1932-A Distortion & Noise Meter, Manual

1932-A Distortion & Noise Meter, Manual
OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE
INSTRUCTIONS
for
TYPE 1932-A
DISTORTION AND NOISE
METER
GENERAL RADIO COMPANY
275
MASSACHUSETTS
CAMBRIDGE 39
AVENUE
MASSACHUSETTS
U.S.A.
SPECIFICATIONS
Distortion Range: Distortion is read directly from a large
meter. A multiplier allows full-scale deflections for 0.3%,
1%, 10% or 30% distortion.
Noise Measurement Range: The range for carrier noise
measurements extends to 80 db below 100% modulation,
when the distortion meter is operated from the TYPE 1931-A
Modulation Monitor, or 80 db below an audio-frequency
signal of zero dbm level.
Audio-Frequency Range: 50 to 15,000 cycles (fundamental) for distortion measurements; 30 to 45,000 cycles
for noise and hum measurements.
dbm Range: The power-level range is from + 20 to -60
dbm. Full scale values of +20, + 10, 0, -10, -20, -30,
and -40 dbm are provided. The scale is calibrated in terms
of a reference level of one milliwatt in 600 ohms.
Input Voltage Range: The input signal level should be
between 1.2 and 30 volts for the 100-kilohm input, and
between 0.8 and 30 volts for the 600-ohm bridging input.
Accuracy: For distortion measurements, ±5% of full
scale of each range + residual distortion as noted below;
for noise and dbm measurements, ±5% of full scale.
Input Impedance: Two input impedances are provided,
100,000 ohms unbalanced, and 600-ohm bridging input
(10,000 ohms), balanced or unbalanced.
Residual Distortion Level:
100-Kilohm Input: 0.05%, maximum,
0.10%, maximum,
Bridging Input:
0.10%, maximum,
70 cycles
0.05%, maximum,
7,500 cycles
0.10%, maximum,
below 7500 cycles
above 7500 cycles
between 50 and
between 70 and
above 7500 cycles
Residual Noise Level: Less than -80 db.
Meter: A large meter with an easily read, illuminated scale
is provided. Percentage, decibel and dbm calibrations are
included.
Vacuum Tubes:
4-type 6J5
1-type 6SN7-GT
1-type 6K6-GT
!-type 6H6
1-type 6X5-GT /G
2-type OD3/VR150
Accessories Supplied: Spare fuses and 7-foot connecting
cord.
Other Accessories Required: For measuring the distortion in oscillators and other andio-frequency sources, no
additional equipment is required. For measurements on
amplifiers, lines, and other communication networks, a lowdistortion oscillator is required to furnish the test tone .
TYPE 1301-A Low-Distortion Oscillator is recommended.
\Vhen the modulated output of a radio transmitter is to be
measured, a linear rectifier to produce the audio envelope is
necessary. The TYPE 1931-A Modulation Monitor is recommended for this purpose. However, any detector system
having an undistorted output of 1.5 volts rms can be used.
Terminals: Input terminals are provided at the rear of the
instrument for direct connection to the modulation monitor.
A Western Electric jack is provided at the panel also, as an
auxiliary input circuit. Plugging into this jack automatically
disconnects the rear connectors.
Power Supply: 105 to 125, or 210 to 250, volts, 50 to 60
cycles. The line input power is 60 watts. The power supply
is voltage regulated. Line surges will have no appreciable
effect.
Mounting: The instrument is relay rack mounted. Walnut
end frames are available to adapt the instrument for table
mounting.
Other Finishes: Standard General Radio black crackle.
Certain standard grays that can be processed in quantity
can be furnished at a slight increase in price.
Dimensions: Panel (length) 19 x (height) 7 inches; depth
behind panel, 12 inches.
Net Weight: 35Yz pounds.
OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE
INSTRUCTIONS
for
TYPE 1932-A
DISTORTION AND NOISE
METER
Form 648-H
January, 1957
GENERAL RADIO COMPANY
275
MASSACHUSETTS
CAMBRIDGE 39
Broad Avenue at Linden
Ridgefield, New Jersey
MASSACHUSETTS
8055 13th Street
Silver Spring, Maryland
920 South Michigan Avenue
Chicago 5, Illinois
Printe d in U.S.A.
AVENUE
1150 York Road
Abington, Pennsylvania
1000 North Seward Street
Los Angeles 38, California
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
INTRODUCTION
1
SECTION 1- INSTALLATION
1
1.1 Mounting
1
1.2 Ground
1
1.3 Power Supply Connections
1
1.4 Audio Input Connections
1
SECTION 2- OPERATION
2
2.1 Distortion Measurements
2
2.2 Noise Level Measurements
2
2.3 dbm Level Measurements
2
2.4 Measurements of the Modulation Characteristics of Radio-Telephone
Transmitters
2
SECTION 3- PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION
CHARACTERISTICS
AND
OPERATING
3
3.1 Distortion Measurements
3
3.2 Noise Measurements
4
3.3 dbm Measurements
4
SECTION 4- ADJUSTMENTS AND MAINTENANCE
4
4.1 Distortion Calibration
4
4.2 Calibration of dbm Level
5
4.3 Tube Replacements
5
4.4 Precautions .
5
SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE NOTES
6
VACUUM-TUBE DATA .
8
GENERAL RADIO COMPANY
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
FOR
TYPE 1932-A DISTORTION AND NOISE METER
The Type 1932-A Distortion and Noise Meter is a
device for measuring the total distortion and the level
of noise and hum in audio-frequency systems. It will
also indicate db level in a 600-ohm line for a reference
level of one milliwatt. When the instrument is used in
conjunction with a linear detector, such as is provided in
the Type 1931-A Amplitude-Modulation Monitor, the
distortion and noise characteristics of broadcast and other
radio-telephone transmitters can be measured.
A wide range of full-scale distortion values is provided,
and levels approaching 0.1% can be measured. The
range of noise-level measurement is from 0 to -80 db,
and of dbm measurement, from +20 to -DO dbm.
Either of two input impedances can be selected by a
panel switch: 100,000 ohms, unbalanced; or an impedance for bridging 600 ohms, balanced, or unbalanced.
SECTION 1.0
INSTALLATION
1.1 MOUNTING
1.3 POWER SUPPLY CONNECTIONS
The instrument is designed for relay rack mounting.
Walnut end frames• to adapt it for table mounting can
be purchased separately. When the distortion and noise
meter is to be used with the Type 1931-A Modulation
Monitor, mount the modulation monitor above the distortion meter and plug in the cable provided to interconnect the two instruments. See also Section 2.4, R-F
The instrument can be operated from any source of
115/230 volts, 50-60 cycle supply using the connector cord
provided. Internal voltage-regulator tubes will stabilize
the instrument against the effects of line-voltage variations between the limits of 105-125 volts (210-250 volts).
A split-primary winding on the power transformer provides for operating the instrument from a 230-volt line
by a simple tap-changing operation. As normally supplied, the instrument is wired for 115-volt operation. To
change to 230-volt operation, it is merely necessary to alter
the connections to transformer taps so that terminals No.
2 and No. 3 are connected together. (For 115 volts, connect No. 1 to No. 3, and No. 2 to No. 4.)
The line-voltage plate is reversible, for 115 or 230 volts,
and should agree with the transformer connections as
made. Change fuses as specified in Parts List.
1.2 GROUND
If the instrument is to be used in a standard relay rack,
make certain that the panel rear surface grounds securely
to the relay rack. The panel screws should be set up tight,
and it may be necessary to remove a portion of the paint
on the relay rack, to insure positive contact.
When the instrument is used with table-mounting end
frames, a ground wire should be connected to terminal
No. 12 of the rear multipoint connector.
1.4 AUDIO INPUT CONNECTIONS
See also Section 4.4, PRECAUTIONS.
A standard W. E. panel jack provides a convenient
means for making connection to the instrument from the
*Type ZFRI-412-P1, Price $16.50
1
GENERAL RADIO COMPANY
pedance of either 100,000 ohms or the 600-ohm bridging
impedance of approximately 10,000 ohms. The latter can
be operated balanced to ground, if desired, or with either
side connected to ground.
front panel. Plugging into this jack automatically disconnects a rear multipoint connector to which more
permanent connections. can be made. See wiring diagram.
An INPUT switch is located near the center of the
panel and provides a means of selecting an input im-
SECTION · 2.0
OPERATION
frequency is unstable, or affected by line voltage surges.
Use of a line-voltage regulator on the system under test
is recommended for such conditions. For normal conditions, it should not be necessary to provide an external
line-voJ.tage regulator for the Type 1932-A Distortion and
Noise Meter.
Several distortion measurements, at various frequencies,
may be made without the need for the calibration step
being repeated each time, provided the input signal is
kept at constant amplitude.
2.1 DISTORTION MEASUREMENTS
2.11
Te:;t Tone
An audio-frequency generator whose output is
practically free from distortion, noise, and hum
must be used to supply a signal to the device
under test. The General Radio Type 1301-A
Low-Distortion Oscillator, which has a total
distortion of 0.1 % or less, is recommended. It
supplies 27 fixed frequencies between 20 cps and
15,000 cps. Other oscillators can be used, notably
the Type 1304-A Beat-Frequency Oscillator,
whose output frequency is continuously variable.
When the distortion in the generator is appreciable, however, allowance must be made for
it when low values of distortion are being measured.
2.12
Input Impedance
Select desired input impedance by depressing
corresponding switch on panel.
2.13
Calibration
Depress both CAL switches and set meter to
CAL point by adjusting CAL control.
2.14
2.2 NOISE LEVEL MEASUREMENTS
The initial calibration procedure is the same as for distortion measurements (see paragraph 2.12). After calibration, turn off the signal at its source, depress the NOISE
switch, and increase the meter sensitivity by depressing
the panel switches until an indication is obtained on the
meter. The arithmetic sum of the meter reading in db
and the switch position in db is the average value of the
noise referred to the original signal level.
2.3 dbm LEVEL MEASUREMENTS
To measure the volume level in a 600-ohm line, the
METER READS switch is set to the dbm position,
which simultaneously depresses the 600-ohm Bridging
Input switch. The circuit .is internally calibrated to read
the volume level directly in dbm, ;md is independent of
all other panel controls. Thus it is possible to measure
quickly the dbm level at any time by merely depressing
the clbm switch and observing the meter reading in db,
plus the reading of the meter scale switch. The absolute
dbm level is the arithmetic sum of the meter reading
and the calibration, in db, on the meter scale switch.
MeaJ·urement Procedure
Depress the DIST sw itch, and set the main dial
and range switch to agree with the fundamental
frequency of the test signal. Tune the R and C
balance controls simultaneously for minimum
deflection on the meter. The meter scale switcn
should be changed as necessary to keep the deflection at a readable point on the scale.
The initial adjustments can be made quite rapidly. If
the signal under test is low in distortion, and the 0.3%
full-scale range of the meter is used, reasonable care will
be required to balance accurately the R and C controls
fo r an absolute minimum. The resulting indication is the
average distortion in per cent as read from the meter scale.
When operating on the 0.3% full-scale range, the meter
may tend to show erratic variations, if the source of signal
2.4 MEASUREMENTS OF THE MODULATION
CHARACTERISTICS OF RADIO-TELEPHONE
TRANSMITTERS
When the Type 1932-A Distortion and Noise Meter is
used in conjunction with the Type 1301-A Low-Distortion
2
GENERAL RADIO COMPANY
Oscillator and the Type 1931-A Modulation Monitor, the
complete audio-modulation characteristics of a transmitter
may be measured. The oscillator is used to apply a modulation of extremely low initial distortion to the transmitter. The modulation monitor provides a means of
measuring percentage modulation, and also has an internal linear-diode detector which may be used to supply an
undistorted signal to operate the Type 1932-A Distortion
and Noise Meter. Cables are provided for all necessary
interconnections at the rear of the instruments, and may
be left permanently connected. Convenient panel jacks
permit individual use of each instrument, by electrical
disconnection of the rear plugs when the panel plug is
inserted. See also "Operating Instructions for Type
1931-A Modulation Monitor", paragraphs 2.22-2.24.
Input Impedance
The 100-kO INPUT position should be used, when
checking distortion or noise-level of a transmitter, using
the Type 1931-A AMPLITUDE MODULATION
MONITOR, and Type 1932-A DISTORTION AND
NOISE METER. The removable push-button is
engraved with the word MONITOR, which further
identifies the correct setting of the INPUT switch. This
position only should be used when the two instruments
are used as a complete transmission-monitoring assembly.
When the Type 1932-A DISTORTION AND NOISE
METER is used alone, a blank button is provided.
2.41
SECTION 3.0
PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION AND OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS
3.1 DISTORTION MEASUREMENTS
The Type 1932-A Distortion and Noise Meter consists
essentially of a continuously variable null network, followed by a calibrated vacuum-tube voltmeter. Figure 1
shows the circuit in elementary form. The fundamental
frequency of the signal being measured is balanced out
by means of two panel controls; all other components remain and are passed on directly, and without attenuation, to the voltmeter. Thus, if the voltmeter is first set
to 100~~ with the entire signal voltage present, an arbitrary reference level is established. Upon switching in the
null network, to remove the fundamental frequency onl)(,
a second reading may be obtained on the voltmeter scale.
This second reading is composed of all distortion products present, plus extraneous noise and power-supply hum
frequencies. Since the ratio between the two readings may
be observed by means of the voltmeter attenuator, this
becomes a measure of the distortion, and/ or noise products, present in the signal, expressed as a percentage of
the total signal.
3.11
Range and Accuracy
Distortion is indicated directly on the meter,
which is provided with two scales calibrated in
per cent. Full-scale ranges of 100%, 30%, 10%,
3%, 1%, and 0.3% can be selected by pushbutton switches. Readings are accurate to -+- 5%
of full scale -+- the residual distortions noted
below.
3.12
Residual Distortion Level:
100-kO Input 0.05% maximum, below 7500
cps
0.10% maximum, above 7500
cps
Bridging Input 0.10% maximum, between 50
and 100 cps
0.05% maximum, between 100
and 7500 cps
0.10% maximum, above 7500
cps
NOISE
Figure I. Elementary schematic diagram of the Type 1932-A Distortion and Noise Meter. -
GENERAL RADIO COMPANY
3.13
3.14
3.15
Frequency
The frequency is continuously variable between
50 and 15,000 cps. The scale of the main frequency dial is accurate to -+-2%. The response is
flat, within -+-1 db, from the second harmonic of
the fundamental frequency up to 45,000 cps, and
from Yz the fundamental frequency down to
30 cycles, for the 100-kn input. With the 600ohm bridging input, the upper limit for -+-1 db
tolerance is 30,000 cps.
0
10
20
Input Level
The input signal level should be between 1.2 and
30 volts for the 100-kO input and between 0.8
and 30 volts for the bridging input. For higher
signal levels, an external attenuator should be
used.
60
/
0.1/
/
/
/
/
BANO WIDTH VS ATTEHUATDN
/
70
0.1
I
10
100
TOTAL IIANOWDTH IN CYCLES PER KII.DCYCLE
1000
Figure 2. Band width vs. attenuation for the fundamental
elimination circuit.
Meter Characteristics
The indicating meter circuit employs an average response type, diode vacuum-tube voltmeter.
3.3 dbm MEASUREMENTS
When the METER READS switch is set to the dbm
position, the meter indicates directly in dbm for a 600ohm line. The 600 bridging input position must be used,
but the line can be balanced or unbalanced.
The instrument is used in this position as a calibrated,
sensitive, vacuum-tube voltmeter. To determine the noise
level in a system, the sensitivity is set to give 100%, or
full-scale reading on the meter. If the audio signal is then
turned off, and the voltmeter sensitivity increasl!d until a
reading is again obtained on the meter scale, the ratio
between the two attenuator settings becomes a measure of
the signal-to-noise ratio, or noise level.
3.22
10
I.
3.2 NOISE MEASUREMENTS
3.21
-
Range and Accuracy
Noise levels between 0 and -80 db can be measured satisfactorily. With the 100-kn input, the
response is flat, within 1 db, between 30 and
45,000 cps; with the bridging input, between 30
and 30,000 cps.
3.31
Range
The calibration covers the range from +20 to
-60 dbm referred to a zero level of 1.0 milliwatt in 600 ohms. The db scale is used for dbm
measurements.
3.32
Meter Characteristic
The ballistic characteristics of the meter movement are the standard characteristics for volume-level indicators, i.e., the reading will reach
99 % of steady-state value in 0.3 second.
3.33
Frequency Characteristic
Frequency response for dbm measurements is
flat within -+-2.5 db between 30 and 45,000
cycles, and within -+-1 db between 50 and
15,000 cycles.
Input Level
See paragraph 3.14, above.
SECTION 4.0
ADJUSTMENTS AND MAINTENANCE
the NOISE and DIST positions of the METER READS
switch, when the main frequency dial is set at a point
removed from the applied frequency by an amount equal
to, or greater than, the second harmonic of this frequency.
(Example: Let the signal frequency be 1000 cycles, then
the dial may be set anywhere in the range above 2000
cycles. Depress the NOISE switch and note the meter
4.1 DISTORTION CALIBRATION
The potentiometer R-36 is provided to permit the calibration of the distortion measuring circuit. Its function is
to compensate for the insertion loss of the null network,
at frequencies in the pass band. Its setting is accomplished
merely by making the readings of the meter equal, for
4
GENERAL RADIO COMPANY
this type of interference. Grounding the panel securely is
highly desirable, and in some locations where an unbalanced a-c supply line is found, it may help to reverse
the a-c input-power cord. When the instrument is operating properly, the hum should not be visible as a deflection
above -20 db on the meter scale when the meter switch is
set at the -60 db position, with no connections to the input when the 100-kll position is used. The BRIDGING
input may be similarly checked, except that a dummy 600ohm load must be connected to the input terminals. If,
when an external lead is connected to the input terminals,
the reading increases, it is an indication of pickup on the
connecting leads. Use of shielding on all connecting leads
is desirable.
R-68 located at the rear of the instrument should be
adjusted for a minimum deflection of the meter; with the
FREQUENCY RANGE dial set to the power-line frequency, all INPUT connections removed, and the meter
scale switch set to the 0.3% DISTORTION position.
Since noise and hum components are present in the
distortion voltage reading, abnormally high values of
either will of course, lead to an incorrect distortion indication if the total harmonic distortion is very low. This
can be checked, since the noise level measurement will
also be high.
In some cases it may be desirable to investigate the
character of the noise and hum components, and for this
purpose a standard telephone jack marked CRO is provided at the rear, to which a cathode-ray oscilloscope can
be connected for observing the waveform. The internal
impedance of bhis circuit is approximately 18,000 ohms.
When it is desired to evaluate individual components
of distortion, noise, and hum, a Type 736-A Wave Analyzer can be connected directly to the device under test,
or, for r-f systems, to the output of the Type 1931-A
Modulation Monitor.
reading. Now depress the DIST switch and adjust R-36
until the same meter reading is obtained.)
This adjustment is made initially at the factory and
should not normally require correction.
4.2 CALIBRATION OF dbm LEVEL
The potentiometer R-37 is provided for this purpose.
Its function is to set the gain of the amplifier so as to provide a reading of 0 dbm, when a voltage of 0.775 volt
(1.0 milliwatt in 600 ohms) is applied to the 600-ohm
Bridging Input terminals. This may be checked at any
time by using an accurately calibrated voltmeter or
volume-level indicator, as a reference standard.
This adjustment has been pre-set at the factory and
should not normally require correction.
4.3 TUBE REPLACEMENTS
The instrument is substantially free from variations in
tube characteristics. All normal tubes will work satisfactorily. Should it prove necessary to replace V-1, V-2, or
V-3, it may be desirable to check the adjustment outlined
in paragraph 4.1. Replacement of V-4, V-5, V-6, or V-7
may make it desirable to check the dbm calibration, as
outlined in 4.2. Certain tubes used in the V-2 position
may introduce a residual distortion of the order of 0.1 /'o.
4.4 PRECAUTIONS
Due to the inherently high gain of the internal amplifiers, difficulties due to a-c hum pickup, stray fields, etc.,
may be encountered unless certain rules are followed.
The instrument should not be operated in the vicinity of
strong electromagnetic fields, such as may be found near
equipment containing saturating core regulating transformers, etc. The 600-ohm input will be most sensitive to
5
GENERAL RADIO COMPANY
SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE NOTES
FOR THE
TYPE 1932-A DISTORTION AND NOISE METER
1.0 FOREWORD
1.1
1.2
1.3
This Service Information together with the
information given in the Operating Instructions
should enable the user to locate and correct ordinary difficulties resulting from normal usage.
Major service problems should be referred to the
Service Department which will cooperate as far
as possible by furnishing information and
instructions, as well as by shipping replacement
parts which may be required. If the instrument
is more than one year old, a reasonable charge
may be expected for replacement parts or for
complete reconditioning and recalibration of the
distortion and noise meter if returned.
3.5
Meter inoperative when making distortion measurement, refer to Section 7.0.
3.6
Meter remains at full scale on distortion measurement with BALANCE dial set to fundamental frequency, refer to Section 8.0.
3.7
Meter cannot be set to full scale with switches
set for noise measurement, refer to Section 9.0.
3.8
Meter inoperative or reads incorrectly with
switches set at dbm position, refer to Section 10.0.
3.9
Power supply inoperative or has low output,
refer to Section 11.0.
3.10 No output at CRO jack J-3, refer to Section 12.0.
3.11 Vacuum-tube data, refer to Section 13.0.
Detailed facts giving type and serial numbers of
the instrument and parts, as well as operating
conditions, should always be included 111 your
report to the Service Department.
4.0 PILOT AND METER LAMPS DO NOT. LIGHT
2.0 GENERAL
4.1
Test lamps P-1 and P-2 for open circuit.
4.2
Measure resistance of R-28 and R-69.
4.3
Check connections on transformer T-2 terminals.
4.4
Test operation of ON-OFF switch S-5 with ohmmeter.
If the Distortion and Noise Meter becomes inoperative,
a few simple tests should be made before removing the
dust cover.
2.1
Measure the voltage of the power line.
2.2
Test the power line cord for open circuits or poor
contacts in the power outlet.
2.3
Check the fuses mounted on the rear of the
instrument.
5.0 METER CANNOT BE SET TO FULL SCALE
WITH SWITCHES SET AT CAL AND INPUT
SWITCH AT EITHER POSITION
3.0 INSTRUMENT INOPERATIVE
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
See that all tube filaments are lighted, that voltage regulator tubes glow, and that metal tubes
are warm. Also check the power line filter components, C-37 and C-38, mounted at the power
input receptacle.
5.1
Be sure that the input signal is at least 1.5 volts
at the input to the Type 1932-A.
5.2
Check amplifier.
5.21 Test tube V -4 and measure operating voltages.
Pilot and Meter lamps do not light, refer to Section 4.0.
5.22 Test cathode, grid and plate resistors and
Meter cannot be set to full scale with switches set
to CAL and input switch at either position,
refer to Section 5.0.
5.23 Check CAL dbm potentiometer R-37.
capacitors.
5.3
Meter erratic on CAL switch positions, refer to
Section 6.0.
Check vacuum-tube voltmeter amplifiers.
5.31 Test tubes V-5 and V-6 and-measure operating voltages.
6
GENERAL RADIO COMPANY
7.12 Test cathode, grid and plate resistors and
5.32 Check cathode, grid and plate resistors and
capacitors.
capacitors.
5.4
Test tube V-7 and measure operating voltages.
5. 5
Check meter. This should read full scale with
250 microamperes D. C.
7.121
7.2
5.51 If the meter is defective, a replacement
should be ordered from the Service Department. The General Radio Company cannot
assume responsibility for any local repairs
to the meter, although such repairs might
be necessary in an emergency.
5.6
Check connections to input plug PL-2 and/ or
INPUT jacks J-1 and J-2.
5.7
If using the 600-0 INPUT, check connection to,
and continuity of, transformer T-1.
5.8
Test resistor R-5 for short circuit.
5.9
Check operation and continuity of circuits
through switches S-1 (INPUT) and S-2
(METER READS).
Test resistors R-15, R-17, R-24, and
R-25. Also check R BALANCE
potentiometer R-16.
Check amplifier.
7.21 Test tube V -3 and measure operating volt-
ages.
7.2 2 Test cathode, grid and plate resistors and
capacitors.
7.3
Refer to SectiOGs 5.6, 5.7, 5.8, 5.9, 5.11, and 5.12.
7.4
Check null circuit.
7.41 Check operation and continuity of circuits
through FREQUENCY RANGE switch
S-3.
5.10 Check
operation and continuity of circuits
through switch S-4 (meter scale switch).
7.5
Test CAL DIST potentiometer R-36 for continuity. Refer to Section 4.1, Operating Instructions.
7.6
Refer to Sections 5.2, 5.3, 5.4, 5.10, 5.13, 5.14, and
5.15.
5.11 Test capacitor C-1 for short and open circuit.
8.0 METER REMAINS AT FULL SCALE ON DISTORTION MEASUREMENT WITH BALANCE
DIAL SET TO FUNDAMENTAL FREQUENCY
5.12 Test resistors R-6 and R-7 for continuity and cor-
rect resistance.
5.13 Check capacitors C-22, C-23, and resistor R-75.
8.1
Refer to Section 7.4.
8.2
Test capacitors C-10 and C-11 for dirty contacts
and short circuits.
8.3
Test capacitors C-12, C-13, and C-14 for open or
short circuits. Do NOT disturb settings of these
condensers as they control the frequency calibration.
8.4
Test capacitors C-15, C-16, anp C-17.
8.5
See that all shaft setscrews are tight so that condensor rotors turn with rotation of the panel controls. If main BALANCE dial has slipped on its
shaft, calibration can be restored by applying an
accurately known audio frequency and tuning
for minimum meter reading. Dial can then be set
to read correct frequency.
8.6
Check continuity of resistors R-15, R-16, and
R-17. Check R-25 for the "A" FREQUENCY
RANGE, R-24 for all other ranges.
8.7
Refer to Section 7.1.
5.14 Check resistors R-40 through R-46.
5.15 Check capacitors C-33, C-35, and resistor R-58.
6.0 METER ERRATIC ON CAL SWITCH POSITIONS
6.1
Try replacing tubes V-4, V-5, V-6, and V-7. Refer
to Section 4.3, Operating Instructions.
6.2
Check operation of switches S-1, S-2, and S-4 for
faulty contacts.
6.3
Test for low power-line voltage and intermittent
operation of voltage regulator tubes V-9 and
V-10.
7.0 METER INOPERATIVE ON DIST. POSITION
7.1
Check bridge amplifiers.
7.11 Test tubes V -1 and V -2 and measure operat-
ing voltages.
7
GENERAL RADIO COMPANY
11.2 Test tubes V-9 and V-10 and measure operating
9.0 METER CANNOT BE SET TO FULL SCALE
WITH SWITCHES SET FOR NOISE MEASUREMENT
9.1
voltages.
11.3 Test capacitors C-40, C-41, and C-42.
Refer to Section 5.0.
11.4 Test resistors R-61 through R-71.
11.5 Check connections to and continuity of trans-
10.0 METER INOPERATIVE OR READS INCORRECTLY WITH SWITCHES SET AT dbm
POSITION
former T-2.
12.0 NO OUTPUT .AT CRO JACK
10.1 Refer to Section 5.0.
12.1 Check _continuity o~ resistor R-27.
10.2 dbm calibration can be checked by applying an
12.2 Test jack J-3 for ground at terminal No.
1 and
approximately 18,000 ohms between terminal 1
and 2.
audio signal of 1000 cycles of 0.775 volts, rms.
With the VOLUME LEVEL switch set at 0
dbm position, adjust potentiometer R-37 (CAL
dbm) until the meter reads full scale (0 db).
Refer to Section 4.2, Operating Instructions.
12.3 Refer to Section 5.
13.0 VACUUM- TUBE DATA
Table of tube socket voltages measured from socket pin
to ground, unless otherwise noted, using a 20,000 ohmper-volt meter (Weston 772 Analyzer). D-C voltages
may vary +20%. ·
11.0 POWER SUPPLY INOPERATIVE OR HAS
LOW OUTPUT
11.1 Test tube V-8 and measure operating voltages.
-·
SYMBOL
TYPE
2
V-1
6.J5
V-2
6K6-GT
V-3
6.J5
V-4
6.J5
V-5
6.J5
V-6
6SN7-GT
V-7
6H6
V-8
6X5-GT/G
V-9
OD3/VRl50
V-10
OD3/VRl50
CONDITIONS:
2 and 7
6.3v AC
2 and 7
6.3v AC
2 and 7
6.3v AC
2 and 7
6.3v AC
2 and 7
6.3v AC
95
2 and 7
6.3v AC
2 and 7
6.3v AC
150
3
SOCKET PIN NUMBER
6
5
4
FUNCTION
7
8
11.0
Bri.dge Amplifier
26.0
Bridge Amplifier
95
1.6
Amplifier
170
6.8
Amplifier
105
2.15
VTVM Amplifier
230
203
l.O
203
65
-0.15
360(AC)
360(AC)
0.6
7 and 8
6.3v AC
VTVM Amplifier
0.15
Diode VM
370
Rectifier
300
Voltage Regulator
150
Voltage Regulator
Line voltage 115 v, 50-60 cycle.
Switches set at CAL.
No INPUT signal.
8
PARTS LIST
=
=
RESISTORS
R•)
=
90 lilohlll8
10 Kilohaa
R•4 =
R•5 =
e2 KUohme
R•6 =
100 Kilohma
R•7
1 Kilohm
R•S
47 Kilohms
8.2 Kilobms
R•9
R•10
33 Kiloblls
R-11
30 Kilohma
R-12 =
4 Kilohm•
1 Megohm
R-13
R•14
3. 77 Kilohms
R•15 =
1 Kilohm
R•l6 =
400
Ohms
R-17
10 Kilohm•
R•lS
1 lleghom
R-19
1.60 Megohms
R•20
560 Kilohms
R•21
160 Kilohms
R•22 =
56 Kilohms
R•23
24 Kilohms
R•24
Ohms
R-25 = C>-270
Ohms
R•26
100
Ohms
R-27
15 ltilohms
· R-28 =
15
Obma
R-29
l. 60 llegohll•
R-30
560 nlohm•
160 lilobu
R-31
R-32
56 K11ohlls
R•))
24 Kilohms
270
Obits
R•34
REFR-16
REFR-16
REC-20BF
POSc-12
;tla% REc-20BF
:1:10% REC•20BF
11lohll8
REC-41BF
POSc-11
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
;ile%
REC-~BF
;t5%
REC-20BF
REFR-16
REFR-16
REC-20BF
REFR•16
REc-20BF
4lo-411
REFR-16
REc-20BL
:tl%
;t1%
t10%
t1%
;ilo%
=
=
=
=
=
:=~~~ }*
REFR-16
REFR-16
REW•)C
RFJf•)C
=
= o-m
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
JJ
R-35 =
R-)6 =
' R•J7 ""
100 Ki1oha•
2.5 Kilohms
18 K11obms
R-38
27 l11oblls
R•39 =
R-40 = 158.1 ltiloh!ls
R-41
50 lilohll•
15 .~1 Kilohu
R•42
~ !Uohms
R-43
R•44 = 1.581 Kilohms
500
Ohms
R•45
231.2 ·Ohlls
R•46
390
Ohma
R•47
27 Kilohm•
R-48
10 ltUobma
R•49
1 Megohm
R-50
22 ICilohma
R-51
27 111ohu
R•52
R•53
390
Oha•
R•54 ,..
100
Ohms
1 Megohm
R-55
R•56 :::
5.1 Kilobms
R-57
15 Kiloh•e
3 Kilohu
R•58
R-59 :::
3 Ki1ohme
6.2 Kilohms
R-60
300
Ohms
R-61
300
Ope
R-62
300
Ohu
R-63
300
Ohms
R-64
R•65
150 Kilohm•
100 KUohms
R•66
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
*1 Subject to laboratory
}*t
REI•)C
REC·20BF
5~~l*
REFR-16
REFR•16
Imf•)C
ro3r-J
tlO%
tlO%
tl%
±1%
t1%
tl%
*1~
tl%
t1%
±10%
t10%
;.t10%
t10%
tlO%
tlO%
t5%
:tlO%
;tlO%
t5%
;tlO%
;t1%
;.t1%
REC-20BF
REC-20BF
RBPR-16
REPR-16
REPR-16
REPR-16
REIR-16
REPR•16
REPR-16
REJf• )C
REC- 30BF
REC-30BF
REC-20BF
REc-30BF
REc-JOBF
RDi•JC
R!Jf • .3C
REc-20BF
REC•30BF
REC•41BF
REPR-16
REPR-16
~~1:~::F
;.tlO%
t10%
t10%
±10%
R-67
R-68
R-69 =
R•70 =
R-71
R-72
R-73 =
R-74
R•75 =
R-76 :::
l-77 =
R•7S
=
=
=
R-79
Rr-80
R-81
R-82
R-83
sele~ion
=
=
=
=
=
tlO%
±10%
t10%
±10%
±10%
tlO%
;tlO%
;tlO%
;tlO%
t)a%
REc-20BF
roSI-3
2 x 8.20 RPJi-)C in
REC.20BF
REC-30BF
//A
T-1
T•2
C•1
c-2
c-)
c-4
C·5
c-6
c-7
c-8
c-9
C-10
c-11
c-12
c-1.3
c-14
<00-15
0C·16
0C-17
c-18
C-19
C-20
c-21
c-22
c-2.3
c-24
C-25
c-26
c-27
c-28
C·29
c.:. 30
c-31
C- 32
c-3.3
c-34
C-.35
c-)6
=
=
REI•)C
RD•JC
RDJ•)C
RDf·)C
REW-)C
:t). 0:C
RI!Jf• )C
;tlO%
:tle%
;tlO%
;tlO%
;.tlO%
;.tlO%
REC.208F
IUX:-208F
POSC-11**
REC-20BF
REc-20BF
REC-20BF
P'US!S
For ll~v. operation
P'-1
1.0 up.
Slo-Blo
P•2 = 1.0 up.
S1o•Blo
=
For 2J0y. operation
F-1 = 0.5 up.
Slo-81o
1'-2
o. 5 up. Slo•Blo
=
3
~
IIEI'ER .
COND~SERS
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
M-1 =
250 1.1. amp.
0.1 ~
;tlO~
OOL-71
20· }lot
o +5~10% COEB-25 Part of c-9
PILOT LAJIP
0.05 ~
:t10%
COII-50B
100 ~
tJ.O%
COII-20B
P-1 = 6 • .3 v. 2UP200 ~
;t10%
C011•20B
in 11-1
' P-2
1.0 ~
tlO%
OOL-4S
1.0 ~r
±10%
COL-5
PLUGS
1.0 ~
;t10%
COL-S
= 60.0 ~r Q +5o%-10% COEB-20 Part ol c-2
1206
Cf Sectiona 60Wf in ! /)
pt-;1
CDPP-562
= 1206
f2 S.ctione 60Wf in 1/) COi•2.3 PL-2
CIJIP-9-6
= 4•50 ~
COi-2
JACKS
= 4-50 ~
COA-2
= 6-100 ~
00!•4
CDSJ•Sl8
J-1
= 280
:t.5~
0011-200
CIEJ-81.8
J-2
280 ~
;t5~
OOM-20C
CDSJ-820 I
J-3
=
450 ~
:t5~
0011-200 *1
= 100 ~
+50%-10% COB-15
stiTCHES
0.1 iJ,f
;tle%
COL-2
=00.003 ~t
COII-)08 *1
s1
100 t~-f
+50%-1~ 001-lS
0.1 ~f(2 x 0.05);t10% OOM•508(in //)
s-2
=
35 ~
t5~
COII-20B
S-3 = SIPII-7
SIPII-8
160 ~
;tlO%
COII-~8
3-4
SWT-J2)
= 250 ~
;tlO%
0011-208
3-5
= 0.001 ~
;tle%
COII-308
=
40 ~r
+50%-1~ COEB-25 Part or c-29
= 0.04 ~
;tlO%
0011-508
=
40 ~
+50%-10% OOEB-25 Part of C-27
= 50 ~
;tlO%
0014-20B
=
40 ~
+50%-10% COEB-25 Part or c-34
= 0. 04 ~
;tla% .
COII-508
=
4.0 ~
tla%
COL-8
= 40 ~
+50%-l~ COEB-25 Part or c-.n
0.002 ~
t-l.OS
0011-.308
= 0..2$ ~
0011-208 *2
0.01 ~
;tlO%
0011-418.
0.01 ~
;t10%
COM-418
=
=
=
wt
wt
=
=
=
=
=
wt
=
=
=
=
=
}swPII-6
=
=
=
C-.37 =
C.38 =
c-)9
'I'
C..40 =
C..41 =
c-42 =
c-4.3
REc-20BF
REc-20BF
=
100 K1lohms
100
Ohms
4.1
Ohms
1 Megohm
100
Obma
100
Obma
100
O}lma
100
Opms
100
Ohms
100
Ohms
100
Ohms
470 Kilolms
68 Kilohms
10 Kilohms
22 Kilohms
1 Megohm
1 Megohm
0.44
C-45·
=
=
=
60 ~ ~ c +50%-10~}
60 ~ @Cl. +50%-10% 2
40 ~ ~
0.05 ~
60 w.f
16 ~
+5~10%
:tlO%
tl-0%
150 WVDC
for final value.
*2 Subject to laboratory selection for final valu~, and may
be connected acrose c-12, or C-1.3, with 5-) on E Range settings.
X
0018-25
0011-508
COII-20B
COB-4
4 Jt)wted on P-2 TeninaJ
0 Silver llica
c Part of P-1 Socket.
Hlab. Adjustment
*Resistor• with 8018 value matched in pairs
before assembling to ;tO.l~ ·
'I'RANSFORIImS
=
=
641•401
365-444
BALANCE
, - -"c•
-------- I
I
tion
Slo-Blo
JAG
S1o•Blo )lG
tion
Slo-Blo JiG
Slo•Blo JiG
GR
•J
FUF-1
GR FUF-1
GR FUF•l
GR FUF·l
FREQUENCY
...
,. ----~
II 18 I9 • 1n2 II
li--~;-~J
__ _
-
S-2
S-1
INPUT
II
IOOk.fl
GOO.n
METER .
\I
UN BAL.
BRIDGING
~
I
I
250
I
aap. D.C. 588-3191
I
CYCLES PER SEC. I
PL-2
~--:..:..:M.=E...:...T.::.ER:...:,
READS
PILOT UIIP
6.J To 2LAP•9J9(MAZDA-#44)
in 11-1
PLUGS
CDPP-562
CI*P-9-6
JACIS
CDSJ-818
CDSJ-81~
CDSJ-820
&-~ITCHES
}stPII-6
SIPII-7
SIPII-8
SWT-323
TUB£5
V-1
V-2
~
V-4
V··5
V-6
V-7
V-8
V-9
V-10
For 1/Sv input connec.t
j to ~ a
For 230v input connect
11
1
2 to 3
6J~- GT
6K6-<iT
6J5- GT
6J$-GT
6J5-GT
6SN7-GT
6H6
2 to '4
T-2
v9,"6
R-65
6X~-GT
,003
003
PL-1
Prt.
INPUT/
115 or 230V
J
50-60rv
Q
P-2 Teninal.
PANEL CONTROL
@SCREW DRIVER ADJUSTMENT
a
1 Socket.
in pairs
Figure J. Complete' wiring dit~grtZm of the
T
S-3
FREQUENCY
RANGE
TUBE
LAYOUT
8
6
g
8
8
8
g
8
e
8
TOP VIEW
tlitlgram of tAe Type JIJJ2-A Distortion tJntl Noise Meur.
Qr
INSTRUMENT
l:'-40
{
THRU
"R-4i>
~-47
C·Z2
C·Z8
C-30
"R-75
"R-50
~-76
C-32
"R-54
'k'- 38
~-53
1<- 5Z.
""R- 5 I
R-57
'"R- z. 7
"R-
5,
C.-35
\
I
fL-Z R-!)'
R-'-81
C·
~-37
R-5
I J(1?-2
R'-
1?-3')
1
R-'3
, R-"5
F-Z
CRO
.J-3
Figure 5.
View of under side of chassis with cover plate removed.
r-1
C·37
PL-1
C-11
1...---+---T-l
PL-1
F-1
F-Z
Figure 4.
~-26
-e-40
{
THICU
"R.-4-f?
e-47
c-zz
C-Z8
C-30
lC-75
"R-50
t:.-76
C-32
{c-z
C-'3
C-40
{ C-41
T-1
Top view of chassis with dust cover rl'm'Oved.
pa.:_-z
•
•
I '
-1;?-~~
R-36
C-6
111~ =-':...r?~e
·. tt· 'A.lP~~
·~.
~I
C- '31
{ C-34
..,.....- IIJ~
C-10 ~ .
.,-
~
-
~
.. :-"1.
G Ad~~
-
'
'1
•·• ..•:A
~I
~
,. . .,
o.J
~ J
·~'
'\
ff' •
',
I
~
.•
C-33
C-Z.I
R-37
{
L- l
c-Z7
C · Z~
T-l
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