RD1000 + ™ oPe rati on man ual

oPe rati on man ual



P ortab le G r ou n d Pe n etrati n G radar SySte m

90/ r d1K+-oPman-e n G /01 i S S u e 1 04/2014 r e a d a n d u n d e r S ta n d t h i S m a n ua l P r i o r to o P e r at i n G t h e SyS t e m


before you begin

Thank you for your interest in Radiodetection’s


+ ground penetrating radar system.

Please read this operation manual before attempting to use the RD1000+ system.

Radiodetection products, including this manual, are under continuous development. The information contained within is accurate at time of publication; however the RD1000+, this manual and all its contents are subject to change.

Radiodetection Limited reserves the right to modify the product without notice and some product changes may have taken place after this user manual was published.

Contact your local Radiodetection dealer or visit www.radiodetection.com for the latest information about the RD1000+, including this manual and other product literature.

important notices


This instrument, or family of instruments, will not be permanently damaged by reasonable electrostatic discharge and has been tested in accordance with

IEC 801-2. However, in extreme cases temporary malfunction may occur. If this happens, switch off, wait and switch on again. If the instrument still malfunctions, disconnect the batteries for a few seconds.


This equipment should be used by fully qualified and trained personnel only.

This equipment is NOT approved for use in areas where hazardous gases may be present.


Radiodetection provides training services for most

Radiodetection products. Our qualified instructors will train equipment operators or other personnel at your preferred location or at Radiodetection headquarters.

For more information go to www.radiodetection.com or contact your local Radiodetection representative.

To see the full range of products and services provided by Radiodetection visit:


© 2014 Radiodetection Ltd. All rights reserved. Radiodetection is a subsidiary of SPX Corporation. SPX, the green “>” and “X” are trademarks of SPX

Corporation, Inc. Radiodetection and RD1000 are either trademarks of Radiodetection in the United States and/or other countries. Due to a policy of continued development, we reserve the right to alter or amend any published specification without notice. This document may not be copied, reproduced, transmitted, modified or used, in whole or in part, without the prior written consent of Radiodetection Ltd.

2 RD1000+ Operation Manual

table of contents

Preface 2

Before you begin

Important notices

General 2

Safety 2

Training 2



Section 1 Introduction

1.1 About this manual

1.2 About the RD1000+




Section 2 System Assembly

Section 3 Getting Started

3.1 Using the Display Unit

3.2 System Settings Screen

3.2.1 Scan

3.2.2 Language

3.2.4 Scale

3.2.5 Date

3.2.6 Time

3.2.7 Odometer Calibration

3.2.8 Power Off

3.2.9 System Information

3.3 Scanning Screen

3.4 Locating screen

3.4.1 Locating Cursor

3.4.2 Soil Type

3.4.3 Identifying Air Wave Reflections

3.5 Image Settings Screen

3.5.1 Scan

3.5.2 Clear Image

3.5.3 Color

3.5.4 Gain

3.5.5 Filter

3.5.6 Depth

3.5.7 Quit

3.6 Changing the Date and Time



























3.7 Screen icons

3.7.1 Systems settings menu

3.7.2 Locating screen menu

3.7.4 Date and time menus

Section 4 Surveying Techniques

4.1 Cross and mark

4.2 Limitations

Section 5 Troubleshooting

5.1 Power

5.2 System Communications

5.3 System Overheating

5.4 Display Unit Problem

5.5 Test Line

5.6 Contacting the Vendor for Service

Section 6 Care and Maintenance

6.1 Battery Care

6.2 Cable Care

6.3 Skid Pad

6.4 Odometer Calibration

6.5 Wheels

Appendix A

GPR Emissions, Interference and



Regulations 22

FCC Regulations 22

Part 15 – User Information

Operating Restrictions

FCC Interpretation of Operation Restrictions issued July 12, 2002

FCC Permitted Mode of Usage

GPR Use Coordination



ETSI Regulations for the EC (European Community) 24

Industry Canada Regulations – English 24

Règlement d’Industrie Canada – Français 24




Statement of warranty terms and conditions for Radiodetection products 26





















RD1000+ Operation Manual 3

Section 1 introduction

1.1 about this manual

This manual provides cable and pipe locators with basic operating instructions for the RD1000

+ ground penetrating radar system. before operating

the rd1000+ system it is very important that you read this manual, noting all safety warnings and procedures.

Following is an overview of the RD1000+ System and a brief introduction to RD1000+ and ground penetrating radar technology.

In the rest of this manual you will find assembly instructions (Section 2), a getting started guide

(Section 3) and an introductory guide to cable and pipe surveying techniques (Section 4). Also included is a troubleshooting guide in Section 5.

1.2 about the rd1000+

The RD1000+ is a ground penetrating radar system that allows the user to see many underground features. Unlike a traditional locator, the RD1000+ uses radar technology (specifically in the UHF/

VHF frequencies) and produces a visual map with characteristic cone-shaped images. The main advantage of this technology is that the RD1000+ can see non-conductive materials including plastic pipes.

The integrated digital signal processor (DSP) analyzes the resulting image map to give the operator information on depth. The unique ability to see a pipe or cable in its topographical context makes the

RD1000+ ideal for locating and excavating utilities.












4 RD1000+ Operation Manual

Section 2 System assembly

1. Open the main box; remove the Accessory Box,

Cart Base, and Sensor Box. Open each box and lay out all the components.



Heavy object:

Additional care must be taken when lifting.

3. Attach the Sensor to the Cart using the Sensor

Support Straps. Ensure the Sensor is oriented the correct way with the connections toward the back of the Cart. Using the Sensor Support

Straps, adjust the height of the Sensor so it’s

1-2 cm (½ – ¾ inch) above the ground.

Figure 2.1: system components

2. Attach the Cart Handle to Cart Base using the

Handle Pins. Ensure the Display Unit Mount is facing upwards.

Figure 2.3: sensor box installed

4. Attach the Display Unit to the Display Unit

Mount on the Cart. Depress the flexible clip and slide the Display Unit back far enough so the clip catches and secures it firmly in place.

Adjust the angle of the Display Unit by loosening the hand-screws underneath the Display Unit

Mount, rotating the Display Unit to the desired angle and tightening the hand-screws. This ensures the Display Unit does not rotate and damage the Display Cable.

Figure 2.2: cart assembled

Figure 2.4: display unit installed

RD1000+ Operation Manual 5

5. Attach the Display Cable to the back of the

Display Unit with the jackscrews. Connect the other end of the cable to the Sensor. Ensure the cable is routed correctly; above the lower cross arm on the Cart Handle and under the Battery tray.

7. Attach the Battery Cable to the Sensor and the Battery. The upper red light on the Display

Unit will illuminate indicating that there is power available for the system.

Figure 2.5: installing the battery cable

6. Attach the Odometer cable to the Sensor.

It connects to the closest receptacle on the


Figure 2.7: powering the sensor box

The system is now ready to use. Please be sure to read the remainder of this Operation Manual before using the system.

Figure 2.6: installing the odometer cable

6 RD1000+ Operation Manual

Section 3 Getting Started

3.1 using the display unit

The Display Unit has 8 buttons numbered 1 to 8, larger Pause and Camera buttons as well as buttons to increase and decrease the screen Contrast and


Turn on the system by pressing any button on front of the Display Unit. Both red lights will illuminate and after few seconds, the splash screen and menu will appear.

The menu option on the screen above the button indicates its function.

To operate the system:

3. Stop and back up to see the Locating Screen

(see Section 3.4) to mark the exact position of a target on the ground and to access the menu to estimate its depth.

4. When you push the cart forward again and reach the point where you originally stopped and backed up, the system will automatically start scanning again. Or press Clear Screen to start fresh.

5. At any time press the Pause button to change

Depth, Color, Gain etc. using the Image Settings

Screen (see Section 3.5) then press Scan (or

Pause again) to continue.

6. If the Display Unit has Compact Flash disk, pressing the Camera button saves the current screen image to the Compact Flash. Later, transfer images to a PC for re-plotting and printing.

3.2 System Settings Screen

Figure 3.1: display unit

1. The first screen displayed when the system is powered on is the System Settings Screen. It has options to start scanning or change settings such as language, measurement units, date and time (see Section 3.2).

2. To start scanning, press Scan to display the

Scanning Screen. When the scale appears on the right side of the screen, push the cart. The data image scrolls across the screen from the right (see Section 3.3).

Figure 3.2: system settings screen

3.2.1 Scan

Press the Scan button to start scanning

(see Section 3.3).

3.2.2 Language

Select the language for the menus. Pressing the button will cycle through the available language options. One option is Icons, see Section 3.7.

RD1000+ Operation Manual 7

3.2.3 Units

Units for the

Position Axis,

Depth Axis and

Depth Indicator can be either

Meters or Feet.

3. Both means both Depth

Lines and

Values are plotted on the data image:

Figure 3.3: units

3.2.4 Scale

The Scale button toggles to four different Scale options:

1. Lines means Depth Lines are plotted on the data image to assist with determining the depth of targets

(also see

Section 3.3).

Figure 3.6: text and line depth markers

4. Off means no Depth Lines and Values are plotted on the data image.

3.2.5 Date

Opens the Date Screen to change the current date

(see Section 3.5). Images are saved with this date.

3.2.6 Time

Opens the Time Screen to change the current date

(see Section 3.5). Images are saved with this time.

3.2.7 Odometer Calibration

Opens a sub-menu to recalibrate the odometer e.g. when changing wheel size. (See Section 6.4).

3.2.8 Power Off

Opens a sub-menu to confirm powering off the system. There is also an option to restore the system to factory default settings.

3.2.9 System Information

The top of the Systems Setting Screen displays the serial number of the GPR sensor, the software version number, the GPR Sensor frequency (in MHz) and the current battery voltage.

2. Text means

Depth Values are plotted in the center of the data image every

8 metres

(26 feet):

Figure 3.4: depth lines

Figure 3.5: text depth markers

8 RD1000+ Operation Manual

3.3 Scanning Screen

After pressing the Scan button, wait a few seconds for the vertical depth scale to appear on the right side of the screen, and then push the Cart forward.

A cross-sectional image of the ground scrolls onto the screen from the right to left. The position is displayed on the horizontal axis at the top while the depth is displayed on the vertical axis. The position and depth axes units are meters or feet depending on the units set in the Systems Setting Screen (Section 3.2).

Pressing the Pause button opens the Image Settings

Screen to change the current Color Palette, Depth,

Filter and Gain (see Section 3.5).

Stopping and pulling the cart backwards along the same path automatically opens the Locating Screen

(See Section 3.4) used to pinpoint the position and depth of a target.

3.4 locating screen

The Locating Screen is accessed by stopping and pulling the cart backwards while scanning. The cursor moves over the image and menu options appear at the bottom of the screen.

Figure 3.7: scanning screen

If the Scale or Both option is selected (Section 3.2), horizontal depth lines appear on the image to assist with determining the depth of targets.

Approximately 16 meters (50 feet) of data is displayed on one screen. If the survey line exceeds this distance the image will scroll off the left side of the screen.

To save the current screen image to file, press the

Camera button on the Display Unit. The image number appears on the bottom of the screen with a message to press any button to continue.

A message will appear on the screen if there is no

Compact Flash card in the Display Unit. Images are only saved when a card is present.

Pressing any of the number buttons on the

Display Unit marked 1 to 8 while scanning adds a numbered marker at the current position.

Figure 3.8: number marker

Figure 3.9: locating screen

3.4.1 Locating Cursor

The Cursor consists of 3 parts:

Position Indicator

Vertical cross-hair is tied to the odometer and corresponds to the location at the center of the GPR sensor. As the cart is pulled backwards, the Position

Indicator moves to indicate the current location of the cart in the image.

Depth Indicator

Horizontal cross-hair found at the peak of the soil type indicator arch indicating the depth. The Depth

Indicator moves up or down using the Arch Up and

Down buttons.

RD1000+ Operation Manual 9

Indicator Arch

Idealized representation of a typical pipe-like target response observed on the GPR image. The width of the arch is controlled by soil type setting. The soil type setting is changed using the Arch buttons.

Increasing the soil type makes the indicator arch wider while decreasing the soil type makes it narrower.

3.4.2 Soil Type

To obtain an accurate depth axis and depth estimations of targets in the GPR image, a Soil

Type Calibration must be performed. Soil Type

Calibration can be done 3 ways:

1. Matching the shape of a target arch,

2. Using a target at a known depth, or,

3. Using the moisture level of the soil.

Matching a Target Arch

Targets like pipes, cables, buried artefacts, tree roots and rocks generate arch-shaped responses on the GPR image.

Arches occur because GPR energy does not travel into the ground as a pencil-thin beam but more like a 3D cone. Reflections can appear on the record even though the object is not directly below the

GPR sensor. Thus, the GPR sensor “sees” the pipe before and after going over top of it and forms an arch-shaped response on the image.

Cross long, linear targets like pipes or cables at a

90 degree angle to produce a target arch suitable for the soil type calibration. The depth estimation of a target will be incorrect if the soil type calibration is done on a target arch produced at an oblique angle

(smaller that 90 degrees).

Figure 3.11: estimating target depth

To determine the Soil Type using a Target Arch:

1. With a target arch visible on the image, back the cart up until the Position Indicator is centered on the target arch in the GPR image; preferably one with long tails because this provides the most accurate soil type calibration.

Figure 3.10: matching a target arch

2. As you slow down and stop, the

Indicator Arch will appear on the data image.

Figure 3.12: position indicator

Figure 3.13: indicator arch

10 RD1000+ Operation Manual

3. Use the Up and Down Arrows to move the

Indicator Arch shallower or deeper in the

GPR image respectively, until it lies over the top of the Target


Figure 3.14: indicator arch cont.

4. Press the Soil Type button and toggle through the five different soil types to find the one that roughly fits the shape of the Indicator

Arch to the shape of the

Target Arch.

Figure 3.15: indicator arch cont.

5. Use the Wide and Narrow Arch buttons to change the shape of the Indicator Arch to match the shape of the Target

Arch on the

GPR image.

The depth of the target is indicated on the bottom left.

Figure 3.16: indicator arch cont.

6. Press the Apply button to save the Soil Type and update the Depth Axis on the Scanning Screen.

The Depth axis can now be used to estimate the depth of targets while scanning in the area.

Target at Known Depth

If there are no suitable arches visible in the image to perform the Target Arch Matching described above, there may be a target of known depth in the area being scanned.

To determine the Soil Type using a target at known depth:

1. With the target response visible on the image, use the Up and Down Arrows to move the Depth

Indicator (and Indicator Arch) until it lies on top of the GPR response of the known target.

2. Use the Wide and Narrow Arch buttons to change the shape of the Indicator Arch until the depth of the target, displayed in red above the menu, is correct.

3. Once the depth is matched, save the Soil Type value by pressing the Save button.

Soil Moisture

If a good target arch or a target of known depth is not available, the user will have to estimate the Soil

Type. The soil type is most strongly affected by water so the soil type options relate to the amount of water in the soil.

Change the soil type by pressing the Soil Moisture button until the option that best describes the soil in the area is displayed. The options are Very Dry, Dry,

Moist, Wet and Very Wet Soil.

RD1000+ Operation Manual 11

3.4.3 Identifying Air Wave Reflections

Some arches in the image can be caused by objects that are not in the subsurface, such as posts, fences, overhead wires and even trees.

An important part of understanding the data image is learning to recognize these unwanted “air” targets and differentiate them from the targets in the ground.

One way of identifying air reflections is to use the target arch method described above. However, arches from above-ground objects are wider than objects in the ground and out of the range of the maximum Soil Type.

Therefore, if the widest Indicator Arch is still not wide enough to match the target arch, the target arch is from on object in the air, not the ground.

3.5 image Settings Screen

The Image Settings Screen is accessed by pressing the Pause (||) button while in the Scanning Screen or the Locating Screen. Menu options appear along the bottom of the screen:

Figure 3.17: air wave reflections

Figure 3.18: image settings screen

Figure 3.19: scan screen

3.5.1 Scan

To exit from the

Image Settings

Screen and resume

Scanning, press the Scan button or the Pause (||) button again

(to resume). The Scanning Screen returns at the current location with the position information preserved.

If, while paused in the Image Settings Screen, the cart has moved more than a few centimeters, when scanning is restarted, a gap called a Position Break will appear in the image. The position break is also indicated by a message on the bottom of the screen and the Position Axis along the top of the data image resetting to zero.

3.5.2 Clear Image

Deletes the current data image on the display.

12 RD1000+ Operation Manual

3.5.3 Color

GPR images are displayed in colors corresponding to a color palette. In general, stronger GPR signals appear in stronger colors. A number of different color palettes are available to display the image.

Some color palettes may show the target better than others.

3.5.4 Gain

Since GPR signals are absorbed by the material being scanned, deeper targets have weaker signals.

Gain acts like an audio volume control, amplifying the signals and making deeper targets appear stronger in the image. The Gain varies from 1 to 9 with 1 being no gain and 9 being the maximum gain.

As the Gain changes, the current image on the display updates so it is not necessary to re-collect an image with a different gain setting. Use the lowest gain setting that shows the targets. Try to avoid over-gaining as understanding the image may become more difficult.

Figure 3.20: color adjustments

Figure 3.21: gain adjustments

RD1000+ Operation Manual 13

3.5.5 Filter

The filter has the effect of removing flat-lying reflections in the image and enhancing the dipping reflections and arches usually caused by targets.

It can also assist in identifying very shallow targets that might be masked by the strong signals at the top of the image.

The Filter defaults to ON, so if you are looking for a layer or other flat-lying target, turn the Filter OFF.

The image below shows the same scan with the

Filter OFF and ON.

Figure 3.22: filter adjustments

3.5.6 Depth

The depth setting is an estimate of the total depth displayed on the Scanning Screen based on the current Soil Type setting. The depth setting ranges from 1 to 8 meters.

The system always collects data to a depth of approximately 8 meters but the Depth setting on this menu determines how much of the data is displayed on the screen. It is possible to scan with a Depth setting of, say 2 meters, pause scanning and then increase the depth setting to re-display the image to look for deeper targets.

14 RD1000+ Operation Manual

Figure 3.23: reading depth

3.5.7 Quit

Exits the Scanning and Image Settings Screens and returns to the Systems Settings Screen.

3.6 Changing the date and time

To change the time:

1. From the System Settings Screen, select the Date option. The Time option is similar.

2. Use the Left and Right Arrow buttons to highlight the number to change in red.

3. Increase the number using the Up Arrow and decrease the number using the Down Arrow.

4. Pressing OK saves the new date or time and exits the screen.

5. Pressing Cancel exits the screen without saving the date or time.

Figure 3.24: time and date adjustment screen

3.7 Screen icons

3.7.1 Systems settings menu










Power Off


RD1000+ Operation Manual 15

3.7.2 Locating screen menu

Clear Image

Move arch shallower

Move arch deeper

Widen arch Narrow arch

Very Dry Soil Dry Soil Moist Soil Wet Soil Very Wet Soil


3.7.3 Image settings screen menu


Clear Image





3.7.4 Date and time menus

Move Right,

Move Left

Increase Value,

Decrease Value



16 RD1000+ Operation Manual

Section 4 Surveying techniques

4.1 Cross and mark

The most common method of locating is cross and mark as you go. This method works well in favourable soils and uncluttered settings. Cross and mark is very similar to the use of traditional current tracking utility detectors. The Cart is moved along sweeps perpendicular to the anticipated utility axis (see figure below). When the GPR sensor crosses the utility, the image shows an arch. The top of the arch is the position of the utility. The depth to the top of the arch is an estimated depth.

By moving the GPR back and forth and marking the ground where the top of the arch is observed, the alignment of the subsurface utility can be traced out as the X’s in the figure indicate.

Figure 4.1: cross and mark surveying

For example, a concrete storm sewer alignment was located under the road in the figure and data images of lines 1, 2 and 3 below. The target arch visible on each scan clearly identifies the pipe alignment.

Notice that as the pipe gets deeper, the strength of the target arch gets weaker. This is a result of the

GPR signal being absorbed as it travels deeper into the subsurface. In all soil types eventually the GPR signal will be completely absorbed and only the background radio noise in the area will be detected by the GPR sensor. The noise is seen in the image a fuzzy signal like a TV station not properly received.

To see the deepest possible targets with a GPR, it is important to have a quiet, highly sensitive system.

4.2 limitations

GPR is not without its limitations. GPR radio wave signals are absorbed by the ground with some soils

(clays, saline) greatly limiting exploration depth. GPR effectiveness is thus site specific and varies greatly from place to place. GPR also responds to changes in soil type, density, water content, as well as many other buried objects, making unique identification of the desired target difficult.












Figure 4.2: locating a concrete pipe

RD1000+ Operation Manual 17

Section 5 troubleshooting

The system is designed to minimize user problems; however, all electronic devices are subject to possible failure. The following are troubleshooting hints in the likelihood of occurrence if your system fails to operate.

5.1 Power

The most common problem that can occur while trying to run the system is insufficient power. The battery may be dead, have a low voltage or the fuse may be blown.

If there is enough power to run the Display Unit, the upper red light on the front of the Display Unit will illuminate when the battery is plugged in.

If the battery voltage is less than about 10.2 volts, the Display Unit may not turn on and the upper red light will flash or not illuminate at all.

Check the battery voltage with a voltmeter. Try to do this while the system is still attached to the Cart to get a true measure of the voltage while under load (it will be necessary to open the Cart battery case and connect the voltmeter to the positive and negative battery terminals). If the battery has a low voltage or seems dead, try the system with another battery

(if available), or give the battery a good 12-14 hour charge and try running the system again. If in doubt, consult a qualified electrician.

If the battery does not charge up to 12 Volts or more, it should be replaced.

Batteries are fused to protect the system. Open the battery case and check that the 10 Amp fuse is OK.

If necessary, replace it with one of the spare fuses available inside the battery case.

If the battery seems OK but the system still does not power up, check the battery cable connections and inspect the battery cable for damage.

5.2 System Communications

If the battery is OK and the Display Unit turns on but the GPR sensor does not scan, there may be a communication failure between the Display Unit and the GPR sensor. If an error occurs, an error message will appear. Power Off the system and disconnect the battery.

Make sure the display cable is not damaged; all pins are straight and blow out the connector sockets as small debris may block individual pin connections and disrupt communications. Ensure that the cable connections are tightly secured. Sometimes vibrations cause the cable connections to loosen just a bit and break contact and this can cause errors.

Disconnecting the cable and reconnecting it may provide a better contact and solve the problem. Plug in the battery, turn on the system and try scanning again.

If the battery, Battery Cable and Display Cable are

OK, the problem is either a failure of the Display

Unit or the GPR sensor. These units have no userserviceable parts so it will have to the vendor for inspection and possible repair.

5.3 System overheating

The GPR system is designed to operate to a maximum internal temperature of 70ºC (158ºF).

In situations of high ambient temperatures or long exposure to direct sun, this maximum internal temperature may be exceeded and cause the system to fail.

If you suspect that the GPR sensor is overheating, shut it off and give it a chance to cool down in a shady location before trying to run it again. Placing a wet cloth on top of the GPR may help in cooling it down.

18 RD1000+ Operation Manual

5.4 display unit Problem

While the Display Unit is weatherproof and fairly rugged, it should be handled in much the same way as a notebook computer. If the Display Unit does not power up, there may be a problem with the CPU or the storage media. Always make sure that the access port on the top of the display unit is closed and sealed.

5.5 test line

One of the best ways of detecting problems with the system is, shortly after receiving the system and getting comfortable with its operation, collect a line of data at a convenient, easily accessible location.

The line does not have to be too long but one screen

(16 meters (50 feet)) is a good guide. This data line should be saved electronically and perhaps plotted out on paper and dated. The test line could be collected say, every 6 months and, by reviewing the previous data, system problems can be detected early. As well, if there is a suspected problem with the system, this test line could be collected and compared with earlier tests.

5.6 Contacting your Vendor for Service

When returning to a Vendor, have the following information available:

1. GPR sensor Serial Number displayed at the top of the System Settings Screen.

2. A brief description of when the error is happening and the operating conditions

(temperature, humidity, sunshine, system settings, etc.).

RD1000+ Operation Manual 19

Section 6 Care and maintenance

6.1 battery Care

The RD1000+ uses a 9 Amp-hour, 12-Volt sealed lead acid battery. It is fused with a 10 Amp fuse to protect it from short circuit damage.

The battery unit should run the Cart for 6-8 hours before recharging is necessary. If long days of data surveying are typical, a second battery unit may be a useful item.

The battery is strapped onto the cart base and is normally recharged without removing it from the cart. However, the battery can be easily removed for maintenance or for recharging, if required.

If batteries are maintained in a charged condition they will give long life and reliable service. Improper use and lack of maintenance will greatly reduce their life.

Sealed lead acid batteries should NEVER be left in a discharged condition for any period of time. Charge the batteries as soon as possible after use.

Charge the battery at room temperature whenever possible.

The RD1000+ has a voltage monitoring circuit that will turn off the unit when the input voltage drops below 10.2 volts.

If a battery has been deeply discharged or left in a discharged condition for some period of time it may not accept charge immediately when it is connected to the charger (The fast charge light will not illuminate). If the fast charge light does not come on within 6 hours the battery should be considered damaged and should be discarded.

Typical charging time for an empty battery is 12-14 hours from start of fast charge.

Ensure that the batteries are fully charged before storing. If practical, store the batteries in a cool place, but make sure the temperature is not likely to drop below -30 o

C or the electrolyte may freeze and possibly split the case. Batteries should be disposed of in accordance with your company’s work practice, and/or any relevant laws or guidelines in your country.

20 RD1000+ Operation Manual

6.2 Cable Care

1. The cable connectors as well as the connectors on the GPR Sensor and Display Unit need to stay clean and free of dust and moisture. Use a brush or air spray to clean dust, lint and other foreign particles from these connectors.

2. When the system is not being used, make sure the connections are done up to prevent dust and moisture from collecting inside. If the connectors are exposed, cover them with a dust cap.

3. Cables are designed to be robust.

4. Careless use of cables making them carry loads that they are not designed for (e.g. carrying the display by the cable) can cause internal damage.

5. Connectors are weak points in any system.

With the use of this product in rough, dusty and outdoor environments, users can minimize potential down time if they care for cables and treat connectors with respect.

6. Cables and connectors are not designed to suspend or tow or otherwise carry the weight of systems. They are part of the electronic circuit and should be treated accordingly. When not in use they should be placed in their storage box.

6.3 Skid Pad

The bottom of the GPR Sensor is covered with one large wear-resistant skid pad. The skid pad is designed to take the majority of the abrasive wear.

If the pad wears down enough, the less-resistant plastic housing may start to wear. If this occurs, it is best to replace the skid pad. It is easily removed with a screwdriver and a new one can be purchased from the vendor.

6.4 odometer Calibration

The RD1000+’s odometer is calibrated to the wheel size fitted at the factory and should not need adjustment in normal operation unless errors are consistently found in distance measurements.

When new wheels are fitted to the RD1000+, you should recalibrate the odometer to ensure distance measurements are accurate. This is especially important if the new wheels are of a different size to the original size fitted.

To recalibrate the odometer:

1. Measure out a straight-line path 10 meters

(32' 10") long on flat ground where you will perform the calibration.

2. Press the Odometer Calibration key on the main menu.

3. The following screen appears:

5. Roll the RD1000+ along the measured path; a red line rotates to indicate that the odometer is turning. Press ‘8’ again when you get to the measured distance and the below screen will appear:

4. Align the RD1000+ at the start point and press

‘8’ to begin the calibration. The following screen appears:

6. Press ‘8’ to confirm, or ‘1’ to discard the new calibration distance measurements. The system will return to the main menu.

6.5 Wheels

Over time, the wheel attached to the odometer (back, right wheel) may become slightly loose as the axle bushing wears. To ensure smooth operation, the wheel nut may need to be tightened manually.

Insert a large slotted screwdriver into the slot at the end of the axle and use a large 19mm (¾") wrench to tighten the wheel nut slightly. The nut only has to be turned slightly, 1/8th -1/16th of a turn is usually enough. Spin the wheel to make sure it is still free and not too tight.

RD1000+ Operation Manual 21

appendix a

GPr emissions, interference and regulations

All governments have regulations on the level of electromagnetic emissions that an electronic apparatus can emit. The objective is to assure that one apparatus or device does not interfere with any other apparatus or device in such a way as to make the other apparatus non-functional.

Our GPR products are tested using independent professional testing houses, and comply with latest regulations of the USA, Canada, European

Community, and other major jurisdictions.

Electronic devices have not always been designed for proper immunity. If a GPR instrument is placed in close proximity to an electronic device, interference may occur. If any unusual behavior is observed on nearby devices, test if the disturbance starts and stops when the GPR instrument is turned on and off.

If interference is confirmed, stop using the GPR.

Where specific jurisdictions have specific GPR guidelines, these are described below.

FCC regulations

This device complies with Part 15 of the USA

Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Rules.

Operation in the USA is subject to the following two conditions:

1. this device may not cause harmful interference and

2. this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

Part 15 – User Information

This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, where applicable, and for an ultrawide bandwidth (UWB) device where applicable, pursuant to Part 15 of the

FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense.


Changes or Modifications not expressly approved by the manufacturer could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.

Certification of this equipment has been carried out using approved cables and peripheral devices.

The use of non-approved or modified cables and peripheral devices constitutes a Change or

Modification outlined in the warning above.

Operating Restrictions

Operation of this device is limited to purposes associated with law enforcement, fire fighting, emergency rescue, scientific research, commercial mining, or construction. Parties operating this equipment must be eligible for licensing under the provisions of Part 90 of this chapter.

FCC Interpretation of Operation

Restrictions issued July 12, 2002

(FCC Order DA02-1658, paragraph 9)

The regulations contain restrictions on the parties that are eligible to operate imaging systems (See

47 C.F.R. §§15.509(b), 15.511(b), and 15.513(b)).

Under the new regulations, GPRs and wall imaging systems may be used only by law enforcement, fire and emergency rescue organizations, by scientific research institutes, by commercial mining companies, and by construction companies. Since the adoption of the Order, we have received several inquiries from the operators of GPRs and wall imaging systems noting that these devices often are not

22 RD1000+ Operation Manual

operated by the users listed in the regulations but are operated under contract by personnel specifically trained in the operation of these devices. We do not believe that the recent adoption of the UWB rules should disrupt the critical safety services that can be performed effectively only through the use of GPRs and wall imaging systems. We viewed these operating restrictions in the broadest of terms. For example, we believe that the limitation on the use of GPRs and wall imaging systems by construction companies encompasses the inspection of buildings, roadways, bridges and runways even if the inspection finds no damage to the structure and construction does not actually result from the inspection; the intended purpose of the operation of the UWB device is to determine if construction is required. We also believe that the GPRs and wall imaging systems may be operated for one of the purposes described in the regulations but need not be operated directly by one of the described parties.

For example, a GPR may be operated by a private company investigating forensic evidence for a local police department.

FCC Permitted Mode of Usage

The GPR antenna must be kept on the surface to be in compliance with FCC regulations. Use of the antenna is not permitted if it is lifted off the surface. Use as a through-the-wall imaging device is prohibited.

GPR Use Coordination

FCC regulation 15.525(c) (updated in February

2007) requires users of GPR equipment to coordinate the use of their GPR equipment as described below:

(a) UWB imaging systems require coordination through the FCC before the equipment may be used.

The operator shall comply with any constraints on equipment usage resulting from this coordination.

(b) The users of UWB imaging devices shall supply operational areas to the FCC Office of Engineering and Technology, which shall coordinate this information with the Federal Government through the National Telecommunications and Information

Administration. The information provided by the

UWB operator shall include the name, address and other pertinent contact information of the user, the desired geographical area(s) of operation, and the

FCC ID number and other nomenclature of the UWB device. If the imaging device is intended to be used for mobile applications, the geographical area(s) of operation may be the state(s) or county(ies) in which the equipment will be operated. The operator of an imaging system used for fixed operation shall supply a specific geographical location or the address at which the equipment will be operated. This material shall be submitted to:

Frequency Coordination Branch, OET

Federal Communications Commission

445 12th Street, SW,

Washington, D.C. 20554

Attn: UWB Coordination

The form given on the following page is a suggested format for performing the coordination.

FCC Ground Penetrating Radar

Coordination Notice









Send the information to:

Frequency Coordination Branch., OET

Federal Communications Commission

445 12th Street, SW

Washington, D.C. 20554

ATTN: UWB Coordination

Fax: 202-418-1944



RD1000+ Operation Manual 23

ETSI Regulations for the EC (European


In the European Community (EC), GPR instruments must conform to ETSI (European Technical

Standards Institute) standard EN 302 066-1 v1.2.1. Details on individual country requirements for licensing are coordinated with this standard. For more information, contact Radiodetection’s technical staff; for contact details see the rear cover of this manual.

All Radiodetection ground penetrating radar (GPR) products offered for sale in European Community countries or countries adhering to ETSI standards are tested to comply with EN 302 066 v1.2.1.

It is the users responsibility to check and ensure that they satisfy individual country licensing requirements.

The UK for example, does currently require a licence to operate Ground Penetrating Radar, details are available from OFCOM. (https://licensing.ofcom.org.uk).

We recommend that users check with the Radio and

Telecoms Licensing authority in the country of use.

Radiodetection sales and support staff can help with contact details and information. For those who wish to get more detailed information, they should acquire copies of the following documents available from


ETSI EN 302 066-1 V1.2.1 (February 2008)

Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum

Matters (ERM); Ground and Wall- Probing Radar applications (GPR/WPR) imaging systems; Part 1:

Technical characteristics and test methods.

ETSI EN 302 066-2 V1.2.1 (February 2008)

Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum

Matters (ERM); Ground and Wall- Probing Radar applications (GPR/WPR) imaging systems; Part 2:

Harmonized EN covering essential requirements of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive

ETSI TR 101 994-2 V1.1.2 (March 2008)

Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum

Matters (ERM); Short Range Devices (SRD);

Technical characteristics for SRD equipment using Ultra Wide Band technology (UWB); Part

2: Ground- and Wall- Probing Radar applications;

System Reference Document

Industry Canada Regulations – English

Industry Canada published it regulations for ground penetrating radar (GPR) on Mar 29 2009 as part of the RSS-220 titled ‘Devices Using Ultra-Wideband

(UWB) Technology’.

Industry Canada has made a unique exception for

GPR by not requiring user licensing. The user does have to comply with the following directives:

1. This Ground Penetrating Radar Device shall be operated only when in contact with or within 1 m of the ground.

1. This Ground Penetrating Radar Device shall be operated only by law enforcement agencies, scientific research institutes, commercial mining companies, construction companies, and emergency rescue or firefighting organizations.

Should the ground penetrating radar be used in a wall-penetrating mode then the following restriction should be noted by the user:

1. This In-wall Radar Imaging Device shall be operated where the device is directed at the wall and in contact with or within 20 cm of the wall surface.

2. This In-wall Radar Imaging Device shall be operated only by law enforcement agencies, scientific research institutes, commercial mining companies, construction companies, and emergency rescue or firefighting organizations.

Since operation of GPR is on a licence-exempt basis, the user must accept the following:

Operation is subject to the following two conditions:

(1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference, including interference that may cause undesired operation of the device.

Règlement d’Industrie Canada – Français

Industrie Canada a publié des règlements pour les appareils géoradar (GPR) le 29 mars 2009, dans le cadre du RSS-220 intitulé “Dispositifs utilisant la bande ultra-large (UWB)”.

Industrie Canada a faite une exception unique pour

GPR en n’exigeant pas de licence par utilisateur.

L’utilisateur doit se conformer aux directives suivantes:

24 RD1000+ Operation Manual

1. Ce géoradar périphérique doit être utilisé que lorsqu’il est en contact avec ou moins de 1 m du sol.

2. Ce géoradar périphérique doit être utilisé que par les organisations d’application de la loi, les instituts de recherche scientifique, des sociétés minières commerciales, entreprises de construction et de secours d’urgence ou des organisations de lutte contre les incendies.

Si le géoradar est utilisé dans un mode de pénétration au mur, la restriction suivante est à noter par l’utilisateur:

1. Ce dispositif d’imagerie radar doit être utilisé lorsque l’appareil est orienté vers le mur et en contact avec ou dans les 20 cm de la surface du mur.

2. Ce dispositif d’imagerie radar doit être utilisé que par les organisations d’application de la loi, les instituts de recherche scientifique, des sociétés minières commerciales, entreprises de construction et de secours d’urgence ou des organisations de lutte contre les incendies.

Parce que l’exploitation de GPR est sur une base exempte de licence, l’utilisateur doit accepter le texte suivant:

La fonctionnement est soumis aux deux conditions suivantes: (1) cet appareil ne peut pas provoquer d’interférences et (2) cet appareil doit accepter toute interférence, y compris les interférences qui peuvent causer un mauvais fonctionnement du dispositif.

RD1000+ Operation Manual 25

Statement of warranty terms and conditions for radiodetection products

Standard Warranty terms

Subject to the conditions set out herein,

Radiodetection Limited expressly and exclusively provides the following warranty to original end user buyers of Radiodetection’s products.

Statement of Warranty Conditions

Radiodetection hereby warrants that its products shall be free from defects in material and workmanship for one year starting from point of sale to end customer.

Extensions of this warranty period are available where the same terms and conditions apply.

The sole and exclusive warranty for any

Radiodetection product found to be defective is repair or replacement of the defective product at Radiodetection’s sole discretion. Repaired parts or replacement products will be provided by Radiodetection on an exchange basis and will be either new or refurbished to be functionally equivalent to new.

In the event this exclusive remedy is deemed to have failed of its essential purpose, Radiodetection’s liability shall not exceed the purchase price of the Radiodetection product. In no event will

Radiodetection be liable for any direct, indirect, special, incidental, consequential or punitive damages (including lost profit) whether based on warranty, contract, tort or any other legal theory.

Warranty services will be provided only with the original invoice or sales receipt (indicating the date of purchase, model name and dealer’s name) within the warranty period. This warranty covers only the hardware components of the Radiodetection product. Data storage media or accessories must be removed prior to submission of the product for warranty service.

Radiodetection will not be responsible for loss or erasure of data storage media or accessories.

Radiodetection is not responsible for transportation costs and risks associated with transportation of the product. The existence of a defect shall be determined by Radiodetection in accordance with procedures established by Radiodetection.

thiS Warranty iS in lieu oF any other Warranty, exPreSS or imPlied, inCludinG any imPlied Warranty oF merChantability or FitneSS For a

PartiCular PurPoSe.

This warranty does not cover:

a periodic maintenance and repair or parts replacement due to wear and tear b consumables (components that are expected to require periodic replacement during the lifetime of a product such as non-rechargeable batteries, bulbs, etc.) c damage or defects caused by use, operation or treatment of the product inconsistent with its intended use d damage or changes to the product as a result of: i misuse, including: - treatment resulting in physical, cosmetic or surface damage or changes to the product or damage to liquid crystal displays ii failure to install or use the product for its normal purpose or in accordance with

Radiodetection’s instructions on installation or use iii failure to maintain the product in accordance with Radiodetection’s instructions on proper maintenance iv installation or use of the product in a manner inconsistent with the technical or safety laws or standards in the country where it is installed or used

26 RD1000+ Operation Manual

v virus infections or use of the product with software not provided with the product or incorrectly installed software vi the condition of or defects in systems with which the product is used or incorporated except other ‘Radiodetection products’ designed to be used with the product vii use of the product with accessories, peripheral equipment and other products of a type, condition and standard other than prescribed by Radiodetection viii repair or attempted repair by persons who are not Radiodetection warranted and certified repair houses ix adjustments or adaptations without

Radiodetection’s prior written consent, including:

1 upgrading the product beyond specifications or features described in the instruction manual, or

2 modifications to the product to conform it to national or local technical or safety standards in countries other than those for which the product was specifically designed and manufactured x neglect e.g. opening of cases where there are no user replaceable parts xi accidents, fire, liquids, chemicals, other substances, flooding, vibrations, excessive heat, improper ventilation, power surges, excess or incorrect supply or input voltage, radiation, electrostatic discharges including lighting, other external forces and impacts.

RD1000+ Operation Manual 27

Thank you for reading this data sheet.

For pricing or for further information, please contact us at our UK Office, using the details below.

UK Office

Keison Products,

P.O. Box 2124, Chelmsford, Essex, CM1 3UP, England.

Tel: +44 (0)1245 600560

Fax: +44 (0)1245



[email protected]

Please note - Product designs and specifications are subject to change without notice. The user is responsible for determining the suitability of this product.

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