Alternate Paths to SFU

Alternate Paths to SFU

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Alternate Paths to SFU

A Comparative Academic Performance Study of

B.C. College Transfer Students and B.C. Direct

Entry Secondary School Students Admitted to

SFU from 1992 to 1999

October 2004

Prepared by:

Joanne Heslop

Office of Analytical Studies

Simon Fraser University

Prepared for and Funded by the

Alternate Paths to SFU

A Comparative Academic Performance Study of

B.C. College Transfer Students and B.C. Direct Entry Secondary School Students

Admitted to SFU from 1992 to 1999

by Joanne Heslop

Office of Analytical Studies

Simon Fraser University

8888 University Drive

Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6

Telephone: (604) 291-4525

E-Mail: [email protected]

Copyright 2004 by the

British Columbia Council on Admissions and Transfer

709 - 555 Seymour Street, Vancouver, BC V6B 3H6 Canada

Phone: (604) 412-7700 Fax: (604) 683-0576

E-Mail: [email protected]

BCCAT is the official mark of the

B.C. Council on Admissions and Transfer,

As published by the Registrar of Trade-marks of the Canadian Intellectual Property Office

This Report is also available in Adobe Acrobat Portable Document Format (pdf), from BCCAT Online, the Internet service of the

B.C. Council on Admissions and Transfer: www.bccat.bc.ca

Photocopying and further distribution of this document is permitted.

Please credit source.

Table of Contents

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY .........................................................................................................................................5

KEY FINDINGS ............................................................................................................................................................7

INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................................................................11

PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS ...................................................................................................................................11

METHODOLOGY ......................................................................................................................................................12

C

OHORT

:..................................................................................................................................................................... 12

Direct-Entry B.C. Secondary School Students:..............................................................................................12

B.C. College Transfer Students: .......................................................................................................................13

R

ELATIONAL

D

ATABASE

: ........................................................................................................................................ 14

A

NALYSIS

F

ILES

: ....................................................................................................................................................... 14

STUDENT PROFILE.................................................................................................................................................14

The Path from Secondary School Graduation to SFU Admission: ............................................................14

Average High School Grades: ..........................................................................................................................14

Age Upon SFU Admission:................................................................................................................................15

Gender Distribution:..........................................................................................................................................15

Faculty and Credential Upon Admission to SFU:.........................................................................................16

Program Upon Admission to SFU: ..................................................................................................................16

Transfer Credits Upon Admission to SFU:.....................................................................................................16

Baccalaureate Graduates:.................................................................................................................................16

Faculty Transitions of Baccalaureate Graduates: ........................................................................................16

High School Average Grade:............................................................................................................................18

SFU Admission GPA: .........................................................................................................................................19

Total Transfer Credits: ......................................................................................................................................19

Total LOP Credits: .............................................................................................................................................20

Total SFU Credits C ompleted:.........................................................................................................................20

Total Credits Completed:...................................................................................................................................20

Total Credits Completed Upon Bachelor’s Degree Completion:...............................................................20

CGPA on First 30 SFU Credits:.......................................................................................................................21

CGPA Achieved by Baccalaureate Graduates on their Last 60 SFU Credits: ........................................21

CGPA on Last 60 Credits by Bachelor’s Degree Completed: ....................................................................22

Degree Completion Rate:..................................................................................................................................23

Early Leavers: .....................................................................................................................................................23

University Failure Rate:....................................................................................................................................24

DIFFERENCES IN SFU COURSE GRADE PERFORMANCE...................................................................25

All Courses:..........................................................................................................................................................25

Courses by Level:................................................................................................................................................25

100-Level Courses by Discipline: ....................................................................................................................27

Distribution of Grades: ......................................................................................................................................27

Failed Courses: ...................................................................................................................................................28

Unsatisfactory Course Performance: ..............................................................................................................29

Individual Courses:.............................................................................................................................................29

CONCLUSION.............................................................................................................................................................30

APPENDIX....................................................................................................................................................................33

Page 3

Page 4

Executive Summary

Studies at B.C. universities show that although transfer students perform well at universities, they tend to achieve somewhat lower grades in university courses than direct entry students. The B.C. Council on Admissions and Transfer (BCCAT) wanted to develop a better understanding of this disparity in grades and asked the Office of

Analytical Studies at Simon Fraser University to conduct a comparative academic performance study of direct entry secondary school students and college transfer students admitted to SFU. The purpose of the study is to determine whether this difference between transfer students and direct entry students still exists when controlling for secondary school performance.

This report compares the academic performance of two distinct admission groups of students who graduated from a B.C. secondary school in the five- year period from 1992 to 1996 and were admitted to SFU from 1992 to 1999. Each of these groups chose an alternate path to SFU: 7,335 direct-entry secondary school students entered SFU from a

B.C. high school within one year of high school graduation (referred to as “direct entry” or “BC12” students), whereas 3,109 college transfer students entered SFU after completing approximately 30 or more college transfer credits in a B.C. college (referred to as “college transfer” or “BCCOL” students).

In this study, secondary school performance (the control), is the overall mean grade calculated for each student on four provincial exam scores (English 12 plus three other grade 12 academic courses with the highest grades). Although this is the best measure available for controlling for high school performance in this study, it is not a “real” measure because it is not used in determining admission eligibility at SFU. Direct entry students admitted to SFU are normally evaluated for admission on the basis of a 40%-

60% blend of provincial exam scores and school-assigned grades in grade 12 courses.

The blended grades are not used as the control in this study because the school-assigned grades are potentially biased by high school attended. The average high school grade for direct entry students is nearly ten percentage points higher than the average high school grade achieved by B.C. college transfer students (78.33% versus 68.49%). If the high school average grade calculated for this study (based solely on provincial exam scores) had been used for determining SFU admission eligibility, then 77% of the B.C. college transfer cohort and 34% of the direct entry cohort would not have qualified for admission to SFU

1

.

This comparative academic performance study includes a descriptive profile of the direct entry and college transfer students and an analysis of the differences in overall academic performance and differences in course grade performance. Along with the differences in academic performance between the two admission groups, conclusions are also drawn about two sub-groups of students within each admission category: (a) the lower high

school achievers or low achievers – the group of students who would not otherwise be

1

BC12 students in this study with average high school grades below 75% (based on provincial exam scores) were in fact successfully admitted to SFU because their blended grades exceeded the minimum

75% admission cutoff.

Page 5

qualified for university admission, since their high school average grade calculated purely on provincial exam scores was below 75%, and (b) the upper high school achievers or

high achievers – the group of students whose high school average was calculated at 75% or higher.

Regardless of the path chosen to enter SFU, either through college or directly from high school, students admitted with the same high school achievement level perform equally

well at SFU in terms of:

- bachelor’s degree completion rates,

- early departure rates,

- course grade performance in 400- level courses, and

- course grade performance in other selected courses.

Among the upper high school achievers (students who achieved an average high school grade of 75% or more) college transfer students also performed equally as well as

direct entry students at SFU on the following performance measures:

- CGPA on the first 30 SFU credits (2.88),

- CGPA on the last 60 SFU credits upon bachelor’s degree completion (3.20),

- university failure rate after completing a total of 30 credits (3.9%),

- average grade in all SFU courses (3.01),

- average grade in 100- level courses (2.90),

- proportion of A and C grades received in SFU courses (30% A’s, 22% C’s),

- course failure rates (1.6%), and

- the proportion of unsatisfactory grades received (7%).

There are some differences in the academic performance between direct entry students and college transfer students, but primarily for lower high school achievers. These students would not have been admitted to SFU directly from high school if the average grade in selected provincial exams had been used to determine SFU admission eligibility.

Among the lower high school achievers, college transfer students out-performed direct

entry students at SFU on the following performance measures:

- CGPA on the first 30 SFU credits (2.56 versus 2.40),

- overall average grade in SFU courses (2.71 versus 2.64),

- 100-level course grades (2.62 versus 2.47),

- proportionately more A and B grades received (63% versus 59%),

- lower course failure rate (2.1% versus 3.0%), and

- fewer unsatisfactory grades received (11% versus 13%).

This study shows that the transfer system between the colleges and Simon Fraser

University is working effectively. The academic performance of college transfer students is equal to, and sometimes better than, the performance of their academic peers from high school that entered SFU directly. The B.C. college experience is especially beneficial to those students who struggled in high school and ultimately wanted to enter SFU. The college experience can help these lower high school achievers attain higher academic success at SFU than those lower achievers who otherwise gained access to SFU directly from high school.

Page 6

Key Findings

Some of the noteworthy observations and findings from this study are summarized here.

Throughout the study, it is frequently observed that: (a) students with high school grades below 75% (the "low achievers") perform better at SFU if they transferred from college as opposed to entering directly from high school; and (b) college transfer students and direct entry students often performed equally if their high school grades were 75% or higher (the "high achievers"). This may seem counter- intuitive because in aggregate the

SFU performance scores are generally higher for direct entry students than college transfers students. However this can be explained by the fact that the overall performance scores for BC12's and BCCOL's are essentially weighted average scores.

The weighted average performance scores for BC12's are strongly influenced by the presence of proportionately more students from the "high achievers" group while the overall performance of BCCOL's is strongly influenced by the presence of proportionately more "low achievers".

1) B.C. secondary school entrants were admitted to SFU with a 78.3% average high school grade

2

. This is nearly 10 percentage points higher than the average for

B.C. college transfer students at 68.6%.

2) During the time period of this stud y, the SFU admission GPA cut-off was roughly

75%. Based on the high school average grade used in this study

1

, many B.C. college transfer students completed high school with insufficient grades to enter

SFU directly. If the high school average grade used in this study had been used for determining SFU admission eligibility, then roughly 77% of the B.C. college transfer cohort would not have qualified for general admission to SFU upon secondary school graduation, compared to 34% of the B.C. direct entry cohort

3

.

3) The path B.C. high school graduates choose to complete their SFU bachelor’s degree, either directly from high school or through a B.C. college, has no effect on the total number of credits they will complete to obtain their degree. Both groups completed 129 credits upon completion of their SFU bachelor’s degree.

4

4) The mean cumulative grade point average (CGPA) on the “first 30”

5

SFU credits is 2.72 for B.C. direct entry student s, and 2.64 for B.C. college transfer students.

However, by high school achievement level, we can conclude that: (1) students

2

The average high school grade is calculated on provincial exam grades in English 12 plus the best three other grade 12 examinable courses.

3

Admission eligibility to SFU is based on a blend of school-assigned grades and provincial exam scores.

Meeting the minimum qualifications for general admission does not guarantee admission to SFU. Higher entrance requirements, or quota minimums, are usually implemented each year to limit the number of students admitted when the demand for available SFU spaces exceeds supply.

4

Most bachelor’s degree programs at SFU require successful completion of 120 credits for graduation.

5

This is the cumulative grade point average calculated on the first 30 credits completed at SFU, but these

“first 30 credits” have been adjusted for a more direct comparison at equivalent year levels between the two cohorts.

Page 7

who perform well in secondary school (the high achievers) perform equally well in their first 30 credits at SFU, regardless of the route they choose to enter SFU;

(2) students who do not perform well in secondary school (the low achievers) perform better in their first 30 credits at SFU if they attend a B.C. college first, rather than entering SFU directly from high school.

5) Controlling for high school average grade, college transfer students who complete an SFU bachelor’s degree perform just as well or better than direct entry student s on their final 60 SFU credits.

6) Counting the years from the time of high school graduation to the time of SFU baccalaureate degree completion, the proportion of students from either cohort who graduated is approximately 72% or 73% after seven years. (This proportion is calculated only for those who completed at least 30 credits in total).

6

7) Among the group of baccalaureate graduates, 62% of those who entered SFU directly from high school completed a credential in the same faculty to which they were initially admitted; by comparison the proportion was 77% among the group of students who entered SFU from a B.C. college. The fact that college transfer students switched faculties less often is likely attributed to these students having an opportunity while attending college to decide what they would ultimately pursue once admitted to SFU.

8) The proportion of early leavers (or students who completed 15 or fewer credits before departing SFU without a degree) was higher among college transfer students (7.3%) than direct entry students (5.7%). However, when we control for high school achievement (lower versus upper), there is no significant difference between direct entry students and B.C. college transfer students in the proportion of students who will leave SFU before completing a half- year of SFU course work.

9) A total of 11% of the BC12 cohort (versus 8% of the BCCOL cohort) were deemed ineligible to re-register in a subseque nt semester because their cumulative grade point average was too low. However, among those who completed a total of

30 credits in total, the university failure rates were 8% for college transfer students and 5% for direct-entry students.

7

10) For all courses combined, the average grade achieved in SFU courses was 2.89 for direct entry students compared to 2.78 for college transfer students (among

169,000 SFU grades for BC12’s and 47,000 SFU grades for BCCOL’s). This difference of 0.11 grade points is statis tically significant. No significant difference was identified for upper achievers in high school. Among lower achievers in high school, the college transfer students out-performed the direct entry students (2.71 course grades GPA versus 2.64).

6

Thirty credits in total includes transfer credits and SFU credits completed.

7

Thirty credits in total includes transfer credits and SFU credits completed.

Page 8

11) For all courses combined and evaluated by course level, direct entry student s achieved higher SFU course grades at all course levels. The only notable exception to this was among the lower high school achievers on 100- level courses, where college transfer students out-performed direct entry students.

12) Upper achievers who entered SFU directly or via college were equally as likely to fail their SFU courses (1.6%); lower achievers were more likely to fail an SFU course if they entered directly from high school (3.0%) than if they transferred from college (2.1% course failure rate).

13) The proportion of unsatisfactory SFU grades (below C) awarded to direct entry students was 8.5%, compared to 9.9% for college transfer students. No significant difference was found among the upper high school achievers, but for the lower high school achievers, the proportion of students with unsatisfactory grades was 12.7% among direct entry students and 10.8% among college transfer students.

14) Controlling for high school average grade, direct entry students and college transfer students performed equally well on 33 out of 65 individual SFU courses

(with at least 20 students from each cohort enrolled).

Page 9

Page 10

Introduction

Studies at B.C. universities show that although transfer students perform well at universities, they tend to achieve somewhat lower grades in university courses than direct entry students. The B.C. Council on Admissions and Transfer (BCCAT) wanted to develop a better understanding of this disparity in grades and asked the

Office of Analytical Studies at Simon Fraser University to conduct a comparative academic performance study of direct entry secondary school students and college transfer students admitted to SFU. The purpose of the study is to determine whether this difference between transfer students and direct entry students still exists when controlling for secondary school performance.

Preliminary Analysis

The Office of Analytical Studies at SFU conducted a preliminary assessment of the problem in June of 2002 for the purpose of exploring the data to determine if further in-depth analysis would be worthwhile. Three basic findings were uncovered in the preliminary report (see Appendix A):

1) Using average high school grades

8

as a comparator, it was shown that college transfer students are significantly weaker academically than students who enter

SFU directly from high school.

2) When we looked at the SFU cumulative grade point averages of the two groups, while controlling for the high school grade, it was found that college transfer students performed equally as well or better than direct entry students.

3) Finally, when we looked at the performance of the two groups in specific courses, while controlling for high school grade, college transfer students did just as well as or better than direct entry students.

Based on the three preliminary findings, the B.C. Council on Admissions and Transfer agreed that further analysis and a more detailed report would be worthwhile, but an unbiased measure of high school academic performance should be used. The preliminary analysis included a blend of school grades and provincial exam grades in the high school average. In this analysis, only selected provincial exam scores are included in the high school average.

This report begins with an overview of the study’s methodology and then provides three approaches to comparing the direct entry secondary school students to the college transfer

8

In the preliminary analysis, an overall average high school percent grade was calculated for each student by taking the average of the best three final blended course grades, where: Final Blended Course Grade =

(School % Grade + Provincial Exam % Grade) / 2. The final analysis presented in this report uses an unbiased measure for the high school average grade that includes an average of selected provincial exam grades only.

Page 11

students: first a descriptive profile of the two groups is provided, then overall differences in academic performance indicators are presented, and finally the differences in course grade performance are examined.

Methodology

Cohort:

The cohort for this study consists of 10,444 students admitted to SFU between 1992 and

1999 after graduating from a B.C. secondary school in the five-year period from 1992 to

1996. These students took one of two different paths to SFU: One group entered SFU directly from high school and the other group transferred to a B.C. college before entering SFU (see Figure 1). Specifically, these two groups of students are referred to as

Direct-Entry B.C. Secondary School Students (also referred to as “direct entry” or

“BC12” students) and B.C. College Transfer Students (also referred to as “college transfer” or “BCCOL” students).

Figure 1: Alternate Paths to SFU

Exit to:

- Other post-secondary or

- No post-secondary

BC12 Graduates of 1992 to 1996

7,335 BC12 Direct Entry Students to SFU

Direct Entry Route

College Transfer Route

B.C. College,

University College or Institute

Simon Fraser

University

3,109 B.C. College

Transfer Students

Note: "Other post-secondary" includes other institutions in BC (e.g. B.C. universities) and other institutions outside of BC.

Exit to:

- Other post-secondary, or

- College program completion, or

- Non-completion

Direct-Entry B.C. Secondary School Students: The majority (70%) of the cohort consists of 7,335 direct-entry B.C. secondary school students who came to SFU without first attending a B.C. college. These students were admitted to SFU from 1992-2 to 1997-2 and entered SFU within one year of high school graduation.

9

The three largest sources of direct-entry students to SFU in this study are Centennial School (9%), Port Moody

Secondary (5%) and Burnaby North Secondary (4%). A list of all schools from which at least 1% of students previously attended is provided in Table B1 of Appendix B.

9

SFU operates on a trimester system, with each of the three semesters in a calendar year are denoted by the four-digit year, followed by a single digit indicating the Spring (1), Summer (2) or Fall (3) semester. For example, 1997-2 is the Summer 1997 semester.

Page 12

B.C. College Transfer Students: The remaining 30% of the cohort includes 3,109 B.C. college transfer students who attended a B.C. college after graduating from high school and before attending SFU. (See Table B2 in Appendix B for a distribution of the college transfer students by secondary school of graduation and college attended). These students were admitted to SFU approximately two years later than the BC12 students, from semesters 1994-2 to 1999-1. By definition, these students are admitted to Simon

Fraser University from a B.C. college or institute with a minimum of one full year of transferable work (30 transfer credits or any number of credits from BCIT). In exceptional circumstances, some B.C. College transfers students are admitted to SFU with fewer than 30 transfer credits. Also included in this group are 87 students admitted with a B.C. Associate Degree (BCASD) from a B.C. College. These BCASD students normally have successfully completed a minimum of 54 credit hours and have a minimum 2.00 admission GPA based on transferable courses. Table B3 in Appendix B provides a list of the twelve colleges (ten public and two private), five university colleges and one institute from which B.C. college transfer students in this study are represented.

For each student, the college from which the majority of credits were transferred is referred to as her or his college of transfer. The three largest sources of college transfer students in this study are Kwantlen University College (31%), Douglas College (21%) and Capilano College (18%).

A distribution of the sample cohort by high school graduation year, SFU admission category and SFU admission year is provided below.

SFU Secondary School Graduation Year

Admission

Category

BC12

Admission

Year

1992

1993

BC12 Total

BCCOL

1994

1995

1996

1997

1994

1995

BCCOL Total

1996

1997

1998

1999

1992 1993 1994 1995 1996

1,157 1

52 1,184

143 1,449

125 1,454 1

107 1,572

90

1,209 1,328 1,574 1,561 1,663

149

163

81

336

1

90 3 1

126

62

32

1

533

242

109

66

9

843

346

215

110

14

776

81

283

200

20

587

3

61

249

56

370

Grand

Total

1,158

1,236

1,592

1,580

1,679

90

7,335

231

593

798

730

657

100

3,109

Grand Total 1,742 2,171 2,350 2,148 2,033 10,444

For the purposes of this analysis, the cohort does not include all students who graduated from a B.C. secondary school and entered SFU from a B.C. college or directly from high school. The cohort excludes students who: a) did not have a B.C. Provincial Education Number (BCPEN), or b) did not match to the provincial exam files, or c) did not have a provincial exam grade in English 12, or

Page 13

d) did not have a provincial exam grade in at least one other examinable course

10

.

Relational Database:

A relational database at the student level was set up for the study and includes all information on members of the cohort from the time of their admission to SFU, up to and includ ing semester 2002-3. The database includes high school course grades, SFU course grades, transfer course grades, student demographics, performance at SFU in each semester of registration, and credential and program information.

Analysis Files:

For simplicity of analysis, two SPSS data files were created by means of extracting and summarizing relevant information from the relational database. One file provided the student characteristics and their academic performance measures, while the other file provided the courses performance data for each student. Detailed descriptions of these analysis files are included in Appendix C.

Student Profile

In this section of the report, a profile of the students in each admission group is provided.

This profile provides a comparison of the volume of students admitted, their average high school grades, age and gender distributions, faculty, credential and program distributions, distribution of credits transferred and degree completion information (see Appendix D).

Differences between the B.C. direct entry students and the B.C. college transfer students are highlighted, but any differences in academic performance between the two groups will be discussed later in the report.

The Path from Secondary School Graduation to SFU Admission: The total cohort of

10,444 students includes 7,335 students admitted from B.C. secondary schools and

3,109 admitted from a B.C. college. In each year from 1992 to 1996, approximately

2,100 graduates from a B.C. secondary school entered SFU, either directly from high school (1,500 per year) or via transfer from a B.C. College or Institute (600 per year).

The 7,335 students who came to SFU directly from high school were admitted from

1992-2 to 1997-2; the 3,109 students who went to college first, were admitted to SFU approximately two years later, from 1994-2 to 1999-1 (see Table D1 in Appendix D).

Average High School Grades: The measure of average high school grade in this study is the average of the provincial exam grades in English 12 and three other examinable

10

The high school average is based on the “gold standard” – the average of the provincial exam grades in

English 12 plus the best three other examinable courses. In cases where a student had fewer than three other examinable courses, the average was calculated on the grades in English 12 plus the best two other courses (“silver standard”) or one other course (“bronze standard”). Throughout the analyses involving high school average in this study, only those students who meet the “gold” standard are included. Note that the high school average grade used in the preliminary analysis was calculated using a different algorithm

(see preliminary report in Appendix A).

Page 14

courses with the highest grades. Using this measure, we find that college transfer students are weaker academic students than B.C. direct entry students and in many cases their high school grades were insufficient for admission to SFU directly from high school. The average calculated for B.C. direct entry students is 78.3%, nearly 10 percentage points higher than the average for B.C. college transfer students at 68.6%.

The high school grade distributions for each of the two groups are quite different (see

Figure 2 below): 86% of students from secondary school entered SFU with a high school average above 70%, whereas half as many (43%) of college transfer students entered SFU above 70% (see Table D2).

Table B1 in Appendix B provides the high school average grade by secondary school for the top 27 feeder schools to SFU. For both groups of students who attended the same secondary school, the average high school grade achieved by direct-entry students exceeded the average high school grade of college transfer students. Table

B2 in Appendix B also provides the average high school grade by secondary school and by college of transfer.

Figure 2: % Distribution of Average High School Grade by Admission Category

% Distribution of Average High School Grade by Admission Category

50%

40%

30%

20%

10%

0%

<= 50 51-60 61-70 71-80 81-90 91-100

BC12

0.0% 1.0% 13.1% 45.2% 33.9% 6.7%

BCCOL

2.0% 13.8% 41.5% 32.9% 9.3% 0.6%

Average High School Grade

Age Upon SFU Admission: Students who transferred to SFU directly from a B.C. secondary school were younger, on average, than students who attended a B.C.

College prior to entering SFU (average age 18 versus 21). The difference in average age between the two groups reflects the time lag for college transfer students who enter SFU approximately two years after high school graduation (see Table D3).

Gender Distribution: Similar to the undergraduate student population at SFU, females dominated the cohort in this study at 54%. From 1992 to 1999, 58% of the students from all admission categories admitted to SFU were female. The proportion of females from B.C. Colleges at 58% exceeded the proportion admitted directly from

Page 15

high school (53%). This difference is likely due to differences in program mix (see

Table D4).

Faculty and Credential Upon Admission to SFU: Upon admission to SFU, 41% of the total cohort was admitted to Arts, 21% to Science, 20% to Business, 14% to Applied

Sciences and 4% to Education. Compared to college transfer students, the Faculty destinations of B.C. direct entry students showed a higher proportion entering

Applied Sciences (17% versus 9%) and Science (26% versus 10%). Direct entry students were less likely to enter Arts (36% versus 53%) and Business (18% versus

23%). The top three credentials sought by students in this study were Bachelor of

Arts (40%), Bachelor of Science (28%) and Bachelor of Business Administration

(20%) (see Tables D5 and D6).

Program Upon Admission to SFU: Direct entry students and college transfer students have different program preferences, although the most popular program sought by both groups was Business Administration. The top three programs sought by direct entry students were Business Administration (17%), Biological Sciences (6%) and

Computing Science (6%). The top three programs sought by college transfer students were Business (22%), Criminology (9%) and Psychology (8%). In addition, direct entry students were more inclined to be without a declared program (34%) than college transfer students (21%) (see Table D7).

Transfer Credits Upon Admission to SFU: By definition, B.C. college transfer students are normally admitted to SFU with a minimum of one full year of transferable work

(30 transfer credits), and as suc h, the majority (90%) of college transfer students enter

SFU with 30 credits or more. Approximately 11% entered with fewer than 30 credits and 41% entered with 51 to 60 credits. B.C. direct entry students do not normally enter SFU with transfer credits: 75% entered without transfer credits (see Table

D8)

11

.

Baccalaureate Graduates: The proportion of students who graduated from high school in

1995 or 1996 and subsequently graduated from SFU with a Bachelor’s degree by the

Fall of 2002 is 62% of B.C. secondary school entrants and 75% of B.C. college transfer students (see Table D9). It is important to note that direct entry students show lower graduation rates because those college students who would not persist to

SFU graduation were filtered out in college and did not transfer to SFU. We can filter out the non-persisters from each group by selecting only those students who completed at least 30 credits in total. The results in Table D10 show that the sevenyear graduation rates of the two groups are approximately equal at 72% to 73%.

Faculty Transitions of Baccalaureate Graduates: One measure of the stability of a cohort is the degree or extent to which students complete a degree in the faculty where they began their program. Among the group of baccalaureate graduates, 62% of those who entered SFU directly from high school completed a credential in the same

11

Direct entry students with transfer credits primarily include students who entered SFU with Advanced

Placement or International Baccalaureate credits.

Page 16

faculty to which they were initially admitted; by comparison, the proportion was 77% among the group of students who entered SFU from a B.C. college. The greater stability exemplified by the B.C. college transfer students is likely attributed to the fact that these students had an opportunity while attending college to decide what they would ultimately pursue once admitted to SFU.

The distribut ion of bachelor’s degree completers by faculty at graduation shows a greater preference for Arts (63%) among B.C. college transfer students than students who entered directly from high school (41% Arts and 22% Applied Sciences). (See

Table D11).

Differences in Academic Performance

A comparative summary of academic performance indicators is provided in Appendix E, including the average high school grade, admission GPA, credits transferred and completed, cumulative grade point average, degree completion rate, early leaver rate and university failure rate. Appendix F and H provide additional detail in support of the summary in Appendix E. In this comparison of performance indicators, the mean and standard deviation for each indicator for the BC12 group versus the B.C. college transfer group (BCCOL) is provided, along with the difference between each indicator (BC12 minus BCCOL). Each of these differences was tested for statistical significance using independent sample t-tests. Significant differences (p < .05) are highlighted in the table.

This section of the report identifies significant differences (or similarities) in academic performance between the two groups. With the use of statistical procedures and other background information, an interpretation of the comparative scores on each academic performance indicator is provided. In some cases, regression analysis or analysis of covariance was used to calculate adjusted differences in the means between the two groups, by controlling for the high school average. In other cases, where an obvious or informed explanation can be provided, statistical methods are not used

12

.

Throughout this section of the report it is frequently noted that: (a) students with high school grades below 75% (the "low achie vers") perform better at SFU if they transferred from college as opposed to entering directly from high school; and (b) college transfer students and direct entry students often performed equally if their high school grades were 75% or higher (the "high achievers"). This may seem counter- intuitive because in aggregate the SFU performance scores are generally higher for direct entry students than college transfers students. However this can be explained by the fact that the overall performance scores for BC12's and BCCOL's are essentially weighted average scores.

The weighted average performance scores for BC12's are strongly influenced by the presence of proportionately more students from the "high achievers" group while the overall performance of BCCOL's is strongly influenced by the presence of proportionately more "low achievers".

12

All statistical tests were carried out at a 5% significance level. The conclusions are unchanged even after subjecting all comparisons to a stricter significance testing criterion using the Bonferroni correction.

Page 17

High School Average Grade: This is the mean grade calculated on each student’s English

12 provincial exam grade plus three other grade 12 academic courses with the highest provincial exam grades. This indicator was derived solely as an unbiased measure of high school performance in this study and it is used as the control variable when testing for differences in mean academic performance between the direct entry students and the college transfer students. The average high school grade of 78.33% for BC12’s is nearly ten percentage points higher than the average high school grade achieved by B.C. college transfer students (68.49%).

In the time period of this study, the minimum qualification for admission to SFU was approximately 75%

13

. If the high school average grade calculated for this study

had been used for determining SFU admission eligibility, then 77% of the B.C. college transfer cohort would not have qualified for SFU admission upon secondary school graduation, compared to 34% of the B.C. direct entry cohort.

These differences show that many B.C. college transfer students completed high

school with insufficient grades to enter SFU.

It should be noted that, although the average high school grade is the best measure available for controlling for high school performance in this study, it is not a “real” measure, in the sense that it is not used in determining admission eligibility at SFU.

For students entering SFU directly from high school, the admission GPA is based on a 40%-60% blend of the provincial exam scores and school-assigned grades in grade

12 courses and is referred to as the secondary school percentage grade. For this reason, most of the BC12 students in this study whose average high school grades fell below 75% were in fact successfully admitted to SFU with blended secondary school grades above 75% (or they satisfied other special admission requirements). For B.C. direct entry students who sought admission to SFU during the time period of this study, the minimum Arts admission average by year is provided in Figure 3 on the following page.

Throughout this section of the study we will compare the various academic performance measures for the two groups, including total credits completed, cumulative grade point average, degree completion rate, etc. using the high school average grade as a control variable. A series of charts is provided in Appendix H showing the comparative academic performance of direct entry students and college transfer students at each level of high school average grade. In some of the analyses in this study, the high school average grade is used as a covariate in an Analysis of

Covariance (ANCOVA) or regression analysis. In other cases (for simplicity of interpretation or in situations where non-parallel regression lines would lead to unreliable ANCOVA results), the students above and below the 75% cut-off point are segregated into two groups, the “upper high school achievers” group and the “lower high school achievers” group. Once separated into these two groups, the upper high

13

Meeting the minimum admission qualifications does not guarantee univ ersity admission. Higher entrance requirements, or quota minimums, are usually implemented each year to limit the number of students admitted when the demand for available SFU spaces exceeds supply.

Page 18

school achievers and lower high school achievers were used as categorical variables in an analysis of variance (ANOVA).

Figure 3: SFU Minimum BC12 Arts Admission Average by Year

Simon Fraser University

Minimum BC12 Arts Admission Average by Year

(Fall 1992 to Fall 1999)

82%

80%

78%

76%

74%

75%

77%

75% 75% 75%

78%

80%

72%

70%

Fall 1992 Fall 1993 Fall 1994 Fall 1995 Fall 1996 Fall 1997 Fall 1998 Fall 1999

Note: Fall 1992 data not available. Fall 1993 minimum Arts admission average was 3.00 on a 4-point scale. This has been converted to an equivalent % grade of 75%.

SFU Admission GPA: This is the admission grade point average calculated for all students on their previous academic work and is used to determine admission eligibility to SFU. For BC12 students, the admission GPA is calculated on their high school performance. For B.C. college transfer students, the admission GPA is calculated on their transferable college work. (Grades in college for which the college course(s) do not transfer to SFU are excluded from the admission GPA).

B.C. college transfer students are admitted with a B-average (3.02) on their college work, while BC12’s are admitted with a B+ average (3.36) on their grade 12 work.

The difference between the admission GPA’s is not meaningful since they are not measuring the same sets of academic work.

Total Transfer Credits: These are credits completed at another post-secondary institution

(primarily B.C. college) prior to SFU admission. College transfer students completed an average of 47 credits before admission to SFU, while B.C. direct entry students completed approximately one college course (or an average of 3.66 credits) prior to their admission to SFU.

Page 19

The difference in the number of credits transferred is not unexpected, given that a college transfer student, by definition, normally enters SFU with at least one year (30credits) of transferable college work, while a student admitted directly from secondary school does not normally earn transfer credit prior to admission (although

25% of the direct entry cohort did earn some transfer credit – primarily Advanced

Placement and International Baccalaureate credits).

Total LOP Credits: These are credits completed at another post-secondary institution

after admission to SFU. Students require a “Letter of Permission” (LOP) from SFU in order to take courses from other institutions for transfer credit towards their SFU degree. B.C. direct entry students completed approximately one more LOP credit than B.C. college students (2.91 versus 2.00). Although statistically significant, this difference is of little interest to this study and it is not sufficiently large to pursue further.

Total SFU Credits Completed: These are the total credits completed at SFU by all students in each of the BCCOL and BC12 cohorts, including both degree-completers and non-completers. Since BC12 students completed fewer transfer credits, it is expected that they would complete more SFU credits than college transfer students.

B.C. direct entry students completed a total of 100 SFU credits on average versus 70

SFU credits for college transfer students.

Total Credits Completed: This is the combined total of transfer credits completed and

SFU credits completed, and as such, it is a more meaningful indicator for comparison than SFU credits completed.

In total, B.C. college transfer students completed 14 more credits than B.C. direct entry students (117 versus 103 credits). This is primarily because there are proportionately more non-completers in the B.C. secondary school admission group than the college transfer group. For both cohorts, students in the lower achievers group (those with a high school average below 75%) completed fewer credits in total than students who were academically more qualified for university (the upper achievers group).

Since this statistic includes both degree-completers and non-degree completers, it must be interpreted with caution – a proportion of students in each cohort will continue to complete additional credits beyond the end of the time range for this study. A more meaningful comparison follows below where we look at the total credits completed by bachelor’s degree completers only.

Total Credits Completed Upon Bachelor’s Degree Completion: This is the combined total of transfer credits completed and SFU credits completed, but only for those students who completed an SFU Bachelor’s Degree at SFU. This is a useful comparative indicator for two reasons: (1) all credits completed since high school graduation are included, and (2) the students within each cohort have completed an

SFU degree, although each group took a different route to its degree. The total

Page 20

number of credits completed is identical for each group at 129 credits

14

. This indicates that the choice B.C. high school graduates make in choosing their route to

an SFU bachelor’s degree, either directly from high school or through a B.C. college, has no effect on the total number of credits they will complete to obtain

their degree.

CGPA on First 30 SFU Credits: This is the cumulative grade point average calculated on the first 30 credits completed at SFU. This performance measure has been adjusted such that the CGPA on the first 30 SFU credits for college transfer students is compared to the CGPA of an equivalent year- level block of 30 credits for direct entry students. A weighted average over all student year levels is calculated to provide a single indicator of CGPA on the “first 30” SFU credits for each admission group.

The mean CGPA on the “first 30” SFU credits is 2.72 for B.C. direct entry students, and 2.64 for B.C. college transfer students, representing a difference of 0.08. Among the upper achievers in secondary school, there was no statistically significant difference between BC12’s and college transfer students in their CGPA on the first 30

SFU credits. However, the difference in mean CGPA’s reverses for those students in the lower high school achievers group, where B.C. college transfer students achieved higher CGPA’s (2.56) on their first 30 SFU credits than direct entry students (2.40).

From these observations of the CGPA on the “first 30”SFU credits, we can conclude that : (1) students who perform well in secondary school perform equally well in their first 30 credits at SFU, regardless of the route they choose to get to

SFU (via B.C. college or directly from high school); (2) students who do not perform well in secondary school perform better in their first 30 credits at SFU if they attend a B.C. college first, rather than entering SFU directly from high school.

CGPA Achieved by Baccalaureate Graduates on their Last 60 SFU Credits: This is the cumulative grade point average calculated on the final two years or last 60 credits at

SFU (CGPA

L60

), but only among those who have graduated with a bachelor’s degree from SFU. Overall, B.C. direct entry students achieved a CGPA

L60 of 3.12, whereas

B.C. college transfer students attained only 2.93. However, among the academically stronger high school graduates or the upper achievers, there is no statistically significant difference in the CGPA of SFU baccalaureate graduates on their final 60

SFU credits, whether they entered directly from secondary school or transferred from a B.C. college; among the weaker academic high school students or the lower achievers, the difference between CGPA

L60

of 2.88 for BC12’s and 2.86 for B.C. college transfer students is only 0.02. Thus we can conclude that students with the

same high school achievement level (upper or lower) can expect to perform approximately equally in their final 60 credits upon SFU degree completion,

whether they were admitted directly from high school or transferred from college.

14

Most bachelor’s degree programs at SFU require success ful completion of 120 credits for graduation, however honors programs require 130 credits; Engineering Science graduates require 140 credits for the general degree and 152 for an honors degree.

Page 21

So far, we have simply compared the means of two groups, the upper and lower high school achievers, for students admitted to SFU from secondary school versus students admitted from a B.C. college. We will now conduct a more refined analysis, using regression and individual high school grades, to compare the mean CGPA

L60

between

B.C. direct entry students and college transfer students.

The regression plots for the B.C. college transfer group and the B.C. direct entry group are shown in Appendix F. The regression lines cross at a high school average grade of 81%. Using a 95% confidence interval, the regression results indicate that students from both admission groups with average high school grades ranging from

73% to 92% will perform equally as well in their final 60 credits upon SFU graduation. Above the 92% high school average grade level, direct-entry students will out-perform college transfer students; below the 73% high school grade leve l, college transfer students will out-perform secondary school entrants in their final two years at SFU. Given that virtually all college transfer students in this study had high school average grades of 92% or less, college transfer students can expect to

perform just as well or better than direct entry students on the final sixty credits upon SFU degree completion.

A chart of the bachelor’s degree completion CGPA on the final 60 SFU credits by high school average grade is provided in Appendix H (page H1). A visual inspection of this chart confirms the above regression findings.

CGPA on Last 60 Credits by Bachelor’s Degree Completed: One final method of examining the CGPA on the final 60 hours at SFU is to compare the difference in cumulative performance between direct entry students and college transfer students for each bachelor’s degree completed. Overall, there is a significant difference in

CGPA

L60

between the two groups for baccalaureate graduates with a degree in Arts,

Business or Science, but when we control for high school achievement level (upper versus lower), the difference for Arts and Science graduates becomes insignificant.

By bachelor’s degree completed, the only significant difference in CGPA on the final 60 hours is found for Bachelor of Business Administration graduates where both the upper and lower achievers from BC12 outperform the college transfer

students (3.18 versus 3.03 and 2.99 versus 2.88 respectively).

Appendix H (pages H2 to H5) provides charts of the CGPA

L60 for each of the following bachelor’s degrees completed: Bachelor of Arts (BA), Bachelor of

Business Administration (BBA), Bachelor of General Studies (BGS), Bachelor of

Science (BSc) and Bachelor of Science in Kinesiology - BSc (Kin). A visual inspection of these charts confirms that there is no apparent difference in the

CGPA

L60

for baccalaureate graduates by degree program completed and average high school grade, with the exception of Business Administration graduates. It should also be noted for BGS graduates that the apparent difference in performance between

BC12’s and college transfer students is not significant due to the small number of students represented.

Page 22

Degree Completion Rate: This is the proportion of students in each cohort that completed a Bachelor’s degree at SFU. Since the direct entry students and college transfer students each entered SFU at different times, it is important to measure the degree completion rates from the same starting point. One way to do so is to look at the proportion of each high school graduating class that completed an SFU bachelor’s degree within five and six years of high school graduation. Among the students who entered SFU directly after gradua ting from high school in 1995 or 1996

15

, 30% graduated with a bachelor’s degree from SFU within five- years and 52% graduated within six years; by comparison the rates for college transfer students were 32% after five years and 61% after six years (see Table D9). The difference in graduation rates must be interpreted carefully, since the college transfer students who entered SFU are the “survivors” from high school who completed 30 or more post-secondary credits in college before entering SFU, whereas the direct entry students include a mix of survivors and non-survivors, many of whom will not complete 30 credits, let alone

120 credits to graduate.

A better comparison between direct entry students and college transfer students is to compare the graduation rates by high school graduating class, but only for the

“survivors”, or those students in each group who completed at least 30 credits in total.

Results of such a comparison show insignificant differences in the five- and six- year graduation rates: 41% and 50% for direct entry students versus 42% and 51% for college transfer students (see Table D10). After seven years the graduation rates for

direct entry students and college transfer students are approximately equal at 72% or 73%.

Appendix H (pages H6 and H7) provides a visual display of the seven- year degree completion rates by high school average grade for college transfer students and direct entry students.

Early Leavers: In this study, an early leaver is defined as a student who was admitted to

SFU and subsequently completed 15 or fewer SFU credits without completing an

SFU degree. The proportion of early leavers was higher among college transfer students at 7.3% of the cohort, compared to 5.7% of the direct entry cohort. The difference of 1.6% is statistically significant, but when we control for the high

school achievement (lower versus upper), there is no significant difference between direct entrants and B.C. college transfer students in the proportion who will leave

SFU before completing a half-year of SFU course work (15 credits).

These results may seem surprising, given that college transfer students do not experience as large a transfer shock as direct entry students. However, consider the fact that proportionately more direct entry students enter the Faculty of Science, where SFU courses are typically graded lower, and proportionately more college

15

Only high school graduating classes of 1995 and 1996 were selected for the degree completion rate calculation because college transfer students from earlier high school graduating classes did not have an equal number of semesters at SFU as the secondary school students. This was an oversight in the specification of the range of SFU admission semesters selected for college transfer students in this study.

Page 23

transfer students typically enter the Faculty of Arts, where courses are typically graded higher at SFU. SFU results from the 2000 British Columbia Universities

Early Leavers Survey

16

revealed that students were more likely to become early leavers if they entered the Faculty of Science than those who entered Arts.

Appendix H (page H10) provides a visual display by high school average grade of the early leaver rates for direct entry students versus college transfer students. The chart shows that the greater the high school average, the lower the early leaver rate.

The chart also shows that direct entry students admitted below the 70% mark have a higher early leaver rate than college transfer students with the same high school grade range. Note that the early leaver rates between the two admission groups are not directly comparable because many of the college transfer students admitted to college below 70% might have departed early from the college and never transferred to SFU.

University Failure Rate: This is the proportion of students in each cohort who were deemed ineligible to re-register in a subsequent semester, based on their unsatisfactory academic standing in their last registered semester at SFU.

17

A total of

11% of the BC12 cohort and 8% of the college transfer cohort were ineligible to reregister. The difference in the university failure rate is significant. However, upon

examination of the university failure rates among the upper high school achievers, no significant difference in rates were found, but among lower high school achievers a much larger proportion of BC12’s were found ineligible to re-register

(19% of BC12’s became ineligible to re-register compared to 8% of BCCOL’s).

A more equitable comparison of university failure rates between the two admission groups can be performed by looking only at those students who completed a total of

30 credits (SFU credits plus transfer credits). In this case, the college transfer students show a higher failure rate (8%) than the direct-entry students (5%). While this difference is significant, it is not significant when controlling for upper and lower high school achievers (see Appendix E).

Appendix H (pages H8 and H9) provides a visual display comparing the university failure rates for college transfer students and direct entry students.. The charts show for both groups that the lower the high school average grade, the greater the odds of a student becoming ineligible to re-register in a subsequent semester. In addition, when we examine the university failure rate among those who completed at least 30 credits in total, within each of the 10% bands of high school average grades, it is clear that the college transfer students have a slightly higher university failure rate at all levels of high school average grade (page H9).

16

Conway, Chris (2000). 2000 British Columbia Early Leavers Survey.

17

For the students in this study, the academic standing values that indicated registration ineligibility were:

RTF=Required to Withdraw, INF=2 or more consecutive semesters of registration with only N or F grades,

ING=CGPA below 1.00 for 2 consecutive semesters of registration, PW=extended withdrawal). No assessment of academic standing is made until the student has completed a minimum of nine SFU credit hours of assigned grades.

Page 24

Differences in SFU Course Grade Performance

The final area of comparative performance is in the specific grades received by B.C. direct entry students compared to B.C. college transfer students. A file of SFU course grades was assembled for all students in each of the BC12 and BCCOL cohorts (see

Appendix C) and a comparative summary of mean course grades is provided in Table G1

of Appendix G.

All Courses: Over all courses combined (approximately 169,000 SFU grades for BC12’s and 47,000 SFU grades for college transfer students), the average grade achieved in

SFU courses was 2.89 for direct entry students compared to 2.78 for B.C. college students. The difference of 0.11 grade points is statistically significant. By controlling for high school achievement (upper achievers with a high school average at 75% and above versus lower achievers with a high school average below 75%),

there is no significant difference in SFU course grades earned by the upper

achievers in high school. However, for the lower achievers, the college transfer

students out-performed the direct entry students overall on SFU courses with an average course grade of 2.71 for college transfer students and 2.64 for direct entry students.

Appendix I (page I1) provides a visual display of the mean course grades in all SFU courses by high school average grade. The chart confirms the above results: below the high school average range of approximately 70% to 75%, the college transfer students achieve higher SFU course grades than direct entry students.

Courses by Level: Since the mix of courses completed by direct entry students includes more lower- level courses compared to college transfer students who complete more upper- level courses, a more equitable comparison of course grades is at the course level (100, 200, 300 and 400).

At all course levels, the overall average grade achieved in courses by direct-entry students was higher than it was for B.C. college transfer students. The largest difference in course grades was at the 200- and 300- levels, where BC12’s achieved grades that were 0.22 and 0.20 points higher than transfer students.

By controlling for high school achievement (lower achievers versus upper achievers), it was found that direct entry students still achieve slightly higher SFU course grades at the 200- and 300-levels, but these statistically significant differences, ranging from

0.05 to 0.08, were quite small. In 100-level courses it was found that lower achievers

who entered SFU directly did not perform as well as lower achievers who came to

SFU via a B.C. college; upper achievers performed equally well in 100-level SFU courses, regardless of their admission category.

Page 25

Figure 4 shows the average SFU course grades by course level and by high school achievement group (upper versus lower) and by admission category (BC12 versus college transfer).

Figure 4: Average SFU Course Grades by Course Level

Average SFU Course Grades by Course Level

All BC12

All BCCOL

BC12 Low HS Achievers

BCCOL Low HS Achievers

BC12 Upper HS Achievers

BCCOL Upper HS Achievers

2.90

2.80

2.70

2.60

2.50

2.40

3.40

3.30

3.20

3.10

3.00

100-Level

2.76

2.67

2.47

2.62

2.90

2.88

200-Level

2.86

2.64

2.61

2.56

2.97

2.89

300-Level

3.01

2.80

2.79

2.74

3.10

3.01

Course Level

The general trend evident in this chart is the upward movement of the SFU course

GPA with each increase in the course level. These trend lines are approximately parallel for each high school achievement group and each admission category, with the upper high school achievers lying above the lower high school achievers and the direct entry students lying above the college transfer students. The only obvious break in the parallel lines is at the 100-level, where the lower high school achievers who entered SFU via the college transfer route out-performed the lower high school achievers who entered SFU directly from secondary school.

400-Level

3.21

3.07

3.05

3.01

3.27

3.26

Appendix I (pages I2 to I6) provides charts comparing the mean SFU course grades achieved by direct entry students and college transfer students by course level. These charts confirm the findings by course level: the college transfer students perform

better in 100-level courses than direct entry students, but only for lower level achievers. In 200-, 300- and 400-level courses, the differences between the two admission groups are very small or insignificant.

Page 26

100-Level Courses by Discipline: Further to the findings above, a closer look at the differences in 100-level SFU course grades was conducted to determine if the differences in course grades were concentrated in any particular disciplines. Forty different course disciplines were represented in the 100- level course data. Any

significant differences in grades by discipline showed that college transfer students performed better than direct entry students if they came from the group of lower achievers in high school; direct entry students performed better than college transfer students if they were from the group of upper achievers in high school.

Significant differences in 100- level course grades were found among the lower

achievers in fifteen of the course disciplines. The course grade achieved by college transfer students exceeded that of the direct entry students in the following fourteen course disciplines: Biological Sciences, Communications, Computing Science,

Criminology, English, Environmental Planning, Fine and Performing Arts, History,

Latin American Studies, Linguistics, Mathematical Computing, Philosophy, Resource and Environmental Management and Sociology/Anthropology. Only in Chinese courses did direct entry students achieve higher course grades than college transfer students (among the lower high school achievers).

Significant differences in mean 100- level course grades were also found among the

upper high school achievers, but only in six course disciplines (Chemistry,

Economics, Environmental Planning, Mathematics, Physics and Psychology). In each of these disciplines, the direct entry students achie ved higher grades than college transfer students, except in the case of Environmental Planning where college transfer students achieved higher 100- level course grades.

Distribution of Grades: The difference in average course grades between the two admission groups can be more clearly understood when we examine the distribution of grades received, that is the proportion of A’s, B’s and C’s (see Figure 5 on the following page ).

When we control for high school achievement level, the distribution of grades between the two admission groups is very similar, although the lower achiever direct entry students receive more C’s and failing grades than the lower achiever college transfer students; the upper achiever students receive roughly the same distribution of grades, regardless of the admission cohort (BC12 versus BCCOL).

Distribution charts by letter grade are provided in Appendix I (pages I7 to I10). In general, these charts show that regardless of the admission category, the higher the secondary school average grade, the greater the proportion of A grades received and the smaller the proportion of C grades and failing grades received.

Page 27

Figure 5: Grade Distributions by High School Achievement Level

BCCOL

BC12

BCCOL

BC12

0.0% 20.0% 40.0%

% A's (A+, A, A-)

% B's (B+, B, B-)

% C's (C+, C, C-)

% D, F, N

BC12

13.8%

45.3%

34.8%

6.0%

Lower Achievers

BCCOL

15.0%

48.3%

31.9%

4.7%

60.0% 80.0%

BC12

29.6%

45.6%

21.6%

3.1%

Upper Achievers

BCCOL

29.0%

46.9%

20.8%

3.2%

100.0%

Failed Courses: Another measure of academic performance in SFU courses is the proportion of students who failed an SFU course. Out of approximately 169,000 course grades from direct entrants and 47,000 SFU course grades from college transfer students, each group showed a 2.0% course failure rate. A course failure in this study is indicated by courses for which a grade of N or F was awarded. (N indicates the student did not write final exam or otherwise complete the course and F indicates unsatisfactory performance or failure).

When controlling for high school achievement level, no significant differences

between direct entrants and college transfer students were found in the proportion of upper high school achievers who failed courses, but lower high school achievers were roughly 1% more likely to fail an SFU course if they entered SFU directly from high school (3.0% course failure rate versus 2.1% for college transfer

students).

The difference in the overall course failure rate (2.7% for BC12’s versus 2.9% for

BCCOL’s) is largely influenced by the course failure rate in 100-level courses.

Among lower achievers, the course failure rate on 100- level courses is 4.3% for

BC12’s versus 3.0% for college transfer students. Among upper achievers, the 100level course failure rate is roughly equal between college transfer students and direct entry students at 2%. Appendix I (pages I11 to I13) provides visual displays of the course failure rates in all courses, 100- level courses and courses above the 100-level combined.

Page 28

Unsatisfactory Course Performance: Another measure of academic performance in SFU courses is the proportion of students who achieved grades below C. The proportion of unsatisfactory grades (or grades of C-, D, F or N) awarded to direct entry students was 8.5%, compared to 9.9% for college transfer students. Among upper high

school achievers there is no significant difference in the proportion of unsatisfactory grades received, but for lower high school achievers, the proportion was significantly different at 12.7% for direct entry students and 10.8% for college transfer students.

Similar to the course failure rates, the difference in the proportion of unsatisfactory grades for both admission groups is largely influenced by the unsatisfactory grade rate in 100- level courses (11.0% at the 100-level versus 7.6% for courses above the

100-level). For lower achievers, the proportion of unsatisfactory grades awarded in

100-level courses is significantly different at 16.5% for BC12’s and 13.2% for college transfer students. For the upper achievers, the proportion of unsatisfactory grades awarded in 100-level courses is roughly equal between college transfer students and direct entry students at 8.2%. Upper achievers from high school receive fewer unsatisfactory grades in courses above the 100- level than college transfer students

(5.8% versus 6.5%). Appendix I (pages I14 to I16) provides charts of the course failure rates in all courses, 100- level courses and courses above the 100- level combined. These charts provide visual confirmation of the above findings.

Individual Courses: The final analysis on course grades was conducted on individual courses where more than 20 students from each of the cohorts had completed the course. Out of 65 courses selected for this analysis, statistically significant differences in mean course grades were identified in 27 (or 42%) of the courses. In

25 of these courses, the grade for BC12’s exceeded the grade for B.C. college transfer students. Only EDUC 326 and PSYC 357 showed a higher average grade for college transfer students than direct entry students.

These differences in course grades were further analysed by controlling for the high school achievement (upper achievers versus lower achievers). The results confirm that, when controlling for high school achievement, very few significant differences in SFU course grade performance were found. In the few cases where differences were found, it was primarily direct entry students who maintained the higher course grade. A summary of the differences in mean SFU course grades is provided in Table

G2 of Appendix G.

Among the upper achievers, direct-entry students had significantly higher SFU course grades than college transfer students in four SFU courses (BICH 221, BUS

237, BUS 254, BUS 374) and lower grades in one SFU course (EDUC 326).

Among the lower achievers, direct-entry student s had significantly higher SFU courses grades than college transfer students in five SFU courses (BUS 207, ECON

210, PSYC 201, PSYC 221 and PSYC 369) and lower grades in three SFU courses:

ECON 301, EDUC 326 and LING 110.

Page 29

The differences in course grades between the two admission groups were further tested for differences in means by controlling for the high school average grades at each percentage point on the scale by using an analysis of covariance. Due to interaction effects between the high school average grade and the basis of admission category and violations of the equality of variance assumption, the analysis of covariance results were considered invalid for approximately half of the 65 courses tested. Among the remaining courses where analysis of covariance results were valid, no statistically significant differences in SFU course grades were found when controlling for high school average grades at each percentage point. Therefore, by

controlling for high school grades, we can conclude that direct entry students and

college transfer students perform equally well on the 33 individual SFU courses

tested. For each of the 65 courses, Table G3 of Appendix G compares the mean course grades between direct entry students and college transfer students in 10% ranges of high school average grade levels. Appendix I (pages I17 to I24) provides charts of the mean course grade in several randomly selected SFU courses.

Conclusion

This report has compared the academic performance of two distinct admission groups of students who graduated from a B.C. secondary school in the five- year period from 1992 to 1996 and were admitted to SFU from 1992 to 1999. Each of these groups chose an alternate path to SFU: 7,335 direct-entry secondary school students entered SFU from a

B.C. high school within one year of high school graduation, while 3,109 college transfer students entered SFU after completing approximately thirty or more college transfer credits in a B.C. college.

Regardless of the path chosen to enter SFU, either through college or directly from high school, students admitted with the same high school achievement level perform equally

well at SFU in terms of the following performance indicators:

- bachelor’s degree completion rates,

- early departure rates,

- university failure rates,

- course grade performance in 400-level courses, and

- course grade performance in other selected courses.

This study has also shown on many performance indicators that there is no difference in the academic performance between direct entry students and college transfer students if they each achieved an average high school grade of at least 75% (these are the upper high

school achievers). If the average high school grade, based purely on provincial exam scores, had been used as the sole determining factor for SFU admission eligibility, then

66% of direct entry students and 23% of college transfer students in this study would have been eligible for admission to SFU directly from high school. In addition to the findings above for all students, the college transfer students and direct entry students

Page 30

from this upper achievers group performed equally as well at SFU in terms of the

following performance measures:

- CGPA on the first 30 SFU credits (2.88),

- CGPA on the last 60 credits upon SFU graduation (3.20),

- university failure rate after completing at total of 30 credits (3.9%)

- average grade in SFU courses (3.01),

- average grade in 100- level courses (2.90),

- proportion of A and C grades received in SFU courses (30% A’s, 22% C’s),

- course failure rates (1.6%), and

- the proportion of unsatisfactory grades received (7%).

This study did find differences in the academic performance between direct entry students and college transfer students, but this was primarily if they each achieved an average high school grade below 75% (these are the lower high school achievers). These students (34% of the direct entry cohort and 77% of the college transfer cohort) would not have been admitted to SFU directly from high school if the average grade in selected provincial exams had been used to determine SFU admission eligibility. The college

transfer students among these lower high school achievers out-performed the direct

entry students on the following performance measures:

- CGPA on the first 30 SFU credits (2.56 versus 2.40),

- overall average grade in SFU courses (2.71 versus 2.64),

- 100-level course grades (2.62 versus 2.47),

- proportionately more A and B grades received (63% versus 59%),

- lower course failure rate (2.1% versus 3.0%), and

- fewer unsatisfactory grades received (11% versus 13%).

The results of this study support the notion that the transfer system between the colleges and Simon Fraser University is working effectively. The college system provides access to students who would not normally be admitted to SFU directly from high school and to university-qualified students who chose to attend a local college before transferring to

SFU. The college transfer students have shown that their SFU academic performance is equal to, and sometimes better than, the performance of their academic peers from high school who entered SFU directly. The B.C. college experience is especially beneficial to those students who struggled in high school and ultimately wanted to enter SFU. The college experience can help these lower high school achievers attain higher academic success at SFU than those lower achievers who otherwise gained access to SFU directly from high school.

Page 31

APPENDIX

A. Preliminary Study

B. Distribution of Students by Cohort and Secondary School Attended

Distribution of B.C. College Transfer Students by College

C. File Layouts

D. Tables: Profile of Students

E. Comparative Summary of Indicators

F. Regression Results

G. Comparative Summary of Course Grade Means

I.

Comparative Summary of Selected Course Grades by High School Achievement Level

Comparative Summary of Selected Course Grades by 10% High School Average Grade Ranges

H. Academic Performance Charts by High School Average

Course Grade Charts by High School Average

Appendix A

Introduction:

Studies at BC universities show that transfer students achieve lower grades in university courses than direct entry students. The Office of Analytical Studies at

Simon Fraser University has agreed to provide the BC Council on Admissions and

Transfer (BCCAT), a comparative performance study of direct entry secondary school students and college transfer students admitted to SFU, while controlling for secondary school performance. The purpose of the study is to determine why this difference between transfer students and direct entry students exists.

The popular hypothesis is that college transfer students are weaker academic students because they did not complete grade 12; or their grade 12 grades were insufficient for university entrance; or their grades were sufficient for university entrance, but they chose to attend college where the grade distribution among college students is lower than direct entry students.

The alternate hypothesis is that transfer students are not weaker academic students.

They are simply not prepared in colleges for the style of university instruction, the culture of the university environment and the rigorous requirement of university courses.

If the study finds evidence to support the popular hypothesis that lower academic performance of college transfer students at university is attributed to their lower performance in high school, then BCCAT and the colleges can maintain and promote their confidence in the BC college transfer system. The college system provides access to students who would not normally be admitted to university directly from high school.

Alternatively, if the study finds evidence that lower academic performance by college transfer students in university courses is not attributed to lower high school performance, thus rejecting the popular hypothesis, then it may be that college transfer students do not receive sufficient preparation in college for the university environment or there may be other underlying reasons requiring further research. The research findings and recommendations from this study will be communicated to the post-secondary education system so appropriate changes can be implemented, if necessary.

The Office of Analytical Studies at SFU conducted the following preliminary assessment of the problem to determine if further in-depth analysis would be worthwhile. This preliminary analysis involved establishing a cohort, setting up a relational database, obtaining high school grades in examinable grade 12 courses from the B.C. Ministry of Education, and making some preliminary academic performance comparisons between college transfer students and direct entry secondary school students. This paper summarizes the results of the preliminary analysis.

Preliminary Analysis, June 2002 A1

Appendix A

The cohort for this study consists of 10,684 students admitted to SFU who graduated from a B.C. secondary school in the five-year period from 1992 to 1996. Students without a BC Provincial Education Number (BCPEN) and those who did not match to the provincial exam files are excluded from the cohort. The final cohort includes:

7,373 secondary school students admitted directly from a B.C. secondary school between the summers of 1992 and 1997 (1992-2 to 1997-2). These secondary school students represent 69% of the cohort.

The remaining 31% of the cohort is comprised of 3,311 B.C. college transfer

students admitted to SFU between the summer of 1994-2 and the spring of

1991 (1994-2 to 1999-1). All of these students were included in the Profile of

College Transfer Students Admitted to SFU: 1994/95 to 1998/99, with the exception of 89 students who graduated from secondary school in 1997, 1998 or 1999.

The Relational Database:

A relational database was set up for this study and includes the following information for each member of the cohort: high school course performance, SFU course performance, transfer course performance, cohort demographics, SFU performance in each semester of registration, and credential and program information.

The Control - High School Average:

The high school grades in examinable grade 12 courses were obtained from the B.C.

Ministry of Education for 10,684 members of the cohort. In cases where more than one set of grades was obtained for an individual, the highest grades were used.

An overall average high school percent grade was calculated for each student by taking the average of the best three final blended course grades

1

for each student.

These best three blended course grades were selected from each of three different groups of courses:

Group 1 - English: English, Francais Langue Seconde-Immersion or

Communications.

Group 2 - Sciences: Applications of Math, Biology, Chemistry, Geography,

Geology, History, Histoire, Literature, Mathematics, Principes de

Mathematicques or Physics.

Group 3 - Languages: French, German, Japanese, Latin, Mandarin Chinese,

Punjabi or Spanish.

1

Final Blended Course Grade = (School % Grade + Provincial Exam % Grade) / 2.

Preliminary Analysis, June 2002 A2

Appendix A

For example, the average high school percent grade for a student with final blended grades in English (90%), Biology (85%), Chemistry (60%), Mandarin (95%) and

French (80%), would be derived from the grades in English, Biology and Mandarin for a score of (90 + 85 + 95) / 3 = 90. If a student only completed courses from two groups, then the average is based on two courses.

To establish four control groups for this preliminary study, each student was placed into one of four high school grade quartiles, based on their average high school percent grade. As shown in Figure 1, 90% of secondary school students had a high school average grade above 74.50 while only 40% of college transfer students had a high school average grade above 74.50. In other words, the majority of college transfer students fall in the first quartile, whereas the majority of secondary school students fall in the 3 rd

and 4 th

quartiles.

Distribution of Cohort by

Average High School Grade Quartile

% BC12

% BCCOL

Cum % BC12

Cum % BCCOL

100%

90%

80%

70%

60%

50%

40%

30%

20%

10%

0%

Q1 (Below 74.50) Q2 (74.50 to Q3 (79.50 to Q4 (84.00 and

79.49) 83.99) Above)

These two different distributions of high school grades provide preliminary support for the popular hypothesis that college transfer students are weaker academic students. However, if we take a closer look at the academic performance of students in each quartile and we find that college transfer students often perform better at university than secondary school students with similar high school grades.

Academic Performance Comparison:

One way of comparing the academic performance of college transfer students to secondary school students is to compare their cumulative grade point averages (only for those students in the cohort who pursued their credential through to completion at

SFU).

Preliminary Analysis, June 2002 A3

Appendix A

Since a typical college transfer student will enter SFU with one to two years of college credit while a typical secondary school student will enter SFU in their first year, it is difficult to make equitable CGPA comparisons between the two groups at similar points in time. With this difficulty in mind, Figure 2 shows the CGPA performance trends of secondary school students and college transfer students at significant points of time in their academic career.

After the first semester at SFU. For college transfer students, this could represent the beginning of their third year at a post-secondary institution, but for secondary school students this will primarily be their first semester at a post-secondary institution.

After 30 SFU Credits. Again, the 30 SFU credits will likely be the first 30 credits for secondary school students, but it could represent the end of the second or third year for many college transfer students.

After a TOTAL of 60 Credits. The total of transfer credits and SFU credits are combined to determine the 60-credit mark. From this point in time on the chart through to graduation, the two groups are more directly comparable than the previous two points in time.

After a TOTAL of 90 Credits.

Upon Graduation.

Figure 2: Comparison of Cumulative Grade Point Averages

3.20

3.00

2.80

2.60

2.40

2.20

BC12 Mean CGPA

BCCOL Mean CGPA

2.00

After 1st Sem @

SFU

After 30 SFU

Credits

After TOTAL 60

Credits

After TOTAL 90

Credits

Graduation

Preliminary Analysis, June 2002 A4

Appendix A

Figure 2 above shows that overall college transfer students demonstrate lower academic performance when compared to secondary school students. However, if we control for the entering high school grade, we find that college transfer students, when compared with their high school peers (in the same high school grade quartile) actually perform better than secondary school students in their first two years at university, but also perform equally as well or better than secondary school students in the final two years of their program (see Figure 3).

Figure 3.

3.40

3.20

3.00

2.80

2.60

2.40

2.20

2.00

Quartile 1 BC12 CGPA

Quartile 1 BCCOL CGPA

After 1st Sem

@ SFU

After 30 SFU

Credits

After TOTAL After TOTAL

60 Credits 90 Credits

Graduation

3.40

3.20

3.00

2.80

2.60

2.40

2.20

Quartile 2 BC12 CGPA

Quartile 2 BCCOL CGPA

2.00

After 1st Sem

@ SFU

After 30 SFU

Credits

After TOTAL After TOTAL

60 Credits 90 Credits

Graduation

3.40

3.20

3.00

2.80

2.60

2.40

2.20

Quartile 3 BC12 CGPA

Quartile 3 BCCOL CGPA

2.00

After 1st Sem

@ SFU

After 30 SFU

Credits

After TOTAL After TOTAL

60 Credits 90 Credits

Graduation

3.40

3.20

3.00

2.80

2.60

2.40

2.20

2.00

Quartile 4 BC12 CGPA

Quartile 4 BCCOL CGPA

After 1st Sem

@ SFU

After 30 SFU

Credits

After TOTAL

60 Credits

After TOTAL

90 Credits

Graduation

Since the above CGPA performance comparison aggregates individual course grades into cumulative grade point averages, it is not obvious if there are performance differences between college transfer students and secondary school students in specific undergraduate courses at SFU. Table 1 shows the difference in average grades achieved by the two groups of students in 38 SFU courses. These courses were chosen for analysis because at least 20 students (in each quartile and each admission category) completed these courses.

The “All BC12” and “All BCCOL” columns of the table show that, secondary school students achieve higher grades than college transfer students in the majority of the

SFU courses reported. However, when we look at the difference in grades achieved by the two groups when compared to their academic peers (within each quartile Q1 to

Preliminary Analysis, June 2002 A5

Appendix A

Q4), we see that college transfer students often achieve higher grades in SFU courses than secondary school students.

Table 1

Average Grade

Course

PSYC

BUEC

201

333

All BC12 All BCCOL Q1 BC12 Q1 BCCOL Q2 BC12 Q2 BCCOL Q3 BC12 Q3 BCCOL Q4 BC12 Q4 BCCOL

2.89

2.54

2.57

2.37

2.65

2.57

2.90

3.12

3.23

3.31

2.89

2.59

2.58

2.49

2.71

2.65

2.90

2.84

3.16

3.05

BUS

BUS

PSYC

312

343

250

2.97

2.96

2.91

2.60

2.70

2.71

2.66

2.71

2.68

2.47

2.61

2.57

2.78

2.79

2.71

2.71

2.70

2.86

2.93

2.90

2.85

2.72

2.88

3.01

3.16

3.13

3.23

3.02

3.13

3.22

BICH

KIN

BUS

STAT

221

110

336

270

BUS

BUS

254

207

PSYC 221

BUS

EDUC

BUS

BUS 360

PSYC 385

PSYC 307

BUS 272

BUS 303

ENGL 312

BUS 393

CHEM 150

BUEC 232

PSYC 241

PSYC

KIN

CMNS 130

BUS

478

220

237

369

143

381

KIN 142

CHEM 155

BISC 202

MACM 316

BUS 251

KIN 140

CMNS 110

LING 110

BUS 319

2.95

2.94

2.96

2.55

2.72

2.70

2.94

3.06

2.71

2.60

2.99

3.10

2.90

2.72

2.92

3.00

3.13

2.73

2.78

2.85

2.96

2.85

2.60

3.00

2.62

2.90

2.72

2.72

2.65

2.93

2.67

2.89

3.00

2.53

2.80

2.62

2.27

2.40

2.36

2.61

2.90

2.64

2.41

2.83

2.86

2.72

2.53

2.81

2.84

2.93

2.46

2.52

2.62

2.85

2.56

2.60

2.76

2.64

2.53

2.20

2.42

2.40

2.77

2.70

2.92

2.63

2.68

2.55

2.72

2.18

2.44

2.52

2.63

2.95

2.52

2.35

2.97

2.82

2.87

2.50

2.67

2.88

3.03

2.50

2.54

2.61

2.85

2.42

2.38

2.97

2.31

2.70

2.62

2.41

2.34

2.61

2.49

2.70

2.67

2.27

2.58

2.54

2.14

2.30

2.32

2.46

2.91

2.48

2.33

2.78

2.70

2.66

2.44

2.73

2.70

2.86

2.16

2.43

2.46

2.72

2.26

2.41

2.70

2.32

2.37

1.91

2.16

2.32

2.60

2.52

2.87

2.44

2.64

2.67

2.74

2.15

2.48

2.56

2.69

2.92

2.54

2.36

2.85

2.95

2.72

2.49

2.78

2.84

2.96

2.51

2.61

2.59

2.77

2.53

2.33

2.83

2.29

2.65

2.38

2.25

2.39

2.65

2.49

2.72

2.72

2.51

2.90

2.64

2.29

2.43

2.30

2.71

2.84

2.78

2.52

2.84

2.96

2.62

2.61

2.89

2.91

2.96

2.55

2.60

2.66

2.95

2.70

2.75

2.72

2.65

2.49

2.18

2.47

2.50

2.88

2.95

2.96

2.62

2.77

2.85

2.94

2.23

2.71

2.66

2.94

3.00

2.64

2.62

2.92

3.13

2.80

2.68

2.87

3.01

3.07

2.49

2.79

2.77

2.90

2.83

2.56

2.86

2.43

2.71

2.46

2.46

2.63

2.86

2.68

2.93

2.94

2.82

3.32

2.74

2.45

2.69

2.46

2.92

2.89

2.97

2.54

2.89

3.31

2.92

2.72

2.87

3.03

2.95

2.73

2.79

3.28

3.13

3.20

2.87

2.83

3.28

2.77

2.45

2.56

2.56

3.17

2.98

3.13

2.81

3.22

3.31

3.14

2.93

2.98

2.87

3.28

3.21

3.04

2.90

3.13

3.35

3.14

3.01

3.06

3.12

3.25

3.02

3.04

3.22

3.26

3.23

2.93

3.20

3.05

3.17

3.03

2.96

2.99

3.30

2.91

3.14

3.24

2.86

3.52

3.00

2.62

2.88

2.81

3.38

3.17

3.29

2.91

2.68

3.14

2.57

3.41

3.22

3.26

2.88

2.80

3.38

3.45

3.18

3.15

3.17

3.49

2.67

3.17

3.47

3.21

2.80

3.04

3.16

3.13

3.48

Average

2.81

2.63

2.56

2.51

2.58

2.69

2.75

2.88

3.09

3.11

Further Analysis:

The preliminary findings presented in this paper provide a starting point for further analysis. Other areas for further analysis might include: comparisons of academic performance, retention rates, graduation rates, time to completion, continuity of enrolment and withdrawal rates while controlling for grade performance in BC secondary school examinable courses, secondary school attended, college attended and college course completed and transferred, secondary school graduation year and year of admission to SFU. Regression analysis may be an appropriate tool for this analysis.

Preliminary Analysis, June 2002 A6

Appendix B

Table B1. Distribution of Students Admitted to SFU by Cohort and Secondary School Attended

Secondary School Name

CENTENNIAL SCHOOL

BURNABY NORTH SECONDARY

PORT MOODY SECONDARY

BURNABY CENTRAL SECONDARY

NORTH DELTA SR. SECONDARY

TERRY FOX SECONDARY

QUEEN ELIZABETH SECONDARY

STEVESTON SR. SECONDARY

MATTHEW MCNAIR SECONDARY

KILLARNEY SECONDARY

RICHMOND SECONDARY

NEW WESTMINSTER SECONDARY

BURNABY SOUTH SECONDARY

SIR WINSTON CHURCHIL

DAVID THOMPSON SECONDARY

ERIC HAMBER SECONDARY

VANCOUVER TECHNICAL

SEAQUAM SECONDARY SCHOOL

CARIBOO HILL SECONDARY

ALPHA SECONDARY

CARSON GRAHAM SECONDARY

GLADSTONE SECONDARY

ARGYLE SECONDARY

JOHNSTON HEIGHTS SECONDARY

WINDERMERE SECONDARY

SEMIAHMOO SECONDARY

MAPLE RIDGE SECONDARY

OTHER SECONDARY SCHOOLS (< 1% Each)

TOTAL

District HS Avg

43 80.3

41

43

78.3

79.7

38

39

38

40

41

39

39

39

39

37

41

41

37

43

36

38

41

44

39

44

36

39

36

42

--

77.2

79.3

79.9

76.0

79.1

75.7

77.0

76.9

80.2

75.9

78.2

79.1

77.3

77.5

79.0

77.7

74.1

81.3

77.6

80.7

79.8

76.7

77.7

78.5

78.1

78.3

145

135

81

151

142

133

105

112

109

100

96

228

204

244

168

121

BC12

Freq

653

304

343

%

8.9%

Cum % HS Avg

8.9% 69.6

4.1% 13.0% 67.4

4.7% 17.7% 66.4

3.1%

2.8%

3.3%

2.3%

1.6%

20.8%

23.6%

26.9%

29.2%

30.9%

66.6

70.1

71.2

66.9

69.7

2.0% 32.9% 68.1

1.8% 34.7% 65.9

1.1% 35.8% 67.9

2.1% 37.9% 71.1

1.9%

1.8%

1.4%

1.5%

1.5%

1.4%

1.3%

39.8%

41.6%

43.0%

44.6%

46.1%

47.4%

48.7%

66.2

63.5

69.6

65.9

65.6

68.3

65.2

97

79

81

77

98

71

1.3%

1.1%

1.1%

1.0%

1.3%

1.0%

50.0%

51.1%

52.2%

53.3%

54.6%

55.6%

67.6

69.7

62.4

76.7

73.3

60.7

74

82

1.0% 56.6% 72.5

1.1% 57.7% 69.0

3,102 42.3% 100.0% 69.3

7,335 100.0% 68.6

Note: High School Average grade calculated on provincial exam scores in English 12 plus 3 other examinable courses with the highest grades.

Students with insufficient exam scores are excluded from the high school average, but included in the frequency counts.

BC12's graduated from secondary school from 1992 to 1999 and were admitted to SFU from 1992-2 to 1997-2.

College transfer students graduated from secondary school from 1992 to 1999 and were admitted to SFU from 1994-2 to 1999-1.

74

76

110

31

36

42

61

43

46

37

27

79

96

54

121

108

BCCOL

Freq

97

%

3.1%

94

51

3.0%

1.6%

Cum % HS Avg

3.1% 79.3

6.1% 76.2

7.8% 78.2

2.5% 10.3% 75.0

3.1% 13.4% 76.9

1.7% 15.1% 78.7

3.9% 19.0% 73.4

3.5% 22.5% 75.1

2.4% 24.9% 73.7

2.4% 27.3% 73.4

3.5% 30.9% 72.1

1.0% 31.9% 78.9

1.2%

1.4%

2.0%

1.4%

1.5%

1.2%

0.9%

33.0%

34.4%

36.3%

37.7%

39.2%

40.4%

41.3%

74.2

74.7

76.2

74.5

74.7

76.5

75.4

25

39

37

40

17

41

0.8%

1.3%

1.2%

1.3%

0.5%

1.3%

42.1%

43.3%

44.5%

45.8%

46.3%

47.7%

73.2

78.3

73.0

79.7

79.4

72.0

33

19

1.1% 48.7% 76.4

0.6% 49.3% 77.0

1,575 50.7% 100.0% 75.6

3,109 100.0% 75.9

219

211

191

182

178

175

166

155

155

137

123

307

300

298

289

229

TOTAL

Freq

750

398

%

7.2%

Cum % HS Avg

7.2%

3.8% 11.0%

Diff in

10.7

10.9

394 3.8% 14.8% 13.3

2.9%

2.9%

2.9%

2.8%

2.2%

17.7%

20.6%

23.4%

26.2%

28.4%

10.6

9.1

8.7

9.1

9.3

2.1% 30.5%

2.0% 32.5%

1.8% 34.3%

1.7% 36.1%

1.7%

1.7%

1.6%

1.5%

1.5%

1.3%

1.2%

37.8%

39.5%

41.0%

42.5%

44.0%

45.3%

46.5%

7.7

11.1

9.1

9.1

9.7

14.7

9.5

11.5

11.9

10.7

12.5

122

118

118

117

115

112

1.2%

1.1%

1.1%

1.1%

1.1%

1.1%

47.7%

48.8%

49.9%

51.1%

52.2%

53.2%

107

101

1.0% 54.3%

1.0% 55.2%

4,677 44.8% 100.0%

10,444 100.0%

6.6

11.6

15.3

4.0

6.5

16.0

5.1

9.5

8.8

9.7

B1

Appendix B

Table B2. Distribution of College Transfer Students Admitted to SFU by Secondary School Attended

Secondary School Name

CENTENNIAL SCHOOL

BURNABY NORTH SECONDARY

PORT MOODY SECONDARY

BURNABY CENTRAL SECONDARY

NORTH DELTA SR. SECONDARY

TERRY FOX SECONDARY

QUEEN ELIZABETH SECONDARY

STEVESTON SR. SECONDARY

MATTHEW MCNAIR SECONDARY

KILLARNEY SECONDARY

RICHMOND SECONDARY

NEW WESTMINSTER SECONDARY

BURNABY SOUTH SECONDARY

SIR WINSTON CHURCHIL

DAVID THOMPSON SECONDARY

ERIC HAMBER SECONDARY

VANCOUVER TECHNICAL

SEAQUAM SECONDARY SCHOOL

CARIBOO HILL SECONDARY

ALPHA SECONDARY

CARSON GRAHAM SECONDARY

GLADSTONE SECONDARY

ARGYLE SECONDARY

JOHNSTON HEIGHTS SECONDARY

WINDERMERE SECONDARY

SEMIAHMOO SECONDARY

MAPLE RIDGE SECONDARY

OTHER SECONDARY SCHOOLS (< 1% Each)

TOTAL

Kwantlen

Freq HS Avg

6

4

2

67

1

82

97

65

10

97

3

20

20

11

2

29

1

1

1

6

13

3

29

385

955

64.0

66.5

47.3

70.5

64.5

66.7

69.4

69.1

62.0

67.5

71.5

59.4

66.7

60.3

71.3

68.1

54.3

68.3

62.4

74.3

54.9

73.1

67.7

67.8

Douglas

21

2

20

22

2

24

52

37

1

1

Freq HS Avg

81 70.1

27

48

38

67.2

65.8

65.8

7

2

5

6

25

5

2

15

4

13

3

15

174

652

68.8

71.4

67.1

68.3

36.5

65.6

82.0

72.8

64.3

74.2

69.5

71.8

58.4

65.3

65.9

64.0

53.0

59.1

68.3

56.2

75.2

68.1

65.8

66.8

Capilano

Freq HS Avg

8 70.5

50

2

29

67.9

69.8

68.9

Lower Mainland Colleges and Institutes

VCC

Freq HS Avg

Fraser Valley

Freq HS Avg

8

1

10

4

65.6

80.3

63.6

65.9

1 63.3

1

11

1

2

1

29

8

2

1

16

35

10

40

13

286

545

68.4

55.3

69.9

58.8

85.0

63.8

65.8

64.5

68.3

70.9

62.5

76.7

62.9

69.7

69.3

34

10

7

6

18

1

10

6

30

27

9

2

3

1

5

12

176

380

77.3

74.1

65.2

66.5

70.5

62.3

67.1

66.9

69.9

66.4

68.7

78.7

64.8

58.8

68.4

64.1

67.4

1

1

1

3

117

124

Note: High School Average grade calculated on provincial exam scores in English 12 plus 3 other examinable courses with the highest grades.

Students with insufficient exam scores are excluded from the high school average, but included in the frequency counts.

These college transfer students graduated from secondary school from 1992 to 1999 and were admitted to SFU from 1994-2 to 1999-1.

64.5

54.3

67.9

71.9

71.5

Columbia

Freq HS Avg

1

1

1

1

32

36

68.3

81.8

73.3

73.6

73.7

Coquitlam

Freq HS Avg

2 62.9

2

1

21

26

63.1

63.1

BCIT

Freq HS Avg

2

1

1

1

2

7

68.0

83.8

69.8

80.0

70.4

73.7

Lower Mainland

Colleges Mainland Colleges

Subtotal

76

110

31

36

42

96

54

121

108

74

25

39

37

40

17

61

42

46

37

27

41

33

19

1,193

2,725

Freq HS Avg

97 69.6

93

51

79

67.4

66.3

66.2

67.0

67.9

62.2

76.7

72.9

69.5

63.4

64.4

68.2

65.4

60.5

72.7

68.7

58.4

68.0

65.9

67.9

68.0

66.0

63.3

70.1

70.0

66.9

69.8

66.4

Subtotal

Freq HS Avg

1

1

382

384

74.0

71.8

68.8

71.8

41

33

19

1,575

3,109

25

39

37

40

17

61

43

46

37

27

76

110

31

36

42

All Colleges

TOTAL

96

54

121

108

74

Freq

97

94

51

79

HS Avg

69.6

67.4

66.4

66.6

70.1

71.2

66.9

69.7

68.1

60.7

72.5

69.0

69.3

68.6

67.6

69.7

62.4

76.7

73.3

69.6

65.9

65.6

68.3

65.2

65.9

67.9

71.1

66.2

63.5

B2

Appendix B

Table B3. Distribution of B.C. College Transfer Students Admitted to SFU by College

College Name

Kwantlen University College

Douglas College

Capilano College

Vancouver Community College

University College of the Fraser Valley

Malaspina University-College

Okanagan University College

Cariboo College

College of New Caledonia

Comosun College

Columbia College (Private)

Northwest Community College

Coquitlam College (Private)

Northern Lights College

Selkirk College

College of the Rockies

North Island College

British Columbia Institute of Technology

Total

Freq.

955

652

545

380

124

67

67

64

62

43

36

33

8

7

3,109

26

17

15

8

HS Avg

67.8

66.8

69.3

67.4

71.5

73.6

74.8

71.5

69.1

67.4

73.7

68.9

63.1

75.4

74.3

77.5

71.4

73.7

68.6

%

30.7%

21.0%

17.5%

12.2%

4.0%

2.2%

2.2%

2.1%

2.0%

1.4%

1.2%

1.1%

0.8%

0.5%

0.5%

0.3%

0.3%

0.2%

100.0%

Cum %

30.7%

51.7%

69.2%

81.4%

85.4%

87.6%

89.7%

91.8%

93.8%

95.2%

96.3%

97.4%

98.2%

98.8%

99.3%

99.5%

99.8%

100.0%

200.0%

Note: These college transfer students graduated from secondary school from 1992 to 1999 and were admitted to SFU from 1994-2 to 1999-1.

Students with insufficient exam scores are excluded from the high school average, but included in the frequency counts.

B3

Appendix C

The Analysis File:

For simplicity of the analysis, a compact data file was created by extracting and summarizing relevant information from the relational database. The analysis file includes the following data elements:

Field Name

StuID

BCPEN

BOA

Description

Basis of Admission (BC12 (7,335), BCASD (87), BCCOL (3,014),

BCTEC (8)).

SFU Student Number

Provincial Education Number

BOAGRP Basis of Admission Group (BC12 or BCCOL). Note that BCASD,

BCCOL and BCTEC are all included in BOAGRP = BCCOL.

BEST The number of best examinable courses, in addition to English 12, used in the calculation of the high school admission average. There are 8,717 students with best=3, 1,367 with best=22 and 360 with best=1.

STANDARD The grading standard used for the HSAVG. The values gold, silver and bronze correspond to use of English 12 plus the best 3, 2 or 1 examinable courses.

HSAVG The vanilla high school admission average is based on the average of the provincial exam scores on EN 12 and 3 other examinable courses with the highest scores. If fewer than three other examinable courses were available, then two other or one other course was used in the average. When using HSAVG as a control variable, the analysis file will allow for excluding those with best < 3.

Depending upon the grading standard, here are the mean HSAVG’s by BOAGRP:

Standard BC12 (n) BCCOL (n)

Gold

Silver

Bronze 77.82

MAXCOLL The college from which the maximum transfer credits were received at SFU.

C1

Field Name

TOTTFR

TOTLOP

PSNAME

PSLEFT

ADMSEM

ADMGPA

SSPCT

SSNAME

SSGRAD

Appendix C

Description

The total number of credits transferred to SFU upon admission.

The total number of credits transferred to SFU after admission to

SFU.

The name of the last post-secondary institution attended (if any).

The year in which the student left the previous post-secondary institution.

The semester of admission to SFU (1992-2 to 1992-2 for BC12’s and

1994-2 to 1999-1 for BCCOL’s).

SFU admission grade point average.

SFU admission % grade for secondary school students.

Name of secondary school attended, according to SFU admission record. This is NOT necessarily the same school from which the provincial exam grades were recorded, especially since some students receive provincial exam grade marks from more than one school

Year of graduation from a BC secondary school (1992 to 1996). In total for BC12’s and BCCOL’s, approximately 2,000 students graduated from high school in each of the five years.

AGEATADM

GENDER

VISA

FAC1st

CRED1st

Age upon admission to SFU. On average, BC12’s were 18 upon admission to SFU; BCCOL’s were 21.

Sex: 54% females; 45% male; 1% unknown.

Visa status: 88% domestic (blank); 10% permanent residents (P);

143 on student visa (S); 3 diplomats (D).

Faculty upon admission to SFU: APSC, ARTS, BUS, EDUC, SCI.

42 students with blank FAC1st indicate no faculty specified.

Credential upon admission to SFU. 42 students with blank CRED1st indicate no credential specified.

C2

Field Name

PGM1st

CERTCRED

CERTGSEM

PBDFAC

PBDCRED

PBDGSEM

PDPFAC

PDPCRED

PDPGSEM

BACHFAC

BACHCRED

BACHPGM

BACHGSEM

CERTFAC

Appendix C

Description

Program sought upon admission to SFU. Only programs designated as Major, Honors, Joint Honors, Program, Concentration, or Co-op are included. Minors, Extended Minors, etc. are excluded. Only one program is provided in the file. If a student declared more than one program, the program is randomly selected.

Faculty of 1 st

completed Bachelor’s Degree at SFU. In total, 7,061 students in this study have completed a bachelor’s degree between

1995-2 and 2002-3.

Credential of 1 st

completed Bachelor’s Degree at SFU.

Program subject of 1 st

completed Bachelor’s Degree at SFU. If multiple programs completed simultaneously, then a program is randomly selected. Includes Major, Joint Major, Honor, Joint

Honor, Program, Concentration or Co-op.

Semester when 1 st

Bachelor’s Degree completed at SFU.

Faculty of 1 st

completed Certificate at SFU. In total, 1,371 students in this analysis have completed a certificate between 1994-1 and

2002-3.

Name of 1 st

completed Certificate at SFU.

Semester when 1 st

Certificate completed at SFU.

Faculty of 1 st

completed PBD at SFU. In total, 31 students in this study have completed a PBD between 1998-3 and 2002-3.

Name of 1 st

completed PBD at SFU.

Semester when 1 st

PBD completed at SFU.

Faculty of 1 st

completed PDP at SFU (EDUC). In total, 634 students in this study had completed a PDP between 1995-3 and 2002-3.

Name of 1 st

completed PDP at SFU (PDP).

Semester when 1 st

PDP completed at SFU.

C3

Field Name

Grad1st

ENDSEM

ENDSTAND

ENDTFR

ENDSFU

Appendix C

Description

Semester of 1 st

completed credential (whichever came first, bachelor’s degree, certificate, PDP or PBD). This is the minimum value of BACHGSEM, CERTGSEM, PDPGSEM and PBDGSEM.

In total, 7148 students (68%) in this study have completed at least one credential between 1994-1 and 2002-3.

Last semester. For those who have completed a credential, this is the semester of the 1 st

completed credential (Grad1st). For those who have not completed a credential, this is the last semester of registration/withdrawal at SFU. The minimum value is 1992-3 and the maximum value is 2002-3.

Last academic standing in ENDSEM.

Total transfer credits accumulated, as at ENDSEM, including LOP credits. 25% of BC12’s accumulated transfer credit, averaging 16 credits among those who earned transfer credit. All BCCOL transfer students had transfer credits at ENDSEM, ranging from 27 to 96 credits, for an average of 56 credits. In some cases, ENDTFR is not equal to TOTTFR. This occurs because, either: a) The student completed some LOP credits after their last semester of registration at SFU. In this case, the LOP credit would be included in TOTTFR, but excluded from ENDTFR. b) The student graduated from a credential, but continued to register and accumulate transfer or LOP credits. In this case, the

TOTTFR would be equal to the total transfer credits earned in their career at SFU, but ENDTFR would only include those transfer credits earned up to and including the graduation semester.

Total SFU credits completed, as at ENDSEM. 1% of BC12’s (83 students) completed zero SFU credits; 0.2% of BCCOL’s (22 students) completed zero SFU credits. On average BC12’s completed 99 SFU credits; BCCOL’s completed 69 SFU credits.

ENDTOT Total credits completed, as at ENDSEM. This is the total of

ENDTFR and ENDSFU. In total, BC12’s and BCCOL’s completed almost identical credits at 117.80 for BC12’s and 117.22 for

BCCOL’s.

C4

Field Name

STARTCR

STARCRG

CGPA0030

CGPA0040

CGPA0050

CGPA060

CGPA3060

CGPA4070

CGPA5080

CGPA6090

L60GPA

L60HRS

Appendix C

Description

Number of transfer credits upon admission to SFU. On average,

BCCOL transfer students entered SFU with 47 credits.

This is the range of transfer credits upon admission to SFU (00-30,

30-60, 40-70, 50-80, 60-90). This is used to select the appropriate set of college transfer students for comparing their CGPA on the first

30 credits at SFU (CGPA0030) to the CGPA of secondary school students in an equivalent range of SFU credits. For example,

CGPA4070 for BC12’s would be compared to CGPA0030 for the set of college transfer students who were admitted to sfu with a range of

40-70 credits upon admission to SFU.

CGPA on 00 to 30 SFU credits.

CGPA on 00 to 40 SFU credits.

CGPA on 00 to 50 SFU credits.

CGPA on 00 to 60 SFU credits.

CGPA on 30 to 60 SFU credits.

CGPA on 40 to 70 SFU credits.

CGPA on 50 to 80 SFU credits.

CGPA on 60 to 90 SFU credits.

CGPA on last 60 SFU credits. For those who completed fewer than

60 credits at SFU, this CGPA is calculated on all credits completed at SFU. The CGPA on the last 60 credits at SFU was 2.75 for

BC12’s and 2.72 for BCCOL’s. If students with fewer than 60 credits in the L60GPA are excluded, then the L60GPA is 3.02 for

BC12’s and 2.89 for BCCOL’s.

The number of credit hours used in L60GPA. When using L60GPA as a control variable, this field allows us to exclude those with

L60HRS < 60. Note that 26% of the cohort has fewer than 60 hours in the L60GPA. On average, among those students with 60 or more hours in their L60GPA, there are 62 credit hours included in this

GPA.

C5

Appendix C

Course Grades File:

The course grades file included SFU course grades for all students in the cohort. The file included the following data elements:

Description Field Name

Stuid SFU Student Number.

CrsName

CrsNum

SFU Course Name (eg. BUS, ECON, HIST).

SFU Course Number (eg. 237, 207, 300).

Sem

Grade

CrsGPA

Semester course was completed.

SFU course grade

Numerical equivalent for SFU course grade. For example, A+ translates to 4.33, A=4.00, etc.

BOAGrp

HSAvg

Basis of Admission Group (BC12 or BCCOL).

The vanilla high school admission average is based on the average of the provincial exam scores on EN 12 and the best 3 other examinable courses.

Standard The grading standard used for the HSAVG. The values gold, silver and bronze correspond to use of English 12 plus the best 3, 2 or 1 examinable courses. Only students with a grading standard of

“GOLD” were selected for the course grades analysis.

StartCr

CrAtt

CrHrPass

CumPass

Number of transfer credits upon admission to SFU.

Course credits attempted.

Course credits passed.

Cumulative SFU Hours Passed upon course completion.

C6

Appendix D

Table D1:

Distribution of Students by Semester of Admisison to SFU and Secondary School Graduation Year

Stu Count

BOA Grp

BC12

BC12 Total

BCCOL

Adm Sem

1992-2

1992-3

1993-1

1993-2

1993-3

1994-1

1994-2

1994-3

1995-1

1995-2

1995-3

1996-1

1996-2

1996-3

1997-1

1997-2

1994-2

1994-3

1995-1

1995-2

1995-3

1996-1

1996-2

1996-3

1997-1

1997-2

1997-3

1998-1

1998-2

1998-3

1999-1

BCCOL Total

Grand Total

Sec Sch

Grad Yr

1992

2

1,155

29

23

15

8

9

1

53

11

20

31

1,209

57

92

63

27

73

38

35

533

1,742

1993

1

7

1,177

124

19

27

13

26

9

115

28

34

47

1,328

19

62

114

69

153

73

54

843

2,171

1994

19

1,430

104

21

1,574

71

100

45

29

36

14

84

92

170

44

17

71

1

2

776

2,350

1995

1

12

1,441

75

32

1,561

65

51

96

136

4

12

1

2

91

37

72

20

587

2,148

1996

1

38

1,430

106

33

1

9

1,441

76

41

1,562 1,562

43

47

43

47

Grand

Total

2

1,156

29

30

1,177

124

53

70

126

56

3

55

3

3

1,663 7,335

76

1

155

180

406

137

224

369

114

299

199

193

231

157

269

100

370 3,109

2,033 10,444

The Sample:

· The sample for this study includes 10,444 students who graduated from a BC secondary school in the five-year period from 1992 to 1996 and were later admitted to Simon Fraser

University.

· This includes 7,333 BC12's who were admitted to SFU within one year of high school graduation

(1992-2 to 1997-2) and 3,109 college transfer students (BCCOL's) who transferred to SFU from a BC College in semesters 1994-2 to 1999-1.

Note:

Adm Sem is the SFU Admission Semester denoted by the year and a semester number (1,2,3), where 1=Spring, 2=Summer and 3=Fall.

D1

Appendix D

Table D2:

Distribution of Students Admitted to SFU by Average High School GPA

standard ssgrad ssname

GOLD

(All)

(All)

Data Sec Sch GPA

Student Count LE 50

51-60

61-70

71-80

81-90

91-100

% Distribution LE 50

51-60

61-70

71-80

81-90

91-100

Total Student Count

Total Average of hsavg

BOA Grp

BC12

3

68

863

2,967

2,227

443

0.0%

1.0%

13.1%

45.2%

33.9%

6.7%

6,571

BCCOL

43

296

890

706

199

12

2.0%

13.8%

41.5%

32.9%

9.3%

0.6%

2,146

Grand Total

46

364

1,753

3,673

2,426

455

0.5%

4.2%

20.1%

42.1%

27.8%

5.2%

8,717

78.3

68.6

75.9

Notes:

1. Average High School GPA is based on the average of the provincial exam scores on English 12 and the best 3 other examinable courses. This is the

"Gold" standard. If fewer than three other examinable courses were available, then two or one other course was used in the average. These are the "Silver" or "Bronze" standard scores. Only the "Gold" standard secondary school averages are reported above.

2. Includes students who graduated from a B.C. high school from 1992 to

1996 and were admitted directly to SFU (in semesters 1992-2 to 1997-2) or via transfer from college (admitted to SFU from 1994-2 to 1999-1).

Highlights:

· 86% of students from secondary school and 43% of college transfer students entered SFU with a high school average above 70%.

D2

Appendix D

Table D3:

Age Distribution of Students Admitted to SFU

Data

Student Count

Age at Adm

Total Student Count

Total Avg Age at SFU Adm

26

27

28

31

39

22

23

24

25

18

19

20

21

14

15

16

17

BOA Grp

BC12

10

224

1

2

5,809

970

251

48

12

4

2

BCCOL

11

252

1,142

910

469

228

73

15

4

4

1

1

1

7,335 3,109

Grand Total

1

2

10

224

5,820

1,222

1,393

15

4

4

1

958

481

232

75

1

1

10,444

18.2

20.9

19.0

Note:

Includes students who graduated from a B.C. high school from 1992 to

1996 and were admitted directly to SFU (in semesters 1992-2 to 1997-2) or via transfer from college (admitted to SFU from 1994-2 to 1999-1).

Highlights:

· The 2-year difference in average age between the two groups reflects the 2year lag from high school graduation to SFU admission for college transfer students.

D3

Table D4:

Gender Distribution of Students Admitted to SFU

Data

Student Count gender

F

M

% Distribution

F

M

Total Student Count

Total % Distribution

BOA Grp

BC12

4

3,866

3,465

0.1%

52.7%

47.2%

7,335

100.0%

BCCOL

18

1,805

1,286

0.6%

58.1%

41.4%

3,109

100.0%

Grand Total

22

5,671

4,751

0.2%

54.3%

45.5%

10,444

100.0%

Notes:

1. Blank indicates unspecified gender.

2. Includes students who graduated from a B.C. high school from

1992 to 1996 and were admitted directly to SFU (in semesters 1992-2 to 1997-2) or via transfer from college (admitted to SFU from 1994-2 to 1999-1).

Appendix D

Highlights:

· Proportionately more females take the college transfer route to SFU.

This is likely due to differences in program preferences.

D4

Appendix D

Table D5:

Distribution of Students by Faculty Upon Admission to SFU

fac1st

APSC

ARTS

BUS

EDUC

SCI

(blank)

Grand Total

BOA Grp

BC12

Data

BCCOL

Student Count % Distribution Student Count % Distribution

1,215

2,641

1,339

241

1,881

18

16.6%

36.0%

18.3%

3.3%

25.6%

0.2%

264

1,633

711

159

318

24

8.5%

52.5%

22.9%

5.1%

10.2%

0.8%

7,335 100.0% 3,109 100.0%

Total Student Count Total % Distribution

1,479

4,274

2,050

400

2,199

42

10,444

14.2%

40.9%

19.6%

3.8%

21.1%

0.4%

100.0%

Notes:

1. SFU Faculty Abbreviations: APSC=Applied Sciences, Arts=Arts, BUS=Business Administration, EDUC=Education,

SCI=Science.

2. Includes students who graduated from a B.C. high school from 1992 to 1996 and were admitted directly to SFU (in semesters 1992-2 to 1997-2) or via transfer from college (admitted to SFU from 1994-2 to 1999-1).

Highlights:

· Students entering Applied Sciences and Science are twice as likely to be direct from secondary school (42%) than transferring from college (19%).

D5

Appendix D

Table D6:

Distribution of Students by Crediential Upon Admission to SFU

cred1st

BA

BSC

BBA

BED

BSC(KINES)

BASC

BGS

BFA

(blank)

PDP

CERT(LIB ART)

CERT(ACTUARIAL)

CERT(URBAN)

SPECIAL

VISITING

Grand Total

BOA Grp

BC12

Data

BCCOL

Student Count % Distribution Student Count % Distribution

2,625

2,477

1,339

239

235

273

50

72

18

2

3

1

35.8%

33.8%

18.3%

3.3%

3.2%

3.7%

0.7%

1.0%

0.2%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

1,551

430

711

149

77

5

99

45

24

10

3

2

1

1

0.8%

0.3%

0.1%

0.1%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

49.9%

13.8%

22.9%

4.8%

2.5%

0.2%

3.2%

1.4%

7,335 100.0% 3,109 100.0%

Total Student Count Total % Distribution

4,176

2,907

2,050

388

1

1

1

42

12

6

2

312

278

149

117

10,444

0.4%

0.1%

0.1%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

40.0%

27.8%

19.6%

3.7%

3.0%

2.7%

1.4%

1.1%

100.0%

Notes:

1. SFU Bachelor Degrees: BA=Bachelor of Arts, BSC=Science, BBA=Business Administration, BED=Education,

BSC(Kines)=Bachelor of Science (Kinesiology), BASC=Applied Science, BGS=General Studies, BFA=Fine Arts.

2. PDP=Professional Development Program.

3. SFU Certificates: CERT(LIB ART)=Liberal Arts, CERT(Actuarial)=Actuarial Science, CERT(URBAN)=Urban Studies.

4. Blank denotes students who were admitted without a declared credential.

5. Includes students who graduated from a B.C. high school from 1992 to 1996 and were admitted directly to SFU (in semesters 1992-2 to 1997-2) or via transfer from college (admitted to SFU from 1994-2 to 1999-1).

D6

Appendix D

Table D7:

Distribution of Students by Program Upon Admission to SFU

KIN

GEOG

ENSC

CMNS

BICH

POSC

ECON

MATH

Others pgm1st

BUS

BISC

CMPT

PSYC

ENGL

CRIM

HIST

Subtotal

Undeclared

Total

BOA Grp

BC12

Data

BCCOL

Student Count % Distribution Student Count % Distribution

1,276

456

439

262

309

165

205

228

124

251

113

138

103

76

70

535

2.5%

5.1%

2.3%

2.8%

2.1%

1.6%

1.4%

11.0%

26.1%

9.3%

9.0%

5.4%

6.3%

3.4%

4.2%

4.7%

692

99

107

249

150

283

130

75

139

5

67

21

50

53

30

273

5.7%

0.2%

2.7%

0.9%

2.0%

2.2%

1.2%

11.1%

28.2%

4.0%

4.4%

10.2%

6.1%

11.5%

5.3%

3.1%

100.0% 100.0% 4,881

2,454

7,335

2,451

658

3,109

Total Student Count Total % Distribution

1,968

555

546

511

459

448

335

303

263

256

180

159

153

129

100

808

7,332

3,112

10,444

3.6%

3.5%

2.5%

2.2%

2.1%

1.8%

1.4%

11.0%

26.8%

7.6%

7.4%

7.0%

6.3%

6.1%

4.6%

4.1%

100.0%

Note:

1. Table does not show individual programs with fewer than 100 students.

2. As a proportion of the total number of students in each admission category, 33.5% of BC12's and 21.2% of college transfer students did not have a declared program upon admission to SFU.

3. Includes students who graduated from a B.C. high school from 1992 to 1996 and were admitted directly to SFU (in semesters 1992-2 to 1997-2) or via transfer from college (admitted to SFU from 1994-2 to 1999-1).

D7

Appendix D

Table D8:

Distribution of Credits Transferred to SFU Upon Admission to SFU

Data

Student Count

% Distribution

Avg Tfr Credits

51 - 60

61 +

None

00 - 30

31 - 40

41 - 50

51 - 60

61 +

None

00 - 30

31 - 40

41 - 50

51 - 60

61 +

Transfer Credits BOA Grp at SFU Adm BC12

None

00 - 30

31 - 40

41 - 50

5,528

1,616

78

57

49

7

75.4%

22.0%

1.1%

0.8%

0.7%

0.1%

0.0

11.1

34.9

45.4

56.3

69.0

Total Student Count 7,335

Total Avg Tfr Credits 3.6

BCCOL

4

342

680

652

1,281

150

0.1%

11.0%

21.9%

21.0%

41.2%

4.8%

0.0

29.6

35.7

45.2

57.2

66.2

3,109

Grand Total

5,532

1,958

758

709

1,330

157

53.0%

18.7%

7.3%

6.8%

12.7%

1.5%

0.0

14.3

35.6

45.2

57.1

66.3

10,444

47.3

16.6

Note:

1. Transfer credits for secondary school students includes 683 students with Advanced Placement or International

Baccalaureate credits.

2. Among those secondary school students with transfer credits, a median of 9 credits were transferred.

3. The number of credits transferred is also positively correlated with the age of the student.

4. Includes students who graduated from a B.C. high school from 1992 to 1996 and were admitted directly to SFU (in semesters 1992-2 to 1997-2) or via transfer from college (admitted to SFU from 1994-2 to 1999-1).

D8

Appendix D

Table D9: Distribution of SFU Baccalaureate Graduates by Secondary School Grad Year and SFU Graduation Semester

(Includes High School Graduates of 1995 and 1996 only)

standard GOLD

Student Count BOA Grp SS Grad

Bach Grad

(blank)

1997-3

1998-1

1998-2

1998-3

1999-1

1999-2

1999-3

2000-1

2000-2

2000-3

2001-1

2001-2

2001-3

2002-1

2002-2

2002-3

Grand Total

5-Yr Grads

6-Yr Grads

All Grads

5-Yr Grad %

6-Yr Grad %

% Bach Grad

BC12

1995

488

14

64

61

83

215

116

79

158

47

43

39

23

2

7

17

1,456

446

799

968

30.6%

54.9%

66.5%

1996

650

1

1,557

468

806

907

30.1%

51.8%

58.3%

80

84

209

109

12

72

2

8

85

144

72

29

BC12

Total

1,138

3

7

14

66

69

95

287

196

163

367

156

128

183

95

46

3,013

914

1,605

1,875

30.3%

53.3%

62.2%

BCCOL

1995

108

1

4

21

1

2

28

62

26

14

23

26

68

32

21

8

7

452

146

268

344

32.3%

59.3%

76.1%

1996

82

1

1

305

114

209

223

37.4%

68.5%

73.1%

43

26

27

42

3

20

16

30

8

6

BCCOL

Total

190

1

2

2

4

22

23

29

88

48

58

105

52

41

63

16

13

757

260

477

567

34.3%

63.0%

74.9%

Grand

Total

1,328

1

5

9

18

88

92

124

375

244

221

472

208

169

246

111

59

3,770

1,174

2,082

2,442

31.1%

55.2%

64.8%

Highlights:

· College transfer students who would not persist to graduation were filtered out in college (and did not transfer to SFU), therefore secondary school students show lower graduation rates.

Notes:

1. Blank Bach Grad Sem indicates no SFU bachelors degree completed yet.

2. Bach Grad Sem indicates the semester of the first completed SFU bachelor's degree.

3. Includes students who completed high school in 1995 or 1996 only and were admitted to SFU from 1995-1 to 1997-2.

D9

Appendix D

Table D10: Distribution of SFU Baccalaureate Graduates by Secondary School Grad Year and SFU Graduation Semester

(Among students who completed at least 30 credits in total).

standard GOLD

Student Count BOA Grp

Bach Grad

(blank)

1997-3

1998-1

1998-2

1998-3

1999-1

1999-2

1999-3

2000-1

2000-2

2000-3

2001-1

2001-2

2001-3

2002-1

2002-2

2002-3

Grand Total

5-Yr Grads

6-Yr Grads

7-Yr Grads

All Grads

5-Yr Grad %

6-Yr Grad %

7-Yr Grad %

% Bach Grad

BC12

1995

320

446

799

928

968

34.6%

62.0%

39

23

17

1,288

79

158

47

43

61

83

215

116

14

64

2

7

72.0%

75.2%

SS Grad

1996

421

1

85

144

72

29

1,328

468

806

80

84

209

109

12

72

2

8

907

35.2%

60.7%

68.3%

BC12 Total BCCOL

1995

741

69

95

287

196

14

66

3

7

107

1

1

2

7

451

146

268

26

14

21

8

68

32

28

62

4

21

23

26

BCCOL

Total Grand Total

1996

82

1

1

183

95

46

2,616

163

367

156

128

914

1,605

43

26

27

42

3

20

16

30

305

114

8

6

209

1,875

329

344 223 567

34.9%

32.4% 37.4% 34.4%

61.4%

59.4% 68.5% 63.1%

13

756

260

477

52

41

63

16

88

48

58

105

4

22

23

29

189

1

2

2

2,442

34.8%

61.7%

59

3,372

1,174

2,082

208

169

246

111

375

244

221

472

18

88

92

124

930

1

5

9

72.9%

71.7% 76.3% 73.1% 75.0% 72.4%

Note:

1. Blank Bach Grad Sem indicates no SFU bachelors degree completed yet.

2. Bach Grad Sem indicates the semester of the first completed SFU bachelor's degree.

3. Includes students who completed high school in 1995 or 1996 only and were admitted to SFU from 1995-1 to 1997-2 and completed at least 30 credits in total.

Highlights:

· By filtering out non-persisters from each admission group, the seven-year graduation rates of college transfer students and secondary school students are roughly equal at 72% or 73%.

D10

Appendix D

Table D11: Distribution of SFU Baccalaureate Graduates by Faculty at Admission and Faculty at Graduation

BOA Grp

BC12

BCCOL

Data

Student Count

% Distribution

BC12 Student Count

BC12 % Distribution

Student Count

% Distribution

BCCOL Student Count

BCCOL % Distribution

Total Student Count

Enter Fac

APSC

ARTS

BUS

EDUC

SCI

(blank)

APSC

ARTS

BUS

EDUC

SCI

(blank)

APSC

ARTS

BUS

EDUC

SCI

(blank)

APSC

ARTS

BUS

EDUC

SCI

(blank)

Grad Fac

APSC

524

187

78

2

235

ARTS

95

1,197

355

108

200

BUS

22%

139

36

24

2

22

1

79%

3%

4%

2%

11%

12%

224

10%

69%

11%

8%

1%

20%

0%

1,026

1,250

41%

20

1,131

205

75

23

7

11%

89%

39%

61%

12%

76%

1,461

63%

12%

72%

35%

68%

17%

0%

1,955

3,416

0%

5%

56%

0%

4%

0%

383

16%

1,217

6%

9%

55%

2%

7%

0%

834

18%

43

154

558

3

76

EDUC

0%

2%

0%

24%

1%

0%

83

2%

1

18 72

304

7

1%

2%

0%

38%

2

33

4

38

6

SCI

44

1

1%

0%

64

3%

147

152

1

10%

1%

1%

0%

73%

12%

181

8%

630

1

13%

6%

97

98

17

7

2%

4%

55%

100%

850

Grand Total

761

1,669

1,012

158

1,147

1

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

4,748

18%

17

8

3

100%

177

1,265

536

121

205

9

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

2,313

100%

1,031 7,061

Note:

1. Blank Enter Fac indicates no Faculty declared upon admission to SFU.

2. Includes students who graduated from a B.C. high school from 1992 to 1996 and were admitted directly to SFU (in semesters

1992-2 to 1997-2) or via transfer from college (admitted to SFU from 1994-2 to 1999-1).

3. Students who have not completed a bachelor's degree are excluded from this table.

Highlights:

· College transfer students had time while in college to determine what they wanted to pursue upon SFU admission.

Therefore, college transfers are more likely to finish in the same SFU faculty as the one in which they were first admitted to..

D11

Appendix E

Comparative Summary of Indicators:

BC Secondary School vs. BC College Transfer Students

Summary of

Academic Performance Means:

High School Avg. Grade

(Avg. Prov. Exam Score)

HSAvg < 75%

HS Avg >= 75%

1

SFU Admission GPA

HSAvg < 75%

HS Avg >= 75%

6,571

2,205

4,366

6,571

2,204

4,364

N

BC12

Mean StdDev

78.33

69.89

82.59

3.36

3.09

3.50

7.73

4.22

5.17

0.36

0.23

0.34

2,146

1,654

492

2,146

1,654

492

N

BCCOL

Mean StdDev

68.59

65.05

80.51

3.02

2.95

3.25

8.95

6.58

4.39

0.36

0.32

0.40

DIFFERENCE

Mean Sig

9.74

4.84

2.08

0.34

0.14

0.25

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

TOTAL

N Mean

8,717

3,859

4,858

8,717

3,858

4,856

75.93

67.82

82.38

3.28

3.03

3.47

Total Transfer Credits

Total LOP Credits

SFU Credits Completed

Total Credits Completed

HSAvg < 75%

HS Avg >= 75%

Total Credits Completed at Bach Grad

HSAvg < 75%

HS Avg >= 75%

CGPA on First 30 SFU Credits

3

HSAvg < 75%

HS Avg >= 75%

6,571

6,571

6,571

3.66

2.91

99.88

6,571 103.31

2,205 91.91

4,366 109.07

4,297 129.29

1,263 125.95

3,034 130.68

6,500

2,171

4,329

2.72

2.40

2.88

9.25

8.64

45.33

45.68

48.81

42.87

18.27

17.78

18.29

0.72

0.68

0.68

2,146

2,146

2,146

47.18

2.00

70.39

2,146 117.51

1,654 116.73

492 120.17

1,605 129.27

1,224 128.76

381 130.90

2,132

1,644

488

2.64

2.56

2.89

11.54

5.41

28.41

28.87

29.17

27.72

13.97

14.31

12.72

0.56

0.53

0.57

-43.52

0.91

29.49

-14.20

-24.82

-11.10

0.02

-2.81

-0.22

0.08

-0.17

-0.01

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.958

0.000

0.762

0.000

0.000

0.700

8,717

8,717

8,717

14.37

2.69

92.62

8,717 106.81

3,859 102.55

4,858 110.19

5,902 129.28

2,487 127.33

3,415 130.70

8,632

3,815

4,817

2.70

2.47

2.88

CGPA on Last 60 SFU Credits - Bach. Grads

HSAvg < 75%

HS Avg >= 75%

2,480

701

1,779

3.12

2.88

3.21

0.48

0.41

0.47

899

675

224

2.93

2.86

3.13

0.43

0.40

0.44

0.19

0.02

0.09

0.000

0.023

0.085

3,379

1,376

2,003

3.07

2.87

3.20

CGPA on Last 60 SFU Credits by Degree Completed:

Bachelor of Arts

HSAvg < 75%

HS Avg >= 75%

Bachelor of Applied Science

HSAvg < 75%

HS Avg >= 75%

Bachelor of Business Administration

HSAvg < 75%

HS Avg >= 75%

Bachelor of Education

HSAvg < 75%

HS Avg >= 75%

Bachelor of Fine Arts

HSAvg < 75%

HS Avg >= 75%

Bachelor of General Studies

HSAvg < 75%

HS Avg >= 75%

34

16

18

29

11

18

414

102

312

53

13

40

980

399

581

105

105

0.33

0.24

0.33

0.47

0.34

0.56

0.38

0.36

0.37

0.43

0.29

0.42

0.46

0.40

0.45

0.36

0.36

3.37

3.19

3.48

2.70

2.61

2.78

3.13

2.99

3.18

3.23

2.94

3.33

3.07

2.88

3.20

3.52

3.52

3.34

3.42

3.17

2.68

2.66

2.90

2.92

2.88

3.03

3.30

3.26

3.40

2.94

2.87

3.20

3.51

3.51

35

33

2

10

7

3

160

118

42

17

12

5

514

414

100

1

1

0.42

0.40

0.42

0.26

0.14

0.44

0.49

0.50

0.21

0.33

0.33

0.33

0.35

0.39

0.25

0.812

0.020

0.338

0.871

0.637

0.584

0.000

0.029

0.006

0.513

0.029

0.617

0.000

0.847

0.998

0.971

0.971

0.03

-0.23

0.31

0.02

-0.06

-0.12

0.21

0.10

0.16

-0.07

-0.33

-0.07

0.13

0.01

0.00

0.01

0.01

69

49

20

39

18

21

574

220

354

70

25

45

1,494

813

681

106

106

3.36

3.28

3.44

2.69

2.65

2.79

3.07

2.93

3.16

3.25

3.09

3.34

3.02

2.87

3.20

3.52

3.52

E1

Appendix E

Comparative Summary of Indicators:

BC Secondary School vs. BC College Transfer Students

Summary of

Academic Performance Means:

CGPA on Last 60 SFU Credits by Degree Completed, cont.

Bachelor of Science

HSAvg < 75%

HS Avg >= 75%

Bachelor of Science (Kinesiology)

HSAvg < 75%

HS Avg >= 75%

Bach. Degree Completion Rates

5 - Year Completion Rate

6 - Year Completion Rate

7 - Year Completion Rate

4

2,616

2,616

1,288

675

112

563

186

46

140

N

BC12

Mean StdDev

3.11

2.78

3.17

3.21

3.02

3.27

20.7%

48.4%

72.1%

0.53

0.48

0.52

0.46

0.45

0.44

0.41

0.50

0.45

133

70

63

29

21

8

N

BCCOL

Mean StdDev

DIFFERENCE

Mean Sig

2.85

2.67

3.06

3.09

3.08

3.12

756

756

451

22.6%

50.5%

73.0%

0.48

0.36

0.51

0.42

0.36

0.59

0.42

0.50

0.44

0.25

0.11

0.11

0.12

-0.06

0.15

-0.02

-0.02

-0.01

0.259

0.310

0.712

0.000

0.088

0.098

0.164

0.563

0.500

TOTAL

N Mean

808

182

626

215

67

148

3,372

3,372

1,739

21.1%

48.9%

72.3%

3.06

2.73

3.16

3.19

3.03

3.26

% Early Leavers (<= 15 SFU Credits)

HSAvg < 75%

HS Avg >= 75%

6,571

2,205

4,366

5.7%

9.5%

3.8%

0.23

0.29

0.19

2,146

1,654

492

7.3%

7.8%

5.7%

0.26

0.27

0.23

-1.6%

1.7%

-1.9%

0.011

0.058

0.078

8,717

3,859

4,858

6.1%

8.8%

4.0%

University Failure Rate - All Students

HSAvg < 75%

HS Avg >= 75%

Univ Failure Rate after 30 Tot Cr Complete

HSAvg < 75%

HS Avg >= 75%

6,571

2,205

4,366

5,709

1,748

3,961

10.9%

18.6%

7.1%

5.0%

7.8%

3.7%

0.31

0.01

0.00

0.22

0.27

0.19

2,146

1,654

492

2,145

1,654

491

7.7%

8.5%

5.3%

7.7%

8.5%

5.1%

0.27

0.28

0.22

0.27

0.28

0.22

3.2%

10.1%

1.8%

-2.7%

-0.6%

1.8%

0.000

0.000

0.102

0.000

0.505

0.184

8,717

3,859

4,858

7,854

3,402

4,452

*Notes:

1. High school average grade is calculated on the average of provincial exam scores in Engl 12 plus best 3 academic grade 12 examinable courses.

2. Secondary school % is provided as a reference only. Where available on the SFU student record system, this is the blended high school average grade based on provincial exam scores and school grades.

3. The CGPA on the first 30 SFU credits have been adjusted such that the CGPA on the first 30 SFU credits for college transfer students is compared to the CGPA of an equivalent year-level block of 30-credits for direct entry secondary school students. A weighted average over all student year levels is calculated to provide a single indicator of CGPA on the “first 30” SFU credits for each admission group.

4. Degree completion rates calculated for students with a high school grad year of 1995 or 1996, and admitted to SFU from 1995 - 1 to 1997 - 2 and completed more than 30 credits in total;

7 - year completion rate caluclated for 1995 HS grads only.

5. All of the above indicators only includes students with a valid HSAvg calculated on Engl 12 plus best 3 grade 12 examinable courses.

Source: FreqAndMeans.sps, BachGrad.sps

10.1%

14.2%

6.9%

5.7%

8.1%

3.9%

E2

Appendix F

CGPA on Last 60 SFU Credits (Bachelor’s Completers) – Regression Results:

4.5

4.0

3.5

3.0

2.5

2.0

100

BOA Group

BCCOL

Rsq = 0.1213

BC12

Rsq = 0.2220 1.5

30 40 50 60 70 80 90

HS Avg Grade

Param eter Estim ates

D ependent Variable: C G PA on Last 60 SFU C redits (Baccalaureate G raduates O nly)

95% C onfidence Interval

BO A G roup Param eter B Std. Error t Sig.

Low er Bound U pper Bound

BC 12 Intercept

.801 .088 9.133 .000 .629

H SAVG

.029 .001 26.595 .000 .027

BC C O L Intercept

H SAVG

1.777

.017

.104

.001

17.039

11.128

.000

.000

1.572

.014

BC12: CGPA

L60

= 0.801 + (0.029 * HsAvgGrade)

(R

2

= .222)

.972

.031

1.982

.020

BCCOL:

L60

= 1.777 + (0.017 * HsAvgGrade)

(R

2

= .121)

Appendix G

Table G1. Comparative Summary of Course Grades

BC Secondary School vs. BC College Transfer Students

Summary of Course Grade Means:

All SFU Courses Combined

Lower High School Achievers (< 75%)

Upper High School Achievers (>= 75%)

100-Level SFU Courses

Lower High School Achievers (< 75%)

Upper High School Achievers (>= 75%)

200-Level SFU Courses

Lower High School Achievers (< 75%)

Upper High School Achievers (>= 75%)

300-Level SFU Courses

Lower High School Achievers (< 75%)

Upper High School Achievers (>= 75%)

400-Level SFU Courses

Lower High School Achievers (< 75%)

Upper High School Achievers (>= 75%)

Grade Distribution in All SFU Courses

% A’s (A+, A, A-)

Lower High School Achievers (< 75%)

Upper High School Achievers (>= 75%)

% B’s (B+, B, B-)

Lower High School Achievers (< 75%)

Upper High School Achievers (>= 75%)

% C’s (C+, C, C-)

Lower High School Achievers (< 75%)

Upper High School Achievers (>= 75%)

% D, F, N

Lower High School Achievers (< 75%)

Upper High School Achievers (>= 75%)

Course Failure Rate (Grade = F or N):

All Courses

Lower High School Achievers (< 75%)

Upper High School Achievers (>= 75%)

100-Level Courses Only

Lower High School Achievers (< 75%)

Upper High School Achievers (>= 75%)

200-, 300- and 400-Level Courses

Lower High School Achievers (< 75%)

Upper High School Achievers (>= 75%)

% Unsatisfactory Grades (C-, D, F, N)

All Courses

Lower High School Achievers (< 75%)

Upper High School Achievers (>= 75%)

100-Level Courses Only

Lower High School Achievers (< 75%)

Upper High School Achievers (>= 75%)

200-, 300- and 400-Level Courses

Lower High School Achievers (< 75%)

Upper High School Achievers (>= 75%)

169,344

51,930

117,370

66,608

21,625

44,983

39,137

11,638

27,499

46,863

13,972

32,891

16,504

4,695

11,809

N

BC12

Mean StdDev

2.86

2.61

2.97

3.01

2.79

3.10

2.89

2.64

3.01

2.76

2.47

2.90

3.21

3.05

3.27

47,111

36,014

11,097

9,665

7,667

1,998

11,303

8,654

2,649

19,082

14,397

4,685

7,061

5,296

1,765

0.85

0.81

0.84

0.79

0.78

0.78

0.85

0.84

0.82

0.87

0.86

0.84

0.75

0.78

0.73

N

BCCOL

Mean StdDev

DIFFERENCE

Mean Sig

2.78

2.71

3.00

2.67

2.62

2.88

2.64

2.56

2.89

2.80

2.74

3.01

3.07

3.01

3.26

0.81

0.80

0.82

0.85

0.84

0.87

0.81

0.80

0.82

0.77

0.75

0.80

0.76

0.76

0.74

TOTAL

N

0.22

0.05

0.08

0.20

0.05

0.08

0.11

-0.07

0.01

0.08

-0.15

0.01

0.13

0.04

0.01

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

216,455

0.000

87,944

0.401

128,467

0.000

0.000

0.539

76,273

29,292

46,981

0.015

0.064

0.714

50,440

20,292

30,148

65,945

28,369

37,576

23,565

9,991

13,574

Mean

2.81

2.59

2.96

2.95

2.76

3.09

2.87

2.67

3.01

2.75

2.51

2.90

3.17

3.03

3.27

169,344

51,974

117,370

169,344

51,974

117,370

169,344

51,974

117,370

169,344

51,974

117,370

24.8%

13.8%

29.6%

45.5%

45.3%

45.6%

25.6%

34.8%

21.6%

4.0%

6.0%

3.1%

169,112

51,930

117,182

66,608

21,625

44,983

102,504

30,305

72,199

2.0%

3.0%

1.6%

2.7%

4.3%

2.0%

1.6%

2.1%

1.4%

169,112

51,930

117,182

66,608

21,625

44,983

102,504

30,305

72,199

8.5%

12.7%

6.7%

10.8%

16.5%

8.1%

7.0%

10.0%

5.8%

0.44

0.48

0.41

0.20

0.24

0.17

0.43

0.35

0.46

0.50

0.50

0.50

47,162

69,050

11,112

47,162

36,050

11,112

47,162

36,050

11,112

47,162

36,050

11,112

18.3%

15.0%

29.0%

48.0%

48.3%

46.9%

29.3%

31.9%

20.8%

4.3%

4.7%

3.2%

0.14

0.17

0.13

0.16

0.20

0.14

0.12

0.14

0.12

47,111

36,014

11,097

9,665

7,667

1,998

37,443

28,347

9,099

2.0%

2.1%

1.7%

2.9%

3.0%

2.6%

1.8%

1.9%

1.5%

0.28

0.33

0.25

0.31

0.37

0.27

0.26

0.30

0.23

47,111

36,014

11,097

9,665

7,667

1,998

37,446

28,347

9,099

9.9%

10.8%

7.0%

12.3%

13.2%

9.0%

9.2%

10.1%

6.5%

0.46

0.47

0.41

0.20

0.21

0.18

0.39

0.36

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

-3.7%

2.8%

0.8%

-0.3%

1.3%

-0.1%

6.5%

-1.2%

0.6%

-2.5%

-3.0%

-1.3%

0.000

216,506

0.000

121,024

0.160

128,482

0.000

216,506

0.000

88,024

0.009

128,482

0.000

216,506

0.000

88,024

0.055

128,482

0.001

216,506

0.000

88,024

0.410

128,482

23.4%

14.5%

29.6%

46.0%

46.6%

45.7%

26.4%

33.6%

21.5%

4.0%

5.4%

3.1%

0.14

0.14

0.13

0.17

0.17

0.16

0.13

0.13

0.12

0.0%

0.9%

-0.1%

-0.2%

1.3%

-0.7%

-0.2%

0.2%

-0.1%

0.756

216,223

0.000

87,944

0.565

128,279

0.240

0.000

0.070

76,273

29,292

46,981

0.020

139,947

0.079

0.517

58,652

81,298

2.0%

2.6%

1.6%

2.7%

3.9%

2.0%

1.6%

2.0%

1.4%

0.30

0.31

0.25

0.33

0.34

0.29

0.29

0.30

0.25

-1.4%

1.9%

-0.3%

-1.5%

3.3%

-0.9%

-2.2%

-0.1%

-0.8%

0.000

216,223

0.000

87,944

0.228

128,279

0.000

0.000

0.179

76,273

29,292

46,981

0.000

139,950

0.598

58,652

0.005

81,298

8.8%

11.9%

6.7%

11.0%

15.6%

8.2%

7.6%

10.0%

5.9%

G1

Appendix G

Table G2. Comparative Summary of Course Grades (N>20):

BC Secondary School vs. BC College Transfer Students

BC12 BCCOL DIFFERENCE TOTAL

COURSE

BICH 221

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

BUEC 232

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

BUEC 333

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

BUS 207

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

BUS 237

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

BUS 251

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

BUS 254

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

BUS 272

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

BUS 303

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

BUS 312

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

BUS 316

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

BUS 336

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

BUS 343

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

BUS 360

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

BUS 374

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

416

87

329

33

5

28

439

103

336

465

108

357

215

934

332

602

1000

291

709

972

325

647

212

47

165

51

164

61

14

47

N Mean StdDev

212 3.22

0.756

52 2.84

0.675

106

305

1352

450

902

160

932

347

585

920

308

612

411

3.35

0.741

2.86

0.748

2.65

0.691

2.99

0.752

2.98

0.789

2.70

0.779

3.12

0.756

2.84

0.814

2.57

2.94

2.73

2.46

2.86

0.879

0.769

0.784

0.729

0.778

2.78

0.839

2.49

0.800

2.94

0.819

2.80

0.788

2.56

0.721

2.91

0.793

2.83

0.728

2.63

0.639

2.93

0.749

3.10

0.632

2.91

0.694

3.15

0.604

3.10

0.792

2.75

0.740

3.19 StdDev

3.20

0.565

3.27

0.724

3.19

0.548

3.03

0.778

2.69

0.823

3.13

0.735

3.09

0.698

2.95

0.724

3.14

0.685

2.88

0.496

2.83

0.454

2.89

0.509

3.20

0.600

2.81

0.903

3.32

0.423

188

139

49

22

19

3

193

142

51

179

136

43

118

92

26

29

27

2

217

173

44

365

291

74

255

211

44

110

86

24

18

346

286

60

470

377

93

176

129

47

354

281

73

N Mean StdDev Mean

46 2.85

0.677

0.38

Sig

0.001

28 2.80

0.637

0.04

0.782

2.93

0.746

2.68

0.709

2.62

0.694

2.95

0.723

2.76

0.748

2.70

0.736

3.01

0.749

2.41

0.928

0.42

0.18

0.000

1,278

0.03

0.04

0.033

0.622

0.710

0.11

0.201

0.44

0.000

N

258

80

178

633

645

0.21

0.000

1,390

0.00

0.941

685

705

587

2.31

0.898

2.66

0.969

0.25

0.030

0.28

0.066

235

352

2.53

0.718

0.20

0.000

1,706

2.49

0.742

-0.03

0.591

731

2.68

0.598

0.17

0.022

975

Mean

3.16

2.82

3.30

2.81

2.63

2.98

2.91

2.70

3.10

2.71

2.43

2.90

2.68

2.47

2.84

2.63

0.784

0.15

0.011

1,151

2.60

0.758

-0.11

0.123

505

2.71

0.882

2.50

0.702

0.23

0.31

0.106

0.000

646

1,365

2.47

0.693

2.63

0.729

2.65

0.621

2.62

0.624

2.83

0.578

2.91

0.602

3.12

0.693

2.83

0.647

2.79

0.639

2.95

0.665

2.82

0.560

2.80

0.535

3.04

0.330

3.00

0.000

0.09

0.28

0.18

0.01

0.32

0.110

0.003

0.000

0.852

0.10

0.281

0.18

0.012

2.92

0.580

-0.01

0.902

2.89

0.686

0.26

0.085

2.85

0.709

0.25

0.000

2.79

0.673

-0.04

0.684

3.02

0.786

3.01

0.739

0.17

0.19

0.161

0.319

2.91

0.719

0.35

0.365

3.67

0.577

-0.48

0.286

2.79

0.717

2.67

0.691

0.24

0.02

0.000

0.848

0.01

0.914

0.27

0.000

0.16

0.065

0.18

0.095

0.06

0.370

0.03

0.700

2.91

0.644

-0.02

0.893

0.16

0.117

3.05

0.342

-0.24

0.353

0.000

582

783

1,227

536

691

322

133

189

604

226

378

55

24

31

632

245

387

644

244

400

333

143

190

90

41

49

3.02

2.77

3.17

3.13

2.99

3.24

2.95

2.68

3.13

3.02

2.86

3.12

2.86

2.81

2.89

3.15

2.97

3.30

2.75

2.53

2.92

2.72

2.51

2.88

2.79

2.62

2.93

3.03

2.92

3.12

G2

Appendix G

Table G2. Comparative Summary of Course Grades (N>20):

BC Secondary School vs. BC College Transfer Students

BC12 BCCOL DIFFERENCE TOTAL

BUS

COURSE

381

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

BUS 393

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

BUS 478

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

CHEM 150

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

CHEM 155

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

CMNS 110

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

CRIM 101

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

ECON 105

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

ECON 210

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

ECON 290

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

ECON 291

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

ECON 301

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

ECON 305

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

ECON 325

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

ECON 342

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

N Mean StdDev

164 3.07

0.667

335

136

199

28

13

15

28

11

17

280

133

147

216

102

114

24

11

13

81

42

39

189

217

45

172

25

12

13

164

68

96

58

14

44

42

122

37

7

30

339

79

260

251

62

2.91

0.783

3.13

0.616

3.11

0.497

3.00

0.577

3.13

0.484

3.15

0.562

3.06

0.562

3.18

0.560

2.88

1.006

2.62

1.082

2.97

0.968

2.98

0.710

2.87

0.588

3.00

0.737

2.83

0.594

2.61

0.547

3.02

0.585

2.72

0.640

2.57

0.694

2.82

0.580

2.65

1.021

2.81

0.595

2.60

1.124

2.96

0.812

2.63

0.804

3.18

0.743

2.53

0.935

2.38

0.901

2.67

0.976

2.89

0.703

2.61

0.533

3.08

0.750

2.78

0.909

2.52

0.868

3.01

0.884

2.95

0.760

2.80

0.714

3.09

0.775

3.76

0.387

3.60

0.467

3.90

0.252

3.07

0.848

3.01

0.847

3.14

0.854

N Mean StdDev Mean

68 2.77

0.629

0.30

Sig

0.001

152

128

24

26

19

7

21

16

5

169

145

24

133

114

19

23

21

2

52

46

6

21

17

4

23

19

52

31

21

20

3

21

14

7

46

165

125

40

52

33

22

23

20

3

2.70

0.585

0.21

0.162

2.91

0.707

2.98

0.598

0.22

0.184

0.12

0.415

2.92

0.561

0.08

0.745

3.44

0.768

-0.31

0.558

3.07

0.639

3.06

0.636

3.09

0.658

2.61

1.034

2.53

1.037

0.08

0.00

0.09

0.27

0.09

0.149

0.992

0.407

0.086

0.698

2.74

1.045

2.67

0.706

2.68

0.561

2.67

0.895

0.23

0.368

0.30

0.007

0.19

0.161

0.34

0.109

3.03

0.586

-0.20

0.247

3.00

0.577

-0.39

0.077

3.17

0.695

-0.14

0.731

2.80

0.501

-0.08

0.501

2.78

0.511

-0.21

0.139

2.89

0.510

-0.06

0.848

2.60

0.750

2.52

0.748

0.05

0.29

0.825

0.272

2.76

0.786

-0.16

0.642

2.53

0.771

2.43

0.736

0.42

0.000

0.21

0.029

3.10

0.719

0.08

0.611

2.55

0.789

-0.02

0.947

2.61

0.819

-0.23

0.470

2.38

0.731

0.29

0.457

2.59

0.802

2.50

0.730

0.31

0.11

0.172

0.667

2.87

1.044

2.76

0.655

0.21

0.689

0.02

0.757

2.71

0.653

-0.19

0.043

3.04

0.601

-0.03

0.858

2.81

0.721

0.14

0.087

2.79

0.738

2.96

0.598

3.45

0.528

3.40

0.523

0.01

0.936

0.13

0.414

0.32

0.025

0.21

0.260

4.00

0.000

-0.10

0.165

2.94

0.688

0.13

0.327

2.90

0.688

0.11

0.509

3.28

0.648

-0.13

0.668

N Mean

232 2.98

487

264

223

54

32

22

49

27

22

449

278

171

349

216

133

47

32

15

133

88

45

208

269

76

193

46

29

17

187

88

99

79

28

51

88

144

60

27

33

504

204

300

303

95

2.82

2.53

3.17

2.54

2.52

2.57

2.76

2.54

3.03

2.77

2.62

3.02

2.90

2.79

3.07

3.61

3.47

3.91

3.02

2.95

3.16

2.94

2.92

2.79

2.97

2.92

2.84

3.06

2.73

2.62

2.82

2.64

2.67

2.62

2.80

3.09

3.06

2.94

3.16

3.13

3.06

3.17

2.83

2.59

G3

Appendix G

Table G2. Comparative Summary of Course Grades (N>20):

BC Secondary School vs. BC College Transfer Students

BC12 BCCOL DIFFERENCE TOTAL

COURSE

ECON 345

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

ECON 382

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

ECON 390

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

EDUC 220

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

EDUC 326

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

EDUC 472

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

ENGL 204

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

ENGL 312

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

GEOG 327

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

HIST 101

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

KIN 110

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

KIN 140

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

KIN 143

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

LING 100

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

LING 110

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

57

22

35

462

155

307

66

26

40

43

14

29

607

236

371

838

313

525

14

51

35

15

23

7

16

65

20

22

12

10

N Mean StdDev

186 2.89

0.922

68 2.64

0.871

118

48

33

15

58

37

21

373

164

209

118

56

62

3.04

0.921

2.84

0.766

2.79

0.753

2.95

0.806

3.07

0.645

3.04

0.663

3.11

0.626

2.71

0.977

2.52

2.86

3.37

3.26

3.47

0.959

0.968

0.621

0.735

0.481

3.62

0.623

3.76

0.418

3.56

0.697

3.30

0.684

3.00

0.961

3.38

0.572

3.28

0.539

2.93

0.402

3.53

0.489

3.41

0.712

3.31

0.858

3.53

0.502

3.29

0.932

3.09

1.019

3.42

0.864

3.21

0.913

2.95

0.861

3.34

0.914

3.17

0.692

2.86

0.772

3.37

0.556

3.01

0.848

2.90

0.909

3.07

0.828

3.19

0.619

3.02

0.630

3.31

0.586

3.13

0.723

2.91

0.805

3.26

0.634

21

14

7

138

110

28

21

19

2

21

14

7

237

207

30

313

263

50

17

9

21

14

27

19

8

26

7

26

22

4

N Mean StdDev Mean

104 2.74

0.786

0.16

Sig

0.131

91 2.69

0.768

-0.05

0.699

50

44

6

188

13

28

25

3

163

25

83

71

12

3.08

0.863

-0.04

0.884

2.57

0.972

2.55

0.980

2.78

1.072

0.27

0.24

0.18

0.217

0.314

0.806

3.11

0.790

-0.04

0.792

3.07

0.799

-0.02

0.891

3.39

0.713

-0.28

0.414

2.69

0.880

0.02

0.802

2.60

0.829

-0.08

0.402

3.27

0.995

-0.41

0.062

3.59

0.470

-0.22

0.005

3.56

0.475

-0.30

0.010

3.78

0.411

-0.31

0.033

3.54

0.490

3.49

0.463

3.67

0.563

-0.10

0.702

2.96

0.824

0.34

0.386

2.78

0.865

3.30

0.655

3.09

0.851

2.83

0.913

3.16

0.642

3.27

0.542

0.08

0.619

0.27

0.181

0.22

0.09

0.18

0.10

0.04

0.521

0.710

0.069

0.709

3.62

0.358

-0.08

0.636

3.24

0.486

0.17

0.362

3.17

0.434

0.14

0.608

3.67

0.608

-0.13

0.717

3.13

0.654

2.98

0.672

0.17

0.385

0.11

0.686

3.43

0.535

-0.01

0.968

3.10

0.767

0.11

0.176

3.04

0.734

-0.09

0.360

3.33

0.861

0.00

0.982

2.95

0.590

0.22

0.163

2.89

0.568

-0.04

0.859

3.50

0.707

-0.13

0.843

2.89

0.694

0.13

0.526

2.62

0.611

0.29

0.338

3.43

0.534

-0.36

0.179

0.03

0.522

3.15

0.655

-0.13

0.035

0.689

31

60

56

29

50

26

24

91

27

48

34

14

78

36

42

600

265

335

87

45

42

64

28

36

844

443

401

3.10

0.637

0.03

0.508

1,151

3.07

0.642

-0.16

0.009

576

3.28

0.585

-0.02

0.831

575

N Mean

290 2.84

159 2.67

131

76

58

18

108

81

27

561

327

234

201

127

74

3.04

2.74

2.68

2.93

3.09

3.06

3.17

2.70

2.56

2.90

3.46

3.43

3.52

3.25

3.05

3.42

3.18

2.99

3.34

3.12

2.87

3.38

2.97

2.76

3.14

3.19

3.08

3.30

3.12

2.98

3.26

3.58

3.56

3.60

3.20

2.88

3.37

3.21

2.88

3.55

3.32

3.22

3.57

G4

Appendix G

Table G2. Comparative Summary of Course Grades (N>20):

BC Secondary School vs. BC College Transfer Students

BC12 BCCOL DIFFERENCE TOTAL

COURSE

LING 220

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

MACM 101

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

PHIL 001

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

POL 100

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

PSYC 201

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

PSYC 221

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

PSYC 241

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

PSYC 250

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

PSYC 260

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

PSYC 270

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

PSYC 302

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

PSYC 306

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

PSYC 307

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

PSYC 345

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

PSYC 355

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

14

18

25

11

72

28

44

32

14

21

8

13

86

32

54

31

17

14

194

83

111

97

39

58

180

78

102

46

20

26

N Mean StdDev

131 2.93

0.959

54 2.77

0.908

107

43

64

31

77

48

6

42

17

14

339

154

185

3.04

0.984

2.73

0.827

2.00

1.095

2.83

0.741

2.88

0.943

2.51

0.927

3.13

0.876

2.63

0.871

2.65

2.62

2.91

2.75

3.04

1.057

0.611

0.840

0.816

0.839

3.01

0.812

2.71

0.811

3.23

0.743

2.92

0.822

2.67

0.800

3.09

0.801

3.04

0.705

2.89

0.655

3.15

0.723

3.04

0.965

2.50

1.084

3.46

0.605

2.96

0.753

2.83

0.639

3.04

0.814

3.18

0.767

3.00

0.716

3.31

0.796

3.08

0.722

3.03

0.641

3.12

0.802

2.90

0.996

2.50

0.534

3.15

1.144

3.03

0.900

2.84

0.908

3.15

0.885

3.01

0.791

3.00

0.736

3.02

0.882

29

2

21

16

45

36

9

31

5

21

16

5

47

42

5

23

17

6

136

112

24

52

40

12

125

111

14

27

22

5

54

42

12

24

13

25

10

15

20

4

218

169

49

N Mean StdDev Mean

63 2.93

0.870

0.00

Sig

1.000

50 2.86

0.765

-0.09

0.591

3.20

1.190

-0.16

0.650

2.84

0.913

-0.11

0.614

2.67

0.648

-0.67

0.217

2.95

1.060

-0.12

0.685

2.81

0.841

0.07

0.651

2.73

0.752

-0.22

0.235

3.11

1.086

0.02

0.957

3.00

0.851

-0.37

0.124

2.98

0.875

-0.34

0.306

3.08

0.833

-0.46

0.359

2.65

0.912

2.49

0.867

0.26

0.26

0.001

0.007

3.20

0.858

-0.16

0.259

2.60

0.783

2.48

0.738

3.14

0.779

2.72

0.791

2.76

0.964

2.65

0.543

2.69

0.991

2.59

0.997

3.00

0.816

2.92

0.917

0.41

0.000

0.23

0.044

0.09

0.611

0.20

0.157

2.59

0.804

0.08

0.646

3.17

0.578

-0.08

0.688

2.77

0.612

2.78

0.559

0.26

0.12

0.001

0.209

0.39

0.164

0.39

0.030

2.60

0.551

-0.11

0.698

2.86

0.506

0.60

0.055

2.69

0.957

2.51

0.907

0.27

0.114

0.32

0.099

3.41

0.846

-0.37

0.253

2.69

0.865

0.49

0.021

2.63

0.856

0.37

0.150

3.50

0.707

-0.19

0.775

2.59

0.822

2.56

0.814

0.49

0.47

0.039

0.109

2.67

0.942

0.45

0.375

3.13

1.030

-0.22

0.480

3.06

1.124

-0.56

0.110

3.33

0.708

-0.18

0.697

0.35

0.050

0.25

0.268

3.47

0.506

-0.32

0.257

0.01

0.08

0.964

0.787

3.22

0.404

-0.20

0.498

117

64

53

63

43

20

46

27

19

42

24

18

133

74

59

54

34

20

330

195

135

149

79

70

305

189

116

73

42

31

N Mean

194 2.93

104 2.81

161

85

76

55

90

73

16

57

37

18

557

323

234

3.07

2.77

2.42

2.86

2.86

2.62

3.13

2.79

2.83

2.72

2.81

2.61

3.07

2.85

2.65

3.10

2.94

2.75

3.33

2.85

2.75

3.00

3.01

2.87

3.20

2.91

2.70

3.17

3.01

2.96

3.08

2.84

2.58

3.21

2.85

2.63

3.10

2.93

2.82

3.11

2.90

2.55

3.36

G5

Appendix G

Table G2. Comparative Summary of Course Grades (N>20):

BC Secondary School vs. BC College Transfer Students

BC12 BCCOL DIFFERENCE TOTAL

COURSE

PSYC 356

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

PSYC 357

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

PSYC 369

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

PSYC 385

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

STAT 301

Lower HS Achievers

Upper HS Achievers

91

45

46

124

12

35

17

18

50

74

402

82

320

N Mean StdDev

25 2.96

1.046

13 2.82

0.977

3.11

1.140

2.83

1.004

2.84

0.958

2.81

1.074

3.06

0.975

3.07

0.838

3.05

1.102

3.21

0.833

3.06

3.31

3.16

2.82

3.25

0.749

0.875

0.689

0.681

0.664

75

65

10

77

8

26

20

6

60

17

78

52

26

N Mean StdDev Mean

26 3.02

0.914

-0.07

Sig

0.811

18 2.85

0.931

-0.03

0.929

3.42

0.791

-0.31

0.486

3.27

0.626

-0.44

0.039

3.15

0.616

-0.31

0.266

3.67

0.516

-0.85

0.018

2.86

0.826

2.75

0.808

3.60

0.516

-0.55

0.023

2.92

0.802

2.83

3.23

2.91

2.77

3.19

0.709

1.033

0.765

0.731

0.767

0.20

0.155

0.33

0.045

0.29

0.016

0.23

0.109

0.08

0.782

0.25

0.008

0.05

0.704

0.06

0.710

N Mean

51 2.99

31 2.84

166

110

56

201

20

61

37

24

110

91

2.94

3.30

480 3.12

134 2.7975

346 3.2446

3.23

3.02

3.01

3.03

2.97

2.88

3.15

3.10

G6

Crs

BUS

EDUC

BICH

BUEC

Appendix G

Num Data

207 Avg Grade

237

N

Avg Grade

N

251

254

272

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

303

312

316

336

343

360

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

374

381

393

478

220

326

472

221

232

333

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Table G3. Comparison of Average Course Grades in Selected SFU Courses, by High School Average

For Students Who Completed Secondary School from 1992 to 1996 and Admitted to SFU

BC Direct-Entry Secondary School Students versus College Transfer Students

Average High School Grade

<= 50 51 to 60 61 to 70 71 to 80 81 to 90 91 to 100 TOTAL

BC12 BCCOL BC12 BCCOL BC12 BCCOL BC12 BCCOL BC12 BCCOL BC12 BCCOL BC12 BCCOL

3.00

1

1.00

1

2.00

1

3.00

1

2.33

1

4.00

1

4.00

1

2.00

1

2.33

1

2.47

5

2.55

3

2.20

5

2.13

5

2.67

2

3.00

2

2.00

1

2.00

1

2.00

1

3.00

1

3.17

2

2.07

5

3.00

1

2.48

9

2.63

10

2.13

5

2.31

18

2.52

9

2.43

7

2.50

10

3.00

1

4.00

1

3.00

2

2.33

3

3.00

1

2.29

7

3.11

3

4.00

1

2.74

13

2.31

13

2.35

17

2.25

55

2.49

30

2.29

42

2.51

37

2.82

11

2.52

18

3.17

2

2.56

23

2.63

21

2.69

15

2.80

5

2.83

6

3.19

16

2.45

25

3.72

12

3.00

1

2.40

60

2.58

72

2.64

30

2.37

148

2.38

116

2.42

83

2.58

97

2.98

14

2.83

25

2.63

27

2.92

32

2.71

16

3.17

4

2.88

11

2.67

3

2.98

19

2.56

67

3.19

24

3.78

3

2.69

14

2.51

113

2.66

108

2.35

75

2.48

146

2.55

89

2.44

154

2.57

99

2.92

43

2.77

65

2.87

10

2.60

73

2.78

66

2.86

49

3.05

13

2.67

29

2.86

14

3.10

60

2.60

90

3.54

43

3.69

12

2.73

15

2.57

138

2.70

187

2.65

173

2.58

653

2.65

446

2.63

456

2.75

491

3.01

86

2.78

166

3.03

10

2.81

185

3.02

188

2.91

86

2.94

22

3.09

77

3.15

16

3.12

147

2.58

191

3.36

65

3.52

9

3.12

85

2.72

477

2.86

433

2.23

58

2.68

116

2.67

79

2.58

128

2.80

94

2.91

40

2.92

81

3.13

10

2.93

69

2.91

67

2.81

36

3.15

11

2.82

22

3.28

6

3.04

68

2.87

58

3.59

23

3.37

10

2.84

27

2.86

108

2.82

157

3.01

181

2.97

482

3.00

320

3.00

405

2.96

336

3.16

102

3.30

193

3.27

20

3.21

201

3.13

212

2.86

101

3.36

31

3.00

65

2.83

12

3.18

157

2.95

97

3.57

25

3.63

10

3.24

93

3.16

299

3.21

327

2.99

26

2.74

32

3.08

16

2.75

36

2.72

20

3.02

14

3.08

22

3.17

27

2.93

24

2.90

17

2.91

11

3.00

2

2.96

19

3.30

9

3.58

4

3.89

3

3.33

4

3.13

31

3.18

44

3.33

22

3.43

50

3.61

42

3.58

48

3.47

37

3.44

9

3.78

30

3.00

2

3.65

24

3.57

30

2.94

12

3.55

3

3.57

11

3.78

6

3.38

15

3.88

11

4.00

1

3.92

20

3.52

29

3.41

38

3.33

1

4.00

1

2.15

411

1.96

1352

1.99

934

2.06

1000

1.95

972

2.30

212

2.39

416

2.68

33

2.27

439

2.28

465

2.12

215

2.55

61

2.11

164

2.26

37

2.25

339

1.90

373

2.10

118

2.79

23

2.39

212

1.98

932

2.10

920

188

2.91

83

2.79

27

1.83

46

2.10

68

2.53

23

2.25

165

2.12

179

2.29

118

2.34

29

2.22

188

2.19

22

2.11

193

2.13

365

2.00

255

2.25

110

2.04

2.01

176

1.99

354

2.03

217

1.95

346

2.16

470

G7

Crs

CHEM

CMNS

CRIM

ECON

ENGL

GEOG

HIST

KIN

LING

Num Data

150 Avg Grade

155

N

Avg Grade

N

110

101

105

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

210

290

291

301

305

325

342

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

345

382

390

204

312

327

101

110

140

143

100

110

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Appendix G

<= 50 51 to 60 61 to 70 71 to 80 81 to 90 91 to 100 TOTAL

BC12 BCCOL BC12 BCCOL BC12 BCCOL BC12 BCCOL BC12 BCCOL BC12 BCCOL BC12 BCCOL

2.33

2.33

2.59

2.37

2.66

2.63

2.99

3.17

3.61

2.21

2.09

1

3.00

1

4

2.75

4

18

2.81

14

20

2.76

18

103

2.83

83

18

2.72

18

106

2.98

96

10

2.44

12

23

3.61

23

251

2.29

217

52

2.13

52

2.33

1

2.33

1

2.78

3

2.83

4

3.17

2

2.46

8

2.53

28

2.67

6

3.03

11

2.66

9

2.44

6

3.03

10

2.65

81

2.45

26

3.11

3

2.89

9

2.64

12

3.07

5

2.86

47

2.47

20

3.17

4

3.00

1

2.00

1

3.00

1

3.38

7

4.11

6

2.13

25

1.92

164

2.04

58

2.88

21

2.18

23

1.79

21

4.00

1

3.00

1

3.33

1

4.00

1

4.00

1

2.89

3

2.00

1

3.00

2

2.67

3

3.00

1

2.33

1

1.50

2

3.00

1

3.00

1

2.67

3

3.33

1

3.22

3

2.78

6

2.33

6

2.44

6

2.53

5

3.50

2

2.83

4

2.00

3

2.50

2

2.55

3

3.00

1

2.97

11

2.78

12

2.19

35

2.17

6

2.75

4

2.54

40

2.77

32

3.44

6

3.17

8

2.65

17

2.59

9

2.79

13

2.50

2

3.00

3

2.78

6

2.85

18

2.97

53

2.91

68

2.57

47

2.78

6

2.50

2

2.45

47

2.74

34

3.78

6

2.92

13

2.51

26

2.43

10

3.07

15

2.75

8

2.79

8

3.00

1

3.04

9

2.83

61

2.89

6

2.80

5

2.97

94

2.81

108

2.38

63

2.75

8

2.22

6

2.67

67

2.74

56

3.67

8

2.83

24

2.68

49

2.54

11

3.02

17

2.83

12

2.92

9

3.18

15

3.13

5

2.93

56

2.69

12

2.37

8

3.16

114

3.13

131

2.82

162

2.09

11

2.63

17

2.64

152

2.94

117

3.67

13

3.03

49

2.81

93

3.02

31

3.05

35

3.29

24

3.27

15

3.45

17

3.32

31

3.10

199

3.01

35

3.01

22

3.14

300

3.06

416

2.88

44

2.53

10

2.44

9

2.98

57

2.97

39

3.17

8

2.96

18

2.79

34

2.58

8

3.41

18

3.17

12

3.54

8

3.27

5

3.33

7

3.28

49

3.33

8

3.04

8

3.32

56

3.17

86

3.27

111

2.59

9

3.48

7

3.26

67

3.04

53

4.00

5

3.25

17

3.14

58

3.08

4

3.27

5

3.37

29

3.53

10

3.33

4

3.31

16

3.42

177

3.40

21

2.98

14

3.36

188

3.29

268

3.28

7

4.00

1

4.00

2

3.33

3

2.78

3

4.00

1

3.33

1

3.33

4

4.00

1

11

3.00

1

3.50

4

3.24

3.67

2

4.17

2

3.50

2

3.70

11

3.30

21

4.00

8

4.00

2

4.00

1

3.76

7

3.83

6

3.58

4

4.00

1

4.00

4

4.00

2

4.33

1

3.67

22

4.11

3

3.83

2

3.83

14

3.80

34

3.00

1

4.00

1

2.51

65

2.40

35

1.67

22

2.00

186

1.60

48

1.89

58

1.90

280

1.92

216

2.47

24

1.88

81

2.08

335

2.18

28

2.00

28

2.09

57

2.31

462

2.15

66

2.05

43

2.14

607

2.11

838

2.08

26

2.29

21

2.93

26

2.18

104

2.21

28

2.31

50

2.11

169

2.26

133

2.83

23

2.32

52

2.01

152

2.06

26

2.08

21

2.25

21

2.63

237

2.52

313

2.51

21

2.32

138

2.22

21

G8

Appendix G

Crs

LING

MACM

PHIL

POL

PSYC

STAT

Total Avg Grade

Total N

Num Data

220 Avg Grade

101

N

Avg Grade

N

1

100

201

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

221

241

250

260

270

302

306

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

307

345

355

356

357

369

385

301

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

Avg Grade

N

<= 50 51 to 60 61 to 70 71 to 80 81 to 90 91 to 100 TOTAL

BC12 BCCOL BC12 BCCOL BC12 BCCOL BC12 BCCOL BC12 BCCOL BC12 BCCOL BC12 BCCOL

2.67

3

1.75

4

2.49

15

3.00

2.78

21

2.50

3.04

22

2.72

2.91

64

2.40

2.75

15

2.53

3.05

36

2.96

3.86

7

2.87

3.72

6

3.50

4.00

1

4.00

2.02

131

2.08

2.56

63

2.33

3.33

3

1.67

2

2.50

1

2.36

13

2.40

2

1.94

11

2.62

6

2.73

21

3.05

24

2.84

55

2.62

10

2.83

12

3.47

16

3.19

34

2.72

5

4.00

4

3.00

6

3.73

5

3

4.00

1

48

1.96

107

1.88

25

2.46

54

2.63

2.00

3

2.00

1

2.00

2

1.67

5

3.00

1

5

2.24

28

2.24

22

2.19

7

2.73

61

2.77

28

2.53

12

2.56

87

2.53

63

2.64

16

2.87

157

2.80

95

2.84

5

2.73

82

2.62

37

2.92

6

3.09

107

3.31

60

3.23

2

3.45

17

3.50

12

3.17

3.18

9

3.87

10

3.27

4.00

1

4.00

1

4.00

1

31

2.05

339

2.14

194

1.98

24

2.01

218

2.18

136

2.15

1

2.47

5

3.00

1

0.00

1

2.33

1

2.33

1

7

2.65

20

2.13

5

2.39

6

2.61

15

2.78

33

1.71

8

2.71

8

2.96

22

2.77

61

2.74

14

2.45

23

2.62

51

2.98

89

3.14

22

2.91

39

2.97

17

2.84

34

2.75

4

3.18

9

3.08

26

3.31

50

3.64

14

2.97

21

3.53

4

3.20

5

2.89

3

3.47

5

3.00

5

3.14

7

4.00

1

3.83

4

4.33

1

97

2.08

180

2.09

46

1.96

72

2.59

52

2.30

125

2.50

27

2.32

45

2.52

2.00

1

2.00

1

3.00

1

4.00

1

10

2.78

3

2.00

1

2.60

12

1.75

4

2.11

3

2.60

9

2.66

3

2.55

3

2.78

15

2.83

4

3.22

3

2.58

14

2.53

5

3.53

10

2.35

18

3.04

9

2.95

14

3.54

11

3.17

16

2.86

12

2.95

43

2.96

19

2.93

15

2.95

4

2.73

10

2.83

6

3.00

16

3.15

9

3.00

7

3.24

12

2.87

5

3.17

6

3.29

26

3.09

7

3.00

6

2.79

1

3.67

2

3.50

2

4.00

2

3.00

1

3.58

4

4.00

4.00

1

4.00

1

2.33

1

32

1.82

25

1.98

21

2.10

86

1.90

31

1.92

25

1.86

3.00

14

2.33

1

2.52

102

3.00

1

2.17

2

2.52

174

5

2.76

11

2.88

14

2.52

7

2.59

997

8

3.09

14

2.84

15

2.79

22

2.65

1,824

8

2.71

37

2.89

30

2.84

32

2.73

2,713

19

2.95

56

3.22

63

2.92

162

2.83

7,532

11

3.00

21

2.87

25

2.99

27

2.87

2,173

8

3.30

20

3.32

45

3.30

171

3.13

5,682

2

3.50

6

3.33

6

3.14

12

3.12

568

4.33

1

3.73

45

3.60

713

Notes:

1. Includes courses where the number of students from college and high school combined completed the course is 20 or more.

2. Average high school grade per student is the average of provincial exam scores in English 12 plus three other examinable courses with the highest grades.

4.00

1

35

1.90

91

2.11

124

2.39

3.90

402

2.08

14 15939

26

2.34

75

2.35

77

2.26

78

2.17

6567

47

2.30

23

2.60

26

2.45

31

1.89

21

2.74

21

2.07

G9

Appendix H

4.33

CGPA of Degree Completers on Last 60 SFU Credits

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

4.00

3.67

3.33

3.00

2.67

2.33

2.00

1.67

35 40 45 50 55

Note: Line chart data points suppressed if n < 5 at specific high school grade.

60 65 70

High School Average

75

# Degree Completers BCCOL

# Degree Completers BC12

CGPA on Last 60 SFU Credits BCCOL

CGPA on Last 60 SFU Credits BC12

80 85 90 95

20

100

0

60

40

100

80

160

140

120

H1

Appendix H

4.33

2.67

2.33

3.33

3.00

4.00

3.67

CGPA of BA Completers on Last 60 SFU Credits

2.00

1.67

35

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

40 45 50 55 60 65 70

High School Average

75

# BA Completers BCCOL

# BA Completers BC12

CGPA on Last 60 SFU Credits BCCOL

CGPA on Last 60 SFU Credits BC12

80 85 90 95

60

50

40

30

100

0

20

10

90

80

70

H2

Appendix H

CGPA of BBA Completers on Last 60 SFU Credits

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

3.50

3.00

2.50

2.00

1.50

1.00

0.50

0.00

40 - 49 50 - 59 60 - 69

High School Average

70 - 79

# Students BC12

# Students BCCOL

CGPA on Last 60 SFU Credits BC12

CGPA on Last 60 SFU Credits BCCOL

80 - 89 Total

250

200

150

100

50

0

H3

Appendix H

1.00

0.50

0.00

3.50

3.00

2.50

2.00

1.50

CGPA of BSC Completers on Last 60 SFU Credits

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

4.00

40 - 49 50 - 59

# Students BC12

# Students BCCOL

CGPA on Last 60 SFU Credits BC12

CGPA on Last 60 SFU Credits BCCOL

60 - 69 70 - 79

High School Average

80 - 89 90 - 100 Total

350

300

250

200

150

100

50

0

H4

Appendix H

CGPA of BSC (Kines) Completers on Last 60 SFU Credits

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

4.00

3.50

3.00

2.50

2.00

1.50

1.00

0.50

0.00

40 - 49 50 - 59 60 - 69

High School Average

70 - 79

# Students BC12

# Students BCCOL

CGPA on Last 60 SFU Credits BC12

CGPA on Last 60 SFU Credits BCCOL

80 - 100 Total

80

70

60

100

90

30

20

10

50

40

0

H5

Appendix H

80%

70%

60%

50%

40%

30%

20%

10%

0%

Bachelor's Degree Completion Rate by

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

# Students BC12

Degree Comp Rate BC12

100%

*Includes students who graduated from high school in 1995 or 1996 only and completed at least 30 Credits in total (SFU+Tfr).

90%

40-49 50-59 60-69 70-79

High School Average

80-89 90-100

# Students BCCOL

Degree Comp Rate BCCOL

1400

Total

1200

1000

800

600

400

200

0

H6

Appendix H

7-Year Degree Completion Rate by

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

100%

90%

80%

70%

60%

50%

40%

30%

20%

10%

0%

# Students BC12

# Students BCCOL

7-Yr Deg Comp Rate BC12

7-Yr Deg Comp Rate BCCOL

*Includes students who graduated from high school in

1995 only and completed at least 30 Credits in total

(SFU+Tfr).

30-49

0

9

56%

50-59

11

57

64%

65%

60-69 70-79

156

176

66%

72%

557

154

69%

78%

High School Average

80-100

564

55

77%

73%

Total

1,288

451

72%

73%

100

0

600

500

400

300

200

H7

Appendix H

60%

50%

40%

30%

20%

10%

0%

University Failure Rate (All Students) by

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

40-49 50-59 60-69 70-79

High School Average

# Students BC12

Univ Failure Rate BC12

80-89 90-100

# Students BCCOL

Univ Failure Rate BCCOL

3500

3000

2500

2000

500

0

1500

1000

Total

H8

Appendix H

60%

University Failure Rate (After 30 Total CrHrs) by

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

Only includes students who have completed 30 or more credits in total (SFU + Tfr).

50%

40%

30%

20%

10%

0%

40-49 50-59 60-69 70-79

High School Average

# Students BC12

Univ Failure Rate BC12

80-89 90-100

# Students BCCOL

Univ Failure Rate BCCOL

3000

2500

2000

1500

1000

500

Total

0

H9

Appendix H

12%

10%

8%

6%

4%

2%

0%

Early Leaver Rate (Completed <= 15 SFU Credits) by High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

16%

14%

40-59 60-69 70-79 80-89

High School Average

# Students BC12

Early Leaver Rate BC12

90-100

# Students BCCOL

Early Leaver Rate BCCOL

3500

3000

2500

2000

500

0

1500

1000

Total

H10

Appendix I

4.50

Mean Course Grades in ALL Courses by

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

4.00

3.50

3.00

1.50

1.00

0.50

2.50

2.00

0.00

35 40 45 50 55

Note: Line chart data points suppressed if n < 5 at specific high school grade.

60 65 70

High School Average

75 80 85 90 95 100

0

12000

10000

8000

6000

4000

2000

I1

Appendix I

5.00

Mean Course Grades in 100-Level Courses by

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

4.50

4.00

3.50

3.00

2.50

2.00

1.50

1.00

0.50

0.00

35 40 45 50 55

Note: Line chart data points suppressed if n < 5 at specific high school grade.

60 65 70

High School Average

75 80 85 90 95

4000

3500

100

0

1000

500

3000

2500

2000

1500

I2

Appendix I

4.50

Mean Course Grades in 200-Level Courses by

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

4.00

3.50

3.00

2.50

2.00

1.50

1.00

0.50

0.00

35 40 45 50 55

Note: Line chart data points suppressed if n < 5 at specific high school grade.

60 65 70

High School Average

75 80

2500

2000

1500

1000

500

85 90 95 100

0

I3

Appendix I

4.50

Mean Course Grades in 300-Level Courses by

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

4.00

3.50

3.00

2.50

2.00

1.50

1.00

0.50

0.00

35 40 45 50 55

Note: Line chart data points suppressed if n < 5 at specific high school grade.

60 65 70

High School Average

75 80 85 90

2000

1500

95 100

0

1000

500

3500

3000

2500

I4

Appendix I

5.00

Mean Course Grades in 400-Level Courses by

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

4.50

4.00

3.50

3.00

2.50

2.00

1.50

1.00

0.50

0.00

35 40 45 50 55

Note: Line chart data points suppressed if n < 5 at specific high school grade.

60 65 70

High School Average

75 80

1200

1000

800

600

400

200

85 90 95 100

0

I5

Appendix I

Mean Course Grades in 200, 300, 400 Level Courses by

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

4.50

4.00

3.50

3.00

2.50

2.00

1.50

1.00

0.50

0.00

35 40 45 50 55

Note: Line chart data points suppressed if n < 5 at specific high school grade.

60 65 70

High School Average

75 80 85 90 95 100

0

2000

1000

7000

6000

5000

4000

3000

I6

Appendix I

% of A Grades Awarded in All Courses by

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

120.0%

100.0%

# Grades BC12

% A Grades BC12

# Grades BCCOL

% A Grades BCCOL

12000

10000

80.0%

60.0%

40.0%

20.0% 2000

0.0%

35 40 45 50 55

Note: Line chart data points suppressed if n < 5 at specific high school grade.

60 65 70

High School Average

75 80 85 90 95 100

0

8000

6000

4000

I7

Appendix I

70.0%

% of B Grades Awarded in All Courses by

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

# Grades BC12

% B Grades BC12

# Grades BCCOL

% B Grades BCCOL

12000

60.0%

50.0%

10000

8000

40.0%

30.0%

20.0%

10.0%

0.0%

35 40 45 50 55

Note: Line chart data points suppressed if n < 5 at specific high school grade.

60 65 70

High School Average

75

6000

4000

2000

80 85 90 95 100

0

I8

Appendix I

70.0%

% of C Grades Awarded in All Courses by

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

# Grades BC12

% C Grades BC12

# Grades BCCOL

% C Grades BCCOL

12000

60.0%

50.0%

10000

8000

40.0%

30.0%

20.0%

10.0%

0.0%

35 40 45 50 55

Note: Line chart data points suppressed if n < 5 at specific high school grade.

60 65 70

High School Average

75

6000

4000

2000

80 85 90 95 100

0

I9

Appendix I es

% of D,F,N Grades Awarded in All Courses by

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

45.0%

40.0%

# Grades BC12

% D,F,N Grades BC12

35.0%

30.0%

25.0%

20.0%

15.0%

10.0%

5.0%

0.0%

35 40 45 50 55

Note: Line chart data points suppressed if n < 5 at specific high school grade.

60 65 70

High School Average

75 80 85

# Grades BCCOL

% D,F,N Grades BCCOL

12000

10000

8000

6000

4000

2000

90 95 100

0

I10

Appendix I

SFU Course Failure Rates in All Courses by

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

12.0%

10.0%

# Grades BC12

% Failed Courses BC12

# Grades BCCOL

% Failed Courses BCCOL

12000

10000

8.0%

6.0%

4.0%

2.0% 2000

0.0%

35 40 45 50 55

Note: Line chart data points suppressed if n < 5 at specific high school grade.

60 65 70

High School Average

75 80 85 90 95 100

0

8000

6000

4000

I11

Appendix I

SFU Course Failure Rates in 100-Level Courses by

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

25.0%

20.0%

15.0%

10.0%

5.0%

0.0%

35 40 45 50 55

Note: Line chart data points suppressed if n < 5 at specific high school grade.

60 65 70

High School Average

# Grades BC12

% Failed Courses BC12

75 80 85

# Grades BCCOL

% Failed Courses BCCOL

4000

3500

90 95 100

0

1000

500

3000

2500

2000

1500

I12

Appendix I

SFU Course Failure Rates in 200, 300, 400-Level Courses by

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

16.0%

14.0%

12.0%

10.0%

8.0%

6.0%

4.0%

2.0%

0.0%

35 40 45 50 55

Note: Line chart data points suppressed if n < 5 at specific high school grade.

60 65 70

High School Average

75

# Grades BC12

% Failed Courses BC12

80 85 90

# Grades BCCOL

% Failed Courses BCCOL

7000

95

6000

5000

4000

3000

2000

1000

100

0

I13

Appendix I

% Unsatisfactory SFU Course Grades in All Courses by

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

70.0%

# Grades BC12

% Unsat. Grades BC12

# Grades BCCOL

% Unsat. Grades BCCOL

12000

60.0%

50.0%

10000

8000

40.0%

30.0%

20.0%

10.0%

0.0%

35 40 45 50 55

Note: Line chart data points suppressed if n < 5 at specific high school grade.

60 65 70

High School Average

75

6000

4000

2000

80 85 90 95 100

0

I14

Appendix I

% Unsatisfactory Grades in 100-Level SFU Courses by

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

45.0%

40.0%

# Grades BC12

% Unsat. Grades BC12

35.0%

30.0%

25.0%

20.0%

15.0%

10.0%

5.0%

0.0%

35 40 45 50 55

Note: Line chart data points suppressed if n < 5 at specific high school grade.

60 65 70

High School Average

75 80 85

# Grades BCCOL

% Unsat. Grades BCCOL

4000

3500

90 95 100

0

1000

500

3000

2500

2000

1500

I15

Appendix I

% Unsatisfactory Grades in 200, 300, 400-Level SFU Courses by

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

60.0%

50.0%

40.0%

30.0%

20.0%

10.0%

# Grades BC12

% Unsat. Grades BC12

0.0%

35 40 45 50 55

Note: Line chart data points suppressed if n < 5 at specific high school grade.

60 65 70

High School Average

75 80 85 90

# Grades BCCOL

% Unsat. Grades BCCOL

7000

6000

5000

4000

3000

95 100

0

2000

1000

I16

Appendix I

4.00

Mean BUEC 232 Course Grades by

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

3.50

3.00

2.50

2.00

1.50

1.00

0.50

0.00

35 40 45 50 55

Note: Line chart data points suppressed if n < 5 at specific high school grade.

60 65 70

High School Average

75 80 85 90 95 100

0

20

10

40

30

70

60

50

I17

Appendix I

4.50

Mean BUEC 333 Course Grades by

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

4.00

3.50

3.00

2.50

2.00

1.50

1.00

0.50

0.00

35 40 45 50 55

Note: Line chart data points suppressed if n < 5 at specific high school grade.

60 65 70

High School Average

75 80 85 90 95

40

30

60

50

100

0

20

10

80

70

I18

Appendix I

4.00

Mean LING 110 Course Grades by

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

3.50

3.00

2.50

2.00

1.50

1.00

0.50

0.00

35 40 45 50 55

Note: Line chart data points suppressed if n < 5 at specific high school grade.

60 65 70

High School Average

75 80 85 90 95 100

0

60

50

40

30

20

10

I19

Appendix I

4.00

Mean ECON 301 Course Grades by

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

3.50

3.00

2.50

2.00

1.50

1.00

0.50

0.00

35 40 45 50 55

Note: Line chart data points suppressed if n < 5 at specific high school grade.

60 65 70

High School Average

75 80 85 90 95 100

0

10

5

20

15

35

30

25

I20

Appendix I

3.50

Mean EDUC 220 Course Grades by

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

3.00

2.50

2.00

1.50

1.00

0.50

0.00

35 40 45 50 55

Note: Line chart data points suppressed if n < 5 at specific high school grade.

60 65 70

High School Average

75 80 85 90 95

40

35

30

25

20

15

100

0

10

5

I21

Appendix I

4.00

Mean KIN 110 Course Grades by

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

3.50

3.00

2.50

2.00

1.50

1.00

0.50

0.00

35 40 45 50 55

Note: Line chart data points suppressed if n < 5 at specific high school grade.

60 65 70

High School Average

75 80 85 90 95 100

0

10

5

20

15

35

30

25

I22

Appendix I

4.50

Mean PSYC 201 Course Grades by

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

4.00

3.50

3.00

2.50

2.00

1.50

1.00

0.50

0.00

35 40 45 50 55

Note: Line chart data points suppressed if n < 5 at specific high school grade.

60 65 70

High School Average

75 80 85 90 95 100

0

20

10

40

30

70

60

50

I23

Appendix I

4.50

Mean STAT 301 Course Grades by

High School Average Grade (BC12 vs. BCCOL)

4.00

3.50

3.00

2.50

2.00

1.50

1.00

0.50

0.00

35 40 45 50 55

Note: Line chart data points suppressed if n < 5 at specific high school grade.

60 65 70

High School Average

75

12000

10000

8000

6000

4000

2000

80 85 90 95 100

0

I24

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