Automotive CU-525686

Automotive  CU-525686
Ceramic transient voltage suppressors
SMD disk varistors for automotive applications
Series/Type:
Date:
August 2011
© EPCOS AG 2015. Reproduction, publication and dissemination of this publication, enclosures hereto and the
information contained therein without EPCOS' prior express consent is prohibited.
EPCOS AG is a TDK Group Company.
SMD disk varistors (CU varistors)
Automotive series
EPCOS type designation system for SMD disk varistor automotive series
CU
4032
Construction:
CU Encapsulated chip
Case sizes:
0225 32 x 25
4032 40 x 32
Varistor voltage tolerance:
K ±10%
Maximum RMS operating voltage (VRMS):
14 14 V
17 17 V
30 30 V
Automotive series
Taping mode:
G2 Taped, 330-mm reel
Please read Cautions and warnings and
Important notes at the end of this document.
Page 2 of 30
K
14
AUTO
G2
SMD disk varistors (CU varistors)
Automotive series
Features
12 V and 24 V supply systems
High energy absorption capability
SMD plastic package
No temperature derating up to 85 °C
RoHS-compatible
Suitable for lead-free soldering
UL approved
PSpice simulation modeling available for different pulses
Applications
Load dump protection acc. to ISO 7637, pulse 5
Jump start protection
Design
Cylindrical varistor element, encapsulated.
Encapsulation: thermoplastic, flame-retardant to UL 94 V-0.
Termination: tinned copper alloy, suitable for lead-free wave and reflow soldering, and
compatible with tin/lead solder.
V/I characteristics and derating curves
V/I and derating curves are attached to the data sheet. The curves are sorted by VRMS and
then by case size, which is included in the type designation.
General technical data
Maximum RMS operating voltage
Maximum DC operating voltage
Maximum surge current
Maximum load dump energy
Maximum jump start voltage
Maximum energy absorption
Maximum clamping voltage
Operating temperature
Storage temperature
Please read Cautions and warnings and
Important notes at the end of this document.
(8/20 µs)
(10 pulses)
(5 min)
(2 ms)
(8/20 µs)
Page 3 of 30
VRMS,max
VDC,max
Isurge,max
WLD
Vjump
Wmax
Vclamp,max
Top
LCT/UCT
14 ... 30
16 ... 34
100 ... 250
6 ... 12
25 ... 50
400 ... 2000
43 ... 93
40/+85
40/+125
V
V
A
J
V
mJ
V
°C
°C
SMD disk varistors (CU varistors)
Automotive series
Temperature derating
Climatic category: 40/+85 °C
Electrical specifications and ordering codes
Maximum ratings (Top,max = 85 °C)
Type
Ordering code
CU3225K14AUTOG2
CU4032K14AUTOG2
CU3225K17AUTOG2
CU4032K17AUTOG2
CU3225K30AUTOG2
CU4032K30AUTOG2
B72650M1140K072
B72660M1140K072
B72650M1170K072
B72660M1170K072
B72650M1300K072
B72660M1300K072
VRMS,max VDC,max Isurge,max
Wmax WLD
(8/20 µs) (2 ms) (10
pulses)
V
V
A
mJ
J
14
16
100
400
6
14
16
250
900 12
17
20
100
500
6
17
20
250
1100 12
30
34
100
900
6
30
34
250
2000 12
Pdiss,max
mW
10
20
10
20
10
20
Characteristics (TA = 25 °C)
Type
CU3225K14AUTOG2
CU4032K14AUTOG2
CU3225K17AUTOG2
CU4032K17AUTOG2
CU3225K30AUTOG2
CU4032K30AUTOG2
VV
(1 mA)
V
22
22
27
27
47
47
Please read Cautions and warnings and
Important notes at the end of this document.
∆VV
%
±10
±10
±10
±10
±10
±10
Vjump
(5 min)
V
25
25
30
30
50
50
Page 4 of 30
Vclamp,max
V
43
43
53
53
93
93
Iclamp
(8/20 µs)
A
1
2.5
1
2.5
1
2.5
Ctyp
(1 kHz, 1 V)
pF
1400
2300
1200
1900
600
1100
SMD disk varistors (CU varistors)
Automotive series
Dimensional drawing
Dimensions in mm
Chip size VRMS,max
EIA in mm
l
w
h
3225
14, 17, 30 8.0 ±0.3
6.3 ±0.3
3.2 ±0.3
4032
14, 17, 30 10.2 ±0.3 8.0 ±0.3
3.2 ±0.3
Recommended solder pad layout
Dimensions in mm
Chip size
EIA in mm
A
B
C
3225
3.50
2.80
4.50
4032
3.50
2.80
6.50
Delivery mode
EIA case size Taping
3225
3225
3225
4032
4032
4032
Blister
Blister
Blister
Blister
Blister
Blister
Reel size
mm
330
330
330
330
330
330
Please read Cautions and warnings and
Important notes at the end of this document.
Packing unit
pcs.
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
Type
Ordering code
CU3225K14AUTOG2
CU3225K17AUTOG2
CU3225K30AUTOG2
CU4032K14AUTOG2
CU4032K17AUTOG2
CU4032K30AUTOG2
B72650M1140K072
B72650M1170K072
B72650M1300K072
B72660M1140K072
B72660M1170K072
B72660M1300K072
Page 5 of 30
SMD disk varistors (CU varistors)
Automotive series
V/I characteristics
CU3225 ... AUTOG2
CU4032 ... AUTOG2
Please read Cautions and warnings and
Important notes at the end of this document.
Page 6 of 30
SMD disk varistors (CU varistors)
Automotive series
Derating curves
Maximum surge current Isurge,max = f (tr, pulse train)
For explanation of the derating curves refer to "General technical information", chapter 2.7.2
CU3225K14AUTOG2 ... K30AUTOG2
CU4032K14AUTOG2 ... K30AUTOG2
Please read Cautions and warnings and
Important notes at the end of this document.
Page 7 of 30
SMD disk varistors (CU varistors)
Automotive series
Taping and packing
1
Taping and packing for SMD components
1.1
Blister tape (the taping to IEC 60286-3)
Dimensions in mm
8-mm tape
12-mm tape
16-mm tape
Case size (inch/mm)
Case size
(inch/mm)
Case size
(inch/mm)
0508/
1220
0612/
1632
1012/
2532
Tolerance
0603/
1608
0506/
1216
0805/
2012
1206/
3216
1210/
3225
1812/
4532
2220/
5750
3225 4032
A0
0.9 ±0.10
1.50
1.60
1.90
2.80
3.50
5.10
7.00
B0
1.75 ±0.10
1.80
2.40
3.50
3.50
4.80
6.00
8.70 10.60 ±0.20
K0
1.0
0.80
T
T2
1.80
0.30
1.3
1.20
2.50
8.60 ±0.20
2.60
5.00
max.
0.30
0.30
max.
3.50
5.50
max.
D0
1.50
1.50
1.50
+0.10/0
D1
1.00
1.50
1.50
min.
P0
4.00
4.00
4.00
±0.101)
P2
2.00
2.00
2.00
±0.05
P1
4.00
8.00
12.00
±0.10
W
8.00
12.00
16.00
±0.30
E
1.75
1.75
1.75
±0.10
F
3.50
5.50
7.50
±0.05
G
0.75
0.75
0.75
min.
1) ≤±0.2 mm over 10 sprocket holes.
Please read Cautions and warnings and
Important notes at the end of this document.
Page 8 of 30
SMD disk varistors (CU varistors)
Automotive series
Part orientation in tape pocket for blister tape
For discrete chip, case sizes 0603, 0805,
1206, 1210, 1812 and 2220
For array, case sizes 0612
For arrays 0506 and 1012
For filter array, case size 0508
Additional taping information
Reel material
Polystyrol (PS)
Tape material
Polystyrol (PS) or Polycarbonat (PC) or PVC
Tape break force
min. 10 N
Top cover tape strength
min. 10 N
Top cover tape peel force
0.2 to 0.6 N for 8-mm tape and 0.2 to 0.8 N for
12-mm tape at a peel speed of 300 mm/min
Tape peel angle
Angle between top cover tape and the direction of feed
during peel off: 165° to 180°
Cavity play
Each part rests in the cavity so that the angle between
the part and cavity center line is no more than 20°
Please read Cautions and warnings and
Important notes at the end of this document.
Page 9 of 30
SMD disk varistors (CU varistors)
Automotive series
1.2
Cardboard tape (taping to IEC 60286-3)
Dimensions in mm
8-mm tape
Case size
Tolerance
(inch/mm)
Case size (inch/mm)
0201/0603 0402/1005 0405/1012 0603/1608 1003/2508 0508/1220
A0
0.38 ±0.05
0.60
1.05
0.95
1.00
1.60
±0.20
B0
0.68 ±0.05
1.15
1.60
1.80
2.85
2.40
±0.20
T
0.35 ±0.02
0.60
0.75
0.95
1.00
0.95
max.
T2
0.4 min.
0.70
0.90
1.10
1.10
1.12
max.
D0
1.50 ±0.1
1.50
+0.10/0
1.50
P0
4.00
±0.102)
P2
2.00
±0.05
P1
2.00 ±0.05
2.00
4.00
4.00
4.00
4.00
±0.10
W
8.00
±0.30
E
1.75
±0.10
F
G
±0.05
3.50
1.35
0.75
2) ≤0.2 mm over 10 sprocket holes.
Please read Cautions and warnings and
Important notes at the end of this document.
Page 10 of 30
min.
SMD disk varistors (CU varistors)
Automotive series
Part orientation in tape pocket for cardboard tape
For discrete chip case sizes 0201, 0402, 0603
and 1003
For array case size 0405
For array case size 0508
For filter array, case size 0405
Additional taping information
Reel material
Polystyrol (PS)
Tape material
Cardboard
Tape break force
min. 10 N
Top cover tape strength
min. 10 N
Top cover tape peel force
0.1 to 0.65 N at a peel speed of 300 mm/min
Tape peel angle
Angle between top cover tape and the direction of feed
during peel off: 165° to 180°
Cavity play
Each part rests in the cavity so that the angle between
the part and cavity center line is no more than 20°
Please read Cautions and warnings and
Important notes at the end of this document.
Page 11 of 30
SMD disk varistors (CU varistors)
Automotive series
1.3
Reel packing
Dimensions in mm
8-mm tape
180-mm reel
330-mm reel
12-mm tape
180-mm reel
330-mm reel
16-mm tape
330-mm reel
A
180 3/+0
330 2.0
180 3/+0
330 2.0
330 2.0
W1
8.4 +1.5/0
8.4 +1.5/0
12.4 +1.5/0
12.4 +1.5/0
16.4 +1.5/0
W2
14.4 max.
14.4 max.
18.4 max.
18.4 max.
22.4 max.
Leader, trailer
Please read Cautions and warnings and
Important notes at the end of this document.
Page 12 of 30
SMD disk varistors (CU varistors)
Automotive series
1.4
Packing units for discrete chip and array chip
Case size
Chip thickness
inch/mm
0201/0603
0402/1005
0405/1012
0506/1216
0508/1220
0603/1608
0612/1632
0805/2012
th
0.33 mm
0.6 mm
0.7 mm
0.5 mm
0.9 mm
0.9 mm
0.9 mm
0.7 mm
0.9 mm
1.3 mm
0.9 mm
1.0 mm
0.9 mm
1.3 mm
1.4 mm
1.6 mm
0.9 mm
1.3 mm
1.4 mm
1.6 mm
1.3 mm
1.4 mm
1.6 mm
2.3 mm
1.3 mm
1.4 mm
2.0 mm
2.3 mm
3.2 mm
4.5 mm
3.2 mm
4.5 mm
1003/2508
1012/2532
1206/3216
1210/3225
1812/4532
2220/5750
3225
4032
Please read Cautions and warnings and
Important notes at the end of this document.
Cardboard tape Blister tape
W
8 mm
8 mm
8 mm
8 mm
8 mm
8 mm
W
8 mm
8 mm
8 mm
8 mm
8 mm
8 mm
8 mm
8 mm
8 mm
8 mm
8 mm
8 mm
8 mm
8 mm
8 mm
8 mm
12 mm
12 mm
12 mm
12 mm
12 mm
12 mm
12 mm
12 mm
16 mm
16 mm
16 mm
16 mm
Page 13 of 30
∅ 180-mm reel ∅ 330-mm reel
pcs.
15000
10000
5000
4000
4000
4000
3000
3000
3000
3000
4000
2000
3000
3000
2000
2000
3000
3000
2000
2000
1500
1000
1500
1000
pcs.
16000
12000
4000
3000
3000
3000
1000
1000
1000
1000
SMD disk varistors (CU varistors)
Automotive series
2
Delivery mode for leaded SHCV varistors
Standard delivery mode for SHCV types is bulk. Alternative taping modes (AMMO pack or taped
on reel) are available upon request.
Packing units for:
Type
Pieces
SR6
2000
SR1 / SR2
1000
For types not listed in this data book please contact EPCOS.
Please read Cautions and warnings and
Important notes at the end of this document.
Page 14 of 30
SMD disk varistors (CU varistors)
Automotive series
Soldering directions
1
Terminations
1.1
Nickel barrier termination
The nickel barrier layer of the silver/nickel/tin termination prevents leaching of the silver base metallization layer. This allows great flexibility in the selection of soldering parameters. The tin prevents the nickel layer from oxidizing and thus ensures better wetting by the solder. The nickel barrier termination is suitable for all commonly-used soldering methods.
Multilayer CTVS: Structure of nickel barrier termination
1.2
Silver-palladium termination
Silver-palladium terminations are used for the large case sizes 1812 and 2220 and for chips intended for conductive adhesion. This metallization improves the resistance of large chips to thermal shock.
In case of conductive adhesion, the silver-palladium metallization reduces susceptibility to corrosion. Silver-palladium termination can be used for smaller case sizes (only chip) for hybrid applications as well. The silver-palladium termination is not approved for lead-free soldering.
Multilayer varistor: Structure of silver-palladium termination
Please read Cautions and warnings and
Important notes at the end of this document.
Page 15 of 30
SMD disk varistors (CU varistors)
Automotive series
1.3
Silver-platinum termination
Silver-platinum terminations are mainly used for the large case sizes 1812 and 2220. The silverplatinum termination is approved for reflow soldering, SnPb soldering and lead-free soldering with
a silver containing solder paste. In case of SnPb soldering, a solder paste Sn62Pb36Ag2 is recommended. For lead-free reflow soldering, a solder paste SAC, e.g. Sn95.5Ag3.8Cu0.7, is recommended.
Multilayer varistor: Structure of silver-platinum termination
2
Recommended soldering temperature profiles
2.1
Reflow soldering temperature profile
Recommended temperature characteristic for reflow soldering following
JEDEC J-STD-020D
Please read Cautions and warnings and
Important notes at the end of this document.
Page 16 of 30
SMD disk varistors (CU varistors)
Automotive series
Profile feature
Sn-Pb eutectic assembly
Pb-free assembly
Preheat and soak
- Temperature min
- Temperature max
- Time
Tsmin
Tsmax
tsmin to tsmax
100 °C
150 °C
60 ... 120 s
150 °C
200 °C
60 ... 180 s
Average ramp-up rate
Tsmax to Tp
3 °C/ s max.
3 °C/ s max.
Liquidous temperature
Time at liquidous
TL
tL
183 °C
60 ... 150 s
217 °C
60 ... 150 s
Peak package body temperature
Tp1)
220 °C ... 235 °C2)
245 °C ... 260 °C2)
20 s3)
30 s3)
6 °C/ s max.
6 °C/ s max.
maximum 6 min
maximum 8 min
Time (tP) within 5 °C of specified
classification temperature (Tc)
3)
Average ramp-down rate
Tp to Tsmax
Time 25 °C to peak temperature
1) Tolerance for peak profile temperature (TP) is defined as a supplier minimum and a user maximum.
2) Depending on package thickness. For details please refer to JEDEC J-STD-020D.
3) Tolerance for time at peak profile temperature (tP) is defined as a supplier minimum and a user maximum.
Note: All temperatures refer to topside of the package, measured on the package body surface.
Number of reflow cycles: 3
2.2
Wave soldering temperature profile
Temperature characteristics at component terminal with dual-wave soldering
Please read Cautions and warnings and
Important notes at the end of this document.
Page 17 of 30
SMD disk varistors (CU varistors)
Automotive series
2.3
Lead-free soldering processes
EPCOS multilayer CTVS with AgNiSn termination are designed for the requirements of lead-free
soldering processes only.
Soldering temperature profiles to JEDEC J-STD-020D, IEC 60068-2-58 and ZVEI recommendations.
3
Recommended soldering methods - type-specific releases by EPCOS
3.1
Overview
Reflow soldering
Wave soldering
Type
Case size
SnPb
Lead-free
SnPb
Lead-free
CT... / CD...
0201/ 0402
Approved
Approved
No
No
CT... / CD...
0603 ... 2220
Approved
Approved
Approved
Approved
CN...
0603 ... 2220
Approved
No
Approved
No
CN...K2
1812, 2220
Approved
Approved
No
No
Arrays
0405 ... 1012
Approved
Approved
No
No
ESD/EMI filters 0405, 0508
Approved
Approved
No
No
CU
3225, 4032
Approved
Approved
Approved
Approved
SHCV
-
No
No
Approved
Approved
3.2
Nickel barrier and AgPt terminated multilayer CTVS
All EPCOS MLVs with nickel barrier and AgPt termination are suitable and fully qualiyfied for leadfree soldering. The nickel barrier layer is 100% matte tin-plated.
3.3
Silver-palladium terminated MLVs
AgPd-terminated MLVs are mainly designed for conductive adhesion technology on hybrid material. Additionally MLVs with AgPd termination are suitable for reflow and wave soldering with SnPb
solder.
Note:
Lead-free soldering is not approved for MLVs with AgPd termination.
3.4
Silver-platinum terminated MLVs
The silver-platinum termination is approved for reflow soldering, SnPb soldering and lead-free
with a silver containing solder paste. In case of SnPb soldering, a solder paste Sn62Pb36Ag2 is
recommended. For lead-free reflow soldering, a solder paste SAC, e.g. Sn95.5Ag3.8Cu0.7, is
recommended.
Please read Cautions and warnings and
Important notes at the end of this document.
Page 18 of 30
SMD disk varistors (CU varistors)
Automotive series
3.5
Tinned copper alloy
All EPCOS CU types with tinned termination are approved for lead-free and SnPb soldering.
3.6
Tinned iron wire
All EPCOS SHCV types with tinned termination are approved for lead-free and SnPb soldering.
4
Solder joint profiles / solder quantity
4.1
Nickel barrier termination
If the meniscus height is too low, that means the solder quantity is too low, the solder joint may
break, i.e. the component becomes detached from the joint. This problem is sometimes interpreted as leaching of the external terminations.
If the solder meniscus is too high, i.e. the solder quantity is too large, the vise effect may occur.
As the solder cools down, the solder contracts in the direction of the component. If there is too
much solder on the component, it has no leeway to evade the stress and may break, as in a vise.
The figures below show good and poor solder joints for dual-wave and infrared soldering.
4.1.1
Solder joint profiles for nickel barrier termination - dual-wave soldering
Good and poor solder joints caused by amount of solder in dual-wave soldering.
4.1.2
Solder joint profiles for nickel barrier termination / silver-palladium / silver-platinum
termination - reflow soldering
Please read Cautions and warnings and
Important notes at the end of this document.
Page 19 of 30
SMD disk varistors (CU varistors)
Automotive series
Good and poor solder joints caused by amount of solder in reflow soldering.
5
Conductive adhesion
Attaching surface-mounted devices (SMDs) with electrically conductive adhesives is a commercially attractive method of component connection to supplement or even replace conventional soldering methods.
Electrically conductive adhesives consist of a non-conductive plastic (epoxy resin, polyimide or
silicon) in which electrically conductive metal particles (gold, silver, palladium, nickel, etc) are embedded. Electrical conduction is effected by contact between the metal particles.
Adhesion is particularly suitable for meeting the demands of hybrid technology. The adhesives
can be deposited ready for production requirements by screen printing, stamping or by dispensers. As shown in the following table, conductive adhesion involves two work operations fewer
than soldering.
Reflow soldering
Wave soldering
Conductive adhesion
Screen-print solder paste
Apply glue dot
Screen-print conductive adhesive
Mount SMD
Mount SMD
Mount SMD
Predry solder paste
Cure glue
Cure adhesive
Reflow soldering
Wave soldering
Inspect
Wash
Wash
Inspect
Inspect
Please read Cautions and warnings and
Important notes at the end of this document.
Page 20 of 30
SMD disk varistors (CU varistors)
Automotive series
A further advantage of adhesion is that the components are subjected to virtually no temperature
shock at all. The curing temperatures of the adhesives are between 120 °C and 180 °C, typical
curing times are between 30 minutes and one hour.
The bending strength of glued chips is, in comparison with that of soldered chips, higher by a factor of at least 2, as is to be expected due to the elasticity of the glued joints.
The lower conductivity of conductive adhesive may lead to higher contact resistance and thus result in electrical data different to those of soldered components. Users must pay special attention
to this in RF applications.
6
Solderability tests
Test
Standard
Wettability
Leaching
resistance
Test conditions
Pb-free soldering
Criteria/ test results
IEC
Immersion in
60068-2-58 60/40 SnPb solder
using non-activated
flux at 215 ± 3 °C
for 3 ± 0.3 s
Immersion in
Sn96.5Ag3.0Cu0.5
solder using non- or
low activated flux
at 245 ± 5 °C
for 3 ± 0.3 s
Covering of 95% of
end termination,
checked by visual
inspection
IEC
Immersion in
60068-2-58 60/40 SnPb
solder using
mildly activated flux
without preheating
at 260 ± 5 °C
for 10 ±1 s
Immersion in
No leaching of
Sn96.5Ag3.0Cu0.5 contacts
solder using non- or
low activated flux
without preheating
at 255 ± 5 °C
for 10 ±1 s
Thermal shock
(solder shock)
Test conditions
Sn-Pb soldering
Dip soldering at
300 °C/5 s
Dip soldering at
300 °C/5 s
No deterioration of
electrical parameters.
Capacitance change:
≤ ±15%
Tests of resistance IEC
Immersion in
Immersion in
to soldering heat
60068-2-58 60/40 SnPb for 10 s Sn96.5Ag3.0Cu0.5
for SMDs
at 260 °C
for 10 s at 260 °C
Change of varistor
voltage:
≤ ±5%
Tests of resistance IEC
to soldering heat
60068-2-20
for radial leaded
components
(SHCV)
Change of varistor
voltage: ≤ ±5%
Change of
capacitance X7R:
≤ 5/+10%
Please read Cautions and warnings and
Important notes at the end of this document.
Immersion
of leads in
60/40 SnPb
for 10 s at 260 °C
Immersion
of leads in
Sn96.5Ag3.0Cu0.5
for 10 s at 260 °C
Page 21 of 30
SMD disk varistors (CU varistors)
Automotive series
Note:
Leaching of the termination
Effective area at the termination might be lost if the soldering temperature and/or immersion time
are not kept within the recommended conditions. Leaching of the outer electrode should not exceed 25% of the chip end area (full length of the edge A-B-C-D) and 25% of the length A-B,
shown below as mounted on substrate.
As a single chip
7
As mounted on substrate
Notes for proper soldering
7.1
Preheating and cooling
According to JEDEC J-STD-020D. Please refer to chapter 2.
7.2
Repair / rework
Manual soldering with a soldering iron must be avoided, hot-air methods are recommended for
rework purposes.
7.3
Cleaning
All environmentally compatible agents are suitable for cleaning. Select the appropriate cleaning
solution according to the type of flux used. The temperature difference between the components
and cleaning liquid must not be greater than 100 °C. Ultrasonic cleaning should be carried out
with the utmost caution. Too high ultrasonic power can impair the adhesive strength of the metallized surfaces.
7.4
Solder paste printing (reflow soldering)
An excessive application of solder paste results in too high a solder fillet, thus making the chip
more susceptible to mechanical and thermal stress. Too little solder paste reduces the adhesive
strength on the outer electrodes and thus weakens the bonding to the PCB. The solder should be
applied smoothly to the end surface.
Please read Cautions and warnings and
Important notes at the end of this document.
Page 22 of 30
SMD disk varistors (CU varistors)
Automotive series
7.5
Adhesive application
Thin or insufficient adhesive causes chips to loosen or become disconnected during curing.
Low viscosity of the adhesive causes chips to slip after mounting. It is advised to consult the
manufacturer of the adhesive on proper usage and amounts of adhesive to use.
7.6
Selection of flux
Used flux should have less than or equal to 0.1 wt % of halogenated content, since flux residue
after soldering could lead to corrosion of the termination and/or increased leakage current on the
surface of the component. Strong acidic flux must not be used. The amount of flux applied should
be carefully controlled, since an excess may generate flux gas, which in turn is detrimental to solderability.
7.7
Storage of CTVSs
Solderability is guaranteed for one year from date of delivery for multilayer varistors, CeraDiodes
and ESD/EMI filters (half a year for chips with AgPd and AgPt terminations) and two years for
SHCV and CU components, provided that components are stored in their original packages.
Storage temperature:
25 °C to +45 °C
Relative humidity:
≤75% annual average, ≤95% on 30 days a year
The solderability of the external electrodes may deteriorate if SMDs and leaded components are
stored where they are exposed to high humidity, dust or harmful gas (hydrogen chloride, sulfurous
acid gas or hydrogen sulfide).
Do not store SMDs and leaded components where they are exposed to heat or direct sunlight.
Otherwise the packing material may be deformed or SMDs/ leaded components may stick together, causing problems during mounting.
After opening the factory seals, such as polyvinyl-sealed packages, it is recommended to use the
SMDs or leaded components as soon as possible.
7.8
Placement of components on circuit board
Especially in the case of dual-wave soldering, it is of advantage to place the components on the
board before soldering in that way that their two terminals do not enter the solder bath at different
times.
Ideally, both terminals should be wetted simultaneously.
7.9
Soldering cautions
An excessively long soldering time or high soldering temperature results in leaching of the outer
electrodes, causing poor adhesion and a change of electrical properties of the varistor due to
the loss of contact between electrodes and termination.
Wave soldering must not be applied for MLVs designated for reflow soldering only.
Keep the recommended down-cooling rate.
Please read Cautions and warnings and
Important notes at the end of this document.
Page 23 of 30
SMD disk varistors (CU varistors)
Automotive series
7.10
Standards
CECC 00802
IEC 60068-2-58
IEC 60068-2-20
JEDEC J-STD-020D
Please read Cautions and warnings and
Important notes at the end of this document.
Page 24 of 30
SMD disk varistors (CU varistors)
Automotive series
Symbols and terms
Symbol
Term
Cline,typ
Typical capacitance per line
Cmax
Maximum capacitance
Cmin
Minimum capacitance
Cnom
Nominal capacitance
∆Cnom
Tolerance of nominal capacitance
Ctyp
Typical capacitance
fcut-off,min
Minimum cut-off frequency
I
Current
Iclamp
Clamping current
Ileak
Leakage current
Ileak,typ
Typical leakage current
IPP
Peak pulse current
Isurge,max
Maximum surge current (also termed peak current)
LCT
Lower category temperature
Ltyp
Typical inductance
Pdiss,max
Maximum power dissipation
PPP
Peak pulse power
Rins
Insulation resistance
Rmin
Minimum resistance
RS
Resistance per line
TA
Ambient temperature
Top
Operating temperature
Tstg
Storage temperature
tr
Duration of equivalent rectangular wave
tresp
Response time
UCT
Upper category temperature
V
Voltage
VBR,min
Minimum breakdown voltage
Vclamp,max
Maximum clamping voltage
VDC,max
Maximum DC operating voltage (also termed working voltage)
VESD,air
Air discharge ESD capability
VESD,contact
Contact discharge ESD capability
Vjump
Maximum jump start voltage
Please read Cautions and warnings and
Important notes at the end of this document.
Page 25 of 30
SMD disk varistors (CU varistors)
Automotive series
VRMS,max
Maximum AC operating voltage, root-mean-square value
VV
Varistor voltage (also termed breakdown voltage)
VV,min
Minimum varistor voltage
VV,max
Maximum varistor voltage
∆VV
Tolerance of varistor voltage
WLD
Maximum load dump
Wmax
Maximum energy absorption (also termed transient energy)
αtyp
Typical insertion loss
Lead spacing
*
Maximum possible application conditions
All dimensions are given in mm.
The commas used in numerical values denote decimal points.
Please read Cautions and warnings and
Important notes at the end of this document.
Page 26 of 30
SMD disk varistors (CU varistors)
Automotive series
Cautions and warnings
General
Some parts of this publication contain statements about the suitability of our ceramic transient
voltage suppressor (CTVS) components (multilayer varistors (MLVs), CeraDiodes, ESD/EMI
filters, SMD disk varistors (CU types), leaded transient voltage/ RFI suppressors (SHCV types))
for certain areas of application, including recommendations about incorporation/design-in of these
products into customer applications. The statements are based on our knowledge of typical
requirements often made of our CTVS devices in the particular areas. We nevertheless expressly
point out that such statements cannot be regarded as binding statements about the suitability of
our CTVS components for a particular customer application. As a rule, EPCOS is either unfamiliar
with individual customer applications or less familiar with them than the customers themselves.
For these reasons, it is always incumbent on the customer to check and decide whether the
CTVS devices with the properties described in the product specification are suitable for use in a
particular customer application.
Do not use EPCOS CTVS components for purposes not identified in our specifications,
application notes and data books.
Ensure the suitability of a CTVS in particular by testing it for reliability during design-in. Always
evaluate a CTVS component under worst-case conditions.
Pay special attention to the reliability of CTVS devices intended for use in safety-critical
applications (e.g. medical equipment, automotive, spacecraft, nuclear power plant).
Design notes
Always connect a CTVS in parallel with the electronic circuit to be protected.
Consider maximum rated power dissipation if a CTVS has insufficient time to cool down
between a number of pulses occurring within a specified isolated time period. Ensure that
electrical characteristics do not degrade.
Consider derating at higher operating temperatures. Choose the highest voltage class
compatible with derating at higher temperatures.
Surge currents beyond specified values will puncture a CTVS. In extreme cases a CTVS will
burst.
If steep surge current edges are to be expected, make sure your design is as low-inductance
as possible.
In some cases the malfunctioning of passive electronic components or failure before the end of
their service life cannot be completely ruled out in the current state of the art, even if they are
operated as specified. In applications requiring a very high level of operational safety and
especially when the malfunction or failure of a passive electronic component could endanger
human life or health (e.g. in accident prevention, life-saving systems, or automotive battery line
applications such as clamp 30), ensure by suitable design of the application or other measures
(e.g. installation of protective circuitry or redundancy) that no injury or damage is sustained by
third parties in the event of such a malfunction or failure. Only use CTVS components from the
automotive series in safety-relevant applications.
Please read Cautions and warnings and
Important notes at the end of this document.
Page 27 of 30
SMD disk varistors (CU varistors)
Automotive series
Specified values only apply to CTVS components that have not been subject to prior electrical,
mechanical or thermal damage. The use of CTVS devices in line-to-ground applications is
therefore not advisable, and it is only allowed together with safety countermeasures like
thermal fuses.
Storage
Only store CTVS in their original packaging. Do not open the package before storage.
Storage conditions in original packaging: temperature 25 to +45°C, relative humidity ≤75%
annual average, maximum 95%, dew precipitation is inadmissible.
Do not store CTVS devices where they are exposed to heat or direct sunlight. Otherwise the
packaging material may be deformed or CTVS may stick together, causing problems during
mounting.
Avoid contamination of the CTVS surface during storage, handling and processing.
Avoid storing CTVS devices in harmful environments where they are exposed to corrosive
gases for example (SOx, Cl).
Use CTVS as soon as possible after opening factory seals such as polyvinyl-sealed packages.
Solder CTVS components after shipment from EPCOS within the time specified:
CTVS with Ni barrier termination, 12 months
CTVS with AgPd and AgPt termination, 6 months
SHCV and CU series, 24 months
Handling
Do not drop CTVS components and allow them to be chipped.
Do not touch CTVS with your bare hands - gloves are recommended.
Avoid contamination of the CTVS surface during handling.
Mounting
When CTVS devices are encapsulated with sealing material or overmolded with plastic
material, electrical characteristics might be degraded and the life time reduced.
Make sure an electrode is not scratched before, during or after the mounting process.
Make sure contacts and housings used for assembly with CTVS components are clean before
mounting.
The surface temperature of an operating CTVS can be higher. Ensure that adjacent
components are placed at a sufficient distance from a CTVS to allow proper cooling.
Avoid contamination of the CTVS surface during processing.
Multilayer varistors (MLVs) with AgPd termination are not approved for lead-free soldering.
Soldering
Complete removal of flux is recommended to avoid surface contamination that can result in an
instable and/or high leakage current.
Use resin-type or non-activated flux.
Bear in mind that insufficient preheating may cause ceramic cracks.
Rapid cooling by dipping in solvent is not recommended, otherwise a component may crack.
Please read Cautions and warnings and
Important notes at the end of this document.
Page 28 of 30
SMD disk varistors (CU varistors)
Automotive series
Conductive adhesive gluing
Only multilayer varistors (MLVs) with an AgPd termination are approved for conductive
adhesive gluing.
Operation
Use CTVS only within the specified operating temperature range.
Use CTVS only within specified voltage and current ranges.
Environmental conditions must not harm a CTVS. Only use them in normal atmospheric
conditions. Reducing the atmosphere (e.g. hydrogen or nitrogen atmosphere) is prohibited.
Prevent a CTVS from contacting liquids and solvents. Make sure that no water enters a CTVS
(e.g. through plug terminals).
Avoid dewing and condensation.
EPCOS CTVS components are mainly designed for encased applications. Under all
circumstances avoid exposure to:
direct sunlight
rain or condensation
steam, saline spray
corrosive gases
atmosphere with reduced oxygen content
EPCOS CTVS devices are not suitable for switching applications or voltage stabilization where
static power dissipation is required.
Multilayer varistors (MLVs) are designed for ESD protection and transient suppression.
CeraDiodes are designed for ESD protection only, ESD/EMI filters are designed for ESD and
EMI protection only.
This listing does not claim to be complete, but merely reflects the experience of EPCOS AG.
Please read Cautions and warnings and
Important notes at the end of this document.
Page 29 of 30
Important notes
The following applies to all products named in this publication:
1. Some parts of this publication contain statements about the suitability of our products for
certain areas of application. These statements are based on our knowledge of typical requirements that are often placed on our products in the areas of application concerned. We
nevertheless expressly point out that such statements cannot be regarded as binding
statements about the suitability of our products for a particular customer application.
As a rule, EPCOS is either unfamiliar with individual customer applications or less familiar
with them than the customers themselves. For these reasons, it is always ultimately incumbent on the customer to check and decide whether an EPCOS product with the properties described in the product specification is suitable for use in a particular customer application.
2. We also point out that in individual cases, a malfunction of electronic components or
failure before the end of their usual service life cannot be completely ruled out in the
current state of the art, even if they are operated as specified. In customer applications
requiring a very high level of operational safety and especially in customer applications in
which the malfunction or failure of an electronic component could endanger human life or
health (e.g. in accident prevention or lifesaving systems), it must therefore be ensured by
means of suitable design of the customer application or other action taken by the customer
(e.g. installation of protective circuitry or redundancy) that no injury or damage is sustained by
third parties in the event of malfunction or failure of an electronic component.
3. The warnings, cautions and product-specific notes must be observed.
4. In order to satisfy certain technical requirements, some of the products described in this
publication may contain substances subject to restrictions in certain jurisdictions (e.g.
because they are classed as hazardous). Useful information on this will be found in our Material Data Sheets on the Internet (www.epcos.com/material). Should you have any more detailed questions, please contact our sales offices.
5. We constantly strive to improve our products. Consequently, the products described in this
publication may change from time to time. The same is true of the corresponding product
specifications. Please check therefore to what extent product descriptions and specifications
contained in this publication are still applicable before or when you place an order. We also
reserve the right to discontinue production and delivery of products. Consequently, we
cannot guarantee that all products named in this publication will always be available. The
aforementioned does not apply in the case of individual agreements deviating from the foregoing for customer-specific products.
6. Unless otherwise agreed in individual contracts, all orders are subject to the current version of the "General Terms of Delivery for Products and Services in the Electrical Industry" published by the German Electrical and Electronics Industry Association
(ZVEI).
7. The trade names EPCOS, BAOKE, Alu-X, CeraDiode, CSMP, CSSP, CTVS, DeltaCap,
DigiSiMic, DSSP, FormFit, MiniBlue, MiniCell, MKK, MKD, MLSC, MotorCap, PCC,
PhaseCap, PhaseCube, PhaseMod, PhiCap, SIFERRIT, SIFI, SIKOREL, SilverCap,
SIMDAD, SiMic, SIMID, SineFormer, SIOV, SIP5D, SIP5K, ThermoFuse, WindCap are trademarks registered or pending in Europe and in other countries. Further information will be
found on the Internet at www.epcos.com/trademarks.
Page 30 of 30
Mouser Electronics
Authorized Distributor
Click to View Pricing, Inventory, Delivery & Lifecycle Information:
EPCOS:
B72650M1170K072 B72650M1300K072 B72660M1170K072 B72660M1300K072
EPCOS / TDK:
B72650M1140K072 B72660M1140K072
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