InstallationManualMultiPlus
INSTALLATION MANUAL
Phoenix Multi 120Vac
12/1600/70
12/2500/120
24/1600/40
24/3000/70
Phoenix MultiPlus 120Vac
12/2500/120
24/3000/70
Phoenix Inverter 120Vac
12/1600
12/2500
24/1600
24/3000
1
Copyrights  2003 Victron Energy B.V.
All Rights Reserved
This publication or parts thereof, may not be reproduced in any form, by any method, for any
purpose.
For conditions of use and permission to use this manual for publication in other than the
English language, contact Victron Energy B.V.
VICTRON ENERGY B.V. MAKES NO WARRANTY, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED,
INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, REGARDING
THESE VICTRON ENERGY PRODUCTS AND MAKES SUCH VICTRON ENERGY
PRODUCTS AVAILABLE SOLELY ON AN “AS IS” BASIS.
IN NO EVENT SHALL VICTRON ENERGY B.V. BE LIABLE TO ANYONE FOR SPECIAL,
COLLATERAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES IN CONNECTION WITH
OR ARISING OUT OF PURCHASE OR USE OF THESE VICTRON ENERGY PRODUCTS.
THE SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE LIABILITY TO VICTRON ENERGY B.V., REGARDLESS OF
THE FORM OF ACTION, SHALL NOT EXCEED THE PURCHASE PRICE OF THE
VICTRON ENERGY PRODUCTS DESCRIBED HEREIN.
Victron Energy B.V. reserves the right to revise and improve its products as it sees fit. This
publication describes the state of this product at the time of its publication and may not
reflect the product at all times in the future.
1. INSTALLATION
This product should be installed by a qualified electrician
1.1 Box Contents
•
•
•
•
Phoenix Multi, MultiPlus, or Inverter
User manual.
Installation manual.
Bag containing connection items, i.e.:
•
Temperature sensor.
•
Fuse (Mega fuse).
•
Four M8 nuts.
•
Four M8 washers.
•
Four M8 spring washers.
•
Charging current warning sticker.
1.2 Location
The product must be installed in a dry and well-ventilated area, as close as possible to the
batteries. There should be a clear space of at least 10 cm around the appliance for cooling.
Excessively high ambient temperature will result in the following:
•
Reduced service life.
•
Reduced charging current.
•
Reduced peak capacity, or shutdown of the inverter.
Never position the appliance directly above the batteries.
The product is suitable for wall mounting. The back of the enclosure has holes for wall
mounting purposes, see Appendix B.
The appliance can be mounted horizontally as well as vertically; vertical mounting is
preferable. The vertical position offers optimum cooling.
The interior of the product must remain accessible after installation.
Ensure that the AC and DC input cables are fitted with fuses and circuit breakers. Try and
keep the distance between the product and the battery to a minimum in order to minimize
cable voltage losses.
For safety purposes, this product should be installed in a heat-resistant
environment if it is used with equipment where a substantial amount of power is
to be converted. You should prevent the presence of e.g. chemicals, synthetic
components, curtains or other textiles, etc., in the immediate vicinity.
1
1.3 Requirements
•
•
•
•
•
Philips screwdriver (PH2) for removing the front.
Flat screwdriver (0.6x3.5) for connecting the AC leads.
Insulated box spanner (13 mm) for securing the terminal nuts and the fuse.
Two battery cables (maximum length 6 meters) including battery terminals and cable
ends.
Three-wire cable.
1.4 Connection of Battery cables
In order to fully utilize the full capacity of the product, batteries with sufficient capacity and
battery cables with sufficient cross section should be used. See table.
Recommended battery
capacity (Ah)
Recommended cross section
2
(mm )
(0 – 6 m)
12/1600/70
12/2500/120
24/1600/40
24/3000/70
200 – 700
400 – 1200
100 – 400
200 – 700
50
70
35
50
Remark: Internal resistance is the important factor when working with low capacity batteries.
Please consult your supplier or the relevant sections of our book “electricity on board”,
downloadable from our website.
Procedure
Proceed as follows to connect the battery cables:
Use an insulated box spanner in order to avoid shorting the battery.
Avoid shorting the battery cables.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
2
Undo the four screws at the front of the enclosure and remove the front panel.
Connect the battery cables: the + (red) on the right and the - (black) on the left, see
Appendix A.
Reverse polarity connection (+ to – and – to +) will cause the “reversed polarity” LED
next to the terminal nuts to light up.
Disconnect the cables and reconnect them correctly if the “reversed polarity" LED is
illuminated.
Tighten the connections after positioning the fastening items supplied with the product.
Position the Mega fuse from the connection bag in position F4 and secure it, using the
fastening items supplied with the product.
Secure the nuts tightly in order to reduce the contact resistance as much as possible.
1.5 Connection of the AC cabling
The enclosure must be grounded for safety purposes. An earth screw has been
fitted at the bottom side of the enclosure.
The terminal block can be found on the printed circuit board, see Appendix A. The shore or
mains cable must be connected to the Multi with the aid of a three-wire cable. Use a threewire cable with a flexible core and a cross section of 4 or 10 mm²
Procedure
Proceed as follows to connect the AC cables:
•
The AC output cable can be connected directly to the terminal block containing the
words "AC-out". The terminal points are indicated clearly. From left to right: “G” (earth),
“N” (neutral) and “L” (phase).
•
The AC input cable can be connected to the terminal block containing the words “AC–
in”. The terminal points are indicated clearly. “G” (earth) “N” (neutral) and “L” (phase).
The current which is switched through to the output is not fused. External fuses
or current limiters have to be installed.
3
1.6 Optional Connections
A number of optional connections are possible:
1.6.1 Second Battery
The Phoenix Multi/ MultiPlus has a connection for charging a starter battery. For connection
see Appendix A.
1.6.2 Voltage Sense (Phoenix Multi/ MultiPlus)
Two sense wires may be connected to compensate possible battery cable losses during
2
charging. Use wires of at least 0.75mm . For connection see Appendix A.
1.6.3 Temperature Sensor (Phoenix Multi/ MultiPlus)
The temperature sensor supplied with the product may be used for temperaturecompensated charging (see Appendix A). The sensor is insulated and must be mounted on
the batteries minus pole.
1.6.4 Remote Control
The product can be operated remotely in two ways.
•
Use of only an external switch.
•
With the aid of a remote control panel.
For connection of the switch see Appendix A.
Observe the following when using only an external switch:
•
Only functions if the switch on the product is switched to the "on" position.
•
Not to be connected if a remote control panel is connected.
For connection of a remote control panel, see Appendix A.
Observe the following when using a remote control panel:
•
Only functions if the switch on the product is switched to the "on" position.
1.6.5 External Relay (Phoenix Multi/ MultiPlus)
The maximum current that can be switched through from the AC input to the AC output is 30
A. At more than 30 A an external contactor is needed: please consult your supplier.
1.6.6 Parallel Connection
The product can be connected in parallel using several identical models, see Appendix G.
The batteries must be connected in accordance with Appendix E or F. This requires
interconnecting the products with the aid of a special cable to be supplied by Victron
Energy, in conjunction with a connection diagram.
Parallel connection requires compliance with the following conditions:
•
No more than five units should be connected in parallel.
•
Only identical models should be connected in parallel.
•
Ensure sufficient battery capacity is available.
•
The prescribed cable cross sections (between battery and distribution point) must be
multiplied with the number of appliances to be connected in parallel.
Position the products close to each other but ensure there is adequate clearance for
•
ventilation, min.10 cm.
•
The temperature sensor, voltage sensor and remote control must be connected to the
master.
•
The cables for each appliance must be equal in length (AC and DC).
4
multiplus
1.6.7 3-phase operation
The Phoenix MultiPlus can also be used in a 3-phase system, see Appendix 0. The
batteries must be connected in accordance with Appendix E or F. The following conditions
should be complied with in the case of 3-phase operation:
•
Only identical models should be used.
•
Ensure sufficient battery capacity is available.
Position the products close to each other but ensure there is adequate clearance for
•
ventilation (min. 10 cm)
•
The temperature sensor and voltage sensor should preferably be connected to all
three products.
•
Only a single remote control can be connected, using splitters.
1.7 Grounding
When the input voltage of the Phoenix Multi is not switched through, the neutral of “AC-out”
is connected to ground by means of a relay. This function can be disabled by removing the
wire between the neutral of “AC-OUT” and J100.
5
2. SETTINGS
•
•
•
•
•
•
Settings may only be changed by a qualified engineer
Carefully read the instructions before changes are made.
When setting the charger, all connections to the battery must be
disconnected from the Phoenix Multi or MultiPlus.
Do not use non-rechargeable batteries.
The Phoenix Multi/ MultiPlus default settings are for charging
Sonnenschein Dryfit A200 gel batteries. For the recommended battery
voltage see section 2.4.
Batteries should be placed in a dry and well-ventilated area during
charging.
2.1 Settings – General
Settings may be changed with the aid of pushbuttons and dip switches (see Appendix A).
Dipswitches are used to activate set-up, and to determine the setting to be changed. The
value of this setting can be changed with the aid of the pushbuttons.
The value specified is shown on the LEDs. Sections 2.1.3 and 2.1.4 describe how the LEDs
can be read.
2.1.1 Default Settings
To restore the default settings, both pushbuttons should be held down for 3 seconds while
set-up is activated.
Activate Set-up
DS-8
DS-7
DS-6
DS-5
DS-4
DS-3
DS-2
DS-1
on
Activate set-up with
DS8 switched to On
DS-8
DS-7
DS-6
DS-5
DS-4
DS-3
DS-2
DS-1
Select a setting using
DS3 - DS7 and set
the new value using
the pushbuttons.
DS-8
DS-7
DS-6
DS-5
DS-4
DS-3
DS-2
DS-1
DS-8
DS-7
DS-6
DS-5
DS-4
DS-3
DS-2
DS-1
off
Store the settings by Close set-up by
changing the position switching DS8 to Off
of one of the
switches DS3-DS7
DS-1 and DS-2 are not used and must be switched to Off.
NOTE: The new value is stored by changing the position of one of the switches DS3-DS7.
The new value is NOT stored if set-up is closed without changing the position of one of the
switches DS3-DS7. This offers an escape route if the change is not to be implemented.
6
2.1.2 Reading LEDs – setting values (Multi/ MultiPlus only)
The value of a setting can be determined on the basis of the following formula:
Value set = setting number * scale + offset
The ‘offset’ and the ‘scale’ are specified for each setting.
The setting number is indicated as follows via the LEDs:
The LEDs are divided into 2 columns of 4 LEDs each.
Each column indicates the numbers 0 - 9.
These columns together indicate 2-digit numbers.
The left column indicates the left-hand digit. The right-hand column shows the
right-hand digit.
The digit in a column can be determined by adding the separate ‘LED values’.
A flashing LED counts as 1 and an illuminated LED as 2.
A special case is 4 flashing LEDs. This signifies a 9.
Symbol
Meaning
LED off
LED flashes
LED lit up
LED value
0
1
2
All LEDs in a
column are
flashing
9
Examples of setting numbers:
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
2
2
6
=6
0
0
2
2
4
1
2
2
2
7
=47
0
0
1
2
3
9
=39
The increments can be smaller than the reading (scale value). In that case, a pushbutton
should be pressed repeatedly before the LED indication changes.
7
2.1.3 Reading LEDs – on-off (Multi/ MultiPlus only)
In addition to the facility of setting a value, there is an on- off facility. This allows for
switching on/ off a particular setting, or for activating/ deactivating it. The left-hand column
offers possibility A and the right-hand column offers possibility B in the case of a dual choice
setting.
A
B
A
=A
B
=B
The default setting is always A.
The definitions for A and B are shown with the value to be set.
2.1.4 Default settings
System frequency
Inverter Voltage
Charger on/ off
Charger characteristic
Charging Current
Battery Type Presets
Absorption Voltage
Absorption Time / Maximum Absorption Time
Float Voltage
Repeated Absorption Time
Repeated Absorption Interval
Bulk Protection On/ Off
Mains Waveform Check
Generator/ Shore Current
Generator/ Shore Support
3-phase Setting
Master/ slave
8
60 Hz
120 Vac
on
Adaptive with battery protection mode
75% of maximum charging current
type 1
14.4/ 28.8 Vdc
4 hours
13.8/ 27.6 Vdc
1 hour
7 days
on
on
30 A
off
off
slave
2.2 System Frequency
The product can operate at 50Hz as well as at 60Hz.
Set the DS 3-7
DS-8
DS-7
off
DS-6
off
DS-5 on
DS-4
off
DS-3
off
DS-2
DS-1
Specify the frequency
Example
Specify the required frequency.
The default setting is 60Hz.
The left row of LEDs is for 50Hz.
The right row of LEDs is for 60Hz.
Press the buttons until the required
LED indication appears.
Required: frequency is 60Hz.
LED indication =
50Hz
60Hz
2.3 Inverter Settings
Inverter Voltage
The inverter voltage can be set at between 94Vac-128Vac.
Set the DS 3-7
DS-8
DS-7 on
DS-6 on
DS-5
off
DS-4
off
DS-3
off
DS-2
DS-1
Specify the voltage
Example
Specify the required voltage Vq.
Determine the setting number:
scale=1V
offset=94V setting
number=(Vq-94)
Determine the LED indication.
Press the pushbuttons until the
required LED indication is
displayed.
Required: voltage is 119V.
Setting number = 119-94 = 25.
LED indication =
0
0
0
1
0
2
2
2
2
5
Increment size is 1V.
NOTE: for setting the voltage of the Phoenix Inverter a voltage meter is to be used, because
the Phoenix Inverter has only 4 LEDs.
9
2.4 Setting the Charger (Multi/ MultiPlus only)
When setting the charger, all connections between the battery and the Phoenix Multi must
be disconnected.
Please read our book “electricity on board”
(downloadable from our website www. victronenergy.com) for details and suggestions
about charging batteries.
Charger On/ Off
The Phoenix Multi charger can be switched off if required.
The default is on.
Set the DS 3-7
DS-8
DS-7 on
DS-6
off
DS-5
off
DS-4 on
DS-3
off
DS-2
DS-1
Switch the charger on or off
Example
Determine whether the charger is to Required: charger is off.
be switched on or off.
LED indication =
The default is On.
On
Off
The left-hand LED column is for On.
The right-hand LED column is for
Off.
Press the pushbuttons until the
required LED indication is
displayed.
Charging Characteristics
The Phoenix Multi/ MultiPlus has 3 pre-programmed charging characteristics.
Fixed Charging Characteristic:
The absorption period is a fixed preset period. Following the absorption mode, the charger
switches to float. In order to “refresh” the battery, the charger periodically switches back to
absorption.
Adaptive Charging Characteristic:
The absorption period depends on the charge delivered during bulk. This is followed by float
phase lasting 24 hours, after which the voltage is reduced by an additional 0,8 V resp. 1,6 V
for 12 V resp. 24 V batteries. (reduced float). As with the Fixed-charging characteristic, the
charger will periodically switch back to absorption.
Adaptive Charging Characteristic with batterySafe mode (default setting):
If, in order to quickly charge a battery, a high charge current in combination with a high
absorption voltage has been chosen, the Phoenix charger will prevent damage due to
excessive gassing by automatically limiting the rate of voltage increase once the gassing
voltage has been reached
10
Set the DS 3-7
DS-8
DS-7
off
DS-6 on
DS-5 on
DS-4 on
DS-3
off
DS-2
DS-1
Set the charging characteristic
Example
Determine the required charging
characteristic:
1:
Fixed
2:
Adaptive
3:
Adaptive with BatterySafe
mode (default)
Required: charging characteristic
is Fixed.
Setting number = 1.
LED indication =
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
Press the pushbuttons until the
required LED indication is
displayed.
0
1
Charging Current
The default charging current is 75% of the maximum charging current. This current will be
too high for most applications. For most battery types the optimal charging current is 0.10.2x the battery capacity,
Set the DS 3-7
DS-8
DS-7
off
DS-6 on
DS-5
off
DS-4
off
DS-3
off
DS-2
DS-1
Set the charging current
Example
Determine the required charging
current Iq.
Determine the setting number.
Scale = 2A
Offset = 0A
Setting number = Iq/2
Determine the LED indication.
Press the pushbuttons until the
required LED indication is
displayed.
Battery capacity is 450Ah. The
recommended maximum
charging current is 450*0.2 =
90A.
Setting number = 90/2 = 45.
LED indication =
0
0
0
1
2
2
2
2
4
5
Increment size is 1A.
11
Battery Type Presets
A number of battery type presets simplify the process of setting the absorption/ float voltage
and maximum absorption time:
Battery type
0
1
Absorption
voltage
User-specified
Sonnenschein Dryfit A200 Gel
Float voltage
Maximum
absorption
time
4 hours
13.8
27.6
V/
V/
13.2V 26.4V
6 hours
2
Traction
15.0 V
30.0 V
13.8
27.6
V/
V/
13.2V 26.4V
1
5 hours
3
Semi-traction
14.4 V
28.8 V
14.0
28.0
V/
V/
13.2V 26.4V
1
5 hours
4
Victory
14.8 V
29.6 V
14.0
28.0
V/
V/
13.2V 26.4V
1
The optimal absorption voltage for flat plate lead acid batteries is subject to mechanical and
chemical properties. Batteries with high antimony content can typically be charged with a lower
absorption voltage than batteries with low antimony content, such as the Victron carbon fiber
battery. (Please refer to our book “Electricity on Board” downloadable from our website
www.victronenergy.com)
Set the DS 3-7
DS-8
DS-7 on
DS-6 on
DS-5
off
DS-4
off
DS-3 on
DS-2
DS-1
14.4 V
28.8 V
Set the battery type
Example
Determine the battery type used.
Determine the setting numbers with
the aid of the table.
Press the keys until the required
LED indication is displayed.
NOTE: 0 cannot be selected but will
be displayed if the absorption
voltage, the float voltage or the
absorption time is changed.
Required: the battery type is
Victory:
Setting number = 4.
LED indication =
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
2
0
4
The default setting is the Sonnenschein Dryfit A200 battery. Contact your battery supplier
for the correct charge voltages and change the voltage settings if required.
12
Absorption Voltage
The absorption voltage can be set at 12-16/ 24-32V. Battery, the T-sense and V-sense must
be disconnected during setting.
Set the DS 3-7
DS-8
DS-7
DS-6
DS-5
DS-4
DS-3
DS-2
DS-1
off
off
off
off
off
Set the absorption voltage
Example
Determine the required absorption
voltage Vq.
Determine the setting number.
Scale = 0.1V
Offset = 12/24V
Setting number = (Vq24)/0,1
Determine the LED indication.
Press the pushbuttons until the
required LED indication is
displayed.
Required: absorption voltage is
28.5V.
Setting number= (28.5-24)/0.1 =
45.
LED indication =
0
0
0
1
2
2
2
2
4
5
Increment size is 0.05 V.
Absorption Time/ Maximum Absorption Time
This setting defines the absorption period in the case of the fixed charging characteristic
and the maximum absorption time in the case of the adaptive charging characteristic.
The (maximum) absorption time can be set from 1 to 8 hours.
Set the DS 3-7
Set the (maximum) absorption time
Example
DS-8
DS-7 on
DS-6
off
DS-5 on
DS-4 on
DS-3
off
DS-2
DS-1
Determine the required (maximum)
absorption time Tq.
Determine the setting number.
Scale = 1 hour
Offset = 0
Setting number = Tq
Determine the LED indication.
Press the pushbuttons until the
required LED indication is
displayed.
Required: (maximum) absorption
time is 4 hours.
Setting number = 4.
LED indication =
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
2
0
4
Increments are 1 hour.
13
Float Voltage
The float voltage can be set at 12-16/ 24-32V. Battery, the T-sense and V-sense must be
disconnected during setting.
Set the DS 3-7
DS-8
DS-7 on
DS-6
off
DS-5
off
DS-4
off
DS-3
off
DS-2
DS-1
Set the float voltage
Example
Determine the required float voltage
Vq.
Determine the setting number.
Scale = 0.1V
Minimum = 12/24V
Setting number = (Vq24)/0,1
Determine the LED indication.
Press the pushbuttons until the
required LED indication is
displayed.
Required: float voltage is 28.5V.
Setting number= (28.5-24)/0.1 =
45.
LED indication =
0
0
0
1
2
2
2
2
4
5
Increment size is 0.05 V.
Absorption
Repeated Absorption Time
The repeated absorption time can be set at 1 – 72 quarters of an hour.
Set the DS 3-7
DS-8
DS-7 on
DS-6 on
DS-5 on
DS-4
off
DS-3
off
DS-2
DS-1
Set the repeated absorption time
Example
Determine the required Repeated
absorption time Tq in quarters of an
hour.
Determine the setting number.
Scale = 1 quarter of an hour
Offset = 0
Setting number = Tq
Determine the LED indication.
Press the pushbuttons until the
required LED indication is
displayed.
Required: Repeated absorption
time is 1 hour.
Setting number = 1 hour = 4
quarters of an hour
LED indication =
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
2
0
4
Increment size is a quarter of an hour.
14
Repeated Absorption Interval
The repeated absorption interval, can be set at 1 – 45 days.
Set the DS 3-7
DS-8
DS-7
off
DS-6
off
DS-5
off
DS-4 on
DS-3
off
DS-2
DS-1
Set the repeated absorption interval
Example
Determine the required reduced
float time Tq.
Determine the setting number.
Scale = 1 day
Offset = 0
Setting number = Tq
Determine the LED indication.
Press the pushbuttons until the
required LED indication is
displayed.
Required: reduced float time is 1
week.
Setting number = 7.
LED indication =
0
1
0
2
0
2
0
2
0
7
Increments are 1 day.
15
2.5 Special Settings
Bulk Protection On/ Off
If the charger has not reached the absorption voltage after 10 hours' charging in the bulk
phase, the battery may be defective. In order to prevent further damage, the charger will
automatically cut out after 10 hours' bulk. The “bulk” LED will start to flash.
This safety cut out can be switched off.
Set the DS 3-7
DS-8
DS-7
off
DS-6 on
DS-5
off
DS-4 on
DS-3
off
DS-2
DS-1
Switch the bulk cut-out to on or off
Example
Determine whether the bulk cut out Required: bulk cut out is off.
should be switched on or off.
LED indication =
The default is On.
On
Off
The left-hand LED column is for On.
The right-hand LED column is for
Off.
Press the pushbuttons until the
required LED indication is
displayed.
Mains Waveform Check
The Phoenix Multi checks if the mains voltage has not only the correct voltage, but also the
correct shape. When the Phoenix Multi does not function properly on a generator this function
can be disabled.
Set the DS 3-7
DS-8
DS-7
off
DS-6 on
DS-5
off
DS-4
off
DS-3 on
DS-2
DS-1
16
Switch the Mains Voltage Check to
on or off
Example
Determine whether the Mains
Required: Mains Waveform
Waveform Check should be
Check is off.
switched on or off.
LED indication =
The default is On.
On
Off
The left-hand LED column is for On.
The right-hand LED column is for
Off.
Press the pushbuttons until the
required LED indication is
displayed.
PowerControl – Dealing with limited generator or shore side power
The Multi is a very powerful battery charger. It will therefore draw a lot of current from the
generator or shore side supply (nearly 10 A per Multi at 230 VAC). With the Phoenix Multi
Control Panel (PMC) a maximum generator or shore current can be set. The Multi will then
take account of other AC loads and use whatever is extra for charging, thus preventing the
generator or shore supply from being overloaded.
It is also possible to set the max. generator/ shore current internally.
.
The generator/ shore current can be set at 1 - 30A.
Set the DS 3-7
DS-8
DS-7
off
DS-6 on
DS-5 on
DS-4
off
DS-3
off
DS-2
DS-1
Set the shore current
Example
Determine the required shore
current limitation Iq.
Determine the setting number.
Scale = 1A
Offset = 0
Setting number = (Iq)/1
Determine the LED indication.
Press the pushbuttons until the
required LED indication is
displayed.
Required: shore current
limitation is 16A.
Setting number = 16.
LED indication =
0
0
0
2
0
2
2
1
1
6
Increment size is 1A.
The remote control panel setting overrides the internal setting.
PowerAssist – Boosting the capacity of shore or generator power
The feature that distinguishes the Phoenix MultiPlus from the standard Multi is PowerAssist.
This feature takes the principle of PowerControl to a further dimension allowing the
MultiPlus to supplement the capacity of the alternative source. Where peak power is so
often required only for a limited period, it is possible to reduce the size of generator needed
or conversely enable more to be achieved from the typically limited shore connection. When
the load reduces, the spare power is used to recharge the battery.
Note: minimum shore current 4 A or generator capacity 2,5 kW required per MultiPlus.
Set the DS 3-7
DS-8
DS-7 on
DS-6
off
DS-5 on
DS-4
off
DS-3
off
DS-2
DS-1
Switch the generator support on or
off
Example
Determine whether the generator
Required: generator support is
support should be on or off.
on.
The default is Off.
LED indication =
The left-hand LED column is for Off.
Off
On
The right-hand LED column is for
On.
Press the pushbuttons until the
required LED indication is
displayed.
17
3-phase Setting
MultiPlus
Three identical units can t be interconnected for a 3-phase system, in accordance with
Appendix 0. The batteries must be connected in accordance with Appendix E or F. A
number of settings are then required for each unit.
Firstly, all units must be set for 3-phase operation.
Set the DS 3-7
DS-8
DS-7 on
DS-6 on
DS-5
off
DS-4 on
DS-3
off
DS-2
DS-1
Switch 3-phase operation on or off
Example
Determine whether 3-phase
Required: 3-phase operation is
operation should be on or off.
on.
The default is Off.
LED indication =
The left-hand LED column is for Off.
Off
On
The right-hand LED column is for
On.
Press the pushbuttons until the
required LED indication is
displayed.
One of the three units must be set as the "master" following this setting.. No further settings
are required for the other units.
Set the DS 3-7
DS-8
DS-7
off
DS-6
off
DS-5 on
DS-4 on
DS-3
off
DS-2
DS-1
Set the master/ slave
Example
Determine master or slave.
The default is slave.
The left-hand LED column is for
slave.
The right-hand LED column is for
the master.
Press the pushbuttons until the
required LED indication is
displayed.
Required: this unit is the master.
LED indication =
slave
master
2.6 Maintenance
The Phoenix Multi does not require specific maintenance. Annual checking of all
connections and eventually removal of dust suffices. Protect the product from humidity and
oil fumes and keep it as clean as possible.
18
3. TROUBLE SHOOTING TABLE
Proceed as follows for quick detection of common faults.
DC loads must be disconnected from the batteries and the AC loads must be disconnected
from the inverter before the inverter and/ or battery charger is tested.
Consult your Victron Energy dealer if the fault cannot be resolved.
Problem
Cause
Solution
The inverter fails
to operate when
switched on.
The “low battery”
LED flashes.
The “low battery”
LED on.
The “overload”
LED flashes.
The “overload”
LED on.
The “temperature”
LED flashes or is
on.
The “low battery”
and “overload”
LEDs flash
alternately.
The “low battery”
and “overload”
LEDs flash
simultaneously.
The “low battery”
and “overload”
LEDs are on.
The battery voltage is too high
or too low.
Ensure that the battery voltage
is within the correct value.
The battery voltage is low.
Charge the battery or check the
battery connections.
Charge the battery or check the
battery connections.
reduce the load.
One LED alarm is
on and the
second LED is
flashing
The inverter cut out as a result
of the illuminated alarm
indication (LED). The flashing
LED indicates that the inverter
nearly cut out as a result of the
relevant alarm.
The inverter cuts out because
the battery voltage is too low.
The load on the inverter is
higher than the nominal load.
The inverter cuts out due to
excessive load.
The ambient temperature is too
high, or the load is excessive.
Low battery voltage and
excessive load.
Voltage ripple on the DC input
exceeds 1.25Vrms.
The inverter cuts out as a result
of excessive voltage ripple on
the DC input.
reduce the load.
Place the inverter in a cool and
well-ventilated room, or reduce
the load.
Charge the batteries, reduce
the load or install batteries with
a higher capacity. Use shorter
and/ or thicker battery cables.
Check the battery cables and
terminals.
Check the battery capacity;
increase if necessary.
Install batteries with a higher
capacity. Use shorter and/ or
thicker battery cables and reset
the inverter (switch off and on
again).
Check the table for the
appropriate course of action.
19
Problem
The charger is not
functioning
Cause
The mains voltage or mains
frequency is out of range.
Incorrect charging current.
The battery is not
being charged fully.
The battery is
overcharged.
Ensure that the mains voltage is
between 104 Vac and 130 Vac,
and that the frequency matches
the setting.
A defective battery connection.
Set the charging current at
between 0.1 and 0.2x battery
capacity.
Check the battery terminals.
The absorption voltage has been
set to an incorrect value.
Adjust the absorption voltage to
the correct value.
The float voltage has been set to
an incorrect value.
Adjust the float voltage to the
correct value.
The DC fuse is defective.
Replace the DC fuse.
The absorption voltage has been
set to an incorrect value.
The float voltage has been set to
an incorrect value.
A defective battery.
Adjust the absorption voltage to
the correct value.
Adjust the float voltage to the
correct value.
Replace the battery.
The battery is too small.
Reduce the charging current or
use a battery with a higher
capacity.
Connect a temperature sensor.
The battery is too hot.
20
Solution
4. TECHNICAL DATA
Phoenix
INVERTER and Multi/MultiPlus
Input voltage range (V DC)
Output voltage (V AC)
Frequency (Hz)
Cont. output power at 25 °C (VA)
Cont. output power at 25 °C (W)
Cont. output power at 40 °C (W)
Peak power (W)
Maximum efficiency (%)
Zero-load (economy) power (W)
12/1600/70
12/2500/120
9,5-16,1
9,5-16,1
1600
1300
1200
2300
93
7.5
24/1600/40
24/3000/70
2500
2000
1600
4500
93
7.5
19,0-32,2
120 ± 2%
60 ± 0,1%
1600
1300
1200
3000
94
9
19,0-32,2
3000
2500
2000
6000
94
9
94-128
60 ± 0,1%
1
28,8
27,6
26,4
40
28,8
27,6
26,4
70
CHARGER (Multi/MultiPlus only)
Input voltage range (V AC)
Frequency (Hz)
Power factor
Charge voltage 'absorption' (V DC)
Charge voltage 'float' (V DC)
Storage mode (V DC)
Charge current house batt. (A)
14,4
13,8
13,2
70
14,4
13,8
13,2
120
Charge current starter batt. (A)
4
4
4
4
Battery capacity (Ah)
Temperature sensor
200-700
√
400-1200
√
100-400
√
200-700
√
√
√
15
aluminium (blue RAL 5012)
M8 bolts
screw-clamp 10 mm²
IP 21
21
15
GENERAL
Forced cooling
Protection (2)
Operating temp. range
Humidity (non condensing)
ENCLOSURE
Material & Colour
Battery-connection
230 V AC-connection
Protection category
Weight (kg)
Dimensions (H x W x D in mm)
STANDARDS
Safety
Emission
Immunity
UL
Automotive Directive
√
a-h
0 - 50°C
max 95%
√
21
492x258x218
EN 60335-1, EN 60335-2-29
EN 50081-1, EN55014, EN 61000-3-2, EN 61000-3-3
EN 55014-2
UL458
95/54/EC
21
5. APPENDIX
A Overview connections
J
I
H
B
TR-CHARGE
T-SENSE
V-SENSE
G
+
A
D
E
- + -
+
-
F
1
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
Shore supply. AC in: (left to right) PE (ground), N (neutral), L (phase).
Connector for remote panel.
Load connection. AC out: (left to right) PE (ground), N (neutral), L (phase).
Megafuse F4.
Battery minus.
Battery plus.
Terminals for: (left to right) Voltage sense plus, Voltage sense minus, Starter battery
plus, Starter battery minus, Temperature sensor plus, Temperature sensor minus.
H Connections for remote switch: Short left and middle terminal to switch the Multi “on”,
Short right and middle terminal to switch the Multi to “charger only”.
I Dipswitches DS1 tm DS8 for set-up mode.
J Pushbuttons for set-up mode.
K Used for Parallel and 3-Phase operation, J7 IN.
L Used for Parallel and 3-Phase operation, J8 OUT.
M “Reversed polarity” LED.
2
B Dimensions
3
C Charge characteristics
C h a rg e c u rre n t
120%
100%
80%
Am ps
60%
40%
20%
0%
T im e
V o l ts
C h a rg e v o lta g e
32
16
30
15
28
14
26
13
24
12
22
11
20
10
Battery Safe
mode
5 x Bulk-hours or
Max. Absorption time
T im e
Bulk hours
Absorption
1 day
float
7 days
reduced float
7 days
reduced float
1 hour Repeated Absorption
4-stage charging:
Bulk-mode: Entered when charger is started. Constant current is applied until nominal battery voltage is reached,
depending on temperature and input voltage, after which constant power is applied up to the point where excessive
gassing is starting (14.4V resp. 28.8V, temperature compensated).
Battery Safe Mode: The applied voltage to the battery is raised gradually until the set Absorption voltage is reached.
The Battery Safe Mode is part of the calculated absorption time.
Absorption-mode: Absorption voltage is applied until {actual-Bulk-Ah*5 / max.adjusted-Bulk-current} (in hours) is
reached. Usually {actual-Bulk-Ah*5} = {max.adjusted-Bulk-current * Bulk-hours *5}, but the actual-Bulk-current can be
limited by ambient temperature, or remote control. The maximum time in Absorption mode is the Maximum Absorption
time set.
Float-mode: Float voltage is applied to keep the battery fully charged and to protect it against self-discharge.
Reduced Float: After one day of Float charge a reduced Float charge is applied. This is 13,2V resp. 26,4V (for 12V and
24V charger). This will limit water loss to a minimum when the battery is stored for the winter season.
After an adjustable time (default = 7 days) the charger will enter Repeated Absorption-mode for an adjustable time
(default = 4 quarters).
4
D Temperature compensation
15.0
14.5
14.0
13.5
13.0
Volts 12.5
12.0
11.5
11.0
10.5
10.0
30
29
28
27
26
25 Volts
24
23
22
21
20
0
5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60
Battery temperature
Default output voltages for Float and Absorption are at 20°C. Reduced Float voltage
follows Float voltage and Raised Absorption voltage follows Absorption voltage. In adjust
mode temperature compensation does not apply.
5
E Star connect schematic
_
Length La=Lb=Lc
Length Ld=Le=Lf
_
+
+
_
+
_
+
+
_
+
_
+
La
Lb
Lc
F1
Ld
Le
Lf
F2
F3
F4
F Rail connect schematic
_
Length La=Lb=Lc
Length Ld=Le=Lf
La
Lb
Ld
F2
_
6
+
F1
Lc
Le
F3
Lf
F4
G Parallel connect schematic
remote
control
L in
N in
AC in
PE
L out
N out
PE
AC out
3-Phase connect schematic
remote
control
L1
L2
L3
N in
AC in
PE
L1
L2
L3
N out
PE
AC out
7
8
Serial number:
Distributor:
Victron Energy B.V.
The Netherlands
General phone:
Customer support desk:
General and Service fax:
Sales fax:
+31 (0)36 535 97 00
+31 (0)36 535 97 77
+31 (0)36 531 16 66
+31 (0)36 535 97 40
E-mail:
Internet site:
[email protected]
http://www.victronenergy.com
Article number:
Version:
Date:
ISM010056000
00
01-01-2003
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