Mass Flow Controller brochure English
MAss flow controller
Edition 8/2012
Mass flow controller program
World leader in flow technology for over 35 years
With AERA® and SAM® Mass Flow Controllers these product ranges apply as a world
leader in flow technology for over 35 years. The success is based on many properties that were in charge of developing MFC: A fast, repeatable, accurate, reliable,
field-proven technology; absolute and differential pressure control, enabling
stable process control; last but not least multi-gas, multi-range, pressure-insensitive and live-gas certified MFCs. Our customers, often market leaders in their
industry, verify the top quality of our products integrating both series into gas
handling system solutions of the highest quality standard demand.
Worldwide, the AERA® brand is synonymous with high-quality, high-performing
designs that are backed by exceptionally responsive customer service. AERA®’s has an
outstanding reputation for digital MFC reliability and performance with shipments of
over 100 000 digital MFC units.
From the release of the first of our MFCs, SAM® brand high-performance mass flow
controllers continue in the tradition of perfection. High corrosion resistance and
stable control performance are possible thanks to our waveform diaphragm made of
Ni-Co alloy.
Series R7700/R7800
Series F
AERA® 7700 delivers precise flow control, while offering the economic benefits of
elastomer seals.
AERA® 7800 shows precise flow control as well as the corrosion resistance and high
leak integrity of metal seals.
SAM® controllers that are equipped with these technologies enjoy a well deserved
reputation from globally recognized customers. Real SAM®-brand products are highly
valued as premium performance design.
Series DR980
AERA® DR980 deliver performance excellence and operational versatility.
Series Transformer®
AERA® Transformer will transform your process, providing superior flexibility and
efficiency for improved yield, higher productivity, and lower cost of ownership.
Series PI-980®
The AERA® PI-980® pressure-insensitive MFC’s anticipate the increasing demands of
next-generation manufacturing and reduce gas panel footprint and cost.
Series FX
While inheriting the tradition of our earlier Mass Flow Controllers, the FX series is a
bold advance into the next generation. The major element of innovation is the combination of technologies derived from the G series. Not such advanced as G with its full
scale PI function, they have greater PI performance as the F series.
Series G
This SAM® G design is positioned to play a major role in the next generation of controllers. The G series is an all-in-one mass flow controller that meets or exceeds the next
generation of requirements, a step ahead of the competition. These advances are in
response to our customers’ needs for high level functions.
Most frequently requested gas types
He
SiH4
SiH2Cl2
Semiconductor (Si)
TEOS (Si (OC 2H5)4)
Average Price
AERA TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT
PI-980™ Series
NeuralStep™ Control Technology
Pressure-Insensitive, Multi-Gas / Multi-Range digital MFC
TRANSFORMER™ Series
Multi-Gas / Multi-Range digital MFC
Single Gas digital MFC
Analog MFC
AsH3
Semiconductor (Compound)
Performance, Technology
NH3
PH3
MO
B2H 6
CF4
PV
HCl
NF3
TFT-LCD
MFC Application Areas
TMG ((CH3)3GA)
WF6
Glass fiber
HBr
GeH4
N2O
2
Analytical Instruments, Biopharmaceuticals, Catalysis, Cell culture and fermentation control, Chemical Engineering, Fiber optics, Fuel cells, Glass coating,
Industrial, Life Sciences, Medical device, Modified Atmosphere Packaging MAP),
Optoelectronics, Petrochemical, Photovoltaics, Process Industry, Quality control,
Semiconductors, Solar cells, Surface Technology.
Ultimate Technology
Now designed to play a major role in next generation of controllers
MFC Quality and Precision
accuracy - Repeatability - High leak integrity - temperature stability - low zero drift - Speed
AERA® and SAM® Mass Flow Controllers enjoy a well deserved reputation from
globally recognized customers. They are valued as a premium performance design. Advanced products have been developed in close contact with our customer’s
needs for functions meeting or even exceeding the next generation of requirements of high performance and highest product quality: Multi-Range and Multi-
Gas functionality, guaranteed control accuracy with the actual gas, Pressure Insensitivity function and built-in Shut-Off-Valves. Complete Digital Remote Control
with extended program functionality like Flow-Rate-Verification are appropriate
steps to receive ongoing good marks from our customers caused from limiting investment and precise flow control.
Thermal Sensor Technology
Flow sensing
sConsists of two heated resistance wires wound around the outside of a thin walled
capillary tube.
sThe resistance of the coils is known at given temperatures.
Our flow rate sensor, another key component in MFC’s, employs a coil type thermal
sensor based on technology we have been accumulating for half a century, thus
resulting in extreme reliability.
sThe coils are connected in a bridge circuit and supplied with regulated current.
sChanges in the bridge resistance are related to mass flow rate, thus creating the
basis value for control.
Sensor drive voltage
First stage amplifier
Temperature
DC voltage out
proportional to
flow
Current Sense Resistor
No flow
Flow
Flow
Distance along sensor tube
Fig.: Flow and temperature change
System Solutions
Fig.: Flow measuring with wheatstone bridge
Gas panel technology trends
Gas handling applications vary f.e. from flame control over atmosphere
control to plasma control. Precise gas and gas mixtures mass flow into
process chambers therefore enable sophisticated gas treatment for high end
products to be manufactured. Because the need of a flow rate guarantee
to be able to generate reproducible processes is absolutely indispensable,
AERA® and SAM® system engineering delivers convincing packages.
Modular, compact installations, leak proofed device, highly developed multi
functionality systems are - not really surprising - future proofed and a safe
investment.
Regulators
Displays
Air operated valve
Pressure transducer
Manual valve
Filter
MFC
Process gas in
Process gas out
Process gas outlet
Fig.: System integration with modular, compact installations
Fig.: Progressive system miniaturization
3
Software / control
Control - Consoles - Connectors
Depending on the model, the set point value and actual
value signals can be predefined and fed back either by
analog or digital communication: analog via standard
signal interface or digital via RS-232/RS-422 or field bus
interface (Profibus, Device Net, Ethernet). The digital
RS-232 or RS-422 interface is required for communication with the Mass Flow Controller software (device
dependent). The microprocessor controlled electronics
provide significant benefits: they reduce drift and offset
occurrences of the components and enable softwarebased control of the most important processes. The
relevant data for this (calibration curves, correcting
functions, control functions, etc.) can be stored in the
memory. Operator consoles are available in two different models (RO 120, ROD-4A) - each one suitable for certain functions and number of control channels.
Single channel unit: RO 120 Readout Unit is capable to
supply power to a single MFC, controlling flow rate and
providing readouts of the flow rate.
Multi channel unit: The ROD-4A is an operating unit for
up to four mass flow controllers in combination with
analog or digital MFC, which correspond to the available
connections. The operation can be executed via keypad
at the front panel of the device or interface RS232 via PC
alternatively. In order to maintain the preset mixture of
gases at changing flow rates the ROD-4A has a master/
slave function.
Fig.: Readout units RO 120 and ROD-4a front view
Field Programmability
The Programming Window allows to be configured the
connected MFC recognized on the Search Window.
This window allows you to send a gas type, CF type
and full scale to an individually specified MFC. Reading
the configured data in the MFC, printing the read data
and reading/writing data file is also available on this
window.
Fig.: GUI Programming window
DeviceNet™ Communication
PLC
Master
DN
+24V VDC
Power
Distribution Box
PLC bus line
DeviceNet™ Cable
DeviceNet™ is a field network world wide recognized, and it is approved as a standard
sensor bus by the SEMI. Field devices can be connected using serial communication in
place of an I/O connection, allowing transfer of a large volume of data effectively. The
DeviceNet TM specifications are administrated by the ODVA (Open DeviceNet™ Vendor
Association, Inc.) a non-profit body established to promote the spread of this system
world-wide.
Benefits
●No need of AD / DA / O board which can decrease configuration and set up costs.
●Only network cables are needed reducing cabling costs.
●With power supply of +24 VDC no need of ±15 VDC for MFC.
●DeviceNet™ specifications follow international standards opening lots of control
devices available from multiple vendors.
Fig.: DeviceNet connected device
4
Implemented Functions
Pressure Insensitive Function
PI
PI Benefits
The PI (Pressure Insensitive) function improves the controller‘s ability to tolerate ●Smaller fluctuations in the actual flow rate
variations in the primary pressure. This function improves durability and is currently
●More stable gas flow to the chamber improves process results and yield
highly desired in mass flow controllers.
●Faster response enables new processes and faster throughput
Upstream gas supply pressure changes may cause ordinary mass flow controllers to
fluctuate in pressure because the MFC tries to maintain control as it detects pressure
change at the flow rate sensor. Therefore, any current mass flow controller, without
this regulator, is directly influenced by fluctuation in the gas supply inlet pressure,
and the actual flow rate will change instantly by a large amount.
PC Board / Electronics
Circuit
- No overshoot
- Quick response for
1.0 sec for 0-100%
- Less than 1.5 sec
even at low setting
of 0-5%
- Little dependent on
the type of gas
Valve
Actuator
Pressure
Sensor
Flow and
temperature
sensor
Valve actuator
- Piezo electric stack
is used
Metal diaphragm
- NiCo alloy
- Excellent corrosion
resistance and stable
operation
- Minimized particle
generation and sliding parts
Control
Valve
Bypass
Body
Gas inlet
Gas outlet
Surface
- Special
electropolishing
Sensor
- Large diameter to
make clog-proof
- Ni Sensor for CIFs
and HF
- Ni free sensor for
CO and O3
Material
- 316LSS (Standard)
- 16LSS (Developed 3)
- VIM-VAR (Option)
Valve orifice
- Simple flow path
- Optimized
Fig.: PI Function components
Multi-Gas / Multi-Range Function
Fig.: PI function and
pressure fluctuation
How does a PI-function work?
An additional pressure sensor measures the fluctuations in gas pressure before it
reaches the flow sensor .
Then NeuralStep - an additive control algorithm - makes the valve adjustment to keep
the flow stable and accurate before the pressure fluctuation reaches the flow sensor.
This interrupts the feedback from the flow rate sensor to the control valve, and keeps
the control valve opening at an optimum level..
What is the result of PI-function?
Output flow rate and pressure change will be significantly reduced in both the
amount and timing. Downstream processing will be less influenced.
MG / MR
A conventional mass flow controller only guarantees the flow rate accuracy with N2
gas and one controller would only handle one type of gas and one full scale flow rate
range. This means, that customers need to have a dedicated mass flow controller for
each system, and for each process recipe.
To get the flow rate conditions for your actual gas using a conventional MFC, a conversion factor must be used as a coefficient to convert the flow rate. The reference values
for these coefficients have been based of a variety of values, including calculated values, actually measured values, and empirical values. And, these were merely guidelines or reference values with some gas types.
Benefits
●Allows one mass flow controller to handle two or more gas types and ranges
●The need for dedicated devices is reduced to only a few models
●Reduces the capital investment and inventory liability
●Performance (precision and response) can be maintained after gas change
●MG/MR is the biggest achievement that digital technology brought to MFC
N2 500 SCCM
With flow controllers equipped with the MG/MR function, you can have up to a lot of
user recipes to match the intended flow range, and you can change the gas type and
flow rate to match the actual gas you want to handle by changing the metering conditions instantly connecting the MFC to a personal computer.
Our actual gas flow rate accuracy warranty system backs up this MG/MR function.
With MG/MR mass flow controllers, in addition to the flow rate reference for N2 gas
(that ensures conformance with the national standard using the conventional gravimetric method), we installed full scale actual gas metering and exhaust gas processing facilities at our factory. Using these facilities, measurement is made for each type
of gas at each full-scale range, and record the data. This is then used as actual gas
data.
RS232
RS485
Before conversion
Host PC
After conversion
Simple use of the MG/MR conversion program
Gas type and flow rate can be converting using an MG/MR with a simple GUI interface
conversion program. Connect the mass flow controller to a personal computer using a
digital communication cable, first select the gas type, and then flow rate units. A the
flow rate range will appear, change it and the setting is complete.
SF6 100 SCCM
O2 300 SCCM
HBr 400 SCCM
Fig.: MG/MR driven device simplification
5
Implemented Functions
Valve Shut-off Function
Construction: Integrates a miniature solenoid
driven penumatic valve (normally open).
VSO
Available only for series
The major purpose of the valve-shut-off function is to reduce the gas purge time that
is required to vent residual gas in the space between the downstream pneumatic
valve and the mass flow controller valve. The ordinary flow rate control valve installed
in a mass flow controller cannot shut-off the gas completely. In order to overcome
this problem, a valve is integrated near the downstream flow rate control valve, to
enable the Valve Shut-off Function. This pneumatic valve is a normally fully open
type. It absolutely shuts off all gas with a setting of 0 % or when a close fully signal
is received. Also the volume of gas leaking (that could cause a gas surge) will be
approximately 1/10 that in a combination of an ordinary mass flow controller and
pneumatic valve.
G Series MFC
Operation: Shuts off the gas inlet completely
when set to 0 % or when connected to a
close fully input signal
Dead volume 0.25 ccm (appr.
1/10 of a standard MFC)
Diaphragm valve
Benefits
Gas inlet
Gas outlet
Minature
pneumatic
valve
●VSO reduces the gas purge time
●Reduction of gas that can surge into a chamber
●Shorten the gas purge time needed to achieve a stable flow rate
●Provides productivity improvements
●Reduces the amount of wasted expensive gas
Pneumatic valve
operation air:
0.4 to 0.7 MPa
Solenoid to drive the
pneumatic valve
Fig.: Example - G2 Series construction
Flow Rate Verification Function
FVF
Available only for series
Flow rate verification is a method for verifying changes in the flow rate over time. It
compares reference data for normal operation when starting to the current flow rate
verification results at certain intervals.
Operation
A tank with an integrated pressure sensor and a side inlet valve are the main items
used for verification. At the beginning of the verification the MFC temporarily stops
the normal flow rate control and locks the opening position of the flow rate control
valve. Next, the side inlet valve closes.
Fig.: Flow rate
verification
The requirements for flow rate accuracy and repeatable performance of MFCs
are constantly growing. In manufacturing semiconductor devices, where process
margins are tight and stopping operation of the devices is not allowed, it must be
possible to evaluate the performance of the mass flow controller without removing
it from the gas circuit.
The chart below shows the relationship between the internal tank pressure P and the
flow rate sensor output RO, with time on the horizontal axis and pressure and output
on the vertical axis. After closing the side inlet valve, P and RO change as shown
below. The amount of flow rate deviation (the verification value), can be obtained
from the ratio between flow rate when starting to use the MFC, and the results of the
verification calculation after a certain period has elapsed.
Operation uses a special program on a personal computer. Another method is a stand
alone operation using the MFC by itself. With this method, the zero reset switch on
top of the main housing is used for the verification and the verification results are
shown on the LCD. This method does not need a personal computer. The third method
controls the operation with commands from a system.
In any of these methods, the basic operation procedures are the same. You can easily
calibrate a periodically verified flow rate.
Benefits
●You can identify risks that might otherwise cause significant damage to your
products
●Verifying changes in the flow rate over time
●Verification can be checked on a personal computer display or on the LCD
Fig.: Flow
calibration
6
●Prolongs the life of the mass flow controller
●Contributes to maintaining planned maintenance cycles
MFC Series AERA®
Analog Mass Flow Controller FC-R7700
Highlights
Precise, economical, elastomer-sealed design.
As the field-proven standard for a range of applications,
AERA® FC-R7700 series delivers precise flow
control, while offering the economic benefits of elastomer
seals.
Features
●Elastomer seals
●VCR® , VCO®, and Swagelok® compatible connections
●Full-scale flow ranges from 10 SCCM to 200 slm
●Normally-closed or normally open solenoid control valve
●Leak integrity of 1x10 -6 atm-cc/sec of He
For process and equipment engineers working in the
semiconductor, flat panel display, data storage, industrial
vacuum, and industrial coating markets, this series provides
high reliability and superior performance for non-corrosive
gas applications, including CVD, PVD, etch, ion implantation,
sputtering, thermal oxidation, optical glass coating, optical
fiber, surface treatment, and other coating processes.
Benefits
●Fast response < 2 sec flow setting time between set
points
●Easy integration - standard connectors and dimensions
Analog Mass Flow Controller FC-R 7800
Highlights
Precise, reliable, metal-sealed corrosion resistant design
AERA® FC-R7800 series delivers precise flow control, as well as
the corrosion resistance and high leak integrity
of metal seals, to suit the majority of gas-controlled applications.
Corrosion resistant design. Superior results - high-quality
thin-film characteristics. Suits the majority of gas-controlled
applications. Convenience-enhancing features, such as
standard electrical connectors and standardized critical
dimensions allow quick-and-easy replacement of existing
mass flow controllers with no installation hassles.
Convenience-enhancing features, such as standard electrical
connectors and standardized critical dimensions
allow quick-and-easy replacement of existing mass flow
controllers (MFCs).
Features
Benefits
●Metal seals
●Corrosion resistance
●VCR® , VCO®, and Swagelok® compatible connections
●Full-scale flow ranges from 10 SCCM to 200 slm
●Normally-closed or normally open solenoid control valve
●Leak integrity of 1x10 -10 atm-cc/sec of He
●Fast response < 1 sec flow settling time between set
points
●Easy integration — standard connectors and dimensions
●Outstanding reliability
●Superior results — high-quality thin-film characteristics
Digital/Analog Mass Flow Controller FC-DR980
Implemented Functions
MG / MR
Highlights
Leading digital Multi-Gas/Multi-Range MFC, providing
superior versatility in various systems.
Easily field-programmable to run various gas types. For quick
gas and full-scale reassignment.
AERA® FC-DR980 series deliver performance excellence and
operational versatility, resulting in significant cost savings
and ease of use.
Multiple output options enable analog or digital control. For
comprehensive monitoring and control capabilities, RS-485
communications (RS-232 with converter) , combined with a
full range of diagnostic and alarm functions, put operational
parameters at your fingertips.
Features
●Multi-Gas/ Multi-Range selection
●Multi mode operation: analog, analog/digital and digital
modes for operation with any control system
●Highly sensitive, rapid response and small diameter sensor
●Piezoelectric control valves
●Multiple alarm and diagnostic capabilities
●Metal seals with a leak integrity of 1x10-10
●Electro-polished and ultra-cleaned gas-wetted surfaces
Benefits
●Superior accuracy, repeatability and stability
●Significant cost savings
●Superior operational versatility
●Superior reliability
7
MFC Series AERA®
Digital/Analog Mass Flow Controller TRANSFORMER
Transforms your process with greater flexibility and
lower cost of ownership.
Implemented Functions
MG / MR
Suitable for a variety of applications, including CVD,
PVD, diffusion and etch, Transformer mass flow
controllers (MFCs) and mass flow meters (MFMs) will
transform your process, providing superior flexibility
and efficiency for improved yield, higher productivity,
and lower cost of ownership.
Highlights
Advanced sensor and valve technology, field-proven
platform components and high-speed, digital circuitry
deliver very precise gas flow control. Transformer
enables film deposition and etch characteristics that are
not only extremely uniform, but also highly repeatable.
Designed with field-proven AERA® platform components and high-speed digital circuitry, Transformer has
achieved superior reliability performance with < 0.5%
zero drift over one year and superior repeatability of
0.2% of full scale. Comprehensive communication and
control functions include flow, valve and CPU alarms,
gas-flow totalizing and ramping control, system override capabilities and in-situ gas and range customization. Transformer‘s outstanding technology
capabilities reduces overall costs by cutting inventory
requirements (Just 8 Transformers can replace
hundreds of spares and part numbers).
Features
●All-metal seals and ultra-pure design
●Multi-gas, multi-range selection
●Fast response
●Field programmable
●Wide range of gas selection without recalibration
●Long term zero point stability
● Multiple alarm and diagnostic capabilities
Benefits
●Outstanding accuracy, repeatability, and stability
●Superior reliability
●Comprehensive communication and control
●Easy integration
●Substantial cost savings
●World-class service and support
●Just eight multi-gas, multi-range Transformer MFCs
can replace hundreds of spares and part numbers
Digital/Analog Mass Flow Controller FC-PI 980
Next-generation PI technology for tomorrow’s manufacturing demands.
With industry-leading flow control technology, AERA®
PI-980 Series pressure- insensitive MFCs anticipate the
increasing demands of next-generation semiconductor
manufacturing processes, including etch, CVD, PVD and
diffusion.
Features
●All-metal seals and ultra-pure design
●Pressure-insensitive operation
lIntegrated self diagnostics
●High accuracy and repeatability
●Integrated gas panel components
●Live gas certified, multi-gas,multi-range
configuration
●Field programmable
●DeviceNet™, RS-485, and analog control
Implemented Functions
PI
8
Benefits
●Improved gas delivery performance and production
yields
●Easy integration on tool
●Substantial gas panel cost savings
●Reduced gas panel footprint
●Real-time communication and control
●World-class service and support
Highlights
This innovative technology platform provides faster
response, greater gas-flow stability and superior
real-time process control when compared to previous
technologies. High-flow stability delivers greater chamber-to-chamber process repeatability for improved
production yields. Its’s design integrates traditional
thermal flow architecture with a pressure and temperature sensor, and Neural Step control technology. This
creates a single, compact delivery package, eliminating
the need for a number of costly gas panel components
traditionally utilized. Multi-gas, multi-range functionality dramatically reduces supporting inventory requirements, further enhancing cost efficiency. In addition
to integrated diagnostics, this next-generation MFC
technology has been combined with our field-proven
D980 series product platform design to increase system
uptime and make trouble shooting quick and easy.
MFC Series AERA®
Overview Mass Flow Controllers
Model
FC-R 7700
FC-R 7800
FC-DR980
Transformer
FC-PI 980
Type
Analog MFC
Analog MFC
Analog/digital MFC
Analog /digital MFC
Analog/digital MFC
Short
Precise, economical,
elastomer-sealed
design
Precise, reliable,
metal-sealed design
Providing superior
versatility in various
systems
Transform your
processes with greater
flexibility and lower cost
of ownership
Next-generation PI
technology for tomorrow’s manufacturing
demands
MG/MR
MG/MR
PI
Analog 0 - 5V
Analog 0 - 5V /
DeviceNet™ and RS485
Analog 0 - 5V /
DeviceNet™ and RS485
Analog 0 - 5V / Ethernet,
DeviceNet™ and RS485
Corrosion resistant
design. Superior results
- high-quality thin-film
characteristics.
Multiple alarm &
diagnostic capabilities.
Multi-gas, multi-range,
multi-mode.
Field programmable.
Wide range of gases
without recalibration.
Comprehensive communication and control
Pressure insensitive. Superior real-time process
control. Real time communication and control.
Live gas certified.
Functions
Control modes
Analog 0 - 5V
Specialties
Flow range
0,01-200 SLM
0,01-200 SLM
0,01 - 50 SLM
0,01 - 30 SLM
0,005 - 100 SLM
Normal operating pressure
5 bar / 70 psi
5 bar / 70 psi
5 bar / 70 psi
5 bar / 70 psi
7 bar / 100 psi
Response time
< 2 sec
< 1 sec
< 1 sec
< 1 sec
< 1 sec
Accuracy
< 1,0 % of FS*
< 1,0 % of FS*
< 0,25% FS/ 1% of SP**
< 0,25% FS/ 1% of SP**
< 0,25% FS/ 1% of SP**
Stability
< 0,5 % / 1 % of FS*
< 0,5 % / 1 % of FS
Superior
< 0,5 % of FS
Superior
< 0,5 % of FS
Superior
< 0,5 % of FS
Repeatability
< 0,2 % of FS
< 0,2 % of FS
< 0,15 % of FS
< 0,2 % of FS
< 0,25 % of FS
Sealing
Elastomer design
Metal design
Metal design
Metal design
Metal design
Leak
integrity
1x10 -6 atm-cc/sec
1x10 -10 atm-cc/sec
1x10 -10 atm-cc/sec
1x10 -10 atm-cc/sec
of He
of He
of He
of He
1x10 -10 atm-cc/sec
of He
Connections
VCR® , VCO® and
Swagelok® comp.
VCR® , VCO® and
Swagelok® compatible
VCR®, IGS (C or W seal)
VCR®, IGS (C or W seal)
VCR®, IGS (C or W seal)
Control valve
NO or NC solenoid
NO or NC solenoid
NO or NC piezoelectric
NO or NC solenoid
NO or NC piezoelectric
Multiple capabilities
Multiple capabilities
Multiple capabilities
Alarm and
diagnostics
Easy
integration
Standard connectors
and dimensions
Standard connectors
and dimensions
Replacing other
brands—with no
installation hassles
Easy integration on tool
Cost
aspects
Effective and precise
design
Allows quick-and-easy Dramatically reduction
replacement of existing of spare inventory
mass flow controllers
Reduces overall costs
by cutting inventory requirements, can replace
any other MFC used in
the process, regardless
of gas type
Substantial gas panel
cost savings. Increasing
system uptime and make
troubleshooting easy
*) FS = Full scale, value depends on model. **) SP = Setpoint, value depends on setting: <25% of FS: 0,25 % of FS, 25-100 % of FS: 1% of SP.
Response or Settling Time
The time that it takes, for actual flow, it to stabilize after
a set point change has been made.
Repeatability
Another primary factor is the repeatability of actual flow
for an MFC or from one MFC to another at any set point.
Linearity
Linearity is the straightness of the curve of actual flow
vs. set point, in other words, accuracy over the entire
flow range.
Stability
Stability refers to the ability of an MFC to maintain
stable flow levels through short-term effects such as
pressure and temperature changes, and through langterm effects such as aging of the component parts.
Zero Drift
Zero drift is the most common complaint of MFC users.
It is a time-dependent shifting of the zero calibration
point from its original zero value to an offset value, and
is generally caused by aging effects of various electrical
components on the PC board as well as by aging of the
sensor windings. The aging phenomenon that results in
zero drift not only causes a shift in the zero calibration
point but also a shift of the entire curve of control
voltage vs. flow.
Zero drift has been essentially eliminated in AERA® flow
products. The typical zero drift of our MFCs is less than
0.5% of full-scale flow over a period of one year. This is
the result of using the highest-quality sensor wire and
electrical components on the PC board. Perhaps more
importantly, the sensors assembled in our MFC, are
subjected to extreme burn-in procedure and stringent,
multiple QC inspections to screen out all marginal
components.
Thus means, we do not hide the zero drift move, we
prevent it.
9
MFC Series SAM®
Digital/Analog Mass Flow Controllers series SFC-F
SFC-F is the basic series of compact digital MFCs.
Features
●Diaphragm direct sealing valve
●Original digital control method
●High accuracy by digital multi-point calibration
●High accuracy at low flow set-points
●Long-time stability of zero
●Minimized dead space
●No need to switch gas piping
●A wealth of data resources available
●Very low differential pressure < 10 Torr available
●Simple valve structure allows high Cv-value reserve
despite compact dimensions
Benefits
●Outstanding control characteristics
●Large amounts of data are available
●MFC selection according to service gas type,
operation pressure and temperature conditions
G series
Valve
shut-off
function
Inline flow rate
verification and
self calibration
Integrated
pressure/
temp. sensors
Dual range
type
PI Function
MG/MR
Function
Small
zero drift
Diaphragm
direct sealing
valve
Flow rate
accuracy
guaranteed
F series
Fig.: SAM MFC
functionalities
All in One Functionality
With SAM’s advanced technologies, such as its reliable diaphragm valve structure,
digital control, etc., the G series offers innovative features that can be used for a
variety of new functions. Hitachi Metals is developing a product lineup that best
meets user’s needs, such as an all-in-one mass flow controller that includes all the
functions along with models that include only desired functions.
Sectional View
The G series controllers are all-in-one mass flow controllers ready for
the next generation of requirements for guaranteed accuracy with the
actual gas, MG/MR, PI, valve shut off, and flow rate verification.
Fig.: Sectional view with diaphragm
10
MFC Series SAM®
Series SFC-1480F
SFC-1480F Series is a basic series of compact digital Mass
Flow Controllers offering very low flow.
Features
Benefits
●Very fast response < 0,7-1,2 sec flow settling time
●Metal / rubber seals
●Flow 1 SCCM - 20 SLM (12 models available)
●Leak integrity < 1x10 -11Pa m3/s He (Viton 10 -8)
●Monitoring of operation using digital interface is
possible
●Minimal particle generation
●Long operation life
Series SFC-1580/1680F
SFC-1580/1680F series is the high temperature version of compact digital Mass Flow Controllers.
Features
Benefits
●Higher operating temperature 150 °C
●Built-in structure to prevent recondensation
●Fast response < 1 sec flow settling time
●Metal seals
●Flow 10 SCCM - 30 SLM (14 models available)
●Leak integrity < 1x10 -11 Pa m3/s He
●Application into high temperature processing
●Easy integration - standard connectors and
dimensions
Higher
Operating Temperatures
Series SFC-1480/2480FX
This highly advanced SAM® brand model with advanced
sensor and valve technology, field-proven components
and high-speed, digital circuitry delivers precise flow
control even at very low flow rate down to 1 SCCM.
Features
●Multi-gas, multi-range selection
●Pressure-insensitive operation
●Diaphragm direct sealing valve
●Extremely reliable coil type thermal sensor
●Guaranteed precision
●Extremely corrosion-proof with stable control
waveform NiCo alloy diaphragm
●Unique, special electro-polished surfaces
●High corrosion resistance
●Low flow rates available (1 SCCM)
●Comprehensive alarm functions
Highlights
A separate control unit with heat proofed connection, a
lower sensor heating temperature, and high temperature piezo-stack are used. A simple valve structure,
which does not compress and expand gas, prevents
re-condensation.
MFC F series with separate Control Unit SCU 1500
Implemented Functions
MG / MR PI
Highlights
Designed with field-proven components and highspeed digital circuitry, FX has achieved superior
reliability performance with < 0.5 % zero drift over one
year and superior repeatability of 0.06 % of full scale.
Comprehensive communication and control functions
include flow, valve and CPU alarms, gas-flow totalizing
and ramping control, system override capabilities and
in-situ gas and range customization. FX‘s outstanding
technology capabilities reduces overall costs by cutting
inventory requirements.
DN
Benefits
●Outstanding accuracy, repeatability, and stability
●Impressive alarm and diagnostic functions
●Comprehensive communication and control
●Superior reliability flexibility
●Greater flexibility and lower cost of ownership
11
MFC Series SAM®
Overview F Series
Model
SFC 1460 F
SFC 1470 F
SFC 1480 F
SFC 1580/1680 F
SFC 1570/1670 F
Short
Compact low flow model
Compact quick response
models
Compact quick response
models
High temperature, quick
response models, recondensation preventing
High temperature, quick
response models
Flow range
0,001-0,01 SLM
Flow customer specified
10 - 20 SLM
0,01-30 SLM
Flow customer specified
Specialties
Very low flow, vacuum
serving. Minimized dead
space and particle generation.
Very low differential
pressure less than 0,2 psi.
Minimized dead space and
particle generation.
Very low flow, vacuum
serving. Minimized
dead space and particle
generation.
Very low flow, vacuum
serving. Minimized
dead space and particle
generation.
Very low differential
pressure less than 0,2 psi.
Minimized dead space
and particle generation.
Operating pressure
7 - 44 psi
Customer specified
7 - 44 psi
7 - 44 psi
Customer specified
Operating
Temperature °C
5 - 50°C
5 - 50°C
5 - 50°C
5 - 80°C / 150°C (1680F)
5 - 80°C / 150°C (1670F)
Response Time
< 2 sec
< 1 sec
< 1 sec
0,7 - 1,2 sec
0,7 - 1,2 sec
Control Valve
NC or NC piezoelectric
NO or NC piezoelectric
NO or NC piezoelectric
NO or NC piezoelectric
NO piezoelectric
Leak integrity
1x10-10 atm-cc/sec of He
(rubber sealing 1x10 -8)"
1x10-10 atm-cc/sec of He
1x10-10 atm-cc/sec of He
1x10-10 atm-cc/sec of He
1x10-10 atm-cc/sec of He
Overview FX- and G-Series
Normal operating pressure: 7 - 44 psi, Operating temperature: 5 - 50°C, Response time:< 1 sec, Surface treatment: Special electropolishing.
Model
SFC 1480/2480 FX
SFC 1480/2480 G1
SFC 1480/2480 G2
SFC 1480/2480 G3
SFC 1480/2480 G4
Type
Digital MFC/MFM
Digital MFC/MFM
Digital MFC/MFM
Digital MFC/MFM
Digital MFC/MFM
MG/MR function
x
x
x
x
x
PI function
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Valve shut-off
function
Flow rate verification function
x
LCD display unit
x
x
Flow range
0,001 - 50 SLM
0,005 - 50 SLM
0,005 - 50 SLM
0,005 - 0,05 SLM
0,005 - 50 SLM
Communication
DeviceNet™, RS-485, RS232
and analog
DeviceNet™, RS-485,
RS232 and analog
DeviceNet™, RS-485, RS232
and analog
DeviceNet™, RS-485,
RS232 and analog
DeviceNet™, RS-485,
RS232 and analog
Specialties
Extremely reliable thermal
coil sensor. Reduced
particular contamination,
high corrosion resistance,
outstanding control performance. LCD display (temp,
pressure, set, output)
PI function reduces gas
supply inlet pressure
fluctuation influence in
the actual flow rate. LCD
display (temp, pressure,
set, output)
100% shut-off valve reduces
gas surge into a chamber
and gas purge time, provides
productivity improvements.
LCD display (temp, pressure,
set, output)
Including features of G1 +
G2; G3 offers a LCD display
unit. LCD display (temp,
pressure, set, output)
Outstanding top model
offering all available
functions. LCD display
(temp, pressure, set,
output)
Control valve
NO or NC piezoelectric
NO pneumatic
NO pneumatic
NO pneumatic
NO pneumatic
Sealing
metal design
metal design
metal design
metal design
metal design
Leak integrity
1x10 -10 atm-cc/sec of He
1x10 -10 atm-cc/sec of He
1x10 -10 atm-cc/sec of He
1x10 -10 atm-cc/sec of He
1x10 -10 atm-cc/sec
of He
Connections
W/C/H1G seal, 1/4" HMJ
male
W/C/H1G seal, 1/4" HMJ
male
W/C/H1G seal
W/C/H1G seal
W/C/H1G seal
Alarm and diagnostics
Comprehensive alarm and
diagnostic functions
Comprehensive alarm and
diagnostic functions, LED
display
Comprehensive alarm and
diagnostic functions, LED
display
Comprehensive alarm and
diagnostic functions, LED
display
Comprehensive alarm
and diagnostic functions, LED display
12
x
MFC Series SAM®
Digital/Analog Mass Flow Controllers series G1 - G4
From the release of the first SAM® Flow controller, SAM®
controllers continue in the tradition of perfection. Now
SAM® brand G models satisfy the demand for the next
generation of semiconductor production meeting or
exceeding the next generation of requirements.
The MG/MR function handles two or more gases and
ranges and reduces the capital investment and inventory
liability. Even though G series provide a flow rate accuracy
guarantee for the actual gas type, the precision and
response of the flow can be maintained after any change.
PI function reduces gas supply inlet pressure fluctuation
influence on flow rate by sensing changes with a
supplementary incorporated pressure sensor. From there
control valve will be kept opening at optimum level.
Usually a pneumatic control valve is installed up and
down stream to shut of gas stream completely if
necessary. But sometimes leaking gas may be left over
in-between. To avoid unwanted gas surge because of
that, a positive shut-off valve function (VSO) with an
ultra-small pneumatic valve linked to the control valve
has been integrated.
Features
Benefits
●Guaranteed control accuracy
●Integrated pressure/temperature sensors
●Extremely corrosion-proof with stable control
waveform NiCo alloy diaphragm
●Diaphragm direct sealing valve
●Unique, special electro-polished surfaces
●High corrosion resistance
●Comprehensive alarm functions
●Outstanding repeatability, accuracy and stability
●Impressive alarm and diagnostic functions
●Comprehensive communication and control
●Superior reliability flexibility
●Greater flexibility and lower cost of ownership
sensor and side inlet valve) and reporting deviations by
comparing measured with previously recorded data. By
that, risks may be identified soonest without causing
damage and the MFC’s life might be prolonged.
An LCD display (temp, pressure, set, output) easifies any
necessary control routines.
Highlights
G1 has achieves superior reliability performance
with < 0.5 % zero drift over one year and superior
repeatability of 0.01 % of full scale. Comprehensive
communication and control functions include flow,
valve and CPU alarms, gas-flow totalizing and ramping
control, system override capabilities and in-situ gas
and range customization. G‘s outstanding technology
capabilities reduces overall costs by cutting inventory
requirements.
G series achieves superior reliability performance
with < 0.5 % zero drift over one year and superior
Wherever process margins are tight and the repeatability of 0.01 % of full scale. Comprehensive
interruption of ongoing processes is not possible, communication and control functions include flow,
MFC’s performance must be possible to be valve and CPU alarms, gas-flow totalizing and ramping
evaluated without removing it from the gas circuit. control, system override capabilities and in-situ gas
In line flow verification and self calibration functions and range customization. G‘s outstanding technology
(FVF) turns that demand into reality, integrating a capabilities reduces overall costs by cutting inventory
verification system (tank and integrated pressure requirements.
Implemented Functions
Series 1480/2480 G1
G1 models satisfy the demand for the next generation of
semiconductor production.
Features
●Multi-gas, multi-range selection
●Pressure-insensitive operation
Valve shut-off function
●LCD display (temp, pressure, set, output) easifies
control routines
Series 1480/2480 G2
G2 models satisfy the demand for the next generation
of semiconductor production.
Features
●Multi-gas, multi-range selection
●Valve shut-off function
●Self calibration function
Implemented Functions
MG / MR VSO
Benefits
DN
MG / MR PI
●Great inlet pressure change insensitivity
●Allows one mass flow controller to handle two or more
gas types and ranges
●The need for dedicated devices is reduced to only a
few models
●Reduces the capital investment and inventory liability
●Performance maintained after gas change
DN
Benefits
●Shortening gas purge time needed
●Complete gas shut-off
●Gas leaking volume 1/10 related to that with a
standard combination (MFC and pneumatic valve)
●Reduction of gas surge
●Allows one mass flow controller to handle two or more
gas types and ranges
●The need for dedicated devices is reduced to only a
few models
●Reduces the capital investment and inventory liability
●Performance maintained after gas change
13
MFC Series SAM®
Series 1480/2480 G3
G3 models satisfy the demand for the next generation
of semiconductor production
Features
●Multi-gas, multi-range selection
●Pressure-insensitive operation PI
●LCD display (temp, pressure, set, output) easifies
control routines
●Self calibration function
Benefits
●Great inlet pressure change insensitivity
●Allows one mass flow controller to handle two or more
gas types and ranges
●The need for dedicated devices is reduced to only a
few models
Series 1480/2480 G4
G4 models is the most advanced MFC meeting or
exceeding the demand of the actual and also the next
generation of semiconductor production.
Features
●Multi-gas, multi-range selection
●Pressure-insensitive operation
●Valve shut-off function
●In-line integrated flow verification system
●Self calibration function
●LCD display (temp, pressure, set, output) easifies
control routines
Benefits
●Great inlet pressure change insensitivity
●Allows one mass flow controller to handle two or more
gas types and ranges
●The need for dedicated devices is reduced to only a
few models
●Reduces the capital investment and inventory liability
●Performance maintained after gas change
●Shortening gas purge time needed
●Complete gas shut-off
14
Implemented Functions
MG / MR PI VSO
●Reduces the capital investment and inventory liability
●Performance maintained after gas change
●Shortening gas purge time needed
●Complete gas shut-off
●Gas leaking volume 1/10 related to that with a
standard combination (MFC and pneumatic valve)
●Reduction of gas surge
●Allows one mass flow controller to handle two or more
gas types and ranges
●The need for dedicated devices is reduced to only a
few models
●Reduces the capital investment and inventory liability
●Performance maintained after gas change
DN
Implemented Functions
MG / MR PI VSO FVF
●Gas leaking volume 1/10 related to that with a
standard combination (MFC and pneumatic valve)
●Reduction of gas surge
●Allows one mass flow controller to handle two or more
gas types and ranges
●The need for dedicated devices is reduced to only a
few models
●Reduces the capital investment and inventory liability
●Performance maintained after gas change
DN
Our Company
The GCE Group
The GCE Group is Europe’s leading gas-equipment
company and organized according to four main business
areas: Process Applications, Cutting and Welding, Medical and High Purity.
Today’s product portfolio corresponds to a large variety
of applications, from simple pressure regulators and
blowpipes for Cutting and Welding to sophisticated gas
supply systems for medical and electronics industry
applications. GCE’s portfolio includes a large number
of brands such as Butbro, Charledave, DruVa, Mediline,
Mujelli, Propaline, Rhöna and Sabre Medical, which are
leaders within their own respective regional markets
and applications.
Netherlands representing an almost unequaled wealth
of experience of gas supply handling and device.
The GCE Group’s headquarters are located in Malmö,
from our central stock location in Prague we service
more than 8,000 customers across the world.
In addition to certification according to the ISO 9001
quality standard, products are tested and certified by
BAM, BSI, Norske Veritas, US DOT , UL, CEN, DIN and SIS,
among others.
Founded in 1968 the group now has in total 18
subsidiaries located in China, Czech Republic, France,
Germany, Hungary, India, Italy, Panama, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Spain, Sweden and the UK, with
additional local sales offices in Austria, Denmark and the
The GCE Group has grown rapidly since its establishment
and is leading the restructuring of the European gasequipment industry through mergers and acquisitions.
The group currently employs approximately 900 people.
Calibration - Service - Maintenance: Precise, quick and close to our customers
Repair, cleaning and calibration of MFC’s
Based upon a long experience in solid state, plasma
and high-frequency technologies the laboratory’s main
purposes of activity are technological and technical
sophisticated solutions as well as quick, professional
assistance especially by:
• Technology acceptance test in our facilities
• Cooperation with leading equipment suppliers for the
vacuum thin film technology and related components as
for example high frequency power supplies
• Collaboration with Research centers and Universities
with the latest measuring and analysis equipment.
Facilities, Equipment
Clean rooms for assembly and repair of processing
equipment.
Measuring equipment and power supplies
Service and Support for our customers
• RF / VHF measuring instruments.
• RF / VHF power supply up to 100 MHz.
• Optical emissions spectroscopy.
• Temperature array sensors.
• Vacuum measuring instruments.
• Repair, change calibration, re-calibration, full-service,
upgrade-service.
• Repair of regenerated and used devices.
• 24 h service seven days a week.
FAP GmbH Dresden - Gostritzer Str. 67 - 01217 Dresden/Germany - Tel.: + 49 351 8718110 - Fax: + 49 351 8718416 - E-mail: [email protected]
15
GCE worldwide - We are close to you !
Germany
GCE GmbH
Weyherser Weg 8
36043 Fulda
Phone: +49 (0)661-8393-0
Fax: +49 661 8393 25
[email protected]
Italy
GCE Mujelli spa
Via F. Cervi, 11
37036 San Martino B.A. (VR)
Phone: +39 045 878 0 525
Fax: +39 045 878 0 750
[email protected]
Czech Republic
GCE Trade s.r.o.
Zizkova 381
CZ-583 01 Chotebor
Phone: +420 569 661 122
Fax: +420 569 661 107
[email protected]
Poland
GCE Sp z o.o.
ul. Drapińska 12
03-581 Warszawa
Phone: +48 22 511 23 57
Fax: +48 22 677 70 90
[email protected]
France
GCE S.a.s.
70, rue du PUITS CHARLES
BP N° 40110
FR-58403 La Charité-sur-Loire
Phone: +33/3 86 69 46 00
Fax: +33/3 86 70 09 15
[email protected]
Portugal
GCE Portugal
Rua de Vila Boa, nş10, casa 16
PT-4520-160 Sta Maria da Feira
Phone: +351 256 373 682
Fax: +351 256 378 260
[email protected]
Hungary
GCE Hungária Kft.
II. Rákóczi Ferenc út 90/B
H-2314 Halásztelek
+36 (24) 521 200
Fax: +36 (24) 521 201
[email protected]
Romania
GCE Romania S.R.L
22, Al.Puskin Street, Ap.1,
Bucharest 1, 011996
Phone: +40 21 316 76 72
Fax: +40 21 316 76 74
[email protected]
India
GCE India Pvt Ltd.Headquarter
‘Prem-Bagh’ 1st floor
31 Benson Road, Benson Town
Bangalore 560046, Karnataka
Phone/Fax: +91 80 23631685
[email protected]
Spain
GCE Ibérica
C/ San Romualdo 12-14 3° 5
E-28037 Madrid
Phone: +34 91 571 98 74
Fax: +34 91 571 27 56
[email protected]
Sweden
GCE Norden AB
Källvattengatan 9
200 21 Malmö
Phone: +46-40-388300
Fax: +46-40-388353
[email protected]
United Kingdom & Ireland
GCE Ltd.
Yew Tree Way, Stone Cross Park
Golborne, Warrington WA3 3JD
Phone: +44 (0)1942 29 29 50
Fax: +44 (0)1942 29 29 77
[email protected]
P.R. China
No.4 Building, 318 Xiao Wan Road
Fengxian District, Shanghai 201401,
Phone: +86-21-37198408
Fax: +86-21-37198617
www.gcegroup.com
16
Russia
GCE Krass OOO
Russian Federation
129343, Moscow,
Urzhymskaya Street, no 4
Phone: +7 495 745 26 99
Fax: +7 495 745 26 90
[email protected]
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement