DP27T and DP27TE Pilot Operated Pressure/Temperature Control Valves

DP27T and DP27TE Pilot Operated Pressure/Temperature Control Valves
4701036/3
IM-P470-09
CH Issue 3
DP27T and DP27TE
Pilot Operated Pressure/Temperature Control Valves
Installation and Maintenance Instructions
1.Safetyinformation
2.General
productinformation
3.Installation
4.Commissioning
5.Maintenance
6.Spareparts
7.Faultfinding
DP27T
DP27TE
Printed
in the CH
UK Issue 3
IM-P470-09
© Copyright 20111
2
IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
1. Safety information
Safe operation of these products can only be guaranteed if they are properly
installed, commissioned, used and maintained by suitably qualified personnel (see
Section 1.11) in compliance with the operating instructions. General installation and
safety instructions for pipeline and plant construction, as well as the proper use of
tools and safety equipment must also be complied with.
1.1 Intended use
Referring to the Installation and Maintenance Instructions, name-plate and Technical
Information Sheet, check that the product is suitable for the intended use/application.
The products listed below comply with the requirements of the European Pressure
Equipment Directive 97/23/EC and carry the mark when so required. The products
fall within the following Pressure Equipment Directive categories:
Product
DP27T and DP27TE
i)
DN15 - DN40
DN50
Group 2
Gases
SEP
1
The products have been specifically designed for use on steam, air and inert
industrial gases which are in Group 2 of the above mentioned Pressure Equipment
Directive. The products’ use on other fluids may be possible but, if this is
contemplated, Spirax Sarco should be contacted to confirm the suitability of the
product for the application being considered.
ii) Check material suitability, pressure and temperature and their maximum and
minimum values. If the maximum operating limits of the product are lower than
those of the system in which it is being fitted, or if malfunction of the product
could result in a dangerous overpressure or overtemperature occurrence, ensure
a safety device is included in the system to prevent such over-limit situations.
iii) Determine the correct installation situation and direction of fluid flow.
iv) Spirax Sarco products are not intended to withstand external stresses that may
be induced by any system to which they are fitted. It is the responsibility of the
installer to consider these stresses and take adequate precautions to minimise
them.
v) Remove protection covers from all connections and protective film from all
name-plates, where appropriate, before installation on steam or other high
temperature applications.
1.2 Access
Ensure safe access and if necessary a safe working platform (suitably guarded)
before attempting to work on the product. Arrange suitable lifting gear if required.
1.3 Lighting
Ensure adequate lighting, particularly where detailed or intricate work is required.
1.4 Hazardous liquids or gases in the pipeline
Consider what is in the pipeline or what may have been in the pipeline at some
previous time. Consider: flammable materials, substances hazardous to health,
extremes of temperature.
IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
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1.5 Hazardous environment around the product
Consider: explosion risk areas, lack of oxygen (e.g. tanks, pits), dangerous gases,
extremes of temperature, hot surfaces, fire hazard (e.g. during welding), excessive
noise, moving machinery.
1.6 The system
Consider the effect on the complete system of the work proposed. Will any proposed
action (e.g. closing isolation valves, electrical isolation) put any other part of the
system or any personnel at risk?
Dangers might include isolation of vents or protective devices or the rendering
ineffective of controls or alarms. Ensure isolation valves are turned on and off in a
gradual way to avoid system shocks.
1.7 Pressure systems
Ensure that any pressure is isolated and safely vented to atmospheric pressure.
Consider double isolation (double block and bleed) and the locking or labelling of
closed valves. Do not assume that the system has depressurised even when the
pressure gauge indicates zero.
1.8 Temperature
Allow time for temperature to normalise after isolation to avoid danger of burns.
1.9 Tools and consumables
Before starting work ensure that you have suitable tools and/or consumables
available. Use only genuine Spirax Sarco replacement parts.
1.10 Protective clothing
Consider whether you and/or others in the vicinity require any protective clothing
to protect against the hazards of, for example, chemicals, high/low temperature,
radiation, noise, falling objects, and dangers to eyes and face.
1.11 Permits to work
All work must be carried out or be supervised by a suitably competent person.
Installation and operating personnel should be trained in the correct use of the
product according to the Installation and Maintenance Instructions.
Where a formal 'permit to work' system is in force it must be complied with. Where
there is no such system, it is recommended that a responsible person should know
what work is going on and, where necessary, arrange to have an assistant whose
primary responsibility is safety.
Post 'warning notices' if necessary.
1.12 Handling
Manual handling of large and/or heavy products may present a risk of injury. Lifting,
pushing, pulling, carrying or supporting a load by bodily force can cause injury
particularly to the back. You are advised to assess the risks taking into account the
task, the individual, the load and the working environment and use the appropriate
handling method depending on the circumstances of the work being done.
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IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
1.13 Residual hazards
In normal use the external surface of the product may be very hot. If used at the
maximum permitted operating conditions the surface temperature of some products
may reach temperatures of 300°C.
Many products are not self-draining. Take due care when dismantling or removing
the product from an installation (refer to 'Maintenance instructions').
1.14 Freezing
Provision must be made to protect products which are not self-draining against
frost damage in environments where they may be exposed to temperatures below
freezing point.
1.15 Disposal
Unless otherwise stated in the Installation and Maintenance Instructions, this
product is recyclable and no ecological hazard is anticipated with its disposal
providing due care is taken.
PTFE:
- Can only be disposed of by approved methods, not incineration.
- Keep PTFE waste in a separate container, do not mix it with other
rubbish, and
consign it to a landfill site.
1.16 Returning products
Customers and stockists are reminded that under EC Health, Safet y and
Environment Law, when returning products to Spirax Sarco they must provide
information on any hazards and the precautions to be taken due to contamination
residues or mechanical damage which may p resent a healt h, safet y or
environmental risk. This information must be provided in writing including
Health and Safety data sheets relating to any substances identified as hazardous
or potentially hazardous.
IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
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2. General product information
2.1 General description
The DP27T and DP27TE are combined pressure / temperature control valves for use on
steam applications. They are designed to be used in conjunction with a 2 m length of
capillary which is available separately (other lengths available on request). They combine
a temperature and pressure pilot valve in one unit. This controls the main valve so that
the temperature is maintained while the maximum steam pressure is limited.
A variable rate conical pressure adjustment spring is fitted providing a downstream
pressure range of 0.2 - 17 bar g.
Notes: 1. The sensor of the control system will need to be mounted by either a union kit,
pocket or wall mounting bracket.
2. For additional information see the relevant Technical Information Sheet.
Available types of valve:
DP27T
DP27TE
Pressure / temperature control
Pressure / temperature control with electrically operated solenoid valve
DP27TE
Temperature ranges
DP27T
6
Range A
Range B
Range C
Range D
Range E
16°C to 49°C
38°C to 71°C
49°C to 82°C
71°C to 104°C
93°C to 127°C
IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
2.2 Sizes and pipe connections
Screwed BSP (BS 21 parallel) or NPT (½" to 1" only).
Flanged DN15LC - Low Capacity version, DN15, DN20, DN25, DN32, DN40 and DN50.
DN15 - DN50 EN 1092 PN25
Standard
DN25 - DN50 BS 10 Table H and ASME (ANSI) 300
Flanges:
DN15 - DN50 JIS 10, JIS 16 and ASME (ANSI) 150
Available
DN15 - DN20 BS 10 Table F
on request:
DN15 ASME (ANSI) 300
Note: For additional information see the relevant Technical Information Sheet.
Temperature °C
2.3 Pressure / temperature limits
A
G
D
B
Steam
saturation
curve
G
C
Pressure bar g
E
The product must not be used in this region.
A-D-E Screwed and flanged EN 1092 PN25, ASME (ANSI 300), and BS 10 Table H.
A-B-C Flanged ASME (ANSI) 150.
G-G
The DP27TE is limited to 10 bar g @ 190°C.
Body design conditions
Maximum design pressure
A-D-E
A-B-C
Maximum design temperature
Minimum design temperature
Maximum upstream pressure for saturated steam service
Maximum operating temperature
DP27T
DP27TE
DP27T
DP27TE
Minimum operating temperature
Note: For lower operating temperatures consult Spirax Sarco.
Maximum differential pressure
Designed for a maximum cold hydraulic test pressure of:
Note: With internals fitted, test pressure must not exceed:
IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
DP27T
DP27TE
PN25
25 bar g @ 120°C
17.2 bar g @ 40°C
232°C @ 21 bar g
-10°C
17 bar g
10 bar g
232°C @ 21 bar g
190°C @ 10 bar g
0°C
17 bar
10 bar
38 bar g
25 bar g
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3. Installation
Note: Before actioning any maintenance programme observe
the 'Safety information' in Section 1.
Referring to these Installation and Maintenance Instructions,
name-plate and Technical Information Sheet, check that the product
is suitable for the intended installation.
The installation instructions are dealt with under two headings,
'The valve' and 'The temperature control system'.
DP27TE
Control head securing screws
Fig. 1
8
DP27T
IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
3.1 Supply (Figure 1, page 8)
DP27T
The DP27T pressure/temperature control is supplied with the temperature control unit packed
separately and should be assembled securing the control head to the valve by means of
the three screws supplied.
The valve is fitted with a control spring most suited to the downstream pressure condition
quoted on the order, but will not be pre-set.
The temperature control unit is fitted with a control system having a range most suited to
the temperature given on the order but it is not pre-set.
DP27TE
The DP27TE pressure/temperature control is supplied as for the DP27T but a solenoid
operated valve is fitted in the pipe between the pilot valve and the main diaphragm chamber,
thus in series with the normal pilot valve.
The purpose of the solenoid valve is to override the pilot valve thus causing the main valve
to shut-off. It can be controlled by any device capable of interrupting the supply of current to
the solenoid coil such as a thermostat, pressure switch or time clock. A suitable time clock
is available from Spirax Sarco.
The solenoid is arranged to open the valve when the coil is energised so that whatever switching
device is used it must be arranged to break the current to close the main valve. In this way
the unit will always 'fail-safe' i.e. will close the main valve in the event of a failure in electrical
supply.
Electrical supply
It is important that the solenoid is connected to the correct voltage. The standard unit is suitable
for 230 ±10%Vac or 115 ±10% Vac 50 Hz supply, but units for other ac voltages may be
supplied to special order, therefore always check on the supply details which are stamped
on the solenoid valve name-plate before attempting to connect up.
Electrical connection is by cable plug to DIN 43650. Remember that the valve is on a steam
supply line and in use will get hot. All wiring, connectors, etc. in close proximity to the valve
should therefore be of heat resisting type.
Earth
The solenoid valve should be adequately earthed.
IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
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3.2 The valve
General arrangement
Figure 2 shows the recommended installation layout to ensure satisfactory operation of the
DP27T pressure/temperature control. It should always be fitted in a horizontal pipeline with
the main diaphragm chamber below the line.
Pressure sensing pipe
(see Section 3.8)
Bypass valve
(see Section 3.10)
Pressure control
stop valve
Safety
valve
DP27T pressure/
temperature regulator
Fullway
valve
Separator
(see Section 3.6)
Downstream
pressure
gauge
Fall
➤
Steam
Strainer with
blowdown
cock
Upstream
pressure
gauge
1 m or 15 pipe diameters clear
on either side (see Section 3.8)
Steam trap
Condensate
Strainer
Sight
glass
Fullway valve
Fig. 2 Recommended installation
Strainer with
blowdown cock
Steam
Alternative arrangement
using equal tee for drainage
Sight glass
Strainer
Steam trap
(see Section 3.6)
Condensate
3.3 Pipeline sizing
The piping on both sides of the valve must be sized so that velocities do not exceed 30 m/s.
This means that a properly sized valve will often be smaller than the connecting pipework.
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IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
3.4 Pipeline stresses
Line stresses such as could be caused by expansion or inadequate support should not
be imposed on the valve body.
3.5 Isolating valves
These should preferably be of the fullway type.
3.6 Removal of condensate
Ensure that the pipework is adequately drained so that the valve is supplied with dry steam.
The ideal arrangement is to fit a separator in the steam supply. If the steam is known to be dry
then a drain pocket may be adequate.
If there is a rise in the low pressure line from the valve then a further drain point should be
provided to keep the valve drained after shutdown.
3.7 Preventing dirt
The valve should be protected by a pipeline strainer with 100 mesh screen. The strainer should
be fitted on its side to prevent the accumulation of water.
3.8 Pressure control pipe
The valve will be supplied complete with a balance pipe assembly connecting the side of the
body with the side of the pilot valve chamber.
When close control of pressure and/or maximum capacity is required, an external pressure
sensing pipe must be fitted.
To fit this alternative downstream sensing pipe, first remove the balance pipe assembly.
The resulting " BSP tapping in the side of the body should be blanked using the plug provided
in the linen bag attached to the valve (which also contains the fitting instructions and a spare
pilot filter). The other " BSP fitting in the side of the pilot valve chamber is suitable for the
fitting of 6 mm O/D pipe. If suitable pipe is not available the compression fitting can be
removed and ¼" nominal bore steel pipe screwed directly into the pilot valve chamber.
The downstream pressure sensing pipe (not supplied) should be connected into the top of
the reduced pressure main at a point where in either direction there is a length of straight
pipe uninterrupted by fittings for at least 1 m or 15 pipe diameters whichever is the greater.
It should be arranged with a positive fall so that any condensate can drain away from the
DP27T. Where the size of the reduced pressure main makes it difficult to maintain a fall when
entering the top of the main, the pressure control pipe may be connected in the side of the
main. A stop valve should be fitted for isolating purposes.
3.9 Pressure gauges
It is essential to fit a pressure gauge on the downstream side so that the valve can be
properly set. A pressure gauge on the upstream side can also be useful.
3.10 Bypass
If it is essential to maintain a constant supply of steam and the reducing valve station does
not include duplication or stand-by equipment, it may be necessary to install a bypass to
ensure continuation of supply when the reducing valve is being serviced (see Figure 2).
The bypass valve will normally be the same size as the reducing valve. The handwheel
should be padlocked to prevent use by unauthorised personnel, and when in use should
be under constant manual supervision.
The bypass may be arranged above or to the side of the main assembly but never below it.
IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
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3.11 Safety valve
A safety valve should be fitted to protect the downstream equipment from excessive pressure.
It should be set to lift below the safe working pressure of the downstream equipment, and
will normally be sized to pass the full capacity of the PRV should the PRV fail in the fully open
position. The safety valve set pressure should take account of its reseat characteristic and
the 'No-load' pressure setting of the PRV. For example, the typical blowdown value (reseat
differential) for a DIN type safety valve is 10% of set pressure. The minimum possible safety
valve set pressure must therefore equal the no-load set pressure of the reducing valve plus
the blowdown value of the safety valve plus a small margin of at least 0.1 bar. If the set
pressure is any lower, if whatever reason the safety valve lifts it will not shut properly and
will simmer, creating a leak which is often wrongly diagnosed as a result of a leaking reducing
valve. Discharge pipework should be taken to a safe place.
3.12 Position in relation to other control valves
Line or system isolation valves (A), either remotely actuated or manual, should be installed on
the upstream side of the DP reducing valve.
Where there is downstream control equipment (B), particularly when it is fast acting (for instance
pulsed piston actuated valves) ensure the control equipment is at least 50 pipe diameters
away from the DP to prevent pressure pulses being transmitted back causing unstable
operation and premature wear or if this is impractical an intermediate vessel can provide a
similar benefit.
Where a safety valve (C) is required to protect the system downstream of a DP and where a
control valve is also being used downstream of the DP, it is recommended that the safety valve
is fitted downstream of the control valve rather than in between the DP and the control valve.
If any slight leakage occurs this will avoid any pressure build-up causing nuisance operation
of the safety valve but provide complete protection for the downstream system.
Where valves are installed downstream of the DP (B) the intermediate downstream pipework
must be properly trapped (D) to ensure no condensate can build up on the downstream side
of the DP.
A
C
B
A
D
Fig. 3 DP position in relation to other control equipment
3.13 Temperature ranges
The temperature control system is available in five temperature ranges as follows:Range A
Range B
Range C
12
16°C to 49°C
38°C to 71°C
49°C to 82°C
Range D
Range E
71°C to 104°C
93°C to 127°C
IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
W
W
V
V
U
¾" BSP taper
NPT available
➤
¾" BSP taper
NPT available
Level
of
fluid
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
3.14 Sensor bulb
The type DP27T control is fitted with a plain bulb as in Figure 4, but as an optional extra
this bulb is supplied with an adaptor shown in Figure 5, consisting of a union nipple (U),
'O' ring (V) and gland nut (W).
3.15 Use of plain bulb
Where it is desired to use a plain bulb as in Figure 4 the adaptor can be removed by unscrewing
the gland nut (W) from the union nipple (Figure 5) and withdrawing each piece of the assembly
separately over the bulb.
3.16 Use of immersion bulb
Where it is desired, insert the bulb into a vessel under pressure. Unscrew the gland nut
(W) from the union nipple (U). This will enable the union nipple to withdraw over the bulb.
The union nipple can now be screwed into the tapping provided at the temperature sensing
point.
The union nipple is normally threaded ¾" BSP but may be ¾" NPT if specially ordered.
Insert the bulb through the union nipple (U) until the 'O' ring (V) seats in the union nipple
as shown in Figure 5 and screw home the gland nut (W) to compress the 'O' ring. The gland
nut needs to be little more than finger tight. Do not overtighten otherwise damage to
the 'O' ring will result.
IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
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3.17 Pockets
In all cases where the temperature sensing point is in a fluid under pressure it is best to use
a pocket so that the bulb can be withdrawn for servicing without draining down the plant.
Pockets must also be used where the medium being controlled would attack and destroy
the material from which the bulb is constructed.
The top of the pocket is formed exactly as the union nipple and should be screwed into the
tapping (¾" BSP or ¾" NPT) provided at the temperature sensing point.
Insert the bulb into the pocket until the 'O' ring seats in the union nipple as Figure 6, and screw
home the gland nut (W) to compress the 'O' ring.
The gland nut (W) will be little more than finger tight. Do not overtighten otherwise
damage to the 'O' ring will result.
3.18 Extra long pockets
Where extra long pockets are used the plain bulb should be used and inserted the full length
of the pocket.
A split bung is provided to seal the top of the pocket Figure 7.
3.19 Heat conduction
Where a bulb is used in a pocket the pocket should be filled with a heat conducting fluid, such
as thin oil or water, to improve heat transfer.
Do not fill the extended pocket Figure 7, above the level of the bulb.
3.20 Wall mounting sensor
Where the type DP27T control is to be used to control from room temperature the plain bulb
Figure 4 is used and a bracket and protective shield is provided Figure 8.
It is essential that the sensor be fitted in such a position that it can sense the true room
temperature and is not influenced by draughts.
It is preferably fitted in the vertical position and can be fitted either with the capillary leading
from the top of the sensor or leading from the bottom.
Having decided on the sensor position fix the bracket to the wall making sure that it is fitted
in such a way that the lug standing proud of the base will engage with the groove turned in
the sensor.
After inserting the sensor in the clips, fit the external cover as in Figure 9.
Fig. 8
14
Fig. 9
IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
4. Commissioning
Warning
Direct injection systems
This product contains a rust inhibitor to protect it against corrosion during storage.
To avoid any possible contamination of your product, after first blowing down the
approach pipework, we recommend that the valve is blown through thoroughly in
order to remove any trace of the inhibitor.
When the pressure/temperature control is installed and all connections are properly made it
must be brought into operation in two stages a) Pressure reduction. b) Temperature control.
4.1 To set the reduced pressure
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Ensure that all connections are properly made and that all valves are closed.
Check that adjustment is turned fully anticlockwise until the spring is slack.
Open small valve in pressure control line.
Blow through the approach pipework by removing the cap and screen from the strainer
protecting the steam trap draining the upstream pipework. Do not remove the screen
from the main line strainer during this operation. Although this should remove most of
the dirt which is present, it may be necessary to examine and clean the main line strainer
at regular intervals.
Slowly open the upstream isolating valve until it is fully open.
Slowly open the downstream valve until it is fully open.
Using a 19 mm A/F spanner slowly turn adjustment screw in a clockwise direction until
desired pressure reading is obtained.
Holding the adjustment screw in position, with the spanner, tighten down the lock-nut to
secure the setting of the adjustment spring, making sure that the 'C' washer stays in
position.
4.2 To set the temperature
1. Check that the temperature scale can be easily seen.
If it is fitted in a confined space facing a wall for example the control head may be
repositioned to enable the scale to be more easily read as follows:Undo the three screws. The control head may now be turned through 120° or 240° and the
screws tightened up.
2. By turning the knurled knob, set the scale opposite the pointer to the temperature at which
it is desired to control. (Where it is essential that this temperature be not exceeded it is
advisable to set the control initially some 6°C lower and bring the plant up to
temperature slowly).
3. Put the plant in operation in the normal way allow 30 minutes for it to settle down, then
check the temperature against a reliable thermometer - this check reading should be taken
as close to the control point as possible to ensure that both the thermometer and the
sensor bulb are sensing similar conditions.
4. Compare the thermometer reading with scale reading on the temperature control.
5. This may be found to differ by a few degrees and if precise control is required can be
adjusted by resetting the pointer as follows:
6. Holding the control head tightly onto the pilot valve housing - slacken the three screws,
just sufficiently to enable the pointer to be moved to the right or left until the temperature
indicated on the scale corresponds with the actual temperature as shown on the sensor.
Whilst making this adjustment it is essential to hold the control head tightly onto the pilot
valve housing otherwise not only will movement of the pointer be difficult but allowing
the head to lift will open the pilot valve.
7. Tighten the three screws.
8. The adjustment knob may now be reset to the required temperature. Adjustments to raise
or lower the temperature may be freely made without damage to the control system.
IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
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5. Maintenance
Note: Before actioning any maintenance programme observe
the 'Safety information' in Section 1.
Warning:
The body gasket contains a thin stainless steel support ring which may
cause physical injury if not handled and disposed of correctly.
5.1 Routine maintenance
It is recommended that the valve is dismantled once every twelve to eighteen months for a
complete overhaul and ideally this should be carried out with the valve removed from the line.
The parts that may require replacing or refurbishing are listed below:
- Pilot filter element (Section 5.2).
- Pressure adjustment spring (Section 5.3).
- Pressure control pilot valve assembly (Section 5.4).
- Strainer screen (Section 5.5).
- Pilot valve diaphragms (Section 5.6).
- Main diaphragms (Section 5.7).
- Main valve and seat (Section 5.8).
- Temperature control pilot valve assembly (Section 5.9).
- Temperature control system (Section 5.10).
- Solenoid valve - DP27TE only (Section 5.11).
Temperature
control system
Pressure adjustment spring
Pilot filter element
(cannot be shown in this view)

Temperature
control pilot
valve assembly
Pilot valve diaphragms
Pressure control pilot valve
assembly
Strainer screen
Main valve and seat
Main diaphragms
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IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
5.2 How to renew the pilot filter element:
1. Isolate the reducing valve and zero the pressure.
2. Unscrew the filter cap and carefully withdraw the filter element.
3. Replace the element and tighten the filter cap to 90 - 100 N m.
Note: The gasket is re-usable.
Filter
element
Filter cap
5.3 How to renew or change the pressure adjustment spring:
4. Isolate the reducing valve, zero the pressure and release the adjustment lock-nut.
5. Turn the adjustment screw anticlockwise. Ensure there is no compression on the pressure
adjustment spring.
6. Undo the 4 off spring housing securing nuts and remove the spring housing.
7. Remove the pressure adjustment spring and the top spring plate.
8. Reassemble in reverse order.
5
4
7
IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
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5.4 How to renew the pressure control pilot valve assembly:
-
Isolate the valve and zero the pressure.
Remove sensor bulb and allow it to cool down otherwise the control system may be strained.
Follow Steps 1 to 5 then proceed as follows:
9. Undo the three screws and remove the temperature control head.
10. Unscrew the unions and release the pipework and temperature control pilot assembly.
11. Unscrew the nuts and remove the spring housing, bottom spring plate and diaphragms.
12. Unscrew and remove the pilot valve assembly (19 mm A / F). The pilot assembly has an
integral PTFE seal.
11
9
10
10
Table 1
Recommended tightening torques for spring
housing/actuating chamber cover securing studs and nuts
Size of valve
Nut size
Tightening torques
½", ¾" and 1"
DN15, DN20, DN25 and DN32
M10
40 - 50 N m
DN40 and DN50
M12
45 - 55 N m
18
IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
13
14
13
13
13. Refit the pipework and temperature control pilot assembly, then retighten the unions to
ensure a steam tight seal.
14. Refit the temperature control head. Complete assembly by following Steps 1 to 5 in reverse
order.
Bring the valve back into commission by following as many Steps as necessary in Section 4,
page 15.
The following handling precautions should be observed.
Handling precautions for PTFE
Within its working temperature range PTFE is a completely inert material, but when heated
to its sintering temperature it gives rise to gaseous decomposition products or fumes which
can produce unpleasant effects if inhaled. Fumes can be produced during processing: for
example, when the material is heated to sinter it, or when brazed connections are being
made to cable insulated PTFE. The inhalation of these fumes is easily prevented by applying
local exhaust ventilation to atmosphere as near to their source as possible.
Smoking should be prohibited in workshops where PTFE is handled because tobacco
contaminated with PTFE will during burning give rise to polymer fumes. It is therefore
important to avoid contamination of clothing, especially the pockets, with PTFE and to
maintain a reasonable standard or personal cleanliness by washing hands and removing
any PTFE particles lodged under the fingernails.
IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
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5.5 How to clean the strainer screen:
-
Isolate the valve and zero the pressure. Remove the sensor bulb and allow it to cool down,
otherwise the control system may be strained. Follow Steps 1 to 5 then proceed as follows:
15. Undo the three screws and remove the temperature control head.
16. Unscrew the unions and release the pipework.
17. Unscrew the nuts and remove the pilot valve housings complete with spring housing
assembly.
18. Remove the screen and clean.
19. Ensure gasket faces are clean.
20. Check that main valve return spring is in position.
17
16
16
15
18
20
20
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IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
21. Fit a new gasket.
22. Replace the screen.
23. Assemble the pilot valve housings complete with the spring housing assembly and tighten
the nuts to the recommended torques shown in Table 1, page 18.
24. Refit the pipework and retighten the unions to ensure a tight seal.
25. Refit the temperature control head.
Bring the valve back into commission by following as many Steps as necessary in Section 4,
page 15.
24
24
25
23
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IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
21
21
5.6 How to renew pilot valve diaphragms:
-
Isolate the reducing valve and zero the pressure. Remove sensor bulb and allow it to cool
down, otherwise the control system may be strained. Follow Steps 1 to 5 then proceed
as follows:
26. Unscrew the nuts and remove the spring housing, spring and upper and lower spring plate
and old diaphragms.
27. Ensure that all contact faces are cleaned. New diaphragms should be fitted such
that the precoated sealant (which is only applied to one diaphragm) faces down
contacting the sealing face of the diaphragm chamber.
28. Replace lower spring plate, spring and upper spring plate.
29. Assemble spring housing and tighten nuts to the recommended torques shown in Table 1,
page 18. Complete assembly by following Steps 1 to 5 in reverse order.
Bring the valve back into commission by following as many Steps as necessary in Section 4,
page 15.
26, 28
Upper spring plate
29
Spring
Lower spring plate
2 x diaphragms
22
IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
5.7 How to renew or clean main diaphragms:
-
Isolate the valve and zero the pressure. Remove the sensor bulb and allow it to cool,
otherwise the control system may be strained.
30. Undo the long union nut and pull away.
31. Undo the M12 nuts and bolts.
32. Drop away the lower diaphragm chamber, the two diaphragms, diaphragm plate and pushrod
assembly.
33. Thoroughly clean the lower diaphragm chamber making sure that the contact faces
are clean.
31
35
34
30
34
37
36
33
32
34. Replace the diaphragm plate and pushrod assembly and loosely fit the lower diaphragm
chamber on two bolts either side of the union connection to locate the spigot in the
recess.
35. Bring the two new diaphragms together (where precoated sealant is applied this should face
outwards) and slide into position.
If the diaphragms are not renewed, but cleaned only care must be taken not to turn
diaphragms over.
36. Push the lower diaphragm chamber home to locate in recess and refit the M12 nuts and
bolts. Progressively and evenly tighten to a torque of 80 - 100 N m.
37. Retighten the long union nut to ensure a steam tight seal.
Bring the valve back into commission by following as many Steps as necessary in Section 4,
page 15.
IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
23
5.8 How to service or renew the main valve and seat:
-
Isolate the valve and zero the pressure. Remove the sensor bulb and allow it to cool down,
otherwise the control system may be strained. Follow Steps 1 to 5 then proceed as follows:
38. Undo the three screws and remove the temperature control head.
39. Unscrew the unions and release the pipework.
40. Unscrew the nuts and remove the pilot valve housings complete with the spring
housing assembly.
41. Remove the screen and clean.
42. Remove the main valve spring and main valve head.
42
43
40
39
38
44
39
41
43. Remove the main valve seat (see Table 2).
Examine the faces of the main valve head and seat. If they are only slightly worn both the
main valve head and main seat may be lapped on a flat plate using a fine grinding paste.
If either is badly worn or unfit for further use they will need to be replaced.
44. Refit the valve seat and tighten to the recommended torques shown in Table 2.
Where a new part has been fitted it will be necessary to reset the main valve pushrod to
give the correct valve lift.
To do this it is necessary to expose the main diaphragm plate and pushrod assembly.
Table 2 Recommended tightening torques for main seat
Size of valve
½" and ½"LC
DN15 and DN15LC
¾" and DN20
1" and DN25
DN32
DN40
DN50
24
Width across flats
30 mm A /F (External)
30 mm A /F (External)
36 mm A /F (External)
19 mm A /F (Inside)
24 mm A /F (Inside)
30 mm A /F (Inside)
41 mm A /F (Inside)
Tightening torques
110 - 120 N m
110 - 120 N m
140 - 150 N m
230 - 250 N m
300 - 330 N m
450 - 490 N m
620 - 680 N m
IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
45. Undo the long nut and pull away.
46. Undo the M12 nuts and bolts.
47. Drop away the lower diaphragm chamber, the two diaphragms, diaphragm plate and
pushrod assembly.
48. Refit the pushrod assembly.
49. Refit the main valve head making sure the valve locates on the seat.
50. Open the valve by pushing onto the diaphragm plate, until it comes up against the stop on
the body.
51. Check the valve lift using a depth gauge (see Table 3).
45
49
46
51
48
50
47
Table 3 Valve lift
Size of valve
DN15 LC and ½" LC
DN15 and ½"
DN20 and ¾"
DN25 and 1"
DN32
DN40
DN50
Valve lift
2.5 mm
2.5 mm
2.5 mm
3.0 mm
3.5 mm
4.5 mm
5.0 mm
Adjust if necessary by screwing the pushrod in or out of the diaphragm plate.
IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
25
52. Thoroughly clean the upper and lower diaphragm chamber making sure that the contact
faces are clean.
53. Replace the diaphragm plate and pushrod assembly and loosely fit the lower diaphragm
chamber on the two bolts either side of the union connection to locate the spigot in
the recess.
54. Refit diaphragms in exactly the same way as when dismantled.
55. Push the lower diaphragm chamber home to locate in the recess and refit the M12 nuts
and bolts. Progressively and evenly tighten to a torque of 80 - 100 N m.
56. Retighten the long union nut to ensure a steam tight seal.
59
57. Ensure gasket faces are clean.
60
58. Refit the main valve head.
59. Replace the main valve return spring.
57
60. Fit new gasket.
54
52
58
53
53
55
56
62
64
63
61
61. Replace the screen.
62. Assemble the pilot valve housings complete with the spring housing assembly and tighten
the nuts to the recommended torques shown in Table 1, page 18.
63. Refit the pipework and retighten the unions to ensure a tight seal.
64. Refit temperature control head.
Bring the valve back into commission by following as many Steps as necessary in Section 4,
page 15.
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IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
5.9 How to renew the temperature control pilot valve assembly:
-
Isolate the valve and zero the pressure. Remove the sensor bulb and allow it to cool down,
otherwise the control system may be strained.
65. Undo the three screws and remove the temperature control head.
66. Unscrew the packless gland housing (21 mm A /F) and remove with the pushrod assembly
and return spring.
68
67
66
67
65
69
70
67. Unscrew the union and the release the pipework.
68. Unscrew the nuts and remove the pilot valve housing.
69. Unscrew and remove the pilot valve seat (20 mm A /F).
70. Screw the new pilot valve seat into the housing.
IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
27
71. Assemble the pilot valve housing and tighten the nuts to 40 N m.
72. Refit the pipework and retighten the unions to ensure a steam tight seal.
73. Fit the new pushrod assembly with the return spring and replace the packless gland housing,
tighten to 40 N m.
Bring the valve back into commission by following as many Steps as necessary in Section 4,
page 15.
After fitting a new pilot valve seat and pushrod it will be necessary to check the temperature
control point (see Section 4.2, Step 2).
71
72
72
75
76
74
73
5.10 How to renew the temperature control system:
-
Isolate the valve and zero the pressure. Withdraw the sensor bulb from the plant and allow
it to cool.
74. Undo the three screws and lift off the control head.
75. Fix the control head of replacement temperature control system in position. Take care that
the limit stop of the pointer ring is properly located in the slot.
76. Retighten the screws.
Bring the valve back into commission by following as many Steps as necessary in Section 4,
page 15.
28
IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
With a replacement thermostatic system it may be found that the pointer cannot be moved
far enough to reach the desired reading on the scale when the medium around the bulb is at
the correct temperature.
If this is so, resetting of the calibration can be carried out using the special spanner supplied
with each replacement sensor.
77. Fix the pointer in the mid-position of its adjustment and set the scale to indicate the required
temperature.
78. Tighten up screws.
79. Hold the sleeve with a pair of pliers and loosen the locking ring using the special spanner.
80. Still holding the sleeve with pliers, turn clockwise if the temperature of the medium being
controlled is too high or anticlockwise if the temperature is too low.
81. After re-setting, tighten up the locking ring with the special spanner.
Coil
80
79
81
77
78
Core
5.11 How to service or renew the solenoid valve (DP27TE):
-
Depressurize the valve and turn off the electrical power supply.
82. Remove the retaining clip and slip the entire solenoid enclosure off the solenoid base
sub-assembly of the plug nut /core tube of the sub-assembly.
83. Unscrew the bonnet of the solenoid base sub-assembly and remove the core spring,
core assembly and body gasket.
All parts are now accessible for cleaning or replacement. Replace worn or damaged parts
with a complete Spare parts kit (item 'W', pages 30 and 31) for best results.
84. Reassemble in reverse order of disassembly paying careful attention to exploded views
provided.
CAUTION
Solenoid must be fully reassembled as the housing is part of,
and completes the magnetic circuit.
IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
29
6. Spare parts
The spare parts available are shown in heavy outline. Parts drawn in broken line are not
available as spares.
Please note: A Table is shown on page 32 indicating interchangeability of spares.
Available spares
Maintenance kit
* A stand-by set of spares for general maintenance purposes and covers all spares marked *
(2 off)
A
* Main diaphragm
Pilot
diaphragms
(2
off)
B
*
Pilot valve assembly and filter
C, C1
Pilot valve filter and gasket
(packet of 3 of each) E, F
Pilot valve assembly for temperature control unit
B2, C2, D2, E2
Pilot
valve
packless
gland
set
H2, J2
*
Main valve assembly DN15 to DN50
K, L
Internal
strainer
M
*
Main
valve
return
spring
N
*
Pressure adjustment spring
0.2 - 17 bar
O
Range A
16°C to 49°C
Control head (3 pieces)
Range
B
38°C to 71°C
When ordering state range and length of
capillary tube. Normally stocked in capillary
Range C
49°C to 82°C Y, Z
lengths of 2 m. Available in multiples of 2 m
Range D
71°C to 104°C
up to a maximum of 14 m (at extra cost).
Range E
93°C to 127°C
Union sub assembly (3 pieces)
U
Control
pipe
assembly
P
*
Balance pipe assembly
Q
(3 off)
R
* Body gasket set
Pilot
valve
block
gasket
and
temperature
control
unit
(3
pieces)
R1
*
Set of spring housing securing studs and nuts
(set of 4)
S
Set of main body studs and nuts
(set of 4)
T
DN15 to DN32 (set of 10)
V
Set of diaphragm securing bolts and nuts
Valve sizes
DN40 to DN50 (set of 12)
Set of temperature pilot valve housing securing studs and nuts
(set of 4)
S1
Set of adjustment head securing screws
(set of 3)
Y
Solenoid valve complete
W
Type DP27TE only
Replacement coil
X1
Valve seat and core assembly
X2
How to order spares
Always order spares by using the description given in the column headed 'Available spares'
and state the size and type of the pressure/temperature control valve.
Example: 1 - Main valve assembly for a Spirax Sarco DN15 Type DP27T pilot operated
pressure/temperature control valve.
30
IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
Pilot valve packless gland set
Z
S
O
S
See
note
below
J2
E2
D2
C2
Y
B2
S1
U
B
FE
C
C1
R1
R
K
L
M
R
T
V
A
V
Coil
X1
Core assembly
N
P
W
X2
Solenoid valve complete
Main valve assembly
Pilot valve chamber assembly
Q
H2
Note: Items E and F are shown 180° out of position for clarity
IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
31
Interchangeability of spares
The following table shows how in certain sizes some parts are interchangeable. For example
in the line headed 'Main diaphragm' the diaphragm used in the screwed valves ½", ¾"
is common to these sizes by the letter 'a', the letter 'c' indicates that the one diaphragm is
common to the DN32 and DN40 valve.
Spares which are marked '†' are interchangeable with the DP17 and DP27 pressue reducing
valves.
Spares marked ' ' are interchangeable with the 37D temperature control valve.
Spares marked '**' are interchangeable with the DP27 temperature control valve.
Screwed
Flanged
½" ½" ¾" 1" DN15 DN15 DN20 DN25 DN32 DN40 DN50
Maintenance kit
† Main diaphragm
† Pilot diaphragms
** Pilot valve assembly
for pressure control unit
** Pilot filter and gasket
Pilot valve assembly for
temperature control unit
Pilot valve packless
gland set
† Main valve assembly
† Internal strainer
† Main valve return spring
† Pressure adjustment spring
Control head
'O' ring for sensor bulb adaptor
Control pipe assembly
† Balance pipe assembly
† Gasket set
Pilot valve block gasket
† Set of spring housing
securing studs and nuts
† Set of main body
studs and nuts
† Set of diaphragm securing
bolts and nuts
Set of temperature pilot valve
housing securing studs and nuts
Set of adjustment head
securing screws
32
LC
a a
a a
a a
a
a
a
b
b
a
LC
f
a
a
f
a
a
a
a
a
b
b
a
c
b
a
d
c
a
e
c
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
b
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
c
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
d
b
a
a
a
a
b
b
a
a
a
f
a
a
a
a
f
f
a
a
b
f
a
a
a
a
f
f
a
a
c
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
d
b
a
a
a
a
b
b
a
a
e
c
a
a
a
a
c
c
a
a
f
d
c
a
a
a
d
d
b
a
g
e
c
a
a
a
e
e
b
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
b
b
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
b
b
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
b
b
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
7. Fault finding
The DP27T pressure/temperature control system provides a combined unit for pressure
reduction and temperature control.
It is important to remember that when approaching the set temperature, the temperature control
pilot valve will override and lower the downstream pressure.
This is its normal function and does not indicate failure of the pressure control unit.
If the pressure control unit is in anyway suspect then before proceeding with any tests it is
essential to remove the sensor bulb and allows it to cool down, thus ensuring that the
temperature control pilot valve is fully open. For this reason trouble tracing is divided into
two sections separating the pressure and temperature control functions.
Pressure control system
Preliminary check
7.1 Isolate valve and zero pressure.
7.2 Remove sensor bulb and allow it to cool down.
7.3 Release lock-nut and turn adjustment screw anticlockwise until spring is slack.
7.4 Undo union nut and release pipework.
7.5 Turn on steam slowly.
Steam discharging
from copper
pipework
Steam discharging
from coupling in
pilot valve block
Pilot valve failing to seat
Main valve failing to seat
Downstream pressure Downstream
pressure too high
zero or too low
No high pressure steam reaching
valve
Check steam is turned on.
Check strainer is clear.
Downstream pressure control
pipe blocked
Remove and blow through
to clear
Pressure adjustment spring
broken
Replace with spare part
Control orifice blocked
Remove and clean
Pipe assembly blocked
Remove and blow through to
clear
Pilot valve diaphragms
fractured
Refer to Section 5.6
Main diaphragm fractured
Refer to Section 5.7
Pilot valve or plunger is
sticking
Refer to Section 5.4
Pilot valve plunger too short
Refer to Section 5.4
Main valve not seating
Refer to Section 5.8
Valve capacity insufficient for
downstream conditions
Refer to Section 3.8 or fit large
valve with more capacity.
Main valve pushrod sticking
Refer to Section 5.8
IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
Pilot valve plunger too long
Refer to Section 5.4
Hunting
Wet steam supply
Refer to Section 3.6
External pressure control
pipe tapped into turbulent
area
Refer to Section 3.8
Loose dirt in pipe assembly
Remove and blow
through to clear
Pilot valve or plunger is
sticking
Refer to Section 5.4
Main valve pushrod
sticking
Refer to Section 5.8
Pilot or main diaphragms
overstretched.
This usually happens over
a long period of service
Refer to Section 5.7
33
Temperature control system
7.6 Temperature in plant too high.
A rise in temperature above the normal control setting could be caused either by the
valve failing to shut-off or a break down in the control system. Check as follows:7.7 With the plant up to temperature and steam on to the valve remove the sensor bulb and
allow it to cool. Undo the three screws and remove the control head.
This will release all pressure on the pilot valve plunger and the valve should be in the open
position.
7.8 This plunger can be depressed and released by hand to check the operation of the valve,
depression of the plunger causing the main valve to close and the temperature in the plant
to fail.
7.9 If this check indicates that the valve is closing properly the fault must lie in the control
system which should be replaced as Section 5.10.
If the check shows that the valve is not closing properly this could be caused by one of
the following:
Control orifice is blocked. For access remove pipe assembly and clear orifice with fine
wire. (Do not use a drill or any other tool which will enlarge this orifice).
Pilot valve is not seating. Examine and clean. For access see Section 5.9. Before stripping
down to check on either the pilot or main valve see Sections 7.10 to 7.14 which follows.
Main valve is not seating or the main valve pushrod is sticking. Examine and clean.
For access see Section 5.8. Before stripping down to check on either the pilot or main
valve see Sections 7.10 to 7.14 which follows.
To check on valve closure
7.10 With the plant up to temperature isolate the valve and zero pressure.
7.11 Turn the adjustment knob to a lower temperature to ensure that the main valve
should be fully closed.
7.12 Undo pipe union in pilot valve housing.
7.13 Turn steam on to valve slowly.
7.14 If steam is discharged through the tapped hole in the pilot valve housing from which the
union has been unscrewed it indicates that the pilot valve is failing to seat.
See Section 5, Steps 65 - 73. If steam is discharged through the exposed end of the
copper pipe it indicates that the main valve is failing to seat. See Section 5, Steps 38 - 64.
Temperature in plant too low
7.15 If the temperature in the plant is below the normal control setting this could be
caused by one of the following:
7.16 Lack of steam supply. Check that steam is turned on and that the strainers are clean.
7.17 Pipe assembly blocked. Remove by uncoupling unions and blow through to
clear obstruction.
7.18 Diaphragm fractured.
Pilot valve packless gland leaking
7.19 If, with the control head removed and steam on the valve, steam is seen to be
leaking from the top of the hexagon nut it indicates failure of the packless gland.
Replace as Section 5.9.
34
IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
35
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IM-P470-09 CH Issue 3
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