Boîtier Dual Flat Lead (DFL) TN53

Boîtier Dual Flat Lead (DFL) TN53
Technical Note 53
Assembly Instructions for Dual Flat Lead Package (DFL)
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of Contents .....................................................................................................................1
1 Objective ..............................................................................................................................2
2 VTI'S Dual Flat Lead Package (DFL) ..................................................................................2
3 DFL Package Outline and Dimensions..............................................................................2
4 Tape and reel specifications ..............................................................................................3
5 Printed Circuit Board (PCB) Level Guidelines ..................................................................4
5.1 PCB design recommendations.................................................................................................4
5.1.1 Land pad design....................................................................................................................4
5.2
Solder paste ...............................................................................................................................4
5.3
Stencil .........................................................................................................................................5
5.4
Paste printing .............................................................................................................................5
5.5
Component picking ...................................................................................................................5
5.6
Component placement ..............................................................................................................5
5.7
Reflow soldering ........................................................................................................................5
5.8
Moisture sensitivity level (MSL) classification........................................................................6
5.9
Inspection ...................................................................................................................................7
6 Hand Soldering Guidelines ................................................................................................8
7 Rework Guidelines ............................................................................................................10
8 Environmental Aspects ....................................................................................................11
9 References.........................................................................................................................11
10 Document Change Control...............................................................................................11
Assembly Instructions for VTI's Dual Flat Lead Package (DFL)
TN53
1
Objective
This document provides general guidelines for Printed Circuit Board (PCB) design and assembly of
VTI's Dual Flat Lead Package (referred as DFL). It should be emphasized that this document
serves only as a design guideline to help develop the optimal assembly conditions. It is essential
that users also use their own manufacturing practices and experience to be able to fulfill the needs
of varying end-use applications.
2
VTI'S Dual Flat Lead Package (DFL)
The DFL package is a surface mounted plastic package, with landpads on two sides of the
package. The package consists of a premolded plastic housing, with a copper based lead frame
having perimeter land pads on the bottom of the package to provide electrical contact to the PCB.
A metal lid is attached to the top of the package. The DFL package is presented in Figure 1.
Metal lid
Top view
Plastic package
Flat leads on two
sides of the plastic
Bottom view
component
Figure 1: Three dimensional views of the Dual Flat Lead package.
3
DFL Package Outline and Dimensions
The outline and dimensions for the 12 lead DFL package are presented in Figure 2.
Figure 2: Outline and dimensions for 12 lead DFL package.
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Assembly Instructions for VTI's Dual Flat Lead Package (DFL)
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4
Tape and reel specifications
Packing tape dimensions are presented in figure 3. The unreeling direction and component polarity
on tape are presented in figure 4.
Figure 3: Packing tape dimensions for the 12 lead DFL Package. Dimensions in millimeters [mm].
Direction of unreeling
Figure 4: Package polarity and unreeling direction on tape.
The reel dimensions are presented in figure 5 and table 1 below. Dimensions in millimeters [mm].
Figure 5: Reel dimensions. All dimensions in millimeters [mm].
Table 1. Packing reel dimensions [mm].
A
N
W1
W2max
M
330
100±1
16.4 (-0/+2.0)
22.4
∅ 13.0 (-0.2/+0.5)
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Assembly Instructions for VTI's Dual Flat Lead Package (DFL)
TN53
5
Printed Circuit Board (PCB) Level Guidelines
5.1
5.1.1
PCB design recommendations
Land pad design
There are two types of land patterns, which are used for surface mounted packages:
1) Non-Solder Mask Defined Pads (NSMD)
2) Solder Mask Defined Pads (SMD).
NSMD pads have an opening which is larger than the pad itself, and SMD pads have a solder
mask opening that is smaller than the metal pad on PCB. For the DFL package, NSMD pads are
preferred, since the copper etching process has tighter process control compared to the solder
mask process.
For optimal soldering and solder joint reliability results of VTI's DFL component, the PCB terminal
pads should be designed larger than the package leads. The PCB land should be extended
0.055mm on both two sides of the component lead. Towards the inside of the package, the PCB
land is recommended to be extended by 0.06mm. Towards the outside of the package, the
recommended extension for the land pad length is 0.14mm. These recommendations for the land
pad design are also presented in Figure 6.
Figure 6: Land pattern design for the 12 lead DFL.
VTI's DFL packages can be soldered on commonly used substrates, e.g. FR-4, ceramic etc. The
pad metallization should be solder wettable in order to assure good quality solder joints. For fine
pitch assembly, the quality of plating is important. Generally used circuit board finishes for fine pitch
SMD soldering are NiAu, OSP, Electroless-Ag and Electroless-Sn.
5.2
Solder paste
The DFL package can be soldered with lead-free SAC (tin-silver-copper) solder. The SAC solder
paste composition should be near eutectic. The melting point of lead-free SAC solder can vary
between 217–221ºC, depending on the composition of solder alloy. In order to guarantee full RoHS
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Assembly Instructions for VTI's Dual Flat Lead Package (DFL)
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compatibility lead-free solder should be used for the soldering of VTI's DFL component. Also
traditional eutectic SnPb solder can be used for soldering the DFL packages if a lead-free process
is not required. With the eutectic SnPb solder, the melting point is 183°C.
A no-clean solder paste is recommended, since the DFL package has no stand off and the
effectiveness of cleaning process is therefore low. Ultrasonic agitation wash is not allowed for VTI's
DFL packaged MEMS components. The solder paste which is used must be suitable for printing it
through the stencil aperture dimensions. Type 3 paste is recommended (grain size 25-45mm).
5.3
Stencil
The solder paste is applied onto the PCB using stencil printing. The stencil thickness and aperture
determines the precise volume of solder paste deposited onto the land pattern. Stencil alignment
accuracy and consistent solder volume transferring are important parameters for achieving uniform
reflow soldering results. Too much solder paste can cause bridging and too little solder paste can
cause insufficient wetting. Generally the stencil thickness needs to be matched to the needs of all
components on the PCB.
For the 12 lead DFL package, the recommended stencil thickness is 150µm.
Stencil apertures in general can be 1:1 to PWB pad sizes, or stencil apertures can be reduced by
5-10% from all sides in regard to the PCB land pad size. This reduction of aperture size can reduce
bridging between solder joints.
5.4
Paste printing
The paste printing speed should be adjusted according to the solder paste specifications. It is
recommended that proper care of printing speed is taken during the paste printing in order to
ensure correct paste amount, shape, position, and other printing characteristics. Neglecting any of
these can cause open solder joints, bridging, solder balling, or other unwanted soldering results.
5.5
Component picking
The DFL package can be picked from the carrier tape using either vacuum assist or mechanical
type pick heads. Typically a vacuum nozzle is used. Pick up nozzles are available in various sizes
and shapes to suit a variety of different component geometries. It is recommended that different
pick up nozzles are tested to find the best one. The polarity of the part must be assured in taping
process. The polarity of the part on tape was presented in Figure 4.
5.6
Component placement
DFL packages must be placed onto the PCB accurately according to their geometry. Positioning
the packages manually is not recommended. Placement should be done with modern automatic
component pick & place machinery using vision systems. Recognition of the packages
automatically by a vision system enables correct centering of packages. Pin #1 is indexed by a
faceted corner in the package was shown in figure 2.
5.7
Reflow soldering
A forced convection reflow oven is recommended to be used for soldering DFL components. IRbased reflow ovens are not generally suitable for lead-free soldering. Figure 7 presents a general
forced convection reflow solder profile and it also shows the typical phases of a reflow process.
The reflow profile used for soldering the DFL package should always follow the solder paste
manufacturer's specifications and recommended profile. The typical ramp-up rate is 3°C/second
max. The reflow max. peak temperature (measured from the component body) should not exceed
260°C. The ramp down rate should be 6°C/second max. If washing process is done after the
soldering process, it must be noted that ultrasonic agitation wash after reflow is not allowed for
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Assembly Instructions for VTI's Dual Flat Lead Package (DFL)
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VTI's DFL packaged MEMS components. As mentioned before (section 5.2) a no-clean paste is
recommended.
Figure 7: Typical convection reflow soldering phases and profile.
The process window for lead-free soldering is narrower than for traditional eutectic SnPb solders.
Thus, caution has to be taken care when adjusting the reflow profiles. The reflow profile should be
measured using a thermo-couple measurement system. It is recommended to use at least three
thermo-couples, depending on the application. As a general guide, one thermo-couple should be
placed under a component having the largest thermal mass, one next to the smallest component,
one should be in contact with DFL component's solder joint, and others to the appropriate spots on
a circuit board, e.g. corner, center, bottom of the board etc. The reflow profile should be adjusted
according to the measured data so that each solder joint experiences an optimal reflow profile. The
temperature gradient should be as small as possible across the circuit board. Extreme caution has
to be taken if the circuit board contains components with highly different thermal masses.
5.8
Moisture sensitivity level (MSL) classification
The Moisture Sensitivity Level of the DFL component is Level 3 according to the IPC/JEDEC JSTD-020C. The part is delivered in a dry pack. The manufacturing floor time (out of bag) at the
customer’s end is 168 hours. Maximum soldering peak temperature for the DFL package is
260°C/40sec, measured from the package body.
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Assembly Instructions for VTI's Dual Flat Lead Package (DFL)
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5.9
Inspection
Optical and visual inspection of solder joints can be done only partly, since the solder joints are
partly located underneath the DFL component itself. A visual inspection of the solder joints with
conventional AOI (automatic optical inspection) system is limited to the outer surfaces of solder
joints. Figure 8 shows photos of the soldered DFL component on PCB.
Figure 8: Soldered DFL component on PCB. Solder joints are partly located underneath the
DFL component itself.
X-ray inspection is a recommended inspection method for being able to check the complete solder
joint area for solder bridges or short-circuits between solder pads. The X-ray inspection systems
vary from manual to fully automated optical inspection systems. X-ray can be used for sample
based process control, but it can also be implemented as an automatic in-line control. X-ray
inspection can also be used to establish and optimize the component assembly process
parameters.
Cross-sectional analysis is also an approved method to inspect how well solder has wetted the
pads of component. Cross-sectional analysis is not used for production inspection, but if required, it
can be used to establish and optimize the component assembly process parameters. Crosssectioning is a destructive inspection method. An example of a DFL solder joint cross-section in
presented in Figure 9.
Figure 9: Cross-section of the DFL package lead's solder joint.
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Assembly Instructions for VTI's Dual Flat Lead Package (DFL)
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6
Hand Soldering Guidelines
For hand soldering of the DFL component, VTI recommends eutectic tin-lead solder due to the
lower melting point compared to lead-free solders. Generally the hand soldering of the DFL
component can be done in two different ways:
Method A: Soldering of components with tin wire and soldering iron
Method B: Soldering by applying solder paste onto PCB land pads and then using reflow heating
or soldering iron to melt the paste and achieve the soldered joint.
To make the manual hand soldering with soldering iron easier, VTI recommends increasing the
PCB land pads length toward the outside of the package by up to 1mm, as shown in Figure 10
below. This extra area is helpful when soldering iron is being used. The two methods for hand
soldering are presented in more detail below.
1mm pad
lengthening
Figure 10: Recommended PWB land pad lengthening for hand soldering.
METHOD A: Soldering of components with soldering iron
1. Place the DFL component onto the PCB
2. Use the tin wire and soldering iron to solder the component onto PCB. Do not touch the
package plastic body with the soldering iron, soldering iron should touch only the PCB pad and
through that the heat should be conducted to the tin wire and component lead. This is
presented in Figures 11 & 12. Flux can be used to ease the soldering process.
Figures 11 & 12: Using tin wire and soldering iron for hand soldering.
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Assembly Instructions for VTI's Dual Flat Lead Package (DFL)
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METHOD B: Soldering by applying solder paste and then using reflow heating or soldering
iron
1. Apply the solder paste onto the PCB land pads. The paste can be applied by two different
methods.
-
Manual solder paste printing through a stencil with normal openings designed for the
DFL component. Printed solder paste on the PCB pads is presented in Figure 13.
-
Needle dispensing of solder paste manually onto the PCB pads. VTI recommends use
of a microscope in manual solder paste dispensing. Dispensing needle tip size can be
0.12"-0.16".
Figure 13: Solder paste on PCB land pads (Note: In this photo the solder pads are not extended).
2. Place the component gently on top of the solder paste. To avoid solder bridging, push only very
gently on top of the component.
3. i) Melt the solder paste by putting the part through reflow oven or ii) by using soldering iron as
mentioned in the previous part. When using soldering iron, do not touch the package plastic
body, soldering iron should touch only the extension in the PCB's land pad through that the
heat should be conducted to melt the solder paste and then form the solder joint to the
component lead. See figure 14 for details.
Extended land pad area, where
soldering iron should touch
Figure 14: Solder paste on PCB land pads.
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Assembly Instructions for VTI's Dual Flat Lead Package (DFL)
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7
Rework Guidelines
There are several rework systems on the market. Some will heat solder joints directly from the
sides of component package, while others will direct heat on the top of component. Occasionally,
very rough rework methods are used such as hand placement and heating with a soldering iron.
However, these rough methods are not suitable for VTI's DFL components. The heat flow of hot-air
convection should be directed at the edge and under the component body directly to the solder
joints and component pad areas. The package has a limited thermal conductivity and thus, a
horizontal flow method, a conduction method, or a conduction heating from the top of the package
to the solder joints should not be used.
Prior to the rework process, PCBs and components should be free from moisture. If necessary,
baking and drying processes should be performed.
The reflow profile for the component removal should be similar to the initial reflow. A carefully
adjusted reflow profile is essential for the successful rework operation. A proper reflow profile
should be measured with thermo-couples. During the reflow profiling, at least the solder joints, the
top of the component, and the bottom of the PCB should be monitored. If there are other
components near the component to be reworked, the temperatures of those should also be
monitored. The bottom side heating of the PCB is recommended in order to reduce the PCB
warpage during the rework operation.
Once the solder joints have been fully melted, the component can be carefully removed from the
PCB. The common rework methods for the component removal can be used, i.e. a vacuum nozzle
etc. It is absolutely necessary to ensure the complete melting of the solder joints before the
component lifting. If the solder joints are not fully melted before the lifting operation, pad damage
may occur on the PCB and the component.
After the component is removed, the pad areas of the PCB should be cleaned using common
rework methods. These include the applying of a rework flux, an excess solder and flux removal
using a vacuum solder removal tool or a solder wick and a soldering iron with a wide chisel tip, and
the cleaning of solder pads with alcohol and brush. The PCB cleaning process should be
performed gently as too high force or a scrubbing motion can cause pad lifting and trace damage.
If the component reuse is desired, it should be carefully inspected for a potential damage, solder
residues should be removed, and the pads should be cleaned. Prior to the placement of a
replacement component on to the reworked PCB, a solder paste should be applied on the cleaned
PCB pads. Suitable methods for applying the solder paste are the usage of a micro-stencil or the
dispensing of the solder paste. If the micro-stencil is used, it should be cleaned after each paste
application to prevent clogging. For the solder paste and the stencil, the same guidelines as for the
initial reflow process should be used.
The accurate alignment of the component is an important process step thought the surface tension
of the solder during the reflow step will help with the self-alignment. The use of a split-vision
alignment system is recommended to ensure the precise alignment of the component to the PCB.
The "Z" placement force should be carefully controlled in order to prevent the solder bridging.
The same reflow profile, as for the component removal, can be used for the re-attachment of the
replacement component as long as all solder joints will fully melt and properly wet the contact
areas. Otherwise, a new and proper reflow profile must be developed and measured from the
solder joints. The reworked PCBs should be allowed to cool to the room temperature. The PCBs
and the components should be inspected after the rework process for possible defects. The use of
X-ray inspection techniques can be used to verify the success of the rework process.
It should be noted, that the performance and the reliability of the reworked component may have
decreased due to the rework operation.
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Assembly Instructions for VTI's Dual Flat Lead Package (DFL)
TN53
8
Environmental Aspects
VTI Technologies respects environmental values and thus, its DFL packages are lead-free and
RoHS compatible. VTI Technologies’ sensors should be soldered with lead-free solders in order to
guarantee full RoHS compatibility.
9
References
JEDEC / Electronic Industries Alliance, Inc. Moisture/ReflowSensitivity Classification for NonHermetic Solid State Surface Mount Devices (J-STD-020C).
10 Document Change Control
Version
Date
Change Description
1.0
1.1
1.2
1.3
19.06.2006
25.9.2006
13.2.2007
03.11.2010
First release
Tape&Reel, MSL classification and Rework chapters added.
Minor changes in chapter 5.7. regarding reflow soldering details
Typo on page 5 corrected( stencil thickness is 150mm,corrected to
150µm)
VTI Technologies reserves all rights to modify this document without prior notice.
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