ACT.org has created an online booklet regarding preparation for the ACT

ACT.org has created an online booklet regarding preparation for the ACT
2015l2016
FREE
Preparing for the ACT Test
®
What’s Inside
• Full-Length Practice Tests, including a Writing Test
• Information about the Optional Writing Test
• Strategies to Prepare for the Tests
• What to Expect on Test Day
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en español en www.actstudent.org
www.actstudent.org
Contents
may notice subtle differences between this practice test
and the test you actually take on test day.
1. General Preparation for the ACT Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
2. Strategies for Taking the ACT Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
3. What to Expect on Test Day . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
4. Taking the Practice Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Practice Multiple-Choice Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Practice Writing Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
5. Scoring Your Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
How to Score the Multiple-Choice Tests . . . . . . . . 56
How to Score the Writing Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
6. Sample Answer Document . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
1
General Preparation
for the ACT Tests
General Test-Taking
Strategies for the ACT
The ACT contains multiple-choice tests in four areas:
English, mathematics, reading, and science. Each of these
tests contains questions that offer either four or five answer
choices from which you are to choose the correct, or best,
answer. The following suggestions apply to all four tests:
A Message to Students
This booklet, which is provided free of charge, is intended
to help you do your best on the ACT ® test. Included in
this booklet are complete practice tests—“retired” ACT
­questions that were administered to students on a National
test date—including a writing prompt, a sample answer
document, answer keys, and self-scoring i­nstructions.
Pace yourself.
The time limits set for each test give nearly everyone enough
time to finish all the questions. However, because the
English, reading, and science tests contain a considerable
amount of text, it is important to pace yourself so you will not
spend too much time on one passage. Similarly, try not to
spend too much time puzzling over an answer to a specific
problem in the mathematics test. Go on to the other
questions and come back if there is time. Your supervisor
will announce when you have five minutes remaining on
each test.
Read this booklet carefully and take the practice tests well
before test day so you will be familiar with the tests, what
they measure, and the strategies you can use to do your
best on test day.
Go to www.actstudent.org for additional ACT test
preparation materials, including ACT Online Prep™, The
Real ACT Prep Guide, sample questions, and the Question
of the Day.
Read the directions for each test carefully.
Before you begin taking one of the tests, read the
directions carefully. The English, reading, and science
tests ask for the “best” answer. Do not respond as soon as
you identify a correct answer. Read and consider all of the
answer choices and choose the answer that best responds
to the question.
The ACT is administered nationally and internationally
to examinees in English, including all instructions and
questions. Select states testing as part of the State and
District testing program permit the use of translated
instructions, but such testing does not result in a collegereportable score.
The mathematics test asks for the “correct” answer. Read
each question carefully to make sure you understand the
type of answer required. Then, you may want to work out
the answer you feel is correct and look for it among the
choices given. If your answer is not among the choices
provided, reread the question and consider all of the
answer choices.
ACT is committed to representing the diversity of society
in all its aspects, including race, ethnicity, and gender.
Thus, test passages, questions, and writing prompts are
deliberately chosen to reflect a range of cultures.
ACT is also committed to ensuring that test questions and
writing prompts are fair—that they do not disadvantage
any particular group of examinees. Extensive reviews of
the fairness of test materials are rigorously conducted by
both ACT staff and external consultants. ACT also employs
statistical procedures to help ensure that test materials do
not unfairly affect the performance of any group.
Read each question carefully.
It is important that you understand what each question
asks. Some questions will require you to go through several
steps to find the correct or best answer, while others can
be answered more quickly.
Answer the easy questions first.
The best strategy for taking the tests is to answer the easy
questions and skip the questions you find difficult. After
answering all of the easy questions, go back and answer
the more difficult questions if you have time.
Note: Since the ACT is a curriculum-based achievement
test, research is periodically conducted and tests are
updated accordingly to ensure test content continues
to reflect classroom instruction and remains a relevant
predictor of college and career readiness. As a result, you
ACT endorses the Code of Fair Testing Practices in Education and the Code of
Professional Responsibilities in Educational Measurement, guides to the conduct
of those involved in educational testing. ACT is committed to ensuring that each
of its testing programs upholds the guidelines in each Code. A copy of each
Code may be obtained free of charge from ACT Customer Services (70), PO Box
1008, Iowa City, IA 52243-1008, 319.337.1429.
© 2015 by ACT, Inc. All rights reserved.
NOTE: This booklet is covered by federal copyright laws that prohibit the
reproduction of the test questions without the prior express, written permission of ACT, Inc. No portion of this booklet may be copied or distributed without written permission of ACT.
2
Read the directions carefully.
In writing your essay, you will be expected to engage
meaningfully with the issue and perspectives presented by
the prompt. Before you begin to plan and write, read and
consider all prompt material carefully.
Use logic on more difficult questions.
When you return to the more difficult questions, try to
use logic to eliminate incorrect answers to a question.
Compare the answer choices to each other and note how
they differ. Such differences may provide clues as to what
the question requires. Eliminate as many incorrect answers
as you can, then make an educated guess from the
remaining answers.
Read the writing prompt carefully.
It is important that you understand exactly what the
writing prompt asks you to do. Be sure you have a clear
understanding of the issue in the writing prompt and of the
question you must respond to before you start to plan and
write your essay.
Answer every question.
Your score on the tests will be based only on the number
of questions that you answer correctly; there is no penalty
for guessing. Thus, you should answer every question
within the time allowed for each test.
Write (or print) legibly in the answer folder.
If your readers cannot read what you have written, they will
not be able to score your essay. You must write your essay
using a soft lead No. 2 pencil (not a mechanical pencil
or ink pen) on the lined pages in the answer folder. You
may not need all the lined pages, but to ensure you have
enough room to finish, do not skip lines.
Review your work.
If there is time left after you have answered every question in
a test, go back and check your work on that test. You will not
be allowed to go back to any other test or mark responses to
a test after time has been called on that test.
Be precise in marking your answer document.
Be sure that you properly fill in the correct ovals on your
answer document. Check to be sure that the number of
the line of ovals on your answer document is the same as
the number of the question you are answering and that you
mark only one response for each question.
Make corrections clear.
If you make corrections, do so thoroughly and legibly. You
may write corrections or additions neatly between the lines
of your essay, but do not write in the margins.
Erase completely.
If you want to change a multiple-choice answer, be sure
to use a soft eraser that will not leave smudges and erase
the unintended mark completely. Do not cross out answers
or use correction fluid or tape; you must erase. Correction
fluid/tape, smudges, or unintended marks may cause
errors in scoring.
• Prepare well in advance for the tests.
• Know what to expect on test day. Familiarize yourself
with the information in this booklet, and at
www.actstudent.org.
• Most procedures in this booklet refer to testing on a
National or International test date at an ACT test center.
Procedures may differ slightly if you test at another
location.
• Take the practice tests in order and review your
responses.
• Get plenty of rest the night before the tests.
• Carefully review the “Test Day Checklist” at
www.actstudent.org.
➤ Bring the following items with you to the test center:
1. Your paper ticket (if you test on a National or
International ACT test date). You will not be
admitted to test without it.
2. Acceptable photo identification. See details on
your ticket or at www.actstudent.org. If you do
not present acceptable photo identification with
your ticket at check-in, you will not be admitted to
test.
3. Sharpened soft lead No. 2 pencils and good
erasers (no mechanical pencils or ink pens). Do
not bring any other writing instruments; you will
not be allowed to use them.
Preparing for Test Day
To students approved to test at National test centers
with extended time:
You will be allowed up to 5 hours total to work on the
multiple-choice tests at your own pace, including breaks
between tests. If you are taking the ACT with writing, you
will be allowed up to 6 hours total to work on all five tests.
General Test-Taking Strategies
for the ACT Writing Test
The ACT writing test lets you show your skill in composing
an essay. It measures writing proficiencies that are taught
in high school and are important for readiness to succeed
in entry-level college composition courses.
The following general strategies will help if you take the
ACT writing test.
Pace yourself.
You will have 40 minutes to write your essay. It is important
to pace yourself in the way that best suits your personal
writing strategy. Many writers do best when they spend
part of their time planning the essay, most of their time
writing the essay, and the last part of their time reviewing
the essay to make corrections and revisions. Budget your
time based on your experience in taking essay tests in
school and in other circumstances when you’ve done
writing within a time limit. Your supervisor will announce
when you have five minutes remaining on the writing test.
3
Some questions refer to underlined portions of the passage
and offer several alternatives to the underlined portion.
You must decide which choice is most appropriate in
the context of the passage. Some questions ask about
an underlined portion, a section of the passage, or the
passage as a whole. You must decide which choice best
answers the question posed. Many questions offer “NO
CHANGE” to the passage as one of the choices. The
questions are numbered consecutively. Each question
number refers to a correspondingly numbered portion
underlined in the passage or to a corresponding numeral in
a box located at the appropriate point in the passage.
4.
A watch to pace yourself. Do not bring a watch
with an alarm, because it will disturb other
students. If your alarm sounds during testing, you
will be dismissed and your answer document will
not be scored. Your supervisor will announce when
you have five minutes remaining on each test.
5.A permitted calculator may be used on the
mathematics test only. It is your responsibility
to know whether your calculator is permitted.
For the most current information on the ACT
calculator policy, visit www.actstudent.org or call
800.498.6481 for a recorded message.
2
Three scores are reported for the ACT English test: a total
test score based on all 75 questions, a subscore in Usage/
Mechanics based on 40 questions, and a subscore in
Rhetorical Skills based on 35 questions.
Strategies for Taking
the ACT Tests
Tips for Taking the ACT English Test
The ACT measures the knowledge, understanding, and
skills that you have acquired throughout your education.
Although the sum total of what a person has learned cannot
be changed, your performance in a specific area can be
affected by adequate preparation, especially if it has been
some time since you have taken a course in that area.
Pace yourself.
The ACT English test contains 75 questions to be completed
in 45 minutes. If you spend 11⁄2 minutes skimming through
each passage before responding to the questions, then you
will have 30 seconds to answer each question. If possible,
spend less time on each question and use the remaining
time allowed for this test to review your work and return to the
questions on this test that were most difficult for you.
There are three strategies that can help you to prepare
yourself for the content included in the ACT:
Familiarize yourself with the content of the ACT tests.
Review the information about the tests that is provided on
the following pages. Note which content areas make up a
large proportion of the tests and which do not. The specific
topics included in each content area are ­examples of
possible topics; they do not include all of the possibilities.
Be aware of the writing style used in each passage.
The five passages cover a variety of topics and are written
in a variety of styles. It is important that you take into account
the writing style used in each passage when you respond
to the questions. In responding to a question, be sure to
understand the context of the question. Consider how the
sentence containing an underlined portion fits in with the
surrounding sentences and into the passage as a whole.
Refresh your knowledge and skills in the content areas.
Review those content areas you have studied but are
not fresh in your mind. Spend your time refreshing your
knowledge and skills in the content areas that make up
large portions of the tests.
Examine the underlined portions of the passage.
Before responding to a question with an underlined portion,
carefully examine what is underlined in the text. Consider
the elements of writing that are included in each underlined
portion. Some questions will ask you to base your decision
on some specific element of writing, such as the tone or
emphasis the text should convey. Some questions will ask
you to choose the alternative to the underlined portion
that is NOT or LEAST acceptable. The answer c
­ hoices for
each question will contain changes in one or more of those
elements of writing.
Identify the content areas you have not studied.
If unfamiliar content areas make up major portions of
the tests, consider taking coursework to help you gain
knowledge and skills in these areas before you take the
ACT. Because the ACT measures knowledge and skills
acquired over a period of time, it is unlikely that a “cram”
course covering material that is unfamiliar to you will help
you improve your scores. Longer-term survey courses will
be most helpful to you, because they aim to improve your
knowledge through sustained learning and practice.
Be aware of questions with no underlined portions.
You will be asked some questions about a section of the
passage or about the passage as a whole, in light of a
given rhetorical situation. Questions of this type are often
identified by a question number in a box located at the
appropriate point in the passage. Questions about the
entire passage are placed at the end of the passage and
introduced by a horizontal box enclosing the f­ollowing
instruction: “Questions ___ and ___ ask about the
preceding passage as a whole.”
ACT English Test
The ACT English test is a 75-question, 45-minute test
that measures your understanding of the conventions of
standard written English (punctuation, grammar and usage,
and sentence structure) and of rhetorical skills (strategy,
organization, and style). Spelling, vocabulary, and rote
recall of rules of grammar are not tested. The test consists
of five essays, or passages, each of which is accompanied
by a sequence of multiple-choice test questions. Different
passage types are employed to provide a variety of
rhetorical situations. Passages are chosen not only for
their appro­priateness in assessing writing skills but also to
reflect ­students’ interests and experiences.
Note the differences in the answer choices.
Many of the questions in the test will involve more than one
aspect of writing. Examine each answer choice and how it
differs from the others. Be careful not to select an answer
that corrects one error but causes a different error.
4
Organization (10–15%). Questions in this category test how
well you organize ideas and choose effective opening,
transitional, and closing sentences.
Determine the best answer.
Two approaches can be taken to determine the best answer
to a question in which you are to choose the best alternative
to an underlined portion. In the first approach, you can
reread the sentence or sentences, ­substituting each of
the possible answer choices for the underlined portion to
determine the best choice. In the second approach, you can
decide how the underlined ­portion might best be phrased in
standard w
­ ritten English or in terms of the particular question
posed. If you think the underlined portion is the best answer,
you should select “NO CHANGE.” If not, you should check
to see whether your phrasing is one of the other answer
choices. If you do not find your phrasing, you should choose
the best of the answers presented. For questions cued by
a number in a box, you must decide which choice is most
appropriate in terms of the question posed or the ­stated
rhetorical ­situation.
Style (15–20%). Questions in this category test how well
you choose precise and appropriate words and images,
maintain the level of style and tone in an essay, manage
sentence elements for rhetorical effectiveness, and
avoid ambiguous pronoun references, wordiness, and
redundancy.
ACT Mathematics Test
You may use a calculator on the mathematics test.
See www.actstudent.org for details about prohibited
models and features.
The ACT mathematics test is a 60-question, 60-minute test
designed to assess the mathematical skills students have
typically acquired in courses taken up to the beginning
of grade 12. The test presents multiple-choice questions
that require you to use reasoning skills to solve practical
problems in mathematics. Most questions are selfcontained. Some questions may belong to a set of several
questions (e.g., several questions about the same graph
or chart). Knowledge of basic formulas and computational
skills are assumed as background for the problems, but
recall of complex formulas and extensive computation is
not required. The material covered on the test emphasizes
the major content areas that are prerequisites to successful
performance in entry-level courses in college mathematics.
Reread the sentence, using your selected answer.
Once you have selected the answer you feel is best, reread
the corresponding sentence(s) of the passage, inserting
your selected answer at the appropriate place in the text
to make sure it is the best answer within the context of the
passage.
Content Covered by the ACT English Test
Six elements of effective writing are included in the
English test: punctuation, grammar and usage, sentence
structure, strategy, organization, and style. The questions
covering punctuation, grammar and usage, and sentence
structure make up the Usage/Mechanics subscore. The
questions covering strat­egy, organization, and style make
up the Rhetorical Skills subscore. A brief description and
the approximate percentage of the test devoted to each
element of effective writing are given below.
Four scores are reported for the ACT mathematics test:
a total test score based on all 60 questions, a subscore
in Pre-Algebra/Elementary Algebra, a subscore in
Intermediate Algebra/Coordinate Geometry, and a
subscore in Plane Geometry/Trigonometry.
USAGE/MECHANICS
Tips for Taking the ACT Mathematics Test
Punctuation (10–15%). Questions in this category test
your knowledge of the conventions of internal and end-of-­
sentence punctuation, with emphasis on the relationship of
punctuation to meaning (for example, avoiding ambiguity,
indicating appositives).
Pace yourself.
The ACT mathematics test contains 60 questions to be
completed in 60 minutes. You have an average of 1 minute
per question. If possible, spend less time on each question
and use the remaining time allowed for this test to review
your work and return to the questions on this test that were
most difficult for you.
Grammar and Usage (15–20%). Questions in this cate­gory
test your understanding of agreement between subject
and verb, between pronoun and antecedent, and between
modifiers and the word modified; verb formation; pronoun
case; formation of comparative and superlative adjectives
and adverbs; and idiomatic usage.
If you use a calculator, use it wisely.
All of the mathematics problems can be solved without
using a calculator. Many of the problems are best done
without a calculator. Use good judgment in deciding
when, and when not, to use a calculator. For example, for
some problems you may wish to do scratch work to clarify
your thoughts on the question before you begin using a
calculator to do computations.
Sentence Structure (20–25%). Questions in this category
test your understanding of relationships between
and among clauses, placement of modifiers, and shifts in
construction.
Solve the problem.
For working out the solutions to the problems, you will
usually do scratch work in the space provided in the test
booklet. You may wish to glance over the answer choices
after reading the q
­ uestions. However, working backwards
from the answer choices provided can take a lot of time
and may not be e
­ ffective.
RHETORICAL SKILLS
Strategy (15–20%). Questions in this category test how
well you develop a given topic by choosing expressions
appropriate to an essay’s audience and purpose; judging
the effect of adding, revising, or deleting supporting
material; and judging the relevancy of statements in
context.
5
INTERMEDIATE ALGEBRA/COORDINATE GEOMETRY
Locate your solution among the answer choices.
Once you have solved the problem, look for your answer
among the choices. If your answer is not included among
the choices, carefully reread the problem to see whether
you missed important information. Pay careful attention to
the question being asked. If an equation is to be selected,
check to see whether the equation you think is best can be
transformed into one of the answer choices provided.
Intermediate Algebra (15–20%). Questions in this content
area are based on an understanding of the quadratic
formula, rational and radical expressions, absolute value
equations and inequalities, sequences and patterns, systems
of equations, quadratic inequalities, functions, modeling,
matrices, roots of polynomials, and complex numbers.
Coordinate Geometry (15–20%). Questions in this content
area are based on graphing and the relations between
equations and graphs, including points, lines, polynomials,
circles, and other curves; graphing inequalities; slope;
parallel and perpendicular lines; distance; midpoints; and
conics.
Make sure you answer the question.
The solutions to many questions on the test will involve
several steps. Make sure your answer accounts for all the
necessary steps. Frequently, questions include answer
choices that are based on incomplete solutions.
PLANE GEOMETRY/TRIGONOMETRY
Make sure your answer is reasonable.
Sometimes an error in computation will result in an answer
that is not practically possible for the situation described.
Always think about your answer to determine whether it is
reasonable.
Plane Geometry (20–25%). Questions in this content area
are based on the properties and relations of plane figures,
including angles and relations among p
­ erpendicular and
­parallel lines; properties of circles, triangles, rectangles,
parallelograms, and trapezoids; transformations; the
concept of proof and proof techniques; volume; and
applications of geometry to three dimensions.
Check your work.
You may arrive at an incorrect solution by making common
errors in the problem-solving process. Thus, if there is
time remaining before the end of the mathematics test, it
is important that you reread the questions and check your
answers to make sure they are correct.
Trigonometry (5–10%). Questions in this content area
are based on understanding trigonometric relations in
right triangles; values and properties of trigonometric
functions; graphing trigonometric functions; modeling using
trigonometric f­unctions; use of trigonometric identities; and
solving trigonometric equations.
Content Covered by the ACT Mathematics Test
Six content areas are included in the mathematics test:
pre-algebra, elementary algebra, intermediate algebra,
coordinate geometry, plane geometry, and trigonometry.
The questions covering pre-algebra and elementary algebra
make up the Pre-Algebra/Elementary Algebra subscore. The
questions covering intermediate algebra and coordinate
geometry make up the Intermediate Algebra/Coordinate
Geometry subscore. The questions covering plane geometry
and trigonometry make up the Plane Geometry/Trigonometry
subscore. A brief description and the approximate
percentage of the test devoted to each content area are
given below.
ACT Reading Test
The ACT reading test is a 40-question, 35-minute test
that measures your reading comprehension. The test
questions ask you to derive meaning from several texts by
(1) referring to what is explicitly stated and (2) reasoning to
determine implicit meanings. Specifically, questions will ask
you to use referring and reasoning skills to determine main
ideas; locate and interpret significant details; understand
sequences of events; make comparisons; comprehend
cause-effect relationships; determine the meaning of
context-dependent words, phrases, and statements; draw
generalizations; and analyze the author’s or narrator’s
voice and method. The test comprises four sections, each
containing one long or two shorter prose passages that
are representative of the level and kinds of text commonly
encountered in first-year college curricula. Each passage is
preceded by a heading that identifies what type of passage
it is (for example, “Literary Narrative”), names the author,
and may include a brief note that helps in understanding
the passage. Each section contains a set of multiple-choice
test questions. These questions do not test the rote recall
of facts from outside the passage, isolated vocabulary
items, or rules of formal logic. In sections that contain two
short passages, some of the questions involve both of the
passages in the section.
PRE-ALGEBRA/ELEMENTARY ALGEBRA
Pre-Algebra (20–25%). Questions in this content area are
based on basic operations using whole numbers, decimals,
fractions, and integers; place value; square roots and
approximations; the concept of exponents; scientific notation;
factors; ratio, proportion, and percent; linear equations
in one variable; absolute value and ordering numbers by
value; elementary counting techniques and simple proba­
bility; data collection, representation, and interpretation;
and understanding simple descriptive statistics.
Elementary Algebra (15–20%). Questions in this content area
are based on properties of exponents and square roots,
evaluation of algebraic expressions through substitution,
using variables to express functional relationships,
understanding algebraic operations, and the solution of
quadratic equations by factoring.
6
ACT Science Test
Three scores are reported for the ACT reading test: a total
test score based on all 40 questions, a subscore in Social
Studies/Sciences reading skills (based on the 20 questions
on the social studies and natural sciences passages), and
a subscore in Arts/Literature reading skills (based on the 20
questions on the literary narrative and humanities passages).
The ACT science test is a 40-question, 35-minute test that
measures the interpretation, analysis, evaluation, reasoning,
and problem-solving skills required in the natural sciences.
The test presents several sets of scientific information, each
followed by a number of multiple-choice test questions. The
scientific information is conveyed in one of three different
formats: data representation (graphs, tables, and other
schematic forms), research summaries (descriptions of
­several related experiments), or conflicting viewpoints
(expressions of several related hypotheses or views that
are inconsistent with one another). The questions require
you to recognize and understand the basic features of, and
concepts related to, the provided information; to examine
­critically the relationship between the information provided
and the conclusions drawn or hypotheses developed;
and to generalize from given information to gain new
information, draw conclusions, or make predictions.
Tips for Taking the ACT Reading Test
Pace yourself.
The ACT reading test contains 40 questions to be
completed in 35 minutes. If you spend 2–3 minutes reading
the passage(s) in each section, then you will have about
35 seconds to answer each question. If possible, spend
less time on the passages and the questions and use the
remaining time allowed for this test to review your work and
return to the questions on this test that were most difficult
for you.
Read each passage carefully.
Before you begin answering a question, read the entire
passage (or two short passages) carefully. Be conscious
of relationships between or among ideas. You may
make notes in the test booklet about important ideas in the
passages.
You are not permitted to use a calculator on the ACT
science test.
One score is reported for the ACT science test: a total test
score based on all 40 questions.
Tips for Taking the ACT Science Test
Refer to the passages when answering the questions.
Answers to some of the questions will be found by referring
to what is explicitly stated in the text. Other questions will
require you to determine implicit meanings and to draw
conclusions, comparisons, and generalizations. Consider
the text before you answer any question.
Pace yourself.
The ACT science test contains 40 questions to be completed
in 35 minutes. If you spend about 2 minutes reading each
passage, then you will have about 30 seconds to answer
each question. If possible, spend less time on the passages
and the questions and use the remaining time allowed for
this test to review your work and return to the questions on
this test that were most difficult for you.
Content Covered by the ACT Reading Test
The reading test is based on four types of reading
selections: the social studies, the natural sciences,
literary narrative, and the humanities. A subscore in Social
Studies/Sciences reading skills is based on the questions
on the social studies and the natural sciences passages,
and a subscore in Arts/Literature reading skills is based
on the questions on the literary narrative and humanities
passages. A brief description and the approximate
percentage of the test devoted to each type of reading
selection are given below.
Read the passage carefully.
Before you begin answering a question, read the scientific
material provided. It is important that you read the entire
text and examine any tables, graphs, or figures. You may
want to make notes about important ideas in the information
provided in the test booklet. Some of the information
sets will describe experiments. You should consider the
experimental design, ­including the controls and variables,
because questions are likely to address this component of
scientific research.
Social Studies (25%). Questions in this category are
based on passages in the content areas of anthropology,
archaeology, biography, business, economics, education,
geography, history, political science, psychology, and
sociology.
Note different viewpoints in passages.
Some material will present conflicting points of view,
and the questions will ask you to distinguish among the
­various viewpoints. It may be helpful for you to make notes
­summarizing each viewpoint next to that section in the test
booklet.
Natural Sciences (25%). Questions in this category are
based on passages in the content areas of anatomy,
astronomy, biology, botany, chemistry, ecology, geology,
medicine, meteorology, microbiology, natural history,
physiology, physics, technology, and zoology.
Content Covered by the ACT Science Test
The content of the science test includes biology,
chemistry, physics, and the Earth/space sciences
(for example, geology, astronomy, and meteorology).
Advanced knowledge in these subjects is not required,
but knowledge acquired in general, introductory s­ cience
courses is needed to answer some of the questions. The
test emphasizes scientific reasoning skills over recall of
scientific content, skill in mathematics, or reading ability.
The scientific information is conveyed in one of three
different formats.
Literary Narrative (25%) or Prose Fiction (25%). Questions
in the Literary Narrative category are based on passages
from short stories, novels, memoirs, and personal essays.
Questions in the Prose Fiction category are based on
passages from short stories and novels.
Humanities (25%). Questions in this category are based on
passages in the content areas of architecture, art, dance,
ethics, film, language, literary criticism, music, philosophy,
radio, television, and theater. Questions may be based on
passages from memoirs and personal essays.
7
Data Representation (30–40%). This format presents
graphic and tabular material similar to that found in science
journals and texts. The questions associated with this
format measure skills such as graph reading, interpretation
of ­scatter­plots, and interpretation of information presented
in tables.
Tips for Taking the ACT Writing Test
Pace yourself.
The ACT writing test contains one question to be
completed in 40 minutes. When asked to write a timed
essay, most writers find it useful to do some planning
before they write the essay, and to do a final check of the
essay when it is finished. It is unlikely that you will have time
to draft, revise, and recopy your essay.
Research Summaries (45–55%). This format provides
descriptions of one or more related experiments. The
­questions focus upon the design of experiments and the
interpretation of experimental results.
Plan.
Before writing, carefully read and consider all prompt
material. Be sure you understand the issue, its
perspectives, and your essay task. The prewriting
questions included with the prompt will help you analyze
the perspectives and develop your own. Use these
questions to think critically about the prompt and generate
effective ideas in response. Ask yourself how your ideas
and analysis can best be supported and organized in a
written argument. Use the prewriting space in your test
booklet to structure or outline your response.
Conflicting Viewpoints (15–20%). This format presents
expressions of several hypotheses or views that, being
based on differing premises or on incomplete data, are
inconsistent with one another. The questions focus upon
the understanding, analysis, and comparison of alternative
viewpoints or hypotheses.
ACT Writing Test (Optional)
If you register for the ACT with writing, you will take the ACT
writing test (which must be completed in English) after you
complete the four multiple-choice tests.
Write.
Establish the focus of your essay by making clear your
argument and its main ideas. Explain and illustrate your
ideas with sound reasoning and meaningful examples.
Discuss the significance of your ideas: what are the
implications of what you have to say, and why is your
argument important to consider? As you write, ask yourself
if your logic is clear, you have supported your claims, and
you have chosen precise words to communicate your
ideas.
The ACT writing test is a 40-minute essay test that
measures your writing skills—specifically those writing
skills emphasized in high school English classes and in
entry-level college composition courses. The test describes
an issue and provides three different perspectives on
the issue. You are asked to “evaluate and analyze” the
perspectives; to “state and develop” your own perspective;
and to “explain the relationship” between your perspective
and those given. Your score will not be affected by the
perspective you take on the issue.
Review your essay.
Take a few minutes before time is called to read over your
essay. Correct any mistakes. If you find any words that are
hard to read, recopy them. Make corrections and revisions
neatly, between the lines. Do not write in the margins. Your
readers know you had only 40 minutes to compose and
write your essay. Within that time limit, try to make your
essay as polished as you can.
Taking the writing test will not affect your scores on the
multiple-choice tests or your Composite score. Rather, you
will receive a single subject-level writing score on a scale
of 1–36 and five additional scores: an English Language
Arts score on a scale of 1–36 and scores for four domains
of writing competencies (Ideas and Analysis, Development
and Support, Organization, and Language Use and
Conventions) on a scale of 2–12.
Practice.
There are many ways to prepare for the ACT writing
test. These include reading newspapers and magazines,
listening to news analyses on television or radio, and
participating in discussions and debates.
Two trained readers will score your essay from 1-6 in each
of four writing domains. Each domain score represents
the sum of the two readers’ scores. Your Writing Score is
calculated from your domain scores and is reported on a
scale of 1–36. Your domain scores do not necessarily add
up to your reported Writing Score.
One of the best ways to prepare for the ACT writing test
is to practice writing with different purposes for different
audiences. The writing you do in your classes will help you.
So will writing essays, stories, editorials, a personal journal,
or other writing you do on your own.
It is also a good idea to practice writing within a time limit.
Taking the practice ACT writing test will give you a sense
of how much additional practice you may need. You might
want to take the practice ACT writing test even if you do
not plan to take the ACT with writing, because this will help
build skills that are important in c
­ ollege-level learning and
in the world of work.
8
3
What to Expect
on Test Day
• Looking at another person’s test booklet or answer
document.
• Giving or receiving assistance by any means.
• Discussing or sharing of test content, test form
identification numbers, or answers during test
administration, during breaks, or after the test is
prohibited.
Reporting Time
For National and International test dates, you must report
to the test center by the time stated on your ticket, normally
8:00 a.m. If you are late, you will not be admitted to test. If
your ticket does not list a specific room, test center staff or
posted signs will direct you.
• Using a prohibited calculator (www.actstudent.org).
• Using a calculator on any test section other than
Mathematics.
Requirements for Admission
• Sharing a calculator with another person.
At check-in, you will be required to show both your
paper ticket and acceptable photo ID or you will not be
admitted to test. See ID requirements on your ticket or
at www.actstudent.org.
• Using a watch with recording, internet, or
communication capabilities.
• Using any electronic device at any time during testing
or during break other than an approved calculator
or watch. All other electronic devices, including cell
phones and wearable devices, must be turned off and
placed out of reach from the time you are admitted to
test until you are dismissed after testing concludes.
In the Test Room
• The supervisor or proctor will direct you to a seat. If
you need a left-handed desk, tell your supervisor as
you enter.
• Do not leave the test room after you have been admitted.
• Only pencils, erasers, a permitted calculator, and your
ticket will be allowed on your desk.
• You will be required to put all other personal belongings
away.
• You may not use tobacco in any form or have food or
drink (including water) in the test room. You may have
snacks and drinks outside the test room during break.
• Testing will begin as soon as all examinees present at
8:00 a.m. are checked in and seated.
• Listen carefully to all directions read by your supervisor.
• It is important that you follow all directions carefully.
• Attempting to memorize test-related information or
otherwise remove test materials, including questions or
answers, from the test room in any way.
• Using highlight pens, colored pens or pencils, notes,
dictionaries, or other aids.
• Using scratch paper (unless an exception applies).
o Specific instructions will be provided on test day if
ACT authorizes you to use scratch paper, including
the section(s) on which ACT has authorized its use.
o If you are permitted to use scratch paper, you may
only use paper that ACT has authorized and/or
provided to you.
• On some test dates, ACT tries out questions to develop
future versions of the tests. You may be asked to take
a fifth test, the results of which will not be reflected in
your reported scores. The fifth test could be multiplechoice or one for which you will create your own
answers. Please try your best on these questions,
because your participation can help shape the future of
the ACT. If you are in a test room where the fifth test is
administered, you will be dismissed at about 12:35 p.m.
• Not following instructions or abiding by the rules of the
test center.
• Exhibiting confrontational, threatening, or unruly
behavior; or violating any laws. If ACT suspects you are
engaging in criminal activities, such activities will be
reported to law enforcement agencies.
• Allowing an alarm to sound in the test room or creating
any other disturbance.
Prohibited Behavior at the Test
Center
All items brought into the test center, such as hats, purses,
backpacks, cell phones, calculators, and other electronic
devices may be searched at the discretion of ACT and its
testing staff. ACT and its testing staff may confiscate and
retain for a reasonable period of time any item suspected
of having been used, or being capable of being used, in
violation of this list of prohibited behaviors. ACT may also
provide such items to third parties in connection with an
investigation conducted by ACT or others. ACT and its
testing staff shall not be responsible for lost, stolen, or
damaged items.
The following behaviors are prohibited. You will be
dismissed and your answer document will not be scored if
you are found:
• Filling in or altering responses on a test section on your
answer sheet or continuing to complete the essay after
time has been called on that test section. This means
that you cannot make any changes to a test section
outside of the designated time for that section, even to
fix a stray mark or accidental keystroke.
• Looking back at a test section on which time has
already been called.
• Looking ahead in the test booklet.
9
4
Voiding Your Answer
Documents on Test Day
If you have to leave the test center before completing all
your tests, you must decide whether or not you want your
answer document scored and inform your supervisor of
your decision. If you do not, your answer document will
be scored.
Taking the Practice Tests
Take the practice tests under conditions as similar as
possible to those you will experience on test day. The
following tips will help you:
• The four multiple-choice tests require 2 hours and
55 minutes. Take them in order in one sitting, with a
10- to 15-minute break between Tests 2 and 3.
• You will need only sharpened No. 2 pencils with good
erasers. Remove all other items from your desk. You will
not be allowed to use scratch paper.
• If you plan to use a permitted calculator on the
mathematics test, use the same one you will use on test
day.
• Use a digital timer or clock to time yourself on each
practice test. Set your timer for five minutes less than
the time allowed for each test so you can get used to
the verbal announcement of five minutes remaining.
• Give yourself only the time allowed for each test.
• Detach and use the sample multiple-choice answer
document on pages 63–64.
• Read the test directions on the first page of the practice
multiple-choice tests. These are the same directions
that will appear on your test booklet on test day.
• Start your timer and begin with Test 1. Continue through
Test 4, taking a 10- to 15-minute break between Tests
2 and 3. If you do not plan to take the ACT with writing,
score your multiple-choice tests using the information
beginning on page 56.
• If you plan to take the ACT with writing, read the
directions on the first page of the practice ACT writing
test (page 53). These are the same directions that will
appear on your test booklet on test day. Start your
timer, then read the prompt on page 54. After you
understand what the prompt is asking you to do, plan
your essay and then write it on lined paper. (On test
day, your answer document will have lined pages for
you to write your essay.) Score your essay using the
information on pages 61–62.
Once you break the seal on your multiple-choice test
booklet, you cannot request a Test Date Change. If you
do not complete all your tests and want to test again, you
will have to pay the full fee for your test option again. If
you want to take the ACT again, see www.actstudent.org
for your options. Once you begin filling out your answer
document, you cannot change from one test option to
another.
Testing More Than Once
You may not receive scores from more than one test taken
during a scheduled National or International test date. For
example, you may test on Saturday or on an authorized
non-Saturday date or on a rescheduled test date—but
not on more than one of those days. If you are admitted
and allowed to test a second time, we will report only the
scores from the first test. The second set of scores will be
cancelled without refund.
Test Information Release
On certain National test dates, if you test at a National
test center, you may order (for an additional fee) a copy
of the test questions, a copy of your answers, a list of
correct answers, and scoring instructions. This service is
not available for all test dates or for other testing programs
(e.g., International, State and District, Special). If you want to
request and pay for this service, check www.actstudent.org
to see which test dates offer this service.
10
Practice Multiple-Choice Tests
EXAMINEE STATEMENT, CERTIFICATION, AND SIGNATURE
1. Read the following Statement: By opening this test booklet, I agree to comply with and be bound by the Terms and
Conditions: Testing Rules and Policies for the ACT ® provided in the ACT registration materials for this assessment,
including those concerning test security, score cancellation, examinee remedies, arbitration, and consent to the
processing of my personally identifying information, including the collection, use, transfer and disclosure of
information as described in the ACT Privacy Policy (available at www.act.org/privacy.html).
International Examinees: By my signature I am also providing my consent to ACT to transfer my personally
identifying information to the United States to ACT, or a third party service provider for processing, where it will be
subject to use and disclosure under the laws of the United States. I acknowledge and agree that it may also be
accessible to law enforcement and national security authorities in the United States.
I understand that ACT owns the assessment questions and responses and affirm that I will not share any
assessment questions or responses with anyone by any form of communication before, during, or after the
assessment administration. I understand that assuming anyone else’s identity to take this assessment is strictly
prohibited and may violate the law and subject me to legal penalties.
2. Copy the Certification shown below (only the text in italics) on the lines provided. Write in your normal handwriting.
Certification: I agree to the Statement above and certify that I am the person whose name appears on this form.
3. Sign your name as you would any official document and enter today’s date.
Your Signature
Today’s Date
Form 1572CPRE
Directions
This booklet contains tests in English, mathematics,
reading, and science. These tests measure skills and
abilities highly related to high school course work and
success in college. Calculators may be used on the
mathematics test only.
Only responses marked on your answer document will
be scored. Your score on each test will be based only on
the number of questions you answer correctly during the
time allowed for that test. You will not be penalized for
guessing. It is to your advantage to answer every
question even if you must guess.
The questions in each test are numbered, and the
suggested answers for each question are lettered. On the
answer document, the rows of ovals are numbered to
match the questions, and the ovals in each row are lettered
to correspond to the suggested answers.
You may work on each test only when the testing staff
tells you to do so. If you finish a test before time is called
for that test, you should use the time remaining to
reconsider questions you are uncertain about in that test.
You may not look back to a test on which time has already
been called, and you may not go ahead to another test. To
do so will disqualify you from the examination.
For each question, first decide which answer is best.
Next, locate on the answer document the row of ovals
numbered the same as the question. Then, locate the oval
in that row lettered the same as your answer. Finally, fill in
the oval completely. Use a soft lead pencil and make your
marks heavy and black. Do not use ink or a mechanical
pencil.
Lay your pencil down immediately when time is called at
the end of each test. You may not for any reason fill in or
alter ovals for a test after time is called for that test. To do
so will disqualify you from the examination.
Mark only one answer to each question. If you change
your mind about an answer, erase your first mark thoroughly
before marking your new answer. For each question, make
certain that you mark in the row of ovals with the same
number as the question.
PO BOX 168
IOWA CITY, IA 52243-0168
Do not fold or tear the pages of your test booklet.
DO NOT OPEN THIS BOOKLET
UNTIL TOLD TO DO SO.
11
© 2015 by ACT, Inc. All rights reserved.
NOTE: This test material is the confidential copyrighted property of
ACT, Inc., and may not be copied, reproduced, sold, or otherwise
transferred without the prior express written permission of ACT, Inc.
Violators of ACT’s copyrights are subject to civil and criminal penalties.
1
1
ENGLISH TEST
45 Minutes—75 Questions
DIRECTIONS: In the five passages that follow, certain
words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In
the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the
underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the
one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement
appropriate for standard written English, or is worded
most consistently with the style and tone of the passage
as a whole. If you think the original version is best,
choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in
the right-hand column a question about the underlined
part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.
You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions
do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but
rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.
For each question, choose the alternative you consider
best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer
document. Read each passage through once before you
begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For
many of the questions, you must read several sentences
beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure
that you have read far enough ahead each time you
choose an alternative.
PASSAGE I
The Triangular Snowflake
[1]
Snowflakes form from tiny water droplets, following
1
a specific process of chemical bonding as they freeze,
which results in a six-sided figure. The rare “triangular”
snowflake, similarly, confounded scientists for years
2
because it apparently defied the basic laws of chemistry.
[A] The seemingly triangular shape of those snowflakes
suggests that forming through a different process of
3
chemical bonding. [B] By re-creating snowflake formation,
NO CHANGE
form, from tiny, water droplets,
form from tiny, water, droplets
form, from tiny water droplets
2. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
for example,
additionally,
however,
3. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
the manner in which formation
which had formed
that they form
4. F. NO CHANGE
G. the discovery of the cause of this apparent variation
has been made by scientists Kenneth Libbrecht and
Hannah Arnold.
H. scientists Kenneth Libbrecht and Hannah Arnold
have discovered the cause of this apparent variation.
J. the cause of this apparent variation has been discovered by scientists Kenneth Libbrecht and
Hannah Arnold.
a discovery has revealed to scientists Kenneth Libbrecht
4
and Hannah Arnold the cause of this apparent variation.
4
[2]
Snowflakes begin to form when water in the
atmosphere freezes it causes the water molecules
5
to bond into a hexagonal shape. During the flake’s
descent from Earth’s upper atmosphere, other water
vapor molecules bumps into the hexagonal structure.
6
ACT-1572CPRE
1. A.
B.
C.
D.
12
5. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
freezes, causing
freezes, it causes
freezes, this causes
6. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
has bumped
bumped
bump
GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE.
1
1
7. If the writer were to delete the underlined portion
(adjusting the capitalization as needed), the sentence
would primarily lose:
A. an explanation of the process water molecules
undergo to change from liquid to vapor to solid.
B. a detail that mentions a step some water molecules
skip in changing from vapor to solid.
C. a visual description of what water vapor molecules
look like.
D. an explanation of how molecules react to various
air temperatures.
Bypassing the liquid water phase, those molecules
7
condense directly onto the established hexagonal pattern.
As a result, the flake grows outward into bigger and more
complex hexagonal arrangements surrounding the original
hexagonal shape at the center of the flake. [C]
[3]
In 2009, Libbrecht and Arnold’s experiments
revealed that triangular snowflakes begin with the
same process of chemical bonding and forms a hexagonal
8
shape. The triangular shape is an illusion resulting from
one significant addition to the process dust.
[4]
9
Triangular snowflakes begin to form when a tiny
8. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
were they to form
if they formed
form
9. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
process is
process:
process;
dust particle or other such impurity collides with the
flake as it falls, thereby pushing one edge upward. [D]
The downward edge of the snowflake encounters more
wind resistance than the rest of the flake. The greater
the pressure from the wind, causes bonds to form
10
quick at this edge than in the rest of the snowflake.
11
[5]
The resulting snowflake has three long sides and
10. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
pressure from the wind, which
the pressure, as the wind
pressure from the wind
11. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
more quickly
most quickly
quickest
12. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
shape,
shape;
shape:
three sides that are so short they are difficult to detect.
Although these snowflakes appear to have a triangular
shape—they actually have a hexagonal pattern. Such
12
snowflakes offer evidence that even when impurities
13. Which choice most effectively concludes the sentence
and the essay?
A. NO CHANGE
B. scientists can be certain that a solution to even the
most confusing event will be found.
C. snowflakes will still fall if atmospheric conditions
are favorable.
D. snowflakes come in many different shapes and
sizes.
interfere, the basic laws of chemistry still apply.
13
ACT-1572CPRE
13
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1
Questions 14 and 15 ask about the preceding passage as a whole.
15. Suppose the writer’s primary purpose had been to offer
an example of a discovery that changed the way scientists viewed the basic laws of chemistry. Would this
essay accomplish that purpose?
A. Yes, because it describes how the observation of
triangular snowflakes has led scientists to discover
that their understanding of the basic laws of chemistry is flawed.
B. Yes, because it describes how scientists have
applied the knowledge they’ve gained through
studying snowflakes to other areas of chemistry.
C. No, because it focuses on how scientists are struggling to determine how triangular snowflakes are
formed.
D. No, because it explains that triangular snowflakes
appeared to, but don’t actually, violate the basic
laws of chemistry.
14. The writer is considering adding the following sentence to the essay:
This growth can take the form of either
branching (which forms stable, symmetrical
shapes) or faceting (which forms unstable,
complex shapes).
If the writer were to add this sentence, it would most
logically be placed at Point:
F. A in Paragraph 1.
G. B in Paragraph 1.
H. C in Paragraph 2.
J. D in Paragraph 4.
PASSAGE II
Climbing Mt. Fuji
[1]
Bundled up in wool sweaters and thick
coats, and we watched the sun setting on Mt. Fuji
16
in Japan. It was August and our clothes were stifling,
but we would have needed the warmth from our bodies
17
sealed around us as we hiked into the high altitudes.
Three friends and I stepped away from the crowd of
16. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
coats while watching
coats, we watched
coats watching
17. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
would need
will need
need
other hikers and spoke our intention: “Sunset at the
base, sunrise at the top.” [A]
[2]
As we hiked, a patchwork of clouds swept across
the darkening sky, hiding all traces of our surroundings
outside our flashlights’ beams. The trail gradually changed
from compact dirt to a jumble of volcanic rocks. [B]
ACT-1572CPRE
14
GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE.
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1
We tried to steady ourselves with our
walking sticks but slipped and stumbled
because of the jumbled rocks we were slipping on.
18
[3]
Every thousand feet, we came to a small station
18. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
even though we used our walking sticks.
despite any efforts to remain steady.
with each step.
19. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
piling high with
piled high with
piling high on
20. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
sticks, it was proof of
sticks, proof of
sticks proved
21. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
the most part
majority
more
22. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
they formed
there was
we saw
constructed of tin and cement, barely able to block
the wind. At each one, we noted the roof piled high on
19
fallen rocks and felt both unsettled and reassured by this
evidence of the station’s protective ability. We rested
uneasily for a moment as a clerk burned the station brand
into our walking sticks which it was proof of our progress
20
through the darkness.
[4]
As we neared the summit, the whole group of
hikers—thinly spread across the mountain for most of
21
the route—condensed, forming an illuminated line along
22
23. Which choice emphasizes the slowness of the ascent
and supports the idea that the narrator’s group of
friends did not set their own pace?
A. NO CHANGE
B. Able to advance only a few steps at a time,
C. Moving forward with each step,
D. Climbing higher in altitude,
the trail. [C] Our pace slowed. Progressing along the trail,
23
we reached the summit just five minutes before dawn. [D]
In the half-light of the rising sun: we began to make
24
out the dark lines of the cliffs’ at the crater’s edge.
25
ACT-1572CPRE
15
24. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
sun—
sun,
sun;
25. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
cliff’s at the craters’
cliffs at the crater’s
cliffs at the craters
GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE.
1
1
We crouched down on jutting pieces of rock and waited for
the shifting clouds to clear. We waited for the sun. :
26. If the writer were to delete the preceding sentence, the
paragraph would primarily lose:
F. a restatement of an idea that emphasizes the
hikers’ anticipation when they reached the summit.
G. a statement that introduces the idea of waiting,
which is the focus of the following paragraph.
H. an unnecessary detail that contradicts information
presented earlier in the paragraph.
J. a clear image that conveys what the hikers saw
when they reached the summit.
[5]
27. A.
B.
C.
D.
Generally, a sudden gap in the clouds left us blinking
27
NO CHANGE
Furthermore,
Once again,
Finally,
28. Which choice most dramatically emphasizes the
ruggedness of the landscape?
F. NO CHANGE
G. shattered over
H. smothered
J. went over
as the sunlight squelched out the severe landscape of
28
gray volcanic rock. We leaned against each other, spent.
Perhaps there is truth in the old Japanese saying: A wise
man climbs Mt. Fuji, but only a fool climbs it twice.
Questions 29 and 30 ask about the preceding passage as a whole.
29. The writer wants to add the following sentence to the
essay:
We clipped small flashlights onto our coats,
picked up our walking sticks, and started up
the trail with the other hikers as the sun
dipped below the trees.
The sentence would most logically be placed at Point:
A. A in Paragraph 1.
B. B in Paragraph 2.
C. C in Paragraph 4.
D. D in Paragraph 4.
30. Suppose the writer’s primary purpose had been to
describe the experience of doing something difficult.
Would this essay accomplish that purpose?
F. Yes, because it tells about a variety of challenges
the hikers faced along their journey.
G. Yes, because it focuses primarily on the hikers’
need for walking sticks and other tools to make it
up the trail.
H. No, because it focuses on the rewarding nature of
the experience but does not describe the hike as
challenging.
J. No, because it focuses mainly on the beauty of the
surrounding landscape.
PASSAGE III
The Pottery of Mata Ortiz
In the early 1950s, a twelve-year-old
31. A.
B.
C.
D.
boy named, Juan Quezada, gathered firewood
31
in the mountains near the village of Mata Ortiz
in Chihuahua, Mexico. Though he dreamed of
NO CHANGE
boy named Juan Quezada
boy, named Juan Quezada
boy named Juan Quezada,
becoming an artist, Quezada spent all of his free
time selling firewood to help support his family.
ACT-1572CPRE
16
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1
1
In the mountains, Quezada found shards of
32. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined
portion would NOT be acceptable?
F. pots—along with an occasional complete pot—
G. pots, along with an occasional complete pot,
H. pots, (and an occasional complete pot)
J. pots (and an occasional complete pot)
pots, and an occasional complete pot, painted with
32
intricate red and black designs. These were artifacts
from his ancestors, the Paquimé (or Casas Grandes)
Indians, who lived in the area from about AD 1000
to AD 1400. Fascinated by the geometric designs,
33. A.
B.
C.
D.
Quezada wondered, if he could make pots like these?
33
B He dug the clay, soaked it, and tried to shape it
NO CHANGE
wondered if he could make pots like these.
wondered, if he could make pots like these.
wondered if he could make pots like these?
34. Which of the following true statements would provide
the best transition from the preceding paragraph to this
paragraph?
F. The village of Mata Ortiz is only three streets wide
but stretches for a mile between the Casas Grandes
River and the railroad tracks.
G. The patterns on Mata Ortiz pottery that Quezada
admired are based on the techniques of the ancient
Paquimé.
H. Quezada began working with clay from the
mountains.
J. Quezada’s painted designs became increasingly
complex.
into a pot. In time, he figured out how his ancestors had
mixed the clay with volcanic ash to keep it from cracking
and had used minerals found nearby to create paints. When
it was time to paint his pots, Quezada designed his own
complex geometric patterns.
As an adult, Quezada found a job with the
railroad, but he always made time for his art. By 1976
35. A.
B.
C.
D.
he was selling pots to travelers and had taught several
35
members of his family how to make pots. Three of
Quezada’s pots were discovered in a junk shop in
NO CHANGE
a dedication to teaching
a teacher of
has taught
New Mexico by anthropologist Spencer MacCallum,
who at first thought they were prehistoric. D
36. In the preceding sentence, the clause “who at first
thought they were prehistoric” primarily serves to
indicate:
F. how closely Quezada had created his pots within
the Paquimé tradition.
G. that Quezada’s technique as a potter wasn’t very
well developed yet.
H. how strikingly simple Quezada’s pots were in
shape and design.
J. that the style of Quezada’s pots was outmoded.
His search for their creator led him to Mata
37. A.
B.
C.
D.
37
38. Which choice most strongly suggests that Quezada’s
partnership with MacCallum was not formed right
away upon MacCallum’s arrival in Mata Ortiz?
F. NO CHANGE
G. a circumstantial
H. a momentary
J. a timely
Ortiz and an eventual partnership with Quezada.
38
ACT-1572CPRE
NO CHANGE
lead himself
led himself
lead him
17
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1
1
MacCallum showed Quezada’s pots to art dealers in the
United States, the places in which art galleries were soon
39
offering Quezada thousands of dollars for them.
[1] Quezada helped his village with the money he
earned selling pottery, but he wanted to do more so. [2] So
40
he taught people from Mata Ortiz to make pots. [3] Today
there are more than four hundred potters around, all of
41
which make their pots by hand, following the traditions
42
of the Paquimé Indians. [4] The village is thriving, and
many museums proudly display the pottery of Mata Ortiz.
[5] Each artist brought something unique to they’re
43
creations. L
39. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
and it would happen there that
where
DELETE the underlined portion.
40. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
more then that.
more of them.
more.
41. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
people creating art now,
potters in Mata Ortiz,
DELETE the underlined portion and place a
comma after the word hundred.
42. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
whom
them
who
43. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
his or herselves
hers or his
his or her
44. For the sake of the logic and coherence of this paragraph, Sentence 5 should be placed:
F. where it is now.
G. before Sentence 1.
H. after Sentence 1.
J. after Sentence 2.
Question 45 asks about the preceding passage
as a whole.
45. Suppose the writer’s primary purpose had been to write
an essay summarizing the history of pottery making in
Mexico. Would this essay accomplish that purpose?
A. Yes, because it discusses ancient pottery shards
and complete pots from the Paquimé Indians and
compares that pottery to modern designs.
B. Yes, because it demonstrates the quality of the
ancient pottery of the Mata Ortiz area.
C. No, because it focuses instead on how one artist
based his creations on ancient pottery techniques
and shared those techniques with other artists.
D. No, because it focuses instead on describing the
Casas Grandes culture in ancient Mexico.
ACT-1572CPRE
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1
1
PASSAGE IV
Beaux Arts Architecture in the Spotlight
On West 45th Street in New York City, wedged
between buildings more than twice it’s height, stands
46
the Lyceum Theatre. Tourists and New Yorkers
alike regularly filling this theater to its 900-seat
47
capacity. Most are there to attend a performance;
a few, for example, are likely to be architecture buffs
48
they come to admire the stunning building itself. Built in
49
1903, the theater exemplifies the Beaux Arts architectural
style, which fuses elements of classical Greek and Roman
46. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
they’re
their
its
47. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
alike, regularly filling
alike, regularly fill
alike regularly fill
48. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
consequently,
however,
in fact,
49. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
there to
whom
they
50. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
frieze; into which are carved
frieze. Into which are carved
frieze, carved into it are
design with Renaissance and Baroque details.
The Beaux Arts revival of classical Greek and Roman
architecture is apparent on first view of the theater. The
Lyceum’s facade—the exterior front, or “face,” of the
building—features half a dozen Corinthian columns.
Above the columns extends a horizontal stone band
called a frieze; carved into it are the classical theatrical
50
masks that represent comedy and tragedy. S
ACT-1572CPRE
51. The writer is considering adding the following
sentence:
Masks figured prominently in classical Greek
theater performances, in part due to the fact
that one actor would usually play several
characters.
Should the writer make this addition here?
A. Yes, because it connects the paragraph’s point
about theatrical masks to the larger subject of classical Greek theater.
B. Yes, because it explains the masks’ significance to
classical Greek theater and architecture.
C. No, because it only addresses classical Greek
theater and doesn’t include information about
Roman theater.
D. No, because it deviates from the paragraph’s focus
on the Lyceum Theatre’s architecture.
19
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1
1
Demonstrating the Beaux Arts infusion of
Renaissance and Baroque details, tall, arched French
windows, symmetrically placed between the columns,
lighten the imposing gray limestone structure. [A]
Above the windows and frieze, an exterior balcony spans
the width of the gray building. [B] The balcony is fenced
52
with a balustrade, a stone railing supported by a row
53
of waist-high, vase-shaped pillars. [C] The ornate
interior of the building is consistent with its elaborate
52. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
gray limestone
limestone
DELETE the underlined portion.
53. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
balustrade. Which is
balustrade. It being
balustrade, this is
54. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
elegantly chandelier illuminates
elegantly chandelier illuminate
elegant chandeliers illuminates
exterior. [D] Not just one but two marble-finished
grand staircases lead from the foyer to the midlevel
seating area, called the mezzanine. Inside the theater
itself, elegant chandeliers illuminate rose-colored walls
54
55. Which choice maintains the essay’s positive tone and
most strongly mimics the elaborate style of decor
being described at this point in the essay?
A. NO CHANGE
B. embellished with myriad gold accents.
C. marred with gaudy accents of gold.
D. accented with gold.
that have gold accents. In keeping with sumptuous
55
Beaux Arts style, curved rows of plush purple chairs
embrace the stage. X Y
56. If the writer were to delete the preceding sentence, the
essay would primarily lose details that:
F. illustrate one of the Lyceum Theatre’s features that
deviates from Beaux Arts architecture.
G. contribute to the description of the Lyceum
Theatre’s elaborate interior.
H. support the essay’s claim that Beaux Arts architecture was most popular in the twentieth century.
J. clarify an unfamiliar architectural term used in the
essay.
57. The writer wants to divide this paragraph into two in
order to separate details about the building’s outdoor
features from details about its indoor features. The best
place to begin the new paragraph would be at Point:
A. A.
B. B.
C. C.
D. D.
ACT-1572CPRE
20
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1
Patrons credit the handsome Beaux Arts aesthetic
58
with adding enhancement to their theatergoing experience.
59
Though smaller and more cramped than many newer
theaters—audience members often note that legroom is
58. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
In the same manner, patrons
On one hand, patrons
For instance, patrons
59. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
adding enhancement to the experience of
adding to the experience of
enhancing
1
Question 60 asks about the preceding passage
as a whole.
limited—the Lyceum’s distinctive atmosphere continues
to delight theater fans as well as architecture enthusiasts.
60. Suppose the writer’s primary purpose had been to
explain how a building illustrates a particular architectural style. Would this essay accomplish that purpose?
F. Yes, because it describes the architectural styles of
several New York theater buildings.
G. Yes, because it enumerates a number of the
Lyceum Theatre’s Beaux Arts features.
H. No, because it focuses more specifically on the set
design for the Lyceum Theatre’s productions.
J. No, because it focuses on more than one architectural style.
PASSAGE V
Mother Jones: True to the Spirit of Her Cause
The autobiography by Mary Harris Jones is riddled
with factual inaccurate. Jones even fudges her date of
61
birth, she falsely lists May 1, International Workers’
62
Day, and ages herself by nearly a decade. These
untruths—whether deliberate exaggerations or
slips of the memory—ultimately matters very
63
little, for the autobiography isn’t about the life of
64
NO CHANGE
factually inaccuracies.
factual inaccuracies.
factually inaccurate.
62. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
birth: she falsely lists
birth; falsely listing
birth, falsely listing:
63. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
has mattered
had mattered
matter
64. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
little. For
little; for
little,
65. Given that all the choices are true, which one provides
the best transition into the rest of the essay?
A. NO CHANGE
B. Born in Cork, Ireland, in 1837, Jones immigrated
to the United States in the mid-1800s.
C. Rather, it’s the story of her public persona, the radical labor activist “Mother Jones.”
D. Instead, this essay will show you why Jones’s role
in history is so important.
Mary Harris Jones. Jones became famous for her work.
65
ACT-1572CPRE
61. A.
B.
C.
D.
21
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1
1
When Mary Harris Jones got involved
in labor politics in the 1860s, it was rare for
a woman to attend, let alone address, union
meetings. Jones, however, became one of the
66. F. NO CHANGE
G. movement’s most powerful and controversial
advocates’.
H. movement’s most powerful and controversial
advocates.
J. movements most powerful and controversial
advocates.
movement’s most powerful and controversial advocate’s.
66
She traveled the United States, from the coal mines of
Appalachia to the railroad yards of the West, rallying
workers to join unions and fight for better working
conditions. Specifically, Jones helped organize efforts
to ensure that employers complied with laws governing
workday hours and child labor.
The moniker “Mother Jones” was conferred on Jones
67. A.
B.
C.
D.
by members of the American Railway Union. She herself,
67
adopted the name and, subsequently, a corresponding
public persona. Her audiences came to expect “Mother
NO CHANGE
She, herself,
She, herself
She herself
Jones.” d By 1900, the white-haired, calico-frocked
68. At this point, the writer is considering adding the following true statement:
To meet their expectations, Jones crafted her
speech, dress, and mannerisms based on cultural notions of motherhood.
Should the writer make this addition here?
F. Yes, because it highlights the contrast between
Jones’s personal style and her audiences’.
G. Yes, because it adds details about what types of
changes Jones made to create her public persona.
H. No, because it detracts from the focus of the paragraph by introducing unrelated details.
J. No, because it doesn’t indicate the effect Jones’s
public persona had on audiences.
figure was no longer known as Mary Harris Jones,
69. A.
B.
C.
D.
69
the media, union leaders and workers, and even U.S.
presidents referred to her as Mother Jones.
NO CHANGE
Jones, in fact,
Jones in fact
Jones;
Embracing the very role used to confine
women to the domestic sphere, Jones subversively
redefined the boundaries of home and family.
ACT-1572CPRE
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1
1
70. If the writer were to delete the underlined portion, the
paragraph would primarily lose a quotation that:
F. questions the distinction between Mary Harris
Jones and her public persona, Mother Jones.
G. reinforces the essay’s characterization of Mother
Jones as a happy-go-lucky vagabond.
H. reiterates the point that Jones enjoyed the travel
opportunities her work provided.
J. provides support for the claim that Jones redefined
the boundaries of home.
“My address is like my shoes,” she said. “It travels with
70
me wherever I go.” She was the matriarch who staunchly
70
protected workers. g
71. In the preceding sentence, the writer is considering
replacing “workers” with “her family of workers.”
Should the writer make this revision?
A. Yes, because it completes the metaphor comparing
Jones to the head of a family.
B. Yes, because it makes clear that Jones cared most
about workers who were family relatives.
C. No, because it unnecessarily repeats information
established earlier in the essay.
D. No, because it introduces an unrelated comparison
between workers and family.
And protect them she did: When workers
72
went on strike, Jones secured food donations and
temporary living arrangements. Where companies
72. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
protections, to name a few, included:
she defined protection as:
she did this by:
73. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
Because of
Without
Despite
74. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
they’re behalves,
their behalf,
their behalve’s,
prevented the formation of unions, she fought for
workers’ right to organize. Instead of these tireless
73
efforts on there behalf, workers trusted Mother Jones
74
and, by extension, the labor unions she represented.
Question 75 asks about the preceding passage
as a whole.
75. Suppose the writer’s goal had been to summarize
women’s contributions to early-twentieth-century labor
law reform. Would this essay accomplish that goal?
A. Yes, because it shows that Mother Jones was a
well-known and respected labor agitator.
B. Yes, because it introduces a prominent figure in
labor history.
C. No, because it focuses more specifically on labor
law reform in the nineteenth century.
D. No, because it focuses more specifically on one
figure in the labor movement.
END OF TEST 1
STOP! DO NOT TURN THE PAGE UNTIL TOLD TO DO SO.
ACT-1572CPRE
23
2
2
MATHEMATICS TEST
60 Minutes—60 Questions
DIRECTIONS: Solve each problem, choose the correct
answer, and then fill in the corresponding oval on your
answer document.
but some of the problems may best be done without
using a calculator.
Note: Unless otherwise stated, all of the following should
be assumed.
Do not linger over problems that take too much time.
Solve as many as you can; then return to the others in
the time you have left for this test.
1.
2.
3.
4.
You are permitted to use a calculator on this test. You
may use your calculator for any problems you choose,
3. On a particular road map, _1_ inch represents 18 miles.
number of people
1. The blood types of 150 people were determined for a
study as shown in the figure below.
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
62
Illustrative figures are NOT necessarily drawn to scale.
Geometric figures lie in a plane.
The word line indicates a straight line.
The word average indicates arithmetic mean.
2
About how many miles apart are 2 towns that are
67
2 _12_ inches apart on this map?
A. 18
B. 22 _12_
15
O
B
A
blood type
C. 36
6
D. 45
AB
E. 90
If 1 person from this study is randomly selected, what
is the probability that this person has either Type A or
Type AB blood?
4. Given f = cd 3, f = 450, and d = 10, what is c ?
F. 000.45
G. 004.5
H. 015
J. 045
K. 150
62_
A. ___
150
66_
B. ___
150
68_
C. ___
150
5. If f (x) = (3x + 7)2, then f (1) = ?
A. 010
B. 016
C. 058
D. 079
E. 100
73_
D. ___
150
84_
E. ___
150
6. Jorge’s current hourly wage for working at
Denti Smiles is $12.00. Jorge was told that at the
beginning of next month, his new hourly wage will be
an increase of 6% of his current hourly wage. What
will be Jorge’s new hourly wage?
F. $12.06
G. $12.60
H. $12.72
J. $18.00
K. $19.20
2. The monthly fees for single rooms at 5 colleges are
$370, $310, $380, $340, and $310, respectively. What
is the mean of these monthly fees?
F. $310
G. $340
H. $342
J. $350
K. $380
ACT-1572CPRE
24
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2
2
7. The first term is 1 in the geometric sequence
1, −3, 9, −27, …. What is the SEVENTH term of the
geometric sequence?
A. −243
B. 0−30
C. 081
D. 189
E. 729
11. Students studying motion observed a cart rolling at a
constant rate along a straight line. The table below
gives the distance, d feet, the cart was from a reference
point at 1-second intervals from t = 0 seconds to
t = 5 seconds.
8. The shipping rate for customers of Ship Quick consists
of a fee per box and a price per pound for each box.
The table below gives the fee and the price per pound
for customers shipping boxes of various weights.
Which of the following equations represents this
relationship between d and t ?
A. d = 00t + 14
B. d = 06t + 08
C. d = 06t + 14
D. d = 14t + 06
E. d = 34t
Weight of box
(pounds)
Fee
Price per pound
Less than 10
10−25
More than 25
$05.00
$10.00
$20.00
$1.00
$0.65
$0.30
t
00
01
02
03
04
05
d
14
20
26
32
38
44
12. The length of a rectangle with area 54 square
centimeters is 9 centimeters. What is the perimeter of
the rectangle, in centimeters?
F. 06
G. 12
H. 15
J. 24
K. 30
___
13. In
___the figure below, C is the intersection of AD and
BE . If it can be determined, what is the measure of
∠BAC ?
D
Gregg wants Ship Quick to ship 1 box that weighs
15 pounds. What is the shipping rate for this box?
F. $09.75
G. $16.50
H. $19.75
J. $20.00
K. $24.50
9. A computer chip 0.32 cm thick is made up of layers of
silicon. If the top and bottom layers are each 0.03 cm
thick and the inner layers are each 0.02 cm thick, how
many inner layers are there?
} 0.32 cm
B
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13
15
16
52
64
F.
G.
H.
J.
K.
13
16
19
20.5
23.5
ACT-1572CPRE
35°
C
E
080°
100°
A
110°
115°
Cannot be determined from the given information
14. Antwan drew the circle graph below describing his
time spent at school in 1 day. His teacher said that the
numbers of hours listed were correct, but that the
central angle measures for the sectors were not correct.
What should be the central angle measure for the Core
subjects sector?
10. The table below shows the number of cars Jing sold
each month last year. What is the median of the data in
the table?
Month
Number of cars sold
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
45°
35°
Core
subjects
4 hours
25
15
22
19
16
13
19
25
26
27
28
29
F.
G.
H.
J.
K.
25
072°
080°
160°
200°
288°
Electives
3 hours
Lunch
and
passing time
1 hour
Choir
1 hour
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2
2
___ ____
20. For trapezoid ABCD shown below, AB i DC , the
measures of the interior angles are distinct, and the
measure of ∠D is x°. What is the degree measure of
∠A in terms of x ?
A
B
F. (180 − x)°
G. (180 − 0.5x)°
H. (180 + 0.5x)°
x°
J. (180 + x)°
K. x°
D
C
15. This month, Kami sold 70 figurines in 2 sizes. The
large figurines sold for $12 each, and the small
figurines sold for $8 each. The amount of money he
received from the sales of the large figurines was equal
to the amount of money he received from the sales of
the small figurines. How many large figurines did
Kami sell this month?
A. 20
B. 28
C. 35
D. 42
E. 50
21. To get a driver’s license, an applicant must pass a
written test and a driving test. Past records show that
80% of the applicants pass the written test and 60% of
those who have passed the written test pass the driving
test. Based on these figures, how many applicants in a
random group of 1,000 applicants would you expect to
get driver’s licenses?
A. 200
B. 480
C. 600
D. 750
E. 800
16. A car accelerated from 88 feet per second (fps) to
220 fps in exactly 3 seconds. Assuming the acceleration
was constant, what was the car’s acceleration, in feet
per second per second, from 88 fps to 220 fps ?
F.
1_
00 __
44
G. 029 _13_
H. 044
J.
075 _13_
K. 102 _23_
22. If a, b, and c are positive integers such that ab = x and
cb = y, then xy = ?
↔
↔
17. In a plane, the distinct lines AB and CD intersect at A,
where A is between C and D. The measure of ∠BAC is
47°. What is the measure of ∠BAD ?
A. 043°
B. 047°
C. 094°
D. 133°
E. 137°
F.
G.
H.
J.
K.
18. In which of the following are _1_ , _5_ , and _5_ arranged in
ascending order?
_1_
2
_
G. 5_
6
_
H. 5_
6
_
J. 5_
8
_
K. 5_
8
F.
2
6
23. Which of the following expressions is equivalent to
8
_1_ y2(6x + 2y + 12x − 2y) ?
2
< _5_ < _5_
<
<
<
<
8
_1_
2
_5_
8
_1_
2
_5_
6
<
<
<
<
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6
_5_
8
_1_
2
_5_
6
_1_
2
1.37 × 10−9
1.37 × 107
1.37 × 108
1.37 × 109
137 × 1015
ACT-1572CPRE
09xy2
18xy
03xy2 + 12x
09xy2 − 2y3
03xy2 + 12x − y3 − 2y
24. An artist makes a profit of (500p − p 2 ) dollars from
selling p paintings. What is the fewest number of
paintings the artist can sell to make a profit of at least
$60,000 ?
F. 100
G. 150
H. 200
J. 300
K. 600
19. In scientific notation, 670,000,000 + 700,000,000 = ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
acb
ac2b
(ac)b
(ac)2b
2
(ac)b
26
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2
2
29. What is the product of the complex numbers (−3i + 4)
and (3i + 4) ?
A. 01
B. 07
C. 25
D. −7 + 24i
E. 07 + 24i
25. Last month, Lucie had total expenditures of $900. The
pie chart below breaks down these expenditures by
category. The category in which Lucie’s expenditures
were greatest is what percent of her total expenditures,
to the nearest 1% ?
clothes
gas
$254
$120
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24%
28%
32%
34%
39%
$182
food
$125
insurance
30. The radius of the base of the right circular cone shown
below is 5 inches, and the height of the cone is
7 inches. Solving which of the following equations
gives the measure, θ, of the angle formed by a slant
height of the cone and a radius?
$219
entertainment
F.
H. sin, θ = _5_
7
J.
0(x − 70)°
0(70 − x)°
0(70 + x)°
(160 − x)°
(160 + x)°
sin, θ = _7_
5
7
θ
5
K. cos,θ = _7_
5
D
A
31. To make a 750-piece jigsaw puzzle more challenging, a
puzzle company includes 5 extra pieces in the box
along with the 750 pieces, and those 5 extra pieces do
not fit anywhere in the puzzle. If you buy such a puzzle
box, break the seal on the box, and immediately select
1 piece at random, what is the probability that it will
be 1 of the extra pieces?
27. What is the perimeter, in inches, of the isosceles right
triangle shown below, whose hypotenuse is 8å2 inches
long?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7
G. tan, θ = _7_
5
26. In the figure shown below, the measure of ∠BAC is
(x + 20)° and the measure of ∠BAD is 90°. What is the
measure of ∠CAD ?
B
C
F.
G.
H.
J.
K.
tan, θ = _5_
08
08 + 08å2
08 + 16å2
16
16 + 08å2
A.
_1_
5
1_
B. ___
755
1_
C. ___
750
5_
D. ___
2
28. The equation y = ax + bx + c is graphed in the
standard (x,y) coordinate plane below for real values of
a, b, and c. When y = 0, which of the following best
describes the solutions for x ?
y
755
5_
E. ___
750
32. What fraction lies exactly halfway between _2_ and _3_ ?
3
O
F.
G.
H.
J.
K.
x
_3_
5
G.
_5_
6
7_
H. __
12
2 distinct positive real solutions
2 distinct negative real solutions
1 positive real solution and 1 negative real solution
2 real solutions that are not distinct
2 distinct solutions that are not real
ACT-1572CPRE
F.
4
J.
9_
__
16
17_
K. __
24
27
GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE.
2
2
36. Which of the following is the graph of the region
1 < x + y < 2 in the standard (x,y) coordinate plane?
y
y
J.
F.
Use the following information to answer
questions 33–35.
Gianna is converting a 12-foot-by-15-foot room in her
house to a craft room. Gianna will install tile herself but
will have CC Installations build and install the cabinets.
The scale drawing shown below displays the location of the
cabinets in the craft room (0.25 inch represents 2 feet).
−2
2
1
−1
2
1
x
1
2
x
2
x
2 ft deep
window
cabinets
cabinets
y
G.
−2
12 ft wall
2
2
1
−1
x
−1
−1
y
H.
door
y
K.
15 ft wall
Cabinets will be installed along one of the 12-foot walls
from floor to ceiling, and 4 cabinets that are each 3 feet tall
will be installed in the middle of the room. These are the
only cabinets that will be installed, and each of them will
be 2 feet wide and 2 feet deep. CC Installations has given
Gianna an estimate of $2,150.00 for building and installing
the cabinets.
−1
−2
2
x
37. What is the difference between the mean and the
median of the set {3, 8, 10, 15} ?
A. 00
B. 01
C. 04
D. 09
E. 12
33. A 15-foot wall is how many inches long in the scale
drawing?
A. 1.5
B. 1.875
C. 3
D. 3.375
E. 3.75
38. Which of the following describes a true relationship
34. Gianna will install tile on the portion of the floor that
will NOT be covered by cabinets. What is the area, in
square feet, of the portion of the floor that will NOT be
covered by cabinets?
F. 072
G. 090
H. 140
J. 156
K. 164
between
the
functions
f (x) = (x − 3) 2 + 2
and
g(x) = _1_ x + 1 graphed below in the standard (x,y)
2
coordinate plane?
y
35. CC Installations’ estimate consists of a $650.00 charge
for labor, plus a fixed charge per cabinet. The labor
charge and the charge per cabinet remain the same
for any number of cabinets built and installed.
CC Installations would give Gianna what estimate if
the craft room were to have twice as many cabinets as
Gianna is planning to have?
A. $2,800.00
B. $3,000.00
C. $3,450.00
D. $3,650.00
E. $4,300.00
ACT-1572CPRE
1
O
F.
G.
H.
J.
K.
28
x
f (x) = g(x) for exactly 2 values of x
f (x) = g(x) for exactly 1 value of x
f (x) < g(x) for all x
f (x) > g(x) for all x
f (x) is the inverse of g(x)
GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE.
2
2
43. A formula to estimate the monthly payment, p dollars,
on a short-term loan is
Use the following information to answer
questions 39–41.
_1_ ary + a
2
_
p = ________
12y
Trapezoid ABCD is graphed in the standard (x,y) coordinate
plane below.
where a dollars is the amount of the loan, r is the
annual interest rate expressed as a decimal, and y years
is the length of the loan. When a is multiplied by 2,
what is the effect on p ?
A. pis divided by 6
B. pis divided by 2
C. pdoes not change
D. pis multiplied by 2
E. pis multiplied by 4
y
B(3,4)
A(2,1)
O
C(9,4)
D(12,1)
x
A. −3
44. The points E(6,4) and F(14,12) lie in the standard (x,y)
___
coordinate plane shown below. Point D___lies on EF
between E and
F such that the length of EF is 4 times
___
the length of DE . What are the coordinates of D ?
y
B. −1
F(14,12)
___
39. What is the slope of CD ?
C.
1
5_
D. __
E.
F.
G.
H.
J.
K.
21
_3_
2
40. When ABCD is reflected over the y-axis to A′B′C′D′,
what are the coordinates of D′ ?
F. (−12,0 1)
G. (−12,0−1)
H. ( 12,0−1)
J. ( 01, 12)
K. ( 01,−12)
(07,05)
(08,06)
(08,08)
(10,08)
(12,10)
E(6,4)
x
O
3 4 3
4
45. Given that a 21 64 = xy 27
z for some real number a,
what is x + z ?
A.
B.
41. Which of the following vertical lines cuts ABCD into
2 trapezoids with equal areas?
A. x = 2.5
B. x = 3.5
C. x = 4.5
D. x = 5.5
E. x = 6.5
_4_
3
27_
__
2
C. 26
D. 27
E. 48
46. A container is _1_ full of water. After 10 cups of water
8
are added, the container is _3_ full. What is the volume
4
1 1 22 ?
42. Given f (x) = x − _1_ and g(x) = _1_ , what is f g _1_
x
x
2
F.
of the container, in cups?
−3
F.
G. − _3_
2
_
H. − 2_
3
13 _13_
G. 13 _12_
H. 15
J.
0
J.
K.
_3_
2
K. 40
ACT-1572CPRE
29
16
GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE.
2
2
47. Only tenth-, eleventh-, and twelfth-grade students
attend Washington High School. The ratio of tenth
graders to the school’s total student population is
86:255, and the ratio of eleventh graders to the
school’s total student population is 18:51. If 1 student
is chosen at random from the entire school, which
grade is that student most likely to be in?
A. Tenth
B. Eleventh
C. Twelfth
D. All grades are equally likely.
E. Cannot be determined from the given information
50. You can find the volume of an irregularly shaped solid
object by completely submerging it in water and
calculating the volume of water the object displaces.
You completely submerge a solid object in a
rectangular tank that has a base 40 centimeters by
30 centimeters and is filled with water to a depth of
20 centimeters. The object sinks to the bottom, and the
water level goes up 0.25 centimeters. What is the
volume, in cubic centimeters, of the object?
F. 300
G. 240
H. 200
J. 150
K. 075
4 _ ___
48. ___
+ 2_ = ?
å2
51. If x:y = 5:2 and y:z = 3:2, what is the ratio of x:z ?
A. 03:1
B. 03:5
C. 05:3
D. 08:4
E. 15:4
å3
4å3 + 2å2_
F. ___________
å5
4å3 + 2å2_
G. ___________
å6
6
H. _________
J.
52. Which of the following is the solution statement for
the inequality shown below?
−5 < 1 − 3x < 10
F. −5 < x < 10
G. −3 < x
H. −3 < x < 2
J. −2 < x < 3
K. x < −3 or x > 2
å2 + å3
6_
___
å5
8_
K. ___
å6
49. The shaded region in the graph below represents the
solution set to which of the following systems of
inequalities?
y
y=
53. A formula for the surface area (A) of the rectangular
solid shown below is A = 2lw + 2lh + 2wh where l
represents length; w, width; and h, height. By doubling
each of the dimensions (l, w, and h), the surface area
will be multiplied by what factor?
−x
(x − 1)2 + (y − 2)2 = 9
+
2
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
x
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5 (xy <−−x1) ++2( y − 2)
5 (xy >−−x1) ++2( y − 2)
5 (xy >−−x1) ++2( y − 2)
5 (xy <−−x1) ++2( y − 2)
5 (( xy −− 2)1) <> 33
ACT-1572CPRE
2
2
2
2
<9
2
2
>9
2
2
>9
02
04
06
08
12
h
l
w
54. A dog eats 7 cans of food in 3 days. At this rate, how
many cans of food does the dog eat in 3 + d days?
<9
_7_ + d
3
d
G. _7_ + __
3
3
7_ __
7_
_
H.
+
3
3d
d
J. 7 + __
3
7d_
__
K. 7 +
3
F.
30
GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE.
2
2
55. Kelly asked 120 students questions about skiing. The
results of the poll are shown in the table below.
58. Which of the following number line graphs shows the
solution set to the inequality ⎪x − 5⎪ < −1 ?
Yes
No
F.
1. Have you skied either cross-country
or downhill?
65
55
G.
2. If you answered Yes to Question 1,
did you ski downhill?
28
3. If you answered Yes to Question 1,
did you ski cross-country?
45
Question
A
B
C
x
4
6
x
4
6
x
x
59. As part of a probability experiment, Elliott is to answer
4 multiple-choice questions. For each question, there
are 3 possible answers, only 1 of which is correct. If
Elliott randomly and independently answers each
question, what is the probability that he will answer
the 4 questions correctly?
27_
A. __
B.
C.
D.
E.
81
12_
__
81
4_
__
81
3_
__
81
1_
__
81
60. The sides of an acute triangle measure 14 cm, 18 cm,
and 20 cm, respectively. Which of the following
equations, when solved for θ, gives the measure of the
smallest angle of the triangle?
D
(Note: For any triangle with sides of length a, b, and c
57. The functions y = sin,x and y = sin(x + a) + b, for
constants a and b, are graphed in the standard (x,y)
coordinate plane below. The functions have the same
maximum value. One of the following statements
about the values of a and b is true. Which statement is
it?
y
O
6
6
4
(empty set)
C
B
4
K.
B
A
x
J.
20
56. The square below is divided into 3 rows of equal area.
In the top row, the region labeled A has the same area
as the region labeled B. In the middle row, the 3 regions
have equal areas. In the bottom row, the 4 regions have
equal areas. What fraction of the square’s area is in a
region labeled A ?
A
6
H.
37
After completing the poll, Kelly wondered how many
of the students polled had skied both cross-country and
downhill. How many of the students polled indicated
that they had skied both cross-country and downhill?
A. 73
B. 65
C. 47
D. 18
E. 08
F. _1_
9
_
G. 3_
9
H. _6_
9
13_
__
J.
12
13_
K. __
36
4
that are opposite angles A, B, and C, respectively,
sin,A
sin,B
sin,C
_____
= _____
= _____
and c2 = a2 + b2 − 2ab cos,C.)
a
b
c
sin,θ_
1_
____
= __
14
18
sin,θ_
1_
G. ____
= __
14
20
sin,θ_
1_
H. ____
= __
20
14
F.
x
J.
142 = 182 + 202 − 2(18)(20)cos,θ
K. 202 = 142 + 182 − 2(14)(18)cos,θ
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
a < 0 and b = 0
a < 0 and b > 0
a = 0 and b > 0
a > 0 and b < 0
a > 0 and b > 0
ACT-1572CPRE
END OF TEST 2
STOP! DO NOT TURN THE PAGE UNTIL TOLD TO DO SO.
DO NOT RETURN TO THE PREVIOUS TEST.
31
3
3
READING TEST
35 Minutes—40 Questions
DIRECTIONS: There are several passages in this test.
Each passage is accompanied by several questions.
After reading a passage, choose the best answer to each
question and fill in the corresponding oval on your
answer document. You may refer to the passages as
often as necessary.
Passage I
PROSE FICTION: This passage is adapted from the novel The
Ground Beneath Her Feet by Salman Rushdie (©1999 by
Salman Rushdie).
45
Art Deco is an architectural and decorative style that was popular in the first half of the twentieth century.
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
When you grow up, as I did, in a great city, during
what just happens to be its golden age, you think of it
as eternal. Always was there, always will be. The
grandeur of the metropolis creates the illusion of permanence. The peninsular Bombay into which I was
born certainly seemed perennial to me. Malabar and
Cumballa hills were our Capitol and Palatine, the
Brabourne Stadium was our Colosseum, and as for the
glittering Art Deco sweep of Marine Drive, well, that
was something not even Rome could boast. I actually
grew up believing Art Deco to be the “Bombay style,” a
local invention, its name derived, in all probability,
from the imperative of the verb “to see.” Art dekho. Lo
and behold art. (When I began to be familiar with
images of New York, I at first felt a sort of anger. The
Americans had so much; did they have to possess our
“style” as well? But in another, more secret part of my
heart, the Art Deco of Manhattan, built on a scale so
much grander than our own, only increased America’s
allure, made it both familiar and awe-inspiring, our
little Bombay writ large.)
50
55
60
65
In reality that Bombay was almost brand-new
when I knew it; what’s more, my parents’ construction
firm of Merchant & Merchant had been prominent in its
making. In the ten years before my own coming into the
world, the city had been a gigantic building site; as if it
were in a hurry to become, as if it knew it had to provide itself in finished condition by the time I was able
to start paying attention to it . . . No, no, I don’t really
think along such solipsistic lines. I’m not over-attached
to history, or Bombay. Me, I’m the under-attached type.
70
But let me confess that, even as a child, I was
insanely jealous of the city in which I was raised,
because it was my parents’ other love. They loved each
other (good), they loved me (very good), and they
loved her (not so good). Bombay was my rival. It was
on account of their romance with the city that they
drew up that weekly rota (list) of shared parental
responsibilities. When my mother wasn’t with me—
when I was riding on my father’s shoulders, or staring,
80
ACT-1572CPRE
75
85
32
with him, at the fish in the Taraporewala Aquarium—
she was out there with her, with Bombay; out there
bringing her into being. (For of course construction
work never stops completely, and supervising such
work was Ameer’s particular genius. My mother the
master builder. Like her father before her.) And when
my father handed me over to her, he went off, wearing
his local-history hat and a khaki jacket full of pockets,
to dig in the foundations of building sites for the secrets
of the city’s past, or else sat hatless and coatless at a
designing board and dreamed his lo-and-behold dreams.
Maps of the early town afforded my father great
joy, and his collection of old photographs of the edifices and objets of the vanished city was second to
none. In these faded images were resurrected the
demolished Fort, the “breakfast bazaar” market outside
the Teen Darvaza or Bazaargate, and the humble mutton
shops and umbrella hospitals of the poor, as well as the
fallen palaces of the great. The early city’s relics filled
his imagination as well as his photo albums. It was
from my father that I learned of Bombay’s first great
photographers, Raja Deen Dayal and A. R. Haseler,
whose portraits of the city became my first artistic
influences, if only by showing me what I did not want
to do. Dayal climbed the Rajabai tower to create his
sweeping panoramas of the birth of the city; Haseler
went one better and took to the air. Their images were
awe-inspiring, unforgettable, but they also inspired in
me a desperate need to get back down to ground level.
From the heights you see only pinnacles. I yearned for
the city streets, the knife grinders, the water carriers,
the pavement moneylenders, the peremptory soldiers,
the railway hordes, the chess players in the Irani restaurants, the snake-buckled schoolchildren, the beggars,
the fishermen, the moviemakers, the dockers, the book
sewers, the loom operators, the priests. I yearned for
life.
When I said this to my father he showed me
photos, still lives of storefronts and piers, and told me I
was too young to understand. “See where people lived
and worked and shopped,” he clarified, with a rare flash
of irritation, “and it becomes plain what they were
like.” For all his digging, Vivvy Merchant was content
with the surfaces of his world. I, his photographer son,
set out to prove him wrong, to show that a camera can
see beyond the surface, beyond the trappings of the
actual, and penetrate to its flesh and heart.
GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE.
3
3
1. The passage as a whole can primarily be characterized
as the narrator’s:
A. explanation of the relationship the narrator and his
parents had with the city of Bombay.
B. description of important buildings and locations in
Bombay.
C. argument for Bombay’s prominence in the world
of architecture.
D. concerns about the emotional environment in
which the narrator was raised.
6. As it is used in line 9, the word sweep most nearly
means:
F. overwhelming victory.
G. wide-ranging search.
H. complete removal.
J. broad area.
7. In the context of the passage, the primary function of
lines 6–10 is to:
A. compare architectural landmarks in Bombay to
those elsewhere.
B. help illustrate how the term “art deco” was
derived.
C. contradict the idea that Bombay was in its golden
age when the narrator was a child.
D. provide examples of “Bombay style” architecture
in Rome.
2. The narrator describes the photos by Bombay’s first
great photographers as primarily inspiring the narrator
to:
F. turn away from a career in photography.
G. create grand panoramas of the new Bombay.
H. produce images that his father would add to his
collection.
J. photograph subjects that depict everyday life on
Bombay’s streets.
8. The narrator as a child viewed the work his parents did
for Merchant & Merchant with a strong sense of:
F. joy; the work provided the family with enough
money to live extravagant lives.
G. fear; the narrator knew his parents were often so
exhausted they were careless about safety.
H. jealousy; the work pulled the narrator’s parents
away from him and directed their attention to the
city.
J. respect; his parents were known for their quality
workmanship throughout the city.
3. In lines 25–31, the narrator muses over, then rejects,
the notion that:
A. Merchant & Merchant played an important role in
the building of Bombay.
B. he started paying attention to Bombay at a young
age.
C. his anticipated birth was one of the causes of the
rush to finish the building of Bombay.
D. Bombay had been a gigantic building site in the
years before he was born.
4. In lines 32–43, the narrator uses which of the following literary devices to describe Bombay?
F. Alliteration
G. Allusion
H. Personification
J. Simile
9. As it is used in line 38, the phrase drew up most nearly
means:
A. extended.
B. prepared.
C. approached.
D. straightened.
5. Which of the following statements best captures how
the narrator’s parents balanced their parental duties
with their work at the construction company?
A. The narrator’s mother did the majority of the work
at the construction company, while the narrator’s
father took care of the narrator.
B. The narrator’s parents traded off responsibility for
taking care of the narrator and working at the construction company.
C. The narrator’s father worked at his designing
board, while the narrator’s mother took the narrator along to building sites.
D. The narrator’s parents both worked at the construction company, while the narrator stayed home
with a babysitter.
ACT-1572CPRE
10. In the last paragraph, the narrator’s father shows the
narrator the photos of storefronts and piers in order to:
F. teach the narrator about the commercial progress
the people who work in Bombay have made.
G. convince the narrator that Dayal and Haseler were
Bombay’s first great photographers.
H. clarify his claim that his photo collection was not
about modern-day Bombay but rather about the
early twentieth century.
J. illustrate that photos of places can reveal as much
about the people who spent time there as photos of
the people themselves.
33
GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE.
3
3
Passage II
55
SOCIAL SCIENCE: This passage is adapted from Great
Waters: An Atlantic Passage by Deborah Cramer (©2001 by
Deborah Cramer).
The Sargasso Sea is a part of the northern Atlantic Ocean.
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
60
As the Cramer idles through the Sargasso Sea,
waiting for the wind to rise, the sea is flat and empty.
Nothing demarcates or divides the smooth expanse of
water dissolving into the horizon. This vast, unroughened surface, this breadth of uniform sea, deceives. But
for a few lonely oceanic islands, the unperturbed surface offers no hint of the grand and sweeping energies
hidden below.
65
Only one thousand miles offshore, the Cramer has
already sailed through some of Atlantic’s deepest
waters. Contrary to what one might guess, Atlantic’s
deepest waters, like those in other oceans, are along her
edges. As we continue east, toward the middle of the
sea, the bottom rises. The unmarked plains of the abyss,
here flattened by layers of sediment, give way to rising
foothills and then to mountains. The first maps of
Atlantic seafloor noted, albeit crudely, this rise. Early
efforts to plumb Atlantic’s depths proved outrageously
inaccurate: one naval officer paid out eight miles (thirteen kilometers) of hemp rope from a drifting ship and
concluded the sea had no bottom. Eventually, sailors
more or less successfully calculated depth by heaving
overboard cannonballs tied to bailing twine. When they
hit bottom, the sailors measured and snipped the twine
and then moved on, leaving a trail of lead strung out
across the seafloor. These crude soundings, forming the
basis of the first map of Atlantic’s basin, published in
1854, identified a prominent rise halfway between
Europe and America.
70
75
80
85
For many years no one could explain why the
basin of Atlantic, unlike a bowl, deepened at its edges
and shoaled in its center. People assumed that this
“Middle Ground,” “Telegraph Plateau,” or “Dolphin
Rise,” as it was variously called, was an ancient and
drowned land bridge, or a lost continent, but sailors
repairing transatlantic telegraph cable unknowingly
produced evidence to prove otherwise. Wrestling with
the broken cable, they accidentally twisted off a piece
of the “plateau” and dredged up a twenty-one-pound
(ten-kilogram) chunk of dense black volcanic rock. It
was some of the youngest, freshest rock on earth, and it
was torn not from a piece of continent sunk beneath the
waves, but from the very foundation of the sea.
A great valley, eclipsing any comparable feature
on dry land, runs through these mountains. Arizona’s
Grand Canyon, one of earth’s most spectacular places,
extends for about 280 miles (450 kilometers). A lesserknown canyon of similar depth but considerably greater
length lies hidden in the mountains of the ridge.
Although offset in many places by breaks in the mountains, the rift valley, as the canyon is called, extends the
length of Atlantic for 11,000 miles (17,700 kilometers).
Here in this bleak and forbidding place, where the
water is almost freezing, subterranean fires have lifted
mounds of fresh lava onto the seafloor. Scientists visiting the rift valley for the first time named the volcanic
hills in this otherworldly setting after distant, lifeless
planets.
Yet, what had seemed so foreign to scientists is an
integral part of earth’s very being, for at the ridge our
own planet gives birth. The floor of the rift valley is
torn; from the gashes has sprung the seafloor underlying all of Atlantic. Here the youngest, newest pieces are
made. Earth is still cooling from her tumultuous birth
four and a half billion years ago. Heat, leaking from the
molten core and from radioactive decay deep inside the
planet, rises toward earth’s surface, powering the volcanoes that deliver the ridge to the sea.
11. The author’s attitude toward the main subject of the
passage can best be described as:
A. awe and fascination.
B. disbelief and cynicism.
C. amusement and nostalgia.
D. boredom and indifference.
Today, highly sophisticated sound waves bring the
hazy images of those early soundings into sharp focus,
revealing that one of the largest and most salient geographic features on the planet lies on the floor of the
ocean. Hidden beneath the waves is an immense submerged mountain range, the backbone of the sea. More
extensive, rugged, and imposing than the Andes, Rockies, or Himalayas, it covers almost as much of earth’s
surface as the dry land of continents. Winding like the
seam of a baseball, it circles the planet in a long, sinu-
ACT-1572CPRE
ous path, running the entire length of Atlantic, slashing
the basin neatly in two. Its mountains are stark and
black, as black as the sea itself, lit only at their peaks
by a thin, patchy covering of white, the skeletal remains
of tiny microscopic animals that once lived at the surface. Peaks as high as Mount St. Helens sit in a watery
world of blackness, more than a mile below the surface,
beyond the reach of light, beyond the sight of sailors.
12. The passage makes clear that “Middle Ground,” “Telegraph Plateau,” and “Dolphin Rise” were names that
people gave to what was actually:
F. an island in Atlantic.
G. a transatlantic telegraph cable.
H. an ancient and drowned land bridge.
J. the immense mountain range in Atlantic’s basin.
34
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3
13. In the first paragraph, the author describes the stillness
of the Sargasso Sea as the Cramer passes through it
primarily to emphasize that the stillness:
A. won’t last long, for the sea will become rough
when the wind rises.
B. makes it easy for a passenger on the Cramer to
spot oceanic islands that break the water’s surface.
C. is in dramatic contrast to the power of what exists
on and under the seafloor far below.
D. makes it seem as if the Cramer’s wake is dividing
the unbroken expanse of water into two.
17. The author most strongly implies that people commonly assume the deepest waters of an ocean are:
A. about one thousand miles offshore.
B. at the middle of the ocean.
C. dotted with islands.
D. located in trenches.
18. As it is used in line 19, the phrase paid out most nearly
means:
F. dispensed.
G. ascertained.
H. suggested.
J. compensated.
14. The passage states that compared to Arizona’s Grand
Canyon, the canyon that lies within the mountains in
Atlantic’s basin is considerably:
F. deeper.
G. older.
H. wider.
J. longer.
15. The main purpose of the information in lines 71–76 is
to:
A. describe in detail scientists’ expectations for their
first trip to the rift valley.
B. characterize the rift valley as an alien, seemingly
barren place.
C. provide statistics about several geographic properties of the rift valley.
D. list the names that scientists gave to the volcanic
hills in the rift valley.
19. According to the passage, the mountain range in
Atlantic’s basin covers nearly the same amount of
Earth’s surface as does:
A. Mount St. Helens.
B. the Himalayas.
C. the Pacific Ocean.
D. the dry land of continents.
16. One of the main purposes of the last paragraph is to
state that the:
F. gashes in the rift valley continue to increase in
width.
G. seafloor of Atlantic has cooled.
H. entire Atlantic seafloor has issued from the gashes
in the rift valley.
J. volcanoes on Earth’s dry land have created the
newest, youngest pieces of Atlantic seafloor.
ACT-1572CPRE
20. According to the passage, the white cover on the peaks
of the mountains in Atlantic’s basin is:
F. skeletal remains of microscopic animals.
G. thin layers of sedimentary volcanic ash.
H. patches of ice.
J. salt deposits.
35
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3
3
Passage III
HUMANITIES: Passage A is adapted from the essay “Just This
Side of Byzantium” by Ray Bradbury (©1975 by Ray Bradbury),
which is the introduction to a later edition of Bradbury’s 1957
novel Dandelion Wine. Passage B is adapted from Dandelion
Wine (©1957 by Ray Bradbury).
50
Passage B by Ray Bradbury
Passage A by Ray Bradbury
5
10
15
20
25
I began to learn the nature of surprises, thankfully,
when I was fairly young as a writer. Before that, like
every beginner, I thought you could beat, pummel, and
thrash an idea into existence. Under such treatment, of
course, any decent idea folds up its paws, turns on its
back, fixes its eyes on eternity, and dies.
55
60
It was with great relief, then, that in my early
twenties I floundered into a word-association process in
which I simply got out of bed each morning, walked to
my desk, and put down any word or series of words that
happened along in my head.
65
I would then take arms against the word, or for it,
and bring on an assortment of characters to weigh the
word and show me its meaning in my own life. An hour
or two hours later, to my amazement, a new story
would be finished and done. The surprise was total and
lovely. I soon found that I would have to work this way
for the rest of my life.
70
First I rummaged my mind for words that could
describe my personal nightmares, fears of night and
time from my childhood, and shaped stories from these.
75
Then I took a long look at the green apple trees
and the old house I was born in and the house next door
where lived my grandparents, and all the lawns of the
summers I grew up in, and I began to try words for all
that.
35
40
45
80
Douglas walked through it thinking it would go on
this way forever. The sound of a good friend whistling
like an oriole, pegging the softball, as you horsedanced, key-jingled the dusty paths; things were at
hand and would remain.
It was such a fine day and then suddenly a cloud
crossed the sky, covered the sun, and did not move
again.
“John, say that again.”
“Did you say you were—going away?”
John took a yellow and green train ticket solemnly
from his pocket and they both looked at it.
85
Along the way I came upon and collided, through
word-association, with old and true friendships. I borrowed my friend John Huff from my childhood in Arizona and shipped him East to Green Town so that I
could say good-bye to him properly.
90
Along the way, I sat me down to breakfasts,
lunches, and dinners with the long dead and much
loved.
ACT-1572CPRE
And right now he and Douglas were hiking out
beyond town on another warm and marble-round day,
the sky blue blown-glass reaching high, the creeks
bright with mirror waters fanning over white stones. It
was a day as perfect as the flame of a candle.
“You heard me the first time, Doug.”
So from the age of twenty-four to thirty-six hardly
a day passed when I didn’t stroll myself across a recollection of my grandparents’ northern Illinois grass,
hoping to come across some old half-burnt firecracker,
a rusted toy, or a fragment of letter written to myself in
some young year hoping to contact the older person I
became to remind him of his past, his life, his people,
his joys, and his drenching sorrows.
Thus I fell into surprise. I came on the old and best
ways of writing through ignorance and experiment and
The facts about John Huff, aged twelve, are simple
and soon stated. He could pathfind more trails than
anyone since time began, could leap from the sky like a
chimpanzee from a vine, could live underwater two
minutes and slide fifty yards downstream from where
you last saw him. The baseballs you pitched him he hit
in the apple trees, knocking down harvests. He ran
laughing. He sat easy. He was not a bully. He was kind.
He knew the names of all the wild flowers and when
the moon would rise and set. He was, in fact, the only
god living in the whole of Green Town, Illinois, during
the twentieth century that Douglas Spaulding knew of.
John Huff had been speaking quietly for several
minutes. Now Douglas stopped on the path and looked
over at him.
I had to send myself back, with words as catalysts,
to open the memories out and see what they had to
offer.
30
was startled when truths leaped out of bushes like quail
before gunshot. I blundered into creativity as any child
learning to walk and see. I learned to let my senses and
my Past tell me all that was somehow true.
95
36
“Tonight!” said Douglas. “My gosh! Tonight we
were going to play Red Light, Green Light and Statues!
How come, all of a sudden? You been here in Green
Town all my life. You just don’t pick up and leave!”
“It’s my father,” said John. “He’s got a job in Milwaukee. We weren’t sure until today . . . ”
They sat under an old oak tree on the side of the
hill looking back at town. Out beyond, in sunlight, the
town was painted with heat, the windows all gaping.
Douglas wanted to run back in there where the town, by
its very weight, its houses, their bulk, might enclose
and prevent John’s ever getting up and running off.
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3
3
Questions 21–25 ask about Passage A.
Questions 26 and 27 ask about Passage B.
21. When Bradbury claims, “Thus I fell into surprise”
(line 46), he’s most nearly referring to the:
A. discovery that for him the secret to a creative outpouring was to use a word-association method to
write fiction.
B. long-forgotten experiences he would remember
when he would talk with his childhood friends in
person.
C. realization that he wrote more effectively about his
current experiences than about his past.
D. several methods other writers taught him to help
him write honest, authentic stories.
26. In the first paragraph of Passage B (lines 52–63), the
narrator describes John Huff in a manner that:
F. emphasizes John’s physical strength and intelligence, to indicate John’s view of himself.
G. exaggerates John’s characteristics and actions, to
reflect Douglas’s idolization of John.
H. highlights John’s reckless behavior, to show that
Douglas was most fond of John’s rebelliousness.
J. showcases John’s talents, to make clear why both
children and adults admired John.
22. Passage A indicates that Bradbury believes all beginning writers think that they can:
F. learn the nature of surprises.
G. force an idea into creation.
H. use one word as a catalyst for a story.
J. become a good writer through experiment.
27. Within Passage B, the image in lines 74–76 functions
figuratively to suggest that:
A. John’s leaving on a stormy night was fitting, given
Douglas’s sadness.
B. John’s disappointment about moving was reflected
in his mood all day.
C. the mood of the day changed dramatically and
irreversibly once John shared his news.
D. the sky in Green Town became cloudy at the
moment John told Douglas he was moving.
23. Bradbury’s claim “I would then take arms against the
word, or for it” (line 12) most strongly suggests that
during his writing sessions, Bradbury would:
A. attempt to find the one word that for him was the
key to understanding John Huff.
B. often reject a word as not being a catalyst for
meaningful writing.
C. deliberately choose to write only about a word that
inspired his fears.
D. feel as though he were struggling to find a word’s
significance to him.
Questions 28–30 ask about both passages.
28. Both Passage A and Passage B highlight Bradbury’s
use of:
F. a first person omniscient narrator to tell a story.
G. satire and irony to develop characters.
H. allegory to present a complex philosophical
question.
J. sensory details and imaginative description to
convey ideas.
24. In the seventh paragraph of Passage A (lines 30–37),
Bradbury explains his habit, over many years as a
writer, of almost daily:
F. looking at and writing about objects from his
childhood that he had saved.
G. wishing he had kept more letters from his childhood to trigger his memories.
H. driving past his grandparents’ property, hoping to
notice something that would remind him of his
past.
J. thinking about his grandparents’ property, hoping
to remember something that would bring his past
into focus.
29. Based on Bradbury’s description in Passage A of his
writing process, which of the following methods hypothetically depicts a way Bradbury might have begun to
write the story in Passage B?
A. Taking notes while interviewing old friends after
first deciding to write a story about two boys
B. Forming two characters, determining that he
would like to tell a story about loss, and then
beginning to write a scene
C. Writing down the words train ticket and then
spending an hour writing whatever those words
brought to his mind
D. Outlining the plot of a story about two boys that
would end with one boy leaving on a train
25. Passage A explains that when writing about the character John Huff, Bradbury had:
A. placed John in a town in Arizona, where Bradbury
himself had grown up.
B. included John in stories about a town in Arizona
and in stories about Green Town.
C. “moved” John to a town other than the town in
which the real-life John Huff had grown up.
D. “borrowed” John to use as a minor character in
many of his stories.
ACT-1572CPRE
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3
3
30. Elsewhere in the essay from which Passage A is
adapted, Bradbury writes:
Was there a real boy named John Huff?
There was. And that was truly his name. But
he didn’t go away from me, I went away from
him.
How do these statements apply to both the information
about Bradbury’s approach as a storyteller provided in
Passage A and the story of John Huff provided in Passage B?
F. They reveal that Bradbury believed that to surprise
readers is a fiction writer’s most important task.
G. They reinforce that Bradbury used his life experiences to create fiction but also altered those experiences as he pleased.
H. They prove that Bradbury felt such pain over leaving John that he had to reverse events to be able to
write the story.
J. They indicate that Bradbury rarely used his life
experiences to create fiction.
35
40
45
50
Passage IV
55
NATURAL SCIENCE: This passage is adapted from the article
“The Jaws That Jump” by Adam Summers (©2006 by Natural
History Magazine, Inc.).
5
10
15
20
25
30
60
Recently I was reminded of just how powerful ants
can be when inflicting damage on intruders. A team of
biomechanists has studied the incredibly speedy bite of
a group of Central and South American ants. The team
clocked the bite as the fastest on the planet—and discovered that it also gives the ants the unique ability to
jump with their jaws, adding to an impressive array of
already known defenses.
65
Trap-jaw ants nest in leaf litter, rather than underground or in mounds. There they often feed on wellarmored and elusive prey, including other species of
ants. As they stalk their dinner, the trap-jaws hold their
mandibles wide apart, often cocked open at 180 degrees
or more by a latch mechanism. When minute trigger
hairs on the inner edge of the mandible come in contact
with something, the jaws snap shut at speeds now
known to reach 145 miles per hour. No passerby could
outrace that. The astoundingly high speed gives the
jaws, despite their light weight, enough force to crack
open the armor of most prey and get at the tasty meat
inside.
70
75
80
The key to the jaws’ speed (and their even more
amazing acceleration) is that the release comes from
stored energy produced by the strong but slow muscles
of the jaw. Think how an archer slowly draws an arrow
in a bowstring against the flex of a bow: nearly all the
energy from the archer’s muscles pours into the flexing
of the bow. When released, the energy stored in the bow
wings the arrow toward its target much faster than the
archer could by throwing the arrow like a javelin. The
biomechanics of energy storage is the domain of Sheila
ACT-1572CPRE
85
38
N. Patek and Joseph E. Baio, both biomechanists at the
University of California, Berkeley. They teamed up
with two ant experts, Brian L. Fisher of the California
Academy of Sciences in San Francisco and Andrew V.
Suarez of the University of Illinois at UrbanaChampaign, to look at the trap-jaw ant Odontomachus
bauri.
Fisher, Suarez, and other field biologists had
already noted that catching O. bauri was like grabbing
for popping popcorn—and very hot popcorn at that,
because a painful sting goes with an ant’s trap-jaw bite.
The insects bounced around in a dizzying frenzy and
propelled themselves many times their body length
when biologists or smaller intruders approached them.
Patek and Baio made high-speed video images of their
movements, and discovered that the secret of their selfpropulsion was the well-executed “firing” of their
mandibles. They also observed that mandibles started to
decelerate before they meet—possibly to avoid selfinflicted damage. Most important, the ants had two distinct modes of aerial locomotion.
In the so-called escape jump, an ant orients its
head and jaws perpendicular to the ground, then slams
its face straight down. That triggers the cocked
mandibles to release with a force 400 times the ant’s
body weight, launching the insect ten or more body
lengths nearly straight into the air. The ant doesn’t
seem to go in any particular direction, but the jump is
presumably fast and unpredictable enough to help the
insect evade, say, the probing tongue of a lizard. Not
only can the jumping ant gain height and sow confusion, but it may also get to a new vantage point from
which to relaunch an attack.
The second kind of jaw-propelled locomotion is
even more common than escape jumping. If an intruder
enters the ants’ nest, one of the ants bangs its jaws
against the intruder, which triggers the trap-jaw and
propels the interloper (if small enough) in one direction, out of the nest, and the ant in the other. Often the
force sends the ant skimming an inch off the ground for
nearly a foot. The attack, for obvious reasons, is known
as the “bouncer defense.” In the wild, gangs of defending ants team up to attack hostile strangers, sending
them head over heels out of the nest.
From an evolutionary point of view, the trap-jaws
are an intriguing story. The ants clearly evolved an
entirely new function, propulsion, for a system that was
already useful—chewing up prey. Several lineages of
trap-jaw ants have independently hit on the tactic of
storing energy in their jaws to penetrate well-defended
prey. In Odontomachus, the horizontal, bouncerdefense jump could have arisen out of attempts to bite
intruders, but the high, escape jump—with jaws aimed
directly at the ground—must have arisen from a different, perhaps accidental kind of behavior. Such a
serendipitous event would have been a rare instance in
which banging one’s head against the ground got good
results.
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3
3
36. One main purpose of the last paragraph is to suggest
that unlike their bouncer-defense jump, the trap-jaw
ants’ escape jump may have arisen through:
F. the ants’ trying and failing to bite intruders.
G. a change in the structure of the mandibles of several lineages of ants.
H. an accidental behavior of the ants.
J. the ants’ experiencing a positive outcome when
they would attack in a large group.
31. The primary purpose of the passage is to:
A. provide an overview of the mechanics and key
operations of the jaws of trap-jaw ants.
B. analyze Patek and Baio’s techniques for filming
two defensive maneuvers of trap-jaw ants.
C. compare the jaws of Odontomachus bauri to the
jaws of other species of ants.
D. describe the evolution of the ability of trap-jaw
ants to perform an escape jump.
37. As it is used in line 31, the word domain most nearly
means:
A. living space.
B. area of expertise.
C. taxonomic category.
D. local jurisdiction.
32. The sentence in lines 73–75 and the last sentence of
the passage are examples of the author’s rhetorical
technique of:
F. weaving sarcasm into a mostly casual and playful
article.
G. interjecting a lighthearted tone into a primarily
technical article.
H. integrating a slightly combative tone into an article that mostly praises two scientists’ work.
J. incorporating personal anecdotes into an article
that mostly reports data.
38. The passage points to which of the following as a characteristic of trap-jaw ants’ mandibles that prevents the
ants from harming themselves with their powerful
bite?
F. A hinge prevents the mandibles from snapping
together forcefully.
G. Mandibles with cushioned inner edges provide a
buffer when the mandibles snap shut.
H. A latch mechanism prevents the mandibles from
closing completely.
J. The mandibles begin to decelerate before they
meet.
33. As it is used in lines 81–82, the phrase well-defended
prey most nearly refers to prey that:
A. have a hard outer shell.
B. attack with a lethal bite.
C. travel and attack in groups.
D. move quickly.
39. As described in the passage, one benefit of the trapjaw ant’s escape jump is that it allows an ant to:
A. land in position to launch a new attack on a
predator.
B. confuse a predator with a quick, sudden sting.
C. signal to other ants using a predictable movement.
D. point itself in whichever direction it chooses to
escape.
34. The passage makes clear that the main source of the
speed of the jaws of the trap-jaw ant is the:
F. ease of movement of the hinge of the jaw.
G. continuous, steady firing of the jaw’s mandibles.
H. light weight of the jaw in relation to the ant’s body
weight.
J. release of energy stored by muscles of the jaw.
40. When a trap-jaw ant uses the bouncer-defense jump
effectively on an intruder, which creature(s), if any,
will be propelled either out of the nest or in another
direction?
F. The intruder only
G. The attacking ant only
H. The attacking ant and the intruder
J. Neither the attacking ant nor the intruder
35. The author uses the analogy of trying to grab popcorn
as it pops in order to describe the trap-jaw ants’ ability
to:
A. generate heat with their jaw movements.
B. move to high ground in order to attack prey.
C. attack intruders by tossing them out of the nest.
D. bounce around frantically when intruders approach.
END OF TEST 3
STOP! DO NOT TURN THE PAGE UNTIL TOLD TO DO SO.
DO NOT RETURN TO A PREVIOUS TEST.
ACT-1572CPRE
39
4
4
SCIENCE TEST
35 Minutes—40 Questions
DIRECTIONS: There are several passages in this test.
Each passage is followed by several questions. After
reading a passage, choose the best answer to each
question and fill in the corresponding oval on your
answer document. You may refer to the passages as
often as necessary.
You are NOT permitted to use a calculator on this test.
Passage I
Study 2
Three tubes (Tubes 4−6), each with 5% SY medium (a
diet with 5% sugar and 5% killed yeast), were prepared.
Then, 200 virgin female Strain N fruit flies less than 24 hr
old were added to each tube. No additional substance was
added to Tube 4. Additional odors from live yeast were
added to Tube 5, and live yeast was added to Tube 6. The
percent of fruit flies alive was determined every 5 days for
75 days (see Figure 2).
Researchers studied how diet and the ability to smell
food can affect the life span of normal fruit flies (Strain N)
and fruit flies unable to detect many odors (Strain X).
Study 1
Three tubes (Tubes 1−3), each with 15% sugar yeast
(SY) medium (a diet with 15% sugar and 15% killed yeast),
were prepared. Then, 200 virgin female Strain N fruit flies
less than 24 hr old were added to each tube. No additional
substance was added to Tube 1. Additional odors from live
yeast were added to Tube 2, and live yeast was added to
Tube 3. The percent of fruit flies alive was determined
every 5 days for 75 days (see Figure 1).
Key
Key
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
5% SY medium
5% SY medium + additional odors from live yeast
5% SY medium + live yeast
percent alive
percent alive
15% SY medium
15% SY medium + additional odors from live yeast
15% SY medium + live yeast
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75
days
Figure 1
ACT-1572CPRE
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75
days
Figure 2
40
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4
4
3. Study 1 differed from Study 2 in which of the following ways?
A. Female fruit flies were tested in Study 1, whereas
male fruit flies were tested in Study 2.
B. Male fruit flies were tested in Study 1, whereas
female fruit flies were tested in Study 2.
C. The SY medium tested in Study 1 contained a
lower percent of sugar than did the SY medium
tested in Study 2.
D. The SY medium tested in Study 1 contained a
higher percent of sugar than did the SY medium
tested in Study 2.
Study 3
Strain N fruit flies were modified to produce Strain X
fruit flies. Strain X fruit flies lack Or83b (a protein
required to detect a wide range of odors); therefore, they
cannot detect many odors. The average life span was determined for virgin female Strain N and virgin female
Strain X fruit flies fed with various SY media (see
Table 1).
Table 1
SY medium
Average
life span
(days)
Strain
% sugar
% killed
yeast
Strain N
030,
050,
07.5
100,
150,
030,
050,
07.5
100,
150,
50.1
50.1
43.9
44.8
41.6
Strain X
030,
050,
07.5
100,
150,
030,
050,
07.5
100,
150,
61.6
62.5
58.9
58.6
55.6
4. Suppose that an additional trial in Study 3 had been
performed using a 12% SY medium (a diet with
12% sugar and 12% killed yeast). The average life
span of the Strain X fruit flies in this trial would most
likely have been:
F. less than 55.6 days.
G. between 55.6 days and 58.6 days.
H. between 58.6 days and 61.6 days.
J. greater than 61.6 days.
5. The researchers had predicted that decreasing a fruit
fly’s ability to detect odors would increase its life
span. Are the results of Study 3 consistent with this
prediction?
A. No; for each SY medium tested, the average life
span of Strain X fruit flies was longer than the
average life span of Strain N fruit flies.
B. No; for each SY medium tested, the average life
span of Strain N fruit flies was longer than the
average life span of Strain X fruit flies.
C. Yes; for each SY medium tested, the average life
span of Strain X fruit flies was longer than the
average life span of Strain N fruit flies.
D. Yes; for each SY medium tested, the average life
span of Strain N fruit flies was longer than the
average life span of Strain X fruit flies.
Table and figures adapted from Sergiy Libert et al., “Regulation of
Drosophila Life Span by Olfaction and Food-Derived Odors.” ©2007
by the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
6. Suppose the researchers wanted to determine whether a
defect in the ability to detect odors would change the
life span of fruit flies fed 15% SY medium when live
yeast is added to the diet or when additional odors
from live yeast are added to the diet. Which of the following experiments should be performed?
F. Repeat Study 1 except with Strain X fruit flies
G. Repeat Study 1 except with Strain N fruit flies
H. Repeat Study 2 except with Strain X fruit flies
J. Repeat Study 2 except with Strain N fruit flies
1. In which of Studies 1 and 2 did some of the fruit flies
live for more than 75 days, and what diet were those
fruit flies fed?
A. Study 1; 05% SY medium
B. Study 1; 15% SY medium
C. Study 2; 05% SY medium
D. Study 2; 15% SY medium
2. During Studies 1 and 2, why did the size of the fruit fly
population in each tube decrease rather than increase?
F. The birthrate was 0, because the initial population
contained only males.
G. The birthrate was 0, because the initial population
contained only virgin females.
H. The death rate was 0, because the initial population contained only males.
J. The death rate was 0, because the initial population contained only virgin females.
ACT-1572CPRE
7. The results for which 2 tubes should be compared to
determine how a reduced calorie diet affects life span
in the absence of live yeast and additional odors from
live yeast?
A. Tube 1 and Tube 4
B. Tube 1 and Tube 2
C. Tube 2 and Tube 5
D. Tube 5 and Tube 6
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4
4
Passage II
8. Which hypothesis, if any, asserts that monarch butterflies store lipids during 2 distinct periods?
F. Hypothesis 1
G. Hypothesis 2
H. Hypothesis 3
J. None of the hypotheses
In the fall, monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) in
eastern North America migrate to Mexico, where they
overwinter in high-altitude forests of oyamel fir (an evergreen conifer). The butterflies store (accumulate) body
lipids to use as a source of energy at a later time. Consider
the following 3 hypotheses pertaining to when the butterflies store lipids and when the energy from the stored lipids
is used, with respect to migration and overwintering.
9. Which hypothesis, if any, asserts that monarch butterflies require energy from stored lipids neither for
migration nor during the overwintering period?
A. Hypothesis 1
B. Hypothesis 2
C. Hypothesis 3
D. None of the hypotheses
Hypothesis 1
Monarch butterflies require energy from stored lipids
for migration and during the overwintering period. The
butterflies first store lipids before they begin their migration. During migration, as stored lipids are converted to
energy, lipid mass continuously decreases. When the butterflies reach the overwintering sites, ending their migration, they must store lipids again before beginning the
overwintering period.
ACT-1572CPRE
G.
B
42
time
B
E
J.
lipid mass
B
time
E
time
E
lipid mass
Hypothesis 3
Monarch butterflies require energy from stored lipids
during the overwintering period but not for migration. The
butterflies do not store lipids before they begin their migration. Instead, lipids are stored during migration; therefore,
lipid mass continuously increases from the beginning of
migration until the end of migration. The butterflies arrive
at the overwintering sites with enough lipids to provide
themselves with energy during the overwintering period, so
they do not store lipids while at the overwintering sites.
H.
lipid mass
F.
lipid mass
10. Based on Hypothesis 3, which of the following figures
best depicts the change in the lipid mass of a monarch
butterfly from the beginning of migration to the end of
migration?
(Note: In each figure, B represents the beginning of
migration and E represents the end of migration.)
Hypothesis 2
Monarch butterflies require energy from stored lipids
for migration but not during the overwintering period. The
butterflies store lipids before they begin their migration.
During migration, as stored lipids are converted to energy,
lipid mass continuously decreases. Because energy from
stored lipids is not required during the overwintering
period, the butterflies do not store lipids while at the overwintering sites.
B
time
E
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4
4
11. Assume that changes in the body mass of a monarch
butterfly are caused only by changes in the mass of the
butterfly’s stored lipids. The statement “The percent of
a monarch butterfly’s body mass that is made up of
lipids is greater at the beginning of migration than at
the end of migration” is supported by which of the
hypotheses?
A. Hypothesis 1 only
B. Hypothesis 2 only
C. Hypotheses 1 and 2 only
D. Hypotheses 1, 2, and 3
13. Which of the following statements about lipids in
monarch butterflies is consistent with all 3 hypotheses?
A. The butterflies’ lipid masses do not change during
the overwintering period.
B. The butterflies’ lipid masses change during
migration.
C. The butterflies use energy from stored lipids
during the overwintering period.
D. The butterflies use energy from stored lipids for
migration.
12. To store lipids, monarch butterflies convert sugar from
nectar they have consumed into lipids. A supporter of
which hypothesis, if any, would be likely to claim that
to ensure the butterflies can store lipids for the overwintering period, nectar must be present at the butterflies’ overwintering sites?
F. Hypothesis 1
G. Hypothesis 2
H. Hypothesis 3
J. None of the hypotheses
ACT-1572CPRE
14. When the monarch butterflies use their stored lipids,
the lipids must be broken down to produce energy-rich
molecules that can be readily used by cells. Which of
the following molecules is produced as a direct result
of the breakdown of the lipids?
F. ATP
G. Starch
H. DNA
J. Amino acids
43
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4
4
Passage III
Greenhouse gases such as methane (CH 4 ) warm
Earth’s climate. Figure 1 shows the concentration of CH4
in Earth’s atmosphere and the solar radiation intensity at
Earth’s surface for tropical Europe and Asia over the past
250,000 years. As the figure shows, the CH4 concentration
and the solar radiation intensity have increased and
decreased at the same times over most of this period.
Figure 2 shows the same types of data for the same region
over the past 11,000 years. This figure is consistent with
the hypothesis that the greenhouse gases from human
activities may have begun warming Earth’s climate thousands of years earlier than once thought.
Key
solar radiation
CH4 concentration
900
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
520
500
480
460
440
250
200
150
100
thousands of years ago
50
concentration of CH4 in
Earth’s atmosphere (ppb*)
solar radiation intensity
(watts/m2 )
540
0
(present)
*ppb = parts per billion
Figure 1
ACT-1572CPRE
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4
4
495
490
600
485
550
480
500
A.
11
475
10
5
thousands of years ago
B.
450
0
(present)
Figure 2
11
Figures adapted from William Ruddiman, Plows, Plagues & Petroleum. ©2005 by Princeton University Press.
C.
thousands of
years ago
0
11
D.
thousands of
years ago
0
thousands of
years ago
0
average global
temperature
650
average global
temperature
700
500
average global
temperature
505
concentration of CH4
in Earth’s atmosphere (ppb)
solar radiation intensity (watts/m2 )
750
average global
temperature
17. Suppose that whenever the CH 4 concentration
increases, a corresponding, immediate increase in
average global temperature occurs, and that whenever
the CH 4 concentration decreases, a corresponding,
immediate decrease in average global temperature
occurs. Based on Figure 2, which of the following
graphs best represents a plot of average global temperature over the past 11,000 years?
Key
solar radiation
CH4 concentration
11
thousands of
years ago
0
18. Based on Figure 1, the average solar radiation intensity
over the past 250,000 years was closest to which of the
following?
F. 400 watts/m2
G. 440 watts/m2
H. 480 watts/m2
J. 520 watts/m2
19. One solar radiation cycle is the time between a maximum in the solar radiation intensity and the next maximum in the solar radiation intensity. According to
Figure 1, the average length of a solar radiation cycle
during the past 250,000 years was:
A. less than 15,000 years.
B. between 15,000 years and 35,000 years.
C. between 35,000 years and 55,000 years.
D. greater than 55,000 years.
15. According to Figure 2, the solar radiation intensity
8,000 years ago was closest to which of the following?
A. 490 watts/m2
B. 495 watts/m2
C. 500 watts/m2
D. 505 watts/m2
20. Which of the following statements best describes the
primary effect of CH4 on Earth’s climate?
F. CH 4 gives off visible light to space, cooling
Earth’s climate.
G. CH4 gives off ultraviolet radiation to space, warming Earth’s climate.
H. CH4 absorbs heat as it enters Earth’s atmosphere
from space, cooling Earth’s climate.
J. CH4 absorbs heat that comes up from Earth’s surface, warming Earth’s climate.
16. According to Figure 2, if the trend in the CH4 concentration had continued to match the trend in the solar
radiation intensity, the CH 4 concentration at present
would most likely be:
F. less than 550 ppb.
G. between 550 ppb and 600 ppb.
H. between 600 ppb and 650 ppb.
J. greater than 650 ppb.
ACT-1572CPRE
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4
4
Passage IV
21. If a block was pulled toward the east, the frictional
force exerted on the block by the surface was directed
toward the:
A. north.
B. south.
C. east.
D. west.
In 2 experiments, a student pulled each of 3 blocks in
a straight line across a flat, horizontal surface.
In Experiment 1, the student measured the pulling
force (the force required to move each block at a constant
speed) and plotted the pulling force, in newtons (N), versus
block mass, in kilograms (kg). The results are shown in
Figure 1.
pulling force (N)
25.00
20.00
15.00
22. Based on Figure 2, what is the order of the 3 blocks,
from the block that required the shortest time to reach
15 m/sec to the block that required the longest time to
reach 15 m/sec ?
F. 2.00 kg block, 2.50 kg block, 3.00 kg block
G. 2.00 kg block, 3.00 kg block, 2.50 kg block
H. 3.00 kg block, 2.00 kg block, 2.50 kg block
J. 3.00 kg block, 2.50 kg block, 2.00 kg block
10.00
5.00
50
00
4.
4.
50
00
3.
50
3.
2.
00
50
2.
00
1.
1.
50
0.
0.
00
0.00
block mass (kg)
Figure 1
In Experiment 2, the student measured the speed
versus time of a 2.00 kg block, a 2.50 kg block, and a
3.00 kg block as each block was pulled across the surface
with a constant 30 N force. The results are shown in
Figure 2.
35.00
2.00 kg
30.00
speed (m/sec)
23. Based on Figure 2, what was the approximate value of
the acceleration of the 3.00 kg block?
A. 00.0 m/sec2
B. 05.0 m/sec2
C. 15.0 m/sec2
D. 20.0 m/sec2
25.00
2.50 kg
20.00
3.00 kg
15.00
10.00
5.00
0.00
0.00
1.00
2.00
3.00
24. Based on Figure 1, the results of Experiment 1 are best
modeled by which of the following equations?
F. Block speed (m/sec) = 0.2 × time (sec)
G. Block speed (m/sec) = 5.0 × time (sec)
H. Pulling force (N) = 0.2 × block mass (kg)
J. Pulling force (N) = 5.0 × block mass (kg)
4.00
time (sec)
Figure 2
ACT-1572CPRE
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4
4
25. At each of the times plotted in Figure 2 (except
0.00 sec), as block mass increased, block speed:
A. increased only.
B. decreased only.
C. varied, but with no general trend.
D. remained the same.
ACT-1572CPRE
26. Based on Figure 1, an applied force of 30.00 N would
most likely have been required to maintain the constant
speed of a block having a mass of:
F. 4.00 kg.
G. 5.00 kg.
H. 6.00 kg.
J. 7.00 kg.
47
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4
4
Passage V
Experiment 2
Experiment 1 was repeated with solutions that had a
pH of 8 or greater (see Table 2).
A typical acid-base indicator is a compound that will
be one color over a certain lower pH range but will be a
different color over a certain higher pH range. In the small
range between these pH ranges—the transition range—the
indicator’s color will be an intermediate of its other
2 colors.
Table 2
Color in solution with a pH of:
Students studied 5 acid-base indicators using colorless
aqueous solutions of different pH and a well plate (a plate
containing a matrix of round depressions—wells—that can
hold small volumes of liquid).
Experiment 1
The students added a pH = 0 solution to 5 wells in the
first column of the well plate, then added a pH = 1 solution
to the 5 wells in the next column, and so on, up to pH = 7.
Next, they added a drop of a given indicator (in solution) to
each of the wells in a row, and then repeated this process,
adding a different indicator to each row. The color of the
resulting solution in each well was then recorded in Table 1
(B = blue, G = green, O = orange, P = purple, R = red,
Y = yellow).
Indicator
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Metanil yellow
Resorcin blue
Curcumin
Hessian bordeaux
Indigo carmine
Y
B
O
B
B
Y
B
R
R
B
Y
B
R
R
B
Y
B
R
R
B
Y
B
R
R
G
Y
B
R
R
Y
Y
B
R
R
Y
Experiment 3
Students were given 4 solutions (Solutions I−IV) of
unknown pH. The well plate was used to test samples of
each solution with 4 of the 5 indicators (see Table 3).
Table 3
Color in Solution:
Table 1
Color in solution with a pH of:
Indicator
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Metanil yellow
Resorcin blue
Curcumin
Hessian bordeaux
Indigo carmine
R
R
Y
B
B
R
R
Y
B
B
O
R
Y
B
B
Y
R
Y
B
B
Y
R
Y
B
B
Y
P
Y
B
B
Y
P
Y
B
B
Y
B
Y
B
B
ACT-1572CPRE
Indicator
I
II
III
IV
Metanil yellow
Resorcin blue
Curcumin
Indigo carmine
Y
B
R
B
Y
B
R
Y
Y
R
Y
B
O
R
Y
B
Tables adapted from David R. Lide, ed., CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 78th ed. ©1997 by CRC Press LLC.
48
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4
4
27. One way Experiment 2 differed from Experiment 3
was that in Experiment 2:
A. the solutions to which indicators were added were
of known pH.
B. the solutions to which indicators were added were
of unknown pH.
C. metanil yellow was used.
D. metanil yellow was not used.
31. The indicator propyl red has a transition range of
pH = 4.6 to pH = 6.8. If propyl red had been included
in Experiments 1 and 2, it would have produced results
most similar to those produced by which of the
5 indicators?
A. Metanil yellow
B. Resorcin blue
C. Curcumin
D. Indigo carmine
28. Based on the description of the well plate and how it
was used, the empty well plate would most likely have
been which of the following colors?
F. Black
G. Blue
H. Red
J. White
29. Based on the results of Experiments 1 and 2, which of
the following is a possible transition range for
curcumin?
A. pH = 3.9 to pH = 7.3
B. pH = 4.2 to pH = 6.6
C. pH = 7.4 to pH = 8.6
D. pH = 8.4 to pH = 9.5
32. A student claimed that Solution III has a pH of 7.3.
Are the results of Experiments 1−3 consistent with this
claim?
F. No, because in Solution III metanil yellow was
yellow.
G. No, because in Solution III resorcin blue was red.
H. Yes, because in Solution III metanil yellow was
yellow.
J. Yes, because in Solution III resorcin blue was red.
30. A chemist has 2 solutions, one of pH = 1 and one of
pH = 6. Based on the results of Experiments 1 and 2,
could indigo carmine be used to distinguish between
these solutions?
F. No; indigo carmine is blue at both pH = 1 and
pH = 6.
G. No; indigo carmine is blue at pH = 1 and is yellow
at pH = 6.
H. Yes; indigo carmine is blue at both pH = 1 and
pH = 6.
J. Yes; indigo carmine is blue at pH = 1 and is yellow
at pH = 6.
33. Based on the results of Experiments 1−3, which of
Solutions I−IV has the lowest pH ?
A. Solution I
B. Solution II
C. Solution III
D. Solution IV
ACT-1572CPRE
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4
4
Passage VI
For each plot, the sensor recorded the soil temperature
every 5 sec over the study period. From these data, the
average soil temperature of each plot was determined for
each day (see Figure 2).
Drilling mud (DM) is a suspension of clay particles in
water. When a well is drilled, DM is injected into the hole
to lubricate the drill. After this use, the DM is brought back
up to the surface and then disposed of by spraying it on
adjacent land areas.
Key
Plot 1
Plot 2
Plot 3
A cover of DM on plants and soil can affect the
albedo (proportion of the total incoming solar radiation
that is reflected from a surface), which in turn can affect
the soil temperature. The effect of a cover of DM on the
albedo and the soil temperature of an unsloped, semiarid
grassland area was studied from July 1 to August 9 of a
particular year.
daily average soil
temperature (°C)
28
On June 30, 3 plots (Plots 1−3), each 10 m by 40 m,
were established in the grassland area. For all the plots, the
types of vegetation present were the same, as was the density of the vegetation cover. At the center of each plot, a
soil temperature sensor was buried in the soil at a depth of
2.5 cm. An instrument that measures incoming and
reflected solar radiation was suspended 60 cm above the
center of each plot.
26
24
22
20
18
June July July July July July July Aug. Aug.
30
5
10 15 20 25 30
4
9
Figure 2
An amount of DM equivalent to 40 cubic meters
per hectare (m3 /ha) was then sprayed evenly on Plot 2.
(One hectare equals 10,000 m2.) An amount equivalent to
80 m 3 /ha was sprayed evenly on Plot 3. No DM was
sprayed on Plot 1.
Figures adapted from Francis Zvomuya et al., “Surface Albedo and
Soil Heat Flux Changes Following Drilling Mud Application to a
Semiarid, Mixed-Grass Prairie.” ©2008 by the Soil Science Society
of America.
For each plot, the albedo was calculated for each
cloudless day during the study period using measurements
of incoming and reflected solar radiation taken at noon on
those days (see Figure 1).
Key
Plot 1
Plot 2
Plot 3
34. Albedo was measured at noon because that time of day
is when solar radiation reaching the ground is:
F. 100% reflected.
G. 100% absorbed.
H. least intense.
J. most intense.
0.26
albedo
0.24
0.22
0.20
35. Why was the study designed so that the 3 plots had the
same types of vegetation present and the same density
of vegetation cover? These conditions ensured that any
variations in albedo and soil temperature would most
likely be attributable only to variations among the
plots in the:
A. amount of DM sprayed.
B. type of soil present.
C. plot area.
D. plot slope.
0.18
0.16
0.14
June July July July July July July Aug. Aug.
30
5
10 15 20 25 30
4
9
Figure 1
ACT-1572CPRE
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4
4
36. On one day of the study period, a measurable rainfall
occurred in the study area. The albedo calculated for
the cloudless day just after the rainy day was lower
than the albedo calculated for the cloudless day just
before the rainy day. On which day did a measurable
rainfall most likely occur in the study area?
F. July 10
G. July 12
H. July 26
J. July 28
39. According to the results of the study, did the presence
of a cover of DM increase or decrease the albedo, and
did the presence of a cover of DM increase or decrease
the soil temperature?
albedo
soil temperature
A. increase
increase
B. increase
decrease
C. decrease
decrease
D. decrease
increase
37. For each plot, the number of temperature readings
recorded by the soil temperature sensor every minute
was closest to which of the following?
A. 05
B. 12
C. 50
D. 60
38. According to Figure 1 and the description of the study,
was July 20 a cloudless day?
F. No, because albedo data were not collected on that
day.
G. No, because albedo data were collected on that
day.
H. Yes, because albedo data were not collected on
that day.
J. Yes, because albedo data were collected on that
day.
40. Based on Figure 1, on August 3, what percent of
incoming solar radiation was NOT reflected from
Plot 2 ?
F. 20%
G. 40%
H. 60%
J. 80%
END OF TEST 4
STOP! DO NOT RETURN TO ANY OTHER TEST.
[See Note on page 52.]
ACT-1572CPRE
51
If you plan to take the ACT with writing, sharpen your pencils and
continue with the writing test on page 53.
If you do not plan to take the ACT with writing, skip to page 56 for
instructions on scoring your multiple-choice tests.
52
Practice Writing Test
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(Do not print.)
Print Your Name Here: ������������������������������������������������������������
Your Date of Birth:
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Form 15AA51
Writing test
Booklet
You must take the multiple-choice tests before you take the writing test.
Directions
This is a test of your writing skills. You will have forty (40) minutes to read the prompt, plan your response,
and write an essay in English. Before you begin working, read all material in this test booklet carefully to
understand exactly what you are being asked to do.
You will write your essay on the lined pages in the answer document provided. Your writing on those pages
will be scored. You may use the unlined pages in this test booklet to plan your essay. Your work on these
pages will not be scored.
Your essay will be evaluated based on the evidence it provides of your ability to:
•
•
•
•
•
analyze and evaluate multiple perspectives on a complex issue
state and develop your own perspective on the issue
explain and support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed examples
clearly and logically organize your ideas in an essay
effectively communicate your ideas in standard written English
Lay your pencil down immediately when time is called.
DO NOT OPEN THIS BOOKLET UNTIL TOLD TO DO SO.
© 2015 by ACT, Inc. All rights reserved.
NOTE: This test material is the confidential copyrighted property of
ACT, Inc., and may not be copied, reproduced, sold, or otherwise
transferred without the prior express written permission of ACT, Inc.
Violators of ACT’s copyrights are subject to civil and criminal penalties.
PO Box 168
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53
Public Health and Individual Freedom
Most people want to be healthy, and most people want as much freedom as possible to do the things they
want. Unfortunately, these two desires sometimes conflict. For example, smoking is prohibited from
most public places, which restricts the freedom of some individuals for the sake of the health of others.
Likewise, car emissions are regulated in many areas in order to reduce pollution and its health risks to
others, which in turn restricts some people’s freedom to drive the vehicles they want. In a society that
values both health and freedom, how do we best balance the two? How should we think about conflicts
between public health and individual freedom?
Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of thinking about the
conflict between public health and individual freedom.
Perspective One
Perspective Two
Our society should strive
to achieve the greatest
good for the greatest
number of people. When
the freedom of the
individual interferes with
that principle, freedom
must be restricted.
Nothing in society is
more valuable than
freedom. Perhaps
physical health is
sometimes improved by
restricting freedom, but
the cost to the health of
our free society is far too
great to justify it.
Perspective Three
The right to avoid health
risks is a freedom,
too. When we allow
individual behavior to
endanger others, we’ve
damaged both freedom
and health.
Essay Task
Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on the
conflict between public health and individual freedom. In your essay, be sure to:
• analyze and evaluate the perspectives given
• state and develop your own perspective on the issue
• explain the relationship between your perspective and those given
Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the others, in partial
agreement, or wholly different. Whatever the case, support your ideas with logical
reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples.
Form 15AA51
54
Planning Your Essay
Your work on these prewriting pages will not be scored.
Use the space below and on the back cover to generate ideas and plan your essay. You may wish to
consider the following as you think critically about the task:
Strengths and weaknesses of the three given perspectives
• What insights do they offer, and what do they fail to consider?
• Why might they be persuasive to others, or why might they fail to persuade?
Your own knowledge, experience, and values
• What is your perspective on this issue, and what are its strengths and weaknesses?
• How will you support your perspective in your essay?
Note
•
•
•
For your practice essay, you will need scratch paper to plan your essay and four lined sheets
of paper for your response.
On test day, you will receive a test booklet with space to plan your essay and four lined
pages on which to write your response.
Read pages 61–62 for information and instructions on scoring your practice writing test.
55
5
Comparing Your Scores
Information about comparing your scores on the practice
multiple-choice tests with the scores of recent high school
graduates who took the ACT can be found at
www.actstudent.org.
Scoring Your Tests
How to Score the
Multiple-Choice Tests
Your scores and percent at or below are only estimates of the
scores that you will receive during an actual administration
of the ACT. Test scores are only one indicator of your level
of learning. Consider your scores in connection with your
grades, your performance in outside activities, and your
career interests.
Follow the instructions below and on the following pages to
score your practice multiple-choice tests and review your
performance.
Raw Scores
The number of questions you answered correctly on each
test and in each subscore area is your raw score. Because
there are many forms of the ACT, each with different
questions, some forms will be slightly easier (and some
slightly harder) than others. A raw score of 67 on one form
of the English test, for example, may be about as difficult to
earn as a raw score of 70 on another form of that test.
ACT College and Career Readiness Standards
The ACT College and Career Readiness Standards
describe the types of skills, strategies, and understandings
you will need to make a successful transition from high
school to college. For English, mathematics, reading,
and science, standards are provided for six score ranges
that reflect the progression and complexity of the skills in
each of the academic areas measured by the ACT tests.
For writing, standards are provided for five score ranges.
The ACT College and Career Readiness Standards and
benchmark scores for each test can be found at
www.act.org.
To compute your raw scores, check your answers with the
scoring keys on pages 57–58. Count the number of correct
answers for each of the four tests and seven subscore
areas, and enter the number in the blanks provided on
those pages. These numbers are your raw scores on the
tests and subscore areas.
Reviewing Your
Performance on the Practice
Multiple-Choice Tests
Scale Scores
To adjust for the small differences that occur among
­different forms of the ACT, the raw scores for tests and
subscore areas are converted into scale scores. Scale
scores are printed on the reports sent to you and your
college and scholarship choices.
Consider the following as you review your scores.
• Did you run out of time? Reread the information in this
booklet on pacing yourself. You may need to adjust the
way you use your time in responding to the questions.
• Did you spend too much time trying to understand the
directions for the tests? The directions for the practice
tests are the same directions that will appear in your test
booklet on test day. Make sure you understand them
before test day.
• Review the questions that you missed. Did you select a
response that was an incomplete answer or that did not
directly respond to the question being asked? Try to figure
out what you overlooked in answering the questions.
• Did a particular type of question confuse you? Did the
questions you missed come from a particular subscore
area? In reviewing your responses, check to see whether
a particular type of question or a particular subscore
area was more difficult for you.
When your raw scores are converted into scale scores, it
becomes possible to compare your scores with those of
examinees who took different test forms. For example, a
scale score of 26 on the English test has the same meaning
regardless of the form of the ACT on which it is based.
To determine the scale scores corresponding to your
raw scores on the practice test, use the tables explaining
procedures used to obtain scale scores from raw scores on
pages 59–60. Table 1 on page 59 shows the raw-to-scale
score conversions for each test, and Table 2 on page 60
shows the raw-to-scale score conversions for the subscore
areas. Because each form of the ACT is unique, each form
has somewhat different conversion tables. Consequently,
these tables provide only approximations of the raw-to-scale
score conversions that would apply if a different form of the
ACT were taken. Therefore, the scale scores obtained from
the practice tests don’t match precisely the scale scores
received from an actual administration of the ACT.
Computing the Composite Score
The Composite score is the average of the four scale scores
in English, mathematics, reading, and science. If you left any
of these tests blank, do not calculate a Composite score.
If you take the ACT with writing, your writing results do not
affect your Composite score.
56
Scoring Keys for the ACT Practice Tests
Use the scoring key for each test to score your answer document for the multiple-choice tests. Mark a “1” in the
blank for each question you answered correctly. Add up the numbers in each subscore area and enter the total
number correct for each subscore area in the blanks provided. Also enter the total number correct for each test in
the blanks provided. The total number correct for each test is the sum of the number correct in each subscore area.
Test 1: English—Scoring Key
Key
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
A
J
D
H
B
J
B
J
C
J
B
G
A
H
D
H
B
J
C
H
A
F
B
H
C
F
D
G
A
F
B
H
B
H
A
F
A
F
Subscore
Area*
UM
RH
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
Test 2: Mathematics—Scoring Key
Key
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
59.
60.
61.
62.
63.
64.
65.
66.
67.
68.
69.
70.
71.
72.
73.
74.
75.
C
J
C
G
D
J
C
J
D
H
B
F
D
J
A
F
B
G
C
F
D
G
C
G
D
F
C
H
D
G
D
J
A
F
B
H
D
Subscore
Area*
UM
RH
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
D
H
E
F
E
H
E
H
A
K
C
K
B
H
B
H
D
F
D
F
B
H
A
H
B
G
E
H
C
G
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
Key
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
59.
60.
D
K
B
H
D
J
A
F
B
F
E
K
D
G
D
J
B
G
A
F
E
H
B
K
E
K
A
K
E
J
Subscore
Area*
EA
AG
GT
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
Number Correct (Raw Score) for:
___
___
Number Correct (Raw Score) for:
Usage/Mechanics (UM) Subscore Area _______
(40)
Rhetorical Skills (RH) Subscore Area
_______
(35)
Total Number Correct for English Test
(UM + RH)
_______
(75)
*UM = Usage/Mechanics
RH = Rhetorical Skills
Key
Subscore
Area*
EA
AG
GT
1572CPRE
Pre-Alg./Elem. Alg. (EA) Subscore Area
_______
(27)
Inter. Alg./Coord. Geo. (AG) Subscore Area
_______
(19)
Plane Geo./Trig. (GT) Subscore Area
_______
(14)
Total Number Correct for Math Test
(EA + AG + GT)
_______
(60)
*EA = Pre-Algebra/Elementary Algebra
AG = Intermediate Algebra/Coordinate Geometry
GT = Plane Geometry/Trigonometry
57
1572CPRE
Test 3: Reading—Scoring Key
Key
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
A
J
C
H
B
J
A
H
B
J
A
J
C
J
B
H
B
F
D
F
Subscore
Area*
SS
AL
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
Test 4: Science—Scoring Key
Key
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
A
G
D
J
C
G
C
J
C
G
A
G
A
J
D
H
B
J
A
H
Subscore
Area*
SS
AL
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
Number Correct (Raw Score) for:
Social Studies/Sciences (SS)
Subscore Area
_______
(20)
Arts/Literature (AL) Subscore Area
_______
(20)
C
G
D
G
C
F
A
F
D
J
C
F
B
F
C
F
B
H
B
J
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
D
F
B
J
B
H
A
J
C
F
B
G
D
J
A
H
B
F
D
J
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
Number Correct (Raw Score) for:
Total Number Correct for Science Test _______
(40)
1572CPRE
Total Number Correct for Reading Test _______
(SS + AL)
(40)
*SS = Social Studies/Sciences
AL = Arts/Literature
Key
Key
1572CPRE
58
TABLE 1
Explanation of Procedures Used to Obtain Scale Scores from Raw Scores
On each of the four multiple-choice tests on which you
marked any responses, the total number of correct
responses yields a raw score. Use the table below to convert
your raw scores to scale scores. For each test, locate and
circle your raw score or the range of raw scores that includes
it in the table below. Then, read across to either outside
column of the table and circle the scale score that
corresponds to that raw score. As you determine your scale
scores, enter them in the blanks provided on the right. The
highest possible scale score for each test is 36. The lowest
possible scale score for any test on which you marked any
responses is 1.
ACT Test 1572CPRE
Next, compute the Composite score by averaging the four
scale scores. To do this, add your four scale scores and
divide the sum by 4. If the resulting number ends in a
fraction, round it to the nearest whole number. (Round down
any fraction less than one-half; round up any fraction that is
one-half or more.) Enter this number in the blank. This is your
Composite score. The highest possible Composite score is
36. The lowest possible Composite score is 1.
Your Scale Score
English
________
Mathematics
________
Reading
________
Science
________
Sum of scores
________
Composite score (sum ÷ 4)
________
Writing
________
NOTE: If you left a test completely blank and marked no
items, do not list a scale score for that test. If any test was
completely blank, do not calculate a Composite score.
To calculate your writing score, use the rubric on
pages 61–62.
Raw Scores
Scale
Score
Test 1
English
Test 2
Mathematics
Test 3
Reading
Test 4
Science
Writing
Scale
Score
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
75
72-74
71
70
68-69
67
66
65
63-64
62
60-61
58-59
56-57
53-55
51-52
48-50
45-47
43-44
41-42
39-40
36-38
32-35
29-31
27-28
25-26
23-24
20-22
18-19
15-17
12-14
10-11
8-9
6-7
4-5
2-3
0-1
60
58-59
57
55-56
54
52-53
50-51
48-49
45-47
43-44
40-42
38-39
36-37
34-35
32-33
30-31
29
27-28
24-26
21-23
17-20
13-16
11-12
08-10
7
5-6
4
—
3
—
2
—
1
—
—
0
40
39
38
37
35-36
34
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
25-26
24
22-23
21
19-20
18
17
15-16
14
12-13
11
09-10
8
6-7
—
5
4
3
—
2
—
1
0
40
39
38
37
—
36
35
34
33
32
30-31
28-29
26-27
24-25
22-23
21
19-20
17-18
16
14-15
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
5-6
—
4
3
2
—
1
—
0
47-48
46
44-45
42-43
41
40
38-39
37
35-36
34
33
32
31
29-30
28
26-27
25
24
23
21-22
20
—
18-19
17
16
—
14-15
13
12
—
10-11
9
—
—
—
8
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
1572CPRE
59
60
38-40
36-37
35
33-34
32
31
29-30
27-28
25-26
23-24
20-22
18-19
16-17
13-15
10-12
8-9
5-7
0-4
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
1572CPRE
Usage/
Mechanics
Scale
Subscore
35
34
32-33
31
29-30
27-28
25-26
22-24
20-21
17-19
15-16
13-14
11-12
09-10
7-8
5-6
2-4
0-1
Rhetorical
Skills
Test 1 English
26-27
24-25
22-23
21
20
18-19
17
15-16
14
13
11-12
08-10
6-7
5
3-4
2
1
0
Pre-Algebra/
Elem. Algebra
19
18
17
15-16
14
12-13
10-11
9
7-8
6
4-5
—
3
2
1
—
—
0
Algebra/
Coord. Geometry
Test 2 Mathematics
Raw Scores
If you left a test completely blank and marked no responses, do not list
any scale subscores for that test.
For each of the seven subscore areas, the total number of correct
responses yields a raw score. Use the table below to convert your raw
scores to scale subscores. For each of the seven subscore areas,
locate and circle either the raw score or the range of raw scores that
includes it in the table below. Then, read across to either outside
column of the table and circle the scale subscore that corresponds to
that raw score. As you determine your scale subscores, enter them in
the blanks provided on the right. The highest possible scale subscore
is 18. The lowest possible scale subscore is 1.
Explanation of Procedures Used to Obtain
Scale Subscores from Raw Scores
TABLE 2
________
Rhetorical Skills
________
________
Algebra/Coord. Geometry
Plane Geometry/Trigonometry
14
—
12-13
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
—
1
—
—
0
20
19
17-18
16
15
13-14
12
11
09-10
8
7
5-6
4
3
2
—
1
0
Plane Geometry/ Social Studies/
Trigonometry
Sciences
19-20
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
6-7
5
3-4
2
1
0
Arts/
Literature
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Scale
Subscore
________
Arts/Literature
Test 3 Reading
________
Social Studies/Sciences
Reading
________
Pre-Algebra/Elementary Algebra
Mathematics
________
Your Scale Subscore
Usage/Mechanics
English
ACT Test 1572CPRE
How to Score the Writing Test
Scoring Rubric (below)
The rubric presents the standards by which your essay will be
evaluated. Readers will use this rubric to assign your essay
four unique scores, one per writing domain. To score your
essay, determine which scorepoint, in each domain, best
describes the features of your writing. Because each domain
receives its own score, the four scores you assign need not be
identical. For example, you may find that your essay exhibits
stronger skill in organization than in the development of ideas.
In this case, you may determine that your essay should
receive a higher score in Organization than in Development
and Support.
It is difficult to be objective about one’s own work. However,
it is to your advantage to read your own writing critically, as
doing so can help you grow as a writer and as a reader. It may
also be helpful for you to give your practice essay to another
reader, such as a classmate, parent, or teacher. To rate your
essay, you and your reader(s) should review the guidelines
and sample essays at www.actstudent.org and then use the
scoring rubric below to assign your practice essay a score of
1 (low) through 6 (high) in each of the four writing domains
(Ideas and Analysis, Development and Support, Organization,
Language Use).
The ACT Writing Test Scoring Rubric
Score 6:
Responses at
this scorepoint
demonstrate
effective skill
in writing an
argumentative
essay.
Score 5:
Responses at
this scorepoint
demonstrate
well-developed
skill in
writing an
argumentative
essay.
Score 4:
Responses at
this scorepoint
demonstrate
adequate skill
in writing an
argumentative
essay.
Ideas and Analysis
Development and Support
Organization
Language Use
The writer generates an
argument that critically
engages with multiple
perspectives on the given
issue. The argument’s
thesis reflects nuance and
precision in thought and
purpose. The argument
establishes and employs an
insightful context for
analysis of the issue and its
perspectives. The analysis
examines implications,
complexities and tensions,
and/or underlying values
and assumptions.
Development of ideas and
support for claims deepen
insight and broaden
context. An integrated line
of skillful reasoning and
illustration effectively
conveys the significance of
the argument. Qualifications
and complications enrich
and bolster ideas and
analysis.
The response exhibits a
skillful organizational
strategy. The response is
unified by a controlling idea
or purpose, and a logical
progression of ideas
increases the effectiveness
of the writer’s argument.
Transitions between and
within paragraphs
strengthen the relationships
among ideas.
The use of language
enhances the argument.
Word choice is skillful and
precise. Sentence
structures are consistently
varied and clear. Stylistic
and register choices,
including voice and tone,
are strategic and effective.
While a few minor errors in
grammar, usage, and
mechanics may be present,
they do not impede
understanding.
The writer generates an
argument that productively
engages with multiple
perspectives on the given
issue. The argument’s
thesis reflects precision in
thought and purpose. The
argument establishes and
employs a thoughtful
context for analysis of the
issue and its perspectives.
The analysis addresses
implications, complexities
and tensions, and/or
underlying values and
assumptions.
Development of ideas and
support for claims deepen
understanding. A mostly
integrated line of purposeful
reasoning and illustration
capably conveys the
significance of the
argument. Qualifications
and complications enrich
ideas and analysis.
The response exhibits a
productive organizational
strategy. The response is
mostly unified by a
controlling idea or purpose,
and a logical sequencing of
ideas contributes to the
effectiveness of the
argument. Transitions
between and within
paragraphs consistently
clarify the relationships
among ideas.
The use of language works
in service of the argument.
Word choice is precise.
Sentence structures are
clear and varied often.
Stylistic and register
choices, including voice
and tone, are purposeful
and productive. While minor
errors in grammar, usage,
and mechanics may be
present, they do not impede
understanding.
The writer generates an
argument that engages with
multiple perspectives on the
given issue. The argument’s
thesis reflects clarity in
thought and purpose. The
argument establishes and
employs a relevant context
for analysis of the issue and
its perspectives. The
analysis recognizes
implications, complexities
and tensions, and/or
underlying values and
assumptions.
Development of ideas and
support for claims clarify
meaning and purpose.
Lines of clear reasoning
and illustration adequately
convey the significance of
the argument. Qualifications
and complications extend
ideas and analysis.
The response exhibits a
clear organizational
strategy. The overall shape
of the response reflects an
emergent controlling idea or
purpose. Ideas are logically
grouped and sequenced.
Transitions between and
within paragraphs clarify
the relationships among
ideas.
The use of language
conveys the argument with
clarity. Word choice is
adequate and sometimes
precise. Sentence
structures are clear and
demonstrate some variety.
Stylistic and register
choices, including voice
and tone, are appropriate
for the rhetorical purpose.
While errors in grammar,
usage, and mechanics are
present, they rarely impede
understanding.
61
The ACT Writing Test Scoring Rubric
Score 3:
Responses at
this scorepoint
demonstrate
some
developing skill
in writing an
argumentative
essay.
Score 2:
Responses at
this scorepoint
demonstrate
weak or
inconsistent
skill in
writing an
argumentative
essay.
Score 1:
Responses at
this scorepoint
demonstrate
little or no skill
in writing an
argumentative
essay.
Ideas and Analysis
Development and Support
Organization
Language Use
The writer generates an
argument that responds to
multiple perspectives on the
given issue. The argument’s
thesis reflects some clarity
in thought and purpose.
The argument establishes a
limited or tangential context
for analysis of the issue and
its perspectives. Analysis is
simplistic or somewhat
unclear.
Development of ideas and
support for claims are
mostly relevant but are
overly general or simplistic.
Reasoning and illustration
largely clarify the argument
but may be somewhat
repetitious or imprecise.
The response exhibits a
basic organizational
structure. The response
largely coheres, with most
ideas logically grouped.
Transitions between and
within paragraphs
sometimes clarify the
relationships among ideas.
The use of language is
basic and only somewhat
clear. Word choice is
general and occasionally
imprecise. Sentence
structures are usually clear
but show little variety.
Stylistic and register
choices, including voice
and tone, are not always
appropriate for the
rhetorical purpose.
Distracting errors in
grammar, usage, and
mechanics may be present,
but they generally do not
impede understanding.
The writer generates an
argument that weakly
responds to multiple
perspectives on the given
issue. The argument’s
thesis, if evident, reflects
little clarity in thought and
purpose. Attempts at
analysis are incomplete,
largely irrelevant, or consist
primarily of restatement of
the issue and its
perspectives.
Development of ideas and
support for claims are
weak, confused, or
disjointed. Reasoning and
illustration are inadequate,
illogical, or circular, and fail
to fully clarify the argument.
The response exhibits a
rudimentary organizational
structure. Grouping of ideas
is inconsistent and often
unclear. Transitions
between and within
paragraphs are misleading
or poorly formed.
The use of language is
inconsistent and often
unclear. Word choice is
rudimentary and frequently
imprecise. Sentence
structures are sometimes
unclear. Stylistic and
register choices, including
voice and tone, are
inconsistent and are not
always appropriate for the
rhetorical purpose.
Distracting errors in
grammar, usage, and
mechanics are present, and
they sometimes impede
understanding.
The writer fails to generate
an argument that responds
intelligibly to the task. The
writer’s intentions are
difficult to discern. Attempts
at analysis are unclear or
irrelevant.
Ideas lack development,
and claims lack support.
Reasoning and illustration
are unclear, incoherent, or
largely absent.
The response does not
exhibit an organizational
structure. There is little
grouping of ideas. When
present, transitional devices
fail to connect ideas.
The use of language fails
to demonstrate skill in
responding to the task.
Word choice is imprecise
and often difficult to
comprehend. Sentence
structures are often unclear.
Stylistic and register
choices are difficult to
identify. Errors in grammar,
usage, and mechanics are
pervasive and often impede
understanding.
Calculating Your Writing Subject Score
Complete these steps to calculate your Writing Subject Score (1–36 scale).
1. Locate the four domain scores (1–6) and enter them in the first column below. Double each score and enter in the Domain
Score column to the right.
Domain
Score
Ideas and Analysis
____
x2=
____
Development and Support
____
x2=
____
Organization
____
x2=
____
Language Use and Conventions
____
x2=
____
2. Enter the sum of the second-column scores here ______. This is your raw score (value between 8 and 48).
3. Use Table 1 on page 59 to find the scaled Writing Subject Score that corresponds to your raw score.
62
You may wish to remove this sample answer document from the booklet to use in a practice test session for the four multiple-choice tests.
© 2015 by ACT, Inc. All rights reserved.
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011 215 160 Rev 1
The ACT 2015–2016 Answer Sheet (No Writing)
®
A
B
MATCH
NAME
(First 5 letters
of last name)
NAME, MAILING ADDRESS, AND TELEPHONE
(Please print.)
Last Name
First Name
State/Province
ZIP/Postal Code
/
Area Code
Number
Country
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the MATCHING INFORMATION on your ticket. Enter it EXACTLY
the same way, even if any of the information is missing or
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these blocks to match your previous information EXACTLY, your
scores will be delayed up to 8 weeks.
Cut Here
Here
Cut
Do NOT
mark in
this shaded
area.
D
MATCH NUMBER
\\\\\
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DATE OF
BIRTH
Month
MI (Middle Initial)
House Number & Street (Apt. No.); or PO Box & No.; or RR & No.
City
C
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USE A SOFT LEAD NO. 2 PENCIL ONLY.
(Do NOT use a mechanical pencil, ink, ballpoint, correction fluid, or felt-tip pen.)
»
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PAGE 2
BOOKLET NUMBER
Marking Directions: Mark only one oval for
each question. Fill in response completely.
Erase errors cleanly without smudging.
Correct mark: \\\\
Do NOT use these incorrect or bad marks.
Incorrect marks: \\\\
Overlapping mark: \\\\
Cross-out mark: \\\\
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FORM
BE SURE TO FILL IN THE CORRECT FORM OVAL.
64F
\ PRE
\ 68E
\ 69C
Print your
\ 69E
3-character
\ 70D
Test Form in
\ 70E
the boxes
\ 71B
above and
\ 71F
fill in the
corresponding \ 72A
\ 72D
oval at the
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right.
TEST 1
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8\
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9\
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D
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D
21 \
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D
23 \
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D
25 \
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D
27 \
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28 \
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37 \
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40 \
TEST 2
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E
1\
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2\
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E
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6\
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8\
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E
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10 \
TEST 3
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6\
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7\
TEST 4
A \
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D
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D
3\
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D
5\
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6\
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D
7\
ACT STUDENT REVIEW: The test administrator will give you instructions for completing this section.
Student Review: Your responses to these items will assist ACT
and your test center in providing the best possible conditions for
testing and planning for the future. Fill in the oval indicating your
response to each item printed on the back of your test booklet.
Yes
1\
2\
3\
4\
5\
1832
3832
64
No
\
\
\
\
\
Yes
6\
7\
8\
9\
10 \
No
\
\
\
\
\
Yes
11 \
12 \
13 \
14 \
15 \
No
\
\
\
\
\
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