Ericsson | 1553-FGC 101 1010 Uen A | User guide | Ericsson 1553-FGC 101 1010 Uen A User guide

Ericsson 1553-FGC 101 1010 Uen A User guide
EQ8096 Universal Edge QAM
Software Version 6.6.0
REFERENCE GUIDE
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
EQ8096 Universal Edge QAM
ENGLISH (UK) - READ THIS FIRST!
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If you do not understand the contents of this manual. DO NOT OPERATE
THIS EQUIPMENT. Also, translation into any EC official language of this
manual can be made available, at your cost.
Se non si capisce il contenuto del presente manuale. NON UTILIZZARE
L’APPARECCHIATURA.. È anche disponibile la versione italiana di questo
manuale, ma il costo è a carico dell’utente.
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Om Ni inte förstår informationen i denna handbok. ARBETA DÅ INTE MED
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een vertaling van deze handleiding krijgen.
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SUOMI - LUE ENNEN KÄYTTÖÄ!
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manual para o português à própria custa.
Jos et ymmärrä käsikirjan sisältöä. ÄLÄ KÄYTÄ LAITETTA. Käsikirja
voidaan myös suomentaa asiakkaan kustannuksella.
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είναι διαθέσιμο σε μετάφραση σε αυτή τη γλώσσα και μπορείτε να το
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Copyright
© Copyright Ericsson AB 2011. All rights reserved.
Disclaimer
No part of this document may be reproduced in any form without the written permission of the
copyright owner.
The contents of this document are subject to revision without notice due to continued progress in
methodology, design and manufacturing. Ericsson shall have no liability for any error or damage of
any kind resulting from the use of this document.
ii
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A 2011-09-06
Contents
Contents
Chapter 1: Introduction
Provides a description of the equipment, its main features and functions and
identifies the controls, indicators and connectors.
Chapter 2: Installing the Equipment
Provides installation requirements, preparation and installation procedures, details
external connectors and provides important safety information.
Chapter 3: Operating the EQ8096 Using the Web Browser
Details how to access and use the Web Browser Interface for a range of diagnostic
and other utilities.
Chapter 4: Alarms
Details the Alarm web pages and what is contained on them.
Chapter 5: Configuration of Conditional Access Using XML File Download
Details of how to configure service/component scrambling (static conditional access
event definition) when an external EIS ‘Event Information System’ is not available.
Chapter 6: Preventive Maintenance and Fault-Finding
Details routine maintenance tasks, servicing advice, fault-finding information,
warranty, maintenance and gives relevant disposal information.
Chapter 7: Code Upgrade and License Key Entry
Specifies the procedure for upgrading software via FTP and obtaining and entering
license keys to enable DVBCA functionality on the EQ8096.
Chapter 8: Unit Configuration via FTP
Details configuration storage to a local PC using the FTP get command and the
configuration of other units with the same parameters using the FTP put command.
Chapter 9: Upgrading EQ8096 with Input and Output Option Cards
Details the procedures for installing and removing Input and Out Option Cards
Chapter 10: EQ8096 M-CMTS System Test Specification
Describes the system test specification for on site test and verification of the
EQ8096 DEPI-MPT functionality using a CISCO uBR10K Core.
Annex A: Glossary
Annex B: Technical Specification
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A 2011-09-06
iii
Preliminary Pages
Introduction
This Reference Guide provides instructions and information for the installation,
operation of the EQ8096 Universal Edge QAM.
This Reference Guide should be kept in a safe place for reference for the life of the
equipment. It is not intended that this Reference Guide will be amended by the issue
of individual pages. Any revision will be by a complete reissue. Further copies of this
Reference Guide can be ordered from the address listed in Customer Services. If
passing the equipment to a third party, also pass the relevant documentation.
Revision History
Issues of this Reference Guide are listed below:
Issue
Date
Software Version
Comments
1
Jan 2008
Sv 6.0.0
Initial Issue (New Re-Branded format).
2
Jan 2009
Sv 6.2.0
Covers extra functionality released in 6.2.0.
3
July 2009
Sv 6.5.0
Covers functionality released in 6.5.0.
A
Aug 2011
Sv 6.6.0
Allocation of Ericsson number. Identity &
rebrand completion. Covers functionality
released in 6.6.0.
Associated Documents
The following manuals/guides are also associated with this equipment:
Ericsson Document
Identity
Original Document
Number
Title
1/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
ST.US.E10243
EQ8096 User Guide
Trademarks
All best endeavors have been made to acknowledge registered trademarks and
trademarks used throughout this Reference Guide. Any notified omissions will be
rectified in the next issue of this Reference Guide. Some trademarks may be
registered in some jurisdictions but not in others.
Registered trademarks and trademarks used are acknowledged below and marked
with their respective symbols. However, they are not marked within the text of this
Reference Guide.
iv
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A 2011-09-06
Preliminary Pages
Registered Trademarks
Ethernet®
Registered trademark of Xerox Corporation.
Warnings, Cautions and Notes
Heed Warnings
All warnings on the product and in the operating instructions should be adhered to.
The manufacturer can not be held responsible for injuries or damage where
warnings and cautions have been ignored or taken lightly.
Read Instructions
All the safety and operating instructions should be read before this product is
operated.
Follow Instructions
All operating and use instructions should be followed.
Retain Instructions
The safety and operating instructions should be retained for future reference.
Warning!
Warnings give information which, if strictly observed, will prevent personal injury or
death, or damage to property or the environment. They are highlighted for
emphasis, as in this example, and are placed immediately preceding the point at
which the reader requires them.
Caution!
Cautions give information which, if strictly followed, will prevent damage to
equipment or other goods. They are highlighted for emphasis, as in this example,
and are placed immediately preceding the point at which the reader requires them.
Note:
Notes provide supplementary information. They are highlighted for
emphasis, as in this example, and are placed immediately after the relevant
text.
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A 2011-09-06
v
Preliminary Pages
EMC Compliance
This equipment is certified to the EMC requirements detailed in Annex B, Technical
Specification. To maintain this certification, only use the leads supplied or if in doubt
contact Customer Services.
Contact Information
Support Services
Our primary objective is to provide first class customer care that is tailored to your
specific business and operational requirements. All levels are supported by one or
more service performance reviews to ensure the perfect partnership between
Ericsson and your business.
Warranty
All Ericsson products and systems are designed and built to the highest standards
and are covered under a comprehensive 12 month warranty.
Levels of Continuing Ericsson Service Support
For standalone equipment, then Ericsson BASIC Essential support is the value for
money choice for you. BASIC provides you with year-by-year Service long after the
warranty has expired.
Call Ericsson Sales for more details.
Customer Services
vi
Europe, Middle East
and Africa
Tel:
+44 (0) 23 8048 4455
Fax: +44 (0) 23 8048 4467
Email: tvsupportemea@ericsson.com
Americas
Tel:
Tel:
Fax:
Email:
Email:
+888 671 1268
+678 812 6255
+678 812 6262
tvsupportamericas@ericsson.com
tvsupport@ericsson.com
US and Canada
International
China
Tel:
Fax:
Tel:
Fax:
Email:
+86 10 8476 8676
+86 10 8476 7741
+852 2590 2388
+852 2590 9550
tvsupportapac@ericsson.com
Beijing
Beijing
Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Australia and New
Zealand
Tel:
+612 (0) 9111 4027
Fax: +612 (0) 9111 4949
Email: tvsupportanz@ericsson.com
Internet Address
www.ericsson.com
Compression
Software Support Centre
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A 2011-09-06
Preliminary Pages
Technical Training
Ericsson provides a wide range of training courses on the operation and
maintenance of our products and on their supporting technologies. Ericsson can
provide both regularly scheduled courses and training tailored to individual needs.
Courses can be run either at your premises or at one of our dedicated training
facilities.
International
Tel:
+44 (0) 23 8048 4229
Fax: +44 (0) 23 8048 4161
Email: tvglobaltraining@ericsson.com
Customer Services and Technical Training Postal Address
Ericsson
Unit 2
Strategic Park
Comines Way
Hedge End
Southampton
Hampshire
SO30 4DA
United Kingdom
Return of Equipment
If you need to return equipment for repair please contact your local Ericsson
Customer Services Department.
Please refer to the Customer Services Contact Information on Page vi
You will then be directed to return the faulty equipment to a repair centre with
the appropriate facilities for that equipment. A tracking number will be issued that
should be used if you need to enquire about the progress of the repair. The
equipment should be properly packed and the tracking number should be clearly
marked on the outside of the packaging.
Technical Publications
If you need to contact Ericsson Technical Publications regarding this publication,
e-mail: tvtechpubs@ericsson.com.
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A 2011-09-06
vii
Preliminary Pages
BLANK
viii
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A 2011-09-06
1 Introduction to the EQ8096
Chapter 1
Contents
1.1
1.1.1
1.1.2
1.1.3
1.1.4
1.2
1.2.1
1.2.2
1.2.3
1.2.4
1.2.5
1.2.6
1.2.7
1.2.8
1.3
1.3.1
1.3.1.1
1.3.1.2
1.3.1.3
1.3.1.4
1.3.2
1.4
1.4.1
1.4.2
1.4.2.1
1.4.3
1.4.4
Scope of this Reference Guide............................................................. 1-3
Who Should Use This Reference Guide............................................... 1-3
Version Information .............................................................................. 1-3
What Equipment is covered by This Reference Guide ......................... 1-3
Card Assignment .................................................................................. 1-5
Summary of Features ........................................................................... 1-5
Overview............................................................................................... 1-5
Data Input ............................................................................................. 1-6
Transport Stream Processing............................................................... 1-7
PSI Extraction and Insertion ................................................................. 1-7
DOCSIS 3.0 DTI Timestamping ........................................................... 1-7
Modulation and Up-conversion............................................................. 1-8
Control and Monitoring ......................................................................... 1-8
DVB-CA ................................................................................................ 1-8
Output Channel Mappings.................................................................... 1-8
Channel Mappings................................................................................ 1-8
Standard Mapping ................................................................................ 1-9
Distributed Mapping.............................................................................. 1-9
‘6 Card’ mapping ................................................................................ 1-10
‘Single 1G Input’ mapping .................................................................. 1-10
UDP Port Mapping.............................................................................. 1-10
Guided Tour........................................................................................ 1-11
Enclosure............................................................................................ 1-11
Front Panel Description ...................................................................... 1-11
Front Panel LEDs ............................................................................... 1-11
Front Panel Controls........................................................................... 1-12
Rear Panel Description....................................................................... 1-12
List of Figures
Figure 1.1 Slot Numbering (Rear View) ................................................................. 1-5
Figure 1.2 E8096 Front Panel Indicators. ............................................................ 1-12
Figure 1.3 EQ8096 Rear Panel Component Parts and Connectors .................... 1-13
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1-1
Introduction to the EQ8096
List of Tables
Table 1.1
Table 1.2
Table 1.3
Table 1.4
Table 1.5
Table 1.6
Equipment Marketing Codes ................................................................ 1-4
Card Assignment.................................................................................. 1-5
Input/Output mapping for ’Standard’ mode. ......................................... 1-9
Channel Allocations for ’Standard’ mode (example Slot 1). ................. 1-9
Channel Allocations for ‘Distributed Input’ mode (example Slot 1) ...... 1-9
Channel and Transport Stream Allocations for ‘Distributed Input’
mode (example Slot 1) ....................................................................... 1-10
Table 1.7 Channel Allocations for ‘6 card’ mode (example Slot 1)..................... 1-10
Table 1.8 Channel Allocations for ‘Single 1G Input’’ mode ................................ 1-10
Table 1.9 Front Panel Indicators ........................................................................ 1-11
1-2
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Introduction to the EQ8096
1.1
Scope of this Reference Guide
1.1.1
Who Should Use This Reference Guide
This Reference Guide is written for operators/users of the EQ8096 Universal Edge
QAM to assist in the installation, operation and day-to-day care. This product is
referred to throughout this Reference Guide as ‘EQ8096’.
Warning!
Removing the covers of this equipment may invalidate any warranties, cause a
safety hazard or/and affect the EMC performance.
Caution!
Unauthorized maintenance or the use of non-approved replacements may affect the
equipment specification and invalidate any warranties.
This Reference Guide does not include any maintenance information or procedures
which would require the removal of covers.
1.1.2
Version Information
This Reference Guide has been written to cover Software version 6.6.0 and later.
The current versions can be found on the Device Info tabbed page by selecting the
Version Information web page. The EQ8096 hardware provides a component
based indication of the PCB version.
The appropriate number should be quoted in all correspondence with Ericsson.
1.1.3
What Equipment is covered by This Reference Guide
This Reference Guide covers the EQ8096 Universal Edge QAM, which is a digital
cable product for use as a regional broadcast modulator.
The EQ8096 is configured to deliver up to 96QAM channels (for 6 MHz or 8 MHz
QAM networks) using up to 8 modulator assemblies. The modulator assemblies
should be ordered with each base unit.
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1-3
Introduction to the EQ8096
Table 1.1
Equipment Marketing Codes
Marketing Code
Price Object
Number
Supply
Object
Number
Description
EQ8096/BAS
FAZ 101 0127/1
KDU137662/1
Base Unit. Input card, single PSU,
chassis, RJ-45 data input
EQ8096/HWO/12QAM
FAZ1010127/5
ROA 128 3919
12-channel QAM Modulator. One
assembly provides up to 12-channels
capable of frequencies up to
857 MHz
EQ8096/HWO/12QAM/UPG
FAZ1010127/13
ROA 128 4182
Modulator Assembly - 12QAM
Channels upgrade
EQ8096/HWO/12QAM/1GHZ
FAZ1010127/6
ROA 128 3923
12-channel /QAM Modulator with
extended RF range. One assembly
provides up to 12-channels capable
of frequencies up to 999 MHz
EQ8096/HWO/12QAM/1GHZ/
UPG
FAZ1010127/17
ROA 128 4186
12QAM 1GHz Option Card upgrade
EQ8096/HWO/DPS
FAZ1010127/7
ROA 128 3921
Dual PSUs
EQ8096/HWO/DPS/UPG
FAZ1010127/15
ROA 128 4184
Dual Power Supply upgrade
EQ8096/HWO/DPS/48V
FAZ1010127/8
ROA 128 3922
Dual PSU 48 V DC
EQ8096/HWO/DPS/48V/UPG
FAZ1010127/16
ROA 128 4185
Dual Power Supply for 48 V DC
option upgrade
EQ8096/HWO/DTI
FAZ1010127/9
ROA 128 3920
DOCSIS Timing Interface. Client
daughter card
EQ8096/HWO/DTI/UPG
FAZ1010127/14
ROA 128 4183
DOCSIS Timing Interface upgrade
EQ8096/BAS/SFP
FAZ 101 0127/3
KDU137662/2
Base unit, SFP. Base unit with SFP
data connection interface
EQ8096/BAS/SFP/48V
FAZ 101 0127/4
KDU137662/4
Base Unit DC, SFP. I/P Card, Single
PSU SFP, 48 V DC
EQ8096/BAS/48V
FAZ 101 0127/2
KDU137662/3
Base Unit DC. I/P Card, Simple PSU
RJ-45, 48 V DC PSU
EQ8096/SWO/1GHZ
FAZ1010127/10
FAT1020297
License to extend 12QAM Modulator
card to 1 GHz. License key enable
option. Must be included at time of
unit order if required.
EQ8096/SWO/DVBCA
FAZ1010127/11
FAT1020294
DVB Conditional Access and
Scrambling. License key enabled
option. Must be included at time of
unit order if required.
EQ8096/SWO/MCMTS
FAZ1010127/12
FAT1020296
M-CMTS Base License
1-4
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Introduction to the EQ8096
1.1.4
Card Assignment
Figure 1.1 shows the position of the various cards at the rear of the unit.
5
Input Card
6
1
3
7
2
4
8
Figure 1.1 Slot Numbering (Rear View)
See Table 1.2 for card position assignments.
Table 1.2 Card Assignment
Slot
Card
Comments
Input
Card
Data Input
and Control
This acts as the data input card and host controller, providing
data and support for the Modulator assemblies.
1-8
MultiQAM
assembly
EQ8096/HW0/12QAM - Modulator card assembly
1.2
Summary of Features
1.2.1
Overview
The EQ8096 is a key component for the cost-effective deployment of regional
services over cable networks. Located at the network edge, the EQ8096 takes in
single program Transport Streams and/or multi-program Transport Streams,
DOCSIS 3.0 (MCMTS) DEPI data streams, provides remote multiplexing, QAM
modulation and UHF up-conversion in a single highly integrated unit.
Its core features include:
•
8 x Electrical 1000BaseT or 8 x optical SFP option data input interface as
standard configured in 1+1 redundancy mode.
•
Support for reception, dejittering and remultiplexing of up to 4096 single program
Transport Streams (SPTS) encapsulated in UDP (up to 64 services per output
TS).
•
Support for reception, dejittering and remultiplexing of up to 96 individual multiprogram Transport Streams (MPTS) encapsulated in UDP (up to 64 services per
MPTS).
•
Support for generation of up to 96 multi-program Transport Streams (MPTS).
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1-5
Introduction to the EQ8096
1.2.2
•
Extraction of incoming PSI tables (PAT, PMT) and automatic PID remapping into
outgoing multiple program Transport Streams.
•
Automatic PAT and PMT generation into outgoing Transport Streams.
•
Option to pass-through unfiltered a single input MPTS with a bit-rate up to
52 Mbps per output TS. This replaces all the SPTS inputs for that output.
•
Support for service filtering, PID remapping when in MPTS mode.
•
Support for multiplexing of up to 4 individual SPTS along with an input MPTS.
•
Supports latest PSIG protocol for SI management.
•
Hot-swap capability of Modulator cards.
•
Control using web browser or SNMP via a separate redundant Ethernet control
interface.
•
Optional DVB-CA conditional access and scrambling.
•
RPC protocol support for Switched Digital Video applications.
•
Full DOCSIS 3.0 M-CMTS data support (including DEPI control plane, DEPI
PSP and DEPI MPT modes).
Data Input
The EQ8096 supports four redundant data input interfaces, eight (4+4) 1000BaseT
Gigabit Ethernet port (fitted as standard) or eight (4+4) SFP Mini-GBIC option slots.
Full Gigabit line rate is supported. These input interfaces are described in detail in
Section 2.5.5, Active Data Port. Each of these interfaces is designed to accept
multiple-MPEG, single program Transport Streams (SPTS) or multi-program
Transport Steams (MPTS) encapsulated as separate UDP data flows. The
interfaces also support DOCSIS 3.0 DEPI encapsulated data. The EQ8096 imposes
the following restrictions on the incoming data:
1-6
•
All encapsulated transport packets must be 188 bytes long.
•
UDP frames can contain from 1 to 7 transport packets.
•
Incoming Transport Streams must be in the range from 1 kbps to 52 Mbps.
•
Up to 4096 user-defined UDP port addresses each with an associated multicast
address can be filtered simultaneously. The Transport Streams carried on these
port addresses are dejittered and are therefore commonly associated with
Transport Streams containing video and/or audio content.
•
The user defines the input multicast address and UDP port number to be used
for each program in the output transport stream.
•
For M-CMTS, the user defines SessionIDs according to the DOCSIS 3.0 DEPI
specification. The format of data must be as per this specification and the
EQ8096 supports DEPI encapsulation within UDP or without UDP.
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Introduction to the EQ8096
1.2.3
•
The RF channel that each TS is multiplexed to is defined in Table 1.3.
•
The EQ8096 can optionally be controlled via an ERM/SDV server using RPC
control protocol.
Transport Stream Processing
The EQ8096 is designed to automatically detect incoming Transport Streams and
remultiplex them into new multi-program Transport Streams.
•
1.2.4
Each service has its PCR recovered and re-stamped after Multiplexing into the
output MPTS (QAM). The subsequent absolute bit rate of the output stream will
be within +/- 30 ppm of the originating stream. The rate of change of bit rate of
each multiplexed service is within the MPEG-2 system specification.
PSI Extraction and Insertion
The unit carries out automatic PSI extraction (PAT and PMTs referenced in the
PAT) from each of the incoming TS flows. While the unit remains locked to the
incoming flow it periodically monitors the incoming transport stream for changes in
the PAT or PMT.
The PIDs extracted from these tables are used to configure the PID filters for each
of the flows. Each PID filter supports the filtering and remapping of up to 16
elementary streams. These are extracted sequentially from the PMT. A single SPTS
will occupy 1 PID filter. For MPTS, single services within occupy 1 PID filter, thus
allowing any MPEG service to convey up to 16 elementary streams. The EQ8096
does not support extraction of tables other than the PAT and PMT.
For each generated multiplexed transport stream, the EQ8096 generates a PAT and
series of PMTs that reflect the make up of the transport stream. Any descriptors
extracted from the incoming flow are transferred to the appropriate PMT.
The user can define the PID ranges to be used for the PMTs, elementary streams
and ECMs.
1.2.5
DOCSIS 3.0 DTI Timestamping
When a channel is being operated as a DEPI data device, the unit will automatically
adjust or insert time stamps based on the current unit running Time stamp. The
optional DTI client card translates DTI time stamps from the DTI server and provides
DTI lock to the EQ8096 unit. This frequency lock is used to stamp or insert
(depending on DEPI PSP or MPT mode) DEPI SYNC packets as they transit
through the box.
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1-7
Introduction to the EQ8096
1.2.6
Modulation and Up-conversion
Each modulator card of the EQ8096 supports the simultaneous generation of up to
12QAM channels via 3 F-type connectors. Each channel shares the same annex,
QAM mode and symbol-rate. Each output connector provides up to four adjacent
QAM channels.
For redundancy, each Modulator assembly supports hot swap. This feature is
detailed in Section 6.5.4, Preventive Maintenance and Fault-finding
1.2.7
Control and Monitoring
The EQ8096 supports a dedicated dual redundant Ethernet control port for the
control and monitoring of the unit. It can be controlled using either the built-in Web
server, which can be accessed via a standard web browser application, or via
SNMP. The Web interface allows the user full control of the unit’s configuration and
can also be used to obtain the current status of the unit.
The SNMP interface has support for alarm generation via SNMP traps. These traps
are configured via the Web interface. All user-controlled parameters are stored in
non-volatile memory and are restored on power up.
1.2.8
DVB-CA
This is an optional feature that can selectively scramble services of one or more
MPEG Transport Streams, controlled by an external third-party DVB-CA (Simulcrypt
compliant) system or using a stand-alone XML configuration file.
Communications to the CA system (EIS, ECMG and EMMG communication) are via
a dedicated dual redundant CA port.
1.3
Output Channel Mappings
1.3.1
Channel Mappings
The EQ8096 supports 96 total QAM channels, spread across a maximum of 8
Output cards. Each Output card supports a maximum of 12-channels.
The EQ8096 can operate in 4 distinct mapping modes, depending on the installation
requirements:
1-8
•
Standard (direct) mapping
•
Distributed (striped) mapping
•
‘6 Card’ mapping
•
Single 1G Input mapping
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Introduction to the EQ8096
1.3.1.1
Standard Mapping
When configured in Standard mapping mode (default), there is a direct relationship
between Input Data ports and Output cards which can be seen in Table 1.3.
Table 1.3 Input/Output mapping for ’Standard’ mode.
Data Port
Output Card Slot
Transport Streams
P1/S1
1, 2
1-24
P2/S2
3, 4
25-48
P3/S3
5, 6
49-72
P4/S4
7, 8
73-96
The Transport Streams are mapped logically as defined in Table 1.4. Channel
designations defined in the tables are as seen from the rear of the unit.
Table 1.4 Channel Allocations for ’Standard’ mode (example Slot 1).
Output
2
1
3
Right-most
connector
Left-most
connector
1.3.1.2
Channel
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
Transport
Stream
TS
1
TS
2
TS
3
TS
4
TS
5
TS
6
TS
7
TS
8
TS
9
TS
10
TS
11
TS
12
Distributed Mapping
Distributed mapping mode can be configured when installed within an RF redundant
network. This is often referred to as ‘QAM Striping’.
The Data port (1-4) is directly mapped to the channel (1-4) on each spigot. Each
data port covers all 8 Output cards therefore and the Transport Stream increments
across RF connectors/spigots (1-24).
Table 1.5 Channel Allocations for ‘Distributed Input’ mode (example Slot 1)
Data Port Spigot Channel
Output Card Slot
Transport Streams
P1/S1
1
1-24
P2/S2
2
25-48
P3/S3
3
49-72
P4/S4
4
73-96
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1-9
Introduction to the EQ8096
Table 1.6 Channel and Transport Stream Allocations for ‘Distributed Input’ mode
(example Slot 1)
Output
1
2
3
Left-most
connector
1.3.1.3
Right-most
connector
Channel
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
Transport
Stream
TS
1
TS
25
TS
49
TS
73
TS
2
TS
26
TS
50
TS
74
TS
3
TS
27
TS
51
TS
75
‘6 Card’ mapping
Operating in ‘6 Card mode’ configures the EQ8096 into data-efficient Input/Output
mapping for use when 4 x Annex A (8 MHz) channels are being used per spigot.
When in this configuration, maximum bandwidth can be achieved using only 6
installed Output cards (72QAMs).
Table 1.7 Channel Allocations for ‘6 card’ mode (example Slot 1)
1.3.1.4
Data Port Spigot Channel
Transport Streams
P1/S1
1, 2
1-18
P2/S2
2, 3
19-36
P3/S3
4, 5
37-54
P4/S4
5, 6
55-72
‘Single 1G Input’ mapping
Operating in ‘Single 1G Input’ mode configures the EQ8096 to spread a single 1G
Input across the first 2 QAMs on each connector, on a total of 6 installed Output
cards (36QAMs).
Note:
You must also enable ‘6 card’ mode to operate in this fashion.
Table 1.8 Channel Allocations for ‘Single 1G Input’’ mode
1.3.2
Data Port Output Card Slot
Transport Streams
P1/S1
1-36
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
UDP Port Mapping
Each QAM channel supports up to 32 services (64 in extended mode), each
supporting up to 16 elementary streams (1 PAT, 1 PMT, 14 ES). Each service
in an output transport stream can have its program number fixed, configurable
or unmodified.
1-10
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
Introduction to the EQ8096
1.4
Guided Tour
1.4.1
Enclosure
The enclosure is 2U and is used as a stand-alone unit. All inputs and outputs are via
rear panel connectors, with the exception of the LCD and button input at the front of
the unit (for setting IP address).
1.4.2
Front Panel Description
The Front panel of the EQ8096 is fitted with a single power supply unit (PSU1) as
standard and may be optionally fitted with a second power supply (PSU2) to provide
1+1 redundancy. When two power supplies are fitted, they operate in load sharing
mode. Both are secured by clips and, if required, may be removed from the front of
the unit. On the left hand side of the panel is a 2-line LCD display which may be
used for local control configuration (see Chapter 2, Installing the Equipment for
details).
1.4.2.1
Front Panel LEDs
There are 7 LED indicators, 3 located on the left of the front panel and 4 located
across both power supplies, when fitted (see Figure 1.2 and Table 1.9).
Table 1.9 Front Panel Indicators
Indicator
Color
Description
Alarm
Red
This LED is lit when an alarm condition has been detected.
Power
Green
This LED is lit when power is being received.
Active
(DTI lock)
Blue
This LED is lit when the DTI client card is locked to the DTI
server (M-CMTS only).
PSU Power
x2
Green
This LED is lit when the power supply is in use
PSU Fault
x2
Amber
This LED is lit when a fault condition is detected in the power
supply
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
1-11
Introduction to the EQ8096
PSU 2
PSU 1
PSU Power (Green)
PSU Fault (Amber)
PSU Power (Green)
PSU Fault (Amber)
LCD
Display
Alarm Power Active
Edit
Save
Up
Left
Down
Right
Figure 1.2 E8096 Front Panel Indicators.
1.4.3
Front Panel Controls
The physical interface for the Front Panel consists of an alphanumeric LCD display,
pushbuttons, and status LEDs that are used to set-up and monitor the unit. The
general layout is shown in Figure 1.2.
User input is via six pushbuttons comprising four cursor pushbuttons: Left, Right,
Up, and Down; and two edit control pushbuttons: Edit and Save.
Each pushbutton has an integral green LED except Save, which has an integral red
LED. The LEDs remain lit until a pushbutton is depressed. Edit will flash when
depressed, until either depressed a second time or Save is depressed. Information
on the use of these controls is given in Chapter 2, Installing the Equipment.
1.4.4
Rear Panel Description
The EQ8096 provides connectors at the rear panel. The rear panel comprises of a
connector panel and eight modulator units each fitted with three RF outputs and
three status indicators. A fully populated modulator unit is shown in Figure 1.3. On
the right side of the unit are two mains input connectors, one for each of the two
PSUs fitted in this unit.
1-12
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Introduction to the EQ8096
1000BaseT
Data Inputs
RS232
Monitor
E8096/HWO/12QAM
RF1-RF3 12 Channels
ASI Out
Conditional
Access Pair
Control
DOCSIS Timing
Interface
Status Indicators for
RF activity
Mains
Connectors
Technical
Earth
Figure 1.3 EQ8096 Rear Panel Component Parts and Connectors
See Chapter 2, Installing the Equipment for details of the rear panel connectors and
indicators.
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1-13
Introduction to the EQ8096
BLANK
1-14
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
2 Installing the Equipment
Chapter 2
Contents
2.1
2.1.1
2.1.2
2.1.3
2.1.3.1
2.1.3.2
2.1.4
2.1.4.1
2.1.4.2
2.2
2.2.1
2.2.2
2.3
2.3.1
2.3.2
2.3.3
2.3.4
2.4
2.4.1
2.4.2
2.4.2.1
2.4.3
2.4.3.1
2.5
2.5.1
2.5.2
2.5.3
2.5.4
2.5.5
2.5.6
2.6
2.6.1
2.6.2
2.6.3
2.6.3.1
2.6.3.2
2.6.3.3
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
Introduction........................................................................................... 2-3
Read This First! .................................................................................... 2-3
General................................................................................................. 2-3
Site Requirements ................................................................................ 2-3
Power Supplies..................................................................................... 2-3
Environment ......................................................................................... 2-3
EMC Compliance Statements .............................................................. 2-3
EN 55022.............................................................................................. 2-3
FCC ...................................................................................................... 2-3
Preliminary Checks............................................................................... 2-4
Mechanical Inspection .......................................................................... 2-4
Moving the Equipment Safely ............................................................... 2-4
Installing the Equipment ....................................................................... 2-4
Fixing Method ....................................................................................... 2-4
Cable Routing....................................................................................... 2-5
Equipment Access................................................................................ 2-5
Ventilation............................................................................................. 2-5
AC Mains Operating Voltage and Earthing........................................... 2-6
AC Power Supply ................................................................................. 2-6
Power Cable and Earthing.................................................................... 2-6
General................................................................................................. 2-6
Technical Earth..................................................................................... 2-7
Connecting the Unit to an AC Power Supply ........................................ 2-9
-48 V DC Power Supply........................................................................ 2-9
DC Power Supply ................................................................................. 2-9
Location of the DC Input Connector ................................................... 2-10
DC Connector Details......................................................................... 2-11
Connection cable color coding ........................................................... 2-11
Connecting the Unit to a DC Power Supply........................................ 2-11
Technical Earth................................................................................... 2-12
Signal Connections............................................................................. 2-12
Introduction......................................................................................... 2-12
Connecting the Unit ............................................................................ 2-13
Active Data Port.................................................................................. 2-13
Introduction......................................................................................... 2-13
SFP Mini-GBIC Modules (Optional).................................................... 2-13
1000BaseT Data Connectors ............................................................. 2-13
2-1
Installing the Equipment
2.6.4
2.6.5
2.6.6
2.6.7
2.6.8
2.6.9
2.7
2.7.1
2.7.2
Control................................................................................................ 2-14
CA Control Port Options..................................................................... 2-14
DOCSIS Timing Interface (DTI).......................................................... 2-14
ASI Monitor port ................................................................................. 2-14
Host Status......................................................................................... 2-14
RF Output Ports ................................................................................. 2-15
Indicators............................................................................................ 2-15
Front Panel......................................................................................... 2-15
Rear Panel ......................................................................................... 2-16
List of Figures
Figure 2.1
Figure 2.2
Figure 2.3
Figure 2.4
Figure 2.5
Air Path through the Enclosure ............................................................ 2-6
Location of the Technical Earth............................................................ 2-8
Connector Block for -48 V DC Input ................................................... 2-10
Connector Block for -48 V DC Input (Without Fuse) .......................... 2-11
EQ8096 Rear Panel Component Parts and Connectors.................... 2-12
List of Tables
Table 2.1
Table 2.2
Table 2.3
Table 2.4
Table 2.5
Table 2.6
Table 2.7
2-2
Supply Cable Wiring Colors ................................................................. 2-7
Non Standard Supply Cord Wire Colors............................................... 2-7
DC Connector Wire Colors................................................................. 2-11
Host Status Connector Pin-outs ......................................................... 2-15
RF Input Connector ............................................................................ 2-15
Front Panel LCD Display.................................................................... 2-16
Modifying the IP or Mask Locally........................................................ 2-16
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
Installing the Equipment
2.1
Introduction
2.1.1
Read This First!
The EQ8096 must be handled carefully and thoughtfully to prevent safety hazards
and damage. Ensure the personnel designated to install the unit have the
appropriate skills and knowledge. If in any doubt, contact Ericsson Customer
Services.
Follow the instructions for installation and only use installation accessories
recommended by the manufacturers.
Note:
2.1.2
Please refer to the User Guide for standard installation procedures.
General
Ericsson personnel normally perform installation of the EQ8096. This chapter
provides configuration and connection information for planning installations,
checking the final set up in the event of a fault, modifying the requirements or
moving the equipment to another location. In the event of problems, contact
Customer Services.
2.1.3
Site Requirements
2.1.3.1
Power Supplies
See Annex B, Technical Specification for a full specification.
2.1.3.2
Environment
See Annex B, Technical Specification for a full specification.
Do not install this product in areas of high humidity or where there is danger of water
ingress.
2.1.4
EMC Compliance Statements 1
2.1.4.1
EN 55022
This equipment is a Class A product. In a domestic environment this product may
cause radio interference in which case the user may be required to take adequate
measures.
2.1.4.2
FCC
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A
digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is
operated in a commercial environment.
1
The EMC information was correct at the time of manufacture. The EMC tests were performed with the Technical earth attached.
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
2-3
Installing the Equipment
This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential
area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case the user will be required to
correct the interference at his own expense.
2.2
2.2.1
Preliminary Checks
Mechanical Inspection
When taking delivery of an EQ8096, check the equipment items delivered against
the enclosed delivery note. Inspect the equipment for damage in transit. If in doubt,
contact Customer Services (see Preliminary Pages).
Note:
2.2.2
Do not remove the covers of this equipment as doing so may invalidate any
warranties, cause a safety hazard and/or affect the EMC performance. It
may also invalidate any safety tests. Check with Customer Services
beforehand.
Moving the Equipment Safely
Do not place this product on an unstable cart, stand, bracket, or
table. The product may fall, causing serious injury and serious
damage to the product. Use only with a cart, stand, bracket or table
recommended by Ericsson.
An appliance and cart combination should be moved with care. Quick stops,
excessive force, and uneven surfaces may cause the appliance and cart
combination to overturn.
Do not move or carry the equipment whilst it is still connected to the supply or other
leads, is live or is in operation.
2.3
Installing the Equipment
2.3.1
Fixing Method
The EQ8096 can be operated mounted in a 19-inch rack. Ensure that it is firmly and
safely located and has an adequate through-flow of air.
Slide the unit onto the chassis supports and affix to the rack by means of an M6 x 18
mm panhead screw in each corner.
Do not use this product as a support for any other equipment.
2-4
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
Installing the Equipment
2.3.2
Cable Routing
Power supply cables should be routed so that they are not likely to be walked on or
pinched by items placed upon or against them. Pay particular attention to cables at
plugs, convenience receptacles, and the point where they exit from the appliance.
Do not run AC power cables in the same duct as signal leads.
2.3.3
Equipment Access
Ensure that the EQ8096 is installed in such a way as to allow access to the rear of
the unit and the connectors.
2.3.4
Ventilation
Warning!
Never push objects of any kind into this equipment through openings as they may
touch dangerous voltage points or short-out parts that could result in a fire or electric
shock. Never spill liquid of any kind on the product.
Cautions!
Openings in the cabinet are provided for ventilation and to ensure reliable operation
of the product and to protect it from overheating, and these openings must not be
blocked or covered. This product should never be placed near or over a radiator or
heat register. This product should not be placed in a built-in installation such as a
rack unless proper ventilation is provided or the instructions have been adhered to.
Do not install equipment so that the air intake of one aligns with the outlet on
another. Provide baffles and adequate spacing.
The fans contained within this unit are not fitted with a dust/insect filter. Pay
particular attention to the environment in which it is to be used.
The unit is designed for stationary or fixed use only. Ensure it is firmly and safely
located and has an adequate through-flow of air. Allow at least 50 mm free air-space
at each side of the equipment. Units can be stacked up to 4 separated by a 1RU
baffle. Racks containing stacked equipment may need to be forced-air cooled to
reduce the operating ambient temperature. For stacking constraints contact
Ericsson Customer Services.
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
2-5
Installing the Equipment
Warmed air is
exhausted via
side vents
Cool air is brought into
the unit via fans located
at the side of the unit
Figure 2.1 Air Path through the Enclosure
2.4
AC Mains Operating Voltage and Earthing
2.4.1
AC Power Supply
Caution!
This product should be operated only from the type of power source indicated on the
marking label. If you are not sure of the type of power supply to your business,
consult a qualified electrical engineer or your local power company.
See Annex B, Technical Specification for a full power supply specification. There are
no links or switches to be altered for operation from different AC supplies.
2.4.2
Power Cable and Earthing
2.4.2.1
General
Check that the AC power cable is suitable for the country in which the unit is to be
used.
2-6
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
Installing the Equipment
Warnings!
If the molded plug fitted to the mains cable supplied with this unit is not required,
please dispose of it safely. Failure to do this may endanger life as live ends may be
exposed if the removed plug is inserted into a mains outlet.
Power supply cords should be routed so that they are not likely to be walked on or
pinched by items placed upon or against them, paying particular attention to cords at
plugs, convenience receptacles, and the point where they exit from the appliance.
The unit is supplied with a detachable mains-supply cable fitted with a molded plug
suitable for the USA, UK or Europe as appropriate.
The wires in the mains-supply cable are colored in accordance with the wire color
code shown in Table 2.1.
Table 2.1 Supply Cable Wiring Colors
UK
(BS 1363)
EUROPE
(CEE 7/7)
USA
(NEMA 5-15P)
Earth:
Green-and-yellow
Green-and-yellow
Green
Neutral:
Blue
Blue
White
Live:
Brown
Brown
Black
If the colors do not correspond with the colored markings identifying the terminals in
a locally supplied plug, proceed as in Table 2.2 (included for reference).
Table 2.2 Non Standard Supply Cord Wire Colors
Wire Color (UK)
2.4.3
Action
green-and-yellow
...must be connected to the terminal in the plug which is marked
with the letter E or the safety earth symbol
or colored green or
green-and-yellow.
blue
...must be connected to the terminal in the plug which is marked
with the letter N or colored black.
brown
...must be connected to the terminal in the plug which is marked
with the letter L or colored red.
Technical Earth
Connect the EQ8096's Technical Earth to a suitable point.
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
2-7
Installing the Equipment
Warnings!
This unit must be correctly earthed through the molded plug supplied; if the local
mains supply does not have an earth conductor do not connect the unit. Contact
Customer Services for advice.
Before connecting the unit to the supply, check the supply requirements in Annex B,
Technical Specification.
The unit has a Technical Earth terminal (marked with
) located adjacent to the
rear-panel mains inputs. Its use is recommended. This is NOT a Protective earth for
electric shock protection. The terminal is provided to:
•
Ensure all equipment chassis fixed within a rack are at the same Technical
Earth potential. To do this, connect a wire between the Technical earth terminal
and a suitable point on the rack.
•
Eliminate the migration of stray charges when connecting between equipment.
Technical Earth –
M3 x 12 mm
Figure 2.2 Location of the Technical Earth
Warning!
If the terminal screw has to be replaced, use the following:
M3 x 12 mm long Pozidrive Panhead.
Using a longer screw may cause a safety hazard.
2-8
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
Installing the Equipment
2.4.3.1
Connecting the Unit to an AC Power Supply
Warnings!
Do not overload wall outlets and extension cords as this can result in a risk of fire or
electric shock.
As no mains switch is fitted to this unit, ensure the local AC power supply is
switched OFF before connecting the supply cord.
The unit is not fitted with an ON/OFF switch. Ensure that the socket outlet is
installed near the equipment so that it is easily accessible. Failure to isolate the
equipment properly may cause a safety hazard.
The EQ8096 can be fitted with dual power supplies each with a separate mains
connector. The equipment load is automatically split between the two power
supplies (if option fitted). If one power supply fails, the full load will be transferred to
the remaining serviceable unit allowing the faulty unit to be replaced without
switching off the equipment. To connect the unit to the local AC power supply:
1. Ensure the local AC supply is switched OFF.
2. Ensure the correct fuse type and rating has been fitted to both the equipment
and the AC power cables.
3. Connect the AC power leads to the EQ8096 mains input connector and then to
the local mains supply.
2.5
-48 V DC Power Supply
2.5.1
DC Power Supply
Note:
Only models EQ8096/BAS/48V, EQ8096/BAS/SFP/48V and
EQ8096/HWO/DPS/48V use a DC power supply.
Cautions!
This product should be operated only from the type of power source indicated on the
marking label. If you are not sure of the type of power supply to your business,
consult a qualified electrical engineer.
This equipment is Class 1 and must have a protective earth.
This product uses a –48 V DC power supply source (see Annex B, Technical
Specification) for a full power supply specification.
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
2-9
Installing the Equipment
This equipment may be fitted with either a connector that has an integral fuse with
wiring terminals (see Figure 2.3) or a dedicated 3-pin connector without a fuse
(see Figure 2.4). For both types of connector, for protection of the DC wiring, a
circuit breaker of maximum 16 A is recommended.
For wiring DC power, a minimum wire size of 1.0 mm2 (17AWG) is recommended.
This may need to be increased for longer cable runs.
2.5.2
Location of the DC Input Connector
The connector is located at the right-hand rear of the equipment.
Warning!
The –48 V DC EQ8096 is not fitted with an ON/OFF switch. Ensure that the supply
has a suitable means of isolation that is easily accessible. Failure to isolate the
equipment properly may cause a safety hazard.
Equipment Side
—
+
Fuse Carrier
Fuse
Connector Block
Connector Block
—48 V
0V
Supply Side
Figure 2.3 Connector Block for -48 V DC Input
In the connector, shown above, the equipment fuse is held in an integral fuse carrier
at the DC power inlet at the rear of the EQ8096. See Annex B, Technical
Specification for DC fuse information.
2-10
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
Installing the Equipment
+
Figure 2.4 Connector Block for -48 V DC Input (Without Fuse)
2.5.3
DC Connector Details
For connection to the –48 V input connector (shown in Figure 2.4) the following
parts from AMP or Molex should be used:
AMP Universal MATE-N-LOK
Housing: AMP no. 1-480700-0
Female terminal (3 needed per housing): AMP no. 926901-1
Molex MLX
Housing: Molex no. 50-84-1030
Female terminal (3 needed per housing): Molex no. 02-08-1002
2.5.4
Connection cable color coding
The DC input cable supplied with the product is color coded in accordance with the
following.
Table 2.3 DC Connector Wire Colors
2.5.5
Earth
Green-and-yellow
–48 V
Blue
0V
Brown
Connecting the Unit to a DC Power Supply
Note:
This equipment is not intended for direct connection to centralized DC
power systems in the USA or Canada.
Connect the EQ8096 to the local DC power supply as follows.
1. Local DC Power Supply - Ensure the local DC supply is isolated.
2. EQ8096 - Ensure circuit protection of a suitable value is fitted to the product
supply wiring.
3. Supply Cord - Connect the DC lead to the EQ8096 input connector and then to
the local DC power supply. Switch on the DC power supply.
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
2-11
Installing the Equipment
2.5.6
Technical Earth
The unit has a Technical earth terminal (marked with ) located at the rear panel
(see Figure 2.5). Its use is recommended. This is NOT a Protective earth for electric
shock protection. The terminal is provided to:
•
Ensure all equipment chassis fixed within a rack are at the same Technical earth
potential. To do this, connect a wire between the Technical earth terminal and a
suitable point on the rack.
•
Eliminate the migration of stray charges when connecting between equipment.
Warning!
If the terminal screw has to be replaced, use the following:
M3 x 12 mm long Pozidrive Panhead.
Using a longer screw may cause a safety hazard.
2.6
Signal Connections
2.6.1
Introduction
All signal connectors are located at the rear panel of the unit. For a detailed
interface specification see Annex B, Technical Specification.
Always use the specified cables supplied for signal integrity and compliance with
EMC requirements (see Annex B, Technical Specification).
1000BaseT
Data Inputs
RS232
Monitor
E8096/HWO/12QAM
RF1-RF3 12 Channels
ASI Out
Conditional
Access Pair
Control
DOCSIS Timing
Interface
Status Indicators for
RF activity
Mains
Connectors
Technical
Earth
Figure 2.5 EQ8096 Rear Panel Component Parts and Connectors
2-12
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
Installing the Equipment
2.6.2
Connecting the Unit
Once the unit has been installed in its intended operating position, it is ready to be
connected to the rest of the system equipment providing it too has been installed.
Do not move or install equipment whilst it is still attached to the mains supply.
Ensure ESD precautions are observed whilst interconnecting equipment.
2.6.3
Active Data Port
2.6.3.1
Introduction
The EQ8096 supports four redundant data input interfaces. As standard, the
EQ8096 offers electrical (RJ-45) copper ports. These are active as 4 independent
pairs (8 physical connections).
The 1000BaseT connections are auto-speed sensing. There are two LED’s carried
by the connector. The green LED indicates the channel status (Link level connection
active) and the amber LED indicates channel activity.
Each data port is assigned its own unique IP address and subnet mask. These are
given factory default values at the point of manufacture. The IP address is
modifiable by the operator (see the User Guide for details).
2.6.3.2
SFP Mini-GBIC Modules (Optional)
Warning!
Class I Led Product when fitted with a fiber optic adapter. Do not look into the
aperture. Looking into the aperture could cause discomfort to your eye.
The EQ8096 supports four pairs of Small Form-factor Pluggable (SFP) Gigabit
Interface Converter (GBIC) slots. These take the form of a cage in the unit into
which an SFP pluggable module (not supplied) can be fitted.
When the SFP GBIC bi directional ports are enabled, the application monitors the
line status and presence of each of the modules. If the primary GBIC port is active
then this is used for data reception. If any of the primary ports are inactive for more
than one second, and the secondary module is active, then the application switches
to using the secondary port. If the application is using the secondary port and the
primary port becomes active for more than five seconds then the application
switches back to using the primary port for data reception.
Note:
2.6.3.3
A port being active is defined as having a valid line connection rather than
receiving valid data.
1000BaseT Data Connectors
The gigabit Ethernet connections are RJ-45 connectors and are auto-speed sensing
between 10, 100 and 1000 Mbps.
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
2-13
Installing the Equipment
There are two LEDs carried by each connector. The green LED indicates the
channel status and the amber LED indicates channel activity.
2.6.4
Control
The EQ8096 supports two redundant Ethernet
10/100BaseT control ports via two
RJ-45 connectors mounted on the rear panel
(see Figure 2.5 for details). The ports are auto-speed
sensing between 10 and 100 Mbps and support both
full and half-duplex modes of operation.
1
8
Channel
Status
Channel
Activity
There are two LEDs carried by each connector. The green LED indicates the
channel status and the amber LED indicates channel activity.
The control ports are assigned their own unique IP address and subnet mask which
are given invalid default values at the point of manufacture. The IP address is
modifiable by the operator (see the User Guide for details). A default gateway
address can also be set for this port.
2.6.5
CA Control Port Options
The EQ8096 supports two redundant Ethernet 10/100BaseT control ports via two
RJ-45 connectors mounted on the rear panel. The redundant CA control connection
Pair operates in the same way as the Control pair outlined above.
2.6.6
DOCSIS Timing Interface (DTI)
The EQ8096 supports two redundant DOCSIS Timing Interface (DTI) ports via two
RJ-45 connectors mounted on the rear panel. The redundant DTI connection pair
operates as the published DOCSIS 3.0 DTI specification.
2.6.7
ASI Monitor port
BNC provides GUI controlled output TS for monitoring purposes. Appropriate output
TS appears at this output when selected within the EQ8096 User Interface.
Note:
2.6.8
Data is pre-encryption.
Host Status
1
The EQ8096 supports an additional serial RS-232 port.
This is primarily intended for use by ERICSSON service
personnel.
5
6
9
This has the pin assignments shown in Table 2.4. See Chapter 3 for further details.
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Installing the Equipment
Table 2.4 Host Status Connector Pin-outs
2.6.9
Pin
Description
Pin 2
RS-232 - RxD
Pin 3
RS-232 - TxD
Pin 5
RS-232- Ground
Pin 7
RTS (Active)
Pins 1,4,6,8,9
Not connected.
RF Output Ports
The EQ8096 supports up to 24 RF output ports using
F-type connectors. Each output port supports up to
4 adjacent RF channels.
The RF output provides a user configurable parameter to control the output.
Table 2.5 RF Input Connector
Input
Specification
Connector type
F-type, Female
Connector designation
RF n
Pin-outs:
Centre
RF Output
Shield
Ground/Chassis
Impedance
75 Ω
Caution!
The F-connector is not intended for continuous connections and disconnections.
Use a sacrificial connector if the EQ8096 is intended to be used in this way.
2.7
Indicators
2.7.1
Front Panel
The front panel carries a power-on LED (Green), an Alarm LED (Red) and an Active
Unit (DTI Lock) LED (Blue) (described in Chapter 4, Alarms). There is also a front
panel LCD screen. The possible displays are detailed in Table 2.5.
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2-15
Installing the Equipment
Table 2.6 Front Panel LCD Display
Screen
Display
Explanation
Initial
Bootloader
Screen
_Running: ppc1.elf
Presented when unit it first powered up.
Displays version of bootloader being run.
Application Load
Screen
Boot FLASH A V1.8
Presented after boot-up, when the main
application is running.
Normal
Operating
Screen
IP 172.017.125.112
Ppc1.elf / niosl.elf
Mask 255.255.000.000
Shows the IP and mask for the main
control Ethernet Port.
The IP or Mask may be modified locally by carrying out the actions detailed in
Table 2.7.
Table 2.7 Modifying the IP or Mask Locally
2.7.2
Step
Action
Result
1.
Press Edit.
Edit button extinguishes momentarily and then
flashes.
2.
Use left and right cursor
buttons to navigate to the
appropriate number.
Number displayed.
3.
Use up and down cursor
buttons to change the
number as required.
Correct number displayed.
4.
Press Save.
Save button extinguishes momentarily and the
IP address is saved.
Rear Panel
The rear panel of each QAM modulator assembly is fitted with an LED which
provides an indication of each QAM connector status. The action of this LED is
described in Chapter 4, Alarms.
In addition to this, each Ethernet connector is fitted with two LEDs. The green LED
indicates the channel status and the amber LED indicates channel activity.
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3 Operating the EQ8096 Using the Web Browser
Chapter 3
Contents
3.1
3.2
3.2.1
3.2.2
3.2.3
3.3
3.3.1
3.3.2
3.3.2.1
3.3.2.2
3.3.2.3
3.3.2.4
3.3.2.5
3.3.2.6
3.3.2.7
3.3.2.8
3.3.2.9
3.3.2.10
3.3.2.11
3.3.2.12
3.3.2.13
3.3.3
3.3.3.1
3.3.3.2
3.3.4
3.3.4.1
3.3.4.2
3.3.4.3
3.4
3.4.1.1
3.4.1.2
3.4.1.3
3.4.2
3.4.3
3.4.3.1
3.4.3.2
3.4.3.3
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Introduction........................................................................................... 3-5
Establishing a Connection .................................................................... 3-5
Assigning a Control IP Address ............................................................ 3-5
Changing the IP Address...................................................................... 3-6
Opening the Web Browser ................................................................... 3-6
Web Page Menus ................................................................................. 3-7
Status ................................................................................................... 3-7
Device Info............................................................................................ 3-7
Main Tabbed Page ............................................................................... 3-7
Setting the Date and Time .................................................................... 3-8
Control Port Settings ............................................................................ 3-9
CA Port Main ...................................................................................... 3-10
Alarms ................................................................................................ 3-11
Trap Destination Table ....................................................................... 3-11
Set SNMP Community Name ............................................................. 3-11
Version Information ............................................................................ 3-11
Event Log ........................................................................................... 3-11
Set Unit Name .................................................................................... 3-12
Set Authentication parameters ........................................................... 3-12
License Key (Optional) ....................................................................... 3-12
Sys Log Server ................................................................................... 3-12
Data Port Settings .............................................................................. 3-12
Data Port 1-4 ...................................................................................... 3-13
Data MAC Statistics............................................................................ 3-13
Modulation Settings ............................................................................ 3-14
Main Tabbed Page ............................................................................. 3-14
Modulator Card 1-8............................................................................. 3-14
RF Outputs ......................................................................................... 3-15
TS Construction Page Options ........................................................... 3-16
PID Range Selection .......................................................................... 3-16
Output Transport Stream ID ............................................................... 3-17
Transport Streams (TSn) .................................................................... 3-17
Input Port to RF Output Card QAM Channel Assignment .................. 3-19
Stream Mode (VoD/SPTS) ................................................................. 3-21
Program Number Mode ...................................................................... 3-22
Modify Program Count........................................................................ 3-22
Selecting Between SDV and Standard Mode ..................................... 3-22
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Operating the EQ8096 Using the Web Browser
3.4.4
3.4.4.1
3.4.4.2
3.4.4.3
3.4.4.4
3.4.4.5
3.4.5
3.4.5.1
3.5
3.5.1
3.5.2
3.5.3
3.6
3.6.1
3.6.1.1
3.6.1.2
3.6.1.3
3.6.1.4
3.6.1.5
3.6.1.6
3.7
Broadcast Mode ................................................................................. 3-23
Modify Program Count ....................................................................... 3-23
Modify Program Configuration............................................................ 3-24
Modify Manual PID Configuration (Filtered mode only)...................... 3-25
Remapping Any PID Within a Replicated Stream (Global SI) ............ 3-26
Modify PSIG Configuration................................................................. 3-28
DEPI/M-CMTS Mode.......................................................................... 3-29
Overview ............................................................................................ 3-29
Conditional Access Tabbed Page ...................................................... 3-29
Overview ............................................................................................ 3-29
CA ECMG Settings............................................................................. 3-30
CA Settings ........................................................................................ 3-31
Engineering Tabbed Page.................................................................. 3-32
Overview ............................................................................................ 3-32
Software Watchdog ............................................................................ 3-32
Debug Event Flags............................................................................. 3-32
SDV controls ...................................................................................... 3-33
Unit Reset .......................................................................................... 3-33
Advanced Parameter Functions ......................................................... 3-33
PSI Debug Functions ......................................................................... 3-34
TS Input Assignments Tabbed Page.................................................. 3-34
List of Figures
Figure 3.1 Status Web Page ................................................................................. 3-7
Figure 3.2 Device Info Tabbed Web Page ............................................................ 3-8
Figure 3.3 Control Port Settings Tabbed Page...................................................... 3-8
Figure 3.4 Set Unit Date / Time Web Page ........................................................... 3-9
Figure 3.5 Global Control Port Settings............................................................... 3-10
Figure 3.6 Individual Control Port Settings .......................................................... 3-10
Figure 3.7 CA Port Main Settings Web Page ...................................................... 3-11
Figure 3.8 Data Port Settings Web Page ............................................................ 3-13
Figure 3.9 Dataport 1 Settings (similar for Dataport 2-4) Web Page................... 3-13
Figure 3.10 Dataport 1 Statistics (similar for Dataport 2-4) Web Page ................. 3-14
Figure 3.11 Modulator Tabbed Web Page ............................................................ 3-14
Figure 3.12 Modulator Card Web Page (Similar for cards 2-8) ............................. 3-15
Figure 3.13 Output Card 1 Web Page (similar for Outputs 2-24 – as shown in
Annex B) ............................................................................................ 3-15
Figure 3.14 Transport Stream Construction Web Page ........................................ 3-16
Figure 3.15 PID Range Selection Web Page ........................................................ 3-17
Figure 3.16 Transport Stream ID Web Page ......................................................... 3-17
Figure 3.17 Transport Stream Component Set up (RPC mode) ........................... 3-18
Figure 3.18 Transport Stream (VoD mode) Component Set up ............................ 3-18
Figure 3.19 Populating a Transport Stream with MAC Sources............................ 3-19
Figure 3.20 Assigning MAC Sources to a Program............................................... 3-20
Figure 3.21 MAC Assignment Overview................................................................ 3-20
Figure 3.22 TS Setup Page ................................................................................... 3-21
Figure 3.23 No MAC Assignments ........................................................................ 3-21
Figure 3.24 Modify Program Count Set up ............................................................ 3-22
Figure 3.25 Transport Stream (Broadcast) Component Set up............................. 3-23
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Figure 3.26 Modify Program Count Page .............................................................. 3-24
Figure 3.27 Modify Program Configuration Page .................................................. 3-24
Figure 3.28 MPTS Manual PID Mappings ............................................................. 3-25
Figure 3.29 SPTS Manual PID Mappings .............................................................. 3-25
Figure 3.30 Setting up of an MPTS on TS1 ........................................................... 3-26
Figure 3.31 PID Remapping to TS1 (MPTS Mode) ............................................... 3-27
Figure 3.32 PID Remapping to TS2 (MPTS Mode) ............................................... 3-27
Figure 3.33 PID Remapping (SPTS Mode) ........................................................... 3-28
Figure 3.34 Modify PSIG Configuration ................................................................. 3-29
Figure 3.35 Conditional Access Tabbed Web Page .............................................. 3-29
Figure 3.36 CA ECMG Settings Web Page ........................................................... 3-30
Figure 3.37 CA Settings Web Page....................................................................... 3-31
Figure 3.38 Engineering Tabbed Web Page ......................................................... 3-32
Figure 3.39 Debug Event Flags Web Page ........................................................... 3-33
Figure 3.40 Advanced Parameter Functions Web Page ....................................... 3-33
Figure 3.41 TS Input Assignments Web Page....................................................... 3-35
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Operating the EQ8096 Using the Web Browser
3.1
Introduction
Standard configuration instructions are given in the User Guide. This chapter gives
further information on the operation of the unit and describes additional functions not
required for everyday operation.
3.2
Establishing a Connection
3.2.1
Assigning a Control IP Address
All EQ8096 units are shipped with an invalid Control Port IP address of 0.0.0.0. This
must be configured to a local valid IP address before the product can be fully
configured. This can be performed using the Front Panel Keypad (see Table 2.6) or
via RS-232:
1. Connect a cable between the Host Status port on the EQ8096
(9-way male D-Type) and a local PC using a straight through RS-232 cable.
2. Using a suitable terminal emulator on the PC, Set up the communication
parameters.
Note:
The serial port communications defaults to 115200 bit/s, 8 bit data, no
parity, 1 stop bit.
3. Power cycle the EQ8096. The terminal emulator will display a boot sequence
that will show the software version and control port IP settings. If the IP address
is still at the factory default of 0.0.0.0 for all 4 ports, then the user will be required
to assign a valid address to any of these.
4. Using the terminal, the user should enter the local IP address allocated to the
unit using the command IPn xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
(e.g. IP3 172.17.124.3) and then press return. ‘n’ is the control port index (1 – 4)
as outlined below:
a
CA Main
b
CA Redundant
c
Control Main
d
Control redundant
e
The IP settings are effective immediately.
Note:
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Since the default Gateway IP address is not set in the unit, the user will only
be able to establish an Ethernet connection from an IP address on the same
Sub-net. See Section 3.2.2 for description of how to set Subnet mask +
gateway address.
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Operating the EQ8096 Using the Web Browser
3.2.2
Changing the IP Address
If the user accidentally sets the local address incorrectly, the EQ8096 may not be
accessible via the browser. The IP address can be changed using the Front Panel
Keypad (see Table 2.6) or using the following procedure:
1. Open a terminal emulation application on the PC.
Note:
The EQ8096 serial port communications defaults to 115200 bit/s, 8 bit data,
no parity, 1 stop bit.
2. Power cycle the EQ8096.
3. The terminal emulator will display a boot sequence that gives the current Control
port settings.
4. Using the terminal, the user should enter the local IP address allocated to the
unit using the command IPn xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
(e.g. IP 172.17.124.3) and then press return.
5. If required, the user may enter the local IP subnet mask allocated to the unit
using the command IPMASKn xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
(e.g. IPMASK 255.255.0.0) and then press return.
6. If required, the user may enter the local IP gateway mask allocated to the unit
using the command IPGATEWAY xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
(e.g. IPGATEWAY 192.168.63.254) and then press return.
7. The new IP settings will become active immediately. ‘n’ is the control port index
(1 – 4) as outlined below:
3.2.3
a
CA Main
b
CA Redundant
c
Control Main
d
Control redundant
Opening the Web Browser
Once the EQ8096 IP address has been activated, the user can open a web browser
application and enter the following URL address: http://assigned IP address
(where assigned IP address is the address set by the user).
This gives access to the web pages described in this chapter.
Note:
3-6
If connecting through a LAN ensure that the option to use proxy server is
switched off.
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3.3
Web Page Menus
3.3.1
Status
This is the start-up web page and shows the current status of the unit. The serial
number, user-defined unit name (if entered) and system up-time are displayed, as
well as any unmasked alarm conditions. Modified font usage within main text,
headings, and tables, to accommodate company re-brand.
Figure 3.1 Status Web Page
3.3.2
Device Info
3.3.2.1
Main Tabbed Page
Figure 3.2 shows the main tabbed web page for the Device Information. This gives
access to further tabbed pages.
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Operating the EQ8096 Using the Web Browser
Figure 3.2 Device Info Tabbed Web Page
Figure 3.3 Control Port Settings Tabbed Page
3.3.2.2
Setting the Date and Time
This web page is found on the Device Info tabbed page.
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Figure 3.4 Set Unit Date / Time Web Page
The EQ8096 hardware uses a real-time clock to provide time and date functionality.
The clock values are retained in non-volatile memory.
A user parameter is provided to allow the clock to be maintained either by the
application software or by using the Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP RFC2030) via the Ethernet Control interface.
There is a parameter for specifying the SNTP Server IP address if the clock is to be
slaved to the server.
The time is entered as a complete set of parameters (as shown in Figure 3.4). The
Time is auto-incremented once entered or it can be overwritten if a time-server is
enabled and connected.
Notes: This page does not automatically refresh itself. If the page is left displayed
the initial values in the time form remain unchanged as time passes, and will
correspond to the page update time stamp in the top right hand corner until
the operator enters new values, or uses the web page refresh button to get
the current values from the unit.
If the next action the operator performs after applying changes is to press
the browser refresh button, the browser action will be to re send the last
URL, which will be a repeat of the time change form and the unit will be set
to this time again.
The unit time and date is only used to time stamp log files and is not
transferred into the generated transport stream.
3.3.2.3
Control Port Settings
To review the Control Port settings, on the Device Info tabbed page, click Control
Port Settings to display the web page shown in Figure 3.5. The Top-Level menu
offers control for the Default Gateway (for control/management) and for specifying
ARP request interval. It also offers the option to inhibit the overwrite of the CA IP
settings after a redundancy switch.
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Operating the EQ8096 Using the Web Browser
Figure 3.5 Global Control Port Settings
Each of the 4 ports can have their IP address and Mask changed. The link status of
the port is also shown in Figure 3.6.
Figure 3.6 Individual Control Port Settings
Caution!
If the Main Control Port IP address is changed, the new address will not take effect
until the unit is power cycled. The Control port will remain on the original IP address
until this action is performed.
3.3.2.4
CA Port Main
To review the CA Port Main settings on the Device info 2 page, click CA Port Main
to display the web pages shown in Figure 3.7.
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Figure 3.7 CA Port Main Settings Web Page
Caution!
If an attempt is made to change the control port IP address the network connection
to that particular port will be lost.
3.3.2.5
Alarms
The EQ8096 software provides functionality for handling, logging and displaying
application alarms. All active alarms are displayed on the start-up Status page (see
Section 3.3.1). Further details are given in Chapter 4.
3.3.2.6
Trap Destination Table
For information on the Trap Destination Table, see Chapter 4.
3.3.2.7
Set SNMP Community Name
This page allows the user to configure SNMP access privileges for up to 5 different
SNMP Communities. Each Community can be allocated an Operator defined name
and either of the following:
3.3.2.8
•
READ WRITE NOTIFY (FULL ACCESS)
•
READ ONLY
•
READ WRITE
Version Information
This page provides software, firmware and hardware version details for the unit.
It also gives the unit serial number and indicates whether DVBCA is enabled or
disabled.
3.3.2.9
Event Log
System events are sent to an event log and are prioritized to permit filtering. Logged
entries are time and date stamped, and stored in a volatile file system. The events
can also be sent to a registered SysLog server (see below).
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Operating the EQ8096 Using the Web Browser
3.3.2.10
Set Unit Name
A 32 bit alphanumeric name for the unit can be set to aid unit identification. This is
displayed on the status page.
3.3.2.11
Set Authentication parameters
When enabled (license Key required), the operator can specify the Username and
Password to enable HTTP access and control of the EQ8096.
3.3.2.12
License Key (Optional)
Can be used to input a License Key generated by Ericsson, based on the unit’s
Unique Serial Number.
The unit is shipped with CA enabled if the option EQ8096/SWO/DVBCA has been
ordered at time of purchase.
The unit is shipped with DTI/M-CMTS functionality enabled if the option
EQ8096/HWO/DTI has been ordered at time of purchase.
The unit can be licensed to fully utilize Output Option cards supporting up to 1GHz
frequencies when the option EQ8096/SWO/12QAM/1GHZ has been ordered. This
option does not require ordering at build time.
The unit can be licensed to operate with Web Browser Authentication. This option
does not require ordering at build time and can be licensed free of charge through
Customer Support.
If any of these options were not originally ordered but are subsequently required, it
is possible to enter a new license key to enable the required functionality, using this
page.
3.3.2.13
Sys Log Server
Error logging and parameter change information specific to a particular user can be
forwarded to a dedicated SysLog server.
3.3.3
Data Port Settings
This provides the facility to set the required Data Port parameters: Port Address and
Subnet mask. It also offers the option to inhibit the overwrite of the Data port IP
settings after a redundancy switch.
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Figure 3.8 Data Port Settings Web Page
3.3.3.1
Data Port 1-4
This provides the facility to set the required Data Port parameters: Port Address and
Subnet mask for both the Primary and redundant Secondary.
Figure 3.9 Dataport 1 Settings (similar for Dataport 2-4) Web Page
Notes: The user configurable parameter that selects the required input is stored so
that the correct configuration is restored on power up.
Redundant Data ports can have the same attributes as the Main in the pair
(MAC address, IP parameters), or separate allocation of IP and mask.
When the unit is ordered with SFP data connectors, SFP modules are not
included as standard.
3.3.3.2
Data MAC Statistics
The page provides packet statistics for the selected MAC. The page provides details
on Current, Minimum, Maximum and Average rates for both Received bits per
seconds and Received Packets per second.
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Operating the EQ8096 Using the Web Browser
Figure 3.10 Dataport 1 Statistics (similar for Dataport 2-4) Web Page
3.3.4
Modulation Settings
3.3.4.1
Main Tabbed Page
This tabbed page gives access to the settings affecting the modulator.
Figure 3.11 Modulator Tabbed Web Page
Note:
3.3.4.2
The modulator parameters that can be set are dependent on the selected
modulation mode.
Modulator Card 1-8
The status of each RF output can be reviewed on these web pages.
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Figure 3.12 Modulator Card Web Page (Similar for cards 2-8)
3.3.4.3
RF Outputs
The settings of each RF output can be reviewed on these web pages.
Figure 3.13 Output Card 1 Web Page (similar for Outputs 2-24 – as shown in
Annex B)
The Output Channel Mode, Centre Frequency and Output Level for each RF Output
port can be set individually.
The Output Channel Mode allows any one of up to four transport streams on the RF
output to be disabled.
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Operating the EQ8096 Using the Web Browser
The contents of the modulated transport streams can be displayed by clicking on the
appropriate link at the foot of the page.
When the output (i.e. Output Channel Mode) is disabled, there is no output from that
connector.
When the RF connector output is enabled, transport streams are mapped to a
specific channel on a particular RF output. These are defined in the tables in
Chapter 1, Section 1.3, Output Channel Mappings.
Notes: There is no support for individually setting the output power of each
individual channel in a group.
The displayed Output power level in dBmV is the power level per QAM
channel.
The centre frequency is the frequency at the centre of Channel 1.
Transport Streams are built up using information under TS Construction.
The output port can be configured to source a sine-wave test signal at the
frequency and output level configured for that output. When in this mode,
RF compliancy to DOCSIS 3.0 DRFI may be compromised.
3.4
TS Construction Page Options
The TS Construction tabbed page provides options for configuring the output
Transport Streams.
Figure 3.14 Transport Stream Construction Web Page
3.4.1.1
PID Range Selection
This provides the user the option to specify the PID remapping mode to be used for
the PMT, ES and ECM (where applicable) for each output TS. Two modes are
available:
•
3-16
Range remapping – a static range from the bases specified is used for
remapping.
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Operating the EQ8096 Using the Web Browser
•
Cyclic remapping – a rotating range from the bases specified is used for
remapping (ensures that service stop/starts use a new set of PIDs).
If no value is entered the default value that appears on the GUI will be used.
Figure 3.15 PID Range Selection Web Page
3.4.1.2
Output Transport Stream ID
Each generated output Transport Stream can be given an identifier. This value is set
using the transport stream ID as required. Values can be set in the range 0 – 65535.
This value appears in the generated output PAT.
If no user value is entered the default value that appears on the GUI will be used.
Figure 3.16 Transport Stream ID Web Page
3.4.1.3
Transport Streams (TSn)
Configure the content of each Transport Stream by entering a multicast address and
UDP port number for each of the input flows to be included in the output TS.
The status of each of the UDP Audio/Video and UDP Data ports is shown for each
flow with its associated bit rate.
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Operating the EQ8096 Using the Web Browser
A summary of the output rate available (defined by the modulation settings), actual
component rate and the amount of free space available (null packets) is also
displayed for information.
Figure 3.17 Transport Stream Component Set up (RPC mode)
Figure 3.18 Transport Stream (VoD mode) Component Set up
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3.4.2
Input Port to RF Output Card QAM Channel Assignment
Any to any mapping enables the unit to map any transport streams on any Input Port
to any RF Output Card QAM channel.
Navigation to different Transport Stream MAC assignment pages is configured using
the TS Input Assignments tabbed page, see Section 3.7.
Figure 3.19 show the MAC assignment page which allows the user to populate a
Transport Stream with different MAC sources. The maximum number of Programs
that can be assigned a MAC input source is 64.
Figure 3.19 Populating a Transport Stream with MAC Sources
Under the actions available page are the options available to the user to edit. The
Remove All Services option clears all the MAC sources associated with particular
TS, in the case above TS5.
Figure 3.20 looks at the MAC assignment for TS1; where each one of the four MACs
has been assigned to a program. Note how the color of each MAC clearly shows
which program is sourced from which MAC. If the Remove Service button is
pressed, Program 7 for TS1 would lose the assignment
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Operating the EQ8096 Using the Web Browser
Figure 3.20 Assigning MAC Sources to a Program
Zooming in on to the MAC Assignment Overview the MAC source and number of
MAC sources per MAC is defined on a per TS basis.
Figure 3.21 MAC Assignment Overview
The TS setup page where Multicast address and UDP Port settings are added show
the number of Programs match the number of MAC assigned. By default this would
be 32 but in Figure 3.22 TS 1 has 7 Programs to reflect the number of MACs
assigned in the MAC assignment page.
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Figure 3.22 TS Setup Page
Figure 3.23 shows no programs for TS 2 this is because no MACs have been
assigned to it.
Figure 3.23 No MAC Assignments
3.4.3
Stream Mode (VoD/SPTS)
Each SPTS input can be individually set to be processed in any of 3 possible
modes:
•
Auto – the EQ8096 will employ the automatic PID remap mode chosen in
Section 3.4.
•
Unfiltered – the EQ8096 will pass-through ALL PIDs on the flow (including PSI),
unmodified. This mode should be used when multiplexing OOB data or SI traffic.
•
Filtered – the EQ8096 will process the stream as normal but no remapping will
be performed. Only PIDs referenced within the stream’s PSI will appear at the
output.
Note:
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When operating in Unfiltered Mode, the user must be aware that ALL PIDs
are passed through to the output, INCLUDING PSI. The user must be aware
of all PID clashes, including PID 0 (PAT) on the output.
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3.4.3.1
Program Number Mode
The program number allocation can be programmed into any of 3 possible modes:
3.4.3.2
•
Fixed – the EQ8096 will change the output Program number to be the same as
the Program Index as shown on the GUI (1-32 or 1-n when in extended mode).
•
Pass Thru – the EQ8096 will simply pass the input Program number through to
the Output Transport Stream.
•
User-defined – the operator can specify the Program number for each service
in the Output Transport Stream.
Modify Program Count
By default, each of the 96 Output Transport Streams supports the inclusion of up to
32 services. For denser Transport Streams, it is possible to allocate up to 64
services by entering the Modify Program Count page.
Figure 3.24 Modify Program Count Set up
3.4.3.3
Selecting Between SDV and Standard Mode
The EQ8096 can be used in 2 environments; standard (manual/SNMP) control or
using an SDV Server/ERM with the RPC protocol. This can be selected under the
Engineering Tabbed Page (Section 3.5). The unit must be rebooted after this
selection is made. The TS Construction Tabbed Page will appear more informative
and does not permit user entry of parameters.
Notes: The software supports up to 64 programs/SPTSs per Transport Stream
When content is encrypted using the Conditional Access enabled license
option, content appearing at the ASI monitor output is NOT encrypted
(i.e. content is in the ‘Clear’)
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Operating the EQ8096 Using the Web Browser
3.4.4
Broadcast Mode
For each transport stream output it is possible to select a single MPTS input flow to
appear at the output. The maximum bit rate of the input MPTS is 51.25 Mbps.
When the QAM Channel is to be used for processing a single MPTS then ‘Unfiltered
Single MPTS Input’ should be enabled. The appropriate mode should then be
chosen (Unfiltered or Filtered).
Figure 3.25 Transport Stream (Broadcast) Component Set up
3.4.4.1
Modify Program Count
By default, each of the 96 Output Transport Streams supports the inclusion of up to
32 services. For denser Transport Streams, it is possible to allocate up to 64
services by entering the Modify Program Count page.
When in Broadcast/MPTS mode, selecting Extended mode increases the maximum
number of supported services to 64. When not operating in Extended mode, the
maximum number of supported services is 32.
Notes: The maximum number of MPTSs that can be configured in Extended mode
is 64.
When configuring an MPTS into Extended mode, 32 services are
automatically used from the pool of 4096.
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Operating the EQ8096 Using the Web Browser
Figure 3.26 Modify Program Count Page
3.4.4.2
Modify Program Configuration
Services within an Input MPTS can be filtered in order to include or exclude from the
Output Transport Stream. PSI will be generated accordingly by the EQ8096. The
page lists the services referenced in the input PSI. To populate all services, use the
‘Populate with PAT Services’ button. Programs can be added manually using the
matrix or by entering within the ‘Program Number Ranges’ field.
Any programs which are found within the Input MPTS will appear as green.
Figure 3.27 Modify Program Configuration Page
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Operating the EQ8096 Using the Web Browser
3.4.4.3
Modify Manual PID Configuration (Filtered mode only)
PIDs can be explicitly filtered or remapped for the MPTS and the 4 additional
SPTSs.
PIDs that are not referenced within the Input MPTS PSI can be passed through (and
remapped if desired) by adding the PID value to the Input PID field. The desired PID
value applied to the Output Transport Stream should be added to the Output PID
field.
Figure 3.28 MPTS Manual PID Mappings
The 4 SPTS also allow explicit PID filtering and remapping. The source field is used
to specify which of the 4 SPTS the particular map corresponds to (2 to 5, 1 being the
MPTS).
Figure 3.29 SPTS Manual PID Mappings
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Operating the EQ8096 Using the Web Browser
When an input stream (either the MPTS or any of the 4 SPTS) contains a PAT
which is mapped on a Ghost PID (non-zero) then this PID can be specified under
‘Ghost PAT Input PID Mapping’.
The source stream can be specified (1 to 5).
Note:
3.4.4.4
The Output PID value can be the same as the Input PID value – the PID will
be passed through. Using an Output PID value of 0x1FFF (8191) will result
in the PID being DROPPED from the Output PID value of zero (0) is default
and has no effect.
Remapping Any PID Within a Replicated Stream (Global SI)
Global SI is the ability to remap any PID within a replicated stream. It is available in
both broadcast (MPTS) and VoD (SPTS). The configuration of the device for two
separate use-cases are described below.
Note:
3.4.4.4.1
In both MPTS and SPTS Modes, the user is expected to be aware of what
PIDs are available for remapping.
MPTS
In MPTS mode any of 4 SPTSs can be used for Global SI with the ability to remap
up to 16 possible PIDs.
Figure 3.30 Setting up of an MPTS on TS1
Figure 3.30 shows the setting up of an MPTS on TS1 under TS Construction tab.
SPTS 5 contains the PIDs to be remapped and the Stream mode is set to filtered.
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Figure 3.31 PID Remapping to TS1 (MPTS Mode)
On the left of Figure 3.31 is the part of the Stream Xpert GUI which shows the
remapped PIDs. Two of the PIDs contained in SPTS 5 are 266 and 257 these have
been successfully mapped onto TS1 as PID 63 and 67.
Figure 3.32 PID Remapping to TS2 (MPTS Mode)
Figure 3.32 is a repeat of Figure 3.31, but for TS2 instead of TS1. Two different
PIDs are now being remapped onto the Transport Stream.
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Operating the EQ8096 Using the Web Browser
3.4.4.4.2
SPTS
For SPTS, the last service slot shall always allow the user to remap up to 14 PIDs.
For standard mode this will be program 32 and for extended mode this will be
program 48 or 64. Any PID which is not referenced shall be discarded for that
Transport Stream.
Figure 3.33 PID Remapping (SPTS Mode)
In SPTS mode the Stream Mode must be set to Filtered. In Figure 3.33 PID 287 has
been remapped to PID 5000.
3.4.4.5
Modify PSIG Configuration
PAT and PMT tables can be blocked, passed through or generated to cater for any
customer specific remultiplexing requirements. Any PID remaps are reflected in the
generated PSI but this can be disabled for advanced situations.
‘Ghost PAT PID’ is the input PID value containing the ‘Ghost PAT’. This will be
remapped to zero (0). The source of this Ghost PAT can be either the MPTS (1) or
any of the 4 SPTS (2-5).
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Operating the EQ8096 Using the Web Browser
Figure 3.34 Modify PSIG Configuration
3.4.5
DEPI/M-CMTS Mode
3.4.5.1
Overview
When the EQ8096/HWO/DTI and EQ8096/SWO/DTI are installed and licensed, the
unit can then support DOCSIS 3.0 DEPI traffic over its Input interfaces.
The unit will automatically switch between DEPI MPT and DEPI PSP mode. The
unit also allows any DEPI data flow to co-exist with VoD, Broadcast or SDV
configured TS.
Note:
Please refer to Chapter 10 for setup within an M-CMTS installation.
3.5
Conditional Access Tabbed Page
3.5.1
Overview
The Conditional Access tabbed page allows the Conditional Access settings to be
accessed. The following sections describe those pages appropriate to the operation
of the unit.
Figure 3.35 Conditional Access Tabbed Web Page
This web page provides access to two further pages for the configuration of CA
parameters: CA ECMG Settings and CA Settings.
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Operating the EQ8096 Using the Web Browser
3.5.2
CA ECMG Settings
Figure 3.36 CA ECMG Settings Web Page
Selecting CA ECMG Settings enables the settings for up to 8 ECMG connections to
be defined:
•
3-30
Preferred Device – Three options are available via the drop-down menu:
-
None – selects the first available ECMG.
-
Main – selects the Main ECMG as the preferred device.
-
Redundant – selects the Redundant ECMG as the preferred device.
•
SuperCAS ID – supplied by the ECMG vendor.
•
IP Address – address for the main ECMG.
•
Redundant IP Address – address for a redundant ECMG connection.
•
Port – the port number on which the ECMG will connect.
•
Channel ID – a channel identifier number.
•
Status – Provides information regarding connection status of the ECMG, i.e.
whether the main or redundant is working or whether there is no connection.
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Operating the EQ8096 Using the Web Browser
3.5.3
CA Settings
Figure 3.37 CA Settings Web Page
Selecting CA Settings enables settings to be defined for:
•
Connection Test Interval – keep alive traffic test interval between EQ8096 and
OpenCAS server or EIS.
•
Connection Timeout – the wait time before an OpenCAS alarm is raised.
•
Open CAS Port
•
Crypto Period Duration – proposed key change interval.
•
Preferred ECMG Poll Period – same as above between ECMG and EQ8096.
•
CA XML File Download – enables/disables CA configuration file download on
the EQ8096. Default is enabled.
•
EMMG TCP Port – allows TCP port number to be defined for EMMG. If this is
defined, EMMG UDP port is not defined.
•
EMMG UDP Port – allows UDP port number to be defined for EMMG. If this is
defined, EMMG TCP port is not defined.
•
PDG UDP Port – port number for connection via Private Data Group.
•
Nagle Algorithm – enables/disables Nagle Algorithm for combining smaller
status messages into one larger message.
This tab also allows for the extraction of the CA Status File from the EQ8096.
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Operating the EQ8096 Using the Web Browser
3.6
Engineering Tabbed Page
3.6.1
Overview
The Engineering tabbed page allows various non-operational information to be
accessed. The following sections describe those pages appropriate to the operation
of the unit.
Figure 3.38 Engineering Tabbed Web Page
3.6.1.1
Software Watchdog
The EQ8096 provides watchdog functionality that permits a full hardware reset on a
timeout. The watchdog is enabled and controlled by the EQ8096 software.
It is possible to override the watchdog software control by disabling it in the
Software Watchdog Reset . The Watchdog alarm is masked on the same page.
3.6.1.2
Debug Event Flags
This page provides settings to obtain diagnostic information on internal unexpected
conditions.
These flags are used by Ericsson personnel for investigating abnormal system
circumstances.
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Operating the EQ8096 Using the Web Browser
Figure 3.39 Debug Event Flags Web Page
3.6.1.3
SDV controls
The EQ8096 permits the unit to be used within a Switched Digital Video
environment, using RPC system protocol.
3.6.1.4
Unit Reset
When the EQ8096 unit is reset, the last saved parameters are used to define the
power up state.
3.6.1.5
Advanced Parameter Functions
Figure 3.40 Advanced Parameter Functions Web Page
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Operating the EQ8096 Using the Web Browser
3.6.1.6
•
This page provides a means to apply a redundancy switch, causing all unit
outputs to be set to their inactive state.
•
Default parameters can also be restored (excluding the Serial Number and
Control IP address parameters) and the connection will be maintained.
•
This page also allows the configuration parameters to be read, the output being
a hex file.
•
Selecting Flash FP LED will cause the unit front panel green LED to flash a few
times.
•
XPO Config allows the user to retrieve the XPO configuration file.
•
License key entry is primarily for factory use only, to enable licensed features
such as DVBCA.
•
Standard Input Ports auto populates the TS pages with a fixed paradigm UDP
port assignment. The IP address/Multicast address used is the same as that
defined for the relevant Data Port.
•
Data port primary reset forces the data ports back to their primary connection,
after a redundancy switch.
PSI Debug Functions
The PSI Debug Function is provided for engineering debug of the unit in unexpected
circumstances.
3.7
TS Input Assignments Tabbed Page
The TS Input Assignments tabbed page enables navigation to different Transport
Stream MAC assignment pages, as well as showing the number of enabled TS and
MAC source for each Output Card. By default Output Cards 1 and 2 are sourced by
MAC1, and Output Cards 3 and 4 via MAC2 etc.
Transport Stream MAC assignment is configured using the TS Construction page,
see Section 3.4.
Any-to-any mapping enables the unit to map any Transport Streams on any Input
Port to any RF Output Card QAM channel.
Note:
3-34
The user is expected to keep a record of what MAC input source
corresponds to which Program within a Transport Stream.
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Operating the EQ8096 Using the Web Browser
Figure 3.41 TS Input Assignments Web Page
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Operating the EQ8096 Using the Web Browser
BLANK
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4 Alarms
Chapter 4
Contents
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.4.1
4.4.2
4.4.3
4.4.4
4.4.5
4.4.6
4.5
4.6
4.6.1
4.6.2
4.6.3
4.7
Introduction........................................................................................... 4-3
View Active Alarm Table....................................................................... 4-4
Configure Active Alarms ....................................................................... 4-4
Specific Alarms ..................................................................................... 4-5
Serial Number Alarm ............................................................................ 4-5
Data Connection Alarms....................................................................... 4-5
Modulator Alarms ................................................................................. 4-5
Transport Streams Alarms.................................................................... 4-6
Temperature Alarms ............................................................................. 4-7
PSU Alarms .......................................................................................... 4-8
Trap Destination Table ......................................................................... 4-8
Status Indicators................................................................................... 4-9
Location of the Status Indicators .......................................................... 4-9
Indication States ................................................................................... 4-9
Ethernet Status Indicator .................................................................... 4-10
Unit Alarm List .................................................................................... 4-10
List of Figures
Figure 4.1 Status Web Page.................................................................................. 4-3
Figure 4.2 Alarms Web Page................................................................................. 4-4
Figure 4.3 Active Alarm List Web Page ................................................................. 4-4
Figure 4.4 Serial Number Alarm Web Page .......................................................... 4-5
Figure 4.5 Modulator Card Alarms Web Page ....................................................... 4-6
Figure 4.6 Transport Streams Alarms Web Page .................................................. 4-6
Figure 4.7 Temperature Alarms Web Page ........................................................... 4-7
Figure 4.8 PSU Alarms Web Page ........................................................................ 4-8
Figure 4.9 Trap Destination Table Web Page ....................................................... 4-9
Figure 4.10 Position of the Status Indicators ........................................................... 4-9
List of Tables
Table 4.1
Table 4.2
Table 4.3
Table 4.4
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Alarm Source Identification................................................................... 4-3
Alarm Identification ............................................................................... 4-3
Alarm Severity Levels ........................................................................... 4-4
Items on the Data Connection Alarms Web Page ................................ 4-5
4-1
Alarms
Table 4.5 Status LED States .............................................................................. 4-10
Table 4.6 Unit Alarm List .................................................................................... 4-10
4-2
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Alarms
4.1
Introduction
This chapter describes the alarm aspects of the EQ8096, the functionality of the
Status indicator located at the rear panel (see Section 4.6) and the use of the SNMP
Traps (see Section 4.4.6). The EQ8096 supports the reporting of status and alarms
via SNMPv1/2 and HTTP protocols.
Note:
The unit provides the user with a RED LED on the front panel to indicate an
alarm condition. This is lit when the global summary alarm is active.
Each alarm is configurable by all supported control interfaces in terms of:
•
Masked / unmasked
•
Alarm trigger (i.e. packet count, temperature threshold etc)
When an alarm is generated, the alarm module within the EQ8096 identifies both
the alarm and its source. This information is displayed on the Status web page
(which is the start-up page) and shows the current status of the unit. Specific
information for each device is accessed under Alarms on the Device Info tabbed
page (see Section 4.4).
Figure 4.1 Status Web Page
Table 4.1 to Table 4.3 describe the various fields on the web page.
Table 4.1 Alarm Source Identification
Parameter
Description
Slot (Position)
Identifies the alarm source position in the system. This is typically
implemented by the slot number, but can be a pointer to any type
location in the unit.
Port
Identifies a specific source within a position.
Table 4.2 Alarm Identification
Parameter
Description
Alarm ID
Unique number within the EQ8096 (see Section 4.5).
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4-3
Alarms
4.2
View Active Alarm Table
The EQ8096 software provides functionality for handling, logging and displaying
application alarms.
Figure 4.2 Alarms Web Page
The alarm handling includes user-controlled masking (see Section 4.3).
4.3
Configure Active Alarms
The EQ8096 software provides the facility to mask any internal alarm.
Figure 4.3 Active Alarm List Web Page
There are four levels of severity. These are described in Table 4.3.
Table 4.3 Alarm Severity Levels
Severity
Color
Description
Action
Healthy
-
No problems, normal
operational condition.
No action.
Warning
Yellow
Problem detected, device still
working but may require
attention.
Action may be required to diagnose and
rectify the fault before it affects the service.
Minor
Light Orange
Problem detected, device may
still be working but will require
attention.
Action is required to diagnose and rectify the
fault before it affects the service.
Major
Dark Orange
Device probably not working.
Urgent corrective action is required. This may
occur when there has been a serious
degradation of the output.
Critical
Red
Indicates a failure of equipment
affecting the service.
Immediate corrective action is required. This
may arise when a condition occurs which
stops the unit producing a valid output.
4-4
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Alarms
4.4
Specific Alarms
4.4.1
Serial Number Alarm
The serial number is unique and set at manufacture. It corresponds with the number
printed on the side of the unit to assist in unit identification. It is also used to
configure the MAC addresses of the Ethernet ports.
The alarm indicates that the serial number of the unit has not been set or has been
reset to 0. In this case the MAC addresses will not be unique (other units with no
serial number set will have the same MAC addresses).
The serial number is factory-set.
Figure 4.4 Serial Number Alarm Web Page
4.4.2
Data Connection Alarms
An alarm is raised if there is no physical data connection.
Table 4.4 describes the items carried on the Data Connection Alarms web page.
Table 4.4 Items on the Data Connection Alarms Web Page
4.4.3
Parameter
Description
Data Connection
Provides an indication of the line status of the selected data port. A
loss of line activity generates a Data connection alarm
Modulator Alarms
This page allows modulator alarms to be masked/unmasked and also allows the
level of alarm severity to be selected.
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4-5
Alarms
Figure 4.5 Modulator Card Alarms Web Page
4.4.4
Transport Streams Alarms
This page allows the Transport Stream Over-rate alarm to be masked.
Figure 4.6 Transport Streams Alarms Web Page
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Alarms
The threshold value is determined by the global modulator settings, as this defines
the overall bit rate for each of the generated transport streams. An alarm is raised if
the total bit rate of all incoming UDP flows associated with a particular channel
exceeds this threshold level.
The status for each incoming transport stream can be seen under the TS
Construction Page. The status parameter will be in one of the following states:
4.4.5
•
Not locked: Indicating that the UDP port is not receiving any data.
•
Locked: Indicating that the UDP port is receiving data and the card is locked
onto a valid transport stream with a valid set of PAT and PMT(s).
•
No PSI: Indicating that the UDP port is receiving data and the card is locked
onto a valid transport stream without a valid set of PAT and PMT(s).
Temperature Alarms
The EQ8096 is forced-air cooled. The unit supports fan failure detection for any of
the 4 fans (card and PSU). It also provides internal temperature monitoring which is
configured to generate over-temperature alarms if a given threshold level is
exceeded. There is a separate temperature monitor on the main data input card and
each Modulator assembly.
Figure 4.7 Temperature Alarms Web Page
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4-7
Alarms
Caution!
Increasing the threshold from this factory default setting may prevent the unit
generating an alarm during a fan failure or air-conditioning failure event.
4.4.6
PSU Alarms
The EQ8096 utilizes up to 2 Hot-swappable PSUs and supports PSU failure
detection for each PSU fitted.
When dual-redundant PSUs are fitted (option EQ8096/HWO/DPS), the power
supplies operate in a load-shared scheme. In the rare event of a PSU failure, the
remaining PSU will provide power to the unit. In this situation, an alarm will be raised
and the PSU unit should be replaced as soon as possible.
When the unit is operating with a single PSU, the Alarm status page will show this
as ‘not fitted’ as shown in Figure 4.8.
Figure 4.8 PSU Alarms Web Page
4.5
Trap Destination Table
Figure 4.9 shows the Trap (alarm) Destination web page. The Simple Network
Management Protocol (SNMP) Trap addresses are set here. Once the addresses of
the SNMP servers are entered, any alarms will be broadcast to all destinations. The
EQ8096 maintains a list of the last 20 reported alarms (traps) and makes it available
to the SNMP management system.
4-8
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Alarms
Figure 4.9 Trap Destination Table Web Page
A reference number is allocated to a new alarm to identify it to the management
system. This reference number is associated with any changes to the alarm status
until it is cleared.
4.6
Status Indicators
4.6.1
Location of the Status Indicators
The status indicators are mounted at the rear panel (see Figure 4.10). There are
three status indicators per modulator unit. Each indicator relates to the adjacent RF
connector.
Status Indicators
Figure 4.10 Position of the Status Indicators
4.6.2
Indication States
The EQ8096 switches off the Status Indicator as soon as it boots. It remains off until
an alarm severity level is established then the LED is turned on accordingly as
shown in Table 4.5.
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4-9
Alarms
Table 4.5 Status LED States
Condition
LED State
ON - RF Enabled on at least one QAMs/Connector, system
clocks locked
Steady Green
FLASH - Critical alarm (SW), system clocks NOT locked.
Flashing Green
NO RF (disabled on all channels within connector)
OFF
Note:
4.6.3
Critical Alarm.
Ethernet Status Indicator
There are two LEDs carried by each data connector. The left-most LED indicates
the channel activity and the right-most LED indicates channel status (Link level
connection active). The status LED will glow orange for 1000BaseT and green for
100BaseT.
4.7
Unit Alarm List
Table 4.6 Unit Alarm List
4-10
Name
Source
Slot
Alarm Id
Data 1 Connection
Input Card
1
00001001
Data 2 Connection
Input Card
1
00001002
Data 3 Connection
Input Card
1
00001003
Data 4 Connection
Input Card
1
00001004
Serial Number
Input Card
1
00001009
Software Watchdog
Input Card
1
00001010
Card 1
Output Card 1
2
00001028
Card 2
Output Card 2
3
00001029
Card 3
Output Card 3
4
00001030
Card 4
Output Card 4
5
00001031
Card 5
Output Card 5
6
00001032
Card 6
Output Card 6
7
00001033
Card 7
Output Card 7
8
00001034
Card 8
Output Card 8
9
00001035
Open CAS Connection
Input Card
1
00001244
PSU 1
Input Card
1
00001249
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Alarms
Name
Source
Slot
Alarm Id
PSU 2
Input Card
1
00001250
DTI Lock
Input Card
1
00001251
PSIG Connection
Input Card
1
00001348
Lion Over-rate 1
Input Card
1
00001349
Lion Over-rate 2
Input Card
1
00001350
MAC CRC 1 Fail Rate
Input Card
1
00001005
MAC CRC 2 Fail Rate
Input Card
1
00001006
MAC CRC 3 Fail Rate
Input Card
1
00001007
MAC CRC 4 Fail Rate
Input Card
1
00001008
TS 1 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001036
TS 2 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001037
TS 3 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001038
TS 4 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001039
TS 5 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001040
TS 6 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001041
TS 7 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001042
TS 8 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001043
TS 9 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001044
TS 10 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001045
TS 11 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001046
TS 12 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001047
TS 13 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001048
TS 14 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001049
TS 15 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001050
TS 16 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001051
TS 17 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001052
TS 18 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001053
TS 19 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001054
TS 20 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001055
TS 21 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001056
TS 22 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001057
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4-11
Alarms
4-12
Name
Source
Slot
Alarm Id
TS 23 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001058
TS 24 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001059
TS 25 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001060
TS 26 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001061
TS 27 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001062
TS 28 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001063
TS 29 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001064
TS 30 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001065
TS 31 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001066
TS 32 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001067
TS 33 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001068
TS 34 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001069
TS 35 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001070
TS 36 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001071
TS 37 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001072
TS 38 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001073
TS 39 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001074
TS 40 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001075
TS 41 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001076
TS 42 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001077
TS 43 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001078
TS 44 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001079
TS 45 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001080
TS 46 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001081
TS 47 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001082
TS 48 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001083
TS 49 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001084
TS 50 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001085
TS 51 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001086
TS 52 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001087
TS 53 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001088
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
Alarms
Name
Source
Slot
Alarm Id
TS 54 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001089
TS 55 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001090
TS 56 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001091
TS 57 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001092
TS 58 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001093
TS 59 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001094
TS 60 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001095
TS 61 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001096
TS 62 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001097
TS 63 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001098
TS 64 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001099
TS 65 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001100
TS 66 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001101
TS 67 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001102
TS 68 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001103
TS 69 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001104
TS 70 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001105
TS 71 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001106
TS 72 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001107
TS 73 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001108
TS 74 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001109
TS 75 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001110
TS 76 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001111
TS 77 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001112
TS 78 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001113
TS 79 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001114
TS 80 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001115
TS 81 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001116
TS 82 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001117
TS 83 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001118
TS 84 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001119
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
4-13
Alarms
4-14
Name
Source
Slot
Alarm Id
TS 85 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001120
TS 86 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001121
TS 87 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001122
TS 88 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001123
TS 89 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001124
TS 90 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001125
TS 91 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001126
TS 92 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001127
TS 93 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001128
TS 94 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001129
TS 95 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001130
TS 96 Over-rate
Input Card
1
00001131
TS 1 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001132
TS 2 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001133
TS 3 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001134
TS 4 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001135
TS 5 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001136
TS 6 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001137
TS 7 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001138
TS 8 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001139
TS 9 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001140
TS 10 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001141
TS 11 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001142
TS 12 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001143
TS 13 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001144
TS 14 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001145
TS 15 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001146
TS 16 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001147
TS 17 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001148
TS 18 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001149
TS 19 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001150
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
Alarms
Name
Source
Slot
Alarm Id
TS 20 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001151
TS 21 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001152
TS 22 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001153
TS 23 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001154
TS 24 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001155
TS 25 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001156
TS 26 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001157
TS 27 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001158
TS 28 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001159
TS 29 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001160
TS 30 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001161
TS 31 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001162
TS 32 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001163
TS 33 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001164
TS 34 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001165
TS 35 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001166
TS 36 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001167
TS 37 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001168
TS 38 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001169
TS 39 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001170
TS 40 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001171
TS 41 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001172
TS 42 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001173
TS 43 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001174
TS 44 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001175
TS 45 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001176
TS 46 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001177
TS 47 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001178
TS 48 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001179
TS 49 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001180
TS 50 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001181
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
4-15
Alarms
4-16
Name
Source
Slot
Alarm Id
TS 51 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001182
TS 52 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001183
TS 53 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001184
TS 54 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001185
TS 55 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001186
TS 56 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001187
TS 57 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001188
TS 58 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001189
TS 59 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001190
TS 60 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001191
TS 61 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001192
TS 62 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001193
TS 63 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001194
TS 64 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001195
TS 65 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001196
TS 66 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001197
TS 67 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001198
TS 68 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001199
TS 69 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001200
TS 70 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001201
TS 71 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001202
TS 72 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001203
TS 73 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001204
TS 74 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001205
TS 75 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001206
TS 76 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001207
TS 77 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001208
TS 78 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001209
TS 79 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001210
TS 80 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001211
TS 81 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001212
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
Alarms
Name
Source
Slot
Alarm Id
TS 82 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001213
TS 83 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001214
TS 84 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001215
TS 85 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001216
TS 86 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001217
TS 87 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001218
TS 88 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001219
TS 89 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001220
TS 90 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001221
TS 91 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001222
TS 92 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001223
TS 93 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001224
TS 94 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001225
TS 95 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001226
TS 96 Program Number Conflict
Input Card
1
00001227
ECMG 1 Connection
Input Card
1
00001228
ECMG 2 Connection
Input Card
1
00001229
ECMG 3 Connection
Input Card
1
00001230
ECMG 4 Connection
Input Card
1
00001231
ECMG 5 Connection
Input Card
1
00001232
ECMG 6 Connection
Input Card
1
00001233
ECMG 7 Connection
Input Card
1
00001234
ECMG 8 Connection
Input Card
1
00001235
Fan 1
Input Card
1
00001245
Fan 2
Input Card
1
00001246
Fan 3
Input Card
1
00001247
Fan 4
Input Card
1
00001248
TS 1 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001252
TS 2 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001253
TS 3 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001254
TS 4 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001255
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
4-17
Alarms
4-18
Name
Source
Slot
Alarm Id
TS 5 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001256
TS 6 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001257
TS 7 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001258
TS 8 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001259
TS 9 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001260
TS 10 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001261
TS 11 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001262
TS 12 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001263
TS 13 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001264
TS 14 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001265
TS 15 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001266
TS 16 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001267
TS 17 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001268
TS 18 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001269
TS 19 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001270
TS 20 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001271
TS 21 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001272
TS 22 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001273
TS 23 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001274
TS 24 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001275
TS 25 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001276
TS 26 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001277
TS 27 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001278
TS 28 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001279
TS 29 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001280
TS 30 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001281
TS 31 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001282
TS 32 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001283
TS 33 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001284
TS 34 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001285
TS 35 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001286
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
Alarms
Name
Source
Slot
Alarm Id
TS 36 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001287
TS 37 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001288
TS 38 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001289
TS 39 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001290
TS 40 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001291
TS 41 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001292
TS 42 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001293
TS 43 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001294
TS 44 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001295
TS 45 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001296
TS 46 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001297
TS 47 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001298
TS 48 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001299
TS 49 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001300
TS 50 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001301
TS 51 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001302
TS 52 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001303
TS 53 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001304
TS 54 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001305
TS 55 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001306
TS 56 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001307
TS 57 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001308
TS 58 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001309
TS 59 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001310
TS 60 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001311
TS 61 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001312
TS 62 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001313
TS 63 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001314
TS 64 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001315
TS 65 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001316
TS 66 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001317
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
4-19
Alarms
4-20
Name
Source
Slot
Alarm Id
TS 67 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001318
TS 68 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001319
TS 69 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001320
TS 70 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001321
TS 71 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001322
TS 72 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001323
TS 73 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001324
TS 74 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001325
TS 75 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001326
TS 76 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001327
TS 77 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001328
TS 78 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001329
TS 79 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001330
TS 80 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001331
TS 81 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001332
TS 82 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001333
TS 83 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001334
TS 84 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001335
TS 85 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001336
TS 86 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001337
TS 87 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001338
TS 88 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001339
TS 89 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001340
TS 90 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001341
TS 91 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001342
TS 92 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001343
TS 93 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001344
TS 94 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001345
TS 95 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001346
TS 96 MPTS Fail
Input Card
1
00001347
Host Temperature
Input Card
1
00001011
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
Alarms
Name
Source
Slot
Alarm Id
Card 1 FPGA Temperature
Output Card 1
2
00001012
Card 2 FPGA Temperature
Output Card 2
3
00001013
Card 3 FPGA Temperature
Output Card 3
4
00001014
Card 4 FPGA Temperature
Output Card 4
5
00001015
Card 5 FPGA Temperature
Output Card 5
6
00001016
Card 6 FPGA Temperature
Output Card 6
7
00001017
Card 7 FPGA Temperature
Output Card 7
8
00001018
Card 8 FPGA Temperature
Output Card 8
9
00001019
Card 1 UC Temperature
Output Card 1
2
00001020
Card 2 UC Temperature
Output Card 2
3
00001021
Card 3 UC Temperature
Output Card 3
4
00001022
Card 4 UC Temperature
Output Card 4
5
00001023
Card 5 UC Temperature
Output Card 5
6
00001024
Card 6 UC Temperature
Output Card 6
7
00001025
Card 7 UC Temperature
Output Card 7
8
00001026
Card 8 UC Temperature
Output Card 8
9
00001027
ECMG 1 Other Connected
Input Card
1
00001236
ECMG 2 Other Connected
Input Card
1
00001237
ECMG 3 Other Connected
Input Card
1
00001238
ECMG 4 Other Connected
Input Card
1
00001239
ECMG 5 Other Connected
Input Card
1
00001240
ECMG 6 Other Connected
Input Card
1
00001241
ECMG 7 Other Connected
Input Card
1
00001242
ECMG 8 Other Connected
Input Card
1
00001243
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
4-21
Alarms
BLANK
4-22
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
5
Configuration of Conditional Access
Using XML File Download
Chapter 5
Contents
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.3.1
5.3.2
5.3.2.1
5.3.2.2
5.3.2.3
5.3.2.4
5.4
5.4.1
5.4.2
5.4.3
5.4.4
5.4.5
5.4.6
5.4.7
5.4.8
5.4.9
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
Introduction........................................................................................... 5-3
FTP File Transfer.................................................................................. 5-3
XML Files.............................................................................................. 5-3
XML File Format ................................................................................... 5-4
Status File Examples ............................................................................ 5-4
No ECMG Configured........................................................................... 5-4
Status When ECMG is Configured via Web pages .............................. 5-5
EMM Service ........................................................................................ 5-7
Multiple EMM Streams and Connections ............................................. 5-8
Configuration Using XML file via FTP................................................... 5-9
EMM Connections ................................................................................ 5-9
Changing EMM Stream Bandwidth .................................................... 5-10
Deleting an EMM Stream ................................................................... 5-11
Multiple EMM Streams ....................................................................... 5-12
Defining Scrambling Control Groups .................................................. 5-12
Changing Access Criteria ................................................................... 5-14
Stopping Encryption ........................................................................... 5-14
Simulcrypt........................................................................................... 5-15
Configuring XML File for Scrambling All TS ....................................... 5-16
Errors during FTP ............................................................................... 5-17
File Format When a Channel is Encrypted ......................................... 5-17
Storing Configuration File ................................................................... 5-19
Redundancy Switch............................................................................ 5-20
5-1
Configuration of Conditional Access Using XML File Download
BLANK
5-2
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
Configuration of Conditional Access Using XML File Download
5.1
Introduction
This chapter provides details of how to configure the unit for service/component
scrambling (static conditional access event definition) when an external EIS ‘Event
Information System’ is not available.
5.2
FTP File Transfer
It is possible to retrieve the current configuration from the unit and to enter a new
configuration into the unit by FTP to transfer XML files.
The configuration and status files described in Section 5.3 and 5.4 are transferred to
and from the unit using FTP.
To connect to the unit the username and password shall be as follows (case
sensitive):
Username: engineer
Password:
Note:
5.3
96QAM
The unit will only accept one FTP session, so if there is no request for a
username and password a session is already open that needs to be closed.
XML Files
When connected to the unit by FTP there are two files that can be retrieved using
the ‘get’ command:
•
caconfig - this contains all the parameters which can be set by the XML
interface.
•
castatus - this contains all the parameters that are in caconfig plus some
additional information pertaining to the configuration that has been set using the
web interface. These additional parameters cannot be modified using the XML
interface.
This file can also be viewed on the web browser by selecting CA Status File from
the CA Settings page under the Conditional Access tab.
Note:
Early versions of Internet Explorer may not allow the XML file to be viewed
correctly.
The configuration file caconfig can be edited as required to modify existing settings
or to include new settings. The new CA configuration can be loaded into the unit
using the FTP ‘put’ command:
•
put caconfig - this action will not reset the current configuration, but will add to
or modify the relevant settings.
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
5-3
Configuration of Conditional Access Using XML File Download
Note:
5.3.1
Parameters that are configurable using the web browser GUI cannot be
modified using the XML file.
XML File Format
All the XML files follow this format:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<simulcrypt_config>
<ecmg>
</ecmg>
<emmg>
</emmg>
</simulcrypt_config>
The ECMG information is located in between <ecmg> and </ecmg>, the EMMG
information in between <emmg> and </emmg>.
Every ‘field’ (in between <identifier> and </identifier>) has a format.
When this is a number, it can be entered as either decimal or hexadecimal
(preceded by 0x).
The spacing is not important within the file, but every ‘field’ opened must be closed.
Any unknown field is ignored, so it is important to ensure that the spelling of field
names is correct.
New lines are ignored, so the file format can be on a single line (may be useful for
large configuration files.
<simulcrypt_config><ecmg></ecmg><emmg></emmg></simulcrypt_conf
ig>
Note:
The FTP configuration is not automatically stored within the unit and will be
cleared each time the unit is reset or power cycled.
See Section 5.7 for details on storing the configuration file.
5.3.2
Status File Examples
The castatus file shows the parameters that have been set using the GUI on the
web interface.
5.3.2.1
No ECMG Configured
In the following castatus file no ECMG is configured and only ‘CA ECM PID ranges’
for the first and second output are configured.
5-4
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
Configuration of Conditional Access Using XML File Download
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<simulcrypt_status>
<ecmg>
<timeout>10</timeout>
<min_cp_duration>600</min_cp_duration>
<test_interval>17</test_interval>
<ECM_PID_output0min>0x1D00</ECM_PID_output0min>
<ECM_PID_output0max>0x1E00</ECM_PID_output0max>
<ECM_PID_output1min>0x1C00</ECM_PID_output1min>
<ECM_PID_output1max>0x1D00</ECM_PID_output1max>
</ecmg>
<emmg>
<emm_tcp_port>2000</emm_tcp_port>
<emm_udp_port>2100</emm_udp_port>
<pd_udp_port>2200</pd_udp_port>
</emmg>
</simulcrypt_status>
5.3.2.2
Status When ECMG is Configured via Web pages
For each ECMG that is configured the following block will appear in castatus (in this
case the ECMG is not connected):
<ecmg_connection>
<supercasid>0x1234567</supercasid>
<main_ip>192.168.3.181</main_ip>
<redundant_ip>0.0.0.0</redundant_ip>
<curecmg>MAIN</curecmg>
<port>11111</port>
<state>C_CLOSED</state>
<protocol_version>2</protocol_version>
<ecm_channel_id>0x1264</ecm_channel_id>
</ecmg_connection>
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
5-5
Configuration of Conditional Access Using XML File Download
If the unit tries to establish a connection but has not yet been successful the
following additional parameters will be included:
<state>C_OPENING</state>
<protocol_version>2</protocol_version>
<ecm_channel_id>0x1264</ecm_channel_id>
<section_tspkt_flag>0</section_tspkt_flag>
<ecm_rep_period_ms>0</ecm_rep_period_ms>
<max_streams>0</max_streams>
<max_comp_time_ms>0</max_comp_time_ms>
If the ECMG connection is successfully established, the resulting file will include
actual values:
<state>C_OPEN</state>
<protocol_version>2</protocol_version>
<ecm_channel_id>0x1264</ecm_channel_id>
<section_tspkt_flag>0</section_tspkt_flag>
<ecm_rep_period_ms>100</ecm_rep_period_ms>
<max_streams>50</max_streams>
<max_comp_time_ms>2000</max_comp_time_ms>
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5.3.2.3
EMM Service
If an EMM service has been initialized, but no server is connected, the following
information will be contained within the <emmg></emmg> field:
<emm_connection>
<client_id>0x1230000</client_id>
<channel_id>0x1</channel_id>
<emm_stream>
<emm_stream_id>0x1</emm_stream_id>
<pid>0x700</pid>
<output_mask>0x1</output_mask>
<bandwidth>500</bandwidth>
<data_type>0</data_type>
<data_id>0x0</data_id>
<npkts_max>0</npkts_max>
<nb_per_tick>0</nb_per_tick>
</emm_stream>
</emm_connection>
•
data_id is transmitted inside the EMM packets coming from the EMMG.
•
npkts_max is the maximum number of packets which can be buffered inside
the unit.
•
nb_per_tick is the number of EMM packets to send at each millisecond.
Once a server is connected the following additional information becomes available:
<data_id>0x1</data_id>
<npkts_max>5053</npkts_max>
<nb_per_tick>13</nb_per_tick>
<socket>18</socket>
<version>2</version>
<last_rxtime>1122</last_rxtime>
<section_tspkt_flag>0</section_tspkt_flag>
<client_ipaddr>172.17.223.124</client_ipaddr>
<client_port>1483</client_port>
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5.3.2.4
Multiple EMM Streams and Connections
It is possible to have multiple <emm_stream> per <emm_connection> and
multiple <emm_connection> per <emmg>, as shown in the following example:
<emmg>
<emm_tcp_port>2000</emm_tcp_port>
<emm_udp_port>2100</emm_udp_port>
<pd_udp_port>2200</pd_udp_port>
<emm_connection>
<client_id>0x1230000</client_id>
<channel_id>0x1</channel_id>
<emm_stream>
<emm_stream_id>0x1</emm_stream_id>
……
</emm_stream>
</emm_connection>
<emm_connection>
<client_id>0x1200000</client_id>
<channel_id>0x4</channel_id>
<emm_stream>
<emm_stream_id>0x2</emm_stream_id>
……
</emm_stream>
<emm_stream>
<emm_stream_id>0x3</emm_stream_id>
……
</emm_stream>
</emm_connection>
</emmg>
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5.4
Configuration Using XML file via FTP
When the caconfig XML file has been edited to include new parameters it can be
loaded into the unit by connecting via ftp and using put caconfig.
The parameters used in the XML file are derived from the OPENCAS interface:
SCTE Proposed Standard Head-end Implementation of OpenCAS(TM) SCTE
DVS/278, Revised July 31st 2000.
5.4.1
EMM Connections
For the EMM connections, the only parameters that can be set by putting the file
caconfig using FTP are:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<simulcrypt_config>
<ecmg>
</ecmg>
<emmg>
<emm_connection>
<client_id>0x1230000</client_id>
<channel_id>0x1</channel_id>
<emm_stream>
<emm_stream_id>0x1</emm_stream_id>
<pid>0x700</pid>
<output_mask>0x1</output_mask>
<bandwidth>500</bandwidth>
<data_type>0</data_type>
</emm_stream>
</emm_connection>
</emmg>
</simulcrypt_config>
•
client_id is usually taken as the SupercasID of the ECMG/EMMG provider.
•
channel_id must be different for each emm_connection.
•
emm_stream_id must be different for each emm_stream.
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•
pid is the PID used to put the EMM data onto the output.
•
output_mask is a bit mask to define which outputs will contain the EMM data (all
on the same PID). The maximum is 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF, which will
enable EMMs on all 96 outputs. (Example: to enable EMMs on outputs 1,5 and 9 set
the mask to 0x00000111,and so on). Outputs that are not active (i.e. no programs)
should not be included.
•
bandwidth is expressed in kbps.
data_type shall be 0 for EMM and 1 for Private Data.
Note:
5.4.2
The client_id and channel_id must be the same as the one configured in
the EMMG for the unit to accept the connection.
Changing EMM Stream Bandwidth
To change just the bandwidth of an existing emm_stream, the same parameters all
need to be sent, but with an output_mask of zero and the new bandwidth setting
included:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<simulcrypt_config>
<ecmg>
</ecmg>
<emmg>
<emm_connection>
<client_id>0x1230000</client_id>
<channel_id>0x1</channel_id>
<emm_stream>
<emm_stream_id>0x1</emm_stream_id>
<pid>0x700</pid>
<output_mask>0</output_mask>
<bandwidth>900</bandwidth>
<data_type>0</data_type>
</emm_stream>
</emm_connection>
</emmg>
</simulcrypt_config>
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5.4.3
Deleting an EMM Stream
To delete an EMM stream, the parameters need to be sent as before, with an
output_mask of zero, but the bandwidth parameter should not be included:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<simulcrypt_config>
<ecmg>
</ecmg>
<emmg>
<emm_connection>
<client_id>0x1230000</client_id>
<channel_id>0x1</channel_id>
<emm_stream>
<emm_stream_id>0x1</emm_stream_id>
<pid>0x700</pid>
<output_mask>0</output_mask>
<data_type>0</data_type>
</emm_stream>
</emm_connection>
</emmg>
</simulcrypt_config>
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5.4.4
Multiple EMM Streams
More than one EMM stream can be defined in one EMM connection:
<emm_connection>
<client_id>0x1200000</client_id>
<channel_id>0x4</channel_id>
<emm_stream>
<emm_stream_id>0x2</emm_stream_id>
<pid>0x710</pid>
<output_mask>0x1</output_mask>
<bandwidth>100</bandwidth>
<data_type>0</data_type>
</emm_stream>
<emm_stream>
<emm_stream_id>0x3</emm_stream_id>
<pid>0x711</pid>
<output_mask>0x1</output_mask>
<bandwidth>100</bandwidth>
<data_type>0</data_type>
</emm_stream>
</emm_connection>
5.4.5
Defining Scrambling Control Groups
It is also possible to define Scrambling Control Groups using caconfig. To do this a
group <scg>…</sgc> must be added into <ecmg>…</ecmg>:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<simulcrypt_config>
<ecmg>
<scg>
<scg_id>0x100</scg_id>
<transport_stream_id>102</transport_stream_id>
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<cp_duration_ds>600</cp_duration_ds>
<program_number>10</program_number>
<key_no>41</key_no>
<ecm_group>
<ecm_id>0x100</ecm_id>
<super_cas_id>0xD000000</super_cas_id>
<access_criteria>1111112222223333334444446666</access_criteria>
</ecm_group>
</scg>
</ecmg>
<emmg>
</emmg>
</simulcrypt_config>
•
The scg_id shall be different for each SCG. The usual value for this is
(output_index<<8) + program_index, making each unique.
•
The transport_stream_id and program_number are set in the unit
configuration.
Note:
The transport_stream_id in this case is actually the transport stream
index which starts at 0 (i.e. output 1 = transport_stream_id 0, output 2 =
transport_stream_id 1 and so on).
•
The cp_duration_ds is the minimum duration of the crypto period in
decisecond (1/10 of a second). This shall be higher than the value set on the
web browser for crypto period duration and shall also be higher than the value
that the ECMG may declare as its minimum crypto period duration at the time of
connection (the parameter nominal_cp_duration that is present in the
channel_setup message of OPENCAS).
•
The key_no has to be different for each SCG and be below 512.
•
The ecm_group shall contain the relevant super_cas_id and access_criteria
(max 1 kbyte),
•
The ecm_id shall have the following construction:
•
(output_index << 8) + (64 * simul_stream) + program_index.
•
simul_stream is kept as 0 as long as simulcrypting is not used (same program
number encrypted by multiple ECMGs / multiple SuperCasID)
•
Its lower byte, i.e. (64 * simul_stream + program_index) will be the offset
added to the ECM_PID_output<output_index>min and has to be lower than
ECM_PID_output<output_index>max.
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5.4.6
Changing Access Criteria
To change the access_criteria, the same file is used with the
<access_criteria> field changed as required:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<simulcrypt_config>
<ecmg>
<scg>
<scg_id>0x100</scg_id>
<transport_stream_id>102</transport_stream_id>
<cp_duration_ds>600</cp_duration_ds>
<program_number>10</program_number>
<key_no>41</key_no>
<ecm_group>
<ecm_id>0x100</ecm_id>
<super_cas_id>0xD000000</super_cas_id>
<access_criteria>1111112222223331334444446666</access_criteria>
</ecm_group>
</scg>
</ecmg>
<emmg>
</emmg>
</simulcrypt_config>
5.4.7
Stopping Encryption
If the <cp_duration_ds> is not given in the XML file, then the XML parser will
interpret that as a request to STOP the encryption with this key. In this case there is
no need to add any <ecm_group> information.
To stop the previous encryption, the following format should be used:
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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<simulcrypt_config>
<ecmg>
<scg>
<scg_id>0x100</scg_id>
<transport_stream_id>102</transport_stream_id>
<program_number>10</program_number>
<key_no>41</key_no>
</scg>
</ecmg>
<emmg>
</emmg>
</simulcrypt_config>
5.4.8
Simulcrypt
When Simulcrypt is being used (multiple ECM streams containing the same Control
Word), there will be multiple <ecm_group> definitions:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<simulcrypt_config>
<ecmg>
<scg>
<scg_id>0x0</scg_id>
<transport_stream_id>101</transport_stream_id>
<cp_duration_ds>600</cp_duration_ds>
<program_number>10</program_number>
<key_no>128</key_no>
<ecm_group>
<ecm_id>0x0</ecm_id>
<super_cas_id>0x0000001</super_cas_id>
<access_criteria>00000011</access_criteria>
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</ecm_group>
<ecm_group>
<ecm_id>0x40</ecm_id>
<super_cas_id>0x00000002</super_cas_id>
<access_criteria>00000022</access_criteria>
</ecm_group>
<ecm_group>
<ecm_id>0x80</ecm_id>
<super_cas_id>0x1000000</super_cas_id>
<access_criteria>1111112222223333334444446666</access_criteria>
</ecm_group>
</scg>
</ecmg>
<emmg>
</emmg>
</simulcrypt_config>
The total size of the access_criteria must be lower than 4 Kbytes.
5.4.9
Configuring XML File for Scrambling All TS
When the EQ8096 needs to be configured to scramble all TS, a value of -1 needs to
be utilized for <transport_stream_id>. If all program numbers within that TS
need to be scrambled then a value of -1 also needs to be utilized for
<program_number>. A sample XML code is shown below.
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<simulcrypt_config>
<ecmg>
<scg>
<scg_id>0x100</scg_id>
<transport_stream_id>-1</transport_stream_id>
<cp_duration_ds>100</cp_duration_ds>
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<program_number>-1</program_number>
<key_no>1</key_no>
<ecm_group>
<ecm_id>0x1</ecm_id>
<super_cas_id>0x18610000</super_cas_id>
<access_criteria>0001</access_criteria>
</ecm_group>
</scg>
</ecmg>
<emmg>
</emmg>
</simulcrypt_config>
5.5
Errors during FTP
If an error occurs while loading the configuration file by ‘putting’ the XML file with
FTP, nothing is reported to the initiator of FTP.
get caconfig to determine what parameters have been accepted
get castatus to see the overall unit status.
A log file can be generated which may help establish what the error is by using the
unit serial interface. From the command prompt type am then type sym_log ctl 8.
This should be active and running at the time the file transfer is taking place.
5.6
File Format When a Channel is Encrypted
When a channel is encypted, a small structure modification happens:
<ecm_group>...</ecm_group> moves into a <key>...</key> block.
Resulting file using GET CACONFIG:
<scg>
<scg_id>0x100</scg_id>
<transport_stream_id>102</transport_stream_id>
<cp_duration_ds>600</cp_duration_ds>
<program_number>-1</program_number>
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<key_no>41</key_no>
<ecm_group>
<ecm_id>0x100</ecm_id>
<super_cas_id>0x1000000</super_cas_id>
<access_criteria>1111112222223333334444446666</access_criteria>
</ecm_group>
</scg>
Note:
The program_number is given as -1 because no service is present on this
service number and so no PMT is generated. It is not the value that had
been entered via the caconfig file (which was 10).
Resulting file using GET CASTATUS:
<scg>
<scg_id>0x100</scg_id>
<transport_stream_id>102</transport_stream_id>
<cp_duration_ds>600</cp_duration_ds>
<program_number>-1</program_number>
<key_no>41</key_no>
<key>
<refcnt>1</refcnt>
<cp_waiting>0</cp_waiting>
<cp_nominal_ds>600</cp_nominal_ds>
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<ecm_group>
<ecm_id>0x100</ecm_id>
<super_cas_id>0x1000000</super_cas_id>
<access_criteria>1111112222223333334444446666</access_criteria>
<stream_state>
<state>S_OPEN</state>
<ecm_pid>0x1C00</ecm_pid>
<output_mask>0x2</output_mask>
</stream_state>
</ecm_group>
</key>
</scg>
5.7
•
refcount will be bigger than 1 when doing simulcrypt.
•
cp_waiting may be set to 1 when (one of) the ECMG stop answering requests
of ECM to corresponding CW.
•
cp_nominal_ds will be either the value set in CACONFIG or the minimum
value of one of the ECMG participating to this encryption, it is the real CW
duration.
•
stream_state describes the ECM being sent, on which PID and on which
output index (0x0001 for first output...).
Storing Configuration File
When a configuration file is loaded into the unit as described in Section 5.3 the
configuration is not automatically stored. In this case when the unit is reset or power
cycled the configuration will be lost and the file will need to be re-loaded. This is
convenient for initial configuration testing, when errors may easily be introduced in
the XML file.
Once the required caconfig file is correctly generated the file can be stored in the
unit by connecting to the unit via ftp and using the following command
ftp>put caconfig casetup
It is possible to review the stored configuration using the unit serial interface. From
the command prompt type am then type sym_casetup.
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5.8
Redundancy Switch
To perform a redundancy switch the configuration of the main unit should be
retrieved using the FTP get caconfig command.
Loading this retrieved file into the backup unit using the FTP put caconfig
command will then configure it identically to the main unit.
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6 Preventive Maintenance and Fault-finding
Chapter 6
Contents
6.1
6.2
6.2.1
6.2.2
6.2.3
6.2.3.1
6.2.3.2
6.2.3.3
6.2.4
6.2.4.1
6.3
6.4
6.4.1
6.4.2
6.4.3
6.4.4
6.5
6.5.1
6.5.2
6.5.3
6.5.4
6.5.5
6.5.6
6.6
Introduction........................................................................................... 6-3
Preventive Maintenance ....................................................................... 6-3
Routine Inspection - Cooling Fans ....................................................... 6-3
Cleaning ............................................................................................... 6-3
Servicing............................................................................................... 6-3
Damage Requiring Service................................................................... 6-3
Replacement Parts ............................................................................... 6-4
Checks on Completion of Servicing...................................................... 6-4
Warranty ............................................................................................... 6-4
Levels of Continuing Ericsson Service Support.................................... 6-4
Alarms .................................................................................................. 6-4
Fault-finding.......................................................................................... 6-5
Fault-finding Philosophy ....................................................................... 6-5
Preliminary Checks............................................................................... 6-5
User Accessible Fuse Replacement..................................................... 6-6
Lithium Battery...................................................................................... 6-7
Power Supply Problems ....................................................................... 6-7
Symptoms............................................................................................. 6-7
Power LED Unlit ................................................................................... 6-7
Fan(s) Not Working/Overheating.......................................................... 6-8
Hot Swapping a PSU (when Dual PSU option fitted)............................ 6-8
Modulator Card Failure......................................................................... 6-9
Hot Swapping a Modulator Card .......................................................... 6-9
Disposing of This Equipment .............................................................. 6-10
List of Figures
Figure 6.1 Orientation of Fuse Carrier ................................................................... 6-6
List of Tables
Table 6.1 Power LED Unlit Fault-finding .............................................................. 6-7
Table 6.2 Fans Not Working/Overheating ............................................................ 6-8
Table 6.3 Modulator Card Fault-finding ................................................................ 6-9
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BLANK
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6.1
Introduction
This chapter provides the schedules and instructions, where applicable, for routine
inspection, cleaning and maintenance of the equipment which should be performed
by an operator. There are also some basic fault-finding procedures to follow in the
event of a suspected EQ8096 failure.
6.2
Preventive Maintenance
6.2.1
Routine Inspection - Cooling Fans
The fans on the EQ8096 should be on continuously.
Note:
6.2.2
Failure to ensure a free flow of air around the unit may cause overheating.
See Section 6.5.3, Fan(s) Not Working/Overheating for further information.
Cleaning
Caution!
Do not use liquid cleaners or aerosol cleaners.
Unplug the EQ8096 from the wall outlet before cleaning the exterior with a damp
cloth.
Note:
Only the exterior of the case should be cleaned.
6.2.3
Servicing
6.2.3.1
Damage Requiring Service
Warning!
Removing the covers of this equipment may invalidate any warranties, cause a
safety hazard or/and affect the EMC performance.
Unplug the equipment from the wall outlet and refer servicing to qualified service
personnel under the following conditions:
•
When the power supply cord or plug is damaged.
•
If liquid has been spilled, or objects have fallen into the product.
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Preventive Maintenance and Fault-finding
6.2.3.2
•
If the product has been exposed to rain or water.
•
If the product does not operate normally by following the operating instructions.
•
If the product has been dropped or the case has been damaged.
•
When the product exhibits a distinct change in performance.
Replacement Parts
When replacement parts are required, be sure the service technician has used parts
specified by the manufacturer or which have the same characteristics as the original
part. Unauthorized substitutions may result in fire, electric shock or other hazards.
6.2.3.3
Checks on Completion of Servicing
Upon completion of any service or repairs to this product, ask the service technician
to perform safety checks to determine that the product is in a safe operating
condition. Also, performance and EMC checks may be required.
Ericsson is a leader in the design, integration and implementation of digital
broadcasting products and systems. It has a large team dedicated to keeping our
customers on-air 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
With regional offices worldwide, and ultra-modern specialist service facilities in the
US, UK, and Asia, Ericsson covers the world. There is a customer service centre
open round the clock, every day of the year.
Years of design and support experience enable it to offer a range of service options
that will meet your needs at a price that makes sense.
6.2.4
Warranty
All Ericsson products and systems are designed and built to the highest standards
and are covered under a comprehensive 12 month warranty.
6.2.4.1
Levels of Continuing Ericsson Service Support
For standalone equipment, then Ericsson BASIC Essential support is the value for
money choice for you. BASIC provides you with year-by-year Service long after the
warranty has expired.
Call Ericsson Sales for more details..
6.3
Alarms
Refer to Chapter 4 for information regarding alarms.
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6.4
Fault-finding
6.4.1
Fault-finding Philosophy
It is the objective of this chapter to provide sufficient information to enable the
operator to rectify apparent faults or else to identify the suspect module, where
possible. Some basic procedures are provided to follow in the event of a suspected
EQ8096 failure. It is assumed that fault-finding has already been performed at a
system level and that other equipment units have been eliminated as the possible
cause of the failure (see relevant System Manual).
Warning!
Removing the covers of this equipment may invalidate any warranties, cause a
safety hazard or/and affect the EMC performance.
Caution!
Do not remove the covers of this equipment. Unauthorised maintenance or the use
of non-approved replacements may affect the equipment specification and invalidate
any warranties.
This Reference Guide does not include any maintenance information or procedures
that would require the removal of covers.
If the following information fails to clear the abnormal condition, call a Service
Engineer or contact Customer Services using the information given in the
preliminary pages of this Reference Guide.
6.4.2
Preliminary Checks
Always investigate the failure symptoms fully, prior to taking remedial action. Fault
diagnosis for the equipment operator is limited to the following tasks, since the
operator should NOT remove the covers of the equipment:
1. Check the front panel Power LED (green). If this is not lit, refer to Table 6.1.
2. Confirm that the equipment hardware configuration is suitable for the purpose
and has been correctly installed and connected (see Chapter 2, Installing the
Equipment).
3. Confirm that inappropriate operator action is not causing the problem, and that
the equipment software set up is capable of performing the task being asked of
it. If the validity of the configuration, set up or operation is in doubt, check it (see
Chapter 3, Operating the EQ8096 Using the Web Browser).
4. Check that the fans are unobstructed and working correctly.
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Preventive Maintenance and Fault-finding
When the failure condition has been fully investigated, and the symptoms are
known, proceed with fault-finding according to the observed symptoms. If the fault
persists, and cannot be rectified using the instructions given in this Reference
Guide, contact Customer Services. Switch off the equipment if it becomes unusable,
or to protect it from further damage.
6.4.3
User Accessible Fuse Replacement
Fuses are held in integral fuse carriers at the AC power inlets at the rear panel.
Note:
Refer to Annex B, Section B.3, Power Supply for more information about the
fuse.
To replace the AC power fuse(s):
Warning!
Before replacing the rear panel fuses, disconnect the unit from the supply. Failure to
do this may expose hazardous voltages. Unplug the unit from the local supply
socket.
1. Ensure that power is turned off and the power cable is disconnected from the
AC power inlet(s).
2. Ease out the fuse carrier by placing a small, flat-bladed screwdriver in the notch
at the top of the carrier.
Caution!
When replacing the power input fuses, always ensure that a fuse of the correct type
and rating is fitted. Failure to do so results in inadequate protection.
3. Replace the fuse in the carrier.
4. Insert the fuse carrier back in the AC power inlet.
AC Power
Inlet
If required, use a small flatbladed screwdriver in the
notch at the top of the
carrier to ease it out
Fuse Carrier
Figure 6.1 Orientation of Fuse Carrier
If the replacement fuse also blows, do not continue. Disconnect the equipment and
contact Customer Services for advice.
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6.4.4
Lithium Battery
The lithium battery fitted within this product is not user replaceable and as such
should only be replaced by qualified service personnel.
6.5
Power Supply Problems
6.5.1
Symptoms
Warning!
Do not attempt to service the Power Supply Unit as opening or removing covers
may expose dangerous voltages or other hazards. Refer all servicing to service
personnel who have been authorised by Ericsson.
Use the following techniques to fault-find the EQ8096 according to the observed
symptom(s) when a power supply failure is suspected.
6.5.2
Power LED Unlit
If the EQ8096 Power LED is unlit, fault-find the problem as detailed in Table 6.1.
Table 6.1 Power LED Unlit Fault-finding
Step
Action
If Result of Action is
Yes…
If Result of Action is
No…
1
Check Power LED. Is the
EQ8096 still working?
If the EQ8096 is clearly
working normally then
the Power LED itself is
probably at fault. Call a
Service Engineer.
Proceed to next step.
2
Check Power Source.
Connect a known-working
piece of equipment to the
power source outlet. Does
it work?
The problem lies within
the EQ8096 or power
cable. Proceed to next
step.
The problem lies with the
power source. Check
building circuit breakers,
fuse boxes, etc. If
problem persists, contact
the electricity supplier.
3
Check Power Cable and
Fuse. Unplug the power
connector from the
EQ8096 and try it in
another piece of
equipment. Does it work?
The problem lies within
the EQ8096. Proceed to
next step.
The problem lies with
either the cable itself, or
with the fuse in the plug.
Replace the fuse or try to
substitute another cable.
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Preventive Maintenance and Fault-finding
6.5.3
Step
Action
If Result of Action is
Yes…
If Result of Action is
No…
4
Check PSU Module(s)
and Fuse(s). Ensure the
power connector is
unplugged. Remove the
fuse from the rear panel
connector and inspect it.
Has the fuse blown?
Replace the fuse with
one of the correct type
and rating (see Annex B
Technical Specification).
If the PSU still does not
work, unplug the power
cable and call a Service
Engineer.
Possible problem with the
PSU module. Call a
Service Engineer.
Fan(s) Not Working/Overheating
The unit is fitted with four fans, all of which run continuously. Each individual PCB in
the chassis has its own temperature sensor that will highlight if there is a cooling
problem. In the event of overheating problems, refer to Table 6.2.
Note:
Failure to ensure a free air-flow around the unit may cause overheating.
This condition is detected by a temperature sensor; it may be used to trigger
an automatic alarm.
Table 6.2 Fans Not Working/Overheating
6.5.4
Step
Action
If Result of Action is
Yes…
If Result of Action is
No…
1
Check Fan Rotation.
Inspect the fans located at
the sides of the enclosure.
Are the fans rotating?
Check the temperature
(select Temperature
Alarms on the Device
Info tabbed page).
Check that the EQ8096
has been installed with
sufficient space allowed
for air-flow (see Chapter
2, Installing the
Equipment). If the
ambient air is too hot,
additional cooling may
be required.
Possible break in the DC
supply from the PSU
module to the suspect
fan(s). Call a Service
Engineer.
Hot Swapping a PSU (when Dual PSU option fitted)
The EQ8096 provides a facility to swap out a PSU whilst the unit is still powered.
The EQ8096 supports Compact PCI technology for its PSUs, which offers automatic
load sharing and Hot Swap capabilities.
The following procedure describes the steps required to replace a PSU.
1. Loosen the four PSU locking screws fully.
2. Lever out the faulty PSU by firstly pushing inwards the retaining clips followed by
pulling outwards the two levers.
3. The PSU can now be slid out of its housing.
4. Replace new PSU unit and lock levers in place. Note that levers will make an
audible click when the unit is fully inserted.
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Preventive Maintenance and Fault-finding
5. Tighten the four locking screws.
Notes: Following this procedure does NOT invalidate the warranty.
Obtain a replacement card by contacting Ericsson Customer Support.
Ensure that details of the suspected card are available beforehand.
6.5.5
Modulator Card Failure
Use Table 6.3 to aid in diagnosing a modulator card fault.
Table 6.3 Modulator Card Fault-finding
6.5.6
Step
Action
If Result of Action is
Yes…
If Result of Action is
No…
1
Check the status of
the Modulator Card.
Check that the
modulator card is
correctly installed and
configured. Is there a
modulator failure alarm
being shown on the
Status web page?
If the unit indicates a
critical failure, swap out
the card and retest. Refer
to
Section 6.5.6 for details.
If no modulator failure
alarm is shown, go to
Step 2.
2
Check the status of
the RF ports. Do the
ports reflect the reported
status?
Discuss the perceived
problem with Ericsson
Customer Support.
If the port is not providing
a valid output when it has
been enabled via the
Modulation Settings web
page, swap out the card
and retest. Refer to
Section 6.5.6 for details.
Hot Swapping a Modulator Card
Caution!
This equipment contains Electrostatic Sensitive Devices (ESDs). Appropriate
precautions must be observed. Suitable protective devices must be used or worn
before handling. Consult international standards or the manufacturer for further
details
Please refer to Chapter 9 ‘Upgrading EQ8096 with Input and Output Option Cards’.
Notes: Following this procedure does NOT invalidate the warranty.
Obtain a replacement card by contacting Ericsson Customer Support.
Ensure that details of the suspected card are available beforehand.
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
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Preventive Maintenance and Fault-finding
6.6
Disposing of This Equipment
Dispose of this equipment safely at the end of its life. Local codes and/or
environmental restrictions may affect its disposal. Regulations, policies and/or
environmental restrictions differ throughout the world. Contact your local jurisdiction
or local authority for specific advice on disposal.
6-10
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
7 Code Upgrade and License Key Entry
Chapter 7
Contents
7.1
7.2
7.2.1
7.2.2
7.2.3
7.2.4
7.3
7.4
Introduction........................................................................................... 7-3
How to Install Software......................................................................... 7-3
Read This First! .................................................................................... 7-3
If the IP Address is Not Known ............................................................. 7-3
Software Upgrading.............................................................................. 7-4
Output Card Upgrade ........................................................................... 7-4
License Key Entry to Enable/Disable Features .................................... 7-4
Requesting a Key ................................................................................. 7-4
List of Figures
Figure 7.1 License Key Entry Web Page............................................................... 7-5
Figure 7.2 License Key Entry (Power Cycle Required) Web Page........................ 7-5
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
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Code Upgrade and License Key Entry
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7-2
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
Code Upgrade and License Key Entry
7.1
Introduction
This chapter specifies the procedure for upgrading software via FTP and obtaining
and entering license keys to enable DVBCA, Authentication, 1GHz RF or M-CMTS
functionality on the EQ8096.
The assembly is referred to as the unit in this document.
7.2
How to Install Software
7.2.1
Read This First!
Caution!
Upgrading a product will interrupt its normal operation. Code can be loaded at any
time without interfering with the unit functionality. However, for the new code to be
activated a power cycle is required. Ensure that the unit is not in use at this time.
Before starting, ensure that the programming procedure is well understood.
7.2.2
If the IP Address is Not Known
The unit IP (Main) address can be obtained from the Front Panel LCD; alternatively
the user can access the serial port by connecting to a PC running HyperTerminal
with the following settings:
•
115200 baud
•
8 data bits
•
1 stop bit
•
no parity
•
no flow control
To establish the unit IP address connect the serial port as above, power on the unit
and the IP address settings will be displayed as part of the boot sequence.
Alternatively to display all the control port settings, at the Monitor> prompt type:
Monitor> ipinfo
To set a new IP address type
Monitor> IP3 xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
To set a subnet mask (if required) type
Monitor> IPMASK3 xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
To set a default gateway (if required) type
Monitor> IPGATEWAY xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
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7-3
Code Upgrade and License Key Entry
7.2.3
Software Upgrading
To upgrade the software:
1. Unzip/save upgrade files to a local directory.
2. Note IP address of EQ unit, make sure local PC can ping it.
3. Open a DOS session and navigate to the directory where the upgrade files are
saved.
4. Type ‘up xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx’ where ‘x’ is the IP address of the unit to be upgraded.
This runs a batch file that loads all the new code via FTP.
5. Wait until upgrade has finished (DOS prompt comes back).
6. Reboot unit to apply new software/firmware.
7.2.4
Output Card Upgrade
For details on upgrading of output Cards, see Chapter 9 of this Reference Guide.
7.3
License Key Entry to Enable/Disable Features
The unit is shipped with CA enabled if the option EQ8096/SWO/DVBCA has been
ordered at time of purchase.
The unit is shipped with M-CMTS enabled if the option EQ8096/HWO/DTI has been
ordered at time of purchase.
The unit is shipped with 1GHz capability enabled if the option
EQ8096/SWO/12QAM/1GHZ has been ordered at time of purchase.
If any of the options were not originally ordered, but is subsequently required it is
possible to enter a new license key to enable the option (M-CMTS will require
fitment of the DTI client card).
A license key can also be obtained to enable/disable Authentication (User name,
Password) access to the Web browser. Please contact TTV Customer Services for
details on this option.
7.4
Requesting a Key
To request a key:
1. Place an order for any of the options listed in Section 7.3, specifying the type of
license required on existing EQ8096 unit(s).
2. The order must include the unit serial number (found on the side of the unit or
reported on the status web page) and the corresponding unique serial number
for each unit that can be found on the web browser under:
Engineering Æ Advanced Parameter Functions Æ License Key Entry
7-4
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Code Upgrade and License Key Entry
Figure 7.1 License Key Entry Web Page
3. TTV will then supply a license key that is only valid for the unit with the
corresponding unique serial number.
4. Copy the license key (cut and paste will work) onto the license key entry web
page (replacing the *** that are displayed as default).
Caution!
Take care to ensure that the license key is inserted into the correct unit.
5. Select Apply Changes.
The web page will then report that stored license keys have not been activated and
a power cycle is required.
Figure 7.2 License Key Entry (Power Cycle Required) Web Page
6. Power cycle the unit and verify that the licensed functionality is enabled:
•
CA enabled: CA tabbed page available, version information page reports
DVBCA enabled.
•
CA disabled: No CA tabbed page available, version information page reports
DVBCA disabled.
•
M-CMTS enabled: DEPI Stats and DEPI Config tabbed pages available, version
information page reports M-CMTS enabled.
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
7-5
Code Upgrade and License Key Entry
7-6
•
M-CMTS disabled: No DEPI Stats and DEPI Config tabbed pages available,
version information page reports M-CMTS disabled.
•
1GHz license applies to the whole unit and will enable 1 GHz revision Option
Cards to be used within the chassis. The cards are identified under the ‘Version
Information’ tab.
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
8 Unit Configuration via FTP
Chapter 8
Contents
8.1
8.2
8.3
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
Introduction........................................................................................... 8-3
Generating the Configuration File......................................................... 8-3
Configuring Units Using the Stored File ............................................... 8-4
8-1
Unit Configuration via FTP
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Unit Configuration via FTP
8.1
Introduction
This chapter provides details of how to store a unit configuration to a local PC using
the FTP get command. The stored file can then be used to configure other units with
the same parameters using the FTP put command.
8.2
Generating the Configuration File
It is possible to retrieve the current configuration from the unit as follows:
•
Ensure that all parameters are set as required in the unit (e.g. all outputs are
enabled, frequency and modulation set as required).
•
Open an ftp session. The display will be something like the following:
C:\\ftp 172.17.125.32
(unit IP address)
FTP Upgrade target 172.17.125.32...
Connected to 172.17.125.32.
220 EQ8096 (serial number 1) FTP services ready
User (192.168.0.11:(none)): engineer
331 Password required for user 'engineer'.
<enter password ‘96QAM’>
200 PASS command successful.
230 Logged in for user 'engineer'
ftp>
Note:
•
User and Password in bold – CASE SENSITIVE
To read the configuration and store it in a file on the local PC:
ftp>get
<remote-file> config
<local-file> EQ8096config.txt
200 Set port to 172.17.223.2:1819.
150 opening data connection
226 transfer complete.
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8-3
Unit Configuration via FTP
1400 bytes received in 0.84 seconds <1.66 Kbytes/sec>
ftp>
Note:
8.3
The unit will only accept one FTP session, so if there is no request for a
username and password a session is already open that needs to be closed
Configuring Units Using the Stored File
The file is written to the unit using the ftp put command to one of two file
destinations.
Note:
•
The change to the unit configuration is automatically applied.
Open an ftp session.
C:\\ftp 172.17.125.32
•
(unit IP address)
From the ftp session
ftp> put
<local-file> EQ8096config.txt
<remote-file> config
The target filename config filters out the Control Port IP Address and Netmask so
that the connection is maintained.
Note:
8-4
It is possible to reset the unit by using an ftp put of any file to the EQ8096
target file resetunit.
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9
Upgrading EQ8096 with Input and
Output Option Cards
Chapter 9
Contents
9.1
9.1.1
9.1.2
9.1.3
9.2
9.2.1
9.2.2
9.2.3
9.3
9.3.1
9.3.2
9.3.3
9.3.4
9.3.5
Introduction........................................................................................... 9-3
Responsibilities..................................................................................... 9-3
Tools Required ..................................................................................... 9-3
Parts Required...................................................................................... 9-3
Installing/Removing a 12QAM Output Card ......................................... 9-3
Preparing the Unit................................................................................. 9-3
Installing an Output Card ...................................................................... 9-4
Removing an Output Card.................................................................... 9-5
Replacing (Upgrading) an Input Card ................................................... 9-7
Preparing the Unit................................................................................. 9-7
Store the Current Unit Configuration .................................................... 9-7
Replace the Input Card......................................................................... 9-8
Restore Unit IP and Serial Number ...................................................... 9-9
Reconfigure the Unit............................................................................. 9-9
List of Figures
Figure 9.1
Figure 9.2
Figure 9.3
Figure 9.4
Figure 9.5
Figure 9.6
Figure 9.7
Figure 9.8
EMC Fingers......................................................................................... 9-4
Locating the Output Card ..................................................................... 9-5
Removing the Output Card................................................................... 9-5
Inserting the Extraction Tool................................................................. 9-6
Inserting both Extraction Tools ............................................................. 9-6
Extracting the Output Card ................................................................... 9-7
Status Page .......................................................................................... 9-8
Control Port Main Screen ..................................................................... 9-8
List of Tables
Table 9.1 Parts Required...................................................................................... 9-3
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Upgrading EQ8096 with Input and Output Option Cards
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9-2
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Upgrading EQ8096 with Input and Output Option Cards
9.1
Introduction
This document defines the procedures installing and removing Input and Output
Option Cards.
9.1.1
Responsibilities
The operator should be capable to working to IPC-A-610 standards and follow
precautions set down in P035 Handling and Protection of ESD product.
In case of problems please contact customer services.
9.1.2
Tools Required
The following tools are required for installation and removal:
2 x S14483 Card Extraction Tools
9.1.3
Parts Required
The procedures given in this chapter refer to installation and replacement of the
parts listed in the following table
Table 9.1
9.2
Parts Required
Part Number
Qty
Description
EQ8096/HWO/12QAM
A/R
12QAM Output Card
EQ8096/HWO/IP-RJ45
A/R
Input Card with RJ-45 Connections
EQ8096/HWO/IP-SFP
A/R
Input Card with SFP Connections
Installing/Removing a 12QAM Output Card
When installing or removing the 12QAM Output Card from the EQ8096 Edge QAM,
the following process should be used.
9.2.1
Preparing the Unit
Before installing an Output Card the EQ8096 should be prepared, as follows:
1. Refer to Chapter 2, Installing the Equipment for slot numbering and assignment
information
2. Ensure the unit is disconnected from the AC or DC mains.
3. Maintain ESD precautions.
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Upgrading EQ8096 with Input and Output Option Cards
9.2.2
Installing an Output Card
The EQ8096 is fitted with individual blanking panels to slots (1-8). These must be
removed before the Output Card(s) can be fitted.
To install the 12QAM Output Card:
1. Remove the two screws securing the blanking panel from the slot; retain screws
and blanking panel for later use.
2. Remove the new 12QAM Output Cards from the ESD bag.
3. Check the three heat sinks are securely fixed to the underside of the board.
4. Ensure all the EMC fingers are pointing towards the board surfaces before
placing card into the runners on the chassis.
Figure 9.1 EMC Fingers
5. Push the card into the unit so the connector locates being careful that the heat
sinks or the EMC fingers do not foul on the entrance to the chassis. There is no
need to use the Card Extraction tools for this process.
9-4
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Upgrading EQ8096 with Input and Output Option Cards
Figure 9.2 Locating the Output Card
6. Fit two screws removed from blanking panel and secure card.
9.2.3
Removing an Output Card
To remove the 12QAM Output Card:
1. Remove the two securing screws securing the card to the unit chassis, and
retain for later use.
Figure 9.3 Removing the Output Card
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9-5
Upgrading EQ8096 with Input and Output Option Cards
2. Insert S14483 Card Extraction tools in each of the two M3 bushes below the
securing screw hole
Figure 9.4 Inserting the Extraction Tool
3. Tighten each tool together. This will start to extract the card from the chassis
Figure 9.5 Inserting both Extraction Tools
4. Carefully remove the card ensuring that the heat sinks on the bottom of the card
are not knocked.
9-6
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Upgrading EQ8096 with Input and Output Option Cards
Figure 9.6 Extracting the Output Card
9.3
Replacing (Upgrading) an Input Card
9.3.1
Preparing the Unit
Before installing an Input Card the EQ8096 should be prepared, as follows:
1. Refer to Chapter 2, Installing the Equipment for slot numbering and assignment
information
2. Ensure the unit is disconnected from the AC or DC mains.
3. Maintain ESD precautions.
9.3.2
Store the Current Unit Configuration
Obtain the current unit configuration by obtaining the ‘config’ file held on the
EQ8096’s Flash memory. To do this, perform the following steps:
1. From DOS or Windows ‘Run’, type ‘ftp <ip_address>’ where ‘ip_address’ is the
normal Control IP address in use on the EQ8096.
2. Enter the username: ‘engineer’
3. Enter the password: ‘96QAM’ (case sensitive)
4. Type ‘get config config.xml’
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9-7
Upgrading EQ8096 with Input and Output Option Cards
5. After the transfer has successfully completed type ‘bye’ to exit the FTP session.
The config.xml file will have been saved to the local directory the FTP was
performed from.
Note:
The unit’s IP address and Serial Number. You can obtain the Serial Number
by navigating to the ‘Status’ page on the GUI
Figure 9.7 Status Page
Obtain the Main Control IP address by navigating to the Control port (Main) settings:
Figure 9.8 Control Port Main Screen
9.3.3
Replace the Input Card
To remove and replace the Input Card:
1. Power off the EQ8096 completely.
2. Maintain ESD precautions.
3. Remove the four screws securing the input card and retain for later use.
4. Insert S14483 Card Extraction tools in each of the two M3 bushes below the
securing screw hole.
5. Tighten each tool together this will start to extract the card from the chassis.
6. Before fitting the replacement input card ensure all the EMC tabs are pointing
towards the board surfaces before placing card into the runners on the chassis.
7. Push the card into the unit so the connector locates be careful that the EMC
fingers do not foul on the entrance to the chassis.
8. Refit the four securing screws.
9-8
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Upgrading EQ8096 with Input and Output Option Cards
9.3.4
Restore Unit IP and Serial Number
The original Serial number, IP address and Configuration must be applied to the
new Input card.
To restore this information:
1. Power on the EQ8096, making sure all the steps above have been performed
correctly.
2. Using the RS-232 port on the rear panel of the input card, connect to a PC at
115,200 baud, 8, n, 1, n and ensure that you have the ‘Monitor>’ prompt.
3. Type ‘sn <original serial number>’ to set the unit’s serial number.
4. Type ‘ip3 <original IP address>’ to set the unit’s main control port address
(alternatively the IP address can be set from the Front Panel as described in the
Reference Guide).
5. Power cycle the unit.
9.3.5
Reconfigure the Unit
To verify that the cards are recognized by the unit:
1. Power up the unit and, using a web browser such as Internet Explorer, navigate
to the EQ8096 home page by entering the IP address set in the previous step
into the browser's address field and check that the GUI responds.
2. Check using the GUI that it recognises the fitted PCB cards and no faults are
seen. Check also the IP address and Serial number are correctly reported, as
per the instructions in 7.1
To reload the original configuration into Flash:
1. FTP into the unit as outlined in section 7.1, making sure that your source
directory contains the ‘config.xml’ file obtained originally.
2. Type ‘put config.xml config’
3. After the transfer has completed type ‘bye’ to exit the FTP session.
4. Check that the unit has been correctly configured, as per the original unit
configuration.
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Upgrading EQ8096 with Input and Output Option Cards
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9-10
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10
EQ8096 M-CMTS System Test
Specification
Chapter 10
Contents
10.1
10.1.1
10.1.2
10.2
10.3
10.3.1
10.3.2
10.3.3
10.3.4
General............................................................................................... 10-3
Overview............................................................................................. 10-3
Acronyms............................................................................................ 10-3
Hardware - System Requirement ....................................................... 10-3
General Test Configuration ................................................................ 10-4
System Setup ..................................................................................... 10-5
M-CMTS Session Setup ..................................................................... 10-5
CISCO Core Configurartion.............................................................. 10-10
DTI Card ........................................................................................... 10-11
List of Figures
Figure 10.1
Figure 10.2
Figure 10.3
Figure 10.4
Figure 10.5
Figure 10.6
Figure 10.7
Figure 10.8
Figure 10.9
Figure 10.10
Figure 10.11
Typical Test Configuration ............................................................... 10-4
Web GUI Home Page ...................................................................... 10-5
DEPI Configuration WEB GUI ......................................................... 10-6
DEPI Input Session Setup ............................................................... 10-6
DEPI Session Setup ........................................................................ 10-7
DEPI Session Enabled .................................................................... 10-7
DEPI Session Disabled.................................................................... 10-8
DEPI Session Reconfigured ............................................................ 10-8
Four Sessions, No Activity ............................................................... 10-9
Four Sessions, Receiving EQAM Data ............................................ 10-9
DTI Client Locked .......................................................................... 10-11
List of Tables
Table 10.1
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
LED Meanings ............................................................................... 10-11
10-1
EQ8096 M-CMTS System Test Specification
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10-2
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EQ8096 M-CMTS System Test Specification
10.1
General
10.1.1
Overview
This document describes the system test specification for on site test and
verification of the EQ8096 DEPI-MPT functionality using a CISCO uBR10K Core.
10.1.2
Acronyms
DEPI: Downstream External Physical Interface
EQAM: Edge Quad Amplitude Modulator
10.2
Hardware - System Requirement
The following hardware devices are required for testing:
•
ERICSSON EQ8096 EQAM: M-CMTS release version with DTI Client card
fitted, this will be referred to simply as the “EQAM” throughout this document.
•
Cisco uBR10012 M-CMTS core: The details of configuration and setup of the
M-CMTS core are beyond the scope of this document. It is assumed an
engineer is available to configure/control this device
•
Symmetricom TimeCreator 1000 DTI Server: The configuration of the DTI
Server is beyond the scope of this document. It is assumed an engineer is
available to configure/control this device
•
Gigabit Ethernet Switch: Any carrier grade Gigabit switch to act as a CIN
(Converged Interconnect Network) between the M-CMTS core and EQ8096.
Note: The uBR10012 M-CMTS core will likely have optical SPA outputs so the
switch should provide at least one Gigabit optical interface to allow connectivity
to the core.
•
DHCP Server: This may be a PC setup with installed DHCP Server software or
the CISCO Core. The DHCP Server will allocate IP addresses to the Cable
Modems as part of the provisioning process. This could also be any DHCP
server present on the CIN.
•
TFTP Server: This may be a PC setup with installed DHCP Server software or
the CISCO Core. The TFTP Server will allow a modem to download a
configuration file.
•
Wideband cable modem(s): This test setup has been proved with the following
cable modems (Netwave MNG-2800, Netgear CM232 Pre-DOCSIS 3.0 Cable
Modem, Scientific Atlanta XXX etc ).
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10-3
EQ8096 M-CMTS System Test Specification
10.3
General Test Configuration
The following diagram shows the general set up required for EQAM testing with a
Cisco uBR-10K core.
DHCP / TFTP Server
211.245.185.71/25
DTI Server
Edge-QAM
10.30.1.2
10.111.1.1/24
Gi 3/0/0
10.111.1.2
SIP & SPA
Connection
10.30.1.2
Rf 1
Annex A 1/2/3/4 Channel Bonding
( DS 530 , 538 , 546Mhz )
Rf 2
4 Way
1000BaseT
8
UP
w
a
2way
y
Wideband
CM
PC
100BaseT
EQAM Control
10.30.1.100
narrowband
CM
PC
Figure 10.1 Typical Test Configuration
The diagram, basically consists of:
10-4
•
Carrier Grade Switch
•
CISCO uBR10K Core: With connection to EQAM via carrier grade switch and
Up stream RF input
•
DHCP Server: attached to carrier grade switch
•
EQAM: connected to Carrier grade switch for down stream data/control
•
DTI Server: supplying DTI clock to uBR10K and EQAM
•
EQAM Control: PC running Web client
•
RF Network: For downstream and upstream RF
•
Modems/PCs: For end to end testing.
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EQ8096 M-CMTS System Test Specification
10.3.1
System Setup
A tester must perform the following set up when first installing the EQAM
•
The EQ8096 must have the DTI client card installed. The DTI client can be
either factory fitted or field upgradeable. If necessary, please refer to Chapter 9
of the EQ8096 Reference Guide for instructions regarding this field upgrade
process.
•
M-CMTS license enabled (please contact Ericsson Customer Support)
•
Power up the EQAM
•
After the EQAM has booted note the IP address/mask on the front panel and set
up a PC to be in the same subnet.
•
If you wish to change this IP Address/subnet mask you can do this via the front
panel or alternatively connect the EQAM via a web client, You will be presented
with the following Web GUI, Figure 10.2:
Figure 10.2 Web GUI Home Page
Note:
10.3.2
If the DTI client card is not present the “DEPI Configuration” and “DEPI
Statistics” tab will not be present and the DTI card information “DTI Client
Locked: Yes” and “DTI Timestamp: XXXXXXX” under status will not be
present.
M-CMTS Session Setup
The M-CMTS EQAM sessions are configured using the DEPI Configuration WEB
GUI Page.
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10-5
EQ8096 M-CMTS System Test Specification
Figure 10.3 DEPI Configuration WEB GUI
Note:
There is one configuration page per 24 DEPI sessions. This is to make the
web GUI more readable.
Any input card GBe input can be routed to any Output Card/Spigot/QAM Channel,
i.e. any session can be set up for any stream through the EQAM, it is up to the user
to manage this.
Figure 10.4 DEPI Input Session Setup
10-6
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EQ8096 M-CMTS System Test Specification
Select the output card/Spigot/QAM you wish to enable the session on, e.g. in our
example we enable Input Card Port 2 which is routed to Output Card 1, Spigot 2,
Qam channel 1. The Remote session id is supplied by the Core engineer and
corresponds to the “depi-remote-id” set up in the core “controller Modular-cable” set
up.
Figure 10.5 DEPI Session Setup
Then select “Apply Changes”. The enabled session will be grayed out and cannot
now be changed until they are disabled, e.g.:
Figure 10.6 DEPI Session Enabled
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10-7
EQ8096 M-CMTS System Test Specification
If there is a problem enabling a channel then the selection will not change to grey
and will still say “Disabled”.
To disable a session, select “disabled” then “Apply changes”, e.g. to disable session
4.
Figure 10.7 DEPI Session Disabled
Similarly, a session can be set up on Input Card Port 1, Output Card 2, Spigot 1,
QAM 1.
Figure 10.8 DEPI Session Reconfigured
This process can be repeated for any Inputs Card port.
Note:
10-8
Please ensure you disable a session before changing the Input/Output
Card/Spigot/QAM configuration.
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EQ8096 M-CMTS System Test Specification
When the DEPI sessions have been configured with the correct set up and the core
is running you should see activity in the “DEPI Statistics” Web GUI page, e.g.:
Here we have 4 sessions set up but no activity:
Figure 10.9 Four Sessions, No Activity
Here we have 4 sessions set up but this time the EQAM is receiving data from the
EQAM:
Figure 10.10 Four Sessions, Receiving EQAM Data
If you have configured your system and see no activity on this page then you likely
have a configuration problem.
Note:
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
The stats page refreshes periodically. The stats can be reset by selection
the “Reset All” selection on the Web GUI page. The average bit rate is a
running bit rate, measured from when the box is started or from when the
last time the stats were reset.
10-9
EQ8096 M-CMTS System Test Specification
10.3.3
CISCO Core Configurartion
The “Remote Session Id” returned to the DEPI Configuration WEB GUI page
whenever a session is set up, see Figure 10.6, is very important, it identifies this
QAM channel to the CISCO Core. This value must be given to the CISCO test
engineer so he can set up the core with it.
The CISCO core engineer uses this value as the “depi-remote-id “ when setting up
the core.
The CISCO core is set up with commands similar to:
1. 4 RF channels are defined (from rf-channel 0 to 3), the goal being to set up 4
channel bonding group.
controller Modular-Cable 1/0/0
ip-address 10.1.1.1
modular-host subslot 5/0
rf-channel 0 cable downstream channel-id 24
rf-channel 0 frequency 111000000 annex A modulation 256qam interleave 12
rf-channel 0 ip-address 10.30.1.1 mac-address 0020.AA3F.013C depi-remote-id 49152
rf-channel 1 cable downstream channel-id 25
rf-channel 1 frequency 119000000 annex A modulation 256qam interleave 12
rf-channel 1 ip-address 10.30.1.1 mac-address 0020.AA3F.013C depi-remote-id 49153
rf-channel 2 cable downstream channel-id 26
rf-channel 2 frequency 127000000 annex A modulation 256qam interleave 12
rf-channel 2 ip-address 10.30.1.1 mac-address 0020.AA3F.013C depi-remote-id 49154
rf-channel 3 cable downstream channel-id 27
rf-channel 3 frequency 135000000 annex A modulation 256qam interleave 12
rf-channel 3 ip-address 10.30.1.1 mac-address 0020.AA3F.013C depi-remote-id 49155
Note:
An example of the parameters which must correspond to the EQAM are in
bold above.
2. 4 RF channels are defined in this bonding group that is represented by the
wideband-cable interface.
interface Wideband-Cable1/0/0:0
no ip address
cable bundle 1
cable bonding-group-id 1
cable dynamic-bw-sharing
cable rf-channel 0 bandwidth-percent 80 remaining ratio 100
cable rf-channel 1
cable rf-channel 2
cable rf-channel 3
When the core is set up correctly you have enabled the QAM sessions, as above,
then your test modems should lock/bond.
10-10
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EQ8096 M-CMTS System Test Specification
10.3.4
DTI Card
After the system is booted and configured ensure the DTI client card is in Sync by
checking the WEB GUI status page or the LEDs on the back of the chassis before
testing, e.g.:
Figure 10.11 DTI Client Locked
When the DTI card is in SYNC the status page reports “DTI Client Locked: Yes”.
Also, the LEDs on the DTI input port have the following meaning:
Table 10.1 LED Meanings
DTI LED Color/Position
Meaning
Both LEDs extinguished
No DTI Input
Amber/Right
DTI Locking in progress
Green/Left
DTI Lock achieved
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EQ8096 M-CMTS System Test Specification
BLANK
10-12
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A
Glossary
Annex A
The following list covers most of the abbreviations, acronyms and terms as used in
Ericsson Manuals, User and Reference Guides. Not all terms may be included in
this Reference Guide.
μm
Micrometer (former name - micron): a unit of length equal to one
millionth (10-6) of a meter.
1000BaseT
The term for the Electrical Gigabit Ethernet interface. This is the
most common interface for Gigabit Ethernet. Most Gigabit-enabled
PCs and equipment use this interface.
3:2 pull-down
A technique used when converting film material (which operates at
24 pictures per second) to 525-line video (operating at 30 pictures
per second).
4:2:0
Digital video coding method in which the color difference signals are
sampled on alternate lines at half the luminance rate.
4:2:2
Digital video coding method in which the color difference signals are
sampled on all lines at half the luminance rate.
422P@ML
422 Profile at Main Level: A subset of the MPEG-2 standard, which
supports digital video storage (DVD etc.) and transmissions up to 50
Mbps over various mediums. Used for Contribution and Distribution
applications.
5B6B
5 Binary Bits Encoded to 6 Binary Bits: Block code.
ADPCM
Adaptive Differential Pulse Code Modulation: An advanced PCM
technique that converts analogue sound into digital data and vice
versa. Instead of coding an absolute measurement at each sample
point, it codes the difference between samples and can dynamically
switch the coding scale to compensate for variations in amplitude
and frequency.
ACC
Authorization Control Computer.
ADT
Audio, Data And Teletext.
AFC
Automatic Frequency Control.
AFS
Automation File Server.
AGC
Automatic Gain Control.
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A-1
Glossary
A-2
AMOL I and II
Automatic Measure of Line-ups I and II: Used by automated
equipment to measure programme-viewing ratings.
ARP
Address Resolution Protocol. A protocol used to "resolve" IP
addresses into underlying Ethernet MAC addresses.
ASI
Asynchronous Serial Interface.
ASIC
Application-Specific Integrated Circuit: A customized chip designed
to perform a specific function.
Async
Asynchronous.
ATM
Asynchronous Transfer Mode: A connection orientated, cell based,
data transport technology designed for Broadband ISDN (B-ISDN).
It provides a circuit-switched bandwidth-on-demand carrier system,
with the flexibility of packet switching. It offers low end-to-end delays
and (negotiable on call set up) Quality of Service guarantees.
Asynchronous refers to the sporadic nature of the data being
transmitted. Cells are transmitted only when data is to be sent,
therefore the time interval between cells varies according to the
availability of data.
ATSC
Advanced Television Standards Committee: An organization
founded in 1983 to research and develop a digital TV standard for
the U.S.A. In late 1996, the FCC adopted the ATSC standard, the
digital counterpart of the NTSC standard.
B3ZS
Bipolar with Three Zero Substitution: A method of eliminating long
zero strings in a transmission. It is used to ensure a sufficient
number of transitions to maintain system synchronization when the
user data stream contains an insufficient number of 1s to do so.
B3ZS is the North American equivalent of the European HDB3.
Backward
Compatibility
Refers to hardware or software that is compatible with earlier
versions.
BAT
Bouquet Association Table: Part of the service information data. The
BAT provides information about bouquets. It gives the name of the
bouquet and a list of associated services.
baud rate
The rate of transfer of digital data when the data comprises
information symbols that may consist of a number of possible states.
Equivalent to bit rate when the symbols only have two states (1 and
0). Measured in Baud.
BER
Bit Error Rate: A measure of transmission quality. The rate at which
errors occur in the transmission of data bits over a link. It is
generally shown as a negative exponent, (e.g., 10-7 means that 1 in
10,000,000 bits are in error).
BISS
Basic Interoperable Scrambling System: Non-proprietary encryption
from EBU (Tech3290).
Bit rate
The rate of transfer of digital data when the data comprises two logic
states, 1 and 0. Measured in bit/s.
Block; Pixel Block
An 8-row by 8-column matrix of luminance sample values, or 64
DCT coefficients (source, quantized, or de-quantized).
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Glossary
Bouquet
A collection of services (TV, radio, and data, or any combination of
the three) grouped and sold together, and identified in the SI as a
group. A single service may be in several bouquets.
B-Picture; B-Frame
Bi-directionally Predictive Coded Picture/Frame: A picture that is
coded using motion-compensated prediction from previous I or P
frames (forward prediction) and/or future I or P frames (backward
prediction). B frames are not used in any prediction.
BPSK
Binary Phase Shift Keying: A data modulation technique.
Buffer
A memory store used to provide a consistent rate of data flow.
BW
Bandwidth: The transmission capacity of an electronic line such as
(among others) a communications network, computer bus, or
broadcast link. It is expressed in bits per second, bytes per second
or in Hertz (cycles per second). When expressed in Hertz, the
frequency may be a greater number than the actual bits per second,
because the bandwidth is the difference between the lowest and
highest frequencies transmitted. High bandwidth allows fast
transmission or high-volume transmission.
Byte-mode
Each byte is delivered separately in the ASI transport stream, with
stuffing data added between the Bytes to increase the data rate to
270 Mbps. See DVB Document A010 rev. 1, Section B3.3, (ASI)
Layer-2 Transport Protocol.
CA
Conditional Access: The technology used to control the access to
viewing services to authorized subscribers through the transmission
of encrypted signals and the programmable regulation of their
decryption by a system such as viewing cards.
CAT
Conditional Access Table: Part of the MPEG-2 Program Specific
Information (PSI) data. Mandatory for MPEG-2 compliance if CA is
in use.
C-Band
The portion of the electromagnetic spectrum, which spans the
frequency range of approximately 4 GHz to 6 GHz. Used by
communications satellites. Preferred in tropical climates because it
is not susceptible to fading.
CCIR
See: ITU-R.
CCITT
See: ITU-T.
Channel
a narrow range of frequencies, part of a frequency band, for the
transmission of radio and television signals without interference from
other channels.
In the case of OFDM, a large number of carriers spaced apart at
precise frequencies are allocated to a channel.
Channel Coding
A way of encoding data in a communications channel that adds
patterns of redundancy into the transmission path in order to
improve the error rate. Such methods are widely used in wireless
communications.
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A-3
Glossary
A-4
Chrominance
The color part of a TV picture signal, relating to the hue and
saturation but not to the luminance (brightness) of the signal. In a
composite-coded color system, the color information (chrominance,
often referred to as chroma) is modulated onto a high frequency
carrier and added to the monochrome-format video signal carrying
the luminance (Y). In a component-coded color system, the two
color-difference signals (R-Y)(B-Y) usually referred to as CRCB
(digital) or PRPB (analogue), are used to convey color information.
When CRCB (PRPB) is added to the luminance (Y), the complete
picture information is conveyed as YCRCB (YPRPB).
Closed Captioning
A TV picture subtitling system used with 525-line analogue
transmissions.
CODE
Create Once Distribute Everywhere.
Codec
The combination of an Encoder and a complementary Decoder
located respectively at the input and output of a transmission path.
COFDM
Coded OFDM: COFDM adds forward error correction to the OFDM
transmission consisting of Reed-Solomon (RS) coding followed by
convolutional coding to add extra bits to the transmitted signal. This
allows a large number of errors at the receive end to be corrected by
convolutional (Viterbi) decoding followed by RS decoding.
Composite
CVBS Video Signal, 1 V pk-pk
Compression
Reduction in the number of bits used to represent the same
information. For the purposes of a broadcast system, it is the
process of reducing digital picture information by discarding
redundant portions of information that are not required when
reconstituting the picture to produce viewing clarity. Compression
allows a higher bite-rate to be transmitted through a given
bandwidth.
Compression
System
Responsible for compressing and multiplexing the video / audio /
data bitstreams, together with the authorization stream. The
multiplexed data stream is then ready for transmission.
C RC B
Digital Color difference signals. These signals, in combination with
the luminance signal (Y), define the color and brightness of each
picture element (pixel) on a TV line. See: Chrominance
CRC
Cyclic Redundancy Check: A mathematical algorithm that computes
a numerical value based on the bits in a block of data. This number
is transmitted with the data and the receiver uses this information
and the same algorithm to ensure the accurate delivery of data by
comparing the results of algorithm and the number received. If a
mismatch occurs, an error in transmission is presumed.
CVBS
Color Video Black Sync Signal
dB
Decibels: A ratio of one quantity to another using logarithmic scales
to give results related to human aural or visual perception. dB is a
ratio whereas dBm, for example, is an absolute value, quoted as a
ratio to a fixed point of 0 dBm. 0 dBm is 1 mW at 1 kHz terminated
in 600Ω. 0 dBmV is 1 mV terminated in 75Ω.
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Glossary
DCE
Data Communications Equipment: Typically a modem. It
establishes, maintains and terminates a session on a network but in
itself is not the source (originator) or destination (end receiving unit)
of signals (e.g. a computer, see DTE). A DCE device may also
convert signals to comply with the transmission path (network)
format.
DCT
Discrete Cosine Transform: A technique for expressing a waveform
as a weighted sum of cosines. Raw video data is not readily
compressible. DCT is not in itself a compression technique but is
used to process the video data so that it is compressible by an
encoder. DCT processes the picture on an 8x8-pixel block basis,
converting the data from an uncompressible X Y form (as displayed
by an oscilloscope) to a compressible frequency domain form (as
displayed by a spectrum analyzer). Can be forward DCT or inverse
DCT.
DDS
Direct Digital Synthesiser.
Decoder
The unit containing the electronic circuitry necessary to decode
encrypted signals. Some Decoders are separate from the receiver
but in satellite TV broadcasting, the term is often used
interchangeably as a name for an Integrated Receiver Decoder
(IRD). The term IRD, or IRD / Decoder, is usually associated with
satellite TV broadcasting while Cable systems are based on
Converters or on Set-Top Boxes / Converters.
Decoding Time
stamp
A field that may be present in a PES packet header that indicates
the time that an access unit is to be decoded in the system target
Decoder.
DENG
Digital Electronic News Gathering
DID
Data Identifier.
Differential Coding
Method of coding using the difference between the value of a
sample and a predicted value.
DiffServ
Differentiated Services. A mechanism used on layer 3 - e.g. the IP
layer - to differentiate between traffic of various types. DiffServ is
based on the ToS field and provides a mechanism for the network to
give e.g. video traffic higher priority than other traffic (for example
Internet traffic).
DIL
Dual In Line: The most common type of package for small and
medium scale integrated circuits. The pins hang vertically from the
two long sides of the rectangular package, spaced at intervals of 0.1
inch.
DIN
Deutsches Institut für Normung: German Standards Institute.
Downlink
The part of the satellite communications circuit that extends from the
satellite to an Earth station.
Downconvert
The process by which the frequency of a broadcast transport stream
is shifted to a lower frequency range.
DPCM
Differential Pulse Code Modulation: An audio digitization technique
that codes the difference between samples rather than coding an
absolute measurement at each sample point.
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A-5
Glossary
DSNG
Digital Satellite News-Gathering.
DSP
Digital Signal Processor.
DTE
Data circuit Terminating Equipment: A communications device that
originates (is the source) or is the end receiving unit (destination) of
signals on a network. It is typically a terminal or computer.
DTH
Direct-To-Home. The term used to describe uninterrupted
transmission from the satellite directly to the subscriber, that is, no
intermediary cable or terrestrial network utilized.
DTMF
Dual-Tone MultiFrequency
DVB
Digital Video Broadcasting: A European project which has defined
transmission standards for digital broadcasting systems using
satellite (DVB-S), cable (DVB-C) and terrestrial (DVB-T) medium,
created by the EP-DVB group and approved by the ITU. Specifies
modulation, error correction, etc. (see EN 300 421 for satellite,
EN 300 429 for cable and EN 300 744 for terrestrial).
DVB SI
Digital Video Broadcasting Service Information.
DVB-PI
DVB-Professional Interfaces: TTV Lan search shows – DVB
Physical Interfaces
DWDM
Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing. A mechanism to utilize
existing fiber with even more bandwidth by adding extra signals
using other wavelengths/colors
Earth
Technical Earth: Ensures that all equipment chassis within a rack
are at the same potential, usually by connecting a wire between the
Technical earth terminal and a suitable point on the rack. This is
sometimes known as a Functional earth.
Protective Earth: Used for electric shock protection. This is
sometimes known as a safety earth.
EBU
European Broadcast Union.
ECM
Entitlement Control Message.
EDI
Ethernet Data Input
EIA
Electronics Industries Association (USA).
EIT
Event Information Table: Equipment: A component of the DVBService Information (SI) stream generated within an Encoder,
containing information about events or programmes such as event
name, start time, duration, etc.
System: EIT (Present/Following) contains the name of the current
and next event. It may include an optional descriptor (synopsis)
giving brief details of content. EIT (Schedule) is used to produce a
full EPG. The EIT is the only DVB-SI table, which can be encrypted.
A-6
Elementary Stream
A generic term for a coded bitstream, be it video, audio or other.
EMC
Electromagnetic Compatibility.
EMM
Entitlement Management Message.
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Glossary
Encryption
Encoding of a transmission to prevent access without the
appropriate decryption equipment and authorization.
EPG
Electronic Programme Guide: On-screen programme listing using
thumbnail pictures and/or text.
Ethernet
The most widely used local area network (LAN) defined by the IEEE
as the 802.3 standard. Transmission speeds vary according to the
configuration. Ethernet uses copper or fiber-optic cables.
ETS
European Telecommunications Standard.
ETSI
European Telecommunications Standards Institute.
FBAS
German for CVBS
FCC
Federal Communications Commission.
FDM
Frequency Division Multiplex: A common communication channel for
a number of signals, each with its own allotted frequency.
FEC
Forward Error Correction: A method of catching errors in a
transmission. The data is processed through an algorithm that adds
extra bits and sends these with the transmitted data. The extra bits
are then used at the receiving end to check the accuracy of the
transmission and correct any errors.
FFT
Fast Fourier Transformation: A fast algorithm for performing a
discrete Fourier transform.
FIFO
First In, First Out: A data structure or hardware buffer from which
items are taken out in the same order they were put in. Also known
as a shelf from the analogy with pushing items onto one end of a
shelf so that they fall off the other. A FIFO is useful for buffering a
stream of data between a sender and receiver that are not
synchronized - i.e. they not sending and receiving at exactly the
same rate.
FM
Frequency Modulation: Analogue modulation procedure
Footprint
The area of the Earth’s surface covered by a satellite’s downlink
transmission. Also (generally) the area from which the satellite can
receive uplink transmissions.
FTP
File Transfer Protocol: A protocol used to transfer files over a
TCP/IP network (Internet, UNIX, etc.). For example, after developing
the HTML pages for a Web site on a local machine, they are
typically uploaded to the Web server, using FTP. Unlike e-mail
programs in which graphics and program files have to be attached,
FTP is designed to handle binary files directly and does not add the
overhead of encoding and decoding the data.
G.703
The ITU-T standard which defines the physical and electrical
characteristics of hierarchical digital interfaces.
GOP
Group of Pictures: MPEG video compression works more effectively
by processing a number of video frames as a block. The Ericsson
Encoder normally uses a 12 frame GOP; every twelfth frame is an I
frame.
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A-7
Glossary
A-8
GUI
Graphical User Interface: The use of pictures rather than just words
to represent the input and output of a program. A program with a
GUI runs under a windowing system and has a screen interface
capable of displaying graphics in the form of icons, drop-down
menus and a movable pointer. The on-screen information is usually
controlled / manipulated by a mouse or keyboard.
HDTV
High Definition Television.
HPA
High Power Amplifier: Used in the signal path to amplify the
modulated and up-converted broadcast signal for feeding to the
uplink antenna.
HSYNC
Horizontal (line) SYNCs.
HTTP
Hypertext Transfer Protocol. The fundamental protocol used on the
Internet for transmission of WEB pages and other data between
servers and PCs
HU
Height Unit
Hub
A device in a multi-point network at which branch nodes
interconnect.
ICAM
Integrated Conditional Access Module: Embedded in the IRD and
responsible for descrambling, plus packet filtering and reception. It
also contains the physical interface to the subscriber’s viewing card.
ICMP
Internet Control Message Protocol. ICMP messages, delivered in IP
packets, are used for out-of-band messages related to network
operation or mis-operation
IGMP
Internet Group Management Protocol. IGMP is a protocol used to
manage multicasts on the Internet. For a host (receiver unit) to
receive a multicast, it needs to transmit IGMP "join" messages on
the right format. Three versions exist. IGMPv2 is common today but
IGMPv3 is the next step.
IDU
Indoor unit
IEC
International Electrotechnical Committee.
IF
Intermediate Frequency: Usually refers to the 70 MHz or 140 MHz
output of the Modulator in cable, satellite and terrestrial transmission
applications.
Interframe Coding
Compression coding involving consecutive frames. When
consecutive frames are compared, temporal redundancy is used to
remove common elements (information) and arrive at difference
information. MPEG-2 uses B and P frames, but since they are
individually incomplete and relate to other adjacent frames, they
cannot be edited independently.
Intraframe Coding
Compression coding involving a single frame. Redundant
information is removed on a per frame basis. All other frames are
ignored. Coding of a macroblock or picture that uses information
only from that macroblock or picture. Exploits spatial redundancy by
using DCT to produce I frames; these are independent frames and
can be edited.
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Glossary
IP
Internet Protocol: The IP part of TCP/IP. IP implements the network
layer (layer 3) of the protocol, which contains a network address and
is used to route a message to a different network or sub-network. IP
accepts packets from the layer 4 transport protocol (TCP or UDP),
adds its own header to it and delivers a datagram to the layer 2 data
link protocol. It may also break the packet into fragments to support
the Maximum Transmission / Transfer Unit (MTU) of the network.
I-picture; I-frame
Intracoded Picture/Frame: A picture / frame, which is coded using
purely intracoding with reference to no other field or frame
information. The I frame is used as a reference for other
compression methods.
IPPV
Impulse Pay Per View: One-time events, purchased at home (on
impulse) using a prearranged SMS credit line.
IRD
Integrated Receiver Decoder: The Receiver with an internal MPEG
Decoder, which is connected to the subscriber’s TV. The IRD is
responsible for receiving and de-multiplexing all signals. The unit
receives the incoming signal and if CA is active, decodes the signal
when provided with a control word by the viewing card. Domestic
IRDs are also known as Set-Top Units or Set-Top Boxes.
IRE
Institute of Radio Engineers: No longer in existence but the name
lives on as a unit of video amplitude measurement. This unit is 1%
of the range between blanking a peak white for a standard
amplitude signal.
ISDN
Integrated Services Digital Network: The basic ISDN service is BRI
(Basic Rate Interface), which is made up of two 64 kbps B channels
and one 16 kbps D channel (2B+D). If both channels are combined
into one, called bonding, the total data rate becomes 128 kbps and
is four and a half times the bandwidth of a V.34 modem (28.8 kbps).
The ISDN high speed service is PRI (Primary Rate Interface). It
provides 23 B channels and one 64 kbps D channel (23B+D), which
is equivalent to the 24 channels of a T1 line. When several channels
are bonded together, high data rates can be achieved. For example,
it is common to bond six channels for quality videoconferencing at
384 kbps. In Europe, PRI includes 30 B channels and one D
channel, equivalent to an E1 line.
ISO
International Standards Organisation.
ISOG
Inter-union Satellite Operations Group.
ITS
Insertion Test Signal: A suite of analogue test signals placed on
lines in the VBI. Also known as VITS.
ITT
Invitation To Tender.
ITU-R
International Telecommunications Union - Radiocommunications
Study Groups (was CCIR).
ITU-T
International Telecommunications Union - Telecommunications
Standardization Sector (was CCITT).
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
A-9
Glossary
A-10
JPEG
Joint Photographic Experts Group: ISO/ITU standard for
compressing still images. It has a high compression capability.
Using discrete cosine transform, it provides user specified
compression ratios up to around 100:1 (there is a trade-off between
image quality and file size).
kbps
1000 bits per second.
Kbit
1024 bits, usually refers to memory capacity or allocation.
Ku-band
The portion of the electromagnetic spectrum, which spans the
frequency range of approximately 12 GHz to 14 GHz. Used by
communications satellites. Preferred for DTH applications because
this range of frequency is less susceptible to interference.
LAN
Local Area Network: A network, which provides facilities for
communications within a defined building or group of buildings in
close proximity.
L-band
The frequency band from 950 MHz to 2150 MHz, which is the
normal input-frequency-range of a domestic IRD. The incoming
signal from the satellite is down-converted to L-band by the LNB.
LED
Light Emitting Diode.
LNB
Low Noise Block Down-Converter: The component of a subscriber
satellite transmission receiving dish which amplifies the incoming
signal and down-converts it to a suitable frequency to input to the
IRD (typically 950 MHz - 1600 MHz).
LO
Local Oscillator.
lsb
Least significant bit.
Luminance
The television signal representing brightness, or the amount of light
at any point in a picture. The Y in YCRCB.
LVDS
Low Voltage Differential Signal: LVDS is a generic multi-purpose
Interface standard for high speed / low power data transmission. It
was standardized in ANSI/TIA/EIA-644-1995 Standard (aka RS644).
Macroblock
A 16x16-pixel area of the TV picture. Most processing within the
MPEG domain takes place with macro blocks. These are converted
to four 8x8 blocks using either frame DCT or field DCT. Four 8 x 8
blocks of luminance data and two (4:2:0 chrominance format), four
(4:2:2) or eight (4:4:4) corresponding 8 x 8 blocks of chrominance
data coming from a 16 x 16 section of the luminance component of
the picture. Macroblock can be used to refer to the sample data and
to the coded representation of the sample values and other data
elements.
Mbps
Million bits per second.
MCC
Multiplex Control Computer: A component of a System 3000
compression system. The MCC sets up the configuration for the
System 3000 Multiplexers under its control. The MCC controls both
the main and backup Multiplexer for each transport stream.
MCPC
Multiple Channels Per Carrier.
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
Glossary
MEM
Multiplex Element Manager: A GUI-based control system, part of the
range of Ericsson compression system control element products.
The evolution 5000 MEM holds a model of the system hardware.
Using this model, it controls the individual system elements to
configure the output multiplexes from the incoming elementary
streams. The MEM monitors the equipment status and controls any
redundancy switching.
Meta-data
Meta-data is descriptive data that is "tagged" to a movie or audio
clip. Meta-data is essential for the broadcaster.
MMDS
Multichannel Microwave Distribution System: A terrestrial microwave
direct-to-home broadcast transmission system.
Motion
Compensation
The use of motion vectors to improve the efficiency of the prediction
of sample values. The prediction uses motion vectors to provide
offsets into the past and/or future reference frames or fields
containing previously decoded sample values that are used to form
the prediction error signal.
Motion Estimation
The process of estimating motion vectors in the encoding process.
Motion Vector
A two-dimensional vector used for motion compensation that
provides an offset from the coordinate position in the current picture
or field to the coordinates in a reference frame or field.
MP@ML
Main Profile at Main Level: A subset of the MPEG-2 standard, which
supports digital video storage (DVD etc.) and transmissions up to 15
Mbps over various mediums.
MP@HL
Main Profile at High Level: A subset of the MPEG-2 standard, which
supports digital video storage (DVD etc.) and transmissions up to 80
Mbps over various mediums.
MPEG
Moving Pictures Experts Group: The name of the ISO/IEC working
group which sets up the international standards for digital television
source coding.
MPEG-2
Industry standard for video and audio source coding using
compression and multiplexing techniques to minimize video signal
bit rate in preparation for broadcasting. Specified in ISO/IEC 13818.
The standard is split into layers and profiles defining bit rates and
picture resolutions.
MPLS
Multi-protocol Label Switching. A Quality of Service mechanism for
IP networks that allow IP packets to flow along a predefined path in
a network, improving the reliability and robustness of the
transmission.
MPTS
Multi-Program Transport Streams. Transport Streams that carry
multiple TV/Radio services.
msb
Most significant bit.
Msymbol/s
6
(Msym/s) Mega (million) Symbols per second (10 Symbols per
second).
Multiplex
A number of discrete data streams (typically 8 to 12), from
encoders, that are compressed together in a single DVB compliant
transport stream for delivery to a Modulator.
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A-11
Glossary
Multicast
An IP mechanism that allows transmission of data to multiple
receivers. A multicast can also have several transmit sources
simultaneously. In video applications, multicast is typically used to
distribute a video signal from a central source to multiple
destinations.
MUSICAM
Masking pattern adapted Universal Sub-band Integrated Coding
And Multiplexing: An audio bit rate reduction system relying on subband coding and psychoacoustic masking.
Mux
Multiplexer: Transmission Multiplexer: receives EMMs from the
ACC, ECMs from the BCC, video/audio data from the encoders, and
the SI stream from the SIC. It then multiplexes them all into a single
DVB-compliant transport stream, and delivers the signal to the
uplink after modulation.
The Multiplexer also contains the cipher card, which scrambles the
services according to the control words supplied by the BCC.
A-12
Network
In the context of broadcasting: a collection of MPEG-2 transport
stream multiplexes transmitted on a single delivery system, for
example, all digital channels on a specific cable system.
NICAM
Near Instantaneously Companded Audio Multiplex: Official name is
NICAM 728. Used for digital stereo sound broadcasting in the UK
employing compression techniques to deliver very near CD quality
audio. 728 refers to the bit rate in kbps.
NIT
Network Information Table: Part of the service information data. The
NIT provides information about the physical organization of each
transport stream multiplex, and the characteristics of the network
itself (such as the actual frequencies and modulation being used).
nm
-9
Nanometer: a unit of length equal to one thousand millionth (10 ) of
a meter.
NMS
Network Management System. A system used to supervise
elements in an IP network. When a device reports an alarm, the
alarm will be collected by the NMS and reported to the operator.
NMS systems typically collect valuable statistics information about
the network performance and can warn the operator early.
NTSC
National Television Systems Committee: The group, which
developed analogue standards used in television broadcast systems
in the United States. Also adopted in other countries (e.g. Mexico,
Canada, Japan). This system uses 525 picture lines and a 59.97 Hz
field frequency.
NVOD
Near Video On-Demand: Method of offering multiple showings of
movies or events. The showings are timed to start at set intervals,
determined by the broadcaster. Each showing of a movie or event
can be sold to subscribers separately.
NVRAM
Non-volatile Random Access Memory: Memory devices (permitting
random read / write access) that do not lose their information when
power is removed. Stores the default configuration parameters set
by the user.
ODU
Outdoor Unit
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
Glossary
OFDM
Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplex: A modulation technique
used for digital TV transmission in Europe, Japan and Australia;
more spectrally efficient than FDM. In OFDM, data is distributed
over a large number of carriers spaced apart at precise frequencies.
The carriers are arranged with overlapping sidebands in such a way
that the signals can be received without adjacent channel
interference.
OPPV
Order ahead Pay Per View: An advance purchase of encrypted onetime events with an expiry date.
OSD
On-screen display: Messages and graphics, typically originating
from the SMS, and displayed on the subscriber’s TV screen by the
IRD, to inform the subscriber of problems or instruct the subscriber
to contact the SMS.
Packet
A unit of data transmitted over a packet switching network. A packet
consists of a header followed by a number of contiguous bytes from
an elementary data stream.
PAL
Phase Alternating Line: A color TV broadcasting system where the
phase of the R-Y color-difference signal is inverted on every
alternate line to average out errors providing consistent color
reproduction.
PAT
Program Association Table: Part of the MPEG-2 Program Specific
Information (PSI) data and is mandatory for MPEG-2 compliance.
The PAT points (maps) to the PMT.
PCM
Pulse Code Modulation: A process in which a signal is sampled,
each sample is quantized independently of other samples, and the
resulting succession of quantized values is encoded into a digital
signal.
PCR
Program Clock Reference: A time stamp in the transport stream
from which the Decoder timing is derived.
PDC
Program Delivery Control: A Teletext service allowing simple
programming (i.e. VideoPlus) of VCR recording times. If the desired
program is rescheduled, PDC updates the programming information
in the VCR.
Pel
Picture Element: Also known as a pixel. The smallest resolvable
rectangular area of an image either on a screen or stored in
memory. On-screen, pixels are made up of one or more dots of
color. Monochrome and grey-scale systems use one dot per pixel.
For grey-scale, the pixel is energized with different intensities,
creating a range from dark to light (a scale of 0-255 for an eight-bit
pixel). Color systems use a red, green and blue dot per pixel, each
of which is energized to different intensities, creating a range of
colors perceived as the mixture of these dots. If all three dots are
dark, the result is black. If all three dots are bright, the result is
white.
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
A-13
Glossary
A-14
PES
Packetized Elementary Stream: A sequential stream of data bytes
that has been converted from original elementary streams of audio
and video access units and transported as packets. Each PES
packet consists of a header and a payload of variable length and
subject to a maximum of 64 Kbytes. A time stamp is provided by the
MPEG-2 systems layer to ensure correct synchronization between
related elementary streams at the Decoder.
PID
Packet Identifier: the header on a packet in an elementary data
stream, which identifies that data stream. An MPEG-2 / DVB
standard.
PIN
Personal Identification Number: A password used to control access
to programming and to set purchase limits. Each subscriber
household can activate several PINs and may use them to set
individual parental rating or spending limits for each family member.
Pixel
PIX (picture) Element: The digital representation of the smallest
area of a television picture capable of being delineated by the
bit-stream. See Pel for more information.
pk-pk
peak to peak: Measurement of a signal or waveform from its most
negative point to its most positive point.
PLL
Phase-Locked Loop. A phase-locked loop is a control system which
controls the rotation of an object by comparing its rotational position
(phase) with another rotating object as in the case of a sine wave or
other repeating signal. This type of control system can synchronize
not only the speed, but also the angular position of two waveforms
that are not derived from the same source.
PMT
Program Map Table: Part of the MPEG-2 Program Specific
Information (PSI) data and is mandatory for MPEG-2 compliance.
Each service has a PMT, which lists the component parts
(elementary streams of video, audio, etc.) for the various services
being transmitted.
P-picture/P-frame
A picture / frame produced using forward prediction. It contains
predictions from either previous I frames or previous P frames. The
P frame is used as a reference for future P or B frames.
ppm
Parts per million.
PPV
Pay Per View: A system of payment for viewing services based on a
usage / event basis rather than on on-going subscription.
Subscribers must purchase viewing rights for each PPV event that
they wish to view. PPV events may be purchased as IPPV or OPPV.
Program
PC - A sequence of instructions for a computer.
TV - A concept having a precise definition within ISO 13818-1
(MPEG-2). For a transport stream, the timebase is defined by the
PCR. The use of the PCR for timing information creates a virtual
channel within the stream.
Programme
A linking of one or more events under the control of a broadcaster.
For example, football match, news, film show. In the MPEG-2
concept, the collection of elementary streams comprising the
programme, have a common start and end time. A series of
programmes are referred to as events.
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
Glossary
PRPB
Analogue Color difference signals. Refer to CRCB for an explanation.
PROM
Programmable Read-Only Memory: A device, which may be written
once with data for permanent storage, and then read whenever
required. Special types of PROM permit the erasure of all data by
Ultraviolet light (EPROM) or by application of an electronic signal
(EEPROM).
PS
Program Stream: A combination of one or more PESs with a
common timebase.
PSI
Program Specific Information: Consists of normative data, which is
necessary for the de-multiplexing of transport streams and the
successful regeneration of programs (see also: SI).
PSIP
Program System Information Protocol: The ATSC equivalent of SI
for DVB.
PSK
Phase Shift Keying: A method of modulating digital signals
particularly suited to satellite transmission.
PSR
Professional Satellite Receiver: See also: IRD.
PSU
Power Supply Unit.
QAM
Quadrature Amplitude Modulation: A method of modulating digital
signals, which uses combined techniques of phase modulation and
amplitude modulation. It is particularly suited to cable networks.
QoS
Quality of Service. A common term for a set of parameters
describing the quality you get from an IP network: Throughput,
availability, delay, jitter and packet loss.
QPSK
Quadrature Phase Shift Keying: A form of phase shift keying
modulation using four states.
QSIF
Quarter Screen Image Format.
Quantise
A process of converting analogue waveforms to digital information.
8-bit quantization as set out in ITU-R Rec. 601. Uses 256 levels in
the range 0 – 255 to determine the analogue waveform value at any
given point. The value is then converted to a digital number for
processing in the digital domain.
RAM
Random Access Memory: A volatile storage device for digital data.
Data may be written to, or read from, the device as often as
required. When power is removed, the data it contains is lost.
RAS
Remote Authorization System: A Ericsson proprietary public-key
encryption system used to prevent unauthorized viewing of a TV
programme or programmes.
RF
Radio Frequency.
RGB
Red, Green, Blue: The Chroma information in a video signal.
RIP2
Routing Information Protocol v2. A protocol used between network
routers to exchange routing tables and information.
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A-15
Glossary
A-16
ROM
Read Only Memory: A non-volatile storage device for digital data.
Data has been stored permanently in this device. No further
information may be stored (written) there and the data it holds
cannot be erased. Data may be read as often as required.
RS
Reed-Solomon coding: An error detection and correction, coding
system. 16 bytes of Reed-Solomon Forward Error Correction code
are appended to the packet before transmission bringing the packet
length to 204 bytes. The 16 bytes are used at the receiving end to
correct any errors. Up to eight corrupted bytes can be corrected.
RSVP
ReSerVation Protocol. A Quality-of-service oriented protocol used
by network elements to reserve capacity in an IP network before a
transmission takes place.
RTP
Real-time Transfer Protocol. A protocol designed for transmission of
real-time data like video and audio over IP networks. RTP is used
for most video over IP transmissions.
RLC
Run Length Coding: Minimization of the length of a bit-stream by
replacing repeated characters with an instruction of the form ‘repeat
character x y times’.
SCPC
Single Channel Per Carrier.
Spectral
Scrambling
A process (in digital transmission) used to combine a digital signal
with a pseudo-random sequence, producing a randomized digital
signal that conveys the original information in a form optimized for a
broadcast channel.
Scrambling
Alteration of the characteristics of a television signal in order to
prevent unauthorized reception of the information in clear form.
SDI
Serial Digital Interface.
SDT
Service Description Table: Provides information in the SI stream
about the services in the system; for example, the name of the
service, the service provider, etc.
SDTI
Serial Data Transport Interface. A mechanism that allows
transmission of various types of data over an SDI signal. This may
be one or more compressed video signals or other proprietary data
types. The advantage of SDTI is that existing SDI transmission
infrastructure can be used to transport other types of data.
SELV
Safety Extra Low Voltage (EN 60950).
SFP
Small Form-factor Pluggable module. A standardized mechanism to
allow usage of various optical interfaces for Gigabit Ethernet.
Several types of SFP modules exist: Single-mode fiber modules for
long-distance transmission and multi-mode fiber modules for shorter
distances. SFP is also known as "mini-GBIC".
SIP
Session Initiation Protocol. A common acronym for the ongoing
effort to standardize signalling over IP networks, i.e. connection
set-up and tear-down. SIP makes it possible to "dial" a remote
receiver of data and set-up the connection in this way.
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
Glossary
STB
Set-Top Box: A box that sits on top of a television set and is the
interface between the home television and the cable TV company.
New technologies evolving for set-top boxes are video-on-demand,
video games, educational services, database searches, and home
shopping. The cable equivalent of the IRD.
SFN
Single Frequency Network: The SFN technique allows large
geographic areas to be served with a common transmission
multiplex. All transmitters in the network are synchronously
modulated with the same signal and they all radiate on the same
frequency. Due to the multi-path capability of the multi-carrier
transmission system (COFDM), signals from several transmitters
arriving at a receiving antenna may contribute constructively to the
total wanted signal. The SFN technique is not only frequency
efficient but also power efficient because fades in the field strength
of one transmitter may be filled by another transmitter.
SI
Service Information: Digital information describing the delivery
system, content and scheduling (timing) of broadcast data streams.
DVB-SI data provides information to enable the IRD to automatically
demultiplex and decode the various streams of programmes within
the multiplex. Specified in ISO/IEC 13818[1]. (DVB)
Single Packet Burst A burst of ASI bytes (either 188 or 204, depending on packet length)
is contiguously grouped into an MPEG-2 transport stream packet.
Mode
Stuffing data is added between the packets to increase the data rate
to 270 Mbps. See DVB Document A010 rev. 1, Section B3.3, (ASI)
Layer-2 Transport Protocol.
Smart Card
A plastic card with a built-in microprocessor and memory used for
identification, financial transactions or other authorizing data
transfer. When inserted into a reader, data is transferred to and from
the host machine or a central computer. It is more secure than a
magnetic stripe card and it can be disabled if the wrong password is
entered too many times. As a financial transaction card, it can be
loaded with digital money and used in the same way as cash until
the balance reaches zero. The file protocol is specific to its intended
application.
SMATV
Satellite Mast Antenna Television: A distribution system, which
provides sound and television signals to the households of a
building or group of buildings, typically used to refer to an apartment
block.
SMPTE
Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers.
SMS
Subscriber Management System: A system which handles the
maintenance, billing, control and general supervision of subscribers
to conditional access technology viewing services provided through
cable and satellite broadcasting. An SMS can be an automatic (e.g.
Syntellect) system where subscribers order entitlements by entering
information via a telephone. Alternatively, an SMS can be a manual
system, which requires subscribers to speak with an operator who
then manually enters their entitlement requests. Some systems
support multiple SMSs.
SNG
Satellite News-Gathering.
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol.
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A-17
Glossary
SNTP
Simple Network Time Protocol is an Internet protocol used to
synchronize the clocks of computers to some time reference. It is a
simplified version of the protocol NTP protocol which is too
complicated for many systems.
Spatial Redundancy Information repetition due to areas of similar luminance and/or
chrominance characteristics within a single frame. Removed using
DCT and Quantization (Intra-Frame Coding).
A-18
SPI
Synchronous Parallel Interface.
Statistical
Redundancy
Data tables are used to assign fewer bits to the most commonly
occurring events, thereby reducing the overall bit rate. Removed
using Run Length Coding and Variable Length Coding.
TAXI
Transparent Asynchronous Tx / Rx Interface: A proprietary high
speed data interface.
TCP / IP
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol: A set of
communications protocols that may be used to connect different
types of computers over networks.
TDM
Time Division Multiplex: One common, communications channel
carrying a number of signals, each with its own allotted time slot.
TDT
Time and Date Table: Part of the DVB Service Information. The TDT
gives information relating to the present time and date.
Temporal
Redundancy
Information repetition due to areas of little or no movement between
successive frames. Removed using motion estimation and
compensation (Inter-Frame Coding).
Time stamp
A term that indicates the time of a specific action such as the arrival
of a byte or the presentation of a presentation unit.
TOT
Time Offset Table: This optional SI table supports the use of local
offsets as well as the UTC time/date combination. The purpose of
the table is to list by country the current offset from UTC and the
next expected change to that offset (to track when daylight saving
occurs). The offset resolution is to within 1 minute over a range of
±12 hours from UTC.
Transport Stream
A set of packetized elementary data streams and SI streams, which
may comprise more than one programme, but with common
synchronization and error protection. The data structure is defined in
ISO/IEC 13818-1 [1] and is the basis of the ETSI Digital Video
Broadcasting standards.
Transport Stream
Packet Header
A data structure used to convey information about the transport
stream payload.
TS
Transport Stream.
TSDT
Transport Stream Descriptor Table: A component of the MPEG-2
PSI data. This table describes which type of Transport stream it is in
(i.e. DVB, ATSC etc.). It may also contain other descriptors.
TSP
Transport Stream Processor.
U
44.45 mm (rack height standard).
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
Glossary
UART
Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter: A device providing a
serial interface for transmitting and receiving data.
UDP
User Datagram Protocol. A protocol above the IP layer that provides
port multiplexing in addition. In essence, you can transmit IP data
packets to several receiving processes in the same unit/device.
Unicast
Point-to-point connection, i.e. the "opposite" of multicast which is
one to many (or many to many). In this mode, a transmit unit sends
video data direct to a unique destination address.
Upconvert
The process by which the frequency of a broadcast transport stream
is shifted to a higher frequency range.
Uplink
The part of the communications satellite circuit that extends from the
Earth to the satellite.
UPS
Uninterruptable Power Supply: A method of supplying backup power
when the electrical power fails or drops to an unacceptable voltage
level. Small UPS systems provide battery power for a few minutes;
enough to power down the computer in an orderly manner. This is
particularly important where write back cache is used. Write back
cache is where modified data intended for the disk is temporarily
stored in RAM and can be lost in the event of a power failure.
Sophisticated systems are tied to electrical generators that can
provide power for days. UPS systems typically provide surge
suppression and may provide voltage regulation.
UTC
Universal Time Coordinate: An internationally agreed basis for
timekeeping introduced in 1972 and based on international atomic
time (corresponds to Greenwich Mean Time or GMT).
VITC
Vertical Interval Time Code.
VITS
Vertical Interval Test Signal: See: ITS.
VLAN
Virtual LAN, a network of units that behave as if they are connected
to the same wire even though they may actually be physically
located on different segments of a LAN.
VPS
Video Programming System: A German precursor to PDC
WSS
Wide Screen Switching: Data used in wide-screen analogue
services, which enables a receiver to select the appropriate picture
display mode.
WST
World System Teletext: System B Teletext. Used in 625 line / 50 Hz
television systems
(ITU-R 653).
XILINX
A type of programmable Integrated Circuit.
XLR
Audio connector featuring three leads, two for signal and one for
GND.
XML
eXtensible Markup Language. A very common self-describing textbased data format. Used for many purposes: Meta-data,
configuration files, documents, etc. The readability of the format has
made it very popular and is now the fundament for many types of
WEB services.
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A-19
Glossary
A-20
Y (Luminance)
Defines the brightness of a particular point on a TV line. The only
signal required for black and white pictures.
Y/C
Broadcast video with separate color, Y (luminance) and C (Chroma)
(sometimes called S-Video).
YUV
Y: Luminance component (Brightness), U and V: Chrominance
(Color difference)
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
B
Technical Specification
Annex B
Contents
B.1
B.2
B.2.1
B.2.2
B.2.3
B.2.4
B.2.5
B.2.5.1
B.2.5.2
B.2.5.3
B.3
B.3.1
B.3.2
B.3.3
B.4
B.5
B.6
B.6.1
B.6.2
B.6.3
B.6.4
B.6.5
B.6.6
B.6.7
B.6.8
B.6.8.1
B.6.8.2
B.6.9
B.6.9.1
B.6.9.2
B.6.10
B.7
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
Unit Specification..................................................................................B-3
Rear Panel Connectors ........................................................................B-4
Ethernet Data .......................................................................................B-4
SFP Mini-GBIC Module Data................................................................B-4
RF Output .............................................................................................B-5
Modulator Characteristics .....................................................................B-7
Ethernet Control ...................................................................................B-7
Connector Specification........................................................................B-7
User Control Interfaces.........................................................................B-8
Control Parameters ..............................................................................B-8
Power Supply .....................................................................................B-10
AC Power Supply Specification ..........................................................B-10
AC Fuse Information...........................................................................B-10
DC Supply Input (-48 V DC Version) ..................................................B-11
Physical Details ..................................................................................B-11
Environmental Conditions...................................................................B-12
Compliance.........................................................................................B-12
Safety .................................................................................................B-12
EMC....................................................................................................B-12
Telecommunications...........................................................................B-13
CE Marking.........................................................................................B-13
C-Tick Mark ........................................................................................B-13
Packaging Statement .........................................................................B-14
Packaging Markings ...........................................................................B-14
Materials Declarations ........................................................................B-15
For the European Union .....................................................................B-15
For China............................................................................................B-15
Equipment Disposal............................................................................B-16
General...............................................................................................B-16
For the European Union .....................................................................B-16
Recycling ............................................................................................B-16
Cable Types .......................................................................................B-17
B-1
Technical Specification
List of Tables
Table B.1
Table B.2
Table B.3
Table B.4
Table B.5
Table B.6
Table B.7
Table B.8
Table B.9
Table B.10
Table B.11
Table B.12
Table B.13
Table B.14
B-2
EQ8096 Unit Specification ................................................................... B-3
Ethernet Data Connector...................................................................... B-4
SFP GBIC Data Connector .................................................................. B-4
RF Output Connector ........................................................................... B-5
RF Performance Specification.............................................................. B-5
Modulator Characteristics..................................................................... B-7
Ethernet Control Connector.................................................................. B-7
Control Parameters .............................................................................. B-8
AC Power Supply Specification.......................................................... B-10
AC Fuse Type and Rating .................................................................. B-10
DC Power Supply Specification.......................................................... B-11
Physical Details .................................................................................. B-11
Environmental Specification ............................................................... B-12
Suitable Signal Cable Types .............................................................. B-17
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
Technical Specification
B.1
Unit Specification
The EQ8096 Unit specification is shown in Table B.1. This may be subject to
change with further development.
Table B.1 EQ8096 Unit Specification
Inputs
Item
Specification
Gigabyte Ethernet
Interface
4 x Redundant pair RJ-45 or optional 4 x Redundant pair
SFP (Small Form-Factor Pluggable).
Capability
Process up to 4 fully loaded Gigabit Ethernet link
simultaneously.
Up to 4096 CBR or VBR single program Transport
Streams
Support for a single multi-program Transport Stream
per QAM
Support for Service dropping and PID
filtering/remapping
Support for multiplexing up to 4 SPTSs into an MPTS
Stream encapsulation in UDP (RFC 768) or RTP (RFC
3550)
Up to seven Transport Stream packets per IP datagram
Removes up to ±60 ms input jitter
Supports DOCSIS 3.0 DEPI MPT and PSP modes of
data encapsulation
Supports DTI Timestamp insertion and restamping
Support for unicast and multicast flows
PSIG support
Outputs
Processing
RF Performance
Refer to Table B.5
Modulation
Characteristics
Refer to Table B.6
Dejittering of each incoming Transport Stream
Extraction of incoming PSI
PID remapping
Automatic generation and insertion of outgoing PSI
tables
MPEG-2 multiplexing of up to 96 multiple program
Transport Streams in accordance with ISO/IEC 138181
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
B-3
Technical Specification
Item
Specification
Insertion of SI/Data streams into any output Transport
Stream.
Internal Packet Replication offering ‘Any to Many’
architecture.
Control
Dedicated 10/100 Ethernet control port (RJ-45)
redundant pair
Dedicated 10/100 Ethernet Conditional Access port
(RJ-45) redundant pair
SNMPv1,2 and HTTP control
RS-232 port for basic configuration
Complete configuration possible with a single file
download to ease large deployments
B.2
Rear Panel Connectors
B.2.1
Ethernet Data
The Ethernet Data connector specification is shown in Table B.2.
Table B.2 Ethernet Data Connector
B.2.2
Item
Specification
Safety status
SELV
Connector designation
1000BaseT
Connector type
8-way, RJ-45 socket 2 x 4 port.
Signal type
1000BaseT Ethernet
Data rate
Line rate
SFP Mini-GBIC Module Data
The Small Form-factor Pluggable (SFP) Gigabit Interface Converter (GBIC) Data
connector (when option fitted) specification is shown in Table B.3.
Table B.3 SFP GBIC Data Connector
B-4
Item
Specification
Safety status
SELV
Connector designation
SFP GBIC 1 / SFP GBIC 2
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
Technical Specification
Item
Specification
Connector type
Small Formfactor Pluggable (SFP) transceiver socket
(INF-8074I – Rev 1.0) 2 x 4 port
Module types supported
Fiber and electrical
This connector takes the form of a cage, with electrical connections, into which up to
8 pluggable adapters can be inserted. The adapter configures the interface to
accept specific fiber optic used in a system.
B.2.3
RF Output
The RF outputs have the physical specification shown in Table B.4.
Table B.4 RF Output Connector
Item
Specification
Safety status
SELV
Connector type
F-type female, single-D
Connector designation
RF n
Output impedance
75 Ω
The RF Output connectors conform to the RF performance requirements defined in
Table B.5.
Table B.5 RF Performance Specification
Parameter
Requirement
Number of RF channels per RF output
socket
6 MHz: 1, 2, 3, 4 switchable
8 MHz: 1, 2, 3, 4 switchable
Modulation type
64QAM, 256QAM
Symbol rate
Annex A: User definable
Annex B 64QAM: 5.056941 Msym/s
Annex B 256QAM: 5.360537 Msym/s
BER
< 10e-10
I/Q amplitude imbalance
< 0.1 dB (i.e. <1%)
I/Q phase imbalance
< 0.1 deg
Centre frequency range for any RF channel
57-867 MHz (57-999 MHz available when
1GHz licensed on unit)
Centre frequency step size
1 kHz (10kHz from GUI)
Centre frequency accuracy
< ±500 Hz over 0 to 50°C for up to 10 years
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
B-5
Technical Specification
Parameter
Requirement
Maximum RF Output power per channel
N=1: 60 dBmV
N=2: 56 dBmV (i.e. 59 dBmV total power)
N=3: 54 dBmV (i.e. 58.8 dBmV total power)
N=4: 52 dBmV (i.e. 58 dBmV total power)
RF Output power adjustment
8 dB range. All channels have the same
output power
Level adjustment steps
0.1 dB (monotonic)
Absolute RF Output power accuracy per
channel
±2 dB
RF Output level drift over temperature and
time relative to median at that channel
±1.0dB
Phase noise
1–10 kHz: <-33 dBc DSB
10–50 kHz: <-51 dBc DSB
50–3000 kHz: <-51 dBc DSB
Output Return loss
>14 dB 50-870 MHz
>10 dB 35-50 MHz and 870-1002 MHz
Adjacent channel (750 kHz from channel
block edge to Bsys MHz from channel
block edge)
6 MHz N=1/2/3/4: <-62/-60/-60/-60 dBc
8 MHz N=1/2/3: <-60.5/-59/-58.5 dBc
Next-adjacent channel (Bsys MHz from
channel block edge to 2Bsys MHz from
channel block edge)
6 MHz N=1/2/3/4: <-65/-64/-63.5/-63 dBc
8 MHz N=1/2/3: <-63.5/-63/-62.5 dBc
Third-adjacent channel (2Bsys MHz from
channel block edge to 3Bsys MHz from
channel block edge)
6 MHz N=1/2/3/4: <-73/-70/-67/-65 dBc
8 MHz N=1/2/3: <-71.5/-68.5/-65.5 dBc
Noise in other channels (47 MHz to 1000
MHz) Measured in each Bsys MHz channel
excluding: a) Desired channel(s). b) 1st,
2nd, and 3rd adjacent channels. c)
Channels coinciding with 2nd and 3rd
harmonics
6 MHz N=1/2/3/4: <-73/-70/-68/-67 dBc
8 MHz N=1/2/3: <-71.5/-68.5/-66.5 dBc
In each of 2N contiguous Bsys MHz
channels or in each of 3N contiguous Bsys
MHz channels coinciding with 2nd
harmonic and with 3rd harmonic
components respectively (up to 1000 MHz)
<-63 dBc
Where fc = carrier frequency, fw = individual channel bandwidth.
There is no support for individually setting the output power of each individual
channel in a group. There is no support for individually setting the modulation
parameters of each channel.
B-6
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
Technical Specification
B.2.4
Modulator Characteristics
The EQ8096 modulator assembly conforms to the specification defined in Table B.6.
Table B.6 Modulator Characteristics
Parameter
Specification
Number of QAM modulators per output
4
Specification
ITU-T J.83 Annex A/B/C
Modulation type
64, 256 QAM DOCSIS 3.0
Square-root Nyquist filtering
32-tap filter, stop band attenuation min. 60 dB
DAC (digital-to-analogue converter)
14 bit D/A
FEC
According to ITU-T J.83 annex A/B/C
Symbol rate
DOCSIS 3.0
Modulation data rate
max. 57.6 Mbps (incl. FEC)
MER
DOCSIS 3.0
BER
< 10e-10
I/Q amplitude imbalance
< 0.1 dB
I/Q phase imbalance
< 0.1 deg
Channel bandwidth
6 or 8 MHz
B.2.5
Ethernet Control
B.2.5.1
Connector Specification
The Ethernet Data connector specification is shown in Table B.7.
Table B.7 Ethernet Control Connector
Item
Specification
Safety status
SELV
Connector designation
10/100/1000 Control
Connector type
8-way, RJ-45 socket
Signal type
10/100BaseT Control
Data type
Control only
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
B-7
Technical Specification
B.2.5.2
User Control Interfaces
The EQ8096 support control of user configurable parameters and the reporting of
status and alarms via SNMP, Telnet, RS-232 and HTTP.
Caution!
Only qualified Ericsson Field Service personnel shall use the telnet interface.
This exclusion does not exclude the use of the interface for setting the initial control
port IP address.
Only one Telnet connection to the card is permitted at any time. Simultaneous
control and monitoring from the Telnet, SNMP and HTTP interfaces is supported.
Where appropriate, user control parameter changes and status parameter changes
are reflected simultaneously on all control interfaces.
B.2.5.3
Control Parameters
All user control parameters are stored in non-volatile memory to allow restoration
from power up with no user intervention. Table B.8 provides a list of all user control
parameters that are directly related to the MPEG over IP application.
Table B.8 Control Parameters
Parameter
Range
Default value
Data port Physical
interface
1000BaseTX: GBIC
1000BaseTX
Time server IP
address
XXX:XXX:XXX:XXX
0.0.0.0
Time server control
ENABLED: DISABLED
DISABLED
Time:
Hours
0..23
0
Entered as a compete
set of parameters.
Time shall auto
increment once
entered, or be
overwritten if a timeserver is enabled and
connected.
Minutes
0..59
0
Date
1..31
1
Month
1..12
1
Year
1900…
2008
MAC layer CRC
control
ENABLED: DISABLED
DISABLED
Transport Stream ID
for each generated
PAT
0..65535
1..96
96 entries
B-8
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
Technical Specification
Parameter
Range
Default value
Modulation configuration. Parameters to be used to configure all Modulated outputs.
Mode
Annex A
Annex B
Annex C
Annex A
Annex A
Annex B
Annex C
Annex A
Annex B
Annex C
64QAM
64QAM
64QAM
64QAM
64QAM
64QAM
256QAM
256QAM
256QAM
Symbol Rate
(MSym/s) with
resolution of
1 symbol/sec
Fixed
Fixed
Fixed
6.952
64QAM:
5.056941
64QAM:
5.350
256QAM:
5.360537
256QAM:
5.350
Interleaving Depth (I,J)
(12,17)
(Fixed)
(64,2)
(12,17)
Constellation
(128,1)
(64,2)
(12,17)
(Fixed)
(12,17)
(32,4)
(16,8)
(8,16)
(128,2)
(128,3)
(128,4)
(128,5)
(128,6)
(128,7)
(128,8)
RF Output
Configuration.
An entry for each RF
connector (3)
Centre RF output
frequency for
carrier 1 (MHz)
with resolution of
10 kHz
57-855 (996
when 1GHz
license
enabled)
57
RF output level
(dBmv) with
resolution of
0.1 dBmV
44..58
44
Channel number
1..4
1..4
Channel mode
ON
OFF
(RF output
status)
OFF
Test
Dual Tone
ENABLED,
DISABLED
Software watchdog
reset
ENABLED
ENABLED, DISABLED
DISABLED
Activate Unit reset
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
B-9
Technical Specification
B.3
Power Supply
B.3.1
AC Power Supply Specification
This equipment can be fitted with two power supplies allowing for 1 + 1 redundancy.
It is suitable for supply voltages of 100-240 V AC –10% +6% at 50/60 Hz nominal.
Table B.9 AC Power Supply Specification
B.3.2
Item
Specification
Power distribution
system
Type TN ONLY (EN 60950-1 Annex V): Power distribution
system which is directly earthed, the parts of the equipment
required to be earth being connected by Protective Earthing
Conductors. This equipment must NOT be used with
single-phase three-wire and PE, TT or IT Type Power
distribution systems.
Connection to supply
Pluggable Equipment Type A (EN 60950-1 para 1.2.5):
Equipment which is intended for connection to the building
power supply wiring via a non-industrial plug and socket-outlet or
a non-industrial appliance Coupler or both. Correct mains
polarity must always be observed. Do not use reversible plugs
with this equipment.
Class of equipment
Class I Equipment (EN 60950-1 para 1.2.4): electric shock
protection by basic insulation and protective earth.
Rated voltage
100-240 V AC (single phase)
Rated frequency
50/60 Hz
Voltage selection
Wide-ranging
Rated current
4.5 A – 2.5 A (100-240 V AC range)
Input connector
CEE 22/IEC 3-pin male receptacle
PSU power
consumption
410 W maximum (Single PSU)
AC Fuse Information
Table B.10 AC Fuse Type and Rating
Power Supply
Fuse Type and Rating
AC fuse
Fuse in live conductor in mains input filter
Do not use reversible plugs with this equipment.
AC fuse type
5 A, 250 V, 5x20 mm time delay (T) 1500 A breaking capacity
(HBC) IEC/EN 60127-2 Sheet 5
e.g. Bussmann S505 or Littelfuse 215
B-10
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
Technical Specification
B.3.3
DC Supply Input (-48 V DC Version)
Notes: Only models M2/---/-----/48V and M2/---/-----/48V use a DC power supply.
Ensure correct polarity is maintained.
The unit must have a protective earth.
Table B.11 DC Power Supply Specification
Item
Specification
Rated voltage:
For connection to –48 V DC supplies only.
(PSU input tolerance –42 to –60 V DC). Correct polarity must
always be observed.
Rated current:
9A
Input connector:
The following parts from AMP or Molex may be used (see
Figure 2.4):
AMP Universal MATE-N-LOK
Housing: AMP no. 1-480700-0
Female terminal (3 needed per housing): AMP no. 926901-1
Molex MLX
Housing: Molex no. 50-84-1030
Female terminal (3 needed per housing): Molex no. 02-08-1002
DC fuse type and
rating:
Fuse in –48 V DC connector (see Figure 2.3) at rear of unit.
Bussmann S505
Littelfuse 215
5x20 mm time delay (T) 1500A breaking capacity (HBC)
IEC/EN 60127-2 Sheet 5
10 A 250 V T HBC
Power consumption
B.4
410 W maximum
Physical Details
Table B.12 Physical Details
Item
Specification
Height
89 mm chassis (2RU)
Width
483 mm including fixing brackets
Overall width
482.6 mm including fixing brackets
Depth
543 mm excluding rear connector clearance
Maximum weight
15 kg (33 lbs)
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
B-11
Technical Specification
B.5
Environmental Conditions
Table B.13 Environmental Specification
Item
Specification
Operational
Temperature:
0°C to +50°C ambient with free air-flow
Relative humidity:
0% to 90% (non-condensing)
Handling/movement:
Designed for fixed use when in operation
Storage/Transportation
Temperature:
−20°C to +70°C (−4°F to 158°F)
Relative humidity:
0% to 90% (non-condensing)
B.6
Compliance
B.6.1
Safety
1
This equipment has been designed and tested to meet the requirements of the
following:
B.6.2
EN 60950-1
European
Information technology equipment - Safety.
IEC 60950-1
International
Information technology equipment - Safety.
UL 60950-1
USA
Information Technology Equipment - Safety.
EMC 2
The equipment has been designed and tested to meet the following:
1
2
EN 55022
and
CISPR22
European
EN 61000-3-2 3
European
International
Emission Standard
Limits and methods of measurement of radio
frequency interference characteristics of
information technology equipment - Class A.
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC), Part 3
Limits; Section 2. Limits for harmonic current
emissions (equipment input current ≤ 16 A
per phase).
The version of the standards shown is that applicable at the time of manufacture.
The EMC tests were performed with the Technical Earth attached, and configured using recommended cables (see Table B.14).
B-12
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
Technical Specification
B.6.3
EN 61000-3-33
European
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC), Part 3.
Limits; Section 3. Limitation of voltage
fluctuations and flicker in low voltage supply
systems for equipment with rated current ≤
16 A.
EN 55024
European
Information technology equipment - Immunity
characteristics - Limits and methods of
measurement.
FCC
USA
Conducted and radiated emission limits for a
Class A digital device, pursuant to the Code
of Federal Regulations (CFR) Title
47-Telecommunications, Part 15: Radio
frequency devices, subpart B - Unintentional
Radiators.
Telecommunications
If certain Option Modules (telecom interfaces) are fitted, this equipment comes
within the scope of the RTTE Directive, 1999/5/EC. Compliance with the applicable
essential requirements of this Directive (safety and EMC) are met by conformance
with the safety and EMC standards listed above.
B.6.4
CE Marking
The CE mark is affixed to indicate compliance with the following directives:
DIRECTIVE 2006/95/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE
COUNCIL of 12 December 2006 on the harmonization of the laws of Member
States relating to electrical equipment designed for use within certain voltage
limits.
DIRECTIVE 2004/108/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE
COUNCIL of 15 December 2004 on the approximation of the laws of the
Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility
1999/5/EC of 9 March 1999 on radio equipment and telecommunications
terminal equipment and the mutual recognition of their conformity. (If fitted with
telecom type interface modules).
Note:
B.6.5
The CE mark was first affixed to this product in 2007.
C-Tick Mark
The C-Tick mark is affixed to denote compliance with the Australian
Radiocommunications (Compliance and Labelling – Incidental Emissions) Notice
made under s.182 of Radiocommunications Act 1992.
3
Applies only to models of the Product using ac power sources.
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
B-13
Technical Specification
Note:
B.6.6
The C-Tick mark was first affixed to this product in 2007.
Packaging Statement
The Stratocell ® or Ethafoam 220 ® polyethylene foam inserts can be easily
recycled with other low density polyethylene (LDPE) materials.
B.6.7
Packaging Markings
The symbols printed on the outer carton are described below:
Handle with care.
This way up.
Fragile.
Protect from moisture.
See Section B.6.4 for compliance with directives details.
See Section B.6.5 for compliance details.
Defines country of origin.
The packaging is reusable per GB 18455-2001.
This symbol guarantees that packaging with this symbol is
recyclable and will be accepted by cardboard recyclers.
Recyclable per GB 18455-2001.
B-14
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
Technical Specification
B.6.8
Materials Declarations
Ericsson’s products are designed and manufactured in keeping with good
environmental practice. Our component and materials selection policy prohibits the
use of a range of potentially hazardous materials. In addition, we comply with
relevant environmental legislation.
B.6.8.1
For the European Union
For products sold into the EU after 1st July 2006, we comply with the EU RoHS
Directive. We also comply with the WEEE Directive.
B.6.8.2
For China
For product sold into China after 1st March 2007, we comply with the “Administrative
Measure on the Control of Pollution by Electronic Information Products”. In the first
stage of this legislation, content of six hazardous materials has to be declared
together with a statement of the “Environmentally Friendly Use Period (EFUP)”: the
time the product can be used in normal service life without leaking the hazardous
materials. Ericsson expects the normal use environment to be in an equipment room
at controlled temperatures (around 22°C) with moderate humidity (around 60%) and
clean air, near sea level, not subject to vibration or shock.
Where an Ericsson product contains potentially hazardous materials, this is
indicated on the product by the appropriate symbol containing the EFUP. For
Ericsson products, the hazardous material content is limited to lead (Pb) in some
solders. This is extremely stable in normal use and the EFUP is taken as 50 years,
by comparison with the EFUP given for Digital Exchange/Switching Platform in
equipment in Appendix A of “General Rule of Environment-Friendly Use Period of
Electronic Information Products”. This is indicated by the product marking:
50
It is assumed that while the product is in normal use, any batteries associated with
real-time clocks or battery-backed RAM will be replaced at the regular intervals.
The EFUP relates only to the environmental impact of the product in normal use, it
does not imply that the product will continue to be supported for 50 years.
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
B-15
Technical Specification
B.6.9
Equipment Disposal
B.6.9.1
General
Dispose of this equipment safely at the end of its life. Local codes and/or
environmental restrictions may affect its disposal. Regulations, policies and/or
environmental restrictions differ throughout the world. Contact your local jurisdiction
or local authority for specific advice on disposal.
B.6.9.2
For the European Union
"This product is subject to the EU Directive 2002/96/EC on
Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) and
should not be disposed of as unsorted municipal waste."
B.6.10
Recycling
Ericsson SA TV Recycling has a process facility that enables customers to return
Old and End-of-Life Products for recycling if it is required.
Ericsson provides assistance to customers and recyclers through our Ericsson and
SATV Recycling eBusiness Portal.
This can be reached at: https://ebusiness.ericsson.net/.
To gain access to the Recycling site, you must be set up with a unique login and
password.
To request the login, please contact tvtechpubs@ericsson.com, and include the
information below:
B-16
•
First/Last name
•
Password request (6 numbers/characters). If you do not include this information
one will be created for you.
•
Phone
•
Location (Country)
•
Company
•
Work Area (select one of the below)
-
Executive Management
-
Marketing and Sales
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
Technical Specification
B.7
-
Planning/Engineering
-
Procurement/Supply
-
Project & Programme
-
Implementation
-
Operations and Maintenance
-
R&D
-
Other
Cable Types
The signal cable types (or similar) in Table B.14 are those recommended by
Ericsson in order to maintain product EMC compliance.
Table B.14 Suitable Signal Cable Types
Signal Type
Connector
Cable
Ethernet
RJ-45
Belden Data Twist (S-FTP)
Gigabit
RF Out
F-type
CT100 RF cable/Belden 1694A
Host Status
9-way D-type male
Belden 8162 CM2PR24 shielded
Data SFP GBIC
Fibre
Fiber
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
B-17
Technical Specification
BLANK
B-18
2/1553-FGC 101 1019 Uen A
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