mfj-862
MFJ-862 SWR/Wattmeter
MFJ-862 VHF/UHF 144/220/440 SWR/Wattmeter
General Information:
The MFJ-862 VHF/UHF 144/220/440 SWR/Wattmeter measures forward
and reflected power and indicates SWR for the 144, 220, and 440 MHz ham
bands. The MFJ-862 has 2 power scales for each band selected with the
front panel rotary switch. The low power scale reads from 0-30 watts
forward and 0-6 watts reflected. The high power reads from 0-300 watts
forward and 0-60 watts reflected. SWR is indicated from 1:1 to 5:1.
MFJ-862 Theory of Operation:
The MFJ-862 senses RF energy traveling along a 50 ohm stripline. A
forward and reflected stripline couple to the 50 ohm stripline to make a
directional coupler. A voltage is produced in the forward and reflected
striplines that is proportional to the current and voltage traveling along the 50
ohm stripline. This signal is rectified by a diode and smoothed by a capacitor.
Because the directional coupler's sensitivity increases with frequency,
trimpots are used to adjust for different frequency and power settings (high or
low power).
Connections:
Connect your transmitter to the connector labeled TRANSMITTER and your
antenna to the connector labeled ANTENNA. It is important that you use
good quality coax and connectors that are designed for VHF/UHF.
If you want to measure the power capability of a transmitter/amplifier or to recalibrate the MFJ-862 you should connect a quality dummy load (50 ohms)
that is designed for VHF/UHF to the antenna jack.
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MFJ-862 SWR/Wattmeter
The MFJ-862 has a lighted meter. To provide power for the meter light, a 12
Vdc supply such as the MFJ-1312B should be used. Use a standard 2.1 mm
coaxial plug with the center conductor positive and the sleeve ground.
Using the MFJ-862:
To measure forward and reflected power turn the selector switch to the
correct frequency and power setting. Transmit and read the power from the
meter. Each unmarked hatch on the scale is an even division between the
two marked numbers. SWR is read directly from the scale where the meter
needles cross.
If a more exact reading for SWR is needed you may use the equation for
SWR. Measure the forward and reflected power and put the values into the
following equation:
SWR
=
Pr
Pf
F
G
H1
+
=
Reflected Power
=
Pr
Pf
I
F
J
K G
H1
-
Pr
Pf
I
J
K
Forward Power
Calibration:
Note that the readings for forward and reflected power (and thus SWR) are
less accurate if the power levels you are reading are not near the calibration
power level or within the correct power range. For an accurate reading of 10
watts forward use the low power scale. If your transmitter only transmits 10
watts, re-calibrate the low power scale at 10 watts for maximum accuracy.
The MFJ-862 has been calibrated at the factory for 10 and 100 watts. If recalibration is necessary you will need a 50 ohm dummy load, good quality 50
ohm coax, and a transmitter of known power or another accurate wattmeter
to use as a standard.
Connect the transmitter to the TRANSMITTER connector and a good length
of coax between the ANTENNA connector and the dummy load. Transmit at
a known power level and adjust the forward or reflected sensitivity pot, for the
power scale and frequency you are using, until the correct reading is shown
on the meter.
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MFJ-862 SWR/Wattmeter
Meter Calibration
If the zero adjustment of your wattmeter should ever need to be re-adjusted,
it is a simple procedure. The meter should be re-zeroed whenever a pointer
is more than 2 pointer widths from the "0" mark.
To re-zero the pointer, first you must remove the meter from the chassis.
Remove the screws from the meter tabs from either the front or the inside of
the unit. Next carefully remove the
clear plastic front by grasping it on both
sides.
Use a pair of needle nose pliers to turn
the zero adjustment lever.
Turn
clockwise to lower the needle or
counterclockwise to raise the pointer.
Adjustment is very sensitive and
should require little force. Replace the
meter cover and reinstall the meter into
the chassis.
Technical Assistance:
If you have any problem with this unit first check the appropriate section of
this manual. If the manual does not reference your problem or your problem
is not solved by reading the manual you may call MFJ at 601-323-5869. You
will be best helped if you have your unit, manual and all information on your
station handy so you can answer any questions the technicians may ask.
You can also send questions by mail to MFJ Enterprises, INC., P.O. Box 494,
Mississippi State, MS 39762; by FAX to 601-323-6551; through Compuserve
at 76206,1763; or by email to [email protected] Send a
complete description of your problem, an explanation of exactly how you are
using your unit, and a complete description of your station.
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MFJ-862 SWR/Wattmeter
Schematic:
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