ISF2 Switch
Power supply to electric furnaces
ISF2 : Switch/circuit-breaker
for the control of
heavy duty furnaces
■ Merlin Gerin ■ Square D ■ Telemecanique
Description
The ideal technology for electric furnace
control
Safety
The SF6 breaking technique is especially well suited to making and breaking furnace
currents while avoiding any overvoltages likely to damage equipment on the furnace
supply line.
The ratings, rated current breaking under rated voltage, are held at 0 relative bars.
Each pole-unit, filled to a pressure of 0.15 MPa (i.e. 1.5 relative bars), is fitted with a
safety disk and diagnostic system for continuous monitoring of the SF6 pressure.
Durability suitable for heavy duty
The mechanical durability of the ISF2 is 50,000 mechanical switching operations
with maintenance every 10,000 operations.
Reliability
The mechanical operating mechanism, based on energy storing springs, is a key
feature of the device’s reliability: Schneider has 25 years of experience in these
types of mechanism.
Because Schneider fully masters the design and monitoring of sealing systems,
the device will give you lasting performances throughout its service life.
ISF2
Application
The ISF2 is a three-phase switch/circuit-breaker for
indoor use based on SF6 technology.
It carries out control of electric furnaces up to 40.5 kV
and complies with IEC standard publications 56 and
694.
Environmentally friendly
The ISF2 furnace switch has been designed for environmental protection:
c the materials used, insulators and conductors, are identified, easy to separate
and recyclable,
c the SF6 can be recovered at the end of the device service life and reused after
being treated.
Quality
Each switch undergoes systematic routine tests for checking quality and conformity:
c pole-unit sealing tested,
c correct mechanical operation of the device tested together with associated locking
systems,
c simultaneous contact closing tested,
c power frequency insulation level tested,
c main circuit resistance tested,
c auxiliary circuit insulation tested,
c switching operation speed tested,
c switching cycle tested,
c switching operation times tested.
The results obtained are recorded on each device’s test certificate.
The entire switch creation and manufacturing process is quality controlled in
compliance with the French association for quality assurance (AFAQ): ISO 9002
certification. The ISF2 switch has passed type tests in compliance with IEC 56 and
265 standards.
2
ISF2 switch/circuit-breaker
Device description
The ISF2 is a disconnectable fixed device made up of:
c 3 separate pole-units, each being built into a “sealed pressure system” type
insulating enclosure; each pole-unit is filled with SF6 at low pressure (0.15 MPa,
i.e. 1.5 bars),
c a Gmh type spring stored energy operating mechanism,
c a front panel with the manual operating mechanism and position indicators,
c upstream and downstream terminals for power circuit connection,
c a multipin socket for auxiliary circuit connection,
c un dispositif d’auto-diagnostic, pour le contrôle permanent du gaz SF6 sur chacun
des 3 pôles, équipé de :
v 1 “low threshold” contact, for possible pressure drop indication,
v 1 “high threshold” contact, for indication of a rise in pressure due to abnormal
overheating of the pole-unit or the arcing contact wear limit being reached.
a
Principle of the breaking technique
auto-compression
This breaking technique has been widely tried and tested and produces high
performances.
The arc is blown and thus extinguished by forced convection.
b
Fig 1: The circuit-breaker is closed.
Fig 2: When the main contacts open (a), the current is sent into the breaking circuit (b).
Fig 1
Fig 2
Fig 3: When the arcing contacts separate an electric arc appears: this is controlled
by the insulating nozzle; a piston (c) attached to the moving contact moves
downwards and compresses the gas in (d); the gas then escapes via the holes in the
piston into the tubular arcing contact zone, cools down and deionizes the electric arc
zone, thus extinguishing the arc when the current reaches 0 point.
Fig 4: The circuit-breaker is open.
Ratings
c
d
Fig 3
Fig 4
CEI 56
rated voltage
insulation level
rated current
Isc breaking capacity
making capacity
allowable short time
with stand current
rated switching cycle
operating time
electrical durability
kV, 50/60 Hz
r.m.s. kV, 50 Hz - 1 mn
kV, 1.2/50 µs impulse
A
r.m.s. kA
peak kA
r.m.s. kA, 3 s
peak kA
O - 3 mn - CO - 3 mn - CO
ms
opening
breaking
closing
number
time
total
24
50
125
2500
31.5
79
31.5
79
c
45 to 65
60 to 80
70 to 90
10
see curve p.5
40.5(1)
85
185(1)
2500
25
62.5
25
62.5
c
45 to 65
60 to 80
70 to 90
10
see curve p.5
(1) For voltage of 36 to 40.5 kV, suitable inter-phase barriers supplied with the device must be
installed by the contractor.
ISF2 switch/circuit-breaker
3
Application example
Simplified diagram
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
HV circuit-breaker
HV/MV step-down transformer
Power factor correction device
Protective circuit-breaker
Earthing switch
Isolation switch
ISF2 for furnace control
Voltage transformer
Current transformer
Surge arrester
RC circuit
Furnace MV/LV transformer
Furnace electrodes
HV MV
1
2
10 MV LV
4
3
6
5
7
8
9
5
12
11
13
Schneider offers complete solutions for the power supply to your furnaces:
consult us.
ISF2 mounting in a cubicle
8
7
4
9
ISF2 switch/circuit-breaker
Maintenance
Life expectancy of pole-units
cycles
50000
The stress that the device has to withstand is variable depending on the type of
installation and the operating rules. The life expectancy of the poles is essentially
proportional:
c to the number of load current making and breaking cycles,
c to the value of the furnace supply transformer rated current.
40000
30000
Example: for an arc furnace fed by a 100 MVA transformer at 30 kV (or 67 MVA
at 20 kV) with a load cycle of 2000 A, the life expectancy of an ISF2 is 28,000
CO cycles (or 50,000 CO cycles when the set of pole-units is replaced).
20000
Electrical durability
10000
I (A)
0
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
Fig 1 - Life expectancy of a set of pole-units (number of
CO cycles) depending on the furnace load current I.
This depends on:
c the furnace load current,
c the circuit configuration when the device switches:
v opening
v closing
c the rating of the furnace transformer and in particular of the inrush current during
no-load energization,
c the elements inserted in the furnace supply line, saturable reactor, non-saturable
reactor, etc.
The electrical durability can be estimated using the graph in figure 1 based on the
following operating hypotheses:
1- Protection of overload currents above 2 In is carried out by the circuit-breaker
located upstream.
2 - Switching operations are carried out with the electrodes out of the bath.
3 - The no-load inrush current of the furnace transformers is below 4 In.
Maintenance
SF6 breaking devices do not generally require special maintenance.
However, since the furnace operating mechanism undergoes heavy stress, it is
advisable to carry out basic maintenace involving the following operations:
c depending on the ambient environment, clean the surface of the insulating
enclosures;
c every 10,000 switching operations:
v measure the wear on the arcing contacts without removing the pole-units during
inspection and maintenance operations (the auto-diagnostic system monitors wear
on the pole-units throughout the device service life);
v clean the operating mechanism, grease it and check the nuts and bolts.
ISF2 switch/circuit-breaker
5
Gmh stored energy operating mechanism
Operating mechanism
The ISF2 is fitted with a Gmh type operating mechanism based on stored energy
which gives the device a closing and opening speed which is not dependent on the
operator.
The GMh operating mechanism is made up of:
c a stored energy mechanism which stores the energy required for device closing
and then opening in springs;
c a manual charging mechanism using a removable lever;
c an electrical charging mechanism with a motor which automatically recharges the
operating mechanism as soon as the device is closed;
c a mechanical “opening-closing” mechanism actuated by 2 pushbuttons located on
the front panel;
c an electrical “closing” mechanism including:
v 1 closing release for remote control,
v 1 anti-pumping relay;
c an electrical “opening”system, including 1 shunt opening release; an optional
undervoltage release can be added to this device;
c a mechanical position indicator with “white-black” or “red-green” mechanical
indicators;
c a switching operations counter.
c A 14 strong auxiliary contact block including:
v 2 contacts for the electrical operating mechanism,
v 1 contact for the shunt release,
v 11 available contacts;
c 1 closing contact for “operating mechanism charged” indication;
c 1 “open” position key-lock support (lock supplied);
c a multipin connector (male and female) with 36 pins and a 2 metre lead.
Gmh operating mechanism
Operating mechanism low voltage auxiliaries
supply voltages
AC (V)
50 HZ
AC (V)
60 HZ
DC (V)(2)
consumption
AC
DC
Auxiliary contacts
rated current
breaking capacity
CA
CC
charging motor
M
closing release(1)
YF
opening release
YO1, YO2
50 - 110 - 127 - 220
50 - 110 - 127 - 220
50 - 110 - 127 - 220
120 - 240
120 - 240
120 - 240
24 - 48 - 60 - 110 - 127 - 230
24 - 48 - 60 - 110 - 127 - 230
24 - 48 - 60 - 110 - 127 - 230
700 VA
570 W
120 VA
70 W
120 VA
70 W
YM
100 VA
10 W
10 A
10 A at 220 V (cos ϕ <i 0.3)
3 A at 110 ou 220 V (L/R <i 0.01 s)
(1) With anti-pumping relay.
(2) For other values, please consult us.
6
ISF2 switch/circuit-breaker
Operating mechanism wiring diagram
J
KN
M
M1-M2
M3
QF
SE
Sm1
Sm2-Sm4
Circuit-breaker.
Anti-pumping relay.
Charging motor.
End-of-charging limit switches.
“Operating mechanism charged” contact.
Circuit-breaker auxiliary contacts.
Trip hold contact.
Closing pushbutton (external).
Opening pushbuton for shunt
release(external).
Opening pushbutton for undervoltage
release (external).
Closing disable contact (external).
Pressure switch contacts.
Closing release.
Shunt opening release.
Undervoltage release.
Sm3
Sn
SP1-SP2
YF
Y01-Y02
YM
Sm2
Sm1
Sn
Sm4
Sm3
M1
M
QF
J
M1
M2 KN
SE
Y01
M3
Y02
SP1
SP2
YM
YF
Dimensions and weights
Connection pad:
690
910
78
300
736
190
300
300
2 Ø 14
d
30
30
20
Ø 60
c
1060
1108
630
e
b
a:
b:
c:
d:
e:
35
1010
a
322
644
fixing lugs supplied on the frame are used to anchor the device to the ground;
the device is fitted with rollers to facilitate handling and installation;
multipin connector;
inter-phase barriers delivered with the 40.5 kV version;
removable charging lever.
Approximate weight: 194 kg
ISF2 switch/circuit-breaker
7
A few furnace switch references
c Cockerill Sambre - 156 MVA - Belgium
c Baotou - 150 MVA - China
c Betasteel - 100 MVA - United States
c Ascometal - 90 MVA - France
c Usinor - 55 MVA - France
c Sollac - 85 MVA - France
c United Steel Mill - 85 MVA - Israel
c ILSA - 120 MVA - Mexico
c Taleras - 38 MVA - Mexico
c Aceros DMSA de CV - 35 MVA - Mexico
c Huta Batory - 156 MVA - Poland
c Yamato - 96 MVA - Thailand
Schneider Electric SA
Postal address
F-38050 Grenoble cedex 9
tel : +33 (0)4 76 57 60 60
telex : merge 320842 F
As standards, specifications and designs change from time to
time, please ask for confirmation of the information given in this
publication.
This document has been
printed on ecological paper.
Design and production: AXESS (07)
Printing:
AMTED397053EN
ISF2
switch/circuit-breaker
ART.78659
1
02 / 1998
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement