M FOR USE INSTRUCTIONS

M FOR USE INSTRUCTIONS
,u^^
(Invented by Mrs. H, a, Leake,)
A Complete
M
Relialile GiiiJe
for
Dress Makers
INSTRUCTIONS FOR
ITS
USE
INVENTIONS FOR SAVING LABOR SHOULD BE TESTED BEFORE
THF.Y ARE EITHER ACCEPTED OR REJECTED.
A Copyright for the Above
is
Claimed by Mrs. H.
A.
Leake, Residing
City of Oakland, State of California.
in
the
I
A SYSTEM
IJTTffNOr
(IKVENTED BY MRS. H. A. LEAKE,)
A
Complete and
Eeliatile
Gaide for Dress Maters.
INSTRUCTIONS FOR
ITS
HO
INVEMTIONS FOR SAVING L,\BOR SHOULD BE TESTED BEFORE THET
ARE EITHER ACCEPTED OR REJECTED.
A Copyright for
the Above
is
Claimfd ey Mrs H.
A. Leake. Residing in
City of Oakland, Stats of California.
the
<<^ %^
v^
Bnleted aeeoTding to Act of
tiie office
°N. B.
Con^i-ess in the ye^r iS>3, bv Mbs. H. A. Lsak^, in
of the Librariata of Coi-grejs at Wastungton.
—The penalties prescribed by law \dUbe
rigidly
enforced against any person vho infirnges upon
thehe instructions, cr the systtm to vhich they
relate.
^
INTRODUCTION.
'HE System
for Dress Fitting invented by Mrs. Leake
and improved in 1874, fully met the demands
of the styles of garments worn at those dates, and
was pronounced by all competent and unprejudiced
persons to be the best Dress-fitting System in use.
consequence of the changes that have since been
in 1865,
In
made
in the
styles of
dresses,
the inventor has decided
it to the modern
She not only is acquainted
with all the principal systems, models and charts for dress
fitting in use in the United States, but has a practical knowledge of dressmaking, and professes to be able to teach the
art in any and all of its branches; and she ventures to assert
that HER System, as now arranged, is more correct and
reliable than any other in use.
The principle upon which it
is founded is that of an inch rule, and scales carefully and
accurately arranged, and while the princij^le is the same as
that adopted by tailors in fitting coats, it gives correct forms
and curvatures, without which much time and labor w^ould
be required in fitting.
Some Dress-fitting Systems are learned with great difficulty,
and the most expert cannot fit with them more than three or
four Dresses in a day. It is clear that any System which
requires much time, study and patience in its use, is of but
little value to the often perplexed and harrassed dressmaker.
This System can be easily learned and waists can be
drafted by it with ease and facility, and it will be found by
to further improve the System and adapt
style
of
ladies'
garments.
fit perfectly in every case
without any alteration from the original drawing. The Sys
tem is both convenient to use and durable in quality,
actual test that such waists will
[4]
and
it
embraces mucli m(jie than any thing of the kind
With
ever before ofi'ered to the public.
it
a lady can
fit
dresses for herself as well as for others, and to dressmakeis.
it will save a vast amount of time and labor.
Figures or
drawings of some of the garments that can be fitted with it
are given.
These figures have been drawn with a small
photograph copy of the System, and it will be seen that if the
drafts are made according to the directions given they will
correspond exactly with the shape of the figures. The System is the result of much study and many careful tests. The
more it is tested and criticised the better the inventor will
be pleased, and a comparison of fitting by it and that of any
other that can be produced, either by inventors or agents, is.
respectfully challenged by her.
Opportunities to examine and test her System and compare
with others will be cheerfully afforded, for the inventor is
confident that such tests and comparisons will secure its
adoption by all who understand what Dress Fitting should
it
be and by
all
who
desire to
become
first-class Fitters.
The following instructions are the result of much study and
many careful tests with the s} stem, and they
will be found correct.
With a correct measurement of the
experience and
person to be fitted, a mistake can not occur if the directions
Many styles and figures other than
are followed specifically.
those given might be added, for, with this system, any of the
garments that may be selected from either the French or Kew
York fashion plates can be easily and accurately drafted. They
are not added, because it is believed that any lady can easily
learn to thus adapt the system, after obtaining a full and
practical
knowledge
of the directions
and
of the
methods
drafting which are given.
Communications should be addressed
Mes. H. a.
to
LEAKE,
Oakland, Gal., or
Albany, N. Y.
of
INSTRUCTIONS
MMTING MD
PITTING DSESSES, ETC.
It will be observed that this System gives the straight
shoulder, with the exception of a slight curve at the neck,
which is in accordance with the French style, and that
adopted by tailors in fitting coats and all first-class Dress
This shape of shoulder will fit any form for which
Fitters.
it is
drafted.
"Waist Linings.
A
better, wear longer, and have less wrinkles,
by having a good firm lining. One and one-half yards of one
yard wids lining is sufficient for a basque ten inches long
dress will
fit
below the waist
line.
Before commencing to draft, take both ends of the lining
and pLice them even together at the left on the table, so that
TDoth fronts may be cut out together.
Draft the front first.
It is of the utmost importance that care should be exercised in taking the measures to get them correct and according to the rules given.
Directions for Taking Mea=?uras.
Place the belt around the waist and be sure it does not
slope down at the front or back.
Measure half the size of neck by placing figure 1 on tape
at the ed jje of lap in front, and as high as'the dress is desired,
before the band is on, and measure to middle of back of neck.
Measure from neck in front to bottom of belt for length of
front.
Measure from close under
for length under arm.
arm
straight to
bottom of belt
Measure from neck to arm size on shoulder seam for length
of shoulder.
Measure half the width of chest by placing figure 1 on
tape 3 inches down from neck in front straiglit to arm size.
Measure around arm at shoulder as tight as the arm size is
desired to be worn.
Measure as
is desired to
tight
around the bottom of waist as the dress
be worn.
:
:
'
;
[6]
Measure from prominent bone in neck to bottom of belt for
length of back. Draft the width of back one -half inch less
than the width of chest. If the width of chest is eight
inches, the back should be seven and one-half inches.
Measure for height of shoulder. To do this have the lady
place both hands on the hips, three inches below the belt,
and place the end of tape at the bottom of the belt 2J inches
from straight under arm; bring tape over the point of
shoulder at arm size seam down to bottom of belt in front 3
inches from first end of tape. If the number of inches is 28,
dot 15j inches for height of front shoulder and I'l^ inches
for height of back shoulder.
When a lady has a slight figure
with thin shoulders make the height of front 2 inches longer
than the back, which will bring the shoulder seam at arm
size in proper position for such a figure.
In no case sliould
the height of front be more than three inches longer than the
back.
A test measure of the bust is obtained as follows
Be sure the lady has the same amount of padding she desires to wear when the dress is fitted.
Measure around the
fullest part of the bust and over the shoulder blades as.
loose as the dress is desired when done.
In learning to draft use the following measures
6.
Size of neck
Length of front
Length of under arm
Height of front shoulder
Length of front shoulder
Width of chest
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
7.
Arm
8.
Waist
9.
Length
10.
11.
7 inches.
14
8
15^
G
size
.
size
of back
Height of back shoulder
Length of back shoulder
.
.
8
IG
24
16
12^
6^
Directions for Drafting Front for a Tight-fitting
with one Dart and one-&ide Body.
[See figure
"
'
"
".
"
"
"
Basque
1.]
Draw a straight line 1| inches from edge of cloth for lap;
place square end of rule on the line ^ an inch down from top
of cloth with the point from you and dot at neck size (7)
place A on neck rule at that dot with 7 on lower part of neck
rule against the line for lap, and draw a line for neck; place
square end of rule at lower part of neck in front with point
of rule straight down and dot at 14 inches for length of front;
place square end of rule at the length of front dot, with the
point up and the edge of rule even on lap line, and dot at 15
inches for height of shoulder; place square end of rule at
[7]
Figure No.
1.
that dot even on lap line, with the point from you, and draw
a line out 14 inches; this line is for height of shoulder.
Now, place 21 on point of rule at the upper part of neck with
edge of rule at height of shoulder line, and draw a line 6
inches from neck for length of shoulder; dot 3 inches down
from neck in front; place square end of rule at that dot and
even on lap line, with the point from you, and dot 8 inches
for width of chest; place 8 on arm size at length of shoulder
dot, with the edge at width of chest dot, and draw a line
from shoulder to A on arm size; place square end of rule at
that dot with the point straight down and dot at 8 inches for
length under arm place square end of rule at the length of
front dot, with the edge at length under arm dot, and draw a
line from dot to dot for waist line before moving the rule; dot
;
[8]
one inch from lap line in front;
when only one
(this incli
must be taken o5
desired;) dot 2| inches from the
one inch in front, which will be the distance from front to
dart; place rule straight across from under arm size with
the square end even on lap line in front and draw a line on
upper part of rule four inches beyond dot on arm size; (this
line is for the purpose of applying the test measure after the
on square end of rule; drop
waist is drafted), and dot at
end of rule to dot, keeping the edge at arm size and dot four
and one-half inches on lower part of rule for height of dart;
place point of rule at that dot with the edge at the two and
one-half inch dot on waist line, and draw dart the width of
rule, unless the lady has a large bust, in which case make the
dart two and one-half inches wide on the w^aist line; dot
for.r inches out from dart on waist line; place 21 on
rule at that dot with point of rule doAvn and the edge
at arm size, and draw a line inside of rule for seam under
arm. Now measure the distance from the end of test measure in front to the four inch dot beyond the arm size; then
dot two inches less than that distance on height of shoulder
line from lap line on front where one side body is desired;
place
on arm size to the four inch dot beyond arm size
with the edge of back form rule at the dot on height of
shoulder line, and draw a line to point on arm size for side
body; place square end of 'rule to dot on front of side body
and get length of under arm as before (eight inches); extend
waist line and dot four inches out from first line under arm
on waist line; place 21 on rule to that dot with point of rule
down, and the edge at first dot on side body, and draw a line
from dot to dot on outside of rule. This will make the same
curved line as on the front; dot three and one-half inches
out on waist line from seam under arm for width of side
body; place point of rule at point on arm size with the edge
of rule inside of dot on waist line; ;ind draw a line from
point of rule to waist line on outside of rule; place the edge
of rule at the bottom of side body on waist line straight
down by threads of cloth, and dot ten inches; dot three
inches out from ten-inch dot for spring to bottom of basque
and draw a line dot six inches down from waist line directly
through the center of the four-inch space to be taken out
under arm, and, place point of rule to bottom of first
line under arm on waist line and draw a line to the six-inch
dot on outside of rule; place point of rule to side body line
and draw a line to six-inch dot on inside of rule; be
sure these two lines curve towards each other; dot three
inches down from arm size on side body line and dot one
third inch down from side body line at arm size place point
of rule at that dot and draw a line to lower dot on outside
of rule; extend test measure line straight to outside of side
dart
is
A
A
;
;
body.
[
»J
Figure No.
Back
for
2.
Front No.
1.
Place the lining in same position as for front; draw a line
one inch from edge of cloth; while rule is in this position
dot at 18 inches; dot one inch inside of line; draw a line
from the top of the one inch line to the one inch inside of
line; draw a line straight out from first line and down one
inch from top of cloth; place the rule above this line with
the square end even on first line, and dot at 7 for sii;e of
neck; dot on first line one-half inch down from upper line;
draw neck with point of rule; place square end of rule at
neck on first line with tlie point down and even on first line,
and dot at 16 inches for length of back; place square end of
rule at that dot, and even on first line with the point from
[
10]
you, and draw a line out for waist line; place square end of
rule at the 16 inch dot, with the point towards neck, and dot
eight inches on first line (the length under arm), and at
twelve and one-half inches (the height of shoulder); place
square end of rule at the eight inch dot and even on first
line, and draw a line out; move square end of rule to inside
line, and dot seven and one-half inches for width of back,
(the width of back must be drafted one-half inch less than the
width of chest, so there is no necessity to take width of back
measure); place square end of rule at the 12 inch dot, and
even on first line with point from you, and draw a line for
height of shoulder; place 21 on rule at the neck size dot,
with the edge at the height of shoulder line, and draw a line
six inches for length of shoulder.
This six inch dot must be
directly on height of shoulder line; draw the line one-half
inch longer before moving rule; place O on back arm size,
at width of back dot with edge at length of shoulder dot, and
draw a line for back arm size; dot one inch on arm size from
lower dot; place the square end of rule even on first line, and
above the length of back dot and draw a line for waist; move
the rule to inside line, and dot two inches for width of back
on waist line; place C on back form rule to the one inch dot
on arm size with the edge at width of back dot, and draw a
line to waist line; place square end of rule at the width of back
dot on waist line straight down and dot ten inches; dot three
inches out from the ten inch dot for spring; draw a line from
middle of back on waist line to edge of cloth. Apply the
test measure before cutting out, and if there is too little room
let out the front seam under arm.
Front of Basque with two Dirts and two Side Bodies.
[Sec figure
3.]
Draft the same as No. 1, except do not take off one inch in
front; dot at darts on lower edge of rule, and make the darts
two inches wide on waist line, and draw the darts ten inches
down from waist line; dot in center of each dart, and draw
a straight line from each side of the dart on waist line to dot.
Refer to waist measure for number of inches to be used
between seams on waist line, and dot the same distance on
height of shoulder line as on test line for width of side body
arm
size.
[11]
i'igUi-e sso,
Back
of
'3.
Basque with two Darts and two Side Bodies.
(See figure 4.)
Draft the same as No. 2, except use tlie number of inches
described in waist measure (2J:), and dot one-third the distance from lower dot on arm size to poir.t of shoulder; place
C on back form rule at the dot on arm size, with the edge at
width of back dot on waist line and draw a line; cut out
back allowing for seam, except at neck and arm size; place
the back over on cloth far enough to admit spring in back of
side body, and even on height of shoulder and width of back
lines, so that the threads of back will correspond with those
of side body; pin the back to side body and dot at the end
of back form line on arm size, and under the same line on
waist line; replace rule on width of back line, and extend
[12]
Figuie No.
4.
and one-half inches as before cutting out back;
draw the arm size as before; place rule and dot two inches
straight out on waist line from bottom of form on back for
width of side body; place point of rule at lower dot on arm
size, with the edge at dot for width of side body, and draw
a line on inside of rule dot ten inches straight down from
both sides of side body, and three inches out for spring; remove back and place C on back form rule at the upper dot
on arm size with the edge at first dot on side body and draw
a, line on inside of back form rule; cut out side body,
and
allow seams except at neck and arm size.
line to seven
;
[
13 J
Figure No, 6.
Back with Seam running
to Shoulder.
Tins back can be used with any kind of front.
Draft the same as back No. 4, except dot three inches from
neck on shoulder; place 20 on rule at the width of back dot
on waist line with the edge of rule at the three inch dot on
Bhoulder, and draw a line on inside of rule; cut out back and
place
it
over,
and draft as before.
[14]
Figure No.
6.
Misses' Waists.
of
Take the measures the same as for ladies, except the width
back must be of the same width as the chest.
Front for a Tigh '.-Fitting Basque for a Miss.
[See figure 6.]
This front is drafted the same as others, except place the
folded edge of cloth toward you (the dress being open at the
back); place O on neck rule at neck size dot; stop at B on
arm size; dot two inches from neck to get the width of chest,
dot two inches out on test line from B dot on arm size pla3e
B on arm size at that dot with the edge at point of shoulder
and draw a line to O for arm size; get width of front on
;
[15]
waist line with or withoat dart; dot two inches from width
of front on waist line for dart under arm; dot six inches
down on middle of the two inches on skirt and place 20 on
rule at waist line to obtain curves extend waist line and dot
for width of side bodj; place 21 on rule at arm size with
edge at width of side body on waist line and draw a line to
waist; obtain the length of skirt down the front and the
width of skirt from the length dot; draw a line from outside
of side body to width of skirt.
;
Figure No. 7.
Back
for No. 6.
[See figure 7.]
This back is drafted the same as others, except draw first
line one width of rule from edge of cloth.
Do not take off
[
16]
one inch on back arm size unless the front side body
arm
size IS drawn one incli beyond O; place 21
en rule at aim
size on side body with the edge at width
of side body on
waist line; obtain length of skirt and width of
skirt and
draw a line from bottom of waist to width of skii't.
Figure No.
8.
[17]
Front for a Half Fitting Coat.
[See figure 8.]
Draft the same as for a tight-fitting basque except draw
lap line two and one-half inches from edge of cloth; dot eight
and one-half inches for width of chest; seven inches for
length of shoulder, and thirty inches for waist measure;
to obtain side body arm size, dot the same distance on
height of shoulder line as on test or bust line; make
space to be taken up on waist line and under arm three inches
wide; dot in center of space twelve inches down, and place
20 on rule at waist line to get curves; make distance from
front to dart on waist line three inches; from dart to seam
luider arm five inches; and side body three inches and dart
two inches; get length from waist line on the front, and dot
for width of skirt from the length dot, and draw a line from
outside of form on waist line to width of skirt dot.
To draw the revere, dot two inches in on coat from lower
part of neck, and two inches out from lap line towards edge
dot on square end of
of cloth; draw a line from last dot to
rule on lap line; cut out the revere to the two inch dot on
coat turn same over on coat and fit the collar as indicated in
A
;
the figure.
[
18
Figure No.
Back
9.
for a Half-Fitting Coat.
Draft the same as for a tiglit-fitting basque, except draft
the back shoulder the same length as front (No. 8) and the
width of back 8 inches, and make the width of back on
waist line 4 inches.
:
[19]
Figure No. 10.
Measures for a Sleeve.
Measure from inside
at
arm
size to elbow,
and then
to
wrist.
Measure around the wrist.
Measure around the elbow.
Measure around the upper part
of arm, two inches from
top of shoulder with the tape at inside seam at arm size.
In drafting a sleeve, use the following measures
1.
From arm size to elbow
8 inches.
"
2.
From elbow to wrist
7
"
3.
Size of elbow
12
"
Size of wrist
4.
9
"
5.
Size around the arm
14
Directions for Drafting a Sleeve.
Draw a straight line twenty inches long; draw a line ten
inches long at each end of and at right angles to twenty
inch line; dot in the center of both the ten inch lines, and
draw a line from dot to dot; place square end of rule at the
ten inch line to the right, and dot two inches on twenty inch
line; dot one and one-half inches from the two inch dot on
same line; place square end of rule at the two inch dot, and
even on twenty inch line with the point from you, and draw
a line nine inches long; dot one inch toward twenty inch line
from the center of the right ten inch line; place O on back
arm size at that dot with the edge at the one and one-half
inch dot on 20-inch line, and draw a line from dot to d )t;
dot six and nine inches on the two inch line from twenty inch
line; dot eight inches on 20-inch line from one and one-half
inch dot, for length of inside seam to elbow; dot seven inches
;
[20]
from the eight inch dot for length from elbow to wrist; place
square end of rule at the eight inch dot, and even on twenty
inch line, and draw aline for elbow; dot one and one-quarter
inch on this line from 20-inch line; place 21 on rule at
the one and one-quarter inch dot with the edge at the one
and one-half inch dot, and draw a line on outside of rule for
length of inside seam to elbow; place 21 on rule at the eight
inch dot again with the edge at the seven inch dot, and draw
a line on outside of rule for length from elbow to wrist; place
square edge of rule at the seven inch dot at wrist, with the
edge at the end of the center line, and draw a line
out five inches and dot at four inches on same line; dot
five and seven inches out from the curved line on elbow line
place 21 on rule at the five inch dot, with the edge at the
four inch dot on wrist line, and draw a line on outside of
rule, draw a line in the same manner from the seven inch
dot to the five inch dot; place 21 on rule at the five inch dot
on elbow line again, with the edge at the six inch dot on the
two inch line, and draw a line on outside of rule; place 21
on rule at the seven inch dot on elbow line, with the edge at
the nine inch dot on the two inch line, and draw a line on
outside of rule; place O on under side of arm size at the one
inch dot on the right ten inch line, with the edge at the nine
inch dot on two inch line, and draw a line from dot to dot
for upper part of sleeve; place the point of rule at the end
of the one and one-half inch line on twenty inch line
with the edge at the six inch dot on the two inch line, and
draw a line on under part of rule.
Tigura No. 11.
[21
]
Directions for Drafting Sleeye for a Half-Fitting!
Coat.
[See figure 11.]
Draft the same as for dress sleeve except
part one inch wider on back seam.
figure No. 12.
make
the under
[22]
Front for a Cloak.
[See figure 12.]
Draw a line two inches from edge of cloth; draft the same
as for a basque, except make waist size eight inches larger
than for a tight-fitting basque; dot four inches from front to
dart; make dart one and one-half inches wide on waist line;
dot five inches from dart to first seam under arm; make space
under arm four inches, the same as for a basque; dot four
inches for width of side body on waist line; after drawing
arm size the same as for a basque, dot two inches
down by threads of cloth from A dot on arm size; dot
one inch on shoulder line from the six-inch dot so that the
shoulder will be five inches long; place
on arm size at the
two-inch dot below the arm size, with the edge at the
five inch dot on shoulder, and draw a line from dot to
dot.
This will make the arm size much larger than for the
basque,
Now dot two inches down from the first dot
on side body, and place B on arm size at that dot with
the edge at the height of shoulder-line dot, the same as
for a basque, and draw a line to point of arm size; draw test
line from front to outside of side body as before; cut off
point of side body at test line; dot for length of skirt and
for width of skirt; draw a straight line from waist line on
outside of side body to width of skirt dot; now dot two
inches towards the edge of front from lap line; draw a
straight line from the test line on front lap line to the twoinch dot at the bottom of skirt in front.
Cut out the cloak
allowing for seam except on sleeve.
A
[
23
J
Figure No. 13.
Back
for a Cloak.
Draw a line ten inches from edge of cloth for pleats in
back, and then draft as for a basque, except after drawing
;
[
24
]
the shoulder, clot five inches from neck on shoulder line; dot
three inche for width of back on waist line; place 21 on rule at
that dot with the edge of rule at the five inch dot on
shoulder, and draw a line from dot to dot on inside of rule
dot straight down from the width of back dot to bottom of
skirt, and dot three inches out from that dot for Spring; dot
four inches down from length of back; dot on first line below
the waist line; place 21 on rule at the length of back, dot
with the edge of rule at the four-inch dot and draw a line
on outside of rule. Lay pleats from the four-inch dot down
to the bottom of i kirt, and cut out the back.
Figure No. 14.
/
^
[25
I
Sleeve for a Cloak.
[See figure 14.]
Draw
a line one-half inch from the edge of cloth; place
line so that the threads of cloth will correspond with
those of sleeve; then extend waist line and width of back
and height of shoulder lines, now remove back and dot onehalf inch on width of back line from the first line; measure
width of back on width of back line; measure width
of front from the three-inch dot to arm size, and if the
back on
combined numbers are 12
inches, dot 12 inches from the
one-half inch dot on width of back line on sleeve; now dot
four inches from the first line on height of shoulder on sleeve,
then dot five inches on same line from the four inch dot; dot
one-half inch above the height of shoulder line in the center
of the five inches; round the top of sleeve from the fourinch dot, and from the five inch dot to the one-half inch dot
place O on back arm size at the five-inch dot with the
edge at the twelve-inch dot, and draw a line from dot
to dot; place O at the one-half inch dot on width of back
line with the edge at the four-inch dot and draw a line from
dot to dot; now dot three inches towards shoulder from waist
line on first line, and draw a line out from you twenty inches
from that dot; place B on arm size at the twenty-inch dot with
the edge of front arm size at the twelve-inch dot and draw a
curved line for the lower part of the sleeve; dot twelveinches down on first line from waist line; place the square
end of rale at the twelve-inch dot with the point from you
and dot two inches; move the square end of the rule to the
two inch dot with the point from you and dot at 14 inches
for point on sleeve; place 20 on rule at the waist line on first
line with the edge at the two -inch dot from the twelve inch
dot, and draw a line; draw a straight line from the two-inch
dot to the fourteen-inch dot on point of sleeve; place point
of rale at the twenty-inch dot at the end of the three-inch
line above the waist line, with the edge at the fourteen inch
dot for point of sleeve, and draw a line on outside of rule,
place 20 on rale at the waist line on first line with the point
down and the edge at the one-half inch dot on width
The
of back line and draw a line on inside of rule.
term inside of rule means towards you and outside of
To obtain the under part of sleeve
rule means from you.
dot twelve inches down from neck on lap line and six inches
down from shoulder on arm size; curve the line by upper
part of sleeve; take up space under arm the same as front,
bat do not sew it to front; dot five inches down from waist
line on side body and two inches out for spring for under
part of sleeve; join side body to back at waist line, including under part of sleeve; join upper part of sleeve at edge of
[26]
width of back line to the six-inch dot on arm size where
the under part of sleeve is joined; lay three pleats on
back of sleeve as shown by dots on the figure also lay pleats
on front part of sleeve as shown by dots; pleat the skirt of
cloak in the center of back and gather top of sleeve if
;
desired.
Directions for Drafting the Front for a Full Waisc.
Draft and cut out the lining the same as for a plain waist;
place the lining on the outside far enough over for a lap, and
pin it at the neck and at the bottom of the waist in front,
make a dot one and one-half inch out from the seam under
the arm at the bottom of the waist for fullness; take hold of
the outside between the darts with the right hand, and two
inches from the point of the shoulder with the left hand, and
lay a plait at the bottom of the waist large enough to take in
the width of cloth that is dotted under the arm, but be sure
that the plait does not extend to the shoulder; then cut out
the outside precisely like the lining; take out the pin at the
bottom of the waist in front; straighten out the outside at
the bottom, and cut off the point that was produced by the
plait straight to the arm size, but do not cut off any in front;
baste the outside smoothly to the lining from the seam under
the arm to within one inch of the back dart, and round to
the neck; take up the darts in the lining and gather in. the
outside for fullness.
Directions for Drafting the
Back
for a Full Waist.
Draft and cut out the lining the same as for a plain waist;
place the lining on the outside even at the neck and one inch
from the edge of the outside cloth at the bottom of the waist,
the cloth being double; then dot the same at the bottom
of the waist and under the arm as for the front; lay the
plait the same as for the front, commencing two inches
from the middle of the back at the bottom of the waist; then
cut out the outside precisely like the lining; straighten out the
outside and cut it off one-third of an inch in the middle of
the back, sloping to the bottom of the waist under the arm;
baste the outside smoothly from the seam under the arm to
within two inches of the middle of the back on the lining,
and gather in the outside for fullness.
Rounding the Fronts.
All waists with one dart should be rounded up the front if
the bust is full. To do this, dot one-half inch out on the lap
A
from
dot on the square end of rule, and place 21 on
rule at dot with the point up and the edge at the one-inuh
dot on waist line, and draw a line on inside of rule; place
21 at the one-inch dot again with the point
down and the
i
[
27
]
upper edge at neck, and draw a line on inside of rule; draw
a line from the one-inch dot on waist line 6 inches down to
line for lap.
Dropping the Neck for a Stout Lady with a Short Neck.
After the waist is drafted dot one-half inch down on the
front of neck from shoulder, and draw the shoulder from that
dot to point of shoulder as before; draw the neck from the
Drop the back
one-half inch dot to size of neck as before.
of neck one-half an inch.
Width
of
Back.
The width of back is obtained from the width of chest,
and should be one-half inch less. If two side bodies are
desired, and the back side body at arm size is too narrow,
make the width of back the same as width of chest and take
off IJ inch from point of side body on front arm size.
Darts.
The width
of darts must be governed by the size of the
If a lady has a full low bust with a small waist
darts are desired, draw both darts the width of rule
ladies' bust.
and two
on waist line.
For stout ladies, dot | of an inch further towards arm size
for second dart.
If one dart is desired, make it 3 inches wide on waistline.
If a lady has a straight slight figure with small bust, and
one dart is desired, draw the dart the width of rule.
If two darts, make each dart 2 inches wide on waist line.
It will be seen that the darts can be made any width desired.
After draftiag the lining and before cutting out, apply the
test measure; and if more room is required, dot out from
under arm size on front and draw a line from bottom of
waist to dot for seam.
The back can be let out in the same manner
if
required.
Cutting out the "Waist.
Cut out the lining and allow for seams, except at arm size
and neck; place the lining on the outside and baste smoothly;
cut the outside just like the lining; then cut out darts, allowing for small seams, and allow one inch for seam under arm.
Drafting for Ladies with
Round Shoulders-
Dot three inches from neck on front shoulder; then dot
one-half inch down on neck from shoulder; place 21 on rule
to that dot, and draw a line from dot to dot.
[28]
Basting the "Waist.
Join the under arm seam even at bottom of waist; join the
darts even at bottom of waist; hold the front side of dart a
little full, one inch from waist line to within one inch of top of
Stretch out the darts before trying on. The back of
darts.
shoulder is one-half inch longer than the front; join the front
Stretch out front
to back even at neck and at shoulder.
so it will correspond with back; join side body to back
even at bottom of waist, and stretch it so it will be even with
back at arm size. Baste the lower part of basque smoothly
from bottom
of waist to
bottom
of skirt.
Trying on the Waist.
To
on the waist, the lady to be fitted should stand with
her back towards you. Take the waist in both hands so that
she can put both arms through at once. Before the waist is
pinned up in front, turn seams on shoulders and under the
arms to the front, and dart seams back. Pin up front, commencing at the neck, and avoid pinning the dress to the cortry
After the front is closed, take hold of each side of
waist just above the bust and near arm size and pull it up;
then pull down the back. This gives a smooth side piece
and plenty of room from point of the shoulder to bottom of
set.
waist.
The waist should be tried on to ascertain whether the
measures have been taken right; but in no case should the
lining be fitted on the figure, before the outside is put on,
for that will stretch out the lining and make a bad fitting
If the waist is too large take it off and take in seam
waist.
on the shoulders and under the arms, and be sure to get
them the same shape as in the drawing, but do not pin it on
the figure, for in nearly every case this makes a one-sided
waist, which shows more plainly after it is worn a short
time.
Making up the Waist.
Much
care should be taken, in stitching up the seams, not
After the waist is stiched, trim off
to have them pucker.
the seams quite small, press them open and baste them fast
to the lining. This will give a smooth fitting seam.
"Whalebones.
Whalebones should never be put inside of the seams, but
the seams should be opened and bias casings sewed on them
for the bones. The bones for the darts should be made quite
thin and should extend up to within one inch and a half of
the top of the darts. The bone in front should be the same
length as those for the front darts.
[29
J
Directions for Diflferent "Waist Measures.
Waist 21. With one dart and one side body.
Take 1 inch off in front; dot 2 inches out on waist line for
width from front to dart; then draw the dart; dot 3| inches,
from dart out on waist line for the distance from dart to
under arm seam; dot 4 inches out from last dot; this space
must be taken up in the seam under arm; dot 3^ inches from
under arm seam for width of side body; draft back 1^ inches
for width of back.
One
dart and two side bodies.
back U, side body,
Two darts and one side body.
2, dart, 1, dart, 3^, 4 off', 2^, back, Ih
Two darts and two side bodies.
U, dart, 1, dart, 3, 4 off, 2, back, U, l^.
1
dart, 21, 4 off, 2i,
off, 2,
Waist
One
22.
4
1 off, 21, dart, 31,
off,
2.
dart and one side body.
3i, back, 1^.
One
2, dart, 1,
2,
dart and two side bodies.
oft; 2, back, IJ, 2.
Two darts and one side body.
dart, 3^, 4 off, 2, back, 2, 2h
Two darts and two side bodies.
dart, 3, 4 off, 2, back, 1^ 1^.
dart, 3, 4
1 off, 2^,
dart, 1,
One dart and one side body,
4 off; 3, back, 2.
One dart and two side bodies.
dart, 3, 4 off, 2, back, l^, 2.
Waist
23.
1 off; 21, dart, 4,
1 off,
^,
Two
darts and two side bodies.
4 off, 2, back, 1^, 2.
Two darts and one side body.
dart, 3|, 4 off, 3, back, 2.
2, dart, 1, dart, 3,
2, dart, 1,
Waist 24.
1 off, 21, dart, 4,
One
4
off,
dart and one side body.
3i, back, 2.
One
1
off,
dart and two side bodies.
2^ back, 1*, 2.
Two darts and two side bodies.
dart, 3, 4 off, 2i, back, li, 2.
Two darts and one side body.
dart, 4, 4 off, 3, back, 2.
21, dart, 31, 4 off,
2, dart, 1,
2, dart, 1,
Waist
4
One
1 off,
2i
One
25.
1 off, 3, dart, 4,
dart, 4,
off,
dart and one side body.
31, back, 2.
dart and two side bodies.
off, 2J, back, 1^, 2.
4
[30]
Two
%
darts and two side bodies.
off, 2i, back, IJ, 2.
Two darts and one side body.
dart, 4, 4 off, 3|, back, 2.
dart, 1, dart, 4, 4
2, dart, 1,
One
Waist
26.
dart, 4^, 4
1
off, 3,
1
off, 21,
One
oft',
dart and one side body.
3|, back, 2.
dart and two side bodies.
dart, 41, 4 off, 2^, back, IJ, 2.
Two
darts and two side bodies.
4 off, 2i, back, \\, 2.
Two darts and one side body.
dart, 4, 4 oft', 4, back, 2.
2, dart, 1, dart, 4,
2, dart, 1,
One
dart and one side body.
back, 2.
One dart and two side bodies.
1 off, 3, dart, 4, 4 oft', 2^, back, 1|, 2|.
Two darts and two side bodies.
2, dart, 1, dart, 4|, 4 oft', 2^, back, 1^, 2.
Two darts and one side body.
2, dart, 1, dart, 4i, 4 off, 4, back, 2.
Waist
1
off, 3,
27.
dart, 4^, 4
off, 4,
One
dart and one side body.
4 oft', 4, back, 2.
One dart and two side bodies.
1 off, 3, dart, 4, 4 off, 3, back, IJ, 2i.
Two darts and two side bodies.
2, dart, 1, dart, 4, 4 oft", 2^, back, 2, 24.
Two darts and one side body.
2, dart, 1, dart, 4|, 4 off, 4, back, 2|.
Waist
1
28.
off,
3, dart, 4i,
One
dart and one side body.
back, 2.
One dart and two side bodies.
1 off, 3, dart, 4*, 4 off, 3, back, 2, 2.
Two darts and two side bodies.
2i, dart, 1, dart, 4, 4 off, 3, back, 2, 2.
Two darts and one side body.
2|, dart, 1, dart, 4^, 4 oft', 4, back, 1\.
Waist
29.
1 off, 3, dart, 5, 4
Waist
off, 3,
30.
dart, 5, 4
1
off, 3,
dart, 5, 4
2J, dart, 1,
One
off,
off, 3, back, 2, 2.
darts and two side bodies.
dart, 4, 4 off, 3, back, 1\, 2.
Two darts and one side body.
dart, 5, 4 off, 4, back, 2|.
Two
2J, dart, 1,
4^
dart and one side body.
4i, back, 2i.
dart and two side bodies.
1
One
oft',
r
Waist
One
31.
4
1 off, 3, dart, 5|,
off',
31
]
dart and one side body.
4i, back, 2i.
One
dart and two side bodies.
off; 3, back, 2, 2i.
Two darts and two side bodies.
2|, dart, 1, dart, 5, 4 off, 3, back, 2, 3.
Two darts and one side body.
2, dart, 1, dart, 5^, 4 off, 4, back, 2 J.
1 off, 3, dart, 5,
4
32.
One dart and one side body.
dart, 5|, 4 off, 5, back, 2|.
Waist
1
off,
3,
One
1
off",
dart and two side bodies.
2i.
off", 3, back, 2,
Two darts and two side bodies.
dart, 5, 4 off, 3, back, 2, 2|.
Two darts and one side body.
dart, 5, 4 off, 5, back, 2|.
3, dart, 51,
2i, dart,
1,
2|, dart, 1,
Waist
4
One
dart and one side body.
back, 3.
One dart and two side bodies.
1 off, 31, dart, 5, 4 off, 3^, back, 2, 2^.
Two darts and two side bodies.
3, dart, 1, dart, 4|, 4 off, 3|, back, 2, 2|.
Two darts and one side body.
3, dart, 1, dart, 5|, 4 off, 4J, back, 2J.
33.
1 off, 3|, dart, 5,
Waist
4
off, 5,
One
dart and one side body.
5, back, 3.
One dart and two side bodies.
1 off, dh dart, 5i, 4 off, 3, back, 2, 3.
Two darts and two side bodies.
3, dart, 1, dart, 5, 4 off, 3|, back, 2, 2 J.
Two darts and one side body.
3, dart. 1, dart, 5|, 4 off, 5, back, 2|.
1
off,
34.
4
3|, dart, 5|,
Waist
off",
One
dart and one side body.
back, 3|.
One dart and two side bodies.
1 off, U, dart, 51, 4 off, 3, back, ^, 3.
Two darts and two side bodies.
3, dart, 1, dart, 5, 4 off, 3, back, 2|, 3.
Two darts and one side body.
3, dart, 1, dart, 5|, 4 off", 5, back, 3.
35.
1
off,
3|, dart, 5J,
1
off,
31, dart,
1
off,
Sh
Waist
4
off, 0,
Oae
dart and one side body.
5|, back, 3^.
One dart and two side bodies.
dart, 5^, 4 off, 3^, back, 2J, 3.
36.
5.^,
4
off,
[32
J
Two
darts and two side bodies.
off, 3, back, 2, 3.
Two darts and one side body.
dart, 1^, dart, 5, 4 off, 3|, back, 2, 3.
1^, dart, 5 J, 4
3, dart,
3,
One
dart and one side bodj.
5i, back, 4.
One dart and two side bodies.
1 off, 31, dart, 5^, 4 off, 4, back, 2^ 3.
Two darts and two side bodies.
3, dart, 1|, dart, 5, 4 off", 4, back, 2, 2J.
Two darts and one side body.
3,. dart, IJ, dart, 5^, 4 off, 5^, back, 3.
Waist
37,
3J, dart, 5^,
1
off,
1
off, 4,
Waist
4
off,
One
38,
dart, 5^, 4
off',
dart and one side body.
5|, back, 4.
One
dart and two side bodies.
off, 4, back, 2^, 3,
Two darts and two side bodies.
3h, dart, U, dart, 5, 4 off, 4, back, 2, 3.
Two darts and one side body.
3^, dart, IJ, dart, 5^, 4 off, 5, back, 3|.
4
1 oft; 4, dart, 5^,
Waist
One dart and one side body.
4 off, 5J, back, 4.
dart and two side bodies.
4 off, 4, back, 2|, 3.
39.
1 off, 4, dart, 6,
One
1 off, 4, dart, 6,
Two
darts and two side bodies.
off, 3^, back, 2^, 3.
Two darts and one side body.
dart, IJ, dart, 6, 4 off, 3^, back, 2^, 3.
5i, 4
3J, dart, 1^, dart,
3,
Waist
40.
One
dart and one side body.
1 off, 4, dart, 6|, 4 off, 5J, back, 4.
One
dart and two side bodies.
off", 4|, back, 2^, 3.
Two darts and two side bodies.
3|, dart, IJ, dart, 5^, 4 off, 4, back, 2i, 3.
Two darts and one side body.
3|, dart, IJ, dart, 6, 4 off, 5, back, 4.
1 off, 4, dart, 6,
4
It will be seen by foregoing directions for different
waists' measures that four different styles of waists are
mathematically worked out from the same measurement, Tiz:
3.
One
One
Two
4.
Two
1.
2.
dart and one side body.
dart and two side bodies,
darts and two side bodies, and
darts and one side body.
/
i
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
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013 973 064
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