max5922.pdf

max5922.pdf
19-2708; Rev 0; 4/03
+48V, Single-Port Network Power Switch
For Power-Over-LAN
The MAX5922 features a programmable undervoltage
lockout (UVLO) that keeps the device in shutdown until
the input voltage exceeds a certain threshold, set to 38V
(MAX5922A) or 28V (MAX5922B/C) internally. After successfully discovering and classifying a PD, the MAX5922
enters startup mode. During startup, the MAX5922 limits
the output voltage and current slew rate to minimize EMI
(electromagnetic interference). The MAX5922 has an integrated 0.45Ω N-channel power MOSFET that provides
efficient operation and simplified system design. The
MAX5922 monitors and provides current-limit protection
to the load at all times. The current limit is programmable
using an external current-sensing resistor. The MAX5922
features current-limit foldback and duty-cycle limit to
ensure robust operation during load-fault and short-circuit
conditions. Fault management allows the part to either
latch-off or autorestart after a fault.
The MAX5922 provides POK, ZC, and FAULT status signals to indicate output power is good, zero-current fault,
and other faults (overcurrent, overtemperature), respectively. The MAX5922 is available in a 28-pin TSSOP package and is rated over the extended -40°C to +85°C
temperature range.
Features
♦ IEEE 802.3af Compliant
♦ +32V to +60V Wide Operating Input Range
♦ 0.45Ω Integrated Power Switch
♦ Power Device (PD) Detection and Classification
♦ 100µA PD Leakage Detection Tolerant
♦ Programmable Current Limit
♦ Zero-Current Detection with Status Output
♦ Detection Collision Avoidance Option for Midspan
Application
♦ Input Logic Signals Compatible with 1.8V to 5V
CMOS Logic
♦ Separate Analog and Digital Grounds with Up to
±4V Offset
♦ Power-Good Status Output
♦ Overcurrent and Overtemperature Protection with
Status Outputs
♦ Current-Limit Foldback with Timeout and DutyCycle Control
♦ Latch or Autorestart Fault Management
Ordering Information
TEMP RANGE
PIN-PACKAGE
MAX5922AEUI
PART
-40°C to +85°C
28 TSSOP
MAX5922BEUI
-40°C to +85°C
28 TSSOP
MAX5922CEUI
-40°C to +85°C
28 TSSOP
Applications
Power-Sourcing Equipment (PSE)
Power-Over-LAN/Power-Over-MDI
(Media-Dependent Interface)
Computer Telephony
Single-Port Power Injector/Adapter
Midspan Power Injector
Switches/Routers with In-Line Power
Typical Application Circuits, Selector Guide, and Pin
Configuration appear at end of data sheet.
________________________________________________________________ Maxim Integrated Products
For pricing, delivery, and ordering information, please contact Maxim/Dallas Direct! at
1-888-629-4642, or visit Maxim’s website at www.maxim-ic.com.
1
MAX5922
General Description
The MAX5922A/B/C is a single-port network power controller with an integrated power MOSFET, operating from
a +32V to +60V supply rail. The device is specifically
designed for power-sourcing equipment (PSE) in powerover-LAN applications and is fully compliant to the IEEE
802.3af standard. The MAX5922 provides power devices
(PD) discovery, classification, current limit, and other necessary functions for an IEEE 802.3af compliant PSE.
The MAX5922 is suitable for PSE function in both
switch/router systems where the power is delivered to the
load through the signal pairs, and in midspan systems
where the power is delivered to the load through the
spare pairs. In midspan mode, a detection collision
avoidance circuit (MAX5922A/C only) provides the necessary back-off timing to prevent fault detections that
happen when two different PSEs try to detect and
power the same PD. The MAX5922B/C have a detection disable input that can be connected high to disable
the detection/classification functions or connected low
to enable them.
MAX5922
+48V, Single-Port Network Power Switch
For Power-Over-LAN
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
(All voltages with respect to AGND_S, unless otherwise noted.)
IN ............................................................................-0.3V to +76V
UVLO ........................................................................-0.3V to +6V
VDIG to DGND ..........................................................-0.3V to +6V
OUT .......................................................-0.3V to (VDRAIN + 0.3V)
DRAIN ..........................................................-0.3V to (VIN + 0.3V)
RDT.........................................................................-0.3V to +12V
RCL to IN ................................................................-10V to +0.3V
EN, DET_DIS, DCA, CLASS, ZC_EN,
and LATCH to DGND ...........................................-0.3V to +6V
POK, ZC, CL0, CL1, CL2, and FAULT to DGND......-0.3V to +6V
DGND ..........................................................................-5V to +5V
Maximum Current into Drain .................................................0.8A
Maximum Current into POK, ZC, CL0, CL1, CL2, FAULT...20mA
Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70°C)
28-Pin TSSOP (Derate 12.8mW/°C above +70°C) .....1026mW
Operating Temperature Range ...........................-40°C to +85°C
Junction Temperature ......................................................+150°C
Storage Temperature Range .............................-65°C to +160°C
Lead Temperature (soldering, 10s) .................................+300°C
Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional
operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to
absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(VIN = 48V, VDIG = 3.3V, AGND_S = AGND = DGND = 0V, RSENSE = 0.5Ω ±1%, UVLO = open, EN = VDIG, RRCL = 150Ω ±1%, RRDT
= 18.2kΩ ±1%, TA = -40°C to +85°C, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at TA = +25°C.) (Note 1)
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
Analog Input Voltage Range
VIN
Analog Input Supply Current
IIN
Digital Input Voltage Range
VDIG
Digital Input Supply Current
IDIG
CONDITIONS
VIN = 60V, measured at AGND after OUT
has stopped slewing
OUT Current-Limit Foldback
Voltage
VFBSTOP
Current-Limit Sense Voltage
(VIN - VDRS) (Note 4)
VILIM
DMOS On-Resistance
1
1.65
VDIG = 5V
0.05
-4
Current-Limit Response Time
Overcurrent Timeout
TYP
32
DGND to AGND Operating
Voltage Range
Current-Limit Sense Foldback
Voltage (VIN - VDRS)
MIN
VILIM_fb
tOC
RDSON
Power-Off OUT Sink Current
MAX
UNITS
60
V
1.6
mA
5.50
V
0.1
mA
+4
V
OUT shorted to AGND (Note 2)
1
µs
(Note 3)
18
V
Maximum voltage across RSENSE at VOUT >
VFBSTOP
198
212
223
0°C to +70°C
203
212
221
VOUT = 0V
64
70
76
mV
60
75
ms
OUT shorted to AGND (Note 5)
IOUT = 100mA
50
TA = +25°C
0.45
TA = +85°C
0.75
EN = DGND, VOUT = 48V
15
mV
Ω
µA
Maximum Output Voltage Slew
Rate
dVOUT/dt
VOUT rising, no load
100
V/ms
Maximum Output Current Slew
Rate
dIOUT/dt
VOUT rising, CLOAD = 100µF
35
A/ms
Power-OK Threshold (VIN - VOUT)
VTHPOK
POK Output Low Voltage
POK Output Leakage Current
2
VOUT rising, POK from low to high
Hysteresis
650
750
VPOK_LOW IPOK = 3mA
VPOK = 3.3V
850
10
0.05
_______________________________________________________________________________________
mV
%
0.4
V
1
µA
+48V, Single-Port Network Power Switch
For Power-Over-LAN
(VIN = 48V, VDIG = 3.3V, AGND_S = AGND = DGND = 0V, RSENSE = 0.5Ω ±1%, UVLO = open, EN = VDIG, RRCL = 150Ω ±1%, RRDT
= 18.2kΩ ±1%, TA = -40°C to +85°C, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at TA = +25°C.) (Note 1)
PARAMETER
POK Output Delay (Note 6)
Zero-Current Detection Threshold
Voltage (VIN - VDRS)
ZC Output Low Voltage
SYMBOL
MIN
TYP
POK from high to low, VOUT falling
1.0
1.4
1.8
tPOK_HIGH POK from low to high, VOUT rising
74
88
102
2.7
3.75
4.8
tPOK_LOW
VZCTH
V ZC_LOW
ZC Output Leakage Current
Zero-Current Detection Delay
Zero-Current Deglitch Time
(Note 4)
I ZC = 3mA
V ZC = 3.3V
tZCDEL
tZC_DEG
Thermal Shutdown
Shutdown Autorestart Time
CONDITIONS
tRESTART
ZC from high to low, IOUT falling (Note 7)
300
MAX
UNITS
ms
mV
0.4
V
0.05
1
µA
350
400
ms
IOUT rising
10
ms
Temperature rising
150
°C
Hysteresis
30
°C
LATCH = low (Note 8)
1.60
1.92
2.24
MAX5922A
36
38
40
MAX5922B/
MAX5922C
26
28
30
s
UNDERVOLTAGE LOCKOUT
UVLO floating, VIN rising
Default VIN UVLO
UVLOTH
Hysteresis
Referenced to AGND_S,
VUVLO rising
UVLO Comparator Threshold
VREF
Hysteresis
MAX5922A
4.4
MAX5922B/C
2.5
MAX5922A
1.36
1.38
1.41
MAX5922B/
MAX5922C
1.31
1.33
1.36
MAX5922A
160
MAX5922B/
MAX5922C
120
UVLO Input Resistance
V
V
mV
50
kΩ
0.7 ×
VDIG
V
LOGIC SIGNALS
EN, LATCH, DCA, DET_DIS
CLASS, and ZC_EN Input High
Voltage
VIH
EN, LATCH, DCA, DET_DIS
CLASS, and ZC_EN Input Low
Voltage
VIL
1.65V < VDIG < 5.5V
1.65V < VDIG < 2.0V
0.3 ×
VDIG
2.0V < VDIG < 5.5V
0.8
EN, LATCH, DCA, DET_DIS
CLASS, and ZC_EN Input Current
-1
EN Low Pulse Width
3
FAULT, CL0, CL1 and CL2,
Output Low Voltage
FAULT, CL0, CL1 and CL2,
Output Leakage Current
VOL
+1
µA
µs
ISINK = 3mA
VFAULT = VCL0 = VCL1 = VCL2 = 3.3V,
CLASS = 0V
V
0.05
0.4
V
1
µA
_______________________________________________________________________________________
3
MAX5922
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
MAX5922
+48V, Single-Port Network Power Switch
For Power-Over-LAN
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
(VIN = 48V, VDIG = 3.3V, AGND_S = AGND = DGND = 0V, RSENSE = 0.5Ω ±1%, UVLO = open, EN = VDIG, RRCL = 150Ω ±1%, RRDT
= 18.2kΩ ±1%, TA = -40°C to +85°C, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at TA = +25°C.) (Note 1)
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
V
PD DETECTION (See Figure 3, PD Detection Section)
Detection Probe Voltage Phase I
VPBI
RPD = 19kΩ to 26.5kΩ
3.6
4
4.4
Detection Probe Voltage Phase II
VPBII
RPD = 19kΩ to 26.5kΩ
7.2
8
8.8
V
Detection Short-Circuit Current
ISC_DET
OUT shorted to AGND
0.68
1.50
mA
Valid PD Detected Lower-Limit
Threshold
RPDL
(Note 9)
15
19
kΩ
Valid PD Detected Upper-Limit
Threshold
RPDH
(Note 9)
26.5
33.0
kΩ
196
ms
Total Detection Time
tdet
170
Reject Capacitance During
Detection
CPDH
RPD = 19kΩ to 26.5kΩ
Allowable Capacitance During
Detection
CPDL
RPD = 19kΩ to 26.5kΩ
6
µF
0.6
µF
PD CLASSIFICATION (See PD Classification Mode Section)
Classification Probe Voltage
Classification Short-Circuit
Current
Classification Time Duration
Total Detection and Classification
Delay Time
VCLASS
IOUT = 0.5mA to 45mA
ISC_CLASS Shorted to AGND
tCLASS
tTOT
15
20
No load
From detection completion
28
48
15
From channel-enabled to power delivered
at the OUT pin
V
65
mA
21.3
26
ms
191
230
ms
Class 0 to Class 1 Threshold
ICLASS_1L
5.5
6.5
7.5
mA
Class 1 to Class 2 Threshold
ICLASS_1-2
13
14.5
16
mA
Class 2 to Class 3 Threshold
ICLASS_2-3
21
23
25
mA
Class 3 to Class 4 Threshold
ICLASS_3-4
31
33
35
mA
Default To Class 0 High-Current
Lower-Limit Threshold
ICLASS_4-0
43
46.5
2.38
2.8
Collision Detection Delay Time
(MAX5922A/MAX5922C Only)
tDCA
DCA = high, RPD = 15kΩ
mA
3.22
s
Note 1: All specifications are 100% production tested at TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted. All temperature limits are guaranteed by
design.
Note 2: This is the time from an output overcurrent or short-circuit condition until the output goes into regulated current limit.
Note 3: OUT voltage above which the output current limit is at its full value (see Figure 8).
Note 4: To be consistent with the IEEE 802.3af standard, choose RSENSE = 0.5Ω ±1%.
Note 5: This is the time the part stays in current-limit mode during overload condition. After tOC elapses (or when the junction temperature
hits +150°C) the part shuts down.
Note 6: See the Typical Operating Characteristics and Figure 6.
Note 7: This is the delay from IOUT falling below the zero-current threshold until ZC goes low and the IC shuts down (see the Zero-Current
Detection section).
Note 8: See the Fault Management section.
Note 9: PD is detected by the procedures specified by the IEEE 802.3af standard. A probe voltage VPBI (+4V typically) is forced at OUT
and the current IS1 is measured after tDET/2. A second probe voltage VPBII (+8V typically) is then forced and IS2 measured after
tDET / 2 again. The voltage increment is then divided by the difference of the two currents (IS2 - IS1). This is the PD resistance value.
4
_______________________________________________________________________________________
+48V, Single-Port Network Power Switch
For Power-Over-LAN
0.85
TA = +25°C
12.0
VIN = 60V
11.9
11.8
11.7
0.90
IDIG (µA)
TA = +85°C
0.80
0.95
SUPPLY CURRENT (mA)
0.95
MEASURED AT
AGND
MAX5922 toc02
MEASURED AT AGND
SUPPLY CURRENT (mA)
1.00
MAX5922 toc01
1.00
0.90
DIGITAL SUPPLY CURRENT
vs. TEMPERATURE
VIN SUPPLY CURRENT
vs. TEMPERATURE
MAX5922 toc03
VIN SUPPLY CURRENT
vs. INPUT VOLTAGE
VIN = 48V
0.85
11.6
11.5
11.4
0.80
TA = -40°C
0.75
0.75
0.70
0.70
11.3
VIN = 32V
11.2
11.1
37
42
47
52
57
20
35
50
65
-40
80
-25
-10
5
20
35
50
TEMPERATURE (°C)
TEMPERATURE (°C)
VIN UNDERVOLTAGE LOCKOUT
vs. TEMPERATURE
MOSFET RDSON
vs. TEMPERATURE
SENSE TRIP VOLTAGE
vs. TEMPERATURE
0.55
ON-RESISTANCE (Ω)
38.0
37.0
36.0
35.0
VIN FALLING
34.0
IOUT = 100mA
0.50
0.45
0.40
65
80
214
213
VIN = 48V
VIN = 60V
212
211
210
209
VIN = 32V
208
207
0.35
33.0
80
215
SENSE TRIP VOLTAGE (V)
VIN RISING
0.60
65
MAX5922 toc06
MAX5922 toc04
39.0
206
205
0.30
-40 -25 -10
5
20
35
50
65
80
-40 -25 -10
5
20
35
50
65
TEMPERATURE (°C)
FOLDBACK-CURRENT LIMIT
(ILIM vs. VOUT)
ZERO-CURRENT DETECTION THRESHOLD
VOLTAGE vs. TEMPERATURE
0.30
0.25
0.20
0.15
0.10
0.05
0
3.68
VIN = 60V
3.66
3.64
3.62
VIN = 48V
3.60
VIN = 32V
3.58
3.56
10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
35
50
ON-RESISTANCE vs. VDRAIN
IOUT = 100mA
TA = +85°C
0.7
0.6
TA = +25°C
0.5
0.4
0.3
3.54
TA = -40°C
0.2
3.52
0.1
3.50
5
20
0.8
ON-RESISTANCE (Ω)
0.40
0.35
3.70
ZERO-CURRENT THRESHOLD VOLTAGE (mV)
MAX5922 toc07
0.50
0.45
5
TEMPERATURE (°C)
TEMPERATURE (°C)
0.60
0.55
0
-40 -25 -10
80
MAX5922 toc09
32.0
MAX5922 toc08
DEFAULT VIN UVLO (V)
5
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)
40.0
ILIM (A)
11.0
-40 -25 -10
62
MAX5922 toc05
32
-40 -25 -10
5
20
35
50
TEMPERATURE (°C)
65
80
28
32
36
40
44
48
52
56
60
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)
_______________________________________________________________________________________
5
MAX5922
Typical Operating Characteristics
(MAX5922A, VIN = 48V, VDIG, EN, LATCH, CLASS, and ZC_EN = 3.3V, DCA, AGND_S = AGND = DGND = 0V, RSENSE = 0.5Ω ±1%,
UVLO floating, RRCL = 150kΩ, RRDT = 18.2kΩ, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
Typical Operating Characteristics (continued)
(MAX5922A, VIN = 48V, VDIG, EN, LATCH, CLASS, and ZC_EN = 3.3V, DCA, AGND_S = AGND = DGND = 0V, RSENSE = 0.5Ω ±1%,
UVLO floating, RRCL = 150kΩ, RRDT = 18.2kΩ, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
OVERCURRENT TIMEOUT
(RLOAD FROM 240Ω TO 75Ω)
DIGITAL SUPPLY CURRENT vs. VDIG
IDIG (µA)
MAX5922 toc11
30
28
26
24
22
20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
MAX5922toc10
MAX5922
+48V, Single-Port Network Power Switch
For Power-Over-LAN
20V/div
VOUT
0V
5V/div
POK
0V
200mA/div
IOUT
0A
5V/div
FAULT
0V
0
1.0
2.0
3.0
4.0
5.0
6.0
20ms/div
VDIG (V)
POK LOW-TO-HIGH DELAY TIME
SHORT-CIRCUIT RESPONSE TIME
MAX5922 toc13
MAX5922 toc12
20V/div
VOUT
5V/div
0V
POK
20V/div
VOUT
0V
5V/div
0V
POK
200mA/div
0A
IOUT
0V
FAULT
5V/div
0V
100ms/div
20ms/div
POK HIGH-TO-LOW DELAY TIME
ZC TO OUT DELAY
MAX5922 toc14
MAX5922 toc15
20V/div
20V/div
VOUT
0V
0V
5V/div
POK
0V
5V/div
0V
5V/div
0V
POK
1ms/div
6
VOUT
ZC
IOUT
1.25mA/div
0A
400µs/div
_______________________________________________________________________________________
+48V, Single-Port Network Power Switch
For Power-Over-LAN
ZERO-CURRENT (IIms GLITCH)
DEGLITCH TIME
ZERO-CURRENT HIGH-TO-LOW
DETECTION TIME
MAX5922 toc17
MAX5922 toc16
20V/div
VOUT
0V
5V/div
0V
5V/div
0V
VOUT
20V/div
0V
POK
5V/div
0V
POK
ZC
tZCDEL
5V/div
0V
ZC
GLITCH > tZC_DEG
IOUT
1.25mA/div
0A
200mA/div
0A
tZCDEL
IOUT
100ms/div
100ms/div
ZERO-CURRENT
DEGLITCH TIME (10ms GLITCH)
OVERCURRENT RESTART DELAY
MAX5922 toc19
MAX5922 toc18
20V/div
VOUT
VOUT
20V/div
POK
POK
0V
5V/div
0V
500mA/div
0A
IOUT
tRESTART
0V
5V/div
0V
tZCDEL
5V/div
0V
GLITCH > tZC_DEG
ZC
200mA/div
0A
IOUT
5V/div
0V
FAULT
100ms/div
400ms/div
STARTUP WITH VALID
PD (25kΩ AND 0.1µF)
STARTUP WITH INVALID
PD (25kΩ AND 10µF)
MAX5922 toc20
MAX5922 toc21
5V/div
20V/div
VOUT
0V
5V/div
0V
5V/div
0V
EN
VOUT
0V
POK
0V
POK
250µA/div
IOUT
0A
IOUT
200mA/div
0A
2V/div
EN
0V
40ms/div
100ms/div
_______________________________________________________________________________________
7
MAX5922
Typical Operating Characteristics (continued)
(MAX5922A, VIN = 48V, VDIG, EN, LATCH, CLASS, and ZC_EN = 3.3V, DCA, AGND_S = AGND = DGND = 0V, RSENSE = 0.5Ω ±1%,
UVLO floating, RRCL = 150kΩ, RRDT = 18.2kΩ, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
MAX5922
+48V, Single-Port Network Power Switch
For Power-Over-LAN
Typical Operating Characteristics (continued)
(MAX5922A, VIN = 48V, VDIG, EN, LATCH, CLASS, and ZC_EN = 3.3V, DCA, AGND_S = AGND = DGND = 0V, RSENSE = 0.5Ω ±1%,
UVLO floating, RRCL = 150kΩ, RRDT = 18.2kΩ, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
STARTUP WITH INVALID
PD (15kΩ)
STARTUP WITH INVALID
PD (33kΩ)
MAX5922 toc22
5V/div
MAX5922 toc23
VOUT
0V
5V/div
VOUT
0V
POK
0V
250µA/div
0A
0V
POK
250µA/div
IOUT
0A
2V/div
EN
0V
2V/div
EN
0V
100ms/div
40ms/div
STARTUP WITH OUTPUT
SHORTED TO AGND
STARTUP WITH MIDSPAN MODE
(DCA = VDIG, VALID PD (25kΩ AND 0.1µF))
MAX5922 toc24
MAX5922 toc25
VOUT
20V/div
5V/div
0V
5V/div
0V
VOUT
POK
IOUT
500µA/div
0A
2V/div
EN
0V
5V/div
0V
5V/div
0V
EN
POK
500µA/div
0A
IOUT
0V
100ms/div
100ms/div
STARTUP WITH MIDSPAN MODE
(DCA = VDIG, INVALID PD (15kΩ))
STARTUP WITH MIDSPAN MODE
(DCA = VDIG, INVALID PD (33kΩ))
MAX5922 toc26
5V/div
MAX5922 toc27
VOUT
0V
VOUT
0V
POK
0V
250µA/div
IOUT
0A
POK
0V
250µA/div
IOUT
0A
EN
2V/div
0V
400ms/div
8
5V/div
EN
2V/div
0V
400ms/div
_______________________________________________________________________________________
+48V, Single-Port Network Power Switch
For Power-Over-LAN
STARTUP WITH VALID PD
(25kΩ, ZC_EN = LOW)
STARTUP WITH
DIFFERENT PD CLASSES
MAX5922 toc28
MAX5922 toc29
VOUT
20V/div
VOUT
0V
0V
5V/div
0V
5V/div
0V
POK
0V
EN
CLASS 4
IOUT
1.25mA/div
0A
5V/div
0V
POK
SHORT TO AGND
EN
IOUT
CLASS 3
CLASS 2
CLASS 1
CLASS 0
20mA/div
0A
100ms/div
40ms/div
OVERCURRENT TIMEOUT
(RLOAD FROM 240Ω to 75Ω)
OUTPUT SHORT-CIRCUIT RESPONSE
MAX5922 toc31
MAX5922 toc30
VOUT
20V/div
IOUT
200mA/div
IOUT
200mA/div
VOUT
20V/div
POK
5V/div
200µs/div
2ms/div
OUTPUT SHORT-CIRCUIT RESPONSE
MAX5922 toc32
IOUT
10A/div
VOUT
20V/div
4µs/div
_______________________________________________________________________________________
9
MAX5922
Typical Operating Characteristics (continued)
(MAX5922A, VIN = 48V, VDIG, EN, LATCH, CLASS, and ZC_EN = 3.3V, DCA, AGND_S = AGND = DGND = 0V, RSENSE = 0.5Ω ±1%,
UVLO floating, RRCL = 150kΩ, RRDT = 18.2kΩ, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
+48V, Single-Port Network Power Switch
For Power-Over-LAN
MAX5922
Pin Description
PIN
NAME
FUNCTION
*
AGND
Analog Ground. This is the return of analog power input. AGND can vary ±4V from DGND. AGND and
DGND must be connected together at a single point in the system.
1, 2
DRAIN
Drain connection for the integrated MOSFET. Connect a sense resistor, RSENSE, from DRAIN to IN.
These pins are also the current-sense resistor negative terminal. RSENSE sets the overcurrent-limit
and open-circuit detection threshold. These two pins must be connected together.
3, 6, 26
N.C.
4
IN
5
RCL
7
AGND_S
8
UVLO
9
RDT
10
FAULT
11
POK
Power-OK, Open-Drain Logic Output. Reference to DGND. POK goes open drain a time tPOK_HIGH
after VOUT raises to within VTHPOK from VIN. POK goes low a time tPOK_LOW after VOUT falls out of the
VTHPOK from VIN.
12
ZC
Zero-Current Fault Signal. Open-drain logic output. Reference to DGND. ZC is latched low when there
is a zero-current condition lasting longer than tZCDEL. ZC is open-drain otherwise. The zero-current
detection circuit is enabled immediately after the POK signal goes high. The ZC is unlatched after a
valid PD has been detected and eventually classified.
13
TP1
Must be Left Open or Connected to AGND
14
TP2
Must be Left Open or Connected to AGND
15
TP3
Must be Left Open or Connected to AGND
16
CL2
Classification Report Logic Output Bit 2. See the PD Classification section (Table 2).
17
CL1
Classification Report Logic Output Bit 1. See the PD Classification section (Table 2).
18
CL0
No Connection. Not internally connected. Leave pins 6 and 26 open. Pins 6 and 26 are left
unconnected to provide additional spacing between the high-voltage pins and other pins.
Input Voltage. Connect to a positive voltage source between +32V to +60V from IN to AGND. This is
the current-sense resistor positive terminal. Bypass to AGND with a 47µF, 100V electrolytic capacitor
and a 0.1µF, 100V ceramic capacitor. Place the ceramic capacitor close to this pin.
Classification Sense Resistor. Connect a 150Ω ±1% resistor from RCL to IN for sensing the
classification current. Leave RCL floating when the PD classification function is not used.
Analog Ground Sense. Connect a 1Ω resistor from AGND_S to AGND. This resistor protects the IC
during an output short-circuit condition.
Undervoltage Lockout Adjustment Input. Referenced to AGND. Connect to the center point of a
resistive-divider from IN to AGND to adjust the UVLO threshold. Leave open for default value.
Detection Sense Resistor. Connect an 18.2kΩ ±1% resistor from RDT to AGND for sensing the PD
detection current. Add a 680nF capacitor in parallel to this resistor to filter out the power-line noise.
Connect RDT to AGND when the PD detection function is not used.
Fault Signal Open-Drain Logic Output. Reference to DGND. FAULT is latched low when:
1. An overtemperature condition occurs and/or,
2. An overcurrent condition that has lasted for more than tOC.
Classification Report Logic Output Bit 0. See the PD Classification section (Table 2).
19
DGND
Digital Ground. DGND can vary ±4V from AGND. DGND and AGND must to be connected together at
a single point in the system.
20
LATCH
Fault Management Selection Digital Input. Referenced to DGND. Connect to a logic high to latch off
after a fault condition. Connect to a logic low for automatic restart after a fault condition (see the Fault
Management section).
*This is not a device pin.
10
______________________________________________________________________________________
+48V, Single-Port Network Power Switch
For Power-Over-LAN
PIN
NAME
FUNCTION
Zero-Current-Detection Enable Logic Input. Referenced to DGND. Connect ZC_EN to a logic high to
enable the zero-current detection circuitry. Connect ZC_EN to a logic low to disable this function.
21
ZC_EN
22
EN
23
VDIG
Digital Supply Voltage. VDIG is the supply voltage for the internal digital logic circuity. EN, LATCH,
CLASS, DET_DIS, DCA, and ZC_EN input logic thresholds are automatically scaled to the voltage on
VDIG. See the Typical Application Circuit for proper filtering.
24
CLASS
Classification Enable Digital Input. Connect to DGND to disable the classification function. Connect to
VDIG to enable the classification function.
ON/OFF Control-Logic Input. Referenced to DGND. Connect to a logic high to enable the device.
Connect to a logic low to disable the device and reset a latched-off condition.
PD Detection Disable Logic Input. When DET_DIS is connected to a logic high, the part skips the
detection and classification (regardless of the status of CLASS) phases and powers on immediately
after EN = high (MAX5922B/MAX5922C only).
DET_DIS
25
27, 28
DCA
Detection Collision Avoidance Logic Input. Connect to a logic high to activate the detection collision
avoidance circuitry for midspan system. Connect to DGND to disable this function. (MAX5922A only).
See the Detection Collision Avoidance section.
OUT
Output Voltage
VDIG
IN
FAULT
CHARGE
PUMP
N
CSP
ZC
DRAIN
N
ANALOG
CONTROL
N
OUT
POK
N
UVLO
VOLTAGE
REGULATOR
CLASS
EN
LATCH
DETECTION
AND
CLASSIFICATION
CIRCUITRY
ZC_EN
DCA
LOGICLEVEL
TRANSLATOR
LOGIC
CONTROL
RCL
RDT
OSC
CL2
N
CL1
N
CL0
MAX5922
N
DGND
AGND
Figure 1. MAX5922 Block Diagram
______________________________________________________________________________________
11
MAX5922
Pin Description (continued)
MAX5922
+48V, Single-Port Network Power Switch
For Power-Over-LAN
Detailed Description
The MAX5922 is a single-port network power controller
with an integrated power MOSFET, operating from a
+32V to +60V supply rail. The device is specifically
designed for PSE in power-over-LAN applications and is
fully compliant to the IEEE 802.3af standard. The
MAX5922 provides PD discovery, classification, current
limit, and other necessary functions for an IEEE 802.3afcompliant PSE.
The MAX5922 operates in three different modes: PD
detection mode, PD classification mode, and power
mode. Figures 2 and 4 illustrates the device’s functional
operation.
PD Detection Mode
Once powered up and enabled, the MAX5922 probes
the output for a valid PD. A valid PD should have a 25kΩ
discovery signature characteristic as specified in the
IEEE 802.3af standard. Table 1 shows the IEEE 802.3af
specification for a PSE detection of PDs (see the Typical
Application Circuit and Figure 3 (MAX5922 startup
sequence)).
The MAX5922 performs the PD detection by forcing a
probe voltage (VPBI = 4V) at the OUT pin and senses the
current out of this pin. The sensed current is sampled and
held tDET (88ms) after the probing voltage is sent. The
probe voltage is then switched to VPBII = 8V. At the end
of another tDET period, the ratio of the difference of the
two test voltages and sensed currents (∆V/∆I) is calculated to determine the PD resistance. The MAX5922 PD
detection circuitry checks for a valid PD resistive signature between 19kΩ and 26.5kΩ, with a parallel capacitance of up to 0.6µF. The MAX5922 PD detection circuit
rejects all PDs showing resistive signature of less than
15kΩ or greater than 33kΩ, and/or a capacitive signature
greater than 6µF. Any resistive signature between 15kΩ
to 19kΩ, or between 26.5kΩ to 33kΩ, and/or a capacitance between 0.6µF to 6µF can produce unpredictable
detection results. If the MAX5922 does not detect a valid
PD signature, it continually sends the probe voltages to
the output indefinitely (see Figure 5).
The detection current reference is set by an external
resistor (RRDT)) connected from the RDT pin to AGND.
This resistor should be an 18.2kΩ ±1%, with an optional
680nF capacitor in parallel for filtering out power-line
12
Table 1. IEEE802.3af PD Specification
PARAMETER
V/I (Slope)
Input Capacitance
VALID
PD DETECTION
SIGNATURE
NON-VALID
PD DETECTION
SIGNATURE
19kΩ < RPD <
26.5kΩ
15kΩ > RPD or
RRD > 33kΩ
CPD < 0.6µF
CPD > 6µF
Offset Voltage
Up to 2.0V
—
Current Offset
Up to 12µA
—
noise. An internal diode in series with the detection voltage source and OUT is provided to restrict PD detection to the 1st quadrant as specified by the IEEE
standard 802.3af (see Figure 3). To prevent damage to
non-PD devices and to protect itself from output short
circuit, the MAX5922 limits the current out of the OUT
pin during PD detection to 1.5mA (max).
For midspan systems where power is delivered to the
PD through the spare pairs, the detection collision
avoidance must be activated. In this mode, after every
failed PD detection cycle, the MAX5922A/MAX5922C
enter a back-off mode where they drive the OUT pin
into high impedance for tDCA (2.8s). The DCA pin must
be connected high (MAX5922A) to activate the detection collision avoidance circuitry (if connected low, the
detection collision avoidance circuitry is disabled). The
MAX5922C has the detection collision avoidance circuitry permanently enabled (see the Typical
Application Circuit). After tDCA, the MAX5922A (with
DCA high) and the MAX5922C resume PD detection
operation. The MAX5922B has the detection collision
avoidance circuitry permanently disabled.
Detection Enable/Disable
The MAX5922A has the PD detection mode permanently
enabled. The MAX5922B/MAX5922C are equipped with
a DET_DIS pin, which provides the option of enabling or
disabling the power-device detection phase. With the
DET_DIS pin connected high, the PD detection and classification phases are disabled regardless of the status of
the class pin. With the DET_DIS pin connected low, the
PD detection is enabled.
______________________________________________________________________________________
+48V, Single-Port Network Power Switch
For Power-Over-LAN
N
RESET COUNTERS
START PD DECTECTION
FORCE OUT = VPBI (4V)
WAIT I/2tDET
Cl0 = CL1 = CL2 = HIGH
Y
POWER-ON
RESET
MAX5922
N
Y
EN = HIGH?
VIN > UVLOTH?
SAMPLE AND HOLD
ISENSE1
N
EN = LOW?
Y
Y
N
tRESTART
ELAPSED?
REPORT CLASS
STATUS
Y
MEASURE
IDET = ISENSE2 - ISENSE1
START
PD CLASSIFICATION
CL0 = CL1 = CL2 = HIGH
Y
LATCH = HIBH
FORCE OUT = VPBI (8V)
WAIT 1/2tDET
FORCE
VOUT = VCLASS (17.5V)
WAIT tCLASS
and MEASURE ICLASS
Y
Y
N
IS
(VPBI - VPBI)/IDET
OK?
CLASS = H?
N
N
Y
SWITCH SHUTOFF
FAULT = LOW
N
Note 1
START POWER-UP
RESET
FAULT AND ZC
THERMAL
SHUTDOWN
DETECTED?
N
IS DCA HIGH?
Y
WAIT tDCA
OUTPUT IN HIGH-Z
OVERCURRENT
DETECTED
SWITCH
SHUT-OFF
ZC = LOW
RESET tZCDEL
Y
Y
RESET
OVERCURRENT
COUNTER
N
tZCDEL = 350ms?
N
N
VOUT - VIN < VTHPOK?
POK LOW
AFTER tPOK_DLY
HIGH TO LOW
N
OVERCURRENT
CONDITION?
N
Y
INCREMENT
tZCDEL
Y
Y
POK HIGH
AFTER
tPOK_DLY
LOW TO HIGH
Y
INCREMENT
OVERCURRENT
COUNTER
OVERCURRENT
COUNTER = 60?
N
N
ZC_EN =
HIGH?
Is IOUT
< IZCTH?
Y
INCREMENT
tZC_DEG
RESET
tZC_DEG
Y
N
IS POK HIGH?
N
Y
tZC_DEG =
10ms?
RESET
tZC_DEG
tZCDEL
*FOR THE MAX5922B, THE DCA FUNCTION IS INTERNALLY DISABLED. FOR THE MAX5922C, THE DCA FUNCTION IS INTERNALLY ENABLED.
Figure 2. Operational Flow Chart (MAX5922A and MAX5922B/MAX5922C with DET_DIS Connected Low)
______________________________________________________________________________________
13
MAX5922
+48V, Single-Port Network Power Switch
For Power-Over-LAN
POWER DEVICE
INTERNAL TO MAX5922
27, 28
OUT
IMAX = 1.5mA
RPD
D1
VPROBE_VOLTAGE
7
AGND_S
Figure 3. PSE Detection Source
N
N
Y
VIN > UVLOTH?
RESET
POWER-ON
EN = HIGH?
Y
START POWER-UP
RESET FAULT, ZC
N
EN = LOW?
Y
Y
N
Y
tRESTART
ELAPSED
LATCH = HIGH?
EN LOW
TO HIGH
TRANSACTION
DETECTED?
Y
N
N
THERMAL
SHUTDOWN
DETECTED?
Y
SWITCH
SHUT-OFF
FAULT = LOW
N
OVERCURRENT
DETECTED
SWITCH
SHUT-OFF
ZC = LOW
RESET tZCDEL
Y
Y
N
N
tZCDEL = 350ms?
VOUT - VIN < VTHPOK?
RESET
OVERCURRENT
COUNTER
POK LOW
AFTER tPOK_DLY
HIGH TO LOW
N
OVERCURRENT
= HIGH
N
Y
Y
Y
INCREMENT
tZCDEL
RESET
tZC_DEG
INCREMENT
OVERCURRENT
COUNTER
POK HIGH
AFTER tPOK_DLY
LOW TO HIGH
N
Y
N
OVERCURRENT
COUNTER = 60?
ZC_EN = HIGH?
IS IOUT < IZCTH?
Y
N
Y
INCREMENT
tZC_DEG
IS POK HIGH?
N
Y
tZC_DEG = 10ms?
RESET
tZC_DEG
tZCDEL
Figure 4. Operational Flow Chart (MAX5922B/MAX5922C with DET_DIS Connected High)
14
______________________________________________________________________________________
+48V, Single-Port Network Power Switch
For Power-Over-LAN
MAX5922
UVLO
VIN
8V
VOUT
4V
0V
t
tDET1 =
88ms
tDET2 =
88ms
Figure 5. PD Detection with an Invalid PD Signature
Table 2. PD Classification Threshold Limits
CL2
CL1
CL0
0.5 to 4 or above 43
SENSED CURRENT (mA)
0
0
0
Class 0
9 to 12
0
0
1
Class 1
17 to 20
0
1
0
Class 2
26 to 30
0
1
1
Class 3
36 to 42
1
0
0
Class 4
N/A
1
0
1
Not used
N/A
1
1
0
Successful detection (classification disabled or DET_DIS = low)
Power device not detected yet
or CLASS pin connected low.
1
1
1
Detection ongoing
PD Classification Mode
(PD Classification)
Following a valid PD detection, and if the CLASS pin is
high, the MAX5922 enters the PD classification mode. If
the CLASS pin is low, the PD classification mode is
skipped and the MAX5922 goes directly from PD
detection to the power mode. During the PD classification mode, the MAX5922 forces a probe voltage (17.5V)
at the OUT pin and measures the current out of this pin.
The measured current determines the class of the PD.
The classification results are reported at the classification logic outputs CL0, CL1, CL2. Table 2 shows the
classification threshold limits and the corresponding
logic outputs CL0, CL1, and CL2.
CLASS TYPES
Connect an external 150Ω ±1% resistor (RRCL) from
RCL to IN to set the classification current reference. If
the PD classification function is not used, RCL can be
left floating. For the MAX5922B/MAX5922C, the
DET_DIS pin must be connected low to enable the
classification phase. If DET_DIS is connected high, the
classification phase is disabled regardless of the state
of the CLASS pin. After the classification phase, the
MAX5922 enters power-up.
Power-Up Mode
After the PD is successfully detected and classified, the
MAX5922 enters power-up mode. During this mode,
the MAX5922 gradually turns on the integrated N-channel MOSFET. To minimize EMI, the MAX5922 limits the
______________________________________________________________________________________
15
MAX5922
+48V, Single-Port Network Power Switch
For Power-Over-LAN
+48V
100V/ms (max)
+17.5V
+8V
VIN CROSSES UVLO
+4V
0V
POK (OPEN-DRAIN)
0V
t
0
tDET1, 88ms
tPOK_HIGH, 88ms
tDET2, 88ms
tCLASS,
21.3ms
Figure 6. Startup Sequence
output voltage slew rate at the OUT pin to dVOUT/dt =
100V/ms (max) and the output-current slew rate out of
the OUT pin to dIOUT/dt = 35A/ms (max).
The MAX5922 has an integrated 0.45Ω N-channel
power MOSFET. The MOSFET’s drain is connected to
the DRAIN pin and its source is connected to the OUT
pin. The MAX5922 monitors and provides current-limit
protection to the load at all times. The current limit is
programmable using an external current-sensing resistor connected from IN to DRAIN. To be compatible with
the IEE802.3af standard, use a 0.5Ω ±1%, 50ppm/°C
resistor. The MAX5922 features current-limit foldback
and duty-cycle limit to ensure robust operation during
load-fault and short-circuit conditions (see the
Overcurrent Protection section).
When V OUT is within 750mV of V IN for more than
tPOK_HIGH, POK goes open drain. Figure 6 shows a
typical startup sequence.
After POK is asserted, the MAX5922 activates the zerocurrent detection function. This function monitors the
output for an undercurrent condition and eventually
turns off the power to the output if the PD is disconnected (see the Zero-Current Detection section).
16
Undervoltage Lockout (UVLO)
The MAX5922 operates from a +32V to +60V supply
voltage range and has a default UVLO set at +38V
(MAX5922A) or +28V (MAX5922B/MAX5922C). The
UVLO threshold is adjustable using a resistive-divider
connected to the UVLO pin (see Figure 7). When the
input voltage is below the UVLO threshold, all operation
stops and the MOSFET is held off. When the input voltage is above the UVLO threshold and EN is high, the
MAX5922 goes into operation. See Figures 2 and 4 for
the operational flow charts.
To adjust the UVLO threshold, connect an external
resistive-divider from IN to UVLO and then from UVLO
to AGND. Use the following equation to calculate the
new UVLO threshold:
R1 

VUVLO _ TH = VREF 1 + 

R2 
VREF is typically 1.38V (MAX5922A) or 1.33V (MAX5922B/
MAX5922C). The UVLO pin input resistance is 50kΩ
(min), keep the R1 and R2 parallel combination value at
least 20 times smaller than 50kΩ to minimize the new
UVLO threshold error.
______________________________________________________________________________________
+48V, Single-Port Network Power Switch
For Power-Over-LAN
IN
R1
MAX5922
UVLO
R2
AGND_S
Figure 7. Setting Undervoltage Lockout with an External
Resistive-Divider
Digital Logic
VDIG is the input supply for the internal logic circuitry.
The logic input thresholds of EN, LATCH, CLASS, DCA
(MAX5922A), DET_DIS (MAX5922B/MAX5922C), and
ZC_EN are CMOS compatible and are determined by
the voltage at V DIG which can range from 1.65V to
5.5V. The POK, ZC, CL0, CL1, CL2, and FAULT outputs
are open drain. VDIG and all logic inputs and outputs
are referenced to DGND. DGND is not connected to
AGND internally and must be connected externally at a
single point in the system to AGND. The maximum
allowable difference in the voltage between DGND and
AGND is ±4V.
Enable (EN)
EN is a logic input to enable the MAX5922. Bringing EN
low halts all operations and turns off the internal power
MOSFET. When EN is high and the input voltage is
above the UVLO threshold, the MAX5922 begins operating. Enable is also used to unlatch the part after a
latched fault condition. This is done by toggling EN low
and high again after a fault condition.
Overcurrent Protection
The MAX5922 provides a sophisticated overcurrent
protection circuitry to ensure the device’s robustness
under output-current transient and current fault conditions. The current protection circuitry employs a constant current limit, a current foldback, and an
overcurrent timeout. The device monitors the voltage
drop, VSENSE (VSENSE = VIN - VDRAIN) to determine the
load current.
Current Foldback
While in current-limit condition, the voltage at the OUT
pin drops. As the load resistance reduces (more loading), the output voltage reduces accordingly to maintain a constant load current. The power dissipation in
the power MOSFET is (VDRAIN - VOUT) × ILIM. As the
output voltage drops lower, more power is dissipated
across the power MOSFET. To reduce this power dissipation, the MAX5922 offers a current foldback feature
where it linearly reduces the VILIM value when VOUT
drops below the OUT current-limit foldback voltage
(VFBSTOP = 18V). Figure 8 illustrates this current foldback limit behavior.
Overcurrent Timeout
The MAX5922 keeps track of the time it is in current limit.
An internal digital counter begins incrementing its count
at 1count/ms when VSENSE exceeds its limit (either VILIM
or VILIM foldback in foldback mode). The counter is reset
to zero if the current falls back below the current limit.
When the cumulative count reaches 60, an overcurrent
fault is generated. After an overcurrent fault condition, the
switch is turned off and the FAULT signal goes low (see
Figure 9).
VILM
VILM/3
VFBSTART
(2V)
VFBSTOP
(18V)
VOUT (V)
Figure 8. Current Foldback Characteristic
______________________________________________________________________________________
17
MAX5922
Constant Current Limit
The MAX5922 monitors V SENSE at all times during
power mode and regulates the current through the
power MOSFET as necessary to keep VSENSE (max) to
the current-limit sense voltage (VILIM = 212mV). The
load-current limit, ILIM, is programmed by the currentsense resistor, RSENSE, connected from IN to DRAIN
(ILIM = VILIM/RSENSE). When the load current is less
than ILIM, the MOSFET is fully on. When the load is trying to draw more than ILIM, the OUT pin works like a
constant current source, limiting the output current to
ILIM. If IOUT is at ILIM for greater than the current-limit
timeout, a current-limit fault is generated and the power
MOSFET is turned off (see the Overcurrent Timeout and
Fault Management sections).
VIN = 32V TO 60V
MAX5922
+48V, Single-Port Network Power Switch
For Power-Over-LAN
This overcurrent timeout enables the MAX5922 to operate
in a periodic overcurrent condition without causing a fault
(see Figure 9).
Power-OK (POK)
POK goes open-drain tPOK_HIGH (88ms) after VOUT
rises to within VTHPOK (0.75V) from VIN. POK goes low
tPOK_LOW (1.4ms) after VOUT drops 0.82V below VIN.
Zero-Current Detection
Zero-current detection is enabled if ZC_EN is high and
only after the startup period has finished (indicated by
POK going high). When VSENSE falls below the zerocurrent threshold (VZCTH) for a continuous tZCDEL =
350ms, a zero-current fault is generated. The MOSFET
is turned off and ZC is latched low. The MAX5922A and
the MAX5922B/MAX5922C (with DET_DIS = low) immediately begin a PD detection sequence, regardless of
the status of the LATCH input. ZC is unlatched and
goes high impedance after a PD is detected. ZC is also
high impedance during initial power-up. When
DET_DIS is high (MAX5922B/MAX5922C), a zero-current fault shuts down the MOSFET and the EN pin
needs to be toggled to unlatch the fault.
At any time during a zero-current condition, if VSENSE
goes above VZCTH for the zero-current deglitch time
(tZC_DEG = 10ms), the zero-current counter resets to
zero and a zero-current fault is not generated. Bring
ZC_EN low to disable the zero-current detection function. ZC stays high impedance in this mode.
ILIMIT
IOUT
Thermal Shutdown
If the MAX5922 die temperature reaches +150°C, an
overtemperature fault is generated. The MOSFET turns
off and FAULT goes low. The MAX5922 die temperature must cool down below 120°C before the overtemperature fault condition is removed (see Fault
Management section).
Fault Report (FAULT)
FAULT goes low when there is an overcurrent fault and/or
an overtemperature fault. FAULT is open-drain otherwise.
After a fault, the FAULT signal is latched low. FAULT is
unlatched at the beginning of the next power mode.
Fault Management
The MAX5922 offers either latched-off or auto-retry fault
management configurable by the LATCH input.
Bringing LATCH high puts the device into latch mode
while pulling LATCH low selects the autoretry option.
In latch mode, the MAX5922 turns the MOSFET off and
keeps it off after an overcurrent fault or an over-temperature fault. After the fault condition goes away, recycle
the power supplies or toggle the EN pin low and high
again to unlatch the part. However, the part waits a
tRESTART period (1.92s) before recovering from a fault
condition and resuming normal operation.
In autoretry mode, the MAX5922 turns the MOSFET off
after an overcurrent or overtemperature fault. After the
fault condition is removed, the device waits a tRESTART
period (1.92s) and then automatically restarts and
enters the PD detection mode (MAX5922A and
MAX5922B/MAX5922C with DET_DIS low). If DET_DIS
is high (MAX5922B/MAX5922C), the MAX5922B/
MAX5922C automatically restart into the power-up
mode after t RESTDRT . If the fault was due to an
overtemperature condition, the MAX5922 waits for its
die temperature to cool down below the hysteresis level
before starting the tRESTART time.
Detection Collision Avoidance
0V
VFAULT
0V
t
tOC
tRESTART
t < tOC
Detection collision avoidance is enabled by connecting
the DCA pin directly to VDIG and disabled by connecting it to DGND. When DCA is high, the MAX5922A activates a back-off time, tDCA (2.8s), after every failed
detection during PD detection mode. During this backoff time, the MAX5922A turns off the MOSFET and drives the OUT pin to high impedance. This function is
required by the IEEE 802.3af standard if the PSE
resides in a midspan system. After t DCA , the
MAX5922A starts a PD detection sequence. The
MAX5922B has this function internally disabled and the
MAX5922C has this function internally enabled.
Figure 9. Overcurrent Response
18
______________________________________________________________________________________
+48V, Single-Port Network Power Switch
For Power-Over-LAN
PART
PIN-PACKAGE
DETECTION COLLISION AVOIDANCE
MAX5922AEUI
28 TSSOP
Selectable
—
MAX5922BEUI
28 TSSOP
Disabled
Selectable
MAX5922CEUI
28 TSSOP
Enabled
Selectable
Pin Configuration
PD DETECTION DISABLE
Chip Information
TRANSISTOR COUNT: 8687
PROCESS: BiCMOS
TOP VIEW
DRAIN 1
28 OUT
DRAIN 2
27 OUT
N.C. 3
26 N.C.
25 DET_DIS (DCA)
IN 4
24 CLASS
RCL 5
N.C. 6
AGND_S 7
MAX5922A
MAX5922B
MAX5922C
23 VDIG
22 EN
UVLO 8
21 ZC_EN
RDT 9
20 LATCH
FAULT 10
19 DGND
POK 11
18 CL0
ZC 12
17 CL1
TP1 13
16 CL2
TP2 14
15 TP3
TSSOP
( ) MAX5922A ONLY.
______________________________________________________________________________________
19
MAX5922
Selector Guide
+48V, Single-Port Network Power Switch
For Power-Over-LAN
MAX5922
Typical Application Circuits
+48V POWER OVER
SIGNAL PAIRS
LAN SWITCH
RJ45
+48V IN
RJ45
+48V OUT
PD
MAX5922A/MAX5922B
CAT5
POWERED DEVICE
(IP PHONES, WIRELESS LAN
ACCESS NODE, SECURITY
CAMERA, ETC.)
DATA
POWER SENT OVER SIGNAL PAIRS
+48V POWER OVER
SPARE PAIRS
RJ45
RJ45
CAT5
MIDSPAN HUB
RJ45
+48V IN
PD
MAX5922A/MAX5922C
CAT5
POWERED DEVICE
(IP PHONES, WIRELESS LAN
ACCESS NODE, SECURITY
CAMERA, ETC.)
POWER SENT OVER SPARE PAIRS
RSENSE
0.5Ω
1%
+48V
0.1µF
100V
47µF
100V
RRCL
150Ω
1%
4
IN
8
5
9
RRDT
18.2kΩ
1%
48V
OUTPUT TO
PORT
1, 2
DRAIN
100Ω
UVLO
VDIG
RCL
POK
RDT
FAULT
680nF
ZC
MAX5922
18
OPEN-DRAIN
OUTPUTS
REFERENCED
TO DGND
1Ω
5%
1/16W
AGND
17
16
CL0
LATCH
CL1
ZC_EN
CL2
EN
DCA*
7
B1100LB
100V, 1A
27, 28
OUT
CLASS
20
RJ45
+48V OUT
AGND_S
DGND
10µF
10V
11
10
1µF
10V
OPEN-DRAIN OUTPUTS
REFERENCED TO DGND
12
24
20
21
22
25
ON
OFF
CONNECT DCA TO VDIG
FOR MIDSPAN MODE
19
NOTE: ALL SIGNAL AND DIGITAL INPUTS/OUTPUTS ARE
REFERENCED TO DGND. DGND CAN BE ±4V FROM AGND_S.
*MAX5922A ONLY. MAX5922B/MAX5922C DO NOT HAVE A DCA PIN.
______________________________________________________________________________________
VDIG 1.65V TO 5.5V
(REF TO DGND)
+48V, Single-Port Network Power Switch
For Power-Over-LAN
TSSOP4.40mm.EPS
Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. No circuit patent licenses are
implied. Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time.
Maxim Integrated Products, 120 San Gabriel Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 408-737-7600 ____________________ 21
© 2003 Maxim Integrated Products
Printed USA
is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products.
MAX5922
Package Information
(The package drawing(s) in this data sheet may not reflect the most current specifications. For the latest package outline information,
go to www.maxim-ic.com/packages.)
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