Authority
from time to time, and shall comply with any Commission, PJM, FERC, or other
Governmental Authorities requirements for meeting RAR (to the extent, in each case, that
a wind-powered electric generating facility is able to comply with such Resource
Adequacy Requirements). For avoidance of doubt, included within Buyer’s exclusive
rights to Products available from the Units and the Project described in Section 3.1(a),
Buyer is entitled to all products there from that are related to RAR, including capacity
tags, capacity credits, and all installed capacity and other capacity-related products
pertaining to Buyer’s entitlement to the Products from the Project (other than with respect
to Excess Products). For the avoidance of doubt, Seller shall have the right to sell to third
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parties all RAR related products that are related to the Excess Products, including
capacity tags, capacity credits, and all installed capacity and other capacity-related
products pertaining to such Excess Products, so long as such sale does not limit or reduce
the ability of Buyer to receive the Products required to be delivered to Buyer under this
Agreement.
Throughout the Pre-Services Term Period and the Services Term, Seller shall take all
such actions and execute any and all documents or instruments necessary to ensure the
availability and qualification of each Unit and the Project and the Capacity to meet
Buyer’s RAR and Buyer’s or PJM’s right to the use a proportionate amount of the Project
and its Products (up to those maximum amounts as set forth in Section 3.1(a)) for the
benefit of Buyer’s RAR (to the extent, in each case, that a wind-powered electric
generating facility is able to comply with applicable Resource Adequacy Requirements).
The Parties acknowledge and agree that the allocation of capacity-related rights to Buyer
under this Section 3.14 shall be accomplished in part through the obligations of Seller
pursuant to Sections 3.1(a)(i)(A) and 3.1(a)(ii), including the transfer of the Contract
Capacity Amount for each Capacity Year, but the Parties further acknowledge and agree
to take such further actions as may be appropriate or desirable in order to give full effect
to the intent of this Section 3.14.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, in the event that, subsequent to the Execution Date and
the qualification of the Project as a Capacity Resource as required pursuant to
Section 5.3(a)(x), Seller is required to incur any increase in operating or capital costs, or
lost revenues due to reduced production resulting from compliance with Buyer’s RAR
requirements (including lost PTC revenue that would otherwise accrue to Seller due to its
performance under the Agreement, as calculated in accordance with the method set forth
in Section 3.16) in excess of $200,000 per year or $500,000 for the Contract Term in
order to meet Buyer’s RAR, Buyer shall have the option to waive or enforce compliance
with the obligations related to RAR hereunder. If Buyer elects to enforce the compliance
by Seller with the RAR pursuant to the previous sentence, Buyer shall compensate Seller
for the incremental costs or lost revenues due to reduced production (including lost PTC
revenue that would otherwise accrue to Seller due to its performance under the
Agreement, as calculated in accordance with the method set forth in Section 3.16) it
would not have incurred but for compliance with RAR, in excess of $200,000 per year or
$500,000 for the Contract Term, as such incremental costs or lost revenues shall be
reasonably demonstrated by Seller. In the event the Parties disagree on the amount
needed to keep the Seller in the same financial position as it would have been in had it
not been required to incur any such costs of subsequent compliance with RAR, the matter
shall be resolved in accordance with the dispute resolution provisions set forth in
Article 13.
Subject to the other terms of this Section 3.14, the actions required of Seller pursuant to
this Section 3.14 after the Initial Delivery Date may include the following:
(i)
Cooperating with Buyer, and cooperating with and encouraging the
regional entity or Governmental Authority responsible for RAR administration, to
certify or qualify the Project and/or Products and such portion of the Contract
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Capacity as is necessary for the Buyer’s Percentage of Contract Capacity to
qualify for Buyer’s RAR purposes; meeting any revisions to the requirements
established by PJM in its resource adequacy counting protocols from those in
effect as of the Initial Delivery Date, including revisions relating to the
demonstration of the ongoing ability to deliver such portion of the Contract
Capacity over all hours required for full RAR eligibility, and demonstrating that
such portion of the Contract Capacity can continue to be delivered to the PJM
Grid pursuant to any deliverability standards established by PJM or other regional
entity or entities responsible for RAR administration;
(ii)
Negotiating in good faith to make necessary amendments, if any,
to this Agreement to conform this Agreement to subsequent clarifications,
revisions or decisions rendered by the Commission or the regional entity or
entities or Governmental Authority responsible for RAR administration, so as to
maintain the benefits of the bargain struck by the Parties; and
(iii) Taking commercially reasonable measures necessary to comply
with any changes to the requirements for meeting RAR implemented after the
Initial Delivery Date.
In addition, subject to Buyer’s scheduling responsibilities and ultimate
responsibility therefor hereunder pursuant to Sections 3.4 and 3.5, Seller agrees to
take all reasonable steps to comply (to the extent that a wind-powered electric
generating facility is able to qualify), subject to the Operational Limitations, with
all associated bidding/dispatch requirements imposed through either PJM market
design and tariffs, the Commission, or FERC. Such bidding requirements may be
imposed in the day ahead, hour ahead or real time timeframe.
3.15 Minimum Performance Requirement. During the Services Term, Seller
shall be required to deliver to Buyer Delivered Energy annually in each Contract Year in
an amount equal to at least fifty-two percent (52%) of the MPR Base Amount of the
Project (“Minimum Performance Requirement”). In each Contract Year of the Services
Term if the amount of Delivered Energy delivered to Buyer at the Delivery Point from
the Project pursuant to the terms of the Agreement (and giving credit to Seller for
Deemed Generated Energy attributable for such Contract Year) is less than the Minimum
Performance Requirement, Seller shall pay to Buyer an amount equal to $25 total per
MWh for the deficit amount of Energy and associated RECs below the Minimum
Performance Requirement. Damages payable by Seller to Buyer pursuant to the terms of
this Section 3.15 for failure to meet the Minimum Performance Requirement shall be
capped at $1,500,000 per year and $10,000,000 in the aggregate over the Services Term.
Buyer shall have the right to terminate the Agreement pursuant to Section 12.2 in the
event the amount of damages payable by Seller to Buyer pursuant to this Section 3.15
reaches the cumulative limit of $10,000,000 prior to the end of the Services Term, which
such occurrence shall be deemed a Seller’s Event of Default.
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3.16
Buyer Failure to Take Delivered Energy.
(a)
During the Pre-Services Term Period and the Services Term, and subject
in all respects to Section 3.1(a)(iv): (1) if Buyer fails to take Delivered Energy made
available to Buyer at the Delivery Point that Buyer is required to purchase under the
terms of this Agreement, or (2) if Seller is unable to generate Energy that would
otherwise be delivered to and be required to be purchased by Buyer pursuant to the terms
of the Agreement, in each case not resulting from a Force Majeure Event, Dispatch Down
Period or an Instructed Operation, and is otherwise solely due to any act or failure to act
by Buyer that is inconsistent with Buyer’s rights and obligations under the Agreement,
and such failure to take or inability to generate is not excused by or caused by (to the
extent inconsistent with Seller’s rights and obligations hereunder) Seller’s action,
inaction or default (a “Buyer Unexcused Failure”), then Buyer shall pay to Seller, upon
Seller’s written request therefor on thirty (30) days prior written Notice, an amount equal
to (a) in the case of clause (2) above, the Deemed Generated Energy for such period,
multiplied by the price for Delivered Energy then applicable for such period set forth in
Section 4.2; and (b) in the case of clause (1) above, if positive, (x) the Deemed Generated
Energy (as measured at the Project Meter) for such period, multiplied by the price for
Delivered Energy then applicable for such period set forth in Section 4.2, less (y) the
sales price or other amounts received by Seller with respect to such delivered Deemed
Generated Energy (as measured at the Project Meter), whether from sales to third parties
or into the PJM markets, from balancing amounts or otherwise (it being understood that
Seller shall use all commercially reasonable efforts to seek to obtain the best price
available for such Energy, and sell such delivered Deemed Generated Energy (in
accordance with Section 12.6) into the PJM market) (any such payments required to be
made by Buyer pursuant to this Section 3.16, the “Deemed Generated Energy
Compensation Amount”).
Buyer shall invoice all Deemed Generated Energy
Compensation Amounts, consistent with Article VI. In the event that Buyer is
compensating Seller for a Buyer Unexcused Failure as set forth in this Section 3.16, such
failure to take Energy and other Products as described herein shall not constitute an Event
of Default hereunder.
(b)
In connection with any payment by Buyer due under Section 3.16(a) for a
quantity of Deemed Generated Energy as required pursuant to this Section 3.16, Buyer
shall also pay to Seller compensation for the Environmental Attributes attributable to the
Deemed Generated Energy that Seller has either not been able to generate (in the case of
Deemed Generated Energy covered by Section 3.16(a)(2) above) or that Seller has not
been able to sell (despite its commercially reasonable efforts to do so) (in the case of
Deemed Generated Energy covered by Section 3.16(a)(1)), in an amount equal to the
applicable number of Environmental Attributes that would correspond to such Deemed
Generated Energy multiplied by the price for Environmental Attributes then applicable
for such period set forth in Section 4.2(a)(iii)(A), as adjusted pursuant to
Section 4.2(a)(iv) (in the case of Deemed Generated Energy covered by
Section 3.16(a)(2)), or compensation for the Environmental Attributes that were
generated in connection with the Deemed Generated Energy, but which Buyer did not
purchase in contravention of its obligations under this Agreement (in the case of Deemed
Generated Energy covered in Section 3.16(a)(1)), in an amount equal to (if positive)
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(x) the applicable number of Environmental Attributes generated with respect to such
Deemed Generated Energy and which were required to be purchased by Buyer hereunder,
multiplied by the price for Environmental Attributes then applicable for such period set
forth in Section 4.2(a)(iii)(A), as adjusted pursuant to Section 4.2(a)(iv), less (y) the sales
price or other amounts received by Seller with respect to such generated Environmental
Attributes (it being understood that Seller shall use all commercially reasonable efforts to
sell (pursuant to Section 12.6) such generated Environmental Attributes). In the case of
Deemed Generated Energy arising under Section 3.16(a)(2) only, Seller shall receive
compensation for PTCs, calculated on an After-Tax Basis, to which Seller would have
been entitled and did not otherwise receive with respect to the amount of such Deemed
Generated Energy on account of Buyer’s Unexcused Failure at the then current PTC rate
applicable to the Units in question giving effect to any inflation adjustment currently
incorporated into the PTC at such time.
(c)
Buyer shall additionally compensate Seller for ninety two percent (92%)
of any reduction in Buyer’s Percentage of Capacity Value for any Capacity Year caused
by Buyer’s Unexcused Failure directly resulting in a reduction of Capacity Value
attributable to Deemed Generated Energy covered by Section 3.16(a)(2) above.
Calculations described above in this Section shall be initially calculated by Seller
and accompanied by any supporting documentation necessary for Buyer to confirm the
calculations and amounts due hereunder. Disputes regarding compensation amounts
under this Section 3.16 are subject to the dispute resolution provisions of Article XIII.
ARTICLE IV
COMPENSATION
4.1
[Reserved].
4.2
Product Compensation
(a)
Compensation Rates.
(i)
Base Capacity Payment Rate (“BCPR”) shall equal $70.23 per
kW-year of Buyer’s Percentage of Contract Capacity included in the calculation
of the Contract Capacity Amount, as adjusted pursuant to Section 4.2(a)(iv).
(ii)
Base Energy Rate (“BER”) shall equal $98.93 per MWh, as
adjusted pursuant to Section 4.2(a)(iv).
(iii) Base Renewable Energy Credits Rate (“BRR”) shall equal the
product of (A) $15.32 per REC multiplied by (B) the percentage of credits that
Buyer receives toward meeting its Renewable Energy Portfolio Standards
requirements under the RPS Act for RECs generated by the Project, as adjusted
pursuant to Section 4.2(a)(iv). Examples of the adjustment to the BRR under this
Subsection are set out in Appendix V.
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(iv)
The Base Capacity Payment Rate, Base Energy Rate and the Base
Renewable Energy Credits Rate shall also be subject to a fixed two-and-one-half
percent (2.5%) annual inflation adjustment rate for each calendar year after the
year 2007 (“Annual Inflation Adjustment” or “AIA”).
(b)
Product Payment Obligations.
During each month of the Pre-Services Term Period and the Services
Term, Buyer shall pay Seller, in arrears, a Monthly Fixed Payment
(“MFP”), as full payment for the right to receive the Products and the
delivery thereof (including the transfer to Buyer of the Contract Capacity
Amount) pursuant to the terms of the Agreement, determined as follows:
MFPm = [[(BCPR x 8.333%) x MCCm] + [(BER x MED)] + [BRR x
MRD]] x AIA
where,
MFPm is the Monthly Fixed Payment for the subject month;
MCCm is the amount of Contract Capacity (restated in kw-year) for the
Capacity Year in which such month falls which has been included in the
calculation of the Contract Capacity Amount for such Capacity Year to be
transferred to Buyer by Seller in accordance with this Agreement;
provided that MCCm shall be zero (0) for each month that does not fall
within a Capacity Year for which Seller shall have transferred the Contract
Capacity Amount for such Capacity Year to Buyer in accordance with
Sections 3.1(a)(i)(A) or 3.1(a)(ii);
MED is the Delivered Energy (expressed in number of MWh) delivered to
Buyer in the subject month in accordance with this Agreement; and
MRD is the number of RECs delivered to Buyer in the subject month in
accordance with this Agreement.
4.3
Most Favored Customer Pricing. Notwithstanding any other provision
herein to the contrary, and considering that Buyer’s costs under the Agreement will be
borne by Buyer’s Delaware customers, if, prior to Financial Closing, Seller or any
Affiliate of Seller enters into any agreement with a third party for the sale of Excess
Products in the form of Energy, Capacity or RECs from the Project (or any Units thereof)
or energy, capacity or RECs from any other offshore wind energy generating facility
within fifty (50) miles from the geographic center of the Project, to any Person, either
directly or indirectly, on economic terms that, when all economic terms (for purposes of
this Section 4.3 “economic terms” shall mean the allocation of costs associated with
negative Locational Marginal Prices in Section 3.4(d) and the prices for Energy, Capacity
and RECs) are considered together, are more favorable to the purchaser thereunder than
those economic terms set forth in the Agreement, Seller shall offer or provide Energy,
RECs and Contract Capacity (in the form of the Contract Capacity Amount consistent
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with Section 3.1) hereunder on economic terms that, when considered together, are no
less favorable than those offered by Seller or Seller’s Affiliate to such party; provided,
however, that (i) RECs shall only be covered by this Section 4.3 to the extent that they
are sold together with associated Energy and (ii) in assessing RECs for this purpose, the
RPS Multiplier and the pricing component set out in Section 4.2(a)(iii)(B) shall be
excluded from consideration. For the avoidance of doubt, any (1) contract for sales of
Energy (anticipated to be approximately 100,000-150,000 MWh per year) and/or capacity
to DEMEC consistent with the terms of that certain sale by Seller announced in May
2007 and entered into prior to Financial Closing (for the avoidance of doubt, if contracted
sales volumes are increased under such contract, while such additional sales shall be
subject to this Section 4.3, the original sales under such contract shall not be subject to
this Section 4.3), and (2) sales of RECs that are associated with Delivered Energy but that
are otherwise not required to be purchased by Buyer under Section 3.1(a)(i)(C) or
Section 3.1(a)(ii), shall not be subject to this Section 4.3. Simultaneous with Seller
entering into any contract for the sale of Products or products as described in the previous
sentence, Seller shall certify in writing to Buyer that it has complied with the
requirements of this Section 4.3, which certification shall be accompanied by an
amendment to the Agreement providing for a change in economic terms hereunder if
required by this Section 4.3. At Buyer’s request, Seller shall permit the Independent
Evaluator to verify the accuracy of any certification required pursuant to this Section,
provided that prior to such verification the Independent Evaluator shall execute a
confidentiality agreement with the Seller that prohibits the Independent Evaluator from
disclosing any third party contractual information (including pricing) to Buyer or third
parties and either Party may appeal the finding of the Independent Evaluator pursuant to
Article XIII.
ARTICLE V
CONDITIONS PRECEDENT; EFFECTIVE DATE;
CONSTRUCTION; AND INITIAL DELIVERY DATE
5.1
The Effective Date.
(a)
Conditions Precedent to Effective Date. The Effective Date shall be
deemed to have occurred on the satisfaction or waiver of the following conditions
precedent:
(i)
Buyer and Seller, as applicable, shall have entered into the Project
Security Agreements (other than the Delay Damages Account Control
Agreement).
(ii)
Seller shall have provided to Buyer the initial installment of the
Development Period Security pursuant to Section 8.1(a).
(iii) Buyer’s independent outside auditing firm shall have determined that
Buyer will not be required to consolidate Seller on Buyer’s financial statements
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under the latest interpretations of the Financial Accounting Standard Board’s
Interpretation No. 46 (“FIN 46”), “Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities.”
(iv)
Regulatory Approval shall have occurred.
(v)
Buyer and Seller each shall have received all third party consents
necessary in order to enter into the Agreement and perform its respective
obligations hereunder.
(vi)
Legislation has been enacted by the State of Delaware directing the
Commission to establish an adjustable non-bypassable charge that distributes all
costs arising out of the Agreement to Buyer’s entire Delaware customer base,
unless, after Commission review, any such costs are determined by the
Commission to have been incurred in bad faith, are the product of waste or out of
an abuse of discretion, or in violation of law.
(vii) The RPS Act has been amended to provide that Buyer shall receive three
hundred and fifty percent credit (350%) toward meeting the Renewable Energy
Portfolio Standards established under the RPS Act for RECs received from the
Project for at least as long as the Contract Term.
Buyer and Seller shall each use good faith efforts to achieve satisfaction of these
conditions precedent.
(b)
Failure of the Effective Date. Subject to the provisions of Section 2.3
regarding termination of the Agreement for failure to receive Regulatory Approval, in the
event that a condition precedent to the Effective Date has not been satisfied within three
hundred sixty-five (365) days of the Execution Date, provided that a Party has made
commercially reasonable efforts, based on the extent of its reasonable control, to satisfy
the conditions precedent to the Effective Date set forth in Section 5.1(a), such Party shall
have the right to terminate this Agreement, as long as such right is exercised by Notice
received within thirty (30) days after such failure and in accordance with Section 2.3. If
either Party has the right to terminate this Agreement in accordance with the above
provisions of this Section 5.1(b), and this Agreement is terminated pursuant to this
Section 5.1(b), Buyer shall refund to Seller the full amount of Development Period
Security posted by Seller within ten (10) Business Days of such termination.
5.2
Construction.
(a)
Design, Development and Construction. Except as otherwise provided in
an Interconnection Construction Services Agreement, as between Buyer and Seller, Seller
shall have sole responsibility for the design and construction of the Project and the
Project Meter and all related metering and submetering facilities, including the obligation
to perform all studies, including environmental studies, pay all fees, obtain all necessary
Permits and execute all necessary agreements with PJM and Participating Transmission
Owners for the Electrical Interconnection Facilities necessary for the ownership,
construction, operation and maintenance of the Project and delivery of Seller’s Products
in accordance with the terms hereof. All of such design, construction and upgrades shall
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be consistent with all standards and provisions set forth by FERC, PJM or any other
applicable Governmental Authority and the interconnecting Participating Transmission
Owner. All Electrical Interconnection Facilities, including metering and submetering
facilities, must be of sufficient capacity to permit the Project to operate at all times during
each month at the Project Capacity. Metering and submetering facilities must meet such
additional specifications as set forth in Section 3.8.
(b)
Construction Scheduling. At least three (3) months prior to issuance of
the EPC Notice to Proceed by Seller to the EPC Contractor, Seller shall provide Buyer a
construction schedule detailing the schedule and construction milestones for completing
the Project and each of the Units and reaching the Project Commercial Operation Date,
the Initial Delivery Date and each Unit Group Commercial Operation Date. Seller shall
provide Buyer with monthly progress reports, including projected time to the Project
Commercial Operation Date and each Unit Group Commercial Operation Date, and
Buyer shall have the right, during business hours and upon reasonable Notice, to inspect
the construction site and monitor construction of the Project.
(c)
Permitting. Seller shall be permitted to terminate the Agreement and
Buyer will return the Development Period Security to Seller less three million dollars
($3,000,000) as liquidated damages (such liquidated damages being Buyer’s sole remedy
for such termination by Seller) if Seller, after making all commercially reasonable efforts
to do so, is unable to secure the Permits required for the construction and commencement
of Commercial Operation of the Project, excepting such Permits for operation which are
routinely granted on or about the time of the commencement of Commercial Operation
(the “Permitting Milestone”), on or prior to May 31, 2012 (the “Permitting Deadline”).
In the event that, after making all commercially reasonable efforts to do so, Seller cannot
satisfy the Permitting Milestone prior to the Permitting Deadline, then, at Seller’s sole
election, Seller shall be permitted to extend the Permitting Deadline by six (6) months if
Seller agrees, going forward, to pay the then undrawn amount of the Development Period
Security to Buyer as liquidated damages if Seller is unable to achieve the Permitting
Milestone by the extended Permitting Deadline and Buyer exercises its right to terminate
this Agreement for failure to meet the Permitting Milestone (which such termination and
liquidated damages shall be Buyer’s sole remedies for such Event of Default). Nothing
in this subsection (c) shall be construed to limit the Buyer’s ability to recover the full
Development Period Security, Services Term Security or other damages (to the extent
described elsewhere in the Agreement) for any default of Seller arising other than as a
result of a failure to meet the Permitting Deadline.
(d)
Critical Milestones. The Seller shall cause the development and
construction of the Project to meet each of the Critical Milestones on or before the dates
specified for such Critical Milestones on Schedule 1, and shall provide Notice (including
evidence reasonably requested by Buyer) when each Critical Milestone is accomplished.
(e)
Termination Rights for Failure to Achieve Critical Milestones.
(i)
If Seller fails to complete any Critical Milestone within eighteen
(18) months of the date such event is scheduled to occur on or before in
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Schedule 1 and such failure is not caused by a Force Majeure Event, such failure
will be deemed an Event of Default and as sole remedies for such Event of
Default Buyer shall have the right to (i) terminate the Agreement upon the
delivery of thirty (30) days prior Notice thereof to Seller, without liability to
Seller and (ii) to retain the then undrawn amount of the Development Period
Security as liquidated damages.
(ii)
If Seller fails to achieve the “Financial Closing” Critical Milestone
(described in Schedule 1) within eighteen (18) months of the date for such Critical
Milestone set out on Schedule 1 (the “Financing Closing Deadline”), despite
Seller’s commercially reasonable and diligent efforts to do so, Seller shall have
the right to terminate the Agreement upon (30) days prior Notice thereof to Buyer,
without liability to Buyer other than that Buyer shall have the right to retain the
then undrawn amount of the Development Period Security as liquidated damages
(such liquidated damages being Buyer’s sole remedy for such termination by
Seller) for such termination by Seller. If Seller does not issue such Notice to
terminate the Agreement within forty-five (45) days of the Financing Closing
Deadline, such right of Seller shall be deemed to have been waived and may no
longer be exercised.
(f)
Reports. Within five (5) days after the close of each calendar month until
the Initial Delivery Date, Seller shall provide to Buyer a Monthly Project Development
and Construction Progress Report addressing each of the Milestones (see Schedule 1)
including projected time to completion, in each case in a form agreed upon by the Parties.
The Buyer and Seller shall also agree to regularly scheduled meetings between
representatives of Buyer and Seller to review such monthly reports and discuss Seller’s
development and construction progress. Subject to Section 3.11, Buyer shall have the
right, during business hours and upon reasonable Notice, to inspect the Site and/or onSite Seller data and information pertaining to the Project and otherwise inspect or audit to
enforce its rights pursuant to this section.
(g)
Buyer and Seller shall negotiate in good faith to enter into the
Interconnection Construction Service Agreement and the Interconnection Service
Agreement with PJM in accordance with the PJM Agreements. After the Execution
Date, Buyer and Seller shall use good faith efforts to enter into a pre-construction service
agreement (the “Pre-Construction Services Agreement”), which such agreement shall
require Seller to perform certain pre-construction services related to the planning, design
and construction of the Indian River Line Assets, including undertaking all those
activities related thereto that are not related to PJM approvals or authorizations.
5.3
Initial Delivery Date.
(a)
Conditions Precedent. The Initial Delivery Date shall occur, on or after
the Effective Date, upon the date on which each of the following conditions precedent
have been satisfied or waived by written agreement of the Parties.
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(i)
Seller shall construct or cause to be constructed the Project with an
aggregate nameplate capacity rating equal to ninety-four percent (94%) of the
Project Capacity at no expense to Buyer, which shall include the equipment and
characteristics as described in Appendix 1, and which shall reasonably be
expected to enable Seller to satisfy the obligations of the Seller herein.
(ii)
Seller shall construct or cause to be constructed the Electrical
Interconnection Facilities at no expense to Buyer such that the Electrical
Interconnection Facilities are capable of delivering the maximum quantities of
Energy to the Delivery Point as contemplated in this Agreement during each
month (in addition to any other output of the Project as the Electric
Interconnection Facilities are required to transmit) and shall cause them to be
placed into service, in each case, in accordance with the requirements of the
interconnecting transmission owner and/or operator, and applicable rules, if any,
of FERC, PJM, the Commission and any other organization or Governmental
Authority charged with reliability responsibilities.
(iii)
[RESERVED]
(iv)
At Seller’s expense, Seller shall have obtained (and demonstrated
possession of) all Permits required for the lawful construction, operation and
maintenance of the Project and the Units, inclusive of the Electrical
Interconnection Facilities, including all those related to environmental matters, as
necessary to permit the Seller to operate the Project at the Project Capacity and
for Seller to perform its obligations under the Agreement.
(v)
Seller shall have executed all interconnection and transmission
services agreements, including the Interconnection Services Agreement and the
Interconnection Construction Service Agreement, all agreements necessary for its
use and control of the Site for purposes of the construction, operation and
maintenance of the Project for a term at least equal to the Pre-Services Term
Period (if a Pre-Services Term Period occurs) and the Services Term, and all other
agreements that are necessary for Seller to perform its obligations hereunder, in
form and substance reasonably satisfactory to both Buyer and Seller in the case of
each interconnection and transmission services agreement, and which agreements
shall be in full force and effect as of the Initial Delivery Date.
(vi)
The Project Commercial Operation Date shall have occurred or
will occur simultaneously with the Initial Delivery Date.
(vii) Seller shall provide Buyer with Notice that the Project Commercial
Operation Date has occurred or will occur simultaneously with the Initial
Delivery Date.
(viii) No default or Event of Default shall have occurred and remain
uncured as of the Initial Delivery Date.
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(ix)
Seller shall have provided Buyer with Notice of the expected
occurrence of the Initial Delivery Date no later than ten (10) Business Days prior
and again three (3) days prior to its occurrence and again immediately prior to the
date it occurs.
(x)
Seller is a PJM Member and shall have entered into all required
PJM Agreements required to perform under the Agreement, which shall be in full
force and effect, the Project has been accepted as a Capacity Resource of PJM as
of the date in question, and (i) if there shall not have been a Pre-Services Term
Period, Seller shall be able to transfer the Contract Capacity Amount to Buyer as
required pursuant to Section 3.1(a)(i)(A) with respect to the first Capacity Year
commencing after the Initial Delivery Date, or (ii) if there shall have been a PreServices Term Period for which a Capacity Year remains in effect in accordance
with Section 3.1(a)(ii), Seller remains able to transfer the Contract Capacity
Amount for such Capacity Year to Buyer.
(xi)
The Project has qualified and has been certified by the
Commission as an Eligible Energy Resource (as defined by the Commission in
the RPS Rules and the RPS Act) and all Energy produced by the Project qualifies
as generation from an Eligible Energy Resource under the RPS Act and the
Commission RPS Rules.
(xii) Seller has posted the Collateral required to be posted in favor of
Buyer as of the Initial Delivery Date pursuant to Section 8.1(b) and entered into
the Project Security Agreements.
(xiii) Seller shall have all necessary rights to the Project Site to construct
and to operate the Project in accordance with the terms hereof.
5.4
Delay Damages; Termination Upon Delay.
(a)
Subject to Section 5.5, in the event that the conditions precedent to the
occurrence of the Initial Delivery Date set forth in Section 5.3 are not satisfied or waived
on or prior to the Guaranteed Initial Delivery Date, for each day (or part thereof)
beginning with the day after the Guaranteed Initial Delivery Date through and including
the date on which the Initial Delivery Date occurs, Seller will be required to pay Buyer
daily liquidated damages (“Delay Damages”) in the amount of (i) $34,995 per day, to the
extent the Capacity as of the Guaranteed Initial Delivery Date shall be less than 50% of
the Project Capacity), or (ii) to the extent the Capacity as of the Guaranteed Initial
Delivery Date shall be equal to or greater than 50% of the Project Capacity, but less than
the total Project Capacity, the amount per day equal to the product of $34,995 multiplied
by a fraction, the numerator of which shall be the difference between the Project Capacity
and the Capacity as of the Guaranteed Initial Delivery Date, and the denominator of
which shall be the Project Capacity. The maximum amount of Delay Damages payable
by Seller shall be $19,177,260 (“Maximum Delay Damages”) and payment thereof shall
be made in accordance with Section 6.1 and 6.5.
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If (x) the Initial Delivery Date is not achieved by the Guaranteed Initial Delivery
Date solely due to delays in obtaining Permits as set forth on Schedule 3 or litigation
initiated by third parties, in each case that has the direct effect of preventing Seller from
reaching the Milestones set forth on Schedule 1 hereto, and (y) Seller has taken
commercially reasonable steps to resolve any such permitting or litigation delay (in each
case, as reasonably demonstrated to Buyer’s satisfaction), such Delay Damages shall
accrue from and after the Guaranteed Initial Delivery Date in accordance with the
immediately preceding paragraph, but shall not be due and payable unless Seller fails to
achieve the Initial Delivery Date by the Date Certain, in which case such accrued Delay
Damages that would have otherwise been immediately payable by Seller but for such
exception shall be due and payable to Buyer on the Date Certain in addition to the
Termination Fee described below. Any Delay Damages accrued pursuant to the previous
sentence shall be secured in favor of Buyer at the time of accrual by the posting by Seller
within five (5) Business Days after the Guaranteed Initial Delivery Date of either (a) a
satisfactory Letter of Credit at all times in an amount equal to such accruals or (b) cash
Collateral (deposited in an account with a Qualified Issuer (such account being the
“Delay Damages Account”)) equal to such accruals pursuant to a customary account
control agreement creating a valid and perfected first priority security interest therein in
favor of Buyer in form and substance reasonably acceptable to Buyer (the “Delay
Damages Account Control Agreement”). If the Initial Delivery Date does not occur by
the Date Certain, Buyer may thereafter withdraw from the Delay Damages Account or
draw on the Letter of Credit an amount (as liquidated damages) equal to the Delay
Damages accrued in favor of Buyer pursuant to the terms of this paragraph but not yet
paid to Buyer by Seller (the “Accrued Delay Damages”).
(b)
In addition to any Delay Damages payable by Seller pursuant to
Section 5.4(a) above, in the event that Seller has not satisfied the conditions precedent to
the Initial Delivery Date by May 31, 2016 (the “Date Certain”), on such date or at any
time thereafter Buyer may elect to terminate the Agreement upon thirty (30) days prior
Notice to Seller. Any such termination by Buyer shall be without further liability or
obligation of any kind on the part of Buyer, and the Seller shall pay as liquidated
damages to Buyer a termination fee (the “Termination Fee”) equal to $15,000,000. (For
the avoidance of doubt, upon payment of such Termination Fee, all Development Period
Security shall immediately be released and cancelled.) Notwithstanding the foregoing, to
the extent that (x) the actual Capacity of the Project is at least sixty percent (60%) of the
Project Capacity by the effective date of the termination described above in this
Section 5.4(b) and (y) all other conditions to the Initial Delivery Date set forth in
Section 5.3 have been satisfied in full, then (A) Buyer’s termination right described
above in this Section 5.4(b) shall only be applicable to that portion of Project Capacity
that has not yet reached a Unit Group Commercial Operation Date as of such effective
date, and (B) the Seller shall be obligated to pay only the pro rata portion of the
Termination Fee applicable to that portion of the Project Capacity that has not yet
reached a Unit Group Commercial Operation Date (as of the effective date of such
termination). The non-occurrence of the Initial Delivery Date by the Date Certain shall
constitute an Event of Default, the sole remedy for which event is set forth in this
Section 5.4(b). In the alternative, notwithstanding such Event of Default, Buyer shall
have the option to extend the end date of the Services Term by a period equal to the
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difference between the Guaranteed Initial Delivery Date and the actual Initial Delivery
Date. For the avoidance of doubt, (i) the Maximum Delay Damages shall apply to limit
aggregate Delay Damages, but shall not limit payment of the full amount of the
Termination Fee as liquidated damages; and (ii) notwithstanding anything herein to the
contrary, in the event of a termination pursuant to this Section 5.4(b), under no
circumstances shall Buyer be entitled to collect amounts in excess of the sum of the
Termination Fee, the Delay Damages, and any other amounts due under this Agreement
at the time of termination, or that may become due after termination pursuant to terms
hereof.
(c)
If only a portion of the Project is terminated pursuant to Sections 5.4(b),
5.4(e), 5.7 or 12.4, the Project Capacity thereafter shall be equal to the aggregate
nameplate capacity rating of the portion of the Project that is not terminated.
(d)
On or after the Guaranteed Initial Delivery Date, to the extent Seller
reasonably determines that the Project will not achieve the Initial Delivery Date with
respect to one hundred percent (100%) of the Project Capacity (or such lesser amount of
Project Capacity to the extent Project Capacity is reduced as permitted pursuant to the
terms of this Agreement) prior to the Date Certain despite Seller’s reasonable good faith
efforts to achieve the Initial Delivery Date prior to such date, Seller may terminate the
Agreement prior to the end of the twelve (12) month period commencing on the
Guaranteed Initial Delivery Date and ending on the Date Certain by paying to Buyer the
full Termination Fee and any Delay Damages accrued and unpaid prior to the date of
termination (such amounts being Buyer’s sole remedy for such termination by Seller).
(e)
Notwithstanding the foregoing, if a Force Majeure Event of the general
type set forth in items (1) through (4) of the definition of a Force Majeure Event
hereunder has delayed the Project Commercial Operation Date with respect to less than
40% of the total Project Capacity beyond the Date Certain (but a minimum Capacity of
60% of the Project Capacity shall have achieved the Commercial Operation Date by the
Date Certain), Seller may specify an additional number of Units in excess of the Units
that have already reached a Unit Group Commercial Operation Date by the Date Certain
(but in no event shall such additional Units exceed the number of MWs of the total
Project Capacity affected by such Force Majeure Event) representing the additional Units
of the Project Seller intends to reach a Commercial Operation Date by May 31, 2017
(such Units, the “Post Date Certain Units”). From and after the Date Certain, Seller shall
exercise reasonable good faith efforts to cause the Post Date Certain Units to reach a
Commercial Operation Date by May 31, 2017. Applicable performance standards and
obligations of Buyer and Seller shall be adjusted on the Date Certain to reflect the
number of Units that have reached a Commercial Operation Date on or prior to the Date
Certain, and shall be further adjusted on the earlier of the date on which the entire Project
(as contemplated in Appendix 1) has achieved a Commercial Operation Date or May 31,
2017 to further reflect the final Project size of the Units that have reached a Commercial
Operation Date. Payment of a pro rata portion of the Termination Fee associated with the
Post Date Certain Units shall be due and payable within five (5) days after May 31, 2017
for the portion of the Post Date Certain Units not achieving a Commercial Operation Date
by May 31, 2017, and within five (5) days after May 31, 2017, Seller shall pay to Buyer
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Daily Delay Damages with respect to the Post Date Certain Units for the period of time
between the Date Certain and May 31, 2017 that such Units had not achieved a
Commercial Operation Date. For the avoidance of doubt, the aggregate total of any such
Delay Damages and all other Delay Damages incurred by Seller pursuant to Section 5.4
shall not be in excess of the Maximum Delay Damages amount. Seller shall further
provide Buyer with a schedule of the projected Commercial Operation Dates of any Units
being placed in service after the Date Certain pursuant to this provision and the projected
quantities of Products to be delivered under the Agreement from such Units. Such
schedule shall be updated on a bi-weekly basis beginning ninety (90) days prior to the
Date Certain and ending on May 31, 2017.
5.5
Effect of Force Majeure. Each Critical Milestone and the Guaranteed
Initial Delivery Date shall be extended on a day-for-day basis without the payment of
Delay Damages, not exceeding an aggregate extension of eighteen (18) months for all
such Force Majeure Events, to the extent that such Critical Milestone or Guaranteed
Initial Delivery Date is delayed as a result of a Force Majeure Event invoked by the
Seller in accordance with Section 14.3.
5.6
Termination of Agreement Upon Publication of MMS Regulations. Seller
shall have the right to terminate the Agreement and Buyer will retain $3,000,000 in
Development Period Security (or $1,500,000 in Development Period Security if such
termination occurs within ninety (90) days of the Execution Date in the case of
Section 5.6(b) below) if (a) definitive non appealable procedures with respect to the
permitting and siting of offshore wind farms (“MMS Regulations”) are not published by
the MMS by May 31, 2011, or (b) at any time within ninety (90) days of the publication
of the MMS Regulations, but no later than August 31, 2011, Seller determines in its
reasonable discretion that the MMS Regulations, in combination with the terms of the
Agreement, prevent Seller from performing its obligations under the Agreement or make
such performance Economically Unfeasible and such determination is verified and
confirmed in writing to Buyer and Seller by the Independent Evaluator within sixty
(60) days of Notice from Seller of its intent to terminate the Agreement pursuant to this
Section 5.6. In the event the MMS Regulations are not published by May 31, 2011 and
Seller does not elect to exercise its termination right described in this Section 5.6 above,
the extension periods and other accommodations related to the publication of the MMS
Regulations set out in Section 2.1 shall no longer be effective.
5.7
Termination of Agreement Upon Termination or Modification of
Production Tax Credit. Seller shall have the right to terminate the Agreement beginning
six (6) months after the publication of the MMS Regulations and ending on the earlier of
December 1, 2014 or the date Seller issues the EPC Notice to Proceed (the “PTC
Termination Date”), if during such period the tax credit for electricity produced from
wind-powered electric generation facilities described in Section 45 of the Internal
Revenue Code of 1986 as in effect on the Execution Date (the “PTC”) is materially
adversely modified with respect to the Project or has not been extended to cover the full
expected construction period of the Project (but in no event later than May 31, 2016, or
June 30, 2016 for the Post Date Certain Units). In the event of such a termination Buyer
will retain the Development Period Security as liquidated damages (such liquidated
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damages being Buyer’s sole remedy for such termination by Seller) upon such
termination.
In the event that the PTC has not been so extended or has been so modified, but Seller
elects not to terminate the Agreement (as provided in the previous paragraph), Seller,
during the period following the PTC Termination Date and ending on the earlier of the
Initial Delivery Date or May 31, 2016, or June 30, 2016 for the Post Date Certain Units,
shall have the right to either (a) terminate the Agreement if, following the PTC
Termination Date, the PTC is materially adversely modified with respect to the Project or
has not been extended to cover the full expected construction period with respect to Units
with a total nameplate capacity of greater than 40% of Project Capacity, or (b) reduce the
Project Capacity down to a minimum of 60% of Project Capacity to exclude any Units
with respect to which the PTC, subsequent to the PTC Termination Date, has been
materially adversely modified or has not been extended to cover the full expected
construction period. In consideration for any such termination or reduction in size after
the PTC Termination Date, Seller shall pay Buyer a pro rata portion of the Termination
Fee commensurate with the percentage of the Project Capacity not being installed (such
amount being Buyer’s sole remedy for such termination by Seller).
In addition, the PTC termination/exclusion right described above shall cease to be
effective with respect to any Unit that has not previously been placed in service for
federal income tax purposes if, prior to the PTC Termination Date, the PTC is extended
to cover the full expected construction period of the Project, to the extent not later
revoked or modified as described above.
ARTICLE VI
PAYMENT AND NETTING; RECORDS AND AUDIT RIGHTS
6.1
Billing and Payment.
(a)
On or before the 10th calendar day of each month of the Contract Term,
following the commencement of the Pre-Services Term Period, Buyer shall provide an
invoice to Seller, in arrears: (a) for all amounts due from Buyer to Seller under this
Agreement (unless otherwise paid pursuant to a different invoicing process as set out in
this Agreement), including, as applicable, the MFP (including details of the calculation
thereof pursuant to Section 4.2(b)), any amounts due to Seller pursuant to Sections 3.14
and 3.16, and the Regulatory Charges Payments, if any; and (b) for all amounts due from
Seller to Buyer under this Agreement (unless otherwise paid pursuant to a different
invoicing process as set out in this Agreement), including, as applicable, Delay Damages
(subject to Section 6.4) and Regulatory Charges Payments. Invoices shall include
amounts accrued under this Agreement in the preceding month, provided that to the
extent the determination of amounts due under this Agreement are based on invoices
rendered by PJM or Governmental Authorities in the preceding month, the Parties
acknowledge and agree that such amounts may relate to calendar months prior to such
month, as adjusted from time to time. With respect to the calculation of the MFP, Seller
shall provide such additional information as Buyer shall reasonably request or as the
Operating Committee shall determine.
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(b)
Charges and credits assessed or provided by PJM in connection with the
scheduling of Energy and allocated among the Parties shall be reconciled between the
Parties in accordance with PJM rules and procedures established by the Operating
Committee. Buyer costs and expenses associated with Buyer’s Scheduling Obligation
that are allocated to Seller pursuant to Section 3.5(e) or are directly associated with
Excess Products shall be invoiced by Buyer and paid by Seller pursuant to the relevant
provisions of this Article VI.
6.2
Netting and Payment. If each Party is required to pay the other an amount
in the same month pursuant to this Agreement or any of the Ancillary Agreements, then
the Party owing the greater aggregate amount will pay to the other Party the difference
between the amounts owed; provided, however, such netting requirement shall not apply
to Regulatory Charges, indemnification payments, liquidated damages and other amounts
due outside of the normal course of performance under the Agreement. Payment of all
undisputed amounts owed shall be due on the same date as the monthly PJM settlement
date, which is currently the first Business Day following the 19th calendar day of the
month (“Monthly Payment Date”). If either the invoice due date or Monthly Payment
Date is not a Business Day, then such invoice or payment shall be provided on the next
following Business Day. Each Party will make payments by electronic funds transfer, or
by other mutually agreeable method(s), to an account designated by the other Party. Any
undisputed amounts not paid by any Party by the applicable Monthly Payment Date will
be deemed delinquent and will accrue interest at the Interest Rate, such interest to be
calculated from and including the first day after the applicable Monthly Payment Date to,
but excluding, the date the delinquent amount is paid in full. Notwithstanding anything
herein to the contrary, in the event Seller fails to post adequate amounts of Collateral as
required hereunder, Buyer may withhold payments to be made to Seller pursuant to
Section 6.1 in the amount of such deficiency or terminate the Agreement pursuant to
Sections 12.1(a) and 12.2.
6.3
Disputes and Adjustments of Invoices. In the event an invoice or portion
thereof or any other claim or adjustments arising hereunder is disputed, payment of the
undisputed portion of the invoice shall be required to be made when due, with Notice of
the objection given to the other Party. Any invoice dispute or invoice adjustment shall be
in writing and shall state the basis for the dispute or adjustment. Payment of the disputed
amount shall not be required until the dispute is resolved. The Parties shall continue
performance under this Agreement during the period of such dispute, but shall not be
precluded from exercising any other remedy hereunder. The Parties agree to use good
faith efforts to resolve the dispute or identify the adjustment as soon as possible in
accordance with the provisions of Article XIII (Dispute Resolution). Upon resolution of
the dispute or calculation of the adjustment, any required payment shall be made within
fifteen (15) calendar days of such resolution along with interest accrued at the Interest
Rate from and including the due date to, but excluding, the date on which the payment is
made. Inadvertent overpayments shall be returned upon request or deducted by the Party
receiving such overpayment from subsequent invoices, with interest accrued at the
Interest Rate from and including the date of such overpayment to, but excluding, the date
repaid or deducted by the Party receiving such overpayment. Except with respect to audit
corrections as provided in Section 6.6(a), any dispute with respect to an invoice is waived
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unless the other Party is notified in accordance with this Section 6.3 within
twelve (12) months after the invoice is rendered or any specific adjustment to the invoice
is made. If an invoice is not rendered within twelve (12) months after the close of the
month during which performance giving rise to the payment obligation occurred, the
right to payment for such performance is waived.
6.4
Termination Payment and Termination Fee. In the event that an Early
Termination Date is declared pursuant to Article XII, Buyer, as calculation agent, shall
determine the amount of the Termination Payment in accordance with Section 12.2, and
either (a) if Seller is the owing Party, provide Seller an invoice within ten (10) Business
Days of the Early Termination Date, which shall be due no later than ten (10) Business
Days after receipt; or (b) if Buyer is the owing Party, pay Seller the Termination Payment
no later than twenty (20) Business Days after the Early Termination Date. In the event
that Seller owes Buyer the Termination Fee and any accrued but unpaid Delay Damages
as of the date the Termination Fee is incurred, Buyer shall include the amount of such
Delay Damages in the invoice provided under Section 6.4(b).
6.5
Records. Each Party shall keep and maintain all books and records as may
be necessary or useful in performing or verifying any calculations made pursuant to this
Agreement, or in verifying such party’s performance hereunder, including, without
limitation, operating logs, meter readings and financial records, all in accordance with
Good Utility Practice. All records shall be retained by each Party for at least three
(3) calendar years following the calendar year in which such records were created.
6.6
Audit.
(a)
Audit Rights. Each Party, through its Authorized Representatives, shall
have the right, at its sole expense, upon reasonable Notice and during normal business
hours, to examine and copy the books and records of the other Party related to the Project
or the Agreement to the extent reasonably necessary to verify the accuracy of any
statement, charge or computation made hereunder or to verify the other Party’s
performance of its obligations hereunder. Upon request, each Party shall provide to the
other Party statements evidencing the Capacity Value and Cleared Capacity Value for
any Capacity Year and the quantities of Delivered Energy and other Products delivered,
taken or otherwise provided pursuant to this Agreement. If any statement is found to be
inaccurate, a corrected statement shall be issued and any amount due thereunder will be
promptly paid and shall bear interest calculated at the Federal Funds Interest Rate plus
two percent (2%) from the date of the overpayment or underpayment to the date of
receipt of the reconciling payment. Notwithstanding the above, no adjustment shall be
made with respect to any statement or payment hereunder unless a Party questions the
accuracy of such payment or statement within two (2) years after the date of such
statement or payment.
(b)
Reports Due to Buyer.
information with respect to the Project:
Seller will provide to Buyer the following
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(i)
Upon the request of Buyer, the manufacturers’ guidelines and
recommendations for maintenance of the Project equipment;
(ii)
A report summarizing the results of maintenance performed during
each Outage, and upon request of Buyer any of the technical data obtained in
connection with such maintenance or Outage;
(iii) At all times from the earlier of the issuance of the EPC Notice to
Proceed or the Turbine Notice to Proceed until the Initial Delivery Date, at the
same time as and to the extent provided to the Senior Secured Lenders or other
financing parties, any monthly progress reports stating the percentage completion
of the Project and a summary of construction activity during the prior month;
(iv)
At all times from the earlier of the issuance of the EPC Notice to
Proceed or the Turbine Notice to Proceed until the Initial Delivery Date, at the
same time as and to the extent provided to the Senior Secured Lenders or other
financing parties, any monthly reports containing a summary of construction
activity contemplated for the next month;
(v)
For each month (or portion thereof) during the Pre-Services Term
Period and the Services Term, a calculation of: the Mechanical Availability
Percentage for such month, including the number of Base Hours and Operating
Hours during such month; and a report of the electrical output and local delivery
of electricity report including month and year-to-date values;
(vi)
For each Capacity Year during the Pre-Services Term Period or
Services Term, a calculation of the Capacity Value, following each determination
thereof by PJM, and of the Cleared Capacity Value, following each auction that
occurs in the PJM RPM Market that affects any such Capacity Year; and
(vii) Other safety, performance, financial information (including
historical wind reports for daily and monthly averages) and reports as mutually
agreed by the Parties, including notification of any material adverse events,
notices of termination, and notifications of failure to meet key milestones with
respect to the Project, Seller or the Project Contracts.
Upon reasonable prior Notice (in light of the
(c)
Access Rights.
circumstances) and subject to the safety rules and regulations of Seller, Seller will
provide Buyer and its authorized agents, employees and inspectors with reasonable
access to the Project: (i) for the purpose of reading or testing metering equipment, (ii) as
necessary to witness any performance testing associated with the Units, (iii) in
connection with the operation and maintenance of the interconnection facilities, (iv) to
provide tours of the Project to customers and other guests of Buyer (not more than twelve
(12) times per year), (v) for purposes of implementing Section 6.6, and (vi) for other
reasonable purposes at the reasonable request of Buyer. Buyer shall be responsible for all
costs and bear all risks associated with all such visits to the Project pursuant to this
Section 6.6(c), except in connection with any exercise of remedies under this Agreement.
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While at the Project and the Site, such Persons shall comply with all applicable Law and
PJM regulations and observe such reasonable safety precautions as may be required and
communicated to such representatives by Seller or Seller’s representatives and shall not
interfere unreasonably with the operation of the Project.
6.7
Payments. All amounts due under this Agreement must be sent via wire
transfer to an account and address to be specified following the date of this Agreement by
each Party in a written Notice to the other Party, as updated from time to time.
ARTICLE VII
LIMITATIONS
7.1
Limitation of Remedies, Liability and Damages. EXCEPT AS SET
FORTH HEREIN, THERE IS NO WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE FOR ANY PRODUCT, AND ANY AND
ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES ARE DISCLAIMED. THE PARTIES CONFIRM
THAT THE EXPRESS REMEDIES AND MEASURES OF LIQUIDATED DAMAGES
PROVIDED IN THIS AGREEMENT SATISFY THE ESSENTIAL PURPOSES
HEREOF. FOR BREACH OF ANY PROVISION FOR WHICH AN EXPRESS
REMEDY OR MEASURE OF LIQUIDATED DAMAGES IS PROVIDED
(INCLUDING UNDER SECTIONS 5.2(C), 5.2(E), 5.4(A), 5.4(B), 5.4(D), 5.6, 5.7 AND
12.2) SUCH EXPRESS REMEDY OR MEASURE OF LIQUIDATED DAMAGES
SHALL BE THE SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY THEREFOR, THE OBLIGOR’S
LIABILITY SHALL BE LIMITED AS SET FORTH IN SUCH PROVISION AND ALL
OTHER REMEDIES OR DAMAGES AT LAW OR IN EQUITY WITH RESPECT TO
SUCH BREACH ARE WAIVED EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT EXPRESSLY SET
FORTH HEREIN. IF NO REMEDY OR MEASURE OF LIQUIDATED DAMAGES IS
EXPRESSLY PROVIDED HEREIN, THE OBLIGOR’S LIABILITY SHALL BE
LIMITED TO DIRECT ACTUAL DAMAGES ONLY, SUCH DIRECT ACTUAL
DAMAGES SHALL BE THE SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY AND ALL OTHER
REMEDIES OR DAMAGES AT LAW OR IN EQUITY ARE WAIVED. UNLESS
EXPRESSLY HEREIN PROVIDED, NEITHER PARTY SHALL BE LIABLE FOR
CONSEQUENTIAL, INCIDENTAL, PUNITIVE, EXEMPLARY OR INDIRECT
DAMAGES, LOST PROFITS OR OTHER BUSINESS INTERRUPTION DAMAGES,
BY STATUTE, IN TORT OR CONTRACT, UNDER ANY INDEMNITY PROVISION
OR OTHERWISE, PROVIDED THAT THE FOREGOING EXCLUSION SHALL NOT
PRECLUDE RECOVERY BY A PARTY OF THE TERMINATION PAYMENT, THE
TERMINATION FEE, DELAY DAMAGES, OR ANY LIQUIDATED DAMAGES
EXPRESSLY HEREIN PROVIDED, NOR SHALL IT BE CONSTRUED TO LIMIT
RECOVERY BY AN INDEMNITEE UNDER ANY INDEMNITY PROVISION IN
RESPECT OF A THIRD PARTY CLAIM.
UNLESS EXPRESSLY HEREIN
PROVIDED, AND SUBJECT TO THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION 11.1
(INDEMNITIES), IT IS THE INTENT OF THE PARTIES THAT THE LIMITATIONS
HEREIN IMPOSED ON REMEDIES AND THE MEASURE OF DAMAGES BE
WITHOUT REGARD TO THE CAUSE OR CAUSES RELATED THERETO,
INCLUDING THE NEGLIGENCE OF ANY PARTY, WHETHER SUCH
NEGLIGENCE BE SOLE, JOINT OR CONCURRENT, OR ACTIVE OR PASSIVE.
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TO THE EXTENT ANY DAMAGES REQUIRED TO BE PAID HEREUNDER ARE
LIQUIDATED, INCLUDING FORFEITURES OF DEPOSITS, THE PARTIES
ACKNOWLEDGE THAT THE DAMAGES ARE DIFFICULT OR IMPOSSIBLE TO
DETERMINE, OR OTHERWISE OBTAINING AN ADEQUATE REMEDY IS
INCONVENIENT AND THE LIQUIDATED DAMAGES CALCULATED
HEREUNDER CONSTITUTE A REASONABLE APPROXIMATION OF THE FULL
HARM OR LOSS.
ARTICLE VIII
CREDIT AND COLLATERAL REQUIREMENTS
8.1
Timing and Use of Collateral.
(a)
Development Period Security. On or before August 1, 2008, Seller shall
be required to establish collateral in favor of Buyer by providing Buyer with a Letter of
Credit from a Qualified Issuer to secure Seller’s obligations under this Agreement in the
period between the Execution Date and the Initial Delivery Date (the “Development
Period Security”). The Development Period Security to be provided pursuant to the first
sentence of this Section 8.1(a) shall be in an amount equal to three million dollars
($3,000,000) and shall be maintained in full force and effect by Seller until its expiry
pursuant to the terms hereof (subject to Section 2.3). By not later than fifteen (15) days
after the Effective Date, the amount of the Development Period Security shall be
increased to an amount equal to six million dollars ($6,000,000) and shall be maintained
in full force and effect by Seller until its expiry pursuant to the terms hereof. In the event
Buyer draws on the Development Period Security to pay Delay Damages, Seller shall
promptly, and in all events within three (3) Business Days, replenish the amount of the
Development Period Security by the amount drawn; provided, however, Seller shall not
be required to replenish the Development Period Security in excess of the total amount of
the Maximum Delay Damages. Buyer shall have the right to terminate the Agreement
and retain the initial installment of the Development Period Security as liquidated
damages if Seller fails to provide the increased amount of Development Period Security
within fifteen (15) days after the Effective Date as set forth in this Section 8.1(a), and
such failure shall be considered an Event of Default of Seller.
(b)
Collateral After Commencement of Pre-Services Term Period. As a
condition to the commencement of the Pre-Services Term Period and the Commercial
Operation Date of each subsequent Unit Group after the commencement of the PreServices Term Period and during the Pre-Services Term Period, Seller shall provide
Buyer with a Letter of Credit from a Qualified Issuer to be effective no later than the
commencement of the Pre-Services Term Period, in an amount equal to (i) the Services
Term Security, multiplied by (ii) a fraction, the numerator of which is the Capacity of the
Unit Groups that have already achieved (or will achieve, upon delivery of such Letter of
Credit) a Commercial Operation Date and the denominator of which is the Project
Capacity (the “Pre-Services Term Period Security”). The Pre-Services Term Period
Security shall be maintained (or increased to the extent additional Unit Group
Commercial Operation Dates shall occur) throughout the Pre-Services Term Period in
full force and effect by Seller, and shall be in addition to, and not in replacement of, the
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Development Period Security. In the event Buyer draws on the Pre-Services Term Period
Security to pay or satisfy any obligation of Seller hereunder, Seller shall promptly, and in
all events within five (5) Business Days, replenish the amount of the Pre-Services Term
Period Security by the amount drawn.
(c)
Collateral After Initial Delivery Date. From and after the Initial Delivery
Date, Seller shall provide Buyer with a Letter of Credit from a Qualified Issuer to be
effective no later than the Initial Delivery Date in an amount equal to twelve million
dollars ($12,000,000) (the “Services Term Security”). Upon delivery to Buyer of a Letter
of Credit satisfying the Services Term Security, Buyer shall promptly return the
Development Period Security and the Pre-Services Term Period Security to Seller (after
satisfaction of any amounts then due with respect to the Development Period Security or
Pre-Services Term Period Security under the Agreement). In the event Buyer draws on
the Services Term Security to pay or satisfy any obligation of Seller hereunder, Seller
shall promptly, and in all events within five (5) Business Days, replenish the amount of
the Services Term Security by the amount drawn.
(d)
Maintenance of Collateral During Services Term. Seller shall maintain in
full force the Collateral set forth in Section 8.1(c) through such date as of which all
payment obligations to Buyer arising under this Agreement, including any compensation
for the Products, Delay Damages, a Termination Fee, a Termination Payment,
indemnification payments or other damages, are paid in full (whether directly or
indirectly such as through set-off or netting). Buyer shall arrange for the return of the
unused portion of such Collateral promptly after each of the following have occurred:
(1) the Services Term has ended, an Early Termination Date has occurred or any other
termination event in compliance with this Agreement shall have occurred, as applicable;
and (2) all payment obligations of the Seller arising under this Agreement, including any
compensation for the Products, Delay Damages, a Termination Fee, a Termination
Payment, indemnification payments or other damages, are paid in full (whether directly
or indirectly such as through set-off or netting). Any such Collateral described in this
Section 8.1 shall not be deemed a limitation of damages.
(e)
Use of Security. Unless otherwise indicated in this Agreement, including
Section 12.2, Buyer shall be entitled to draw upon the Collateral posted by Seller for any
obligation of Seller arising under this Agreement that is not paid when due, whether or
not an Early Termination Date or other termination of this Agreement in compliance with
the terms hereof has been declared. Notwithstanding the foregoing, amounts contained in
the Delay Damages Account shall only be drawn upon by Buyer pursuant to
Section 5.4(a).
8.2
Letter of Credit and Other Collateral.
(a)
If Seller has provided a Letter of Credit pursuant to any of the applicable
provisions in this Article VIII or elsewhere in the Agreement, then not later than
thirty (30) days prior to the stated expiration date of the Letter of Credit, the Seller shall
renew (or cause the renewal of) each outstanding Letter of Credit, or replace (or cause the
replacement of) each such Letter of Credit with one or more replacement Letters of
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Credit from a Qualified Issuer in the amount required by this Agreement at the time of
such renewal or replacement. In the event (A) the issuer of a Letter of Credit shall fail to
meet the requirements of a Qualified Issuer; or (B) the issuer of an outstanding Letter of
Credit indicates its intent not to renew such Letter of Credit; or (C) an issuer of a Letter
of Credit shall fail to honor the beneficiary’s properly documented request to draw on an
outstanding Letter of Credit, then, within five (5) Business Days thereafter, Seller shall
provide a substitute Letter of Credit from a Qualified Issuer other than the bank that has
been downgraded, refused to renew or failed to honor the outstanding Letter of Credit
(“Cure”). If Buyer does not receive a replacement Letter of Credit from a Qualified
Issuer within the time specified in either of the two preceding sentences, it may draw on
the full available amount of the Letter of Credit. Amounts drawn in such circumstances
shall be held directly by the Buyer bearing interest each day at the rate per annum equal
to the Monthly Federal Funds Rate as reported in Federal Reserve Bank Publication
H.15-519 or its successor publication (as set on a monthly basis based on the latest month
for which such rate is available) on any unapplied balance held by Buyer as described
herein. Amounts drawn shall be available to be applied by Buyer for the reasons set forth
in Section 8.1(e) under the conditions set forth in the Letter of Credit. If Seller fails to
Cure or if such Letter of Credit expires or terminates without a full draw thereon by
Buyer, or such Letter of Credit fails or ceases to be in full force and effect at any time
that such Letter of Credit is required pursuant to the terms of this Agreement, such
failure, expiration or termination shall be considered a Seller’s Event of Default.
(b)
In all cases, the costs and expenses of establishing, renewing, substituting,
canceling, increasing, reducing or otherwise administering a Letter of Credit or other
form of Collateral shall be borne by Seller. If Buyer has not otherwise terminated this
Agreement in accordance with the terms hereof and draws on a Letter of Credit due to a
failure by Seller to satisfy a payment obligation under the Agreement, Buyer shall not
terminate the Agreement or declare an Event of Default hereunder solely on the basis of
such payment default if (i) the proceeds from the draw satisfies in full the payment
obligation, and (ii) Seller fully replenishes (to the extent such replenishment is required
pursuant to the terms of this Agreement or Seller otherwise chooses to make such
replenishment) such Letter of Credit to Buyer’s reasonable satisfaction within five
(5) Business Days subject to the limitations of Section 8.1(a) and (c).
8.3
Buyer’s Lien.
(a)
In addition to any other Collateral required to be provided by Seller
hereunder, to secure its obligations under this Agreement, Seller shall grant to Buyer a
present and continuing perfected Lien on and security interest in all of Seller’s right, title
and interest in and to Buyer’s Percentage of the Project, the Project Contracts and all of
Seller’s other assets (other than Excess Products) (the “Buyer’s Lien”), which Buyer’s
Lien shall be subordinate only to the Project Financing Lien(s) and other Project
Permitted Liens that are superior to the Project Financing Lien(s) as a matter of law and
which Buyer’s Lien shall be pari passu with any and all other Liens granted to any
purchaser of Energy, Contract Capacity, Environmental Attributes or Ancillary Services
from the Project (and Buyer shall enter into an intercreditor agreement with such other
purchasers in a form customary for transactions of this type); provided however, that
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Seller shall not be deemed to be in default under this Agreement if Project Permitted
Liens other than the Project Financing Lien are in existence. The amounts secured and
given priority by the Project Financing Lien(s) shall not exceed seventy percent (70%) of
the total cost of the Project (as reasonably documented to Buyer). Notwithstanding the
foregoing, amounts secured by the Project Financing Lien(s) may be for amounts up to
eighty percent (80%) of the total cost of the Project (as reasonably documented to Buyer)
if the entire eighty percent (80%) is granted to the Senior Secured Lenders and eighty
percent (80%) of the total cost of the Project is being financed by such Senior Secured
Lenders.
(b)
Prior to the Effective Date, Seller and/or Buyer, as the case may be, shall
execute and record, as appropriate, separate agreements, documents, or instruments under
which Seller will provide Buyer, in a form reasonably acceptable to Buyer, a fully
perfected security interest(s) and a mortgage lien of the priority required hereunder for
the Buyer’s Lien, subordinated only to the extent expressly contemplated in
Section 8.3(a) (collectively the “Project Security Agreements”). The Buyer’s Lien shall
secure Seller’s continuing performance under this Agreement and any amounts that may
be owed by Seller to Buyer pursuant to this Agreement. For the avoidance of doubt, the
Buyer’s Lien shall not include the pledge, assignment, or other interest in any stock or
ownership interest in Seller or any Affiliate of Seller. Seller and Buyer agree to
cooperate and diligently negotiate in good faith to establish the form of the Project
Security Agreements, which agreements shall be in form and substance reasonably
satisfactory to the Senior Secured Lenders, Seller and the Buyer, consistent with the
terms set forth in Section 8.3(a) above. The Parties shall confirm, define, and perfect the
Buyer’s Lien by executing, filing, and recording the Project Security Agreements. In
addition, Seller agrees to execute and file such Uniform Commercial Code financing
statements and to take such further action and execute such further instruments as shall
reasonably be required by Buyer or otherwise to confirm and continue the validity,
priority, and perfection of the Project Security Agreements and the Buyer’s Lien prior to
the Effective Date and throughout the Contract Term. The Buyer’s Lien shall be
automatically discharged and released, and Buyer shall promptly take any steps
reasonably required by Seller or the Senior Secured Lenders to effect and record such
discharge and release, upon the expiration of the Contract Term and satisfaction by Seller
of all obligations hereunder. Buyer agrees to enter into a subordination agreement with
the Senior Secured Lenders in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to Buyer and
the Senior Secured Lenders, evidencing the status of the Buyer’s Lien vis-à-vis the
Project Financing Liens and incorporating such terms and conditions as are usual and
customary for a non-recourse project financing of this type but in conformity with the
subordination limitations set forth in Section 8.3(a); provided, however, in no event shall
Buyer be obligated to enter into any terms that are materially inconsistent with the
principles regarding Buyer’s Lien set forth in this Section 8.3. Notwithstanding anything
to the contrary set forth herein, Buyer shall at all times have a first priority security
interest in the Pre-Services Term Period Security, the Development Period Security, the
Services Term Security and the Delay Damages Account. Notwithstanding the Buyer’s
Lien, on Seller’s request Buyer agrees to negotiate in good faith the creation of a paripassu Lien on the Shared Facilities in favor of any Person to whom the Seller or an
Affiliate of Seller has provided a Lien on a wind power project adjacent to the Project to
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the extent and only to the extent needed for the financing of such Project; provided,
however, that the creation of any such Lien on Shared Facilities shall under no
circumstances materially adversely affect the ability of the Project to perform its
obligations under the Agreement or the Buyer Lien (other than with respect to the Shared
Facilities). Buyer will negotiate on Seller’s request in good faith with such Lien holder to
enter into an intercreditor agreement with respect to Shared Facilities, in form and
substance reasonably satisfactory to Buyer, including terms and conditions which are
usual and customary in transactions of this type; provided however that such intercreditor
agreement shall not impair Buyer’s rights to use the Shared Facilities in exercising its
rights under the Agreement.
ARTICLE IX
GOVERNMENTAL CHARGES
9.1
Cooperation. Each Party shall use reasonable efforts to implement the
provisions of and to administer this Agreement in accordance with the intent of the
Parties to minimize all Taxes, so long as neither Party is materially adversely affected by
such efforts.
9.2
Regulatory Charges. Seller shall pay or cause to be paid all Taxes,
Governmental Charges, fees and other charges imposed by any Governmental Authority
(“Regulatory Charges”) on or with respect to the Products arising before and at the
Delivery Point, including ad valorem taxes, Taxes related to the operation or maintenance
of the Project, the use or consumption of gas or other fuels, and other Taxes attributable
to the Project, land, land and Site rights or interests in land and the Site for the Project.
Buyer shall pay or cause to be paid all Regulatory Charges on or with respect to the
Products purchased by Buyer hereunder, after receipt thereof from the Delivery Point
(other than ad valorem, franchise or income taxes which are related to the sale of the
Products and are, therefore, the responsibility of the Seller, but excluding any sales taxes,
which shall be solely the responsibility of Buyer). In the event a Party is required by Law
or regulation to remit or pay Regulatory Charges which are the other Party’s
responsibility hereunder, the Party that is assessed shall provided Notice to the Party that
is responsible for such amounts due (together with supporting documentation), the
assessed Party shall promptly pay such Regulatory Charges when due and invoice the
responsible Party in accordance with Article VI, and the responsible Party shall
reimburse the assessed Party in full in accordance with Article VI no later than the next
Monthly Payment Date, with interest at the Interest Rate from and including the date on
which the assessed Party pays the Regulatory Charges until (but excluding) the date on
which the responsible Party reimburses the assessed Party (cumulatively, the “Regulatory
Charges Payment”). Nothing shall obligate or cause a Party to pay or be liable to pay any
Regulatory Charges from which it is exempt under the Law; provided that an exempt
Party shall bear the responsibility of proving upon request its exemption as necessary to
avoid the unjust imposition of a Regulatory Charge on the other Party.
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ARTICLE X
REPRESENTATION AND WARRANTIES
10.1
Representations and Warranties.
(a)
Representations and Warranties of Both Parties. Each Party represents
and warrants to the other Party that as of the Execution Date:
(i)
it is duly organized, validly existing and in good standing under the
Laws of the jurisdiction of its formation and is qualified to transact business in the
State of Delaware and in each other jurisdiction in which its operations or the
ownership of its properties require it to be qualified, except where the failure to so
qualify would not have a material adverse effect on its ability to carry out the
terms of the Agreement, its financial condition, or its ability to own its properties
and transact its business;
(ii)
except for the Permits necessary to construct, operate and maintain
the Project in the case of the Seller, and Regulatory Approval in the case of
Buyer, it has all Permits necessary for it to perform its obligations under this
Agreement;
(iii) the execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement is
within its powers, has been duly authorized by all necessary action and does not
violate any of the terms and conditions in its governing documents, any contracts
to which it is a party or any Law, rule, regulation, order or the like applicable to it,
and it has full power and authority to carry on its business as now conducted and
to enter into, and, in the case of Buyer, subject to receipt of Regulatory Approval,
carry out its obligations under this Agreement;
(iv)
execution and delivery of this Agreement and performance or
compliance with any provision hereof will not result in the creation or imposition
of any Lien upon its properties (except as expressly contemplated in favor of
Buyer pursuant to this Agreement and the Project Security Agreements), or a
breach of, or constitute a default under, or give to any other Persons any rights of
termination, amendment, acceleration or cancellation of, such Party’s articles of
incorporation and bylaws (or equivalent) or any agreement to which it is a party
or by which any of its respective properties is bound or affected;
(v)
this Agreement has been duly and validly executed and delivered
and constitutes its legally valid and binding obligation enforceable against it in
accordance with its terms, subject to any Equitable Defenses;
(vi)
it is not bankrupt and there are no proceedings pending or being
contemplated by it or, to its knowledge, threatened against it which would result
in it being or becoming bankrupt;
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(vii) there is not pending or, to its knowledge, threatened against it or
any of its Affiliates any legal proceedings that could materially adversely affect
its ability to perform its obligations under this Agreement; and
(viii) no Event of Default with respect to it has occurred and is
continuing and no such event or circumstance would occur as a result of its
entering into or performing its obligations under this Agreement.
(b)
Covenants of Seller. Seller covenants to Buyer that throughout the PreServices Term Period and the Services Term:
(i)
Seller shall have good and marketable title to all Delivered Energy
and Contract Capacity Amounts and other Products delivered to Buyer hereunder,
and it will deliver the Delivered Energy, Contract Capacity Amounts, and other
Products to Buyer free and clear of all Liens, security interests, claims and
encumbrances on any interest therein or thereto by any Person;
(ii)
Except as permitted under Sections 8.3 and 14.5(a), the Collateral
shall be free and clear of all Liens, security interests, claims and encumbrances
other than Project Permitted Liens;
(iii) It shall hold the rights to all Environmental Attributes from the
Units and the Project that Seller is required to deliver hereunder and shall transfer
such rights to Buyer free and clear of all Liens, security interests, claims and
encumbrances on any interest therein or thereto by any Person;
(iv)
It shall (A) take all actions to transfer to Buyer the Contract
Capacity Amount for each Capacity Year as required hereunder, and (B) take no
action or permit any Person (other than Buyer) to take any action that would
impair in any way Buyer’s ability to rely on the Units or the Products delivered
hereunder (including delivery to Buyer of Buyer’s Percentage of the Contract
Capacity for each Capacity Year) in order to satisfy Buyer’s Resource Adequacy
Requirements (to the extent applicable pursuant to Section 3.14);
(v)
It shall have ownership of, or a demonstrable right to control
(sufficient for Seller to perform its obligations under the Agreement), the Project
Site, and have all Permits necessary for it to perform its obligations under the
Agreement, including all Permits necessary to install, operate and maintain the
Project;
(vi)
It is a PJM Member and the Project and each of the Units (i) shall
be a Capacity Resource of PJM, and (ii) shall qualify and be certified by the
Commission as an Eligible Energy Resource (as defined in the Commission RPS
Rules and RPS Act), and all Energy produced by the Project to be delivered to
Buyer hereunder shall qualify as generation from an Eligible Energy Resource
under the RPS Act and the Commission RPS Rules;
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(vii) All interconnection, transmission and other agreements necessary
for Seller to perform its obligations hereunder (including the Interconnection
Agreements) shall be in full force and effect; and
(viii) Seller shall at all times (a) install, operate, maintain and repair the
Project in accordance with Good Utility Practices and to ensure Seller is capable
of meeting its obligations under this Agreement over the Services Term,
(b) maintain records of all operations of the Project and performance under this
Agreement in accordance with Good Utility Practices and (c) follow such
regulations, directions and procedures of the Buyer, any applicable Participating
Transmission Owner, PJM and any other applicable Governmental Authority to
protect and prevent the transmission system from experiencing any negative
impacts resulting from the operation of the Project or Seller’s performance
hereunder.
ARTICLE XI
INDEMNIFICATION AND INSURANCE
11.1
Indemnities.
(a)
Indemnity by Seller. Seller shall release, defend, indemnify and hold
harmless Buyer, its directors, officers, agents, attorneys, representatives and Affiliates
(“Buyer Group”) against and from any and all damages, claims, losses, liabilities,
obligations, costs and expenses, including reasonable legal, accounting and other
expenses, and the costs and expenses of any and all actions, suits, proceedings, demands,
assessments, judgments, settlements and compromises, which arise out of or relate to or
are in any way connected with (i) the Product(s) delivered to Buyer prior to and at the
Delivery Point; (ii) any other Energy or Product produced by the Project and not required
to be delivered to Buyer hereunder; (iii) Seller’s participation in the PJM RPM Market
and compliance with PJM Capacity Rules; (iv) the Project and Seller’s operation and/or
maintenance of the Project; (v) Seller’s actions or inactions, including breach and
violation, with respect to this Agreement, the Ancillary Agreements or other agreements
related to the development, construction, ownership, operation or maintenance of the
Project; (vi) any environmental matters associated with the Project or the delivery to
Buyer of the Products hereunder, including the use, disposal or transportation of
Hazardous Substances by or on behalf of the Seller or at the Seller’s direction or
agreement, and the protection, maintenance and restoration of the Site; or (vii) resulting
from Seller’s negligence, misconduct, or violation of any applicable Law, or
requirements of PJM, the Commission, NERC, ReliabilityFirst Corporation, FERC or
other Governmental Authorities; in each case including any loss, claim, action or suit, for
or on account of injury, bodily or otherwise, to, or death of, persons, or for damage to or
destruction of property belonging to Buyer, Seller or others, excepting only such
damages, claims, losses, liabilities, obligations, suits, proceedings, demands or
assessments, as may be caused solely by the fault, willful misconduct or negligence of a
member of the Buyer Group. Without limiting Buyer’s rights to collect liquidated
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damages as set forth in this Agreement, Seller shall not be liable for any loss of profit or
revenues, loss of product, loss of use of products or services or any associated equipment,
interruption of business, cost of capital, downtime costs, increased operating costs, claims
of ratepayers for such damages, or for any special, consequential, incidental, indirect,
punitive or exemplary damages of Buyer; it being understood such limitation does not
apply to Third Party Claims.
(b)
Indemnity by Buyer. Buyer shall release, indemnify and hold harmless
Seller, its directors, officers, agents, attorneys, representatives and Affiliates
(“Seller Group”) against and from any and all damages, claims, losses, liabilities,
obligations, costs and expenses, including reasonable legal, accounting and other
expenses, and the costs and expenses of any and all actions, suits, proceedings, demands,
assessments, judgments, settlements and compromises, which arise out of or relate to or
are in any way connected with (i) the Products delivered in accordance with the terms
hereof, after the Delivery Point, (ii) Buyer’s actions or inactions, including breach and
violation, with respect to this Agreement or the Ancillary Agreements, or (iii) resulting
from Buyer’s negligence, misconduct, or violation of any applicable Law, or
requirements of PJM, the Commission, NERC, ReliabilityFirst Corporation, FERC or
other Governmental Authorities; in each case including any loss, claim, action or suit, for
or on account of injury, bodily or otherwise, to, or death of, persons, or for damage to or
destruction of property belonging to Buyer, Seller, or others, excepting only such
damages, claims, losses, liabilities, obligations, suits, proceedings, demands or
assessments, as may be caused solely by the fault, willful misconduct or negligence of a
member of the Seller Group. Without limiting Seller’s rights to collect liquidated damages
as set forth in this Agreement, Buyer shall not be liable for any loss of profit or revenues,
loss of product, loss of use of products or services or any associated equipment,
interruption of business, cost of capital, downtime costs, increased operating costs, claims
of ratepayers for such damages, or for any special, consequential, incidental, indirect,
punitive or exemplary damages of Seller; it being understood that such limitation does not
apply to Third Party Claims.
(c)
Notice of Claim.
(i)
Notice of Claim. Subject to the terms of this Agreement and upon
obtaining knowledge of a claim for which it is entitled to indemnity under this
Section 11.1, the Party seeking indemnification hereunder (the “Indemnitee”) will
promptly notify the Party against whom indemnification is sought (the
“Indemnitor”) in writing of any damage, claim, loss, liability or expense which
the Indemnitee has determined has given or could give rise to a claim under
Section 11.1(a) or (b) (the written Notice is referred to as a “Notice of Claim”).
A Notice of Claim will specify, in reasonable detail, the facts known to the
Indemnitee regarding the claim.
(ii)
Notice of Third Party Claim. If an Indemnitee receives Notice of
the assertion or commencement of a Third Party Claim against it with respect to
which an Indemnitor is obligated to provide indemnification under this
Agreement, such Indemnitee will give such Indemnitor a Notice of Claim as
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promptly as practicable, but in any event not later than seven (7) calendar days
after such Indemnitee’s receipt of Notice of such Third Party Claim. Such Notice
of Claim will describe the Third Party Claim in reasonable detail, will include
copies of all material written evidence thereof and will indicate, if reasonably
practicable the estimated amount of the Indemnifiable Loss that has been or may
be sustained by the Indemnitee. The Indemnitor will have the right to participate
in, or, by giving written Notice to the Indemnitee, to assume the defense of any
Third Party Claim at such Indemnitor’s own expense and by such Indemnitor’s
own counsel (as is reasonably satisfactory to the Indemnitee), and the Indemnitee
will cooperate in good faith in such defense.
(iii) Direct Claim. Any Direct Claim must be asserted by giving the
Indemnitor written Notice thereof, stating the nature of such claim in reasonable
detail and indicating the estimated amount, if practicable. The Indemnitor will
have a period of sixty (60) calendar days from receipt of such Notice within
which to respond to such Direct Claim. If the Indemnitor does not respond within
such sixty (60) day period, the Indemnitor will be deemed to have accepted such
Direct Claim. If the Indemnitor rejects such Direct Claim, the Indemnitee will be
free to seek enforcement of its rights to indemnification under this Agreement.
(iv)
Failure to Provide Notice. A failure to give timely Notice or to
include any specified information in any Notice as provided in this
Section 11.1(c) will not affect the rights or obligations of any Party hereunder
except and only to the extent that, as a result of such failure, any Party which was
entitled to receive such Notice was deprived of its right to recover any payment
under its applicable insurance coverage or was otherwise materially damaged as a
direct result of such failure and, provided further, the Indemnitor is not obligated
to indemnify the Indemnitee for the increased amount of any claim which would
otherwise have been payable to the extent that the increase resulted from the
failure to deliver timely a Notice of Claim.
(d)
Defense of Third Party Claims. If, within ten (10) calendar days after
giving a Notice of Claim regarding a Third Party Claim to an Indemnitor pursuant to
Section 11.1(c)(ii), an Indemnitee receives written Notice from such Indemnitor that the
Indemnitor has elected to assume the defense of such Third Party Claim as provided in
the last sentence of Section 11.1(c)(ii), the Indemnitor will not be liable for any legal
expenses subsequently incurred by the Indemnitee in connection with the defense thereof;
provided, however, that if the Indemnitor fails to take reasonable steps necessary to
defend diligently such Third Party Claim within ten (10) calendar days after receiving
written Notice from the Indemnitee that the Indemnitee believes the Indemnitor has failed
to take such steps, or if the Indemnitor has not undertaken fully to indemnify the
Indemnitee in respect of all Indemnifiable Losses relating to the matter, the Indemnitee
may assume its own defense, and the Indemnitor will be liable for all reasonable costs or
expenses, including attorneys’ fees, paid or incurred in connection therewith. Without
the prior written consent of the Indemnitee, the Indemnitor will not enter into any
settlement of any Third Party Claim which would lead to liability or create any financial
or other obligation on the part of the Indemnitee for which the Indemnitee is not entitled
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to indemnification hereunder; provided, however, that the Indemnitor may accept any
settlement without the consent of the Indemnitee if such settlement provides a full release
to the Indemnitee and no requirement that the Indemnitee acknowledge fault or
culpability. If a firm offer is made to settle a Third Party Claim without leading to
liability or the creation of a financial or other obligation on the part of the Indemnitee for
which the Indemnitee is not entitled to indemnification hereunder and the Indemnitor
desires to accept and agrees to such offer, the Indemnitor will give written Notice to the
Indemnitee to that effect. If the Indemnitee fails to consent to such firm offer within ten
calendar days after its receipt of such Notice, the Indemnitee may continue to contest or
defend such Third Party Claim and, in such event, the maximum liability of the
Indemnitor to such Third Party Claim will be the amount of such settlement offer, plus
reasonable costs and expenses paid or incurred by the Indemnitee up to the date of such
Notice.
(e)
Subrogation of Rights. Upon making any indemnity payment, the
Indemnitor will, to the extent of such indemnity payment, be subrogated to all rights of
the Indemnitee against any Third Party in respect of the Indemnifiable Loss to which the
indemnity payment relates; provided that (i) the Indemnitor is in compliance with its
obligations under this Agreement in respect of such Indemnifiable Loss, and (ii) until the
Indemnitee recovers full payment of its Indemnifiable Loss, any and all claims of the
Indemnitor against any such Third Party on account of said indemnity payment are
hereby made expressly subordinated and subjected in right of payment to the
Indemnitee’s rights against such Third Party. Without limiting the generality or effect of
any other provision hereof, each such Indemnitee and Indemnitor shall execute upon
request all instruments reasonably necessary to evidence and perfect the above-described
subrogation and subordination rights.
(f)
Rights and Remedies Are Cumulative. The rights and remedies of a Party
pursuant to this Section 11.1 shall be cumulative and in addition to the rights of the
Parties otherwise provided in this Agreement.
11.2 Insurance. Commencing on the Effective Date Seller shall, at its sole cost
and expense, procure and maintain, or cause to be procured and maintained, the following
insurance coverages with an insurance company or companies rated not lower than “A-”
by A.M. Best Company and be responsible for its subcontractors maintaining sufficient
limits of the appropriate insurance coverage consistent with Good Utility Practices.
Additionally, during the period between the Effective Date and Financial Closing (as
described on Schedule 1) for construction of the Project Seller shall maintain at a
minimum the insurance provisions set forth below in (a)-(f).
(a)
Workers’ Compensation and Employers’ Liability.
(i)
Workers’ Compensation and basic employer’s liability insurance
for all employees in accordance with applicable state and federal labor codes,
acts, Laws or statutes.
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(ii)
Employers’ Liability insurance with limits of at least $1,000,000
for injury or death occurring as a result of each accident.
(b)
Commercial General Liability.
(i)
Comprehensive or commercial general liability insurance written
on an occurrence basis with a combined single limit of at least $1,000,000 per
occurrence, including premises/operations, broad form property damage liability,
explosion and collapse hazard coverage, blanket contractual liability
encompassing the indemnity provisions of this Agreement, independent
contractors, products and completed operations, personal injury, and sudden and
accidental seepage and pollution liability (and, if such insurance is obtained as
part of Seller’s general insurance policy for all its projects and assets, such policy,
or policies, shall be written on a project-specific basis so that the limits set forth
apply solely to the ownership, construction, use, operation and maintenance of
Seller’s interest in the Project, the Units and the Electrical Interconnection
Facilities). If coverage includes an aggregate limit, that limit should be at least
$10,000,000.
(c)
Business Auto.
(i)
Comprehensive Automobile Liability insurance with bodily injury,
death and property damage combined single limits of at least $1,000,000 per
occurrence covering vehicles owned, hired or non-owned.
(d)
Excess Umbrella Liability Insurance.
(i)
Excess Umbrella Liability Insurance with a single limit of at least
$15,000,000 per occurrence and in the aggregate, in excess of the limits of
insurance provided above.
(e)
Marine Charterer’s Liability.
(i)
Marine Charterer’s liability for all watercraft Seller charters or
operates in performance of the Agreement, in an aggregate amount no less than
$10,000,000.
(f)
Additional Insurance Provisions.
(i)
Such insurance shall include (1) provisions or endorsements
naming Buyer, its Affiliates, directors, officers and employees as additional
insureds; (2) provisions that such insurance is primary insurance with respect to
the interest of Buyer and such additional insureds and that any insurance
maintained by Buyer is excess and not contributory insurance with the insurance
required hereunder; (3) a cross-liability or severability of insurance interest
clause; (4) provisions that such policies shall not be canceled or their limits of
liability reduced without thirty (30) days’ prior written Notice to Buyer; and
(5) provisions by which the insurer waives all rights of subrogation against Buyer
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and the additional insureds listed above. Seller shall provide Buyer with
certificates of insurance upon written request evidencing the policies, provisions
and endorsements listed above within ten (10) days after they have been obtained.
In addition, upon written request, Seller shall provide Buyer with copies of the
insurance policies evidenced by such certificates. The insurance coverage
described above in this section shall be primary and not excess or contributing
with respect to any other coverage available to Seller or to its Affiliates and shall
not be deemed to limit Seller’s liability under this Agreement.
(ii)
Reviews of such insurance may be conducted by Buyer on an
annual basis.
(iii) Upon written request, Seller shall furnish Buyer evidence of
insurance for its subcontractors.
(iv)
The insurance carrier or carriers and form of policy shall be subject
to the reasonable approval by Buyer.
(g)
To the extent that the levels or types of insurance listed above differ from
the levels or types set forth in the Senior Loan Documents, the insurance requirements
shall be adjusted to be consistent with the levels and types set forth in the Senior Loan
Documents, provided however, that if the Senior Loan Documents are no longer in effect
the coverage and types in place at that point shall continue (except if such insurance is
unavailable on a commercially reasonable basis).
ARTICLE XII
EVENTS OF DEFAULT; REMEDIES
12.1
Events of Default.
(a)
The Seller will be deemed a “Defaulting Party” upon the occurrence of
any of the following, provided that such occurrence was not caused by the action or
inaction of the Buyer in contravention of the Agreement (each a “Seller’s Event of
Default”):
(i)
Failure to deliver to Buyer at the Delivery Point any Delivered
Energy produced by the Project (other than Excess Products) as required under
the Agreement and/or intentional delivery of any such Delivered Energy to any
third party if not expressly permitted under the Agreement.
(ii)
Failure of the Project to qualify as a Capacity Resource as required
under this Agreement, or failure by Seller to transfer, or be able to transfer, the
Contract Capacity Amount for any Capacity Year as required under this
Agreement and/or intentional transfer of such Contract Capacity Amount to any
third party if not expressly permitted under this Agreement, and any failure by
Seller to take such actions under the PJM Capacity Rules, including as shall be
required to transfer such Contract Capacity Amounts to Buyer as required
hereunder.
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(iii) Any material asset of Seller is taken upon execution or by other
process of Law or if taken upon or subject to any attachment by any creditor of or
claimant against Seller and the attachment is not disposed of within
sixty (60) days after its levy.
(iv)
Upon the occurrence of any material misrepresentation or omission
in any metering (or submetering) or any report or Notice of the Project’s or a
Unit’s availability and capability or Outage required to be made or delivered by
Seller to Buyer, or undue delay or withholding of such data, report or Notice of
the Project’s or a Unit’s availability and capability or Outage, which
misrepresentation, omission or undue delay or withholding is caused by Seller’s
willful misconduct, gross negligence or bad faith.
(v)
Seller fails to post, maintain, substitute, supplement, replenish or
renew when due the Development Period Security as required under the
Agreement and such failure continues for five (5) days after Notice thereof is
received, except for the failure to post the remainder of the Development Period
Security fifteen (15) days after the Effective Date, as to which no Notice is
required.
(vi)
Seller fails to comply with the Resource Adequacy Requirements
or PJM Capacity Rules as and to the extent required in the Agreement which
failure continues for sixty (60) days after Notice thereof is received from Buyer,
and provided such failure shall not constitute a “Seller’s Event of Default” if
Buyer has failed to compensate Seller to the extent required in Section 3.14.
(vii) During the Services Term, the Mechanical Availability Percentage
of the Project is below sixty percent (60%) for a period of eighteen
(18) consecutive months.
(viii) During the Services Term, the Mechanical Availability Percentage
(including for Force Majeure Events as set forth in the definition of “Mechanical
Availability Percentage”) of the Project is below sixty percent (60%) for a period
of thirty (30) consecutive months.
(ix)
Seller fails to comply with its obligations under the Project
Security Agreements or the collateral security requirements in Article VIII or any
other Collateral requirement or requirements with respect to Delay Damages
hereunder and such failure continues for five (5) Business Days after Notice
thereof is received by Seller.
(x)
The Project Security Agreements (after the effective date thereof)
shall cease to be effective, except in accordance with their terms, to grant the
Buyer’s Lien, or the Buyer’s Lien shall be subordinate to any other Lien or
security interest other than as permitted hereunder with respect to Project
Permitted Lien(s) or Project Financing Liens, or any material default by Seller
shall occur under the Project Security Agreements and such default shall continue
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beyond any grace period provided therein with respect thereto, and any such
failure or default noted in this Section 12.1(a)(x) continues for five (5) Business
Days after Notice thereof is received by Seller.
(xi)
Subject to Sections 5.4(b), (c) or (e) and any other provisions of
this Agreement to the contrary or that allow for an extension, a failure to complete
the conditions precedent to the Initial Delivery Date as set out in Section 5.3(a) on
or before the Date Certain or a delay in completing any Critical Milestone of more
than eighteen (18) months from the date set forth in Schedule 1 for reasons other
than a Force Majeure Event (in each case, as extended due to a Force Majeure
Event in accordance with Section 5.5, if applicable).
(b)
A Party will be deemed a Defaulting Party upon the occurrence of any of
the following, provided that such occurrence was not caused by the action or inaction of
the Non-Defaulting Party in contravention of the Agreement (each as applicable to either
Buyer or Seller, either a “Buyer’s Event of Default” or “Seller’s Event of Default”):
(i)
A Party fails to pay an amount when due hereunder and such
failure continues for thirty (30) days after Notice thereof is received.
(ii)
A Party fails to perform any of its material obligations under this
Agreement and such default (which is not otherwise specified to be a separate
Event of Default hereunder) continues for thirty (30) days after Notice thereof is
received, specifying the default; provided, however, that such period shall be
extended for an additional reasonable period if cure cannot be effected in
thirty (30) days and if corrective action, reasonably calculated to cure the default
within a reasonable period of time, is instituted by the Defaulting Party within the
thirty (30) day period and so long as such action is diligently pursued until such
default is corrected; but not to exceed one hundred and twenty (120) days
cumulatively.
(iii) Any default shall occur under any of the Ancillary Agreements or
the Interconnection Agreements and such default shall continue beyond any
period of grace provided therein with respect thereto, and any such default
continues for five (5) Business Days after Notice thereof is received by the
Defaulting Party.
(iv)
A Party applies for, consents to, or acquiesces in the appointment
of a trustee, receiver or custodian of its assets (including, in the case of Seller for
a substantial part of the Units or the Project), or the initiation of a bankruptcy,
reorganization, debt arrangement, moratorium or any other proceeding under
bankruptcy Laws.
(v)
Absent the consent or acquiescence of a Party, appointment of a
trustee, receiver or custodian of its assets (including in the case of Seller, for a
substantial part of the Units or the Project), or the initiation of a bankruptcy,
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reorganization, debt arrangement, moratorium or any other proceeding under
bankruptcy Laws, which in either case, is not dismissed within ninety (90) days.
(vi)
Any governmental approval necessary for a Party to be able to
perform all of the transactions contemplated by the Agreement expires, or is
revoked or suspended and is not renewed or reinstated within a reasonable period
of time following the expiration, revocation or suspension thereof, by reason of
the action or inaction of such Party and such expiration, revocation or suspension
creates a material adverse impact on the other Party.
(vii) Upon the occurrence of any material breach of any representation,
covenant or warranty made by a Party in this Agreement, thirty (30) days after the
written Notice from the other Party that any material representation, covenant or
warranty made in this Agreement is false, misleading or erroneous in any material
respect without the breach having been cured; provided, however, that such period
shall be extended for an additional reasonable period if cure cannot be effected in
thirty (30) days and if corrective action is instituted by the Defaulting Party within
the thirty (30)-day period and for so long as such action is diligently pursued until
such default is corrected, but in any event within ninety (90) days.
12.2 Remedies. For the avoidance of doubt, Buyer’s remedy pursuant to this
Section 12.2 for an Event of Default or termination of this Agreement under Sections
3.15, 5.2(c), 5.2(e), 5.4(b), 5.4(d), 5.6 or 5.7 shall be such remedies set forth in such
specific sections, except to the extent a separate remedy or Event of Default exists under
the Agreement.
(a)
Upon the occurrence of an Event of Default, the non-defaulting Party
(“Non-Defaulting Party”) shall have the right to any combination of the following:
(i) send Notice, designating a day, no earlier than the day such Notice is deemed to be
received (as provided in Section 14.1) and no later than thirty (30) days after such Notice
is deemed to be received (as provided in Section 14.1), as an early termination date of
this Agreement (“Early Termination Date”), to terminate the Contract Term effective as
of the Early Termination Date and collect liquidated damages in the amounts set forth
below in this Section 12.2 (“Termination Payment”); (ii) withhold any payments due to
the Defaulting Party under this Agreement; (iii) suspend performance under this
Agreement; (iv) demand and require immediate payment of any amounts payable to the
Non-Defaulting Party that, as of the effective date of the termination, have been incurred
by the Defaulting Party but are not yet paid pursuant to the terms of this Agreement;
(v) receive payments of all amounts then due and payable between the Parties under the
terms of this Agreement; and (vi) subject to the terms of the Agreement and except when
an exclusive remedy is provided under the terms of the Agreement, exercise any other
right or remedy available at Law or in equity, other than specific performance.
(b)
If Buyer is the Defaulting Party:
(i)
prior to the issuance of the EPC Notice to Proceed by Seller, Buyer
shall pay to Seller as liquidated damages a Termination Payment equal to the
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costs reasonably incurred by Seller after the Execution Date in the development of
the Units (as documented to Buyer in such detail as reasonably necessary for
Buyer to verify such amounts) plus a breakage fee in an amount equal to $10 per
kW multiplied by Buyer’s Percentage of the Project Capacity or one million five
hundred thousand dollars ($1,500,000) if such amount is required to be paid prior
to Seller establishing the Project Capacity;
(ii)
to the extent Seller shall have issued the EPC Notice to Proceed
but prior to the Initial Delivery Date, the Termination Payment to be paid by
Buyer as liquidated damages shall be calculated in the manner set forth in
Section 12.2(d) below; and
(iii) on and after the Initial Delivery Date, the Termination Payment to
be paid by Buyer as liquidated damages shall be calculated in the manner set forth
in Section 12.2(d) below.
(c)
If Seller is the Defaulting Party:
(i)
prior to the Guaranteed Initial Delivery Date, Seller shall pay to
Buyer as liquidated damages a Termination Payment equal to the then undrawn
portion of the Development Period Security;
(ii)
after the Guaranteed Initial Delivery Date but prior to the Initial
Delivery Date, Seller shall pay to Buyer as liquidated damages a Termination
Payment equal to the amount of the Termination Fee defined in Section 5.4, plus
the amount of any unpaid Delay Damages due Buyer pursuant to Section 5.4 as of
the effective date of termination; and
(ii)
on and after the Initial Delivery Date, the Termination Payment to
be paid by Seller as liquidated damages shall be calculated in the manner set forth
in Section 12.2(d) below.
(d)
On and after the Initial Delivery Date, if either Party is the Defaulting
Party, the Defaulting Party shall pay to the Non-Defaulting Party a “Termination
Payment” equal to, subject to subsections (e) and (f) below, the aggregate of (i) all
Settlement Amounts netted into a single amount, where the “Settlement Amount” is equal
to the Losses (expressed as a positive number) or Gains (express as a negative number),
as applicable, expressed in U.S. dollars, which the Non-Defaulting Party incurs as a result
of the liquidation of this Agreement as of the Early Termination Date; (ii) all Costs
(expressed as a positive number) incurred by the Non-Defaulting Party (even if the NonDefaulting Party experiences net Gains in excess of the Costs); (iii) amounts then due and
owing (expressed as a positive number) by the Defaulting Party to the Non-Defaulting
Party and not yet paid; and (iv) amounts then due and owing (expressed as a negative
number) by the Non-Defaulting Party to the Defaulting Party and not yet paid. For the
avoidance of doubt, if the Termination Payment is zero (0) or negative, the Defaulting
Party shall owe no Termination Payment.
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(e)
For the avoidance of doubt, the Non-Defaulting Party shall not owe any
Termination Payment to the Defaulting Party.
(f)
Termination Payments shall be payable in accordance with Section 6.4.
Disputes regarding the Termination Payment shall be determined in accordance with
Article XIII. In no event will the Non-Defaulting Party be required to pay its Gains to the
Defaulting Party.
(g)
Prior to the exercise by Buyer of any right to terminate the Agreement,
Buyer shall provide all required Notices to Seller, and, at the same time, to any Senior
Secured Lender of which Buyer shall have Notice from Seller. Buyer shall provide each
Senior Secured Lender the same opportunity to cure, on behalf of Seller, any default of
Seller giving rise to such right to terminate as provided to Seller under the Agreement.
12.3 Right of Set-off and Payments by Non-Defaulting Party.
The
Non-Defaulting Party shall be entitled, at its option and in its discretion, to setoff against
any amounts owed to the Defaulting Party by the Non-Defaulting Party under the
Agreement, the Interconnection Agreements, the Ancillary Agreements or otherwise any
amounts payable by the Defaulting Party to the Non-Defaulting Party under the
Agreement, the Interconnection Agreements, the Ancillary Agreements or otherwise.
This Section 12.3 shall be without prejudice and in addition to any right of setoff,
combination of accounts, lien or other right to which any party is at any time otherwise
entitled (whether by operation of Law or otherwise). Notwithstanding any provision to
the contrary contained in the Agreement, the Non-Defaulting Party shall not be required
to pay to the Defaulting Party any amount under this Agreement until the Non-Defaulting
Party receives confirmation satisfactory to it in its reasonable discretion that all
obligations of any kind whatsoever of the Defaulting Party to make any payments to the
Non-Defaulting Party under the Agreement or otherwise which are due and payable as of
the Early Termination Date have been fully and finally performed.
12.4
Termination Upon Consolidation of Seller.
(a)
In addition to the Events of Default set forth in this Article 12 and the
other termination rights of Buyer under this Agreement, Buyer has the right to terminate
the Agreement with no further obligation or liability on the part of either Party if at any
time during the term of the Agreement Buyer’s independent outside auditing firm
determines that Buyer must consolidate Seller in its financial statements under FIN 46
due to Seller’s actions or other changes in circumstance not attributable to Buyer (a “ FIN
46 Determination”). For the avoidance of doubt, (i) a determination by Buyer’s
independent outside auditing firm that Buyer must consolidate Seller (as described
above) shall not in and of itself be a change in circumstance attributable to Buyer and
(ii) notwithstanding the foregoing, Buyer’s right to terminate the Agreement pursuant to
this Section 12.4 and the consequences of such termination shall be subject to the
requirements and allowances set forth in this Section 12.4 for remedying and/or
mitigating the effect of such consolidation. Prior to any termination of the Agreement
pursuant to this Section 12.4, Buyer and Seller shall proceed in accordance with the
following process:
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(i)
Within five business days after learning of a FIN 46 Determination
from Buyer’s independent outside auditing firm, Buyer shall give Seller notice of
such determination, which notice shall include a reasonable description of the
basis of the determination and an estimate of the impacts of such determination
upon Buyer.
(ii)
Promptly following receipt of such notice, but in no event more
than 15 days after Seller’s receipt of such notice, Buyer and Seller will agree upon
an independent evaluator to review the FIN 46 Determination. That independent
evaluator shall be reasonably qualified and expert in matters of accounting with
respect to power generation contracts and the financing of generation plants. If
the parties are unable to agree upon an independent evaluator within such 15 day
period, Seller (or both Parties jointly) shall apply to the Commission for the
appointment of an independent evaluator.
(iii) Promptly upon appointment, the independent evaluator shall
commence the preparation of, and within 30 days after appointment deliver to the
Parties and to the Commission, a review of the FIN 46 Determination, which
review shall, without limiting the inclusion of other matters the independent
evaluator deems appropriate, contain a description and evaluation of:
(A)
the basis for the FIN 46 Determination;
(B)
the impact of the FIN 46 Determination upon each of the Parties,
assuming continuation of this Agreement;
(C)
the impact of a termination of this Agreement upon each of the Parties;
and
(D)
potential means to remedy the circumstances creating the FIN 46
Determination, including potential modifications to terms of this Agreement and/or the
structure of Seller, together with a description of the costs, risks and benefits to Buyer
and Seller of each such remedy.
In recommending potential means to remedy the circumstances creating the FIN 46
Determination, the independent evaluator shall give preference to remedies that avoid
consolidation pursuant to FIN 46, avoid termination of the Agreement, and, to the extent
practicable minimize adverse impacts (including impairment of the benefits of this
Agreement on the Parties and the Buyer’s customers.)
(iv)
The Parties shall assist the independent evaluator throughout the
process of preparing its review, including making key personnel and records
available to the independent evaluator, but neither Party shall be entitled to
participate in any meetings with personnel of the other Party or review of the
other Party’s records. The Parties shall also meet with each other during the
review process to explore means of resolving the FIN 46 Determination on
mutually acceptable terms.
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(v)
Promptly, but in no event later than five business days following
receipt of the independent evaluator’s review, the Parties shall meet to discuss the
potential remedies proposed by the independent evaluator. Within 15 days after
receipt of the independent evaluator’s review, the Parties shall advise the
Commission in writing whether the Parties have been able to agree on a remedy
of the FIN 46 Determination, and if they have agreed, the terms of such
agreement, and if they have not agreed, the concerns each Party has with potential
remedies proposed by the independent evaluator. If the Parties are unable to
agree, they shall request expedited consideration of the matter by the
Commission.
(vi)
The Parties agree that the Commission in determining the
appropriate disposition of the matter brought before it under this subsection of the
Agreement may consider remedies that include, without limitation, termination of
this Agreement, alternative means or levels of performance of the terms of this
Agreement, or payments from one Party to another as a condition to termination
or continuation of this Agreement. The Parties agree, and have entered into this
Agreement based on the expectation that, the Commission will endeavor to
implement a disposition that avoids consolidation pursuant to FIN 46, avoids
termination of the Agreement, and, to the extent practicable, minimizes adverse
impacts (including impairment of the benefits of this Agreement) on the Parties
and the Buyer’s customers.
Although it shall be dispositive of the specific FIN 46 Determination giving rise to the
process described in this subsection (a), no determination pursuant to the process
described in this subsection (a) shall foreclose any subsequent right to terminate that
Buyer might otherwise have under this Section 12.4 for a different and subsequent event
or circumstance triggering consolidation or if FIN 46 is modified such that the same
event or circumstance triggers consolidation, so long as the process described in this
subsection (a) is employed.
(b)
Buyer and Seller agree to use commercially reasonable efforts to minimize
any consolidation effect that FIN 46 has during the term of the Agreement; provided,
however, that except as provided in Section 12.4(a), neither Party shall be required to
incur additional costs or other adverse effect (other than termination described above) as
a result of such efforts. The Parties agree to expedite the process described in this
subsection (a) as reasonably necessary to complete the process in time to avoid
consolidation, if possible.
12.5 Rights And Remedies Are Cumulative. Except as provided herein, the
rights and remedies of a Party pursuant to this Article XII shall be cumulative and in
addition to the rights of the Parties otherwise provided in this Agreement.
12.6 Duty to Mitigate. Buyer and Seller shall each have a duty to mitigate
damages pursuant to this Agreement, and each shall use commercially reasonable efforts
to minimize any damages it may incur as a result of the other Party’s performance or nonperformance of this Agreement, including with respect to termination of this Agreement
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pursuant to Section 12.2. The Parties shall exercise commercially reasonable efforts
when purchasing or selling to or from any other Person, as the case may be, Energy,
Contract Capacity Amounts, Capacity Value, Environmental Attributes, and Ancillary
Services (to the extent applicable) in order to mitigate damages pursuant to this
Section 12.6.
ARTICLE XIII
DISPUTE RESOLUTION
13.1 Intent of the Parties. Except as provided in the next sentence, the sole
procedure to resolve any claim arising out of or relating to this Agreement or any related
agreement is the dispute resolution procedure set forth in this Article XIII.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, either Party may seek a preliminary injunction or other
provisional judicial remedy if such action is necessary to prevent irreparable harm or
preserve the status quo, in which case both Parties nonetheless will continue to pursue
resolution of the dispute by means of the procedure set forth in this Article XIII.
13.2 Management Negotiations. The Parties shall attempt in good faith to
resolve all disputes arising out of or related to or in connection with this Agreement
promptly by negotiation, as follows. Any Party may give the other Party written Notice
of any dispute not resolved in the normal course of business. Senior executives of both
Parties shall meet at a mutually acceptable time and place within ten (10) days after
delivery of such Notice, and thereafter as often as they mutually agree, to attempt to
resolve the dispute. The Parties further agree to provide each other with reasonable
access during normal business hours to any and all non-privileged records, information
and data pertaining to any such dispute (subject in all respects to Section 6.6). If the
matter has not been resolved within thirty (30) days from the referral of the dispute to
senior executives, or if no meeting of senior executives has taken place within fifteen
(15) days after such referral, either Party may initiate resolution of the dispute as
provided in Section 13.3. All negotiations pursuant to this clause are confidential
pursuant to Section 14.8.
13.3 Dispute Resolution Before Commission. If the dispute cannot be so
resolved by negotiation as set forth in Section 13.2 above, it shall be resolved at the
request of any Party through the dispute resolution process administered by the
Commission. Any decision by the Commission may be appealed to the extent provided
by applicable Law.
13.4 Extension of Milestones. To the extent that Buyer (or any of its Affiliates)
pursues any litigation seeking to terminate the Agreement after the Execution Date absent
an Event of Default by Seller or other exercise of remedies, or otherwise seeks to legally
challenge the process by which any rights with respect to the Project (including this
Agreement, the Permits and the Site) were granted or awarded to Seller, and such
litigation continues beyond March 31, 2010, the Permitting Milestone, all Critical
Milestones and the Guaranteed Initial Delivery Date and the Date Certain shall each be
extended, such extension not to exceed a day for day extension for each day that such
litigation or legal challenge extends beyond March 31, 2010, to the extent that Seller can
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reasonably demonstrate that such litigation or legal challenge has delayed the
achievement of such Critical Milestone or date (including delays resulting from the
exercise of that level of financial prudence that would have been exercised by a
reasonably prudent wind power developer acting under the circumstances set forth in this
Section 13.4).
13.5 Non-Interference. Seller acknowledges that Buyer issued a Request for
Proposals for Renewable Wind Energy Generation, dated February 14, 2008 (the “Buyer
Windpower RFP”), pursuant to which Buyer solicited proposals for the purchase of
energy and environmental attributes from land-based and offshore wind energy providers
and entered into power purchase agreements with one or more of the bidders thereunder.
Seller shall not, and shall cause its Affiliates not to, intervene against or otherwise
challenge the Buyer Wind-Power RFP or the wind power purchase agreements entered
into (or to be entered into) in connection therewith in any way, including, but not limited
to, taking any legal or other action against Buyer or any seller under the Buyer
Windpower RFP or appealing to the Commission or other Governmental Authority with
respect to the Buyer Windpower RFP. Buyer shall not, and shall not cause its Affiliates
to, intervene against, challenge or otherwise seek to prevent or overturn the Regulatory
Approval of the Agreement.
ARTICLE XIV
MISCELLANEOUS
14.1 Notices. Whenever this Agreement requires or permits delivery of a
“Notice” (or requires a Party to “Notify”), all notices, requests, statements or payments
shall be made to the Parties using the contact information set out below. Notices required
to be in writing shall be delivered by letter, facsimile or other documentary form. Notice
by facsimile or hand delivery shall be deemed to have been received by the close of the
Business Day during which the Notice is received or hand delivered. Notice by overnight
mail or courier shall be deemed to have been received upon delivery as evidenced by the
delivery receipt. Notwithstanding the foregoing, Forecasted Energy Notices, Notices of
Outages or other intra-day information regarding the operations of the Project are to be
provided as required pursuant to Sections 3.5 and 3.10; and any scheduling and
dispatching shall be done pursuant to the Operating Procedures.
To Buyer:
Delmarva Power & Light Company
c/o Pepco Holdings, Inc
701 Ninth Street, NW
Washington, DC 20068
Attn: Peter E. Schaub, General Manager
Energy Supply
202-872-3350 (fax)
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with a copy to:
Pepco Holdings, Inc.
701 Ninth St., N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20068
Attn: General Counsel
202-872-2890 (phone)
202-331-6767 (fax)
to Seller:
Bluewater Wind Delaware LLC
1 Innovation Way
Suite 304F
Newark, DE 19711
Attn: Peter Mandelstam
(917) 327-5827 (phone)
(212) 663 2047 (fax)
with a copy to:
Babcock & Brown
2 Harrison Street, 6th Floor
San Francisco, CA 94105
Attn: General Counsel
(415) 267-1638 (phone)
(415) 267-1500 (fax)
14.2 Changes to Notice and Invoicing Information. The address and contact
information to which Notices or invoices shall be mailed, or amounts paid, may be
changed from time to time by either Party by Notice served as hereinabove provided.
14.3
Force Majeure Event.
(a)
Effect of Force Majeure Event.
Except as provided in
Section 12.1(a)(viii) or otherwise in the Agreement, a Party shall not be considered to be
in default in the performance of its obligations to the extent that the failure or delay of its
performance is due to a Force Majeure Event, and the non-affected Party shall be excused
from its corresponding performance obligations to the extent due to the affected Party’s
failure or delay of performance. Notwithstanding the foregoing, a failure to make
payments that have accrued pursuant to the terms of the Agreement when due shall not be
excused due to a Force Majeure Event. The burden of proof for establishing the
existence and consequences of a Force Majeure Event lies with the Party initiating the
claim.
(b)
Notice of Force Majeure Event. In addition to satisfying the notification
provisions set forth in Sections 3.5(b) and (c), as applicable, within three (3) Business
Days of the commencement of a Force Majeure Event, the Party desiring to invoke a
Force Majeure Event as a cause for delay in its performance of, or failure to perform, any
obligation (other than the payment of money) hereunder, shall provide the other Party
Notice of the occurrence giving rise to the Force Majeure Event with details to be
supplied within seven (7) Business Days thereafter describing the particulars of the Force
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Majeure Event, including the expected duration and effect of such Force Majeure Event.
Failure to provide timely Notice constitutes a waiver of a claim of a Force Majeure
Event. Promptly, but in any event within ten (10) days, after a Notice is given pursuant
to the preceding sentence, the Parties shall meet to discuss the basis and terms upon
which the arrangements set out in this Agreement shall be continued taking into account
the effects of such Force Majeure Event.
(c)
Mitigation of Force Majeure. The suspension of performance due to a
claim of a Force Majeure Event must be of no greater scope and of no longer duration
than is required by the Force Majeure Event. Each Party suffering a Force Majeure Event
shall take, or cause to be taken, such action as may be necessary to void, or nullify, or
otherwise to mitigate, in all material respects, the effects of such Force Majeure Event.
The Parties shall take all reasonable steps to ensure resumption of normal performance
under this Agreement after the cessation of any Force Majeure Event.
14.4 No Dedication. Nothing in this Agreement shall be construed to create
any duty to, any standard of care with reference to, or any liability to any Person not a
Party to this Agreement. No undertaking by one Party to the other under any provision of
this Agreement shall constitute the dedication of that Party’s system or any portion
thereof to the other Party or the public, nor affect the status of Buyer as an independent
public utility corporation or Seller as an independent individual or entity.
14.5
Assignment.
(a)
Assignment by Seller. Without Buyer’s prior written consent, Seller shall
not assign this Agreement or its rights hereunder or assign or transfer control of any of
the Units or the Project (without limiting the “change of control” provision included
below), in each case including to Affiliates and including direct and indirect transfers and
assignments (except as permitted below). Buyer’s consent in each case set forth above in
this Section 14.5(a) shall not be unreasonably withheld upon a showing of the proposed
assignee’s technical and financial capability to fulfill the requirements of Seller under this
Agreement, as determined by Buyer in its reasonable discretion; provided that Seller shall
not, in any event, assign this Agreement or its rights hereunder without simultaneously
assigning or transferring all of the Units and the Project to the same assignee, which
assignee shall retain control of the Project during the Contract Term, except in the case of
a further assignment pursuant to the terms hereof (including the restrictions set forth
herein). Transfer of any ownership interests in Seller to an institutional investor for
purposes of allowing such institutional investor to claim PTCs (a “Tax Investor”) for
electrical energy produced by the Project and sold by Seller pursuant to which such Tax
Investor shall not have ordinary control over the management of Seller (and further
transfers of such ownership interests by such Tax Investors) shall not be treated as an
assignment of the Agreement for purposes of any such consent requirement. Change in
the ownership of, or the ownership interests in, Seller shall not be treated as an
assignment of the Agreement; provided, however, Seller shall obtain Buyer’s prior
written consent (not to be unreasonably withheld) to Changes of Control, such consent to
be granted upon a showing that such Change in Control does not materially adversely
affect Seller’s creditworthiness or qualification to perform Seller’s obligations under the
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Agreement; provided, however, that a Change of Control caused by a transfer of
Ownership Interests (i) to an entity with gross assets of at least $10 billion (giving effect
to the balance sheet value of the Project and adjusted by the Consumer Price Index from
the Execution Date), or (ii) to a Babcock & Brown Wind Partners Limited (an Australian
Company) controlled infrastructure related fund which controls the ability to manage the
Project, or (iii) in connection with a public offering on the New York, London,
NASDAQ, AIM or similar exchange shall not require approval of the Buyer if such
transfer in each case does not reduce the technical or financial ability of Seller to fulfill
its obligations under the Agreement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, but subject to
Section 8.3, Seller may, without relieving itself from liability hereunder, transfer, sell,
pledge, encumber or assign the Units, the Project, this Agreement or the accounts,
revenues or proceeds under the Agreement as security for the project financing for the
Project. In connection with any assignment made pursuant to the previous sentence, at
the request of Seller, Buyer shall execute a consent to assignment in form and substance
reasonably satisfactory to Buyer and the Senior Secured Lenders that incorporates terms
and conditions customary in a project finance transaction of this type, but Buyer shall not
be obligated to enter into any consent which shall adversely affect Buyer’s rights
hereunder (including those under Section 8.3); and provided further, Seller shall be
responsible for Buyer’s reasonable documented costs associated with review, negotiation,
execution and delivery of such documents, including attorneys’ fees. Upon any permitted
assignment of Seller’s rights, duties and obligations under the Agreement by an assignee
under this Section 14.5(a) (other than for financing purposes, as described herein), such
assignee shall agree in a writing in form and substance reasonably acceptable to Buyer to
assume and be bound by the terms and conditions hereof, including all of Seller’s rights,
duties, obligations and liabilities hereunder, and confirm to Buyer’s reasonable
satisfaction that all Collateral required hereunder shall remain in full force and effect,
and, upon such assumption in full, Seller shall be released and discharged from this
Agreement. Seller shall provide Buyer such information as Buyer may reasonably request
to determine such technical and financial ability including investment guidelines and
other relevant information related to an assignee under this section.
(b)
Assignment by Buyer. Buyer shall have the right to assign the Agreement
subject to Seller’s consent not to be unreasonably withheld; provided Seller’s consent
shall not be required for (1) transfers to assignees that at the time of transfer are at least as
creditworthy as Buyer was on the Execution Date, or (2) transfers to any entity
succeeding to all or substantially all of Buyer’s assets. Notwithstanding the foregoing,
Buyer may, without relieving itself from liability hereunder, transfer, sell, pledge,
encumber or assign this Agreement or the accounts, revenues or proceeds under the
Agreement to unrelated third parties for financing purposes. In connection with any
assignment made pursuant to the previous sentence, at the request of Buyer, Seller shall
execute a consent to assignment in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to Seller,
but which consent shall not adversely affect Seller’s rights hereunder; and provided
further, Buyer shall be responsible for Seller’s reasonable documented costs associated
with review, negotiation, execution and delivery of such documents, including attorneys’
fees. Upon any permitted assignment of Buyer’s rights, duties and obligations under the
Agreement by an assignee under this Section 14.5(b) (other than for financing purposes,
as described herein), such assignee shall agree in a writing in form and substance
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reasonably acceptable to Seller to assume and be bound by the terms and conditions
hereof, including all of Buyer’s rights, duties, obligations and liabilities hereunder, and,
upon such assumption in full, Buyer shall be released and discharged from this
Agreement.
14.6 Choice of Law And Venue. THIS AGREEMENT AND THE RIGHTS
AND DUTIES OF THE PARTIES HEREUNDER SHALL BE GOVERNED BY AND
CONSTRUED, ENFORCED AND PERFORMED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE
LAWS OF THE STATE OF DELAWARE, WITHOUT REGARD TO PRINCIPLES OF
CONFLICTS OF LAW. EACH PARTY WAIVES ITS RESPECTIVE RIGHT TO ANY
JURY TRIAL WITH RESPECT TO ANY LITIGATION ARISING UNDER OR IN
CONNECTION WITH THIS AGREEMENT. ANY LITIGATION ARISING UNDER
OR IN CONNECTION WITH THIS AGREEMENT SHALL BE FILED ONLY WITH
THE STATE OR FEDERAL COURTS LOCATED WITHIN THE STATE OF
DELAWARE.
14.7 General. This Agreement shall be considered for all purposes as prepared
through the joint efforts of the Parties and shall not be construed against one Party or the
other as a result of the preparation, substitution, submission or other event of negotiation,
drafting or execution hereof. The Parties shall be able to amend this Agreement from
time to time by mutual consent provided that no amendment or modification to this
Agreement shall be enforceable or effected unless reduced to a writing signed by the
Parties. Furthermore, no amendment of this Agreement occurring after the Execution
Date, for which a Party seeks cost recovery from Buyer’s ratepayers, shall be enforceable
absent specific Commission approval of such amendment. This Agreement shall not
impart any rights enforceable by any third party (other than a permitted successor or
assignee bound to this Agreement). Waiver by a Party of any default by the other Party
shall not be construed as a waiver of any other default. The headings used herein are for
convenience and reference purposes only. Cancellation, expiration, or earlier termination
of this Agreement shall not relieve the Parties of any obligations under or pursuant to this
Agreement that expressly survive by their terms (including with respect to Collateral,
payments and damages as indicated in Section 2.1) or by their nature survive such
cancellation, expiration, or termination.
All indemnity rights shall survive the
cancellation, expiration or termination of this Agreement for a period of two (2) years
after the effective date of termination of this Agreement. All provisions relating to
limitations of liability shall survive the cancellation, expiration or termination of this
Agreement without limit. This Agreement shall be binding on each Party’s successors
and permitted assigns. Subject to Section 14.14, nothing in this Agreement shall in any
way restrict or otherwise limit the rights of either Party under Sections 205 and 206 of the
Federal Power Act.
14.8 Confidentiality. Throughout the Contract Term, neither Party shall
disclose the non-public terms or conditions of this Agreement or any transaction
hereunder to a third party, other than: (i) the Party’s Affiliates, or it’s or it’s Affiliates’
employees, lenders, counsel, accountants, advisors or rating agencies who have a need to
know such information and have agreed to keep such terms confidential on terms
commensurate with the terms set forth in this Section 14.8; (ii) in order to comply with
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any applicable Law, regulation, or any exchange, control area or PJM rule, or order
issued by a court or entity with competent jurisdiction over the disclosing Party
(“Disclosing Party”); (iii) in order to comply with any applicable regulation, rule, or
order of the Agencies or FERC; or (iv) as Buyer deems necessary in order to demonstrate
the reasonableness of its actions to duly authorized Governmental Authorities or
regulatory agencies including the Commission, the Delaware Department of Natural
Resources and Environmental Control or any division thereof, and any other regulatory
agency which claims jurisdiction over the subject matter of the Agreement. In
connection with requests made pursuant to clause (ii) of this Section 14.8 (“Disclosure
Order”) and disclosures pursuant to clause (iii) or (iv) (“Regulatory Disclosures”), each
Party shall, to the extent practicable, use reasonable efforts to: (i) notify the other Party
prior to disclosing the confidential information and (ii) prevent or limit such disclosure.
After using such reasonable efforts, the Disclosing Party shall not be: (i) prohibited from
complying with a Disclosure Order or making the Regulatory Disclosures or (ii) liable to
the other Party for monetary or other damages incurred in connection with such
disclosures of the confidential information. Except as provided in the preceding
sentence, the Parties shall be entitled to all remedies available at Law or in equity to
enforce or seek relief in connection with the confidentiality obligation set forth in this
Section. The confidentiality obligation hereunder shall not apply to any information that
was or hereafter becomes available to the public other than as a result of a disclosure in
violation of this Section. The Parties each recognize, acknowledge and approve that the
Agreement will be made public by the Commission both in preliminary and final form in
connection with the approval thereof.
14.9 Entire Agreement; Severability. This Agreement, the Interconnection
Agreements and the Ancillary Agreements, including the exhibits, schedules, appendices,
documents, certificates and instruments referred to herein or therein and the other
contracts, agreements and instruments contemplated hereby or thereby, embody the entire
agreement and understanding of the Parties in respect of the transactions contemplated by
this Agreement. There are no restrictions, promises, representations, warranties,
covenants or undertakings other than those expressly set forth or referred to herein or
therein. This Agreement, the Interconnection Agreements and the Ancillary Agreements
supersede all prior agreements and understandings between the Parties with respect to the
transactions contemplated by this Agreement. If any provision in this Agreement is
determined to be invalid, void or unenforceable by any court having jurisdiction, such
determination shall not invalidate, void, or make unenforceable any other provision,
agreement or covenant of this Agreement and the Parties shall use their best efforts to
modify this Agreement to give effect to the original intention of the Parties. Any
determination that specific parts of this Agreement are severable shall not affect in any
way the Parties’ assent to this Agreement, the Interconnection Agreement and the
Ancillary Agreements, including the exhibits, schedules, appendices, documents,
certificates and instruments referred to herein or therein and the other contracts,
agreements and instruments contemplated hereby or thereby, as one integrated, nonseverable contract.
14.10 Treatment of Agreement and Related Documents. Seller acknowledges
and agrees that this Agreement, the Interconnection Agreements and the Ancillary
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Agreements including the exhibits, schedules, appendices, documents, certificates and
instruments referred to herein or therein and the other contracts, agreements and
instruments contemplated hereby or thereby to which both Buyer and Seller or their
Affiliates are or become parties, while each independently setting forth the exclusive
terms and conditions pertaining to the subject matter thereof, for purposes of contract
interpretation, do collectively provide Buyer rights and interests in the Project related to
and/or necessary for the Project, and, accordingly, Seller agrees, for itself and its
successors and assigns, that all of such contracts shall be treated as an integrated
economic whole, and therefore, in accordance with the standards in Section 14.14, in any
bankruptcy or insolvency proceeding involving it or any of its Affiliates, all such
contracts shall either all be assumed or all be rejected to the extent that assumption or
rejection is permitted by Law.
14.11 Conflicts with Interconnection Agreements and Ancillary Agreements.
Except as expressly provided herein or therein, in the event of any conflict or
inconsistency between the terms of this Agreement and the terms of the Interconnection
Agreements and any Ancillary Agreements, the terms of this Agreement shall prevail.
14.12 Counterparts. This Agreement may be executed in one or more
counterparts each of which shall be deemed an original and all of which shall be deemed
one and the same Agreement.
14.13 Forward Contract. The Parties acknowledge and agree that the Agreement
and the transactions consummated thereunder constitute a “forward contract” within the
meaning of the United States Bankruptcy Code and that each of Seller and Buyer is a
“forward contract merchant” within the meaning of the United States Bankruptcy Code.
14.14 Future Treatment. The Parties agree and acknowledge that the standard of
review for any avoidance, breach, rejection, termination, or other cessation of
performance of or changes to any portion of this integrated, non-severable Agreement (as
described in Section 14.10) over which FERC has jurisdiction, whether proposed by the
Seller, the Buyer, a non-party, or FERC acting sua sponte, shall be the “public interest”
standard of review set forth in United Gas Pipe Line Co. v. Mobile Gas Serv. Co.,
350 U.S. 332 (1956) and Federal Power Comm’n v. Sierra Pac. Power Co., 350 U.S. 348
(1956), as such standard may be subsequently clarified by the Supreme Court of the
United States or inferior courts. The Parties further agree and acknowledge that the
standard of review for any proposed avoidance, breach, rejection, termination, or other
cessation of performance or changes to any portion of this integrated, non-severable
Agreement (as described in Section 14.10) over which the United States District Court or
the United States Bankruptcy Court for the district in which a proceeding is pending,
whether proposed by the Seller, the Buyer, or a non-party, shall be the standard of review
set forth in In re Mirant Corp., 318 B.R. 100 (N.D. Tex. 2004). In connection with the
application of such standards, the Parties agree that any failure to perform the Agreement
on behalf of Seller would cause a disruption in the supply of electricity and may lead to
an increase in rates paid by Buyer’s customers. Nothing in this paragraph shall adversely
affect, in any way, the protections afforded to a non-debtor counterparty under the United
States Bankruptcy Code.
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14.15 Certain Fees and Expenses. Each Party (the “First Party”) agrees to pay to
the other Party (the “Second Party”), upon written demand from the Second Party from
time to time, the amount of all expenses and costs, including reasonable attorneys’ fees
and expenses, paid or incurred by the Second Party (i) after any of the obligations due to
the Second Party by the First Party under this Agreement are not paid or performed when
due (whether by demand, acceleration or otherwise), which arise as a result of such
failure to pay or perform, and (ii) after a default or an Event of Default of the First Party
shall occur, which arise as a result of such Event of Default. The First Party also agrees
to pay to the Second Party, upon written demand by the Second Party from time to time,
interest on the outstanding amount of such expenses and costs paid by the Second Party,
from the date of the Second Party’s demand for payment of such expenses until the same
are paid in full, at the Interest Rate. The fees and expenses of the independent evaluator
with respect to Section 12.4 will be shared equally between the Parties. The fees and
expenses of an Independent Evaluator with respect to any other provision hereof will be
paid for by Seller.
14.16 Authorized Representatives. Each Party shall provide Notice to the other
Party of the persons authorized to make or receive Notices and perform other functions
related to the administration of the Agreement on behalf of such Party, including with
respect to scheduling under Section 3.5 (“Authorized Representative”). Such Notice
shall include the scope of the Authorized Representative(s) individual authority and
responsibilities. Either Party may change its designation of such persons and the scope of
their individual authorities and responsibilities from time to time by providing Notice.
14.17 Recordings. Unless a Party expressly objects to a Recording (defined
below) at the beginning of a telephone conversation, each Party consents to the creation
of a tape or electronic recording (“Recording”) of all telephone conversations between
the Parties to this Agreement, and that any such Recordings will be retained in
confidence, secured from improper access, and may be submitted in evidence in any
proceeding or action relating to this Agreement. Each Party waives any further notice of
such monitoring or recording and agrees to notify its officers and employees of such
monitoring or recording and to obtain any necessary consent of such officers and
employees. Failure of a Party either to provide such notification or obtain such consent
shall not in any way limit the use of the Recordings pursuant to this Agreement.
Subject to the restriction on
14.18 Amendments to PJM Agreements.
amendments in Section 14.7, in the event that the PJM Agreements are altered after the
Execution Date in such a manner so as to provide a material economic benefit to one
Party at the economic cost of the other Party, the Parties agree to negotiate in good faith
to amend this Agreement as necessary to conform this Agreement to such altered PJM
Agreements so as to maintain the relative benefits of the economic bargain evidenced by
this Agreement on the Execution Date.
14.19 Obligation to Act in Good Faith, Etc. The Parties shall act reasonably and
in accordance with the principles of good faith and fair dealing in the performance of this
Agreement. Unless expressly provided otherwise in this Agreement, where the
Agreement requires the consent, approval or similar action by a Party, such consent,
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approval, or action shall be made or given in such Party’s sole discretion acting
consistent with Good Utility Practice and its other obligations under this Agreement,
including Section 3.6 and this Section 14.19.
[Remainder of page intentionally left blank.]
100
APPENDIX 1
THE UNITS AND THE PROJECT
Buyer and Seller acknowledge that as of the Execution Date the Project is in an early
stage of development. Buyer and Seller in turn acknowledge that this Appendix 1
represents an approximate description of the Project, the Site, the Units, the Electrical
Interconnection Facilities and the Operational Limitations, and that changes and further
detail regarding each of these items will developed over time by Seller. Buyer and Seller
thus agree that this Appendix 1 may be revised and supplemented by Seller on a
commercially reasonable basis consistent with Good Utility Practice from time to time to
reflect further details regarding the Project which Project shall be in accordance with the
terms of the Agreement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, unless otherwise agreed by the
Parties, the Project’s total Project Capacity shall be no less than 200 MW (except with
respect to reductions in Project Capacity permitted under Sections 3.1(d), 5.4, 5.7 and
12.4) and shall not exceed 600 MW in accordance with Section 2.4, and the general
location, the Indian River Line Assets, and the Point of Receipt shall not be modified
without Buyer’s consent. Seller shall revise on an interim basis Appendix 1 by the
Effective Date, and shall use commercially reasonable efforts to make such revision as
complete as possible. Seller shall provide Buyer regular updates on the process of
finalizing this Appendix 1 which appendix shall be finalized no later than the Project
Commercial Operation Date.
Site
The Site includes that portion of the Atlantic Ocean whose nearest point is approximately
11.5 nautical miles East of Rehoboth Beach, DE and north of the Delaware Bay southern
shipping channel consisting of the general area between Latitude 38° 30’ N and 38° 46’
N and Longitude 74° 40’ W and 74° 53’ W, in which the Units are located. The Site
further includes the seafloor, underground, or above ground corridor through which
electrical interconnection cables transit from this ocean area to the Indian River
Substation, as further described below. The Site also includes any land or ocean area on
which is located interconnection, maintenance, control, or other facilities necessary to
enable or support operation of the Project. For further detail please see Attachment A to
this Appendix 1, which is conceptual.
Units
The Units shall be three-bladed, up-wind wind turbine generators, including associated
towers, supporting structures, and foundations. Unit specific information to be provided
when reasonably available.
Electrical Interconnection Facilities
It is anticipated that the Electrical Interconnection Facilities shall consist of 34.5 kV
cables which interconnect the Units to appropriate (consistent with Good Utility
Appendix 1-1
Practices) substation(s) located on (an) offshore platform(s). Each of these offshore
substation(s) will be connected to Seller’s on-shore substation by certain
underwater/underground and above ground circuit(s) consistent with Good Utility
Practices. It is proposed that Seller may interconnect to the Buyer’s transmission system
near the Bethany substation. It is further planned that Seller’s Energy will then be
transmitted approximately 12 miles along Buyer’s Bethany to Indian River rights-of-way
and transmission facilities to the Buyer’s Indian River Substation. The Indian River
substation is located at 30387 Gate “A” Road, Millsboro, DE 19966. A conceptual nonbinding schematic of this interconnection structure is shown in example format in
Attachment B to this Appendix 1. The description of the Indian River Line Assets is
provided by Buyer and is subject to change prior to finalization of Appendix 1.
Operational Limitations
To be provided upon execution of the Turbine Supply Agreement.
Other Project Assets
Descriptions of other Project Assets to be provided when available to Seller.
Appendix 1-2
ATTACHMENT A
Appendix 1-3
ATTACHMENT B
Appendix 1-4
APPENDIX 2
FORM OF COMMERCIAL OPERATION CERTIFICATION
Date: [______________]
With respect to: [NOTE: insert Unit number, Unit Group number, or notation that
this certificate is submitted with respect to the Project as a whole]
1.
[Insert name of Licensed Professional Engineer] (the “Expert”) has
delivered this Commercial Operation Certificate on the above date to the duly authorized
representatives of Delmarva Power & Light Company, a Delaware corporation
(“Buyer”), pursuant to the terms of that certain Power Purchase Agreement by and
between Bluewater Wind Delaware LLC (“Seller”) and Buyer dated June 23, 2008 (the
“Agreement”).
2.
Capitalized terms used, but not otherwise defined herein, have the
meanings set forth in the Agreement.
3.
With respect to [the above noted][NOTE: insert Unit number, Unit Group
number, or notation that this certificate is submitted with respect to the Project as a
whole][, as further described in Attachment A hereto][NOTE: attach identification of
Unit or Unit Group; if Project certification, do not include], the Expert certifies and
represents to Buyer that the following statements are true as of the date set forth above:
1. [Such Unit][Each Unit in such Unit Group][Each Unit forming a part of
the Project]:
a. is fully commissioned in accordance with the terms of the Turbine
Supply Agreement, and Seller and Turbine Supplier have executed
and delivered a commissioning certificate (which has been
provided to Buyer) evidencing such completion of commissioning;
b. has passed the Initial Performance Test;
c. is operating and able to produce and deliver Products pursuant to
the terms of this Agreement and in accordance with Good Utility
Practice;
2. The Seller is a PJM Member, and [the Unit] [the Unit Group] [the Project]
has been accepted as a Capacity Resource of PJM;
3. The Capacity Value and Cleared Capacity Value for the Project for the
current Capacity Year and the next Capacity Year (subject to such
adjustments for such next following Capacity Year as are contemplated by
the PJM Capacity Rules) have been notified in writing to Buyer, and
Appendix 2-1
Seller is able to transfer a Contract Capacity Amount for the next Capacity
Year to Buyer based on the Contract Capacity for the next Capacity Year;
4. All Energy to be delivered to the Delivery Point pursuant to the
Agreement from [such][Unit][Unit Group][the Project] as applicable,
qualifies as generation from an Eligible Energy Resource under the RPS
Act and the Commission RPS Rules; and
5. The Electrical Interconnection Facilities necessary to (i) qualify the
Project as a Capacity Resource of PJM with the ability to deliver the
Capacity Value of [such][Unit][Unit Group][the Project], and (ii) permit
the delivery of Delivered Energy to the Delivery Point up to the Capacity
of [such][Unit][Unit Group][the Project] has been fully commissioned in
accordance with the EPC Contract and other applicable Project Contracts
and all performance testing relating to such Electrical Interconnection
Facilities under the EPC Contract and other applicable Project Contracts
has been successfully completed; and
6. The applicable computer monitoring system (CMS) for the Project has
been installed and tested and is fully operational in order to permit
continuous reporting and monitoring of the performance of
[such][Unit][Unit Group][the Project] in accordance with the terms of the
Turbine Supply Agreement or other applicable Project Contract; and
7. Therefore, [the above noted Unit has achieved Unit Commercial
Operation.][the above noted Unit Group has achieved Unit Group
Commercial Operation.][the Project has achieved Project Commercial
Operation.]
Expert: [________________________]
By:_____________________
Name:
Title:
Appendix 2-2
APPENDIX 3
ENERGY-ONLY PPA PRINCIPLES
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
All provisions of the Agreement remain, other than as noted in this Appendix
3.
In selling to Buyer the Delivered Energy, RECs and Environmental Attributes
as set forth in Section 3.1(a)(i)(C) and 3.1(a)(ii) of the Agreement, Seller shall
transfer to Buyer all rights and obligations related to Buyer’s Percentage of
the Capacity Value.
All other references to capacity sales, related provisions and unneeded
definitions are deleted.
All capacity related covenants (including those related to Resource Adequacy
Requirements and Outage scheduling), including conditions precedent and
commercial operation requirements, are deleted.
Buyer shall continue to schedule all Energy pursuant to the Buyer Scheduling
Obligation (other than day-ahead scheduling obligations, which shall be at
Buyer’s sole option, depending upon its election whether to treat the
Agreement as a Capacity Resource) and related provisions, as further
specified in the Agreement.
Balancing Operating Reserve charges shall continue to be split between the
Parties to the extent set forth in the Agreement.
Balancing Amounts shall continue to be for the account of Buyer to the extent
set forth in the Agreement.
Seller shall take such actions with respect to the Project as are required under
the PJM Agreements to enable Buyer’s Percentage of the Capacity Value
under the Agreement to qualify as a Capacity Resource for the benefit of
Buyer.
The Base Energy Rate shall be equal to $104.23 per MW/hour in 2007 dollars
with the Annual Inflation Adjustment as set forth in the Agreement.
The Base Renewable Energy Credits Rate shall be equivalent to the amount
set forth in the Agreement as adjusted pursuant to Section 4.2 and further
adjusted with the Annual Inflation Adjustment as set forth in the Agreement.
Appendix 3-1
APPENDIX 4
CONGESTION/LMP CALCULATION (ILLUSTRATIVE)
Buyer Assuming All LMP
Scenario 1
•
•
•
LMP at Indian River Substation is -$10.00 per MW-h during a given hour. No
other intermittent resource.
Project delivers 200 MW-h to node during such hour and Buyer’s Percentage is
50%.
Buyer responsible for $1,000 negative LMP charge for that hour.
Scenario 2
•
•
•
•
LMP at Indian River Substation is $10.00 per MW-h. No other intermittent
resource.
Project delivers 200 MW-h to node during such hour and Buyer’s Percentage is
50%.
No negative LMP so Buyer receives $1,000 if power re-sold in spot market.
No payment owed by Seller.
Buyer-Seller Allocation of LMP
Scenario 3
• LMP at Indian River Substation is -$10.00 per MW-h during a given hour.
Intermittent resource exists resulting in 80/20 LMP sharing pursuant to
Section 3.4 of the Agreement.
• Project delivers 200 MW-h to node during such hour and Buyer’s Percentage is
50%.
• Seller responsible for $1,800 negative LMP charge for that hour
• Buyer responsible for $200 negative LMP charge for that hour
Scenario 4
• LMP at Indian River Substation is -$10.00 per MW-h during a given hour.
Intermittent resource exists resulting in 80/20 LMP sharing pursuant to
Section 3.4 of the Agreement.
• Project delivers 400 MW-h to node during such hour and Buyer’s Percentage is
50%
• Seller responsible for $3,600 negative LMP charge for that hour
• Buyer responsible for $400 negative LMP charge for that hour
Appendix 4-1
APPENDIX 5
EXAMPLES OF ADJUSTMENTS TO
REC PURCHASE OBLIGATION AND PRICING (ILLUSTRATIVE)
Scenario 1
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Project Capacity = 200 MW
Buyer’s Percentage = 100%
Project generates 200 MWh of Energy and 200 RECs in an hour
RPS Act allows for Buyer to receive 350% credit toward meeting Renewable
Energy Portfolio Standards under RPS Act for RECs from Project: RPS
Multiplier = 1/350% = 28.57% rounded to 28.6%
RECs purchased and sold under Section 3.1(a) = 57 (RPS Multiplier of 28.6% of
Buyer’s 100% entitlement): 200 RECs*28.6% = 57.2 rounded to 57
Base Renewable Energy Credits Rate (BRR) = $53.62 per REC (as adjusted by
the Annual Inflation Adjustment): $15.32/REC*350% = $53.62/REC
Total Purchase Price for applicable period = $3,056.34: 57 RECs*$53.62/REC =
$3,056.34
Scenario 2
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Project Capacity = 450 MW
Buyer’s Percentage = 44.44%: 200/450 = .4444 or 44.44%
Project generates 200 MWh of Energy and 200 RECs in an hour
RPS Act allows for Buyer to receive 350% credit toward meeting Renewable
Energy Portfolio Standards under RPS Act for RECs from Project: RPS
Multiplier = 1/350% = 28.57% rounded to 28.6%
RECs purchased and sold under Section 3.1(a) = 25 (RPS Multiplier of 28.6% of
Buyer’s 44.44% entitlement): 200 RECs*44.44%*28.6% = 25.42 rounded to 25
Base Renewable Energy Credits Rate (BRR) = $53.62 per REC (as adjusted by
the Annual Inflation Adjustment): $15.32/REC*350% = $53.62/REC
Total Purchase Price for applicable period = $1,340.50: 25 RECs*$53.62 =
$1,340.50
Appendix 5-1
SCHEDULE 1
CRITICAL MILESTONES
Commencement of Avian Studies for Permits: December 31, 2009
Install Met Tower: June 30, 2011
Application to MMS for Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) Lease: Within eighteen
(18) months after publication of non-appealable MMS Guidelines
Financial Closing: August 31, 2012
The binding closing of the debt or other unaffiliated third party financing necessary to
construct the entire Project.
Notice to Proceed: September 30, 2012
Issuance of both the EPC Notice to Proceed and the Turbine Notice to Proceed.
Site: August 31, 2012
Seller has all necessary rights to the Project Site to construct and operate the Project in
accordance with the Agreement.
Permitting: August 31, 2012
Receipt of Permits necessary for the construction and operation of the Project, other than
those routinely granted upon due application that are not normally obtained before
commencement of construction or operation, for a period at least equal to the PreServices Term Period and the Services Term, as applicable.
Turbine Supply Agreement and EPC Contract: August 31, 2012
Execution and delivery of the Turbine Supply Agreement and EPC Contract for the
Project.
Schedule 1-1
SCHEDULE 2
INITIAL EXPECTED ENERGY PRODUCTION SCHEDULE
Buyer and Seller agree that this Schedule 2 is representative of the calendar year, full
hour by hour schedule that Seller has provided to Buyer as of the Execution Date.
Schedule 2-1
SCHEDULE 3
PERMITTING SCHEDULE
Buyer and Seller acknowledge that as of the Execution Date the Project is in an early
stage of development. Buyer and Seller in turn acknowledge that this Schedule 3
represents an approximation of the Permits and scheduled receipt dates necessary for the
performance of Seller’s obligations pursuant to this Agreement, and that other Permits
and scheduled receipt dates necessary for the performance of Seller’s obligations
pursuant to this Agreement may not be known as of the Execution Date. Buyer and
Seller thus agree that this schedule may be revised and supplemented by Seller on a
commercially reasonable basis consistent with Good Utility Practice from time to time to
reflect additional Permits and time periods, and consistent with, and changes in scheduled
dates that are reasonably necessary for and consistent with the performance of Seller’s
obligations pursuant to the Agreement. Seller shall use commercially reasonable good
faith efforts to finalize Schedule 3 by the Effective Date, and to the extent the list of
Permits is not finalized by the Effective Date Seller shall complete such list as soon as
possible thereafter.
Federal Approvals
MMS Meteorological Tower Permit
February 2009
Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)
Approval of tower lighting
July 2010
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS)
Incidental Harassment Authorization (IHA) or
Notice of Non-Applicability
December 2010
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Air Quality Permit
December 2010
U.S. EPA
National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES)
Permit
December 2010
Army Corps of Engineers (ACOE)
Rivers and Harbors Act (RHA) Section 10 and
Clean Water Act (CWA) Section 404 permits
January 2011
U.S. Coast Guard (USCG)
Approval of Private Aids to Navigation
March 2011
Schedule 3-1
Minerals Management Service (MMS)
Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) Lease and Construction Permit
March 2011
State Approvals
State of Delaware, Department of Natural Resources
& Environmental Control (DNREC), Office of the Secretary,
Coastal Zone Act Exemption
September 2010
State of Delaware, DNREC, Coastal Management
Program, Coastal Zone Management Consistency Determination
January 2011
Delaware DNREC, Division of Water Resources
Subaqueous Lease, Wetland and CWA Section 401 Permit
February 2011
Delaware DNREC, Division of Soil and Water Conservation
Coastal Construction Permit and Letter of Authorization
February 2011
Delaware DNREC, Division of Soil and Water Conservation
NPDES Permit
February 2011
Delaware Department of Transportation
Utilities Franchise & Utilities Construction Permits
February 2011
Schedule 3-2
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