See detailed descriptions of eligible and ineligible services here.

See detailed descriptions of eligible and ineligible services here.
 Schools and Libraries Universal Service Support Mechanism Eligible Services List CC Docket No. 02‐6; GN Docket No. 09‐51 Released: September 27, 2012 The Federal Communications Commission’s rules provide that all services that are eligible for
to receive discounts under the Schools and Libraries Universal Service Support Mechanism
(otherwise known as the E-rate program or “E-rate”) are listed in this Eligible Services List
(ESL). The E-rate program is administered by the Universal Service Administrative Company
(USAC).
Background:
The E-rate program provides eligible schools and libraries discounts for eligible
services and products. Consistent with prior years, in each category the ESL first
lists the services and products that are eligible for funding, and then lists the
services and products that are not eligible for funding. Under the E-rate program, Erate funds are allocated according to rules of priority, with first priority given to
requests for telecommunications services, telecommunications, and Internet access
services; these services are listed in the “Priority One” section of the ESL. The
remaining available funds are allocated to requests for support for internal
connections and basic maintenance of internal connections; these services are listed
in the “Priority Two” section of this ESL. There is also a Miscellaneous section, and at
the end of this ESL, a Special Eligibility Conditions section and a Glossary, providing
additional information and definitions for many of the terms used herein.
Note on FCC Form 471. For Block 5 of the FCC Form 471, for Priority One services,
applicants must indicate the services they select as a Priority One
Telecommunications Service or Priority One Internet Access. The applicant may
select one or the other category depending on the provider of the service (i.e., if the
service is one that could be requested as a telecommunications service or Internet
access, but the applicant checks “Telecommunications Services” on Block 5, the
service needs to be provided by a “telecommunications carrier” (see “Special
Regulatory Requirements” in the Special Eligibility Conditions section below)). After
an applicant has complied with E-rate competitive bidding requirements and selected
its vendors, it may consult with each vendor about which service category in Block 5
of the FCC Form 471 the applicant should use in describing the service the vendor
will be providing. See also “Administrative Convenience” below for additional
information regarding combined service offerings.
Administrative Convenience. Some service offerings provide a combination of both
Internet access and telecommunications services, which are both Priority One
services. For example, a service provider may offer local phone service, long
distance service, and Internet access for one price. For administrative convenience,
such a combined offering, if provided by a telecommunications carrier, may be
requested in the telecommunications services category of service on the FCC Form
471. Alternatively, funding may be requested as two separate requests, with the
price of the offering appropriately allocated between the telecommunications services
and Internet access categories.
CIPA Reminder. The funding of Internet access in the telecommunications services
category does not relieve applicants of complying with the requirements of the
Children’s Internet Protection Act (CIPA) if the service request includes Internet
access.
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 1
Additional information about eligibility requirements is available at USAC’s website at
http://www.usac.org/sl/, the reference area of the USAC website at
http://www.usac.org/sl/tools/reference-area.aspx, and in Schools and Libraries
News-briefs available at http://www.usac.org/sl/tools/news-briefs/Default.aspx.
These documents are not incorporated by reference into the Eligible Services List.
This List, dated September 27, 2012 may represent a change from prior funding
years and applies to funding requests for Funding Year 2013.
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 2
Priority One
This section lists the Priority One telecommunications services, telecommunications,
and Internet access services, and other Priority One services for which E-rate
applicants may seek discounts.
Support is also available for maintenance and technical support appropriate to
maintain reliable operation when provided as a component of these services. Please
see the Miscellaneous section of this document for additional entries applicable to
these services, such as charges for installation and configuration.
Function
Digital
Transmission
Services
Description
Digital transmission services provide transmission from an eligible
school or library facility to other locations beyond the school or
library. Such services generally refer to data links that connect
multiple points using any available technology. An eligible digital
transmission service may be used to connect an eligible location
to the Internet or Internet2. Digital transmission services used to
link local networks are commonly called “wide area networks”
(WANs).
Eligible digital transmission technologies include, but are not
limited to:
 Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM)
 Broadband over Power Lines (BPL)
 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)
 DS-1, DS-3
 Ethernet
 Fiber
 Frame Relay
 Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN, BRI, PRI)
 OC-1, OC-3, OC-12, OC-n
 Satellite service
 Switched Multimegabit Data Service (SMDS)
 T-1, T-3, Fractional T-1
 Wireless
Components required as an integral part of a digital transmission
service are eligible for discount, such as:
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costs of a permanent virtual circuit (PVC)
costs of trunk lines
reasonable installation costs
-The telecommunications component of:
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a distance learning capability
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video, or
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interactive television, is eligible for discount.
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 3
Priority One
In addition, the telecommunications component of voice or video
conferencing services that provide a means for multiple users to
participate in group discussions may be eligible if the services are
limited only to eligible educational or library purposes.
E-mail Service
E-mail service is eligible. E-mail service may be included in the
cost of Internet access (listed above) or may be provided at a
separate cost, either as a fixed charge and/or on a per-user or
other basis.
Some e-mail services may include substantial ineligible features,
such as collaboration tools, and services to ineligible users.
Funding is limited strictly to the eligible portion of an electronic
mail service (i.e., the part of the service that provides for the
transmission of text messages and other information). E-mail
archiving is not eligible for discount.
Fiber or Dark Fiber
Lit or dark fiber, provided by any entity, including a nontelecommunications carrier, is eligible. Dark fiber is eligible as
long as applicants light the fiber immediately.
Certain maintenance and installation costs are also eligible,
including charges for installation of dark fiber within the property
line. For leased lit fiber, all special construction charges are
eligible. When lit fiber is leased as telecommunications, the
modulating electronics included as part of that service is eligible
as telecommunications.
Applicants should apply for the fiber service as Internet access, if
they select a non-telecommunications carrier to provide the fiber.
Funding requests for fiber must be submitted in the Internet
Access category of service if the service will not be provided by a
telecommunications carrier.
Interconnected
Voice Over
Internet Protocol
Costs to subscribe to interconnected Voice Over Internet Protocol
(VoIP) are generally eligible for E-rate discounts.
Internet Access
Support in this funding category is generally only available for
basic conduit access to the Internet but is not available for
content, equipment purchased by applicants, and services beyond
basic conduit access to the Internet. Basic conduit access to the
Internet may be used for access to Internet-based distance
learning and video conferencing services. Basic conduit Access
technologies include but are not limited to:
 Broadband over Power Lines (BPL)-enabled Internet access
service
 Cable Modem
 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)
 Fiber/Dark Fiber
 Satellite service
 Telephone dial-up
 T-1 lines
 Wireless (For more details see the entry for “Wireless
Internet access”)
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 4
Priority One
Eligible Internet access may include features typically provided for
when provided as a standard component of a vendor’s Internet
access service. Such features may include:
Domain Name Service, Dynamic Host Configuration, and basic
Firewall protection against unauthorized use and access. Firewall
protection may not be provided by a vendor other than the
Internet access provider and may not be priced out separately.
A Wide Area Network can be eligible for funding as a part of
Internet access if the service is limited to basic conduit access to
the Internet.
Paging
Paging services are eligible when integral, immediate, and
proximate to the education of students.
Telephone Service
Costs to subscribe to a telephone service are generally eligible for
discount, including the costs for the following telephone services:

800 service, e.g., a toll-free telephone number for students
to contact school regarding questions about homework
 Centrex
 Local phone service
 Long distance telephone service
 POTS (“Plain Old Telephone Service”)
 Radio loop
 Satellite
 Wireless telephone services, e.g., cellular service and
Personal Communications Services (PCS)
o See the Internet Access category for the eligibility
of Wireless Internet access/e-mail plans for portable
electronics
Shared telephone service (only that portion of the shared
service relating to the eligible use and location may receive
discounts)
Various payment options may be used with these eligible services,
and phone bills may include billing terms, such as, flat rate, local
measured service, and message rate service. Phone calling cards
may also be eligible, if they are used for an educational purpose.
Service to an eligible location for educational or library purposes
can provide voice communication, fax connections, modem
connections, 911 or an alarm.
Telephone Service
Components
Telephone features indicated in this section are eligible for
discount if they are a component part of a telephone service.
Generally, this requirement means that these charges will appear
on the same bill as the telephone service itself.
 900\976 Call blocking
 Text messaging
 Custom calling services
 Direct Inward Dialing (DID)
 Directory assistance charges
An inside wire maintenance plan is eligible as a component part of
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 5
Priority One
a telephone service only if charges are minimal.
Voice Mail Service
A voice mail service is eligible.
Voice mail equipment may be requested in the Internal
Connections category of service, but funding is not available for
end user products, such as answering machines.
Web Hosting
A web hosting service that provides a means for a school or
library to maintain a website on the Internet is eligible. This will
include storage, access, and website administration tools for the
creation and maintenance of the website. In addition, web
hosting may include password-protected pages, interactive
communication features such as blogging and webmail, and other
features that facilitate real-time interactive communication, such
as instant messaging and chat.
Note:Domain name registration is also eligible if it is necessary for
the creation of a school or library website.
Wireless Internet
Access
A wireless Internet access service is eligible under the same
provisions as wired access to the Internet.
A wireless Internet access service designed for portable electronic
devices is eligible if used for educational purposes. Off-campus
use must be removed by cost allocation. Applications (including
GPS) for wireless devices are not eligible for discount.
Service/Data charges dedicated solely to the provision of these
applications are not eligible and require cost allocation.
Mobile hotspot service designed for portable electronics is eligible
if used for educational purposes. Off-campus use must be
removed by cost-allocation. Hardware costs of the mobile hotspot
embedded in or connected to the end-user device are not eligible.
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 6
Priority One
NOT Eligible for Erate Funding as a
Priority One
service
The following charges are NOT ELIGIBLE for E-rate support:
-End User Equipment. Support is not available for end-user
equipment.
-Ineligible Fiber Costs. Special construction charges to build out
dark fiber connections from an applicant’s facilities to an offpremises fiber network are NOT eligible. Special construction
charges include design and engineering costs, project
management costs, digging trenches and laying fiber.
-Modulating Equipment. The purchase and ownership of
modulating electronics associated with lighting dark fiber is NOT
eligible as Priority One telecommunications but if it is on premises,
it may be eligible under the priority two internal connections
category if it meets the definition of internal connections.
Modulating electronics on applicant-leased dark fiber that is
leaving the school premises is NOT eligible.
-Dark Fiber Warehousing. Applicants are also not permitted to
use E-rate discounts to acquire unneeded capacity or warehouse
dark fiber for future use.
-The non-telecommunications components of a distance learning
service, video service, or interactive television service, such as a
scheduling service or services for creation, maintenance, and
storage of content are not eligible.
-Services that provide voice, video, or data connectivity
exclusively within school or library grounds are not eligible for
Priority One funding but may be eligible as Internal Connections
- Services to ineligible locations are not eligible.
- Applications (including GPS) for wireless devices are not eligible
for discount. Charges for services used solely for the provision of
these applications are not eligible.
-Other ineligible charges.
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End-user equipment
900\976 service
Broadcast “Blast” Messaging
Direct Broadcast and other services that provide broadcast
content or cable television
Directory advertising
Extra costs for directory listings
Payphone
Reverse directory assistance
Charges for creation, configuration, or maintenance of
content
Services that go beyond telecommunications services ,
such as monitoring services for 911, or an alarm telephone
line
Telephone services that connect to a residential facility or
home, except as allowed by the Commission in FCC 10-175
for the residential areas of residential schools that serve
unique populations
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 7
Priority One
-Ineligible charges related to Internet access.
 Internet access that provides features or content that go
beyond basic conduit access to the Internet including
specialized services such as Virtual Private Network
services
 Charges for creation, configuration, or maintenance of
content
 Internet content or charges for the creation or display of
information. Applicants may accept an Internet Access
service with minimal content included if the content meets
the limitations for Ancillary Use. (See Special Eligibility
Conditions below for further information on Ancillary Use.)
 Online backup solutions
 Costs attributable to the creation or modification of
information, or design such as a web site creation fee or
content maintenance fees.
 Charges to access Internet content or limited-access
information
 Charges for distance learning or video conferencing
utilities, such as web meetings or online collaboration
solutions, even if provided via the Internet
 Software, services, or systems used to create or edit
Internet content
 Internet2 membership fees or dues
 Training regarding the use of the Internet
 Costs for training provided via the Internet
 Electronic library/on-line public access and associated
software
Separate pricing for the following components when not included
in the standard configuration of an Internet access service are
also NOT ELIGIBLE:
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Caching
Content filtering
Web Casting
-Ineligible charges related to web hosting
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Costs attributable to the creation or modification of
information, or design such as a web site creation fee or
content maintenance fees.
Content supplied as part of a web hosting service created
by third-party vendors or the web hosting service provider
itself and any features or software involving data input or
retrieval other than the provision of applicant-created
content for an educational purpose (e.g. teacher web
pages or blogs).
The parts of a web hosting service including, but not
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 8
Priority One
limited to, any portion of tools, capabilities or integration
with other systems such as: Student Information Systems
(SIS); databases; student attendance or grades or grade
management; course scheduling; tests or testing systems;
on-line/interactive education systems; and
learning/education management systems. (An eligible web
hosting service will also not include support for the
applications necessary to run online classes or collaborative
meetings).
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 9
Priority One
Priority Two: Internal Connections
Eligibility Requirements for All Internal Connections:
Internal Connections are components located at the applicant site that are
necessary to transport information to classrooms, publicly accessible rooms of
a library, and to eligible administrative areas or buildings. Internal
Connections include connections within, between or among instructional
buildings that comprise a school campus or library branch, but do not include
services that extend beyond the school campus or library branch.
Components at the applicant site are eligible only if they are an essential
element in the transmission of information within the school or library. The
components must be necessary to transport information to the individual
classrooms or public areas of a library.
Internal Connections do not include services that extend across a public rightof-way beyond the school or library facility.
Funding for Internal Connections is subject to the provisions of the “Two-inFive Rule.”
Function
Cabling/
Connectors
Description
Cabling, connectors, and related components used for eligible
voice, video, and data transmission within an eligible location
are eligible for discount. Eligible components include:
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Cable (e.g., copper, fiber, coax, twisted pair)
Connectors
Jacks, panels, faceplates and wire managers
Conduit and raceway
Other cabling components necessary to transport
information to the individual classrooms or public
areas of a library.
Consumable components are eligible only when included as
part of the original installation of eligible components.
Eligibility limitations
If cabling or cabling components are used for both eligible
and ineligible purposes, the cost of the ineligible portion must
be cost allocated.
Circuit Cards/
Components
Circuit cards and related components, such as memory
modules/Random Access Memory (RAM), are eligible if they
are necessary for adequate performance of an eligible
component, for example, an eligible PBX, router, or server.
Network interface cards that are separately priced or used in
eligible equipment are eligible.
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 10
Internal Connections
Processors and a processor terminator card are eligible if used
in an eligible component.
Phone modems may be eligible if used with an eligible server
or other eligible device for providing remote dial-in network
access, if the remote access is limited to connections from
eligible locations.
Data
Distribution
Components used to transport information from
telecommunication or Internet access facilities to the
individual classrooms or public areas of a library are eligible.
Such components may include:
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Access Points used in a LAN environment
Hubs
Multiplexers used as part of a LAN
Network Switches are eligible for discount when used
for an eligible purpose
Routers are eligible for a discount when used for an
eligible purpose
Wireless LAN Controllers
Voice/Video over IP components are eligible as Internal
Connections.
Components such as those indicated above are typically
configured into a local area network or wireless area network.
Some products may have modules or features that are not
eligible, (e.g., content filtering, network management, and
caching). If these ineligible components are available
separately, or the applicant specifically seeks the ineligible
functions, their cost must be subtracted from the amount
eligible for discount.
Data Protection
Data protection components are used to ensure the continued
operation of eligible equipment by protecting equipment and
computer files from environmental or security hazards. The
following components are eligible if used to provide basic and
reasonable measures for data protection:
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Firewall
Proxy Server
Tape Backup when used as part of an eligible server
Virtual Private Network
Tape backup cartridge units are eligible when used as
part of an eligible server. A cartridge included with a
tape backup may be provided as an integral
component of the backup unit, if the cartridge is part
of the standard product configuration and provided at
no additional cost.
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 11
Internal Connections
An Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS)/Battery Backup that
protects eligible equipment is eligible as a data protection
component, but no funding will be provided for UPS systems
that can provide continued backup power for substantial
periods in excess of that necessary for basic power protection.
The following components used for the reliable operation of a
UPS are eligible:

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Interfaces,
Gateways,
Antennas
UPS Interface Expander
Relay I/O Module
Interfaces, gateways, and antennas represent miscellaneous
components that are eligible when used for an eligible
purpose to transport information from telecommunications or
Internet access facilities to the individual classrooms or public
areas of a library.
The following components are generally eligible:
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Bridge
Cable Modem (but not for receipt of cable TV service;
may also be leased as part of Internet access service)
Channel Service Unit/Data Service Unit (CSU (may
also be leased as part of Priority One service)
Copper-to-Fiber
FRAD
Gateway
Interface/Edge Device
Network Interface Device
Media Converter
Terminal Adapter
Transreceiver
Voice/Fax network module
Eligibility limitations for antennas
Antennas and related components, such as satellite dishes
used for eligible purposes, are eligible for discount if they are
priced separately on a contract or are sold separately.
Antennas embedded in ineligible equipment such as computer
workstations are not eligible.
While an antenna Masts that supports eligible Internal
Connections is eligible, large antenna towers are not eligible
as Internal Connections.
Servers
Computers used as servers or similar centralized functions are
eligible if the use is necessary to transport information to the
individual classrooms or public areas of a library.
A server may be eligible depending on how it is used. An
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 12
Internal Connections
eligible server must serve as a conduit for information rather
than as a source for content. Servers typically provide
multiple functions. If servers are used for both eligible and
ineligible purposes, the cost of the ineligible portion must be
removed by cost allocation. The following servers are
eligible:
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Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)
Domain Name Service (DNS)
E-mail
Firewall, or Proxy Server
The following servers are eligible only in certain cases:
Remote Access Components— Eligible if steps are taken to
ensure that remote access is limited to connections from
eligible locations. Remote access cannot be provided to
homes or other non-school or non-library sites, other
than eligible school-based residences and dorms.
Terminal Server— Eligible to the extent that the use meets
the other eligible server types indicated in this section,
but not eligible as a source for ineligible software
applications or other ineligible uses.
Web Server— Eligible if used to display content to users of
the Internet, but not eligible as a source for software
applications, database functions, or storage of end-user
files.
One monitor per eligible server or other eligible component
requiring a visual display is eligible for discount. However,
special-purpose devices, such as large screen monitors, are
not eligible.
A KVM switch (“keyboard-video-mouse” switch) is eligible if
cost-effective in comparison to the individual components
necessary.
Software
Specific types of computer Software are eligible for discount.
Operating system software, such as network operating
system software required to obtain operation of an eligible
component, is eligible, including functionality provided with
the core operating system at no cost. Additional software
products available separately that provide optional
operational features are not eligible for discount.
E-mail software that is a server-based, shared product is
eligible. If such a software product provides substantial
additional functionality that is not eligible, such as archiving,
database, workflow, or groupware features, only the e-mail
portion of the product is eligible and the cost of the ineligible
portion must be cost allocated.
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 13
Internal Connections
E-mail software or other eligible components that include
content filtering as an integral component part are eligible,
but a separately priced content filtering module or product is
not eligible.
Software for a server-based, shared voice mail system is
eligible.
Software for server based, VoIP user licenses are eligible.
Client Access Licenses for eligible software products are
eligible
Virtualization software that is a server based, shared product
is eligible if used for an eligible server function. If such a
software product is used for or provides substantial
functionality that is ineligible, such as archiving, applications,
network management, a cost allocation to remove the
ineligible functionalities is required.
Storage Devices
Storage devices provide electronic data storage on magnetic
or other media. Devices include hard disk drives, CD ROM
drives, DVD drives, and floppy disk drives.
Storage products may be used to store the operating system
of an eligible product, such as a network server used for an
eligible purpose. (See the entry for Servers for further
information.) In addition, storage products may be used for
eligible e-mail files but not for e-mail archiving.
An eligible server or other eligible component that provides a
storage product, such as a DVD drive, as an integral
component part, at no additional cost, is eligible.
Telephone
Components
Centralized components that are an essential element in the
transport of telephone services within a school or library are
eligible. This includes:
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Private Branch Exchange (PBX)
Key System (KSU)
Voice Mail
Wireless
VoIP Telephony Equipment
In addition, the following features are also eligible:
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Automatic Route Selection (ARS)
E911 Reader Board
Voice Compression Module
Voice Interface Card
One switchboard/attendant console necessary for operation of
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 14
Internal Connections
each eligible PBX or eligible Centrex telephone service is
eligible.
An intercom system that is an integral component of a PBX or
other eligible product that is included in the cost of the
eligible component is eligible
Video
Components
Centralized video necessary to transport information to the
individual classrooms or public areas of a library are eligible.
This includes:
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CODEC
Master Control Unit
Multipoint Control Unit
PVBX
Video Amplifier
Video Channel Modulator
Enhanced Multimedia Interface
Equipment that is used to control the programming,
distribution, and selection of video content may be eligible, if
used in the transport of information to individual classrooms
or public areas of a library. However, such components are
not eligible if used in end-user equipment and/or are operated
directly by end-users.
Other Eligible
Internal
Connections
Components
Documentation in hard copy or electronic form is eligible for
discount if it is basic and is provided as part of the purchase
of eligible components.
Racks are eligible only to the extent that the components they
contain are eligible. A surge protector provided as an integral
component of a rack or cabinet, without a separately
identifiable cost can be included in the cost of the rack or
cabinet, but a separately priced surge protector is not eligible.
System improvements and upgrades to eligible components
are eligible for discount. Memory upgrades, for example, to
eligible servers are eligible, but memory upgrades would not
be eligible in end-user workstations.
Please see the Miscellaneous section of this document for
additional entries applicable to Internal Connections, such as
charges for installation and configuration.
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 15
Internal Connections
NOT Eligible for
E-rate Funding
as Internal
Connections
Components
Products and services are only eligible as Internal
Connections if they are an essential element in the
transmission of information within the school or library.
The following components are NOT ELIGIBLE:
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Asbestos removal
Broadcast
Electrical system upgrades
Multimedia content, such as encyclopedias on CD
ROM, video information, etc., and also multimedia kits
Intercom and public address (PA) system
Spare parts
External speakers (except when provided at no cost as
an integral part of an eligible component)
Test Equipment
Consumable Kits which contain installation tools
Wiring and components providing electrical service or
for radio or television broadcast or cable services
Network interface cards that are embedded in
ineligible equipment (such as end-user equipment) or
included in the pricing for ineligible equipment
Phone modems that are provided in or with end-user
equipment, or used to provide dial-in access from
ineligible locations such as homes or other non-school
or non-library sites
Lightning Arrestor
Surge Protector
Power Distribution Units
Power Strips
Disaster Recovery
Environmental Monitoring
Components that are installed in standby mode,
redundant, not active and online, or otherwise not an
essential element in the transmission of information
within the school or library
Ineligible Servers:
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Storage of application software, databases accessed
by end users, or end-user files other than e-mail files
End-user personal computers/workstations, even if the
device also provides server functionality
Caching server and print server. (However, caching
and print server features provided by the core network
operating system may be utilized if the principal
function of the server is for other purposes that are
eligible).
Laptop (presumed to not be eligible because a laptop
is typically used as an end user workstation).
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 16
Internal Connections
Ineligible Software:
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All end-user software such as curriculum and
productivity software
Softphones for VoIP
Application Software other than server-based, shared
e-mail
Software used to develop new applications
Network management software
Operating system software for end-user computers
Security software/Utility software, such as anti-virus
and anti-spam software
Client Access Licenses for ineligible software products
Ineligible Storage:
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
Devices used to supplement storage requirements of
personal computers on a network. For example,
storage devices are not eligible if used to store the
following information: end-user files other than
eligible e-mail files; application software; other
ineligible software; archival information including
archived e-mail files; caching information
Storage devices in end-user components, such as enduser computer workstations
Consumable storage, such as floppy disks, recordable
CD ROM media, and cartridge magnetic tape
Video Content Storage
Ineligible Data Protection Components:




Intrusion Detection/Intrusion Prevention
Online Backup Solutions
Tape backup cartridge units when part of a PC or
workstation
Cost of purchasing additional or separate tapes
Ineligible Interfaces, Gateways, Antennas:
Antennas and other components used for the receipt of overthe-air radio and television broadcast signals or for radio
signals from cable television operators.
Ineligible Telephone Components:






Automatic Call Distribution System (ACD)
Call Accounting System
Call Sequencer
Homework Hotline
Station Message Detail Recording (SMDR)
An intercom or public address system
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 17
Internal Connections
Ineligible End-user Equipment:












Computer workstations including personal computers
and laptops
End-user telephone sets
Fax machine
Cameras
Microphones
Videotape recorders
Personal digital assistants, smartphones, and tablets
CD/DVD player
Pager
Two-way radio
End-user Telephones and end-user voice mail such as
answering machines are not eligible. In addition,
telephone components not essential for the transport
of telephone services within the school or library are
not eligible (unless included as an integral component
of a standard product offering for an eligible product,
at no additional cost).
Interactive White Boards
Ineligible Video Components:


End-user video equipment and equipment for the
creation of video content is not eligible for discount.
Examples include video monitors, televisions, video
cameras, and video recorders and playback devices.
Broadcast and cable television equipment used for the
display or distribution of broadcast and cable television
signals
See the Miscellaneous section of this document for
additional entries applicable to Internal Connections. For
example, finance charges and termination charges are not
eligible.
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 18
Internal Connections
Priority Two: Basic Maintenance of Internal Connections
Basic maintenance of internal connections (BMIC) ensures the necessary and
continued operation of eligible internal connection components at eligible locations.
Funding will be provided for the eligible portion of a technical support contract that
includes services that exceed BMIC, if the ineligible portion of the contract can be
cost allocated. Technical support contracts that cannot be cost allocated to remove
costs that are beyond BMIC, are ineligible in their entirety.
All requests in this category are for services to be delivered within the July 1 to June
30 Funding Year.
Although Internal Connections is subject to the provisions of the “Two-in-Five Rule,”
this rule does not apply to Basic Maintenance of Internal Connections (“BMIC”).
Maintenance
and Technical
Support of
Internal
Connections
Necessary basic maintenance services are defined as follows:
“but for the maintenance at issue, the connection would not
function and serve its intended purpose with the degree of
reliability ordinarily provided in the marketplace to entities
receiving such services without E-rate discounts.” 47 C.F.R. §
54.506(b). The following basic maintenance services are
eligible:




Repair and upkeep of eligible hardware
Wire and cable maintenance
Basic technical support
Configuration changes
Basic maintenance is eligible for discount only if it is a
component of a maintenance agreement or contract for eligible
components. The agreement or contract must specifically
identify the eligible components covered, including product
name, model number, and location. Reimbursements for BMIC
will be paid for the actual work performed under the agreement
or contract.
NOT Eligible
for E-rate
Funding as
Basic
Maintenance of
Internal
Connections
The following products and services are NOT ELIGIBLE:




Unbundled Warranties, including prepaid retainers for
service that may not actually need to be performed.
On-site technical support (i.e., contractor duty station at
the applicant site) when off-site technical support can
provide basic maintenance on an as-needed basis,
unless applicants present sufficient evidence
demonstrating that on-site technical support is more
cost-effective than utilizing off-site support.
Services such as network management and 24-hour
network monitoring.
Help desks that provide a comprehensive level of
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 19
Basic Maintenance of Internal Connections
support beyond basic maintenance of only eligible
components.
In addition, software Client Access Licenses are not eligible as
Basic Maintenance. However, Client Access Licenses for
eligible software products may be eligible in the Internal
Connections funding category.
Eligible basic maintenance does not include services to
maintain ineligible equipment, to enhance the utility of
equipment beyond the transport of information, or to provide
diagnostic services in excess of those necessary to maintain
the equipment’s ability to transport information.
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 20
Basic Maintenance of Internal Connections
Miscellaneous
Additional miscellaneous services associated with Priority One and Priority Two
services are eligible for funding. When requesting these services on the FCC Form
471, applicants should list these miscellaneous services in the same category as the
product or service being installed or obtained—Telecommunications Services,
Internet Access, Internal Connections, or Basic Maintenance of Internal Connections.
The miscellaneous services and products in this section related to
Telecommunications should be requested in the Telecommunications Services or
Internet Access category, depending upon the nature of the service provider.
Product Type
(Function)
Installation and
Configuration
Description
Installation, activation, and initial configuration of eligible
components are eligible if they are part of a contract or bid
for those eligible components. Such eligible services may
include basic design and engineering costs and basic project
management costs, if these services are provided as an
integral component of the installation of the relevant
services.
In addition, on-site training is eligible as a part of installation
services but only if it is basic instruction on the use of eligible
equipment, directly associated with equipment installation,
and a part of the contract or agreement for the equipment.
Training must occur coincidently or within a reasonable time
after installation.
Miscellaneous
Fees and
Charges
Fees and charges that are a necessary component of an
eligible product or service are generally eligible, including:



Change fees
Freight assurance fees
Shipping charges
The following fees and charges are eligible only if a contract
with a vendor for eligible product or services specifically
provides for these costs:


Per diem
Travel time
A manufacturer’s multi-year warranty for a period up to three
years and provided as an integral part of an eligible
component, without a separately identifiable cost, can be
included in the cost of the component.
Lease fees to rent or lease eligible components are eligible.
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 21
Miscellaneous
Taxes, surcharges, and other similar, reasonable charges
incurred in obtaining an eligible product or service are
eligible. This includes customer charges for universal service
fees, but does not include additional charges for universal
service administration.
A reasonable contingency fee is eligible only if it is a regular
business practice of the service provider. This fee will be
reimbursed only if the work is performed.
Other
Miscellaneous
Components that
are NOT Eligible
In addition to items indicated in other sections of this Eligible
Services List, the following items are NOT ELIGIBLE for
discount:




Interest or finance charges
Late payment fees
Performance bond
Termination charges
Any product or service that is duplicative of a service for
which funding has already been requested. Services that
provide necessary bandwidth requirements, such as multiple
T-1 lines, when appropriate for the population served and the
services to be received, are not duplicative.
Failover products or services are not eligible. Any stand
alone products or services that are only utilized when the
primary fails are not eligible.
Broadcast television, cable television, Instructional Television
Fixed Service (ITFS), and satellite television are not eligible
for discount.
Creation of software programs or functions, such as through
computer programming is not eligible.
Ineligible Installation and Configuration:
Consulting services not directly tied to and coincident with
basic installation and configuration of eligible services are not
eligible. Services and components that are NOT ELIGIBLE
include, but are not limited to the following:






Initial planning to determine the technology and/or
components to be deployed.
Network architecture design.
Development of technology plans.
Application assistance, program advice, and other
activities not tied directly to actual installation and
initial configuration of components.
Labor costs for school and library personnel.
Costs for contractor personnel to operate components.
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 22
Miscellaneous




Costs for network management software, services,
and equipment.
Test equipment and tools.
End-user training, such as training of teachers and
staff in the use of covered services in their programs
of instruction or for professional development.
Construction costs, other than incidental charges to
restore a facility to pre-installation conditions.
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 23
Miscellaneous
Special Eligibility Conditions
The following section lists additional requirements relating to eligible services and
products. The Universal Service Administrative Company also maintains documents
providing more details regarding the administration of the E-rate program on the
Schools and Libraries Division website, available at http://www.usac.org/sl/. These
documents are not included by reference in this Eligible Services List.
Ancillary Use
If a product or service includes ineligible functionality,
then, in general, the proportionate cost of this
functionality must be removed from funding requests
through a cost allocation process. However, in certain
limited cases, if any ineligible functionality is not
significant and strictly ancillary to the principle uses of the
product or service, the full product or service may be
eligible for discounts.
The following conditions are considered when evaluating
whether ineligible functionality is ancillary: (1) a price for
the ineligible component cannot be determined separately
and independently from the price of the eligible
components, and (2) the specific package remains the
most cost-effective means of receiving the eligible
services, without regard to the value of the ineligible
functionality. In addition, the applicant may not be
specifically seeking one or more of the ineligible
components.
Funding requests that include only a single price for
components that contain both eligible and ineligible
functionality, and fail to meet the requirements for
Ancillary Use, are fully ineligible. Therefore, applicants are
encouraged to utilize a cost allocation process to remove
ineligible functionality whenever feasible. For further
information, see Cost Allocation Guidelines for Products
and Services.
Cost Allocation
If a product or service contains both eligible and ineligible
features, an applicant may use cost allocation so that
partial funding can be provided. Any cost allocation must
be based on tangible information that provides a
reasonable and appropriate delineation between the
eligible and ineligible components. When no cost
allocation is provided for funding requests that require
cost allocation, USAC will contact the applicant to request
such cost allocation. See the web document “Cost
Allocation” for additional information.
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 24
Special Eligibility Conditions
Cost Allocation for
File Servers
Eligible Users and
Locations
File servers and other components can be used
simultaneously for multiple purposes, some of which are
eligible and some not eligible. Cost allocation is required to
remove any ineligible functionality from funding requests.
However, the exact usage of a file server or other product
with multiple uses may be difficult to determine before the
product is installed and utilized. A simplified method of
cost allocation is available to accommodate this situation.
It is based on a simple averaging process of the different
functions of the product and is described more fully in the
web document “Cost Allocation.”
Educational purposes. E-rate support may be provided
only for eligible products or services that will be used
primarily for educational purposes. Activities that are
integral, immediate, and proximate to the education of
students or the provision of library services to patrons,
qualify as “educational purposes.” The presumption is
that activities on school or library property meet this
standard.
Residential schools that serve students with special
circumstances – schools on Tribal lands; schools
designated to serve students with medical needs; schools
designed to serve students with physical, cognitive or
behavioral disabilities; and schools where 35 percent or
more of their students are eligible for the National School
Lunch Program (NSLP) – are eligible for support. Some
services outside of a school or library location may also be
eligible for discount in certain cases, such as use by
teachers or other school staff while accompanying
students on a field trip or sporting event.
The term “school or library property” includes a district
office or similar facility, but does not include businesses or
organizations separate from a school or library
organization. For example, the facilities of a business that
has contracted with a school to provide bus service do not
constitute a location eligible for E-rate support.
Employees of a school or library with a normal duty station
at an eligible location are eligible users. Employees of a
non-school or non-library activity, even if located on
school or library property, such as a state government
office with responsibilities other than education or library
services (e.g., a division of motor vehicles), are not
eligible users.
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 25
Special Eligibility Conditions
Special Regulatory
Requirements
Telecommunications Services: If the applicant seeks a
telecommunications service, support will be available only
if the telecommunications service is provided by a
telecommunications carrier, that is, a company that offers
telecommunications services on a common carriage basis.
A telecommunications service is “the offering of
telecommunications for a fee directly to the public, or to
such classes of users as to be effectively available directly
to the public….” All telecommunications carriers must be
common carriers and are required by the Commission to
file FCC Form 499A (Telecommunications Reporting
Worksheet). Supported telecommunications services
provided by telecommunications carriers include all
commercially available telecommunications services.
Telecommunications: Supported telecommunications
can be provided in whole or in part via lit or dark fiber by
any entity, including non- telecommunications carriers.
Telecommunications is defined as “the transmission,
between or among points specified by the user, of
information of the user’s choosing, without change in the
form or content of the information as sent and received.”
Internet access. If the applicant seeks Internet access,
support will generally be available only for basic conduit
access to the Internet. “Internet access” is defined in
section 54.5 of the Commission’s rules. Some Internet
Access services may include features that are not
themselves eligible, such as specialized content, caching
services, and/or filtering services. In general, funding
requests that provide only a single price for a product or
service that contains both eligible and ineligible
functionality are fully ineligible. However, cost allocation
may be used to provide separate pricing for the eligible
and ineligible components.
Two-in-Five Rule
The “Two-in-Five Rule” allows each eligible entity to obtain
support for Internal Connections funding requests every
two out of five years. This limitation applies only to
Internal Connections and not to requests appropriately
categorized as Telecommunications Services, Internet
Access, or Basic Maintenance of Internal Connections.
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 26
Special Eligibility Conditions
Wide Area
Networks

WAN Restriction. WANs cannot be built or
purchased using E-rate support but WAN facilities may be
leased.

Lease of Wide Area Network Infrastructure.
Facilities that provide a Wide Area Network may be leased
by applicants as a Priority One service. Limitations apply
to the reimbursements that are available for initial
implementation costs (leased equipment and its
installation) of service provider infrastructure. The Wide
Area Network Fact Sheet has further details about
exclusive access limitations, amortization requirements,
and other eligibility conditions for lease of Wide Area
Network functionality.

WAN Versus LAN Components (On-Premise Priority
One Equipment). For data and other networks, the
distinction between Wide Area Network (WAN)
functionality and Local Area Network (LAN) functionality is
important. FCC rules establish a rebuttable presumption
that a connection does not constitute an Internal
Connection if it crosses a public right of way. In order to
determine what may be properly funded as Internal
Connections, a demarcation point between a Wide Area
Network service and the Local Area Network components
must be established. This approach is described more
fully in the web document On-premise Priority 1
Equipment located in the SLD Reference Area of the USAC
web site.
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 27
Special Eligibility Conditions
Glossary
800 Service
(Telephone Service)
800 Service provides toll calling that is paid by
the called party rather than the calling party.
The name comes from the original Area Code
used for all toll-free numbers. Current and
future “800 Service” area codes use the
convention 8NN, when N is a specific digit, for
example 888, 877, and 866.
900/976 Call Blocking
(Telephone Service
Components)
Call Blocking is a monthly or recurring
telephone company charge for the blocking of
calls, such as to 900 or 976 numbers. The
blocking prevents callers from completing calls
to 900 or 976 numbers.
900/976 Charges
(NOT Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Priority One
Service)
“900” is an area code used to reach a wide
range of information providers. Examples of
the information that may be provided via a 900
number are adult content programming,
weather reports, lottery results, or caller voting
for various topics such as television polls. 900
service calls are charged to the party
originating the call. Charges for accessing 900
calls are often included in the toll charges on
the local telephone bill. 976 service provides a
local, pay-per-call telephone service.
911/E911 Trunks/Lines
(Telephone Service)
911 and E911 trunks or lines are dedicated
telecommunications links specifically or
exclusively used for connection between a
school/library and a Public Safety Answering
Point (PSAP).
Access Point
(Data Distribution)
An Access Point is a base station in a wireless
LAN. Access points are typically stand-alone
devices that may plug into an Ethernet hub or
server or may provide a repeater function for
wireless networks.
Alarm Telephone Line
(Telephone Service)
An alarm telephone line is a
telecommunications line specifically dedicated
to a school or library burglar or fire alarm
system. It may be the equivalent of a POTS
line or a dedicated line between the school or
library and the alarm company.
Antennas
(Interfaces)
An antenna is a device for transmitting and/or
receiving radio frequency signals.
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 28
Glossary
Application Software
(Not Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Internal
Connections Components)
Application software applies to software
accessed directly by end users, such as word
processors, spreadsheets, utility, anti-virus,
and graphics programs.
Asbestos Removal
(Not Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Internal
Connections Components)
Some older buildings were constructed using
products that contain asbestos, which has been
determined to be harmful to health.
Renovations and installations in such buildings
require special treatment, such as, asbestos
removal.
Asynchronous Transfer Mode
(ATM)
(Digital Transmission
Services)
ATM is a high-speed Digital Transmission
Service that can provide bandwidth of 622
Megabits per second or higher.
Automatic Call Distribution
System (ACD)
(NOT Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Priority One
Service)
An Automatic Call Distribution (ACD) system,
typically used with a PBX, provides a means of
automatically distributing calls evenly on a next
available agent basis, so that productivity is
maintained and inbound calls are handled
efficiently. The system also allows the
monitoring of operation on a real-time basis.
Additionally, some systems compile historic
reports that may enable better utilization of
resources for handling incoming calls.
Automatic Route Selection
(ARS)
(Telephone Components)
Automatic Route Selection (ARS) is a PBX and
Centrex service that allows for automatic
selection of the most efficient and costeffective route. It may also be referred to as
“least cost routing”. By using the ARS feature,
outgoing phone calls from PBX and Centrex
stations are routed to the most cost-efficient
service or facilities.
Bridge
(Interfaces)
A bridge is a data communications device that
connects two or more network segments, often
translating information from one type of
network protocol to another.
Broadband over Power Lines
(BPL)
(Digital Transmission
Services)
(Internet Access)
Broadband over Power Lines (BPL) is a carrier
current system installed and operated on an
electric utility service as an unintentional
radiator that sends radio frequency energy on
frequencies between 1.705 MHz and 80 MHz
over medium voltage lines or low voltage lines
to provide broadband communications. It is
also located on the supply side of the utility
service’s points of interconnection with
customer premises.
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 29
Glossary
Broadcast and Cable
Television Equipment
(Video Components—
Ineligible)
Broadcast/cable equipment applies to
equipment used in the transmission or receipt
of broadcast TV, broadcast radio, broadcast
satellite, or cable television service.
Broadcast “Blast” Messaging
(NOT Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Priority One
Service))
Broadcast “Blast” Messaging is a service that
allows for a message to be created and
delivered to a user defined group typically via
voice or text message.
Cable Modem
(Internet Access)
(Interfaces)
A cable modem is a modem designed for use
on a TV coaxial cable circuit and provides a
high-speed data path. It can provide highspeed access to the Internet over a cable
television line.
Cabling
(Cabling)
Cabling refers to the wires or groups of wires
capable of carrying voice, video, or data
transmissions. Cabling provides electrical (or,
in the case of fiber optics, lightwave)
connectivity between points.
Caching
(Servers—Ineligible)
(Storage Devices—Ineligible)
Caching is a method that stores recently
accessed information. Caching components,
such as, caching servers, store information
locally so that the information is accessible
more quickly than if it must be transmitted
across a network from a distant server.
Caching Service
(NOT Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Priority One
Service))
A caching service is a special high-speed
storage mechanism at the border of a network
and the Internet that holds frequently accessed
Internet information, thereby reducing retrieval
times for information often requested from the
Internet.
Call Accounting System
(Not Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Internal
Connection Components)
A Call Accounting System records information
about telephone calls. It can provide
comprehensive information about call costs by
associating call records with users, phone
extensions, or profiles.
Such systems may include Station Message
Detail Recording (SMDR) or Call Detail
Recording (CDR), which are software/hardware
PBX components that provide the capability to
generate reports on call details such as call
duration, PBX station number, time and date,
dialed number, and cost of call.
Call Sequencer
(Not Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Internal
Connections Components)
An Automatic Call Sequencer is a component
used with a PBX or Key system. The call
sequencer distributes incoming telephone calls
among a select number of stations or
telephones. Some call sequencers are
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 30
Glossary
designed to generate statistical reports on
number of calls and how calls were handled.
Cartridge Magnetic Tape
(Not Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Internal
Connections Components)
Cartridge magnetic tape is used in tape backup
devices, and provides replaceable and archive
storage capacity.
CD/ DVD Player
(Not Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Internal
Connections Components)
A Compact Disc or Digital Video Disc (CD/DVD)
Player is a device that plays or reproduces the
music, voice, and/or video from a CD or Digital
Video Disc.
Cellular Service
(Telephone Service)
Cellular Service uses radio transmissions to
provide a wireless telephone service.
Centrex
(Telephone Service)
Centrex is a business telephone service that
consists of a wide variety of features, such as,
call forwarding and call transfer, provided by
central office software.
Change Fees
(Miscellaneous Fees and
Charges)
Change fees are charges imposed for the
modification of an existing service.
Channel Service Unit /Data
Service Unit (CSU/DSU)
(Interfaces)
A CSU/DSU is a device that terminates a digital
channel at a customer’s premises. A CSU/DSU
often serves as a demarcation between a local
network and wide area network facilities.
Circuit Cards
(Circuit Cards)
Circuit cards provide microprocessors,
transistors, and other components on a circuit
board. Circuit cards often are designed to fit
into a slot of a larger component, such as a
telephone PBX, router, or computer.
Client Access Licenses
(Software)
A Client Access License is a software licensing
approach used by some vendors that provides
authorization to access a software product.
CODEC / Video Encoder
(Video Components)
A CODEC (coder/decoder), also known as a
video encoder, is a device comprising an
encoder and decoder in the same equipment.
The CODEC produces a coded output and
compresses and decompresses audio and video
signals.
Conduit and Raceway
(Cabling)
Conduit and raceway are metal or plastic pipe
or channels used to protect cable.
Conferencing Services
(Digital Transmission
Services)
Conferencing Services provide a means for
multiple users to participate in group
discussions via telephone circuits or video
facilities.
Connectors
(Cabling)
Connectors are devices that connect wires or
fibers.
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 31
Glossary
Consumable Components
(Cabling)
Consumables consist of miscellaneous
components that are depleted with use, such
as tape, splicing materials, labels, and wire
wrap.
Consumable Kits
(Not Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Internal
Connections Components)
Consumable Kits include installation tools and
consist of miscellaneous components that are
depleted with use, such as tape, splicing
materials, labels, and wire wrap.
Contingency Fee
(Miscellaneous Fees and
Charges)
A contingency fee is a specific dollar allowance
for possible unforeseeable elements that may
occur within the scope of a project.
Copper-to-fiber (TX-to-FX)
Converter
(Interfaces)
A Copper-to-fiber converter, also known as a
TX-to-FX converter, is a device that converts a
copper connection to a fiber optic connection.
Couplers
(Cabling)
Couplers are passive devices that accept one
input broadband signal and replicate it onto
another or multiple outputs.
Custom Calling Services
(Telephone Service
Components)
Custom calling services extend the features
available with telephone service. Features
available include (but are not necessarily
limited to) call waiting, 3-way calling, speed
calling, distinctive ring, and call forwarding.
Dark Fiber Service
(Dark Fiber)
Dark fiber refers to fiber optic cable for which
the service provider has not provided
modulating electronics.
Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)
(Telecommunications/Internet
Access)
Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) is a technology
that provides high-speed connections over
telephone lines. Different types of DSL service
are available, using descriptions such as ADSL,
HDSL, and SDSL. The DSL family of
technologies sometimes goes by the general
name xDSL.
Direct Broadcast Satellite
(DBS)
(NOT Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Priority One
Service)
Direct Broadcast Satellite (DBS) is a technology
that uses satellite to transmit TV programs to
subscribers. The transmitted signals are
received using individual rooftop antennas.
Program reception of the subscriber is limited
to those channels broadcast by a specific
provider.
Direct Inward Dialing (DID)
(Telephone Service
Components)
Direct Inward Dialing (DID) service allows
outside calls to be directed to a Private Branch
Exchange station line without the use of an
operator.
Directory Advertising
(NOT Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Priority One
Directory Advertising is advertising in a
telephone directory yellow pages, Internet, or
elsewhere. This may be provided by the
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 32
Glossary
)
telephone company or another entity.
Directory Assistance Charges
(Telephone Service)
Directory Assistance Charges are those charges
assessed for calls made to 411 or other
Directory Assistance numbers such as (201)
555-1212 for information. Typically charges
are assessed on a per call basis.
Directory Listings
(NOT Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Priority One
Service)
A telephone company directory contains an
alphabetical listing, by name, of all telephone
subscribers (except those requesting unlisted
or non-published service). Typically, the initial
directory listing is provided free of charge to
the subscriber, but extra-cost services are
available, such as additional listings, unlisted or
non-published numbers, and bolded entries.
Disaster Recovery
(Not Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Internal
Connections Components)
Disaster recovery describes a means of
restoring service to a computer network that
has suffered a disaster. Such costs may
include the rental of a site that houses links
and equipment that is modeled after the
damaged network.
Distance Learning
(Digital Transmission
Services)
Distance Learning utilizes video and audio
technologies to allow students who are
remotely located from other students or the
lecturer to participate interactively with the
class.
Documentation
(Other Eligible Internal
Connections Components)
Documentation includes support material
provided in the form of paper or electronic
media. It may include diagrams, blueprints,
equipment specifications, or instruction
manuals for services and products.
Domain Name Registration
(Internet Access)
A Domain Name indicates an address of
location on the Internet. For the e-mail
address portion of a symbolic [email protected], the
domain name is xyz.org. Domain Name
Registration is the registering of the name and
the charge associated with the registration
process.
Domain Name Service (DNS)
(Internet Access) (Servers)
Domain names, such as www.fcc.gov, are
alphabetic, so they are easier to remember
than the IP addresses on which the Internet is
based. A Domain Name Service translates the
alphabetical names input by users into the IP
addresses used by Internet devices.
DS-1
(Digital Transmission
Services)
DS-1 is a type of Digital Transmission Service,
and stands for “Digital Signal, level 1.” It
operates at a bandwidth of 1.544 megabits per
second. Other DS levels—DS-2, DS-3, and DS-
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 33
Glossary
4—operate at higher bandwidths.
Duplicative Services
(Other Miscellaneous
Ineligible Components)
Duplicative services are those that deliver the
same functionality, to the same population, in
the same location, during the same period of
time.
Dynamic Host Configuration
Protocol (DHCP)
(Internet Access)
(Servers)
Standard networks need each computer to
have a unique address for communication to
occur. Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
(DHCP) is a system that provides this unique
address from a central computer so that each
individual computer does not need to be
separately configured.
E911 Reader Board
(Telephone)
The E911 Reader Board is adjunct hardware for
a PBX and is used to access E911 Emergency
service.
Electrical System Upgrades
(Not Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Internal
Connections Components)
Electrical system upgrades refer to products
and services that provide, upgrade, or enhance
the provision of electrical power.
E-mail
(Software)
(Servers)
E-mail stands for “electronic mail.” E-mail or
electronic mail, is a system for sending text
messages and other information across a
network.
E-mail Archiving
(E-mail)
(Servers)
(Storage Devices)
E-mail archiving is a form of electronic
recordkeeping that often includes compressing
e-mail files to make greater inbox space
available.
E-mail Service
(E-mail)
An e-mail service provides for the transmission
of text messages and other embedded data
such as file attachments. It also enables the
transmission of messages over a local network
or the Internet.
Enhanced Multimedia
Interface (EMMI)
(Video Components)
The EMMI is an interface that gives PC and
workstation users on ATM
networks the ability to send and receive fullmotion, high quality video, CD quality
stereo and high speed data. Signals are
transformed into ATM cells
and transported optically, using the
Synchronous Optical Network (SONET)
standard.
Environmental Monitoring
Components
(Not Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Internal
Connections Components)
Environmental monitoring components provide
information about heat, humidity, or other
factors in order to provide a warning system for
conditions that may affect the correct operation
of equipment. For example, an environmental
monitoring card is sometimes available as an
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 34
Glossary
optional feature of an uninterruptible power
supply and is used to monitor the
environmental conditions of a rack, computer
room, or data center.
Ethernet
(Digital Transmission
Services)
Ethernet is a type of Digital Transmission
Service. Traditionally, Ethernet operates at a
bandwidth commonly known as 10Base-T
which is equivalent to 10 megabits per second
(Mb/s). 100Base-T at 100 Mb/s and Gigabit
(1,000Mb/s) are also available.
Faceplates
(Cabling)
Faceplates are covers that fit over a jack,
outlet, or dial.
Failover
(Other Miscellaneous
Ineligible Components)
Failover is generally a component or service
which is activated if the primary component or
service loses its capability to function.
Fax Machine
(Not Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Internal
Connections Components)
A facsimile, or fax, machine is a device in which
the image of a document is electronically
transferred over the telephone network and
printed out elsewhere.
Fiber Optics or Fiber
(Digital Transmission
Services)
Fiber Optics is a technology that uses light to
transport information and can provide a Digital
Transmission Service.
Filtering Service
(NOT Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Priority One
Service)
A filtering service protects users from
dangerous or inappropriate content most often
by selectively blocking certain words or certain
Internet sites.
Firewall
(Internet Access)
(Data Protection)
(Servers)
A firewall is a hardware and software
combination that sits at the boundary between
an organization’s network and the outside
world, and protects the network against
unauthorized access or intrusions.
Flat Rate
(Telephone Service)
Local telephone companies use several
methods to bill customers for local phone
service, such as Flat Rate, Message Rate, and
Local Measured Service. Flat Rate is a billing
method for telephone service that, for a set
price per month, provides a user an unlimited
number of local calls.
FRAD
(Interfaces)
A Frame Relay Assembler/Disassembler (FRAD)
is a communications device that breaks a data
stream into frames for transmission over a
Frame Relay network and recreates a data
stream from incoming frames. A Frame Relay
router serves the same purpose but provides
more intelligence in avoiding congestion.
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 35
Glossary
Frame Relay
(Digital Transmission
Services)
Frame relay is a type of Digital Transmission
Service. Frame relay networks in the United
States support data transfer rates at T-1
(1.544 Mbps) and T-3 (45 Mbps) speeds.
Freight Assurances
(Miscellaneous Fees and
Charges)
Freight assurance fees are fees assessed to the
purchaser for the guarantee of safe delivery to
their premises of goods, i.e., they provide
shipping insurance.
Gateway
(Interfaces)
A gateway is a network device that acts as an
entrance to another network and often is used
to connect two otherwise incompatible
networks.
Hard Disk Drives
(Storage Devices)
Hard disk drives are storage devices that
consist of magnetic platters that spin like a
record player and magnetic pickup devices,
called heads, that are like the needle of a
record player. The magnetic platters and
heads are sealed in a vacuum in order to
maintain tight tolerances and enhance service
life.
Homework Hotline Equipment
(Ineligible for E-rate Funding
for Internal Connections
Components)
Homework Hotline equipment includes an
automated response or call routing system that
provides information to callers about school
assignments.
Homework Hotline Service
(Telephone Service )
A Homework Hotline Service is typically
provided as a toll-free telephone number for
students to contact the school regarding
questions on homework.
Hub
(Data Distribution)
Hubs are central connection points for some
types of local area networks with
interconnecting cabling from many individual
devices, such as computer workstations,
printers, servers, and other hubs.
Inside Wire Maintenance Plan
(Telephone Service)
An Inside Wire Maintenance Plan is a monthly
recurring charge that provides for the repair,
replacement, and maintenance of customer
owned inside-premise wire. Cost of the service
is sometimes included in regular monthly bills
for local and long distance telephone services.
Integrated Services Digital
Network
(Digital Transmission
Services)
Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) is a
type of Digital Transmission Service that uses
traditional phone lines to transmit digital voice
and data over telephone lines. There are two
types of service. Basic Rate Interface (BRI)
provides a total bandwidth of 144 kilobits per
second. Primary Rate Interface (PRI) provides
a total bandwidth of 1.544 megabits per
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 36
Glossary
second.
Interactive Television
(Digital Transmission
Services)
Interactive TV (ITV) provides a means for a
viewer to interact with the television set in
ways other than controlling the channels,
volume, and/or handling videotapes. In an
educational setting, such as in a school, ITV
provides a means for teachers and students
who are remotely located in different places to
conduct a class and to interact with each other.
ITV also requires a special “set-top box” to be
added to the existing television set.
Interactive White Board
(Not Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Internal
Connections Components)
An Interactive White Board is a device that
allows for end-users to display information with
a vast array of interactive features such as
online annotation, the ability to control a
personal computer, and distance learning.
Intercom
(Not Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Internal
Connections Components)
An intercom is an internal communication
system, originally consisting of multiple
speaker/microphone devices connected into an
amplifier system. Currently, most intercoms
are a part of telephone systems, although
separate intercom systems continue to be used
in many schools.
Interconnected Voice over
Internet Protocol
(Interconnected VoIP)
(Telephone Service )
Interconnected VoIP is defined as a service that
(1) enables real-time, two-way voice
communications; (2) requires a broadband
connection from the user’s location; (3)
requires Internet protocol-compatible customer
premises equipment (CPE); and (4) permits
users generally to receive calls that originate
on the public switched telephone network and
to terminate calls to the public switched
telephone network.
Interface/Edge Device
(Interfaces)
An Interface or Edge Device is a physical device
that can pass packets between some types of
networks and an Asynchronous Transfer Mode
(ATM) network. The device may be a router or
Ethernet-to-ATM switch that directly connects
to an ATM network.
Internet Access
(Internet Access)
Internet access provides a connection to the
Internet, which is the publicly available
worldwide system of interconnected computer
networks that uses agreed-upon technical
standards based on the Internet Protocol (IP).
Internet access provides a connection to a vast
quantity of information and services, such as
electronic mail and the documents and features
of the World Wide Web. Service Providers for
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 37
Glossary
Internet access need not be
telecommunications carriers.
Internet Content
(NOT Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Priority One
Service))
Internet Content refers to all forms of
information that are available on the Internet,
such as text, pictures, sound recordings,
animation, and video clips.
Internet2
(NOT Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Priority One
Service)
Internet2 is a consortium of universities,
industry, and government members that
develop and deploy advanced network
applications and technologies.
Intrusion Detection/Intrusion
Prevention
(Ineligible Internal
Connections Components)
Intrusion Detection/Intrusion Prevention
functions in addition to firewalls to monitor,
detect, and deter threats to a network from
external and internal attacks.
Key System (KSU)
(Telephone Components)
A Key System, also known as Com Key System
or a KSU, is a type of phone system that
permits more than one telephone line, PBX
extension, private line, or intercom line to
appear on a single telephone.
KVM Switch
(Servers)
A keyboard-video-mouse (KVM) switch is a
switchbox that is used to control two or more
computers from a single keyboard, monitor,
and computer mouse.
Laptop / Notebook Computer
(Servers—Ineligible)
A laptop or notebook computer is a lightweight,
portable computer designed for mobility.
Lightning Arrestor
(Data Protection—Ineligible)
A lightning arrestor is a device that protects
equipment from lightning strikes and static.
Lit Fiber
(Fiber or Dark Fiber)
Lit fiber refers to fiber optic cable for which the
service provider provides modulating
electronics to light the fiber.
Local Area Network
(Data Distribution)
A Local Area Network (LAN) is a short distance
data communications network used to link
together computers and peripheral devices
under some form of standard control. The LAN
is most often connected by cabling or wireless
links within the same building. A LAN consists
of several components, including cabling,
servers, computer workstations, network
interface cards, printers, and data distribution
equipment, such as network switches, hubs,
and routers.
Local Measured Service
(Telephone Service)
Local telephone companies use several
methods to bill customers for local phone
service, such as Flat Rate, Message Rate, and
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 38
Glossary
Local Measured Service. Local Measured
Service typically allows an unlimited number of
incoming calls. Outgoing calls beyond a certain
threshold result in extra charges.
Local Phone Service
(Telephone Service)
Local phone service is a service provided by a
local exchange carrier (LEC). Phone lines from
homes and businesses terminate at a central
office of a LEC, which in turn connects to other
local exchanges and to carriers for long
distance service.
Long Distance Telephone
Service
(Telephone Service)
Long distance telephone service is provided by
interexchange carriers and provides telephone
service outside of a local calling area.
Mast
(Interfaces)
A mast is a pole or structure on which an
antenna is placed.
Master Control Unit
(Video Components)
A Master Control Unit (MCU) is a device that
controls the main operating functions of a video
system.
Media Converter
(Interfaces)
A media converter is a module that converts
one type of media to another type of media for
network compatibility. The actual media can
vary, such as fiber, coax, or twisted pair.
Memory Modules / Random
Access Memory (RAM)
(Circuit Cards)
A memory module is the electronic holding
place for instructions and data that a
computer’s microprocessor can reach quickly.
The module usually holds multiple Random
Access Memory (RAM) chips. Common types
are SIMM, DIMM, RDRAM, and SDRAM.
Message Rate Service
(Telephone Service)
Local telephone companies use several
methods to bill customers for local wireline
service, such as Flat Rate, Message Rate, and
Local Measured Service. Message Rate Service
provides a certain number of “call units.”
Various call lengths and distances can use a
different number of call units. Calls in excess
of the message rate allocation result in
additional charges.
Mobile Hotspot Service
(Internet Access)
Mobile hotspot service allows certain mobile
devices to share their high speed mobile
broadband with other users wirelessly.
Monitor
(Servers)
A monitor is the video display unit (television
screen) that is used to display information from
a computer.
Multimedia Kits
(Ineligible Internal
Connections Components)
Multimedia kits provide a package of hardware
and software that adds multimedia capabilities
to a computer. A multimedia kit may include a
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 39
Glossary
CD ROM or DVD player, a sound card,
speakers, and a bundle of CD ROMs.
Multiplexer
(Data Distribution)
A multiplexer is electronic equipment that
allows two or more signals to pass over one
communications circuit. The circuit may be a
telephone line, dedicated line, or radio signal.
It provides an economic approach for
transporting, for example, up to 24 voice-grade
lines on a single circuit.
Multipoint Control Unit
(Video Components)
A Multipoint Control Unit (MCU) is a bridging or
switching device used for multipoint
videoconferencing.
Network Interface Cards
(NICs)
(Circuit Cards)
Network interface cards (NICs) are electronic
devices that connect workstations, servers, or
other devices to a network. NICs work with the
network software and computer operating
system to transmit and receive messages on
the network.
Network Interface Device
(Interfaces)
A Network Interface Device (NID) is a
component installed between a telephone
network and the inside wire of a customer
premises. The NID is usually provided by the
telephone company and is the transition, or
demarcation point, between the company’s
network and the customer’s inside wiring.
Network Management
(Software—Ineligible)
Network Management is a system of equipment
or software used in monitoring, controlling, and
managing a communications network.
Network Switch
(Data Distribution)
A switch is a mechanical or electronic device
that completes or breaks an electrical path or
that selects the paths for communication. More
specifically, network switches provide capability
similar to a network hub but provide a
dedicated bandwidth at each network port,
rather than shared bandwidth among all ports.
OC-1
(Digital Transmission
Services)
OC-1 stands for “optical carrier 1,” which is a
Digital Transmission Service that operates at
51.84 Megabits per second. Multiples of this
bandwidth are also available, such as, OC-3
and OC-12.
Online Backup Solution
(NOT Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Priority One
Service)
(Ineligible Internal
Connection Components)
An Online Backup Solution provides off-site
data storage generally accessible from any
Internet connection.
Operating System Software
Operating System software enables the basic
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 40
Glossary
(Software)
operations of a computer system or other
electronic device. For example, it can
configure the communication paths between
memory and storage, and provides basic
functions for other software to operate
correctly.
Pager
(Ineligible Internal
Connections Components)
A Pager (also known as a Beeper) is the
receiving end of a paging service and is a small
device worn on the belt or carried in a
handbag. Pagers may provide text or voice
messages, or both.
Paging Services
(Paging)
Paging is a service designed to deliver a
message to a person whose exact location is
unknown. The service employs radio signals
that activate a paging receiver carried by the
intended recipient to deliver a text, numeric, or
voice message.
Payphone Telephone Service
(NOT Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Priority One
Service)
Payphone (or coin) telephone service is
provided in a public or semi-public place and
requires the use of coins, credit card, pre-paid
card, or other means of payment at the time of
placing the call.
Per Diem
(Miscellaneous Fees and
Charges)
Per diem is a dollar amount designated to a
vendor for daily expenses, such as, lodging and
food. It may or may not include travel time.
Performance Bond
(Other Miscellaneous
Ineligible Components)
A Performance Bond, also known as a Bid
Bond, is a legal obligation, generally obtained
by the vendor or contractor from a third party,
that guarantees the terms of the contract or
agreement will be met. In the event of default
or failure to meet the terms, the bond would be
used to complete the contracted work.
Permanent Virtual Circuit
(PVC)
(Digital Transmission
Services)
Permanent Virtual Circuits (PVCs) are shared
connections between end-points. PVCs play a
central role in Frame Relay networks. They
are also supported in some other types of
networks, such as, X.25.
Personal Communications
Services (PCS)
(Telephone Service)
Personal Communications Services (PCS) is a
digital wireless telecommunications service,
similar to cellular service, but operating on
different radio frequencies.
Personal Computers/
Workstations
(Servers—Ineligible)
(Ineligible Internal
Connections Components)
Personal computers, or workstations, are
computers designated or designed as end-user
equipment. They may operate in a stand-alone
environment or may be connected to a host
computer as part of a network. They are
differentiated from computers configured as
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 41
Glossary
servers that are designed to route information
to and from end-user equipment.
Personal Digital Assistant
(PDA)
(Ineligible Internal
Connections Components)
A Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) is a handheld
device that can provide several functions such
as calendaring, telephone, and e-mail. Some
PDAs may also have wireless networking
features.
Phone Calling Cards
(Telephone Service)
Phone Calling Cards generally have the
appearance of a credit card and provide a
means to make long distance calls from any
phone. Charges for the call are subtracted
from the calling card balance or are included in
the calling card subscriber’s monthly phone bill.
Phone Modems
(Circuit Cards)
Phone modems are devices that convert data
signals into suitable form for transmission and
receipt over a telephone line.
POTS
(Telephone Service)
“POTS” stands for “Plain Old Telephone
Service” and provides local telephone dial-tone
service.
Power Strips/Power
Distribution Units(PDU)
(Ineligible Internal
Connections Components)
A Power Strip is a group of sockets that allow
for multiple power cords to plug into a single
device. A Power Distribution Unit is a power
strip designed for data centers or racks with
greater capacity and features than a power
strip.
Printer
(Ineligible Internal
Connections Components)
A printer is a device that receives computer
information and prints it on paper.
Private Branch Exchange
(PBX)
(Telephone Service)
A PBX is a centralized telephone switching
system located at a business or organization
site. The PBX provides internal station-tostation dialing and access to the public
switched network.
Processor Terminator Card
(Circuit Cards)
A processor terminator card is a device
installed in a multi-processor computer to
signal the computer that only one processor is
installed.
Proxy Server
(Data Protection)
(Servers)
A proxy server is a device that sits between
“trusted clients” (e.g., workstations inside an
organization) and “untrusted clients” (e.g., the
Internet) that provides security features and
often times address translation. To the
“untrusted clients”, communication appears to
be taking place with the proxy, even though
the communication is passed to and from the
trusted clients.
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 42
Glossary
Public Address (PA) System
(NOT Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Priority One
Service))
(Ineligible Internal
Connections Components)
A Public Address System allows the user to
make announcements through the use of
amplifiers and speakers.
PVBX
(Video Components)
A Private Video Branch Exchange (PVBX) is a
PBX designed for video information. A PVBX
can link classrooms or other locations together
and can interconnect end-user and other
equipment, such as cameras, monitors, and
videocassette recorders.
Racks and Cabinets
(Other Eligible Internal
Connections Components)
A rack is a metal supporting framework for
mounting cables, equipment, and/or wires. A
cabinet is an enclosure for equipment,
terminating cables, connection devices, and/or
wires.
Radio Loop
(Telephone)
Radio Loop is provided by a local exchange
telecommunications carrier and is also called
Basic Exchange Telecommunications Radio
Service (BETRS). BETRS is used by local
telephone companies to provide dial tone to
subscribers in certain circumstances, such as
when it is either not technically possible or not
cost-effective to provide the service by
conventional means.
Relay I/O Module
(Data Protection)
A Relay I/O Module allows protection by an
Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) for
equipment not pre-designed for a UPS
interface.
Remote Access Components
(Servers)
Remote access components, such as a remote
access router or communications server, allow
users to access network resources by dialing in
from an off-site location in order to connect
their local computer with network devices.
Dialing in most cases typically utilizes standard
telephone lines but, in some cases, may be
based on other technologies.
Reverse Directory Assistance
(NOT Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Priority One
Service)
Reverse Directory Assistance is a service that
can use a phone number to provide the name
and, in some cases, the address of the
subscriber of that phone number.
Router
(Data Distribution)
Routers are switching devices that can act as
an interface between two networks and connect
different segments, such as departments or
floors in a building. Functionally, routers select
the routing path for traffic, may provide
features such as load balancing, and can
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 43
Glossary
provide trouble-shooting diagnostic capabilities.
Satellite Dishes
(Interfaces)
Satellite Dishes are antennas capable of
receiving signals from and, in some cases,
transmitting signals to communications
satellites.
Satellite Service
(Digital Transmission
Services)
Satellite service provides communication
between points on Earth by using an orbiting
satellite as a communications relay point.
Servers
(Servers)
Servers are computers on a local area network
that can provide access to files, software,
printers, or other features that are shared
among multiple users.
Shipping Charges
(Miscellaneous Fees and
Charges)
Shipping Charges are the charges associated
with the delivery of products from their point of
origin to the customer premises.
Smartphone
(Not Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Internal
Connections Components)
Mobile phone that offers more advanced
computing ability and connectivity than a
contemporary feature phone.
Softphone
(Not Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Internal
Connections Components)
A Softphone is end-user application software
that allows users the use of a personal
computer’s microphone and speakers to make
telephone calls.
Software
(Software)
Software is distinct from physical computer
hardware and refers to the detailed instructions
that operate a computer.
Spare Parts
(Not Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Internal
Connections Components)
Spare parts are components on hand to replace
hardware that fails.
Speakers
(Not Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Internal
Connections Components)
Speakers are the components that provide
sound from a computer, phone, intercom, or
other device.
Station Message Detail
Recording (SMDR)
(Not Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Internal
Connections Components)
Station Message Detail Recording (SMDR) and
Call Detail Recording (CDR) are
software/hardware PBX components that
provide the ability to generate reports on call
details. Those details include, but are not
limited to, call duration, PBX station numbers,
time and date, trunk route, dialed number, and
cost of call.
Storage Media
(Not Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Internal
Storage media includes products such as floppy
disks and recordable CD ROM that provide
replaceable storage.
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 44
Glossary
)
Surge Protector (Not Eligible
for E-rate Funding as Internal
Connections Components)
Surge protectors provide electrical AC power
outlets with circuitry that protects equipment
against voltage spikes and electrical
disturbances.
Switchboard / Attendant
Console
(Telephone Components)
The operation of a PBX or Centrex system may
require the use of a switchboard or attendant
console for the transfer of incoming calls to the
appropriate extension when systems are not
equipped with Direct Inward Dialing. The
switchboard or attendant console may include
Direct Station Selection (DSS), which provides
an easy means for transferring calls.
Switched Multimegabit Data
Service (SMDS)
(Digital Transmission
Services)
Switched Multimegabit Data Service (SMDS) is
a type of Digital Transmission Service offered
by telephone companies that operates at
speeds of from 1.544 Megabits per second to
45 Megabits per second or even more.
System Improvements and
Upgrades
(Other Eligible Internal
Connections Components)
A system improvement or upgrade provides
enhanced functionality to an existing product or
configuration of products.
T-1
(Digital Transmission
Services)
T-1, which stands for Trunk Level 1, is a Digital
Transmission Service that operates at 1.544
Megabits per second. Greater speeds are
available from other Trunk Levels, such as T-2
(6.312 Mbps) or T-3 (44.736 Mbps). Slower
speeds are known as Fractional T-1.
Tablet
(Not Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Internal
Connections Components)
A complete mobile computer, larger than a
mobile phone or personal digital assistant,
integrated into a flat touch screen and primarily
operated by touching the screen. It often uses
an onscreen virtual keyboard or a digital pen
rather than a physical keyboard.
Tape Backup
(Data Protection)
Tape Backup units provide copies of computer
files on magnetic tape, for protection against a
catastrophic failure. Tape backup technologies
include QIC, DAT, 8mm, DLT, AIT, and ADR.
Telephones
(Not Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Internal
Connections Components)
Telephones, also known as telephone sets,
telephone instruments, digital voice terminals,
and voice terminals, are the end-user
equipment used to transmit and receive
telephone communications.
Terminal Adapter
(Interfaces)
A Terminal Adapter (TA) is a device that
connects a computer to an external digital
communications line, such as, an ISDN line.
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 45
Glossary
Terminal Server
(Servers)
A Terminal Server is a specialized server that
connects multiple terminals into a network.
Traditionally, terminal servers were used to
connect multiple “dumb” terminals into network
resources. Today, they are also used to
provide increased connectivity and
performance for older computers workstations.
Termination Charges
(Other Miscellaneous
Ineligible Components)
Termination charges are fees assessed for the
removal or discontinuation of a product or
service.
Test Equipment
(Not Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Internal
Connections Components)
Test Equipment is used to test hardware,
software, cable continuity, telecommunications
links, etc.
Text Messaging
(Telephone Service
Components)
Text messaging or short message service
(SMS) is a service that enables the
transmission of alphanumeric messages,
typically up to 160 characters.
Transceiver
(Interfaces)
A transceiver is a device that transmits and
receives analog or digital signals. The term is
used most frequently to describe the
component in local area networks (LANs) that
actually applies signals onto the network wire
and detects signals passing through the wire.
For many LANs, the transceiver is built into the
network interface card (NIC).
Travel Time
(Miscellaneous Fees and
Charges)
Travel time refers to the time required for
service provider personnel to travel to and/or
from locations to provide eligible services.
Trunk lines
(Digital Transmission
Services)
A trunk line is a communications path between
two switching systems, such as equipment in a
telephone company central office and a Private
Branch Exchange (PBX). Central Office trunks
connect a PBX to the central office switching
system at the central office. Tie trunks connect
two PBXs together.
Two-Way Radio
(Not Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Internal
Connections Components)
Two-way radios are wireless end-user devices
used to communicate, typically over short
distances.
Unbundled Warranty
(Not Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Basic Maintenance
of Internal Connections)
A separately priced warranty allowing for
broken equipment to be fixed or, in the event
that the problem is beyond repair, replaced.
Uninterruptible Power Supply
(UPS) / Battery Backup
(Data Protection)
An Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS), also
called a battery backup, is a device that
provides backup electric energy to a piece of
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 46
Glossary
equipment in the event of a power failure.
UPS Interface Expander
(Data Protection)
A UPS Interface Expander allows an
Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) to provide
power management to multiple devices.
Video Amplifier
(Video Components)
A Video Amplifier is a device that strengthens
the level of a video signal.
Video Channel Modulator
(Video Components)
A Video Channel Modulator is a distribution box
that takes standard video and audio input from
video cameras, recorders, and other video
components and distributes the signals to end
users.
Video Components
(Video Components)
Video components provide the capabilities and
technologies to enable moving images on
television screens or computer monitors.
Video Content Storage
(Other Eligible Internal
Connections Components)
Video content storage enables the storage of
videos and makes such videos available for
retrieval at any given time.
Video Service
(Digital Transmission
Services)
Video services involve the transmission of
visual images.
Virtualization software
(Software)
Virtualization software allows for the creation of
multiple virtual servers on a single server. The
virtual servers share the hardware of the
server upon which the software is installed.
Virtual Private Network (VPN)
Components
(Data Protection)
A Virtual Private Network (VPN) uses
encryption and/or tunneling services in order to
provide highly secure communication over the
public Internet or in some cases over point-topoint links.
Voice Compression Module
(Telephone Components)
A Voice Compression Module allows voice and
fax traffic to share the same lines as data and
LAN traffic.
Voice Interface Card
(Telephone Components)
Voice Interface Cards (VIC) are usually
components of a router or PBX system that
interface with internal systems and the public
switched telephone network. Examples include
FXO Cards, E&M Cards, and FXS Cards.
Voice Mail Components
(Telephone Components)
Voice mail components allow users to receive
voice messages left by telephone callers and
may have other features, such as message
forwarding.
Voice Mail Service
(Voice Mail Service)
A voice mail service allows users to receive
voice messages left by telephone callers and
may have other features such as message
forwarding. A voice mail service is classified as
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 47
Glossary
an information service that is distinct from a
telecommunications service or Internet access.
Voice/Fax Network Module
(Interfaces)
A Voice/Fax module is an access product that
enables the transmission of multiprotocol
data—voice, fax and LAN--over
telecommunications services.
Voice/Video over IP (VoIP)
Components
(Data Distribution)
Voice/video over IP (VoIP) components refer to
equipment that utilizes the TCP/IP suite of
protocols to provide voice and/or video
communications.
Web Casting
(NOT Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Priority One
Service)
Web Casting is a service provided over the
Internet that delivers news or other content via
web browser software or to an E-mail address.
A user accesses a Web Casting site and
chooses what news or content he/she wants to
be informed about. Information content is then
periodically delivered by the Web Casting
supplier.
Web Hosting
(Web Hosting)
A web hosting service is one that hosts a
school’s or library’s website.
Web Server
(Not Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Internal
Connections Components)
A web server is a computer server used to
provide information to Internet users and can
also be used to provide web-based software
applications and other web-based functions.
Web Site Creation Fee
(NOT Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Priority One
Service)
A web site creation fee is a separate charge for
creating a website.
Wide Area Networks (WANs)
(Digital Transmission
Services)
A wide area network is a voice, data, and/or
video network that provides connections from
within an eligible school or library to other
locations beyond the school or library.
Wire Managers
(Cabling)
Wire managers are wire restraints to house or
arrange wiring and cabling. They can be
aluminum or plastic and may be rackmountable.
Wireless Internet Access
Service
Wireless Internet Access Service provides
Internet access to portable devices or other
devices capable of receiving a wireless service.
Wireless Local Area Network
(Data Distribution)
A Wireless Local Area Network provides the
functionality of a local area network using
wireless components rather than cabling.
Wireless Local Area Network
Controller
(Data Distribution)
A Wireless Local Area Network Controller is
used in conjunction with access points to create
a wireless local area network.
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 48
Glossary
Wireless PBX Adjunct
(Telephone Components)
A Wireless PBX Adjunct functions in conjunction
with a Private Branch Exchange to enable use
of cordless telephones on an organization’s
premises.
Wireless Telephone Services
(Telephone Service)
Wireless telephone services provide connection
to the public switched telephone network
similar to traditional phone service, but utilize
portable electronic devices and radio
frequencies rather than hard-wired handsets.
Workstation
(Not Eligible for E-rate
Funding as Internal
Connections Components)
See the entry for Personal
Computers/Workstations for additional
information.
Schools and Libraries Eligible Services List for Funding Year 2013 – Page 49
Glossary
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