Wohler AMP1-SDA User guide

Wohler AMP1-SDA User guide
AMPx-SDA Series
•
AMP1-SDA
• AMP2-SDA
Digital Audio Speaker Monitors
User Guide
Part Number 821027, Revision D
© 2012 Wohler Technologies, Inc. and PANORAMA. All rights reserved.
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Last Update
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AMPx-SDA User Guide
Introduction
Overview
The AMPx-SDA Series of audio monitors provides self-powered, fullfidelity stereo monitoring in the smallest rack space possible. All
models in the series contain four high performance transducers driven
by three power amplifiers: two amplifier/driver combinations handle
midrange and high frequency information in stereo, while the third
center channel reproduces information below the 500 Hz crossover
point.
Topics
Topics
Introduction
Page
1
Safety Instructions
2
Installation Recommendations
3
Features
4
Applications
5
Specifications
6
Front Panel Controls
8
Rear Panel Connectors
11
Technical Functional Overview
16
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AMPx-SDA User Guide
S a f e t y I n s tr u c ti o n s
Safety Instructions
IMPORTANT:
1.
Read, keep, and follow all of these instructions; heed all warnings.
2.
Do not use this equipment near water or moisture.
3.
Use only a dry cloth to clean the equipment.
4.
Do not block any ventilation openings. Install only in accordance
with the instructions in the section entitled, “Installation
Recommendations” on page 3.
5.
Do not install near any heat source such as a radiator, heat register,
amplifier, or stove.
6.
Do not attempt to plug the unit into a two-blade outlet (with only
two prongs of equal width).
By design, these monitors will only plug into a three-prong outlet for
your safety. If the plug does not fit into your outlet, contact an
electrician to replace the obsolete outlet.
7.
Protect the power cord from being walked on or pinched,
particularly at plug’s source on the equipment and at the socket.
8.
Use only the attachments/accessories specified by the
manufacturer.
9.
Unplug the equipment during lightning storms or when unused
for long periods of time.
10. Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel. Servicing will be
required under all of the following conditions:
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The equipment has been damaged in any way, such as when
the power-supply cord or plug is damaged.
•
Liquid had been spilled or objects have fallen onto the
equipment.
•
The equipment has been exposed to rain or moisture.
•
The equipment does not operate normally.
•
The equipment has been dropped.
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AMPx-SDA User Guide
I n s ta l la t i o n R e c o m me n d a t io n s
Installation Recommendations
Mounting
Note:
If you wish to set the AES Input Termination, AES Status Error
Type, AES Input Level Gain, Line Level Calibration, Meter Gain
Calibration, and/or Bargraph Display Mode via the DIP
switches (accessed on the rear panel) be sure to do so
BEFORE installing the unit into an enclosed rack or console.
See pages 12 and 14 for setting information.
The unit should be mounted where convenient for operating persons,
ideally at approximately ear level for best high frequency response. Its
superior magnetic shielding eliminates concerns about locating it
adjacent to most types of CRT monitors, including even high-resolution
color monitors.
Heat Dissipation
Heat dissipated by the speaker amps is conducted directly to the left
side of the chassis; no special considerations for cooling are necessary
as long as the ambient temperature inside the rack area does not exceed
approximately 40°C (104°F).
Sympathetic Vibration
Sympathetic vibration from other equipment (cables, etc.,) in the rack
may be serious enough to interfere with the unit’s sound quality out in
the listening area. The use of thin card stock and/or felt or foam
weather-stripping type materials between adjacent vibrating surfaces,
or tying up loose cables, etc., may be required to stop vibrations
external to the unit.
Mechanical Bracing
Even though the unit is fairly heavy, the chassis is securely attached to
the front panel at eight points along its surface, not just at the four
corners of the chassis ears. This feature will reduce or eliminate rear
bracing requirements in many mobile/portable applications. The
weight of internal components is distributed fairly evenly around the
unit.
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AMPx-SDA User Guide
Features
Audio Connections
Connection of the audio feeds is straightforward. For digital inputs,
Impedances are 75 Ω for the unbalanced BNC connectors and 110 Ω for
the balanced XLR connectors. Analog inputs have an impedance of 40k
Ω for the balanced XLR connectors. Care should be exercised to avoid
mismatched cable types and other similar causes of undesired
reflections in RF signal systems.
Electrical Interference
As with any audio equipment, maximum immunity from electrical
interference requires the use of shielded cable; however, satisfactory
results can sometimes be obtained without it. The internal circuitry
common is connected to the chassis.
AC Power
The unit's AC mains connection is via a standard IEC inlet, with safety
ground connected directly to the unit's chassis. The universal AC input
(100-240VAC, 50/60Hz) switching power supply is a self-resetting
sealed type, with automatic over-voltage and over-current shutdown.
There is no user-replaceable fuse in either the primary or secondary
circuit.
Features
• Excellent high frequency response for positive detection of
background whine and noise
• Audible and visual indication of phase/polarity problems
• Thorough magnetic shielding for placement next to video monitors
• Two high-resolution 26-segment tri-color LED bar graph level
meters
• SD-SDI input and loop-through on unbalanced BNC connectors
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AMPx-SDA User Guide
Applications
• AES/EBU input on unbalanced BNC connector
• Analog stereo inputs on two balanced XLR connectors
• AES output (converted from SDI input) on BNC connector
• Analog output of selected input on two balanced XLR connectors
• SD-SDI signal status indication LED
• AES signal status indication LED
• SD-SDI subgroup 1 or 2 (of Group #1) source selection via front
panel toggle switch
• SD-SDI/AES source selection via front panel toggle switch
• Digital/analog source selection via front panel toggle switch
• Headphone output
• Power indication LED
Applications
The AMP1 Digital series is ideally suited for use in VTR bays, mobile
production vehicles, teleconferencing installations, multimedia
systems, satellite links and cable TV facilities, and on-air radio studios.
Designed and manufactured in the U.S., the AMP1-SDA is backed by a
strong warranty and a satisfaction guaranteed return policy.
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AMPx-SDA User Guide
S p e c if i c a ti o n s
Specifications
Table 1–1
Audio Specifications for the AMPx-SDA Series Monitors
Specifications
AMP1-SDA
Analog IN: XLR (3-pin female) 2 each
SD-SDI IN: BNC (female) 1 each
AES IN: BNC (female) 1 each
XLR: 110  (Balanced)
BNC: 75  (Unbalanced)
XLR: 40k  (Balanced)
Input connectors
Digital input impedance
Analog input impedance
Input Level for Maximum
Output (Volume Full On)
Input Overload
Peak Acoustic Output
(@ 2 ft.)
AMP2-SDA
0 dBv balanced
+26 dBv balanced
98 dB SPL
104 dB SPL
80 Hz - 16 kHz ± 7 dB)
80 Hz - 16 kHz ± 5 dB)
(-10 dB @ 50 Hz, 22 kHZ)
(-10 dB @ 40 Hz, 20 kHZ)
10 W transient / 5 W
continuous
14 W transient / 10 W
continuous
RMS Bass (4 )
20 W transient / 10 W
continuous
35 W transient / 25 W
continuous
Distortion, Electrical:
< 0.15% at any level below limit threshold
8% or less at worst case
6% or less at worst case
frequencies above 180 Hz
frequencies above 120 Hz,
including cabinet
including cabinet
resonance; typically less
resonance; typically less
than 2%
than 1.5%
better than -68 dD below full output
< 1 Gauss any adjacent
<0.8 Gauss any adjacent
surface
surface
Response, Sixth Octave:
Power Output
RMS Each Side (4 )
Distortion, Acoustic:
Hum and Noise
Magnetic Shielding:
Power Consumption
(Average Maximum):
AC Mains input:
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35 W
45 W
100-240VAC, 50-60 Hz
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AMPx-SDA User Guide
S p e ci f i c a t i o n s
Table 1–2
Physical Specifications for the AMPx-SDA Series
Monitors
Specifications
Dimensions (H x W x D)
Weight
Table 1–3
D to A gain calibration,
(dBu = dBFS):
AES sampling rate:
D to A converter:
Converted analog out
(S/N):
Converted analog out
(THD):
AES Termination:
Level Meter Type:
Level Calibration
Frequency Response
LED Segment Colors
Metering Range:
Display Modes:
VU Characteristics,
Rise Time:
Decay Time:
PPM Characteristics,
Decay Time:
Meter dynamics:
1.75 x 19 x 12 inches
3.5 x 19 x 12 inches
44 x 483 x 305 mm
14 lbs. (6.4 kg)
(89 x 483 x 305 mm)
18 lbs. (8.2 kg)
AMP1-SDA
AMP2-SDA
+8 = -20, +4 = -20, +6 = -9, 0 = -18 (swtich selectable)
32 to 48 kHz, auto-select
24-bit low jitter
>90 dB
< 0.008%
75removable, unbalanced
Meter Specifications for the AMPx-SDA Series Monitors
Specifications
Attack Time:
AMP2-SDA
Digital to Analog Specifications for the AMPx-SDA
Series Monitors
Specifications
Table 1–4
AMP1-SDA
AMP1-SDA
AMP2-SDA
26-segment tri-color LED
53-Segment LED bargraph
bargraph display
0, +4, +6, +8 dBv
20 Hz to 20 kHz (±0.5 dB)
Tricolor (red, amber, green)
65 dB
VU with PPM or Peak Hold (Select)
300 ms to 99% of full indication
300 ms
10 ms
2 seconds, 0 to -20 dB
VU (bar) and/or PPM (dot), select
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AMPx-SDA User Guide
Front Panel Controls
Table 1–4
Meter Specifications for the AMPx-SDA Series Monitors
Specifications
AMP1-SDA
AMP2-SDA
PPM: 20 dB decay in 1.5 sec. or 3 sec hold
VU: 3 sec. hold or 10 sec. hold
1 dB
2 dB
+16 to -50 dB
.158" x .04" (4.0132 x 1.016 mm)
Dynamics modes:
Midscale resolution:
Scale
Segment size:
Front Panel Controls
Figure 1–1
AMP1-SDA Front Panel
AES
Power
Volume
Headphones
Brightness
Phase
Level Meters
Balance
SDI
Analog/Digital
AES/SDI
SDI Group
Speakers
Figure 1–2
Power
AMP2-SDA Front Panel
Brightness
Volume
Phase
Level Meters
Headphones
Analog/Digital
Sub-Group
AES/SDI
Speakers
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Balance
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AMPx-SDA User Guide
Front Panel Controls
• Speakers: The internal speaker system is comprised of two midrange tweeter speakers (left and right) and woofer speakers. The
AMP1-SDA has two woofers wired in series and the AMP2-SDA
has one larger woofer. The two side channel speakers reproduce, in
stereo, only the mid and high frequencies. Please note that the
woofer speaker (center) is not a dedicated center nor LFE speaker.
• Power Indication LED: This LED glows green to indicate the
AMPx-SDA is connected to mains power and an operation voltage
is present.
• Audio Level Meter LED Bar Graphs: Audio levels for the selected
source (right and left) are visually displayed via these two highresolution, tricolor LED bargraph meters. Dynamic range for these
meters is 65 dB and they are able to simultaneously display signal
levels using both PPM and VU standards. Alternate display modes
are user selectable via a DIP switch accessible through the top cover
of the unit. Contact the factory for additional information
concerning meter scales and ballistics.
• Volume: This controls the loudness of the audio reproduced by the
internal speakers or connected headphone. Clock-wise rotation of
this control increases the loudness of the monitored audio.
• Headphones: Select the headphone audio sources as you would for
the internal speakers. When you plug in headphones, the internal or
external speakers will mute. This jack accepts a standard 1/4”
phone type stereo plug.
• Analog/Digital Source Select: This two position toggle switch allows
the operator to choose between two primary input sources; Analog or
Digital. When this toggle switch is set to Analog, the unit will monitor
the signals as input on the two rear panel Analog In XLR connectors.
When this toggle switch is set to Digital, the unit will monitor one of two
types of digital signal sources as chosen by the Digital Source Select
switch.
• Bar Graph Brightness: This control is recessed into the front panel
and can be accessed using a small screwdriver. Turning it clockwise
will increase the relative brightness of the bargraph display LED
segments. Adjusting this one control will simultaneously affect the
brightness of both bargraph displays on the front panel.
• Phase Indication LEDs: These three LEDs offer instant verification
of phase (polarity) conditions in the pair of channels selected for
monitoring in the left/right channel speakers. There are three LEDs; the
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AMPx-SDA User Guide
Front Panel Controls
two smaller LEDs labeled Fast (left side of the Phase section) show
instantaneous phase relationships in the signal, while the larger LED,
labeled Avg (right side of the Phase section), will indicate the average
phase condition. The small Fast LED on the left glows (or blinks) green
when signals are in-phase. The small Fast LED on the right glows (or
blinks) amber for out-of-phase signals. The larger Avg LED indicates the
average phase condition by glowing green for in-phase conditions, or red
for out-of-phase conditions. In general, it is sufficient to regard the Avg
LED (average phase condition) as adequete for proper phase monitoring.
While it is normal for stereo signals to contain some intermittant
instanateous out-of phase and in-phase conditions (small LEDs), a
steady red glow of the larger LED almost always indicates an outof-phase alarm condition.
• Balance: This pans the volume balance between the left and right
speakers. If the balance is adjusted hard left or hard right, a slight
left/right channel mix is retained (only in low bass frequencies) so
that phase discrepancies can be discerned.
• SD-SDI Subgroup Select (1 or 2): This 2-position toggle switch
allows the operator to choose whether the unit will monitor subgroup 1 or sub-group 2 of the SD-SDI data stream when the Digital
Source Select switch is set to SDI. Subgroup selections 1 and 2
are derived from Group 1 as follows:
•
Subgroup 1 = Channels 1 and 2
•
Subgroup 2 = Channels 3 and 4
• Digital Signal Error LEDs: These two bi-color (Green/Red) LEDs
indicate the input presence and status of the two types of digital
signals; AES and SDI. These LEDs function whether or not either of
the digital signals is selected for monitoring through the unit.
•
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AES Signal Error LED: This LED, labeled AES, glows green
as long as a valid AES/EBU digital datastream is being
received. It glows red to indicate errors. By setting a rear
panel DIP switch, two types of error detection are available:
1)
Reception errors: errors in reception of data or no data
stream at all, or
2)
Reception and data errors: errors in reception and data
errors identified by the sending device (possibly invalid).
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AMPx-SDA User Guide
Rear Panel Connectors
•
SDI Signal Error LED: This LED, labeled SDI glows green as
long as a valid SD-SDI digital datastream is being received. It
glows red if TSR errors are present in the signal. If there is no
SD-SDI signal present the LED will be unlit.
Rear Panel Connectors
Common Connectors
• Power: Attach a standard IEC-320 power cord between this
connector and mains power (100 - 250VAC, 50/60 Hz). The front
panel Power LED will glow green to indicate operating voltages are
present.
• AES Out (From SDI): The AES/EBU Out outputs an AES/EBU
signal as converted from the SDI input and as selected by the SDI
Group Select switch. This connector is configured for an
unbalanced, 75 W connection.
• AES Termination and Error Type DIP Switch: This 4-position DIP
switch is used to set the termination characteristics for the AES
inputs and select the AES signal error indication type.
•
AES Input Termination: In the event that the AES input
channel is fed to downstream equipment (via a "Y" or "T"
connector), then DIP switch Section S2 must be placed in the
unterminated (up) position. If there is no downstream
equipment connected, then Section S2 must be placed in the
terminated (down) position. See Figure 1–3 below termination
settings.
Figure 1–3
AES Termination Settings
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AMPx-SDA User Guide
R e a r P a n e l C o n n e ct o r s
Note
•
Position 3 is not used.
AES Error Indication Type: There are two DIP switch
selectable modes of AES error detection that will create a RED
error indication in the AES Signal Error Indication LED on the
front panel;
1)
Reception errors: errors in reception of data or no data
stream at all (S1=Down), or
2)
Reception and data errors: errors in reception and data
errors identified by the sending device (possibly invalid)
(S1= Up). See Figure 1–4 for AES error DIP switch
settings.
Figure 1–4
AES Error Indication Settings
• AES Input Connector: The AES/EBU IN input connector is meant to
receive standard AES/EBU signals. This female BNC connector is
configured for an unbalanced, 75 connection. Note that the unit will
monitor the AES/EBU In input only when the Analog/Digital
Source Select switch is set to Digital and the Digital Source
Select switch is set to AES.
• AES Input Level Gain Calibration DIP Switch: Input Level Gain
Calibration, the analog level which corresponds to a given digital
input value, is settable via this DIP switch. The factory setting is +4
dB (analog) = -20 dBFS (digital). See the silk-screened chart on the
rear panel or the diagram below for gain calibration settings.
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AMPx-SDA User Guide
Rear Panel Connectors
Figure 1–5
Note:
AES DA Conversion Gain Calibration
Settings
All SDI signals are SD-SDI (Standard Definition).
• SD-SDI In and Out: The SDI In female BNC connector is meant to
receive standard SDI signals. The SDI Out female BNC connector
outputs a reclocked (regenerated) copy of the signal entering the
SDI In input connector. Both connectors are configured for
unbalanced, 75 Ω connections. Note that the unit will monitor the
SDI input only when the Analog/Digital Source Select switch is
set to Digital and the Digital Source Select switch is set to SDI.
• Selected Analog Out (from Digital Source): These two 3-pin male
XLR connectors are analog outputs of the selected digital source as
selected for the left and right speakers and level meters. The left
connector outputs the left channel (or Channel A) and the right
outputs the right channel (or Channel B). Both connectors are
configured for low impedance connections and the output signals
are not affected by the Volume/Balance controls or headphone
mute. For XLR pinout information see Figure 1–6 below.
Figure 1–6
XLR Pin-Outs
Female
Male
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AMPx-SDA User Guide
R e a r P a n e l C o n n e ct o r s
• Analog In: These two 3-pin female XLR connectors accept standard
analog audio signals. Both connectors are configured for balanced
40k Ω connections. Note that the unit will monitor analog signals
input on these two connectors only when the Analog/Digital
Source Select switch on the front panel is set to Analog. For XLR
pinout information see the Figure 1–6 on page 13.
AMP1-SDA-Specific Connectors
Figure 1–7
AMP1-SDA Rear Panel
Power
AES/EBU
IN
SERIAL NO.
AES/EBU OUT
AES/EBU Out
GAIN
CALIB
AMP1-SDA
253830
DIGITAL
GAIN CALIB
dB dBFS
+8 -20
IN
OUT
SDI
+4
-20
+6
-9
0
SDI Out
SDI In
-18
METER
CALIB
DISPLAY
MODE
VU/VU
+8
VU/PPM
0
Analog In
CALIBRATE
PPM
+4
23
OPERATE
Calibration
+6
PPM/PPM
45
FROM
DIGITAL
SOURCE
SEL. OUT CH A(L)
Wohler
Technologies
www.Wohler.com
TERM 2
Tel +1-510-870-0810
Fax +1-510-870-0811
X
ANALOG IN CH A(L)
TERM 1
ERROR
INTERNAL POWER
SUPPLY APPROVED BY
UNDERWRITERS LABS
SEE POWER SUPPLY
LABEL ON SIDE
100-240 VAC
50/60 Hz
ANALOG IN CH B(R)
AES/EBU In
Gain/Calibration
AES Termination
1
2
3
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Selected Analog Out
from Digital Source
Rear Panel DIP Switch Settings
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3
123456
• Level/Gain Calibration and Display Mode - 6-Position DIP
Switch: This DIP switch sets the Line Level Calibration, Meter Gain
Calibration, and Bar Graph Display Mode.
Figure 1–8
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AMPx-SDA User Guide
Rear Panel Connectors
•
Line Level Calibration: The unit is calibrated at the factory.
To recalibrate:
1)
Turn on the power.
2)
Apply a reference level (nominal 0) signal to all four
channels.
3)
Make sure the Gain Calibration DIP sections (S2, S3) are set to
the nearest level (i.e., 0, +4, +6 or +8).
4)
Place section S1 of the DIP switch in the DOWN position.
5)
Wait 10 seconds. The unit will remove the previous calibration.
The unit will make sure that all four channels are within ±4 dB
of nominal zero. If all four channels are within this range
then the new calibration will be applied. If any channel is
outside this range then no new calibration will be
applied.
6)
Place section S1 of the DIP switch in the UP position and
return unit to service. If you want to calibrate again, turn
off the power to the unit and repeat steps 1 through 6.
See Figure 1–8 on page 14 for settings.
•
Meter Gain Calibration: DIP switch sections S2 and S3
determine the Gain Calibration, which adjusts the level of the
input signal and the resultant "0" level displayed on the LED
bargraphs. Factory setting is +4 dB. See Figure 1–8 on page 14
for all settings.
•
Bar Graph Display Mode: DIP switch sections S4 and S5
determine how peak levels are displayed for the four
associated meters on the front panel. S4 selects either the PPM
level or a new auto-reset Peak Hold of the VU level (not the
PPM value). When S3 is set for VU Peak, S5 sets the Hold time
to either 3 or 10 seconds. If S4 is set for PPM Peak, S5
determines whether it is displayed in the original floating
PPM dot mode (no hold, continuous decay of 20 dB in 1.5
seconds) or as a 3 second auto-reset hold. The factory default
setting is PPM Peak - No Hold (continuous decay of 20 dB in
1.5 seconds). See Figure 1–8 on page 14 for all settings. Note
that section S6 on the DIP switch is not used.
8 2 1 0 2 7 : A M P x-SD A U s e r G u i d e
© 2 0 1 2 Woh l er Te c h n o l o g i es , I n c . A ll r i g h t s r e se r ve d .
15
AMPx-SDA User Guide
Technical Functional Overview
AMP2-SDA-Specific Connectors
Figure 1–9
AMP2-SDA Rear Panel
Gain/Calibration
Wohler
Technologies
Error Type
100-240 VAC
50/60 Hz 1.0 A
SERIAL NO.
MONTH
www.Wohler.com
DIGITAL
GAIN CALIB
dB dBFS
AES/EBU
IN
AES/EBU
OUT
GAIN
CALIB.
AMP2-SDA
253338
+8 -20
+4
-20
+6
-9
0
-18
CH. A (L)
IN
OUT
FROM
DIGITAL
SOURCE
1
2
3
CH. B (R)
1
CH. A(L)
CH. B (R)
2
3
S
ERROR
TERM 1
TERM 2
X
Tel +1-510-870-0810
Fax +1-510-870-0811
YEAR
SDI
Power
AES/EBU Out
SDI Out
AES/EBU In
SDI In
SELECTED ANALOG OUT
ANALOG IN
Analog In
Selected Analog Out
from Digital Source
Technical Functional Overview
Figure 1–10 below and Figure 1–11 on page 17 illustrate the overall
functionality of the AMP1-SDA and AMP2-SDA respectively.
Figure 1–10
16
821027:
AMP1-SDA Block Diagram
A M P x-SD A U s er G u i d e
© 2 0 1 2 Wo h l e r Tec h n o l o g i e s , I n c. A l l r i g h t s r e s er ve d .
AMPx-SDA User Guide
T e c h n i c a l F u n c t i o n a l O v e r vi e w
Figure 1–11
AMP2-SDA Block Diagram
8 2 1 0 2 7 : A M P x-SD A U s e r G u i d e
© 2 0 1 2 Woh l er Te c h n o l o g i es , I n c . A ll r i g h t s r e se r ve d .
17
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