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The Facts on LATCH
What is LATCH? (Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children)
LATCH is a new system that makes child safety seat installation easier-without using seat belts.
LATCH is required on most child safety seats and vehicles manufactured after September 1, 2002.
LATCH is not required for booster seats, car beds and vests.
How does LATCH work?
LATCH-equipped vehicles have at least two sets of small
bars, called anchors, located in the back seat where the
cushions meet. LATCH-equipped child safety seats have a
lower set of attachments that fasten to these vehicle anchors.
Most forward-facing child safety seats also have a top strap
(top tether) that attaches to a top anchor in the vehicle.
Together, they make up the LATCH system.
How do you install a LATCH-equipped child seat?
1. ALWAYS read and follow the vehicle owners manual and
child safety seat manufacturers instructions for correct installation and proper use.
2. Fasten the child safety seats lower attachments to the vehicle’s lower anchors. Tighten and
adjust according to the instructions and check for a secure fit.
3. Attach the child safety seat's top tether to the vehicle's top anchor and pull to tighten. The child
safety seat should not move more than an inch forward or sideways. NOTE: Tethers are not used
on most rear-facing child safety seats.
NOTE: Most vehicles will have lower anchors in the left and right rear seat positions. If there aren't
anchors in the center seat position, you can still safely install any child safety seat using the vehicle safety
What if a child safety seat isn't LATCH-equipped?
These seats must meet the same high standards and are safe if: they are installed according to the
vehicle owners manual and child safety seat manufacturer’s instructions; haven't been recalled; and
haven't been damaged. Child safety seats that don't have LATCH should be installed using safety belts
even in LATCH-equipped vehicles.
What if a vehicle isn't LATCH-equipped?
Any child safety seat, even one with LATCH, can be safely installed using a safety belt and, if
available, a top tether, following the vehicle owners manual and child safety seat manufacturer’s
instructions. If the vehicle doesn't have a top anchor, contact the manufacturer or dealership to see if
it can be retrofitted.
Remember, children are safest when properly restrained in the back seat.
For a child safety seat inspection by a certified technician, caIl 1.866.SEAT.CHECK or
visit www.seatcheck.org. For more information, visit www.nhtsa.gov.
Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 2002.
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