DeWalt DPD3100 Instruction manual

DeWalt DPD3100 Instruction manual
If you have questions or comments, contact us.
1-800-4-DEWALT • www.dewalt.com
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
DPD3100
Pressure Washer
FIG. 1
English
DPD3100 Pressure Washer
A.Panel assembly
B.Nozzle holder
C.Professional Spray gun
D.Side Handle
E.Quick-connect
spray wand
F.Frame
G.Engine dipstick/oil plug
H.Engine switch
P
I.Starter grip
J.Engine
K.Choke control
L. Throttle control lever
M.Fuel valve lever
N.Gas cap
O.Handle assembly
P.High-pressure hose
Q.High-pressure pump
L
k
B
a
C
O
N
m
q
D
j
Engine
E
I
F
Refer to the engine instruction manual for location and operation of
other engine controls.
G
Pump Specifications
H
DeWALT MAINTENANCE FREE desiGN
The high pressure pump is maintenance free and requires no oil. If
there is a problem with the pump contact a DeWALT factory service
center, a DeWALT authorized service center or other qualified service
personnel.
2
Specifications
MODEL
WEIGHT
HEIGHT WIDTH Length
PSI Max*
AVERAGE
Operating
GPM
2.7
(10.3 L/min)
Engine
DeWALT
196 cc OHV,
5.5 Net HP, 6.5
Gross HP **
* Maximum PSI and GPM ratings determined in accordance with the Pressure Washers Manufacturers Association (PWMA)
standard PW101
** Horsepower rating (shown as maximum output @ 3600 rpm) is in accordance with SAE J1349 for Net HP and SAE J1995 for Gross HP.
Actual engine power will be lower. Engine power depends on the application, operating speed, operating conditions and other variables.
DPD3100
83.6 lbs
26.5"
23"
40"
3100
(21373 kPa)
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT
THIS OR ANY DeWALT TOOL, CALL US TOLL FREE AT:
1-800-4-DeWALT (1-800-433-9258)
Definitions: Safety Guidelines
The definitions below describe the level of severity
for each signal word. Please read the manual and
pay attention to these symbols.
DANGER: Indicates an imminently hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, will result in death
or serious injury.
WARNING: Indicates a potentially hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could result in death
or serious injury.
CAUTION: Indicates a potentially hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, may result in minor
or moderate injury.
CAUTION: Used without the safety alert symbol
indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if
not avoided, may result in property damage.
Important Safety Instructions
WARNING: Do not operate this unit until you read and understand
this instruction manual and the engine instruction manual for safety,
operation and maintenance instructions.
Warning: When using this product basic precautions should
always be followed, including the following:
1. Read all instructions before using the product.
2. To reduce the risk of injury, close supervision is necessary when
a product is used near children.
3. Know how to stop the product and bleed pressures quickly. Be
thoroughly familiar with the controls.
4. Stay alert–watch what you are doing.
5. Do not operate the product when fatigued or under the influence
of alcohol or drugs.
6. Keep operating area clear of all persons.
3
English
AVERAGE GPM Max*
Operating
PSI
2780
2.8
(19167 kPa) (10.6 L/min)
English
7. Do not overreach or stand on unstable support. Keep good
footing and balance at all times.
8. Follow the maintenance instructions specified in the manual.
Danger: Risk of Injection or Severe Injury. Keep
Clear of Nozzle. Do Not Direct Discharge Stream at
Persons. This Product Is To Be Used Only By Trained
Operators.
WARNING: This product may not be equipped with a sparkarresting muffler. If the product is not equipped and will be used
around flam­ma­ble ma­teri­als or on land covered with materials such
as agricultural crops, forest, brush, grass or other similar items, then
an ap­proved spark arrester must be installed and is legally required
in the state of California. It is a violation of California statutes
section 130050 and/or sec­tions 4442 and 4443 of the California
Public Re­sourc­es Code, unless the engine is equipped with a spark
arrester, as defined in section 4442, and maintained in ef­fec­tive
work­ing order. Spark arresters are also required on some U.S.
For­est Service land and may also be legally required under other
statutes and or­di­nanc­es.
WARNING: This product contains chemicals, known to the
State of California to cause cancer, and birth defects or other
reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.
DANGER: Risk of explosion or fire
What can happen
How to prevent it
• Shut off en­gine and allow
• Spilled gas­o­line and it’s
it to cool before adding fuel
vapors can be­come ignited
to the tank.
from cigarette sparks,
electrical arcing, exhaust
• Use care in fill­ing tank to
gas­es and hot engine
avoid spill­ing fuel. Move prescomponents such as
sure wash­er away
the muffler.
from fueling area before
start­ing en­gine.
• Heat will ex­pand fuel in the • Keep maximum fuel level
tank which could result in
1/2" (12.7 mm) be­low
spillage and pos­si­ble fire
bottom of filler neck
explosion.
to allow for expansion.
• Operating the pressure
washer in an ex­plo­sive
en­viron­ment could
re­sult in a fire.
Save these instructions
• Operate and fuel equipment
in well-ven­ti­lat­ed areas free
from ob­struc­tions. Equip
areas with fire extinguisher
suit­able for gas­o­line fires.
• Materials placed against or • Never op­er­ate pressure
wash­er in an area containing
near the pressure washer
dry brush or weeds.
can in­ter­fere with its proper
ventilation fea­tures caus­ing
overheating and possible
ig­ni­tion of the materials.
4
• Always keep pressure washer
a min­i­mum of 4' (1.2 m) away
from sur­fac­es (such as
houses, au­to­mo­biles or
live plants) that could be
damaged from muffler exhaust
heat.
DANGER: RISK TO BREATHING (Asphyxiation) continued
• Some clean­ing fluids
con­tain sub­stanc­es which
could cause injury to skin,
eyes or lungs.
• Improperly stored fuel could • Store fuel in an OSHA
lead to acciden­tal ignition.
approved con­tain­er, in a
Fuel im­prop­er­ly secured
se­cure location away from
could get into the hands of
work area.
children or oth­er un­qual­i­fied
persons.
• Do not spray flammable
• Use of acids, toxic or
liquids.
cor­ro­sive chemicals,
poisons, in­sec­ti­cides, or any
kind of flam­ma­ble solvent
with this product could re­sult
in se­ri­ous injury or death.
• Use only clean­ing fluids
spe­cif­ic­ al­ly rec­om­mend­ed
for high-pressure washers.
Fol­low manufacturers
recommendations. Do not use
chlorine bleach or any other
corrosive compound.
DANGER: RISK of FLUID INJECTION and Laceration
What can happen
How to prevent it
• Your pressure washer
• Inspect the high-pressure
operates at fluid pressures
hose regularly. Replace
and velocities high enough to
the hose immediately if it is
penetrate human and
damaged, worn, has melted
animal flesh, which could
from contacting the engine,
result in amputation or
or shows any signs of cracks,
other serious injury. Leaks
bubbles, pinholes, or other
caused by loose fittings or
leakage. Never grasp a
worn or damaged hoses can
high-pressure hose that
result in injection injuries.
is leaking or damaged.
DO NOT TREAT FLUID
• Never touch, grasp or attempt
INJECTION AS
to cover a pinhole or similar
A SIMPLE CUT! See a
water leak on the highphysician immediately!
pressure hose. The stream
of water IS under high
pressure and WILL
penetrate skin.
• Never place hands in front
of noz­zle.
DANGER: RISK TO BREATHING (Asphyxiation)
What can happen
How to prevent it
• Breathing ex­haust fumes
• Operate pressure washer in
will cause se­ri­ous injury
a well-ventilated area. Avoid
or death! En­gine exhaust
en­closed areas such as ga­rag­
con­tains carbon mon­ox­ide,
es, base­ments, etc.
an odorless and deadly gas. • Never op­er­ate unit in a
lo­ca­tion occupied by
humans or animals.
5
English
• Muffler exhaust heat can
damage paint­ed sur­fac­es,
melt any material sen­si­tive
to heat (such as siding,
plas­tic, rub­ber, vinyl or the
pressure hose, itself), and
dam­age live plants.
English
DANGER: RISK of FLUID INJECTION and Laceration
continued
• Your pressure washer
operates at fluid pressures
and velocities high enough to penetrate human and
animal flesh, which could
result in amputation or
other serious injury. Leaks
caused by loose fittings or worn or damaged hoses can
result in injection injuries.
DO NOT TREAT FLUID
INJECTION AS
A SIMPLE CUT! See a
physician immediately!
• Direct spray away from self
and others.
• Make sure hose and fit­tings
are tight­ened and in good
condition. Never hold onto
the hose or fittings during
op­er­at­ion.
• Do not allow hose to contact
muf­fler.
• Never attach or remove wand
or hose fittings while sys­tem is
pres­sur­ized.
• When using replacement
lances or guns with this
pressure washer, do not
use a lance and/or lance/gun
combination that is shorter
in length than what was
provided with this pressure
washer as measured from the
nozzle end of the lance to the
gun trigger.
DANGER: RISK OF INJURY FROM SPRAY
What can happen
How to prevent it
• High-velocity fluid spray
• Always wear ANSI-approved
can cause objects to break,
Z87.1 safety glasses. Wear
propelling particles at high
protective clothing to protect
speed.
against accidental spraying.
• Never point wand at or spray
people or animals.
• Light or unsecured objects
can become hazardous
projectiles.
• Injuries can result if system • To relieve sys­tem pres­sure,
pressure is not reduced
shut off engine, turn off water
before attempting maintesup­ply and pull gun trigger
nance or disassembly.
until water stops flowing.
• Use only accessories rated
equal to or higher than the
rating of the pressure washer.
6
• Always secure trigger lock
when wand is not in service
to prevent accidental
operation.
• Never permanently secure
trigger in pull-back (open)
position.
Danger: RISK of unsafe operation
What can happen
How to prevent it
• Unsafe op­er­a­tion of your
• Do not use chlorine
pressure wash­er could lead
bleach or any other
to se­ri­ous in­ju­ry or death to
corrosive compound.
you or others.
• Be­come fa­mil­iar with the op­er­
a­tion and con­trols of
the pressure washer.
• Keep operating area clear
of all persons, pets and
obstacles.
• Do not operate the product
when fatigued or under the
influence of alcohol or drugs.
Stay alert at all times.
• Never defeat the safety
fea­tures of this prod­uct.
• Do not op­er­ate machine
with missing, broken or
un­au­tho­rized parts.
• Never leave wand
unattended while unit
is running.
7
• The spray gun/wand is
a powerful clean­ing tool
that could look like a toy
to a child.
• Keep chil­dren away from the
pressure washer at all times.
• Reactive force of spray
will cause gun/wand to
kickback, and could cause
the op­er­a­tor to slip or fall
or misdirect the spray.
Im­prop­er control of gun/
wand can re­sult in
in­ju­ries to self and
others.
• Do not over­reach or stand
on an unstable support.
• Do not use pressure washer
while standing on a ladder.
• Grip gun/wand firmly with
both hands. Expect the
gun to kickback when
triggered.
English
• If proper starting procedure • If engine does not start after
is not followed, engine can
two pulls, squeeze trigger
kickback causing serious
of gun to relieve pump
hand and arm injury.
pressure. Pull starter cord
slowly until resistance is felt.
Then pull cord rapidly to avoid
kickback and prevent hand or
arm injury.
English
DANGER: Risk of Injury or Prop­er­ty Damage When
Transporting or storing
What can happen
WARNING: RISK of Bursting
What can happen
How to prevent it
• Over inflation of tires could
result in serious injury and
property damage.
• If pressure washer is equipped
• Fuel or oil can leak or spill
with a fuel shut-off valve, turn
and could result in fire or
the valve to the off position
breathing hazard. Se­ri­ous
before transporting to avoid
in­ju­ry or death can re­sult.
fuel leaks. If pres­sure wash­er
Fuel or oil leaks will dam­age
is not equipped with a fuel
carpet, paint or oth­er
shut-off valve, drain the fuel
surfaces in ve­hi­cles
from tank before trans­port­
or trailers.
ing. Only trans­port fuel in an
OSHA-approved container.
Al­ways place pressure washer
on a protective mat when
transporting to protect against
dam­age to vehicle from leaks.
Re­move pres­sure washer
from vehicle immediately upon
arrival at your destination.
How to prevent it
• Use a tire pressure gauge to
check the tires pressure before
each use and while inflating
tires; see the tire sidewall for
the correct tire pressure.
NOTE: Air tanks,
compressors and similar
equipment used to inflate
tires can fill small tires similar
to these very rapidly. Adjust
pressure regulator on air
supply to no more than the
rating of the tire pressure.
Add air in small increments
and frequently use the tire
gauge to prevent over
inflation.
• High-velocity fluid spray
• On pressure washers rated
directed at pneumatic tire
above 1600 PSI (11032 kPa)
sidewalls (such as found
use the widest fan spray
on automobiles, trailers and
(40º nozzle) and keep the
the like) could damage the
spray a minimum of 8"
sidewall resulting in serious
(20 cm) from the pneumatic
injury.
tire sidewall. Do not aim spray
directly at the joint between
the tire and rim.
8
WARNING: RISK OF INJURY FROM LIFTING
What can happen
How to prevent it
• Serious injury can result
• The pressure washer is too
from attempting to lift too
heavy to be lifted by one
heavy an object.
person. Obtain assistance
from others before lifting.
WARNING: RISK of chemical burn
What can happen
How to prevent it
• Use of acids, toxic or
• Do not spray ac­ids, gasoline,
corrosive chemicals, poisons,
ker­o­sene, or any other
in­sec­ti­cides, or any kind of
flammable materials with this
flam­ma­ble solvent with this
product. Use only household
product could re­sult in se­ri­
de­ter­gents, cleaners and
ous injury or death.
degreasers recommended
for use with pres­sure
washers.
• Wear pro­tec­tive clothing
to protect eyes and skin
from con­tact with sprayed
materials.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
FOR FUTURE USE
9
English
WARNING: RISK OF elec­tri­cal Shock
What can happen
How to prevent it
• Spray di­rect­ed at elec­tri­cal • Unplug any elec­tri­cal­ly
outlets or switch­es, or ob­jects
op­er­at­ed product before
con­nect­ed to an elec­tri­cal
attempting to clean it. Direct
circuit, could re­sult in a
spray away from electric
fatal electrical shock.
out­lets and switches.
WARNING: RISK OF Hot surfaces
What can happen
How to prevent it
• Con­tact with hot sur­fac­es, • During op­er­a­tion, touch
such as engines exhaust
only the control surfaces
com­po­nents, could result in
of the pres­sure washer.
se­ri­ous burn.
Keep children away from
the pres­sure washer at all
times. They may not be able
to recognize the haz­ards of
this product.
English
INSTALLATION
Pressure Washer Assembly (Fig. 1)
NOTE: The high pressure pump is maintenance free and requires
no oil, if there is a problem with the pump contact a DeWALT factory
service center, a DeWALT authorized service center or other qualified
service personnel.
Warning: Risk of bursting. Use a tire pressure gauge to check the
tires pressure before each use and while inflating tires; see the tire sidewall for the correct tire pressure.
NOTE: Air tanks, compressors and similar equipment used to inflate
tires can fill small tires similar to these very rapidly. Adjust pressure
regulator on air supply to no more than the rating of the tire pressure.
Add air in small increments and frequently use the tire gauge to
prevent over inflation.
1.Place handle assembly (O) onto frame, depress
the snap buttons, and slide the handle assembly
onto the frame (F) until snap buttons are secured
O
in place.
Caution: Risk of personal injury. Avoid placing F
hands between handle and frame when assembling
to prevent pinching.
2.Attach high-pressure
hose (P) to spray gun.
Make sure it is
secure.
p
3.Connect wand (E) to
spray gun. Make sure
e
connection is secure.
4.Thread the side handle (D) into spray
gun extension and tighten to desired
position.
5.Place the nozzle holder (B) onto the
panel assembly (A) and push each
D
nozzle holder into place.
6.Remove the five colored quick-connect
nozzles from the plastic bag and
insert them into
correct grommet on
B
the nozzle holder.
Nozzles are color
coded to match A
colored nozzles on
panel assembly.
OPERATION
Pressure Adjustments
The pressure setting is preset at the factory to achieve op­ti­mum pres­
sure and cleaning. To lower the pres­sure, follow these instructions.
1.Back away from the sur­face to be cleaned. The further away you
are, the less the pressure will be on the surface to be cleaned.
2.Change to the 40˚ nozzle (white). This nozzle delivers a less
powerful stream of water and a wider spray pattern. Refer to
Spray Wand Nozzles.
Caution: DO NOT attempt to increase pump pressure. A higher
pressure setting than the factory set pressure may damage pump.
3.Reduce the speed of the gasoline engine (RPM). Slow the
engine down and the water pressure will go down with it.
Spray Wand Nozzles (Fig. 1)
The nozzles for the spray wand are stored in the nozzle holder (B) on
the panel assembly (A). Colors on the panel identify nozzle location
and spray pattern. Refer to the following chart to choose the correct
nozzle for the job to be performed.
10
Nozzle Color
Spray Pattern
Uses
powerful
pinpoint for
very intense
cleaning
metal or
concrete;
DO NOT use
on wood
15˚
intense
cleaning of
small areas
metal, concrete
or wood
25˚
intense
cleaning of
larger areas
metal, concrete
or wood
40˚
covers wide
areas of
cleaning
metal, concrete,
wood or vinyl
Yellow
Green
White
low pressure
Chemicals and Cleaning Solvents
Applying chemicals or cleaning solvents is a low-pressure operation.
NOTE: Use only soaps and chemicals designed for pressure washer
use. Do not use bleach.
applies cleaning metal, concrete,
solutions
wood or vinyl
Black
To apply chemicals and solvents
1. Press chemical hose (S) onto barbed fitting
located near high pressure hose connection
of pump as shown.
2. Place the other end of chemical hose with
filter on it into the container holding chemical/cleaning solution.
NOTE: For every 7 gallons (26.5 liters) of
water pumped 1 gallon (3.8 liters) of chemical/cleaning solution will be used.
* Caution: The high-pressure spray from your pressure washer
is capable of causing damage to surfaces such as wood, glass,
automobile paint, auto striping and trim, delicate objects such
as flowers and shrubs. Before spraying, check the item to
be cleaned to assure yourself that it is strong enough to resist
damage from the force of spray.
11
S
English
0˚
Red
Changing Nozzles on Spray Wand
Danger: Risk of fluid injection. Do not direct discharge stream
toward persons, unprotected skin, eyes or any pets or animals.
Serious injury will occur.
warning: Flying objects could cause risk of serious injury. Do
Not attempt to change nozzles while pressure washer is running.
Turn engine off before changing nozzles.
1.Pull quick-connect coupler back and insert
nozzle.
2.Release quick-connect coupler and
twist nozzle to make sure it is secure in
coupler.
Warning: Flying object could cause risk
of serious injury. Ensure nozzle is completely
inserted in quick-connect socket and quickconnect snap ring is fully engaged (forward)
before squeezing gun trigger.
Surfaces*
English
• DO NOT let hoses come in contact with very hot engine
muffler during or immediately after use of your pressure
washer. Damage to hoses from contact with hot engine
surfaces will NOT be covered by warranty.
CAUTION: Never pull water supply hose to move pres­sure washer.
This could damage hose and/or pump inlet.
• DO NOT use hot water, use cold water only.
• Never turn water supply off while pressure washer engine is
running or damage to pump will result.
• DO NOT stop spraying water for more than
T
two minutes at a time. Pump operates in
bypass mode when spray gun trigger is not
pressed. When the temperature inside the
pump rises too high the thermal relief valve (T)
will open and release a gush of water in an
effort to lower the temperature inside the pump.
The thermal relief valve will then close. If pump is left in bypass
mode for more than two minutes internal components of the
pump can be damaged.
3. Install low-pressure (black) nozzle into quick connect fitting of spray
wand, refer to Spray Wand Nozzles. NOTE: Chemicals and soaps
will not siphon if the black soap nozzle is not installed on the
spray wand.
4. After use of chemicals, place chemical hose into container of clean
water and draw clean water through chemical injection system
to rinse system thoroughly. If chemicals remain in the pump it
could be damaged. Pumps damaged due to chemicals will not be
covered under warranty.
Starting
Warning: To reduce the risk of injury, read the pressure washer
instruction manual and the engine instruction manual before starting
pressure washer.
DANGER: Risk of fluid injection and laceration. When using the
high-pressure setting, DO NOT allow the high-pressure spray to
come in contact with unprotected skin, eyes, or with any pets or
animals. Serious injury will occur.
• Your washer operates at fluid pressures and velocities high
enough to penetrate human and animal flesh, which could result
in amputation or other serious injury. Leaks caused by loose fittings or worn or damaged hoses can result in injection injuries.
DO NOT TREAT FLUID INJECTION AS A SIMPLE CUT! See a
physician immediately!
WARNING: Risk of fire, asphyxiation and burning. Never fill fuel
tank when engine is running or hot. Do not smoke when filling fuel
tank.
• Never fill fuel tank completely. Fill tank to 1/2" (12.7 mm) below
bottom of filler neck to provide space for fuel expansion. Wipe any
fuel spillage from engine and equipment before starting engine.
• Never run engine in­doors or in en­closed, poorly ven­ti­lat­ed
areas. En­gine exhaust con­tains carbon mon­ox­ide, an odorless
and deadly gas.
Start-up Procedure
1. In a well-ventilated outdoor area, add fresh, high-quality, unleaded
gasoline with a pump octane rating of 86 or higher. Do not overfill.
Wipe up spilled fuel before starting the engine. Refer to engine
instruction manual for correct procedure.
2. Check engine oil level. Refer to the engine instruction manual for
correct procedure.
3. Connect the water hose to the water source. Turn the water source
on to remove all air from the hose. When a steady stream of water
is present, turn the water source off.
12
4. Verify the filter screen (U) is in water inlet of pump.
The cone side faces out.
5. Connect the cold water source (V) to pump inlet.
NOTE: Water source must provide a minimum of
5 gallons per minute at 20 pSI (138 kPa).
Warning: To reduce the possibility of contamiU
nation always protect against backflow when connected to a potable water system.
6. Connect high-pressure hose (P) to pump
outlet.
7.If applying a chemical or cleaning solution,
refer to Chemicals and Cleaning
P
Solvents.
8. Turn the water source on.
V
Caution: Risk of property damage. Failure
to do so could cause damage to the pump.
9. Remove all air from the pump and high pressure hose by depressing trigger until a steady stream of water is present.
10. Turn the engine ON/OFF switch (H) to the ON position.
11.Place the fuel valve lever (M) in the ON postion.
12.If the engine is cold, move the choke (K) to the CLOSED position
as shown.
Warning: Risk of unsafe operation. Pull starter grip slowly
until resistance is felt. Then pull starter grip (I) rapidly to avoid
kickback and prevent hand or arm injury.
Note: Do not allow the starter grip to snap back. Return it gently
by hand.
Warning: Risk of unsafe operation. If engine does not start
after two pulls, squeeze trigger of gun to relieve pump pressure. Pull
starter cord slowly until resistance is felt. Then pull cord rapidly to
avoid kickback and prevent hand or arm injury.
Note: If the oil level in the engine is low, the engine will not start.
If the engine does not start, check the oil level and add oil as
needed.
14.As the engine warms up, move the choke to
the open position.
15.Depress trigger on gun to start water flow.
Warning: Risk of unsafe operation. Stand
on a stable surface and grip gun/wand firmly with
both hands. Expect the gun to kickback when
triggered.
16.Release trigger to stop water flow.
DANGER: Risk of injury from spray. Engage the
X
trigger lock (X) when gun is not in use to prevent
accidental spraying.
17.Adjust spray for the task being performed
by changing quick connect nozzle. Refer to
Spray Wand Nozzles.
K
Shutting Down
H
1.If chemicals were applied, place the chemical hose into a
container of clean water and draw clean water through chemical
injection system to rinse system thoroughly.
13
English
M
13.
English
Pump
Caution: Risk of property damage Failure to do so could cause
damage to the pump.
2.Place the engine ON/OFF switch (H) to the OFF Position.
3.Place the fuel valve lever (M) in the OFF
postion.
Caution: Risk of property damage. Never
turn water supply off while pressure washer
engine is running or damage to pump will result.
4.Turn water source off.
5.Pull trigger on spray gun to relieve any water
pressure in hose or spray gun.
6.Refer to Storage for proper storage procedures.
The high pressure pump is maintenance free and requires no oil, if
there is a problem with the pump contact a DeWALT factory service
center, a DeWALT authorized service center or other qualified service personnel.
Nozzle Cleaning
If the nozzle becomes clogged with foreign materials, such as dirt,
excessive pressure may develop. If the nozzle becomes partially
clogged or restricted, the pump pressure will pulsate. Clean the
nozzle immediately using the nozzle kit supplied and the following
instructions:
1.Shut off the pressure washer and turn off the water supply.
2.Pull trigger on gun handle to relieve any water pressure.
3.Disconnect the spray wand from the gun.
Y
4.Remove the high-pressure nozzle from
the spray wand. Remove any obstructions
with the nozzle cleaning tool (Y) provided
and back flush with clean water.
5.Direct water supply into spray wand to
back flush loosened particles for 30
seconds.
6.Reassemble the nozzle to the wand.
7.Reconnect spray wand to gun then turn on water supply.
8.Start pressure washer and place spray wand into high pressure
setting to test.
MAINTENANCE
WARNING: Risk of burning. When performing maintenance, you
may be exposed to hot surfaces, water pressure or moving parts that
can cause serious injury or death.
WARNING: Risk of fire. Always disconnect, spark plug wire, let
the engine cool and release all water pressure before performing
any maintenance or repair. The engine contains flammable fuel. Do
not smoke or work near open flames while performing maintenance.
To ensure efficient operation and longer life of your pressure washer,
a routine maintenance schedule should be prepared and followed.
If the pressure washer is used in unusual conditions, such as high
temperatures or dusty conditions, more fre­quent maintenance
checks will be required.
Engine
To Clean the Water Inlet Filter
Consult the engine instruction manual for the man­u­fac­tur­er's recommendations for any and all maintenance.
NOTE: The pressure washer frame is equipped with an oil drain
hole to help make changing the engine oil easier.
This filter screen (U) should be checked periodically and cleaned if
necessary.
14
1. Obtain a funnel, 6 oz. (170 mL) of RV antifreeze and 16–36"
(40–91cm) of garden hose with a male hose connector attached
to one end.
CAUTION: Risk of property damage. Use only RV antifreeze. Any
other an­ti­freeze is corrosive and can damage pump.
2.Disconnect spark plug wire.
3. Connect length of garden hose
to water inlet of pump.
4.Add RV antifreeze to hose as
shown.
5. Pull engine starter rope slowly several times until an­ti­freeze
comes out of high-pressure hose
con­nec­tion of pump.
6. Remove garden hose from
water inlet of pump.
7. Reconnect spark plug wire.
U
To Remove Tires
1.Using a 1/8" hex head wrench loosen set
screw in hub collar.
2.Slide hub collar from axle and remove the
tire.
sTORAGE
Engine
Pressure Washer
Consult the engine instruction manual for the man­u­fac­tur­er's
recommendations for storage.
1. Drain all water from highpressure hose, coil it and store it
in cradle of the pressure washer
handle.
2.With nozzle pointed down and
the spray gun and wand in a
vertical position, squeeze trigger
to drain all water from spray gun
and wand. Store in gun holder.
3.Store chemical hose so it is protected from dam­age.
4. If space is needed, handles may be removed and attached as
shown.
Pump
The manufacturer recommends using a pump protector/winterizer, such as DeWALT winterizer (DP80) when storing the unit
for more than 30 days and/or when freezing temperatures are
expected. DeWALT winterizer (DP80) is availabe at the store
where the pressure washer was purchased. If a pump protector/
winterizer is not available, RV antifreeze can be used as outlined in
the following steps.
NOTE: Using a pump protector/ winterizer or RV antifreeze helps to
provide proper lubrication to the internal seals of the pump regardless of temperature or environment.
15
English
1.Remove the filter screen (U) by grasping the
end and removing it from water inlet of
pump.
2.Clean filter by flushing it with water on both
sides.
3.Reinsert filter into water inlet of pump. Cone
side faces out.
NOTE: Do not operate pressure washer without
filter properly installed.
Limited Warranty
English
Caution: Risk of personal injury. Avoid placing hands between
handle and frame when assembling to prevent pinching.
DeWALT pressure washers are warranted for two years from the
date of purchase. DeWALT will repair, without charge, any defects
due to faulty materials or workmanship. This warranty does not
cover parts that are damaged through misuse or abuse, or parts
which must be replaced from time to time due to normal pressure
washer operation. Normal wear parts include, but are not limited to,
the engine air filter, spark plug, pump valve seals and O rings. This
warranty does not apply to accessories or damage caused where
repairs have been made or attempted by a repair center not authorized by DeWALT. This warranty gives you specific legal rights and
you may have other rights which vary in certain states or provinces. For further details of warranty coverage and warranty repair information, visit www.dewalt.com and click on Service and Support or call
1-800-4-DeWALT (1-800-433-9258).
Latin America: This warranty does not apply to products sold in
Latin America. For products sold in Latin America, see country specific warranty information contained either in the packaging, call the
local company or see website for warranty information.
Accessories
Recommended accessories for use with your tool are available for
purchase from your local dealer or authorized service center. If you
need assistance in locating any accessory for your tool, please contact DeWALT Industrial Tool Co., 701 East Joppa Road, Baltimore,
MD 21286, call 1-800-4-DeWALT (1-800-433-9258) or visit our website www.dewalt.com.
danger: Risk of fluid injection. When using replacement lances
or guns with this pressure washer, do not use a lance and/or
lance/gun combination that is shorter in length than what was provided with this pressure washer as measured from the nozzle end
of the lance to the gun trigger.
WARNING: The use of any other accessory not recommended for
use with this tool could be hazardous. Use only accessories rated
equal to or higher than the rating of the pressure washer.
Service Information
Please have the following information available for all service calls:
Model Number ____________ Serial Number ___________
Date and Place of Purchase ____________________________
Repairs
To assure product SAFETY and RELIABILITY, repairs, maintenance
and adjustment should be performed by a DeWALT factory service
center, a DeWALT authorized service center or other qualified
service personnel. Always use identical replacement parts.
16
Glossary
FREE WARNING LABEL REPLACEMENT: If your warning labels
(next page) become illegible or are missing, call 1-800-4-DeWALT
for a free replacement.
17
English
Bypass mode: Allows water to re-circulate within pump when the
gun trigger is not pulled.
Chemical hose: Feeds cleaning agents into the pump to mix with
the water. Refer to Chemicals and Cleaning Solvents.
Chemical injection system: Mixes cleaners or cleaning solvents
with water to improve cleaning effectiveness.
Choke control: Opens and closes carburetor choke valve.
CU: Cleaning Units. GPM multiplied by PSI. (GPM x PSI = CU)
Fuel valve lever: Opens/closes connection between fuel tank and
carburetor.
GPM: Gallons Per Minute. The unit of measure for the flow rate of
water.
PSI: Pounds per Square Inch. The unit of measure for water pressure. Also used for air pressure, hydraulic pressure, etc.
kPa (kilopascal): Metric pressure measurement. 1 kilopascal equal
1000 pascals.
Quick-connect spray wand: Allows the user to quickly change out
high-pressure nozzles. Refer to Spray Wand Nozzles.
Thermal relief valve: When the temperature inside the pump rises
too high the valve will open and release a gush of water in an
effort to lower the temperature inside the pump. The valve will
then close.
Water supply: All pressure washers must have a source of water.
The minimum requirements for a water supply are 20 PSI (138
kPa) and 5 gallons per minute.
English
Troubleshooting Guide
This section provides a list of the more frequently encountered malfunctions, their causes and corrective actions. The
operator or maintenance personnel can perform some corrective actions, and others may require the assistance of a qualified DeWALT
technician or your dealer.
ProblemCode
Engine will not start .......................................................................................................1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 29
(refer to the engine's instruction manual for further engine troubleshooting)
No or low pressure (initial use).......................................................................................9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16
Will not draw chemicals..................................................................................................16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 22
No or low pressure (after period of normal use)............................................................21, 23, 24
Water leaking at gun/spray wand connection.................................................................25, 26
Water leaking at pump....................................................................................................25, 26, 27, 28
Pump Pulsates................................................................................................................12
Troubleshooting Codes
Code
possible cause
POSSIBLE SOLUTION
1
No fuel.
Add fuel.
2
Low oil.
Add required amount of oil.
3
Pressure builds up after two pulls on the recoil starter or after
initial use.
Squeeze gun trigger to relieve pres­sure.
4
Choke lever in the No Choke position.
Move choke to the Choke po­si­tion.
5
Spark plug wire not attached.
Attach spark plug wire.
6
Engine ON/OFF switch in OFF po­si­tion.
Place engine ON/OFF switch in on position.
7
Choke lever in the Choke position on a hot engine or an engine
that has been exposed to thermal heat for a long period of time.
Move choke to the No Choke po­si­tion.
8
Fuel valve closed.
Move the fuel valve lever to the Open position.
9
Spray wand not in high pressure.
See Spray Wand Nozzles under Operation.
18
(Troubleshooting Codes cont.)
Code
POSSIBLE SOLUTION
10
Low water supply.
Water supply must be at least 5 GPM @ 20 PSI (138 kPa).
11
Leak at high-pressure hose fitting.
Repair leak. Apply sealant tape if necessary.
12
Nozzle obstructed.
See Nozzle Cleaning under Maintenance.
13
Water filter screen clogged.
Remove and clean filter.
14
Air in hose.
Turn off the engine, then the water source. Disconnect the
water source from the pump inlet and turn the water source
on to remove all air from the hose. When there is a steady
stream of water present, turn water source off. Recon­nect
water source to pump inlet and turn on wa­ter source. Squeeze
trigger to re­move re­main­ing air.
15
Choke lever in the Choke position.
Move choke to the No Choke po­si­tion.
16
High-pressure hose is too long.
Use high-pressure hose under 100 feet (30.48 m). Lengthen water
supply hose instead of high-pressure hose.
17
Spray wand not in low pressure.
See Spray Wand Nozzles under Operation.
18
Chemical filter clogged.
Clean filter.
19
Chemical screen not in cleaning solution.
Make sure end of chemical hose is fully submerged into cleaning
solution.
20
Chemical too thick.
Dilute chemical. Chemical should be the same consistency as water.
21
Worn seal or packing.
Have parts cleaned or replaced by authorized service center.
22
Chemical build up in chemical injector.
Have replaced by an authorized service center.
23
Worn or obstructed valves.
Have replaced by authorized service center.
24
Worn unloader piston.
Have replaced by authorized service center.
25
Worn or broken o-ring.
Check and replace.
19
English
possible cause
(Troubleshooting Codes cont.)
English
Code
possible cause
POSSIBLE SOLUTION
26
Loose hose connection.
Tighten.
27
Piston packings worn.
Have replaced by authorized service center.
28
Pump head or tubes damaged from freezing.
Have replaced by authorized service center.
29
Air filter filled with oil.
Clean air filter element. Refer to engine instruction manual for
correct procedure.
20
DeWALT Industrial Tool Co., 701 Joppa Road, Baltimore, MD 21286
Copyright © 2007 DeWALT
DPD3100
Form No. N000532
(OCT07)
The following are trademarks for one or more DeWALT power tools: the yellow and black color scheme; the “D” shaped air intake grill; the
array of pyramids on the handgrip; the kit box configuration; and the array of lozenge-shaped humps on the surface of the tool.
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