Aphex 1788-R Instruction manual

Aphex 1788-R Instruction manual
R/C
Manual
Companion to the Instruction Manual
IMPORTANT NOTICE
This is a separate remote control manual that was
created to accompany the 1788A Instruction Manual
to deal with remotely controlling the 1788A, use of
the PC and Mac software, and use of the 1788A-R
dedicated hardware remote control unit. Please be
sure to maintain both manuals for reference.
P/N 999-4340 Revision 1 Released 05/12/2005
Manufactured by
Aphex Systems Ltd.
11068 Randall St.
Sun Valley, CA 91352 USA
S Y S T E M S
Copyright 2004 Aphex Systems Ltd. All rights reserved.
Produced by: Donn Werrbach. Creation tool: Adobe InDesign 2.0. Printed by: Stuart F. Cooper Co., Los Angeles.
CONTENTS
1. Overview of R/C (Remote Control) — 3
3.6.2 Rack Mounting — 28
1.1 R/C INTERFACE CONNECTORS — 3
3.6.3 Desktop Mounting — 28
1.2 R/C INTERFACES — 3
3.6.4 AC Line Connection & Power — 28
1.3 CONCEPT OF BANKS & CONSTELLATIONS — 4
3.7 MORE ABOUT USING THE 1788A-R — 29
1.4 HARDWARE R/C — 5
3.7.1 Assigning A Bank — 29
1.5 COMPUTER R/C — 5
3.7.2 Setting Up The MIDI Channel — 29
1.6 COMBINED R/C — 6
3.7.3 Initial Sync — 29
1.7 ABOUT PRESETS — 6
3.7.4 Coexisting with a Software R/C — 30
1.8 WRAP-UP — 8
3.8 MULTIPLE SELECT GROUP BEHAVIOR — 30
2. Using MIDI — 9
4. Building a Proper Network — 31
2.1 DIRECT MIDI CONTROL — 9
4.1 STANDARD PARTS — 31
2.1.1 Determining Channel & Device Numbers — 9
4.2 NETWORKING SPEED — 31
2.1.2 Procedure for Setting The Numbers — 9
4.3 DHCP SERVER — 31
2.1.3 1788A’s Direct MIDI SysEx Strings — 9
4.4 CAT 5/6 WIRING — 31
2.1.4 Understanding Ch, Dev and Net Offsets — 10
4.5 HUBS & SWITCHES — 31
2.1.5 Setting Up The Controller — 10
4.6 SHARING EXISTING LANs — 31
2.1.6 Connections — 11
4.7 SUITABLE HARDWARE — 32
2.1.7 Controlling Multiple 1788A’s — 11
4.8 TYPICAL NETWORK DIAGRAMS — 32
2.1.8 Broad Commands & Presets — 12
5. 1788A Software R/C — 34
2.1.9 Learning a Preset — 12
5.1 COMPUTER PLATFORMS — 34
2.2 INDIRECT MIDI CONTROL — 13
5.2 LOADING THE SOFTWARE — 34
2.2.1 Hardware Hook-up — 14
5.3 STARTING THE SOFTWARE — 34
2.2.2 Control Assertion — 14
5.4 PROGRAM NAVIGATION — 36
2.2.3 Expanding the SysEx String — 15
5.5 WAKING UP THE CONSTELLATION — 36
2.2.4 1788A-R’s Odd MIDI I.D. — 15
5.6 INITIAL STATES — 36
2.2.5 Daisy-Chained 1788A-R’s — 15
5.7 PRESETS — 37
2.2.6 Preset Recall Strategy — 15
5.7.1 Sessions — 37
2.3 MULTIPLE MIDI CONTROLLERS — 16
5.7.2 Loading and Saving Sessions — 37
2.4 CLONING 1788A’s — 16
5.7.3 Creating/Editing Presets — 38
2.5 REFERENCE DATA — 17
5.7.4 Blue EDIT Button — 40
2.5.1 Parametric Codes & Values — 17
5.8 MANIPULATING LOG-ON THUMBSNAILS — 40
2.5.2 Useful Conversion Tables — 18
5.8.1 What Thumbnails Contain — 40
2.5.3 MIDI Control Examples — 19
5.8.2 Thumbnail Actions — 41
3. 1788A-R Hardware R/C Unit (“HRemote”) — 21
5.8.3 Auto-Arrange — 41
3.1 PURPOSE — 21
5.8.4 Removing Unit Thumbs — 41
3.2 FRONT PANEL CONTROLS — 21
5.8.5 Log-On Pages — 42
3.2.1 Unit Select — 21
5.8.6 Log-On Panel Controls — 42
3.2.2 Wake-up — 21
5.9 GROUPING — 42
3.2.3 Status LED’s — 22
5.9.1 Group Controls — 43
3.2.4 Comm LED’s — 22
5.9.2 Group Select Pulldowns — 43
3.2.5 Clip/Limit LED’s — 22
5.9.3 Scope of Groups — 43
3.2.6 Test Tone Buttons — 23
5.10 USING TEST TONES — 43
3.2.7 Control/Display Panel — 24
5.10.1 Launching The Tone Flyout — 43
3.2.8 Preset Manager Panel — 24
5.10.2 Activating Tones in Groups — 43
3.3 SNAPSHOTS & EDITING — 25
5.11 SETTINGS — 44
3.3.1 Live Snapshots — 25
5.12 TUTORIAL — 44
3.3.2 Editing — 25
5.13 SOFTWARE WRAP-UP — 48
3.4 CLONING 1788A-R’s — 26
3.5 POWER UNIT — 27
3.5.1 I/O Located Here — 27
3.5.2 Bank Selector — 27
3.5.3 MIDI Jacks — 27
3.5.4 RJ-45 Ethernet Jack — 28
3.6 INSTALLATION — 28
3.6.1 Interface Cable — 28
Page 2
R/C Manual
1. R/C OVERVIEW
1. Overview of R/C (Remote Control)
Fig. 1-1
R/C Ports on Back of 1788A
MIDI Interface
RS232 port is not used
for remote control by
the 1788A. Used for
updating firmware
only.
Ethernet Interface
1.1 R/C INTERFACE CONNECTORS
Only ONE source of control is accepted. Front panel selection of MIDI or LAN must be
made on each 1788A. The 1788A always wakes up in the last mode used.
1.2 R/C INTERFACES
Control Language: MIDI SysEx
Whether using the 1788A’s Ethernet LAN or MIDI ports, MIDI SysEx (system exclusive)
strings are used for control.
Direct MIDI Control
In the most basic scenario, a wide range of MIDI devices can be used to control one or
more 1788A’s directly through the MIDI interface. For example, you could use a lighting or
sound console to control the 1788A’s channel gains and other functions.
Fig. 1-2. Basic Direct MIDI Control Diagram
MIDI Cable
Peavey PC 1600
MIDI In
MIDI Thru
MIDI In
Yamaha DM2000
One Or More 1788A’s
Digidesign ICON
MIDI Controller Examples
Page 3
Indirect MIDI Control
MIDI controllers can access 1788A’s through the LAN indirectly by interfacing with one or
more 1788A-R’s. A most basic example is illustrated below.
Fig. 1-3. Elementary Indirect MIDI Control
MIDI
Controller
DHCP
Router
MIDI
1788A-R
1788A
Cat 5/6
Ethernet LAN
Many applications call for more sophisticated remote control or control at greater distances
than a MIDI port can handle. The Ethernet port is used to pipe UDP data between 1788A’s
and dedicated hardware and computer-based control surfaces over a Local Area Network
(LAN). Up to 128 1788A’s and 8 R/C units can be accommodated on a single LAN.
REFER to Section 4, “Building A Proper Network” for instructions on network hardware
configuration.
Fig. 1-4. Some Of The Possibilities When Using A LAN
MIDI
Controller(s)
1788A
DHCP
Router
MIDI
1788A
Switch
1788A-R
1788A
1788A
Additional
1788A-R’s
up to 8
Total
1788A
Cat 5/6
1788A
Max 128
1788A’s
PC Software R/C
Max Qty. 1.
1.3 CONCEPT OF BANKS & CONSTELLATIONS
When under LAN connected control, 1788A’s are addressed by their NET NUMBER which
is manually assigned through each preamp’s front panel. This NET number identifies it
as an individual unit and as a member of a BANK. Banks are contiguous Net numbers in
groups of 16 according to the following table:
Table 1-1. Bank Definitions
Bank No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Net Nos.
1-16
17-32
33-48
48-64
65-80
81-96
Page 4
7
8
97-112 113-128
R/C Manual
1. R/C OVERVIEW
A CONSTELLATION refers to the whole array of preamps attached to the same LAN.
It may comprise only one 1788A or up to 128 of them. Preamps may be assigned NET
numbers placing them in different banks even when any given bank is not filled. For
example, you could have up to 16 preamps all within one bank, or assign them variously
to as many as 8 banks. At the other extreme, you could have 128 preamps that occupy 8
fully filled banks. That’s a damned lot of channels (1024).
1.4 HARDWARE R/C
Aphex manufactures a dedicated companion controller unit, the 1788A-R. Each 1788A-R
can control a bank of up to sixteen 1788A’s (equalling 128 microphone channels). Each
1788A-R has MIDI In and Through ports that can be used to extend remote control to
MIDI control devices which will be directed through the 1788A-R to the targeted 1788A’s.
Communications between 1788A-R’s and 1788A’s is exclusively by LAN.
Fig. 1-5. 1788A-R Dedicated Control Surface
NOTE: One 1788A-R can control one of eight assignable banks. Up to eight 1788AR’s can be used to control up to eight banks of 1788A’s.
Direct selection of any 1788A within a bank gives rapid access to all functions through a
control surface that exactly matches the front panel of a 1788A including Group Select
and Test Tones. The 1788A-R also supports Preset Store and Preset Recall within its bank.
Remote control action as well as preset change propagation is fast and reliable.
1.5 COMPUTER R/C
Software developed especially for the 1788A is available for both PC and Mac platforms.
Using a friendly GUI (Graphic User Interface) the software program makes monitoring,
controlling and automating multiple 1788A’s easier in many ways. It is certainly more
economical than using multiple 1788A-R’s for large installations.
Fig. 1-6. Example of a Software Control Panel
Page 5
Preset Management
Software-managed presets are more extensive than using hardware controllers. Individual
channel labels, group labels, and preset naming of up to 128 characters each in file save
mode and 16 characters each in hardware save mode is supported. Preset Recall and Preset
Store is easier to accomplish. Both “save to hardware” and “save to file” are supported.
NOTE: MIDI control is NOT accepted by the PC Software controller, even if the computer
is outfitted with MIDI ports. When a LAN is used, MIDI controllers can gain access to a
bank of 1788A’s only through a 1788A-R unit’s MIDI port.
Wide System View
Enormous numbers of preamps can be displayed in thumbnail form and quickly switched
to the main control area. Thumbnails indicate channel signal levels and flash to indicate if
a channel is clipping to readily alert the operator of problem spots needing attention.
Massive Grouping & Control
Channel grouping of controls can be done across the constellation of 1788A’s, not
just within a single 1788A as with the hardware R/C. Four constellation groups are
supported. This means you can assign any channel of any 1788A preamp to any one of
the four groups. When any channel’s control is changed, all others in that group change
accordingly. If gain is changed, there are two user options: Proportional or Absolute.
If Proportional is selected, grouped gains move proportionally. If Absolute is selected, all
gains snap to the same gain as the channel that was adjusted.
1.6 COMBINED R/C
With minimal restraints, the hardware (1788A-R) and computer based remote control can
co-exist on the same LAN. Any given control source takes priority at the instant it issues a
command. All others that are online will update their references as necessary to reflect the
change. Contention for control is taken care of by the proprietary UDP communications
system. Jam-ups and lost control are prevented even while multiple controllers are busy
making changes. There is no hierarchy of procedure. All controllers are peers.
1.7 ABOUT PRESETS
One of the most useful features available through R/C is the ability to save, edit and recall
up to 60 presets.
Because of the flexibility built into the 1788A and its remote controllers, a distributed
approach was used for storing preset data in hardware.
60 bank-wide presets can be memorized in each 1788A-R. Each of the 60 presets contains
enough data to define the entire state of the each of the 16 positions in the bank. The
preset memory also stores the preset’s given label, the preamp’s given label, and all given
channel labels, (up to 16 characters long each) all of which must be defined through the
PC remote software.
Each 1788A contains its own memory dedicated to storing the current machine state. The
last preset propagated is stored in the 1788A’s memory enabling it to wake up in its prior
state should the preamp become powered down.
NOTE: 1788A-R hardware remote cannot create or display a preset label (only a
number), preamp label, or channel labels.
Page 6
R/C Manual
1. R/C OVERVIEW
Management Extents
Storing and recalling presets can be done only by remote control. Recalling presets can be
done by indirect MIDI as well as by the 1788A-R and the PC software R/C. The extent of
preset management depends on the form of R/C according to the table below.
Table 1-2. Preset Management Extents
MIDI
1788A-R
Software R/C
Capture Constellation
No
No
Yes
Capture Block
No
Yes
No
Recall Constellation
No
No
Yes
Recall Block
Yes
Yes
No
Preset Labeling
N/A
No*
Yes
* Presets are stored by name but displayed by number only (1-60).
Constellation and Bank Capture/Recall
Since one 1788A-R controller can address only one bank, it can only capture the state of
its own bank. This is typically no limitation since it is rare to see more than 16 1788A’s
(which can fit in one bank) in a whole system. That’s 128 mic channels which covers all
but the most elaborate sound installations. One 1788A-R will provide total preset/recall
capability for a one-bank constellation of up to 128 mic channels.
NOTE: Sometimes, for operational convenience, a smaller number of preamps are
assigned by NET numbers to two or more unfilled banks. Therefore, more than one
1788A-R will be installed and assigned to the multiple banks. Banks do not have to be
filled to create a viable constellation.
Hardware Recall
An operator could manually use controls on each 1788A-R to individually recall numbered
presets one by one. When only one 1788A-R is in control of the whole constellation, this
is a simple operation. However, it may be less convenient if more than one 1788A-R is in
use, requiring the operator to manually recall from each R/C unit.
Hardware Capture plus MIDI Recall
In a show control scenario, a MIDI controller can be used to recall presets that are to be
enacted regularly. In that case, it would be connected to the 1788A-R MIDI ports and be
programmed to send a sequence of Preset commands to tell each 1788A-R in turn to
recall a specified preset number. An existing mixing or lighting console or small standalone MIDI controller unit can suit the purpose of automating recalls.
Software Presets
The software R/C running on a PC or Mac integrates all the bank functions universally and
can not only capture a whole constellation snapshot, but also command a constellation
preset change with mouse-click ease. Project management is provided with a file system
for saving and recalling constellation presets, assigning preamp unit and channel labels,
preset labels, and other essential information.
Page 7
The software remote can handle communications with all 1788A’s in the constellation
directly. Even when one or more 1788A-R’s are detected, the software directly transmits
control to all 1788A’s. It also communicates with all 1788A-R’s to keep them synchronized.
This harmony improves remote control reliability and the speed of propagating a preset
change or saving a project to hardware (the 1788A-R’s 60 bin snapshot memory).
1.8 WRAP-UP
R/C of a single 1788A or a large constellation can be as simple or as sophisticated as you
may want. Great flexibility is given in the extent and division of R/C positions. Preamps and
R/C positions can be physically spaced over an Ethernet LAN. PC or Mac software giving
total constellation access and control can be placed at one R/C position. Hardware-based
dedicated controllers have bank controlling ability but not necessarily constellation access.
Up to eight hardware controllers can coexist with one software controller. Up to 60 presets
are hardware and software supported. Bank data for up to 60 presets is stored in the
1788A-R’s for maximum flexibility. File storage of constellation snapshots is supported by
software. Software projects can created and file-saved containing an entire database of
all defined groups, preamp labels, preset labels, and channel labels to the depth of all 60
potential preset definitions. Aphex makes you happy.
Page 8
R/C Manual
2. USING MIDI
2. Using MIDI
2.1 DIRECT MIDI CONTROL
MIDI control can be piped directly to a 1788A’s MIDI Input port from any suitable
controller. Suitable controllers are devices such as mixing or lighting consoles or standalone MIDI controllers that have programmable physical controls such as pushbuttons and
sliders which can send SysEx strings to a MIDI port.
Fig. 2-1. Direct MIDI Control Hook-up
Next
MIDI Out
MIDI Controller
In
Thru
1788A
In
Thru
1788A
2.1.1 Determining Channel & Device Numbers
Channel & Device
You will need to establish channel and device numbers on your 1788A’s. The objective
is to choose channel and device numbers that are not used by any other MIDI devices
connected to the controller’s MIDI output port. If your 1788A constellation is the only
thing on the controller’s output port, then you can take channel 1 for all 1788A’s and give
them each a unique device number. The device numbers don’t need to be sequential or
contiguous, but they need to be unique. You will need to know these numbers in order to
identify which preamp you want to access when programming the MIDI controller later
on, so write down this information when you set up your 1788A’s.
2.1.2 Procedure for Setting The Numbers
1. Place the 1788A in Local control.
2. Press Mode to select MIDI.
3. Press Set I.D. to select Ch. (Channel)
4. Press Adjust/Store. It will light up.
5. Set the displayed number using the Adjust dial.
6. Press Set I.D. to select Dev. (Device)
7. Repeat step 5.
8. Press the Adjust/Store button again. It will store
the new numbers and the button light will go off.
Fig. 2-2. 1788A Control Panel
Ch_01
dn_03
Device
nn_03
Net (Irrelevant with
direct MIDI Control)
NOTE: With direct MIDI control there will be no LAN connection. Therefore the NET
number is irrelevant and can be set to anything.
Refer to section 4.2 of the 1788A Instruction Manual for more information about
setting the Channel, Device, and Net numbers if you are experiencing difficulty.
2.1.3 1788A’s Direct MIDI SysEx Strings
Direct MIDI SysEx strings are exactly the same as the parametric strings used for indirect
MIDI control (described later). When filling in the three bytes in the grayed area, refer to
reference data at the end of this chapter. See figure 2-3.
Page 9
SysEx End
Value
Mic Channel
Command
Net Number
MIDI Device
Aphex MIDI I.D.
MIDI Channel
SysEx Start
Fig. 2-3. 11-Byte Direct MIDI SysEx String
F0 00 00 38 xx xx xx xx xx xx F7
(00h to 0Fh)
Offset by -1 from 1788A
Channel #
(00h to 0Fh)
Offset by -1 from 1788A
Device #.
(00h to 0Fh)
Offset by -1 from 1788A
Net #
See Table
Mic Channel (01-08)
See Table
2.1.4 Understanding Ch, Dev and Net Offsets
Please observe two important facts about MIDI Channel, Device, and Net Numbers.
1. All three are displayed in decimal form on the 1788A and 1788A-R front panels. Ch and
Dev go from 01 to 16 and Net goes from 001 to 128. You will need to convert decimal to
hexadecimal for use in SysEx strings. A handy conversion table is located in this chapter’s
reference data.
2. Channel, Device, and Net numbers in the SysEx strings must be programmed with an
offset of -1 from the numbers that are indicated on the 1788A’s front panel readout. For
example, if the 1788A is set to Ch 01, Dev 02, and Net 003, the SysEx code would look like
00 01 02, not 01 02 03. This may be confusing at first, but you will find it quickly becomes
easy to deal with.
2.1.5 Setting Up The Controller
The method of programming a MIDI control varies from product to product. To successfully
interface a MIDI control surface to 1788A’s, you will need to learn the control surface.
Once you have determined the way to program your controller, you can begin applying
SysEx strings to the controls. We will next illustrate this process by using a general purpose
MIDI controller, the Peavey PC 1600x. You can apply what you learn to any other MIDI
controller with appropriate variations.
Here’s how we’re going to set it up. The MIDI controller will be set up to control the
Input Gains of all eight channels of a 1788A. The pushbuttons under each fader will be
programmed to activate/deactivate the Mutes of each channel.
Fig. 2-4. Example of MIDI R/C Unit
Page 10
R/C Manual
2. USING MIDI
NOTE: We will refer to the Reference Data at the end of this chapter for command
codes used by the 1788A.
When programming each control, use the following setup:
1. Single-byte transmit
2. Faders: string; Buttons: string toggle
3. Fader Limits: 26 to 65
4. Faders: use “pr” in the value byte. This is the PC1600’s code for grabbing the fader’s
value.
5. For this demonstration, we’re using command code 00 for Input Gain and 07 for Mute.
We’re declaring the 1788A is set for Channel 1, Device 1, Net 1.
Now program in the following strings:
Table 2-1. MIDI Strings for Demonstration
Fader 1
Fader 2
Fader 3
Fader 4
Fader 5
Fader 6
Fader 7
Fader 8
string
string
string
string
string
string
string
string
F0
F0
F0
F0
F0
F0
F0
F0
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
38
38
38
38
38
38
38
38
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
pr
pr
pr
pr
pr
pr
pr
pr
F7
F7
F7
F7
F7
F7
F7
F7
Button 1
string 1
string 2
string 1
string 2
string 1
string 2
string 1
string 2
string 1
string 2
string 1
string 2
string 1
string 2
string 1
string 2
F0
F0
F0
F0
F0
F0
F0
F0
F0
F0
F0
F0
F0
F0
F0
F0
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
38
38
38
38
38
38
38
38
38
38
38
38
38
38
38
38
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
07
07
07
07
07
07
07
07
07
07
07
07
07
07
07
07
01
01
02
02
03
03
04
04
05
05
06
06
07
07
08
08
01
00
01
00
01
00
01
00
01
00
01
00
01
00
01
00
F7
F7
F7
F7
F7
F7
F7
F7
F7
F7
F7
F7
F7
F7
F7
F7
Button 2
Button 3
Button 4
Button 5
Button 6
Button 7
Button 8
2.1.6 Connections
Connect a professional MIDI cable from the PC 1600x’s MIDI OUT jack to the 1788A’s MIDI
IN jack.
2.1.7 Controlling Multiple 1788A’s
Additional units can be stacked by connecting the MIDI THRU to the next MIDI IN, and soon. If the added 1788A’s are kept on the same MIDI channel, they must be given different
MIDI device numbers.
The next step would be to program the additional controls on the MIDI controller with
SysEx strings associated with the additional MIDI device numbers. For example, if one
Page 11
additional 1788A is used, the second set of eight faders and buttons of the PC1600 could
be coded exactly like the previous tables, except with the channel and/or device number
changed to match the second 1788A. Remember, in this case, NET number is just a
placeholder and can be anything.
2.1.8 Broad Commands & Presets
It is possible to send many commands within a single SysEx string. This is more efficient than
sending many 11-byte SysEx strings in sequence. By looking at the SysEx string illustration
of figure 2-3, you’ll notice a grayed out area comprising the command, mic channel and
value bytes. By simply repeating these three bytes containing additional commands, mic
channels and values, you can cause the same 1788A to update every function in all mic
channels or any combination. This could be considered a preset “done the hard way”.
Limitation:
You can also use this way to send a single fader or button to multiple mic channels of
the same 1788A. The only limitation is that you can have only one MIDI channel and one
device number per SysEx string. Therefore, this technique can create a preset or broad
command for a single 1788A but not multiple 1788A’s.
Fig. 2-4. Broadening the Command String
F0 00 00 38 xx xx xx
xx xx xx xx xx xx
SysEx End
Value
Mic Channel
Command
Value
Mic Channel
Command
Value
Mic Channel
Command
Net Number
MIDI Device
Aphex MIDI I.D.
MIDI Channel
SysEx Start
Put Up To 64 3-byte Commands Here
xx xx xx F7
NOTE: To effect a massive update of multiple 1788A’s, you’ll need to create a SysEx
string for each unit. They can be concatenated (spliced together end-to-end) to make
one very long string or sent separately.
2.1.9 Learning a Preset
Many MIDI controllers have a Learn mode. This can help you speed up the process of
writing a long SysEx string to use as a preset. 1788A’s have a secondary function that
will send a SysEx dump to the MIDI Out port in the form of a properly formatted string.
Simply place your MIDI controller in Learn Mode, and while it is waiting for a signal, press
both Tone buttons and the Channel 5 button, then release. A SysEx packet containing
every parametric value in the 1788A will be sent. No labels or other superfluous data will
be included. This SysEx string will be learned as the output string for the chosen MIDI
controller’s pushbutton.
You will have to edit the SysEx string to put in the 1788A’s correct MIDI channel and
device bytes, since the numbers that were learned would have been the I.D. of the MIDI
controller itself. Once this is done, you can rapidly return the 1788A to these parameters
just by pushing the MIDI controller button. To implement multiple 1788A’s, you will need
to learn the string from each 1788A into a separate MIDI controller button. To recall a
preset across several 1788A’s, you would press several buttons.
Page 12
R/C Manual
2. USING MIDI
2.2 INDIRECT MIDI CONTROL
If you want to employ a MIDI form of control when the 1788A’s are connected to R/C
units by LAN, direct connection to the 1788A’s MIDI ports cannot be used. This is because
only one R/C medium can be accepted by the 1788A at a time: LAN or MIDI. When LAN
is selected, the 1788A’s MIDI port is disabled. However, we built MIDI capability into the
1788A-R hardware R/C unit to cover this situation.
Fig. 2-5. Indirect MIDI Control Examples
Small System
MIDI
Controller
MIDI Out
DHCP
Router
MIDI In
Cat 5/6
1788A-R
1788A
Larger System
Bank 1
Bank 2
MIDI
Controller
MIDI Out
MIDI In
DHCP
Router
1788A-R
Switch
Switch
Cat 5/6
MIDI Thru
MIDI In
1788A-R
Cat 5/6
Maximum System - 1024 Mic Channels!
MIDI Out
MIDI In
Bank 1
DHCP
Router
Bank 2
Bank 3
Bank 4
MIDI Thru
MIDI In
Switch
Switch
Switch
Switch
MIDI Thru
MIDI In
MIDI Thru
MIDI In
MIDI Thru
MIDI In
Bank 6
Bank 5
Bank 7
Bank 8
MIDI Thru
MIDI In
Switch
Switch
MIDI Thru
MIDI In
MIDI Thru
MIDI In
Page 13
Switch
Switch
2.2.1 Hardware Hook-up
Anything from a single 1788A to a large constellation can be controlled by indirect MIDI
through 1788A-R’s. Figure 2-5 suggests how this is done. The controller’s MIDI OUT is
connected to the first 1788A-R’s MIDI IN. The next 1788A-R’s MIDI IN is connected to the
preceding MIDI THRU, and so on.
2.2.2 Control Assertion
Depending on your needs, there are two control assertions available to MIDI:
1. Parametric control of any mic channel across the constellation.
2. Recall of one of the 60 presets that are stored in the 1788A-R’s memory.
In case 1, you will send one SysEx packet from the MIDI controller. The 1788A-R will then
redirect commands across the LAN according to Net Number within its Bank. Additional
1788A-R’s can be cascaded by using MIDI Thru looping to control more banks. In the
second case, the MIDI Preset Recall commands are shorter, containing only 2 bytes. The
following figure illustrates the composition of the parametric and recall strings.
F0 00 00 38 xx 00 xx xx xx xx F7
Preset Number
MIDI Preset
Command
Code
SysEx End
Value
Mic Channel
SysEx Parametric
Control String
Command
1788A Net Number
Placeholder Only
Aphex MIDI I.D.
1788A-R MIDI Channel
SysEx Start
Fig. 2-6. Two Kinds of Remote Control Assertion
Cx xx
Range C0 to CF
(C0 added to 1788A-R Channel Number -1)
Range 01 to 3C.
Hex Value of Preset Number (0-60).
(00 to 0F)*
Offset by -1 from 1788A-R
Channel Number
(00-0F)
Any Number Works.
The MIDI Preset Call omits the SysEx beginning and
ending bytes. When a byte starting with “C” is seen by
the 1788A-R, it recognizes the preset command. The MIDI
channel I.D. is inferred from the first byte value Cx where x
is the channel number 0h to Fh (1 to 16).
(00 to 0F)*
Offset by -1 from 1788A
Net Number
See Command Table
Mic Channel (01-08)
See Command Table
*See hexadecimal conversion table.
Page 14
R/C Manual
2. USING MIDI
2.2.3 Expanding the SysEx String
Just like direct MIDI control, you can repeat 3-byte commands within the parametric SysEx
string to send multiple commands to a single 1788A as shown by figure 2-7.
F0 00 00 38 xx xx xx
xx xx xx xx xx xx
SysEx End
Value
Mic Channel
Command
Value
Mic Channel
Command
Value
Mic Channel
Put Up To 64 3-byte Commands Here
Command
1788A NET Number
Placeholder1
Aphex MIDI I.D.
1788A-R MIDI Channel
SysEx Start
Fig. 2-7. Expanding the SysEx String
xx xx xx F7
NOTE: You cannot expand the 2-byte MIDI Preset string.
2.2.4 1788A-R’s Odd MIDI I.D.
All 1788A-R units are I.D.’d a little differently than normal MIDI devices or the 1788A’s
direct MIDI port. There is no recognition of the MIDI Device byte, although it must be
present as a placeholder in the SysEx string. Any value may be used. The MIDI Channel is
responded to normally.
Refer to Section 3 to learn how to set up the MIDI Channel on the 1788A-R.
2.2.5 Daisy-Chained 1788A-R’s
When you daisy-chain units by using the MIDI THRU ports, every unit will recognize
the SysEx strings addressed to its MIDI channel. Each unit will analyze the NET Number
contained in parametric strings and redirect any commands falling within its own bank,
ignoring all others. If a 2-byte MIDI Preset command is received, the targeted 1788A-R will
propagate its prescribed preset to its own Bank of 1788A’s.
2.2.6 Preset Recall Strategy
Each 1788A-R is given a different MIDI channel number. MIDI controllers can then
command a preset from any one or combination of 1788A-R’s. Combinations can have
different preset numbers assigned to create complex constellation presets. The MIDI
controller will transmit a series of 2-byte MIDI Preset commands, one to address each
1788A-R.
Refer to Section 3 learn about the 1788A-R’s stored presets and how they are
Page 15
handled.
2.3 MULTIPLE MIDI CONTROLLERS
It should be normally possible to combine SysEx commands from more than one MIDI
controller. However, the 1788A-R does not have facilities for merging. You’ll probably
need a commercially available MIDI merging box to receive the MIDI Outs from the
multiple controllers and pass them to the 1788A-R(s).
2.4 CLONING 1788A’s
Any 1788A can import the parameters and stored labels from another 1788A by crossconnecting their MIDI IN and MIDI OUT ports. This can be the easiest way to replace a
defective unit in a bank (as long as the defective unit is not completely dead, naturally).
Synchronizing Procedure
1. Temporarily cross-connect the MIDI IN and OUT ports as shown in Figure 2-8.
2. Put both units in Local Control.
3. Program both units to the same MIDI Channel and Device numbers.
4. On the unit to be updated (the clone), press both Tone Buttons and the CH 6 Select
button then release. This transmits a dump request to the other unit (original).
The original unit will begin sending it’s parametric and label data to the receiving unit.
The sender will show a series of ten messages in the sender’s display window indicating
the transfer of ten blocks of data. The first eight blocks contains the preamp’s mic channel
labels of 128 characters, the next block contains the sixteen master unit labels of 128
characters each, and the last block contains the complete parametric map.
When the transfer is complete, the clone will update itself to the new parameters and the
panel indicators will align accordingly. The updated unit is now a clone of the original and
will power up with the updated settings.
Figure 2-8. Connecting Two 1788A’s For Cloning
Unit 1
IN
MIDI
OUT
THRU
RS-232
90-260 V~50/60Hz 60 WATTS
LAN
Clone 1
From 2
Clone 2
From 1
MODEL 1788A - 8 Channel Mic Pre
Aphex Systems Sun Valley, CA
IN
MIDI
OUT
THRU
RS-232
90-260 V~50/60Hz 60 WATTS
LAN
MODEL 1788A - 8 Channel Mic Pre
Aphex Systems Sun Valley, CA
Unit 2
Page 16
R/C Manual
2. USING MIDI
2.5 REFERENCE DATA
2.5.1 Parametric Codes & Values
1788A Parametric MIDI Commands
Command
Control
Value Range
00h
Input Gain
1Ah to 41h (26 to 65)
01h
Main Max Out
00h to 1Bh (0 to 27)
02h
Aux Max Out
00h to 1Bh (0 to 27)
03h
Phantom Power
00h = OFF, 01h = ON
04h
Low Cut Filter
00h = OFF, 01h = ON
05h
Limiter (MicLim)
00h = OFF, 01h = ON
06h
Polarity Reverse
00h = OFF, 01h = ON
07h
Mute
00h = OFF, 01h = ON
08h
Pad
00h = OFF, 01h = ON
0Ah
Test Tone -20dB
00h = OFF, 01h = ON
0Bh
Test Tone 0dB
00h = OFF, 01h = ON
17h
Test Tone (alternative method)
00h = OFF, 01h = -20dB, 02h = 0dB
20h
Request Parameter SysEx Dump
01h (required)
56h
Request Extended SysEx Dump
00h (any value placeholder byte)
F0 00 00 38 xx xx xx
xx xx xx xx xx xx
SysEx End
Value
xx xx xx F7
System Exclusive (SysEx) Parametric Control String
Page 17
Mic Channel
Command
Value
Mic Channel
Command
Value
Mic Channel
Command
Net Number
MIDI Device
Aphex MIDI I.D.
MIDI Channel
SysEx Start
Put 1 to 64 3-byte Commands Here
2.5.2 Useful Conversion Tables
General Hexadecimal Conversion Table
Dec
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
Hex
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
0A
0B
0C
0D
0E
0F
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
1A
1B
1C
1D
1E
1F
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
2A
2B
2C
2D
2E
2F
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
3A
3B
3C
3D
3E
3F
Dec
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
Hex
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
4A
4B
4C
4D
4E
4F
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
5A
5B
5C
5D
5E
5F
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
6A
6B
6C
6D
6E
6F
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
7A
7B
7C
7D
7E
7F
Dec
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
Hex
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
8A
8B
8C
8D
8E
8F
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
9A
9B
9C
9D
9E
9F
A0
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
A9
AA
AB
AC
AD
AE
AF
B0
B1
B2
B3
B4
B5
B6
B7
B8
B9
BA
BB
BC
BD
BE
BF
Dec
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
Hex
C0
C1
C2
C3
C4
C5
C6
C7
C8
C9
CA
CB
CC
CD
CE
CF
D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
D8
D9
DA
DB
DC
DD
DE
DF
E0
E1
E2
E3
E4
E5
E6
E7
E8
E9
EA
EB
EC
ED
EE
EF
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
F7
F8
F9
FA
FB
FC
FD
FE
FF
SysEx Channel & Device Translation Table
1788A
1788A-R
Channel
(or Device)
True
Hex
Value
Hex -1
Used For
Parametric
SysEx
Hex -1 + C0
Used For
Preset
SysEx
1
01
00
C0
2
02
01
C1
3
03
02
C2
4
04
03
C3
5
05
04
C4
6
06
05
C5
7
07
06
C6
8
08
07
C7
9
09
08
C8
10
0A
09
C9
11
0B
0A
CA
12
0C
0B
CB
13
0D
0C
CC
14
0E
0D
CD
15
0F
0E
CE
16
10
0F
CF
Page 18
R/C Manual
2. USING MIDI
2.5.3 MIDI Control Examples
Example 1
Direct MIDI. 1788A Ch set to 01, Dev set to 01, Net set to 001.
Set preamp gain to 45dB, mic channel 1
SysEx: F0 00 00 38 00 00 00 00 01 2D F7
Example 2
Direct MIDI. 1788A Ch set to 02, Dev set to 01, Net set to 001.
Set Limiter ON, mic channel 4
SysEx: F0 00 00 38 01 00 00 05 04 01 F7
Example 3
Direct MIDI. 1788A Ch set to 01, Dev set to 01, Net set to 001.
Set preamp gain to 45dB, mic channels 1 thru 8
SysEx: F0 00 00 38 00 00 00 00 01 2D 00 02 2D 00 03 2D 00 04 2D 00 05 2D
00 06 2D 00 07 2D 00 08 2D F7
Example 4
Indirect MIDI. 1788A-R Ch set to 02, 1788A Net set to 002.
Set preamp gain to 45dB, mic channel 1
SysEx: F0 00 00 38 01 00 01 00 01 2D F7
Example 5
Indirect MIDI. 1788A-R Ch set to 02, 1788A Net set to 002.
Set Limiter ON, mic channel 4
SysEx: F0 00 00 38 01 00 01 05 04 01 F7
Example 6
Indirect MIDI. 1788A-R Ch set to 01, 1788A Net set to 001.
Set preamp gain to 45dB, mic channels 1 thru 8
SysEx: F0 00 00 38 00 00 00 00 01 2D 00 02 2D 00 03 2D 00 04 2D 00 05 2D
00 06 2D 00 07 2D 00 07 2D F7
Example 7
Preset Recall to one or more 1788A-R’s. All 1788A-R’s Ch set to 1
Recall preset #1 SysEx: CO 01
Recall preset #2 SysEx: CO 02
Page 19
Example 8
Preset Recall to eight 1788A-R’s. 1788A-R MIDI Channels set 1 to 8
Recall preset #1 SysEx: CO 01 C1 01 C2 01 C3 01 C4 01 C5 01 C6 01 C7 01
Recall preset #2 SysEx: CO 02 C1 02 C2 02 C3 02 C4 02 C5 02 C6 02 C7 02
Example 9
Preset Recall to eight 1788A-R’s. 1788A-R MIDI Channels set 1 to 8 and Banks set 1 to
eight respectively.
This is an example of a complex recall.
Bank 1 preset 1, Bank 2 preset 2, Bank 3 preset 2, Bank 4 preset 4, Bank 5 preset 1, Bank
6 preset 6, Bank 7 preset 42, Bank 8 preset 60
SysEx: CO 01 C1 02 C2 02 C3 04 C4 01 C5 06 C6 2A C7 3C
Example 10
Direct MIDI. 4 1788A’s with MIDI Channels set to 01, Dev set to 01, 02, 03, and 04. Net
set to 001 (this is not important). Looped through MIDI Thru jacks.
Mute all 32 mic channels.
F0 00 00 38 00 00 00 07 01 01 07 02 01 07 03 01 07 04 01 07 05 01 07 06 01 07
07 01 07 08 01 F7 F0 00 00 38 00 01 00 07 01 01 07 02 01 07 03 01 07 04 01 07
05 01 07 06 01 07 07 01 07 08 01 F7 F0 00 00 38 00 02 00 07 01 01 07 02 01 07
03 01 07 04 01 07 05 01 07 06 01 07 07 01 07 08 01 F7 F0 00 00 38 00 03 00 07
01 01 07 02 01 07 03 01 07 04 01 07 05 01 07 06 01 07 07 01 07 08 01 F7
It’s easier to it see this way:
F0 00 00 38 00 [00] 00 [07 01 01] [07 02 01] [07 03 01] [07 04 01] [07 05 01] [07 06 01] [07 07 01] [07 08 01] F7
F0 00 00 38 00 [01] 00 [07 01 01] [07 02 01] [07 03 01] [07 04 01] [07 05 01] [07 06 01] [07 07 01] [07 08 01] F7
F0 00 00 38 00 [02] 00 [07 01 01] [07 02 01] [07 03 01] [07 04 01] [07 05 01] [07 06 01] [07 07 01] [07 08 01] F7
F0 00 00 38 00 [03] 00 [07 01 01] [07 02 01] [07 03 01] [07 04 01] [07 05 01] [07 06 01] [07 07 01] [07 08 01] F7
Un-Mute all 32 mic channels:
F0 00 00 38 00 [00] 00 [07 01 00] [07 02 00] [07 03 00] [07 04 00] [07 05 00] [07 06 00] [07 07 00] [07 08 00] F7
F0 00 00 38 00 [01] 00 [07 01 00] [07 02 00] [07 03 00] [07 04 00] [07 05 00] [07 06 00] [07 07 00] [07 08 00] F7
F0 00 00 38 00 [02] 00 [07 01 00] [07 02 00] [07 03 00] [07 04 00] [07 05 00] [07 06 00] [07 07 00] [07 08 00] F7
F0 00 00 38 00 [03] 00 [07 01 00] [07 02 00] [07 03 00] [07 04 00] [07 05 00] [07 06 00] [07 07 00] [07 08 00] F7
Summary
We hope the information, references and examples in this chapter will make understanding
MIDI control a lot easier for you. A little time spent studying this material may save you
many hours of frustration and grief later on. Contact Aphex tech support should you run
into any problems we haven’t covered here.
Page 20
R/C Manual
3. 1788A-R HADRWARE REMOTE
3. 1788A-R Hardware R/C Unit (“HRemote”)
3.1 PURPOSE
Although one or more 1788A’s can be remotely controlled by a software program running
on a computer, there are times when a dedicated hardware remote control is preferred.
We engineered the 1788A-R Remote Controller to be easy to use and dependable enough
for mission-critical applications.
Figure 3-1.
Front Panel View
Key Features
• One 1788A-R controls up to 16 1788A’s (one Network Bank) at a time.
• Up to eight 1788A-R’s can be used to control up to 128 1788A’s in 8 Banks.
• That means up to 1024 mic channels!
• Ethernet networking
• MIDI Interface
• Each 1788A-R is bank assignable (1 to 8)
• Fully replicates 1788A controls and indicators
• Holds and manages up to 60 full Bank snapshots
• All presets recallable by MIDI
• MIDI control redirected by 1788A-R to 1788A’s within the network Bank
• Rack-mounted and desktop configurations
• Super-reliable microcontroller based - no PC
• Can share network with one PC (or Mac) software remote controller
3.2 FRONT PANEL CONTROLS
3.2.1 Unit Select
The row of lighted pushbuttons along the top are used to select any one of the 1788A
preamps that comprise the 16-unit Bank. The selected preamp is applied to the Control/
Display Panel area. The selection numbers, 1 through 16, represent Net number groups
referred to as Banks, as described in Chapter 1 of this manual. If a button is selected that
has no corresponding 1788A present in the Bank, then it will simply not respond.
3.2.2 Wake-up
Pressing this button refreshes network communications to all 1788A’s in the Bank. You
can use this button to re-teach the 1788A-R what now exists on the network within the
Page 21
present Bank. It may also be necessary to do a wake-up upon any power-up of the 1788AR.
During wake-up, the Comm indicators will show activity with units that respond to
handshaking. After handshake and during test, Status LED’s will temporarily appear
yellow for all units present and responding. All units that are properly communicating will
develop green Status LED’s. Selections with no corresponding units present will display
blank (dark) Status LED’s.
The wake-up cycle time is about 1 to 8 seconds depending on how many units are on line.
It can be initiated at any time without disrupting the network or causing the preamp units
to malfunction.
3.2.3 Status LED’s
This row of tri-color led’s (red, yellow, green) indicates the status of the R/C link to 1788A’s
Table 3-1. Status LED’s
Color
Action
Wake-up
Preset Load
Green
OK
Loaded, OK
Yellow
Transacting
Mismatch*
Red
Unit Found But
Improper Response
Unit Missing
Dark
No Unit Found
No Unit Present
No Unit Expected
*Explained under 3.2.8
under varying conditions as shown in the following table.
3.2.4 Comm LED’s
These single-color red LED’s show when commands are being sent to each of the sixteen
units. They do not show unit responses.
3.2.5 Clip/Limit LED’s
These single-color red LED’s flash whenever any one or more of the 1788A’s clip or limiter
lights flash. The light is held for a long enough time to hopefully gather the attention of
the operator. The holdover time can be adjusted by a hidden (secondary) function of the
1788A-R.
Changing the Holdover Time
To change the holdover time, press Both
Table 3-2. Clip/Limit LED Holdover Codes
Tone Buttons and the Ch 6 button then
Code
Function
release. This will attach the Adjust dial to
CL01
Hold 1 Second*
CL02
Hold 2 Seconds*
the holdover setup. The preset display
CL03
Hold 4 Seconds*
window will now show CLXX, where
CL04
Hold 8 Seconds*
XX will be from 01 to 05. These codes
CL05
Hold until cleared by pressing
represent various Clip/Limit holdover
any Unit Select button.
options according to the following table.
*If occurs on unselected unit, light holds until selected.
You can change this number by rotating
the Adjust dial. To escape from this control, press CH 6 again.
Page 22
R/C Manual
3. 1788A-R HADRWARE REMOTE
Figure 3-2. 1788A-R Front Panel at a Glance
1
2
3
4
6
5
7
1. Clip/Limit LED’s: Show when any channel of the 1788A
is clipping or limiting. Serves as an alarm when possible gain
correction is needed.
2. Unit Select Buttons: Allow instant selection of one of 16
preamps in the bank for display and control.
3. Status LED’s: Indicate with 3 colors the condition of
communications with 1788A’s.
4. Comm LED’s: Indicate data passing between 1788A-R and
1788A.
8
5. Comm Test: Re-teaches the 1788A-R what 1788A’s in
networked in the present bank. Tests communications.
6. Control/Display Panel: Duplicates a 1788A’s set of channel
controls.
7.Preset Manager Panel: Stores and recalls 60 snapshots of
all preamps present in the bank.
8. Test Tone Panel: Duplicates the same buttons on the selected
1788A. Provides similar primary and secondary functions.
3.2.6 Test Tone Buttons
These buttons serve the same purpose as those on a 1788A. You can put up a -20dB or
0dB tone on any channel of the unit that is selected.
Putting Up a Test Tone
While holding down either the -20dB or 0dB Tone button, press any Channel Select
button. The chosen tone level will be sent from that channel’s audio outputs (analog and
digital). You can’t group-select tones, but you can sequentially press Channel Selects to
run up more channels while holding down the Tone button.
To defeat the tone, press either Tone button again. The tone(s) will instantly (but
clicklessly) revert back to the mic inputs.
Secondary Functions
The Tone buttons also serve to provide secondary (hidden) functions like display brightness
control, display of the firmware version, and Clip/Limit light holdover time. Table 3-3
shows the secondary functions.
Table 3-3. Secondary Functions of Tone Buttons
Press
Function
Range
Both Tone Buttons Plus
Ch 4
Clone 1788A-R’s
n/a
Ch 5
Set MIDI Channel
1 to 16
Ch 6
Clp/Limit LED Holdover Time 5 Levels (CL01 to CL05)
Ch 7
Display Brightness
5 Levels (d_01 to d_05)
Ch 8
Firmware Version
Current Value
Page 23
3.2.7 Control/Display Panel
This area of the 1788A-R’s front panel replicates the 1788A’s local control and display
panel. It gives you the exact look of the selected 1788A’s function status lights and meters.
Metering data streamed back from the selected 1788A is displayed on the bargraphs
approximately in real time. Because of high speed networking, indicator latency is
minimal.
Taking Control
To control a specific mic channel, press its Channel Select button. All functions are now
controllable by the 1788A-R’s panel controls. You can choose Multiple Select and press
any combination of Channel Select buttons to add to or remove from the group. All
grouped channels will now come under influence of the controls.
Refer to the 1788A Instruction manual for more information about group behavior of
the Gain controls.
3.2.8 Preset Manager Panel
The handling of presets has been made very simple and intuitive for the
1788A-R. Basically, you can take a snapshot of the bank of 1788A’s and
store it into a bin. You can lock the bin to protect it from alteration or loss,
and you can edit the bin. Finally, you can recall a preset and “Load” it out
to all 1788A’s in the Bank.
Selection of a storage bin is made by the Select dial. Turning this dial
changes the number seen in the right half of the numeric LED display
window. To recall the selected preset bin, updating all 1788A’s in the Bank, simply press
the Load button.
Snapshots
Taking a snapshot is our vernacular for capturing a preset. Snapshots are of the whole
Bank as it is defined at that moment. In other words, if only three 1788A’s are placed in
the 1788A-R’s Bank, then only the three preamps will be snapped.
Protection
When you dial up snapshot numbers, the “Protect” LED will tell you if it has been
protected. If so, you cannot erase or overwrite it. You can recall and edit it but it will have
to be saved to an unprotected bin. You can protect and unprotect any snapshot using the
Protect/Unprotect button.
Erasing/Emptying
Snapshot bins do not have to be empty before they can take another snapshot. They
can be overwritten. However, to get rid of junk or obsolete presets, you can erase them
so they will be read as “empty”. This makes for better housekeeping. Any unprotected
snapshot can be emptied by pressing the Erase button once. Empty bins are indicated by
the “Empty” LED.
Loading a Snapshot
This is our vernacular for recalling a preset. Any selected snapshot, whether protected or
not, can be Loaded to the bank of 1788A’s. Simply select the snapshot number in the right
side of the window labeled “Next”, and press the Load button. When the snapshot is
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3. 1788A-R HADRWARE REMOTE
finished loading, the number will be updated in the left side of the window labeled “Last
Sent”.
Mismatch Errors
When you load (recall) a snapshot into the bank of 1788A’s, the 1788A-R will know if the
bank has unit discrepancies and flash a yellow “Mismatch” alarm on any missing 1788A’s
in the bank that were included in the snapshot, or any 1788A’s present that were not
there when the snapshot was taken. If a connected 1788A is extra, outside the scope of
the preset, its Status light will be green blinking to yellow. If any 1788A is missing from
the scope of the snapshot, its Status light will be red or black blinking to yellow. Turning
the Preset Select knob will re-display all mismatches if they have been cleared. Mismatches
indications will be cleared by doing a Wake-up or pressing any Unit Select button.
Edit Mode
The editor is principally used to create hand-made presets with or without any 1788A’s
present. This will be your theoretical preset as you determine you want it. It won’t be a
snapshot of actual working preamps.
NOTE: This also a useful way to examine existing presets without propagating them.
3.3 SNAPSHOTS & EDITING
3.3.1 Live Snapshots
At any time, the present state of all the units in the present Bank can be captured into a
preset bin. Presumably, as you perfect your preamp settings scene-by-scene, or show-byshow, you will want to create and update presets to be able to reproduce these settings
on demand. You may also just want to save some simple setups to deal with typical
conditions. For example, you might want to have a preset to mute all mics across the Bank,
and then one to unmute them all. Whatever the case, taking a snapshot is the easiest way
to make presets.
How to Take a Live Snapshot
1. Select a desired preset bin (snapshot number, 1-60) by turning the Select dial. It
will appear in the right-hand window. If it is protected, unprotect it or choose another
number. It does not have to be empty to take a new snapshot. The old data will all be
erased automatically.
2. When you are ready to capture the operating parameters of the present Bank, press
Snapshot. The bin will now be stored.
3. If you are satisfied with the snapshot, you should now Protect it.
3.3.2 Editing
Certain characteristics of the remote controller will change in Edit Mode. First, you will
be able to select all sixteen units using the Unit Select buttons even if none are present.
Second, none of your adjustments will be transmitted out to units. The 1788A-R’s controls
will serve only for programming your preset.
When you enter Edit Mode, the selected preset will be loaded into a workspace memory.
You can adjust all the controls and settings for any selected unit. After you have selected
and adjusted the desired units, pressing Snapshot saves a copy of the workspace
Page 25
memory into whatever preset bin is showing in the right-hand window as long as it is
not protected. While in Edit Mode you can select other unprotected preset bins before
pressing Snapshot.
Presets created in Edit Mode are in every way equal to live snapshots. When recalled,
they will expect the same Bank configuration as they were created for. They will display
Mismatch errors like any other snapshot.
Editing Tools
Here are some useful editing tools:
1. DELETE UNIT: Pressing Erase in Edit Mode will delete the presently selected unit from
the temporary workspace. Its Unit Select button will go out.
2. COPY & PASTE: Pressing both TONE buttons and then pressing the Unit Select
of any unit will copy its complete table of settings. While still holding down both tone
buttons, pressing any other Unit Select will paste the data into it. You can continue holding
down the tone buttons and pasting the same data into as many other Unit Selects as you
wish. It’s an easy way to clone a preamp setup.
How to Edit
1. Press the Edit button. It will start blinking. The selected preset will be copied into
workspace memory.
2. Unit Select the first preamp number you want to include.
3. Set all mic channel parameters as you want and then Unit Select the next preamp
number you want to include and continue doing the same until you have completed your
theoretical preset for the Bank.
NOTE: You can use the COPY & PASTE tool in Edit Mode. It can save you some time by
initializing your included preamps. You can still re-select your included units and hand
modify them before taking the snapshot.
4. Select an unprotected snapshot bin 1-60 (in the right-side “Next” window). It doesn’t
have to be empty. All existing contents will be deleted and overwritten.
5. Press Snapshot and the preset will be written into your selected bin.
6. Press Edit again to exit the Edit Mode.
Escaping From Edits
If you are in Edit Mode and you have not yet pressed the Snapshot button, your work will
be deleted just by leaving the Edit Mode.
3.4 CLONING 1788A-R’s
There may come a time when you need to copy all the stored presets from one remote
controller to another. We have provided a relatively easy way to do that through use of the
MIDI ports in a manner similar to cloning 1788A’s (see Section 2.4).
Synchronizing Procedure
1. Temporarily cross-connect the MIDI IN and OUT ports as shown in Figure 3-3.
2. Program both units to MIDI Channel 1 (see section 3.7.2).
3. On the original unit, press both Tone Buttons and the CH 4 Select button then
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3. 1788A-R HADRWARE REMOTE
release. This transmits a dump to the other unit (the clone).
The original unit will begin sending it’s parametric and label data to the receiving unit.
When the transfer is complete, the clone will update itself to the new parameters and the
panel indicators will align accordingly. The updated unit is now a clone of the original
presets. Incidentals like the 1788A-R’s display brightness won’t be transferred.
Figure 3-3. Connecting Two 1788A-R’s for Cloning
3.5 POWER UNIT
The 1788A-R is a two-piece assembly with a Control Unit and a Power Unit. The power
unit can be separated by a short distance if the Control Unit is to be desk mounted. When
the 1788A-R is rack mounted, the Power Unit should be bolted directly onto the back of
the Control Unit.
Figure 3-4. 1788A-R Power Unit
1
2
5
3
1. Bank Selector: Assigns the 1788A-R to one of 8 NET
Number Banks.
2. Interconnect: Connects to the 1788A-R Control Unit.
Uses standard straight-thru 25-pin D-Sub printer cable.
3. RS-232 Port: Used only for downloading firmware into
the unit. Not used for remote control.
4. Lan Connector: 10/100 Base-T Ethernet port connects
to LAN.
5. Power Input: 85-265V~/50-60Hz.
6. Power Switch
7. MIDI Interface: Used for indirect MIDI control.
4
6
7
3.5.1 I/O Located Here
The Power Unit contains not only the power supply, but also the Ethernet and MIDI
interface connectors and the bank assignment selector.
3.5.2 Bank Selector
Each 1788A-R is assigned to a bank of NET numbers by a switch located on the rear of the
Power Unit. The switch position is indicated by an adjacent LED numeric readout.
Table 3-4. Bank Definitions
Bank No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Net Nos.
1-16
17-32
33-48
48-64
65-80
81-96
3.5.3 MIDI Jacks
MIDI IN, OUT and THRU are supported.
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7
8
97-112 113-128
Refer to Section 2 of this manual for full coverage of applying MIDI control to the
1788A-R.
3.5.4 RJ-45 Ethernet Jack
This is the exclusive portal for piping remote control to 1788A’s. It must be connected to a
proper 10 or 100 Base-T LAN structure that has a DHCP server or router. Details of proper
network construction are covered in Section 4 of this manual.
3.6 INSTALLATION
The Model 1788A-R occupies three rack spaces (135mm or 5-1/4 inches) of a standard
EIA equipment rack.
3.6.1 Interface Cable
The Power Unit and Control Unit are connected together through a standard 25-pin DSub straight-through printer cable. The length of this cable should be less than 6.5 feet
(2 meters) to prevent power loss. Use only shielded cables.
3.6.2 Rack Mounting
When rack mounting, use appropriate cushioned rack screws with the supplied rack ear
adapters. Never restrict air flow through the device’s vents. When installing the units into
a rack, distribute the units evenly. Otherwise, hazardous conditions may be created by
an uneven weight distribution. Connect the unit only to a properly rated supply circuit.
Reliable earthing (grounding) of rack mounted equipment should be maintained. Try not
to position the 1788A-R directly above devices that generate excessive heat such as power
amplifiers (unless adequately ventilated).
Figure 3-5. Rack Mounted Configuration
The Power Unit should be bolted directly to the back of the Control Unit using furnished
UNC 6-32 x 1/4 inch screws. Both units’ 25-pin D-Sub connectors should be connected
together using the supplied short-length cable.
3.6.3 Desktop Mounting
The Power Unit may be remotely located to permit the Control Unit to lay flat on a
desktop. For this purpose, a second D-Sub side-facing connector is provided for flat cable
entry. It’s a good idea to place non-slip adhesive rubber feet on the Control Unit’s underside. The Power unit may be mounted under the desk or on a sidewall. Make sure not to
block the air vents.
3.6.4 AC Line Connection & Power
Use only a power cord that carries approvals for use in your location. The 1788A-R’s
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3. 1788A-R HADRWARE REMOTE
internal power supply is designed to operate from all nominal power sources from 85
to 265 volts a.c. at 50/60Hz without requiring the user to change any settings. In case
of failure, do not attempt to change the internal fuse because it will never blow unless
the power supply fails catastrophically. The power supply will need to be serviced by a
competent service technician in such a case.
Figure 3-6. Desktop Configuration
3.7 MORE ABOUT USING THE 1788A-R
3.7.1 Assigning A Bank
All 1788A-R’s must be assigned to a NET Number bank. This is done by a rotary switch
on the Power Unit (see Fig. 3-5). Banks from 1 to 8 can be selected. Multiple units should
never be assigned the same Bank number.
3.7.2 Setting Up The MIDI Channel
If you intend to use a MIDI controller with 1788A-R’s, then you need to set up their MIDI
Channels. This is done by use of a secondary function of the Tone Buttons.
1. Press both Tone buttons and Channel 5 and release. The Adjust dial will be
transferred to the MIDI channel.
2. Spin the Adjust dial until the desired channel number is seen in the display window.
3. When done, press one of the Tone buttons to escape.
You can check the channel number by the above procedure without turning the Adjust
dial.
NOTE: See Section 2.2.6 relating remote control strategies to the setting of the MIDI
Channel numbers.
3.7.3 Initial Sync
When 1788A’s and 1788A-R’s are powered up while connected to a network, or plugged
into a network when they do not have an IP address yet assigned, they will communicate
with the DHCP Router and receive unique IP addresses automatically. Only when a unit has
a unique IP address can it become active on the network. This will take place quite rapidly.
The 1788A-R will automatically begin receiving meter data from preamplifiers and will
sort out their IP addresses and Net numbers. All units with NET numbers that fall within
the 1788A-R’s Bank are assigned to the Unit Select buttons that coordinate with each Net
number.
Page 29
Sometimes, depending on when the remote controller and preamplifiers received their IP
addresses, it may be necessary to use the Wake-up function to get the controller attached
to all preamps in its bank and clear all red lights. This is a good practice just to assure full
synchronization of the constellation some time after all units have been powered up.
NOTE: Avoid giving more than one 1788A the same NET number. It will cause network
errors and unpredictable results.
3.7.4 Coexisting with a Software R/C
One PC or Mac computer running Aphex 1788A R/C software can operate in concert with
up to eight 1788A-R’s. Read Section 5 to learn about using the software controller.
3.8 MULTIPLE SELECT GROUP BEHAVIOR
When using Multiple Select to create a group, you will pass certain characteristics to the
controls.
1. All on/off functions will synchronize and follow the control of any individual in the
group. For example, you switch on the PAD of any one channel in the group and all other
PAD’s will also switch on. Any function not deliberately operated will remain in the original
state of member mic channels, however. To make all grouped channels the same, you
need to operate all the on/off controls.
2. Input, Aux, and Main Gain values will remain Relative. Even if you top or bottom
out all the controls, an overscale memory will retain their original relative difference
and when you bring the gains back out of limits, they will regain their relative values. This
is good for maintaining a deliberate mic balance while nudging them all up or down a
certain amount. This characteristic is identical to the Local Control characteristics that are
covered in the 1788A Owner’s Manual.
3. Input, Aux and Main Gain can be group equalized to limits by first Multiple Selecting
a group, running their gains to the upper or lower limit, and turning Multiple Select
button off and on again. Now the overscale memory is erased, and all controls will track
at the same gain as any one of the group that is adjusted.
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4. BUILDING A PROPER NETWORK
4. Building a Proper Network
4.1 STANDARD PARTS
Networks used for remotely controlling 1788A’s are built from standard Ethernet
components such as Routers, Hubs and Switches. Standard CAT5/6 Ethernet cabling is
used throughout.
4.2 NETWORKING SPEED
The network can run at 10 Base-T and 100 Base-T speed. We recommend using 100 Base-T
hardware, especially when the number of preamps and controllers exceeds a few units.
4.3 DHCP SERVER
The Aphex 1788A network requires a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol Server (DHCP
Server). This is because IP addresses are not hardware assignable to individuals in the
network constellation. Each IP address must be served up dynamically, on demand. This
greatly simplifies the administration and flexibility of the network in certain ways.
The DHCP Server can be a hardware unit or a computer configured to be a DHCP
Server. Hardware DHCP Servers usually take the form of a DSL Internet Router. These are
inexpensive and reliable. You need not have an Internet connection. In fact, we highly
recommend avoiding it. The Internet Port should just be left open.
Fig. 4-1. Typical DSL Router
(Containing DHCP Server)
Internet
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Important Rules
1. Be sure your DHCP Server has ports 1198 and 1199 available and unlocked.
2. Only one DHCP Server can be allowed to exist on the LAN. If any additional Routers
are attached to the LAN, they must have their DHCP Servers disabled.
4.4 CAT 5/6 WIRING
A 1788A network likes to run clean. No error correction is used, although fault tolerance
is built into the system. Anything less than Cat 5 cable is risking dropped commands.
Standard commercial wire is suitable.
4.5 HUBS & SWITCHES
Unless your system is very small, you will need to gain more Ethernet ports than what
came on your Router. Or, you may need to run one long network line from the Router to a
remote rack of 1788A’s. In that case, we recommend incorporating Switches rather than
Hubs to expand the network. Figure 2-5 shows some examples where Switches are shown
to split out from the Router. Hubs, although cheaper, are not recommended. We have
seen them jam up requiring a complete restart with as few as four 1788A’s.
4.6 SHARING EXISTING LANs
Usually, the Aphex preamps and controllers can share almost any conventional LAN with
certain minimum requirements. First, there must be a DHCP Server on the LAN. Second,
Page 31
if there are any fixed IP addresses on the LAN, the Router has to be programmed to avoid
issuing them to other clients. In other words, there can be no IP address duplications on
the LAN. The DHCP Server (or Router) must have enough IP numbers available to handle all
DHCP clients on the LAN. There cannot be a firewall splitting up any part of the LAN, but
the whole LAN can be inside a firewall. You need to check with your network administrator
to be sure ports 1198 and 1199 are present are unlocked. If unreliable results are obtained,
then your common network might be overburdened. You should then set up a separate
dedicated network for remote control.
4.7 SUITABLE HARDWARE
Purportedly, all networking products are generic. Any brand Router or Switch should
work equally well. We have had little trouble using various name brand networking
products, but in some cases low priced off-brand boxes were unreliable. For that reason,
we recommend using well known equipment brands only. Other than that, you should be
able to mix and match network equipment for a successful network.
NOTE: Passive Hubs don’t work at all with a 1788A LAN. Be sure to use only active
(self powered) Hubs.
4.8 TYPICAL NETWORK DIAGRAMS
Router as Base
This is preferred because it puts the Router (and more importantly its reset button) more
conveniently near the operating position, just in case it goes out of whack. That’s unlikely,
but it’s an imperfect world we live in. Figure 4-2 shows a typical setup using an Internet
Router to form the basis of a network. It is also possible to run a single Cat 5 line from
the Router to one of the Switches, and then connect the other Switches off that Switch.
It should be obvious that you have many options available depending upon the layout of
your 1788A constellation.
NOTE: You would need no switches at all if your Router has enough ports to handle
everything. The main concern would be minimizing the number of Cat 5 runs that
are needed to connect preamps at a remote location. Placing a Switch at the remote
location requires only one Cat 5 run from the Router.
Router As DHCP Server Only
Figure 4-3 shows a network configured whereby the Router plays only a DHCP Server role.
This may sometimes be preferred in order to reduce any latency or slowness due to the
Router’s built-in filtering and firewall features. We have seen no evidence of this being a
problem so far, but as installed systems get quite large, it may become a concern.
NOTE: The Router can be attached to any available port of any Switch in the network.
Summary
Detailed Ethernet theory and practice is far beyond the scope of this chapter, but we have
tried to make it easy for you to understand the basic networking techniques for connecting
a constellation of 1788A’s with their remote controllers. Since all of the preamps, and R/C
units are dynamically identified by the DHCP Server, setting up a working network is very
easy. It’s almost “plug and play”. If you experience problems with networking 1788A’s and
their Remote Controllers, contact Aphex Technical Support for help.
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4. BUILDING A PROPER NETWORK
Figure 4-2. Router As Base Unit
Preferred For Bandwidth
Computer
Usually Acceptable
Computer
DHCP Server/Router
Internet
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
DHCP Server/Router
8
Internet
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Switch Connects Bank of 1788A's
Switch Connects Bank of 1788A's
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
Switch Connects Bank of 1788A's
1788A-R's
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
1
2
1
2
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
1
2
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
1
2
Figure 4-3. Router As DHCP Server Only
DHCP Server/Router
Int 1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Computer
To Any Port
Switch
Switch
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Switch
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Switch
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Switch
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6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
Switch Connects Bank of 1788A's
18
1788A-R's
5
Switch Connects Bank of 1788A's
18
Switch Connects Bank of 1788A's
1
4
Switch Connects Bank of 1788A's
1788A-R's
18
Switch Connects Bank of 1788A's
1
3
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
5. 1788A Software R/C
Expanded R/C facilities are provided by the available Aphex 1788A Remote Control
Program. Similar versions are available for PC and Mac operating systems. The whole
constellation of up to 128 1788A’s can be controlled from one computer screen. The only
limitation is that more than one software remote control cannot be incorporated on a
constellation.
5.1 COMPUTER PLATFORMS
The PC and Mac software versions are based on the same Macromedia® Director™ GUI
(Graphic User Interface). In other words, they look and run the same. Because of Director’s
extreme demand on resources, we recommend closing all other programs when running
the Aphex software.
5.2 LOADING THE SOFTWARE
Place the Install Disk in the CDROM drive and wait for autorun to start. Follow the
instructions that are given.
5.3 STARTING THE SOFTWARE
Double-click the desktop icon to launch the 1788A program. As soon as it loads, you will
see a screen like the one below.
Figure 5-1. Start-Up Screen
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5. 1788A R/C SOFTWARE
Figure 5-2. Persistent Controls
22
1
2
3
4 5 6 7 8 9 10
11 12
13
14
15
21
16
17
18
19
20
1. Unit Identification Window: Shows preamp
name label, operating I.P. address, and unit
number.
12. Tone: Opens the Test Tone select panel.
2. Group Control Panel: Activates groups and
sets relative or absolute control
14. Scroll Bar: Scrolls through log-on pages
13. Preamp Control Panel: Duplicates the
selected 1788A’s local control panel
15. Log-On Panel: Displays logged on preamps
3. Quit: Exits the program
16. On Line Count: Shows how many 1788A’s
are presently logged on
4. Save: Opens the “Save” control panel
5. Load: Opens the “Load” control panel
6. Log On: Opens and closes the Log-On Panel
17. Page Number: Shows which log-on page
you are looking at
7. Detail: Opens and closes the Preamp Control
Panel (13)
18. Clip/Lim Hold Time: Lets you select the
hold time
8. Presets: Opens and closes the Presets Panel
19. Meter Hang: Lets you compensate for
computer processing speed.
9. Data In: Shows/Hides the receive monitor
panel.
10. Data Out: Shows/Hides the transmit
monitor panel
11. Settings: Lets you select the maximum
number of preamps that can be logged on.
20. Meter Decay: Lets you compensate for
computer processing speed.
21. Preset Manager Panel: Handles all preset
functions
22. Master Panel: Other panels dock to this
panel.
Page 35
5.4 PROGRAM NAVIGATION
All principal program controls are persistent and appear on the Master Panel. They perform
specific functions designed to be intuitive. Certain other controls are hidden until you need
them when they can be popped up. We’ll show you all controls and functions by means
of examples as this chapter progresses.
Master Panel
All other panels dock to this panel. When you drag it, all the other panels follow. The
panels cannot be resized.
5.5 WAKING UP THE CONSTELLATION
When a constellation of 1788A’s is powered up, the units automatically handshake with
the DHCP Server. They receive their network IP numbers and stand ready to communicate.
Once all units are ready, the software needs to ascertain what is on the network., and
begin logging on all the units. It is possible that the units will be detected automatically
if the software was started before the constellation was powered up. However, this is not
always dependable. A way to “wake-up” the preamps and hardware remote control units
is provided to obtain an accurate inventory of the constellation at any time. Right-click
the Log-On Panel to pop up the Wake-up options.
Send Wake-up To Preamps
Left-click this icon to wake-up all preamps in the constellation. They will quickly start
populating the Log-On Panel with animated thumbnail images representing each unit that
is found in the order of their IP numbers.
Figure 5-3. Right-Click Wake-up Options
Cancel Wake-up
Closes the pop-up.
Send Wake-up To Controllers
Left-click this icon to wake-up any existing 1788A-R hardware remote controllers (herein
called “HRemotes”) that may be on the network. Nothing will be seen to happen unless
you already have the Save or Load function pressed. In that case, the Preset Panel will be
opened up to see the “HRemote” select buttons. Any HRemotes that are found will have
their flashing red cross-outs deleted.
5.6 INITIAL STATES
When a constellation is powered down at the end of a show, all preamps and remote
controllers remember their states. They will always power back up in the same condition.
That means you don’t have to re-initialize the units unless you need them to be in some
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5. 1788A R/C SOFTWARE
other state than when shut down. In that case, you will need to send out a different
preset to realign the system.
5.7 PRESETS
A great deal of what the software remote control comprises is a sophisticated manager for
the creation and use of presets. The capability of the software goes beyond the hardware
remote controllers.
5.7.1 Sessions
The concept of a “Session” has been introduced to the software remote. It has been pointed
out throughout this manual that there are a total of 60 presets available. HRemotes can
store 60 presets within a single Bank of 16 preamp units. It takes 8 HRemotes to store
all 8 Banks. A Session is a complete package of all 60 presets across all 8 Banks. Only the
software remote has a big enough “picture” of the constellation to deal with a Session
in its entirety. However, if enough HRemotes are present to represent the constellation,
then they can each contain a snapshot of all 60 presets within their own Bank, effectively
storing one complete session among themselves.
Sessions Are Implicit
As soon as the software is running, an ad hoc unnamed Session exists. As soon as you Save
a session, it becomes named and re-usable.
Presets Versus Sessions
A Session comprises a set of all your working Presets in all of your working Banks. It has
the widest possible scope and typically represents your entire show control setup. Multiple
Sessions can be stored to Disk and recalled for different shows, or a single Session can
become your permanent setup.
It is possible just to save and load Presets instead of Sessions. This can be very useful when
you are building your show control setup. Once all your Presets are designed and saved,
then you can save the Session and capture all the presets at once.
Load & Save Options
Whenever you want to load or save, there are three options:
1. Session to/from Disk
2. Preset to/from Disk
3. Session to/from HRemote
Saving to Disk is the most complete image of a Session. That’s because the software can
generate unit, mic channel, group assignments, and preset labels up to 128 characters in
length. The entire data structure with full-length labels can be saved to Disk.
NOTE: HRemotes can store only the first 16 characters of any label. Extra characters
are cut off and lost.
5.7.2 Loading and Saving Sessions
1. Click the LOAD or SAVE button. The Preset Panel will display the appropriate Session
options.
2. Click the option you wish.
3. Close the panel by clicking Cancel/Return.
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If Disk is chosen, you will get a File Save or File Open dialog box in which you can select
or enter a file name. If HRemote is chosen, a message box will indicate success or failure
with an explanation.
Figure 5-4. SAVE and LOAD Options
Be sure to click the Cancel/Return
button when finished with LOAD
or SAVE to close the panels.
Otherwise, you will not be able to
access the Preset Manager Panel
beneath.
New Session clears the board and
opens a new blank session.
NOTE: An HRemote can store only one session. Any previous session will be
overwritten. However, Disk can store any number of separately named session files.
Saving to Multiple HRemotes
If you have more than one HRemote in play, then you will need to save the same Session
or Preset out to each HRemote separately. The Session Panels of Figure 5-4 show only
one HRemote in play because our example has only one Bank in play. This will be typical
of most installations where up to 16 1788A’s (128 mic channels) is more than adequate.
Other potential HRemotes are marked with a red “OFF LINE” strike-out. Your screen will
have as many HRemotes enabled as are present on the network. All will be struck out if no
HRemotes are being used.
5.7.3 Creating/Editing Presets
At the bottom of the Preset Manager Panel are five pushbuttons labeled “EDIT”, “NEW”,
“LOAD”, “SAVE” and “DELETE” as shown above. The LOAD and SAVE buttons serve the
same purpose as the overhead icons labeled the same. Presuming you have not yet loaded
a Session or any Presets, the Preset Manager Panel will be blank. When you load from
either HRemotes or Disk, the panel becomes populated with Presets that can be managed
in various ways. Each preset can be locked to prevent accidental deletion or modification.
Unlocked presets can be deleted or modified then re-saved to the present or a new Session
or to the present or a new Preset name.
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5. 1788A R/C SOFTWARE
NEW Preset
Pressing NEW will create a new Preset “Flag” in the Preset Manager Panel. The flag will
contain a default label called “Preset No. 1 (or 2,3, etc.). This can be replaced by your own
label when you edit the Preset.
Figure 5-5. Preset Flags
Default Name
Editing
Unlocked
New Given Name
Not Editing
New Preset
Locked
Edited Preset
Preset
Flag
SET Changes To SEND
When Not Editing
The new flag’s EDIT button will appear bright yellow indicating you’re in the editing
mode. The blue button will say “SET”. Any time while the EDIT button is bright yellow, you
can wipe over the label and type in your new Preset label. Pressing the SET button will take
a snapshot of all 1788A’s in the constellation including all labels that have been given. The
snapshot will be stored in temporary memory along with the Preset’s given label.
Once you’re finished with editing the Preset, you should click the yellow EDIT button to
change it to gold, taking it out of the editing mode. The blue SET button will change into
a green SEND button. Pressing the SEND button at any time will propagate the preset to
the whole constellation.
NOTE: Presets that are not saved after creation will be lost upon quitting the
application. Remember to save your Session or at least save your Presets before
quitting.
LOCK Button
Unlocked Preset Flags can be dragged and repositioned into any order you wish. Pressing
the dull red LOCK button will turn it bright red and lock the Preset Flag from being
dragable or editable. It will become glued to its present position. You might want to use
this feature once you have arranged the Preset Flags in the order you want them. If the
Session is saved in this state, the Preset Flags will come up locked as you left them when
you re-load the Session.
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DELETE Preset
Pressing DELETE without first selecting a preset will bring up the following warning
message:
Figure 5-6. DELETE Warning
Figure 5-7.
DELETE Confirmation
To Delete a Preset From the Session:
1. Click the gold EDIT button of the preset making it turn bright
yellow;
2. Click DELETE.
3. When the confirmation pop-up appears, click Yes.
5.7.4 Blue EDIT Button
Do not confuse this with the gold EDIT button of the Preset Flags.
Their functions are totally different. The blue EDIT button serves to
allow you to create theoretical Presets without affecting the current
operation of the constellation. In other words, when the EDIT button
is pressed, it disables all controls from sending to their corresponding
1788A’s while you set up your hypothetical presets on the screen.
Figure 5-8.
Blue EDIT Button
When you press EDIT, the blue button will flash letting you know you
are in the mode. The present Session becomes the basis for editing.
Whatever units were logged in will be your foundation. You can
select units and change their settings without actually causing the
1788A’s to change. Once you have created one or more Presets in
this manner, you can save everything to a new Session file.
NOTE: There is no way to add hypothetical logged-in units in EDIT mode. You must
start with an existing constellation that is logged in.
5.8 MANIPULATING LOG-ON THUMBSNAILS
Units that are logged on appear as thumbnail images in the order they are first in contact
with the software. Switch and Router traffic control makes this a random event. They will
come up in different order every time. Unit NET Numbers will be displayed at the bottom
of each thumb. Thumbs can be rearranged by dragging them to a new position. Other
thumbs will be nudged aside automatically.
5.8.1 What Thumbnails Contain
The small square “thumbnail” images (“thumbs” for short) represent 1788A’s that become
logged on in the course of events. Thumbs show a more limited amount of information,
but they are miniature versions of the Preamp Control Panel above. When a thumb is
selected by a mouse click, its 1788A will be transferred to the Controil Panel.
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5. 1788A R/C SOFTWARE
Figure 5-9 shows the information that each square image displays about its associated
1788A.
Figure 5-9. Thumbnail Contents
Clip/Lim Lights
Group Colors by Channel
Unit Label
Headroom Meters
(Muted Chan. Blinks)
NET Number
Unit
Information
Blue Function Button
Changes Unit Information
IP Address
5.8.2 Thumbnail Actions
Several remedies are incidentally available by clicking thumbnails:
1. Left Click sends wake-up to only that unit. This can usually fix a lost connection.
2. Right Click will take a unit out of Local Mode.
5.8.3 Auto-Arrange
Most of the time you will probably want to see the units in order of unit NET Number,
so you can either drag them into the right order or you can press the Auto Arrange
button at the bottom of the Log-On Panel. All units will be re-aligned in their NET Number
order.
5.8.4 Removing Unit Thumbs
There may be a rare case when you need to delete a unit from the Log-On Panel. For
example, a unit may have been removed from service after it had logged on. Removing a
thumbnail is simple.
Figure 5-10. Removing Unit Thumbs
Click Remove
Message
Select &
Right Click
Unit
Disappears
Click Close
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Back To Normal
5.8.5 Log-On Pages
There is space to show sixteen 1788A units on a single page of the Log-On Panel. This will
typically be plenty of units to cover most applications. However, if more units exist in the
constellation, they will spill over to additional pages. Additional pages can be viewed by
using the left or right side scroll buttons.
5.8.6 Log-On Panel Controls
At the lower edge of the panel are several controls and indicators.
On Line Count
Tells you the number of 1788A units logged on.
Page Number
Tells you the Log-On Panel page you are viewing.
Clip/Lim Hold Timer
Lets you set how long the clip/lim lights persist on the thumbnails so you get a chance to
notice them.
Meter Hang
Adjusts the meter delay before fallback. Depending on the speed of your computer this
may help to smooth out the meter displays.
Meter Decay
Helps smooth out meter displays with slower computers. Adjust for the best looking meter
action.
Auto Arrange
Automatically re-arranges the thumbnails in order of their NET Number.
5.9 GROUPING
Use of groups can greatly assist in controlling a constellation. Individual mic channels
of any 1788A unit can be assigned to one of four Groups named Group A, Group B,
Group C and Group D. All four Groups are universal over the constellation. That means
they exist in every unit in every Bank, not just within a certain unit alone. Groups are saved
in both Presets and Sessions. Examples will clarify this for you.
Figure 5-11. Group Controls
Group Control Panel
Group Select Buttons
Group Select Pulldown
REL/ABS Button
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5.9.1 Group Controls
To reduce the possibility of colossal mishaps, only one group can be adjusted at a time. You
need to select the group you intend to work with and also give it Relative or Absolute
control. Other groups will not be adjustable until selected.
REL/ABS Button
Pressing this button toggles the label between ABS and REL (absolute and relative). The
concept of absolute and relative is simple. When a group is set to ABS, any gain control
that is moved will send the same value to all like controls in the Group. They will go from
wherever they were to the new value of the adjusted mic channel. When set to REL, all like
gain controls will move by the same amount from their original value, keeping the original
differences. Even when the group is adjusted such that some or all mic channels top or
bottom out to the limit, they will recover to their original differences when the group is
adjusted back inside the limits.
5.9.2 Group Select Pulldowns
Each mic channel of every Unit can be assigned to one of the four Groups. This is done
by clicking the mouse over the assignment box at the top of the mic channel as shown in
Figure 5-10. By default, channels come up as “No Group”. You need to assign a Group
by holding down the mouse button and dragging the pointer down to the desired group
label, then releasing the mouse button. This will pop the Group Label into the assignment
box. You can assign or remove Groups to mic channels at will.
5.9.3 Scope of Groups
Each group exists constellation wide. You can assign any mic channel in any Unit in any
Bank to any Group. That means you could possibly assign up to 1024 mic channels to
a single Group, mute them all at once, set them all to the same gain, etc. More likely,
Groups will be used more selectively, like within a contiguous range of mic channels that
may be placed at a chorus, string or horn section for example. It’s all up to you how to
use them.
5.10 USING TEST TONES
Test tones that are available on the 1788A’s can be activated from the Tone Flyout Panel.
5.10.1 Launching The Tone Flyout
Clicking the TONE icon launches the panel as shown in Figure 5-11 below. Both 0dBFS and
-20dBFS tones can be activated for each of the eight mic channels that presently occupy
the Preamp Control Panel. To close the Tone flyout, click the “Close” button.
Figure 5-12. Tone Flyout Panel
5.10.2 Activating Tones in Groups
When a mic channel is part of a Group, the Tone activation for that channel will not
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propagate to the Group unless the Group has been selected in the Group Control Panel. If
the Group is selected, the tone will propagate to all mic channels in that Group.
5.11 SETTINGS
This icon is intended to permit user preferences to be supported. Future releases of the
software may add more items as we gain additional input from end users. Presently, you
can choose the startup configuration of the software program. To enable this feature, you
must always close the program by using the QUIT button so it can write the startup data
as part of the shut down process.
Figure 5-12. Settings Flyout Panel
Startup Options:
1. Open with last used Session
2. Open with blank Session
5.12 TUTORIAL
Nothing beats a step by step demonstration for learning new software. In this tutorial
we will start with an existing small constellation of two 1788A’s and one 1788A-R, a
DHCP Router, and a PC computer to run the software R/C. Then we will add labels to the
preamps and mic channels, create and save some Presets. Finally, we will name and save
the Session.
Figure 5-13. Tutorial Constellation
PC With 1788A R/C
Software
1788A-R HRemote
Bank 1
DHCP Router
1788A Preamps
NET No. 11
NET No. 12
Why did we set the 1788A’s to be NET Numbers 11 and 12? We wanted to run in one
Bank, so they could be any two numbers between 1 and 16. We chose 11 and 12 to
demonstrate you don’t have to start with number 1.
Step 1: Power Up The Constellation
1. Power up all hardware.
2. Boot up the computer that will run the R/C software.
3. Give everything a minute to communicate with the DHCP Router.
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5. 1788A R/C SOFTWARE
Step 2: Start The Software
Run the 1788A Remote Software program. If the SETTINGS call for starting up with the
previous Session, click the Blank Session box then quit and re-start the program. We
want to begin with a clean slate this time.
Step 3: Wake-up The Hardware
1. The Thumbnail Panel should already show the wake up buttons, but if not, right-click
inside the panel to show them.
2. Click the “Send Wake-up To Preamps” button and the “Send Wake-up To Controllers”
button.
3. Two thumbnails should appear to represent the 1788A’s. If out of order, drag the one
with NO11 over the first position and drop it there. They should line up in numeric order
at this point.
Step 4: Practicing With The Preamp Controls
Figure 5-14. Wake-up
Buttons
Figure 5-15. Dragging Thumbnails Into Order
1. Click on the NO11 thumbnail. It will outline itself in red. Its controls will be sent to the
Preamp Control Panel.
2. Click on the indicators to operate several of the on/off controls (Mute, PAD, POL, etc.)
to see how they react.
3. Click and drag over the Gain numeric readouts (Main, Aux and Input) to see how their
values change as you drag the pointer. Observe the limits of each Gain readout.
Step 5: Assign Some Groups
1. Click on the NO11 thumbnail. It will outline itself in red. Its controls will be sent to the
Preamp Control Panel.
2. On mic channels 1 and 2, drag down and select GROUP 1.
3. On mic channels 3 and 4, drag down and select GROUP 2.
4. On mic channels 5 and 6, drag down and select GROUP 3.
5. On mic channels 7 and 8, drag down and select GROUP 4.
6. Click on the NO12 thumbnail. Repeat steps 2 thru 5 for this preamp.
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Figure 5-16. Assigning Groups
Left Click Top Button,
Drag Down To Selection,
Release Mouse
Groups Show
Up In Thumbs
By Color
Step 6: Add Labels
1. Add a Preamp Name Label by replacing the default text in the upper label window.
2. Label all eight mic channels as shown below.
3. Switch to the other preamp and put in “Vocals” for the Preamp Label and name each
mic something appropriate.
Figure 5-17. Assigning Labels
Open Preamp Label
window by clicking inside.
Click to close window.
Open Mic Label window
by clicking inside.
Click to close window.
Step 7: Practice With Groups
1. In the Group Control Panel, click the “A” button and toggle the ABS/REL button into
REL.
2. Click some on/off functions on a Group A channel and watch the other channel react
the same. By switching from NO11 to NO12 you will note that all channels in Group A will
have reacted to your control of the original channel.
3. Try dragging the Input Gain of a Group A channel. The other Group A Input Gains will
also change. They will stay in proportion to their original differences.
4. Toggle the ABS/REL button to ABS.
5. Now change the Input Gain of any Group A channel. All other Input Gains in the group
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5. 1788A R/C SOFTWARE
will change to the same value. This demonstrates the difference between Absolute and
Relative group gain control.
6. Deselect the Group A button. Now try changing functions and gain on a Group A
mic channel. Only the touched channel will change and the group stays unaffected. This
demonstrates that you need to select a group before you can do group actions.
Step 8: Create Some Presets
1. Press the NEW button at the bottom of the Preset Management Panel. A new
Preset Flag will be pop up on the Preset Panel. The Preset will be named “Preset No
1” and its EDIT button will be pre-selected (showing bright yellow). It is in already
in the editable state.
2. Type in a “ACT 1” to replace the default name, or you can use any name you
like.
3. Press the SET button.
4. Click the yellow EDIT button and it will turn gold. The Preset is now completed.
5. Go to the preamp controls and change them significantly from their original
settings. For example, turn all the switched functions on or off and all the gains full
up or down.
6. Repeat steps 1 thru 5 above as many times as you like to create more presets,
naming each one uniquely. We’ll need at least two Presets to be created.
Step 9: Save The Session
1. Press the SAVE button at the bottom of the Preset Management Panel or at the
top of the Master Panel. The SAVE Panel will pop up over the Preset Panel.
2. First we’ll save to HRemote. If you don’t have one, skip this step. You should
see the only HRemote available, HR1. Click the HR1 button. A message will pop up
telling you it was a successful transfer.
3. Next, we’ll save a Session to Disk. If necessary, press the SAVE button again to
get the Save Panel back. Click the “Save a Session” button. The Session Save box will
open allowing you to name the file. Name it “tutorial” and click OK. The file will be
saved and the Save Panel will auto-close.
4. Saving a Preset to Disk uses a similar procedure. You can try it out. First you must
click the gold EDIT button of the preset you wish to save. Otherwise you will get an
error message telling you to do so.
Step 10: Load A Session
In this context, LOAD means to load a Session file from disk or a set of presets from
HRemotes into the R/C program, replacing any previous Session in play.
1. First, let’s try loading from the HRemote. Skip this step if you don’t have one.
Press the LOAD button at the bottom of the Preset Management Panel or at the top
of the Master Panel. The Load Panel will pop up over the Preset Panel. Click the HR1
button. A success message will pop up and then the Load Panel will auto-close.
2. Now, let’s try loading a Session from disk. Press a LOAD button to get the Load
Panel. Click “Load Session”. The File Open box will appear and let you select a file.
For now, just select the Session we saved called “tutorial.ses”. The File Box will close
and you can then manually close the Load Panel.
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Figure 5-18
SAVE Panel
Figure 5-19
LOAD Panel
Summary
We’ve taken you through the essential operation of the 1788A R/C Software. You should
now be comfortable with how to operate the software, and create Presets and Sessions.
5.13 SOFTWARE WRAP-UP
Software is always in a state of development. This manual can’t anticipate what
variations or additions will appear in future versions, but we will attempt to maintain
the essentials as they have been taught here. Whenever new versions are made available,
they will be announced at our web site. Please check for available updates periodically at
www.aphex.com.
We hope this manual has been helpful in teaching you how to set up and operate
the remote control software. Contact Aphex customer support should you experience
difficulties. Telephone support is available during regular business hours in the Pacific Time
Zone.
Call 818-767-2929.
Email support is also available by contacting [email protected]
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Notes
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Notes
Page 50
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