Newsletter Canadian Archaeological Association Association canadienne d’archéologie

Newsletter Canadian Archaeological Association Association canadienne d’archéologie
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Canadian Archaeological Association
Association canadienne d’archéologie
Winter 2013 /
Volume 31, Issue 2
Introducing the Issue – Karen Ryan
CAA Annual Meeting and Current Sessions London, ON, May 2014
Digging Books: a review of The Dark Place – Alwynne Beaudoin
Sustainable Archaeology: Western University – Kira Westby
Collaboration for the Protection of Culture and Heritage Sites on
the Sunshine Coast - Erik Blaney and Kim Meyer
Arctic Bigfoot – Charles F. Merbs
Facelift of the Archaeology Storage, Canadian Museum of History –
Stacey Girling-Christie
Introducing New Faculty: Meghan Burchell, Memorial University
NLAS: announcing the Newfoundland and Labrador Archaeological Society
Intellectual Property Issues in Cultural Heritage (IPinCH) Project
News From and For Our Members
Newly Minted: MAs, MScs, and PhDs, 2012-2013
CAA Regional Fieldwork Editors & Call for Submissions to the Newsletter
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Introduction to the Winter Issue
Regional Archaeological
Hello to all CAA members and welcome to
the slightly overdue Fall / Winter edition of
the CAA’s Newsletter. This issue again
showcases some of the amazing work and
interests shared by our members.
British Columbia
Kira Westby details an inter-institutional
research and collections partnership between
University, while a new SSHRC-funded
project based at Simon Fraser University
tackles the issue of intellectual property. Also
inside is an excellent presentation, made at
last year’s CAA meeting, by Erik Blaney and
Kim Meyer on collaborative efforts by the
Tla’amin First Nation and BC government to
protect the region’s heritage.
Charles F. Merbs contributes a great account
of his efforts to get a pair of sealskin komiks,
while Stacey Girling-Christie provides an
update on the collections renovations at the
Canadian Museum of History.
New Brunswick
In addition, there are two news items out of
Newfoundland, another fantastic book review
from Alwynne Beaudoin, as well as the
2012-13 edition of Newly Minted.
Nova Scotia
Finally, you’ll find info on the upcoming
CAA conference, awards (nomination
deadlines soon!), renewal of the CAA
conference student travel grant and, last but
not least, submission details for the
Newsletter’s fieldwork issue. Previous issues
were a great success, so make sure your work
appear in this year’s edition!
Prince Edward Island
Newfoundland and Labrador
Karen Ryan, Newsletter editor
[email protected]
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
2014 Annual Meeting Call for Papers, Sessions, Forums & Posters
On behalf of the organizing committee for the 47th
annual meeting of the Canadian Archaeological
Association, I am pleased to announce the Call for
Sessions, Papers, Forums and Posters for the London
2014 CAA conference.
The annual meeting will be held May 14–18 at the Hilton in
downtown London, Ontario. The conference provides a lively, intellectually stimulating space
for scholars and members of the archaeological community to discuss, learn, and share ideas,
observations, and the results of archaeological research with their peers. The conference is for
anyone with an interest in, and concern for, archaeology in their local community or on a
national or transnational level.
Proposed Sessions
We welcome proposals for sessions that will contribute to the conference discourse on any topic
related to archaeology within Canada and internationally, multi-disciplinary approaches to
archaeology, regional cultural historical reviews, themes relating to archaeological theory,
discourse, issues of contemporary practice, methodology, or on topics of a related material or
historical theme. A session proposal should include a session title, a 250 word abstract, a list of
confirmed or potential participants, and the name and contact information for the proposal
organizer. Please submit your proposal or any questions you might have to Matt Beaudoin
[[email protected]] with the subject line Session Proposal.
Paper Submissions
We welcome paper submissions for standalone papers or ones that are part of an organized
session. Papers will be scheduled for 20 minutes, and if you are not submitting as part of an
organized session your paper will be inserted into an available appropriate session or be part of a
general session. A paper submission should include a title, a 250 word abstract, and the name
and contact information for the author(s)/presenter(s). Please submit your proposal or any
questions you might have to Matt Beaudoin [[email protected]] with the subject line
Paper Submission.
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
We welcome proposals for forums that create a venue for open discussion of issues of
contemporary concern in practice between audience members and a panel of discussants
knowledgeable of the topic of the forum. Forums will be scheduled as half day or quarter day
events, as directed by the forum organizers. A forum submission should include a title, a 250
word abstract, and a list of confirmed or potential discussants (typically no less than 5 and no
more than 8), and the name and contact information for the forum organizer and discussants.
Please submit your proposal or any questions you might have to Matt Beaudoin
[[email protected]] with the subject line Forum Submission.
Poster Submissions
We welcome submissions for a poster session. There will be poster sessions throughout the
conference and a student poster competition. A paper submission should include a title, a 250
word abstract, and the name and contact information for the presenter(s). If you would like to be
considered for the student poster competition please include your year and associated university.
Please submit your proposal or any questions you might have to Matt Beaudoin
[[email protected]] with the subject line Poster Submission.
Individual paper and poster submissions will be accepted until February 14th, 2014.
We look forward to receiving your proposal and we hope you will be able to join us in London in
May 2014!
Conference Contacts:
Joshua Dent / Matt Beaudoin - [email protected]
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Planned Sessions:
The Business of Archaeology in Ontario
Session Sponsored by the Association of Professional Archaeologists
Session organizer: Scarlett Janusas ([email protected])
Technology, Objects, and Cultures in the Northeast
Session organizers: Cora Woosley ([email protected]) and Kora Stapelfeldt
([email protected])
Geophysical Survey Applications to Archaeology
Session organizer: John Dunlop ([email protected])
Looking Forward, Looking Back: Current Archaeological Research in the Circumpolar
Session organizers: Patricia Wells ([email protected]) and Lisa Hodgetts ([email protected])
Community-Based Archaeology
Session organizers: Lisa Hodgetts ([email protected]) and Patricia Wells ([email protected])
Modernization and Archaeological Practice
Session organizers: Katherine Cappella ([email protected]) and Teresa Wagner
([email protected])
Spatial Analysis and past societies: Canadian and International approaches to spatial
analysis in archaeology
Session organizers: Mike Moloney ([email protected]) and Jeff Seibert
([email protected])
Old Data, New Research: Critical approaches to material culture
Session organizer: Jordan Downey ([email protected])
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
The Ball Site: A Wendat Village in Huronia.
Session in Honour of Dean Knight
Session organizer: Frances Stewart ([email protected])
Distinguishing Beasts from Men: Exploring Past Human Activity Using Isotopic Analyses
of Faunal Remains
Session organizers: Zoe Morris ([email protected]) and Karyn Olsen ([email protected])
Heritage and Legislation
Session organizer: Jennifer Campbell ([email protected])
The Archaeology of the St. Lawrence River Valley after 1000 AD
Session organizer: Christian Gates St-Pierre ([email protected])
Historical Archaeology Coast to Coast to Coast: A Cross Canada Perspective
Session organizer: Matthew Beaudoin ([email protected])
Aspects of Northern Ontario Boreal Forest Archaeology
Session organizer: Dave Norris ([email protected])
Virtual Archaeology
Session organizer: Michael Carter ([email protected])
Student Session
Session organizer: [email protected]
Additional sessions may be added:
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Digging Books: a review of The
the life ways of coastal people at the end of
the last ice age. He’s working alone and
enjoying being able to proceed at his own
pace and organize the project in his own
style. So he’s not best pleased to be
interrupted and asked to take a look at some
fragmentary bone remains that have been
found in a remote part of Olympic National
Dark Place by Aaron Elkins
(Berkley Prime Crime, New York,
Alwynne Beaudoin
Royal Alberta Museum
It is late fall 1982 in Washington State.
Gideon Oliver is a 40-something physical
anthropologist, regarded reverentially by
undergrads as “a grand old man” of the
discipline. He’s the author of the wellregarded text A Structuro-Functional
Phylogeny. It’s required reading for
apparently spend almost a whole term
discussing this book and one former student
rather pompously describes it as “the most
controversial-and I think brilliant-book on
human evolution to come out in decades”.
Gideon occasionally moonlights as a
forensic anthropologist for the FBI when
they have particularly difficult cases
involving partial or problematic skeletal
remains. Right now, he’s working on an
excavation in a cave near Dungeness,
Washington. It’s a month until term starts
and he has to go back to teaching at
Northern California State University and he
wants to make the most of every day for
fieldwork. Despite the gloomy, chilly and
wet weather, he’s absorbed by the
fascinating problems presented by the
excavation. The site is around twelve to
thirteen thousand years old, and so has the
potential to provide some new insights into
The bones were found during the search for
a young woman who went missing after
leaving a campground for a solitary hike
along a forest trail. These bones clearly
don’t belong to a recent body; they are far
too weathered and broken up. The FBI agent
in charge, John Lau, wants Gideon to
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
determine whether these are the remains of
another hiker who disappeared in the Park
six years earlier. In fact, two hikers went
missing at about the same time, and neither
has been found. The search for them was
impeded by the rugged terrain and the
density of the forest. As one searcher
remarked at the time, “They could have been
six feet off the trail, and we’d never have
found them.” It’s not unusual for hikers to
get lost. But three hikers going missing in
the same general area seems far too much of
a coincidence. And now human remains
have been found. Hence the FBI’s interest.
The Park’s managers are concerned about
the situation. It’s not good PR for the Park to
have visitors disappearing. They also don’t
count on the impact of the media hype
surrounding Bigfoot. Before long all the
available campsites are full and the trails are
crowded with curiosity-seekers, hunters, and
cryptozoologists mistaking every treebranch rustle for the charge of a giant
primate. With so many poorly-equipped
urbanites and neophyte outdoor enthusiasts
wandering on and off trail in the forest, the
potential for more lost hikers, accidents or
injuries is high.
From a fragmentary scapula and some other
pieces, Gideon comes up with a probable
age and build that matches one of the two
older missing persons. But then comes a
surprise. The hiker was apparently wounded,
or more likely killed, by a bone projectile
point which Gideon finds deeply embedded
in a vertebra. The hiker didn’t die from
exposure, a fall, or an accident, but was
murdered. So now there’s another mystery
to solve. Who could possibly be using such
weaponry in the twentieth century?
Speculation ranges from a survivalist
rejecting modern technology, to an illicit
bow-hunter making a tragic mistake, to
someone deliberately targeting hikers and
using unusual means as a form of disguise.
There’s even a strong groundswell of belief
that it’s actually Bigfoot, a speculation that
Gideon inadvertently fires up by some
injudicious remarks about superhuman
strength at a press conference. He’s not
particularly media-savvy, and it didn’t occur
to him that the reporters would mistake
sarcasm for genuine comment. Well, duh, he
probably won’t make that mistake again.
Chief Park Ranger Julie Tendler is less
interested in Bigfoot and more interested in
Gideon. She respects his expertise on
skeletal remains, but is highly skeptical of
his various hypotheses to explain his
findings. She loves the Park and the forest
and is concerned that something or someone
out there is harming visitors. Whatever it is,
she wants to find it before any more
fatalities occur. She’s formidably wellqualified for her job, with a masters in
ecology and a stint in the army before
joining the National Park Service. She’s
very comfortable in the forest and is good at
wilderness survival and tracking. Just as
well, because she needs to draw on those
skills when Gideon impulsively heads into
the forest and gets lost. Together, Gideon
and Julie slowly figure out the true
explanation for the missing hikers, which
most readers will have worked out long
before they do.
Elkins has written seventeen novels so far
featuring Gideon Oliver, the latest (Dying on
the Vine) was published in 2012. The Dark
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Place was the second novel in the series, and
so the character and life story are still
developing. Gideon is an engaging
personality, with enough flaws to make him
interesting. He’s woefully ignorant of
projectile point technology though, which is
difficult to believe for an anthropologist
working in northwest coast archaeology.
And surely a professional in a field-oriented
discipline would set off into the bush with
more than a plastic poncho, a bivvy-sack, a
sleeping bag, ten tins of sardines, a bunch of
grapes, and a loaf of bread. Hmmm, canned
sardines in bear country? A really bad idea!
The temperate rain forest setting is wellevoked, dark, dank, and shivery, but with a
majestic beauty all its own. Not
unexpectedly for a tale that’s almost thirty
years old, some of the language and cultural
assumptions are dated and out-of-step with
archaeological techniques. Knowledgeable
readers should brace for an occasional wince
and may be offended by the rather cavalier
treatment of some human remains.
Nevertheless, the novel remains an
entertaining read, as are the rest of the
Now Available – the newest issue of the
Canadian Journal of Archaeology (37.2)
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Sustainable Archaeology:
In 2013, Sustainable Archaeology: Western
marked two years of occupancy of its new
research facility and laboratories, located
next to the Museum of Ontario Archaeology
in London, Ontario. Throughout the last
year, a primary focus has been the
development of operational policies for
Sustainable Archaeology, including best
practices for care and management of the
combined 86,000 boxes of archaeological
materials that will be housed physically at
the Western and McMaster facilities.
Collections at the two facilities will be
packaged in archival-standard materials,
held in a stable, monitored environment, and
tracked through the use of inventory
management tools such as radio frequency
identification (RFID) and data matrix (DM)
barcodes. Development of practices for
collections monitoring and management
have been closely tied to the broader
development of the Informational Platform,
which will include internal data entry and
collections management functionality. When
complete, the Informational Platform will be
a web-based, open-access research-oriented
database that will enable archaeological
researchers, Descendant communities and
the public direct access to the consolidated
record of over 13,000 years of human
history in Ontario, including artifacts,
reports, and other associated data sets.
Western University
Kira Westby
Western University
Sustainable Archaeology is an interinstitutional collaborative research initiative
between Western University in London,
Ontario, and McMaster University in
Hamilton, Ontario, funded by the Canadian
Foundation for Innovation and the Ontario
Research Fund. Together Sustainable
Archaeology: Western and Sustainable
Archaeology: McMaster will consolidate
collections from across Ontario, both
physically in the artifact repositories at the
two facilities, and digitally through the
conversion of object data to digital
information. Collections held at Sustainable
Archaeology will be incorporated into the
Informational Platform: a research-driven
and research-enabling web-based database
system. Through the Informational Platform,
Sustainable Archaeology aims to make
archaeological data accessible beyond
archaeology, allowing for a wider
engagement with Ontario’s archaeological
Research at Sustainable Archaeology:
Western focuses on the use of nondestructive digital imaging technologies for
value-added analyses of archaeological sites
and materials. Specialist equipment held onsite in the Ancient Images Laboratory
includes a micro-CT scanner, digital x-ray,
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
archaeological objects, including the
integration of texture and colour to create
life-like 3D models. In total over 300
artifacts were digitized over the span of a
few weeks. These digitized artifacts were
integrated into a 3D virtual re-creation of the
Lawson site, a 16th century Neutral village
located in London, Ontario, developed and
animated by the students over the course of
the internship. The re-creation of the
Lawson site village and animations of 3D
archaeological objects are currently on
display in the Museum’s galleries.
3D printer, white light 3D scanners and a red
laser 3D scanner. Over the past year this
equipment has contributed to a diverse range
of research projects by both graduate
students and faculty of the Department of
Anthropology at Western University.
geophysical survey equipment (magnetic
gradiometer, ground penetrating radar, and
resistivity meter) has also contributed to a
number of projects, including cemetery
surveys by consultant archaeologists at
several sites in Ontario, and by the Ontario
Heritage Trust at Uncle Tom’s Cabin a
national historic site in Dresden, ON, as well
as geophysical investigations of buried
earthworks at Old Fort Erie by
archaeologists from
Over the course of the last two years,
Sustainable Archaeology: Western has
forged connections with a number of
institutions, including the Centre for Digital
Archaeology at University of California:
Berkley, the Federated Archaeological
Information Management System (FAIMS)
Project at University of New South Wales,
the Centre for the Studies of Archaeological
and Prehistoric Heritage at the Universitat
Autònoma de Barcelona, the University of
Chicago, Wilfrid Laurier University, and the
Art Gallery of Ontario, as well as with a
number of cultural resource management
firms in Ontario. We have formed formal
partnerships with the Archaeology Data
In the summer of 2012, Sustainable
Archaeology: Western partnered with the
Museum of Ontario Archaeology and
Loyalist College in Belleville, Ontario to
host an internship of ten digital animation
students, funded by MITACS and the
Ontario Museums and Technology Fund.
Using Sustainable Archaeology’s white light
and red laser 3D scanners, the students
developed protocols for the digitization of
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Service (ADS), and look forward to forming
additional connections with research
institutions and initiatives that share our
goals of advancing a sustainable form of
accessibility to archaeological heritage.
Sustainable Archaeology is also committed
to forming partnerships with Descendant
communities, and to enabling Indigenous
scholars and First Nations communities the
ability to access and research the material
heritage held at the two facilities beyond
archaeology, in ways relevant to them.
our blog:,
and on our website:
Sustainable Archaeology:
Western 1600 Attawandaron Rd.,
London, Ontario
Principal Investigator, Dr. Neal Ferris,
[email protected]
Operations Manager, Dr. Rhonda Bathurst,
[email protected]
In 2014 we look forward to getting our
database operational, as well as starting to
accept collections into the facility. We will
continue to
share updates on
development of the project, as
well as
research projects conducted at the facility on
Sustainable Archaeology: McMaster
Principal Investigator, Dr. Aubrey Cannon
([email protected])
Follow the CAA on Facebook!
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Collaboration for the Protection
of Culture and Heritage Sites
on the Sunshine Coast
Originally presented at the 46th Annual
Meeting of the Canadian Archaeological
Originally Whistler
at May
the 46th Annual
Meeting of the Canadian Archaeological
Association, Whistler, BC. May 15-18, 2013.
Erik Blaney (Tla’amin First Nation
Kim Meyer (Manager, Compliance and
Enforcement FLNRO South Coast Region)
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
The Guardian Watchmen take pictures and use site forms from RAAD to determine whether or not sites
are being tampered with. This burial site pictured has seen some dramatic changes over the past 9 years
and signs of people walking through the site are evident. [Editor’s note: visible human remains have been digitally
removed from this image]
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Sept. 6 more education with C&E Director Kevin Edquist and Arch Branch Paula Thorogood invited to
share some the good work our collaboration team and some of the challenges. In the slide above we are
revisiting an Arch site that was discovered on one of our patrols.
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
60 new tent platforms were built in areas that were determined to be culturally appropriate with new
designs for outhouses being employed. The slider type outhouse and throne type outhouse are now the
only type of outhouse approved for the Marine Park.
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Arctic Bigfoot
Charles F. Merbs
Arizona State University
“My husband told me you wanted some
traditional boots,” Oona said. “Pitseolak
will draw your foot and make the boots.
Take off one of your shoes.”
Soon after arriving in Coral Harbour on
Southampton Island in 1959 I decided to get
a pair of boots like those I saw all the local
Inuit wearing. I asked the Hudson Bay
manager if it were possible for an outsider
like myself, a kabloona, to get a pair of
genuine Inuit komik and he said absolutely.
He would have a good bootmaker stop by
my cabin that afternoon to get my
I did so and Pitseolak squatted on her heals
and carefully drew an outline of my foot
with her pencil. In her position I would
have knelt, but I always admired the way
these people could squat on their heels for
hours without getting tired or sore. They are
just built differently, I said to myself. Their
legs are proportionally shorter than mine.
That must be the answer.
The ladies spent no time visiting, leaving as
quickly as they came.
“The ladies always have prepared sealskins
on hand,” he said, “and the sewing would
not take long.”
Two days later in the middle of the
afternoon, I again heard a gentle knock.
Before I could get to the door it opened and
the same two ladies stepped inside, Pitseolak
carrying a paper bag. Again she squatted in
front of me and reached into the bag. Out
came a pair of komik. They were exquisite
and I couldn’t wait to try them on.
I would have my boots in three days, he
assured me, so I could wear them on my
way down to the archaeological site where I
was to work. And yes, they would be just
like the boots everyone, including himself,
were wearing. He would send his Inuit
English-speaking wife along to make sure
the transaction went well.
The boots consisted of three parts. The first
to go on was a duffel liner that went nearly
to my knees. Duffel is a thick white woolen
material, the same cloth that the famous
Hudson Bay blankets are made from. The
liner was taller than the boot itself so several
inches of liner would be on display while the
boot was being worn. The exposed part was
beautifully embroidered with brightly
colored yarn in traditional designs. They
were as nice as any I had seen in town.
Sometime in the middle of the afternoon I
heard a very gentle knock on my door. Two
Inuit ladies stood outside. One, someone I
hadn’t yet met, had come armed with a piece
of well-used wrapping paper and a pencil.
The other I recognized as Oona, the wife of
the Hudson Bay manager. Inuit do not
knock on doors; they just enter and wait to
be recognized. The knock obviously came
from Oona who was behaving like I would
expect a kabloona to behave. I invited them
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
The author, wearing his sealskin komiks. Elliot Jardine, a Hudson’s Bay Company apprentice from
Scotland, and Ralph Chown stand in front of the HBC store at Coral Harbour, Southampton Island.
Next came the second duffel liner. This one
just covered the foot and was undecorated
because it would not be seen while the boot
was worn. Nevertheless, it did have some
simple embroidery along its top edge.
sealskin would have been chewed by a
woman until it was soft and pliable. The
skins had been prepared primarily by
Pitseolak’s teenage daughter, I was
informed. I noticed a young lady fitting the
description of the daughter standing shyly
outside the door and motioned for her to
come in. She gave a little giggle and came
in, moving quickly so she ended up standing
directly behind her mother where I couldn’t
see her.
Then came the boot itself. The sole was
made from the thick skin of the ugruk, the
big seal we called a square flipper. The
thinner skin of the netsik, the common ring
seal, was used for the top. For both the sole
and the top the hair had been removed, but
the hide was allowed to retain its natural
brown color. I assumed that the skins were
tanned Inuit-style, by soaking them for a
period of time in human urine. After being
rinsed in fresh water numerous times, the
If the boots had been for a woman the sole
would have been bleached to a yellowish
tan, with designs cut from dark skin sewn
on. My boots did have a bit of decoration,
however. Sewn to the top of each boot was
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
a two-inch strip of netsik skin from which
the hair had not been removed. My boots
thus sported a border of stiff golden seal
hair. Small holes had been cut into the
border and some sealskin line had been
threaded through and could be tied in front.
This “shoelace” would allow me to tie my
boots tightly at the top to keep out snow.
in this strange and awesome land. People
made a point of noticing my boots and
smiling appreciatively. I couldn’t help but
think, however, that they were also saying to
themselves “my goodness, that kabloona has
big feet.”
I wore the boots often while in the field, and
later even wore them to university football
games in the dead of the Wisconsin winter.
I was probably the only person in the
stadium with truly warm feet.
I put on the elegant outer liners, then the low
inner liners, then the boots themselves. Or
at least I tried to put on the boots. With
great disappointment I discovered that they
were too small. I just couldn’t get into them.
While wearing the boots in the arctic I
discovered that they had advantages and
disadvantages. On the positive side, they
were indeed very warm. I also discovered
that they could handle water in a remarkable
way. When I went through water with them
the seal skin would absorb the water and
become very wet.
But despite their
becoming saturated with water they didn’t
let moisture in and the liners remained
perfectly dry. It seemed like magic.
Pitseolak and Oona were also disappointed.
A rapid exchange in Inuktitut ensued ending
with a little chuckle from both women.
“Pitseolak is sorry,” Oona explained.
“When she returned to her tupik and began
to cut the skins for the boots she thought she
had made a mistake with her drawing. She
thought no one could have such large feet,
so she made them a bit smaller, the size she
thought your feet must really be. But now
she sees her drawing was correct. I am
married to a kabloona so I know what large
feet you people have, but she has never
before made boots for a kabloona. She will
make them larger and you will have them
tomorrow, in time to use on your trip.”
On the negative side, the soles just weren’t
thick enough to handle some parts of the
terrain. This general area of the arctic was
experiencing isostatic rebound after being
relieved of the great weight of the
continental glacier and the constantly
retreating shoreline had created numerous
old beach lines. These beach lines consisted
primarily of thin limestone plates, many set
on end, and their sharp edges could be felt
through the ugruk soles of the boots.
The new boots arrived at about the same
time the following afternoon, and this time
they fit perfectly. I paid Pitseolak the
amount we had agreed upon and she
departed with the cash clutched in her hand.
The down side of the boots getting wet,
which happened every day, was that they
became stiff as boards and uncomfortable to
wear when they dried. My only choice was
to force them on, grit my teeth, and walk
I put on my boots and paraded around town.
I was very proud of them because they gave
me a feeling, if ever so slightly, of belonging
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
around in pain until they again softened up.
morning. Some women chew boots better
than others. When you find someone to be
your wife make sure she is good at chewing
boots before you marry her.”
I asked an Inuk man who was wearing
traditional boots about this problem and he
just laughed.
I guess I made a mistake when I ordered my
boots. I should have also signed up for a
good boot-chewing service.
“You need a woman,” he said. “Your
woman chews your boots at night so they
will be soft when you put them on in the
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Facelift of the Archaeology
distributed over several floors of the
Management staff expertly manoeuvred the
cabinets into every available open area in
other collections storage rooms.
Storage - CMH
Stacey Girling-Christie
Canadian Museum of History
This contribution was originally presented in poster
format at the October 2013 meeting of the Ontario
Archaeological Society in Niagara Falls. Photos are
courtesy A. Proulx, S. Girling-Christie, and K. Ryan.
The Canadian Museum of Civilization,
located in Gatineau, Québec, is undergoing a
massive facelift which will result in the
expansion of their storage space by ten
percent. A new full concrete floor has been
built above the space currently used for the
archaeology collections. This major
renovation project provides an expansion of
some 1500 square metres of collections
storage. It was a real challenge to have
major construction with minimal impact on
Storage Room 5103 prior to move.
Storage Room 5103 prior to move.
Storage Room 5103 emptied of its cabinets and
shelving units.
Utilizing Every Square Inch
Based on in-house research requirements
and cabinet weight, the cabinets were
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Approximately 390 artifact cabinets, shelving
units and moveable storage bays were removed
from Storage Room 5103.
Columns were scanned and marked to identify
location of the rebars.
Initial Steps
Installation of metal collars to support the steel
Metal angle beam attached to perimeter walls to
support floor.
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Delivery of 45 foot steel beams – January 29, 2013
Delivery of the beams started on a
cold and rainy night.
Section of corridor wall removed for beam
A beam inside Storage Room 5103 awaiting installation.
Conveyer system for beam entry.
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
View from 6th floor access of I beams waiting for installation. Installation of I beams shown in inset.
Following installation of the steel I beams, a fireproofing
material was applied before a suspended drywall ceiling was
added (this image shows the partially installed ceiling).
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
A boom pump delivers concrete to be pumped
Concrete flows through metal pipes into the 6
up 6 floors to pour the structural concrete floor.
floor storage room. Air ventilation in storage
areas was temporarily re-routed via plastic
tubing during construction.
The older electric mobile storage system has
been modified with a manual assist system.
Cement is leveled on the 6 floor. A top layer was
later added.
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Storage Room 5103 with mobile storage system and lighting installed.
Project Highlights
This is
* New 5th floor ventilation
* New electrical distribution
* New state of the art LED lighting and
dimming system
* New data,
telecom and
one of the biggest capital projects
completed since the Canadian
Museum of
History’s opening in 1989. Delivered before
its end date and under budget.
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Introducing …
Dr. Meghan Burchell is an environmental
archaeologist who uses high-resolution
stable isotope sclerochronology to interpret
Her research integrates
archaeology with biology and geochemistry
to understand and interpret the relationships
between landscape, settlement, subsistence
and hunter-gatherer resource management.
Dr. Meghan Burchell
She obtained her Ph.D. in Anthropology at
McMaster University in 2013, under the
supervision of Dr. Aubrey Cannon. She
received further training in isotope
geochemistry and sclerochronology in the
Department of Applied and Analytical
Palaeontology at the University of Mainz,
Germany, under the direction of Dr. Bernd
R. Schöne. Over the course of her Ph.D.,
she refined methods for identifying precise
seasonality estimates from bivalves, and is
now expanding this methodology to other
hard-tissues including, coral, teeth and bone
for seasonality, palaeoenvironmental and
dietary reconstructions. Prior to coming to
Memorial University, she was the director of
McMaster Archaeological Field School, and
more recently the Manager of Operations for
Sustainable Archaeology at McMaster
Innovation Park.
Assistant Professor
Department of Archaeology
Regionally, Meghan has worked on field and
lab-based research projects on the coast of
British Columbia, Ontario, Nova Scotia and
archaeological research, she also works with
environmental engineering firms to assist
with monitoring and remediation projects for
marine and freshwater ecosystems.
Memorial University of Newfoundland
[email protected]
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Selected Peer-Reviewed Publications
2013 Burchell, M., Hallmann, N,
Martindale, A, Cannon, A, Schöne, BR.
Seasonality and the intensity of shellfish
harvesting on the north coast of British
Columbia, Canada. The Journal of Island
and Coastal Archaeology. 8:152-169.
2010 Risk, M., Burchell, M., de Roo, K.,
Nairn, R., Turbett, M. Trace elements in
bivalve shells from the Rio Cruces, Chile,
trace the evolution of an earthquakeimpacted watershed. Aquatic Biology. 10:
2013 Burchell, M., Cannon, A., Hallmann,
N. Schwarcz, HP., Schöne, BR. Refining
estimates for the season of shellfish
collection on the Pacific Northwest Coast:
Applying high-resolution stable oxygen
isotope analysis and sclerochronology.
Archaeometry. 55: 258-276.
2009 Burchell, M. The interpretation of
gender identity in Northwest Coast mortuary
practices. In: Que(e)rying Archaeology: The
Proceedings of the 37th Annual Chacmool
Conference. S. Terendy, N. Lyons & M.
Janse-Smekal, Eds. The Archaeological
Association of the University of Calgary
Press. Pp. 59-66.
2013 Burchell, M., Cannon, A., Hallmann,
N. Schwarcz, HP., Schöne, BR. Inter-site
variability in the season of shellfish
collection on the central coast of British
Columbia. Journal of Archaeological
Science. 40:626-636.
2009 Cannon, A., Burchell, M. Clam
growth-stage profiles as a measure of
harvest intensity and resource management
on the Central Coast of British Columbia.
Journal of Archaeological Science. 36:
2013 Hallmann, N., Burchell, M., Schöne,
BR, Brewster, N., Martindale, A. Holocene
climate and shellfish collection at the
Dundas Island Group, northern British
Palaeoecology. 373:163-172.
2009 Hallman, N., Burchell, M., Schöne,
BR., Irvine, G., Maxwell, D. Highresolution sclerochronological analysis of
the bivalve mollusk Saxidomus gigantea
from Alaska and British Columbia:
techniques for revealing environmental
archives and archaeological seasonality.
Journal of Archaeological Science. 36:
2011 Hallmann, N., Schöne, BR, Irvine,
GV., Burchell, M., Cockelet, D., Hilton, M.
An improved understanding of the Alaska
Coastal Current: The application of a
bivalve growth-temperature model to
paleoenvironments. Palaios. 26: 346-363.
2006 Burchell, M. Gender, status and grave
goods in British Columbia burials. Canadian
Journal of Archaeology. 30:252-272.
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
New Regional Archaeology
meetings, to share news, promote upcoming
events, and address questions or ideas for
the future of the society and archaeology in
the province as a whole.
Association –
The Newfoundland and Labrador
The organization’s founding directors were
Tim Rast, Catherine Jalbert, Lori White,
Stewart Wilson and Corey Hutchings.
Archaeological Society
The NLAS has received a lot of helpful
advice from members of other archaeology
societies across Canada, and we are
particularly indebted to the Canadian
Archaeological Association for providing a
host for the upcoming NLAS website
( and e-mail client.
The NLAS held its inaugural Annual
General Meeting on November 4th, 2013
where the Executive Committee was
Archaeological Society (NLAS) is Canada’s
newest and easternmost not-for-profit
society open to professional archaeologists,
students, and members of the public. The
society started to take shape in the spring of
2013 and we’ve accomplished quite a lot
since then, including a writing a mission
statement, Code of Ethics and launching a
Facebook page. We also completed a draft
constitution that should be accepted at our
first AGM on November 4th where we will
also elect our first Executive Committee and
Board of Directors.
From right to left they are Tim Rast (President),
(Secretary), and Catherine Jalbert (Vice
President). Not shown are the four additional
Directors who make up the Board: Chris Wolff,
John Erwin, Scott Neilsen, and Corey Hutchings.
Photo by John Erwin.
Archaeological Society is an organization
for professionals and the public to meet,
embrace archaeology in Newfoundland and
Labrador, and share ideas for the future. The
group is dedicated to keeping an open
dialogue for society members in between
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
NLAS Mission Statement:
To promote an understanding of archaeology
in Newfoundland and Labrador and protect
archaeological resources by fostering
research, stewardship, education, and the
exchange of ideas and information between
professionals and the public.
You can contact the NLAS via our email
address [email protected] or find us
Facebook, just search for Newfoundland
and Labrador Archaeological Society, or
follow us on Twitter @NLArchSociety.
You can contact the NLAS via our email
address [email protected] or find us
Facebook, just search for Newfoundland and
Labrador Archaeological Society, or follow
us on Twitter @NLArchSociety.
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Intellectual Property Issues in
that address community needs when it
comes to IP and cultural heritage matters.
IPinCH has also provided fellowships and
employment to 64 graduate students,
recognizing that this new generation of
scholars will further advance this work.
Simon Fraser University archaeologist
George Nicholas is surprised to hear that a
federal research-funding agency has
awarded a global group that he leads
$50,000. Its large-scale use of a
community partners in the drivers’ seat of
the research process is unprecedented.
communities from the Canadian Arctic to
the Australian outback and the steppes of
Kyrgyzstan by reuniting them with their
cultural artifacts, staving off linguistic
extinction, developing cultural tourism and
Nicholas sees the Partnership Award as
unparalleled work in supporting indigenous
communities across the globe in protecting
The funding accompanies the Social
Sciences and Humanities Research Council
of Canada’s (SSHRC’s) Partnership Award,
which the Intellectual Property Issues in
Cultural Heritage (IPinCH) Project, led by
Nicholas, has garnered over two other
finalists. The new money allows the group
to expand its work on intellectual property
He also sees the award as reflecting
participatory research’s validity and value as
a primary methodology in working with
IPinCH is the SSHRC Partnership Award’s
first recipient. The award is one of five
categories of the funding agency’s new
Impact Awards. Through 15 global
community-based initiatives, case studies
and special projects, IPinCH’s 52 scholars
and 26 partnering universities and
organizations are addressing a variety of IPrelated concerns about cultural heritage. An
initial $2.5 million SSHRC grant launched
“To obtain SSHRC’s original grant, it took
us several attempts to convince the
considerable control of the research process
to the partnering communities—in essence
allowing them to lead the research—is the
communities in their cultural heritage’s
reclamation is winning those communities’
praise. During a recent meeting of IPinCH
Its efforts are reflected in 47 journal articles,
17 book chapters, nine books and a long
legacy of tangible and practical outcomes
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
team members, Anishinable Elder Sydney
Martin, from the United States, remarked:
“IPinCH is a living thing; it has a spirit.”
[email protected] (email best contact)
Carol Thorbes, PAMR, 778.782.3035,
[email protected]
Archeologist Susan Thorpe, who works on
an IPinCH project in which New Zealand’s
Moriori have created a database to preserve
traditional knowledge of their cultural
landscape, has witnessed the project’s
Simon Fraser University is Canada's topranked comprehensive university and one of
the top 50 universities in the world under 50
years old. With campuses in Vancouver,
Burnaby and Surrey, B.C., SFU engages
actively with the community in its research
and teaching, delivers almost 150 programs
to more than 30,000 students, and has more
than 120,000 alumni in 130 countries.
“We have found that engaging in research
with IPinCH members as collaborative
partners has enhanced our control over our
intellectual property,” says Thorpe. “We’ve
created a multi-layer database that ties
together research on Moriori identity,
heritage protection, land use and resource
management in culturally sensitive ways.”
Students. Engaging Research. Engaging
Nicholas, a 25-year veteran of teaching
about and working with indigenous
communities, says IPinCH has a shopping
list of projects to be financed by the SSHRC
Partnership Award. At the top of the list are:
a community-based research workshop and
public symposium, an IPinCH national
research ethics policy forum and a public
speaker series on intangible cultural
IPinCH lands
IPinCH projects to be funded by SSHRC
Partnership Award:
Community-based research workshop and
public symposium that will bring together
team members involved in case studies to
share their findings with one another and to
work towards making their studies more
George Nicholas (Burnaby resident),
[email protected]
Kristen Dobbin, IPinCH communications,
[email protected]
[email protected]
IPinCH national research ethics policy
forum that will engage researchers,
government, policy makers, funding
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
indigenous organizations and communities
in improving existing and developing new
effective ethics policies. This event will
include speakers and participants from
across Canada and abroad, and draw on
IPinCH’s development of innovative
Grassroots Heritage Resource Preservation
and Management in Kyrgyzstan (Krygystan)
has focused on developing sustainable,
culturally-appropriate, and communityembedded projects, including a focus on
cultural tourism, that address the
preservation and educational use of
intellectual property and cultural heritage.
The project has developed school materials,
museum exhibits, and radio programs. One
of the team members has recently become
the first Minister of Cultural Heritage and
Public speaker series on intangible cultural
heritage as a way to share study findings and
highlight the project’s innovative approach
to research.
Highlights of IPinCH projects/achievements
Hokotehi Moriori Trust: Heritage Landscape
Data Base (Rehoku, New Zealand) has
produced a unique database of traditional
knowledge of cultural landscape that brings
together elders and youth in the process of
recording and preserving their heritage.
A Case of Access: Inuvialuit Engagement
Collection (Northwest Territories, Canada)
brought together community members and
filmmakers to the Smithsonian Institution in
Washington, D.C. to reunite them with
artifacts and clothing collected 150 years
ago. In addition to providing access to
knowledge about tools and other artifacts,
the project fostered the reintroduction of
traditional clothing styles in the collection
Treaty Relations as a Method of Resolving
IP Issues (British Columbia, Alberta,
Saskatchewan, and Manitoba, Canada)
studied the political relationship established
between First Nations and Canada through
19th century treaties. The results may
provide a framework for helping to resolve
outstanding intellectual property and
Cultural Tourism in Nunavik (Quebec,
Canada) involved a research team from the
Avataq Cultural Institute meeting with
community members to identify heritage
values and to seek ways to protect the Inuit
language and heritage in the context of
cultural tourism that is part of the provincial
Yukon First Nations Heritage Values and
Heritage Resource Management (Yukon,
Canada) involves researchers from the
Champagne & Aishihik First Nations
Heritage, Carcross-Tagish First Nation
Heritage, and Ta’an Kwäch’än Council.
They worked together to identify local
conceptions of heritage values and best
practices to manage their heritage resources
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Inuit Heritage Trust,
Michigan, USA,
Penobscot Tribe, Maine,
Tribe, Maine,
Arizona, USA.
USA, Hopi Tribe, Arizona, USA.
Other projects are underway with these
Sto:lo are First
Columbia, Sto:lo
British Columbia,
The CAA Executive
William Ross
Jennifer Birch
189 Peter Street
University of Georgia, Dept. of Anthropology
Thunder Bay, Ontario P7A 5H8
250A Baldwin Hall
Phone: 807-345-2733
Athens, Georgia 30602
Email: [email protected]
Phone: 706-224-8136
Email: [email protected]
President Elect
Joanne Braaten
Lisa Rankin
Aspen Woods Postal Outlet
Department of Archaeology
Box 15075
Memorial University
Calgary, Alberta T3H 0N8
St. John’s, NL A2C 5S7
Email: [email protected]
[email protected]
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
News From and For Our Members …
Canadian Museum of History Aboriginal Training Program in Museum Practices
The goal of the Aboriginal Training Program in Museum Practices at the Canadian Museum of
History Corporation is to offer First Nations, Métis, and Inuit participants professional and
technical training. The Program operates from September to April of each year, with a two week
break for the holiday season.
To offer practical experience for Aboriginal people who would like to broaden their knowledge
and skills in various aspects of museum work.
Candidates can undertake practicum assignments lasting four to five weeks, in the following
divisions of the Canadian Museum of Civilization and the Canadian War Museum:
 Research
 Collections
 Exhibitions
 Public Programs
 Public Affairs and Publishing
 Development
 Museum Services
Candidates should have Grade 12 education or equivalent. Those with less than Grade 12
education will be considered on the basis of demonstrable experience in cultural interpretation or
related skills.
Financial Support
The Corporation provides a small stipend, travel, training and facilities for the Program.
Participants are encouraged to seek additional sources of financial support to cover living
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
If you wish to participate in this program, please submit the following documents:
A résumé with permanent and current addresses, telephone numbers, academic background
and employment history.
A personal statement indicating how the the practicum or internship relates to your experience,
academic goals, and/or professional development.
Two letters of reference attesting to your previous experience and career goals in a museum or
cultural heritage field. The letter should be from an Aboriginal community or organization, or
an individual who occupies a position of responsibility.
Application Deadline
DOCUMENTS MUST BE RECEIVED BY March 15th of each year.
Please forward them to:
Aboriginal Training Program in Museum Practices
C/O Coordinator
Canadian Museum of History
100 Laurier Street
Gatineau, Quebec
K1A 0M8
Tel: (819) 776-8270
Fax: (819) 776-8429
Email: [email protected]
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Le Programme de formation en pratiques muséales destiné aux Autochtones de la
Société du Musée canadien de l’histoire
Le Programme de formation en pratiques muséales destiné aux Autochtones de la Société du
Musée canadien de l’histoire propose aux stagiaires des Premières nations, aux Métis et aux
Inuits une formation professionnelle et technique. Il est offert à chaque année, de septembre à
avril, et prévoit deux semaines de relâche durant la période des fêtes.
Offrir l’expérience pratique aux Autochtones qui voudraient élargir leur connaissance et leurs
compétences dans les divers aspects du milieu muséal.
Les participants peuvent faire des stages de quatre à cinq semaines dans plusieurs divisions du
Musée canadien des civilisations et du Musée canadien de la guerre :
 Recherche
 Collections
 Expositions
 Programmes publics
 Affaires publiques et édition
 Développement
 Services aux Musées
Les candidats devraient détenir un diplôme d’études secondaires ou l’équivalent. Ceux qui n’ont
pas de diplôme d’études secondaires doivent démontrer qu’ils ont de l’expérience en
interprétation culturelle ou des compétences dans un domaine connexe.
Aide financière
La Societé assume les frais de déplacement et fournit la formation et les installations nécessaires
pour le programme. Bien qu’elle verse une petite allocation aux stagiaires, on conseille à ces
derniers de chercher d’autres sources d’aide financière pour couvrir les frais de subsistance.
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Pour poser votre candidature, vous devez soumettre les documents suivants :
 un curriculum vitae
une lettre de motivation précisant le rapport entre le stage et votre expérience, les études que
vous faites ou comptez faire, et/ou votre développement professionnel
deux lettres de recommandation
Date limite de présentation des candidatures
Ces documents doivent nous parvenir avant le 15 mars de chaque année.
Veuillez les envoyer à l’adresse suivante :
Programme de formation en pratiques muséales destiné aux Autochtones
Musée canadien de l’histoire
100, rue Laurier
Gatineau (Québec)
K1A 0M8
Tél. : (819) 776-8270
Télécopieur : (819) 776-8429
Courriel : [email protected]
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Call for CAA Award Nominations
We are now soliciting nominations for CAA awards, to be presented in conjunction with the
2014 Annual Meeting, to be held in London, Ontario. For more information on these awards
please visit or contact Jennifer Birch at
[email protected]
The Smith-Wintemberg Award
The Smith-Wintemberg Award is presented to honour members of the Canadian archaeological
community who have made an outstanding contribution to the advancement of the discipline of
archaeology, or to our knowledge of the archaeological past of Canada. This award is presented
in any year, as merited, to recognize outstanding achievement or service.
In the first part of the twentieth century there were very few professional archaeologists in
Canada. In the history of our profession two individuals stand out as people who laid many of the
foundations of our discipline, one that we so easily take for granted. These two ardent and
consummate archaeologists, Harlan I. Smith and William J. Wintemberg, inspired the Canadian
Archaeological Association to create an award recognizing others who have followed in their
footsteps with similar passion and commitment. Smith and Wintemberg, as well as the
archaeologists who have been honoured with the Smith-Wintemberg Award are our professional
elders. We can learn much from their professional lives.
For nominations contact: [email protected]
Margaret and James F. Pendergast Award
Some years ago, the Canadian Archaeological Association established an award to recognize
exemplary contributions to Canadian archaeology by avocational archaeologists.
This award was originally established through the generous support of the Pendergast family in
2000 to honour the memory of a dedicated Canadian avocational archaeologist, the late James F.
Pendergast (1921–2000). Although the Pendergast family has had to withdraw their financial
support, the CAA is still committed to the continuation of this award program.
The award shall be made to an individual or organization who meets one or more of the
following criteria: conducted original research; published; delivered papers at conferences; been
involved and supportive of National; Provincial and/or Territorial Archaeological societies;v
actively trained other avocational archaeologists; positively interacted with professional
archaeologists; and embodies all of the Principles of the CAA.
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Please not that membership in CAA not required in order to receive this Award. A member of
the CAA may nominate an avocational archaeologist or organization for the Pendergast award.
The statement of nomination, not to exceed five pages, must include reasons for nomination
based on above guidelines. The award will be announced at the CAA Annual General Meeting.
The commemorative award will be presented at a mutually convenient location for the recipient
and the CAA executive. The award includes one year's membership in the CAA.
Nominations should be submitted by no later than April 15 of each year and will be evaluated by
the award committee. One award will be made each year. Please note that the committee reserves
the right to not make an award.
Nominations should be sent to:
Bjorn Simonsen
[email protected]
Public Communications Awards
Since 1985, the Canadian Archaeological Association (CAA) has presented annual awards to
acknowledge outstanding contributions in communication that further insight and appreciation of
Canadian Archaeology. These awards recognise contributions by journalists, film producers,
professional archaeologists and institutions and are adjudicated by a committee composed of a
regional representation of CAA members. CAA members are encouraged to forward materials
for consideration to the Public Communications Awards Chairperson.
The competition for all awards is limited to items published / produced during the last calendar
year, January 1 to December 31, 2013.
The following types of works are eligible: Articles published in a magazine, journal or
newspaper with wide circulation in Canada; Books, pamphlets or other publications; Television /
video or radio productions; Electronic publications (web site, CD-ROM).
Recipients may receive an award for two (2) consecutive years only. Submissions must include
seven (7) original copies and be forwarded to the Chairperson of the Public Awards Committee
by March 15th.
There are two (2) categories of award:
Writer / producer. This category includes writers, journalists, producers and others. It is aimed
at persons other than professional archaeologists and their employers.
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
As many as four (4) awards may be made in this category. Recipients of a Public
Communications award in this category will each receive a $200 cash prize and a
commemorative plaque. The actual number of awards made will depend on the number and
quality of the submissions.
Professional / Institutional. This category includes practising archaeologists, institutions
involved in carrying out archaeology (museums, government departments, universities, etc.) or
individuals employed by such institutions, and public broadcasting corporations and their
As many as three (3) awards may be made in this category. The Professional / Institutional
Award recipients will receive a commemorative plaque, only. The actual number of awards
made will depend on the number and quality of the submissions.
Submissions must focus on some aspect of Canadian archaeology and be written in a format
suitable for the general public. Articles about Canadian archaeologists conducting fieldwork /
research abroad are not eligible. Submissions may be in English or French, but must be written /
produced in lay terms. The minimum acceptable length for any written category is approximately
1000 words.
Authors do not have to be Canadian citizens or a resident of Canada. Submissions made by
someone other than the principal author(s) must be accompanied by the written consent of the
author(s). Current members of the Public Communications Committee are not eligible for the
Winners of the Awards are notified shortly before the Association's Annual General Meeting,
usually held in May. Proclamation and presentation of the Awards will take place at the General
Please send your entries by March 15th to:
Meaghan Peuramaki-Brown
Department of Archaeology
University of Calgary
2500 University Dr NW
Calgary, AB, T2N 1N4
[email protected]
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Daniel Weetaluktuk Award
“Daniel Weetaluktuk (1951-1982) of Inukjuak (east coast of Hudson Bay) made increasingly
important contributions to arctic anthropology between 1976 and 1982. His interests in
archaeology, traditional Inuit lifeways, cultural resources, and natural history bridged native and
scientific perspectives. Daniel participated in government-sponsored excavations in 1976 and
1977, and began investigating northern Quebec archaeological sites thereafter. Working through
the Makivik Corporation, he clearly expressed the need of greater Inuit influence in cultural
affairs, on the one hand, and of training and science education on the other. His attempts to
improve Inuit-southern Canadian relations and awareness stand as a model for our time." (Allen
P. McCartney, 1984, Études/Inuit/Studies 8(10):103)
To honour Daniel and his work, the Canadian Archaeological Association established the Daniel
Weetaluktuk Award.
This Year Prizes Are Available For: Best Undergraduate Student Paper and best Graduate
Research Paper on Any Topic Related to Canadian Archaeology. These may be written papers
and do not need to be presented at the annual meeting.
The winners will each receive $250.00 plus the opportunity to have their paper published in
the Canadian Journal of Archaeology.
Entries should be submitted to:
Dr. Gary Coupland
Department of Anthropology
University of Toronto
100 St. George St.
Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G3
[email protected]
Have you checked these out?
The CAA’s Five-Year Strategic Plan (2008 – 2013):
The CAA Constitution (revised in 2012):
The CAA’s Principles of Ethical Conduct:
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
CAA Student Travel Grant
The CAA/ACA is able to offer assistance to student conference participants to offset their travel
costs. Grants apply only to the travel portion of conference expenses and not accommodation.
Grant applicants must be members in good standing and must participate directly in the
scholarly program of the Annual Conference by presenting a paper or poster for which they are
the first (primary) author, or by being a Session Discussant or an Invited Presenter.
Applicants must submit a completed application form (you must be logged in to access the
application form on the Members Only page) along with original travel receipts for travel
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Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
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Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
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Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Fieldwork Opportunity at Fort Prince of Wales National Historic Site
of Canada
In conjunction with the Churchill Northern Studies Centre, Parks Canada is offering a unique
opportunity to excavate at Fort Prince of Wales, located near the Churchill River and modern
town of Churchill, Manitoba. A designated National Historic
Site of Canada, construction of the current stone fortification
was begun by the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1731.
Hands on History: Archaeology of Prince Wales Fort
July 31 – August 7, 2014 & August 7 - 14, 2014
Instructor: Donalee Deck
Participants: 16
$2,195 CDN
Imagine living in a stone fort on the coast of Hudson Bay in the 1700s. Men who worked for the
Hudson's Bay Company built, lived and worked at such a fort as labourers, tradesmen, traders
and officers. Prince of Wales Fort served as a trading post, but was built for defensive purposes
during the French and English rivalry for control of the territory and resources around Hudson
Bay. As a member of the archaeology team, you will be re-discovering what life was like at the
fort. Working side-by-side with Parks Canada archaeologists you will excavate, screen and
document their discoveries in the field, as well as clean and identify artifacts in a field lab.
Participants will travel daily by boat across the Churchill River with beluga whales in pursuit and
may get a glimpse or two of a polar bear on Eskimo Point. After an exciting day in the field,
everyone will return to the Churchill Northern Studies Centre to participate in lectures on related
topics and interact with a dynamic group of scientists who study many natural features of the
region, and like you, call the Centre home at this time of year. No visit to Churchill is complete
without guided tour of the former Research Rocket Range and a visit to the Eskimo Museum.
The museum is renowned for its collection of historical artifacts dating back to the pre-Dorset
culture and provides a unique glimpse into the everyday lives of the first people to have
inhabited the Churchill area.
For more information, visit the Churchill Northern Studies Centre:
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Newly minted: PhDs, MAs, and MScs 2012-2013
PhD Dissertations
ALLENTUCK, Adam, 2013 (UToronto). Human-Livestock Relations in the Early Bronze Age
of the Southern Levant.
This dissertation is concerned with the nature of human-animal relations in the context of southern Levantine village
life in the Early Bronze Age. While scholars have devoted considerable effort to exploring the human exploitation of
animals as an economic pursuit, investigating the human engagement with animals as a pursuit not limited to
normative notions of economic rationality is the overall aim of this research project. This project articulates a
broadened conception of the various roles that domesticated animals played and, concomitantly, how the multiple
roles of livestock required people to make complex decisions not readily inferred from models of economizing
rationality alone.
I pursue this objective through three main research questions: (1) What was the nature of animal exploitation at an
Early Bronze Age village in the southern Levant? (2) How did the taphonomic history of the site affect animal bone
assemblages? (3) How can knowledge gained from answering these two questions, in combination with
anthropological theories and ethnographic data pertaining to human-animal relations, inform our understanding of
Early Bronze Age peoples’ perceptions of livestock in relation to new agricultural strategies of the period? These
questions are addressed through a zooarchaeological analysis of faunal remains from two Early Bronze I strata at
Horvat ‘Illin Tahtit (HIT) in central Israel.
Following theoretical, environmental, archaeological and methodological backgrounds inChapters 1 through 3,
Chapter 4 provides detailed description and analysis of the faunal data from HIT. Chapter 5 offers an interpretation
of the zooarchaeological data that is inspired by anthropological and archaeological theories of human-animal
relations, ethnographic data from communities that engage with livestock, and culture-historical knowledge of the
Early Bronze Age. The broad conclusion drawn from this research is that secondary products exploitation
established a level of co-dependency between people and livestock that was unprecedented until the Early Bronze
Age. Finally, Chapter 6 offers retrospective commentary on the strengths and limitations of the data, methods and
theories that are used in this dissertation.
BEAUDOIN, Matthew, 2013 (UWO). De-Essentializing the Past: deconstructing colonial
categories in 19th-Century Ontario.
This study engages with both the archaeology of colonialism and historical archaeology in a manner that brings
them into direct dialogue with each other to explore how essentialized identity tropes are used to frame our
conceptualizations of the past. The archaeology of colonialism and historical archaeology have been conceptually
bifurcated along a colonized/colonizer dichotomy and continuously reified by the insertion of research into one
category or the other. The archaeology of colonialism generally focuses on the experiences of the colonized within
the colonial process, while historical archaeology focuses on the experiences of Europeans and/or people of
European descent. This is not to say that archaeologists working on either side of this conceptual divide ignore each
other entirely, but rather their foci – and subsequent discussions – rarely converge.
To create a conceptual bridge between these disparate dialogues, I explore multigenerational, 19th-century sites in
southwestern Ontario, all of which have two sequential occupations that serve to explore generational shifts through
time. The sites explored are conventionally bifurcated along colonial and capitalist binaries, and categorized as
colonized (Davisville settlement and Mohawk Village, two Mohawk communities) and colonizer (McKinney and
Odlum families, two Euro-Canadian families), as well as elite (Mohawk Village and Odlum) and non-elite
(Davisville and McKinney). An exploration of the patterns between generations, contexts, and the bifurcated divides
enabled insights into the differences and similarities between and within the conventional tropes of colonialism.
Furthermore, this allows for a discussion of how archaeological taxonomic conventions shape and conceptualize our
interpretations from the outset and fundamentally limit the narratives that we produce. iii
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
This exploration emphasizes that our contemporary archaeological discourses are products of present day
sensibilities, firmly embedded within the legacies of colonialism, and create archaeological imaginaries of the past
that insidiously reify the essentialized colonial divide. Instead of emphasizing the differences between EuroCanadian and Indigenous sites, exploring the contemporaneous commonalities of existence for all the sites under
study illustrates archaeological dialogues that transcend the colonial conceptual divide and de-essentialize
archaeological narratives of the past.
BOSTON, Christine, 2012 (UWO). Investigations of the biological consequences and cultural
motivations of artificial cranial modification among northern Chilean populations.
The purpose of this study is to build on existing normative models of craniofacial growth and previous craniofacial
studies of artificial cranial modification (ACM) in order to deepen the cultural and biological understanding of the
this practice. Areas of concentration include a study of the biological changes to cranial epigenetic traits and facial
metrics related to ACM, an examination of the biological effects of ACM in order to assess their implications on
morbidity and mortality, and an investigation into the cultural motivations for ACM. Three hypotheses were tested:
1) ACM did not affect epigenetic trait incidence or facial metrics; 2) ACM increased morbidity and mortality of
modified individuals; and 3) ACM was a marker of either social status or ethnicity. These hypotheses were
addressed using quantitative and qualitative analyses of the craniofacial skeleton of ancient northern Chilean groups,
including cephalometrics, craniometrics, various statistical analyses, and survey of specific epigenetic traits,
pathological conditions, and grave goods. As well, these hypotheses were also addressed using various ACM
typologies placed within the context of a “nested typology”. It was concluded that when ACM styles are pooled the
effects of ACM are not discernable, but the results did demonstrate that the various ACM styles do affect epigenetic
traits and some facial metrics. ACM did minimally affect morbidity and mortality within these samples. As well,
ACM was not practiced solely as a marker of social status or ethnicity, and it was ultimately determined that
motivations for practicing ACM were multifactorial.
BURCHELL, Meghan, 2013 (McMaster). Shellfish Harvest on the Coast of British Columbia:
the archaeology of settlement and subsistence through high-resolution stable isotope analysis and
In many interpretations of hunter-gatherer settlement systems, archaeologists have assumed implicitly or explicitly
that a pattern of mobility based on seasonally-scheduled movements between different site locations was practiced.
This pattern of mobility is often characterized as a seasonal round, where different locations are used during specific
times of the year for different purposes. An implication of this pattern of mobility is that short-term occupation sites
are visited annually, approximately at the same time each year and longer term residential sites can span multiple
seasons. To interpret seasonality, indirect indicators are often used but the high-resolution methods presented in this
study provide direct evidence of seasonal site occupation. The Pacific Northwest Coast provides an ideal landscape
to examine seasonality since many of the staple resources, particularly salmon, were available on a seasonal basis.
Contrary to longstanding assumptions of regular seasonal movement between sites, the analysis of shell samples
from multiple archaeological sites from distinct regions in British Columbia show complex patterns of multiseasonal occupation at smaller campsites and specific seasonal or multi-seasonal emphasis in occupation and/or
shellfish harvest at longer-term residential sites.
To identify patterns of shellfish harvest, stable oxygen isotope analysis and high-resolution sclerochronology were
applied to the bivalve Saxidomus gigantea (butter clam). Combined with shell growth increment analysis to examine
relative levels of harvest pressure, local rates of shellfish collecting are also interpreted. To examine regional
variability in seasonality and resource use in British Columbia, three environmentally and historically distinct areas
were selected spanning approximately 6000 years of history. These regions include the central coast in the tradition
territory of the Heiltsuk, and two areas on the northern coast, specifically the Dundas Islands Group and Prince
Rupert Harbour in the traditional territory of the Tsimshian. The results of the analysis show site specific trends in
shellfish harvesting on the central coast; a pattern which is not as clear on the northern coast. Sites on the Dundas
Islands show multi-seasonal collection and a stronger emphasis on winter shellfish harvesting. The results also show
that shellfish were harvested more intensively in the Dundas Islands area relative to the central coast. The pattern of
seasonal shellfish harvesting on the mainland coast at village sites in Prince Rupert Harbour is similar to the pattern
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
found at long-term residential sites on the central coast. With respect to the dietary importance of clams, another
longstanding issue in Northwest Coast archaeology, the results show a mix of patterns including casual resource use
at most campsites, intensive multi-season harvest in some regions and strategic multi-season harvest and spring
consumption at some residential sites.
CASTILLO, Victoria E., 2012 (UAlberta). Fort Selkirk: Early Contact Period interaction
between the Northern Tutchone and the Hudson's Bay Company in Yukon.
Historical archaeology has often struggled to reveal the roles that Indigenous people played as socio-economic
agents during the initial contact period in North America. Previous research in the discipline largely focused either
on reconstructing everyday life in early European settlements while ignoring Indigenous agency or on European
material culture and dominance over Indigenous groups. The absence of Indigenous agency in historical archaeology
unfortunately presents Aboriginal people as lacking the reflexivity to create their own space within their social
conditions. Research presented in the dissertation employs a holistic, multi-scalar approach, combining
archaeological, archival, and ethnographic data to examine how Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) fur traders and
Northern Tutchone Athapaskans negotiated their socio-economic roles at Fort Selkirk, Yukon (A.D. 1848-1852) and
to expose the underlying social processes of early European-Indigenous interaction. Results of this study
demonstrate that the Northern Tutchone were active agents in their trade relations with the Hudson's Bay Company
and Coastal Tlingit Chilkat trade partners. The archaeological and archival records reveal that the Northern
Tutchone traded with the HBC but were never subsumed within the HBC trade sphere. The Northern Tutchone
people, as reflexive agents, remained autonomous throughout the fort's existence and were able to create a dual
trading strategy that was profitable for them for the duration of the forts existence.
COTTREAU-ROBINS, Catherine M.A., 2012 (Dalhousie). A Loyalist Plantation in Nova
Scotia, 1784-1800.
The dissertation employs an interdisciplinary methodology that integrates research from Atlantic world history,
historical archaeology and cultural geography. The resulting insights are key to supporting the central arguments and
conclusions. At the close of the American Revolution thousands of American Loyalists were forced into exile and
made their way to British colonies beyond the United States. Most of the Loyalists landed in British North America,
particularly the Maritimes. Along with the trauma and losses of the conflict, the Loyalists brought with them a way
of doing things, an intense political history, and ideas concerning the imperial structure that framed their everyday
lives. This dissertation is a study of the Loyalists. Specifically, it explores a prominent Loyalist and his journey from
Massachusetts to Nova Scotia along with family members, servants, and labourers, including enslaved persons. A
central objective of the dissertation is to illuminate the story of the enslaved and magnify their place in Nova
Scotia's eighteenth century colonial history narrative. The objective is addressed by adapting a holistic perspective
that considers a single geography - the plantation. The holistic perspective, developed through an interdisciplinary
methodology, explores the people, places and culture that formed the Loyalist plantation and were informed by it.
The picture that emerges is one that puts into place the structure and organization of a Loyalist plantation in the late
eighteenth century. This dissertation argues that an interdisciplinary approach is fundamental when exploring the
subject of the plantation and its inhabitants in Nova Scotia. Through study of the slaveholder and the comparison of
his plantation spaces, the dissertation argues for Loyalist continuity. Such continuity confirmed a slaveholding
culture during the mass migration. Finally, this dissertation argues that the Loyalist period can be described as
Nova Scotia's Age of Slavery. The Loyalist migration represents an unprecedented arrival of enslaved persons to the
province. Furthermore, the Loyalist migration represents the unprecedented arrival of a political and ideological
framework that carried within it perceptions of race and seeds of discrimination that took root.
DUFF, Catherine, 2012 (UToronto). Ceramic Continuity and Change at Shechem (Tell
Balatâh): assessing the impact of Egyptian imperialism in the Central Hill Country.
The material culture of Late Bronze Age Shechem (Tell Balatâh) provides an opportunity to assess the nature and
extent of the Egyptian imperial presence in the Central Highlands, as well as the ways in which endogenous cultural
traits endured during a period of intensifying military presence. While scholars have yet to fully agree on the exact
nature of Egyptian imperialism, most concur that contact with Egypt had a profound impact on the political,
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
economic and social institutions of the southern Levant. The analysis of ceramics at Shechem reveals continuity in
settlement, ceramic morphology and technology throughout the Late Bronze period. These findings contribute to an
expanding corpus of ceramic studies, which indicate that a complex interaction and negotiation of cultural
boundaries existed during this imperial period. While there was not a sustained Egyptian presence in the Central Hill
Country, textual and archaeological data suggest there was limited interaction. While more is known about how this
imperial presence was manifested architecturally in the form of "governor residencies" and "trading entropôts,"
recent investigations at coastal and inland sites reveal that the interaction between Egyptian and Canaanite ceramic
technology was site-specific and reciprocal in nature. The Shechem ceramic analysis illustrates the tenacity with
which potters retained Canaanite traditions at this Central Hill Country site during a period of sporadic Egyptian
GRIEBEL, Brendan, 2013 (UToronto). Recharting the Courses of History: mapping concepts
of community, archaeology, and Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit in the Canadian Territory of Nunavut.
A thesis in 12 maps.
Abstract not available.
GUPTA, Neha, 2012 (McGill). Behind the frontline: local communities, national interests and
the practice of Indian archaeology.
This study is concerned with change and continuity in the practice of Indian archaeology. Its characterization as a
national tradition is examined in light of relations between local communities and the national government, and in
terms of archaeological practices that developed in colonial India. The research employed geographic information
systems and historical methods to highlight the importance of changes in the social and political organization of
society for the study of the history of archaeology. It is argued that the questions archaeologists asked, the methods
they employed and the evidence they deemed credible, served the interests of the colonial government, and that
these understandings were reinterpreted as Indian or nationalistic ones. Moreover, in Independent India,
archaeologists often served the social and political aims of the national government by justifying the displacement of
local communities and by obscuring their interests in the preservation of cultural heritage and in the interpretation of
archaeological data. In the Republic of India, a nationally-oriented framework has taken a caste-based view of
prehistory. This perspective justified economic, social, cultural and political marginalization of aboriginal peoples.
This view of the Indian past has excluded India's ethnic and linguistic minorities from social dynamics and social
history. This, in turn, has influenced the potential and aims of Indian archaeology.
HARRIS, Lucille, 2012 (UToronto). Heterarchy and Hierarchy in the Formation and
Dissolution of Complex Hunter-Gatherer Communities on the Northern Plateau of Northwestern
North America, ca. 2000-300 B.P: population, economy, and social organization.
This research explores the changing nature of social organization associated with the growth and breakup of large
nucleated hunter-gatherer winter settlements in the Mid-Fraser region of south-central British Columbia, ca.
2000-300 cal. B.P. It uses hierarchy and heterarchy as overarching conceptual frameworks for theorizing and
evaluating structures of social and political organization. Regional radiocarbon data were used to examine issues of
demography and to evaluate the role of scalar stress in producing social change in these burgeoning communities. In
order to explore aspects of economic practice and wealth distribution over time artifacts, fauna, and features from
sixteen different housepits from five different village sites near the present-day town of Lillooet, British Columbia
were analyzed. Results suggest that the villages formed around 1800 cal. B.P. and attained peak population ca. 1200
cal. B.P. The onset of the Medieval Climatic Anomaly at that time altered resource conditions, resulting in greater
reliance on mammalian rather than riverine resources. Increased pressure on these resources led to the incorporation
of greater amounts of small bodied mammals after 1000 cal. B.P. Apparent declining numbers of houses within
large villages after 1200 cal. B.P. suggest that village abandonment began at this time, with individual families
likely settling in dispersed villages. The large villages were totally abandoned by 900-800 cal. B.P. Lack of evidence
for wealth differentiation in these contexts suggest that social hierarchy based on control over access to resources
never emerged in the large villages and that more egalitarian conditions prevailed. Heterarchical structures that
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
allow for shifting balance of power between bands and individual families is argued to have characterized the shift
between population aggregation and dispersal.
HEWITT, Barb, 2013 (UWO). Foreigners Among the Dead at Túcume, Peru: assessing
residential mobility using isotopic tracers.
Inhabited from the Late Intermediate Period (A.D. 1000-1470) until the time of Spanish conquest, Túcume was a
religious and ceremonial site that was transformed over time into a major urban centre. Archaeological excavations
at Túcume have revealed that hundreds of individuals were victims of human sacrifice at the site, where their
remains were interred in distinct groupings that are most likely defined by the motivation behind different sacrificial
rites. This research employs biogeochemical, archaeological and ethnohistoric data to explore residential mobility
related to human sacrifice in and around the site of Túcume, Peru.
This dissertation has two primary foci: one methodological and the other archaeological. Through a comparison of
two methods for assessing strontium isotope composition of human tissues it was revealed that Femtosecond Laser
Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry generates results that are comparable to chemical
processing for enamel, but that bone is a poor target material for laser ablation. Recent concerns regarding the
consistency of inter-tissue oxygen isotope spacing were addressed by testing human bone and enamel phosphate and
no systematic offset was found. Also, this study investigates the utility of dentin as a proxy for enamel in oxygen
isotope analysis in situations where destruction of the crown is either prohibited or undesirable, and finds that
analyses of the phosphate portion of primary dentin can be used as a proxy for enamel in stable oxygen isotope
The second component of the dissertation focuses on the use of stable strontium and oxygen isotope analyses of
human tissues to better identify first-generation migrants. Environmental samples were utilized, along with
archaeological material, to construct a working baseline against which to assess mobility. The extent of geographic
relocation was then assessed within two distinct burial groupings, characterized as sacrificial victims on the basis of
ethnographic and archaeological information, from Túcume. The two groups demonstrated strikingly different
isotopic signatures that suggest very different patterns of mobility for the individuals. The elite group appears to
have moved minimally and as a unit, while the mass sacrifice victims originated in a wide variety of regions.
JÁCOME, Carlos A., 2012 (U de Montréal). El Tropel, un sitio arqueológico del Clásico en el
Occidente Mesoamericano.
Cette recherche doctorale a été réalisée Dans le cadre d'un projet de sauvetage archéologique à Villa de Álvarez,
dans l'état de Colima (Mexique). Dans la zone géographique à l'étude, plusieurs traces indiquant la présence de
contextes funéraires ont été relevées par le passé, mais aucun de ces sites n'a fait l'objet d'un rapport archéologique.
L'état de Colima est connu pour ses tombes à puits (tumbas de tiro), ses céramiques de manufacture typique, ainsi
que pour les fameux "chiens de Colima". malgré la relation entre ces objets et les contextes funéraires, peu d'études
se sont attardées à comprendre la composante biologique de ces contextes, c'est-à-dire les êtres humains. Ainsi,
la richesse du projet de sauvetage archéologique nous a donné l'opportunité de structurer un projet de recherche de
thèse doctorale beaucoup plus profond en ce qui concerne un des sujets les plus importants de cette région
mésoaméricaine : les traditions funéraires. C'est de cette façon, à la lumière des résultats particuliers Obtenus sur le
site du Tropel, que nous avons décidé de travailler les liens culturels existants entre ce dernier, la région de Colima,
l'Ouest mésoaméricain et l'aire culturelle dans son ensemble. La campagne de fouille ainsi menée a permis la
récupération de vingt-six individus de différents sexes et âges. Au moins quatre périodes d'occupation ont été
enregistrées sur le site. La présence humaine sur le site s'étend donc de 339AD à 682 AD (datations au radiocarbone
sur trois individus du site El Tropel), ce qui correspond à la phase archéologique Comala à Colima. L'abondance
d'artefacts de cette phase dans les quatre strates culturelles du site a permis de réaliser une datation relative en
relation avec l'apparition et la fréquence de céramiques d'autres phases culturelles connues : Ortices, Colima,
Armería y Chanal. Concernant les pratiques funéraires, la fouille a permis de constater le traitement des cadavres
avant, pendant et après l'enterrement des défunts. Bien que des contextes funéraires similaires aient déjà été
mentionnés dans la région, aucun d'entre eux n'a pu être identifié clairement. Ces traitements funéraires démontrent
l'existence chez les anciens habitants de Colima d'une transmission des connaissances concernant l'anatomie,
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
les processus de décomposition des cadavres, et même possiblement d'un culte des os humains. Une étude
ostéologique a été menée sur les squelettes afin de documenter les aspects démographiques, pathologiques,
sociaux et économiques de la population du site. Parmi les éléments les plus significatifs de l'étude, il est
possible de mentionner la présence de certaines pathologies peu connues dans cette région de la Mésoamérique
telles que la syphilis et la tuberculose. Des déformations crâniennes ont aussi été observées, ainsique la présence
d'un déformateur crânien en céramique. De plus, de nombreuses données ont été relevées concernant la présence
d'os wormiens sur les crânes déformés artificiellement. Finalement, des analyses d'isotopes stables ont été
pratiquées sur des os des individus, ainsi que sur des os de chiens et de cerfs retrouvés sur le site, afin de
mieux connaître l'alimentation et la vie des communautés anciennes de la région.
KOZAKOWSKI, Stephanie, 2013 (UToronto). 3D Geometric Morphometric Analysis of
Hylobati Cranial Ontogeny: implications for interpreting the evolutionary history of hominoid
cranial growth.
Abstract not available.
MACDONALD, Danielle, 2013 (UToronto). Interpreting Variability Through Multiple
methodologies: the interplay of form and function in Epipalaeolithic microliths.
The reason and significance of variation in material culture is one of the most fundamental debates in archaeological
studies. These debates factor strongly into Levantine Epipalaeolithic research, where the morphological variability
of microlithic tools has been interpreted to represent distinct cultural or ethnic communities. This dissertation
addresses microlith variability during the Middle Epipalaeolithic (≈17,500 – 14,600 cal BP) through the analysis of
lithic assemblages from Wadi Mataha, ‘Uyun al-Hammâm, and Kharaneh IV (Jordan). Although regionally
disparate, the lithic assemblages are characterized by the same geometric microlith type: the trapeze-rectangle. The
integration of typological, technological, morphometric, and use-wear analyses allows for the subtleties in material
culture to be explored among these sites. In addition to these analyses, new methods for use-wear quantification are
This dissertation sets out to test several hypotheses in regards to the microlith assemblages: 1) microliths will have
overlapping functions, indicating that function does not drive form; and 2) microliths will show differences in
technological style. These hypotheses relate back to current debates in Epipalaeolithic research about the nature of
microlith variability. Is variation in microlith morphology the product of different technological sequences of
production or microlith function? Or is variability the result of different cultural practices? This material culture
variability is explored through the lens of the chaîne opératoire, where I advocate for the inclusion of functional
analysis into our study of lithic assemblages. Through the integration of multiple methods, I suggest there is not a
direct correlation between microlith form and function. Instead, the variability we witness in microliths during the
Middle Epipalaeolithic is the result of local expressions within different communities.
MACLEOD-LESLIE, Heather, 2012 (MUN). Sankofa/Return and Get It: an archaeological
exploration of Black Loyalist identity and culture, Nova Scotia.
Scholarly archaeological research into the African diaspora in Atlantic Canada is quite limited to date. The discourse
in history has been more regularly attended here but, given the sociopolitical challenges that members of the African
diaspora faced, archaeology is a vital and perhaps more democratic source of information to understand this heritage
and its importance to modern Atlantic Canadians. This thesis represents an effort to begin to fill this need. Localized
cultural variation is a factor for which scholars must allow, however the discourse on African diaspora archaeology
has demonstrated that some common, Africentric cultural phenomena link populations across the wide geography of
the colonial African diaspora through both their African cultural heritage and experiences as members of this
diaspora. This thesis, using a specific focus on Black Loyalists and their descendents in Nova Scotia, contends that
early black settlers in Atlantic Canada embodied varying degrees and facets of West African cultural traditions.
These have contributed to modern black culture and ethnocultural identity in Atlantic Canada and must be seen in
both their contemporary and historic contexts as African diasporic in nature. This research uses several approaches
to understand the emic perspective of African Nova Scotian identity and local cultural heritage. These include a
comparative study of consumption behavior through an analysis of ceramic decorative colours and motifs, an
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
attempt to comprehend cultural landscapes at regional, community and household levels and a consideration of
ethnocultural identity through materially expressed Africentric spirituality and folk traditions. Further, this thesis
demonstrates that, since the material traces of such Africentric practices and perspectives lack any substantial
documentary record to assist in their comprehension, the adoption of an Africentric perspective to archaeological
field methodology and interpretation is necessary for both detecting the evidence and understanding it. Data from
several Black Loyalist communities were analyzed to address the varied objectives including Delap's Cove
(Annapolis Co.), Rear Monastery (Antigonish & Guysborough Cos.), Birchtown (Shelburne Co.) and a white Irish
community, Coote Cove (Halifax Regional Municipality). Data from previous research was used from the latter two
communities, whereas the author collected data specifically for this research from the two former communities.
OLSEN, Karyn, 2013 (UWO). A Multi-Isotope Investigation of Two Medieval German
Populations Providing Insight into the Relationships Between Diet, Disease, and Tissue Isotopic
This thesis investigates the relationship between disease and bone collagen isotope compositions, and uses isotopic
analyses of human and faunal bone to examine the diet and geographic associations of two medieval (9th to 16th
century) German communities derived from urban (Regensburg, n=111) and rural (Dalheim, n=24) contexts.
The first goal of this research was to determine the reliability of bone collagen isotopic compositions to characterize
diet in unhealthy individuals. Examples of bone pathology were selected from two medieval samples and one
modern/historic skeletal collection (n=49) in order to measure the extent to which pathology influences intra-skeletal
isotopic variability. The carbon- and nitrogen-isotope compositions of collagen from pathological bone were
compared to areas of related but unaffected bone. Individuals with osteomyelitic lesions or incompletely remodeled
bone fractures demonstrated intra-skeletal variability in their nitrogen-isotope ratios. Overall, these differences were
small, but larger than expected for normal intra-skeletal variability, and likely reflect changes in body metabolism
that accompany chronic infection and severe trauma.
This work also assessed the reliability of interpreting distinct diets from inter-individual differences in isotopic
ratios. The Regensburg sample was used to test whether or not a relationship exists between various diseases and
bone collagen nitrogen-isotope compositions when skeletal elements exhibiting pathology are avoided entirely
during sampling. Although a number of conditions were evaluated, no disease processes were found to seriously
modify original collagen nitrogen-isotope compositions. These results suggest that individuals with obvious bone
pathology need not be excluded from isotopic investigations of paleodiet.
The second goal of this research was to investigate the Regensburg and Dalheim populations in terms of diet and
geographic identity using a multi-isotope analysis of human and faunal remains. At both sites, diets were based on
C3 plants and/or plant-consumers, although minor consumption of millet (C4) cannot be ruled out. Differential
access to dietary protein was observed in both communities, but the Regensburg residents likely consumed more
foods from a higher trophic level (e.g., freshwater fish). The oxygen-isotope data for bone structural carbonate
broadly associated most individuals with their region of burial but identifying specific geographic relocations within
the region was not possible.
PATTERSON, Catherine, 2013 (McMaster). The Heritage of Life and Death in Historic
Family Cemeteries of Niagara, Ontario.
This study explores the history of Niagara settlement and settlers through the changing patterns of burial and
commemoration visible in historical family cemeteries established following Euro-American settlement in the
1790s. Data collected from a combination of site survey and archival research demonstrate three clear phases of: 1)
early cemetery creation and use 2) the transition to burial in public cemeteries throughout the late 1800s; and 3) the
closure of family cemeteries by the early 1900s followed by periods of neglect and renewal characterized by inactive
cemeteries being repurposed by descendants as sites of heritage display.
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
There is incredible variation in burial data and the overall patterns speak to changing identity relating to family,
land, community, memory, and history. More specifically, the results of this study demonstrate a shift from an
identity created through the experience of family place and burial to a community-based identity that emphasizes the
nuclear family and their history within their wider social network. More recent heritage displays have explicitly
introduced a narrative of settlement, Loyalist identity, and land ownership that was inherent when cemeteries were
in use.
This cemetery-based history approach demonstrates the potential of mortuary material culture to address questions
of social change within the historical context in which it was created and used. It also highlights the value of
variability in cemetery data and the consideration of the circumstances of cemetery creation, use, neglect, and
renewal to inform the range of personal and collective histories that are visible over generations.
PENNYCOOK, Carlie, 2013 (UWO). A Stable Isotopic Investigation of Palaeodiet and
Residential Mobility During the Integration Period, Quito Basin, Ecuador.
The Integration Period (500/600-1532 C.E.) saw pre-Columbian society in the Quito Basin of Ecuador develop more
politically and socially complex chiefdoms focused around agricultural production and trade. In this study, carbon,
nitrogen and oxygen isotopic analyses of bone and teeth from 115 individuals from the sites of Tajamar (n=73) and
Nuevo Aeropuerto Internacional de Quito (NAIQ) (n=42) were performed in order to reconstruct short- and longterm dietary patterns, and residential mobility in the Quito Basin. Emphasis was placed on how/if these large-scale
societal changes in the region affected group dietary patterns and individual choices and actions.
The isotopic analysis of adult bone demonstrated that the long-term average diet varied substantially between the
two sites. The diet at Tajamar consisted primarily of C4 plants (maize) with protein derived largely from plants and
some lower trophic level domestic animal meat (likely guinea pigs [cuy]). At NAIQ, the diet was more generalized,
having a mixed C3/C4 plant base with greater reliance on C3 plants and the consumption of both wild and domestic
terrestrial animal protein. The differences between Tajamar and NAIQ are likely the result of the populations living
within and exploiting different ecological zones within the environmentally diverse Quito Basin.
Childhood dietary variations were assessed through the isotopic analysis of early-and late-forming teeth as well as
juvenile bone. For most individuals, breastfeeding ceased before 2 years of age. By late childhood, the diet was
similar to adult patterns for each respective site, with the possible exception of higher consumption of boiled/stewed
beverages during later childhood. The high intra-site isotopic variability in early and late childhood tissues
suggested the absence of a uniform nursing/weaning strategy. Individual actions also likely played a large role in
adult dietary practices.
The oxygen-isotope results for these Quito Basin human tissues and modern environmental waters showed high
intra-site variability and are suggestive of geographic mobility. When combined with the carbon and nitrogen
isotopic data, however, the results could also be indicative of greater autonomy in dietary choices and animal
management practices by individuals at Tajamar and NAIQ.
PERRON, Martin, 2013 (U de Montréal). La production et la diffusion des céramiques
utilitaires de style à bandes à Argilos et dans le nord de l'Égée aux périodes archaïque et
Cette étude porte sur l'analyse des céramiques de style à bandes - mieux connues dans la littérature anglo-saxonne
sous le nom de waveline pottery - produites dans le nord de l'Égée aux périodes archaïque et classique. Cette
catégorie de récipients, dont les formes et l'ornementation s'inspirent principalement des productions issues des
ateliers micrasiatiques des VIIe et VIe siècles av. J.-C., jouit d'une vaste distribution en Thrace et en Macédoine
orientale. Elle regroupe une importante variété de vaisselles d'usage courant utilisées pour le service et le stockage
des denrées. Cette recherche propose de dresser le portrait de la production et de la diffusion de ces céramiques en
Égée du Nord par le biais de l'étude de céramiques recueillis sur sept colonies grecques établies entre le Strymon et
le golfe de Maronée et six sites de l'arrière-pays thrace. Elle vise à rassembler, au moyen de données archéologiques
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et archéométriques, des informations sur les milieux de production, les réseaux d'échanges et les habitudes de
consommation de la clientèle à l'égard de ces céramiques. Le volet archéologique vise d'abord à définir le répertoire
des formes, des décors et des pâtes argileuses, puis à déterminer l'étendue et le cadre chronologique de la
production. Le volet archéométrique porte sur des analyses physico-chimiques en laboratoire (spectrométrie de
fluorescence par rayons X) visant à caractériser et à déterminer l'origine de 200 des 540 céramiques recensées. Le
corpus est principalement constitué d'échantillons mis au jour sur les sites d'Argilos, de Thasos, de Bergè et de
Phagrès, en Macédoine orientale. L'inédit de la recherche réside dans l'opportunité qu'elle offre aux archéologues de
dater et d'identifier l'origine des céramiques à bandes, entraînant des répercussions directes sur les discussions
portant sur les milieux de production, les réseaux de circulation, les relations interrégionales et les habitudes de
consommation à l'égard de ces céramiques. dans le nord de l'Égée entre les VIIe et IVe siècles av. J.-C.
VALLIÈRES, Claudine, 2013 (McGill). A taste of Tiwanaku: daily life in an ancient Andean
urban center as seen through cuisine.
This dissertation explores issues of identity at Tiwanaku, the urban cosmopolitan capital of an ancient Andean
polity. This is done through an in-depth investigation of domestic culinary practices within the non-elite
neighbourhood of Mollo Kontu. Recent research on the creation and maintenance of Tiwanaku socio-political
relations has emphasized the importance of communal feasting events as the process through which residents were
integrated into a broad Tiwanaku inclusive state identity. In particular, the consumption of maize beer (chicha), and
the use of attractive ceramic paraphernalia attached to chicha production and consumption, are viewed as key
aspects of the consensual integration to the Tiwanaku lifestyle. Results from my investigation of everyday culinary
practices suggest that this Tiwanaku state inclusive identity was not as universally accepted as previously suggested.
A detailed analysis of faunal remains from selected domestic contexts is presented and integrated with ceramic,
paleoethnobotanical, ichtyoarchaeological, and bioarchaeological results, to illustrate the chaîne opératoire of
cuisine at Mollo Kontu. I demonstrate that its residents managed their own camelid herds for meat production and
consumption, independently from the Tiwanaku state. Their presence represents the exploitation of a shared food
preference rather than an epiphenomenon of the residents' economic and political situation. Mollo Kontu daily
cuisine emphasized and valued the ingestion of local resources, especially domesticated camelids, in contrast to
the Tiwanaku state identity manifested in the commensal consumption of beer made of non-local maize. This
suggests both an independence from the state, and the reinforcement of a local highland identity through the
ingestion of locally produced staples, in an increasingly cosmopolitan urban context. Combined with isotopic results
which showed Mollo Kontu residents consumed little maize, I argue that Mollo Kontu residents did not fully
embrace the pluri-ethnic nature of the Tiwanaku state; in their daily lives they embraced their local roots through
their culinary practices.
WADE, Andrew, 2012 (UWO). Hearts and Minds: examining the evolution of the Egyptian
excerebration and evisceration traditions through the IMPACT mummy database.
Egyptian mummification and funerary rituals were a transformative process, making the deceased a pure being; free
of disease, injury, and disfigurements, as well as ethical and moral impurities. Consequently, the features of
mummification available to specific categories of individuals hold social and ideological significance. This study
refutes long-held classical stereotypes, particularly dogmatic class associations; demonstrates the apocryphal nature
of universal heart retention; and expands on the purposes of excerebration and evisceration implied by synthetic and
radiological analyses.
Features of the embalming traditions, specifically the variable excerebration and evisceration traditions, represented
the Egyptian view of death. Fine-grain analyses, through primary imaging data for these traditions, have recently
been made possible on a large scale through the development of a radiological mummy database. The IMPACT
Radiological Mummy Database is a multi-institutional, collaborative research project devoted to the scientific study
of mummified remains through primary data from medical imaging modalities. This first application of IMPACT
addresses the evolution of Egyptian excerebration and evisceration, and how suites of features in mummies of
differing age, sex, status, and location differ and how they relate to the fate of the recipient’s afterlife and to
sociopolitical and ideological changes and interactions.
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
WILKINS, Jayne, 2012 (UToronto). Technological Change in the Early Middle Pleistocene: the
onset of the Middle Stone Age at Kathu Pan 1, Northern Cape, South Africa.
This dissertation describes the technological behaviors represented by the ~500-thousand-year-old stratum 4a lithic
assemblage from Kathu Pan 1 (KP1), Northern Cape, South Africa, and situates new evidence from this site into
evolutionary context. The findings highlight the significance of the early Middle Pleistocene in Africa for
understanding behavioral evolution in later Homo. The stratum 4a assemblage at KP1 represents a mainly flake and
blade-based industry that employed multiple strategies to produce blanks that were retouched into a variety of forms,
including unifacially retouched points. Diverse core reduction strategies at KP1 suggests that KP1 hominins were
flexible to the demands of local raw materials, consistent with increased degrees of ‘behavioral variability’ and
adaptability. Several lines of evidence indicate that the KP1 points were used as spear tips. Points from sites ~300
thousand years ago (ka) and younger were often used as weapon tips, and evidence for this behavior can now be
pushed back to ~500 ka, with important implications for cognition and social behavior among early Middle
Pleistocene hominins. Raw materials in the KP1 assemblage were acquired from multiple local sources. Based on
comparisons with a sample from the underlying stratum 4b Acheulean assemblage, the stratum 4a assemblage does
not exhibit major changes in the kinds or quality of raw material exploited; thus, the technological changes
represented by the stratum 4a assemblage are not explained by changes in raw material. New evidence from KP1
poses problems for current models that link the appearance of Middle Stone Age technologies to speciation and
dispersion ~300 ka. Middle Stone Age technologies appear in the African archaeological record by ~500 ka. The
new timing for the origins of Middle Stone Age technologies provides a parsimonious explanation for technological
similarities between the lithic assemblages of Neanderthals and modern Homo sapiens, who share a common
ancestor in the early Middle Pleistocene. Limits imposed by the nature of the African archaeological record and
chronometric analyses may explain why the antiquity of these technological changes was not previously recognized.
WOOD, Carolan, 2012 (UToronto). The Influence of Growth and Development in the
Expression of Human Morphological Variation.
Abstract not available.
MA and MSc Theses
ANDREWS, Ken, 2012 (UWO). Paleoepidemiology of Leprosy in Roman Period Dakhleh
Abstract not available.
BÉLANGER, Jonathan, 2012 (U de Montréal). Étude technologique et morphologique de
la cornéenne dans le sud du Québec: le cas de la carrière préhistorique du mont Royal (BjFj-97)
à Montréal.
Le site de la carrière du mont Royal (BjFj-97), découvert en 1993 par Yvon Codère et inventorié en 1997 par
l'équipe d'Ethnoscop Inc., constitue une énigme archéologique intéressante pour quiconque s'intéresse à la
préhistoire de l'île de Montréal et de sa région adjacente. Lors des activités archéologiques de 1997, quelques idées
furent émises quant à son affiliation chronologique et sa nature, suggérant une occupation remontant à l'Archaïque
terminal (4000 à 3000 AA) orientée vers l'extraction et la transformation de la cornéenne, une pierre métamorphique
résultant de la transformation du substrat rocheux en place suite à des intrusions magmatiques lors du Crétacé qui
ont créé les Montérégiennes. Le matériel, comprenant plus de 10 000 déchets de taille et un peu plus de 70 artéfacts
divers, ne fît pas l'objet d'analyses poussées hormis la datation approximative du site par un examen sommaire des
pointes de projectile. Ce mémoire reprend les données de 1997 et apporte une perspective nouvelle au site en
décrivant morphologiquement et technologiquement le débitage de la pierre de façon à comprendre la chaîne
opératoire de la cornéenne, une matière peu étudiée, mais fort commune au Québec méridional, appréhender les
possibilités de la matière et aborder les questions de datation. L'ensemble du matériel lithique fît l'objet d'une
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analyse lithique poussée axée sur le débitage et les produits finis et propose la prépondérance de la taille bifaciale,
ponctuée par un débitage sur éclat conséquent. L'ensemble des étapes de la chaîne opératoire est présent sur le
site de la carrière du mont Royal. La cornéenne est une matière difficile à tailler en raison de son imprévisibilité, liée
à la structure même de la matière, menant à un fort taux d'échecs lors de l'élaboration des outils. La datation de
l'occupation principale du site pointe vers l'Archaïque terminal, mais le caractère équivoque des diverses classes
d'objets rend difficile sa définition absolue, faute d'objets parfaitement diagnostiques. Le site BjFj-97 ressemble
grandement à un site homologue en Nouvelle-Angleterre où la cornéenne fût travaillée suivant le même schéma
opératoire, suggérant un apparentement culturel possible. La cornéenne abonde et domine dans les assemblages
archéologiques de la région montréalaise, substituant ainsi des matières de meilleure qualité absentes
régionalement. Leurs correspondances chronologiques transcendent celles établies lors de l'analyse du matériel
de la carrière et montrent un étalement chronologiquement plus étendu, de l'Archaïque laurentien au Sylvicole
supérieur. La cornéenne se retrouve habituellement sous forme d'outils bifaciaux fonctionnels (bifaces, couteaux et
pointes de projectile) de piètre facture et d'outils sur éclats (grattoirs et racloirs) rudimentaires, suggérant une
signification strictement utilitaire, le propre des matières de basse qualité. Les modes d'extraction de la cornéenne
restent inconnus sur le mont Royal. Le mont Royal est plus qu'un vulgaire point défensif, il constitue la base de la
subsistance des populations préhistoriques de jadis où se trouvent les matériaux nécessaires à la taille d'outils de
prédation liés à un mode de vie mobile où domine la chasse.
BOUCHER, Kaye-Lynn, 2012 (UWO). A Comparative Ontogenetic Study of Biomechanical
Adaptations in the Long Bones of South African Khoisan and Sadlermiut Inuit.
This research examines and compares the biomechanical adaptations of juveniles from two different climate-adapted
populations: Khoisan foragers from South Africa and Sadlermiut Inuit from Nunavut, Canada. Cortical bone
measurements were recorded at three diaphyseal locations on the Sadlermiut and Khoisan humeri, tibiae and femora
using biplanar radiographs. Biomechanical strength properties were calculated using the Eccentric Ellipse Method
(EEM). EEM calculations were interpreted with consideration to the known behavioural patterns of the two groups.
Humeral AP and torsional bending strength were greater in the Sadlermiut compared to the Khoisan – most likely
caused by kayak paddling among the Sadlermiut. Few differences were found between the Khoisan and Sadlermiut
tibiae and femora. The Khoisan and Sadlermiut may not have been participating in lower body activities with
sufficient, or sufficiently different, intensity to produce unique osteogenic responses. The juveniles demonstrated an
increase in humeral strength at around age 12 which was concluded to be attributable to the onset of adult activities.
However, the strength increases seen in the juvenile tibiae and femora occurred at expected ages for normal growth
and could not be fully attributed to the adoption of adult activities.
BRANDY, Eliza, 2013 (MUN). Inuit Animal Use and Shifting Identities in 19th Century
Labrador: The Zooarchaeology of Snooks Cove.
The archaeological site of Snooks Cove (GaBp-7), situated in Hamilton Inlet along the central coast of Labrador, has
been confirmed as a place where multiple Inuit families resided from the late 18th through 19th centuries. Analysis
of the faunal remains recovered during excavation of two houses at this site provides a glimpse at how the Inuit
inhabitants prioritized traditional animal use patterns, while still actively participating in new intercultural
exchanges, such as the trapping and trading economy. This thesis can demonstrate the dynamic nature of cultural
continuity and changing identities. At Snooks Cove this is seen most prominently when the results are compared to
Inuit, British, and mixed ethnicity sites. This research further supports that zooarchaeology can contribute valuable
insights into the varied Inuit responses to social and economic opportunities brought about by the increasingly
permanent European presence in Labrador.
BROWN, Lisa, 2013 (UWO). Statistical Analysis of Nonmetric Cranial Trait Interaction in a
Skeletal Population Sample from the Dakhleh Oasis, Egypt.
Skeletal nonmetric traits have been used since the 1960s in genetic distance analyses, largely ignoring the potential
for intertrait correlation. Using a skeletal population sample from the Dakhleh Oasis, Egypt, this thesis tests the null
hypothesis that intertrait correlation is not occurring in the population at a significant level. Additionally, this thesis
tests whether the odds ratio is a suitable statistical test for intertrait correlation. Using the phi coefficient and odds
ratio, pairwise comparisons between 39 cranial nonmetric traits were calculated. The results of the statistical
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
analysis show that intertrait correlation is occurring in the Dakhleh Oasis at a significant level, meaning that
intertrait correlation should be tested for in genetic distance studies using nonmetric traits. The odds ratio is found to
be a suitable test for intertrait correlation, and is most helpful when combined with the use of the phi coefficient.
COOKSON, Corey A., 2013 (UAlberta). An Analysis of Site Selection Behaviours and
Landscape Use in the Prince Rupert Harbour Area.
I discuss the coastal occupation history of the Coast Tsimshian in terms of the distribution of known archaeological
sites in the Prince Rupert Harbour, located on the northern coast of British Columbia. I identify patterns in site
selection behaviours that emerged over the past 5000 years since sea level stabilization. These observations are
analyzed using geographic information systems (GIS) to understand how these past human populations used and
organized themselves on the landscape. This spatial analysis provides information on the development of certain
subsistence practices and the environmental factors that influenced the placement of sites in the landscape. These
factors are considered in relation to non-environmental factors such as defensibility, visibility, and proximity to
other sites, which would have directed site location decisions during times of increased conflict. These patterns in
site characteristics are used to understand the agency of the settlement history in the Prince Rupert harbour area.
DEPLONTY, Alison, 2013 (UWO). Staging Sacrifice: knowledge mobilization and visitation at
Huacas de Moche, Peru.
Since the 1990s there has been increased pressure for archaeologists to present the results of their work to the
general public. Archaeological site museums have proven to be popular venues for the dissemination of
archaeological knowledge. These institutions pose challenges to museum designers and archaeologists, who must
negotiate visitor and heritage sustainability. In this thesis the pre-Inca site of Huacas de Moche (ca. 50-850 CE),
Peru, is used as a case study to examine how visitor behaviour and experience are channeled through site branding
and the adherence to a storyline throughout visits to the museum and ruins. However, this thesis shows that
experience is largely a result of interaction between visitors and tour guides. Ultimately, effective organization of
archaeological site museums can positively impact knowledge mobilization and visitation, as interpretation is at the
heart of museum planning and use, as it connects and occurs at all levels of knowledge mobilization.
DESROSIERS, Emilie, 2013 (U de Montréal). Reconstruction et étude de la variabilité du
régime alimentaire des sociétés préhispaniques de la basse vallée de Santa, Pérou.
Ce projet de recherche porte principalement sur la reconstruction du régime alimentaire à l'aide d'une approche
paléochimique. Des analyses isotopiques du carbone de l'azote ont été réalisées sur le collagène des os sur un
échantillon de trente-huit individus provenant de trois sites différents de la basse vallée de Santa, sur la côte nord du
Pérou : El Castillo, Guadalupito et Huaca China. Parmi les individus sélectionnés, certains sont affiliés aux groupes
des Gallinazo, des Mochica, des Tanguche ou des Chimú couvrant ainsi la Période intermédiaire ancienne, l'Horizon
moyen et la Période intermédiaire récente. L'approche isotopique a été utilisée afin de caractériser dans un premier
temps, le régime alimentaire de la population globale en la comparant à d'autres groupes préhispaniques de l'Aire
andine. Les résultats obtenus sur trente-deux individus suggèrent une alimentation variée incluant le maïs ainsi que
des ressources marines, illustrant que ces groupes agriculteurs exploitaient les deux types d'écosystèmes à leur
portée. Ces résultats sont supportés par l'analyse du carbone sur l'apatite pour cinq individus. Le second but fut
d'étudier la variabilité du régime alimentaire entre les différents individus de l'échantillon, en fonction de la période
d'occupation, du site de provenance, de l'affiliation culturelle, de l'âge et du sexe et du statut social. La petite taille
de l'échantillon a limité considérablement la discussion de ces différents paramètres. Il a toutefois été possible de
remarquer un accès aux ressources riches en protéines plus avantageux pour les hommes et la présence de possibles
différences dans l'alimentation chez les individus juvéniles. Finalement, la confrontation des données funéraires à la
reconstruction du régime alimentaire a été faite pour cinq cas particuliers de pratiques funéraires provenant du site
El Castillo, premier centre régional de la civilisation Mochica dans la basse vallée de Santa. Dans tous les cas, le
régime alimentaire suggéré par les compositions isotopiques supporte les interprétations des statuts sociaux de ces
individus faites à partir des contextes funéraires.
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
D'ORTENZIO, Lori, 2013 (McMaster). You Are Not What You Eat During Stress: an isotopic
evaluation of human hair from Belleville, Ontario.
Carbon and nitrogen isotope values in sequential segments of human hair keratin provide an archive of temporal
fluctuations in isotopic composition close to the time of an individual’s death. By combining stable isotope analysis
with a microscopic examination of hair, this thesis explores health status prior to the death of early settlers from St.
Thomas’ Anglican Church cemetery in Belleville, Ontario (1821-1874). The purpose of this thesis is to determine if
there is a consistent difference in carbon and nitrogen isotopic signatures along sequentially segmented hair in
individuals who have observable pathological conditions versus individuals who display no osteological evidence of
pathology. Elevated nitrogen values can be associated with physiological stressors such as chronic illness, infection,
or injury that affect an individual’s metabolic state. Elevated nitrogen values represent a recycling of nitrogen
derived from the breakdown of existing proteins in the body and subsequent tissue repair. Results from 10
individuals indicate that δ15N values increase greater than 1‰ if an individual was suffering from a pathological
condition (e.g., periostitis) or decrease by 1‰ if an individual was possibly pregnant, while δ13C values remained
relatively constant. The variability in nitrogen values over 1‰, coinciding with less change in δ 13C values, may be
indicative of physiological stress. These results suggest that δ15N values are not only useful for studying diet, but
may also be used as indicators of physiological stress.
EMERY, Matthew, 2012 (McMaster). A Stable Isotopic Investigation of the Smith's Knoll
This thesis uses stable isotopic analysis to identify diet, geographic origins and long-term residency in a sub-sample
of the Smith’s Knoll skeletal collection, soldiers who died during the June 6 th 1813 Battle of Stoney Creek. The
major objectives of this study have been to differentiate between two major modes of dietary consumption, one
wheat-based, the other maize-based, in an attempt to decipher British colonial from American soldiers. These
objectives were paired with stable oxygen and strontium isotopes, two isotopic elements presently used to identify
migration and regional origins. Oxygen isotopic results from teeth suggest that, as children, 5 individuals may have
originated in North America. Nine individuals have isotopic signatures indicative of both a North American or
United Kingdom origins. The isotopic composition from bone collagen and phosphate suggest similar geographic
origins, with diets composed of both wheat- and maize-based foods. Bone phosphate values indicate that 2
individuals possibly resided in North America. The remaining 20 individuals have bone values indicative of longterm residency in both geographic regions with a significant amount of dietary mixing. These results suggest that
other military participants, soldiers from the King’s 8 th Regiment and Canadian militiamen, may also be represented
in this study. Prior investigations have omitted this crucial information, focusing their historic research primarily on
the British 49th Regiment. The data presented in this thesis offers a broader geographic, pan-nationalistic perspective
on the possible infantrymen and militiamen who fought during the battle, including select Canadian militiamen from
the Niagara region and the King’s 8th Regiment from Britain.
FOREMAN, Christine, 2012 (U Lethbridge). Besant Beginnings at the Fincastle Site: a late
middle prehistoric comparative study on the northern plains.
The Fincastle Bison Kill Site (DlOx-5), located approximately 100 km east of Lethbridge, Alberta, has been
radiocarbon dated to 2 500 BP. Excavations at the site yielded an extensive assemblage of lithics and faunal
remains, and several unique features. The elongated point forms, along with the bone upright features, appeared
similar to those found at Sonota sites within the Dakota region that dated between 1 950 BP and 1 350 BP. The
relatively early date of the Fincastle Site prompted a re-investigation into the origins of the Besant Culture. The
features, faunal and lithic assemblages from twenty-three Late Middle Prehistoric sites in Southern Alberta,
Saskatchewan, Montana, Wyoming, and the Dakotas were analyzed and compared. The findings show that
Fincastle represents an early component of the Besant Culture referred to as the Outlook Complex. This analysis
also suggests a possible Middle Missouri origin of the Fincastle hunters, as well as the entire Besant Culture.
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
GUIRY, Eric, 2012 (MUN). Dogs as Analogs in Stable Isotope Based Human Paleodietry
Reconstructions: assessing the canine surrogacy approach.
In contexts where human remains are scarce, poorly preserved, or otherwise unavailable for stable isotope-based
paleodietary reconstruction, domestic dog bone collagen as well as other tissues may provide a suitable analogical
material for addressing questions relating to human dietary practices. The premise of this “Canine Surrogacy
Approach” (CSA) is that dogs likely consumed scraps from human meals and feces and thus could have shared an
isotopically similar diet with contemporaneous humans.
This thesis has three objectives. The first is to provide an overview of the CSA’s development and use. A literature
review and a cross-contextual comparison of human-dog dietary similarities shows that dogs can most often provide
a rough dietary analogy for their human keepers in a wide variety of contexts. The ensuing discussion details where
and why the CSA is most likely to be applied as well as where future methodological innovation is likely to occur.
Second, theoretical considerations indicate how CSA applications are essentially analogical inferences which can be
divided into two groups, each providing specific types of information and requiring different levels of substantiation.
A framework for three categories of factors is outlined to aid in establishing positive, negative, and neutral elements
of comparison of dog and human diets. These considerations show that CSA applications can benefit from explicitly
detailing the type and nature of the analogical reasoning employed and from providing a systematic assessment of
the degree to which stable isotope values of dogs and humans under comparison are thought to be like, unlike, or of
unknown likeness.ii
Third, a case study is presented to test the CSA. Stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis of dog and (previously
analyzed) human bone collagen is used to reconstruct human diet among two related Late Archaic maritime oriented
hunter-gatherer groups – the Moorehead and the Maritime Archaic Indian. Based on a demonstrated human-dog
similarity in these contexts, the CSA is then applied to help understand human diet in a similar archaeological
context in which no human remains have been recovered - the Moorehead occupation of the Turner Farm site.
HATCHER, Hilary, 2013 (MUN). Exploring an Anglophone Presence at the French Fishing
Room, Champ Paya, at Dos de Cheval (EfAx-09) in Cap Rouge Harbour, Newfoundland.
Abstract not available.
HENDERSON, Georgina Jane, 2013 (U Victoria). Spiral Fluted Columns and the Mechanical
Screw: the history of a mathematical idea in ancient architecture and mechanical technology.
This thesis examines the stone-carved architectural spiral fluted column from second-millennium B.C. Mesopotamia
to the fourth-century A.D. Roman Empire, and establishes its relationship to technological devices such as water
screws, screw presses, and other machines. Evidence from literary sources and archaeological records shows the
increasing architectural use of the helical spiral during that time, particularly in structures such as theatres,
nymphaea, colonnades and decorative gateways. The use of spiral designs on coins, sarcophagi, pottery and wall
paintings is also discussed. The thesis presents: the mathematics of the spiral as applied in Mesopotamian
architecture; spiral use in the Aegean Bronze and Iron Ages and the Greek and Roman worlds; and its use in
technology and mechanical devices, specifically those of Archimedes and Hero. The conclusion summarises the
evidence, demonstrating that the construction of the spiral fluted column evolved from that of the Archimedean
water screw.
HENRIET, Jean-Pierre, 2012 (U de Montréal). L'outillage sur plaquette en quartzite du site
ElFs-010. Étude d'une technologie distinctive en Jamésie, Québec (1900-400 A.A.).
Ce projet de recherche tente de mieux comprendre le phénomène des supports sur plaquette en quartzite du site
ElFs-010 situé en Jamésie. Aucun travail de cette ampleur n'avait encore été réalisé sur ce type d'outil. Il y avait
donc un vide à combler. Afin de répondre le plus adéquatement possible à cette problématique, nous avons divisé
notre travail en trois objectifs. Dans un premier temps, déterminer si les plaquettes en quartzite sont le produit
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d'une technologie lithique ou bien d'un processus géologique naturel. En second lieu, démontrer si nous sommes en
présence d'un épiphénomène propre au site ElFs-010. Finalement, définir si une période chronologique correspond à
cette industrie. Les résultats de nos recherches nous démontrent que les supports sur plaquette en quartzite du
site ElFs-010 se retrouvent naturellement sur le talus d'effondrement de la Colline Blanche. Leur faible épaisseur
moyenne ainsi que leurs pans abrupts ont sans doute été les facteurs qui ont le plus influencé leur sélection. Ennous
basant sur ces deux caractéristiques, nous suggérons qu'ils auraient pu être utilisés comme des lames
interchangeables ou bien des burins. Nous avons recensé 33 sites jamésiens qui comportaient au moins un fragment
de plaquette en quartzite. Malgré quelques indices archéologiques, il est encore trop tôt pour affirmer que cette
industrie est diagnostique d'un groupe culturel jamésien. Les données chronologiques suggèrent que cette industrie a
connu un essor vers 1300 ans A.A. De plus, il semble que les régions géographiques que nous avons attribuées aux
sites correspondent à des séquences culturelles bien définies. Finalement, nos hypothèses portent sur des recherches
futures concernant un ensemble d'événements qui, tout comme les supports sur plaquette en quartzite, sont
révélateurs de changements dans le mode de vie des groupes préhistoriques de la Jamésie. Mots-clés : Archéologie,
Jamésie, ElFs-010, Colline Blanche, plaquette en quartzite, technologie lithique.
KEDDY, Joshua, 2013 (MUN). An Analysis of Artifact Morphology and Material Frequency in
Eight Early to Middle Labrador Archaic Lithic Assemblages from Northern Labrador.
The lithic collections from eight early to middle Labrador Archaic sites (HeCi-11, HdCg-07, HdCh-37, HdCg-33,
HdCg-19, HcCh-07, HiCj-05, and HdCh-09) were examined to determine if material and morphological trends
might be recognized which relate to the cultural shift from the early to middle Labrador Archaic occupations of
northern Labrador. This data was also used to explore the social and cultural variables which permeate these
collections. Material frequencies within the collections were analyzed and factors including the distance from each
site to the source areas of lithic types, as well as risk management within the lithic reduction process were
determined to have had an impact on Labrador Archaic lithic strategies.
Much work has been done on this region and time period and some of these changes in lithic artifact assemblages
have been remarked upon, but a mathematical metric and material description of these changes does not currently
exist in the extant literature. This analysis was undertaken on collections excavated over the last 40 years in order to
fill in that gap and create a firm quantitative basis from which future research can be launched. Towards this end
traditional measurement techniques as well as modern digital approaches to artifact analysis were undertaken in
order to better understand any such morphological shifts.
KLAGES, Arthur, 2013 (UWO). Micro CT Analysis of the Hominoid Subnasal Anatomy.
This thesis performed a micro-CT analysis of extant hominoid subnasal anatomy and a review of the subnasal
anatomy of the Miocene hominoids. This thesis tested the hypothesis that the extant hominoids exhibit diagnostic
morphological patterns of the subnasal anatomy that are phylogenetically informative. The terminology of the
subnasal anatomy was revised and new measurements were constructed to analyze the morphology of the hominoid
subnasal anatomy. It is suggested that previous analyses of the hominoid subnasal anatomy were limited by
technological constraints, poorly constructed measurements, and ambiguous terminology. This micro-CT analysis
confirmed that the extant hominoids do exhibit diagnostic patterns of their subnasal morphology and that these
patterns are indeed phylogenetically informative. A new character state was also discovered that differentiated
extant cercopithecoids from extant hominoids. The extant hominids exhibit a shared derived subnasal morphology,
while Pongo exhibits the most diagnostic and derived morphological pattern among the extant hominoids.
LANDRY, Daniel, 2012 (U de Montréal). La néolithisation dans la région de Montréal depuis le
Sylvicole moyen tardif: apport archéopalynologique.
Des preuves archéopalynologiques directes appuient maintenant l'hypothèse d'une lente adaptation horticole durant
la néolithisation amérindienne de la région de Montréal. Les sites archéologiques Hector-Trudel (BhFl-1a) de
Pointe-du-Buisson et Séminaire de Saint-Sulpice (BjFj-18) dans le Vieux-Montréal ont été retenus pour élaborer une
méthodologie archéopalynologique d'étude des sols archéologiques. Cela a permis de caractériser l'impact de la
présence humaine sur l'environnement végétal des sites et d'identifier des indices de culture et de gestion de plantes
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allogènes et indigènes. Un complexe horticole de production à petite échelle de maïs (Zea mays), de tournesol
(Helianthus annuus) et de petit tabac (Nicotiana rustica) et une forme de gestion des arbustes à petits fruits sont
identifiés au site Hector-Trudel durant le Sylvicole moyen tardif (500 à 1000 A.D.). Ces cultigènes sont aussi
identifiés au site du Séminaire pour la fin du Sylvicole supérieur ancien (1200 à 1300 A.D.), dans des proportions
toutefois plus importantes, et une activité de gestion forestière au profit des arbres à noix et du tilleul d'Amérique
(Tilia americana), reflet des pratiques d'entretien des champs cultivés, témoignent d'une évolution dans les
LECLERC, Marianne-Marilou, 2013 (U de Montréal). Chert Nastapoka : caractérisation
chimique et exploitation au Paléoesquimau, baie d'Hudson, Nunavik.
Les assemblages lithiques dominent la plupart des sites archéologiques du Nunavik et constituent ainsi une
véritable mine d'informations. Le nombre limité de travaux sur les matériaux de la côte est de la baie d'Hudson, nous
a amené à nous pencher sur une source présente dans ce secteur. Notre objectif était alors de caractériser la matière
première provenant de cette formation géologique, le chert Nastapoka. Pour ce faire, nous avons choisi la technique
de fluorescence aux rayons X. Les résultats ont permis de constater, en plus des observations macroscopiques, la
nature très variable de ce chert présentant une signature chimique complexe. Pour compléter le portrait, nous avons
évalué l'utilisation du chert Nastapoka par les Paléoesquimaux par une comparaison d'analyses technologiques déjà
effectuées sur les sites GhGk-4, GhGk-63 et IcGm-5. Cet examen a révélé que l'évolution des stratégies
d'exploitation des matériaux lithiques dans cette région appui le continuum culturel Prédorsétien-Dorsétien observé
LOCKAU, Laura, 2012 (McMaster). Bioarchealogical Analysis of Trauma in a Skeletal Sample
from Smith's Knoll Historic Cemetery.
The Smith’s Knoll collection is composed of the disarticulated, fragmentary, and commingled remains of battle dead
from the War of 1812. Historical and archaeological context of this site can be well established, making it
particularly valuable in helping to unveil the conditions experienced by individuals in the past. In this thesis, the
Smith’s Knoll collection was analyzed for evidence of postcranial perimortem traumatic skeletal lesions. Further
context for these injuries was provided through comparison with contemporaneous skeletal and surgical collections,
historical documentary sources, and other bioarchaeological studies on violence and warfare in the past.
Injuries associated with fractures, sharp force, and musket trauma were observed in the postcranial elements of the
collection. Although the overall prevalence of lesions is low, the majority of observed lesions can be attributed to
sharp force trauma. Sharp force injuries are present in fourteen of the ribs as well as one fibula, one femur, one
carpal, one vertebra, and one ulna. Musket injuries are present in three innominates and one scapula, and perimortem
fractures are present in one rib and one scapula. The sharp force injuries can be further differentiated into those most
likely caused by the bayonet, found in the torso, and those most likely caused by the sword, found in the extremities.
Musket trauma is present in the form of impact from both musket balls and buckshot. Importantly, this is the first
study to identify buckshot lesions on archaeological skeletal material.
The results of the analysis of Smith’s Knoll demonstrate the value of examining postcranial lesions in relation to
violence in the past, which has frequently been overlooked in bioarchaeology. As well, this collection illustrates that
fragmented, disarticulated, and commingled collections, despite their limitations, have much to contribute to
knowledge of interpersonal violent conflicts, both in prehistory and in the more recent past.
MAIKA, Monica, 2012 (UWO). A Use-Wear Analysis of Gravers from Paleo-Indian
Archaeological Sites in Southern Ontario.
Well-made gravers or spurred tools are one stone tool characteristic of the Paleo-Indian time period, but although
many explanations have been posited as to their purpose (tattooing, hide piercing, engraving, etc), to date few
typological or use-wear analyses have been conducted. This thesis analyzes a sample of gravers recovered from
Early Paleo-Indian (11,000-10,400 B.P.) sites in southern Ontario. Using graver morphology and low-power
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
microscopic examination of traces of use-wear, and guided by experiments using modern replicas, a typology of EPI
gravers is evaluated, and a better understanding of their functions and roles in Paleo-Indian technology obtained.
This study provides insights into these poorly understood tools and everyday Paleo-Indian actions, looking beyond
the traditional focus on the age of sites and manufacturing procedures used to produce Paleo-Indian technologies.
MATTOX, Christopher, 2012 (McGill). Materializing value: a comparative analysis of status
and distinction in urban Tiwanaku, Bolivia.
This study seeks to better understand the expression of wealth and status within two sectors of the capital of the
Tiwanaku polity, which expanded out of highland Bolivia between 250 and 1100AD. The city of Tiwanaku
consisted of a cosmopolitan urban environment, complete with magnificent monumental works, statues, and an
elaborate material culture at the city's core, and simultaneously featured extensive residential sectors which housed
the majority of the population along the periphery. This urban pattern has been taken, sometimes uncritically, to
suggest differences in wealth and status between inhabitants of different sectors of the site. My analysis of the
architecture and ceramics from two ritual and residential compound excavations focuses on problematizing the idea
of wealth at Tiwanaku; understanding the specific ways which the inhabitants of these areas defined and utilized
valuable objects; and recognizing the way these valuable objects, in turn, defined the users. Using a model which
assumes that ideas of wealth are heavily embedded in culture and context, I argue that inhabitants of Tiwanaku did,
in some, but not all cases, exhibit distinction through the use of material goods at the site. This conclusion highlights
the importance of holistic interpretation when looking to the questions of the materialization of past ideas of status
and wealth.
MCLELLAN, Alec, 2013 (Trent). Survey and settlement at the ancient Maya site of Ka'Kabish,
northern Belize.
Archaeologists at the ancient Maya site of Ka'Kabish, in northern Belize, have begun to recreate the developmental
history of this medium sized center. Over the course of the 2010 and 2011 field seasons, investigations of settlement
surrounding the site revealed several areas of domestic occupation. Archaeologists conducted field survey and testpit excavations to investigate the distribution and density of these structures, as well as the occupation history, of the
settlement zone. These investigations revealed that areas of the site were occupied as early as the Late Preclassic
(300BC-AD100) until the Late Postclassic (AD1250-1521), approaching the Colonial period of early Maya history.
Archaeologists compared distributional characteristics, along with structural densities, to other ancient Maya sites in
Northern Belize. These results demonstrate changes in the Ka'Kabish community over time and space, providing yet
another example of the variability in the rise and fall of ancient Maya polities.
RENAULT, Laurence, 2012 (U de Montréal). Un aspect méconnu de l'île de Montréal: les
occupations amérindiennes du Sylvicole supérieur à la fin du XVIIe siècle.
Ce mémoire a pour objectif général de définir et de caractériser les présences amérindiennes sur l'île de Montréal au
cours de la période s'échelonnant du Sylvicole supérieur à la fin du XVIIe siècle ainsi que de tenter de comprendre
le rôle qu'exerça le mont Royal dans ce contexte. En nous appuyant sur des théories de l'archéologie du paysage,
nous avons étudié la création consciente et inconsciente de paysages et la manière par laquelle ces lieux ont façonné
les comportements et les identités de leurs occupants. Grâce à la continuité d'activités répétitives, liées au concept de
taskscape, nous avons tenté d'y établir un modèle de trame d'occupation reflétant une utilisation dynamique et
stratégique du paysage face aux politiques coloniales. La démarche adoptée est celle d'une approche holistique
s'appuyant à la fois sur des données archéologiques, historiques, ethnohistoriques et ethnographiques émanant des
rapports de fouilles archéologiques, des traditions orales et des différents documents coloniaux datant des XVIe,
XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles. Cette étude a permis de déterminer différentes zones associées à des perceptions différentes
du paysage reflétant une stratégie de continuité dans la conceptualisation, l'organisation et la manipulation de
l'espace à la suite de l'appropriation des terres par le gouvernement colonial.
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
SAINDON, Pablo, 2013 (U de Montréal). Les grelots mésoaméricains: sons et couleurs du
Ce mémoire prend la forme d'une réflexion critique sur le modèle proposé par Hosler afin d'expliquer les taux
quantifiés d'étain et d'arsénique dans des objets de statut métalliques Mésoaméricains provenant principalement
de l'Occident mésoaméricain et couvrant les deux phases de développement de la métallurgie mésoaméricaine. Ces
objets font partie de la collection du Museo Regional de Guadalajara. Plus particulièrement, ce mémoire s'intéresse
aux grelots mésoaméricains puisqu'ils représentent un élément important de la métallurgie préhispanique en
Mésoamérique. Cette réflexion critique soulève plusieurs considérations techniques, méthodologiques,
étymologiques, iconographiques, ethnohistoriques et logiques du modèle de Hosler relativement à la couleur des
alliages constituant les grelots mésoaméricains. Les paramètres sur lesquels Hosler base son modèle sont
questionnables à plusieurs niveaux. Ainsi, le fait que les niveaux d'arsenic ou d'étain observés dans les alliages
cupriques de biens utilitaires sont généralement inférieurs à ceux quantifiés dans les alliages cupriques usités pour la
fabrication de biens de statut de la Période 2 pourrait s'expliquer par le fait qu'il s'agit de deux méthodes de
fabrication distinctes ayant des contraintes techniques différentes ou que ces artéfacts ont des paramètres et des
fonctions distinctes. Les limites de l'association soleil-or, lune-argent y sont également exposées et un chapitre est
consacré à la sonorité.
SINE, Keri Lynn, 2013 (Trent). Finding answers in chaos: a lithic and post-depositional
analysis of the Clark's Bay site, Ontario.
The objective of this thesis is to assess the degree of post-depositional disturbance and to document and analyze the
lithic assemblage of 3,595 artifacts from the Clark's Bay site (BdGn-8) near Burleigh Falls, Ontario. This research
will contribute to the limited knowledge of stratigraphically compromised sites within the middle Trent Valley of
southeastern Ontario. Post-depositional disturbance is assessed using size distribution data and re-fits to see if
artifacts experienced sorting by weight and/or surface area. The results suggest that artifacts were sorted by surface
area. From a technological perspective debitage is analyzed using a stage typology and the Sullivan and Rozen
method. Raw material usage and comparison to established typologies from the Great Lakes area indicate that the
assemblage dates to the late Middle Archaic (6,000-4,500 B.P.) through the Late Archaic/Transitional Woodland
(4,500- 2,800 B.P.) periods. Formal shaped tools were predominately made from non-local tool stone, other tools
from more local tool stone. Tool kits of all time periods were also replenished using local tool stone varieties. The
stage typological analysis gave more concrete results than the Sullivan and Rozen method and is therefore
recommended for future research involving large assemblages with a wide variety of tool stone types.
SZEFER, Henry, 2012 (U de Montréal). The Technology of Copper Alloys, Particularly Leaded
Bronze, in Greece, its Colonies, and in Etruria during the Iron Age.
The subject of this study is the development, application and diffusion of the technology of various types of copper
alloys, particularly that of leaded bronze, in ancient Greece, its colonies, and in Etruria. Leaded bronze is a mixture
of tin, copper and lead in various proportions. The general consensus among archaeometallurgists is that leaded
bronze was not commonly used in Greece until the Hellenistic period, and thus this alloy has not received very much
attention in archaeological literature. However, metallographic analyses demonstrate that objects composed of
leaded bronze had a wide distribution. The analyses also show differentiation in the composition of alloys that were
used in the manufacture of various types of bronzes, a tangible indication that metalworkers distinguished between
the properties of both tin bronze and leaded bronze. The knowledge of their different working characteristics is what
enabled a bronzeworker to choose, in many cases, the appropriate alloy for a specific application. The influence of
Near Eastern metallurgical practices produced variations in both the artistic forms as well as alloy compositions of
Greek bronzes during the Late Geometric and Orientalizing periods. The use of leaded bronze for particular types of
cast objects shows an increasing tendency from the Orientalizing period onwards, culminating in the late Hellenistic
period when high-lead bronze became a common alloy. This study analyzes the metallographic data of specific
categories of bronze and leaded bronze cast objects, and it will demonstrate that although the use of leaded bronze
was not as prevalent as that of tin bronze, it was nevertheless a significant adjunct of ancient metallurgical practices.
The periods surveyed range from the Geometric to the Hellenistic periods.
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
TORRIE, Alison Pauline, 2013 (UBC). The Curtin site: the historical archaeology of a rural
farmstead in Ops Township, Ontario.
This thesis is an analysis of the economic context of the occupation of the Curtin site (BbGq-22), a rural farmstead
in Ops Township, in the former Victoria County, Ontario. In addition to subsistence farming, the occupants of
this rural site were engaging in non-agricultural cottage industries and exploiting the resources of the natural
environment they inhabited. The Curtin site is an example of a rural farmstead that was increasingly oriented
towards a regional economy throughout the nineteenth and twentieth century. Current literature on the subject of
farmstead archaeology emphasizes the importance of constructing regional models of agricultural production and
material culture. This thesis aims to contribute to the development of such models in order to facilitate the
interpretation of historical archaeological sites in southern Ontario, and specifically in the former Victoria County.
To accurately assess the significance of a historical farmstead site in rural Ontario, it must be considered within the
context of the socioeconomic systems and physical environments that have influenced its occupational history. As
such, this thesis includes a comprehensive review of archival, historical, and geographical information that provides
context for the interpretation of the sample artifact assemblage yielded by the archaeological excavation of the
Curtin site. I infer that, in addition to being a self-contained unit of production and consumption, the occupants of
the Curtin site participated in non-agricultural industrial activities including blacksmithing, pottery and brickmaking, which engaged them with a regional economy.
TUDOR, Corina, 2013 (MUN). Geophysical Investigations at the Dorset Palaeoeskimo Site at
Phillip’s Garden, Port au Choix, Northwestern Newfoundland.
Abstract not available.
VIGEANT, Jacinthe, 2012 (U de Montréal). Immigration et alimentation à Montréal aux XVIIe
et XVIIIe siècles: essai d'interprétation à partir d'analyses isotopiques sur des populations
Afin d'étudier l'influence de la migration sur l'alimentation à Montréal aux XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles, 64 individus de
la collection du cimetière Notre-Dame, daté de 1691 à 1796, ont fait l'objet d'analyses ostéologiques et isotopiques.
Les analyses isotopiques ont portées sur le carbone (d13C) et l'azote (d15N) du collagène des os, ainsi que sur le
d13C et l'oxygène (d18O) du carbonate de l'apatite des os et des dents (prémolaires et troisièmes molaires). Le d18O
des dents a permis de définir approximativement trois régions d'origine (région de Montréal, région enrichie en 18O
(i.e. Acadie, Louisiane, Nouvelle-Angleterre, France, Antilles et Afrique) et région appauvrie en 18O (intérieur des
terres et plus au nord) pour 58 individus, et sept possibles parcours migratoire (N=27). Plus de la moitié de
l'échantillon est composé d'individus possiblement natifs de Montréal (55 %). De plus, les résultats indiquent que les
gens étaient peu mobiles avant l'âge de 16 ans. Toutefois, 12 individus ont entrepris des déplacements entre 7 et 16
ans, majoritairement d'un environnement enrichi vers Montréal (N=5) ou de Montréal vers une région appauvrie
(N=5). L'âge de recrutement des mousses sur les navires, la traite de la fourrure, la coupe du bois et possiblement
aussi l'esclavage pourraient expliquer cette "jeune" migration. Sur le plan alimentaire, les végétaux de type C3, la
viande nourrie aux ressources C3 et le poisson faisaient partie du menu montréalais. Les plantes C4 (majoritairement
maïs mais aussi sucre de canne [rhum]) étaient consommées en quantité variable. La question de l'influence de la
migration sur l'alimentation n'a pu être explorée en profondeur en raison de contraintes liées à la contamination du
d18O du carbonate des os. La combinaison des données ostéologiques et isotopiques à la distribution spatiale des
sépultures, a permis d'étudier un aspect de l'archéologie funéraire à l'échelle individuelle (identité possible), sans
toutefois fournir de résultats probants, à l'échelle du cimetière et de son organisation globale.
VENET-ROGER, Claire, 2013 (UWO). A Study of Faunal Consumption at the Gallinazo
Group Site, Northern Coast of Peru.
Abstract not available.
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
WILSON, Bryan, 2012 (UWO). Ecotourism and Conservation in Northwest Madagascar.
Abstract not available.
WOLFE, Kara, 2013 (MUN). Culture Contact in Southern Labrador and Newfoundland’s Great
Northern Peninsula: an ethnohistorical and archaeological approach.
Abstract not available.
WOODS, Audrey, 2012 (U de Montréal). Le village iroquoien de Mailhot-Curran, Saint-Anicet.
Ce mémoire porte sur l'étude d'un petit groupe d'Iroquoiens du Saint-Laurent qui habitait la région de Saint-Anicet
au cours du Sylvicole supérieur tardif. Nous traitons de l'occupation villageoise de Mailhot-Curran (BgFn-2) et,
plus particulièrement, d'une analyse morpho-stylistique de la poterie. En considérant la variabilité culturelle qui
caractérise les Iroquoiens du Saint-Laurent, nous replaçons cette communauté à l'intérieur du grand réseau
d'interactions auquel participe ce groupe culturel. Notre objectif général est de déterminer l'apparentement
stylistique des potières de Mailhot-Curran selon quatre grandes échelles d'interactions sociales, soit locale,
regionale, interrégionale et internationale, et de situer le site à l'étude dans le temps. Cette étude permet de proposer
que Mailhot-Curran date du XVIe siècle, mais contrairement à l'effervescence ressentie au site Mandeville au cours
du même siècle, les potières seraient demeurées assez conservatrices dans la réalisation de leur poterie. De plus, les
potières de Mailhot-Curran semblent posséder une identité villageoise relativement forte. Nous avons aussi observé
qu'un style régional caractérise les sites de Saint-Anicet. En considérant l'aspect diachronique des sites MailhotCurran, Droulers et McDonald, nos résultats supportent l'idée qu'ils forment un ensemble culturel cohérent qui
pourrait indiquer une occupation continue de la région par un même groupe. En outre, notre étude démontre que le
site Mailhot-Curran appartient à la province occidentale qui inclut les régions de Prescott et de Summerstown en
Ontario, les régions de Montréal et de Saint-Anicet au Québec, ainsi que le nord du lac Champlain au sud-est. Par
contre, Mailhot-Curran semble se situer plus en périphérie du réseau d'interactions auquel participent les
regroupements de Prescott et de Summerstown au nord du lac Saint-François et il parait s'ouvrir sur d'autres régions
comme Montréal et le nord du lac Champlain. Par ailleurs, les potières sont ouvertes à certaines influences
provenant de la province centrale, leur région voisine à l'est.
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Call for Submissions to the CAA Newsletter
The Newsletter is intended to be a venue for discussing a wide range of topics relevant to the
interests of CAA members and will appear in an online downloadable format twice per year. As
in the past, the Spring publication will function primarily as a forum for researchers working in
Canada or affiliated with Canadian institutions to present summaries and preliminary findings of
their activities. The Fall Newsletter is expected to contain a diverse range of topics of interest to
all CAA members.
The Newsletter is currently soliciting contributions from individuals and groups whose interests
include Canadian archaeology, as well as those who are based in Canada and involved in
international projects. Academic or avocational, professional or student, the CAA Newsletter is
where archaeologists can tell their colleagues about their work!
What’s in the Newsletter?
The Spring edition of the Newsletter features preliminary reports on fieldwork done in all areas
of Canada by avocational societies, federal/provincial/territorial organizations, museums, CRM
companies, and university or college-based groups. The Newsletter encourages submitters to
include full colour images to accompany their text (500-1000 words); submitters may also link
their Newsletter contribution to a field or lab video previously uploaded to the CAA’s YouTube
channel (email the channel’s manager at [email protected] for details).
The submission deadline for the Spring CAA Newsletter is March 15, 2014 to the appropriate
regional editor; information on how to submit can be obtained by contacting the managing
Newsletter editor at [email protected]
The Fall Newsletter is a more diverse publication whose contents will vary according to the
interests and needs of CAA member submitters and readers. Submissions should be sent directly
to the managing editor at [email protected] no later than September 15, 2014. A variety
of submissions will be considered and are not limited to those suggested below.
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
CAA Organizational Activities
Check out this component of the Newsletter for news about your Association. This is one of the
means through which the CAA communicates directly with its members, providing updates on
topics including membership, elections, upcoming CAA conferences, policy changes,
information about how to nominate people for awards, and how to get more involved.
News and Notes
Contributors can share news and announcements about the awards and honours they’ve received,
grants and fellowships available in their area or institution, upcoming meetings, new digital
resources, data sharing networks, and countless other useful tools. Tributes and obituaries for
colleagues are also welcome.
Archaeology In-Depth
The Newsletter will also showcase more in-depth reports on research that may not be ready for
more formal publication; this includes ongoing lab-based work, experimental archaeology
projects, as well as reviews of new techniques and technologies for archaeological conservation
and analysis. Commentaries on a variety of issues and policies relevant to archaeology as
conducted in Canada and abroad are also encouraged.
Archaeology In-Depth is also a great place to publish more detailed treatments of conference
papers and posters, highlights and histories of longer-term research programmes, as well as
various mitigation activities. For those interested in hands-on, life-in-the-trenches, archaeology,
the Newsletter welcomes assessments of useful (or not so useful) products, especially field gear,
lab equipment, and software.
Spotlight On …
The Newsletter’s Spotlight On … section allows members to focus on specific research problems
and questions that they may be grappling with. If there is a puzzling artefact from a newly
excavated site (or one newly discovered in an old collection) whose origin or significance
presents more questions than answers, share the mystery with fellow CAA colleagues. The
diverse backgrounds and experiences of fellow CAA members may mean a long-sought solution
is within reach.
In a similar research vein, the Fall edition of the Newsletter is an ideal way to feature new or
renovated archaeological facilities, exhibits, online resources, and community outreach activities.
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Student Corner
The Newsletter makes it easy for students to get involved in their association! Fieldwork and
grant opportunities for Canadian researchers and those working in Canada are listed here, as well
as information on upcoming field schools and new facilities in anthropology and archaeology
departments across Canada. New graduate programmes and new faculty may also post details of
their research and supervisory interests here in an accessible format.
Newly Completed Theses and Dissertations
Have you, or someone you know, recently completed a Masters or Ph.D. in archaeology? If so,
use the Newsletter to tell fellow CAA members all about it. Simply submit a title and brief (<300
word) abstract highlighting major findings to the managing editor at [email protected]
for inclusion in the Fall edition of the Newsletter. If the thesis/dissertation is available online, be
sure to provide an electronic link and soon everyone in the CAA will know about this new
Books Available for Review
Book reviews are published in the Canadian Journal of Archaeology, and a list of available
books can also be found at
Now Available !
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
CAA Newsletter Regional Editors
Ruth Gotthardt (Government of Yukon) [email protected]
Northwest Territories
Tom Andrews (Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre) [email protected]
Vacant – contact [email protected] if interested
British Columbia
Terence Clark (Canadian Museum of Civilization) [email protected]
Trevor Orchard (University of Toronto) [email protected]
Alywnne Beaudoin (Royal Alberta Museum) [email protected]
Terry Gibson (Western Heritage) [email protected]
Ed Fread (Bison Historical Services, Ltd.) [email protected]
Wai Kok (Ontario Ministry of Tourism) [email protected]
Adam Pollock (Past Recovery Archaeological Services) [email protected]
Terry Gibson (north-west Ontario) [email protected]
Adrian Burke (Université de Montréal) [email protected]
New Brunswick
Brent Suttie (Government of New Brunswick) [email protected]
Michael Nicholas (Government of New Brunswick) [email protected]
Nova Scotia
Laura de Boer (Davis MacIntyre and Associates Ltd.) [email protected]
Prince Edward Island
Helen Kristmanson (Government of Prince Edward Island) [email protected]
Newfoundland and Labrador
Patricia Wells (Memorial University of Newfoundland) [email protected]
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Appel à contributions pour le Bulletin de l’ACA
Le Bulletin est conçu pour être un lieu de discussion pour une grande variété de sujets
concernant les intérêts des membres de l’ACA et il paraîtra deux fois par an dans un format
téléchargeable en ligne. Comme par le passé, la parution du printemps aura pour rôle principal de
servir de forum aux chercheurs travaillant au Canada ou affiliés à des institutions canadiennes,
pour présenter leurs résumés et les découvertes préliminaires de leurs activités. Le bulletin de
l’automne contiendra divers sujets intéressant tous les membres de l’ACA.
Le Bulletin sollicite actuellement des contributions de la part des individus ou des groupes
concernés par l’archéologie canadienne, ainsi que de la part de ceux qui sont basés au Canada et
impliqués dans des projets internationaux. Universitaires ou personnes sans affiliation,
professionnels ou étudiants, le Bulletin de l’ACA est le lieu où les archéologues peuvent parler
de leur travail à leurs collègues !
Qu’y a-t-il dans le Bulletin?
L’édition de printemps du Bulletin présente des rapports préliminaires de travaux de terrain
réalisés dans tous les domaines au Canada, par des sociétés d’amateurs, des organisations
fédérales, provinciales ou territoriales, des musées, des compagnies de gestion des ressources
culturelles et des groupes basés dans des universités ou des collèges. Le Bulletin encourage ceux
et celles qui lui adressent des propositions à y inclure des images couleur pour accompagner leur
texte (de 500 à 1000 mots) ; ils/elles ont également la possibilité de lier leur contribution au
Bulletin à une vidéo de terrain ou de laboratoire préalablement téléchargée sur la chaîne
YouTube de l’ACA (veuillez adresser un courriel à la personne ressource à
[email protected] pour plus de détails).
La date limite d’envoi des propositions pour l’édition de printemps du Bulletin est le 15 mars
2014, au rédacteur en chef régional concerné; vous pourrez obtenir l’information sur le processus
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
à suivre pour soumettre une proposition en contactant le rédacteur en chef du Bulletin à
[email protected]
Le numéro d’automne du Bulletin est une publication plus diversifiée dont le contenu variera en
fonction des intérêts et des besoins des membres de l’ACA, lecteurs comme auteurs. Les
propositions devraient être adressées directement au rédacteur en chef à
[email protected], avant le 15 septembre 2014. Nous considérerons une grande variété
de propositions, celles-ci ne se limitant pas à ce qui est suggéré ci-dessous.
Activités organisationnelles de l’ACA
Cette section du Bulletin est à consulter pour connaître les dernières nouvelles de notre
Association. C’est l’un des moyens par lesquels l’ACA communique directement avec ses
membres, en leur fournissant les plus récentes informations au sujet des souscriptions, des
élections, des conférences de l’ACA en projet, des changements de politiques, ainsi que la
manière dont proposer des candidats aux différents prix et comment s’impliquer davantage.
Informations et avis
Les contributeurs ont la possibilité de partager les nouvelles et les annonces au sujet des
récompenses et des honneurs qu’ils ont reçus, des bourses et des subventions offertes dans leur
domaine ou leur institution, les réunions à venir, les nouvelles ressources en ligne, les réseaux de
partage des données et d’innombrables autres outils très utiles. Les hommages et les notices
nécrologiques pour les collègues seront également bienvenus.
Archéologie en profondeur
Le Bulletin publiera également des rapports plus approfondis sur la recherche, qui pourraient ne
pas être encore prêts pour une publication plus formelle ; cela inclura des travaux de laboratoire
en cours, des projets d’archéologie expérimentale, de même que des commentaires sur les
nouvelles techniques et technologies de conservation et d’analyse archéologique. Nous
accueillerons aussi volontiers des commentaires sur divers sujets et questions concernant
l’archéologie telle qu’on la pratique au Canada et à l’étranger.
Cette section représente également un lieu privilégié pour publier de manière plus détaillée des
présentations par affiches ou des communications prononcées lors de conférences, pour faire
l’historique de programmes de recherche à long terme, ainsi que pour l’intervention de divers
modérateurs. Pour ceux qui s’intéressent aux aspects concrets, à la vie dans les tranchées de
l’archéologie, le Bulletin publiera des évaluations de produits (utiles ou inutiles), en particulier
en ce qui concerne le matériel de terrain, l’équipement de laboratoire et le matériel informatique.
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Coup de projecteur sur…
La section « Coup de projecteur… » du Bulletin permet aux membres d’aborder des problèmes
et des questions de recherche spécifiques avec lesquels ils éprouvent des difficultés. Si des
fouilles sur un site mettent au jour un artefact déroutant (ou si l’on en découvre un dans une
collection ancienne), dont l’origine ou la signification suscitent plus de questions que de
réponses, partagez ce mystère avec des collègues de l’ACA. Les formations et les expériences
diverses des membres de notre association pourront faire en sorte de résoudre une question qui
pouvait paraître insoluble.
Dans une veine similaire pour ce qui est de la recherche, le numéro d’automne du Bulletin
représente un moyen idéal de présenter des locaux, nouveaux ou rénovés, des expositions, des
ressources en ligne et des activités communautaires de grande portée.
Le coin des étudiants
Le Bulletin permet aux étudiants de s’impliquer plus facilement dans leur association ! Nous y
présentons la liste des travaux de terrain et des opportunités de bourses pour les chercheurs
canadiens et ceux qui travaillent au Canada, ainsi que des informations sur les chantiers-écoles à
venir et les nouveaux locaux et départements en anthropologie et en archéologie au Canada. Les
directeurs de nouveaux programmes de deuxième et troisième cycle et de nouvelles facultés
pourront également y diffuser des informations sur leurs orientations et intérêts de recherche
dans un format accessible.
Nouvelles thèses et nouveaux mémoires
Avez-vous, ou quelqu’un que vous connaissez, récemment terminé une maîtrise ou un doctorat
en archéologie ? Si oui, servez-vous du Bulletin pour en informer les autres membres de l’ACA.
Adressez simplement un titre et un court résumé (moins de 300 mots) pour en décrire les
principales découvertes au rédacteur en chef, à [email protected], pour qu’il puisse
figurer dans la parution de l’automne. Si la thèse ou le mémoire est disponible en ligne, assurezvous de fournir un lien électronique et tout le monde à l’ACA connaîtra bientôt cette nouvelle
recherche !
Liste de livres pour comptes rendus
Les recensions sont publiées dans le Journal canadien d’archéologie et la liste des livres
disponibles pour compte rendu peut également être consultée à
Canadian Archaeological Association Newsletter Association canadienne d’archéologie 31(2)
Rédacteurs régionaux du Bulletin de l’ACA
Ruth Gotthardt (Government of Yukon) [email protected]
Northwest Territories
Tom Andrews (Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre) [email protected]
Vacant – contact [email protected] if interested
British Columbia
Terence Clark (Canadian Museum of Civilization) [email protected]
Trevor Orchard (University of Toronto) [email protected]
Alywnne Beaudoin (Royal Alberta Museum) [email protected]
Terry Gibson (Western Heritage) [email protected]
Ed Fread (Bison Historical Services, Ltd.) [email protected]
Wai Kok (Ontario Ministry of Tourism) [email protected]
Adam Pollock (Past Recovery Archaeological Services) [email protected]
Terry Gibson (north-west Ontario) [email protected]
Adrian Burke (Université de Montréal) [email protected]
New Brunswick
Brent Suttie (Government of New Brunswick) [email protected]
Michael Nicholas (Government of New Brunswick) [email protected]
Nova Scotia
Laura de Boer (Davis MacIntyre and Associates Ltd.) [email protected]
Prince Edward Island
Helen Kristmanson (Government of Prince Edward Island) [email protected]
Newfoundland and Labrador
Patricia Wells (Memorial University of Newfoundland) [email protected]
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