Reactive Energy Management Low Voltage Components Catalogue 2010

Reactive Energy Management Low Voltage Components Catalogue 2010
Energy management
Reactive Energy Management
Low Voltage Components
Catalogue
2010
Reactive Energy
Management
Main contents
Power Factor Correction guideline
Low Voltage capacitors
1
2
3-9
Detuned reactors
10-11
Power Factor controllers
12-13
Contactors
14-15
Appendix
16-18
Power Factor
Correction
guideline
Construction of references
Principle
Capacitors
BL R_ V C
S
D
Y
_
Construction Range
C = Can
SDY SDuty
HH1 Harmonic HDuty 5.67 or 7%
1
2
5
Power
E.g.: 125 = 12.5 kvar
X00 = 100 kvar
A
Frequency
A: 50 Hz
B: 60 Hz
4
0
_
3
Voltage
Number of phases
E.g.: 40 = 400 V 1: single phase
3: three-phase
Example:
BLR_VBSDY_125A40_3 = VarplusBox Standard Duty, 12.5kvar,
50Hz, 400V, 3-phase.
2
Low Voltage
capacitors
VarplusCan
Aluminum can capacitors specially designed
and engineered to deliver a long working life
with low losses in standard, heavy-duty
and severe operating conditions. Suitable
for Fixed and Automatic PFC, real time
compensation, detuned and tuned filters.
Main features
Easy installation & maintenance
• Optimized design for low weight, compactness and reliability
to ensure easy installation.
• Unique termination system that allows maintained tightening.
• 1 point for mounting and earthing.
• Vertical and horizontal position.
PE90131
Safety
• Self-healing.
• Pressure-sensitive disconnector on all three phases.
• Discharge resistors fitted.
• Finger-proof CLAMPTITE terminals to reduce risk of accidental
contact and to ensure firm termination (≥ 5 kvar).
• Special film resistivity and metallization profile for higher thermal
efficiency, lower temperature rise and enhanced life expectancy.
Compacity
• Optimized geometric design (small dimensions and low weight).
• Available on request in single phase.
For professionnals
• High life expectancy up to 160,000 hours
• Very high overload capabilities and good thermal and mechanical
properties.
• Economic benefits due to its compact size.
• Easy maintenance.
• Unique finger proof termination to ensure tightening.
VarplusCan
3
Low Voltage
capacitors
VarplusCan
SDuty
Harmonic Energy
PE90154
PE90130
PE90131
PE90132
Harmonic HDuty
+
Construction Extruded aluminium can
Voltage
range
230 V - 690 V
400 V - 600 V
Power range 1 – 50 kvar
(three-phase)
6.5 - 100 kvar
Peak inrush
current
Up to 200 x IS
Up to 250 xls
Overvoltage
1.1 x US
Overcurrent
1.5 x IS
1.8 xls
Mean life
expectancy
Up to 100,000 h
Up to 130,000 h
Safety
Self-healing + pressure-sensitive disconnector + discharge device
Dielectric
Metallized polypropylene
film with Zn/Al alloy
Impregnation
Non-PCB,
Biodegradable resin
Ambient
temperature
-25- Max 55°C/Class D
Protection
IP30 (IP54 on request)
Mounting
1-point mounting
Vertical position
Terminals
• Double fast-on + cable (≤ 10 kvar)
• CLAMPTITE - Three-phase terminal with electric shock protection (finger-proof)
1-point mounting
Any position
4
Low Voltage
capacitors
VarplusCan SDuty
A safe, reliable and high-performance solution
for power factor correction in standard
operating conditions.
Operating conditions
•
•
•
•
•
For networks with insignificant non-linear loads: (NLL ≤ 10%).
Standard voltage disturbances.
Standard operating temperature up to 55°C.
Normal switching frequency up to 5 000 /year.
Maximum current (including harmonics) is 1.5 x IS.
PE90131
PE90130
Technology
Constructed internally with three single-phase capacitor elements
assembled in an optimized design. Each capacitor element is
manufactured with metallized polypropylene film as the dielectric having
features such as heavy edge metallization and special profiles which
enhance the “self-healing” properties.
The active capacitor elements are encapsulated in a specially
formulated biodegradable, non-PCB, PUR (soft) resin which ensures
thermal stability and heat removal from inside the capacitor.
The unique finger-proof CLAMPTITE termination is fully integrated
with discharge resistors and allows suitable access to tightening
and ensures cable termination without any loose connections.
Once tightened, the design guarantees that the tightening torque
is always maintained.
For lower ratings, double fast-on terminals with wires are provided.
Benefits
VarplusCan SDuty
5
• Safety:
- Self-healing.
- Pressure-sensitive disconnector on all three phases.
- Discharge resistor.
• Life expectancy up to 100,000 hours.
• Economic benefits and easy installation due to its compact size
and low weight.
• Easy maintenance thanks to its unique finger-proof termination
to ensure tightening.
• Also available in single-phase and small power ratings from 1 to 5 kvar.
Low Voltage
capacitors
Technical specifications
General characteristics
Standards
Voltage range
Frequency
Power range
Losses (dielectric)
Losses (total)
Capacitance tolerance
Voltage test
Between terminals
Between terminal
& container
Discharge resistor
Working conditions
Ambient temperature
Humidity
Altitude
Overvoltage
Overcurrent
Peak inrush current
Switching operations (max.)
Mean Life expectancy
Harmonic content
Installation characteristics
Mounting position
Fastening
Earthing
Terminals
Safety features
Safety
Protection
Construction
Casing
Dielectric
Impregnation
IEC 60831-1/-2
230 to 690 V
50 / 60 Hz
1 to 50 kvar
< 0.2 W / kvar
< 0.5 W / kvar
- 5 %, + 10 %
2.15 x US (AC), 10 s
≤ 660 V – 3 kV(AC), 10 s
> 660 V – 6 kV(AC), 10 s
Fitted, standard discharge time 60 s
Discharge time 180 s on request
- 25 / 55°C (Class D)
95 %
4,000 m above sea level
1.1 x US Continuous
Up to 1.5 x IS
200 x IS
Up to 5 ,000 switching operations per year
Up to 100,000 hrs
NLL ≤ 10%
Indoor, vertical position
Threaded M12 stud at the bottom
CLAMPTITE - three-way terminal with
electric shock protection (finger-proof)
& double fast-on terminal in lower kvar
Self-healing + Pressure-sensitive
disconnector + Discharge device
IP30 (IP54 on request)
Extruded Aluminium Can
Metallized polypropylene film
with Zn/Al alloy.
Biodegradable, Non-PCB,
PUR (soft) resin
6
VarplusCan Harmonic HDuty
Low Voltage
capacitors
This harmonic rated range of capacitors is
dedicated to applications where a high number
of non-linear loads are present (NLL up to
30%). These capacitors are designed for use
with detuned reactors, based on the Heavy
Duty technology.
Operating conditions
•
•
•
•
•
For networks with a large number of non-linear loads (NLL < 30%).
For use with detuned reactors.
Heavy-duty, harmonic rated capacitors.
Significant voltage disturbances.
Very frequent switching operations up to 10,000/year.
Rated voltage
PE90154
PE90131
In a detuned filter application, the voltage across the capacitors is higher
than the nominal system voltage. Then, capacitors must be designed to
withstand higher voltages.
Depending on the selected tuning frequency, part of the harmonic
currents is absorbed by the detuned capacitor bank. Then, capacitors
must be designed to withstand higher currents, combining fundamental
and harmonic currents.
The rated voltage of VarplusCan Harmonic HDuty capacitors is given
in the table below, for different values of network service voltage and
relative impedance.
+
Rated voltage (V)
Relative impedance (%)
Detuned reactor
7
VarplusCan HDuty
5.67
7
14
Network service voltage (US)
50Hz
60Hz
400
690
400
480
600
480
880
480
580
760
530
530
Low Voltage
capacitors
Technical specifications
General characteristics
Standards
Voltage range
Frequency
Power range
Losses (dielectric)
Losses (total)
Capacitance tolerance
Voltage test
Between terminals
Between terminal
& container
Discharge resistor
Working conditions
Ambient temperature
Humidity
Altitude
Overvoltage
Overcurrent
Peak inrush current
Switching operations (max.)
Mean Life expectancy
Harmonic content
Installation characteristics
Mounting position
Connection
Fastening
Earthing
Terminals
Safety features
Safety
Protection
Construction
Casing
Dielectric
Impregnation
IEC 60831-1/-2
380 to 690 V
50 / 60 Hz
6.5 to 25 kvar
< 0.2 W / kvar
< 0.5 W / kvar
- 5 %, + 10 %
2.15 x US (AC), 10 s
≤ 660 V – 3 kV(AC), 10 s
> 660 V – 6 kV(AC), 10 s
Fitted, standard discharge time 60 s
Discharge time 180 s on request
- 25 / 55°C (Class D)
95 %
4,000 m above sea level
1.1 x US Continuous
Up to 1.8 x IS
250 x IS
Up to 7,000 switching operations per year
Up to 130,000 hrs
NLL ≤ 20%
Indoor, Vertical position
Single- & Three-phase
Threaded M12 stud at the bottom
CLAMPTITE - three-way terminal with
electric shock protection (finger-proof)
& double fast-on terminal in lower kvar
Self-healing + Pressure-sensitive
disconnector + Discharge device
IP30 (IP54 on request)
Extruded Aluminium Can
Metallized polypropylene film
with Zn/Al alloy. Special resistivity
& profile, special edge (wave-cut)
Non-PCB, PUR resin (Dry)
8
VarplusCan mechanical characteristics
Low Voltage
capacitors
1
Case Code: MC, NC, RC & SC
+5
Finger proof
CLAMPTITE terminal
In-built resistor type
d
h+3
h+3 + a (expansion)
h+3 + t
(t)
d
1
15
Tightening
Torque = 2.5 Nm
VarplusCan MC, NC, RC & SC
1
+5
1
M12
M1
M
2
1
15
16 + 1
d
F
Finger
proof
CLAMPTITE terminal
C
In-built resistor type
h+3
h+3 + a (expansion)
h+3 + t
(t)
d
13 mm
13 mm
max. 12 mm
Mounting details (for M12 mounting stud)
Toothed washer
Hex nut
15
6+1
16
M12
M
M1
2
Creepage distance
Clearance
Expansion (a)
Torque
Toothed washer
Hex nut
Terminal screw
Terminal assembly Ht. (t)
Case
code
MC
NC
RC
SC
Diameter d
(mm)
75
75
90
90
T = 10 Nm
J12.5 DIN 6797
BM12 DIN 439
M5
30 mm
Height h
(mm)
203
278
212
278
Height h+t
(mm)
233
308
242
308
Weight
(kg)
1.2
1.3
1.6
2.3
Height h+t
(mm)
242
308
242
Weight
(kg)
2.5
3.5
3.2
Case Code: TC, UC & VC
Creepage distance
Clearance
Expansion (a)
13 mm
13 mm
max. 12 mm
Mounting details (for M12 mounting stud)
Toothed washer
Hex nut
Torque
Toothed washer
Hex nut
Terminal screw
Terminal assembly Ht. (t)
T = 10 Nm
J12.5 DIN 6797
BM12 DIN 439
M5
30 mm
15
Tightening
Torque = 2.5 Nm
VarplusCan TC, UC & VC
9
Case
code
TC
UC
VC
Diameter d
(mm)
116
116
136
Height h
(mm)
212
278
212
Detuned
reactors
Detuned reactors
PE90154
The detuned reactors (DR) are designed
to protect the capacitors by preventing
amplification of the harmonics present
on the network.
Operating conditions
• Use: indoor
• Storage temperature: - 40°C, + 60°C
• Relative humidity in operation: 20-80%
• Salt spray withstand: 250 hours (for 400 V - 50 Hz range).
• Operating temperature
- Altitude: ≤ 1000 m: Min = 0°C, Max = 55°C,
highest average over 1 year = 40°C, 24 hours = 50°C.
- Altitude: ≤ 2000 m: Min = 0°C, Max = 50°C,
highest average over 1 year = 35°C, 24 hours = 45°C.
Installation guidelines
• Forced ventilation required.
• Vertical detuned reactor winding for better heat dissipation.
Detuned reactors ref.51••• or 52•••
As the detuned reactor is provided with thermal protection, the normally
closed dry contact must be used to disconnect the step in the event
of overheating.
Technical specifications
General characteristics
Description
Degree of protection
Insulation class
Rated voltage
Tuning order (relative impedance)
Inductance tolerance per phase
Insulation level
Dielectric test 50/60 Hz between
windings and windings/earth
Thermal protection
Three-phase, dry, magnetic circuit,
impregnated
IP00
H
400 to 690 V - 50 Hz
400 to 600 V - 60 Hz
Other voltages on request
4.3 (5.7%), 3.8 (7%), 2.7 (14%)
-5, +5 %
1.1 kV
4 kV, 1 min
Restored on terminal block 250 V AC, 2 A
10
Detuned
reactors
Mechanical characteristics
Detuned reactor references 51•••• or 52•••• are available with padterminals as shown in the drawing below.
H
L
11
P
Power Factor
controllers
Varlogic series
PE90155
The Varlogic controllers permanently monitor
the reactive power of the installation
and control the connection and disconnection
of capacitor steps in order to obtain
the targeted power factor.
Benefits
•
•
•
•
Permanent monitoring of the network and equipment;
Providing information on equipment status;
Alarm signals transmitted in case of anomaly;
Communication by Modbus protocol (Varlogic NRC12).
Simplicity
• Simplified programming and possibility of intelligent self set-up,
• Ergonomic layout of control buttons.
User-friendliness
PE90161
Varlogic RT6/8*/12*
*: on request
The large display allows:
• Direct viewing of installation electrical information and capacitor stage
condition;
• Direct reading of set-up configuration;
• Intuitive browsing in the various menus (indication, commissioning,
configuration);
• Alarm indication.
Performance
• Access to a wealth of network and capacitor bank data;
• New control algorithm designed to reduce the number of switching
operations and quickly attain the targeted power factor.
PE90156
Varlogic NR6/12
Simplified installation and set-up
• Quick and simple mounting and wiring;
• Insensitive to current transformer polarity and phase rotation polarity;
• A special menu allows controller self-configuration.
Monitoring and protection
Alarms
• Should an anomaly occur on the network or the capacitor bank,
alarms are indicated on the screen and alarm contact closure is
initiated;
• The alarm message is maintained on the screen once the fault clears
until it is manually removed.
Protection
•If necessary, the capacitor steps are automatically disconnected to
protect the equipment.
Varlogic NRC12
12
Power Factor
controllers
Technical specifications (global range)
General characteristics
Output relays
AC
DC
Protection Index
Front panel
Rear
Measuring current:
Features
Features
Number of steps
Supply voltage (V AC)
50 / 60 Hz
Display
- 4 digit 7 segment LEDs
- 65 x 21 mm backlit screen
- 55 x 28 mm backlit screen
Dimensions
Flush panel mounting
35 mm DIN rail mounting
(EN 50022)
Operating temperature
Alarm contact
Internal temperature probe
Separate fan relay contact
Alarm history
Type of connection
- phase-to-neutral
- phase-to-phase
Current input
- CT… 10000/5 A
- CT 25/5 A … 6000/5 A
- CT 25/1 A … 6000/5 A
Target cos setting:
- 0.85 ind. … 1
- 0.85 ind. …0.9 cap.
Possibility of a dual cos target
Accuracy
Response delay time
Reconnection delay time
- 10 to 1800 s
- 10 to 600 s
- 10 to 900 s
4-quadrant operation
for generator application
Communication protocol
13
5 A / 120 V
0.3 A / 110 V
2 A / 250 V
0.6 A / 60 V
1 A / 400 V
2 A / 24 V
IP41
IP20
0 to 5 A
RT6
RT6
6*
185 to 265
320 to 460
NR-6/12
NR-6/12
6 / 12
88 to 130
185 to 265
320 to 460
NRC12
NRC12
12
88 to 130
185 to 265
320 to 460
•
•
143x143x67
•
155x158x70
•
•
0°C – 55°C
0°C – 60°C
•
•
155x158x80
•
•
•
Last 5 alarms
0°C – 60°C
•
•
•
Last 5 alarms
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
± 2%
10 to 180 s
•
•
± 2%
10 to 1800 s
± 5%
10 to 120 s
•
•
•
•
Modbus
Contactors
Contactors
PE90157
Special contactors LC1 D•K are designed for
switching 3-phase, single- or multiple-step
capacitor banks. They comply with standards
IEC 60070 and 60831, NFC 54-100, VDE 0560,
UL and CSA.
Operating conditions
There is no need to use choke inductors for either single or multiplestep capacitor banks.
Short-circuit protection must be provided by gI type fuses rated
at 1.7…2 In.
Specification
These contactors are fitted with a block of early make poles and damping
resistors, limiting the value of the current on closing to 60 IS max. This
current limiting increases the life of all the installation’s components,
especially the fuses and capacitors.
Contactor LC1DFK
Technical specifications
PE90158
kvar
Network voltage (V) 50-60Hz
220 - 240
400 - 440
660 - 690
6.7
12.5
18
8.5
16.7
24
10
20
30
15
25
36
20
33.3
48
25
40
58
40
60
92
Part
P
number
LC1
LC
LC1
LC
LC
LC1
LC
LC1
LC
LC1
LC
LC1
LC
LC1
DFK---DGK---DLK---DMK---DPK---DTK---DWK----
Standard control circuit voltages (@ 50/60 Hz) are:
24, 42, 48, 110, 115, 220, 230, 240, 380, 400, 415, 440 V.
Other voltages are available on request.
The power values given in the selection table are for the following
operating conditions:
Prospective peak current LC1
LC D•K
at switch-on
Maximum operating rate
e LC1
LC DFK, DGK, DLK, DMK, DPK
LC
LC1 DTK, DWK
Electrical durability
at nominal load
Al
All contactor ratings
200 In
240 operating
cycles/hour
100 operating
cycles/hour
400 V 300 000
operating cycles
690 V 200 000
operating cycles
14
Contactors
Mechanical characteristics
LC1 DFK, DGK
C
117
122
Type of fixing
LC1 D12
LC1 D18
74
130
LC1
DFK
DGK
c
45
LC1 DLK, DMK
C
117
122
Type of fixing
LC1 D12
LC1 D18
84
140
LC1
DLK
DMK
c
56
LC1 DPK, DTK
127
Type of fixing
LC1 D40
LC1 D50
180
LC1
DPK
DTK
150
75
LC1 DWK
Type of fixing
LC1 D80
127
200
LC1
DWK
157
15
85
Appendix
Influence of harmonics in electrical
installations
Definition of harmonics
The presence of harmonics in electrical systems means that current and
voltage are distorted and deviate from sinusoidal waveforms.
Since the harmonics are caused by nonlinear loads, an indicator for the magnitude
of harmonics is the ratio of the total power
of non-linear loads to the power supply
transformer rating.
This ratio is denoted NLL, and is also known
as Gh/Sn:
NLL = Total power of non-linear loads (Gh)/
Installed transformer rating (Sn)
Example:
• Power supply transformer rating: Sn = 630 kVA
• Total power of non-linear loads: Gh = 150 kVA
• NLL = (150/630) x 100 = 24%.
Harmonic currents are currents circulating in the networks and whose frequency is an integer multiple of the supply frequency.
Harmonic currents are caused by non-linear loads connected to the distribution system. A load is said to be non-linear when the current it draws
does not have the same waveform as the supply voltage. The flow of
harmonic currents through system impedances in turn creates voltage
harmonics, which distort the supply voltage.
The most common non-linear loads generating harmonic currents use
power electronics, such as variable speed drives, rectifiers, inverters, etc.
Loads such as saturable reactors, welding equipment, and arc furnaces
also generate harmonics. Other loads such as inductors, resistors and
capacitors are linear loads and do not generate harmonics.
Effects of harmonics
Capacitors are particularly sensitive to harmonic currents since
their impedance decreases proportionally to the order of the existing
harmonics.
This can result in capacitor overload, constantly shortening its operating
life. In some extreme situations, resonance can occur, resulting in an
amplification of harmonic currents and a very high voltage distortion.
To ensure good and proper operation of the electrical installation,
the harmonic level must be taken into account in selecting power factor
correction equipment. A significant parameter is the cumulated power of
the non-linear loads generating harmonic currents.
16
Appendix
Safety features
(a)
(b)
Figure 1 - (a) Metal layer - (b) Polypropylene film
Self-healing is a process by which the capacitor restores itself
in the event of a fault in the dielectric which can happen during
high overloads, voltage transients etc.
When insulation breaks down, a short duration arc is formed (figure 1
The intense heat generated by this arc causes the metallization
in the vicinity of the arc to vaporise (figure 2).
Figure 2
Simultaneously it re-insulates the electrodes and maintains the operation
and integrity of the capacitor (figure 3).
Figure 3
Pressure Sensitive Disconnector (also called ‘tear-off fuse’): this is
provided in each phase of the capacitor and enables safe disconnection
and electrical isolation at the end of the life of the capacitor.
Malfunction will cause rising pressure inside the can. Pressure can only
lead to vertical expansion by bending lid outwards. Connecting wires
break at intended spots. Capacitor is disconnected irreversibly.
Cross-section view of a three-phase capacitor after Pressure Sensitive Device
operated: bended lid and disconnected wires
17
Appendix
Part Number
VarplusCan SDuty
50 Hz
Networkk
volgtage
Us (V)
380/
400/
415
kvar
380V
13.5
18.1
22.6
27
36
45
415V
16.1
21.5
26.9
32
43
54
400V
15
20
25
30
40
50
μF S
(x3)
IS ((A)
Case
code
Part number
99
133
166
199
265
332
22
29
36
43
58
72
NC
SC
SC
BLR_VCSDY_150A40_3
BLR_VCSDY_200A40_3
BLR_VCSDY_250A40_3
On request
On request
On request
VarplusCan Harmonic HDuty
50 Hz
Network
voltage
Us (V)
380/400/
415
Detuning
factor (%)
kvar
Capacitor
part number
Case
code
D.R.
part number
7
25
BLR_VCHH1_250A40_3
VC
52353
Detuned Reactors
50 Hz
Voltage Tuning
T
kvar Ind
Inductance
factor (%)
(mH) x 3
7
25
1.5
400
50
0.75
100 0.37
IS
(A)
36
73
146
W
(mm))
240
260
380
W1
(mm)
(m
205
205
205
D
(mm)
140
160
220
D1
D
(mm)
(m )
110
120
120
H
(
(mm)
)
230
270
330
Weight
We
(kg)
(kg
18
27
42
Part
Pa number
52353
52354
51569
Varlogic Series
Type
No. of step output contacts
Part Number
NR6
NR12
NRC12
6
12
12
52448
52449
52450
Contactors
kvar
Network voltage (V) 50-60Hz
400 - 440
220 - 240
6.7
12.5
8.5
16.7
10
20
15
25
20
33.3
25
40
40
60
Part Number
660 - 690
18
24
30
36
48
58
92
LC1 DFK--LC1 DGK--LC1 DLK--LC1 DMK--LC1 DPK--LC1 DTK--LC1 DWK---
Standard control circuit voltages (@ 50/60 Hz) are: 24, 42, 48, 110, 115, 220, 230, 240, 380, 400,
415, 440 V. Other voltages are available on request.
18
Dealer
SEHK/DOC/LV01
09/2010
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