Cadillac 1998 Eldorado Owner's manual

Cadillac 1998 Eldorado Owner's manual
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The 1999 Cadillac Eldorado Owner’s Manual
1-1
Seats and Restraint Systems
This section tells you how to use your seats and safety belts properly. It also explains the “SIR” system.
2-1
Features and Controls
This section explains how to start and operate your vehicle.
3-1
Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
This section tells you how to adjust the ventilation and comfort controls and how to operate your audio system.
4-1
Your Driving and the Road
Here you’ll find helpful information and tips about the road and how to drive under different conditions.
5-1
Problems on the Road
This section tells you what to do if you have a problem while driving, such as a flat tire or overheated engine, etc.
6-1
Service and Appearance Care
Here the manual tells you how to keep your vehicle running properly and looking good.
7-1
Customer Assistance Information
This section tells you how to contact Cadillac for assistance and how to get service and owner publications.
It also gives you information on “Reporting Safety Defects” on page 7-10.
8-1
Index
Here’s an alphabetical listing of almost every subject in this manual. You can use it to quickly find
something you want to read.
i
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We support voluntary
technician certification.
GENERAL MOTORS, GM and the GM Emblem,
CADILLAC, the CADILLAC Crest & Wreath and the
name ELDORADO are registered trademarks of
General Motors Corporation.
This manual includes the latest information at the time it
was printed. We reserve the right to make changes in the
product after that time without further notice. For
vehicles first sold in Canada, substitute the name
“General Motors of Canada Limited” for Cadillac Motor
Car Division whenever it appears in this manual.
Please keep this manual in your vehicle, so it will be
there if you ever need it when you’re on the road. If you
sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in it so the new
owner can use it.
For Canadian Owners Who Prefer a
French Language Manual:
Aux propriétaires canadiens: Vous pouvez vous
procurer un exemplaire de ce guide en français chez
votre concessionaire ou au:
DGN Marketing Services Ltd.
1577 Meyerside Dr.
Mississauga, Ontario L5T 1B9
Litho in U.S.A.
Part No. 25684415 A First Edition
ii
ECopyright General Motors Corporation 1998
All Rights Reserved
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How to Use this Manual
Many people read their owner’s manual from beginning
to end when they first receive their new vehicle. If you
do this, it will help you learn about the features and
controls for your vehicle. In this manual, you’ll find
that pictures and words work together to explain
things quickly.
Index
A good place to look for what you need is the Index in
back of the manual. It’s an alphabetical list of what’s in
the manual, and the page number where you’ll find it.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book.
We use a box and the word CAUTION to tell you
about things that could hurt you if you were to ignore
the warning.
CAUTION:
These mean there is something that could hurt
you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is. Then
we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce the
hazard. Please read these cautions. If you don’t, you or
others could be hurt.
You will also find a circle
with a slash through it in
this book. This safety
symbol means “Don’t,”
“Don’t do this” or “Don’t
let this happen.”
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Vehicle Damage Warnings
Also, in this book you will find these notices:
NOTICE:
These mean there is something that could
damage your vehicle.
In the notice area, we tell you about something that can
damage your vehicle. Many times, this damage would
not be covered by your warranty, and it could be costly.
But the notice will tell you what to do to help avoid
the damage.
When you read other manuals, you might see CAUTION
and NOTICE warnings in different colors or in
different words.
You’ll also see warning labels on your vehicle. They use
the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
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Vehicle Symbols
These are some of the symbols you may find on your vehicle.
For example,
these symbols
are used on an
original battery:
CAUTION
POSSIBLE
INJURY
PROTECT
EYES BY
SHIELDING
CAUSTIC
BATTERY
ACID COULD
CAUSE
BURNS
AVOID
SPARKS OR
FLAMES
SPARK OR
FLAME
COULD
EXPLODE
BATTERY
These symbols
are important
for you and
your passengers
whenever your
vehicle is
driven:
DOOR LOCK
UNLOCK
These symbols
have to do with
your lamps:
MASTER
LIGHTING
SWITCH
WINDSHIELD
WIPER
TURN
SIGNALS
WINDSHIELD
WASHER
PARKING
LAMPS
FASTEN
SEAT
BELTS
POWER
WINDOW
AIR BAG
These symbols
are on some of
your controls:
HAZARD
WARNING
FLASHER
DAYTIME
RUNNING
LAMPS
FOG LAMPS
WINDSHIELD
DEFROSTER
REAR
WINDOW
DEFOGGER
VENTILATING
FAN
These symbols
are used on
warning and
indicator lights:
Here are some
other symbols
you may see:
ENGINE
COOLANT
TEMP
FUSE
BATTERY
CHARGING
SYSTEM
LIGHTER
HORN
BRAKE
COOLANT
SPEAKER
ENGINE OIL
PRESSURE
FUEL
ANTI-LOCK
BRAKES
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✍
vi
NOTES
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Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems
Here you’ll find information about the seats in your vehicle and how to use your safety belts properly. You can also
learn about some things you should not do with air bags and safety belts.
1-2
1-7
1-11
1-12
1-12
1-19
1-20
1-20
Seats and Seat Controls
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
Here Are Questions Many People Ask About
Safety Belts -- and the Answers
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Driver Position
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Right Front Passenger Position
Supplemental Inflatable Restraint (SIR) System
1-27
1-31
1-32
1-35
1-46
1-49
1-49
1-49
Rear Seat Passengers
Center Passenger Position
Children
Child Restraints
Larger Children
Safety Belt Extender
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Replacing Restraint System Parts After
a Crash
1-
1-1
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Seats and Seat Controls
This section tells you about the power seats -- how to
adjust them, and also about the reclining front seatbacks,
lumbar adjustments, head restraints, heated seats and
seatback latches.
Power Seats
The power seat controls are located on the outboard side
of the front seat cushion.
D Move the front of the control in the direction of the
arrows to adjust the front portion of the cushion up
or down.
D Move the rear of the control in the direction of the
arrows to adjust the rear portion of the cushion up
or down.
D Lift up or push down on both outer arrows at the
same time to move the entire seat up or down.
D To move the whole seat forward or rearward, slide
the control in the direction of the center arrow.
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Power Lumbar Control (If Equipped)
The lumbar control is
located on the outboard
side of each front seat. It
provides additional support
to your lower back and it
works independently of the
other seat controls.
Massaging Lumbar (If Equipped)
Push the power lumbar control up for half a second to
activate the massage feature. The massage cycle will run
for 10 minutes. The cycle can be interrupted by pushing
the lumbar control down and holding for not more than
half a second. The cycle will continue to run even if the
ignition is turned to OFF. The lumbar support can be
adjusted during the massage cycle by moving the
switch forward to increase support and rearward to
decrease support.
Memory Seat and Mirrors (If Equipped)
Use the power seat control first to get the proper
position. Then proceed with the lumbar adjustment.
To reshape the lower seatback, press the lumbar control
forward to increase support and rearward to decrease
support. Press the control up or down to raise or lower
the support mechanism.
Keep in mind that as your seating position changes, as it
may during long trips, so should the position of your
lumbar support. Adjust the seat as needed.
If you have the optional personalization package, the
power lumbar control can be programmed for memory
recall. For more information, see “Memory and
Personalization Features” in the Index.
Automatic seat and mirror movement will occur if the
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter is used to
enter the vehicle. The number on the back of the
transmitter corresponds to the 1 or 2 seat and mirror
position. After the unlock button is pressed on the RKE
transmitter (the ignition must be in LOCK) or when the
key is placed in the ignition, the seat and mirrors will
automatically adjust to the appropriate position.
Automatic seat and mirror movement is programmed
through the Driver Information Center (DIC) so that the
driver can select whether or not movement will occur
using the RKE transmitter or by placing the ignition key
in the ignition. For programming information, see
“Memory and Personalization Features” in the Index.
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Heated Front Seat (Option)
The control is located in the
center console. Move the
switch to LO or HI to turn
on the heating elements in
the seat. The LO setting
warms the seatback and
cushion until the seat
approximates body
temperature. The HI setting
heats the seat to a slightly
higher temperature.
A telltale light in the control reminds you that the
heating system is in use. The heated seats can only be
used when the ignition is turned on.
1-4
Reclining Front Seatbacks
The reclining front seatback
control is located on the
outboard side of each front
seat. Press the control
forward or rearward to
adjust the seatback.
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CAUTION:
But don’t have a seatback reclined if your vehicle
is moving.
Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle is
in motion can be dangerous. Even if you buckle
up, your safety belts can’t do their job when
you’re reclined like this.
The shoulder belt can’t do its job. In a crash you
could go into it, receiving neck or other injuries.
The lap belt can’t do its job either. In a crash the
belt could go up over your abdomen. The belt
forces would be there, not at your pelvic bones.
This could cause serious internal injuries.
For proper protection when the vehicle is in
motion, have the seatback upright. Then sit well
back in the seat and wear your safety belt properly.
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Head Restraints
Slide the head restraint up or down so that the top of the
restraint is closest to the top of your ears. This position
reduces the chance of a neck injury in a crash.
The head restraints tilt forward and rearward also.
Seatback Latches
The front seatback folds
forward to let people get
into the rear seat. The
seatback will move back
and forth freely unless you
come to a sudden stop, then
it will lock into place.
CAUTION:
If the seatback isn’t locked, it could move
forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could
cause injury to the person sitting there. Always
press rearward on the seatback to be sure it
is locked.
1-6
The seatback may not fold without some help from you
if your vehicle is parked going down a fairly steep hill.
In this case, push the seatback toward the rear as you lift
the latch. Then the seatback will fold forward. The latch
must be down for the seat to work properly.
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Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety belts
properly. It also tells you some things you should not do
with safety belts.
And it explains the Supplemental Inflatable Restraint
(SIR), or air bag system.
CAUTION:
Don’t let anyone ride where he or she can’t wear
a safety belt properly. If you are in a crash and
you’re not wearing a safety belt, your injuries
can be much worse. You can hit things inside the
vehicle or be ejected from it. You can be seriously
injured or killed. In the same crash, you might
not be if you are buckled up. Always fasten your
safety belt, and check that your passengers’ belts
are fastened properly too.
CAUTION:
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area,
inside or outside of a vehicle. In a collision,
people riding in these areas are more likely to be
seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people to
ride in any area of your vehicle that is not
equipped with seats and safety belts. Be sure
everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a
safety belt properly.
Your vehicle has a light that
comes on as a reminder to
buckle up. (See “Safety Belt
Reminder Light” in
the Index.)
1-7
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In most states and Canadian provinces, the law says to
wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work.
You never know if you’ll be in a crash. If you do have a
crash, you don’t know if it will be a bad one.
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as
it goes.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so
serious that even buckled up a person wouldn’t survive.
But most crashes are in between. In many of them,
people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk
away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt
or killed.
After more than 30 years of safety belts in vehicles,
the facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does
matter ... a lot!
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it’s just a seat
on wheels.
1-8
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Put someone on it.
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
doesn’t stop.
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The person keeps going until stopped by something.
In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield ...
1-10
or the instrument panel ...
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Here Are Questions Many People Ask
About Safety Belts -- and the Answers
Q: Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I’m wearing a safety belt?
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does.
You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take the forces. That’s why
safety belts make such good sense.
A:
You could be -- whether you’re wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you’re upside down. And your chance of
being conscious during and after an accident, so
you can unbuckle and get out, is much greater if
you are belted.
Q:
If my vehicle has air bags, why should I have to
wear safety belts?
A:
Air bags are in many vehicles today and will be in
most of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety belts -- not instead of them. Every air bag
system ever offered for sale has required the use of
safety belts. Even if you’re in a vehicle that has air
bags, you still have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That’s true not only in frontal collisions,
but especially in side and other collisions.
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Q:
If I’m a good driver, and I never drive far from
home, why should I wear safety belts?
A:
You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an
accident -- even one that isn’t your fault -- you and
your passengers can be hurt. Being a good driver
doesn’t protect you from things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km) of
home. And the greatest number of serious injuries
and deaths occur at speeds of less than
40 mph (65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Adults
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know about safety
belts and children. And there are different rules for smaller
children and babies. If a child will be riding in your
vehicle, see the part of this manual called “Children.”
Follow those rules for everyone’s protection.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
Driver Position
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to wear
it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat (to see how, see “Seats” in the Index)
so you can sit up straight.
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3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt isn’t long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely
to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the
body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or crash.
1-13
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Shoulder Belt Tightness Adjustment
Your car has a shoulder belt tightness adjustment
feature. If the shoulder belt seems too tight, adjust it
before you begin to drive.
4. Let the belt go back all the way. You should hear a
slight clicking sound. If you don’t, the adjustment
feature won’t set, and you’ll have to start again.
1. Sit well back in the seat.
2. Start pulling the shoulder belt out.
5. Now you can add a small amount of slack. Lean
forward slightly, then sit back. If you’ve added more
than 1 inch (25 mm) of slack, pull the shoulder belt
out as you did before and start again.
3. Just before it reaches the end, give it a quick pull.
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If you move around in the vehicle enough, pull out the
shoulder belt, or open your door, the belt will become
tight again. If this happens, you can reset it.
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Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt should fit against your body. Don’t
allow more than 1 inch (25 mm) of slack.
A:
The shoulder belt is too loose. It won’t give nearly
as much protection this way.
1-15
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Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is
buckled in the wrong place like this. In a crash,
the belt would go up over your abdomen. The
belt forces would be there, not at the pelvic
bones. This could cause serious internal injuries.
Always buckle your belt into the buckle
nearest you.
A:
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
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Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash, your
body would move too far forward, which would
increase the chance of head and neck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to the
ribs, which aren’t as strong as shoulder bones.
You could also severely injure internal organs
like your liver or spleen.
A:
The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
1-17
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Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured by a twisted belt. In
a crash, you wouldn’t have the full width of the
belt to spread impact forces. If a belt is twisted,
make it straight so it can work properly, or ask
your dealer to fix it.
A:
The belt is twisted across the body.
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Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be
seriously injured if they don’t wear safety belts.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of the
way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage both the
belt and your vehicle.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt, and
the lap portion should be worn as low as possible, below
the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.
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The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it’s more
likely that the fetus won’t be hurt in a crash. For
pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
Supplemental Inflatable Restraint
(SIR) System
Right Front Passenger Position
Your vehicle has “Next Generation” frontal air
bags -- one air bag for the driver and another
air bag for the right front passenger.
To learn how to wear the right front passenger’s
safety belt properly, see “Driver Position” earlier in
this section.
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt -- except for one thing.
If you ever pull the lap portion of the belt out all the
way, you will engage the child restraint locking feature.
If this happens, just let the belt go back all the way and
start again.
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This part explains the Supplemental Inflatable Restraint
(SIR) system or air bag system.
Next Generation frontal air bags are designed to help
reduce the risk of injury from the force of an inflating
air bag. But even these air bags must inflate very
quickly if they are to do their job and comply with
federal regulations.
Here are the most important things to know about the air
bag system:
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CAUTION:
You can be severely injured or killed in a crash if
you aren’t wearing your safety belt -- even if you
have air bags. Wearing your safety belt during a
crash helps reduce your chance of hitting things
inside the vehicle or being ejected from it. Air
bags are “supplemental restraints” to the safety
belts. All air bags -- even Next Generation air
bags -- are designed to work with safety belts,
but don’t replace them. Air bags are designed to
work only in moderate to severe crashes where
the front of your vehicle hits something. They
aren’t designed to inflate at all in rollover, rear,
side or low-speed frontal crashes. And, for
unrestrained occupants, Next Generation air
bags may provide less protection in frontal
crashes than more forceful air bags have
provided in the past. Everyone in your vehicle
should wear a safety belt properly -- whether or
not there’s an air bag for that person.
CAUTION:
Air bags inflate with great force, faster than the
blink of an eye. If you’re too close to an inflating
air bag, as you would be if you were leaning
forward, it could seriously injure you. This is true
even with Next Generation frontal air bags.
Safety belts help keep you in position before and
during a crash. Always wear your safety belt,
even with Next Generation air bags. The driver
should sit as far back as possible while still
maintaining control of the vehicle.
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CAUTION:
Children who are up against, or very close to, any
air bag when it inflates can be seriously injured
or killed. This is true even though your vehicle
has Next Generation frontal air bags. Air bags
plus lap-shoulder belts offer the best protection
for adults, but not for young children and
infants. Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system
nor its air bag system is designed for them.
Young children and infants need the protection
that a child restraint system can provide. Always
secure children properly in your vehicle. To read
how, see the part of this manual called
“Children” and see the caution labels on the
sunvisors and the right front passenger’s
safety belt.
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There is an air bag readiness
light on the instrument
panel, which shows
AIR BAG.
The system checks the air bag electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See “Air Bag Readiness Light” in the Index
for more information.
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How the Air Bag System Works
The right front passenger’s air bag is in the instrument
panel on the passenger’s side.
Where are the air bags?
The driver’s air bag is in the middle of the
steering wheel.
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CAUTION:
If something is between an occupant and an air
bag, the bag might not inflate properly or it
might force the object into that person. The path
of an inflating air bag must be kept clear. Don’t
put anything between an occupant and an air
bag, and don’t attach or put anything on the
steering wheel hub or on or near any other air
bag covering.
When should an air bag inflate?
An air bag is designed to inflate in a moderate to severe
frontal or near-frontal crash. The air bag will inflate only if
the impact speed is above the system’s designed “threshold
level.” If your vehicle goes straight into a wall that doesn’t
move or deform, the threshold level is about 9 to 15 mph
(14 to 24 km/h). The threshold level can vary, however,
with specific vehicle design, so that it can be somewhat
above or below this range. If your vehicle strikes
something that will move or deform, such as a parked car,
the threshold level will be higher. The air bag is not
designed to inflate in rollovers, side impacts or rear
impacts, because inflation would not help the occupant.
1-24
In any particular crash, no one can say whether an air
bag should have inflated simply because of the damage
to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs were.
Inflation is determined by the angle of the impact and
how quickly the vehicle slows down in frontal or
near-frontal impacts.
What makes an air bag inflate?
In an impact of sufficient severity, the air bag sensing
system detects that the vehicle is in a crash. The sensing
system triggers a release of gas from the inflator, which
inflates the air bag. The inflator, air bag and related
hardware are all part of the air bag modules inside the
steering wheel and in the instrument panel in front of the
right front passenger.
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How does an air bag restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel or the
instrument panel. Air bags supplement the protection
provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute the force of
the impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper body,
stopping the occupant more gradually. But air bags would
not help you in many types of collisions, including
rollovers, rear impacts and side impacts, primarily because
an occupant’s motion is not toward those air bags. Air
bags should never be regarded as anything more than a
supplement to safety belts, and then only in moderate to
severe frontal or near-frontal collisions.
What will you see after an air bag inflates?
After an air bag inflates, it quickly deflates, so quickly
that some people may not even realize the air bag
inflated. Some components of the air bag module -- the
steering wheel hub for the driver’s air bag, or the
instrument panel for the right front passenger’s
bag -- will be hot for a short time. The parts of the
bag that come into contact with you may be warm, but
not too hot to touch. There will be some smoke and dust
coming from vents in the deflated air bags. Air bag
inflation doesn’t prevent the driver from seeing or from
being able to steer the vehicle, nor does it stop people
from leaving the vehicle.
CAUTION:
When an air bag inflates, there is dust in the air.
This dust could cause breathing problems for
people with a history of asthma or other
breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in the
vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe to do so.
If you have breathing problems but can’t get out
of the vehicle after an air bag inflates, then get
fresh air by opening a window or door.
Your vehicle has a feature that will automatically unlock
the doors and turn the interior lamps on when the air
bags inflate (if battery power is available). You can lock
the doors again and turn the interior lamps off by using
the door lock and interior lamp controls.
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In many crashes severe enough to inflate an air bag,
windshields are broken by vehicle deformation.
Additional windshield breakage may also occur from the
right front passenger air bag.
D Air bags are designed to inflate only once. After they
inflate, you’ll need some new parts for your air bag
system. If you don’t get them, the air bag system
won’t be there to help protect you in another crash.
A new system will include air bag modules and
possibly other parts. The service manual for your
vehicle covers the need to replace other parts.
D Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and
diagnostic module, which records information about
the air bag system. The module records information
about the readiness of the system, when the sensors
are activated and driver’s safety belt usage at
deployment. Some modules also record speed,
engine rpm, brake and throttle data.
D Let only qualified technicians work on your air bag
system. Improper service can mean that your air bag
system won’t work properly. See your dealer
for service.
1-26
NOTICE:
If you damage the covering for the driver’s air
bag, it may not work properly. You may have to
replace the air bag module. Do not open or break
the air bag covering.
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle
Air bags affect how your vehicle should be serviced.
There are parts of the air bag system in several places
around your vehicle. You don’t want the system to
inflate while someone is working on your vehicle. Your
dealer and the Eldorado Service Manual have
information about servicing your vehicle and the air bag
system. To purchase a service manual, see “Service and
Owner Publications” in the Index.
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CAUTION:
For up to 10 seconds after the ignition key is
turned off and the battery is disconnected, an air
bag can still inflate during improper service. You
can be injured if you are close to an air bag when
it inflates. Avoid yellow connectors. They are
probably part of the air bag system. Be sure to
follow proper service procedures, and make sure
the person performing work for you is qualified
to do so.
Rear Seat Passengers
It’s very important for rear seat passengers to buckle up!
Accident statistics show that unbelted people in the rear
seat are hurt more often in crashes than those who are
wearing safety belts.
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted can be thrown
out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike others
in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
The air bag system does not need regular maintenance.
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Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The positions next to the windows have lap-shoulder
belts. Here’s how to wear one properly.
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt across
you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt go back
slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt across you
more slowly.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
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If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, tilt the
latch plate and keep pulling until you can buckle it.
3. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt is not long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section. Make sure the
release button on the buckle is positioned so you
would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if
you ever had to.
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CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt should fit against your body.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely
to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the
body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or a crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
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To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
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Center Passenger Position
Lap Belt
When you sit in the center seating position, you have a
lap safety belt, which has no retractor. To make the belt
longer, tilt the latch plate and pull it along the belt.
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Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! That includes
infants and all children smaller than adult size. Neither
the distance traveled nor the age and size of the traveler
changes the need, for everyone, to use safety restraints.
In fact, the law in every state in the United States and in
every Canadian province says children up to some age
must be restrained while in a vehicle.
Smaller Children and Babies
CAUTION:
To make the belt shorter, pull its free end as shown until
the belt is snug.
Buckle, position and release it the same way as the lap
part of a lap-shoulder belt. If the belt isn’t long enough,
see “Safety Belt Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned
so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly
if you ever had to.
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Children who are up against, or very close to, any
air bag when it inflates can be seriously injured
or killed. This is true even though your vehicle
has Next Generation frontal air bags. Air bags
plus lap-shoulder belts offer the best protection
for adults, but not for young children and
infants. Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system
nor its air bag system is designed for them.
Young children and infants need the protection
that a child restraint system can provide. Always
secure children properly in your vehicle.
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CAUTION:
Smaller children and babies should always be
restrained in a child or infant restraint. The
instructions for the restraint will say whether it is
the right type and size for your child. A very
young child’s hip bones are so small that a
regular belt might not stay low on the hips, as it
should. Instead, the belt will likely be over the
child’s abdomen. In a crash, the belt would apply
force right on the child’s abdomen, which could
cause serious or fatal injuries. So, be sure that
any child small enough for one is always properly
restrained in a child or infant restraint.
Infants need complete support, including support for the
head and neck. This is necessary because an infant’s
neck is weak and its head weighs so much compared
with the rest of its body. In a frontal crash, an infant in a
rear-facing restraint settles into the restraint, so the crash
forces can be distributed across the strongest part of the
infant’s body, the back and shoulders. A baby should be
secured in an appropriate infant restraint. This is so
important that many hospitals today won’t release a
newborn infant to its parents unless there is an infant
restraint available for the baby’s first trip in a
motor vehicle.
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CAUTION: (Continued)
at only 25 mph (40 km/h), a 12-lb. (5.5 kg) baby
will suddenly become a 240-lb. (110 kg) force on
your arms. The baby would be almost impossible
to hold.
Secure the baby in an infant restraint.
CAUTION:
Never hold a baby in your arms while riding in a
vehicle. A baby doesn’t weigh much -- until a
crash. During a crash a baby will become so
heavy you can’t hold it. For example, in a crash
CAUTION: (Continued)
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Child Restraints
Every time infants and young children ride in
vehicles, they should have protection provided by
appropriate restraints.
Q:
What are the different types of add-on
child restraints?
A:
Add-on child restraints are available in four basic
types. When selecting a child restraint, take into
consideration not only the child’s weight and size,
but also whether or not the restraint will be
compatible with the motor vehicle in which it will
be used.
An infant car bed (A) is a special bed made for use
in a motor vehicle. It’s an infant restraint system
designed to restrain or position a child on a
continuous flat surface. With an infant car bed,
make sure that the infant’s head rests toward the
center of the vehicle.
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A rear-facing infant restraint (B) positions an infant
to face the rear of the vehicle. Rear-facing infant
restraints are designed for infants of up to about
20 lbs. (9 kg) and about one year of age. This type
of restraint faces the rear so that the infant’s head,
neck and body can have the support they need in a
frontal crash. Some infant seats come in two
parts -- the base stays secured in the vehicle and
the seat part is removable.
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A forward-facing child restraint (C-E) positions a
child upright to face forward in the vehicle. These
forward-facing restraints are designed to help
protect children who are from 20 to 40 lbs.
(9 to 18 kg) and about 26 to 40 inches
(66 to 102 cm) in height, or up to around
four years of age. One type, a convertible restraint,
is designed to be used either as a rear-facing infant
seat or a forward-facing child seat.
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A booster seat (F, G) is designed for children who
are about 40 to 60 lbs., or even up to 80 lbs.
(18 to 27 kg, or even up to 36 kg), and about four
to eight years of age. A booster seat is designed to
improve the fit of the vehicle’s safety belt system.
Booster seats with shields use lap-only belts;
however, booster seats without shields use
lap-shoulder belts. Booster seats can also help a
child to see out the window.
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When choosing a child restraint, be sure the child
restraint is designed to be used in a vehicle. If it is, it
will have a label saying that it meets federal motor
vehicle safety standards.
Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You may
find these instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system in
your vehicle, but the child also has to be secured within
the restraint to help reduce the chance of personal injury.
The instructions that come with the infant or child
restraint will show you how to do that. Both the owner’s
manual and the child restraint instructions are important,
so if either one of these is not available, obtain a
replacement copy from the manufacturer.
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat. We at
General Motors therefore recommend that you put your
child restraint in the rear seat. Never put a rear-facing
child restraint in the front passenger seat. Here’s why:
CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates, even though your
vehicle has Next Generation frontal air bags. This
is because the back of the rear-facing child
restraint would be very close to the inflating air
bag. Always secure a rear-facing child restraint
in a rear seat.
You may secure a forward-facing child restraint
in the right front seat, but before you do, always
move the front passenger seat as far back as it
will go. It’s better to secure the child restraint in
a rear seat.
Wherever you install it, be sure to secure the child
restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move
around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people in
the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure any child
restraint in your vehicle -- even when no child is in it.
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Top Strap
This work will be done for you free of charge. Or, you
may install the anchor yourself using the instructions
provided in the kit.
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Outside Seat Position
Canadian law requires that forward-facing child
restraints have a top strap, and that the strap
be anchored.
If your child restraint has a top strap, it should be
anchored. If you need to have an anchor installed, your
dealer can obtain a kit with anchor hardware and
installation instructions specifically designed for this
vehicle. The dealer can then install the anchor for you.
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You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier part
about the top strap if the child restraint has one. Be sure
to follow the instructions that came with the child
restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint when and
as the instructions say.
1. Put the restraint on the seat.
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2. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
3. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
Tilt the latch plate to adjust the belt if needed.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face or
neck, put it behind the child restraint.
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Securing a Child Restraint in the Center
Rear Seat Position
You’ll be using the lap belt. Be sure to follow the
instructions that came with the child restraint. Secure
the child in the child restraint when and as the
instructions say.
4. To tighten the belt, pull up on the shoulder belt while
you push down on the child restraint. If you’re using
a forward-facing child restraint, you may find it
helpful to use your knee to push down on the child
restraint as you tighten the belt.
5. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
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See the earlier part about the top strap if the child
restraint has one.
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1. Make the belt as long as possible by tilting the latch
plate and pulling it along the belt.
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Run the vehicle’s safety belt through or around the
restraint. The child restraint instructions will show
you how.
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. To tighten the belt, pull its free end while you push
down on the child restraint. If you’re using a
forward-facing child restraint, you may find it
helpful to use your knee to push down on the child
restraint as you tighten the belt.
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6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt. It will be ready to work for an adult or larger
child passenger.
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position
CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates, even though your
vehicle has Next Generation frontal air bags. This
is because the back of the rear-facing child
restraint would be very close to the inflating air
bag. Always secure a rear-facing child restraint
in the rear seat.
Although a rear seat is a safer place, you can secure a
forward-facing child restraint in the right front seat.
Your vehicle has a right front passenger air bag. Never
put a rear-facing child restraint in this seat. Here’s why:
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier part
about the top strap if the child restraint has one. Be sure
to follow the instructions that came with the child
restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint when and
as the instructions say.
1. Because your vehicle has a right front passenger air
bag, always move the seat as far back as it will go
before securing a forward-facing child restraint. (See
“Seats” in the Index.)
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
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3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face or
neck, put it behind the child restraint.
5. Pull the rest of the lap belt all the way out of the
retractor to set the lock.
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
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Larger Children
6. To tighten the belt, feed the lap belt back into the
retractor while you push down on the child restraint.
You may find it helpful to use your knee to push
down on the child restraint as you tighten the belt.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
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Children who have outgrown child restraints should
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
If you have the choice, a child should sit next to a
window so the child can wear a lap-shoulder belt and
get the additional restraint a shoulder belt can provide.
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Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear seat. But they need to use the
safety belts properly.
D Children who aren’t buckled up can be thrown out in
a crash.
D Children who aren’t buckled up can strike other
people who are.
CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same belt. The
belt can’t properly spread the impact forces. In a
crash, the two children can be crushed together
and seriously injured. A belt must be used by
only one person at a time.
Q:
What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but the child is so small that the shoulder belt is
very close to the child’s face or neck?
A:
Move the child toward the center of the vehicle, but
be sure that the shoulder belt still is on the child’s
shoulder, so that in a crash the child’s upper body
would have the restraint that belts provide. If the
child is so small that the shoulder belt is still very
close to the child’s face or neck, you might want to
place the child in the center seat position, the one
that has only a lap belt.
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CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part is behind
the child. If the child wears the belt in this way, in
a crash the child might slide under the belt. The
belt’s force would then be applied right on the
child’s abdomen. That could cause serious or
fatal injuries.
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt
should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching
the child’s thighs. This applies belt force to the child’s
pelvic bones in a crash.
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Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you
should use it.
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your
dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. When you go
in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so the
extender will be long enough for you. The extender will
be just for you, and just for the seat in your vehicle that
you choose. Don’t let someone else use it, and use it
only for the seat it is made to fit. To wear it, just attach it
to the regular safety belt.
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and
anchorages are working properly. Look for any other
loose or damaged safety belt system parts. If you see
anything that might keep a safety belt system from
doing its job, have it repaired.
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
If you’ve had a crash, do you need new belts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched, as they would be if worn
during a more severe crash, then you need new belts.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision
damage also may mean you will need to have safety belt
or seat parts repaired or replaced. New parts and repairs
may be necessary even if the belt wasn’t being used at
the time of the collision.
If an air bag inflates, you’ll need to replace air bag
system parts. See the part on the air bag system earlier in
this section.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a
crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt is
torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers, and
have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
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NOTES
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Section 2 Features and Controls
Here you can learn about the many standard and optional features on your vehicle, and information on starting,
shifting and braking. Also explained are the instrument panel and the warning systems that tell you if everything is
working properly -- and what to do if you have a problem.
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Keys
Door Locks
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System
Trunk
Theft
Theft-Deterrent System (If Equipped)
PASS-KeyR II
New Vehicle “Break-In”
Ignition Positions
Starting Your Engine
Engine Coolant Heater (If Equipped)
Automatic Transaxle Operation
Parking Brake
Shifting Into PARK (P)
Shifting Out of PARK (P)
Parking Over Things That Burn
Engine Exhaust
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Running Your Engine While You’re Parked
Windows
Tilt Wheel
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Exterior Lamps
Interior Lamps
Mirrors
Storage Compartments
Sun Visors
Cellular Telephone (Option)
Sunroof (Option)
Universal Transmitter (Option)
The Instrument Panel -- Your
Information System
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators
Driver Information Center (DIC)
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Keys
CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the ignition
key is dangerous for many reasons. A child or
others could be badly injured or even killed.
They could operate power windows or other
controls or even make the vehicle move. If they
turned the ignition to RUN and moved the shift
lever out of PARK (P), that would release the
parking brake. Don’t leave the keys in a vehicle
with children.
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When a new vehicle is delivered, the dealer removes the
plug from the door key. The plug has a code on it that
tells the dealer or a qualified locksmith how to make
extra keys. The ignition key has a bar code tag attached
to it rather than a knock out plug. Your dealer or
qualified locksmith can make extra ignition keys by
reading the bar code tag.
There are 15 alternative ignition PASS-KeyR II blanks
to help discourage theft. Keep the bar code tag and the
door key plugs in a safe place. If you lose your keys,
you will be able to have new ones made using the plug
or bar code tag.
Ignition Key
Door/Locks Key
NOTICE:
The square key is for the ignition only. It has a
resistor pellet which is part of the vehicle’s
PASS-KeyR II system.
The oval key is for the doors and all other locks.
Your vehicle has a number of new features
that can help prevent theft. You can have a
lot of trouble getting into your vehicle if you
ever lock your keys inside and you may have to
damage your vehicle to get in. Be sure you have
extra keys.
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Door Locks
CAUTION:
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
Passengers -- especially children -- can easily
open the doors and fall out. When a door is
locked, the inside handle won’t open it.
Outsiders can easily enter through an unlocked
door when you slow down or stop your vehicle.
This may not be so obvious: You increase the
chance of being thrown out of the vehicle in a
crash if the doors aren’t locked. Wear safety belts
properly, lock your doors, and you will be far
better off whenever you drive your vehicle.
There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle.
From the outside, use either the door key or the Remote
Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter.
If your vehicle is equipped with the theft-deterrent system,
you must unlock the doors with the key or remote keyless
entry transmitter to avoid setting off the alarm.
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Slide the manual lock lever down to lock the door from
the inside. To unlock the door, slide the lock lever up.
Central Door Unlocking System
Your vehicle will have this feature if it is equipped with
the theft-deterrent system. When unlocking either door,
you can also unlock the other door by holding the key in
the turned position for a few seconds or by quickly
turning the door key twice in the lock cylinder.
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Power Door Locks
door lock. When the door is closed again, it will not
lock automatically. Use the manual or power door lock
to lock the door again. If you need to lock the doors
before shifting out of PARK (P), use the manual or
power door lock.
Programmable Automatic Door Locks
(If Equipped)
With the ignition in RUN, the door locks can be
programmed through prompts displayed by the Driver
Information Center (DIC). These prompts allow the
driver to choose various lock settings. For programming
information, see “Memory and Personalization
Features” in the Index.
Anti-Lockout Feature
Press the power door lock switch to lock or unlock both
doors at once.
Automatic Door Locks
Close your doors and turn on the ignition. Every time
you move the shift lever out of PARK (P), both doors
will lock. The doors will unlock every time you stop the
vehicle and move the shift lever back into PARK (P). If
someone needs to get out while your vehicle is not in
PARK (P), have that person use the manual or power
Leaving your key in any ignition position with either
door open will disable the use of the power door lock
switches as well as the lock button on the remote keyless
entry transmitter. If you close the doors, you can lock
them using the remote keyless entry transmitter. It is
always recommended that you remove your ignition
key when locking your vehicle.
Note: The anti-lockout feature can be overridden by
holding the driver’s power door lock switch for three
seconds or longer.
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Leaving Your Vehicle
If you are leaving the vehicle, open the door, set the
locks from the inside, get out and close the door.
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System
With this feature, you can
lock and unlock the doors,
unlock the trunk, open the
fuel door and turn on your
vehicle’s interior lamps
from about 10 feet (3 m)
away using the remote
keyless entry transmitter
supplied with your vehicle.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than an
authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
The range of this system is about 10 feet (3 m). At times
you may notice a decrease in range. This is normal for
any remote keyless entry transmitter. If the transmitter
does not work or if you have to stand closer to your
vehicle for the transmitter to work, try this:
D Check to determine if battery replacement is
necessary. See the instructions that follow.
D Check the distance. You may be too far from your
Your remote keyless entry system operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
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vehicle. You may need to stand closer during rainy
or snowy weather.
D Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may be
blocking the signal. Take a few steps to the left or
right, hold the transmitter higher, and try again.
D If you’re still having trouble, see your dealer or a
qualified technician for service.
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Operation
Matching Transmitter(s) To Your Vehicle
When you press this button to unlock the driver’s
door, the parking lamps on your vehicle will blink twice.
(You can program your vehicle so the parking lamps
will not flash. For more information, see “Lock/Unlock
Confirmation” in the Index.) Pressing it again within
five seconds will unlock the other doors. Pressing this
button will also disarm the theft-deterrent system (if
equipped) and turn on the interior lamps at night.
Each remote keyless entry transmitter is coded to
prevent another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle.
If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can be
purchased through your dealer. Once your dealer has
coded the new transmitter, the lost transmitter will not
unlock your vehicle. Each vehicle can have only up to
four transmitters matched to it.
When you press this button to lock the doors, the
parking lamps will blink once. (You can program your
vehicle so the parking lamps will not flash. For more
information, see “Lock/Unlock Confirmation” in the
Index.) This also arms the theft-deterrent system
(if equipped).
Press this symbol to open the trunk. (The
VALET lockout button must be off.)
Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the battery in your remote keyless
entry transmitter should last about four years.
You can tell the battery is weak if the transmitter won’t
work at the normal range in any location. If you have to
get close to your vehicle before the transmitter works,
it’s probably time to change the battery.
Press this button to open the fuel door. (The
VALET lockout button must be off.)
NOTICE:
The remote keyless entry transmitter can also be used
to recall the memory seats for up to two drivers. For
more information, see “Memory Seat and Mirrors”
in the Index.
When replacing the battery, use care not to
touch any of the circuitry. Static from your
body transferred to these surfaces may damage
the transmitter.
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1. Use the round end of the door key or a coin to pry
open the transmitter.
2. Once the transmitter is separated, use a pencil (or
similar object) to remove the old battery. Do not use
a metal object.
3. Remove and replace the battery. Insert the new
battery as the instructions under the cover indicate.
Do not use a metal object.
4. Snap the transmitter back together tightly to be sure
no moisture can enter.
5. Resynchronize the transmitter. See instructions under
“Resynchronization” following.
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Resynchronization
Pressing the remote keyless entry transmitter buttons
numerous times (approximately 250 times) out of the
vehicle’s operating range may cause the transmitter not
to work. Replacing the battery and pressing the
transmitter buttons out of range will also cause the
transmitter not to work. If only the fuel door button
works, the transmitter needs to be resynchronized to
the receiver. Do this by pressing and holding both the
LOCK and UNLOCK buttons on the transmitter for
about eight seconds. You must be within range of
the vehicle.
Once the transmitter has been resynchronized, the horn
will chirp and the exterior lamps will flash once. The
system should now operate properly. See your dealer for
service if your transmitter doesn’t work properly.
Trunk
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to drive with the trunk lid
open because carbon monoxide (CO) gas can
come into your vehicle. You can’t see or smell
CO. It can cause unconsciousness and even death.
If you must drive with the trunk lid open or if
electrical wiring or other cable connections must
pass through the seal between the body and the
trunk lid:
D Make sure all other windows are shut.
D Turn the fan on your heating or cooling
system to its highest speed with the setting
on AUTO and the temperature between
65_F (18_C) and 85_F (29_C). That will
force outside air into your vehicle. See
“Comfort Controls” in the Index.
D If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all the way.
See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index.
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Trunk Lock Release
Trunk Storage System (Option)
To use this feature, your
vehicle must be in
PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N)
and the VALET lockout
button must be in the
OFF position. Press the
TRUNK button, located
above the radio on the Driver
Information Center (DIC), to
open the trunk.
You can also press the trunk button on the
remote keyless entry transmitter to access the
trunk compartment.
The optional trunk storage system can be used to
organize many different items inside the trunk. The
cover (A) is located on top of the spare tire cover (B).
To install the storage system:
1. Pull the carpeting from the floor of the trunk. Turn
the retainer (center dial) on the compact spare tire
cover counterclockwise to remove it.
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2. Place the trunk storage system on the center of the
trunk floor (the cut out portion of the storage system
should be facing the rear of the vehicle).
3. Open the storage system by pulling up on the handle
located in the carpeted area. This allows the unit to
unfold into place. Unfold the divider walls and move
them into the retention slots.
4. Remove the rectangular access panel from the floor
of the storage system. The access panel should
unsnap by hand.
5. Center the storage system access hole over the area
where the spare tire is secured by the retainer.
Position the storage system as needed and then
secure it with the retainer.
6. Replace the access panel.
7. Attach the removable net to the slots located on the
front of the divider walls and attach the hooks to the
holes on each side of the storage system.
The following steps explain how to remove the trunk
storage system for cleaning or in case you need to access
the spare tire. Follow all of these steps if the storage
system is in the closed position. Begin with Step 2 if the
system is already open.
1. Open the storage system by pulling up on the handle
located in the carpeted area. This allows the unit to
unfold into place. Unfold the divider walls and move
them into the retention slots.
2. Remove the rectangular access panel from the floor
of the storage system. The access panel should
unsnap by hand.
3. Center the storage system access hole over the
area where the spare tire is secured by the retainer.
Position the storage system as needed and then
remove the retainer (turn the retainer
counterclockwise to remove it).
4. Replace the access panel and remove the
storage system.
Once in place, the storage system can be moved
forward or rearward for convenience and easy access
of stored items.
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Trunk Lid Automatic Pull-Down Feature
CAUTION:
Your car may have an automatic pull-down
feature that helps close the trunk electronically.
Your fingers can be trapped under the trunk lid
as it goes down. Your fingers could be injured,
and you would need someone to help you free
them. Keep your fingers away from the trunk lid
as you close it and as it is going down.
With the automatic pull-down feature, you never have to
slam the trunk lid in order to close the trunk. Instead,
gently lower the trunk lid until it is nearly shut -- the
automatic pull-down unit will take over and lock the
trunk firmly.
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A. Trunk Lid
B. Lever
If for some reason the trunk lid (A) will not close, it may
be because the trunk pull-down unit was accidentally
bumped. Even though the trunk lid remains open, the
motor from the pull-down unit has already cycled down.
If this happens, press the lever (B) on the trunk lid. The
pull-down unit motor will reset itself, allowing the trunk
lid to close when lowered.
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Theft
Parking Lots
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
Although your vehicle has a number of theft-deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put on it can make
it impossible to steal. However, there are ways you
can help.
If you park in a lot where someone will be watching
your vehicle, it’s best to lock it up and take your keys.
But what if you have to leave your ignition key?
Key in the Ignition
If you leave your vehicle with the keys inside, it’s an
easy target for joy riders or professional thieves -- so
don’t do it.
When you park your vehicle and open the driver’s door,
you’ll hear a chime reminding you to remove your key
from the ignition and take it with you. Always do this.
Your steering wheel will be locked, and so will your
ignition and transaxle. And remember to lock the doors.
D If possible, park in a busy, well lit area.
D Put your valuables in a storage area, like your
trunk or glove box. Be sure to close and lock the
storage area.
D
D
D
D
Close all windows.
Lock the glove box.
Lock all the doors except the driver’s.
Then take the door key and remote keyless entry
transmitter with you.
Parking at Night
Park in a lighted spot, close all windows and lock your
vehicle. Remember to keep your valuables out of sight.
Put them in a storage area, or take them with you.
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Theft-Deterrent System (If Equipped)
If the ignition is off and
either door is open, the
SECURITY light will flash,
reminding you to activate
the system.
The light will also flash if the battery has been
disconnected and reconnected. To activate the
theft-deterrent system:
1. Open the door.
2. Lock the door using the power door lock or the
remote keyless entry transmitter. The SECURITY
light should come on and stay on.
3. Close both doors. The SECURITY light should go
off within about 30 seconds.
The horn will sound and the lamps will flash for about
30 seconds when a door or the trunk is opened without
the key or the remote keyless entry transmitter. The horn
also sounds if the locks are damaged.
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Remember, the theft-deterrent system won’t activate if
you lock a door with a key or use the manual door lock.
It activates only if you use a power door lock switch or
the remote keyless entry transmitter.
To avoid activating the alarm by accident:
D Always unlock a door with a key or use the remote
keyless entry transmitter. (Pressing the unlock button
on the remote keyless entry transmitter disables the
theft-deterrent system.) Unlocking a door any other
way will activate the alarm. Cycling the ignition
without disarming the theft-deterrent system will
also activate the alarm.
D The vehicle should be locked with the door key after
the doors are closed if you don’t want to activate the
theft-deterrent system.
If you activate the alarm by accident, unlock either door
with your key. You can also turn off the alarm by using
the unlock button of the remote keyless entry
transmitter. The alarm won’t stop if you try to unlock a
door any other way.
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Testing the Alarm
1. From inside the vehicle, roll down the window, then
get out of the vehicle, keeping the door open.
2. From outside of the vehicle, with the door open, lock
the vehicle using the power door lock or the remote
keyless entry transmitter and close the door. Wait 30
seconds until the SECURITY light goes off.
3. Reach in and unlock the door using the manual lock
and open the door. The horn will sound and the
headlamps will flash.
If the alarm does not sound when it should, check to see
if the horn works. The horn fuse may be blown. To
replace the fuse, see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the
Index. If the fuse does not need to be replaced, you may
need to have your vehicle serviced.
To reduce the possibility of theft, always activate the
theft-deterrent system when leaving your vehicle.
Valet Lockout Button
Pressing the VALET
lockout button located
inside the glove box to
ON will disable the use of
the power trunk, fuel door
and garage door openers.
Pressing this button again
will make these features
reusable. Locking the
glove box with the door
key will also help to secure
your vehicle.
Note: The Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter
can’t be used to open the trunk or fuel door if the
VALET lockout button is pressed in.
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PASS-KeyR II
Your vehicle is equipped
with the PASS-Key II
theft-deterrent system.
PASS-Key II is a passive
system. The system is
armed when the key is
removed from the ignition.
PASS-Key II uses a resistor pellet in the ignition key
that is read by the system in your vehicle. If the key
resistor matches the code stored in the vehicle system,
the vehicle’s fuel and starting systems will be enabled. If
an incorrect key is used, the vehicle’s fuel and starting
systems are disabled for three minutes. Additional
attempts during this lockout period will not start the car,
even with the correct key.
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If the engine does not start and the STARTING
DISABLED REMOVE KEY message is displayed in
the Driver Information Center, your key should be
checked for damage. Starting may be attempted with an
undamaged key immediately. See your dealer or a
locksmith for key service.
If the STARTING DISABLED REMOVE KEY and
WAIT 3 MINUTES messages are displayed, the key
should be cleaned. After three minutes, try again. A
START CAR message will appear at this time. If the
engine still does not start, wait three minutes and try a
duplicate key. At this time, fuses should be checked (see
“Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the Index). If the engine
does not start with the duplicate key, your vehicle needs
service. See your dealer for service.
If the THEFT SYSTEM PROBLEM, CAR MAY
NOT START message is displayed during vehicle
operation, a fault has been detected in the system. This
means the PASS-Key II system is disabled and is not
protecting the vehicle. The vehicle usually restarts. See
your dealer for service.
If an ignition key is lost or damaged, see your dealer or
a locksmith to have a new key made.
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New Vehicle “Break-In”
NOTICE:
Your vehicle doesn’t need an elaborate
“break-in.” But it will perform better in the long
run if you follow these guidelines:
D Don’t drive at any one speed -- fast or
slow -- for the first 500 miles (805 km).
Don’t make full-throttle starts.
D Avoid making hard stops for the first
200 miles (322 km) or so. During this time
your new brake linings aren’t yet broken
in. Hard stops with new linings can mean
premature wear and earlier replacement.
Follow this breaking-in guideline every
time you get new brake linings.
D Don’t tow a trailer during break-in.
See “Towing a Trailer” in the Index for
more information.
Ignition Positions
CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the ignition
key is dangerous for many reasons. A child or
others could be injured or even killed. They could
operate power windows or other controls or even
make the vehicle move. Don’t leave the keys in
the vehicle with children.
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LOCK (B): Before you put the key in, the ignition will be
in LOCK. This is the only position from which you can
remove the key. This position locks the ignition, steering
wheel and transaxle. It’s a theft-deterrent feature.
NOTICE:
With the ignition key in the ignition, you can turn the
switch to five different positions.
ACCESSORY (A): This position lets you use things like
the radio and the windshield wipers when the engine is off.
To get into ACCESSORY, push in the key and turn it
toward you. The steering wheel will remain locked, just as
it was before you inserted the key. Once you turn the key
to ACCESSORY, be sure to then turn it to LOCK. If you
leave your key in ACCESSORY when the engine is turned
off, your battery will discharge prematurely.
If your key seems stuck in LOCK and you can’t
turn it, be sure you are using the correct key; if
so, is it all the way in? If it is, then turn the
steering wheel left and right while you turn the
key hard. But turn the key only with your hand.
Using a tool to force it could break the key or the
ignition switch. If none of this works, then your
vehicle needs service.
OFF (C): This position lets you turn off the engine but
still turn the steering wheel. It doesn’t lock the steering
wheel like LOCK does. Use OFF if you must have your
vehicle in motion while the engine is off (for example, if
your vehicle is being pushed).
RUN (D): This is the position for driving.
START (E): This position starts the engine.
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Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
The following accessories on your vehicle may be used
for up to 10 minutes after the ignition key is turned from
RUN to OFF, and then to LOCK:
D Radio
D Power Windows
D Sunroof
Power to these accessories stops after 10 minutes or if
either door is opened. If you want power for another
10 minutes, turn the ignition key to RUN, to OFF and
then to LOCK.
NOTICE:
Don’t try to shift to PARK (P) if your vehicle is
moving. If you do, you could damage the
transaxle. Shift to PARK (P) only when your
vehicle is stopped.
1. Without pushing the accelerator pedal, turn your
ignition key to START. When the engine starts, let
go of the key. The idle speed will go down as your
engine gets warm.
NOTICE:
NOTICE:
When using RAP, always leave your key in LOCK.
If you leave your key in any other position than
LOCK, your battery will discharge prematurely.
Holding your key in START for longer than
15 seconds at a time will cause your battery to
be drained much sooner. And the excessive heat
can damage your starter motor. Wait about
15 seconds between each try to help avoid
draining your battery or damaging your starter.
Starting Your Engine
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine won’t start in any other position -- that’s a
safety feature. To restart when you’re already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only.
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2. If it doesn’t start right away, hold your key in
START for about three seconds at a time until your
engine starts. Wait about 15 seconds between each
try to help avoid draining your battery or damaging
your starter.
Engine Coolant Heater (If Equipped)
3. If your engine still won’t start (or starts but then
stops), it could be flooded with too much gasoline.
Try pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to the
floor and holding it there as you hold the key in
START for about three seconds. If the vehicle starts
briefly but then stops again, do the same thing.
NOTICE:
Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts or accessories, you could change the way
the engine operates. Before adding electrical
equipment, check with your dealer. If you don’t,
your engine might not perform properly.
If you ever have to have your vehicle towed, see
the part of this manual that tells how to do it
without damaging your vehicle. See “Towing
Your Vehicle” in the Index.
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A. Engine Oil Dipstick Location
B. Engine Coolant Heater Cord
C. Transaxle Dipstick/Fluid Fill Location
In very cold weather, 0_F (-18_C) or colder, the engine
coolant heater can help. You’ll get easier starting and
better fuel economy during engine warm-up. Usually,
the coolant heater should be plugged in a minimum of
four hours prior to starting your vehicle.
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To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
The electrical cord is located on the driver’s side of
the engine, behind the transaxle dipstick/fluid fill
location (C) and next to the engine.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt AC outlet.
CAUTION:
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet
could cause an electrical shock. Also, the wrong
kind of extension cord could overheat and cause
a fire. You could be seriously injured. Plug the
cord into a properly grounded three-prong
110-volt AC outlet. If the cord won’t reach, use a
heavy-duty three-prong extension cord rated for
at least 15 amps.
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged
in? The answer depends on the outside temperature, the
kind of oil you have, and some other things. Instead of
trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact
your dealer in the area where you’ll be parking your
vehicle. The dealer can give you the best advice for that
particular area.
Automatic Transaxle Operation
There are several different
positions for the shift lever.
PARK (P): This position locks the front wheels. It’s the
best position to use when you start the engine because
your vehicle can’t move easily.
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug
and store the cord as it was before to keep it away
from moving engine parts. If you don’t, it could
be damaged.
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CAUTION:
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the
shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured. To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
move the shift lever to PARK (P).
See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index. If
you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towing a Trailer” in
the Index.
Ensure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P) before
starting the engine. Your vehicle has a Brake-Transaxle
Shift Interlock (BTSI). You have to fully apply your
regular brakes before you can shift from PARK (P)
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when the ignition key is in RUN. If you cannot shift out
of PARK (P), ease pressure on the shift lever -- push the
shift lever all the way into PARK (P) and release the
shift lever button on the floor shift console models as
you maintain brake application. Then move the shift
lever into the gear you wish. (Press the shift lever button
before moving the shift lever on floor shift console
models.) See “Shifting Out of PARK (P)” in the Index.
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
NOTICE:
Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle is
moving forward could damage your transaxle.
Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle
has stopped.
Also use this gear to rock your vehicle back and forth to
get out of snow, ice or sand without damaging your
transaxle. See “If You’re Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice or
Snow” in the Index for additional information.
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NEUTRAL (N): In this position, the engine doesn’t
connect with the wheels. To restart when you’re
already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. Also, use
NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed.
B
OVERDRIVE ( ): This position is for normal driving.
If you need more power for passing, and you’re:
D Going less than 35 mph (55 km/h), push the
accelerator pedal about halfway down.
D Going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more, push the
CAUTION:
Shifting out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) while
your engine is “racing” (running at high speed) is
dangerous. Unless your foot is firmly on the
brake pedal, your vehicle could move very
rapidly. You could lose control and hit people or
objects. Don’t shift out of PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) while your engine is racing.
NOTICE:
Damage to your transaxle caused by shifting out
of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) with the engine
racing isn’t covered by your warranty.
accelerator all the way down.
The transaxle will shift down to the next gear and
have more power.
NOTICE:
If your vehicle seems to start up rather slowly, or
if it doesn’t seem to shift gears as you accelerate,
something may be wrong with a transaxle system
sensor. If you drive very far that way, your
vehicle can be damaged. So if this happens, have
your vehicle serviced right away. Until then, you
can use SECOND (2) when you are driving less
than 35 mph (55 km/h) and OVERDRIVE ( )
for higher speeds.
B
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THIRD (3): This position is also used for normal
driving, however, it offers more power and lower fuel
economy than OVERDRIVE ( ).
B
Here are examples for using THIRD (3) instead of
OVERDRIVE ( ):
B
D When driving on hilly, winding roads.
D When towing a trailer, so there is less shifting
between gears.
D When going down a steep hill.
SECOND (2): This position gives you more power. You
can use SECOND (2) on hills. It can help control your
speed as you go down steep mountain roads, but then
you would also want to use your brakes off and on.
NOTICE:
Don’t shift into SECOND (2) unless you are going
slower than 65 mph (105 km/h), or you can
damage your engine.
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FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power
than SECOND (2). You can use it on very steep hills,
or in deep snow or mud. (If the shift lever is put in
FIRST (1), the transaxle won’t shift into gear until the
vehicle is going slowly enough.)
NOTICE:
If your front wheels can’t rotate, don’t try to
drive. This might happen if you were stuck in
very deep sand or mud or were up against a solid
object. You could damage your transaxle.
Also, if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold
your vehicle there with only the accelerator
pedal. This could cause overheating and damage
the transaxle. Use your brakes to hold your
vehicle in position on a hill.
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Parking Brake
Hold the regular brake
pedal down with your right
foot and push down the
parking brake pedal with
your left foot to set the
parking brake. If the
ignition is on, the PARK
BRAKE indicator light
should come on. If it
doesn’t, you need to have
your vehicle serviced.
If the parking brake has not been fully released and you
try to drive with the parking brake on, the PARK
BRAKE indicator light comes on and stays on. See
“Parking Brake Indicator Light” in the Index for
more information.
When you move out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N),
if the engine is running, the parking brake should
release. If it doesn’t, you can manually release the
parking brake.
CAUTION:
Always shift to PARK (P) before pulling the
manual release lever. If your hand or arm is in
the way of the pedal you could be hurt. The pedal
springs back quickly. Keep your hand and arm
away when you use the manual release lever.
Be sure to turn off the ignition and put the vehicle in
PARK (P) before manually releasing the brake.
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NOTICE:
Driving with the parking brake on can cause
your rear brakes to overheat. You may have to
replace them and you could also damage other
parts of your vehicle.
If you are towing a trailer and are parking on a hill, see
“Towing a Trailer” in the Index. This section shows
what to do first to keep the trailer from moving.
Reach under the driver’s side of the instrument panel
and pull on the manual release lever, which is located
above the parking brake pedal. If the parking brake does
not release, you should either drive to the nearest service
station or have your vehicle towed.
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Shifting Into PARK (P)
2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) like this:
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll. If
you have left the engine running, the vehicle can
move suddenly. You or others could be injured.
To be sure your vehicle won’t move, even when
you’re on fairly level ground, use the steps that
follow. If you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towing a
Trailer” in the Index.
Console Shift Lever
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot.
D Hold in the button on the lever and push the lever
all the way toward the front of your vehicle.
D With your right foot still holding the brake pedal
down, set the parking brake.
3. Turn the ignition key to LOCK.
4. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
leave your vehicle with the ignition key in your
hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).
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Leaving Your Vehicle With the
Engine Running
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with the
engine running. Your vehicle could move
suddenly if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P)
with the parking brake firmly set. And, if you
leave the vehicle with the engine running, it could
overheat and even catch fire. You or others could
be injured. Don’t leave your vehicle with the
engine running unless you have to.
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and your
parking brake is firmly set before you leave it. After
you’ve moved the shift lever into PARK (P), hold the
regular brake pedal down. Then, see if you can move the
shift lever away from PARK (P) without first pulling it
toward you. If you can, it means that the shift lever
wasn’t fully locked into PARK (P).
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Torque Lock
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your
transaxle into PARK (P) properly, the weight of the
vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl in
the transaxle. You may find it difficult to pull the shift
lever out of PARK (P). This is called “torque lock.” To
prevent torque lock, set the parking brake and then shift
into PARK (P) properly before you leave the driver’s
seat. To find out how, see “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in
the Index.
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have another
vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some of the
pressure from the parking pawl in the transaxle, so you
can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).
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Shifting Out of PARK (P)
CAUTION:
Before shifting out of PARK (P) you must fully
apply your regular brakes. Your vehicle can roll.
If you have left the engine running, the vehicle
can move suddenly. You or others could be
injured. If you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towing a
Trailer” in the Index.
Your vehicle has a Brake-Transaxle Shift Interlock
(BTSI). You have to fully apply your regular brakes
before you can shift from PARK (P) when the ignition is
in RUN. See “Automatic Transaxle” in the Index.
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on
the shift lever -- push the shift lever all the way into
PARK (P) and also release the shift lever button on the
shift lever as you maintain brake application. Then
move the shift lever into the gear you want. (Press the
shift lever button before moving the shift lever.) If you
ever hold the brake pedal down but still can’t shift out of
PARK (P), try this:
1. Turn the ignition key to OFF. Open and close the
driver’s door to turn off the Retained Accessory
Power (RAP) feature.
2. Apply and hold the brake until the end of Step 4.
3. Shift to NEUTRAL (N).
4. Start the vehicle and then shift to the drive gear
you want.
5. Take your vehicle to an authorized service center as
soon as you can.
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Parking Over Things That Burn
Engine Exhaust
CAUTION:
CAUTION:
Things that can burn could touch hot exhaust
parts under your vehicle and ignite. Don’t park
over papers, leaves, dry grass or other things that
can burn.
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Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the gas
carbon monoxide (CO), which you can’t see or
smell. It can cause unconsciousness and death.
You might have exhaust coming in if:
D Your exhaust system sounds strange
or different.
D Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
D Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
D Your vehicle was damaged when driving over
high points on the road or over road debris.
D Repairs weren’t done correctly.
D Your vehicle or exhaust system had been
modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into
your vehicle:
D Drive it only with all the windows down to
blow out any CO; and
D Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
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Running Your Engine While
You’re Parked
It’s better not to park with the engine running. But if you
ever have to, here are some things to know.
CAUTION:
Idling the engine with the climate control
system off could allow dangerous exhaust into
your vehicle (see the earlier Caution under
“Engine Exhaust”).
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) into your vehicle even if
the fan switch is at the highest setting. One place
this can happen is a garage. Exhaust -- with
CO -- can come in easily. NEVER park in a
garage with the engine running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.
(See “Blizzard” in the Index.)
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you’ve left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured. To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake after
you move the shift lever to PARK (P).
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle won’t
move. See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index.
If you are parking on a hill and if you’re pulling a
trailer, also see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
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Express-Down Window
Windows
Power Windows
The controls are located
near each window. Press the
control forward to raise the
window and press rearward
to lower.
This feature is present on the driver’s power window.
Pressing the control rearward into the second position
then releasing it will lower the window completely. If
you want to stop the window as it is lowering, press the
control forward.
Note: The first position on the power window
control operates the driver’s power window in the
non-express mode.
Horn
The horn can be sounded by pressing on the center of
the steering wheel pad.
Note: The second rearward position on the driver’s
control operates the express-down window feature.
Your vehicle has Retained Accessory Power (RAP).
When you stop your vehicle and turn the ignition key
to OFF, you can still use your power windows. See
“Retained Accessory Power” in the Index for
more information.
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Tilt Wheel
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Turn and Lane Change Signals
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or
down. The lever returns automatically when the turn
is complete.
An arrow on the instrument
panel will flash in the
direction of the turn or
lane change.
Tilt steering allows you to adjust the steering wheel
before you drive. Raising the steering wheel to the
highest level gives your legs more room when you enter
and exit the vehicle.
Hold the steering wheel and pull the lever toward you to
tilt the wheel. Adjust the steering wheel to a comfortable
position and then release the lever to lock the wheel
in place.
Raise or lower the lever until the arrow starts to flash to
signal a lane change. Hold it there until the lane change
is complete. The lever returns when it’s released.
If the turn signal is left on, a warning chime will
sound and the Driver Information Center (DIC) will
display TURN SIGNAL ON (after driving about
1 mile (1.6 km/h)) to remind you to turn it off.
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Arrows that flash rapidly when signaling for a turn or
lane change may be caused by a burned-out signal bulb.
Other drivers won’t see the turn signal.
Replace burned-out bulbs to help avoid possible
accidents. Check the fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit
Breakers” in the Index) and for burned-out bulbs if the
arrow fails to work when signaling a turn.
Headlamp High/Low Beam
Pull the turn signal lever all the way toward you and
then release it to change the headlamps from low beam
to high or from high beam to low.
This light on the instrument
panel will be on, indicating
high beam usage.
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Flash-To-Pass
This lets you use the high-beam headlamps to signal the
driver in front of you that you want to pass.
Pull the turn signal lever toward you to use. When
you do:
D If the headlamps are either off or in the Daytime
Running Lamps (DRL) mode, the high-beam
headlamps will turn on. They’ll stay on as long as
you hold the lever there. Release the lever to turn
them off.
D If the headlamps are on low beam, they will shift to
high beam and stay there. Pull the lever toward you
to return to low beam.
D If the headlamps are on high beam, they will switch
to low beam. To return to high beam, pull the lever
toward you.
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Windshield Wipers
OFF: Turn the band to OFF to turn off the wipers.
Be sure to clear ice and snow from the wiper blades
before using them. If they’re frozen to the windshield,
carefully loosen or thaw them. If the blades do become
damaged, get new blades or blade inserts.
Heavy snow or ice can overload the wiper motor. A
circuit breaker will stop the motor until it cools. Clear
away snow or ice to prevent an overload.
Rainsense
t Wipers (ETC Only)
WIPER: Turn the band on the turn signal lever to
control the wipers.
MIST: Turn the band toward you and then release it for
a single wiping cycle. For more cycles, hold the band on
MIST longer.
LO or HI: Turn the band away from you to either LO
(low speed) or to HI (high speed), depending on the
wiper speed you want.
DELAY: You can set the wiper speed for a long or short
delay between wipes with this setting. Turn the band to
the DELAY position. The closer you turn it to LO, the
shorter the delay.
This moisture sensor is mounted on the passenger’s
interior side of the windshield behind the rearview
mirror and is used to automatically operate the wipers
by monitoring the amount of moisture that is on
the windshield.
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The Rainsense system can be activated by turning the
wiper stalk to one of the five sensitivity levels within the
AUTO DELAY area. The AUTO DELAY position
closest to OFF is the lowest sensitivity setting. This
allows more water to collect on the windshield between
wipes. Turning the stalk away from you to the other
AUTO DELAY settings increases the sensitivity of the
system and frequency of wipes. A single wipe will occur
each time you turn the wiper stalk to a higher sensitivity
level. An initial wipe occurs when you turn the ignition
on as a reminder that Rainsense is active. The
windshield wipers also remain in a “high park” position
(when the wipers are stopped on the windshield and are
not in its normal park position), even when the ignition
is turned off.
The Rainsense wipers operate in a delay mode as well as
a continuous low or high speed depending on the
amount of moisture and the sensitivity level. The MIST
and “wash” cycles operate as normal and are not
affected by the Rainsense function.
NOTICE:
The wipers must be turned off when going
through a car wash to avoid damage.
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It is important to note that the Rainsense wiping feature
(AUTO DELAY) can be overridden at any time by
manually changing the wiper control to LO or HI speed.
Note: If you ever need to replace the windshield, make
sure it is Rainsense compatible.
Windshield Washer
CAUTION:
In freezing weather, don’t use your washer until
the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the washer
fluid can form ice on the windshield, blocking
your vision.
At the top of the turn signal/multifunction lever there
is a paddle with the word PUSH on it. To spray washer
fluid on the windshield, press and release this paddle.
The wipers will clear the windshield and either stop or
return to your preset speed. For more washer cycles,
press and hold the paddle.
LOW WASHER FLUID will be displayed on the
Driver Information Center (DIC) when the washer
fluid reaches a low level.
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Cruise Control
CAUTION:
D Cruise control can be dangerous where you
D
With cruise control, you can maintain a speed of about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more without keeping your foot
on the accelerator. This can help on long trips. Cruise
control does not work at speeds below 25 mph
(40 km/h).
Cruise control shuts off when you apply your brakes.
can’t drive safely at a steady speed. So,
don’t use your cruise control on winding
roads or in heavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on
slippery roads. On such roads, fast changes
in tire traction can cause needless wheel
spinning, and you could lose control. Don’t
use cruise control on slippery roads.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the traction
control system begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise
control will automatically disengage. (See “Traction
Control System” in the Index.) When road conditions
allow you to safely use it again, you may turn the cruise
control back on.
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Setting Cruise Control
CAUTION:
If you leave your cruise control switch on when
you’re not using cruise, you might hit a button
and go into cruise when you don’t want to. You
could be startled and even lose control. Keep the
cruise control switch off until you want to use it.
Once you’re going about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more,
you can move the cruise control switch from ON to R/A
(Resume/Accelerate) for about half a second to reset.
This returns you to your desired preset speed. Also note
that the Driver Information Center (DIC) will display
the CRUISE ENGAGED message again.
Remember, if you hold the switch at R/A longer than
half a second, the vehicle will accelerate until you
release the switch or apply the brake. So unless you
want to go faster, don’t hold the switch at R/A.
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise Control
1. Move the cruise control switch to ON.
There are two ways to go to a higher speed:
2. Accelerate to the speed you want.
D Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher speed.
3. Press the SET CRUISE button at the end of the lever
and release it. The CRUISE ENGAGED message
will display on the Driver Information Center (DIC).
4. Remove your foot from the accelerator pedal.
Resuming a Set Speed
Setting the cruise control at a desired speed and then
applying the brake will end the cruise function.
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Push the button at the end of the lever and then
release the button and the accelerator pedal. You’ll
now cruise at the higher speed.
D Move the cruise switch from ON to R/A. Hold it there
until you reach a desired speed and then release the
switch. (To increase your speed in very small amounts,
move the switch to R/A. Each time you do this, your
vehicle will go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.)
The accelerate feature will only work after you have set the
cruise control speed by pushing the SET CRUISE button.
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Reducing Speed While Using Cruise Control
Using Cruise Control on Hills
There are two ways to reduce your speed while using
cruise control:
How well your cruise control will work on hills depends
upon your speed, load and the steepness of the hills.
When going up steep hills, you may have to step on the
accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When going
downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear
to keep your speed down. Of course, applying the brakes
or downshifting into FIRST (1) takes you out of cruise
control. Many drivers find this to be too much trouble
and don’t use cruise control on steep hills.
D Push in the button at the end of the lever until you
reach a desired lower speed, then release it. A
CRUISE ENGAGED message will then display in
the Driver Information Center (DIC).
D To slow down in very small amounts, push the
button for less than half a second. Each time you do
this, you’ll go 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Ending Cruise Control
Passing Another Vehicle While Using Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed. When
you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow
down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.
There are two ways to end cruise control:
D Step lightly on the brake pedal.
D Move the CRUISE switch to OFF.
Erasing Speed Memory
The cruise control set speed memory is erased when you
turn off the cruise control or the ignition.
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Parking Lamps
Exterior Lamps
The control on the left
side of the instrument
panel controls these
lamp systems:
Pull the exterior lamp control knob out to the first stop to
turn on the parking as well as the taillamps, sidemarker
lamps and instrument panel lights. Push the control knob
all the way back in to turn the lamps and lights off.
Headlamps
Pull the exterior lamp control knob out all the way to
turn on the headlamps. Push the control knob all the way
back in to turn the headlamps off.
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
Wiper-Activated Headlamps
Headlamps
Taillamps
Parking Lamps
Sidemarker Lamps
License Plate Lamp
Underhood Lamp
Fog Lamps
Instrument Panel Lights
Interior Courtesy Lamps
Instrument panel backlighting will activate whenever
the lamps or lights are turned on.
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This feature activates the headlamps and parking lamps
after the windshield wipers have been in use for
approximately 20 seconds.
In order to operate the wiper-activated headlamps, the
Twilight SentinelR must be turned on. This feature
lights the way in poor weather and it also makes your
vehicle more visible to other drivers. If the
wiper-activated headlamps are on, and the ignition
switch is turned off, the wiper-activated headlamps will
immediately turn off.
The wiper-activated headlamps will deactivate if you
turn off the Twilight Sentinel or if the windshield wipers
have been turned off for a period of one or two seconds.
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Lamps On Reminder
If the manual headlamp control is activated, you will
hear a warning chime if you open either door while
leaving the lamps on. An exception to this is when
you’re using Twilight Sentinel.
Daytime Running Lamps
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier for
others to see the front of your vehicle during the day.
DRL can be helpful in many different driving
conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the
short periods after dawn and before sunset.
The DRL system will make the high-beam headlamps
come on at reduced brightness when:
D the ignition is on,
D the headlamp switch is off and
D the transaxle is not in PARK (P).
When DRL are on, only your high-beam headlamps (at
reduced brightness) will be on. No other exterior lamps
such as the parking lamps, taillamps, etc. will be on
when the DRL are being used. Your instrument panel
won’t be lit up either.
When the Twilight Sentinel switch is on and it’s dark
enough outside, the high-beam headlamps (at reduced
intensity) will turn off and normal low-beam headlamp
operation will occur. When the Twilight Sentinel switch
is on and it’s bright enough outside, the regular lamps
will go off, and the high-beam headlamps at reduced
brightness will take over for the DRL.
If it’s dark enough outside and the Twilight Sentinel
control is off, a HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED message
will display on the Driver Information Center (DIC).
This message informs the driver that turning on the
exterior lamps is recommended even though the DRL
are still illuminated (it’s become dark enough outside to
require the headlamps and/or other exterior lamps).
Turning on the Twilight Sentinel, the headlamp switch
or the fog lamp switch will remove the HEADLAMPS
SUGGESTED message.
To idle your vehicle with the DRL off, turn off the
Twilight Sentinel switch and shift the transaxle into
PARK (P). Placing your vehicle in PARK (P) disables
the DRL. The DRL will stay off until you shift out of
PARK (P).
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need it.
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Twilight SentinelR
Fog Lamps
Use the fog lamps for better
vision in foggy or misty
conditions. When you press
the fog lamp button, a small
indicator light will tell you
that the fog lamps and the
parking lamps are on. Press
the button again to turn
them off.
This control is next to the
exterior lamp control knob.
It automatically turns the
lamps on and off by sensing
how dark it is outside.
If you turn on the high-beam headlamps, the fog lamps
will turn off. They’ll turn back on again when you
switch to low-beam headlamps.
To operate the Twilight Sentinel, leave the exterior lamp
control knob off and move the TWILIGHT control to
any position but OFF.
When the Twilight Sentinel is on and the fog lamp
switch is activated, the fog lamps will remain on as well
as the headlamps and parking lamps.
If you move the control all the way to the right, the
lamps will remain on for approximately three minutes
after the ignition has been turned to OFF or LOCK. If
you move the control so it is just on, the lamps will go
off quickly when you turn the ignition out of RUN. You
can adjust the delay time from only a few seconds to
three minutes.
Cornering Lamps
The cornering lamps come on when the headlamps or
parking lamps are on and you signal a turn. They
provide more light for cornering.
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If it’s dark enough outside and the Twilight Sentinel
control is off, a HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED message
will display on the Driver Information Center (DIC).
This message informs the driver that turning on the
exterior lamps is recommended (it’s become dark
enough outside to require the headlamps and/or other
exterior lamps). Turning on the Twilight Sentinel, the
headlamps or the fog lamps will remove the
HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED message.
Light Sensor
Exterior Lighting Battery Saver
If the manual parking lamp control has been left on, the
exterior lamps will turn off approximately 10 minutes
after the ignition is turned to LOCK or ACCESSORY.
This protects draining the battery in case you have
accidentally left the headlamps or parking lamps on. If
you need to purposely leave the lamps on for more than
10 minutes with the ignition in LOCK or ACCESSORY,
turn the exterior lamps control knob off and then back
on. To delay the lamps from turning off, see “Twilight
Sentinel” in the Index.
Interior Lamps
Instrument Panel Intensity/Brightness
Control
The light sensor for the Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
and the Twilight Sentinel is located in the center of the
front defogger grille. If you cover the sensor, it will read
“dark” and the lamps will come on.
The digital displays automatically dim when it becomes
dark outside and your lights are on. When it’s dark, the
brightness control can be manually adjusted by turning
the exterior lamps control knob counterclockwise to dim
and clockwise to brighten the lighting. The digital
displays automatically brighten when it becomes light
outside, although backlighting will remain active at the
selected brightness as long as the lights are on.
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Illuminated Entry
Reading Lamps
The illuminated entry system turns on the courtesy lamps
and the backlighting to the door controls and to the
exterior lamps control knob when a door is opened or if
you press a remote keyless entry transmitter button. Since
the illuminated entry system has a photocell, this means
that it must be dark outside in order for the courtesy lamps
or backlighting to turn on. The courtesy lamps turn off
approximately 20 seconds after the last door is closed or
after the ignition key is placed in the ignition.
The reading lamps are located in the roof unless your
vehicle has the optional sunroof where the lamps are
located above the windows. To turn them on, turn the
exterior lamps control knob all the way clockwise.
These lamps and the interior courtesy lamps
automatically come on when either door is opened and it
is dark outside. For manual operation, press the button
to turn them on. Press it again to turn them off.
Parade Dimming
This feature prohibits the dimming of the instrument
panel lights during daylight while the headlamps are on.
This feature operates with the light sensor for the
Twilight Sentinel and is fully automatic. When the light
sensor reads darkness outside, the instrument panel
lights can be adjusted by turning the exterior lamps
control knob counterclockwise to dim and clockwise to
brighten lighting. Backlighting to the instrument panel
will turn on, regardless of light conditions.
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If the reading lamps are left on, they automatically shut
off 10 minutes after the ignition has been turned off.
Inadvertent Power Battery Saver
This feature is designed to protect your vehicle’s battery
against drainage from the interior lamps, trunk lamp,
glove box lamp, cigarette lighters or the garage door
opener. When the ignition is turned off, the power to
these features will automatically turn off after 10
minutes (three minutes if a new car has 15 miles
(24 km) or less). Power will be restored for an additional
10 minutes if either door is opened, the trunk is opened
or the courtesy lamps are turned on.
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Storage Mode Personalization
This feature is for long-term use and must be
Your vehicle has an electrochromic inside rearview
mirror with a compass.
programmed through the Driver Information Center
(DIC) while the ignition is in RUN. Storage mode
personalization protects the battery by placing your
vehicle in a storage mode so that the radio, amplifiers,
instrument cluster and remote keyless entry will not
drain the battery over a long period of time. For
programming information, see “Memory and
Personalization Features” in the Index.
When set in the MIRROR position, this mirror
automatically changes to reduce glare from headlamps
behind you.
Mirrors
Electrochromic Day/Night Rearview Mirror
with Compass
The mirror also includes an eight-point compass
display in the upper right corner of the mirror face.
When on, the compass automatically calibrates as the
vehicle is driven.
When cleaning the mirror, use a paper towel or similar
material dampened with glass cleaner. Do not spray
glass cleaner directly on the mirror as that may cause the
liquid cleaner to enter the mirror housing.
Mirror Operation
The right button located at the bottom of the mirror
turns the electrochromic mirror on and off. To turn on
the automatic dimming feature, press MIRROR. To turn
off automatic dimming, press MIRROR again. The
green indicator light will be illuminated when this
feature is active.
Compass Operation
Press the COMPASS button once to turn the compass on
or off.
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When the ignition and the compass feature are on, the
compass will show two character boxes for
approximately two seconds. After two seconds, the
mirror will display the compass heading.
Compass Variance
If, after two seconds, the display does not show a
compass heading (“N” for North, for example), there
may be a strong magnetic field interfering with the
compass. Such interference may be caused by a
magnetic antenna mount, magnetic note pad holder or a
similar magnetic item.
The mirror is set in zone eight upon leaving the factory.
It will be necessary to adjust the compass to compensate
for compass variance if you live outside zone eight.
Under certain circumstances, as during a long distance
cross-country trip, it will be necessary to adjust for
compass variance. Compass variance is the difference
between earth’s magnetic north and true geographic
north. If not adjusted to account for compass variance,
your compass could give false readings.
Compass Calibration
To adjust for compass variance:
If the letter “C” appears in the compass display, the
mirror may need calibration.
1. Use the COMPASS side of the button located at the
bottom of the mirror. Press and hold COMPASS
until a zone number appears in the display.
The mirror can be calibrated in one of two ways:
D Drive the vehicle in circles at 5 mph (8 km/h) or less
until the display reads a direction, or
D Drive the vehicle on your everyday routine.
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2. Find your current location and variance zone number
on the following zone map.
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Power Remote Control Mirror (Heated)
Your vehicle has an electric
mirror control located on
the driver’s door armrest.
3. Press COMPASS on the bottom of the mirror until the
new zone number appears in the display. After you
stop pressing the button, the display will show a “C” in
the direction display within a few seconds. (This is the
automatic calibration mode -- you’ll need to drive in a
circle to calibrate the mirror. See “Compass
Calibration” listed previously.)
Move the R/L switch in the middle of the control to
choose the right (passenger’s side) or left (driver’s side)
mirror. To adjust the mirror, push the arrow control in
the direction you want the mirror to go. Adjust each
mirror so you can see the side of your vehicle and the
area behind your vehicle.
The mirrors can also be programmed for personalization
if you have the optional memory package. For more
information, see “Memory Seat and Mirrors” in
the Index.
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Driver’s Outside Auto-Dimming
Rearview Mirror
Only the driver’s side outside mirror will adjust for the
glare of headlamps behind you. This feature is
controlled by the on and off settings on the
electrochromic mirror. See “Electrochromic Day/Night
Rearview Mirror with Compass” in the Index.
Curb View Assist Mirror (If Equipped)
If your mirror is equipped with memory mirrors, it will
also be equipped with the curb view assist mirror
feature. This feature will cause the passenger’s mirror to
tilt when the vehicle is moving in REVERSE (R). This
feature may be useful in allowing you to view the curb
when you are parallel parking (selected/programmed
through personalization on the DIC).
When the vehicle is shifted out of REVERSE (R) and a
five second delay has occurred, the passenger’s mirror
will return to its original position. If further adjustment
is needed after the mirror is tilted, the mirror switch may
be used. The mirror then returns to its original position.
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Convex Outside Mirror
Your passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex mirror’s
surface is curved so you can see more from the driver’s
seat. This mirror does not have a dimming feature.
CAUTION:
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you
could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your
inside mirror or glance over your shoulder before
changing lanes.
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Storage Compartments
Center Console Storage
Glove Box
The glove box is located in front of the passenger’s seat.
To lock the glove box door, insert the oval key into the
lock cylinder and turn it clockwise. Turn the key
counterclockwise to unlock the door.
Overhead Console
Sunglasses Storage Compartment
This feature is on vehicles without the optional sunroof.
To gain access to this compartment, which is located
directly above the inside rearview mirror in the
headliner, push up and the storage area will open.
Map Pocket
The map/storage pockets are located on each front
door as well as on the passenger’s and driver’s
front seatbacks.
The console includes a storage compartment for CDs
or tapes and an optional phone, an armrest and a
cupholder. The cupholder can be opened by pressing
on the surface panel located in front of the armrest.
Close the lid to secure.
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Rear Storage Armrest (If Equipped)
Front Ashtray
Your vehicle may be equipped with a rear seat armrest
which includes an open storage compartment and a dual
cupholder that unfolds for use. To open, lift the front
edge. (This feature is available on vehicles with leather
interiors only.)
The front ashtray is located below the climate control
system. To open, press on the lower edge of the cover.
Convenience Net
Cigarette Lighter
The convenience net is located inside the back wall of
the trunk. Put small loads, like grocery bags, behind the
net. It can help keep them from falling over during sharp
turns or quick starts and stops.
The cigarette lighter is located near the ashtray. Press it
all the way in and release. It will pop back by itself
when it’s ready to light. You may also have a lighter
located at the rear seat air outlet.
The net is not for larger, heavier loads. Store them in the
trunk as far forward as you can. When not using the net,
hook the net to the tabs securing it to the sill plate.
Note: Power to the cigarette lighter will shut off
10 minutes after the ignition is turned off. This helps
to prevent battery drainage. For more information, see
“Inadvertent Battery Saver” in the Index.
Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter
NOTICE:
Don’t put papers or other flammable items
into your ashtrays. Hot cigarettes or other
smoking materials could ignite them, causing a
damaging fire.
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Rear Ashtray
To use the rear ashtray, lift the lid.
NOTICE:
Don’t hold a cigarette lighter in with your hand
while it is heating. If you do, it won’t be able to
back away from the heating element when it’s
ready. That can make it overheat, damaging the
lighter and the heating element.
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Sun Visors
Swing down the visor to block out glare. It can also be
detached from the center mount and moved to the side.
The driver’s sun visor is also equipped with a storage
flap that can be used for maps or toll tickets.
Lighted Visor Vanity Mirror
Move the sun visor down and lift the cover to see the
mirror. Move the slide switch up or down to brighten or
dim the lamp.
Cellular Telephone (Option)
Your vehicle has been prewired for dealer installation of
a Cadillac dual-mode (analog/digital) cellular telephone.
A fixed mobile or a portable hand-held system are
available. Either system has steering wheel telephone
controls and information output through the Driver
Information Center (DIC). Voice activation and
hands-free operation are standard features. For more
information, contact your dealer. A user’s guide is
provided with the telephone.
OnStarR System (Option)
OnStar is a vehicle communications service which may
be ordered through your dealer. The following OnStar
services are available 24 hours a day:
D Automatic Notification of Front Air
Bag Deployment
D Emergency Services
D Theft Detection/Notification and Stolen
Vehicle Tracking
D
D
D
D
D
D
Remote Door Unlock
Roadside Assistance with Location
Route Support
Convenience Services
Remote Diagnostics
Hands-Free, Voice-Activated Cellular Telephone
For more information, contact your dealer.
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Assist Handles
Sunroof (Option)
A handle, located on each side pillar, can be used when
getting out of your vehicle.
Garment Hooks
For your convenience, a garment hook is attached to the
casing around the reading lamps in the rear of the
vehicle. To use, push the lower edge of the hook.
Floor Mats
Your vehicle is equipped with rubber-backed front and
rear floor mats. Keep them clean by vacuuming and
using a spot cleaner, if necessary. Do not machine wash.
The switch only works when the ignition is on or when
the Retained Accessory Power (RAP) is active.
Press the switch rearward and release to express-open the
glass panel and sunshade. The sunshade can also be
opened by hand. If you want to stop the roof in a partially
opened position, press the switch in either direction. Press
and release the switch again to open it fully.
Press and hold the switch forward to close the glass
panel. The sunshade can only be closed by hand.
To open the vent, press the switch forward when the
glass panel is closed. Open the sunshade by hand. To
close the vent, press the switch rearward.
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Universal Transmitter (Option)
Programming the Universal Transmitter
Do not use the Universal Transmitter with any garage
door opener that does not have the “stop and reverse”
safety feature. This includes any garage door opener
model manufactured before April 1, 1982.
Be sure that people and objects are clear of the garage
door you are programming.
Your vehicle’s engine should be turned off while
programming the transmitter. Follow these steps to
program up to three channels:
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference,
and (2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
1. If you have previously programmed a transmitter
channel, proceed to Step 2. Otherwise, hold down
the two outside buttons on the Universal Transmitter
until the indicator light begins to flash rapidly (after
20 seconds). Then release the buttons. This
procedure initializes the memory and erases any
previous settings for all three channels.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference, including interference
that may cause undesired operation of the device.
2. Decide which one of the three channels you want to
program. Hold the end of the hand-held transmitter
about 2 to 5 inches (5 to 13 cm) away from the
surface of the Universal Transmitter so that you can
still see the indicator light.
Changes and modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
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3. Using both hands, press the hand-held transmitter
button and the desired button on the Universal
Transmitter. Continue to press both buttons
through Step 4.
4. Hold down both buttons until you see the indicator
light on the Universal Transmitter flash slowly and
then rapidly. The rapid flashing indicates that the
Universal Transmitter has been programmed.
Release both buttons once the indicator light starts
to flash rapidly.
If you have trouble programming the Universal
Transmitter, make sure that you have followed the
directions exactly as described. The Universal
Transmitter may not work with older garage door
openers that do not meet current Federal Consumer
Safety Standards. If you cannot program the transmitter
after repeated attempts, refer to “Rolling Code
Programming” later in this section or contact the
Universal Transmitter manufacturer at 1-800-355-3515.
Be sure to keep the original hand-held transmitter
in case you need to erase and reprogram the
Universal Transmitter.
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Note to Canadian Owners: During programming, the
hand-held transmitter may automatically stop
transmitting after one or two seconds. In this case, you
should press and re-press the button on the hand-held
transmitter every two seconds without ever releasing the
button on the Universal Transmitter. Release both
buttons when the indicator light on the Universal
Transmitter begins to flash rapidly.
Operating the Universal Transmitter
Press and release the appropriate button on the Universal
Transmitter. The indicator light comes on while the
signal is being transmitted.
The Universal Transmitter is disabled when the VALET
lockout button inside the glove box is activated. For
more information, see “Valet Lockout Button” in
the Index.
If the hand-held transmitter appears to program the
Universal Transmitter but does not open your garage
door, and if the garage door opener was manufactured
after 1996, the garage door opener may have a “rolling
code” system. A rolling code system changes the code
of the garage door opener every time you open or close
the garage door.
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To determine if you have this system, press the button
on the Universal Transmitter that you have programmed
already. If the indicator light on the Universal
Transmitter flashes rapidly for two seconds and then
turns solid, the garage door opener has a rolling code
system. In a rolling code system, the garage door motor
head unit must be trained to the Universal Transmitter.
“Rolling Code” Programming (If Equipped)
If you have not previously programmed the hand-held
transmitter to the Universal Transmitter, see
“Programming the Universal Transmitter” listed
previously. If you have completed this programming
already, you now need to train the garage door opener
motor head unit to recognize the Universal Transmitter.
Refer to your garage door opener owner’s manual for
the proper transmitter training procedure for your garage
door opener brand.
1. Find the training button on the garage door opener
motor head unit. The exact location and color of the
button may vary by garage door opener brand. If you
have difficulty finding the training button, refer to
your garage door opener owner’s manual.
2. Press the training button on the garage door opener
motor head unit.
3. Return to the Universal Transmitter in your vehicle
and firmly press and release the Universal
Transmitter button you have already programmed for
two to three seconds. Press and release the button
again (you may need to do this step up to three
times) to make sure that the Universal Transmitter
has been trained to the garage door opener motor
head unit. Check that the training was successful.
The garage door opener should now recognize the
Universal Transmitter. You may either use the Universal
Transmitter or the hand-held transmitter to open the
garage door.
If after following these instructions, you still have
problems training the garage door opener, contact the
Universal Transmitter manufacturer at 1-800-355-3515.
Erasing Channels
To erase all three programmed channels, hold down the
two outside buttons until the indicator light begins to
flash (after 20 seconds). Release both buttons.
Accessories
Accessories for the Universal Transmitter are available
from the manufacturer of the unit. If you would like
additional information, please call 1-800-355-3515.
Note: Following this step, you have 30 seconds to
start Step 3.
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The Instrument Panel -- Your Information System
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The main components of the instrument panel are:
A. Air Outlets
H. Hood Release
B. Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
I. Horn
C. Instrument Panel Cluster
J. Audio Steering Wheel Controls
D. Radio (Audio System)
K. Shift Lever
E. Driver Information Center Control Buttons
L. Climate Control System
F. Lamp Controls
M. Glove Box
G. HVAC Steering Wheel Controls (or Cellular
Telephone Controls, If Equipped)
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Instrument Panel Cluster
The instrument panel cluster is designed to let you know at a glance how your vehicle is running. You’ll know
how fast you’re going, how much fuel you’re using and many of the other things you’ll need to know to drive safely
and economically.
United States version shown, Canada similar
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Speedometer and Odometer
Trip Odometer
The speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles
per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h). The
odometer shows how far your vehicle has been driven,
in either miles (used in the United States) or kilometers
(used in Canada).
You may wonder what happens if a vehicle has to have a
new odometer installed. The new one may read the
correct mileage. This is because your vehicle’s computer
has stored the mileage in memory.
By pressing this button,
you can tell how far
you’ve traveled since you
last set the trip odometer
back to zero.
For information on resetting this button, see “DIC
Controls and Displays” in the Index.
English/Metric Display
Press the SKIP INFO button until ENGLISH/METRIC
RESET displays and then press NO INFO RESET to select.
Note: Other readings such as temperature, fuel and trip
odometer also go back and forth between English
and metric.
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Vehicle Speed Limiter
This feature prevents your vehicle from exceeding
speeds that the tires are not rated for. When this
happens, the engine’s fuel supply is shut off. When the
vehicle speed slows, the fuel supply will come on again.
NOTICE:
Do not operate the engine with the tachometer in
the red area or engine damage may occur.
Tachometer
Engine Speed Limiter
This gage indicates the
engine speed in revolutions
per minute (RPM).
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This feature prevents the engine from operating at
too many revolutions per minute (RPM). When the
engine’s RPM are critically high, the fuel supply to the
engine is shut off. When the engine speed slows, the
fuel supply will come on again. This helps prevent
damage to the engine.
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Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages that
may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you
locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause an
expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to
your warning lights and gages could also save you or
others from injury.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you will
see in the details on the next few pages, some warning
lights come on briefly when you start the engine just to let
you know they’re working. If you are familiar with this
section, you should not be alarmed when this happens.
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages and
warning lights work together to let you know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on
when you are driving, or when one of the gages shows
there may be a problem, check the section that tells you
what to do about it. Please follow this manual’s advice.
Waiting to do repairs can be costly -- and even
dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights
and gages. They’re a big help.
Your vehicle also has a Driver Information Center that
works along with the warning lights and gages. See
“Driver Information Center” in the Index.
Safety Belt Reminder Light
When the key is turned to RUN or START, a chime will
come on for about eight seconds to remind people to
fasten their safety belts, unless the driver’s safety belt is
already buckled.
The safety belt light will
also come on and stay on
for about 20 seconds, then
it will flash for about
70 seconds.
If the driver’s belt is already buckled, neither the chime
nor the light will come on.
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Air Bag Readiness Light
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows AIR BAG. The system checks the
air bag’s electrical system for malfunctions. The light
tells you if there is an electrical problem. The system
check includes the air bag sensors, the air bag modules,
the wiring and the crash sensing and diagnostic module.
For more information on the air bag system, see “Air
Bag” in the Index.
This light will come on
when you start your engine,
and it will flash for a few
seconds. Then the light
should go out. This means
the system is ready.
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you start the
engine or comes on when you are driving, your air bag
system may not work properly. Have your vehicle
serviced right away.
The air bag readiness light should flash for a few
seconds when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there is a problem.
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Charging System Indicator Light
When you turn the ignition
key to RUN, this light will
come on briefly to show
that the generator and
battery charging systems
are working.
If this light stays on, you need service and you should
take your vehicle to the dealer at once. To save your
battery until you get there, turn off all accessories.
Brake System Warning Light
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided into
two parts. If one part isn’t working, the other part can
still work and stop you. For good braking, though, you
need both parts working well.
If the warning light comes on, there is a brake problem.
Have your brake system inspected right away.
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This light should come on
briefly when you turn the
ignition key to RUN. If it
doesn’t come on then,
have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there’s
a problem.
If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the
road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is
harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to the floor.
It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on, have the
vehicle towed for service. (See “Towing Your Vehicle”
in the Index.)
Parking Brake Indicator Light
This light comes on when
the parking brake is set, and
it will stay on if the parking
brake does not fully release.
If you try to drive with the
parking brake set, this light
will remain on.
This light should also come on briefly as you start the
vehicle. If it doesn’t, have the light fixed so it will be
ready to remind you if the parking brake has not fully
released. For more information on how to release the
parking brake, see “Parking Brake” in the Index.
CAUTION:
Your brake system may not be working properly
if the brake system warning light is on. Driving
with the brake system warning light on can lead
to an accident. If the light is still on after you’ve
pulled off the road and stopped carefully, have
the vehicle towed for service.
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Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light
With the anti-lock brake
system, the light(s) will
come on when you start
your engine and may stay
on for several seconds.
That’s normal.
Traction Control System Warning Light
This warning light should
come on briefly as you start
the engine. If the warning
light doesn’t come on then,
have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there’s
a problem.
If the light stays on, turn the ignition to OFF. Or, if the
light comes on when you’re driving, stop as soon as
possible and turn the ignition off. Then start the engine
again to reset the system. If the light still stays on, or
comes on again while you’re driving, your vehicle needs
service. If the regular brake system warning light isn’t
on, you still have brakes, but you don’t have anti-lock
brakes. If the regular brake system warning light is also
on, you don’t have anti-lock brakes and there’s a
problem with your regular brakes. See “Brake System
Warning Light” earlier in this section.
If it stays on, or comes on when you’re driving, there
may be a problem with your traction control system and
your vehicle may need service. When this warning light
is on, the system will not limit wheel spin. Adjust your
driving accordingly.
The anti-lock brake system warning light should come
on briefly when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there is a problem.
D If the traction control system is affected by an
engine-related problem, the system will turn off and
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The traction control system warning light may come on
for the following reasons:
D If there’s a brake system problem that is specifically
related to traction control, the traction control system
will turn off and the warning light will come on.
the warning light will come on.
If the traction control system warning light comes on
and stays on for an extended period of time when the
system is turned on, your vehicle needs service.
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Engine Coolant Temperature
Warning Light
This light tells you that the
engine has overheated. You
should stop your vehicle
and turn the engine off as
soon as possible. A warning
chime should also sound if
this light comes on.
As a check, the light should come on for a few seconds
when you start your engine. See “Engine Overheating”
in the Index.
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
This gage shows the
engine coolant temperature.
If the gage pointer moves
into the red area, the engine
is too hot.
That reading means the same thing as the warning
light -- the engine coolant has overheated. See “Engine
Overheating” in the Index.
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Malfunction Indicator Lamp
(Service Engine Soon Light)
Your vehicle is equipped
with a computer which
monitors operation of the
fuel, ignition and emission
control systems.
This system is called OBD II (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended to assure
that emissions are at acceptable levels for the life of the
vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner environment. The
SERVICE ENGINE SOON light comes on and a chime
will sound to indicate that there is a problem and service
is required. Malfunctions often will be indicated by the
system before any problem is apparent. This may prevent
more serious damage to your vehicle. This system is also
designed to assist your service technician in correctly
diagnosing any malfunction.
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NOTICE:
If you keep driving your vehicle with this light
on, after a while, your emission controls may not
work as well, your fuel economy may not be as
good and your engine may not run as smoothly.
This could lead to costly repairs that may not be
covered by your warranty.
NOTICE:
Modifications made to the engine, transaxle,
exhaust or fuel system of your vehicle or the
replacement of the original tires with other than
those of the same Tire Performance Criteria
(TPC) can affect your vehicle’s emission controls
and may cause the SERVICE ENGINE SOON
light to come on. Modifications to these systems
could lead to costly repairs not covered by your
warranty. This may also result in a failure to pass
a required Emission Inspection/Maintenance test.
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This light should come on, as a check to show you it is
working, when the ignition is on and the engine is not
running. If the light doesn’t come on, have it repaired.
This light will also come on during a malfunction in one
of two ways:
D Light Flashing -- A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions and
may damage the emission control system on your
vehicle. Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis
and service may be required.
D Light On Steady -- An emission control system
malfunction has been detected on your vehicle.
Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis and
service may be required.
If the Light Is Flashing
The following may prevent more serious damage to
your vehicle:
D
D
D
D
Reducing vehicle speed.
Avoiding hard accelerations.
Avoiding steep uphill grades.
If you are towing a trailer, reduce the amount of
cargo being hauled as soon as it is possible.
If the light stops flashing and remains on steady, see “If
the Light Is On Steady” following.
If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to do so,
stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park your vehicle.
Turn the key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart the
engine. If the light remains on steady, see “If the Light
Is On Steady” following. If the light is still flashing,
follow the previous steps, and drive the vehicle to your
dealer or qualified service center for service.
If the Light Is On Steady
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully install
the cap. See “Filling Your Tank” in the Index. The
diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap has been
left off or improperly installed. A loose or missing fuel
cap will allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere. A
few driving trips with the cap properly installed should
turn the light off.
Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition
will usually be corrected when the electrical system
dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.
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Are you low on fuel?
Oil Pressure Light
As your engine starts to run out of fuel, your engine may
not run as efficiently as designed since small amounts of
air are sucked into the fuel line causing a misfire. The
system can detect this. Adding fuel should correct this
condition. Make sure to install the fuel cap properly. See
“Filling Your Tank” in the Index. It will take a few
driving trips to turn the light off.
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel (see
“Fuel” in the Index). Poor fuel quality will cause your
engine not to run as efficiently as designed. You may
notice this as stalling after start-up, stalling when you put
the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation on acceleration
or stumbling on acceleration. (These conditions may go
away once the engine is warmed up.) This will be detected
by the system and cause the light to turn on.
If you experience one or more of these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use. It will require at least one
full tank of the proper fuel to turn the light off.
If none of the above steps have made the light turn off,
have your dealer or qualified service center check the
vehicle. Your dealer has the proper test equipment and
diagnostic tools to fix any mechanical or electrical
problems that may have developed.
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This light tells you if there
could be a problem with
your engine oil pressure.
The light goes on when you turn your key to RUN or
START. It goes off once you start your engine. That’s a
check to be sure the light works. If it doesn’t come on,
be sure to have it fixed so it will be there to warn you if
something goes wrong.
When the light comes on and stays on, it means that oil isn’t
flowing through your engine properly. You could be low on
oil and you might have some other system problem.
CAUTION:
Don’t keep driving if the oil pressure is low. If you
do, your engine can become so hot that it catches
fire. You or others could be burned. Check your oil
as soon as possible and have your vehicle serviced.
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Here are a few concerns some owners have had about
the fuel gage. All of these situations are normal and do
not indicate that anything is wrong with the fuel gage.
NOTICE:
Damage to your engine from neglected oil
problems can be costly and is not covered by
your warranty.
D At the gas station the gas pump shuts off before the
gage reads F.
D It takes more (or less) gas to fill the tank than the
gage said. For example, the gage read half a tank, but
it took more (or less) than the tank’s remaining
capacity to fill it.
Fuel Gage
The fuel gage shows
approximately how much
fuel is in the tank. It works
only when the ignition is
in RUN.
D The gage may change when you turn, stop or
speed up.
Fuel Data Display
Everything you need to know about the fuel economy
and how far you can travel with your vehicle’s
remaining fuel is displayed. Fuel data can be obtained
by pressing the SKIP INFO button. See “DIC Controls
and Displays” later in this section.
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Driver Information Center (DIC)
This display gives you the status of many of your
vehicle’s systems. The DIC is also used to display driver
personalization features and warning/status messages.
DIC Controls and Displays
NO INFO RESET: Pressing this button will reset the
MPG AVG, GAL FUEL USED, AVG MPH, TIMER,
OIL LIFE LEFT and ENGLISH/METRIC RESET.
Pressing NO INFO RESET when a non-resettable
display appears will cause a “recall” mode to occur.
When this happens, all Driver Information Center (DIC)
warning messages that have been displayed since the
ignition key was turned to RUN will redisplay. If no
messages were displayed, a MONITORED SYSTEMS
OK message will appear.
SKIP INFO: Pressing this button repeatedly will
display the RANGE, MPG AVG, MPG INST, GAL
FUEL USED, AVG MPH, TIMER, BATTERY VOLTS,
OIL LIFE LEFT and ENGLISH/METRIC RESET.
YES TRIP RESET: By using this button, you can tell
how far you’ve gone since you last set the YES TRIP
RESET back to zero. To reset, press and hold this
button until zeros appear. If your vehicle is domestic,
the trip odometer will return to zero after 999.9 miles
(1 609 km). If your vehicle is Canadian, the trip
odometer will return to zero after 1 999.9 km
(1,242 miles).
FUEL DOOR: Press this button to open the fuel
door. (This feature will work only when the shift lever
is in PARK (P) regardless of whether or not the vehicle
is running.)
TRUNK: Press this button to open the trunk.
(This feature will work only when the shift lever is
in PARK (P) regardless of whether or not the vehicle
is running.)
MPG AVG (Reset): Press the SKIP INFO button
to display the MPG AVG (Average Fuel Economy),
then press and hold the NO INFO RESET button until
0.0 MPG AVG is displayed.
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GAL FUEL USED (Reset): Press the SKIP INFO
button to display the GAL FUEL USED on the Driver
Information Center (DIC), then press and hold the NO
INFO RESET button until 0.0 GAL FUEL USED
is displayed.
OIL LIFE LEFT (Reset): Press the SKIP INFO button
to display the OIL LIFE LEFT, then press and hold the
NO INFO RESET button until 100% OIL LIFE LEFT is
displayed. (This only needs to be reset after you have
had the oil changed.)
AVG MPH (Reset): Press the SKIP INFO button to
display the AVG MPH (Average Speed), then press and
hold the NO INFO RESET button until 0.0 AVG MPH
is displayed.
ENGLISH/METRIC (Reset): Press the SKIP INFO
button to display ENGLISH/METRIC RESET, then
press the NO INFO RESET button to select. The display
will change from English (miles) to metric (kilometers).
TIMER: This feature is like a stopwatch, in that
you can clock the time it takes to get from one point
to another.
DIC Messages
To operate, press the SKIP INFO button to display
TIMER. Each of the fields for the hours, minutes and
seconds are two numeric digits.
Once TIMER OFF 00:00:00 is displayed, press the NO
INFO RESET button to start the timing feature. Press
the NO INFO RESET button again to stop it. If you will
be starting and stopping your vehicle -- during a trip for
instance -- the TIMER feature will automatically start
timing where it left off when you last stopped. To reset
it, press and hold the NO INFO RESET button until the
display reads TIMER 00:00:00. Press the SKIP INFO
button to exit from the TIMER function.
These messages will appear if there is a problem sensed
in one of your vehicle’s systems. Vehicles that are first
sold in Canada will have a number after each message.
This number helps to identify the message which is only
displayed in English.
APPLY BRAKE TO SHIFT - 46: This message
will appear if your vehicle is in PARK (P) for about
15 seconds and the brake is not pressed. To remove this
message from the DIC display, hold the OFF and the
blue (cooler) buttons on the digital cluster control panel
for about five seconds. On the analog climate control
panel, press the OFF button (next to the MODE button)
and the down arrow on the PASS TEMP button for
about five seconds. Hold the same two buttons to
display the message again.
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BATTERY NOT CHARGING - 7: This message will
appear if the battery is not being charged. Have the
electrical system checked by your dealership at your
earliest convenience.
BATTERY VOLTAGE HIGH - 8: This message
shows that the electrical charging system is
overcharging (more than 16 volts). To avoid being
stranded, have the electrical system checked by your
dealership. You can reduce the charging overload by
using the accessories. Turn on the lamps and radio, set
the climate control on AUTO and the fan speed on HI,
and turn the rear window defogger on. You can monitor
battery voltage on the DIC by pressing the SKIP INFO
button. The normal range is 11.5 to 15.5 volts when the
engine is running.
BATTERY VOLTAGE LOW - 6: This message will
appear when the electrical system is charging less than
10 volts or if the battery has been drained. If this
message appears immediately after starting, it is possible
that the generator can still recharge the battery. The
battery should recharge and may take a few hours to do
so. Consider using an auxiliary charger to boost the
battery after returning home or to a final destination.
(Be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions when
using a battery charger.)
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If this message appears and stays on while driving or
after starting your vehicle, have it checked immediately
to determine the cause of this problem. To help the
generator recharge the battery quickly, you can reduce
the load on the electrical system by turning off the
accessories. You can monitor battery voltage on the DIC
by pressing the SKIP INFO button. The normal range
is 11.5 to 15.5 volts.
BRAKE VACUUM PROBLEM -108: The circuit in
the brake booster vacuum has shorted or is loose when
this message appears. Your vehicle may lose power
brakes but you will still have the use of manual brakes.
The power brakes will not be affected if the problem is
caused by a failed sensor. Have your vehicle serviced
immediately at your dealership.
CHANGE ENGINE OIL - 82: This means that the life
of the engine oil has expired and it should be changed
within 200 miles (322 km). See “Engine Oil” and “Filter
Recommendations” in the Maintenance Schedule booklet.
After an oil change, the Oil Life Indicator must be reset.
See “Oil Life Indicator, How to Reset” in the Index.
CHANGE TRANS FLUID - 47: This message will
appear when it is time to replace the transaxle fluid. See
the Maintenance Schedule booklet for the proper fluid
and change intervals.
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CHECK BRAKE FLUID LEVEL - 37: This message
will display if the ignition is in RUN to inform the
driver that the brake fluid level is low. Check the brake
reservoir level and add fluid as needed. Have the brake
system serviced by a technician as soon as possible. If
the brake warning light is on, follow the directions in
that part.
CHECK COOLANT LEVEL - 2: This message
will appear when there is a low level of engine coolant.
Have the cooling system serviced by a technician as
soon as possible.
CHECK FUEL GAUGE - 39: This message
will appear when the fuel supply is less than 4 gallons
(15.2 L) and the display is turned off (digital clusters
only). A single chime will also sound when this message
is displayed.
CHECK GAS CAP - 61: This message will appear if
the gas cap has not been fully tightened. You should
recheck your gas cap to ensure that it’s fully tightened.
CHECK OIL LEVEL - 36: For correct operation of
the low oil sensing system, your vehicle should be on a
level surface. A false CHECK OIL LEVEL message
may appear if the vehicle is parked on grades. The oil
level sensing system does not check for actual oil level
if the engine has been off for a short period of time, and
the oil level is never sensed while the engine is running.
If the CHECK OIL LEVEL message appears and your
vehicle has been parked on level ground with the engine
off for at least 30 minutes, the oil level should be
checked by observing the oil dipstick. Prior to checking
the oil level, be sure the engine has been off for five
minutes and your vehicle is on a level surface. Then
check the dipstick and add oil if necessary. See “Engine
Oil” in the Index.
CHECK WASHER FLUID - 25: This message will
appear for several seconds indicating that you need
windshield washer solvent.
CRUISE ENGAGED - 43: This message will
appear for a few seconds when you select a speed at
which to cruise.
DOOR AJAR - 141: A door other than the driver’s
is open or ajar when this message appears. The
vehicle’s engine must be running and the transaxle
not in PARK (P) for this message to display. A chime
will also sound when the vehicle’s speed is greater than
5 mph (8 km/h).
DRIVER DOOR AJAR - 140: This message
will display when the vehicle is being shifted out of
PARK (P) with the engine running to signal that the
driver’s door is open or ajar. A chime will also sound
when the vehicle’s speed is greater than 5 mph (8 km/h).
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ENGINE COOLANT HOT, IDLE ENGINE - 44:
This message will appear when the engine coolant
temperature is over 248_F (126_C). To avoid added
strain on a hot engine, turn off the climate control
system. Stop and allow your vehicle to idle until it cools
down or the message is removed. If it does not cool
down, turn off the engine and have it serviced before
driving it again. Severe engine damage can result from
an overheated engine. See “Engine Overheating” in
the Index.
ENGINE HOT - A/C OFF - 16: This message
displays when the engine coolant becomes hotter than
the normal operating temperature. To avoid added strain
on a hot engine, the air conditioning compressor is
automatically turned off so that air conditioned air is not
delivered. If the coolant temperature returns to normal,
you must select AC to return to a normal A/C
compressor operation. If this message continues to
appear, have the system repaired as soon as possible to
avoid compressor damage.
ENGINE MISFIRE -- EASE OFF GAS
PEDAL - 114: An engine misfire has occurred.
You’ll need to ease off the gas pedal.
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ENGINE OVERHEATED, STOP ENGINE - 42:
This message will appear when the engine has
overheated. Stop and turn the engine off immediately to
avoid severe engine damage. See “Engine Overheating”
in the Index. A multiple chime will also sound when this
message is displayed.
ENGINE POWER REDUCED - 41: This message
informs you that your vehicle is reducing engine power
because the transaxle is being placed in gear under
conditions that may cause damage to the vehicle
powertrain or vehicle acceleration.
FUEL LEVEL LOW - 11: This message serves as a
warning that the fuel level in the tank is critically low.
Stop for fuel soon.
HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED - 23: If it’s dark
enough outside and the Twilight Sentinel control is off,
a HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED message will display
on the DIC. This message informs the driver that turning
on the exterior lamps is recommended even though the
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) are still illuminated
(it’s become dark enough outside to require the
headlamps and/or other exterior lamps).
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ICE POSSIBLE - 13: This message appears when
the outside air temperature is cold enough to create icy
road conditions.
LOW REFRIG A/C OFF - 12: This message means
that the air conditioning system detects a refrigerant
level that is low enough to cause damage to the air
conditioning compressor. Have the air conditioning
system serviced if this message appears.
MONITORED SYSTEMS OK - 1: This message only
appears in the “recall” mode by pressing the NO INFO
RESET button. It lets you know that no other messages
are stored or currently active.
OIL PRESSURE LOW STOP ENGINE - 35: If this
message appears while the engine is running, stop the
engine and do not operate it until the cause of low oil
pressure is corrected. Severe damage to the engine can
result. A multiple chime will also sound when this
message is displayed.
OPTIONS NOT SET - 99: This message will display if
a fault has occurred in your vehicle’s memory. Have
your vehicle serviced by your dealership.
PROGRAM PASS KEY - 31: This warning message
displays when the PASS-KeyR II pellet information has
not been programmed into your vehicle. See your
dealership for service.
PHONE NOT PRESENT - 126: This message will
appear when the steering wheel controls for the optional
phone system are activated but the phone is not plugged
into the vehicle. Make sure your phone is plugged in. If
your phone appears to be connected, see your dealership
for service.
REMOVE KEY - 70: This message will appear when
the Personalized Automotive Security System
(PASS-KeyR II) is unable to read the pellet on the
ignition key or an improper key pellet has been inserted.
This message usually appears following the display of
STARTING DISABLED REMOVE KEY. The
instrument panel cluster will then run a timer and
change the messages to WAIT 3 MINUTES, WAIT
2 MINUTES, WAIT 1 MINUTE and then START CAR.
When the REMOVE KEY message is displayed, remove
the ignition key. Check the ignition key for damage. If it
is damaged, it may need to be replaced. If you see no
damage, clean the pellet contacts with a soft cloth or
napkin before inserting the key back into the ignition.
Have your vehicle serviced if the message still appears.
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SERVICE A/C SYSTEM - 14: This message appears
when the electronic sensors that control the air
conditioning and heating systems are no longer working.
Have the climate control system serviced if you notice a
drop in heating and air conditioning efficiency.
SERVICE AIR BAG - 83: There is a problem with the
Supplemental Inflatable Restraint (air bag) system when
this message appears. Let only a qualified technician
work on your vehicle. See your dealership for service
at once.
SERVICE BRAKE FLUID SWITCH - 37: A problem
in the brake fluid detection circuit causes this message
to display if the ignition is in RUN. Have the brake
system serviced by a technician as soon as possible. If
the brake warning light is on, refer to the directions
listed in that part.
SERVICE CHARGING SYSTEM - 102: This
message will display when a problem with the charging
system has been detected. Have your vehicle serviced at
your dealership.
SERVICE ELECTRIC SYS - 106: This message will
display if an electrical problem has occurred within the
Powertrain Control Module (PCM). Have your vehicle
serviced by your dealership.
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SERVICE FUEL SYSTEM - 101: The PCM has
detected a problem within the fuel system when this
message appears. See your dealership for service.
SERVICE IDLE CONTROL - 107: A problem
with the idle control has occurred when this
message displays. Drive your vehicle to the
dealership for service.
SERVICE RIDE SYS - 84: This message is displayed
to indicate that the suspension system is not operating
properly. To correct this problem, have your vehicle
serviced at your dealership.
SERVICE STEERING SYS - 127: This message is
displayed when a problem has been detected in the
MagnasteerR variable effort steering system. Service is
required. A single chime will also sound when this
message is displayed.
SERVICE TRANSMISSION - 100: If a problem is
detected with the transaxle, this message will appear.
Have your vehicle checked by your dealership.
SERVICE VEHICLE SOON - 3: If a problem is
detected with the transaxle, this message will appear.
Have your vehicle checked by your dealership.
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SERV STABILITY SYS - 54 : If you ever see the
SERV STABILITY SYS message, it means there may
be a problem with your stability enhancement system. If
you see this message, try to reset the system (stop; turn
off the engine; then start the engine again). If the SERV
STABILITY SYS message still comes on, it means there
is a problem. You should see your dealer for service.
Reduce your speed and drive accordingly.
STABILITY ENGAGED - 55 : You may see the
STABILITY ENGAGED message on the Driver
Information Center. It means that an advanced,
computer-controlled system has come on to help your
vehicle continue to go in the direction in which you’re
steering. This stability enhancement system activates
when the computer senses that your vehicle is just
starting to spin, as it might if you hit a patch of ice or
other slippery spot on the road. When the system is on,
you may hear a noise or feel a vibration in the brake
pedal. This is normal.
When the STABILITY ENGAGED message is on, you
should continue to steer in the direction you want to go.
The system is designed to help you in bad weather or
other difficult driving situations by making the most of
whatever road conditions will permit. If the STABILITY
ENGAGED message comes on, you’ll know that
something has caused your vehicle to start to spin, so
you should consider slowing down.
A single chime will also sound when this message
is displayed.
STARTING DISABLED REMOVE KEY - 33: This
message will appear when the Personalized Automotive
Security System (PASS-KeyR II) senses that an
improper ignition key is being used to try to start the
vehicle. Check the ignition key for damage. If it is
damaged, it may need to be replaced. If you see no
damage, clean the pellet contacts with a soft cloth or
napkin. Remove the ignition key and wait for the DIC to
display WAIT 3 MINUTES. The instrument panel
cluster will then run a timer and change the messages to
WAIT 2 MINUTES, WAIT 1 MINUTE and then
START CAR. When the START CAR message is
displayed, try again to start the engine.
THEFT SYSTEM PROBLEM, CAR MAY NOT
RESTART - 34: This message means there is a problem
in the Personalized Automotive Security System
(PASS-KeyR II). A fault has been detected in the system
which means that the PASS-KeyR II system is disabled
and is not protecting the vehicle. The vehicle usually
restarts, however, you may want to take your vehicle to a
proper service center before turning off the engine.
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TOP SPEED FUEL OFF - 111: This message will
appear when the PCM senses that the maximum speed
for your vehicle has been reached. The speed of your
vehicle will decrease several mph as the fuel supply is
cut off. This allows your vehicle to stay in a stable
operating range.
TRACTION ENGAGED - 91 : When your traction
control system is limiting wheel spin, the TRACTION
ENGAGED message will be displayed. Slippery road
conditions may exist if this message is displayed, so
adjust your driving accordingly. This message will stay
on for a few seconds after the traction control system
stops limiting wheel spin.
TRACTION OFF - 89: This message will be displayed
after the traction control has been turned off.
TRACTION READY - 90: This message informs the
driver that the traction control system is available. This
occurs when the traction on/off button in the glove box
has been returned to an on position (pressing the button
once turns the traction control system off: pressing the
button again turns the system back on). This message
also self cancels after five seconds.
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TRACTION SUSPENDED - 56: This message
displays when the traction control system has been
temporarily shut off because your vehicle’s brakes
have overheated. This message does not indicate a
problem with your vehicle’s traction control system.
After a few minutes, the traction control system will be
available again and the TRACTION READY message
will appear.
TRANS FLUID RESET - 48: With the engine
not running and the ignition on, press and hold the
OFF and rear defog buttons until the TRANS FLUID
RESET message appears on the DIC (between five
and 20 seconds).
TRANS HOT IDLE ENG - 112: This message
indicates that the transaxle fluid in your vehicle is too
hot. Stop and allow your vehicle to idle until it cools
down or until this message is removed.
TRUNK OPEN - 24: This message indicates that the
trunk is open when your vehicle’s ignition is in RUN.
TURN SIGNAL ON - 20: This message is a reminder,
after driving about 1 mile (1.6 km/h), that you have the
turn signal on. A multiple chime will also sound when
this message is displayed.
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VEHICLE OVERSPEED - 52: A failure in the
suspension control system has occurred when this
message appears. The Powertrain Control Module (PCM)
determines the speed your vehicle is limited to.
Have your vehicle serviced if this message appears.
VEHICLE SPEED LIMITED TO XXX MPH
(KM/H) - 113: A failure in the suspension control
system has occurred when this message appears. The
Powertrain Control Module (PCM) determines the speed
your vehicle is limited to. Have your vehicle serviced if
this message appears. (The XXX indicates the speed
your vehicle is limited to.)
Memory and Personalization Features
(If Equipped)
Your vehicle may be equipped with the following
features that can be individually programmed,
memorized or personalized for up to two drivers. For
a brief description of each feature, see each feature in
the Index.
Memory Seat and Mirrors
To begin programming,
adjust the driver’s seat
(including lumbar
adjustments) and both
outside mirrors to a
comfortable position
and then press the
SET button. Within five
seconds, press button “1.”
A second mirror and seating position may be
programmed by repeating the above steps and pressing
button “2” instead of button 1. Note that each time a
memory button is pressed, a single beep will sound
through the left front speaker.
If your vehicle is in PARK (P), you can recall mirror and
seating positions by briefly pressing button 1 or 2. This
will adjust the seat and mirrors to where you have
previously programmed them. If you have accidentally
pressed one of the memory recall buttons and want to stop
seat or mirror movement, press one of the manual seat or
mirror control buttons. This cancels a memory recall.
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You can also recall a seat and mirror position if your
vehicle is not in PARK (P). Press and hold either the
1 or 2 button until seat and mirror movement is
complete. Releasing the buttons will stop adjustment.
The EXIT button can be programmed to allow easy exit
for up to two drivers. Adjust the seat to a comfortable
“exit” position and then press the SET button followed
by the EXIT button. While your vehicle is in PARK (P),
briefly press the EXIT button to recall your programmed
exit position.
Programmable Automatic Door Locks
Your vehicle’s ignition must be in RUN. To begin
programming, press and hold the SKIP INFO and NO
INFO RESET buttons at the same time to display the
following prompts.
DOORS LOCK IN GEAR: All doors automatically
lock when shifted out of PARK (P). No automatic
door unlock.
DRIVR UNLOCK IN PARK: All doors automatically
lock when shifted out of PARK (P). Only the driver’s
door automatically unlocks when shifted into PARK (P).
DRIVR UNLOCK KEY OFF: All doors automatically
lock when shifted out of PARK (P). Only the driver’s
door automatically unlocks when the ignition key is
turned to OFF.
DOORS UNLOCK IN PARK: All doors automatically
lock when shifted out of PARK (P) and unlock when
shifting into PARK (P).
DOORS UNLOCK KEY OFF: All doors
automatically lock when shifted out of PARK (P). All
doors automatically unlock when the ignition key is
turned to OFF.
A “yes” or “no” response must be made after each
prompt is displayed in order to continue on to the next
prompt or personalization feature. Press the YES TRIP
RESET button to choose yes, press the NO INFO
RESET button to choose no or press the SKIP INFO
button to “skip” to the next personalization feature.
FEATURE ON appears when a yes response is made
and FEATURE OFF appears with a no response.
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If a no response is made after the DOORS LOCK IN
GEAR prompt is displayed, FEATURE OFF will appear.
The automatic door locking system has been disabled
and no other door lock messages will be displayed.
LGHTS FLSH AT UNLOCK, which is the next
available personalization feature to display, will appear
next. See “Lock/Unlock Confirmation” in the Index for
more information.
If a yes response is made after the DOORS LOCK IN
GEAR prompt is displayed, FEATURE ON appears.
The automatic door locking system is enabled and
allows the DRIVR UNLOCK IN PARK prompt to
appear. Choosing this prompt advances you to LGHTS
FLSH AT UNLOCK whereas a no response will display
the DRIVR UNLOCK KEY OFF prompt.
If DRIVR UNLOCK KEY OFF is chosen, FEATURE
ON appears. You will advance to the LGHTS FLSH AT
UNLOCK prompt. If you don’t choose this prompt,
FEATURE OFF appears as well as the next
prompt -- DOORS UNLOCK IN PARK. If this prompt
is chosen, FEATURE ON appears. If a no response was
made, DOORS UNLOCK KEY OFF will appear. At this
point, a yes or no response automatically brings up the
LGHTS FLSH AT UNLOCK feature.
Lock/Unlock Confirmation
This personalization feature allows the driver to
program the parking lamps to blink when the lock or
unlock buttons on the remote keyless entry transmitter
are pressed, to program the horn to sound when the lock
button is pressed and/or to program the exterior lamps to
turn on when the unlock button is pressed. Press the
YES TRIP RESET button to answer yes, press the NO
INFO RESET button to indicate no or press the SKIP
INFO button to skip to the next personalization feature.
To begin programming, your vehicle’s ignition must be
in RUN. Press and hold the SKIP INFO and NO INFO
RESET buttons at the same time to display the
following prompts. LOCK/UNLOCK confirmation is
the second feature to appear. To skip past the first
personalization feature, press the SKIP INFO button.
LGHTS FLSH AT UNLOCK: Parking lamps blink
twice when the unlock button on the remote keyless
entry transmitter is pressed.
LIGHTS FLASH AT LOCK: Parking lamps blink
once when the lock button on the remote keyless entry
transmitter is pressed.
HORN SOUNDS AT LOCK: Horn sounds when
the lock button on the remote keyless entry transmitter
is pressed.
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EXT LIGHTS AT UNLOCK: Exterior lamps (parking
lamps, taillamps, sidemarker lamps, license plate lamps,
low-beam headlamps, etc.) turn on when the unlock
button on the remote keyless entry transmitter is pressed
and it is dark outside. These lamps stay on for about 20
seconds or until the key is turned OFF.
The prompts listed here appear in the same order as
displayed on the DIC. FEATURE ON appears when a
yes response is made and FEATURE OFF appears with
a no response. To skip to the next personalization feature
(REMOTE RECALL MEMORY), press the
SKIP INFO button.
Remote Recall Memory (If Equipped with
Memory Personalization)
Memory settings that have been previously programmed
(climate control settings, radio preset settings, exterior
lighting choices, remote confirmation choices and
programmable automatic door lock choices) can be
recalled by using the remote keyless entry transmitter or
by placing the key in your vehicle’s ignition.
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Before you begin programming, make sure that your
vehicle’s ignition is in RUN. To begin programming,
press the SKIP INFO and NO INFO RESET buttons at
the same time for about two seconds. As mentioned,
remote recall memory is the third feature to appear. To
skip past the first two personalization features, press the
SKIP INFO button.
When REMOTE RECALL MEMORY appears, the
driver is able to recall memory settings when the unlock
button on the remote keyless entry transmitter is
pressed. Press the YES TRIP RESET button to select or
press the NO INFO RESET button to answer no and to
continue on to the next prompt. FEATURE ON displays
when a yes response is made.
If a no response was made, the KEY IN RECALL
MEMORY prompt will show next. This choice recalls
memory settings when the key is placed in your
vehicle’s ignition. FEATURE ON displays for a yes
response, and FEATURE OFF for a no response. A yes
or no response is required.
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Curb View Assist Mirror (If Equipped
with Memory)
If your vehicle has this personalization feature,
MIRROR TILT IN REV will be the fourth
personalization prompt to display on the DIC.
To program your vehicle, press the SKIP INFO and NO
INFO RESET buttons at the same time for about two
seconds. When MIRROR TILT IN REV appears, a yes
or no response is needed. Press the YES TRIP RESET
button to answer yes or the NO INFO RESET button to
answer no.
FEATURE ON displays when a yes response is made
and FEATURE OFF shows after a no response. If you
do not want this feature, press the SKIP INFO button to
skip to the next personalization feature which is
STORAGE MODE.
Storage Mode Personalization
Before you begin programming, make sure that your
vehicle’s ignition is in RUN. To begin programming,
press the SKIP INFO and NO INFO RESET buttons at
the same time for about two seconds. The first message
to appear is DOORS LOCK IN GEAR. Press the SKIP
INFO button after this prompt is displayed until
STORAGE MODE prompt appears on the Driver
Information Center (DIC). Press the YES TRIP RESET
button to answer yes or press the NO INFO RESET
button to indicate a no response.
FEATURE ON appears when a yes response is made
and FEATURE OFF shows when a no response is made.
Since this is the last personalization feature available, a
yes or no response will end out of the DIC display.
Once the battery guard has been programmed, your
vehicle will enter the storage mode about 20 minutes
after the ignition key has been turned off.
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Your vehicle will stay in the storage mode until the
ignition key is turned out of LOCK. The system will
“wake-up” when the door key is inserted into the door,
however, your vehicle will remain in the storage mode.
The ignition must be out of LOCK before the battery
guard is disabled.
Oil Life Indicator
Comfort Controls and Radio System Personalization
These features allow both drivers to personalize their
own climate control settings as well as their radio
settings. For more information, see “Climate Control
Personalization” and “Radio Personalization” in
the Index.
Continuous Variable Road Sensing
Suspension (CVRSS) (ETC Only)
The CVRSS automatically adjusts the ride of your
vehicle. Automatic ride control is achieved through a
computer used to control and monitor the suspension
system. The controller receives input from various
sensors to determine the proper system response. If the
controller detects a problem within the system, the
Driver Information Center (DIC) will display a
SERVICE RIDE CONTROL message. If this message
appears, have your vehicle serviced at your dealership.
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This feature lets you know when to change the engine
oil. It’s based on the engine oil temperatures and your
driving patterns. To see the display, press the SKIP
INFO button several times until XX OIL LIFE LEFT
appears. If you see 99% OIL LIFE LEFT, 99 percent of
your current oil life remains.
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The Driver Information Center (DIC) may display a
CHANGE ENGINE OIL message. Always keep a
written record of the mileage and date when you
changed your oil. For more information, see the
Maintenance Schedule booklet. If you see CHANGE
ENGINE OIL, it means that you have no oil life left and
you should change your engine oil right away.
The system should indicate changing the oil between
3,000 miles (5 000 km) and 7,500 miles (12 500 km).
It may indicate changing the oil before 3,000 miles
(5 000 km) depending on your driving habits. If the
vehicle has been driven 7,500 miles (12 500 km), it will
indicate to change the oil. If you drive in a dusty area,
you should change your oil every 3,000 miles
(5 000 km) or three months (whichever comes first)
unless the display indicates changing it sooner. See
“Engine Oil, When to Change” in the Index. The
system doesn’t check how much oil you have, so you’ll
still have to check for that. To see how, see “Engine Oil”
in the Index.
When the oil is changed, you’ll need to reset the system.
See “Oil Life Indicator, How to Reset” in the Index.
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NOTES
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Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
In this section, you’ll find out how to operate the comfort control and audio systems offered with your vehicle. Be
sure to read about the particular systems supplied with your vehicle.
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Comfort Controls
Climate Control Panel
Electronic Solar Sensor
Air Conditioning
Heating
Defrosting
Rear Window Defogger
Ventilation System
HVAC Steering Wheel Controls
Climate Control Personalization (If Equipped)
Audio Systems
Setting the Clock
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
Compact Disc Player with Radio Data
Systems (RDS) and Digital Signal Processing
(DPS) (If Equipped)
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Radio Data Systems (RDS) Program Type
(PTY) Selections
CD Adapter Kits
Trunk-Mounted CD Changer (If Equipped)
Radio Personalization with Home and Away
Feature (If Equipped)
Theft-Deterrent Feature
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
Understanding Radio Reception
Tips About Your Audio System
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
Care of Your Compact Discs
Care of Your Compact Disc Player
Power Antenna Mast Care
3-
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Comfort Controls
Driver’s Side Temperature Knob
This section tells you how to make your air system work
for you. Your Electronic Climate Control (ECC) system
uses ozone-friendly R-134a refrigerant.
The TEMP/AUTO knob adjusts the air temperature coming
through the system. Turn the TEMP/AUTO knob clockwise
to increase the temperature and counterclockwise to decrease
the temperature. Press the TEMP/AUTO knob to put the
system in the automatic mode.
With the ECC system, you can control the heating,
cooling and ventilation in your vehicle. Your vehicle
also has a flow-through ventilation system described
later in this section.
Climate Control Panel
Passenger’s Side Temperature Button
With this dual-zone feature, the right front passenger
can control the temperature of air for his/her own zone.
The passenger can select a four degree warmer or cooler
temperature from the driver’s setting. To turn the system
on, press the PASS/TEMP button. Press the up arrow to
increase the temperature and press the down arrow to
decrease the climate setting. Pressing the OFF button
will turn off the dual-zone function.
Outside Temperature Display
Fan Button
The button with the fan symbol adjusts the fan speed.
Press the up arrow to increase fan speed and the down
arrow to decrease fan speed.
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The outside temperature is always displayed when your
vehicle is running. You can change it from Fahrenheit to
Celsius by pressing the SKIP INFO button (above the
radio) until ENGLISH/METRIC RESET displays. Once
displayed, press the NO INFO RESET button to select.
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The outside temperature sensor is located near the front
grille. The sensor can be affected by road or engine heat
during idling, slow driving or when the engine is first
started after a short trip. In order to ensure proper
automatic climate control operation, the outside air
temperature display may not update as quickly as
expected. This is to allow the air surrounding the outside
temperature sensor to be as close to the actual outside
conditions as possible. This is determined by how much
time has elapsed since the vehicle has been turned off
and by vehicle speed.
Mode Button
Press the MODE button to deliver air through the floor,
middle or windshield outlets. The system will stay in the
selected mode until the MODE button is pressed again.
Press the up or down arrow to cycle through the
available modes.
Automatic Operation
When the system is set for automatic operation, sensors
will control the air delivery mode. Air will come from
the floor, middle or windshield outlets. The fan speed
will vary as the system maintains the selected
temperature setting.
Be careful not to put anything over the solar sensor
located in the middle of the instrument panel near the
windshield. This sensor is used by the automatic system
to regulate temperature.
To find your comfort zone, start with the 75_F (24_C)
setting and allow about 30 minutes for the system to
regulate. Turn the TEMP/AUTO knob to adjust the
temperature if necessary. If you choose 60_F (16_C),
the system will remain at that maximum cooling setting
and will not regulate fan speed. If you choose the
temperature of 90_F (32_C), the system will remain at
that maximum heating setting and will not regulate fan
speed. Choosing either maximum setting will not cause
the system to heat or cool any faster.
With the automatic setting, the air conditioning
compressor automatically cycles when needed to cool
the air. In cold weather, when the system senses the need
for heat, the airflow will be directed out the floor
outlets. As the interior temperature approaches a desired
setting, the blower speed will decrease. To maintain
interior comfort, the airflow may move to the instrument
panel air outlets and floor outlets (bi-level mode). On
bright sunny days in cold weather, the airflow may come
out of the air conditioning outlets (AC mode) to
maintain comfort and prevent stuffiness.
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If your vehicle is sitting out on a hot day and you have it
set on AUTO, the air will first flow out the floor air
outlets for a few seconds. That is normal. This is to
expel hot air from the air outlets. As the air is cooled,
the airflow will move through the air conditioning
outlets. If you start your vehicle with the fan setting on
HI, it will skip the air conditioning purge.
To avoid blowing cold air in cold weather, the system
will delay turning on the fan until warm air is available.
The length of delay depends on the outside air
temperature, engine coolant temperature or the time
since the engine was last started. As the coolant warms
up, the blower fan speed will gradually increase and
air will flow from the heater outlets, with some airflow
to the windshield to prevent fogging under most
normal conditions.
If you leave your vehicle, the system will remember the
control setting the next time you start your engine,
except for recirculation and defrost. Each ignition cycle
cancels recirculation, whereas, DEFROST will change
to automatic operation when the ignition is shut off and
then turned back on.
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Manual Operation
You may manually adjust the air delivery mode or
fan speed.
AC: This setting directs airflow through the
middle instrument panel outlets.
BI-LEVEL: This setting directs air into your
vehicle in two ways. Cool air is directed to the upper
portion of your body through the four instrument panel
outlets while warmed air is directed to the floor.
HEATER/DEFROST: This setting directs air to
the floor outlets and toward the windshield.
HEATER: This setting directs warmed air
through the floor outlets. Some warm air is diverted to
the windshield to minimize fogging.
DEFROST: Press this button to quickly remove
fog or frost from the windshield. This setting sends most
of the airflow to the windshield with only a small
amount to the floor outlets.
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FAN SPEEDS: Press the button with the fan
symbol on it until AUTO is displayed on the screen. At
this setting, the fan speed is automatically controlled. If
it is cold outside, the blower may not run in the
maximum high fan speed right away. The system checks
the temperature of the engine coolant to assure it is
warm enough to provide heat. When the engine coolant
is warm, the controller allows the fan to gradually
increase to a higher speed. This prevents cold air from
blowing into the passenger compartment. If you want
the blower fan at a high speed, press the up arrow button
until you see HI on the display. If you want the fan
speed to be automatic, but you like the fan speed to be
higher than the AUTO setting, press the fan symbol
button until HI AUTO is shown on the display. If you
want the blower fan at a low speed, press the down
arrow button until LO is shown on the display. If you
want the fan speed to run lower than the AUTO
setting, press the button until LO AUTO is shown
on the display.
OFF: Press this button to turn the system off. Fresh
air will continue to flow through the vehicle, and the
system will try to maintain the previously set
temperature. The outside temperature will show
on the display when the system is OFF.
AC: Press this button to turn the air conditioning on and
off. The system will cool and dehumidify the air inside
the vehicle. In the AUTO mode, the display will show
that AC is active, but the air conditioning compressor
only operates when the system determines it is needed.
RECIRCULATION: Press this button to limit the
amount of fresh air entering your vehicle. This is helpful
when you are trying to cool the air quickly or limit odors
entering your vehicle. In the AUTO mode, the system
will use recirculation as necessary to cool the air.
Pressing the recirculation button will change the
operation to a manual mode and the air will recirculate
non-stop. Press this button again to turn off the
recirculation feature.
If you notice the windows fogging, press the
recirculation button to exit the recirculation mode.
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Electronic Solar Sensor
Press the AC button or the TEMP/AUTO knob to turn
the system on and then select the proper mode to direct
airflow. The system will cool and dehumidify the air
inside the vehicle. Also while in the AUTO mode, the
system will use recirculation as necessary to cool the air.
You may also need to adjust the interior temperature and
the fan speed as needed.
When the air conditioner is on, you may sometimes
notice slight changes in your vehicle’s engine speed
and power. This is normal because the system is
designed to cycle the compressor on and off to keep
the desired temperature.
The sensor monitors the sun’s solar radiation and is
located on top of the instrument panel near the
windshield. The ECC panel uses this information to
automatically make the necessary temperature and
airflow adjustments to maintain your comfort.
Air Conditioning
On hot days, open the windows long enough to let hot
inside air escape. This reduces the time it takes for your
vehicle to cool down. Then keep your windows closed
for the air conditioner to work its best.
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Heating
Press the MODE button to select heater. Adjust the
interior temperature to a comfortable level and if the fan
speed needs adjusting, press the up or down arrow.
Outside air will be brought in and sent through the floor,
air conditioning or bi-level outlets (depending on the
condition). The heater works best if you keep your
windows closed while using it.
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Defrosting
Use defrost to remove fog or ice from
the windshield quickly in extremely humid or
cold conditions.
Press the MODE button. If you select DEFROST, adjust
the fan speed by pressing the fan button up or down. If
you select DEFROST from AUTO, the system will
control the fan speed. The temperature also needs to be
adjusted by turning the TEMP/AUTO knob.
Note: Recirculation is not available in the defrost or
defog modes.
Rear Window Defogger
The system will automatically shut off after 10 minutes.
If further defogging is desired, press the button again.
Do not attach a temporary vehicle license, tape or decals
across the defogger grid on the rear window.
NOTICE:
Don’t use a razor blade or something else sharp
on the inside of the rear window. If you do, you
could cut or damage the warming grid or the
integrated rear window antenna, and the repairs
wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
The lines you see on the
rear window warm the
glass. Press this button to
turn on the rear defogger.
With it, the rear window
and both outside rearview
mirrors are heated.
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Ventilation System
Your vehicle’s flow-through ventilation system supplies
outside air into the vehicle when it is moving. Outside
air will also enter the vehicle when the heater or the air
conditioning fan is running.
The front outlets are located in the center and at each
side of the instrument panel. You can adjust the
direction of airflow by moving the center control levers
or you can stop the airflow by moving the lever located
on each side of the outlets downward.
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The direction of airflow for the rear seats can also be
adjusted. Move the fan lever to adjust the blower
speed from low to high. Move the vent lever to direct
the airflow.
Ventilation Tips
D Keep the hood and front air inlet free of ice, snow or
any other obstruction (such as leaves). The heater
and defroster will work far better, reducing the
chance of fogging the inside of the windows.
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D When you enter a vehicle in cold weather, adjust the
fan to the highest speed for a few moments before
driving off. This helps clear the intake outlets of
snow and moisture, and reduces the chance of
fogging the inside of the windows.
D Keep the air path under the front seats clear of objects.
This helps circulate air throughout your vehicle.
HVAC Steering Wheel Controls
Some heating and cooling
controls can be adjusted at
the steering wheel. Other
touch controls operate some
audio controls. See “Audio
Steering Wheel Controls” in
the index.
TEMP: Press the up arrow lever to increase
the temperature and the down arrow lever to
decrease temperature.
Climate Control Personalization
(If Equipped)
This feature allows both driver’s (driver 1 or 2 depending
on the number on the back of your remote keyless entry
transmitter) to personalize their own climate control
settings. For more information, see “Memory and
Personalization Features” in the Index.
Audio Systems
Your Cadillac audio system has been designed to operate
easily and give years of listening pleasure. You will get
the most enjoyment out of it if you acquaint yourself
with it first. Find out what your audio system can do
and how to operate all its controls, to be sure you’re
getting the most out of the advanced engineering that
went into it.
Setting the Clock
FAN SPEED: Press the up arrow lever to increase
the fan speed and the down arrow lever to decrease
fan speed.
Press and hold HR or MN until the time display begins
to change. Release the button as you get close to the
correct time. The time may be set anytime the clock is
displayed. There is a two-second delay before the clock
goes into time-set mode.
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AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player
HR or MN: Display the time with the ignition off by
pressing this button.
DSPL: Press this button to display the radio station
being played.
Finding a Station
BAND: Press this button to select AM, FM1 or FM2.
Playing the Radio
PWR/VOL: Press this knob lightly to turn the system
on. Press the knob again to turn the system off. To
increase volume, turn the knob clockwise. Turn it
counterclockwise to decrease volume. The volume level
will appear on the display.
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SEEK-TUNE: Press and release this button to seek to the
next higher or lower radio station. Pressing and holding
this button until a chime sounds puts the radio in a tune
mode. In this mode, higher or lower radio stations are
advanced to in small increments until the SEEK-TUNE
button is released. Tuning stops when you release this
button. If you press and hold the SEEK-TUNE button
again within five seconds of being in the tune mode,
tuning will continue. Waiting longer than five seconds
places the radio back in the seek mode.
SCAN: Press this button and SCAN will appear on the
display. Use SCAN to listen to stations for a few
seconds. The radio will go to a station, stop for a few
seconds, then go on to the next station. Press this button
again to stop scanning.
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PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to
18 stations (six AM, six FM1 and six FM2). Just:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select AM, FM1 or FM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons for
more than two seconds until you hear a beep.
Whenever you press that numbered button for less
than two seconds, the station you set will return.
Setting the Tone
BASS: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob clockwise to increase and counterclockwise to
decrease bass.
TREB: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob clockwise to increase and counterclockwise to
decrease treble. If a station is weak or noisy, you may
want to decrease the treble.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
Adjusting the Speakers
When battery power is removed and later applied, you
will not have to reset your radio presets because the
radio remembers them.
BAL: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob clockwise to adjust sound to the right speakers and
counterclockwise for the left speakers. The middle
position balances the sound between the speakers.
PRESET SCAN: Press and hold SCAN for two to three
seconds until PRESET SCAN appears on the display to
listen to each of your preset stations for a few seconds
(factory presets which have not been reprogrammed with
your stations will be ignored). The radio will go to the first
preset station stored on your pushbuttons, stop for a few
seconds, then go on to the next preset station. Press SCAN
again to stop scanning. If a preset station has weak
reception, the radio will not stop at the preset station.
FADE: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob clockwise to adjust the sound to the front speakers
and counterclockwise for the rear speakers. The middle
position balances the sound between the speakers.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
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Playing a Cassette Tape
With the radio on, insert a cassette tape. The tape will begin
playing as soon as it is inserted. When one side of your
cassette tape is done playing, auto reverse plays the other side
of your cassette tape. If you want to insert a cassette tape
when the ignition is off, first press the eject button.
While the tape is playing, use the VOL, FADE, BAL,
BASS and TREB controls just as you do for the radio.
Other controls may have different functions when a tape is
inserted. The display will show TAPE with an arrow to
indicate which side of the tape is playing. PLAY will
appear on the display temporarily when a tape is playing.
The display will then revert back to showing the time.
If an error occurs while trying to play a cassette tape, it
could be that:
D The cassette tape is tight and the cassette player
cannot turn the hubs of the tape. Hold the cassette
tape with the open end down and try turning the right
hub counterclockwise with a pencil. Flip the tape
over and repeat. If the hubs do not turn easily, your
cassette tape may be damaged and should not be
used in the player. Try a new tape to be sure your
player is working properly.
D The cassette tape is broken. (Check to see if your
tape is broken. Try a new tape.)
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REV: Press the left arrow to rewind the tape rapidly.
The radio will play while the tape reverses and REV
will appear on the display. You may use your station
pushbuttons to tune to another radio station while in
REV mode. Press the left arrow again to return to
playing speed.
FF: Press the right arrow to fast forward to another part
of the tape. The radio will play while the tape advances
and FF will appear on the display. You may use your
station pushbuttons to tune to another radio station while
in FF mode. Press the right arrow again to return to
playing speed.
SEEK-TUNE: Press the right arrow to seek to the next
selection on the tape. Press the left arrow to search for
the previous selection on the tape (REP will appear on
the display). Your tape must have at least three seconds
of silence between each selection for SEEK-TUNE to
work. The sound will mute while seeking.
SCAN: Press this button. SCAN FF will appear on the
display until the next selection is found and then SCAN
PLAY will appear on the display. Use SCAN to listen to
selections for a few seconds. The tape will go to a
selection, stop for a few seconds, then go on to the next
selection. Press this button again to stop scanning.
SIDE: Press this button to change the side of the tape
that is playing. (PLAY shows on the display.)
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SOURCE: Press this button to select a source. If no cassette
tape is in the tape player, CASS appears on the display and
then the radio station appears briefly. The display then reverts
back to showing the time of day. Press this button again
or press BAND to switch back to the radio.
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
Compact Disc Player with Radio Data
Systems (RDS) and Digital Signal
Processing (DSP) (If Equipped)
EJECT: Press the upward triangle button to remove
a tape. The radio will play. Eject may be activated with the
radio off. Cassette tapes may be loaded with the radio off
but they will not start playing until the PWR button is
pressed. Press PWR or turn the ignition off to stop the
cassette tape player. The tape will stay in the player and
resume play at the point where it stopped.
CLN: If this message appears on the display, the
cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still play
tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to
prevent damage to the tapes and player. See “Care of
Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index. After you clean
the player, press and hold the eject button for five
seconds to reset the CLN indicator. The radio will
display --- to show the indicator was reset.
Your cassette tape player automatically reduces
background noise from tapes encoded with Dolby NR.
Dolby Noise Reduction is manufactured under a license
from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby
and the double-D symbol are trademarks of Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
Playing the Radio
PWR/VOL: Press this knob lightly to turn the system
on. Press the knob again to turn the system off. To
increase volume, turn the knob clockwise. Turn it
counterclockwise to decrease volume.
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HR or MN: Display the time with the ignition off by
pressing this button.
SOURCE: Press this button to select a source. Sources
include cassette and compact disc. The audio source
must be loaded to play. Available loaded sources are
shown on the display. If a source is being used, it will be
underlined on the display. If none of the audio sources
are loaded, NO SOURCE LOADED will appear on the
display. Press this button again or press BAND to switch
back to the radio.
Finding a Station
BAND: Press this button to select AM, FM1, FM2
or weather.
TUNE-SEEK: When this button is pressed it has two
positions. Press this button to the first position to
manually tune to higher or lower stations. If this button
is held at the first position for a few seconds, the radio
will continue tuning until this button is released. Press
this button to the second position and release to seek to
the next higher or lower radio station.
SCAN: Press this button for less than two seconds to
scan radio stations. The radio will go to a station, stop
for five seconds, then go on to the next station. Press
this button again to stop scanning.
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PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations. The RDS PTY
mode must be off to use this mode. You can set up
to 24 stations (six AM, six FM1, six FM2 and six
weather). Just:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select AM, FM1, FM2 or weather.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons for
more than two seconds. Whenever you press that
numbered button for less than two seconds, the
station you set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
When battery power is removed and later applied, you
will not have to reset your radio presets because the
radio remembers them.
PRESET SCAN: Press and hold SCAN for more than
two seconds until you hear a beep to listen to each of
your preset stations for five seconds. The radio will go
to the first preset station stored on your pushbuttons,
stop for five seconds, then go on to the next preset
station. Press SCAN again to stop scanning. If a preset
station has weak reception, the radio will not stop at the
preset station.
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Using RDS Mode
Your audio system is equipped with Radio Data Systems
(RDS). RDS mode gives you many useful new features.
When RDS is on, the radio can:
D seek only to stations with the types of programs you
want to listen to,
D seek to stations with traffic announcements,
D receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies,
D receive and display messages from radio stations and
D search for a stronger station when a station is too
weak for listening.
RDS features are only available for use on FM stations
which broadcast RDS information.
RDS SELECT: Press this button to use the
alternate RDS functions (RDS, TA, MSG, PTY and
PTY ) located on the six numbered pushbuttons.
RDS SELECT: will appear on the display. The alternate
RDS functions are only available when you are using
the FM band of your radio.
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RDS (1): With RDS off, press the RDS SELECT
button, followed by this button to turn RDS on. The
RDS display will turn on. You must have RDS on to use
the new RDS functions. The RDS display will also turn
on if one of the other RDS function buttons has been
pressed on. If you are tuned to a station broadcasting
RDS information, the station’s call letters and Program
Type (PTY) will replace the station’s frequency on the
display. After five seconds, the program type will be
replaced on the display by the station’s program type
name. The program type and program type name may
be the same or different. Press BAND to recall the
frequency and program type displays. If the radio is
tuned to a station that is not broadcasting RDS
information, the station’s frequency will remain on the
display. While RDS is on, the radio will search for a
stronger station in the network when a station gets too
weak for listening. Press the RDS SELECT button,
followed by this button again to turn RDS off. All RDS
functions will be turned off.
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REGION: You can also use the RDS button to access
the region function. When an RDS station becomes
weak, this function searches for a stronger station within
the same network. A network can span a great distance.
One network can have stations spread across a country
or continent. Each network breaks down into regions.
With regions, local news items like weather and traffic
are available to you. When the region function is on, the
radio only searches for stations in the same network and
region. You can only use the region function when RDS
is already on. Press the RDS SELECT button. Then
press and hold the RDS button for two seconds.
REGION: ON will appear on the display. While
REGION: ON appears on the display, press the RDS
button again to turn the region function off. REGION:
OFF will appear on the display. The region function can
be turned on again by pressing the RDS button.
TA (2): Press the RDS SELECT button, followed by
this button to receive traffic announcements. The radio
will turn on the TA display. TP will appear on the
display if the tuned station broadcasts traffic
announcements. You may also receive traffic
announcements from stations in the network related to
the tuned station. If the current tuned station does not
broadcast traffic announcements, the radio will seek to a
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station which does. When the radio finds a station which
broadcasts traffic announcements, it will stop. If no
station is found, NONE FOUND will appear on the
display. When SEEK or SCAN is pressed with the
traffic announcement function on, the radio will only
stop at stations which broadcast traffic announcements.
While a traffic announcement plays, the radio uses a
special type of volume called TA volume. To increase
TA volume, turn the PWR/VOL knob clockwise.
Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume. TA
VOLUME will appear on the display while the
volume is being adjusted.
When a traffic announcement comes on the tuned radio
station or a related network station, you will hear it,
even if the volume is muted or a cassette tape or
compact disc is playing. If the radio tunes to a related
network station for a traffic announcement, it will return
to the original station when the announcement is
finished. If the cassette tape or compact disc player was
being used, the tape or compact disc will stay in the
player and resume play at the point where it stopped.
Press the RDS SELECT button, followed by this button
again to turn TA off.
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MSG (3): When RDS is on, if the current station has a
message, MSG will appear on the display. Press the
RDS SELECT button, followed by this button to see the
message. If the whole message does not appear on the
display, parts of the message will appear every three
seconds until the message is completed. To see the parts
of the message faster than every three seconds, press this
button again. A new group of words will appear on the
display. Once the complete message has been displayed,
MSG will disappear from the display until another new
MSG is received.
PTY (4): This button is used to turn on and off Program
Type (PTY) seeks and scans. Press the RDS SELECT
button, followed by this button. The PTY display will turn
on. RDS SELECT: PTY NEWS will appear on the display
for three seconds. (The PTY shown will be the last PTY
selected.) Press the RDS SELECT button, followed by this
button again to turn the PTY display off.
tPTYu (5) (6): With RDS on, press the RDS SELECT
button, followed by t or u. The PTY display will turn
on, if it is not already on. RDS SELECT: PTY NEWS will
appear on the display for three seconds. (The PTY shown
will be the last PTY selected.) While this message is
displayed, use and to move up and down the PTY
list. If you pause on a PTY for three seconds, PRESET
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PTY: NEWS will appear on the display. While this
message is displayed, you can save the PTY in a preset by
pressing one of the six numbered pushbuttons until you
hear a beep. Allow three seconds for the message to
disappear if you do not want to save the PTY in a preset.
See “Radio Data Systems (RDS) Program Type (PTY)
Selections” in the Index.
When the PTY display is on, press SEEK and SCAN to
find radio stations of the PTY you want to listen to. The
last PTY selected will be used for seek and scan modes.
If a station with the selected PTY is not found, NONE
FOUND will appear on the display. If both PTY and TA
are on, the radio will search for stations with traffic
announcements and the selected PTY.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite Program Types (PTYs).
These buttons have factory PTY presets. See “Radio
Data Systems (RDS) Program Type (PTY) Selections”
in the Index. You can set up to 12 PTYs (six FM1 and
six FM2). Just:
1. Turn PTY on.
2. Press BAND to select FM1 or FM2.
3. Tune in an RDS station with the PTY you desire.
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4. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons for
more than two seconds until you hear a beep.
Whenever you press that numbered button for less
than two seconds, the PTY you set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
When battery power is removed and later applied, you
will not have to reset your RDS presets because the
radio remembers them.
HR or MN: Press the RDS SELECT button, followed
by one of these buttons to display the time for the
current station. STATION TIME IS will be displayed. If
a time has not been sent to the radio, NO STATION
TIME will be displayed. If you have recently tuned to
the station, you may need to wait a minute before the
time is available to the radio. To set the clock to the
current displayed station time, press and hold HR or MN
until TIME UPDATED is displayed. There is a two
second delay before the time is updated. RDS mode
does not have to be on to use this function, but you must
be tuned to an FM RDS station.
ALERT: This type of announcement warns of national or
local emergencies. You will not be able to turn off alert
announcements. Alert announcements will come on even
if RDS mode is turned off. ALERT appears on the display
when an alert announcement plays. The radio uses TA
volume during these announcements. To increase
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volume, turn the PWR/VOL knob clockwise. Turn it
counterclockwise to decrease volume. TA VOLUME will
appear on the display while the volume is being adjusted.
When an alert announcement comes on the tuned radio
station or a related network station, you will hear it, even
if the volume is muted or a cassette tape or compact disc is
playing. If the radio tunes to a related network station for
an alert announcement, it will return to the original station
when the announcement is finished. If the cassette tape or
compact disc player is playing, play will stop for the
announcement and resume when the announcement
is finished.
Setting the Tone
TONE: Press and release this button until the desired
tone control (BASS or TREBLE) is found. The radio
keeps separate tone settings for each band, preset
(except weather band presets) and source.
LEVEL: After selecting the desired tone control, press
the plus (+) or minus (-) symbol on this button to select
the desired level.
To save the tone settings for your presets, press and hold
the numbered button for the desired preset for more than
two seconds until you hear a beep.
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Using DSP Mode
Adjusting the Speakers
DSP: The Digital Signal Processing (DSP) feature is used
to provide a choice of four different listening experiences:
TALK, DRIVER SEAT, LIVE and AUDITORIUM. DSP
can be used while listening to the radio, the cassette tape
player or the CD player. Press this button to turn DSP on.
Press and release this button until you reach the desired
selection. To turn DSP off, press and hold this button until
DSP OFF appears on the display. When DSP OFF is
displayed, the system will provide the best overall BoseR
performance. The radio keeps separate DSP settings for
each band (except weather band, which is always set to
TALK), preset and source.
TONE: Press and release this button until the desired
BALANCE or FADE control is found.
D TALK: This setting is used when listening to
non-musical material such as news, talk shows,
sports broadcasts and books on tape. TALK makes
spoken words sound very clear.
D DRIVER SEAT: This setting adjusts the audio to
give the driver the best possible sound qualities.
DRIVER SEAT can be used at any time for any
material. Rear seat passengers in the vehicle may not
get the same effect.
D LIVE: This setting is used to enhance the stereo effect.
D AUDITORIUM: This setting is used to make the
LEVEL: After selecting the desired BALANCE or
FADE control, press the plus (+) or minus (-) symbol
on this button to select the desired level.
Playing a Cassette Tape
With the radio on, insert a cassette tape. The tape will
begin playing as soon as it is inserted. When one side of
your cassette tape is done playing, auto reverse plays the
other side of your cassette tape. Cassette tapes may be
loaded with the radio off but they will not start playing
until the radio is on. If you want to insert a cassette tape
when the ignition is off, first press the eject button.
While the tape is playing, use the VOL, TONE, LEVEL
and DSP controls just as you do for the radio. Other
controls may have different functions when a tape is
inserted. The display will show an underlined tape
symbol. TAPE PLAY will appear on the display when a
tape is playing, with an arrow to indicate which side of
the tape is playing.
listening space seem larger.
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If an error occurs while trying to play a cassette tape, it
could be that:
D The cassette tape is tight and the cassette player
cannot turn the hubs of the tape. Hold the cassette
tape with the open end down and try turning the right
hub counterclockwise with a pencil. Flip the tape
over and repeat. If the hubs do not turn easily, your
cassette tape may be damaged and should not be
used in the player. Try a new tape to be sure your
player is working properly.
D The cassette tape is broken. (Check to see if your
tape is broken. Try a new tape.)
RW: Press the left arrow to rewind the tape rapidly. The
radio will play while the tape rewinds. You may use
your station pushbuttons to tune to another radio station
while in RW mode. Press the left arrow again to return
to playing speed.
FF: Press the right arrow to fast forward to another part
of the tape. The radio will play while the tape advances.
You may use your station pushbuttons to tune to another
radio station while in FF mode. Press the right arrow
again to return to playing speed.
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TUNE-SEEK: When this button is pressed, it has two
positions. This button works the same, whether it is
pressed to the first or second position. Press this button
to seek to the next or previous selection on the tape.
Your tape must have at least three seconds of silence
between each selection for TUNE-SEEK to work. The
sound will mute while seeking.
SCAN: Press this button to listen to selections for a few
seconds. The tape will go to a selection, stop for a few
seconds, then go on to the next selection. Press this
button again to stop scanning.
SIDE: Press this button to change the side of the tape
that is playing.
EJECT: Press the upward triangle button to the
right of the cassette tape player to remove a tape. The
radio will play. Eject may be activated with the radio off
and/or the ignition off.
CLEAN TAPE: If this message appears on the display,
the cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still
play tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to
prevent damage to the tapes and player. See “Care of
Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index. After you clean
the player, press and hold the eject button for three
seconds to reset the CLEAN TAPE indicator.
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Your cassette tape player automatically reduces
background noise from tapes encoded with Dolby NR.
Dolby Noise Reduction is manufactured under a license
from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby
and the double-D symbol are trademarks of Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
Auto CrO2 allows the cassette tape player to adjust to
the type of cassette tape for clearer sound for CrO2
cassette tapes.
Playing a Compact Disc
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in. If the ignition and the radio are on
and the underlined compact disc symbol appears on the
display, the disc will begin playing. Compact discs may
be loaded with the radio off but they will not start
playing until the radio is on. If you want to insert a disc
when the ignition is off, first press the eject button.
The integral CD player can play the smaller 8 cm
compact discs. Full-size compact discs and the smaller
compact discs are loaded in the same manner.
If you’re driving on a very rough road or if it’s very hot, the
disc may not play. If the disc comes out, it could be that:
D The disc is upside down.
D It is dirty, scratched or wet.
D The air is very humid. (If so, wait about an hour and
try again.)
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, please contact your dealer.
RW: Press and hold the left arrow to reverse the
compact disc. Release it to return to playing speed.
FF: Press and hold the right arrow to fast forward to
another part of the compact disc. Release it to return to
playing speed.
TUNE-SEEK: When this button is pressed, it has two
positions. This button works the same, whether it is
pressed to the first or second position. Press this button to
seek to the next or previous selection on the compact disc.
SCAN: Press this button to listen to selections for a few
seconds. The compact disc will go to a selection, stop
for a few seconds, then go on to the next selection. Press
this button again to stop scanning.
RDM: Press this button to hear the tracks in random,
rather than sequential, order. Press RDM again to turn
off random play.
EJECT: Press the upward triangle button to the
right of the compact disc player to remove a compact
disc. The radio will play. Eject may be activated with the
radio off and/or the ignition off.
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Radio Data Systems (RDS) Program Type
(PTY) Selections
PTY List
Description
Adlt Hit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Adult Hits
Any . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Any
Classicl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Classical
Cls Rock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Classical Rock
College . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . College
Country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Country
Info . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Information
Jazz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Jazz
Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Language
News . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . News
Nostalga . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nostalgia
Oldies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Oldies
Persnlty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personality
Public . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public
R & B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rhythm and Blues
Rel Musc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Religious Music
Rel Talk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Religious Talk
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PTY List
Description
Rock M . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rock Music
Soft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Soft
Soft Rock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Soft Rock
Sports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sports
Talk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Talk
Top 40 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Top 40
Weather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Weather
Factory PTY Presets
Preset
FM1
FM2
Preset 1
Adult Hits
Jazz
Preset 2
Classical
Oldies
Preset 3
News
Religious Music
Preset 4
Public
Soft Rock
Preset 5
Rock
R&B
Preset 6
Country
Top 40
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CD Adapter Kits
It is possible to use a CD adapter kit with your cassette
tape player after activating the bypass feature on your
tape player.
To activate the bypass feature, use the following steps:
1. Turn the ignition to RUN or ACCESSORY.
2. Turn the radio off.
3. Press and hold the SOURCE button for two seconds.
The tape symbol on the display will flash three
times, indicating the feature is active.
NOTICE:
Objects in the trunk which may shift or slide
during driving could damage your CD changer.
Protect your CD changer by using the
convenience net whenever possible. Place large
objects in the trunk appropriately so that they
will not come into contact with the CD changer.
4. Insert the adapter.
This override routine will remain active until the eject
button is pressed.
Trunk-Mounted CD Changer (If Equipped)
With the compact disc changer, you can play up to
12 discs continuously. Normal size discs may be
played using the trays supplied in the magazine. The
smaller discs (8 cm) can be played only with specially
designed trays.
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You must first load the magazine with discs before you
can play a compact disc. Each of the 12 trays holds one
disc. Press the button on the back of the magazine and
pull gently on one of the trays. Load the trays from
bottom to top, placing a disc on the tray, label side
down. If you load a disc label side up, the disc will not
play and an error will occur. Gently push the tray back
into the magazine slot. Repeat this procedure for loading
up to 12 discs in the magazine.
Close the door by sliding it all the way to the left.
When the door is closed, the changer will begin
checking for discs in the magazine. This will continue
for up to one and a half minutes, depending on the
number of discs loaded.
Once you have loaded the discs in the magazine, slide
open the door of the compact disc (CD) changer. Push
the magazine into the changer in the direction of the
arrow marked on top of the magazine.
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To eject the magazine from the player, slide the CD
changer door all the way open. The magazine will
automatically eject. Remember to keep the door closed
whenever possible to keep dirt and dust from getting
inside the changer.
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Whenever a CD magazine with discs is loaded in the
changer, the CD changer symbol will appear on the
radio display. If the CD changer is checking the
magazine for CDs, the CD symbol will flash on the
display until the changer is ready to play. When a CD
begins playing, a disc and track number will be
displayed. The disc numbers are listed on the front of
the magazine.
All of the CD functions are controlled by the radio
buttons, except for ejecting the CD magazine.
PUSHBUTTONS: Press buttons one through six to
select compact discs one through six. Press and hold one
of the six pushbuttons until a beep sounds to select
compact discs 7 through 12. These pushbuttons
represent the order of the discs loaded in the changer.
DSPL: Press and hold this button to see the track
elapsed time. (This button is available on the AM-FM
Stereo with Cassette Tape Player only.)
REV/RW: Press and hold this button to reverse quickly
through a track selection.
FF: Press and hold this button to advance quickly
through a track selection.
If your vehicle is equipped with the AM-FM Stereo with
Cassette Tape Player, use SEEK-TUNE. For all other
audio systems, use TUNE-SEEK.
SEEK-TUNE: Press the right arrow to seek to the next
selection. Press the left arrow to search for the previous
track selection. The sound will mute while seeking.
TUNE-SEEK: When this button is pressed, it has
two positions. This button works the same, whether it
is pressed to the first or second position. Press this
button to seek to the next or previous selection on the
compact disc.
SCAN: Press this button. You will hear the first few
seconds of the first track on each disc. Press this button
again to stop scanning. (This button is available on the
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player only.)
TRACK SCAN: Press SCAN for less than two seconds.
You will hear the first few seconds of each track on a
disc. Press SCAN again to stop TRACK SCAN. The CD
will mute while scanning and SCAN will appear on the
display. (This function is not available on the AM-FM
Stereo with Cassette Tape Player.)
DISC SCAN: Press SCAN for more than two seconds.
You will hear the first few seconds of the first track on
each disc. Press SCAN again to stop DISC SCAN. The
CD will mute while scanning and SCAN will appear on
the display. (This function is not available on the
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player.)
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RDM: Press this button to hear the tracks in random,
rather than sequential, order. RANDOM will appear on the
display. Press TUNE-SEEK while RDM is on the display
to randomly seek through discs. Press RDM again to turn
off random play. (This button is not available on the
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player.)
SIDE: Press this button to select the next disc in the
changer. If your vehicle is equipped with the AM-FM
Stereo with Cassette Tape Player, CD and the disc number
will appear on the display each time you press this button.
If your vehicle is equipped with any other audio system,
DISC LOADING will appear on the display and the disc
number on the radio display will go to that of the next
available CD each time you press this button.
SOURCE: Press this button to select a source. The
audio source must be loaded to play. If none of the audio
sources are loaded, NO SOURCE LOADED will appear
on the display. Press this button again or press BAND to
switch back to the radio. (CD will be displayed for a few
seconds instead on the AM-FM Stereo with Cassette
Tape Player, then the radio will play.)
EJECT: Slide the CD changer door all the way open
and the disc holder will automatically eject.
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Compact Disc Changer Errors
CD CHANGER ERROR could be displayed for
the following:
D The road is too rough. The disc should play when the
road is smoother.
D The disc is dirty, scratched, wet or loaded label
side up.
D The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
CD CHANGER DOOR OPEN is displayed when the
CD changer door is left open. (CHEK DOOR will be
displayed instead on the AM-FM Stereo with Cassette
Tape Player.) Completely close the changer door to
restore normal operation.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, please contact your dealer.
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Radio Personalization with Home and Away
Feature (If Equipped)
If your vehicle is equipped with the AM-FM Stereo with
Cassette Tape Player and 1 (H or A) or 2 (H or A)
appears in the display when the radio is first turned on,
your vehicle is equipped with this feature. If your
vehicle is equipped with any other audio system and
DRIVER 1 (HOME or AWAY) PRESETS or DRIVER 2
(HOME or AWAY) PRESETS appears in the display
when the radio is first turned on, your vehicle is
equipped with this feature.
With this feature, your vehicle will recall the latest radio
settings as adjusted the last time your vehicle was
operated. This feature allows two different drivers to
store and recall their own radio settings. The settings
recalled by the radio are determined by which Remote
Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter (“1” or “2”) was used
to enter the vehicle. The number on the back of the RKE
transmitter corresponds to driver 1 or to driver 2. The
radio settings will automatically adjust to where they
were last set by the identified driver. The settings can
also be recalled by briefly pressing the MEMORY seat
buttons 1 or 2 located on the driver’s door.
Your radio can store home and away presets. Home and
away presets allow you to use one set of preset radio
settings in the area where you live, and another set when
you go out of town. That way, you will not need to
reprogram your presets every time you travel. With the
radio off and the clock displayed, use FF and RW to
select home or away presets. To select the away presets,
press and hold FF for five counts until you hear a beep.
The next time the radio comes on, the away presets will
be active. To select the home presets, press and hold RW
for five counts until you hear a beep. The next time the
radio comes on, the home presets will be active.
When battery power is removed and later applied, you
will not have to reset your home radio presets because
the radio remembers them. However, you will have to
reset your away radio presets.
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Theft-Deterrent Feature
THEFTLOCKR is designed to discourage theft of your
radio. Your vehicle has a “built-in” theft-deterrent
feature on each radio that is automatic -- there is no
programming required. The radio in your vehicle cannot
be used in any other vehicle. When the radio was
originally installed in your vehicle at the factory, it
stored the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). Each
time the ignition is turned on, the VIN is verified. If the
vehicle’s VIN does not match the VIN stored in the
radio, THEFTLOCK will be activated and the audio
system will not play. If the radio is removed from your
vehicle, the original VIN in the radio can be used to
trace the radio back to your vehicle.
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
Some audio controls
can be adjusted at the
steering wheel. They
include the following:
VOLUME: Press the up arrow lever to increase volume
and the down arrow lever to decrease volume.
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SELECT: When listening to the radio, press the up or
down arrow lever to tune to the next or previous preset
radio station. (If your vehicle is equipped with the
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player, factory
presets which have not been reprogrammed with your
stations will be ignored). When listening to a cassette
tape, the up or down arrow lever can be used to SEEK
forward and rearward through the tape. Pressing the up
or down arrow lever when listening to a CD will cause
the player to go to the next or previous selection. When
in Radio Data Systems (RDS) Program Type (PTY)
mode, the up or down arrow lever can be used to
perform a PTY preset seek. PSEEK will appear on the
display while the PTY preset seek is performed. The
radio will seek all of the PTYs stored in presets, except
for the PTY Any.
Understanding Radio Reception
AM
The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM,
especially at night. The longer range, however, can
cause stations to interfere with each other. AM can pick
up noise from things like storms and power lines. Try
reducing the treble to reduce this noise if you ever get it.
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give you the best sound, but FM signals
will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). Tall
buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals, causing
the sound to come and go.
Weather Band (If Equipped)
Weather band is restricted to speech and the audio
quality is not as good as with the AM or FM bands.
Depending on location, the radio should receive one or
two channels.
Tips About Your Audio System
Hearing damage from loud noise is almost undetectable
until it is too late. Your hearing can adapt to higher
volumes of sound. Sound that seems normal can be loud
and harmful to your hearing. Take precautions by
adjusting the volume control on your radio to a safe
sound level before your hearing adapts to it.
To help avoid hearing loss or damage:
D Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting.
D Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably
and clearly.
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NOTICE:
Before you add any sound equipment to your
vehicle -- like a tape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio -- be sure you can
add what you want. If you can, it’s very
important to do it properly. Added sound
equipment may interfere with the operation of
your vehicle’s engine, radio or other systems, and
even damage them. Your vehicle’s systems may
also interfere with the operation of sound
equipment that has been added improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment, check with
your dealer and be sure to check Federal rules
covering mobile radio and telephone units.
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
A tape player that is not cleaned regularly can cause
reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes or a damaged
mechanism. Cassette tapes should be stored in their
cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight and
extreme heat. If they aren’t, they may not operate
properly or may cause failure of the tape player.
Your tape player should be cleaned regularly after every
50 hours of use. Your radio may display CLN or
CLEAN TAPE to indicate that you have used your tape
player for 50 hours without resetting the tape clean
timer. If this message appears on the display, your
cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still play
tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to
prevent damage to your tapes and player. If you notice a
reduction in sound quality, try a known good cassette to
see if it is the tape or the tape player at fault. If this other
cassette has no improvement in sound quality, clean the
tape player.
The recommended cleaning method for your cassette
tape player is the use of a scrubbing action,
non-abrasive cleaning cassette with pads which scrub
the tape head as the hubs of the cleaner cassette turn.
The recommended cleaning cassette is available through
your dealership (GM Part No. 12344789).
When using a scrubbing action, non-abrasive cleaning
cassette, it is normal for the cassette to eject because
your unit is equipped with a cut tape detection feature
and a cleaning cassette may appear as a broken tape. To
prevent the cleaning cassette from being ejected, use the
following steps.
1. Turn the ignition to RUN or ACCESSORY.
2. Turn the radio off.
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3. Press and hold the SOURCE button for two
seconds. The tape symbol on the display will flash
three times.
4. Turn the radio on and insert the scrubbing action
cleaning cassette.
5. Eject the cleaning cassette after the manufacturer’s
recommended cleaning time.
When the cleaning cassette has been ejected, the cut tape
detection feature is active again.
You may also choose a non-scrubbing action, wet-type
cleaner which uses a cassette with a fabric belt to clean
the tape head. This type of cleaning cassette will not
eject on its own. A non-scrubbing action cleaner may
not clean as thoroughly as the scrubbing type cleaner.
The use of a non-scrubbing action, dry-type cleaning
cassette is not recommended.
If your vehicle is equipped with the AM-FM Stereo with
Cassette Tape Player, press and hold the eject button for
five seconds to reset the CLN indicator after you clean
the player. The radio will display --- to show the
indicator was reset.
If your vehicle is equipped with any other radio, press
and hold the eject button for three seconds to reset the
CLEAN TAPE indicator after you clean the player. The
radio will display CLEAN TAPE MSG CLEARED to
show the indicator was reset.
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality
may degrade over time. Always make sure the cassette
tape is in good condition before you have your tape
player serviced.
Care of Your Compact Discs
Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original cases
or other protective cases and away from direct sunlight
and dust. If the surface of a disc is soiled, dampen a
clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution and
clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.
Be sure never to touch the signal surface when handling
discs. Pick up discs by grasping the outer edges or the
edge of the hole and the outer edge.
Care of Your Compact Disc Player
The use of CD lens cleaner discs is not advised, due to
the risk of contaminating the lens of the CD optics with
lubricants internal to the CD mechanism.
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Power Antenna Mast Care
Your power antenna will look its best and work well
if it’s cleaned from time to time. To clean the
antenna mast:
1. Turn on the ignition and radio to raise the antenna.
2. Dampen a clean cloth with mineral spirits or
equivalent solvent.
3. Wipe the cloth over the mast sections, removing
any dirt.
4. Wipe dry with a clean cloth.
5. Make the antenna go up and down by turning the
radio or ignition off and on.
6. Repeat if necessary.
NOTICE:
Don’t lubricate the power antenna. Lubrication
could damage it.
3-32
NOTICE:
Before entering an automatic car wash, turn off
your radio to make the power antenna go down.
This will prevent the mast from possibly getting
damaged. If the antenna does not go down when
you turn the radio off, it may be damaged or
need to be cleaned. In either case, lower the
antenna by hand by carefully pressing the
antenna down.
If the mast portion of your antenna is damaged, you can
easily replace it. See your dealer for a replacement kit
and follow the instructions in the kit.
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✍
NOTES
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✍
3-34
NOTES
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Section 4 Your Driving and the Road
Here you’ll find information about driving on different kinds of roads and in varying weather conditions. We’ve also
included many other useful tips on driving.
4-2
4-3
4-5
4-6
4-10
4-12
4-13
4-14
4-15
4-17
Defensive Driving
Drunken Driving
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
Steering
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
Loss of Control
Driving at Night
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
4-19
4-20
4-21
4-22
4-23
4-24
4-28
4-29
4-31
City Driving
Freeway Driving
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Winter Driving
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Loading Your Vehicle
Towing a Trailer
4-
4-1
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Please start with a very important safety device in your
vehicle: Buckle up. (See “Safety Belts” in the Index.)
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”
On city streets, rural roads or freeways, it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to be
careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they might
do. Be ready for their mistakes.
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable of
accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough
following distance. It’s the best defensive driving
maneuver, in both city and rural driving. You never
know when the vehicle in front of you is going to brake
or turn suddenly.
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is:
Drive defensively.
4-2
Defensive driving requires that a driver concentrate on
the driving task. Anything that distracts from the driving
task -- such as concentrating on a cellular telephone
call, reading, or reaching for something on the
floor -- makes proper defensive driving more difficult
and can even cause a collision, with resulting injury.
Ask a passenger to help do things like this, or pull off
the road in a safe place to do them yourself. These
simple defensive driving techniques could save
your life.
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Drunken Driving
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is
a national tragedy. It’s the number one contributor to the
highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims
every year.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive
a vehicle:
D
D
D
D
Judgment
Muscular Coordination
Vision
Attentiveness.
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases,
these deaths are the result of someone who was drinking
and driving. In recent years, over 17,000 annual motor
vehicle-related deaths have been associated with the use
of alcohol, with more than 300,000 people injured.
Many adults -- by some estimates, nearly half the adult
population -- choose never to drink alcohol, so they
never drive after drinking. For persons under 21, it’s
against the law in every U.S. state to drink alcohol.
There are good medical, psychological and
developmental reasons for these laws.
The obvious way to solve the leading highway safety
problem is for people never to drink alcohol and then
drive. But what if people do? How much is “too much”
if the driver plans to drive? It’s a lot less than many
might think. Although it depends on each person and
situation, here is some general information on
the problem.
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone
who is drinking depends upon four things:
D The amount of alcohol consumed
D The drinker’s body weight
D The amount of food that is consumed before and
during drinking
D The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol.
According to the American Medical Association, a
180-lb. (82 kg) person who drinks three 12-ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a
BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce (120 ml) glasses
of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces
(45 ml) of a liquor like whiskey, gin or vodka.
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Since alcohol is carried in body water, this means that a
woman generally will reach a higher BAC level than a
man of her same body weight when each has the same
number of drinks.
The law in many U.S. states sets the legal limit at a BAC
of 0.10 percent. In a growing number of U.S. states, and
throughout Canada, the limit is 0.08 percent. In some
other countries, it’s even lower. The BAC limit for all
commercial drivers in the United States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to
six drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we’ve seen, it
depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks, and how
quickly the person drinks them.
It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if
the same person drank three double martinis (3 ounces
or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the person’s
BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A person who
consumes food just before or during drinking will have a
somewhat lower BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally have
a lower relative percentage of body water than men.
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But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC of
0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills of
many people are impaired at a BAC approaching
0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night.
All drivers are impaired at BAC levels above
0.05 percent. Statistics show that the chance of being in
a collision increases sharply for drivers who have a
BAC of 0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC
level of 0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of
having a collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the
chance of this driver having a collision is 12 times
greater; at a level of 0.15 percent, the chance is
25 times greater!
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The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol
in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold
showers will speed that up. “I’ll be careful” isn’t the
right answer. What if there’s an emergency, a need to
take sudden action, as when a child darts into the street?
A person with even a moderate BAC might not be able
to react quickly enough to avoid the collision.
There’s something else about drinking and driving that
many people don’t know. Medical research shows that
alcohol in a person’s system can make crash injuries
worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cord or
heart. This means that when anyone who has been
drinking -- driver or passenger -- is in a crash, that
person’s chance of being killed or permanently disabled
is higher than if the person had not been drinking.
CAUTION:
Drinking and then driving is very dangerous.
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness and
judgment can be affected by even a small amount
of alcohol. You can have a serious -- or even
fatal -- collision if you drive after drinking.
Please don’t drink and drive or ride with a driver
who has been drinking. Ride home in a cab; or if
you’re with a group, designate a driver who will
not drink.
Control of a Vehicle
You have three systems that make your vehicle go where
you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering and
the accelerator. All three systems have to do their work
at the places where the tires meet the road.
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Braking
Braking action involves perception time and
reaction time.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
That’s perception time. Then you have to bring up your
foot and do it. That’s reaction time.
Sometimes, as when you’re driving on snow or ice, it’s
easy to ask more of those control systems than the tires
and road can provide. That means you can lose control
of your vehicle.
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Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second. But
that’s only an average. It might be less with one driver
and as long as two or three seconds or more with
another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination
and eyesight all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs and
frustration. But even in 3/4 of a second, a vehicle
moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m).
That could be a lot of distance in an emergency, so
keeping enough space between your vehicle and others
is important.
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly
with the surface of the road (whether it’s pavement or
gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire
tread; the condition of your brakes; the weight of the
vehicle and the amount of brake force applied.
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Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive in
spurts -- heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking -- rather than keeping pace with traffic.
This is a mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool
between hard stops. Your brakes will wear out much
faster if you do a lot of heavy braking. If you keep pace
with the traffic and allow realistic following distances,
you will eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking. That
means better braking and longer brake life.
If your engine ever stops while you’re driving, brake
normally but don’t pump your brakes. If you do, the
pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine
stops, you will still have some power brake assist. But
you will use it when you brake. Once the power assist is
used up, it may take longer to stop and the brake pedal
will be harder to push.
Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS)
Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes (ABS). ABS is an
advanced electronic braking system that will help
prevent a braking skid.
When you start your engine and begin to drive away,
your anti-lock brake system will check itself. You may
hear a momentary motor or clicking noise while this test
is going on, and you may even notice that your brake
pedal moves a little. This is normal.
If there’s a problem with the
anti-lock brake system, this
warning light will stay on.
See “Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning Light” in
the Index.
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The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure
faster than any driver could. The computer is
programmed to make the most of available tire
and road conditions.
Here’s how anti-lock works. Let’s say the road is wet.
You’re driving safely. Suddenly an animal jumps out in
front of you.
You slam on the brakes. Here’s what happens with ABS.
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If one
of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer will
separately work the brakes at each front wheel and at
both rear wheels.
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You can steer around the obstacle while braking hard.
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on
wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.
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Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t change the time you need
to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always decrease
stopping distance. If you get too close to the vehicle in
front of you, you won’t have time to apply your brakes
if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops. Always leave
enough room up ahead to stop, even though you have
anti-lock brakes.
Using Anti-Lock
Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down
firmly and let anti-lock work for you. You may hear the
anti-lock pump or motor operate, and feel the brake
pedal pulsate, but this is normal.
Traction Control System
Your vehicle has a traction control system that limits wheel
spin. This is especially useful in slippery road conditions.
The system operates only if it senses that one or both of
the front wheels are spinning or beginning to lose traction.
When this happens, the system works the front brakes and
reduces engine power to limit wheel spin.
The TRACTION ENGAGED message will display on
the Driver Information Center when the traction control
system is limiting wheel spin. See “Driver Information
Center Messages” in the Index. You may feel or hear the
system working, but this is normal.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the traction
control system begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise
control will automatically disengage. When road
conditions allow you to safely use it again, you may
reengage the cruise control. (See “Cruise Control” in
the Index.)
This warning light will
come on to let you know if
there’s a problem with your
traction control system.
See “Traction Control System Warning Light” in the
Index. When this warning light is on, the system will not
limit wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.
The traction control system automatically comes on
whenever you start your vehicle. To limit wheel spin,
especially in slippery road conditions, you should
always leave the system on. But you can turn the
traction control system off if you ever need to. (You
should turn the system off if your vehicle ever gets stuck
in sand, mud, ice or snow. See “Rocking Your Vehicle”
in the Index.)
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To turn the system off, press
the TRAC OFF button
located inside the
glove box.
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer but
it will take much more effort.
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This system continuously adjusts the effort you feel
when steering at all vehicle speeds. It provides ease
when parking yet a firm, solid feel at highway speeds.
The TRACTION OFF message will display on the
Driver Information Center. If the system is limiting
wheel spin when you press the button, the TRACTION
OFF message will display -- but the system won’t turn
off right away. It will wait until there’s no longer a
current need to limit wheel spin.
You can turn the system back on at any time by pressing
the button again. The TRACTION READY message
should display briefly on the Driver Information Center.
Braking in Emergencies
With anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the same
time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more
than even the very best braking.
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Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It’s important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on
the news happen on curves. Here’s why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject to
the same laws of physics when driving on curves. The
traction of the tires against the road surface makes it
possible for the vehicle to change its path when you turn
the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertia will keep
the vehicle going in the same direction. If you’ve ever
tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you’ll understand this.
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The traction you can get in a curve depends on the
condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle at
which the curve is banked, and your speed. While
you’re in a curve, speed is the one factor you
can control.
Suppose you’re steering through a sharp curve.
Then you suddenly accelerate. Both control
systems -- steering and acceleration -- have to do their
work where the tires meet the road. Adding the sudden
acceleration can demand too much of those places. You
can lose control. Refer to “Traction Control System” in
the Index.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach a
curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front
wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through the
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then
accelerate gently into the straightaway.
Steering in Emergencies
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on the
accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you want it
to go, and slow down.
There are times when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come over a hill and
find a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls
out from nowhere, or a child darts out from between
parked cars and stops right in front of you. You can
avoid these problems by braking -- if you can stop in
time. But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t room.
That’s the time for evasive action -- steering around
the problem.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds are
based on good weather and road conditions. Under less
favorable conditions you’ll want to go slower.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies like
these. First apply your brakes. (See “Braking in
Emergencies” earlier in this section.) It is better to
remove as much speed as you can from a possible
collision. Then steer around the problem, to the left or
right depending on the space available.
If you have StabilitrakR, you may see the STABILITY
ENGAGED message on the Driver Information Center.
See “Stability Engaged Message” in the Index.
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Off-Road Recovery
You may find that your right wheels have dropped
off the edge of a road onto the shoulder while
you’re driving.
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you can
turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing
either hand. But you have to act fast, steer quickly, and
just as quickly straighten the wheel once you have
avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving at
all times and wear safety belts properly.
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If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the
accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way, steer
so that your vehicle straddles the edge of the pavement.
You can turn the steering wheel up to one-quarter turn
until the right front tire contacts the pavement edge.
Then turn your steering wheel to go straight down
the roadway.
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Passing
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then goes
back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger can
suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents -- the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
D “Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides and to
crossroads for situations that might affect your passing
patterns. If you have any doubt whatsoever about
making a successful pass, wait for a better time.
D Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and lines.
If you can see a sign up ahead that might indicate a
turn or an intersection, delay your pass. A broken
center line usually indicates it’s all right to pass
(providing the road ahead is clear). Never cross a solid
line on your side of the lane or a double solid line,
even if the road seems empty of approaching traffic.
D Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to pass
while you’re awaiting an opportunity. For one thing,
following too closely reduces your area of vision,
especially if you’re following a larger vehicle. Also,
you won’t have adequate space if the vehicle
ahead suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a
reasonable distance.
D When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up,
start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and don’t
get too close. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move into the
other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will have a
“running start” that more than makes up for the
distance you would lose by dropping back. And if
something happens to cause you to cancel your pass,
you need only slow down and drop back again and
wait for another opportunity.
D If other cars are lined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait
your turn. But take care that someone isn’t trying to
pass you as you pull out to pass the slow vehicle.
Remember to glance over your shoulder and check
the blind spot.
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D Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and
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D
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start your left lane change signal before moving out
of the right lane to pass. When you are far enough
ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front in your
inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal
and move back into the right lane. (Remember that
your right outside mirror is convex. The vehicle you
just passed may seem to be farther away from you
than it really is.)
Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time on
two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the
next vehicle.
Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it may
be slowing down or starting to turn.
If you’re being passed, make it easy for the
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps you
can ease a little to the right.
Loss of Control
Let’s review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems (brakes, steering
and acceleration) don’t have enough friction where the
tires meet the road to do what the driver has asked.
In any emergency, don’t give up. Keep trying to steer and
constantly seek an escape route or area of less danger.
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Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable
care suited to existing conditions, and by not
“overdriving” those conditions. But skids are
always possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your vehicle’s
three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels
aren’t rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too
much speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip and
lose cornering force. And in the acceleration skid, too
much throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
A cornering skid is best handled by easing your foot off
the accelerator pedal.
Remember: Any traction control system helps avoid
only the acceleration skid.
If your traction control system is off, then an
acceleration skid is also best handled by easing your
foot off the accelerator pedal.
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want the
vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough, your
vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready for a
second skid if it occurs.
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If you have StabilitrakR, you may see the STABILITY
ENGAGED message on the Driver Information Center.
See “Stability Engaged Message” in the Index.
Driving at Night
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,
gravel or other material is on the road. For safety, you’ll
want to slow down and adjust your driving to these
conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
vehicle control more limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration or
braking (including engine braking by shifting to a lower
gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires to slide.
You may not realize the surface is slippery until your
vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning
clues -- such as enough water, ice or packed snow on
the road to make a “mirrored surface” -- and slow down
when you have any doubt.
Remember: Any anti-lock brake system (ABS) helps
avoid only the braking skid.
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving.
One reason is that some drivers are likely to be
impaired -- by alcohol or drugs, with night vision
problems, or by fatigue.
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Here are some tips on night driving.
D Drive defensively.
D Don’t drink and drive.
D Since you can’t see as well, you may need to
slow down and keep more space between you and
other vehicles.
D Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your
headlamps can light up only so much road ahead.
D In remote areas, watch for animals.
D If you’re tired, pull off the road in a safe place
and rest.
Night Vision
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But as
we get older these differences increase. A 50-year-old
driver may require at least twice as much light to see the
same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your night
vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your eyes will
have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you’re
driving, don’t wear sunglasses at night. They may cut
down on glare from headlamps, but they also make a lot
of things invisible.
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You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even several
seconds, for your eyes to readjust to the dark. When you
are faced with severe glare (as from a driver who
doesn’t lower the high beams, or a vehicle with
misaimed headlamps), slow down a little. Avoid staring
directly into the approaching headlamps.
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean -- inside and out. Glare at night is made much
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlamps light up far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep your
eyes moving; that way, it’s easier to pick out dimly
lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should be
checked regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes
be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from night
blindness -- the inability to see in dim light -- and aren’t
even aware of it.
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Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet
road, you can’t stop, accelerate or turn as well because
your tire-to-road traction isn’t as good as on dry roads.
And, if your tires don’t have much tread left, you’ll get
even less traction. It’s always wise to go slower and be
cautious if rain starts to fall while you are driving. The
surface may get wet suddenly when your reflexes are
tuned for driving on dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your
windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy rain
can make it harder to see road signs and traffic signals,
pavement markings, the edge of the road and even
people walking.
It’s wise to keep your windshield wiping equipment in
good shape and keep your windshield washer tank filled
with washer fluid. Replace your windshield wiper
inserts when they show signs of streaking or missing
areas on the windshield, or when strips of rubber start to
separate from the inserts.
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CAUTION:
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They won’t work
as well in a quick stop and may cause pulling to
one side. You could lose control of the vehicle.
After driving through a large puddle of water or
a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly until
your brakes work normally.
Hydroplaning
Driving too fast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems, too.
The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid puddles.
But if you can’t, try to slow down before you hit them.
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Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up
under your tires that they can actually ride on the water.
This can happen if the road is wet enough and you’re
going fast enough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning,
it has little or no contact with the road.
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But it can if your
tires do not have much tread or if the pressure in one or
more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is standing on
the road. If you can see reflections from trees, telephone
poles or other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the
water’s surface, there could be hydroplaning.
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Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There
just isn’t a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning. The
best advice is to slow down when it is raining.
City Driving
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
NOTICE:
If you drive too quickly through deep puddles or
standing water, water can come in through your
engine’s air intake and badly damage your
engine. Never drive through water that is slightly
lower than the underbody of your vehicle. If you
can’t avoid deep puddles or standing water, drive
through them very slowly.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
D Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you pass
another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear room
ahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted
by road spray.
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the
amount of traffic on them. You’ll want to watch out for
what the other drivers are doing and pay attention to
traffic signals.
D Have good tires with proper tread depth. (See
“Tires” in the Index.)
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Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
D Know the best way to get to where you are going.
Freeway Driving
Get a city map and plan your trip into an unknown
part of the city just as you would for a
cross-country trip.
D Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross most
large cities. You’ll save time and energy. (See the
next part, “Freeway Driving.”)
D Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic light
is there because the corner is busy enough to need it.
When a light turns green, and just before you start to
move, check both ways for vehicles that have not
cleared the intersection or may be running the
red light.
Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways,
expressways, turnpikes or superhighways) are the safest
of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep
up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the same
speed most of the other drivers are driving. Too-fast or
too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat the
left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.
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At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads to the
freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you
drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to
check traffic. Try to determine where you expect to
blend with the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close to
the prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal, check
your mirrors and glance over your shoulder as often as
necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the
posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it’s slower. Stay
in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to make sure there isn’t another vehicle in your
“blind” spot.
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to move
slightly slower at night.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
The exit speed is usually posted.
Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not
to your sense of motion. After driving for any distance
at higher speeds, you may tend to think you are going
slower than you actually are.
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Make sure you’re ready. Try to be well rested. If you
must start when you’re not fresh -- such as after a day’s
work -- don’t plan to make too many miles that first part
of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing and shoes you
can easily drive in.
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it’s ready to go. If it needs
service, have it done before starting out. Of course,
you’ll find experienced and able service experts in
Cadillac dealerships all across North America. They’ll
be ready and willing to help if you need it.
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the proper
lane well in advance. If you miss your exit, do not,
under any circumstances, stop and back up. Drive on to
the next exit.
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Here are some things you can check before a trip:
D Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full? Are
all windows clean inside and outside?
D Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
D Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
all levels?
D Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
D Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to the
recommended pressure?
D Weather Forecasts: What’s the weather outlook
along your route? Should you delay your trip a short
time to avoid a major storm system?
D Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
Highway Hypnosis
Is there actually such a condition as “highway hypnosis”?
Or is it just plain falling asleep at the wheel? Call it
highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road with
the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on the
road, the drone of the engine, and the rush of the wind
against the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Don’t let it
happen to you! If it does, your vehicle can leave the
road in less than a second, and you could crash and
be injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be
aware that it can happen.
Then here are some tips:
D Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a
comfortably cool interior.
D Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and to
the sides. Check your rearview mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
D If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest, service
or parking area and take a nap, get some exercise, or
both. For safety, treat drowsiness on the highway as
an emergency.
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Hill and Mountain Roads
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you’re
planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable.
D Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system
and transaxle. These parts can work hard on
mountain roads.
D Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do some of the
slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you go
down a steep or long hill.
CAUTION:
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
If you don’t shift down, your brakes could get so
hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would then
have poor braking or even none going down a
hill. You could crash. Shift down to let your
engine assist your brakes on a steep
downhill slope.
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CAUTION:
Winter Driving
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have to
do all the work of slowing down. They could get
so hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would
then have poor braking or even none going down
a hill. You could crash. Always have your engine
running and your vehicle in gear when you
go downhill.
D Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift down
D
D
D
to a lower gear. The lower gears help cool your engine
and transaxle, and you can climb the hill better.
Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Don’t swing wide or cut
across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let
you stay in your own lane.
As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There could be
something in your lane, like a stalled car or an accident.
You may see highway signs on mountains that warn of
special problems. Examples are long grades, passing or
no-passing zones, a falling rocks area or winding
roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate action.
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Here are some tips for winter driving:
D Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
D You may want to put winter emergency supplies in
your trunk.
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Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet the
road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and
the road, you can have a very slippery situation. You’ll
have a lot less traction or “grip” and will need to be
very careful.
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a supply
of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer
clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red cloth and a
couple of reflective warning triangles. And, if you will
be driving under severe conditions, include a small bag
of sand, a piece of old carpet or a couple of burlap bags
to help provide traction. Be sure you properly secure
these items in your vehicle.
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What’s the worst time for this? “Wet ice.” Very cold
snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet
ice can be even more trouble because it may offer the
least traction of all. You can get wet ice when it’s about
freezing (32_F; 0_C) and freezing rain begins to fall.
Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand crews
can get there.
Your anti-lock brakes improve your vehicle’s stability
when you make a hard stop on a slippery road. Even
though you have the anti-lock braking system, you’ll
want to begin stopping sooner than you would on dry
pavement. See “Anti-Lock” in the Index.
Whatever the condition -- smooth ice, packed, blowing
or loose snow -- drive with caution.
D Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine
Keep your traction control system on. It improves your
ability to accelerate when driving on a slippery road.
Even though your vehicle has a traction control system,
you’ll want to slow down and adjust your driving to the
road conditions. See “Traction Control System” in
the Index.
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D Allow greater following distance on any
slippery road.
until you hit a spot that’s covered with ice. On an
otherwise clear road, ice patches may appear in
shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: around
clumps of trees, behind buildings or under bridges.
Sometimes the surface of a curve or an overpass may
remain icy when the surrounding roads are clear. If
you see a patch of ice ahead of you, brake before you
are on it. Try not to brake while you’re actually on
the ice, and avoid sudden steering maneuvers.
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If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
D Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that
you’ve been stopped by the snow.
D Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you.
If you have no blankets or extra clothing, make body
insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags, floor
mats -- anything you can wrap around yourself or
tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a
serious situation. You should probably stay with your
vehicle unless you know for sure that you are near help
and you can hike through the snow. Here are some
things to do to summon help and keep yourself and your
passengers safe:
D Turn on your hazard flashers.
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.
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CAUTION:
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your vehicle.
This can cause deadly CO (carbon monoxide) gas
to get inside. CO could overcome you and kill
you. You can’t see it or smell it, so you might not
know it is in your vehicle. Clear away snow from
around the base of your vehicle, especially any
that is blocking your exhaust pipe. And check
around again from time to time to be sure snow
doesn’t collect there.
Open a window just a little on the side of the
vehicle that’s away from the wind. This will help
keep CO out.
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little faster
than just idle. That is, push the accelerator slightly. This
uses less fuel for the heat that you get and it keeps the
battery charged. You will need a well-charged battery to
restart the vehicle, and possibly for signaling later on
with your headlamps. Let the heater run for a while.
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Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost
all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine again
and repeat this only when you feel really uncomfortable
from the cold. But do it as little as possible. Preserve the
fuel as long as you can. To help keep warm, you can get
out of the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises
every half hour or so until help comes.
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Your vehicle was not designed to be towed with all four
wheels on the ground. If your vehicle must be towed,
see “Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index.
NOTICE:
Towing your vehicle with all four wheels on the
ground will damage drivetrain components.
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Loading Your Vehicle
To tow your vehicle, follow these steps:
1. Put the front wheels on a dolly.
2. Put the vehicle in PARK (P).
3. Set the parking brake and then remove the key.
4. Clamp the steering wheel in a straight-ahead position
with a clamping device designed for towing.
5. Release the parking brake.
Two labels on your vehicle show how much weight it
may properly carry. The Tire-Loading Information label
found on the rear edge of the driver’s door tells you the
proper size, speed rating and recommended inflation
pressures for the tires on your vehicle. It also gives you
important information about the number of people that
can be in your vehicle and the total weight that you can
carry. This weight is called the Vehicle Capacity Weight
and includes the weight of all occupants, cargo and all
options not installed in the factory.
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CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear
GAWR. If you do, parts on your vehicle can
break, and it can change the way your vehicle
handles. These could cause you to lose control
and crash. Also, overloading can shorten the life
of your vehicle.
The other label is the Certification label, found on the
rear edge of the driver’s door. It tells you the gross
weight capacity of your vehicle, called the Gross
Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR). The GVWR includes
the weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel and cargo.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle, or the Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for either the front or
rear axle.
If you do have a heavy load, you should spread it out.
Don’t carry more than 176 lbs. (80 kg) in your trunk.
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NOTICE:
Your warranty does not cover parts or
components that fail because of overloading.
If you put things inside your vehicle -- like suitcases,
tools, packages, or anything else -- they will go as fast
as the vehicle goes. If you have to stop or turn quickly,
or if there is a crash, they’ll keep going.
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CAUTION:
Things you put inside your vehicle can strike and
injure people in a sudden stop or turn, or in
a crash.
D Put things in the trunk of your vehicle. In a
trunk, put them as far forward as you can.
Try to spread the weight evenly.
D Never stack heavier things, like suitcases,
inside the vehicle so that some of them are
above the tops of the seats.
D Don’t leave an unsecured child restraint in
your vehicle.
D When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
Electronic Level Control
This feature keeps the rear of your vehicle level as the
load changes. It’s automatic -- you don’t need to
adjust anything.
Towing a Trailer
CAUTION:
If you don’t use the correct equipment and drive
properly, you can lose control when you pull a
trailer. For example, if the trailer is too heavy, the
brakes may not work well -- or even at all. You
and your passengers could be seriously injured.
You may also damage your vehicle; the resulting
repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Pull a trailer only if you have followed all the
steps in this section. Ask your dealer for advice
and information about towing a trailer with
your vehicle.
Your vehicle can tow a trailer if it is equipped with the
proper trailer towing equipment. To identify what the
vehicle trailering capacity is for your vehicle, you
should read the information in “Weight of the Trailer”
that appears later in this section. But trailering is
different than just driving your vehicle by itself.
Trailering means changes in handling, durability and
fuel economy. Successful, safe trailering takes correct
equipment, and it has to be used properly.
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That’s the reason for this part. In it are many
time-tested, important trailering tips and safety rules.
Many of these are important for your safety and that of
your passengers. So please read this section carefully
before you pull a trailer.
D Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that you
Load-pulling components such as the engine, transaxle,
wheel assemblies and tires are forced to work harder
against the drag of the added weight. The engine is
required to operate at relatively higher speeds and under
greater loads, generating extra heat. What’s more, the
trailer adds considerably to wind resistance, increasing
the pulling requirements.
D Obey speed limit restrictions when towing a trailer.
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
D There are many different laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig will be legal, not only where you live but
also where you’ll be driving. A good source for this
information can be state or provincial police.
D Consider using a sway control. You can ask a hitch
dealer about sway controls.
D Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first 1,000 miles
(1 600 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your engine,
axle or other parts could be damaged.
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tow a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph (80 km/h) and
don’t make starts at full throttle. This helps your
engine and other parts of your vehicle wear in at the
heavier loads.
Don’t drive faster than the maximum posted speed
for trailers (or no more than 55 mph (90 km/h)) to
save wear on your vehicle’s parts.
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
D the weight of the trailer,
D the weight of the trailer tongue
D and the total weight on your vehicle’s tires.
Weight of the Trailer
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It should never weigh more than 1,000 lbs. (450 kg).
This is the total maximum weight, including the load.
But even that can be too heavy.
The maximum trailer weight for your vehicle can be
determined from the Gross Combined Vehicle Weight
(GCVW). The GCVW = curb weight + passenger’s
weight + cargo weight + trailer weight. The GCVW
should never weigh more than 5, 900 lbs. (2 679 kg)
total loaded vehicle and trailer.
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It depends on how you plan to use your rig. For
example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside
temperature and how much your vehicle is used to pull a
trailer are all important. And, it can also depend on any
special equipment that you have on your vehicle.
will be carrying that weight, too. See “Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Index for more information about your
vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or
advice, or you can write us at:
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
P.O. Box 436004
Pontiac, MI 48343-6004
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important
weight to measure because it affects the total or gross
weight of your vehicle. The Gross Vehicle Weight
(GVW) includes the curb weight of the vehicle, any
cargo you may carry in it, and the people who will be
riding in the vehicle. And if you tow a trailer, you must
add the tongue load to the GVW because your vehicle
If you’re using a weight-carrying hitch, the trailer
tongue (A) should weigh 10 percent of the total loaded
trailer weight (B). If you have a weight-distributing
hitch, the trailer tongue (A) should weigh 12 percent of
the total loaded trailer weight (B).
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After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
then the tongue, separately, to see if the weights are
proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get them right
simply by moving some items around in the trailer.
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the upper
limit for cold tires. You’ll find these numbers on the
Tire-Loading Information label at the rear edge of the
driver’s door or see “Loading Your Vehicle” in the
Index. Then be sure you don’t go over the GVW limit
for your vehicle, including the weight of the
trailer tongue.
D Will you have to make any holes in the body of your
vehicle when you install a trailer hitch? If you do,
then be sure to seal the holes later when you remove
the hitch. If you don’t seal them, deadly carbon
monoxide (CO) from your exhaust can get into your
vehicle (see “Carbon Monoxide” in the Index). Dirt
and water can, too.
Safety Chains
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough roads are a
few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch. Here are
some rules to follow:
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the tongue
of the trailer so that the tongue will not drop to the road
if it becomes separated from the hitch. Instructions
about safety chains may be provided by the hitch
manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer. Follow the
manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching safety
chains and do not attach them to the bumper. Always
leave just enough slack so you can turn with your rig.
And, never allow safety chains to drag on the ground.
D The rear bumper on your vehicle is not intended for
Trailer Brakes
Hitches
hitches. Do not attach rental hitches or other
bumper-type hitches to it. Use only a frame-mounted
hitch that does not attach to the bumper.
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Because you have anti-lock brakes, don’t try to tap into
your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system. If you do, both
brake systems won’t work well, or at all.
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Driving with a Trailer
Passing
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before setting out for the open road, you’ll want to get
to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel of
handling and braking with the added weight of the
trailer. And always keep in mind that the vehicle you are
driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a good deal
longer, you’ll need to go much farther beyond the
passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.
Before you start, check the trailer hitch and platform
(and attachments), safety chains, electrical connector,
lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has
electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and
then apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be sure
the brakes are working. This lets you check your
electrical connection at the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the
load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer brakes
are still working.
Following Distance
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as you
would when driving your vehicle without a trailer. This
can help you avoid situations that require heavy braking
and sudden turns.
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that hand
to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move your
hand to the right. Always back up slowly and, if
possible, have someone guide you.
Making Turns
NOTICE:
Making very sharp turns while trailering could
cause the trailer to come in contact with the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid
making very sharp turns while trailering.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider turns than
normal. Do this so your trailer won’t strike soft shoulders,
curbs, road signs, trees or other objects. Avoid jerky or
sudden maneuvers. Signal well in advance.
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Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle may need a
different turn signal flasher and/or extra wiring. Check
with your dealer. The arrows on your instrument panel
will flash whenever you signal a turn or lane change.
Properly hooked up, the trailer lamps will also flash,
telling other drivers you’re about to turn, change lanes
or stop.
Parking on Hills
CAUTION:
You really should not park your vehicle, with a
trailer attached, on a hill. If something goes
wrong, your rig could start to move. People can
be injured, and both your vehicle and the trailer
can be damaged.
When towing a trailer, the arrows on your instrument
panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on the trailer
are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers behind you
are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s important
to check occasionally to be sure the trailer bulbs are
still working.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here’s
how to do it:
Driving On Grades
1. Apply your regular brakes, but do not shift into
PARK (P).
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start
down a long or steep downgrade. If you don’t shift
down, you might have to use your brakes so much that
they would get hot and no longer work well.
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer wheels.
On a long uphill grade, shift down and reduce your
speed to around 45 mph (70 km/h) or less to reduce the
possibility of engine and transaxle overheating.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then shift into
PARK (P) firmly and apply your parking brake.
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3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the
regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load.
5. Release the regular brakes.
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When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you:
D Start your engine;
D Shift into a gear; and
D Be sure the parking brake has released.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re
pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance Schedule booklet
for more on this. Things that are especially important in
trailer operation are automatic transaxle fluid (don’t
overfill), engine oil, drive belt, cooling system and brake
system. If you’re trailering, it’s a good idea to review
this information before you start your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts
are tight.
Engine Cooling When Trailer Towing
Your cooling system may temporarily overheat during
severe operating conditions. See “Engine Overheating”
in the Index.
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NOTES
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Section 5 Problems on the Road
Here you’ll find what to do about some problems that can occur on the road.
5-2
5-3
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5-9
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Hazard Warning Flashers
Other Warning Devices
Jump Starting
Towing Your Vehicle
Engine Overheating
5-13
5-19
5-20
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5-32
Cooling System
If a Tire Goes Flat
Changing a Flat Tire
Compact Spare Tire
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow
5-
5-1
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Hazard Warning Flashers
Press the button in to make your front and rear turn
signal lamps flash on and off.
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They
also let police know you have a problem. Your front and
rear turn signal lamps will flash on and off.
This light on the instrument
panel will flash, indicating
that the hazard warning
flashers are on.
The hazard warning flashers will work once the button
is pressed in regardless of the ignition key position.
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Jump Starting
If your battery has run down, you may want to use
another vehicle and some jumper cables to start your
vehicle. Please follow the steps below to do it safely.
CAUTION:
Pull out on the collar to turn the flashers off. When the
hazard warning flashers are on, the turn signals won’t
work since they are already flashing.
Batteries can hurt you. They can be
dangerous because:
D They contain acid that can burn you.
D They contain gas that can explode or ignite.
D They contain enough electricity to
burn you.
If you don’t follow these steps exactly, some or all
of these things can hurt you.
Other Warning Devices
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up at
the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind
your vehicle.
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NOTICE:
NOTICE:
Ignoring these steps could result in costly damage
to your vehicle that wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
The ACDelco FreedomR battery in your vehicle
has a built-in hydrometer. Do not charge, test or
jump start the battery if the hydrometer looks
clear or light yellow. Replace the battery when
there is a clear or light yellow hydrometer and a
cranking complaint.
Trying to start your vehicle by pushing or pulling
it won’t work, and it could damage your vehicle.
If the other system isn’t a 12-volt system with a
negative ground, both vehicles can be damaged.
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
5-4
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles aren’t touching
each other. If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able to
start your vehicle, and the bad grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette
lighter. Turn off all lamps that aren’t needed as well
as radios. This will avoid sparks and help save both
batteries. In addition, it could save your radio!
4. Open the hoods and locate the batteries. Find
the positive (+) and negative (-) terminals on
each battery.
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CAUTION:
CAUTION:
An electric fan can start up even when the engine
is not running and can injure you. Keep hands,
clothing and tools away from any underhood
electric fan.
5. Start by removing the
red positive (+)
terminal cover.
Using a match near a battery can cause battery
gas to explode. People have been hurt doing this,
and some have been blinded. Use a flashlight if
you need more light.
Be sure the battery has enough water. You don’t
need to add water to the ACDelco FreedomR
battery installed in every new GM vehicle. But if
a battery has filler caps, be sure the right amount
of fluid is there. If it is low, add water to take care
of that first. If you don’t, explosive gas could
be present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn you.
Don’t get it on you. If you accidentally get it in
your eyes or on your skin, flush the place with
water and get medical help immediately.
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6. Check that the jumper cables don’t have loose or
missing insulation. If they do, you could get a shock.
The vehicles could also be damaged.
Before you connect the cables, here are some basic
things you should know. Positive (+) will go to
positive (+) and negative (-) will go to an unpainted
metal engine part. Don’t connect positive (+) to
negative (-) or you will get a short that would
damage the battery and maybe other parts, too.
Also, don’t connect negative (-) to negative (-).
CAUTION:
Fans or other moving engine parts can injure you
badly. Keep your hands away from moving parts
once the engine is running.
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7. Connect the red positive (+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the vehicle with the dead battery.
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8. Don’t let the other
end of the positive (+)
cable touch metal.
Connect it to the
positive (+) terminal
of the good battery.
9. Now connect the black
negative (-) cable to
the good battery’s
negative (-) terminal.
Don’t let the other end of the negative (-) cable touch
anything until the next step. The other end of the
negative (-) cable doesn’t go to the dead battery. It
goes to a heavy unpainted metal part on the engine of
the vehicle with the dead battery.
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10. Attach the cable at least
18 inches (46 cm) away
from the dead battery,
but not near engine parts
that move. The electrical
connection is just as
good there, but the
chance of sparks getting
back to the battery is
much less.
11. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run
the engine for awhile.
12. Try to start the vehicle with the dead battery.
If it won’t start after a few tries, it probably
needs service.
13. Remove the cables in reverse order to prevent
electrical shorting. Take care that they don’t touch
each other or any other metal.
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A. Heavy Metal Engine Part
B. Good Battery
C. Dead Battery
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Towing Your Vehicle
CAUTION:
To help avoid serious personal injury to you
or others:
D Never let passengers ride in a vehicle that is
being towed.
D Never tow faster than safe or posted speeds.
D Never tow with damaged parts not
fully secured.
D Never get under your vehicle after it has
been lifted by the tow truck.
D Always secure the vehicle on each side with
separate safety chains when towing it.
D Use only the correct hooks.
NOTICE:
Use the proper towing equipment to avoid
damage to the bumper, fascia or fog lamp areas
of the vehicle.
With current trends in automotive styles and design, it is
essential that the correct towing equipment is used to
tow a vehicle. Your vehicle can be towed with wheel-lift
or car-carrier equipment.
Consult your dealer or a professional towing service if
you need to have your vehicle towed. See “Roadside
Assistance” in the Index.
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Engine Overheating
You will find an ENGINE COOLANT HOT, IDLE
ENGINE message or an ENGINE OVERHEATED,
STOP ENGINE message on the Driver Information
Center (DIC). You will also hear a chime. There is also
an engine temperature warning light and/or gage on the
instrument panel. See “Engine Coolant Temperature
Warning Light” or “Engine Coolant Temperature Gage”
in the Index.
Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode
Should an overheated engine condition exist and the
message ENGINE OVERHEATED, STOP ENGINE is
displayed, an overheat protection mode which alternates
firing groups of cylinders helps prevent engine damage.
In this mode, you will notice a loss in power and engine
performance. This operating mode allows your vehicle
to be driven to a safe place in an emergency; you may
drive up to 50 miles (80 km). Towing a trailer in the
overheat protection mode should be avoided.
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NOTICE:
After driving in the overheated engine protection
operating mode, to avoid engine damage, allow
the engine to cool before attempting any repair.
The engine oil will be severely degraded. Repair
the cause of coolant loss, change the oil and
reset the oil life indicator. See “Engine Oil”
in the Index.
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If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
CAUTION:
Steam from an overheated engine can burn you
badly, even if you just open the hood. Stay away
from the engine if you see or hear steam coming
from it. Just turn it off and get everyone away
from the vehicle until it cools down. Wait until
there is no sign of steam or coolant before you
open the hood.
If you keep driving when your engine is
overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire. You or
others could be badly burned. Stop your engine if
it overheats, and get out of the vehicle until the
engine is cool.
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NOTICE:
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam,
try this for a minute or so:
1. If your air conditioner is on, turn it off.
If your engine catches fire because you keep
driving with no coolant, your vehicle can be
badly damaged. The costly repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. See “Overheated
Engine Protection Operating Mode” in the Index.
If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
If you get an engine overheat warning but see or hear no
steam, the problem may not be too serious. Sometimes
the engine can get a little too hot when you:
D
D
D
D
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high-speed driving.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer.
2. Dial temperature control to the highest heat setting
and open the windows, as necessary.
3. If you’re in a traffic jam, shift to NEUTRAL (N);
otherwise, shift to the highest gear while
driving -- OVERDRIVE ( ) or THIRD (3).
B
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you can
drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about 10 minutes.
If the warning doesn’t come back on, you can
drive normally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park your
vehicle right away.
If there’s still no sign of steam, idle the engine for three
minutes while you’re parked. If you still have the
warning, turn off the engine and get everyone out of the
vehicle until it cools down. Also, see “Overheated
Engine Protection Operating Mode” listed previously in
this section.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service
help right away.
5-12
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Cooling System
When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
CAUTION:
An electric engine cooling fan under the hood can
start up even when the engine is not running and
can injure you. Keep hands, clothing and tools
away from any underhood electric fan.
If the coolant inside the coolant surge tank is boiling,
don’t do anything else until it cools down.
A. Coolant Surge Tank with Pressure Cap
B. Electric Engine Fans
5-13
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A low coolant level should be indicated by a CHECK
COOLANT LEVEL message on the Driver Information
Center. If it is, you may have a leak in the radiator
hoses, heater hoses, radiator, water pump or somewhere
else in the cooling system.
CAUTION:
Heater and radiator hoses, and other engine
parts, can be very hot. Don’t touch them.
If you do, you can be burned.
Don’t run the engine if there is a leak. If you run
the engine, it could lose all coolant. That could
cause an engine fire, and you could be burned.
Get any leak fixed before you drive the vehicle.
NOTICE:
Engine damage from running your engine
without coolant isn’t covered by your warranty.
See “Overheated Engine Protection Operating
Mode” in the Index.
5-14
NOTICE:
When adding coolant, it is important that you use
only DEX-COOLR (silicate-free) coolant.
If coolant other than DEX-COOL is added to the
system, premature engine, heater core or
radiator corrosion may result. In addition, the
engine coolant will require change sooner -- at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Damage caused by the
use of coolant other than DEX-COOLR is not
covered by your new vehicle warranty.
If there seems to be no leak, with the engine on, check to
see if the electric engine cooling fans are running. If the
engine is overheating, both fans should be running. If
they aren’t, your vehicle needs service.
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How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Surge Tank
If you haven’t found a problem yet, but the coolant level
isn’t at the proper level (2.5 inches (6.4 cm) below the
base of the fill neck), add a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOLR coolant at the
coolant surge tank, but be sure the cooling system,
including the coolant surge tank pressure cap, is cool
before you do it. (See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for
more information.)
CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot cooling
system can blow out and burn you badly. They
are under pressure, and if you turn the coolant
surge tank pressure cap -- even a little -- they
can come out at high speed. Never turn the cap
when the cooling system, including the coolant
surge tank pressure cap, is hot. Wait for the
cooling system and coolant surge tank pressure
cap to cool if you ever have to turn the
pressure cap.
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CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid like alcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’s coolant
warning system is set for the proper coolant
mixture. With plain water or the wrong mixture,
your engine could get too hot but you wouldn’t
get the overheat warning. Your engine could
catch fire and you or others could be burned.
Use a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water
and DEX-COOLR coolant.
5-16
NOTICE:
In cold weather, water can freeze and crack the
engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.
So use the recommended coolant.
CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
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1. You can remove the coolant surge tank pressure cap
when the cooling system, including the coolant
surge tank pressure cap and upper radiator hose,
is no longer hot. Turn the pressure cap slowly
counterclockwise (left) until it first stops. (Don’t
press down while turning the pressure cap.)
2. Then keep turning the cap, but now push down as
you turn it. Remove the pressure cap.
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss means
there is still some pressure left.
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3. Then fill the coolant surge tank with the proper
mixture, to the base of the filler neck.
4. With the coolant surge tank pressure cap off, start the
engine and let it run until you can feel the upper
radiator hose getting hot. Watch out for the engine
cooling fans.
By this time, the coolant level inside the coolant
surge tank may be lower. If the level is lower, add
more of the proper mixture to the coolant surge tank
until the level reaches about 2.5 inches (6.4 cm)
below the base of the filler neck.
5-18
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If a Tire Goes Flat
It’s unusual for a tire to “blow out” while you’re driving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air goes
out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly.
But if you should ever have a “blowout,” here are a few
tips about what to expect and what to do:
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag that
pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off the
accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake to
a stop well out of the traffic lane.
5. Then replace the pressure cap. Be sure the arrows on
the pressure cap line up like this.
Start the engine and allow it to warm up. If the CHECK
COOLANT LEVEL message does not appear on the
Driver Information Center, coolant is at the proper fill
level. If a CHECK COOLANT LEVEL message does
appear, repeat Steps 1 to 3 and reinstall the pressure cap
or see your dealer.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much like a
skid and may require the same correction you’d use in a
skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot from the
accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may be
very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently
brake to a stop -- well off the road if possible.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use your
jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.
5-19
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Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage
by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on your hazard
warning flashers.
CAUTION:
Changing a tire can cause an injury. The vehicle
can slip off the jack and roll over you or other
people. You and they could be badly injured.
Find a level place to change your tire. To help
prevent the vehicle from moving:
1. Put the shift lever in PARK (P).
2. Set the parking brake firmly.
3. Turn off the engine.
To be even more certain the vehicle won’t move,
you can put blocks at the front and rear of the
tire farthest away from the one being changed.
That would be the tire on the other side of the
vehicle, at the opposite end.
5-20
The following steps will tell you how to use the jack and
change a tire.
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Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
The equipment you’ll need is in the trunk. Pull the
carpeting from the floor of the trunk. Turn the
retainer (center dial) on the compact spare cover
counterclockwise to remove it. Lift and remove the
cover. (See “Compact Spare Tire” in the Index for
more information about the compact spare.)
Lift up the tire to remove it from the trunk.
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Turn the nut holding the jack and wheel wrench
counterclockwise and remove it. Then remove the jack
and wrench.
5-22
The tools you’ll be using include the jack (A) and the
wheel wrench (B).
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Removing the Wheel Cover
There is a center wheel cover on the aluminum wheel.
Using the flat end of the wheel wrench, gently pry the
wheel cover off. Be careful not to scratch the aluminum
wheel edge and don’t try to remove it with your hands.
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the
Spare Tire
1. Using the wheel wrench, loosen all the wheel nuts.
Don’t remove them yet.
5-23
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2. Find the jacking location from the diagram above
and corresponding cutouts in the plastic molding.
5-24
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CAUTION:
Getting under a vehicle when it is jacked up is
dangerous. If the vehicle slips off the jack, you
could be badly injured or killed. Never get under
a vehicle when it is supported only by a jack.
4. Position the jack under the vehicle and raise the jack
lift head until it fits firmly into the notch in the
vehicle’s frame nearest the flat tire.
Put the compact spare tire near you.
CAUTION:
Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly
positioned can damage the vehicle and even make
the vehicle fall. To help avoid personal injury
and vehicle damage, be sure to fit the jack lift
head into the proper location before raising
the vehicle.
3. Attatch the wheel wrench to the jack. Turn the wheel
wrench counterclockwise to lower the jack lift head
until the jack fits under the car.
5. Raise the vehicle by turning the wheel wrench
clockwise. Raise the vehicle far enough off the
ground so that the flat tire can be removed and the
spare tire will fit on the wheel mounting surface.
6. Remove all wheel nuts and take off the flat tire.
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7. Remove any rust or dirt
from the wheel bolts,
mounting surfaces and
spare wheel.
CAUTION:
Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts. If you
do, the nuts might come loose. Your wheel could
fall off, causing a serious accident.
8. Place the spare on the
wheel-mounting surface.
CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make the wheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could come
off and cause an accident. When you change a
wheel, remove any rust or dirt from the places
where the wheel attaches to the vehicle. In an
emergency, you can use a cloth or a paper towel
to do this; but be sure to use a scraper or wire
brush later, if you need to, to get all the rust or
dirt off.
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9. Replace the wheel nuts
with the rounded end of
the nuts toward the
wheel. Tighten each nut
by hand until the wheel
is held against the hub.
10. Lower the vehicle by turning the wheel wrench
counterclockwise. Lower the jack completely.
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11. Tighten the wheel nuts
firmly in a crisscross
sequence as shown.
NOTICE:
Improperly tightened wheel nuts can lead to
brake pulsation and rotor damage. To avoid
expensive brake repairs, evenly tighten the wheel
nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper
torque specification.
Don’t try to put a wheel cover on your compact spare
tire. It won’t fit. Store the wheel cover in the trunk
until you have the flat tire repaired or replaced.
CAUTION:
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened
wheel nuts can cause the wheel to become loose
and even come off. This could lead to an accident.
Be sure to use the correct wheel nuts. If you have
to replace them, be sure to get new GM original
equipment wheel nuts.
Stop somewhere as soon as you can and have
the nuts tightened with a torque wrench to
100 lb-ft (140 N·m).
5-28
NOTICE:
Wheel covers won’t fit on your compact spare. If
you try to put a wheel cover on your compact
spare, you could damage the cover or the
compact spare.
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Storing the Flat Tire and Tools
CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose
equipment could strike someone. Store all these
in the proper place.
After you’ve put the compact spare tire on your vehicle,
you’ll need to store the flat tire in your trunk. Put the flat
tire in the trunk so the side that faces out when it is on
the vehicle is facing down. The full-size tire will not fit
down into the well. Place it so the front is in the well
and the rear is out of the well.
Secure the tire with the retainer that was used to hold the
compact spare in place. Store the cover as far forward
as possible.
5-29
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Storing the Spare Tire and Tools
CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose
equipment could strike someone. Store all these
in the proper place.
The compact spare is for temporary use only. Replace
the compact spare tire with a full-size tire as soon as you
can. See the storage instructions label to replace your
compact spare into your trunk properly.
5-30
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Compact Spare Tire
Although the compact spare tire was fully inflated when
your vehicle was new, it can lose air after a time.
Check the inflation pressure regularly. It should be
60 psi (420 kPa).
After installing the compact spare on your vehicle, you
should stop as soon as possible and make sure your
spare tire is correctly inflated. The compact spare is
made to perform well at speeds up to 65 mph
(105 km/h) for distances up to 3,000 miles (5 000 km),
so you can finish your trip and have your full-size tire
repaired or replaced where you want. Of course, it’s best
to replace your spare with a full-size tire as soon as you
can. Your spare will last longer and be in good shape in
case you need it again.
NOTICE:
When the compact spare is installed, don’t take
your vehicle through an automatic car wash with
guide rails. The compact spare can get caught on
the rails. That can damage the tire and wheel,
and maybe other parts of your vehicle.
Don’t use your compact spare on other vehicles.
And don’t mix your compact spare tire or wheel with
other wheels or tires. They won’t fit. Keep your spare
tire and its wheel together.
NOTICE:
Tire chains won’t fit your compact spare. Using
them can damage your vehicle and can damage
the chains too. Don’t use tire chains on your
compact spare.
5-31
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If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud,
Ice or Snow
NOTICE:
In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck, you will
need to spin the wheels, but you don’t want to spin your
wheels too fast. The method known as “rocking” can
help you get out when you’re stuck, but you must
use caution.
Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of your
vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin the wheels
too fast while shifting your transaxle back and
forth, you can destroy your transaxle.
CAUTION:
If you let your tires spin at high speed, they can
explode, and you or others could be injured.
And, the transaxle or other parts of the vehicle
can overheat. That could cause an engine
compartment fire or other damage. When you’re
stuck, spin the wheels as little as possible. Don’t
spin the wheels above 35 mph (55 km/h) as shown
on the speedometer.
5-32
For information about using tire chains on your vehicle,
see “Tire Chains” in the Index.
Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will
clear the area around your front wheels. You should turn
your traction control system off. (See “Traction Control
System” in the Index.) Then shift back and forth
between REVERSE (R) and a forward gear, spinning the
wheels as little as possible. Release the accelerator pedal
while you shift, and press lightly on the accelerator
pedal when the transaxle is in gear. By slowly spinning
your wheels in the forward and reverse directions, you
will cause a rocking motion that may free your vehicle.
If that doesn’t get you out after a few tries, you may
need to be towed out. If you do need to be towed out,
see “Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index.
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Section 6 Service and Appearance Care
Here you will find information about the care of your vehicle. This section begins with service and fuel information,
and then it shows how to check important fluid and lubricant levels. There is also technical information about your
vehicle, and a part devoted to its appearance care.
6-2
6-3
6-5
6-5
6-8
6-8
6-11
6-16
6-19
6-23
6-27
6-29
6-32
6-33
6-39
6-40
6-48
6-48
6-50
Service
Fuel
Fuels in Foreign Countries
Filling Your Tank
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
Checking Things Under the Hood
Engine Oil
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
Engine Coolant
Windshield Washer Fluid
Brakes
Battery
Bulb Replacement
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
Tires
Appearance Care
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Care
6- of Safety Belts
6-50
6-50
6-50
6-51
6-52
6-52
6-52
6-53
6-53
6-54
6-55
6-55
6-64
6-65
6-65
6-66
Cleaning Glass Surfaces
Cleaning the Outside of the Windshield and
Wiper Blades
Weatherstrips
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle
Cleaning Aluminum or Chrome-Plated
Wheels (If Equipped)
Cleaning Tires
Sheet Metal Damage
Underbody Maintenance
Chemical Paint Spotting
GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Electrical System
Replacement Bulbs
Capacities and Specifications
Air Conditioning Refrigerants
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
6-1
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Service
Doing Your Own Service Work
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to
be happy with it. We hope you’ll go to your dealer for
all your service needs. You’ll get genuine GM parts and
GM-trained and supported service people.
If you want to do some of your own service work, you’ll
want to use the proper service manual. It tells you much
more about how to service your vehicle than this manual
can. To order the proper service manual, see “Service
and Owner Publications” in the Index.
We hope you’ll want to keep your GM vehicle all GM.
Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
do your own service work, see “Servicing Your Air
Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and list
the mileage and the date of any service work you
perform. See “Maintenance Record” in the Maintenance
Schedule booklet.
6-2
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CAUTION:
You can be injured and your vehicle could be
damaged if you try to do service work on a
vehicle without knowing enough about it.
D Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, the proper replacement parts
and tools before you attempt any vehicle
maintenance task.
D Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and
other fasteners. “English” and “metric”
fasteners can be easily confused. If you use
the wrong fasteners, parts can later break
or fall off. You could be hurt.
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle
Things you might add to the outside of your vehicle can
affect the airflow around it. This may cause wind noise
and affect windshield washer performance. Check with
your dealer before adding equipment to the outside of
your vehicle.
Fuel
Use premium unleaded gasoline rated at 91 octane or
higher for best performance. You may use middle grade
or regular unleaded gasolines, but your vehicle may not
accelerate as well.
It is recommended that the gasoline meet specifications
which have been developed by the American
Automobile Manufacturers Association (AAMA) and
endorsed by the Canadian Motor Vehicle Manufacturers
Association for better vehicle performance and engine
protection. Gasolines meeting the AAMA specification
could provide improved driveability and emission
control system performance compared to other
gasolines. For more information, write to: American
Automobile Manufacturer’s Association, 7430 Second
Ave, Suite 300, Detroit MI 48202.
Be sure the posted octane for premium is at least 91 (at
least 89 for middle grade and 87 for regular). If the
octane is less than 87, you may get a heavy knocking
noise when you drive. If it’s bad enough, it can damage
your engine.
If you’re using fuel rated at the recommended octane or
higher and you hear heavy knocking, your engine needs
service. But don’t worry if you hear a little pinging
noise when you’re accelerating or driving up a hill.
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That’s normal, and you don’t have to buy a higher
octane fuel to get rid of pinging. It’s the heavy, constant
knock that means you have a problem.
The malfunction indicator lamp on your instrument
panel may turn on. If this occurs, return to your
authorized Cadillac dealer for service.
If your vehicle is certified to meet California Emission
Standards (indicated on the underhood emission control
label), it is designed to operate on fuels that meet
California specifications. If such fuels are not available
in states adopting California emissions standards, your
vehicle will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting
federal specifications, but emission control system
performance may be affected. The malfunction indicator
lamp on your instrument panel may turn on and/or your
vehicle may fail a smog-check test. (See “Malfunction
Indicator Lamp” in the Index.) If this occurs, return to
your authorized Cadillac dealer for diagnosis to
determine the cause of failure. In the event it is
determined that the cause of the condition is the type of
fuels used, repairs may not be covered by your warranty.
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United States
are now required to contain additives that will help
prevent deposits from forming in your engine and fuel
system, allowing your emission control system to
function properly. Therefore, you should not have to add
anything to the fuel. In addition, gasolines containing
oxygenates, such as ethers and ethanol, and
reformulated gasolines may be available in your area to
contribute to clean air. General Motors recommends that
you use these gasolines, particularly if they comply with
the specifications described earlier.
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
emissions may contain an octane-enhancing additive
called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
(MMT); ask your service station operator whether or not
the fuel contains MMT. General Motors does not
recommend the use of such gasolines. If fuels containing
MMT are used, spark plug life may be reduced and your
emission control system performance may be affected.
Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that
contains methanol. Don’t use it. It can corrode
metal parts in your fuel system and also damage
plastic and rubber parts. That damage wouldn’t
be covered under your warranty.
6-4
NOTICE:
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Fuels in Foreign Countries
Filling Your Tank
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
United States or Canada, the proper fuel may be hard to
find. Never use leaded gasoline or any other fuel not
recommended in the previous text on fuel. Costly repairs
caused by use of improper fuel wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
To check on fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business in the
country where you’ll be driving.
You can also write us at the following address for
advice. Just tell us where you’re going and give your
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
General Motors Overseas Distribution Corporation
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
The cap is behind a hinged door on the driver’s side of
your vehicle.
6-5
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CAUTION:
Gasoline vapor is highly flammable. It burns
violently, and that can cause very bad injuries.
Don’t smoke if you’re near gasoline or refueling
your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames and smoking
materials away from gasoline.
An alternate fuel door
release is located inside of
the trunk on the driver’s
side. Pull it to release the
fuel door.
The fuel door release is
located above the radio on
the Driver Information
Center (DIC) and on the
Remote Keyless Entry
(RKE) transmitter.
This button works only when the shift lever is in
PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) and the VALET lockout
switch is in the OFF position.
6-6
While refueling, hang the cap by the tether from the
hook on the filler door.
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To remove the cap, turn it slowly to the left
(counterclockwise). The cap has a spring in it; if you let
go of the cap too soon, it will spring back to the right.
CAUTION:
If you get gasoline on yourself and then
something ignites it, you could be badly burned.
Gasoline can spray out on you if you open the
fuel filler cap too quickly. This spray can happen
if your tank is nearly full, and is more likely in
hot weather. Open the fuel filler cap slowly and
wait for any “hiss” noise to stop. Then unscrew
the cap all the way.
Be careful not to spill gasoline. Clean gasoline from
painted surfaces as soon as possible. See “Cleaning the
Outside of Your Vehicle” in the Index.
When you put the cap back on, turn it to the right
(clockwise) until you hear a clicking sound. Make sure
you fully install the cap. The diagnostic system can
determine if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly
installed. This would allow fuel to evaporate into the
atmosphere. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in
the Index.
NOTICE:
If you need a new cap, be sure to get the right
type. Your dealer can get one for you. If you get
the wrong type, it may not fit properly. This may
cause your malfunction indicator lamp to light
and your fuel tank and emissions system may be
damaged. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in
the Index.
6-7
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Filling a Portable Fuel Container
CAUTION:
Never fill a portable fuel container while it is in
your vehicle. Static electricity discharge from the
container can ignite the gasoline vapor. You can
be badly burned and your vehicle damaged if this
occurs. To help avoid injury to you and others:
D Dispense gasoline only into
approved containers.
D Do not fill a container while it is inside a
vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup bed or
on any surface other than the ground.
D Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the
inside of the fill opening before operating
the nozzle. Contact should be maintained
until the filling is complete.
D Don’t smoke while pumping gasoline.
6-8
Checking Things Under the Hood
CAUTION:
An electric fan under the hood can start up and
injure you even when the engine is not running.
Keep hands, clothing and tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
CAUTION:
Things that burn can get on hot engine parts and
start a fire. These include liquids like gasoline,
oil, coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer and
other fluids, and plastic or rubber. You or others
could be burned. Be careful not to drop or spill
things that will burn onto a hot engine.
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Hood Release
Pull the lever inside the
vehicle to open the hood. It
is located on the lower left
side of the instrument panel.
Then go to the front of the vehicle and find the
secondary hood release, which is located under the front
edge of the grille. Lift up on the release lever as you
raise the hood.
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When you open the hood, you’ll see:
A. Battery
B. Engine Coolant Fill Location
C. Power Steering Fluid
G. Transaxle Dipstick/Fluid
Fill Location
H. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
I. Windshield Washer Fluid
Before closing the hood, be sure all filler caps are on properly. Then pull the hood down and close it firmly.
6-10
D. Engine Oil Fill Location
E. Engine Oil Dipstick
F. Brake Master Cylinder
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Underhood Lamp
Turn the parking lamps on to operate the underhood
lamp. The underhood lamp will come on when the hood
is opened.
The engine oil dipstick is
located behind the radiator
on the driver’s side of the
engine. The black handle
says ENGINE OIL on it.
Engine Oil
A CHECK OIL LEVEL message will appear when the
engine oil is approximately 1 quart (1L) low. If the
message is displayed, check the dipstick level and add
oil as needed.
Turn off the engine and give the oil several minutes to
drain back into the oil pan. If you don’t, the oil dipstick
might not show the actual level.
It’s a good idea to check your engine oil every time you
get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading, the oil must
be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
6-11
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Checking Engine Oil
Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or
cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it again,
keeping the tip down, and check the level.
NOTICE:
Don’t add too much oil. If your engine has so
much oil that the oil level gets above the upper
mark that shows the proper operating range,
your engine could be damaged.
The engine oil fill cap is
located behind the radiator
on the passenger’s side of
the engine. Turn the cap
counterclockwise to
remove it.
When to Add Engine Oil
If the oil is at or below the ADD line, then you’ll need
to add at least one quart of oil. But you must use the
right kind. This part explains what kind of oil to use. For
crankcase capacity, see “Capacities and Specifications”
in the Index.
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Be sure to fill it enough to put the level somewhere in
the proper operating range. Push the dipstick all the way
back in when you’re through.
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What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
Oils recommended for your vehicle can be identified by
looking for the “Starburst” symbol. This symbol
indicates that the oil has been certified by the American
Petroleum Institute (API). Do not use any oil which
does not carry this Starburst symbol.
If you change your own oil,
be sure you use oil that has
the Starburst symbol on the
front of the oil container. If
you have your oil changed
for you, be sure the oil put
into your engine is
American Petroleum
Institute certified for
gasoline engines.
You should also use the proper viscosity oil for your
vehicle, as shown in the following chart:
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As shown in the chart, SAE 10W-30 is best for your
vehicle. However, you can use SAE 5W-30 if it’s going
to be colder than 60 F (16 C) before your next oil
change. When it’s very cold, you should use
SAE 5W-30. These numbers on an oil container show
its viscosity, or thickness. Do not use other viscosity
oils, such as SAE 20W-50.
_
_
NOTICE:
Use only engine oil with the American Petroleum
Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines
“Starburst” symbol. Failure to use the
recommended oil can result in engine damage not
covered by your warranty.
GM GoodwrenchR oil meets all the requirements for
your vehicle.
If you are in an area where the temperature falls below
-20 F (-29 C), consider using either an SAE 5W-30
synthetic oil or an SAE 0W-30 oil. Both will provide
easier cold starting and better protection for your engine
at extremely low temperatures.
_
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Engine Oil Additives
Don’t add anything to your oil. Your dealer is ready to
advise if you think something should be added.
When to Change Engine Oil
Your vehicle has a computer that lets you know when to
change your engine oil. This is not based on mileage,
but on engine revolutions and engine operating
temperature. When the computer has calculated that the
oil needs changing, the Oil Life Indicator will indicate
that a change is necessary. The mileage between oil
changes will vary depending on how you drive your
vehicle -- usually between 3,000 miles (5 000 km) and
7,500 miles (12 500 km) since your last oil change.
Under severe conditions, the indicator may come on
before 3,000 miles (5 000 km). Never drive your vehicle
more than 7,500 miles (12 500 km) or 12 months
(whichever occurs first) without an oil change.
The system won’t detect dust in the oil. So, if you drive
in a dusty area, be sure to change your oil every
3,000 miles (5 000 km) or sooner. Remember to reset
the Oil Life Indicator whenever the oil is changed.
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How to Reset the Oil Life Indicator
What to Do with Used Oil
After the oil has been changed, display the OIL LIFE
LEFT message by pressing the SKIP INFO button. Then
press and hold the NO INFO RESET button until the
display shows 100% ENGINE OIL LIFE. This resets the
oil life index. The message will remain off until the next
oil change is needed. The percentage of oil life
remaining may be checked at any time by pressing the
SKIP INFO button several times until the OIL LIFE
LEFT message appears. For more information on the Oil
Life feature, see “Oil Life Indicator” in the Index.
Did you know that used engine oil contains certain
elements that may be unhealthy for your skin and could
even cause cancer? Don’t let used oil stay on your skin
for very long. Clean your skin and nails with soap and
water, or a good hand cleaner. Wash or properly throw
away clothing or rags containing used engine oil. (See
the manufacturer’s warnings about the use and disposal
of oil products.)
Used oil can be a real threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all free-flowing oil
from the filter before disposal. Don’t ever dispose of oil
by putting it in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into
sewers, or into streams or bodies of water. Instead,
recycle it by taking it to a place that collects used oil. If
you have a problem properly disposing of your used oil,
ask your dealer, a service station or a local recycling
center for help.
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Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
The air cleaner is located next to the windshield washer
fluid reservoir on the driver’s side of the engine. Be sure
the engine has cooled before following these steps to
replace the air cleaner filter:
1. Disconnect the Intake
Air Temperature (IAT)
sensor from the base of
the air cleaner.
2. With a screwdriver,
loosen the air duct clamp,
which is located at the
mass airflow sensor end
of the air duct.
3. Disconnect the air duct from the mass airflow sensor.
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4. Unhook both air cleaner cover latches. One latch is
located near the radiator hose (not shown) and the
other latch is located next to the IAT sensor.
6. Take out the air cleaner filter and remove any
loose debris that may be found laying in the air
cleaner base.
5. Pivot the air cleaner and air duct assembly toward
the front of the vehicle. Remove the cover.
7. Install a new air filter element. See “Normal
Maintenance Replacement Parts” in the Index.
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Follow these steps to reinstall the air cleaner assembly:
1. Slide the air cleaner lid into the slots in the front
edge of the air cleaner base.
2. Pivot the air cleaner cover and the air duct assembly
downward. Make sure that both latches are secure
and fully engaged.
3. Reinstall the clean air duct over the mass airflow
sensor. Make sure that the duct is secure around the
entire outer edge of the sensor.
4. Tighten the air duct clamp.
CAUTION:
Operating the engine with the air cleaner/filter
off can cause you or others to be burned. The air
cleaner not only cleans the air, it stops flame if
the engine backfires. If it isn’t there, and the
engine backfires, you could be burned. Don’t
drive with it off, and be careful working on the
engine with the air cleaner/filter off.
5. Reconnect the IAT sensor.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when to
replace the air filter.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the
Maintenance Schedule booklet.
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NOTICE:
If the air cleaner/filter is off, a backfire can
cause a damaging engine fire. And, dirt can easily
get into your engine, which will damage it.
Always have the air cleaner/filter in place when
you’re driving.
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Automatic Transaxle Fluid
How to Check
When to Check and Change
Because this operation can be a little difficult, you
may choose to have this done at the dealership
service department.
A good time to check your automatic transaxle fluid
level is when the engine oil is changed.
Change both the fluid and filter every 50,000 miles
(83 000 km) if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
D In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90_F (32_C) or higher.
D In hilly or mountainous terrain.
D When doing frequent trailer towing.
D Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these
conditions, the fluid and filter do not require change
until the message CHANGE TRANS FLUID appears on
the Driver Information Center.
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the
instructions here, or you could get a false reading
on the dipstick.
NOTICE:
Too much or too little fluid can damage your
transaxle. Too much can mean that some of the
fluid could come out and fall on hot engine parts
or exhaust system parts, starting a fire. Be sure to
get an accurate reading if you check your
transaxle fluid.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the
Maintenance Schedule booklet.
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Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the transaxle
fluid level if you have been driving:
Then, without shutting off the engine, follow these steps:
D
D
D
D
When outside temperatures are above 90_F (32_C).
At high speed for quite a while.
In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather.
While pulling a trailer.
To get the right reading, the fluid should be at normal
operating temperature, which is 180_F to 200_F
(82_C to 93_C).
Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about 15 miles
(24 km) when outside temperatures are above 50_F
(10_C). If it’s colder than 50_F (10_C), you may have
to drive longer.
Checking the Fluid Level
D Park your vehicle on a level place. Keep the
engine running.
D With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever
in PARK (P).
D With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
lever through each gear range, pausing for about
three seconds in each range. Then, position the shift
lever in PARK (P).
D Let the engine run at idle for three to five minutes.
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1. The black transaxle fluid cap is located next to the
radiator hose and below the air cleaner assembly on
the driver’s side of the engine. Remove the air
cleaner assembly so you can reach the transaxle fluid
cap. The assembly is attached to the vehicle by two
fasteners. Simply lift up on the air cleaner assembly
to remove it. Find the transaxle fluid cap and turn it
to the left to remove. Pull out the dipstick and wipe it
with a clean rag or paper towel.
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2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and
then pull it back out again.
If the fluid level is low, add only enough of the proper
fluid to bring the level into the cross-hatched area on
the dipstick.
1. Pull out the dipstick.
2. Using a long-neck funnel, add enough fluid at the
dipstick hole to bring it to the proper level.
It doesn’t take much fluid, generally less than
one pint (0.5 L). Don’t overfill.
3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read the
lower level. The fluid level must be in the
cross-hatched area.
4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push
the dipstick back in all the way. Replace the air
cleaner assembly.
How to Add Fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of transaxle fluid to use. See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants” in the Maintenance
Schedule booklet.
NOTICE:
We recommend you use only fluid labeled
DEXRONR-III, because fluid with that label is
made especially for your automatic transaxle.
Damage caused by fluid other than
DEXRONR-III is not covered by your new
vehicle warranty.
3. After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as
described under “How to Check.”
4. When the correct fluid level is obtained, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
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How to Reset Transaxle Fluid
Change Indicator
Your vehicle is equipped with a transaxle fluid change
indicator. A CHANGE TRANS FLUID message will
display on the Driver Information Center (DIC) when
the powertrain computer determines that the transaxle
fluid needs to be changed or at each 100,000 miles
(160 000 km) interval, whichever occurs first. See your
Maintenance Schedule booklet for more information.
When this message appears, change the transaxle fluid
and reset the transaxle fluid life indicator as follows:
1. Turn the ignition on but do not start the engine.
2. Press and hold the OFF and rear defog buttons on the
climate control system at the same time until the
TRANS FLUID RESET message appears on the DIC.
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Surge Tank Pressure Cap
NOTICE:
The surge tank cap is a 15 psi (105 kPa)
pressure-type cap and must be tightly installed
to prevent coolant loss and possible engine
damage from overheating. Be sure the arrows on
the cap line up.
If the surge tank pressure cap needs to be replaced, a
GM cap is recommended.
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Thermostat
Engine coolant temperature is controlled by a thermostat
in the engine coolant system. The thermostat stops the
flow of coolant through the radiator until the coolant
reaches a preset temperature.
If your thermostat needs to be replaced, a GM
thermostat is recommended.
Engine Coolant
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOLR engine coolant. This coolant is designed
to remain in your vehicle for 5 years or 150,000 miles
(240 000 km), whichever occurs first, if you add only
DEX-COOLR extended life coolant.
The following explains your cooling system and how
to add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem
with engine overheating, see “Engine Overheating” in
the Index.
A 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOLR coolant will:
D
D
D
D
D
Give freezing protection down to -34_F (-37_C).
Give boiling protection up to 265_F (129_C).
Protect against rust and corrosion.
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
Let the warning lights and gages work as
they should.
NOTICE:
When adding coolant, it is important that you use
only DEX-COOLR (silicate-free) coolant.
If coolant other than DEX-COOL is added to the
system, premature engine, heater core or
radiator corrosion may result. In addition, the
engine coolant will require change sooner -- at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Damage caused by the use
of coolant other than DEX-COOLR is not
covered by your new vehicle warranty.
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What to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clean, drinkable water and
one-half DEX-COOLR coolant which won’t damage
aluminum parts. If you use this coolant mixture, you
don’t need to add anything else.
CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid like alcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’s coolant
warning system is set for the proper coolant
mixture. With plain water or the wrong mixture,
your engine could get too hot but you wouldn’t
get the overheat warning. Your engine could
catch fire and you or others could be burned. Use
a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOLR coolant.
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NOTICE:
If you use an improper coolant mixture, your
engine could overheat and be badly damaged.
The repair cost wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Too much water in the mixture can
freeze and crack the engine, radiator, heater core
and other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than four times a year,
have your dealer check your cooling system.
NOTICE:
If you use the proper coolant, you don’t have to
add extra inhibitors or additives which claim to
improve the system. These can be harmful.
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Checking Coolant
CAUTION:
Turning the surge tank pressure cap when the
engine and radiator are hot can allow steam and
scalding liquids to blow out and burn you badly.
Never turn the surge tank pressure cap -- even a
little -- when the engine and radiator are hot.
The vehicle must be on a level surface. When your engine
is cold, the coolant level should be at the full cold mark,
which is 2.5 inches (6.4 cm) below the base of the fill
neck. Use a flashlight as necessary to see into the tank.
The surge tank is located next to the engine block on the
passenger’s side of the engine.
The cooling system is under a lot of pressure when it is
hot. If the CHECK COOLANT LEVEL message
appears on the Driver Information Center (DIC), you
will need to add coolant.
If the CHECK COOLANT LEVEL message comes on
and stays on, it means you’re low on engine coolant.
For more information, see “Check Coolant Level
Message” in the Index.
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Adding Coolant
If you need more coolant, add the proper DEX-COOLR
coolant mixture at the surge tank, but only when the
engine is cool.
CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
When replacing the pressure cap, make sure it
is hand-tight.
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Power Steering Fluid
The power steering fluid
reservoir is located next to
the coolant surge tank on
the passenger’s side of
the engine.
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When to Check Power Steering Fluid
What to Use
It is not necessary to regularly check power steering
fluid unless you suspect there is a leak in the system or
you hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss in this system
could indicate a problem. Have the system inspected
and repaired.
To determine what kind of fluid to use, see
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the
Maintenance Schedule booklet. Always use the proper
fluid. Failure to use the proper fluid can cause leaks and
damage hoses and seals.
How to Check Power Steering Fluid
Windshield Washer Fluid
When the engine compartment is cool, wipe the cap and
the top of the reservoir clean, then unscrew the cap and
wipe the dipstick with a clean rag. Replace the cap and
completely tighten it. Then remove the cap again and
look at the fluid level on the dipstick.
What to Use
The level should be at the FULL COLD mark. If
necessary, add only enough fluid to bring the level up to
the mark.
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure to read
the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If you will be
operating your vehicle in an area where the temperature
may fall below freezing, use a fluid that has sufficient
protection against freezing.
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Adding Washer Fluid
The CHECK WASHER FLUID message will be
displayed on the Driver Information Center (DIC) when
the fluid is low.
NOTICE:
D When using concentrated washer fluid,
D
D
D
The windshield washer fluid reservoir is located next to
the air cleaner on the driver’s side of the engine.
Open the cap labeled WASHER FLUID ONLY. Add
washer fluid until the tank is full.
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follow the manufacturer’s instructions for
adding water.
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water can cause the solution to freeze
and damage your washer fluid tank and
other parts of the washer system. Also,
water doesn’t clean as well as washer fluid.
Fill your washer fluid tank only
three-quarters full when it’s very cold. This
allows for expansion if freezing occurs,
which could damage the tank if it is
completely full.
Don’t use engine coolant (antifreeze) in
your windshield washer. It can damage
your washer system and paint.
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Brakes
Brake Fluid
So, it isn’t a good idea to “top off” your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid won’t correct a leak. If you add fluid
when your linings are worn, then you’ll have too much
fluid when you get new brake linings. You should add
(or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when work is
done on the brake hydraulic system.
CAUTION:
If you have too much brake fluid, it can spill on
the engine. The fluid will burn if the engine is
hot enough. You or others could be burned,
and your vehicle could be damaged. Add brake
fluid only when work is done on the brake
hydraulic system.
Your brake master cylinder reservoir is on the driver’s side of
the engine compartment. It is filled with DOT-3 brake fluid.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in the
reservoir might go down. The first is that the brake fluid
goes down to an acceptable level during normal brake
lining wear. When new linings are put in, the fluid level
goes back up. The other reason is that fluid is leaking out
of the brake system. If it is, you should have your brake
system fixed, since a leak means that sooner or later your
brakes won’t work well, or won’t work at all.
When your brake fluid falls to a low level, your brake
warning light will come on. See “Brake System Warning
Light” in the Index.
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What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake
fluid. Use new brake fluid from a sealed container only.
Refer to “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the
Maintenance Schedule.
NOTICE:
D Using the wrong fluid can badly damage
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and the area
around the cap before removing it. This will help keep
dirt from entering the reservoir.
CAUTION:
With the wrong kind of fluid in your brake
system, your brakes may not work well, or they
may not even work at all. This could cause a
crash. Always use the proper brake fluid.
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D
brake system parts. For example, just a few
drops of mineral-based oil, such as engine
oil, in your brake system can damage brake
system parts so badly that they’ll have to be
replaced. Don’t let someone put in the
wrong kind of fluid.
If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s
painted surfaces, the paint finish can be
damaged. Be careful not to spill brake fluid
on your vehicle. If you do, wash it off
immediately. See “Appearance Care” in
the Index.
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Brake Wear
Your vehicle has four-wheel disc brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make a
high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads are worn
and new pads are needed. The sound may come and go or
be heard all the time your vehicle is moving (except when
you are pushing on the brake pedal firmly).
CAUTION:
The brake wear warning sound means that soon
your brakes won’t work well. That could lead to
an accident. When you hear the brake wear
warning sound, have your vehicle serviced.
NOTICE:
Continuing to drive with worn-out brake pads
could result in costly brake repair.
Some driving conditions or climates may cause a brake
squeal when the brakes are first applied or lightly
applied. This does not mean something is wrong with
your brakes.
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect
brake pads for wear and evenly torque wheel nuts in the
proper sequence to GM specifications.
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
See “Brake System Inspection” in the Maintenance
Schedule booklet under Part C “Periodic Maintenance
Inspections.”
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to
normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in pedal
travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you apply the brakes, with or without the
vehicle moving, your brakes adjust for wear.
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Replacing Brake System Parts
Vehicle Storage
The braking system on a vehicle is complex. Its many
parts have to be of top quality and work well together if
the vehicle is to have really good braking. Your vehicle
was designed and tested with top-quality GM brake
parts. When you replace parts of your braking
system -- for example, when your brake linings wear
down and you have to have new ones put in -- be sure
you get new approved GM replacement parts. If you
don’t, your brakes may no longer work properly. For
example, if someone puts in brake linings that are wrong
for your vehicle, the balance between your front and
rear brakes can change -- for the worse. The braking
performance you’ve come to expect can change in many
other ways if someone puts in the wrong replacement
brake parts.
If you’re not going to drive your vehicle for 25 days
or more, remove the black, negative (-) cable from
the battery. This will help keep your battery from
running down.
Battery
Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your vehicle
for longer storage periods.
Your new vehicle comes with an ACDelco FreedomR
battery. When it’s time for a new battery, we
recommend an ACDelco Freedom battery. Get one that
has the replacement number shown on the original
battery’s label.
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CAUTION:
Batteries have acid that can burn you and gas
that can explode. You can be badly hurt if you
aren’t careful. See “Jump Starting” in the Index
for tips on working around a battery without
getting hurt.
Also, for your audio system, see “Theft-Deterrent
Feature” in the Index.
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Bulb Replacement
Headlamps
For the proper type of replacement bulb, see
“Replacement Bulbs” in the Index.
For any bulb changing procedure not listed in this
section, contact your dealer’s service department.
Halogen Bulbs
CAUTION:
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas inside and
can burst if you drop or scratch the bulb. You or
others could be injured. Be sure to read and
follow the instructions on the bulb package.
1. To access the headlamps, turn the lock tabs in
the direction of the arrows as shown on the
headlamp cover.
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2. Lift off the cover as shown.
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3. Turn the headlamp housing socket counterclockwise
to unlock the socket from the lamp housing.
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4. Remove the headlamp housing socket.
5. After removing the wiring harness from the
headlamp housing socket, replace the bulb and
socket. Reconnect it to the wiring harness and
reinstall the headlamp housing socket back into the
headlamp assembly.
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Front Turn Signal Lamps
1. The turn signal lamps are located on the outboard
side of the headlamps. To access, turn the lock tabs
on the headlamp cover in the direction of the arrows
and then lift off the cover (see Steps 1 and 2 under
“Headlamps” listed previously).
3. Remove the turn signal lamp housing socket and
replace the bulb.
2. Turn the housing socket clockwise to unlock the
socket from the lamp housing.
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Center High-Mounted Stoplamp (CHMSL)
3. Replace the bulb.
1. Lift the trim cover to remove.
Reverse the steps to reassemble the stoplamp assembly.
2. Twist the socket counterclockwise and remove the
socket and bulb from the housing.
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Rear Turn Signal Lamps and Taillamps
1. Open the trunk to gain access to the lamp housing.
5. Press the bulb housing lever and turn the housing
counterclockwise to remove it. To remove the bulb,
push and turn it counterclockwise.
2. Remove the convenience net and pull the trim away
to access the wing nuts.
3. Remove the two wing nuts.
4. Gently remove the lamp housing.
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Once you have replaced the burned-out bulb, reverse the
steps to reassemble the lamp assembly.
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Windshield Wiper
Blade Replacement
Windshield wiper blades should be inspected at least
twice a year for wear or cracking. See “Wiper Blade
Check” in the Maintenance Schedule booklet
under Part B “Owner Checks and Services” for
more information.
It’s a good idea to clean or replace the wiper blade
assembly on a regular basis or when worn. For proper
windshield wiper blade length and type, see “Normal
Maintenance Replacement Parts” in the Index. To
replace the wiper blade assembly:
1. Turn the ignition key to ACCESSORY and turn the
wipers on. Position the wipers on the windshield in
the “mid” wipe position. Then with the door open,
turn the key to OFF.
2. Insert a screwdriver into the slot as shown and press
down to release the wiper blade assembly.
3. Align the wiper arm pin with the hole on the wiper
blade assembly and snap it into place to install.
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Tires
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires made by
a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever have questions
about your tire warranty and where to obtain service, see
your Cadillac Warranty booklet for details.
CAUTION:
Poorly maintained and improperly used tires
are dangerous.
D Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a result of too much friction.
You could have an air-out and a serious
accident. See “Loading Your Vehicle” in
the Index.
D Underinflated tires pose the same danger as
overloaded tires. The resulting accident
could cause serious injury. Check all tires
frequently to maintain the recommended
pressure. Tire pressure should be checked
when your tires are cold.
CAUTION: (Continued)
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CAUTION: (Continued)
D Overinflated tires are more likely to be
cut, punctured or broken by a sudden
impact -- such as when you hit a pothole.
Keep tires at the recommended pressure.
D Worn, old tires can cause accidents. If your
tread is badly worn, or if your tires have
been damaged, replace them.
See “Inflation -- Tire Pressure” in this section
for inflation pressure adjustment for higher
speed driving.
Inflation -- Tire Pressure
The Tire-Loading Information label, which is located on
the rear edge of the driver’s door, shows the correct
inflation pressures for your tires when they’re cold.
“Cold” means your vehicle has been sitting for at least
three hours or driven no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
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If you’ll be driving at high speeds (e.g., speeds of
100 mph (160 km/h) or higher), where it is legal, set the
cold inflation pressure to the maximum inflation
pressure shown on the tire sidewall, or to 38 psi
(265 kPa), whichever is lower. See the example below.
When you end this high-speed driving, return to the cold
inflation pressure shown on the Tire-Loading
Information label.
Example:
You’ll find maximum load and inflation pressure
molded on the tire’s sidewall, in small letters, near the
rim flange. It will read something like this: Maximum
load 690 kg (1521 lbs.) @ 300 kPa (44 psi) Max. Press.
For this example, you would set the inflation pressure
for high-speed driving at 38 psi (265 kPa).
NOTICE:
Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflation or
overinflation is all right. It’s not. If your tires
don’t have enough air (underinflation), you can
get the following:
D Too much flexing
D Too much heat
D Tire overloading
D Bad wear
D Bad handling
D Bad fuel economy.
If your tires have too much air (overinflation),
you can get the following:
D Unusual wear
D Bad handling
D Rough ride
D Needless damage from road hazards.
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When to Check
Check your tires once a month or more.
Don’t forget your compact spare tire. It should be at
60 psi (420 kPa).
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. The first
rotation is the most important. See “Scheduled
Maintenance Services” in the Maintenance Schedule
booklet for scheduled rotation intervals.
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You can’t tell if your tires are properly inflated
simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look
properly inflated even when they’re underinflated.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve
stems. They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt
and moisture.
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Tires should be rotated every 6,000 to 8,000 miles
(10 000 to 13 000 km). Any time you notice unusual
wear, rotate your tires as soon as possible and check
wheel alignment. Also check for damaged tires or
wheels. See “When It’s Time for New Tires” and
“Wheel Replacement” later in this section for
more information.
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When rotating your tires, always use the correct rotation
pattern shown here.
Don’t include the compact spare tire in your tire rotation.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and rear
inflation pressures as shown on the Tire-Loading
Information label. Make certain that all wheel nuts are
properly tightened. See “Wheel Nut Torque” in the Index.
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When It’s Time for New Tires
CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to which
it is fastened, can make wheel nuts become loose
after a time. The wheel could come off and cause
an accident. When you change a wheel, remove
any rust or dirt from places where the wheel
attaches to the vehicle. In an emergency, you can
use a cloth or a paper towel to do this; but be
sure to use a scraper or wire brush later, if you
need to, to get all the rust or dirt off. (See
“Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index.)
One way to tell when it’s
time for new tires is to
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires have
only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) or
less of tread remaining.
You need a new tire if any of the following statements
are true:
D You can see the indicators at three or more places
D
D
D
D
around the tire.
You can see cord or fabric showing through the
tire’s rubber.
The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged deep
enough to show cord or fabric.
The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that
can’t be repaired well because of the size or location
of the damage.
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Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at
the Tire-Loading Information label.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
get ones with that same TPC Spec number. That way
your vehicle will continue to have tires that are designed
to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating,
traction, ride and other things during normal service on
your vehicle. If your tires have an all-season tread
design, the TPC number will be followed by an “MS”
(for mud and snow).
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same size,
load range, speed rating and construction type (bias,
bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
CAUTION:
Mixing tires could cause you to lose control while
driving. If you mix tires of different sizes or types
(radial and bias-belted tires), the vehicle may not
handle properly, and you could have a crash.
Using tires of different sizes may also cause
damage to your vehicle. Be sure to use the same
size and type tires on all wheels.
It’s all right to drive with your compact spare,
though. It was developed for use on your vehicle.
CAUTION:
If you use bias-ply tires on your vehicle, the
wheel rim flanges could develop cracks after
many miles of driving. A tire and/or wheel could
fail suddenly, causing a crash. Use only radial-ply
tires with the wheels on your vehicle.
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Uniform Tire Quality Grading
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance. (This
applies only to vehicles sold in the United States.) The
grades are molded on the sidewalls of most passenger
car tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading system does
not apply to deep tread, winter-type snow tires,
space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with
nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm),
or to some limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors passenger
cars and light trucks may vary with respect to these
grades, they must also conform to Federal safety
requirements and additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course. For
example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and a half
(1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire
graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends
upon the actual conditions of their use, however, and
may depart significantly from the norm due to variations
in driving habits, service practices and differences in
road characteristics and climate.
Traction -- AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA, A,
B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s ability to stop
on wet pavement as measured under controlled
conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor
traction performance. Warning: The traction grade
assigned to this tire is based on straight-ahead braking
traction tests, and does not include acceleration,
cornering, hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.
Temperature -- A, B, C
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation of
heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under
controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the
material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life, and
excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure.
The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under the
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 109.
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Grades B and A represent higher levels of performance
on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required
by law.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should have the same load-carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted the
same way as the one it replaces.
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts, replace them only with new GM original
equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to have the
right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts for your vehicle.
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory to give you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
Scheduled wheel alignment and wheel balancing are not
needed. However, if you notice unusual tire wear or
your vehicle pulling one way or the other, the alignment
may need to be reset. If you notice your vehicle
vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your wheels
may need to be rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked, or badly rusted
or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the wheel,
wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced. If the
wheel leaks air, replace it (except some aluminum
wheels, which can sometimes be repaired). See your
dealer if any of these conditions exist.
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CAUTION:
Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be dangerous.
It could affect the braking and handling of your
vehicle, make your tires lose air and make you
lose control. You could have a collision in which
you or others could be injured. Always use
the correct wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts
for replacement.
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NOTICE:
The wrong wheel can also cause problems with
bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or
odometer calibration, headlamp aim, bumper
height, vehicle ground clearance and tire or tire
chain clearance to the body and chassis.
See “Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index for
more information.
Used Replacement Wheels
CAUTION:
Tire Chains
NOTICE:
Use tire chains only where legal and only when
you must. Use only SAE Class “S” type chains
that are the proper size for your tires. Install
them on the front tires and tighten them as
tightly as possible with the ends securely
fastened. Drive slowly and follow the chain
manufacturer’s instructions. If you can hear the
chains contacting your vehicle, stop and retighten
them. If the contact continues, slow down until it
stops. Driving too fast or spinning the wheels
with chains on will damage your vehicle.
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You can’t know how it’s been used or
how far it’s been driven. It could fail suddenly
and cause an accident. If you have to replace a
wheel, use a new GM original equipment wheel.
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Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some
are toxic. Others can burst into flame if you strike a
match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle. Some are
dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed space.
When you use anything from a container to clean your
vehicle, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s warnings
and instructions. And always open your doors or
windows when you’re cleaning the inside.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
Gasoline
Benzene
Naphtha
Don’t use any of these unless this manual says you can.
In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:
D
D
D
D
Alcohol
Laundry Soap
Bleach
Reducing Agents
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and loose
dirt. Wipe vinyl, leather, plastic and painted surfaces
with a clean, damp cloth.
Cleaning of Fabric/Carpet
Turpentine
Your dealer has two cleaners, Multi-Purpose Interior
Cleaner and Capture Non-Solvent Dry Spot and Soil
Remover for cleaning fabric and carpet. They will clean
normal spots and stains very well. You can get
GM-approved cleaning products from your dealer. (See
“Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.)
Lacquer Thinner
Here are some cleaning tips:
Nail Polish Remover
D Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
D Clean up stains as soon as you can -- before they set.
D Carefully scrape off any excess stain.
Carbon Tetrachloride
Acetone
Paint Thinner
They can all be hazardous -- some more than
others -- and they can all damage your vehicle, too.
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D Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a
Cleaning the Top of the Instrument Panel
D If a ring forms on fabric after spot cleaning, clean the
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones or
waxes may cause annoying reflections in the windshield
and even make it difficult to see through the windshield
under certain conditions.
clean area often. A soft brush may be used if
stains are stubborn.
entire area immediately or it will set.
Cleaning Vinyl
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
Cleaning Interior Plastic Components
D Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt. You
Use only a mild soap and water solution on a soft
cloth or sponge. Commercial cleaners may affect the
surface finish.
may have to do it more than once.
D Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain if you
don’t get them off quickly. Use a clean cloth and a
vinyl/leather cleaner. See your dealer for this product.
Cleaning Leather
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap or
saddle soap and wipe dry with a soft cloth. Then, let the
leather dry naturally. Do not use heat to dry.
D For stubborn stains, use a leather cleaner. See your
dealer for this product.
D Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
Cleaning Wood Panels
Use a clean cloth moistened in warm, soapy water (use
mild dish washing soap). Dry the wood immediately
with a clean cloth.
Cleaning Speaker Covers
Vacuum around a speaker cover gently, so that the
speaker won’t be damaged. Clean spots with just water
and mild soap.
cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish on leather.
D Soiled or stained leather should be cleaned
immediately. If dirt is allowed to work into the
finish, it can harm the leather.
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Care of Safety Belts
Keep belts clean and dry.
CAUTION:
Do not bleach or dye safety belts. If you do, it
may severely weaken them. In a crash, they
might not be able to provide adequate protection.
Clean safety belts only with mild soap and
lukewarm water.
Cleaning Glass Surfaces
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner or a
liquid household glass cleaner will remove normal
tobacco smoke and dust films on interior glass. (See
“Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.)
Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass, because they may
cause scratches. Avoid placing decals on the inside rear
window, since they may have to be scraped off later. If
abrasive cleaners are used on the inside of the rear
window, an electric defogger element may be damaged.
Any temporary license should not be attached across the
defogger grid.
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Cleaning the Outside of the
Windshield and Wiper Blades
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running, wax,
sap or other material may be on the blade or windshield.
Clean the outside of the windshield with GM
Windshield Cleaner, Bon AmiR Powder (non-scratching
glass cleaning powder), GM Part No. 1050011. The
windshield is clean if beads do not form when you rinse
it with water.
Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper
blades and affect their performance. Clean the blade by
wiping vigorously with a cloth soaked in full-strength
windshield washer solvent. Then rinse the blade
with water.
Check the wiper blades and clean them as necessary;
replace blades that look worn.
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply silicone
grease with a clean cloth at least every six months. During
very cold, damp weather more frequent application may be
required. (See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in
the Maintenance Schedule booklet.)
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Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth
of color, gloss retention and durability.
Use lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and a car
washing soap to clean exterior lamps and lenses. Follow
instructions under “Washing Your Vehicle.”
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to keep it
clean by washing it often with lukewarm or cold water.
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun.
Use a car washing soap. Don’t use strong soaps or
chemical detergents. Be sure to rinse the vehicle well,
removing all soap residue completely. You can get
GM-approved cleaning products from your dealer. (See
“Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.) Don’t
use cleaning agents that are petroleum based, or that
contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning agents should be
flushed promptly and not allowed to dry on the surface,
or they could stain. Dry the finish with a soft, clean
chamois or an all-cotton towel to avoid surface
scratches and water spotting.
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter
your vehicle.
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your vehicle by
hand may be necessary to remove residue from the paint
finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning products
from your dealer. (See “Appearance Care and Materials”
in the Index.)
Your vehicle has a “basecoat/clearcoat” paint finish.
The clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the
colored basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes
that are non-abrasive and made for a basecoat/clearcoat
paint finish.
NOTICE:
Machine compounding or aggressive polishing on
a basecoat/clearcoat paint finish may dull the
finish or leave swirl marks.
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Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird
droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, etc., can
damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain on painted
surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as possible. If
necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that are marked
safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign matter.
Use chrome polish only on chrome-plated wheels, but
avoid any painted surface of the wheel, and buff off
immediately after application.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a period
of years. You can help to keep the paint finish looking
new by keeping your vehicle garaged or covered
whenever possible.
Cleaning Tires
Cleaning Aluminum or
Chrome-Plated Wheels (If Equipped)
Keep your wheels clean using a soft clean cloth with
mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water. After
rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel. A wax
may then be applied.
The surface of these wheels is similar to the painted
surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners, cleaners
with acid or abrasive cleaning brushes on them because
you could damage the surface. Do not use chrome polish
on any wheels other than chrome-plated wheels.
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Don’t take your vehicle through an automatic car wash
that has silicon carbide tire cleaning brushes. These
brushes can also damage the surface of these wheels.
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with a tire cleaner.
NOTICE:
When applying a tire dressing always take care to
wipe off any overspray or splash from all painted
surfaces on the body or wheels of the vehicle.
Petroleum-based products may damage the paint
finish and tires.
Sheet Metal Damage
If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to the parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
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Finish Damage
Chemical Paint Spotting
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in the finish
should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode
quickly and may develop into a major repair expense.
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and
attack painted surfaces on your vehicle. This damage
can take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped
discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched into
the paint surface.
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up
materials available from your dealer or other service
outlets. Larger areas of finish damage can be corrected
in your dealer’s body and paint shop.
Underbody Maintenance
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust
control can collect on the underbody. If these are not
removed, accelerated corrosion (rust) can occur on
the underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor
pan and exhaust system even though they have
corrosion protection.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, Cadillac
will repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces of
new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition within
12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever occurs first.
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and other debris can collect. Dirt packed in closed areas
of the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer or an underbody car washing system can do
this for you.
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GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
PART NUMBER
994954
1050172
1050173
1050174
1050214
1050427
SIZE
23 in. x 25 in.
16 oz. (0.473 L)
16 oz. (0.473 L)
16 oz. (0.473 L)
32 oz. (0.946 L)
23 oz. (0.680 L)
1052918**
8 oz. (0.237 L)
DESCRIPTION
Polishing Cloth – Wax Treated
Tar and Road Oil Remover
Chrome Cleaner and Polish
White Sidewall Tire Cleaner
Vinyl Cleaner
Glass Cleaner
t Protectant
Armor All
USAGE
Exterior polishing cloth
Removes tar, road oil and asphalt
Use on chrome, stainless steel, nickel, copper and brass
Removes soil and black marks from whitewalls
Cleans vinyl tops, upholstery and convertible tops
Removes dirt, grime, smoke and fingerprints
Protects leather, wood, acrylics, Plexiglas , plastic,
rubber and vinyl
Cleans carpets, seats, interior trim, door panels
and floor mats
Spray on and rinse with water
Attracts, absorbs and removes soils on fabric
Shines vehicle without scratching
Spray on tire shine
Removes dust, fingerprints and surface contaminants
Removes light scratches and oxidation and protects finish
Removes contaminants, blemishes and swirl marks
Multi-Purpose Interior
Cleaner
1052929
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Wheel Cleaner
1052930
8 oz. (0.237 L)
Capture Dry Spot Remover
12345721
2.5 sq. ft.
Synthetic Chamois
12345725
12 oz. (0.354 L)
Silicone Tire Shine
12377964*
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Finish Enhancer
12377966*
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Cleaner Wax
12377984*
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Surface Cleaner
See your General Motors Parts Department for these products.
See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Maintenance Schedule booklet.
* For exterior use only.
** Not recommended for use on instrument panels.
1052925
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16 oz. (0.473 L)
t
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Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
D the model designation,
D paint information and
D a list of all production options and
special equipment.
Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle.
Electrical System
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle. It appears on
a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel, on the
driver’s side. You can see it if you look through the
windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels and the certificates of title and registration.
Engine Identification
The 8th character in your VIN is the engine code. This
code will help you identify your engine, specifications
and replacement parts.
Service Parts Identification Label
You’ll find this label on the rear wall of the trunk on the
passenger’s side. It’s very helpful if you ever need to
order parts. On this label is:
Add-On Electrical Equipment
NOTICE:
Don’t add anything electrical to your vehicle unless
you check with your dealer first. Some electrical
equipment can damage your vehicle and the
damage wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
Some add-on electrical equipment can keep other
components from working as they should.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
add anything electrical to your vehicle, see “Servicing
Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.
D your VIN,
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Headlamp Wiring
MaxiFuseR/Relay Center
The headlamp wiring has an individual fuse which is
powered by a MaxiFuseR. An electrical overload will
cause the lamps to go on and off, or in some cases to
remain off. If this happens, have the headlamp wiring
checked right away.
The MaxiFuses and relays are located next to the engine
compartment fuse block on the driver’s side of the
engine. To access the compartment fuse block, remove
the shroud cover. If a MaxiFuse should blow, have your
vehicle serviced by your dealer immediately.
Windshield Wiper Fuses
The windshield wiper motor is powered by a
MaxiFuseR. If the motor overheats due to heavy snow,
etc., the wipers will stop until the motor cools. If the
overload is caused by some electrical problem, be sure
to have it fixed.
Power Windows and Other Power Options
Circuit breakers protect the power windows and other
power accessories. When the current load is too heavy,
the circuit breaker opens and closes, protecting the
circuit until the problem is fixed or goes away.
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MaxiFuse
(8-Way)
Usage
MaxiFuse
(8-Way)
BODY 1
Road Sensing Suspension (RSS) Fuse
(ETC Only), Convenience Fuse, BATT
Fuse, Antenna Fuse, Passenger and
Driver Seat Belt Comfort Solenoids,
Trunk and Fuel Door Release
Solenoids and Relays, Door
Lock/Unlock Relays, Damper Relay
(ETC Only), Parking Lamp Relay,
Right and Left Park Fuse, Rear Fog
Lamp Relay (Export)
INADVERT Inadvertent Power Relay, Interior
Lamps Fuse, Cigarette Lighter-1 Fuse,
Courtesy Lamp Relay
BODY 2
Defog Relay, Pull-Down Fuse, Right
and Left Heated Seat Fuses, Electronic
Level Control (ELC) Relay, Heated
Mirror Fuse, Heated Backlite Fuse,
ELC Circuit Breaker
BODY 3
Controlled Power Relay, Controlled
Power Back-Up Relay, Cluster Fuse,
Passenger Zone Module (PZM) Fuse,
Radio Fuse, DAB Relay, Trunk and
Fuel Door Release Relay, High-Beam
Relay, Comfort Fuse, AMP (Bose
Only) Fuse, Right and Left Bose Relay
Usage
LAMPS
Headlamps Fuse/Relay, High/Low
Beam Control Relay, Fog Lamp Fuse,
DRL Fuse, Hazard Fuse, Mirror Fuse,
Inadvertent Power Relay, Right and
Left High-Beam Fuse, Right and Left
Low-Beam Fuse, Stoplamp Fuse, Fog
Lamp Relay, DRL Relay
IGN 1
Rear Ignition-1 Relay, Wiper Fuse,
Relay Ignition-1 Fuse, Supplemental
Inflatable Restraint (SIR) Fuse,
Accessory Relay
WINDOWS
Delayed Accessory Bus (DAB) Relay
SEATS
Horn Relay, Driver and Passenger
Lumbar In/Out Relays, Driver and
Passenger Lumbar Up/Down Relays
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Usage
Steering Column Ignition Switch
Power
Distribution
Block
BATT 2
Steering Column Ignition Switch
ACCESSORY
Accessories
IGN 1
Front Ignition-1 Relay, Oxygen
Sensor 1 and 2 Fuse, Fuel Fuse,
Cruise Fuse, Fuel Pump Relay
HEAD LPS
Headlamps
HORN
Horn
FOG LPS
Fog Lamps
DRL
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
HI/LO BEAM
High and Low-Beam Headlamps
MaxiFuse
(6-Way)
Usage
BATT 3
BATT 1
Starter Relay and Solenoid,
Park/Reverse Fuse, Park Relay,
Powertrain Control Module (PCM)
Fuse, AC Compressor Fuse and Relay,
Fan Relays, Reverse Relay
BRAKES
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)
Brake Modulator
COOL FNS
Cooling Fan Relays 1 and 3
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Relays
INADVERT POWER RELAY
IGN 1 RELAY
STARTER RELAY
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Fuses and Circuit Breakers
Underhood Fuse Block
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from
short circuits by a combination of fuses and circuit
breakers. This greatly reduces the chance of fires caused
by electrical problems.
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Be sure you
replace a bad fuse with a new one of the identical size
and rating.
If you ever have a problem on the road and don’t have a
spare fuse, you can “borrow” one that has the same
amperage. Pick some feature of your vehicle that you
can get along without -- like the radio or cigarette
lighter -- and use its fuse, if it is the correct amperage.
Replace it as soon as you can.
There are two fuse blocks in your vehicle: the
underhood fuse block and the rear compartment
fuse block.
The underhood fuse block is located next to the air
cleaner on the driver’s side of the engine. Lift the cover
to gain access.
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Fuse
Usage
DRL
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
CNR LPS
Cornering Lamp Switch, Right and
Left Cornering Lamps
INT LPS
Trunk Lamp, Courtesy Lamps,
Front Vanity Lamps, Glove Box
Lamp, Garage Door Opener,
Courtesy Lamp Relay
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Fuse
Usage
CIG LTR1
Front and Rear Cigarette Lighters
CIG LTR 2
Right and Left Rear Cigarette
Lighters
L HDLP LO
Left Low-Beam Headlamp
R HDLP LO
Right Low-Beam Headlamp
L HDLP HI
Left High-Beam Headlamp
R HDLP HI
Right High-Beam Headlamp
FOG
Front Fog Lamp Relay, Right and
Left Front Fog Lamps,
Headlamp Switch
HDLPS
Headlamp Relay, High/Low-Beam
Control Relay, Right and Left
Low/High-Beam Fuses
HAZARD
Electronic Flasher Module,
Turn/Hazard Switch, Right and Left
Front Turn Lamps, Right and Left
Rear Turn Lamps, Right and Left
Repeater Lamps (Export), Cluster
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Fuse
Usage
Fuse
Usage
STOP
Stoplamp Switch, Centered
High-Mounted Stoplamp (CHMSL),
Turn Hazard Switch, ABS
Controller, Stepper Motor Cruise
Control, Right and Left Rear
Stoplamps (Export)
WIPERS
Accessory Relay, Wiper Switch
A/C COMP
AC Compressor Relay, Cooling
Fan Relays 1, 2, 3,
Compressor Clutch
PCM (BAT)
PCM
MIRROR
Inadvertent Power Relay, Left
Outside Rearview Mirror Switch,
ALDL, Memory Mirror Module,
Dimmer Switch, Cluster
PARK/REV
DRL
Daytime Running Lamp (DRL)
Relay, Left and Right Low Beam in
DRL Mode, DRL Switch
Reverse Relay, Right and Left
Back-Up Lamps, Electrochromic
Mirror (in Header), Park Relay,
Brake Transaxle-Shift Interlock
(BTSI) Switch, Passenger Zone
Module (PZM)
ECS
Transaxle Shift Solenoids, Mass
Airflow, Canister Purge, PCM,
Linear Exhaust Gas Recirculation
(EGR), Front Ignition-1 Relay
PCM (IGN)
Powertrain Control Module (PCM)
DIS
Electronic Ignition Control Module
CRUISE
Stepper Motor Cruise Control,
Power Steering Pressure Switch,
Low Refrigerant Pressure Cutoff
Switch, Park Relay
IGN 0 (ENG)
Powertrain Control Module (PCM)
SPARE
Not Used
ABS
Anti-Lock Brake System
(ABS)/Traction Control System
IGN-1
Rear Ignition-1 Relay, Front Fog
Lamp Relay, Rear Fog Lamp Relay
(Export), Controlled Power Backup
Relay, DRL Relay
6-61
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Fuse
INJ
INJ
FUEL PUMP
OXY SEN1
OXY SEN2
Usage
Injectors 1, 4, 6, 7
Injectors 2, 3, 5, 8
PCM, Fuel Pump Relay, Fuel Pump
Oxygen Sensor Front
Oxygen Sensor Rear, Catalytic
Converter (CAT) Rear
Oxygen Sensor
Relays
A/C COMP RELAY
FUEL PUMP RELAY
Rear Compartment Fuse Block
The fuse block is located on the front wall of the trunk
(behind the rear seat) on the driver’s side. Loosen the
four trunk trim fasteners and pull the trim away from the
fuse block to gain access.
6-62
Fuse
Usage
RLY IGN1
Cluster, Cruise in Stalk, Passenger
Zone Module (PZM), Traction
Control System (TCC) Switch
SIR
Sensing and Diagnostic
Module (SDM)
ELC
Electronic Level Control (ELC)
Relay, ELC (AC) Compressor
TURN
Electronic Flasher,
Turn/Hazard Switch
CONSOLE
Rear Zone Blower, Right and Left
Heated Seat Switches (Optional)
BRAKE
Brakes
SPARE
Not Used
RSS
Road Sensing Suspension (RSS)
Module (ETC Only)
IGN 0-BODY
PRNDL, PZM, Cluster, Air
Control Module (ACM), Upper
Zone Motor, Lower Zone Motor
(Optional), HVAC Solenoids,
Climate Control Panel Analog
Cluster, Rear Defog Relay,
ELC Relay
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Fuse
Usage
Fuse
Usage
COMFORT
CD Player, Remote Keyless Entry
(RKE), Controlled Power Relay,
Air Control Module (ACM), PZM
HTD SEAT R
Passenger Heated Seat
Relay (Optional)
HTD SEAT L
AMP (Bose
Only) (Optional)
Right and Left Hand Bose Relay,
Right and Left Front Speakers
(On Door), Right and Left Rear
Speakers, Bose Amplifier
Driver Heated Seat
Relay (Optional)
PULL DOWN
Trunk Pull-Down Motor
HDLP WASH
Headlamp Washers
PZM
Passenger Zone Module (PZM)
ANTENNA
Power Mast Antenna
RADIO/PHONE
Radio Receiver, Radio Interface
Module (RIM) (Bose Only),
Phone, DAB Relay, Trunk Release
Relay, Fuel Door Release Relay,
High/Low-Beam Relay
RSS
Damper Relay (ETC Only)
CONVENC
Trunk Release Relay, Trunk
Release Solenoid, Fuel Door
Release Relay, Fuel Filler Door
Release Solenoid, Door Lock
Relay, Left Front Door Motors,
PZM, Door Unlock Relay
BATT
Driver and Passenger Seat Lumbar
Switch (Optional), Driver and
Passenger Seat Belt Comfort
Solenoid, Memory Seat Module
RSS
Road Sensing Suspension (RSS)
Module (ETC Only)
CLUSTER
Steering Wheel Controls, Cluster
ACC
PZM, Electrochromic Mirror,
Rain Sensor (Optional),
Accessory Relay
SPARE
Not Used
HTD MIR
Right and Left Outside
Heated Mirror
6-63
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Fuse
Usage
RT PARK
Headlamp Switch, Right Front
Parking Lamp, Right Front and
Rear Sidemarker Lamps, Right
Park Position Lamp (Export),
Right Turn/Stop/Tail Lamps, Rear
Fog Lamp Relay (Export), Right
and Left Rear Fog Lamps (Export)
LT PARK
Left Front and Rear Sidemarker
Lamps, Left Front Parking Lamp,
Left Park Position Lamp (Export),
Left Turn/Stop/Tail Lamps, Right
and Left License Lamps,
Underhood Lamp
6-64
Replacement Bulbs
ApplicationNumber
Headlamps Composite
Inner High Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9005
Outer Low Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9006
Front Turn Signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2357 NA
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp (CHMSL) . . . 1156
Rear Turn Signal and Taillamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2057
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Capacities and Specifications
The following approximate capacities are given in
English and metric conversions. Please refer to
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the
Maintenance Schedule booklet for more information.
Engine Specifications
Displacement . . . . . . . . . 279 cubic inches (4 565 cc)
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.6 L DOHC V8
VIN Engine Code
Eldorado . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Y
ETC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Horsepower
Eldorado . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 275 (bhp) @ 5600 rpm
205 (kW) @ 5600 rpm
ETC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300 (bhp) @ 6000 rpm
224 (kW) @ 6000 rpm
Torque
Eldorado . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300 (lb-ft) @ 4000 rpm
407 (N·m) @ 4000 rpm
ETC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 295 (lb-ft) @ 4400 rpm
400 (N·m) @ 4400 rpm
Firing Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2-7-3-4-5-6-8
Thermostat Starts To Open . . 177-184_F (81-85_C)
Wheel Nut Torque
100 lb-ft (140 N·m)
Capacities
Transaxle (4T80-E) . . . . . . . . . . 15.0 quarts (14.2 L)
Crankcase (Engine Oil with
Filter Change) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.5 quarts (7.1 L)
Engine Cooling System . . . . . . . . 12.5 quarts (11.8 L)
Fuel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20.0 gallons (75.7 L)
R-134a Refrigerant . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.0 lbs. (0.91 kg)
NOTE: All capacities are approximate. When adding, be
sure to fill to the approximate level, as recommended in
this manual. Recheck fluid level after filling.
Air Conditioning Refrigerants
Not all air conditioning refrigerants are the same.
If the air conditioning system in your vehicle needs
refrigerant, be sure the proper refrigerant is used.
If you’re not sure, ask your dealer.
6-65
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Normal Maintenance
Replacement Parts
Air Filter Element . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type A1096C
Fuel Filter Element . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type GF-650
Engine Oil Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type PF-58
PCV Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type CV-774C
Spark Plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type 41-950
Thermostat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type 131-66
Windshield Wiper Blade
(Pin Type) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 inches (56.5 cm)
6-66
Vehicle Dimensions
Wheel Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108.0 inches (274.3 cm)
Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200.6 inches (509.5 cm)
Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53.6 inches (136.1 cm)
Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75.5 inches (191.8 cm)
Front Tread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60.9 inches (154.6 cm)
Rear Tread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60.9 inches (154.6 cm)
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Section 7 Customer Assistance Information
Here you will find out how to contact Cadillac if you need assistance. This section also tells you how to obtain service
publications and how to report any safety defects.
7-2
7-3
7-4
7-5
7-5
7-7
7-8
7-8
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Customer Assistance for Text Telephone
(TTY) Users
Customer Assistance Offices
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
Roadside Service
Roadside Service for the Hearing or
Speech Impaired
Courtesy Transportation
Transportation Options
7-10
7-10
7-11
7-11
7-11
Warranty Information
Reporting Safety Defects to the United
States Government
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors
Ordering Service and Owner Publications
in Canada
7-
7-1
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Customer Satisfaction Procedure
STEP ONE -- Discuss your concern with a member of
dealership management. Normally, concerns can be
quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has already
been reviewed with the sales, service or parts manager,
contact the owner of the dealership or the general manager.
STEP TWO -- If after contacting a member of
dealership management, it appears your concern cannot be
resolved by the dealership without further help, contact
the Cadillac Customer Assistance Center, 24 hours a day, by
calling 1-800-458-8006. In Canada, contact GM of Canada
Customer Communication Centre in Oshawa by calling
1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854 (French).
We encourage you to call the toll-free number in order
to give your inquiry prompt attention. Please have the
following information available to give the Customer
Assistance Representative:
D Vehicle Identification Number (This is available
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to your
dealer and to Cadillac. Normally, any concerns with the
sales transaction or the operation of your vehicle will be
resolved by your dealer’s sales or service departments.
Sometimes, however, despite the best intentions of all
concerned, misunderstandings can occur. If your
concern has not been resolved to your satisfaction, the
following steps should be taken:
7-2
from the vehicle registration or title, or the plate
at the top left of the instrument panel and visible
through the windshield.)
D Dealership name and location
D Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
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When contacting Cadillac, please remember that your
concern will likely be resolved at a dealer’s facility. That
is why we suggest you follow Step One first if you have
a concern.
STEP THREE -- Both General Motors and your dealer
are committed to making sure you are completely
satisfied with your new vehicle. However, if you
continue to remain unsatisfied after following the
procedure outlined in Steps One and Two, you must file
with the GM/BBB Auto Line Program to enforce any
additional rights you may have. Canadian owners
refer to your Warranty and Owner Assistance
Information booklet for information on the Canadian
Motor Vehicle Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP).
The BBB Auto Line Program is an out of court program
administered by the Council of Better Business Bureaus to
settle automotive disputes regarding vehicle repairs or the
interpretation of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Although you are required to resort to this informal dispute
resolution program prior to filing any court action, use of
the program is free of charge and your case will generally
be heard within 40 days. If you do not agree with the
decision given in your case, you may reject it and proceed
with any other venue for relief available to you.
You may contact the BBB using the toll-free telephone
number or write them at the following address:
BBB Auto Line
Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1804
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
This program is available in all 50 states and the District
of Columbia. Eligibility is limited by vehicle age,
mileage and other factors. General Motors reserves the
right to change eligibility limitations and/or discontinue
its participation in this program.
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hard of hearing, or
speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones (TTYs),
Cadillac has TTY equipment available at its Customer
Assistance Center. Any TTY user can communicate with
Cadillac by dialing: 1-800-833-CMCC. (TTY users in
Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
7-3
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Customer Assistance Offices
Cadillac encourages customers to call the toll-free number
for assistance. If a U.S. customer wishes to write to
Cadillac, the letter should be addressed to Cadillac’s
Customer Assistance Center.
United States
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
P.O. Box 436004
Pontiac, MI 48343-6004
1-800-458-8006
1-800-833-2622 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-882-1112
Canada
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
1-800-263-3777 (English)
1-800-263-7854 (French)
1-800-263-3830 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-268-6800
7-4
All Overseas Locations
GMODC - Customer Communication Centre
169-007
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Telephone: 905-644-4112
Fax:
905-644-4866
Caribbean Numbers
1-800-496-9992 (English) Puerto Rico
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish) Puerto Rico
1-800-751-4135 (English) Dominican Republic
1-800-751-4136 (Spanish) Dominican Republic
1-800-496-9994 U.S. Virgin Islands
1-800-389-0009 Bahamas
1-800-534-0122 Bermuda, Barbados, Antigua & B.V.I.
If toll free service is not available in the Caribbean,
call Puerto Rico 1-787-763-1315.
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GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
Roadside Service
This program, available to
qualified applicants, can
reimburse you up to $1,000
toward aftermarket driver or
passenger adaptive
equipment you may require
for your vehicle (hand
controls, wheelchair/scooter
lifts, etc.).
This program can also provide you with free resource
information, such as area driver assessment centers and
mobility equipment installers. The program is available
for a limited period of time from the date of vehicle
purchase/lease. See your dealer for more details or call
the GM Mobility Assistance Center at 1-800-323-9935.
Text telephone (TTY) users, call 1-800-833-9935.
GM of Canada also has a Mobility Program. Call
1-800-GM-DRIVE (463-7483) for details. TTY users
call 1-800-263-3830. When calling from the United
States, please dial 1-905-644-3063.
Cadillac’s exceptional Roadside Service is more than an
auto club or towing service. It provides every Cadillac
owner with the advantage of contacting a Cadillac
advisor and, when appropriate, a Cadillac trained dealer
technician who can provide on-site service.
7-5
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Each technician travels with a specially equipped
service vehicle complete with the necessary Cadillac
parts and tools required to handle most roadside repairs.
Cadillac Roadside Servicer can be reached by dialing
1-800-882-1112, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
This service is provided at no charge for any
warranty-covered situation and for a nominal charge
if the Cadillac is no longer under warranty. Roadside
Service is available only in the United States
and Canada.
Cadillac Owner Privilegest
Roadside Service provides several Cadillac
Owner Privilegest at “no charge,” throughout
your 1999 Cadillac Warranty Period -- 48 months/
50,000 miles (80 000 km).
Emergency Road Service is performed on site for the
following situations:
D
D
D
D
D
7-6
Towing Service
Battery Jump Starting
Lock Out Assistance
Fuel Delivery
Flat Tire Change (Covers change only)
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D Trip Interruption -- If your trip is interrupted due
to a warranty failure, incidental expenses may be
reimbursed during the 48 months/50,000 miles
(80 000 km) warranty period. Items covered are
hotel, meals and rental car.
Roadside Service Availability
Wherever you drive in the United States or Canada,
an advisor is available to assist you over the phone.
A dealer technician, if available, can travel to your
location within a 30 mile (50 km) radius of a
participating Cadillac dealership. If beyond this radius,
we will arrange to have your car towed to the nearest
Cadillac dealership.
Reaching Roadside Service
Dial the toll-free Roadside Service number:
1-800-882-1112. An experienced Roadside
Service Advisor will assist you and request the
following information:
D A description of the problem
D Name, home address, home telephone number
D Location of your Cadillac and number you are
calling from
D The model year, Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN), mileage and date of delivery
Roadside Service for the Hearing or
Speech Impaired
Roadside Service is prepared to assist owners who have
hearing difficulties or are speech impaired. Cadillac has
installed special telecommunication devices called Text
Telephone (TTY) in the Roadside Service Center.
Any customer who has access to a (TTY) or a
conventional teletypewriter can communicate with
Cadillac by dialing from the United States or Canada
1-800-833-CMCC -- daily, 24 hours.
7-7
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Courtesy Transportation
Transportation Options
Cadillac has always exemplified quality and value in its
offering of motor vehicles. To enhance your ownership
experience, we and our participating dealerships are
proud to offer Courtesy Transportation, a customer
support program for new vehicles.
Warranty service can generally be completed while you
wait. However, if you are unable to wait Cadillac helps
minimize your inconvenience by providing several
transportation options. Depending on the circumstances,
your dealer can offer you one of the following:
The Courtesy Transportation program is offered to retail
purchase/lease customers in conjunction with the
Bumper to Bumper coverage provided by the New
Vehicle Limited Warranty. Several transportation
options are available when warranty repairs are
required. This will reduce your inconvenience during
warranty repairs.
Shuttle Service
Plan Ahead When Possible
If your vehicle requires overnight warranty repairs,
reimbursement up to $30 per day (five days maximum)
may be available for the use of public transportation
such as taxi or bus. In addition, should you arrange
transportation through a friend or relative,
reimbursement for reasonable fuel expenses up to
$10 per day (five day maximum) may be available.
Claim amounts should reflect actual costs and be
supported by original receipts.
When your vehicle requires warranty service, you should
contact your dealer and request an appointment. By
scheduling a service appointment and advising your service
consultant of your transportation needs, your dealer can help
minimize your inconvenience. If it is determined that your
vehicle cannot be scheduled into the service department
immediately and is still operative, you are encouraged to
drive the vehicle until scheduling can be accomplished.
If the dealer requests that you simply drop the vehicle
off for service, you are urged to do so as early in the
work day as possible to allow for same day repair.
7-8
Participating dealerships can provide you with shuttle service
to get you to your destination with minimal interruption of
your daily schedule. This includes a one way shuttle ride to a
destination up to 10 miles from the dealership.
Public Transportation or Fuel Reimbursement
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Courtesy Rental Vehicle
Additional Program Information
When your vehicle is unavailable due to warranty repairs,
your dealer may arrange to provide you with a courtesy
rental vehicle or reimburse you for a rental vehicle you
obtained, at actual cost, up to a maximum of $35.00 per
day supported by receipts. This requires that you sign and
complete a rental agreement and meet state, local and
rental vehicle provider requirements. Requirements vary
and may include minimum age requirements, insurance
coverage, credit card, etc. You are responsible for fuel
usage charges and may also be responsible for taxes,
levies, usage fees, excessive mileage or rental usage
beyond the completion of the repair.
Courtesy Transportation is available during the
Bumper-to-Bumper warranty coverage period,
but it is not part of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
A separate booklet entitled “Warranty and Owner
Assistance Information” furnished with each
new vehicle provides detailed warranty
coverage information.
Generally it is not possible to provide a like-vehicle as a
courtesy rental.
Courtesy Transportation is available only at
participating dealerships and all program options, such
as shuttle service, may not be available at every dealer.
Please contact your dealer for specific information about
availability. All Courtesy Transportation arrangements
will be administered by appropriate dealer personnel.
Canadian Vehicles: For warranty repairs during the
Complete Vehicle Coverage period of the General
Motors of Canada New Vehicle Limited Warranty,
alternative transportation may be available under the
Courtesy Transportation Program. Please consult your
dealer for details.
7-9
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General Motors reserves the right to unilaterally modify,
change or discontinue Courtesy Transportation at any
time and to resolve all questions of claim eligibility
pursuant to the terms and conditions described herein at
its sole discretion.
General Motors and participating dealerships reserve
the right to deny a rental vehicle to anyone not
possessing a valid motor vehicle operators license in
their name, anyone who is under the influence of alcohol
or drugs, or anyone whose mental or physical abilities
are impaired so as to be unable to operate a motor
vehicle safely.
Warranty Information
Your vehicle comes with a separate warranty booklet
that contains detailed warranty information.
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO THE UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could
cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to
notifying General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in
a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in
the Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the hotline.
7-10
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REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO THE CANADIAN
GOVERNMENT
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited. You may write to:
Transport Canada
330 Sparks Street
Tower C
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N5
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO GENERAL MOTORS
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Ordering Service and Owner
Publications in Canada
Service manuals, owner’s manuals and other service
literature are available for purchase for all current and
past model General Motors vehicles.
The toll-free telephone number for ordering information
in Canada is 1-800-668-5539.
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada)
in a situation like this, we certainly hope you’ll notify
us. Please call us at 1-800-458-8006, or write:
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
P.O. Box 436004
Pontiac, MI 48343-6004
7-11
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1999 CADILLAC SERVICE PUBLICATIONS ORDERING INFORMATION
The following publications covering the operation and servicing of your vehicle can be purchased by filling out
the Service Publication Order Form in this book and mailing it in with your check, money order,
or credit card information to Helm, Incorporated (address below.)
CURRENT PUBLICATIONS FOR 1999 CADILLAC
SERVICE MANUALS
Service Manuals have the diagnosis and repair information
on engines, transmission, axle, suspension, brakes,
electrical, steering, body, etc.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $90.00
TRANSMISSION, TRANSAXLE, TRANSFER CASE
UNIT REPAIR MANUAL
This manual provides information on unit repair service
procedures, adjustments and specifications for the
1999 GM transmissions, transaxles and transfer cases.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $50.00
SERVICE BULLETINS
Service Bulletins give technical service information needed
to knowledgeably service General Motors cars and trucks.
Each bulletin contains instructions to assist in the
diagnosis and service of your vehicle.
PLEASE COMPLETE THE ORDER FORM SHOWN ON
THE FOLLOWING PAGE AND MAIL TO:
Helm, Incorporated S P.O. Box 07130 S Detroit, MI 48207
7-12
OWNER’S INFORMATION
Owner publications are written directly for Owners and
intended to provide basic operational information about
the vehicle.
In-Portfolio: Includes a Portfolio, Owner’s Manual and
Warranty Booklet.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $15.00
Without Portfolio: Owner’s Manual only.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $10.00
CURRENT & PAST MODEL ORDER FORMS
Service Publications are available for current and past
model GM vehicles. To request an order form, please
specify year and model name of the vehicle.
OR ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-551-4123
Monday-Friday 8:00 AM – 6:00 PM Eastern Time
For Credit Card Orders Only (VISA–MasterCard–Discover)
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ORDER TOLL FREE
Orders will be mailed within 10 days of receipt. Please allow adequate time for postal
service. If further information is needed, write to the address shown below or call
1-800-551-4123. Material cannot be returned for credit without packing slip with return
information within 30 days of delivery. On returns, a re-stocking fee may be applied
against the original order.
(NOTE: For Credit Card Holders Only)
1-800-551-4123
(Monday-Friday 8:00 AM – 6:00 PM EST)
FAX Orders Only 1-313-865-5927
1
9
9
9
PUBLICATION FORM
NUMBER
ITEM DESCRIPTION
VEHICLE MODEL
NAME
YEAR
QTY.
PRICE
EACH*
Service Manual
1999
$90.00
Car & Light Truck
Transmission Unit Repair
1999
$50.00
Owner’s Manual In Portfolio
1999
$15.00
Owner’s Manual Without Portfolio
1999
$10.00
TOTAL
PRICE
G
M
S
H
I
P
T
O
NOTE: Dealers and Companies please provide dealer or company name, and also the
name of the person to whose attention the shipment should be sent.
Mail completed order form to:
HELM, INCORPORATED S P.O. Box 07130 S Detroit, MI 48207
For purchases outside U.S.A. please write to the above address for quotation.
(CUSTOMER’S NAME)
(ATTENTION)
(STREET ADDRESS—NO P.O. BOX NUMBERS)
(CITY)
(STATE)
DAYTIME TELEPHONE NO.
(ZIP CODE)
(
)
AREA CODE
GM-CAD-ORD99
*(Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring
obligation. Allow ample time for delivery.)
P
A
Y
M
E
N
T
Check or Money
Order payable to
Helm, Inc. (USA funds
only — do not send cash.)
TOTAL MATERIAL
Michigan Purchasers
add 6% sales tax
U.S. Order Processing
MasterCard
VISA
$5.00
Canadian Postage
(See Note Below)
GRAND TOTAL
Discover
Account
Number:
Expiration
Date mo/yr:
Check here if your billing address
is different from your shipping
address shown.
CUSTOMER SIGNATURE
Note to Canadian Customers: All listed prices are quoted in U.S. funds. Canadian residents
are to make checks payable in U.S. funds. To cover Canadian postage, add $11.50 plus the
U.S. order processing.
7-13
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✍
7-14
NOTES
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✍
NOTES
7-15
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✍
7-16
NOTES
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✍
NOTES
7-17
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✍
7-18
NOTES
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Section 8 Index
A
BS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Adapter Kits, CDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-23
Adding Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-12
Adding Equipment to the Outside of Your Vehicle . . . . . . 6-3
Air Bag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-20
How Does it Restrain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-25
How it Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-23
Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-23
Readiness Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-22, 2-62
Servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-26
What Makes it Inflate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-24
What Will You See After it Inflates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-25
When Should it Inflate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-24
Air Cleaner/Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-16
Air Conditioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
Air Conditioning Refrigerants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-65
Air Control, Climate Control System . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3, 3-4
Alarm, Theft-Deterrent System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14
Alignment and Balance, Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-46
Aluminum Wheels, Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-52
Antenna, Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-32
Antifreeze . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-23
Anti-Lock
Brake System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-64, 4-7
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Anti-Lockout Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Anti-Theft, Radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-28
Appearance Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-48
Appearance Materials, Vehicle Care Chart . . . . . . . . . . . 6-54
Apply Brake To Shift Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-71
Arbitration Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
Armrest, Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-49, 2-50
Ashtrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-50
Assist Handles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-52
Audio Equipment, Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-30
Audio Steering Wheel Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-28
Audio System, Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-29
Audio Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Automatic Door Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Automatic Pull-Down Feature, Trunk Lid . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Automatic Transaxle
Overdrive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-23
Shifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21
Starting Your Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-19
Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-19
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21
8-
8-1
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Battery
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-32
Charging System Indicator Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-62
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Not Charge Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-72
Replacement, Remote Keyless Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Voltage High Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-72
Voltage Low Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-72
Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3, 5-5
Battery Savers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-43, 2-44
BBB Auto Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
Better Business Bureau Mediation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
Blade Replacement, Windshield Wipers . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-39
Blizzard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-27
Brake
Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-31
Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-29
Master Cylinder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-29
Parking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-25
Pedal Travel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-31
Replacing System Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-32
System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-62
Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-34
Transaxle Shift Interlock (BTSI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-29
Vacuum Problem Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-72
Wear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-31
Brakes, Anti-Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Braking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Braking in Emergencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Break-In, New Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
Brightness Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-43
8-2
BTSI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front Turn Signal Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Headlamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear Turn Signal Lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Taillamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C
2-29
6-33
6-36
6-39
6-33
6-38
6-38
apacities and Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-65
Carbon Monoxide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-30, 4-28, 4-34
Carpet Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-48
Cassette Tape Player Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-30
Cassette Tape Players . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-12, 3-19
CD Adapter Kits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-23
CD Changer, Trunk-Mounted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-23
Cellular Telephone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-51
Center Console Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-49
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp Bulb Replacement . . . . 6-36
Center Passenger Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-31
Central Door Unlocking System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Certification Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30
Chains, Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-34
Chains, Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-47
Change Engine Oil Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-72
Change Trans Fluid Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-72
Changing a Flat Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-20
Charging System Indicator Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-62
Check Brake Fluid Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-84
Check Coolant Level Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-84
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Check Fuel Gauge Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Check Gas Cap Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Check Oil Level Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Check Washer Fluid Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking Your Restraint Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chemical Paint Spotting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Child Restraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Securing in a Rear Outside Seat Position . . . . . . . . . . .
Securing in the Center Rear Seat Position . . . . . . . . . .
Securing in the Right Front Seat Position . . . . . . . . . .
Top Strap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Where to Put . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CHMSL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chrome-Plated Wheels, Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cigarette Lighter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Circuit Breakers and Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
City Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exterior Lamps/Lenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fabric/Carpet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Glass Surfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inside of Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Instrument Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interior Plastic Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Outside of the Windshield and Wiper Blades . . . . . . .
Outside of Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Speaker Covers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-84
2-84
2-84
2-84
6-12
1-49
6-53
1-35
1-40
1-42
1-44
1-40
1-39
6-36
6-52
2-50
6-59
4-19
6-52
6-51
6-48
6-50
6-48
6-49
6-49
6-49
6-50
6-51
6-49
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-52
Vinyl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-49
Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-52
Wood Panels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-49
Climate Control Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Climate Control Personalization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Climate Control, Steering Wheel Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Clock, Setting the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Cluster, Instrument Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-58
Comfort Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Comfort Controls and Radio System Personalization . . . 2-84
Compact Disc Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-31
Compact Disc Player Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-31
Compact Disc Players . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-21
Compact Spare Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-31
Compartments, Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-49
Compass, Rearview Mirror with . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-45
Console, Overhead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-49
Console Shift Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-27
Continuous Variable Road Sensing
Suspension (CVRSS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-84
Control of a Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Control System, Traction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
Convenience Net . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-50
Convex Outside Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-48
Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-23
Heater, Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20
Surge Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-13
Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-13
Cornering Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-42
8-3
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Courtesy Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-8
Cruise Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-37
Cruise Engaged Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-73
Cupholders (in Storage Areas) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-49, 2-50
Curb View Assist Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-48, 2-83
Customer Assistance
For Text Telephone Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1
Offices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-4
Customer Satisfaction Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2
CVRSS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-84
D
amage, Finish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-53
Damage, Sheet Metal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-52
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-41
Dead Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Defects, Reporting Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-10, 7-11
Defensive Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Defogger, Rear Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
Defrosting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
DIC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-70
DIC Controls and Displays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-70
DIC Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-71
Dimensions, Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-66
Dolby B Noise Reduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13, 3-21
Door
Ajar Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-73
Central Unlocking System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Map Pocket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-49
8-4
Driver Door Ajar Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-73
Driver Information Center (DIC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-70
Driver Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
Driver’s Outside Auto-Dimming Rearview Mirror . . . . . 2-48
Driver’s Side Temperature Knob . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Driving
City . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-19
Defensive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Drunken . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
Freeway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20
In a Blizzard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-27
In Foreign Countries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
In the Rain and on Wet Roads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-17
Night . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-15
On Curves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
On Grades While Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-36
On Hill and Mountain Roads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-23
On Snow and Ice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-25
Through Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-19
Wet Roads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-17
Winter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
With a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-35
DRL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-41
Dual Temperature Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
E
CC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Electrical Equipment, Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20, 6-55
Electrical System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-55
Electronic Climate Control (ECC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Electronic Level Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-31
yellowblue
Electronic Solar Sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10
Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-23
Coolant Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20
Coolant Hot, Idle Engine Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-74
Coolant Temperature Gage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-65
Coolant Temperature Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-65
Cooling When Trailer Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-37
Exhaust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-30
Hot - A/C Off Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-74
Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-55
Misfire -- Ease Off Gas Pedal Message . . . . . . . . . . . 2-74
Overheated, Stop Engine Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-74
Overheating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10
Power Reduced Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-74
Running While Parked . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-31
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-65
Speed Limiter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-60
Starting Your . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-19
Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-12
Additives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-14
Checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-12
Used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-15
What Kind of Oil to Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-13
When to Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-14
English/Metric Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-59
Ethanol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4
Exhaust, Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-30
Express-Down Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-32
Exterior Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-40
Exterior Lighting Battery Saver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-43
Fabric Cleaning
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-48
Fan Button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Filling a Portable Fuel Container . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
Filling Your Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
Filter, Engine Air Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-16
Finish Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-51
Finish Damage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-53
First Gear, Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24
Flashers, Hazard Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Flash-To-Pass Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-34
Flat Tire, Changing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-20
Floor Mats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-52
Fluid
AutomaticTransaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-19
Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-29
Capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-65
Power Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-26
Windshield Washer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-27
Fog Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-42
Foreign Countries, Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
Freeway Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20
French Language Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
Front Turn Signal Lamps, Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . 6-35
8-5
yellowblue
Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
Data Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-69
Door Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-6
Filling a Portable Container . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
Filling Your Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
Gage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-69
In Foreign Countries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
Level Low Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-74
Fuses
Circuit Breakers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-59
Rear Compartment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-62
Underhood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-59
Windshield Wipers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-56
Gages
Engine Coolant Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-65
Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-69
Speedometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-59
Tachometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-60
Garment Hooks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-52
GAWR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30
Gear Positions, Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21
Glove Box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-49
GM Mobility Program for Persons with Disabilities . . . . . 7-5
Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30
Guide en Français . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
GVWR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30
8-6
H
alogen Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-33
Handles, Assist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-52
Hazard Warning Flashers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Head Restraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
Headlamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-40
Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-33
High/Low Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-34
Suggested Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-74
Wiper Activated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-40
Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-56
Hearing Impaired, Customer Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
Heated Front Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
Heating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
High-Beam Headlamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-34
Highway Hypnosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-22
Hill and Mountain Road Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-23
Hitches, Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-34
Hood
Checking Things Under . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-9
Hooks, Garment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-52
Horn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-32
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant Surge Tank . . . . . . . 5-15
How to Reset the Oil Life Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-15
How to Reset Transaxle Fluid Change Indicator . . . . . . . 6-22
HVAC Steering Wheel Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Hydraulic Brake Warning Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-62
Hydroplaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-18
yellowblue
I
ce Possible Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ignition Positions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Illuminated Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inadvertent Power Battery Saver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Indicator, Oil Life . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inflation, Tire Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Instrument Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning the Top . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Intensity/Brightness Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interior Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-75
2-17
2-44
2-44
2-84
6-40
2-56
6-49
2-58
2-43
2-43
Jack, Tire
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-21, 5-22
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
K
eyless Entry System, Remote . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
Labels
Certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Service Parts Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tire-Loading Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vehicle Identification Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lamps
Cornering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Daytime Running Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exterior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-30
6-55
4-29
6-55
2-42
2-41
2-40
Fog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-42
Instrument Panel Intensity/Brightness Control . . . . . . 2-43
Interior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-43
On Reminder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-41
Parking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-40
Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-44
Underhood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
Latches, Seatback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
Leaving Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Leaving Your Vehicle with the Engine Running . . . . . . . 2-28
Light Sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-43
Lighted Visor Vanity Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-51
Lighter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-50
Lights
Air Bag Readiness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-22, 2-62
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-64, 4-7
Brake System Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-62
Charging System Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-62
Engine Coolant Temperature Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-65
Oil Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-68
Parking Brake Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-63
Safety Belt Reminder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7, 2-61
Service Engine Soon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-66
Traction Control System Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-64, 4-9
Limiter, Engine Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-60
Limiter, Vehicle Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-60
Loading Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-29
8-7
yellowblue
Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Anti-Lockout Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Automatic Door . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Door . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Power Door . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Programmable Automatic Door . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5, 2-80
Trunk Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
Lock/Unlock Confirmation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-81
Loss of Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-14
Low Refrig A/C Off Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-75
Lumbar Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Lumbar, Massaging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
agnasteerR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Maintenance
Normal Replacement Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-66
Underbody . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-53
When Trailer Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-37
Malfunction Indicator Lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-66
Map Pocket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-49
Massaging Lumbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Matching Transmitters To Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Mats, Floor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-52
MaxiFusesR/Relay Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-56
Memory and Personalization Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-79
Memory Seat and Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3, 2-79
Methanol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4
M
8-8
Mirrors
Convex Outside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-48
Curb View Assist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-48, 2-83
Driver’s Outside Auto-Dimming Rearview . . . . . . . . . 2-48
Lighted Visor Vanity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-51
Memory Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3, 2-79
Power Remote Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-47
MMT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4
Model Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
Monitored Systems OK Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-75
Mountain Road Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-23
Multifunction Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-33
et, Convenience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Neutral, Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
New Vehicle Break-In . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Night Vision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . .
N
2-50
2-23
2-17
4-16
6-66
O
2-59
2-59
4-12
dometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Odometer, Trip . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Off-Road Recovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Oil
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Life Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Life Indicator, How to Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pressure Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pressure Low Stop Engine Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-11
2-84
6-15
2-68
2-75
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OnStarR System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-51
Options Not Set Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-75
Overdrive, Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-23
Overhead Console . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-49
Overheated Engine Protection Operating Mode . . . . . . . 5-10
Overheating Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10
Owner Publications, Ordering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-11, 7-12
P
aint Spotting, Chemical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-53
Parade Dimming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-44
PARK(P)
Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21
Shifting Into . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-27
Shifting Out of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-29
Parking
At Night . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-25
Brake Indicator Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-63
Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-40
Lots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
Over Things That Burn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-30
With a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-36
Passenger’s Side Temperature Button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Passing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-13
PASS-KeyR II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
People with Disabilities, GM Mobility Program . . . . . . . . 7-5
Personalization, Climate Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Personalization Feature, Radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-27
Phone Not Present Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-75
Playing a Cassette Tape . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-12, 3-19
Playing a Compact Disc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-21
Power
Accessory, Retained . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-19
Antenna Mast Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-32
Door Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Remote Control Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-47
Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Steering Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-26
Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-32
Windows and Other Power Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-56
Pregnancy, Use of Safety Belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-19
Problems on the Road . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
Program Pass Key Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-75
Programmable Automatic Door Locks . . . . . . . . . . 2-5, 2-80
Publications, Service and Owner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-11, 7-12
Pull-Down Feature, Automatic Trunk Lid . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Radio Data Systems (RDS) Program
Type (PTY) Selections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-22
Radio Personalization with Home and Away Feature . . . 3-27
Radio Reception, Understanding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-29
Radio Theft-Deterrent Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-28
Radios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10, 3-13
Rain, Driving In . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-17
Rainsense Wipers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-35
RAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-19
Reading Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-44
t
8-9
yellowblue
Rear
Compartment Fuse Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-62
Outside Seat Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-28
Seat Passengers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-27
Storage Armrest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-50
Turn Signal Lamp, Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-38
Window Defogger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
Rearview Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-45, 2-48
Driver’s Outside Auto-Dimming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-48
Electrochromic Day/Night with Compass . . . . . . . . . . 2-45
Recirculation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
Reclining Front Seatbacks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
Recreational Vehicle Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-28
Refrigerants, Air Conditioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-65
Remote
Fuel Door Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-6
Keyless Entry (RKE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Recall Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-82
Trunk Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
Remove Key Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-75
Replacement
Bulbs (Part Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-64
Normal Maintenance Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-66
Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-46
Replacing Safety Belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-49
Reporting Safety Defects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-10, 7-11
Restraints
Checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-49
Child . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-35
8-10
Head . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
Replacing Parts After a Crash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-49
Resynchronization (Remote Keyless Entry) . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Retained Accessory Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-19
Reverse, Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22
Right Front Passenger Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-20
RKE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Roadside Service (Assistance) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5
Rocking Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-32
Rotation, Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-42
S
afety Belt Extender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-49
Safety Belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7
Adults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-50
Center Passenger Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-31
Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-32
Driver Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
Extender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-49
How to Wear Properly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
Incorrect Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-15, 1-47, 1-48
Lap Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-31
Lap-Shoulder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12, 1-28
Larger Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-46
Questions and Answers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-11
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-28
Rear Seat Passengers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-27
Reminder Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7, 2-61
Replacing After a Crash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-49
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Right Front Passenger Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-20
Shoulder Belt Tightness Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
Smaller Children and Babies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-32
Use During Pregnancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-19
Why They Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8
Safety Chains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-34
Safety Defects, Reporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-10, 7-11
Safety Warnings and Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
Seatback
Latches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
Reclining Front . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
Seats
Heated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
Lumbar Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Memory Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3, 2-79
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Restraint Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
Seat Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Securing a Child Restraint . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-40, 1-42, 1-44
Second Gear, Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24
Security System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14, 2-16
Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
A/C System Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-76
Air Bag Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-76
Brake Fluid Switch Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-76
Bulletins, Ordering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-11, 7-12
Charging System Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-76
Electrical Sys Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-76
Engine Soon Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-66
Fuel System Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-76
Idle Control Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-76
Manuals, Ordering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-11, 7-12
Parts Identification Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-55
Publications, Ordering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-11, 7-12
Ride Sys Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-76
Stability Sys Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-77
Steering Sys Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-76
Transmission Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-76
Vehicle Soon Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-76
Work, Doing Your Own . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
Service and Appearance Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
Service and Owner Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-11, 7-12
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . 1-26
Setting the Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Sheet Metal Damage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-52
Shift Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-27
Shift Lever, Positions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21
Shifting
Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21
Into PARK (P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-27
Out of PARK (P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-29
Shoulder Belt Tightness Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
Signaling Turns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-33
SIR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-20
Skidding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-14
Solar Sensor, Electronic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
Sound Equipment, Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-30
Spare Tire, Compact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-31
Speaker Covers, Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-49
8-11
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Specifications and Capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-65
Speech Impaired, Customer Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
Speedometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-59
Stability Engaged Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-77
Starting Disabled Remove Key Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-77
Starting Your Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-19
Steam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-11, 5-12
Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
In Emergencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-11
MagnasteerR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Wheel Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9, 3-28
Wheel, Tilt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-33
Storage
Compartments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-49
Mode Personalization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-45, 2-83
System, Trunk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-32
Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-32
Sun Visors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-51
Sunglasses Storage Compartment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-49
Sunroof . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-52
Supplemental Inflatable Restraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-20
Surge Tank, Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-13
Surge Tank Pressure Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-22
Symbols, Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
8-12
T
achometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-60
Taillamps, Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-38
Tape Player Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-30
Tapes, Playing Cassettes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-12, 3-19
Telephone, Cellular . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-51
Temperature Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Theft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
Theft System Problem, Car May Not Restart Message . . 2-77
Theft-Deterrent Feature, Radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-28
Theft-Deterrent System (Vehicle Alarm) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14
Thermostat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-23
Third Gear, Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24
Tilt Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-33
Time, Setting the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Tips About Your Audio System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-29
Tire Loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-29
Tire-Loading Information Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-29
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-40
Alignment and Balance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-46
Buying New . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-44
Chains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-47
Changing a Flat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-20
Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-52
Compact Spare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-31
Inflation Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-40
Inspection and Rotation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-42
Loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-29
Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-45
yellowblue
Traction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-45
Treadwear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-45
Uniform Quality Grading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-45
Wear Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-43
Wheel Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-46
When It’s Time for New . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-43
Top Speed Fuel Off Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-78
Top Strap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-40
Torque Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-28
Torque, Wheel Nut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-28, 6-65
Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-31
Towing, Recreational Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-28
Towing Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9
Traction
Control System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
Control System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-64, 4-9
Engaged Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-78
Off Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-78
Ready Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-78
Suspended Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-78
Trailer
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-34
Driving on Grades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-36
Driving with . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-35
Engine Cooling When Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-37
Hitches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-34
Maintenance When Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-37
Parking on Hills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-36
Safety Chains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-34
Tongue Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-33
Total Weight on Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-34
Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-31
Turn Signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-36
Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-32
Trans Fluid Reset Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-78
Trans Hot Idle Eng Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-78
Transaxle Fluid, Automatic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-19
Transmitter, Universal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-53
Transmitters, Remote Keyless Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Transportation, Courtesy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-8
Trip Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-59
Trunk
2-9
Automatic Pull-Down Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
CD Changer, Mounted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-23
Lock Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
Open Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-78
Storage System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
TTY Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
Turn and Lane Change Signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-33
Turn Signal On Chime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-33
Turn Signal On Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-78
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-33
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-36
Twilight SentinelR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-42
8-13
yellowblue
U
nderbody Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Underhood Fuse Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Underhood Lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Understanding Radio Reception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Universal Transmitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
V
6-53
6-59
6-11
3-29
2-53
alet Lockout Button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
Vehicle
Care/Appearance Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-54
Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Control, Loss of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-14
Damage Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-66
Identification Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-55
Loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-29
Overspeed Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-79
Speed Limited to XXX MPH (KM/H) Message . . . . . 2-79
Speed Limiter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-60
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-32
Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
Towing, Recreational . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-28
Ventilation System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8
VIN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-55
Visors, Sun . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-51
8-14
W
arning Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-61
Warranty Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-10
Washer Fluid, Windshield . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-27
Washing Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-51
Weatherstrips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-50
Wheel
Alignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-46
Cover, Removing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-23
Nut Torque . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-28, 6-65
Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-46
Wrench . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-21, 5-22
Window, Rear Defogger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-32
Express-Down . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-32
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-32
Windshield Washer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-36
Windshield Washer Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-36, 6-27
Windshield Wipers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-35
Blade Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-39
Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-56
Rainsense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-35
Winter Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
Wiper-Activated Headlamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-40
Wiring, Headlamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-56
Wood Panels, Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-49
Wrecker Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9
Wrench, Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-21, 5-22
t
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