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Prisma Optics Training Module 1 v3
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Agenda
Product Overview, products used in overlay
Prisma II & XD Chassis
Configuration and monitoring options
1550 Broadcast TX
1550 DWDM S-QAM TX
1550 DWDM S-QAM-FS TX
1310 & O-Band Multiwave TX
Prisma EDFAs
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2
Prisma Chassis
David Kirkpatrick
© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Cisco Confidential
Prisma II Chassis
 The Prisma II Chassis accommodates up to 13 single-slot modules. This is in
addition to the primary power supply. When an ICIM is installed (using two slots),
the number of available slots drops to 11. When both an ICIM and a redundant
(second) power supply (using two slots) are installed, the chassis accommodates
10 single-slot modules.
 The Prisma II Chassis supports the entire family of Prisma II modules including
ICIM, primary and redundant modular power supplies, transmitters, and receivers.
The chassis also supports RF driver amplifiers, externally modulated transmitters,
optical switches, and digital reverse TX/RX modules.
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Chassis Front Panel
Depending on your system requirements, the chassis is factory configured
as either:
 Front access, with port and power connectors on the lower part of the front
panel.
 Rear access, with port and power connectors on the back of the unit.
736762
736766
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144869
144870
(P2-CH-R-F-56-R-AAS)Chassis,Rear Acc,56F,2/AC Pwr
(P2-CH-R-F-56-R-DDS)Chassis,Rear Acc,56F,2/-48VDC Pwr
Part
Description
Power ON LED
Illuminates when power is applied to the
chassis.
ALARM LED
Illuminates if there is a failure in the
chassis cooling fan tray.
LOCAL CRAFT INTERFACE Used to connect a PC to the chassis for
(LCI) Port
module setup when no ICIM is installed.
CHASSIS ID Switch
Allows the operator to assign an
identification number to every Prisma II
Chassis for addressing by ICIM, LCI, or
TNCS software. When using the ICIM, this
number is referred to as the shelf number.
Each chassis connected to an individual
ICIM must have a unique chassis ID
number.
Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Used prior to touching any modules.
Jack
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Chassis Connections
Connector Interface Panel
 The connector interface panel houses
the electrical, signal, and alarm
connectors, as well as the power inlets
required for chassis operation.
Chassis Inputs and Outputs
 Chassis inputs and outputs consist of
cable assemblies that connect the
backplane to ALARMS IN, ALARMS
OUT, EM IN, EM OUT, ICIM IN, ICIM
OUT, CLOCK INPUT, RF IN, RF OUT
and the Ground Stud.
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Chassis Inputs & Outputs
Alarms
In/Out
EM IN/EM OUT
EM
In/Out
ICIM
In/Out
 The EM IN and EM OUT connectors on
the connector interface panel are used
to allow TNCS element management
software to control and monitor more
than one chassis.
ALARMS IN/ALARMS OUT
 These connectors allow for an ALARM
OUT ALARM IN for each module slot in
the chassis.
ICIM IN/ICIM OUT
 These connectors allow one ICIM to
control and monitor modules in more
than one chassis.
RF Input Output Ports
 These connections allow RF
connectivity to chassis backplane
feeding modules
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Power Supply Inlets
 The primary and secondary power
supplies are inserted from the front of
the chassis. The power supply
connectors mate with the factoryinstalled power inlet connectors on the
backplane. The inlets differ according to
which type of power supply is installed.
Either AC or DC supplies can be
installed in the chassis when the proper
power inlets are installed
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Chassis Backplane
 The chassis backplane consists of the
inside and the outside rear panel of the
chassis through which the electrical and
communication signals are connected
and distributed. In addition to distributing
electrical power and providing a common
serial bus, the backplane also connects 4
RF ports (2 connectors are standard, 2
others are optional) to each of the 14
module connectors.
 Module connectors inside the chassis
accommodate electrical power, digital
signals, and analog signals. The
connectors are inherently self-guiding
and allow a blind mate connection.
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Connecting the ICIM to Additional
Chassis
Chassis-to-Chassis ICIM Connections
 The Prisma II platform allows the ICIM to be
located in one chassis and control modules
located in several other chassis. This
communication “daisy-chain” can be enabled
by connecting cables to the ICIM IN and ICIM
OUT. This connection is required if an ICIM in
one chassis is to communicate with or control
any module located in a separate chassis.
 Note: An ICIM can control up to 140 modules
6 to 7 chassis, typical deployment 3 to 4
chassis per ICIM.
ICIM Out
Serial
Extension
Cable
EM In
Chassis with
ICIM
ICIM In
ICIM Out
Serial
Extension
Cable
Chassis
ICIM In
ICIM Out
Serial
Extension
Cable
Chassis
ICIM In
ICIM Out
Chassis
ICIM Out
Terminator
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TP477
9
Connecting the ICIM to Additional
Chassis
ICIM IN and ICIM OUT Connectors
 Every chassis has a DB9 ICIM IN and a DB9 ICIM OUT connector for the
purpose of chassis-to-chassis ICIM2 connections. ICIM IN is a female
connector and ICIM OUT is a male connector.
 The cable required for both ICIM IN and ICIM OUT connections is a
shielded 9-wire serial extension cable, DB9 Female to DB9 Male. Cisco #
180143 CIFA# 144856
 All chassis connected in this daisy-chain must have a unique chassis ID
number.
 If the ICIM OUT terminator (4013014) that ships with the ICIM is not
installed on the last chassis of a daisy-chain connection, faulty
communication with the ICIM may occur.
 The ICIM OUT port of the last chassis in the daisy-chain must be
terminated with an ICIM OUT terminator, part number 4013014
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External Alarms Connections
Master/Slave Operation
 All Prisma II modules ship from the factory configured as a master. The
LCI, TNCS software, or the ICIM can be used to reconfigure a module as
a slave or as redundant (slave).
 The Chassis allows for local hard-wired redundancy by using the ALARM
IN and ALARM OUT connectors. A pair of modules can be configured so
that if the master fails, the slave takes over by using the ALARM IN and
ALARM OUT connectors
ALARM IN and ALARM OUT Connectors
 The Prisma II Chassis provides two connectors for external alarms to and
from each module slot. These alarm connectors are located in two 37-pin
D-connectors (DB-37) and are labeled ALARM IN and ALARM OUT.
• NOTE: Master Slave feature requires Redundancy Interface Panel (RIP). The RIP serves
as an extension to the two DB-37 connectors labeled ALARM IN and ALARM OUT – see
IO Guide for further details
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Power Supply
 There are two versions of the Prisma II Power Supply, AC or DC.
The type that you use depends on the input voltage to your
system.
 The two versions are functionally identical, and differ only in
cable connections to chassis and input voltages.
• AC Supply Cisco 4012765 CIFA 16365
• Voltage requirements 90 to 265 VAC
• DC Supply Cisco 716312.001.000.BA, CIFA 145084
• Voltage requirements -40 to -75 VDC
Front Panel Indicators
 The front panel of the power supply has a green ON indicator and
a red ALARM indicator. The ON indicator illuminates when
external power has been applied. The ALARM indicator
illuminates when the power supply has a problem supplying one
of the required output voltages to power the chassis.
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Fan Tray
 The Prisma II Fan Tray provides cooling to
the Prisma II Chassis and monitors the
Prisma II Power Supplies.
 The fan tray is installed in the top of the
Prisma II Chassis at the factory. It can be
removed for maintenance or inspection by
loosening the two screws located on either
side of the front panel.
 Important: Do not operate Chassis without
a fan tray installed. If a fan tray is not
installed in the chassis, the ICIM will not
communicate with any of the modules in
that chassis
• Fan Tray replacement # 741419
• Fan Kit, fans only # 741421
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PII ICIM2 Front Panel
Part
LCD screen
Function
Displays the ICIM2 menus, alarms, and status
information.
12-key numeric Used to navigate the ICIM2 menus and configure the
keypad
application modules.
Ethernet
Directly connects the ICIM2 to an IP network. The
connector
ICIM2 Ethernet port is suitable for connection to
intra-building wiring, non-exposed wiring or cabling
only.
Yellow LED on Glows when the Ethernet port is operating in full
Ethernet
duplex.
connector
Blinks when collisions occur on the Ethernet port.
Green LED on
Ethernet
connector
Glows when a link is established on the Ethernet
port.
Blinks during data activity on the Ethernet port.
RS232 connector Used to connect a PC to the Prisma II system for CLI
Old pic, RS232 communication and setup.
not shown
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Checking the Operating Status using the
ICIM2
You can use the ICIM to check status of all operating parameters of a module. All
status information is displayed on the ICIM LCD.
1
At the MAIN menu, press the
2
Press the
key to highlight the Shelf and Slot fields.
key to address the Shelf number. Then press the
key or the
key to scroll to the number of the desired shelf.
3
Press the
key. The Slot field is highlighted.
4
Press the
key or the
5
Press the
key. The MODULE menu appears on the ICIM LCD.
6
Press the
key.
7
Press the
key or the
key to scroll through the monitored parameters
until you find the parameter of interest.
8
Check the status of the desired parameter or select other parameters to monitor.
When finished, press the
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key to scroll to the number of the desired slot.
key to return to the MAIN menu
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Prisma XD Chassis
David Kirkpatrick
© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
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Prisma II XD Platform
 The Prisma II XD Platform is a configurable and expandable system for
providing transmit and receive functions to fiber-optic communications
networks.
The Prisma II XD Platform consists of the following products.
• Prisma II XD Chassis # 4022058 CIFA 63436 Chassis NO ICIM, # 4023768 CIFA 63437
Chassis with ICIM
• Prisma II XD fan assembly
• Prisma II XD AC-to-DC bulk power supply modules (one or two) #1005444
• Prisma II ICIM2-XD Intelligent Communications Interface Module #4022060
• Prisma II High-Density application modules
• Prisma II XD Chassis application module blanking panels
• http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/ps8863/index.html
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XD Fan Assembly
 The chassis uses a negative pressure fan system to pull cooling air from
the ambient environment. Three fans are housed in a field-replaceable
assembly attached at the back of the chassis.
 The fan assembly can be removed for inspection and maintenance, to
provide access to the DC-to-DC converters inside the chassis, or to
remove either of the AC-to-DC bulk power supply modules.
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Chassis Power Supply Architecture
 The chassis can operate from utility AC power or from external -48 VDC
power.
 For AC operation, one or two AC-to-DC bulk power supply modules are
installed in the chassis. Each of these modules supplies -48 VDC power to
one of two DC-to-DC converter assemblies inside the chassis
 For DC operation, one or both AC-to-DC bulk power supply modules are
removed, and power for one or both internal DC-to-DC converter
assemblies is supplied from external -48 VDC power source.
 The DC power connector can serve one of two functions, depending on
the power supply configuration:
When the associated AC-to-DC bulk power supply slot is empty, its
DC power connector acts as an inlet for external -48 VDC.
When the associated AC-to-DC bulk power supply slot is populated,
its DC power connector acts as an outlet for -48 VDC from the bulk
power supply module.
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Chassis Power Supply Architecture
 The following diagram shows the general power supply architecture for a
single Prisma II XD Platform chassis.
+24 VDC
+5 VDC
-5 VDC
0 VDC
Application Module Power Bus
DC-to-DC
Converter
Module A
AC-to-DC
Bulk Supply
Module A
AC
IN A
DC-to-DC
Converter
Module B
RETURN
RETURN
-48 VDC
-48 VDC
DC
IN/OUT
A
DC
IN/OUT
B
AC-to-DC
Bulk Supply
Module B
AC
IN B
 Each AC-to-DC bulk power supply module feeds a separate, dedicated
DC-to-DC converter assembly. The chassis ships with two DC-to-DC
converters installed, but without either AC-to-DC bulk power supply
module installed.
TP552
 Each DC-to-DC converter can power a full chassis on its own. The use of
dual independent converters, together with dual AC-to-DC bulk power
supplies, allows for full power supply redundancy.
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ICIM2-XD
 The ICIM2-XD provides users with access to application module
configuration settings, status monitoring, and alarm monitoring.
 The ICIM2-XD is logically identical to the ICIM2 module used in Prisma II
chassis. However, the ICIM2-XD is physically smaller than the ICIM2 and
lacks a front-panel keypad or liquid-crystal display.
Part
Ethernet connector
RS232 connector
Function
Directly connects the ICIM2-XD to an IP network. The frontpanel Ethernet port is suitable for connection to intra-building
wiring, non-exposed wiring or cabling only.
Used to connect a co-located PC to the Prisma II Enhanced
system for local console port CLI communication and setup.
 Note: When a Prisma II chassis and a Prisma II XD chassis are part of a
daisy-chain connection of two or more chassis, a single ICIM2 or ICIM2XD can and must be used to control both chassis.
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Step 1: Install Chassis in a Rack
(Just in case you have never installed a piece of equipment in a rack) 
1. Use a torque wrench to tighten the bracket mounting screws to 12 to 14
in-lbs
2. Position the chassis in the rack with the fan assembly installed, but
otherwise empty.
3. Insert a mounting screw through each of the four mounting holes on
chassis front panel, and then into the rack.
4. Use a medium-sized Phillips-head screwdriver to tighten each mounting
screw until it is tight.
5. Install additional cable and fiber management hardware as needed and in
accordance with local practice.
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Step 2: ICIM In ICIM Out Cable
Connections
Chassis-to-Chassis ICIM Connections
 The Prisma II XD platform allows the ICIM2-XD to be located in one
chassis and monitor application modules in other chassis. This
communication “daisy-chain” can be enabled by connecting cables to the
ICIM IN and ICIM OUT connectors on the chassis interface panel.
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Step 2: ICIM In ICIM Out Cable
Connections
1. Connect the serial extension cable (CIFA 144856) from the
ICIM OUT of the chassis containing the ICIM2-XD to the
ICIM IN connector of the second chassis.
2. Connect a serial extension cable from the ICIM OUT of the
second chassis to the ICIM IN of the third chassis, if
installed, third chassis to fourth etc.
3. Change the chassis ID numbers as needed to give each
chassis an appropriate unique ID number. See To Change
the Chassis ID Number below for further details and
cautions.
4. The ICIM OUT port of the last chassis in the daisy-chain
must be terminated with an ICIM OUT terminator, part
number 4013014, which ships with the ICIM2-XD.
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ICIM Out
Serial
Extension
Cable
EM In
Chassis with
ICIM
ICIM In
ICIM Out
Serial
Extension
Cable
Chassis
ICIM In
ICIM Out
Serial
Extension
Cable
Chassis
ICIM In
ICIM Out
Chassis
ICIM Out
Terminator
TP477
24
Step 2: Change Chassis ID Number
1. Locate the chassis ID switch at upper right on the front panel of each
chassis. The switch can be set to any two-digit value from 00 to 99 (but
avoid setting the value to 00, as explained below).
2. Use the chassis ID switch to set each chassis ID number to a unique
value.
Note:
 The chassis ID number can be changed while the chassis is under power.
However, the new ID number will not become effective until chassis power
is cycled or the ICIM2-XD is rebooted.
 The chassis numbering scheme used is discretionary, except that each
interconnected chassis must have a unique ID number.
CAUTION:
Setting the chassis ID to 00 is not recommended as it causes the entity MIB to violate
RFC-2737 by creating an invalid object identifier. This may affect operation with some
management systems that use the entity MIB. In particular, attempts to access the fans
(in virtual slot 0) in chassis 00 will fail if made via serial TNCS (or ROSA-EM) or LCI.
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Step 3: Make Electrical Connections
The chassis back panel has an IEC standard AC power inlet and a threeconductor DC power connector for each bulk DC power supply module
slot.
 The AC power inlet accepts line voltage at 100 to 240 VAC, 50 or 60 Hz.
 The DC power connector accepts DC input voltage at -40 to -72 VDC (-48
VDC nominal).
 The power connectors on the left side of the chassis supply power to the
left power supply slot, while those on the right supply power to the right
power supply slot.
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Step 3: Make Electrical Connections ~
DC Power Systems
 External -48 VDC operating power for each DC-to-DC converter (mounted
in the chassis just behind the fan assembly) enters the chassis via a
dedicated DC power inlet mounted on the chassis back panel.
 The voltage input range for DC power systems is -40 VDC to -72 VDC.
 Use cable 4011730 for DC wiring. The #16 AWG wiring from the external 48 VDC supply is attached to a 3-pin nylon connector which, in turn, plugs
into the DC power inlet.
 Order additional nylon plugs and connector pins from your preferred
supplier, as follows:
• Molex #03-12-1036 nylon 3-pin connector
• Molex #18-12-1222 crimp socket contact (3)
 Use a Molex Crimp Service Tool #63811-1000 or equivalent to crimp the
pins to the cable.
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Step 4: Install the ICIM2
Note: Chassis can be ordered with or without ICIM ~ follow steps if adding ICIM to
non ICIM chassis
1. Remove the blanking panel covering the ICIM slot in the lower right
corner of the chassis back panel.
2. Hold the ICIM2-XD so that the front panel silkscreen is in correct reading
position.
3. Align the two ridges on the bottom of the ICIM2-XD with the module
guide slots located in the chassis.
4. Gently slide the ICIM2-XD into the chassis until its power and
communications connections join connectors on the back plane bus and
its front panel rests against the chassis.
5. Tighten the retaining screws on either side of the ICIM2-XD to secure to
chassis
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Connecting RF Cables
 The chassis back panel has two RF connectors, A and B, for each
application module slot. Each pair of RF connectors is numbered (1-16) to
show its corresponding slot number. RF port A, leftmost in each pair, is
marked by a black semicircle or nut at the base of the connector. RF port
A provides connection to the upper of two independent RF channels on
the chassis midplane, while RF port B provides connection to the lower RF
channel.
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Equipment Configuration
David Kirkpatrick
© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
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Equipment Configuration
 There are several different ways to configure the equipment.
Command line interface (CLI)
ICIM2 Web Interface
ICIM2 keypad (PII chassis only)
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
Local Craft Interface (LCI)
 This section we will cover LCI & ICIM2 Wed Interface
 For further information on configuration using the CLI, see the
Prisma II Platform Remote User Interface Guide, part number
4012441.
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Equipment Configuration
Local Craft Interface (LCI)
David Kirkpatrick
© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
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Communications and Control
Local Craft Interface (LCI)
LCI Port
 The first display represents the chassis
and contained hardware. Drill down via
the tree view or “double click” on a
module opens the device control screen.
RS232
 Second display
SSC
LCI
 The Local Craft Interface is a DB9F connector
found on the front of each and every Prisma II
and XD chassis. This serial port is addressed
via a terminal type program that can be run on
a laptop or other PC. A serial cable is
connected to this port and the serial port of the
PC. The application can poll all the hardware in
the rack returning current configuration and
alarm information
1.
All gain settings
2.
All alarm settings
3.
Software and firmware versions
4.
Serial number
5.
Address information
6.
Module type
7.
Equipment status
 Serial cable can be purchased locally or
ordered from the factory part number 180143.
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LCI Function
LCI is software that functions as a user interface for the Prisma II & XD platform. LCI
is installed on a computer, which is then connected to a Prisma Chassis. Using LCI,
you can configure and monitor the modules in the chassis to which the computer is
connected.
System Requirements
You will need the following computer software and hardware to run LCI.
Computer Requirements
 Pentium II 300 MHz processor or equivalent
 128 MB RAM
 10 MB available hard drive space
 Windows 95 or later operating system software
Cable Requirements
The required cable is a standard serial extension cable, DB9 Female to DB9 Male.
This cable can be purchased locally or ordered from the factory as part number
180143. The connectors are a serial 9-pin D-shell (EIA 574/232).
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Installing LCI
 You can go to Cisco.com -> Support and search for Prisma II. Click on “Prisma II
Platform” and then “HFC and Optics Software” to get here:
Click here for latest devtypes
Click here for latest LCI
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Connecting Your Computer to the
Chassis
 Before you start LCI, you must first connect your
computer to the chassis that contains the
module(s) you want to check.
 LCI only communicates with modules installed in
the chassis to which your computer is connected.
To check other modules, you must connect your
computer to the chassis in which they are
installed.
 If LCI does not communicate with a module in the
chassis to which your computer is connected, it
may be necessary to update the LCI application.
Latest rev as of 8.25.11 is 2.4.4
To Connect a Computer to the Chassis
1. Plug one end of a 9-pin RS-232 serial extension
cable into your computer.
Internet
LCI
Web
Browser
2. Plug the other end of the cable into the LCI port,
labeled Local Craft Interface
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Connecting Your Computer to the
Chassis
 Before you start LCI, you must first connect your
computer to the chassis that contains the
module(s) you want to check.
 LCI only communicates with modules installed in
the chassis to which your computer is connected.
To check other modules, you must connect your
computer to the chassis in which they are
installed.
 If LCI does not communicate with a module in the
chassis to which your computer is connected, it
may be necessary to update the LCI application.
To Connect a Computer to the Chassis
1. Plug one end of a 9-pin RS-232 serial extension
cable into your computer.
LCI
2. Plug the other end of the cable into the LCI port,
labeled Local Craft Interface
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Starting LCI Software
1. Double-click the LCI icon on your Windows desktop
Result The LCI Detect Configuration window appears as shown below
2. In the LCI Detect Configuration window, select the appropriate COM port,
chassis ID, and chassis type, and then click Start.
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Equipment Configuration
Web Interface
David Kirkpatrick
© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
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Intelligent Communications Interface
Module
The XD ICIM2 provides an interface to Prisma platform application modules via
command line interface (CLI), Web Browser or SNMP
 The ICIM can support multiple chassis in a daisy-chain connection
 ICIM Web Interface
Remote Access – allows access to the Web User Interface via a Mozilla (Unix) or Internet
Explorer 6.0 (Windows) Browsers
 Via the ICIM Web Interface you can access the following
 ICIM Data
Module Data
Current Alarms
Module Alarms
Module Control
Module Monitors
System Information
User Management
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Web Interface
Introduction
 The ICIM Web Interface is a set of HTML pages hosted by the web
server in the ICIM2 and ICIM2-XD. These pages display
information about the ICIM2 and other modules in its domain.
 You navigate and interact with the Web Interface through the use
of menus and hyperlinks, just as with a typical web site
 The Web Interface provides a subset of CLI functionality using
SNMP as the underlying communication protocol. However, using
the Web Interface requires no knowledge of either SNMP or CLI.
Note: For these pages to work properly, both JavaScript and cookies must be
enabled in your web browser.
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Web Browsers Supported
 Mozilla for Unix or Linux, version 1.7
 Microsoft Internet Explorer for Windows, version 6
CAUTION:
Before closing the browser or tab in which the Web Interface session is
running, be sure to log out of the Web Interface using the Logout link at the
bottom left of the navigation pane.
If you close the browser or tab before logging out, the session will hang open
for the duration of a timeout interval. This may prevent access to the ICIM2
through either the CLI or the Web Interface by you or other users. This may
also create a breach of security by enabling unauthorized users to access the
Web Interface at the previous user authorization level by opening a new
browser tab.
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Information Color Code
 Items shown in red signal conditions that require prompt user
attention.
 Items shown in blue are links to pages with more details.
 Items shown in black signal normal conditions or values falling
within nominal limits.
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Installation
 The Web Interface is already resident in the ICIM2 firmware. All
that is needed for access is to install an appropriate web browser
and point it to the ICIM2 IP address. Your system administrator
can provide the IP address for this page in your installation.
To Install the Web Interface for Windows
 To download the instructions for installing Internet Explorer 6 for
Windows, use your current browser to access the links for
installation provided at http://www.microsoft.com.
To Install the Web Interface in Solaris
 To download the instructions for installing Mozilla 1.7 on Sparc
Workstations (Solaris 8 and 9), use your current browser to access
the links for installation provided at http://www.mozilla.org.
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Login and Logout
To use the Web Interface, you must enter a valid user name and
password. The default user name and password are given below.
 User name: Administrat0r
 Password: AdminPassw0rd
Note:
 Both the default user name and the default password have a zero
(0) in place of the expected "o" character.
 For security reasons, it is recommended that the default user name
be changed immediately. For additional information, see User
Management in the appropriate system guide.
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To Login
4. Press the Enter key or click the Go button. The ICIM Login page
appears as shown below.
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To Login
5. Type your User name and Password in the fields provided, and
then click the Login button. The ICIM Welcome page appears as
shown below.
6. Use one of the following navigation methods as appropriate:
 Click Next to go to the System View page. Or, wait 10 seconds to
be taken to System View automatically.
 Use the menu at the left of the screen to go directly to System
View or to choose another page of interest
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Using System View
 The System View page displays manufacturing information for the
ICIM2 and selected modules. System View also allows you to view
the current alarms for the ICIM2 and any application modules in
the domain.
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Using System View
This table contains at least one, and possibly two, hyperlinks to other
pages of the interface.
 Clicking the details link in the title takes you to the ICIM Details
screen.
 Clicking the Alarm Count link when alarms are active takes you to
the Current Alarms table.
These pages are described in later sections of this chapter
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To View Module Summary
 The Module Summary table at the bottom of the System View
page lists the modules in the ICIM2 domain and identifies their
chassis and slot locations, module types (if reported by the
module) and devtypes, and the number of alarms currently active
Note: Clicking the Details link for a particular module displays the
Module Details
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To View Current Alarms
 To view current alarms in the system, click the Current Alarms
submenu item.
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To View Current Alarms
The Current Alarms page appears, displaying any active alarms in a
table similar to the one shown below.
In this table:
 Chas/Slot is the number of the chassis and slot in which the
module is located.
 Label is the name of the alarm.
 Time is the time at which the module went into alarm.
 Description is the module description
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To View Module Details
 When you click Details in the Module Summary table in System
View, the Module Details screen for the corresponding module
appears, as shown in the following example.
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Module Details Submenu
 When the Module Details screen appears, a submenu lets you
select Alarms, Thresholds, Controls, and Monitors for the module
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Thresholds
 To view the current threshold values for all alarms for the chosen
module, click the Thresholds submenu option. The Module Alarm
Thresholds table appears as shown below
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Thresholds
If any of the alarms have user-adjustable threshold values, these
values are shown in ruled fields to indicate that they are editable.
 To change a threshold value, click inside the field, type the desired
value, and then either click the Apply button to the right of the row
containing the field. Or, you may press Enter to invoke the
changes on that row immediately.
 To abort the change, click the Cancel button before clicking Apply.
Clicking Cancel reloads the page, discarding any unapplied
changes.
 After you click Apply, a popup window appears asking you to
confirm the save operation
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Controls
 To review the control parameters for the chosen module, click the
Controls submenu option. The Module Controls table appears as
shown below
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Controls
 To change a control value, click inside the field, type the desired
value, and then either click the Apply button to the right of the row
containing the field. Or, you may press Enter to invoke the
changes on that row immediately.
 To abort the change, click the Cancel button before clicking Apply.
Clicking Cancel reloads the page, discarding any unapplied
changes
 After you click Apply, a popup window appears asking you to
confirm the save operation:
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To Log Out
Complete the following steps to log out of the Web Interface.
1. Click Logout in the main menu. The Web Interface Logout page
appears as shown below
2. Close your browser window as a security precaution
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1550 Broadcast EMT
David Kirkpatrick
© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
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BC TX EMT Description
 The Prisma II 1550 nm Externally Modulated Transmitters (EMTs) are
plug-in modules for the Prisma II platform. Microprocessor control allows
ease of installation and flexibility of application.
 The transmitter design includes an array of capabilities, such as low RF
input level, and elective Automatic Gain Control (AGC)
Options
Multiple ITU and Non ITU wavelength options (recommend using ITU)
Long Reach EMT, PII-15TXL ITU40 #737283 CIFA 28312, ITU18 #737287 CIFA 64028
Extended Reach EMT, PII-15TXX ITU40 #737279 NO CIFA, ITU18 #737280 NO CIFA
Features
10dBm output
Front panel green light emitting diode (LED) to indicate operating status
Front panel red LED to indicate alarm status
-20 dB test point relative to input
Product Application
Transporting broadcast analog and QAMs HE to Hub or Node
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1550 EMT Operations
 The Prisma II 1550 nm Transmitters receive an RF signal through a
connector on the rear of the module. The RF input signal is then amplified
and converted to an optical signal.
Broadcast
RF Input
20 dBmV/Ch
(78 NTSC)
RF
Amp
Voltage
Controlled
Attenuator
RF
Amplifiers
PreDistortion
J1
DFB
Laser
Narrowcast RF
Input 12 dB Below
Broadcast
- RF Signal
- Optical Signal
- Control Signal
Optical
Modulator
SBS
Suppression
Front Panel Test
Point 20 dB Below
Broadcast
J2 *
Optical
Output *
Modulator
Bias Control
CCB or Equivalent Embedded Controller
* Dual optical outputs, J1 and J2, on a P2-15TXL Transmiter
Single optical output, J1 only, on a P2-15TXX Transmitter
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TP625
63
Front Panel
Feature
Description
Alarm indicator Illuminates or blinks when an alarm
condition occurs.
Power On
indicator
Illuminates when power is supplied to the
module.
Optical output
Connects the output signal to the optical
cable.
-20 dB test
point
Provides a -20 dB sample of the RF input
signal.
NOTE: The PII-15TXL is a two-port device, while PII-15TXX is a
one-port device. Secondary output (J2) may have some
performance degradation as compared with primary output. Use
primary (J1) for main path secondary for backup
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Configuration Methods and
Summary
Methods
Configuration Summary
 Command line interface (CLI)
Using any of the above methods,
you can configure the following
parameters.
 ICIM Web Interface
 Simple Network Management
Protocol (SNMP)
Enable Laser
Laser Mode
 Local Craft Interface (LCI)
AGC
 ICIM keypad (PII chassis only)
RF Drive Level to the Laser
Optical Modulation Index (OMI)
Level
Master/Slave Mode
RFLasSet
Length (km)
LowRF Alarm Inhibit
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Connecting RF Cables
 The chassis back panel has four RF connectors, A, B, C & D for each
application module slot. Each of RF connectors is numbered to show its
corresponding slot number.
“D” Not used with EMT
“C” Not used with EMT
“B” NC Input
“A” BC Input
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Operation Using LCI
1. Right-click the chassis, and then click Open.
Result: A graphic representation of the chassis appears
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Operation Using LCI
2. Double-click the module whose information you want to view or
configure.
 Result: The Module Details window appears
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Operation Using LCI
3. Under Controls, double-click the parameter you want to configure.
 Result: The Change Value Dialog box appears. This example shows the
dialog box for the RF Drive Setting parameter.
4. Depending on the parameter you chose, select or type a new value.
5. Click Execute.
 Result: The new value appears next to the parameter.
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EMT Operating Status Parameters
Parameter
Name (LCI)
Optical Output 1
Power
Optical Output 2
Power (TXL)
Laser Bias
RF Input
Module
Temperature
CP Lock
TEC Current
ICIM
Abbreviation
OutPwr1
Function
Typical Value
Displays optical output power at port 1.
+10.0 dBm
OutPwr2 (TXL)
Displays optical output power at port 2.
+10.0 dBm
LasBias
InRF
ModTemp
Displays measured laser bias current.
Displays RF input level.
Displays module temperature.
CPLock
TecCur
Indicates constant power loop lock.
Indicates laser thermoelectric cooler current.
270 mA
0 dB
Ambient °C +
30°C
0.4
0.2 A
Laser Temperature
LasTemp
Displays laser temperature.
30°C
Tx Type
TxType
TXX or TXL
Modulator Bias
SBS 2 GHz PLL
SBS 6 GHz PLL
SBS 2 GHz Power
ModBias
Sbs1Stat
Sbs2Stat
Psbs2G
Indicates Transmitter Extended Reach (TXX) or
Long Reach (TXL).
Indicates modulator bias voltage level.
SBS phase lock loop 1 lock status.
SBS phase lock loop 2 lock status.
Indicates 2 GHz SBS power level.
SBS 6 GHz Power
Psbs6G
Indicates 6 GHz SBS power level.
120.0
-5V Supply Voltage
-5VInt
Displays internal -5 VDC supply voltage.
-5 VDC
-12V Supply Voltage -12VInt
Displays internal -12 VDC supply voltage.
-12 VDC
+12V Supply
Voltage
Displays internal +12 VDC supply voltage.
+12 VDC
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+12VInt
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0.128 VDC
LOCK
LOCK
90.5
70
EMT Configurable Parameters
Parameter
Name (LCI)
Enable Laser
ICIM
Abbreviation
Enable
Laser Mode
LasMode
AGC Mode
RF Drive Setting
AGC
RFDrive
OMI Level Setting OMISet
Description
Values
Default
Enables or disables amplifier operation, i.e.,
turns the laser on or off.
Selects one of two laser operating modes:
constant current (i.e., constant wavelength)
or constant power.
ON (1) = Enabled
OFF (0) = Disabled
Constant Current
(ConstCur)
ON (1)
Turns automatic gain control on or off.
Constant Power
(ConstPwr)
ON (1)
Off (0)
Sets the relative RF drive level into the
-6.0 dB to +1.0 dB in
transmitter. Only effective when AGC is off 0.5 dB steps
(manual gain control).
(Negative decreases
drive, positive
increases drive)
Sets the optical modulation index level. Only -6.0 dB to +1.0 dB in
effective when AGC is on.
0.5 dB steps
(Negative decreases
Note: When AGC is active, it maintains a
drive, positive
constant OMI for input powers between -3
dB and +1 dB from nominal when OMI level increases drive)
is set to 0 dB.
ConstPwr
OFF (0)
0.0 dB
0.0 dB
In general, guaranteed AGC range is (-3 +
OMI Level) dB to +1 dB. For example, for an
OMI level setting of +1 dB, the guaranteed
AGC range is 2 dB to +1 dB. Actual AGC
range is typically larger.
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EMT Configurable Parameters
Parameter
Name (LCI)
Master
ICIM
Abbreviation
Master
Description
Values
Default
Configures the module as master or slave:
ON (1) = Master
OFF (0) = Slave
ON (1) =
Master
If set to Master, the transmitter is controlled
only by the Enable control above.
RFLasSet
RFLasSet
Length
Length
Presentation_ID Kirkpatrick 092509
If set to Slave, the transmitter is controlled by
a combination of Enable and the external
input CNT_IN_1.
Configures the transmitter to shut down the ON (1)
OFF (0)
laser when an alarm threshold is met.
OFF (0)
Optimizes transmitter performance based on 65 km to 105 km in 1 65 km (TXL)
the distance or span of the link.
km steps (TXL)
100 km (TXX)
100 km to 140 km in
1 km steps (TXX)
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“LASER”
Prisma 1550 High Density
S-QAM Full Spectrum
Transmitter
David Kirkpatrick
© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Cisco Confidential
Prisma S-QAM Full Spectrum Tx
Overview
 The SQAM-FS is a series of full spectrum (low analog high QAM)
transmitters designed for medium reach (40km) DWDM point to
multipoint applications feeding multiple nodes with a single fiber
Features
SQAM-FS
 The new SQ-FS TX is a low chirp laser built and tuned for 30 analog +
QAMs. CMAP COMPLIANT!
 Optical Output Power: 10 dBm
 Wavelength mapped to minimize noise penalty from optical beating
(four wave mixing)
 Standard based ITU channel’s, ITU 20,21,23,27,28,30,34,35 (Note:
wavelength plan extended to 16 lasers)
Uses LGX-DWDM-MXDX #4040589 and CASSETTE #4040816
 Small C02 footprint: Low power consumption, 7.5 watts per Tx
Product Application
 In broadcast networks transporting analog and QAM to node
 1310 replacement for fiber starved areas – 1 fiber per 8 nodes
 For HE to HUB O/E transport of QAM channels
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SQAM-FS Example Architecture
GS7000 Node
Fiber
Enclosure
Headend or Hub
Prisma SQ-FS Optics
LGX MX/DMX
Field MX/DMX
x8
Single Fiber
GS7000 Node
New SG-FS is
supported in both
Prisma II (shown)
and XD platforms
Hub/Cabinet
LGX MX/DMX
LGX MX/DMX
x8
Single Fiber
40km 8 FWD Wavelengths Single Fiber
 Passives in both standard LGX packaging and
cassette style for field deployment
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S-QAM FS TX Operation
 The RF input signal is amplified before being converted to an optical
signal using a high-performance, isolated distributed feedback (DFB)
laser.
 The incoming RF signal is also routed through a coupler to an RF detector
circuit. The RF detector produces a DC voltage proportional to incident RF
power that is used to monitor the input power level.
RF
Input
Voltage
Controlled
Attenuator
Predistortion
DFB
Laser
Optical Output
ICIM
Front Panel
(optional module )
Front Panel
RF
Test Point
Microprocessor
LCI User
Interface
Connector
(on chassis)
TP352
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S-QAM FS TX Operation
 Transmitter gain is controlled through the selection of Manual or Automatic
Gain Control (AGC) mode operation.
 In Manual mode, an attenuator can be used to reduce RF power. It may
be desirable to make such adjustments to compensate for power
differences if the channel load differs from the specified value.
 In AGC mode, the microprocessor monitors the actual input composite
power and adjusts the attenuator to maintain constant RF drive level into
the laser diode.
Note: If Analog or QAM loading is to remain constant – not expanding
using AGC is OK however IF channel load differs the AGC will self
adjust accordingly resulting in RF level change at Node RX.
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SQAM-FS TX Front Panel
Part
Function
Alarm Indicator
Illuminates or blinks when an alarm
condition occurs.
Laser Indicator
Illuminates when laser is active.
Optical Output
Connects the output signal to the
optical cable.
-20 dB Test Point
Provides a -20 dB sample of the RF
input signal.
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Host Module
 A host module is required to mount the application module in a standard
Prisma II Chassis. The host module doubles the density of the Prisma II
Chassis by providing two high density module slots for each current
Prisma II slot.
Host Module Empty
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Prisma II Chassis Installation
 When installed in a Prisma II standard chassis, the module is placed in a
host module and then inserted into the chassis in slots 5 through 16.
 If the module occupies the upper host module position, its slot number is
the same (5 through 16) as that of the host module.
 If the module occupies the lower host module position, its slot number is
16 plus the host module slot number, or 21 through 32.
 Slots 1 through 4 are usually reserved for the power supplies. If an ICIM is
installed, it occupies slots 15 and 16. If an ICIM is not installed, any other
module (or host module) can occupy these slots.
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Install the Module in a XD Chassis
1. Locate the fiber tray at the bottom of the chassis and the application
module slots inside the chassis as shown in the following illustration
2. Align the ridges on the top and bottom of the module with the module
guide slots located on the chassis.
3. Gently slide the module into the chassis until its power and
communications connections join connectors on the midplane bus. Do
not force the module into the chassis. If properly aligned, it should slide in
with minimal force.
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Install the Module in a XD Chassis
4. Tighten the screw at the top of the module to secure it in the chassis. Use
a 3/8-in. flat-blade screwdriver to secure. Do not over-tighten.
5. Fill any unused chassis slots with module blanks to help ensure proper
cooling air flow.
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Configuring the Module using LCI
1. In the module tree, right-click the module, and then click Details
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Configuring the Module using LCI
 The Module Details window appears as shown below
2. Under Controls, double-click the parameter you want to configure to
display its Change Value dialog box. For example
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Configuring the Module using LCI
 Double-clicking the Enable Laser parameter displays the Enable Laser
dialog box.
 Double-clicking the Channel Load parameter displays the Channel Load
dialog box.
3. Depending on the parameter you chose, select or type a new value.
4. Click Execute. The new value appears next to the parameter
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S-QAM FS Operating Status Parameters
Parameter
Name (LCI)
Optical Output
Power
Laser Bias
Current
RF Input Power
Module
Temperature
TEC Current
Laser
Temperature
Laser RF Drive
ICIM
Abbreviation
OutPwr
Function
Typical Value
Displays optical output power.
10.1 dBm
LasBias
Displays laser bias current.
88 mA
InRF
ModTemp
Displays RF input level.
Displays module temperature.
0.0 dB
28.5 °C
TecCur
LasTemp
Displays laser thermoelectric cooler current.
Displays laser temperature.
112.9 mA
19.0 °C
LasRF
-1.5 dB
Laser Enable
Low RF Alarm
Inhibit
Master
RF Drive Level
AGC
Length
Dither
Enable
LoRFInh
RF drive level at laser input reference to
nominal setup.
Laser on/off.
Low RF alarm enabled/disabled.
Master
RFDrive
AGC
FibLinDi
Dither
Master or Slave operation.
RF drive level reference to nominal setup.
Automatic Gain Control.
Displays distance setting in kilometers.
Displays dither On/Off (usually Off).
0.0
40 km
-
-
Note: Monitored values may vary from module to module. The values shown above are
examples only
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S-QAM FS Configurable Parameters
Parameter
Name (LCI)
Laser Enable
ICIM
Abbreviation
Enable
Low RF Alarm
Inhibit
LoRFInh
Master
Master
Description
Values
Default
Enables or disables amplifier
ON (1) = Enabled ON (1)
operation; turns the laser on or off. OFF (0) =
Disabled
Enables or disables the "RF input ON (1) = Alarm
OFF (0)
low" alarm.
Enabled
Configures the module as master
or slave:
OFF (0) = Alarm
Disabled
ON (1) = Master
OFF (0) = Slave
ON (1)
If set to Master, the transmitter is
controlled only by the Enable
control above.
If set to Slave, the transmitter is
controlled by a combination of
Enable and the external input
CNT_IN_1.
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S-QAM Configurable Parameters
Parameter
Name (LCI)
RF Drive Level
ICIM
Abbreviation
RFDrive
Automatic Gain
Control
Length
AGC
Dither
Dither
Channel Preset
Presentation_ID Kirkpatrick 092509
FibLinDi
Description
Sets the relative RF drive level
into the transmitter. Only effective
when AGC is off (manual gain
control).
Values
-5.0 dB to +3.0 dB
in 0.5 dB steps
(Negative
decreases drive,
positive increases
drive)
Turns automatic gain control on
ON (1)
or off.
OFF (0)
Sets the nominal link distance for 0 to 60 km in 0.5
optimum performance.
km steps
Turns Dither on or off. Dither may ON (1)
need to be turned off for high
OFF (0)
drive levels or low channel loads
in order to improve performance.
Preset channel settings and tuning 16, 32, 50 and 153
for four contiguous channel loads chnl settings
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Default
0.0 dB
OFF (0)
40 km
OFF (0)
153
88
S-QAM FS Input Specifications
Number of Channels in a Load
Input Power per Channel (dBmV)
79QAM
15.5
115QAM
14
133QAM
13.5
153QAM
13
30Analog + 104QAM
18/12
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89
“LASER”
Prisma 1310 High Density
Transmitter
David Kirkpatrick
© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Cisco Confidential
1310 TX Operation
 The RF input signal is amplified before being converted to an optical
signal using a high-performance, isolated distributed feedback (DFB)
laser.
 The incoming RF signal is also routed through a coupler to an RF detector
circuit. The RF detector produces a DC voltage proportional to incident RF
power that is used to monitor the input power level.
Broadcast RF
Input
Voltage
Controlled
Attenuator
Predistortion
DFB
Laser
Optical Output
New Media
( narrowcast)
RF Input
ICIM
Front Panel
( optional module)
Front Panel
RF
Test Point
Microprocessor
LCI User
Interface
Connector
( on chassis)
TP202
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1310 TX Operation
 Transmitter gain is controlled through the selection of Manual or Automatic
Gain Control (AGC) mode operation.
 In Manual mode, an attenuator can be used to reduce RF power in an
overdrive condition or to compensate for variations in transmitter gain. Any
manual attenuator adjustments are reflected in the indicated RF drive
level. It may be desirable to make such adjustments to compensate for
power differences if the channel load differs from the specified value.
 In AGC mode, the microprocessor monitors the actual input composite
power and adjusts the attenuator to maintain constant RF drive level into
the laser diode.
Note: If Analog or QAM loading is to remain constant – not expanding
using AGC is OK however IF channel load differs the AGC will self
adjust accordingly resulting in RF level change at Node RX.
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1310 TX Front Panel
Part
Function
Alarm Indicator
Illuminates or blinks when an alarm
condition occurs.
Laser Indicator
Illuminates when laser is active.
Optical Output
Connects the output signal to the
optical cable.
-20 dB Test Point
Provides a -20 dB sample of the RF
input signal.
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Host Module
 A host module is required to mount the application module in a standard
Prisma II Chassis. The host module doubles the density of the Prisma II
Chassis by providing two high density module slots for each current
Prisma II slot.
Host Module Empty
Presentation_ID Kirkpatrick 092509
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Host Module Populated
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Prisma II Chassis Installation
 When installed in a Prisma II standard chassis, the module is placed in a
host module and then inserted into the chassis in slots 5 through 16.
 If the module occupies the upper host module position, its slot number is
the same (5 through 16) as that of the host module.
Prisma HD TX RF Flow
TX 1
PII
Backplane
D NC
C NC
TX 2
B BC
A BC
 If the module occupies the lower host module position, its slot number is
16 plus the host module slot number, or 21 through 32.
 Slots 1 through 4 are usually reserved for the power supplies. If an ICIM is
installed, it occupies slots 15 and 16. If an ICIM is not installed, any other
module (or host module) can occupy these slots.
Presentation_ID Kirkpatrick 092509
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95
Install the Module in a XD Chassis
1. Locate the fiber tray at the bottom of the chassis and the application
module slots inside the chassis as shown in the following illustration
2. Align the ridges on the top and bottom of the module with the module
guide slots located on the chassis.
3. Gently slide the module into the chassis until its power and
communications connections join connectors on the midplane bus. Do
not force the module into the chassis. If properly aligned, it should slide in
with minimal force.
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Install the Module in a XD Chassis
4. Tighten the screw at the top of the module to secure it in the chassis. Use
a 3/8-in. flat-blade screwdriver to secure. Do not over-tighten.
5. Fill any unused chassis slots with module blanks to help ensure proper
cooling air flow.
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97
Configuring the Module using LCI
1. In the module tree, right-click the module, and then click Details
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Configuring the Module using LCI
 The Module Details window appears as shown below
2. Under Controls, double-click the parameter you want to configure to
display its Change Value dialog box. For example
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Configuring the Module using LCI
 Double-clicking the Enable Laser parameter displays the Enable Laser
dialog box.
3. Depending on the parameter you chose, select or type a new value.
4. Click Execute. The new value appears next to the parameter
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Parameter
Enable Laser
Configurable Parameters
Cw Mode
Low RF Alarm
Inhibit
Master
RF Drive Level
AGC
Length
Presentation_ID Kirkpatrick 092509
Function
Enables or disables transmitter operation,
i.e., turns the laser on or off.
Automatically adjusts the displayed RF
input level by subtracting 3 dB when CW
mode is on.
Enables or disables the “RF input low”
alarm.
Values
ON = Enabled
OFF = Disabled
ON
OFF
Configures the module as master or
slave. If set to Master, the transmitter is
controlled only by the Enable control
above. If set to Slave, the transmitter is
controlled by a bination of Enable and the
external input CNT_IN_1.
Sets the relative RF drive level into the
transmitter.
Turns automatic gain control on or off.
Master = ON
Cisco Confidential
OFF
ON = Alarm Enabled Enabled
OFF = Alarm Disabled
Master
Slave = OFF
-5.0 dB to +3.0 dB
in 0.5 dB steps
ON
OFF
Fiber link length for optimal performance 5 to 30 km in 5 km
steps
© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.
Default
Enabled
0.0 dB
OFF
Varies
depending
upon optical
output
power
101
1310 Input Specifications
Bandwidth
Port-to-Port Isolation
(New Media to Broadcast Inputs)
Broadcast (BC) RF Input
Required RF Input Level per (NTSC)
78 NTSC analog ch’s with:
-320 MHz QAM (550-870 MHz) @ -6
dB
-450 MHz QAM (550-1002 MHz) @ -6
dB
Narrowcast (NC) RF Input
Required RF Input Level per (QAM)
-for QAM @ -6 dBc relative to analog
ch’s
Required RF Input Level per (analog)
- for equal amplitude analog ch’s (BC
and NC)
Power Consumption (maximum)
Front Panel Test Point
Relative to Input
Presentation_ID Kirkpatrick 092509
© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.
MHz
dB
46 - 1002
> 50
dBmV
dBmV
dBmV
dBmV
dBmV
dBmV
15.3
15.0
dB
dB
dB
dB
Cisco Confidential
+6
+12
(above Broadcast RF
analog level)
1
2
7.5
Broadcast Input
-20  0.5 @
Narrowcast Input
-32  0.5@
102
Prisma EDFA
David Kirkpatrick
© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Cisco Confidential
Prisma II EDFAs
 Prisma II Optical Amplifiers offer a wide range of configurations and output
powers for architectural flexibility.
 Erbium-doped fiber amplifier modules are available in two categories:
Broadcast and Narrowcast Gain-Flattened.
 Broadcast EDFAs are typically used for the amplification of broadcast
signals which are carried by a single optical channel anywhere between
1530 nm and 1565 nm
 Narrowcast Gain Flattened EDFAs are designed for use in multiple
wavelength systems. This highly versatile EDFA maximizes system
performance and flexibility by providing constant gain control while
maintaining gain flatness for up to 40 wavelengths
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Prisma II Broadcast EDFAs
Broadcast EDFAs are typically used for the amplification of broadcast
signals which are carried by a single optical channel anywhere between
1530 nm and 1565 nm
 The Prisma II Optical Amplifiers are available as Pre-Amplifier, PostAmplifier, Hybrid Amplifier, and Gain-Flattened Amplifier (EDFA) modules.
 Many output power and port configuration options are available
Single output from 13dBm to 24dBm
Mulitport output from 2x17dBm to 24x19dBm
Presentation_ID Kirkpatrick 092509
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Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier
 Narrowcast Gain Flattened EDFAs are designed for use in multiple
wavelength systems. This highly versatile EDFA maximizes system
performance and flexibility by providing constant gain control while
maintaining gain flatness for up to 40 wavelengths.
 The Prisma II (Full Height) gain-flattened amplifier is available at 17 &
20dBm max composite output power levels.
 The new high density GF- EDFAs are available in 17 & 20dBm low and
high gain
NOTE: Configuration and settings of GF-EDFA not covered in this section.
Presentation_ID Kirkpatrick 092509
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EDFA Operation
 Operating over a wide range of input powers from a TX or another EDFA,
the amplifier modules provide high performance transmission of voice,
video data signals for optical networking
 Depending on the system you ordered, the system may consist of a single
amplifier module with 1 to 8 outputs or pre/post amp configuration with 10
to 24 outputs.
Presentation_ID Kirkpatrick 092509
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107
PII EDFA Front Panel
 The Prisma II Optical Amplifier front panel is designed with one input
connector and one or more output connectors. ALARM and LASER
indicators on the front panel allow you to monitor laser and alarm status at
a glance.
Part
Function
Alarm Indicator
Illuminates or blinks when an
alarm condition occurs.
Laser On Indicator Illuminates when there is optical
power present.
Optical Output
Connects the output signal to the
optical cable.
Optical Input
Connects the input signal to the
optical cable
Presentation_ID Kirkpatrick 092509
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108
Configuring the Module using LCI
1. In the module tree, right-click the module, and then click Details
Presentation_ID Kirkpatrick 092509
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Configuring the Module using LCI
 The Module Details window appears as shown below
2. Under Controls, double-click the parameter you want to configure to
display its Change Value dialog box. For example
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Configuring the Module using LCI
 Result: The Change Value box opens. The graphic below shows the
dialog box for the Enable Laser parameter
3. Depending on the parameter you chose, select or type a new value.
4. Click Execute. The new value appears next to the parameter
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PII EDFA Operating Status Parameters
Note: Not all parameters pertain to every EDFA. However, some optical amplifiers have
multiple lasers and so have multiple laser temperatures, limits, bias, and so on.
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PII EDFA Configurable Parameters
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Prisma DPON (RFOG)
David Kirkpatrick
© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Cisco Confidential
Creating a Versatile RFoG Solution
 Why has HFC been so successful? Versatility!
 What does an RFoG solution need to be versatile?
– Support migration to DOCSIS 3.0 upstream four 64 QAM
channel bonding (modem min/max +51dBmV)
– Enable transition to multiple DOCSIS devices, such as
True2Way® DSG devices (10-15dB loss)
– Mirror FSAN & IEEE PON link budgets; for future needs
(28dB @ 1310nm & 26dB @ 1610nm)
– Simple system installation (plug & play)
 Key factor for all of these RFoG considerations is the
system upstream dynamic range
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Upstream Dynamic Range
R-ONU (ONT) acceptable input range
Factory calibration accuracy
(+/- 0.5 dB optical, +/- 1.0 dB RF)
Hub setup accuracy (+/- 1.0 dB)
+3 dBm
-20 dB
CMTS
RX
+20
0
dBmV
dBmV
WDM
1:32
Link gain ? Fixed or Variable?
Minimum upstream dynamic range:
+/- 3.0 dB
+/- 1.5 dB
+/- 1.0 dB
+/- 1.0 dB
+/- 1.0 dB
CMTS power adjust
CMTS accuracy
ONT optical output accuracy
ONT link gain
Hub setup accuracy
+/- 7.5 dB = 15 dB minimum
>15 dB minimum desirable dynamic range
using any frequency plan
Presentation_ID Kirkpatrick 092509
ONT
or
1:64
Power measurement accuracy (+/- 1.5 dB)
Upstream power adjust threshold (+/- 3.0 dB)
[default is 1.0, some use 6.0]
© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.
Home losses
-10 dB
Modem
+30
dBmV
+40
dBmV
Typical unit to unit accuracy (+/- 1.0 dB)
Amplitude Modulation has additional loss
that is a function of the link budget
Likely additional dynamic range contributors:
 Link loss variation
– 2 dB RF for 1 dB optical in Amplitude
Modulation (not an issue with Digital or
Frequency Modulation)
 Temperature effects on laser OMI
 Future additional loading (full 5-42 MHz)
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Technology Considerations
Achieve >15 dB upstream dynamic range with DOCSIS
3.0 loading
 Amplitude Modulation (AM)
– Existing HFC receivers have limited performance
– New low-noise AM technology produces 23dB link budget at best
– “Variable” link gain
 Digital
– Can achieve 28dB link budget
– “Fixed” link gain
– However, costly approach
 Frequency Modulation (FM)
– Can achieve 28dB link budget
– “Fixed” link gain
– Simple installation (plug & play)
Cisco investigated all reverse
technologies listed.
Cisco selected the FM approach since
this was the only technology that costeffectively achieved the desired system
performance.
Cisco called FM return “Wideband”.
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FM Technology Upstream Performance
FM RFoG BER, 4-64QAM 6.4 MHz ch. Loading, ITU-C
Upstream / 38.8 MHz, 26dB link/ 0 to 50C
1.0E-02
pre-FEC BER
1.0E-03
1.0E-04
1.0E-05
25dB
1.0E-06
1.0E-07
1.0E-08
1.0E-09
5.0
10.0
15.0
20.0
25.0
30.0
35.0
40.0
45.0
TX input level (dBm V/ch)
PON4 0C 38.8MHz
PON4 50C 38.8MHz
Cisco Wideband Solution Produces >25dB Dynamic Range at 1.0E-06
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Benefit of FM Rx Technology
Subscriber distances based on 3000+ nodes from three major markets
9.00%
~$370 /73%
HC
8.00%
7.00%
5 km*
15% of subs
~$400 / HC
6.00%
1:64
3 km
5% of subs
15 km
77% of subs
1:32
16.5 km
82% of subs
25 km
97% of subs
5.00%
4.00%
-
3.00%
2.00%
1.00%
0.00%
AM FM
1:64 1:128
FM
1:64
AM
1:32
FM
1:128
97%
66%
Percentage of Total
L-N AM
Cost of PON optics & electronics per home connected
+
+
44 dBmV
drive level
15dB upstream
dynamic range
FM
1:32
30 dBmV
drive level
25dB upstream
dynamic range
FM
1:16
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35
* -5dBm ONT receive level, 47dB CNR
PON Distance
PON Distance
(km)
 FM approach reduces Headend optics & rack unit requirement by 50% for
approximately the same outside plant distance as AM
 FM approach enables further reach & more splits (as high as 1:128)
Note: Four bonded 64 QAM 6.4MHz upstream channel loading, all OSP assumptions are constant between split ratios and Rx technology, 1 GHz downstream loading with 48dB CNR
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Benefit of FM Rx Technology
Cisco Wideband (FM) D-PON Solution Has Plug & Play
Installation
Prisma D-PON Architecture
Padding
RF Com
0dBmV
XdBmV
30dBmV
20dBmV
Fixed Return of -10dB
 Wideband solution has fixed gain in the return; therefore, every PON Rx is padded with the
exact same level
AM RFoG Architecture
Padding
RF Com
0dBmV
YdBmV
ONT
Tx
XdBmV
Rx
X-ΔdBmV
ONT
Loss varies by 10dB Δ
 AM Rx solutions have different loss levels for each PON return; therefore, the system requires
complicated PON load balancing for each PON (every PON unique)
 AM RX solutions will require periodic rebalancing
Cisco Wideband Solution Enables Simplified System Installation
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Prisma D-PON System
Prisma D-PON System with Wideband Reverse Technology
Broadcast
Prisma D-PON Tx & EDFA
Residential &
Commercial Builds
Prisma D-PON
ONT/ONU
1550
1:32/64
PON
3 PON WDM LGX
CMTS
1610
28dB Link Budget
@ 1310nm
Prisma D-PON Dual Rx
1. DOCSIS 3.0 four channel US bonding
2. Multiple DOCSIS devices
3. 28dB link budget (same as FSAN & IEEE)
5.1GHz 1550 Tx (78 analog
& 75 QAM)
6.48dB CNR at the
subscriber
D-PON Enables Transition from HFC to RFoG to DOCSIS 3.0 & xPON
7.HE optics in dense, low
4. λ compatibility with existing & future PONs
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Prisma II with D-PON Optics Modules
D-PON Forward Optics Modules
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Prisma II Chassis




1 wide 1550nm 1 GHz Tx module

2 wide 4x21.5dBm EDFA module

2 wide 8x21.5dBm EDFA module
D-PON Wideband Rx Module

Lowest power consumption in
Industry: 15 Watts max per slot
Largest upstream dynamic range
in the industry

Element management through
ICIM, EMS Network Management
Software
Supports DOCSIS 3.0 loading
over FSAN & IEEE optical link
budgets

All metal construction results in
extremely rigid chassis frame
Only RFoG solution with fixed
gain in the return (-10dB)

FM Rx muting (no CNR hit for RF
combining PONs)
1 GHz
DOCSIS
Transport
128 Home
Service
Groupings
Proven,
Scalable
1 GHztoFTTH
Transport
to Small
Service Groups
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Prisma D-PON Service Group Migration
512 Home Service Group Configuration
256 Home Service Group Configuration
1:32 PON
1:32 PON
x2
1:2
Remove 1:2
1:32 PON
256 Home Service Group Configuration
1:32 PON
128 Home Service Group Configuration
1:32 PON
1:32 PON
x2
x4
1:2
Remove 1:2
1:32 PON
1:32 PON
Prisma D-PON Modules Enable “Virtual Node Splits”;
26dB Link Budget Enables 1:64 Home Passed PON
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Prisma D-PON WDM LGX Module
 Highest density & lowest loss RFoG WDM
– Triple BWDM high-density LGX configuration
serves three independent PONs per module
– Consistent performance & low insertion loss
 Combines up to four wavelengths
– 1550nm forward RF optics
– 1610nm reverse RF optics (SCTE wavelength)
– 1490nm forward xPON optics
– 1310nm reverse xPON optics
 Two BWDM versions:
– D-PON only (two wavelength option)
– D-PON & xPON (four wavelength option)
 Other passives
– Multiple split ratios for couplers/splitters available in
both LGX and 1RU rack mount modules
Presentation_ID Kirkpatrick 092509
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Prisma D-PON ONT (R-ONU)
 Prisma D-PON R-ONU has three powering options
– DC jack
– F connector (DC)
– DC twisted pair
 >15dBmV RF output
 Pass through filter can be added to the optional fiber
management tray to support overlay with existing &
future FSAN & IEEE PONs (shown far right)
 Anti-babble & excessive RF input protection
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