A.O. Smith 510 User manual

A.O. Smith 510 User manual
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
510 Direct Vent Indoor
and Outdoor Models
On-Demand Water Heater
Service Manual
510 Indoor
510 Outdoor
A.O. Smith Water Products Company
500 Tennessee Waltz Parkway
Ashland City, TN 37015
Toll Free: 1-877-737-2840
1
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
Table of Contents
1. Specifications………………………………………...…...………….……………………...………………………… 3
2. Exterior view……………………...…….…………………………………………………………………………….... 4
3. Interior view…………………………….……………………………………………………………………………….. 6
4. List of main components in the interior view…….…………………………………………………….… 8
5. Schematic diagram……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 10
6. Wiring diagram………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
11
7. Wiring diagram checkpoints for diagnosis………………………..………………….………………….… 12
8. Resistance values of the temperature thermistors…………..………………………………………… 14
9. Operational flow chart…………………………………………………………………………………………….… 15
10. Component specifications………………...…………………………………………………………………….… 16
11. Fault Analysis & Specifications…………………………………………………………………………………..
36
12. Controls and settings……………………………………………………………………………………………….… 46
13. Components diagrams……………………………………………………………….................................. 70
14. Parts list…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 73
15. Revisions……………………………………………………...………………………………………………………...... 77
2
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
1. Specifications of the 510 Direct Vent Indoor* and Outdoor
Model
H20.5"×W13.8"×D8.5"
Weight
39 lbs.
Combustion
Water control
Max
199,000
Min
11,000
Combustion System
Power vent
Installation
Indoor & Direct-vent
Outdoor
Fan motor
PWM turbo fan
PWN multi blade fan motor
LP 3.5” WC
Natural 2.0” WC
LP 0.7” WC
Natural 0.4” WC
LP 4.4” WC
Natural 2.8” WC
LP 0.9” WC
Natural 0.5” WC
Manifold
Pressure*
Operation
510 Outdoor
Dimensions
INPUT
BTU/h
Features
510 Indoor
Max
Min
Flow rate
Available set
temperatures
Temperature
dipswitch settings
0.75 to 10.0 GPM
99 to 185°F
default: 122°F
104°F, 113°F, 122°F, 131°F, 140°F, 158°F, 176°F, 185°F
Bypass valve
Yes
Thermistors
3 thermistors (In, Out, Mixing)
Remote controller
model
9007603005
PCB model
510
Indicators
Red LED on PCB during operation & 7-SEG LED
Power supply
control
Surge absorber & Power ON-OFF switch
Freeze protection
Ceramic heaters and Auto-firing system
Self-combustion
improvement
Air-Fuel Ratio Detection System
Easy-Link system
Yes (Up to 4 units)
Multiple-system
N/A
*The 510 Direct Vent Indoor means the 510 Indoor in the text.
**The manifold pressure measurement is based on conditions without front cover.
3
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
2. Exterior view
510 Indoor
Side view
Front view
1 3- 3 /4 " ( 3 50 m m)
1 0 " (2 5 4 mm )
3- 9 /8
1- 3 /4 " ( 4 5m m )
1 -5 / 8" ( 4 3m m )
(
1 0 1 mm )
1 - 3/ 4 " ( 4 5 mm )
2 0- 1 /4 " ( 52 0 m m)
1 - 3/ 8 " (3 6 m m)
2 1- 3 /8 " ( 54 4 m m)
1 9- 3 /8 " ( 49 3 m m)
4- 3 /8 " ( 11 3 m m)
1 " (2 6 m m)
CO L D
2 - 7 /8 " ( 71 m m )
1 2 0 VA C
3- 7 /8 " ( 9 9m m )
G AS
5- 1 / 4" ( 1 35 m m )
HOT
6 - 1/ 2 " (1 6 4 mm )
1- 7 /8 " ( 4 7m m )
C OL D
HOT
3- 1 /4 " ( 84 m m )
1 2 0V
5 -1 / 4 " (1 3 3 mm )
GA S
1 -3 / 8 " (3 6 mm )
4- 7 / 8" ( 1 24 m m )
9 -1 / 2 " ( 2 41 m m )
Bottom view
5-1/4" (133mm)
GAS
4-7/8" (124mm)
COLD
3-7/8" (99mm)
(71mm)
120VAC
2-7/8"
COLD
HOT
4- 3 / 8 " ( 1 1 3 m m )
6-1/2" (164mm)
5-1/8" (130mm)
3-1/4" (84mm)
4
120VAC
5-1/4" (135mm)
HOT
13-1/8" (334mm)
GAS
Top view
1-3/8" (36mm)
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
510 Outdoor
Side view
Front view
1 3- 3 /4 " (3 50 m m )
1 0 " ( 2 54 mm )
4 -3 / 8" ( 11 3 mm )
7- 7 /8 " (2 0 3m m )
1- 3 /4 " (4 5m m )
5 " ( 1 28 m m)
1 - 5/ 8" ( 43 m m)
2 0- 1/ 4 " ( 5 20 m m)
1 9- 3 /8 " (4 93 m m)
2 1- 3/ 8 " ( 5 44 m m)
1 -3 / 4" ( 45 m m)
1 " (2 6m m )
CO LD
2- 7 /8 " (7 1 mm )
1 2 0V A C
3 -7 / 8" ( 99 m m)
GA S
5 -1 / 4" ( 13 5 mm )
H OT
6 - 1 /2 " (1 64 m m)
1- 7 /8 " (4 7 mm )
C O LD
HO T
3- 1 /4 " (8 4 mm )
1 20 V
5 - 1/ 4 " ( 1 33 m m)
GA S
1 - 3/ 8 " ( 3 6m m )
4 -7 / 8" ( 12 4 mm )
9 - 1/ 2 " ( 2 41 m m)
Bottom view
5-1/4" (133mm)
GAS
4-7/8" (124mm)
3-7/8" (99mm)
(71mm)
120VAC
2-7/8"
COLD
6-1/2" (164mm)
HOT
COLD
3-1/4" (84mm)
5
120VAC
5-1/4" (135mm)
HOT
13-1/8" (334mm)
GAS
Top view
1-3/8" (36mm)
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
3. Interior view
510 Indoor
30
12
1
16
10
18
31
32
11
23
22
24
26
20
2
18
4
15
19
28
3
27
5
29
9
7
21
6
6
25
8
14
13
17
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
510 Indoor
12
1
16
30
10
18
31
32
23
11
22
24
26
20
2
18
4
15
28
19
3
27
5
29
9
7
7
21
6
25
8
14
13
17
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
4. List of main components in the interior view
Items# in
No.
Description
components
diagram
1
2
Case assembly
Manifold assembly with gas
valve assembly
AOS
Common parts
Part #
for other models
319143-151 (510 Indoor)
001
319143-211 (510 Outdoor)
319143-046 (LP model)
102
319143-368 (NA model)
3
Computer board
701
319143-179
4
Igniter
711
319143-052
5
Transformer
702
319143-182
110, 310
6
Water inlet
404
319143-193
110, 310
7
Water outlet
409
319143-194
110, 310
8
Inlet thermistor
407
319143-085
9
Mixing thermistor
408
319143-190
10
Overheat cut-off fuse
413
319143-149
11
Burner assembly (Burners)
101
319143-030
12
Hi-limit switch
412
319143-095
13
Fan motor
103
Freeze protection
713
319143-185 (510 Indoor)
thermostat
710
319143-210 (510 Outdoor)
15
Flow sensor
402
319143-178
16
Heat exchanger assembly
401
17
Gas inlet
118
319143-050
110, 310, 520
18
Heater
414
319143-200
110, 310
19
Flow adjustment valve
402
319143-178
20
Surge box
703
319143-168
14
110, 310, 710,
910, 520
110, 310, 910
319143-043 (510 Indoor)
319143-217 (510 Outdoor)
310
110, 310
319143-369 (510 Indoor)
319143-177 (510 Outdoor)
8
110, 310
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
Items# in
No.
Description
components
diagram
AOS
Common parts
Part #
for other models
110, 310, 910
21
Outlet drain plug
410
319143-199
22
Air-fuel ratio rod (AFR rod)
108
319143-035
23
Flame rod
108
319143-035
24
Igniter rod
109
319143-037
25
Inlet drain plug (water filter)
405
319143-197
110, 310
706
319143-141
110, 310, 520
Included in
319143-046 (LP model)
#102
319143-368 (NA model)
26
120 VAC Power ON-OFF
switch
27
Gas valve assembly
28
Manifold port
N/A
N/A
29
Gas inlet port
N/A
N/A
30
Exhaust chamber
Included in
319143-369 (510 Indoor)
#401
319143-177 (510 Outdoor)
31
Output thermistor
411
319143-096
32
Bypass valve
403
319143-186
9
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
5. Schematic diagram
The diagram below refers to both the 510 Indoor and 510 Outdoor.
Hi-limit SW
O.H.C.F
Output
Thermistor
Air-fuel ratio rod
Flame rod
Bypass valve
Igniter rod
Fan motor
Igniter
Flow adjustment valve
with Flow sensor
Gas solenoid valve 1
Heater
Main gas valve
PCB
Mixing
Thermistor
Drain plug
H
O
T
Inlet
Thermistor
G
A
S
Gas proportional valve
C
O
L
D
Gas solenoid valve 2
Gas solenoid valve 3
Inlet drain
plug filter
Transformer
1. When a hot water tap is opened, cold water enters the 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor.
2. The water flow sensor detects this water flow and sends this information to computer.
3. The computer initiates fan motor and sends signal to igniter to create ignition spark.
4. The main, proportional, and solenoid gas valves open to allow gas input.
5. The gas ignites and flames appear inside the burner chamber.
6.
Water circulates through the heat exchanger and is heated up to the set temperature.
7. Using thermistors to measure temperatures, the computer modulates the gas and water valves to
ensure proper output water temperatures.
8. When the tap is closed, the 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor shuts down.
10
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
6. Wiring diagram
The diagram below refers to both the 510 Indoor and 510 Outdoor.
W
White
R
Red
G
Green
Black
Y
Yellow
Purple
O
Orange
BK
P
LB
BL
Light blue
BR
W
Brown
R
BK
G
BL
Y
O
Gas
Proportional
Valve
W
W
R
R
W
Flow
Sensor
W
BK
BK
R
R
W
AFR rod
Y
G
O
Ground
Flow
Adjust
ment
Valve
Bypass
Valve
R
BK
R
BK
R
BK
R
BK
Pump
connectors
I
J
P
P
BK
W
Igniter rod
BL
BL
MV
SV 1
O.H.C.F
BL
LB
G
O
R
D1
D2
SV 2
W
BK
Multi-system
On line LED
Dipswitches
SV 3
1234 56
F
O FF
1234 56
O FF
Red LED
Error call button
9007603005
7 Seg LED
Remote
controller
11
2
W
BK
BK
BK
BK
BK
MIN button
Decrease button
IG
Hilimit
switch
BL
BL
BL
BL
9
Freeze
protection
thermostat
1
MAX button
Increase button
C1
C2
Heater
BK
P
A1
Heater
W
P
73
J1
K
W
7
53
SW
W
BK
BK
3
BR
BR
Ground
7
C
Flame rod
G
G
BR
BR
BK
33
Ground
A3
W
BK
Transformer
A
H1 B1
H2
B
120 VAC
Surge
box
W
BK
PCB
FM
A2
Blue
Parent
Mixing
thermistor
E1
BK
E2
BK
Output
thermistor
Inlet
thermistor
E3
BK
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
7. Wiring diagram check points for diagnosis
The table below applies to both the 510 Indoor and 510 Outdoor.
Checkpoint
Part and Description
Color of wires
White – Black (A)
Normal range
A, A1
100V Power supply
A2, A3
120V Power supply
Black - White
108 to 132 VAC
B
Igniter
Purple - Purple
90 to 110 VAC
B1
Heater
Black - Black
90 to 110 VAC
Brown – Brown (A1)
Light blue - blue at COM (MV)
Green - blue at COM (SV1)
C
Gas valves
Orange - blue at COM (SV2)
Red - blue at COM (SV3)
90 to 110 VAC
78 to 100 VDC (during
operation) / 0.9 to 1.3 kΩ
78 to 100 VDC (during
operation) / 1.3 to 1.9 kΩ
78 to 100 VDC (during
operation) / 1.3 to 1.9 kΩ
78 to 100 VDC (during
operation) / 0.9 to 1.7 kΩ
Less than 1 VDC
C1
Hi-limit switch
Blue - Blue
and
less than 1.0 Ω
Less than 1 VDC
C2
Overheat cutoff fuse
Blue - Blue
and
less than 1.0 Ω
15 VDC
D1,D2
Easy-link connectors
Black - White
E1
Mixing thermistor
Black - Black
E2
Output thermistor
Black - Black
E3
Inlet thermistor
Black - Black
F
Remote controller
*
11 to 25 VDC
Red - Blue
110 to 160 VDC
Yellow - Blue
13 to 17 VDC
Orange - Blue
2 to 6.5 VDC
G
Fan motor
12
(during Easy-link operation)
See table on p. 11
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
Checkpoint
Part and Description
Color of wires
Normal range
1 to 15 VDC
H1
Gas proportional valve
White - red
(during operation)
and
20 to 40 Ω
Red - Black
H2
Flow sensor
4 to 5.5 VDC
1 to 4 VDC (pulse)
White - Black
1,080 pulse / min
(more than 18 Hz)
Yellow - AFR rod
Air-fuel ratio rod
(Between AFR rod and
the computer board)
I
Orange - Flame rod
Flame rod
(Between flame rod and
the computer board)
J
Flow adjustment valve
Red - Black
J1
Bypass valve
Red - Black
K
Pump connector port
White - Black
13
More than 0.5 μA
(during operation)
More than 1 μA
(during operation)
7 to 16 VDC and
0.09 to 0.2 kΩ
7 to 16 VDC and
0.09 to 0.2 kΩ
Less than 1.3 Ω
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
8. Resistance values of the temperature thermistors
The 510 Indoor and 510 Outdoor use the same thermistors.
Resistance values at different temperatures
ºF
32
41
50
59
68
77
86
95
104
113
ºC
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
Resistance
kΩ
23.76
19.08
15.43
8.47
7.02
5.85
4.90
Temperature
ºF
122
131
140
176
185
194
Temperature
Resistance
ºC
50
55
60
kΩ
3.49
2.96
2.53
12.56
10.28
149
158
65
2.16
167
70
1.86
75
80
85
90
1.60
1.39
1.21
1.05
4.12
203
95
0.92
212
100
0.81
Temperature(ºF) vs. Resistance(kΩ)
25.00
Resisitance (kΩ)
20.00
15.00
10.00
5.00
0.00
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
60
70
80
90
100
Temperature (ºF)
Temperature(℃) vs. Resistance(kΩ)
25.00
Resisitance (kΩ)
20.00
15.00
10.00
5.00
0.00
0
10
20
30
40
50
Temperature (ºC)
14
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
9. Operational flow chart
The diagram below refers to both the 510 Indoor and 510 Outdoor.
Power supply ON
FAV&BV open
Operation SW ON
Pre-check
NORMAL?
YES
Faucet opens
Remove cause
Opeartion lamp OFF
NO
Operation stop
NO
Water Flow
Above 0.75GPM?
YES
BV modulates
Flow&temp
FM speed
(Below
1,000rpm?)
False Dipswitch
settings
031 blink
InTH failure
321 blink
OuTH failure
311 blink
MiTH failure
331 blink
PCB failure
701 blink
SV circuit failure
510 blink
NO
Flow sensor OFF
Faucet closes
YES
Fan moter start
operation
611 blink
FM speed
(Above
1,000rpm?)
NO
Fan motor stop
operation
(20sec later)
Fan motor stop operation
YES
Flame rod
NO
detects Below
DC0.15 A?
False flame
721 blink
YES
Igniter ON
Hi-limit
Normal?
YES
OHCF
Normal?
NO
YES
111 blink
NO
Reignition
Success?
NO
121 blink
YES
MV ON
SV2 ON
GPV ON
FAV ;
B V ;
F M ;
OHCF;
M V ;
SV1 ;
SV2 ;
SV3 ;
GPV ;
InTH;
OuTH;
MiTH;
PCB ;
Flow Adjustment Valve
Bypass Valve
Fan Motor
Over Heat Cut-off Fuse
Main gas Valve
Solenoid Valve 1 (See the section 6)
Solenoid Valve 2 (See the section 6)
Solenoid Valve 3 (See the section 6)
Gas Proportional Valve
Inlet thermistor
Output thermistor
Mixing thermistor
Print Circuit board
(Computer board)
AFR ; Air Fuel Ratio rod
Igniter OFF
MV OFF
SV2 OFF
GPV OFF
SV1 SV3 OFF
Flame rod
NO
detects Above
(5sec later)
DC1.0 A?
YES
Burning lamp ON
Igniter OFF
Proportional control
BTU
change over
point?
NO
SV1 SV3 OFF
YES
SV1 SV3 ON
NO
Below water
heat capability?
391 blink
121 blink
991 blink
Abnormal
burning
AFR rod failure
FAV close
OHCF melted
(above 430 F)
YES
Below
NO
Max flow rate
restriction?
YES
FAV OPEN
Safety devices
YES
sensed
abnormal condition
311 blink
OuTH OPEN
or SHORT
321 blink
InTH OPEN
or SHORT
331 blink
MiTH OPEN
or SHORT
(20sec later)
NO
15
611 blink
Fan motor
fault
121 blink
Flame
blows out
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
10. Component specifications
10-1. Burners……………………..………………………………………………………………………....………. 17
10-2. Gas manifold………….………………………………………………………………………………….....
18
10-3. Fan motor………………………………………………………………………...…………………………… 19
10-4. Gas valve assembly………………..……………………….…………………………………………….. 20
10-5. Flame rod………………………………………………………….………………………………………….. 21
10-6. AFR rod…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 22
10-7. Heat exchanger……………………………………………………………………………………………… 23
10-8. Flow adjustment valve…………….……………………………………….....……………………….. 24
10-9. Flow sensor……………………………………..……………………………………………………………. 25
10-10. Bypass valve………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 26
10-11. Thermistors……….………………………..……………………………………..…………………………. 27
10-12. Hi-limit switch…………………..…………………………………………………........................... 28
10-13. Overheat cutoff fuse…..………………………………………………………….........................
29
10-14. Freeze protection heaters…………….……………………………………………………………….. 30
10-15. Computer board……………….…………………………………………………………………………… 31
10-16. Transformer. ………...………………………………………………………………………………………. 32
10-17. Igniter………………………………………………………………………………............................... 33
10-18. Freeze protection thermostat…………………………………………………….....................
34
10-19. Surge box………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 35
16
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
10-1. Burners
Unit Part #
#101
AOS Part #
319143-030
Checkpoint
N/A
There are 2 types of burners in the water heater: the gas-rich burner
stabilizes the flames within the combustion chamber and the air-rich burner
Function
produces more heat in the combustion chamber. The burners facilitate the
air/gas mixture necessary to produce the proper heat during the
combustion reaction.
1. Unable to initialize/sustain combustion.
2. Dust or soot deposit on the burner surface.
Failure events
3. Cracks on the burners.
4. Gas leakage from the burners.
1. Unexpected combustion.
Effects on the water 2. Unstable flame conditions and/or flame loss.
heater if burners fails
3. Ignition failure.
4. Back-firing.
Error codes when the
101
111
121
991
burners fails
Visual inspection: excessive dust deposit on the burner surface and/or
Diagnostic
unstable flame conditions during operation.
Color/Number of wires
N/A
59K
"59 K " m ar k
The burner damper is not
included in 319143-030.
9 " (2 29 mm )
5 - 1 / 4 " ( 1 3 2 .3 m m )
7 - 7/ 8 " ( 2 01 m m )
1 - 3/ 4 " ( 4 4m m )
Burner damper (#112 / 319143-156)
7 - 1 / 2 " ( 1 8 9 .6 m m )
The burner for the 510 Indoor and 510 Outdoor has the “46V” mark as shown below.
17
"4 6 V " m a r k
46 V
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
10-2. Gas manifold
Included
Unit Part #
in #102
AOS Part #
319143-046 (LP)
319143-368 (NA)
Checkpoint
N/A
1. The manifold distributes gas from the gas valves to the burners. The
manifold has two types of the nozzles: one type for gas-rich burners (16
Function
nozzles) and the other for air-rich burners (15 nozzles)
2. There are 3 zones within the manifold, to ensure efficient combustion
operation.
1. Dust deposit on the manifold.
2. Gas leakage from a failed manifold.
Failure events
3. Ignition failure.
4. Imperfect combustion.
1. The burners cannot receive proper gas flow from the manifold, which can
Effects on the water cause poor combustion in the combustion chamber. In this case, the AFR
heater if the manifold rod will detect an improper flame condition and computer will take safety
fails
measures.
2. Gas leakage from the manifold.
Error codes when the
101
111
121
991
manifold fails
1. Visual inspection: Excessive dust deposit around the nozzles or cracks on
Diagnostic
the manifold.
2. Check voltages and resistance: proper range of values shown below.
Blue-Red
Color/Number of wires
78 to 100 VDC / 0.9 to 1.7 kΩ
Nozzles for gas-rich burners
319143-046 (for LP model)
and 319143-368 (for NA
model) is an assembly of
the gas manifold with the
gas valve assembly. For
safety
reasons,
these
assemblies
should
be
installed in the unit as a
whole set.
The gas manifold for the LP
has the “46V” mark, and
the gas manifold for the NA
has the “59J” mark on the
manifold plate.
Nozzles for air-rich burners
"46 V" ma rk
"59 J" ma rk
( LP )
( NA )
46V
59J
6 -7 /8 " (1 75 mm )
9- 1/ 8 " ( 23 2m m)
18
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
10-3. Fan motor
Unit Part #
#103
319143-043 (510 Indoor)
AOS Part #
319143-217 (510 Outdoor)
Checkpoint
G
To provide combustion air into the combustion chamber and to exhaust flue
gas.
1. Fan speed failure, causing abnormal sounds with or without combustion
during operation.
Failure events
2. Unexpected activation caused by the connectors of the fan motor getting
wet.
3. Disconnects from the bottom of the combustion chamber.
1. The water heater does not function properly.
Effects on the water
2. Failure to ignite or abnormal ignition.
heater if fan motor fails
3. Unstable combustion conditions.
Error codes when the fan
101
111
121
611
991
motor fails
1. Visual inspection: connection/breakage of wires or dust (causing electrical
Diagnostic
shortage)
2. Voltage check: proper range of voltages shown below.
Function
Color/Number of wires
Red-Blue
110 to 160 VDC (Input)
Yellow-Blue
13 to 17 VDC (Input)
Orange-Blue
2.0 to 6.5 VDC (Input)
White-Blue
6 - 1 / 2 " ( 1 6 5 .5 m m )
510 Indoor
Verify the fan motor speed using the Diagnostics Mode of
the9007603005 temperature remote controller. See Section
12-1 for details.
Fan damper (#115 / 319143-367)
3 - 3 / 4 "( 9 5 .1 5 m m )
54 m m )
5 - 3 / 8 " ( 1 3 7 .4 m m )
510 Outdoor
PWN multi blade fan motor
19
6 0mm)
2-1/8"(
/8"
(
40m
m)
The fan damper
is not included in
319143-043.
2-1 /4" (
Opening
1-5
Open ing
PWN turbo fan motor
40
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
10-4. Gas valve assembly
Unit Part #
Function
Included
AOS Part #
in #102
319143-046 (LP)
319143-368 (NA)
Checkpoint
C,H1
Opens and closes the gas pathways of the water heater (main and solenoid
gas valves)
Modulates the gas flow from the gas inlet (proportional gas valve)
1. Gas leak from the valves.
Failure events
2. Unable to open/close (main and solenoid gas valves)
3. Unable to modulate the gas flow (proportional gas valve)
1. Gas leak from the unit.
Effects on the water
2. Excess carbon monoxide emissions. / No flames.
heater if valves fails
3. Lack of water temperature control.
Error codes when the
111
121
510
701
valves fails
1. Visual inspection: connection/breakage of wires.
2. Listen for "clunk" sounds from the gas valves opening right after fan motor
Diagnostic
initiates.
3. Check voltages and resistance of coils; proper range of values shown
below.
Color/Number of wires
Blue - Light blue (MV)
78 to 100V DC (during operation) / 0.9 to 1.3 kΩ
Blue - Green (SV1)
78 to 100V DC (during operation) / 1.3 to 1.9 kΩ
Blue - Orange (SV 2)
78 to 100V DC (during operation) / 1.3 to 1.9 kΩ
Blue - Red (SV3)
78 to 100V DC (during operation) / 0.9 to 1.7 kΩ
White - Red
(Proportional valve)
1.0 to 15 VDC (during operation) / 20 to 40 Ω
319143-046 (for LP model) and 319143-368 (for NA
model) is an assembly of the gas manifold with gas valve
assembly. For safety reasons, these assemblies should be
installed in the unit as a whole set. The diagram below
shows the gas valve assembly.
4 - 1 / 4 " ( 1 0 8 m m ) 7 / 8 " ( 2 2 .2 m m )
S o l e n oi d
valve
valve
Proportional
20
va lve
3 -5 / 8" (9 1 .5m m )
Proportional Valve
gas
2 -5 / 8" ( 67 m m )
1 - 3/ 8 " ( 34 m m)
Main
4 - 5 /8 " ( 1 1 9 m m )
Gas
valve
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
10-5. Flame rod
Unit Part #
#108
AOS Part #
319143-035
Checkpoint
I
To detect flames while the water heater is in operation.
Function
1. Unable to detect flames when flames actually do occur.
2. Detecting a false flame when no flames actually occur.
1. The water heater stops operating. The "111” and/or “121” error code(s)
Effects on the water will display.
heater if flame rod fails
2. The water heater will not initiate the ignition process. The "721” error
code will display.
Error codes when the
111
121
721
flame rod fails
1. Visual inspection: connection / breakage of wires or soot buildup on rod.
Diagnostic
2. Check Amperes: proper range of values shown below.
Orange(17) - Flame rod
(During operation)
Color/Number of wires
(Between flame rod and the
More than DC 1 μA
computer board)
Failure events
The flame rod is assembled with the AFR rod.
1 - 1 / 8 " ( 2 9 .3 m m )
1-3/4" (44mm)
Detecting elements of the flame rod
Leads to computer board
3 / 4 " ( 1 7 .5 m m )
AFR
Rod
21
1 / 4 " ( 7 .5 m m )
rod
1/2" (12mm)
Flame
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
10-6. AFR rod
Unit Part #
#108
AOS Part #
319143-035
Checkpoint
I
-Checks flame conditions during combustion.
-When AFR rod detects unexpected flame conditions, the computer of the
water heater makes adjustments in the fan motor speed to compensate.
1. Unable to detect flames when flames actually do occur
Failure events
2. Detecting a false flame when no flames actually occur
1. The water heater will not initiate the ignition process. The "721” error
Effects on the water code will display.
heater if AFR rod fails
2. The fan motor speed cannot be modulated properly under abnormal flame
conditions, which can result in excessive CO emission.
Error codes when the
101
391
991
AFR rod fails
1. Visual inspection: connection/braking of wires, soot on it.
Diagnostic
2. Check voltages: proper range of values are shown below.
Function
Yellow(8) - AFR rod
Color/Number of wires
(Between AFR rod and the
(During operation)
computer board)
More than DC 0.5 μA
The AFR rod is assembled with the flame rod.
1 - 1 / 8 " ( 2 9 .3 m m )
1-3/4" (44mm)
Detecting elements (AFR and flame rods)
Leads to computer board
ro d
AFR
Ro d
22
1 / 4 " ( 7 .5 m m )
3 / 4 " ( 1 7 .5 m m )
1/2" (12mm)
F lam e
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
10-7. Heat exchanger
Unit Part #
#401
319143-369 (510 Indoor)
AOS Part #
319143-177 (510 Outdoor)
Checkpoint
N/A
Absorbs heat from combustion and transfer it to water through the heat
exchanger pipes.
1. Clogged heat exchanger fins and/or cracks on the heat exchanger walls.
Failure events
2. Leaking exhaust gas.
3. Improper heat transfer can cause the water in heat exchanger to boil.
1. Water leakage from the heat exchanger.
Effects on the water
2. Exhaust gas leakage (if this occurs, an overheat cutoff fuse is in place to
heater if the heat
detect this event and immediately stop the water heater from operating)
exchanger fails
3. Abnormal sounds during combustion .
Error codes when the
N/A
heat exchanger fails
1. Visual inspection: soot deposits, cracks on the heat exchanger walls, and/or
water leakage from the heat exchanger.
2. In the event of abnormal sounds during combustion:
Diagnostic
A. Inspect for soot buildup inside the heat exchanger.
B. Inspect for scale buildup inside the heat exchanger pipes. Scale
buildup obstructs proper heat transfer to the water, thereby overheating the
heat exchanger and causing damage.
Color/Number of wires
N/A
Function
The heat exchanger of the 510 Indoor and 510 Outdoor has the “Pro” mark as shown below.
510 Indoor
10-5/8" (271 mm)
1 0 - 5 / 8" ( 27 1 m m )
23
12-1 /4" (313m m)
P ro
18-3/4" (475mm)
Pro
1 4 - 3 / 4 " ( 3 7 6 mm )
2 1 - 1 / 8 " ( 5 3 8m m )
510 Outdoor
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
10-8. Flow adjustment valve
Unit Part #
Function
#402
AOS Part #
319143-178
Checkpoint
J
Controls water flow to properly control the output hot water temperature.
1. Water leakage from valve.
2. The valve cannot modulate or make open/close positions.
1. Water leakage from failed valve can damage other water heater
Effects on the water heater
components.
if flow adjustment valve
2. Temperature fluctuations in the hot water output.
fails
3. Within an Easy-Link system, the “651” error code can occur.
Error codes when flow
651 (only within Easy-Link systems)
adjustment valve fails
1. Visual inspection: connection/breakage of wires, motor drive locked due
Diagnostic
to scale buildup, and/or water leakage.
2. Check voltages and resistance; proper range of values shown below.
Failure events
Color/Number of wires
Black - Red
7 to 16V DC and 0.09 to 0.2 kΩ
The flow adjustment valve is assembled with the flow sensor.
Flow
adjustment
valve
Flow
adjustment
valve
IN
IN
Flow sensor
Flow sensor
OU T
O UT
2- 5 / 8" (6 7 .5 m m )
No.3
No.2
3( R ed )
Flow adjustment valve
Flow
adjustment
valve
C lo s e
1
-
Op e n
+
2
3
+
-
> P PE -G F <
1( B la c k )
M
3- 3 / 8 " (8 4 . 4 m m)
N o .1
1 -7 / 8 " ( 4 7 mm )
24
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
10-9. Flow sensor
Unit Part #
Function
Failure events
#402
AOS Part #
319143-178
Checkpoint
H2
Detects and measures water flow rate using a spinning impeller and
magnetic pick-up.
Unable to detect or measure any water flow rate.
Effects on the water heater Ignition sequence does not start (water heater will not initiate any
if flow sensor fails
operation)
Error codes when flow
441 (only within Easy-Link systems)
sensor fails
1. Visual inspection: connection/breakage of wires and/or debris on
Diagnostic
impeller.
2. Check voltages: proper range of values shown below.
Red - Black
Color/Number of wires
4.0 to 5.5V DC (Input)
1.0 to 4.0V DC (pulse)
White(85) -Black
1,080 pulse/min (more than 18 Hz)
The flow sensor is assembled with the flow adjustment valve.
Flow
adjustment
valve
Flow
adjustment
valve
Flow sensor
IN
IN
Flow sensor
Flow sensor
OUT
OUT
> PPE -G F<
3 -3 /8 "
( 84 .4 mm )
2 - 5 / 8 " ( 6 7 .5 m m )
Flow sensor
1 -7 /8 "
(4 7m m)
3
2
1
25
1
B l a ck
G ND
2
W h i te
O UT P U T
3
Red
V CC
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
10-10. Bypass valve
Unit Part #
#403
AOS Part #
319143-186
Checkpoint
J1
1. Mixes hot water from the heat exchanger with cold water from the
water inlet in order to modulate and control the water heater’s outlet
water temperature.
Function
2. Keeps the water temperature in the heat exchanger stable, preventing
low-temperature corrosion by reducing condensation buildup in heat
exchanger.
1. Water leakage from valve.
Failure events
2. The valve cannot modulate properly.
1. Water leakage from failed valve can damage other water heater
Effects on the water heater
components.
if bypass valve fails
2. Temperature fluctuations in the hot water output.
Error codes when bypass
N/A
valve fails
1. Visual inspection: connection/breakage of wires.
Diagnostic
2. Check voltages and resistance: proper range of values shown below.
Color/Number of wires
Red - Black
7 to 16 VDC and 0.09 to 0.2 kΩ
The physical appearance of the bypass valve is similar to that of the flow adjustment valve.
However, their functions differ and cannot be substituted for each other.
BYPAS S
WATER IN
>P PE -G F <
3-3/8"
BYPAS S
WATER IN
(84.4mm)
2 - 5 / 8 " ( 6 7 .5 m m )
Bypass
valve
1- 7 / 8 "
BY PASS
WA TER O UT
BYPAS S
WATER OUT
26
(47mm)
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
10-11. Thermistors
#407 (Inlet)
Unit Part #
#408 (Mixing)
319143-085 (Inlet)
AOS Part #
E1 (Mixing)
319143-190 (Mixing)
#411 (Output)
Checkpoint
319143-096 (Output)
E2 (Output)
E3 (Inlet)
Function
Measures cold/hot water temperatures in the water heater.
Failure events
Unable to properly measure water temperatures within the water heater.
Effects on the water If the thermistors fail open or short, error code appears before starting operation.
heater if thermistor If resistance values are just off, The water heater will have temperature fluctuations
fails
in hot water.
Error codes when
311 (Output)
321 (Inlet)
331 (Mixing)
thermistors fails
1. Visual inspection: connection/breakage of wires and/or debris on thermistor.
Diagnostic
2. Check voltages and resistance; proper range of values shown below.
68˚F (20°C) 9.0 to 13 kΩ
Inlet Black(42)-Black
Color/Number
of
wires
122˚F (50°C) 3.3 to 4.4 kΩ
Output Black(12)-Black
176˚F (80°C) 1.4 to 1.8 kΩ
Mixing Black(113)-Black
(see table below for more resistance values)
Black
(Inlet thermistor) 42
Blue
(Mixing thermistor) 113
Black
Insulating
(Output thermistor) 12
Resistance values of thermistors as a function of temperature
25.00
Resisitance / kΩ
20.00
15.00
10.00
5.00
0.00
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
Temperature / ºF
27
160
180
200
220
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
10-12. Hi-limit switch
Unit Part #
#412
AOS Part #
319143-095
Checkpoint
C1
-Based on bi-metal thermal expansion.
-Detects excessively high water temperature (more than 194˚F or 90˚C) in pipes
of the heat exchanger.
Function
-After detection, communication between the computer board and gas valves are
severed, shutting down the water heater instantly. The "111" or "121" error
codes will display.
1. Unable to detect excessively high water temperatures if switch fails "closed".
Failure events
2. Continuous detection of excessively high water temperatures (regardless of
what the actual water temperature is) if switch fails "open".
1. Unable to shut down the water heater if the water temperature from the heat
exchanger exceeds 194˚F (90˚C).
Effects on the water
Note: The mixing and output thermistors always act as backup hi-limit
heater if hi-limit switch
detectors to detect excessively high water temperatures in the heat
fails
exchanger.
2. The water heater is always shut down immediately after the ignition process,
and either the "111" or "121" error code will display.
111
121
Error codes when hi-limit The 510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor don't have the "141" error code that was used in
switch fails
our previous models. This error code is now replaced by the "111" and the
"121" error codes.
Diagnostic
Color/Number of wires
1. Visual inspection: connection/breakage of wires. Possibility also includes
scale deposits inside the heat exchanger.
2. Check voltages and resistance: proper range of values shown below.
Blue-Blue
Less than 1.0 Ω
When temperatures exceed 194˚F (90˚C), the reset button trips and switch goes to OFF mode.
OFF mode: to reset switch back to ON mode, press the reset button
Reset Button
"9 0" m a r k
9 0
1-3/8" (35mm)
ON mode : <194˚F (90˚C)
3 / 4 " ( 1 8 .4 m m )
28
5/8" (15mm)
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
10-13. Overheat cut off fuse
Unit Part #
#413
AOS Part #
319143-149
Checkpoint
C2
-The overheat cutoff fuse contains solder with a melting point of 430˚F
(221˚C).
-Detects excessive temperatures within the water heater, especially around
Function
the heat exchanger and combustion chamber. Upon detection,
communication between the computer board and gas valves will sever,
shutting down the water heater instantly. The "111" or "121" error code
will display.
1. Unable to detect the excessively high temperatures within the water
Failure events
heater.
Effects on the water 1. Flames from burner may penetrate a ruptured/damaged heat exchanger.
heater if the overheat 2. Gas valves will not operate.
cutoff fuse fails
Error codes when the
overheat cutoff fuse fails
Diagnostic
Color/Number of wires
111
121
1. Visual inspection: connection/breakage of wires.
2. Check voltages and resistance: proper range of values shown below.
Blue-Blue
Less than 1.0 Ω
Solder will melt at temperature exceeding 430˚F (±9˚F) or 221˚F (±5˚C)
5 - 1 / 3 2 " ( 1 2 7.8 ) m m
The O.H.C.F. has a red line on itself.
29
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
10-14. Freeze protection heaters
#414
Unit Part #
AOS Part #
#415
319143-200
319143-078
Checkpoint
B1
Prevents the heat exchanger, water valves, and water pipes within the water
Function
heater from freezing. The heaters are but one of the freeze protection
devices in the water heater.
Open circuit failure: Ceramic heaters do not receive the voltage needed to
Failure events
heat up.
Effects on the water Ceramic heaters do not activate, allowing water contained in the heat
heater if heater fails
exchanger to freeze up, possibly causing the heat exchanger to burst.
Error
codes
when
N/A
heaters fails
1. Visual inspection: connection/breakage of wires and the condition of the
heaters.
Diagnostic
2. Check: whether those are in the normal range as shown in the following
table.
Color/Number of wires
Black - Black
90 to 110 VAC (during freeze protection operation)
The water heater has two types of the heaters in it. The one is for protecting of the heat
exchanger and the outlet pipe, the other one is for protecting of the inlet pipe.
For the outlet pipe
For the inlet pipe
For the heat exchanger
(Part# 415 / 319143-078)
(Part# 414 / 319143-200)
3/8" (10mm)
13 "
( 33 0m m)
3- 1/ 2" ( 90 mm )
30
1" (25mm)
2- 3/ 4" ( 70 mm )
7-1/8" (180mm)
4- 3/ 8 " (1 1 0m m)
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
10-15. Computer board
Unit Part #
#701
AOS Part #
319143-179
Checkpoint
Function
Controls the functions of most of the parts in the water heater.
Failure events
Malfunctioning computer
N/A
-A component(s) may not operate within the water heater. In most cases
Effects on the water
of computer board failure, the whole the water heater does not operate at
heater if the computer
all.
board fails
-Error codes will display.
Error codes when the
701
721
741
761
computer board fails
Visual inspection: connection/breakage of wires and/or burn marks on the
Diagnostic
computer board.
Color/Number of wires
N/A
6 - 1 / 2 " ( 1 6 5 .0 5 m m )
1-3/8" (35mm)
5-3/8" (138mm)
31
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
10-16. Transformer
Unit Part #
#702
AOS Part #
319143-182
Checkpoint
A1,A2
-To transform input voltage from 120 to 100 VAC.
-Every electrical component of the water heater is designed to only work
Function
with a 100 VAC power supply, therefore, the water heater comes equipped
with this transformer.
1. There is no power coming from the transformer.
Failure events
2. The voltage from the power supply cannot be converted to 100 VAC.
1. The water heater does not operate due to lack of power from
Effects on the water transformer.
heater if transformer fails 2. A failed transformer can cause electrical damage to other electrical
components within the water heater.
Error
codes
when
N/A
transformer fails
1. Visual inspection: connection/breakage of wires and/or signs of electrical
Diagnostic
damage.
2. Check voltages of the transformer: Proper range of values shown below.
Color/Number of wires
White – Black
120 VAC / less than 1 Ω
Brown – Brown
100 VAC / less than 1 Ω
Brown - Brown
To power computer
board and heaters
(100 VAC)
2- 3 / 4 " ( 7 0m m )
1 - 1 / 2" ( 37 m m )
3 - 3/ 4 " ( 9 4m m )
White - Black
From the 120 VAC power supply
5 - 7 /8 "
(1 5 0 mm )
5- 7 / 8"
( 1 50 m m )
32
T D 1- 2 2 7
1 20V 100 V
2 - 3/ 8 " ( 6 1m m )
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
10-17. Igniter
Unit Part #
#711
AOS Part #
319143-052
Checkpoint
B
-To ignite the gas/air mixtures when the water heater is ready to burn gas on
its burner surface.
-The output voltage of the igniter is more than 14 kVDC.
1. Unable to ignite during the ignition process.
Failure events
2. Makes attempts to ignite at all times.
1. The water heater cannot ignite during the ignition process and the "111”
Effects on the water or “121” error codes will display.
heater if the igniter fails
2. No effects on the water heater, however, the durability of the igniter
wears down.
Error codes when Igniter
111
121
fails
1. Visual inspection: connection/breakage of wires and/or an observed weak
Diagnostic
spark.
2. Check voltages: proper range of values shown below.
Color/Number of wires
Purple(7)-Purple(7)
90 to 110 VAC
Function
The high-voltage igniter
Igniter
cable and the purple
wires do not come with
319143-052.
High-voltage igniter cable
14 kVDC
3 /4 " (2 0 mm)
Purple wire
90 to 110 VAC
1- 3/ 4" ( 4 4m m)
1-1/2" (38mm)
To High valtage
ignite cable
Power supply
AC 90 to 110V
33
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
10-18. Freeze protection thermostat
Unit Part #
#713
#710
319143-185 (510 Indoor)
AOS Part #
319143-210 (510 Outdoor)
Checkpoint
B1
Temperature detecting device which prevents the pipes within the water
heater from freezing. When this device detects temperatures below 36.5˚F
Function
(2.5˚C) inside the water r heater, power is supplied to the electric heaters to
prevent the water heater from freezing.
1. ON-failure (Always senses freezing temperatures, regardless of actual
Failure events
temperature).
2. OFF-failure (Never senses freezing temperatures).
Effects on the water 1. The freeze protection heaters will always be ON, causing heat damage to
heater if the freeze components inside the water heater.
protection
thermostat 2. The freeze protection heaters will never be able to turn on, even under
fails
freezing temperatures, causing freeze damage to the water heater.
Error codes when the
freeze
protection
N/A
thermostat fails
Diagnostic
Color/Number of wires
1. Visual inspection: connection/breakage of wires and/or the body has been broken.
2. Check resistance and voltage: proper range of values shown below.
Black - Black
ON mode: 90 VAC - 110 VAC and less than 1 Ω
(itself)
OFF mode: less than 1 VAC and more than 1 MΩ
ON mode: 36.5˚F (+6.3˚F -2.7˚F)
2.5˚C (+3.5˚C -1.0˚C)
OFF mode: above 46.4˚F
above 8 ˚C
7 / 8 " ( 2 2 .2 m m )
34
1 - 3 / 8 " ( 3 3 .5 m m )
Activation and deactivation temperature of the water heater’s freeze protection system
1 / 4 " ( 5 .7 m m )
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
10-19. Surge box
Unit Part #
#703
AOS Part #
319143-168
Checkpoint
A2,A3
Protects the unit from high voltage and/or high electric current caused by
lightning.
Function
There are 2 types of surge absorbers in the water heater. Surge absorber A is
activated by voltage higher than 220V, the other one is activated by voltage
higher than 680V.
1. Open-failure of the absorber and/or fuse.
Failure events
2. Short-failure of the absorber.
1. Unable to protect the computer board if high voltage gets applied to the
Effects on the water
unit. The computer board can short out, stopping all operations.
heater if the fuse box
2. The unit cannot operate because the absorber shorted out, causing the
fails
fuse to break open.
Error codes when the
N/A
surge box fails
1.Visual
inspection:
burn
marks
on
components
and/or
Diagnostic
connection/breakage of wires.
2. Check resistance and voltage: proper range of values shown below.
Color/Number of wires
White-Black
108 to 132 VAC
35
1 - 3 / 4 " ( 4 3 .2 m m )
2-3/4" (70mm)
1 / 2 " ( 1 3 .6 m m )
Surge absorber B: 680 V
31/32"
Surge absorber A: 220 V
(25mm)
Fuse: 5 A
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
11. Fault Analysis & Specifications
Remarks:
1. Proper range of values of voltage & resistance shown below.
2. Please refer to the wiring diagram for checkpoint positions.
3. Remove power to the water heater when checking for continuity, disconnections, resistance values, etc.
Natural of Fault
Diagnosis
on 1 Check the power supply
temperature remote [1] Check the power supply from Power ON-OFF switch to the PCB
(Refer to section12-2)
controller, even when [2] Check the power supply line to the water heater
remote is turned on.
2 Fault of Power ON-OFF switch
Normal: 100 VAC between (white-black)
Normal: 100 VAC between (brown-brown)
3 Fault of transformer
[1] Disconnection / breakage of wires
Normal: 120 VAC between (white-black)
Normal: 100 VAC between (brown-brown)
4 Blown fuse at surge box (3A)
5 Fault of PCB
[1] No voltage at remote control terminal
Normal: 11 to 25 VDC between (white-black)
6 Disconnection/short-circuit/grounding of remote wires
Normal: 11 to 25 VDC between (white-black)
7 Fault of PCB of remote control
[1] Check for normal voltage at terminal
・ No
Checkp
oint
display
・It takes long time to get
hot water at the fixtures
・The water is not hot
enough
・The water is too hot
1 The time it takes to deliver hot water from the water heater to fixtures depends
on the length of piping between them. The longer the distance or the bigger the
pipes, the longer it will take to get hot water.
2 If you need hot water to fixtures quicker, you may want to consider a hot water
recirculation system.
1 Check cross pluming between cold water lines and hot water lines.
2 Check whether the gas supply pressure is enough.
3 Check whether the temperature setting is too low.
1 Check whether the temperature setting is too high.
・The hot water is not 1 Make sure the unit has a 120 VAC / 60 Hz power supply.
available when a 2 If the remote controller is used, check whether the power button is
turned on.
fixture is opened
3 Check that the filter on the cold water inlet is clean.
4 Check whether the hot water fixture is sufficiently open to draw at least
0.5 GM through the water heater.
36
A
A1
A2
A1
A2
F
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
Natural of Fault
Diagnosis
Checkpoint
・The hot water is not 5 Check that the filter on the cold water inlet is clean.
available when a fixture 6 Check whether or not the unit is frozen.
7 Check if there is enough gas in the tank. (for propane units)
is opened
・The hot water turns cold 1 Check whether the flow rate is high enough to keep the water
heater running.
and stays cold
2 Check if there is a recirculation system installed and check also if
the recirculation line has enough check valves.
3 Check that the filter on the cold water inlet is clean.
4 Check that the fixtures are free from debris and obstructions.
・The fan motor is still 1 This is normal operation. After operation has stopped, the fan
motor keeps its running 15 to 70 seconds in order to re-ignite
spinning after operation
quickly, as well as purge all the exhaust gas out of the flue.
has stopped
・Abnormal sound
water heater
Natural
of
Fault
from 1 Check the gas type of the water heater.
2 Check how long the water heater has been installed and in use.
3 Check the installation place.
4 Check the altitude/elevation of area of where the water heater
installed.
5 Check the vent length, when the water heater has been installed
indoors.
6 Check if there is any blockage in the intake air and/or exhaust.
7 Check if there is dust and lint in burner and heat exchanger, when
the water heater has been installed in laundry room.
8 Check if there is grease and dirt in burner and fan motor, when
the water heater has been installed in restaurant.
9 Check the manifold pressure in the water heater.
Malfunction description
Cancellation method
・ Fluctuation -Fault of gas solenoid valves (SV1 & SV3) during
of hot water change of the combustion stage
temperature
-Fault of flow adjustment valve
Diagnosis
1 Check whether the filter in cold water inlet is cleaned.
2 Check whether the gas supply pressure is adequate.
3 Check for cross connections between cold water lines and hot water lines.
37
Checkpoint
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
Natural
of
Checkpoint
Diagnosis
Fault
・ Fluctuation 4 Fault of PCB in the water heater
of hot water [1] No voltage to gas solenoid valve (SV1).
Normal: 78 to 100 VDC between COM (blue) & #9 (green)
temperature
(during operation)
[2] No voltage to gas solenoid valve (SV3).
Normal: 78 to 100 VDC between COM (blue) & #73 (red)
(during operation)
5 Gas solenoid valve (SV 1) fault
[1] Disconnected wiring to gas solenoid valve (SV1)
Normal: 1.3 to 1.9 kΩ between COM (blue) & #9 (green)
[2] Disconnected wiring to gas solenoid valve (SV3)
Normal: 0.9 to 1.7 kΩ between COM (blue) & #73 (red)
6 Fault of PCB in the water heater
No voltage flow adjustment valve
Normal: 7 to 16V DC between (red-black)
7 Flow adjustment valve fault
Normal: 0.09 to 0.2 kΩ between (red-black)
Error Code
Malfunction description
Incorrect dipswitch setting fault
031
C
C
J
J
Cancellation method
Turn off the power or water supply
Diagnosis
Checkpoint
Check the dipswitch settings on PCB
Error Code
Malfunction description
Cancellation method
On the PCB, press the INC and DEC
buttons simultaneously for 3 sec. Then
turn the power off.
Warning for the “991” error code
(Refer to section 12-3)
Diagnosis
101
1 Check the gas type of the water heater.
2 Check how long the water heater has been installed and in use.
3 Check the installation location.
4 Check the altitude/elevation of area of where the water heater installed.
5 Check the vent length.
6 Check if there is any blockage in the intake air and/or exhaust.
7 Check if there is dust and lint in burner and heat exchanger, when the water
heater has been installed in laundry room.
38
Checkpoint
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
Error Code
101
Error Code
Diagnosis
8 Check if there is grease and dirt in burner and fan motor, when the water
heater has been installed in restaurant.
9 Check the manifold pressure in the water heater.
Malfunction description
Ignition failure
111
Error code is
shown after
three failed
attempts at
ignition
Checkpoint
Cancellation method
Turn off the power or water supply
Diagnosis
1 Check gas supply and inlet gas pressure (Refer to section 1)
2 Check the igniter (Refer to section 10-17)
V isual inspection: connection/breakage of wires and/or observed weak
spark.
[1] Cracks/soot on igniter rod
[2] Improper gap between burner & igniter rod
Normal gap: 0.16" (4mm)
[3] PCB fault
Normal: 90 to 110 VAC at #7 (purple-purple) (during ignition)
3 PCB fault
[1] No voltage to main gas solenoid valve (MV)
Normal: 78 to 100V DC between COM (blue) & #3 (light blue)
(during operation)
[2] No voltage to gas solenoid valve (SV2)
Normal: 78 to 100V DC between COM (blue) & #53 (orange)
(during operation)
[3] No voltage to gas proportional valve (VG0)
Normal: 1 to 15VDC between white & red (during operation)
4 Gas solenoid valve fault
[1] Main gas solenoid valve (MV) fault
Normal: 0.9 to 1.3 kΩ between COM (blue) & #3 (light blue)
[2] Gas solenoid valve (SV2) fault
Normal: 1.3 to 1.9 kΩ between COM (blue) & #53 (orange)
[3] Gas proportional valve (VG0) fault
Normal: 1 to 15 VDC between white & red (during operation)
39
Checkpoint
B
C
H1
C
H1
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
Error Code
111
Error code is
shown
after
three
failed
attempts
at
ignition
Diagnosis
Checkpoint
5 Disconnected/damaged O.H.C.F.
(Refer to section 10-13)
V isual inspection: connection/breakage of wires.
Normal: 1 Ω or less between blue & blue
6 Disconnected/damaged hi-limit switch. (Refer to section 10-12)
V isual inspection: connection/breakage of wires.
Normal: 1 Ω or less between blue & blue
7 Inspect flame rod
[1] Check for any soot on the rod.
[2] Check the connection of ground wire; make sure there is firm contact to
the ground of the water heater.
(in this case, the wire is contacted to the manifold surface.)
[3] PCB fault
During operation: more than 1 μA through the flame rod wire (orange)
[4] Flame rod fault
During operation: more than 1 μA through the flame rod wire (orange)
C2
C1
I
8 Check if hi-limit switch is properly functioning.
Error Code
Malfunction description
Loss of flame
121
Error code is
shown after
three failed
attempts at
ignition
Cancellation method
Turn off the power or water supply
Diagnosis
1 Check gas supply and pressure
(Refer to section 1)
2 PCB fault
[1] No voltage to gas main solenoid valve (MV)
Normal: 78 to 100 VDC between COM (blue) & #3 (light blue)
(during operation)
[2] No voltage to gas solenoid valve (SV2)
Normal: 78 to 100 VDC between COM (blue) & #53 (orange)
(during operation)
[3] No voltage to gas proportional valve (VG0)
Normal: 1 to 15 VDC between white & red (during operation)
3 Gas solenoid fault
[1] Main gas solenoid valve (MV) fault
Normal: 0.9 to 1.3 kΩ between COM (blue) & #3 (light blue)
[2] Gas solenoid valve (SV2) fault
Normal: 1.3 to 1.9 kΩ between COM (blue) & #53 (orange)
[3] Gas proportional valve (VG0) fault
Normal: 1 to 15 VDC between white & red
40
Checkpoint
C
H1
C
H1
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
Error Code
121
Error code is
shown after
three failed
attempts at
ignition
Error Code
Diagnosis
4 Check for soot on the flame rod
[1] Clean the flame rod
[2] PCB fault
During operation: more than 1 μA through the flame rod wire (orange)
5 Disconnected/damaged O.H.C.F.
(Refer to section 10-13)
V isual inspection: connection/breakage of wires.
Normal: 1 Ω or less between blue & blue
6 Check if hi-limit switch is properly functioning.
7 Disconnected/damaged hi-limit switch. (Refer to section 10-12)
V isual inspection: connection/breakage of wires.
Normal: 1 Ω or less between blue & blue
Malfunction description
Disconnected/short-circuited output thermistor
311
Error Code
Error Code
C2
C1
Turn off the power or water supply
Checkpoint
1 Output thermistor fault
(Refer to section 10-11)
V isual inspection: connection/breakage of wires and/or debris on
thermistor.
Check voltage/resistance between black & black (#12).
Refer to Section 8 for proper range of values.
Malfunction description
E2
Cancellation method
Turn off the power or water supply
Diagnosis
Checkpoint
1 Inlet thermistor fault
(Refer to section 10-11)
V isual inspection: connection/breakage of wires and/or debris on
thermistor.
Check voltage/resistance between black & black (#42).
Refer to Section 8 for proper range of values.
Malfunction description
Disconnected/short-circuited mixing thermistor
331
I
Cancellation method
Diagnosis
Disconnected/short-circuited inlet thermistor
321
Checkpoint
Cancellation method
Turn off the power or water supply
Diagnosis
1 Mixing thermistor fault
(Refer to section 10-11)
V isual inspection: connection/breakage of wires and/or debris on
thermistor.
Check voltage/resistance between black & black (#113).
Refer to Section 8 for proper range of values.
41
E3
Checkpoint
E1
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
Error Code
Malfunction description
Disconnected AFR rod
391
Error Code
Turn off the power or water supply
Diagnosis
Error Code
510
Checkpoint
1 AFR rod fault
(Refer to section 10-6)
V isual inspection: connection/breakage of wires, soot on it.
Malfunction description
Flow sensor failure (Only Easy-link system)
441
Cancellation method
I
Cancellation method
Turn off the power or water supply
Diagnosis
Checkpoint
1 Flow sensor failure
(Refer to section 10-9)
V isual inspection: connection/breakage of wires and/or debris on impeller.
Check voltage/resistance between (red & black) or (white & black)
Malfunction description
H2
Cancellation method
Fault of driving circuit for main gas solenoid
valve (MV, SV1, SV 2 and/or SV3)
(The computer checks the condition of the main
Turn off the power supply
gas valve immediately after every operation and
the conditions of the solenoid valves 6 hours
after every operation)
Diagnosis
Checkpoint
1 PCB and/or main gas valve fault
(Refer to section 10-4 & 10-15)
V isual inspection of gas valves: connection/breakage of wires.
Normal: 78 to 100 VDC between COM (blue) & #3 (light blue)
(during operation)
Normal: 78 to 100 VDC between COM (blue) & #9 (green)
(during operation)
Normal: 78 to 100 VDC between COM (blue) & #53 (orange)
(during operation)
Normal: 78 to 100 VDC between COM (blue) & #73 (red)
(during operation)
V isual inspection of PCB: connection/breakage of wires and/or burn marks
on the computer board.
2 Gas solenoid valve fault (MV, SV1, SV 2 and/or SV3)
C
42
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
Error Code
Malfunction description
Fan motor fault
611
Cancellation method
Turn off the power or water supply
Diagnosis
Checkpoint
1 PCB and fan motor fault
(Refer to section 10-3 & 10-15)
V isual inspection of fan motor: connection/breakage of wires or dust
buildup (causing electrical shortage)
Normal: 110 to 160 VDC between red & blue (during operation)
Normal: 13 to 17 VDC between yellow & blue (during operation)
Normal: 2.0 to 6.5 VDC between orange & blue (during operation)
G
Verify fan motor speed of the water heater using the "diagnostics mode" of
the 9007603005 temperature remote controller. See the "12-1. How to
diagnose the water heater using the 9007603005”.
V isual inspection of PCB: connection/breakage of wires and/or burn marks
on the computer board.
Error Code
651
Malfunction description
Flow adjustment valve fault
(Only Easy-link system)
Cancellation method
Turn off the power or water supply
Diagnosis
Checkpoint
1 PCB and flow adjustment valve fault
(Refer to section 10-8 & 10-15)
V isual inspection of flow adjustment valve: connection/breakage of wires,
motor drive locked due to scale buildup, and/or water leakage.
Normal: 7 to 16 VDC between (black-red)
V isual inspection PCB: connection/breakage of wires and/or burn marks on
the computer board.
J
43
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
Error Code
701
Malfunction description
Cancellation method
1 PCB fault
[1] Fault of preparation for the mixing thermistor
operation.
Turn off the power or water supply
[2] Fault of driving circuit for Gas Proportional
Valve(VG0)
Diagnosis
Checkpoint
1 Check the PCB and/or gas proportional valve
(Refer to section 10-4 & 10-15)
V isual inspection PCB: connection/breakage of wires and/or burn marks on
the computer board.
V isual inspection gas proportional valve: connection/breakage of wires of
the gas proportional valve.
Normal: 20 to 40 Ω between (white) & (red)
Error Code
Malfunction description
False flame detection
721
Error Code
741
H1
Cancellation method
Turn off the power or water supply
Diagnosis
Checkpoint
1 False flame detection (5 sec.)
Flame rod (Insulated resistance) fault
Malfunction description
I
Cancellation method
Restoring proper cable connections
between the water heater and t the
Remote controller (9007603005). When
Miscommunication between water heater and
the computer detects proper connections
temperature remote controller
between the water heater and the
remote controller, "741" error code will
cease to display.
Diagnosis
1 Temperature remote controller (9007603005) or PCB fault
2 Check for signs of power surges.
44
Checkpoint
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
Error Code
761
Malfunction description
Cancellation method
Restoring proper cable connections
among all the water heaters. When the
Miscommunication between Parent and Child
computer detects proper connections
units for Easy Link systems.
among all the water heaters, "761" error
code will cease to display.
Diagnosis
Checkpoint
1 Inspect cable connections between Parent and Child units.
2 Check for signs of power surges.
Error Code
991
Malfunction description
Cancellation method
Turn off the power or water supply
If not possible, press and hold the INC
and DEC buttons on the computer board
simultaneously for more than 3 sec.
Imperfect combustion
(Refer to section 12-3)
Diagnosis
1 Check the gas type of the water heater.
2 Check how long the water heater has been installed and in use.
3 Check the installation place.
4 Check the altitude/elevation of area of where the water heater installed.
5 Check the vent length.
6 Check if there is any blockage in the intake air and/or exhaust.
7 Check if there is dust and lint in burner and heat exchanger, when the water
heater has been installed in laundry room.
8 Check if there is grease and dirt in burner and fan motor, when the water
heater has been installed in restaurant.
9 Check the manifold pressure in the water heater.
45
Checkpoint
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
12. Controls and settings
12-1. Diagnosis using the 9007603005…………………………………………………………………….………………..
47
12-2. The error-code button: Verifying functionality of computer board, Displaying error code
history, and Clearing error code history memory…..............................………..........................
50
12-3. Clearing the “101” and “991” error code……………………………………………………………………………
51
12-4. AFR rod function………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
52
12-5. Dipswitch settings….…………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
53
12-6. Assigning unit numbers in the Easy-link system………………………………………………………………….
55
12-7. (A) ON/OFF conditions: Overview.....……………..……….……………………………………………………….…
56
12-7. (B) ON/OFF conditions: BTU requirements……………………………………..…...………………………….…
57
12-8. (A) Pump control ON/OFF conditions: (Only for single and Easy-link system)……………………… 58
12-8. (B) Pump control ON/OFF conditions: BTU requirements………………….………..........................
59
12-9. Multi-unit system ON/OFF conditions……………….…………………………………...............................
60
12-10. High-Altitude Region Support Functions (FM+, FM++, and FM+++)………………..…………………
61
12-11. Relay selection for the pump control connection………….………………….………………………………..
62
12-12. Adjusting manifold gas pressure…………………………………………………………………………………………
63
12-13. Manually adjusting the fan motor speed……………………………………………………………………………. 65
12-14. Freeze protection system……………………………………………………………………………………………………
66
12-15. Draining the unit and cleaning the inlet water filter………………………………………..…………………. 69
46
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
12-1. Diagnosis using the 9007603005
< Individual unit>
1. Press the "HOT" button and the "COLD" button simultaneously for
at least 5 seconds to enter “Diagnostic mode”.
2. Scroll up or down to the needed information (mode #) of the 510
Indoor or 510 Outdoor by pressing the “HOT” or “COLD” buttons
“TIME”
Button
“HOT”
Button
“COLD”
Button
(Fig.1 shows mode #5 being selected.)
When selecting information, please refer to the table on p. 49
for the proper mode #.
3. Press the “INFO” button to select the mode #, and the
information to which the mode # correlates to will display on the
9007603005 (Fig.2).
4. When the “ON/OFF” button is pressed or 5 minutes have elapsed
without pressing any buttons, the display will return to normal.
Mode #
Information
Fig.1
Fig.2
47
“INFO”
“BUZZER”
“ON/OFF”
Button
Button
Button
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
< For multiple units in an Easy-Link system >
1. Press and hold the "HOT" and "COLD" buttons simultaneously for at least 5 seconds to enter
“Diagnostics Mode”.
2. "0" will be displayed on the 9007603005. (See Fig. 1)
3. Scroll to the desired 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor unit # in the easy-link system by pressing the "HOT" or
the "COLD" buttons to scroll up or down. (Fig. 2 shows that unit #2 is being selecting)
NOTE: The definition of the unit #’s:
“0” will yield information about the Easy-link system as a whole, and numbers “1”,
“2”, “3”, & ”4” will yield information about each of the individual 510 Indoor or
510 Outdoor installed in the Easy-link system.
In an Easy-link system of 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor, a maximum of four units of
the 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor’s can be linked together.
4. Press the “INFO” button to select the desired unit #.
5. When the desired unit # is selected and fixed, scroll up or down to the needed information (mode #)
of the unit by pressing the “HOT” or “COLD” buttons.
(Fig.3 shows mode #6 is being selected.) When selecting information, please refer to the table on
p.48 for the proper mode #.
6. Press the “INFO” button to select the mode #, and information to which the mode # correlates to will
display on the 9007603005. (Fig. 4)
7. When the “ON/OFF” button is pressed or 5 minutes have elapsed without pressing any buttons, the
display will return to normal.
Whole
diagnostic mode
Fig.1
Unit #
Mode#
Information
Fig.2
Fig.3
Fig.4
For example, the figures above show how to arrive at the ON/OFF cycles information for Unit #2 in a
Easy-Link System.
48
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
Description of mode numbers in “Diagnostics Mode”
Mode #
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Whole multi-unit system information (#0)
Total system
rate
flow
0 to 999 (×0.1 GPM)
Unit information (#1 to #4)
Total operation time
N/A
ON/OFF cycles
Quantity of
connected 510
1 to 4 (units)
Fan motor speed
Indoor or 510
Outdoor’s
Priority 510 Indoor
1 to 4 (unit #)
Inlet temperature
or 510 Outdoor unit
Quantity of
operational 510
1 to 4 (units)
Output temperature
Indoor or 510
Outdoor’s
Set temperature
99 to 185 °F
Mixing temperature
Operation
time 0 to 720 (minutes).
Air-Fuel
ratio
rod
during
current After 720, the next
current
rotation
rotation occurs
ON/OFF
cycles 0 to 100 (cycles).
during
current After 100, the next Flow rate
rotation
rotation occurs
Energization time of
unit
0 to 9999 (hours)
0 to 9999 (×100 cycles)
0 to 9999 (rpm)
32 to 210 (°F).
Over 210°F=E5,
Under 32°F=E0
0 to 999 (×0.1μA)
0 to 999 (×0.1 GPM)
0 to 9999 (×10 hour)
10**
Integrating flow of Unit 0 to 9999 (×1,000 gallon)
11**
Error code history: displays most recent error code
12**
13**
14**
N/A
Error code history: displays 2 nd most recent error code
Error code history: displays 3 rd most recent error code
Clears memory in error code history*
15**
16**
N/A
Air-Fuel ratio stage
0 to 16, normal condition=6
* 9007603005: Simultaneously press the “INFORMATION” button and the “BUZZER” buttons on the 9007603005
while in mode# 14 for at least 5 seconds to completely clear the memory in the error code history.
** Mode #’s after #9 will be displayed as a number (e.g. “10”, “11”,……, “16”) on the 9007603005. After #16,
the 9007603005 will cycle back to #1 again.
49
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
12-2. Verifying functionality of computer board and Displaying error code history,
and Clearing error code history memory
The 510 Indoor and 510 Outdoor has an “Error-call
button” on the computer board that provides the
functions listed below. The button is located next to the
7-seg LED (as shown in the picture to the right).
Error-call button
7-seg LED
Check if the computer board works properly
1. Turn on the ON/OFF button of TM-RE30 remote control.
2. If the computer board works properly, the 7-seg LED will light in a circular "0" pattern, one
segment at a time.
Displaying error code history
1. Briefly press the “Error-call button” (do not hold down the
button).
2. If the 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor has had prior error codes,
the 7-seg LED will display the most recent error code first.
Pressing the button again will display the 2nd most recent
error code and so on (Computer saves a maximum of 10
error codes). If the 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor has never
had any error codes, the 7-seg LED will display a bar “—“.
Clearing error code history memory
1. Press and hold the “Error-call button” for at least 5
seconds.
3. The 7-seg LED will display “C”, “L” and “r” in
succession to signify that the computer board
memory has been erased of all error codes.
50
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
12-3. Clearing the “101” and “991” error code
The “101” and “991” error codes signify imperfect (abnormal) combustion, caused by insufficient intake
air and/or obstructions in the exhaust.
A.
If the “101” and “991” error code occurs, please check the following:
1. What is the gas-type of the water heater Outdoor: liquid propane or natural gas?
2. How long has the water heater been installed and been in use?
3. Where is the water heater installed: indoor, outdoor, attic, etc?
4. What is the altitude/elevation of the area of installation?
5. Are there any obstructions in the intake air and/or exhaust?
・Damper sticking.
・Vent Flaps installed on the Terminator.
・Snow build up around Terminator.
・Installed in a closet. (No Ventilation or lack of combustion air)
6. If installed in laundry room, check the burner and heat exchanger. Dust and lint may deposit in
burner and heat exchanger.
7.
If installed in restaurant, check the burner and fan motor. Grease and dirt may deposit in burner
and fan motor.
8.
B.
Check if the manifold pressure of the water heater is too high.
How to clear the “101” and “991” error code (after resolving the main root cause of the
error):
On the computer board, press and hold the “Increase” and “Decrease” buttons simultaneously for at
least 3 seconds until the red light turns on. Turn off the 120 VAC by Power ON-OFF switch and turn
back on. The “101” and “991” error code should then be cleared.
Increase button
Decrease button
Red light
51
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
12-4. AFR rod function
<Function>
The AFR rod checks flame conditions during combustion. When the AFR rod detects unexpected flame
conditions, the computer board of the 510 adjusts the fan motor speed to ensure that air and fuel are
always at a proper mixture ratio, minimizing emissions.
<AFR normal range of values>
(Unit: μA)
Model
510 Indoor
Gas type
510 Outdoor
LPG
Natural gas
LPG
Natural gas
Combustion
MAX
8.8 to 32.5
12.5 to 35.0
2.5 to 50.0
9.0 to 38.0
mode
MIN
1.5 to 13.2
2.0 to 11.5
3.5 to 18.5
2.0 to 10.5
・If the detected AFR value is higher than the normal value, the FM speed is increased.
・If the AFR value is lower than the normal value, the FM speed is decreased.
・These values are read with the front cover close.
・Measure the values after the water heater for ten minutes.
*The AFR stage can be confirmed in “Diagnostic Mode”. (Section 12-1)
<The relationship between the AFR stage and the “10” and “99” error codes>
FM
Stage
16
“991” error code
+13.5%
15
“101” error code
6
・・・・・・・・・
・・・・・・・・・
-9%
/
・・・・・・・・・・・・・・
0%
・・・・・・・・・・・・・・
+15%
(Condition of AFR stage)
・0 to 5: Air-rich
・In order to solve the “air excess” problem, the fan motor
speed is automatically decreased and AFR combustion
stage goes down.
・6: Default
・7 to 16: Gas-rich or Air shortage
・In order to solve the “air deficiency” problem, the fan
motor speed is automatically increased and AFR
Default condition
combustion stage goes up.
・15: “101” error code
・16: “991” error code
・When the “101” or “991” error code appears, see section
12-3.
0
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12-5. Dipswitch settings
Upper bank of dipswitches
The 510 Indoor shares the computer board with the 510 Outdoor.
There are two banks of dipswitches (upper and lower bank) on the
computer board. The upper bank has certain special functions as
shown on the following table and generally should not need
adjustment. Carefully verify the functions of each dipswitch before
changing any settings.
Lower bank of dipswitches
The functions of the upper bank of dipswitches
No.
Functions
ON position
OFF position
1
Gas type
Propane
Disable
Natural gas
Disable
Enable
Disable
2
3
Allow adjustments of fan motor speed
(Changing the FM speed is similar to changing the
manifold pressure.
(Default)
See section 12-13)
4
FM+, FM++ and FM+++
5
(FM speed is increased automatically. See section 12-10)
510 Indoor
No. 4
No. 5
OFF position
ON position
OFF position
0%
+6 %
ON position
+12 %
+18 %
510 Outdoor
No. 5
No. 6
6
OFF position
ON position
OFF position
0%
+4 %
ON position
+8 %
+12 %
N/A
N/A
N/A
(Default)
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The function of the lower bank of dipswitches
No.
Functions
ON position
OFF position
1
Parent/Child setting for Easy-Link systems
Parent
Child
(Default)
2
Model type
(Default)
Disable
510 Indoor
3
(Default)
Disable
510 Outdoor
4
Output temperature settings
5
(See table to the right)
ON
1 2 3 4 5 6
OFF
6
(Default 122°F)
ON
ON
1 2 3 4 5 6
OFF
ON
1 2 3 4 5 6
OFF
113 F
122 F
(40 C)
(45 C)
(50 C)
1 2 3 4 5 6
1 2 3 4 5 6
1 2 3 4 5 6
ON
OFF
131 F
(55 C)
DEFAULT
ON
1 2 3 4 5 6
OFF
104 F
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
1 2 3 4 5 6
OFF
140 F
158 F
176 F
185 F
(60 C)
(70 C)
(80 C)
(85 C)
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12-6. Assigning unit numbers in the Easy-link system
A. How to display the unit number
Press the “Increase” button on the computer board. The 7-seg LED will then display the assigned
number for that 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor unit for 10 sec.
NOTE: In a single-unit installation, the numbering system is disabled.
B.
How to reset and reconfigure the numbering of units
Unit #’s can be reset and reassigned manually:
1. Press and hold the “Increase” button on the computer board of all child units for at least 5
seconds.
2. The 7-seg LED on the computer board of all child units will display “0” to signify that the computer
memory has been erased of its previously assigned unit #.
3. Press and hold the "Increase" button on each unit in the new order of your choosing. The new
unit numbers will be assigned in this order.
Each 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor in an Easy-link system is assigned a random
unit #, except for the Parent unit, which is always assigned as unit #1.
When more than four units of the 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor are
connected in an Easy-link system, only the first four units will work as a
system. The remaining units will not operate.
“Increase” button
7-seg LED
Computer board
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12-7. (A) ON/OFF conditions: Overview
The following table shows the ON/OFF conditions of the 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor.
ON/OFF Conditions
The BTU requirement is more than 14,880 BTU/h
Conditions needed to turn ON.
AND
The water flow rate is more than 0.75 GPM
The BTU requirement is less than 11,900 BTU/h
OR
Inlet temperature is higher than the set
Conditions needed to turn OFF.
temperature
OR
Output temperature is over 194°F
OR
The water flow rate is less than 0.4 GPM
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12-7.(B) ON/OFF conditions: BTU requirements
A. Calculating the ON/OFF conditions of the 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor
【Condition needed to turn the T-H2-DV or T-H2-OS ON】
( Tset – T in ) × GPM × 500 > 14,880
【Condition needed to turn the T-H2-DV or T-H2-OS OFF】
( Tset – Tin ) × GPM × 500 < 11,900 or Tin = Tset
Where: Tset = Set temperature and Tin = Inlet temperature
B. Calculation example
Set temperature: Tset = 120˚F
Flow rate = 2.5 GPM
【Condition needed to turn the T-H2-DV or T-H2-OS ON】
(120 – Tin ) × 2.5 × 500 > 14,880
Tin < 108.1˚F
【Condition needed to turn the T-H2-DV or T-H2-OS OFF】
(120 – Tin ) × 2.5 × 500 < 11,900
Tin > 110.5 ˚F
The output temperature at that moment will be 120˚F
C. ON/OFF table
Flow rate (GPM)
Set temperature
(˚F)
113
122
131
140
158
167
185
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
ON
53.5
83.2
93.2
98.1
101.1
103.1
104.5
105.6
OFF
65.4
89.2
97.1
101.1
103.5
105.1
106.2
107.0
ON
62.5
92.2
102.2
107.1
110.1
112.1
113.5
114.6
OFF
74.4
98.2
106.1
110.1
112.5
114.1
115.2
116.0
ON
71.5
101.2
111.2
116.1
119.1
121.1
122.5
123.6
OFF
83.4
107.2
115.1
119.1
121.5
123.1
124.2
125.0
ON
80.5
110.2
120.2
125.1
128.1
130.1
131.5
132.6
OFF
92.4
116.2
124.1
128.1
130.5
132.1
133.2
134.0
ON
98.5
128.2
138.2
143.1
146.1
148.1
149.5
150.6
OFF
110.4
134.2
142.1
146.1
148.5
150.1
151.2
152.0
ON
107.5
137.2
147.2
152.1
155.1
157.1
158.5
159.6
OFF
119.4
143.2
151.1
155.1
157.5
159.1
160.2
161.0
ON
125.5
155.2
165.2
170.1
173.1
175.1
176.5
177.6
OFF
137.4
161.2
169.1
173.1
175.5
177.1
178.2
179.0
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12-8. (A) Pump control ON/OFF Conditions (Only for single and Easy-link system)
To run circulation pumps efficiently and effectively, the 510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor offers mode of pump
control. The following table shows the pump control ON/OFF conditions.
“Re-circulation mode”
These functions enable the re-circulation pump to be controlled by the following conditions.
Re-circulation mode
ON/OFF Conditions
The BTU requirement is more than 18,600 BTU/h*
Conditions that activate
OR
the pump
30 minutes have elapsed after previous operation
Conditions that
deactivate the pump
4 minutes after activation, if the computer detects a
BTU requirement of less than 14,800 BTU/h, the
computer will stop the pump in 90 seconds.
*The computer records the inlet temperature and the flow rate of the pump during the final minute of
its previous operation when calculating the BTU requirement.
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12-8.(B) Pump control ON/OFF conditions: BTU requirements
A. Calculating the ON/OFF conditions of the pump
【Condition needed to turn the pump ON】
( Tset – T in ) × GPM × 500 > 18,600
【Condition needed to turn the pump OFF】
5 minutes after activation, if the computer detects a BTU requirement of less than 18,600 BTU/h, the
computer will stop the pump 90 seconds.
( Tset – Tin ) × GPM × 500 < 14,880 or Tin = Tset
Where: Tset = Set temperature and Tin = Inlet temperature
B. Calculation example
Set temperature: Tset = 120 ˚F
Flow rate = 2.5 GPM
【Condition needed to turn the pump ON】
( 120 – Tin ) × 2.5 × 500 > 18,600
Tin < 108.1˚F
【Condition needed to turn the pump OFF】
( 120 – Tin ) × 2.5 × 500 < 14,880
Tin > 108.1˚F
C. ON/OFF table
Flow rate (GPM)
Set temperature
(˚F)
113
122
131
140
158
167
185
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
ON
38.6
75.8
88.2
94.4
98.1
100.6
102.4
103.7
OFF
53.8
83.4
93.3
98.2
101.2
103.1
104.5
105.6
ON
47.6
84.8
97.2
103.4
107.1
109.6
111.4
112.7
OFF
62.8
92.4
102.3
107.2
110.2
112.1
113.5
114.6
ON
56.6
93.8
106.2
112.4
116.1
118.6
120.4
121.7
OFF
71.8
101.4
111.3
116.2
119.2
121.1
122.5
123.6
ON
65.6
102.8
115.2
121.4
125.1
127.6
129.4
130.7
OFF
80.8
110.4
120.3
125.2
128.2
130.1
131.5
132.6
ON
83.6
120.8
133.2
139.4
143.1
145.6
147.4
148.7
OFF
98.8
128.4
138.3
143.2
146.2
148.1
149.5
150.6
ON
92.6
129.8
142.2
148.4
152.1
154.6
156.4
157.7
OFF
107.8
137.4
147.3
152.2
155.2
157.1
158.5
159.6
ON
110.6
147.8
160.2
166.4
170.1
172.6
174.4
175.7
OFF
125.8
155.4
165.3
170.2
173.2
175.1
176.5
177.6
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12-9. Multi-unit system ON/OFF conditions
In an Easy-Link system, the amount of 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor called on to activate depends on the
FLOW RATE and the SET TEMPERATURE.
1. Condition required to activate an additional 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor:
Flow rate required to activate additional 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor = A × n
Where n = number of currently activated 510 Indoors or 510 Outdoors
and A is dependent on the set temperature. See table below:
Set temperature
Factor “A"
˚F
˚C
GPM
L/min
100 - 122
37 - 50
3.4
13
131
55
3.2
12
140
60
2.9
11
149
65
2.6
10
158 - 167
70 - 75
2.4
9
176 - 185
80 - 85
2.1
8
2. Condition required to reduce the number of activated 510 Indoors or 510 Outdoors:
A. In the case of reducing down from two units of 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor to one unit
of 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor: Flow rate = A / 1.7
B. All other cases: Flow rate = A × (n - 2)
3. Example: Set temperature = 122˚F in a four unit system and priority unit is No. 1
To activate additional
To reduce number of activated
510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor
510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor
Unit No.
Flow rate
GPM
L/min
No.1 ON
0.75
3.0
No.2 ON
3.4
No.3 ON
No.4 ON
Unit No.
Flow rate
GPM
L/min
No.4 OFF
6.8
26
13
No.3 OFF
3.4
13
6.8
26
No.2 OFF
2.0
7.6
10.2
39
No.1 OFF
0.37
1.5
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12-10. High-Altitude Region Support Functions (FM+, FM++ and FM+++)
<Using these functions>
The high-altitude region support functions have four operation
levels, with the appropriate level being set up by the installer until
the abnormal sound problem is solved. The desired level can be
specified at the left bank of dipswitches (No.4 and No.5) on the
computer board. See the table in the next page.
Level
0
Left bank of dipswitches
Elevation
Function
Setting Method
0 to 2,000 ft
Standard setting
Left bank of dipswitches No.4 OFF
(DEFAULT)
(Default)
No.5 OFF
FM+ function
1
2,000 to 4,000ft
2
4,000 to 6,000ft
3
Over 6,000ft
4
・the fan motor speed increased by 6% Left bank of dipswitches No.4 ON
(510 Indoor)
No.5 OFF
・the fan motor speed increased by 4%
(510 Outdoor)
FM++ function
・the fan motor speed increased by Left bank of dipswitches No.4 OFF
12% (510 Indoor)
No.5 ON
・the fan motor speed increased by 8%
(510 Outdoor)
FM+++ function*
・the fan motor speed increased by Left bank of dipswitches No.4 ON
18% (510 Indoor)
No.5 ON
・the fan motor speed increased by
12% (510 Outdoor)
Consult our Technical Services Department.
If the abnormal sound problem persists even with a “Level 3” setting, please contact our Technical Service Department.
for advice. Note that there are many high risks associated with manually changing the manifold pressures.
*510 models installation manual doesn’t mention this function for safety purposes.
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12-11. Relay selection for the pump control connection
The maximum current capacity of 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor pump control connection is 1 amp.
Before using any relay with the pump control, please check the specifications of that particular relay to
ensure that the current value through the coil will not exceed 1 amp.
For example:
To the right, there is a sample of relay
specifications from an arbitrary brochure. You
can select either the 120 VAC or 240 VAC relay,
because their current values are less than 1A
(1,000mA).
Recirculation
pump
Connect to this “Pump connector”.
Power supply
for relay
Power supply
for pump
120 VAC
220 VAC etc
Thermal
relay
120 VAC
220 VAC etc
for relay
These components are NOT included with the water heater and are
external to the unit. They must be acquired separately.
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12-12. Adjusting manifold gas pressure
The manifold gas pressure on the 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor can be adjusted by following the
procedures below.
Adjusting the manifold pressure can cause unexpected combustion conditions during
operation, which can cause a health hazard, damage the 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor,
and/or shorten its lifespan.
WARNING
Therefore, changing the manifold pressure is not
recommended unless there are very strong reasons to do so (e.g. high elevation
installations), and with the consultation of the Technical Services Department.
Adjusting maximum manifold pressure
1. Ensure that 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor is not in operation.
2. Remove the screw off the manifold port of the 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor. (Figure 1)
3. Connect a manometer to the manifold port using a tube (Figure 2). Ensure that this connection is
secure enough to prevent gas leak.
4. Run water through the 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor to activate its operation. If presence of a gas leak
is detected, immediately shut off the 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor and inspect the tube/manifold
connection; otherwise, proceed onto the next step.
5. Press and hold down the “MAX” button on the computer board. While holding down the “MAX”
button, press either the “Increase” or “Decrease” button to increase or decrease the manifold gas
pressure, respectively (Figure 3). Refer to the manometer to verify that pressure has been set to
desired value.
6. After gas pressure has been set, deactivate the 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor, remove the manometer
tube, and replace the port screw.
Adjusting minimum manifold pressure
1. Ensure that 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor is not in operation.
2. Remove the screw off the manifold port of the 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor. (Figure 1)
3. Connect a manometer to the manifold port using a tube (Figure 2). Ensure that this connection is
secure enough to prevent gas leak.
4. Run water through the 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor to activate its operation. If presence of a gas leak
is detected, immediately shut off the 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor and inspect the tube/manifold
connection; otherwise, proceed onto the next step.
5. Press and hold down the “MIN” button on the computer board. While holding down the “MIN”
button, press either the “Increase” or “Decrease” button to increase or decrease the manifold gas
pressure, respectively (Figure 3). Refer to the manometer to verify that pressure has been set to
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desired value.
6. After gas pressure has been set, deactivate the 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor, remove the manometer
tube, and replace the port screw.
Figure 1
Manifold port
Figure 2
Tube
Figure 3
To Manometer
MAX button
MIN button
Increase button
Decrease button
Computer board
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12-13. Manually adjusting the fan motor speed
While the FM+ dipswitch will automatically increase the fan speed by 6%, the fan motor speed on the
510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor can also be manually adjusted. In order to perform manual adjustments
to the speed, a 9007603005 remote controller is required.
WARNING
Manually adjusting the fan motor speed of the 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor will change the
amount of intake air for combustion, which can cause excess CO emission from the exhaust
chamber if the fan motor speed is set incorrectly. Therefore, this procedure should never
be performed unless the Technical Services Department has given consent and
authorization.
Adjusting maximum fan motor speed
1. While 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor is in operation, set dipswitch No.3 to the “ON” position. (Figure 1)
2. On the temperature remote controller, display mode #3 (fan motor speed) by entering the
“Diagnostics mode” (Refer to Section 12-1).
3. Press and hold down the “MAX” button on the computer board. While holding down the “MAX”
button, press either the “Increase” or “Decrease” button to increase or decrease the fan motor speed,
respectively (Figure 2). Refer to the remote controller display to verify that speed has been set to
desired value.
4. After fan speed has been set, set dipswitch No.3 back to the “OFF” position.
Adjusting minimum fan motor speed
1. While 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor is in operation, set dipswitch No.3 to the “ON” position. (Figure 1)
2. On the temperature remote controller, display mode #3 (fan motor speed) by entering the
“Diagnostics mode” (Refer to Section 12-1).
3. Press and hold down the “MIN” button on the computer board. While holding down the “MIN”
button, press either the “Increase” or “Decrease” button to increase or decrease the fan motor speed,
respectively (Figure 2). Refer to the remote controller display to verify that speed has been set to
desired value.
4. After fan speed has been set, set dipswitch No.3 back to the “OFF” position.
Upper bank of dipswitch settings
Figure 2
12 3 4 5 6
MAX button
N
O
Figure 1
MIN button
Increase button
The dark square is the direction
the dipswitch should be set to.
Decrease button
65
Computer board
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
12-14. Freeze protection system
There are two features to the 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor’s freeze protection system: the automatic firing
system and the ceramic heating blocks. The automatic firing system allows the 510 Indoor or 510
Outdoor to briefly fire on for about 4 seconds and the ceramic heating blocks will heat up whatever
portion of the heat exchanger the blocks are strapped to. The firing system mainly focuses on providing
freeze protection around the heat exchanger drum. The three heating blocks focus on protecting the
inlet and outlet piping inside the 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor, as well as the front drum pipe. The
conditions to activate either feature are different from each other. However, the two features are not
mutually exclusive, because they focus on different areas of the 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor. As long as
each particular feature’s activation requirements are met, it is possible for both features to operate at
the same time.
Automatic firing system
Activation conditions will depend on the on whether or it is an indoor / direct-vent or outdoor
installation. Gas and electrical power are required for this feature to operate.
510 Indoor installation:
After 5 minutes have elapsed since the 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor’s previous firing operation, the
computer will continually check the temperatures of the inlet and output thermistors (the output
thermistor is the one that checks the temperature of the water immediately leaving the heat
exchanger, not the water leaving the 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor, which is mixed with water from the
bypass valve). The automatic firing system will not activate at all unless these 5 minutes have
elapsed.
When the computer checks for these temperatures, the freeze protection firing system will activate if:
Tin < 37°F and Tout < 50°F
OR
Tout < 37°F
where Tin is the temperature of inlet thermistor and Tout is the temperature of the output thermistor.
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To sum it up in a chart:
Case 5 minutes have elapsed Inlet
thermistor Output
thermistor Will
automatic
since prior operation?
temperature
temperature
firing be activated?
1
No
Any
Any
NO
2
Yes
Above 37°F
Any
NO
3
Yes
Any
Above 50°F
NO
4
Yes
37°F and below
50°F and below
YES
5
Yes
Any
37°F and below
YES
510 Outdoor installation
After 25 minutes have elapsed since the 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor’s previous firing operation, the
computer will continually check the temperatures of the inlet and output thermistors.
The
automatic firing system will not activate at all unless these 25 minutes have elapsed.
When the computer checks for these temperatures, the freeze protection firing system will activate if:
Tin < 37°F and Tout < 50°F
Tout < 37°F
OR
where Tin is the temperature of inlet thermistor and Tout is the temperature of the output thermistor.
To sum it up in a chart:
Case 25 minutes have elapsed Inlet
thermistor Output
thermistor Will
automatic
since prior operation?
temperature
temperature
firing be activated?
1
No
Any
Any
NO
2
Yes
Above 37°F
Any
NO
3
Yes
Any
Above 50°F
NO
4
Yes
37°F and below
50°F and below
YES
5
Yes
Any
37°F and below
YES
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Ceramic heating blocks
The blocks will only activate based on what the freeze protection thermostat senses. The thermostat is
located on the fan motor, close in vicinity to the inlet and outlet pipes within the 510 Indoor or 510
Outdoor. Electrical power is required for this feature to operate.
The heating blocks will activate if the thermostat senses a surrounding temperature below 36.5°F.
Once they are on, the heating blocks will only deactivate if surrounding temperatures reach above
46.4°F .
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12-15. Draining and cleaning the inlet water filter
1. Close the manual gas shut off valve.
2. Turn off power to the 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor, wait a few seconds. And then turn on again.
3. Wait 30 seconds for water valves starts to completely open. Then
turn off power to the 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor, yet again.
Drain Plug
with Filter
4. Close the water shut-off valve.
5. Open all hot water taps in the house. When the all
water flow has ceased, close all hot water taps.
Gas Valve
6. Have a bucket or pan to catch the water from the drain
plugs of the 510 Indoor or 510 Outdoor. Unscrew the drain
plugs to drain all the water out of the 510 Indoor or 510
Outdoor.
7. Wait a few minutes to ensure all water has completely
drained from unit.
8. Clean the filter: Inspect the water filter located within
the cold inlet. With a tiny brush, clean the water filter
of any debris which may have accumulated and
reinsert the filter back into the cold water inlet.
9. Securely screw the drain plugs back into place. Handtighten only.
69
Drain Plug
Water Valve
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510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
13.
Components diagrams
Case assembly
510 Indoor
0 03
05 2
0 52
004
0 07
0 01
052
702
052
0 02
051
704
006
0 66
053
0 56
005
0 50
0 52
510 Outdoor
052
004
0 07
001
053
702
052
0 02
704
006
066
053
056
005
0 50
052
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Burner assembly
510 Indoor/Outdoor
Burner assembly
101
107
106
105
108
065
104
709
109
110
111
401
712
053
053
052
116
117
053
Power control
103
section
121
054
1 12
706
703
A
053
70 4
115
113
70 5
057
114
058
053
1 50
701
708
A
Manifold
713
510 Indoor
Fan motor section for IN models
assembly
053
102
061
053
0 67
119
151
120
053
712
055
062
066
062
118
059
060
053
711
053
401
116
714
055
052
117
103
510 Outdoor
Fan motor section for OS models
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Computer
103
510 Indoor/Outdoor
board
assembly
7 01
707
717
718
710
708
716
715
709
719
Water way assembly
510 Indoor/Outdoor
463
4 53
413
452
450
41 4
412
063
401
B
451
414
454
C
411
45 9
403
4 62
Bypass
458
section
4 60
4 56
C
153
154
456
460
460
456
402
053
409
B
404
461
406
457
458
401
152
40 5
454
455
454
408
410
Exhaust section (OS model)
064
Water outlet section
72
407
052
415
064
Water inlet section
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
14. Parts list
Item #
001
002
Part #
Description
Common parts for other models
319143-151 Case assembly (IN)
310
319143-211 Case assembly (Out)
310
319143-174
Front cover (IN)
319143-175
Front cover (Out)
003
319143-150 Air blockage plate
110, 310
004
319143-184 Bracket
110, 310
005
319143-014 Junction box
520, 110, 310, 910, 710,
006
319143-128 Junction box inner plate
520, 110, 310
007
319143-221 Back guard panel
310
050
319143-025 Screw M4×12 (W/Washer)
*
051
319143-325 Screw M4×10 (W/Washer)
*
052
319143-026
*
053
319143-060 Screw M4x10
*
054
319143-326 Hex head screw M4×12 (W/Washer)
*
055
319143-063 Hex head screw M4x8
*
056
319143-372
*
057
319143-330 Screw M3x6 SUS3
*
058
319143-327
*
059
319143-061 Pan screw M4x12 (W/Washer)
*
060
319143-332 Pan screw M4x10 FEZN
*
061
319143-201 Tap tight screw M4x12 FEZN
*
062
319143-062 Pan screw M4x10
*
063
319143-087
Screw M3x6
*
064
319143-328 Screw M4x6
*
065
319143-059 Pan screw M4x8
*
066
319143-143 Nylon clamp
520, 110, 310, 710
067
319143-048 Wire clamp 60
520, 110, 310, 910, 710
101
319143-030 Burner assembly
520, 310
319143-046 Manifold with gas valve assembly LP
520, 310
319143-368 Manifold with gas valve assembly NA
310
102
Screw M4×10 (Coated)
Screw M4x10
Screw M3x10
73
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
Item #
Part #
Description
Common parts for other models
319143-043
Fan motor (IN)
520, 310, 910, 710
319143-217
Fan motor (Out)
310
104
319143-032
Burner holder gasket
520, 310, 910
105
319143-031
Burner gasket
520, 110, 310
106
319143-033
Burner window
520, 110, 310, 910, 710
107
319143-034
Rod holder gasket
520, 110, 310, 910, 710
108
319143-035
Flame rod
520, 310, 910, 710
109
319143-037
Igniter rod
520, 310, 910, 710
110
319143-036
Rod holder
520, 310, 910, 710
111
319143-038
Rod cap
520, 110, 310, 910, 710
112
319143-156
Burner damper
310
113
319143-044
Manifold gasket A
520, 110, 310, 910
114
319143-045
Manifold gasket B
520, 110, 310, 910
115
319143-367
Fan damper
310
116
319143-042
Pressure port for
520, 310, 910, 710
319143-041
Combustion chamber tube (IN)
520, 310
319143-344
Combustion chamber tube (Out)
310, 910
118
319143-050
Gas inlet
520, 110, 310
119
319143-049
Gas inlet ring
520, 110, 310
120
319143-051
Igniter plate
520, 110, 310, 910, 710
121
319143-176
Surge box plate
150
319143-350
O-ring P18 NBR (Black)
110, 310, 910
151
319143-057
O-ring P20 NBR (Black)
520, 110, 310, 910
152
319143-206
Silicon ring
310, 910
153
319143-216
Rain protection plate in Exhaust chamber
110, 310
154
319143-219
Exhaust port
110
319143-369
Heat exchanger assembly (IN)
319143-177
Heat exchanger assembly (Out)
402
319143-178
Flow adjustment valve/Flow sensor
403
319143-186
Bypass valve
404
319143-193
Water inlet
103
117
401
110, 310
74
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
Item #
Part #
Description
Common parts for other models
405
319143-197 Inlet drain plug
110, 310
406
319143-198 Inlet water filter
110, 310
407
319143-085 Inlet thermistor
520, 910, 710
408
319143-190 Mixing thermistor
910
409
319143-194 Water outlet
110, 310
410
319143-199 Outlet drain plug
110, 310, 910
411
319143-096 Output thermistor
520, 910, 710
412
319143-095 Hi-Limit switch
520, 910, 710
413
319143-149 Overheat-cut-off fuse
110, 310, 910
414
319143-200 Heater
110, 310
415
319143-078 Inlet heater
520, 110, 310, 710
450
319143-088 Pipe heater fixing plate
520, 110, 310, 910, 710
451
319143-125 Heater fixing plate 16
520, 110, 310, 910, 710
452
319143-066 Fuse fixing plate 18
520, 110, 310, 910, 710
453
319143-146 Fuse fixing plate 14
110, 310
454
319143-082 O-ring P4 FKM
520, 110, 310, 910, 710
455
319143-080 O-ring P6 FKM
520, 110, 310, 910, 710
456
319143-100 O-ring P14 FKM
520, 110, 310, 910, 710
457
319143-091 O-ring P15 FKM
520, 110, 310, 910, 710
458
319143-083 O-ring P16 FKM
520, 110, 310, 910, 710
459
319143-097 Fastener “4-11”
110, 310
460
319143-105 Fastener “14-22”
520, 110, 310, 910, 710
461
319143-226 Fastener “16A”
110, 310
462
319143-205 Fastener “16-25A”
463
319143-065 Silicon ring
701
319143-179 Computer board
702
319143-182 Transformer
110, 310
703
319143-168 Surge box
110, 310
704
319143-138 AC 120V wire
520, 310
705
319143-180 Transformer wire
310
520, 110, 310, 710
75
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
Item #
Part #
Description
Common parts for other models
706
319143-141 AC 120V Power ON-OFF switch
707
319143-181 Switch wire
708
319143-188 Gas valve wire
110, 310
709
319143-189 Flame rod wire
110, 310
710
520, 110, 310
319143-187 EH-IG wire
319143-210 EH-IG wire with freeze protection thermostat
110, 310
711
319143-052 Igniter
520, 110, 310, 910, 710
712
319143-039 High voltage igniter cable
520, 110, 310, 910
713
319143-185 Freeze protection thermostat
110, 310, 710
714
319143-133 Proportional gas valve wire
520
715
319143-204 Pump and multi cable
716
319143-195 Thermistors wire
717
319143-203 RS-VG wire
718
319143-202 Water valves wire
719
319143-191 Computer board cover
910
76
CONFIDENTIAL
510 Indoor / 510 Outdoor Service Manual
Ver. 1.00
15.
Revisions
Version
Description of changes
1.00
First edition
Date
11/01/10
77
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