01487

01487
FINAL
REMEDIAL
INVESTIGATION/
FEASXBILITY
STUDY
’
HEALTH
AND SAFETY PLAN
FOR
SIT%8 6,9,48, AND 69
MARINE
CORPS BASE CAMP LEeJEUNE
cTACKS&NVILLE,
NORTH CAROLINA
--
CaNTRACT
TASK ORDER
Prepared
0624.
For:
DEPARTMENT
OF THE NAVY
ATLANTIC
DIVISION
NAVAL FACILiTIES
ENGINEERING
COMMAND
Norfolk,
Virginia
Under:
LANTDIV
Contwct
CLEAN Program
N62470-89-D-4814
Prepa.red By:
BAKER
ENVIRONMENTAL,
Coraopolis,
Pennsylvania
INC.
--
FINAL
REMEDIAL
INVESTIGATION/
FEASIBILITY
STUDY
HEALTH
AND SAFETY PLAN
FOR
SITES 6,9,48, AND 69
MARINE
CORPS BASE CAMP LEJEUNE
JACKSONVILLE,
NORTH CAROLINA
CONTRACT
TASK
ORDER
0024
Prepared For:
DEPARTMENT
OF THE NAVY
ATLANTIC
DIVISION
NAVAL FACILITIES
’
ENGINEERING
COMMAND
@orfolk, Virginia
Under:
LANTDIV
Contract
CLEAN Program
N&470-89-D-4814
Prepawh By:
..
BAKER
ENVIRONMENTAL,
Coraopolis, Pennsylvaniq
,--
JULY
9,1992
INC.
TABLE
OF CONTENTS
Page
1.0
1
....................................................
INTRODUCTION
1.5
.....................................................
Background
Policy
..........................................................
...............................
Medical Surveillance Requirements
..........................................
TrainingRequirements
.........................................
Pre-Entry Requirements
2.0
SITE
DESCRIPTION
3.0
SITE
ENTRY
4.0
SITE
ORGANIZATION
6.0
SITE
5.1
CONTROL
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
5.2
5.3
5.4
6.0
6.4
6.5
7.0
6
................................................
8
.........................................
OBJECTIVES
AND
......................
COORDINATION
13
13
13
13
13
21
23
23
24
25
..........................................
Preliminary
Evaluation
Chemical Hazards ...............................................
................................................
PhysicalHazards
6.3.1 Confined Space Entry ......................................
...............................................
6.3.2 HeatStress
6.3.3 Explosion and Fire ........................................
................................
6.3.4 Site Specific Safety Hazards
...............................................
RadiationHazards
..........................................
EnvironmentalHazards
PERSONAL
PROTECTIVE
EQUIPMENT
...........................
7.1
7.2
7.3
..............................................
Levels of Protection
...........................................
Respiratory Protection
Care and Cleaning of Personal Protective Equipment
8.0
SITE
WORK
9.0
COMMUNICATION
10.0
DECONTAMINATION
10.1
10.2
10.3
10
10
10
12
............................................
EVALUATION
PLANS/SITE
.............................
PERSONNEL
.................................
PROCEDURES
..............................
PROCEDURES
............................................
Site Decontamination
.............................
Emergency Decontamination
Stations
.....................................
Equipment
Decontamination
ii
9
10
.....................................................
...........................................
General Requirements
..................................................
Site Conditions
S&Boundaries
.................................................
......................................
Sanitation/Site
Precautions
HAZARD
6.1
6.2
6.3
1
1
3
3
4
...............
27
27
29
30
31
32
33
33
34
34
TABLE
OF CONTENTS
(Continued)
Page
11.0
SAFETY
11.1
11.2
.................................................
Responsibilities
.......................................
Environmental
Monitoring
.............................................
11.2.1 Point-Source
.....................................
11.2.2 Perimeter Monitoring
.............................................
Personal Monitoring
..........................
Equipment
Maintenance
and Calibration
.......................................
Monitoring
Documentation
11.3
11.4
11.5
12.0
EMERGENCY
12.1
12.2
12.3
12.4
12.5
12.6
12.7
12.8
12.9
12.10
12.11
12.12
12.13
AND
HEALTH
PROCEDURES
35
35
35
35
40
41
41
41
........................................
SITE
42
42
42
43
44
44
46
48
49
49
50
51
51
53
.......................................
........................................
Pre-Emergency
Planning
..........................................
EmergencyCoordinator
................................................
Communications
.................................................
AssemblyArea..
Emergency Hospital Route .......................................
...................................
Emergency Medical Treatment
..........................
Emergency Decontamination
Procedures
......................
Personal Protection and First Aid Equipment
.....................................................
Notification
..............................................
HazardAssessment
Security
........................................................
.............................................
Emergency Alerting
........................................................
Training
13.0
SPILL
CONTAINMENT
14.0
WASTE
15.0
DECLARATION
HANDLING
.. . . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. .. . . .. . .. . .
PROCEDURES
PROCEDURES
OF HEALTH
AND
55
. . . . . . . . . . . . ..*..................
SAFETY
. ..
111
PLAN
REVIEW
54
. . .. . . ..
56
LIST
OF TABLES
Page
Table 6-l
Table 6-2
Table 6-3
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
6-4
11-l
11-2
11-3
11-4
Toxicological
Properties of Compounds Detected During
Preliminary
Sampling at Sites 6,9,48, and 69 ......................
Exposure Symptoms for Substances Detected During
Preliminary
Sampling at Sites 6,9,48, and 69 ......................
Toxicological
Properties of Potentially
Hazardous Materials Visible
...................................................
atSites6and9
Supplemental
List of Chemicals (not otherwise mentioned)
..........
Monitoring
Equipment
and Frequency for Site 6 ....................
Monitoring
Equipment
and Frequency for Site 9 ....................
Monitoring
Equipment
and Frequency for Site 48 ...................
Monitoring
Equipment
and Frequency for Site 69 ...................
LIST
Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
17
19
20
36
37
38
39
OF FIGURES
Site Location Map ...............................................
Typical Contamination
Reduction Zone Layout .....................
Emergency Hospital Route (to be posted at site) ....................
LIST
14
OF ATTACHMENTS
Attachment
A - Medical Surveillance Testing Parameters
Attachment
B - OSHA Training History of Project Personnel
Attachment
C - Chemical/Material
Safety Data Sheets
Attachment
D - Baker Environmental,
Inc. (Baker)
Safety Standard Operating Procedures (SOPS)
Attachment
E - Environmental
Hazards Specialists International,
(EHS) Standard Operating Procedures
iv
Inc.
2
11
45
1.0
INTRODUCTION
1.1
Background
Baker
Environmental,
(RI/FS)
Inc. (Baker)
to investigate
potentially
soil associated with burial
soil borings,
Sites 6,9,48,
hazardous materials
well installations,
and 69 can be found in the corresponding
The site locations
1.2
Policy
--
activities
with a Site-Specific
performed
the surveillance
personnel
Health
Officer
surveillance
and training
(SHSO)
The SHSO, or qualified
site and ensuring
requirements
will
designee,
is directly
responsible
immediate
authority
to modify
Work Plan (Baker,
activities
May
including
in the following
as outlined
subcontractor
applies
compliance
sections.
to verify
to
with
However,
protective
in this HASP.
records
be performed
The HASP
to provide their own personal
will be responsible
to the HASP.
for continually
equipment
The Site Health
compliance
for safety issues relevant
the existing
(EIC).
evaluating
The SHSO or designee,
with
safety at the
in addition
to the Site
to the site, and the SHSO has the
HASP as site conditions
and changes made to the HASP
and the Navy’s Engineer-in-Charge
health
associated with
requirements.
Manager,
preparation
audit
personnel
as outlined
are required
adherence
are to be documented
RI/I%
and Safety Plan (HASP).
(PPE) that meets or exceeds the level of protection
and Safety
surveys at adjacent
Specific activities
waste management
by both Baker and Subcontractor
and training
the Subcontractor
This study will
are shown on Figure 1.
It is the policy of Baker that all on-site hazardous
in conformance
North Carolina.
Final
and
at Sites 6 (Lots 201 and
aquatic/ecological
and analyses.
Study
surface water, sediments,
Corps Base, Camp Lejeune,
and associated sampling
1992).
Investigation/Feasibility
groundwater,
or disposal of potential
drum sampling,
rivers and streams,
a Remedial
contaminated
203), 9,48, and 69 at the Marine
include
will perform
warrant.
Modifications
after review with the Project
The SHSO, or designee, will be responsible
Manager
for the
of a daily report (in the field log book) as necessary which may include all relevant
and safety events; recordkeeping
accident
investigation
relevant
health
the Project Health
and reporting;
of all personnel
daily
safety talks
and site monitoring
information;
and inspections;
and any other
and safety issues. The HASP may be modified/updated
and Safety Officer (PHSO) and Project Manager.
given to the Navy EIC when such changes to the plan are implemented.
1
with the approval
Proper notification
of
will be
.
FIGURE I
SITE LOCATION MAP
MC6 CAMP LEJEUNE
SITES 6, 9, 48 and 69
2
Medical
1.3
Surveillance
This site-specific
having
HASP
potentially
will require
adverse
qualified
physician
corporate
medical
Requirements
and deleterious
to perform
for symptoms
Assessments,
Site Inspections,
health
program
(OSHA),
ofoverexposure
Remedial
29 CFR 1910.120.
Additionally,
capability
for performing
All Baker
employees
receive
a Group
Hazardous
the program
examination
standard
parameters
of occupational
electrocardiogram,
then review
spirometry,
the results
work required.
performed
such as height,
annually
weight,
urinalysis,
performing
1.4
Baker
company
equipment.
covered by the 1910.120 standard
physician.
This exam is received
temperature,
histories
exam includes
blood pressure,
in addition
and determine
the employee’s
the medical
surveillance
and a
to chest x-rays,
ability
physician
will
to perform
the
testing
parameters
including
physician
subcontractors,
stating
will be required
that they are physically
to provide
capable
of
Requirements
course,
meeting
who work on site will be initially
the requirements
outlined
trained
in 29CFR
at a health
1910.120.
and
These
state: “General
personnel)
expose or potentially
a minimum
protective
required.
assures that all personnel
supervisory
-
their
the activities
Training
requirements
the individual’s
on Baker employees.
from
safety training
Response Standard,
and blood tests. Baker’s company
A describes
Prior to entry onto the site, all personnel,
information
Safety and Health
A Group III medical
vision,
and medical
of the testing
Attachment
thereafter.
in Preliminary
to determine
wearing respiratory
by a licensed
baseline
Studies, and construction-
and Emergency
that will be engaged in site activities
then once every twelve months
review
who participate
is intended
Baker’s
a medical
of Labor, Occupational
on-site work, including
III physical
to establish
Feasibility
Waste Operations
fit by a
to entry onto the site.
for individuals
Investigations,
initially,
complete
prior
has been developed
phase services at sites covered by the Department
Administration
who may be exposed to materials
effects, are deemed medically
the tasks required
surveillance
and to monitor
that project personnel,
site workers .(such as equipment operators, general laborers and
engaged in hazardous substance removal or other activities
which
expose workers to hazardous substances and health hazards shall receive
of 40 hours of instruction
off the site, and a minimum
3
of three days actual field
experience
under the direct
supervision
generally
5-day (40-hour)
courses.
Key points
respiratory
fit testing
and training,
use of monitoring
equipment,
downrange
demonstrations,
reactivity,
levels of protection,
include donning,
protective
of a trained,
clothing,
doffing, and working
experienced
supervisor.”
of the 40-hour
training
risk assessment,
field
chemical
site safety procedures,
and practical
in personal protective
include
toxicology,
work procedures,
decontamination,
These are
field exercises (which
ensembles for personal protection
Levels A, B, and Cl.
In addition
receive
to the initial
an annual
40-hour
training
s-hour refresher
program,
training
standard.
The general
knowledge
necessary to be adequately
OSHA requires
general
site workers
course on the items specified
purpose of the 8-hour refresher
protected,
by the 1910.120
is to ensure that personnel
and stay current
to
retain
the
with proper site health
and
safety procedures.
OSHA
also requires
directly
responsible
shall
receive
experience)
that personnel
for, or who supervise
(in addition
associated
as, but not limited
employee
training
containment
program,
supervisory
training
understand
and use the various
of the HASP.
History
accumulated
1.5
is required
for Baker Project
.’
a previous
training
to, the employer’s
safety and health
hazard monitoring
Health
B provides
the appropriate
Personnel.
Training
field
at the time of job assignment
program
protective
equipment
procedures
and techniques.
and to implement
“OSHA”
Health
spill
The 8-hour
necessary to
the elements
and Safety Training
records for Subcontractor
at the on-site command
and the
program,
have the knowledge
and Safety Programs,
of site activities
of the on-site
(site mobilization),
and off-site sampling
personnel
will be
post.
health related procedures/protocols
areas, establish
the SHSO will call a meeting
personnel.
site reconnaissance,
the SHSO
will perform
or confirm
a
emergency
and review any other issues deemed necessary to address site
At this point,
and the subcontractor’s
-
hours of specialized
personal
waste operations,
and three days of supervised
to ensure that supervisors
points of contact and procedures,
safety and health.
and supervisors
Requirements
the initiation
reconnaissance
management
engaged in hazardous
training
prior to site startup and maintained
Pre-Entry
During
employees
program,
and health
Attachment
with on-site
to 40 hours initial
at least eight additional
on such topics
involved
Site-specific
provisions
with Baker on-site personnel
safety and health hazards, data obtained
outlined
in this HASP,
will be reviewed by the SHSO.
4
and appropriate
from
safety and
After this initial
briefing
with personnel
specifically
discussed
may
troubleshooting
with all site personnel,
designated
include
will be provided
to use monitoring
equipment
procedures,
information
equipment
maintenance,
calibration,
and the review of definitions
with respect to the use of each piece of monitoring
for breathing
equipment.
and discussed
on site.
Information
response
time
and
zone, point source, etc.,
Other pertinent
information
may also be discussed at this time.
Prior
to each phase of site operation
brief the appropriate
appropriate
All Baker
employees
requirements
briefings
to address potential
the SHSO will
emergencies,
strategies.
unforeseen circumstances,
and
changes to the HASP.
and subcontractor
and provisions
affect site personnel
task, new site operation),
site workers on the health and safety hazards and protection
The SHSO will be available
implement
(new sampling
personnel
of the HASP
or site operations
will be responsible
including
modifications.
for familiarity
with the
Any modifications
that
will be discussed with site personnel via daily or weekly
or sooner, if necessary.
=.+-
Baker believes
on-site
that the development
personnel.
The following
U.S. Coast Guard for responding
COMDTINST-ML6456-30)
Standard
has been based on an outline
to hazardous chemical
(Occupational
Site Activities),
This plan,
29 CFR 1910.120
plan has been designed
and 69 at the Marine
HASP
and by NIOSH,
and safety procedures
Waste
of a HASP is necessary to ensure adequate protection
OSHA,
releases (U.S.C.G.
USCG,
Safety and Health
at a minimum,
(Hazardous
as a Site-Specific
Pollution
HASP for activities
by the
Response
and EPA’s recommended
Guidance
Manual
meets the requirements
Waste Operations
and Emergency
to be conducted
Corps Base, Camp Lejeune, North Carolina.
5
developed
for
health
for Hazardous
under
Response).
OSHA
This
at Sites 6,9,48,
2.0
SITE
Submittal
Date:
S.O.#
DESCRIPTION
July 9,1992
Location:
1902450-SRN
Camp Lejeune, North Carolina
Hazards:
Potentially
contaminated
Ordnance
soils [(chemical
wastes, mercury
(UXO)].
.
Potentially
contaminated
groundwater
Potentially
contaminated
surface water and sediment
Potential
hazards
contaminated
Inhalation
wastes, and Unexploded
associated
(chemical
with
drilling
wastes).
(chemical
around
wastes).
utilities
and potentially
soil and water.
of vapors and/or particulates.
Ingestion
of particulates
Dermal
contact
via a hand to mouth pathway.
and eye contact
via hand to mouth
and absorption
pathways,
respectively.
Area affected:
l
Site 6 - Lots 201 and 203
l
Site 9 - Fire Fighting
l
Site 48 - Building
l
Site 69 - Rifle Range Chemical
Surrounding
l
Pit
804 lawn to edge of New River
Dump
population:
Site 6 - One Military
(approximately
l
Training
Building
at Lot 201 (approximately
46 acres), no buildings.
25 acres) and at Lot 203
Site is fenced.
Site 9 - Two-acre site bordered by local streets to the east and west. Several buildings
within
the immediate
area but none within the site boundaries.
l
Site 48 - One Military
Building
l
Site 69 - Indigenous
vegetation
- Site area is approximately
- no structures
Site is fenced.
6
Site is fenced.
20,000 square feet.
- Site area is approximately
6 acres.
Topography:
Most study areas are flat. The wooded portions of Site 6 and Site 69 slope slightly.
l
Anticipated
weather conditions:
Hot temperatures
l
August
ranging
from 70” to 85°F (work expected
to take place in July or
1992 for a period up to three months).
Additional
information:
l
Site 6 is located
previously
on Holcomb
Boulevard
between
used to dispose or store hazardous
materials
and vehicles.
Lot 203 is inactive
Wallace
and Bear Head Creeks;
waste. Lot 201 is actively
and is littered
used to store
with construction
debris and
drums.
Site 9 is located
l
southern
between
Piney
Green Road and Holcomb
Boulevard
border of Site 6. Bear Head Creek is located approximately
along
the
500 feet to the
north of the site. This two-acre site is bordered by local streets to the east and west.
An asphalt-lined
extinguishing
pit on the site is currently
fires.
aboveground
An oil/water
used to conduct training
separator
is located just south of the pit.
storage tanks are located just west northwest
could potentially
contain
exercises
of the training
jet fuel (JP-4 and JP-5) based on markings
for
Three
pit that
noted on these
tanks.
l
Site 48 is located on LongstaffRoad
extends
from
reportedly
l
Building
next to Building
804 (former
804 to the New River.
Mercury
from radar
The area
units
were
disposed behind building.
Site 69 - Rifle Range Chemical
Dump is located approximately
intersection
and Sneads
of Range
(approximately
chemical
Photolab).
Road
6 acres).
generatedlused
materials.
drums containing
agent test kits for chemical
Road,
The site was reportedly
wastes and other hazardous
PCBs, gas cylinders,
Ferry
training
north
utilized
Wastes included
chemical
7
of Everett
as a disposal
Creek
area for
various pesticides,
warfare agents, chemical
warfare agents, and miscellaneous
on base.
9,000 feet east of the
hazardous
materials
SITE
3.0
ENTRY
The long-term
(vertical
OBJECTIVES
objective
of the initial
entry is to characterize
and areal) of soil, groundwater,
applicable)
sediment,
and surface water contamination
for each site. This study will include the following
Site 6 (Lot 201) - Sediment
Bear Head Creek,
groundwater
Site
203)
6 (Lot
Aquatic/Ecological
sampling,
sampling,
monitoring
Site 6 (Wooded
groundwater
sediment
at Wallace
and surface
groundwater
monitoring
and monitoring
well installations,
Site 48 - Geophysics,
installations,
surveying,
aquifer
testing,
well
sampling,
(borings)
surveying,
soil
test pits,
soil sampling,
surveying,
well installations.
groundwater
sampling,
aquifer
and surveying.
surface and subsurface
groundwater
monitoring
water
sampling,
(borings)
Site 9 - Surface and subsurface (borings) soil sampling,
testing,
Survey at
and Ordnance Survey.
Areas) - Surface and subsurface
sampling,
soil sampling,
Creek, surface and subsurface
well installations,
aquifer testing, drum sampling,
(borings)
Aquatic/Ecological
aquifer testing, and surveying.
- Geophysics,
Survey
(where
activities:
and surface water sampling,
surface and subsurface
installations,
the degree, type and extent
sampling,
(borings)
sediment
soil sampling,
and surface
and an Aquatic/Ecological
monitoring
water
well
sampling,
Survey in the adjacent
New
River area.
0
Site 69 - Surveying,
sampling
(off-site - downgradient),
site-downgradient),
installation
geophysics,
sediment
(off-site-downgradient),
New River and Everett
groundwater
sampling,
hydropunch
groundwater
surface and subsurface (borings) soil sampling
(off-
and surface
well
water
sampling,
and Aquatic/Ecological
Creek area.
8
monitoring
Survey in the adjacent
4.0
SITE
ORGANIZATION
The following
personnel
off-site activities.
AND COORDINATION
are designated
to carry out the stated job functions
for both on- and
(Note: One person may carry out more than one job function.)
PROJECT
MANAGER
PROJECT
HEALTH
Raymond
AND SAFETY
Wattras
Barbara
OFFICER
Cummings/Ronald
Krivan
Donald Shields
SITE MANAGER
SITE HEALTH
AND SAFETY
FIELD
TEAM
LEADER
FIELD
TEAM
MEMBERS
Peter Monday
OFFICER
Peter Monday
Richard
Dabal
Mathew Bartman
Michael
Smith
Ken Martin
Thomas Trebilcock
NAVFACENGCOM
r”,.
REPRESENTATIVES
(804) 445-2931
Mr. Byron Brant, P.E.. (EIC)
ACTIVITY/BASE
REPRESENTATIVES
Mr. George Radford (CLEJ EMD)
FEDERAL/STATE/LOCAL
Ms. Michele
(919) 451-5872
REPRESENTATIVES
Glenn (EPA)
Mr. Jack Butler
(N.C. DEHNR)
CONTRACTOR(S)
Driller:
(to be determined
per Baker’s Basic Ordering
Agreements)
Surveyor:
(to be determined
per Baker’s Basic Ordering
Agreements)
Geophysics:
(to be determined
per Baker’s Basic Ordering
Agreements)
uxo:
Environmental
All personnel
activities
arriving
or departing
on site must be cleared
Hazards Specialist
International.
the site will be documented
through
the Site Manager.
9
Inc. (EHS)
in the field
log.
All
5.0
SITE
CONTROL
5.1
General
Requirements
The Field Team Leader is designated
and 69. A saf’e perimeter
and higher
protection
Unauthorized
to coordinate
will be established
levels, according
personnel
access control and security on Sites 6,9,48,
for all planned
to Site Boundary
are not permitted
within
sampling
sites requiring
procedures
identified
Level C
in Section 5.3.
these areas.
Site Conditions
5.2
The prevailing
wind conditions
for Sites 6,9,48,
The Command
Post for Sites 6,9,48,
and 69 are from the south, southwest.
and 69 has been established
which will be located off site, near the Hadnot Point Industrial
Work
6.3
at the Baker field trailer,
Area (HPIA).
Zones
Work
Zones shall be established
utilizing
(Work
Area) the Contamination
Reduction
These boundaries
control
boundaries
between the Exclusion
Zone (CRZ), and the Support
Zone (clean area).
shall be defined as follows:
l
Exclusion Zone (Work Area) - A radius of at least 25 feet (barring
Site Investigative
Activities.
l
Hotline
l
CRZ* - The area between the Exclusion
the Site Investigative
Activities).
l
Contamination
0
Support
Zone - The outermost
Investigative
Activities.
- The boundary
Control
* Note: A CRZ is required
levels.
Refer to Figure
Zone
2 for a “Typical
between the Exclusion
for activities
Contamination
Zone (located upwind of
between the CRZ and the Support Zone.
area next
in Level
to the CRZ and upwind
of the Site
C protection
protection
Reduction
10
from
Zone and CRZ.*
Zone and the Support
Line - The boundary
obstructions)
and higher
Zone Layout.”
Estimated
boundary
of area with highest
contamination
.
i”i
- -\- .
Contamination
Control
Line
-
.
I
.
.
---_ .,,,,&-re-ma-er-
-_
Ll
@
. -.
KII
Access
;’
Support
Zone
Points.
Reduction
Corridor.
Contamination
Reduction
Zone
Area
1
Prevailing
Contamination
Note:
/
.
Control
Exclusion
/’
\-/
.
.y .
,/ /’
../,’
. - . - -,’
‘0 -03
.
.‘,’
/
(CfW.
Zone
dimensions
no! to scale.
Distances
between
FIGURE
2
CONTAMINATION
REDUCTION
ZONE LAYOUT
TYPICAL
11
points
may vary.
wind
Cl
Command
direction
Post
These boundaries
will be demarcated
using:
l
Colored Boundary
Tape, Cones, or equivalent
for the Hotline.
l
Colored
Tape, Cones, or equivalent
for the Decontamination
Boundary
Corridor
of the
CRZ.
Colored Boundary
l
Tape, barriers
for the Contamination
“Work Area, ” “Authorized
signs indicating
As site investigation
locations
vary throughout
Personnel
Control
Line including
posted
Only”, or equivalent.
the project,
adjustments
will be made
accordingly.
Note:
Due to the large
included
in the HASP.
Sanitation/Site
6.4
Standard
/-
Attachment
Building
Baker
provisions
number
of sampling
locations
However, site maps are provided in the Work Plan.
Precautions
for sanitation
and other precautions
D - Baker Safety SOPS. Specific sanitation
804 facilities
Field Trailer
these provisions
(over 100) a site map has not been
for Site 48, portable
(within
the HPIA)
facilities
to be followed on site are located in
facilities
for each site will consist of:
for Site 69, and portable
for Sites 6 and 9. Responsibility
lies with the Site Manager,
Field Team Leader, and SHSO.
/-
12
facilities
near the
for compliance
with
6.0
HAZARD
6.1
Preliminary
EVALUATION
Evaluation
Research
into the history
indicates
potential
of each of the four sites under investigation
site hazards.
A summary
of the potential
(Sites 6,9,48,
chemical
and physical
and 69)
hazards at
each site can be found in Sections 6.2 and 6.3, respectively.
6.2
Chemical
Hazards
The toxicological
l
l
properties
sampling
investigations
Exposure
Symptoms
at Sites 6,9,48,
for substances
48, and 69 are identified
The toxicological
l
identified
in Table 6-l.
preliminary
hazardous materials
suspected
of being
sampling
visible
disposed
Safety Data Sheets for the contaminants
as Attachment
6.3
Physical
Hazards
6.3.1
Confined
Space Entry
It is not anticipated
entering
preliminary
at Sites, 6,9,
at Sites 6 (Lot 203)
at sites 6 and 69 are
in Table 6-4.
6-4 are included
Remedial
detected during
of potentially
list of chemicals
Chemical/Material
l
and 69 are identified
during
in Table 6-3.
A supplemental
l
detected
in Table 6-2.
properties
and 9 are identified
of chemicals/substances
identified
in Tables 6-3 and
C.
that there will be a need for a confined space entry procedure
Investigation
activities.
a confined space are outlined
However,
should
in Attachment
13
this condition
during
the
occur, procedures
for
D - Baker Safety SOPS.
TABLE
TOXICOLOGICAL
OF CHEMCIALSISUBSTANCES
DETECTED
DURING
PRELIMINARY
SAMPLING
Source
TLV
(ACGIH)
PEL
(OSHA)
IDLH
Site 6
GW and SW
750 ppm
750 ppm
20,000 ppm
Inhalation,
Ingestion,
Skin/Eye Contact
9.69 eV
Site 6
GW
0.5 mg/ms
0.5 mg/ms
1,100 mg/m3
Inhalation,
Ingestion,
Skin/Eye Contact
NA
Site 6
Site 69
GW
GW andSW
10 mm
1 mm
3,000 ppm
(CA)
Inhalation,
Ingestion,
Absorption,
Skin/Eye Contact
9.24 eV
BHC,B*
BHC,D
(as BHC, G)
Site 69
GW and SW
0.5 mglm3
win)
0.5 mg/ms
w.d
1,000 mg/ms
Inhalation,
Ingestion,
Absorption,
Skin/Eye Contact
NG
Cadmium
Site 6
Site 48
Site 69
GW
SD
SD
0.05 mg/m3
0.2 mglms
C - 0.6 mg/m3
50 mg/ms
Inhalation,
Carbon Disulfide
Site 6
Site 69
GW
GW
10 ppm (skin)
4 ppm (skin)
500 ppm
Inhalation,
Ingestion,
Chlorobenzene
Site 69
GW and SW
10 ppm
75 mm
2,400 ppm
Inhalation,
Ingestion,
Skin/Eye Contact
9.07 eV
Chloroform
Site 69
GW and SW
10 mm
2 mm
1,000 ppm
(CA)
Inhalation,
Ingestion,
Skin/Eye Contact
11.42 eV
C hlorome thane !
(methyl chloride)
Site 6
GW
50 ppm (skin)
50 mm
10,000 ppm
(CA)
Inhalation,
Skin/Eye
Chromium
Site
Site
Site
Site
GW and SD
GW
SD
GW and SD
0.5 mg/ms
1 mg/m3
NG
Inhalation,
Ingestion
Detected Analytes
Acetone
Barium
(as Barium)
Benzene
*
PROPERTIES
6-1
(as dust)
(as metal)
Location
6
9
48
69
042)
Assumes original chemical to be a technical grade of benzene hexachloride
isomer of BHC is the only regulated isomer and has a PEL of 0.5 mg/ms.
Routes of Exposure
Ingestion
NA
Absorption,
Skin/Eye Contact
(64.0% alpha, 10.0% beta, 13.0% gamma,
Ionization
Potential
Contact
and 9.0% delta).
10.08 eV
11.28 eV
NA
The gamma
TABLE
TOXICOLOGICAL
PROPERTIES
6-1 (Continued)
OF CHEMICALS/SUBSTANCES
DETECTED
TLV
(ACGIH)
PEL
(OSHA)
IDLH
SL
SD
1 mg/m3
1 mg/m3
6Ai.d
(CA)
Site 6
Site 69
SD and SL
SD
1 mg/ms
1 mg/ms
(skin)
(CA)
Site 6
SD and SL
1 mg/m3
1 mg/m3
(CA)
Detected Analytes
Location
Source
DDD Cop’& pp9 (1)
Site 6
Site 69
DDE (TDE)
Cop’ & pp9 (1)
DDT Cop’8cpp9
DURING
wnl
SAMPLING
Routes of Exposure
Inhalation,Absorption,
Ingestion, Skin/Eye
Contact
Inhalation,Absorption,
Ingestion, Skin/Eye
Contact
Inhalation,Absorption,
Ingestion, Skin/Eye
Contact
NA
NA
NA
Site 9
Site 69
GW
GW
(skin)
1,ZDichloroethane
[ethylene dichloride)
Site 69
GW and SW
10 mm
1 pm
4,000 ppm
Inhalation,
Ingestion,
Skin/Eye Contact
11.05 eV
l,l-Dichloroethylene
[vinylidene chloride)
Site 69
GW
5 mm
1 ppm
Unknown
Inhalation,
Ingestion,
Skin/Eye Contact
Unknown
Ethyl benzene
Site 69
SW
100 ppm
100 ppm
2,000 ppm
Inhalation,
Ingestion,
Skin/Eye Contact
8.76 eV
Lead (as lead)
Site 6
Site 9
Site 69
GW and SW
GW
GW and SD
0.05 mg/m3
0.05 mg/ms
700 mg/m3
Inhalation,
Ingestion,
Skin/Eye Contact
NA
Manganese
Site 6
Site 48
Site 69
GW, SW & SD
SD
GW, SW, 8z SD
5 mg/ms
5 mg/m3
NG
Inhalation,
NA
Mercury
vapor)
Site 48
Site 69
SL and SD
GW and SW
0.01 mg/ms
M-3
0.05 mg/ms
(skin)
28 mgtm3
Inhalation,
Absorption,
Skin/Eye Contact
NG
Site 69
SW and SD
0.5 mg/m3
(skin)
0.5 mg/m3
150 mg/m3
Inhalation,
Ingestion,
NA
(as mercury
Pentachlorophenol
20 mm
C-30ppm
Inhalation,
Ingestion,
Ionization
Potential
1,2-Dibromoethane
(ethylene dibromide)
WI
400 ppm
PRELIMINARY
Absorption,
Skin/Eye Contact
Ingestion
Absorption,
Skin/Eye Contact
9.45 eV
TABLE
TOXICOLOGICAL
Detected Analytes
PROPERTIES
Location
6-1 (Continued)
OF CHEMICALS/SUBSTANCES
Source
DETECTED
TLV
(ACGIH)
PEL
(OSHA)
DURING
PRELIMINARY
IDLH
SAMPLING
Routes of Exposure
Phenols
Site 9
GW
6 mm
(skin)
5 mm
(skin)
250 ppm
Tetrachloroethene
(Perchloroethylene)
Site 6
Site 69
GW
GW
50 mm
25 mm
500 ppm (CA)
Inhalation,
Ingestion,
Skin/Eye Contact
9.32 eV
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane
Site 6
Site 69
GW
GW and SW
1 ppm (skin)
1 ppm (skin)
150 ppm (CA)
Inhalation,
Ingestion,
Absorption,
Skin/Eye Contact
11.10 eV
1,l ,L-Trichloroethane
Site 69
SW
10 ppm (skin)
10 mm
500 ppm (CA)
Inhalation,
Ingestion,
Absorption,
Skin/Eye Contact
11.00 eV
’
Site 6
Site 69
GW and SW
GW and SW
50 wm
50 wm
1,000 ppm
VW
Inhalation,
Ingestion,
Skin/Eye Contact
9.45 eV
Trans-1,2-dichloroethene (1,2-dichloroethylene)
Site 6
Site 69
GW and SW
GW and SW
200 ppm
200 ppm
4,000 ppm
Inhalation,
Ingestion,
Skin/Eye Contact
9.65 eV
Toluene
Site 69
GW and SW
100 ppm
100 ppm
2,000 ppm
Inhalation,
Ingestion,
8.82 eV
Vinyl chloride
Site 6
Site 69
GW and SW
GW and SW
5 ppm (Al)
1 PPm
(CA)
Inhalation
Trichloroethene
(trichloroethylene)
-
Sediment Sample
Surface Water Sample
Groundwater Sample
Not Applicable
Time-weighted
average (TWA)
concentration
published by the ACGIH
SL
skin
CA
Al
PEL
ppm
Absorption,
Skin/Eye Contact
Absorption,
Skin/Eye Contact
8.50 eV
9.99 eV
UnknOWll
(1) TLVs and PELs for DDD and DDE were not published;
SD
SW
GW
NA
TLV
Inhalation,
Ingestion,
Ionization
Potential
therefore,
-
the levels and subsequent information
Soil Sample
Potential for dermal absorption
Potential human carcinogen
Confirmed human carcinogen
TWA concentration
published by OSHA
parts per million (in air)
provided for DDT was substituted.
Unknown
C
NG
A2
IDLH
mg/m3
-
- IDLH is unknown
Ceiling concentration,
not to be exceeded
Not Given
Suspected human carcinogen
Immediately
Dangerous to Life or Health
milligrams
per cubic meter (in air)
,
TABLE
DETECTED
6-2
EXPOSURE
SYMPTOMS
FOR SUBSTANCES
DURING
PRELIMINARY
SAMPLING
AT SITES
Detected Analytes
AND
69
Exposure Symptoms
I
1Icetone
13arium
6,9,48,
Eye, nose and throat irritation;
Upper respiratory irritation;
pulse; eye and skin irritation
(as Barium)
dizziness; dermatitis
gastroenteritis;
and burning
muscle spasms; slow
I 3enzene
Eye, nose and respiratory irritation;
nausea and staggered walk;
dermatitis;
bone marrow depressant; (carcinogen)
13HC,B
I 3HC,D
( as BHC, G)
Eye, nose and throat irritant; headache; nausea; respiratory
difficulty; skin irritation
; muscle spasms
(Cadmium
Pulmonary
edema; dyspnea; cough; headache; chills, muscle aches,
nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, mild anemia; (carcinogen)
(as dust)
(Carbon Disulfide
Dizziness, headache, poor sleep, anorexia/low
burns, dermatitis
(>hlorobenzene
Skin, eye and nose irritation;
(Chloroform
Dizziness, mental dullness, nausea, disorientation,
headache,
fatigue, anesthesia; skin and eye irritant; (carcinogen)
(Zhloromethane
(Chromium
(methyl
(as metal)
chloride)
weight; eye and shin
drowsiness; uncoordination
Dizziness, nausea, vomiting, visual disturbance,
speech, convulsions, frostbite (carcinogen)
Histologic
stagger, slurred
fibrosis of lungs
1DDD (op’ & pp3 (1)
Lips, tongue and face paresthesia; tremors, apprehension, dizziness,
confusion, malaise, headache, fatigue, vomiting, eye and skin
irritant. (carcinogen)
1DDE (TDE)
t:op’ & pp? (1)
Lips, tongue and face paresthesia; tremors, apprehension, dizziness,
confusion, malaise, headache, fatigue, vomiting, eye and skin
irritant. (carcinogen)
1DDT bp’ 8~ PP?
Lips, tongue and face paresthesia; tremors, apprehension, dizziness,
confusion, malaise, headache, fatigue, vomiting, eye and skin
irritant. (carcinogen)
1,2-Dibromoethane
dibromide)
Eye and respiratory
1,2-Dichloroethane
dichloride)
CNS depression; nausea, vomiting,
cornea1 opacity (carcinogen)
1,1-Dichloroethylene
chloride)
CNS depression
Ethyl benzene
Eye and mucus membrane
irritant;
dermatitis
with vesiculation
t[ethylene
l[ethylene
dermatitis,
irritated
eyes with
dermatitis,
narcosis, coma
I(vinylidene
L
(1) Symptoms of Exposure and First Aid Instructions
provided for DDT.
irritant;
for DDD and DDE were copied from the information
17
TABLE
DETECTED
6-2 (Continued)
EXPOSURE
SYMPTOMS
DURING
PRELIMINARY
FOR SUBSTANCES
SAMPLING
AT SITES
Symptoms
Detected Analytes
6,9,48,
AND 69
of Exposure
Lead (as lead)
Weakness, lassitude, insomnia. Facial pallor, malnutrition,
constipation,
abdomen pain. wrist and ankle paralysis, eye irritant,
hypotension
Manganese
Parkinson’s,
insomnia, mental confusion, metal fume fever, dry
throat, cough, tight chest, flu-like fever, low back pain, vomiting,
malaise, fatigue
Mercury
(as mercury
vapor)
Cough, chest pain, tremor, insomnia, irritability,
headache, fatigue, anorexia, eye and skin irritant
indecision,
Pentachlorophenol
Eye, nose and throat irritation;
sneezing, coughing, weakness,
anorexia, sweating, headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, chest
pain, high fever, dermatitis
Phenols
Eye, nose and throat irritation;
weakness; muscle aches; dark urine;
cyanosis; skin burns; dermatitis;
convulsions
Tetrachloroethene
[Pentachloroethylene)
Eye, nose and throat irritant; flushing of face and neck; vertigo,
dizziness, incoordination,
headache (carcinogen)
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane
Nausea, vomiting,
dermatitis
1,l ,&Trichloroethane
Eye and nose irritant,
l’richloroethene
(trichloroethylene)
Headache, vertigo, visual disturbance,
eye irritation,
dermatitis (carcinogen)
I’rans-1,2-dichloro-ethene
(1,2-dichloroethylene)
Eye and respiratory
Toluene
Fatigue, weakness, confusion, euphoria,
pupils, muscle fatigue, dermatitis
Vinyl chloride
Weakness, abdomen pain, GI bleeding,
(carcinogen)
abdomen pain, tremor in fmgers, jaundice,
CNS depression
irritant,
18
(carcinogen)
tremors,
nausea, vomiting,
CNS depression
dizziness, headache, dilated
cyanosis of extremities
TABLE
TOXICOLOGICAL
PROPERTIES
OF POTENTIALLY
6-3
HAZARDOUS
MATERIALS
VISIBLE
AT SITES
6 AND 9
1
I
Chemical
Location
Source
1
Tricresyl-phosphate
(Triorthocrespylphosphate)
Site 6
(Lot 2031
Drums
Diesel Fuel Oil
(Fuel Oil No. 2)
Site 6
(Lot 203)
Above Ground
Tank
Gasoline
Site 6
(Lot 203)
Above Ground
Tank
Kerosene
(Fuel Oil No. 1)
Site 6
(Lot 2031
Above Ground
Tank
Lubricants
Site 6
(Lot 203)
Drums
Freon (as Freon 10 - carbon
tetrachloride)
Site 6
(Lot 203)
Drums
Jet Fuels
(JP-4 and JP-5)
Site 9
Above Ground
Tank
NG
Skin
CA
A2
TLV
PEL
IDLH
ppm
mg/m3
-
1
(C%&)
1
0.1 mg/m3
(skin)
I
0.1 mg/m3
(skin)
I
NG
I
I
I
published
NG
NG
IDLH
NG
I
300 ppm
I
Not Given
Potential for dermal absorption
Potential human carcinogen
Suspected human carcinogen
Time-weighted
Average (TWA) concentration
TWA concentration
published by OSHA
Immediately
Dangerous to Life or Health
parts per million (in air)
- milligrams
per cubic meter (in air)
(EH)
I
I
I
I
40 mglm3
Inhalation,
Ingestion,
Absorption,
Skin/Eye Contact
NG
NG
Ingestion,
Skin/Eye
NG
NG
Inhalation,
Ingestion,
Skin/Eye Contact
NG
Ingestion,
Skin/Eye
Contact
NG
NG
Ingestion,
Skin/Eye
Contact
NG
Contact
I
I
300 ppm
I
NG
NG
I
I
NG
I
5 ppm (skW
A2
2 ppm
300 ppm (CA)
NG
NG
NG
by the ACGIH
Routes of Exposure
Ionization
Potential
Inhalation,
Ingestion,
Absorption,
Skin/Eye Contact
Inhalation,
Absorption,
Skin/Eye Contact
I
I
11.47 eV
NG
I
TABLE
n
6-4
SUPPLEMENTAL
LIST OF CHEMICALS
(not otherwise
mentioned)
Chemicals
(1)
suspected as being disposed at Sites 6 and 69: (1)
Chemical
Site Location(s)
Polychlorinated
biphenyls (PCBs)
Pentachlorophenol
Malathion
Parathion
Diazinon
HTH (calcium hypochlorite)
Chloroacetophenone
(CN)
Chemical Warfare Agent Training
Kits
(contain surety agent simulants)
*HD (Mustard Gas)
*GB (Sarin)
*VX
*HT (Vesicant)
6 (Lot 201) and 69
69
69
69
69
69
69
69
69
69
69
69
The possibility for direct contact with the pure form of chemicals identified at Site 69 is not
anticipated
since only offsite investigations
are being conducted at this time.
* Low probability
for these chemicals
Attachment
C.
to be found on site however, “MSDS’s”
20
are provided in
6.3.2
Heat Stress
Monitoring
Provisions
outlined
for monitoring
for heat stress will be determined
protective
is required
outerwear
more of the following
for personnel
wearing
when there is an ambient
Increased
2.
Fluid intake discipline.
3.
Self monitoring
4.
Work-rest
5.
Calculate the Heat Exposure
using the following steps:
semipermeable
air temperature
procedures will be implemented
1.
of urine output quantities
greater
when this condition
awareness of heat stress symptoms
or impermeable
than 70°F. One or
exists:
and buddy monitoring.
to prevent dehydration.
intervals.
a.
Calculate the WBGT
Stress Monitor
b.
Estimate
Threshold
Limit
the work load using the following
(2) Moderate
Value (TLV) for work-rest
(Wet Bulb Globe Temperature)
(1) Light work = sitting
or arm work.
or standing
work = walking
intervals
Index using the [email protected] Heat
guidelines:
to control machines,
about with moderated
performing
lifting
light hand
and pushing.
(3) Heavy work = pick and shovel work.
c.
Evaluate
the calculations
against the following
Heat Exposure TLVs in “C or “F.
Work Load
Work - Rest Regimen
Light
Moderate
Heavy
30.0 (86)
26.7 (80)
25.0 (77)
75% work - 25% rest, each hour
30.6 (87)
28.0 (82)
25.9 (78)
50% work - 50% rest, each hour
31.4 (89)
29.4 (85)
27.9 (82)
25% work - 75% rest, each hour
32.2 (90)
31.1(88)
30.0 (86)
Continuous
*
as
below.
Heat stress monitoring
,-
by the SHSO and performed
work
For unacclimatized
by 2.5”C.
workers, the permissible
21
heat exposure TLV should be reduced
Special considerations
l
Clothing
clothing.
- Subtract
2 from the TLV to compensate
l
Acclimatization
- After approximately
themselves to their environment.
l
Fitness - Physically
l
Medication
for the use of semipermeable
a week, workers
fit workers will adjust more readily
- Some medications
should
have acclimated
to a change in environment.
can predispose individuals
to heat-induced
illnesses.
Causes and Symptoms
The following
heat stress causes and symptoms
Site personnel
must realize
Level B and C protective
are provided
that monitoring
ensembles
the physical
in
and inadequate
fluid intake.
Symptoms
muscle spasms and pain in the hands, feet, and abdomen.
exhaustion
inadequate
include
4.
of fellow personnel
exposure to heat or humid air.
2. Heat cramps are caused by heavy sweating
3. Heat
condition
purposes.
will be difficult.
1. Heat rash results from continuous
include
for buddy monitoring
occurs when body organs
fluid intake
and personnel
attempt
to keep the body cool, due to
not acclimated
to the environment.
Symptoms
pale, cool, moist skin; heavy sweating; and dizziness.
Heat stroke is the most serious form of heat stress. It is a MEDICAL
Symptoms
are red, hot, &
skin; lack of perspiration;
EMERGENCY.
nausea; dizziness and confusion;
strong, rapid pulse rate; and coma.
The need to seek medical
the symptoms
attention
and the severity
stroke is noted or suspected,
should
be taken
cause hypothermia
and the urgency in seeking
of the symptoms
medical
attention
to cool the body to prevent
displayed
22
attention
depends on
by the affected individual.
must be sought IMMEDIATELY.
serious injury
and should be avoided.
medical
or death.
Excessive
If heat
Efforts
cooling
can
Prevention
Fluid intake
should be increased during
water is best; however,
diluted
rest schedules to prevent dehydration.
electrolyte
(i.e., Gatorade
for water.
fluid intake
to ensure that urine output and urine color are close to normal.
heat-induced
should monitor
their
or equivalent)
substituted
for preventing
Each individual
solutions
illnesses may include providing
Drinking
urine output
cool
can be
and adjust their
Additional
means
shelter or cooling devices, such as
vests and showers.
6.3.3
Explosion
In general,
and F’ire
the following
items
present
potential
physical
hazards
and will be monitored
closely:
Explosion
l
and fire resulting
)
heavy equipment
)
penetration
)
ignition
)
vehicular
)
puncturing
Provisions
of trapped flammable
utility/service
vapors.
of drums during test pitting
for potential
fire/explosive
for making
conditions
will include
in Section 11.2.1) and the performance
surveys prior to conducting
provisions
lines (gas, electric, fuel).
accidents
gas meter (as indicated
and geophysical
identified,
malfunction.
into underground
for monitoring
combustible
from:
intrusive
activities.
changes to the HASP
of utility
As additional
will be presented
the use of a
checks
concerns are
by the SHSO,
as
needed.
6.3.4
Site-Specific
It is expected
respective
Safety Hazards
that the following
additional
safety hazards
sites.
Site 6 (Lot 201)
l
Military
vehicular
traffic
23
may be present
at each of the
Site 6 (Lot 203)*
Exposure to deteriorating
) Empty drums
) Sheet metal
) Above ground tanks
) Shredded tires
) Cables
) Barbed wire
) Empty crates/disposal
) Wooden pallets
b Glass
) Spent ammunition
l
l
Unsecured
compressed
debris such as:
bins
gas cylinders
Sites 9 and 48
l
None apparent
Site 69*
l
l
*
Unsecured compressed gas cylinders
Fired and unfired rifle cartridges
All identification/management
of ammunition,
UXO, etc. will be controlled
by the
subcontractor (EHS). Removal of live UXO will be handled by military personnel at Camp
Lejeune.
Baker personnel are not to be directly involved with these types of hazards.
Applicable EHS Standard Operating Procedures are provided in Attachment E.
Provisions
slippery
for the monitoring
of hazards
ground, uneven terrain,
at the pre-entry
briefmg
to all applicable
compliance
particular
overhead equipment,
by the SHSO and Site Manager.
regulations
to the specific
electrical
site activities
(such as
lines, etc.) shall be addressed
All personnel
are expected to adhere
such as, but not limited
to, OSHA standards
wastes or radioisotopes
at Sites 6,9,48
29 CFR
1910 and 1926.
6.4
Radiation
Although
the presence of a radiological
anticipated,
a radiation
11.4 identifies
Monitoring
chamber)
Hazards
survey meter will be used as a standard
the monitoring
of beta and alpha particles.
procedure
(Section
requirements).
at the work site with a radiation
will determine
operating
and 69 is not
gamma
survey meter (Victoreen
Model 450 ionization
ray exposure rates and serve as an indicator
If the monitoring
for the presence
shows a level greater than 1 mR/hr,
24
work will
stop and not resume until
measures
shielding
are instituted
measures
A brief discussion
the SHSO and PHSO have been notified
such as, retreating
a safe distance
and additional
protective
from the source and employing
(if necessary).
of the different
types of ionizing
radiation,
for the benefit of site personnel,
is as follows:
0
Alpha
particles,
of their
relatively
potential
but the lowest penetrating
quality
particles
travel no more than 10 centimeters
paper.
Adverse
inhalation,
0
because
health
ingestion,
Beta particles
penetrating.
have a lower ionizing
Beta particles
gamma
rays but not completely
of radioactive
regarding
radiation.
Alpha
in air and can be shielded completely
particles
potential
can be shielded
rays are the most penetrating
Any questions
ionizing
are caused by absorption
with
via
or a break in the skin.
Gamma
and ingestion
mass, have the highest
of all forms of ionizing
affects from alpha
absorbed into the human body via inhalation,
0
large
the different
particles
with aluminum
ingestion,
form of ionizing
eliminate
material,
than alpha
them.
or Lucite.
They can be
or skin penetration.
radiation.
Shielding
can reduce
They can be absorbed via inhalation
or can penetrate
types of ionizing
but are more
intact skin.
radiation,
should be directed
to the
SHSO.
6.5
Environmental
Hazardous
Flora
Incidence
of contact
Hazards
by individuals
to poisonous/thorny
should be covered as much as practical
shirt, steel toe boots, leather
should avoid entering
.
is a real threat.
Bare skin
in forested areas (i.e., long pants and
or cotton gloves, safety glasses, and head protection).
Personnel
an area in the direct path of known poisonous flora (i.e., poison ivy/oak),
a secondary route should be selected.
uneven terrain
when working
plants
Care should also be taken when walking
or vines may present a tripping
hazard..
25
in such areas as
While
attempting
to cut into dense underbrush,
hazards exist from the sharp machete,
gas-
powered weed eater, etc. Care should be taken when using such devices. All rashes and other
injuries
will be reported
to the SHSO.
Hazardous
Fauna
All animal
life must be treated
able to differentiate
with respect.
between
swampy areas unprotected
dangerous
Without
proper training,
and nondangerous
will not be allowed.
personnel
varieties.
may not be
Working
in wet or
Contact with surface water will be kept to a
minimum.
Mosquitoes
distract
pose a nuisance
workers, leading
microorganisms
Donning
and physical
to accidents.
into their
victim.
light colored clothing
There is a potential
Perfumes
“checks”
on each other periodically
reported
to the SHSO.
also pose a physical
are common
creatures.
They typically
as mosquitoes
accidentally
injured
copperhead,
to the United
States.
sensitivities
in forested/swampy
site activities,
to the previously
be avoided.
to lighter
colors.
These include fire ants,
All personnel
should perform
All insect bites must be
(water moccasin),
rule, are timid
angered,
*
or
Cover bare skin as much
gloves, safety glasses and head
areas. If bitten,
follow procedures
outlined
in
Treatment.
each individual
mentioned
organisms
shall
be questioned
as to any known
or agents.
I
all
a snake(s), avoid quick/jerky
slowly; do not provoke the snake(s).
when working
to initiating
should
people but will bite when provoked,
protection)
Medical
live
Snakes, as a general
(i.e., long pants and shirt, steel toe boots, leather
Section 12.6, Emergency
threat by injecting
and cottonmouth
as practical
Prior
insects.
(as when stepped on). When encountering
loud noises, and retreat
they
are not attracted
and at the end of the work shift.
do not attack
As a nuisance,
and scented deodorants
mites, fleas, spiders, and ticks.*
snakes such as the rattlesnake,
known as pit vipers,
to field personnel.
to come in contact with other dangerous
bees, wasps, hornets,
motions,
Mosquitoes
is preferable,
chiggers,
Poisonous
hazard
Site personnel
have been provided
with a copy of Baker’s
policy (per
consultant)
regarding the signs and symptoms of exposure for Lyme Disease.
26
our medical
;f-
7.0
7.1
PERSONAL
Levels
PROTECTIVE
of Protection
Based on an evaluation
have been designated
level of protection
of potential
site hazards, the following
for the applicable
work areas or tasks.
will be based on real time monitoring
the Levels of Protection
.=-
EQUIPMENT
will be the responsibility
levels of personal
Upgrading
and working
protection
or downgrading
conditions.
the
Changes in
of the SHSO.
(1) The identification
of unexploded
ordnance (UXO) will be performed solely by Baker’s
subcontractor
(EHS) per the subcontractor’s
standard operating
procedures (SOPS).
Additional
levels of protection specific to this type of work beyond the levels specified for
the aforementioned
tasks, are to be determined
by the subcontractor.
Should the
subcontractor be present during the performance of the other job tasks listed above, he/she
shall be required to meet the level of protection specified for that task.
(2) For Site 48 only. Respiratory protection to include an MSA half-face cartridge respirator
with approved Mercury
Vapor/HEPA
Cartridge
and goggles, if a proper fit can be
achieved. Otherwise, Level B protection.
(3) Only offsite soil and groundwater sampling are proposed at Site 69.
(4) Drum sampling will be performed according to Drum Sampling Procedures outlined in
Attachment
D.
(5) Removal of live UXO will be performed by Camp Lejeune military personnel.
(6) For Site 9 only.
(7) For Site 6 (Lot 203 only).
27
Based on the known or suspected contaminants
indicated
and/or
in Section 7-1, are believed
periodic
monitoring
11-l through
greater
than those discussed
including
1X-4) will be conducted
the likelihood
Specific protective
Level B
Chemical Resistant
A$Lin;~~~rai~E\ALR)
to be the appropriate
in the breathing
(Tables
in Section
of protection
equipment
Clothing
Levels B through
levels of protection.
zone with OVAs/HNus
to evaluate
and detector
investigation
D, as
Continuous
this level of protection.
11.2.1 will require
tubes
Levels
by the SHSO,
upgrades.
for each level of protection
(1)
with 5-minute
SCBA
Chemical Resistant Gloves (2)
(Inner-Disposable)
Chemical Resistant Gloves (Outer) (3)
Safety Shoes/Boots
Boots (Chemical Resistant - Over-boots)
Hard Hat
2-Way Communications
Hearing Protection (Optional)*
Level D +
Chemical Resistant Clothing (1) or uncoated
Tyveka Coveralls
$$ff,“,t Z%&Boots
with Chemical Resistant
f!
Two-way Communications
Hard Hat (Optional)*
Chemical-Resistant
Gloves (2)
(Inner-Disposable)
Chemical-Resistant
Gloves (Outer) (3)
Hearing Protection (Optional)*
Safety Glasses/Goggles
Full-face Cartridge Respirator on Standby
(1) Polyethylene-coated
(2) Nitrile or Latex
(3) Neoprene or Nitrile
at each site, protection
Level C
Chemical
Full-Face
is as follows:
Resistant
Cartridge
Clothing (1)
Respirator
Chemical-Resistant
Gloves (2)
(Inner-Disposable)
Two-way Communications
Chemical-Resistant
Gloves (Outer) (3)
Hearing Protection (Optional)*
Safety Shoes/Boots
Boots (Chemical Resistant - Overboots)
Hard Hat
Level D
Normal Work Clothes with Long Sleeve Shirt
or Coveralls
Safety Shoes/Boots
Boots (Chemical Resistant Overboots)
(Optional)
Two-way Communications
Hard Hat (Optional)*
Gloves (Outer)
Hearing Protection (Optional)*
Safety Glasses/Goggles
Tyveke or Saranexe
* The need for hearing protection and hard hat protection will be determined by the SHSO,
however, hearing protection and hard hat protection is required during drilling operations.
CHANGES
TO THE SPECIFIED
LEVELS OF PROTECTION
SHALL ONLY BE MADE
WITH THE APPROVAL
OF THE SITE HEALTH
AND SAFETY OFFICER AND THE SITE
MANAGER.
APPROPRIATE
NOTIFICATION
WILL BE MADE TO THE NAVY EIC, AS
NECESSARY.
28
7.2
Respiratory
Protection
Level B
Respiratory
Protection
Respirator
will include a combination
(ALR) System with &minute
with a ‘*North”
Brand Self-Contained
This individual
may also be responsible
is clear visibility
(4person
manifold)
“North”
Brand Air Line
escape pack. The rescue worker(s)
Breathing
Apparatus
for monitoring
will be equipped
(SCBA) for emergency
purposes.
the supplied air system as long as there
between the workers and the ALR system.
Level C
A “North
or MSA” Brand full-face NIOSH
with a combination
organic
appropriate
cartridge
contaminant
concentrations.
based on measured
changeover
vapor, acid gases, and highly
Upgrade/downgrade
“realtime”
upgrade
equal to 100 ppm for vapor/gas
cartridges;
breakthrough
due to overloaded
appropriate,
*
for specialty
mercury
vapor/HEPA
cartridge
respirator
vapor/gas
cartridge,
equipped
cartridge*,
materials
concentrations
and the measured
in the breathing
greater
due to overloaded
cartridges;
is the
protection
will be
(see Section 11.2). Cartridge
exposure duration
resistance
NIOSH
toxic particulates
hazardous
concentrations
cartridges;
filter cartridges
For Site 48, a half-face
respirator
will occur when one or more of the following
PID/FID
breathing
cartridge
in the level of respiratory
air contaminant
have been observed:
vapor/gas
air-purifying
for use with the detected
or protection
properties
certified
warning
zone greater than or
than eight hours for
particulate
and other warning
filters;
odor
properties,
where
equipped
with a
(i.e., end of service life indicators).
approved
MSA cartridge
respirator
with end of service life indicator,
is the only air-purifying
system allowed for this site.
Level D +
A NIOSH
certified
air-purifying
cartridge
respirator
meeting
all the requirements
protection
has been determined
identified
under Level C, on standby.
Criteria
-z-
personnel
for using this type of respiratory
in compliance
with Attachment
D - Baker Safety SOPS.
29
by qualified
Baker
7.3
Care and Cleaninp
Provisions
of Personal
for the care and cleaning
in Attachment
Protective
Equipment
of personal protective
D - Baker
Safety SOPS. Responsibility
lies with the Site Manager
and/or Field Team Leader.
30
equipment
used on site can be found
for compliance
with these provisions
8.0
SITE
WORK
Field
PLANS/SITE
A Work
Plan,
Sampling
detailing
the tasks to be performed
PERSONNEL
and Analysis
and Quality
of two to six personnel
Peter Monday
Site Health
Richard
Dabal
Environmental
Scientist
Michael
Smith
Environmental
Scientist
Thomas Trebilcock
Environmental
Scientist
Mathew
Environmental
Scientist
Ken Martin
Environmental
Scientist
Drilling
Drilling
Contractor
Geologist
and Safety Officer/Field
Team Leader
Activities
Geophysics Activities
Survey Contractor
Site Survey Activities
EHS
UXO and Surety Identification
* Note:
due to
Function
Site Manager/Project
Geophysics
Plan
will perform the following functions:
Donald Shields
Contractor
Project
will accompany the HASP.
Name*
Bartman
Assurance
at each of the four sites have been bound separately,
their size. However, copies of these documents
Work party(s) consisting
Plan,
At the time of the Health and Safety Plan Publication,
contractors had not been fully determined.
Personnel
prior to beginning site activities.
31
specific-site
identification
personnel and
to be provided
COMMUNICATION
9.0
The “Buddy
System”
in the Exclusion
(two-person teams) will be employed
Zone (Work Zone) should remain
of the Site Manager,
evaluation
PROCEDURES
or his/her
of whether personnel
Radio communications
Site Manager,
in constant
Any failure
should discontinue
will be employed
will
personnel
during
for communication
Level
C or B operations.
standard
signal
Personnel
or within
of communication
sight
requires
an
Activities.
during
in constant contact with the
emergency
to indicate
are ineffective
that emergency
during
...........................
throat
Grip partner’s
wrist or both hands around waist
up ....................................
Thumbs
down
...
Baker
of radio communications
- OK, I am all right, I understand
- No, negative
Personnel
is the responsibility
the lines of communication
of the Site
will be determined
prior to
start-up by on-site project personnel.
Telephone
during
f
communication
mobilization
activities.
To be determinedjustprior
or
- Need assistance
and Contractor
The best means for securing
is required.
- Leave area immediately
.................................
between
assistance
air horn
- Out of air, can’t breathe
...........................
Thumbs
of site
Level C or B operations:
Hand gripping
Hands on top of head
evacuation
One long (3 second) or continuous
hand signals will be used in case of failure
when radio communications
Manager.
communication
by site teams to remain
be used
blast is the emergency
Coordination
all site activities.
SHSO, and other field teams.
Air horns
The following
representative.
during
at the Baker
Site Trailer
The phone number
to sitearrival.
32
is*
(Command
Post) will be established
10.0
DECONTAMINATION
10.1
Site Decontamination
Personnel
and equipment
decontaminated.
according
PROCEDURES
leaving
The following
the Exclusion
protocol
Zone (Work
Area) shall
be thoroughly
shall be used for the decontamination
stations
to levels of protection:
*Optional
- depends on degree of contamination
The following
decontamination
and recommended
equipment
and type of PPE used.
is required
for Level C and higher protection
for Levels D and D + protection:
Two small tubs (one set of wash and rinse water)
Scrub brush
Towels
Disposable
wipes
Pressurized
sprayers for rinsing
Contaminated
Respirator
Liquinox
clothing
cleaning
disposal bag or drum
solution
and water as the decontamination
33
solution.
levels
The decontamination
liquids
and clothing
policy defined in the Field Sampling
10.2
Emewency
Emergency
personnel
will be contained
and Analysis
Decontamination
decontamination
Plan (FSAPNBaker,
Equipment drop, boot
and glove removal*,
and coverall removal*.
according
to the
1992).
Stations
will include the following
Level D +
Level D
and disposed
stations*:
Level C
Equipment drop, outer
boot and glove removal,
coverall removal/disposal.
and inner glove removal/
disposal.
Equipment drop, outer
boot and glove removal,
coverall removaUdisposa1,
respirator removal, and
inner glove removal/
disposal.
Level B
Equipment drop, outer
boot and glove removal,
SCBA or escape tank
removal, coverall removal/
disposal, SCBA or ALR
face shield removal, and
inner glove removal/
* If circumstances
dictate that contaminated
clothing cannot be readily removed, then
remove gross contamination
and wrap injured personnel with clean garments/blankets,
to avoid contaminating
other personnel or transporting equipment.
All emergency medical
condition and potential
10.3
Equipment
Provisions
equipment
personnel are to be immediately
informed of the injured person’s
contaminants
and provided with all pertinent chemical data.
Decontamination
for the decontamination
used. Specific decontamination
the Final Field Sampling
and Analysis
of equipment
will be based on the size and type of
procedures for Sites 6,9,48,
Plan (FSAPKBaker,
34
19921.
and 69 can be found in
f-
11.0
SITE
11.1
Responsibilities
The SHSO,
SAFETY
AND HEALTH
as identified
requirements
4.0, is directly
responsible
for safety
and health
on site.
Environmental
11.2
in Section
The following
Monitoring
environmental
monitoring
instruments
shall be used on site at the specified
intervals.
11.2.1
Point
Point
Source
source monitoring
activity.
However,
breathing
is defined by this HASP as monitoring
the action
zone (bz) of the work party personnel.
performed
at each site has been outlined
required
when air concentrations
certain
levels presented
situations,
real time instrumentation.
at the source of the
below are based on levels detected
Monitoring
in Tables
required
11-1 through
reach a certain level according
however, Drager
performed
for the tasks being
11-4.
Drager
to an HNu/OVA
The action levels, given the concentration
measured
11-4 for frequencies
tubes are
response. In
tubes are specified for use in the same manner
Refer to Tables 11-l through
in the
as other
of use.
by real time instruments,
are as follows:
*HNu/OVA
Background to 5 ppm - Level D protection
> 5 ppm to 7 ppm for greater than 5 continuous minutes = Level C plus Driiger
tube monitoring
0
> 7 ppm for up to 15 continuous
minutes = Level B or stop work and consult
SHSO
0
Instantaneous
peak concentrations
> 70 ppm = Level B or stop work and consult
SHSO
with 11.7 eV probe or Foxboro OVA 128.
0
0
*HNu
Drager Tubes
0
a
0
*Whichever
Below limits of detection (BLD) to less than the PEL/TLV*
zz PEL to 5 times the PEL/TLV
= Level C (if adequate
purifying
cartridge is available -- otherwise Level B -- or
SHSO)
> 5 times the PELPTLV = Level B or stop work and consult
is lower.
35
- Level D
NIOSH certified airstop work and consult
.
SHSO
~'ABLE 11-l
MONITORING
EQUIPMENT
AND FREQUENCY
DrLiger
Calorimetric
FOR SITE
Tube.0
HNu
Job Task
OE
+
(67 26061)
Vinyl
Chloride
6
(67 28561)
Benzene
Combustible
Gas [email protected])
Radiation
Survey
[email protected])
Surveying
Non-intrusive
Geophysics
Surface Soil Sampling
Monitoring
Well Installation
Groundwater
Sampling
Drum Sampling
(Lot 203 only)
Aquatic/Ecological
Survey
UXO Identification*
Test Pitting
(Lot 203 only)
(Lot 203 only)
Aquifer Test
*
b
C
D
This task is performed by the subcontractor prior to Baker personnel enterin
the site and then on a
other tasks are erformed. The subcontractor is sole1 responsible for Iden tlf’ ying UXO according to then
to Attachment
E 1 and informing Baker and other con Practor personnel of the appropriate measures to be taken.
UXO will be handled by military personnel at Camp Lejeune.
=
=
=
=
Note:
Initially
Periodically
Continuously
Discretionary
f$zai;,csentrations
-
At start of job task to confirm level of protection
When site condition or set-up changes or when a new area is entered
Monitor levels continuous1
At the discretion of the SHJO
are measured,
they should be documented.
In the case of continuous
monitoring
every 15 to
(1) Drli er tubes to be used at this site are subject to change based on site concerns.
(2) Con&inuous Monitorin
is re uired when combustible ga’s readings are between 10% and 20%.
(3) The Victoreen Model 4%0 Ra 3 ration Survey Meter measures
amma radiation and detects the presence of beta and
alpha articles when the mylar screen is e
sed. Alpha par &icle detection is possible only when the mylar screen is
very cPose (< 3 mm) to the surface being tesT ed. The meter will be held at the survey locatlon for 9 seconds for a
complete response.
+
An OVA will be used during all intrusive
activities
where methane
gas is anticipated
(i.e., landfills)
TABLE
MONITORING
EQUIPMENT
11-2
AND FREQUENCY
FOR SITE
Dr&ger
Calorimetric
Tubes(l)
HNu
Job Task
0::
Surface Soil Sampling
Monitoring
Groundwater
I&P
Well Installation
C
Sampling
Subsurface (Boring)
+
I&P
9
Combustible
Gas [email protected])
Radiation
Survey [email protected])
(67 28561)
Benzene
...,:.::
..,,,.,.,.,.(.,
..:.:.../.......,,
....:::::::::
..::.:.:.,,
...... .....::..: ..,.,.:(.:,:,):.
:.):.:.:.:.~:.~:.......
:.:.:.:
. ..::.
>>:.>>..;::.;:
~.:,:,.:
..‘.‘.:.:.:.:.:.::::::::::::~:::::’::::::
~:~....:..,
..,..,.,.
,......
......,.,,.,,,:
..:.~:.:.:.:.:.~.~~~.:.::::::
...i.........
i......::::::,.()\..
.,_.,.,.(..........
:~,
: .:.:.:.>:
:‘z.:‘.‘.‘.‘.‘.‘.
....A._
..:.:.:::.:.:.>>*
...\..................................
,:.:.:::::
,::::::
::>y:.
:‘:‘:‘:‘...~:.:.~:...~~~~~~:.~:::::::::::::::
.
.
.
.:“:‘:::::::::::.‘::::::::::::::::::~:~:~:~:~::::::::.::::,:,:,::~:~:~~~:~;
::::::::::
I&D
:.‘.:.:-::.:x+>
.
.
..)‘.....
>:+.::.:.:.:.:.:...:.:.:
..,,
..
~~~.‘.:.~:.::~~:.‘.~~~~~~
............:.:>>
,.,.,.,.,.
....... ~.~i.~.~.‘.‘.‘.‘.L’..
...... ._,
,;‘.>3>>>
.“““.‘..
.>F>
,.,.,.,,,,,.....,.,.,.,.,.,.,.,.,.,.,.......,.,
.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:::::::.‘,‘.’::~:’:’:~:’:’:~:~:
:::.,.,.,
‘.‘.‘.’
,.......:
.,..
.
.
.
..:._.:
.
.
.
:.
.
.
:‘,‘...‘.‘,:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:,:,~~~~~~:::::Bj:::::~
.:.~:.~:.:.:.:.:?
....... ,.....,..,..,(()
.l...........,,,...,.,.~,,,I
.. ._,
(,.(,,,,,,.,
_,
___,
(.
,....
:.:.~~:.:.:.:.~~),..~
:,......
(.
,,_.
.,.,..
.(._
.......\..i.i..
.....I...
.,._~,.i,l,.,...........,.....,..........
C
C
x‘.‘.:.:.:.:.:.:‘:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:~:~:~,~~,~~~~~~.~.~~.~.~.~.~.~.~.:...:.:,:,:.:.:.~,
........,..._.,...,.,...,
.... .A....
.,.,.,
.(,.,...,
.........,.....
.....................j...........,
>):.:.:.:.:.:...y.>>?>>
..:~::::::::::...:.:.:...:..:::::::::.::::;::::~::~::::::::::~:~:~~:~:~:~:~~~~~~~~,~
‘.‘.
..cx
.
(.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.,...,..
.,.
,..
.,.(.,.,..........
.(.,.,,,.,,,
,,
*
_.:“‘.‘.‘.,,...
,.,.,
.,.i.i..
,.,..
..,.,..._
..l.......,.,.,,,,,,,.,.,.,,
“~“.‘.‘................................,.,.,.,.,.,,,,,,,:
.:.:.:.::.:.:.:.:
_.
.,.,\.,.,.(........
(.,,
“”
“‘.A
”‘.‘....
:.:.:
.,.,.,
,.,.(\.,.
I&D
I&D
‘(‘ii.
..,;.,.,
.,.,.,.,...,....
.,.,.,.,
‘.‘.‘.~........:.:.:.::::
..,.,.,.,
......,.
>:.:.:.
>$.~y.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.;
.,.,.........,......
>z..
......:.:.,.::,>..
.,..(.
.. .,...
.,.........
...,,,
.
Soil Sampling
Surveying
Aquifer Test
I
P
C
D
=
=
=
=
Note:
Initially
Periodically
Continuously
Discretionary
-
As air concentrations
minutes.
Immediately
prior to start of job task to establish levels, confirming level of protection
When site condition or set-up changes or when a new area is entered
Monitor levels continuously
At the discretion of the SHSO
are measured,
they should be documented.
In the case of continuous
monitoring
every 15 to 30
(1) Drager tubes to be used at this site are subject to change, based on site concerns.
(2) Continuous monitoring
is required when combustible gas readings are between 10% and 20%
(3) The Victoreen Model 450 Radiation Survey Meter measures gamma radiation and detects the presence of beta and alpha
particles when the mylar screen is exposed. Alpha particle detection is possible only when the mylar screen is very close
(< 3 mm) to the surface being tested. The meter will be held at the survey location for 9 seconds for a complete response.
+
An OVA will be used during all intrusive
activities
where methane
gas is anticipated
(i.e., landfills)
““‘1,
,)
TABLE
MONITORING
EQUIPMENT
11.3
*
AND FREQUENCY
Mercury
HNu
FOR SITE
Vapor
Combustible
Gas Meter(l)
Job Task
oIE+
Sediment/Surface
I&P
Well Installation
Aquatic/Ecological
Subsurface (Boring)
Groundwater
Non-intrusive
Radiation
Survey [email protected])
Badge
Water Sampling
Surface Soil Sampling
Monitoring
(CH 23181)
Drager Tube
48
C
Survey
I&D
Soil Sampling
C
Sampling
I&P
I
C
I
I&D
,...(.,
.(.,.,...,.,.,.,.,
.,:.,.:.,.:.,.:.:.
:::.:.;.v;:
:::.::::::.,.,.,_
:;: .(.(.,.,.,.,.,.,.,.,..
...... . .,.,.,.,..
_.,...,):.:
1& p
iId':.i'.:i.i::ij~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
C
C
b>>>>
.
.
.
.
.
.
.,.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
~:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.::::::
.i:i:I:I:::::::::.:::::~~~:~:~:~:~:::::::::~::'::~::::::::::::::::::::::::::::.:.:.
:-,.:-:':~.:.:":::::::.:..::::::::!:~.~.:;~~:~~:~:::~:~:::::~:
..
‘.
.‘.‘.:.~:.::.:.~~j:.~:.:.:.:.:...~~~,:~:~~:~:~:::~:~:::::::~~::~;~:::::
‘-‘.‘.“‘x:‘:‘~:‘,:
:
:
:‘:
:
:
:
:
y:.$.>>;.>>
~,~,~,)~‘,.“‘,,,,,,
:::~:.:.:iB:.:.:........
.'.
.
.
.
,,.,.,.,.,.,.,.,.,,,,,.
:.:.x.:
...L....
.. .. ........ .,.,.,.,:,:.:,:,:
‘:‘:.:‘:‘.r..:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.~.:.:.:.::::.:,:.::::::::.
:j.:::.:.:.:.‘):.:.~.:::
L’.‘i..Z...
,.,./,..
,. ,,,,,:::..:.i:.:.i:.:.:.,.,.,
“.‘.‘.‘.‘.‘.‘.‘.‘.......I...
..:...~A..>,.~.,.>
.,.,.,......i.,,.,.,.,
...,.,._,,.,..,,.,
...~...:.:.:..,:,:,
““‘.“:‘:‘:‘:‘:I’::“
...,....:.....i:.:.~.:.:.:.~.~.~.~,,.,.,.,,,
.......l.
.,........
.....(,...(,..;,:.
...
(....:::::.‘.
:..
:.:.:........../.....(.,.,.,.(.,.,..._
C
‘V’X’.‘.L.
.,.,......
__..
:.:.:
........:.:.:.:.:.:.::.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:
‘.‘.‘.‘.‘.‘...‘.
ix.:.:.:.::.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:;.:.:.:.:
~,~.~...,:,~.~:~:,:~:,:,.,:,,~:,:~~~
.....i.....
....,.,,
..
“.‘.‘.‘.‘.‘...‘.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
,.....
::;
,..:.:.:
.:.:I:::‘:.
:.:::::
.:.
:...
..,.
:.;
.
.
.
.
:.:.,.:(.:.,.:,~::::
“‘..‘..........-...:..:~~~
(.,.,.,.,(.,,,,,,,~,~()
~~
,\,,
‘.:...,.~.....:.:.:.:,:
.
.
.
.
>>:(.,.+
..(...,...,.,.,.,.(.,.,....,
.,.(.(
.,.. .,.,.,.,.,.,...,.,.,.,.,.,.,....
,,.(,,,,.(,,.,.,.,.,
:.:.~:.:I:.,...,...,.,.~,:~
.,..
,(.,_(.,.(.,.,.(.
I&P
C
C
.,.,.,..
...‘,‘A:.:.:.:.‘.:,>
,..a.
):,::‘:‘f:.:.:.>>~
i:i::‘~:~::‘~:i:i:i:i::::::::~~~~~.:,:,:,:~,.:.:.:.:~:::.:.:.~~~~~~~:
I
C
I
I&D
Geophysics
Surveying
Aquifer Test
I
P
C
D
=
=
=
=
Note:
Initially
Periodically
Continuously
Discretionary
-
As air concentrations
(1) Continuous
monitoring
Immediately
prior to start ofjob task to establish levels, confirming level of protection
When site condition or set-up changes or when a new area is entered
Monitor levels continuously
At the discretion of the SHSO
are measured,
is required
they should be documented.
when combustible
gas readings
In the case of continuous
monitoring
every 15 to 30 minutes.
are between 10% and 20%.
(2) The Victoreen Model 450 Radiation Survey Meter measures gamma radiation and detects the presence of beta and alpha particles
when the mylar screen is exposed. Alpha particle detection is possible only when the mylar screen is very close (< 3 mm) to the surface
being tested. The meter will be held at the survey location for 9 seconds until the instrument
responds
+
An OVA will be used during all intrusive
activities
where methane
gas is anticipated
(i.e., landfills)
“1
)
”‘,
)
TABLE
MONITORING
EQUIPMENT
Drager
11-4
AND FREQUENCY
Calorimetric
FOR SITE
69
Tubes(l)
HNu
Job Task
e
0;.
SedimentJSurface
Sampling
+
(6726061)
Vinyl
Chloride
(6726461)
(;e=i;i
(Phosphoric)
Acid Ester
(CH 23101)
Mercury
Vapor
Radiation
Survey
[email protected])
Combustible
Gas [email protected])
Water
Surveying
Non-intrusive
Geophysics
Aquatiflcological
Survey
Groundwater
(Hydropunch)
Sampling
Surface Soil Sampling
Monitoring
Installation
Well
(offsite)
Soil Boring Sampling
(offsite)
f
P
D
=
=
=
=
Note:
Continuously
Initially
Periodically
Discretionary
-
Monitor levels continuously
Immediately
prior to start of job task to establish levels, confiirming level of protection
When site condition or set-up changes or when a new area is entered
At the discretion of the SHSO
As air concentrations
are measured,
they should be documented.
In the case of continuous
monitoring
every 15 to 30 minutes.
(1) Dr&ger tubes to be used at this site are subject to change, based on site concerns.
(2) The Victoreen Model 450 Radiation Survey Meter measures gamma radiation and detects the presence of beta and alpha particles when
the m lar screen is ex sed. Alpha particle detection is possible only when the mylar screen is very close ( < 3 mm) to the surface being
teste d . The meter wil p”be held at the survey location for 9 seconds until the instrument
responds.
(3) Continuous monitoring
required when combustible gas readings are between 10% and 20%.
+ An OVA will be used during
all intrusive
activites
where methane
gas is anticipated
(i.e., landfills)
Combustible
Gas Meter
< 10% of the Lower Explosive Limit (LEL) = continue work
10% to 20% of the LEL* = continue work with extreme caution,
sparking tools
> 20% of the LEL* = stop work immediately
and consult PHSO
monitoring
is required until levels drop below this range.
0
l
a
*Continuous
Radiation
Survey Meter (Victoreen
Model 450)
Background (typically 0.02 to 0.04 mR/hr) to 0.5 mR/hr = Continue
0.5 mR/hr to 1 mR/hr = Continue work, monitor levels closely
> 1 mR/hr = Leave work area and consult PHSO
l
l
l
and use non-
work
Vapor Badge (Mercury)
l
The mercury vapor badge indicator works as a color change from tan to grey. A dark
grey indicates levels at or above the PEL, while a medium grey indicates levels at or
below the PEL. No color change should be interpreted
as a low concentration
of
mercury vapor. Interferences
include carbon monoxide; therefore, when conditions
indicate above normal levels of CO, the badge is rendered useless. Hence, smoking or
combustion equipment will not be permitted
within 25 feet of a vapor badge in use, at
any time.
l
Vapor badge is to be worn by personnel in the breathing zone (bz) at all times while
working at Site 48. Vapor badge is to be replaced daily, at a minimum.
11.2.2
Perimeter
Perimeter
Monitoring
monitoring
is defined as monitoring
and often at the “fenceline”.
are expected
monitoring
l
to be minimal.
required
Drliger
Therefore,
during
these types of investigative
it is anticipated
may be used periodically
any volatile
concentrations
l
Releases occurring
at borders beyond the Support Zone
activities
that the type and frequency
of
for each of the three sites will be as follows:
The OVA/HNu
documenting
performed
Tubes may be used periodically
when concentrations
as a means of
releases that may extend past the work zone when volatile
exceeding 5 ppm are detected at the breathing
Calorimetric
Refer to Tables
to scan the downwind perimeter
exceeding
11-1 through
the PEL/TLV
11-4 to determine
task by site.
40
zone.
to measure any potential
are detected
at the breathing
the specific tubes required
releases
zone.
for each
l
The Radiation
Survey Meter will be used to determine
if a radiation
level exceeding
It is not anticipated
Personal
The following
l
1mRJhr is detected.
that there will be a need for any additional
progresses, additions
11.3
a safe distance from the source,
to the scope of monitoring
monitoring.
will be investigated
However, as work
by the SHSO.
Monitoring
personal
monitoring
will be in effect on site:
Personal
exposure
according
to the work activities
progresses,
results,
monitoring,
additions
as outlined
in Section
and hazards
already
to the scope of monitoring
odor detection,
changing
Any or all of these conditions
11.2.1, should be sufficient
presented.
However,
as work
may be extended based on monitoring
work conditions
and signs or symptoms
will be immediately
investigated
of exposure.
and acted upon by the
SHSO.
11.4
Equipment
Procedures
Maintenance
for the return
and Calibration
of equipment
to inventory
shall be followed
in order to assure that the optimum
item.
using equipment
Personnel
reviewed
by the PHSO.
completed
Equipment
daily and entered
maintenance
and calibration
manufacturer
(included
for Administrative,
11.5
Monitoring
the Field
a field equipment
calibration
calibration
monitoring
is performed,
documentation
performing
each day, these values will be entered onto an air monitoring
and remain
for equipment
provided
Standard
by the
Operating
Manual.
of the results will be entered into
the monitoring.
file. A complete
and Safety Officer.
41
At the end of
log sheet. The log sheets will be
on site till the end of the field activities,
will become part of the permanent
the Project Health
of the SHSO will be
manual
or in Baker’s
Activities
for the
Documentation
Log Book of the SHSO or other personnel
placed in a binder
is maintained
log. Procedures
in the operating
Field, and Technical
of the equipment
usage form which will be
under the direction
into the equipment
can be found
level of operation
with each piece of equipment)
Procedures
As environmental
shall complete
and for maintenance
whereby the log sheets
copy of the log sheets will also be filed with
12.0
EMERGENCY
12.1
Pre-Emewency
All Navy/local
Planning
emergency
Department,
Security,
site mobilization
Manager.
PROCEDURES
response
Ambulance,
activities.
contacts
Hospital,
A description
l
Anticipated
l
Hazardous
l
Expected length of time on site.
0
Specific requirements
l
Confirmation
requested,
12.2
will be performed
chemicals
during
by the SHSO and/or Site
to be used on site.
the emergency
of emergency
response facilities
may require.
phone numbers.
where applicable,
Chemical/Material
will be established
and added to the HASP.
If
Safety Data Sheets will be provided at this time.
Coordinator
The SHSO acting as the Emergency
Coordinator
Emergency
Coordinator,
As the Emergency
Familiarizing
all on-site personnel
Coordinator’s
authority.
l
Identifying
l
Communicating
the nearest telephone
subcontractor
site emergency
is responsible
for field implementation
of the
specific duties include:
with the emergency
procedures
and the Emergency
in the event of an emergency.
procedures
and requirements
to all Baker
and
personnel.
l
Specifying
a backup/alternate
l
Controlling
activities
Coordinator
will be contacted
Fire
site hazards.
Emergency
l
Chief),
of site activities.
of contact,
Plan.
(Fire
discussed may include:
l
points
Coordinator
etc.) at Camp Lejeune
This notification
The information
Specific
(On-Scene
Emergency
of subcontractors
(Fire Chief) and Environmental
42
Coordinator.
and contacting
Management
the Navy
Department
On-Scene
(EMD).
0
Anticipating,
emergency
12.3
identifying
situations
and assessing, fires, explosions,
releases, and other
to the best of his/her abilities.
Communications
The primary
internal
communication
system will rely on direct communication
two-way radios) between site personnel.
located in the site trailer.
Emergency
Baker
telephone
Field
presented
*
chemical
communications
Refer to section 9.0 for an outline
numbers
will be place at strategic
etc.) throughout
the site.
will employ
of the Communication
locations
a telephone
Procedures.
(i.e., Baker Field Trailer,
The list of emergency
phone numbers
below.
Remaining
Note:
Vehicles,
External
(via verbal or
points of contact will be identified
prior to the start of activities.
When calling 911 on a non-base phone, ask emergency
call to Base 911 system and report emergency.
43
services operator to transfer
is
12.4
Assembly
Area
In the event of an emergency,
personnel
will
inappropriate,
an alternate
Assembly
l
First aid for injured
l
Decontamination
0
Communications.
and directions
If the trailer
by the Emergency
is
Coordinator
At this location,
emergency
personnel
material
Hospital
hospital
Route
route map showing the location
throughout
the site. Personnel
of the local hospitals
will be informed
will be posted at
of the location
of the map
to the hospital.
The following are directions
(refer to Figure 3):
to the Base Naval Hospital
Boulevard
(Building
1.
Proceed up Holcomb
2.
Turn left on to Brewster Boulevard
3.
Continue
on Brewster Boulevard
until intersecting
Hospital on right (approximately
0.75 miles).
4.
Proceed on driveway until intersecting
(north) approximately
1.
Leave Base through
2.
Take Highway
Continue
- left.
from Sites 6 and 9
2.25 miles.
with driveway
to Naval
with the Naval Hospital.
Hospital
(317 Western
Boulevard)
Main Gate.
24 east to Western Boulevard
on Western
NHlOO)
(west).
The following are directions to Onslow County Memorial
from Sites 48 and 69 (refer to Figure 3):
3.
zone.
If possible,
for evacuated personnel
Emewency
locations
area will be designated
Site Trailer.
such as:
a
strategic
assembly
the decontamination
from the site before the start of operations.
needs will be provided,
An emergency
will meet at the Baker
exit the work area through
in an upwind location
12.5
personnel
Boulevard
and turn left (north).
to the fifth stop light and Hospital
44
will be on the
FIGURE 3
EMERGENCY HOSPITAL ROUTE
SITES 6,9,48 and 69 .
MCB CAMP LEJEUNE
12.6
Emergency
Emergency
The
Medical
Treatment
Services
emergency
hospital
is the Naval
Base Hospital,
located
in Building
NHlOO,
phone no.: (919) 451-4551 (or 911) for Sites 6 and 9; and, Onslow County Memorial
317 Western
Boulevard
in Jacksonville,
North
Carolina
located at
at phone no.: (919) 577-2240
for
Sites 48 and 69.
Local ambulance
service is available
in emergency
Service (at 911) or from the City of Jacksonville
made with emergency
Phvsical
situations
at phone no.: (919) 455-9119.
personnel prior to the start of activities
Contact will be
(See Section 12.1).
Injury
If an employee
working
to be followed.
Depending
personnel
in a contaminated
he/she
area is physically
on the severity of the injury,
may be sought to stabilize
can be moved,
will
victims
be taken
aid and transported
Chemical
to an awaiting
injured,
emergency
for transport
first-aid
medical
procedures
are
response from base
to public hospitals.
If the employee
to the edge of the work area and decontaminated
necessary, (refer to section 10.2). Then, ifcircumstances
ambulance,
permit,
administered
or to a local emergency
emergency
medical
if
first
facility.
Injury
If the injury
procedures
l
from the Base Ambulance
to a worker
is chemical
in nature
(e.g., overexposure),
the following
first-aid
are to be instituted:
Eye Exposure
immediately
lifting
- If contaminated
solid or liquid
at the emergency
eyewash station
the lower and upper lids occasionally.
gets into the eyes, wash the eyes
using large amounts
Obtain
medical
attention
of water and
immediately.
Contact lenses will not be worn when working.
l
Skin Exposure
- If contaminated
contaminated
skin using
penetrate
through
soap or mild
the clothing,
using soap or mild detergent
solid or liquid
gets on the skin, promptly
detergent
and water.
remove the clothing
and water. Obtain
46
medical
immediately
attention
If solids
wash the
or liquids
and wash the skin
immediately.
Swallowing
l
the North
- If contaminated
Carolina
Duke Regional
make an unconscious
Breathing
l
has been swallowed
Poison Control
immediately
Center at l-800-672-1697.
contact
Do not
person vomit.
- If a person has difficulty
once. If breathing
breathing,
move the exposed person to fresh air at
has stopped, perform artificial
warm and at rest. Obtain
Snakebite
solid or liquid
medical
attention
respiration.
Keep the affected person
as soon as possible.
Injury
In the event of a snakebite
injury,
Look for signs and symptoms
the following
such as the characteristic
about a half inch apart, with surrounding
(which may or may not occur) including
Provide
treatment
procedures will be followed.
appearance
discoloration,
swelling,
of two small holes, usually
and pain. Systematic
signs
weakness, sweating, faintness, and signs of shock.
as follows:
1. Calm and reassure
the victim;
have the victim
sit in a comfortable
position
and remain
quiet.
2.
Keep the affected area below the level of the heart.
3.
Cool the bite area using an ice pack or similar
4.
Transport
victim
to the nearest medical
device. Take care not to induce frostbite.
facility
or contact an ambulance
to transport
the
victim.
5.
Provide
emergency
the emergency
medical
room at the hospital)
responder
(either
with all pertinent
the ambulance
information
bite occurred, the type of snake (if known), any known allergic
Inform
F--
the SHSO immediately
if a snakebite
has occurred.
PHSO, as soon as possible.
47
attendant
or the
such as: how long ago the
conditions
(if known), etc.
The SHSO will in turn, inform
the
If injuries
are not serious or life threatening,
site personnel
personnel
to the local medical
will be contacted
be provided
affected personnel
facility,
if necessary.
in the event of serious or multiple
with all available
information
regarding
may be transported
Emergency
injuries.
by other
medical
Medical
the nature of the incident
response
personnel
will
and chemicals
involved.
Decontamination
If on-site decontamination
will provide
employee
polyethylene
equipped
injured
employee
medical
personnel.
Instances
reported
sheeting
with appropriate
and will perform
requiring
treatment
medical
if possible.
protective
and ambulance.
equipment
decontamination
the Emergency
If necessary,
and clothing
a site
will accompany
under the supervision
aid” will be handled
Coordinator
at appropriate
the
of emergency
facilities
and
and PHSO within 24 hours.
emergency,
This is to prevent
Procedures
patients
are to be adequately
contamination
decontaminated
of the medical
transport
before
vehicle
and
PPE may accompany
the
facility.
At a minimum,
the patient
should have the following
l
Protective
outer clothing
l
Protective
boots
0
Protective
gloves
l
Other protective
If necessary,
injured
is not possible,
for a stretcher,
Decontamination
In the event of a medical
transfer,
employee(s)
beyond “first
to the Project Manager
Emergency
12.7
of injured
removed before transport:
equipment.
one of the site personnel
worker and perform
equipped
decontamination
with appropriate
with supervision
48
of medical personnel.
i
I-
12.8
Personal
PPE available
Protection
and First-Aid
for emergency
response will include the following:
l
Polyvinyl
chloride
l
Saranexe
suits
l
Tyveke
suits, polyethylene
0
Nitrile
gloves (inner and outer)
0
Neoprene
l
Face shields and goggles
.
SCBA
PPE, first-aid
Equipment
and neoprene boots
and nitrile
equipment,
coated and uncoated
gloves (outer)
and the first-aid
kits will be available
in the support
zone (i.e.,
Baker Field Vehicle or Baker Site Trailer).
Emergency
.-“I
and frst aid equipment
can be found at the following
locations:
Fire Extinguisher:
Baker Site Trailer
and Subcontractor
First aid kit:
Baker Site Trailer
and Baker Field Vehicle
Baker Site Trailer
and Baker Field Vehicle
Emergency
eye wash bottle:
With Personnel
Air Horn:
Portable
Emergency
Eye
Near Area With Greatest Potential
Wash Station:
12.9
report
Chemical
for
Splash/Exposure
Notification
If the Emergency
spill,
Field Vehicle
Coordinator
fire, or explosion,
their
Management
determine
findings
that the site has an uncontrolled
that could threaten
human
to the Fire Chief (Navy
Department
the appropriate
provide additional
determines
(EMR).
health
On-Scene
or the environment,
Coordinator)
The Fire Chief will then respond
action to be taken.
situation,
such as a
he/she will
and Environmental
to the incident
and
If necessary the Fire Chief may contact EMR to
services.
49
The notification
report will be made from the Baker Field Trailer
or other base locations
and
will include:
l
Description
l
Name and telephone
l
Location
l
Name and quantity
l
The extent of injuries,
l
The possible hazards to human health or the environment
l
Assistance
12.10
of incident
(e.g., release, fire).
number
of individual
reporting
the emergency.
of incident.
Hazard
of material
(s) involved.
and number of casualties.
and cleanup procedures.
that is requested.
Assessment
The Emergency
Coordinator
will assess possible hazards to human health or the environment
that may result from a chemical
best of his/her abilities,
release, fire, explosion,
incorporating
the following
or severe weather conditions
steps, as appropriate:
l
Assess the immediate
need to protect human health and safety.
l
Identify
the materials
involved
l
Identify
exposure and/or release pathways and the quantities
l
Determine
the potential
to the
in the incident.
effects of the exposure/release
of materials
involved.
and appropriate
safety
precautions.
l
Determine
if release of materials
for spills
under
Compensation,
l
Inform
asphyxiating
and Liability
appropriate
This assessment
explosion,
the RCRA
meets EPA requirements
or the Comprehensive
personnel
weather
as identified
conditions
gases that are generated
from water or chemical
Environmental
quantities
Response,
Act (CERCLA).
in Section 12.9.
will consider both the direct and indirect
or severe
for reportable
effects of the chemical
(e.g., the effects
of any toxic,
or the effects of any hazardous
agents used to control fire and heat-induced
50
release, fire,
.
irritating,
or
surface water runoff
explosions).
12.11
Security
During
activation
representative
of the Emergency
Plan,
the Emergency
will control access to the site and maintain
(Navy On-Scene Coordinator)
arrives.
The incident
Coordinator
an incident
or his designated
log until
the Fire Chief
log will include:
Time of entry.
Expected exit time.
Use of team or “buddy” system.
Task being performed.
Location of task.
Rescue and response equipment used.
Protective equipment being used.
0
l
l
0
l
l
l
12.12
Emergency
Personnel
Alerting
Injury
the Exclusion
in the Exclusion
Zone, the designated
blast shall be sounded.
(for Level
D or D+)
Manager
will evaluate
according
and/or
Exclusion
Zone until
C or higher).
10.2.
with the designated
an accident
of an injury
If required,
investigation
control
line
The rescue team will enter the
and assure that
medical
in
and/or one long airhorn
person to the hotline.
of the injury,
to Section
Upon notification
signal (verbal) warning
to remove the injured
the nature
Area):
shall assemble at the decontamination
or the CRZ (for Level
Zone (if required)
ambulance,
emergency
All site personnel
Exclusion
decontaminated
Zone (Work
contact
facility.
is performed
The SHSO and/or Site
the affected
person
will be made with
No persons
shall
reenter
is
an
the
by the SHSO and/or the Site
Manager.
Personnel
Support
the injury
operations
In.iury
Zone, the Site Manager
or loss of the injured
may continue.
signal (verbal)
personnel
until
in the SuD,port
warning
Zone (Clean Area):
Upon notification
of any injury
and SHSO will assess the nature of the injury.
person does not affect the performance
If the injury
will move to the support
If the cause of
of other site personnel,
increases the risk to others, the designated
and/or one long airhorn
emergency
blast shall be sounded, and all remaining
zone for further
the added risk is mitigated.
51
instructions.
in the
Activities
site
on site will stop
F-4..
c
Fire/Explosion:
signal
Upon notification
(verbal)
will report
warning
and/or one long airhorn
to the assembly
fire and security
on site, the designated
emergency
blast shall be sounded and all site personnel
area (for Level D or D + ) or the CRZ (for Level C or higher).
departments
from the involved
of a fire or explosion
will be alerted
area for further
and all personnel
instructions.
Activities
The
will move to a safe distance
will stop until
the added risk is
mitigated.
Personal
Protective
or alteration
Equipment
of protective
Failure:
equipment
If any site worker experiences
that affects the protection
buddy shall immediately
cease work activities,
the defective equipment.
Reentry
until
failure
factor, that person and his/her
leave the Exclusion
will not be permitted
difficulty,
Zone, and repair or replace
the equipment
has been repaired
or replaced.
Other
Equipment
Manager
Failure:
on site fails to operate properly,
and/or the Field Team Leader and SHSO shall be notified
this failure
on continuing
work with the equipment
.f-
If any other equipment
operations
on site. If the failure
will cease until
the situation
to determine
the Site
the effect of
affects the safety of site personnel,
is evaluated
and appropriate
actions
taken.
Accident/injury
All injuries
reports will be completed
resulting
in treatment
for any accidents
24 hours. Records on equipment
In all situations,
when an on-site
1.
2.
3.
4.
12.13
the injury.
emergency
failure will also be completed.
results
in evacuation
of the Exclusion
Zone,
shall not reenter until:
The
The
The
Site
conditions resulting in the emergency have been corrected.
hazards have been reassessed.
HASP has been reviewed and, if appropriate, modified.
personnel have been briefed on any changes in the HASP.
Training
Site personnel
training.
how minor
other than first aid will be reported to the Project Manager
and PHSO within
personnel
no matter
will be informed
The Emergency
or when elements
of the details
in the Emergency
Plan will be reviewed/rehearsed
of the plan change.
52
Plan during
by site personnel
initial
HASP
at least monthly
13.0
SPILL
CONTAINMENT
PROCEDURES
In the event that a spill (incidental
during
the implementation
of field activities,
additional
migration
procedures
will be dependent
affected.
Potential
material/pads,
containment
hazardous
obstructions.
release) of hazardous
of contaminants
then
removal
materials
substances
Appropriate
Coordinator/Commander
spill containment
through
procedures
will be located
in a manner
spilled
within
close proximity
will be notified,
Personnel
to prevent the
spill
containment
and the type of environment
with absorbent/adsorbent
of the contaminated
such that the pathway
Navy Activity
Specific
may include diking
or containment
oil, etc.) occurs
will be utilized
the site area.
on the type of materials
spill containment
substances (gasoline,
to the storage
remains
including
materials.
accessible
Spill
area of the
and free of
Navy/Marine
Corps On-Scene
additional
measures beyond
should a spill require
those already discussed.
Note:
The amount
to be minimal.
and/or concentration
Therefore,
of the hazardous
extensive
spill
implemented.
,-h
53
substances on this site is expected
containment
procedures
will
not be
14.0
WASTE
HANDLING
The protocols
outlined
contaminated
materials
could endanger
handling,
public
containment,
PROCEDURES
in the FSAP for the handling,
packaging,
must be followed to: (1) minimize
health;
and (2) limit
the potential
storage, and transportation
54
storing,
and disposing
of
the risk of off-site exposures that
for liabilities
of contaminated
materials.
associated
with
DECLARATION
15.0
All site personnel
Plan.
OF HASP
indicated
Site personnel
REVIEW
below, have reviewed and are familiar
were briefed
on the contents
with this Health
of this HASP
on
a.m./p.m.
1.
(Name-Print)
Ompany)
(Name-Sign)
(Date)
2.
(Name-Print)
(Company)
(Name-Sign)
(Date)
(Name-Print)
Company)
(Name-Sign)
(Date)
(Name-Print)
Company)
(Name-Sign)
(Date)
(Name-Print)
Eompany)
(Name-Sign)
(Date)
3.
4.
5.
6.
(Name-Print)
(Company)
(Date)
(Name-Sign)
55
and Safety
at
Declaration
of Health
and Safety Plan Review (Cont’d)
n
(Name-Print)
(Company)
(Date)
(Name-Sign)
8.
(Name-Print)
(Company)
(Name-Sign)
(Date)
9.
(Name-Print)
(Company)
(Date)
(Name-Sign)
(Name-Print)
(Company)
(Name-Sign)
(Date)
(Name-Print)
(Company)
(Date)
(Name-Sign)
(Name-Print)
(Company)
(Name-Sign)
(Date)
(Name-Print)
Khmpany)
(Name-Sign)
(Date)
13.
.
n
f-
56
.
Declaration
of Health
and Safety Plan Review (Cont’d)
14.
(Name-Print)
Ompany)
(Name-Sign)
(Date)
(Name-Print)
Company)
(Name-Sign)
(Date)
15.
16.
(Name-Print)
(Company)
(Name-Sign)
(Date)
U-hqany)
(Name-Print)
(Date)
(Name-Sign)
HASP Amendment
Briefings:
A.M.fP.M.
57
:
.
Medical
Surveillance
Attachment
A
Testing Parameters
ATTACHMENT
MEDICAL
Group I - Individuals
l
l
l
l
0
l
l
a
l
l
BASELINE
TESTING
PARAMETERS*
Rarely in the Field ( < 10 days/year)
Medical History and Physical
EyeExam
EKG (baseline and for individuals
CBC with differential
Group II - Individuals
l
SURVEILLANCE
A
Occasionally
over 40 yrs.)
in the Field (IO-30 days/year)
Medical History and Physical
Eye Exam
EKG (baseline and for individuals
over 40 yrs.)
Chest X-ray (baseline then every 5 years)
Spirometry
CBC with differential
SMA 12 or 26 (liver enzyme scan)
Group III - Individuals
Frequently
in the Field (> 30 days/year)
Medical History and Physical
Eye Exam
EKG (baseline and for individuals
over 40 years)
Audiometry
Chest X-ray (baseline then every 3 years))
Spirometry
CBC with differential
SMA 12 or 26 (liver enzyme scan)
Urinalysis
(glucose scan)
Specific Blood and Urine Tests (dependent on field exposure)
Group III with Asbestos - Individuals
l
Group III testing
Group IV - Individuals
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
*
**
frequently
in the Field and also associated with asbestos
with the Asbestos Medical
Questionnaire
associated with Asbestos
Medical history and physical
Eye Exam
Chest X-ray (baseline then every 5 years)
Pulmonary
Function Test (FVC1.o and FEVl.0)
Urinalysis
Audiometry
Asbestos Medical Questionnaire
The attending physician has the right to reduce or expand the medical
annual basis as he/she deems necessary.
Rare and expensive - to be performed only for individuals
identified
physician as being chronically exposed to organic compounds.
monitoring
on an
by the attending
OSHA’ Training
;fl--
History
Attachment
B
6f Project Personnel
ATTACHMENT
OSHA
TRAINING
HISTORY
OF BAKER
B
PROJECT
PERSONNEL*
Training
Status
3arbara Cummings
Officer/Field
Team
8-hr. refresher completed:
First Aid Training: 10190
l
l
l
0
l
Matthew Bartman
l
Environmental
Scientist
0
l
l
0
l
Ken Martin
l
Environmental
Scientist
l
l
l
l
l
l
*
Training
history for contractor
NA - Not Applicable
personnel
03192
03192
8-hr. refresher completed:
First Aid/CPR Training:
11191
Medical surveillance:
Yes
40&r. training completed:
08/87
Supervisory training:
No
8-hr. refresher completed:
04/92
First AWCPR Training:
No
Medical surveillance:
Yes
40-hr. training completed:
03189
Supervisory training:
Yes
8-hr. refresher completed:
05192
First Aid Training: 1 l/90
CPRTraining:
12/91
Medical surveillance:
Yes
will be attached.
,
ATTACHMENT
OSHA
TRAINING
Anticipated
Personnel
Michael
Smith
HISTORY
l
OF BAKER
B
PROJECT
Site Activities
Phase I
Environmental
Scientist
Training
l
0
l
l
l
Thomas Trebilcock
l
Environmental
Scientist
0
l
l
l
l
*
Training
history for contractor
NA - Not Applicable
personnel
PERSONNEL*
Status
40-hr. training completed:
09/91
Supervisory training:
Yes
8-hr. refresher completed:
NA
First Aid/CPR Training:
No
Medical surveillance:
Yes
40-hr. training completed:
06192
Supervisory training:
No
8-hr. refresher completed:
NA
First AWCPR Training:
07/92
Medical Surveillance:
Yes
will be attached.
Chemical
A
Attachment
C
Safety’Data Sheets
‘.
1Material Sufefy Dutu Sheets Collection:
L
v--
-4
Genium Publishing
Corporation
1145 catalytl street
Schenectady, NY 12303-1836USA
(518) 377-8854
Sheet No. 332
Tricresyl Phosphate
1Issued: IV77
_
d--.
.
Revision: B, 880
NFPAt
1
Tricresyl Phosphate [(C C,H ,POJ Descrfptlon: Exists in three isomeric forms: ortho, me&s. para. The commercial
R
I
4
product is a mixture of the%rr’ ee omts with as little of the highly toxic ortho-isomer as possible. The meta- and pora1
isomers are re!arively inactive. Although the three symmetrical isomers are difficult and costly to separate, tricresyl
ii
:*
2
0
.
skin
phosphate should contain no more than 3% ocreaol. Trinesyl phosphate is derived from cresol snd phosphorus oxychloride, phosphoric acid. or pentachloride. Used as a plasticizer for chlorinated rubber. vinyl plastics, and polystyrene,
absofption 43
t Trionhocrepolyacrylic. and polymethacrylic esters; as a solvent and binder in nitrocclhtlosc and various natural resins to improve
ayl phosphate
toughness, elasticity, and Polishing p0peTtie.s of coatings; as an additive to synthetic lubricants and gasoline (to counteract
the harmful effects of lead deposits); as an adjuvant in milling of pigment pastes; as an hydraulic fluid and a fue retardant:
PY
and in phenol recovery in coke-oven waste waters.
Other Designatiottst CAS No. 1330-78-5; Celluflex’; Kronitex ‘; LindoP; phosphoric acid, tritolyl ute~ TCP; txitolyl
ii A
phosphate.
PPCt.
Triortbocresyl
Phosphate [(CH,C~H,JPO,]:
CAS No. 0078-30-8. onesyl phosphate+ TOCP. tricresyl phosphate, tri 2$SCC.b
methylphenyl phosphate.
Manufacturer:
Contact your supplier or distributor. Consult the latest Chemicalweek Buyus’ G&J%“) for a suppliers fist
Cautions: This very toxic onho-isomer is excluded from TCP as much as possible. TOCP is poisonous by ingestion and skin
penenation.
TCP is combustible when exposed to heat or flame.
.,
I~~~~~~~~~S:~~
~~~~ii~~~~~~
.;
;
$&+j
.I;~~~~~~~~~~~~,~~~~~.~~
... .:.... .... . : . : :_. / : _i
Tricresyl phosphate (iiomeric mixture), ca 95%
198990 ACCM TLV
1988 MOSH REL
1985-86 Toxicity Data*
1989 OSHA PEL
None established
None established
None established
Rabbit, eye: 500 mg administered for 24 hr produces mild
irritation
Woman, oral, TD,: 70 mglkg ingested over 14 days
produces flaccid paralysis without anesthesia. changes in
motor activity, and muscle weakness
Triorthocresyl phosphatet
1989-90 ACGM
(Skin)
1988 NIOSH REL
1985-86 Toxicity Data$
1989 OSHA PEL (Skin)
TLV-TWA:
0.1 mg/ms
None established
84~1 TWA: 0.1 mg/m’
Rabbit oral, LD,: 100 mg/kg ingested produces behavioral (muscle weakness); gastrointestinal (hypermotility,
1987 IDLH Level
diarrhea); and kidney. ureter, bladder (interstitial nephri40 mg/m’
tis)
* See NIOSH. R7ZC.Y(TM175ooO). for ddidcmd
iniudve.
qahctivc.
and toxicity
dua.
t Orfho-c~syl
isomer contcn~ ir 1% mu of rhe twlerv.syl isaner content of Mole
and SW-O-AD”
esters.
$ See NIOSH. RTECS ~5OCWO).
for rdditional
toxicity
data.
CttM&!K
Boiling Point: 510 ‘F (265 ‘C)* at 10 mm Hg
770 ‘F (410 ‘C)t at 760 mm Hg
Melting Point: -13 ‘F (-25 ‘C)t
Vapor Pressure: 10 mm Hg (1.33 lo’ Pa) at 198 ‘CT
Appearance and Odor: Pale yellow to colorless, oily, odorless liquid.
* Tricresyi phosphate
t TrionhocresyI phospha~
l
Vapor Density (Air = 1): 12.7
Weight: 368.4
Specifk Gnrvity : 1.16 to 1.18
Water Solubility: Sparingly soluble
Molecular
437 ‘F (225 ‘C)t
I
Extinguishing Media: Use CO, or dry chemical to fight fire.
Unusual Fire or Explosion Hazards: Tticresyl phosphate is combustible when exposed to heat or flame. However, the high flash point reduces
its fiie hazard, and it tends to stop burning
when the ignition source is removed.
Special Fire-fighting Procedures: Since fm may produce toxic fumes. wear a selfcontained breathing apparatus (SCBA) with a full facepiece
operated in the pressure-demand or positive-pressure mode and a fully encapsulating suit Fight fue at a maximum
distance. Remove TCP
containers from fire area if you can do it without risk. Be aware of runoff from fue control methods. Do not release to sewers or waterways.
Tricresyl phosphate
l
StabilityiPul~meriztion:
Triaesyl phosphate is stable at room temperature
in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditior.&.
It hydrolyzes :lowly at room temperature under wet alkaline conditions. Hazardous polymerization cannot occur.
Chemical Incompatibiiitles:
Trinesyl phosphate can react with oxidizing materials, especially when heated. TCP is inert to common metals.
Hazardous Products of Decomposition: Thermal oxidative decomposition of tricresyl phosphate can emit highly toxic fume of phosphorus.
oxides (PO 1.
Chronic Effects: The gastr+ntestinal sym~oms may ofte? pass unobserved during a sometimes prolonged latent Period. Since TCP
s&sc,
a fall m cholmestaase IS an mportant warrung sign.
inhibits
Eyes: Flush immediately, including under the eyelids, gently but thoroughly with flooding amounts of runnin water for at least 15 min.
Skin: QvicWy remove contaminated clothing. After rinsi
affected skin ~lth flooding mounts of water, wasi thoroughly with soap and water.
Get medical attention.
Inhalation: Remove exposed person to fresh air and support brea * as needed.
In estion: Never give anything
mouth to an unconscious or convu
Y* trig d;“”
If ingested induce. vomiting.
A Pter first aid, get appropriate % -plant, paramedic, or community me cal support.
PhygiFian’s Note: Consider ga+c lavage if ptients are comatose.or at risk of convulsing. Since prolonged diarrhea may occur, avoid cathartic
adrnu$ration.
Avoid admirusuahon of atropne and 2-PAM chloride (protopam)
since these agents are meffective. If a worker is diagnosed for
chrome poisoning, remove from exposure and treat for polyneuritis. Experimental cholinesterase reacdvators used for therapeutic use m TCP
poisoning show encouraging results. Observe all exposures for delayed paiphaal neuropathies, particularly the axonal type.
S UVLeak: Notify safe personnel, evacuate all u~ecesstry
personnel., remove all heat and ignition sources, and provide adequate ventilation.
CPeanup personnel sho L?d protect against skin eontact and vapor inhalation. Absorb
ill with sand or other noncombustiile, absorbent material
and place into containers for later disposal. With n clean shovel, place spilled materr 3. mto cleq dry containers with covers for later disposal.
Follow applicable OSHA regulations (29 CFP. 1910.120).
Disposal: Contact your supplier M a licensed contlactor for detailed ~ecomrnendations. Follow applicable Federal, state, and local regulations.
EPA Designations
RCRA Hazardous Waste (40 CFR 261.33): Not listed
CERCLA Hazardous substance (40 CFR 302.4): Not listed
SARA Extremely Hazardous Substance (40 CFR 355): Not listed
SARA Toxic Chemical (40 CFR 372.65): NOL listed
OSHA Designations
Air Con&ant
(29 CFR 1910.1000. Subpart Z): Not listed
s~~~ii~s,,l’~~~~~::~~-~:~~~~~~~~~:~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
.,.> .: .,...,. :.:.F,.
..,.,. :.: .,..... . .
.: ../.....: . ...: . . . . . . > . . . . . . > ,.,...: :.: . . . . . . . :.:.:.:.~:.:.:.:.:.~:.~:.:.:.~.~:...~:.:.:.:.:.;,~.:.:.~.:.:.:~.~.:.:.:.:.~
. . . . i;.:.:‘,....
i:...: . . . . . . /...,. . . . . . . . . .,...,.,\,,.i_~
-.
_.i. :: y.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.~~:.~:.:
:.:.:I:.:.:.:.:...:.:.;:.:.:.:.;
..:.:.:.:.:~,~.~.~.:.:.:.:~.:.:.:?,:,.~.:.~:.:.:.:.:.~.:.:.:.~:.:.~
.. .... ... ... ... . ... .... .... ... .. ..
Goggles: Wear rotective eyeglasses or chemical safe
o 1s. per OSHA eye- and face-protection regulations (29 CFR 1910.133).
Respirator: Fo I?ow OSHA respirator regulations (29 t?imJ 10.134) and, if necessary. wear a NIOSH-approved respirator. For emergency or
nonroutine operations (cleaning spills, reactor vesseLs. or storage tanks). wear an SCBA. Wuming! Air-pwifiing
rapimtors do mtprotecr worker.
in oxygen-defirient atmospheres.
Other: Wear impervious gloves, boots, aprons, and gauntlets to prevent skin mntac~
Neoprene and Buna-N are TCP resistant
Ventilation: Provide general and local explosion-proof ventilation systems to maintain airborne concentrations below the OSHA PEL and ACGM
TLV (Sec. 2). Local exhaust ventilation is preferred since it prevents contaminant dispersion into the work area by controlling it at its s~urce.t~“~)
Safety Stations: Make available in the work,urea emergency eyewash stations, safety/quick-drench showers, and washing facilities.
Contaminated Equipment: Neva wear contact lenses in the work areas soft lenses may absorb, and all lenses concentrate, ixiitants. Remove this
material from our shoes and equipment Launda contaminated clothing before wearing.
Comments: J ever eaL drink, or smoke in work areas. Practice good personal hygiene after using this material, especially before eating. drinking,
smoking, using the toilet, or applying cosmetics.
~S~~~o~(Si“.“$~~~~:~~~~~~~~~:~~~:~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
.....,.....
...i.__,L.,.........,.,.,.”
.~~.~~.~.~.~.........~~~.~.~.~.....~
_i.,.i___../.,.,,
./_.
.ii......,..
....i./..i...i.................
._............ ..I.... .........._.........,.,.
........_
$i...\.,...,...,...i,.,.,.....
...... .. ,.. :.:.. I ....! i. ,. .. ..::::i ..-.......Li ..,..
.I/../..i.,...........i.
.i..... /........L..
....I..I./.........i,
Transportation
Data (49 CFR 172.102)
IMO Shipping Name: Tricresylphosphate, with more than 3% orfbisomer
IMO Hazard Clasx 6.1
wo Label: Poison
IDG Packagine Grout:
n
Genium
Publishing
material Safety Data Sheets Collection:
Corporation
1145 Catalyn Street
Schenectady, NY 12303-1836 USA
I-
Sheet No. 469
FueI Oil No. 2
(518) 377-8854
IIssued:
10/8 1
Revision: A, 1 l/90
Section Xc Mater&l Identification
Fuel 011 No. 2 Description: A mixture of petmieum hydrocarbons; a distillate of low sulfur u&w.
Fuel oil no. 2
R
resembles kerosine. Used as a general-purpose domestic or commercial fuel in atomizing-type burners; as a fuel for trucks, I
ships and other automotive engines; as mosquito control (coating on breeding waters); and for drilling muds.
ii
Other Deslgnatlons: CAS No. 68476-30-2, diesel oil.
Manufacturer:
Contact your supplier or distributor. Consult the latest Chemicufweek Buyers’ GuidP)
for a suppliers list.
Cautions: Fuel oil No. 2 is a skin irritant and central nervous system depressant with
hazard and a dangerous fiie hazard when exposed to heat, flame, or oxidizers.
high
33
1
-
NFPA
;
0
r&t concentrations. [t is an envhonmenta)
2
0
@
HMIS
H 0
F 2
did
’ Sec. 8
..
1989 OSHA PEL
None established
1990-91 ACGM TLV
None established
1988 MOSH REL
None established
1985-86 Toxicity Datat
Rat oral, LD,: 9 gfkg; produces gastrointestinal effects
(hypetmotility, diarrhea)
* A complex mixture (45%) of paraffink olefink =phthenic, and aromatic hydrocarbons; sulfur content (~0.5%); ad benzene (< 100 ppm). [A 10~ benzene level
reduces carcinogenic risk Fuel oils can be exempted under the benzene standard (29 CFR 19tO.ltY28)].
t Monitor MOSH, RTECS ([email protected]), for future toxicity data.
Section-3;
.. . /[email protected]@: .. ::....:.I ::.:
--
..
.,
Boiling Point Range: 363 to 634 ‘F (184 to 334 ‘C)
Viscosity: 268 ccntistoke at 100 ‘F (37.8 ‘C)
Specific Gravity: 0.8654 at 59 ‘F (15 ‘C)
Appearance and Odor: Brown, slightly viscous liquid.
.. :.:. .. .I,.,:;.::::::...
Water SolubiPyl’.~~ir;s~iuble
Pour Point:* ~21 ‘F (-6 ‘C)
*Pour point is the lowest temperature at which a liquid flows from an inverted test container.
Section.4. Fire&rid E&[email protected]+itirijlgta~
....: I
:
..
; ::
1 Autoignition Temperature:
494 ‘F (2&C)
1 LEL: 0.6% v/v
Flash Point: 100 ‘F (38°C) min.
UEL: 7.5% v/v
Extinguishing Media: Use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, foam, water fog or spray. Do not use a forced water spray directly on burning oil since
this scattern the fii. Use a smothering technique to extinguish tire.
Unusual Fire or Explosion Hazards: Vapors may travel to an ignition souse and flash back. This fuel oil’s volatility is similar to gasolinc’s.
Special Fire-fighting Procedures: Isolate hazard area and deny entry. Since fire may produce toxic fumes, wear a self-conwined breathing
apparatus (SCBA) with a full facepiece operated in pressure-demand or positive-pressure mode and full protective clothing. If feasible, remove
containers from tire. Be aware of runoff from fiie control methods. Do not &ease to sewers or waterways due to health and fire or explosion
Section 5. ~~t$c~i;i;ity [email protected]
..
StabUity/Polymerization:
Fuel oil no. 2 is stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions. Hazardous polymerization cannot occur.
Chemical Incompatibilities:
Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents; heating greatly increases fm hazard.
Conditions to Avoid: Avoid heat and ignition sources.
Hazardous Products of Decomposition: Thermal oxidative decomposition of fuel oil no. 2 yields various hydrocarbons and hydrocarbon
derivatives and partial oxidation products including carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and sulfur dioxide.
No. 469
Fuel Oil No. 2
Section 6. Health
11190
Hazard Data
eated skin contact may
y on arms and legs.
JMedicai Conditions A gravated by Len -Term Exposure: None reported.
Target Organs: Ccntra pi nervous system (E NS), skin, and mucous membranes.
Prlrnar Entry Routes: Inhalation. ingestion.
Acute E ffects: Systemic effects fmm ingestion include gastrointestinal (91) irritation, vomiting,diarrhea, and, in severe cases, CNS de ression,
progressing to coma and death. Inhalation of aerosol or mists may result rn Increased rate of resptration, tachycardia (excessively rapid Keart
beat), and c anosis (dark purplish coloration of the skin and mucous membranes caused by deficient blood oxygenation).
Chronic E x ects: Repeated contact with the skin causes dermatitis.
FIRST AID
Eyes: Gently lift the eyelids and flush immediately and continuously with flooding amounts of water until iransported to an emergency medical
facility. Consult a physician immediately.
Skin: Quickly remove contaminated ciothin . Rinse with floodin amounts of water for at least 15 mm. If large areas of the body are exposed or
if irritation persists. get medical help imme f flately. Wash affect et area with soap and water.
Inhalation: Remove exposed person to fresh air and support breathin as needed.
Ingestion: Never give anythia by mouth to an unconscious or convu i. mg person. If ingested, do not induce vomirirtg due to aspiration hazard.
Contact a physician immediate f y,
After first aid, get ap roprlate In-plant, paramedic, or community medical support.
Note to Physicians: cpastrtc iavage rs contraindicated due to aspiration hazard. Preferred antidotes are charcoal and milk. In cases of severe
aspiration pneumonitis, consider monitoring arterial blood gases to ensure adequate ventilation. Observe the patient for 6 hr. If vital signs become
abnormal or symptoms develop, obtain a chest x-ray.
S&ion
7. Spill, Leak, and Disposal’ Procedures
Notify safety personnel,
t& or disposal. Do not release to sewers o’r wat&ways due to health and fire and& explosion hazard. Follow applicable OSHA regulations (29
CFR 19 10.120). Fuel oil no. 2 is an environmental hazard. Report large spills.
Disposal:
Disposal:
Contact your supplier or a licensed contractor for detailed recommendations. Follow applicable Federal, state, and local regulations.
EPA Designations
Listed as a RCRA Hazardous Waste (40 CFR 261.21): Ignitable waste
CERCLA Hazardous Substance (40 CFR 302.4): Not listed
SARA Extremely Hazardous Substance (40 CFR 355): Not listed
\RA Toxic Chemical (40 CFR 372.65): Not listed
JSHA Designations
Air Contaminant 129 CFR 1910.1ooO. Subnart Z): Not listed
,
.
Section 8, Specia! [email protected]@~:D,&>
..,
I
:
c.::;;+.;~:::::,;--..‘::i..li,,:al~.i~:ii~~~~:iii~:(;l:i:‘j.:~~:~~~-i~.;.::i:i:~~~i,,~:
.-:.,.:.i$$.:; ;.+:_I.:... .:,j.,,IIj. --,Iy j I :::;jj !;‘is,F
Goggles: Wear protective eye lasses or chemical safety goggles, per OSHA eye- and face-protection regulations (29 CFR 1910.133).
Respirator: Seek rofessiona Padvice prior to respirator selection and use. Follow OSHA respirator regulations (29 CFR 1910.134) and, if necessary, use a NIOS HP-approved respirator with mist filter and organic vapor cartridge. For emergency or nonroutine operations (cleaning spills,
reactor vessels, or storage tanks), wear an SCBA. Warnin ! Air-purifying respirators do not protect workers in oxygen-deficient atmospheres.
Other: Wear tmpervious gloves, boots, aprons, and gaun d ets to prevent skin contact.
Ventilation: Provide eneral and local expiosron- roof ventilation systems to maintain airborne concentrations that promote worker safety and
mductivity. Local ex?Iaust ventilation is preferre 8. smce it prevents contaminant dispersion into the work area by contmllmg it at its source.(r”n
g:afety Stations: Make available in the work area emergency eyewash stations, safety/quick-drench showers, and washing facilities.
Contaminated Equipment: Never wear contact lenses in the work area: soft lenses may absorb, and all lenses concentrate, i&ants. Remove this
matcriai from your shoes and equipment Launder contaminated clothing before wearing.
Comments: Never eaf drink, or smoke in work areas. Practice good personal hygiene after using this material, especially before eating, drinking,
smoking, using the toilet, or applying cosmetics.
wear gloves or use barrier cream.
Transportation
Data (49 CFR 172.101)
DOT Shipping Name: Fuel oil
DOT Hazard Class: Combustible liquid
ID No.: NA.1993
DOT Label: None
DOT Packaging Exceptions: 173.118a
‘OT Packaging Requirements: None
MSDS Collection References: I, 6,7, 12,73,84, 103, 126, 127, 132, 133, 136. 143
Prepared by: MJ Allison, OS; Industrial Hygiene Review: DJ Wilson, CIH; Mcdlcal Review: W Silverman. MD; Edited by: iR Stuart, MS
._ .
__
.
Material Safety Data Sheets Collection:
Genium
6
p
Publishing
Corporation
1145 Catalyn Street
Schenectady, NY 12303-1836
(518) 377-8854
USA
Sheet No. 467
Automotive
Gasoline,
Issued: IO/8 1
Lead-free
Revision:
A, 9/9 1
paraffins, cycloparaffiis, olefms, &hthe&s.
and aromatics. In genera&-gasoline is produced from pe-troleum, shale oil,
5 ;*
p.
Athabssca tar sands, and coal, Motor gasolines are made chiefly by cracking pmce.sses. which convert heavier petroleum
fractions into more volatile fractions by thermal or catalytic decomposition. Widely used as fuel in internal combustion
fSs,,”
_
engines of the spark-ignited, reciprocating type. Automotive gasoline has an octane number of approximately 90. A high
absorption 49
content of aromatic hydrocarbons and a consequent high toxicity are also associated with a high octane rating. Some
HMIS
H 2
gasolines sold in the US contain a minor proportion of tetraethyllead, which is added in concentrations not exceeding 3 ml
per gallon to prevent engine “knock.” However, methyl-tert-butyl ether (MTBE) has almost completely replaced
L :
tewaethyllead.
Pm
Other Designations: CAS No. 8006-61-9, benzin, gasoline, gasolene, motor spirits, natural gasoline, petrol.
tSec.8
Manufacturer:
Contact your supplier or distributor. Consult latest ChemicalWeekBuyers’Guide” for a suppliers list
Cautions: Inhalation of automotive gasoline vapors can cause intense burning in throat and lungs, central nervous system (CNS)
depression+ and possible fatal pulmonary edema. Gasoline is a dangerous fire. and explosion hazard when exnosed to heat and flames.
Automotive gasoline, lead-free*
1990 OSHA PELs
8-hr TWA: 300 ppm, 900 mg/m3
15-min STEL: 500 ppm. 1500 mg/m’
1990-91 ACGIH TLVs
TWA: 300 ppm, 890 mg/m’
STEL: 500 ppm, 1480 mg/m’
1990 NIOSH REL
None established
1985-86 Toxicity Data*
Man, inhalation, TC,: 900 ppm/l tn, toxic effects include sense
organsand special senses (conjunctiva irritation), behavioral
(hallucinations, distorted perceptions), lungs, thorax, or
respiration (cough)
Human, eye: 140 ppm18 hr; toxic effects include mild irritation
Rat, inhalation, LCsa: 300 g/m’/5 min
* A typical modem gasoline composition is 80% paraffins, 14% aromatics, and 6% olefins. The mean benzene cootent is approximately 1%. Other additives include
sulfur, Dhosphorus. and MTJ3E.
t See~fiIOS’H,R’&S (LX33COOOO),for additional toxicity data.
Boiling Point: Initially, 102 “F (39 ‘C); after 10% distilled, 140 “F
(60 ‘C); after 50% distilled, 230 ‘F (110 “C); after 90% distilled,
338 ‘F (170 ‘C); final boiling point, 399 “F (204 “C)
Vapor Density (air = 1): 3.0 to 4.0
Appearance
Density/Specific Gravity: 0.72 to 0.76 at 60 ‘F (15.6 ‘C)
Water Solubility: Insoluble
and Odor: A clear (gasoline may be colored with dye), mobile liquid with a characteristic odor recognizable
at about 10 ppm in air.
/ Autolgnitlon Temperature:
536 to 853 ‘F (280 to 456 ‘C) ( LEL: 1.3% v/v
( UEL: 6.0% v/v
Extinguishing Media: Use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or alcohol foam as extinguishing media. Use of water may be ineffective to extinguish
fm, but use water spray to knock down vapors and to cool fire-exposed drums and tanks to prevent pressure rupture. Do not use a solid stream of
water since it may spread the fuel.
Unusual Fire or Explosion Hazards: Automobile gasoline is an OSHA Class IB flammable liquid and a dangerous fire and explosion hazard
when exposed to heat and flames. Vapors can flow to an ignition source and flash back. Automobile gasoline can also react violently with
oxidizing agents.
Special Fire-fighting Procedures: Isolate. hazard area and deny entry. Since fire may produce toxic fumes, wear a self-contained breathing
apparatus @CBA) with a full facepiece operated in pressure-demand or positive-pressure mode, and full protective clothing. When the fire is
extinguished, use nonsparking tools for cleanup. Be aware of runoff from fiie control methods. Do not release to Sewers or waterways.
~~~i~~~~,~~~,~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
::::y::.:.::.:.:.>:
.....i.:.:.:.:.:...
.2’.>
,.,.,.
..,.........
>..i,.,.i,.,.
../._..
Stability/Polymerization:
Automotive gasoline is stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Hazardous polymerization cannot occur.
Chemical Incompatibilities:
Automotive gasoline can react with oxidizing materials such as peroxides, nitric acid, and perchlorates.
Conditions to Avoid: Avoid heat and ignition sources.
Hazardous Products of Decomposition: Thermal oxidative decomposition of automotive gasoline can produce oxides of carbon and partially
oxidized hydrocarbons.
No. 467
Automotive
Gasoline, Lead-free
9/9 1
line as a possible human carcinogen {Group 2B). A
evaluation to asoline, it hasnot assigned an overall evaluation to specific substances withm this group (inade$.tate human evident:)..- - ------Summary of w isks: Gasohne vapors are considered moderately otsonous. Vapor inhalation can cause central nervous system (CNS) depression
and mucous membrane and respuatory.tract imtation. Brief inh & ahons of high concennations can cause a fatal pulmon
edema. Reported
responses to gasoline vapor concentrattons are: 160 to 270 ppm causes eye and throat irritation in several hours; 500 to 955 ppm causes eye, nose,
and throat
irritation, and dizzmess m 1 hr; and 2000 ppm produces mtld anesthesia in 30 min. Hi her concentrations are intoxicating in 4 to 10
minutes. If lar e areas of skin are exposed to gasoline, toxic amounts may be absorbed. Repeat J or prolonged skin exposure causes dermatitis.
Certain indivi f uals may develop hypersensitivity. Ingestion can cause CNS depression. Pulmonary aspiration after ingestion can cause severe
neumonitis. In adults, ingestion of 20 to 50 gasoline may produce severe symptoms of poisoning.
R edical Conditions Aggravated by Long- # erm Exposure: None reported.
and passive congestion of spleen.
Chronic Effects: Chronic inhalation results in a petite loss, nausea, weight loss, insomnia, and unusual sensitivity (hyperesthesia) of the distal
extremities followed by motor weakness, muscu Par degeneration, and diminished tendon reflexes and coordination. Repeated skin exposure can
cause blistering, drying, and lesions.
FIRST AID
Eyes: Gently lift the eyelids and flush immediately and continuously with flooding amounts of water until transported to an emergency medical
facilitv. Consult a DhVSiCiaII immediatelv.
SkIn:~Quickl rem&e contaminated clohin
. Rinse with flooding amounts of water for at least 15 min. For reddened or blistered skin, consult a
f hysician. dish affected area with soap antwater.
nhalation: Remove exposed person to fresh air and support breathin as needed.
Ingestion: Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious or convu K.mg person. If in ested, do not induce vomiting due to aspiration hazard.
Give conscious victim a mtxture of 2 tablespoons of activated charcoal mrxed in 8 oz o B water to drink. Consult a physician immediately.
After first aid, get appropriate in-plant, paramedic, or community medical support.
Spill/Leak: Notify safety personnel, evacuate all unnecessary personnel, remove heat and i ‘tion sources, and provide maximum explosion-proo
ventilation. Cleanu personnel should protect against vapor inhalation and liquid contact. IFse nonsparking tools. Take up small ills with sand 01
other noncombustr f le adsorbent. Dike storage areas to control leaks and spills. Follow applicable OSHA regulations (29 CFR 19“p0.120).
Aquatic Toxicity: Bluegill, freshwater, LC, ,8 ppm/96 hr.
Dis osal: Contact your supplier or a licensea contractor for detailed recommendations. Follow applicable Federal, state, and local regulations.
EPI Designations
RCRA Hazardous Waste (40 CFR 261.21): Characteristic of ignitability
CERCLA Hazardous Substance (40 CFR 302.4): Not listed
SARA Extremely Hazardous Substance (40 CFR 355): Not listed
SARA Toxic Chemical (40 CFR 372.65): Not listed
I OSHA Designations
.
Listed as an Air Contaminant (29 CFR 1910.1000, Table Z-l-A)
~~
..... ...
..,
,.
i........
. .... ../..............
..,....I..
i.
.
.
.
I..
..,..
__
__.
_
.._,...
,..
_,
_.
,,
,..
. .. .,.~.,.,.,...........
...
.... ...
.... .... ... ... . ._.,/.,..._.,.
...,ii/...,/ii/ii.,i.,...
:.: /.._/...,...
...
.,.
.~.,/.,/...
...
.~.~ . . _ . , .
. . . . . _.,.
\
.,;
Goggles: Wear protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles, per OSHA eye- and face-protection regulations (29 CFR 1910.133). Since
contact lens use~in industry is controversial, establish
your own Policy.
Respirator: Seek rofessional advice prior to respirator selection and use. Follow OSHA respirator regulations (29 CFR 1910.134) and, if
necessaty,wearaR IOSH - approved respirator. There are no specific NIOSH recommendations. However, for vapor concentrations not tmmediately dangerous to life or health, use chemical cartridge respirator equipped with organic vapor cartridg s), or a supplied-air respirator. For
emergency or nonroutine operations (cleaning spills, reactor vessels, or storage tanks), wear an SCBA. ifaarning! Aw-purifying respirators do not
protect workers in oxygen-d&ieti
atmospheres.
Other: Wear impervious gloves, boots, aprons, and auntlets to prevent prolonged or repeated skin contact. Materials such as neoprene or
polyvinyl alcohol provide excellent/good resistance Bor protective clothing. Note: Resistance of specific materials can vary from product to
roduct.
entilation: Provide general and local explosion-proof exhaust ventilation systems to maintain airborne concentrations below the OSHA PELs
(Sec. 2). Local exhaust ventilation is preferred since it prevents contaminant dispersion into the work area by controlling it at its source.(‘03)
Safety Stations: Make available in the work area emergency e ewash stations, safe /quick-drench showers, and washing facilities.
Contaminated Equipment: Remove this material from your sKoes and equipment. ?a under contaminated clothing before wearing.
Comments: Never eat, drink, or smoke in work areas. Practice good personal hygiene after using this material, especially before eating, drinking
smoking, using the toilet, or applying cosmetics.
6
-.
-
-- _-- _-_ _ITransportation
Data (49 CXK 172.101, .lUZ)
finclua’in~
iiqi-;i- ---0 caxim-head
--- IO --~ and N u-0
DOT
Shinninv
Name:
Ga.soline
------_
_- Ha~r-yl&~-~amable
-)T
D(
ID No.: UN1203
DOT Label: Flammable
liauid
1--DOT Pacl kaging Exceptions: 173.118
DOT Pacl kaeinu Reaulrements: 173.119
CT_
MSDS
IMO Shlpplng Name: Gasoline
MO Hazard Class: 3.1
ID No.: UN 1203
MO Label: Flammable liquid
IMDG Packaging Group: II
-
1
Collection References:
Prepared by: M Allison, BS;
26,73,89,100,
101, 103,124,
126, 127,132,
133, 136,138,
Industrial Hygiene Review: DJ Wilson, CIH; Medical
140,143.146,
153, 159
Revlew: W Silverman, MD; Edited
by; JR Stuart, MS
Material Safety Data Sheets Collection:
w m
Genium Publishing
Corporation
1145 Catalyn Street
Schenectady, NY 12303-1836 USA
w
Sheet No. 468
Fuel Oil No. 1
(518) 377-8854
1 Issued: 3182
&on
1,
Material
Identification,
,,,,,,,:, : :
Revision: A. 1 l/90
:,jOc ..<.; ...j,:.I.i:.~,:i.;.~:.-.~.
iLi.:.. ..: :<.i:i.:;;:‘, yj.: .:..I...:.: :....p;.~:;.‘::i:;; ... ..i<.:i.i::i I--..; y :;.::+ :.::.y::; :.. : ;
Fuel Oil No. 1 Derriptlon:
A kerosinc-like mixture of petroleum hydrocarbons; a distillate of controlled sulfur content.
Fuel oil no. 1 is availablefor home heating use.
Other Designations: Coal oil, heating fuel, kerosene, kemsine, range oil.
Manufacturer:
Contact your supplier or distributor. Consult the latest Chemicalweek Buyers’ Guide+“) for a suppliers list
R
1
i
K
i
2
33
:
NFPA
HMIS
H 0
F 2
I
Cautions: Fuel oil No. 1 is a skin, eye, and mucous membrane irritant and central nervous system (CNS) depressant Ingestion may lead !PGt”
to aspiration pnmmonids. It isfhmmabk when exposed to heat or flame.
’ sec. 8
Section 2. Ingredientsmid
Fuel oil No. 1, ca 100%
1989 OSHA PEL
None established
qccupai~~~ai-E~~s~re,ii~;nits..
1990-91 ACGIH TLV
None established
‘.
1988 NIOSH REL
None established
: ‘.. : ‘~~..;---,..,:,::,;,,:,:
:-j~.~:i,i1;..1::..;i;;
.: ‘.y:
1985-86 Toxlclty Data*
Rat, oral, LD,: 9 g/kg; produces gastrointestinal effects
(hypermotility, diarrhea)
* Monitor NlOSH, RTECS (HZ1 X4xX0). for future toxic&y data.
Section3. physical Data
:(::;.- -:~:.c~~,j~ij.,.’
‘I~~...:,.~
:I .. .:.::~~i.~~~--:.;:i...~i::-~.i;:~~:~~~-:.’~_-i~:“~:i;~~.~_.~%~i’~.:.~~~-i~
Boiling Range: 302 to 554 ‘F (150 to 290 ‘C)
Speclflc Gravity: 0.8251 at 59 ‘F (15 ‘C)
Freer& PO&t: -40 ‘F (-40 ‘C)
Water Solublllty: Insoluble
Vapor Pressure, 100 ‘F (38 ‘C): ca 5
%Volatile by Volume: a99
Vlscoslty: 160 centistoke at 99.5 ‘F (37.5 ‘C)
Appearance and Odor: Light amber liquid with a mild petroleum odor.
::.;..y
i”i:~““:‘~: ..
Section 4. Fire and Explosion Da~~:.,~-~.,..,,~;~:;-;,~~~.~,~
,.i;:,~‘~.:‘:-~.~.
..I .j .:‘.‘r.:..: :::\ :. :‘i.:.. ..:.:.‘.:::“‘1:‘;:::.‘:.
.. .
.I UEL: 5% v/v
Flash Point: 100 to 162 ‘F (43 to 72 ‘C) 1 Autolgnltlon Temperature: 410 ‘F (210 ‘C) 1 LEL: 0.7% v/v
Extinguishing Media: Use dry chemcial. carbon dioxide, foam, water fog or spray. Do not use a forced water spray directly on burning oil since
this scatters the fire. Use a smothering technique to extinguish fire.
Unusual Fire or Explosion Hazards: Caurim! Vapors may spread to an ignition or heat source and burn with explosive violence.
Special Fire-fighting Procedures: Since fire may produce toxic fumes, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) with a full facepiece
operated in pressure-demand or positive-pressure mode and full protective clothing. Be aware of runoff from fine control methods. Do not rcleasc
to sewers or waterways due to health and fire or explosion hazard.
Section
5. Reactivity”D$g.’
“I, ~~‘.~‘~::‘~.i;.:i,‘::‘“~~‘~,:~‘:~:.:’~~~.-:~~.~~~.
I.: 1: .;I’.,:.:
:. i: .! .: :; :;::.::,i:i;; ,:,,
ii:;,,.,,
I’;,,;;::
:, i : :. .I:.:. :
Stabllity/Polymerlr.&on:
Fuel oil no.‘1 is stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions Hazardous polymerization cannot occur.
Chemical Incompatlbllltles:
Fuel oil no. 1 is incompatible with strong oxidizing agents; heating greatly increases fire hazard.
Conditions to Avoid: Avoid heat and ignition sources.
Hazardous Products of Decomposition: Thermal oxidative decomposition of fuel oil no. 1 can produce carboo dioxide; incomplete combustion
can produce carbon monoxide.
Section 6. Health Hazard Data
,.
..
..
‘. ;
:
.. .y ‘: . . ..:I
Carcinogenicity: Although the IARC has not assigned an overall evaluation, it has evaluated occupational exposures in pctrolcum refining as
IARC probable human carcinogens (Group 2A).
Summary of Risks: Fuel oil No. 1 is insufficiently volatile to constitute an acute inhalation hazard. Excessive inhalation of aerosol or mist can
cause respiratory tract irritation, headache, diuiness, nausea, stupor, convulsions, or unconsciousness, depending on concentration and exposure
time. When removed from exposure area, affected persons usually experience complete recovery. Death may occur by asphyxiation due to
Conrinue on nerl page
No. 468
Fuel Oil No. 1
1i/90
Section 6. Health Hazard Data, continued
I
Pririiar
&try Routes: Inhalation, ingestion.
Acute k ffects: S stemic effects from ingestion include GI irritation, vomiting, diarrhea, and: in severe cases, CNS
<NS depression, progressing to
coma and death. Ynhalanon of aerosol or mists may result in increased respiration, tachycardia (excessively rapid heart beat), and cyanosis (dark
purplish coloration of skin and
and, mucous membranes caused by deficient
deficrent blood oxygenation).
Chronic
~~rc~~ecta:
Effects: Repeated skin
skm contact causes dermatitis.
dermatrtn.
FIRSTAID
.
Eyes: Gently lift the eyelids and flush immediately and continuously with flooding amounts of water until transported to an emergency
I
- medical
facility. Consult a physician immediately.
Skin: Quickly remove contaminated clothin . Rinse with floodin amounts of water for at least 15 min. If large areas of the body are exposed or
if irritation persists. get medical help imme (Hlately. Wash affect elf area with soap and water.
Inhalationf Removeexposed person to fresh air-and support breathin as needed.
Ingestion: Never give anythin by mouth to an unconscious or convu 7.smg person. If ingested, do not induce vomiting due to aspiration hazard.
Contact a physician immediate Yy.
After first aid, get ap roprlate in-plant, paramedic, or community medical support.
Note to Physicians: 2 astnc lavage is contraindicated due to aspiration hazard. Preferred antidotes are charcoal and milk In cases of severe
aspiration pneumonitis, consider monitoring arterial blood gases to ensure adequate ventilation. Observe the patient for 6 hr. If vital signs become
abnormal or symptoms develop, obtain a chest x-ray.
1 Section 7. Suiil. Leak. and Discos.
, D;-‘ ____._-.,.
I
uroosal: Contact your supplier or a licensed contractor for detailed recommendations. Follow applicable Federal. state, and local regulations.
EPA Designations
-Listed as a RCRA Hazardous Waste (40 CFR 261.21): Irritable waste
CERCLA Hazardous Substance (40 CFR 302.4): Nofliskd
SARA Extremely Hazardous Substance (40 CFR 355): Not listed
SARA Toxic Chemical (40 CFR 372.65): Not listed
OSHA Designations
Air Contaminant (29 CFR 1910.1000, Subpart Z): Not listed
Section&
SpecialProtectionData
:‘i-i-,i:i:;,~l,.:.j~~~..j.l.,~.’
I.lj,: ;‘I;:
i.:‘::~~:
;::.
::i.-::;:::..;..:.:!ij-!-:
1. ::.
I
:I
Goggles: Wear protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles, per OSHA eye- and face-protection regulations (29 CFR 1910.133).
Respirator: Seek professional advice prior to respirator selection and use. Follow OSHA respirator regulations (29 CFR 1910.134) and, if necessaj, use a NIOSH-approved respirator with mistfilter and organic vapor cartridge. For emergency or iionroutine operations (cleaning spills,
reactor vessels, or storage tanks), wear an SCBA. Warning! Av-purifimng
respirators
do not protect workers
in oxygen-deficienl
atmospheres.
Other: Wear Impervious gloves, boots, aprons, and gauntlets to prevent skin contact Nitrile or polyvinyl alcohol gloves are recommended.
Ventilation: Provide general and local exploston- roof ventilation systems to maintain airborne concentrations that promote worker safety and
roductivity. Local exhaust ventilation is preferre 8. since it prevents contaminant dispersion into the work area by controlling it at its source.(‘“f)
E afety Stations: Make available in the work area emergency eyewash stations, safety/quick-drench showers, and washing facilities.
Contaminated Equipment: Never wear contact lenses in the work area: soft lenses may absorb, and all lenses concentrate, irritants. Remove this
material from our shoes and equipment. Launder contaminated clothing before wearing.
Comments: x ever eat, drink, or smoke in work areas. Practice good personal hygiene after using this material, especially before eating, drinking,
smoking, using the toilet, or applying cosmetics.
Section 9. Special precautionsand
([email protected]~$~~ ,,.,
jji,,; i.i.-..::I,:.:~:‘.:-i::~.i.iI.:.:..i.i-:.
..,::..jIjf :,~:I.::-:.::~:.:?.:.~:;-:;.,.:::i.i.i:i:.~;I:_:.,.:. .:..
Storage Requirements: Use and storage conditions should be suitable for an C1SHA Class II combustible liquid. Store in closed containers in a
well-ventilated area away from heat and ignition sources and strong oxidizing agents. Protect containers from physical damage. To prevent static
sparks, electrically p ound and bond all containers and equipment used in shrppmg, receiving, or transferring operations. Use nonsparking tools
and explosron-proo elecmcal equipment. No smoking in areas of storage or use.
Engineering Controls: Avoid prolonged skin contact and vapor or mist inhalation. Use only in a well-ventilated area and with persona1 protective gear. Institute a respiratory protection program that includes regular trainin maintenance, inspection, and evaluation. Practice good personal
hygiene and housekeeping procedures. Do not wear oil contaminated clothing. I30 not put oily rags in pockets. When working with this material,
wear gloves or use barrier cream.
Transportation
Data (49 CFR 172.101)
DOT Shipping Name: Fuel oil
DOT Hazard Class: Combustible liquid
ID No.: NA 1993
DOT Label: None
DOT Packaging Exceptions: 173.118a
DOT Packaging Requirements: None
I
OILS, MISCELLANEOUS:
I
LUBRICATING
OLB
IO. HuMousf,ssMEN-Tcoof
----I
A-l-u
NOTES
JUNE
1985
OILS, MISCELLANEOUS:
LUBRICATING
or-
SATURATED
12.17
LIOUIO
OENSflV
LIQUID
12.16
HEAT CAPACITY
56.160
56.160
56.180
56.160
56.160
58.160
56.160
56.160
56.160
56.160
56.160
56.160
56.160
56.160
56.160
56.160
56.160
56.160
z
62
64
66
66
70
72
74
76
76
60
62
64
lHERMC
.19
coNoucTlvlTY
Temperature
(degr-s
n
PWtiperUbiC
loot (estimate)
50
52
54
56
LloulO
,460
,461
.462
.463
.464
.465
466
,467
.466
A69
,470
.471
.472
,473
,474
,475
,476
.477
,476
.479
,464
,461
,462
,483
.4&i
.465
50
52
54
56
56
60
62
64
66
66
70
72
74
76
76
60
62
64
66
66
90
92
94
96
96
100
Temperatie
mw-
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
60
65
90
95
100
105
110
115
120
12.20
vlscoslTv
Lloul0
,920
.919
316
.917
.916
,915
.914
.913
.912
.911
.a1 0
909
,906
so7
,906
305
304
F)
100.42
centipoise
275.000
L
SoLUBILflY
lziz:T
1221
IN WATER
Pour-da
i-oounds
I
SATURATED
12.22
VAPOR
PRESSURE
per loo
of water
L
E
SATURATED
Temperature
mwws
n
70
75
60
65
90
95
100
105
110
115
120
125
130
135
140
145
150
155
160
165
170
175
160
165
190
195
.042
.049
.057
.w5
,076
,067
,100
,114
,131
.149
.170
,193
.216
.247
.279
,314
,352
.395
,443
,495
,552
,615
663
,758
,641
,930
12.23
VAPOR
DENSITY
IOEM
QAS
12.24
HEAT CAPACIW
Material Safety Datb Sheets Collection:
Genium
-n
Publishing
Corporation
1145 Catalyn Street
Schenectady, NY 12303-1836
(518) 377-8854
I-
Sheet No. 410
Carbon Tetrachloride
USA
I Issued:
Section 1. Material Identification
lU80
..:.
Revision: B, 490
Carbon Tetrachloride
Descri~th:
A chlorinated hvdrocarbon derived from interact&? carbon disulfide and chlorine in
the presence of iron, or chlorinkon of methane or hiiher hydrocarbons at 482 “F/250 ‘C-&I 752 ‘F/400 ‘C. Carbon tetrachloride is treated with caustic alkali solution to remove sulfur chloride. Its primary use is in manufacturing flurocarbon
propellants. It is also used in producing of semiconductors, chlorinating organic compounds, metal degreasing, refiigerants; as a solvent for oils, fats, resins, rubber waxes, lacquers, and varnishes; and as an agricultural fumigant. This material
was widely used in the dry-cleaning industry.
Other Designations: CAS No. 0056-23-5; Ccl,; carbon chloride; carbon tet; methane tetrachloride; pexchloromethane;
tetrachlorocarbon; tetrachloromethane.
Manufacturer:
Contact your supplier or diskibutor. Consult the latest Chemicahoeek Buyers’ Guid.8’~ for a suppliers list
Section 2, Ingredik?p$n$
Occupat+alE~posu~e
Limits
31
R
1
NFPA
--__
I
4
S 2’
fstif
absorption
.:. j .- .; .“,. :, .,,.:.:. ;j i-;:., ,:,.,,-
3
0
_
0
a
HMIS
..’
.:.
Carbon tetrachloride, ca lOf%
OSHA PEL
TWA: 2 ppm, 12.6 rug/m’
ACGIH TLV (Skin), 1989-90
TLV-TWA: 5 pprn, 3 1 mg/m’
8-hr
NIOSH REL, 1987
60-mia ceiling: 2 ppm, 12.6 mg/m’
b See NIOSH,
J?TECS (FG49OOWO).
for additional
irritative,
mutative,
tumorigenic,
Toxicity Data*
Raf oral, LD,: 2800 mgkg; toxic effects not yet reviewed
RaS inhalation, I&,: 8ooO ppm over 4 hr; no toxic effect noted
Human, inhalation, TL: 20 ppm inhaled produces gastrointestinal
effects (nausea or vomiting)
and toxicity
data.
Section 3. Physicif Ijatq
Bolliag
Melting
Vapor
Vapor
Point: 169.77 ‘F/76.54 ‘C
Point: -9.4 ‘F/-23 “C
Pressure: 91.3 mm Hg at 68 “F/20 ‘C
Density (Alr = 1): 5.32
Molecular We&:
l&.84 &ol
Specific Gravity (H,O = 1 at 39 ‘F/4 ‘C): 1.5940 at 68 ‘F/20 ‘C
Water Solubillty: Very slightly soluble (800 mg/l at 68 ‘FRO ‘C)
Evaporation Rate (Butyl Acetate = 1): 12.8
Appearance and Odor: A colorless liquid with a heavy ethereal odor. The high and low odor thresholds are, respectively, 128.4 and 60 mg/m’.
Odor is not an adequate warning sign to prevent overexposure.
Section 4. Fire and Explosion D?&.
.----
,.
: :. : I.:.
,.
j: ;-;: ; :;. :. :‘:i:. i : 1.:]; i I:--:A:i,
;I. : f: : :
::
Flash Point: None reported
1 Autoignition Temperature: None reported
1 LEL: None reported
UEL: None reported
Extinguishing Media: Carbon tetrachloride is nonflammable and will not support combustion. Useextinguishing
mediaappl-tJpr&~CJ
&
surrounding fire. This material was previously used as an extinguishing medium in portable fire extinguishers, but its toxicity and fire decomposition products lead to its replacement with “safer” extinguishing media.
Unusual Fire or Exphsion Hazards: Carbon tetrachloride can react violently with hot or burning metals such as aluminum and magnesium.
Special Fire-flghtlng Procedures: Since fire may produce toxic fumes, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) with a full facepiece
operated in the pressure-demand or positive-pressure mode and fully encapsulating suit. Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Be
aware of runoff from fire control methods. Do not release to sewers or waterways.
Sections. Reactjvity~?at+,
.,
.‘.;- ..
;
.’ .:,
., ji .‘; ...“‘...;I r.. :;:.:‘j..
Stability/Polymerization:
Carbon tetrachloride is stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal s&&e and hand&g conditions.
Hazardous polymerization cannot occur.
Chemical Incompatibilities:
Carbon tetrachloride reacts violently with fluorine gas, alkali metals, and aluminum (see reference 126 for specific
incompatibilities).
Conditions to Avoid: This material has caused explosions when used as a fiie extinguisher on wax fires and uranium fites. It may also form toxic
phosgeae when used to put out electrical fires.
Hazardous Products of Decomposition: Thermal oxidative decomposition of carbon, tetrachloride can produce toxic phosgene and hydrogen
chloride.
No: 4 10
Section
Carbon Tetrachloride
6,
Health
Hazard
4/w
Data-
:.
: :.
i
i.
.‘f 1. I. .,‘:,:.j :::,.,; !,I 2 :,.i.i. .:j.;~ .z.x:: i: 1.::;. ::.y:i-;i::
:.:!:.. : .:.:. ‘,i:j:il.i,:~::,~:i:-:i
.. : ,...: .. ..:” . ... :.,.
:
+;;y;.:
;-I.
Carcinogenic&y: The NTP, IARC, and ACGIH list cadma tetrachlotide as an anticipated human carcinogen, a possible human carcinogen, and a
suspected human carcinogen, respectively,
Summary of Risks: Carbon tetrachlonde ts.highly toxic and [email protected] by iqhalatioo, ingestion (mean lethal dose is 5 to 10 ml), and skin absorp
hon. Alcohol’s synergistic effects markedly mcrease CC1 ‘s toxicity. i Xcesslve exposure ma result m central nervous s stem depression, camlac
arrhythmias, and gastrointestinal symptoms. In humans the majority of fatalities have been x e result of renal injury wtIi secondary cardtac
failure. Kidney and liver damage can occur from severe acute or chronic exposure. Human liver damage occurs more often after ingestion of the
liquid than after the inhalation of the vapor. However, after a 30 min to 1 hr exposure to concentrations of 1000 to 2ooO ppm, humans have died
from acute renal damage.
Medical Conditions Aggravated by Long-Term Exposure: Pmlonged recovery and permanent disability of the liver, kidney, and lungs are
Central nervous system, eyes, skin. liver, kidne
E es: Flush immediately, including under. the eyelids, gently but thoroughly with flooding amounts of ruooin water for at least 15 min.
S&o: Quid
remove contaminated clothm . After nnsiag affected skin w~tb flooding amounts of water, w asi. It with soap and water.
lnbalatlon: k emove exposed person to fresa air and support breatbin as needed.
Ingestion: Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious or convu f smg
* person. Give one to two glasses of water to dilute and induce vomiting,
unless the person shows evidence of decreasing mental functioning and awareness.
After first aid, get appropriate ln-plant, paramedic, or community medical support,
Phydclan’s Note: To mimmize hepatoreoal damage, consider intravenous acetylcysteine. .Hrrbaric
oxygen is also utilti.
for significant exposures. Dialysis has also been su ested in severe cases. Give cardiorespuatory support as tn icated and carefully moattor flutd and electrolytes.
Closely monitor hepatic and rena
9 functions. Avoid epiocphxim because of myocardial sensitization and note&al for inducing ventricular
Dlspdsal: Contact your supplier or a licensed contractor for detailed reco=dations.
Follow applicable Federal, state, and local regulations.
EPA Designations
IA Designations &ted as a RCRA --Hazardous Waste (40 CFR 261.33
Listed as an Air Contaminant (29 CFR 1910.1CKl0, Table 22)
SARA Extremelv Hazardous Substance (40 CFR 35 2 ): Not listed
Listed as a SARA Toxic Chemical (40 CFR 372.65) ’
Listed as a CERCLA Hazardous Substance* (40 CFR 302.4), Reportable Quantity (RQ: SOOQlb (2270 kg) [* per RCRA, Sec. 3001, per Clean
Water Act. Sec. 307(a). 3 11 (b)(4)1
Goggles: Wear protective eyeglasses or chemical safe o les, per CXHA eye- and face-protection regulations (29 CFR 1910.133).
Respirator: Follow OSHA respirator regulations (29 ti!iJt”a1 10.134) and, if necessary, wear a NIOSH-approved respirator. For emergency or
nonroutine operatioos (cleaning spills, reactor vessels, or storage tanks), wear an SCBA.
Warnlo
: Air-purifying respirators do not protect workers in oxygendeficient atmos hems.
Other: & ear tmpetvious gloves, boots, aprons, and gauntlets to prevent skin contact t olyvlnyl alcohol protective gear is recommended.
Ventllatlon: Provide eneral and local explosion-proof ventilation systems to maintain alrborae conccnhntions below the GSHA PEL, ACGIH
TLV, and NIOSH RE & (Sec. 2). Local exhaust ventilatioa is preferred since it prevents contaminant dispersion into the work area by controlling it
at its source.(*09
Safety Statlons: Make available in the work area emergency eyewash stations, safety/quickdmnch shoyers, and washing facilities.
Contaminated Equipment: Never wear contact lenses in-the work v: soft lenses may absorb, and all lenses coaccntratc, irritants. Remove this
F;nmtlfErn
our shoes and equIpmen\ Launder cootamm$ed clothmg before wearing.
: !?ever eat, drink., or smoke tn work areas. Practice good personal hygiene after using this ma&i& especially beforeeating,dtinkiug,
smokine. usine the toilet or aoolvine cosmetics.
Storage Requirements: Store in tightly closed container in a cool, dry, well-ventilated, low fire-risk area away from incompatible materials (Sec.
S), direct sunlight, and heat. prevent exposure of vapors to high temperature to prevent decomposition to toxic and corrosive gases and vapors.
Engineering Controls: Avoid vapor inhalatioo and skin or eye contact Use only with adequate ventilation and appropriate personal protective
gear. Monitor vapor levels and institute a respiratory protection program which includes training, maintenance, inspection, and evaluation.
practice good personal hygiene procedures. When possible, substitute a less hazardous solvent for Ccl,. Provide pnplacement and biannual
medical exams, including studies of liver and kidney function. Prevent exposing individuals with liver, kidney, or central nervous system diseases,
or alcoholism. Alcohol’s synergistic effects markedly increase CCl,‘s toxicity.
Transportation
Data (49 CFR 172.101, .102)
IMO Shipping Name: Carboo tctracbloride
DOT Shlpplag Name: Carbon tctrachloride
IMO Haxard Clpsg: 6.1
DOT Hazard Class: ORM-A
MO Label: Poison
ID No.: UN1846
IMDG Packaging Group: II
DOT Label: None
ID No.: UN1846
DOT Packaging Requlrements: 173.620
DOT Packaging Exceptions: 173.505
MSDS Co&&n
References: 7,26,38,53,73,84,85,88,89,
100, 103, 109, 124,126, 127, 129, 130, 131, 134, 136, 137
BS; Industrial Hygiene Review: DJ Wilson, CM; Medical Review: MJ Hardies, MD
Prepared by: h4J Allison,
cornmackllucorrrpoduclio.wimw~~lLMtpcrmirb.hprohmrcd~aubQc~a~d”
Ccpyrig~81990byOcnivmPubl~Corponrim~
arc neccunly
fbc pur-s
rapau~bilicy.
Al(bough rammablc WC bu been mkm In mC prepmdm Or such Id-W
oslinm PuMbbbu Cqamtkm
no rclpauibiiity
u m he lccvncy or rumbslity of uch dornution
for alplisdm
u) h pyFMs
irEewkd pqce (I fa comqowa
d ia use.
rrteda
.’ b3&brdleplr~~parpaa
m ~~W~cp-lkQ,Mll-
hu
Genium
6
Corporation
1145 catalyn street
Schenectady. NY 12303- 1836 USA
(518) 377-8854
p
~$.~~~~~~~~~~
~
Publishing
,....i,.~.'; gjj$y*y
.j
AWvial
Safety Data Sheets Collection:
Sheet No. 298
Jet Fuels
Issueid:8/90
“'""‘8i~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~.
Jet Fuel Descrfptkux A petroleum distillate similar to kerosine composed of Cs to C,, dipha&, momq&paraffins aromalics. and obfins (far hlrbinc engines only), Aromatics are a lower percentage for jet fuels, but
there are a number of jet fuel types with somewhat different compositions and pmpexties.
Other Deslgnatlons: Jet A, Jet A-l. Jet B. Jet fuel HEF-3. P-l. JP-4. JP-5, JP-6.
Manufacturer:
Contnct your supplier or dism%utor. Consult the latest Ckmicu!we.ek Buyers’ GuidP) for a
suppliers
list.
Cautions: Jet fuel is vohtile, combwtiblc.
1 cractirritantIng~ioncm!bchannful,,enfatol.
Md thus, a dangerousfire
F
(a) JctAMdJdA-l(amrburtiblc)ud~-S(aunm~lctocanbuniblc).
@) Jet B (dangerous fire hazard) and P-4 (dangemw 6~ hazard and moderate
(...‘....... 1... .. . . __
i~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~:~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~.~
/. .......__.b.. .. .. . A.>_......
.. ,.... ,. ._.___.._._. .._. ._
.Yi.... .i..i....i.....I..........i......
n........i.
Jet fuel. ca 100%
1989 OSHA PEL
None established
(-
l
2
k 0
pw
F
3
explosion hazard ia the form of 7).
tsc-8
* .........(.. .............. .~.,.,.,l,.~~y .......)“.~~. ., . \, .~x. .<<“<;. .~. ,.; ,,
.
.
.
.
..,
,.,.,::,:.::,.:.:.:
,,
.A.i....,......
_.................n./.
:s,.,......
~...............::........<.........../..................
*,......A<...
,.....A?.<
,,....,........................~.,
............,..
. ::__
:: : ::__
: :: ::__
:: ::: f:.;.,:,‘:.:’
“.:/_:.~:y,‘,‘;
l!XUWO ACGIH TLV
None established
Vapor Pressure: 0.1 mm Hg at 20 ‘C
Viscosity: 1.O to 2.0 cSt at 72 ‘F (40 ‘C)
Appearance
hazard. It is a skin, eye, and respiratory
1988 NIOSH REL
None established
Water Solubillty:
198586 Toxicity Data*
Rak oral. LD,: 40 mg/kg
Rat. inhalation, IX,: 23 ppm/4 hr
Rag skin. LD,: 3 17 mg/kg
Negligible
and Odor: A clear liquid with a hydrocarbon odor.
Physical data vary with fuel type. These data per&n
to kerosine jet fuels in general.
Jet B: -16 to -30 l F (-26.7 to -34.5 ‘C)
JP-1: 95 to 145 l F (35.0 to 62.8 ‘C)
Jp-1: 442 l F (228 l C)
JP4t: -10 to 30 ‘F (-23.4 to -1.1 ‘C)
JP4: 468 l F (242 ‘C)
JP4: 1.3% v f v
JP4:8.O%v/v
JP-5: 95 to 145 ‘F (35.0 to 62.8 ‘C)
JP-5: 475 l F (246 ‘C)
Extinguishing Media: For large fue. use water spray. fog, or foam. For small fires, use dry chemical or CO,. Water may be ineffective in fighting
fires involving materials with low flash points. Apply in the form of a spray.
Unusual Fire or Explosion Hazards: Jet fuel is volatile and combustible.
Special Fire-fighting Procedures: Since fire may produce. toxic fumes, wear a selfcontained breathing apparatus (SCBA) with a full facepiece
operated in the pressure-demand or positive-pressure mode end full protective equipment. Be aware of runoff from fire control methods. Do not
release to sewers or waterways.
*A higher kerorenc cut than JP4 with fewer impitiu.
t 65% aasoline and 35% lizht petroleum diaillue.
Stability/Polymerization:
Jet fuels are stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage ami handling con&ions
H~&JIJS
polymerization cermot occur.
Chemical Incompatlbillties:
A violent reaction occurs with fluorine (F,). Jet fuels are also incompatible with halogens, strong acids. alkalines.
and oxidizers.
Conditions to Avoid: Avoid heas sparks, flame, and build up of static electricity.
Hazardous Products al Decomposltlon: Thermal oxidative decomposition of jet fuel can produce carbon monoxide from incomplete combustion.
No. 298
Jet Fuels 8190
. .. ..,............
... ... .......:... ..... .......,.......,..
......,...:,...:..;
i....:.....,..
.i.i..:.A....
.i......i_\.....
i...............
.. ....\...... . ... i..:.. :,:...... ....A..........:..._..........
...._... .._.....
.... .......
_s~ti~~.‘~~~:~~~~~~~~:~~,~
.i;1Da~~liiO~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Carciuogeniclty: The NTP. IARC, and OSHA do not list jet fuels as a carcinogen.
Summary of Risks: Jet fuel is a moderate skin. eye, and respiratory irritant Ingestion may be harmful or fatal. The most serious toxic effect
=- following ingestion is aspiration pneumonitis.
,MedicalC&ditfons
Aggravated by Long-Term Exposure: Individuals with chronic pulmonary disease should not be exposed to jet fuel vapor.
Target Organs: Central nervous system, respiratory tract.
Primary En&y Routes: Inhalation. ingestion
Acute Effects: Systemic exposure through the respiratory or gastrointestinal (Gi) tract may result in increasing levels of central nervous system
depression, manifest by a staggering gait, sluned speech. or mental confusion. These symptoms could progress to unconsciousness, coma, and
death from respiratory failure. Exposure of lung tissue through aspiration of liquid jet fuel causes an immediate irritant and destructive reaction.
The infianunatoty lung changes cause a chemical pneumonitis. pulmonary edema (fluid in the lungs), and/or bleeding in the lung tissue. Secondary infection as a result of the injury, and scarring may occur with resultant permanent lung damage. The immediate clinical effects are mcreasing shortness of breath. coughing, bloody sputum, and chest pain. These symptoms may worsen over the following hours to days. Ingestion
causes irritation to the GI tract characterized by vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea Other organs possibly injured through systemic exposure
include parenchyma of the liver, kidney, pancreas, and spleen. Exposure to high mist concentrations may irritate the mucous membrane.
Chronic Effects: Chronic lung dysfunction may result from aspiration into the lungs. Prolonged or repeated skin contact can cause dermatitis.
FIRST AID
Eyes: Gently lift the eyelids and flush immediately and continuously with flooding axt~ounts of water until transported to an emergency medical
facility. Consult a physician immediately.
Skin: QuicMy remove contaminated clothing. Rinse with flooding amounts of water for at least 15 mm. For reddened or blistered skin. consult a
physician. Wash affected area with soap and water.
Inhalation: Remove exposed person to hesh air and supt
breathing as needed.
Ingestion: Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious or convulsing person If ingested do nc~ induce vomifing. If the victim is nauseated
Position head lower than knees to prevent aspiration. Administer vegetable oil and call a physician immediately.
After first aid, get appropriate In-plant, paramedic, or community medical support.
s ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~:~~~:~.:~~~~
@@y.& ,..;:,:.,.~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
... .... ..:...................i........
.L
t..
,. ,. .,
,.. ,_._.___. ,_.,.,..........._..._.............;
...._.............................................................................
;.._
..............._//....._.i........ij........................
Spill/Leak: Design and practice a jetfuel spill control and cowuermeasure program
(SCCP). Notify safety personnel, isolate hazard area and
deny entry. remove all heat and ignition sources, and provide maximum explosion-proof ventilation. Cleanup personnel should protect against
vapor inhalation and direct contact with skin or eyes. Immediately absorb spilled jet fuel with noncombustible, inert material such as fue-retarden
treated sawdust or diatomaceous earth. Using nonsparking tools, immediately shovel spilled material in appropriate containers for disposal. After
completing material pickup, ventilate area and wash spill site. Follow applicable OSHA regulations (29 CFR 1910.120).
Disposal: Contact your supplier or a licensed contractor for detailed recommendations. Follow applicable Federal, state, and local regulations.
EPA Designations
OSHA Designations
RCRA Hazardous Waste (40 CFR 261.33): Not listed
Air Contaminan t (29 CFR 1910.1000. Subpart Z): Not listed
“ERCLA Hazardous Substance (40 CFR 302.4): Not listed
jARA Extremely Hazardous Substance (40 CFR 355): Not listed
SARA Toxic Chemical (40 CFR 372.65): Not listed
., ..;;;..
.;:.:.:.:.:‘:.i.‘:.:‘:‘:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:
:‘:y:~~~~~:‘:~:.~
:.:~:.:‘:~:.:‘f:~:~:.:“:‘:.:~.-.~...~,.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.,.:.:..:.:.:;..:.:.:.):.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.,.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.~.:.-
ii.......................l
/.:
,...........:................:..................
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
... . ... .... . . .. .. . .. ...-...
... .
,....
. . . . . . . ..A
..:,
... .. .
..,
.-:.
..
:.
... ....
...- ... .. ..
.. ....
,..............
. ... .... ...... ...
.A..........
...
.. .... ....\
. . - . . . . i...
.. .... ..
...
.. ..... ... .....
.. . .
_.
._..._
._
. ..
..... .... ...
........
......,........
.........................................
.................
...i/i....................
-.-.
....
..
...
..
...
..
..
..
Goggles: Wear protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles, per OSHA eye- and face-protection regulations (29 CFR 1910.133).
Respirator: Seek professional advice prior to respirator selection and use. Follow OSHA respirator regulations (29 CFR 1910.134) and, if necessary, wear a NJOSH-approved respirator. For emergency or nonroutine operations (cleaning spills, reactor vessels, or storage tanks), wear an
SCBA. Warning! Air-purfiing
respirators do not protect workers in oxygen-defzieru atmospheres.
Other: Wear impervious gloves, boots, aprons, and gauntlets to prevent prolonged or repeated skin amtact Wear nonsparking shoes (rubber,
cord, or sewn leather soles).
Ventilation: Provide general and local explosion-proof ventilation systems to maintain airborne concentrations that promote worker safety and
productivity. Local exhaust ventilation is preferred since it prevents contaminan t dispersion into the work area by controLling it at its source.r103)
Safety Stations: Make available in the work area emergency eyewash stations, safetylquickdrench showers, and washing facilities.
Contaminated Equipment: Never wear contact lenses in the work area: soft lenses may absorb, and all lenses concentrate, irritants. Remove this
material from your shoes and equipment Launder contaminated clothing before wearing.
Comments: Never eat. drink, M smoke in work areas. Practice good personal hygiene after using this material, especially before eating, drinking,
smoking, using the toilet. or applying cosmetics.
~~~
., .,.,,.,._......,..,. ,..,..;,..;.;,..i_...ij..:.j,.,/.,.,._i.,.i,...
i,.,.,.,.....i,.,.,.i
_,.,.,...
...,,...,.,...
_
._..,..,:..,.:.,.\,. ,. ,., . . _. ,,.,.,
,.. . _.,.,.;.,.,.
/ . ., _
:./. . . .. ....:..
...... . ... ...: .. .:....... .. ........./.,_..../.j...
i,.,.ii.,...,.,.
Storage Requirements: Store in tightly closed containers in a coot, dry, well-ventilated area away from all heat and ignition sources and
incompatible materials (Sec. 5). Outside or detached storage is preferred.
Engineering Controls: Avoid vapor inhalation and skin or eye contact. Use with appropriate personal protective gear. Institute a respiratory
protection program that includes regular training, maintenance, inspcctior~.
and evaluation. Jet fuel’s greatest hazard is its fire potential. Train all
employees to use fire-extinguishing equipment Perform fire drill exercises periodically. Take all measures to prevent static electricity: elect&all!
ground and bond all containers and equipment used in shipping, receiving, or transferring operations in production and storage areas. Maintain
and test grounding and bonding connections. Do not use drag chains or cables on fueling vehicles. After filling jet fuel storage tanks, wait 30 ruin
before opening hatches to permit the relaxation of any static charges generated during fdhng or hauling. Empty containers or drums retaining
residue (liquid and/or vapor) can be dangerous. Do not expose to heat or ignition sources. All drums should be completely drained, properly
bunged. and promptly disposed of per local regulations. Practice good personal hygiene and housekeeping procedures. Take care in handling
hoses, cans, and funnels wet with jet fuel. Before touching with bare hands, carefully wipe jet fuel containers. Properly dispose of wet rags per
EPA hazardous waste requirements. Avoid contamination of jet fuel with water, rust, scale, dir6 and other petroleum products. Use commercial
.kits (Hydrokit, Aqua-Glo. or “Clear and Bright”) to detect water and dirt, respectively.
.‘ransportation Data (49 CFR 172.101, .102): Not listed
8AfSZXCollccrion
t ~-~-
References: 1,73, 84. 103, 126, 132. 133. 136
Material
Safety
Data
from Genium’s Reference Collection
No. 683
Sheet
POLYCHLORINATED BIF’HENYLS
GeniumPublishing
(--
Corporation
Street
1145 CataI
Schenectady, NY 1F 303-1836 USA
ap
CENIUU
fClRj
- - --I - - 177-8825
SECTION
1. MATERIAL:
(KBs)
PUBUSHING
CORP.
-
Issued: November 1988
IDENTIFICATION
27
Material Name: POLYCHLORINATED
BIPHENYLS (PCBs)
3%
Description (Origin/Uses): Commercial PCBs are mixtures that were once widely manufactured by combining chlorine
gas, iron filings, and biphenyls. Their high stability contributes to their intended commercial applications and their accidental, 43 long-tern adverse environmental and health effects. PCBs are useful as insulafors in electrical equipment because they
Genlum
are electrically nonconductive. Their distribution has been limited since 1976. The Aroclor PCB codes identify PCBs by
type. The fist two digits of a code indicate whether the PCB contains chlorinated biphenyls (12), chlorinated terphenyls, (54), or
both (25,44); the last two digits indicate the approximate percentage of chlorine. Found in insulating liquid, synthetic rubber, plasticizers,
flame retardants, floor tile, printer’s ink, paper and fabric coatings, brake linings, paints, automobile body sealants, asphalt, adhesives,
electrical capacitors, electrical transformers, vacuum pumps, gas-transmission turbines, heat-transfer fluids, hydraulic fluids, lubricating and
cutting oil, copying paper, carbonless copying paper, and fluorescent light ballasts.
Synonym: Chlorodiphenyls
Other Designations (Producer, Trade Name, Nation): Monsanto, Aroclop (USA, Great Britain); Bayer, Clophen’ (German Democratic
Republic); Prodelec, Phenoclof, Pyralene* (France); Kanegafuchi, Kanechlof, Mitsubishi, Santothermm (Japan); Caffaro, Fenc!oP (Italy).
Trade Name
Aroclors
Aroc!or 1016
Aroc!or 1221
Aroclor 1232
SECTION
I
CAS No.
01336-36-3
12674-11-2
11 W-28-2
11141-16-5
RTECS No.
TQ1350000
TQ1351000
TQ1352000
TQ1354000
Trade Name
Aroclor 1242
Aroclor 1248
Aroc!or 1254
Aroc!or 1260
2. INGREDIENTS
AND
PCB-42% ChlorlnelAroclor
1242
CAS No. 53469-21-9
OSHA PEL (Skin*)
8-HrlWA:
1 mg/m’
ACGM TLV (Skin*), 1988-89
TLV-TWA:
1 mg/m’
CAS No.
53469-21-9
12672-29-6
11097-69-l
11096-82-5
RTECS No.
TQ 1356000
TQ1358000
TQ1360000
TQ1362000
HAZARDS/EXPOSURE
PCB-54% ChlorlnelAroclor
1254
CAS No. 11097-69- 1
OSHA PEL (Skin*)
8-Hr TWA: 0.5 mg/m’
ACGXH TLV (Skin*), 1988-89
TLV-TWA:
0.5 mg/m’
HMIS
Hl
Fl
RO
PPG’
LIMITS
Rl
13
sl
K 1
‘.
All PCBslAroclors
CAS No. 1336-36-3
NIOSH REL 1977
IO-Hour TWA: O.OOlmg/m’
Toxicity Data*+
Mouse, Oral, LD,: 1900 mg/kg
*This material can be absorbed through intact skin, which contributes to overall exposure.
**See NIOSH, RTECS (Genium ref. 90), at the locations specified in section 1 for additional data with references to tumorigenic,
reproductive, mutagenic, and irritative effects.
SECTION
3, PHY$lt-?Ali,‘dkTa&
Boiling Point: Ranges frum 527-F (275°C) to 725°F (385’C)
Solubllity ln Water (%): Insoluble
Pour Point: Ranges from -31°F (-35°C) to 87.8-F (31’C)
% Volatile by Volume: Ranges from 1.2 to 1.6
Molecular Weight (Average): Aroclor 1242: 258 Grams/Mole
Aroclor 1254: 326 Grams/Mole
Appearance and Odor: Clear to light yellow mobile oil to a sticky resin; a sweet “aromatic” odor. As the percentage of chlorine increases,
the PCB becomes thicker and heavier; e.g., Aroclor 1254 is more viscous than Amclor 1242.
SECTION
4. FIRE
AND. EXPLOSION.
DATA
.
: :...
Flash Point*
1 Autolgnltion Temperature:
Not Found
1LEL: Not Found
1 UEL: Not Found
Extinguishing Media: Use water spray/fog, carbon dioxide (CO,), dry chemical, or “alcohol” foam to extinguish fires that involve polychlorinated biphenyls. Although it is very difficult to ignite PCBs, they are often mixed with more flammable materials (oils, solvents, etc.)
Unusual Flre or Explaion Hazards: If a transformer containing PCBs is involved in a fire, its owner maybe required to report the inciden
to appropriate authorities. Consult and follow all pertinent Federal, state, and local regulations. Special Flue-fighting Procedures: Wear
a self-contained breathing apparafus @CBA) with a full facepiece operated in the pressure-demand or positive-pressure mode; fm fighters
must also wear a complete set of protective clothing. Comments: The hazards of PCB fires are associated with the possibility of their being
released into the environment where they and their products of degeneration can pose serious long-term health risks. These potential
problems are heightened by the PCBs’ resistance to biological and chemical degradation and by the possibility that they will contaminate
underground water systems (see sect. 5)
*Ranges from 284’F (14O’C) to 392-F (2OO’C).
SECTION
=y-.
5. REACTIVITY’
‘DATA’
Stabilityil’olymerization:
Polychlorinated biphenyls are very stable materials. Hazardous polymerization cannot occur.
Chemical Incompatibilities:
PCBs can react dangerously with sodium or potassium. These reactions are part of an industrial process used
to destroy PCBs; however, people have be-en killed by explosions at PCB treatmen storage, and disposal sites. Conditions to
Avoid: Limit human exposure to PCBs to the lowest possible level; especially avoid contact with skin. Hazardous Products of Decompositoa: Thermal-oxidative degradation of PCBs can produce toxic gases such as carbon monoxide, chlorine, chlorinated aromatic fragments, phenolics. aldehydes, and hydrogen chloride. Incomplete combustion of PCBs produces toxic compounds such as polychlorinated
dibenzofuran (PCDF, the major product of combustion), and polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin (PCDD or dioxin).
No. 683
POLYCHLOFUNATE
‘SECTION
6.
HEALTH
D BIPHENYLS
HAZARD
1 l/88
(F’CBs)
INFORMATION
_..i:;,.,i,,;.:--.i:::
.. .... :,
:.
:.. .:
:
Carctoogenlclty:
The EPA lists PCBs as carcinogens, and the IARC classifies them as probable human carcinogens (group 2B).
Summary of Risks: Effects of accidental exposure to PCBs include acneform emptions; eye discharge; swelling of the upper eyelids and
hyperemia of the conjunctiva; hyperpigmentation of skin, nails, and mucous membrane; chloroacne; distinctive hair follicles; fever; hearing
difficulties; limb spasms; headache; vomiting; and diarrhea. PCBs are potent liver toxins that can be absorbed through unbroken skin in
hazardous amounts without immediately discernible pain or discomfort. Severe health effects can develop later. In experimental animals,
prolonged or repeated exposure to PCBs by any route results in liver damage at levels that are less than those reported to have caused cancer
in rodents. Medical Conditions Aggravated by Long-Term Exposure: None reported. Target Organs: Skin, eyes, eyelids, blood, liver.
Primary Entry: Inhalation, skin contact/absorption. Acute Effects: Skin and eye irritation, acaeform dermatitis, nausea, vomiting,
abdominal pain, jaundice, liver damage. Chronic Effects: Possible cancer (evidence of this is inconclusive); reproductive effects (jaundice,
excessive secretion of tears, dermal chromopexy); and hepatitis. FIRST AID: Eyes. Immediately flush eyes, including under the eyelids,
gently but thoroughly with flooding amounts of running water for 15 minuk~.
Skin. Rinse exposed skin with flooding amounts of water;
wash with soap and water. Inhalation. Remove the exposed person to fresh air; restore and/or support breathing as needed. Have qualified
medical personnel administer oxygen as required Ingestion. Induce vomiting by sticking your fiiger to the back of the exposed person’s
throat. Have him or her drink 1 to 2 glasses of milk or water. Get medical help (in plant, paramedic, community) for all exposures
Seek prompt medical assistance for further treatment, observation, and support
after first aid. Note to Physiclan: PCBs are poorly metabolized, soluble in lipids, and they accumulate in tissues or organs rich in lipids. Liver function tests can help to determine the extent of body
damage in exposed persons. If electrical equipment containing PCBs arcs over, the PCBs or other hydrocarbon dielectric fluids may
decompose and give off hydrochloric acid (HCI), a potent
respiratory irritant.
_
/
SECiION
/
-7. SPiLL,:.‘LEAli,;
AND
DIiPOiAL
PROCEDURES’;;‘.
‘-‘:I’-:-.-.i: .:.::-::. ..,..
Spill/Leak: Treat any accidental release of PCBs as an emergency. An SPCCP (spill-prevention control and countermeawre plan) must be
formulated before spills or &akF occur. PCBs are resistant to biodegradation, soluble in lipids, and chemically stable; as such they have
become significant contaminants of global ecosystems. Releases of PCBs require immediate, competent professional response from trained
personnel. Each release situation is unique and requires a specifically designed cleanup resporue. General recommendations include adhering to Federal regulations (40 CFR Part 761). Notify safety personnel, evacuate nonessential personnel, ventilate the spill area, and contain
the PCBs. All wastes, residues, and contaminated cleanup equipment from the incident are subject to EPA requirements (40 CFR 761).
Consult your attorney or appropriate regulatory officials for information about reporting requirements and disposal procedures. Waste
Disposal: Contact your hazardous waste disposal fm or a licensed contractor for detailed recommendations. especially when PCBs are
unexpectedly discovered. Follow Federal, state, and local regulations. PCBs are biomagnified in the food chain; i.e., their concentration
increases at each link. The disposal of PCBs or of PCB-contaminated materials is strictly regulated; violations of applicable laws can result
in fines, lawsuits, and negative publicity. Warning: Accidental spills of PCBs that may affect water supplies must be reported to Coast
Guard personnel at the National Response Center, telephone (202) 426-2675.
OSHA Designations
Listed as an Air Contaminant (29 CFR 1910.1000 Subpart Z).
EPA Designations (40 CFR 302.4)
CERCLA Hazardous Substance, Reportable Quantity: 10 lbs (4.54 kg), per the Clean Water Act (CWA), $8 311 (b) (4) and 307 (a).
SECTION
$3.. SPECIAL.
PROTE(-JJ’ION:
m,ORMATffjN
: ..;;.l”$ ;$:;i.;; ;:<;;g;;f$-.--:1-:;j;$;.‘:j!‘I ;.:: .L:‘;.:‘: ..:: I
Goggles: Always wear protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles. Where splashing of PCBs is possible, wear a full face shield.
Follow OSHA eye- and face-protections regulations (29 CFR 1910.133). Respirator: Wear a NIOSH-approved respirator per Genlum
reference 88 for the maximum-use concentrations and/or exposure limits cited in section 2. Follow OSHA respirator regulations (29 CFR
19 10.134). For emergency or nonroutine operations (leaks or cleaning reactor vessels and storage tanks), wear an SCBA. Warning: Airpurifying respirators will not protect workers in oxygen-deficient atmospheres. Other: Wear impervious gloves, boots, aprons, and
gauntlets, etc., to prevent any contact of PCBs with your skin. Ventilation:
Install and operate general and local maximum, explosion-proof
ventilation systems powerful enough to maintain airborne levels of this material below the OSHA PEL standards cited in section 2. Local
exhaust ventilation is preferred because it prevents dispersion of the contamination into the general work area by eliminating it at its source.
Consult the latest edition of Genium reference 103 for detailed recommendations. Safety Stations: Make emergency eyewash stations,
safety/quick-drench showers, and washing facilities available in work areas. Contaminated Equipment: Contact lenses pose a special
hazard; soft lenses may absorb irritants, and all lenses concentrate them. Do not wear contact lenses in any work area. Remove contaminated
clothing and launder it before wearing it again; clean this material from your shoes and equipment. Heavily soiled clothing must be properly
discarded in a manner consistent with applicable regulations. Comments: Practice good personal hygiene; always wash thoroughly after
using this material and before eating, drinking, smoking, using the toilet, or applying cosmetics. Keep it off your clothing and equipment
Avoid transferring it from your hands to your mouth while eating, drinking, or smoking. Do not eat, drink, or smoke in work areas.
SECTION
9.: SPEC&iL
.PRECAUTIONS
AND
COMMENTS..,
:
: :;:
.’... : :.’
.’ .
-‘.
Storage Segregation:
Store PCBs in closed containers in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area. Protect containers from physical damage.
Special Handling/Storage:
All storage facilities must have adequate. containment systems (dikes; elevated, nonporous holding platforms;
retaining walls) to prevent any major release of PCBs into the environment. Carefully design and implement these extra precautions now; do
not wait until you have to respond to an accidental release of this material.
Transportation
Data (49 CFR 172.101-2; PCBs were the first materials to be directly regulated by Congress by way of TSCA in 1976.)
IMO Shipping Name: Polychlorinated Biphenyls
DOT Shipping Name: Polychlorinated Biphenyls
IMO Hazard Class:.9
DOT Hazard Class: ORM-E
IMDG Packaging Group: II
ID No. UN 23 115
DOT Packaging Requirements:
49 CFR 173.510
[email protected]
References:
1,6,26.38,
84-94, 100, 101, 116, 117, 120. 122.
Prepared by PJ Igoe, BS; Industrial
Technical
Hygiene Revlew: DJ Wilson,
CM; Medical
Review: W Silverman, MD
Review: Northeast Analytical, Inc. (PCB and VQC Specialists), Schenectady, New York, Telephone:
(51ti) 3464592
Material Safety Data Sheets Collection:
Genium
I’
6
Publishing
Corporation
1145 Catalyn Street
Schenectady, NY 12303-1836
(518) 377-8854
p
Sheet No. 517
Pentachlorophenol
USA
Issued: 10183
Sectionl.
MaterialIdentification-
.,.
...::. :.I
:
:..
Revision: A, 1l/90
:
Pentachlorophenol
(C,HCI,O) Descri tlon: Derived by chlorination of phenol in the presence of a catal st.
Used as a fungicide. a bactericide. a mo E usctctde.
”
an alecide. an insecticide (termite control) and herbict J e foreTarvest defoli&t); in sodium pen&lorophenate~
in w&d preservation (tele ‘hone poles, pi&rgs, etc.), wood=
Troducts, starches, dextrins, and glues. Other registered industrial uses inclu 1 e boat and building construction;
reatment of cable coverings, canvas belting, nets, and construction lumber and poles; mold control in petroleum
drilling and production; incorporation in pamts, pulp, pulp stock, pa r, cooling tower water, and hardboard and
particle board. Registered homeowner uses include maintenance of geoats, trailers, station wagons, siding, fences,
and outdoor furniture.
Other Designations: CAS No. 0087-86-5, chlorophen, PCP, penchlorol, penta.
Manufacturer: Contact your supplier or distributor. Consult the latest Chemicalweek Buyers’ GuidP)
for a
suppliers list.
Caurlons: Pentachlorophenol is highly foxic by skin absorpfion,
ingestion,
and inhlution.
The agent is highly
irritating. General metabolism, the hear& the cuculatory system, the liver, and the kidneys may be affected.
t PCP is freely soluble in alcohol, ether, and benzene. Depending on medium, PcP’s health and flammability hazards increase in solution
Section 2. Ingredients
and [email protected]
Pentachlorophenol, ca lOO%*
1989 OSHA PEL
8-hr TWA (skin): 0.5 mg/m’
1990-91 ACGIH TLV
TWA (skin): 0.5 mg/m’
1987 IDLH Level
150 mgim’
1988 NIOSH REL
None established
Lirt$s,:, :.
HM;YS
Solutiont
HMIS
H 3
F2
;i
R 0
PPGS
!PG;
ssec.8
SSec.8
with such media.
. .
1985-86 Toxicit Data?
Rat, ora!, LD,. 4 7 mg&g ingested affects the vascular (blood ressure elevation),
endocrme (hyperglycemia), nutritional, and gross metabolic Pbody temperature
mcrease) systems
Rat, inhalation, LC : 355 mg/m’ inhaled affects behavior (excitement; muscle
contraction or spa&city) and respiration (shortness of breath)
* ‘Technical grade pentachlorophenol contains tracesof hexa, hepta, and octachlorodibenzopdioxins; hexa, hepta, and octachlorodibeazofu~ns; and hexa&]+
robcnzcnc.
t Set MIOSH, RTECS (Sh163OCCOO), for additional irritative: mutative, reeroductive, and toxicitv data.
;-
Section 3. Physical Data
.,
‘..
: : ;.
“.
Boiling Point: 588 to 590 ‘F (309 to 310 ‘C),* 592 ‘F (311 ‘C) (decomposes)t
Molecular Weight: 266.35
Meltin Point: 374 ‘F (190 “C),* 374 “F (190 “C)t
S ecific Gravity (22 ‘C/4 ‘C): 1.978
Vapor 5 ressure: 0.00011 mm Hg at 77 “F (25 “C)
$ ater Solubility: 14 mg/l at 20 ‘C
Vapor Density (Air = 1): 9.2
Appearance and Odor: Light brown or tan flake or solid with a phenolic odor and pungent taste. Odor detection is at 1.6 mg/l.
* Pentachlorophenol solution
t Dry pentachlorophenol
Y..
TG% _-^- 4.._ -Pire
and -~‘r-l
Fknlnsion
Data
: 1.
---”
-- - ---.:. .
IA .utoignition Temperature: None reported
1 LEL: None reported
Flash Point: None reported
j DEL: None reported
Extinguishing Media: Since pentachlorophenol is noncombustible, use extinguishing medi; a appropriate to the surrounding fire: dry chemical,
water sorav. carbon dioxide. or foam. Use the water sorav to cool fire-exoosed containers.
iJnusu& Fire or Explosion Hazards: When involved in’ a fiie! pentachlbrophenol emits toxic fumes. Wood treated with 5% pentachlorophenol
solution or pentachlomphenol in petroleum solvents such as mmeral spirits or kerosine are combustible.
Special Fire-fighting Procedures: Isolate hazard area and deny entry. Since fire may produce toxic fumes, wear a self-contained breathin
apparatus (SCBA) wtth a full facepiece operated in the pressure-demand or positive-pressure mode and full protective equipment. Avoid s&i n
contact. If feasible, remove containers from fiie area. Be aware of runoff from fii control methods. Do not release to sewers or waterways,
Section 5. Reactivity Data
,-
.:
Stability/Polymerization:
Pentachlorophenol is stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Hazardous polymerization cannot occur. Pentachlorophenol solutions subjected to sunlight or ultraviolet light undergo photochemical degradation.
Chemical Incompatibilities:
Pentachlorophenol is incompatible with strong oxidizers and alkalies.
Conditions to Avoid: Avoid contact with heat and ignition sources (open flame, electric arcs, or hot surfaces) which can cause thermal decomposition.
Hazardous Products of Decomposition: Thermal oxidative decomposition of pentachlorophenol can produce hydrogen chloride, chlorine, and
chlorinated hydrocarbons. Prolonged heating above 392 “F (200 ‘C) produces traces of octachlorcdibenzo-para-dioxin.
..
_.
Section-6.
Health
Hazard
Data
Carcinogenicity: There is animal evidence of an increase in liver and endocrine tumors in some research studies, but not in others. Also, PCP
shares some structural similarity to other carcinogens. However, NTP, IARC, and OSHA do not list PCP as a carcinogen. It may bc toxic to the
fetus, espcciall during early pregnancy.
Summary of I?asks: Airborne exposure is irritating to the eyes, skin, throat, and lungs, and may cause acute and possibly chronic effects (see
below). Levels above 1 mg/m’ may cause cough, sneezing, and tearing of the eyes, especially in unacclimated workers. Skin contact is also
irritating and provides an efficient way for the chemical to enter the body and cause s stemic poisoning. Skin rashes (dermatitis) including
chloracne (a severe and persistent cystic form of acne characterized by blackheads, w i. ueheads. and vellow cysts) mav result from rcoeated or
prolonged contact with even dilute solutions (e.g., 1%). Ingestion may cause severe systemic pbisonlng.
’ ’
’
Continue
on mxl ~(196
No. 5 17
Pentachlorophenol
11190
Section 6. Health Hazard Data, continued
.:.
.:..‘. ..... : .;.,j,.:.
;: .:. ..:.
I
Medical Conditions Aggravated by Lo -Term Exposure: Individuals with kidney, liver, endocrine, and metabolic disorders may be at a
_ _ higher risk from exposure to pentachlorop “A enol. Consult a physician.
== Target .-_
Organs:
Cardiovascular system, endocrine system, geoeral metabolism, liver, kidneys, respiratory system, eyes, skin. and central nervous
-.
Eyes: Gently lift the eyelids and flush immediately and cootiouously with flooding amounts of water until transported to an emergeocy medical
facility. Consult a physician immediately.
remove contaminated clothing. Rinse with flooding amounts of water for at least 15 min. For reddened or blistered sl&, consult a
(including electrolytes, LFIs, BUN,
A reaulatioos (29 C
blsposal: Contact your supplier or a licensed’cootractor for det&ed recommendations. Follow r applicabl e Federal, state, and local regulations.
EPA Designations
Listed as a RCRA Hazardous Waste (40 CFR 261.33), RCRA Waste No. U242
ListedasaCE RCLA Hazardous Substance* 140 CFR 302.4).I. Renortable
Quantity
10lb (4.54 kg) 1’c Per Clean Water Act, Sec. 31 l(b)(4),
.
Sec. 307(a), and er RCRA, Sec. 30011
.
-SARA Extremely R azardous Substaoce (40 CFR 355): Not listed
,isted as a SARA Toxic Chemical (40 CFR 372.65)
OSHA Designations
Listed as an Air Contamioaot (29 CFR 1910.1000, Table Z-l-A)
:’
.
high concentrations may r&uire afufl containment suit. Always consult an industriaihygie&t.
Ventilation: Provide general and local exhaust ventilation systems to maintain airborne concentrations below both OSHA PEL and ACGIH TLV
(Sec. 2). Local exhaust ventilation is preferred smce it prevents cootaminant dispersion into the work area by controlling it at its source!i~
Safety Stations: Make available in the work area emergency eyewash stations, safety/quick-drench showers, and washmg facilities.
Contaminated Equipment: Never wear contact lenses in the work area: soft lenses may absorb, and all lenses concentrate, i&ants. Remove this
material from our shoes and equipment. Launder contaminated clothing before wearing. Use separate lockers for street clothes.
Comments: d ever eat, drink or smoke in work areas. Practice good personal hygiene after using this material, especially before eating, drinking,
smoking, using the toilet or applying cosmetics.
S&[email protected]$i I$+-$$&..
;,;,.,,.
‘i.i:,.;j..ji. ..jij:$j.‘fj?+j<i
:!4;;;
{C;.;j::i..i
j.i..j ;:I.1.j:i;z::;;<.i‘T;:;j:F’j:.
5\:i.:I;t:
: ;: ..
.,..&$J&~~fi$
,_,...
....,....
........ ,. “$hd
... ?...,cb&#$sj
..
...,....... .“.. .,:.;.:;..:j
...,~j,i:i;~;
.,,..,
.2;.,..
../...;..:.,.
/ :,...
-,1.‘1j /;,;../;-.$i-;;ii’
‘. :: :.:_:
.... . . ..:../.../.....
I
Storage Requirements: Store io proper1 labeled and closed containers in a cool, dry, well-ventilated, low fue hazard area awa from heat and
ignition sources and combustible maten & . Protect containers from physical damage. Outside or detached storage is preferred. 1 ccumulated
siudge at the bottom of di ing tanks may concentrate toxic i urities-at much hiiher levels than ori ioal prr&ct Ij, not reuse drums. Clean
empty drums, liners, and I!?ock wrappings in accordance with “g4 CFR 261.7(b)(3) prior to returning Bor recooditiooing, recycling. or other
disjn&l.
Engineering Controls: Educate workers about pentachlorophenol’s hazards. Avoid skin contact and vapor or dust inhalation. Use only with
adequate ventilatioo and appropriate personal protective gear. Institute a respiratory protection program that includes regular training, maioteDance, ins ection, and evaluation. Practice good personal hygiene and housekeeping procedures.
Medical d urveillance: Preplacemeot and eriodic medical evaluations should.ioclude a.complete history and physical examioatioo and a
biochemical rotile (includmog LFTs, BU If , creahome,
”
and elecfrol tes). Consider baseltne pulmoo
fuoctiootests. Perform biologic monitoring
Y lecnoos
.
for PCP leve E at the end of work shifts (plasma) and toward end o r workweek (urine). 24-hr urine co
are more. accurate than spot testing.
Transportation
Data (49 CFR 172.102)
lM0 Shipping Name: Chlorophenols, liquid
IMO Shipping Name: Chlorophenols, solid
IMO Hazard Class: 6.1
LMO Hazard Class: 6.1
ID
No.: UN2020
ID No.: UN2021
IMO Label: St. Andrews Cross
MO Label: St. Aodrews Cross
IMDG Packaglog Group: III
,MDG Packaging Group: III
._
MALATHION
I-
‘I
u
6.2
6.4
-
6.1
MLT
MALATHION
MLT
(l1217
LJQUlD
SATURATED
Tempratu-s
ww-
f=l
77
70
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
it6
87
aa
09
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
94
99
100
101
102
LIQIJID
DENSITY
12.18
HEAT CAPACITY
UQUIO
THERMAL
1210
CONOUCTIVITY
Blnb3h
Hwndl
wuere
POMdSpecCdJk
root (estlnute)
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120
125
130
135
140
145
150
77.069
77.089
77.069
77.089
77.009
77.069
77.089
77.089
77.069
77.069
77.089
77.089
77.009
77.009
77.089
77.089
77.089
77.009
77.089
77.089
77.089
77.088
n.009
77.089
77.089
77.089
N
0
1
380
,384
,389
.393
.39a
A02
A06
.411
,415
.420
.424
,429
A33
.43a
LIQUID
(
amrmd
per hwrfoot-F
:
R
T
I
N
E
N
T
celtlpolae
70
72
74
76
70
00
82
64
86
88
90
92
94
96
9a
100
102
104
106
108
110
112
114
116
118
120
45.270
42880
40.260
37.090
35.070
33.880
32.020
30.270
28.620
27.080
25.630
24.270
-
, -._
REl
20.6!50
19.580
l&!XO
17.630
16.740
15.mO
15.100
14.350
13.650
12.980
12.350
11.750
L
-z
.SOLUBILITY
T
12.21
IN WATER
SATURATEDv&%
PRESSURE
24
iT CAPACITY
SATURATED
%Sti
77.02
.014
N
0
T
N
E
N
T
:
R
T
I
N
E
N
T
.a-
\
L
-.
PARATHION
PTO
u
u
I.4
I.1
-dM*:u5+xsam
-r--h
-.
umhrnpmbm-u
u
w-mv*r(hql4nuwwm
.I
-.
PARATHION
PTO
SATURATE0
1217
UQUIO
UaulO
0ENSll-Y
1216
HEAT CAPACITY
UQUIO
THERYAl.
1219
CONOUCTlVllY
Temperature
MYF)
Temperature
WV-F)
65
70
75
60
65
eo
95
100
105
110
115
120
125
65
70
75
60
65
90
95
100
105
110
115
120
125
130
79.379
79.209
79.049
76.679
76.719
76.559
76.400
76.240
76.060
77.929
77.770
77.620
77.459
,336
339
341
343
,345
347
349
.350
.352
.354
.356
.35a
359
361
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
66
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
367
367
.ge7
.067
387
.ss?
,067
.967
.Q67
.067
.967
.ga?
.967
367
.967
.067
.967
.m7
:
Pcunds
pounds
per 100
of water
I
N
S
0
L
U
B
L
E
::
T
P
E
R
T
I
ii
N
T
R
E
A
C
x
S
L
0
W
L
Y
UQUlOz&In
65
70
75
60
65
00
85
100
105
110
115
120
125.
cellupdse
20.340
16.290
16.460
14.660
13.460
12.200
11 .O?O
10.070
9.173
6.370
7.648
7.001
6.417
DfAZINON
:-
DZN
I DZN
DIAZINON
/’-A’
\
SANRATEO
Temperature
WV0
1217
uauto
oEHscry
ualJl0
70260
70.209
70.139
70.070
7o.ooa
69.929
69.860
69.790
69.730
69.660
69.589
69.520
69.450
69.379
69.309
69.24a
69.169
69.099
THERYAL
1219
CONOUCTlVrrY
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
56
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
.4ca
A00
A00
Am
.400
.4Qo
.4aJ
.400
A00
.400
.400
.44x
.400
.ux)
Am
:Z
.4m
A00
.400
A00
Am
.4oa
.400
.4Qo
.4&J
1222
VAPOR
PRESSURE
UQUlO
wishumrmal
unitiodrperhoures
YSFF
y%3$x$F
SATURATED
Pounds
pounds
UWIO
IBrlWllhWlldUflit
PCUt-KiSperCdSC
foot (estimate)
52
54
56
58
60
62
64
66
66
70
72
74
76
70
80
62
a4
86
1216
HEAT CAPACITY
51
52
53
1.046
1.046
1.046
1.046
1.046
1.048
1.046
I.046
l.W3
1.0423
1.046
1.046
1.046
1.048
1.048
1.046
1.046
1.046
1.048
1.048
1.046
1.044
1.048
1.046
1.046
1.048
5:
56
57
59
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
88
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
SATURATED
:i&fR
OEUSllY
1
c8t-ttipoise
(estimate)
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
66
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
IDEALGASH
4.064
4.oa5
3.948
3.892
3.636
3.762
3.729
3.6TI
3.625
3.575
3.525
3.476
3.426
3.361
3.335
3290
3245
3201
3.156
3.116
3.074
3.933
2993
2954
2.915
2.077
24
T CAPAClTY
per loo
of water
so4
::
T
P
E
R
T
I
N
E
N
T
.-
c&P
I-
Genium
Publishing
Corporation
1145 cataiyn street
Schenectady, NY 12303-1836
(518)377-8854
USA
Material Sqfety Data Sheets Collection:
Sheet No. 68
Calcium Hypochlorite
Issued: 7/80
Revision: A, 1 l/89
,.‘::I,.::
‘..
.:;
j
:
.,;
~
,:
j
I::::
:::.?I
:;.;.;:i’:;::
.::.:,.j..,.,.:.~...:.
:. i :..:,.,:.:...,.,
“....,,;.
::::.,q’l:>:::::::
i.(,:;:i’::.j
‘,:‘:“”
,:\.
.. -:/>....... .,‘1:.::.:,::
; 30
\,~~ .,.,,:...:...
-- ,:::;.::c::p.;:.:
Calcium Hypochlorlte Description: Calcium hypochlorite dihydratc precipitates from chlorinated lime slq
R I
NUDA
and caustic soda and is dried under vacuum to produce calcium hypochlorite. Used as a disinfectant (for
swimming pools), bleaching agent (paper towels), fungicide, deodorant, oxidizing agent bactericide, and
algicide; in sugar refining and potable water purification.
Other Designations: Calcium oxychloride (improperly called); losantin; hypochlorous acid; calcium salt;
HTHQ (high-test hypochlorite); lime chloride; Ca(OCI),; CAS No. 7778-54-L
Manufacturer:
Contact your supplier or distributor, Consult the latest Chemicohvcek Buyers’ Guide @e&m
ref. 73) for a suppliers list.
* Concentration is usually stated in terms of weight 46 of available chlorine (see ASTM D2022). This material umtains 3946 or less avail&k ad=.
~&km
hypwhlorite
mixture, dry, contains more Ihan 39% available chlorine. HTTP contains about 70% available chlorine. Solid matetials with less than 39% avajhble
AWine
I
iadude
chloride of lime and bleaching
powder, which contain FIN& cikzide
ion, water, and possibly ocher imputities,
for example,
Ca(tXQCio2$~.
nc
presenceof magnesium hypochlorile in material of high available chlorine level may reduce its stability.
S&tio~
3, Physical
:I)at&
: j ‘.’ 1’:: j 1.;y: .‘.1‘.y: ~~~::‘:~~~T.j.z:,: i ; ‘T-p’_“1iI;<,jij- i; ;.;ii, Isn’t;:‘::: ‘1.t+jI i:fsips:i :ii::i~.~~~~~::i:i’:~<~<[~~~j~
::::;;~~:~,:Z~<,,;‘:
r :.‘l; .:..
..i.:.: : .:.y:~::.::\-.:..::.
.,:.::. ...... _,::
.......:.:.~‘:
.:.::..;....
_.......
.... ,.
Boiling Point: None reported
Specific Gravity WO = 1 at 39 ‘F (4 l C)): 2.35
Melting Point: Decomposes at 212 ‘F (100 ‘C)
Water SolubLUty: Soluble
Molecular Weight: 142.98 g/m01
-h
Appearance
and Odor: White nonhygroscopic (doesn’t absorb moisture from the air) granules or tablets with a strong chlorine odor.
Sectiofi 4. Fire .and E&&&oh
?aN ‘./f; f;;,;;.;.+$
~~3
‘i:f.$
.!I;i;f -;j ;:’:i:.frj:~
i.:iii’.;;.~,:-i-1,:;~i-c-::~~~~:~,
! ;$:.‘:
I:!i;.z$,E;!{,~~iji,::~.:::-:::~::~~~~,
;:“-z$,
;-fi+.,I..,.
,i . .. ;.: .. .::.:..:; .., ..-.:::::..,:.-.i . .I
Flash Point: None reported
1 Au~~gniUoa Temperature: None reported
1 LEL: None reported
1 UEL: None npoti
Extinguishing Media: Use a water spray to COOI fiixposed
containers of this material and drench the area with large amounts of water from a
safe position. Never use a dry chemical or Co,.
Unusual Flre or Explosion Hazards: When heated in a fm situation, containers can rupture violently! Contaminating or mixing c&ium
hypochlorite with foreign materials (combustibles, grease, chemicals, fuels) can cause fues of great intensity. Its solid formis moderately
explosive when heated.
Special Fire-fighting Procedures: Wear a selfcontained breathing apparatus (SCBA) with a full facepiece operated in the pressure-demand or
positive-pressure mode. Full protective clothing is also necessary. Fight massive fms using unmanned hose holders. If this is impossible, let fin
burn and withdraw from hazardous areas.
,-
contamination. Hazardous polymerization cannot occur.
Chemical Incompatibilities:
Calcium hypochlorite is a powerful oxidizing agent that readily ignites combustibles. Violent reactions or explosions can occur, for example, with amines. carbon te.trachloride and heat, carbon or charcoal and heat, ethyl alcohol, metal oxides, memqtons,
sulfur, turpentine, strong reducing agents, organic matter, combustible materials, nitromethane, ammonium chloride, N,N+hlommtbylam&
and heat, acetic acid and potassium cyanide, ethanol, isobutanethiol, methanol, 1-pro-panethiol, and rust. Reacts with water or steam to produce
toxic and corrosive fumes or HCl and Cl-(Sec. 6). Potentially explosive with sodium carbonate, starch, and sodium hydrogen sulfate. Reaction
with nitrogenous bases or acetylene forms explosive products. Ignites on contact with glycerine algacide and hydroxy compounds (e.g., glycerol,
diethylene glyccl monomethyl ether, and phenol), and organic sulfur compounds. Material containing over 60% available chlorine ignites on
contact with lubricating oil (addition of about 20% or more water prevents this). On contact with acids it forms hypochlorous acid and liberates
Cl, gas. It forms the highly explosive NCl, with urea.
Hazardous Products of Decomposition: Rapid exothermic (heat-producing) decomposition above 347 ‘F(175 ‘C) releases oxygen and chlorine.
When heated to decomposition, calcium hypochlorite emits highly toxic hydrochloric acid (HCI) fumes and explodes.
Carcinogeatclty: Neither the NTP, IARC, nor OSHA lists calcium hypochlorite as a carcinogen.
Summary of Risks: This strong oxidizingagentcanirritateanddamage
all thetissueit contacts,with thedegreeof injury depending
on thedose,
availablechlorinelevel, aadexposuretime.Thechlorinethiscompound
generates
is theprimarytoxic agent.Boththepowderand solutions
producechlorinelevelscorrosiveto body tissues.
Inhalingits vaporisextremelyirritatingandtoxic. Possible
injuriesinclude:conjunctivitis,
blepharitis
(inflammation
of themarginsof theeyelids),corneatulcerations,
giagivitis,contactdermatitis,aadtoothdamage.
Medhl
Coaclldons Aggravated by Long-Term Exposure: Repeated contactcanseverelydamage
tissue.Target Organs:Skin,eyes,respiratorysystem,
stomach.
Primary Entry: Inhalation,ingestion.Acute Effects: Skin contactcaaproduceirritationaadvesiculareruptions.Dustinhalation
irritatestherespiratorytract aadmaycausepulmonaryedema.Ingestionirritatesthemouth,throat,andstomach, and gastric acid liberates
hypochlorous
acid.Fatalitiescaaresultfromseverecomplications
of localinjury, shock,toxemia,hemorrage,
wallperforation,aadobstruction.
ChronicEffects: Eczematoiddermatitismayresultfrom repeated
skincontact.Eyecontactcancausesevereeyedamage.
FIRST AID
Eyes:Flushimmediately,includingundertheeyelids,gentlybut thoroughlywith flooding~EWUO~S of running waterfor at least15min.
Skin: After riasiae:effectedareawith floodingamounts
of water,washit with soapaadwater.Inhalation: Remove exposed person to freshair
andsupportbreath&gasneeded.Ingestfort:Nevergive aaythiagby mouthto anunconscious
or convulsingperson.If ingested,promptlyrinse
mouthof conscious
personwith waterbeforegiving largeamounts
of milk or waterto drink,followedby millrof magnesia.
After first aid, get appropriate
S&$n?.
.:$p&&&
ln-plant, paramedic,
&d
or community
&sp&~~~r&du~&
medical nttentlon and support.
:,I: .,.i,~.~i:::i~.:.;j~~~~i:~:-i.;.;-i:~~i~~,;.i~:::.~::.~i~,~,~~~~~~:~.~~~~~,~~~~::~~~~~~.:~~~;.~:i,,:;.~~‘~..;~i~.~~~~~.~~
. _...
.... .:.. : ... ...... .....:.. . ..,,... ..,.., ;i-i:;.:
SpUYLeak:Notify safetypersonnel
of spills.Removecombustibles
aadignitionsources.
Thoseinvolvedin cleanupneedptoteetionagainst
contactwith thesolidanddustinhalation.Preventdustgenerationaadpreventdirectdischarge
into sewers
or waterwayssincethismaterial,ia
low concentrations,
istoxic to aquaticlife. Recoveruncontaminated
solidmaterialin clean,dry coataiaers.
Coverotherspilledmaterialwith week
reducingagents(3M H$O, with bisulfitesor ferroussalts),slurry it with water, aadthenflushit with waterto a suitableholdingtank.Washspilr
sitewell with soapsolutioncontainingaweekreducingagent.
Disposal:Usereducingagentsto destroyavailablechlorine.Adjustthisreducedliquid’spH to neutralaaddecant.Discharge
neutralliquid,
dilutiagwith muchwater.Dispose
of neutralsludge(if any)in alandfiil. Contactyour supplieror alicensedcontractorfor detailedrecoauaeadatioas.FollowapplicableFederal,state,andlocalregulations.
OSHA Designations
Air Contaminant
(29CFR 1910.1000,
SubpartZ): Not listed
EPA Designations
RCRAHazardous
Waste(40CFR261.33):Not listed
Listedasa CERCLAHazardousSubstance*
(40CFR302.4),Reportable
Quantity
0):
10lb (4.54kg) [* perCleanWaterAct, [email protected])(4)]
SARA ExtremelyHazardous
Substance
(40CFR355):Not listed
SARA Toxic Chemical(40 CFR372.65):Not listed
Section 8. Sp~al.ProfectionDa~
.:.,‘.‘. ;,,:,::,..:.‘.i:j:.;:‘~ “:.:i- ...‘~,,.:.1
‘:;i’iI’l’;“‘i:,:~I~::~.‘~;‘::.I.~._i-:I::i.i::i.ill:;i’i:!:-”~:-.-::,.i:,;“.‘::;.,.:n:.I
;.:~~~~:~~:;‘i-.-:i-ii~~.~.‘~.~~
,: .’:i .i.: .::.::::::,
; : .-....,:.,( ;:,:.i;:zi,.::~::;:.~~:~~.:~..:
‘...:::;..).:.{,,.?.
,,.,,,,.-,,I .. .:..:
Goggles:Wearprotectiveeyeglasses
or chemicalsafetygoggles,perOSHAeye-sadface-protection
regulations
(29CFR 1910.133).
Respirator:Wear aNIOSH-approvedrespiratorif necessary.
FollowOSHA respiratorregulations
(29CFR 1910.134).
For emergency
or
noaroutiaeoperations
(cleaningspills,reactorvessels,
or storagetanks),wearanSCBA.Usea dustrespiratorasrequiredfor dustyconditions.
Warning: Air-purifying respirators
do not protectworkersia oxygeadeficieatatmospheres.
Other: Wearimpervious neoprene
gloves,boots,aprons,sadgauntlets to preventprolongedor repeatedskincontact.
Ventilation: Providegeneralandlocalexplosion-proof
ventilationsystern~ to maintainairborneconceatratioas
thatpromoteworkersafetyaad
productivity.Localexhaustventilationispreferredsinceit prevents contaminant
dispersion
into thework area by eliminatingit atits source
(Geaiumref. 103).
SafetyStations:Makeavailableia thework areaemergency
eyewashstations,safety/quickdreach
showers,
aadwashingfacilities.
ContaminatedEquipment:Neverwearcontactlenses
in theworkarea:softleases
may absorb,andall leases
conc-eatrate,
irritants.Launder
contaminated
clothingbeforewearing.Removethismaterialfromyour shoes sadequipment.
Comments:Nevereat,driak, or smoke in work areas.Practicegoodpersonal
hygieneafterusingthismaterial,especiallybeforeeating,drinking,
smoking,usingthe toilet or applyingcosmetics.
.,. :..,..,.
&&ion
9. S p&a!.
p+&Gbni
$j$
CQ~&&$,
: ,:,1 .- : ,:..,: .Y: :. ij~ i..;,,jj, ; .;.i '! :; ,I,;J-i;& ;;.. :s,ij:lb~:~~.i $$:$Y.,; :; --;:i j:.$$~~~ ,;,jj,: ::i:.::...1 !. : : ':':
/
StorageRequirements:Storeawayfromcombustible
andincompatible
materials
(Sec.5) in closedcontainers
in a cool,dry, well-ventilated
low fire-riskarea.Siacetracesof watermayigniteor detonatethismaterial,preventcontamination
andprotectcontainers
fromphysical
damage.
Do notdrop,roll, or skidcontainers.
EagmeermgControls:Calciumhypochlorite,apowerfuloxidizing agent,is a dangerous
fire hazardwhenit c~atactsorganicmaterials.
hfix it
only with water.Thesewatersolutioasareunstable,but undergoa slowdecomposition.
Properstorageandshippingamessential;
separate
this
materialfrom ammonium
compounds
andheatSOU~WS
Transportation
DOT ShippingName:Calciumhypochloritemixture,dry
(containingmorethan39%availablechlorine)
DOT Hazard Class:Oxidizer
ID No.: UN1748
DOT Label: Oxidizer
DOT Packaging Requlrements: 49 CFR 173.217
DOT PackagingExceptions:49 CFR 173.153
Data (49 CFR 172.101, .102)
IMO Shipplng Name: Calciumhypochloritea&ures. dry,
with morethan39%.availablechlorine(8.8%availableoxygen)
IMO Hazard Class: 5.1
IMO Label: Oxidizer
IMDG Packaging Group: 2
101,109,126
Prepared by: MJ Allison, BS; Industrial Hygiene Review: JIJ Wilson, CM; Medical Review: Warren Silverman,MD
MSDS Collection References: 1.81.84.85,90,91,
Ml
Material Safety Data Sheet
I No.603
.
--
From Genium’s Referonce Collection
Genium Publishing Corporation
1145 catal
Street
Schenectady, NY 1T 303-1836 USA
(5 8
8855
I-
‘$EC&&$&~&,~,
JI)EN’I”JCATI(-JN
-NAEIE:
2-CJJLOROACETOPHEXONE
w
GENIJM
PuELlsMMG
:.I\:
,, :
Issued: May 1986
CORP.
..I’
.,,
‘;
:.
2CHLQROACETOPHENONE
mm-:
alpha-Chloroacetophenone,
Chloro Methyl Phenyl Ketone, Mace, Phenacyl Chloride,
Phenylchloromethyl Ketone, Phenyl Chlommethyl Ketone,
C8H7C10, CAS #0532-27-4.
ISMIS
H: 2
F: 1
R: 1
PPE*
*See Sect. 8
-:
Haarmann & Reimer Corp., Aroma Chemical Div., PG Box 175,
111 US Hwy. 22, N. Springfield, NJ 07081;Telephone: (201) 686-3132
Rl
I 4
s 3
8-hr. TWA: 0.05 ppmor
0.3 mg/m3*
Rat, 0-4 LD50:
127 mg/m3
Human, Inhalation, LCLO:
159 mg/m3/20 min.
Human, Inhalation, TCLo:
20 mg/m3: Irritation
* Current (198586) ACGIH TLV or OSHA PEL
Rabbit, Eye:
3 mg, Severe
::. ..,.:.:.
:.:i:,:..::.:.,.
:..:..:.
.?i
Vapor pressure @ 20%, mm Hg ... 0.012
Water Solubility @ 2o’C ... Insoluble
Vapor Density (Air = 1) ... 5.32
Evaporation Rate ... Not Found
.%ii. :..:.::,
y (I-I20 = 1) 1..1.324
Melting Point ... 138-F (59-C)
Percent Volatile by Volume ... ca 100
Molecular Weight ... 154.60
Appearance and odor: Colorless-to
y crystalline solid with a sharp, irritating floral odor. The odor threshold for
2cblomacetetophenone is 0.1 mglmY .
SECTION
$,mE
GND’EXP~oSI0N:?ATA..:..~iIi:-i:ii.~-:~:’.l’.i:~:~i.~“.ii.’~:,:1:.;j
..:::‘.;,j.:.:
LOWER
UPPER
Flash Point and Method
Autoignition Temp.
Flammability Liits in Air
244’F (118°C) CC
Not Found
Not Found
EXnNGUISHING
Carbon dioxide, dry chemical, foam, water fog. Water or foam may cause frothing. Use water
spray to cool tanks/containers exposed to fire.
This OSHA class BIB combustible liquid is a slight fire hazard when exposed to heat, sparks, or open flame, When involved
in a fire, 2chlomacetophenone emits toxic and corrosive vapors.
Fire fighters should use self-contained breathing apparatus and fully protective clothing when fighting fires involving this
material.
SECTION
5,‘Rmamy.
D~TAA-;1.i:~~::i;~~~~,.:.~:i:‘:“i::-::’~:i.”~’l.:~:~~;.i:.~”:,~~,~~~~::~;.~~~:;~j;::j,:j.~ii,..’.,.:1
,!...I.:.:--f: ,. .:,
2-Chlomacetophenone is stable in closed containers at mom temperature under normal storage and handling conditions. It does not
undergo hazardous polymerization.
This material is incompatible with strong oxidizers. It reacts slowly with water or steam, generating hydrogen chloride.
Thermal decomposition or burning produces toxic vapors and gases such as carbon monoxide and fumes of chlorine.
_n
-
No. 603
5186
2ZHLOROACETOPHENONE
GET MEDICAL ASSISTANCE = In plant, paramedic, community. Get medical help for further treatmenf observation, and
support after first aid.
[email protected]
7,‘spIL,l,,
LEAK,
AND
DI$PO$/$L,
pROCEDURE$
.:. :
: I::.:: f .i’:...’ I: ; :...I :.
%I1 J /I .&& Notify safety personnel of large Z-chloroacetophenone spills or leaks. Remove all sources of heat and
ignition. Provide maximum explosion-proof ventilation. Evacuate the spill area and limit access to necessary personnel
only. Remove any leaking containers to a safe place, if feasible. Those involved in cleanup needprotection against contact
with the solid form and inhalation of dust and vapor (see sect. 8).
Scoop, shovel, or vacuum spilled material into closed containers. Use caution to avoid generating dust Flush spill area with
water and collect flushings and waste water for disposal. Do not flush waste to a sewer, watershed, or waterway.
P-
Placewaste in a suitable container for disposal by a licensed contractor, dispose of it in a landfill, or dissolve it in an
organic solvent and burn it in an approved incinerator equipped with an afterburner and a scrubber. Follow all Federal, state,
and local regulations.
$EaI(jN
8, SPECIAL
PROTECTION
JJ(FORmTION
: :,,;:,,,;:..:..;.:2’;,.:i.:.i:.-i:.:.i~.,:,;i’.,i
:,:;:.;.T:;
I,~~_i.:.-.I..:I,:-;:I::irI.I’:
Provtde general and local exhaust ventiahon to meetTLV requuements. Ventiabon fans andother electrical service must be
nonsparking and have an explosion-proof design. Exhaust hoods should have a face velocity of at least 100 lfm (linear feet
perminute).For emergencyor nonroutineexposures
wheretheTLV maybeexceeded,
useanappropriate
NIOSH-approved
respirator.
Imperviousgloves,faceshield,apron,boots,plasticcoveralls,andother protectiveclothingandequipment
shouldbeavailableand
wornasnecessary
to preventcontactwith skinor clothing.Wearsafetygogglesto preventanypossibilityof
2chloroacetophenone
comingin umtactwith theeyes.Removecontaminated
clothingimmediatelyanddonot wearit again
until it hasbeenproperlylaundered.
Eyewashstationsandsafetyshowersshouldbea
availablein useandhandlingareas.
Contactlenses
posea specialhazard;softlenses
mayabsorbirritantsandall lenses
concentrate
them
;, : .:i;:j.:::l..:.-.:.(i:.;ij---.-::
.._. {. .;:.
SECTION, 9. SPECIAL
PRECAUTIONS
AND COM&fE~$:~.:-:
:.
Store2chloroacetophenone
in closedcontainers
in a cool,dry, well-ventilatedareaawayfrom oxidizingagents,heat,sparks,
andopenflame. StorageareamustbesuitabIefor combustible
solids.Protectcontainers
fromphysicaldamage.Groundand
bond conveyingequipmentandstoragecontainers
whentransferringthesolidto preventthepossibilityof adustexplosion.
Any bulk storagesystemshouldhaveanexplosion-relief
design.Do not smokein useor handlingareas.Useonly with
adequate
ventilation. Avoid inhalationof dustandvaporandcontactwith skin,eyes,andclothing.Practicegoodindustrial
hygienewhenhandlingthismaterial.Avoid generatingdust. Emptiedcontainers
retainproductresidues;
handlethem
accordingly!
Preplacement
andperiodicphysicalexaminations
shouldbeprovidedto thosewhoworkwith thismaterial.Individualswith
historiesof chronicrespiratory,skin,or eyedisease
maybeat increased
risk fromexposure.
DOT Classification:IrritatingMaterial. DOT No. UN1697
DataSource(s)Code: 2.4.5.7. 8.23.34,47,63,69.75.78.79-82. CR
r
Judgemnts
as to the~suitability
of information
herein for pmrclasefs
p”posb
are necessarily
purchaser’s responsibility.
Therefore,
altbou~
msonab!e
care
has been taken III fhe preparation
of such infomation.
Geruum F%blishmg Corp.
s
extends no warranties,
makes no repsealations
and &ssumei a0 rsponslbiliLy
to the axumcy
or .witabArty of such infonntioo
for applicabon
to plnhaser’s
Approvals
.FkcdLo
Indust. Hygiene/Safety
Copyright 0 May 1, 1986
-
.:
1
:-
I\
DATE:
3 Dee 1990
HCSDS NO:
20058~
\
,:OISON
\\GAS
\
U.S. ARMY CHEMICAL
RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT
AND ENGINEERING
CENTER
>
Emergency
Telephone
#s:
CRDEC Safety
Office
301-671-4411
0700-1700
EST After
normal
duty
hours:
301-278-5201
Ask for CRDEC Staff
Duty Officer
\,I/'
HD, AND THD (See
Addendum
-------------------------------------------------------------------------~--
A)
MATERIAL
SAFETY DATA SHEET
SECTION I - GENERAL
_-------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURER'S
NAME:
MANUFACTURER'S
ADDRESS:
CAS REGISTRY
A
CHEMICAL
NUMBER:
Department
of
the
INFORMATION
Army
U.S. ARMY ARMAMENT, MUNITIONS
AND CHEMICAL COMMAND
CHEMICAL RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT AND ENGINEERING
CENTER
ATTN:
SMCCR-CMS-E
ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND, MD 21010-5423
505-60-2,
39472-40-7,
68157-62-O
NAME AND SYNONYMS:
Sulfide,
bis
(2-chloroethyl)
Bis(beta-chloroethyl)sulfide
Bis(2-chloroethyl)sulfide
l-chloro-2(beta-chloroethylthio)ethane
beta,
beta'-dichlorodiethyl
2,2'dichlorodiethyl
sulfide
Di-2-chloroethyl
sulfide
beta,
beta'-dichloroethyl
2,2'-dichloroethyl
sulfide
sulfide
sulfide
TRADE NAME AND SYNONYMS:
HD
Sulfur
mustard
Iprit
Kampstoff
"Lost"
Lost
Mustard
Gas
CHEMICAL
Senf gas
S-lost
Sulphur
mustard
gas
S-yperite
Yellow
Cross Liquid
Yperite
FAMILY:
chlorinated
FORMULA/CHEMICAL
STRUCTURE:
C4(H8)C12(S)
sulfur
compound
..
Cl-C-C-S-C-C-Cl
I
I
H
H
NFPA 704
SIGNAL:
H
HS
Health
FlammabilityReactivity-
4
1
1
I
H
I\
I
H
_______________------------------------------------------------------------
SECTION
INGREDIENTS
NAME
FORMULA
Sulfur
C4(H8)C12(S)
Mustard
II
- COMPOSITION
PERCENTAGE
BY WEIGHT
AIRBORNE
EXPOSURE LIMIT
100
0.003
mg/m3
(AEL)
(8 hr-TWA)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
SECTION
BOILING
- PHYSICAL
422 DEG F
POINT DEG F (DEG C):
0.072
DATA
(217 DEG C)
mm Hg @ 20 DEG C
(0.11
SOLUBILITY
IN
tetrachloroethane,
WATER:
Negligible.
Soluble
ethylbenzoate,
and ether.
in
SPECIFIC
(H20=1):
VAPOR PRESSURE (mm Hg):
VAPOR DENSITY
-
III
(AIR=l):
GRAVITY
VOLATILITY:
mm Hg @ 25 DEG C)
5.5
610 mg/m3
920 mg/m3
APPEARANCE AND ODOR:
acetone,
CH3(Cl),
Water clear
if pure.
Normally
pale yellow
Slight
garlic
type odor.
The odor threshold
is 0.0006 mg/m3
to black.
for HD
1.27
@ 20 DEG C
8 20 DEG C
@ 25 DEG C
----------------------------------------
------------------I----------------SECTION IV - FIRE AND EXPLOSION DATA
---------------------------------------------------------------------------FLASHPOINT
FLAMMABILITY
(METHOD USED):
LIMITS
105 DEG C (ignited
(8 by volume):
by large
explosive
charges)
Unknown
foam, co2.
EXTINGUISHING
MEDIA:
Water,
Avoid use of extinguishing
fog,
methods that will
splash
or spread mustard.
SPECIAL FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES:
All persons
not engaged in
extinguishing
the fire
should
be immediately
evacuated
from the area.
Fires
involving
HD
should be contained
to prevent
contamination
to
uncontrolled
areas.
When
responding
to a fire
alarm in buildings
or
areas
containing
agents,
firefighting
personnel
should wear full
firefighter
protective
clothing
(without
TAP clothing)
during
chemical
agent firefighting
and fire
rescue operations.
protection
is
required.
Positive
pressure,
full
facepiece,
Respiratory
breathing
apparatus
(SCBA) will
be worn where
NIOSH-approved
self-contained
by the fire
chief
or
there is danger of oxygen deficiency
and when directed
chemical
accident/incident
(CAI)
operations
officer.
The M9 or Ml7
series
lieu
of
SCBA when there
is
no danger of oxygen
mask may be worn
in
deficiency.
In
cases where firefighters
are responding
to a chemical
accident/incident
for rescue/reconnaissance
purposes
vice
firefighting,
they
will
wear
appropriate
_-
levels
of
protective
clothing
(see
Section
8).
------------__------------------------------------
_-----------------
----SW-
SECTION V - HEALTH HAZARD DATA
_______________---------------------------------------------------------
i
EXPOSURE LIMIT
(AEL):
The AEL for HD is 0.003 mg/m3 as proposed
AIRBORNE
Health
Guidelines
for
in the USAEHA Technical
Guide No. 173, " Occupational
the Evaluation
and Control
of Occupational
Exposure
to Mustard
Agents H, HD,
skin
No individual
should
be intentionally
exposed to any direct
and HT".
or eye contact.
HD is a vesicant
(causing
blisters)
and alkylating
EFFECTS OF OVEREXPOSURE:
(blood-forming)
agent
producing
cytotoxic
action
on the
hematopoietic
The rate of detoxification
of HD in
tissues
which are especially
sensitive.
very slow and repeated
exposures
produce
a cumulative
effect.
the
body
is
by the International
Agency for
HD has been found to be a human carcinogen
Research on Cancer
(IARC).
Median
LD50
ICt50
doses
of
HD in man are:
= 100 mg/kg
= 2000 mg-min/m3
at 70 - 80 DEG F (humid environment)
= 1000 mg-min/m3
at 90 DEG F (dry environment)
= 200 mg-min/m3
ICt50 (eyes)
= 1500 mg-min/m3
(Ct unchanged with time)
ICt50 (inhalation)
-LDSO (oral)
= 0.7 mg/kg
aximum
!
(skin)
(skin)
safe
Ct for
ACUTE PHYSIOLOGICAL
skin
and eyes
ACTION
are
5 and 2 mg-min/m3,
OF HD IS CLASSIFIED
respectively.
AS LOCAL AND SYSTEMIC.
SKIN
damage
occurs
after
LOCALLY, HD affects
both the eyes and the skin.
Being lipid
soluble,
HD can be resorbed
into all
resorption.
percutaneous
skin
irritation.
Skin
penetration
is
rapid
without
Swelling
organs.
the
skin occurs
after
a latency
(blisters)
and
reddening
(erythema)
of
depending
on degree of exposure
period
of 4-24 hours following
the exposure,
Tender
The skin healing
process
is very slow.
and individual
sensitivity.
and perspiration
covered
skin are more sensitive
to
mucous
membrane
skin,
than
on the
HD's effect
on the skin,
however,
is less
the effects
of HD.
Local action
on the eyes produces
severe necrotic
damage and loss of
eyes.
aerosol
produces
lacrimation,
Exposure
of eyes to HD vapor
or
eyesight.
and
inflammation
of
the
conjunctiva
and
cornea.
photophobia,
f-
The HD
occur primarily
through
inhalation
and ingestion.
SYSTEMIC ACTIONS
form.
than
the
liquid
vapor or aerosol
is less toxic
to the skin or eyes
tract
(nose,
throat,
trachea)
is
the
respiratory
When inhaled,
upper
accompanied
by sneezing,
latency
period,
after
a few
hours
inflamed
of appetite,
diarrhea,
fever,
and apathy.
and
bronchitis,
loss
coughing,
injury
to
bone marrow,
Exposure
to nearly
lethal
dose of HD can produce
and spleen
as indicated'by
a drop in WBC count and, therefore,
nodes,
lymph
local
and. systemic
infections.
susceptibility
to
in increased
results
severe stomach pains,
vomiting,
and bloody
HD will
produce
Ingestion
of
‘:tools
after
a 15-20 minute
latency
period.
chronic
lung
impairment,
CHRONIC EXPOSURE to HD can cause
sensitization,
and
cancer
of
the
mouth,
throat,
of
breath,
chest
pain),
(cough r shortness
leukemia.
It
may
also
cause
birth
defects.
skin,
and
respiratory
tract,
EMERGENCY AND FIRST
AID
PROCEDURES:
INHALATION.
Remove
artificial
seek medical
respiration.
If breathing
attention
IMMEDIATELY.
from
the
source
IMMEDIATELY.
is
If breathing
has
difficult,
administers~~$~~:
EYE CONTACT.
Speed in
decontaminating
the eyes
is
absolutely
essential.
Remove person from the liquid
source,
flush
the eyes immediately
with
water
by tilting
the head to the side,
pulling
the eyelids
apart with
the
fingers
and pouring
water
slowly
into the eyes.
Do not
cover
eyes
with
bandages
but, if necessary,
protect
eyes by means of dark
or opaque goggles.
Transfer the patient
to a medical
facility
IMMEDIATELY.
Don respiratory
protective
mask
SKIN CONTACT.
and gloves;
remove victim
from agent
source
immediately.
Flush skin and clothes
with 5 percent
solution of sodium hypochlorite
or liquid
household
bleach
within
one minute.
Cut and remove contaminated
clothing,
flush
contaminated
skin
area
again
with 5 percent
sodium hypochlorite
solution,
then
wash
contaminated
skin
soap
and water.
area
with
If
shower
facilities
are
available,
wash
thoroughly
and transfer
to medical
facility.
If the
skin
becomes
contaminated
with
a thickened
agent,
blot/wipe
the
material
off
immediately
with an absorbent
pad/paper
towel prior
to
using
decontaminating
solution.
INGESTION.
Do
medical
attention
not
induce
IMMEDIATELY.
vomiting.
Give
victim
milk
to drink,
Seek
________--------------------------------------------------------------------
SECTION
VI
--,--------------------------------------------------------------------------STABILITY:
149
DEG
moisture,
- REACTIVITY
DATA
Stable
at ambient
temperatures.
Decomposition
temperature
is
177 DEG C. Mustard
is a persistent
agent depending
on pH and
and has been known to remain active
for up to three years in soil.
C to
Conditions
to avoid.
Rapidly
corrosive
to brass @ 65 DEG
steel
at a rate of .OOOl in. of steel
per month @ 65 DEG C.
INCOMPATIBILITY:
Will
corrode
C.
HAZARDOUS
Mustard
DECOMPOSITION:
will
hydrolyze
to
thiodiglycol.
Will
HAZARDOUS POLYMERIZATION:
not
form
HCl
and
occur.
_______---------------------------------------------------------------------
SECTION
VII
- SPILL,
LEAK,
AND DISPOSAL
STEPS TO BE TAKEN IN CASE MATERIAL
IS RELEASED
in full
protective
clothing
(see Section
8) will
mustard
is spilled.
RECOMMENDED FIELD PROCEDURES:
The
mustard
should
be contained
clay
of
:
I
--
or fine
5.25
Scoop up
sand
percent
OR
PROCEDURES
SPILLED:
be allowed
using
vermiculite,
and neutralized
as soon as possible
Sodium
'Hypochlorite
solution.
Only
personnel
in an area
diatomaceous
using copious
where
earth,
amounts
all
material
and
place in an approved
DOT container.
Cover
the
contents
of the drum with
decontaminating
solution
as above.
The
exterior
of
the drum shall
be decontaminated
and then
labeled
IAW EPA and DOT
regulations.
containers
All
leaking
shall
be overpacked
with
vermiculite
and exterior
containers.
placed
between
the
interior
Decontaminate
and
label
IAW EPA and DOT regulations.
Dispose
of the material
IAW waste
dis-
posal'methods
provided
below.
Dispose
of the material
used to decontaminate
exterior
of drum IAW Federal,
state
and local
regulations.
Conduct general
,-area
monitoring
with an approved
monitor
(see Section
8) to confirm
that the
concentrations
do
not
exceed
the
airborne
exposure
limit
(see
I. ltmospheric
Sections
2 and 8).
If 5.25 percent
Sodium Hypochlorite
solution
is not available
then the following decontaminants
may
be
used
instead
and are listed
in the order of
preference:
Calcium
Hypochlorite,
Decontamination
Solution
No. 2 (DS2),
and Super Tropical
Bleach
Slurry
(STB).
WARNING:
Pure, undiluted
Calcium
Hypochlorite
(HTH) will
burn on contact
with
liquid
blister
agent.
RECOMMENDED LABORATORY PROCEDURES:
of 65 grams of decon solution
per gram of HD is allowed
to agitate
for a minimum
of one hour.
Agitation
is not necessary
following
the first
hour if a single
phase
is obtained.
At the end of 24 hours,
the resulting
solution
shall
be adjusted
to a pH between
10 and 11.
Test
for presence
of
active
chlorine
by use of acidic
potassium
iodide
solution
to
give free
Place 3 ml of the decontaminate
in a test
tube.
iodine
color.
Add several
Potassium
Iodine
and swirl
crystals
of
to dissolve.
Add 3 ml of 50 wt
Sulfuric
Acid:water
and swirl.
percent
IMMEDIATE
Iodine
color
indicates
the presence
of active
chlorine.
If negative,
add additional
5.25
percent
Sodium
Hypochlorite
solution
to the
decontamination
solution,
wait
two
then test
again for active
chlorine.
hours,
Continue
procedure
until
positive chlorine
is given
by solution.
A minimum
A 10 wt percent
Calcium
hypochlorite
(HTH) mixture
may be substituted
for
---Sodium Hypochlorite.
Use 65 grams of decon per gram of HD and continue
the
* test as described
for Sodium Hypochlorite.
c
Scoop up all material
and place in approved
DOT containers.
Cover the
conthe
drum with decontaminating
solution
as above.
tents
of
The exterior
of
the drum shall
be decontaminated
and then labeled
IAW EPA and DOT regulaAll leaking
containers
shall
tions.
be overpacked
with vermiculite
placed
between the interior
and exterior
containers.
Decontaminate
and label
IAW
EPA and DOT regulations.
Dispose
of the material
IAW waste disposal
methods
Dispose
of the material
used to decontaminate
provided
below.
exterior
of
state
and local
regulations.
drum IAW Federal,
Conduct general
area monitoring with an approved
monitor
(see Section
8) to confirm
that the atmospheric
concentrations
do not exceed the airborne
exposure
limits
(see Section
8).
NOTE:
evolve
Surfaces
sufficient
contaminated
mustard
vapor
with
HD and then rinse-decontaminated
to produce
a physiological
response.
may
WASTE DISPOSAL METHOD: All decontaminated
material
should
be collected,
contained
and
chemically
decontaminated
or thermally
decomposed
in an EPA
approved
incinerator,
which
will
filter
or scrub toxic
by-products
from
effluent
air
before
discharge
to
the
atmosphere.
Any contaminated
protective
clothing
should
be decontaminated
using
HTH or bleach
and
analyzed
to
assure
it is free of detectable
contamination
(3X) level.
The
clothing
should
then be sealed
in plastic
bags inside
properly
labeled
drums
and held
for shipment
back to the DA issue point.
Decontamination
of waste
or excess material
shall
be accomplished
in accordance
with
the procedures
outlined
above with the following
exception:
-cHD on
laboratory
glassware
may be oxidized
by
its
vigorous
reaction
with concentrated
nitric
acid.
-w-m
Open pit
burning
or burying
HD in
quantity
is
any
prohibited.
of
HD or
items
containing
or
contaminated
with
NOTE:
j- .qaste.
Some states
______---------------
define
decontaminated
surety
material
as a RCRA hazardous
-------------------------------------------------------
SECTION VIII
- SPECIAL PROTECTION INFORMATION
______----------------------------------------------------------------RESPIRATORY PROTECTION:
Concentration
mg/m3
--------------
Respiratory
Protection/Ensemble
Required
Less than or equal
to 0.003 as an
8-hr TWA
Protective
mask not required
provided
that:
(a)
Continuous
real-time
monitoring
(with
alarm capability)
is conducted
in the
work area at the 0.003 mg/m3 level
of
detection.
(b)
M9, Ml7 or M40 mask is available
and
donned if ceiling
concentrations
exceed
0.003 mg/m3.
(c)
Exposure
has been limited
to the extent
practicable
by engineering
controls
(remote operations,
ventilation,
and
process
isolation)
or work practices.
-----------------------------------------------
If these
following
conditions
applies:
are
not
met then
the
Full facepiece,
chemical
canister,
airpurifying
respiratiors.
(The M9, M17, or
M40 series
or other certified
equivalent
masks are acceptable
for this
purpose
in conjunction
with the M3 toxicological
agent
protective
(TAP) suit
for dermal protection.)
The Demilitarization
Protective
Ensemble
may be used with prior
(DPE), 30 mil,
approval
from the AMC Field
Safety
Activity
Use time
for the 30 mil DPE must be restricted
to two hours or less.
Greater
than
0.003 as an
8-hr TWA
the
NOTE: When 30 mil DPE is not available
M9 or M40 series
mask
with Level A protective
ensemble
including
impregnated
innerwear
can be used.
However,
use time shall
be
restricted
to the extent
operationally
feasible,
and may not exceed one hour.
As an additional
precaution,
the cuffs
of
the sleeves
and the legs of the M3 suit
shall
be taped to the gloves
and boots respectively
to reduce aspiration.
C
!VENTILATION:
Local
Exhaust.
Mandatory.
Must
be filtered
or scrubbed.
Special.
shall
have
an
average
Chemical
laboratory
hoods
inward
face
linear
feet
per ItIinUte
(lfpm)
plUS
or minus
10% with
the
velocity
of
100
---= velocity
at any point
not deviating
from the average
face velocity
by more
Laboratory
hoods shall
be located
such that
cross
drafts
do not
20%.
chat
A
visual
performance
test
utilizing
exceed
20% of the inward
face velocity.
smoke producing
devices
shall
be performed
in assessing
the ability
of
the
hood to contain
agent
HD.
Recirculation
of
exhaust
air
from agent
areas
is prohibited.
NO
Other.
connection
between
agent
area and other
areas
through
the ventilation
system
Emergency
backup
power
is necessary.
Hoods should
be
is permitted.
tested
after
modification
or maintenance
operations.
semi-annually
or
Operations
should
be performed
20 cm inside
hoods.
PROTECTIVE GLOVES:
(M3, M4, gloveset).
EYE PROTECTION:
hazard
use goggles
MANDATORY.
Butyl
As a minimum,
and face-shield.
toxicological
chemical
agent
goggles
will
protective
be worn.
gloves
For
splash
EQUIPMENT:
Full
protective
clothing
will
consist
of the
OTHER PROTECTIVE
rubber
suit
with
hood,
M2Al
boots,
M3 gloves,
M3 butyl
impregnated
mask
and
coveralls
(if
desired),
or
underwear,
M9 series
the
Demilitarization
Protective
Ensemble
(DPE).
For general
lab work,
gloves
and lab coat shall
be worn with
M9 or Ml7 mask readily
available.
In addition,
covers,
*-=-- foot
\
when handling
contaminated
and head covers
are required.
lab
MONITORING:
Available
monitoring
equipment
tor paper,
blue
band tube,
M256/M256Al
kits,
toring
System
(DAMMS),
Automated
Continuous
CAM-Ml,
Hydrogen
Flame Photometric
Emission
ture
Chemical
Agent
Monitor
(MINICAM).
animals,
a
daily
clean
smock,
for
agent
HD is the M8/M9 detecbubbler,
Depot Area Air MoniAir Monitoring
System
(A-W
lr
Detector
(BYFED),
and the Minia-
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
SECTION
------------------------
IX
- SPECIAL
PRECAUTIONS
----------------------------------------------------
TO BE TAKEN
IN
HANDLING
AND STORING:
PRECAUTIONS
the
"buddy"
(two-man)
system will
be used.
Containers
During
handling,
should
be periodically
inspected
for
leaks,
either
visually
or
using
a
kit,
and prior
to transfering
the containers
from storage
to
work
detector
Stringent
control
over
all
personnel
handling
HD must be
exercised.
areas.
and personal
cleanliness
facilities
must
Chemical
showers,
eyewash
stations,
Each
worker
will
wash
their
hands before
meals and shower
be provided.
thoroughly
with
special
attention
given
to hair,
face,
neck,
and hands using
of soap
before
leaving
at
the
end of the work day.
No smoking,
plenty
work site.
Decontaminating
equipeating,
or drinking
is permitted
at the
Exits
must
be designed
to permit
rapid
ment shall
be conveniently
located.
HD should
be stored
in
containers
made of glass
for Research,
evacuation.
and
Evaluation
(RDTE) quantities
or one-ton
steel
conDevelopment,
Test
tainers
for
large
quantities.
Agent
shall
be double-contained
in liquidtight
containers
when in storage.
For additional
information
see
AMC-R
385-131,
"Safety
OTHER PRECAUTIONS:
USAEHA Technical
Regulations
for Chemical
Agents
H, HD, HT, GB and VX" and
Guide No.173,
"Occupational
Health
Guidelines
for the Evaluation
and Control
of Occupational
Exposure
to Mustard
Agents
H, HD, and HT".
.
_____-_---__________--------------------------------------------------------
SECTION X - TRANSPORTATION
_________--____---------------------------------------------------------
,/-
PROPER SHIPPING
NAME:
DOT HAZARD CLASS:
DOT LABEL:
DOT
Poison
Poison
MARKING:
Poisonous
EMERGENCY ACCIDENT
liquid,
n.o.s.
A
Gas
POISON
DOT PLACARD:
Poisonous
DATA
liquid,
n.o.s.
(Sulfide,
bis
2-chloroethyl))
NA 1951:
GAS
PRECAUTIONS
AND PROCEDURES:
See Sections
IV and VIII.
IN
PRECAUTIONS
TO BE TAKEN
TRANSPORTATION:
Motor vehicles
will
be
Driver
shall
be given
full
placarded
regardless
of quantity.
and
complete
information
regarding
shipment
and conditions
in case of emergency.
AR SO-6
deals specifically
with
the shipment
of chemical
agents.
Shipment
of agents
will
be escorted
in accordance
with AR 740-32.
the
Chemical
Research
Development
and Engineering
While
Center,
Department
of the Army believes
that
the
data
contained
herein
are
factual
and
the
opinions
expressed
are
those
of qualified
experts
regarding
the results
of the tests
conducted,
the data are not to
be taken
as a warranty
or
representation
for which the Department
of the Army or
Chemical
Research
Development
and Engineering
Center
assumes
legal
responsibility.
They
are
offered
solely
for
your
consideration,
and verification.
investigation,
Any use of these
data and information
must
the
user
to
be
in
be determined
by
accordance
with applicable
and local
laws and regulations.
Federal,
State,
ADDITIONAL
TRADE NAME AND SYNONYMS:
HAZARDOUS
I-D. K125
form.
PHYSICAL
viscosity
INGREDIENTS:
is
not
Thickened
Essentially
of HV is between
DATA:
HD
HD, THD
K125 (acryloid
copolymer,
known to be hazardous
except
DATA:
FIRE AND EXPLOSION
ADDENDUM A
INFORMATION FOR THICKENED
5%) is
used
in a finely-divided,
the same as HD except
1000 and 1200 centistokes
to
for
viscosity.
@ 25 DEG C.
thicken
powder
The
Same as HD.
HEALTH HAZARD DATA:
Same as HD except
for skin contact.
For skin contact,
don respiratory
protective
mask
and
remove
contaminated
clothing
IMMEDIATELY.
IMMEDIATELY
scrape the HV form the skin surface,
then wash the
contaminated
surface
with acetone.
Seek medical
attention
IMMEDIATELY.
SPILL,
follow
LEAK,
AND DISPOSAL
PROCEDURES:
If
the same procedures
as those for HD, but
spills
or leaks of HV occur,
dissolve
the THD in
acetone
f--
prior
to
introducing
generally
not necessary.
contaminated
surface
density,
polyethylene
has
been
dissolved
Contaminated
surfaces
using
the same procedures
NOTE:
evolve
SPECIAL
Surfaces
sufficient
any decontaminating
Spilled
THD can
and placed
in a fully
lining.
The THD can
in
acetone,
using
should
be treated
with
as those
used for
contaminated
mustard
PROTECTION
with
vapor
solution.
Containment
of THD is
be
carefully
scraped
off
the
removable
head drum with
a high
then be decontaminated,
after
it
the
same procedures
used for HD.
acetone,
then
decontaminated
HD.
THD or HD and then rinse-decontaminated
to produce
a physiological
response.
INFORMATION:
may
Same as HD.
SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS:
Same as HD with
the following
addition.
Handling
the
careful
observation
of the "stringers"
(elastic,
thread-like
THD requires
attachments)
formed
when the agents
are
transferred
or
dispensed.
These
must
be broken
cleanly
before
moving
the contaminating
device
or
stringers
dispensing
device
to
another
location,
or
unwanted
contamination
of
a
working
surface
will
result.
TRANSPORTATION
DATA:
Same as HD.
.I
.
\
DATE:
i
3 Dee 1990
z-T
/\
/
//
U.S. ARMY CHEMICAL
RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT
AND ENGINEERING
CENTER
\
\
\
/ POISON
GAS
>
\
\
/
\
MATERIAL
SAFETY DATA SHEET
\
//
\I
LETHAL NERVE AGENT (GB)
_______
________-_------------------------------------------------------SECTION I - GENERAL INFORMATION
_
_________---------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURER'S
NAME:
MANUFACTURER'S
ADDRESS:
CAS REGISTRY
i --:HEMICAL
Department
NUMBER:
of
the
107-44-8
or
50642-23-4
NAME AND SYNONYMS:
acid,
acid,
ALTERNATE
NAMES:
CHEMICAL
methyl-,
methyl-,
isopropyl
1-methylethyl
Isopropyl
methylphosphonofluoridate
Isopropyl
ester
of methylphosphonofluoridic
Methylisopropoxfluorophosphine
oxide
Isopropyl
Methylfluorophosphonate
O-Isopropyl
Methylisopropoxfluorophosphine
O-Isopropyl
Methylphosphonofluoridate
Methylfluorophosphonic
acid,
isopropyl
Isopropoxymethylphosphonyl
fluoride
TRADENAMEAND
CHEMICAL
ester
ester
acid
oxide
ester
SYNONYMS:
Sarin
FAMILY:
FORMULA/CHEMICAL
Fluorinated
organophosphorous
STRUCTURE:
C4 HlO
NFPA 704
Army
u.si
ARMY ARMAMENT RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT COMMAND
CHEMICAL RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND ENGINEERING
CENTER
ATTN:
SMCCR-CMS
ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND, MD 21010-5423
Phosphonofluoridic
Phosphonofluoridic
GB
Zarin
Emergency
Telephone
#s:
CRDEC, Safety
Office
301-671-4411
0700-1700
EST After
normal
duty
hours:
301-278-5201
Ask for CRDEC Staff
Duty Officer
SIGNAL:
Health
F02
P
-
4
compound
. . . ,
.
FlammabilityReactivity-
1
1
4’ )\
(\I*)(I/ )
\ \I )
----------------------------------
--------------------------
SECTION
---_-------------------------------INGREDIENTS
NAME
GB
II
FORMULA
C4 HlO
F02
---------------
- COMPOSITION
--------------------------------------PERCENTAGE
BY WEIGHT
100
P
___---------------------------------
AIRBORNE
EXPOSURE LIMIT
.OOOl
(AEL)
mg/m3
----------------------------------------
SECTION
III
- PHYSICAL
316
(158)
DATA
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
.
BOILING
POINT
VAPOR PRESSURE
VAPOR DENSITY
DEG
F (DEG C):
2.9
(mm Hg):
@ 25 DEG C
4.86
(AIR=l):
Complete
IN WATER:
h SOLUBILITY
1.0887
@ 25 DEG C
'PECIFIC
GRAVITY
(H20=1):
\t
Colorless
liquid
APPEARANCE AND ODOR:
Odorless
in pure
form
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
SECTION
FLASH POINT
(METHOD
FLAMMABLE LIMIT:
USED):
Not
Did
IV
not
LIMIT:
Not
available
UPPER EXPLOSIVE
LIMIT:
Not
available
MEDIA:
flash
AND EXPLOSION
to
280
DATA
DEG F
applicable
LOWER EMPLOSIVE
EXTINGUISHING
- FIRE
Water
mist,
methods
that
GB.
fog,
will
foam,
CO2 - Avoid
cause splashing
using
extinguishing
or spreading
of the
FIGHTING
PROCEDURES:
GB will
react
with
steam or water
to
SPECIAL
FIRE
vapors.
All
persons
not engaged
in extinguishing
produce
toxic
& corrosive
should
be
evacuated.
Fires
involving
GB should
be contained
to
the
fire
to uncontrolled
areas.
When responding
to a fire
aprevent
contamination
agents,
firefighting
personnel
areas
containing
larm
in
buildings
or
agent
firefighting
and fire
E-clothing
(without
TAP clothing)
during
chemical
is required.
Positive
pressure,
Respiratory
protection
:escue operations.
self-contained
breathing
apparatus
(SCBA)
full
facepiece,
NIOSH-approved
will
be worn where
there
is danger
of oxygen
deficiency
and when directed
by
The
the fire
chief
or chemical
accident/incident
(CAI)
operations
officer.
M9 or Ml7 series
mask may be worn in lieu
of SCBA when there
is no danger
of
In cases where
firefighters
are responding
to a chemical
oxygen
deficiency.
,
I
accident/incident
for
will
wear appropriate
I
J:'---USUAL
FIRE
rescue/reconnaissance
levels
of protective
AND EXPLOSION
Hydrogen
HAZARDS:
------------------------------
purposes
clothing
vice
(see
firefighting,
Section
8).
they
may be present.
--------__-------------------------------
--e-w
SECTION V - HEALTH
____________________--------------------------------------------------------
HAZARD DATA
The suggested
permissible
airborne
exposure
AIRBORNE
EXPOSURE
LIMIT
(AEL):
concentration
for
GB for
an 8-hour
workday
or a 40 hour work week is
an
8This value
is
hour
time weight
average
(TWA) of 0.0001
mg/m3 (2X10-5
ppm).
the
USAEHA Technical
Guide
No. 169,
based on the TWA of GB as proposed
in
for
the Evaluation
and Control
of Cccupation"Occupational
Health
Guidelines
al Exposure
to Nerve
Agents
GA, GB, GD, and VX".
To date,
however,
the OCCUpermispatfokal
Safety
and Health
Administration
(OSHA) has not promulgated
sible
exposure
concentration
for GB.
EFFECTS OF OVEREXPOSURE:
It is a lethal
anticholinergic
agent
LD50 (Skin)
- 24 mg/kg
= 8000 mg-min/m3
ICtSO-(Skin)
= 70 mg-min/m3
LCt50
(inhalation)
+a.
One to several
minutes
acute
symptoms
appear:
(1)
Local
effects
after
(lasting
with
median
(t=0.5-2
min)
overexposure
1-15
dose
days,
in
man being:
(inhalation)
to
airborne
increases
GB, the
with
following
dose):
\.
On eyes:
in and
a.
and heaviness
tightness
Miosis
(constriction
behind
the eyes.
By inhalation:
chest,
wheezing,
b.
in
of
Rhinorrhea
salivation,
pupils);
(runny
nausea,
redness,
nose),
vomiting.
nasal
pressure
congestion,
(2)
Systemic
effects
(increases
with
dose):
By inhalation
- excessive
difficulty;
salivation
and sweating;
secretion
causing
coughing/breathing
involuntary
urination/defecation;
vomiting,
diarrhea;
stomach
cramps;
generalized
muscle
twitching/muscle
cramps;
CNS depression
including
anxirestlessness,
giddiness,
insomnia,
excessive
dreaming
and
nightmares.
ety ;
concentration
With more severe
exposure,
also
headache,
tremorl
drowsiness,
unsteadiness
on standing
or
memory
impairment,
confusion,
difficulty,
walking.
b.
After
overexposure
(1)
Local
a.
b.
al
r- -.
t-
cramps,
C.
airborn
C.
(2)
liquid
GB,
the
following
acute
symptoms
appear:
Effects:
On eyes;
Miosis,
pressure
redness,
sensation
on eyes.
By-ingestion:
Salivation,
anorexia,
nausea,
involuntary
defecation,
heartburn.
diarrhea,
Sweating,
On skin:
Systemic
GB.
-Chronic
to
Similar
Effects:
overexposure
muscle
to
GB causes
to
vomiting,
abdomin-
twitching.
generalized
forgetfulness,
effects
thinking
from
exposure
difficulty,
to
. .
.
disturbances,
muscular
aches/pains.
pesticides
have been shown to be teratogenic
**-qot been documented
in carefully
controlled
1, 3.
Sision
GB is not listed
by the International
American
Conference
of Governmental
tional
Safety
and Health
Administration
gram (NTP) as a carcinogen.
**
See addendum
A for
*EMERGENCY AND FIRST
detailed
AID
Although
certain
organophosphate
in animals,
these effects
have
toxicological
evaluations
for
Agency for Research
on Cancer
Industrial
Hygienists
(ACGIH),
(OSHA), or National
Toxicology
information.
(IJQ=)
Occupa-
I
Pro-
**
PROCEDURES:
INHALATION:
Hold breath
until
respiratory
protective
mask is donned.
If severe signs of agent exposure
appear (chest
tightens,
pupil
constriction,
incoordination,
etc.),
immediately
administer,
in
rapid
succession,
all
three Nerve Agent Antidote
Kit(s),
Mark I injectors
(or atropine
if directed
by the local
physician).
Injections
using the Mark1 kit injectors
may be
5 to 20 minute
intervals
if signs and symptoms are progressing
repeated
at
until
three
series
of injections
have been administered.
No more injections
will
be given unless
directed
by medical
personnel.
In addition,
a record
will
be maintained
of all
injections
given.
If breathing
has stopped,
give
artificial
respiration.
Mouth-to-mouth
resuscitation
should be used when
approved
mask-bag
or oxygen
delivery
systems are not available.
Do not use
mouth-to-mouth
resuscitation
when facial
contamination
exists.
If breathing
Seek medical
attention
IMMEDIATELY.
is
difficult,
administer
oxygen.
.f
EYE CONTACT: Immediately
flush
eyes with water
for lo-15 minutes,
then
-on respiratory
mask.
protective
Although
miosis
(pinpointing
of the pupils)
may be an early
sign
of
agent exposure,
an injection
will
not be administered
when
miosis
is the only sign present.
Instead,
the individual
will
be taken IMMEDIATELY
to the medical
treatment
facility
for observation.
SKIN CONTACT:
Don respiratory
protective
mask and remove
contaminated
Immediately
wash contaminated
skin with copious
amounts
of
clothing.
soap
and water,
10% sodium
carbonate
solution,
or 5% liquid
household
bleach.
Rinse well with water
to remove decontaminant.
Administer
an intramuscular
injection
with
the
MARE I kit
injectors
only if local
sweating
and muscular
twitching
symptoms are obsenred.
SEEK MEDICAL ATTENTION IMMEDIATELY.
INGESTION:
Do not induce
vomiting.
First
symptoms are likely
gastronintestinal.
Immediately
administer
an intramuscular
injection
SEEK MEDICAL ATTENTION IMMEDIATELY.
MARK I kit auto-injectors.
**
See addendum
B for
detailed
instructions.
to be
of the
**
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
SECTION
STABILITY:
Stable
,INCOMPATIBILITY:
UIIIS.
Slight
steel,
Inconel
Hydrolyzes
under
basic
form
conditions.
DATA
.
when pure.
Attacks
tin,
attack
on copper,
& K-monel.
to
VI - REACTIVITY
HF'under
acid
magnesium,
cadmium plated
brass,
lead,
practically
conditions
and isopropyl
steel,
some alumino attack
on
1020
alcohol
& polymers
.
1.
_______________--------------------------------
SECTION
~--.-'--------------------------------------------
----------------------------
VII
- SPILL,
LEAK AND DISPOSAL PROCEDURES
----------------------------
IN
CASE MATERIAL
IS RELEASED
OR SPILLED:
If leak or
STEPS TO BE TAKEN
only
personnel
in full
protective
clothing
(see
spills
occur,
section
8 )
of personnel
contamination
see Section
v
remain
in
area.
In
case
will
"mergency
and First
Aid Instructions".
Spills
must be
contained
by
covering
with
RECOMMENDED FIELD PROCEDURES:
vermiculite,
diatomaceous
earth
clay,
fine
sand,
sponges,
and paper
or cloth
amounts
of
Decontaminate
with
copious
aqueous
Sodium Hydroxide
towels.
scoop
up
all material
and place
in a
solution
(a minimum
10 wt percent).
removable
head
drum
with
a high density
polyethylene
liner.
fully
Cover
with
decontaminating
the contents
of the drum
solution
as above
before
sealing
affixing
the drum head.
After
the head,
the exterior
of the drum
shall
be decontaminated
and then
labeled
IAW EPA and DOT regulations.
All
leaking
containers
shall
be overpacked
with
vermiculite
placed
between
the
Decontaminate
and label
interior
and exterior
containers.
IAW EPA and DOT
regulations.
Dispose
of the material
IAW waste
disposal
methods
provided
used
to decontaminate
exterior
of
below.
Dispose
of material
drum
IAW
Conduct
general
area
monitoring
with
Federal,
state
and local
regulations.
atmospheric
concenan approved
monitor
(see Section
8) to confirm
that
the
trations
do not exceed
the airborne
exposure
limit
(see Sections
2 and 8).
If 10 w-t percent
aqueous
following
decontaminants
Decontamination
fl oreference:
jertropical
Bleach
Slurry
Sodium Hydroxide
solution
is not
may be used instead
and are listed
Solution
No. 2 (DS2),
Sodium
(STB).
available
in the
Carbonate,
then
order
and
the
of
Su-
(
'
RECOMMENDED LABORATORY PROCEDURES:
A minimum
of 56 grams of decon solution
Decontaminant/agent
solution
is
is required
for
each gram of GB.
allowed
to agitate
for
a minimum
of one hour.
Agitation
is not necessary
following
the
first
hour.
At the end of the one hour,
the resulting
solution
should
If the
pH is
below
11.5,
NaOH
be adjusted
to a pH greater
than
11.5.
should
be added until
a pH above
11.5 can be maintained
for
60 minutes.
An alternate
solution
for
the decontamination
of GB is 10 w-t percent
Sodium
ConCarbonate
in place
of the 10 percent
Sodium Hydroxide
solution
above.
tinue
with
56 grams of decon
to 1 gram of agent.
Agitate
for.one
hour
but
allow
three
(3) hours
for
the reaction.
The final
pH should
be adjusted
to
above
10.
It is also
permitted
to substitute
5.25% Sodium Hypochlorite
or
25 w-t percent
Monoethylamine
(MEA) for the 10% Sodium Hydroxide
solution
above.
MEA must be completely
dissolved
in water
prior
to addition
of the
Continue
with
56 grams
of
decon
for
each gram of GB.and provide
agent.
Continue
with
same ratios
and time stipulations.
agitation
for
one hour.
Scoop [email protected] all
material
and place
in a fully
removable
head drum with
a high
Cover
the contents
of the drum with
decontamidensity
polyethylene
liner.
affixing
the
drum
head.
After
sealing
nating
solution
as above
before
the head,
the exterior
of the drum shall
be decontaminated
and then labeled
All
leaking
containers
shall
be
overIAW EPA and
DOT regulations.
vermiculite
placed
between
the
interior
and exterior
conpacked
with
Dispose
of
_-.tainers.
Decontaminate
and label
IAW EPA and DOT regulations.
Dispose
of
methods
provided
below.
'/
;he material
IAW waste
disposal
material
used to decontaminate
exterior
of drum IAW Federal,
state
and
loConduct
general
area monitoring
with
an approved
monitor
cal
regulations.
that
the
atmospheric
concentrations
do not
(see Section
8)
to
confirm
exceed
the airborne
exposure
limit
(see Sections
2 and 8).
*.
METHOD: Open pit
burning
or burying
of GB or items conWASTE DISPOSAL
taining
or contaminated
with GB in any quantity
is prohibited.
The detoxGB using
procedures
above)
can be thermalzt;estroyed
by incineration
r-'fied
incinerator
in accordance
appropriate
provisions
.n an EPA approved
state
and local
RCRA regulations.
of Federal,
NOTE:
Some states
define
decontaminated
surety
material
as a RCRA Hazardous
waste.
-----------------__---------------~----,
_____-___--_---------------------
SECTION
___________----------------------RESPIRATORY
VIII
- SPECIAL PROTECTION INFORMATION
------------------------------------------
PROTECTION:
Respiratory
Protective
--------------------------------
Concentration
------------c .OOOl
.OOOl
M9,
mg/m3
to
0.2
M17,
this
mg/m3
M9,
mask
shall
be available
Level
A or
purpose.
or
M40 series
ensemble
appropriate
mask
with
(see AMCR 385-131
level).
Demilitarization
Toxicological
Contained
AMC Field
for
unknown
Level
B
determination
of
Protective
Ensemble (DPE), or
Protective
Ensemble Self(TAPES),
used with prior
approval
from
Safety
Activity.
Agent
DPE or TAPES used with prior
AMC Field
Safety
Activity.
s 0.2 mg/m3
or
M40 series
or
Equipment
approval
from
When DPE or TAPES is not available
the
M9 or M4O series
mask with Level A protective
However,
use time shall
ensemble
can be used.
be restricted
to the extent
operationally
feasible,
and may not exceed
one hour.
NOTE:
As an additional
precaution,
the cuffs
of the
sleeves
and the legs of the M3 suit shall
be
taped to the gloves
and boots respectively
to reduce aspiration.
VENTILATION:
Local
exit
concentration
Exhaust:
to
Mandatory
< .OOOl mg/m3
must be filtered
or scrubbed
to limit
averaged
over 8 hr/day
indefinitely.
shall
have
an average
inward
face
SPECIAL:
Chemical
laboratory
hoods
velocity
of
100 linear
feet per minute
(lfpm)
plus or minus 10% with the
velocity
at any point
not deviating
from the average
face velocity
by more
than
20%.
Laboratory
hoods shall
be located
such that cross drafts
do not
A visual
performance
test
exceed. 20 percent
of the inward
face velocity.
utilizing
smoke
producing
devices
shall
be performed
in the assessment
of
Emergency
backup power necessary.
pthe
hood's
ability
to contain
agent
GB.
.ioods should
be tested
semi-annually
or after
modification
or maintenance
operations.
Operations
Other:
Recirculation
connection
is allowed
tion
system.
should
be performed
of exhaust
air
agent
between
from
areas
20 cm inside
agent
and
areas
other
hood
is
areas
face.
prohibited.
through
No
ventila
-
PROTECTIVE
GLOVES:
EYE PROTECTION:
faceshield.
Butyl
Glove
M3 and M4
Norton,
Chemical
Protective
Chemical
goggles.
For
Glove
splash
Set
hazards
use goggles
and
EQUIPMENT:
Full
protective
clothing
will
consist
of
the
suit
with
hood,
M2Al boots,
M3 gloves,
coveralls,
fa(with
drawers
and undershirt)
and socks,
M9 mask or
the
Protective
Ensemble
(DPE).
For general
lab
work,
gloves
shall
be worn with M9 or Ml7 mask readily
available.
OTHER PROTECTIVE
rubber
M3 Butyl
tigues,
or similar
Demilitarization
and lab
coat
Available
monitoring
equipment
for agent GB is the M8/M9 DetecMONITORING:
tor paper,
detector
ticket,
blue band tube, M256/M256Al
kits,
bubbler,
Depot
Area
Air
Monitoring
System
(DAAMS),
Automatic
Continuous
Air Monitoring
System (ACAMS), real
time monitoring
(RTM),
Demilitarization
Chemical
Agent
Concentrator
(DCAC), M8/M43, M8Al/M43A2,
Hydrogen Flame Photometric
Emission
Chemical
Agent Monitor
(MINICAM).
Detector
(HYFED), CAM-Ml, and Miniature
_____________--------------------------------------------------------------
SECTION IX - SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS
------------------------------------------------------
---------------------
IN HANDLING
the buddy system
will
areas containing
agent
inspected
for
leaks
PRECAUTIONS
TO BE TAKEN
In handling,
drinking
in
AND STORING:
be incorporated.
is
permitted.
(either
visually
No smoking,
eating
and
Containers
should
be
r oeriodically
or by a detector
kit).
tringent
control
over
all
personnel
practices
must be exercised.
DecontamA nation
equip
shall
be conveniently
located.
Exits
must
be designed
to
permit
rapid
evacuation.
Chemical
showers,
eye-wash
stations,
and personal
facilities
must be provided.
cleanliness
Wash hands before
meals and each
worker
will
shower
thoroughly
with special
attention
given to hair,
face,
neck, and hands,
using
plenty
of soap before
leaving
at the end of the work
day.
OTHER PRECAUTIONS:
Agents
containers
storage
when in
must
be double
contained
or when outside
in
liquid
of ventilation
and vapor
tight
hood.
For
additional
information
see "AMC-R 385-131,
Safety
Regulations
for Chemical
Agents H, HD, HT, GB, and VX" and "USAEHA Technical
Guide No. 169,
Occupational
Health
Guidelines
for
the Evaluation
and Control
of
Occupational
Exposure
to Nerve
Agents
GA, GB, GD, and VX".
SECTION X - TRANSPORTATION
--------------------------------------------------------------------------PROPER SHIPPING
DOT HAZARD
DOT LABEL:
--h
OT MARKING:
DOT PLACARD:
PRECAUTIONS
NAME:
Poisonous
CLASSIFICATION:
Poison
Poison
n.o.s.
A
Gas
Poisonous
NA1955
POISON
liquid,
DATA
liquid,
n.o.s.
(Isopropyl
methylphosphonofluoridate)
GAS
TO BE TAKEN
IN
TRANSPORTATION:
Motor
vehicles
will
be
plac-
* .
ardkd
regardless
of
information
regarding
-1
f- L SO-6 deals
of agent
will
quantity.
shipment
specifically
be escorted
EMERGENCY ACCIDENT
VIII.
and
Driver
conditions
shall
with
the shipment
in accordance
with
PRECAUTIONS
be given
full
and
case of emergency.
in
of chemical
AR 740-32.
agents.
See sections
AND PROCEDURES:
complete
Shipments
IV,
VII,
and
------------
Development
and Engineering
Center,
While
the
Chemical
Research,
Dept.
of
the Army believes
that
the data
contained
herein
are factual
and the opinion
expressed
are those
of qualified
experts
regarding
the results
of the
tests
conducted,
the data
are not to be taken
as a warranty
or representation
for
Chemical
Research,
which
the Department
of the
Army
or
Development
and
They
are
Engineering
Center
assumes
legal
responsibility.
offered
solely
for your consideration,
investigation,
and
verification.
Any
use of these
data and information
must be determined
by the user to be in accordance
with
and local
laws and regulations.
applicable
Federal,
State,
ADDENDUM A
-’
1.
Acute
\(
Physiological
Site
of
Effects:
Signs
Action
and
Following
Sympotoms
Local
Exposure
Miosis,
marked,
usually
(pinpoint),
sometimes
maximal
unequal.
Muscarine-likePupils
Ciliary
Frontal
headache,
eye pain on
focusing,
slight
dimness
of vision,
occasional
nausea
and vomiting.
body
Hyperemia.
Conjunctivae
Nasal
Bronchial
mucous
tree
membranes
Rhinorrhea,
Tightness
prolonged
tive
of
increased
hyperemia.
chest,
sometimes
wheezing
expiration
broncho-constriction
secretion,
cough.
Following
Bronchial
tree
in
Systemic
with
sugges
or
Absorption
Tightness
in chest,
with
prolonged
wheezing,
expiration
suggestive
broncho-constriction
or increased
secretion,
dyspnea,
slight
pain in
increase
bronchial
secretion,
chest,
cough,
--
pulmonary
edema,
cyanosis.
Gastrointestinal
Anorexia,
nausea,
vomiting,
abdomina
cramps,
epigastric
and substernal
tightness
(cardiospasm)
with
"heartand eructation,
diarrhea,
burn"
tenesmus,
involuntary
defecation.
Sweat
Increased
sweating.
i
glands
Salivary
glands
Increased
salivation.
Lacrimal
glands
Increased
lacrimation.
Heart
Slight
Pupils
Slight
later
Ciliary
bradycardia.
miosis,
maximal
Blurring
body
Frequency,
Bladder
of
occasionally
unequal,
(pinpoint).
miosis
vision.
involuntary
micturition
Nicotine-likeStriated
mild weakness,
musculz
Easy fatigue,
fasciculations,
cramps,
twitching,
generalized
weakness,
including
muscles
of respiration,
with
dyspnez
and cyanosis.
muscle
/c4
Sympathetic
Central
2.
d
-.
nervous
Chronic
a.
i
unless
central
b.
Pallor,
pressure.
ganglia
Acute
elevation
Effects:
Exposure.
If recovery
from nerve
agent
poisoning
occurs,
it will
anoxia
or convulsions
have gone unchecked
so long ,that
due to anoxemia
have occurred.
nervous
system
changes
Chronic
of
Exposure.
bloc
Giddiness,
tension,
anxiety,
jitteriness,
restlessness,
emotional
excessive
dreaming,
lability,
nightmares,
headaches,
insomnia,
tremor,
withdrawal
and depression,
bursts
of slow waves of elevated
voltage
in EEG, especially
on overventilation,
drowsiness,
difficult
slowness
on recall,
concentration,
slurred
speech,
ataxia,
confusion,
generalized
weakness,
coma, with
absence
of reflexes,
Cheyne-Stokes
respirations,
convulsions,
depression
of respiratory
and circulatory
centers,
with
dyspnea
cyanosis,
and
fall
in blood
pressure.
system
Physiological
occasional
be complete
irreversible
The inhibition
of cholinesterase
enzymes throughout
the body by nerve
=--vents
is
more
or
less
irreversible
so
that
their
effects
are
prolonged.
t
.itil
the tissue
cholinesterase
enzymes are restored
to normal
activity,
' probably
by very
slow regeneration
over a period
of weeks or 2 to 3 months
if
there
is a period
of increased
susceptibility
to the effects
damage is severe,
During
this
period
the effects
of
of another
exposure
to any nerve
agent.
repeated
exposures
are cumulative;
after
a single
exposure,
daily
exposure
to
concentrations
of a nerve
agent
insufficient
to product
symptoms
may result
iI
Continued
daily
exposure
may be
the onset
of symptoms
after
several
days.
followed
by increasingly
severe
effects.
After
symptoms
subside,
increased
The degree
of exposure
susceptibility
persists
for one to several
days.
and the severity
of these
required
to produce
recurrence
of symptoms,
symptoms,
depend
on duration
of exposure
and time intervals
between
exposures.
Increased
susceptibility
is not limited
to the particular
nerve
agent
initially
absorbed.
Estimates
be affected
below.
have been
(EtSO's)
Degree
of
Effectiveness
Et50
(;
made for
the times
at which
50% of exposed
subjects
at median
incapacitating
doses.
These are presented
1ct50
mg min/m3
in
Exposure
Moderate
Incap.
27
27
40
0.5
2.0
10.0
1.0
3.8
7.8
Severe
Incap.
37
37
56
0.5
2.0
10.0
2.0
4.5
9.5
very
47
47
72
0.5
2.0
10.0
6.5
9.0
13.5
Death
70
70
103
0.5
2.0
10.0
Exposure
to high
concentrations
mental
confusion
-and collaspe
self-aid.
If this
happens,
Onset
Time
of
Symptoms.
Time
min
3:“o
6.0
Severe
Incap.
would
of nerve
agent
may bring
on incoordination,
so rapidly
that
the casualty
cannont
perform
the man nearest
to him will
give
first
aid.
Route
Absorption
Vapor
Local
Lungs
Vapor
Local
Eyes
Vapor
Lungs
Systemic
eyes
of
of
i
wheezing
Liquid
Ingestion
Gastrointestinal.
2a above).
Liquid
Local
Skin
Local sweating
twitching.
Liquid
Systemic
Lungs
See 2a above.
Liquid
systemic
Eyes
Same as for
Liquid
Systemic
Skin
Generalized
Liquid
Systemic
Ingestion
Gastrointestinal
above).
Symptoms.
effects.
(See
and muscular
Lungs
A few
Vapor
Local
Eyes
Miosis
24 hours
Japor
Systemic
Lungs
Liquid
Local
Eyes.
eyes
Several
several
One to
minutes
several
Less than 1 min
to a few min
after
moderate
or marked exposoure; about 30
min after
mild
exposure.
About
after
30 min.
ingestion
3 min
to
2 hour
Several
minutes
vapor
Several
minutes
sweating.
15 minutes
hours
to 2
15 minutes
2 hours
to
(See 2a
Duration
Mild
Exposure
Vapor
Local
One to
minutes
Instantly
(cont'd)
Route of
Absorption
or
hyperemia
headache.
Muscarine-like,
nicotine-like
and central
nervous
system
effects.
(S ee 2a above)
or
Same as vapor
Time of
hyperemia
chest,
Miosis,
Conjunctival
eye pain,
frontal
Eyes
Types of
Effects
\
nasal
in
Liquid
Local
Onset
--
Effects
Rhinorrhea,
tightness
Local
/-
Appear After
Exposure
Description
of Effects
After
Severe
Exposure
hours
hours
Similar
to
effects
of
vapor
1 to
2 days
3 to
2 to
14 days
5 days
0 days
-
/-E
.
’
4
Liquid
Local
Ingestion
3 days
5 days
Aquid
Local
Skin
3 days
5 days
Liquid
Systemic
Lungs
1 to
5 days
Liquid
Systemic
Eyes
2 to
4 days
Liquid
Systemic
Skin
2
to
5 days
Liquid
Systemic
Ingestion
3 to
5 days
ADDENDUM B
--.
c
First
aid
procedures.
a.
Exposed personnel
will
be removed immediately
to an uncontaminated
consideration
to
Personnel
handling
casualty
cases will
give
atmosphere.
and will
take
precautions
and employ the prerequisite
their
own safety
protective
equipment
to avoid
becoming
exposed themselves.
Due to the rapid
CAUTION:
ant
that
decontamination
off excessive
agent prior
effects
of nerve
of personnel
not
to decontamination
agents,
it is extremely
be delayed
by attempting
with sodium hypochlorite.
importto blot
then
be decontaminated
by washing the contamib.
The casualty
will
nated areas with commercial
liquid
household
bleach
(nominal
5% solution
hyor 10 percent
sodium carbonate
solution)
and flushing
with clean
pochlorite
bleach
followed
by copious
soap and water wash.
excess
water
to
remove
the
victim
until
decontamination'
has been comMask will
be left
on
pleted
unless
it has been determined
that areas
of the face were contaminated and the mask must
be removed to facilitate
decontamination.
After
declothing
will
be removed
and skin
contaminated
the
contamination,
will
be completed
decontamination
If possible,
contamination
washed away.
before
the casualty
is taken to the aid station
or medical
facility.
facial
areas to avoid
Care
must
be taken when decontaminating
CAUTION:
Only clean
water shall
be
getting
the hypochlorite
into
the eye or mouth.
Skin surfaces
decontaminated
with
eyes or mouth.
used
when flushing
the
flushed
with water
to prevent
skin irritation
should
be thoroughly
bleach
,/-from
the bleach.
Iartifical
resuscitation
will
be
C.
If there
is no apparent
breathing,
The
or
with
mechanical
resuscitator).
immediately
(mouth-to-mouth,
started
face.
Do
not
situation
will
dictate
method
of choice,
e.g.,
contaminated
When
when
facial
contamination
exists.
resuscitation
mouth-to-mouth
use
cardiopulmonary
trained
personnel
are
available,
when
appropriate
and
f
\
1
’
resuscitation
( '-
(CPR)
may be necessary.
d.
An
individual
;xhibits
definite
signs
intramusclar
injection
who
has
received
txpt;;z
or symptoms
of agent
immediately
with
the MARK I kit
Some of the
(1)
rhea (runny
nose)
and/or
(bronchial
constriction).
local
nausea
Some of the
(2)
muscular
twitching
or vomiting.
Although
(3)
sign of agent
exposure,
is the only
sign present.
ly to the medical
facility
early
symptoms
tightness
in
of a vapor
the
chest
early
or
of
at
symptoms
sweating
ag=;:lex~~su;;v~;
who
an
auto-injectors.
exposure
may be rhinorwith
shortness
of breath
a percutaneous
the area of
exposure
may
exposure
followed
be
by
myosis
(p in-pointing
of the pupils)
may be an early
an injection
shall
not be administered
when
myosis
Instead,
the individual
shall
be taken
immediatefor
observation.
(4)
Injections
using
the MARK I kit
injectors
(or at&opine
only
if
directed
by the local
physician)
may be repeated
at 5 to 20 minute
intervals
have
if signs
and symptoms
are progressing
until
three
series
of injections
No
more
injections
shall
be
given
unless
directed
by
the
been administered.
In
addition,
a
record
shall
be
maintained
of
all
physician-in-charge.
injections
given.
c
(5)
Administer,
:- 'or atropine
if directed
bf agent
exposure.
If
e.
resuscitation
tems are not
contamination
indicated,
should
available.
exists.
in rapid
succession,
by the local
physician)
all
three
in the
CPR should
be started
immediately.
Mouth-to-mouth
when approved
mask-bag
or oxygen
delivery
sysbe used
Do not use mouth-to-mouth
resuscitation
when facial
CAUTION:
Atropine
does not act as a prophylactic
tered
until
an agent
exposure
has been ascertained.
U.S.
ARMY CHEMICAL
CH, DEVELOPME
GINEERING
CEN
HEET
LETHAL NERVE AGENT
----------------------m
-------------------..=-.
ZUWFACTURER'
/
MARK I kit
injectors
case of SEVERE signs
(VX)
----------w---- GENERAL
_------------------------------
INFO
and
shall
not
adminis-
be
cy Telephone
#s:
Safety
Office
71-4411
0700-1700
fter
normal
duty
hours:
301-278-5201
Ask for CRDEC Staff
Duty Officer
--_--------
U.S. ARMY ARMAMENT, MUNITIONS
AND CHEMI
CHEMICAL RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT AND ENGINEERIN
CENTER
ATTN:
SMCCR-CMS-E
ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND, MD 21010-5423
DATE:
A
,;-
\
,/POISON\
\ GAS/
\
\ /I
U.S. ARMY CHEMICAL
RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT
AND ENGINEERING CENTER
MATERIAL
3 Dee 1990
Emergency Telephone
#s:
CRDEC Safety
Office
301-671-4411
0700-1700
EST After
normal duty
hours:
301-278-5201
Ask for CRDEC Staff
Duty Officer
SAFETY DATA sHEET
V
LETHAL NERVE AGENT (vx)
SECTION I - GENERAL INFORMATION
---------------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURER'S
ADDRESS:
CAS REGISTRY NUMBER:
U.S. ARMY ARMAMENT, MUNITIONS AND CHEMICAL COMMAND
CHEMICAL RESEARCH DEVEIOPMENT AND ENGINEERING
CENTER
ATTN:
SMCCR-CMS-E
ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND, MD 21010-5423
50782-69-9,
51848-47-6,
53800-40-1,
70938-84-o
CHEMICAL NAME:
Phosphonothioic
acid,
methyl-,
S-(2-bis(l-methylethylamino)ethyl)
ester
-O-ethyl
S-(2-diisopropylaminoethyl)
methylphosphonothioate
-=
:-2-Diisopropylaminoethyl
O-ethyl
methylphosphonothioate
O-ethyl
methylphosphonothiolate
i!. ,-2(2-Diisopropylamino)ethyl)
O-ethyl
S-(2-diisoproplyaminoethy)
methylphosphonothioate
O-ethyl
S-(2-diisoproplyaminoethy)
methylthiolphosphonoate
O-ethyl
TRADE NAME AND SYNONYMS:
vx
EA 1701
TX60
CHEMICAL
FAMILY:
FORMULA/CHEMICAL
Cl1
sulfinated
organophosphorus
compound
STRUCTURE:
H26 N 02 P S
/CH3
CH3-P
/
CH
\
-S-CH2-CH2N-
I
O-C2H5
NFPA 704 SIGNAL:
Health
Flammability
Reactivity-
4
- 1
1
\CH3
2
/\
/
/\I
\
A
---A-
--------__________________1_________3___------------------------------
---------__I_----___-------------
SECTION
If - COMPOSITION
_____----------___---~~---~----~~---------
BY WEIGHT
... NAME
CllH26N02PS
/-- vx
100%
LIMIT
. 00001 mg/m3
___________________----------------------------------------------------.-----,
SECTION III
- PHYSICAL DATA
------------------------------------------------
------------------------e.---.
BOILING
POINT
DEG
F
(DEG
C):
VAPOR PRESSURE (mm Hg):
0.0007
VAPOR DENSITY
9.2
SOLUBILITY
(AIR=l):
IN WATER:
@ 25
(298)
Deg C
moderate
APPEARANCE AND ODOR: Colorless
in appearance
to motor oil.
to straw
colored
liquid
--------------
----------------------------------------------*--------------,-
--------------
SECTION IV - FIRE AND EXPLOSION
--------------------------------------------------------------
FLASHPOINT:
159 Deg C (McCutchan
FLAMMABILITY
LIMITS
(% by volume):
Not
Applicable
,PPER EXPLOSIVE
LIMIT:
Not
Applicable
Water mist,
MEDIA:
will
cause splashing
similar
DATA
Not Available
LIMIT:
EXTINGUISHING
methods that
& odorless,
- Young)
EXPLOSIVE
-LOWER
i.
568
Avoid using
fog, foam, C02.
or spreading
of the VX.
extinguishing
All persons
not engaged in
extinguishing
SPECIAL FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES:
Fires
involving
VX
the fire
should
be immediately
evacuated
from the area.
When
to
uncontrolled
areas.
should be contained
to prevent
contamination
fireareas
containing
agents,
responding
to a fire
alarm in buildings
or
fighting
personnel
should
wear full
firefighter
protective
clothing
(without
TAP clothing)
during
chemical
agent firefighting
and fire
rescue operations.
full
facepiece,
Positive
pressure,
required.
Respiratory
protection
is
breathing
apparatus
(SCBA) will
be worn where
NIOSH-approved
self-contained
by the
fire
chief
of
there
is danger of oxygen deficiency
and when directed
series
The M9 or Ml7
operations
officer.
chemical
accident/incident
(CAI)
mask may be worn
in
lieu
of
SCBA when there
is
no danger-of
oxygen
In
cases where firefighters
are responding
to a chemxal
accldeficiency.
they
dent/incident
for rescue/reconnaissance
purposes
vice
firefighting,
will
wear appropriate
levels
of protective
clothing
(see Sectlon
8).
-‘\
Skin contact
with V-agents
must be avoided
at all
fumes.
Do not
breathe
times.
Although
the fire
may destroy
most of the agent,
care must still
be
further
not
-liquids
do
the
agent
or contaminated
taken
to
assure
sewers.
Contact
with VX or VX vapors can be
other
areas
or
contaminated
fatal.
UNUSUAL FIRE AND EXPLOSION
HAZARDS:
---_________________-----------.-------
SECTION
--_--_______________-------------------
None known.
-----___--_-_________________
V - HEALTH HAZARD DATA
--_______-__________-----------------
____
week is an 8-hour time weighted
average
This value
is based on the TWA of
VX
in the USAEHA Technical
Guide 169, tlOccupational
Health
Guideas proposed
Evaluation
of
Exposure
to Nerve
/--i.nes
for the
and Control
Occupational
To date,
however,
the
Occupational
Safety
and
.&gents GA, GB, GD, and VX".
Administration
(OSHA)
has not
promulgated
permissible
exposure
Health
concentration
for VX.
8-hour
workday
('rWA)
of
VX is
not
American
of
0.00001
40-hour
a
mg/m?
listed
by the
Conference
work
ppm).
(9X10-7
of
International
Agency
Governmental
tional
Safety
and Health
Administration
gram (NTP) as a carcinogen.
for
on Cancer
Research
(ACGIH),
Toxicology
Industrial
Hygienists
(OSHA), or National
(IARC) I
OccupaPro-
with
median
VX is a lethal
anticholinergic
agent
EFFECTS OF OVEREXPOSURE:
LD50 (Skin)
= 0.135 mg/kg;
ID50 (Skin)
- 0.07 - 0.71
dose
in
man being:
mg/kg; LCt50 (inhalation)
= 30 mg min/m3;
LCt50 (inhalation)
- 24 mg min/m3.
One to several
minutes
acute symptoms appear:
a.
following
(1) Local
effects
(lasting
(=
days,
to
airborne
increases
(constriction
Rhinorrhea
salivation,
(b) By Inhalation:
in chest,
wheezing,
tightness
Y
=E-
1-15
Miosis
On Eyes:
on eyes.
(a)
sensation
overexposure
after
with
of pupils);
the
dose):
redness.,
nose),
vomiting.
( =w
nausea,
VX,
nasal
pressure
congestion,
Systemic
Effects
(increases
with
dose):
By Inhalation
(2)
salivation
and
difficulty:
.xcessive
secretion
causing
coughing/breathing
involuntary
stomach.
cramps;
diarrhea;
sweating;
vomiting,
CNS
cramps;
generalized
muscle
twitching/muscle
urination/defecation:
anxiety,
restlessness,
giddiness,
insomnia,
excessive
depression
including
tremor,
With more severe exposure,
also headache,
dreaming
and nightmares.
confusion,
memory
impairment,
difficulty,
concentration
drowsiness,
unsteadiness
on standing
or walki.ng.
b.
appear:
After
(1)
Local
to
liquid
VX,
the
following
acute
Miosis,
Salivation,
involuntary
(b) By Ingestion:
cramps,
diarrhea,
(c)
On Skin:
(2)
Systemic
redness,
sweating,
Effects:
muscle
similar
pressure
sensation
anorexia,
defecation,
on eyes.
nausea,
heartburn.
vomiting,
twitching.
to generalized
effects
from
exposure
airborne-VX.
forgetfulness,
overexposure
to
VX causes
Chronic
muscular
aches/pains.
vision
disturbances,
difficulty,
2
shown
to
be teratogenic
been
pesticides
have
.' _ 'rganophosphate
these effects
have not been documented
in carefully
controlled
C.
evaluations
**
symptoms
Effects
(a) On Eyes:
abdominal
to
overexposure
for
See Addendum
EMERGENCY
AND
VX.
A for
FIRST-
detailed
AID
information.
PROCEDURES:
**
thinking
Although
cerin animals,
toxicological
s,evere'signs
of agent exposure
appear
(chest
tightens,
pupil
constriction,
administer,
in
immediately
rapid
succession,
incoordination,
etc.),
all
Mark I injectors
(or atropine
if directed
three Nerve Agent Antidote
Kit(s),
f- )y the local
Injections
using the Mark I kit
injectors
may be
physician).
are
Progressing
repeated
at 5 to 20 minute
intervals
if signs and symptoms
No more injections
until
three series
of injections
have been administered.
In addition,
a record
will
be given unless
directed
by medical
personnel.
If breathing
has stopped,
give
will
be maintained
of all
injections
given.
should be used when
Mouth-to-mouth
resuscitation
artificial
respiration.
mask-bag
or oxygen delivery
systems are not available.
Do not use
approved
facial
contamination
exists.
resuscitation
If
breamouth-to-mouth
when
Seek medical
attention
IMMEDIATELY.
thing
is difficult,
administer
oxygen.
flush
eyes with water
for lo-15 minutes,
then don
EYE CONTACT: IMMEDIATELY
Although
miosis
(pinpointing
of the pupils)
respiratory
protective
mask.
an injection
will
not be adminisagent
exposure,
may be an early
sign
of
Instead,
the individual
will
be
tered when miosis
is the only sign present.
taken IMMEDIATELY to the medical
treatment
facility
for observation.
protective
mask and remove contaminated
Don respiratory
SKIN
CONTACT:
5% houseImmediately
wash contaminated
skin with a solution
of
clothing.
hould bleach,
rinse
well
with water
to remove excess bleach
followed
by coantidote
kit,.
Mark
I,
Administer
nerve agent
pious soap and water wash.
observed.
Seek
only if local
sweating
and muscular
twitching
symptoms are
medical
attention
IMMEDIATELY.
vomiting.
Do not
induce
INGESTION:
IMMEDIATELY
administer
rflgastrointestinal.
Seek medical
attention
IMMEDIATELY.
ii
** See Addendum B for detailed
instructions.
First
Nerve
are
symptoms
Agent Antidote
likely
to be
Kit,
Mark
I.
**
---------------_---------------------------------,----------,
-----------
----------------------------
SECTION VI - REACTIVITY
DATA
------------------------------------------------
Relatively
stable
STABILITY:
purity
decomposed at a rate of
Unstabilized
room temperature.
at
5% a month at 71 Deg C.
VX of 95%
During
basic
hydrolysis
of VX up to about
HAZARDOUS DECOMPOSITION PRODUCTS:
10% of
the agent is converted
to EA2192 (diisopropylaminoethyl
methylphosBased
on the
concentration
of EA2192 expected
to be
phonothioic
acid).
formed
during
hydrolysis
and its toxicity
(1.4 mg/kg dermal in rabbit
at 24
a Class B poison would result.
hours in a lo/90 wt% ethanol/water
solution),
which
uses both HTH and NaOH, destroys
VX
The large
scale decon procedure,
Typically
the
large
scale
product
contains
oxidation
and
hydrolysis.
by
At pH 12, the EA2192 in the large
scale
at 24 hours.
0.2 - 0.4 wt% EA2192
Thus the 90 day holding
period
at
product
has a half-life
of about 14 days.
pH 12 results
in about a 64-fold
reduction
of EA2192 (six half-lives).
This
holding
period
has been shown to be sufficient
to reduce
the toxicity
of the
product
below
that
of a Class
B poison.
_-Other
'-
less toxic
products
diisopropylaminoethyl
acid,
are
ethyl
methylphosphonic
mercaptan,
diethyl
acid,
methylphosphinic
methylphosphonate,
and
ethanol.
The
small
VX thus
scale
decontamination
no EA2192 is formed.
procedure
uses
sufficient
HTH to oxidize
all
-“‘-~--------““----“---‘-----“‘--------------------------------------------------
SECTION VII
----________-------------------------
- SPILL,
LEAK, AND DISPOSAL
------------________------
c- ,fEPS
TO BE TAKEN IN CASE MATERIAL
IS RELEASED
leaks
or spills
occur,
only
personnel
in full
OR
PROCEDURES
-------a-____
SPILLED:
protective
clothing
(See
If
In
case
of
personnel
contamination
see
will
remain
in
area.
Section
8 )
Spills
must be Contained
Section
V IfEmergency
and First
Aid Instructions".
diatomaceous
earth,
clay or fine sand.
with vermiculite,
This
by covering
containment
is followed
by the following
treatment:
PROCEDURES (For Quantities
less than 50 grams):
If the active
chlorine
of the Calcium
Hypochlorite
(HTH) is at least
55 percent,
then 80 grams of a 10 percent
slurry
is required
for each gram of
VX.
more
HTH is required
if the chlorine
activity
of the HTH is
Proportionally
The mixture
is
agitated
as the VX is added and the
lower than 55 percent.
If phasing
of the VX/deagitation
is maintained
for a minimum of one hour.
con solution
continues
after
5 minutes,
an amount of denatured
ethanol
equal
to a 10 wt percent
of the total
agent/decon
shall
be added to assist
misciNOTE:
ETHANOL
SHOULD BE MINIMIZED
TO PREVENT THE-FORMATION OF A
bility.
of the one hour agitation
the decon mixHAZARDOUS WASTE. Upon completion
Conduct general
area monture shall
be adjusted
to a pH between
10 and 11.
itoring
to confirm
that the atmospheric
concentrations
do not exceed the
airborne
exposure
limit
(see Sections
2 and 8).
RECOMMENDED LABORATORY
RECOMMENDED FIELD PROCEDURES (For
can only
/ C.NOTE: These procedures
3fety Office.)
Quantities
greater
than 50 grams):
be used with the approval
of the CRDEC
\,( An alcoholic
100 milliliters
of denatured
HTH mixture
is prepared
by adding
This mixture
ethanol
to a 900 milliliter
slurry
of 10 percent
HTH in water.
HTH can react with the ethanol.
should
be make just
prior
to use since the
is used for each gram of VX.
AgiFourteen
grams of alcoholic
HTH solution
Continue
the
agitation
tate the decontamination
mixture
as the VX is added.
This reaction
is reasonable
exothermic
and evolfor a minimum of one hour.
off
gassing.
The
evolved
reaction
gases
should
be
routed
ves substantial
through
a decontaminate
filled
scrubber
prior
to release
through
filtration
systems.
After
completion
of the one hour minimum agitation,
10 percent
Sodium Hydroxide
is added in a quantity
equal to that necessary
to assure that
Hold the
a pH of 12.5 is maintained
for a period
not less than 24 hours.
material
at a pH between
10 and 12 for a period
not less than 90 days to
ensure that a hazardous
intermediate
material
is not formed.
of the drum shall
be decontaminated
and
After
sealing
the head, the exterior
shall
be
All leaking
containers
then labeled
IAW EPA and DOT regulations.
conand exterior
overpacked
with vermiculite
placed
between the interior
Dispose
of
tainers.
Decontaminate
and label
IAW EPA and DOT regulations.
Conduct
general
methods
provided
below.
the material
IAW waste disposal
area monitoring
to confirm
that
the atmospheric
concentrations
do not exceed
the airborne
exposure
limit
(see Sections
2 and 8).
If the alcoholic
Calcium
Hypochlorite
FAhe following
decontaminants
may be used
solution
‘f preference:
Decontamination
and Sodium Hypochlorite.
Slurry
(STB),
WASTE
VX or items
Open pit
burning
or
burying
of
DISPOSAL
METHOD:
The decontaminated
with
VX in any quantity
is prohibited.
or
procedures
above) can be thermally
destroyed
by incinervx (using
in accordance
with
appropriate
pr;oviincinerator
in an EPA approved
containing
toxified
ation
(HTH) mixture
is not available
then
instead
and are listed
in the order
No. 2 (DS2), Supertropical
Bleach
SOme states
NOTE::
Waste.
F-
define
decontaminated
___________-----------------------SECTION
__________-----------------------RESPIRATORY
VIII
than
0.00001
as a RCRA Hazardous
---------------------------------- SPECIAL PROTECTION INFORMATION
_-------------____-_-------------
RESPIRATORY
0.00001
mg/m3 to
M9, M17,
available
mg/m3
0.02
mg/m3
PROTECTIVE
_
-----a---
than
0.02
mg/m3
or
EQUIPMENT
or M40 series
mask shall
for escape as necessary.
be
M9 or M40 series
mask with Level A or
Level B protective
ensemble
(see AMCR
385-131 for determination
of appropriate
level).
Demilitarization
or Toxicological
Self-Contained
approval
from
Greater
unknown
material
PROTECTION:
VX CONCENTRATION
Less
surety
Protective
Ensemble (DPE)
Agent Protective
Ensemble
(TAPES),
used with prior
AMC Field
Safety
Activity.
DPE or TAPES used with prior
from AMC Field
Safety
Activity.
approval
NOTE: When DPE or TAPES is not available
the M9 or M40 series
mask with Level A
However,
protective
ensemble
can be used.
use time shall
be restricted
to the
extent
operationally
feasible,
and may not
exceed one hour.
As an additional
precaution,
the cuffs
of
the sleeves
and the legs of the M3 suit shalbe taped to the gloves
and boots to reduce
aspiration.
Local
mg/m3.
exhaust:
Must
be filtered
or scrubbed
to
limit
exit
cont.
to
.00001
laboratory
hoods
shall
have
an average
inward
face
Special:
Chemical
velocity
of 100 linear
feet per minute
(lfpm)
+ 10 percent
with the velocity
at any point
not deviating
from the average
face velocity
by more
than
20
percent.
Laboratory
hoods
shall
be located
such
that cross-drafts
do
A visual
performance
velocity.
not exceed 20 percent
of the inward
face
smoke-producing
devices
shall
be performed
in assessing
the
test
utilizing
ability
of the hood to contain
agent VX.
Emergency
backup power necessary.
after
modification
or maintenance
formed 20 cm inside
hood face.
r
-Ither:
Recirculation
connection
between
permitted.
PROTECTIVE
GLOVES:
Hoods should
operations.
semi-annually
or
be tested
Operations
should be per-
areas
or exhaust
air from agent
agent areas and other
areas through
Butyl
glove
M3 and M4
Chemical
Protective
Norton,
Glove
is
prohibited.
ventilation
system
Set
No
is
OTHER PROTECTIVE
EQUIPMENT:
~~11
protective
clothing
will
mask and hood, M3 butyl
rubber
suit,
M2Al
butyl
boots,
M3
+
or demilitarization
protective
ensemble
nimpregnated
underwear:
,aboratory
operations,
wear lab coats,
gloves
and mask readily
smock,
In addition,
daily
clean
required
when handling
contaminated
foot
lab
covers,
animals.
and
head
consist
of Mg
or M4 gloves,
(DPE).
For
available.
covers
will
be
Available
monitoring
equipment
for agent HD is the M8/M9 detecMONITORING:
Depot Area Air Monitor paper,
detector
ticket,
M256/M256Al
kits,
bubbler,
Continuous
Air Monitoring
System
(ACAMS),
toring
System (DAMMS), Automated
Chemical
Agent Concentrator
(DCAC),
Real-Time
Monitor
(RTM), Demilitarization
CAM-Ml,
Hydrogen
Flame Photometric
Emission
Detector
M8/M43,
M8Al/M43Al,
Chemical
Agent Monitor
(MINICAM).
(HYFED), and the Miniature
----------------------------------.-----
-------------------------------------
SECTION IX - SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS
------------------------------------.----------_-----_----------------------AND STORING:
PRECAUTIONS
TO BE TAKEN IN HANDLING
the buddy system will
be incorporated.
No smoking,
eating,
and
In handling,
Containers
.should
be
drinking
in areas containing
agent
is
permitted.
(either
visually
or by a detector
kit).
periodically
inspected
for
leaks
control
over
all
personnel
practices
must
be exercised.
Stringent
located.
Exits
must
be
Decontamination
equipment
shall
be conveniently
to
permit
rapid
evacuation.
Chemical
showers,
eye-wash stations
designed
Wash hands before
and personal
cleanliness
facilities
must be provided.
'Teals and each worker
will
shower thoroughly
with special
attention
given to
end
of soap before
leaving
at the
.air,
face,
neck, and hands, using plenty
of the workday.
Agent
OTHER PRECAUTIONS:
container
when in storage
must be double
or when outside
contained
in
of ventilation
liquid
and vapor
hood.
tight
Regulations
for
see AMC-R 385-131,
"Safety
information
For
additional
169,
Guide No.
Chemical
Agents H, HD, HT, GB and VX" and "USAEHA Technical
Occupational
Health
Guidelines
for the Evaluation
and Control
of Occupational Exposure
to Nerve Agents GA, GB, GD, and VX".
------------__---__--------------------------
--------------------___I_Ic___c
SECTION X - TRANSPORTATION
ccc--------------------------------------------------------
----------------PROPER SHIPPING
NAME:
DOT HAZARD CLASS:
DOT LABEL:
DOT MARKING:
(_DOT
PLACARD:
Poison
Poisonous
Poison
liquid,
DATA
n.o.s.
A
gas
(O-ethyl
S-(2-diisopropylaminoethyl)
Poisonous
liquid,
n.o.s.
methyl
phosphonothioate)
NA 1955
POISON GAS
EMERGENCY ACCIDENT
VIII.
PRECAUTIONS
AND PROCEDURES:
See
Sections
Motor
TRANSPORTATION:
IN
PRECAUTIONS
TO BE TAKEN
Driver
shall
be given
regardless
of quantity.
placarded,
in case of
regarding
shipment
and conditions
information
IV,
vehicles
full
and
emergency.
VII
will
and
be
complete
AR50-6
chemical
zh rhile
the
Research
Development
and Engineering
Center,
that
the
contained
department
of the Army bekieves
data
herein
are
factual
and
the
opinions
expressed
are
of qualified
experts
those
regarding
the results
of the tests
conducted,
the data are not to
be taken
for which the Department
of the Army or
as a warranty
or
representation
Center
assumes
Research
Development
and Engineering
Chemical
legal
your
consideration,
responsibility.
They
are
offered
solely
for
Any use of these data and information
must
investigation,
and verification.
the
user
to
be
in
accordance
with applicable
be determined
by
and local
laws and regulations.
Federal,
State,
ADDENDUM A
1.
Acute
Physiological
Site
of
Effects:
Signs
Action
and Sympotoms
Following
Local
Exposure
Muscarine-like-
Miosis,
marked,
usually
maximal
sometimes
unequal.
(pinpoint),
Pupils
Ciliary
Frontal
headache,
eye pain on
slight
dimness of vision,
focusing,
occasional
nausea and vomiting.
body
Hyperemia.
Conjunctivae
Nasal
mucous
Bronchial
tree
membranes
Rhinorrhea,
hyperemia.
Tightness
in chest,
sometimes
prolonged
wheezing
expiration
tive
of broncho-constriction
increased
secretion,
cough.
Following
Bronchial
Gastrointestinal
tree
Systemic
with
sugges
or
Absorption
Tightness
in Ghest, with prolonged
wheezing,
expiration
suggestive
of
broncho-constriction
or increased
secretion,
dyspnea,
slight
pain in
chest,
increased
bronchial
secretio
cough, pulmonary
edema, cyanosis.
Anorexia,
cramps,
tightness
nausea,
vomiting,
epigastric
and
(cardiospasm)
abdomin
substernal
with
"heart
9.
Sweat
Q-
glands
Increased
sweating.
Salivary
glands
Increased
salivation.
Lacrimal
glands
Increased
lacrimation.
Heart
Slight
Pupils
Slight
later
Ciliary
bradycardia.
miosis,
maximal
Blurring
body
Frequent,
Bladder
occasionally
unequal,
miosis
(pinpoint).
of vision.
involuntary
micturition
Nicotine-likeStriated
Sympathetic
/"-
2.
newous
Chronic
Physiological
unless
central
b.
Acute
Pallor,
pressure.
ganglia
Central
a.
--
fatigue,
mild weakness,
muscul;
twitching,
fasciculations,
cramps,
generalized
weakness,
including
muscles
of respiration,
with dyspnez
and cyanosis.
Easy
muscle
occasional
elevation
Giddiness,
tension,
anxiety,
jitteriness,
restlessness,
emotional
lability,
excessive
dreaming,
insomnia,
nightmares,
headaches,
tremor,
withdrawal
and depression,
bursts
of slow waves of elevated
voltage
in EEG, especially
on overventilation,
drowsiness,
difficult
slowness
on recall,
concentration,
slurred
speech,
ataxia,
confusion,
generalized
weakness,
coma, with
absence of reflexes,
Cheyne-Stokes
respirations,
convulsions,
depression
of respiratory
and circulator:
centers,
with dyspnea,
cyanosis,
ant
fall
in blood pressure.
system
Effects:
Exposure.
If recovery
from nerve agent poisoning
occurs,
it will
anoxia
or convulsions
have gone unchecked
so long that
nervous- system changes due to anoxemia
have occurred.
Chronic
of bloc
be complete
irreversible
Exposure.
The inhibition
of cholinesterase
enzymes throughout
the body by nerve
agents is more or less irreversible
so that their
effects
are prolonged.
Until
the tissue
cholinesterase
enzymes are restored
to normal activity,
probably
by very slow regeneration
over a period
of weeks or 2 to 3 months
i
damage is severe
there
is a period
of increased
susceptibility
to the effect
During
this
period
the effects
of
of another
exposure
to any nerve agent.
after
a
single
exposure,
daily
exposure
t
repeated
exposures
are -cumulative:
lowed by inCreaSingly
severe
for one
sceptibility
persists
to produce
recurrence
:ymptoms, depend on duration
of
Increased
susceptibility
is not
initially
absorbed.
After
symptoms subside,
increased.
to serveral
days.
The degree of exposure
and the severity
of these
of symptoms,
exposure
and time intervals
between exposure:
limited
to the particular
nerve agent
effeCtS.
Estimates
have been made for the times as which 50% of exposed subjects
woulc
These are presented
be affected
(EtSO's)
at median incapacitating
doses.
below.
Degree of
Effectiveness
Et50
1ct50
Exposure
mg min/m3
min
min
1.5
3.0
6.0
Moderate
Incap.
27
27
40
0.5
2.0
10.0
1.0
3.8
7.8
Severe
Incap.
37
37
56
0.5
2.0
10.0
very
47
47
72
0.5
2.0
10.0
Death
70
70
103
0.5
2.0
10.0
-2.0
('.. i.5
9.5
Severe
Incap.
6.5
9.0
13.5
Time
Exposure
to high concentrations
of nerve agent may bring
on incoordination,
mental
confusion
and collapse
so rapidly
that the casualty
cannot perform
the man nearest
to him will
give first
aid.
self-aid.
If this
happens,
Onset
Types of
Effects
Time
of Symptons.
Route of
- Absorption
When Effects
Appear After
Exposure
Description
of Effects
nasal hyperemia
in chest,
wheezing
Vapor
Local
Lungs
Rhinorrhea,
tightness
Vapor
Local
Eyes
Conjectival
Miosis,
frontal
eye pain,
hyperemia
headache.
One to several
minutes
One to several
minutes
effects.
Liquid
Local
Eyes
Same as vapor
Liquid
Local
Ingestion
Gastrointestinal.
2a above).
Liquid
Skin
Local sweating
twitching.
Liquid
Systemic
Lungs
See 2a above.
Liquid
Systemic
Eyes
Same as for
Liquid
Systemic
Skin
Generalized
Liquid
Systemic
Ingestion
Gastrointestinal
above).
Local
-Onset
Time
Types of
Effects
of Symptoms.
. after
moderate
or marked expo>
oure; about 30
min after
mild
exposure.
(See 2a above)
Instantly
effects.
(See
About
after
and muscular
minutes
vapor
Several
minutes
sweating.
15 minutes
hours
to 2
15 minutes
2 hours
to
(See 2a
Duration
Mild
Exposure
of
Effects
After
Severe
Exposure
Vapor
Local
Lungs
A few hours
1 to
2 days
Vapor
Local
Eyes
Miosis
24 hours
3 to
2 to
14 days
5 days
Vapor
Systemic
Lungs
Liquid
Local
Several
hours
Eyes
Similar
effects
to
of vapor
Liquid
Local
Ingestion
3 days
5 days
Liquid
Local
Skin
3 days
5 days
_r_Liwid
;ystemic
i ‘.I
or eyes
3 min to 2 hour
Several
(cont'd)
Route of
Absorption
30 min.
ingestion
8 days
Lungs
1 to
5 days
Liquid
Systemic
Eyes
2 to
4 days
Liquid
Systemic
Skin
2 to
5 days
Systemic
ADDENDUM B
First
Aid
Procedures.
a.
Exposed
personnel
will
be removed
immediately
to an uncontaminatec
atmosphere.
Personnel
handling
casualty
cases will
give
consideration
tc
their
own safety
and will
take
precautions
and employ the prereguiste
protective
equipment
to avoid becoming
exposed themselves.
CAUTION:
important
blot off
Due to
the
rapid
that decontamination
excessive
agent prior
effects
of
nerve
of personnel
not
to decontamination.
agents,
be delayed
it
is
extremely
by attempting
to
b. The casualty
will
then be decontaminated
by immediately
removing
contaminated
clothing
and washing
the
contaminated
areas
with copi:::
amounts of soap and water,
5% sodium
hypochlorite
solution,
or
liquid
household
bleach
(nominal
5% solution
sodium hypochlorite)
and flushing
with
clean
water.
Mask will
be left
on the victim
until
decontamintion
has been
completed
unless
it
has
been
determined
that
areas
of
the
face
were
contaminated
and the
mask
must be removed to facilitate
decontamination.
decontamination,
the contaminated
clothing
will
be removed
and skin
;-- After
contamination
washed
away.
If possible,
decontamination
will
be completed
lefore the casualty
is taken to the aid station
or medical
facility.
b
CAUTION:
Care
must
be taken when decontaminating
facial
areas to
avoid
getting
the hypochlorite
into the eyes or mouth.
Only clean water shall
be
used when flushing
the eyes or mouth.
Skin
surfaces
decontaminated
with
bleach
should
be thoroughly
flushed
with water to prevent
skin irritation
from the bleach.
c.
If there is no apparent
breathing,
artifical
resuscitation
will
be
started
immediately
(mouth-to-mouth,
or with mechanical
resuscitator).
The
situation
will
dictate
method of choice,
e.g.,
contaminated
face.
Do not
use mouth-to-mouth
resuscitation
when
facial
contamination
exists.
When
appropriate,
and when
trained
personnel
are
available,
cardio-pulmonary
resuscitation
(CPR) may be necessary.
d.
An
definite
with the
individual
who has received
a known
signs
or symptoms of agent exposure
Nerve Agent Antidote
Kit,
MARK I.
agent
shall
Some of the early
symptoms
of
a vapor
(1)
in
the chest with
(runny nose) and/or
tightness
chial
constriction).
(2)
muscular
,- romiting.
Some of the early
symptomsi'.
twitching
or sweating
at the
exposure
or who exhibits
be injected
immediately
exposure
shortness
of percutaneous
area of exposure
may be rhinorrhea
of breath
(bron-
exposure
followed
may be local
by nausea or
(3) Although
myosis
(pin-pointing
of the pupils)
may be an early
sign of
not be administered
when myosis is the
agent
exposure,
a MARK I Kit shall
the individual
shall
be taken
immediately
tc
only sign present.
Instead,
the medical
facility
for observation.
DATE:
U.S. ARMY CHEMICAL
RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT
AND ENGINEERING
CENTER
3 Dee
1990
Emergency
Telephone
#s:
CRDEC Safety
Office
301-671-4411
0700-1700
EST After
normal
duty
hours:
301-278-5201
Ask for CRDEC Staff
Duty Officer
MATERIAL
SAFETY DATA SHEET
HT
____---_-----__------------------------------------------------------------SECTION I - GENERAL INFORMATION
--------------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURER'S
NAME:
MANUFACTURER'S
ADDRESS:
CAS REGISTRY
,nCHEMICAL
i.!..
Department
the
Army
U.S. AIlMY ARMAMENT, MUNITIONS
AND CHEMICAL COMMAND
CHEMICAL RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND ENGINEERING
CENTER
ATTN:
SMCCR-CMS-E
ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND; MD 21010-5423
Not
NUMBER:
of
Available
NAME:
HD : Bis-(2-chloroethyl)
T : Bis-[2-(2-chloroethylthio)-ethyl]
Alternate
chemical
See
sulfide
ether
names:
components
(HD,
T)
TRADE NAME AND SYNONYMS:
HT
Sulfur
CHEMICAL
FAMILY:
Chlorinated
- Mustard
sulfur
Mixture
FORMULA/CHEMICAL
STRUCTURE:
Sulfur
Mustard.
(T) by weight
H-D: c4 H8 Cl2 s
T:
C8 H16 Cl2 0 S2
NFPA 704
SIGNAL:
Health
Flammability
Reactivity
(Vesicant)
compound
of
60% Sulfur
Mustard
(HD)
and
40%
4
-
- 1
1
--------____---__---________I_________
SECTION II
------___________-----------------------------------------------------------
---------------------------------
- COMPOSITION
---e-
FORMULA
INGREDIENTS
NAME
'
*
HT
* See Section
____
AIRBORNE
EXPOSURE LIMIT
100
0.003
(AEL)
mg/m3
I
________------------------------------------------------------------
SECTION
____________-___-------------------BOILING
PERCENTAGE
BY WEIGHT
No constant
POINT:
0.104
VAPOR DENSITY
6.92
SOLUBILITY
SPECIFIC
GRAVITY
FREEZING
(MELTING)
AUTOIGNITION
point.
(H20=1):
DEG C
228
insoluble.
at
1.265
POINT:
Above
@ 25 DEG C
Practically
IN WATER:
- PHYSICAL DATA
----------------------------------------
boiling
VAPOR PRESSURE (torr):
(AIR=l):
III
0.0
to
20 DEG C
1.3
DEG C
TEMPERATURE DEG F (DEG C):
Data
not
available
-VISCOSITY
(CENTISTOKES):
6.05
@ 20 DEG C
.(mg/m3):
831 @ 25 DEG C
e VOLATILITY
EVAPORATION RATE:
Data
not
available
APPEARANCE & ODOR: Odor: Garlic-like
Appearance:
Highly
viscous
clear
to pale
yellow
liquid
Icc---------c---I--I--------------------------------------------------------
SECTION IV - FIRE AND EXPLOSION
---------------------------------------------------------------------------FLASHPOINT:
(METHOD USED):
FLAMMABILITY
LIMITS
EXTINGUISHING
methods that
will
approximately
(% by volume):
Data
100 DEG C (method
not
unknown)
available
MEDIA:
Water,
fog, foam, C02.
splash
or spread mustard.
UNUSUAL FIRE & EXPLOSION HAZARDS:
oxides
in a fire.
Unburned
agent
and vesicant
effects.
DATA
Avoid
use
May produce
hydrogen
vapors may be present
of .extinguishinc_
chloride
and sulfur
and can cause
toxic
-SPECIAL FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES:
All persons
not engaged in
extinguishin?
the fire
should
be immediately
evacuated
from the area.
Fires
involving
H?
should be contained
to prevent
contamination
to
uncontrolled
areas.
Wher
to a fire
alarm in buildings
or
areas
firecontaining-agents,
:--Fwresponding
fighting
personnel
should
wear full
firefighter
protective
clothing
(without
TAP clothing)
during
chemical
agent firefighting
and fire
rescue operations
required.
Positive
pressure,
Respiratory
protection
is
full
facepiece
breathing
NIOSH-approved
self-contained
apparatus
(SCBA) will
be worn where
there is danger of oxygen
deficiency
and when directed
by the fire
chief
o
c&;ical
accident/incidentie;CAI)
operations
officer.
The M9 or Ml7 series
be worn
in
SCBA when there
of
is
no danger on oxygen
cases where firefighters
deficiency.
In
are responding
to a chemical
accint/incident
for
rescue/reconnaissance
pruposes
vice
firefighting,
they
c ..lll
wear appropriate
levels
of protective
clothing
(see Section
8).
may
-------------------------------------
---------------------------------------
SECTION
--------------------------------------
V - HEALTH HAZARD DATA
--------------------------------------
EXPOSURE
LIMIT
(AEL):
The AEL for HT is 0.003 mg/m3 as proposed
in the USAEHA Technical
Guide No. 173,
"Occupational
Health
Guidelines
for
the Evaluation
and Control
of Occupational
Exposure
to Mustard Agents H, HD,
should
be intentionally
exposed to any direct
and HT".
No individual
skin
or eye contact.
AIRBORNE
HD, a component
of HT, is
tional
Agency for Research
recognized
on Cancer
as a
(IARC).
human carcinogen
by the
Interna-
EFFECTS OF OVEREXPOSURE:
HT is a vesicant
(causing
blisters).
Since
HT
contains
HD, HT is an alkylating
agent producing
cytotoxic
action
on the
hematopoietic
(blood-forming)
tissues
which are especially
sensitive.
The
rate
of detoxification
of HT in the body is very slow and repeated
exposure
Median lethal
and incapacitating
doses of HT in
produce a cumulative
effect.
However,
the inhalation
LCtSOs
in
man have
not been established.
certain
animal
species
have been established
as follows:
$?33:
\f
inea
,bbit:
100 - 200 mg-min/m3
3000 - 6000
Pig: 3000 - 6000 mg-min/m3
mg-min/m3
Mouse:
820 mg-min/m3
Maximum
safe
Ct for
ACUTE PHYSIOLOGICAL
HD for
skin
and eyes
are
ACTION
OF HT IS CLASSIFIED
5 and 2 mg-min/m3,
respectively.
AS LOCAL AND SYSTEMIC.
HT affects
both the eyes and the skin.
SKIN damage occurs
after
percutaneous
resorption.
Being lipid
soluble,
HT can be resorbed
into
all
organs.
Skin
penetration
is
rapid
without
skin
irritation.
Swelling
(blisters)
and reddening
(erythema)
of the skin occurs
after
a latency
period
of 4-24 hours following
the exposure,
depending
on the degree of exposure
and
individual
sensitivity.
The skin healing
process
is very slow.
Tender skin,
mucous
membranes,
and perspiration
covered
skin are more sensitive
to
the
HT's effect
on the skin,
however,
is less than on the
eyes.
effects
of HT.
eyes produces
severe
Local
action
on the
necrotic
damage and loss
of
Exposure
of eyes to HT vapor or
eyesight.
aerosol
produces.
lacrimation,
and inflammation
of the conjunctiva
and cornea.
photophobia,
LOCALLY {
SYSTEMIC ACTIONS occur primarily
through
inhalation
and ingestion.
The HT
is less toxic
to the skin or eyes than
vapor
or aerosol
the
liquid
form.
When inhaled,
the upper respiratory
tract
(nose,
throat,
trachea)
is inflamed
after
a few
hours latency
period,
accompanied
by sneezing,
coughing
and
bronchitis,
loss
of
appetite,
diarrhea,
fever,
and apathy.
Exposure
to
nearly
lethal
doses
of HT can produce
injury
to bone marrow,
lymph nodes, and
as
indicated
by a drop in WBC count and, therefore,
results
in
an
I,=->leen
susceptability
to
local
and
systemic
infections.
-Acreased
Ingestion
of
HT
will
produce
severe
stomach
pains,
vomiting,
and bloody
stools
after
a 15-20
: e
minute
CHRONIC
latency
period.
EXPOSURE
to
HT can
cause
sensitization,
chronic
lung
impairment,
.
(cough,
respiratory
(--‘YERGENCY
shortness
tract,
of
and
AND FIRST
breath,
skin,
AID
chest
pain)
and leukemia.
and
It
cancer
of
the
may also
mouth,
birth
cause
throat,
defects.
PROCEDURES:
INHALATION:
Remove
from the source
IMMEDIATELY.
If
give
artifical
respiration.
If breathing
is difficult,
stopped,
Seek medical
attention
IMMEDIATELY.
oxygen.
EYE CONTACT:
Speed in decontaminating
Remove person
from the liquid
source,
flush
by tilting
the head to the side,
pulling
the
Do
and pouring
water
slowly
into
the eyes.
if necessary,
protect
eyes by means of dark
victim
to the medical
facility
IMMEDIATELY.
the eyes
the eyes
eyelids
not cover
or opaque
breathing
has
administer
is absolutely
immediately
apart
with
eyes with
goggles.
essential.
with
water
the
fingers
bandages
but,
Transfer
the
SKIN CONTACT:
Don respiratory
protection
mask and gloves;
remove
agent
source
immediately.
Flush
skin and clothes
with
5 percent
hypochlorite
solution
or liquid
household
bleach,
then wash contaminated
soap
and
water.
If
shower
facilities
are
available,
area
with
thoroughly
and transfer
to medical
facility
IMMEDIATELY.
from
medical
INGESTION:
attention
Do not
induce
IMMEDIATELY.
vomiting.
Give
victim
milk
SECTION VI - REACTIVITY
DATA
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------.
Stable
at ambient
temperatures.
XBILITY:
Decomposition
&G
C to 185 DEG C.
HT is a persistent
agent
depending
and has been known to remain
active
for up to three
years
INCOMPATIBILITY:
C. Will
corrode
Conditions
steel
at
to
a rate
HAZARDOUS
DECOMPOSITION:
bis-(2-(2-hydroxyethylthio)
HT will
ethyl
HAZARDOUS POLYMERIZATION:
Will
avoid.
of
Rapidly
.OOOl in. of
hydrolyze
ether.
not
SECTION VII
- SPILL,
_______---------------------------------------------------------------------
to
HCl,
drink.
temperature
on pH and
in soil.
corrosive
steel
per
form
to
victim
sodium
skin
wash
Seek
is 165
moisture,
to..brass
@ 65 DEG
month @ 65 DEG C.
thiodiglycol,
and
occur.
LEAK,
AND DISPOSAL
PROCEDURES
STEPS TO BE TAKEN IN CASE MATERIAL
IS
RELEASED
OR SPILLED:
Only personnel
in
full
protective
clothing
will
be allowed
in an area where
HT is
spilled
(See section
8).
In case of personnel
contamination
see section
V "Emergency
and First
Aid Instructions."
RECOMMENDED FIELD PROCEDURES:
Spills
of
HT must
be
contained
by
using
vermiculite,
diatomaceous
earth,
clay- or fine
sand
and
neutralized
as possible
using
copious
amounts
of
5.25
percent
Sodium
Hypochlorite
solution.
Scoop up all
material
and place in approved
DOT containers.
Cover
the coni--3nts
of
the
drum with
decontaminating
solution
as above.
The exterior
of
ie drum shall
be decontaminated
and then labeled
IAW EPA and-DOT regulations
All leaking
containers
shall
be
overpacked
with
vermiculite
placed between
the interior
and exterior
containers.
Decontaminate
and label
IAW EPA and
DOT regulations.
drum
IAW Federal,
Dispose
state
of
the
and
material
local
used to decontaminate
regulations.
Conduct
exterior
general
01
arec7
monitor
(see Section
8) to confirm
that the atmonitoring
with
an approved
mospheric
concentrations
do not exceed the airborne
exposure
limit
(see Settions
2 and 8).
‘i\/ - f 5.25 percent
Sodium Hypochlorite
solution
is not available
then
the
following decontaminants
may
be used
instead
and are listed
in the order
of
preference:
Calcium
Hypochlorite,
Decontamination
Solution
No.
2 (DS2)
and Super
Tropical
Bleach
Slurry
(STB).
WARNING:
Pure,
undiluted
Calcium
Hypochlorite
(HTH) will
burn on contact
with
liquid
blister
agent.
RECOMMENDED LABORATORY PROCEDURES: A minimum of 65 grams of decon solution
is
allowed
to agitate
for a minimum
of
one hour.
Agitation
is not necessary
following
the first
hour if a single
phase is obtained.
At
the
end of
24
resulting
solution
shall
be adjusted
to a pH between 10 and 11.
hours,
the
active
chlorine
by use of
Test for presence
of
acidic
potassium
iodide
solution
to give free
iodine
color.
Place
3 ml of the
decontaminate
in a
test tube.
Add several
crystals
of Potassium
Iodine
and swirl
to dissolve.
Add 3 ml of
50 wt
percent
Sulfuric
Acid:water
and swirl.
IMMEDIATE
Iodine
color
indicates
the
presence
of active
chlorine.
If negative,
add
additional
5.25 percent
Sodium Hypochlorite
solution
to the decontamination
two
hours,
then test
again
solution,
wait
for active
chlorine.
Continue
procedure
until
positive
chlorine
is given by solution.
A 10 wt percent
HTH (calcium
hypochlorite)
mixture
Use
65 grams
of dedon per
dium Hypochlorite.
test as described
for Sodium Hypochlorite.
may be substituted
for
gram of HT and continue
Sothe
r Scoop up all material
the
drum
ents of
.c ;he drum shall
be
and place
in approved
DOT containers.
Cover the
conwith decontaminating
solution
as above.
The exterior
of
decontaminated
and then labeled
IAW EPA and DOT regulations.
All
leaking
containers
shall
be overpacked
with vermiculite
placed
between
the
interior
and exterior
containers.
Decontaminate
and label
IAF
EPA and DOT regulations.
Dispose
of the material
IAW waste disposal
methods
provided
below.
Dispose
of the material
used to decontaminate
exterior
of
drum IAW Federal,
state
and local
regulations.
Conduct general
area monitoring with an approved
monitor
to
confirm
that the atmospheric
concentrations
do not exceed the airborne
exposure
limits
(see Section
8).
contaminated
with HT and then
NOTE: Surfaces
sufficient
HT vapor to produce
a physiological
rinse-decontaminated
response.
may evolve
All
neutralized
material
should be collected,
conWASTE DISPOSAL METHOD:
tained
and thermally
decomposed
in an EPA permitted
incinerator
for decontaminated
HT (see note),
which will
filter
or scrub toxic
by-products
from effluent
air before
discharge
to the atmosphere.
Any contaminated
protective
clothing
should be decontaminated
using HTH or bleach
and analyzed
to assure
(3X) level.
it is free of detectable
contamination
The clothing
should ther
be sealed in plastic
bags inside
properly
labeled
drums
and held for shipDecontamination
of waste or excess material
ment back to the DA issue
point.
shall
be accomplished
in accordance
with the following
procedure
outlined
above with the following
exception:
/ .K+ith
\
--HT on laboratory
. _ _
concentrated
nitric
Open pit burning
in any quantity
Note:
Some states
or burying
is prohibited.
consider
glassware
_.
may be oxidized
by its
vigorous
reactior
acid.
of
HT or
certain
items
containing
decontaminated
or contaminated
surety
agents
with
K?
as RCRA haz
ardous
taken.
waste.
Local
regulations
___---------------------
--------------
,f-
__------------------RESPIRATORY
(mg/m3)
------c-cc-----------
to
be considered
before
disposal
-----------________-__________
action
is
---a-___
SECTION VIII
- SPECIAL PROTECTION INFORMATION
--------------------w--w_
--------------------_____
PROTECTION:
Concentration
Less
must
or equal
0.003 as an
8-hr TWA
than
Respiratory
Protection/Ensemble
_-------------------31_________1________----------
Required
Protective
mask not required
provided
that:
Continuous
real-&me
monitoring
(with
(a)
alarm capability)
is conducted
in the
work area at the 0.003 mg/m3 level
of
detection.
M9, Ml7 or M40 mask is available
and
w
donned if concentrations
exceed
0.003 mg/m3.
Exposure
has been limited
to the extent
(cl
practicable
by engineering
controls
(remote
operations,
ventilation,
and
process
isolation)
or work practices.
If these
following
conditions
applies:
are
not
met then
the
Full
facepiece,
chemical
canister,
airpurifying
respirators.
(The M9, M17, or
M40 series
or other certified
equivalent
masks acceptable
for this
purpose in conjunction
with the M3 toxicological
agent
protective
(TAP) suit
for dermal protection.)
,(\.
Greater
than
0.603 as an
8-hr TWA
Demilitarization
Protective
Ensemble
(DPE), .30 mil,
may be used with prior
approval
from the AMC Field
Safety
Activity
Use time for the 30 mil DPE must restricted
to two hours or less.
The
NOTE:
When 30 mil DPE is not available
the
M9 or M40 series
mask with Level A protective
ensemble
including
impregnated
innerwear
can
be used.
However,
use time shall
be restricted
to the extent
operationally
feasible,'and
may
not exceed one hour.
As an additional
precaution,
the cuffs
of the
sleeves
and the legs of the M3 suit
shall
be
taped to the gloves
and boots to reduce
aspiration.
VENTILATION:
:@
2pecial.
Chemical
velocity
velocity
than
laboratory
hoods
shall
have
an average
inward
face
100 linear
feet
per minute
(lfpm)
plus
or minus
10% with
the
at any point.not
deviating
from the average
face velocity
by more
20%.
Laboratory
hoods
shall
be located
such that
cross drafts
do not
of
exceed
20% of inward
face velocity.
A visual
performance
test
utilizing
smoke
producing
devices
shall
be performed
in assessing
the ability
of
the
- hood to contain
agent
HT.
=Jther.
Recirculation
of exhaust
air
from agent
areas
is
prohibited.
No
connection
between
agent
area and other
areas
through
the ventilation
system
Emergency
backup
power is necessary.
is
permitted.
Hoods should
be tested
semi-annually
or after
modification
or maintenance
operations.
Operations
should
be performed
20 cm inside
hoods.
- PROTECTIVE
GLOVES:
(M3, M4, gloveset).
EYE
hazard
PROTECTION:
use goggles
MANDATORY.
As a minimum,
and face-shield.
Butyl
Toxicological
chemical
goggles
Agent
will
Protective
be worn.
gloves
For
splash
EQUIPMENT:
PROTECTIVE
Full
protective
clothing
will
consist
of
the
rubber
suit
with
hood,
M2Al boots,
M3 gloves,
impregnated
underwear,
M9 series
mask and coveralls
(if desired),
or the Demilitarization
Protective
For
general
lab
work,
gloves
and lab coat shall
be worn with
Ensemble
(DPE).
M9 or Ml7 mask readily
available.
OTHER
M3 butyl
In
addition,
foot
covers,
when handling
head covers
and
contaminated
are required.
Available
monitoring
equipment
MONITORING:
tor paper,
blue
band tube,
M256/M256Al
kits,
toring
System
(DAMMS),
Automated
Continuous
=-CAM-Ml,
Hydrogen
Flame Photometric
Emission
'.ure
Chemical
Agent
Monitor
(MINICAM).
I
lab
animals,
a daily
clean
smock,
for
agent
HT is the M8/M9 detecbubbler,
Depot Area Air MoniAir Monitoring
System
(ACAMS),
Detector
(HYFED),
and the Minia-
___-_-----------------------------------------------------------------------
SECTION IX
_----------------------------------------------------------------------
- SPECIAL
PRECAUTIONS
PRECAUTIONS TO BE TAKEN IN HANDLING AND STORING:
During
handling,
the
"buddy"
(two-man)
system
will
be used.
Containers
should
be periodically
inspected
for
leaks,
either
visually
or
using
a
detector
kit,
and prior
to transferring
the containers
from storage
to
work
areas.
Stringent
control
over
all
personnel
handling
HT must
be exercised.
Chemical
showers,
eyewash
stations,
and personal
cleanliness
facilities
must
be provided.
Wash
hands
before
meals
and
each
worker
will
shower
thoroughly
with
special
attention
given
to hair,
face,
neck,
and hands,
using
plenty
of soap before
leaving
at the end of the workday.
No smoking,
eating,
or
drinking
is permitted
at the work site.
Decontamination
equipment
shall
be conveniently
located.
Exits
must be designed
to permit
rapid
evacuation.
HT should
be stored
in containers
made
of
glass
for Research
Development
Test
and Evaluation
(RDTE)
quantities
or one-ton
steel
containers
for large
quantities.
Agent
shall
be double-contained
in
liquid-tight
containers
when
in storage.
OTHER PRECAUTIONS:
See
AMC-R
Agents
H, HD, and HT,
GB and
No. 173,
"Occupational
Health
--Occupational
Exposure
to Mustard
lation.
385-131,
"Safety
Regulations
for
Chemical
VX,""
9 Ott 1987 and USAEHA Technical
Guide
Guidelines
for the Evaluation
and Control
of
Agents
H, HD, and HT,"
for additional
infor-
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
SECTION X - TRANSPORTATION
---____________-------------------------------------------------------------
DATA
PROPER SHIPPING
/I--3T
NAME:
Poisonous
HAZARD CLASSIFICATION:
DOT LABEL:
Poison
liquid,
Poison
n.o.s.
A
Gas
DOT MARKING:
Poisonous
liquid,
n.o.s.
(2-(2-chloroethylthis)-ethyl]
DOT PLACARD:
POISON
(Bis-(2-chloroethyl)
ether)
sulfide,
NA 1955
and Bis-
GAS
PRECAUTIONS
TO BE TAKEN
IN
TRANSPORTATION:
Motor
vehicles
will
be
placarded
regardless
of quantity.
Driver
shall
be given full
and complete
information
regarding
shipment
and conditions
in case of emergency.
AR SO-6
deals
specifically
with
the shipment
of chemical
agents.
Shipment
of
agents
will
be escorted
in accordance
with AR 740-32.
EMERGENCY ACCIDENT
VIII.
PRECAUTIONS
AND PROCEDURES:
See sections
IV,
VII,
and
While
the
Chemical
Research
Development
and Engineering
Center,
Department
of the Army believes
that
the
data
contained
herein
are
factual
and
the
opinions
expressed
are
those
of qualified
experts
regarding
the results
of the tests
conducted,
the data are not to
be
taken
as a warranty
or
representation
for which the Department
of the Army or
Chemical
Research
Development
and Engineering
Center
assumes
legal
I"‘?sponsibility.
They
are
offered
solely
for
consideration,
YOU
lvestigation,
and verification.
Any use of these data and information
must
i
de determined
by
the
user
'to
be
in
accordance
with
applicable
Federal,
State,
and local
laws and regulations.
r
-
Attachment
D
Baker Environmental,
Inc.
Safety Standard Operating Procedtires
ATTACHMENT
i-
BAKER
ENVIRONMENTAL,
STANDARD
OPERATING
SAFETY
TABLE
1.0
Confined
2.0
Respiratory
3.0
Care and Cleaning
4.0
Sanitation/Site
5.0
Safe Boat Operations
6.0
Drum Sampling
D
OF CONTENTS
Space Entry Program
Protection
Program
of Personal
Precautions
Procedures
Protective
Equipment
INC.
PROCEDURES
1.0 - CONFINED
1.1
SPACE
on the “Criteria
Document
issued by NIOSH.
contaminants,
Confined
natural
ventilation
and which is not intended
spaces include,
underground
an area should
consulted
utility
Level/Oxygen
HAZARD
1.4
space, appropriate
of ships, process
and exhaust ducts, sewers,
If there is a question
spaces.
as to whether
safety personnel
Hazardous
the use of Drager tubes and/or direct reading
Oxygen
and explosive
(LEL/O$
or not
should
be
levels
will
be monitored
substances
should
be
instruments
using
such as HNu or
a Lower
Explosive
meter.
CONTROL
and implement
the means, procedures,
and area cleaning
and practices by which the permit
should be considered
in addition
spaces can
to personal
equipment.
PERMIT
Complete
as a confined
air
employee occupancy.
vessels, boilers, ventilation
and pipelines.
openings for
or produce dangerous
to, storage tanks, compartments
each hazard of the permit
be entered safely. Ventilation
protective
vaults,
Spaces,”
IDENTIFICATION
through
OVA meters.
Establish
in Confined
based
prior to entry.
and evaluate
identified
for Working
which could contain
for continuous
but are not limited
be considered
HAZARD
Identify
Standard
program
A confined space refers to a space, which by design has limited
vessels, pits, silos, degreasers, reaction
tunnels,
in accordance with the following
for a Recommended
entry and exit, unfavorable
1.3
PROGRAM
INTRODUCTION
All confined space entries shall be performed
1.2
ENTRY
SYSTEM
the confined
space entry permit,
of entry and is valid for eight consecutive
as attached.
This form must be posted at the point
hours. After eight hours, or sooner if there is reason
to believe
that conditions
may have changed,
filled out. Forms must be returned
1.5
EMPLOYEE
to the on-site Health
present and that only authorized
EMPLOYEE
and a new form must be
and Safety Officer (HSO).
employees
as to what hazards
may
be
may enter.
TRAINING
entering
40-hour health
and safety training
training
spaces to notify
entrants
All employees
site-specific
readings
INFORMATION
Signs shall be posted near permit
1.6
additional
or directly
involved
in the confined
space activities
must complete
course in accordance with 29 CFR 1910.120.
must be conducted regarding
a
Additionally,
the hazards associated with each particular
entry.
1.7
EQUIPMENT
All equipment
must be inspected
necessary for safe entry.
be thoroughly
inspected
kept in the project file.
and maintained
Respirators
to ensure the proper use of the equipment,
and emergency
equipment,
prior to the confined space entry.
The equipment
shall
be adequately
lanyard,
harness, etc. must
Records of the inspection
decontaminated
shall be
following
each
entry.
1.6
RESCUE
Ensure that procedures
implemented
and equipment
and provided.
provides a list of requirements
necessary to rescue entrants
from permit
The buddy system shall be used for all entries.
with respect to each entry classification.
spaces are
The attached table
The following
items
describe the three confined space entry classifications.
I
CLASS A
l
l
l
l
Immediate
Danger to Life and Health (IDLHJ condition exists
Should only be entered under emergency conditions (Level A or B)
Efforts should be made to reduce IDLH levels such as ventilation,
cleaning,
IDLH conditions may include:
) Oxygen levels below 19.5% or greater than 25%
) LEL levels 20% or greater
etc.
II
CLASS B
l
l
l
III
Dangerous, but not
Levels of protection
Range of conditions:
F Oxygen from to
) LEL levels from
IDLH conditions
can range from C to A
19.5% to 21.5%
10% to 19%
CLASSC
l
l
l
Low Hazard Potential
Requires no modification
of work procedures
Range of conditions:
) Oxygen levels from 19.5% to 22%
) LEL levels less than 10%
X - Indicates
0 - Indicates
requirements
determination
CONFINED
SPACE
by the qualified
individual
ENTRY
0
0
CONFINED
SPACE ENTRY PERMIT
HAZARDOUS
AREA ENTRY PERMIT
;-.
JOCATION
of Confined
and DESCRIPTION
Space
PURPOSE
of Entry
Date
JOB/SITE
PERSON
Time
a.m./p.m.
Expiration
a.m./p.m.
in Charge of Work
I
TEST(S)
Valid for
*L.E.L.
= Lower Explosion
Atmosphere
Level
Tester:
Name (print)
Note:
Continuous/periodic
tests shall be established
contact the Site Health and Safety Officer.
Signature
before beginning
1.
I
authorizing
ALL
OF PERMIT
COPIES
all above conditions
WILL
REMAIN
AT JOB
to test requirements
Title
Safety Standby Person(s)
Supervisor
job. Any questions pertaining
specified
SITE
UNTIL
JOB
IS COMPLETED.
I
m
2.1
2.0 - RESPIRATORY
PROTECTION
PROGRAM
INTRODUCTION
In accordance
with OSHA requirements
Environmental,
Inc.% (Baker%)
protection
for its employees.
protective
equipment,
any potential
(29 CFR 1910.1341, this document
program
governing
It is Baker’s
training,
the selection
policy to provide
and medical
surveillance
employment.
have been established
effectiveness
This program
and implemented
of this program
its employees
with the proper
necessary to protect individuals
specifically
throughout
from
the course
describes the procedures
for the use of respiratory
shall be reevaluated
Baker
and use of respiratory
hazards which may be present during the tasks performed
of each individual’s
represents
on an annual
protection
which
equipment.
basis and appropriate
The
changes
shall be made if deemed necessary.
2.2
EMPLOYER
Baker
shall provide
and suitable
RESPONSIBILI’IY
its employees
the respiratory
for the purpose intended,
protection
when such equipment
equipment
which is appropriate
is necessary to protect the health
of the employee.
2.3
EMPLOYEE
The employee
and training
person.
RESPONSIBILlTY
shall use the respiratory
received,
The employee
and shall report
variety
of the equipment
to a responsible
will
who require corrective
inhalation
with instructions
Corrective
employees
The key elements
any malfunction
in accordance
lenses in atmospheres
is required.
HAZARD
provided
shall not wear contact
protection
2.4
protection
lens inserts
be provided,
where
at Baker’s
respiratory
expense,
for
lenses.
ASSESSMENT
of a respiratory
and ingestion
of environmental
protection
program
must start with an assessment
hazards present in the work area. Because Baker’s
and industrial
hygiene
studies,
it is not practical
of the
services involve
to identify
a
all
possible hazards to which all employees
Therefore,
it is essential
any activities
Health
After
could be exposed within
that a task specific assessment
on a given project.
the scope of this document.
be conducted prior to the initiation
of
This task specific assessment may be part of the site-specific
and Safety Plan.
a task-specific
concentrations
assessment
is completed
and it is determined
exceed or may exceed the recommended
controls should be implemented,
limits,
that airborne
engineering
and administrative
whenever feasible.
If the exposure cannot be reduced, or it is not feasible to reduce the airborne
the recommended
limits,
exposure
respirators
will be selected by the Site Health
exposure below
and Safety Officer on
the basis of:
0
Toxicity
0
Maximum
0
Oxygen Levels
0
Warning
0
Sorbent Limitations
l
Facepiece Fit
l
Mobility
l
Type of Use (routine,
l
Possibility
of Ingestion
l
Respirator
Attributes
2.5
Expected
properties
Concentration
of the substance(s) involved
Requirements
escape, or emergency
entry)
of Toxic Materials
TRAINING
Each respirator
explanations
wearer shall be given training,
and discussions
by a qualified
individual,
which will include
of:
0
Opportunity
to wear respiratory
l
Respirator
l
The respiratory
l
The reasons for selecting
l
The function,
l
The method of donning
l
The proper wearing
Fit Testing
protection
in an uncontaminated
environment.
(qualitative)
hazard(s) and what may occur if the respirator
capabilities,
a particular
type of respirator.
and limitations
the respirator
of the respirator.
is not used properly.
of the selected respirator.
and checking
its fit and operation.
l
Respirator
a
Recognizing
Respirator
training
will
and tit-testing
be conducted
situations.
on an annual
will be maintained
basis, at a minimum.
for a minimum
Records of the
of 30 years following
termination
of
OF RESPIRATORS
provides
employees
(Model 7600) air purifying
Apparatus
with
escape air cylinders
(Model
Baker will also keep, on-hand,
perform
MSHA)
provided
(Model
pressure 30-minute
pressure supplied
according
airline
to Title
7700)
respirators,
certified
Breathing
with B-minute
by the appropriate
30, Part II of the Code of Federal
As an alternate
air purifying
the MSA ultra twin full-face respirator.
respiratory
and full-face
Self-Contained
equipment
to Baker employees.
tasks requiring
or full-face respirator,
half-face
855001. Only respiratory
will be distributed
who regularly
Brand
positive
8001, positive
agencies (e.g., NIOSH,
Regulations,
the North
respirators,
(SCBAs) (Model
approval
emergency
for each employee.
TYPES
Baker
repair, and cleaning.
and handling
training
employment
2.6
maintenance,
protection
respirator,
All Baker
employees
will be issued their own half-face
the employee can achieve a proper tit and is medically
capable
of wearing the equipment.
Because 30-minute
air cylinders
SCBAs, positive pressure supplied airline
are used less frequently,
this equipment
respirators,
and 5-minute
will be distributed
escape
on an as-needed
basis.
2.7
AIR
QUALITY
Compressed
and liquid
air used for respiration
meet at least the requirements
Compressed
supplied
Gas Association
to respirators
shall be of high purity.
of the specification
Commodity
from cylinders
for Grade D breathing
Specification
or air compressors.
G-7.1-1966.
Breathing
air shall
air as described
Breathing
in
air may be
Oxygen must never be used with air
line respirators.
Air cylinders
Specification
couplings
servicing
shall
be tested
Regulations
shall
and maintained
of the Department
be incompatible
of air line respirators
with outlets
as prescribed
of Transportation
in the Shipping
(49 CFR Part
for other gas systems to prevent
with nonrespirable
gases or oxygen.
Container
178). Air line
inadvertent
Breathing
gas containers
Method
of marking
248.1-1954;
shall be marked
Portable
Federal
Specification
Purposes;
or Interim
Apparatus,
Self-Contained.
2.8
Federal
CLEANING
Respirator
provided
BB-A-1034a,
equipment
personnel.
Respiratory
April
Contained,
for Breathing
27, 1965,
Breathing
by each trained
individual
on a regular
basis. The
shall be cleaned/sanitized,
wearer is
condition.
that is used on an as-needed basis shall be maintained
then rinsed
by qualified
and air-dried,
after each
shall be conducted before and after each use.
equipment
and air-dried
that has been issued to an employee
by the wearer on a schedule
which ensures that it will be maintained
shall be conducted
on a regular
(specified
shall be cleaned/sanitized
by OSHA
in clean and good operating
basis during
usage and prior
then
in 29 CFR 1910.134)
condition.
Inspections
to each project
requiring
the
usage of the equipment.
All respirators
protect
them
chemicals.
shall be stored in a plastic bag within
against
requiring
dust, sunlight,
heat, extreme
They shall be stored to prevent distortion
Parts replacement
and repairs shall be performed
repairs
shall be reported
forms are included
to appropriate
a cool/dry location,
in a manner
cold, excessive moisture,
or damaging
of rubber or other elastomer
only by appropriate
Baker personnel.
parts.
personnel.
Examples
that will
Equipment
of inspection
at the end of this text.
FIT-TESTING
Each respirator
wearer shall be provided
with a respirator
to mask seal. Each wearer shall be fit-tested
irritant
Standard
the Material
Air, Compressed
GG-B-00675b,
that is clean and in good operating
This equipment
use. Inspections
2.9
June 21,1968,
Specification
will be performed
with a respirator
potential
to Identify
National
shall be carried out on a schedule which ensures that each respirator
Respiratory
rinsed
Gas Containers
American
AND MAINTENANCE
maintenance
maintenance
Compressed
in accordance with
that can properly
prior to issuance of the respirator
smoke or odorous vapor, or other suitable
test agent.
Retesting
form a secure face
using either an
shall be performed,
at
a minimum,
on an annual
was previously
qualitatively
fit-tested
basis or if a different
for, is to be used by the wearer.
will be assigned a protection
Facial hair, which interferes
respirator
wearer shall be required
MEDICAL
to check the seal of the respirator
a harmful
fit-tested
by negative
Each
and positive
SURVEILLANCE
a medical
surveillance
program
but may not be limited
medical
respirators
atmosphere.
who are or may be assigned to tasks requiring
company’s
Air purifying
effective face to mask seal, is prohibited.
Personnel
include,
other than the model he/she
factor of 10 (APF = 10).
with the normally
pressure checks prior to entering
2.10
model respirator,
physician
use of respirators
on an annual
basis. The medical
to, a physical
and a pulmonary
and at the expense of the company.
surveillance
program
is included
surveillance
function
Test parameters
as Attachment
shall participate
program
shall
test conducted
included
A in each site-specific
in
by the
in Baker’s
Health
and
equipment,
will
Safety Plan.
2.11
LIMITATIONS
Wearing
any respirator,
alone or in conjunction
impose some physiological
stress on the wearer.
devices will be based on the breathing
amount
of protection
Additional
requirements
needed
concerns regarding
Therefore,
resistance,
weight
as well as the individual’s
the limitations
for heat stress/strain
Heat Stress section.
with other types of protective
of different
selection
of respiratory
of the respirator,
tolerance
protective
the type and
of the given
device.
types of PPE and the monitoring
will be addressed in the Health
and Safety Plan under the
I,,
‘r
‘I,
SCBA
Tn=
(SCBA or SAR)
Cylinder
Condition
(Damaged
Undamaged)
AND
SAR (WITH
Facepiece
and Hoses
or
Cylinder
(Full
or MT)
(Damaged
Undamaged)
or
&MINUTE
Connections
(Damaged
Undamaged)
or
ESCAPE
TANK)
Apparatus
Complete
Cleaned
and
Sanitized
(YeaNo)
(Yes/No)
DAILY
INSPECTION
FORM
Remarks
Inspected
BY
(Initials)
Date
Inspected
)
‘)..’
FULL-FACE
FACE
Inspection
Date
X=NotOK
No Cracks,
Tears, or
Holes
HEADSTRAPS
HEADBANDS
PIECE
Tse
Clean and
Sanitized
=OK
AND HALF-FACE
RESPIRATOR
INSPECTION
FORM
Proper Shape
and
Flexibility
Air Purifying
Element
Holders
Operate
Correctly
Proper
Storage
Free From
Heat, Dirt,
Sunlight, etc.
No Signs of
Wear or
Tears
OR
Buckles
Function
Properly
RESPIRATOR
No Foreign
Material
Under
Valve Seat
INTERIOR
No Cracks or
Tears in
Valves or
Valve Bodies
Valve Covers
and Bodies in
Good Conditibr:
and Installed
Correctly
3.0 - CARE AND CLEANING
OF PERSONAL
PROTECTIVE
EQUIPMENT
INTRODUCTION
3.1
The following
procedures
equipment.
inclusive.
Note:
cover the care and cleaning
These are general
Procedures
procedures
of Levels D, C, and B personal protective
that apply to most situations
are subject to change at the direction
and are not all
of the Site Health
and Safety
Officer (SHSO).
3.2
EQUIPMENT
3.2.1
Chemical
CARE
Resistant
Before donning,
l
Suit (Levels C and B)
inspect suit for holes or tears; check to see that zippers are operable;
and look for signs of suit degradation.
When wearing,
l
avoid contact with contaminated
sharp objects that can tear suit; periodically
material
where possible; be aware of
look over suit to check for major rips or
tears.
While
l
decontaminating,
material
remove gross excess of material
does not contact
inner
suit; place clothing
from suit; remove suit so that
in properly
labeled
disposal
containers.
3.2.2
Inner/Outer
l
Look for rips,
direction
3.2.3
Gloves
according
tears, or degradation
Resistant
Nondisposable
Disposable
D through
B)
of material.
Replace
as necessary
or at the
of the SHSO.
Chemically
l
(Levels
Boots (Levels C and B)
boots are to be examined
boots should be examined
to site procedures.
on a daily
prior to donning
basis before
and after use.
and while in use. Dispose of
3.2.4
Safety Shoes/Boots
Examine
l
(Levels
D through
B)
daily for gauges, open seams, etc., anything
that would lessen the integrity
of
the boot. Replace as shoe/boot becomes worn.
3.2.6
Hard
l
3.2.6
Hats (Levels
Should be visually
D through
inspected before donning for fit, cracks, and overall condition.
Safety Glasses/Goggles
l
Should be visually
condition.
B)
(Levels
D and Cl
inspected before donning
for cracks, deteriorated
parts, and overall
Replace as necessary.
3.2.7
Respirators
l
Procedures
(Levels
C and B)
for care of respiratory
protective
equipment
are covered in Attachment
D-
Baker SOPS.
3.2.8
Hearing
Protection
l
Disposable
l
Reusable
3.3
D through
- Replace daily, or as material
procedures
for cleaning
is covered under Attachment
Gross Physical
Large amounts
disposable
wipe.
becomes worn or dirty.
replace parts as necessary.
CLEANING
of equipment
addressed by the SHSO prior to and during
3.3.1
B)
- Inspect before use, clean regularly,
EQUIPMENT
General
(Levels
D -Baker
are listed below. Site-specific
site activities.
Cleaning
concerns will be
of respiratory
equipment
SOPS.
Removal
of contaminated
soil is scraped off with a tongue depressor, or wiped off using a
3.3.2
Physical/Chemical
The residual
contamination
nonphosphate
detergent
3.3.3
Removal
will be scrubbed with a soft-bristled,
long-handled
brush using a
solution.
Rinsing/Dilution
The detergent
pressurized
solution
sprayer.
and residual
contaminants
will be rinsed
with tap water using a
4.0 - SANITATION/SITE
PRECAUTIONS
SANITATION
4.1
l
A supply of clearly marked
l
Single service disposal cups.
l
Outlets
for non-potable
Cross-contamination
l
l
water,
clearly
marked,
closed, and equipped
for fire fighting,
with a tap.
or other purposes.
of the potable supply shall be prevented.
One toilet
facility
depending
on local code requirements.
which
A place for food handling
to such facilities
l
potable water, tightly
is either
meeting
will be provided
chemical,
all applicable
recirculating,
laws, otherwise,
(i.e., nearby restaurants,
Clean wash water will be available
combustion,
suitable
or flush,
alternatives
food wagons, etc.).
in the decontamination
zone and the Baker
Site
Trailer.
4.2
SITE
PRECAUTIONS
Eating,
drinking,
probability
of hand-to-mouth
area designated
Smoking
chewing gum or tobacco, smoking,
transfer
will not be allowed in areas where flammable
decontamination
body should be thoroughly
removed.
of material,
is prohibited
materials
are present.
in any
as contaminated.
Hands and face must be thoroughly
Whenever
and ingestion
or any practice that increases the
washed upon leaving the work area.
procedures
for outer garments
are in effect, the entire
washed as soon as possible after the protective
garment
is
c- \
No contaminated
work garments
Contact lenses are not permitted
to be worn on site.
No facial
with a satisfactory
hair which interferes
allowed on personnel
Contact
Wherever
required
with contaminated
tit of the mask-to-face
or potentially
contaminated
puddles,
surfaces should
leachate,
discolored
on ground, lean, sit or place equipment
on drums/containers.
Medicine
the effects from exposure
and alcohol
qualified
can potentiate
drugs should not be taken by personnel
inhalation,
or ingestion
physician.
after-hour
of toxic substances
Alcoholic
seal, is
to wear respirators.
possible, do not walk through
Prescribed
--
are to be worn off site.
beverage intake
surfaces, kneel
to toxic chemicals.
where the potential
for absorption,
exist unless specifically
should be minimized
be avoided.
approved
by a
or avoided during
operations.
Alcoholic
beverages are prohibited
on site.
Personal
radios, TVs, and tape players are prohibited
Firearms
are prohibited
on site.
on site.
All personnel
will observe any posted sign, warning,
contaminated
areas.
fence, or barrier
posted around
5.0-SAFEBOATOPERATIONS
OBJECTIVE
5.1
To provide safe operating
5.2
procedures while performing
sampling
activities
from a boat.
EQUIPMENT
Refer to Attachment
A, “Federal
Requirements
for Recreational
Boats,” for a list of required
equipment.
5.3
PRELIMINARY
ACTIVITIES
Ensure that requirements
governing
of Transportation,
States Coast Guard (Attachment
United
the safe operation
of a boat, published
by the Department
A) are reviewed prior to placing
the boat in the water.
5.4
OPERATING
Operate
the boat according
Regulations
5.5
US.
(Attachment
to the Department
of Transportation,
United
States Coast Guard
A), where applicable.
REFERENCES
Department
Recreational
*
PROCEDURE
of Transportation,
Boats. United
United
States Coast Guard.
States Coast Guard, Washington,
Federal
Reauirements
for
D. C. 20593.*
It is recognized that these requirements
are directed towards recreational
boating, but
Baker Environmental,
Inc. believes that the topics of discussion included in this reference
are applicable to the size of boat, and activities to be performed during environmental
sampling.
ATTACHMENT
Federal Requirements
for Recreational Bouts
rF-3E SAFE ON THE WATER
---
KNOW..
.
cl
The stability and handling of the boat you are
using.
0
How to use the equipment oa the boat.
a
The walers you will be usiag. tides, cuxxnts,
bars, and ocher llazads.
0
The weather condi~ciorls.
0
The safety devices aad emergency equipeat
Make sure lha Iife jacketi fit propedy.
0
The navigation rules and observe the cou&sies
safe boating.
0
Your personal limitations and nsponsiiities.
l3xpw-e
to sun, wind, cold waler, all
affect your abiity to react
0
Th-4 it is illegal to operate a vessel while into&
cad
If you add alcohol or drugs Co boating, the
results can be fatal.
. . . BEFORE
::
A
sand
YOU GO!
of
FLOAT
PLAN
Complete this page, before going boating and leave it
with P reliable person who can be depended
upon to
notify the Coast Guard or other rescue organization,
should you not return as scheduled.
Do not file this
plan with the Coast Guard.
1. NAMEOF
NUMBER.
PERSON
2. DESCRIPTION
COLOR
TION NO.
REPORTING
OF BOAT.
TRIM
ANDTELEPHONE
To insure compliance
with State boating laws,
contact your State boating safety agency.
TYPE
RECImLENGTH
NAME
MAKE
OTHER
3.
REGISTRATlON
AND
NUMBERING
REQUIREMENTS
INFO.
PERSONS
ABOARD
NAME
AGE
ADDRESS
& TELEPHONE
NO.
4. DOANYOFTHEPERSONSABOARDHAVEAMEDlCAL
l’ROBLEM?
IF so, WIiAl7
5. ENGINETYPE
NO. OF ENGlNES
6.
SURVIVAL
H.P.
EQUll’wc:
7. RADIO
(CHECK
-FLARES
SIGNALS
PADDLES
ANCHOR
OR DINGHY
RAFT
Allundocumentedvessekquipped
withpropulsion machinery must be registered in the State of
primipal use A certifkte
of number will be issu4
upon registering the vesseL These numbers must be
displayed on your vesset Some States require all
vessels tobenumbered,checkwith
yourStateboating
authority for numbering
requifemeneS.
FUELCAPACITY
PFUS
SMOKE
mOTHERS
This pamphlet contains the Federal equipment
requirements
for rweationat vessels. The
owner/operator
may be required to comply with
additionalreguIationsspkfictotheStateinwhichthe
vessel is rq$sted
or operated. State laws vary. A
vessel in compliance with the laws of the State of
registration,
may not meet the requirements of another State where it may be operating.
caniage
YES/NO
AS APPROPRIATD
MIRROR
FLASHLlGIlT
WATER
A document4 vessel is not exempt from applicablestateor Federal taxes, nor is its operator exempt
from compliance with Federal or State equipment
cmiagerequirements
EPIRB
DISPLAY
TYPE
OF NUMBER
FREQS.
8. TRIP EXPECTATfONS:
FKOM
EXPECI-TOREKJ
NO EVENT LATERTHAN
9.
ANY
OTHER
PERTINENT
LEAVE
AT
GOING
Numbers must be painted or permanently attached to each side of the forward half of the vessel.
The Coast Guard and many States issue two validationstickers. Theymustbeaffiiedwithinsixinchesof
the registration number. No other letters or numbers
may be displayed nearby.
TO
INFO.
10. AUTOMOBILE
LICENSE
TYPE
TRAILER
COLOR
AND MAKE
OF AUTO
LJCENSE
sticker
WltEKE PARMU
11. IFNOTREIURNEDBY
CALLTIIECOASTGWARD,OR
AUTHORl-lYI
12. TELEPHONE
NUMBERS
3
2
,f-
. .$‘I
..
-...
.,.
CERTIFICATE
Law Enforcement (continued)
OF NUMBER
Theowner/operatorofavesselmustcarryavalid
certificate of number whenever
the vessel is in use
When a vessel is moved to a newstateof
principaluse,
the certificate of number is valid for 60 days.
TheCoast
Guard
issues thecertificate
TheCoastGuardmay~seacivilpenahyupto
$l,ooO for failure to: comply with numbering require
menk; amply with equipment mquiremenk; report
a boating accident; or comply with other Federal
regulations. Failure tocomplywith
theunified Inland
Rules of the Road (Inland Navigation Rules Act of
1980) can result in a civil penalty Up to $5,000.
of numbers
in Alaska.
NOTIFICATION
OF CHANGES
Improper use of a mdiotelephone is a criminal
offense. The use of obscene, indecent or profane
language during radio communications is punishable
by a $10,000 fine, imprisonment for two years or both.
Other penalties exist for misuse of a radio, such as
improper use of Channel 16 VI-WFU
The owner of a vessel must notify the agency
which issued thecertificateof numberswithin 15days
if:
l
l
The vessel is transferred, destroyed, abandoned, lost, stolen or recovered.
Channel 16 is a calling and distress channel. It is
not to be used for conversation or radio checks. Such
trafficshould be conducted on an authorized working
charmeL
The certificate of number is lost, destroyed
or the owner’s address changes.
If the certificate of number becomes invalid for
any reason, it must be surrendered
in the manner
prescribed by the issuing authority within 15 days
A VESSEL WHILE
INTOXIbecame a specific federal offense effective
OPERATING
CATED
January 13, 1988. The final rule set standards for
-determining when an individual is intoxicated. The
BAC is .lO% (.08% in Utah) for operators of recreational vessels being used only for pleasure Violators
are subJect to civil penalty not to exceed $1,000 or
aiminalpenaltynot
toexeed$5,000,1 yearimprisonment or both
LAW ENFORCJMENT
A vessel underway, when hailed by a Coast
Guard vessel is required to heave to, or maneuver in
such a manner that permits a boarding officer to come
aboard.
Other Federal, State and local law enforcement
officials may board and examineyourvessel,whether
it is numbered, unnumbered or docume nted. Coast
Guard law enforcement personnel may also be found
aboard other vessels.
NEGLIGENT or GROSSLY NEGLIGENT OPERATlON of a vessel which endangers lives and
property is prohibited by law. The Coast Guard may
impose a civil penalty for negligent operation.
GROSSLY NEGLIGENT OPERATION is a criminal
offense and an operator may be fined up to $5,000,
imprisoned for one year, or both Some examples of
actions that may constitute negligent or grossly negligent operation arc
0 Operating a boat in a swimming area.
l Operating a boat while under the influence
of alcohol or drugs
l Excessive speed in the vicinity
of other boats
or in dangerous waters.
l
Hazardous water skiing practices.
l Bowriding,
also riding on seatbaa gunwale
or transom.
4
-.
#=--
-_______--
---_- -. ..-- --
TERMINATION
OF USE
PERSONAL
A Coast Guard boarding offiLzr who observes a
boat being operated in an UNSAFE
CONJNTION,
spxifically
defined by law or regulation, and who
detern\in&
that
an -ESPECIALLY
HAZARDOUS
CONDlTION
exists, may direct the operator to take
inlmcdiate steps to correct the condition, including
returning to port. Termination
of unsafe use may be
imposed for:
a Insufficient
Personal
number
Flotation
Insufficient
l
Overloading
beyond manufacturers
recommended
safe loading capacity.
l
Improper
l
Fuel leakage.
l
Fuel in biIges.
l
Improper
ventilation.
l
Improper
backfire
l
Operating in regulated boating areas during
predetemtined
adverse conditions.
(Applies in 13th CG District Only).
l
Manifestly
fire extinguishers.
navigation
(PFDS)
Boats lessthan 16 feet in length (including canoes
and kayaks of any length) must beequipped with one
TypeIII,III,NorVPm)foreachpersonaboard.
light display.
Boats 16 feet and longer mu9 be equipped with
oneTypel,lI,IllorVforeachpexsonaboardPLUSone
Type Iv.
Federal law does not require PFDS on racing
shells, rowing skulls and racing kayaks; State laws
flame controL
-‘Y.
TYPES OF PFDS
unsafe voyage.
A TYPE I PFD, or OFF-SHORE LIFE JACKET
provides Che most buoyancy. It is effective for all
waters, especially open, rough or remote waters
where rescue may be delayed. It is designed to turn
mostunconscious wearersinthewatertoaface-upposition. The Type I comes in two sizes. The adult size
provides at Ieast 22 pounds buoyancy, thechiid siz.e,
11 pounds, minimum
An operator who refuses to terminate the unsafe
use of a vessel can be cited for failure to comply with
the directions of a Coast Guard boarding officer, as
well as for thespecific violations which were the basis
for the termination order. Violators may be fined not
n\orethan$1000orimprison~
not morethanoneyear
or both.
COAST
DEVICES
PFDs must be Coast Guard Approved, in good
and serviceable condition, and of appropriate size for
the intended user. Wearable PFDs must be readily
accessible, meaning you must be able to put them on
in a reasonabIeamount oftimein an emergency (vessel
sinking, on fire, etc). They should not be stowed in
plastic bags, in locked or closed compartments or have
othergearstowedon
topof them. Thrownbledevices
must be immediately availabIe for use. Though not
required, a PFD should be worn at all times when the
vessel is underway. A wearable PFD can save your
life, but only if you we= it.
of CC Approved
Devices (PFDs).
l
FLOTATION
GUARD APPROVED
EQUIPMENT
TheCoast Guard sets minimumsafety
standards
for vessels and associated equipment.
To meet these
standards
various equipment
must be Coast Guard
approved.
“Coast Guard Approved
Equipment”
has
been determined
to be in compliance
with USCG
specifications
and regulations
relating to performaxe, construction
or materials.
6
f
Off-shore Wcjdcet
7
I
Types of PPDs (continued)
Typca of PPDs (continued)
A TYPE
1.
..
rv PFD, or &OWABLE
i
cm
,Z..
I
Buoyant
Vat
A TYPE II PI+, or NEAR-SHORE
BUOYANT
VEST is intended for calm, inland water or where
there is a good chance of quick rescue This type will
turn SOME unconscious wearers to a face-up position
in the water. The t uming action is not as pronoun&
and it will not turn as many persons under the same
conditions as a Type L An adult size device provides
at IcasC 15 l/2 pounds buoyancy, a medium child size
provides 1 I pounds. Infant and small child sizes each
provide at least 7 pounds buoyancy.
Throwable
I
i. .,
A ?WE
1;
Flotation
V HYBRID
INFLATABLE
PFD is the
least bulky of aN?FD types. It contains asmallamount
of inherent buoyancy, and an inflatable chamber. Its
performanceisequaItoaTypeI,D[,ormFFD(asnoted
on the PFD label) when inflated. Hybrid PFDs must be
worn when underway to be acceptable.
Aid
,I
I
r
..
‘:
.
_,
Dcria
A TYPE V PFD, or SPECIAL USE DEVICE is
intended for specific activities and may be carried
instead of another PFD only if used according to the
approval conditions on the label. Some Type V devices provide significant
hypothermia
protection
Varietiesindudedecksuits,workvests,boardsailing
vests and Hybrid PFDs.
/
I
:.-y
is
:
New-Shore
._.
DEVICE
intended for calm, inland water with heavy boat
traffic, where help is always present. It is designed to
be thrown to a person in the water and grasped and
held by the user until rescued. It is not designed to be
worn. TypIVdevicesincludebuoyantcushions,ring
buoys and horseshoe buoys.
ATYPEIJIPFD,orFLOTATIONAIDisgoodfor
:ahn, inland water, or where thereis agood chanceof
quick rescue. It is designed so wearers can place
ihemselves in a faceup position in the water. The
wearer may have to tilt head back to avoid turning
kc-down
in Che water. The Type III has the same
lninimum buoyancy as a Type II PFD. It comes in
many styles, colors andsizes and is generally the most
xxnfortable type for continuous wear. Float mats,
Fishingvests and vestsdesigned with featuressuitable
for various sports activities are examples of this type
PPD.
--...
-
l__l______.
--___
_..
WATER
SKIING
USCG Approved Pyrotechnic Visual Distress
and Associated Devices include:
Signals
A waterskier,
whilebeing
towed, isconsideredon
board the vesseI and a PFD is required for the purposes of compliance with the PJ?D carziage require
ments. Although
not requbed by Federal law it is
advisable and recommended
for a skier to wear a PFD
designed and intended to withstand
the impact off
hitting the water at high speed as when a skier falls.
“Impact Class” marking refers to PFD strength, not
personal protection. SomeState laws requireskiers
to
wear a PFD.
a Pyrotechnic red flares, hand-held or aerial.
l
Pyrotechnic orange smoke, hand-held or
floating.
l
Launchers for aerial red meteors or
parachute flares.
NON-PYROTECHNIC
VISUAL DISTRESS SICNALS must be in serviceablecondition, readily accessible and certified by the manufacturer as complying
with USCG requirements, they include:
l
VISUAL
DISTRESS
SIGNALS
AI1 vessels, used on coastal waters,
the Great
Lakes, territorial
seas and those waters connected
directly to them, up to a point where a body of water
is less than two miles wide, must be equipped with
visual distress signals. Vessels owned in the United
States operating on the high seas must be equipped
with visual distress signals. The following
vessels are
not required Cocarrydaysignals but mustcarrynight
signals when operating from sunset to sunrise:
l
/
l
Recreational boats less than 16 feet in leng&.
..
Boats participating in [email protected]
e’vents such
as races, regattas or marine parades.
less than 26 feet in length not
equipped with propulsion machinery.
l
Open
sailboats
l
Manually
prop&xl
PYROTECHNIC
boats.
VISUAL
DISTRESS SIGNAIS
in serviceablecondition and readily accessible. They are marked with a
date showing the service life, which must not be
expired. Launchers manufactured before January 1,
1981, intended for use with approved signals, are not
required to be Coast Guard Approved. If pyrotechnic
dcvicesareselected,aminimumof
threearerequired.
That is three signals for day use and three signals for
night. Some pyrotechnic signals meet both day and
night use requirements. Pyrotechnic devices should
be stored in a cool, dry location. A watertight container painted red or orange and prominently
marked
“DISI‘RESS SIGNALS” is recommended.
must beCoast Guard Approved,
10
i-..
l
Orange distress flag
Electric distress tight
Thedistressflagisadaysignalonly.
Itmustbeat
least3x3feetwithablacksquareandballonanorange
background. It is most distinctive when attached and
waved onapaddleorboathookorflownfromamast
The elect&distress light is accepted for night use
only and must automatically flash the international
SOS distress signal c.*--*+
Thii is an unmistakable
distresssignaL Astandardflashlight
isnotacceptable
as a visual distress signal.
Under Inland Navigation Rules, a high intensity
white tight flashing at regular intervals from SO-70
times per minute is considered a distress signal.
Strobe lights us& in inland waters shall only be used
as a distress signaL
Regulations prohibit display of visual distress
signaIs on the water under any circumstances except
when assistance is req+nzi to prevent immediate or
potential danger to persons on board a vessel.
All distress signals have distinct advantages and
disadvantages, no single device is ideal under all
conditions or suitable for all purposes. Pyrotechnics
are excellent distress signals, universally recognized.
However, there is potential for injury and property
damage if not properly handled. These devices produceavery hotfIame,theresiduecancause
bumsand
ignite flammable material. Pistol launched and handheld parachute flares and meteors have many characteristics of a firearm and must be handIed with caution.
11
FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
Approved
extinguishers
are classified by a letter
and nun&ersymbol.
The letter indicates the type fire
the unit is designed to extinguish (Type B designed to
extinguish flammableliquidssuchasgasoline,oiIand
grease fires). The numberindicates
therelativesizeof
the extinguisher
(minimum
extinguishing
agent
weight).
Approved
extinguishers
ther B-l or B-ll classification
characterist its:
F0a1n
(GA4
1.25
B-l
B-Ll
25
are hand-portable,
eiand have the following
co,
0
4
15
Fire extinguishers
are required
of the following
conditions exist:
l Inboard
w
Chemical
{LBS)
2
Hnlon
ILBS)
2.5
10
10
*Closed
compartments
under thwarts and seats
where portable fuel tanks may be stored.
*Double
bottoms not sealed to the hull or
which are not completely filled with
flotation materials.
l Closed living spaces.
l Closed stowage
compartments
in which ctxnbustible or flammable materials are stored.
0 Pemlanently
installed fuel tanks. Fuel tanks
secured so they cannot be moved in case of
fire or other emergency are considered
per
ca
manently instalhxl. There are no gaIlon
pacity limits to determine if a fueI tank is
portable. If the weight of a fuel tank is such
that persons on board cannot move it, the
Coast Guard considers it permanently
installed.
l
/---.
.
Check extinguishers
regularly
a.re free and nozzles are clear.
Minimum
number
g&hers
required:
to ensure
of hand portable
VESSEL
LENGTH
NO FIXED
ZtXSEM
Less than 26
26tolessthan40’
40’ to 65
1 B-I
2EIorlEII
3BIorlEII
and1E1
gauges
fire atin-
WITH
APPROVED
FIXED
SYSTEM
0
1 B-I
2B-IorlB-II
if any one or more
engines.
12
Dtychemicalfireextin~ishe~withoutgaugesoor
indicating devices must be inspected every 6 months.
If the gross weight of a carbon dioxide (CO3 extinguisher is reduced by more than 10% of thenet weight,
the extinguisher
is not acceptable and must be recharged.
Coast
identified
“Marine
162208/
Guard Approved
extinguishers
are
by the foIlowing
marking on the label:
Type USCG Approved,
Size.. ., Type..
. ../“.etc
.,
BACKFLRE
FLAME
CONTROL
POWERED VENTILATION
Gasoline engines installed in a vessel after April
25,1940, excepl outboard motors, must be equipped
with an acceptable means of backfire flame control
he device must besuitably
attached to the air intake
with a flametight connection and is required to be
Coast Guard approved.
Vessels built after JuIy31,1980 that have gasoline
engines, with a cranking motor (starter), for electrical
generation, mechanical power or propulsion in a
closed compartment are required to have a powered
ventilation
system. nlis includes each compartment
with such an engine.
I’
I
No person may operatea vessel built after JuIy31,
1980 with a gasoline engine in a closed compartment
unless it is equipped with an operable ventilation
system that meetsCoastGuardstandards.
Theoperator is required to keep the system in operating condition and ensure cowls and ducting are not blocked or
tom.
SOUND SIGNALLING
REQUIRED
NONAPPROVED
EQUIPMENT
NATUIML
VENTILATION
All vessels with prop&ion
machinery that use
gasoline for fuel, with enclosed engine and/or fueI
tank compartments built after April 25, 1940 and
before August I, I980 are required to have natural
ventilation.
Natural ventilation consists of at least two ventilation ducts fitted with cowls or their equivaIent for
the purpose of efficiently ventilating the bilges of
every engineal1.d fuel tankcompartment. At Ieastone
exhaust duct extending to the lower portion of the
bilge and at least one intake duct extending to a point
midway to the bilge or at least below the level of the
carburetor air intake is required.
Vessels built after July 31, 1978, but prior to
August 1,1980, have no requirement forventiilationof
the fuel tank compartment if there is no electrical
source in the compartment and the tank vents to the
outside of the vessel.
14
- - - ___---
DEVICES
Regulationsdonotsp&ficallyrequirevesseIsless
than 12 meters to caq a whistle, horn ?r bell. Hdwever, the navigation rules require sound signals to be
madeundercertaincircumstances.
Meeting,crossing
and overtaking situations described in Navigation
Rules section are exampIes of when sound signals are
required. Recreational vessels are also required to
sound fogsignalsduringperiodsofreducedvisibility.
Therefore, you must have some means of making an
efficient sound signal.
Vessels 12 meters or more in length are required
to carry on board a power whistle or power horn and
a bell.
:i
I
I
i.:.
I!
:. ‘...::
! .:%..
__
1
.f1
@es
:‘---’
:.: .:j i.
RULES
NAVIGATION
NAVIGATION
Recreational vessels are required to display navigation lights between sunset and sunrise and other
periods of reduced visibility (fog rain, hazeetc). The
U. S. Coast Guard Navigation Rules, IntemationaI Inland encompasses lighting requirements for every
description of watercraft. The information provideJ
here is intended for power-driven and sailing vessels
less than 20 meters.
Navigation Rules establish actions tobe taken
by vessels to avoid collision.
The vessel operator is
responsible
for knowing
and following
applicable
navigationrules.
Thefollowil~gdiagran~ddescribethe
whistle signals and actions to be taken by recreational
vessels in a crossing, meeting and overtaking
situation. These are basic examples, for further information consuIt the NAVIGATION
RULES International
- inland (COMDTlNST
M16672.2A).
The
F
POWER DRIVEN
FlgUN
5,
@
Givmayvasse
.djhmy
.*-cl+-way
_.:
..:
_.:
2
LIGHTS
VESSELS
i
1
1SblSbsl
(1 -3
Q
\
StXdXtVd
. ..hdd
..hsd -
md s(.?eed
Erki
speed
Mei?tingHil%xmnorNealiyso
Power-driven vessels of less than 20 meters, shall
exhibit navigation lights asshown in Figure 1. Vessels
of less than 12 meters in length, may show the lights
ineitherFiirelorFigure2
.
Power-driven vessels of lessthan 7meters whose
maximumspeedcannotexceed7knotsmayexhibitan
a&round white light, and if practicable sidelights
instead of the lights prescribed above, in Intemational Waters only.
clzD--+
1shMBbd(lsfc)
Overtaking
(1-1
Situations
t
7
2shwlf3kts
(1 -1
*
Q
Sailing vessels operating under machinery, or
under sail and machinery are considered powerdriven and must display the Lights prescribed for a
power-driven vessel.
1!3UXt&tSf
(1 -1
c)tzzl
-
Q
c
SAILING
VESSELS AND VESSELS UNDER
OARS
Sailing vessels lessthan20meters exhibit navigationlightsshowninFigures3or4ormaybecombin~
in a single lantern carried at the top of the mast as
shown in Figure 5.
International Rules apply outside established
lines of demarca tion and h&u~d Rules apply inside the
lines. Demarcation lines are printed on most navigational charts and are published in the Navigation
Rules.
Sailing vessels less than 7 meters may carry an
electric torch or lighted lantern showing a white tight
17
16
. _. _.-.
g=--
F”
_.
-
-______ ----- ----------
- .- --. __
: .
Sailing
Veascls
and
Vessels
Under
Oars
-
1
(continued)
Vessels under sail also king prop&xl
by machi!
cry, must exhibit forward,
where it can best be seen,
conical shape, apex down (See Figure 7). Vessels le
than 12 meters are nol Required to exhibit the dayshal
in Inland Waters.
!
!
1
DIVING
OPERATIONS
The Navigational
Rules require vessels restrided i
ability to maneuver to display appropriate
day shap
To meet this requirement,
recreational vessels engage
in diving
activities may exhibit a rigid replica of tl
international
code flag “A” not less than one meter i
height (See Figure 8).
This requirement
does not affect the use of there
andwhitedive~sflagwhichrnayberequiredbyStatec
local law to mark the diver’s Iocation under water. Th
“A” flag is a navigation signal advertising
the vessel
restricted maneuverabiity.
It does not pertain to th
diver.
e
ie
i
to be displayed in sufficient time to prevent collision
(see Figure 6), if practicable, the lights prescribed for
sailing vessels less than 20 meters should be dispIayed.
Vessels under ou5 may display the
scribed forsailing
vessels, but if not, must
at hand an electric torch or lighted lantern
white light to be shown in sufficient
time
collision (see Wgure 6).
LIGHTS
FOR ANCHORED
I
DAY
I
REQUIREDBETWEEN
SHAPJZS
SUNRISE
AND
SUNSET
lights pre
have ready
showing a
to prevent
VESSELS
Power-driven
vessels and sailing vessels at anchor must display anchor lights. An anchor light for
a vessel less than 20 meters in Iength is an all-round
white light visible for 2 miles exhibited where it can
best be seen.
The operator of each self-propelled
vessel 12
metersormoreinlengthisrequired
tocaqonboard,
and maintain for ready reference, acopy of the Inland
Navigation
Rules while operating on Inland waters,
subject to a penalty for failure to comply of not more
than $S,UOO. Copies of the rules may be obtained from
the Superintendent
of Documents,
U. S. Government
Printing Office, Washington,
D. C. 20402 (tel: (202)
783-3238). Stock number 050-012-00205-3, $6.00 each.
Vessels less than 7 meters are not required to
display anchor lights unless anchored in or near a
narrow channel, fairway or anchorage or where other
vessels normally navigate.
Anchorlights
arenot recpiredonvesselskss
than
20 meters, anchored in special anchorages designated
by the Secretary of Transportation
in Inland Waters.
18
19
,.
---
-
-_I______L_____._____
-_
POLLUTION
Marine Sanitation Devices
REGULATIONS
I
Allrecreationalboatswithinstalled
toilet facilities
must have an operable marine sanitation device
(h4SD) on board. Vessels 65 feet and under may use a
Type I, II or III MSD. Vessels over 65 feet must install
aTypeIIorLIIMSD.
AllinstalledMSDsmust
t>eCoast
Guard certified. Coast Guard certified devices are so
labeled except for some holding tanks, which are
certified by definition under the regulations.
The Refuse Act of 1899 prohibits
throwing.
discharging or depositing any refuse matter of any kind
Lnduding trash, garbage, oil and other liquid pollutants) into the waters of the United States. The Federal
Water PollutionControl
Act prohibits thedischargeof
oil or hazardous substances which may be harmful
into U. S. navigable waters. You must immcdiateIy
notify the U. S. Coast Guard if your vessel discharges
oil or hazardous substances into the water. Call tollfree 800-424-8802 (In Washington, D. C. (202) 2672675). Report the following information:
a. location
b. source
c. size
d. color
REPORTING
e. substance
f. timeobserved
Regulations issued under the Federal Water Pollution Control Act require all vessels with machinery
propulsion to have a capacity to retain oily mixtures
on board. A Exed or portable means to discharge oily
waste to a rcccption facility is required. A bucket or
bailer is su.itabIe as a portable means of discharging
oily waste on recreational vessels.
IMMEDIATENOTlFICATIONREQUIREDFOR
FATAL ACCIDENTS. If a person dies or disappears
as a result of a recreational boating accident the nearest State boating authority must be notifki without
delay, providing the following information:
l
No person may intentionally drain oil or oily
daste from any source into the bilge of any vesseL
l
Vessels 26 feet in length and over must display a
placard at least 5 by 8 inches, made of durable materiat fixed in a conspicuous place in the machinery
spaccs,oratthebilgepumpcontmIstation,statingthe
fouowing
l
l
20
I
--.,
Date, time and exact location of the
accident;
Name of each person who died or
disappeared;
Number and name of the vessel; and
Names and.addresses of the owner and
operator.
AFORMALREPORTOFAFATALI’IYMUSTBE
FILED WITH IN 48 HOURS. If, as a result of a boating
or related equipment accident, a person sustains injuries that require more than first aid, a formal report
must be filed.
OF OIL PROJZIBITED
The Federal Water Pollution Control Act
prohibits thedischargeof oiloroilywasteinto
or upon the navigable waters of the United
States or the waters of the contiguous zone if
suchdischargecausesafilmorsheenupon,or
discoioration of, the surface of the water, or
causes a sludge or emulsion beneath the surface of the water. Violators are subject to a
penalty of $S,ooO.
ACCIDENTS
All boating accidents or accidents resulting from
the use of related equipment (which meet the criteria
below), must be reported by the operator or owner of
the vessel to the proper marine law enforcement
authority for theState in which the accident occufced.
Avoid flame, physical contact or inhalation of
fumes near any source of potlutioh
DISCHARGE
BOATING
.
ACCIDENTS INVOLVING
MORE THAN $200
DAMAGE MUST BE REPORTED WITHIN 10 DAYS.
A formal report must be made if property damage
exceeds $200; or there is a complete loss of a vessel.
If you need further information regarding accident reporting, please call the Boating Safety Hotline,
@JO-268-5647.
21
S-sXRN ANCHORING
RENDERING
ASSISTANCE
Anchoring a small boat by the stern has caused
many to capsize and sink The transom is usually
squared off and has less freeboard than the bow. In a
current, the stem can be pulled under by the force of
the water. The boat is also vulnerable toswamping by
waveaction. The weight of a motor, fuel tank,orother
gear in the stern increases the risk. Do not anchor by
the stem11
or person in charge of a vessel is
obligated by law to provide assistance that can be
safely provided to any individual at sea in danger of
being lost, and is subject to a fiiie and/or imprisonment for failure to do SO.
The
master
ADDITIONAL
EQUIPMENT
ADVICE
AND
BAILER
Astheoperatorand/orowneryouareresponsible
for the prudent and safe operation of your vessel, and
for the lives and safety of your passengers and others
around you. You should become familiar with Fecleml, State and 10~~1rules and regulations regarding
safe boat operation and attempt to learn and practice
good seamanship, boathandling, navigation and piloting&c
Besides meeting the legal requirements,
boaters carry additional safety equipment.
ADDITIONAL
MEANS
All vessels should carry at least one effective
manual device (portable bilge pump, bucket, scoop,
etc.) for bailing water, in addition to any installed
electric biIge pump.
FIRSTAID
As the operator of a small boat you should consider taking a Fit Aid course and &coming
proficient in its application. A first aid kit and manuaI,
bandages, gauze, adhesive tape, antiseptic aspirin,
etc. is suggested.
prude+
OF PROPULSION
LOADING
Vessels less than 16 feet should carry alternate
propulsion, suds as a paddle or oars. If an alternate
means of mechanical propulsion is carried it should
use a separate fuel tank and starting source than the
main propulsion motor.,
_
Keep the load low and evenly distributed. Do not
exceed the ‘%J.S. Coast Guard Maximum Capacities”
1abeL If there is no capacity label use the following
formuIa to determine the maximum number of persons you can safely carry in calm weather:
ANCHORING
Lensth
L_.
All vessels should be equipped with an anchor
and line of suitable size and length for the vessel and
waters in which it is being operated. Choose the right
anchor for your vessel and the type of bottom you
expect to be anchoring in.
To anchor, bring the bow into the wind or current
and put theengine in neutral. When the vessel comes
to a stop, lower, do not throw, the anchor over the
bow. The anchor tine should be 5 to 7 times the depth
of water.
YOUR VESSEL
.<<I+
Average Weight 150 lbs per person
i-J.People=
!+!?!
Length is determined by measuring in a straight
from the foremost part to the aftermost of the
vessel, parallel to the centerline, exclusive of sheer.
Bowsprits, rudders, outboard motors and similar fittings are not included in the measurement.
line
23
_._-...--
..-...
-.
.-...__
-
_-------
--___-
.-w----
!
-.--m
____________.
__._..
_
-
IiI!
.
CARE
EUELING
PRECAUTIONS
Fill portable tar&off
thevessel.
Closeall hatches
and other openings before fueling. Bxtinguishsmoking materials. Secure all electrical equipment, radios,
stoves and other appliances.
Secure all engines and
motors.
Wipe up any spilled fuel immediately.
Open all
I~at~ltes to air out the vessel.
Run the blower five
minutes, and then check the bilges for fuel vapors
before starting the engine. NEVER start the engine
until all traces of fuel vapors are eliminated.
FUELTANKS
Ensure portable fuel tanks are constructed
of
shrrdy material and in good condition, free of excessive corrosion and do not leak. The vents on portable
tanks must be operable and the tanks should have a
vapor-tight,
leak-proof
cap. Do not allow excessive
movement of portable tanks.
Permanent fuel tanks and lines
corrosion and must not leak. Tanks
the outside of the hull. The fill pipe
tightly and be located outside of
- -lents.
FUEL
should be free of
must be vented to
auld plate must fit
closed compart-
MANAGEMENT
Practice the “One-Third
Rule” by usingonethird
of the fuel going out, one-third to get back and onethird in reserve.
AND
MAINTENANCE
All equipment and supplies should be properly
secured. Keep decks and other spaces clean, free of
clutter and trash. The vessel should be free of fire
hazards with clean bilges and in good condition.
Inspection
and requird
maintenance on a regular
schedule will ensure the hull and superstructure
remain sound. Ensure a11repairs are made properly
and with marine rated parts. You should carry a few
tools, spare parts and learn how to make minor repaitS.
PLOAT
PLAN
Tell a friend or relative where you are going and
when you plan to return. Make sure they have a
description of your vessel and other information that
will make identification
easier should the need tie
An example is provided on the inside front cover.
WEATHER
Check weather reports before leaving shore and
remain watchfix for signs of bad weather. Become
familiar with National Weather Service Storm Advisory Signals and know where they are displayed.
SMALL
BOATS AND WATER Am
Most hunters and anglers do not think of themselves as boaters. But many use smaJl semi-v hull
vessels, flatbottom jon boats or canoes to pursue their
sport. These boats tend to be unstable and easily
capsized. Capsizings, sinkings, and falls overboard
account 70% of boating fatalities and are directly
relatedtopoorstability.Thesefactsmeancaremustbe
usedinoperatingsmallboats.Youmusthaveagreater
awareness of the boat’s limitations and the skill and
knowledge to overcome them
Standing in a small boat raises the center of gravity, often to the point of capsizing. Standing for any
reasonorevenchangingpositioninasmallboatcanbe
dangerous, as is sitting on the gunnels or seat backs or
in a pedestal seat while underway. A waveor sudden
turn may cause a fall overboard or qxsizing because
of the raised center of gravity.
24
-2
25
- -_^______-__-.--_--______-.-.._.. .
SURVIVAL
TITS
u.
it is a common belief that someone
dressed in
- ‘leavyclntl~ingorwaderswillsinkimmediatelyifthey
fallover~ard.Tllisisnottrut.AirtraFped
inclothing
provides considerable flotation, bending tile knees
willtrapairin
wadcrs,providingadditionalflotation.
Tostay afloat, remain calm, do not thrash about or try
to remove clothing or footwear, this leads to exhaustion and increases tilt loss of air that keeps you afloat.
Keep your knees bent, float on your back and paddle
slowty to safety.
Metric Measure
50 Meters
20 Meters
12 M
(M)
(MI
10 M
8M
7M
6M
SUDDEN
IM
and Inches
164.0 ft
65.6 ft.
39.4 ft.
32.8 ft.
26.2 ft.
164’1/2”
23.0 ft.
19.7 ft.
23’11
65’7 l/2”
394 112”
32’9 3/4”
26’3”
l/2”
198 l/4”
16’4 3/4”
13’1 l/2”
8’2 l/2”
3’3 I/4”
16.4 ft.
13.1 ft.
8.2 ft.
3.3 ft.
4M
2.5 M
Hypothermia is the loss of body heat, immersion
in water speeds the loss of heat. If your boat capsizes
it will likely float on or just below the surface. VesseIs
built afler 1978 will support you even if full of water
or capsized. To reduce the effects of hypothermia get
in or on the boat. Try to get as much of your body out
of the water as possible. If you can’t get in the boat a
l’FD will enable you to keep your head out of the
water. This is very important because about 50% of
body heat loss is from the head.
UNITS
Feet in Decimals ket
5M
HYPOTHERMIA
S.
Boating Safety is no accident. To build
sound knowledge,
proficiency
and confidence, the keys to safe boating, take a boating safety course.
DISAPPEARANCE
SYNDROME
_. Coast Guard
Sudden immersion in cold water can induce
rapid, uncontrolled breathing, cardiac arrest, and
olher life-threatening situations which can result in
druwning. Wearing a PFD will prevent this. If you
must enter the water, button up your clothing, wear a
PFD, cover your head if possible and enter the water’
slowly.
COLD
WATER
.
..
. ..__.--
8XW-368--5647
For more information
on boating safety
and boating courses, contact your State
Boating Agency, local Coast Guard
District or call the Boating Safety Hotline.
27
26
____-
Boadng Sfi3ty Hodhe:
DROWNING
It may be possible to revive a drowning victim
who has been under water for considerable time and
shows no signs of life. increasingly numerous documented casesexist where victims have been resuscitated with no apparent harmful
effects after long
immersions.StartCPRimmediatelyandget
tl\evictirn
to a hospital as quickly as possible.
I ._____._---.....
Bi?
._.._.__.._..
._-__
-.....-_.
--
Section
6.0 - Drum
Sampling
Procedures
(SOP FlO8 - Baker’s Standard Operating Procedures for
Administrative,
Field, and Technical Activities, Volume II)
SOP F108
Revision No.: 0
Date: 01/10/92
Page 1 of 9
DRUM
1.0
SAMPLING
PURPOSE
The purpose of this SOP is intended to provide general information
in the field.
However, due to widely varied (and potentially
for the sampling of drums
hazardous) conditions posed by
drum sampling, specific SOPS must be determined on a case-by-case basis.
Actual
drum
sampling will be conducted by qualified individuals.
2.0
SCOPE
This SOP provides information
to assist in ensuring that safe procedures are followed
as
applicable to the inspection, opening, and sampling of drums in the field. Levels of protection
required during drum sampling will be specific to each location; therefore, protection levels
will be addressed in the site-specific Health and Safety Plan (HASP).
3.0
DEFINITIONS
Bung - a threaded metal or plastic plug usually positioned at the top or side of a drum.
Over Pack - a metal or plastic drum-like
container that is larger than the container(s) stored
therein.
Lab Pack - a drum holding multiple
individual
containers of laboratory
materials normally
surrounded by cushioning absorbent material.
4.0
RESPONSIBILITIES
Project Manager - The Project Manager is responsible for ensuring that project-specific plans
are in accordance with these procedures where applicable, or that other approved procedures
are developed.
The Project Manager
is responsible for development
of documentation
of
procedures which deviate from those presented herein.
Site Health and Safety Officer (HSO) - The Site HSO is responsible for ensuring that the
proper respiratory
and personal protective equipment for each member of the sampling team is
SOP FL08
Revision No.: 0
Date: 01110192
Page 2 of 9
selected
in compliance
with
the HASP,
and coordinating
these efforts
with
the Field
Team
Leader.
Field Team Leader - The Field Team Leader is responsible
sampling
Leader
Field
techniques
to ensure
and equipment
that these procedures
Investigation
trained
Field
personnel
It is the responsibility
are implemented
performing
drum
and detailing
the drum
of the Field
in the field and to ensure
sampling
activities
Team
that the
have been briefed
and
to execute these procedures.
Investigation
follow
to be used.
for selecting
Personnel
these procedures
Field Team Leader
for documenting
- It is the responsibility
or to follow
and Project
all sampling
documented
Manager.
of the Field Investigation
project-specific
The Field
procedures
Investigation
data on the appropriate
Drum
Personnel
as directed
Personnel
to
by the
are responsible
Sample
Characterization
Sheet
may include
a limited
degree
prior
to sampling
and in the Field Logbook.
PROCEDURES
5.0
It is anticipated
handling;
that the procedures
therefore,
it will
for drum
be necessary
sampling
to inspect
for certain
conditions
of
drums.
5.1
Inspection
Prior
to sampling,
about their contents.
drums
will
be visually
Items to consider
inspected
during
to gain as much information
inspection
as possible
include:
l
Symbols, wording,
labels, or other marks on the drum indicating that its contents
hazardous, e.g., radioactive,
explosive, corrosive, toxic, or flammable.
are
l
Symbols, wording,
labels, or other marks on a drum indicating
that it contains
discarded laboratory
chemicals, reagents, or other potentially
dangerous materials
in
small-volume
individual containers.
l
Signs of deterioration
such as corrosion,
l
Signs of the chemical
bung opening, etc.
nature
l
Signs that the drum is under pressure
rust, and leaks.
of the contents,
such as residue,
such as swelling
crystal
and bulging.
buildup,
etc. at
SOP FL08
Revision No.: 0
Date: 01/10/92
Page 3 of 9
l
Special drum types (refer to Table 1).
l
Configuration
l
Drum
l
Accessibility
Monitoring
survey
standing
upright,
tilted,
or lying on its side,
of the drum.
will be conducted
instrument,
organic
and a combustible
such
of the drumhead.
around
vapor monitor
gas meter.
as radioactive,
the drums
using instruments
(OVA
The results
or HNul,
such as a gamma radiation
calorimetric
can be used to classify
leaking/deteriorating,
bulging,
tubes (Dr5ger
the drums
tubes),
into categories
explosive/shock-sensitive,
or laboratory
packs.
When
drums
procedures
exhibit
.f-
of the aforementioned
categories,
the following
will be followed:
Radioactive
l
the characteristics
0.01-0.02
equal
Wastes
- If the drum exhibits
mrem/hr
(milliroentgen
to 2 mremhr,
investigation
greater
there
with
equivalent
is a possible
caution,
than 2 mremhr
radiation
in man per hour),
radiation
and inform
source
present.
Continue
If the radiation
radiation
Work
will
hazard.
be notified
normally
that are less than or
the Site HSO.
there is a potential
Field Team Leader and Project Manager
levels above background,
the
levels
are
will stop, and the
so that new procedures
can be
implemented.
l
Explosive
caution,
constructed
equipment
l
Bulging
or Shock-Sensitive
have non-essential
Packaged
fires
I
devices,
- Do not move drums
is necessary,
move to a safe distance,
containment
and/or remote control
Drums
- If handling
personnel
for explosive
is used, such as a grappler
l
Waste
for initial
pressure
Use
unit
non-sparking
unless proper equipment
for explosive
containment.
can be an ignition
Wastes
(Lab Packs)
- Lab Packs
and sometimes
contain
shock-sensitive
materials.
or other qualified
and use a grappler
handling.
Laboratory
opened, a chemist
extreme
if available.
under internal
unit constructed
exercise
individual
should
Once a lab pack
inspect,
classify
source
for
has been
and segregate
SOP F108
Revision No.: 0
Date: 01/10/92
Page 4 of 9
TABLE
SPECIAL
Polyethylene
Exotic
nickel,
metal)
or PVC-lined
Drums
Metal Drums (e.g., aluminum,
stainless steel, or other unusual
Single-Walled
Drums
Pressure
Vessel
Laboratory
Packs
used
as a
DRUM
1
TYPES
Often contain strong acids or bases. If the lining
is punctured,
the substance will usually corrode
the steel, resulting in a significant
leak or spill.
Very expensive drums that usually contain an
extremely dangerous and/or corrosive/reactive
material.
These drums have fittings for both product filling
and placement of an inert gas, such as nitrogen.
May contain reactive, flammable, or explosive
substances.
Used for disposal of expired chemicals and process
samples from university
laboratories,
hospitals,
and similar institutions.
Individual
containers
within the lab pack are often not packed in
absorbent material.
They may contain incompatible materials,
radioisotopes,
shock-sensitive,
highly volatile, highly corrosive, or extremely
toxic exotic chemicals.
Laboratory
packs can be
an ignition source for fires at hazardous waste
sites.
SOP F108
Revision No.: 0
Date: 01/10/92
Page 5 of 9
the bottles (without
opening),
such a classification
system
according
to the hazards of the wastes. The objective
is to ensure safe segregation
(refer to Table 2 for an example
of the lab packs’ contents
of a lab pack classification).
If crystalline
noted at the neck of any bottle, handle it as a shock-sensitive
presence of picric acid, potassium
permanganate
the aqueous solution
or other inimical
qualified
Until
crystallizes,
personnel
hazardous
mislabeled
materials.
sampling
Personnel
or explosive
mixtures
materials,
resulting
when
and obtain advice from
personnel
will assume that unlabeled
drums
are frequently
identified.
Opening
Drums are to be opened and sampled
in place. For opening
device will be used for waste contents that are known to be nonreactive
While
opening
l
Drums
drums manually
molybdenum)
wrench and
and
sound drum.
with a bung wrench, the following
will be positioned
bung/plug
such
a drum deheading
a structurally
aluminum,
equipment
metal
within
(bronze/manganese,
drums manually,
as a nonsparking
nonexplosive,
is
waste due to the potential
also should be aware that drums
and may not contain the material
Drum
5.2
material
prior to handling.
drum contents are characterized,
contain
of
procedures will be used:
bung up, or, for drums with bungs on the side, laid on their
sides with the bung plug up.
l
l
Use a wrenching
motion
that is a slow and steady pull
across the drum,
“cheater bar” if the leverage for unscrewing
the bung is poor.
If there is evidence of incompatible
reactions,
release of potentially
immediately
chemical
using
a sudden pressure buildup,
toxic fumes while the bung is being loosened, field personnel
leave the area and arrange
for remote
drum opening
equipment
a
or a
will
to be
used.
l
If the drum
cannot
be opened successfully
other methods of drum opening
(deheading
using a nonsparking
or puncturing)
hand wrench, then
must be considered.
SOP F108
Revision No.: 0
Date: 01/10/92
Page 6 of 9
TABLE
LAB
PACK
2
CLASSIFICATION
Classification
EXAMPLES
Examples
norganic
acids
Hydrochloric
Acid
Sulfuric Acid
norganic
bases
Sodium hydroxide
Potassium
hydroxide
strong
oxidizing
agents
Ammonium
nitrate
Barium nitrate
Sodium chlorate
Sodium peroxide
strong
reducing
agents
Sodium thiosulfate
Oxalic acid
Sodium sulphite
inhydrous
organics
wganometallics
Anhydrous
inorganics
metal hydrides
and
and
Tetraethyl
lead
Phenylmercuric
chloride
Potassium hydride
Sodium hydride
Sodium metal
Potassium
Toxic organics
PCBs
Insecticides
Flammable
Hexane
Toluene
Acetone
organics
Inorganics
Inorganic
Organic
Sodium carbonate
Potassium chloride
cyanides
cyanides
Toxic metals
Potassium cyanide
Sodium cyanide
Copper cyanide
Cyanoacetamide
Arsenic
Cadmium
Lead
Mercury
SOP F108
Revision No.: 0
Date: 01/10/92
Page 7 of 9
If the drum
l
remote
shows
location,
if possible.
plastic
relieve
excess pressure
shield between
possible,
or bulging,
prior to opening
manually,
the worker
perform
place a barrier
all steps slowly.
l
l
respiratory
maintained
outside
If personnel
must
shields
between
equipment,
resistant
such as an explosion-resistant
and bung to deflect any gas, liquid,
remote-controlled
of the work
be located
monitoring
or solids which
devices for opening
drums:
system
is used, the bank
of air cylinders
in large-
must
be
area.
near the drums
equipment,
being opened, place explosion-resistant
in case of detonation.
Locate controls
and fire suppression
equipment
plastic
for drum opening
behind
the explosion-
shield.
When feasible,
monitor
to the potential
source
opening
protection
them and the drums,
plastic
a
as the bung is loosened.
use the following
If a supplied-air
From
using the devices listed below,
A pneumatically
operated impact wrench to remove drum bungs.
A hydraulically
or pneumatically
operated drum piercer.
A backhoe equipped with bronze spikes for penetrating
drum tops (typical
scale operations).
l
drum
of swelling
If performing
may be expelled
Whenever
signs
air quality
continuously
of contaminants,
operations,
during
i.e., placing
and hang or balance
drum opening,
and as close as possible
as close as practical
the drum
opening
without
equipment
hindering
to minimize
exertion.
Do not use picks,
Open exotic metal
removing
chisels,
etc. to open drums
drums
or manually
Do not open or sample
explosions
and/or
and polyethylene
drilling
individual
Reseal open bungs and/or
manually.
or polyvinylchloride-lined
the bung, while
containers
drill openings
vapor generation.
exercising
within
extreme
laboratory
as soon as possible,
If an open drum
(PVC-lined)
drums
by
caution.
packs.
with
new bungs or plugs to avoid
cannot be resealed,
place the drum
into
SOP FL08
Revision No.: 0
Date: 01/10/92
Page 8 of 9
an overpack.
Plug any openings
release to allow venting
Decontaminate
of sampling
equipment
subsequent
can be a very hazardous
wastes. Prior to collecting
with the procedures identified
Certain
caps set to a s-psi
after each use to avoid
mixing
samples.
Sampling:
Drum sampling
unidentified
dispose
wastes and contaminating
Drum
5.3
drums with pressure venting
of vapor pressure.
and/or
incompatible
in pressurized
information
activity
any sample, field team personnel
in the Sampling
can be construed
because it often involves direct contact with
will become familiar
Plan.
from the drumhead
configuration
prior to sampling,
such as:
Removable “Whole” Lid = designed to contain solid material
Bung opening = designed to contain liquids
Drum Liner = may contain a highly corrosive or otherwise hazardous material
l
l
l
When manually
sampling
Keep sampling
l
from a drum, use the following
personnel
only after opening
at a safe distance
techniques:
while drums are being opened.
Sample
procedures are complete.
l
Do not lean over or between other drums to reach the drum being sampled.
l
Cover drum tops with plastic sheeting
or other suitable
uncontaminated
materials
to
avoid excessive contact with the drum tops.
l
Never
stand on drums,
Use mobile
steps or another
platform
to achieve the height
necessary to safely sample from the drums.
l
Obtain
samples
with either
items such as discarded
pumping
to minimize
glass rods or vacuum
rags during
sampling.
damage to pumps.
pumps.
Do not use contaminated
Glass rods will be removed
prior to
SOP FL08
Revision No.: 0
Date: 01/10/92
Page 9 of 9
l
Identify
each drum with a sample number.
Characterization
Sheet and permanently
Record the number on the Drum Waste
on the drum (mark lid and side) using either
a label, permanent marker, or spray paint.
6.0
QUALITY
ASSURANCE
RECORDS
Quality assurance records shall consist of completed Drum Waste Characterization
data entered into the Field Logbook.
Sheets and
A sample Drum Waste Characterization
Sheet is
attached.
7.0
REFERENCES
NIOSH/OSHA/USCG/EPA,
1985.
Hazardous Waste Site Activities.
Occupational
Safety and Health
U.S. Department
Guidance
Manual
for
of Health and Human Services, Public
Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National
Institute
for Occupational Safety and
Health. Publication No. 85-115.
U.S. EPA,
Wickline,
NIOSH,
1986. Drum Handling
Practices at Hazardous Waste Sites.
and Hodge, JRB Associates, McLean, Virginia.
Wetzel,
Publication No. 86-165362.
1990. NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards.
U.S. Department
Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National
Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati,
-
Furman,
Ohio. Publication
No. 90-117.
of Health and
Institute
for
--.f
ATTACHMENT
DRUM
WASTE
CHARACTERIZATION
A
SHEET
DRUM
PROJECT:
CT0 NUMBER:
INSPECTION
DATE:
WEATHER:
BAKER REPRESENTATIVE:
BAKER
WASTE
ENVIRONMENTAL,
CHARACTERIZATION
MONITORING
CALIBRATION
PRE-INSPECTION
LEVEL
1
3
2
TYPE
Drum
Number
Size
Opening
(bung or
ring top)
CONDITION
Structural
Integrity
Sealed/Exterior
Conlamination
INC.
SHEET
EQUIPMENT
(Serial Number):
DATEmIME/INITIALS:
AIR MONITORING
OF PROTECTION:
4
5
OVERPACKING
Required
Y/N
SCAN:
Fit
Overpack
YIN
6
CONTENTS
Headspace
Reading
Volume
Phases
Sample
ID
Number
Sample Type
(Sludge,
Liquid,
Sediment)
Attachment
E
Environmental
Hazards Specialists
International,
Inc. (EHS) Standard Operating Procedures
"UXO Work Plan
Remedial
1.
Investigation
INTRODUCTION
The EHS team has extensive
and survey
---
operations
addition,
based
Ordnance
Disposal
deal
Addendum"
with
the
with
EOD and Ordnance
of hazardous
contaminated
on our many years
of experience
unique
provides
information
approach
that
challenge
on the
will
sites.
of
locating
general
be implemented
are
UXO.
management
to support
In
as Explosive
our personnel
Specialists,
Clearance
well
equipped
This
section
to
and technical
the
survey
operations.
The logistic
procedures
requirements
correctly,
will
safely
authority
of the
identified
are
in
level
EHS Program
subsections
respqnsibility
overall
all
operations
are
carried
The responsibilities
and operational
management
Manager
for
that
and effectively.
discussed
The general
Responsible
ensure
key management
The key upper
l
action
MANAGEMENT ORGANIZATION
EHS management
Manager.
emergency
are discussed.
1. .l.
out
and standard
that
and
personnel
follow.
personnel
he has is
- Charles
E. Wharton
program
management
is
the
defined
EHS Program
below:
and coordination,
-/?
EHS International,
Standard
Operating
Page 2
contract
Inc.
Procedures
All
machines
project
1..1..2.
Key Operational/Safety
EHS personnel,
and all
authorized
personnel
will
and control
while
safety
program
clearance
operations.
stop
accidents
(explosive
U.S.
observed
or take
and associated
safety
The specific
are
All
at the
experience
in military
and individually,
action
whenever
personnel
EOD publications,
are
to correct
to prevent
an unsafe
familiar
condition
with
identification
and authority
of
these
below:
Supervise-r
to
the
EHS Program
Manager,
the
the
guides,
publications.
defined
Reporting
by EHS.
clearance
and authority
appropriate
responsibilities
EHS Site
on-site
Collectively
or industrial)
60-series
on-site
EOD-trained
extensive
responsibility
or foreseen.
Military
personnel
*-
the
work,
for
have been fully
EOD, and have
problems,
extensive
safety.
School
have
of the
the
or
direct
and administered
be responsible
key EHS personnel
personnel
Because
be directed
will
material,
be under
of EHS personnel,
will
and ordnance
EOD range
is
on site.
and experience
Naval
these
Personnel
requiring
operations
U.S.
completion.
operations
The key EHS personnel
All
of necessary
on-site
EOD training
--A
application
to ensure
supervision
ordnance
1
and contract
administration,
resources
- Enc.
Site
EHS International,
Standard
Operating
Page 3
-
Inc.
Procedures
Supervisor
is
clear
of
and
and
ensure
and
data.
including
In
emergency,
the
Health
and
initial
emergency
response
site
Safety
of
and
safety
all
procedures
training
and
personnel
or
any
other
equipment
responsibility,
on-site
activity
prevent
personnel
event
to
operations
an accident
or
He will
during
the
the
are
other
and
control
on-site
disposal
of
EHS
Commensurating
an unsafe
admittance
when
of
when
is
requiring
on-site.
on-
procedural,
handling
he has
the
for
general,
activities
local
day-to-day
and
safety
excavation,
of
site
in
with
authority
to
condition
develops
of
stop
all
and
unauthorized
progress.
emergency
the
for
of
Supervisor
herein.
to
through
support
and
all
Search
responsible
procedures
pertaining
ordnance,
in
specified
with
required
arrival
implementation
conducting
search/clearance
is
EHS Site
safety
comply
He
Supervisor
the
to
activity.
recording
Also
the
the
used
Site
the
personnel
survey
until
teams.
and
including
Officer
action
for
and
this
Safety
Officer,
direction
required
the
SOP's,
coordinating
-
for
Excavation
administration
:‘.-,
I
of
procedures
an
the
operations,
areas
directing
to
daily
supervision
that
responsible
i
for
the
on-site
---
all
prepare
will
1
responsible
coordination
assignment
- Enc.
In
situation,
the
he
-.
EHS International,
Standard
Operating
Page 4
will
Inc.
Procedures
coordinate
on-site
with
emergency
implementation
local
reports.
In
of
equipment
safety
survey
including
submitting
ensure
maintenance
required
the
checks,
records,
of
the
performance
update
conduct
personnel
and
required
periodic
equipment,
and
operations.
to
the
EOD/HAZMATTECH
areas
being
that
safe
and
observe
to
team
EHS Site
is
are
is
being
adherence
to
requirements,
area,
they
until
relieved
will
GENERAL
on the
the
initiate
by the
TECHNICAL
experience
of
He will
undertaken
procedures,
and
In
to
clear
available.
operations
the
responsible
investigated
members.
Supervisor,
directly
access
ensure
safety
Based
direct
all
EHS EODHAZMATTECH
Reporting
1..2.
he will
training
Officer
procedures,
and
addition,
and
& Safety
and
authorities
inspections
observe
Health
emergency
notifying
weekly
the
1
operations
of
maintenance
0
- Enc.
the
event
Safety
also
in
such
an emergency
in
Officer.
gained
during
survey
their
procedures
APPROACH
EHS has
areas
with
the
emergency
and
inspect
of
immediate
that
UXO hazards
compliance
well-being
of
ensure
Military
-
EHS International,
Standard
Operating
Page 5
clearance
the
operations,
U.S.
assist
Inc.
Procedures
Army
this
previous
Corps
of
project
EHS will
project
with
assess
the
The
of
both
industry,
private
following
for
EHS will
approach.
and
points
of
information
information
clearance
projects
e_w
available
a picture
boundaries
and
the
records,
all
actual
Engineers
Record..Rev_i
data,
site.
complete
--
the
1
Survey/Clearance
utilizing
1 . . 2..1.
Using
- Enc.
will
data
on the
be evaluated
obtained
as possible
of
ordnance-related
contact
on site
the
interviewed,
use
of
and
combined
to
levels,
generate
types,
contamination
the
as
and
within
the
project
of
EOD trained
site.
1 . . 2..2.
A surface
specialists
landfill
will
will
be collected.
will
be placed
with
in
Site
the
Perimeter
1.
sweep
team,
conduct
Using
consisting
search
ordnance
Unexploded
a designated
with
Landfills
a visual
Unexploded
at
accordance
with
of
visual
areas.
agreed
Clearance
-__-
the
and
items
that
ordnance
holding
Standard
clearance
and
ordnance
two
of
ordnance
debris
can be safely
Operating
area
moved'
and dealt
Procedures
as
COR.
Determination
__.__---_marking
and
.____
stakes
Surface
-~.
and
lines
Sweep
Procedures
as necessary,
mark
the
EHS International,
Standard
Operating
Page 6
Inc.
Procedures
outer
perimeter
Additional
complete
Clear
the
and/or
3.
area
scrape
off
of
to
be surveyed.
to
miscellaneous
the
perimeter
to
surface
scrap
metal
items.
survey
to
achieve
the
top
be surveyed.
highest
site
my be added
a geophysical
necessary,
of
the
entire
an effective
6"
to
12"
Record
and
concentrations
of
area.
geophysical
of
the
mark
survey,
surface
areas
magnetic
of
which
and
If
the
area
have
the
mark
the
metallic
anomalies.
--.
c-
4.
i
Using
marking
outer
perimeter
1 . . 2..3.
The
of
the
and
26 Ordnance
approved
for
held
site.
unit
locator
a fixed
and
The
and
is
distance
uses
will
Foerster
MK 26 is
in
use
areas.
be assisted
electromagnetic
be used
most
recent
the
U.S.
items.
changes
for
the
EOD forces
locator
aligned
in
the
(MK
military
Military
The
search
Detector
will
magnetometers,
detect
by an EOD
Electromagnetic
the
by
ordnance
to
burial
Survey
2 fluxgate
apart
as necessary,
suspected
White/Eagle
subsurface
and
the
lines
a subsurface
The
survey.
detecting
and
team
conduct
Locator)
subsurface
of
survey
will
landfill
stakes
Geophpsical
geophysical
specialist
;z_-.
each
1
coverage.
ordnance
Conduct
to
of
footage
ensure
2.
- Enc.
earth's
is
a hand-
and mounted
ambient
EHS International,
Standard
Operating
Page 7
Ici
magnetic
soil
to
field
caused
the
operator.
capability
versus
of
its
terms.
a depth
of
The
side
contact
the
grid
is
found,
if
contact
is
and
or
to
on the
Site/pit
tools
verify
all
survey
grid
access
data
to
all
excavations
zone
accordance
his
hand
to
mark
the
the
for
each
be accomplished
with
standard
to
will
one
If
established
will
items
along
surface.
will
be present
The
to
When a
the
is
and
will
In
search
operator
necessary
in
item
ensure
then
EOD
safety
be recorded
sheets.
SAMPLING
during
locations
and
the
6 meters.
with
below
deemed
WELL INSTALLATION,
be present
check
just
out
excavations.
of
a 60 mm projectile
to
locator
fade
An EOD technician
EHS will
f=-
the
the
contamination.
on or
provided
operator.
MK 26 and
will
ordnance
excavations
1 . . 3.
clear
is
the
hand
the
by
detection
the
detect
subsurface
contact
with
procedures.
use
specialist
until
Any
easily
are
size
a 155 mm projectile
for
the
on the
of
caused
whether
The
experience
will
line
continue
signal
indicates
dependent
on the
and
the
disturbances
and metered
signal
MK 26 will
buried,
landfill.
and
and
3 meters
determine
by hand
MK 26 is
the
or
or metal-related.
EOD specialist
of
spot
the
depth
general
metered
geodetic
1
metal
an audio
The
is
- Enc.
by ferrous
Both
conditions.
disturbance
--
Inc.
Procedures
all
where
scrapings
field
operations
activity
will
AND TRENCH EXCAVATIONS
is
taking
be conducted
and will
place.
using
EHS International,
Standard
Operating
Page 8
standard
have
had
or
buried
burned
general
and
be cleared
assist
clear
drilling
scrub
equipment
designated
site.
Wells
Demolition/Burn
initially
and
(2)
two
the
probe
procedure
feet
on all
being
of
the
MK26
will
impact
detonated.
the
to
at
ranges
enable
at
well
the
on
auger
clear
another
a minimum
to
that
sweep.
be surface
the
to
by EHS personnel
be installed
after,
way
be used
surface
to
will
access
in diameter
be operated
ranges
will
will
operated
and
lowered
and
of
obstacles
to
feet
be followed
ranges
locators
and
access
impact
for
Operating
Standard
nonferrous
are
The
a minimum
60 feet
effectiveness
that
or
sites,
the
underground
have
operations.
be as follows:
well
be used
ranges
. Every
This
before
to
detonated,
a site
approximately
and
will
of
the
EHS EOD specialists
the
of
a high
any
will
UXO as per
ferrous
and
years
installation,
any
equipment
ordnance
excavating
and
to
Many of
precautions.
many
required
area
achieving
Mechanized
to
of
Both
in
the
access
site
1
incendiary
preparing
well
the
well
Procedures.
or
data
of
sweep
10'
for
advance
surface
safety
throughout
survey
In
- Enc.
and
explosive,
approach
collecting
will
Procedures
EOD procedures
sites
of
Inc.
ordnance
will
cleared
be removed
(2)
a depth
two
feet.
of
(20)
was buried
EHS International,
Standard
Operating
Page 9
Inc.
Procedures
1 . . 3..2.
- Enc.
Trench
Excavations
1 . . 3..2..1.
EHS personnel
sites.
The
manner
made
at
the
with
digging
upon
the
the
the
waste
dump
of
the
waste,
the
toxic,
and
a remote
place
it
in
identify
explored.
the
method
(can)
the
Plan
mark
through
the
be the
width
down
until
if
the
contact,
a path
middle
of
the
of
the
water
depending
the
of
surface
the
to
nature
take
waste
hazardous
extract
the
or
sample
container.
Procedures
a trench
to
site.
hoe/bucket
bottom/or
is
hand
and
until
to
burial
back
a precise
required,
Excavation
for
the
in
contact
be highly
designed
Site/Pit
out
designates
be activated
be used
an appropriately
and
point,
waste
will
1 . . 3..2..2.
1.
until
On identification
of
the
excavate
sweep
SOP will
nature
at
may continue
appropriate
Should
this
excavation
is
will
6" per
At
to
excavations
used
(about
be initiated
of
the
equipment
material).
outcome.
samples.
conduct
locations,
dumped
will
General
will
mechanized
1
of
be dug
The
and
the
will
out
trench
will
continue
burial
site
by hand
or
is
determined.
2.
Initial
hand
, / --
excavation
tools
suspected
to
will
carefully
UXO until
be conducted
remove
positive
the
dirt
identification
using
surrounding
can
the
be
EHS International,
Standard
Operating
Page
10
--
3.
Inc.
Procedures
-
deemed
necessary,
made.
If
may be
required.
Once
located,
determine
Remove
all
5.
slowly
lift
the
6.
to
unnecessary
surface
Follow
identify
factors
the
to
on Excavation
i
i
of
recommendation
modified
-
excavation
of
instance,
the
.
Position
.
Carefully
remove
If,
the
pit
chemical
accordance
7.
Revert
during
area,
other
materials
with
The
is
to
the
UXO or
bulk
the
excavated
found,
approved
material
place
it
on
UXO.
or
the
for
the
for
the
this
In
be used.
that
from
from
may be
equipment
will
such
dirt
upon
procedures
procedures
tools
of
and
the
partially
hand
area.
and
mechanical
be approach
course
are
of
equipment
can
it
a pit,
excavation
following
the
the
removal.
explosive/chemical
surrounding
uncovered
until
.
from
use
dirt
for
positive
of
permit
UXO to
trench.
by EHS,
to
from
- following
UXO removed
exposed
excavation
identification/determination
hazard
equipment
be considered
the
the
handling
the
personnel
UXO from
next
1
remote
carefully
safety
4.
Enc.
the
UXO to
the
side.
side
of
nearly
exposed.
final
excavation.
excavation/removal
the
of
be
UXO
UXO from
explosive/propellant/
they
will
be removed
and
handled
SOP.
will
be placed
in
an isolated
in
-.
EHS International,
Standard
Operating
Page 11
area
Inc.
Procedures
within
ordnance
types
place
any
activities
retreat
drums.
air
near
stop.
least
clothing
around
drums
drum
be overpacked.
the
designated
Safety
at
of
the
directly
experience
hazardous
from
and
work
and
and
unusual
the
for
the
or
vicinity
of
monitor
the
readings
are
will
wear
the
hazard.
The
Personnel
will
pit.
The
excavation
personnel
properly
store
at
any
all
is
management
trained
in
will
the
other
drum
at
appropriate
foremost
and
supervisory
to
The
Site
identify
Manager,
in
the
operational
personnel
They
operations.
responsibility
situations.
to
Will
will
equipment
Inc.
involved
calm
site.
personnel
fully
are
be removed.
on site
EHS International,
philosophy.
from
Qualified
contents
activities
excavation
personnel
drum
location
location
any
will
move
various
personnel
appropriate
the
winds
up wind
If
carefully
identify
the
the
all
materials.
necessary
the
excavation
HNU analyzers
drums.
protective
The
normal
30 feet
then
estimate
Unnecessary
OVA and/or
the
will
the
catalog
and
when
discovered,
exhibited,
dirt
9.
of
are
at
the
found
on a day
will
EHS will
found.
dispersion
drums
1
site.
metal
quantities
take
minimize
If
existing
related
and
will
8.
the
- Enc.
have
are
the
potentially
Safety
a
Ih
EHS International,
Standard
Operating
Page
12
Inc.
Procedures
Officer,
and
to
corrective
encountered.
when
is
stop
authority
work
of
that
and
and
take
situation
EOD procedures
determined
is
will
be employed
ordnance
related
no explosive
items
hazard
exists.
Restoration
After
each
and
metallic
burial
pit
with
the
The
level
operation
the
is
dependent
known
or
army
for
chemical
agents
in
This
Plan.
will
All
trenching/excavating/soil
the
hazard
and
excavating
chemical
OVA/HNU
to
the
will
C).
and
an
in
munitions
be either
(Level
for
be
and Safety
Level
D or
C, with
as necessary.
in
work
areas
Continuous
be required.
not
with
will
Health
The
areas
contaminated
movement
in
in
analysis.
upgrading/downgrading
be accomplished
UXO
Clothing
Pr.ocedures
required
been
with
normally
for
with
having
accordance
provision
monitoring
upon
or
the
will
be filled
clothing
of
exposed
terrain.
scraping
suspected
determined
will
of
Personal
Protective
Vapor Monitorins
protective
required
cleared
area
surrounding
of
level
been
has
debris,
1 . . 3..2..3.
2.
the
an unsafe
Standard
it
conform
1.
have
investigation/handling
until
10.
1
immediately
action
the
Enc.
EOD Technicians
responsibility
in
-
Negative
EHS International,
Standard
Operating
n
Page
Inc.
Procedures
-
results
will
not
downgrading
on the
of
1
elevated
automaticlly
will
whether
levels
doing
during
the
locators
soil
to
of
and
protective
water
In
be used
in
in
the
to
justify
Elevated
readings
the
stopping
of
or
continue
work
evacuate
If
operations.
will
clothing.
result
1..3..2..4.
personnel
be used
protective
OVA/HNU
a decision
being
Enc.
13
work
and
in
clothing.
required
sampling
case
EHS will
escort
ensure
maximum
to
of
soil
sample
areas
prior
AND
EQUIPMENT
safety
sampling,
ordnance
to
sample
a soil
extracted.
--
1..4.
FACILITIES
To support
will
the
overall
project,
facilities
be marshalled
as indicated
in
The
listed
will
operations
0
equipment
support
and
below
emergency
Communications
emergency
transceivers
land
line
or
following
equipment
paragraphs.
be utilized
for
general
support:
- On site
operations
the
and
communications
will
for
be provided
provided
to
key
mobile
telephone
or
by portable
personnel.
will
normal
A commercial
be available
for
direct'communications.
.F/’ --
.
0
Vehicles
- One passenger
vehicle
will
be available
on-
r-x
EHS International,
Standard
Operating
Page 14
site
Inc.
Procedures
for
Field
general
bucket
tools
1 . * 4..2.
Ordnance
----
(
hand
Lease
a LS-2800
locator.
tracked
equivalent,
back
or
case
and
I--
a White/Eagle
contacts
will
deep
excavation
is
backhoe
and
other
hoe,
W-20
front
front
1 . . 4..2..1.
and
and
clean
samples.
recorded
Where
use.
Emergency
contamination
be accomplished
plus
of
tools.
i.e.,
Soil
will
Excavation
equipment,
for
detection
using
cross
logistic
- On site
Detection/Excavation
Esuipment/Materia~-
ordnance
locator.
and
Trailer
prevent
and
1
administration
Decontamination
operational,
(MK 26)
- Enc.
any
end
end
loader,
Clearance
using
the
Eoerster
low
frequency
be accomplished
required,
EHS will
necessary
Case
580
or
loader
Mj.scellaneous
Equipment
List
G1 oves
Boots
Mosquito
Safety
Lotion
Glasses
Helmets/Hard
dealing
with
Tools.
Hats
suspected
Hand
Tape,
black
Chain
with
hooks
(Note:
UXO's)
hard
hats
will
not
be worn
when
EHS International,
Standard
Operating
Page 15
Shovels,
spade
Support
Tire
Inc.
Procedures
for
both
short
diesel
and
1
and
long
handle
gas
repair
service
Surveyor's
tape,
3 pkgs
of
2 coils
all
colors
l/2
inch
stakes
of
starting
250'
flat,
equipment
repair,
Phone
and
- Enc.
line,
fluid
surveyor's
Decon
tape
2 cases
tubs,
bleach
1 . . 4..2..2.
aothes
for
Workinq
Day / Size
Yellow
boots
2 Pr
Large
Tyvex
2 Pr
Large
Saranex
2 Pr
Large
Filters
1 Pr
Respirators
1 Ea
Tape
1 Case
Coveralls
1 Ea
Knee
3 Pr
Inner
gloves
2 Pr
Outer
gloves
2Pr
Boots,
SCBA's
with
a dedicated
- Purple
mask.
One extra
bottle
per
rig.
.p
EHS International,
Standard
Operating
Page 16
Airlines
operations
with
Inc.
Procedures
- Enc.
sufficient
hoses
1
and
air
supply
for
level
B
-I--
EHS International,
Standard
Operating
Page 17
1 . . 5.
The
routine
Inc.
Procedures
STANDARD
following
operating
PKrson-nel
employment
area
to
general
information
procedures
to
on
be used
by
on site.
Equal
due
provide
and
1 . , 5.-l.
local
1
PROCEDURES
paragraphs
administrative
EHS while
- Enc.
opportunity
laborers
the
if
nature
of
of
the
consideration
EmDlovment
will
required
the
for
task
areas
and
be provided
this
the
listed
for
However,
project.
hazards
below
the
expected,
will
be necessary:
-
Physical
0
Conditioning
thoroughly
work
and
Known
0
all
the
known
Following
constitute
briefed
as to
potential
allergies
bites
or
the
hires
physical
will
be
nature
of
allergies
or
will
previous
be asked
reactions
to
list
to
insect
medication.
for
the
conditions
termination
listed
and will
below
result
in
dismissal:
D
Failure
dismissal
0
to
attend
with
(dismissal
after
Possession
of
training
sessions
no pay)
or
one
warning).
or
the
hazards.
- Personnel
employment,
grounds
- Potential
being
daily
under
immediate
briefings
the
influence
of
c
-_
EHS International,
Standard
Operating
Page 18
Inc.
Procedures
alcohol
or
drugs
Failure
to
comply
- Enc.
at
the
site
with
etc.)
failure
(dismissal
.
Unexcused
absence
1 . . 5..2.
-General
____.
.-------.- Procedures
-- --
below
general
will
(dismissal
be followed
procedures
and
may be altered
maximize
by the
Safety
if
and
imposed
on-site
on the
restrictions
*
daily
protective
one warning).
one
warning).
one warning).
routine
those
Routine
prescribed
on the
site.
These
that
concern
safety)
as deemed
facilitate
an
appropriate
additional
On-Site
operations,
contractor
personnel
Restrictions
several
and
restrictions
will
visitors.
These
authorized
are:
Access
authorized
- Will
be
visitors
limited
and
to
only
the
via
contractor
the
or
office
facilities.
.
to
required.
1..5..2..1.
During
in
an.4 Daily
Officer
to
wear
after
working
(except
productivity
training,
and
while
routines
after
(dismissal
procedures
safety
after
Malingering
dismissal).
smoking
to
.
The
i -=-
(i.e.,
area,
clothing,
(immediate
prescribed
procedures/regulations
unauthorized
1
Vehicles
- Only
contractor
vehicles
will
be
be
EHS International,
Standard
Operating
Page 19
#==
Inc.
Procedures
permitted
on the
activities
>
are
Unauthorized
the
in
will
If
where
ordnance-related
progress.
It
- Any observed
be reported
to
continuation
unauthorized
Note:
site
1
Vehicles/Personnel
site
radio.
is
unauthorized
and
- Enc.
of
Safety
work
poses
personnel,
work
will
recognized
that
control
personnel
subject
the
to
the
on site
on
Officer
via
a hazard
to
be stopped.
of
will
cooperation
be difficult
of
the
Range
Control
authorities.
1 . . 5..2..2.
The
(tentative)
0
on-site
daily
Working
Daily
routine
Rest
is
as follows:
Sunday-Friday
Saturday
off
Periods
- two
a 30-minute
rest
be used
Hours
0730-1730
0
to
Routine
lunch
periods
at
fifteen
minute
break.
the
rest
(Additional
discretion
periods
and
on-station
of
the
Site
Supervisor.
0
.I
--
.
Daily
Briefings
- The
designated
members
on work
Safety
planned
-Officer
for
will
that
day
brief
the
and provide
Team
EHS International,
Standard
Operating
Page 20
1
cK---Y
Inc.
Procedures
other
pertinent
- Enc.
1
information.
1 . , 5..2..3.
Safety
and
Maintenance
Inspections
Several
types
be conducted
Officer
of
on-site
at
maintenance
EHS Site
frequencies.
on the
Checklists
and
by the
varying
information
safety
types
for
these
addition
to
Supervisor,
Table
and
l-l
frequency
inspections
inspections
of
will
will
Safety
provides
these
inspections.
be provided
at
the
work
site.
In
Supervisor/Safety
#--
all
types
the
Officer
at
least
once
inspection
will
each
listed,
conduct
/I
FREQUENCY
DAILY
WEEKLY
inspections
MONTHLY
INSPECTIONS
RESPONSIBILITY
M
Vehicle
X
Operator
S
Protective
clothing
X
Site
Supervisor
M
First
Aid
Equipment
Site
Supervisor
M
ABC
Extinquisher
Site
Manager
S
Fire
X
X
X
of
l-l
SAFETY AND MAINTENANCE
NAME
random
Site
week,
Table
TYPE
the
All
Key
REMARKS
Each
Each
vehicle
Kit
EHS International,
Standard
Operating
Page 21
,----..
Hazards
Inc.
Procedures
- Enc.
1
Personnel
S
Operational
X
All Key
Personnel
M
MK 26
X
Operator
M
White/Eagle
S = Safety
M= Maintenance
X
Operator
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement