MX900A Manual

MX900A Manual
FEBRUARY 1995
MX900A
Stat 296
STAT 296
CUSTOMER
SUPPORT
INFORMATION
Order toll-free in the U.S.: Call 877-877-BBOX (outside U.S. call 724-746-5500)
FREE technical support 24 hours a day, 7 days a week: Call 724-746-5500 or fax 724-746-0746
Mailing address: Black Box Corporation, 1000 Park Drive, Lawrence, PA 15055-1018
Web site: www.blackbox.com • E-mail: [email protected]
FCC STATEMENT
FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION
AND
INDUSTRY CANADA
RADIO FREQUENCY INTERFERENCE STATEMENTS
This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio-frequency energy, and if not
installed and used properly, that is, in strict accordance with the manufacturer’s
instructions, may cause interference to radio communication. It has been tested
and found to comply with the limits for a Class A computing device in accordance
with the specifications in Subpart B of Part 15 of FCC rules, which are designed to
provide reasonable protection against such interference when the equipment is
operated in a commercial environment. Operation of this equipment in a
residential area is likely to cause interference, in which case the user at his own
expense will be required to take whatever measures may be necessary to correct
the interference.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible
for compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class A limits for radio noise emission from
digital apparatus set out in the Radio Interference Regulation of Industry Canada.
Le présent appareil numérique n’émet pas de bruits radioélectriques dépassant les limites
applicables aux appareils numériques de la classe A prescrites dans le Règlement sur le
brouillage radioélectrique publié par Industrie Canada.
TRADEMARKS USED IN THIS MANUAL
Any trademarks mentioned in this manual are acknowledged to be the property of the
trademark owners.
1
STAT 296
NORMAS OFICIALES MEXICANAS (NOM)
ELECTRICAL SAFETY STATEMENT
INSTRUCCIONES DE SEGURIDAD
1. Todas las instrucciones de seguridad y operación deberán ser leídas antes de
que el aparato eléctrico sea operado.
2. Las instrucciones de seguridad y operación deberán ser guardadas para
referencia futura.
3. Todas las advertencias en el aparato eléctrico y en sus instrucciones de
operación deben ser respetadas.
4. Todas las instrucciones de operación y uso deben ser seguidas.
5. El aparato eléctrico no deberá ser usado cerca del agua—por ejemplo, cerca
de la tina de baño, lavabo, sótano mojado o cerca de una alberca, etc..
6. El aparato eléctrico debe ser usado únicamente con carritos o pedestales que
sean recomendados por el fabricante.
7. El aparato eléctrico debe ser montado a la pared o al techo sólo como sea
recomendado por el fabricante.
8. Servicio—El usuario no debe intentar dar servicio al equipo eléctrico más allá
a lo descrito en las instrucciones de operación. Todo otro servicio deberá ser
referido a personal de servicio calificado.
9. El aparato eléctrico debe ser situado de tal manera que su posición no
interfiera su uso. La colocación del aparato eléctrico sobre una cama, sofá,
alfombra o superficie similar puede bloquea la ventilación, no se debe colocar
en libreros o gabinetes que impidan el flujo de aire por los orificios de
ventilación.
10. El equipo eléctrico deber ser situado fuera del alcance de fuentes de calor
como radiadores, registros de calor, estufas u otros aparatos (incluyendo
amplificadores) que producen calor.
11. El aparato eléctrico deberá ser connectado a una fuente de poder sólo del
tipo descrito en el instructivo de operación, o como se indique en el aparato.
2
NOM STATEMENT
12. Precaución debe ser tomada de tal manera que la tierra fisica y la polarización
del equipo no sea eliminada.
13. Los cables de la fuente de poder deben ser guiados de tal manera que no
sean pisados ni pellizcados por objetos colocados sobre o contra ellos,
poniendo particular atención a los contactos y receptáculos donde salen del
aparato.
14. El equipo eléctrico debe ser limpiado únicamente de acuerdo a las
recomendaciones del fabricante.
15. En caso de existir, una antena externa deberá ser localizada lejos de las lineas
de energia.
16. El cable de corriente deberá ser desconectado del cuando el equipo no sea
usado por un largo periodo de tiempo.
17. Cuidado debe ser tomado de tal manera que objectos liquidos no sean
derramados sobre la cubierta u orificios de ventilación.
18. Servicio por personal calificado deberá ser provisto cuando:
A: El cable de poder o el contacto ha sido dañado; u
B: Objectos han caído o líquido ha sido derramado dentro del aparato; o
C: El aparato ha sido expuesto a la lluvia; o
D: El aparato parece no operar normalmente o muestra un cambio en su
desempeño; o
E: El aparato ha sido tirado o su cubierta ha sido dañada.
3
STAT 296
Contents
Chapter
Page
1. Specifications................................................................................................ 5
2. Introduction ................................................................................................. 6
2.1 General................................................................................................ 6
2.2 Key Features ........................................................................................ 6
3. Connecting the Stat 296 ..............................................................................
3.1 Communications Link (Modem) Connector ...................................
3.2 Power Requirements ..........................................................................
3.3 Channels 1 and 2 Connectors............................................................
3.4 The Serial Cable .................................................................................
3.5 Flow Control .......................................................................................
3.6 “Break” Character...............................................................................
7
7
7
9
9
10
10
4. Operation .....................................................................................................
4.1 Introduction........................................................................................
4.2 Operating Modes................................................................................
4.2.1 Command Mode ......................................................................
4.2.2 Data Mode ................................................................................
11
11
11
11
11
5. Commands....................................................................................................13
5.1 Introduction........................................................................................13
5.2 Command Execution .........................................................................13
5.2.1 Local and Remote Stat 296 Commands..................................13
5.2.2 Modem Commands..................................................................13
5.3 Command-Line Format......................................................................14
5.4 Command Guidelines ........................................................................14
5.5 The AT Command Set Recognized by the Stat 296 .........................15
5.5.1 Mode-Setting Commands ........................................................15
5.5.2 Channel-Configuration Commands .......................................18
6. Quick Configuration....................................................................................20
6.1 Introduction........................................................................................20
6.2 Configuring the Modems and Terminals .........................................20
6.3 Connecting the Stat 296.....................................................................20
6.4 Configuring the Stat 296 Multiplexors..............................................20
6.5 Establishing the Connection Between the Modems.........................21
6.6 Entering Stat 296 Data Mode.............................................................21
6.7 Data/File Transfer..............................................................................21
Appendix: Cabling ............................................................................................22
4
CHAPTER 1: Specifications
1. Specifications
Multiplexor Type — Statistical
User Channels — 2
Speed — Channel: 110 to 9600 bps Composite: 110 to 9600 bps
Data Format — Channel and composite: Asynchronous
Flow Control — Local: Hardware CTS/DTR; End-to-end:
Hardware CTS/DTR and software X-ON/X-OFF
Diagnostics — Local and remote loopback
Interface — Channel: RS-232 Composite: RS-232
Connectors — Channel: (1) RJ-45 female
Composite: (1) DB25 male
Power — Derived from modem’s RS-232 signals
Size — 0.7"H x 2.6"W x 2.1"D (1.8 x 6.6 x 5.3 cm)
Weight — 0.1 lb. (<0.1 kg)
5
STAT 296
2. Introduction
2.1 General
Using statistical multiplexing techniques, the Stat 296 multiplexes two
asynchronous channels at data rates of 110 to 9600 bps onto a single
asynchronous communication link. Operating without connection to AC
power, the Stat 296 derives the power it needs to operate from the standard
RS-232 data and control voltages.
Hardware and software flow control for each channel manages data flow
end to end and between a serial device and the Stat 296. The Stat 296
includes three serial connectors: a DB25 male connector for attachment to a
modem, and two RJ-45 connectors for attachment to serial devices such as
computers, terminals, or printers.
2.2 Key Features
• Multiplexes two asynchronous channels at data rates up to 9600 bps onto a
single communication link operating at up to 9600 bps.
• Requires no external power or batteries if used with an AC-powered
modem (derives its power from the RS-232 interface).
• Automatically senses and configures for DTE or DCE connection to
channel ports. Automatically senses presence of control signals and
changes in baud rates.
• Offers independent configuration of four parameters for each channel:
baud rates, parity, framing, and flow control.
• Performs end-to-end conversion for parameters: baud rates, parity,
framing, and flow control.
• Provides command facility (from Channel 1) for configuration and
diagnostic tests of local and remote multiplexor.
• Permanently stores system configuration in nonvolatile memory.
• Executes diagnostic tests—including local and remote loopback—on
channels, communication link, and system hardware.
• Maximizes throughput by prioritizing channels according to data rates.
6
CHAPTER 3: Connecting the Stat 296
3. Connecting the Stat 296
The Stat 296 includes three serial connectors: a DB25 male connector for a
modem and two RJ-45 connectors for serial devices such as computers,
terminals, or printers. Since the Stat 296 draws its power from the signals sent
by the attached modem, it needs no power connector and no internal battery.
3.1 Communication Link (Modem) Connector
On one end of the Stat 296, you will find the modem connector. It is a DB25
male connector that mates with the DB25 female connector on your
modem—without a cable. If your situation requires a cable from the Stat 296
to the modem, it must be a straight-through cable, not a “null-modem cable”
(sometimes called a “crossover cable” or a “modem eliminator cable.”
Normal operation of the Stat 296 requires a communication link to another
Stat 296, usually located remotely, and interconnection with a pair of
modems. The two Stat 296 multiplexors logically connect Channel 1 of the
local Stat 296 to Channel 1 of the remote Stat 296 and channel 2 to channel
2. See Fig. 3-1 for a typical application.
3.2 Power Requirements
Usually, the Stat 296 obtains all its power from the signals sent by the modem
through its connector. The Stat 296 “powers up” when you connect it to a
modem and turn on the modem’s power.
PC
MX900A
Async
Modem
Async
Modem
MX900A
Async
Host
Printer
Fig. 3-1. Typical Application of the Stat 296.
7
STAT 296
Table 3-1. Communication Link Connector Pin Assignments.
Pin Number
Circuit
Description
Direction
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
AA
BA
BB
CA
CB
CC
AB
N/A
From Stat 296
To Stat 296
From Stat 296
To Stat 296
To Stat 296
N/A
9
20
Pwr
CD
Protective Ground
Transmit Data
Receive Data
Request to Send
Clear to Send
Data Set Ready
Signal Ground
(Common Return)
9- to 12-volt power
Data Terminal Ready
To Stat 296*
From Stat 296
*NOTE: The modem does not supply power to Pin 9. When the Stat 296 needs more power
than provided by the other signals to the Stat 296, another external device provides
power between Pin 9 and Pin 7 of about 100 milliwatts.
8
CHAPTER 3: Connecting the Stat 296
3.3 Channels 1 and 2 Connectors
The Stat 296 provides two serial channels, which it multiplexes over the
common communication link. You connect these serial channels to
computers, terminals, printers, or other serial devices. Logically, you have
connected the serial device to the serial device you connected to the
corresponding Channel 1 or Channel 2 of the remote Stat 296. Connecting
to a serial device requires a serial cable with the proper mating connector for
the device’s RS-232 port and the RJ-45 channel connector of the Stat 296.
For connection to the Stat 296, the computer must have an unused serial
port, also known as an RS-232 interface. The port’s jack comes in several
different shapes: The most common by far is the DB25 connector, followed by
the DB9, the circular 8 used on some Macintosh® computers, and the RJ-45.
In computers like the IBM PC and compatibles, which have plug-in
expansion slots, the serial port is normally part of an expansion card. It can
be found at the expansion-card slot openings at the back of the PC. Many
other machines, particularly those without expansion slots (including laptops
and other portables), have the serial port built in. Either way, it will normally
be labeled “serial port” or “RS-232C.”
3.4 The Serial Cable
The Stat 296 does not come with serial cables, since each computer or other
serial device requires a different cable, depending on the type of serial
connector and the connector’s wiring.
The RS-232 standard defines two serial connector configurations: Data
Communications Equipment (commonly known as DCE) and Data Terminal
Equipment (commonly known as DTE). The serial port of all terminals and
printers, and most computers, is DTE. For most other serial devices, the serial
port is DTE if it connects to a modem, or DCE if it connects to a terminal or
computer.
Each channel port of the Stat 296 automatically matches the configuration
of your serial device (it adapts to a DTE or a DCE connection). This
eliminates the need for “null modem,” cables and simplifies concern over the
serial device’s connector wiring. You should provide both CTS and DTR
circuits in your cable, since the Stat 296 derives power from these signals and
requires them for local flow control. Also, your devices may require them for
end-to-end hardware flow control. Additionally, most “null modem cable”
devices do not provide for hardware flow control, so don’t use them.
9
STAT 296
3.5 Flow Control
Any serial device connected to a Stat 296 subchannel must honor local flow
control. Otherwise an overload on the communication link will cause loss of
characters. A DTE device connected to the Stat 296 will see Clear-to-Send
(CTS) raised when it is allowed to send data to the Stat 296. When the Stat
296 drops CTS, the attached device must stop sending data. All DTE devices
that comply with RS-232C, V.24, and related standards do honor CTS in this
manner: this includes almost all serial PCs, terminals and printers on the
market. Therefore, any device you’re likely to connect to the Stat 296 will not
have a problem with this requirement.
For DCE devices, the Stat 296 outputs Data-Terminal-Ready (DTR) as a
local flow-control signal, with the same response requirements as described
above for CTS.
End-to-end flow control is the handshaking that goes on between a local
serial device connected to the local Stat 296, and its remote counterpart
connected to the remote Stat 296. For end-to-end flow control, the Stat 296
offers both software flow control (X-ON/X-OFF) and hardware flow control
(CTS/DTR). Software flow-control characters are passed through without
modification by the Stat 296. If your device uses end-to-end flow control, it
must provide sufficient buffering for the round trip delay.
3.6 “Break” Character
The Stat 296 will detect the “break” character from your serial device, a space
condition exceeding 200 milliseconds. In response, it sends a coded signal to
the remote Stat 296, which generates a 200-millisecond break-condition signal
to your device’s counterpart.
10
CHAPTER 4: Operation
4. Operation
4.1 Introduction
This chapter describes the Stat 296’s two modes of operation, how to switch
between the two modes, and the result codes that report the Command Mode
responses of the Stat 296.
4.2 Operating Modes
Your Stat 296 operates in one of two modes: Command Mode or Data Mode.
On power-up, the local Stat 296 will automatically perform a self-test,
configure itself as defined in its nonvolatile memory, and enter Command
Mode. You then have approximately 10 seconds to enter an AT command. If
you do not enter an AT command within 10 seconds, the local Stat 296 will
automatically establish a connection with the remote Stat 296 (provided it is
powered-up and the pathway is clear), and enter Data Mode.
4.2.1 COMMAND MODE
In the Stat 296’s command mode, you communicate with the Stat 296
through Channel 1, using AT commands. In Command Mode you can
configure the local Stat 296, the attached local modem (if the modem
supports AT commands), and the remote Stat 296, all at the same time.
After executing an AT command, the local Stat 296, the local modem,
and/or the remote Stat 296 will return result codes to show execution of the
command. In Command Mode, you can also do loopback tests on the local
Stat 296 and local modem, and/or the remote Stat 296 and remote modem.
With these loopback tests, you can isolate faults that can cause
communication problems.
Once you have been entering AT commands in Command Mode, there are
two ways to get into data mode: You can enter the AT “on-line” command
(see Chapter 5.0) to force the Stat 296 into Data Mode immediately. Or you
can wait for the MicroStat to “time-out” (approximately 2 minutes) and enter
Data Mode automatically.
4.2.2 DATA MODE
In the data mode, the Stat 296 transparently transfers data end-to-end
between your serial devices and their counterparts on the remote Stat 296. It
receives characters from Channels 1 and 2, and multiplexes these characters
onto the communication link. Your modem sends this data stream through
the remote modem to the remote Stat 296, which demultiplexes the stream
and sends the characters to its own Channels 1 and 2, respectively.
11
STAT 296
The Stat 296 constantly checks the data from Channel 1 for the escape-code
sequence (three backslashes, \\\, followed by one second with no data). The
escape-code sequence allows you to send a command to the Stat 296 while it is
in Data Mode.
ENTERING COMMANDS IN DATA MODE
Since the Stat 296 does not respond to any commands in the Data Mode, the
escape code allows you to return to the Command Mode.
Here’s how to send a command to the local Stat 296 or the remote Stat 296
while it is in data mode:
1. On channel 1, type “\\\”
2. Wait one second before typing any other character.
3. Type in the desired AT commands.
4. Check for the OK result code.
5. After completing your command session, type AT[O (the On line
Command) to restore the data mode.
NOTE: While in command mode, the local Stat 296 will halt all data transfers on channel 2, and
if a connection exists to a remote Stat 296, will halt all data transfers on both channels
of the remote Stat 296.
RESULT CODES
Result codes report the responses of the Stat 296 to your commands. You may
select result codes as English words or numeric digits, or you may disable
them entirely (see the “Q...” command in Chapter 5). Some example result
codes are shown in Table 3-1.
Table 3-1. Stat 296 Result Codes.
12
Digit Code
Word Code
Meaning of Code
0
Ok
Command line executed without errors
4
Error
Error in the command line
CHAPTER 5: Command Set
5. Commands
5.1 Introduction
This chapter describes AT command execution, gives AT command
guidelines, and lists all the AT commands recognized by the Stat 296.
5.2 Command Execution
Your Stat 296 accepts only ASCII characters from Channel 1 as commands.
When the Stat 296 receives characters during Command Mode, it stores local
commands (those following the “[“ local directive) in a 30-character buffer.
Unless you disable the echo-back (E0 command), the Stat 296 also echoes
local command characters back to Channel 1. When it encounters a carriagereturn character showing the end of the command, the Stat 296 executes the
stored command.
A command line starts with the attention code AT. You may string
commands together in a single command line, and you may separate
commands with spaces for readability. However, you may not exceed 30
characters and spaces following the AT[ directive for the local commands.
The command or string of commands executes when you press the RETURN
key. You receive a result code after execution of the last command unless you
intentionally disabled result codes.
5.2.1 LOCAL AND REMOTE STAT 296 COMMANDS
The Stat 296 echoes all command characters back to Channel 1 (unless you
disable the echo-back). After receiving the attention command AT and the
local directive [ character, the Stat 296 also stores all subsequent characters in
a 30-character command buffer. When you enter the AT code immediately
followed by the remote directive @, the Stat 296 directs the remainder of the
command line to the remote Stat 296, which echoes these characters back to
your Channel 1 (unless you disable its echo-back). If your Stat 296 doesn’t
have a connection to a remote Stat 296, the [email protected] command returns an error
result code to you, before you press RETURN.
5.2.2 MODEM COMMANDS
If you enable modem commands AT[M1 the Stat 296 passes all command
characters to the attached modem until it encounters the attention command
AT and the local directive [ character. The Stat 296 echoes all characters from
the modem to your Channel 1. Thus if your modem is in Command Mode
and it has echo enabled, your Stat 296 echoes these command characters back
to you. After receiving a [, the Stat 296 stores all subsequent characters in a
30-character command buffer and directly echoes these back to you.
13
STAT 296
5.3 Command-Line Format
This is the command-line format for commands directed to the local modem
and to the local Stat 296:
AT modem commands . . . [ local Stat 296 commands . . . <CR>
The Stat 296 first executes its commands and returns a result code. Then the
modem receives a <CR>, executes its commands, and returns its result code.
This is the command line format for commands directed to the remote Stat
296:
[email protected] Stat 296 commands . . . <CR>
The remote Stat 296 executes its commands and returns a result code.
5.4 Command Guidelines
Here are some guidelines for entering commands:
1. Each command line must end with <CR> (press the RETURN key). The
Stat 296 does not begin command execution until it receives a carriagereturn character. When you enable modem commands AT[M1, the
attached modem also receives the carriage-return character, and then the
modem will interpret its commands.
2. If you made an error while keying a command, you can edit your entry
before you press the RETURN key. Pressing the BACKSPACE key
normally deletes the last character entered. By pressing the BACKSPACE
key repeatedly, the entire command line may be deleted, except the AT
command at the beginning of the command line.
NOTE: Not all modems support the backspace-edit function.
3. Many commands require a numeric parameter. If you omit this
parameter, it will be assumed to be zero.
4. The command buffer is 30 characters long. If a command line exceeds
30 characters, the Stat 296 aborts execution of the command line and
displays an error reply code. This code will appear before you press the
RETURN key.
14
CHAPTER 5: Command Set
5.5 The AT Command Set Recognized by the Stat 296
The Stat 296 command set has two types of commands: mode-setting
commands and channel-configuration commands. All the commands take
immediate effect when you press the RETURN key. Most also have a
permanent effect, and are saved in nonvolatile memory.
5.5.1 MODE-SETTING COMMANDS
The mode setting commands select operating modes and parameter values
for the Stat 296.
Table 5-1. The Mode-Setting Commands.
Command
Function
An
Enables or disables answer only operation. If enabled, the Stat 296
does not originate communication with a remote unit. This prevents
the unit from sending data to an attached modem until a connection
exists. You should not enable this feature unless the modem
answering an incoming call disconnects because of data from its
attached Stat 296. A better solution is to disable the disconnect
feature of the modem.
A0 = disable answer only
A1 = enable answer only
This has the effect that the unit does not send request for
connection to a remote unit. It only responds to a remote unit's
requests. Thus, it does not send data to a modem until a remote
Stat 296 speaks to it. Both Stat 296 units must not have A1 set,
or neither will ever connect to the other. Also, a unit in command
mode with A1 set will never connect to the remote, effectively
disabling remote configuration of the other unit.
AT
Attention: this command line prefix. precedes all other
commands.
15
STAT 296
Table 5-1. The Mode-Setting Commands (continued).
16
Command
Function
[
Directs the local Stat 296 to execute the following commands. The
Stat 296 ignores all characters before the [, unless it
has a connection to a remote Stat 296 or you have enabled
modem commands.
@
Directs the remote Stat 296 to execute the following commands.
The remote Stat 296 responds to all the commands after the @
and returns a result code. The local unit does not
process the following commands. The @ command must
immediately follow the AT, the local Stat 296 must have a
connection to the remote Stat 296, and the remote Stat 296 must
not be in Local Command Mode.
Cn
Selects channel number for subsequent channel-configuration
commands. At each command line, selection reverts to the
default.
0 = deselects any channel
1 = Channel 1
2 = Channel 2
3 = Communication link (modem)
En
Command-mode data echoed back to Channel 1.
1 = echo on
0 = echo off
CHAPTER 5: Command Set
Table 5-1. The Mode-Setting Commands (continued).
Command
Function
Kn
Sets the command to activity kill timer, in one quarter minute
increments. Valid values are 0 through 7.
K0 = 2 minutes
K1 = 1/4 minute
K2 = 1/2 minute
Kx = x/4 minutes
K0 is the default, resulting in a command mode timeout of about
110 seconds. The timer starts running when the “T” key of the “AT”
command is keyed. Thus, this should not be set too short, or
timeouts will occur while still entering a command.
Mn
Enables or disables modem commands. Enabled commands go to
the attached modem and the local Stat 296. Disabled commands
go to the local Stat 296 and possibly a remote Stat 296. If the
modem is not in Command Mode, it might not echo your key
entries. Whenever you go on-line, selection reverts to the default.
M1 does not echo online request form the remote Stat 296, and it
resets when the command mode times out.
M0 = disable (default)
M1 = enable
O
Return to on-line Data Mode (command for local unit only). If you
have enabled multiplexer operation, the Stat 296 waits for a
connection to the remote Stat 296.
Qn
Format of result codes sent to Channel 1.
0 = word codes (default)
1 = digit codes
2 = result codes not sent
17
STAT 296
Table 5-1. The Mode-Setting Commands (continued).
Command
Function
Tn
Enter Local Loopback Data Mode (local unit only). Each
channel echoes received data back to itself. To stop this test,
enter the escape code (\\\), or power down the Stat 296.
0 = no test
1 = run loopback test (default)
V0
View the selected channel’s configuration
(last Cn command).
V1
View the current operation mode for the Stat 296.
Yn
Enable or disable multiplexor operation (local unit only). If disabled,
the Stat 296 logically connects Channel 1 to the communication
link, and disables Channel 2. You can then use the attached
modem or serial device for any single-channel purpose without
physically disconnecting the Stat 296.
0 = disable multiplexor
1 = enable multiplexor (default)
Z
Software reset. All modes and channel configurations revert to
default values.
5.5.2 CHANNEL CONFIGURATION COMMANDS
The following commands change the configuration of the channel that you
last selected with the Cn command. The Cn command must be in the
command line precede a channel configuration command.
18
CHAPTER 5: Command Set
Table 5-2. The Channel-Configuration Commands.
Command
Function
Bn
0 = autoselect (default)
1 = 110
2 = 300
3 = 1200
Select baud rate for the channel (in bps)
4 = 2400
5 = 4800
6 = 9600
In
Select signal for hardware flow control of data to
the peripheral. The peripheral must be
configured to activate this signal when its
Receive buffer is about to fill, and must have
enough buffer capacity for end-to-end round-trip
delay.
0 = none
1 = DTR/CTS enabled (default)
Ln
Select data length for the channel.
0 = 7 bits data
1 = 8 bits data (default)
Pn
Select parity for the channel.
0 = no parity
1 = odd parity
2 = even parity
Sn
Selects the number of stop bits for the channel.
1 = 1 stop bit (default)
0 = 2 stop bits
19
STAT 296
6. Quick Configuration
6.1 Introduction
This chapter describes how to set up and configure the Stat 296 Muxes,
connect them to the modems, and establish a data session between the endpoint terminals. Follow the Easy Set-Up procedure below:
6.2 Configuring the Modems and Terminals
Verify the modem and terminal configurations, flow-control methods, data
rates, number of parity bits and stop bits, and duplex mode.
1. Configure the Modem for hardware flow control.
6.3 Connecting the Stat 296
1. Make the line connection between the terminal and Port 1 of the Stat 296
(see Section 2.3).
2. Plug the Stat 296 into the Modem (see Section 2.1).
6.4 Configuring the Stat 296 Multiplexors
1. The autodetect features on the Stat 296 will automatically configure to
match the word length, parity, and number of stop bits of the connected
device. The default flow-control method is DTR/CTS, and each channel
is given equal priority.
1. Since modems typically have autobaud serial ports, you will have to set the
bit rate of the composite channel (Channel 3) of the Stat 296 to the
desired bit rate for the modem.
2. Press <RETURN> 5 or 6 times. The Stat 296 should now be in Command
Mode (see Section 4.2.1).
3. Enter the AT command to change the bit rate of the composite channel.
For example, if the bit rate on the modem is 9600 bps, type:
AT[C3B6 <RETURN>
NOTE: if your bit rate is different, see Section 5.5.2.
20
CHAPTER 6: Quick Configuration
4. Disconnect the first Stat 296 from the terminal and modem. Connect the
second Stat 296, and repeat Steps 2 and 3 above to set the compositechannel bit rate.
6.5 Establishing the Connection Between the Modems.
1. With the Stat 296 in its default configuration, you can send commands to
the modem. Enter the the following:
AT[M1 <RETURN>
NOTE: See Section 5.5.1 for mode-setting commands.
2. After an OK response from the modem, you can establish the session
between the modems. Refer to your modem user’s manual to determine
how to establish the session.
6.6 Entering Stat 296 Data Mode
After you have established the session between modems, the Stat 296 will be
in Command mode. You now need to enter Data Mode. Type the following
command to Channel 1 on each Stat 296.
AT[O <RETURN>
6.7 Data/File Transfer
You should now be up and running on all four Stat 296 subchannels. If you
have problems, please review the commands for viewing your configuration.
If you are unable to resolve these problems, call your dealer or Technical
Support.
21
STAT 296
Appendix: Cabling
Connect to Sub-Channels (Serial Devices)
The two asynchronous, serial sub-channels on the Stat 296 are RJ-45 female
ports that conform to the EIA/TIA-561 interface. These ports connect to the
two serial devices to be multiplexed through the main RS-232 port of the Stat
296. You may connect any combination of RS-232 devices to the Stat 296's
sub-channels: PCs, terminals, printers, laptops, Macintosh® computers,
plotters, etc.
Regardless of the serial devices you choose to connect to Channels 1 and 2
(the Stat 296's sub-channels), you will need a special interface cable for each
device. the interface cable must have an RJ-45 male plug on one end, and
whatever connector mates with your RS-232 serial device at the other end.
The following diagrams show pin connections between the Stat 296's subchannels and common RS-232 serial interfaces.
DCE/DTE Conversion
Each serial device that interfaces with the Stat 296's sub-channels will be
either a DTE (Data Terminal Equipment) or a DCE (Data Commuications
Equipment) device, depending upon which pins are designated “transmit
data” and “receive data.” Normally, you’d need a null-modem cable (pins
swapped) to allow both kinds of devices to commuicate with the
Stat 296. However, the Stat 296 has a special circuit that discerns whether a
connected device is DTE or DCE, and routes the signals properly. Therefore,
the same interface cable will work for both DTE and DCE devices.
Serial DB25
Pin No.
Stat 296
Pin No.
20 (DTR) ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------3
7 (SG) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4
3 (RX Data) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------5
2 (TX Data)-------------------------------------------------------------------------------6
5 (CTS)------------------------------------------------------------------------------------7
Figure A-1. PC/XT™ or Serial Printer to Stat 296 Pinouts.
22
APPENDIX: Cabling
Serial DB9
Pin No.
Stat 296
Pin No.
4 (DTR) ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------3
5 (SG) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4
2 (RCV Data) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------5
3 (TX Data) -----------------------------------------------------------------------------6
8 (CTS) ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------7
Figure A-2. AT to Stat 296 Pinouts.
Serial RJ-45
Pin No.
Stat 296
Pin No.
1 (DTR)-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------3
3 (SG) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4
5 (TX Data)------------------------------------------------------------------------------5
6 (RCV Data) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------6
7 (CTS)-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------7
Figure A-3. EIA/TIA 561 to Stat 296 Pinouts.
Connect ot Sub-Channels (Serial Devices)
The two asynchronous, serial sub-channels on the Stat 296 are RJ-45 female
ports that conform to the EIA/TIA-561 interface. These ports connect to the
two serial devices to be multiplexed through the main RS-232 port of the Stat
296. You may connect any combination of RS-232 devices to the Stat 296's
sub-channels: PCs, terminals, printers, laptops, Macintosh® computers,
plotters, etc. Regardless of the serial devices you choose to connect to
Channels 1 and 2 (the Stat 296's sub-channels), you will need a special
interface cable for each device. the interface cable must have an RJ-45 male
plug on one end, and whatever connector mates with your RS-232 serial
device at the other end. The following diagrams show pin connections
between the Stat 296's sub-channels and common RS-232 serial interfaces.
DCE/DTE Conversion
Each serial device that interfaces with the Stat 296's sub-channels will be
either a DTE (Data Terminal Equipment) or a DCE (Data Commuications
Equipment) device, depending upon which pins are designated “transmit
data” and “receive data.” Normally, you’d need a null-modem cable (pins
swapped) to allow both kinds of devices to commuicate with the
Stat 296. However, the Stat 296 has a special circuit that discerns whether a
connected device is DTE or DCE, and routes the signals properly. Therefore,
the same interface cable will work for both DTE and DCE devices.
23
NAME
24
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