TTI03430106
LM124, LM124A, LM224, LM224A
LM324, LM324A, LM324Y, LM2902, LM2902Q
QUADRUPLE OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS
SLOS066B – SEPTEMBER 1975 – REVISED MARCH 1994
•
•
•
•
1OUT
1IN –
1IN+
VCC
2IN+
2IN –
2OUT
14
2
13
3
12
4
11
5
10
6
9
7
8
4OUT
4IN –
4IN+
GND
3IN+
3IN –
3OUT
LM124, LM124A . . . FK PACKAGE
(TOP VIEW)
1IN+
NC
VCC
NC
2IN+
4
3 2 1 20 19
18
5
17
6
16
7
15
8
14
9 10 11 12 13
4IN+
NC
GND
NC
3IN+
2IN –
2OUT
NC
3OUT
3IN –
description
These devices consist of four independent
high-gain frequency-compensated operational
amplifiers that are designed specifically to operate
from a single supply over a wide range of voltages.
Operation from split supplies is also possible
when the difference between the two supplies is
3 V to 30 V (for the LM2902 and LM2902Q, 3 V to
26 V) and VCC is at least 1.5 V more positive than
the input common-mode voltage. The low supply
current drain is independent of the magnitude of
the supply voltage.
1
1IN –
1OUT
NC
4OUT
4IN –
•
LM124, LM224A . . . J OR W PACKAGE
ALL OTHERS . . . D, DB, J, N OR PW PACKAGE
(TOP VIEW)
NC – No internal connection
symbol (each amplifier)
IN –
OUT
IN +
+
•
Wide Range of Supply Voltages:
Single Supply . . . 3 V to 30 V
(LM2902 and LM2902Q
3 V to 26 V), or Dual Supplies
Low Supply Current Drain Independent of
Supply Voltage . . . 0.8 mA Typ
Common-Mode Input Voltage Range
Includes Ground Allowing Direct Sensing
Near Ground
Low Input Bias and Offset Parameters:
Input Offset Voltage . . . 3 mV Typ
A Versions . . . 2 mV Typ
Input Offset Current . . . 2 nA Typ
Input Bias Current . . . 20 nA Typ
A Versions . . . 15 nA Typ
Differential Input Voltage Range Equal to
Maximum-Rated Supply Voltage . . . 32 V
(26 V for LM2902 and LM2902Q)
Open-Loop Differential Voltage
Amplification . . . 100 V/mV Typ
Internal Frequency Compensation
–
•
Applications include transducer amplifiers, dc amplification blocks, and all the conventional operational amplifier
circuits that now can be more easily implemented in single-supply-voltage systems. For example, the LM124
can be operated directly from the standard 5-V supply that is used in digital systems and easily provides the
required interface electronics without requiring additional ± 15-V supplies.
The LM2902Q is manufactured to demanding automotive requirements.
The LM124 and LM124A are characterized for operation over the full military temperature range of – 55°C to
125°C. The LM224 and LM224A are characterized for operation from – 25°C to 85°C. The LM324 and LM324A
are characterized for operation from 0°C to 70°C. The LM2902 and LM2902Q are characterized for operation
from – 40°C to 105°C.
Copyright  1994, Texas Instruments Incorporated
PRODUCTION DATA information is current as of publication date.
Products conform to specifications per the terms of Texas Instruments
standard warranty. Production processing does not necessarily include
testing of all parameters.
POST OFFICE BOX 655303
• DALLAS, TEXAS 75265
2–1
LM124, LM124A, LM224, LM224A
LM324, LM324A, LM324Y, LM2902, LM2902Q
QUADRUPLE OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS
SLOS066B – SEPTEMBER 1975 – REVISED MARCH 1994
AVAILABLE OPTIONS
PACKAGED DEVICES
CHIP
FORM
(Y)
TA
VIOmax
AT 25°C
SMALL
OUTLINE
(D)†
VERY SMALL
OUTLINE
(DB)‡
CHIP
CARRIER
(FK)
CERAMIC
DIP
(J)
PLASTIC
DIP
(N)
TSSOP
(PW)‡
FLAT
PACK
(W)
0°C to
70°C
7 mV
3 mV
LM324D
LM324AD
LM324DBLE
—
—
—
LM324N
LM324AN
LM324PWLE
LM324APWLE
—
LM324Y
25°C to
85°C
5 mV
3 mV
LM224D
LM224AD
—
—
—
LM224N
LM224AN
—
—
—
– 40°C to
105°C
7 mV
V
LM2902D
LM2902QD
LM2902DBLE
—
—
LM2902N
LM2902QN
LM2902PWLE
—
—
– 55°C to
125°C
5 mV
2 mV
—
—
LM124FK
LM124AFK
LM124J
LM124AJ
—
—
LM124W
† The D package is available taped and reeled. Add the suffix R to the device type (e.g., LM324DR).
‡ The DB and PW packages are only available left-end taped and reeled.
schematic (each amplifier)
VCC
≈ 6-µA
Current
Regulator
≈ 6-µA
Current
Regulator
≈ 100-µA
Current
Regulator
OUT
IN –
≈ 50-µA
Current
Regulator
IN +
GND
To Other
Amplifiers
COMPONENT COUNT
(total device)
Epi-FET
Transistors
Diodes
Resistors
Capacitors
2–2
POST OFFICE BOX 655303
1
95
4
11
4
• DALLAS, TEXAS 75265
—
LM124, LM124A, LM224, LM224A
LM324, LM324A, LM324Y, LM2902, LM2902Q
QUADRUPLE OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS
SLOS066B – SEPTEMBER 1975 – REVISED MARCH 1994
LM324Y chip information
This chip, when properly assembled, displays characteristics similar to the LM324. Thermal compression or
ultrasonic bonding may be used on the doped-aluminum bonding pads. Chips may be mounted with conductive
epoxy or a gold-silicon preform.
BONDING PAD ASSIGNMENTS
(1)
(14)
(13)
(2)
1IN+
1IN–
62
(3)
(12)
(4)
(11)
(5)
(10)
VCC+
(4)
(3)
(1)
(2)
1OUT
(5)
(7)
2OUT
(10)
3IN+
(9)
3IN–
(14)
4OUT
(11)
2IN+
(6)
2IN–
(8)
3OUT
(12)
4IN+
(13)
4IN–
GND
CHIP THICKNESS: 15 TYPICAL
BONDING PADS: 4 × 4 MINIMUM
(6)
(9)
(7)
TJmax = 150°C
TOLERANCES ARE ± 10%.
(8)
ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILS.
65
PIN (11) IS INTERNALLY CONNECTED
TO BACKSIDE OF CHIP.
POST OFFICE BOX 655303
• DALLAS, TEXAS 75265
2–3
LM124, LM124A, LM224, LM224A
LM324, LM324A, LM324Y, LM2902, LM2902Q
QUADRUPLE OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS
SLOS066B – SEPTEMBER 1975 – REVISED MARCH 1994
absolute maximum ratings over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted)†
LM124, LM124A
LM224, LM224A
LM324, LM324A
LM2902,
LM2902Q
UNIT
32
26
V
Supply voltage, VCC (see Note 1)
± 32
± 26
V
Input voltage, VI (either input)
– 0.3 to 32
– 0.3 to 26
V
Duration of output short circuit (one amplifier) to ground at (or below) TA = 25°C,
VCC ≤ 15 V (see Note 3)
unlimited
unlimited
Differential input voltage, VID (see Note 2)
Continuous total dissipation
See Dissipation Rating Table
O
i free-air
f
i temperature range,
range TA
Operating
LM124, LM124A
– 55 to 125
LM224, LM224A
– 25 to 85
LM324, LM324A
0 to 70
LM2902, LM2902Q
Storage temperature range
°C
– 40 to 105
– 65 to 150
Case temperature for 60 seconds
FK package
260
Lead temperature 1,6 mm (1/16 inch) from case for 60 seconds
J or W package
300
– 65 to 150
°C
°C
°C
300
Lead temperature 1,6 mm (1/16 inch) from case for 10 seconds D, DB, N, or PW package
260
260
°C
† Stresses beyond those listed under “absolute maximum ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and
functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated under “recommended operating conditions” is not
implied. Exposure to absolute-maximum-rated conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
NOTES: 1. All voltage values (except differential voltages and VCC specified for the measurement of IOS) are with respect to the network GND.
2. Differential voltages are at IN + with respect to IN –.
3. Short circuits from outputs to VCC can cause excessive heating and eventual destruction.
DISSIPATION RATING TABLE
PACKAGE
TA ≤ 25°C
POWER RATING
DERATING
FACTOR
DERATE
ABOVE TA
TA = 70°C
POWER RATING
TA = 85°C
POWER RATING
TA = 125°C
POWER RATING
N/A
D
900 mW
7.6 mW/°C
32°C
608 mW
494 mW
DB
775 mW
6.2 mW/°C
25°C
496 mW
403 mW
N/A
FK
900 mW
11.0 mW/°C
68°C
880 mW
715 mW
275 mW
J (LM124_ )
900 mW
11.0 mW/°C
68°C
880 mW
715 mW
275 mW
J (all others)
900 mW
8.2 mW/°C
40°C
656 mW
533 mW
N/A
N/A
2–4
N
900 mW
9.2 mW/°C
52°C
736 mW
598 mW
PW
700 mW
5.6 mW/°C
25°C
448 mW
364 mW
N/A
W
900 mW
8.0 mW/°C
37°C
640 mW
520 mW
200 mW
POST OFFICE BOX 655303
• DALLAS, TEXAS 75265
VO = 1
1.4
4V
t MAX
VCC = 5 V to
Input offset current
Input bias current
Common mode
C
Common-mode
d input
i
t
voltage range
IIO
IIB
VICR
30
25°C
VCC = 15 V, VO = 1 V to 11 V,
RL = ≥ 2 kΩ
Large signal differential
Large-signal
voltage amplification
Common-mode rejection ratio
Supply voltage rejection ratio
Supply-voltage
(∆VCC /∆VIO)
Crosstalk attenuation
O utp
t p tu t c u r rt e n t
Short-circuit output current
S
Supply
l currentt (four
(f
amplifiers)
lifi )
AVD
CMRR
kSVR
VO1/ VO2
IO
POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS, TEXAS 75265
IOS
ICC
Full range
Full range
25°C
1.4
0.7
± 40
30
3
1.2
± 60
– 60
20
12
5
10
– 10
– 20
65
65
15
25
27
26
VCC – 1.5
1.4
0.7
± 40
30
20
– 30
120
100
80
100
5
28
– 20
2
3
TYP §
LM324
3
1.2
± 60
– 60
20
– 500
– 250
150
50
9
7
MAX
5
10
– 10
– 20
50
50
15
23
22
VCC – 1.5
0 to
VCC – 2
0 to
VCC – 1.5
1.4
0.7
± 40
30
20
– 30
120
100
80
100
5
24
– 20
2
3
3
1.2
± 60
– 60
100
– 500
– 250
200
50
10
7
LM2902, LM2902Q
TYP §
MAX
MIN
mA
A
mA
µA
A
mA
dB
dB
dB
V/mV
mV
V
V
nA
nA
mV
UNIT
† All characteristics are measured under open-loop conditions with zero common-mode input voltage unless otherwise specified. MAX VCC for testing purposes is 26 V for LM2902
and LM2902Q, 30 V for the others.
‡ Full range is –55°C to 125°C for LM124, – 25°C to 85°C for LM224, 0°C to 70°C for LM324, and – 40°C to 105°C for LM2902 and LM2902Q.
§ All typical values are at TA = 25°C.
No load
No load
VO = 2.5 V,
VCC = MAX,
VO = 0.5 VCC,
VO = 0
VCC at 5 V,
GND at – 5 V
5
25°C
12
Full range
VO = 200 mV
VID = – 1 V,
VID = – 1 V,
20
– 10
Full range
10
120
– 30
– 20
100
80
100
5
25°C
65
70
25°C
VID = 1 V,
28
25°C
25°C
25°C
25
50
27
26
VCC – 1.5
VCC = 15 V,
VO = 15 V
VCC = 15 V,
VO = 0
f = 1 kHz to 20 kHz
VIC = VICRmin
Full range
25°C
Full range
Full range
RL ≥ 10 kΩ
RL ≤ 10 kΩ
VCC = MAX,
Low-level output voltage
VOL
Full range
RL = 2 kΩ
VCC = MAX,
Hi h level
High
High-level
l
l output
t t voltage
lt
25°C
VOH
25°C
0 to
VCC – 2
0 to
VCC – 2
Full range
RL = 10 kΩ
0 to
VCC – 1.5
0 to
VCC – 1.5
MIN
25°C
– 300
– 150
25°C
Full range
100
Full range
– 20
7
2
3
25°C
Full range
5
LM124, LM224
TYP §
MAX
MIN
TA‡
RL = 2 kΩ
4V
VO = 1
1.4
Input offset voltage
VCC = 5 V to MAX,
VIC = VICRmin, VO = 1.4 V
TEST CONDITIONS†
VIO
PARAMETER
electrical characteristics at specified free-air temperature, VCC = 5 V (unless otherwise noted)
LM124, LM124A, LM224, LM224A
LM324, LM324A, LM324Y, LM2902, LM2902Q
QUADRUPLE OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS
SLOS066B – SEPTEMBER 1975 – REVISED MARCH 1994
2–5
2–6
VO = 1
1.4
4V
VCC = 30 V
RL ≤ 10 kΩ
VCC = 15 V, VO = 1 V to 11 V,
RL= ≥ 2 kΩ
Input offset current
Input bias current
Common mode input
Common-mode
voltage range
High-level
High l
l output
tp t voltage
lt g
Low-level output voltage
Large-signal differential
voltage amplification
Common-mode rejection ratio
Supply-voltage rejection ratio
(∆VCC /∆VIO)
Crosstalk attenuation
O utp
t p tu t c u r rt e n t
Short-circuit output current
Supply
amplifiers)
S
l currentt (four
(f
lifi )
IIO
IIB
VICR
VOH
VOL
AVD
CMRR
kSVR
VO1/ VO2
IO
IOS
ICC
25°C
VCC = 15 V,
VO = 0
POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS, TEXAS 75265
Full range
Full range
12
1.4
0.7
± 40
3
1.2
± 60
20
12
5
10
– 10
– 20
65
70
25
27
26
VCC – 1.5
80
5
28
1.4
0.7
± 40
30
20
– 30
120
100
† All characteristics are measured under open-loop conditions with zero common-mode input voltage unless otherwise specified.
‡ Full range is –55°C to 125°C for LM124A, – 25°C to 85°C for LM224A, and 0°C to 70°C for LM324A.
§ All typical values are at TA = 25°C.
VO = 15 V,
No load
VO = 2.5 V,
VCC = 30 V,
No load
GND at – 5 V,
VCC at 5 V,
VO = 0
25°C
25°C
VO = 200 mV
VID = – 1 V,
5
Full range
VID = – 1 V,
VCC = 15 V,
VO = 15 V
10
– 10
– 20
65
70
25
27
25°C
Full range
25°C
f = 1 kHz to 20 kHz
25°C
25°C
Full range
Full range
Full range
RL ≥ 10 kΩ
VCC = 30 V,
26
VCC – 1.5
0 to
VCC – 2
0 to
VCC – 2
Full range
25°C
0 to
VCC – 1.5
– 15
2
TYP §
LM224A
0 to
VCC – 1.5
MIN
25°C
Full range
VID = 1 V,
120
– 50
– 100
25°C
Full range
30
10
25°C
2
MAX
Full range
RL = 2 kΩ
VIC = VICRmin
TYP §
LM124A
4
MIN
Full range
25°C
TA‡
VCC = 30 V,
RL = 2 kΩ
4V
VO = 1
1.4
Input offset voltage
VCC = 5 V to 30 V,
VIC = VICRmin, VO = 1.4 V
TEST CONDITIONS†
VIO
PARAMETER
3
1.2
± 60
– 60
20
– 100
– 80
30
2
4
3
MAX
electrical characteristics at specified free-air temperature, VCC = 5 V (unless otherwise noted)
12
5
10
– 10
– 20
65
65
15
27
26
VCC – 1.5
0 to
VCC – 2
1.4
0.7
± 40
30
20
– 30
120
100
80
5
28
– 15
2
2
TYP §
LM324A
0 to
VCC – 1.5
15
MIN
3
1.2
± 60
– 60
20
– 200
– 100
75
30
5
3
MAX
mA
A
mA
µA
A
mA
dB
dB
dB
V/mV
mV
V
V
nA
nA
mV
UNIT
LM124, LM124A, LM224, LM224A
LM324, LM324A, LM324Y, LM2902, LM2902Q
QUADRUPLE
OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS
SLOS066B – SEPTEMBER 1975 – REVISED MARCH 1994
LM124, LM124A, LM224, LM224A
LM324, LM324A, LM324Y, LM2902, LM2902Q
QUADRUPLE OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS
SLOS066B – SEPTEMBER 1975 – REVISED MARCH 1994
electrical characteristics, VCC = 5 V, TA = 25°C (unless otherwise noted)
LM324Y
TEST CONDITIONS†
PARAMETER
MIN
VIO
IIO
Input offset voltage
IIB
Input bias current
VICR
Common-mode input voltage
range
VCC = 5 V to MAX
0 to
VCC – 1.5
High-level output voltage
RL = 10 kΩ
VCC – 1.5
Low-level output voltage
RL ≤ 10 kΩ
AVD
Large-signal differential
voltage amplification
VCC = 15 V,
CMRR
Common-mode rejection ratio
VIC = VICRmin
kSVR
Supply-voltage rejection ratio
(∆VCC± /∆VIO)
IO
Output
O p current
VCC = 15 V,
VCC = 15 V,
VID = 1 V,
VID = – 1 V,
VO = 0
VO = 15 V
IOS
Short-circuit output current
VID = 1 V,
VCC at 5 V,
VO = 200 mV
GND at – 5 V,
VO = 0
VO = 2.5 VCC,
VCC = MAX,
No load
VOH
VOL
Input offset current
VCC = 5 V to MAX,
MAX
VIC = VICRmin,
i
VO = 1.4
14V
TYP
RL ≥ 2 kΩ
UNIT
3
7
mV
2
50
nA
– 20
– 250
nA
V
V
5
VO = 1 V to 11 V,
MAX
20
mV
15
100
V/mV
65
80
dB
65
100
dB
– 20
– 30
10
20
12
– 60
mA
A
30
± 40
± 60
mA
0.7
1.2
mA
VO = 0.5 VCC,
No load
1.1
3
† All characteristics are measured under open-loop conditions with zero common-mode input voltage unless otherwise specified. MAX VCC for
testing purposes is 30 V.
ICC
Supply current (four amplifiers)
POST OFFICE BOX 655303
• DALLAS, TEXAS 75265
2–7
Header line 1
Header line 2
Header line 3
FAMILY NAME
D3361
2–8
POST OFFICE BOX 655303
• DALLAS, TEXAS 75265
IMPORTANT NOTICE
Texas Instruments (TI) reserves the right to make changes to its products or to discontinue any semiconductor
product or service without notice, and advises its customers to obtain the latest version of relevant information
to verify, before placing orders, that the information being relied on is current.
TI warrants performance of its semiconductor products and related software to the specifications applicable at
the time of sale in accordance with TI’s standard warranty. Testing and other quality control techniques are
utilized to the extent TI deems necessary to support this warranty. Specific testing of all parameters of each
device is not necessarily performed, except those mandated by government requirements.
Certain applications using semiconductor products may involve potential risks of death, personal injury, or
severe property or environmental damage (“Critical Applications”).
TI SEMICONDUCTOR PRODUCTS ARE NOT DESIGNED, INTENDED, AUTHORIZED, OR WARRANTED
TO BE SUITABLE FOR USE IN LIFE-SUPPORT APPLICATIONS, DEVICES OR SYSTEMS OR OTHER
CRITICAL APPLICATIONS.
Inclusion of TI products in such applications is understood to be fully at the risk of the customer. Use of TI
products in such applications requires the written approval of an appropriate TI officer. Questions concerning
potential risk applications should be directed to TI through a local SC sales office.
In order to minimize risks associated with the customer’s applications, adequate design and operating
safeguards should be provided by the customer to minimize inherent or procedural hazards.
TI assumes no liability for applications assistance, customer product design, software performance, or
infringement of patents or services described herein. Nor does TI warrant or represent that any license, either
express or implied, is granted under any patent right, copyright, mask work right, or other intellectual property
right of TI covering or relating to any combination, machine, or process in which such semiconductor products
or services might be or are used.
Copyright  1995, Texas Instruments Incorporated
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