MyTek | Stereo96 ADC | User manual | MyTek Stereo96 ADC User manual

MyTek Stereo96 ADC User manual
MASTERING ANALOG TO DIGITAL CONVERTER
USER MANUAL
VER.7/sep 2010
Use ver.5 manual for earlier units (without toslink)
This manual may be updated
Download the newest version at:
http://www.mytekdigital.com
For technical support, technical tips and support check:
Http://www.mytekdigital.com/
or contact Mytek tech support at:
highend@mytekdigital.com
or at:
tel. (646)-613 1822
fax.(212)-202 5331
Mytek
211 Centre Street
New York NY 10013
USA
1
Quick Start………………………………………….…….3
Introduction..……………………………………...............4
Operation- Internal jumper settings.......................…..…...5
Operation- Typical setup -Balanced Signal Source….…...6
Operation- Analog input alignment……………...…….…8
Operation- Unbalanced Signal Source…….......................9
Sampling frequencies and External synchronization…....11
SuperShaper-HR ™ Noise shaping and dithering…..........13
Rack mount shelf.......................................….....................16
Companion Stereo96 DAC.................................................17
Specifications…………………………………………......18
Warranty conditions……………………………………... 19
2
Input volume knob sets the input
sensitivity with range from mute to
+4dB=-10dBFS. This is factory
default. The knob can be disabled
with internal jumpers which can
select either the knob or internal
precision 10 turn trimpots. Refer to
Sample rate selection. Sets the
desired sample rate. When used
with external clock select FS
closest matching that of supplied
external wordclock.
Selects output wordlength as stated. The 20 and
16 bit "flat dither" setting corresponds to signal
dithered with flat dither. Supershaper HR is a high
performace wordlength reduction algorithm similar
to Pow-r(tm). Flat dither is recommended for
multitracking, while Supershaper can be used for
printing final mix to CD-R.
Line power is 115VAC/50/60Hz
(factory default) or
230VAC/50/60Hz switchable by
internal switch accessible after
removing the top cover. 1 Amp
slow blow 20mm fuse is also
accessible under the cover.
Peak meter in -dBFS.
The red LED marked
"0" corresponds to 1
sample overload.
Internal sync provides the best clock stability
(10ps) and thus the best conversion. External
sync is intended for complex systems. It can be
a standard wordclock signal or Protools (tm)
256X superclock. Refer to "Internal jumper
settings" for details. Since internal clock
Optical Toslink output can output
both SPDIF and ADAT formats.
SPDIF format allows to interface
with Mac computers including
Powermac laptops (up to 96kHz).
ADAT format is enabled and
assigned by internal dip switch.
Analog inputs accept a
range of signals from
+4dB balanced and
consumer unbalanced.
Connect pin 3 to ground
TOSLINK
OPT.OUT
ADAT OR SPDIF
SWITCH INSIDE
Wordclock output provides high current drive
and a very stable low jitter clock. It can be
used as a superior house clock to clock or
synchronize other digital equipment. Running
Stereo96ADC on internal clock and slaving the
rest of equipment to Mytek clock is the
recommended setting for best sonic
performance. WCK IO can also be set to 256
“superclock” format used in older Protools
systems. Superclock/wck is selected using
AES/EBU,SPDIF and OPTICAL outputs are
simultaneous. They operate in "single wire"
mode for all sampling frequencies. These
outputs can be used to externally clock other
equipment with the same effect as
wordclock output. Clocking via AES/EBU
line is recommended especially when
cables are very long (over 20ft).
3
Introduction to
Stereo96 Series Converters
The MYTEK Stereo96 series consists of two 1/3 rack units- the
Stereo96 ADC and the Stereo 96 DAC. They are also a part of
an extended family of 1/3 rack units which also includes 192kHz
capable converters, SRC and Studio Clock. Stereo96 converters
can be used as stand-alone devices for a variety of studio
applications such as mastering, recording and playback,
whenever the highest quality conversion is required.
Users choose Mytek converters primarily for their outstanding
sound quality. The sound of Mytek converters can be described
as "transparent". We design our converters to be as faithful to the
signal as possible, rather than follow a philosophy of some other
manufacturers who offer "analog" or "tube" sounding converters.
Mytek converters are closest to a straight wire, which is
especially evident when used at full 24/96 resolution. Sonically
they are equal or better than the most expensive mastering
converters. Even when used in 16 bit mode, the Stereo96
converters produce 20dB (10 times) less distortion than typical
converters found in budget recording equipment. On the Mytek
website you can find and download various sound samples to
evaluate the Stereo96 series sound quality and compare it to the
sound of other high end converter units. To download samples
log onto:
http://www.mytekdigital.com/compare/listening_tests.htm
Stereo96 ADC features include:
-
44.1, 48, 88.2 and 96kHz internal sampling frequencies
Ext. wordclock sync 25-100kHz or 256x Superclock(tm)
120dB Dynamic Range
24 bit resolution
High performance SuperShaper-HR™ psychoacoustic
noiseshaping algorithm for 16 bit output
Switchable precision 10 turn-trimpots or input gain knob
Wordclock output can be used as a hi-end house clock.
4
JP2, JP5 - insert front two internal 10 turn trimpots as the input gain
control- use requires input calibration with a sinewave generator.
JP3, JP6 - set gain at fixed -15dBFS=+4dBm (1.228VRMS measured
btwn pins 2 and 3) - provides precision matching of L/R sensitivity at
standard fixed gain.
JP1, JP4 - insert front stereo potentiometer as the input gain control- used
typically for most applications. Turn it all the way up for unbalanced
consumer -10dBV sources.
Internal input gain jumpers:
dipsw4 ADAT_OUT0 -ADAT CHAN ASSIGN 0
dipsw5 ADAT_OUT1 -ADAT CHAN ASSIGN 1
ADAT_OUT1, ADAT_OUT0
OFF, OFF -> output assigned to chan 1-2
OFF, ON -> output assigned to chan 3-4
ON, OFF -> output assigned to chan 5-6
dipsw3 OPTICAL ADAT/SPDIF
ON: ADAT 44/48K
OFF:SPDIF
dipsw2 WRDCK/SUPERCK SELECT (overrides dipsw 1)
ON: IO=SUPERCLOCK 256
OFF:IO=WCK
dipsw1 WRDCK DIVIDED BY 2
ON: WCK=FS/2 FOR 88.2/96K AND =FS FOR 44/48K
OFF: WCK ALWAYS=FS
DIPSWITCH SW4 :
Connect this jumper when Stereo96 ADC is the last destination in a chain
fed by external wordclock source and the cable is long (above 6ft). For
short cables and wordclock sources with unknown drive capability Jp7
should be left unconnected (unterminated) (retain the jumper on one pin
(Default)
Front Pot
Inserted
Fixed Gain
Trimpot
6
JP7 - inserts 75 ohm termination resistor parallel to wordclock input.
Termination is not required if cable is short (6 ft or less) and it’s not
recommended if the wordclock source cannot drive low impedances.
65 4321
On
Off
L/R INPUT TRIMPOTS
FIRMWARE EPROM
USER UPGRADEABLE
Terminated
Default
Stereo96ADC internal trimpots and jumper assignments
(remove top cover to access)
5
7
5
T1 Amp 20mm
Slow Blow fuse
115VAC/230VAC
power switch
Typical Setup
Balanced signal source
Stereo96 ADC is equipped with 2 XLR analog inputs. For best signal
to noise performance it is recommended the signal source has a
typical low impedance output with standard +4dB line level balanced
signal. Alternatively a weaker unbalanced signal source can be used as
described in subsequent paragraph.
In typical setup the ADC is running on its internal clock with the rest
of equipment synchronized to Mytek clock either through digital
output signal or wordclock. In this configuration Mytek ADC serves
as a very stable low jitter house clock which increases the integrity
and robustness of the rest of the system. Because of careful design this
clock is as good or better than dedicated studio clock generators.
Unlike in lesser quality equipment there is no sonic benefit in
clocking Mytek ADC externally. In case of such operational need
refer to "Sampling frequencies and external synchronization".
Setup for typical balanced operation includes following steps:
1. Setup all other connections.
2. Select desired clock source (sync), either internal or external. If
external wordclock or superclock source is required for systemic
reasons, setup its mode using the DIP switch as described in "Internal
jumpers".
The wordclock source can be terminated with internal 75 Ohm resistor
inside the Mytek unit (see: "Internal jumpers"). The termination is
recommended when using long wordclock cables (above 10 ft) and
when the wordclock source is capable handling such termination. Do
not terminate if the source is not capable of high current drive or cable
is short.
3. Select sampling frequency. If wordclock/superclock is used the
sampling frequency has to correspond to external clock frequency
(can be multiple, see: "Internal jumpers")
6
4. Select output wordlength- 24 bit full output is recommended. 16 and
20 bit output are meant to be used when the destination (recorder such
as CDR, ADAT tape machine) limits the wordlength. 20 bit output is
dithered with flat dither. 16 bit output can either be dithered flat
(recommended for multitrack recording) or 16 bit noiseshaped
(recommended for final masters, printing to CDR or DAT machine).
The Supershaper HR (tm) used for 16 bit wordlenght reduction is a
sophisticated 9th order noise shaper with dither, similar in operation to
Pow-r #3 (tm) noise reduction algorithm (see: "Supershaper HR...").
5. Synchronize the destination either to digital input sync or to
wordclock sync, depending on system configuration. The quality of
recorded signal does not depend on how the digital destination is
synchronized with Mytek AD converter.
6. Record- adjust input level with knob or by adjusting level at the
source. Unless you are printing final CD master, we do not
recommend recording too hot. There is no sonic benefit of pushing the
level up to 0dBFS. A healthy 1-2-3 dBs headroom allows more
freedom in later processing and mixing of recorded tracks. The red
peak light is triggered digitally when 1 or more samples are overload.
It's not recommended to peak frequently although occasional
overloads might be acceptable.
7
Analog Input Alignment
When using internal trimpots analog input level needs to be aligned
using an approx 1kHz sinewave fed from +4dB balanced source. The
alignment does not affect audio quality, only input sensitivity. The
alignment is performed using 10 turn trimpots inside the unit (see:
"Internal Jumpers"). A small tweaker or screwdriver is necessary.
You have to arbitrarily decide what will be your studio "0 VU"
analog/digital reference level. It is usually between -20 and -14dB. It
defines how much headroom you have left over the normal operating
"0 VU" level. You may set it at the same level as other piece of
equipment in your studio. For example Panasonic 3700 is fixed at 18dB (which is low for most rock and roll recordings). ADAT is fixed
at -15dB which is a typical optimal level.
1.Set the oscillator in your console at 1kHz and "0 VU". Send the
oscillator to the ADC analog input."0 VU" at + 4dB corresponds to
1.225 Volts RMS measured between pin 2 and 3 of the output XLRs.
If you do not have an analog oscillator, you can use a calibrated
analog out of a DA converter and generate the sinewave inside the
DAW.
2. Connect a digital PEAK meter to a digital output. If you don't have
a dedicated digital meter use the most precise meter available in you
existing digital recording equipment or DAW.
3. Adjust the analog input level to get appropriate reading of the meter
(for example -15dB).
The alignment has to be performed with accuracy of 0.1dB to be
considered accurate.
Similar alignment procedure with 0.1dB accuracy is required for valid
A/B listening comparisons between different pieces of equipment. A
slightly louder source is typically perceived as "better" sounding.
8
Unbalanced Signal Source
Operation
Stereo96ADC can be operated with weaker consumer level
unbalanced signal sources. Follow these steps in such case.
1. Unbalanced cable used to feed the unit must have signal connected
to pin 2 of XLR, ground (shield) connected to pin 1 and 3.
2. Setup all other connections.
3. Select desired clock source (sync), either internal or external. If
external wordclock or superclock source is required for systemic
reasons, setup its mode using the DIP switch as described in "Internal
jumpers".
The wordclock source can be terminated with internal 75 Ohm resistor
inside the Mytek unit (see: "Internal jumpers"). The termination is
recommended when using long wordclock cables (above 10 ft) and
when the wordclock source is capable handling such termination. Do
not terminate if the source is not capable of high current drive or cable
is short.
4. Select sampling frequency. If wordclock/superclock is used the
sampling frequency has to correspond to external clock frequency
(can be multiple, see: "Internal jumpers")
5. Select output wordlength- 24 bit full output is recommended. 16
and 20 bit output are meant to be used when the destination (recorder
such as CDR, ADAT tape machine) limits the wordlength. 20 bit
output is dithered with flat dither. 16 bit output can either be dithered
flat (recommended for multitrack recording) or 16 bit noiseshaped
(recommended for final masters, printing to CDR or DAT machine).
The Supershaper HR (tm) used for 16 bit wordlenght reduction is a
sophisticated 9th order noise shaper with dither, similar in operation to
Pow-r #3 (tm) noise reduction algorithm (see: "Supershaper HR...")
9
6. Synchronize the destination either to digital input sync or to
wordclock sync, depending on system configuration. The quality of
recorded signal does not depend on how the digital destination is
synchronized with Mytek AD converter.
7. Record- adjust input level by adjusting level at the source. Unless you
are printing final CD master, we do not recommend recording too hot.
There is no sonic benefit of pushing the level up to 0dBFS. A healthy 12-3 dBs headroom allows more freedom in later processing and mixing
of recorded tracks. The red peak light is triggered digitally when 1 or
more samples are overload. It's not recommended to peak frequently
although occasional overloads might be acceptable.
10
Sampling frequencies
and External Synchronization
In typical setup the ADC is running on its internal clock with the rest of
equipment synchronized to Mytek clock either through digital output
signal or wordclock. In this configuration Mytek ADC serves as a very
stable low jitter house clock which increases the integrity and robustness
of the rest of the system. Because of careful design this clock is as good
or better than dedicated studio clock generators. Unlike in lesser quality
equipment there is no sonic benefit in clocking Mytek ADC externally.
Mytek internal clock generator is situated within inches of converter
chip and it will always provide a better jitter performance (approx 10ps)
than any external source which is inherently compromised by cable
connections. If external wordclock or superclock source has to be used
for systemic reasons, the Stereo96ADC clock generator will lock to
external source and use a stabilizing PLL circuit to reduce incoming
clock jitter before it reaches the actual AD circuit.
Stereo96ADC can be operated with any of 4 standard sampling
frequencies or at any frequency between 30k-100k when supplied with
external clock source. The measurable audio band performance
(Dynamic Range) stays virtually the same within all these frequencies.
44.1k will be typically used for printing final master. 48k is
recommended for digital video production.
The two higher sampling rates are recommended for discerning users
requiring uncompromised sound quality. In this mode the ADC features
a 40kHz bandwidth (instead of 20k) which allows for improved
transient response of recorded music as well as minimizing the impact
of brick wall antialiasing digital filters on the upper audio band. The end
effect of hi-sampling recording is a more "analog feel" and easiness of
sound and more natural sounding instruments especially percussion or
cymbals.
A decision of choice between 88.2k or 96k should be made based on the
project flow- there might be arguments for one or the other. For example
88.2k may convert to 44.1k with less damaging SRC process, if such
process is available. Most ubiquitous software SRCs are not very good
11
and must not be used for critical projects downsampling. Some such as
Faulkner Downsampler (http://www.audiosignal.co.uk/freeware.html)
provide excellent results for 88.2>44.1 but don't work for 96k. 88.2k is
also easier to upsample to DSD.
96k sample rate, has in our opinion, a marginally better perceived sound
quality than 88.2k but the difference is very small and difficult to
perceive for most people. If the record is going to be mixed in analog
domain, 96k might be a desirable choice for tracking.
12
Mytek “SuperShaper-HR” ™
Noise Shaping and Dither
The Stereo96 A/D converter employs SuperShaper-HR ™ - a
sophisticated psychoacoustically optimized noise shaping and dithering
algorithm. SuperShaper-HR ™ uses 9th order high resolution noise
shaping filters with proprietary filter coefficients developed by Mytek
Inc. The appropriate noiseshaping curve is programmed into
noiseshaping filters. This feature allows for preserving most of 24 bit
performance in 16 bit data output.
60dB
Effective 19 bit performance
50dB
40dB
30dB
20dB
10dB
0dB
16 bit noise level
-10dB
-20dB
-30dB
-40dB
0HZ
5k
10k
15k
20k
25k
Noise shaper performance graphs at 16 bit output
.
When noise-shaping processing is on, the quantization noise is removed
from the audio band, where the noise floor is kept as close as possible to
the 24 bit level, and moved to the 20-22 kHz range.
The noise-shaping filters are automatically engaged at appropriate levels
when 16 bit output marked "Supershaper HR" is selected. If 24 or 20 bit
bit output is selected, the noise-shaping filter is off.
13
More information about use of noise shaping in high resolution recording can
be found in the following Audio Engineering Society Preprints
( http://www.aes.org ):
“Coding Methods for High Resolution Recording Systems”
Preprint Number: 4639 Convention: 103 1997-09
Author: J. Robert Stuart
This paper reviews the recording and reproduction chain from the viewpoints
of digital audio engineering and psychoacoustics. It also attempts to define the
audio requirements of a transparent digital audio channel. The theory and
practice of selecting high sample rates such as 96kHz and word lengths of up to
24 bits are examined. The relative importance of sampling rate and word size at
various points in the recording, mastering, transmission, and replay chain is
discussed.
“Dynamic Range Enhancement Using Noise-Shaped Dither at 44.1, 48, and 96
kHz”
Preprint Number: 4236
Author: J. R. Stuart
Author: R. J. Wilson
Convention: 100 1996-05
This paper presents an overview of the work done on noise shaping,
summarizing how noise shapers are designed, implemented and measured, and
outlining the hearing model used to evaluate the various designs achieved.
“Dynamic Range Enhancement Using Noise-Shaped Dither Applied to Signals
with and without Preemphasis”
Preprint Number: 3871 Convention: 96 1994-03
Author: Robert Stuart
Author: Rhonda J. Wilson
This paper presents new noise-shaped dithers designed to give increased
subjective dynamic range when applied to signals with and without preemphasis.
14
“Optimal Noise Shaping and Dither of Digital Signals”
Preprint Number: 2822 Convention: 87 1989-10
Author: Michael Gerzon
Author: Peter G. Craven
This paper discusses optimizing noise shaping, with or without dither, using
filtered error-feedback round a quantizer.
“Psychoacoustically Optimal Noise Shaping”
Preprint Number: 2965 Convention: 89 1990-09
AES Journal Vol:Issue: 40:7/8 Page: 611 Year: 1992
Author: Robert A. Wannamaker
This paper examines the design of psycho-acoustically optimal noise shaping
filters for requantization in non-oversampling digital audio applications.
15
Rack Mount Shelf
The Stereo96 ADC is 1/3 rack space wide and 1U tall.
Mytek provides a 1U rack mount shelf as accessory to mount up to 3 of 1/3
rack units. The units are attached to shelf with small screw connecting the
shelf to bottom through a threaded hole on the bottom of the unit.
When mounting the unit to the rack, you must follow these procedures to
ensure that you do not cause any damage to your unit:
1. Remove the rubber feet. If the feet are left on then you run the risk
of bending the chassis and/or the circuit board.
2. Use the supplied 1/4” 440 threaded screw only. Any longer and you
can cause permanent damage to the circuit board!
If you want to leave the rubber feet on then you have to be extra careful to
not overtighten the screw past the point of bending the chassis. 1/4” will
possibly work with the feet on but 3/8” 440 thread is recommended, although
there is a higher risk of circuit board damage with a longer screw.
16
Companion Stereo96 DAC
Stereo96 DAC is a two channel hi-end Digital to Analog converter for
recording and mastering applications. The main feature of this converter is
its outstanding sound quality which makes it suitable for the most
demanding projects when preserving the original signal quality is required.
17
Specifications
Conversion:
Linear,
128x oversampling at 44.1/48kHz
64x oversampling at 88.2/96kHz
Resolution:
24 bit
Sample rates:
44.1kHz, 48kHz, 88.2kHz, 96kHz
or wordclock 25-100kHz
Dynamic Range: 120dB A-weighted, 117dB Total
THD+Noise:
-105dB (<0.0005%)
Internal clock jitter:<10picoseconds
Analog Inputs:
+4dBm balanced or unbalanced, 10kOhm
Digital outputs:
Hi-speed (25-100kHz) AES/EBU and SPDIF
Optical TOSLINK SPDIF/ADAT
External Sync.:
Wordclock in and out.
or 256x Superclock
Wordlock Out
as house clock:
15 LS TTL loads max. Can be terminated.
Input Gain.:
Fixed -15dBFS or format potentiometer
or 10 turn precision trimpots adjustable
Mains:
100/115V-220/240V 50/60Hz switchable
Dimensions:
1/3 rack space wide x 1U high x 8” deep
(5.5”x 1.6”x 8”)
Weight:
4 pounds
18
Warranty
This Stereo96ADC digital audio converter is warranted by Mytek to the
original purchaser against defects in workmanship and materials used in
manufacture for a period of one year from the date of purchase. Faults due
to customer misuse, unauthorized modifications or accidents are not
covered by this warranty.
No other warranty is expressed or implied.
Any faulty unit should be sent, shipping prepaid, to the manufacturer
service center. Prior to shipping the client should obtain from Mytek an
RMA# for warranty services. Units sent without RMA# will not be
accepted.
Mytek extends affordable repair service for all units manufactured to date
that are not covered by this Warranty.
19
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