Agilent_7890_Maintaining_Your_GC

Agilent_7890_Maintaining_Your_GC
Agilent 7890A
Gas Chromatograph
Maintaining Your GC
Agilent Technologies
Notices
© Agilent Technologies, Inc. 2011
Warranty
No part of this manual may be reproduced
in any form or by any means (including
electronic storage and retrieval or
translation into a foreign language) without
prior agreement and written consent from
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laws.
The material contained in this document is provided “as is,” and is subject to being changed, without notice,
in future editions. Further, to the maximum extent permitted by applicable
law, Agilent disclaims all warranties,
either express or implied, with regard
to this manual and any information
contained herein, including but not
limited to the implied warranties of
merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Agilent shall not be
liable for errors or for incidental or
consequential damages in connection
with the furnishing, use, or performance of this document or of any
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written agreement with warranty
terms covering the material in this
document that conflict with these
terms, the warranty terms in the separate agreement shall control.
Manual Part Number
G3430-90010
Edition
Fifth edition, May 2011
Fourth edition, October 2009
Third edition, April 2009
Second edition, May 2008
First edition, March 2007
Printed in USA
Agilent Technologies, Inc.
2850 Centerville Road
Wilmington, DE 19808-1610 USA
安捷伦科技 (上海)有限公司
上海市浦东新区外高桥保税区
英伦路 412 号
联系电话:(800)820 3278
Safety Notices
CAUTION
A CAUTION notice denotes a hazard. It
calls attention to an operating
procedure, practice, or the like that, if
not correctly performed or adhered to,
could result in damage to the product
or loss of important data. Do not
proceed beyond a CAUTION notice
until the indicated conditions are fully
understood and met.
WA R N I N G
A WARNING notice denotes a hazard.
It calls attention to an operating
procedure, practice, or the like that, if
not correctly performed or adhered to,
could result in personal injury or
death. Do not proceed beyond a
WARNING notice until the indicated
conditions are fully understood and
met.
Contents
1
About Maintaining the GC
Overview of Maintenance
10
Tools and Materials Required for Maintenance
Maintenance Methods for the 7890A GC
Safety Information
2
14
16
Removing Covers
To Remove the Detector Top Cover
3
12
18
To Remove the Pneumatics Cover
19
To Remove the Electronics Cover
20
Maintaining Capillary Columns
Consumables and Parts for Columns
22
To Install a Capillary Column Hanger
24
To Condition a Capillary Column
To Cut a Loop from a Column
25
28
To Reverse a Column and Bakeout Contaminants
29
To Attach a Capillary Column Using SilTite Metal Fittings
31
To Disconnect Fused Silica Tubing From a SilTite Fitting
4
34
Maintaining the Split/Splitless Inlet
Consumables and Parts for the Split/Splitless Inlet
Exploded Parts View of the Split/Splitless Inlet
36
39
To Install a Capillary Column with the Split/Splitless Inlet
To Change the Septum on the Split/Splitless Inlet
40
44
To Clean the Septum Seat in the Insert Assembly of the Split/Splitless
Inlet 46
To Change the Liner and O-Ring on the Split/Splitless Inlet
To Replace the Gold Seal on the Split/Splitless Inlet
48
51
To Replace the Filter in the Split Vent Line for the Split/Splitless Inlet
To Clean the Split/Splitless Inlet
56
To Bakeout Contaminants from the Split/Splitless Inlet
Maintaining Your GC
53
58
3
5
Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
Consumables and Parts for the Purged Packed Inlet
Exploded Parts View of the Purged Packed Inlet
60
63
To Install a Capillary Column with the Purged Packed Inlet
To Change the Septum on the Purged Packed Inlet
68
To Clean the Septum Seat in the Purged Packed Inlet
To Install an Adapter on the Purged Packed Inlet
70
72
To Change the O-Ring on the Purged Packed Inlet
74
To Change the Glass Liner on the Purged Packed Inlet
To Install an Insulation Cup on the Purged Packed Inlet
To Clean the Purged Packed Inlet
64
75
77
78
To Bakeout Contaminants from the Purged Packed Inlet
To Install a Packed Metal Column
80
81
To Install a Packed Column Adapter on a Detector Fitting
To Install a Packed Glass Column
To Condition a Packed Column
85
88
To Install Ferrules on a Packed Metal Column
6
83
90
Maintaining the COC Inlet
Consumables and Parts for the COC Inlet
Exploded Parts View of the COC Inlet
92
95
To Install a Capillary Column with the COC Inlet
96
To Check the Needle-to-Column Size on the COC Inlet
To Change a Septum on the COC Inlet
To Install an Insert on the COC Inlet
To Clean the COC Inlet
99
101
103
105
To Replace the Needle Support Assembly in a 7683B Injector
To Replace a Needle in a Syringe
107
110
To Replace the Fused Silica Needle in a Syringe for the COC Inlet
To Bakeout Contaminants from the COC Inlet
4
111
113
Maintaining Your GC
7
Maintaining the MMI
Consumables and Parts for the MMI
Exploded Parts View of the MMI
116
119
To Install a Capillary Column with the MMI
To Install the Column Nut Adapter
To Change the Septum on the MMI
120
124
125
To Clean the Septum Seat in the Insert Assembly of the MMI
To Change the Liner and O-Ring on the MMI
129
To Replace the Filter in the Split Vent Line for the MMI
To Clean the Multimode Inlet
132
135
To Bakeout Contaminants from the MMI
8
127
137
Maintaining the PTV Inlet
Consumables and Parts for the PTV Inlet
Exploded Parts View of the PTV Inlet
140
142
To Install a Capillary Column with the PTV Inlet
143
To Clean the Septumless Head on the PTV Inlet
146
To Replace the Septumless Head PTFE Ferrule on the PTV Inlet
To Change the Septum on the PTV Inlet
149
151
To Clean the Septum Seat in the Septum Head Assembly of the PTV
Inlet 153
To Change the Liner on the PTV Inlet
155
To Replace the Inlet Adapter for the PTV Inlet
158
To Replace the Filter in the Split Vent Line for the PTV Inlet
To Bakeout Contaminants from the PTV Inlet
9
163
Maintaining the VI
Consumables and Parts for the VI
Exploded Parts View of the VI
166
168
To Install a Capillary Column with the VI
To Attach a Sample Transfer Line to the VI
To Remove the VI Interface
To Clean the VI
169
172
173
175
To Install the VI Interface
Maintaining Your GC
160
177
5
To Replace the Filter in the Split Vent Line for the VI
To Bakeout Contaminants from the VI Inlet
10
178
181
Maintaining the FID
Consumables and Parts for the FID
Exploded Parts Views of the FID
Selecting an FID Jet
184
187
189
To Attach a Capillary Column Adapter on an Adaptable FID
To Install a Capillary Column in the FID
193
To Replace the FID Collector Assembly
196
To Replace an FID Jet
191
198
To Perform Maintenance on the FID Collector Assembly
To Check the FID Leakage Current
To Check the FID Baseline
202
210
211
To Install the FID Insulation Cup Assembly (Adaptable FID Only)
To Install the Optional FID PTFE Chimney Insert
To Bakeout the FID
11
212
214
215
Maintaining the TCD
Consumables and Parts for the TCD
218
To Install a Capillary Column in the TCD
220
To Install the Optional TCD Capillary Column Adapter
222
To Install a Capillary Column with the Optional TCD Capillary Column
Adapter 223
To Bakeout Contaminants from the TCD
12
225
Maintaining the uECD
Important Safety Information About the uECD
Consumables and Parts for the uECD
Exploded Parts View of the uECD
228
230
232
To Replace the uECD Fused Silica Indented Mixing Liner and Install the
Makeup Gas Adapter 233
To Install a Capillary Column in the uECD
237
To Install the Insulating Cup for the uECD
240
To Bakeout the uECD
6
242
Maintaining Your GC
13
Maintaining the NPD
Consumables and Parts for the NPD
Exploded Parts View of the NPD
Selecting an NPD Jet
246
249
250
To Attach a Capillary Column Adapter on an Adaptable NPD
To Install a Capillary Column in the NPD
To Replace the NPD Bead Assembly
254
257
To Maintain the NPD Collector, Ceramic Insulators, and Jet
To Check the NPD Leakage Current
14
Maintaining the FPD
Exploded Parts View of the FPD
272
274
To Install a Capillary Column Adapter in the FPD
To Attach a Capillary Column to the FPD
To Change the FPD Wavelength Filter
To Remove the FPD Vent Tube
To Replace the FPD Ignitor
277
282
284
286
Maintaining the Aux EPC
Consumables and Parts for the Aux EPC
288
Installing or Replacing Frits in the Aux EPC
289
Maintaining the PCM
Consumables and Parts for the PCM
Calibrating the PCM Interface
292
293
Installing or Replacing Frits in the PCM
Maintaining Your GC
275
279
To Install the FPD Vent Tube and Cover
16
264
270
Consumables and Parts for the FPD
15
252
294
7
17
Maintaining a Valve
Consumables and Parts for Valves
298
Exploded Parts View of GC Rotary Valves
To Replace a Gas Sampling Valve Loop
To Align a Rotary Valve Rotor
299
300
302
To Replace a Rotary Valve in the Valve Box
To Remove the Upper Valve Box
To Install the Upper Valve Box
18
306
308
Swagelok Connections
Making Swagelok Connections
Using a Swagelok Tee
8
303
312
316
Maintaining Your GC
Agilent 7890AGas Chromatograph
Maintaining Your GC
1
About Maintaining the GC
Overview of Maintenance 10
Tools and Materials Required for Maintenance 12
Maintenance Methods for the 7890A GC 14
Safety Information 16
This section provides an overview of the maintenance
procedures included in this document. It also lists the tools
needed for routine maintenance and the safety information
one should be aware of before performing a maintenance
task.
Agilent Technologies
9
1
About Maintaining the GC
Overview of Maintenance
This manual details the routine tasks needed to maintain the
7890A Gas Chromatograph (GC). The procedures assume a
basic knowledge of tool use and of GC operation. Readers
are, for example, expected to know how to:
• Safely turn devices on and off
• Load methods
• Change component temperatures, flows, and pressures
• Make typical pneumatic connections using Swagelok and
other standard fittings
• Reset GC service counters
Where to find a procedure
Included in this manual are chapters on maintaining the
following GC components:
• Capillary Columns
• Split/Splitless Inlet
• Purged Packed Inlet
• COC Inlet
• Multimode Inlet
• PTV Inlet
• Volatiles Inlet (VI)
• FID
• TCD
• uECD
• NPD
• FPD
• Auxiliary EPC
• PCM
• Valves
Each chapter includes:
• A list of the most commonly used consumables and parts
for the component
• An exploded parts view of the component
10
Maintaining Your GC
About Maintaining the GC
1
• Detailed procedures for routine maintenance tasks
associated with the component
Early Maintenance Feedback feature
Both the GC and Agilent Instrument Utilities software
include the capability to alert users of upcoming
maintenance needs. This feature, called Early Maintenance
Feedback, notifies users when a counter (such as a septum
counter, liner counter, jet cleaning counter, injection counter,
or uECD wipe test counter) has reached the specified
maintenance point. After performing the required
maintenance, reset the applicable counter to resume using
the Early Maintenance Feedback feature. Refer to the
Instrument Utilities help and the Advanced User Guide for
more information.
Maintaining Your GC
11
1
About Maintaining the GC
Tools and Materials Required for Maintenance
Table 1 lists the tools needed for most GC maintenance
procedures. The specific tools required to perform a
maintenance procedure are listed in step 1 of the procedure.
Table 1
Tools and materials for GC maintenance
Common tools
Wrench, angled, septum nut (19251-00100)*
Wrench, open-end, 1/4-inch and 5/16-inch (8710-0510)*
Wrench, open-end, 9/16-inch and 7/16-inch (8710-0803)*
Wrench, capillary inlet ( G3452-20512 )*
Flathead screwdriver
Column cutter, wafer (5181-8836, 4/pk)*
Driver, nut, 1/4-inch (8710-1561)*
T-20 Torx key (8710-1807) or screwdriver*
T-10 Torx key (8710-2140) or screwdriver*
3-mm hex key wrench (8710-2411)
Electronic flow meter(s) or bubble meter(s) capable of calibrated measurements
at 1, 10, and 100 mL/min flow ranges.
Electronic leak detector
Magnifying loupe, 20X (430-1020)
Metric ruler
Bench vise (for setting Swagelok fittings)
Razor or sharp knife
Tweezers (8710-0007) or thin needle-nose pliers (8710-0004)
Needle-nose pliers
ESD wrist strap (for installing new components)
Gloves, heat-resistant (for handling hot parts)
Wooden cotton swab (for removing FID filters)
Tools and materials for cleaning procedures
Cleaning brushes—The FID cleaning kit (9301-0985) contains appropriate
brushes for cleaning detectors and inlets
Cleaning brushes—(8710-1346) For cleaning split/splitless inlet split vent
fitting, FID and collectors
12
Maintaining Your GC
About Maintaining the GC
Table 1
1
Tools and materials for GC maintenance (continued)
Jet cleaning wire (.010 inch)
Clean, lint-free cloth (to protect contamination-sensitive detector parts)
Small ultrasonic cleaning bath with aqueous detergent (for cleaning detector
and inlet parts)
Gloves, clean, lint-free, nylon (large: 8650-0030, small: 8650-0029) (for handling
contamination-sensitive parts)
Steel wool, 0- or 00-grade (for cleaning an inlet’s septum seating surfaces)
* Included with the GC ship kits
Maintaining Your GC
13
1
About Maintaining the GC
Maintenance Methods for the 7890A GC
Before most maintenance procedures, the GC must be made
ready. Agilent recommends that you create and store the
following maintenance methods into the GC. The methods
below will:
• Prevent damage to the instrument (electronics, columns,
etc.)
• Avoid injury to the user (burns, shocks, etc.)
• Allow you to perform maintenance on specific areas while
leaving the rest of the GC components at operating
temperature
NOTE
Inlets and detectors at operating temperature may require 12 hours or
longer to reach the maintenance method setpoints below.
For information regarding programming, saving, and loading
methods, refer to the 7890A Advanced User Guide or your
data system help.
General GC Maintenance Method
Create this method for instrument column maintenance,
detector maintenance, and general GC maintenance tasks.
• Set the oven temperature to 35 °C. This allows the oven
fan to assist cooling.
• Set all inlet temperatures to 35 °C and set inlet gas
pressures to 0.0.
• If performing column maintenance, remember to wait
for the oven and column to cool down before turning
off column carrier gas flow at the source. Also
remember to cap both ends of the column to keep air
out once it is removed.
• If you are not performing column maintenance, keep
inert carrier gas (helium or nitrogen) flowing to protect
the column.
• Set all detector temperatures to 35 °C.
• If performing FPD maintenance, turn off the GC and
unplug the power cord.
• Some detectors (FID, NPD) use high voltages. For these
detectors, turn the electrometer Off to disable the high
voltage.
14
Maintaining Your GC
About Maintaining the GC
1
• The filament in the TCD will be damaged if exposed to
air while hot. To protect the filament, turn it Off.
• Set all detector flows to Off.
Once the zones reach < 70 °C, you can perform general GC
maintenance.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven, inlet, and/or detector may be hot enough to
cause burns. If the oven, inlet, or detector is hot, wear
heat-resistant gloves to protect your hands.
Inlet Maintenance Method
This method prepares the inlet for maintenance while
leaving the detector at operating temperature.
• Set the oven temperature to 35 °C. This allows the oven
fan to assist cooling.
• Set all inlet temperatures to Off and set inlet gas
pressures to 0.0.
• If performing column maintenance, remember to wait
for the oven and column to cool down before turning
off column carrier gas flow at the source. Also
remember to cap both ends of the column to keep air
out once it is removed.
• If you are not performing column maintenance, keep
inert carrier gas (helium or nitrogen) flowing to protect
the column.
• Maintain all temperature setpoints for installed detectors,
if desired.
• The filament in the TCD will be damaged if exposed to
air while hot. To protect the filament, turn it Off.
Once the zones reach < 70 °C, you can perform general GC
maintenance.
WA R N I N G
Maintaining Your GC
Be careful! The oven, inlet, and/or detector may be hot enough to
cause burns. If the oven, inlet, or detector is hot, wear
heat-resistant gloves to protect your hands.
15
1
About Maintaining the GC
Safety Information
Before performing a maintenance task, read the important
safety and regulatory information found in the 7890A Safety
and Regulatory Information book.
16
Maintaining Your GC
Agilent 7890AGas Chromatograph
Maintaining Your GC
2
Removing Covers
To Remove the Detector Top Cover 18
To Remove the Pneumatics Cover 19
To Remove the Electronics Cover 20
This section describes how to remove covers as needed for
routine maintenance.
Only the covers listed in this chapter should be removed.
Removing other GC covers can compromise the safety
features of the GC, leading to personal injury or damage to
the instrument.
Agilent Technologies
17
2
Removing Covers
To Remove the Detector Top Cover
This cover protects the detectors, valve box, and valve
assembly. To remove the detector top cover:
1 Raise it to a vertical position
2 Lift the right side and disengage the pin on the lower left
side.
CAUTION
Do not force the cover, either when installing it or closing it. This
could break the plastic parts.
To replace the cover, make certain that the slot in the brass
bushing (lower right corner) is vertical and that the bushing
is fully seated. Installation is then the reverse of removal.
18
Maintaining Your GC
Removing Covers
2
To Remove the Pneumatics Cover
The pneumatics cover protects the flow manifolds in the
back top of the GC.
1 Disconnect any vent tubing connected to the split and
septum purge vents.
2 Two large buttons on each side of the GC secure the
cover to the detector frame. Press both buttons and lift
the cover off.
Maintaining Your GC
19
2
Removing Covers
To Remove the Electronics Cover
You may need to raise the electronics cover to perform NPD
maintenance.
CAUTION
Raising the electronics cover exposes the GC electronics.
1 Raise or remove the detector top cover.
2 Loosen the screw on the left side of the electronics cover.
3 Raise the cover to the vertical position.
20
Maintaining Your GC
Agilent 7890A Gas Chromatograph
Maintaining Your GC
3
Maintaining Capillary Columns
Consumables and Parts for Columns 22
To Install a Capillary Column Hanger 24
To Condition a Capillary Column 25
To Cut a Loop from a Column 28
To Reverse a Column and Bakeout Contaminants 29
To Attach a Capillary Column Using SilTite Metal Fittings 31
To Disconnect Fused Silica Tubing From a SilTite Fitting 34
Agilent Technologies
21
3
Maintaining Capillary Columns
Consumables and Parts for Columns
See the Agilent catalog for consumables and supplies for a
more complete listing, or visit the Agilent Web site for the latest
information (www.agilent.com/chem/supplies).
Table 2
Nuts, ferrules, and hardware for capillary columns
Column id (mm)
Description
Typical use
Part number/quantity
.530
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.8-mm id
0.45-mm and 0.53-mm capillary
columns
5062-3512 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 1.0-mm id
0.53-mm capillary columns
5080-8773 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
0.53-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8293
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.5-mm id
0.32-mm capillary columns
5062-3514 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.4-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, and 0.25-mm
capillary columns
5181-3323 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.37-mm id
0.1-mm and 0.2-mm capillary
columns
5062-3516 (10/pk)
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.4-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, and 0.25-mm
capillary columns
5181-3323 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
Ferrule, no-hole
Testing
5181-3308 (10/pk)
Capillary column blanking nut
Testing–use with any ferrule
5020-8294
Column nut, universal
Connect column to inlet or detector
5181-8830 (2/pk)
Column cutter, ceramic wafer
Cutting capillary columns
5181-8836 (4/pk)
.320
.250
.100 and .200
All
22
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining Capillary Columns
Table 3
Maintaining Your GC
3
Capillary column hangers
Description
Part Number
Column hanger
1460-1914
Capillary column clip kit, for 7-inch column basket
G1530-61580
23
3
Maintaining Capillary Columns
To Install a Capillary Column Hanger
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven may be hot enough to cause burns. If the
oven is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your hands.
WA R N I N G
Wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from flying particles
while handling, cutting, or installing glass or fused silica capillary
columns. Use care in handling these columns to prevent puncture
wounds.
1 Select either the front or back hanger position. (Hanger is
shown in back position.)
Front position
Back position
2 Insert the ends of the hanger into the slots in the
selected position.
24
Maintaining Your GC
3
Maintaining Capillary Columns
To Condition a Capillary Column
1 Gather the following:
• One 7/16- inch, and 1/4- inch wrenches
• No- hole ferrule (See “Consumables and Parts for
Columns” on page 22.)
• Column nut
WA R N I N G
Do not use hydrogen as the carrier for conditioning! It could vent
into the oven and present an explosion hazard.
2 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or detector may be hot enough to cause
burns. If the detector is hot, wear gloves to protect your hands.
WA R N I N G
Wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from flying particles
while handling, cutting, or installing glass or fused silica capillary
columns. Use care in handling these columns to prevent puncture
wounds.
3 Install the column into the inlet using the new ferrules.
See:
• To Install a Capillary Column with the Split/Splitless
Inlet
• “To Install a Capillary Column with the Multimode
Inlet”
• To Install a Capillary Column with the Purged Packed
Inlet
• To Install a Capillary Column with the COC Inlet
• To Install a Capillary Column with the PTV Inlet
• To Install a Capillary Column with the VI
Maintaining Your GC
25
3
Maintaining Capillary Columns
4 Cap the detector column fitting.
5 Set a minimum velocity of 30 cm/s, or as recommended
by the column manufacturer. Let gas flow through the
column at room temperature for 15 to 30 minutes to
remove air.
6 Program the oven from room temperature to the
maximum temperature limit for the column. Increase the
temperature at a rate of 10 to 15 °C/min. Hold at the
maximum temperature for 30 minutes.
7 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or detector may be hot enough to cause
burns. If the detector is hot, wear gloves to protect your hands.
WA R N I N G
Wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from flying particles
while handling, cutting, or installing glass or fused silica capillary
columns. Use care in handling these columns to prevent puncture
wounds.
8 Attach the column to the detector. For details, select your
specific detector from the following list:
• To Install a Capillary Column in the FID
• To Install a Capillary Column in the NPD
• To Install a Capillary Column in the TCD
• To Install a Capillary Column in the uECD
• To Install a Capillary Column Adapter in the FPD
26
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining Capillary Columns
3
9 Restore the analytical method.
• For FID or FPD, immediately turn off the flame.
• For NPD, immediately turn off the bead.
10 After the GC becomes ready, wait 10 minutes, then ignite
the detector flame or bead.
Maintaining Your GC
27
3
Maintaining Capillary Columns
To Cut a Loop from a Column
1 Gather the following:
• New ferrule(s) for the column inlet connection
• Column cutter
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If the inlet is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
WA R N I N G
Wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from flying particles
while handling, cutting, or installing glass or fused silica capillary
columns. Use care in handling these columns to prevent puncture
wounds.
3 Loosen the inlet column nut and remove the column from
the inlet.
4 Uncoil one loop of column from the column hanger.
5 Cut the unwanted loop from the column.
6 Install the column into the inlet using the new ferrules.
See:
• To Install a Capillary Column with the Split/Splitless
Inlet
• To Install a Capillary Column with the Multimode Inlet
• To Install a Capillary Column with the Purged Packed
Inlet
• To Install a Capillary Column with the COC Inlet
• To Install a Capillary Column with the PTV Inlet
• To Install a Capillary Column with the VI
28
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining Capillary Columns
3
To Reverse a Column and Bakeout Contaminants
1 Gather the following:
• 1/4- inch wrench
• Column cutter
2 Load the maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or detector may be hot enough to cause
burns. If the detector is hot, wear gloves to protect your hands.
WA R N I N G
Wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from flying particles
while handling, cutting, or installing glass or fused silica capillary
columns. Use care in handling these columns to prevent puncture
wounds.
3 Disconnect the column from the inlet and detector.
4 If necessary, cut a loop from the column. (See “To Cut a
Loop from a Column” on page 28.) Do not attach the
column to the inlet.
5 Remove the column from the hanger and reverse its
position (inlet and detector ends) and place the column
back on the hanger.
6 Attach the column to the inlet.
Select your specific inlet from the following list:
• To Install a Capillary Column with the Split/Splitless
Inlet
• To Install a Capillary Column with the Purged Packed
Inlet
• To Install a Capillary Column with the COC Inlet
• To Install a Capillary Column with the Multimode Inlet
• To Install a Capillary Column with the PTV Inlet
• To Install a Capillary Column with the VI
7 Attach your column to the detector.
Select your specific detector from the following list:
• To Install a Capillary Column in the FID
• To Install a Capillary Column in the NPD
Maintaining Your GC
29
3
Maintaining Capillary Columns
• To Install a Capillary Column in the TCD
• To Install a Capillary Column in the uECD
• To Install a Capillary Column Adapter in the FPD
8 Set the column flow to the normal operating value, or set
the capillary column gas velocity to 30 cm/s.
For Multimode, Split/Splitless, PTV, and VI inlets, select
split mode and set the split vent flow to 200 mL/min.
9 Purge the column with carrier flow for at least
10 minutes before heating the oven.
10 Set the inlet temperature to 300 °C or 25 °C above the
normal operating temperature.
11 Set the column oven 25 °C above the GC method final
oven temperature to bake contaminants out of the inlet,
mostly through the split vent. Do not exceed the column
manufacturer’s maximum temperature limit.
12 Bakeout for 30 minutes.
30
Maintaining Your GC
3
Maintaining Capillary Columns
To Attach a Capillary Column Using SilTite Metal Fittings
This procedure is used to attach a capillary column to a
splitter or switch or an Ultimate Union.
1 Gather the following:
• SilTite ferrules (see Table 4)
• Swaging nut for SilTite ferrules (G2855- 20555)
• Two 1/4- inch open- end wrenches
• One 7/16- inch open- end wrench
• Column cutting tool (5181- 8836)
• Internal nut (G2855- 20530)
• Lint free gloves
Table 4
CAUTION
Available SilTite metal ferrule packages
Part number
SilTite ferrule description
5188-5361
For 0.2- to 0.25-mm columns
5188-5362
For 0.32-mm columns
5188-5363
For 0.53-mm columns
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
2 Pass the tubing end through the internal nut and SilTite
ferrule leaving approximately 1 cm of fused silica tubing
protruding beyond the ferrule. Thread the swaging nut
onto the internal nut with the tube protruding.
Maintaining Your GC
31
3
Maintaining Capillary Columns
3 Using two wrenches against each other, tighten the two
nuts together a little at a time, occasionally checking to
see if the ferrule is gripping the tube. When the ferrule
just starts to grip, notice position of the nuts and then
tighten one of the nuts by turning 45 to 60 degrees of
rotation, but no more than 60 degrees (one flat).
4 Remove the swaging nut.
32
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining Capillary Columns
3
5 Using a wafer column cutter, trim the tubing at the small
end of the ferrule, leaving approximately 0.3 mm of tubing
extending beyond the ferrule.
Check the end of the tube with a magnifier. The end of
the tube need not be perfectly square, but should not
have cracks that extend under the ferrule.
NOTE
It is important that the tube end does not extend beyond 0.5 mm from the
end of the ferrule.
6 Insert the assembled ferrule and nut into the SilTite
fitting. Tighten with a wrench by only 15 to 20 degrees of
rotation.
Maintaining Your GC
33
3
Maintaining Capillary Columns
To Disconnect Fused Silica Tubing From a SilTite Fitting
Loosen and remove the internal nut. If tubing and ferrule do
not come free, insert a pointed object (pen, paper clip) into
the ferrule release hole and press firmly. You will hear a
click as the ferrule releases.
The SilTite ferrule seal should remain leak- free for many
disconnections and reconnections.
34
Maintaining Your GC
Agilent 7890AGas Chromatograph
Maintaining Your GC
4
Maintaining the Split/Splitless Inlet
Consumables and Parts for the Split/Splitless Inlet 36
Exploded Parts View of the Split/Splitless Inlet 39
To Install a Capillary Column with the Split/Splitless Inlet 40
To Change the Septum on the Split/Splitless Inlet 44
To Clean the Septum Seat in the Insert Assembly of the Split/Splitless
Inlet 46
To Change the Liner and O-Ring on the Split/Splitless Inlet 48
To Replace the Gold Seal on the Split/Splitless Inlet 51
To Replace the Filter in the Split Vent Line for the Split/Splitless Inlet 53
To Clean the Split/Splitless Inlet 56
To Bakeout Contaminants from the Split/Splitless Inlet 58
Agilent Technologies
35
4
Maintaining the Split/Splitless Inlet
Consumables and Parts for the Split/Splitless Inlet
See the Agilent catalog for consumables and supplies for a
more complete listing, or visit the Agilent Web site for the latest
information (www.agilent.com/chem/supplies).
\<space>
Table 5
Split, splitless, direct, and direct connect inlet liners
Mode
Description
Deactivated
Part number
Split
Low-pressure drop, glass wool, single taper, 870 µL
Yes
5183-4647
Split
Glass wool, 990 µL
No
19251-60540
Split—Manual only
Empty pin and cup, 800 µL
No
18740-80190
Split—Manual only
Packed pin and cup, 800 µL
No
18740-60840
Splitless
Single taper, glass wool, 900 µL
Yes
5062-3587
Splitless
Single taper, no glass wool, 900 µL
Yes
5181-3316
Splitless
Dual taper, no glass wool, 800 µL
Yes
5181-3315
Splitless—Direct inject
2-mm id, quartz, 250 µL
No
18740-80220
Splitless—Direct inject
2-mm id, 250 µL
Yes
5181-8818
Direct inject —Headspace or
purge and trap
1.5-mm id, 140 µL
No
18740-80200
Direct column connect
Single taper, splitless 4-mm id
Yes
G1544-80730
Direct column connect
Dual taper, splitless 4-mm id
Yes
G1544-80700
Table 6
Nuts, ferrules, and hardware for capillary columns
Column id (mm)
Description
Typical use
Part number/quantity
.530
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.8-mm id
0.45-mm and 0.53-mm capillary
columns
5062-3512 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 1.0-mm id
0.53-mm capillary columns
5080-8773 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
0.53-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8293
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.5-mm id
0.32-mm capillary columns
5062-3514 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
.320
36
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the Split/Splitless Inlet
Table 6
Nuts, ferrules, and hardware for capillary columns (continued)
Column id (mm)
Description
Typical use
Part number/quantity
.250
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.4-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, and 0.25-mm
capillary columns
5181-3323 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.37-mm id
0.1-mm and 0.2-mm capillary
columns
5062-3516 (10/pk)
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.4-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, and 0.25-mm
capillary columns
5181-3323 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
Ferrule, no-hole
Testing
5181-3308 (10/pk)
Capillary column blanking nut
Testing–use with any ferrule
5020-8294
Column nut, universal
Connect column to inlet or detector
5181-8830 (2/pk)
Column cutter, ceramic wafer
Cutting capillary columns
5181-8836 (4/pk)
.100 and .200
All
4
Table 7
Maintaining Your GC
Other consumables and parts for the split/splitless inlet
Description/quantity
Part number
Septum retainer nut for headspace
18740-60830
Septum retainer nut
18740-60835
11-mm septum, high-temperature, low-bleed, 50/pk
5183-4757
11-mm septum, prepierced, long life, 50/pk
5183-4761
Merlin Microseal septum (high-pressure)
5182-3444
Merlin Microseal septum (30 psi)
5181-8815
Nonstick fluorocarbon liner O-ring (for temperatures up to
350 °C), 10/pk
5188-5365
Graphite O-ring for split liner (for temperatures above
350 °C), 10/pk
5180-4168
Graphite O-ring for splitless liner (for temperatures above
350 °C), 10/pk
5180-4173
37
4
Maintaining the Split/Splitless Inlet
Table 7
38
Other consumables and parts for the split/splitless inlet
Description/quantity
Part number
Split vent trap PM kit, single cartridge
5188-6495
Retaining nut
G1544-20590
Gold-plated seal (standard application)
5188-5367
Gold-plated seal with cross (high split flows) (includes SS
washer)
5182-9652
Stainless steel washer (0.375-inch od), 12/pk
5061-5869
Reducing nut
18740-20800
Column nut, blanking plug
5020-8294
Capillary inlet preventative maintenance kit, split
5188-6496
Capillary inlet preventative maintenance kit, splitless
5188-6497
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the Split/Splitless Inlet
4
Exploded Parts View of the Split/Splitless Inlet
Merlin cap
Merlin Microseal
Septum retainer nut
Septum
Insert assembly
O-ring
Liner
Split vent line
Split/splitless inlet body
Retaining nut
Inlet gold seal
Washer
Reducing nut
Insulation
Insulation cup
Ferrule
Column nut
Maintaining Your GC
39
4
Maintaining the Split/Splitless Inlet
To Install a Capillary Column with the Split/Splitless Inlet
WA R N I N G
Do not use hydrogen as the carrier for conditioning! It could vent
into the oven and present an explosion hazard.
1 Gather the following (see “Consumables and Parts for the
Split/Splitless Inlet” on page 36):
• Column
• Ferrule(s)
• Column nut
• Septum
• Column cutter
• Isopropanol
• Lab tissue
• Metric ruler
• 1/4- inch open- end wrench
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If either is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
WA R N I N G
Wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from flying particles
while handling, cutting, or installing glass or fused silica capillary
columns. Use care in handling these columns to prevent puncture
wounds.
3 Verify that the correct glass liner is installed. (See
“Consumables and Parts for the Split/Splitless Inlet” on
page 36.)
4 Place the column on the hanger with the ends pointing up
and the label to the front.
40
Maintaining Your GC
4
Maintaining the Split/Splitless Inlet
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
5 Place a septum, capillary column nut, and ferrule on the
column.
Ferrule
Column nut
Septum
6 Score the column using a glass scribing tool. The score
must be square to ensure a clean break.
7 Break off the column end by supporting it against the
column cutter opposite the scribe. Inspect the end with a
magnifying loupe to make certain there are no burrs or
jagged edges.
8 Wipe the column walls with a tissue dampened with
isopropanol to remove fingerprints and dust.
9 Position the column so it extends 4 to 6 mm above the
end of the ferrule. Slide the septum up the column to
hold the column nut at this position.
4%6 mm
Maintaining Your GC
41
4
Maintaining the Split/Splitless Inlet
10 Thread the column nut into the inlet but do not tighten.
11 Adjust the column position so that the septum contacts
the bottom of the column nut. Finger- tighten the column
nut until it begins to grip the column.
12 Tighten the column nut an additional 1/4 to 1/2 turn
with a wrench so that the column cannot be pulled from
the fitting with gentle pressure.
13 Configure the new column.
14 Condition the column per the manufacturer’s
recommendation. (See To Condition a Capillary Column.)
15 Install the column into the detector. See:
• To Install a Capillary Column in the FID
• To Install a Capillary Column in the NPD
• To Install a Capillary Column in the TCD
• To Install a Capillary Column in the uECD
• To Install a Capillary Column Adapter in the FPD
16 After the column is installed at both inlet and detector,
establish a flow of carrier gas and purge as recommended
by the column manufacturer.
17 Restore the analytical method.
• For FID or FPD, immediately turn off the flame.
• For NPD, immediately turn off the bead.
18 After the GC becomes ready, wait 10 minutes then ignite
the detector flame or bead.
WA R N I N G
42
Be careful! The oven, inlet, and/or detector may be hot enough to
cause burns. If they are hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect
your hands.
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the Split/Splitless Inlet
4
19 Allow the oven, inlet, and detector to equilibrate at
operating temperature, then retighten the fittings.
Maintaining Your GC
43
4
Maintaining the Split/Splitless Inlet
To Change the Septum on the Split/Splitless Inlet
1 Gather the following:
• Replacement septum. (See “Consumables and Parts for
the Split/Splitless Inlet” on page 36.)
• Wrench, hex for changing septum
• 0- or 00- grade steel wool (optional)
• Tweezers
• Wrench, capillary inlet (optional)
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If the inlet is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
3 Remove the septum retainer nut or Merlin cap.
4 Use tweezers to remove the septum or Merlin Microseal
from the insert assembly. Do not gouge or scratch the
interior of the insert assembly.
Septum retainer nut
Septum
Insert assembly
5 Firmly press the new septum or Merlin Microseal into the
fitting. The metal parts side of the Merlin Microseal
should face down (toward the oven).
6 Install the septum retainer nut or Merlin cap and
finger- tighten. Tighten the septum retainer nut until the
C- ring is about 1 mm above the nut.
44
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the Split/Splitless Inlet
CAUTION
4
Overtightening the septum nut can cause contamination.
1 mm
7 Restore the analytical method.
8 Reset the septum counter.
Maintaining Your GC
45
4
Maintaining the Split/Splitless Inlet
To Clean the Septum Seat in the Insert Assembly of the Split/Splitless Inlet
1 Gather the following:
• Replacement septum (See “Consumables and Parts for
the Split/Splitless Inlet” on page 36.)
• Wrench, hex for changing septum
• 0- or 00- grade steel wool (optional)
• Tweezers
• Compressed, filtered, dry air or nitrogen
• Wrench, capillary inlet (optional)
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If either is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
3 Slide the locking tab forward (counterclockwise). Lift the
septum assembly straight up and away from the inlet to
avoid chipping or breaking the liner.
4 Remove the septum retainer nut or Merlin cap.
46
Maintaining Your GC
4
Maintaining the Split/Splitless Inlet
5 Use tweezers to remove the septum or Merlin Microseal
from the retainer nut. (See “To Change the Septum on the
Split/Splitless Inlet” on page 44.)
6 Scrub the residue from the retainer nut and septum
holder with a small piece of rolled- up steel wool and
tweezers. Do not do this over the inlet.
7 Use compressed air or nitrogen to blow away the pieces
of steel wool and septum.
8 Line up the tab on the bottom of the septum assembly
with the slot on the insert assembly and push down to
connect. Slide the locking tab to the left.
9 Firmly press the new septum or Merlin Microseal into the
fitting. (See “To Change the Septum on the Split/Splitless
Inlet” on page 44.)
10 Replace the septum retainer nut or Merlin cap and
finger- tighten. (See “To Change the Septum on the
Split/Splitless Inlet” on page 44.)
11 Restore the analytical method.
12 Reset the septum counter.
Maintaining Your GC
47
4
Maintaining the Split/Splitless Inlet
To Change the Liner and O-Ring on the Split/Splitless Inlet
1 Gather the following:
• Replacement O- ring (See “Consumables and Parts for
the Split/Splitless Inlet” on page 36.)
• Replacement liner
• Tweezers
• Wrench, hex for changing septum
• Wrench, capillary inlet (optional)
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If either is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
3 Slide the locking tab forward (counterclockwise). Lift the
septum assembly straight up and away from the inlet to
avoid chipping or breaking the liner.
4 Loosen the O- ring from the sealing surface with tweezers.
48
Maintaining Your GC
4
Maintaining the Split/Splitless Inlet
5 Grasp the liner with tweezers and pull it out.
6 Inspect the surface of the gold seal for graphite or rubber
septum contamination. If required, replace the gold seal.
(See “To Replace the Gold Seal on the Split/Splitless
Inlet” on page 51.)
Maintaining Your GC
49
4
Maintaining the Split/Splitless Inlet
Clean the inlet if there is visible or suspected
contamination. (See “To Clean the Split/Splitless Inlet” on
page 56.)
Clean O- ring residue from sealing surface.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
7 Slide a new O- ring onto the replacement liner.
8 Return the liner to the inlet, pushing it all the way in
until the liner contacts the gold seal.
9 Line up the tab on the bottom of the septum assembly
with the slot on the insert assembly and push down to
connect. Slide the locking tab to the back.
10 Turn on the inlet. Allow the inlet and column to purge
with carrier gas for 15 minutes before heating the inlet or
the column oven.
11 Bakeout contaminants. (See “To Bakeout Contaminants
from the Split/Splitless Inlet” on page 58.)
12 Restore the analytical method.
13 Reset the liner counter.
14 Check for leaks.
50
Maintaining Your GC
4
Maintaining the Split/Splitless Inlet
To Replace the Gold Seal on the Split/Splitless Inlet
1 Gather the following:
• Replacement gold seal (See “Consumables and Parts for
the Split/Splitless Inlet” on page 36.)
• Replacement washer
• 1/4- inch wrench (for column)
• 1/2- inch wrench
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If either is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
3 Remove the inlet liner.
4 Remove the column from the inlet. Cap the open end of
the column to prevent contamination. Remove the
insulation cup around the base of the inlet.
Remove insulation cup
Disconnected, capped column
5 Loosen and remove the reducing nut. Remove the washer
and seal inside the reducing nut.
Maintaining Your GC
51
4
Maintaining the Split/Splitless Inlet
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
6 Put on gloves to protect the new gold seal and washer
from contamination. Put a new washer in the reducing
nut and place the new gold seal on top of it (raised
portion facing down).
Inlet gold seal
Gold seal side view
Washer
Reducing nut
Make sure raised portion faces
down.
7 Replace the reducing nut and tighten securely with a
wrench.
8 Replace the inlet liner.
9 Install the column and the insulation cup.
10 Bakeout contaminants. (See “To Bakeout Contaminants
from the Split/Splitless Inlet” on page 58.)
11 Restore the analytical method.
12 Reset the EMF counter.
13 Check for leaks.
52
Maintaining Your GC
4
Maintaining the Split/Splitless Inlet
To Replace the Filter in the Split Vent Line for the Split/Splitless Inlet
1 Gather the following:
• New filter cartridge. (See “Consumables and Parts for
the Split/Splitless Inlet” on page 36.)
• T- 20 Torx screwdriver
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If either is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
WA R N I N G
The split vent trap may contain residual amounts of any samples
or other chemicals you have injected into the GC. Follow your
company’s safety procedures for handling these types of
substances while replacing the trap filter cartridge.
3 Remove the pneumatics cover (top, back of GC).
4 Remove the retaining clip.
Split vent valve
Split vent trap
Retaining clip
Maintaining Your GC
53
4
Maintaining the Split/Splitless Inlet
5 Completely loosen the two screws that secure the split
vent valve in place.
6 Lift the filter trap assembly and split vent valve from the
mounting bracket together and unscrew the split vent
front weldment on the filter trap assembly. Be careful not
to stress the tubing between the split vent valve and the
trap.
7 Remove the old filter cartridge and two O- rings.
8 Verify the new O- rings are seated properly on the new
filter cartridge.
9 Install the new filter cartridge then reassemble the trap.
Do not fully tighten yet.
10 Place the filter trap assembly in the mounting bracket and
install the retaining clip.
11 Install the split vent valve.
12 Fully tighten the split vent front weldment onto the trap.
13 Check for leaks.
54
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the Split/Splitless Inlet
4
14 Restore the analytical method.
15 Reset the split vent trap counter.
16 Install the pneumatics cover.
Maintaining Your GC
55
4
Maintaining the Split/Splitless Inlet
To Clean the Split/Splitless Inlet
1 Gather the following:
• Replacement septum (See “Consumables and Parts for
the Split/Splitless Inlet” on page 36.)
• Replacement liner
• Replacement O- ring
• Replacement gold seal
• Replacement washer
• Solvent that will clean the type of deposits in your
inlet
• Compressed, filtered, dry air or nitrogen
• Beaker
• Cleaning brushes—The FID cleaning kit (part number
9301- 0985) contains appropriate brushes
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If the inlet is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
3 Remove the inlet liner. (See “To Change the Liner and
O- Ring on the Split/Splitless Inlet” on page 48.)
4 Disconnect the column from the inlet.
5 Remove the reducing nut and gold seal. (See “To Replace
the Gold Seal on the Split/Splitless Inlet” on page 51.)
6 Place a beaker in the oven under the inlet to catch the
solvent.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
7 Soak a cleaning brush in the solvent and scrub the inside
of the inlet weldment. Repeat 10 times.
8 Rinse the inlet with the solvent.
56
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the Split/Splitless Inlet
4
9 Blow the inside of the inlet dry with compressed air or
nitrogen.
10 Install the gold seal and reducing nut.
11 Install the liner and O- ring.
12 Install the column. (See “To Install a Capillary Column
with the Split/Splitless Inlet” on page 40.)
13 Check for leaks.
14 Bakeout contaminants. (See “To Bakeout Contaminants
from the Split/Splitless Inlet” on page 58.)
15 Restore the analytical method.
16 Reset the septum and liner EMF counters.
Maintaining Your GC
57
4
Maintaining the Split/Splitless Inlet
To Bakeout Contaminants from the Split/Splitless Inlet
1 Put the inlet into split mode.
2 Set the column flow to the normal operating value, or set
the capillary column gas velocity to 30 cm/s.
3 Set the inlet split vent flow to 200 mL/min.
4 Purge the column with carrier flow for at least
10 minutes before heating the oven.
5 If the column is attached to the detector, set the detector
25 °C above normal operating temperature.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven, inlet, and/or detector may be hot enough to
cause burns. If they are hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect
your hands.
If the column is not attached to the detector, cap the
detector fitting.
6 Set the inlet temperature to 300 °C or 25 °C above the
normal operating temperature to bakeout contaminants
from the inlet, mostly through the split vent.
7 Set the column oven 25 °C above the GC method final
oven temperature to bake contaminants from the column.
Do not exceed the column manufacturer’s maximum
temperature limit.
8 Bakeout for 30 minutes or until the detector baseline is
free of contamination peaks.
58
Maintaining Your GC
Agilent 7890A Gas Chromatograph
Maintaining Your GC
5
Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
Consumables and Parts for the Purged Packed Inlet 60
Exploded Parts View of the Purged Packed Inlet 63
To Install a Capillary Column with the Purged Packed Inlet 64
To Change the Septum on the Purged Packed Inlet 68
To Clean the Septum Seat in the Purged Packed Inlet 70
To Install an Adapter on the Purged Packed Inlet 72
To Change the O-Ring on the Purged Packed Inlet 74
To Change the Glass Liner on the Purged Packed Inlet 75
To Install an Insulation Cup on the Purged Packed Inlet 77
To Clean the Purged Packed Inlet 78
To Bakeout Contaminants from the Purged Packed Inlet 80
To Install a Packed Metal Column 81
To Install a Packed Column Adapter on a Detector Fitting 83
To Install a Packed Glass Column 85
To Condition a Packed Column 88
To Install Ferrules on a Packed Metal Column 90
Agilent Technologies
59
5
Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
Consumables and Parts for the Purged Packed Inlet
See the Agilent catalog for consumables and supplies for a
more complete listing, or visit the Agilent Web site for the latest
information (www.agilent.com/chem/supplies).
Table 8
Purged packed inlet parts
Description
Part number/quantity
Preventative maintenance kit
5188-6498
Purged packed glass liners and column adapters
Glass liner
5080-8732 (25/pack) or
5181-3382 deactivated
(5/pack)
0.53-mm column adapter
19244-80540
1/8-inch column adapter
19243-80530
1/4-inch column adapter
19243-80540
Recommended septa and O-rings for the purged packed inlet
11-mm solid septum, low-bleed, red
5181-1263 (50/pk)
11-mm septum with partial through-hole,
low-bleed, red
5181-3383 (50/pk)
11-mm septum, low-bleed, gray
5080-8896 (50/pk)
Merlin Microseal septum (30 psi)
5181-8815
11-mm high-temperature silicone septum
(350 °C and higher)
5182-0739 (50/pk)
Viton O-ring (Top insert weldment)
5080-8898 (12/pk)
Table 9
60
Nuts and ferrules for packed columns
Description
Typical use
Part number/quantity
1/8-inch id Swagelok
stainless steel nut, front
ferrule, back ferrule
1/8-inch column
5080-8751 (20 each/pk)
1/8-inch id Swagelok
brass nut, front ferrule,
back ferrule
1/8-inch column
5080-8750 (20 each/pk)
1/8-inch id Vespel/
graphite ferrule
1/8-inch column
0100-1332 (10/pk)
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
Table 9
Table 10
5
Nuts and ferrules for packed columns (continued)
Description
Typical use
Part number/quantity
1/8-inch id
brass tubing nut
1/8-inch column
5180-4103 (10/pk)
1/4-inch id Swagelok
stainless steel nut, front
ferrule, back ferrule
1/4-inch column
5080-8753 (20 each/pk)
1/4-inch id Swagelok
brass nut, front ferrule,
back ferrule
1/4-inch column
5080-8752 (20 each/pk)
1/4-inch id Vespel/
graphite ferrule
Inlet/detector
liner/adapters
1/4-inch column
5080-8774 (10/pk)
1/4-inch id
brass tubing nut
1/4-inch column
5180-4105 (10/pk)
Nuts, ferrules, and hardware for capillary columns
Column id (mm)
Description
Typical use
Part number/quantity
.530
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.8-mm id
0.45-mm and 0.53-mm capillary
columns
5062-3512 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 1.0-mm id
0.53-mm capillary columns
5080-8773 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
0.53-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8293
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.5-mm id
0.32-mm capillary columns
5062-3514 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.4-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, and 0.25-mm
capillary columns
5181-3323 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.37-mm id
0.1-mm and 0.2-mm capillary
columns
5062-3516 (10/pk)
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.4-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, and 0.25-mm
capillary columns
5181-3323 (10/pk)
.320
.250
.100 and .200
Maintaining Your GC
61
5
Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
Table 10
Nuts, ferrules, and hardware for capillary columns (continued)
Column id (mm)
All
62
Description
Typical use
Part number/quantity
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
Ferrule, no-hole
Testing
5181-3308 (10/pk)
Capillary column blanking nut
Testing–use with any ferrule
5020-8294
Column nut, universal
Connect column to inlet or detector
5181-8830 (2/pk)
Column cutter, ceramic wafer
Cutting capillary columns
5181-8836 (4/pk)
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
5
Exploded Parts View of the Purged Packed Inlet
Merlin cap
Merlin Microseal
Septum nut
Septum
Top insert weldment
O-ring
Glass liner
Ferrule
Adapter nut
Adapter
Insulation
Insulation cup
Ferrule
Column nut
Maintaining Your GC
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5
Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
To Install a Capillary Column with the Purged Packed Inlet
1 Gather the following:
• Column
• Ferrule (See “Consumables and Parts for the Purged
Packed Inlet” on page 60.)
• Column nut
• Glass liner
• Viton O- ring
• 0.53- mm column adapter
• Septum
• 1/4- inch wrench
• Metric ruler
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If the inlet is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
WA R N I N G
Wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from flying particles
while handling, cutting, or installing glass or fused silica capillary
columns. Use care in handling these columns to prevent puncture
wounds.
3 Install a 0.53- mm column adapter. (See “To Install an
Adapter on the Purged Packed Inlet” on page 72.)
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
4 Install a new Viton O- ring. (See “To Change the O- Ring
on the Purged Packed Inlet” on page 74.)
5 Place a septum, capillary column nut, and ferrule on the
column.
64
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
5
Ferrule
Column nut
Septum
6 Score the column using a glass scribing tool. The score
must be square to ensure a clean break.
7 Break off the column end by supporting it against the
column cutter opposite the scribe. Inspect the end with a
magnifying loupe to make certain there are no burrs or
jagged edges.
8 Wipe the column walls with a tissue dampened with
isopropanol to remove fingerprints and dust.
9 Position the column so it extends 1 to 2 mm above the
end of the ferrule. Slide the septum up the column to
hold the column nut at this fixed position.
1%2 mm
Maintaining Your GC
65
5
Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
10 Thread the column nut into the inlet adapter but do not
tighten.
11 Adjust the column position so that the septum is even
with the bottom of the column nut. Finger- tighten the
column nut until it begins to grip the column.
12 Tighten the column nut an additional 1/4 to 1/2 turn
with a wrench so that the column cannot be pulled from
the fitting with gentle pressure.
13 Configure the new column.
14 Condition the column per the manufacturer’s
recommendation. (See To Condition a Capillary Column.)
15 Install the column into the detector. See:
• To Install a Capillary Column in the FID
• To Install a Capillary Column in the NPD
• To Install a Capillary Column in the TCD
• To Install a Capillary Column in the uECD
• To Install a Capillary Column Adapter in the FPD
16 After the column is installed at both inlet and detector,
establish a flow of carrier gas and purge as recommended
by the column manufacturer.
17 Restore the analytical method.
• For FPD, immediately turn off the flame.
• For NPD, immediately set the bead voltage to 0.0.
18 After the GC becomes ready, wait 10 minutes then ignite
the detector flame or adjust offset on the NPD bead.
66
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
WA R N I N G
5
Be careful! The oven, inlet, and/or detector may be hot enough to
cause burns. If the oven, inlet, or detector is hot, wear
heat-resistant gloves to protect your hands.
19 Allow the oven, inlet, and detector to equilibrate at
operating temperature, then retighten the fittings.
Maintaining Your GC
67
5
Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
To Change the Septum on the Purged Packed Inlet
1 Gather the following:
• Replacement septum (See “Consumables and Parts for
the Purged Packed Inlet” on page 60.)
• Septum nut wrench
• 0- or 00- grade steel wool (optional)
• Tweezers
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If the inlet is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
3 Remove the septum retainer nut or Merlin cap.
4 Use tweezers to remove the septum or Merlin Microseal
from the retainer nut. Do not gouge or scratch the
interior of the septum head.
Septum retainer nut
Septum
5 Firmly press the new septum or Merlin Microseal into the
fitting. The metal parts side of the Merlin Microseal
should face down (toward the oven).
68
Maintaining Your GC
5
Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
Merlin Microseal and cap
Standard septum
6 Replace the septum retainer nut or Merlin cap and
finger- tighten. Tighten the septum retainer nut until the
C- ring is about 1 mm above the nut.
CAUTION
Overtightening the septum nut can cause contamination.
1 mm
7 Restore the analytical method.
8 Reset the septum counter.
Maintaining Your GC
69
5
Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
To Clean the Septum Seat in the Purged Packed Inlet
1 Gather the following:
• Replacement septum (See “Consumables and Parts for
the Purged Packed Inlet” on page 60.)
• Septum nut wrench
• 0- or 00- grade steel wool (optional)
• Tweezers
• Compressed, filtered, dry air or nitrogen
• Ultrasonic cleaning bath
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If the inlet is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
3 Remove the septum retainer nut or Merlin cap.
4 Loosen the top insert weldment and remove.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
5 Use tweezers to remove the septum or Merlin Microseal
from the top insert weldment. Do not gouge or scratch
the interior of the septum head.
6 Scrub the residue from the top insert weldment and
septum nut with a small piece of rolled- up steel wool and
tweezers. Ultrasonically clean the retainer nut and top
insert weldment.
7 Use compressed air or nitrogen to blow away the pieces
of steel wool and septum.
8 Wearing gloves, inspect the O- ring and replace, if
necessary. (See “To Change the O- Ring on the Purged
Packed Inlet” on page 74.)
9 Install the top insert weldment and hand- tighten firmly.
70
Maintaining Your GC
5
Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
10 Firmly press the new septum or Merlin Microseal into the
fitting.
11 Install the septum retainer nut or Merlin cap and
finger- tighten. Tighten the septum retainer nut until the
C- ring is about 1 mm above the nut.
CAUTION
Overtightening the septum nut can cause contamination.
1 mm
12 Restore the analytical method.
13 Reset the septum counter.
Maintaining Your GC
71
5
Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
To Install an Adapter on the Purged Packed Inlet
1 Gather the following:
• Brass tubing nut (see “Consumables and Parts for the
Purged Packed Inlet” on page 60.)
• Adapter (0.53 mm, 1/8- inch packed, or 1/4- inch
packed)
• 7/16- inch and 9/16- inch wrench
• Vespel/graphite ferrule
• Methanol
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If the inlet is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
3 Clean the end of the adapter with a lint- free cloth and
methanol to remove contamination such as fingerprints.
4 Place the tubing nut and Vespel/graphite ferrule on the
adapter.
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Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
5
Inlet fitting
Ferrule
Tubing nut
Adapter
5 Insert the adapter straight into the inlet base as far as
possible.
6 Hold the adapter in this position and finger- tighten the
nut.
7 Tighten an additional 1/4 turn with a wrench.
Maintaining Your GC
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5
Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
To Change the O-Ring on the Purged Packed Inlet
1 Gather the following:
• Replacement O- ring (See “Consumables and Parts for
the Purged Packed Inlet” on page 60.)
• Septum nut wrench
• Tweezers
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If the inlet is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
3 Loosen the top insert weldment to remove the top portion
of the inlet.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
4 Use tweezers to remove the old O- ring.
5 Insert a new O- ring.
6 Install and tighten the top insert weldment.
7 Restore the analytical method.
74
Maintaining Your GC
5
Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
To Change the Glass Liner on the Purged Packed Inlet
1 Gather the following:
• Replacement glass liner (See “Consumables and Parts
for the Purged Packed Inlet” on page 60.)
• 9/16- inch wrench
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If the inlet is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
3 Loosen the top insert weldment to remove the top portion
of the inlet.
Top insert weldment
Flared end
Glass liner
4 Use a thin wire or wood splint to carefully lift and
remove the old glass liner.
CAUTION
Maintaining Your GC
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
75
5
Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
5 Wearing gloves, inspect the O- ring and replace, if
necessary. (See “To Change the O- Ring on the Purged
Packed Inlet” on page 74.)
6 Wearing gloves, grasp the flared end (top) of the
replacement glass liner with tweezers and install it in the
inlet. If the glass liner does not seat properly because a
capillary column is installed, remove the column, install
the glass liner, and replace the column. (See “To Install a
Capillary Column with the Purged Packed Inlet” on
page 64.)
7 Install the top insert weldment and hand- tighten firmly.
8 Restore the analytical method.
9 Set the liner counter.
76
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
5
To Install an Insulation Cup on the Purged Packed Inlet
1 Gather the following:
• No- hole ferrule
• Column nut
2 Install a plug (for example, a column nut with no- hole
ferrule) in the inlet capillary adapter.
3 Push the cup spring to the right. Slide the cup over the
inlet fitting so that the insulation at the top of the cup is
flush against the oven roof.
4 Place the spring into the groove in the inlet liner. Remove
the column nut and no- hole ferrule.
Maintaining Your GC
77
5
Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
To Clean the Purged Packed Inlet
1 Gather the following:
• Replacement O- ring (See “Consumables and Parts for
the Purged Packed Inlet” on page 60.)
• Replacement glass liner
• Replacement septum
• Solvent that will clean the type of deposits in your
inlet
• Compressed, filtered, dry air or nitrogen
• Beaker
• Cleaning brushes—The FID cleaning kit (part number
9301- 0985) contains appropriate brushes
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If the inlet is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
3 Remove the column.
4 Remove the septum nut and septum.
5 Remove the top insert weldment.
6 Remove the glass liner and O- ring.
7 If used, remove the adapter.
8 Ultrasonically clean the septum nut, top insert weldment,
and adapter (if used) in a suitable solvent.
9 Place a beaker in the oven under the inlet to catch the
solvent.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
10 Soak a cleaning brush with the solvent and vigorously
scrub the interior walls of the inlet.
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Maintaining Your GC
5
Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
11 Blow the inside of the inlet dry with compressed air or
nitrogen.
12 Install the adapter, if used. (See “To Install an Adapter on
the Purged Packed Inlet” on page 72.)
13 Install the glass liner and O- ring. (See “To Change the
Glass Liner on the Purged Packed Inlet” on page 75.)
14 Install the top insert weldment and finger- tighten.
15 Install the septum and septum nut. (See “To Change the
Septum on the Purged Packed Inlet” on page 68.)
16 Attach the column. (See “To Install a Capillary Column
with the Purged Packed Inlet” on page 64.)
17 Check for leaks.
18 Restore the analytical method.
19 Set the septum and glass liner counters.
Maintaining Your GC
79
5
Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
To Bakeout Contaminants from the Purged Packed Inlet
1 Set the column flow to the normal operating value, or set
the capillary column gas velocity to 30 cm/s.
2 Purge the column with carrier flow for at least
10 minutes before heating the oven.
3 If the column is attached to the detector, set the detector
25 °C above normal operating temperature.
If the column is not attached to the detector, cap the
detector fitting.
4 Set the inlet temperature to 300 °C or 25 °C above the
normal operating temperature.
5 Set the column oven 25 °C above the GC method final
oven temperature to bake contaminants out of the inlet.
Do not exceed the column manufacturer’s maximum
temperature limit.
6 Bakeout for 30 minutes or until the detector baseline is
free of contamination peaks.
80
Maintaining Your GC
5
Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
To Install a Packed Metal Column
1 Gather the following:
• 7/16- inch, 9/16- inch, and 1/2- inch wrenches
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
3 Prepare the packed metal column. (See “To Install
Ferrules on a Packed Metal Column” on page 90.)
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven, inlet, and/or detector may be hot enough to
cause burns. If the oven, inlet, or detector is hot, wear
heat-resistant gloves to protect your hands.
4 Install the 1/8- inch or 1/4- inch packed column inlet
adapter, if necessary. (See “To Install an Adapter on the
Purged Packed Inlet” on page 72.)
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
5 Attach the column to the inlet adapter. Finger- tighten the
nut.
6 Tighten the nut an additional 1/4 turn with a wrench (for
a 1/8- inch column) or an additional 3/4 turn (for a
1/4- inch column).
Use two wrenches, one on the column nut and the other
on the adapter, to prevent the adapter from rotating.
7 Press [Config], [Column 1] or [Column 2], enter 0.00 in either
Length or Diameter, and identify the inlet and detector to
which the column is attached.
WA R N I N G
Do not use hydrogen as the carrier for conditioning! It could vent
into the oven and present an explosion hazard.
8 Condition the column, if necessary. (See “To Condition a
Packed Column” on page 88.)
Maintaining Your GC
81
5
Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
9 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven, inlet, and/or detector may be hot enough to
cause burns. If the oven, inlet, or detector is hot, wear
heat-resistant gloves to protect your hands.
10 If required, install the detector adapter. (See “To Install a
Packed Column Adapter on a Detector Fitting” on
page 83.)
11 Attach the column to the detector or detector adapter.
Finger- tighten the nut.
12 Tighten the nut an additional 1/4 turn with a wrench (for
a 1/8- inch column) or an additional 3/4 turn (for a
1/4- inch column).
13 Establish a flow of carrier gas and purge as recommended
by the packing manufacturer. Generally:
• 20 to 30 mL/min for 2- mm id glass or 1/8- inch od
metal columns
• 50 to 60 mL/min for 4- mm id glass or 1/4- inch od
metal columns
14 Restore the analytical method.
• For FPD, immediately turn off the flame.
• For NPD, immediately set the bead voltage to 0.0.
15 After the GC becomes ready, wait 10 minutes then ignite
the detector flame or adjust offset on the NPD bead.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven, inlet, and/or detector may be hot enough to
cause burns. If the oven, inlet, or detector is hot, wear
heat-resistant gloves to protect your hands.
16 Allow the oven, inlet, and detector to equilibrate at
operating temperature, then retighten the fittings.
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Maintaining Your GC
5
Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
To Install a Packed Column Adapter on a Detector Fitting
1 Gather the following:
• 7/16- inch, 9/16- inch, and 1/2- inch wrenches
• Vespel/graphite ferrule (See “Consumables and Parts
for the Purged Packed Inlet” on page 60.)
• Brass column nut
• Lint- free gloves
• Adapter.
Select the appropriate adapter from one of the parts lists
shown below:
• Consumables and Parts for the FID (Packed columns
can only be installed on an adaptable FID.)
• Consumables and Parts for the TCD
• Consumables and Parts for the NPD
Consumables and Parts for the FPD
2 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The detector may be hot enough to cause burns. If the
detector is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your hands.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
3 Assemble a nut and a ferrule onto the adapter.
4 Insert the adapter straight into the detector base as far as
possible.
Maintaining Your GC
83
5
Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
5 Hold the adapter in this position and finger- tighten the
nut.
6 Tighten an additional 1/4 turn with a wrench (for a
1/8- inch column) or an additional 3/4 turn (for a
1/4- inch column).
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Maintaining Your GC
5
Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
To Install a Packed Glass Column
1 Gather the following:
• 9/16- inch wrench
• Two 1/4- inch brass nuts (See “Consumables and Parts
for the Purged Packed Inlet” on page 60.)
• Two 1/4- inch Vespel/graphite ferrules
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven, inlet, and/or detector may be hot enough to
cause burns. If the oven, inlet, or detector is hot, wear
heat-resistant gloves to protect your hands.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
3 Assemble a brass nut and Vespel/graphite ferrule on each
end of the column.
Glass columns must be simultaneously inserted into the
inlet and detector and installed parallel to the oven door.
When conditioning the column, do not attach the column
to the detector.
4 If conditioning the column, insert the column into the
purged packed inlet until it bottoms. Withdraw the
column 1 to 2 mm. Finger- tighten the inlet column nut.
(See “To Condition a Packed Column” on page 88.)
CAUTION
Maintaining Your GC
Overtightening the column nut or forcing it to bottom in either the
inlet or detector may shatter the column.
85
5
Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
5 Tighten the inlet column nut 1/4 turn with a wrench.
WA R N I N G
Do not use hydrogen as the carrier for conditioning! It could vent
into the oven and present an explosion hazard.
6 After conditioning, remove the column from the inlet.
7 Simultaneously insert the column into the inlet and
detector fittings but do not force it. It may be necessary to
start the long end of the column in the inlet at an angle to
clear the oven floor.
8 Withdraw the column 1 to 2 mm from both the inlet and
detector. Finger- tighten both column nuts.
CAUTION
Overtightening the column nut or forcing it to bottom in either the
inlet or detector may shatter the column.
9 Tighten both column nuts 1/4 turn with a wrench.
10 Press [Config], [Column 1] or [Column 2], enter 0.00 in either
Length or Diameter, and identify the inlet and detector to
which the column is connected.
11 Establish a flow of carrier gas and purge as recommended
by the packing manufacturer. Generally:
• 20 to 30 mL/min for 2- mm id glass or 1/8- inch od
metal columns
• 50 to 60 mL/min for 4- mm id glass or 1/4- inch od
metal columns
12 Restore the analytical method.
• For FPD, immediately turn off the flame.
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Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
5
• For NPD, immediately set the bead voltage to 0.0.
13 After the GC becomes ready, wait 10 minutes then ignite
the detector flame or adjust offset on the NPD bead.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven, inlet, and/or detector may be hot enough to
cause burns. If the oven, inlet, or detector is hot, wear
heat-resistant gloves to protect your hands.
14 Allow the oven, inlet, and detector to equilibrate at
operating temperature, then retighten the fittings.
Maintaining Your GC
87
5
Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
To Condition a Packed Column
1 Gather the following:
• Capillary adapter, column nut, and no- hole ferrule (for
FID and NPD), or 1/8- inch Swagelok cap (for TCD and
FPD)
• Two 7/16- inch wrenches
• 1/4- inch open- end wrench
• Lint- free gloves
WA R N I N G
Do not use hydrogen as the carrier for conditioning! It could vent
into the oven and present an explosion hazard.
2 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven, inlet, and/or detector may be hot enough to
cause burns. If the oven, inlet, or detector is hot, wear
heat-resistant gloves to protect your hands.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
3 Install the proper liner in the inlet and attach the
column. (See “To Install a Packed Metal Column” on
page 81.)
4 Cap the detector(s) fittings with the capillary adapter,
no- hole ferrule and column nut (FID and NPD) or
1/8- inch cap (FPD and TCD).
5 Enter a column flow as recommended by the packing
manufacturer or an appropriate flow as follows:
• 20 to 30 mL/min for 2- mm id glass or 1/8- inch od
metal columns
• 50 to 60 mL/min for 4- mm id glass or 1/4- inch od
metal columns
6 Raise the oven temperature slowly to the conditioning
temperature for the column. The conditioning temperature
88
Maintaining Your GC
5
Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
is never higher than the maximum temperature limit for
the column; 30 °C less than the maximum is usually
sufficient.
7 Continue conditioning overnight at the final temperature.
Cool the oven to room temperature with carrier flow on.
8 Attach the column to the detector and maintain
established flow. (See “To Install a Packed Metal Column”
on page 81.)
Maintaining Your GC
89
5
Maintaining the Purged Packed Inlet
To Install Ferrules on a Packed Metal Column
1 Gather the following:
• Wrenches
• Stainless steel male Swagelok fitting, 1/4- or 1/8- inch
od
• Brass Swagelok nut and ferrule set (See “Consumables
and Parts for the Purged Packed Inlet” on page 60.)
• Lint- free gloves
2 Verify that the column end is cut square and is free of
burns and deformation.
3 Secure the fitting in a bench vise.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
4 Assemble a Swagelok nut and ferrules onto the column.
Front ferrule
Back ferrule
Column nut
5 Fully insert the column into the vise- held fitting, then
withdraw 1–2 mm. Finger- tighten the nut.
6 Tighten the nut an additional 3/4 turn with a wrench (for
a 1/8- inch column) or an additional 1- 1/4 turn (for a
1/4- inch column).
7 Unscrew the column nut from the vise- held fitting and
remove the column. Ferrules should now be set in place
on the column with the column end correctly positioned.
90
Maintaining Your GC
Agilent 7890A Gas Chromatograph
Maintaining Your GC
6
Maintaining the COC Inlet
Consumables and Parts for the COC Inlet 92
Exploded Parts View of the COC Inlet 95
To Install a Capillary Column with the COC Inlet 96
To Check the Needle-to-Column Size on the COC Inlet 99
To Change a Septum on the COC Inlet 101
To Install an Insert on the COC Inlet 103
To Clean the COC Inlet 105
To Replace the Needle Support Assembly in a 7683B Injector 107
To Replace a Needle in a Syringe 110
To Replace the Fused Silica Needle in a Syringe for the COC Inlet 111
To Bakeout Contaminants from the COC Inlet 113
Agilent Technologies
91
6
Maintaining the COC Inlet
Consumables and Parts for the COC Inlet
See the Agilent catalog for consumables and supplies for a
more complete listing, or visit the Agilent Web site for the
latest information (www.agilent.com/chem/supplies).
Table 11
Column type
Part number
Insert, fused silica, 0.53-mm id
19245-20580 (no rings)
Insert, aluminum-clad, 0.53-mm id
19245-20780 (4 rings)
Septum nut, 530 µm
G1545-80520
Needle support assembly, 530 µm, for 7683B
injector
G2913-60977
Table 12
Recommended parts for injections onto 0.25-mm and 0.32-mm
columns
Column type
Part number
Insert, fused silica, 0.32-mm id
19245-20525 (5 rings)
Insert, 0.25-mm id
19245-20515 (6 rings)
Septum nut, 250/320 µm
19245-80521
Syringe barrel, removable needle, 5 µL
5182-0836
Needle, 250 µm (3/pk)
5182-0833
Needle, 320 µm (3/pk)
5182-0831
Needle support assembly,250/320 µm, for 7683B
injector
G2913-60978
Table 13
92
Recommended septum nut and inserts for injections onto
0.53-mm columns
Recommended parts for injections onto 0.2-mm columns
Description
Part number/quantity
Insert, fused silica, 0.20-mm id
19245-20510
Cooling tower assembly
19230-80625
Syringe barrel, for fused silica needle, 10 µL
9301-0658
Replacement needles, fused silica, 0.18 mm
19091-63000 (6/pk)
Replacement PTFE ferrule for fused silica syringe
0100-1389
Removable stainless steel needle syringe, 10 µL
5182-9633
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the COC Inlet
Table 13
Recommended parts for injections onto 0.2-mm columns
Description
Part number/quantity
Replacement stainless steel needles, 0.23 mm
5182-9645 (3/pk)
Table 14
6
Recommended septa for the COC inlet
Description
Part number/quantity
For 0.53-mm and 0.25/0.32-mm septum nuts
5-mm solid septum for manual and automatic
injection
5181-1261
5-mm long-life septum
5183-4762 (50/pk)
5-mm advanced green septum
5183-4760 (50/pk)
5-mm, high-temperature, low-bleed septum
5183-4758 (50/pk)
5-mm through-hole septum for automatic
injection
5181-1260 (25/pk)
For the duckbill septum
Duckbill septum for manual injection only (must
use cooling tower with duckbill)
Table 15
19245-40050 (10/pk)
Nuts, ferrules, and hardware for capillary columns
Column id (mm)
Description
Typical use
Part number/quantity
.530
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.8-mm id
0.45-mm and 0.53-mm capillary
columns
5062-3512 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 1.0-mm id
0.53-mm capillary columns
5080-8773 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
0.53-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8293
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.5-mm id
0.32-mm capillary columns
5062-3514 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.4-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, and 0.25-mm
capillary columns
5181-3323 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
.320
.250
Maintaining Your GC
93
6
Maintaining the COC Inlet
Table 15
Nuts, ferrules, and hardware for capillary columns (continued)
Column id (mm)
.100 and .200
All
94
Description
Typical use
Part number/quantity
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.37-mm id
0.1-mm and 0.2-mm capillary
columns
5062-3516 (10/pk)
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.4-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, and 0.25-mm
capillary columns
5181-3323 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
Ferrule, no-hole
Testing
5181-3308 (10/pk)
Capillary column blanking nut
Testing–use with any ferrule
5020-8294
Column nut, universal
Connect column to inlet or detector
5181-8830 (2/pk)
Column cutter, ceramic wafer
Cutting capillary columns
5181-8836 (4/pk)
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the COC Inlet
6
Exploded Parts View of the COC Inlet
Septum nut
(0.53 mm)
Cooling tower assembly
Septum nut
(0.25-mm and 0.32-mm
columns)
Septum
Duckbill septum
Spring
Insert
Ferrule
Column nut
Maintaining Your GC
95
6
Maintaining the COC Inlet
To Install a Capillary Column with the COC Inlet
1 Gather the following:
• Column nut and ferrule. (See “Consumables and Parts
for the COC Inlet” on page 92.)
• Column cutter
• 1/4- inch and 5/16- inch wrenches
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If either is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
WA R N I N G
Wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from flying particles
while handling, cutting, or installing glass or fused silica capillary
columns. Use care in handling these columns to prevent puncture
wounds.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
3 Before installing the column, be sure the correct insert is
installed for the needle and column. (See “To Install an
Insert on the COC Inlet” on page 103.)
4 Place a capillary column nut and ferrule on the column.
Ferrule
Column nut
5 Score the column using a glass scribing tool. The score
must be square to ensure a clean break.
96
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the COC Inlet
6
6 Break off the column end by supporting it against the
column cutter opposite the scribe. Inspect the end with a
magnifying loupe to make certain there are no burrs or
jagged edges.
7 Wipe the column walls with a tissue dampened with
isopropanol to remove fingerprints and dust.
8 Gently insert the column into the inlet until it bottoms.
9 Insert the column nut into the inlet fitting and
finger- tighten.
WA R N I N G
To avoid bending the inlet, always use two wrenches. Use a
5/16-inch wrench to support the inlet while tightening the column
nut with a 1/4-inch wrench.
10 Tighten the column nut an additional 1/4 turn with a
wrench or until the column does not move.
11 If using an automatic injection system with a 0.25- mm or
0.32- mm column, verify that the column installation by
manually pushing the syringe into the inlet.
12 Configure the new column.
13 Condition the column per the manufacturer’s
recommendation. (See To Condition a Capillary Column.)
Maintaining Your GC
97
6
Maintaining the COC Inlet
14 Install the column into the detector. See:
• To Install a Capillary Column in the FID
• To Install a Capillary Column in the NPD
• To Install a Capillary Column in the TCD
• To Install a Capillary Column in the uECD
• To Install a Capillary Column Adapter in the FPD
15 After the column is installed at both inlet and detector,
establish a flow of carrier gas and purge as recommended
by the column manufacturer.
16 Restore the analytical method.
• For FPD, immediately turn off the flame.
• For NPD, immediately set the bead voltage to 0.0.
17 After the GC becomes ready, wait 10 minutes then ignite
the detector flame or adjust offset on the NPD bead.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven, inlet, and/or detector may be hot enough to
cause burns. If they are hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect
your hands.
18 Allow the oven, inlet, and detector to equilibrate at
operating temperature, then retighten the fittings.
98
Maintaining Your GC
6
Maintaining the COC Inlet
To Check the Needle-to-Column Size on the COC Inlet
1 Gather the following:
• Insert (See “Consumables and Parts for the COC Inlet”
on page 92.)
• Syringe needle
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If either is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
WA R N I N G
Wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from flying particles
while handling, cutting, or installing glass or fused silica capillary
columns. Use care in handling these columns to prevent puncture
wounds.
3 Check the needle- to- column size to make certain that the
needle fits in the column.
4 Identify the correct insert for the column size. (See
“Consumables and Parts for the COC Inlet” on page 92.)
Use the insert that is the same size as the syringe needle
to verify that the column you plan to use is the correct
size.
5 Insert the column into one end of the insert.
Syringe
Insert
Column
6 Insert the syringe needle through the other end of the
insert and into the column. If the needle cannot pass
Maintaining Your GC
99
6
Maintaining the COC Inlet
easily into the column, reverse the insert to try the
needle and column in the other end.
100
Maintaining Your GC
6
Maintaining the COC Inlet
To Change a Septum on the COC Inlet
1 Gather the following:
• Replacement septum. (See “Consumables and Parts for
the COC Inlet” on page 92.)
• Tweezers
• A thin wire (0.2- inch diameter) for removing septum
from inlet
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If either is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
3 Replace the septum.
• If you are using a septum nut, grasp the knurling and
unscrew. Remove the old septum with tweezers. Use
tweezers to install a new septum. Push the septum into
the septum nut until properly seated. Firmly tighten
the nut.
For 250/320-µm
automated injections
Maintaining Your GC
For 530-µm automated
injections
101
6
Maintaining the COC Inlet
• If you are using a cooling tower, grasp the three rings
and unscrew. The spring and duckbill septum may pop
out of the inlet when you remove the cooling tower. Be
careful not to lose them. If they do not pop out, use a
thin wire to remove them from the inlet. Insert the
replacement duckbill septum into the spring and place
in the inlet. Reattach the cooling tower assembly, then
finger- tighten.
For manual 200-µm injections with
fused silica needle
4 Before making an injection, check the alignment of the
entire assembly using the proper size syringe.
5 Restore the analytical method.
6 Reset the septum counter.
102
Maintaining Your GC
6
Maintaining the COC Inlet
To Install an Insert on the COC Inlet
1 Gather the following:
• Lint- free gloves
• Replacement insert. (See “Consumables and Parts for
the COC Inlet” on page 92.)
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If either is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
3 Remove the column from the inlet.
4 Locate the septum nut or cooling tower assembly at the
top of the inlet and remove it. If the septum remains in
the septum nut, do not remove it unless you want to
change it. If necessary, replace the existing septum or
duckbill with a new one. (See “To Change a Septum on
the COC Inlet” on page 101.)
5 Remove the spring from the inlet with an extraction wire
and set it aside. Be careful not to lose or damage it
because you will use the spring to keep the new insert in
position.
6 Remove the existing insert from the inlet by gently
pushing it out from below with a wire or piece of column.
Store the insert for possible later use.
Maintaining Your GC
103
6
Maintaining the COC Inlet
7 Check that the insert is the correct size for both the
needle and column. (See “To Check the Needle- to- Column
Size on the COC Inlet” on page 99.)
8 Lower the new insert straight into the inlet from the top.
9 Install the spring on top of the insert.
10 Install the septum and septum nut or duckbill septum and
cooling tower assembly and finger- tighten.
11 Install the column. (See “To Install a Capillary Column
with the COC Inlet” on page 96.)
104
Maintaining Your GC
6
Maintaining the COC Inlet
To Clean the COC Inlet
1 Gather the following:
• 1/4- inch and 5/16- inch wrenches
• Cleansing bath
• Aqueous detergent
• Distilled water
• Methanol
• Compressed, filtered, dry air or nitrogen
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If either is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
WA R N I N G
Wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from flying particles
while handling, cutting, or installing glass or fused silica capillary
columns. Use care in handling these columns to prevent puncture
wounds.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
3 Remove the column.
4 Remove the septum nut or cooling tower and then remove
the septum.
5 Remove the existing insert from the inlet by gently
pushing it out from below with a wire or piece of column.
Store the insert for possible later use.
Maintaining Your GC
105
6
Maintaining the COC Inlet
6 Fill an ultrasonic cleansing bath with aqueous detergent
and place the spring and insert into it. Sonicate for
1 minute.
7 Drain the aqueous detergent and fill the bath with
distilled water. Sonicate for 1 minute.
8 Remove the spring and insert from the bath and rinse
thoroughly with water and methanol.
9 Dry the spring and insert with compressed air or
nitrogen.
10 Install the insert. (See “To Install an Insert on the COC
Inlet” on page 103.)
11 Install the column. (See “To Install a Capillary Column
with the COC Inlet” on page 96.)
106
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the COC Inlet
6
To Replace the Needle Support Assembly in a 7683B Injector
1 Gather a 7683B needle support assembly for injections
onto 530- µm or 250/320- µm columns.
250 µm/320 µm
(G2913-60978)
530 µm
(standard, G2913-60978)
2 Remove all vials and bottles from the turret, and
disconnect the injector cable from the GC.
3 Open the injector door.
4 Remove the syringe.
5 With your finger under the shaft near the bearing on the
needle support assembly, pull gently to release the bearing
from the bearing clip in the syringe carriage.
Maintaining Your GC
107
6
Maintaining the COC Inlet
Guide
Plunger carrier loop
Bearing clip
Syringe carriage
Slide
Bearing
CAUTION
Do not to pull the assembly by its metal shaft, as it is easily bent.
6 Carefully use the bearing to pull the rod down until you
can lift the assembly out of the syringe carriage.
7 To install the needle support assembly, use your right
hand to insert the upper end of the rod into the plastic
guide to the right of the plunger carrier loop.
108
Maintaining Your GC
6
Maintaining the COC Inlet
8 Turn the needle support assembly so that the flat surface
of the slide glides up and down the syringe carriage
tracks.
Cross-section of slide
alignment
Slide
Needle support
tracks
Syringe latch
9 Align the bearing on the needle support assembly with
the plastic bearing clip to the right of the syringe latch
and push gently on the bearing until the assembly snaps
into place.
CAUTION
Be careful not to bend the needle during installation.
Do not operate the injector without a syringe or align the probe in
place because the free-swinging syringe latch may interfere with
the motor and jam the syringe carriage.
10 Install the syringe.
Maintaining Your GC
109
6
Maintaining the COC Inlet
To Replace a Needle in a Syringe
1 Gather the following (see Table 12, “Recommended parts
for injections onto 0.25- mm and 0.32- mm columns,” on
page 92):
• Syringe barrel
• Needle, 250- µm or 320- µm
2 Unscrew the syringe barrel cap and remove the spring.
3 Make sure that the needle has the PTFE disk as shown
below. If the syringe barrel does not have the PTFE disk,
use the instructions in the syringe box to wrap the
needle.
Plunger
Barrel
PTFE disk
Stop
Needle
Needle
Spring
Cap
4 Slide the spring and the cap over the needle.
5 Insert the needle into the syringe barrel.
6 Screw the cap back on the syringe barrel.
110
Maintaining Your GC
6
Maintaining the COC Inlet
To Replace the Fused Silica Needle in a Syringe for the COC Inlet
NOTE
The fused silica needle and syringe are only used with the cooling tower
and duckbill septum for manual, on-column injections onto 200-µm
columns.
1 Gather the following:
• New fused silica syringe needle (See “Consumables and
Parts for the COC Inlet” on page 92.)
• Solvent
WA R N I N G
Wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from flying particles
while handling, cutting, or installing glass or fused silica capillary
columns. Use care in handling these columns to prevent puncture
wounds.
2 Loosen the retaining nut and remove the old needle.
3 Hold the syringe vertically and insert the new fused silica
needle so it is visible inside the syringe barrel. If the
needle cannot be inserted into the syringe barrel, the
PTFE ferrule may be blocked. You may need to replace
the ferrule.
4 Push the plunger down until it bottoms. The needle will
be flush with the plunger end.
Fused silica needle
PTFE ferrule
5 Finger- tighten the retaining nut. Pull the needle gently to
be sure the PTFE ferrule has formed a tight seal with the
needle. Tighten the retaining nut further, if necessary.
Maintaining Your GC
111
6
Maintaining the COC Inlet
6 Loosen the retaining nut just enough so the needle is
again free.
7 Depress the syringe plunger slowly until it pushes the
needle to the end of the barrel, then finger- tighten the
retaining nut.
8 Use a solvent to rinse the syringe and check for leaks or
blocks. Leaks may be fixed by further tightening the
retaining nut. Blocks or serious leaks require repeating
this procedure.
112
Maintaining Your GC
6
Maintaining the COC Inlet
To Bakeout Contaminants from the COC Inlet
1 Set the column flow to the normal operating value, or set
the capillary column gas velocity to 30 cm/s.
2 Purge the column with carrier flow for at least
10 minutes before heating the oven.
3 Set the inlet mode to Oven Track.
4 If the column is attached to the detector, set the detector
25 °C above normal operating temperature.
If the column is not attached to the detector, cap the
detector fitting.
5 Set the column oven 25 °C above the GC method final
oven temperature to bake contaminants out of the inlet.
Do not exceed the column manufacturer’s maximum
temperature limit.
6 Bakeout for 30 minutes or until the detector baseline is
free of contamination peaks.
Maintaining Your GC
113
6
114
Maintaining the COC Inlet
Maintaining Your GC
Agilent 7890AGas Chromatograph
Maintaining Your GC
7
Maintaining the MMI
Consumables and Parts for the MMI 116
Exploded Parts View of the MMI 119
To Install a Capillary Column with the MMI 120
To Install the Column Nut Adapter 124
To Change the Septum on the MMI 125
To Clean the Septum Seat in the Insert Assembly of the MMI 127
To Change the Liner and O-Ring on the MMI 129
To Replace the Filter in the Split Vent Line for the MMI 132
To Clean the Multimode Inlet 135
To Bakeout Contaminants from the MMI 137
Agilent Technologies
115
7
Maintaining the MMI
Consumables and Parts for the MMI
See the Agilent catalog for consumables and supplies for a
more complete listing, or visit the Agilent Web site for the latest
information (www.agilent.com/chem/supplies).
\<space>
Table 16
Split, splitless, direct, and direct connect inlet liners
Mode
Description
Deactivated
Part number
Split
Low-pressure drop, glass wool, single taper, 870 µL
Yes
5183-4647
Split
Glass wool, 990 µL
No
19251-60540
Split—Manual only
Empty pin and cup, 800 µL
No
18740-80190
Split—Manual only
Packed pin and cup, 800 µL
No
18740-60840
Splitless
Single taper, glass wool, 900 µL
Yes
5062-3587
Splitless
Single taper, no glass wool, 900 µL
Yes
5181-3316
Splitless
Dual taper, no glass wool, 800 µL
Yes
5181-3315
Splitless—Direct inject
2-mm id, quartz, 250 µL
No
18740-80220
Splitless—Direct inject
2-mm id, 250 µL
Yes
5181-8818
Direct inject —Headspace or
purge and trap
1.5-mm id, 140 µL
No
18740-80200
Direct column connect
Single taper, splitless 4-mm id
Yes
G1544-80730
Direct column connect
Dual taper, splitless 4-mm id
Yes
G1544-80700
Table 17
Nuts, ferrules, and hardware for capillary columns
Column id (mm)
Description
Typical use
Part number/quantity
.530
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.8-mm id
0.45-mm and 0.53-mm capillary
columns
5062-3512 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 1.0-mm id
0.53-mm capillary columns
5080-8773 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
0.53-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8293
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.5-mm id
0.32-mm capillary columns
5062-3514 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
.320
116
Maintaining Your GC
7
Maintaining the MMI
Table 17
Nuts, ferrules, and hardware for capillary columns (continued)
Column id (mm)
Description
Typical use
Part number/quantity
.250
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.4-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, and 0.25-mm
capillary columns
5181-3323 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.37-mm id
0.1-mm and 0.2-mm capillary
columns
5062-3516 (10/pk)
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.4-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, and 0.25-mm
capillary columns
5181-3323 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
Ferrule, no-hole
Testing
5181-3308 (10/pk)
Capillary column blanking nut
Testing–use with any ferrule
5020-8294
Column nut, universal
Connect column to inlet or detector
5181-8830 (2/pk)
Column cutter, ceramic wafer
Cutting capillary columns
5181-8836 (4/pk)
.100 and .200
All
Table 18
Maintaining Your GC
Other consumables and parts for the multimode inlet (MMI)
Description/quantity
Part number
Septum retainer nut for headspace
18740-60830
Septum retainer nut
18740-60835
11-mm septum, high-temperature, low-bleed, 50/pk
5183-4757
11-mm septum, prepierced, long life, 50/pk
5183-4761
Merlin Microseal septum (high-pressure)
5182-3444
Merlin Microseal septum (30 psi)
5181-8815
Nonstick fluorocarbon liner O-ring (for temperatures up to
350 °C), 10/pk
5188-5365
Graphite O-ring for split liner (for temperatures above
350 °C), 10/pk
5180-4168
Graphite O-ring for splitless liner (for temperatures above
350 °C), 10/pk
5180-4173
117
7
Maintaining the MMI
Table 18
118
Other consumables and parts for the multimode inlet (MMI)
Description/quantity
Part number
Split vent trap PM kit, single cartridge
5188-6495
Column nut, blanking plug
5020-8294
Cleaning kit, multimode inlet. (Contains 5 each abrasive
swabs and 5 each cotton swabs.)
G3510-60820
Column nut adapter
G3510-20018
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the MMI
7
Exploded Parts View of the MMI
Merlin cap
Merlin Microseal
Septum retainer nut
Septum
Insert assembly
O-ring
Liner
Cryo
Split vent line
Inlet base
Insulation
Foil
Insulation cup
Ferrule
Column nut
Maintaining Your GC
119
7
Maintaining the MMI
To Install a Capillary Column with the MMI
WA R N I N G
Do not use hydrogen as the carrier for conditioning! It could vent
into the oven and present an explosion hazard.
1 Gather the following (see “Consumables and Parts for the
MMI” on page 116):
• Column
• Ferrule(s)
• Column nut
• Septum
• Column cutter
• Isopropanol
• Lab tissue
• Metric ruler
• 1/4- inch open- end wrenches
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If either is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
WA R N I N G
Wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from flying particles
while handling, cutting, or installing glass or fused silica capillary
columns. Use care in handling these columns to prevent puncture
wounds.
3 Verify that the correct glass liner is installed. (See
“Consumables and Parts for the MMI” on page 116.)
4 Place the column on the hanger with the ends pointing up
and the label to the front.
CAUTION
120
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the MMI
7
5 Place a septum, capillary column nut, and ferrule on the
column.
Ferrule
Column nut
Septum
6 Score the column using a glass scribing tool. The score
must be square to ensure a clean break.
7 Break off the column end by supporting it against the
column cutter opposite the scribe. Inspect the end with a
magnifying loupe to make certain there are no burrs or
jagged edges.
8 Wipe the column walls with a tissue dampened with
isopropanol to remove fingerprints and dust.
9 Position the column so it extends 10 to 12 mm above the
end of the ferrule. Slide the septum up the column to
hold the column nut at this position.
10%12 mm
Maintaining Your GC
121
7
Maintaining the MMI
10 While holding the inlet base with a wrench thread the
column nut into the inlet (but do not tighten).
11 Adjust the column position so that the septum contacts
the bottom of the column nut. Finger- tighten the column
nut until it begins to grip the column.
12 While holding the inlet base with one wrench, use the
second wrench to tighten the column nut an additional
1/4 to 1/2 turn so that the column cannot be pulled from
the fitting with gentle pressure.
13 Configure the new column.
14 Condition the column per the manufacturer’s
recommendation. (See To Condition a Capillary Column.)
15 Install the column into the detector. See:
• To Install a Capillary Column in the FID
• To Install a Capillary Column in the NPD
• To Install a Capillary Column in the TCD
• To Install a Capillary Column in the uECD
• To Install a Capillary Column Adapter in the FPD
16 After the column is installed at both inlet and detector,
establish a flow of carrier gas and purge as recommended
by the column manufacturer.
122
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the MMI
7
17 Restore the analytical method.
• For FID or FPD, immediately turn off the flame.
• For NPD, immediately turn off the bead.
18 After the GC becomes ready, wait 10 minutes then ignite
the detector flame or bead.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven, inlet, and/or detector may be hot enough to
cause burns. If they are hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect
your hands.
19 Allow the oven, inlet, and detector to equilibrate at
operating temperature, then retighten the fittings.
Maintaining Your GC
123
7
Maintaining the MMI
To Install the Column Nut Adapter
1 Gather the following (see “Consumables and Parts for the
MMI” on page 116):
• Column nut adapter
2 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If either is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
3 When the GC becomes ready, open the GC oven door.
4 Thread the column adapter nut onto the base of the inlet.
Column nut adapter
Orient as shown.
The nut must spin freely before it can be used to install a
column.
124
Maintaining Your GC
7
Maintaining the MMI
To Change the Septum on the MMI
1 Gather the following:
• Replacement septum. (See “Consumables and Parts for
the MMI” on page 116.)
• Wrench, hex for changing septum
• 0- or 00- grade steel wool (optional)
• Tweezers
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If the inlet is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
3 Remove the septum retainer nut or Merlin cap.
4 Use tweezers to remove the septum or Merlin Microseal
from the insert assembly. Do not gouge or scratch the
interior of the insert assembly.
Septum retainer nut
Septum
Insert assembly
5 Firmly press the new septum or Merlin Microseal into the
fitting. The metal parts side of the Merlin Microseal
should face down (toward the oven).
6 Install the septum retainer nut or Merlin cap and
finger- tighten. Tighten the septum retainer nut until the
C- ring is about 1 mm above the nut.
Maintaining Your GC
125
7
Maintaining the MMI
CAUTION
Overtightening the septum nut can cause contamination.
1 mm
7 Restore the analytical method.
8 Reset the septum counter.
126
Maintaining Your GC
7
Maintaining the MMI
To Clean the Septum Seat in the Insert Assembly of the MMI
1 Gather the following:
• Replacement septum (See “Consumables and Parts for
the MMI” on page 116.)
• Wrench, hex for changing septum
• 0- or 00- grade steel wool (optional)
• Tweezers
• Compressed, filtered, dry air or nitrogen
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If either is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
3 Slide the locking tab forward (counterclockwise). Lift the
septum assembly straight up and away from the inlet to
avoid chipping or breaking the liner.
4 Remove the septum retainer nut or Merlin cap.
Maintaining Your GC
127
7
Maintaining the MMI
5 Use tweezers to remove the septum or Merlin Microseal
from the retainer nut. (See “To Change the Septum on the
MMI” on page 125.)
6 Scrub the residue from the retainer nut and septum
holder with a small piece of rolled- up steel wool and
tweezers. Do not do this over the inlet.
7 Use compressed air or nitrogen to blow away the pieces
of steel wool and septum.
8 Line up the tab on the bottom of the septum assembly
with the slot on the insert assembly and push down to
connect. Slide the locking tab to the left.
9 Firmly press the new septum or Merlin Microseal into the
fitting. (See “To Change the Septum on the MMI” on
page 125.)
10 Replace the septum retainer nut or Merlin cap and
finger- tighten. (See “To Change the Septum on the MMI”
on page 125.)
11 Restore the analytical method.
12 Reset the septum counter.
128
Maintaining Your GC
7
Maintaining the MMI
To Change the Liner and O-Ring on the MMI
1 Gather the following:
• Replacement O- ring (See “Consumables and Parts for
the MMI” on page 116.)
• Replacement liner
• Tweezers
• Wrench, hex for changing septum
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If either is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
3 Slide the locking tab forward (counterclockwise). Lift the
septum assembly straight up and away from the inlet to
avoid chipping or breaking the liner.
4 Loosen the O- ring from the sealing surface with tweezers.
Maintaining Your GC
129
7
Maintaining the MMI
5 Grasp the liner with tweezers and pull it out.
6 Inspect the surface of the seal for contamination. If
required, clean with cotton swabs.
130
Maintaining Your GC
7
Maintaining the MMI
Clean the inlet if there is visible or suspected
contamination. (See “To Clean the Multimode Inlet” on
page 135.)
Clean O- ring residue from sealing surface.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
7 Slide a new O- ring onto the replacement liner.
8 Return the liner to the inlet, pushing it all the way in
until the liner contacts the seal.
9 Line up the tab on the bottom of the septum assembly
with the slot on the insert assembly and push down to
connect. Slide the locking tab to the back.
10 Turn on the inlet. Allow the inlet and column to purge
with carrier gas for 15 minutes before heating the inlet or
the column oven.
11 Bakeout contaminants. (See “To Bakeout Contaminants
from the MMI” on page 137.)
12 Restore the analytical method.
13 Reset the liner counter.
14 Check for leaks.
Maintaining Your GC
131
7
Maintaining the MMI
To Replace the Filter in the Split Vent Line for the MMI
1 Gather the following:
• New filter cartridge. (See “Consumables and Parts for
the MMI” on page 116.)
• T- 20 Torx screwdriver
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If either is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
WA R N I N G
The split vent trap may contain residual amounts of any samples
or other chemicals you have injected into the GC. Follow your
company’s safety procedures for handling these types of
substances while replacing the trap filter cartridge.
3 Remove the pneumatics cover (top, back of GC).
4 Remove the retaining clip.
Split vent valve
Split vent trap
Retaining clip
132
Maintaining Your GC
7
Maintaining the MMI
5 Completely loosen the two screws that secure the split
vent valve in place.
6 Lift the filter trap assembly and split vent valve from the
mounting bracket together and unscrew the split vent
front weldment on the filter trap assembly. Be careful not
to stress the tubing between the split vent valve and the
trap.
7 Remove the old filter cartridge and two O- rings.
8 Verify the new O- rings are seated properly on the new
filter cartridge.
9 Install the new filter cartridge then reassemble the trap.
Do not fully tighten yet.
10 Place the filter trap assembly in the mounting bracket and
install the retaining clip.
11 Install the split vent valve.
12 Fully tighten the split vent front weldment onto the trap.
13 Check for leaks.
Maintaining Your GC
133
7
Maintaining the MMI
14 Restore the analytical method.
15 Reset the split vent trap counter.
16 Install the pneumatics cover.
134
Maintaining Your GC
7
Maintaining the MMI
To Clean the Multimode Inlet
This procedure explains how to clean the Multi Mode Inlet
(MMI). Depending on the inlet mode used, the liner installed,
and the cleanliness of the sample, the frequency of cleaning
may range from weekly to monthly. Start with a visual
inspection of the inlet bottom whenever changing the liner.
A small ring of material will collect at the bottom of the
inlet when injecting dirty samples such as food extracts or
solid waste. Try an initial cleaning schedule of every two
weeks for dirty samples and every two months for clean
samples and adjust as needed.
1 Gather the following:
• Cleaning kit, multimode inlet (G3510- 60820). Contains
5 each abrasive swabs and 5 each cotton swabs.
• Solvent for cleaning (at least 25 mL of acetone,
isopropanol, or hexane, whichever is most appropriate
for your sample matrix).
• 100 mL beaker or similar container to the catch
solvent rinse.
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If the inlet is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
3 Turn off the GC.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
4 Remove the inlet liner. (See “To Change the Liner and
O- Ring on the MMI” on page 129.)
5 Remove the column from the inlet. (See “To Install a
Capillary Column with the MMI” on page 120.)
6 Place the glass beaker or other container in the GC oven,
below the MMI inlet, so it will catch any solvent that
drips through the inlet body.
Maintaining Your GC
135
7
Maintaining the MMI
7 Moisten a cotton swab with solvent and wipe the inside
bottom seal of the inlet repeatedly to remove any loose
material from the MMI. If desired, the cotton swab can be
used to clean the bore of the inlet. For most samples, this
is not necessary. Dispose of the swab after a single use.
8 Using a dry abrasive swab, place the swab all the way to
the bottom of the inlet and with moderate pressure, twist
the swab forwards and backwards while it is in contact
with the bottom of the MMI (approximately 20 cycles
should be sufficient). The abrasive swab can be used
multiple times.
9 Using a second solvent moistened cotton swab, wipe the
bottom of the inlet to remove any residue. Depending on
the amount of use and maximum temperature used, the
bottom of the inlet may still show some oxidation (light
brown color). This is normal and will not affect inlet
performance. Repeat steps 3- 5 (if necessary) to remove
any remaining deposits.
10 Using clean solvent, rinse the inlet volume several times
but never overfill the inlet bore. Position a container
under the column opening in the inlet to catch the used
solvent exiting the bottom of the MMI.
11 Allow the inlet to dry.
12 Install the liner and O- ring.
13 Reinstall the column.
14 Turn on the GC.
15 Check for leaks.
16 Restore the analytical method.
136
Maintaining Your GC
7
Maintaining the MMI
To Bakeout Contaminants from the MMI
1 Put the inlet into split mode.
2 Set the column flow to the normal operating value, or set
the capillary column gas velocity to 30 cm/s.
3 Set the inlet split vent flow to 200 mL/min.
4 Purge the column with carrier flow for at least
10 minutes before heating the oven.
5 If the column is attached to the detector, set the detector
25 °C above normal operating temperature.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven, inlet, and/or detector may be hot enough to
cause burns. If they are hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect
your hands.
If the column is not attached to the detector, cap the
detector fitting.
6 Set the inlet temperature to 300 °C or 25 °C above the
normal operating temperature to bakeout contaminants
from the inlet, mostly through the split vent.
7 Set the column oven 25 °C above the GC method final
oven temperature to bake contaminants from the column.
Do not exceed the column manufacturer’s maximum
temperature limit.
8 Bakeout for 30 minutes or until the detector baseline is
free of contamination peaks.
Maintaining Your GC
137
7
138
Maintaining the MMI
Maintaining Your GC
Agilent 7890A Gas Chromatograph
Maintaining Your GC
8
Maintaining the PTV Inlet
Consumables and Parts for the PTV Inlet 140
Exploded Parts View of the PTV Inlet 142
To Install a Capillary Column with the PTV Inlet 143
To Clean the Septumless Head on the PTV Inlet 146
To Replace the Septumless Head PTFE Ferrule on the PTV Inlet 149
To Change the Septum on the PTV Inlet 151
To Clean the Septum Seat in the Septum Head Assembly of the PTV
Inlet 153
To Change the Liner on the PTV Inlet 155
To Replace the Inlet Adapter for the PTV Inlet 158
To Replace the Filter in the Split Vent Line for the PTV Inlet 160
To Bakeout Contaminants from the PTV Inlet 163
Agilent Technologies
139
8
Maintaining the PTV Inlet
Consumables and Parts for the PTV Inlet
See the Agilent catalog for consumables and supplies for a
more complete listing, or visit the Agilent Web site for the latest
information (www.agilent.com/chem/supplies).
Table 19
PTV liners and ferrules
Description
Part number
Single baffle, 2-mm id, 180-µL, deactivated, glass wool
5183-2038
Single baffle, 2-mm id, 200-µL, deactivated
5183-2036
Multi-baffle, 1.5-mm id, 150-µL, deactivated
5183-2037
Fritted glass, 1.5-mm id, 150-µL, deactivated
5183-2041
Graphpak 3D ferrules for liner
5182-9749 (5/pk)
Installation tool for 3D ferrules
G2617-80540
Table 20
Other consumables and parts for the PTV inlet
Description
Part number
Syringe, 5-µL, 23-gauge fixed-needle
9301-0892
Syringe, 10-µL, 23-gauge fixed-needle
9301-0713
Syringe, 50-µL, 23-gauge fixed-needle, for large volume
injections
5183-0318
Syringe, 100-µL, 23-gauge fixed-needle, for large volume
injections
5183-2058
Split vent trap PM kit, single cartridge
5188-6495
Septumless head
Septumless head
G2617-60507
PTFE ferrules (needle seal)
5182-9748 (10/pk)
Septumless head rebuild kit (includes Viton seal, Kalrez
seal, and pressure spring)
5182-9747
Carrier gas tube for septumless head
G2617-80550
Ferrule, 1/16-inch PTFE, for septumless head carrier gas
tube
0100-1375
Septum head
140
Merlin Microseal septum (high-pressure)
5182-3444
11-mm septa, red
5181-1263 (50/pk)
Maintaining Your GC
8
Maintaining the PTV Inlet
Table 20
Other consumables and parts for the PTV inlet (continued)
Description
Part number
Column adapter parts
Silver seal
5182-9763 (5/pk)
Graphpak 2M inlet adapter, 0.20-mm id*
Graphpak 2M inlet adapter, 0.25- to 0.33-mm id
5182-9754
*
5182-9761
Graphpak 2M inlet adapter, 0.53-mm id*
5182-9762
Ferrules for Graphpak 2M inlet, 0.20-mm id
5182-9756 (10/pk)
Ferrules for Graphpak 2M inlet, 0.25-mm id
5182-9768 (10/pk)
Ferrules for Graphpak 2M inlet, 0.32-mm id
5182-9769 (10/pk)
Ferrules for Graphpak 2M inlet, 0.53-mm id
5182-9770 (10/pk)
Split nut for Graphpak adapter
5062-3525
* Includes (1) adapter, (1) silver seal, and (1) split column nut.
Maintaining Your GC
141
8
Maintaining the PTV Inlet
Exploded Parts View of the PTV Inlet
Guide cap
Septum nut
Merlin cap
37)( ferrule
Septumless head
assembly
Merlin Microseal
Septum
Kalrez seal
Valve body
Pressure spring
Viton seal
Carrier gas
tube
Septum head
Sealing element
Ferrule
Graphpak 3D ferrule
Liner
PTV inlet assembly
Silver seal
Graphpak inlet adapter
Ferrule for Graphpak adapter
Column nut
142
Maintaining Your GC
8
Maintaining the PTV Inlet
To Install a Capillary Column with the PTV Inlet
1 Gather the following (see “Consumables and Parts for the
PTV Inlet” on page 140):
• Column
• Graphpak 2M ferrule
• Column nut
• Column cutter
• Septum
• Isopropanol
• Lab tissue
• Metric ruler
• 5- mm and 6- mm wrenches
• Typewriter correction fluid or a marker
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If either is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
WA R N I N G
Wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from flying particles
while handling, cutting, or installing glass or fused silica capillary
columns. Use care in handling these columns to prevent puncture
wounds.
3 Before installing the column, install the correct column
adapter. (See “To Replace the Inlet Adapter for the PTV
Inlet” on page 158.)
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
4 Place the column on the hanger with the ends pointing up
and the label to the front.
5 Place a Graphpak 2M ferrule onto the column, with the
graphite facing up towards the inlet.
Maintaining Your GC
143
8
Maintaining the PTV Inlet
6 Score the column using a glass scribing tool. The score
must be square to ensure a clean break.
7 Break off the column end by supporting it against the
column cutter opposite the scribe. Inspect the end with a
magnifying loupe to make certain that there are no burrs
or jagged edges.
8 Wipe the column walls with a tissue dampened with
isopropanol to remove fingerprints and dust.
9 Position the column so it extends 17 mm above the end of
the ferrule. Mark the column behind the ferrule with
typewriter correction fluid or a marker. Slide the nut over
the column.
17 mm
Mark column here
10 Insert the column into the adapter and finger- tighten the
column nut. Looking through the slot in the nut, adjust
the column until the mark is correctly positioned below
the Graphpak 2M ferrule.
11 Tighten the column nut an additional 1/8 to 1/4 turn with
a wrench. Do not overtighten.
12 Configure the new column.
13 Condition the column per the manufacturer’s
recommendation. (See To Condition a Capillary Column.)
14 Install the column into the detector. See:
• To Install a Capillary Column in the FID
• To Install a Capillary Column in the NPD
144
Maintaining Your GC
8
Maintaining the PTV Inlet
• To Install a Capillary Column in the TCD
• To Install a Capillary Column in the uECD
• To Install a Capillary Column Adapter in the FPD
15 After the column is installed at both inlet and detector,
establish a flow of carrier gas and purge as recommended
by the column manufacturer.
16 Restore the analytical method.
• For FPD, immediately turn off the flame.
• For NPD, immediately set the bead voltage to 0.0.
17 After the GC becomes ready, wait 10 minutes then ignite
the detector flame or adjust offset on the NPD bead.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven, inlet, and/or detector may be hot enough to
cause burns. If they are hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect
your hands.
18 Allow the oven, inlet, and detector to equilibrate at
operating temperature, then retighten the fittings.
Maintaining Your GC
145
8
Maintaining the PTV Inlet
To Clean the Septumless Head on the PTV Inlet
1 Gather the following:
• Syringe with 23- gauge needle (See “Consumables and
Parts for the PTV Inlet” on page 140.)
• Septumless head rebuild kit
• Hexane
• Clean, lint- free gloves
• 5/16- inch wrench
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
3 Disconnect the carrier gas line.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If either is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
4 Unscrew and remove the septumless head assembly from
the inlet.
5 Unscrew the sealing element from the head assembly and
carefully remove the Viton seal and the pressure spring
146
Maintaining Your GC
8
Maintaining the PTV Inlet
Guide cap
PTFE ferrule
Ferrule, 1/16-inch
PTFE
Kalrez seal
Valve body
Pressure spring
Carrier gas tube
Viton seal
Sealing element
6 Unscrew the guide cap from the head and remove the
PTFE ferrule.
7 Carefully insert a syringe with a 23- gauge needle into the
head to press the valve body and Kalrez seal slightly out
of the head.
8 Gently tap the head on a soft, smooth surface so that the
valve body falls out completely or slips out far enough to
grasp with fingers.
9 Remove the Kalrez seal from the valve body.
10 Clean all components in hexane.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
11 Replace the PTFE ferrule. (See “To Replace the
Septumless Head PTFE Ferrule on the PTV Inlet” on
page 149.)
12 Wearing clean lint- free gloves, reassemble the head in
reverse order. Be sure that the seals and the pressure
spring are not damaged.
13 Finger- tighten the septumless head, then tighten an
additional 1/8 turn with a wrench.
14 Reconnect the carrier gas line.
15 Check for leaks; if necessary, slightly tighten the guide
cap with the syringe needle inserted.
• If the head leaks with the syringe inserted, replace the
PTFE ferrule.
Maintaining Your GC
147
8
Maintaining the PTV Inlet
• If the head leaks without the syringe inserted, replace
the Kalrez and Viton seals.
16 Restore the analytical method.
148
Maintaining Your GC
8
Maintaining the PTV Inlet
To Replace the Septumless Head PTFE Ferrule on the PTV Inlet
1 Gather the following:
• Syringe with 23- gauge needle (See “Consumables and
Parts for the PTV Inlet” on page 140.)
• Replacement PTFE ferrule
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If either is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
3 Unscrew the guide cap from the septumless head and
remove the PTFE ferrule.
4 Push the guide cap and replacement ferrule over the
syringe needle so that at least 10 mm of the needle tip is
exposed.
5 Guide the end of the needle into the septumless head
until the ferrule meets the septumless head.
6 Loosely install the guide cap.
7 If not configured, configure the column.
8 Put the inlet into Splitless mode.
9 Set the column flow to 5 mL/min and the purge flow to
60 mL/min.
Maintaining Your GC
149
8
Maintaining the PTV Inlet
10 After the inlet pressurizes, press [Prep Run] twice.
11 Observe the inlet Total Flow. Tighten the guide cap until
the Total Flow stops decreasing (typically near 8 mL/min).
12 Remove the syringe from the inlet and press [Stop].
13 Restore the analytical method.
150
Maintaining Your GC
8
Maintaining the PTV Inlet
To Change the Septum on the PTV Inlet
1 Gather the following:
• Replacement septum. (See “Consumables and Parts for
the PTV Inlet” on page 140.)
• 5/8- inch wrench
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If either is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
3 Remove the septum retainer nut or Merlin cap. If the
septum head begins to turn during removal, support it
manually while removing the cap.
4 Use tweezers to remove the septum or Merlin Microseal
from the retainer nut. Do not gouge or scratch the
interior of the septum head.
5 Firmly press the new septum or Merlin Microseal into the
fitting. The metal parts side of the Merlin Microseal
should face down (toward the oven).
Merlin Microseal and cap
Standard septum
6 Replace the septum retainer nut or Merlin cap and
finger- tighten. Tighten the septum retainer nut until the
C- ring is about 1 mm above the nut.
CAUTION
Maintaining Your GC
Overtightening the septum nut can cause contamination.
151
8
Maintaining the PTV Inlet
1 mm
7 Restore the analytical method.
8 Reset the septum counter.
152
Maintaining Your GC
8
Maintaining the PTV Inlet
To Clean the Septum Seat in the Septum Head Assembly of the PTV Inlet
1 Gather the following:
• Replacement septum (See “Consumables and Parts for
the PTV Inlet” on page 140.)
• 5/8- inch wrench
• Tweezers
• Compressed, filtered, dry air or nitrogen
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If either is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
3 Remove the septum retainer nut or Merlin cap. If the
septum head begins to turn during removal, support it
manually while removing the cap.
4 Unscrew the septum head assembly from the inlet and
move it up and away from the inlet.
5 Use tweezers to remove the septum or Merlin Microseal
from the retainer nut. Do not gouge or scratch the
interior of the septum head.
6 Scrub the residue from the retainer nut and septum
holder with a small piece of rolled- up steel wool and
tweezers. Do not do this over the inlet.
7 Use compressed air or nitrogen to blow away the pieces
of steel wool and septum.
8 Replace the septum head assembly on the inlet.
Finger- tighten the septum head and then tighten an
additional 1/2 turn with a wrench.
9 Firmly press the new septum or Merlin Microseal into the
fitting. (See “To Change the Septum on the PTV Inlet” on
page 151.)
Maintaining Your GC
153
8
Maintaining the PTV Inlet
10 Replace the septum retainer nut or Merlin cap and
finger- tighten. (See “To Change the Septum on the PTV
Inlet” on page 151.)
11 Restore the analytical method.
12 Reset the septum counter.
154
Maintaining Your GC
8
Maintaining the PTV Inlet
To Change the Liner on the PTV Inlet
1 Gather the following:
• Installation tool for 3D ferrules (See “Consumables and
Parts for the PTV Inlet” on page 140.)
• Assembly tool (part number G2617- 80540)
• Replacement liner
• Graphpak 3D ferrule
• 5/16- inch wrench
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If either is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
3 Remove the head from the inlet:
• For septumless head, disconnect the carrier gas line
and unscrew and remove the septumless head assembly
from the inlet.
• For septum head, loosen the septum head assembly
from the inlet. Lift the head to clear the inlet and push
to either side. Do not bend the 1/16- inch lines too
much.
4 Grasp the liner by the Graphpak 3D ferrule. Remove the
liner from the inlet.
Maintaining Your GC
155
8
Maintaining the PTV Inlet
5 Unscrew the assembly tool into two pieces: the ferrule
guide and the compression fitting.
Ferrule guide
Graphpak 3D ferrule
Compression fitting
Open baffle liner
6 Slide the compression fitting onto the longer, straight end
of the new liner with the threads pointing toward the end
of the liner.
7 Place a Graphpak 3D ferrule on the same end of the liner
with the recessed graphite end towards the compression
fitting. Slide the ferrule so that about 2 mm of the liner is
exposed beyond the ferrule.
8 Slide the compression fitting up to meet the ferrule.
Finger- tighten the ferrule guide onto the compression
fitting.
9 Unscrew and remove the ferrule guide.
10 Slide the compression fitting off the other end of the
liner. The ferrule should now be set with 1 mm of the
liner exposed. Check that the graphite within the ferrule
is flush with the top of the metal collar.
156
Maintaining Your GC
8
Maintaining the PTV Inlet
11 Insert the glass liner into the inlet from above until the
unpacked side of the ferrule rests on the top of the inlet.
12 Replace the head:
• For septumless head, screw the head onto the inlet and
tighten 1/8 turn past finger- tight with a wrench.
Reconnect the carrier gas line.
• For septum head, align the head with the inlet and
manually engage the free- spinning nut to the inlet.
Tighten 1/2 turn past finger- tight with a wrench.
13 Check all connections for leaks. If necessary, tighten them
again by hand.
14 Restore the analytical method.
15 Reset the liner counter.
Maintaining Your GC
157
8
Maintaining the PTV Inlet
To Replace the Inlet Adapter for the PTV Inlet
1 Select from the following list an adapter with the smallest
hole diameter that will accept the column. The adapter
number is stamped on the side of the adapter. (Also see
“Consumables and Parts for the PTV Inlet” on page 140.)
Table 21
PTV inlet adapters
Column id
Inlet adapter number*
Part number
0.20 mm
31
5182-9754
0.25 to 0.33 mm
45
5182-9761
0.53 mm
70
5182-9762
* Includes (1) adapter, (1) silver seal, and (1) split column nut.
2 Gather the following:
• Replacement adapter
• Replacement silver seal
• 6- mm wrench
• 5- mm wrench
• Lint- free gloves
3 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If either is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
4 Unscrew the column nut from the adapter. Remove the
nut and the column from the inlet.
158
Maintaining Your GC
8
Maintaining the PTV Inlet
Silver seal
Graphpak inlet adapter
Column nut
Ferrule for Graphpak adapter
5 Remove the inlet adapter and discard the old silver seal.
6 Insert a new silver seal into the adapter and
finger- tighten the adapter onto the inlet. Tighten an
additional 1/16 to 1/8 turn with a wrench; overtightening
will damage the inlet.
7 Install the column. (See “To Install a Capillary Column
with the PTV Inlet” on page 143.)
8 Check the adapter for leaks.
9 Restore the analytical method.
Maintaining Your GC
159
8
Maintaining the PTV Inlet
To Replace the Filter in the Split Vent Line for the PTV Inlet
1 Gather the following:
• New filter cartridge. (See “Consumables and Parts for
the PTV Inlet” on page 140.)
• T- 20 Torx screwdriver
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If either is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
WA R N I N G
The split vent trap may contain residual amounts of any samples
or other chemicals you have injected into the GC. Follow your
company’s safety procedures for handling these types of
substances while replacing the trap filter cartridge.
3 Remove the pneumatics cover (top, back of GC).
4 Remove the retaining clip.
Split vent valve
Split vent trap
Retaining clip
160
Maintaining Your GC
8
Maintaining the PTV Inlet
5 Completely loosen the two screws that secure the split
vent valve in place.
6 Lift the filter trap assembly and split vent valve from the
mounting bracket together and unscrew the split vent
front weldment on the filter trap assembly. Be careful not
to stress the tubing between the split vent valve and the
trap.
7 Remove the old filter cartridge and two O- rings.
8 Verify the new O- rings are seated properly on the new
filter cartridge.
9 Install the new filter cartridge then reassemble the trap.
Do not fully tighten yet.
10 Place the filter trap assembly in the mounting bracket and
install the retaining clip.
11 Install the split vent valve.
12 Fully tighten the split vent front weldment onto the trap.
13 Check for leaks.
Maintaining Your GC
161
8
Maintaining the PTV Inlet
14 Restore the analytical method.
15 Reset the split vent trap counter.
16 Install the pneumatics cover.
162
Maintaining Your GC
8
Maintaining the PTV Inlet
To Bakeout Contaminants from the PTV Inlet
1 Put the inlet into split mode.
2 Set the column flow to the normal operating value, or set
the capillary column gas velocity to 30 cm/s.
3 Set the inlet split vent flow to 200 mL/min.
4 Purge the column with carrier flow for at least
10 minutes before heating the oven.
5 If the column is attached to the detector, set the detector
25 °C above normal operating temperature.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven, inlet, and/or detector may be hot enough to
cause burns. If they are hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect
your hands.
If the column is not attached to the detector, cap the
detector fitting.
6 Set the inlet temperature to 300 °C or 25 °C above the
normal operating temperature to bakeout contaminants
from the inlet, mostly through the split vent.
7 Set the column oven 25 °C above the GC method final
oven temperature to bake contaminants from the column.
Do not exceed the column manufacturer’s maximum
temperature limit.
8 Bakeout for 30 minutes or until the detector baseline is
free of contamination peaks.
Maintaining Your GC
163
8
164
Maintaining the PTV Inlet
Maintaining Your GC
Agilent 7890A Gas Chromatograph
Maintaining Your GC
9
Maintaining the VI
Consumables and Parts for the VI 166
Exploded Parts View of the VI 168
To Install a Capillary Column with the VI 169
To Attach a Sample Transfer Line to the VI 172
To Remove the VI Interface 173
To Clean the VI 175
To Install the VI Interface 177
To Replace the Filter in the Split Vent Line for the VI 178
To Bakeout Contaminants from the VI Inlet 181
Agilent Technologies
165
9
Maintaining the VI
Consumables and Parts for the VI
See the Agilent catalog for consumables and supplies for a
more complete listing, or visit the Agilent Web site for the latest
information (www.agilent.com/chem/supplies).
Table 22
Parts for the VI
Description
Part number
Clamping plate
G2319-20540
Volatiles interface
G2319-60505
Long column nut (65 mm)
G3504-20504
Nut, for transfer, pressure sensing, or
split vent line
19258-20830
Ferrule, for transfer, pressure sensing, 19258-20870
or split vent line
Split vent trap PM kit, single cartridge 5188-6495
Table 23
Nuts, ferrules, and hardware for capillary columns
Column id (mm)
Description
Typical use
Part number/quantity
.530
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.8-mm id
0.45-mm and 0.53-mm capillary
columns
5062-3512 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 1.0-mm id
0.53-mm capillary columns
5080-8773 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
0.53-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8293
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.5-mm id
0.32-mm capillary columns
5062-3514 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.4-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, and 0.25-mm
capillary columns
5181-3323 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.37-mm id
0.1-mm and 0.2-mm capillary
columns
5062-3516 (10/pk)
.320
.250
.100 and .200
166
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the VI
Table 23
Nuts, ferrules, and hardware for capillary columns (continued)
Column id (mm)
All
9
Description
Typical use
Part number/quantity
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.4-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, and 0.25-mm
capillary columns
5181-3323 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
Ferrule, no-hole
Testing
5181-3308 (10/pk)
Capillary column blanking nut
Testing–use with any ferrule
5020-8294
Column nut, universal
Connect column to inlet or detector
5181-8830 (2/pk)
Column cutter, ceramic wafer
Cutting capillary columns
5181-8836 (4/pk)
Maintaining Your GC
167
9
Maintaining the VI
Exploded Parts View of the VI
Nut
Ferrule
Clamping plate
Volatiles interface
Ferrule, column
Column nut, long
168
Maintaining Your GC
9
Maintaining the VI
To Install a Capillary Column with the VI
1 Gather the following:
• Long (65 mm) column nut
• Column
• Ferrule
• Column cutter
• Isopropanol
• Septum
• 1/4- inch wrench
• Lab tissue
• Metric ruler
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If either is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
WA R N I N G
Wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from flying particles
while handling, cutting, or installing glass or fused silica capillary
columns. Use care in handling these columns to prevent puncture
wounds.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
3 Place the column on the hanger with the ends pointing up
and the label to the front.
4 Place a septum, long capillary column nut, and ferrule on
the column.
Use a long column nut. (See “Consumables and Parts for
the VI” on page 166.)
Maintaining Your GC
169
9
Maintaining the VI
If you are using a standard column nut, you must remove
the interface. For this reason it is recommended that you
use the long column nut. (See “To Remove the VI
Interface” on page 173.)
Ferrule
Column nut
Septum
5 Score the column using a glass scribing tool. The score
must be square to ensure a clean break.
6 Break off the column end by supporting it against the
column cutter opposite the scribe. Inspect the end with a
magnifying loupe to make certain that there are no burrs
or jagged edges.
7 Wipe the column walls with a tissue dampened with
isopropanol to remove fingerprints and dust.
8 Position the column so it extends 6 mm above the end of
the ferrule. Slide the septum up the column to hold the
column nut at this fixed position.
6 mm
170
Maintaining Your GC
9
Maintaining the VI
9 Insert the column into the interface and finger- tighten the
column nut.
10 Adjust the column (not the septum) position until the
septum is snug against the bottom of the nut.
11 Tighten the column nut an additional 1/4 to 1/2 turn with
a wrench so that the column cannot be pulled from the
fitting with gentle pressure.
12 Configure the new column.
13 With the sample transfer line attached and the column
attached to the inlet and detector, establish a flow of
carrier gas through the transfer line. Purge as
recommended by the column manufacturer.
14 Condition the column per the manufacturer’s
recommendation. (See To Condition a Capillary Column.)
15 Install the column into the detector. See:
• To Install a Capillary Column in the FID
• To Install a Capillary Column in the NPD
• To Install a Capillary Column in the TCD
• To Install a Capillary Column in the uECD
• To Install a Capillary Column Adapter in the FPD
16 After the column is installed at both inlet and detector,
establish a flow of carrier gas and purge as recommended
by the column manufacturer.
17 Restore the analytical method.
• For FPD, immediately turn off the flame.
• For NPD, immediately set the bead voltage to 0.0.
18 After the GC becomes ready, wait 10 minutes then ignite
the detector flame or adjust offset on the NPD bead.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven, inlet, and/or detector may be hot enough to
cause burns. If the oven, inlet, or detector is hot, wear
heat-resistant gloves to protect your hands.
19 Allow the oven, inlet, and detector to equilibrate at
operating temperature, then retighten the fittings.
Maintaining Your GC
171
9
Maintaining the VI
To Attach a Sample Transfer Line to the VI
1 Gather one 7/16- inch, two 5/16- inch, and one 7- mm
wrenches.
2 Attach the transfer line from the gas sampler by
finger- tightening the preattached transfer line nut and
ferrule. Tighten an additional 1/4 turn with a wrench.
If the transfer line is from a G1900A Purge and Trap,
install the transfer line support nut assembly up and
inside the metal sleeve of the heated line assembly to
prevent damage to the fused silica line.
Transfer line
Metal sleeve
Support hanger
Transfer line
support
nut assembly
3 With the column installed, establish a flow of carrier gas
through the transfer line and check for leaks. If the
transfer line nut leaks, tighten an additional 1/8 turn with
a wrench. Purge as recommended by the column
manufacturer.
4 Heat the interface to operating temperature.
5 Retighten the fittings, if necessary.
172
Maintaining Your GC
9
Maintaining the VI
To Remove the VI Interface
1 Gather the following:
• 1/4- inch and 7- mm wrench
• T- 20 Torx screwdriver
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The interface may be hot enough to cause burns. If the
interface is hot, wear gloves to protect your hands.
3 Remove the column.
4 Remove the transfer line by loosening the nut, then lift it
from the interface.
5 Loosen the five inlet cover screws and remove the inlet
cover.
6 Remove the clamping plate from the interface by
loosening the captive screw.
7 Lift the interface out of the heater block.
Maintaining Your GC
173
9
174
Maintaining the VI
Maintaining Your GC
9
Maintaining the VI
To Clean the VI
1 Gather the following:
• 1/4- inch and 7- mm wrench
• T- 20 Torx screwdriver
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
3 Remove the interface. (See “To Remove the VI Interface”
on page 173.)
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If either is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
WA R N I N G
The split vent trap and line may contain residual amounts of any
samples or other chemicals you have injected into the GC. Follow
your company’s safety procedures for handling these types of
substances.
4 Remove the split vent and pressure sensing lines by
loosening the nuts.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
5 Clean the interface using an ultrasonic bath. Sonicate
twice, then rinse and air dry.
6 Inspect the split vent line. If clogged, contact Agilent for
service.
Maintaining Your GC
175
9
Maintaining the VI
7 Install the interface. (See “To Install the VI Interface” on
page 177.)
176
Maintaining Your GC
9
Maintaining the VI
To Install the VI Interface
1 Gather the following:
• 1/4- inch and 7- mm wrench
• T- 20 Torx screwdriver
2 Attach the split vent line and pressure sensing lines and
finger- tighten the nuts. Tighten an additional
1/4 turn with a wrench.
3 Place the interface into the heater block and reseat the
tubing as needed.
4 Install the clamping plate and tighten the screw.
5 Install the inlet cover. Be sure the cover does not damage
any tubing.
6 Attach the sample transfer line. (See “To Attach a Sample
Transfer Line to the VI” on page 172.)
7 Install the column. (See “To Install a Capillary Column
with the VI” on page 169.)
Maintaining Your GC
177
9
Maintaining the VI
To Replace the Filter in the Split Vent Line for the VI
1 Gather the following:
• New filter cartridge. (See “Consumables and Parts for
the VI” on page 166.)
• T- 20 Torx screwdriver
2 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If either is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
WA R N I N G
The split vent trap may contain residual amounts of any samples
or other chemicals you have injected into the GC. Follow your
company’s safety procedures for handling these types of
substances while replacing the trap filter cartridge.
3 Remove the pneumatics cover (top, back of GC).
4 Remove the retaining clip.
Split vent valve
Split vent trap
Retaining clip
178
Maintaining Your GC
9
Maintaining the VI
5 Completely loosen the two screws that secure the split
vent valve in place.
6 Lift the filter trap assembly and split vent valve from the
mounting bracket together and unscrew the split vent
front weldment on the filter trap assembly. Be careful not
to stress the tubing between the split vent valve and the
trap.
7 Remove the old filter cartridge and two O- rings.
8 Verify the new O- rings are seated properly on the new
filter cartridge.
9 Install the new filter cartridge then reassemble the trap.
Do not fully tighten yet.
10 Place the filter trap assembly in the mounting bracket and
install the retaining clip.
11 Install the split vent valve.
12 Fully tighten the split vent front weldment onto the trap.
13 Check for leaks.
Maintaining Your GC
179
9
Maintaining the VI
14 Restore the analytical method.
15 Reset the split vent trap counter.
16 Install the pneumatics cover.
180
Maintaining Your GC
9
Maintaining the VI
To Bakeout Contaminants from the VI Inlet
1 Put the inlet into split mode.
2 Set the column flow to the normal operating value, or set
the capillary column gas velocity to 30 cm/s.
3 Set the inlet split vent flow to 200 mL/min.
4 Purge the column with carrier flow for at least
10 minutes before heating the oven.
5 If the column is attached to the detector, set the detector
25 °C above normal operating temperature.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven, inlet, and/or detector may be hot enough to
cause burns. If they are hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect
your hands.
If the column is not attached to the detector, cap the
detector fitting.
6 Set the inlet temperature to 300 °C or 25 °C above the
normal operating temperature to bakeout contaminants
from the inlet, mostly through the split vent.
7 Set the column oven 25 °C above the GC method final
oven temperature to bake contaminants from the column.
Do not exceed the column manufacturer’s maximum
temperature limit.
8 Bakeout for 30 minutes or until the detector baseline is
free of contamination peaks.
Maintaining Your GC
181
9
182
Maintaining the VI
Maintaining Your GC
Agilent 7890A Gas Chromatograph
Maintaining Your GC
10
Maintaining the FID
Consumables and Parts for the FID 184
Exploded Parts Views of the FID 187
Selecting an FID Jet 189
To Attach a Capillary Column Adapter on an Adaptable FID 191
To Install a Capillary Column in the FID 193
To Replace the FID Collector Assembly 196
To Replace an FID Jet 198
To Perform Maintenance on the FID Collector Assembly 202
To Check the FID Leakage Current 210
To Check the FID Baseline 211
To Install the FID Insulation Cup Assembly (Adaptable FID Only) 212
To Install the Optional FID PTFE Chimney Insert 214
To Bakeout the FID 215
Agilent Technologies
183
10 Maintaining the FID
Consumables and Parts for the FID
See the Agilent catalog for consumables and supplies for a more
complete listing, or visit the Agilent Web site for the latest
information (www.agilent.com/chem/supplies).
Table 24
Nuts, ferrules, and hardware for capillary columns
Column id (mm)
Description
Typical use
Part number/quantity
.530
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.8-mm id
0.45-mm and 0.53-mm capillary
columns
5062-3512 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 1.0-mm id
0.53-mm capillary columns
5080-8773 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
0.53-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8293
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.5-mm id
0.32-mm capillary columns
5062-3514 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.4-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, and 0.25-mm
capillary columns
5181-3323 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.37-mm id
0.1-mm and 0.2-mm capillary
columns
5062-3516 (10/pk)
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.4-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, and 0.25-mm
capillary columns
5181-3323 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
Ferrule, no-hole
Testing
5181-3308 (10/pk)
Capillary column blanking nut
Testing–use with any ferrule
5020-8294
Column nut, universal
Connect column to inlet or detector
5181-8830 (2/pk)
Column cutter, ceramic wafer
Cutting capillary columns
5181-8836 (4/pk)
.320
.250
.100 and .200
All
184
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the FID
Table 25
FID parts and subassemblies
Description
Part number/quantity
Screw, M4 × 25 mm, Torx, T20
0515-2712 (3/pk)
PTFE chimney (optional)
19231-21050
Collector assembly
G1531-60690
FID/NPD capillary column adapter
19244-80610
FID/NPD 1/8-inch packed column adapter
19231-80520
FID/NPD 1/4-inch packed column adapter
19231-80530
Insulation
19234-60715 (3/pk)
Insulation cup assembly
19234-60700
Nut, 1/4-inch, brass, for packed column adapters
5180-4105 (10/pk)
Ferrule, Vespel, 1/4-inch, for packed column adapters
5080-8774 (10/pk)
Table 26
Jets for capillary adaptable fittings
Jet type
Part number
Jet tip id
Length
Capillary
19244-80560
0.29 mm (0.011 inch)
61.5 mm
Capillary, high-temperature
(use with simulated distillation)
19244-80620
0.47 mm (0.018 inch)
61.5 mm
Packed
18710-20119
0.46 mm (0.018 inch)
63.6 mm
Packed, wide-bore
(use with high-bleed applications)
18789-80070
0.76 mm (0.030 inch)
63.6 mm
Table 27
10
Jets for capillary optimized fittings
Jet type
Part number
Jet tip ID
Length
Capillary
G1531-80560
0.29 mm (0.011 inch)
48 mm
High-temperature
(use with simulated distillation)
G1531-80620
0.47 mm (0.018 inch)
48-mm
Table 28
Maintaining Your GC
FID collector assembly parts
Description
Part number/quantity
Screw, M4 × 25 mm, Torx, T20
0515-2712 (3/pk)
Collector assembly
G1531-60690
Collector nut
19231-20940
185
10 Maintaining the FID
Table 28
186
FID collector assembly parts (continued)
Description
Part number/quantity
Spring washer
3050-1246
Ignitor castle
19231-20910
Ignitor castle, Hastelloy
19231-21060
Upper/lower collector insulator
G1531-20700
Collector body
G1531-20690
Collector body, Hastelloy
G1531-21090
Spanner nut (collector)
19231-20980
Collector mount
G1531-20550
Collector housing
G1531-20740
Gasket
5180-4165 (12/pk)
Ignitor (glow plug) assembly with O-ring
19231-60680
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the FID
10
Exploded Parts Views of the FID
PTFE chimney
25-mm screws
Collector assembly
Gasket
Jet
Spring, FID interconnect
Mounting pallet
Ferrule
Column adapter
Ferrule
Column nut
Maintaining Your GC
187
10 Maintaining the FID
Jet
FID column adapter
(Adaptable FID only;
capillary adapter shown)
Insulation
(Adaptable FID only)
Insulation cup assembly
(Adaptable FID only)
Collector nut
25-mm
screws
Collector
assembly
Spring washer
Ignitor
Ignitor (glow plug)
assembly with O-ring
Upper collector
insulator
Collector body
Spanner nut
(collector)
Ignitor cable
assembly
Collector mount
Lower collector
insulator
Collector
housing
Gasket
188
Maintaining Your GC
10
Maintaining the FID
Selecting an FID Jet
Open the oven door and locate the column connection fitting
at the base of the detector. It will look like either a capillary
optimized fitting or an adaptable fitting.
Capillary optimized fitting
Adaptable fitting
Detector fitting
Adapter
• If you have an application that tends to clog the jet, select
a jet with a wider tip id.
• When using packed columns in high column- bleed
applications, the jet tends to clog with silicon dioxide.
• In simulated distillation applications, the high- boiling
hydrocarbons tend to clog the jet.
For capillary optimized fittings, select a jet from Table 29.
For adaptable fittings, select a jet from Table 30.
Table 29
Jets for capillary optimized fittings
Figure 1 ID
Jet type
Part number
Jet tip id
Length
1
Capillary
G1531-80560
0.29 mm (0.011 inch)
48 mm
2
High-temperature
(use with simulated
distillation)
G1531-80620
0.47 mm (0.018 inch)
48 mm
Figure 1
Maintaining Your GC
Capillary optimized jets
189
10 Maintaining the FID
Table 30
Jets for capillary adaptable fittings
Figure 2 ID
Jet type
Part number
Jet tip id
Length
1
Capillary
19244-80560
0.29 mm (0.011 inch)
61.5 mm
2
Capillary,
high-temperature
(use with simulated
distillation)
19244-80620
0.47 mm (0.018 inch)
61.5 mm
3
Packed
18710-20119
0.46 mm (0.018 inch)
63.6 mm
4
Packed, wide-bore
(use with high-bleed
applications)
18789-80070
0.76 mm (0.030 inch)
63.6 mm
Figure 2
190
Capillary adaptable jets
Maintaining Your GC
10
Maintaining the FID
To Attach a Capillary Column Adapter on an Adaptable FID
1 Gather the following materials:
• Adapter (See “Consumables and Parts for the FID” on
page 184.)
• 1/4- inch brass nut
• 1/4- inch Vespel/graphite ferrule
• Column cutter
• 1/4- inch wrench
• 9/16- inch open- end wrench
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven, inlet, and/or detector may be hot enough to
cause burns. If the oven, inlet, or detector is hot, wear
heat-resistant gloves to protect your hands.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
3 Assemble the nut and ferrule onto the adapter.
1/4-inch ferrule
1/4-inch nut
Adapter
4 Insert the adapter straight into the detector base as far as
possible.
5 Hold the adapter in this position and finger- tighten the
nut.
Maintaining Your GC
191
10 Maintaining the FID
Adaptable fitting
Detector fitting
Adapter
6 Tighten an additional 1/4 turn with a wrench.
192
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the FID
10
To Install a Capillary Column in the FID
1 Gather the following materials (see “Consumables and
Parts for the FID” on page 184.):
• Column
• Ferrule(s)
• Column nut
• Column cutter
• 1/4- inch open- end wrench
• Septum
• Isopropanol
• Lab tissue
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven, inlet, and/or detector may be hot enough to
cause burns. If the oven, inlet, or detector is hot, wear
heat-resistant gloves to protect your hands.
WA R N I N G
Wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from flying particles
while handling, cutting, or installing glass or fused silica capillary
columns. Use care in handling these columns to prevent puncture
wounds.
3 If using the adaptable detector, verify that the adapter is
installed. (See “To Attach a Capillary Column Adapter on
an Adaptable FID” on page 191.)
Capillary optimized fitting
Maintaining Your GC
Adaptable fitting
193
10 Maintaining the FID
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
4 Place a septum (if the column id is ≤0.1 mm), capillary
column nut, and ferrule on the column.
Ferrule
Column nut
Septum
5 Score the column using a glass scribing tool. The score
must be square to ensure a clean break.
6 Break off the column end by supporting it against the
column cutter opposite the scribe. Inspect the end with a
magnifying loupe to make certain there are no burrs or
jagged edges.
7 Wipe the column walls with a tissue dampened with
isopropanol to remove fingerprints and dust.
8 Install the capillary column.
If the column id is greater than 0.1 mm:
a Gently insert the column into the detector until it
bottoms; do not attempt to force it further.
b Finger- tighten the column nut, then withdraw the
column about 1 mm. Tighten the nut an additional
1/4 turn with a wrench.
194
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the FID
10
If the column id is 0.1 mm or less position the column so
it extends above the ferrule by 48 mm (capillary
optimized fitting) or 68 mm (adaptable fitting). Slide the
septum up to hold the column nut and ferrule at this fixed
position.
Capillary optimized fitting
Adaptable fitting
48 mm
68 mm
c Insert the column into the detector. Slide the nut and
ferrule up the column to the detector base.
Finger- tighten the column nut until it grips the
column.
d Adjust the column (not the septum) position so that
the septum is even with the bottom of the column nut.
Tighten the nut an additional 1/4 turn with a wrench.
Maintaining Your GC
195
10 Maintaining the FID
To Replace the FID Collector Assembly
1 Gather the following:
• New FID collector assembly. (See “Consumables and
Parts for the FID” on page 184.)
• T- 20 Torx screwdriver
• 1/4- inch nut driver
• Tweezers
• Lint- free gloves
CAUTION
To avoid contaminating the FID, wear clean, lint-free gloves when
handling the collector assembly.
2 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
3 Disconnect the ignitor cable assembly.
4 Remove the three screws holding the collector assembly to
the mounting pallet.
196
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the FID
CAUTION
10
This step exposes the interconnect spring. Be careful not to touch or
disfigure the spring while working on the FID. Any dirt or bending
will reduce the sensitivity of your detector.
5 Lift and remove the assembly from the pallet.
6 Remove the ignitor cable assembly from the new collector
assembly, if present.
7 Remove any protective caps from the new collector
assembly, if present.
8 Lower the new collector assembly into the housing.
9 Insert the three screws and tighten (to 18 inch- pounds).
10 Connect the ignitor extension cable.
11 Verify assembly:
a Check the FID leakage current. (See “To Check the FID
Leakage Current” on page 210.)
b Check the FID baseline. (See “To Check the FID
Baseline” on page 211.)
Maintaining Your GC
197
10 Maintaining the FID
To Replace an FID Jet
1 Gather the following:
• Replacement jet (See “Selecting an FID Jet” on
page 189.)
• T- 20 Torx screwdriver
• 1/4- inch nut driver
• Tweezers
• Compressed, filtered, dry air or nitrogen
• Solvent that will clean the type of deposits in your
detector
• Clean cloth
• Cotton swab
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or detector may be hot enough to cause
burns. If the detector is hot, wear gloves to protect your hands.
WA R N I N G
Wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from flying particles
while handling, cutting, or installing glass or fused silica capillary
columns. Use care in handling these columns to prevent puncture
wounds.
3 If installed, remove the capillary column from the
detector.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
4 Remove the FID collector assembly and place it on a
clean cloth. (See “To Replace the FID Collector Assembly”
on page 196.)
198
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the FID
10
5 Locate the jet inside the housing.
CAUTION
Handle the clean or new jet only with tweezers, or wear gloves.
6 Loosen the jet, then lift it out of the housing with
tweezers.
Interconnector spring
7 Clean the detector base cavity using solvent, a swab, and
compressed air or nitrogen.
8 Use tweezers to lower the new jet into the housing.
Maintaining Your GC
199
10 Maintaining the FID
CAUTION
Do not overtighten the jet! Overtightening may permanently deform
and damage the jet, the detector base, or both. The torque
specification is 10 inch-pounds.
9 Carefully screw the jet into the housing. Tighten 1/6- turn
past finger- tight (1/6- turn is one “flat” on a typical
screwdriver handle, or the jet head).
10 Install the collector assembly. (See “To Replace the FID
Collector Assembly” on page 196.)
11 Reset the jet counter.
12 Attach the capillary column to the detector.
a Install the column in the detector. (See “To Install a
Capillary Column in the FID” on page 193.)
b After the column is installed at both inlet and detector,
establish a flow of carrier gas and purge as
recommended by the column manufacturer.
c Check the FID leakage current. (See “To Check the FID
Leakage Current” on page 210.)
d Bakeout the detector. (See “To Bakeout the FID” on
page 215.)
e Restore the analytical method.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven, inlet, and/or detector may be hot enough to
cause burns. If the oven, inlet, or detector is hot, wear
heat-resistant gloves to protect your hands.
f
200
Allow the oven, inlet, and detector to equilibrate at
operating temperature, then retighten the fittings.
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the FID
10
13 Check the FID baseline. (See “To Check the FID Baseline”
on page 211.)
Maintaining Your GC
201
10 Maintaining the FID
To Perform Maintenance on the FID Collector Assembly
NOTE
Perform only the steps and gather only the parts that apply to the desired
maintenance task(s).
1 Gather the following:
• Replacement ignitor assembly (See “Consumables and
Parts for the FID” on page 184.)
• Replacement ignitor castle
• Two collector insulators
• Collector
• Spring washer
• Gasket
• T- 20 Torx screwdriver
• 1/4- inch nut driver
• Tweezers
• 5/16- inch wrench
• Lint- free gloves
• Clean cloth
CAUTION
To avoid contaminating the FID, wear clean, lint-free gloves when
handling the collector assembly.
2 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
WA R N I N G
202
Be careful! The oven and/or detector may be hot enough to cause
burns. If the detector is hot, wear gloves to protect your hands.
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the FID
10
3 Remove the FID ignitor.
a Disconnect the ignitor cable assembly.
b Loosen the ignitor with a wrench.
c Turn the nut counterclockwise by hand. Remove the
ignitor and copper washer.
4 If replacing only the FID ignitor assembly with copper
washer, skip to step 16 for assembly.
5 Remove the three screws that hold the collector mount to
the FID thermal strap.
Maintaining Your GC
203
10 Maintaining the FID
CAUTION
This step exposes the interconnect spring. Be careful not to touch or
disfigure the spring while working on the FID. Any dirt or bending
will reduce the sensitivity of your detector.
6 Remove the collector assembly. Place it on a clean cloth
for additional disassembly.
7 Remove the gasket from the bottom of the assembly, if
necessary.
8 Remove the FID ignitor castle.
a Loosen the collector nut.
b Remove the collector nut and the spring washer.
c Lift the castle out of the collector housing. When
removing the castle, some of the collector parts may be
attached. Set these on a clean cloth to protect from
scratches or dirt.
204
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the FID
10
9 If only replacing the FID castle, skip to step 15 for
reassembly.
10 Remove the collector and insulators.
a If needed, remove the collector and upper insulator
from the FID housing. The lower insulator may come
out with the collector, but often remains in the FID
housing. Place the parts on a clean cloth.
b Remove the lower insulator with tweezers and place
the parts on a clean cloth.
Maintaining Your GC
205
10 Maintaining the FID
11 Remove the collector housing from the mount, if
necessary.
12 Use tweezers to remove the gasket from the bottom of the
housing.
The collector assembly is now completely disassembled.
Reassemble as follows:
13 Use tweezers to install a new gasket onto the housing,
being sure that it lays flat on the brass surface.
14 Install the collector insulators.
a Insert one of the insulators into the base of the
housing. Seat the insulator with the flat surface facing
out of the housing.
b Insert the long end of collector into the housing and
lower insulator.
206
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the FID
10
c Insert the other insulator onto the top of the collector,
with the flat surface facing towards the housing.
15 Install the FID ignitor castle.
a Orient the castle so that the threaded hole for the
ignitor faces toward the electronics.
b Insert the FID castle into the collector housing.
c Install the spring washer over the castle.
Maintaining Your GC
207
10 Maintaining the FID
d Install the collector nut over the castle and tighten
firmly. The seal should be airtight. Maintain the
orientation of the ignitor hole with the base as shown
below.
16 Install the FID ignitor.
a Insert the ignitor and copper seal into the threaded
hole of the castle. Keep the mating threads clean.
b Tighten the ignitor with a wrench. Ignition requires a
good electrical contact that is free of any dirt.
208
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the FID
10
17 Lower the collector assembly into the housing.
18 Insert the three screws and tighten (to 18 inch- pounds).
19 Connect the ignitor extension cable.
20 Verify assembly:
a Check the FID leakage current. (See “To Check the FID
Leakage Current” on page 210.)
b Bakeout the detector. (See “To Bakeout the FID” on
page 215.)
c Check the FID baseline. (See “To Check the FID
Baseline” on page 211.)
Maintaining Your GC
209
10 Maintaining the FID
To Check the FID Leakage Current
1 Load the analytical method.
• Make sure flows are acceptable for ignition.
• Heat the detector to operating temperature or 300 °C.
2 Turn off the FID flame.
3 Press [Front Detector] or [Back Detector], then scroll to
Output.
4 Verify that the output is stable and < 1.0 pA.
If the output is unstable or > 1.0 pA, turn off the GC and
check for proper assembly of the upper FID parts and
contamination. If this contamination is confined to the
detector, bakeout the FID. (See “To Bakeout the FID” on
page 215.)
5 Turn on the flame.
210
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the FID
10
To Check the FID Baseline
1 With the column installed, load your checkout method.
2 Set the oven temperature to 35 °C.
3 Press [Front Detector] or [Back Detector], then scroll to
Output.
4 When the flame is lit and the GC is ready, verify that the
output is stable and < 20 pA.
If the output is not stable or > 20 pA, the system or gas
may be contaminated. If this contamination is isolated to
the detector, then bakeout the FID. (See “To Bakeout the
FID” on page 215.)
Maintaining Your GC
211
10 Maintaining the FID
To Install the FID Insulation Cup Assembly (Adaptable FID Only)
1 Gather the following:
• Insulation (See “Consumables and Parts for the FID”
on page 184.)
• Insulation cup assembly
2 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The detector may be hot enough to cause burns. If the
detector is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your hands.
3 Assemble the insulation in the cup. Line up the slots in
the insulation with the slot in the cup.
Capillary columns should be attached to the detector
before installing the cup. When attaching a packed column
to the detector, cap the detector fitting before installing
the cup to prevent insulation contamination of the
detector.
212
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the FID
10
4 Push the wire spring lever to the right to uncover the
hole.
5 From inside the oven with the column installed, pass the
column through the slot in the cup. Move the cup up over
the detector fitting so that the cup touches the top of the
oven. You should be able to see the groove in the fitting.
6 Release the spring into the groove of the fitting.
Maintaining Your GC
213
10 Maintaining the FID
To Install the Optional FID PTFE Chimney Insert
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The detector may be hot enough to cause burns. If the
detector is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your hands.
1 Light the FID flame.
2 Insert the PTFE chimney into the FID castle.
NOTE
214
When installed, the PTFE chimney insert prevents ignition.
Maintaining Your GC
10
Maintaining the FID
To Bakeout the FID
WA R N I N G
If using hydrogen as a carrier gas, turn off the hydrogen supply
and cap the end of the column to prevent an oven explosion.
1 Bakeout the FID with the column installed or uninstalled.
If uninstalled, gather the following (see “Consumables and
Parts for the FID” on page 184):
• Capillary adapter (adaptable FID only)
• Column nut
• No- hole ferrule
2 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The detector may be hot enough to cause burns. If the
detector is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your hands.
3 If the column is uninstalled, plug the detector connection
with the capillary adapter, column nut, and no- hole
ferrule.
Maintain inert carrier gas flow through the column, or
remove the column from the GC.
4 Set the detector temperature at 350 to 375 °C.
5 Set normal operating flows.
6 Light the FID flame.
7 Set the oven temperature to 250 °C or 25 °C above the
normal maximum operating temperature. Do not exceed
the column’s temperature limit.
Maintaining Your GC
215
10 Maintaining the FID
8 Hold at temperature for 30 minutes or until the baseline
settles at a lower value. The baseline will typically rise,
then fall to a final value lower than the initial baseline.
9 Restore the analytical method and allow the FID to
equilibrate.
10 Check the FID output value. It should be lower than the
first reading. If it is not, contact your Agilent service
representative.
Without a column installed, a clean system baseline
should be < 20 pA.
11 If the column is not installed in the FID, install it. (See
“To Install a Capillary Column in the FID” on page 193.)
216
Maintaining Your GC
Agilent 7890A Gas Chromatograph
Maintaining Your GC
11
Maintaining the TCD
Consumables and Parts for the TCD 218
To Install a Capillary Column in the TCD 220
To Install the Optional TCD Capillary Column Adapter 222
To Install a Capillary Column with the Optional TCD Capillary Column
Adapter 223
To Bakeout Contaminants from the TCD 225
Agilent Technologies
217
11 Maintaining the TCD
Consumables and Parts for the TCD
See the Agilent catalog for consumables and supplies for a
more complete listing, or visit the Agilent Web site for the latest
information (www.agilent.com/chem/supplies).
Standard TCD column hardware
Table 31
Standard parts for attaching columns to the TCD
Column
Description
Unit
Part number
Capillary
Nut, 1/8-inch id, brass Swagelok
10/pk
5180-4103
Back ferrule, for 0.1-mm to 0.53-mm capillary columns
10/pk
5182-3477
Front ferrule, 0.53-mm capillary columns
10/pk
5182-9673
Front ferrule, 0.32-mm capillary columns
10/pk
5182-9676
Front ferrule, 0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, and 0.25-mm capillary columns
10/pk
5182-9677
1/4-inch packed
1/8-inch Swagelok plug
5180-4124
1/4-inch packed column adapter
G1532-20710
1/8-inch id Vespel/graphite ferrule
10/pk
0100-1332
Nut, 1/8-inch id, brass
10/pk
5180-4103
Ferrule, Vespel, 1/4-inch
10/pk
5080-8774
1/4-inch id tubing nut, brass
10/pk
5180-4105
1/8-inch Swagelok plug
1/8-inch packed
5180-4124
Ferrule, 1/8-inch Vespel/graphite
10/pk
0100-1332
Nut, 1/8-inch id, brass
10/pk
5180-4103
1/8-inch Swagelok plug
5180-4124
Optional TCD capillary column hardware
Table 32
Optional TCD capillary column adapter hardware
Description
Unit
Capillary adapter
218
Part number
G1532-80540
Ferrule, Vespel, 1/8-inch
10/pk
0100-1332
Nut, brass, 1/8-inch
10/pk
5180-4103
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the TCD
Table 33
Nuts, ferrules, and hardware for capillary columns
Column id (mm)
Description
Typical use
Part number/quantity
.530
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.8-mm id
0.45-mm and 0.53-mm capillary
columns
5062-3512 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 1.0-mm id
0.53-mm capillary columns
5080-8773 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
0.53-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8293
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.5-mm id
0.32-mm capillary columns
5062-3514 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.4-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, and 0.25-mm
capillary columns
5181-3323 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.37-mm id
0.1-mm and 0.2-mm capillary
columns
5062-3516 (10/pk)
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.4-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, and 0.25-mm
capillary columns
5181-3323 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
Ferrule, no-hole
Testing
5181-3308 (10/pk)
Capillary column blanking nut
Testing–use with any ferrule
5020-8294
Column nut, universal
Connect column to inlet or detector
5181-8830 (2/pk)
Column cutter, ceramic wafer
Cutting capillary columns
5181-8836 (4/pk)
.320
.250
.100 and .200
All
11
Maintaining Your GC
219
11 Maintaining the TCD
To Install a Capillary Column in the TCD
1 Gather the following:
• Front ferrule (See “Consumables and Parts for the
TCD” on page 218.)
• Back ferrule
• Column nut
• Column cutter
• 7/16- inch wrench
• Lab tissue
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or inlet may be hot enough to cause
burns. If the inlet is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your
hands.
WA R N I N G
Wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from flying particles
while handling, cutting, or installing glass or fused silica capillary
columns. Use care in handling these columns to prevent puncture
wounds.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
3 Assemble the ferrules and 1/8- inch brass Swagelok nut on
the column.
Front ferrule
Back ferrule
Nut
220
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the TCD
11
4 Score the column using a glass scribing tool. The score
must be square to ensure a clean break.
5 Break off the column end by supporting it against the
column cutter opposite the scribe. Inspect the end with a
magnifying loupe to make certain that there are no burrs
or jagged edges.
6 Wipe the column walls with a tissue dampened with
isopropanol to remove fingerprints and dust.
7 Insert the column into the detector until it bottoms.
8 Slide the column nut and ferrules up the column to the
detector and finger- tighten the nut.
9 Pull out 1 mm of column. Tighten the nut an additional
1/4 turn with a wrench or until the column does not
move.
Maintaining Your GC
221
11 Maintaining the TCD
To Install the Optional TCD Capillary Column Adapter
1 Gather the following:
• Capillary column adapter (See “Consumables and Parts
for the TCD” on page 218.)
• 1/4- inch and 7/16- inch wrenches
• 1/8- inch brass nut
• 1/8- inch Vespel ferrule
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
3 Assemble the brass nut and ferrule onto the capillary
column adapter.
Ferrule, 1/8-inch
Nut, 1/8-inch
Capillary column adapter
4 Install the adapter assembly into the detector fitting and
tighten finger- tight. Use a wrench to tighten until snug.
222
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the TCD
11
To Install a Capillary Column with the Optional TCD Capillary Column
Adapter
1 Gather the following:
• Ferrule (See “Consumables and Parts for the TCD” on
page 218.)
• Column cutter
• Column nut
• 1/4- in. and 7/16- in. wrenches
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The detector may be hot enough to cause burns. If the
detector is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your hands.
WA R N I N G
Wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from flying particles
while handling, cutting, or installing glass or fused silica capillary
columns. Use care in handling these columns to prevent puncture
wounds.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
3 Place a capillary column nut and ferrule on the column.
Ferrule
Column nut
4 Score the column using a glass scribing tool. The score
must be square to ensure a clean break.
Maintaining Your GC
223
11 Maintaining the TCD
5 Break off the column end by supporting it against the
column cutter opposite the scribe. Inspect the end with a
magnifying loupe to make certain there are no burrs or
jagged edges.
6 Wipe the column walls with a tissue dampened with
isopropanol to remove fingerprints and dust.
7 Gently insert the column into the detector until it
bottoms. Do not attempt to force it further.
8 Slide the column nut and ferrule up the column to the
adapter and tighten the nut finger tight.
9 Pull the column out 1 mm. Use a wrench to tighten the
nut an additional 1/4- turn. The column should not move.
224
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the TCD
11
To Bakeout Contaminants from the TCD
The bakeout can be performed with the column installed or
the detector capped.
CAUTION
If the column is not installed, you must turn off the TCD filament and
cap the detector column fitting to prevent irreparable damage to the
filament caused by oxygen entering the detector.
1 If the column is not installed, cap the detector.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The detector may be hot enough to cause burns. If the
detector is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your hands.
2 Turn off the TCD filament.
3 If the column is attached to the inlet, maintain inert
carrier gas flow through the column.
WA R N I N G
If using hydrogen as a carrier gas, turn off the hydrogen supply
and cap the end of the column to prevent an oven explosion.
4 Set the reference gas flow rate between 20 and
30 mL/min.
5 Set the detector temperature to 375 °C.
6 Hold at 375 °C for several hours.
7 If the column is uninstalled, install it. (See “To Install a
Capillary Column in the TCD” on page 220.)
8 Load the analytical method.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven or detector fittings may be hot enough to
cause burns.
9 Allow the oven, inlet, and detector to equilibrate at
operating temperature, then re- tighten the fittings.
Maintaining Your GC
225
11 Maintaining the TCD
226
Maintaining Your GC
Agilent 7890A Gas Chromatograph
Maintaining Your GC
12
Maintaining the uECD
Important Safety Information About the uECD 228
Consumables and Parts for the uECD 230
Exploded Parts View of the uECD 232
To Replace the uECD Fused Silica Indented Mixing Liner and Install the
Makeup Gas Adapter 233
To Install a Capillary Column in the uECD 237
To Install the Insulating Cup for the uECD 240
To Bakeout the uECD 242
This section describes the routine maintenance tasks for the
micro- Electron Capture Detector (uECD). For important
regulatory and safety information for this detector, refer to
the general information booklet and CD provided with the
detector.
Agilent Technologies
227
12 Maintaining the uECD
Important Safety Information About the uECD
The uECD contains a cell plated with 63Ni, a radioactive
isotope. The beta particles released at the energy level in the
detector have little penetrating power—the surface layer of
the skin or a few sheets of paper will stop most of them—but
they may be hazardous if the isotope is ingested or inhaled.
For this reason, handle the cell with care. Cap the detector
inlet and outlet fittings when the detector is not in use.
Never introduce corrosive chemicals into the detector. Vent
detector exhaust outside the laboratory environment.
Refer to the safety documentation provided with the detector
for important details about safety, maintenance, and
compliance with local government regulation.
WA R N I N G
WA R N I N G
Materials that may react with the 63Ni source, either to form
volatile products or to cause physical degradation of the plated
film, must be avoided. These materials include oxidizing
compounds, acids, wet halogens, wet nitric acid, ammonium
hydroxide, hydrogen sulfide, PCBs, and carbon monoxide. This list
is not exhaustive but indicates the kinds of compounds that may
cause damage to 63Ni detectors.
In the extremely unlikely event that both the oven and the
detector-heated zone should go into thermal runaway (maximum,
uncontrolled heating in excess of 400 °C) at the same time and the
detector remains exposed to this condition for more than 12 hours,
take the following steps:
1
After turning off the main power and allowing the instrument to
cool, cap the detector inlet and exhaust vent openings. Wear
disposable plastic gloves and observe normal laboratory safety
precautions.
2
Return the cell for disposal, following directions included with
the License Verification Form (part number 19233-90750).
3
Include a letter stating the condition of abuse.
It is unlikely, even in this very unusual situation, that radioactive
material will escape the cell. However, permanent damage to the
63Ni plating within the cell is possible; therefore, the cell must be
returned for exchange.
228
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the uECD
12
WA R N I N G
Do not use solvents to clean the uECD.
WA R N I N G
You may not open the uECD cell unless authorized to do so by your
local nuclear regulatory agency. Do not disturb the four
socket-head bolts. These hold the cell halves together. United
States customers removing or disturbing them is a violation of the
terms of the exemption and could create a safety hazard.
When handling uECDs:
• Never eat, drink, or smoke.
• Always wear safety glasses when working with or near
open uECDs.
• Wear protective clothing such as laboratory jackets, safety
glasses, and gloves, and follow good laboratory practices.
Wash hands thoroughly with a mild nonabrasive cleaner
after handling uECDs.
• Cap the inlet and outlet fittings when the uECD is not in
use.
• Connect the uECD exhaust vent to a fume hood or vent it
to the outside. See the latest revision of 10 CFR Part 20
(including Appendix B), or the applicable state regulation.
For other countries, consult with the appropriate agency
for equivalent requirements.
Agilent Technologies recommends a vent line internal
diameter of 6 mm (1/4- inch) or greater. With a line of
this diameter, the length is not critical.
Maintaining Your GC
229
12 Maintaining the uECD
Consumables and Parts for the uECD
See the Agilent catalog for consumables and supplies for a more
complete listing, or visit the Agilent Web site for the latest
information (www.agilent.com/chem/supplies).
Table 34
Table 35
uECD consumables and parts
Description
Part number/quantity
Fused silica indented mixing liner
G2397-20540
Makeup gas adapter
G3433-63000
ECD wipe test kit
18713-60050
Insulation
19234-60715 (3/pk)
Insulation cup assembly
19234-60700
Nut, 1/4-inch Swagelok adapter
5180-4105 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphitized Vespel, 1/4-inch
5080-8774 (10/pk)
Capillary column blanking nut
5020-8294
Nuts, ferrules, and hardware for capillary columns
Column id (mm)
Description
Typical use
Part number/quantity
.530
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.8-mm id
0.45-mm and 0.53-mm capillary
columns
5062-3512 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 1.0-mm id
0.53-mm capillary columns
5080-8773 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
0.53-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8293
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.5-mm id
0.32-mm capillary columns
5062-3514 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.4-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, and 0.25-mm
capillary columns
5181-3323 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
.320
.250
230
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the uECD
Table 35
Nuts, ferrules, and hardware for capillary columns (continued)
Column id (mm)
Description
Typical use
Part number/quantity
.100 and .200
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.37-mm id
0.1-mm and 0.2-mm capillary
columns
5062-3516 (10/pk)
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.4-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, and 0.25-mm
capillary columns
5181-3323 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
Ferrule, no-hole
Testing
5181-3308 (10/pk)
Capillary column blanking nut
Testing–use with any ferrule
5020-8294
Column nut, universal
Connect column to inlet or detector
5181-8830 (2/pk)
Column cutter, ceramic wafer
Cutting capillary columns
5181-8836 (4/pk)
All
12
Maintaining Your GC
231
12 Maintaining the uECD
Exploded Parts View of the uECD
Vent line
Warning tag
Perforated cover
Electrometer
Ferrule
Adapter nut
Cap
Liner
Makeup gas adapter
Insulation
Insulation cup
Ferrule
Column nut
232
Maintaining Your GC
12
Maintaining the uECD
To Replace the uECD Fused Silica Indented Mixing Liner and Install the
Makeup Gas Adapter
1 Gather the following:
• Fused silica indented mixing liner (See “Consumables
and Parts for the uECD” on page 230.)
• 1/4- inch Swagelok nut
• 1/4- inch Vespel/graphite ferrule
• 9/16- inch wrench
• Methanol
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or detector may be hot enough to cause
burns. If the detector is hot, wear gloves to protect your hands.
WA R N I N G
Wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from flying particles
while handling, cutting, or installing glass or fused silica capillary
columns. Use care in handling these columns to prevent puncture
wounds.
3 Remove the insulating cup from the detector base.
4 Remove the column from the makeup gas adapter.
CAUTION
To prevent damage avoid flexing/bending the tubing on the makeup
gas adapter.
5 Remove the makeup gas adapter.
a Loosen the adapter nut with a wrench and slide out
the makeup gas adapter from the uECD. Remove the
ferrule.
Maintaining Your GC
233
12 Maintaining the uECD
The makeup gas adapter will remain attached to the
supply tubing and hang suspended in the oven.
b Adjust the adapter’s position so that maintenance can
be performed on the adapter easily and without
obstruction.
6 Unscrew and remove the adapter cap.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
7 Remove the fused silica indented mixing liner and inspect.
Replace it if it is broken or contaminated with sample or
graphite.
8 Ultrasonically clean the adapter cap in methanol. Clean
the outer surfaces of the makeup gas adapter with
methanol.
9 Install the fused silica indented mixing liner into the
makeup gas adapter, then install the cap. The indentation
on the fused silica indented mixing liner must be at the
cap end of the adapter.
234
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the uECD
12
Indentation
Cap
Capillary column
makeup gas
adapter
Fused silica indented
mixing liner
10 Place a new 1/4- inch Swagelok nut and ferrule onto the
makeup gas adapter.
Ferrule
1/4-inch nut
11 Slowly install the adapter straight into the detector
fitting. Jiggle the adapter, if necessary, to make sure it is
seated all the way into the detector fitting. Be careful not
to break the column end.
Detector fitting
12 Tighten the nut finger- tight and then use a 9/16- inch
wrench to tighten until snug.
If the adapter is properly installed, the distance between
the 1/4- inch nut and the bottom of the adapter will be
19 ± 1 mm. If the distance is 22 to 23 mm, install the
adapter into the detector fitting.
Maintaining Your GC
235
12 Maintaining the uECD
19 ± 1 mm
13 Attach the column. (See “To Install a Capillary Column in
the uECD” on page 237.)
236
Maintaining Your GC
12
Maintaining the uECD
To Install a Capillary Column in the uECD
1 Gather the following:
• Ferrule (See “Consumables and Parts for the uECD” on
page 230.)
• Column nut
• Septum
• Column
• 1/4- inch, 5/16- inch, and 9/16- inch wrenches
• Column cutter
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or detector may be hot enough to cause
burns. If the detector is hot, wear gloves to protect your hands.
WA R N I N G
Wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from flying particles
while handling, cutting, or installing glass or fused silica capillary
columns. Use care in handling these columns to prevent puncture
wounds.
3 Load the inlet maintenance method and wait for the GC
to become ready.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
4 Place a septum (if the column id is ≤0.2 mm), capillary
column nut, and ferrule on the column.
Maintaining Your GC
237
12 Maintaining the uECD
Ferrule
Column nut
Septum
5 Score the column using a glass scribing tool. The score
must be square to ensure a clean break.
6 Break off the column end by supporting it against the
column cutter opposite the scribe. Inspect the end with a
magnifying loupe to make certain there are no burrs or
jagged edges.
7 Wipe the column walls with a tissue dampened with
isopropanol to remove fingerprints and dust.
8 Install the column.
If the column id is 200 um or more, push the column
into the adapter until it stops at the indentation. Pull it
back 1 to 2 mm and tighten the column nut with one
5/16- inch wrench on the adapter and another 1/4- inch
wrench on the column nut.
If the id is less the 200 um, mark the column with a
septum 70 ± 1 mm from the end. Insert column and nut
into the adapter with the septum at the rear of the
column nut, and tighten the column nut with one
5/16- inch wrench on the adapter and another 1/4- inch
wrench on the column nut.
70 ± 1 mm
Septum
238
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the uECD
12
9 After heating the detector, retighten the 9/16- inch
makeup adapter nut and 1/4- inch column nut.
Maintaining Your GC
239
12 Maintaining the uECD
To Install the Insulating Cup for the uECD
1 Gather the following:
• Nut warmer insulation (See “Consumables and Parts
for the uECD” on page 230.)
• Insulation cup assembly
2 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or detector may be hot enough to cause
burns. If the detector is hot, wear gloves to protect your hands.
3 Install the insulation in the cup. Line up the slots in the
insulation with the slot in the cup.
4 Push the wire spring lever to the right to uncover the
hole.
5 With a capillary column installed to prevent insulation
contamination of the detector, slide the column into the
slot on the insulation cup and place the cup over the
makeup gas adapter.
240
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the uECD
12
6 Slide the cup up so that the cup touches the top of the
oven and you can see the groove in the makeup gas
adapter.
7 Release the spring into the groove of the makeup gas
adapter.
Maintaining Your GC
241
12 Maintaining the uECD
To Bakeout the uECD
WA R N I N G
Detector disassembly and/or cleaning procedures other than
thermal should be performed only by personnel trained and
licensed appropriately to handle radioactive materials. Trace
amounts of radioactive 63Ni may be removed during other
procedures, causing possible hazardous exposure to b- and
x-radiation.
CAUTION
To prevent possible hazardous contamination of the area with
radioactive material, the detector exhaust vent always must be
connected to a fume hood or otherwise vented in compliance with
the latest revision of 10 CFR Part 20, or with state regulations with
which the Nuclear Regulatory Commission has entered into an
agreement (USA only). For other countries, consult with the
appropriate agency for equivalent requirements.
1 Gather the following:
• Column nut and no- hole ferrule (See “Consumables
and Parts for the uECD” on page 230.)
• Blanking nut with any column ferrule
2 With the detector and oven at normal operating
temperatures, show the detector output. Press [Front Det]
or [Back Det]. Note the value of Output for later
comparison.
3 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or detector may be hot enough to cause
burns. If the detector is hot, wear gloves to protect your hands.
WA R N I N G
Wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from flying particles
while handling, cutting, or installing glass or fused silica capillary
columns. Use care in handling these columns to prevent puncture
wounds.
4 If the column maximum temperature is < 250 °C, remove
the column from the detector.
242
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the uECD
12
5 If the column is uninstalled, plug the detector connection
with the column nut and no- hole ferrule.
Maintain inert carrier gas flow through the column, or
remove the column from the GC.
6 Set the uECD temperature to 350 to 375 °C, the makeup
gas flow to 60 mL/min, and the oven temperature to
250 °C. If the column is uninstalled, leave the oven off to
protect the column.
7 If the column is installed in the uECD, set the oven
temperature to 250 °C. If the column is uninstalled, leave
the oven off to protect the column.
8 Allow thermal cleaning to continue for several hours and
then cool the system to normal operating temperatures.
The figure below shows detector output during a typical
cleaning cycle.
9 Check the uECD output value on the control table. It
should be lower than the first reading. If it is not, contact
your Agilent service representative.
10 Reinstall the column.
11 Restore the analytical method.
Maintaining Your GC
243
12 Maintaining the uECD
244
Maintaining Your GC
Agilent 7890A Gas Chromatograph
Maintaining Your GC
13
Maintaining the NPD
Consumables and Parts for the NPD 246
Exploded Parts View of the NPD 249
Selecting an NPD Jet 250
To Attach a Capillary Column Adapter on an Adaptable NPD 252
To Install a Capillary Column in the NPD 254
To Replace the NPD Bead Assembly 257
To Maintain the NPD Collector, Ceramic Insulators, and Jet 264
To Check the NPD Leakage Current 270
Agilent Technologies
245
13 Maintaining the NPD
Consumables and Parts for the NPD
See the Agilent catalog for consumables and supplies for a
more complete listing, or visit the Agilent Web site for the latest
information (www.agilent.com/chem/supplies).
Before selecting a jet, see “Selecting an NPD Jet” on
page 250.
Table 36
NPD parts
Description
Part number/quantity
Collector
G1534-20530
Screw, M3 × 0.5 × 8 mm
0515-0655
NPD white ceramic bead assembly
G1534-60570
NPD black ceramic bead assembly
5183-2007
NPD Blos bead assembly
G3434-60806
Screw, M4 × 10 mm
0515-2495
J-clamp
1400-0015
NPD ceramic insulator kit
• Metal C-rings, top and bottom
• Ceramic insulators, upper and lower
5182-9722
Insulation cup
19234-60720
NPD chemical sample kit solution of 0.65 ppm
azobenzene, 1000 ppm octadecane, 1 ppm
malathion in isooctane, 3 ampoules
18789-60060
NPD lid standoff
G1534-20590
Column adapters, for adaptable NPD only
246
FID/NPD capillary column adapter
19244-80610
1/8-inch packed column adapter
19231-80520
1/4-inch packed column adapter
19231-80530
1/4-inch packed glass column adapter
G1532-20710
1/4-inch column nut
5180-4105 10/pk
1/4-inch Vespel/graphite ferrule
5080-8774 10/pk
Maintaining Your GC
13
Maintaining the NPD
Table 37
Jet type
Part number
Jet tip id
Length
Capillary with extended jet
(recommended)
G1534-80580
0.29 mm
(0.011 inch)
51.5 mm
Capillary
G1531-80560
0.29 mm
(0.011 inch)
43 mm
High-temperature
G1531-80620
0.47 mm
(0.018 inch)
43 mm
Table 38
Table 39
Jets for capillary optimized fittings
Jets for adaptable fittings
Jet type
Part number
Jet tip id
Length
Capillary with extended jet
(recommended)
G1534-80590
0.29 mm
(0.11 inch)
70.5 mm
Capillary
19244-80560
0.29 mm
(0.011 inch)
61.5 mm
Capillary, high-temperature
19244-80620
0.47 mm
(0.018 inch)
61.5 mm
Packed
18710-20119
0.46 mm
(0.018 inch)
63.6 mm
Nuts, ferrules, and hardware for capillary columns
Column id (mm)
Description
Typical use
Part number/quantity
.530
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.8-mm id
0.45-mm and 0.53-mm capillary
columns
5062-3512 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 1.0-mm id
0.53-mm capillary columns
5080-8773 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
0.53-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8293
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.5-mm id
0.32-mm capillary columns
5062-3514 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.4-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, and 0.25-mm
capillary columns
5181-3323 (10/pk)
.320
.250
Maintaining Your GC
247
13 Maintaining the NPD
Table 39
Nuts, ferrules, and hardware for capillary columns (continued)
Column id (mm)
.100 and .200
All
248
Description
Typical use
Part number/quantity
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.37-mm id
0.1-mm and 0.2-mm capillary
columns
5062-3516 (10/pk)
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.4-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, and 0.25-mm
capillary columns
5181-3323 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
Ferrule, no-hole
Testing
5181-3308 (10/pk)
Capillary column blanking nut
Testing–use with any ferrule
5020-8294
Column nut, universal
Connect column to inlet or detector
5181-8830 (2/pk)
Column cutter, ceramic wafer
Cutting capillary columns
5181-8836 (4/pk)
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the NPD
13
Exploded Parts View of the NPD
Bead assembly
Bead assembly cable
Lid
Metal C-ring, top
Ceramic insulator, upper
Collector
Metal C-ring, bottom
Ceramic insulator
Metal C-ring, bottom
Jet
NPD lid standoff
NPD cover
J-clamp
Electrometer
Column
adapter
Insulation
Insulation
Insulation cup
Ferrule
Column nut
Maintaining Your GC
249
13 Maintaining the NPD
Selecting an NPD Jet
Open the oven door and locate the column connection fitting
at the base of the detector. It will look like either a capillary
optimized fitting or an adaptable fitting.
Adaptable fitting
Capillary optimized fitting
Detector fitting
Adapter
• If you have an application that tends to clog the jet, select
a jet with a wider tip id.
• When using packed columns in high column- bleed
applications, the jet tends to clog with silicon dioxide.
For capillary optimized fittings, select one of the following
from Table 40.
Table 40
Jets for capillary optimized fittings
Figure 3 ID
Jet type
Part number
Jet tip id
Length
1
Capillary with extended jet
(recommended)
G1534-80580
0.29 mm (0.011 inch)
51.5 mm
2
Capillary
G1531-80560
0.29 mm (0.011 inch)
43 mm
3
High-temperature
G1531-80620
0.47 mm (0.018 inch)
43 mm
51.5 mm
1
43 mm
2
43 mm
3
Figure 3
1
2
3
Capillary optimized NPD jets
For adaptable fittings, select one of the following from
Table 41.
250
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the NPD
Table 41
13
Jets for adaptable fittings
Figure 4 ID
Jet type
Part number
Jet tip id
Length
1
Capillary with extended jet
(recommended)
G1534-80590
0.29 mm (0.11 inch)
70.5 mm
2
Capillary
19244-80560
0.29 mm (0.011 inch)
61.5 mm
3
Capillary, high-temperature
19244-80620
0.47 mm (0.018 inch)
61.5 mm
4
Packed
18710-20119
0.46 mm (0.018 inch)
63.6 mm
70.5 mm
1
61.5 mm
2
61.5 mm
3
63.6 mm
1
2
3
4
4
Figure 4
Adaptable NPD jets
Maintaining Your GC
251
13 Maintaining the NPD
To Attach a Capillary Column Adapter on an Adaptable NPD
1 Gather the following materials:
• Adapter (See “Consumables and Parts for the NPD” on
page 246.)
• 1/4- inch nut
• 1/4- inch ferrule
• Column cutter
• 1/4- inch wrench
• 9/16- inch open- end wrench
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven, inlet, and/or detector may be hot enough to
cause burns. If the oven, inlet, or detector is hot, wear
heat-resistant gloves to protect your hands.
WA R N I N G
Wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from flying particles
while handling, cutting, or installing glass or fused silica capillary
columns. Use care in handling these columns to prevent puncture
wounds.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
3 Assemble a brass nut and Vespel/graphite ferrule onto the
adapter.
252
Maintaining Your GC
13
Maintaining the NPD
1/4-inch ferrule
1/4-inch nut
Adapter
4 Insert the adapter straight into the detector base as far as
possible.
5 Hold the adapter in this position and finger- tighten the
nut.
Adaptable fitting
Detector fitting
Adapter
6 Tighten an additional 1/4 turn with a wrench.
Maintaining Your GC
253
13 Maintaining the NPD
To Install a Capillary Column in the NPD
1 Gather the following materials:
• Column
• Ferrule(s) (See “Consumables and Parts for the NPD”
on page 246.)
• Column nut
• Column cutter
• 1/4- inch open- end wrench
• Septum
• Isopropanol
• Lab tissue
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven, inlet, and/or detector may be hot enough to
cause burns. If the oven, inlet, or detector is hot, wear
heat-resistant gloves to protect your hands.
WA R N I N G
Wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from flying particles
while handling, cutting, or installing glass or fused silica capillary
columns. Use care in handling these columns to prevent puncture
wounds.
If using the adaptable detector, verify that the adapter is
installed. (See “To Attach a Capillary Column Adapter on
an Adaptable NPD” on page 252.)
Capillary optimized fitting
254
Adaptable fitting
Maintaining Your GC
13
Maintaining the NPD
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
3 Place a septum (if the column id is ≤0.1 mm), capillary
column nut, and ferrule on the column.
Ferrule
Column nut
Septum
4 Score the column using a glass scribing tool. The score
must be square to ensure a clean break.
5 Break off the column end by supporting it against the
column cutter opposite the scribe. Inspect the end with a
magnifying loupe to make certain there are no burrs or
jagged edges.
6 Wipe the column walls with a tissue dampened with
isopropanol to remove fingerprints and dust.
7 Install the capillary column.
If the column id is greater than 0.1 mm:
a Gently insert the column into the detector until it
bottoms; do not attempt to force it further.
b Finger- tighten the column nut, then withdraw the
column about 1 mm. Tighten the nut an additional
1/4 turn with a wrench.
Maintaining Your GC
255
13 Maintaining the NPD
If the column id is 0.1 mm or less position the column so
it extends above the ferrule by 48 mm (capillary
optimized fitting) or 68 mm (adaptable fitting). Slide the
septum up to hold the column nut and ferrule at this fixed
position.
Capillary optimized fitting
Adaptable fitting
48 mm
68 mm
c Insert the column into the detector. Slide the nut and
ferrule up the column to the detector base.
Finger- tighten the column nut until it grips the
column.
d Adjust the column (not the septum) position so that
the septum is even with the bottom of the column nut.
Tighten the nut an additional 1/4 turn with a wrench.
256
Maintaining Your GC
13
Maintaining the NPD
To Replace the NPD Bead Assembly
1 Gather the following:
• Replacement NPD bead assembly. (See “Consumables
and Parts for the NPD” on page 246.)
• Lint- free gloves
• T- 10 Torx screwdriver
CAUTION
The bead is delicate. Be careful not to break or crack the bead.
When performing maintenance on the NPD, avoid touching the bead
with your fingers, and prevent it from coming in contact with other
surfaces.
2 Set the NPD bead voltage to 0.0, then turn it off. (Setting
the bead voltage to zero first makes sure that when you
turn the bead back on, the voltage is safe. Otherwise,
turning off the bead voltage will save a high setpoint that
can damage a new bead.)
Agilent data system users: After setting the bead voltage
to 0.0, save the data system method and shut down the
instrument session. (Note that in some data system
versions, you may need to use the GC keypad to set the
voltage. To do this, the keypad must be unlocked and you
must close the GC parameters screen of the data system.
Upload the revised setting, then save the method and shut
down the instrument session.)
3 Set Adjust Offset to Off.
4 Cool the detector to 60 °C or lower. Leave all gas flows
on. To cool the detector faster, raise the GC detector
cover and open the hinged NPD cover.
5 Remove the GC detector top cover.
WA R N I N G
Hazardous voltages are present when the electronics top cover is
open.
6 Remove the electronics cover. See “To Remove the
Electronics Cover”.
Maintaining Your GC
257
13 Maintaining the NPD
7 Put on lint- free gloves before touching any of the detector
parts.
258
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven or detector fittings may be hot enough to
cause burns.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
Maintaining Your GC
13
Maintaining the NPD
8 Twist the ring to disconnect the bead assembly cable.
Push and twist the lock so that the button slides up in
the groove, then pull the cable ends apart.
1
2
3
1
2
3
Maintaining Your GC
259
13 Maintaining the NPD
9 Remove the 3 T- 10 Torx screws from the bead assembly.
Bead assembly
10 Gently lift up and remove the old bead assembly. Avoid
bumping the bead on the sides of the collector.
11 Remove the protective cap covering the new bead.
12 Mount the new bead assembly on the NPD lid. Be careful
not to bump the bead on the sides of the lid or collector.
13 Replace the screws. Finger- tighten the first screw; tighten
the remaining screws normally and then completely
tighten the first screw. Do not overtighten the screws.
260
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the NPD
13
14 Carefully bend the bead assembly cable 90 °.
15 Reconnect the bead assembly cable to the NPD cable and
twist the ring to lock the connection.
Maintaining Your GC
261
13 Maintaining the NPD
2
1
16 Close the NPD cover, install the GC detector top cover,
and install the electronics top cover. All covers must be
closed to get a stable NPD baseline.
17 Configure the new bead.
• Set the bead type.
• Review the Maximum Bead Voltage setting and adjust,
if necessary.
• Review the Dry Bead and Auto Adjust Bead settings.
18 Restore normal NPD operating gas flows.
19 With all gases on, heat the detector to 150 °C and hold
for about 15 minutes, then increase the temperature to
250 °C and hold for 15 minutes.
20 Increase the temperature to operating value (310 to
320 °C recommended). Allow 15 minutes for equilibration.
21 Check the NPD leakage current. (See “To Check the NPD
Leakage Current” on page 270.) If > 2.0 pA, verify bead
installation or see the Troubleshooting manual.
22 If using an Agilent data system, connect to the
instrument.
23 Restore the analytical method. Confirm the detector
hydrogen, air, makeup gas flow rates.
262
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the NPD
13
24 Set equilibration time to 0.0. Start the Adjust offset process.
Enter the desired offset in the Target offset field. The
default offset is 20 pA for Blos beads, and 30 pA for
white or black beads. For white and black beads, an offset
of 25 to 30 pA is sufficient for most applications. The
bead life may be shortened at a higher offset.
25 Reset the bead counter.
Maintaining Your GC
263
13 Maintaining the NPD
To Maintain the NPD Collector, Ceramic Insulators, and Jet
When replacing the jet, always install a new collector,
ceramic insulators, and metal C- rings.
When replacing the collector, Agilent recommends replacing
the ceramic insulators and metal C- rings.
1 Gather the following:
• NPD ceramic insulator kit (see “Consumables and Parts
for the NPD” on page 246.)
• Collector
• Cap for the bead
• T- 10 and T- 20 Torx screwdrivers
• Tweezers
• Cotton swab
• Solvent
• Methanol
• Jet (see “Selecting an NPD Jet” on page 250)
• Lint- free gloves
• Compressed, filtered dry air or nitrogen
CAUTION
The bead is delicate. Be careful not to break or crack the bead.
When performing maintenance on the NPD, avoid touching the bead
with your fingers, and prevent it from coming in contact with other
surfaces.
2 Set the bead voltage to 0.0 and Adjust Offset to Off.
3 Check and note the NPD leakage current for reference.
(See “To Check the NPD Leakage Current” on page 270.)
4 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven or detector fittings may be hot enough to
cause burns.
5 Remove the bead. (See “To Replace the NPD Bead
Assembly” on page 257.)
264
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the NPD
13
CAUTION
This step exposes the interconnect spring. Be careful not to touch or
disfigure the spring while working on the FID. Any dirt or bending
will reduce the sensitivity of your detector.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
6 Remove the screws that secure the lid, and remove it. The
top metal C- ring and upper ceramic insulator may be
attached to the lid.
7 Remove the screws that secure the electrometer and the
interconnect.
Spring
EMI suppressor
8 Pull the electrometer away from the detector to free the
interconnect. Turn the electrometer to the right to obtain
working space. Be careful not to touch or bend the
spring. Be careful not to lose the EMI suppressor.
Maintaining Your GC
265
13 Maintaining the NPD
9 Remove the large metal C- ring and the upper ceramic
insulator if they were not attached to the lid.
10 Remove the collector. If the detector is operated at high
temperatures, the collector parts may stick inside the
detector. Gently push and wiggle them to break the seal.
Metal C-ring, top
Ceramic insulator, upper
Collector
Figure 5
NPD collector, upper insulator, and metal C-ring
11 Use tweezers to remove the lower ceramic insulator and
the two small metal C- rings located above and below the
collector. If these parts are stuck together, do not
separate them. If they are not stuck, remember which
metal ring was on top of the insulator and which was
below it. The pieces must be reassembled in the same
orientation.
Metal C-ring, bottom
Ceramic insulator, lower
Metal C-ring, bottom
Figure 6
NPD lower ceramic insulator and metal C-rings
12 If not replacing the jet, skip to step 19.
13 Remove the column from the detector.
266
Maintaining Your GC
13
Maintaining the NPD
14 Loosen the jet with a nut driver.
15 Pull the jet straight out of the detector. Use tweezers, if
necessary.
CAUTION
The adaptable NPD jet is longer than the capillary optimized NPD
extended jet and should never be installed in a capillary optimized
detector.
16 Place the jet in the detector body.
17 Using a nut driver, tighten the jet 1/6 turn past
finger- tight. Do not overtighten.
18 Attach the column to the detector. (See “To Attach a
Capillary Column Adapter on an Adaptable NPD” on
page 252.)
19 Use a cotton swab wetted with solvent to clean the
residue from the inside of the collector and around the
jet. If the collector appears very dirty, replace it with a
new one.
20 Install the bottom metal C- ring, the lower ceramic
insulator, and the top metal C- ring. See Figure 5.
21 Install the collector.
Maintaining Your GC
267
13 Maintaining the NPD
22 Install the upper ceramic insulator and top metal C- ring
above the collector. See Figure 6.
23 Install the lid, making sure that the NPD lid standoffs are
in their slots. Hold the lid flat while each of the screws is
tightened until they touch the lid. Tighten each screw
evenly, 1/2 turn at a time, until tight. Do not overtighten.
24 Slide the electrometer interconnect into the slot on the lid
and lower the electrometer into the mounting tray. Be
careful not to touch or bend the spring.
25 Install the J- clamp and screws to secure the electrometer
to the pallet.
268
Maintaining Your GC
13
Maintaining the NPD
26 Install the bead assembly and restore normal operating
conditions. (See “To Replace the NPD Bead Assembly” on
page 257.) (Do not reset the bead counter unless
replaced.)
After installing new collector parts, the NPD leakage
current should be lower. (See “To Check the NPD Leakage
Current” on page 270.) If the leakage current is abnormal,
check for proper reassembly of the detector (especially
where the electrometer interconnect contacts the collector
assembly) and for leaks.
Maintaining Your GC
269
13 Maintaining the NPD
To Check the NPD Leakage Current
1 Load the analytical method.
2 Set the NPD Adjust Offset to Off and the Bead Voltage to
0.00 V.
• Leave the NPD at operating temperature
• Leave flows on or off
3 Press [Front Detector] or [Back Detector], then scroll to
Output.
4 Verify that the output (leakage current) is stable and
< 2.0 pA.
The output should slowly drop towards 0.0 pA, and
should stabilize in the tenths of a picoamp. Current
> 2.0pA indicates a problem.
270
Maintaining Your GC
Agilent 7890A Gas Chromatograph
Maintaining Your GC
14
Maintaining the FPD
Consumables and Parts for the FPD 272
Exploded Parts View of the FPD 274
To Install a Capillary Column Adapter in the FPD 275
To Attach a Capillary Column to the FPD 277
To Change the FPD Wavelength Filter 279
To Remove the FPD Vent Tube 282
To Replace the FPD Ignitor 284
To Install the FPD Vent Tube and Cover 286
Agilent Technologies
271
14 Maintaining the FPD
Consumables and Parts for the FPD
See the Agilent catalog for consumables and supplies for a more
complete listing, or visit the Agilent Web site for the latest
information (www.agilent.com/chem/supplies).
Table 42
Table 43
FPD supplies
Description
Part number/quantity
Sulfur filter
1000-1437
Sulfur filter spacer
19256-20910
Phosphorus filter
19256-80010
Exit tube assembly, aluminum
19256-60700
Exit tube assembly, stainless steel
19256-20705
Vespel ferrule, 1/4-inch id
0100-1061
Ignitor replacement kit
• O-ring
• Spacer
• Glow plug
19256-60800
Screw, M3 × 66 mm, T-10
0515-0680
Collar
19256-20690
Capillary adapter nut
19256-21150
Capillary adapter seat
19256-21140
1/4-inch packed adapter
G1532-20710
Column measuring tool
19256-80640
Spring to secure photomultiplier tube
1460-1160
1/8-inch packed adapter nut
0100-0057
1/8-inch Vespel ferrule for packed
adapter
0100-1332
Nuts, ferrules, and hardware for capillary columns
Column id (mm)
Description
Typical use
Part number/quantity
.530
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.8-mm id
0.45-mm and 0.53-mm capillary
columns
5062-3512 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 1.0-mm id
0.53-mm capillary columns
5080-8773 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
0.53-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8293
272
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the FPD
Table 43
Nuts, ferrules, and hardware for capillary columns (continued)
Column id (mm)
Description
Typical use
Part number/quantity
.320
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.5-mm id
0.32-mm capillary columns
5062-3514 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.4-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, and 0.25-mm
capillary columns
5181-3323 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.37-mm id
0.1-mm and 0.2-mm capillary
columns
5062-3516 (10/pk)
Ferrule, Vespel/graphite,
0.4-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, and 0.25-mm
capillary columns
5181-3323 (10/pk)
Ferrule, graphite, 0.5-mm id
0.1-mm, 0.2-mm, 0.25-mm, and
0.32-mm capillary columns
5080-8853 (10/pk)
Column nut, finger-tight (for
.100- to .320-mm columns)
Connect column to inlet or detector
5020-8292
Ferrule, no-hole
Testing
5181-3308 (10/pk)
Capillary column blanking nut
Testing–use with any ferrule
5020-8294
Column nut, universal
Connect column to inlet or detector
5181-8830 (2/pk)
Column cutter, ceramic wafer
Cutting capillary columns
5181-8836 (4/pk)
.250
.100 and .200
All
14
Maintaining Your GC
273
14 Maintaining the FPD
Exploded Parts View of the FPD
Vent tube assembly
Single wavelength FPD
cover
Dual FPD cover
Ignitor replacement kit
O-ring (Kalrez)
Filter
Spacer (for sulfur filter)
Spacer
Glow plug
PMT assembly
Collar
Screw
Ignitor cable assembly
Adapter ferrule
Capillary adapter
Adapter nut
Capillary column nut
Packed column adapter
274
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the FPD
14
To Install a Capillary Column Adapter in the FPD
1 Gather the following:
• FPD capillary column adapter (See “Consumables and
Parts for the FPD” on page 272.)
• Column cutter
• 1/4- inch wrench
• 9/16- inch wrench
• Metric ruler
• 1/8- inch nut
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or detector may be hot enough to cause
burns. If the detector is hot, wear gloves to protect your hands.
WA R N I N G
Wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from flying particles
while handling, cutting, or installing glass or fused silica capillary
columns. Use care in handling these columns to prevent puncture
wounds.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
3 Insert the capillary adapter into the 1/8- inch nut as
shown, then thread the nut onto the detector fitting.
Maintaining Your GC
275
14 Maintaining the FPD
FPD fitting
Capillary adapter
1/8-inch nut
4 Finger- tighten the nut, then tighten an additional 1/8 turn
with a wrench.
276
Maintaining Your GC
14
Maintaining the FPD
To Attach a Capillary Column to the FPD
1 Gather the following:
• Column measuring tool (See “Consumables and Parts
for the FPD” on page 272.)
• Column cutter
• 1/4- inch and 7/16- inch wrenches
• Column nut
• Ferrule
• Capillary column
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The oven and/or detector may be hot enough to cause
burns. If the detector is hot, wear gloves to protect your hands.
WA R N I N G
Wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from flying particles
while handling, cutting, or installing glass or fused silica capillary
columns. Use care in handling these columns to prevent puncture
wounds.
CAUTION
Wear clean, lint-free gloves to prevent contamination of parts with
dirt and skin oils.
3 Assemble a septum, column nut, and ferrule on the end
of the column.
4 Insert the end of the column through the column
measuring tool so that the end protrudes beyond the tool.
Maintaining Your GC
277
14 Maintaining the FPD
Score column here
Column measuring tool
Ferrule
145 mm
Column nut
5 Tighten the column nut until it grips the column. Tighten
the nut an additional 1/8 to 1/4 turn with a pair of
wrenches. Snug the septum against the base of the
column nut.
6 Use a wafer cutter at 45° to score the column.
7 Snap off the column end. The column may protrude about
1 mm beyond the end of the tool. Inspect the end with a
magnifying loupe to make certain that there are no burrs
or jagged edges.
8 Remove the column, nut, and swaged ferrule from the
tool.
9 Wipe the column walls with a tissue dampened with
isopropanol to remove fingerprints and dust.
10 Verify that a capillary adapter is installed in the detector
fitting. (See “To Install a Capillary Column Adapter in the
FPD” on page 275.)
11 Carefully thread the swaged column up into the adapter.
Finger- tighten the column nut, then use a wrench to
tighten an additional 1/8 turn.
278
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the FPD
14
To Change the FPD Wavelength Filter
CAUTION
Do not touch the filter with your bare hands. For optimum
performance and to avoid scratches, use lint-free gloves for
assembling and inserting the filter into the assembly.
1 Gather the following:
• Sulfur filter with filter spacer (See “Consumables and
Parts for the FPD” on page 272.)
• Phosphorus filter
• Cotton swab
• Lens tissue
• Lint- free gloves
2 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
3 Turn off the photomultiplier tube (PMT).
a Select [Front Det] or [Back Det].
b Scroll to PMT voltage.
c Press Off.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The detector may be hot enough to cause burns. If the
detector is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your hands.
CAUTION
The photomultiplier tube (PMT) is extremely sensitive to light.
Always turn off the electrometer (which turns off the high voltage to
the PMT) before removing the PMT housing or opening the
emissions chamber. Failing to do this can destroy the PMT.
Even with the electrometer off, protect the PMT from room light.
Cap the housing after it is removed, place it end down to exclude
light, or reduce the room light level before exposing the PMT. A brief
exposure (always with the electrometer turned off) will not damage
it, but prolonged exposure will cause a gradual loss of sensitivity.
Maintaining Your GC
279
14 Maintaining the FPD
4 Disconnect the retaining spring that holds the PMT
assembly to the bracket. With a rotating motion, pull the
assembly away from the filter housing.
5 To prevent light from damaging the PMT, cap the end or
place it face down.
6 Place a clean cloth under the filter housing to catch the
filter.
• For phosphorus filter, use the sharpened wooden tip of
a toothpick or cotton swab to dislodge the filter from
the housing.
• For sulfur filter (shown below), use the wooden tip of
the cotton swab to remove the filter spacer. Then
dislodge the filter from the housing.
280
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the FPD
14
Sulfur filter
Filter spacer
CAUTION
Do not use cleaning fluids. Cleaning fluids will damage lens
coatings.
7 Clean the new filter with lens tissue.
CAUTION
Filters are designed for the light of the flame to pass through in a
specific direction. The triangle (on the edge of the phosphorus filter)
and the arrow (on the edge of the sulfur filter) should face away
from the flame and toward the PMT.
8 Install the filter in the filter housing. Install the sulfur
filter spacer, if necessary.
9 Replace the PMT assembly and secure with the spring.
10 Restore the analytical method.
Maintaining Your GC
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14 Maintaining the FPD
To Remove the FPD Vent Tube
1 Gather the following:
• T- 20 Torx screwdriver
• 9/16- inch wrench
2 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
CAUTION
When turning off the GC, first turn off the flame to prevent
condensation from dripping into the jet and column.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The detector may be hot enough to cause burns. If the
detector is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your hands.
3 Drain any water from the flexible vent tubing and
discard.
4 Open the FPD cover.
5 Remove the flexible tubing from the FPD vent tube.
6 Loosen and remove the vent tube assembly with a
wrench.
7 Remove the screws securing the FPD cover.
• The single- wavelength detector has two screws at the
bottom of the left side (top photo below) and two
screws at the top of the right side (bottom photo
below).
• The dual- wavelength detector has two screws at the
top of the right side (bottom photo below).
282
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the FPD
14
8 Lift the cover off the detector.
Maintaining Your GC
283
14 Maintaining the FPD
To Replace the FPD Ignitor
1 Gather the following:
• Ignitor replacement kit. (See “Consumables and Parts
for the FPD” on page 272.)
• Torx screwdrivers, T- 20 and T- 10
• 9/16- inch wrench
• Tweezers
2 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
WA R N I N G
Be careful! The detector may be hot enough to cause burns. If the
detector is hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your hands.
3 Remove the vent tube assembly and cover. (See “To
Remove the FPD Vent Tube” on page 282.)
4 Loosen the collar screw (some have two screws) holding
the cable assembly to the ignitor. Remove the collar and
cable assembly.
5 Use a wrench to loosen and remove the glow plug.
284
Maintaining Your GC
14
Maintaining the FPD
6 Remove the O- ring with tweezers.
7 Assemble the parts for the new ignitor.
Glow plug
Spacer
O-ring
8 Install the new ignitor assembly and tighten with a
wrench. Do not overtighten.
9 Replace the ignitor collar and cable assembly and tighten
the screw.
10 Replace the cover and the vent tube assembly. (See “To
Install the FPD Vent Tube and Cover” on page 286.)
11 Restore the analytical method.
12 Wait 20 minutes for the detector to heat up, then ignite
the flame.
Maintaining Your GC
285
14 Maintaining the FPD
To Install the FPD Vent Tube and Cover
1 Gather the following:
• T- 20 Torx screwdriver
• 9/16- inch wrench
2 Install the cover.
Single- wavelength detector:
a Start the two screws on the right side of the cover.
b Start and tighten the screws at the base on the left
side.
c Tighten the screws on the right side.
Dual- wavelength detector: Install the cover (two screws).
3 Install the vent tube assembly.
4 Reconnect the flexible tubing to the vent tube assembly
and route the open end to waste.
5 Close the FPD cover.
286
Maintaining Your GC
Agilent 7890AGas Chromatograph
Maintaining Your GC
15
Maintaining the Aux EPC
Consumables and Parts for the Aux EPC 288
Installing or Replacing Frits in the Aux EPC 289
Agilent Technologies
287
15 Maintaining the Aux EPC
Consumables and Parts for the Aux EPC
See the Agilent catalog for consumables and supplies for a
more complete listing, or visit the Agilent Web site for the latest
information (www.agilent.com/chem/supplies).
Table 44
288
Aux EPC consumables
Description
Part number
O-rings, package of 6
5181-3344
Blue dot frit, high flow resistance
G3430-80063
Red dot frit, medium flow resistance
G3430-80062
Brown dot frit, low flow resistance
G3430-80061
No frit (brass tube), zero flow resistance
G3430-20011
Maintaining Your GC
15
Maintaining the Aux EPC
Installing or Replacing Frits in the Aux EPC
To install or replace a frit in the Aux EPC block:
1 Gather the following:
• T- 10 Torx screwdriver
• Appropriate O- ring and frit
• Tweezers
2 Turn off the gas supply to the channel.
3 Select the appropriate frit. For information on selecting
auxiliary channel frits, refer to the 7890A Advanced User
Guide.
4 Loosen the captured screw for the channel that you want
to change.
5 Lift up the pneumatic tubing block. Remove the frit and
O- ring using the tweezers. Be careful to avoid scratching
the metal surfaces.
6 Place a new O- ring on the new frit and press it down
into the block.
7 Place the pneumatic tubing block on the new frit and
tighten the captured screw firmly.
8 Restore the gas supply.
Maintaining Your GC
289
15 Maintaining the Aux EPC
WA R N I N G
When hydrogen is used, dangerously high flows are possible if
insufficient flow resistance is provided downstream of the supply
tube. Always use either the High (Blue dot) or Medium (Red dot)
frit with hydrogen.
After installing or replacing a frit, be sure to update the
PIDs used with your Aux EPC. For more information, refer
to the 7890A Advanced User Guide.
290
Maintaining Your GC
Agilent 7890A Gas Chromatograph
Maintaining Your GC
16
Maintaining the PCM
Consumables and Parts for the PCM 292
Calibrating the PCM Interface 293
Installing or Replacing Frits in the PCM 294
Agilent Technologies
291
16 Maintaining the PCM
Consumables and Parts for the PCM
See the Agilent catalog for consumables and supplies for a
more complete listing, or visit the Agilent Web site for the latest
information (www.agilent.com/chem/supplies).
Table 45
292
PCM consumables
Description
Part number
O-rings, package of 12
5180-4181
Proportional valve, Carrier
G3430-67013
Proportional valve, AUX
G3430-67016
Maintaining Your GC
16
Maintaining the PCM
Calibrating the PCM Interface
The interface's flow module contains a pressure sensor that
must be zeroed after it is installed on the GC. Calibration
ensures an accurate interface pressure display.
Do not connect the carrier gas to the flow module until you
have zeroed the interface's pressure sensor. For more
information on zeroing the pressure sensor, refer to the
7890A Advanced User Guide.
1 If the gas supply is connected to the GC, turn off the
supply at the source, then disconnect the supply line from
the PCM inlet fitting.
2 Turn on the GC and wait 15 minutes to allow it to reach
thermal equilibrium.
3 When the GC has reached thermal equilibrium, press
[Options], scroll to Calibration and press [Enter].
4 Scroll to the module to be zeroed and press [Enter].
5 Scroll to a zero line and press [Info]. The GC will remind
you of the conditions necessary for zeroing that specific
sensor.
Flow sensors. Verify that the gas is connected and flowing
(turned on).
Pressure sensors. Disconnect the gas supply line at the
back of the GC. Turning it off is not adequate; the valve
may leak.
6 Press [On/Yes] to zero or [Clear] to cancel.
7 Turn off the GC.
8 Plumb the carrier gas to the flow module.
9 Turn on the GC.
If you were calibrating the flow sensor after replacing the
PCM, check for leaks.
Maintaining Your GC
293
16 Maintaining the PCM
Installing or Replacing Frits in the PCM
To install or replace a frit:
1 Gather the following:
• O- rings, package of 12, 5180- 4181
• Restrictor
• Tweezers
2 Turn off the gas supply to the channel.
3 Select the appropriate frit. For information on selecting
PCM channel frits, refer to the 7890A Advanced User
Guide.
4 Remove the screw holding the tubing block with the
output tubing.
5 Remove the tubing block. Remove the frit and O- ring
using the tweezers. Be careful to avoid scratching the
metal surfaces.
6 Remove the other O- ring as well. Replace it with a new
O- ring.
294
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining the PCM
16
7 Place a new O- ring on the new frit and press it down
into the block.
8 Place the block on the module and tighten the screw
firmly.
9 Restore the gas supply.
WA R N I N G
When hydrogen is used, dangerously high flows are possible if
insufficient flow resistance is provided downstream of the supply
tube. Always use either the High (Blue dot) or Medium (Red dot)
frit with hydrogen.
After installing or replacing a frit, be sure to update the
PIDs used with your PCM. For more information, refer to the
7890A Advanced User Guide.
Maintaining Your GC
295
16 Maintaining the PCM
296
Maintaining Your GC
Agilent 7890A Gas Chromatograph
Maintaining Your GC
17
Maintaining a Valve
Consumables and Parts for Valves 298
Exploded Parts View of GC Rotary Valves 299
To Replace a Gas Sampling Valve Loop 300
To Align a Rotary Valve Rotor 302
To Replace a Rotary Valve in the Valve Box 303
To Remove the Upper Valve Box 306
To Install the Upper Valve Box 308
Agilent Technologies
297
17 Maintaining a Valve
Consumables and Parts for Valves
See the Agilent catalog for consumables and supplies for a
more complete listing, or visit the Agilent Web site for the
latest information (www.agilent.com/chem/supplies).
Table 46
Valve supplies
Description
Part number
Valves, gas sampling
6-port, 300 psi
0101-0584
6-port, 400 psi, 225 °C maximum temperature
5062-9508
6-port, 300 °C maximum temperature
0101-0460
6-port Hastelloy, 400 psi, 225 °C maximum temperature
5062-9509
10-port, 400 psi, 225 °C maximum temperature
5062-9510
10-port Nitronic 60, 300 psi, 350 °C maximum temperature
0101-0585
10-port Hastelloy, 400 psi, 225 °C maximum temperature
5062-9511
Valves, liquid sampling
0.2-µL, 1000 psi, stainless steel, 175 °C maximum temperature
0101-0636
0.5-µL, 5000 psi, 175 °C maximum temperature
0101-0639
0.5-µL, 1000 psi, stainless steel, 175 °C maximum temperature
0101-0637
1.0-µL, 1000 psi, stainless steel, 175 °C maximum temperature
0101-0638
Gas sampling valve sample loops
298
0.25-cc
0101-0303
0.50-cc
0101-0282
1.00-cc
0101-0299
2.00-cc
0101-0300
2.0-mL nickel loop, 1/16-inch
0101-0955
5.00-cc
0101-0301
10.00-cc
0101-0302
Ferrule, 1/16 inch stainless steel (10/pk)
5181-1291
Nut, 1/16 inch (10/pk)
5181-1292
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining a Valve
17
Exploded Parts View of GC Rotary Valves
Valve actuator
Upper valve box assembly
Valve body
Rotor index pin
Valve rotor
Preload assembly
Maintaining Your GC
299
17 Maintaining a Valve
To Replace a Gas Sampling Valve Loop
1 Gather the following:
• Replacement sample loop. (See “Consumables and Parts
for Valves” on page 298.)
• 1/4- inch wrench
• Vacuum cleaner
2 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
3 Turn off the detector.
WA R N I N G
The oven, inlet, detector, and valve box may be very hot.
Sample and/or harmful gases may be present. Refer to your
company’s standard operating procedures for purging the
chemicals from the sample line.
4 Set all valve box valves to Off.
5 Leave on the GC and valve actuator air.
6 Turn off the carrier gas and sample line flows and relieve
any back pressure to the valve.
WA R N I N G
The valve box insulation is made of refractory ceramic fibers
(RCFs). To avoid inhaling RCF particles, we recommend these
safety procedures:
1. Ventilate your work area
2. Wear long sleeves, gloves, safety glasses, and a disposable
dust/mist respirator
3. Dispose of insulation in a sealed plastic bag
4. Vacuum any residual particles and discard
5. Wash your hands with mild soap and cold water after handling
RCFs.
7 Remove the upper valve box. (See “To Remove the Upper
Valve Box” on page 306.)
8 Vacuum any loose particulate insulation.
9 When the valve is cool, loosen the sample loop’s two
1/4- inch fittings on the valve head and remove the loop.
300
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining a Valve
17
10 Install the new sample loop.
11 Repressurize the sample loop and check for leaks.
12 Install the upper valve box. (See “To Install the Upper
Valve Box” on page 308.)
13 Restore the analytical method.
Maintaining Your GC
301
17 Maintaining a Valve
To Align a Rotary Valve Rotor
1 Gather the following:
• Flathead screwdriver
• 3- mm hex key wrench
• T- 20 Torx screwdriver
2 Set the oven and valve box heated zones to a safe
handling temperature (25 °C).
3 Set all valves to Off.
WA R N I N G
The oven, inlet, detector, and valve box may be very hot. If they are
hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your hands.
4 Loosen the adjustment set screw.
Rotor adjustment
slotted shaft
Adjustment set screw
5 Locate the rotor adjustment shaft on top of the actuator.
Using a flathead screwdriver, rotate the valve rotor
counterclockwise until it stops, then back it off a small
amount to set one end of the rotor’s motion (< 1 mm).
6 Tighten the adjustment set screw.
7 Turn the valve On, turn Off to check for smooth operation.
8 Restore the analytical method.
302
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining a Valve
17
To Replace a Rotary Valve in the Valve Box
WA R N I N G
Do not install a liquid sampling valve (LSV) in the valve box if you
plan to heat the box above 75 °C. Heating an LSV over 75 °C can
cause a leak and subsequent explosion. LSVs should be mounted
in the side location to avoid potential explosions.
1 Gather the following:
• Replacement valve (See “Consumables and Parts for
Valves” on page 298.)
• T- 10 Torx screwdriver
• 1/4- inch wrench
• Needle- nosed pliers
• Vacuum
2 Load the GC maintenance method and wait for the GC to
become ready.
WA R N I N G
The oven, inlet, detector, and valve box may be very hot.
Sample and/or harmful gases may be present. Refer to your
company’s standard operating procedures for purging the
chemicals from the sample line.
3 Set all valves to Off.
4 Leave on the GC and valve actuator air.
5 Turn off the carrier gas and sample line flows and relieve
any back pressure to the valve.
Maintaining Your GC
303
17 Maintaining a Valve
WA R N I N G
The valve box insulation is made of refractory ceramic fibers
(RCFs). To avoid inhaling RCF particles, we recommend these
safety procedures:
1. Ventilate your work area
2. Wear long sleeves, gloves, safety glasses, and a disposable
dust/mist respirator
3. Dispose of insulation in a sealed plastic bag
4. Vacuum any residual particles and discard
5. Wash your hands with mild soap and cold water after handling
RCFs.
6 Remove the upper valve box. (See “To Remove the Upper
Valve Box” on page 306.) Vacuum any RCF insulation
particulates from the valve box area.
7 Note the tubing connections to the existing valve and
label if desired.
8 Disconnect the existing valve fittings.
9 Remove the two T- 10 Torx screws attaching the valve to
the valve box, then remove the valve from the valve box.
10 Place the new valve in the valve box. The gap in the
index ring on top of a 6- port valve points toward the
back of the GC if installed correctly. This is the On
position. Install and tighten the two screws with a
screwdriver.
11 Use needle- nosed pliers to move the valve rotor index pin
of the valve counterclockwise until the pin touches the
valve stop Off position.
304
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining a Valve
17
Valve rotor index pin
Valve stop Off position
12 Plumb the new valve using the existing fittings.
WA R N I N G
Hazardous sample gases may be present.
4. Column
5. Carrier gas in
2. Sample out
1. Sample in
13 Turn on the carrier and sample gases, then check for
leaks at the valve fittings.
• Using the needle- nosed pliers to toggle the valve, check
both the On and Off positions.
• When leak free, set the valve to Off (see step 11).
14 Install the upper valve box assembly. (See “To Install the
Upper Valve Box” on page 308.)
15 Restore the analytical method.
Maintaining Your GC
305
17 Maintaining a Valve
To Remove the Upper Valve Box
1 Gather a T- 20 Torx screwdriver.
2 Set the valve box to a safe handling temperature (25 °C),
or load the GC maintenance method.
WA R N I N G
The oven, inlet, detector, and valve box may be very hot. If they are
hot, wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your hands.
3 Lift and remove the detector cover.
4 Remove the mounting screws from the upper valve box.
5 Lift up and set aside.
306
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining a Valve
WA R N I N G
17
The valve box insulation is made of refractory ceramic fibers
(RCFs). To avoid inhaling RCF particles, we recommend these
safety procedures:
1. Ventilate your work area
2. Wear long sleeves, gloves, safety glasses, and a disposable
dust/mist respirator
3. Dispose of insulation in a sealed plastic bag
4. Vacuum any residual particles and discard
5. Wash your hands with mild soap and cold water after handling
RCFs.
Maintaining Your GC
307
17 Maintaining a Valve
To Install the Upper Valve Box
1 Gather the following:
• T- 20 Torx screwdriver
• 3- mm hex key wrench
• Flathead screwdriver
2 Verify that all valve rotors are in the full counterclockwise
position (valve Off).
3 For each actuator that mates with a newly installed valve:
a Loosen the adjustment set screw.
Rotor adjustment
slotted shaft
Adjustment set screw
b Locate the rotor adjustment shaft on top of the
actuator. Use a screwdriver to rotate the valve rotor
counterclockwise until it stops.
Rotor adjustment shaft
4 Locate the two half- moon cutouts at the bottom back of
the upper valve box. Place the upper valve box on top of
the lower valve assembly, routing the heater/sensor wires
through the cutouts. Secure with two T- 20 mounting
screws.
5 Push each coupling/shaft assembly downward with a
flathead screwdriver until the slot on the coupling
engages the rotor index pin.
If the coupling and valve do not engage, check that both
are fully counterclockwise and try again. If necessary,
turn the shaft slightly to engage the coupling.
308
Maintaining Your GC
Maintaining a Valve
17
6 For each newly installed valve:
a Using a flathead screwdriver, turn the rotor adjustment
shaft counterclockwise until it stops, then back it off a
small amount (< 1 mm) to set one end of the rotor’s
motion.
b Tighten the adjustment set screw.
7 Install the detector cover.
8 Restore normal operating condition.
Maintaining Your GC
309
17 Maintaining a Valve
310
Maintaining Your GC
Agilent 7890A Gas Chromatograph
Maintaining Your GC
A
Swagelok Connections
Making Swagelok Connections 312
Using a Swagelok Tee 316
The gas supply tubing is attached with Swagelok fittings. If
you are not familiar with Swagelok connections, review the
following procedures.
Agilent Technologies
311
18 Swagelok Connections
Making Swagelok Connections
Objective
To make a tubing connection that does not leak and that can
be taken apart without damaging the fitting
Materials needed:
• 1/8- inch (or 1/4- inch, if used) preconditioned copper
tubing
• 1/8- inch (or 1/4- inch, if used) Swagelok nuts
• Front and back ferrules
• Two 7/16- inch (for 1/8- inch nuts) or 9/16- inch (for
1/4- inch nuts) wrenches
1 Place a Swagelok nut, back ferrule, and front ferrule to
the tubing as shown in Figure 7.
Front ferrule
Back ferrule
IMPORTANT!
The narrow end of the back
ferrule fits into the rear of
the front ferrule.
Nut
Tubing
Figure 7
Swagelok nuts and ferrules
2 Clamp a stainless steel plug or similar fitting in a bench
vise.
CAUTION
Do not
Use a separate stainless steel fitting in a vise for initial tightening of
the nut. Do not use an inlet or detector fitting. Strong forces are
required to properly set the ferrules, and damage to an inlet or
detector fitting is very costly to repair.
3 Push the tubing into the stainless steel plug (Figure 8).
4 Make sure that the front ferrule is touching the plug.
Slide the Swagelok nut over the ferrule and thread it onto
the plug.
312
Maintaining Your GC
Swagelok Connections
18
Nut and ferrules
Plug or fitting
held in a vise
Figure 8
Tubing
Assembling the fitting
5 Push the tube fully into the plug, then withdraw it
approximately 1 to 2 mm (Figure 9).
Nut
Front
ferrule
Insert tubing fully
Back
ferrule
Withdraw tubing 1—2 mm
Tighten nut
Figure 9
Insert the tubing
6 Finger- tighten the nut.
7 Mark the nut with a pencil line (Figure 10).
Maintaining Your GC
313
18 Swagelok Connections
Pencil line
Figure 10 Marking the fitting
8 For 1/8- inch Swagelok fittings, use a pair of 7/16- inch
wrenches to tighten the fitting 3/4 of a turn (Figure 11).
For 1/4- inch fittings, use a pair of 9/16- inch wrenches
to tighten them 1- 1/4 turn (Figure 11).
Figure 11 Final tightening
9 Remove the plug from the fitting. To connect the tubing,
with nut and ferrules, to another fitting, finger- tighten the
nut, then use a wrench to tighten it 3/4 (1/8- inch fittings)
or 1- 1/4 (1/4- inch fittings) of a turn.
10 Both correctly- and incorrectly- swaged connections are
shown in Figure 12. Note that the end of the tubing in a
correctly- swaged fitting is not crushed and does not
interfere with the action of the ferrules.
314
Maintaining Your GC
Swagelok Connections
18
Figure 12 Completed fitting
Maintaining Your GC
315
18 Swagelok Connections
Using a Swagelok Tee
To supply gas from a single source to more than one input,
use a Swagelok Tee.
NOTE
Do not combine valve actuator air with flame ionization air. The valve
action will cause major upsets in the detector signal.
Materials needed:
• 1/8- inch preconditioned copper tubing
• Tubing cutter
• 1/8- inch Swagelok nuts and front and back ferrules
• 1/8- inch Swagelok Tee
• Two 7/16- inch wrenches
• 1/8- inch Swagelok cap (optional)
1 Cut the tubing where you want to install the Tee. Connect
the tubing and Tee with a Swagelok fitting. See Figure 13.
Cap
Tee fitting
Nut and ferrules
Figure 13 Swagelok tee
2 Measure the distance from the Tee to the GC inlets.
Attach copper tubing to the open Tee ends with Swagelok
fittings.
316
Maintaining Your GC
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