MB1010

MB1010
®
MB1010
™
LV-MaxSonar -EZ1
High Performance
Sonar Range Finder
With 2.5V - 5.5V power the LV-MaxSonar®EZ1™ provides very short to long-range
detection and ranging, in an incredibly
small package. The LV-MaxSonar®-EZ1™
detects objects from 0-inches to 254-inches
(6.45-meters) and provides sonar range
information from 6-inches out to 254-inches
with 1-inch resolution. Objects from 0inches to 6-inches range as 6-inches. The
interface output formats included are pulse
width output, analog voltage output, and
serial digital output.
Features
• Continuously variable gain
for beam control and side
lobe suppression
• Object detection includes
zero range objects
• 2.5V to 5.5V supply with
2mA typical current draw
• Readings can occur up to
every 50mS, (20-Hz rate)
• Free run operation can
continually measure and
output range information
• Triggered operation provides
the range reading as desired
• All interfaces are active
simultaneously
• Serial, 0 to Vcc, 9600Baud,
81N
• Analog, (Vcc/512) / inch
• Pulse width, (147uS/inch)
• Learns ringdown pattern
when commanded to start
ranging
• Designed for protected
indoor environments
• Sensor operates at 42KHz
• High output square wave
sensor drive (double Vcc)
F
G
C
N
GND
+5
B
TX
E
RX
AN
brown
dot
PW
H
*BW M
D
L
A
*Brown dot parts enhanced for low noise chaining
K
J
approximately
actual size
Benefits
• Very low cost sonar
ranger
• Reliable and stable range
data
• Sensor dead zone
virtually gone
• Lowest power ranger
• Quality beam
characteristics
• Mounting holes provided
on the circuit board
• Very low power ranger,
excellent for multiple
sensor or battery based
systems
• Can be triggered
externally or internally
• Sensor reports the range
reading directly, frees up
user processor
• Fast measurement cycle
• User can choose any of
the three sensor outputs
A
0.785"
19.9 mm
H 0.100"
2.54 mm
B
0.870"
22.1 mm
J 0.610"
15.5 mm
C
0.100"
2.54 mm
K 0.645"
16.4 mm
D
0.100"
2.54 mm
L 0.735"
18.7 mm
E
0.670"
17.0 mm
M 0.065"
1.7 mm
F
0.510"
12.6 mm
N 0.038" dia. 1.0 mm dia.
G 0.124" dia. 3.1 mm dia.
weight, 4.3 grams
values are nominal
Beam Characteristics
People detection requires high sensitivity, yet a
narrow beam angle requires low sensitivity. The
LV-MaxSonar-EZ1 balances the detection of
people with a narrow beam width.
Sample results for measured beam patterns are
shown below on a 12-inch grid. The detection
pattern is shown for;
(A) 0.25-inch diameter dowel, note the narrow
beam for close small objects,
(B) 1-inch diameter dowel, note the long narrow
detection pattern,
(C) 3.25-inch diameter rod, note the long
controlled detection pattern,
(D) 11-inch wide board moved left to right with
the board parallel to the front sensor face
and the sensor stationary. This shows
the sensor’s range capability.
D
Note: The displayed beam width of (D) is
a function of the specular nature of sonar
and the shape of the board (i.e.
flat mirror like) and should
never be confused with
actual sensor
C
beam width.
B
- 20 ft.
- 15 ft.
- 10 ft.
5V
3.3V
A
- 5 ft.
beam characteristics are approximate
®
MaxBotix
Inc.
MaxBotix, MaxSonar & EZ1 are trademarks of MaxBotix Inc.
LV-EZ1™ • Patent 7,679,996 • Copyright 2005 - 2012
Page 1
Email: [email protected]
Web:
www.maxbotix.com
PD10003e
®
MB1010
™
LV-MaxSonar -EZ1 Pin Out
GND – Return for the DC power supply. GND (& Vcc) must be
ripple and noise free for best operation.
+5V – Vcc – Operates on 2.5V - 5.5V. Recommended current
capability of 3mA for 5V, and 2mA for 3V.
, – When the *BW is open or held low, the TX output delivers
TX
asynchronous serial with an RS232 format, except voltages are 0Vcc. The output is an ASCII capital “R”, followed by three ASCII
character digits representing the range in inches up to a maximum of
255, followed by a carriage return (ASCII 13). The baud rate is
9600, 8 bits, no parity, with one stop bit. Although the voltage of 0Vcc is outside the RS232 standard, most RS232 devices have
sufficient margin to read 0-Vcc serial data. If standard voltage level
RS232 is desired, invert, and connect an RS232 converter such as a
MAX232.
*Brown dot parts: When BW pin is held high the TX output
sends a single pulse, suitable for low noise chaining (no serial data).
™
RX – This pin is internally pulled high. The EZ1 will continually
measure range and output if the RX pin is left unconnected or held
™
high. If held low the EZ1 will stop ranging. Bring high 20uS or
more for range reading.
AN – Outputs analog voltage with a scaling factor of (Vcc/512) per
inch. A supply of 5V yields ~9.8mV/in. and 3.3V yields ~6.4mV/in.
The output is buffered and corresponds to the most recent range data.
®
™
LV-MaxSonar -EZ1 Circuit
®
™
The LV-MaxSonar -EZ1 sensor functions using
active components consisting of an LM324, a diode
array, a PIC16F676, together with a variety of
passive components.
PW – This pin outputs a pulse width representation of range. To
calculate distance use the scale factor of 147uS per inch.
BW – *Leave open or hold low for serial output on the TX output.
*Brown dot parts: When BW pin is held high the TX output
sends a pulse (instead of serial data), suitable for low noise chaining.
®
™
LV-MaxSonar -EZ1 Timing Description
®
™
250mS after power-up, the LV-MaxSonar -EZ1 is ready to accept the RX command. If the RX pin is left open or held
high, the sensor will first run a calibration cycle (49mS), and then it will take a range reading (49mS). After the power up
®
™
delay, the first reading will take an additional ~100mS. Subsequent readings will take 49mS. The LV-MaxSonar -EZ1
checks the RX pin at the end of every cycle. Range data can be acquired once every 49mS.
®
™
Each 49mS period starts by the RX being high or open, after which the LV-MaxSonar -EZ1 sends thirteen 42KHz
waves, after which the pulse width pin (PW) is set high. When a target is detected the PW pin is pulled low. The PW pin is
high for up to 37.5mS if no target is detected. The remainder of the 49mS time (less 4.7mS) is spent adjusting the analog
voltage to the correct level. When a long distance is measured immediately after a short distance reading, the analog
voltage may not reach the exact level within one read cycle. During the last 4.7mS, the serial data is sent. The LV®
™
MaxSonar -EZ1 timing is factory calibrated to one percent at five volts, and in use is better than two percent. In addition,
operation at 3.3V typically causes the objects range, to be reported, one to two percent further than actual.
®
™
LV-MaxSonar -EZ1 General Power-Up Instruction
®
™
Each time after the LV-MaxSonar -EZ1 is powered up, it will calibrate during its first read cycle. The sensor uses this
stored information to range a close object. It is important that objects not be close to the sensor during this calibration
cycle. The best sensitivity is obtained when it is clear for fourteen inches, but good results are common when clear for at
least seven inches. If an object is too close during the calibration cycle, the sensor may then ignore objects at that distance.
®
™
The LV-MaxSonar -EZ1 does not use the calibration data to temperature compensate for range, but instead to
compensate for the sensor ringdown pattern. If the temperature, humidity, or applied voltage changes during operation, the
sensor may require recalibration to reacquire the ringdown pattern. Unless recalibrated, if the temperature increases, the
sensor is more likely to have false close readings. If the temperature decreases, the sensor is more likely to have reduced up
®
™
close sensitivity. To recalibrate the LV-MaxSonar -EZ1 , cycle power, then command a read cycle.
Product / specifications subject to change without notice. For more info visit www.maxbotix.com
®
MaxBotix
Inc.
MaxBotix, MaxSonar & EZ1 are trademarks of MaxBotix Inc.
LV-EZ1™ • Patent 7,679,996 • Copyright 2005 - 2012
Page 2
Email: [email protected]
Web:
www.maxbotix.com
PD10003e
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