Edimax EW-7303HPn V2 Specifications

Edimax EW-7303HPn V2 Specifications
Table of Contents
1.Terminology ....................................................................................................... 4
2.Introduction ....................................................................................................... 6
2.1 package content ........................................................................................ 6
2.2 product features ........................................................................................ 6
2.3 front panel description ............................................................................. 7
2.4 rear panel description ............................................................................... 8
3. Installation ........................................................................................................ 8
3.1 Hardware Installation ............................................................................... 9
3.1.1 Appearance and Interface Introduction ......................................... 9
3.1.2 Hardware installation steps ......................................................... 11
3.2 Software Installation .............................................................................. 11
4. Software configuration .................................................................................. 12
4.1 Prepare your PC to configure the WLAN Broadband Router ............... 14
4.2 Connect to the WLAN Broadband Router ............................................. 15
4.3 Management and configuration on the Outdoor Router ........................ 17
4.3.1 Wizard ......................................................................................... 17
4.3.2 Operation Mode .......................................................................... 24
4.3.3 Internet Settings .......................................................................... 26
4.3.3.1 LAN ................................................................................. 28
4.3.3.2 VPN Passthrough ............................................................. 30
4.3.4 Wireless Settings ......................................................................... 30
4.3.4.1 Basic ................................................................................. 31
4.3.4.2 Advanced.......................................................................... 33
4.3.4.3 Security ............................................................................ 33
4.3.4.4 WPS ................................................................................. 41
4.3.5Administration ............................................................................. 42
4.3.5.1 Management ..................................................................... 42
4.3.5.2 Upload Firmware ............................................................. 44
4.3.5.3 Settings Management ....................................................... 45
4.3.5.4 Status ................................................................................ 47
4.3.5.5 System Log ...................................................................... 47
4.4 Configuration Examples ........................................................................ 49
4.4.1 Example one – PPPoE on the WAN ........................................... 49
4.4.2 Example two – fixed IP on the WAN .......................................... 51
4.4.3 Example three –set WLAN to be WAN as WiFi Client .............. 54
5. FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS (FAQ)............................................ 58
5.1 What and how to find my PC’s IP and MAC address? .......................... 63
5.2 What is Wireless LAN? ......................................................................... 63
5.3 What are ISM bands? ............................................................................. 63
5.4 How does wireless networking work? ................................................... 64
5.5 What is BSSID? ..................................................................................... 64
5.6 What is ESSID? ..................................................................................... 65
5.7 What are potential factors that may causes interference? ...................... 65
5.8 What are the Open System and Shared Key authentications? ............... 65
5.9 What is WEP? ........................................................................................ 66
5.10 What is Fragment Threshold? .............................................................. 66
5.11 What is RTS (Request to Send) Threshold? ......................................... 67
5.12 What is Beacon Interval? ..................................................................... 67
5.13 What is Preamble Type?....................................................................... 67
5.14 What is SSID Broadcast? ..................................................................... 68
5.15 What is Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA)? ............................................. 68
5.16 What is WPA2? .................................................................................... 68
5.17 What is 802.1x Authentication? ........................................................... 68
5.18 What is Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP)? .............................. 69
5.19 What is Advanced Encryption Standard (AES)? ................................. 69
5.20 What is Inter-Access Point Protocol (IAPP)? ...................................... 69
5.21 What is Wireless Distribution System (WDS)? ................................... 69
5.22 What is Universal Plug and Play (uPNP)? ........................................... 69
5.23 What is Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) Size? ........................... 70
5.24 What is Clone MAC Address? ............................................................. 70
5.25 What is DDNS? .................................................................................... 70
5.26 What is NTP Client? ............................................................................ 70
5.27 What is VPN?....................................................................................... 70
5.28 What is IPSEC? .................................................................................... 70
5.29 What is WLAN Block Relay between Clients? ................................... 71
5.30 What is WMM? .................................................................................... 71
5.31 What is WLAN ACK TIMEOUT? ...................................................... 71
5.32 What is Modulation Coding Scheme (MCS)? ..................................... 71
5.33 What is Frame Aggregation? ............................................................... 71
5.34 What is Guard Intervals (GI)? .............................................................. 71
1.Terminology
3DES
Triple Data Encryption Standard
AES
Advanced Encryption Standard
ANSI
American National Standards Institute
AP
Access Point
CCK
Complementary Code Keying
CSMA/CA
Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Avoidance
CSMA/CD
Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Detection
DDNS
Dynamic Domain Name Server
DH
Diffie-Hellman Algorithm
DHCP
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DSSS
Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum
EAP
Extensible Authentication Protocol
ESP
Encapsulating Security Payload
FCC
Federal Communications Commission
FTP
File Transfer Protocol
IEEE
Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
IKE
Internet Key Exchange
IP
Internet Protocol
ISM
Industrial, Scientific and Medical
LAN
Local Area Network
MAC
Media Access Control
MD5
Message Digest 5
NAT
Network Address Translation
NT
Network Termination
NTP
Network Time Protocol
PPTP
Point to Point Tunneling Protocol
PSD
Power Spectral Density
RF
Radio Frequency
SHA1
Secure Hash Algorithm
SNR
Signal to Noise Ratio
SSID
Service Set Identification
TCP
Transmission Control Protocol
TFTP
Trivial File Transfer Protocol
Temporal Key Integrity Protocol
TKIP
UPNP
Universal Plug and Play
VPN
Virtual Private Network
WDS
Wireless Distribution System
WEP
Wired Equivalent Privacy
WLAN
Wireless Local Area Network
WPA
Wi-Fi Protected Access
2.Introduction
The Outdoor Router is an affordable IEEE 802.11b/g /n specifications of Outdoor Router
solution; setting SOHO and enterprise standard for high performance, secure, manageable
and reliable WLAN+. This document describes the steps required for the initial IP address
assign and other configuration of the outdoor router. The description includes the
implementation of the above steps.
2.1 package content
The package of the WLAN Broadband Router includes the following items,
 Outdoor Router
 DC 12V Power Adapter
 Documentation CD
 POE Injector
 Tie
2.2 product features
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Compatible with IEEE 802.11n Specifications provides wireless speed up to
150Mbps data rate.
Compatible with IEEE 802.11g standard to provide wireless speeds of 54Mbps data
rate.
Compatible with IEEE 802.11b standard to provide wireless speeds of 11Mbps data
rate.
Maximizes the performance and ideal for media-centric applications like streaming
video, gaming and Voice over IP technology.
Support various operation (Bridge/Gateway/Ethernet Converter) modes between
wireless and wired Ethernet interfaces.
Supports WPS, 64-bit and 128-bit WEP, WPA, WPA2 encryption to protect the
wireless data transmission.
Support TKIP/AES/TKIPAES of WPA algorithms.
Support IEEE 802.3x full duplex flow control on 10/100M Ethernet interface.
Support DHCP server to provide clients auto IP addresses assignment.
Support DHCP client, static IP, PPPoE, L2TP and PPTP of WAN Interface.
Supports firewall security with port filtering, IP filtering, MAC filtering, port
forwarding, DMZ hosting and URL filtering functions.
Support WEB based management and configuration.
Support System Log.
Support Dynamic DNS
Support NTP
*Maximum performance, actual data rates and coverage may vary depending on network
conditions and environmental factors. Stated ranges are based on independent test results
and are not guaranteed. Long range coverage requires an additional high power access
point to receive the wireless signal from the EW-7303HPn V2 – coverage range from an
EW-7303HPn directly to a computer/wireless device is significantly less.
2.3 front panel description
LED Indicator
State
Description
ON
The WLAN Broadband Router is powered ON.
Off
The WLAN Broadband Router is powered Off.
ON
Wireless Radio ON.
Off
Wireless Radio Off.
1. PWR LED
2. WLAN LED
Flashing
3. WAN LED ACT
ON
Port linked.
Off
No link.
Flashing
4. LAN LED ACT
Data is transmitting or receiving on the wireless.
Data is transmitting or receiving on the WAN interface.
ON
Port linked.
Off
No link.
Flashing
Data is transmitting or receiving on the LAN interface.
2.4 rear panel description
Interfaces
Description
For external antenna. You can use the SMA connector to connect with
SMA connector
2.4GHz external antenna.
The RJ-45 sockets allow LAN connection through Category 5 cables.
Secondary(Middle)
Support auto-sensing on 10/100M speed and half/ full duplex; comply
with IEEE 802.3/ 802.3u respectively.
The RJ-45 socket allows WAN connection through a Category 5 cable.
Main(Right)
Support auto-sensing on 10/100M speed and half/ full duplex; comply
with IEEE 802.3/ 802.3u respectively.
3. Installation
3.1 Hardware Installation
3.1.1 Appearance and Interface Introduction
Notes: The product shot is for reference only please refer to physical product.
1.LED Panel
2. Waterproof Sliding Door
3. Pass trough Ethernet cable from this cable
4. Push this button to remove upper housing
5. Wall Mount
6. Pole Mount
7. Secondary port with POE
8. Main port
9. SMA connector for external antenna
3.1.2 Hardware installation steps
Step2: Pass through Ethernet cable from the hole, insert the cable to Secondary port.
Note: RJ-45 8P8C Ethernet cable is required.
Step3: Install the upper housing and make sure the housing is well installed.
3.2 Software Installation
Step4:
Install POE Injector
DC: Insert adapter
POE: This hole is linked to Secondary port of the Outdoor Router with RJ-45.
LAN: This hole is linked to LAN side PC/Hub or Router/ADSL modem device with RJ-45
Step5: Complete the hardware installation as diagram at below
Notes: Use Reset button on POE injector. Push continually the reset button of POE injector about 5 ~
10 seconds to reset the configuration parameters to factory defaults.
There is no software driver or utility installation needed, but only the configuration
setting. Please refer to chapter 4 for software configuration.
Notice: It will take about 50 seconds to complete the boot up sequence after powered on the Outdoor
Router; Power LED will be active, and after that the WLAN Activity LED will be flashing to show the
WLAN interface is enabled and working now.
4. Software configuration
There are web based management and configuration functions allowing you to have the jobs done
easily.
The Outdoor Router is delivered with the following factory default parameters on the Ethernet LAN
interfaces.
Default IP Address: 192.168.2.1
Default IP subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
WEB login User Name: admin
WEB login Password: 1234
Telnet login User Name: admin
Telnet login Password: 1234
4.1 Prepare your PC to configure the WLAN Broadband Router
For OS of Microsoft Windows 2000/ XP:
1. Click the Start button and select Settings, then click Control Panel. The Control Panel window will
appear.
2. Move mouse and double-click the right button on Network and Dial-up Connections icon. Move
mouse and double-click the Local Area Connection icon. The Local Area Connection window will
appear. Click Properties button in the Local Area Connection window.
3. Check the installed list of Network Components. If TCP/IP is not installed, click the Add button to
install it; otherwise go to step 6.
4. Select Protocol in the Network Component Type dialog box and click Add button.
5. Select TCP/IP in Microsoft of Select Network Protocol dialog box then click OK button to install the
TCP/IP protocol, it may need the Microsoft Windows CD to complete the installation. Close and go
back to Network dialog box after the TCP/IP installation.
6. Select TCP/IP and click the properties button on the Network dialog box.
7. Select Specify an IP address and type in values as following example.
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IP Address: 192.168.2.1, any IP address within 192.168.2.2 to 192.168.2.254 is good to connect
the Wireless LAN Access Point. Don’t use 192.168.2.1

IP Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
8. Click OK to complete the IP parameters setting.
For OS of Microsoft Windows Vista / 7:
1. Click the Start button and select Settings, then click Control Panel. The Control Panel window will
appear.
2. Move mouse and double-click the right button on Network Connections item. The Network
Connections window will appear. Double click Local Area Connection icon, then User Account
Control window shown. Right click Continue button to set properties.
3. In Local Area Connection Properties window, Choose Networking tab, move mouse and click
Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4), then click Properties button.
4. Move mouse and click General tab, Select Specify an IP address and type in values as following
example.
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IP Address: 192.168.2.1,, any IP address within 192.168.2.1 to 192.168.2.254is good to connect
the Wireless LAN Access Point. Don’t use 192.168.2.1

IP Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
5. Click OK to complete the IP parameters setting.
For OS of Microsoft Windows NT:
1. Click the Start button and select Settings, then click Control Panel. The Control Panel window will
appear.
2. Move mouse and double-click the right button on Network icon. The Network window will appear.
Click Protocol tab from the Network window.
3. Check the installed list of Network Protocol window. If TCP/IP is not installed, click the Add button
to install it; otherwise go to step 6.
4. Select Protocol in the Network Component Type dialog box and click Add button.
5. Select TCP/IP in Microsoft of Select Network Protocol dialog box then click OK button to install the
TCP/IP protocol, it may need the Microsoft Windows CD to complete the installation. Close and go
back to Network dialog box after the TCP/IP installation.
6. Select TCP/IP and click the properties button on the Network dialog box.
7. Select Specify an IP address and type in values as following example.

IP Address: 192.168.2.1, any IP address within 192.168.2.1 to 192.168.2.254 is good to connect
the Wireless LAN Access Point. Don’t use 192.168.2.1

IP Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
8. Click OK to complete the IP parameters setting.
4.2 Connect to the WLAN Broadband Router
Open a WEB browser, i.e. Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.1 SP1 or above, then enter 192.168.2.1 on
the URL to connect the WLAN Broadband Router.
4.3 Management and configuration on the Outdoor Router
4.3.1 Wizard
This Wizard page guides you to configure Internet connection and Wireless Settings
quickly.
Step 1: configure Internet connection
Click Next button to next step for Internet connection settings. There are five options
(DHCP, Static Mode, PPPOE, L2TP, PPTP) for Internet connection on WAN
port.
a. DHCP (Auto Configure)
If you select DHCP option, please click Next button to jump at Step2.
b. Static Mode (fixed IP)
If you select Static Mode (fixed IP), please fill in these fields on next page.
Item
Description
IP Address
Fill in the IP address for WAN interface.
Subnet Mask
Fill in the subnet mask for WAN interface.
Default Gateway
Fill in the default gateway for WAN interface out going data packets.
Primary DNS
Fill in the IP address of Domain Name Server 1.
Server
Secondary DNS
Fill in the IP address of Domain Name Server 2.
Server
When you finish these settings, then click Next button to jump at Step2.
c. PPPOE Connection
If you select PPPOE, please fill in these fields on next page.
Item
Description
User Name
If you select the PPPoE support on WAN interface, fill in the user name and
password to login the PPPoE server.
Password
If you select the PPPoE support on WAN interface, fill in the user name and
password to login the PPPoE server.
Verify Password
Fill in the password again for verification.
Operation Mode
Keep Alive: Keep the PPPoE connection all the time. Please also configure the
Redial Period field. On Demand: Please configure the Idle Time field. When
time is up, the PPPoE connection will disconnect. The connection will
re-connect when any outgoing packet arise. Manual: Let user connect the
PPPoE connection manually.
When you finish these settings, then click Next button to jump at Step2.
d. L2TP
If you select L2TP, please fill in these fields on next page.
Item
Description
L2TP Server IP
Allow user to make a tunnel with remote site directly to secure the data
Address
transmission among the connection. User can use embedded L2TP client
supported by this router to make a VPN connection. If you select the L2TP
support on WAN interface, fill in the IP address for it.
User Name
Fill in the user name and password to login the L2TP server.
Password
Fill in the user name and password to login the L2TP server.
Address Mode
Static: To configure the IP address information by manually, please fill in the
related setting at below. Dynamic: The option allows the machine to get IP
address information automatically from DHCP server on WAN side.
IP Address
Fill in the IP address for WAN interface.
Subnet Mask
Fill in the subnet mask for WAN interface.
Default Gateway
Fill in the default gateway for WAN interface out going data packets.
Operation Mode
Keep Alive: Keep the L2TP connection all the time. Please also configure the
Redial Period field. Manual: Let user connect the L2TP connection manually.
When you finish these settings, then click Next button to jump at Step2.
e. PPTP
If you select PPTP, please fill in these fields on next page.
Item Description
Item
Description
PPTP Server IP
Allow user to make a tunnel with remote site directly to secure the data
Address
transmission among the connection. User can use embedded PPTP client
supported by this router to make a VPN connection. If you select the PPTP
support on WAN interface, fill in the IP address for it.
User Name
Fill in the user name and password to login the PPTP server.
Password
Fill in the user name and password to login the PPTP server.
Address Mode
Static: To configure the IP address information by manually, please fill in the
related setting at below. Dynamic: The option allows the machine to get IP
address information automatically from DHCP server on WAN side.
IP Address
Fill in the IP address for WAN interface.
Subnet Mask
Fill in the subnet mask for WAN interface.
Default Gateway
Fill in the default gateway for WAN interface out going data packets.
Operation Mode
Keep Alive: Keep the PPTP connection all the time. Please also configure the
Redial Period field. Manual: Let user connect the PPTP connection manually.
Step 2: configure Wireless Settings
There are three options (Disable, WEP, WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK) for Wireless
security connection.
OPEN WEP
SHAREDWEP
WPA-PSK
WPA2-PSK
Item
Description
Network Mode
Click to select wireless mode from pull down menu.
Frequency (Channel)
Select the wireless communication frequency/channel from pull-down menu.
Network Name (SSID)
It is the wireless network name. The SSID can be 32 bytes long.
Channel Bandwidth
Select the operating channel width 20 MHz or 20/40 MHz.
Security
Please select the security mode related wireless data encryption.
WEP: When you select WEP, please input 5, 13 (ASCII), 10 or 26 (HEX) characters
KEY
for WEP Key. WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK: When WPA/WPA2 Pre-shared key
encryption is selected, please fill in the Pre-shared key. The format can be passphrase
or Hex (64 characters).
When you finish these settings, then click Apply button to save.
4.3.2 Operation Mode
a. Bridge:
The Bridge mode allows that all Ethernet and wireless interfaces are bridged into
a single bridge interface.
b. Gateway:
The Gateway mode allows that the first Ethernet port is treated as WAN port and
the Ethernet port and the wireless interface are bridged together and are treated as
LAN ports.
c. Wireless ISP
The Wireless ISP mode allows that the wireless interface is treated as WAN port,
and the Ethernet ports are LAN ports.
.4.3.3 Internet Settings
4.3.3.1 LAN
Item
Description
Take NIC MAC address of PC on LAN side as the MAC address of WAN
MAC Clone
interface.
IP Address
Fill in the IP address for WAN interface.
Subnet Mask
Fill in the subnet mask for WAN interface.
DHCP Type
Disable: Disable DHCP server on LAN side. Server: Enable DHCP server on
LAN side.
Lease Time
Fill in the lease time of DHCP server function.
LLTD
Select enable or disable the Link Layer Topology Discover function from
pull-down menu.
LLTD
Select enable or disable the Link Layer Topology Discover function from
pull-down menu.
IGMP Proxy
Select enable or disable the IGMP proxy function from pull-down menu.
UPNP
Select enable or disable the UPnP protocol from pull-down menu.
DNS Proxy
Select enable or disable the DNS Proxy function from pull-down menu.
4.3.3.3 VPN Passthrough
Item
Description
L2TP Passthrough
Select enable or disable the L2TP pass-through function from pull-down menu.
IPSec Passthrough
Select enable or disable the IPSec pass-through function from pull-down menu.
PPTP Passthrough
Select enable or disable the PPTP pass-through function from pull-down menu.
4.3.4 Wireless Settings
4.3.4.1 Basic
Item
Wireless On/Off
Description
Click Wireless OFF button to turn off wireless RF radio. Click Wireless ON
button to turn on wireless RF radio.
Select Internal antenna or External antenna for using. The default is using
Antenna Switch
Internal antenna.
Wireless Mode
Click to select wireless mode from pull down menu.
Wireless Band
Click to select wireless band from pull down menu.
It is the wireless network name. The SSID can be 32 bytes long. User can use
SSID
the default SSID or change it.
Broadcast
Network Name
(SSID)
Enable or disable the SSID broadcast function.
Wireless network is similar to the virtual local area network. All of the Wireless
client devices can access each other completely. When you enable this function,
AP Isolation
it will turn off connection between wireless clients. Only allows connection
between wireless client and this AP router.
Enable this function will turn off connection between clients with different
MBSSID AP
MBSSID. Example: The client connected with BSSID 1. When enable this
Isolation
function, it will not connect with BSSID 2. Only can access between clients
with SSID 1.
BSSID
Show the MAC address of Wireless interface.
Frequency
Select the wireless communication frequency/channel from pull-down menu.
(Channel)
Operating Mode
Select “Mixed Mode” for 11b/g/n mode or “Green Field” for 11n mode.
Channel
Select the operating channel width 20 MHz or 20/40 MHz.
BandWidth
Select “Long” or “Auto”. Guard intervals are used to ensure that distinct
Guard Interval
transmissions do not interfere with one another. Only effect under Mixed
Mode.
Select 0~7 or “Auto” from pull down menu. The default is “Auto”. Only effect
MCS
under Mixed Mode.
4.3.4.2 Advanced
Item
Description
Beacon Interval
Beacons are the packets sending by Access point to synchronize the wireless
network. The beacon interval is the time interval between beacons sending by this
unit in AP or AP+WDS operation. The default and recommended beacon interval
is 100 milliseconds.
Data Beacon
This is the Delivery Traffic Indication Map. It is used to alert the clients that
Rate(DTM)
multicast and broadcast packets buffered at the AP will be transmitted
immediately after the transmission of this beacon frame. You can change the
value from 1 to 255. The AP will check the buffered data according to this value.
For example, selecting “1” means to check the buffered data at every beacon.
Fragment
The fragmentation threshold determines the size at which packets are fragmented
Threshold
(sent as several pieces instead of as one block). Use a low setting in areas where
communication is poor or where there is a great deal of radio interference. This
function will help you to improve the network performance.
RTS Threshold
The RTS threshold determines the packet size at which the radio issues a request
to send (RTS) before sending the packet. A low RTS Threshold setting can be
useful in areas where many client devices are associating with the device, or in
areas where the clients are far apart and can detect only the device and not each
other. You can enter a setting ranging from 0 to 2347 bytes.
TX Power
The default TX power is 100%. In case of shortening the distance and the
coverage of the wireless network, input a smaller value to reduce the radio
transmission power. For example, input 80 to apply 80% Tx power.
Short Preamble
Default: Disable. It is a performance parameter for 802.11 b/g mode and not
supported by some of very early stage of 802.11b station cards. If there is no such
kind of stations associated to this AP, you can enable this function.
Short Slot
It is used to shorten the communication time between this AP and station.
TX Burst
The device will try to send a serial of packages with single ACK reply from the
clients. Enable this function to apply it.
Country Code
Select the country code for wireless from pull down menu.
3.4.3.4.3 Security
a. Disable
f you set Security Mode to “Disable”, the wireless data transmission will not
include encryption to prevent from unauthorized access and monitoring.
b. OPEN-WEP // SHARED-WEP
If you set Security Mode to “OPEN-WEP or SHARED-WEP`”, please fill in the
related configurations at below.
Item
Description
Default Key
Specify a Key number for effective.
WEP Keys (1~4)
When you select WEPAUTO, please input 5, 13 (ASCII), 10 or 26 (HEX)
characters for WEP Key.
c. WPA-PSK/WPA2PSK
If you set Security Mode to “WPAPSK or WPA2-PSK”, please fill in the related
configurations at below.
Item
Description
WPA Algorithms
Select TKIP, AES, or TKIPAES for WPA algorithms.
Pass Phrase
Please fill in a passphrase like ‘test wpa 123’, or a hexadecimal string like
'65E4 E123 456 E1'.
Key Renewal
Please fill in a number for Group Key Renewal interval time.
Interval
d. WPA-RADIUS
Item
Description
WPA Algorithms
Select TKIP or AES for WPA algorithms.
Key Renewal
Please fill in a number for Group Key Renewal interval time.
Interval
IP Address
Port
Enter the RADIUS Server’s IP Address provided by your ISP.
Enter the RADIUS Server’s port number provided by your ISP. (The Default is
1812.)
Shared Secret
Enter the password that the Wireless Router shares with the RADIUS Server.
Session Timeout
Session timeout interval is for 802.1x re-authentication setting. Set to zero to
disable 802.1x re-authentication service for each session. Session timeout
interval unit is second and must be larger than 60.
Idle Timeout
Enter the idle timeout in the column.
e.802.1X
Item
Description
WEP
Select Disable or Enable For WEP
IP Address
Enter the RADIUS Server’s IP Address provided by your ISP.
Port
Enter the RADIUS Server’s port number provided by your ISP. (The Default is
1812.)
Shared Secret
Enter the password that the Wireless Router shares with the RADIUS Server.
Session Timeout
Session timeout interval is for 802.1x re-authentication setting. Set to zero to
disable 802.1x re-authentication service for each session. Session timeout
interval unit is second and must be larger than 60.
Idle Timeout
Enter the idle timeout in the column.
f. Access Policy
Item
Description
Policy
Select the Disabled, Allow or Reject of drop down menu choose wireless
access control mode. This is a security control function; only those clients
registered in the access control list can link to this WLAN Broadband Router.
Add a station
Fill in the MAC address of client to register this AP router access capability.
MAC
4.3.4.4 WPS
Item
Description
WPS
Select Enable or Disable the Wi-Fi Protected Setup function. Then click Apply
button to take effect function after change.
WPS Summary
After enabling the WPS function, if there is connection the WPS Summary will
show related information and status.
AP PIN
Here shows the AP’s PIN code (Personal Identification Number) that the
enrollee should enter the registrar’s PIN code to make a connection. Click
Generate button to generate a new AP PIN code.
Reset OOB
Click Reset OOB button to reset WPS AP to the OOB (out-of-box)
configuration.
WPS mode
Select WPS mode. PIN: Personal Identification Number. PBC: Push Button
Communication.
PIN
Input enrollee’s PIN code to AP-registrar.
4.3.5Administration
4.3.5.1 Management
Item
Description
Username
Fill in the user name for web management login control.
Password
Fill in the password for web management login control.
Current Time
It shows the current time.
Time Zone
Select the time zone in your country from pull-down menu..
NTP Server
Fill in NTP server IP address.
NTP
Fill in a number to decide the synchronization frequency with NTP server.
synchronization
Item
Description
Dynamic DNS
Click the drop down menu to pick up the right DDNS provider you registered.
Provider
Account
Fill in the account of DDNS you registered.
Password
Fill in the password of DDNS you registered.
DDNS
Fill in the domain name that you registered.
4.3.5.2 Qos
Item
Description
Uplink Speed
Input uplink Maximum upload speed
Downlink Speed
Input downlink Maximum upload speed
Local IP Address
Fill in the local IP address
Uplink Bandwidth
Fill limit upload bandwidth
Downlink
Bandwidth
Fill limit downlink bandwidth
4.3.5.3 Upload Firmware
Item
Description
Location
Click the Browse button to select the new firmware image file on PC. And click
the Apply button to upgrade firmware.
4.3.5.4 Settings Management
Item
Description
Export Button
Click Export button to export the current configuration to your PC.
Settings file
Click Browse button to select the configuration file from your PC, then click
location
Import button to update the configuration.
Load Default
Click the Load Default button to reset the configuration parameter to factory
Button
defaults.
This page shows the current status and some basic settings of the device, includes system info, Internet
Configurations and Local Network.
4.3.6.5 Status
This page shows the current status and some basic settings of the device, includes system info,
Internet Configurations and Local Network.
4.3.6.6 System Log
This page is used to view system logs
Item
Description
Refresh
Click the Refresh button to refresh the log shown on the screen.
Clear
Click the Clear button to clear the log display screen.
4.4 Configuration Examples
4.4.1 Example one – PPPoE on the WAN
Sales division of Company ABC likes to establish a WLAN network to support mobile communication
on sales’ Notebook PCs. MIS engineer collects information and plans the WLAN Broadband Router
implementation by the following configuration.
WAN configuration:PPPoE
User Name
User123
Password
Password123
Note: User Name and password are provided by your ISP
LAN configuration:
IP Address
192.168.2.1
Subnet Mask
255.255.255.0
DHCP Client Range
192.168.2.100 –192.168.2.200
WLAN configuration:
SSID
AP
Channel Number
AutoSelect
1. Configure the Operation Mode Configuration
Open “Operation Mode Configuration ” page, select Gateway.
Press “Apply” button to confirm the configuration setting.
2. Configure the WAN interface:
Open “Wide Area Network (WAN) Settings” page, select PPPoE then enter the User Name “user123”
and Password “password123”, the password is encrypted to display on the screen.
Press “Apply” button to confirm the configuration setting.
.
3. Configure the WLAN interface:
Open “Basic Wireless Settings” page, enter the SSID ”Edimax”, Channel Number ”AutoSelect”.
Press “Apply” button to confirm the configuration setting.
4. Configure the LAN interface:
Open “Local Area Network (LAN) settings” page, enter the IP Address “192.168.2.1”, Subnet Mask
“255.255.255.0”. Enable DHCP Server, DHCP client range “192.168.2.100” to “192.168.2.200”,
default Gateway “192.168.2.1” .
Press “Apply” button to confirm the configuration setting
4.4.2 Example two – fixed IP on the WAN
Company ABC likes to establish a WLAN network to support mobile communication on all
employees’ Notebook PCs. MIS engineer collects information and plans the WLAN Broadband Router
implementation by the following configuration.
WAN configuration : Fixed IP
IP Address
10.10.10.10
Subnet Mask
255.255.255.0
Default Gateway
10.10.10.1
Primary DNS Address
168.95.1.1
LAN configuration:
IP Address
192.168.2.1
Subnet Mask
255.255.255.0
DHCP Client Range
192.168.2.100 – 192.168.2.200
WLAN configuration:
SSID
Edimax
Channel Number
AutoSelect
1. Configure the WAN interface:
Open “Wide Area Network (WAN) Settings” page, select STATIC(fixed IP) then enter IP Address
“10.10.10.10”, subnet mask “255.255.255.0”, Default gateway “10.10.10.1”.
Press “Apply” button to confirm the configuration setting.
2. Configure the LAN interface:
Open “Local Area Network (LAN) settings” page, enter the IP Address “192.168.2.1”, Subnet Mask
“255.255.255.0”. Enable DHCP Server, DHCP client range “192.168.2.100” to “192.168.2.200”,
default
Gateway “192.168.1.254” .
Press “Apply” button to confirm the configuration setting
.
3. Configure the WLAN interface:
Open “Basic Wireless Settings” page, enter the SSID ” Edimax”, Channel Number ”AutoSelect”.
Press “Apply” button to confirm the configuration setting.
4.4.3 Example three –set WLAN to be WAN as WISP
User Mr. ABC likes to configure this WLAN Broadband Router to be a WiFi client. In order to
communicate with another AP. Mr. ABC collects information and plans the WLAN Broadband Router
implementation by the following configuration.
WAN configuration: DHCP (Auto config)
IP Address
n/a
Subnet Mask
n/a
Default Gateway
n/a
Primary DNS Address
n/a
LAN configuration:
IP Address
192.168.2.1
Subnet Mask
255.255.255.0
DHCP Client Range
192.168.2.100 –192.168.2.200
WLAN configuration:
SSID
Edimax
Channel Number
1
WISP configuration:
SSID
TEST AP
Channel Number
Channel 1
Wireless Encryption
n/a
DHCP server
192.168.88.50~192.168.88.150
1. Configure the Operation Mode:
Open “Operation Mode Configuration” page, select Ethernet Converter, then click “Apply” button to
confirm the configuration setting and reboot the WLAN Broadband Router. After reboot, the wireless
LAN will become to WAN interface.
2. Site Survey:
Open “Site Survey” page under Wireless Settings, and select the AP “testap”.
Press “Connect” button to connect with the AP.
3. Wireless encryption setting:
If the AP has encryption setting, it will pop out a window for you filling the encryption setting.
Please fill up the encryption code and click “Apply” button to connect with the AP.
4. Station Link Status:
After connection with AP, you can open “Link Status” page under Wireless Settings to check Link
Status.
5. FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS (FAQ)
5.1 What and how to find my PC’s IP and MAC address?
5.1 What and how to find my PC’s IP and MAC address?
IP address is the identifier for a computer or device on a TCP/IP network. Networks using the TCP/IP
protocol route messages based on the IP address of the destination. The format of an IP address is a
32-bit numeric address written as four numbers separated by periods. Each number can be zero to 255.
For example, 191.168.1.254 could be an IP address
The MAC (Media Access Control) address is your computer's unique hardware number. (On an
Ethernet LAN, it's the same as your Ethernet address.) When you're connected to the Internet from your
computer (or host as the Internet protocol thinks of it), a correspondence table relates your IP address
to
your computer's physical (MAC) address on the LAN.
To find your PC’s IP and MAC address,

Open the Command program in the Microsoft Windows.

Type in “ipconfig /all”, then press the Enter button.

Your PC’s IP address is the one entitled IP Address and your PC’s MAC address is the one
entitled Physical Address.
5.2 What is Wireless LAN?
A wireless LAN (WLAN) is a network that allows access to Internet without the need for any wired
connections to the user’s machine.
5.3 What are ISM bands?
ISM stands for Industrial, Scientific and Medical; radio frequency bands that the Federal
Communications Commission (FCC) authorized for wireless LANs. The ISM bands are located at 915
+/-13 MHz, 2450 +/-50 MHz and 5800 +/-75 MHz.
5.4 How does wireless networking work?
The 802.11 standard define two modes: infrastructure mode and ad hoc mode. In infrastructure mode,
the wireless network consists of at least one access point connected to the wired network infrastructure
and a set of wireless end stations. This configuration is called a Basic Service Set (BSS). An Extended
Service Set (ESS) is a set of two or more BSSs forming a single sub-network. Since most corporate
WLANs require access to the wired LAN for services (file servers, printers, Internet links) they will
operate in infrastructure mode.
Example
xample 1: wireless Infrastructure Mode
Ad hoc mode (also called peer-to-peer mode or an Independent Basic Service Set, or IBSS) is simply a
set of 802.11 wireless stations that communicate directly with one another without using an access
point or any connection to a wired network. This mode is useful for quickly and easily setting up a
wireless network anywhere that a wireless infrastructure does not exist or is not required for services,
such as a hotel room, convention center, or airport, or where access to the wired network is barred
(such as for consultants at a client site).
Example 2: wireless Ad Hoc Mode
5.5 What is BSSID?
A six-byte address is that distinguish a particular a particular access point from others. Also know as
just SSID. Serve as a network ID or name.
5.6 What is ESSID?
The Extended Service Set ID (ESSID) is the name of the network you want to access. It is used to
identify different wireless networks.
5.7 What are potential factors that may causes interference?
Factors of interference:

Obstacles: walls, ceilings, furniture… etc.

Building Materials: metal door, aluminum studs.

Electrical devices: microwaves, monitors and electrical motors.
Solutions to overcome the interferences:

Minimizing the number of walls and ceilings.

Position the WLAN antenna for best reception.

Keep WLAN devices away from other electrical devices, eg: microwaves, monitors, electric
motors…etc.

Add additional WLAN Access Points if necessary.
5.8 What are the Open System and Shared Key
authentications?
IEEE 802.11 supports two subtypes of network authentication services: open system and shared key.
Under open system authentication, any wireless station can request authentication. The station that
needs to authenticate with another wireless station sends an authentication management frame that
contains the identity of the sending station. The receiving station then returns a frame that indicates
whether it recognizes the sending station. Under shared key authentication, each wireless station is
assumed to have received a secret shared key over a secure channel that is independent from the 802.11
wireless network communications channel.
5.9 What is WEP?
An option of IEEE 802.11 function is that offers frame transmission privacy similar to a wired
network.
The Wired Equivalent Privacy generates secret shared encryption keys that both source and destination
stations can use to alert frame bits to avoid disclosure to eavesdroppers.
WEP relies on a secret key that is shared between a mobile station (e.g. a laptop with a wireless
Ethernet card) and an access point (i.e. a base station). The secret key is used to encrypt packets before
they are transmitted, and an integrity check is used to ensure that packets are not modified in transit.
5.10 What is Fragment Threshold?
The proposed protocol uses the frame fragmentation mechanism defined in IEEE 802.11 to achieve
parallel transmissions. A large data frame is fragmented into several fragments each of size equal to
fragment threshold. By tuning the fragment threshold value, we can get varying fragment sizes. The
determination of an efficient fragment threshold is an important issue in this scheme. If the fragment
threshold is small, the overlap part of the master and parallel transmissions is large. This means the
spatial reuse ratio of parallel transmissions is high. In contrast, with a large fragment threshold, the
overlap is small and the spatial reuse ratio is low. However high fragment threshold leads to low
fragment overhead. Hence there is a trade-off between spatial re-use and fragment overhead.
Fragment threshold is the maximum packet size used for fragmentation. Packets larger than the size
programmed in this field will be fragmented.
If you find that your corrupted packets or asymmetric packet reception (all send packets, for example).
You may want to try lowering your fragmentation threshold. This will cause packets to be broken into
smaller fragments. These small fragments, if corrupted, can be resent faster than a larger fragment.
Fragmentation increases overhead, so you'll want to keep this value as close to the maximum value as
possible.
5.11 What is RTS (Request to Send) Threshold?
The RTS threshold is the packet size at which packet transmission is governed by the RTS/CTS
transaction. The IEEE 802.11-1997 standard allows for short packets to be transmitted without RTS/
CTS transactions. Each station can have a different RTS threshold. RTS/CTS is used when the data
packet size exceeds the defined RTS threshold. With the CSMA/CA transmission mechanism, the
transmitting station sends out an RTS packet to the receiving station, and waits for the receiving station
to send back a CTS (Clear to Send) packet before sending the actual packet data.
This setting is useful for networks with many clients. With many clients, and a high network load, there
will be many more collisions. By lowering the RTS threshold, there may be fewer collisions, and
performance should improve. Basically, with a faster RTS threshold, the system can recover from
problems faster. RTS packets consume valuable bandwidth, however, so setting this value too low will
limit performance.
5.12 What is Beacon Interval?
In addition to data frames that carry information from higher layers, 802.11 include management and
control frames that support data transfer. The beacon frame, which is a type of management frame,
provides the "heartbeat" of a wireless LAN, enabling stations to establish and maintain
communications in an orderly fashion.
Beacon Interval represents the amount of time between beacon transmissions. Before a station enters
power save mode, the station needs the beacon interval to know when to wake up to receive the beacon
(and learn whether there are buffered frames at the access point).
5.13 What is Preamble Type?
There are two preamble types defined in IEEE 802.11 specification. A long preamble basically gives
the decoder more time to process the preamble. All 802.11 devices support a long preamble. The short
preamble is designed to improve efficiency (for example, for VoIP systems). The difference between
the two is in the Synchronization field. The long preamble is 128 bits, and the short is 56 bit
5.14 What is SSID Broadcast?
Broadcast of SSID is done in access points by the beacon. This announces your access point (including
various bits of information about it) to the wireless world around it. By disabling that feature, the SSID
configured in the client must match the SSID of the access point.
Some wireless devices don't work properly if SSID isn't broadcast (for example the D-link DWL-120
USB 802.11b adapter). Generally if your client hardware supports operation with SSID disabled, it'snot
a bad idea to run that way to enhance network security. However it's no replacement for WEP,
MAC filtering or other protections.
5.15 What is Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA)?
Wi-Fi’s original security mechanism, Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP), has been viewed as
insufficient
for securing confidential business communications. A longer-term solution, the IEEE 802.11i standard,
is under development. However, since the IEEE 802.11i standard is not expected to be published until
the end of 2003, several members of the WI-Fi Alliance teamed up with members of the IEEE 802.11i
task group to develop a significant near-term enhancement to Wi-Fi security. Together, this team
developed Wi-Fi Protected Access.
To upgrade a WLAN network to support WPA, Access Points will require a WPA software upgrade.
Clients will require a software upgrade for the network interface card, and possibly a software update
for the operating system. For enterprise networks, an authentication server, typically one that supports
RADIUS and the selected EAP authentication protocol, will be added to the network.
5.16 What is WPA2?
It is the second generation of WPA. WPA2 is based on the final IEEE 802.11i amendment to the
802.11 standard.
5.17 What is 802.1x Authentication?
802.1x is a framework for authenticated MAC-level access control, defines Extensible Authentication
Protocol (EAP) over LANs (WAPOL). The standard encapsulates and leverages much of EAP, which
was defined for dial-up authentication with Point-to-Point Protocol in RFC 2284.
Beyond encapsulating EAP packets, the 802.1x standard also defines EAPOL messages that convey the
shared key information critical for wireless security.
5.18 What is Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP)?
The Temporal Key Integrity Protocol, pronounced tee-kip, is part of the IEEE 802.11i encryption
standard for wireless LANs. TKIP is the next generation of WEP, the Wired Equivalency Protocol,
which is used to secure 802.11 wireless LANs. TKIP provides per-packet key mixing, a message
integrity check and a re-keying mechanism, thus fixing the flaws of WEP.
5.19 What is Advanced Encryption Standard (AES)?
Security issues are a major concern for wireless LANs, AES is the U.S. government’s next-generation
cryptography algorithm, which will replace DES and 3DES.
5.20 What is Inter-Access Point Protocol (IAPP)?
The IEEE 802.11f Inter-Access Point Protocol (IAPP) supports Access Point Vendor interoperability,
enabling roaming of 802.11 Stations within IP subnet.
IAPP defines messages and data to be exchanged between Access Points and between the IAPP and
high layer management entities to support roaming. The IAPP protocol uses TCP for inter-Access Point
communication and UDP for RADIUS request/response exchanges. It also uses Layer 2 frames to
update the forwarding tables of Layer 2 devices.
5.21 What is Wireless Distribution System (WDS)?
The Wireless Distribution System feature allows WLAN AP to talk directly to other APs via wireless
channel, like the wireless bridge or repeater service.
5.22 What is Universal Plug and Play (uPNP)?
UPnP is an open networking architecture that consists of services, devices, and control points. The
ultimate goal is to allow data communication among all UPnP devices regardless of media, operating
system, programming language, and wired/wireless connection.
5.23 What is Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) Size?
Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) indicates the network stack of any packet is larger than this value
will be fragmented before the transmission. During the PPP negotiation, the peer of the PPP connection
will indicate its MRU and will be accepted. The actual MTU of the PPP connection will be set to the
smaller one of MTU and the peer’s MRU.
5.24 What is Clone MAC Address?
Clone MAC address is designed for your special application that request the clients to register to a
server machine with one identified MAC address. Since that all the clients will communicate outside
world through the WLAN Broadband Router, so have the cloned MAC address set on the WLAN
Broadband Router will solve the issue.
5.25 What is DDNS?
DDNS is the abbreviation of Dynamic Domain Name Server. It is designed for user owned the DNS
server with dynamic WAN IP address.
5.26 What is NTP Client?
NTP client is designed for fetching the current timestamp from internet via Network Time protocol.
User can specify time zone, NTP server IP address.
5.27 What is VPN?
VPN is the abbreviation of Virtual Private Network. It is designed for creating point-to point private
link via shared or public network.
5.28 What is IPSEC?
IPSEC is the abbreviation of IP Security. It is used to transferring data securely under VPN.
5.29 What is WLAN Block Relay between Clients?
An Infrastructure Basic Service Set is a BSS with a component called an Access Point (AP). The
access point provides a local relay function for the BSS. All stations in the BSS communicate with the
access point and no longer communicate directly. All frames are relayed between stations by the access
point.
This local relay function effectively doubles the range of the IBSS.
5.30 What is WMM?
WMM is based on a subset of the IEEE 802.11e WLAN QoS draft standard. WMM adds prioritized
capabilities to Wi-Fi networks and optimizes their performance when multiple concurring applications,
each with different latency and throughput requirements, compete for network resources. By using
WMM, end-user satisfaction is maintained in a wider variety of environments and traffic conditions.
WMM makes it possible for home network users and enterprise network managers to decide which
data streams are most important and assign them a higher traffic priority.
5.31 What is WLAN ACK TIMEOUT?
ACK frame has to receive ACK timeout frame. If remote does not receive in specified period, it will be
retransmitted.
5.32 What is Modulation Coding Scheme (MCS)?
MCS is Wireless link data rate for 802.11n. The throughput/range performance of an AP will depend
on its implementation of coding schemes. MCS includes variables such as the number of spatial
streams modulation, and the data rate on each stream. Radios establishing and maintaining a link must
automatically negotiate the optimum MCS based on channel conditions and then continuously adjust
the selection of MCS as conditions change due to interference, motion, fading, and other events.
5.33 What is Frame Aggregation?
Every 802.11 packet, no matter how small, has a fixed amount of overhead associated with it. Frame
Aggregation combines multiple smaller packets together to form one larger packet. The larger packet
can be sent without the overhead of the individual packets. This technique helps improve the efficiency
of the 802.11n radio allowing more end user data to be sent in a given time.
5.34 What is Guard Intervals (GI)?
. A GI is a period of time between symbol transmission that allows reflections (from multipath) from
the
previous data transmission to settle before transmitting a new symbol. The 802.11n draft specifies two
guard intervals: 400ns (short) and 800ns (long). Support of the 400ns GI is optional for transmit and
receive. The purpose of a guard interval is to introduce immunity to propagation delays, echoes, and
reflections to which digital data is normally very sensitive.
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