MAX 5160/MAX5161
19-1435; Rev 1; 4/99
Low-Power Digital Potentiometers
Features
The MAX5160/MAX5161 linear-taper digital potentiometers perform the same function as a mechanical potentiometer or a variable resistor. They consist of a fixed
resistor and a wiper contact with 32 tap points that are
digitally controlled by three lines for the 8-pin MAX5160
or by two lines for the 6-pin MAX5161.
♦ 32 Tap Positions
These parts are ideal for applications requiring digitally
controlled resistors. Three resistance values are available for each part type: 50kΩ, 100kΩ, and 200kΩ. A
nominal resistor temperature coefficient of 50ppm/°C
end-to-end and only 5ppm/°C ratiometric makes the
MAX5160 ideal for applications requiring a low-temperature-coefficient variable resistor, such as low-tempco,
adjustable-gain circuit configurations.
♦ 3-Wire Serial Data Input
The MAX5160 is available in an 8-pin µMAX package,
and the MAX5161 is available in a 6-pin SOT23 package. Both devices are guaranteed over the extendedindustrial temperature range (-40°C to +85°C).
♦ 50kΩ, 100kΩ, and 200kΩ Resistance Values
♦ 400Ω Wiper Resistance
♦ ±25% Resistance Tolerance
♦ ±1LSB DNL
♦ ±0.5LSB INL
♦ 100nA Supply Current
♦ Single-Supply Operation: +2.7V to +5.5V
♦ Power-On Reset: Wiper Goes to Midscale
(position 16)
♦ ±2kV ESD Protection
♦ Small-Footprint Packages
6-Pin SOT23 (MAX5161)
8-Pin µMAX (MAX5160)
♦ Glitchless Switching Between the Resistor Taps
Applications
Ordering Information
LCD Screen Adjustment
PART
TEMP. RANGE
PINPACKAGE
R
(kΩ)
MAX5160NEUA
-40°C to +85°C
8 µMAX
200
100
Volume Control
Mechanical Potentiometer Replacement
MAX5160MEUA
-40°C to +85°C
8 µMAX
MAX5160LEUA
-40°C to +85°C
8 µMAX
50
MAX5161NEUT
-40°C to +85°C
6 SOT23-6
200
MAX5161MEUT
-40°C to +85°C
6 SOT23-6
100
MAX5161LEUT
-40°C to +85°C
6 SOT23-6
50
Functional Diagram
Pin Configurations
H
TOP VIEW
VDD
GND
MAX5160
MAX5161
L 1
INC
CS
INC
UP/DN
COUNTER
POSITION
DECODER
W
U/D
1
U/D
2
H
3
GND
4
MAX5160
µMAX
8
VDD
7
CS
6
L
5
W
H 2
MAX5161
GND 3
6
VDD
5
INC
4
U/D
SOT23-6
L
________________________________________________________________ Maxim Integrated Products
1
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For small orders, phone 1-800-835-8769.
MAX5160/MAX5161
General Description
MAX5160/MAX5161
Low-Power Digital Potentiometers
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
VDD to GND ..............................................................-0.3V to +6V
CS, INC, U/D to GND ...............................................-0.3V to +6V
H, L, W to GND.......................................... -0.3V to (VDD + 0.3V)
Input and Output Latchup Immunity ..............................±200mA
Maximum Continuous Current into H, L, and W
MAX516_ _ E _ _..............................................................±1mA
Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70°C)
6-Pin SOT23 (derate 8.7mW/°C above +70°C).............696mW
8-Pin µMAX (derate 4.1mW/°C above +70°C) ..............330mW
Operating Temperature Range .......................... -40°C to +85°C
Storage Temperature Range .............................-65°C to +150°C
Lead Temperature (soldering, 10sec) ............................+300° C
Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional
operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to
absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(VDD = +2.7V to +5.5V, VH = VDD, VL = 0, TA = TMIN to TMAX. Typical values are at VDD = 5V, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
DC PERFORMANCE
Resolution
3
%
Integral Nonlinearity (Note 1)
INL
±1/2
Differential Nonlinearity (Note 1)
DNL
±1
End-to-End Resistor Tempco
TCR
50
Ratiometric Resistor Tempco
Zero-Scale Error
Wiper Resistance
RW
400
Wiper Capacitance
CW
10
End-to-End Resistance
HL
LSB
ppm/°C
5
Full-Scale Error
LSB
ppm/°C
-0.1
LSB
+0.1
LSB
1700
Ω
pF
MAX516_NE_ _
150
200
250
MAX516_ME_ _
75
100
125
MAX516_LE_ _
37.5
50
62.5
kΩ
DIGITAL INPUTS
Input High Voltage
VIH
Input Low Voltage
VIL
0.7 · VDD
V
0.3 · VDD
Input Leakage Current
±1
Input Capacitance
5
V
µA
pF
TIMING CHARACTERISTICS (Figure 6)
CS to INC Setup Time
tCI
25
ns
CS to INC Hold Time
tIC
0
ns
INC Low Period
tIL
25
ns
INC High Period
tIH
25
ns
U/D to INC Hold
tID
0
ns
U/D to INC Setup
tDI
50
Wiper-Settling Time
tIW
INC Frequency
ns
1
fIMAX
µs
7
MHz
5.5
10
V
µA
nA
POWER SUPPLIES
Supply Voltage
Supply Current
VDD
IDD
2.7
CS = INC = U/D =
VDD or GND
VDD = 5V
VDD = 2.7V
0.6
135
Note 1: For the MAX5160, linearity is defined in terms of H to L code-dependent resistance.
2
_______________________________________________________________________________________
Low-Power Digital Potentiometers
800
END-TO-END RESISTANCE % CHANGE
RWMAX = 574.0804
WIPER RESISTANCE (Ω)
0.06
MAX5160/61 toc01
1,000
VDD = +2.7V
600
400
VDD = +5V
200
200kΩ 50kΩ
0.04
0.02
100kΩ
MAX5160/61 toc02
END-TO-END RESISTANCE % CHANGE
vs. TEMPERATURE
WIPER RESISTANCE
vs. WIPER VOLTAGE
0
-0.02
100kΩ
200kΩ
-0.04
50kΩ
-0.06
-0.08
-0.1
-0.12
-0.14
0
0
1
2
3
4
WIPER VOLTAGE (V)
TEMPERATURE (°C)
END-TO-END RESISTANCE
vs. TAP POSITION
END-TO-END RESISTANCE
vs. TAP POSITION
MAX5160/61 toc04
200kΩ
175
100kΩ
100
90
80
RESISTANCE (kΩ)
150
125
100
75
70
60
50
40
30
50
20
25
10
0
5
9
13
17
21
25
29
0
33
1
TAP POSITION
5
9
13
17
21
25
29
33
TAP POSITION
END-TO-END RESISTANCE
vs. TAP POSITION
50
MAX5160/61 toc05
1
50kΩ
45
40
RESISTANCE (kΩ)
RESISTANCE (kΩ)
110
MAX5160/61 toc03
225
200
-0.16
-40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90
5
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
1
5
9
13
17
21
25
29
33
TAP POSITION
_______________________________________________________________________________________
3
MAX5160/MAX5161
Typical Operating Characteristics
(VDD = +5V, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
Typical Operating Characteristics (continued)
(VDD = +5V, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
MAX5160/61 toc06
0.8
0.7
0.6
MAX5160/61 toc07
TAP-TO-TAP SWITCHING TRANSIENT
SUPPLY CURRENT vs. TEMPERATURE
0.9
SUPPLY CURRENT (µA)
MAX5160/MAX5161
Low-Power Digital Potentiometers
OUTPUT
W
50mV/div
VDD = +5V
0.5
0.4
0V
0.3
0.2
INC
2V/div
VDD = +2.7V
0V
0.1
0
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
80
5µs/div
100
TEMPERATURE (°C)
Pin Description
PIN
PIN
NAME
4
FUNCTION
MAX5160
MAX5161
1
5
INC
Wiper Increment Control Input. With CS low, a high-to-low transition increments
(U/D high) or decrements (U/D low) the wiper position.
2
4
U/D
Up/Down Control Input. With CS low, a high-to-low INC transition increments
(U/D high) or decrements (U/D low) the wiper position.
3
2
H
4
3
GND
5
—
W
Wiper Terminal of Resistor
6
1
L
Low Terminal of Resistor
7
—
CS
Chip-Select Input. Drive low to change the wiper position via INC and U/D.
8
6
VDD
Power Supply
High Terminal of Resistor
Ground
_______________________________________________________________________________________
Low-Power Digital Potentiometers
The MAX5160/MAX5161 consist of resistor arrays with
31 resistive elements. Thirty-two tap points are accessible to the wiper along the resistor string between H and
L. Logic inputs CS, U/D, and INC determine the position of the wiper. With CS low and U/D high, a high-tolow transition on INC increments the internal counter,
increasing the resistance between W and L. When both
CS and U/D are low, a high-to-low INC transition
decrements the internal counter, decreasing the resistance between W and L. At either end (maximum or minimum positions), additional transitions in the direction of
the end points will not change the counter value (the
counter will not wrap around).
The H and L terminals of the MAX5160 are similar to the
two end terminals of a mechanical potentiometer. The
tap W is equivalent to the variable tap (wiper) of the
potentiometer.
The MAX5161 is similar to the MAX5160 except that CS
internally connects to ground and the wiper terminal (W)
is shorted to the high terminal (H). The MAX5161 acts as
a variable resistor (a potentiometer with the wiper and
one end terminal shorted together).
The MAX5160/MAX5161 feature power-on reset circuitry that sets the wiper position to midscale at power-up.
Applications Information
The MAX5160/MAX5161 are intended for circuits
requiring digitally controlled adjustable voltage or
adjustable gain, such as LCD contrast control, where
voltage biasing adjusts the display contrast.
Controlling a Switch-Mode
LCD Bias Generator
Figure 1 shows an application where the MAX5161 is
used with a MAX1771 to make an adjustable positive
LCD-bias circuit. The output of the MAX1771 is a positive voltage that is digitally controlled through the
MAX5160/MAX5161. Similarly, Figure 2 shows the
application of the MAX5161 in a digitally controlled
negative LCD-bias circuit along with the MAX774/
MAX775/MAX776.
VIN = 5V
C1
68µF
VIN
C2
0.1µF
2
L1
22µH
V+
5 REF
C3
0.1µF
4 SHDN
MAX1771
6 AGND
EXT
CS
FB
1
C1
150µF
VOUT = 12V
AT 0.5A
D1
1N5817-22
C4
300µF
C2
0.1µF
R2
MAX5161
N
MTD20N03HDL
1 OUT
3
V+
5
R3
0.07Ω
SHDN MAX774
2
FB
MAX775 CS 6
MAX776
7
EXT
Q1
Si9435
P
VOUT
RVAR
8
3
RSENSE
40mΩ
R1
R2
GND
7
4
C3
0.1µF
C5
1N5822/
MBR340
L1
22µH
REF
GND
8
C4*
RVAR
MAX5161
* MAX774 = 330µF, 10V
MAX775, MAX776 = 120µF, 20V
R1
VREF = 1.5V
VOUT(MAX) R2 VOUT(MIN)
R2
=
,
=
R1
VREF
R1 + RVAR
VREF
VOUT(MAX) R2
=
+1
R1
VREF
(
VOUT(MIN)
R2
=
R1 + RVAR(MAX)
VREF
Figure 1. Adjustable Positive LCD Bias
)
+1
VREF - VFB
5µA (FOR 2% GAIN-SETTING ACCURACY)
R1 + RVAR
Figure 2. Adjustable Negative LCD Bias
_______________________________________________________________________________________
5
MAX5160/MAX5161
Detailed Description
MAX5160/MAX5161
Low-Power Digital Potentiometers
Alternative Positive
LCD Bias Control
Alternatively, use an op amp to provide buffering and
gain to the output of the MAX5160/MAX5161. Connect
the MAX5160 to the positive input of a noninverting op
amp (Figure 3) to select a portion of the input signal by
digitally controlling the wiper terminal. Figure 4 shows a
similar circuit for the MAX5161.
Adjustable Gain
Figure 5 shows how to use the MAX5161 to digitally
adjust the gain of a noninverting op amp configuration.
Connect the MAX5161 in series with a resistor to ground
to form the adjustable gain control of a noninverting
amplifier. The MAX5160/MAX5161 have a low 5ppm/°C
ratiometric tempco that allows for a very stable adjustable gain configuration over temperature.
Serial Interface
Figure 6 is the serial-interface timing diagram.
+5V
+5V
+5V
+5V
H MAX5161
MAX5160
H
INC
U/D
30V
VDD
INC
U/D
CS
GND
W
30V
VDD
GND
VOUT
VOUT
L
L
GAIN 6
GAIN 6
Figure 3. MAX5160 Positive LCD Bias Control
Figure 4. MAX5161 Positive LCD Bias Control
VCC
VCC
VIN
VIN
VOUT
VOUT
+5V
H
INC
U/D
W
H
L
MAX5161
VDD
GND
L
MAX5160
a)
b)
Figure 5. Adjustable Gain Circuit: a) MAX5161; b) MAX5160
6
_______________________________________________________________________________________
Low-Power Digital Potentiometers
MAX5160/MAX5161
CS
tCI
tIC
tIL
INC
tIH
tDI
U/D
tID
tIW
W
Figure 6. Serial-Interface Timing Diagram
Chip Information
Truth Table
CS
U/D
INC
RW
H
xx-X
X
O
L
L
↑
O
L
H
↑
O
L
L
↓
—
L
H
↓
+
TRANSISTOR COUNT: 969
X = Don’t care
O = Previous state
+ = Increment
— = Decrement
↓ = High-to-Low Transition
↑ = Low-to-High Transition
_______________________________________________________________________________________
7
Low-Power Digital Potentiometers
6LSOT.EPS
8LUMAXD.EPS
MAX5160/MAX5161
Package Information
Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. No circuit patent licenses are
implied. Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time.
8 _____________________Maxim Integrated Products, 120 San Gabriel Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 408-737-7600
© 1999 Maxim Integrated Products
Printed USA
is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products.
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