AVXSurfaceMountCeramic

AVXSurfaceMountCeramic
A KYOCERA GROUP COMPANY
AVX
Surface Mount
Ceramic Capacitor Products
AVX Products Listing
PASSIVES
CONNECTORS
Capacitors
Multilayer Ceramic
Tantalum
Microwave
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Film
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Trimmer
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Varistors and Thermistors
Acoustical Piezos
Ferrites
2mm Hard-Metric for CompactPCI®
Automotive Connectors
Board to Board Connectors –
SMT and Through-Hole
Card Edge
Compression
Custom Designed Connectors
Customized Backpanel, Racking and
Harnessing Services
DIN 41612 Connectors
FFC/FPC Connectors
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I/O Connectors
Memory Card Connectors
CF, PCMICIA, SD, MMC
MOBOTM, I/O, Board to Board and
Battery Connectors
Press-fit Connectors
Varicon®
Wire to Board, Crimp or IDC
For more information please visit
our website at
http://www.avxcorp.com
Ceramic Chip Capacitors
Table of Contents
How to Order - AVX Part Number Explanation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
C0G (NP0) Dielectric
General Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Specifications and Test Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Capacitance Range. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7
U Dielectric
General Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Capacitance Range. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-10
X7R Dielectric
General Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Specifications and Test Methods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Capacitance Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-14
X5R Dielectric
General Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Specifications and Test Methods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Capacitance Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Y5V Dielectric
General Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Specifications and Test Methods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Capacitance Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Automotive MLCC
General Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
NP0/X7R Dielectric . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
NP0 Capacitance Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
MBE/X7R Capacitance Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Capacitor Array
General Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26-29
Part and Pad Layout Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Low Inductance Capacitors
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31-32
LICC (Low Inductance Chip Capacitors) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33-34
IDC (InterDigitated Capacitors). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35-36
LICA (Low Inductance Decoupling Capacitor Arrays) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37-38
High Voltage Chips for 500V to 5000V Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39-40
MIL-PRF-55681/Chips
Part Number Example (CDR01 thru CDR06) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Military Part Number Identification (CDR01 thru CDR06) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Part Number Example (CDR31 thru CDR35) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Military Part Number Identification (CDR31) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Military Part Number Identification (CDR32) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Military Part Number Identification (CDR33/34/35) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Packaging of Chip Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Embossed Carrier Configuration - 8 & 12mm Tape . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Paper Carrier Configuration - 8 & 12mm Tape . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Bulk Case Packaging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Basic Capacitor Formulas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
General Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52-56
Surface Mounting Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57-60
1
How to Order
Part Number Explanation
Commercial Surface Mount Chips
EXAMPLE: 08055A101JAT2A
0805
5
A
101
Size
(L" x W")
0201
0402
0603
0805
1206
1210
1812
1825
2220
2225
Voltage
Dielectric
Capacitance
4 = 4V
6 = 6.3V
Z = 10V
Y = 16V
3 = 25V
D = 35V
5 = 50V
1 = 100V
2 = 200V
A = NP0(C0G)
C = X7R
D = X5R
G = Y5V
U = U Series
W = X6S
Z = X7S
2 Sig. Fig +
No. of Zeros
Examples:
100 = 10 pF
101 = 100 pF
102 = 1000 pF
223 = 22000 pF
224 = 220000 pF
105 = 1µF
106 = 10µF
107 = 100µF
For values below
10 pF, use “R”
in place of
Decimal point, e.g.,
9.1 pF = 9R1.
Contact Factory for
Special Voltages
F
*
E
V
= 63V
= 75V
= 150V
= 250V
9 = 300V
X = 350V
8 = 400V
J*
A
T
2
A
Tolerance
Failure
Rate
Terminations
Packaging
T = Plated Ni
and Sn
7 = Gold Plated
Available
2 = 7" Reel
4 = 13" Reel
7 = Bulk Cass.
9 = Bulk
Special
Code
B = ±.10 pF
C = ±.25 pF
D = ±.50 pF
F = ±1% (≥ 25 pF)
G = ±2% (≥ 13 pF)
J = ±5%
K = ±10%
M = ±20%
Z = +80%, -20%
P = +100%, -0%
A = N/A
Contact
Factory For
1 = Pd/Ag Term
A = Std.
Contact
Factory For
Multiples
* B, C & D tolerance for ≤10 pF values.
Standard Tape and Reel material (Paper/Embossed)
depends upon chip size and thickness.
See individual part tables for tape material type for
each capacitance value.
High Voltage Surface Mount Chips
EXAMPLE: 1808AA271KA11A
1808
A
A
AVX
Style
1206
1210
1808
1812
1825
2220
2225
3640
Voltage
7 = 500V
C = 600V
A = 1000V
S = 1500V
G = 2000V
W = 2500V
H = 3000V
J = 4000V
K = 5000V
271
K
A
Temperature Capacitance Capacitance
Failure
Coefficient
Code
Tolerance
Rate
(2 significant digits C0G: J = ±5%
A = C0G
A=Not
+ no. of zeros)
K = ±10% Applicable
C = X7R
Examples:
M = ±20%
10 pF = 100 X7R: K = ±10%
100 pF = 101
M = ±20%
1,000 pF = 102
Z = +80%,
22,000 pF = 223
-20%
220,000 pF = 224
1 µF = 105
1
1A
Termination
1= Pd/Ag
T = Plated Ni
and Sn
Packaging/Marking
1A = 7" Reel
Unmarked
3A = 13" Reel
Unmarked
9A = Bulk/Unmarked
Ultra Thin Surface Mount Chips
EXAMPLE: UT023C223MAT2A
UT
02
3
C
223
M
A
Style
Ultrathin
Case
Size
01 = 0603
02 = 0805
03 = 1206
Voltage
Y = 16Vdc
3 = 25Vdc
5 = 50Vdc
Dielectric
A = C0G
C = X7R
Capacitance
Code (In pF)
2 Sig Digits +
Number of
Zeros
Capacitance
Tolerance
Std.
Please handle these products with due care as they are inherently more
fragile than standard MLC capacitors because of their physical dimensions.
2
T
Term
T = Plated Ni
and Sn
2
A
Packaging
Code
2 = 7" reel
Terminations
Code (max.)
A = 0.50mm (0.020)
B = 0.40mm (0.016)
C = 0.35mm (0.014)
How to Order
Part Number Explanation
Capacitor Array
EXAMPLE: W2A43C103MAT2A
W
2
A
4
3
Style
Case
Size
1 = 0405
2 = 0508
3 = 0612
Array
Number
of Caps
Voltage
6 = 6.3V
Z = 10V
Y = 16V
3 = 25V
5 = 50V
1 = 100V
C
103
Dielectric Capacitance
Code (In pF)
A = NP0
2 Sig Digits +
C = X7R
Number of
D = X5R
Zeros
M
A
T
2A
Capacitance
Tolerance
J = ±5%
K = ±10%
M = ±20%
Failure
Rate
Termination
Code
T = Plated Ni
and Sn
Packaging &
Quantity
Code
2A = 7" Reel (4000)
4A = 13" Reel (10000)
2F = 7" Reel (1000)
Low Inductance Capacitors (LICC)
EXAMPLE: 0612ZD105MAT2A
0612
Z
D
105
M
A
Size
0306
0508
0612
Voltage
6 = 6.3V
Z = 10V
Y = 16V
3 = 25V
Dielectric
C = X7R
D = X5R
Capacitance
Code (In pF)
2 Sig. Digits +
Number of Zeros
Capacitance
Tolerance
K = ±10%
M = ±20%
T
Failure Rate Terminations
A = N/A
T = Plated Ni
and Sn
2
A
Packaging
Available
2 = 7" Reel
4 = 13" Reel
Thickness
See Page 34
for Codes
Interdigitated Capacitors (IDC)
EXAMPLE: W3L16D225MAT3A
W
Style
3
L
1
6
D
225
M
A
T
3
Case
Low
Number Voltage Dielectric Capacitance Capacitance Failure Termination Packaging
Tolerance
Size
Inductance of Caps 4 = 4V
Rate T = Plated Ni
C = X7R Code (In pF)
Available
K = ±10% A = N/A
2 = 0508 ESL = 95pH
6 = 6.3V
D = X5R 2 Sig. Digits +
and Sn
1=7" Reel
Number of
M = ±20%
3 = 0612 ESL = 120pH
Z = 10V
3=13" Reel
Zeros
Y = 16V
A
Thickness
Max. Thickness
mm (in.)
A=0.95 (0.037)
S=0.55 (0.022)
Decoupling Capacitor Arrays (LICA)
EXAMPLE: LICA3T183M3FC4AA
LICA
Style
&
Size
3
T
183
M
3
Voltage Dielectric Cap/Section Capacitance Height
5V = 9 D = X5R
(EIA Code)
Tolerance
Code
25V = 3 T = T55T
M = ±20% 6 = 0.500mm
50V = 5 S = High K
P = GMV 3 = 0.650mm
T55T
1 = 0.875mm
5 = 1.100mm
7 = 1.600mm
F
Termination
F = C4 Solder
Balls- 97Pb/3Sn
P = Cr-Cu-Au
N = Cr-Ni-Au
X = None
C
4
A
# of
Inspection
Reel Packaging
Caps/Part
Code
M = 7" Reel
1 = one A = Standard
R = 13" Reel
6 = 2"x2" Waffle Pack 2 = two B = Established
Reliability
8 = 2"x2" Black Waffle 4 = four
Testing
Pack
7 = 2"x2" Waffle Pack
w/ termination
facing up
A = 2"x2" Black Waffle
Pack
w/ termination
facing up
C = 4"x4" Waffle Pack
w/ clear lid
A
Code
Face
A = Bar
B = No Bar
C = Dot, S55S
Dielectrics
3
C0G (NP0) Dielectric
General Specifications
C0G (NP0) is the most popular formulation of the “temperature-compensating,” EIA Class I ceramic materials. Modern
C0G (NP0) formulations contain neodymium, samarium and
other rare earth oxides.
C0G (NP0) ceramics offer one of the most stable capacitor
dielectrics available. Capacitance change with temperature
is 0 ±30ppm/°C which is less than ±0.3% ∆ C from -55°C
to +125°C. Capacitance drift or hysteresis for C0G (NP0)
ceramics is negligible at less than ±0.05% versus up to
±2% for films. Typical capacitance change with life is less
than ±0.1% for C0G (NP0), one-fifth that shown by most
other dielectrics. C0G (NP0) formulations show no aging
characteristics.
The C0G (NP0) formulation usually has a “Q” in excess
of 1000 and shows little capacitance or “Q” changes with
frequency. Their dielectric absorption is typically less than
0.6% which is similar to mica and most films.
PART NUMBER (see page 2 for complete part number explanation)
0805
5
A
101
J
A
Size
(L" x W")
Voltage
6.3V = 6
10V = Z
16V = Y
25V = 3
50V = 5
100V = 1
200V = 2
Dielectric
C0G (NP0) = A
Capacitance
Code (In pF)
2 Sig. Digits +
Number of
Zeros
Capacitance
Tolerance
Failure
Rate
A = Not
Applicable
±.10 pF (<10pF)
±.25 pF (<10pF)
±.50 pF (<10pF)
±1% (≥ 25 pF)
±2% (≥ 13 pF)
±5%
±10%
% Capacitance
+0.5
0
-0.5
+1
0
-1
-2
1KHz
-55 -35 -15 +5 +25 +45 +65 +85 +105 +125
Temperature °C
10 KHz
100 KHz
1,000
100
0
0
20
40
60
80
100
Temperature °C
Variation of Impedance with Ceramic Formulation
Impedance vs. Frequency
1000 pF - C0G (NP0) vs X7R
0805
100
10 pF
10.0
1.0
100 pF
1000 pF
0.1
1
10
100
Frequency, MHz
1000
10.00
1206
0805
1812
1210
X7R
NPO
Impedance, 1,000
Impedance, Impedance, 10 MHz
Insulation Resistance vs Temperature
10
10,000
4
1 MHz
Variation of Impedance with Chip Size
Impedance vs. Frequency
1000 pF - C0G (NP0)
100,000
Special
Code
A = Std.
Product
10,000
Frequency
Variation of Impedance with Cap Value
Impedance vs. Frequency
0805 - C0G (NP0)
10 pF vs. 100 pF vs. 1000 pF
A
Contact
Contact
Factory For
Factory
1 = Pd/Ag Term
For
Multiples
+2
Typical Capacitance Change
Envelope: 0 ± 30 ppm/°C
2
Terminations
Packaging
2 = 7" Reel
T = Plated Ni
4 = 13" Reel
and Sn
7 = Gold Plated 7 = Bulk Cass.
9 = Bulk
Insulation Resistance (Ohm-Farads)
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Capacitance vs. Frequency
Temperature Coefficient
% Capacitance
B
C
D
F
G
J
K
T
1.0
0.1
10
100
Frequency, MHz
1000
1.00
0.10
0.01
10
100
Frequency, MHz
1000
C0G (NP0) Dielectric
Specifications and Test Methods
Parameter/Test
Operating Temperature Range
Capacitance
Insulation Resistance
NP0 Specification Limits
-55ºC to +125ºC
Within specified tolerance
<30 pF: Q≥ 400+20 x Cap Value
≥30 pF: Q≥ 1000
100,000MΩ or 1000MΩ - µF,
whichever is less
Dielectric Strength
No breakdown or visual defects
Q
Resistance to
Flexure
Stresses
Appearance
Capacitance
Variation
±5% or ±.5 pF, whichever is greater
Q
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
Insulation
Resistance
≥ Initial Value x 0.3
Solderability
Appearance
Capacitance
Variation
Resistance to
Solder Heat
Thermal
Shock
Load Life
Q
Insulation
Resistance
Dielectric
Strength
Appearance
Capacitance
Variation
Q
Insulation
Resistance
Dielectric
Strength
Appearance
Capacitance
Variation
Q
(C=Nominal Cap)
Insulation
Resistance
Dielectric
Strength
Appearance
Capacitance
Variation
Load
Humidity
Q
Insulation
Resistance
Dielectric
Strength
No defects
Measuring Conditions
Temperature Cycle Chamber
Freq.: 1.0 MHz ± 10% for cap ≤ 1000 pF
1.0 kHz ± 10% for cap > 1000 pF
Voltage: 1.0Vrms ± .2V
Charge device with rated voltage for
60 ± 5 secs @ room temp/humidity
Charge device with 300% of rated voltage for
1-5 seconds, w/charge and discharge current
limited to 50 mA (max)
Deflection: 2mm
Test Time: 30 seconds
1mm/sec
≥ 95% of each terminal should be covered
with fresh solder
No defects, <25% leaching of either end terminal
90 mm
Dip device in eutectic solder at 230 ± 5ºC
for 5.0 ± 0.5 seconds
≤ ±2.5% or ±.25 pF, whichever is greater
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
Dip device in eutectic solder at 260ºC for 60
seconds. Store at room temperature for 24 ± 2
hours before measuring electrical properties.
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
No visual defects
Step 1: -55ºC ± 2º
30 ± 3 minutes
≤ ±2.5% or ±.25 pF, whichever is greater
Step 2: Room Temp
≤ 3 minutes
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
Step 3: +125ºC ± 2º
30 ± 3 minutes
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
Step 4: Room Temp
≤ 3 minutes
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
Repeat for 5 cycles and measure after
24 hours at room temperature
No visual defects
≤ ±3.0% or ± .3 pF, whichever is greater
≥ 30 pF:
≥10 pF, <30 pF:
<10 pF:
Q≥ 350
Q≥ 275 +5C/2
Q≥ 200 +10C
≥ Initial Value x 0.3 (See Above)
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
Charge device with twice rated voltage in
test chamber set at 125ºC ± 2ºC
for 1000 hours (+48, -0).
Remove from test chamber and stabilize at
room temperature for 24 hours
before measuring.
No visual defects
≤ ±5.0% or ± .5 pF, whichever is greater
≥ 30 pF:
≥10 pF, <30 pF:
<10 pF:
Q≥ 350
Q≥ 275 +5C/2
Q≥ 200 +10C
≥ Initial Value x 0.3 (See Above)
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
Store in a test chamber set at 85ºC ± 2ºC/
85% ± 5% relative humidity for 1000 hours
(+48, -0) with rated voltage applied.
Remove from chamber and stabilize at
room temperature for 24 ± 2 hours
before measuring.
5
C0G (NP0) Dielectric
Capacitance Range
PREFERRED SIZES ARE SHADED
SIZE
0201
0402
0603
0805
1206
Soldering
Packaging
Reflow Only
All Paper
Reflow Only
All Paper
Reflow/Wave
All Paper
Reflow/Wave
Paper/Embossed
Reflow/Wave
Paper/Embossed
1.00 ± 0.10
(0.040 ± 0.004)
0.50 ± 0.10
(0.020 ± 0.004)
0.25 ± 0.15
(0.010 ± 0.006)
25
50
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
1.60 ± 0.15
(0.063 ± 0.006)
0.81 ± 0.15
(0.032 ± 0.006)
0.35 ± 0.15
(0.014 ± 0.006)
25
50
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
2.01 ± 0.20
(0.079 ± 0.008)
1.25 ± 0.20
(0.049 ± 0.008)
0.50 ± 0.25
(0.020 ± 0.010)
25
50
100
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
J
E
E
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
M
J
M
N
M
N
M
N
N
W
10
16
C
0.56
(0.022)
Contact Factory for Multiples
6
L
25
0201
A
0.33
(0.013)
Letter
Max.
Thickness
16
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
SIZE
0.5
1.0
1.2
1.5
1.8
2.2
2.7
3.3
3.9
4.7
5.6
6.8
8.2
10
12
15
18
22
27
33
39
47
56
68
82
100
120
150
180
220
270
330
390
470
560
680
820
1000
1200
1500
1800
2200
2700
3300
3900
4700
5600
6800
8200
Cap
0.010
(µF)
0.012
0.015
0.018
0.022
0.027
0.033
0.039
0.047
0.068
0.082
0.1
WVDC
6.3
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
100
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
16
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
100
16
WVDC
Cap
(pF)
(t) Terminal
0.60 ± 0.03
(0.024 ± 0.001)
0.30 ± 0.03
(0.011 ± 0.001)
0.15 ± 0.05
(0.006 ± 0.002)
10
16
25
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
T
200
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
M
M
M
M
16
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
M
M
M
M
M
3.20 ± 0.20
(0.126 ± 0.008)
1.60 ± 0.20
(0.063 ± 0.008)
0.50 ± 0.25
(0.020 ± 0.010)
25
50
100
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
M
J
M
M
J
M
P
J
M
P
J
M
P
J
M
P
J
M
P
J
M
M
M
M
M
M
200
16
25
200
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
M
Q
Q
Q
(W) Width
MM
(in.)
MM
(in.)
MM
(in.)
L) Length
t
16
25
50
6.3
0402
E
0.71
(0.028)
PAPER
G
0.86
(0.034)
J
0.94
(0.037)
25
50
0603
K
1.02
(0.040)
M
1.27
(0.050)
25
50
100
0805
N
1.40
(0.055)
P
1.52
(0.060)
Q
X
1.78
2.29
(0.070)
(0.090)
EMBOSSED
50
100
200
1206
Y
2.54
(0.100)
Z
2.79
(0.110)
BB
3.05
(0.120)
CC
3.175
(0.125)
C0G (NP0) Dielectric
Capacitance Range
PREFERRED SIZES ARE SHADED
SIZE
1210
1812
1825
2220
2225
Soldering
Packaging
Reflow/Wave
Paper/Embossed
Reflow Only
All Embossed
Reflow Only
All Embossed
Reflow Only
All Embossed
Reflow Only
All Embossed
3.20 ± 0.20
(0.126 ± 0.008)
2.50 ± 0.20
(0.098 ± 0.008)
0.50 ± 0.25
(0.020 ± 0.010)
50
100
4.50 ± 0.30
(0.177 ± 0.012)
3.20 ± 0.20
(0.126 ± 0.008)
0.61 ± 0.36
(0.024 ± 0.014)
50
100
4.50 ± 0.30
(0.177 ± 0.012)
6.40 ± 0.40
(0.252 ± 0.016)
0.61 ± 0.36
(0.024 ± 0.014)
50
100
200
(L) Length
(W) Width
(t) Terminal
MM
(in.)
MM
(in.)
MM
(in.)
WVDC
25
200
25`
200
5.72 ± 0.25
(0.225 ± 0.010)
6.35 ± 0.25
(0.250 ± 0.010)
0.64 ± 0.39
(0.025 ± 0.015)
50
100
200
200
T
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
N
N
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
N
N
25
50
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
J
J
J
J
M
M
M
Q
Q
100
200
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
M
M
M
M
M
M
CC
CC
CC
CC
25
1210
A
0.33
(0.013)
W
SIZE
Letter
Max.
Thickness
L
Cap
(pF)
0.5
1.0
1.2
1.5
1.8
2.2
2.7
3.3
3.9
4.7
5.6
6.8
8.2
10
12
15
18
22
27
33
39
47
56
68
82
100
120
150
180
220
270
330
390
470
560
680
820
1000
1200
1500
1800
2200
2700
3300
3900
4700
5600
6800
8200
Cap
0.010
(µF)
0.012
0.015
0.018
0.022
0.027
0.033
0.039
0.047
0.068
0.082
0.1
WVDC
5.70 ± 0.40
(0.224 ± 0.016)
5.00 ± 0.40
(0.197 ± 0.016)
0.64 ± 0.39
(0.025 ± 0.015)
50
100
C
0.56
(0.022)
E
0.71
(0.028)
PAPER
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
M
M
P
P
P
P
P
CC
CC
CC
CC
CC
CC
CC
CC
50
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
M
M
X
X
X
X
K
K
K
K
K
P
P
P
P
P
X
X
X
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
100
200
50
1812
G
0.86
(0.034)
J
0.94
(0.037)
K
1.02
(0.040)
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
100
200
50
1825
M
1.27
(0.050)
N
1.40
(0.055)
P
1.52
(0.060)
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
100
200
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
50
2220
Q
X
1.78
2.29
(0.070)
(0.090)
EMBOSSED
Y
2.54
(0.100)
t
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
Y
Y
Y
Y
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
100
200
2225
Z
2.79
(0.110)
BB
3.05
(0.120)
CC
3.175
(0.125)
Contact Factory for Multiples
7
C0G (NP0) Capacitors for RF/Microwave
Ultra Low ESR, “U” Series, C0G (NP0) Chip Capacitors
GENERAL INFORMATION
are met on each value producing lot to lot uniformity.
Sizes available are EIA chip sizes 0603, 0805, and 1210.
“U” Series capacitors are C0G (NP0) chip capacitors specially designed for “Ultra” low ESR for applications in the
communications market. Max ESR and effective capacitance
DIMENSIONS: inches (millimeters)
0402
0603
0805
1210
A
A
C
B
A
A
C
B
D
E
B
B
C
C
D
D
E D
D
Size
A
B
0402
0603
0805
1210
0.039 ± 0.004 (1.00 ± 0.10)
0.060 ± 0.010 (1.52 ± 0.25)
0.079 ± 0.008 (2.01 ± 0.20)
0.126 ± 0.008 (3.2 ± 0.20)
C
D
E
inches (mm)
E
D
0.020 ± 0.004 (0.50 ± 0.10)
0.024 (0.60) max.
N/A
N/A
0.030 ± 0.010 (0.76 ± 0.25)
0.036 (0.91) max.
0.010 ± 0.005 (0.25 ± 0.13)
0.030 (0.76) min.
0.049 ± 0.008 (1.25 ± 0.20) 0.040 ± 0.005 (1.02 ± 0.127) 0.020 ± 0.010 (0.51 ± 0.255) 0.020 (0.51) min.
0.098 ± 0.008 (2.49 ± 0.20) 0.050 ± 0.005 (1.27 ± 0.127) 0.025 ± 0.015 (0.635 ± 0.381) 0.040 (1.02) min.
HOW TO ORDER
0805
1
Case Size
U
100
Dielectric =
Ultra Low
ESR
0402
0603
0805
1210
Voltage
Code
3 = 25V
5 = 50V
1 = 100V
2 = 200V
J
A
T
Capacitance
Tolerance
Code
2
A
Termination
Special
Code
T= Plated Ni
and Solder
B = ±0.1 pF
C = ±0.25 pF
D = ±0.5 pF
F = ±1%
G = ±2%
J = ±5%
Failure Rate
K = ±10%
Code
M = ±20%
A = Not
Capacitance
Applicable
EIA Capacitance Code in pF.
First two digits = significant figures
or “R” for decimal place.
Third digit = number of zeros or after
“R” significant figures.
A = Standard
Packaging
Code
2 = 7" Reel
4 = 13" Reel
9 = Bulk
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Capacitance Values and Tolerances:
Size 0402 - 0.2 pF to 22 pF @ 1 MHz
Size 0603 - 1.0 pF to 100 pF @ 1 MHz
Size 0805 - 1.6 pF to 160 pF @ 1 MHz
Size 1210 - 2.4 pF to 1000 pF @ 1 MHz
Temperature Coefficient of Capacitance (TC):
0 ± 30 ppm/°C (-55° to +125°C)
Insulation Resistance (IR):
1012 Ω min. @ 25°C and rated WVDC
1011 Ω min. @ 125°C and rated WVDC
Working Voltage (WVDC):
Size
0402
0603
0805
1210
8
-
Working Voltage
50 WVDC
200, 100, 50 WVDC
200, 100 WVDC
200, 100 WVDC
Dielectric Working Voltage (DWV):
250% of rated WVDC
Equivalent Series Resistance Typical (ESR):
0402
0603
0805
1210
-
See Performance Curve, page 9
See Performance Curve, page 9
See Performance Curve, page 9
See Performance Curve, page 9
Marking: Laser marking EIA J marking standard
(except 0603) (capacitance code and
tolerance upon request).
MILITARY SPECIFICATIONS
Meets or exceeds the requirements of MIL-C-55681
C0G (NP0) Capacitors for RF/Microwave
Ultra Low ESR, “U” Series, C0G (NP0) Chip Capacitors
CAPACITANCE RANGE
F,G,J,K,M
F,G,J,K,M
50
100
100
N/A
N/A
F,G,J,K,M N/A 100V 100V 200V
N/A
B,C,D
B,C,J,K,M
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
180
200
220
270
300
330
360
390
430
470
510
560
620
680
750
820
910
1000
B,C,J,K,M
F,G,J,K,M
200
B,C,J,K,M 50V 200V 200V 200V
200
7.5
8.2
9.1
10
11
12
13
15
18
20
22
24
27
30
33
36
39
43
47
51
56
68
75
82
91
50V 200V N/A N/A
B,C,D
B,C,D
B,C
B,C,D
1.0
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2.0
2.1
2.2
2.4
2.7
3.0
3.3
3.6
3.9
4.3
4.7
5.1
5.6
6.2
6.8
N/A N/A
N/A
50V
Size
Available
Cap (pF) Tolerance 0402 0603 0805 1210
Size
Available
Cap (pF) Tolerance 0402 0603 0805 1210
B,C
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
Size
Available
Cap (pF) Tolerance 0402 0603 0805 1210
Size
Available
Cap (pF) Tolerance 0402 0603 0805 1210
ULTRA LOW ESR, “U” SERIES
TYPICAL ESR vs. FREQUENCY
0603 “U” SERIES
TYPICAL ESR vs. FREQUENCY
0402 “U” SERIES
1
1
3.9 pF
4.7 pF
5.1 pF
6.8 pF
10.0 pF
15.0 pF
ESR (ohms)
ESR (ohms)
10 pF
15 pF
3.3 pF
0.1
0.01
0.01
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
0
500
1000
1500
2000
Frequency (MHz)
Frequency (MHz)
TYPICAL ESR vs. FREQUENCY
0805 “U” SERIES
TYPICAL ESR vs. FREQUENCY
1210 “U” SERIES
2500
1
1
100 pF
10.0 pF
ESR (ohms)
ESR (ohms)
0.1
0.1
0.1
10 pF
100 pF
300 pF
0.01
0.01
0
500
1000
1500
Frequency (MHz)
2000
2500
0
500
1000
1500
2000
Frequency (MHz)
ESR Measured on the Boonton 34A
9
10
0.1
1.0
1.0
10
10
1210
0603
Capacitance (pF)
0402
100
0805
TYPICAL
SERIES RESONANT FREQUENCY
“U” SERIES CHIP
1000
C0G (NP0) Capacitors for RF/Microwave
Ultra Low ESR, “U” Series, C0G (NP0) Chip Capacitors
Frequency (GHz)
X7R Dielectric
General Specifications
X7R formulations are called “temperature stable” ceramics
and fall into EIA Class II materials. X7R is the most popular
of these intermediate dielectric constant materials. Its temperature variation of capacitance is within ±15% from
-55°C to +125°C. This capacitance change is non-linear.
Capacitance for X7R varies under the influence of electrical
operating conditions such as voltage and frequency.
X7R dielectric chip usage covers the broad spectrum of
industrial applications where known changes in capacitance due to applied voltages are acceptable.
PART NUMBER (see page 2 for complete part number explanation)
0805
5
C
103
M
A
T
2
A
Size
(L" x W")
Voltage
6.3V = 6
10V = Z
16V = Y
25V = 3
50V = 5
100V = 1
200V = 2
Dielectric
X7R = C
Capacitance
Code (In pF)
2 Sig. Digits +
Number of
Zeros
Capacitance
Tolerance
Preferred
J = ± 5%
K = ±10%
M = ± 20%
Failure
Rate
A = Not
Applicable
Terminations
T = Plated Ni
and Sn
7 = Gold
Plated
Packaging
2 = 7" Reel
4 = 13" Reel
7 = Bulk Cass.
9 = Bulk
Special
Code
A = Std.
Product
X7R Dielectric
Typical Temperature Coefficient
Capacitance vs. Frequency
+30
10
+20
% Capacitance
0
-5
-10
-15
-20
0
20
40
60
0
-10
-20
-30
1KHz
-25
-60 -40 -20
+10
80 100 120 140
Temperature °C
10 KHz
100 KHz
10
1206
0805
1210
1,000 pF
Impedance, Impedance, 10,000 pF
1.00
0.10
Frequency, MHz
100
0
0
20
40
1000
1.0
0.1
1
10
80
100
120
Variation of Impedance with Chip Size
Impedance vs. Frequency
100,000 pF - X7R
10
1206
0805
1210
1.0
0.1
.01
.01
60
Temperature °C
Variation of Impedance with Chip Size
Impedance vs. Frequency
10,000 pF - X7R
10.00
100
10 MHz
1,000
Frequency
Variation of Impedance with Cap Value
Impedance vs. Frequency
1,000 pF vs. 10,000 pF - X7R
0805
0.01
10
1 MHz
Insulation Resistance vs Temperature
10,000
Impedance, % Cap Change
5
Insulation Resistance (Ohm-Farads)
Contact
Factory For
Multiples
100
Frequency, MHz
1,000
1
10
100
1,000
Frequency, MHz
11
X7R Dielectric
Specifications and Test Methods
Parameter/Test
Operating Temperature Range
Capacitance
Insulation Resistance
X7R Specification Limits
-55ºC to +125ºC
Within specified tolerance
≤ 2.5% for ≥ 50V DC rating
≤ 3.0% for 25V DC rating
≤ 3.5% for 16V DC rating
≤ 5.0% for ≤ 10V DC rating
100,000MΩ or 1000MΩ - µF,
whichever is less
Dielectric Strength
No breakdown or visual defects
Dissipation Factor
Resistance to
Flexure
Stresses
Appearance
Capacitance
Variation
Dissipation
Factor
Insulation
Resistance
Solderability
Resistance to
Solder Heat
Thermal
Shock
Load Life
Load
Humidity
12
Appearance
Capacitance
Variation
Dissipation
Factor
Insulation
Resistance
Dielectric
Strength
Appearance
Capacitance
Variation
Dissipation
Factor
Insulation
Resistance
Dielectric
Strength
Appearance
Capacitance
Variation
Dissipation
Factor
Insulation
Resistance
Dielectric
Strength
Appearance
Capacitance
Variation
Dissipation
Factor
Insulation
Resistance
Dielectric
Strength
No defects
≤ ±12%
Measuring Conditions
Temperature Cycle Chamber
Freq.: 1.0 kHz ± 10%
Voltage: 1.0Vrms ± .2V
For Cap > 10 µF, 0.5Vrms @ 120Hz
Charge device with rated voltage for
60 ± 5 secs @ room temp/humidity
Charge device with 300% of rated voltage for
1-5 seconds, w/charge and discharge current
limited to 50 mA (max)
Deflection: 2mm
Test Time: 30 seconds
1mm/sec
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
≥ Initial Value x 0.3
≥ 95% of each terminal should be covered
with fresh solder
No defects, <25% leaching of either end terminal
90 mm
Dip device in eutectic solder at 230 ± 5ºC
for 5.0 ± 0.5 seconds
≤ ±7.5%
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
Dip device in eutectic solder at 260ºC for 60
seconds. Store at room temperature for 24 ± 2
hours before measuring electrical properties.
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
No visual defects
Step 1: -55ºC ± 2º
30 ± 3 minutes
≤ ±7.5%
Step 2: Room Temp
≤ 3 minutes
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
Step 3: +125ºC ± 2º
30 ± 3 minutes
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
Step 4: Room Temp
≤ 3 minutes
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
Repeat for 5 cycles and measure after
24 ± 2 hours at room temperature
No visual defects
≤ ±12.5%
≤ Initial Value x 2.0 (See Above)
≥ Initial Value x 0.3 (See Above)
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
No visual defects
≤ ±12.5%
≤ Initial Value x 2.0 (See Above)
≥ Initial Value x 0.3 (See Above)
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
Charge device with twice rated voltage in
test chamber set at 125ºC ± 2ºC
for 1000 hours (+48, -0)
Remove from test chamber and stabilize
at room temperature for 24 ± 2 hours
before measuring.
Store in a test chamber set at 85ºC ± 2ºC/
85% ± 5% relative humidity for 1000 hours
(+48, -0) with rated voltage applied.
Remove from chamber and stabilize at
room temperature and humidity for
24 ± 2 hours before measuring.
X7R Dielectric
Capacitance Range
PREFERRED SIZES ARE SHADED
SIZE
0201
0402
0603
0805
1206
Soldering
Packaging
Reflow Only
All Paper
Reflow Only
All Paper
Reflow/Wave
All Paper
Reflow/Wave
Paper/Embossed
Reflow/Wave
Paper/Embossed
0.60 ± 0.03
(0.024 ± 0.001)
0.30 ± 0.03
(0.011 ± 0.001)
0.15 ± 0.05
(0.006 ± 0.002)
10
16
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
6.3
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
1.00 ± 0.10
(0.040 ± 0.004)
0.50 ± 0.10
(0.020 ± 0.004)
0.25 ± 0.15
(0.010 ± 0.006)
10
16
25
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
1.60 ± 0.15
(0.063 ± 0.006)
0.81 ± 0.15
(0.032 ± 0.006)
0.35 ± 0.15
(0.014 ± 0.006)
16
25
50
2.01 ± 0.20
(0.079 ± 0.008)
1.25 ± 0.20
(0.049 ± 0.008)
0.50 ± 0.25
(0.020 ± 0.010)
16
25
50
100
6.3
10
Letter
Max.
Thickness
16
0201
A
0.33
(0.013)
C
0.56
(0.022)
16
25
10
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
50
6.3
10
16
0402
E
0.71
(0.028)
PAPER
G
0.86
(0.034)
100
200
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
25
50
100
200
10
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
M
M
N
N
N
N
N
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
M
M
M
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
M
M
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
M
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
M
M
M
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
M
M
10
16
25
50
100
200
0603
J
0.94
(0.037)
K
1.02
(0.040)
M
1.27
(0.050)
200
10
16
L
P
1.52
(0.060)
Q
X
1.78
2.29
(0.070)
(0.090)
EMBOSSED
W
200
T
t
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
M
M
M
M
M
P
P
P
Q
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
M
M
M
M
M
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
M
M
Q
Q
Q
Q
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
M
M
M
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
M
M
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
P
P
10
16
25
50
100
200
0805
N
1.40
(0.055)
10
SIZE
6.3
WVDC
50
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
Cap.
(µF)
100
120
150
180
220
270
330
390
470
560
680
820
1000
1200
1500
1800
2200
2700
3300
3900
4700
5600
6800
8200
0.010
0.012
0.015
0.018
0.022
0.027
0.033
0.039
0.047
0.056
0.068
0.082
0.10
0.12
0.15
0.18
0.22
0.27
0.33
0.47
0.56
0.68
0.82
1.0
1.2
1.5
1.8
2.2
3.3
4.7
10
22
47
100
WVDC
Cap
(pF)
(t) Terminal
(W) Width
3.20 ± 0.20
(0.126 ± 0.008)
1.60 ± 0.20
(0.063 ± 0.008)
0.50 ± 0.25
(0.020 ± 0.010)
25
50 100
MM
(in.)
MM
(in.)
MM
(in.)
(L) Length
1206
Y
2.54
(0.100)
Z
2.79
(0.110)
BB
3.05
(0.120)
CC
3.175
(0.125)
Contact Factory for Multiples
13
X7R Dielectric
Capacitance Range
PREFERRED SIZES ARE SHADED
SIZE
1210
1812
1825
2220
2225
Soldering
Packaging
Reflow/Wave
Paper/Embossed
Reflow Only
All Embossed
Reflow Only
All Embossed
Reflow Only
All Embossed
Reflow Only
All Embossed
4.50 ± 0.30
(0.177 ± 0.012)
3.20 ± 0.20
(0.126 ± 0.008)
0.61 ± 0.36
(0.024 ± 0.014)
25
50
4.50 ± 0.30
(0.177 ± 0.012)
6.40 ± 0.40
(0.252 ± 0.016)
0.61 ± 0.36
(0.024 ± 0.014)
50
100
5.7 ± 0.40
(0.224 ± 0.016)
5.0 ± 0.40
(0.197 ± 0.016)
0.64 ± 0.39
(0.025 ± 0.015)
100
200
5.72 ± 0.25
(0.225 ± 0.010)
6.35 ± 0.25
(0.250 ± 0.010)
0.64 ± 0.39
(0.025 ± 0.015)
50
100
(L) Length
(W) Width
(t) Terminal
MM
(in.)
MM
(in.)
MM
(in.)
WVDC
100
120
150
180
220
270
330
390
470
560
680
820
1000
1200
1500
1800
2200
2700
3300
3900
4700
5600
6800
8200
Cap.
0.010
(µF)
0.012
0.015
0.018
0.022
0.027
0.033
0.039
0.047
0.056
0.068
0.082
0.10
0.12
0.15
0.18
0.22
0.27
0.33
0.47
0.56
0.68
0.82
1.0
1.2
1.5
1.8
2.2
3.3
4.7
10
22
47
100
WVDC
10
3.20 ± 0.20
(0.126 ± 0.008)
2.50 ± 0.20
(0.098 ± 0.008)
0.50 ± 0.25
(0.020 ± 0.010)
16
25
50
100
16
100
50
T
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
M
M
M
M
N
N
N
P
Q
Z
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
M
M
P
P
P
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
M
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
M
M
P
P
Z
Z
Z
Z
Z
X
Z
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
M
M
M
M
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
M
M
P
Q
X
X
X
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
Q
Q
Q
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
t
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
200
50
Z
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
P
P
Z
10
C
0.56
(0.022)
Contact Factory for Multiples
14
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
M
M
M
M
N
N
N
N
16
25
50
100
16
1210
A
0.33
(0.013)
W
SIZE
Letter
Max.
Thickness
L
Cap
(pF)
E
0.71
(0.028)
PAPER
25
50
100
1812
G
0.86
(0.034)
J
0.94
(0.037)
K
1.02
(0.040)
M
1.27
(0.050)
50
100
1825
N
1.40
(0.055)
P
1.52
(0.060)
Q
X
1.78
2.29
(0.070)
(0.090)
EMBOSSED
50
100
2220
Y
2.54
(0.100)
100
2225
Z
2.79
(0.110)
BB
3.05
(0.120)
CC
3.175
(0.125)
X5R Dielectric
General Specifications
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
• General Purpose Dielectric for Ceramic Capacitors
• EIA Class II Dielectric
• Temperature variation of capacitance is within ±15%
from -55°C to +85°C
• Well suited for decoupling and filtering applications
• Available in High Capacitance values (up to 100µF)
PART NUMBER (see page 2 for complete part number explanation)
2220
6
D
107
M
A
T
2
A
Size
(L" x W")
Voltage
4 = 4V
6 = 6.3V
Z = 10V
Y = 16V
3 = 25V
D = 35V
Dielectric
D = X5R
Capacitance
Code (In pF)
2 Sig. Digits +
Number of
Zeros
Capacitance
Tolerance
K = ±10%
M = ±20%
Failure
Rate
A = N/A
Terminations
T = Plated Ni
and Sn
Packaging
2 = 7" Reel
4 = 13" Reel
7 = Bulk Cass.
9 = Bulk
Special
Code
A = Std.
Temperature Coefficient
20
% Capacitance
15
10
5
0
-5
-10
-15
-20
-60
-40
-20
0
+20
+40
Temperature °C
+60
+80
Insulation Resistance (Ohm-Farads)
TYPICAL ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Insulation Resistance vs Temperature
10,000
1,000
100
0
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Temperature °C
15
X5R Dielectric
Specifications and Test Methods
Parameter/Test
Operating Temperature Range
Capacitance
Insulation Resistance
X5R Specification Limits
-55ºC to +85ºC
Within specified tolerance
≤ 2.5% for ≥ 50V DC rating
≤ 3.0% for 25V DC rating
≤ 3.5% for 16V DC rating
≤ 5.0% for ≤ 10V DC rating
100,000MΩ or 500MΩ - µF,
whichever is less
Dielectric Strength
No breakdown or visual defects
Dissipation Factor
Resistance to
Flexure
Stresses
Appearance
Capacitance
Variation
Dissipation
Factor
Insulation
Resistance
Solderability
Resistance to
Solder Heat
Thermal
Shock
Load Life
Load
Humidity
16
Appearance
Capacitance
Variation
Dissipation
Factor
Insulation
Resistance
Dielectric
Strength
Appearance
Capacitance
Variation
Dissipation
Factor
Insulation
Resistance
Dielectric
Strength
Appearance
Capacitance
Variation
Dissipation
Factor
Insulation
Resistance
Dielectric
Strength
Appearance
Capacitance
Variation
Dissipation
Factor
Insulation
Resistance
Dielectric
Strength
No defects
≤ ±12%
Measuring Conditions
Temperature Cycle Chamber
Freq.: 1.0 kHz ± 10%
Voltage: 1.0Vrms ± .2V
For Cap > 10 µF, 0.5Vrms @ 120Hz
Charge device with rated voltage for
60 ± 5 secs @ room temp/humidity
Charge device with 300% of rated voltage for
1-5 seconds, w/charge and discharge current
limited to 50 mA (max)
Deflection: 2mm
Test Time: 30 seconds
1mm/sec
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
≥ Initial Value x 0.3
≥ 95% of each terminal should be covered
with fresh solder
No defects, <25% leaching of either end terminal
90 mm
Dip device in eutectic solder at 230 ± 5ºC
for 5.0 ± 0.5 seconds
≤ ±7.5%
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
Dip device in eutectic solder at 260ºC for 60
seconds. Store at room temperature for 24 ± 2
hours before measuring electrical properties.
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
No visual defects
Step 1: -55ºC ± 2º
30 ± 3 minutes
≤ ±7.5%
Step 2: Room Temp
≤ 3 minutes
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
Step 3: +85ºC ± 2º
30 ± 3 minutes
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
Step 4: Room Temp
≤ 3 minutes
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
Repeat for 5 cycles and measure after
24 ± 2 hours at room temperature
No visual defects
≤ ±12.5%
≤ Initial Value x 2.0 (See Above)
≥ Initial Value x 0.3 (See Above)
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
No visual defects
≤ ±12.5%
≤ Initial Value x 2.0 (See Above)
≥ Initial Value x 0.3 (See Above)
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
Charge device with twice rated voltage in
test chamber set at 85ºC ± 2ºC
for 1000 hours (+48, -0)
Remove from test chamber and stabilize
at room temperature for 24 ± 2 hours
before measuring.
Store in a test chamber set at 85ºC ± 2ºC/
85% ± 5% relative humidity for 1000 hours
(+48, -0) with rated voltage applied.
Remove from chamber and stabilize at
room temperature and humidity for
24 ± 2 hours before measuring.
X5R Dielectric
Capacitance Range
PREFERRED SIZES ARE SHADED
SIZE
0201
0402
0603
0805
1206
1210
1812
2220
Soldering
Packaging
Reflow Only
All Paper
Reflow Only
All Paper
Reflow/Wave
All Paper
Reflow/Wave
Paper/Embossed
Reflow/Wave
Paper/Embossed
Reflow/Wave
Paper/Embossed
Reflow Only
All Embossed
Reflow Only
All Embossed
1.00 ± 0.10
(0.040 ± 0.004)
0.50 ± 0.10
(0.020 ± 0.004)
0.25 ± 0.15
(0.010 ± 0.006)
1.60 ± 0.15
(0.063 ± 0.006)
0.81 ± 0.15
(0.032 ± 0.006)
0.35 ± 0.15
(0.014 ± 0.006)
2.01 ± 0.20
(0.079 ± 0.008)
1.25 ± 0.20
(0.049 ± 0.008)
0.50 ± 0.25
(0.020 ± 0.010)
3.20 ± 0.20
(0.126 ± 0.008)
1.60 ± 0.20
(0.063 ± 0.008)
0.50 ± 0.25
(0.020 ± 0.010)
3.20 ± 0.20
(0.126 ± 0.008)
2.50 ± 0.20
(0.098 ± 0.008)
0.50 ± 0.25
(0.020 ± 0.010)
4.50 ± 0.30
(0.177 ± 0.012)
3.20 ± 0.20
(0.126 ± 0.008)
0.61 ± 0.36
(0.024 ± 0.014)
5.70 ± 0.40
(0.225 ± 0.016)
5.00 ± 0.40
(0.197 ± 0.016)
0.64 ± 0.39
(0.025 ± 0.015)
WVDC
10
16
4
6.3
10
16
25
6.3
10
16
25
35
6.3
10
16
25
35
4
6.3 10 16
25
35 6.3 10 16
25
W
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
T
C
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
J
N
N
N
N
J
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
Q
M
M
M
Q
N
N
Q
Q
Q
Q
Q
N
N
N
Q
Q
Q
Q
Q
Q
Q
X
Q
X
Z
Z
Q
Q
Z
X
Z
X
Z
X
4
0201
C
0.56
(0.022)
6.3
10
16
4
0402
E
0.71
(0.028)
PAPER
6.3
10
16
25
6.3
0603
G
0.86
(0.034)
J
0.94
(0.037)
10
16
25
35
0805
K
1.02
(0.040)
M
1.27
(0.050)
6.3
10
16
1206
N
1.40
(0.055)
P
1.52
(0.060)
25
35
4
Z
Z
Z
Z
BB
Z
10
t
C
C
C
C
C
A
0.33
(0.013)
6.3
L
Letter
Max.
Thickness
6.3
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
WVDC
SIZE
4
Cap.
(µF)
10
100
150
220
330
470
680
1000
1200
1500
1800
2200
2700
3300
3900
4700
5600
6800
8200
0.010
0.012
0.015
0.018
0.022
0.027
0.033
0.039
0.047
0.056
0.068
0.082
0.10
0.12
0.15
0.18
0.22
0.27
0.33
0.47
0.56
0.68
0.82
1.0
1.2
1.5
1.8
2.2
3.3
4.7
6.8
10
22
47
100
Cap
(pF)
(t) Terminal
(W) Width
MM
0.60 ± 0.03
(in.) (0.024 ± 0.001)
MM
0.30 ± 0.03
(in.) (0.011 ± 0.001)
MM
0.15 ± 0.05
(in.) (0.006 ± 0.002)
(L) Length
6.3 10 16
25
1210
Q
X
1.78
2.29
(0.070)
(0.090)
EMBOSSED
Y
2.54
(0.100)
Z
35 6.3 10 16
25
1812
Z
2.79
(0.110)
6.3
2220
BB
3.05
(0.120)
CC
3.175
(0.125)
Contact Factory for Multiples
17
Y5V Dielectric
General Specifications
Y5V formulations are for general-purpose use in a limited
temperature range. They have a wide temperature characteristic of +22% –82% capacitance change over the operating
temperature range of –30°C to +85°C.
Y5V’s high dielectric constant allows the manufacture of the
highest capacitance value in a given case size.
These characteristics make Y5V ideal for decoupling applications within limited temperature range.
PART NUMBER (see page 2 for complete part number explanation)
3
G
104
Z
A
T
2
A
Size
(L" x W")
Voltage
6.3V = 6
10V = Z
16V = Y
25V = 3
50V = 5
Dielectric
Y5V = G
Capacitance
Code (In pF)
2 Sig. Digits +
Number of
Zeros
Capacitance
Tolerance
Z = +80 –20%
Failure
Rate
A = Not
Applicable
Terminations
T = Plated Ni
and Sn
Packaging
2 = 7" Reel
4 = 13" Reel
Special
Code
A = Std.
Product
Capacitance Change
vs. DC Bias Voltage
+20
+10
0
-10
-20
-30
-40
-50
-60
-70
-80
+40
+20
c/c (%)
0
-20
-40
-60
-80
-55
-35 -15
-100
0
+5 +25 +45 +65 +85 +105 +125
Temperature °C
80
100
10
1
Frequency (Hz)
10,000,000
+40
+50
+60
+70
+80
+90
1 F - 1206
Impedance vs. Frequency
100
100
10
1
0.01
10,000
+30
Temperature °C
10
1
0.1
0.1
0.1
1,000,000
+20
1,000
|Z| (Ohms)
100
100,000
0
1,000
1,000
|Z| (Ohms)
60
100
0.22 F - 0805
Impedance vs. Frequency
0.1 F - 0603
Impedance vs. Frequency
18
40
1,000
% DC Bias Voltage
10,000
0.01
10,000
20
Insulation Resistance vs. Temperature
10,000
|Z| (Ohms)
% Capacitance
Temperature Coefficient
Insulation Resistance (Ohm-Farads)
0805
100,000
1,000,000
Frequency (Hz)
10,000,000
0.01
10,000
100,000
1,000,000
Frequency (Hz)
10,000,000
Y5V Dielectric
Specifications and Test Methods
Parameter/Test
Operating Temperature Range
Capacitance
Insulation Resistance
Y5V Specification Limits
-30ºC to +85ºC
Within specified tolerance
≤ 5.0% for ≥ 50V DC rating
≤ 7.0% for 25V DC rating
≤ 9.0% for 16V DC rating
≤ 12.5% for ≤ 10V DC rating
100,000MΩ or 500MΩ - µF,
whichever is less
Dielectric Strength
No breakdown or visual defects
Dissipation Factor
Resistance to
Flexure
Stresses
Appearance
Capacitance
Variation
Dissipation
Factor
Insulation
Resistance
Solderability
Resistance to
Solder Heat
Thermal
Shock
Load Life
Load
Humidity
Appearance
Capacitance
Variation
Dissipation
Factor
Insulation
Resistance
Dielectric
Strength
Appearance
Capacitance
Variation
Dissipation
Factor
Insulation
Resistance
Dielectric
Strength
Appearance
Capacitance
Variation
Dissipation
Factor
Insulation
Resistance
Dielectric
Strength
Appearance
Capacitance
Variation
Dissipation
Factor
Insulation
Resistance
Dielectric
Strength
No defects
≤ ±30%
Measuring Conditions
Temperature Cycle Chamber
Freq.: 1.0 kHz ± 10%
Voltage: 1.0Vrms ± .2V
For Cap > 10 µF, 0.5Vrms @ 120Hz
Charge device with rated voltage for
60 ± 5 secs @ room temp/humidity
Charge device with 300% of rated voltage for
1-5 seconds, w/charge and discharge current
limited to 50 mA (max)
Deflection: 2mm
Test Time: 30 seconds
1mm/sec
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
≥ Initial Value x 0.1
≥ 95% of each terminal should be covered
with fresh solder
No defects, <25% leaching of either end terminal
90 mm
Dip device in eutectic solder at 230 ± 5ºC
for 5.0 ± 0.5 seconds
≤ ±20%
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
Dip device in eutectic solder at 260ºC for 60
seconds. Store at room temperature for 24 ± 2
hours before measuring electrical properties.
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
No visual defects
Step 1: -30ºC ± 2º
30 ± 3 minutes
≤ ±20%
Step 2: Room Temp
≤ 3 minutes
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
Step 3: +85ºC ± 2º
30 ± 3 minutes
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
Step 4: Room Temp
≤ 3 minutes
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
Repeat for 5 cycles and measure after
24 ±2 hours at room temperature
No visual defects
≤ ±30%
≤ Initial Value x 1.5 (See Above)
≥ Initial Value x 0.1 (See Above)
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
No visual defects
≤ ±30%
≤ Initial Value x 1.5 (See above)
≥ Initial Value x 0.1 (See Above)
Charge device with twice rated voltage in
test chamber set at 85ºC ± 2ºC
for 1000 hours (+48, -0)
Remove from test chamber and stabilize
at room temperature for 24 ± 2 hours
before measuring.
Store in a test chamber set at 85ºC ± 2ºC/
85% ± 5% relative humidity for 1000 hours
(+48, -0) with rated voltage applied.
Remove from chamber and stabilize at
room temperature and humidity for
24 ± 2 hours before measuring.
Meets Initial Values (As Above)
19
Y5V Dielectric
Capacitance Range
PREFERRED SIZES ARE SHADED
SIZE
0201
0402
0603
0805
1206
1210
Soldering
Packaging
Reflow Only
All Paper
Reflow Only
All Paper
Reflow/Wave
All Paper
Reflow/Wave
Paper/Embossed
Reflow/Wave
Paper/Embossed
Reflow/Wave
Paper/Embossed
0.60 ± 0.03
(0.024 ± 0.001)
0.30 ± 0.03
(0.011 ± 0.001)
0.15 ± 0.05
(0.006 ± 0.002)
6.3
10
1000 pF 1000 pF
A
A
1.00 ± 0.10
(0.040 ± 0.004)
0.50 ± 0.10
(0.020 ± 0.004)
0.25 ± 0.15
(0.010 ± 0.006)
10
16
25
50
1.60 ± 0.15
(0.063 ± 0.006)
.81 ± 0.15
(0.032 ± 0.006)
0.35 ± 0.15
(0.014 ± 0.006)
16
25
3.20 ± 0.20
(0.126 ± 0.008)
1.60 ± 0.20
(0.063 ± 0.008)
0.50 ± 0.25
(0.020 ± 0.010)
16
25
3.20 ± 0.20
(0.126 ± 0.008)
2.50 ± 0.20
(0.098 ± 0.008)
.50 ± 0.25
(0.020 ± 0.010)
16
25
MM
(in.)
MM
(in.)
MM
(in.)
(L) Length
(W) Width
(t) Terminal
WVDC
2200
2700
50
50
10
50
10
50
C
C
C
C
C
5600
6800
8200
A
A
A
A
A
A
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
0.010
0.012
0.015
A
A
A
A
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
0.018
0.022
0.027
A
A
A
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
0.033
0.039
0.047
A
A
A
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
J
J
J
J
0.056
0.068
0.082
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
0.10
0.12
0.15
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
E
J
J
E
J
J
E
J
J
E
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
0.18
0.22
0.27
C
C
C
C
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
M
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
0.33
0.39
0.47
G
G
G
G
G
G
J
J
J
J
J
J
M
M
N
M
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
0.56
0.68
0.82
G
G
G
G
G
G
J
J
M
J
J
M
N
N
N
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
1.0
1.2
1.5
G
G
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
J
J
M
J
J
M
J
M
M
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
J
M
M
1.8
2.2
2.7
N
N
N
N
N
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
J
J
M
J
J
M
J
J
M
3.3
3.9
4.7
N
N
P
M
P
P
M
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
M
W
L
t
N
Q
Q
Q
Q
Q
Q
Q
Q
Q
10.0
12.0
15.0
18.0
22.0
47.0
100.0
Q
Q
X
X
X
X
Q
X
10
16
25
6.3
10
6.3
0201
A
0.33
(0.013)
C
0.56
(0.022)
Contact Factory for Multiples
10
16
25
50
10
0402
E
0.71
(0.028)
PAPER
G
0.86
(0.034)
16
25
50
0603
J
0.94
(0.037)
K
1.02
(0.040)
M
1.27
(0.050)
10
16
25
50
10
0805
N
1.40
(0.055)
P
1.52
(0.060)
T
5.6
6.8
8.2
SIZE
A
A
A
A
A
A
WVDC
20
10
3300
3900
4700
Cap
(µF)
Letter
Max.
Thickness
6.3
Cap
(pF)
2.01 ± 0.20
(0.079 ± 0.008)
1.25 ± 0.20
(0.049 ± 0.008)
0.50 ± 0.25
(0.020 ± 0.010)
10
16
25
16
25
50
1206
Q
X
1.78
2.29
(0.070)
(0.090)
EMBOSSED
Y
2.54
(0.100)
50
1210
Z
2.79
(0.110)
BB
3.05
(0.120)
CC
3.175
(0.125)
Automotive MLCC
Automotive
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
AVX Corporation has supported the Automotive Industry requirements for
Multilayer Ceramic Capacitors consistently for more than 10 years. Products
have been developed and tested specifically for automotive applications and
all manufacturing facilities are QS9000 and VDA 6.4 approved.
As part of our sustained investment in capacity and state of the art
technology, we are now transitioning from the established Pd/Ag electrode
system to a Base Metal Electrode system (BME).
AVX is using AECQ200 as the qualification vehicle for this transition. A
detailed qualification package is available on request and contains results on
a range of part numbers including:
• X7R dielectric components containing BME electrode and copper
terminations with a Ni/Sn plated overcoat.
• X7R dielectric components BME electrode and soft terminations with a
Ni/Sn plated overcoat.
• NP0 dielectric components containing Pd/Ag electrode and silver termination with a Ni/Sn plated overcoat.
HOW TO ORDER
0805
Size
0603
0805
1206
1210
1812
5
Voltage
6.3V = 6
10V = Z
16V = Y
25V = 3
50V = 5
100V = 1
200V = 2
C
104
Dielectric
NP0 = A
X7R = C
Capacitance
Code (In pF)
2 Significant
Digits + Number
of Zeros
e.g. 10µF = 106
K
4
T
2
A
Capacitance
Failure Rate
Packaging
Special Code
Terminations
Tolerance A = Not Applicable T = Plated Ni and Sn
1 = 7" Reel Plastic A = Std. Product
J = ±5%
4 = Automotive
2 = 7" Reel Paper
Z = Soft Termination
K = ±10%
U = Conductive Epoxy 3 = 13" Reel Plastic
M = ±20%
COMMERCIAL VS AUTOMOTIVE MLCC PROCESS COMPARISON
Administrative
Commercial
Standard Part Numbers.
No restriction on who purchases these parts.
Automotive
Specific Automotive Part Number. Used to control
supply of product to Automotive customers.
Design
Minimum ceramic thickness of 0.020"
Minimum Ceramic thickness of 0.029" (0.74mm)
on all X7R product.
Dicing
Side & End Margins = 0.003" min
Side & End Margins = 0.004" min
Cover Layers = 0.005" min
Lot Qualification
(Destructive Physical
Analysis - DPA)
As per EIA RS469
Increased sample plan –
stricter criteria.
Visual/Cosmetic Quality
Standard process and inspection
100% inspection
Application Robustness
Standard sampling for accelerated
wave solder on X7R dielectrics
Increased sampling for accelerated wave solder on
X7R and NP0 followed by lot by lot reliability testing.
All Tests have Accept/Reject Criteria 0/1
21
Automotive MLCC
NP0/X7R Dielectric
SOFT TERMINATION FEATURES
a) Bend Test
The capacitor is soldered to the PC Board as shown:
b) Temperature Cycle testing
“Soft Termination” has the ability to withstand at least
1000 cycles between –55°C and +125°C
1mm/sec
90 mm
Typical bend test results are shown below:
Style
Conventional Term
0603
>2mm
0805
>2mm
1206
>2mm
Soft Term
>5
>5
>5
ELECTRODE AND TERMINATION OPTIONS
NP0 DIELECTRIC
NP0 Ag/Pd Electrode
Nickel Barrier Termination
PCB Application
Sn
Ni
Ag
Figure 1 Termination Code T
X7R DIELECTRIC
X7R Nickel Electrode
Soft Termination
PCB Application
X7R Dielectric
PCB Application
Ni
Cu
Epoxy
Ni
Sn
Sn
Ni
Cu
Figure 2 Termination Code T
Figure 3 Termination Code Z
Conductive Epoxy Termination
Hybrid Application
Cu
Termination
Ni
Conductive
Epoxy
Figure 4 Termination Code U
22
Ni
NP0 Automotive
Capacitance Range (Ni Barrier Termination)
0603
25V
0805
50V
100V
25V
50V
100V
25V
1206
50V
100V
25V
50V
100V
25V
1210
1812
50V
100V
25V
50V
100V
200V
50V
50V
100V
25V
50V
100V
200V
50V
100V
R47
R51
R56
R62
R68
R75
R82
R91
1R0
1R2
1R5
1R8
2R0
2R2
2R4
2R7
3R0
3R3
3R6
3R9
4R3
4R7
5R1
5R6
6R2
6R8
7R5
8R2
9R1
100
120
150
180
220
270
330
390
470
510
560
680
820
101
121
151
181
221
271
331
391
471
561
681
821
102
122
152
182
222
272
332
392
472
562
682
822
103
25V
0603
0805
1206
1210
100V
1812
= Paper Tape
= Plastic Tape
23
BME X7R Automotive
Capacitance Range (Ni Barrier Termination)
0603
16V
25V
16V
25V
0805
50V
100V
200V
16V
25V
50V
100V
200V
16V
25V
1206
50V
100V
200V
16V
25V
50V
100V
200V
16V
25V
1210
50V
100V
200V
16V
25V
50V
100V
200V
16V
25V
1812
50V
100V
200V
16V
25V
50V
100V
200V
16V
25V
50V
100V
200V
50V
100V
200V
101
121
151
181
221
271
331
391
471
561
681
821
102
122
152
182
222
272
332
392
472
562
682
822
103
123
153
183
223
273
333
393
473
563
683
823
104
124
154
184
224
274
334
394
474
564
684
824
105
155
0603
= Paper Tape
= Plastic Tape
24
0805
1206
1210
1812
Capacitor Array
Capacitor Array (IPC)
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
0405 - 2 Element
0508 - 4 Element
0508 - 2 Element
0612 - 4 Element
AVX is the market leader in the development and manufacture of
capacitor arrays. The smallest array option available from AVX the
0405 2-element device, has been an enormous success in the
Telecommunications market. The array family of products also
includes the 0612 4-element device as well as 0508 2-element
and 4-element series, all of which have received widespread
acceptance in the marketplace.
AVX capacitor arrays are available in X5R, X7R and NP0 (C0G)
ceramic dielectrics to cover a broad range of capacitance values.
Voltage ratings from 6.3 Volts up to 100 Volts are offered.
Key markets for capacitor arrays are Mobile and Cordless Phones,
Digital Set Top Boxes, Computer Motherboards and Peripherals
as well as Automotive applications, RF Modems, Networking
Products etc.
AVAILABLE CAPACITANCE VALUES
Case
Size
NP0/C0G
Voltage
Min. Cap
10v
16v
25v
50v
100v
10v
16v
25v
50v
100v
6.3v
16v
25v
50v
100v
10v
16v
25v
50v
0612
4 element
0508
4 element
0508
2 element
0405
2 element
X5R/X7R
Max. Cap.
100
100
100
100
471
471
471
391
100
100
100
100
271
271
271
221
100
100
100
100
471
471
471
391
100
100
100
101
101
101
Min. Cap.
Max. Cap.
124
221
221
221
221
104
221
221
221
221
474
104
104
473
223
154
104
183
183
472
105
104
333
333
682
104
223
682
682
221
221
221
221
273
121
121
121
= X5R
HOW TO ORDER
W
2
A
4
3
Style
Case
Size
1 = 0405
2 = 0508
3 = 0612
Array
Number
of Caps
Voltage
6 = 6.3V
Z = 10V
Y = 16V
3 = 25V
5 = 50V
1 = 100V
26
C
103
Dielectric Capacitance
Code (In pF)
A = NP0
2 Sig Digits +
C = X7R
Number of
D = X5R
Zeros
M
A
T
2A
Capacitance
Tolerance
J = ±5%
K = ±10%
M = ±20%
Failure
Rate
Termination
Code
T = Plated Ni
and Solder
Packaging &
Quantity
Code
2A = 7" Reel (4000)
4A = 13" Reel (10000)
2F = 7" Reel (1000)
Capacitor Array
Capacitor Array (IPC)
BENEFITS OF USING CAPACITOR
ARRAYS
AVX capacitor arrays offer designers the opportunity to
lower placement costs, increase assembly line output
through lower component count per board and to reduce
real estate requirements.
Reduced Costs
Placement costs are greatly reduced by effectively placing
one device instead of four or two. This results in increased
throughput and translates into savings on machine time.
Inventory levels are lowered and further savings are made
on solder materials etc.
Space Saving
Space savings can be quite dramatic when compared to
the use of discrete chip capacitors. As an example, the
0508 4-element array offers a space reduction of >40% vs.
4 x 0402 discrete capacitors and of >70% vs. 4 x 0603
discrete capacitors. (This calculation is dependent on the
spacing of the discrete components.)
Increased Throughput
Assuming that there are 220 passive components placed in
a mobile phone:
A reduction in the passive count to 200 (by replacing
discrete components with arrays) results in an increase in
throughput of approximately. 9%.
A reduction of 40 placements increases throughput by 18%.
For high volume users of cap arrays using the very latest
placement equipment capable of placing 10 components
per second, the increase in throughput can be very significant and can have the overall effect of reducing the number
of placement machines required to mount components:
If 120 million 2-element arrays or 40 million 4-element arrays
were placed in a year, the requirement for placement
equipment would be reduced by one machine.
During a 20Hr operational day a machine places 720K
components. Over a working year of 167 days the machine
can place approximately 120 million. If 2-element arrays are
mounted instead of discrete components, then the number
of placements is reduced by a factor of two and in the
scenario where 120 million 2-element arrays are placed
there is a saving of one pick and place machine.
Smaller volume users can also benefit from replacing
discrete components with arrays. The total number of
placements is reduced thus creating spare capacity on
placement machines. This in turn generates the opportunity
to increase overall production output without further investment in new equipment.
W2A (0508) Capacitor Arrays
4 pcs 0402 Capacitors
=
1 pc 0508 Array
1.88
(0.074)
1.0
1.4
(0.055) (0.039)
5.0 (0.197)
AREA = 7.0mm2 (0.276 in2)
2.1 (0.083)
AREA = 3.95mm2 (0.156 in2)
The 0508 4-element capacitor array gives a PCB space saving of over 40%
vs four 0402 discretes and over 70% vs four 0603 discrete capacitors.
W3A (0612) Capacitor Arrays
4 pcs 0603 Capacitors
=
1 pc 0612 Array
2.0
(0.079)
2.3
1.5
(0.091) (0.059)
6.0 (0.236)
AREA = 13.8mm2 (0.543 in2)
3.2 (0.126)
AREA = 6.4mm2 (0.252 in2)
The 0612 4-element capacitor array gives a PCB space saving of over 50%
vs four 0603 discretes and over 70% vs four 0805 discrete capacitors.
27
Capacitor Array
Multi-Value Capacitor Array (IPC)
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
A recent addition to the array product range is the MultiValue Capacitor Array. These devices combine two different
capacitance values in standard ‘Cap Array’ packages and
are available with a maximum ratio between the two capacitance values of 100:1. The multi-value array is currently
available in the 0405 and 0508 2-element styles.
Whereas to date AVX capacitor arrays have been suited to
applications where multiple capacitors of the same value are
used, the multi-value array introduces a new flexibility to the
range. The multi-value array can replace discrete capacitors
of different values and can be used for broadband decoupling applications. The 0508 x 2 element multi-value array
would be particularly recommended in this application.
Another application is filtering the 900/1800 or 1900MHz
noise in mobile phones. The 0405 2-element, low capacitance value NP0, (C0G) device would be suited to this
application, in view of the space saving requirements of
mobile phone manufacturers.
ADVANTAGES OF THE MULTI-VALUE
CAPACITOR ARRAYS
Enhanced Performance Due to Reduced Parasitic
Inductance
When connected in parallel, not only do discrete capacitors
of different values give the desired self-resonance, but an
additional unwanted parallel resonance also results. This
parallel resonance is induced between each capacitor's
self-resonant frequencies and produces a peak in impedance response. For decoupling and bypassing applications
this peak will result in a frequency band of reduced decoupling and in filtering applications reduced attenuation.
The multi-value capacitor array, combining capacitors in one
unit, virtually eliminates the problematic parallel resonance,
by minimizing parasitic inductance between the capacitors,
thus enhancing the broadband decoupling/filtering performance of the part.
Reduced ESR
An advantage of connecting two capacitors in parallel is a
significant reduction in ESR. However, as stated above,
using discrete components brings with it the unwanted side
effect of parallel resonance. The multi-value cap array is
an excellent alternative as not only does it perform the
same function as parallel capacitors but also it reduces the
uncertainty of the frequency response.
HOW TO ORDER
W
Style
2
Case
Size
1 = 0405
2 = 0508
A
2
Array
Number
of Caps
Y
Voltage
6 = 6.3V
Z = 10V
Y = 16V
3 = 25V
5 = 50V
1 = 100V
C
Dielectric
A = NP0
C = X7R
D = X5R
102M
104M
1st Value
2nd Value
Capacitance Capacitance
Code (In pF)
Tolerance
2 Sig. Digits +
K = ±10%
Number of
M = ±20%
Zeros
A
T
2A
Failure
Rate
Termination
Code
T = Plated Ni
and Sn
Packaging &
Quantity
Code
2A = 7" Reel (4000)
4A = 13" Reel (10000)
2F = 7" Reel (1000)
IMPEDANCE vs FREQUENCY
MULTI-VALUE ARRAY COMPARED TO DISCRETE CAPACITORS
10nF / 100nF Capacitor
Impedance vs Frequency
1
Impedance (Ohms)
2xDiscrete Caps (0603)
0.8
0.6
0.4
Multi Value Cap (0508)
0.2
0
1
10
100
Frequency (MHz)
28
1000
Capacitor Array
NP0/C0G
X7R/X5R
SIZE
# Elements
0405
2
0508
2
0508
4
0612
4
Soldering
Packaging
MM
Length
(in.)
MM
Width
(in.)
Max.
MM
Thickness (in.)
WVDC
Cap
1.0
(pF)
1.2
1.5
1.8
2.2
2.7
3.3
3.9
4.7
5.6
6.8
8.2
10
12
15
18
22
27
33
39
47
56
68
82
100
120
150
180
220
270
330
390
470
560
680
820
1000
1200
1500
1800
2200
2700
3300
3900
4700
5600
6800
8200
Cap 0.010
(µF)
Reflow Only
All Paper
1.00 ± 0.15
(0.039 ± 0.006)
1.37 ± 0.15
(0.054 ± 0.006)
0.66
(0.026)
Reflow/Wave
All Paper
1.30 ± 0.15
(0.051 ± 0.006)
2.10 ± 0.15
(0.083 ± 0.006)
0.94
(0.037)
Reflow/Wave
Paper/Embossed
1.30 ± 0.15
(0.051 ± 0.006)
2.10 ± 0.15
(0.083 ± 0.006)
0.94
(0.037)
Reflow/Wave
Paper/Embossed
1.60 ± 0.20
(0.063 ± 0.008)
3.20 ± 0.20
(0.126 ± 0.008)
1.35
(0.053)
10 16
= NP0/C0G
25
50 6.3 16
25
50 100 10 16
25
50 100 16
25
SIZE
# Elements
0405
2
0508
2
0508
4
0612
4
Soldering Reflow Only
Reflow/Wave
Reflow/Wave
Reflow/Wave
Packaging
All Paper
All Paper
Paper/Embossed
Paper/Embossed
MM 1.00 ± 0.15
1.30 ± 0.15
1.30 ± 0.15
1.60 ± 0.20
Length
(in.) (0.039 ± 0.006)
(0.051 ± 0.006)
(0.051 ± 0.006)
(0.063 ± 0.008)
MM 1.37 ± 0.15
2.10 ± 0.15
2.10 ± 0.15
3.20 ± 0.20
Width
(in.) (0.054 ± 0.006)
(0.083 ± 0.006)
(0.083 ± 0.006)
(0.126 ± 0.008)
Max.
MM
0.66
0.94
0.94
1.35
Thickness (in.)
(0.026)
(0.037)
(0.037)
(0.053)
50 100
WVDC 10 16 25 50 6.3 16 25 50 100 10 16 25 50 100 10 16 25 50 100
Cap 100
(pF)
120
150
180
220
270
330
390
470
560
680
820
1000
1200
1500
1800
2200
2700
3300
3900
4700
5600
6800
8200
Cap 0.010 µF
0.012
0.015
0.018
0.022
0.027
0.033
0.039
0.047
0.056
0.068
0.082
0.10
0.12
0.15
0.18
0.22
0.27
0.33
0.47
0.56
0.68
0.82
1.0
1.2
1.5
1.8
2.2
3.3
4.7
10
22
47
100
= X7R
= X5R
29
Capacitor Array
PART & PAD LAYOUT DIMENSIONS
0405 - 2 Element
PAD LAYOUT
millimeters (inches)
0612 - 4 Element
PAD LAYOUT
W
W
E
E
X
X
P
D
S
P
S
S
D
S
A
A
B
T
C
C
C/L
OF CHIP
BW
B
T
BW
C/L OF CHIP
C
L
C
L
BL L
BL
L
0508 - 2 Element
PAD LAYOUT
0508 - 4 Element
PAD LAYOUT
E
E
W
P
S
D
W
S
D
X
X
A
P
S
S
A
B
B
C
T
T
BW
BW
C/L
OF CHIP
C
C/L OF CHIP
C
L
C
L
BL
L
BL L
PART DIMENSIONS
PAD LAYOUT DIMENSIONS
0405 - 2 Element
L
W
1.00 ± 0.15
1.37 ± 0.15
(0.039 ± 0.006) (0.054 ± 0.006)
0405 - 2 Element
T
0.66 MAX
(0.026 MAX)
BW
BL
0.36 ± 0.10
0.20 ± 0.10
(0.014 ± 0.004) (0.008 ± 0.004)
P
S
0.64 REF
0.32 ± 0.10
(0.025 REF) (0.013 ± 0.004)
0508 - 2 Element
L
W
1.30 ± 0.15
2.10 ± 0.15
(0.051 ± 0.006) (0.083 ± 0.006)
W
1.30 ± 0.15
2.10 ± 0.15
(0.051 ± 0.006) (0.083 ± 0.006)
0.94 MAX
(0.037 MAX)
BW
BL
0.43 ± 0.10
0.33 ± 0.08
(0.017 ± 0.004) (0.013 ± 0.003)
P
S
1.00 REF
0.50 ± 0.10
(0.039 REF) (0.020 ± 0.004)
W
1.60 ± 0.20
3.20 ± 0.20
(0.063 ± 0.008) (0.126 ± 0.008)
30
C
D
E
1.20
(0.047)
0.30
(0.012)
0.64
(0.025)
A
B
C
D
E
0.68
(0.027)
1.32
(0.052)
2.00
(0.079)
0.46
(0.018)
1.00
(0.039)
0508 - 4 Element
T
0.94 MAX
(0.037 MAX)
BW
BL
0.25 ± 0.06
0.20 ± 0.08
(0.010 ± 0.003) (0.008 ± 0.003)
P
X
S
0.50 REF
0.75 ± 0.10
0.25 ± 0.10
(0.020 REF) (0.030 ± 0.004) (0.010 ± 0.004)
A
B
C
D
E
0.56
(0.022)
1.32
(0.052)
1.88
(0.074)
0.30
(0.012)
0.50
(0.020)
0612 - 4 Element
0612 - 4 Element
L
B
0.74
(0.029)
0508 - 2 Element
T
0508 - 4 Element
L
A
0.46
(0.018)
T
1.35 MAX
(0.053 MAX)
BW
BL
+0.25
0.41 ± 0.10
0.18 -0.08
(0.016 ± 0.004) (0.007+0.010 )
-0.003
P
X
S
0.76 REF
1.14 ± 0.10
0.38 ± 0.10
(0.030 REF) (0.045 ± 0.004) (0.015 ± 0.004)
A
B
C
D
E
0.89
(0.035)
1.65
(0.065)
2.54
(0.100)
0.46
(0.018)
0.79
(0.031)
Low Inductance Capacitors
Introduction
Multiple terminations of a capacitor will also help in reducing
the parasitic inductance of the device. The IDC is such a
device. By terminating one capacitor with 8 connections the
ESL can be reduced even further. The measured inductance
of the 0612 IDC is 120 pH, while the 0508 comes in around
95 pH. These FR4 mountable devices allow for even higher
clock speeds in a digital decoupling scheme. Design and
product offerings are shown on pages 35 and 36.
Spinguard
-
2000 pH
+
-
-
2000
INTERDIGITATED CAPACITORS
+
As switching speeds increase and pulse rise times decrease
the need to reduce inductance becomes a serious limitation
for improved system performance. Even the decoupling
capacitors, that act as a local energy source, can generate
unacceptable voltage spikes: V = L (di/dt). Thus, in high
speed circuits, where di/dt can be quite large, the size of the
voltage spike can only be reduced by reducing L.
Figure 1 displays the evolution of ceramic capacitor toward
lower inductance designs over the last few years. AVX has
been at the forefront in the design and manufacture of these
newer more effective capacitors.
+
1500
1206 MLC
1200 pH
450 pH
500
+
pH
0612 LICC
-
1000
0508 LICC
400 pH
0
1990s
1980s
Figure 1. The evolution of Low Inductance Capacitors at AVX
(values given for a 100 nF capacitor of each style)
LOW INDUCTANCE CHIP CAPACITORS
The total inductance of a chip capacitor is determined both
by its length to width ratio and by the mutual inductance
coupling between its electrodes. Thus a 1210 chip size has
lower inductance than a 1206 chip. This design improvement is the basis of AVX’s low inductance chip capacitors, LI
Caps, where the electrodes are terminated on the long side
of the chip instead of the short side. The 1206 becomes an
0612 as demonstrated in Figure 2. In the same manner, an
0805 becomes an 0508 and 0603 becomes an 0306. This
results in a reduction in inductance from around 1200 pH
for conventional MLC chips to below 400 pH for Low
Inductance Chip Capacitors. Standard designs and performance of these LI Caps are given on pages 33 and 34.
LOW INDUCTANCE CHIP ARRAYS (LICA®)
Further reduction in inductance can be achieved by designing
alternative current paths to minimize the mutual inductance
factor of the electrodes (Figure 3). This is achieved by AVX’s
LICA® product which was the result of a joint development
between AVX and IBM. As shown in Figure 4, the charging
current flowing out of the positive plate returns in the opposite
direction along adjacent negative plates. This minimizes the
mutual inductance.
The very low inductance of the LICA capacitor stems from
the short aspect ratio of the electrodes, the arrangement of
the tabs so as to cancel inductance, and the vertical aspect
of the electrodes to the mounting surface.
Net
Inductance
Charges leaving + plate
25 pH
Charges entering - plate
0612 IDC 0508 IDC
LICA
95 pH
120 pH
Charges leaving + plate
325 pH
Charges entering - plate
0306 LICC
Net
Inductance
1206
0612
Figure 2. Change in aspect ratio: 1206 vs. 0612
Figure 3. Net Inductance from design. In the
standard Multilayer capacitor, the charge currents
entering and leaving the capacitor create complementary
flux fields, so the net inductance is greater. On the right,
however, if the design permits the currents
to be opposed, there is a net cancellation, and the
inductance is much lower.
31
Low Inductance Capacitors
Introduction
Also the effective current path length is minimized because
the current does not have to travel the entire length of both
electrodes to complete the circuit. This reduces the self
inductance of the electrodes. The self inductance is also minimized by the fact that the charging current is supplied by
both sets of terminals reducing the path length even further!
The inductance of this arrangement is less than 50 pH,
causing the self-resonance to be above 100 MHz for the
same popular 100 nF capacitance. Parts available in the
LICA design are shown on pages 37 and 38.
Figure 5 compares the self resonant frequencies of various
capacitor designs versus capacitance values. The approximate inductance of each style is also shown.
Figure 4. LICA’s Electrode/Termination Construction.
The current path is minimized – this reduces self-inductance.
Current flowing out of the positive plate, returns in the
opposite direction along the adjacent negative plate –
this reduces the mutual inductance.
Active development continues on low inductance
capacitors. C4 termination with low temperature solder
is now available for plastic packages. Consult AVX
for details.
ries
LIC
A
ico
90
80
70
Hen
50
100
e, P
100
tanc
60
duc
50
30
0
200
20
0
8 ID
C
061
2 ID
mat
500
100
050
e In
40
050
App
roxi
Self Resonant Frequency, MHz
200
C
8
030
6
061
2
10
10
6
20
30
40
50
60
70
80 90
100
Capacitance, Nano-Farads
Self Resonant Frequencies vs. Capacitance and Capacitor Design
Figure 5
32
080
120
5
200
Low Inductance Capacitors
0612/0508/0306 LICC (Low Inductance Chip Capacitors)
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The total inductance of a chip capacitor is determined both by its
length to width ratio and by the mutual inductance coupling
between its electrodes.
Thus a 1210 chip size has a lower inductance than a 1206 chip.
This design improvement is the basis of AVX’s Low Inductance
Chip Capacitors (LICC), where the electrodes are terminated on the
long side of the chip instead of the short side. The 1206 becomes
an 0612, in the same manner, an 0805 becomes an 0508, an 0603
becomes an 0306. This results in a reduction in inductance from
the 1nH range found in normal chip capacitors to less than 0.4nH
for LICCs. Their low profile is also ideal for surface mounting (both
on the PCB and on IC package) or inside cavity mounting on the
IC itself.
LICC
MLCC
HOW TO ORDER
0612
Z
D
105
M
A
T
2
A*
Size
0306
0508
0612
Voltage
6 = 6.3V
Z = 10V
Y = 16V
3 = 25V
Dielectric
C = X7R
D = X5R
Capacitance
Code (In pF)
2 Sig. Digits +
Number of Zeros
Capacitance
Tolerance
K = ±10%
M = ±20%
Failure Rate
A = N/A
Terminations
T = Plated Ni
and Sn
Packaging
Available
2 = 7" Reel
4 = 13" Reel
Thickness
Thickness
mm (in)
0.56 (0.022)
0.61 (0.024)
0.76 (0.030)
1.02 (0.040)
1.27 (0.050)
PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
Capacitance Tolerances
Operation
Temperature Range
Temperature Coefficient
Voltage Ratings
Dissipation Factor
Insulation Resistance
(@+25°C, RVDC)
K = ±10%; M = ±20%
X7R = -55°C to +125°C;
X5R = -55°C to +85°C
±15% (0VDC)
6.3, 10, 16, 25 VDC
6.3V = 6.5% max; 10V = 5.0% max;
16V = 3.5% max; 25V = 3.0% max
100,000MΩ min, or 1,000MΩ per
µF min.,whichever is less
TYPICAL INDUCTANCE
Package Style
Measured
Inductance (pH)
1206 MLCC
1200
0612 LICC
450
0508 LICC
400
0306 LICC
325
*Note: See Range Chart for Codes
TYPICAL IMPEDANCE CHARACTERISTICS
10
10
0508
1.0
0.1
Impedance (Ohms)
Impedance (Ohms)
0805
1206
1.0
0612
0.1
.01
.01
1
10
100
Frequency (MHz)
1000
1
10
100
1000
Frequency (MHz)
33
Low Inductance Capacitors
0612/0508/0306 LICC (Low Inductance Chip Capacitors)
SIZE
MM
(in.)
MM
(in.)
Length
Width
WVDC
CAP (uF)
and Thickness
0306
0508
0612
0.81 ± 0.15
(0.032 ± 0.006)
1.60 ± 0.15
(0.063 ± 0.006)
1.27 ± 0.25
(0.050 ± 0.010)
2.00 ± 0.25
(0.080 ± 0.010)
1.60 ± 0.25
(0.063 ± 0.010)
3.20 ± 0.25
(0.126 ± 0.010)
10
16
6.3
10
16
25
6.3
10
16
PHYSICAL DIMENSIONS AND
PAD LAYOUT
25
t
W
0.010
T
0.015
0.022
L
0.047
0.068
PHYSICAL CHIP DIMENSIONS
0.10
0.15
0612
0.22
0508
0.47
0306
0.68
mm (in)
L
W
t
1.60 ± 0.25
(0.063 ± 0.010)
1.27 ± 0.25
(0.050 ± 0.010)
0.81 ± 0.15
(0.032 ± 0.006)
3.20 ± 0.25
(0.126 ± 0.010)
2.00 ± 0.25
(0.080 ± 0.010)
1.60 ± 0.15
(0.063 ± 0.006)
0.13 min.
(0.005 min.)
0.13 min.
(0.005 min.)
0.13 min.
(0.005 min.)
T - See Range Chart for Thickness and Codes
1.0
1.5
PAD LAYOUT DIMENSIONS
2.2
0612
0508
0306
3.3
Consult factory for additional requirements
Solid = X7R
= X5R
mm (in.)
mm (in.)
0508
0612
Code Thickness
Code Thickness
Code Thickness
0.61 (0.024)
B
C
0.76 (0.030)
3.05 (0.120)
.635 (0.025)
0.51 (0.020)
2.03 (0.080)
0.51 (0.020)
0.31 (0.012)
1.52 (0.060)
0.51 (0.020)
mm (in.)
0306
A
mm (in)
A
S
0.56 (0.022)
S
0.56 (0.022)
V
0.76 (0.030)
V
0.76 (0.030)
A
1.02 (0.040)
W
1.02 (0.040)
A
1.27 (0.050)
“B”
C
34
“A”
C
Low Inductance Capacitors
0612/0508 IDC (InterDigitated Capacitors)
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
• Very low equivalent series inductance (ESL), surface mountable,
high speed decoupling capacitor in 0612 and 0508 case size.
• Measured inductances of 120 pH (for 0612) and 95 pH (for 0508)
are the lowest in the FR4 mountable device family.
• Opposing current flow creates opposing magnetic fields. This
causes the fields to cancel, effectively reducing the equivalent
series inductance.
• Perfect solution for decoupling high speed microprocessors by
allowing the engineers to lower the power delivery inductance of
the entire system through the use of eight vias.
• Overall reduction in decoupling components due to very low
series inductance and high capacitance.
0612
0508
+
–
–
–
+
+
+
–
HOW TO ORDER
W
Style
3
L
1
6
D
225
M
T
A
3
A
Case
Low
Number Voltage Dielectric Capacitance Capacitance Failure Termination Packaging
Tolerance
Size
Inductance of Caps 4 = 4V
Rate T = Plated Ni
C = X7R Code (In pF)
Available
2 = 0508 ESL = 95pH
6 = 6.3V
D = X5R 2 Sig. Digits + M = ±20% A = N/A
and Sn
1=7" Reel
Number of
(Preferred)
3 = 0612 ESL = 120pH
Z = 10V
3=13" Reel
Zeros
K = ±10%
Y = 16V
Thickness
Max. Thickness
mm (in.)
A=0.95 (0.037)
S=0.55 (0.022)
PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
Capacitance Tolerance
±20% Preferred (10% Available)
Operation
X7R = -55°C to +125°C;
Temperature Range
X5R = -55°C to +85°C
Temperature Coefficient ±15% (0VDC)
Voltage Ratings
4, 6.3, 10, 16 VDC
Dissipation Factor
4V, 6.3V = 6.5% max;
10V = 5.0% max;
16V = 3.5% max
Insulation Resistance
100,000MΩ min, or 1,000MΩ per
(@+25°C, RVDC)
µF min.,whichever is less
Dielectric Strength
No problems observed after 2.5 x RVDC
for 5 seconds at 50mA max current
CTE (ppm/C)
12.0
Thermal Conductivity 4-5W/M K
Terminations
Available
Max. Thickness
Plated Nickel and Solder
0.037" (0.95mm)
TYPICAL ESL AND IMPEDANCE
30
IDC
1206 MLCC
1200
0612 LICC
450
0612 IDC
120
0508 IDC
95
10
1µF Caps
Impedance
Package Style
Measured
Inductance (pH)
3
0612
1
1206
0.3
0.1
0.03
0.01
0.1
1
10
Frequency (MHz)
100
1000
35
Low Inductance Capacitors
0612/0508 IDC (InterDigitated Capacitors)
SIZE
Thin 0508
MM
(in.)
MM
Width
(in.)
Terminal
MM
Pitch
(in.)
Thickness MM
(in.)
Inductance (pH)
WVDC
CAP (uF)
and Thickness
2.03 ± 0.20
(0.080 ± 0.008)
1.27 ± 0.20
(0.050 ± 0.008)
0.508 REF
0.020 REF
0.55 MAX.
(0.022) MAX.
95
4
6.3
10
16
Length
0508
Thin 0612
2.03 ± 0.20
(0.080 ± 0.008)
1.27 ± 0.20
(0.050 ± 0.008)
0.508 REF
0.020 REF
0.95 MAX.
(0.037) MAX.
95
6.3
10
16
4
0612
3.20 ± 0.20
(0.126 ± 0.008)
1.60 ± 0.20
(0.063 ± 0.008)
0.76 REF
0.030 REF
0.55 MAX.
(0.022) MAX.
120
4
6.3
10
16
4
3.20 ± 0.20
(0.126 ± 0.008)
1.60 ± 0.20
(0.063 ± 0.008)
0.76 REF
0.030 REF
0.95 MAX.
(0.037) MAX.
120
6.3
10
16
0.047
0.068
0.10
0.22
0.33
0.47
0.68
1.0
Consult factory for additional requirements
1.5
= X7R
2.2
= X5R
3.3
PHYSICAL DIMENSIONS AND PAD LAYOUT
L
X
X
P
S
S
T
E
D
BW
C/L OF CHIP
C
L
A
B
C
BL
W
PHYSICAL CHIP DIMENSIONS
0612
L
W
BW
3.20 ± 0.20
1.60 ± 0.20
0.41 ± 0.10
(0.126 ± 0.008) (0.063 ± 0.008) (0.016 ± 0.004)
PAD LAYOUT
DIMENSIONS
0612
millimeters (inches)
BL
0.18 +0.25
-0.08
(0.007+0.010
)
-0.003
P
X
S
0.76 REF
1.14 ± 0.10
0.38 ± 0.10
(0.030 REF) (0.045 ± 0.004) (0.015 ± 0.004)
0508
L
2.03±0.20
(0.080±0.008)
36
A
B
C
D
E
0.89
1.65
2.54
0.46
0.76
(0.035) (0.065) (0.100) (0.018) (0.030)
0508
W
BW
BL
P
1.27±0.20
(0.050±0.008)
0.254±0.10
(0.010±0.004)
0.18 +0.25
-0.08
(0.007 +0.010
)
-0.003
0.508 REF
(0.020 REF)
X
S
0.76±0.10
0.254±0.10
(0.030±0.004) (0.010±.0.004)
A
B
C
D
E
0.64
1.27
1.91
0.28
0.51
(0.025) (0.050) (0.075) (0.011) (0.020)
Low Inductance Capacitors
LICA® (Low Inductance Decoupling Capacitor Arrays)
LICA® arrays utilize up to four separate capacitor sections in one
ceramic body (see Configurations and Capacitance Options). These
designs exhibit a number of technical advancements:
Low Inductance features–
Low resistance platinum electrodes in a low aspect ratio pattern
Double electrode pickup and perpendicular current paths
C4 “flip-chip” technology for minimal interconnect inductance
HOW TO ORDER
LICA 3
T
Style
&
Size
Voltage
5V = 9
25V = 3
50V = 5
102
M
F
3
Dielectric Cap/Section Capacitance Height
D = X5R
(EIA Code)
Tolerance
Code
T = T55T 102 = 1000 pF M = ±20% 6 = 0.500mm
S = High K 103 = 10 nF
P = GMV 3 = 0.650mm
T55T 104 = 100 nF
1 = 0.875mm
5 = 1.100mm
7 = 1.600mm
TABLE 1
Typical Parameters
Capacitance, 25°C
Capacitance, 55°C
Capacitance, 85°C
Dissipation Factor 25°
DC Resistance
IR (Minimum @25°)
Dielectric Breakdown, Min
Thermal Coefficient of Expansion
Inductance: (Design Dependent)
Frequency of Operation
Ambient Temp Range
Termination
F = C4 Solder
Balls- 97Pb/3Sn
P = Cr-Cu-Au
N = Cr-Ni-Au
X = None
T55T
Units
Co
1.4 x Co
Co
12
0.2
2.0
500
8.5
15 to 120
DC to 5 Gigahertz
-55° to 125°C
Nanofarads
Nanofarads
Nanofarads
Percent
Ohms
Megaohms
Volts
ppm/°C 25-100°
Pico-Henries
C
4
A
# of
Inspection
Reel Packaging
Caps/Part
Code
M = 7" Reel
1 = one A = Standard
R = 13" Reel
6 = 2"x2" Waffle Pack 2 = two B = Established
Reliability
8 = 2"x2" Black Waffle 4 = four
Testing
Pack
7 = 2"x2" Waffle Pack
w/ termination
facing up
A = 2"x2" Black Waffle
Pack
w/ termination
facing up
C = 4"x4" Waffle Pack
w/ clear lid
A
Code
Face
A = Bar
B = No Bar
C = Dot, S55S
Dielectrics
TERMINATION OPTIONS
C4 AND PAD DIMENSIONS
C4 SOLDER (97% Pb/3% Sn) BALLS
0.8 ±.03 (2 pics)
0.6 ±.100mm
} “Centrality”*
0.925 ±0.03mm
L = ±.06mm
0.925 ±0.03mm
Vertical and
Horizontal
Pitch=0.4 ±.02mm
Code Face
to Denote
Orientation
(Optional)
C4 Ball diameter:
.164 ±.03mm
"Ht" = (Hb +.096 ±.02mm typ)
"Hb" ±.06
"W" = ±.06mm
Pin A1 is the lower left hand ball.
*NOTE: The C4 pattern
will be within
0.1mm of the
center of the
LICA body, in
both axes.
Code
(Body Height)
Width
(W)
Length
(L)
Height
Body (Hb)
1
3
5
6
7
1.600mm
1.600mm
1.600mm
1.600mm
1.600mm
1.850mm
1.850mm
1.850mm
1.850mm
1.850mm
0.875mm
0.650mm
1.100mm
0.500mm
1.600mm
TERMINATION OPTION P OR N
37
Low Inductance Capacitors
LICA® (Low Inductance Decoupling Capacitor Arrays)
LICA® TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CURVES
10
160
LICA
Impedance
0V
5V
10V
120
100
ESR and Impedance, Ohms
Capacitance, nF
140
25V
80
60
40
20
0
-60
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
Temperature, °C
80
100
120
1.0
Resistance
.1
140
.01
1
10
Effect of Bias Voltage and
Temperature on a 130 nF LICA® (T55T)
Impedance vs. Frequency
LICA VALID PART NUMBER LIST
Part Number
Voltage
Thickness (mm)
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
50
50
0.650
0.650
0.875
0.875
0.875
0.875
1.100
1.100
1.600
1.600
0.875
0.875
LICA3T183M3FC4AA
LICA3T143P3FC4AA
LICA3T134M1FC1AA
LICA3T104P1FC1AA
LICA3T253M1FC4AA
LICA3T203P1FC4AA
LICA3T204M5FC1AA
LICA3T164P5FC1AA
LICA3T304M7FC1AB
LICA3T244P7FC1AB
LICA5T802M1FC4AB
LICA5T602P1FC4AB
Extended Range
LICA9D683M6FC4AB
LICA3T104M3FC1A
LICA3T803P3FC1A
LICA3T503M3FC2A
LICA3T403P3FC2A
LICA3S213M3FC4A
5
25
25
25
25
25
CONFIGURATION
Capacitors per
Package
4
4
1
1
4
4
1
1
1
1
4
4
0.500
0.650
0.650
0.650
0.650
0.650
4
1
1
2
2
4
Schematic
D
Code Face
B
D
CAP
C
Schematic
D1
B1
A1
B1
C1
B1
A1
D2
C2
B2
A2
A2
C2
D2
Code Face
B2
D1
C1
B1
A1
D2
C2
B2
A2
D3
C3
B3
A3
D4
C4
B4
A4
CAP 2
C1
A1
C2
A2
D3
B3
D4
B4
A3
D1
CAP 2
CAP 1
C3
A
Code Face
Schematic
D1
B
B2
D2
CAP 1
C1
C
A
CAP 3
WAFFLE PACK OPTIONS FOR LICA®
100
Frequency, MHz
CAP 4
C4
A4
LICA® PACKAGING SCHEME “M” AND “R”
8mm conductive plastic tape on reel:
“M”=7" reel max. qty. 3,000, “R”=13" reel max. qty. 8,000
FLUOROWARE®
Code Face
to Denote
Orientation
Code Face
to Denote
Orientation
Wells for LICA® part, C4 side down
76 pieces/foot
1.75mm x 2.01mm x 1.27mm deep
on 4mm centers
0.64mm Push Holes
H20-080
Option "6"
100 pcs.
per 2" x 2"
package
Note: Standard configuration is
Termination side down
38
Option "C"
400 pcs. per
4" x 4" package
Code Face
to Denote
Orientation
(Typical)
1.75mm
Sprocket Holes: 1.55mm, 4mm pitch
High Voltage Chips
For 500V to 5000V Applications
High value, low leakage and small size are difficult parameters to obtain
in capacitors for high voltage systems. AVX special high voltage MLC
chips capacitors meet these performance characteristics and are
designed for applications such as snubbers in high frequency power
converters, resonators in SMPS, and high voltage coupling/DC blocking.
These high voltage chip designs exhibit low ESRs at high frequencies.
Larger physical sizes than normally encountered chips are used to
make high voltage chips. These larger sizes require that special precautions be taken in applying these chips in surface mount assemblies. This is due to differences in the coefficient of thermal expansion
(CTE) between the substrate materials and chip capacitors. Apply heat
at less than 4°C per second during the preheat. Maximum preheat
temperature must be within 50°C of the soldering temperature.
The solder temperature should not exceed 230°C. Chips 1808 and
larger to use reflow soldering only.
Capacitors with X7R Dielectrics are not intended for AC line filtering
applications.
Contact plant for recommendations. Capacitors may require protective
surface coating to prevent external arcing.
PART NUMBER (see page 2 for complete information and options)
1808
A
A
AVX
Style
1206
1210
1808
1812
1825
2220
2225
3640
Voltage
7 = 500V
C = 600V
A = 1000V
S = 1500V
G = 2000V
W = 2500V
H = 3000V
J = 4000V
K = 5000V
271
K
A
Temperature Capacitance Capacitance
Failure
Coefficient
Code
Tolerance
Rate
(2 significant digits C0G: J = ±5%
A = C0G
A=Not
+ no. of zeros)
K = ±10% Applicable
C = X7R
Examples:
M = ±20%
10 pF = 100 X7R: K = ±10%
100 pF = 101
M = ±20%
1,000 pF = 102
Z = +80%,
22,000 pF = 223
-20%
220,000 pF = 224
1 µF = 105
1
1A
Termination
1= Pd/Ag
T = Plated Ni
and Solder
Packaging/Marking
1A = 7" Reel
Unmarked
3A = 13" Reel
Unmarked
9A = Bulk/Unmarked
W
L
T
t
DIMENSIONS
SIZE
(L) Length
1210
1808*
1812*
1825*
2220*
2225*
3640*
3.20 ± 0.2
3.20 ± 0.2
4.57 ± 0.25
4.50 ± 0.3
4.50 ± 0.3
5.7 ± 0.4
5.72 ± 0.25
9.14 ± 0.25
(0.126 ± 0.008) (0.126 ± 0.008) (0.180 ± 0.010) (0.177 ± 0.012) (0.177 ± 0.012) (0.224 ± 0.016) (0.225 ± 0.010) (0.360 ± 0.010)
1.60 ± 0.2
2.50 ± 0.2
2.03 ± 0.25
3.20 ± 0.2
6.40 ± 0.3
5.0 ± 0.4
6.35 ± 0.25
10.2 ± 0.25
(0.063 ± 0.008) (0.098 ± 0.008) (0.080 ± 0.010) (0.126 ± 0.008) (0.252 ± 0.012) (0.197 ± 0.016) (0.250 ± 0.010) (0.400 ± 0.010)
(W) Width
(T) Thickness
Max.
(t) terminal
millimeters (inches)
1206
min.
max.
1.52
(0.060)
0.25 (0.010)
0.75 (0.030)
1.70
(0.067)
0.25 (0.010)
0.75 (0.030)
2.03
(0.080)
0.25 (0.010)
1.02 (0.040)
2.54
(0.100)
0.25 (0.010)
1.02 (0.040)
2.54
(0.100)
0.25 (0.010)
1.02 (0.040)
3.3
(0.130)
0.25 (0.010)
1.02 (0.040)
2.54
(0.100)
0.25 (0.010)
1.02 (0.040)
2.54
(0.100)
0.76 (0.030)
1.52 (0.060)
*Reflow Soldering Only
39
High Voltage Chips
For 500V to 5000V Applications
C0G Dielectric
PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
Capacitance Range
10 pF to 0.047 µF
(25°C, 1.0 ±0.2 Vrms at 1kHz, for ≤ 1000 pF use 1 MHz)
±5%, ±10%, ±20%
0.1% max. (+25°C, 1.0 ±0.2 Vrms, 1kHz, for ≤ 1000 pF use 1 MHz)
-55°C to +125°C
0 ±30 ppm/°C (0 VDC)
500, 600, 1000, 1500, 2000, 2500, 3000, 4000 & 5000 VDC (+125°C)
100K MΩ min. or 1000 MΩ - µF min., whichever is less
10K MΩ min. or 100 MΩ - µF min., whichever is less
500V, 150% rated voltage for 5 seconds at 50 mA max. current
≥ 600V, 120% rated voltage for 5 seconds at 50 mA max. current
Capacitance Tolerances
Dissipation Factor
Operating Temperature Range
Temperature Characteristic
Voltage Ratings
Insulation Resistance (+25°C, at 500 VDC)
Insulation Resistance (+125°C, at 500 VDC)
Dielectric Strength
HIGH VOLTAGE C0G CAPACITANCE VALUES
VOLTAGE
500
600
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
4000
5000
min.
max.
min.
max.
min.
max.
min.
max.
min.
max.
min.
max.
min.
max.
min.
max.
min.
max.
1206
1210
1808
1812
1825
2220
2225
—
680 pF
100 pF
680 pF
10 pF
470 pF
10 pF
150 pF
10 pF
68 pF
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
1500 pF
100 pF
1500 pF
100 pF
820 pF
100 pF
330 pF
10 pF
150 pF
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
3300 pF
100 pF
2700 pF
100 pF
1500 pF
10 pF
470 pF
10 pF
270 pF
10 pF
150 pF
10 pF
100 pF
10 pF
39 pF
—
—
—
5600 pF
100 pF
5600 pF
100 pF
2700 pF
10 pF
1000 pF
10 pF
680 pF
10 pF
390 pF
10 pF
330 pF
10 pF
100 pF
—
—
—
0.012 µF
1000 pF
0.012 µF
100 pF
6800 pF
100 pF
2700 pF
100 pF
1800 pF
10 pF
1000 pF
10 pF
680 pF
10 pF
220 pF
—
—
—
—
1000 pF
0.012 µF
1000 pF
0.010 µF
1000 pF
2700 pF
1000 pF
2200 pF
100 pF
1000 pF
10 pF
680 pF
10 pF
220 pF
—
—
—
0.018 µF
1000 pF
0.015 µF
1000 pF
0.010 µF
1000 pF
3300 pF
1000 pF
2200 pF
100 pF
1200 pF
10 pF
820 pF
10 pF
330 pF
—
—
3640
—
—
1000 pF
0.047 µF
1000 pF
0.018 µF
100 pF
8200 pF
100 pF
5600 pF
100 pF
3900 pF
100 pF
2200 pF
100 pF
1000 pF
10 pF
680 pF
X7R Dielectric
PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
Capacitance Range
Capacitance Tolerances
Dissipation Factor
Operating Temperature Range
Temperature Characteristic
Voltage Ratings
Insulation Resistance (+25°C, at 500 VDC)
Insulation Resistance (+125°C, at 500 VDC)
Dielectric Strength
10 pF to 0.56 µF (25°C, 1.0 ±0.2 Vrms at 1kHz)
±10%; ±20%; +80%, -20%
2.5% max. (+25°C, 1.0 ±0.2 Vrms, 1kHz)
-55°C to +125°C
±15% (0 VDC)
500,600, 1000, 1500, 2000, 2500, 3000, 4000 & 5000 VDC (+125°C)
100K MΩ min. or 1000 MΩ - µF min., whichever is less
10K MΩ min. or 100 MΩ - µF min., whichever is less
500V, 150% rated voltage for 5 seconds at 50 mA max. current
≥ 600V, 120% rated voltage for 5 seconds at 50 mA max. current
HIGH VOLTAGE X7R MAXIMUM CAPACITANCE VALUES
VOLTAGE
500
600
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
4000
5000
40
min.
max.
min.
max.
min.
max.
min.
max.
min.
max.
min.
max.
min.
max.
min.
max.
min.
max.
1206
—
0.010 µF
1000 pF
0.015 µF
1000 pF
4700 pF
100 pF
1200 pF
10 pF
470 pF
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
1210
1808
1812
1825
2220
2225
—
0.027 µF
1000 pF
0.027 µF
1000 pF
0.010 µF
100 pF
2700 pF
100 pF
1000 pF
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
.01 µF
0.033 µF
1000 pF
0.015 µF
100 pF
3900 pF
100 pF
1800 pF
10 pF
1200 pF
10 pF
560 pF
—
—
—
—
—
0.056 µF
.01 µF
0.068 µF
1000 pF
0.027 µF
100 pF
8200 pF
100 pF
4700 pF
10 pF
2200 pF
10 pF
1200 pF
—
—
—
—
—
—
.01 µF
0.15 µF
1000 pF
0.068 µF
1000 pF
0.018 µF
100 pF
8200 pF
100 pF
5600 pF
100 pF
2700 pF
—
—
—
—
—
—
.01 µF
0.15 µF
.01 µF
0.068 µF
1000 pF
0.022 µF
1000 pF
0.010 µF
1000 pF
6800 pF
1000 pF
3300pF
—
—
—
—
—
—
.01 µF
0.22 µF
.01 µF
0.082 µF
1000 pF
0.027 µF
1000 pF
0.012 µF
1000 pF
8200 pF
1000 pF
4700 pF
—
—
—
—
3640
—
—
.01 µF
0.56 µF
.01 µF
0.22 µF
.01 µF
0.068 µF
1000 pF
0.027 µF
1000 pF
0.022 µF
1000 pF
0.018 µF
100 pF
6800 pF
100 pF
3300 pF
MIL-PRF-55681/Chips
Part Number Example
CDR01 thru CDR06
MILITARY DESIGNATION PER MIL-PRF-55681
Part Number Example
(example)
L
W
D
t
CDR01
BP
101
B
K
S
M
MIL Style
Voltage-temperature
Limits
Capacitance
T
Rated Voltage
Capacitance Tolerance
Termination Finish
Failure Rate
MIL Style: CDR01, CDR02, CDR03, CDR04, CDR05,
CDR06
Voltage Temperature Limits:
BP = 0 ± 30 ppm/°C without voltage; 0 ± 30 ppm/°C with
rated voltage from -55°C to +125°C
BX = ±15% without voltage; +15 –25% with rated voltage
from -55°C to +125°C
Capacitance: Two digit figures followed by multiplier
(number of zeros to be added) e.g., 101 = 100 pF
Termination Finish:
M = Palladium Silver
N = Silver Nickel Gold
S = Solder-coated
U = Base Metallization/Barrier
Metal/Solder Coated*
W = Base Metallization/Barrier
Metal/Tinned (Tin or Tin/
Lead Alloy)
*Solder shall have a melting point of 200°C or less.
Failure Rate Level: M = 1.0%, P = .1%, R = .01%,
S = .001%
Packaging: Bulk is standard packaging. Tape and reel
per RS481 is available upon request.
Rated Voltage: A = 50V, B = 100V
Capacitance Tolerance: J ± 5%, K ± 10%, M ± 20%
CROSS REFERENCE: AVX/MIL-PRF-55681/CDR01 THRU CDR06*
Per
MIL-PRF-55681
AVX
Style
CDR01
CDR02
CDR03
CDR04
0805
1805
1808
1812
CDR05
1825
CDR06
2225
Length (L)
Width (W)
.080 ± .015
.180 ± .015
.180 ± .015
.180 ± .015
.180 +.020
-.015
.225 ± .020
.050 ± .015
.050 ± .015
.080 ± .018
.125 ± .015
.250 +.020
-.015
.250 ± .020
Thickness (T)
Max.
Min.
D
Max.
Min.
Termination Band (t)
Max.
Min.
.055
.055
.080
.080
.020
.020
.020
.020
—
—
—
—
.030
—
—
—
—
.030
.030
.030
.010
.010
.010
.010
.080
.020
—
—
.030
.010
.080
.020
—
—
.030
.010
*For CDR11, 12, 13, and 14 see AVX Microwave Chip Capacitor Catalog
41
MIL-PRF-55681/Chips
Military Part Number Identification
CDR01 thru CDR06
CDR01 thru CDR06 to MIL-PRF-55681
Military
Type
Designation
Capacitance
in pF
Rated temperature WVDC
Capacitance
and voltagetolerance temperature limits
AVX Style 0805/CDR01
Military
Type
Designation
Capacitance
in pF
Rated temperature WVDC
Capacitance
and voltagetolerance temperature limits
AVX Style 1808/CDR03
CDR01BP100B--CDR01BP120B--CDR01BP150B--CDR01BP180B--CDR01BP220B---
10
12
15
18
22
J,K
J
J,K
J
J,K
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR03BP331B--CDR03BP391B--CDR03BP471B--CDR03BP561B--CDR03BP681B---
330
390
470
560
680
J,K
J
J,K
J
J,K
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR01BP270B--CDR01BP330B--CDR01BP390B--CDR01BP470B--CDR01BP560B---
27
33
39
47
56
J
J,K
J
J,K
J
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR03BP821B-CDR03BP102B--CDR03BX123B-CDR03BX153B--CDR03BX183B---
820
1000
12,000
15,000
18,000
J
J,K
K
K,M
K
BP
BP
BX
BX
BX
100
100
100
100
100
CDR01BP680B--CDR01BP820B--CDR01BP101B--CDR01B--121B--CDR01B--151B---
68
82
100
120
150
J,K
J
J,K
J,K
J,K
BP
BP
BP
BP,BX
BP,BX
100
100
100
100
100
CDR03BX223B--CDR03BX273B--CDR03BX333B--CDR03BX393A--CDR03BX473A---
22,000
27,000
33,000
39,000
47,000
K,M
K
K,M
K
K,M
BX
BX
BX
BX
BX
100
100
100
50
50
CDR01B--181B--CDR01BX221B--CDR01BX271B--CDR01BX331B--CDR01BX391B---
180
220
270
330
390
J,K
K,M
K
K,M
K
BP,BX
BX
BX
BX
BX
100
100
100
100
100
CDR03BX563A--CDR03BX683A---
56,000
68,000
K
K,M
BX
BX
50
50
CDR01BX471B--CDR01BX561B--CDR01BX681B--CDR01BX821B--CDR01BX102B---
470
560
680
820
1000
K,M
K
K,M
K
K,M
BX
BX
BX
BX
BX
100
100
100
100
100
CDR04BP122B--CDR04BP152B--CDR04BP182B--CDR04BP222B--CDR04BP272B---
1200
1500
1800
2200
2700
J
J,K
J
J,K
J
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR01BX122B--CDR01BX152B--CDR01BX182B--CDR01BX222B--CDR01BX272B---
1200
1500
1800
2200
2700
K
K,M
K
K,M
K
BX
BX
BX
BX
BX
100
100
100
100
100
CDR04BP332B--CDR04BX393B--CDR04BX473B--CDR04BX563B--CDR04BX823A---
3300
39,000
47,000
56,000
82,000
J,K
K
K,M
K
K
BP
BX
BX
BX
BX
100
100
100
100
50
CDR01BX332B--CDR01BX392A--CDR01BX472A---
3300
3900
4700
K,M
K
K,M
BX
BX
BX
100
50
50
CDR04BX104A--CDR04BX124A--CDR04BX154A--CDR04BX184A---
100,000
120,000
150,000
180,000
K,M
K
K,M
K
BX
BX
BX
BX
50
50
50
50
AVX Style 1812/CDR04
AVX Style 1805/CDR02
CDR02BP221B--CDR02BP271B--CDR02BX392B--CDR02BX472B--CDR02BX562B---
220
270
3900
4700
5600
J,K
J
K
K,M
K
BP
BP
BX
BX
BX
100
100
100
100
100
CDR02BX682B--CDR02BX822B--CDR02BX103B--CDR02BX123A--CDR02BX153A---
6800
8200
10,000
12,000
15,000
K,M
K
K,M
K
K,M
BX
BX
BX
BX
BX
100
100
100
50
50
CDR02BX183A--CDR02BX223A---
18,000
22,000
K
K,M
BX
BX
50
50
AVX Style 1825/CDR05
CDR05BP392B--CDR05BP472B--CDR05BP562B--CDR05BX683B--CDR05BX823B---
3900
4700
5600
68,000
82,000
J,K
J,K
J,K
K,M
K
BP
BP
BP
BX
BX
100
100
100
100
100
CDR05BX104B--CDR05BX124B--CDR05BX154B--CDR05BX224A--CDR05BX274A---
100,000
120,000
150,000
220,000
270,000
K,M
K
K,M
K,M
K
BX
BX
BX
BX
BX
100
100
100
50
50
CDR05BX334A---
330,000
K,M
BX
50
J,K
J,K
J,K
K
K,M
BP
BP
BP
BX
BX
100
100
100
50
50
Add appropriate failure rate
AVX Style 2225/CDR06
Add appropriate termination finish
CDR06BP682B--CDR06BP822B--CDR06BP103B--CDR06BX394A--CDR06BX474A---
Capacitance Tolerance
6800
8200
10,000
390,000
470,000
Add appropriate failure rate
Add appropriate termination finish
Capacitance Tolerance
42
MIL-PRF-55681/Chips
Part Number Example
CDR31 thru CDR35
MILITARY DESIGNATION PER MIL-PRF-55681
Part Number Example
(example)
L
W
t
D
CDR31
BP
101
B
K
S
M
MIL Style
Voltage-temperature
Limits
Capacitance
T
Rated Voltage
Capacitance Tolerance
Termination Finish
Failure Rate
MIL Style: CDR31, CDR32, CDR33, CDR34, CDR35
Voltage Temperature Limits:
BP = 0 ± 30 ppm/°C without voltage; 0 ± 30 ppm/°C with
rated voltage from -55°C to +125°C
Termination Finish:
M = Palladium Silver
N = Silver Nickel Gold
S = Solder-coated
U = Base Metallization/Barrier
Metal/Solder Coated*
W = Base Metallization/Barrier
Metal/Tinned (Tin or Tin/
Lead Alloy)
BX = ±15% without voltage; +15 –25% with rated voltage
from -55°C to +125°C
*Solder shall have a melting point of 200°C or less.
Capacitance: Two digit figures followed by multiplier
(number of zeros to be added) e.g., 101 = 100 pF
Failure Rate Level: M = 1.0%, P = .1%, R = .01%,
S = .001%
Rated Voltage: A = 50V, B = 100V
Packaging: Bulk is standard packaging. Tape and reel
per RS481 is available upon request.
Capacitance Tolerance: C ± .25 pF, D ± .5 pF, F ± 1%
J ± 5%, K ± 10%, M ± 20%
CROSS REFERENCE: AVX/MIL-PRF-55681/CDR31 THRU CDR35
Per MIL-PRF-55681
(Metric Sizes)
AVX
Style
Length (L)
(mm)
Width (W)
(mm)
CDR31
CDR32
CDR33
CDR34
CDR35
0805
1206
1210
1812
1825
2.00
3.20
3.20
4.50
4.50
1.25
1.60
2.50
3.20
6.40
Thickness (T)
D
Max. (mm)
1.3
1.3
1.5
1.5
1.5
Min. (mm)
.50
—
—
—
—
Termination Band (t)
Max. (mm)
.70
.70
.70
.70
.70
Min. (mm)
.30
.30
.30
.30
.30
43
MIL-PRF-55681/Chips
Military Part Number Identification CDR31
CDR31 to MIL-PRF-55681/7
Military
Type
Designation 1 /
Capacitance
in pF
Rated temperature WVDC
Capacitance
and voltagetolerance temperature limits
AVX Style 0805/CDR31 (BP)
Military
Type
Designation 1 /
Capacitance
in pF
Rated temperature WVDC
Capacitance
and voltagetolerance temperature limits
AVX Style 0805/CDR31 (BP) cont’d
CDR31BP1R0B--CDR31BP1R1B--CDR31BP1R2B--CDR31BP1R3B--CDR31BP1R5B---
1.0
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.5
B,C
B,C
B,C
B,C
B,C
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR31BP101B--CDR31BP111B--CDR31BP121B--CDR31BP131B--CDR31BP151B---
100
110
120
130
150
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR31BP1R6B--CDR31BP1R8B--CDR31BP2R0B--CDR31BP2R2B--CDR31BP2R4B---
1.6
1.8
2.0
2.2
2.4
B,C
B,C
B,C
B,C
B,C
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR31BP161B--CDR31BP181B--CDR31BP201B--CDR31BP221B--CDR31BP241B---
160
180
200
220
240
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR31BP2R7B--CDR31BP3R0B--CDR31BP3R3B--CDR31BP3R6B--CDR31BP3R9B---
2.7
3.0
3.3
3.6
3.9
B,C,D
B,C,D
B,C,D
B,C,D
B,C,D
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR31BP271B--CDR31BP301B--CDR31BP331B--CDR31BP361B--CDR31BP391B---
270
300
330
360
390
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR31BP4R3B--CDR31BP4R7B--CDR31BP5R1B--CDR31BP5R6B--CDR31BP6R2B---
4.3
4.7
5.1
5.6
6.2
B,C,D
B,C,D
B,C,D
B,C,D
B,C,D
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR31BP431B--CDR31BP471B--CDR31BP511A--CDR31BP561A--CDR31BP621A---
430
470
510
560
620
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
50
50
50
CDR31BP6R8B--CDR31BP7R5B--CDR31BP8R2B--CDR31BP9R1B--CDR31BP100B---
6.8
7.5
8.2
9.1
10
B,C,D
B,C,D
B,C,D
B,C,D
F,J,K
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR31BP681A---
680
F,J,K
BP
50
CDR31BP110B--CDR31BP120B--CDR31BP130B--CDR31BP150B--CDR31BP160B---
11
12
13
15
16
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR31BP180B--CDR31BP200B--CDR31BP220B--CDR31BP240B--CDR31BP270B---
18
20
22
24
27
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR31BP300B--CDR31BP330B--CDR31BP360B--CDR31BP390B--CDR31BP430B---
30
33
36
39
43
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR31BP470B--CDR31BP510B--CDR31BP560B--CDR31BP620B--CDR31BP680B---
47
51
56
62
68
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR31BP750B--CDR31BP820B--CDR31BP910B---
75
82
91
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
Add appropriate failure rate
Add appropriate termination finish
Capacitance Tolerance
44
AVX Style 0805/CDR31 (BX)
CDR31BX471B--CDR31BX561B--CDR31BX681B--CDR31BX821B--CDR31BX102B---
470
560
680
820
1,000
K,M
K,M
K,M
K,M
K,M
BX
BX
BX
BX
BX
100
100
100
100
100
CDR31BX122B--CDR31BX152B--CDR31BX182B--CDR31BX222B--CDR31BX272B---
1,200
1,500
1,800
2,200
2,700
K,M
K,M
K,M
K,M
K,M
BX
BX
BX
BX
BX
100
100
100
100
100
CDR31BX332B--CDR31BX392B--CDR31BX472B--CDR31BX562A--CDR31BX682A---
3,300
3,900
4,700
5,600
6,800
K,M
K,M
K,M
K,M
K,M
BX
BX
BX
BX
BX
100
100
100
50
50
CDR31BX822A--CDR31BX103A--CDR31BX123A--CDR31BX153A--CDR31BX183A---
8,200
10,000
12,000
15,000
18,000
K,M
K,M
K,M
K,M
K,M
BX
BX
BX
BX
BX
50
50
50
50
50
Add appropriate failure rate
Add appropriate termination finish
Capacitance Tolerance
1 / The complete part number will include additional symbols to indicate capacitance
tolerance, termination and failure rate level.
MIL-PRF-55681/Chips
Military Part Number Identification CDR32
CDR32 to MIL-PRF-55681/8
Military
Type
Designation 1 /
Capacitance
in pF
Rated temperature WVDC
Capacitance
and voltagetolerance temperature limits
AVX Style 1206/CDR32 (BP)
Military
Type
Designation 1 /
Capacitance
in pF
Rated temperature WVDC
Capacitance
and voltagetolerance temperature limits
AVX Style 1206/CDR32 (BP) cont’d
CDR32BP1R0B--CDR32BP1R1B--CDR32BP1R2B--CDR32BP1R3B--CDR32BP1R5B---
1.0
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.5
B,C
B,C
B,C
B,C
B,C
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR32BP101B--CDR32BP111B--CDR32BP121B--CDR32BP131B--CDR32BP151B---
100
110
120
130
150
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR32BP1R6B--CDR32BP1R8B--CDR32BP2R0B--CDR32BP2R2B--CDR32BP2R4B---
1.6
1.8
2.0
2.2
2.4
B,C
B,C
B,C
B,C
B,C
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR32BP161B--CDR32BP181B--CDR32BP201B--CDR32BP221B--CDR32BP241B---
160
180
200
220
240
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR32BP2R7B--CDR32BP3R0B--CDR32BP3R3B--CDR32BP3R6B--CDR32BP3R9B---
2.7
3.0
3.3
3.6
3.9
B,C,D
B,C,D
B,C,D
B,C,D
B,C,D
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR32BP271B--CDR32BP301B--CDR32BP331B--CDR32BP361B--CDR32BP391B---
270
300
330
360
390
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR32BP4R3B--CDR32BP4R7B--CDR32BP5R1B--CDR32BP5R6B--CDR32BP6R2B---
4.3
4.7
5.1
5.6
6.2
B,C,D
B,C,D
B,C,D
B,C,D
B,C,D
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR32BP431B--CDR32BP471B--CDR32BP511B--CDR32BP561B--CDR32BP621B---
430
470
510
560
620
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR32BP6R8B--CDR32BP7R5B--CDR32BP8R2B--CDR32BP9R1B--CDR32BP100B---
6.8
7.5
8.2
9.1
10
B,C,D
B,C,D
B,C,D
B,C,D
F,J,K
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR32BP681B--CDR32BP751B--CDR32BP821B--CDR32BP911B--CDR32BP102B---
680
750
820
910
1,000
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR32BP110B--CDR32BP120B--CDR32BP130B--CDR32BP150B--CDR32BP160B---
11
12
13
15
16
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR32BP112A--CDR32BP122A--CDR32BP132A--CDR32BP152A--CDR32BP162A---
1,100
1,200
1,300
1,500
1,600
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
50
50
50
50
50
CDR32BP180B--CDR32BP200B--CDR32BP220B--CDR32BP240B--CDR32BP270B---
18
20
22
24
27
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR32BP182A--CDR32BP202A--CDR32BP222A---
1,800
2,000
2,200
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
BP
BP
BP
50
50
50
CDR32BP300B--CDR32BP330B--CDR32BP360B--CDR32BP390B--CDR32BP430B---
30
33
36
39
43
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR32BP470B--CDR32BP510B--CDR32BP560B--CDR32BP620B--CDR32BP680B---
47
51
56
62
68
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR32BP750B--CDR32BP820B--CDR32BP910B---
75
82
91
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
AVX Style 1206/CDR32 (BX)
CDR32BX472B--CDR32BX562B--CDR32BX682B--CDR32BX822B--CDR32BX103B---
4,700
5,600
6,800
8,200
10,000
K,M
K,M
K,M
K,M
K,M
BX
BX
BX
BX
BX
100
100
100
100
100
CDR32BX123B--CDR32BX153B--CDR32BX183A--CDR32BX223A--CDR32BX273A---
12,000
15,000
18,000
22,000
27,000
K,M
K,M
K,M
K,M
K,M
BX
BX
BX
BX
BX
100
100
50
50
50
CDR32BX333A--CDR32BX393A---
33,000
39,000
K,M
K,M
BX
BX
50
50
Add appropriate failure rate
Add appropriate failure rate
Add appropriate termination finish
Add appropriate termination finish
Capacitance Tolerance
Capacitance Tolerance
1 / The complete part number will include additional symbols to indicate capacitance
tolerance, termination and failure rate level.
45
MIL-PRF-55681/Chips
Military Part Number Identification CDR33/34/35
CDR33/34/35 to MIL-PRF-55681/9/10/11
Military
Type
Designation 1 /
Capacitance
in pF
Rated temperature WVDC
Capacitance
and voltagetolerance temperature limits
AVX Style 1210/CDR33 (BP)
Military
Type
Designation 1 /
Capacitance
in pF
Rated temperature WVDC
Capacitance
and voltagetolerance temperature limits
AVX Style 1812/CDR34 (BX)
CDR33BP102B--CDR33BP112B--CDR33BP122B--CDR33BP132B--CDR33BP152B---
1,000
1,100
1,200
1,300
1,500
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR34BX273B--CDR34BX333B--CDR34BX393B--CDR34BX473B--CDR34BX563B---
27,000
33,000
39,000
47,000
56,000
K,M
K,M
K,M
K,M
K,M
BX
BX
BX
BX
BX
100
100
100
100
100
CDR33BP162B--CDR33BP182B--CDR33BP202B--CDR33BP222B--CDR33BP242A---
1,600
1,800
2,000
2,200
2,400
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
50
CDR34BX104A--CDR34BX124A--CDR34BX154A--CDR34BX184A---
100,000
120,000
150,000
180,000
K,M
K,M
K,M
K,M
BX
BX
BX
BX
50
50
50
50
CDR33BP272A--CDR33BP302A--CDR33BP332A---
2,700
3,000
3,300
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
BP
BP
BP
50
50
50
AVX Style 1825/CDR35 (BP)
AVX Style 1210/CDR33 (BX)
CDR33BX153B--CDR33BX183B--CDR33BX223B--CDR33BX273B--CDR33BX393A---
15,000
18,000
22,000
27,000
39,000
K,M
K,M
K,M
K,M
K,M
BX
BX
BX
BX
BX
100
100
100
100
50
CDR33BX473A--CDR33BX563A--CDR33BX683A--CDR33BX823A--CDR33BX104A---
47,000
56,000
68,000
82,000
100,000
K,M
K,M
K,M
K,M
K,M
BX
BX
BX
BX
BX
50
50
50
50
50
AVX Style 1812/CDR34 (BP)
CDR34BP222B--CDR34BP242B--CDR34BP272B--CDR34BP302B--CDR34BP332B---
2,200
2,400
2,700
3,000
3,300
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR34BP362B--CDR34BP392B--CDR34BP432B--CDR34BP472B--CDR34BP512A---
3,600
3,900
4,300
4,700
5,100
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
50
CDR34BP562A--CDR34BP622A--CDR34BP682A--CDR34BP752A--CDR34BP822A---
5,600
6,200
6,800
7,500
8,200
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
50
50
50
50
50
CDR34BP912A--CDR34BP103A---
9,100
10,000
F,J,K
F,J,K
BP
BP
50
50
CDR35BP472B--CDR35BP512B--CDR35BP562B--CDR35BP622B--CDR35BP682B---
4,700
5,100
5,600
6,200
6,800
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
100
CDR35BP752B--CDR35BP822B--CDR35BP912B--CDR35BP103B--CDR35BP113A---
7,500
8,200
9,100
10,000
11,000
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
100
100
100
100
50
CDR35BP123A--CDR35BP133A--CDR35BP153A--CDR35BP163A--CDR35BP183A---
12,000
13,000
15,000
16,000
18,000
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
F,J,K
BP
BP
BP
BP
BP
50
50
50
50
50
CDR35BP203A--CDR35BP223A---
20,000
22,000
F,J,K
F,J,K
BP
BP
50
50
AVX Style 1825/CDR35 (BX)
CDR35BX563B--CDR35BX683B--CDR35BX823B--CDR35BX104B--CDR35BX124B---
56,000
68,000
82,000
100,000
120,000
K,M
K,M
K,M
K,M
K,M
BX
BX
BX
BX
BX
100
100
100
100
100
CDR35BX154B--CDR35BX184A--CDR35BX224A--CDR35BX274A--CDR35BX334A---
150,000
180,000
220,000
270,000
330,000
K,M
K,M
K,M
K,M
K,M
BX
BX
BX
BX
BX
100
50
50
50
50
CDR35BX394A--CDR35BX474A---
390,000
470,000
K,M
K,M
BX
BX
50
50
Add appropriate failure rate
Add appropriate failure rate
Add appropriate termination finish
Add appropriate termination finish
Capacitance Tolerance
Capacitance Tolerance
1 / The complete part number will include additional symbols to indicate capacitance
tolerance, termination and failure rate level.
46
Packaging of Chip Components
Automatic Insertion Packaging
TAPE & REEL QUANTITIES
All tape and reel specifications are in compliance with RS481.
8mm
Paper or Embossed Carrier
12mm
0612, 0508, 0805, 1206,
1210
Embossed Only
0306
Paper Only
1812, 1825
2220, 2225
1808
0201, 0402, 0603
Qty. per Reel/7" Reel
2,000, 3,000 or 4,000, 10,000, 15,000
3,000
500, 1,000
Contact factory for exact quantity
Qty. per Reel/13" Reel
Contact factory for exact quantity
5,000, 10,000, 50,000
10,000
4,000
Contact factory for exact quantity
REEL DIMENSIONS
Tape
Size(1)
A
Max.
B*
Min.
C
D*
Min.
N
Min.
8mm
330
(12.992)
1.5
(0.059)
13.0 +0.50
-0.20
-0.008 )
(0.512 +0.020
20.2
(0.795)
W2
Max.
W3
-0.0
8.40 +1.5
(0.331 +0.059
-0.0
)
14.4
(0.567)
7.90 Min.
(0.311)
10.9 Max.
(0.429)
-0.0
12.4 +2.0
-0.0
(0.488 +0.079
)
18.4
(0.724)
11.9 Min.
(0.469)
15.4 Max.
(0.607)
W1
50.0
(1.969)
12mm
Metric dimensions will govern.
English measurements rounded and for reference only.
(1) For tape sizes 16mm and 24mm (used with chip size 3640) consult EIA RS-481 latest revision.
47
Embossed Carrier Configuration
8 & 12mm Tape Only
10 PITCHES CUMULATIVE
TOLERANCE ON TAPE
±0.2mm (±0.008)
EMBOSSMENT
P0
T2
T
D0
P2
DEFORMATION
BETWEEN
EMBOSSMENTS
E1
A0
F
TOP COVER
TAPE
B1
T1
W
B0
K0
S1
E2
CENTER LINES
OF CAVITY
P1
MAX. CAVITY
SIZE - SEE NOTE 1
B1 IS FOR TAPE READER REFERENCE ONLY
INCLUDING DRAFT CONCENTRIC AROUND B0
D1 FOR COMPONENTS
2.00 mm x 1.20 mm AND
LARGER (0.079 x 0.047)
User Direction of Feed
8 & 12mm Embossed Tape
Metric Dimensions Will Govern
CONSTANT DIMENSIONS
Tape Size
8mm
and
12mm
D0
1.50
(0.059
E
+0.10
-0.0
+0.004
-0.0
)
P0
P2
1.75 ± 0.10
4.0 ± 0.10
2.0 ± 0.05
(0.069 ± 0.004) (0.157 ± 0.004) (0.079 ± 0.002)
S1 Min.
T Max.
T1
0.60
(0.024)
0.60
(0.024)
0.10
(0.004)
Max.
VARIABLE DIMENSIONS
Tape Size
B1
Max.
D1
Min.
E2
Min.
F
P1
See Note 5
R
Min.
See Note 2
T2
W
Max.
A0 B0 K0
8mm
4.35
(0.171)
1.00
(0.039)
6.25
(0.246)
3.50 ± 0.05
4.00 ± 0.10
(0.138 ± 0.002) (0.157 ± 0.004)
25.0
(0.984)
2.50 Max.
(0.098)
8.30
(0.327)
See Note 1
12mm
8.20
(0.323)
1.50
(0.059)
10.25
(0.404)
5.50 ± 0.05
4.00 ± 0.10
(0.217 ± 0.002) (0.157 ± 0.004)
30.0
(1.181)
6.50 Max.
(0.256)
12.3
(0.484)
See Note 1
8mm
1/2 Pitch
4.35
(0.171)
1.00
(0.039)
6.25
(0.246)
3.50 ± 0.05
2.00 ± 0.10
(0.138 ± 0.002) (0.079 ± 0.004)
25.0
(0.984)
2.50 Max.
(0.098)
8.30
(0.327)
See Note 1
12mm
Double
Pitch
8.20
(0.323)
1.50
(0.059)
10.25
(0.404)
5.50 ± 0.05
8.00 ± 0.10
(0.217 ± 0.002) (0.315 ± 0.004)
30.0
(1.181)
6.50 Max.
(0.256)
12.3
(0.484)
See Note 1
NOTES:
1. The cavity defined by A0, B0, and K0 shall be configured to provide the following:
Surround the component with sufficient clearance such that:
a) the component does not protrude beyond the sealing plane of the cover tape.
b) the component can be removed from the cavity in a vertical direction without mechanical
restriction, after the cover tape has been removed.
c) rotation of the component is limited to 20º maximum (see Sketches D & E).
d) lateral movement of the component is restricted to 0.5mm maximum (see Sketch F).
2. Tape with or without components shall pass around radius “R” without damage.
3. Bar code labeling (if required) shall be on the side of the reel opposite the round sprocket holes.
Refer to EIA-556.
4. B1 dimension is a reference dimension for tape feeder clearance only.
5. If P1 = 2.0mm, the tape may not properly index in all tape feeders.
Top View, Sketch "F"
Component Lateral Movements
0.50mm (0.020)
Maximum
0.50mm (0.020)
Maximum
48
Paper Carrier Configuration
8 & 12mm Tape Only
10 PITCHES CUMULATIVE
TOLERANCE ON TAPE
±0.20mm (±0.008)
P0
D0
T
P2
E1
BOTTOM
COVER
TAPE
TOP
COVER
TAPE
F
W
E2
B0
G
T1
T1
A0
CENTER LINES
OF CAVITY
CAVITY SIZE
SEE NOTE 1
P1
User Direction of Feed
8 & 12mm Paper Tape
Metric Dimensions Will Govern
CONSTANT DIMENSIONS
Tape Size
8mm
and
12mm
D0
1.50
(0.059
+0.10
-0.0
+0.004
-0.0
E
)
P0
P2
1.75 ± 0.10
4.00 ± 0.10
2.00 ± 0.05
(0.069 ± 0.004) (0.157 ± 0.004) (0.079 ± 0.002)
T1
G. Min.
R Min.
0.10
(0.004)
Max.
0.75
(0.030)
Min.
25.0 (0.984)
See Note 2
Min.
VARIABLE DIMENSIONS
P1
See Note 4
E2 Min.
F
W
A0 B0
4.00 ± 0.10
(0.157 ± 0.004)
6.25
(0.246)
3.50 ± 0.05
(0.138 ± 0.002)
8.00 +0.30
-0.10
-0.004 )
(0.315 +0.012
See Note 1
12mm
4.00 ± 0.010
(0.157 ± 0.004)
10.25
(0.404)
5.50 ± 0.05
(0.217 ± 0.002)
12.0 ± 0.30
(0.472 ± 0.012)
8mm
1/2 Pitch
2.00 ± 0.05
(0.079 ± 0.002)
6.25
(0.246)
3.50 ± 0.05
(0.138 ± 0.002)
-0.10
8.00 +0.30
(0.315 +0.012
-0.004 )
12mm
Double
Pitch
8.00 ± 0.10
(0.315 ± 0.004)
10.25
(0.404)
5.50 ± 0.05
(0.217 ± 0.002)
12.0 ± 0.30
(0.472 ± 0.012)
Tape Size
8mm
NOTES:
1. The cavity defined by A0, B0, and T shall be configured to provide sufficient clearance
surrounding the component so that:
a) the component does not protrude beyond either surface of the carrier tape;
b) the component can be removed from the cavity in a vertical direction without
mechanical restriction after the top cover tape has been removed;
c) rotation of the component is limited to 20º maximum (see Sketches A & B);
d) lateral movement of the component is restricted to 0.5mm maximum
(see Sketch C).
T
1.10mm
(0.043) Max.
for Paper Base
Tape and
1.60mm
(0.063) Max.
for Non-Paper
Base Compositions
2. Tape with or without components shall pass around radius “R” without damage.
3. Bar code labeling (if required) shall be on the side of the reel opposite the sprocket
holes. Refer to EIA-556.
4. If P1 = 2.0mm, the tape may not properly index in all tape feeders.
Top View, Sketch "C"
Component Lateral
0.50mm (0.020)
Maximum
0.50mm (0.020)
Maximum
Bar Code Labeling Standard
AVX bar code labeling is available and follows latest version of EIA-556
49
Bulk Case Packaging
BENEFITS
BULK FEEDER
• Easier handling
• Smaller packaging volume
(1/20 of T/R packaging)
• Easier inventory control
Case
• Flexibility
• Recyclable
Cassette
Gate
Shooter
CASE DIMENSIONS
Shutter
Slider
12mm
36mm
Mounter
Head
Expanded Drawing
110mm
Chips
Attachment Base
CASE QUANTITIES
Part Size
Qty.
(pcs / cassette)
50
0402
80,000
0603
15,000
0805
10,000 (T=.023")
8,000 (T=.031")
6,000 (T=.043")
1206
5,000 (T=.023")
4,000 (T=.032")
3,000 (T=.044")
Basic Capacitor Formulas
I. Capacitance (farads)
English: C = .224 K A
TD
.0884
KA
Metric: C =
TD
XI. Equivalent Series Resistance (ohms)
E.S.R. = (D.F.) (Xc) = (D.F.) / (2 π fC)
XII. Power Loss (watts)
Power Loss = (2 π fCV2) (D.F.)
XIII. KVA (Kilowatts)
KVA = 2 π fCV2 x 10 -3
II. Energy stored in capacitors (Joules, watt - sec)
E = 1⁄2 CV2
XIV. Temperature Characteristic (ppm/°C)
T.C. = Ct – C25 x 106
C25 (Tt – 25)
III. Linear charge of a capacitor (Amperes)
dV
I=C
dt
XV. Cap Drift (%)
C1 – C2
C.D. =
C1
IV. Total Impedance of a capacitor (ohms)
Z = R2S + (XC - XL )2
V. Capacitive Reactance (ohms)
1
xc =
2 π fC
XVI. Reliability of Ceramic Capacitors
Vt
L0
X
Tt
Y
=
Lt
Vo
To
( ) ( )
VI. Inductive Reactance (ohms)
xL = 2 π fL
XVII. Capacitors in Series (current the same)
Any Number:
1 = 1 + 1 --- 1
CT
C1
C2
CN
C1 C2
Two: CT =
C1 + C2
VII. Phase Angles:
Ideal Capacitors: Current leads voltage 90°
Ideal Inductors: Current lags voltage 90°
Ideal Resistors: Current in phase with voltage
XVIII. Capacitors in Parallel (voltage the same)
CT = C1 + C2 --- + CN
VIII. Dissipation Factor (%)
D.F.= tan (loss angle) = E.S.R. = (2 πfC) (E.S.R.)
Xc
IX. Power Factor (%)
P.F. = Sine (loss angle) = Cos (phase angle)
f
P.F. = (when less than 10%) = DF
XIX. Aging Rate
A.R. = %
D C/decade of time
XX. Decibels
db = 20 log V1
V2
X. Quality Factor (dimensionless)
Q = Cotan (loss angle) = 1
D.F.
METRIC PREFIXES
Pico
Nano
Micro
Milli
Deci
Deca
Kilo
Mega
Giga
Tera
X 10-12
X 10-9
X 10-6
X 10-3
X 10-1
X 10+1
X 10+3
X 10+6
X 10+9
X 10+12
x 100
SYMBOLS
K
= Dielectric Constant
f
= frequency
Lt
= Test life
A
= Area
L
= Inductance
Vt
= Test voltage
TD
= Dielectric thickness
= Loss angle
Vo
= Operating voltage
V
= Voltage
f
= Phase angle
Tt
= Test temperature
t
= time
X&Y
= exponent effect of voltage and temp.
To
= Operating temperature
Rs
= Series Resistance
Lo
= Operating life
51
General Description
Basic Construction – A multilayer ceramic (MLC) capacitor is a monolithic block of ceramic containing two sets of
offset, interleaved planar electrodes that extend to two
opposite surfaces of the ceramic dielectric. This simple
Ceramic Layer
structure requires a considerable amount of sophistication,
both in material and manufacture, to produce it in the quality
and quantities needed in today’s electronic equipment.
Electrode
End Terminations
Terminated
Edge
Terminated
Edge
Margin
Electrodes
Multilayer Ceramic Capacitor
Figure 1
Formulations – Multilayer ceramic capacitors are available
in both Class 1 and Class 2 formulations. Temperature
compensating formulation are Class 1 and temperature
stable and general application formulations are classified
as Class 2.
Class 1 – Class 1 capacitors or temperature compensating
capacitors are usually made from mixtures of titanates
where barium titanate is normally not a major part of the
mix. They have predictable temperature coefficients and
in general, do not have an aging characteristic. Thus they
are the most stable capacitor available. The most popular
Class 1 multilayer ceramic capacitors are C0G (NP0)
temperature compensating capacitors (negative-positive
0 ppm/°C).
52
Class 2 – EIA Class 2 capacitors typically are based on the
chemistry of barium titanate and provide a wide range of
capacitance values and temperature stability. The most
commonly used Class 2 dielectrics are X7R and Y5V. The
X7R provides intermediate capacitance values which vary
only ±15% over the temperature range of -55°C to 125°C. It
finds applications where stability over a wide temperature
range is required.
The Y5V provides the highest capacitance values and is
used in applications where limited temperature changes are
expected. The capacitance value for Y5V can vary from
22% to -82% over the -30°C to 85°C temperature range.
The Z5U dielectric is between X7R and Y5V in both stability
and capacitance range.
All Class 2 capacitors vary in capacitance value under the
influence of temperature, operating voltage (both AC and
DC), and frequency. For additional information on performance changes with operating conditions, consult AVX’s
software, SpiCap.
General Description
EIA CODE
Percent Capacity Change Over Temperature Range
RS198
Temperature Range
X7
X5
Y5
Z5
-55°C to +125°C
-55°C to +85°C
-30°C to +85°C
+10°C to +85°C
Code
Percent Capacity Change
D
E
F
P
R
S
T
U
V
±3.3%
±4.7%
±7.5%
±10%
±15%
±22%
+22%, -33%
+22%, - 56%
+22%, -82%
Effects of Voltage – Variations in voltage have little effect
on Class 1 dielectric but does affect the capacitance and
dissipation factor of Class 2 dielectrics. The application of
DC voltage reduces both the capacitance and dissipation
factor while the application of an AC voltage within a
reasonable range tends to increase both capacitance and
dissipation factor readings. If a high enough AC voltage is
applied, eventually it will reduce capacitance just as a DC
voltage will. Figure 2 shows the effects of AC voltage.
Cap. Change vs. A.C. Volts
X7R
Capacitance Change Percent
Table 1: EIA and MIL Temperature Stable and General
Application Codes
50
40
30
20
10
0
EXAMPLE – A capacitor is desired with the capacitance value at 25°C
to increase no more than 7.5% or decrease no more than 7.5% from
-30°C to +85°C. EIA Code will be Y5F.
12.5
25
37.5
Volts AC at 1.0 KHz
50
Figure 2
Symbol
Temperature Range
A
B
C
-55°C to +85°C
-55°C to +125°C
-55°C to +150°C
Symbol
R
W
X
Y
Z
Cap. Change
Zero Volts
Cap. Change
Rated Volts
+15%, -15%
+22%, -56%
+15%, -15%
+30%, -70%
+20%, -20%
+15%, -40%
+22%, -66%
+15%, -25%
+30%, -80%
+20%, -30%
Temperature characteristic is specified by combining range and
change symbols, for example BR or AW. Specification slash sheets
indicate the characteristic applicable to a given style of capacitor.
In specifying capacitance change with temperature for Class
2 materials, EIA expresses the capacitance change over an
operating temperature range by a 3 symbol code. The first
symbol represents the cold temperature end of the temperature range, the second represents the upper limit of the
operating temperature range and the third symbol represents the capacitance change allowed over the
operating temperature range. Table 1 provides a detailed
explanation of the EIA system.
Capacitor specifications specify the AC voltage at which to
measure (normally 0.5 or 1 VAC) and application of the
wrong voltage can cause spurious readings. Figure 3 gives
the voltage coefficient of dissipation factor for various AC
voltages at 1 kilohertz. Applications of different frequencies
will affect the percentage changes versus voltages.
D.F. vs. A.C. Measurement Volts
X7R
10.0
Dissipation Factor Percent
MIL CODE
Curve 1 - 100 VDC Rated Capacitor
8.0 Curve 2 - 50 VDC Rated Capacitor
Curve 3 - 25 VDC Rated Capacitor
6.0
Curve 3
Curve 2
4.0
Curve 1
2.0
0
.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
AC Measurement Volts at 1.0 KHz
Figure 3
Typical effect of the application of DC voltage is shown in
Figure 4. The voltage coefficient is more pronounced for
higher K dielectrics. These figures are shown for room temperature conditions. The combination characteristic known
as voltage temperature limits which shows the effects of
rated voltage over the operating temperature range is
shown in Figure 5 for the military BX characteristic.
53
General Description
Typical Cap. Change vs. D.C. Volts
X7R
tends to de-age capacitors and is why re-reading of capacitance after 12 or 24 hours is allowed in military specifications after dielectric strength tests have been performed.
Capacitance Change Percent
2.5
Typical Curve of Aging Rate
X7R
0
+1.5
-2.5
-5
-7.5
-10
25%
50%
75%
Percent Rated Volts
100%
Figure 4
Capacitance Change Percent
Typical Cap. Change vs. Temperature
X7R
-1.5
-3.0
-4.5
-6.0
-7.5
+20
1
10
100
+10
0VDC
0
-10
-30
-55 -35
Characteristic
C0G (NP0)
X7R, X5R
Y5V
1000 10,000 100,000
Hours
Max. Aging Rate %/Decade
None
2
7
Figure 6
-20
-15
+5
+25 +45 +65 +85 +105 +125
Temperature Degrees Centigrade
Figure 5
Effects of Time – Class 2 ceramic capacitors change
capacitance and dissipation factor with time as well as temperature, voltage and frequency. This change with time is
known as aging. Aging is caused by a gradual re-alignment
of the crystalline structure of the ceramic and produces an
exponential loss in capacitance and decrease in dissipation
factor versus time. A typical curve of aging rate for semistable ceramics is shown in Figure 6.
If a Class 2 ceramic capacitor that has been sitting on the
shelf for a period of time, is heated above its curie point,
(125°C for 4 hours or 150°C for 1⁄2 hour will suffice) the part
will de-age and return to its initial capacitance and dissipation factor readings. Because the capacitance changes
rapidly, immediately after de-aging, the basic capacitance
measurements are normally referred to a time period sometime after the de-aging process. Various manufacturers use
different time bases but the most popular one is one day
or twenty-four hours after “last heat.” Change in the aging
curve can be caused by the application of voltage and
other stresses. The possible changes in capacitance due to
de-aging by heating the unit explain why capacitance
changes are allowed after test, such as temperature cycling,
moisture resistance, etc., in MIL specs. The application of
high voltages such as dielectric withstanding voltages also
54
Capacitance Change Percent
0
Effects of Frequency – Frequency affects capacitance
and impedance characteristics of capacitors. This effect is
much more pronounced in high dielectric constant ceramic
formulation that is low K formulations. AVX’s SpiCap software generates impedance, ESR, series inductance, series
resonant frequency and capacitance all as functions of
frequency, temperature and DC bias for standard chip sizes
and styles. It is available free from AVX and can be downloaded for free from AVX website: www.avxcorp.com.
General Description
Effects of Mechanical Stress – High “K” dielectric
ceramic capacitors exhibit some low level piezoelectric
reactions under mechanical stress. As a general statement,
the piezoelectric output is higher, the higher the dielectric
constant of the ceramic. It is desirable to investigate this
effect before using high “K” dielectrics as coupling capacitors in extremely low level applications.
Reliability – Historically ceramic capacitors have been one
of the most reliable types of capacitors in use today.
The approximate formula for the reliability of a ceramic
capacitor is:
Lo
=
Lt
Vt
Vo
where
Lo = operating life
Lt = test life
Vt = test voltage
Vo = operating voltage
X
Tt
To
Y
Tt = test temperature and
To = operating temperature
in °C
X,Y = see text
Historically for ceramic capacitors exponent X has been
considered as 3. The exponent Y for temperature effects
typically tends to run about 8.
A capacitor is a component which is capable of storing
electrical energy. It consists of two conductive plates (electrodes) separated by insulating material which is called the
dielectric. A typical formula for determining capacitance is:
C = .224 KA
t
C = capacitance (picofarads)
K = dielectric constant (Vacuum = 1)
A = area in square inches
t = separation between the plates in inches
(thickness of dielectric)
.224 = conversion constant
(.0884 for metric system in cm)
Capacitance – The standard unit of capacitance is the
farad. A capacitor has a capacitance of 1 farad when 1
coulomb charges it to 1 volt. One farad is a very large unit
and most capacitors have values in the micro (10-6), nano
(10-9) or pico (10-12) farad level.
Dielectric Constant – In the formula for capacitance given
above the dielectric constant of a vacuum is arbitrarily chosen as the number 1. Dielectric constants of other materials
are then compared to the dielectric constant of a vacuum.
Dielectric Thickness – Capacitance is indirectly proportional to the separation between electrodes. Lower voltage
requirements mean thinner dielectrics and greater capacitance per volume.
Area – Capacitance is directly proportional to the area of
the electrodes. Since the other variables in the equation are
usually set by the performance desired, area is the easiest
parameter to modify to obtain a specific capacitance within
a material group.
Energy Stored – The energy which can be stored in a
capacitor is given by the formula:
E = 1⁄2CV2
E = energy in joules (watts-sec)
V = applied voltage
C = capacitance in farads
Potential Change – A capacitor is a reactive component
which reacts against a change in potential across it. This is
shown by the equation for the linear charge of a capacitor:
I ideal = C dV
dt
where
I = Current
C = Capacitance
dV/dt = Slope of voltage transition across capacitor
Thus an infinite current would be required to instantly
change the potential across a capacitor. The amount of
current a capacitor can “sink” is determined by the above
equation.
Equivalent Circuit – A capacitor, as a practical device,
exhibits not only capacitance but also resistance and
inductance. A simplified schematic for the equivalent circuit
is:
C = Capacitance
L = Inductance
Rp = Parallel Resistance
Rs = Series Resistance
RP
L
RS
C
Reactance – Since the insulation resistance (Rp) is normally very high, the total impedance of a capacitor is:
Z=
where
R 2S + (XC - XL )2
Z = Total Impedance
Rs = Series Resistance
XC = Capacitive Reactance =
XL = Inductive Reactance
1
2 π fC
= 2 π fL
The variation of a capacitor’s impedance with frequency
determines its effectiveness in many applications.
Phase Angle – Power Factor and Dissipation Factor are
often confused since they are both measures of the loss in
a capacitor under AC application and are often almost
identical in value. In a “perfect” capacitor the current in the
capacitor will lead the voltage by 90°.
55
General Description
di
I (Ideal)
I (Actual)
Loss
Angle
Phase
Angle
f
V
IR s
In practice the current leads the voltage by some other
phase angle due to the series resistance RS. The complement of this angle is called the loss angle and:
Power Factor (P.F.) = Cos f or Sine Dissipation Factor (D.F.) = tan for small values of the tan and sine are essentially equal
which has led to the common interchangeability of the two
terms in the industry.
Equivalent Series Resistance – The term E.S.R. or
Equivalent Series Resistance combines all losses both
series and parallel in a capacitor at a given frequency so
that the equivalent circuit is reduced to a simple R-C series
connection.
E.S.R.
C
Dissipation Factor – The DF/PF of a capacitor tells what
percent of the apparent power input will turn to heat in the
capacitor.
Dissipation Factor = E.S.R. = (2 π fC) (E.S.R.)
XC
The watts loss are:
Watts loss = (2 π fCV2 ) (D.F.)
Very low values of dissipation factor are expressed as their
reciprocal for convenience. These are called the “Q” or
Quality factor of capacitors.
Parasitic Inductance – The parasitic inductance of capacitors is becoming more and more important in the decoupling of today’s high speed digital systems. The relationship
between the inductance and the ripple voltage induced on
the DC voltage line can be seen from the simple inductance
equation:
V = L di
dt
56
The dt seen in current microprocessors can be as high as
0.3 A/ns, and up to 10A/ns. At 0.3 A/ns, 100pH of parasitic
inductance can cause a voltage spike of 30mV. While this
does not sound very drastic, with the Vcc for microprocessors decreasing at the current rate, this can be a fairly large
percentage.
Another important, often overlooked, reason for knowing
the parasitic inductance is the calculation of the resonant
frequency. This can be important for high frequency, bypass capacitors, as the resonant point will give the most
signal attenuation. The resonant frequency is calculated
from the simple equation:
1
fres =
2 LC
Insulation Resistance – Insulation Resistance is the
resistance measured across the terminals of a capacitor
and consists principally of the parallel resistance R P shown
in the equivalent circuit. As capacitance values and hence
the area of dielectric increases, the I.R. decreases and
hence the product (C x IR or RC) is often specified in ohm
faradsor more commonly megohm-microfarads. Leakage
current is determined by dividing the rated voltage by IR
(Ohm’s Law).
Dielectric Strength – Dielectric Strength is an expression
of the ability of a material to withstand an electrical stress.
Although dielectric strength is ordinarily expressed in volts, it
is actually dependent on the thickness of the dielectric and
thus is also more generically a function of volts/mil.
Dielectric Absorption – A capacitor does not discharge
instantaneously upon application of a short circuit, but
drains gradually after the capacitance proper has been discharged. It is common practice to measure the dielectric
absorption by determining the “reappearing voltage” which
appears across a capacitor at some point in time after it has
been fully discharged under short circuit conditions.
Corona – Corona is the ionization of air or other vapors
which causes them to conduct current. It is especially
prevalent in high voltage units but can occur with low voltages
as well where high voltage gradients occur. The energy
discharged degrades the performance of the capacitor and
can in time cause catastrophic failures.
Surface Mounting Guide
MLC Chip Capacitors
REFLOW SOLDERING
D2
D1
D3
D4
D5
Dimensions in millimeters (inches)
Case Size
0402
0603
0805
1206
1210
1808
1812
1825
2220
2225
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
1.70 (0.07)
2.30 (0.09)
3.00 (0.12)
4.00 (0.16)
4.00 (0.16)
5.60 (0.22)
5.60 (0.22)
5.60 (0.22)
6.60 (0.26)
6.60 (0.26)
0.60 (0.02)
0.80 (0.03)
1.00 (0.04)
1.00 (0.04)
1.00 (0.04)
1.00 (0.04)
1.00 (0.04))
1.00 (0.04)
1.00 (0.04)
1.00 (0.04)
0.50 (0.02)
0.70 (0.03)
1.00 (0.04)
2.00 (0.09)
2.00 (0.09)
3.60 (0.14)
3.60 (0.14)
3.60 (0.14)
4.60 (0.18)
4.60 (0.18)
0.60 (0.02)
0.80 (0.03)
1.00 (0.04)
1.00 (0.04)
1.00 (0.04)
1.00 (0.04)
1.00 (0.04)
1.00 (0.04)
1.00 (0.04)
1.00 (0.04)
0.50 (0.02)
0.75 (0.03)
1.25 (0.05)
1.60 (0.06)
2.50 (0.10)
2.00 (0.08)
3.00 (0.12)
6.35 (0.25)
5.00 (0.20)
6.35 (0.25)
Component Pad Design
Component pads should be designed to achieve good
solder filets and minimize component movement during
reflow soldering. Pad designs are given below for the most
common sizes of multilayer ceramic capacitors for both
wave and reflow soldering. The basis of these designs is:
• Pad width equal to component width. It is permissible to
decrease this to as low as 85% of component width but it
is not advisable to go below this.
• Pad overlap 0.5mm beneath component.
• Pad extension 0.5mm beyond components for reflow and
1.0mm for wave soldering.
WAVE SOLDERING
D2
D1
Case Size
0603
0805
1206
1210
D3
D4
D5
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
3.10 (0.12)
4.00 (0.15)
5.00 (0.19)
5.00 (0.19)
1.20 (0.05)
1.50 (0.06)
1.50 (0.06)
1.50 (0.06)
0.70 (0.03)
1.00 (0.04)
2.00 (0.09)
2.00 (0.09)
1.20 (0.05)
1.50 (0.06)
1.50 (0.06)
1.50 (0.06)
0.75 (0.03)
1.25 (0.05)
1.60 (0.06)
2.50 (0.10)
Dimensions in millimeters (inches)
Component Spacing
Preheat & Soldering
For wave soldering components, must be spaced sufficiently
far apart to avoid bridging or shadowing (inability of solder
to penetrate properly into small spaces). This is less important for reflow soldering but sufficient space must be
allowed to enable rework should it be required.
The rate of preheat should not exceed 4°C/second to
prevent thermal shock. A better maximum figure is about
2°C/second.
For capacitors size 1206 and below, with a maximum
thickness of 1.25mm, it is generally permissible to allow a
temperature differential from preheat to soldering of 150°C.
In all other cases this differential should not exceed 100°C.
For further specific application or process advice, please
consult AVX.
Cleaning
≥1.5mm (0.06)
≥1mm (0.04)
≥1mm (0.04)
Care should be taken to ensure that the capacitors are
thoroughly cleaned of flux residues especially the space
beneath the capacitor. Such residues may otherwise
become conductive and effectively offer a low resistance
bypass to the capacitor.
Ultrasonic cleaning is permissible, the recommended
conditions being 8 Watts/litre at 20-45 kHz, with a process
cycle of 2 minutes vapor rinse, 2 minutes immersion in the
ultrasonic solvent bath and finally 2 minutes vapor rinse.
57
Surface Mounting Guide
MLC Chip Capacitors
APPLICATION NOTES
General
Good solderability is maintained for at least twelve months,
provided the components are stored in their “as received”
packaging at less than 40°C and 70% RH.
Surface mounting chip multilayer ceramic capacitors
are designed for soldering to printed circuit boards or other
substrates. The construction of the components is such that
they will withstand the time/temperature profiles used in both
wave and reflow soldering methods.
Solderability
Handling
Terminations to be well soldered after immersion in a 60/40
tin/lead solder bath at 235 ± 5°C for 2 ± 1 seconds.
Chip multilayer ceramic capacitors should be handled with
care to avoid damage or contamination from perspiration
and skin oils. The use of tweezers or vacuum pick ups
is strongly recommended for individual components. Bulk
handling should ensure that abrasion and mechanical shock
are minimized. Taped and reeled components provides the
ideal medium for direct presentation to the placement
machine. Any mechanical shock should be minimized during
handling chip multilayer ceramic capacitors.
Storage
Leaching
Terminations will resist leaching for at least the immersion
times and conditions shown below.
Termination Type
Nickel Barrier
Solder
Solder
Tin/Lead/Silver Temp. °C
60/40/0
260 ± 5
Immersion Time
Seconds
30 ± 1
Preheat
Recommended Soldering Profiles
Reflow
300
Natural
Cooling
Preheat
Solder Temp.
250
200
220°C
to
250°C
150
Soldering
100
50
0
1min
10 sec. max
1min
(Minimize soldering time)
Wave
Preheat
Natural
Cooling
Solder Temp.
250
T
230°C
to
250°C
150
100
50
0
1 to 2 min
3 sec. max
(Preheat chips before soldering)
T/maximum 150°C
58
Mildly activated rosin fluxes are preferred. The minimum
amount of solder to give a good joint should be used.
Excessive solder can lead to damage from the stresses
caused by the difference in coefficients of expansion
between solder, chip and substrate. AVX terminations are
suitable for all wave and reflow soldering systems. If hand
soldering cannot be avoided, the preferred technique is the
utilization of hot air soldering tools.
Cooling
300
200
It is important to avoid the possibility of thermal shock during
soldering and carefully controlled preheat is therefore
required. The rate of preheat should not exceed 4°C/second
and a target figure 2°C/second is recommended. Although
an 80°C to 120°C temperature differential is preferred,
recent developments allow a temperature differential
between the component surface and the soldering temperature of 150°C (Maximum) for capacitors of 1210 size and
below with a maximum thickness of 1.25mm. The user is
cautioned that the risk of thermal shock increases as chip
size or temperature differential increases.
Natural cooling in air is preferred, as this minimizes stresses
within the soldered joint. When forced air cooling is used,
cooling rate should not exceed 4°C/second. Quenching
is not recommended but if used, maximum temperature
differentials should be observed according to the preheat
conditions above.
Cleaning
Flux residues may be hygroscopic or acidic and must be
removed. AVX MLC capacitors are acceptable for use with
all of the solvents described in the specifications MIL-STD202 and EIA-RS-198. Alcohol based solvents are acceptable
and properly controlled water cleaning systems are also
acceptable. Many other solvents have been proven successful,
and most solvents that are acceptable to other components
on circuit assemblies are equally acceptable for use with
ceramic capacitors.
Surface Mounting Guide
MLC Chip Capacitors
POST SOLDER HANDLING
Once SMP components are soldered to the board, any
bending or flexure of the PCB applies stresses to the soldered joints of the components. For leaded devices, the
stresses are absorbed by the compliancy of the metal leads
and generally don’t result in problems unless the stress is
large enough to fracture the soldered connection.
Ceramic capacitors are more susceptible to such stress
because they don’t have compliant leads and are brittle in
nature. The most frequent failure mode is low DC resistance
or short circuit. The second failure mode is significant loss
of capacitance due to severing of contact between sets of
the internal electrodes.
Cracks caused by mechanical flexure are very easily identified and generally take one of the following two general
forms:
COMMON CAUSES OF
MECHANICAL CRACKING
The most common source for mechanical stress is board
depanelization equipment, such as manual breakapart, vcutters and shear presses. Improperly aligned or dull cutters
may cause torqueing of the PCB resulting in flex stresses
being transmitted to components near the board edge.
Another common source of flexural stress is contact during
parametric testing when test points are probed. If the PCB
is allowed to flex during the test cycle, nearby ceramic
capacitors may be broken.
A third common source is board to board connections at
vertical connectors where cables or other PCBs are connected to the PCB. If the board is not supported during the
plug/unplug cycle, it may flex and cause damage to nearby
components.
Special care should also be taken when handling large (>6"
on a side) PCBs since they more easily flex or warp than
smaller boards.
REWORKING OF MLCs
Type A:
Angled crack between bottom of device to top of solder joint.
Thermal shock is common in MLCs that are manually
attached or reworked with a soldering iron. AVX strongly
recommends that any reworking of MLCs be done with hot
air reflow rather than soldering irons. It is practically impossible to cause any thermal shock in ceramic capacitors when
using hot air reflow.
However direct contact by the soldering iron tip often causes thermal cracks that may fail at a later date. If rework by
soldering iron is absolutely necessary, it is recommended
that the wattage of the iron be less than 30 watts and the
tip temperature be <300ºC. Rework should be performed
by applying the solder iron tip to the pad and not directly
contacting any part of the ceramic capacitor.
Type B:
Fracture from top of device to bottom of device.
Mechanical cracks are often hidden underneath the termination and are difficult to see externally. However, if one end
termination falls off during the removal process from PCB,
this is one indication that the cause of failure was excessive
mechanical stress due to board warping.
59
Surface Mounting Guide
MLC Chip Capacitors
Solder Tip
Preferred Method - No Direct Part Contact
Solder Tip
Poor Method - Direct Contact with Part
PCB BOARD DESIGN
To avoid many of the handling problems, AVX recommends that MLCs be located at least .2" away from nearest edge of
board. However when this is not possible, AVX recommends that the panel be routed along the cut line, adjacent to where the
MLC is located.
No Stress Relief for MLCs
60
Routed Cut Line Relieves Stress on MLC
Internet/FAX/CD Rom/Software
Need Additional Information on AVX Products
Internet –
For more information visit us on the worldwide web at
http://www.avxcorp.com
CD ROM –
Or get in touch with your AVX representative for a CD Rom or copies
of the catalogs and technical papers.
Software –
Comprehensive capacitor application software library which includes:
SpiCap (for MLC chip capacitors)
SpiTan (for tantalum capacitors)
SpiCalci (for power supply capacitors)
SpiMic (for RF-Microwave capacitors)
NOTICE: Specifications are subject to change without notice. Contact your nearest AVX Sales Office for the latest specifications. All statements, information and data given
herein are believed to be accurate and reliable, but are presented without guarantee, warranty, or responsibility of any kind, expressed or implied. Statements
or suggestions concerning possible use of our products are made without representation or warranty that any such use is free of patent infringement and are not
recommendations to infringe any patent. The user should not assume that all safety measures are indicated or that other measures may not be required. Specifications are
typical and may not apply to all applications.
© AVX Corporation
USA
AVX Myrtle Beach, SC
Corporate Offices
AVX North Central, IN
AVX Southwest, AZ
AVX Southeast, GA
Tel: 317-848-7153
FAX: 317-844-9314
Tel: 480-539-1496
FAX: 480-539-1501
Tel: 404-608-8151
FAX: 770-972-0766
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AVX South Central, TX
AVX Canada
Tel: 952-974-9155
FAX: 952-974-9179
Tel: 972-669-1223
FAX: 972-669-2090
Tel: 905-564-8959
FAX: 905-564-9728
Tel: 843-448-9411
FAX: 843-448-1943
AVX Northwest, WA
Tel: 360-699-8746
FAX: 360-699-8751
EUROPE
AVX Limited, England
European Headquarters
Tel: ++44 (0) 1252-770000
FAX: ++44 (0) 1252-770001
AVX/ELCO, England
Tel: ++44 (0) 1638-675000
FAX: ++44 (0) 1638-675001
AVX S.A., France
AVX srl, Italy
Tel: ++33 (1) 69-18-46-00
FAX: ++33 (1) 69-28-73-87
Tel: ++390 (0)2 614-571
FAX: ++390 (0)2 614-2576
AVX GmbH, Germany
AVX Czech Republic
Tel: ++49 (0) 8131-9004-0
FAX: ++49 (0) 8131-9004-44
Tel: ++420 (0) 465-358-111
FAX: ++420 (0) 465-323-010
ASIA-PACIFIC
AVX/Kyocera, Singapore
Asia-Pacific Headquarters
Tel: (65) 6286-7555
FAX: (65) 6488-9880
AVX/Kyocera, Hong Kong
Tel: (852) 2-363-3303
FAX: (852) 2-765-8185
AVX/Kyocera, Korea
Tel: (82) 2-785-6504
FAX: (82) 2-784-5411
AVX/Kyocera, Taiwan
Kyocera, Japan - AVX
Tel: (886) 2-2696-4636
FAX: (886) 2-2696-4237
Tel: (81) 75-604-3426
FAX: (81) 75-604-3425
AVX/Kyocera, China
Kyocera, Japan - KDP
Tel: (86) 21-6249-0314-16
FAX: (86) 21-6249-0313
Tel: (81) 75-604-3424
FAX: (81) 75-604-3425
AVX/Kyocera, Malaysia
AVX/Kyocera, Shanghai
Tel: (60) 4-228-1190
FAX: (60) 4-228-1196
Tel: 86-21 6886 1000
FAX: 86-21 6886 1010
Elco, Japan
Tianjin AVX/Kyocera
Tel: 045-943-2906/7
FAX: 045-943-2910
Tel: 86-22 2576 0098
FAX: 86-22 2576 0096
Contact:
A KYOCERA GROUP COMPANY
http://www.avxcorp.com
S-MLCC00M0403-C
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