Carrier Access Broadmore 1750 User manual

Carrier Access Broadmore 1750 User manual
Broadmore 1750
TM
USER MANUAL
Part Number: 770-0020-DC
Product Release 4.6
January 2008
Copyright© 2008 Carrier Access Corporation. All rights reserved.
The information presented in this manual is subject to change without notice and does not represent a
commitment on the part of Carrier Access Corporation. The hardware and software described herein are
furnished under a license or non-disclosure agreement. The hardware, software, and manual may be used or
copied only in accordance with the terms of this agreement. It is against the law to reproduce, transmit,
transcribe, store in a retrieval system, or translate into any medium–electronic, mechanical, magnetic, optical,
chemical, manual, or otherwise–any part of this manual or software supplied with the Broadmore 1750 for
any purpose other than the purchaser’s personal use without the express written permission of Carrier Access
Corporation.
Broadmore and the Carrier Access logo are trademarks of Carrier Access Corporation. All other brand or
product names are trademarks or registration trademarks of their respective companies or organizations.
Contact Information:
Carrier Access Corporation
5395 Pearl Parkway
Boulder, CO 80301-2490
Corporate Phone: (303) 442-5455
Fax: (303) 443-5908
www.carrieraccess.com
Customer Support Direct: (800) 786-9929
E-mail: [email protected]
PREFACE
Preface
Compliance
FCC Requirements, Part 15
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device
pursuant to Part 15 of the Federal Communications Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference when equipment is operated in a commercial
environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy, and if not
installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful
interference, in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at the user’s own
expense.
WARNING!
TO MEET FCC PART 15 CLASS A RADIATED EMISSIONS
REQUIREMENTS, YOU MUST FOLLOW SPECIFIC INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS
GIVEN FOR EACH MODULE USED IN THIS CHASSIS WHICH ARE PROVIDED IN THE
MODULE INSTALLATION SECTION. FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT INSTALLING
CABLES ACCORDING TO FCC PART 15 CLASS A, FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTIONS
IN “Cabling and Compliance Requirements” on page 6-4.
Common Criteria Evaluation and Validation Scheme (CCEVS) issued
Validation Report number CCEVS-VR-06-0039, 26 June 2006, for EAL
3 Conformance for the Carrier Access Broadmore 500, 1700, and 1750
Release 4.1.1. This report is maintained on the NIAP Validated Products
List (VPL) at http://niap.bahialab.com/cc-scheme/.
Preface
DISA Validated
Defense Information System Agency, Center for Information Assurance
Engineering validated Broadmore Information Assessment, 2 August
2006, contract number SP0700-98-D-1002, TAT 5-15.
FIPS 140-2 Validated
FIPS 140-2 Inside.
National Institute of Technology (NIST) Cryptographic Module
Validation Program (CMVP) validated Broadmore to FIPS 140-2, Level
1 overall, Certificate #478, November 2004. Certificate and Security
Policy maintained at http://csrc.nist.gov/cryptval/.
JITC Validated
Joint Interoperability Test Certification (JITC) at Ft. Huachuca, 23 June
2006. TSSI Certificate on NIPRNET at http://jitc.fhu.disa.mil/tssi/.
IPv6 Ready
The IPv6 Forum certified the Broadmore as IPv6 ready on 26 January,
2007. The certificate is maintained at http://www.ipv6ready.org/logo_db/
logo_search2.php?logoid_number=01-000379&btm=Search
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Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
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NEBS Validated
Network Equipment Building System (NEBS). The Broadmore 1750 has
been validated to Telcordia GR-1089-CORE, Level 3 Requirements,
Issue 2, December 1997 Revision 1, February 1999. See MET Labs report
ESL-9647 and TEL-9647.2000.
National Electrical Code Requirements
Equipment intended to be electrically connected to a telecommunications network shall be listed for
the purpose. The Broadmore 1750 is listed and is in compliance with UL60950 third edition, and
CSA-C22.2 NO. 60950-00.
No. 950-95 Standard for Safety for Information Technology Equipment. CSA has certificated
to both standards for product safety. The CSA File Number is LR 107313.
Some telecommunications equipment does not provide overvoltage or power-cross protection on
DS1 lines. Equipment that does not provide overvoltage or power-cross protection is not compliant
with the National Electrical Code for customer premises installation. The Broadmore 1750 provides
this protection.
UL60950/CSA-C22.2 NO. 60950-00 compliance is an important requirement for carriers installing
equipment within customer buildings and is designed to prevent the product and the telephone
wiring from starting building fires.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
v
Preface
Safety Information
CAUTION! ALWAYS USE CAUTION WHEN INSTALLING TELEPHONE LINES.
READ THE CAUTIONS BELOW FOR DETAILS ON SAFETY GUIDELINES TO PREVENT
INJURY.
Never touch uninsulated telephone wires and terminals unless the
telephone line has been disconnected at the Network Interface (NI) as voltage
potentials as high as 300 VAC may be present across the transmit and receive
pairs.
Only use No. 26 AWG or larger telecommunication line cord, to reduce the
risk of fire.
Never install telephone wiring during a lightning storm.
Never install telephone jacks in wet locations unless the jack is specifically
designed for wet locations.
Refer to the installation section of this manual for a safe and proper installation
procedure. All wiring external to this equipment should follow the current
provision of the National Electrical Code.
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Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Preface
Notices
This manual contains important information and warnings that must be followed to
ensure safe operation of the equipment.
DANGER!
A DANGER NOTICE INDICATES THE PRESENCE OF A HAZARD
THAT CAN OR WILL CAUSE DEATH OR SEVERE PERSONAL INJURY IF THE HAZARD
IS NOT AVOIDED.
CAUTION!
A CAUTION NOTICE INDICATES THE POSSIBILITY OF
INTERRUPTING NETWORK SERVICE IF THE HAZARD IS NOT AVOIDED.
WARNING!
A WARNING NOTICE INDICATES THE POSSIBILITY OF
EQUIPMENT DAMAGE IF THE HAZARD IS NOT AVOIDED.
NOTE:
A NOTE INDICATES INFORMATION TO HELP YOU UNDERSTAND HOW
TO PERFORM A PROCEDURE OR HOW THE SYSTEM WORKS. NOTES SHOULD BE
READ BEFORE PERFORMING THE REQUIRED ACTION.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
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Preface
Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Precautions
WARNING! THE BROADMORE CONTAINS CIRCUIT CARDS AND
COMPONENTS THAT ARE SUBJECT TO DAMAGE BY ELECTROSTATIC
DISCHARGE.
ESD can damage processors, circuit cards, and other electronic components. Always
observe the following precautions before installing a system component.
1. Do not remove a component from its protective packaging until ready to install
it.
2. Wear a wrist grounding strap and attach it to an ESD connector or a metal part
of the system unit before handling components. If a wrist strap is not available,
maintain contact with the system unit throughout any procedure requiring ESD
protection.
An ESD warning label appears on packages and storage bags
that contain static-sensitive products and components.
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Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Preface
Warranty
Carrier Access warrants to BUYER that Product Hardware will be free from substantial defect in
material and workmanship under normal use in accordance with its Documentation and given proper
installation and maintenance for period of one year from the date of shipment by Carrier Access.
Carrier Access warrants that the Licensed Software, when used as permitted under its License Terms
and in accordance with the instructions and configurations described in the Documentation (including
use on Carrier Access product or a computer hardware and operating system platform supported by
Carrier Access), will operate substantially as described in the Documentation for a period of ninety
(90) days after date of shipment of the Licensed Software to BUYER.
This warranty shall not apply to Products or Software that have been either resold or transferred from
BUYER to any other party. Any such transfer voids the above warranty and related licenses. Carrier
Access offers expanded product care beyond what is covered by the warranty through different
support plans. The plans are designed to maximize network availability through advance replacement
for defective equipment. Please contact your Carrier Access representative for support program
details.
Warranty Procedure
BUYER must promptly notify Carrier Access of any defect in the Product or Software and comply
with Carrier Access' return/repair policy and procedures. Carrier Access or its agent will have the
right to inspect the Product or workmanship on BUYER's premises. With respect to a warranty defect
in Product hardware reported to Carrier Access by BUYER during the warranty period, Carrier
Access, as its sole obligation and BUYER's exclusive remedy for any breach of warranty, will use
commercially reasonable efforts, at its option, to:
a. repair, replace, or service at its factory or on the BUYER's premises the Product, or
component therein, or workmanship found to be defective so that the Product
hardware operates substantially in accordance with Carrier Access Documentation;
or
b. credit BUYER for the Product in accordance with Carrier Access's depreciation
policycredit BUYER for the Product in accordance with Carrier Access's
depreciation policy.
With respect to a warranty defect in the Licensed Software reported to Carrier Access by BUYER
during the 90-day software warranty period, Carrier Access, at its own expense and as its sole
obligation and BUYER's exclusive remedy for any breach of the software warranty, will use
commercially reasonable efforts to, at its option,
a. correct any reproducible error in the Licensed Software, or
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
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Preface
b. replace the defective Licensed Software, as follows: Should a Severity 1 or 2
warranty defect with the Software occur during the 90-day warranty period, Carrier
Access will provide, in its sole determination, either
1. software to resolve the defect to be downloaded into the affected units by the
BUYER or
2. a documented workaround to address the issue.
Severity 1 issues are failures of the Licensed Software to comply with the Carrier Access
software specifications and that completely or severely affect the Carrier Access Product and its
traffic or service capacity, or maintenance or monitoring capabilities.
Severity 2 issues are failures of the Licensed Software to comply with the Carrier Access
software specifications and that result in a major degradation of the Carrier Access Product so
as to impact its system or service performance, or significant impairments to network operator
control or effectiveness. Should a Severity 3 warranty defect with the Licensed Software occur
during the 90-day warranty period, Carrier Access will provide assistance to Buyer to determine
if a solution or workaround will be provided in a subsequent software release following the
reported issue.
Severity 3 issues are defined as failures of the Licensed Software to comply with the Carrier
Access software specifications but that do not significantly impair the function or service of the
Carrier Access Product or the system.
Determination of Severity 1, 2 or 3 shall be made solely by Carrier Access following receipt of
the reported problem. Refurbished material may be used to repair or replace the Product.
BUYER shall bear the risk of loss for Products or Software returned to Carrier Access for repair,
replacement, or service, and the same must be shipped pre-paid by BUYER.
Requests for warranty services and troubleshooting must be made to, and will be provided by, the
Carrier Access Customer Support Center via telephone during the warranty period and during normal
business hours. Normal business hours for Carrier Access Customer Support Center are 7:00 a.m. to
6:00 p.m. Mountain Standard Time, Monday through Friday, excluding weekends and standard
Carrier Access recognized holidays.
Limitation of Warranty & Limitation of Remedies
Correction of defects by repair, replacement, or service will be at Carrier Access's option and
constitute Carrier Access' sole obligation and BUYER's sole and exclusive remedy under the limited
warranty. Any such error correction or replacement provided to BUYER does not extend the original
warranty period for hardware or software, respectively.
Carrier Access assumes no warranty or other liability with respect to defects in the Product or
Software caused by:
a. modification, repair, storage, installation, operation, or maintenance of the Product
or Software by anyone other than Carrier Access or its agent, or as authorized and
in accordance with the Carrier Access Documentation; or
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Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Preface
b. the negligent, unlawful or other improper use or storage of the Product or Software,
including its use with incompatible equipment or software; or
c. fire, explosion, power failures, acts of God, or any other cause beyond Carrier
Access' reasonable control; or
d. handling or transportation after title of the Product passes to BUYER.
Other manufacturer's equipment or software purchased by Carrier Access and resold to BUYER will
be limited to that manufacturer's warranty. Carrier Access assumes no warranty liability for other
manufacturer's equipment or software furnished by BUYER.
BUYER UNDERSTANDS AND AGREES AS FOLLOWS: Except for the limited warranty set forth
above, the Product, License Software and all services performed by Carrier Access hereunder are
provided "as is," without representations or warranties of any kind. Carrier Access does not warrant
that the Product, License Software, any hardware or software, or any update, upgrade, fix or
workaround furnished to BUYER will meet BUYER's requirements, that the operation thereof,
including any maintenance or major releases thereto will be uninterrupted or error-free.
THE WARRANTIES IN THIS AGREEMENT REPLACE ALL OTHER WARRANTIES,
EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, AND ALL OTHER OBLIGATIONS OR LIABILITIES OF
CARRIER ACCESS, INCLUDING ANY WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS
FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, NONINFRINGEMENT AND/OR ANY IMPLIED
WARRANTIES ARISING OUT OF COURSE OF PERFORMANCE OR COURSE OF DEALING.
ALL OTHER WARRANTIES ARE DISCLAIMED AND EXCLUDED BY CARRIER ACCESS.
THE REMEDIES CONTAINED IN THIS AGREEMENT WILL BE THE SOLE AND
EXCLUSIVE REMEDIES WHETHER IN CONTRACT, TORT, OR OTHERWISE, AND
CARRIER ACCESS WILL NOT BE LIABLE FOR INJURIES OR DAMAGES TO PERSONS OR
PROPERTY RESULTING FROM ANY CAUSE WHATSOEVER, WITH THE EXCEPTION OF
INJURIES OR DAMAGES CAUSED BY THE GROSS NEGLIGENCE OF CARRIER ACCESS.
THIS LIMITATION APPLIES TO ALL SERVICES, SOFTWARE, AND PRODUCTS DURING
AND AFTER THE WARRANTY PERIOD. IN NO EVENT WILL CARRIER ACCESS BE
LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, LOSS OF
DATA, OR COMMERCIAL LOSSES EVEN IF CARRIER ACCESS HAS BEEN ADVISED
THEREOF.
No agent, BUYER, or representative is authorized to make any warranties on behalf of Carrier Access
or to assume for Carrier Access any other liability in connection with any of Carrier Access's
Products, software, or services.
The foregoing summarizes Carrier Access' entire product and software warranties, which are subject
to change without notice.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
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Preface
Warranty Product Returns
Before returning any equipment to Carrier Access Corporation, first contact the distributor or dealer
from which you purchased the product.
A Return Material Authorization (RMA) number is required for all equipment returned to Carrier
Access Corporation. Call Carrier Access Corporation Customer Support at (800) 786-9929 or (303)
442-5455 for RMA number, repair/warranty information and shipping instructions. Be prepared to
provide the following information:
Carrier Access Corporation serial number(s) from the system chassis or circuit card(s)
Name of distributor or dealer from which you purchased the product
Description of defect
Preface
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Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Table of Contents
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Preface
Compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
Safety Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi
Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .vii
Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix
1
Product Description
Purpose. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
ATM Interfaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
User Equipment Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
Management Interfaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
System Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7
Chassis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8
Fan Tray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
Power and Redundancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
Grounding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
Alarms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
Module Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
OC-12c/STM-4c NIM. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13
NIM IOM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
Unstructured DS3-3 SAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-15
Unstructured E3-3 SAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-16
Unstructured DS3-3/E3-3 IOM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-17
Structured DS3 SAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-18
Table of Contents
Structured DS3 IOM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unstructured DS3-3/E3-3 IOM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Protection IOM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CPU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CPU IOM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Alarm Power Module (APM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Alarm Power Module IOM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2
1-19
1-20
1-21
1-22
1-23
1-24
1-25
Planning and Ordering Guide
Application Planning Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Basic Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TDM Circuit Aggregation and Backhaul. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mission-Critical Circuit Resiliency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-2
2-2
2-3
2-4
System Planning Factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
System Architecture. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Cell Bus Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
Unstructured DS3-3/E3-3 Configuration Guidelines. . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Structured DS3 Configuration Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
ATM Bandwidth per Cell Bus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
ATM Bandwidth per Module. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
ATM Network Loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Installation Planning Factors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
Ordering Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contact Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Broadmore 1750 Chassis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Broadmore 1750 Options and Spares. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Network Interface Module (NIM) Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Service Access Module (SAM) Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
2-15
2-15
2-15
2-16
2-17
2-18
Receipt of Product
Receipt. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Unpacking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Damage Reporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
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4
Chassis Installation and Grounding
Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Installation Factors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
Rack Mounting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
Mounting Brackets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Rack Mounting Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Chassis Grounding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
AC Power Supply Tray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
5
Module and Fan Installation
Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Module Installation Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4
Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
Remove Chassis Covers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
Module Locations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6
Installation Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
NIM Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9
SAM Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10
CPU Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10
APM Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10
NIM IOM Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-11
SAM IOM Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-11
Protection SAM IOM Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-11
CPU IOM Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-12
APM IOM Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-12
Replace Chassis Covers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-13
Fan Tray Installation Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-14
Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-15
Remove Front Chassis Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-15
Fan Tray Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-15
Replace Chassis Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-16
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Electrical Installation
Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
Electrical Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tools. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cable Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-3
6-3
6-3
6-3
Cabling and Compliance Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4
Alarm Port Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
Optical Interface Connections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-6
BITS Interface Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7
NIM/SAM IOM Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
General Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
Unstructured DS3-3/E3-3 IOM Connections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-9
Structured DS3 IOM Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10
CPU IOM Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Remote Shutdown Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Serial Port Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ethernet Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-11
6-11
6-11
6-11
Power Supply Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Optional AC Power Supply Connections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Broadmore Power Input Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting –48 VDC Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-12
6-12
6-14
6-14
Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-15
7
Configuration
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2
Power-up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
User Interface Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-4
Screen Display Annotation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5
Key Map. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-6
CAMMI Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-7
System Services Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-8
CAM Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-8
Ethernet IP Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-9
ATM Address. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-11
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ATM Address List (optional) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-11
Connection Retry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-13
Retry Cause Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-13
CIP over ATM (RFC 1577) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-14
Static Routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-16
LANE Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-17
UNI Version . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-19
General Properties. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-20
User Security Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-23
Power Supply Redundancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-24
Module Redundancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-25
Protection Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-25
NIM Redundancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-26
SAM Redundancy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-29
CPU Redundancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-33
Module Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-37
How to Configure Specific Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-38
OC-12c/STM-4c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-39
OC-12c/STM-4c BITS/Timing Redundancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-40
Unstructured DS3 SAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-43
Structured DS3 SAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-50
Unstructured E3-3 SAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-57
PVC Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-63
SVC Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-65
VP Reservation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-67
System Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-70
Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-73
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Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-2
Chassis Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-2
OC-12c/STM-4c NIM Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-3
Alarm Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4
Slot Statistics for NIM/SAM Cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4
24-Hour Statistics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-13
PLOA/AAL5 Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-14
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LED Alerts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Error Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Redundancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CPU Sync. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Problem Isolation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Port Loopback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Failure Recovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Alarm Response/Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Flowchart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-15
8-15
8-16
8-16
8-17
8-18
8-19
8-21
8-22
8-22
Repair/Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
NIM Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SAM Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IOM Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CPU Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CPU IOM Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fan Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Integrated Fan/Alarm Module Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-30
8-31
8-32
8-33
8-34
8-35
8-36
8-36
8-37
General Maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fan Filter Cleaning and Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance/Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engineering Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-39
8-39
8-40
8-42
Summary of Front Panel LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-44
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Command Line Interface
CLI Access. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-2
Creating and Running Scripts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-4
Port Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-6
Monitor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-8
About Command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-9
10
Security Management
Security Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-2
Security Guidance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-3
Logging In . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-5
Log-in Banner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-6
System Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-7
Network Time Protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-8
Managing Users and Audit Trails . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-10
User ID Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-10
Change User ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-11
User Audit Trails . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-13
IP ICMP Messages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-17
SNMP Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-18
Shell Commands (Non-FIPS Mode) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-19
FIPS Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-19
Authorized Access to Shell Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-19
FTP Login . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-21
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Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Security Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-2
Security Guidance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-3
Authentication and Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-6
Authorized Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-7
Key Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Default DSA Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Generating DSA Key Pairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing the DSA Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11-8
11-8
11-8
11-8
Logging In . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-9
Logging in with SecurID Disabled . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-9
Logging in with SecurID Enabled . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-11
Log-in Banner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-13
System Clock. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-14
Network Time Protocol. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-15
viii
Changing Security Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Help About Security. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enabling FIPS Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disabling FIPS Mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enabling SecurID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disabling SecurID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IP ICMP Messages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SNMP Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11-17
11-17
11-18
11-20
11-21
11-24
11-24
11-25
User Administration and Audit Trails. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
User ID Rules. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Change User ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
User Audit Trails . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11-26
11-26
11-27
11-30
Shell Commands (FIPS Mode) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
fipsmode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
selftest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
settimeout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
sshdShow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
sshdSessionShow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
scp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
resetSecurID. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11-34
11-34
11-34
11-35
11-35
11-37
11-38
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zeroize . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-40
Authorized Access to Shell Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-41
SFTP Login . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-43
Logging in with SecurID Disabled . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-43
Logging in with SecurID Enabled . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-46
SecurID Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-49
Residual Data and Memory Volatility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-50
Non-Volatile Memory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-50
Network Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-51
Sanitation Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-51
12
SNMP Configuration
SNMP Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-2
SNMP Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-3
USM/VACM Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-6
Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-8
Groups. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-13
Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-16
Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-19
Communities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-24
Trap Configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-28
Trap Detection Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-28
Trap Management Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-29
Table Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-32
Targets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-33
Target Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-35
Notifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-37
Notify Filters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-40
Notify Profiles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-42
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
ix
Table of Contents
A
Technical Specifications
Broadmore 1750 Platform. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-2
System Architecture. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-2
Management. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-2
Network Standards. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-3
Redundancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-3
Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-3
Testing & Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-4
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-4
Regulatory Approvals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-4
Physical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-5
Environment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-5
Broadmore Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-6
OC-12c Network Interface Modules (NIMs). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-6
DS3 (T3) Structured Circuit Emulation SAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-6
DS3 Unstructured Circuit Emulation SAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-7
E3 Unstructured Circuit Emulation SAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-7
B
C
Spare Parts List
Software Error Messages
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-2
System Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-3
Setup Errors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-4
D
E
Sample Network with RFC 1577 Configuration
Chassis Differences
Broadmore Chassis Differences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E-2
Hardware Differences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E-2
Software Differences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E-3
x
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Table of Contents
F
IPv6 Support
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F-2
Configuring IPv6 Addresses for Network Interfaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F-2
Adding an IPv6 Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F-2
Displaying an Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F-2
Deleting an IPv6 Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F-3
Pinging over IPv6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F-4
Pinging an IPv6 Host . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F-4
Ping the Loopback Interface Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F-4
Testing route6 Application. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F-5
Adding an IPv6 Route. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F-5
Adding a Host Route. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F-5
Adding a Network Route . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F-5
Showing all IPv6 routes configured in the Broadmore. . . . . . . . . . . . F-6
Deleting the Default Route . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F-7
Deleting a Host Route. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F-7
Deleting a Network Route . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F-7
G
Broadmore Command List
Commands Available at the Command Prompt. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G-2
Commands Available at the CLI Prompt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G-3
Glossary
Acronyms and Abbreviations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Glossary-1
Glossary of Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Glossary-6
Index
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
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Table of Contents
xii
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
CHAPTER
1
Product Description
In this Chapter
Purpose ... 1-2
Applications ... 1-3
Interfaces ... 1-4
System Description ... 1-7
Module Descriptions ... 1-12
Product Description
Purpose
Purpose
The Broadmore 1750 is an Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) service multiplexer
that enables connection of existing and future services through an ATM network. The
Broadmore allows users to implement tailored ATM strategies. This modular system
has flexible configurations for service access, network interface, and redundancy.
The Broadmore functions as an ATM network service access node that supports the
transport of existing broadband services (voice, video, and data) over ATM networks.
Typically, it is deployed at the edge of an ATM network as the ATM node element
closest to the customer. The Broadmore accepts signals from non-ATM-ready
equipment, converts the signals to standard ATM cells, and multiplexes the cells onto
a single ATM User Network Interface (UNI) port. The Broadmore accepts constantbit-rate (CBR) services. Permanent Virtual Circuit (PVC) and Switched Virtual Circuit
(SVC) services are available based upon the user-defined module configuration.
The Broadmore now includes FIPS 140-2 validated system management software that
meets the security requirements of Federal Information Processing Standard PUB
140-2.
1-2
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Product Description
Applications
Applications
The Broadmore 1750 is currently deployed in Government and commercial ATM and
satellite networks. The Central Office configuration described in this manual has fully
redundant network and service interfaces, CPUs, and power supplies. The OC-12c
network interface transports a variety of multiplexed TDM services including
structured and unstructured DS3, and unstructured E3 services for voice and data
communications.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
1-3
Product Description
Interfaces
Interfaces
ATM Interfaces ... 1-4
User Equipment Interfaces ... 1-4
Management Interfaces ... 1-5
ATM Interfaces
The Broadmore 1750 supports the following ATM Network Interface Modules
(NIMs):
OC-12c/STM-4c (622 Mbps), singlemode, intermediate reach (IR), SC
connectors
OC-12c/STM-4c (622 Mbps), multimode, premise reach (PR), SC connectors
User Equipment Interfaces
The Broadmore 1750 supports the following network and Service Access Modules
(SAMs) to support user data services:
Unstructured DS3-3 (three ports)
Unstructured E3-3 (three ports)
Structured DS3
1-4
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Product Description
Management Interfaces
Management Interfaces
Security ... 1-5
FIPS Interface ... 1-5
Physical and Logical Interfaces ... 1-6
User Interfaces ... 1-6
File Access and Software Upgrades ... 1-6
Security
The Broadmore is controlled via system management software embedded in the
CPU’s “flash disk” memory. This software defines the system command structure
and provides a user interface for operation and administration. The Broadmore
supports multiple user accounts and access levels. There are four levels of user
access. Only a network administrator or crypto officer with “SuperUser” access
can assign user names, passwords, and access levels.
FIPS Interface
The Broadmore now includes the Broadmore/SSHield Management Module,
which is a FIPS 140-2 validated software-only module that meets the security
requirements of Federal Information Processing Standard PUB 140-2. The
Broadmore can operate in either FIPS mode or non-FIPS mode, depending on the
desired level of security. (For a description of the FIPS mode features, see
“Security Management (FIPS Mode)” on page 11-1.)
NOTE: Enabling FIPS mode security will disable FTP and Telnet access.
Users must then log in using secure client replacements such as
SecureCRT® and SecureFX®. A secure terminal emulator is required to
enter a secure Broadmore system. Although many secure terminal
emulators are available, SecureCRT is recommended.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
1-5
Product Description
Management Interfaces
Physical and Logical Interfaces
The CPU is the entry point for both local and remote network management of the
Broadmore. The management interface can be reached either in-band or out-ofband via Telnet or SecureCRT. The CPU module provides a serial port (DB9) for
local console access and the CPU IOM provides a 10Base-TX Ethernet port for
LAN access. Both interfaces provide full support for out-of-band access to all of
the Broadmore management interfaces, depending on the user’s assigned security
level.
The embedded software operating system can be accessed via:
Craft terminal or PC using the RS-232 serial or modem interface
IP over ATM protocols: RFC-1577 Classical IP (CLIP) and LAN Emulation
Client (LANE) with the Broadmore acting as the LEC
Telnet or SecureCRT via Ethernet or IP over ATM
User Interfaces
There are two principal user interfaces to the Broadmore system management
software:
Communication Access Multiplexer Management Interface (CAMMI), a
quasi-graphical user interface accessible from a serial terminal and by Telnet
or SecureCRT over IP.
Command line interface (CLI) accessible from a serial terminal and by Telnet
or SecureCRT over IP.
File Access and Software Upgrades
Data stored on the CPU’s flash disk is protected. In FIPS mode, only a SuperUser
can access data files or upgrade the system software. In non-FIPS mode, a
SuperUser or SysAdmin can transfer files.
1-6
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Product Description
System Description
System Description
Features ... 1-7
Chassis ... 1-8
Fan Tray ... 1-9
Power and Redundancy ... 1-9
Grounding ... 1-9
Alarms ... 1-9
Modules ... 1-10
Features
The Broadmore 1750 consists of a chassis and various plug-in modules. This fully
integrated system provides the following features:
Redundant power sources, CPUs, NIMs, and SAMs.
Front-loadable, hot-swappable modules that allow for single part replacement
without affecting other portions of the system.
Cable separation with user equipment copper/coax interfaces on the chassis rear,
and fiber optic ATM interface cables on the chassis front.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
1-7
Product Description
Chassis
Chassis
The Broadmore 1750 chassis can be configured to perform various functions with plugin modules. The chassis includes a passive midplane, 17 slots for modules, and a fan
assembly. The 1750 midplane also supports 1:N SAM redundancy. Attached mounting
brackets are configured for standard EIA 19-inch rack installation. These brackets may
be rotated 90 degrees for 23-inch relay rack installation. The chassis has removable
front and rear covers, which should remain in place during normal operations. These
covers should only be removed to provide internal access for installation, maintenance,
or system upgrade.
Chassis Cover*
Rear Cover
Midplane*
Input/
Output
Module
Network
Interface
Module
Fan
Tray
Front
Cover
1-8
Rack Mounting
Brackets
*Not User Removable
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Product Description
Fan Tray
Fan Tray
A removable fan tray, with two fans, is located below the card slots. These fans provide
vertical airflow to aid in heat dissipation. The fan tray can be removed for maintenance
or replacement without powering down the Broadmore. Empty module slots must be
covered by blank panels to maintain proper air flow.
NOTE:
Configurations using more than four Structured DS3 SAMs
require a high-capacity 3-fan tray for cooling. (Contact factory for details.)
Power and Redundancy
There are two power input connectors, labeled A and B, for receiving –48 VDC at the
rear of the chassis. Normally, power is provided directly from the installation facility’s
–48 VDC source to the connectors at the rear of the chassis. The Broadmore will
operate with one power input but connecting an independent power source to the
second input will provide redundancy.
A redundant AC power supply tray (P/N 7660-17PS) is available as a separate unit
designed to be rack-mounted directly below the Broadmore 1750 chassis. The AC
Power Supply supports two non-load-sharing, hot-swappable power supply modules.
Each module is capable of supporting a Broadmore 1750 with a fully loaded
complement of interface cards. It is recommended that each power supply have its own
separate fused outlet for true power redundancy. There is no impact to the Broadmore
1750 as long as one (or both) of the modules is operating normally.
Grounding
Ground lugs at the rear of the chassis allow connection to the building ground system.
A separate ESD ground connection is provided for use with a ground strap when
performing maintenance.
Alarms
A four-wire terminal block at the rear of the chassis provides “form C” relay contact
closure connections for major and minor alarm signals.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
1-9
Product Description
Modules
Modules
Broadmore 1750 system architecture is similar to the Broadmore 1700, except that the
Broadmore 1750 midplane design also supports 1:N SAM protection using a redundant
SAM installed in slot P. Modules are installed from the front and rear of the chassis.
There are 17 vertical slots as viewed from the front with the cover removed.
The Broadmore 1750 is generally configured as a fully redundant system with
redundant CPUs, redundant OC-12c NIMs, and redundant SAMs, as shown on the next
page. Five Unstructured DS3-3 (or E3-3) SAMs provide 1:4 protection for 4 threemodules. Similarly, twelve Structured DS3 SAMs provide 1:11 protection for 11 oneport modules. Other configurations are possible (contact factory for details).
The Broadmore 1750 is shipped in a minimum usable configuration with a factory
installed Alarm/Power Module in the right-most slot. Unused slots are covered with
blank panels except the slots for a single NIM, SAM, and CPU module.
The Broadmore 1750 chassis can be configured with the following modules.
Network Interface Module (NIM) – 1 or 2 (must be identical)
Service Access Module (SAM) – 1 to 4 Unstructured DS3-3 or E3-3 SAMs in
slots C, F, J, and M; or 1 to 11 Structured DS3 SAMs in slots C to N. (All
protected SAMs must be identical.) See figures on next page.
Protection SAM – 1 SAM in slot P (must be identical to one of the above SAMs)
Central Processing Unit (CPU) – 1 or 2 (must be identical)
Alarm/Power Module (APM) – 1 (factory installed)
Input/Output Module (IOM) – 1 for each NIM, SAM, and CPU (installed in rear
panel immediately behind corresponding module in front panel)
Protection IOM – 1 (installed in rear panel immediately behind Protection SAM)
NOTE:
Configurations using more than four Structured DS3 SAMs
require a high-capacity 3-fan tray for cooling. (Contact factory for details.)
1-10
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Product Description
Modules
Example of Fully Redundant Configuration with Unstructured DS3-3 or E3-3 SAMs
J
K
L
M
N
P
CPU CPU APM
Q
R
APM
H
CPU
G
uDS3-3 or uE3-3 SAM
F
CPU
E
PROTECTION SAM
D
CPU Slots
uDS3-3 or uE3-3 SAM
C
uDS3-3 or uE3-3 SAM
B
OC-12c NIM
OC-12c NIM
A
SAM Slots
uDS3-3 or uE3-3 SAM
NIM Slots
Example of Fully Redundant Configuration with Structured DS3 SAMs
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
APM
CPU CPU APM
Q
R
CPU
P
CPU
N
PROTECTION SAM
M
sDS3 SAM
L
sDS3 SAM
K
sDS3 SAM
J
CPU Slots
sDS3 SAM
H
sDS3 SAM
G
sDS3 SAM
F
sDS3 SAM
E
sDS3 SAM
D
sDS3 SAM
C
sDS3 SAM
B
OC-12c NIM
OC-12c NIM
A
SAM Slots
sDS3 SAM
NIM Slots
1-11
Product Description
Module Descriptions
Module Descriptions
Network Interface Modules
OC-12c/STM-4c NIM ... 1-13
NIM IOM ... 1-14
Service Access Modules
Unstructured DS3-3 SAM ... 1-15
Unstructured E3-3 SAM ... 1-16
Unstructured DS3-3/E3-3 IOM ... 1-17
Structured DS3 SAM ... 1-18
Structured DS3 IOM ... 1-19
Protection IOM ... 1-21
System Modules
CPU ... 1-22
CPU IOM ... 1-23
Alarm Power Module (APM) ... 1-24
Alarm Power Module IOM ... 1-25
1-12
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Product Description
OC-12c/STM-4c NIM
OC-12c/STM-4c NIM
Module Type
NIM
Part Number
7660-113 (Premise Reach, Multi Mode fiber)
7660-114 (Intermediate Reach, Single Mode fiber)
Slot Number
A (Protection), B (Working)
Features
OC-12 (622.080 Mbps)
SC fiber optic connectors
Description
The OC-12c/STM-4c NIM is available with either
Intermediate Reach or Premise Reach fiber optic
terminations. It is compatible with any combination of
SAMs installed in the Broadmore 1750 chassis, up to
the available bandwidth.
FAULT
Interface from the SAMs to the NIM is accomplished
via the chassis midplane. An OC-12c/STM-4c, single
mode, Intermediate Reach (IR) module supports ATM
physical (PHY) data rates up to OC-12 (622.080
Mbps).
Indicators
FAULT – normal (no fault), major alarm, or minor
alarm
ON-LINE – normal, standby, or not ready
LOS – good RX power, or loss of signal
Connectors
TX and RX fiber interfaces to the ATM network are
made via the SC connectors on the NIM, accessed
from the front of the chassis.
ON-LINE
LOS
TX
RX
OC 12
7 6 6 0 -1 1 4
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
1-13
Product Description
NIM IOM
NIM IOM
Module Type
NIM IOM
Part Number
7660-406
Slot Number
Mounts in rear behind corresponding OC-12c/STM-4c
NIM
Features
BITS clock input
Jumper selectable BITS clock termination impedance
Description
The NIM IOM provides a physical interface to an
external clock, giving the option of synchronizing the
Broadmore 1750 master clock to an external source.
BITS timing is provided to the Broadmore 1750 via the
NIM IOM. In a redundant system, BITS clock may be
provided to each NIM IOM.
Connectors
NIM IN – BNC connector reserved for future use.
NIM OUT – BNC connector reserved for future use.
BITS – RJ48C connector for BITS input clock.
Jumpers
BITS impedance matching jumpers located on the
component side of the circuit board provide selection
of 100 ohms, 75 ohms, or no termination.
NIM
IN
OUT
BITS
IOM
NIM
7 6 6 0 -4 0 6
1-14
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Product Description
Unstructured DS3-3 SAM
Unstructured DS3-3 SAM
Module Type
SAM
Part Number
7660-034
Slot Number
Working: C, F, J, M
Protection: P
Features
Three DS3 port (44.736 Mbps)
622.080 Mbps total ATM bandwidth
Description
The Unstructured DS3 SAM provides three bidirectional ports, each at 44.736 Mbps. Input and
output coax connectors are provided for each port on
the DS3 IOM. Both PVC and SVC services are
provided. Either may be chosen through appropriate
module configuration.
F A U L T
O N -L IN E
A L A R M
1
2
3
The Broadmore 1750 supports 11 DS3 ports within the
available OC-12 ATM bandwidth of 622.080 Mbps.
Indicators
FAULT – normal (no fault), major alarm, minor alarm,
or no connection
ONLINE – normal, standby, or not ready
ALARM (one LED per port) – normal (enabled),
major alarm, minor alarm, or no connection
DS3 SAM
7660-034
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
1-15
Product Description
Unstructured E3-3 SAM
Unstructured E3-3 SAM
Module Type
SAM
Part Number
7660-045
Slot Number
Working: C, F, J, M
Protection: P
Features
Three E3 ports (34.368 Mbps)
Description
The Unstructured E3-3 SAM provides three bidirectional ports, each at 34.368 Mbps. Input and
output coax connectors are provided for each port on
the IOM. Both PVC and SVC services are provided.
Either may be chosen through appropriate module
configuration.
FAULT
ONLINE
ALARM
1
2
3
The Broadmore 1750 supports 12 Unstructured E3
ports within the available OC-12 ATM bandwidth of
622.080 Mbps.
Controls
FAULT – normal (no fault), major alarm, minor alarm,
or no connection
ONLINE – normal, standby, or not ready
ALARM (one LED per port) – normal (enabled),
major alarm, minor alarm, or no connection
E 3 S A M
7 6 6 0 -0 4 5
1-16
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Product Description
Unstructured DS3-3/E3-3 IOM
Unstructured DS3-3/E3-3 IOM
Module Type
IOM
Part Number
7660-409
Slot Number
Mounts in chassis rear behind corresponding SAM
Description
Each Unstructured DS3/E3 IOM provides three ports.
When used with a DS3 SAM, each port operates at
44.736 Mbps.
When used with an E3 SAM, each port operates at
34.368 Mbps.
Connectors
Three pairs of BNC coaxial connectors for RG-59,
75 ohm cable.
IN – port receiver RX input
OUT – port transmitter TX output
IN
OUT
1
IN
2
OUT
IN
OUT
3
IOM
DS3
7 6 6 0 -4 0 9
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
1-17
Product Description
Structured DS3 SAM
Structured DS3 SAM
Module Type
SAM
Part Number
7660-672
Slot Number
Working: C to N
Protection: P
Features
One DS3 port (44.736 Mbps)
Logical connections directly to DS1 or DS0
Description
The Structured DS3 SAM provides one bi-directional
port at 44.736 Mbps. Input and output coax connectors
are provided for the port on the IOM. Both PVC and
SVC services are provided. Either may be chosen
through appropriate module configuration.
F A U L T
O N -L IN E
The Broadmore 1750 supports a maximum of four
Structured DS3 modules with the standard fan tray.
Configurations using more than four Structured DS3
SAMs require a high-capacity 3-fan tray for cooling.
(Contact factory for details.)
Indicators
FAULT – normal (no fault), major alarm, minor alarm,
or no connection
ONLINE – normal, standby, or not ready
ALARM (one LED per port) – normal (enabled),
major alarm, minor alarm, or no connection
DS3 SAM
STRUCT
7 6 6 0 -6 7 2
1-18
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Product Description
Structured DS3 IOM
Structured DS3 IOM
Module Type
IOM
Part Number
7660-416
Slot Number
Mounts in chassis rear behind corresponding SAM
Description
One structured DS3 port at 44.736 Mbps.
Connectors
One pair of BNC coaxial connectors.
IN – receiver input
OUT – transmitter output
IN
OUT
1
IOM
DS3
STRUCT
7 6 6 0 -4 1 6
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
1-19
Product Description
Unstructured DS3-3/E3-3 IOM
Unstructured DS3-3/E3-3 IOM
Module Type
IOM
Part Number
7660-409
Slot Number
Mounts in chassis rear behind corresponding SAM
Description
Each Unstructured DS3/E3 IOM provides three ports.
When used with a DS3 SAM, each port operates at
44.736 Mbps.
When used with an E3 SAM, each port operates at
34.368 Mbps.
Connectors
Three pairs of BNC coaxial connectors for RG-59,
75 ohm cable.
IN – port receiver RX input
OUT – port transmitter TX output
IN
OUT
1
IN
2
OUT
IN
OUT
3
IOM
DS3
7 6 6 0 -4 0 9
1-20
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Product Description
Protection IOM
Protection IOM
Module Type
IOM
Part Number
7660-410
Slot Number
Mounts in Broadmore 1750 chassis rear behind
corresponding protection SAM in slot P.
Description
Provides n×1 circuit switching for the protection SAM
in slot P.
Connectors
None. Inputs and Outputs continue to be provided by
the connectors on the failed SAM’s IOM.
IOM
nx1
PROTECT
7 6 6 0 -4 1 0
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
1-21
Product Description
CPU
CPU
Module Type
CPU
Part Number
7660-204
Slot Number
CPU Q (primary), CPU R (redundant)
Description
The CPU module provides the facilities for all system
monitoring, reporting, logging, and management. The
CPU also performs Segmentation and Reassembly
(SAR) for all in-band network management over the
ATM network. The CPU stores the FIPS-2 validated
Broadmore/SSHield management software on a “flash
disk” system. The operating system is pSOS version
2.2.7.
Controls
Toggle switch
ON – normal operation
OFF – turns CPU off
RESET – resets the CPU
Indicators
MASTER – lights green when operating as master;
lights amber when operating as standby. (Normally,
the CPU that comes online first will be the master.)
ON-LINE ACTIVITY – blinks amber to indicate CPU
activity including master/standby mirroring.
Connectors
SERIAL – DB9 RS-232 DTE serial management port
(Ethernet management port is on CPU IOM)
M A S T E R
O N L IN E
A C T IV IT Y
S
E
R
I
A
L
O
F
F
O
N
R
E
S
E
T
C P U
7 6 6 0 -2 0 4
1-22
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Product Description
CPU IOM
CPU IOM
Module Type
IOM
Part Number
7660-411
Slot Number
Mounts in chassis rear behind corresponding CPU
Description
The CPU IOM provides physical access to the system
for Ethernet and also provides the remote shutdown
interface as explained below.
Controls
REMOTE SHUT-DOWN – Spring terminal block for
installing cables for remote CPU shut-down. A remote
contact closure is used to short pins 1-2 or pins 3-4.
Jumpers control how these contact closures work.
Jumpers
REMOTE SHUT-DOWN – Two user-installed
jumpers on the component side of the module control
how the remote contact closures work. As shipped, the
jumpers connect pins 1-2 to pins 3-4 so that shorting
either pair will reboot both CPUs. With the jumpers
removed, shorting pins 1-2 will reboot the other-slot
CPU; shorting pins 3-4 will reboot the same-slot CPU.
It is recommended that the jumpers be removed.
Connectors
SERIAL – reserved for future use.
ETHERNET – RJ48 modular connector.
R E M O T E
S H U T D O W N
1
2
3
4
S E R IA L
P O R T
E T H E R N E T
IO M
C P U -2
7 6 6 0 -4 1 1
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
1-23
Product Description
Alarm Power Module (APM)
Alarm Power Module (APM)
Module Type
APM
Part Number
7660-023
Slot Number
APM
Description
An APM is factory-installed in the right-most card slot
as viewed from the front. The APM provides EMI
power conditioning and over-current protection for
each of the two –48 VDC power sources. Two 7.5
amp, 60 VDC fuses are located on the bottom of the
module. A green LED is provided for each power
source to indicate power is present. Major and minor
alarms are displayed via LEDs, which are visible with
the front panel installed. An over-temperature indicator
on the front of this module is reserved for future use.
The APM is user-replaceable.
Indicators
MAJOR
ALARM
MAJOR ALARM – lights red for major alarm
MINOR ALARM – lights amber for minor alarm
FAN FAIL – lights red when fan tray fails
OVER TEMP – (reserved for future use)
PWR A/B – lights green when power is applied to the
A or B inputs
PWR FAIL A/B – lights red when power supply A or
B fails
MINOR
ALARM
FAN
FAIL
OVER
TEMP
PWR
A
B
PWR
FAIL
A
B
ALARM
7 6 6 0 -0 2 3
1-24
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Product Description
Alarm Power Module IOM
Alarm Power Module IOM
Module Type
IOM
Part Number
7660-025
Slot Number
Mounts in chassis rear behind APM
Description
The Alarm Power IOM comes with four Bussman
GMT 7.5A, 60V fuses. Two of the fuses are used to
protect the redundant DC power inputs (A and B) and
the other two fuses are provided as spares. The chassis
will operate with only one power source but two
independent sources are recommended to provide
power supply redundancy.
Power, alarm, and grounding connections are made to
the connector panel at the bottom rear of the chassis.
Fuses
S
P
A
R
E
F
U
S
E
RAIL A – protection fuse for –48VDC power input A
RAIL B – protection fuse for –48VDC power input B
SPARE FUSES – two spare fuses in holders
F U S E
R
A
I
L
A
7 .5 A
6 0 V D C
F U S E
R
A
I
L
B
7 .5 A
6 0 V D C
POWER
7 6 6 0 -0 2 5
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
1-25
Product Description
Alarm Power Module IOM
1-26
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
CHAPTER
2
Planning and Ordering Guide
In this Chapter
Application Planning Guide ... 2-2
System Planning Factors ... 2-6
Installation Planning Factors ... 2-13
Ordering Guide ... 2-15
Planning and Ordering Guide
Application Planning Guide
Application Planning Guide
Basic Features ... 2-2
TDM Circuit Aggregation and Backhaul ... 2-3
Mission-Critical Circuit Resiliency ... 2-4
Basic Features
The Broadmore is designed as an ATM network service access node that supports the
transport of existing broadband services (voice, video, and data) over ATM networks.
The Broadmore accepts signals from non-ATM-ready equipment, converts the signals
to standard ATM cells, and multiplexes the cells onto a single ATM User Network
Interface (UNI) port. Permanent Virtual Circuit (PVC) and Switched Virtual Circuit
(SVC) services are available based upon the user-defined module configuration.
The Broadmore accepts a variety of constant bit rate (CBR) services including
structured DS3 and unstructured DS3 and E3.
2-2
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Planning and Ordering Guide
TDM Circuit Aggregation and Backhaul
TDM Circuit Aggregation and Backhaul
The Broadmore 1750 provides:
Massive DS3 trunking
– Remote shelf extension to the ATM network
Reduced costs, increased access
– Up to 11 DS3s per ATM Switch interface (versus the usual 4)
Edge cross-connect capability
– User connections switched directly
– Central terminations are not required (as with DACS)
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
2-3
Planning and Ordering Guide
Mission-Critical Circuit Resiliency
Mission-Critical Circuit Resiliency
The Broadmore 1750 provides:
Carrier-class equipment features including fully redundant, hot-swappable
components
Automatic Protection Switching (APS)
– Circuit, source, and destination device protection
Distributed Protection Switching (DPS)
– Circuit, source, destination device, edge node, and CPE protection
– Logical and physical redundancy between the switch and access shelf
– Unprecedented SLA delivery for TDM and Serial link
– Maximum network availability
– APS functionality through ATM technology
– Guaranteed interoperability
– Simple configuration
APS Features and Benefits
Two ports are grouped as primary and secondary SPVC ports (see figure below).
Provides access link, core, and port redundancy for source and/or destination
devices.
2-4
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Planning and Ordering Guide
Mission-Critical Circuit Resiliency
DPS Features and Benefits
SPVx Redundancy Group (Option 1) – Two ports are grouped as primary and
secondary SPVC ports. Provides access link, core, and port redundancy for
source and/or destination devices.
SPVx Source Resiliency (Option 2) – SPVC connection between source switches
monitors status of active switch. Once failure is identified, initiates fail-over to
backup.
SPVx Destination Resiliency (Option 3) – Full redundancy for the destination
device, port, destination switch, access link, and core. Primary and backup
destinations can be geographically separate.
APS and DPS Features
DPS Option 1
APS
ATM
Network
DPS Option 2
ATM
Network
DPS Option 3
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
2-5
Planning and Ordering Guide
System Planning Factors
System Planning Factors
System Architecture ... 2-6
Cell Bus Configuration ... 2-8
Unstructured DS3-3/E3-3 Configuration Guidelines ... 2-9
ATM Bandwidth per Cell Bus ... 2-11
ATM Bandwidth per Module ... 2-12
ATM Network Loading ... 2-12
The Broadmore 1750 is a customizable system. The following factors should be
considered when planning and configuring a system to meet customer requirements.
System Architecture
The Broadmore 1750 system architecture is based upon a midplane design allowing
modules to be installed from the front and rear of the chassis. There are 17 vertical slots
as viewed from the front with the cover removed. The figure shown below shows a
fully redundant system configured with OC-12c NIMs and Unstructured DS3 SAMs.
2-6
J
K
L
M
N
P
CPU CPU APM
Q
R
APM
H
CPU
G
CPU
F
PROTECTION SAM
E
CPU Slots
uDS3-3 or uE3-3 SAM
D
uDS3-3 or uE3-3 SAM
C
uDS3-3 or uE3-3 SAM
B
OC-12c NIM
OC-12c NIM
A
SAM Slots
uDS3-3 or uE3-3 SAM
NIM Slots
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Planning and Ordering Guide
System Architecture
The Broadmore 1750 is shipped in a minimum usable configuration with a factory
installed Alarm/Power Module in the right-most slot. Unused slots are covered with
blank panels except the slots for installing a single NIM, SAM, and CPU module.
The Broadmore 1750 chassis can be configured with the following modules:
Network Interface Module (NIM) – 1 or 2 (must be identical)
Service Access Module (SAM) – 1 or more
Central Processing Unit (CPU) – 1 or 2 (must be identical)
Alarm/Power Module (APM) – 1 (factory installed)
Input/Output Module (IOM) – 1 for each NIM, SAM, and CPU (installed in rear
panel immediately behind corresponding module in front panel)
Module slots are populated as follows:
The right-most slot, labeled “APM”, is for the Alarm/Power Module.
The two left-most slots, labeled “A” and “B”, support Network Interface Modules
(NIMs). The protection NIM goes in slot “A” and the working protection NIM in
slot “B”. If the system is not configured for NIM redundancy, the single NIM
should be inserted in slot “B”.
The two slots closest to the APM slot, labeled “CPU Q” and “CPU R”, support
the CPU modules. Either CPU can operate as the master or redundant protection
unit. If the system is not configured for CPU redundancy, the single CPU can be
inserted in either slot.
Slots “C” through “N” are for Service Access Modules (SAMs). SAMs should be
installed from left to right, so that they will be close to the NIMs.
Slots “P” if for the Protection SAM.
Input/Output Modules (IOMs) install from the rear of the chassis, directly behind
the corresponding front panel modules.
NOTE:
For recommended SAM locations, see the following
configuration guidelines.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
2-7
Planning and Ordering Guide
Cell Bus Configuration
Cell Bus Configuration
The Broadmore multiplexes user data onto ATM cell buses. Depending on the installed
NIM and SAMs, there can be up to four cell buses, designated A, C, D, and E. Each
cell bus is associated with specific module slots, as shown below.
A
B
C
CELL BUS E
Available Bandwidth is 152.520 Mbps
CELL BUS D
Available Bandwidth is 152.520 Mbps
CELL BUS C
Available Bandwidth is 152.520 Mbps
D
E
F
G
H
J
L
M
N
Cell Bus C
Cell Bus D
CELL BUS A
P
CPU
Q
CPU APM
R
SAM
Protection
Slot
SAM Slots
NIM Slots
2-8
K
Cell Bus E
Cell Bus A
Available Bandwidth is 129.480 Mbps
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Planning and Ordering Guide
Unstructured DS3-3/E3-3 Configuration Guidelines
Unstructured DS3-3/E3-3 Configuration Guidelines
A Broadmore 1750 with OC-12c NIM can utilize Cell Buses A, C, D, and E and
support up to 11 unstructured DS3 or 12 unstructured E3 ports within the available
OC-12 ATM bandwidth of 622.080 Mbps.
Because each unstructured DS3-3 and E3-3 SAM has three ports, only one SAM is
needed for each cell bus. However, to utilize the 1:N SAM protection feature, all
SAMs must be identical and be installed in specific slots.
For NIM redundancy, install OC-12c NIMs in slots A and B
If a single OC-12c NIM is used, it should be installed in slot B
Working SAMs must be installed in slots C, F, J, and M, corresponding to cell
buses C, D, E, and A, respectively
The Protection SAM is installed in slot P
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
J
K
L
M
N
P
CPU CPU APM
Q
R
APM
H
CPU
G
CPU
F
PROTECTION SAM
E
CPU Slots
uDS3-3 or uE3-3 SAM
D
uDS3-3 or uE3-3 SAM
C
uDS3-3 or uE3-3 SAM
B
OC-12c NIM
OC-12c NIM
A
SAM Slots
uDS3-3 or uE3-3 SAM
NIM Slots
2-9
Planning and Ordering Guide
Structured DS3 Configuration Guidelines
Structured DS3 Configuration Guidelines
A Broadmore 1750 with OC-12c NIM can utilize Cell Buses A, C, D, and E and
support up to 11 Structured DS3 ports within the available OC-12 ATM bandwidth
of 622.080 Mbps.
For NIM redundancy, install OC-12c NIMs in slots A and B
If a single OC-12c NIM is used, it should be installed in slot B
To utilize the 1:N SAM protection feature, working SAMs are installed in
slots C to N and the protection SAM is installed in slot P
NOTE:
Configurations using more than four Structured DS3 SAMs
require a high-capacity 3-fan tray for cooling. (Contact factory for details.)
2-10
APM
CPU CPU APM
Q
R
CPU
P
CPU
N
PROTECTION SAM
M
sDS3 SAM
L
sDS3 SAM
K
sDS3 SAM
J
CPU Slots
sDS3 SAM
H
sDS3 SAM
G
sDS3 SAM
F
sDS3 SAM
E
sDS3 SAM
D
sDS3 SAM
C
sDS3 SAM
B
OC-12c NIM
OC-12c NIM
A
SAM Slots
sDS3 SAM
NIM Slots
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Planning and Ordering Guide
ATM Bandwidth per Cell Bus
ATM Bandwidth per Cell Bus
Depending on the SAMs being used, a Broadmore 1750 chassis with an OC-12c NIM
can multiplex data onto all four ATM cell buses, providing a maximum ATM
bandwidth of up to 599.04 Mbps.
The maximum ATM bandwidth for each cell bus is shown below.
Cell Bus
Service Slots
ATM Bandwidth
Available to SAMs
A
C thru N (used by SAMs)
Q, R (used by CPUs for AAL5
management traffic)
< 129.48 Mbps
C
C, D, E
< 155.52 Mbps
D
F, G, H
< 155.52 Mbps
E
J, K, L
< 155.52 Mbps
All service slots
< 599.04 Mbps
Total
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
2-11
Planning and Ordering Guide
ATM Bandwidth per Module
ATM Bandwidth per Module
The CPU and each SAM uses a specific amount of ATM bandwidth, as shown below.
Module P/N
Module Description
ATM Bandwidth Required (Mbps)
7660-206
CPU, FIPS, 10Base-T,
AAL5
Average: < 2.5 Mbps
Maximum: 4.0 Mbps
7660-034
DS3, Unstructured,
3 port
Whole DS3: 50.45 Mbps
Maximum: 151.35 Mbps (all ports in
service)
7660-045
E3, Unstructured,
3 port
Each port: 39.21 Mbps
Maximum: 117.62 Mbps (all ports in
service)
7660-672
DS3, Structured,
1 port
Whole DS3: 50.45 Mbps
ATM Network Loading
The Broadmore 1750 multiplexes cells from various input SAMs into a single ATM
UNI signal that is delivered to the ATM network. There is overhead associated with
this process that reduces the total bandwidth available to the connected service
equipment. The Broadmore 1750 can load the network UNI to 95% capacity without
dropping cells. Service capacities are shown in the following table.
ATM Service Capacity
2-12
Module
Cell Bus
ATM Network
Rate (Mbps)
ATM Service
Capacity (Mbps)
OC-12c/STM-1c
A
C
D
E
Total
155.520
155.520
155.520
155.520
149.760
149.760
149.760
149.760
622.080
599.040
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Planning and Ordering Guide
Installation Planning Factors
Installation Planning Factors
The Broadmore 1750 is designed and delivered ready for installation in a standard 19"
or 23" relay or EIA equipment rack. Several factors should be considered and some
decisions made to ensure a smooth installation that meets all requirements. Installation
factors and system specifications are shown in the following tables.
Factor
Consideration
Access
Clearance
Broadmore 1750 requires the following access clearances for
service and maintenance:
Front: 24"
Rear: 4"
Top: 1.75" (Broadmore 1750 units may be stacked without this
clearance.)
Power
Source
DC Power: –48 VDC at 5 amperes is connected to the rear of the
Broadmore chassis. A second –48 VDC source may be connected
for redundancy.
Optional AC Power Supply Tray: Converts 110/240 VAC (50-60
Hz) to –48 VDC. Rack mounted tray (3.5" high) installs
immediately below Broadmore chassis and can hold two power
supplies. Unit comes with one power supply and cables. A second
power supply with cables can be added to provide redundant DC
power to the Broadmore. AC and DC power connections are at the
rear of the unit. The DC cable is approximately 3.5 ft. long.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
2-13
Planning and Ordering Guide
Installation Planning Factors
Cable
Management
2-14
Overall cable lengths can be optimized by equipment placement.
User equipment interface cable connections are made to the
input/output modules at the rear of Broadmore chassis.
ATM interface connections is via fiber cable to the network
interface modules at the front of Broadmore chassis.
Access and cable strain-relief tie-down points are provided.
Chassis front and rear cover removal is required.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Planning and Ordering Guide
Ordering Guide
Ordering Guide
Contact Information ... 2-15
Broadmore 1750 Chassis ... 2-15
Broadmore 1750 Options and Spares ... 2-16
Network Interface Module (NIM) Options ... 2-17
Service Access Module (SAM) Options ... 2-18
Contact Information
Inside Sales Direct: 800-365-2593
Fax: 303-218-5680
E-mail: [email protected]
Products and Solutions: www.carrieraccess.com
Broadmore 1750 Chassis
Each Broadmore 1750 chassis comes equipped with one CPU and IOM, one APM and
IOM, Dual –48VDC Power Inputs, and a Fan Tray. The following items are also
included: CD-ROM with Users Guide and Software, Grounding Strap, Console Cable,
Combination 19”/23” Rack Mount, and one year warranty.
Item
Part No.
Broadmore 1750 Chassis, –48 VDC
7665-1750
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
2-15
Planning and Ordering Guide
Broadmore 1750 Options and Spares
Broadmore 1750 Options and Spares
The following items are optional and are not required for basic operation. They can be
included to enhance network availability or utilized as spares.
Item
Part No.
Broadmore 1750 –48 VDC Chassis (with APM and IOM only)
7665-17B
Broadmore 1700/1750 AC Power Tray
7665-17PS
Converts voltage from 110/220 VAC (50-60 Hz) to –48 VDC.
Includes one 240W AC Power Supply, one additional slot for a
Redundant 240W AC Power Supply, one 48 VDC Inverter, and
one Cable to connect to the Broadmore’s –48 VDC Power Input.
Broadmore 1700/1750 AC Power Supply
This is the 240W AC Power Supply used for redundancy in the
Broadmore 1700/1750 AC Power Tray.
7660-115
Alarm & Power Module (APM)
7660-023
Alarm & Power I/O Module (APM IOM)
7660-025
Bussman 7.5 Amp Fuse
GMT7.5
Bussman Fuse Cover
GMT-X
Broadmore 1700/1750 Fan Tray
7660-024
Globe Motors Fan Filter
FFM745
Broadmore CPU Module with FIPS 140-2 validated Operating
Software
7660-206
Broadmore CPU I/O Module (CPU IOM)
7660-411
CPU Disk-On-Chip Flash Module
750-0044
CPU-2 replacement battery. Panasonic VL1220-1HF, or equivalent 034-0016
LapLink Cable, PC to Broadmore 1700 serial port cable with
DB9-F and DB25-F connectors on both ends
2-16
51670066-01
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Planning and Ordering Guide
Network Interface Module (NIM) Options
Network Interface Module (NIM) Options
NIM Sets ... 2-17
Individual Modules ... 2-17
The Broadmore 1750 chassis has two NIM slots available for redundancy. Both NIMs
must be identical in redundant installations.
NIM Sets
Each set includes the NIM, IOM, and cable option where applicable.
Optical Service Sets
Part No.
OC-12c/STM-4c Single Mode Intermediate Reach Optics (SC)
Module Set
7660-314
OC-12c/STM-4c Multi-Mode Optics (SC) Module Set
7660-313
Individual Modules
Each NIM and corresponding IOM is offered separately for sparing purposes.
Optical Service Modules
Part No.
OC-12c/STM-4c NIM, Single Mode Intermediate Reach
Optics (SC)
7660-114
OC-12c/STM-4c NIM, Multi-Mode Optics (SC)
7660-113
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
2-17
Planning and Ordering Guide
Service Access Module (SAM) Options
Service Access Module (SAM) Options
SAM Sets ... 2-18
Individual Modules ... 2-18
The Broadmore 1750 chassis has 12 SAM slots available for user connectivity.
SAM Sets
Each set includes the SAM and corresponding IOM.
TDM Service Sets
Part No.
DS3 Structured Single Port Module Set
7660-372
DS3 Unstructured Three Port Module Set
7660-334
E3 Unstructured Three Port Module Set
7660-345
Individual Modules
Each SAM and IOM is offered separately for sparing purposes.
2-18
TDM Service Modules
Part No.
DS3 Structured Single Port SAM
7660-672
DS3 Structured Single Port IOM
7660-416
DS3 Unstructured Three Port SAM
7660-034
E3 Unstructured Three Port SAM
7660-045
DS3/E3 Unstructured Three Port IOM
7660-409
Protection IOM, 1:N
7660-410
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
CHAPTER
3
Receipt of Product
In this Chapter
Receipt ... 3-2
Unpacking ... 3-2
Inspection ... 3-3
Receipt of Product
Receipt
Receipt
All Broadmore components with FIPS 140-2 validated software are packaged and
sealed at the factory with tamper-proof security tape.
Upon receipt, carefully examine the security sealing tapes on the shipping containers
for any signs of tampering.
NOTE:
Report any tampering to your security officer.
Inventory all material upon receipt to ensure that a complete shipment was received in
accordance with the packing list.
NOTE:
Report any damage sustained during shipment of equipment to
the transporter immediately upon receipt.
Unpacking
The Broadmore 1750 chassis is shipped with the Alarm/Power module and fan tray
installed. Additional modules ordered by the customer will normally be installed in the
chassis prior to shipping. When requested, modules can be individually boxed,
identified, and shipped separately in a second container.
WARNING! THE BROADMORE 1750 CHASSIS WEIGHS
APPROXIMATELY 31 POUNDS WITHOUT MODULES INSTALLED. USE CARE
IN REMOVING AND LIFTING THE CHASSIS FROM THE SHIPPING CONTAINER
TO AVOID EQUIPMENT DAMAGE.
The chassis container will include an accessory kit with the following materials:
users documentation on CD
ground strap
accessory cables
miscellaneous hardware
3-2
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Receipt of Product
Inspection
Inspection
Perform a visual inspection of all components for obvious damage or irregularities. Pay
special attention to the connectors, indicators, and switches on the individual circuit
cards. Follow ESD procedures when removing cards from protective bags for this
inspection. Carefully return the cards to their bags for storage until installation.
WARNING! SOME BROADMORE 1750 CIRCUIT BOARDS ARE ESDSENSITIVE. THESE ASSEMBLIES ARE IN INDIVIDUAL STATIC DISSIPATIVE
BAGS WITH AN ESD CAUTION LABEL ATTACHED. EMPLOY STANDARD
ESD HANDLING PROCEDURES, INCLUDING USE OF A PROPERLY
GROUNDED ESD WRIST STRAP BEFORE OPENING OR HANDLING THESE
ITEMS. ONLY OPEN THESE BAGS AT AN APPROVED ESD WORKSTATION.
CAREFULLY RETURN THE CARDS TO THEIR BAGS FOR STORAGE UNTIL
INSTALLATION. FAILURE TO FOLLOW THESE PROCEDURES WILL VOID THE
WARRANTY AND MAY RESULT IN COMPONENT DAMAGE.
Damage Reporting
Compare the contents of the shipping containers with the packing list provided.
Immediately report any inconsistencies to Carrier Access at (800) 786-9929. The
Customer Support Center will provide detailed instructions to resolve any issue or
concern.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
3-3
Receipt of Product
Damage Reporting
3-4
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
CHAPTER
4
Chassis Installation and Grounding
In this Chapter
Precautions ... 4-2
Installation Factors ... 4-3
Rack Mounting ... 4-4
Chassis Grounding ... 4-7
AC Power Supply Tray ... 4-8
Chassis Installation and Grounding
Precautions
Precautions
DANGER! EXERCISE NORMAL PRECAUTIONS FOR LIFTING HEAVY
OBJECTS. USE TWO PEOPLE TO LIFT THE BROADMORE 1750. WHEN
LIFTING, SUPPORT IT FROM THE BOTTOM AND TAKE CARE TO AVOID
SHARP EDGES OR CORNERS.
WARNING! THE FRONT AND REAR COVERS OF THE CHASSIS MUST
REMAIN IN PLACE DURING RACK-MOUNTING. THESE COVERS SHOULD
ONLY BE REMOVED FOR MODULE INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE AS
REQUIRED. THE COVERS SHOULD BE REPLACED AS SOON AS POSSIBLE
AFTER SUCH TASKS ARE COMPLETED.
WARNING! THE BROADMORE 1750 MOUNTING BRACKETS SHALL BE
CONNECTED TO THE CHASSIS USING ONLY THE SCREWS PROVIDED FOR
INITIAL BRACKET INSTALLATION. THE INSTALLER SHALL BE RESPONSIBLE FOR PROVIDING A STABLE RACK THAT SUPPORTS THE WEIGHT OF
THE BROADMORE 1750 AS INSTALLED.
WARNING! THE INSTALLER SHALL BE RESPONSIBLE FOR PROVIDING
A PROPER CHASSIS GROUND CONNECTION.
4-2
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Chassis Installation and Grounding
Installation Factors
Installation Factors
The Broadmore 1750 is designed and delivered ready for installation in a standard EIA
19" equipment rack. The mounting brackets can be repositioned for installation in a 23"
rack. To ensure a smooth installation that meets all requirements, the following
installation factors should be considered.
Factor
Consideration
Access Clearance
Broadmore 1750 requires the following access clearances for
service and maintenance:
Front: 24"
Rear: 4"
Top: 1.75" (Broadmore 1750 units may be stacked without this
clearance.)
Power Source
DC Power: –48 VDC at 5 amperes is connected to the rear of the
Broadmore chassis. A second –48 VDC source may be connected
for redundancy.
Optional AC Power Supply Tray: Converts 110/240 VAC (50-60
Hz) to –48 VDC. Rack mounted tray (3.5" high) can hold two power
supplies. Unit comes with one power supply and DC cable. A
second power supply with cable can be added to provide redundant
DC power to the Broadmore. AC and DC power connections are at
the rear of the unit. The DC cable is approximately 3.5 ft. long.
Cable
Management
Overall cable lengths can be optimized by equipment placement.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
User equipment interface cable connections are made to the
input/output modules at the rear of Broadmore chassis.
ATM interface connections is via fiber cable to the network
interface modules at the front of Broadmore chassis.
Access and cable strain-relief tie-down points are provided.
Chassis front and rear cover removal is required.
4-3
Chassis Installation and Grounding
Rack Mounting
Rack Mounting
Tools ... 4-4
Mounting Brackets ... 4-5
Rack Mounting Procedure ... 4-6
Tools
The following tools are recommended to install, configure, operate, and maintain
the Broadmore 1750:
#1 flathead screwdriver (for cover removal/installation)
¼-inch hex driver
Rack-mounting hardware with compatible tools
Other standard electronic installation tools as preferred
4-4
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Chassis Installation and Grounding
Mounting Brackets
Mounting Brackets
The Broadmore 1750 chassis 17.5" high and is shipped from the factory assembled for
front-mounting in a standard 19" EIA or relay rack.
WARNING! THE BROADMORE 1750 MOUNTING BRACKETS SHALL BE
CONNECTED TO THE CHASSIS USING ONLY THE SCREWS PROVIDED FOR
INITIAL BRACKET INSTALLATION. THE INSTALLER SHALL BE RESPONSIBLE FOR PROVIDING A STABLE RACK THAT SUPPORTS THE WEIGHT OF
THE BROADMORE 1750 AS INSTALLED.
The mounting brackets can be moved to accommodate 23" racks and other mounting
positions. To install the chassis in 23" racks, remove the mounting brackets, rotate them
90 degrees, and reattach them to the chassis.
If desired, alternate mounting holes are provided for moving the mounting brackets
forward or backward for other mounting configurations.
The six possible rack-mounting bracket configurations are shown below.
FRONT-MOUNT
MID-MOUNT
9.31
7.66
6.00
7.66
15.31
Mounting
Brackets
19
REAR
TOP
23
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
FRONT
4-5
Chassis Installation and Grounding
Rack Mounting Procedure
Rack Mounting Procedure
Rack-mounting the Broadmore 1750 chassis requires:
two technicians
clear access to front and rear of rack
user-provided rack mounting hardware (screws)
DANGER! EXERCISE NORMAL PRECAUTIONS FOR LIFTING HEAVY
OBJECTS. USE TWO PEOPLE TO LIFT THE BROADMORE 1750. WHEN
LIFTING, SUPPORT IT FROM THE BOTTOM AND TAKE CARE TO AVOID
SHARP EDGES OR CORNERS.
WARNING! THE FRONT AND REAR COVERS OF THE CHASSIS MUST
REMAIN ATTACHED TO PREVENT THE CHASSIS FROM BENDING DURING
THE RACK-MOUNTING PROCEDURE.
Perform the following steps:
1. Ensure that the front and rear chassis covers are firmly attached to provide
mechanical support and prevent accidental damage.
2. Carefully lift the Broadmore 1750 and position it in the desired rack location.
One technician should support the rear and the second should support the front.
3. Ensure that there is a 1.75 inch space above the chassis for adequate air flow.
4. Insert screws through the chassis and rack mounting holes. Every bracket hole
must have a screw securely installed to ensure proper weight distribution and
support.
4-6
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Chassis Installation and Grounding
Chassis Grounding
Chassis Grounding
The Broadmore 1750 chassis has a chassis ground stud on the rear panel for connecting
a ground wire to the equipment rack building ground.
WARNING! THE INSTALLER SHALL BE RESPONSIBLE FOR PROVIDING
A PROPER CHASSIS GROUND CONNECTION. CONNECT BUILDING GROUND
TO THE CHASSIS GROUND STUD. DO NOT USE THE SIGNAL GROUNDING
STUDS FOR THE BUILDING GROUND CONNECTION.
Rear
Cover
Chassis
Ground
Stud
C h a s s is
G ro u n d
-48 VDC
Power
Connections
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Ground
for ESD
Wrist Strap
Signal
Ground
Studs
4-7
Chassis Installation and Grounding
AC Power Supply Tray
Perform the following steps:
1. Attach the ground wire supplied with the Broadmore chassis to the 6-32
chassis grounding stud located on the right rear of the chassis below the rear
cover.
2. Attach the other end of the ground wire to the equipment rack building ground.
AC Power Supply Tray
The optional AC Power Supply Tray (7665-17PS) is a 3.5-inch high rack mounted unit
that converts voltage from 110/220 VAC (50-60 Hz) to –48 VDC. The unit comes with
one 240W AC Power Supply (7660-115), one AC power cord, and one 3.5 ft. DC cable
for connecting to the Broadmore’s –48 VDC power input. A second power supply with
cables can be used to provide redundant DC power to the Broadmore chassis.
Air Flow
Blank Panel
if only one Power Supply
Power Supply
4-8
Adjustable
Mounting Bracket
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Chassis Installation and Grounding
AC Power Supply Tray
Rack-mounting the AC Power Supply Tray requires:
clear access to front of rack
user-provided rack mounting hardware (screws)
NOTE:
No additional air space is needed above the AC Power Supply
Tray when it is mounted directly below the Broadmore 1750 fan tray, which
has a sloped bottom that does not interfere with air flow. Otherwise, provide
at least 1.75 inch (1 RU) of free air space above the AC Power Supply Tray
to ensure proper ventilation.
Perform the following steps:
1. Unpack and visually inspect the AC Power Supply Tray assembly.
2. For ease of rack installation, you can remove the power supply module(s) from
the tray to make it lighter.
3. Adjust the rack mounting brackets for desired for a 19 or 23 inch rack and for
front/rear mounting configuration. As shipped, the brackets will fit a 19” rack
with front-mount configuration. The brackets can be removed and rotated 90
degrees to fit a 23” rack.
4. Rack mount the tray directly below the Broadmore 1750 using facilityprovided mounting hardware.
5. Replace the power supply module(s) after rack-mounting the tray and tighten
the module’s front panel screws.
6. If the tray came with only one power supply module and a redundant power
supply is to be installed, remove the blank cover on the front of the tray, insert
the second power supply, and tighten the front panel screws.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
4-9
Chassis Installation and Grounding
AC Power Supply Tray
4-10
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
CHAPTER
5
Module and Fan Installation
In this Chapter
Precautions ... 5-2
Module Installation Procedures ... 5-3
Fan Tray Installation Procedure ... 5-14
Module and Fan Installation
Precautions
Precautions
The Broadmore 1750 chassis is normally shipped with modules and fan tray installed
at the factory. If they have been shipped separately, observe the following precautions
when unpacking, handling, and installing these assemblies.
WARNING! THE FRONT AND REAR COVERS OF THE CHASSIS SHOULD
ONLY BE REMOVED FOR MODULE INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE AS
REQUIRED. THE COVERS SHOULD BE REPLACED AS SOON AS POSSIBLE
AFTER SUCH TASKS ARE COMPLETED.
WARNING! THE BROADMORE CONTAINS CIRCUIT CARDS AND
COMPONENTS THAT ARE SUBJECT TO DAMAGE BY ELECTROSTATIC
DISCHARGE (ESD). DO NOT REMOVE A COMPONENT FROM ITS
PROTECTIVE PACKAGING UNTIL READY TO INSTALL IT. WEAR A WRIST
GROUNDING STRAP AND ATTACH IT TO AN ESD CONNECTOR OR A METAL
PART OF THE SYSTEM UNIT BEFORE HANDLING COMPONENTS. IF A WRIST
STRAP IS NOT AVAILABLE, MAINTAIN CONTACT WITH THE SYSTEM UNIT
THROUGHOUT ANY PROCEDURE REQUIRING ESD PROTECTION.
NOTE:
After installation is complete, ensure that blank panels cover all
empty module slots to provide proper cooling when the fan is turned on.
5-2
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Module and Fan Installation
Module Installation Procedures
Module Installation Procedures
Overview ... 5-4
Tools ... 5-5
Remove Chassis Covers ... 5-5
Module Locations ... 5-6
Installation Sequence ... 5-8
NIM Installation ... 5-9
SAM Installation ... 5-10
CPU Installation ... 5-10
APM Installation ... 5-10
NIM IOM Installation ... 5-11
SAM IOM Installation ... 5-11
CPU IOM Installation ... 5-12
APM IOM Installation ... 5-12
Replace Chassis Covers ... 5-13
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
5-3
Module and Fan Installation
Overview
Overview
The Broadmore 1750 chassis is normally shipped with modules installed at the factory.
If they have been shipped separately, perform the following procedures to configure
and install the modules.
NOTE:
Modules with jumpers are normally configured during installation
to meet user requirements. If the chassis is shipped with modules installed,
the modules may need to be removed, configured, and reinstalled.
The Broadmore 1750 system architecture is based upon a midplane design allowing
modules to be installed from the front and rear of the chassis, as shown below.
Chassis Cover*
Rear Cover
Midplane*
Input/
Output
Module
Network
Interface
Module
Fan
Tray
Front
Cover
5-4
Rack Mounting
Brackets
*Not User Removable
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Module and Fan Installation
Tools
Tools
The following tools are recommended to install, configure, operate, and maintain the
Broadmore 1750:
#1 flathead screwdriver (for cover removal/installation)
Dual jeweler’s flathead/Phillips screwdriver
ESD wrist strap
Other standard installation tools as desired.
Remove Chassis Covers
1. Loosen captive screws securing the front and rear covers and set the covers
aside.
2. Connect an ESD wrist strap to the front or rear ESD connector and follow
standard ESD procedures while handling unit components.
WARNING! USE ESD PRECAUTIONS: WEAR AN ESD GROUNDING
STRAP WHILE HANDLING ANY MODULES OR ACCESSING THE INSIDE OF
THE BROADMORE 1750. FAILURE TO FOLLOW ESD PROCEDURES MAY
DAMAGE SENSITIVE COMPONENTS AND VOID THE WARRANTY.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
5-5
Module and Fan Installation
Module Locations
Module Locations
Obtain the office records showing the module slot installation locations for this chassis.
The network design engineer will assign module slots to ensure proper system
operation. (For detailed system design and configuration information, see “System
Planning Factors” on page 2-6.)
The Broadmore 1750 chassis is designed for modules to go into specific slots to support
various user requirements and cell bus bandwidths. As a minimum requirement, the
module slot installations must conform to the guidelines on the following page.
The Broadmore 1750 is normally configured with redundant CPUs, redundant OC-12c
NIMs, and five Unstructured DS3 SAMs providing 1:4 protection, as shown in the
figure below. Other configurations are possible (contact factory for details).
The Broadmore 1750 system architecture is based upon a midplane design allowing
modules to be installed from the front and rear of the chassis. There are 17 vertical slots
as viewed from the front with the cover removed, as shown below. Input/Output
Module (IOM) slots on the rear panel are numbered in the reverse order, so that they
align with the module slots on the front panel. Each NIM, SAM, CPU, and APM
requires a matching IOM installed in the rear.
5-6
J
K
L
M
N
P
CPU CPU APM
Q
R
APM
H
CPU
G
CPU
F
PROTECTION SAM
E
CPU Slots
uDS3-3 or uE3-3 SAM
D
uDS3-3 or uE3-3 SAM
C
uDS3-3 or uE3-3 SAM
B
OC-12c NIM
OC-12c NIM
A
SAM Slots
uDS3-3 or uE3-3 SAM
NIM Slots
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Module and Fan Installation
Module Locations
CAUTION! WHEN USING REDUNDANT OPTICAL NIMS, BOTH NIMS
MUST BE IDENTICAL.
Module Type
Description
Available Slot(s)
CPU
CPU
Q
Redundant CPU
R
OC-12c/STM-4c
B
Redundant NIM (OC-12c)
A
Unstructured DS3
C, F, J, M
Unstructured E3
C, F, J, M
Protection Unstructured DS3/E3
P
Structured DS3 (up to 10 modules)
C-N
Protection Structured DS3
P
NIM
SAM
NOTE:
The Broadmore 1750 chassis will only support five Structured
DS3 modules with the standard 2-fan cooling tray. For applications needing
more than five Structured DS3 modules, a 3-fan cooling tray is required
(contact factory for details).
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
5-7
Module and Fan Installation
Installation Sequence
Installation Sequence
The Broadmore 1750 is shipped in a minimum usable configuration. Unused slots are
covered with blank panels except the slots for a single NIM, SAM, or CPU.
NOTE:
After installation is complete, ensure that blank panels cover all
empty module slots to provide proper cooling when the fan is turned on.
NIM, SAM, APM, and CPU cards are inserted from the front. IOM cards are inserted
from the rear. All cards align in card guides for ease of installation and removal. Each
card will have two retaining screws to hold it in place, one at the top and one at the
bottom. These screws must not be used for seating or unseating the cards. Each card
also has a set of ejectors, one on top and one at the bottom. These ejectors are used to
unseat the card from the midplane connector for card removal.
NOTE:
Modules with jumpers are normally configured before installing
the modules in the chassis. However, modules are hot-swappable and may
be removed at any time to verify or reconfigure the jumpers, then
reinstalled. The following procedures include instructions for setting the
jumpers.
Install modules in the following order:
NIM (1 or 2)
SAM (1 or more)
CPU (1 or 2)
NIM IOM (1 for each NIM)
SAM IOM (1 for each SAM)
Protection SAM IOM (1 in slot P)
CPU IOM (1 for each CPU)
NOTE:
5-8
The APM and APM IOM are factory installed at the factory.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Module and Fan Installation
NIM Installation
NIM Installation
1. If a Building Integrated Timing Supply (BITS) clock will be used, an
impedance matching adjustment may be required before installing an OC-12
NIMs. BITS impedance matching jumpers are located on the NIM component
side below the midplane connectors. They are labeled JMP1, JMP2, JMP3,
and JMP4. The following settings are available.
JMP3, JMP4 in (default)
JMP1, JMP2, JMP3, JMP4 in
All jumpers out
100 ohms
75 ohms
No termination
BITS input is provided to the RJ48C BITS connector on the corresponding
NIM IOM (see “BITS Interface Connections” on page 6-7).
NOTE:
OC-12 NIMs go in slots A and B. (Both optical NIMs must be
identical.) The NIM in slot B is the Working unit and the NIM in slot A is the
Protection unit.
2. Place the Working NIM in slot B from the front so that it slides smoothly in the
top and bottom card guides and the card connector aligns with the midplane
connector.
3. Firmly press the NIM into the chassis until the connectors seat against each
other completely. Use pressure simultaneously at the top and bottom of the
NIM to ensure a proper fit to the midplane.
4. Secure the screws on the top and bottom of the module, being careful not to
over-tighten.
5. For redundant NIMs, repeat this process to install the Protection NIM in slot A.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
5-9
Module and Fan Installation
SAM Installation
SAM Installation
1. Unstructured DS3-3 and E3-3 SAMs are installed in slots C, F, J, and M.
Structured DS3 SAMs are installed in slots C thru N. The protection SAM is
installed in slot P. All SAMs must be of the same type.
2. Place a SAM in the desired slot. so that it slides smoothly in the top and bottom
card guides and the card connector aligns with the midplane connector.
3. Firmly press the SAM into the chassis until the connectors seat against each
other completely. Use pressure simultaneously at the top and bottom of the
SAM to ensure a proper fit to the midplane.
4. Secure the screws on the top and bottom of the module, being careful not to
over-tighten.
5. Repeat this process to install the other SAMs as desired.
CPU Installation
1. Place the CPU card in slot Q from the front of the chassis so that it slides
smoothly in the top and bottom card guides and the card connector aligns with
the midplane connector.
2. Firmly press the CPU card into the chassis until the connectors seat against
each other completely. Use pressure simultaneously at the top and bottom of
the CPU to ensure a proper fit to the midplane.
3. Secure the screws on the top and bottom of the card, being careful not to overtighten.
4. In a similar fashion, install the second CPU in slot R
APM Installation
The APM is shipped factory installed in the right-most slot, labeled APM, which
is to the right of slot S.
5-10
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Module and Fan Installation
NIM IOM Installation
NIM IOM Installation
1. From the chassis rear, place the NIM IOM in slot B so that it slides easily in
the top and bottom card guides with the connector aligned to the midplane
connector.
2. Visually verify that the NIM IOM physically aligns with the NIM installed
above.
3. Firmly press the NIM IOM into the chassis until the connectors completely
seat.
4. Secure the retaining screws on the top and bottom of the module, being careful
not to over-tighten.
5. Repeat this process for the NIM IOM in slot A.
SAM IOM Installation
1. From the chassis rear, place each SAM IOM so that it slides easily in the top
and bottom card guides with the connector aligned to the midplane connector
for the slot matching the corresponding SAM.
2. Visually verify that the SAM IOM physically aligns with the SAM installed
above.
3. Firmly press the SAM IOM into the chassis until the connectors completely
seat.
4. Secure the retaining screws on the top and bottom of the module, being careful
not to over-tighten.
5. Repeat this process for each slot with a corresponding SAM installed.
Protection SAM IOM Installation
1. From the chassis rear, place the Protection SAM IOM so that it slides easily in
the top and bottom card guides with the connector aligned to the midplane
connector for the slot matching the corresponding SAM in slot P.
2. Visually verify that the Protection SAM IOM physically aligns with the SAM
installed above.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
5-11
Module and Fan Installation
CPU IOM Installation
3. Firmly press the Protection SAM IOM into the chassis until the connectors
completely seat.
4. Secure the retaining screws on the top and bottom of the module, being careful
not to over-tighten.
CPU IOM Installation
1. Before installing the CPU IOM, an adjustment may be needed to configure the
remote shutdown operation. There are two jumpers on each CPU IOM module
labeled JMP1 and JMP2. These jumpers control how the remote shutdown
contacts work. As installed at the factory, jumpers JMP1 and JMP2 connect
pins 1-2 to pins 3-4 so that shorting either pair will reboot both CPUs. With
both jumpers removed, shorting pins 1-2 will reboot the other-slot CPU;
shorting pins 3-4 will reboot the same-slot CPU. For a redundant unit with two
CPUs, it is recommended that both jumpers be removed so that the CPUs can
be rebooted individually without disrupting system operation.
2. Visually verify that each CPU IOM physically aligns with its respective CPU
installed above, slots Q and R respectfully.
3. Firmly press each CPU IOM into the chassis until the connectors completely
seat.
4. Secure the retaining screws on the top and bottom of each module, being
careful not to over-tighten
APM IOM Installation
The APM IOM is installed at the factory. This power module has fuses for each
power source, as well as fuse holders for two spares.
5-12
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Module and Fan Installation
Replace Chassis Covers
Replace Chassis Covers
WARNING! THE FRONT AND REAR COVERS OF THE CHASSIS SHOULD
ONLY BE REMOVED FOR MODULE INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE AS
REQUIRED. THE COVERS SHOULD BE REPLACED AS SOON AS POSSIBLE
AFTER SUCH TASKS ARE COMPLETED.
NOTE:
After installation is complete, ensure that blank panels cover all
empty module slots to provide proper cooling when the fan is turned on.
This completes module installation. Replace the front and rear covers unless
additional installation or maintenance procedures are to be performed at this time.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
5-13
Module and Fan Installation
Fan Tray Installation Procedure
Fan Tray Installation Procedure
Tools ... 5-15
Remove Front Chassis Cover ... 5-15
Fan Tray Installation ... 5-15
Replace Chassis Cover ... 5-16
The fan tray is normally shipped installed in the front of the chassis below the modules,
as shown below. If it is not installed, follow the procedure below to install it.
Chassis Cover*
Rear Cover
Midplane*
Input/
Output
Module
Network
Interface
Module
Fan
Tray
Front
Cover
5-14
Rack Mounting
Brackets
*Not User Removable
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Module and Fan Installation
Tools
Tools
The following tools are recommended to install, configure, operate, and maintain the
Broadmore 1750:
#1 flathead screwdriver (for cover and fan tray removal/installation)
Dual jeweler’s flathead/Phillips screwdriver
ESD wrist strap
Other standard installation tools as desired.
Remove Front Chassis Cover
Only the front cover must be removed to install the fan tray.
1. Loosen captive screws securing the front cover and set the cover aside.
2. Connect an ESD wrist strap to the front or rear ESD connector and follow
standard ESD procedures while handling unit components.
WARNING! USE ESD PRECAUTIONS: WEAR AN ESD GROUNDING
STRAP WHILE HANDLING ANY MODULES OR ACCESSING THE INSIDE OF
THE BROADMORE 1750. FAILURE TO FOLLOW ESD PROCEDURES MAY
DAMAGE SENSITIVE COMPONENTS AND VOID THE WARRANTY.
Fan Tray Installation
1. The fan tray installs from the front, directly below the modules. Fan tray guides
are provided on each side of the chassis. Slide the fan tray into the guides and
firmly push it into place so that connectors totally seat with the midplane.
2. Tighten the two front panel retaining screws using a flathead screw driver.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
5-15
Module and Fan Installation
Replace Chassis Cover
Replace Chassis Cover
WARNING! THE FRONT AND REAR COVERS OF THE CHASSIS SHOULD
ONLY BE REMOVED FOR MODULE INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE AS
REQUIRED. THE COVERS SHOULD BE REPLACED AS SOON AS POSSIBLE
AFTER SUCH TASKS ARE COMPLETED.
This completes fan tray installation. Replace the front and rear covers unless
additional installation or maintenance procedures are to be performed at this time.
5-16
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
CHAPTER
6
Electrical Installation
In this Chapter
Precautions ... 6-2
Electrical Requirements ... 6-3
Cabling and Compliance Requirements ... 6-4
Alarm Port Connections ... 6-5
Optical Interface Connections ... 6-6
BITS Interface Connections ... 6-7
NIM/SAM IOM Connections ... 6-8
CPU IOM Connections ... 6-11
Power Supply Connections ... 6-12
Software ... 6-15
Electrical Installation
Precautions
Precautions
WARNING! THE BROADMORE 1750 IS INTENDED FOR INDOOR
INSTALLATION ONLY. A PROPER CHASSIS GROUND CONNECTION IS
REQUIRED. ITS ELECTRICAL COMMUNICATIONS INTERFACES SHALL NOT
BE CONNECTED TO WIRING SYSTEMS THAT LEAVE THE BUILDING UNLESS
APPROPRIATE INTERFACE DEVICES ARE USED. THE INSTALLER SHALL BE
RESPONSIBLE FOR PROVIDING ADEQUATE LIGHTNING OR SURGE
PROTECTION FOR WIRING THAT LEAVES THE BUILDING. THE INSTALLER
SHALL BE RESPONSIBLE FOR PROVIDING APPROVED INTERFACE DEVICES
IF CONNECTIONS ARE MADE TO PUBLIC COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS.
WARNING! THE FRONT AND REAR COVERS OF THE CHASSIS SHOULD
ONLY BE REMOVED FOR MODULE INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE AS
REQUIRED. THE COVERS SHOULD BE REPLACED AS SOON AS POSSIBLE
AFTER SUCH TASKS ARE COMPLETED.
WARNING! THE BROADMORE CONTAINS CIRCUIT CARDS AND
COMPONENTS THAT ARE SUBJECT TO DAMAGE BY ELECTROSTATIC
DISCHARGE (ESD). WEAR A WRIST GROUNDING STRAP AND ATTACH IT
TO AN ESD CONNECTOR OR A METAL PART OF THE SYSTEM UNIT BEFORE
HANDLING COMPONENTS. IF A WRIST STRAP IS NOT AVAILABLE, MAINTAIN
CONTACT WITH THE SYSTEM UNIT THROUGHOUT ANY PROCEDURE
REQUIRING ESD PROTECTION.
NOTE:
After installation is complete, ensure that blank panels cover all
empty module slots to provide proper cooling when the fan is turned on.
6-2
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Electrical Installation
Electrical Requirements
Electrical Requirements
Tools ... 6-3
Power ... 6-3
Cable Management ... 6-3
Tools
The following tools are recommended to install, configure, operate, and maintain the
Broadmore 1750:
#1 flathead screwdriver (for cover removal/installation)
¼-inch hex driver
Dual jeweler’s flathead/Phillips screwdriver
PC with VT100 Emulation software program
DC Volt-Ohm Meter (VOM)
ESD wrist strap
Other standard electronic installation tools as preferred
Power
DC power connections are made at the rear of the Broadmore chassis. The primary DC
power source is –48 volts at 5 amperes and is connected to the “A” inputs. For
redundancy, a second –48 VDC source may be connected to the “B” inputs.
For AC power applications, the optional dual AC redundant power supply tray is
usually mounted below the Broadmore and requires 110/240 VAC, 50/60 Hz. AC
power is connected at the rear of the power supply tray, and the two –48 VDC outputs
are then wired to the DC power inputs on the Broadmore chassis.
Cable Management
Overall cable lengths can be optimized through equipment location. Access and cable
strain-relief tie-down points are provided.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
6-3
Electrical Installation
Cabling and Compliance Requirements
Cabling and Compliance Requirements
For FCC Part 15 Class A compliance for EMI/RFI suppression, the Broadmore 1750
requires that a ferrite bead (P/N 010-0051) must be attached to each DC power cable,
Ethernet cable, and alarm cable. FCC compliance also requires that an EMI cable be
attached between the chassis and air deflector. Accessory kits are included with the
Broadmore chassis. Use the following guidelines for FCC compliance.
DC power, one or two cables. Attach one ferrite bead to each cable, using a single
wrap so that the cable passes through the bead twice (see figure below left).
Ethernet, one or two cables. Attach one ferrite bead to each cable, using a single
wrap so that the cable passes through the bead twice.
Alarm cable. Attach one ferrite bead to the cable, using a single wrap so that the
cable passes through the bead twice.
EMI cable. The EMI cable must be attached vertically across the bottom rear
opening (see figure below right). Remove the existing screw at the top center of
the air deflector at the rear of the unit. Discard the existing flat washer. Using the
existing screw, attach the ring terminal of the EMI cable to the air deflector.
Attach the ground clip to the other end of the EMI cable. Attach the ground clip
with the EMI cable to the top center of the rear cable tray support channel.
Air Deflector
EMI Cable
Ferrite Bead
6-4
Cable Tray
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Electrical Installation
Alarm Port Connections
Alarm Port Connections
Alarms are sent to the control console and the system log. LEDs display alarm
conditions. Additionally, the Broadmore 1750 has an alarm port on the chassis rear for
connection to the user’s remote indicators. The alarm port is a four-wire terminal block
providing form “C” relay contact closure signals. Two wires are labeled “Major” (in
and out) and two are labeled “Minor” (in and out) as shown below. The alarm connector
on the lower back of the chassis is shown below. The connector is a compression type
in which the wire is inserted in the lower opening and the compression screw above is
tightened to secure the wire. A small flathead screwdriver is required to secure the
wires.
1. Run the alarm cables to the connection point on the chassis rear as shown
above.
2. Insert the cable wires and tighten the compression screws to secure the wires.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
6-5
Electrical Installation
Optical Interface Connections
Optical Interface Connections
The Broadmore 1750 interfaces to an ATM network via fiber optic cable
using SC connectors on the front panel of the OC-12c NIMs.
1. Route the cable to the front of the chassis.
2. Route the cable into the chassis via the small square opening on the
lower-right, front cover of the chassis.
3. Connect the cables to the labeled TX and RX connectors on the
front of the NIM. (See example at right.)
4. Use the plastic cable guides and cable protector shipped with the
Broadmore 1750 to secure the cable.
FAULT
ON-LINE
LOS
WARNING! UNTERMINATED OPTICAL CONNECTIONS MAY
EMIT LASER RADIATION.
INSTRUMENT.
DO NOT VIEW BEAM WITH OPTICAL
TX
RX
OC 12
7 6 6 0 -1 1 4
6-6
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Electrical Installation
BITS Interface Connections
BITS Interface Connections
NIM IOMs include a Building Integrated Timing Supply (BITS) input
connector for network timing. If required, the BITS impedance jumpers on
the OC-12 NIMs are normally adjusted during “NIM Installation” on
page 5-9.)
1. Use cable rated for Category 3 (CAT3) or better.
2. Route the cable to the lower-left, rear of the chassis.
3. Connect the cable to the RJ48C BITS connector on the rear of the
chassis. (See example at right.)
4. Use the plastic cable guides and cable protector shipped with the
Broadmore 1750 to secure the cable.
BITS Input Jack
(Front View)
RJ48C Plug
(Pin Side)
Pins
21
NIM
IN
OUT
Pin 1
BITS
Tip Ring
Receive
Twisted Pair
IOM
NIM
7 6 6 0 -4 0 6
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
6-7
Electrical Installation
NIM/SAM IOM Connections
NIM/SAM IOM Connections
General Instructions ... 6-8
Unstructured DS3-3/E3-3 IOM Connections ... 6-9
Structured DS3 IOM Connections ... 6-10
General Instructions
Network equipment (excluding fiber optic) and user equipment connect to the
Broadmore 1750 via cables routed to connectors on the back of each IOM. The physical
interface varies by type of IOM (see “Module Descriptions” on page 1-12). Adapter
cables are available for most serial interface SAMs (see “Cable Specifications” on
page E-1).
1. Route the equipment cables to the chassis rear.
2. Install the plastic edge protector around both rear access square openings. Note
the chassis internal cable tray. Two bars are provided as anchor points for cable
ties. This will serve as cable strain relief.
3. Route the cables into the chassis via the square openings on either side of the
rear cable tray.
4. Connect the cables to the IOM connectors as labeled for each port and dress
out the cables. Use the tray and bars to secure the cable.
NOTE:
After completing the hardware installation, visually inspect all
modules and connectors. Replace the front and rear covers, if not already
in place.
6-8
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Electrical Installation
Unstructured DS3-3/E3-3 IOM Connections
Unstructured DS3-3/E3-3 IOM Connections
Each Unstructured DS3 IOM provides three pairs of BNC coaxial
connectors (labeled 1 to 3) for RG-59, 75 ohm cable.
1. Connect receiver RX inputs to the IN ports.
2. Connect transmitter TX outputs to the OUT ports.
IN
OUT
1
IN
2
OUT
IN
OUT
3
IOM
DS3
7 6 6 0 -4 0 9
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
6-9
Electrical Installation
Structured DS3 IOM Connections
Structured DS3 IOM Connections
Each Structured DS3 IOM provides one pair of BNC coaxial connectors
for RG-59, 75 ohm cable.
1. Connect receiver RX input to the IN port.
2. Connect transmitter TX output to the OUT port.
IN
OUT
1
IOM
DS3
STRUCT
7 6 6 0 -4 1 6
6-10
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Electrical Installation
CPU IOM Connections
CPU IOM Connections
Remote Shutdown Connections
The CPU Remote Shutdown feature allows a connection to be made across
one of the contact pairs to remotely close the contacts, which forces a reset
of the CPU in the event that the CPU cannot be reset through software.
R E M O T E
S H U T D O W N
1
2
3
4
The behavior of these terminals are set by jumpers on the card (see “CPU
IOM Installation” on page 5-12).
To use this feature, connect a cable to terminals 1-2 and/or 3-4 on the CPU
IOM. (See example at right.) The spring terminal block accepts 26 to 18
AWG wire.
S E R IA L
P O R T
Serial Port Connections
This is a standard DB9 RS-232 DTE serial management port that can be
connected to a serial terminal or PC running a terminal emulation program.
Access to this port is determined by the security settings.
Ethernet Connections
This is a standard ethernet DTE management port that can be connected to
an IP network. Access to this port is determined by the security settings.
E T H E R N E T
IO M
C P U -2
7 6 6 0 -4 1 1
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
6-11
Electrical Installation
Power Supply Connections
Power Supply Connections
Optional AC Power Supply Connections ... 6-12
Broadmore Power Input Connector ... 6-14
Connecting –48 VDC Power ... 6-14
WARNING! THE INSTALLER SHALL ENSURE THAT ALL POWER
CONNECTIONS TO THE BROADMORE 1750 HAVE AN APPROVED SERVICE
DISRUPTION FEATURE EXTERNAL TO THE BROADMORE 1750 FOR
EMERGENCY USE. THIS MAY BE A FUSE, CIRCUIT BREAKER, CORRECTLY
LABELED SWITCH, OR OTHER APPROPRIATE DEVICE.
Optional AC Power Supply Connections
The optional redundant AC Power Supply Tray mounts in the rack directly below
the Broadmore 1750 chassis (see “AC Power Supply Tray” on page 4-8). Each
40W power supply module in the tray converts voltage from 110/220 VAC (50-60
Hz) to –48 VDC. Each DC cable has pigtail wires for connecting –48 VDC power
to the Broadmore chassis.
1. Locate the AC power cord provided with each power supply module and
connect one end to the AC connector on the rear of each module.
2. Ensure the power switch on the front of each module is turned OFF and that
the AC power indicator (LED) does not light.
3. Connect each AC power cord to a facility 110 VAC power receptacle. Cords
may be connected to different AC sources for additional redundancy if desired.
4. Turn each power switch to the ON position. The green AC power indicator
(LED) should illuminate beside each switch to indicate normal operation.
5. Turn each module power switch to the OFF position and verify that the power
indicator is off.
6. Locate the DC power cord provided with each power supply module and
connect the plug to the DC connector on the rear of each module.
6-12
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Electrical Installation
Optional AC Power Supply Connections
Blank Panel
if only one supply
AC Power Switches
AC Connector
DC Connector
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
AC Power Indicator
DC Connector
AC Connector
6-13
Electrical Installation
Broadmore Power Input Connector
Broadmore Power Input Connector
Power is provided as –48 VDC to the connection points in the rear of the chassis.
Voltage may be provided directly from the user’s power source. Optionally, the
Broadmore 1750 comes with a redundant AC power supply. The power connector on
the lower back of the chassis is shown below. The connector is a compression type in
which the wire is inserted in the lower opening and the compression screw above is
tightened to secure the wire. A small flathead screwdriver is required to secure the
wires.
POWER
- 48VDC B
RETURN
RETURN
- 48VDCA
Connecting –48 VDC Power
1. Identify the power cables and secure their power.
2. Use a Volt-Ohm Meter (VOM) to verify the voltage and polarity of the cable
wires.
3. Turn off power to the cables and use a VOM to verify there is no voltage
present.
4. Run the power cables to the connection point on the chassis rear as shown
above. Note there are two power rail inputs, A and B, as labeled.
5. Insert the cable wires and tighten the compression screws to secure the wires.
6. Restore power to the cables. Use the VOM to verify voltage is present at the
chassis connection points.
7. Turn off power to the cables until ready for the power-up sequence.
6-14
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Electrical Installation
Software
Software
The Broadmore 1750 is delivered with operating software pre-installed. The FIPS
140-2 validated Broadmore/SSHield Management software is installed on each CPU’s
disk-on-chip memory. DSP software code also exists on each NIM and SAM and is
unique for each type of module.
Two programs may be used to communicate with the CPU operating system. These are
the Communication Access Multiplexer Management Interface (CAMMI) and
Command Line Interface (CLI). This manual is based upon CAMMI. For information
on the CLI, see Command Line Interface on page 9-1.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
6-15
Electrical Installation
Software
6-16
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
CHAPTER
7
Configuration
In this Chapter:
Overview ... 7-2
Power Supply Redundancy ... 7-24
Module Redundancy ... 7-25
Module Configuration ... 7-37
PVC Connection ... 7-63
SVC Connection ... 7-65
VP Reservation ... 7-67
System Configuration ... 7-70
Help ... 7-73
Configuration
Overview
Overview
Power-up ... 7-3
User Interface Requirements ... 7-4
Screen Display Annotation ... 7-5
Key Map ... 7-6
CAMMI Access ... 7-7
System Services Configuration ... 7-8
CAM Name ... 7-8
Ethernet IP Configuration ... 7-9
ATM Address ... 7-11
ATM Address List (optional) ... 7-11
Connection Retry ... 7-13
Retry Cause Codes ... 7-13
CIP over ATM (RFC 1577) ... 7-14
Static Routes ... 7-16
LANE Configuration ... 7-17
UNI Version ... 7-19
General Properties ... 7-20
User Security Configuration ... 7-23
CAUTION! FOR SECURE OPERATION, A SUPERUSER (CRYPTO
OFFICER) SHOULD PERFORM THE INITIAL CONFIGURATION AND CREATE
USER ACCOUNTS, AS DESCRIBED IN CHAPTERS 10 AND 11.
The Broadmore 1750 must be correctly configured, using CAMMI, before ATM
network communications can be established. This section provides background
information, equipment requirements, and other prerequisites for accomplishing the
actual system configuration.
Configuration information is retained in three subdirectories collectively referred to as
the configuration database. Access to this database is to set variables to acceptable
values for successful operation. The three subdirectories are:
7-2
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
Power-up
CAM\CONFIG\CURRENT – contains the complete set of startup configuration
data for all modules. This data is saved when Save Config. For PowerUp is
selected from the user interface.
CAM\CONFIG\DEFAULTS – contains the defaults to be used for new cards and
ports. Default values for new modules are automatically loaded if a startup
configuration for that module does not exist.
CAM\CONFIG\user-name – contains a snapshot of the system and module
configuration data as of the time the SAVE CONFIGURATION command was
issued. Data is stored in a subdirectory with user-supplied user name.
Power-up
1. Power-up the chassis. The Broadmore 1750 is designed for continuous service.
There is no on/off power switch since the system is designed to remain on at
all times. Simply apply power.
2. Observe the LED indicators to ensure that the system is operating properly. See
“Summary of Front Panel LEDs” on page 8-44.
Power-on diagnostics take approximately 30 seconds, after which the LEDs
indicate the operational condition. Refer to Chapter 5, Maintenance and
Troubleshooting if any problems arise. The rest of this chapter assumes normal
operation
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
7-3
Configuration
User Interface Requirements
User Interface Requirements
Communicate with the CPU to complete configuration actions in one of several ways.
An RS-232 serial connection is provided on the front of the CPU card (via the CPU
IOM card will be a future release). This serial connection requires a VT100 compatible
emulating software package running on the PC.
NOTE:
We do not recommend using Microsoft Hyperterm due to
unsatisfactory terminal emulation.
Remote execution can be accomplished via a Telnet client application configured as a
VT100 terminal. An SNMP connection can be established via Ethernet to the CPU
IOM, via CIP (RFC 1577), or via LANE.
NOTE:
In a Broadmore system with redundant CPUs, the primary IP
address is used to log into the online CPU and the secondary IP address is
used to log into the standby CPU.
CAMMI is used throughout this manual. The CLI (Chapter 9) supports the same
command set as CAMMI, however the CLI is a pure text interface.
Reset the terminal preference font if the borders are not solid lines. Depending on the
terminal emulation application, ANSI BBS may also be more satisfactory.
7-4
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
Screen Display Annotation
Screen Display Annotation
The symbol ↵ (Enter key) will be used throughout this manual to indicate selection.
Typically the selection is from a list of choices on a drop-down menu. Often, there is a
sequence of multiple drop-down menus where the selection process will be displayed
as a series of ↵ symbols. For example, the CAMMI main menu is shown below.
Highlight System Management and press Enter to display the first submenu.
Highlight Configure on the drop-down menu and press Enter to display the second
drop-down menu. Highlight System Services on this menu and again press Enter
to display the third drop-down menu. This type of sequence will be annotated as
follows throughout this manual:
Select System Management
Select Configure ↵
Select System Services ↵
↵
This example sequence displays the screen on the next page. Each item in the final
window is followed by a “8” to indicate that an additional entry screen follows.
Choose the second item, Ethernet IP, to display a screen for entering six lines of IP
address information (not shown).
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
7-5
Configuration
Key Map
This method of annotating screen displays will make the text and logic easier to follow
and less prone to error. Specific steps will be clear and easy to follow, leading to more
efficient system operation.
Key Map
The following key map correlation is provided to assist in navigating through the
various menus. This may be required since some terminal emulation packages do not
recognize the full keyboard character set.
Up
Down
Page Up
Page Down
Home
End
Insert
Delete
Help (cli only)
7-6
[
]
{
}
(
)
:
@
?
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
CAMMI Access
CAMMI Access
To access the CAMMI main menu, log into the system with a valid user identification
(SYSADMIN) and password (INITIAL). This default user ID/password is delivered
with the system with supervisor access as explained in “General Properties” on
page 7-20. User ID and password are case-sensitive when entered.
At this point, you may change the terminal interface baud rate. The default is 9600 baud
and the system reverts to this at every reboot. The command to change the rate is
setbaud <rate> where a valid <rate> is 300, 600, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200,38400,
57600, or 115200.
NOTE:
The baud rate default is 9600. The terminal will return to 9600
baud on each system boot or reboot. Operation above 19200 is not
recommended.
Upon successful entry, you are asked to change the terminal baud rate to match the new
setting. The system will then change its baud rate. You will not be able to communicate
with the system until your terminal baud rate is changed to match.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
7-7
Configuration
System Services Configuration
System Services Configuration
Configure System Services to communicate with the ATM switch and set up
parameters for Broadmore 1750 control. The data entry screens are accessed as shown.
Select System Management ↵
Select Configuration ↵
Select System Services ↵
Configure each item as explained below
CAM Name
Each Broadmore 1750 can be named locally. A short (10-character) name and a long
(64-character) name are available. These two names are independent as chosen by the
operator. The long name appears at the top of CAMMI screens to provide on-screen
identification. The short name appears as a shell prompt. The default long name is a
null field and the default short name is Broadmore>.
From CAMMI, follow the sequence below to enter names.
Select System Management ↵
Select Configure ↵
Select System Services ↵
Select CAM Name ↵
Enter the desired long and short names ↵
7-8
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
Ethernet IP Configuration
Ethernet IP Configuration
Select Ethernet IP and the screen below appears. On initial boot-up, enter the IP
address, which will not go into effect until the system is rebooted. Use the reset toggle
switch on the front of the CPU to reboot the system.
Follow the pull-down menu selections to enter the Broadmore 1750’s IP address. This
address is then used for Telnet access to the CAMMI program.
NOTE:
In a Broadmore system with redundant CPUs, the primary IP
address is used to log into the online CPU and the secondary IP address is
used to log into the standby CPU.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
7-9
Configuration
Ethernet IP Configuration
NOTE:
Changes to the following settings only take effect upon system
reboot:
IP Configuration
CIP Configuration
LANE Configuration
Redundancy (APS) Configuration
UNI Version Configuration
Cause Code changes
ATM Address Changes
On initial setup, configure all of these items before doing a system reboot.
Subnet is the mask for the network. Subnet and Gateway are assigned by your facility’s
network administrator. Reboot the Broadmore 1750 to have this IP address take effect.
The entire Broadmore 1750 will reboot with the new IP address. Log into the system
with a valid user ID and password (ID SYSADMIN, password INITIAL).
1. Enter the IP, subnet, and gateway addresses (obtained from the network
administrator). These settings take effect when the Broadmore 1750 is
rebooted.
2. Follow the sequence below to reboot on a single CPU system.
Select Maintenance/Diags.
Select Reboot System ↵
↵
3. Log into the system, and return to the system services configuration screen to
continue the process.
7-10
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
ATM Address
ATM Address
Follow the sequence below and choose Change on the user-defined ATM address
screen.
CAUTION! AN ADDRESS CHANGE WILL CAUSE SERVICE DISRUPTION.
Select System Management ↵
Select Configuration ↵
Select System Services ↵
Select This ATM Address ↵
A screen displays to enter the ATM address.
The Media Access Control (MAC) address is the initial default ATM address. Save the
new ATM address after entry to update ATM access information. This newly saved
address will not take effect until the system is rebooted. With signaling turned off, the
ATM address will be displayed as all zeroes.
For dual CPU systems, define the ATM address to keep the same address during a CPU
switchover. Otherwise, an address change will cause service disruption.
ATM Address List (optional)
The following steps are optional for SVC services and are not used for PVCs. The ATM
address list provides a convenient way to store frequently called SVC addresses,
instead of having to enter each address manually when needed. To use this optional
feature, follow the sequence below to display user-defined ATM addresses.
Select System Management ↵
Select Configuration ↵
Select System Services ↵
Select ATM Address List ↵
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
7-11
Configuration
ATM Address List (optional)
This displays the Known ATM Addresses.
Follow the sequence below to Edit, Copy, Delete, or add a New user to the ATM list.
Select System Management ↵
Select Configuration ↵
Select System Services ↵
Select ATM Address List ↵ ↵
Select one of the following:
* Edit ↵, edit the description and/or ATM address
* Copy ↵, (to put a copy of the ATM address into the list)
* Delete ↵
* New ↵, enter the description and/or ATM address
With each selection, confirm your changes and press Esc to exit.
7-12
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
Connection Retry
Connection Retry
Applicable to SVCs only, the retry throttle value is the number of SVC call setups/
teardowns that the Broadmore 1750 works on at one time. An initial throttle value of
80 and interval of 30 seconds are recommended. These values can then be adjusted to
meet local requirements.
Retry Cause Codes
Applicable to SVCs only, each item in this list can be set to yes or no, based upon local
requirements. These codes are set as factory defaults to the most common values.
Changing them will overwrite the defaults. Only the “yes” values are retried.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
7-13
Configuration
CIP over ATM (RFC 1577)
CIP over ATM (RFC 1577)
RFC 1577 support is also known as Classical IP (CIP) over ATM. CIP is provided as a
path for controlling multiple Broadmore 1750s when IP connectivity over Ethernet is
not available to all of the installed Broadmore 1750s. Control signals are sent to a
Broadmore 1750 over the ATM if the Broadmore 1750 is not on the Ethernet with the
control station. As a prerequisite, the configuration process must be completed.
Configuration forms the Broadmore 1750s into a subnetwork, with either an ATM
switch or workstation designated the server and others designated as clients. The server
maintains a Logical IP Subnetwork (LIS), which cross-references logical IP addresses
to ATM addresses. When the control station sends IP traffic (e.g., control signals) via
the subnetwork IP address to a Broadmore 1750, the server uses LIS data to tell the
sender an equivalent ATM address to use in place of the IP address. The IP datagrams
are then sent over the ATM network to the desired Broadmore 1750, which takes
appropriate action and responds. The control station has full communications with the
Broadmore 1750 over ATM/Ethernet. Control is identical to control over Ethernet, and
the ATM control path is essentially transparent to the user.
Select System Management
Select Configuration ↵
Select System Services ↵
Select CIP over ATM ↵
↵
Follow the path shown to reach the CIP over ATM configuration items. These items
are listed in the following table.
7-14
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
CIP over ATM (RFC 1577)
Item
Description
ATM IP Address
Enter the IP address within the subnet. Set to all
zeros to disable CIP.
ATM Subnet Mask
The mask is the same for all Broadmore 1750s
on the network.
Server Address
The address of the server containing the LIS.
This may be a workstation on the ATM network
or ATM switch. Set to zero if you want to use
AAL5 PVCs for CIP instead of SVCs.
Peak Cell Rate
This controls the bandwidth allocation to RFC
1577 support.
Enable RIP
Normally disabled. Only set to Yes for router
operation as the CIP subnet server.
This configures the Broadmore 1750. Some Broadmore 1750s may need routing table
additions to recognize and respond to the control station via the ATM subnetwork.
These Broadmore 1750s will be configured individually, based upon network
topology. Each unit may or may not have an Ethernet connection.
In the case of no Ethernet connection, the unit routes Ethernet traffic to the ATM by
default. The Ethernet gateway setting is a null field. Follow the sequence on the next
page to verify that no gateway is defined. Do this for each applicable Broadmore 1750
without an Ethernet connection.
Select System Management ↵
Select Configuration ↵
Select System Services ↵
Select Configure IP ↵
Select Gateway 0.0.0.0 (correct if necessary)
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
7-15
Configuration
Static Routes
Static Routes
Each Broadmore 1750 has an additional Ethernet route to support RFC 1577 unless it
is on the same Ethernet network as the master control station. Follow the steps below
to add this routing. For sample configuration with static routes, see “Sample Network
with RFC 1577 Configuration” on page D-1.
1. Connect to the Broadmore 1750 via the serial port and log-in using the default
user ID and password, SYSADMIN and INITIAL.
2. This will give you the prompt: Broadmore>
Enter route –a ↵ to display the current routing table.
3. Add a routing entry in the format
route add xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx yyy.yyy.yyy.yyy ↵
where xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx is the destination IP address (control station)
yyy.yyy.yyy.yyy is the ATM subnet IP address of the Broadmore 1750 on the
Ethernet segment serving as the control station.
4. Enter savert ↵ to save this entry. The new routing entry is immediately
active.
5. Enter route –a ↵ to observe that the route has been added to the table.
NOTE:
You may enter route delete xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx yyy.yyy.yyy.yyy
to remove the entry from the routing table.
6. Enter cammi ↵ to return to CAMMI.
Repeat this procedure for each Broadmore 1750.
7-16
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
LANE Configuration
LANE Configuration
The Broadmore 1750 supports LANE version 1 and 2 acting as LAN Emulation Client,
LEC. Follow the sequence below to display the LANE configuration screen shown. Six
fields appear for data entry.
Select System Management
Select Configure ↵
Select System Services ↵
Select LANE Configure ↵
↵
Explanations are provided for each in the table below.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
7-17
Configuration
LANE Configuration
Item
Description
LANE IP Address
This is the IP Address for the Broadmore 1750. To get onto the
ELAN, the address must be on a different logical subnet than the
OSC’s Ethernet IP Address. This address must be different than
the ATM CIP Address subnet.
Subnet Mask
This is the subnet mask to be used in conjunction with the
Broadmore 1750’s LANE IP Address.
LECS ATM
Address
This address is optional. This is the ATM Address of the LAN
Emulation Configuration Server, LECS. If the ATM Address of
the LAN Emulation Server, LES, is known and is entered below,
this LECS value may be left blank. If the LECS is needed and no
address is entered here, then the “well known” ATM Address (as
defined by ATM Forum’s LANE standard) will be used by default.
The “well known” default address is 4700 7900 0000 0000 0000
0000 0000 A03E 0000 0100.
LES ATM
Address
This field is optional. The ATM Address of the LAN Emulation
Server is entered here. If data is entered here, the ELAN name and
the LECS ATM address will not be needed and will not be used by
the system if they are entered below.
ELAN Name
This field is optional. If a name is entered, it will be sent to the
LECS to locate the LES for this ELAN. If the ELAN Name is not
specified, and no LES is specified, then, the default ELAN, as
entered in the LECS, will be used. The Broadmore 1750 is never
an LECS.
LANE Version
This value will be either 1 or 2. Use the LANE version supported
and active in the segment’s LECS and in the other LE clients.
Using LANE may require static routes in a manner similar to CIP. Refer to the Static
Routes section above and the example in Appendix D.
7-18
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
UNI Version
UNI Version
The signaling options are UNI 3.1, UNI 4.0, Auto, and Off. Follow the sequence below
and make the appropriate choice from the screen shown.
Select System Management
Select Configuration ↵
Select System Services ↵
Select UNI Version ↵
↵
NOTE:
You must select the UNI Version before configuring any SVCs.
If there are active SVCs, the UNI Version will not appear in the menu until
you release all the SVCs. This is done to prevent interrupting service on
those circuits.
The UNI Version selection screen appears as shown below with the current selection
highlighted.
CAUTION! UNI VERSION SHOULD BE OFF WHENEVER THE NIMS
ARE NOT CONNECTED TO AN ATM SWITCH INTERFACE CONFIGURED FOR
UNI SUPPORT.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
7-19
Configuration
General Properties
General Properties
Max VP/VC ... 7-20
Bandwidth Meter ... 7-22
Max VP/VC
The Max VP/VC option allows you to set the maximum number of Virtual Paths
(VPs) and corresponding Virtual Channels (VCs). The maximum number of VCs
allowed per VP is based on the number of VPs set. Table 7-1 shows the Max VP/
VC settings and the valid values for VP and VC numbering.
Table 7-1: Settings for Max VP/VC and Valid Values for VP/VC Numbering
Max VP/VC
Setting
Maximum
Number of
VPs Allowed
Valid Values
for VP
Numbering
Maximum
Number of
VCs Allowed
Valid Values
for VC
Numbering*
2/65536
1
0 or 1**
65,535
1 - 65535
4/32768
4
0-3
32,767
1 - 32767
8/16384
8
0-7
16,383
1 - 16383
16/8192
16
0 - 15
8,191
1 - 8191
32/4096
(default)
32
0 - 31
4,095
1 - 4095
64/2048
64
0 - 63
2,047
1 - 2047
128/1024
128
0 - 127
1,023
1 - 1023
256/512
256
0 - 255
511
1 - 511
*VC numbering must start at 32 if the VP number is 0.
**For the ATM DS3, CBI, and HSSI-CBI modules, the VP number must be 0; 1 is invalid.
7-20
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
General Properties
To set Max VP/VC, follow the sequence below and make the appropriate choice
from the screen shown.
Select System Management ↵
Select Configuration ↵
Select System Services ↵
Select General Properties ↵
Select Max VP/VC ↵
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
7-21
Configuration
General Properties
Bandwidth Meter
The Bandwidth meter allows you to track the amount of bandwidth in use. Follow
the sequence below and make the appropriate choice from the screen shown.
Select System Management ↵
Select Configuration ↵
Select System Services ↵
Select General Properties ↵
Select Bandwidth Meter ↵
NOTE:
The Bandwidth meter uses the clock rate of the HSSI NIM as the
bus rate. If the HSSI NIM is set for received timing, the bandwidth meter
will not be using the correct bus rate because the clock is supplied by the
HSSI at the other end. Be sure to check how the HSSI's clock is set before
using the Bandwidth meter.
7-22
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
User Security Configuration
User Security Configuration
The Broadmore 1750 system has a user identification procedure for security. Each user
has a unique password. Users are divided into four privilege levels providing access to
selected command functions.
Browser – Limited to viewing current configurations, statistics, and logs.
Operator – Can perform all normal operations such as configuring modules,
establishing connections and removing connections.
Sys_Admin – Can perform all operator functions plus FTP, diagnostics and test
functions.
Super_User – Can perform all operator and maintenance technician functions plus
add/delete/modify user access. A Super_User can add, delete, or change user
access privileges (user ID, password, and level of access) from the Administration
main menu drop-down.
Select Administration ↵
Select Change User ID ↵
Each user can change his/her personal password from the Administration main
menu drop-down item Change Password (below). Follow the on-screen directions
and enter the new password twice. Change the password for user ID SYSADMIN
to something other than INITIAL.
Select Administration ↵
Select Change Password
↵
NOTE:
For more information about Security features and privilege
levels, see “Security Management” on page 10-1 and “Security Management
(FIPS Mode)” on page 11-1.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
7-23
Configuration
Power Supply Redundancy
Power Supply Redundancy
The Broadmore 1750 has two power input connectors for receiving –48 VDC. The user
may provide power to these connectors from different sources as one form of
redundancy. Carrier Access offers an optional dual AC power supply with 110 VAC,
and provides two sources of –48 VDC to the Broadmore 1750. This is power supply
contains two independent modules, each sufficient to operate the Broadmore 1750.
These modules are hot-swappable, and they may be connected to different sources for
an additional degree of redundancy. There is no impact to the Broadmore 1750 as long
as one (or both) of the modules is operating normally.
7-24
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
Module Redundancy
Module Redundancy
Protection Definitions ... 7-25
NIM Redundancy ... 7-26
SAM Redundancy ... 7-29
CPU Redundancy ... 7-33
Protection Definitions
Automatic protection switching (APS) is performed in accordance with specifications
except as noted. The following definitions are provided to clarify the terms used in
NIM redundancy.
Item
Definition
APS
Automatic Protection Switching
Reverting
After redundancy switching, the system will switch back to
the original primary NIM when repairs are completed.
Nonreverting
After redundancy switching, the protection NIM will
remain the system primary NIM after repairs are completed.
In this case, the repaired NIM becomes the protection NIM.
This only applies to manual switching.
1+1
Protection
The signal is continuously bridged to the working and
protection equipment so payloads are transmitted
identically over both paths. The receiving equipment
chooses either path. The user must set their equipment to bidirectional. The Broadmore 1750 supports bi-directional
1+1 APS for the NIM. The Broadmore 1750 does not
support uni-directional 1+1 APS for the NIM.
1:n
Protection
There is one backup for n critical components. Any of the n
working channels can be bridged to a single protection line.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
7-25
Configuration
NIM Redundancy
Item
Definition
1:1
Protection
A special case of 1:n protection where n=1. Each critical
component has a dedicated backup, which assumes
operation if the primary unit fails, so that connectivity is not
adversely impacted.
NIM Redundancy
ATM redundancy is provided by installation of a second NIM. The Broadmore 1750
can then be configured to provide 1+1 or 1:1 NIM protection in accordance with the
SONET-GR-253-CORE specification. The APS is per the SONET-GR-253-CORE
specification. The user may select either reverting or non-reverting APS modes as
explained in the configuration below.
NOTE:
The Broadmore will display only those features supported by the
installed NIM. Consequently, some of the features described below may not
apply to the NIMs you are configuring.
Configure redundancy following steps on the next page.
1. Review the hardware configuration. The Broadmore 1750 must have two
NIMs installed to support redundancy, the master NIM in slot “B” and the APS
NIM in slot “A”. If installing 1:1 protection, reverting or non-reverting,
contact the ATM switch vendor to ensure that 1:1 protection is supported.
Select Maintenance/Diagnostics
Select Redundancy ↵
Select NIM ↵
Select APS Parms ↵
7-26
↵
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
NIM Redundancy
2. From the CAMMI main screen, follow the selection sequence above to display
the redundancy screen.
3. Following the instructions on the bottom of the screen and toggle through
available choices for each item.
Select Maintenance/Diagnostics
Select Redundancy ↵
Select APS Install ↵
↵
4. Follow the sequence above to display the SONET screen below and make
choices to meet your specific configuration. Use the space bar to toggle
between reverting and non-reverting. The third choice, Single NIM, is used
when only one NIM is installed.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
7-27
Configuration
NIM Redundancy
5. In the redundancy configuration on the Protection Parameters shown above,
the Command field choices are prioritized per the SONET GR-253-CORE
specification. The available choices in priority order top-to-bottom are:
Lockout
Force A
Force B
Switch to A
Switch to B
Clear
The Command Request field indicates the current request status and cannot be
changed. The command “Clear” is not prioritized but it acts to remove the last request
from its control station. This means that a command (i.e., choice) will not be activated
if there is a higher priority current request shown in the Command Request status
portion of the display. Broadmore generated requests such as “SD- Signal
Degradation” are not shown on the screen but they fall in the priority list between
“Force B” and “Switch to A”. In other words, a command “Force B” will switch the
Broadmore to NIM B regardless of signal degradation, while a command “Switch to
B” will be ignored in the same circumstance if there is a current SD request. A
Command Request can be received from any user interface.
6. Set the Parameters for Bit Error Rate (BER) Thresholds in the right part of the
display. Enter a desired number “x” for each threshold, remembering that the
degrade threshold (SD) should be a larger “x” than the failure threshold (SF)
and thus a smaller number. The parameter entered is defined by the equation
–x
Threshold = 10
where “x” is the user-entered number. If the redundancy chosen is revert, then
the parameter “Revert Time” will be active and the number of minutes before
the system automatically reverts to the original primary NIM may be entered.
7. Switching the protection installation changes module and call configurations.
Follow any change to redundant configuration by immediately rebooting
the system.
7-28
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
SAM Redundancy
SAM Redundancy
In the Broadmore 1750, installing an Unstructured DS3 SAM in slot P provides 1:N
SAM redundancy. A special Protection IOM with no user interface is used, since input/
output will continue to be provided via the cables attached to the slot of the failed SAM.
The Unstructured DS3 in slot P is called the protection SAM, or P-SAM. The working
SAMs, called W-SAMs, are installed in slot C, slot F, slot J, and slot M.
Follow the sequence below to enable and configure SAM redundancy.
Select Maintenance/Diags
Select Redundancy ↵
Select SAM ↵
Select APS Parms ↵
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
↵
7-29
Configuration
SAM Redundancy
Slot M has the highest priority, followed in order by slot J, slot F, and slot C. The PSAM provides redundancy according to the following:
Only a single W-SAM is protected
In the case of more than one request for the P-SAM, only the highest priority WSAM is protected
If the P-SAM is protecting a W-SAM, then a request from a lower priority WSAM is ignored until the higher priority clears
If the P-SAM is protecting a W-SAM, then a request from a higher priority WSAM is honored (and the protection for the first-protected W-SAM is lost)
P-SAM is invoked for removal of a W-SAM, or by user command
Redundancy is not reverting. After correction of a W-SAM problem, switch back
manually
Wait at least 15 seconds between removal and insertion of SAMs to ensure
system stabilization.
CAUTION! FAILURE TO WAIT 15 SECONDS BETWEEN EVENTS MAY
LEAD TO A CONDITION WHERE A W-SAM DOES NOT RETURN TO FULL
OPERATION. IN THIS CASE, FOLLOW THE STEPS BELOW TO CORRECT THE
PROBLEM.
Perform the following steps to enable SAM Protection:
1. Go to APS Parms and select Mode Enabled.
Select Maintenance/Diags
Select Redundancy ↵
Select SAM ↵
Select APS Parms ↵
Change Mode Enabled ↵
7-30
↵
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
SAM Redundancy
2. Go to SAM Request and manually set each W-SAM to Online.
Select Maintenance/Diags
Select Redundancy ↵
Select SAM ↵
Select Request ↵
Change Online ↵
↵
NOTE:
Protection switching is non-revertive. After correcting the fault
problem, the Offline W-SAM must be manaully set back to Online if it is to
be protected.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
7-31
Configuration
SAM Redundancy
3. After setting a W-SAM to Online, you can test the protection feature by
performing a Manual Switch to divert traffic through the P-SAM and a
Manual Revert to return traffic back to the W-SAM.
7-32
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
CPU Redundancy
CPU Redundancy
CPU redundancy is automatically activated when a second CPU is detected in the
system. If two CPUs are detected at initial boot, the first to boot becomes “online” and
the other goes into the standby mode.
CPU redundancy allows the standby CPU to take control if the online CPU experiences
a failure. Data files on the two CPUs are synchronized automatically when the standby
CPU is powered up. This synchronization process occurs automatically when the
standby CPU is powered up. Once both CPUs are functioning (one online and the other
in standby) any subsequent changes to the system are mirrored (recorded in the online
CPU and sent to the standby CPU). This process keeps the standby CPU up to date.
Select Maintenance/Diagnostics
Select Redundancy ↵
Select CPU ↵
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
↵
7-33
Configuration
CPU Redundancy
System Log
The system log is unique to each CPU. Entries are sent from each CPU and copied
to the partner CPU. Each entry has a time stamp followed by an upper-case or
lower-case slot letter. An upper-case letter (Q or R) indicates that the message
originated from the current CPU. A lower-case letter (q or r) indicates that the
message originated from the partner CPU. Thus, an entry in one log with an uppercase slot letter will have a similar entry in the other log with a lower-case slot letter.
Select Maintenance/Diagnostics
Select View System Log ↵
↵
IP Addresses
A Broadmore 1750 chassis may have one or two IP addresses (see “Ethernet IP
Configuration” on page 7-9). The online CPU will have the primary address as
configured in the Config IP menu. The standby CPU will have the secondary
address as configured in the Config IP menu. If a CPU switchover occurs, the
newly online CPU will change its IP address to the primary IP.
The Broadmore 1750 may also be configured with an IP address for CIP over
ATM. This address is only valid for the online CPU.
If used, a LANE address is configured via the LANE Configure menu. LANE is
only valid for the online CPU.
Select System Management
Select Configure ↵
Select System Services ↵
7-34
↵
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
CPU Redundancy
Synchronizing CPU
CAUTION! MODULE REMOVAL AND INSERTION – ON A POWERED-UP
SYSTEM, WAIT AT LEAST 15 SECONDS AFTER ANY MODULE REMOVAL OR
INSERTION TO ALLOW THE SYSTEM TO STABILIZE. FAILURE TO FOLLOW THIS
PROCEDURE MAY RESULT IN SYSTEM ERRORS REQUIRING TOTAL SYSTEM
REBOOT. WHEN INSTALLING A REPLACEMENT CPU IN A REDUNDANT CPU
SYSTEM, DO NOT REBOOT OR POWER DOWN THE SYSTEM BEFORE CPU
SYNCHRONIZATION IS COMPLETE AS INDICATED BY A SOLID STATUS LIGHT.
CPU data sync occurs automatically and should not require user intervention (see
“CPU Sync” on page 8-17). If there is a CPU sync problem, follow the steps below
to synchronize data and operating software (SW) between the two CPUs. This
should only be done when there is file manipulation unknown to the system, such
as FTP of new files to the online CPU.
Three options are available for synchronizing CPU: Sync CPU Data Only,
Sync Operating SW, and Sync CPU Data and SW. Synchronizing the
operating software is very time-consuming and should only be done as a last resort
when the standby CPU has no Ethernet connection to update the software by FTP.
Select Maintenance/Diags ↵
Select Redundancy ↵
Select CPU ↵
Select Sync CPU Data Only ↵
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
7-35
Configuration
CPU Redundancy
Release CPU Control
If desired, the online CPU can be made to release control (switch) to the standby
CPU by performing the following steps. The online CPU will then become the
standby CPU, and vice versa. This command may be used during maintenance
procedures.
Select Maintenance/Diags ↵
Select Redundancy ↵
Select CPU ↵
Select Release CPU Control ↵
Reboot Standby CPU
If desired, the standby CPU can be rebooted by performing the following steps.
This command may be used during maintenance procedures.
Select Maintenance/Diags
Select Redundancy ↵
Select CPU ↵
Select Reboot Standby ↵
↵
Install Single or Dual CPU
This configuration item only activates detection of the SNMP trap Standby CPU
missing. If only one CPU is present, select Single CPU. If two CPUs are
installed, select Dual CPU.
Select Maintenance/Diags
Select Redundancy ↵
Select CPU ↵
Select Installed ↵
7-36
↵
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
Module Configuration
Module Configuration
How to Configure Specific Modules ... 7-38
OC-12c/STM-4c ... 7-39
OC-12c/STM-4c BITS/Timing Redundancy ... 7-40
Unstructured DS3 SAM ... 7-43
Structured DS3 SAM ... 7-50
Unstructured E3-3 SAM ... 7-57
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
7-37
Configuration
How to Configure Specific Modules
How to Configure Specific Modules
The NIM and SAM configuration process applies to each module installed in the
system. The parameters vary by module as delineated below. For each module, start the
procedure by following the pull-down sequence shown.
Select System Management ↵
Select Configure ↵
Select Slot ↵
Select the slot with the module to be configured ↵
The slot selection screen, as shown below, also displays the current alarm condition of
the module in each slot.
NOTE:
The list above displays only a portion of the available Retry
Cause Codes. Scroll down to view additional codes.
7-38
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
OC-12c/STM-4c
OC-12c/STM-4c
Choose the slot (A or B) containing the OC-12c/STM-4c to be configured and a
parameter input screen appears. The table below is a guide to parameter configuration.
Item
Options
Comment
Port Mode
On-line
Off-line
Test Download Standby
Configuration Request
Broken
This field is a status indicator and the items displayed are
the result of configuration (or other) actions.
Framing Type
SONET
SDH
SDH is for International ITU applications. SONET is for
US applications.
Transmit Timing
Recovered
BITS
Recovered means from SONET.
BITS impedance matching is a hardware function; see
NIM Installation, Chapter 3. BITS is tied to the local inhouse timing source.
Local is on-board Stratum 3 timing source.
Local
SONET Tx
Enable
Disable
If SONET Tx is enabled, framing is enabled; if SONET
Tx is disabled, framing is removed (i.e., SONET Tx is all
zeroes).
Loopback Mode
Normal
Terminal
Normal is no loopback.
Terminal is a loopback from the ATM interface to the
user equipment.
Local is a loopback before NIM processing to the fiber
link. Remote is a loopback from the receive fiber to the
ATM before local processing.
Local
Remote
ATM Payload
Scramble Mode
Both Scrambled
Transmit Scrambled
Receive Scrambled
No Scramble
A technique used to prevent a long string of zeros. Both
ends of a connection must be configured the same for
operation.
BITS Clock Alarm
Loss
Enable
Disable
Provides an alarm indication of loss of BITS clock at the
NIM IOM when enabled. A corresponding BITS LOS
SNMP trap is generated if SNMP is configured properly.
If a second OC-12c/STM-4c is installed, repeat this process for the configuration.
Follow the module-specific information above, as appropriate.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
7-39
Configuration
OC-12c/STM-4c BITS/Timing Redundancy
OC-12c/STM-4c BITS/Timing Redundancy
Configuration of the timing options on a redundant OC-12c/STM-4c system requires
correct settings on both NIMs, the DS3 port, and the NIM redundancy screen. Either of
the Broadmore 1750 BITS inputs on NIM IOMs, in slots A and B, can be selected as
the primary clock reference. Each BITS input has an enable/disable menu option on the
coinciding OC-12c/STM-4c interface. When a condition exists that the primary
reference source is not detected, the unit will switch to the other BITS input, if a signal
is detected on that input. If a signal is not detected on the opposite BITS, the source
clock will be derived from an alternate source propagated from the NIM to the cell bus.
The source of the cell bus clock depends on the setting of the OC-12c/STM-4c transmit
timing option. Two options are available, Local/BITS and Received. The Local/BITS
option derives clock from the on-board internal oscillator. The received option derives
clock from the received SONET stream.
1. Follow the sequence below to set the redundancy primary BITS clock to either
A or B.
Select Maintenance/Diags ↵
Select Redundancy ↵
Select NIM ↵
Select Primary BITS ↵
Choose A or B
In the case of a single BITS clock, select it as the
primary source (NIM A or NIM B).
7-40
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
OC-12c/STM-4c BITS/Timing Redundancy
2. Follow the sequence below to set the clock mode configuration on the port of
interest.
Select System Management ↵
Select Configure ↵
Select Slot with DS3 ↵
Select Port of interest ↵
Select Operational Configuration ↵
Select Clock Mode ↵
Choose the BITS option to allow the DS3 port
to derive clock from either BITS or the cell bus
3. Follow the sequence below to set the OC12 transmit timing to either recovered
or local/BITS. Recovered clock derives timing from the SONET stream.
Local/BITS derives timing from the onboard oscillator. Repeat this step for
both OC12s.
Select System Management ↵
Select Configuration ↵
Select Slot with OC12 ↵
Select Transit Timing ↵
Choose Recovered or Local/BITS ↵
Follow the sequence below to enable an alarm for loss of BITS clock. Do this for both
OC-12c/STM-4cs.
Select System Management ↵
Select Configuration ↵
Select Slot with OC12 ↵
Select BITS Clock Alarm Loss ↵
Choose Enable or Disable ↵
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
7-41
Configuration
OC-12c/STM-4c BITS/Timing Redundancy
The recommended configuration for maximum clocking stability is:
1. Connect BITS sources to NIM I/O A and NIM I/O B.
2. Select a Primary Reference Source (A or B), and then enable the clock loss
alarm menu option on each OC-12c/STM-4c.
3. Configure the DS3 SAM to BITS clock mode.
The equipment connected to the Broadmore 1750 OC-12c/STM-4c interface is
configured to BITS and provides a BITS reference clock embedded in the
SONET serial stream.
4. The Broadmore 1750 OC-12c/STM-4c Transmit timing option is set to
recovered.
In effect, the Broadmore 1750 OC-12c/STM-4c is loop timed off of the
associated SONET device. Configuring the equipment in this manner allows
the DS3 SAM to fallback on a clock derived from the associated SONET
equipment’s BITS, in the event of a BITS clock failure.
7-42
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
Unstructured DS3 SAM
Unstructured DS3 SAM
Choose the slot containing the DS3 SAM to be configured to display a screen for port
selection. The table below is a guide to configuration parameters. Operational,
Diagnostics, and Alarm configuration are the three menu options. Descriptions of the
configurable items are found in the following tables. Highlight each item and use the
space bar to toggle available options for each. Save the configuration after making
changes.
The following tables show the options available for each item, separated by operational
configuration, diagnostics, and alarm configuration.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
7-43
Configuration
Unstructured DS3 SAM
Table 7-2: Unstructured DS3 SAM Configuration Items
Item
Options Comments
Port Name
Port Mode
Framing
Clock Mode
7-44
On-line
Off-line
C-bit
M13
Unframed
SRTS
Adaptive
Network
BITS
Loop
A descriptive field to identify the port
This is a status field that can be toggled to online or offline. When the port is in
offline status, it is not available to make calls, and passive SVCs are refused.
C-bit is a framing mode using DS2 stuff bits associated with M23 multiplexing
for other purposes such as Far End Alarm Control (FEAC) Channel. M13 is a
mode that maps 28 DS1s directly into the DS3. The DS1s do not exist
independently as is the case when M23 multiplexing is used. Unframed requires
a 44.736 Mbps input.
NOTE: SRTS is a proprietary timing algorithm and may ONLY be
used with specific written prior permission from Carrier Access
Corporation. Additional license fees may apply.
SRTS-This method measures the Service Clock input frequency against a
network-wide ATM synchronization clock and sends the difference signals in the
AAL1 header to the destination Broadmore 1700 circuit emulation interface. The
different signals are then combined with the network-wide ATM synchronization
clock to re-create the input service clock. If more than one ATM clock
synchronization is present in the network, an alternate timing recovery method
must be selected. For this method to work, the ATM network must be
synchronized to a single network-wide clock source. User equipment should be
configured to internal clock.
Adaptive Timing –This technique maintains a pre-defined fill level in the Circuit
Emulation Re-assembly buffer to control the timing output to user equipment.
This method of timing recovery does not require a Synchronous ATM network
and is used in applications where network wide synchronization is not available.
(Synchronous) Network-This method of clock recovery derives timing from the
ATM Network and propagates it to the CE Service Interface. The ATM network
must be synchronized to a single source clock. User equipment should be
configured to recover timing from the Broadmore 1700 CE service interface.
(Synchronous) Loop-The Broadmore 1700 CE interface will derive clock from
the attached DS3 user equipment and transmit from the CE interface at that rate.
The user equipment should be configured for Internal timing if the Broadmore
1700 CE service interface is configured for Synchronous loop.
BITS- (Building Integrated Timing Supply)- distributes standard timing to
equipment within the central office. The Broadmore 1700 accepts BITS via either
NIM IOM. The fallback for the primary BITS clock is the other BITS clock. The
fallback for no BITS is the internal clock of the NIM.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
Unstructured DS3 SAM
Item
Options
Comments
Network RAI
Auto
X-bits 1
X-bits 0
Service RAI
Auto
X-bits 1
X-bits 0
Indication (RAI) configuration. Allows user configuration of the X-bits
associated with C-bit parity framing. Auto makes it transparent; the other choices
set the X-bits to either 1 or 0.
Indication (RAI) configuration. Allows user configuration of the X-bits
associated with C-bit parity framing. Auto makes it transparent; the other choices
set the X-bits to either 1 or 0.
Table 7-3: Unstructured DS3 SAM Diagnostics Configuration
Item
Options
Comments
Automatic FEAC Alarms
Activate/Deactivate
Activates or deactivates Far End Alarm and
Control Channel (FEAC) alarms. FEAC alarms
can only be active when the port is configured
for C-bit parity framing. Activate to detect and
transmit RAI as applicable and detect FEAC
channel activate/deactivate commands
Network FEAC Loopback
Activate/Deactivate
Activate sends a FEAC command to the far end
network equipment to go into network
loopback. Deactivate sends a FEAC command
to go out of network loopback. Only active
when port is configured for C-bit parity. The
receive code generated is DS3 Out of Frame
(0000000).
Service FEAC Loopback
Activate/Deactivate
Activate sends a FEAC command to the far end
service equipment to go into service loopback.
Deactivate sends a FEAC command to go out
of service loopback. Only active when port is
configured for C-bit parity.
Network BERT Test
Activate/Deactivate
BERT test can only be performed when the
port is configured for C-bit parity framing.
23
Causes the port to generate a 2e pseudorandom test pattern to the ATM network.
Service BERT Test
Activate/Deactivate
Same as network BERT test except it goes to
the service equipment. These tests can be
monitored from CAMMI following the
selection sequence: system management →
monitor activity →slot statistics→ DS3 SAM
→ Port # → Port Counters
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
7-45
Configuration
Unstructured DS3 SAM
Item
Options
Comments
Network AIS
Activate/Deactivate
Sends Alarm Indication Signal to the network
when activated.
Service AIS
Activate/Deactivate
Sends Alarm Indication Signal to the
connected local service equipment when
activated.
Loopback
Normal
Local
Normal is no loopback.
Local sets a service side loopback (DS3) on the
port.
Remote sets a network side loopback (ATM)
on the port.
See diagram “Loopback Options” on page 5-20
Remote
Table 7-4: Unstructured DS3 SAM Alarm Configuration
Network Alarms
Options
Service Alarms
Cell Starvation
Ignore/Major/Minor
LOS
LOF
Ignore/Major/Minor
LOF
AIS
Ignore/Major/Minor
AIS
Idle
Ignore/Major/Minor
Idle
RAI
Ignore/Major/Minor
RAI
FEAC
Ignore/Major/Minor
FEAC
Sequence Errors
Ignore/Major/Minor
Line Code Violation
Excessive SNP Errors
Ignore/Major/Minor
Excessive SNP Errors
Excessive F-bit Errors
Ignore/Major/Minor
Excessive F-bit Errors
Excessive Parity Errors
Ignore/Major/Minor
Excessive Parity Errors
Excessive C-bit Errors
Ignore/Major/Minor
Excessive C-bit Errors
Excessive FEBE Errors
Ignore/Major/Minor
Excessive FEBE Errors
Follow the sequence below to set network alarms. DS3 alarms are set on a port basis
with alarm definitions as shown.
7-46
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
Unstructured DS3 SAM
Select System Management ↵
Select Configure ↵
Select Slot ↵
Select Port of interest ↵
Select Alarm Configuration ↵
Press Network Alarms or Service Alarms ↵
Use the space bar to toggle to the available options and
press Esc to save the settings.
Table 7-5: Network Alarm Definitions
Network Alarm
Definition
Cell Starvation
Cell Starvation indicates there are no cells being received from the network side.
LOF
Loss Of Framing indicates that the framing alignment of the signal coming
into the Broadmore 1700 from the ATM side has been lost.
AIS
This alarm indicates an Alarm Indication Signal is being received from the
network side. When a network element receives a loss of signal, it is
supposed to propagate an AIS alarm on its output. If this alarm is active, then
an AIS alarm is being propagated to it. An AIS alarm is a validly framed DS3
signal consisting of a repeated 1010 data pattern.
Idle
An idle alarm means that an idle signal (validly framed DS3 signal with a
repeated 1100 signal) is being detected on the network side.
RAI
The Remote Alarm Indicator (also known as a Yellow Alarm) is transmitted
by setting the X bits to zero. This particular alarm indicates that a Yellow
alarm has been sent across the ATM network and is being received by this
DS3 port. In the DS3 port configuration screen, you can select the Network
and Service side RAI as Auto, 1, or 0. Selecting “0” will cause the network
RAI alarm to be activated, if the user has not selected to Ignore it.
FEAC
Far End Alarm and Control Channel.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
7-47
Configuration
Unstructured DS3 SAM
Network Alarm
Definition
Sequence Errors
This alarm indicates that frames are out of sequence as they arrive at the DS3
port.
Excessive SNP Errors
SNP Errors are errors that occur in the Sequence Number Parity portion of the
DS3 frame
Excessive F-bit Errors
The Excessive F-bit Errors alarm is triggered when the DS3 port receives
-4
F-bit errors at a rate of 1 x 10
Excessive Parity Errors
The Excessive Parity Errors alarm will be triggered when the DS3 port
-4
receives parity errors at a rate of 1 x 10
Excessive C-bit Errors
The Excessive C-bit Errors alarm will be triggered when the DS3 port
-4
receives C-bit errors at a rate of 1 x 10
Excessive FEBE Errors
The Excessive FEBE (Far End Block Error) alarm is triggered when the DS3
-4
port receives FEBEs at a rate of 1 x 10
Table 7-6: Service Alarm Definitions
Service Alarm
Definition
LOS
Loss Of Signal indicates that there is no signal being input to the DS3 from the
service side.
LOF
Loss of Framing indicates that the framing alignment of the signal coming
into the Broadmore 1700 from the ATM side has been lost.
AIS
This alarm indicates that the DS3 port is receiving an Alarm Indication Signal
from the attached equipment. AIS is a validly framed DS3 signal consisting
of a repeated 1010 data pattern.
Idle
An idle alarm means that an idle signal (validly framed DS3 signal with a
repeated 1100 signal) is being detected on the service side.
RAI
The Remote Alarm Indicator (also known as a Yellow Alarm) is transmitted by
setting the X bits to zero. In this instance, the service side equipment is
transmitting the RAI to the DS3 port.
FEAC
Far End Alarm and Control Channel.
7-48
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
Unstructured DS3 SAM
Service Alarm
Definition
Line Code Violation
This alarm indicates that a long string of zeros is being received by the DS3
port from any attached equipment.
Excessive F-bit Errors
The Excessive F-bit Errors alarm is triggered when the DS3 port receives
-4
F-bit errors at a rate of 1 x 10
Excessive Parity Errors
The Excessive Parity Errors alarm will be triggered when the DS3 port
-4
receives parity errors at a rate of 1 x 10
Excessive C-bit Errors
The Excessive C-bit Errors alarm will be triggered when the DS3 port
-4
receives C-bit errors at a rate of 1 x 10
Excessive FEBE Errors
The Excessive FEBE (Far End Block Error) alarm is triggered when the DS3
-4
port receives FEBEs at a rate of 1 x 10
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
7-49
Configuration
Structured DS3 SAM
Structured DS3 SAM
Choose the slot containing the structured DS3 SAM to be configured to display a screen
for port selection. The table below is a guide to configuration parameters. Operational,
Diagnostics, Alarm, T1 Tributary, and DS0 configuration are the menu options.
Descriptions of the configurable items are found in the following tables. Highlight each
item and use the space bar to toggle available options for each, and then save the
configuration after making changes.
Use the following steps for configuring the SDS3.
Select System Management ↵
Select Configure ↵
Select Slot ↵
Select Structured DS3 SAM ↵
Select one of the following:
* Diagnostics ↵
* T1 Tributary ↵
* DS0 Loopback ↵
* Operational Configuration ↵
* Alarms Configuration ↵
Use the space bar to toggle to the available options and
press Esc to save the settings.
7-50
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
Structured DS3 SAM
Table 7-7: Structured DS3 SAM Operational Configuration
Item
Options
Description
Port Mode
On-line
Off-line
This is a status field that can be toggled to offline, in which
case the port will not be available to make calls and passive
SVCs are refused.
Framing
C-bit
M13
C-bit is a framing mode using DS2 stuff bits associated with
M13 multiplexing for other purposes such as Far End Alarm
Control (FEAC) Channel.
M13 is a mode that maps 28 DS1s directly into the DS3.
The DS1s do not exist independently as is the case when
M23 multiplexing is used.
Clock Mode
Network
BITS-Clock
Loop
(Synchronous) Network-This method of clock recovery
derives timing from the ATM Network and propagates it to
the CE Service Interface. The ATM network must be
synchronized to a single source clock. User equipment
should be configured to recover timing from the Broadmore
1750 CE service interface.
BITS-Clock (Building Integrated Timing Supply)distributes standard timing to equipment within the central
office. The Broadmore 1750 accepts BITS via either NIM
IOM. The fallback for the primary BITS clock is the other
BITS clock. The fallback for no BITS is the internal clock
of the NIM.
(Synchronous) Loop-The Broadmore 1750 CE interface
will derive clock from the attached SDS3 user equipment
and transmit from the CE interface at that rate. The user
equipment should be configured for Internal timing if the
Broadmore 1750 CE service interface is configured for
Synchronous loop.
Loopback
Normal
Local
Remote
Normal Mode is no loopback. Local Line Loopback sets a
loopback to the service equipment.Remote Loopback sets a
loopback to the ATM network.
Service RAI
Auto
X-bits 1
X-bits 0
Indication (RAI) configuration. Allows user configuration
of the X-bits associated with C-bit parity framing. Auto
makes it transparent; the other choices set the X-bits to
either 1 or 0.
Port Name
A descriptive field to identify the port
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
7-51
Configuration
Structured DS3 SAM
Table 7-8: Structured DS3 SAM Diagnostics Configuration
Item
Options
Description
Port Mode
On-line
Off-line
This is a status field that can be toggled to offline, in which
case the port will not be available to make calls and passive
SVCs are refused.
Framing
C-bit
M13
C-bit is a framing mode using DS2 stuff bits associated
with M13 multiplexing for other purposes such as Far End
Alarm Control (FEAC) Channel.
M13 is a mode that maps 28 DS1s directly into the DS3.
The DS1s do not exist independently as is the case when
M23 multiplexing is used.
Clock Mode
Network
BITS-Clock
Loop
(Synchronous) Network-This method of clock recovery
derives timing from the ATM Network and propagates it to
the CE Service Interface. The ATM network must be
synchronized to a single source clock. User equipment
should be configured to recover timing from the Broadmore
1750 CE service interface.
BITS-Clock (Building Integrated Timing Supply)distributes standard timing to equipment within the central
office. The Broadmore 1750 accepts BITS via either NIM
IOM. The fallback for the primary BITS clock is the other
BITS clock. The fallback for no BITS is the internal clock
of the NIM.
(Synchronous) Loop-The Broadmore 1750 CE interface
will derive clock from the attached SDS3 user equipment
and transmit from the CE interface at that rate. The user
equipment should be configured for Internal timing if the
Broadmore 1750 CE service interface is configured for
Synchronous loop.
Loopback
Normal
Remote
Normal Mode is no loopback.
Remote Loopback sets a loopback to the service side.
Service RAI
Auto
X-bits 1
X-bits 0
Indication (RAI) configuration. Allows user configuration
of the X-bits associated with C-bit parity framing. Auto
makes it transparent; the other choices set the X-bits to
either 1 or 0.
Port Name
7-52
A descriptive field to identify the port
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
Structured DS3 SAM
Item
Options
Description
Automatic FEAC
Alarms
Activate/Deactivate
Activates or deactivates Far End Alarm and Control
Channel (FEAC) alarms. FEAC alarms can only be active
when the port is configured for C-bit parity framing.
Activate to detect and transmit RAI as applicable and detect
FEAC channel activate/deactivate commands
Service FEAC
Loopback
Activate/Deactivate
Activate sends a FEAC command to the far end service
equipment to go into service loopback. Deactivate sends a
FEAC command to go out of service loopback. Only active
when port is configured for C-bit parity.
Service AIS
Activate/Deactivate
Sends Alarm Indication Signal to the connected local
service equipment when activated.
Table 7-9: Structured DS3 SAM Alarms
Service Alarms
Options
LOS
Ignore/Major/Minor
LOF
Ignore/Major/Minor
AIS
Ignore/Major/Minor
Idle
Ignore/Major/Minor
RAI
Ignore/Major/Minor
FEAC
Ignore/Major/Minor
Line Code Violation
Ignore/Major/Minor
Excessive F-bit Errors
Ignore/Major/Minor
Excessive Parity Errors
Ignore/Major/Minor
Excessive C-bit Errors
Ignore/Major/Minor
Excessive FEBE Errors
Ignore/Major/Minor
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
7-53
Configuration
Structured DS3 SAM
Follow the sequence below to set service alarms. DS3 alarms are set on a port basis
with alarm definitions as shown.
Select System Management ↵
Select Configure ↵
Select Slot ↵
Select Structured DS3 SAM ↵
Select Alarms Configuration ↵
Select from the list of Alarms ↵
Use the space bar to toggle to the available options and
press Esc to save the settings.
Table 7-10: Structured DS3 Service Alarm Definitions
Service Alarm
Definition
LOS
Loss Of Signal indicates that there is no signal being input to the DS3 from the
service side.
LOF
Loss of Framing indicates that the framing alignment of the signal coming
into the Broadmore 1750 from the ATM side has been lost.
AIS
This alarm indicates that the DS3 port is receiving an Alarm Indication Signal
from the attached equipment. AIS is a validly framed DS3 signal consisting
of a repeated 1010 data pattern.
Idle
An idle alarm means that an idle signal (validly framed DS3 signal with a repeated
1100 signal) is being detected on the service side.
RAI
The Remote Alarm Indicator (yellow alarm) is transmitted by setting the X bits to
zero. In this instance, the service side equipment is transmitting the RAI to the
DS3 port.
FEAC
Far End Alarm and Control Channel.
Line Code Violation
This alarm indicates that a long string of zeros is being received by the DS3
port from any attached equipment.
7-54
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
Structured DS3 SAM
Service Alarm
Definition
Excessive F-bit Errors
The Excessive F-bit Errors alarm is triggered when the DS3 port receives
-4
F-bit errors at a rate of 1 x 10
Excessive Parity Errors
The Excessive Parity Errors alarm will be triggered when the DS3 port
-4
receives parity errors at a rate of 1 x 10
Excessive C-bit Errors
The Excessive C-bit Errors alarm will be triggered when the DS3 port
-4
receives C-bit errors at a rate of 1 x 10
Excessive FEBE Errors
The Excessive FEBE (Far End Block Error) alarm is triggered when the DS3
-4
port receives FEBEs at a rate of 1 x 10
Table 7-11: Structured DS3 SAM DS1 Tributary Configuration
Item
Options
Description
Timing Recovery
SRTS Timing
Synchronous Network
Synchronous Loop
Each option specifies a method of clock recovery
that will be used for all recovery circuits on the
port.
Service Clocking Mode
NOTE: SRTS is a proprietary timing
algorithm and may ONLY be used with
specific written prior permission from
Carrier Access Corporation. Additional
license fees may apply.
Loopback
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Normal
Remote
Normal Mode is no loopback.
Remote Loopback sets a loopback to the service
side.
7-55
Configuration
Structured DS3 SAM
Item
Options
Description
CBR Service Type
Structured No CAS
Structured with CAS
Unstructured
Structured No CAS allows DS0 (fractional)
allocation without Channel Associated Signalling
(CAS).
Structured with CAS allows DS0 allocation with
CAS enabled, using robbed-bit signalling.
Unstructured assigns all the timeslots to one VP/
VC. Structured No CAS and Structured with
CAS can assign a timeslot or group of timeslots
to a VP/VC.
Unstructured allocates all 24 DS0s to the DS1,
using the entire DS1 bandwidth regardless of
data content.
Frame Type
Unframed
Extended Superframe
Superframe
No framing occurs.
Superframe groups 12 DS1 frames together.
Extended Superframe groups 24 DS1 frames
together. The equipment attached must be set to
the same frame type as chosen here.
BERT
Off
21e-11 PRBS
21e-15 PRBS
21e-20 PRBS
21e-23 PRBS
BERT test can only be performed when the port
is configured for C-bit parity framing. This
causes the port to generate pseudo-random test
patterns to the service side DS3 physical
connection.
Table 7-12: Structured DS3 SAM DS0 Loopback Tributary Configuration
Item
Options
Description
DS0-0 (0-23)
Normal
Remote
Normal Mode is no loopback.
Remote Loopback sets a loopback to the service
side.
7-56
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
Unstructured E3-3 SAM
Unstructured E3-3 SAM
Choose the slot containing the Unstructured E3 SAM to be configured to display a
screen for port selection. The table below is a guide to configuration parameters.
Operational, Diagnostics, and Alarm configuration are the three menu options.
Descriptions of the configurable items are found in the following tables. Highlight each
item and use the space bar to toggle available options for each. Save the configuration
after making changes.
The next three pages show the options available for each item, separated by operational
configuration, diagnostics, and alarm configuration.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
7-57
Configuration
Unstructured E3-3 SAM
Table 7-13: Unstructured E3-3 SAM Operational Configuration
Item
Options
Comments
Port Name
Port Mode
Framing
Clock Mode
7-58
On-line
Off-line
G.751
G.832
Unframed
SRTS
Adaptive
Network
BITS Clock
Loop
A descriptive field to identify the port
This is a status field that can be toggled to off-line, in which case the port will
not be available to make calls and passive SVCs are refused.
G.751 is a European framing standard used for PDH applications.
G.832 is a European framing standard set by the ITU for transporting SDH
elements on PDH network.
Unframed requires a 44.736 Mbps input.
NOTE: SRTS is a proprietary timing algorithm and may ONLY
be used with specific written prior permission from Carrier Access
Corporation. Additional license fees may apply.
SRTS measures the Service Clock input frequency against a network-wide
ATM synchronization clock and sends the difference signals in the AAL1
header to the destination Broadmore 1750 circuit emulation interface. The
different signals are then combined with the network-wide ATM
synchronization clock to re-create the input service clock. If more than one
ATM clock synchronization is present in the network, an alternate timing
recovery method must be selected. For this method to work, the ATM network
must be synchronized to a single network-wide clock source. User equipment
should be configured to internal clock.
Adaptive Timing maintains a pre-defined fill level in the Circuit Emulation
Re-assembly buffer to control the timing output to user equipment. This
method of timing recovery does not require a Synchronous ATM network and
is used in applications where network wide synchronization is not available.
(Synchronous) Network method of clock recovery derives timing from the
ATM Network and propagates it to the CE Service Interface. The ATM
network must be synchronized to a single source clock. User equipment should
be configured to recover timing from the Broadmore 1750 CE service
interface.
(Synchronous) Loop CE interface will derive clock from the attached E3 user
equipment and transmit from the CE interface at that rate. The user equipment
should be configured for Internal timing if the Broadmore 1750 CE service
interface is configured for Synchronous loop.
BITS- (Building Integrated Timing Supply) distributes standard timing to
equipment within the central office. The Broadmore 1750 accepts BITS via
either NIM IOM. The fallback for the primary BITS clock is the other BITS
clock. The fallback for no BITS is the internal clock of the NIM.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
Unstructured E3-3 SAM
Item
Options
Comments
Network RDI
Auto
X-bits 1
X-bits 0
Service RDI
Auto
X-bits 1
X-bits 0
A Remote Defect Indication (RDI) is LOS or LOF detected on the attached
equipment of the network side. Auto sets the RDI to automatically reflect
whether or not an error is present. 1 sets an error to occur whether one is
present or not. 0 indicates no errors even if one is present.
A Remote Defect Indication (RDI) is LOS or LOF detected on the attached
equipment of the network side. Auto sets the RDI to automatically reflect
whether or not an error is present. 1 sets an error to occur whether one is
present or not. 0 indicates no errors even if one is present.
Table 7-14: Unstructured E3-3 SAM Diagnostics Configuration
Item
Options
Comment
Network BERT Test
Activate/Deactivate
BERT test can only be performed when the
port is configured for C-bit parity framing.
23
Causes the port to generate a 2e pseudorandom test pattern to the ATM network.
Service BERT Test
Activate/Deactivate
Same as network BERT test except it goes to
the service equipment. These tests can be
monitored from CAMMI following the
selection sequence: system management →
monitor activity →slot statistics→ E3 SAM →
Port # → Port Counters
Network AIS
Activate/Deactivate
Sends Alarm Indication Signal to the network
when activated.
Service AIS
Activate/Deactivate
Sends Alarm Indication Signal to the
connected local service equipment when
activated.
Loopback
Normal
Local
Normal is no loopback.
Local sets a service side loopback (E3) on the
port.
Remote sets a network side loopback (ATM)
on the port.
See diagram “Loopback Options” on page 5-20
Remote
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
7-59
Configuration
Unstructured E3-3 SAM
Table 7-15: Unstructured E3-3 SAM Alarm Configuration
Network Alarms
Options
Service Alarms
Cell Starvation
Ignore/Major/Minor
LOS
LOF
Ignore/Major/Minor
LOF
AIS
Ignore/Major/Minor
AIS
RDI
Ignore/Major/Minor
RDI
Sequence Errors
Ignore/Major/Minor
Line Code Violation
Excessive SNP Errors
Ignore/Major/Minor
Excessive F-bit Errors
Excessive F-bit Errors
Ignore/Major/Minor
Excessive Parity Errors
Excessive Parity Errors
Ignore/Major/Minor
Excessive FEBE Errors
Excessive FEBE Errors
Ignore/Major/Minor
Follow the sequence below to set network alarms. E3 alarms are set on a port basis with
alarm definitions as shown.
Select System Management ↵
Select Configure ↵
Select Slot with DS3 ↵
Select Port of interest ↵
Select Alarm Configuration ↵
Select Network Alarms ↵
Adjust settings using the spacebar ↵
Select Escape and save settings as desired ↵
Press Service Alarms ↵
Repeat the procedure to set and save Service Alarms ↵
7-60
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
Unstructured E3-3 SAM
Table 7-16: Unstructured E3-3 SAM Network Alarms
Network Alarm
Definition
Cell Starvation
Cell Starvation indicates there are no cells being received from the network side.
LOF
Loss Of Framing indicates that the framing alignment of the signal coming
into the Broadmore 1750 from the ATM side has been lost.
AIS
This alarm indicates an Alarm Indication Signal is being received from the
network side. When a network element receives a loss of signal, it is
supposed to propagate an AIS alarm on its output. If this alarm is active, then
an AIS alarm is being propagated to it. An AIS alarm is a validly framed E3
signal consisting of a repeated 1010 data pattern.
Idle
An idle alarm means that an idle signal (validly framed E3 signal with a
repeated 1100 signal) is being detected on the network side.
RAI
The Remote Alarm Indicator (also known as a Yellow Alarm) is transmitted
by setting the X bits to zero. This particular alarm indicates that a Yellow
alarm has been sent across the ATM network and is being received by this
E3 port. In the E3 port configuration screen, you can select the Network
and Service side RAI as Auto, 1, or 0. Selecting “0” will cause the network
RAI alarm to be activated, if the user has not selected to Ignore it.
FEAC
Far End Alarm and Control Channel.
Sequence Errors
This alarm indicates that frames are out of sequence as they arrive at the E3
port.
Excessive SNP Errors
SNP Errors are errors that occur in the Sequence Number Parity portion of the
E3 frame
Excessive F-bit Errors
The Excessive F-bit Errors alarm is triggered when the E3 port receives
-4
F-bit errors at a rate of 1 x 10
Excessive Parity Errors
The Excessive Parity Errors alarm will be triggered when the E3 port
-4
receives parity errors at a rate of 1 x 10
Excessive C-bit Errors
The Excessive C-bit Errors alarm will be triggered when the E3 port
-4
receives C-bit errors at a rate of 1 x 10
Excessive FEBE Errors
The Excessive FEBE (Far End Block Error) alarm is triggered when the E3
-4
port receives FEBEs at a rate of 1 x 10
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
7-61
Configuration
Unstructured E3-3 SAM
Table 7-17: Unstructured E3-3 SAM Service Alarms
Service Alarm
Definition
LOS
Loss Of Signal indicates that there is no signal being input to the E3 from the
service side.
LOF
Loss of Framing indicates that the framing alignment of the signal coming
into the Broadmore 1750 from the ATM side has been lost.
AIS
This alarm indicates that the E3 port is receiving an Alarm Indication Signal
from the attached equipment. AIS is a validly framed E3 signal consisting
of a repeated 1010 data pattern.
Idle
An idle alarm means that an idle signal (validly framed E3 signal with a repeated
1100 signal) is being detected on the service side.
RAI
The Remote Alarm Indicator (also known as a Yellow Alarm) is transmitted by
setting the X bits to zero. In this instance, the service side equipment is
transmitting the RAI to the E3 port.
FEAC
Far End Alarm and Control Channel.
Line Code Violation
This alarm indicates that a long string of zeros is being received by the E3
port from any attached equipment.
Excessive F-bit Errors
The Excessive F-bit Errors alarm is triggered when the E3 port receives
-4
F-bit errors at a rate of 1 x 10
Excessive Parity Errors
The Excessive Parity Errors alarm will be triggered when the E3 port
-4
receives parity errors at a rate of 1 x 10
Excessive C-bit Errors
The Excessive C-bit Errors alarm will be triggered when the E3 port
-4
receives C-bit errors at a rate of 1 x 10
Excessive FEBE Errors
The Excessive FEBE (Far End Block Error) alarm is triggered when the E3
-4
port receives FEBEs at a rate of 1 x 10
7-62
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
PVC Connection
PVC Connection
Follow the selection process shown below to add a new PVC. The Establish a PVC
Call screen appears for data entry.
Select System Management
Select Configure ↵
Select Configure PVC ↵
Select Insert (shift +:) ↵
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
↵
7-63
Configuration
PVC Connection
Table 7-18: PVC Configuration Items
Item
Definition
Connection Name
Press the space bar to select Connection Name and type a descriptive identifier (For
example, test port 2).
Local Slot
The Local Slot is the chassis slot.
Local Port Number
Port number depends on the configuration.
Local Channel Map
Channel map depends on the configuration. Channel map only applies to the
Structured DS3 SAMs. There is no channel mapping for the Unstructured DS3 or
Unstructured E3, and this value will be displayed as N/A.
VP/VC (Transmit/
Receive)
The maximum settings for VP/VC are allocated using the Max VP/VC feature in
System Services (see “Max VP/VC” on page 7-20). Table 7-1 on page 7-20
shows the valid VP/VC values.
CDV
Cell Delay Variation (CDV) is the difference between the expected arrival time and
the actual arrival time of the next cell. This value is expressed in number of cells.
The value can vary from 0 to 255. An initial value of 80 to 100 cells is
recommended.
The VPI/VCI are locally significant and need to match on both ends of the
PVC. Therefore the VPI/VCI must be provisioned identically on the ATM
switch port.
NOTE:
The transmit and receive VPI/VCI must be configured through
the ATM switch. The procedure for this will vary by switch. Consult the ATM
switch documentation to accomplish this configuration.
7-64
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
SVC Connection
SVC Connection
Follow the selection process shown below to add a new SVC. The Establish a Call
screen appears for data entry as shown below.
Select System Management
Select Configure ↵
Select Configure SVC ↵
↵
From here, use the Insert (or shift:) key to access the input screen below.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
7-65
Configuration
SVC Connection
Item
Definition
Connection Name
Press the space bar to select Connection Name and type a descriptive identifier (For
example, test port 2).
Local Slot
The Local Slot is the chassis slot.
Local Port Number
The Port number depends on the configuration.
Local Channel Map
The Channel map depends on the configuration. Channel map only applies to the
Structured DS3 SAMs. There is no channel mapping for the Unstructured DS3 and
Unstructured E3 SAMs, and this value will be displayed as N/A.
VP/VC (Transmit/
Receive)
The maximum settings for VP/VC are allocated using the Max VP/VC feature in
System Services (see “Max VP/VC” on page 7-20). Table 7-1 on page 7-20
shows the valid VP/VC values.
Destination ATM
Address
Enter the Destination ATM address. To view the ATM Address List, enter?.
Remote Slot
The Remote Slot is the chassis slot of the remote unit.
Remote Port Number
or Tributary
The Remote Port Number or Tributary depends on the configuration.
Remote Channel Map
The Remote Channel Map depends on the configuration.
CDV
Cell Delay Variation (CDV) is the difference between the expected arrival time and
the actual arrival time of the next cell. This value is expressed in number of cells.
The value can vary from 0 to 255. An initial value of 80 to 100 cells is
recommended.
7-66
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
VP Reservation
VP Reservation
NOTE: The functionality described in this section is only available with
Broadmore release 4.6 (or higher). To support this functionality, all ATM
DS3, CBI, HSSI-CBI, OC-3c, or OC-12c modules in the chassis must be
upgraded to the levels released with 4.6 (or higher). Firmware and
instructions are provided on the upgrade CD.
VP Reservation allows you to reserve a block of up to 65,535 virtual channels (VCs)
within a virtual path (VP). With this feature, you can set a VC range on a particular VP
without having to set up all of the VC connections individually. You can define up to
40 VPs for reservation. This feature is available only on the ATM DS3, CBI, and HSSICBI modules.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
7-67
Configuration
VP Reservation
The VP Reservation Table Editor is shown below. Press the Enter key to edit or clear
an existing connection or create a new connection, then follow the on-screen
instructions.
VP Reservation settings are described on the following page.
7-68
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
VP Reservation
Item
Comments
Connection Name
Press the space bar to select Connection Name and type a descriptive
identifier (For example, test port 2).
Local Slot
The Local Slot is the chassis slot.
VP
The range is 0 to one less than the value set for maximum VPs (see “Max
VP/VC” on page 7-20 for valid values). If the Max VP/VC value is set to
2/65536, the VP number must be set to 0; a value of 1 is invalid.
NOTE: A maximum of 40 VPs can be defined for reservation.
VC Start
The default range is 32 to the value set for maximum VCs (see “Max VP/
VC” on page 7-20 for valid values). VC numbers can start at 1 if the VP
is not set to 0.
VC End
The default range is 32 to the value set for maximum VCs (see “Max VP/
VC” on page 7-20 for valid values). VC numbers can start at 1 if the VP
is not set to 0.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
7-69
Configuration
System Configuration
System Configuration
Save Configuration ... 7-70
Restore Configuration ... 7-71
Delete Configuration ... 7-71
Set Power-on Default ... 7-72
Save Card Defaults ... 7-72
Restore Card Defaults ... 7-72
The system configuration is quickly accessed via the configuration files as shown
below. There is a special option to save a configuration for powerup. This configuration
will automatically load with the application of power to the Broadmore 1750 after a
power interruption.
Select Save Configuration to save the current configuration and choose an appropriate
file name when asked. This should be done after each significant configuration change
so that the configuration can be quickly re-established at a later time.
Save Configuration
Follow the selection sequence below to save the current configuration. Enter an
appropriate file name (for example: 17may3pm). This file can then be used to
return to the current system configuration.
Select System Management ↵
Select Configuration Files ↵
Select Save Configuration ↵
7-70
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
System Configuration
Restore Configuration
Select Restore Configuration to restore a previously saved configuration as
shown below.
The Restore Configuration results in the tear-down of all calls, configuration of all
modules, and establishment of all calls found in the named configuration. The UNI
must be UP to restore a configuration file containing one (or more) SVC. Follow
the sequence below to check UNI status. If necessary, configure UNI before
restoring the configuration.
Select System Management ↵
Select Monitor Activity ↵
Select Connections ↵
Select UNI Status ↵
Delete Configuration
Follow the selection sequence below to delete the current configuration. Answer
Yes to the confirmation notice. Use caution as this configuration cannot be restored
once it has been deleted
Select System Management ↵
Select Configuration Files ↵
Select Delete Configuration ↵
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
7-71
Configuration
System Configuration
Set Power-on Default
Select Save Config. for PowerUp to save a particular configuration for system
power-up. Select Save Config. for PowerUp as shown below to retain the current
configuration for PowerUp.
Select System Management ↵
Select Configuration Files ↵
Select Save Config. For PowerUp
↵
Save Card Defaults
Select Save Card Defaults to save the default configuration for the specific card.
Select System Management ↵
Select Configuration Files ↵
Select Save Card Defaults ↵
Select Slot ↵
Select 'Yes' to save the defaults
↵
Restore Card Defaults
Select Restore Card Defaults to restore the default configuration for the specific
card. This selection causes the following actions:
Deletes all existing connections
Reads the configuration file and restores the card port settings
Reads the configuration file again and sets up any SVC/PVCs
Select System Management ↵
Select Configuration Files ↵
Select Restore Card Defaults ↵
Select Slot ↵
Select 'Yes' to restore the card defaults
7-72
↵
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Configuration
Help
Help
The Help main menu item has two pull-down items: About and About Security. Choose
About to obtain the hardware and software version data. This information is important
when contacting customer service. Choose About Security to display the security mode
and software version numbers.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
7-73
Configuration
Help
7-74
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
CHAPTER
8
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
In this Chapter
Statistics ... 8-2
Troubleshooting ... 8-15
Repair/Replacement ... 8-30
General Maintenance ... 8-39
Summary of Front Panel LEDs ... 8-44
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Statistics
Statistics
Chassis Statistics ... 8-2
OC-12c/STM-4c NIM Statistics ... 8-3
Alarm Overview ... 8-4
Slot Statistics for NIM/SAM Cards ... 8-4
24-Hour Statistics ... 8-13
PLOA/AAL5 Statistics ... 8-14
Statistics are available to monitor the Broadmore 1750 operation at the chassis,
individual module, or connection level. Thus, the statistics provide a good initial
indication of performance and a means to isolate any problems that may arise.
Chassis Statistics
Statistics are monitored by following the sequence shown below to view the chassis
statistics shown.
Select System Management
Select Monitor Activity ↵
Select ATM by Chassis ↵
8-2
↵
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
OC-12c/STM-4c NIM Statistics
OC-12c/STM-4c NIM Statistics
Slot statistics provide specific module level information. Follow the sequence below to
select an OC-12c/STM-4c and view the statistics shown on the next page.
Select System Management ↵
Select Monitor Activity ↵
Select Slot statistics ↵
Select OC-12 NIM (slot A shown) ↵
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
8-3
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Alarm Overview
Alarm Overview
When the slot selection screen (below) appears, the last column provides an alarm
overview. This screen is accessed from either the monitor activity or configuration path
and gives an indication for each slot of any major or minor alarm. From Monitor
Activity, select the slot for more detailed alarm information. From Configuration,
select the slot for more detailed alarm configuration information.
Slot Statistics for NIM/SAM Cards
Unstructured DS3 and Unstructured E3 SAM Statistics ... 8-5
Unstructured E3 SAM Statistics ... 8-8
Structured DS3 SAM Statistics ... 8-9
Statistics are maintained for each SAM port. The statistics for each of the ports is
displayed on the following pages.
8-4
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Slot Statistics for NIM/SAM Cards
Unstructured DS3 and Unstructured E3 SAM Statistics
Operational statistics are provided in accordance with RFC 1407. Statistics for the
Unstructured DS3 and Unstructured E3 are shown in separate windows below.
Unstructured DS3 Statistics
For Unstructured DS3 SAMs, the most recent 24 hours of statistical data is
maintained in a separate file. This data is presented in 15-minute increments by
port in spreadsheet format.
Use the following steps to view the Unstructured DS3 SAM statistics
Select System Management ↵
Select Monitor Activity ↵
Select Slot Statistics ↵
Select DS3 slot ↵
Select Port ↵
Select one of the following statistics to view:
* Port Counters
* Port Alarms
* Port Summary
Statistics for the Unstructured DS3 SAM are shown below.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
8-5
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Slot Statistics for NIM/SAM Cards
The alarm display below has two columns to differentiate network and service
errors.
8-6
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Slot Statistics for NIM/SAM Cards
The standard error terms (such as PES for P-Bit Error Seconds) have a preceding
letter, either S or N. The S represents the Service side of the DS3, and the N for the
Network side. The display is divided into two columns, service and network, for
clarity. Definitions are provided below for reference.
Term
Definition
AS
Available Seconds
CCV
C-bit Coding Violation
CES
C-bit Errored Seconds
CSES
C-bit Severely Errored Seconds
LCV
Line Coding Violation
LES
Line Errored Seconds
PCV
P-bit Coding Violation
PES
P-bit Errored Seconds
PSES
P-bit Severely Errored Seconds
SEFS
Severely Errored Framing Seconds
SEQ
Sequence Errors
SNP
Sequence Number parity
UAS
Unavailable Seconds
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
8-7
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Slot Statistics for NIM/SAM Cards
Unstructured E3 SAM Statistics
For Unstructured E3 SAMs, the most recent 24 hours of statistical data is
maintained in a separate file. This data is presented in 15-minute increments by
port in spreadsheet format
Use the following steps to view the Unstructured E3 SAM statistics
Select System Management ↵
Select Monitor Activity ↵
Select Slot Statistics ↵
Select E3 SAM ↵
Select Port ↵
Select one of the following statistics to view:
* Port Counters
* Port Alarms
Statistics for the Unstructured E3 SAM are shown below.
8-8
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Slot Statistics for NIM/SAM Cards
Structured DS3 SAM Statistics
Operational statistics are provided in accordance with RFC 1407. Counters,
alarms, and a summary are shown in separate windows following the sequence
below. For Structured DS3 SAMs, the most recent 24 hours of statistical data is
maintained in a separate file. This data is presented in 15-minute increments by
port in spreadsheet format.
Use the following steps to view the Structured DS3 SAM statistics. Statistics for
the Structured DS3 SAM statistics are shown below.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
8-9
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Slot Statistics for NIM/SAM Cards
Select System Management ↵
Select Monitor Activity ↵
Select Slot Statistics ↵
Select Structured DS3 SAM ↵
Select one of the following statistics to view:
* Port Counters
* Port Alarms
* Tributary Alarms
* Select VP/VC for Statistics Collection
* Connection Counters
8-10
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Slot Statistics for NIM/SAM Cards
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
8-11
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Slot Statistics for NIM/SAM Cards
8-12
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
24-Hour Statistics
24-Hour Statistics
Statistics for the most recent 24-hour period are maintained for DS3 modules. Statistics
for each port are maintained in a file that may be transferred via FTP to a PC and
viewed, using a spreadsheet program such as Microsoft Excel. The files are in the
STATS directory, and named according to the following sequence:
STATS\DS3C1.STA
STATS\DS3C2.STA
STATS\DS3C3.STA
STATS\DS3F1.STA (and so on)
The C1 represents slot C port 1, C2 represents slot C port 2, and F1 represents
slot F port 1.
Statistics are maintained according to the following:
A file is created when a PVC or SVC is activated on a port.
Statistics for a port are not recorded after the associated PVC is released.
Statistics are PVC and SVC dependent. When a PVC or SVC is established on a
port previously in use, the old statistics are moved to a “discard directory” and
new statistics are maintained.
The discard directory only retains statistics for the most recently released PVC or
SVC on any given port.
Use a standard spreadsheet program (such as Excel) to open a statistics file. Adjust the
column widths as necessary to match the printer/paper size in use so that the data may
be displayed on a single sheet of paper.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
8-13
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
PLOA/AAL5 Statistics
PLOA/AAL5 Statistics
Follow the sequence below to select and view the PLOA/AAL5 statistics shown.
Select System Management ↵
Select Monitor Activity ↵
Select PLOA/AAL5 Statistics ↵
8-14
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting
LED Alerts ... 8-15
Error Codes ... 8-16
Redundancy ... 8-16
CPU Sync ... 8-17
Problem Isolation ... 8-18
Port Loopback ... 8-19
Failure Recovery ... 8-21
Alarm Response/Reset ... 8-22
Flowchart ... 8-22
Troubleshooting is the process of isolating the cause of a problem so that corrective
action can be taken. Steps in this process narrow the focus of attention to the problem
area. Documentation at each step in the process provides a valuable aid for further
analysis.
NOTE: The steps below should be completed by a qualified technician.
These steps assume that the technician will follow basic circuit
troubleshooting logic or contact Customer Service when in doubt. Keep
written records for each action taken to aid in re-creation if necessary.
LED Alerts
Front panel LED displays provide alerts by module as summarized in the table on
“Summary of Front Panel LEDs” on page 8-44. Each LED is labeled for identification.
LEDs are basic three-color displays: red, amber, green. The basic LED interpretation
follows accepted practice of green for normal operation; amber for minor alert; and
red for major alert.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
8-15
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Error Codes
Error Codes
The software system will recognize and return both system and setup errors. These
error codes provide troubleshooting clues for the user and Customer Service use in
solving configuration and system errors. If a software error is returned to the display
screen, follow the procedure below:
1. Record the error exactly as it appears on the screen.
2. Complete the troubleshooting flow chart in this chapter to isolate and/or
correct any problem before going to step 3.
3. Contact Customer Service for assistance. Have the error message and other
pertinent information (e.g., system log) readily available.
NOTE: The remainder of this chapter is based upon the assumption that
there are no system or setup software errors. Therefore, it is important to
clear all such errors before proceeding.
Redundancy
The Broadmore 1750 configuration has redundancy that serves to minimize system
downtime. Troubleshooting alerts for redundant components are clearly indicated on
the LEDs as explained below:
Power supply: a problem to either module is indicated by LED and log entry. The
unit can be replaced without impact to system operation.
NIM: a problem will give a fault on the online NIM with log entry and the backup
assumes control so a module replacement can be done without impact to system
operation.
SAM: the 1:N protection SAM in slot P takes over for the faulty unit that can then
be replaced without further impact to system operation. A log entry is also
provided to alert the operator.
CPU Sync: a problem synchronizing files between redundant CPUs (see below).
8-16
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
CPU Sync
CPU Sync
Follow the sequence below to view the CPU synchronization status between redundant
CPUs. This screen shows the progress of a normal CPU Sync and will refresh every
few seconds. The messages usually do not indicate any problem but can be useful if
troubleshooting is required. When a CPU sync is in progress, the screen will list the
number of files remaining and the current file name being synchronized. The files listed
on the left side are those that would inhibit a controlled switchover.
NOTE:
See also “Synchronizing CPU” on page 7-35.
Select System Management
Select Monitor Activity ↵
Select CPU Sync ↵
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
↵
8-17
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Problem Isolation
Problem Isolation
Once you have determined that a problem exists, perform the following steps to isolate
the problem for repair:
1. Check to ensure power is available to all modules.
2. Review the LED displays to determine if any module is in an alarm state.
Evaluate the alarms and isolate the problem to the extent possible.
3. Review the slot configuration and look at the individual ports. Evaluate any
information to further isolate the problem.
Select System Management
Select Monitor ↵
Select Slot ↵
Select the slot of interest ↵
Select individual ports ↵
Observe Data
↵
4. Check wiring to ensure connected equipment cables are properly installed and
secured. Do not assume the problem is internal to the Broadmore 1750.
5. Check module(s) Configuration from the System Management pull-down
menu. Choose the slot of interest and verify that the configuration is correct for
each port.
6. Use loopbacks (below) to pinpoint circuit connectivity problems.
7. Use the flowcharts that follow to pinpoint hardware problems.
8-18
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Port Loopback
Port Loopback
The loopback function is the primary troubleshooting aid for isolation of circuit
connectivity problems, both internal and external to the Broadmore 1750. Loopback is
available on both the NIM and SAM. There are three loopback options on each SAM
module, four on each NIM, see Figure 8-1. These loopbacks are set as a card
configuration function (see “Module Configuration” on page 7-37 for details).
Loopbacks provide a means to verify that circuit paths are functioning correctly. For
example, setting the SAM remote loopback, will take user equipment transmit data
(Tx) and send it to user equipment receive data (Rx). If a check of the user equipment
indicates good Tx and Rx, the problem is not between the SAM and user equipment but
somewhere else in the circuit. This logic can then be extended through the entire circuit
until problems are isolated and corrected.
The NIM has four loopback options:
1. Normal: no loopback.
2. Local: The user equipment data is looped back after processing by the SONET
circuitry on the NIM.
3. Remote: The ATM network data is looped back before passing through the
NIM
4. Terminal: The user equipment data is looped back after passing through the
NIM framer, but before the Line Interface Unit, LIU.
CAUTION! THE TERMINAL OPTION IS RESERVED FOR CARRIER
ACCESS ENGINEERS AND SHOULD NOT BE USED.
The SAM has three loopback options:
1. Normal state is no loopback.
2. Remote: user equipment data is looped back after passing through the SAM
LIU.
3. Local: ATM network data is looped back to the network after local processing
by the NIM but before passing through the SAM LIU to user equipment.
These loopback options are shown graphically on the next page. The top view shows a
simple circuit without any loopbacks. The middle view shows NIM loopbacks breaking
the circuit connectivity. SAM loopbacks are shown in the following figure.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
8-19
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Port Loopback
CAM 7665
Broadmore
User Equipment
Tx
ATM Network
NIM
SAM
Rx
Normal
Normal -- No
NoLoopbacks
Loopback
Broadmore
CAM 7665
User Equipment
Tx
ATM Network
NIM
SAM
Rx
NIM Remote, Local, and Terminal
NIM Remote,
Local and Terminal
Loopbacks
Loopbacks
Broadmore
CAM 7665
User Equipment
Tx
ATM Network
NIM
SAM
Rx
SAM Local and Remote
Loopbacks
SAM Remote and Local Loopbacks
Figure 8-1: Loopback Options
8-20
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Failure Recovery
Failure Recovery
Failure recovery is the sequence of events necessary to bring the Broadmore 1750 back to
fully operational status after an unexpected service interruption. Throughout the recovery
process, specific problems should be corrected following the troubleshooting flowchart (see
Figure 8-2). The steps in failure recovery are:
1. Ensure sufficient stable electrical power is available to both the Broadmore 1750 and
the control station. Observe successful completion of POST.
2. Establish communications from the control station to the Broadmore 1750. Login and
view alarm LEDs. Correct all hardware problems before proceeding.
3. The Broadmore 1750 will automatically load the configuration that was saved for
power-up. PVC and originated SVC connections will be re-established to the ATM
backbone. Far-end originated SVCs must be re-established from the far end. Alternate
previous system configurations may be loaded if they were saved. This is
accomplished following the sequence below.
Select System Management ↵
Select Configuration Files ↵
Select the saved file to restore ↵
4. Monitor activity for individual slots and for the ATM connection.
5. Verify configuration of the NIM(s). Validate parameter settings with the ATM switch
if in doubt. Check the timing options and other parameters. Change as necessary to
eliminate any errors.
6. Verify configuration of the installed SAMs. Monitor individual slots.
7. Monitor activity for the ATM connection. Select individually defined circuits to edit
or connect and monitor the respective port.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
8-21
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Alarm Response/Reset
The failure recovery process is a logical sequence of events to restore connectivity.
With monitoring and corrective action at each step, the process includes:
Providing power to the Broadmore 1750 and control station
Establishing connectivity between the Broadmore 1750 and control station
Loading the Broadmore 1750 configuration
Establishing ATM connectivity
Establishing individual circuit connectivity
Alarm Response/Reset
Alarms are designed into the Broadmore 1750 to provide the initial indication of a
communications problem and to help isolate the problem. For example, a major alarm
from a SAM identifies the specific module that will focus response efforts. The
following flowchart approach to troubleshooting is based upon the initial alarm
indication. The alarm response is a three-step process:
1. Troubleshoot to isolate the cause.
2. Complete corrective action to eliminate the alarm condition.
3. Return system to full operation and document the events.
Alarms are designed as real-time alerts. Thus, elimination of the alarm condition will
automatically reset the associated alarm.
Flowchart
The top-level troubleshooting flowchart is shown on the below. LED indicators are the
basis for entry into the flowchart, which will lead to the most likely problem(s) and
recommended solution(s). The control system alarm indication can also be used as an
entry point. In either case, use of this flowchart provides a logical approach to
troubleshooting in the event that a problem is encountered.
CAUTION! SOME STEPS IN THE FOLLOWING FLOWCHART MAY
CAUSE DISRUPTION IN SERVICE.
8-22
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Flowchart
Start
Loss of Power
Indication?
Yes
Check Cables/
Power Source/
Fuses & Repair
No
Overtemp Alarm ?
Yes
Inspect/replace/repair
Fan Tray Assembly
Yes
Major Alarm ?
No
APM Alarm ?
Yes
1
No
Minor Alarm ?
No
Yes
2
No
NIM Alarm ?
Yes
Major Alarm ?
Yes
3
No
Minor Alarm ?
Yes
4
No
No
SAM Alarm ?
Yes
Major Alarm ?
Yes
5
No
No
Minor Alarm ?
Return to Normal
Operation
Yes
6
No
Figure 8-2: Troubleshooting Flowchart Based On LEDs
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
8-23
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Flowchart
From 1
NIM Major Alarm?
Yes
Use loopbacks to verify
alarm condition
Check following most likely
causes/correct as necessary:
-equipment cable connectors
-NIM configuration
-reseat NIM module
-replace NIM module
Alarm Clears?
Yes
1B
No
No
1A
CPU Failure ?
Yes
Reset CPU from front
panel switch
Alarm Clears ?
Yes
1B
No
No
SAM Major Alarm?
Yes
Check following most likely causes/
correct as necessary:
-cable connector to CPU/CPU I/O
-reseat CPU/CPU I/O modules
-replace CPU
No
Alarm Clears ?
1A
Yes
1B
Yes
1B
No
Review Alarm
Summary and System
log- gather all pertinent
info and call Customer
Service
1A
-Use loopbacks to isolate
-Check equipment cables
-Check configuration
-Reseat module
-Replace module
Alarm Clears ?
No
1B
1A
Return to
1
A P M M a jo r A la r m T r o u b le s h o o tin g F lo w c h a r t
Figure 8-3: APM Major Alarm Troubleshooting Flowchart
8-24
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Flowchart
From 2
NIM Minor Alarm?
Yes
Use loopbacks to isolate problem
Check following most likely causes/correct as necessary:
-equipment cable connectors
-connected equipment operating normal
-reseat NIM and NIM I/O
-coordinate with distant end for AIS or loss of active
service access channel as problem may be external
Alarm Clears?
Yes
No
2A
No
SAM Major Alarm?
Yes
-Use loopbacks to isolate circuit
-Check equipment cables
-Check configuration
-Reseat module
-Replace module
Alarm Clears ?
Yes
No
No
2A
Review Alarm Summary and
System log- gather all pertinent info
and call Customer Service
2B
Return to
2
Figure 8-4: APM Minor Alarm Troubleshooting Flowchart
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
8-25
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Flowchart
From 3
Use loopbacks to isolate
alarm condition
Alarm Internal?
Yes
Check following most likely
causes/correct as necessary:
-equipment cable connectors
-NIM configuration
-reseat NIM module
-replace NIM module
Alarm Clears?
Yes
No
No
Contact distant end have them start
troubleshooting
LOS-check Fiber
LOF/LOP/LOCD check Sync
Alarm Clears ?
Alarm Clears?
Yes
Yes
3B
No
3A
No
3A
Review Alarm Summary and
System log- call Customer
Service with pertinent information
3B
Return to
3
Figure 8-5: NIM Major Alarm Troubleshooting Flowchart
8-26
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Flowchart
From 4
Use loopbacks to isolate
alarm condition
Alarm Internal?
Yes
Check following most likely
causes/correct as necessary:
-equipment cable connectors
-NIM configuration
-reseat NIM module
-replace NIM module
Alarm Clears?
Yes
No
No
RDI check alarms at far end and
transmitter AIS-disable unused
service channels or those not
provisioned.
Contact distant end have them start
troubleshooting
Alarm Clears ?
Alarm Clears?
Yes
Yes
4B
No
4A
No
4A
Review Alarm Summary and
System log- call Customer
Service with pertinent information
4B
Return to
4
Figure 8-6: NIM Minor Alarm Troubleshooting Flowchart
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
8-27
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Flowchart
From 5
Use loopbacks to isolate
alarm condition
Alarm Internal ?
Yes
Ckeck most likely causes as
necessary
-SAM configuration
-Reseat module
-cable connections
-replace SAM
Alarm Clears ?
Yes
No
No
Contact Distant end
- have them
commence
troubleshooting
Reset Connected
Equipment
Alarm Clears ?
Yes
5B
Alarm Clears ?
Yes
No
5A
No
Review Alarm Summary
and System Log
- call Customer Service with
pertinent information
5B
Return to
5
Figure 8-7: SAM Major Alarm Troubleshooting Flowchart
8-28
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Flowchart
From 6
Use loopbacks to
isolate alarm condition
Alarm Internal?
Yes
Check most likely
causes as necessary
-Port configuration
-reseat module
-cable connections
-replace SAM
Alarm clears ?
Yes
No
No
Define actions to
correct most probable
causes
Contact distant end have them commence
troubleshooting
Alarm Clears ?
Yes
6 B
Alarm clears ?
Yes
No
No
6A
Review Alarm Summary
and System Log- call
Customer Service with
pertinent information
6B
Return to
6
Figure 8-8: SAM Minor Alarm Troubleshooting Flowchart
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
8-29
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Repair/Replacement
Repair/Replacement
Power Supply ... 8-31
NIM Replacement ... 8-32
SAM Replacement ... 8-33
IOM Replacement ... 8-34
CPU Replacement ... 8-35
CPU IOM Replacement ... 8-36
Fan Replacement ... 8-36
Integrated Fan/Alarm Module Replacement ... 8-37
Fan Filter Cleaning and Replacement ... 8-39
All repair/replacement actions should be accomplished by a qualified technician
familiar with the Broadmore 1750 system. The majority of repairs involve
troubleshooting and the replacement of a module or card.
WARNING! USE ESD PRECAUTIONS: WEAR AN ESD GROUNDING
STRAP WHILE HANDLING ANY CARDS OR ACCESSING THE INSIDE OF THE
BROADMORE 1750. FAILURE TO FOLLOW ESD PROCEDURES MAY
DAMAGE SENSITIVE COMPONENTS AND VOID THE WARRANTY.
CAUTION! MODULE REMOVAL AND INSERTION – ON A POWERED-UP
SYSTEM, WAIT AT LEAST 15 SECONDS AFTER ANY MODULE REMOVAL OR
INSERTION TO ALLOW THE SYSTEM TO STABILIZE. FAILURE TO FOLLOW THIS
PROCEDURE MAY RESULT IN SYSTEM ERRORS REQUIRING TOTAL SYSTEM
REBOOT. WHEN INSTALLING A REPLACEMENT CPU IN A REDUNDANT CPU
SYSTEM, DO NOT REBOOT OR POWER DOWN THE SYSTEM BEFORE CPU
SYNCHRONIZATION IS COMPLETE AS INDICATED BY A SOLID STATUS LIGHT.
8-30
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Power Supply
Power Supply
The Broadmore 1750 receives –48 VDC power at the chassis rear from a user-provided
source. Repair/replacement of this source is external to the scope of this manual.
Optionally, the Broadmore 1750 may be configured with a dual AC power supply.
When an AC power source is used, the following steps are required to repair/replace a
power supply module. The power supply is usually mounted directly below the
Broadmore 1750. The power supply design facilitates module replacement without any
wiring or power disruption.
1. Ensure that a replacement module is available.
2. Identify the problem module by front panel indicator that will not be
illuminated and a software alarm will be received at the control station.
Additionally, the integrated fan/alarm module front panel will give a no-power
indication (from green to off) for the defective module.
3. Turn the power switch off for the defective power module. Loosen the front
panel screws and remove the defective module by pulling it straight out the
front. Fully insert the replacement module, ensuring proper alignment. Turn
the power switch on and the front panel should display green. The power
modules are hot-swappable. This replacement will not impact Broadmore 1750
operation due to the built-in redundancy feature.
4. Tighten the front panel retainer screws to hold the new module in place.
5. Contact Customer Service and return the defective module for repair.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
8-31
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
NIM Replacement
NIM Replacement
There are no field repairable items on a NIM. In a redundant configuration,
replacement of a NIM will not impact user ATM network connectivity. In a single NIM
configuration, all ATM connectivity will be disrupted during card replacement. Follow
the steps below to replace a NIM.
1. Ensure that a replacement module is available.
2. Remove the chassis front cover. The Broadmore 1750 retains power;
individual NIMs may be removed/replaced without power disruption to other
modules.
3. Remove the fiber connection and loosen retaining screws at the top and bottom
of the NIM to be replaced.
4. Use the installed ejectors to unseat the NIM from the midplane. This is done
by simultaneously pushing up on the top ejector and down on the bottom
ejector.
5. Remove the defective NIM by pulling it straight out the front.
6. Insert the replacement NIM, ensuring correct alignment with the card guides
and midplane connector.
7. Firmly press the new NIM into place so that it is fully seated with the midplane
connector. Tighten both retaining screws (finger tight only) and install the fiber
connection.
8. The new NIM will automatically configure to the last known configuration of
the slot where installed. In a single NIM system (non-redundant), originated
SVCs and PVCs will be re-connected per the current connection list. The far
end must originate the re-connection of incoming SVCs. Monitor activity for
the ATM connection to ensure proper operation
9. Replace the chassis front cover.
10. Return the defective NIM for repair. Contact Customer Service for a Return
Material Authorization (RMA) number and detailed procedures.
8-32
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
SAM Replacement
SAM Replacement
There are no field repairable items on a SAM. All user equipment connected to the
defective SAM will lose ATM connectivity during replacement. Equipment connected
via other SAM(s) will not have an ATM service disruption. Follow the steps below to
replace a SAM:
1. Ensure that you have a replacement module.
2. Remove the chassis front cover. The Broadmore 1750 retains power;
individual SAM cards may be removed/replaced without service disruption to
other modules.
3. Loosen retaining screws at the top and bottom of the SAM to be replaced.
4. Use the installed ejectors to unseat the SAM from the midplane. This is done
by simultaneously pushing out on the ejectors.
5. Remove the defective SAM by pulling it straight out the chassis front.
6. Insert the replacement SAM, ensuring correct alignment with the card guides
and midplane connector.
7. Firmly press the new SAM into place so that it is fully seated with the midplane
connector. Tighten both retaining screws (finger tight only). The new card
configuration will be identical to the last configuration for the installed slot.
8. Replace the chassis front cover.
9. Return the defective SAM for repair. Contact Customer Service for an RMA
number and procedures.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
8-33
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
IOM Replacement
IOM Replacement
There are no field repairable items on an IOM. All user equipment connected to the
defective IOM will lose ATM connectivity during replacement. Equipment connected
via other IOM(s) will not have an ATM service disruption. Follow the steps below to
replace an IOM:
1. Ensure that you have a replacement module.
2. Remove the chassis rear cover. The Broadmore 1700 CABB retains power;
individual IOM cards may be removed/replaced without service disruption to
other modules.
3. Remove and tag the cables on the IOM to be replaced.
4. Loosen retaining screws at the top and bottom of the IOM to be replaced.
5. Use the installed ejectors to unseat the IOM from the midplane. This is done
by simultaneously pushing out on the ejectors.
6. Remove the defective IOM by pulling it straight out the chassis.
7. Insert the replacement IOM, ensuring correct alignment with the card guides
and midplane connector.
8. Firmly press the new IOM into place so that it is fully seated with the midplane
connector. Tighten both retaining screws (finger tight only). The new card
configuration will be identical to the last configuration for the installed slot.
9. Reconnect the cables to the IOM.
10. Replace the chassis rear cover.
11. Return the defective IOM for repair. Contact Customer Service for an RMA
number and procedures.
8-34
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
CPU Replacement
CPU Replacement
CAUTION!
WHEN INSTALLING A REPLACEMENT CPU IN A REDUNDANT
CPU SYSTEM, DO NOT REBOOT OR POWER DOWN THE SYSTEM BEFORE CPU
SYNCHRONIZATION IS COMPLETE AS INDICATED BY A SOLID STATUS LIGHT.
NOTE:
Each CPU card has a battery that should be replaced
periodically. See Appendix B, Spare Parts List for part number information.
There are no field-repairable items on the CPU card. In a single CPU system, there will
be a disruption of system control and administration during card replacement. In a
redundant CPU system, user PVCs through the ATM network remain intact during
replacement of a CPU. In a single CPU system, the CPU will reboot and all PVC
service is interrupted. Follow the steps below to replace a CPU Card.
1. Ensure that you have a replacement module.
2. Remove the chassis front cover.
3. Loosen retaining screws at the top and bottom of the CPU card to be replaced.
The Broadmore 1750 retains power; the CPU card may be removed/replaced
without service disruption to other modules.
4. Use the installed ejectors to unseat the CPU card from the midplane. This is
done by simultaneously pushing up on the top ejector and down on the bottom
ejector.
5. Remove the defective CPU card by pulling it straight out chassis front.
6. Insert the replacement CPU card, ensuring correct alignment with the card
guides and midplane connector.
7. Firmly press the new CPU card into place so that it is fully seated with the
midplane connector. Tighten both retaining screws (finger tight only).
NOTE:
The new CPU card will come configured. Any necessary updates
will be announced.
8. Replace the chassis front cover.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
8-35
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
CPU IOM Replacement
9. Return the defective CPU card for repair. Contact Customer Service for an
RMA number and detailed procedures.
CPU IOM Replacement
There are no field-repairable items on the CPU IOM. This module does contain a
unique part of the Ethernet address such that the Broadmore 1750 system must be
alerted to the module change in order to restore service. Only replace the standby CPU
or CPU IOM on a redundant system. This will ensure correct programming of the IP,
CIP, LANE and ATM address information.
1. Ensure that you have a replacement CPU IOM with remote reboot jumpers set
correctly.
2. Follow the CAMMI sequence on the next page to signal CPU IOM removal.
3. Loosen top and bottom retaining screws, use ejectors to unseat the module, and
pull it straight out to remove.
4. Insert the replacement CPU IOM, ensuring alignment with the guides and
midplane connector. Tighten both retaining screws (finger tight only).
5. Return the defective CPU IOM for repair. Contact Customer Service for an
RMA number and detailed procedures.
Fan Replacement
There are no field-repairable items on the fan tray assembly. The air filters are
removable for routine cleaning. Removal and replacement of the fan assembly will not
impact normal Broadmore 1750 operations. This replacement should be completed
quickly to avoid possible overheating of Broadmore 1750 components. Follow the
steps below to replace the fan assembly.
1. Ensure that you have a replacement fan tray assembly.
2. Loosen retaining screws on both sides of the fan assembly to be replaced.
3. Remove the defective fan assembly from below the chassis by pulling it
straight out.
4. Insert the replacement fan assembly, ensuring alignment in the side guides.
8-36
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Integrated Fan/Alarm Module Replacement
5. Firmly press the new fan assembly into place so that it is fully seated. Tighten
both retaining screws (finger tight only).
6. Return the defective fan assembly for repair. Contact Customer Service for an
RMA number and procedures.
Integrated Fan/Alarm Module Replacement
The integrated fan/alarm module has two replaceable fuses. Follow the steps below to
replace a fuse.
1. Fuses and spares are located on the integrated fan/alarm module IOM accessed
from the chassis rear. Remove the rear cover to access the fuses.
2. Blown fuses are removed by pulling directly out.
3. Remove a spare fuse by pulling directly out. Insert the replacement fuse(s) in
reverse to the one(s) removed.
4. Obtain replacement spare fuse(s) locally. Use only 7.5 Amp (Bussman part #
GMT7.5) or equivalent.
CAUTION! FUSES ARE ONE-TIME USAGE ITEMS. IF THE FUSE BLOWS
A SECOND TIME, CIRCUIT DAMAGE MAY BE MORE EXTENSIVE, AND IT MAY
BE NECESSARY TO DISCONNECT POWER TO THE ENTIRE BROADMORE
1750 CHASSIS AND REPLACE THE INTEGRATED FAN/ALARM MODULE.
ALL CIRCUITS WILL EXPERIENCE A DISRUPTION DURING INTEGRATED
FAN/ALARM MODULE REPLACEMENT.
Follow the steps below to replace an integrated fan/alarm module.
1. Ensure that a replacement module is available.
2. Remove the chassis front cover.
3. Loosen retaining screws at the top and bottom of the integrated fan/alarm
module card to be replaced.
4. Use the installed ejectors to unseat the integrated fan/alarm module card from
the midplane. This is done by simultaneously pushing up on the top ejector and
down on the bottom ejector.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
8-37
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Integrated Fan/Alarm Module Replacement
5. Remove the defective integrated fan/alarm module card by pulling it straight
out the chassis front.
6. Insert the replacement integrated fan/alarm module, ensuring correct
alignment with the card guides and midplane connector.
7. Firmly press the new integrated fan/alarm module into place so that it is fully
seated with the midplane connector. Tighten the retaining screw (finger tight
only).
8. Replace the chassis front cover.
9. Return the defective integrated fan/alarm module for repair. Contact Customer
Service for an RMA number and procedures.
8-38
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
General Maintenance
General Maintenance
Fan Filter Cleaning and Replacement ... 8-39
Maintenance/Diagnostics ... 8-40
Engineering Analysis ... 8-42
The Broadmore 1750 is designed to provide continuous service with minimal
maintenance provided operational conditions remain within specifications. Cooling
fans are included in the Broadmore 1750 to aid in heat dissipation. The fan tray has two
air filters, one on each fan. Complete the fan filter cleaning procedure below on a
monthly basis, or more often if the filters are excessively dirty. It is not necessary to
power down the Broadmore 1750 for this routine maintenance.
Fan Filter Cleaning and Replacement
1. Loosen screws and remove the chassis front cover.
2. Loosen screws and remove the fan tray by pulling on the Center handle.
3. Remove the fan filters from the bottom of the tray. Each filter snaps out of
place.
4. The filters are re-usable. Wash them in a mild soapy solution, clean
thoroughly, and dry completely. Additional filters may be obtained from the
manufacturer, Globe Motors (part # FFM745) or Customer Service. Filters
may be replaced with new ones.
5. Snap the filters back into place.
6. Re-install the fan tray, being careful to align it in the guides provided. Ensure
the fans are operating properly, then tighten the screws to hold the fan tray in
place.
7. Replace the chassis front panel and secure retaining screws.
NOTE:
This is the only routine maintenance required for the Broadmore
1750.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
8-39
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Maintenance/Diagnostics
Maintenance/Diagnostics
CAMMI provides access to several maintenance and test functions under the
Maintenance/Diagnostics main menu. These items are explained below.
View System Log provides a historical record of events, such as configuration,
establishing a PVC, or other action that affects service. Messages are filtered by
privilege level. All messages are displayed at the Supervisor level, many of which can
only be interpreted by Carrier Access engineers.
Environmental Indicators will display the current status of power, fan, and BITS
clocks. This display, shown below, does not indicate fan removal.
8-40
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Maintenance/Diagnostics
Bandwidth Utilization displays the amount of bandwidth being used, the remaining
bandwidth available, and the percentage used. This can be recalculated by pressing 'R'
when the screen displays.
Reset to Defaults allows you to reset the Broadmore 1750 to the factory defaults
settings.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
8-41
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Engineering Analysis
Engineering Analysis
There are several options under the Maintenance/Diags. menu reserved for use by
Carrier Access engineers. A brief description is provided to aid in understanding the
system. These commands should only be used in close coordination with Carrier
Access engineers.
Card Specific Functions leads to individual card diagnostics where you Peek and
Poke various information fields.
System Test runs a preconfigured test and displays statistical results. The Asserts
option will activate additional software traps to provide more detailed information.
Check Free CPU Memory will display the free memory available as shown below.
This is valuable information for coordination with Carrier Access engineers.
Download Manager is used to download new software. Instructions are provided with
any new software distributed.
8-42
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Engineering Analysis
Reboot System reboots the CPU and uses the system setting in place prior to the
reboot. This option is necessary when downloading new software revisions or changing
your system’s IP address. The changes you make to system settings will not take effect
until you reboot.
Save Connection Table will preserve the current connection data in a text file format
so that it can be viewed using any standard text editor.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
8-43
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Summary of Front Panel LEDs
Summary of Front Panel LEDs
The following table provides descriptions of the front panel LEDs for the Broadmore
1750.
Module
LED Display
LED Color
Definition
APM
Major Alarm
Red
Major fault for 2.5 seconds
Minor Alarm
*Over Temp
None
No major alarm
Amber
Minor alarm for 2.5 seconds
Not Lit
No minor alarm
Red
* Not supported at this time.
Not Lit
Power
Green
-48 volts power is present
Not Lit
No power present
Power Fail A/B
Red
Fault
Red
Not Lit
NIM
On-Line
SAM
Amber
Minor alarm detected for 2.5 seconds
Green
Normal, no fault condition
Red-flashing
NIM failed POST, not ready
Amber
NIM passed POST and in standby
Green
NIM is online, normal
LOS
Red
Loss of Signal
Green
Acceptable optical receive power for 10 seconds
Fault
Red
Major alarm detected for 2.5 seconds
On-line
Alarm
8-44
Major alarm detected for 2.5 seconds
Amber
Minor alarm detected for 2.5 seconds
Green
Normal, no fault condition
Not Lit
Out of service
Red
SAM failed POST, not ready
Amber
offline or standby
Green
Normal, no fault condition
Red
Major
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Summary of Front Panel LEDs
Module
CPU
LED Display
LED Color
Definition
Amber
Minor
Green
Normal, enabled
Not Lit
Out of service
Master
Green
online as master
Amber
Standby
On-line Activity
Amber
Normal activity
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
8-45
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Summary of Front Panel LEDs
8-46
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
CHAPTER
9
Command Line Interface
In this Chapter:
CLI Access ... 9-2
Creating and Running Scripts ... 9-4
Port Configuration ... 9-6
Monitor ... 9-8
About Command ... 9-9
Command Line Interface
CLI Access
CLI Access
The Command Line Interface (CLI) provides much the same functional control of the
Broadmore 1750 as the CAMMI program. CLI commands are entered as text. The
command prompt displays the current location from the cascading menu structure that
parallels CAMMI. Therefore, a working knowledge of CAMMI makes navigation
through CLI easier.
NOTE:
Use CAMMI for administrative features such as changing
passwords or identifying new users.
Use the following steps for CLI Access.
1. Log into the Broadmore 1750 operating system, pSoS, using a valid user name
and password.
NOTE:
At this point, you can type ‘help’ to view a list of commands. You
can also type ‘help command’ to obtain help on any of the listed commands.
2. At the 1750> prompt, type ‘cli’ and press enter. The prompt changes to cli> for
successful access to the CLI program.
NOTE:
The security mode and user privilege level determines the CLI
commands available to each operator.
3. Type ? and press enter at any prompt to display the available commands, both
general and for the current command level.
General commands apply at all levels.
quit: exits the CLI program
up: moves up one level in the command structure
clear: removes data from the screen except the last line, which is
displayed at the top of the screen
Enter commands that are not case sensitive as they appear when viewed using the ?
query. The spelling must be correct.
9-2
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Command Line Interface
CLI Access
Example:
At the cli > prompt, enter ? to display a list of available commands. At this point,
the level commands are:
sys
maintain
about
General commands are:
up
clear
quit
? (help)
The level commands correspond with the CAMMI main menu except for the
administrative function, which is not implemented in CLI.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
9-3
Command Line Interface
Creating and Running Scripts
Creating and Running Scripts
To reduce the time required to configure one or more Broadmores, you can script a
series of CLI commands that can be saved to a file, uploaded to the Broadmore, and
executed as needed.
You can use a text editor or a terminal emulation program to create a script file. For
example, using a terminal emulator such as Symantec Procomm®, you can perform the
following steps to create a script and save it to a file.
A script file must meet the following requirements:
Each command must begin on a new line.
Comments or unused configuration settings must begin with a semicolon (;).
When the Broadmore’s script interpreter encounters a semicolon, all remaining
text on the line is ignored.
The file must be named as follows:
filename.scp
See Appendix G for a list of Broadmore commands.
NOTE:
Do not use the following command in a script:
showi
This command is “show interactive” for the system log and requires user
input. If necessary, use the show command instead.
9-4
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Command Line Interface
Creating and Running Scripts
To upload and run a script file:
1. Log in to the Broadmore using FTP or SFTP. See “FTP Login” on page 10-21
or “SFTP Login” on page 11-43 for instructions.
2. Using your FTP or SFTP software, upload the script file to the script directory
on the Broadmore’s online CPU.
3. Log into the Broadmore’s operating system using a valid user name and
password. At the 1750> prompt, enter the following command:
runscript filename
NOTE:
On a redundant Broadmore, you must also load and run the
script file on the standby CPU.
After you issue the runscript command, the script interpreter switches to the CLI>
prompt and executes all commands from the script file in sequence. Each command is
displayed as if you were manually entering it during a normal session.
If the script interpreter encounters an error, it continues to attempt to interpret each
successive line until it can execute a valid command. If no valid commands can be
executed before the end of the file, review the error displayed to resolve the problem.
It is recommended that all logs be reviewed after at least the first time a script is
executed to ensure that the script performed as intended.
NOTE:
Depending upon the load on the Broadmore’s CPU, you may
need to insert delays between some commands in a script. For example,
when using a ‘deleteall’ command, you may need to insert a delay before
attempting to reconfigure the same resources. You may also need delays
when configuring a large number of PVCs in a row. Depending upon
system load, delays of up to 30 seconds may be necessary between some
script commands. To insert a delay between script commands, use the
following command:
sleep(n)
where n = 1 to 30 seconds.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
9-5
Command Line Interface
Port Configuration
Port Configuration
This example shows how to use CLI to configure a DS3 port. Follow the steps below
from the initial CLI screen to access the configuration items. The steps shown below
must be entered in sequence one-at-a-time. CLI does not support going directly to the
last screen via a single entry (e.g., a single entry of sys/config/slot/c/port1/
configoperation/show will give an error for unrecognized entry).
Each parameter can be revised. For example, to change the port name to “DS3Port”,
you would enter:
Port name
9-6
DS3 port
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Command Line Interface
Port Configuration
Then type show and press Enter to see that the change has taken effect.
Note that the above general commands have two additional items: cancel and save. The
normal way to leave any screen is to enter up, which takes you to the previous
command level. However, this is not allowed on this screen because configuration data
has been altered. This data must be either discarded (cancel) or retained (save) before
proceeding.
The command cardstatus will display a list of all Broadmore 1750 slots with the
module installed. Cardstatus is available when you are in either of the following
command levels:
cli/sys/config/slot
cli/sys/monitor/slot
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
9-7
Command Line Interface
Monitor
Monitor
Use Monitor to display system operation statistics. The CLI command string to monitor
and show port counters is displayed below. Note that an additional command, reset, is
available. Reset will zero all counters. This was done as the first command in the
display below.
9-8
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Command Line Interface
About Command
About Command
The About command, accessed from the initial CLI> prompt will provide information
about each slot, including:
Type module
Module serial number
Hardware revision
Software revision
The information displayed is tailored for the type of module. This information is
particularly valuable when contacting Customer Service.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
9-9
Command Line Interface
About Command
9-10
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
10
CHAPTER
Security Management
In this Chapter:
Security Features ... 10-2
Security Guidance ... 10-3
Logging In ... 10-5
Log-in Banner ... 10-6
System Clock ... 10-7
Network Time Protocol ... 10-8
Managing Users and Audit Trails ... 10-10
IP ICMP Messages ... 10-17
SNMP Messages ... 10-18
Shell Commands (Non-FIPS Mode) ... 10-19
FTP Login ... 10-21
Security Management
Security Features
Security Features
The Broadmore provides the following security features:
User ID and password authentication
Four levels of user privileges for accessing command functions
Configuration activity audit trails
Enable/disable SNMP and ICMP messages
SNMPv3 USM/VACM
Log-in Banner for special user instructions
Only the Network Administrator (SuperUser) can create and modify user accounts, set
access privileges, and monitor user activity audit trails. The Broadmore requires that
users log into the Broadmore through Telnet and FTP.
NOTE:
Be sure to use the appropriate fonts and screen settings to
maintain the proper screen appearance.
10-2
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management
Security Guidance
Security Guidance
Receipt and Inspection – Broadmore components containing operating system
software are packaged and sealed at the factory with tamper-proof security tape.
Upon receipt, carefully examine the security sealing tapes on the shipping
containers for any signs of tampering. (See “Receipt” on page 3-2.)
Security – Broadmore components containing operating system software (CPU
modules, memory modules, and storage media) should be handled in accordance
with applicable security procedures.
Initial Login – The Broadmore is shipped with a default username and password
for logging in the first time. A SuperUser should log in the first time to configure
the Broadmore for secure operation.
For maximum security, perform the following steps:
(1) configure IP access (via ethernet, LANE, or CIP)
(2) create a temporary SuperUser account
(4) delete the public SYSADMIN account and log out
(5) after logging in securely, you can safely create user accounts and configure
the Broadmore for secure operation.
Security Modes – The Broadmore is shipped with security turned off. Only a
SuperUser can change the FIPS and SecurID modes. If these security modes are
required, see next chapter.
Potential Security Vulnerabilities
(1) The Broadmore accepts loose source routed IP packets, so it is recommended
that source routed packets be dropped on routers and firewalls. (See
manufacturer’s instructions.)
(2) The Broadmore RS-232 COM 1 serial port used for “Craft Access” does not
immediately terminate a management session if a user disconnects without typing
“exit”. During the following timeout period, another user can connect without
logging into the RS-232 port and other users are denied access through the
ethernet port. It is recommended that all accounts be created with “Remote
Access” only, except for one failsafe SuperUser account with “Craft Access.”
The craft password should be stored safely in the NOC. When needed, the
SuperUser can log into the craft port, fix things, change the password, log out,
and store the new password back in the NOC.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
10-3
Security Management
Security Guidance
System Clock – The system clock is used to time stamp all events recorded in the
system log and user audit log. To set the system clock, see “System Clock” on
page 10-7.
User Administration – The Broadmore authenticates users by identification and
role-based access privilege levels and maintains an audit trail activity log. Only
a SuperUser can assign users and access levels, set the minimum number of
characters required for user names and passwords (user ID rules), and clear the
system log. The security officer must ensure that all users change their passwords
periodically in accordance with local security practice.
(1) It is recommended that passwords be changed at least once every 6 months.
Users must be instructed to use a random combination of all the usable characters
for passwords.
(2) It is recommended that all users, access privileges, and role assignments be
reviewed periodically or whenever a personnel termination, transfer, or role
change occurs.
Audit Trails – Audit trails must be enabled for FIPS mode.
The cryptographic module provides a system log and user audit log. The audit log
(audit.txt) records user actions while the system log (sys.log) records system
events and configuration changes.
A SuperUser has access to pSOS shell commands that can overwrite the system
and audit log files. This misuse of shell commands to corrupt the audit trail is
strictly prohibited and removes the Broadmore from the evaluated configuration.
It is recommended that user audit trails be examined periodically in accordance
with local security practice to determine if the Broadmore is being accessed by
unauthorized users or during nonstandard hours, or if the configuration is being
accessed or altered in an inappropriate manner. For example, every third
consecutive attempted login failure produces an entry in the system log.
10-4
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management
Logging In
Logging In
The following example uses the Windows telnet client software.
To log into the Broadmore:
1. Open a telnet window.
2. Type in the Hostname and Username. The Hostname is the IP address of the
Broadmore, and the Username is admin.
3. Select Keyboard Interactive from the Primary pull-down menu in the
Authentication panel.
4. Click Connect.
NOTE:
For initial system installation, the factory default user name is
SYSADMIN and the password is INITIAL. To ensure network security, a
network administrator (SuperUser) must create new user names and
passwords. See “Managing Users and Audit Trails” on page 10-10.
5. When Broadmore user login message displays, type the Login and Password.
You will need to press Enter after each.
After successfully logging into the Broadmore user’s list, the Broadmore
command prompt displays.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
10-5
Security Management
Log-in Banner
Log-in Banner
The Broadmore provides the ability to insert a customizable banner that will appear
when a user logs in. The banner is a simple way to provide special instructions to the
user. A SuperUser can implement this feature by using ftp or SFTP to download a
banner text file, named banner.txt, to the Broadmore cam directory. When a shell
login is requested, the contents of the banner file (if any) will be dumped to the screen
just ahead of the login prompt, as in the following example.
10-6
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management
System Clock
System Clock
The Broadmore CPU system clock provides the time and date stamp used for system
logs, events, and audit trails. A SuperUser must set the system clock either manually
after powering up the Broadmore or configure the Broadmore to use a network timing
source (see “Network Time Protocol” on page 10-8).
Select Set System Time from the Administration menu. Then set the Month, Day, Year,
Hour, and Minute to the correct values. When finished, press Escape and select Yes to
change the system clock.
NOTE:
Changing the system clock is an event recorded in the system
log (see “System Log” on page 10-15).
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
10-7
Security Management
Network Time Protocol
Network Time Protocol
The Broadmore CPU system clock provides the time and date stamp used for system
logs, events, and audit trails. A SuperUser must set the system clock either manually
after powering up the Broadmore (see “System Clock” on page 10-7) or configure the
Broadmore to use a network time source as described below. The Broadmore uses
Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP), which is an Internet standard for periodically
synchronizing the system clocks connected to an IP network.
If the clock uses the NTP source, the system clock will be automatically synchronized
to the NTP source when power is reapplied to the Broadmore.
Select NTP from the Administration menu. Then set the following parameters to the
desired values. When finished, press Escape and select Yes to accept the changes.
10-8
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management
Network Time Protocol
Item
Options
Comments
SNTP
Enable, Disable
When enabled, the Broadmore system clock will be
synchronized to the network time source.
NTP Server IP
The IP address of the primary network time source.
Server Port
0 to 32767
Timeout (sec)
1 to 100
Aux NTP Server
IP
The time to wait for a response from the primary
network time source.
The IP address of the auxiliary network time source, to
be used if a request to the primary network time source
exceeds the timeout period.
Aux Server Port
0 to 32767
Aux Timeout (sec)
1 to 100
The time to wait for a response from the auxiliary
network time source.
Poll Interval
1 hr, 8 hr, 1 day, 1 week
Determines how often the Broadmore will request an
update from the NTP source. The default is 1 week.
Time Zone
GMT or specific zone
The default is Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) but you
can choose among 24 international time zones.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
10-9
Security Management
Managing Users and Audit Trails
Managing Users and Audit Trails
User ID Rules ... 10-10
Change User ID ... 10-11
User Audit Trails ... 10-13
User ID Rules
A SuperUser can set the minimum allowable number of characters in user names and
passwords by selecting User ID Rules from the Administration menu.
From this menu, select the Username or Password and enter the required minimum
number of characters.
10-10
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management
Change User ID
Change User ID
The Change User ID menu allows a SuperUser to add, delete, and modify user IDs.
(Any user can change their own password using the Change Password menu.)
Adding a User
Enter the following information for each user that is added.
Item
Options
Comments
User ID
A unique user identifier
Password/
Password
A unique password for the user and a second password
field to confirm
Privilege
BROWSER
OPERATIONS
SYS_ADMIN
SUPER_USER
The level of user access. See “User
Configuration” on page 7-23.
Craft Access
Enable, Disable
Access through the serial port on the front of the CPU.
Remote Access
Enable, Disable
Access through telnet, secure shell login, ftp or secure
ftp.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security
10-11
Security Management
Change User ID
Deleting a User
After you select the user to be deleted, a confirmation message appears. Select Yes
to delete the user, or No to exit without making any changes.
Modifying a User
After you select the user to be modified, enter the appropriate information in the
10-12
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management
User Audit Trails
Modify User fields. See “Adding a User” on page 10-11 for more information on
the individual fields.
User Audit Trails
NOTE:
It is recommended that audit trails remain disabled until
deployment of the Broadmore with the anticipated “power up” configuration
is complete. This prevents the audit logging of numerous initial installation
configuration changes. Only a SuperUser can enable or disable this
function or use shell commands to access the audit file.
Only a SuperUser can enable or disable this function or use shell commands to access
the audit files.
Audit Trails protect a Broadmore by providing traceability of who performed
procedures on the unit, what procedures were performed, and when they took place.
The Broadmore local audit trail logs changes to configuration parameters and user
logins.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
10-13
Security Management
User Audit Trails
NOTE:
The audit file is located in the cam directory. The craft port will
allow cat, head, or tail commands in the non-FIPS mode.
NOTE:
Audit files can be up to 200k bytes, with the most recent data
being located at the end of the file. Use the tail command to display the end
of the file. For detailed examination, it is best to upload the file via FTP.
To display the audit file, at the Broadmore > prompt, enter the following commands:
cd cam ↵
tail audit.txt ↵
An example of the output is provided below.
User audit files record the following information for each user action:
date
time
online CPU (Q or R) or standby CPU (q or r)
user name
event type
short description of the event
Once the audit.txt file is full, the file is automatically closed, the name is changed
to audit_o.txt, in case a SuperUser wants to access the old file via FTP. A new file
is then opened named audit.txt and new data is written to that file.
10-14
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management
User Audit Trails
Deleting Audit Trails
A user can delete the contents of the system log by using the CAMMI
(Maintenance/Diags, View System Log, Delete command) or the
corresponding CLI command. However, this only deletes the events that can
be viewed by their access level.
Archiving Audit Trails
A SuperUser can archive the audit.txt and audit_o.txt files using an FTP
client to copy the files to another computer or storage device. After logging in
with FTP, navigate to the cam directory and locate the audit.txt and audit_o.txt
files.
System Log
The system log file sys.log is a circular file that contains a recent history of
system users, events, and alarms. Old records are overwritten by new records.
The log file identifies the currently active CPU and any user currently logged
into the Broadmore. All users can use the CAMMI interface to view those
system events permitted by their access role (see “Maintenance and
Troubleshooting” on page 8-1). Only a SuperUser can copy or delete the
sys.log file. After logging in using an FTP client, navigate to the cam directory
and locate the sys.log file. The system log can be deleted and archived in much
the same way as the audit log files.
For example, the SuperUser can delete the sys.log file by using the del shell
command, as in the following example.
cd cam ↵
del sys.log ↵
Rather than using FTP, a SuperUser can also display or delete the system log
through the Command Line Interface.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
10-15
Security Management
User Audit Trails
To display the system log, log into the Broadmore and enter the following
commands at the Broadmore prompt:
cli ↵
maintain ↵
systemlog ↵
showi ↵
You can then navigate through the system log by following the instructions
appearing at the bottom of the window.
To delete the system log, enter clearlog instead of showi.
10-16
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management
IP ICMP Messages
IP ICMP Messages
You can use the Internet Control Message Protocol selection to enable or disable all
ICMP messages for Internet Protocols such as ping or echo. Disabling ICMP is a
common defense against denial-of-service attacks using ping floods.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
10-17
Security Management
SNMP Messages
SNMP Messages
You can use the SNMP Properties selection to enable or disable SNMP messages. The
Broadmore supports older SNMP v1 and v2, as well as newer SNMPv3 protocols. You
have the option to disable only SNMPv1 and v2 messages, or all SNMP messages.
Only a SuperUser or SysAdmin can access or change these properties (see “SNMP
Properties” on page 12-3).
Select System Management
Select Configure ↵
Select System Services ↵
Select SNMP Configure ↵
Select SNMP Properties ↵
10-18
↵
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management
Shell Commands (Non-FIPS Mode)
Shell Commands (Non-FIPS Mode)
Shell commands are UNIX-like commands provided by the embedded pSOS operating
system. Command syntax is available using the “help” command. Authorized Access
to each command is based on the user privilege level.
FIPS Mode
The Broadmore is shipped with FIPS mode security turned off. A SuperUser can use
the fipsmode shell command to enable FIPS mode operation (see “Security
Management (FIPS Mode)” on page 11-1).
Authorized Access to Shell Commands
The following table lists the authorized commands available to each access privilege
level when operating in non-FIPS mode.
User ID →
↓ Authorized Services
Super_User
Sys_Admin
Operations
cmp
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cp
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del
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•
•
•
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arp
cammi (start GUI interface)
cat
cd
cli
dir
du
echo
fipsmode
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
•
Browser
•
•
•
10-19
Security Management
Authorized Access to Shell Commands
User ID →
↓ Authorized Services
head
help
ifconf
ls
md
mem
mkdir
move
mv
netstat
ping
pwd
rd
resetSecurID
resetSecurIDIp
rm
rmdir
route
savert
scp
selftest
setbaud
setenv
settimeout
setwrite
sigmem
sshdSessionShow
sshdShow
tail
10-20
Super_User
Sys_Admin
Operations
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Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management
FTP Login
User ID →
↓ Authorized Services
Super_User
Sys_Admin
•
•
•
touch
zeroize
Operations
Browser
FTP Login
Users can login using ftp to access Broadmore administrative functions over IP.
To log in to the Broadmore:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Open your ftp program. The Connect window opens.
Enter the IP address of the Broadmore.
Enter the Username: SYSADMIN (the username is case sensitive).
Enter the Password: (example) jsmith – the default password for new
installations is INITIAL (passwords are case sensitive).
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
10-21
Security Management
FTP Login
10-22
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
11
CHAPTER
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
In this Chapter:
Security Features ... 11-2
Security Guidance ... 11-3
Authentication and Identification ... 11-6
Authorized Services ... 11-7
Key Management ... 11-8
Logging In ... 11-9
Log-in Banner ... 11-13
System Clock ... 11-14
Network Time Protocol ... 11-15
Changing Security Modes ... 11-17
User Administration and Audit Trails ... 11-26
Shell Commands (FIPS Mode) ... 11-34
SFTP Login ... 11-43
SecurID Features ... 11-49
Residual Data and Memory Volatility ... 11-50
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Security Features
Security Features
This release of the Broadmore includes the Broadmore/SSHield Management Module,
which is a FIPS 140-2 validated software-only module that meets the security
requirements of Federal Information Processing Standard PUB 140-2. The Broadmore/
SSHield Management Module enables the secure operation and control of the
Broadmore’s ATM configuration parameters via a command line interface (CLI) or
menu based interface (CAMMI). TeamF1’s SSHield provides security by means of the
SSH (IETF SECSH) protocol to ensure that network connections are secure.
A detailed description of the Broadmore security features are provided in the
“Broadmore/SSHield Management Module Version 4.0 Security Policy” available at
the following web sites:
http://www.carrieraccess.com/support/ under the Broadmore documents
http://csrc.nist.gov/cryptval/ under the Validation Lists
When the FIPS Security option is enabled on the Broadmore, the following security
features are available:
RSA SecurID® authentication (optional, see “SecurID Features” on page 11-49)
Private management data paths using SSHield for CLI/CAMMI sessions and
Secure File Transfer Protocol (SFTP)
Configuration activity audit trails
Zeroize command for decommissioning one or both CPUs
Enabling FIPS mode security disables FTP and Telnet access. Users must log in using
secure client replacements such as SecureCRT® and SecureFX®. A secure terminal
emulator is required to enter a secure Broadmore system. Although many secure
terminal emulators are available, SecureCRT is recommended.
NOTE:
Be sure to use the appropriate fonts and screen settings to
maintain the proper screen appearance.
11-2
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Security Guidance
Additional security-relevant features include:
Enable/disable SNMP and ICMP messages
SNMPv3 USM/VACM
Log-in Banner for special user instructions
Security Guidance
Receipt and Inspection – Broadmore components containing FIPS 140-2
validated software are packaged and sealed at the factory with tamper-proof
security tape. Upon receipt, carefully examine the security sealing tapes on the
shipping containers for any signs of tampering. (See “Receipt” on page 3-2.)
Security – Broadmore components containing FIPS 140-2 validated software
(CPU modules, memory modules, and storage media) should be handled in
accordance with applicable security procedures.
Initial Login – The Broadmore is shipped with a default username and password
for logging in the first time. A SuperUser (Crypto Officer) should log in the first
time to configure the Broadmore for secure operation.
For maximum security, perform the following steps:
(1) configure IP access (via ethernet, LANE, or CIP)
(2) install security keys
(3) create a temporary SuperUser account
(4) delete the public SYSADMIN account
(5) enable FIPS mode and reboot the system
(6) after logging in securely, you can safely create user accounts and configure
the Broadmore for secure operation.
Security Modes – The Broadmore is shipped with security turned off. Only a
SuperUser can change the FIPS and SecurID modes (see “Changing Security
Modes” on page 11-17).
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
11-3
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Security Guidance
Potential Security Vulnerabilities
(1) Disabling fipsmode deletes existing user access accounts and cryptographic
keys and reverts the Broadmore to the factory default SuperUser ID and
password, which can deny management access and compromise security. No one
can log in till the Broadmore is rebooted. It is recommended that the fipsmode be
changed only during initial setup and decommissioning.
(2) The Broadmore accepts loose source routed IP packets, so it is recommended
that source routed packets be dropped on routers and firewalls. (See
manufacturer’s instructions.)
(3) The Broadmore RS-232 COM 1 serial port used for “Craft Access” does not
immediately terminate a management session if a user disconnects without typing
“exit”. During the following timeout period, another user can connect without
logging into the RS-232 port and other users are denied access through the
ethernet port. It is recommended that all accounts be created with “Remote
Access” only, except for one failsafe SuperUser account with “Craft Access.”
The craft password should be stored safely in the NOC. When needed, the
SuperUser can log into the craft port, fix things, change the password, log out,
and store the new password back in the NOC.
Initialization and Verification – When the Broadmore is powered up in the
FIPS mode, the FIPS 140-2 validated software will perform a self-test to verify
software integrity and cryptographic functions. To verify that the Broadmore is
operating in FIPS mode, see “Help About Security” on page 11-17.
Key Management – A DSA private hosts key is required for SSH2 connection
to the Broadmore. A default key is provided for use in initializing the Broadmore
after installation at the customer site. The SuperUser should change this key
before making the Broadmore operational and change it periodically in
accordance with local security practice.
System Clock – The system clock is used to time stamp all events recorded in the
system log and user audit log. To set the system clock, see “System Clock” on
page 11-14.
11-4
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Security Guidance
User Administration – The Broadmore authenticates users by identification and
role-based access privilege levels and maintains an audit trail activity log. Only
a SuperUser can assign users and access levels, set the minimum number of
characters required for user names and passwords (user ID rules), and clear the
system log. The security officer must ensure that all users change their passwords
periodically in accordance with local security practice.
(1) It is recommended that passwords be changed at least once every 6 months.
Users must be instructed to use a random combination of all the usable characters
for passwords.
(2) It is recommended that all users, access privileges, and role assignments be
reviewed periodically or whenever a personnel termination, transfer, or role
change occurs.
Audit Trails – Audit trails must be enabled for FIPS mode.
The cryptographic module provides a system log and user audit log. The audit log
(audit.txt) records user actions while the system log (sys.log) records system
events and configuration changes.
A SuperUser has access to pSOS shell commands that can overwrite the system
and audit log files. This misuse of shell commands to corrupt the audit trail is
strictly prohibited and removes the Broadmore from the evaluated configuration.
It is recommended that user audit trails be examined periodically in accordance
with local security practice to determine if the Broadmore is being accessed by
unauthorized users or during nonstandard hours, or if the configuration is being
accessed or altered in an inappropriate manner. For example, every third
consecutive attempted login failure produces an entry in the system log.
Decomissioning and Sanitizing – The zeroize command is not intended for
normal operational use. It is intended as a security measure (per FIPS 140-2
requirements) to allow a SuperUser to completely remove all security-sensitive
data that may be required before decommissioning a CPU. Turning off FIPS
mode will erase Critical Security Parameters (CSPs) but does not erase the FIPS
validated operating software. For additional information on sanitizing the
equipment, see “Residual Data and Memory Volatility” on page 11-50.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
11-5
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Authentication and Identification
Authentication and Identification
The cryptographic module supports distinct operator roles and enforces the separation
of these roles using identity-based operator authentication that requires a Username and
Password, and optional SecurID.
The SecurID option has no effect on FIPS 140-2 compliance. When SecurID is
enabled, operators must also enter a SecurID token before they can gain access to the
Broadmore. The SecurID token is a number that may be constant or change every
minute, and it is verified by an RSA Authentication Manager deployed at the customer
site.
A username and password are always required to log in, whether or not SecurID is
enabled. The mandatory username is an alphanumeric string of characters whose
minimum length can be set by the Security Officer. The password is a string of
characters from the 94 printable and human-readable characters whose length can be
set by the Crypto Officer.
Passwords be changed at least once every 6 months and that users be instructed to use
a random combination of all the usable characters for passwords.
Upon successful authentication, the role and privilege level are selected based on the
identity (username) of the operator. At the end of a session, the operator should log off,
though the user is automatically logged off after a configurable period of inactivity.
Role
Privilege Level
Authorized Functions
User
Browser
User is able to look at most all data plane information but is not able to
affect anything. To protect security data, no file access is permitted.
This role cannot access the security settings.
Operations
User is able to perform data plane configurations, such as defining
PVCs, SVCs, configuring service card parameters. To protect security
data, no file access is permitted under this privilege level. This role
cannot access the security settings.
SysAdmin
User is able to perform global configuration operations such as
redundancy. To protect security data, no file access is permitted. This
role cannot access the security settings.
SuperUser
This role is required to manage system accounts, use SFTP, and alter
security settings. Only users at this privilege level may turn FIPS
mode on or off.
Crypto
Officer
11-6
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Authorized Services
Authorized Services
The following table lists the authorized services available to each privilege level.
User ID →
↓ Authorized Services
SecureCRT (SSH2 terminal client)
SecureFX (SSH2 SFTP client)
Change User ID
Change own password
System Services
Connection Retry
Establish connections
Delete connections
Configure modules
Maintenance/Diagnostics
View System Log
Environmental Indicators
Boot/Reboot system or card
Card diagnostics
System test
Check free CPU memory
View configuration statistics
Security management including user
accounts, audit trail, and zeroizing
Change Files using shell commands
Super_User
Sys_Admin
Operations
Browser
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NOTE:
For a complete list, see “Authorized Access to Shell Commands” on
page 11-41.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
11-7
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Key Management
Key Management
A DSA private hosts key is required for SSH2 connection to the Broadmore.
Default DSA Key
During manufacture, a default host_dsa key file is placed in the /SSHD directory of the
Broadmore CPU. This default key is intended only for use in initializing the Broadmore
after installation at the customer site and should be changed by the SuperUser (Crypto
Officer) before making the Broadmore operational.
NOTE:
The DSA hosts key can only be replaced by the SuperUser while
the Broadmore is in the FIPS mode.
Generating DSA Key Pairs
DSA keys can be generated on a UNIX or Windows host, using key generation utilities
provided as a part of the ssh clients/server software of various vendors.
OpenSSH provides ssh-keygen to generate DSA keys on a UNIX or Windows host.
The ssh-keygen program can be downloaded from the URL
http://www.openssh.org.
The following example shows how to generate the host_dsa key on a UNIX host or on
a Windows PC running Cygwin.
$ ssh-keygen -t dsa -f host_dsa -N "" -C <comments>
Installing the DSA Key
With the Broadmore in FIPS mode, the SuperUser can use an SSH2 client (such as
SecureFX) to log into the Broadmore/SSHield module and install the host_dsa key in
the /SSHD directory on the Broadmore CPU.
NOTE:
After installing the DSA key, the Broadmore must be rebooted in
order for the change to take effect.
11-8
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Logging In
Logging In
NOTE:
If FIPS mode is currently turned off, you must follow the nonFIPS mode instructions for “Logging In” on page 10-5.
Broadmore units are shipped from the factory with SecurID turned off and FIPS mode
turned off. After logging into the Broadmore, the Crypto Officer can configure the
Broadmore to use SecurID, if desired.
Using both SecurID and FIPS mode with the Broadmore provides a two-stage login.
First, users log in using RSA SecurID. Then they can log into the Broadmore/SSHield
Management Module.
Logging in with SecurID Disabled
The following example uses SecureCRT as the secure client software.
To log into the Broadmore:
1. Open SecureCRT. The Quick Connect window opens.
2. Select ssh2 from the Protocol pull-down menu.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
11-9
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Logging in with SecurID Disabled
3. Type in the Hostname and Username. The Hostname is the IP address of the
Broadmore, and the Username is the Broadmore user name.
4. Click Connect.
5. When the Broadmore Login message appears, type in the Login and Password.
You will need to press Enter after each. (The factory defaults for the initial
installation are SYSADMIN and INITIAL.)
After successfully logging in, the Broadmore command prompt displays.
11-10
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Logging in with SecurID Enabled
Logging in with SecurID Enabled
The following example uses SecureCRT as the secure client software.
To log into the RSA SecurID server:
1. Open SecureCRT. The Quick Connect window opens.
2. Select ssh2 from the Protocol pull-down menu.
3. Type in the Hostname and Username. The Hostname is the IP address of the
Broadmore, and the Username is the SecurID user name that is configured on
the RSA SecurID server with a token assigned to it.
4. Select Keyboard Interactive from the Primary pull-down menu in the
Authentication panel.
5. Click Connect.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
11-11
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Logging in with SecurID Enabled
The Keyboard Interactive Authentication opens.
6. Type in the SecurID passcode, and click OK.
7. After successfully logging into SecurID, the Broadmore login displays.
8. Type the Login and Password. You will need to press Enter after each. (The
factory defaults for the initial installation are SYSADMIN and INITIAL.)
After successful login, the Broadmore command prompt appears.
11-12
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Log-in Banner
Log-in Banner
The Broadmore provides the ability to insert a customizable banner that will appear
when a user logs in. The banner is a simple way to provide special instructions to the
user. A SuperUser can implement this feature by using ftp or SFTP to download a
banner text file, named banner.txt, to the Broadmore cam directory. There is no limit
to the size of this file. When a shell login is requested, the contents of the banner file
(if any) will be dumped to the screen just ahead of the login prompt, as in the following
example.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
11-13
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
System Clock
System Clock
The Broadmore CPU system clock provides the time and date stamp used for system
logs, events, and audit trails. A SuperUser must set the system clock either manually
after powering up the Broadmore or configure the Broadmore to use a network timing
source (see “Network Time Protocol” on page 11-15).
Select Set System Time from the Administration menu. Then set the Month, Day, Year,
Hour, and Minute to the correct values. When finished, press Escape and select Yes to
change the system clock.
NOTE:
Changing the system clock is an event recorded in the system
log (see “System Log” on page 11-32).
11-14
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Network Time Protocol
Network Time Protocol
The Broadmore CPU system clock provides the time and date stamp used for system
logs, events, and audit trails. A SuperUser must set the system clock either manually
after powering up the Broadmore (see “System Clock” on page 11-14) or configure the
Broadmore to use a network time source as described below. The Broadmore uses
Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP), which is an Internet standard for periodically
synchronizing the system clocks connected to an IP network.
If the clock uses the NTP source, the system clock will be automatically synchronized
to the NTP source when power is reapplied to the Broadmore.
Select NTP from the Administration menu. Then set the following parameters to the
desired values. When finished, press Escape and select Yes to accept the changes.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
11-15
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Network Time Protocol
Item
Options
Comments
SNTP
Enable, Disable
When enabled, the Broadmore system clock will be
synchronized to the network time source.
NTP Server IP
The IP address of the primary network time source.
Server Port
0 to 32767
Timeout (sec)
1 to 100
Aux NTP Server
IP
The time to wait for a response from the primary
network time source.
The IP address of the auxiliary network time source, to
be used if a request to the primary network time source
exceeds the timeout period.
Aux Server Port
0 to 32767
Aux Timeout (sec)
1 to 100
The time to wait for a response from the auxiliary
network time source.
Poll Interval
1 hr, 8 hr, 1 day, 1 week
Determines how often the Broadmore will request an
update from the NTP source. The default is 1 week.
Time Zone
GMT or specific zone
The default is Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) but you
can choose among 24 international time zones.
11-16
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Changing Security Modes
Changing Security Modes
Help About Security ... 11-17
Enabling FIPS Mode ... 11-18
Disabling FIPS Mode ... 11-20
Enabling SecurID ... 11-21
Disabling SecurID ... 11-24
IP ICMP Messages ... 11-24
SNMP Messages ... 11-25
Only a Crypto Officer (SuperUser) can change the security modes. The Broadmore is
shipped from the factory with FIPS mode and SecurID turned off. The security modes
can only be changed after successfully logging into the Broadmore while operating in
the current mode configuration (see “Logging In” on page 11-9).
Help About Security
Any user, regardless of security level, can use this command. Selecting Help About
Security from the main menu will display the current FIPS mode setting and the version
numbers of the security software included in the Broadmore.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
11-17
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Enabling FIPS Mode
Item
Comments
FIPS Mode Active
Broadmore is in FIPS 140-2 validated operating mode
Security inactive;
non-FIPS mode
Broadmore is not in FIPS approved operating mode
FIPS Lib Rev
Version of FIPS Library.
SSHield
Version of SSHield software
Built
Build date of SSHield software
Enabling FIPS Mode
Only a Superuser (Crypto Officer) can change the security modes. The Broadmore
is shipped from the factory with FIPS mode turned off. The security mode can only
be changed after successfully logging into the Broadmore for the first time, by
performing the following steps.
1. Log into the online CPU (Broadmore primary IP address) with a conventional
terminal emulator such as Telnet (see “Logging In” on page 10-5).
2. Enable FIPS mode by entering the following command at the Broadmore
prompt:
fipsmode on ↵
3. Set the session timeout for the Broadmore craft port by entering the following
command:
settimeout <hh:mm:ss> ↵
Example: settimeout 00:05:00 sets the timeout to 5 minutes.
The current value can be displayed by entering settimeout by itself.
NOTE:
11-18
The SSH session timeout is fixed at 5 minutes.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Enabling FIPS Mode
4. Reboot the Broadmore for the change to take effect by entering the following
commands at the Broadmore prompt:
cli ↵
maintain ↵
redundancy ↵
cpu ↵
rebootstandby ↵
releasecpu ↵
NOTE:
The above command sequence reboots the standby CPU (if any)
and then the online CPU. In a redundant system, both CPUs must be
rebooted into the FIPS mode. Rebooting the online CPU will terminate the
current management session. After reboot, the previous standby CPU will
normally become the online CPU. It may take several minutes for the ARP
tables in the network to refresh before you can log into the online CPU.
5. Verify that the Broadmore is in FIPS mode by logging in with an SSH terminal
emulator such as SecureCRT (see “Logging In” on page 11-9). If you must use
Telnet, the Broadmore is not in FIPS mode.
6. Start up the CAMMI interface by entering the following command at the
Broadmore prompt:
cammi ↵
7. After logging in, also verify that the Broadmore is in FIPS mode by observing
that the CAMMI Help / About Security screen shows that FIPS mode is active
(see “Help About Security” on page 11-17).
8. Select Administration / User ID Rules and set the username and password
minimum length values (see “User ID Rules” on page 11-26).
NOTE:
The Broadmore will only enforce the minimum length values
when creating new user accounts. Old accounts are not affected. The
Superuser (Crypto Officer) must ensure that all user accounts meet FIPS
140-2 requirements.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
11-19
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Disabling FIPS Mode
Disabling FIPS Mode
Only a Superuser (Crypto Officer) can change the security modes. The security
mode can only be changed after successfully logging into the Broadmore, then
performing the following steps.
CAUTION! DISABLING FIPSMODE WILL DELETE EXISTING USER
ACCESS ACCOUNTS AND CRYPTOGRAPHIC KEYS AND REVERT THE
BROADMORE TO THE FACTORY DEFAULT SUPERUSER ID AND
PASSWORD, WHICH CAN DENY MANAGEMENT ACCESS AND COMPROMISE
SECURITY. NO ONE CAN LOG IN REMOTELY TILL THE BROADMORE IS
REBOOTED.
1. Log into the online CPU (Broadmore primary IP address) with a secure SSH
terminal emulator such as SecureCRT (see “Logging In” on page 11-9).
2. Disable FIPS mode by entering the following shell command at the Broadmore
prompt:
fipsmode off ↵
3. Reboot the Broadmore for the change to take effect by entering the following
commands at the Broadmore prompt:
cli ↵
maintain ↵
redundancy ↵
cpu ↵
rebootstandby ↵
releasecpu ↵
NOTE:
The above command sequence reboots the standby CPU (if any)
and then the online CPU. In a redundant system, both CPUs must be
rebooted into the non-FIPS mode. Rebooting the online CPU will terminate
the current management session. After reboot, the previous standby CPU
will normally become the online CPU. It may take several minutes for the
ARP tables in the network to refresh before you can log into the online CPU.
11-20
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Enabling SecurID
4. Log into the Broadmore using a conventional terminal emulator such as Telnet
(see “Logging In” on page 10-5).
5. Start up the CAMMI interface by entering the following command at the
Broadmore prompt:
cammi ↵
6. Verify that the Broadmore is not in FIPS mode by observing that the CAMMI
Help / About Security screen shows that FIPS mode is inactive.
Enabling SecurID
NOTE:
SecurID is only available when FIPS mode is turned on (see
“Enabling FIPS Mode” on page 11-18). Only the online CPU can be accessed
when SecurID is enabled.
Only a Superuser (Crypto Officer) can change the security modes. The Broadmore is
shipped from the factory with SecurID turned off. The security mode can only be
changed after successfully logging into the Broadmore while in its current security
mode.
SecurID requires that the Broadmore CPUs be set up for use with a SecurID server.
Each CPU must be set up one at a time. In a redundant system, one CPU must be
temporarily removed while the other is being set up.
SecurID requires the following:
RSA SecurID server version 5.0 or higher
SSH terminal emulator, such as SecureCRT
SFTP software, such as SecureFX
Ethernet connection to both CPUs
1. If the Broadmore has two CPUs, remove the CPU that is not on line.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
11-21
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Enabling SecurID
Setting up the first CPU
2. Using an SSH terminal emulator, log into the online CPU and ensure that the
Broadmore is operating in FIPS mode (see “Help About Security” on
page 11-17). If FIPS mode is not enabled, follow the procedure in “Enabling
FIPS Mode” on page 11-18 to turn on FIPS mode and then reboot the
Broadmore.
3. On the SecurID server, create an Agent Host for the Broadmore and a
sdconf.rec file.
4. Using SFTP software, put the sdconf.rec file into the securid directory of the
Broadmore’s online CPU.
5. Using the CAMMI Administration / Security menu, select SecurID and press
the space bar choose Enable. Select SecurID Interface and press the space bar
to choose Ethernet. (See figure below.)
6. If the step 5 was successful, the first CPU is set up correctly and you are ready
to use SecureID with that CPU. If step 5 was not successful, do not proceed
until the problem is fixed.
11-22
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Enabling SecurID
Item
Options
Comments
SecurID
Enable, Disable
This feature is described in the Carrier Access RSA
SecurID Ready Implementation Guide for the
Broadmore 500, 1700, and 1750. This guide also
describes how to manipulate the security options in the
“sdopts.rec” file.
SecurID IP
Interface
No change,
IP, LANE, CIP
If you choose “no change,” any pre-existing sdopts.rec
file will not be affected. If no sdopts.rec file exists, the
system will default to ethernet IP. If you choose
another option, the system will create an sdopts.rec file
with your selection.
Setting up the second CPU
7. Using SFTP software, get the following three files from the secureid directory
for use in setting up the second CPU: sdconf.rec, secret, and sdopts.rec.
8. Remove the first CPU and insert the second CPU into the chassis.
9. Using an SSH terminal emulator, log into the second CPU and ensure that the
Broadmore is operating in FIPS mode (see “Help About Security” on
page 11-17). If FIPS mode is not enabled, follow the procedure in “Enabling
FIPS Mode” on page 11-18 to turn on FIPS mode and then reboot the
Broadmore.
10. Using SFTP software, put the three files (copied in step 7) into the secureid
directory of the second CPU: sdconf.rec, secret, and sdopts.rec.
11. Using the CAMMI Administration/Security menu, select SecurID and press
the space bar choose Enable. Select SecurID Interface and press the space bar
to choose Ethernet.
12. Log out and log back in using your SecurID credentials.
13. If the proceeding step was successful, you can now insert both CPUs.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
11-23
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Disabling SecurID
Disabling SecurID
NOTE:
SecurID is only available when FIPS mode is turned on (see
“Enabling FIPS Mode” on page 11-18). Only the online CPU can be accessed
when SecurID is enabled.
Only a Superuser (Crypto Officer) can change the security modes. The Broadmore is
shipped from the factory with SecurID turned off. The security mode can only be
changed after successfully logging into the Broadmore while in its current security
mode.
1. Using the CAMMI Administration / Security menu, select SecurID and press
the space bar choose Disable.
2. The next time you log into the Broadmore, you will not have to provide any
SecurID credentials.
IP ICMP Messages
You can use the Internet Control Message Protocol selection to enable or disable all
ICMP messages for Internet Protocols such as ping or echo. Disabling ICMP is a
common defense against denial-of-service attacks using ping floods.
11-24
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
SNMP Messages
SNMP Messages
You can use the SNMP Properties selection to enable or disable SNMP messages. The
Broadmore supports older SNMP v1 and v2, as well as newer SNMPv3 protocols. You
have the option to disable only SNMPv1 and v2 messages, or all SNMP messages.
Only a SuperUser or SysAdmin can access or change these properties (see “SNMP
Properties” on page 12-3).
Select System Management
Select Configure ↵
Select System Services ↵
Select SNMP Configure ↵
Select SNMP Properties ↵
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
↵
11-25
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
User Administration and Audit Trails
User Administration and Audit Trails
User ID Rules ... 11-26
Change User ID ... 11-27
User Audit Trails ... 11-30
User ID Rules
A SuperUser can set the minimum allowable number of characters in user names and
passwords by selecting User ID Rules from the Administration menu.
From this menu, select the Username or Password and enter the required minimum
number of characters. These values must be set to at least 6 characters to satisfy FIPS
140-2 security requirements.
NOTE:
The Broadmore will only enforce the minimum length values
when creating new user accounts. Old accounts are not affected. It is up to
the Superuser (Crypto Officer) to ensure that all user accounts meet FIPS
140-2 security requirements.
11-26
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Change User ID
Change User ID
The Change User ID menu allows a SuperUser to add, delete, and modify user IDs.
NOTE:
After logging in, any user can change their own password using
the Change Password menu.
Adding a User
Enter the following information for each user that is added.
Item
Options
Comments
User ID
A unique user identifier
Password/
Password
A unique password for the user and a second password
field to confirm
Privilege
BROWSER
OPERATIONS
SYS_ADMIN
SUPER_USER
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
The level of user access. See “User
Configuration” on page 7-23.
Security
11-27
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Change User ID
Item
Options
Comments
Craft Access
Enable, Disable
Access through the serial port on the front of the CPU.
Remote Access
Enable, Disable
Access through the Ethernet port on the CPU IOM.
Deleting a User
After you select the user to be deleted, a confirmation message appears. Select Yes
to delete the user, or No to exit without making any changes.
11-28
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Change User ID
Modifying a User
After you select the user to be modified, enter the appropriate information in the
Modify User fields.
Item
Options
Comments
User ID
A unique user identifier
Password/
Password
A unique password for the user and a second password
field to confirm
Privilege
BROWSER
OPERATIONS
SYS_ADMIN
SUPER_USER
The level of user access. See “User
Configuration” on page 7-23.
Craft Access
Enable, Disable
Access through the serial port on the front of the CPU.
Remote Access
Enable, Disable
Access through telnet, secure shell login, ftp or secure
ftp.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security
11-29
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
User Audit Trails
User Audit Trails
NOTE:
It is recommended that audit trails remain disabled until
deployment of the Broadmore with the anticipated “power up” configuration
is complete. This prevents the audit logging of numerous initial installation
configuration changes. Only a SuperUser can enable or disable this
function or use shell commands to access the audit file.
Only a SuperUser can enable or disable this function or use shell commands to access
the audit files.
Audit Trails protect a Broadmore by providing traceability of who performed
procedures on the unit, what procedures were performed, and when they took place.
The Broadmore local audit trail logs changes to configuration parameters and user
logins.
11-30
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
User Audit Trails
NOTE:
The audit file is located in the cam directory and can only be
accessed via SSH2. The craft port does not allow cat, head, or tail
commands in the FIPS mode.
NOTE:
Audit files can be up to 200k bytes, with the most recent data
being located at the end of the file. Use the tail command to display the end
of the file. For detailed examination, it is best to upload the file via FTP or
SFTP.
To display the audit file, at the Broadmore > prompt, enter the following commands:
cd cam ↵
tail audit.txt ↵
An example of the output is provided below.
User audit files record the following information for each user action:
date
time
online CPU (Q or R) or standby CPU (q or r)
user name
event type
short description of the event
Once the audit.txt file is full, the file is automatically closed, the name is changed
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
11-31
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
User Audit Trails
to audit_o.txt, in case a SuperUser wants to access the old file via SecureFX in
SFTP mode. A new file is then opened named audit.txt and new data is written to
that file.
Deleting Audit Trails
A user can delete the contents of the system log by using the CAMMI
(Maintenance/Diags, View System Log, Delete command) or the
corresponding CLI command. However, this only deletes the events that can
be viewed by their access level.
Archiving Audit Trails
A SuperUser can archive the audit.txt and audit_o.txt files using an SSH2
FTP client such as SecureFX to copy the files to another computer or storage
device. After logging in with SecureFX, navigate to the cam directory and
locate the audit.txt and audit_o.txt files.
System Log
The system log file sys.log is a circular file that contains a recent history of
system users, events, and alarms. Old records are overwritten by new records.
The log file identifies the currently active CPU and any user currently logged
into the Broadmore. All users can use the CAMMI interface to view those
system events permitted by their access role (see “Maintenance and
Troubleshooting” on page 8-1). Only a SuperUser can copy or delete the
sys.log file. After logging in using an SSH2 FTP client such as SecureFX,
navigate to the cam directory and locate the sys.log file. The system log can be
deleted and archived in much the same way as the audit log files.
For example, the SuperUser can delete the sys.log file by using the del shell
command, as in the following example.
cd cam ↵
del sys.log ↵
Rather than using FTP, a SuperUser can also display or delete the system log
through the Command Line Interface.
11-32
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
User Audit Trails
To display the system log, log into the Broadmore and enter the following
commands at the Broadmore prompt:
cli ↵
maintain ↵
systemlog ↵
showi ↵
You can then navigate through the system log by following the instructions
appearing at the bottom of the window.
To delete the system log, enter clearlog instead of showi.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
11-33
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Shell Commands (FIPS Mode)
Shell Commands (FIPS Mode)
fipsmode ... 11-34
selftest ... 11-34
settimeout ... 11-35
sshdShow ... 11-35
sshdSessionShow ... 11-37
scp ... 11-38
resetSecurID ... 11-39
zeroize ... 11-40
Authorized Access to Shell Commands ... 11-41
Shell commands are UNIX-like commands provided by the embedded operating
system. Command syntax is available using the “help” command. Authorized Access
to each command is based on the user privilege level.
fipsmode
NOTE:
The procedure for using this command is given in “Enabling FIPS
Mode” on page 11-18.
The FIPS mode can only be changed by a SuperUser (Crypto Officer). At the
Broadmore prompt, type fipsmode (to see current value) or fipsmode on (to enable) or
fipsmode off (to disable). After executing this command, the Broadmore must be
rebooted for the change to take effect.
selftest
Self-tests of the FIPS algorithms are performed automatically during power-up. A
SuperUser (Crypto Officer) can perform a manual self-test at any time. At the
Broadmore prompt, type selftest. The following message will be displayed if all tests
pass.
AES Passed
DES Passed
TDES Passed
11-34
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
settimeout
DSA Passed
FIPS 186-2 RAND Passed
RSA Passed
SHA1 Passed
IMAGE SIG VERIFY Passed
HMAC-SHA1 Passed
NOTE:
If a manually initiated self-test results in a self-test failure, the
management module will reboot.
NOTE: A FIPS algorithm self-test failure will immediately disable all
management connections, as required by FIPS-2. The Broadmore will
continue to carry existing ATM communications traffic across the data
plane but the operating configuration can not be changed until the unit is
repaired.
settimeout
A SuperUser (Crypto Officer) can set the session timeout for the Broadmore craft
port for user inactivity. The command syntax is:
settimeout <hh:mm:ss>
Example: settimeout 00:05:00 will set the timeout to 5 minutes.
Entering settimeout by itself will display the current value.
NOTE:
The SSH session timeout is fixed at 5 minutes.
sshdShow
A SuperUser (Crypto Officer) can access the SSHD configuration information, at the
Broadmore prompt, by typing sshdShow. An example of the output is provided in the
following graphic.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
11-35
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
sshdShow
11-36
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
sshdSessionShow
sshdSessionShow
A SuperUser (Crypto Officer) can access the information about current active ssh
server sessions, at the Broadmore prompt, by typing sshdSessionShow. An example of
the output is provided in the following graphic.
Item
Comments
Session ID
Session ID
ConnTid
Task ID of the sshd server handling the connection
ServerTid
Session server task spawned for the connection
ServerName
Session server name
User
Connecting user’s name
ttydFd
fd available to the server task for IO with the sshd connection task
RemoteIp:Port
IP and port of the remote system
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
11-37
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
scp
scp
A SuperUser (Crypto Officer) can copy files to a specific directory, using the secure
copy (scp) command.
Using SCP
The scp client can be invoked from a target-OS shell by running scp and passing
all options as parameter strings. Examples are provided below.
To copy a file, local_file, on the target to a remote server, my_server, use the
following command:
-> scp <local_file> [email protected]_server:<local_file_new>
To to copy files from the remote server, my_server, to the target, local_file, use
this command:
-> scp [email protected]_server:/<dir>/<file> /<dir>/<new_file>
To display a list of options and usage information use the "-h" command.
-> scp -h
Enabling Debug Messages
A SuperUser (Crypto Officer) can enable Debug by using the "-v" option. An
example is provided below.
-> scp -v [local_file] [email protected]:[remote_file]
NOTE:
For more information about shell commands and general
information about session privacy, go to www.openssh.org.
11-38
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
resetSecurID
resetSecurID
A SuperUser (Crypto Officer) can use the resetSecurID command to reset the node
secret file. This command is necessary if the system administrator has, for example,
changed the server and needs to get a fresh node secret file.
At the Broadmore> prompt, type resetSecurID as shown in the following figure, and
then press Enter.
The node secret file resets, and the screen returns to the prompt. There is no output with
this command.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
11-39
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
zeroize
zeroize
WARNING! THE ZEROIZE COMMAND WILL DECOMMISSION THE CPU
MODULE AND MAKE IT INOPERABLE (THE CPU WILL NOT REBOOT). THIS
COMMAND WILL PERMANENTLY ERASE ALL CRITICAL SECURITY
PARAMETERS AND CPU DISK-ON-CHIP MEMORY. A ZEROIZED CPU
CONTAINS NO SECURITY DATA OR OPERATING SYSTEM SOFTWARE. A
ZEROIZED CPU CAN BE RETURNED TO THE FACTORY FOR REPAIR.
This command is not intended for normal operational use. It is intended as a security
measure (per FIPS 140-2 requirements) to allow a SuperUser (Crypto Officer) to
completely remove all security-sensitive data that may be required before
decommissioning a CPU. This command has two options:
To zeroize only the standby CPU, type zeroize standby
This option is intended primarily for decommissioning a defective CPU module.
To zeroize both CPUs, type zeroize global which will first zeroize the standby
CPU and then the online CPU. This option is intended for decommissioning the
entire Broadmore system.
11-40
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Authorized Access to Shell Commands
Authorized Access to Shell Commands
The following table lists the authorized commands available to each access privilege
level when operating in FIPS mode.
User ID →
↓ Authorized Services
arp
cammi (start GUI interface)
cat
cd
cli
cmp
comp
copy
cp
del
dir
du
echo
fipsmode
head
help
ifconf
ls
md
mem
mkdir
move
mv
netstat
ping
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Super_User
Sys_Admin
Operations
•4
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Browser
•
•
•
11-41
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Authorized Access to Shell Commands
User ID →
↓ Authorized Services
pwd
rd
resetSecurID
resetSecurIDIp
rm
rmdir
route
savert
scp
selftest
setbaud
setenv
settimeout
setwrite
sigmem
sshdSessionShow
sshdShow
tail
touch
zeroize
11-42
Super_User
Sys_Admin
Operations
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Browser
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
SFTP Login
SFTP Login
Users can login using SFTP to access Broadmore administrative functions the same
way as ftp. With SFTP, the data is encrypted as it flows to and from the Broadmore over
IP.
The following procedure provides an example of how to login using SFTP using
SecureFX.
Logging in with SecurID Disabled
To log in to RSA SecurID and the Broadmore:
1. Open SecureFX. The Connect window opens.
2. Right-click on the connection you want to use, and select Properties.
The Session Configuration window opens.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
11-43
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Logging in with SecurID Disabled
3. In the Session panel, type the IP address of the Broadmore, and select SFTP
from the Protocol pull-down menu.
NOTE:
Some secure ftp clients do not allow a colon as the first
character. The following step works with SecureFX.
4. In the SFTP logon panel, type in the Hostname and Username. The Hostname
is the IP address of the Broadmore; the Username is Broadmore local user
name prefixed by a colon (for example, :SYSADMIN).
5. Select Keyboard Interactive from the Primary pull-down menu in the
Authentication panel.
6. Click OK. The following prompt appears:
7. Type in the local Broadmore password, and click OK.
After successfully logging in, the SecureFX window appears as shown in the
following graphic.
11-44
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Logging in with SecurID Disabled
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
11-45
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Logging in with SecurID Enabled
Logging in with SecurID Enabled
To log in to RSA SecurID and the Broadmore:
1. Open SecureFX. The Connect window opens.
2. Right-click on the connection you want to use, and select Properties.
The Session Configuration window opens.
3. In the Session panel, type the IP address of the Broadmore, and select SFTP
from the Protocol pull-down menu.
4. In the SFTP logon panel, type in the Hostname and Username. The Hostname
is the IP address of the Broadmore; the Username is The SecurID user name
and Broadmore local user name joined together with a colon between and no
spaces (for example, jsmith:SYSADMIN).
5. Select Keyboard Interactive from the Primary pull-down menu in the
Authentication panel.
11-46
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Logging in with SecurID Enabled
6. Click OK. The following prompt appears:
7. Click OK. The Keyboard Interactive Authentication window opens.
8. Type in the SecurID passcode, and click OK. A second Keyboard Interactive
Authentication window opens.
9. Type in the local Broadmore password, and click OK.
After successfully logging into SecurID, the SecureFX window appears as
shown in the following graphic.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
11-47
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Logging in with SecurID Enabled
11-48
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
SecurID Features
SecurID Features
SecurID is an option that may be used to help authenticate a user prior to
logging into the Broadmore/SSHield Management Module. SecurID does not
use FIPS approved algorithms but using SecurID does not in any way affect the
security provided by the FIPS-2 validated Broadmore/SSHield Management
Module.
Feature
Details
RSA Authentication Methods Supported
Native SecurID
RSA Authentication Manager/Agent Library Version
5.0.2
RSA Authentication Manager 5 Locking
Yes
Replica RSA Authentication Manager Support
Full Replica Support
Secondary RADIUS/TACACS+Server Support
N/A
Location of Node Secret on Client
\securid\securid
RSA Authentication Manager Agent Host Type
Net OS Agent
SecurID User Specification
All remote users
SecurID Protection of Administrators
No
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
11-49
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Residual Data and Memory Volatility
Residual Data and Memory Volatility
Non-Volatile Memory ... 11-50
Network Interfaces ... 11-51
Sanitation Procedures ... 11-51
This notice summarizes relevant security concerns associated with the movement of
sensitive data through any Broadmore ATM Multiplexer and subsequent redeployment of these products into open environments. Should there be any questions
or concerns regarding this notice, please contact Carrier Access Corporation customer
support at 800-786-9929.
Non-Volatile Memory
The modules used in the Broadmore each contain one or more of the following
types of non-volatile memory: removable Disk-on-Chip, removable and nonremovable Flash memory. There is no internal data path or mechanism provided in
a Broadmore to permit network data streams to be recorded onto non-volatile
media. Such unintended or hostile actions on the part of the Broadmore could only
be enabled by the surreptitious alteration of the device’s embedded firmware and
hardware. Thus, adequate physical security and access controls are required to
prevent hostile implementation of “other” (non-Carrier Access provided) firmware
and hardware.
With Release 4.0, Broadmore received FIPS 140-2 validation (see certificate #478
posted under the Validation Lists at http://csrc.nist.gov/cryptval/). When operated
properly, this version of software contains “zeroize” commands that reformats the
Disk-on-Chip and destroys all stored configuration and sensitive data. It also
contains a start-up routine that verifies that no surreptitious software has been
loaded. See the Broadmore/SSHield Management Module Security Policy for
more information.
The Broadmore also has a limited amount of cell buffering implemented via
random access memory (RAM). This memory implementation is entirely volatile
and will be immediately lost upon power-down. Data that has been buffered in the
Broadmore RAM cannot be recovered under any circumstances after power-down.
11-50
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Network Interfaces
Network Interfaces
Network Interface Modules (NIMs) are installed in the Broadmore ATM
Multiplexer and provide an interface to the ATM network. Each NIM contains
non-volatile Flash memory for storing run-time code. These chips are not
physically accessible from the ATM data path and thus cannot store data that
passes through the Broadmore.
Sanitation Procedures
The following table summarizes procedures for all Broadmore modules when
removing them from authorized areas to open areas.
Product Release
Product Type
Sanitation Procedure
Release 3.8
and earlier
Broadmore Unit
Power Off for 24 hours
Remove Disk-on-Chip from CPU
Network Interface
Modules
Power Off for 24 hours
CPU
Power Off for 24 hours
Remove Disk-on-Chip from CPU
Broadmore Unit
FIPS Zeroize Global/Standby
Power Off for 24 hours
Network Interface
Modules
Power Off for 24 hours
CPU
FIPS Zeroize Standby
Power Off for 24 hours
Release 4.0
and later
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
11-51
Security Management (FIPS Mode)
Sanitation Procedures
11-52
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
12
CHAPTER
SNMP Configuration
In this Chapter:
SNMP Overview ... 12-2
SNMP Properties ... 12-3
USM/VACM Configuration ... 12-6
Trap Configuration ... 12-28
SNMP Configuration
SNMP Overview
SNMP Overview
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) is a plain-text service with no access
to any critical security parameters (CSPs). The Broadmore supports SNMP v1, v2, and
v3. Follow the sequence below to configure the SNMP parameters.
NOTE:
SNMPv3 configuration must be performed through CAMMI. Do
not use the CLI to configure SNMPv3 parameters.
Select System Management ↵
Select Configure ↵
Select System Services ↵
Select SNMP Configure ↵
Select the item you want to configure.
With each selection, confirm your changes and press Esc to exit.
12-2
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
SNMP Configuration
SNMP Properties
SNMP Properties
These settings can only be accessed and changed by a SuperUser or SysAdmin. SNMP
properties allow the user to control SNMP operation.
.
Select System Management ↵
Select Configure ↵
Select System Services ↵
Select SNMP Configure ↵
Select SNMP Properties ↵
Select the item you want to configure.
With each selection, confirm your changes and press Esc to exit.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
12-3
SNMP Configuration
SNMP Properties
The following table lists the SNMP property selections.
Item
Options
Comments
SNMP (any)
Enable, Disable
Enables or disables all SNMP messages.
SNMP v1/v2
Enable, Disable
Enables or disables only SNMP v1 and v2
messages. SNMPv3 messages are enabled.
CLI Traps
Enable, Disable
This selection is a switch (enable/disable) that
allows you to view trap messages when logged into
CLI. When enabled, trap messages will echo to the
screen when they occur.
Squelch Level
Below Current Level,
Equal or Below
Current Level,
No Squelch
The Broadmore is shipped with the squelch level
set at “below current level.” The Squelch level
allows you to control the trap volume with a single
“level” setting. The severity of the last “state” trap
is remembered, and future traps will be sent only if
the setting for the squelch level permits their
severity.
Only traps with matching “set” and “clear”
instances become the “outstanding” trap for
squelching. These are limited to the traps for card/
port major and minor alarms. Each port will
attempt to “set” a trap when an alarm first trips, in
the absence of squelching, and a matching “clear”
will be sent when that port's alarms dissipate.
Trap Time Out
0-3600
Enter Time Out as a value in minutes between 0
and 3600. When a trap triggers, it may be
squelched if there is an outstanding trap of serious
priority. The Timeout value guards against an old
trap that is no longer relevant preventing any future
traps.
The timeout value guards against an old, no longer
relevant trap preventing any future traps. When the
time expires, the outstanding trap is discarded.
Enter Timeout as a value in seconds between 0 and
3600 (60 minutes) with 1200 (20 minutes) as a
recommended initial value.
12-4
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
SNMP Configuration
SNMP Properties
Example: Squelching Traps
The system will be delivered from the factory with the squelch level at “below
current level”. All individual traps will be enabled, with the following severities:
Critical
Failure reboot
NIM major alarm
Major
SAM major alarm
Slot failure
Uni up/down
Minor
SAM minor alarm
NIM minor alarm
Inform
Card insert/removed
NIM switchover
CPU switchover
Restore
User reboot
Cold Start
This squelch configuration will send a single “critical” trap if a NIM fiber breaks,
and will prevent cascading traps like “NIM switchover” (in a redundant NIM
system) from sending dozens of SAM port notifications caused by the switchover.
Normally, if you get a trap on a single port of a SAM, you would get traps for all
the other ports and all the other SAMs. But with the squelch at “equal or below
current level”), the notifications are throttled back to 1 trap for all SAMs.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
12-5
SNMP Configuration
USM/VACM Configuration
USM/VACM Configuration
Users ... 12-8
Groups ... 12-13
Views ... 12-16
Access ... 12-19
Communities ... 12-24
SNMPv3 supports the User-based Security Model (USM) and View-based Access
Control Model (VACM). These settings can only be accessed and changed by a
SuperUser (Crypto Officer).
Broadmore Implementation of USM/VACM
Access
-Name : char
-ReadView : char
-WriteView : char
-NotifyView : char
-SecurityModel
-SecurityLevel
-Storage : <unspecified> = Non-Vol
View
-Name : char
-SubTreeOID
-Storage : <unspecified> = non-vol
Group
-Name : char
-UserName : char
-SecurityModel
-Storage : <unspecified> = Non-Vol
Community
-Name : char
-Index : char
-UserName : char
-TrapTag : char
-Enabled : bool = true
-Storage : <unspecified> = Non-Vol
12-6
User
-Name
-Auth/Encyptiontypes
-Auth/Encryptionkeys
-Storage : <unspecified> = Non-Vol
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
SNMP Configuration
USM/VACM Configuration
USM provides authentication and privacy services for SNMPv3. USM provides
improved security over SNMPv1 and SNMPv2 by adding encryption and synchronized
time indicators. Although USM uses cryptography to support the underlying protocol,
it is a plain-text service and does not provide the level of data confidentiality or
protection required by FIPS-2. Consequently, it should be treated like any other plaintext service port.
USM uses loosely synchronized monotonically increasing time indicators to defend
against certain message stream modification attacks. Automatic clock synchronization
mechanisms based on the protocol are specified without dependence on third-party
time sources and concomitant security considerations.
VACM is an architecture for viewing and controlling users. VACM defines the access
control policy that determines which users can access which subset of MIB objects in
the Broadmore. VACM also defines the type of access (Read/Write) over a view.
The Broadmore organizes the USM/VACM into four tables or entities: Views, Users,
Groups, and Access. With each entity, the following actions are associated:
Edit – used to modify an existing User, View, Group or an Access entry
Copy – used to copy the information for an existing User, View, Group or an
Access entry as a basis for a new one
Delete – used to delete an existing User, View, Group or an Access entry
New – used to add a new User, View, Group or an Access entry
Validate Table – used to check table entries for consistency with other tables.
The Communities table supports the coexistence of SNMP v1, v2, and v3 access
described in RFC 2576. The Communities table supports v1/v2 get, set, and trap
requests within USM/VACM.
NOTE:
When configuring USM/VACM, please note the consequences
of selecting certain “Storage Type” parameters in the tables. “Permanent”
entries cannot be deleted except by deleting the entire SNMP configuration
and rebooting. “Read Only” entries can only be edited or removed by
deleting the entire SNMP configuration and rebooting.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
12-7
SNMP Configuration
Users
Users
This selection allows you to control users and their access privileges. Once this menu
option is chosen, a list of existing users will be displayed. The screen below shows the
two predefined users.
Select System Management ↵
Select Configuration ↵
Select System Services ↵
Select SNMP Configure ↵
Select Users ↵
Select one of the following:
* Edit ↵, edit the User information
* Copy ↵, (to put a copy of the information into the list)
* Delete ↵, delete an existing User
* New ↵, enter a new User
* Validate Table ↵, check table entries for consistency
With each selection, confirm your changes and press Esc to exit.
12-8
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
SNMP Configuration
Users
When adding a new user (either through New or Copy action), the system will present
an option to either enter the Authentication and Privacy (Encryption) Key either
directly (Key) or as a Password (Password to Key), as shown below.
In case you choose to enter the key information as a password, the system will
internally generate a key value corresponding to the password entered and maintain
that information for the user. This is done because some SNMP clients use keys for
authentication and encryption, while others use passwords. For clients that use
passwords, a user needs to be created with passwords for the Authentication and
Encryption parameters. After choosing either “Key” or “Password to key”, press “OK”
and fill in the parameters described in the table above to define the new user, as shown
in the following New Users Entry screen.
NOTE:
When editing a user who has been created with a password for
Authentication and Privacy, you can only edit the resulting key. This is
because Broadmore converts the password to a key while saving the user
information and does not maintain any record of the original password that
had been entered.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
12-9
SNMP Configuration
Users
Screen for entering User Key
Screen for entering User Password
12-10
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
SNMP Configuration
Users
Use the Esc key to exit this menu. If you have made any changes to the Users
information the system will ask you for confirmation on whether you want to accept
the changes or not.
NOTE:
The entries in the User table are not actual users of the system.
These usernames cannot be used for authentication in order to access the
Broadmore administration functionality.
The following table describes the selections.
Item
Options
Comments
User Name
string
A unique value for User Name, 1 to 30 characters.
Auth Key
string
Key to be used for authorizing a SNMP user to the
Broadmore system.
Priv Key
string
Key to be used to encrypt SNMP traffic.
Auth Password
string
Password to be used for authorizing SNMP user.
Priv Password
string
Password to be used to encrypt SNMP traffic.
Auth
None
SHA
MD5
Authentication protocol used.
Priv
None
AES
DES
3DES
Protocol used to encrypt SNMP data between a
client and Broadmore SNMP agent.
Storage
Volatile
Non-volatile
Permanent
Readonly
Other
Settings lost without power.
Settings remembered after reboot.
Settings can not be deleted.
Settings can not be changed.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
12-11
SNMP Configuration
Users
User Edit Rules
The following table describes which parameters can be modified in a Users table
entry.
12-12
Item
Edit Allowed
User Name
No
Auth Password
No
Priv Password
No
Auth
Yes
Priv
Yes
Storage
Yes
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
SNMP Configuration
Groups
Groups
The VACM model supports the concept of categorizing users into groups. A group is
a unique pair defined by the parameters “User Name” and “Security Model” (see table
below). The screen below shows the four predefined groups.
Follow the sequence below to modify the list.
Select System Management ↵
Select Configuration ↵
Select System Services ↵
Select SNMP Configure ↵
Select Groups ↵
Select one of the following:
* Edit ↵, edit the Group information
* Copy ↵, (to put a copy of the information into the list)
* Delete ↵, delete an existing Group
* New ↵, enter a new Group
* Validate Table ↵, check table entries for consistency
With each selection, confirm your changes and press Esc to exit.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
12-13
SNMP Configuration
Groups
Once this menu option is chosen, a list of existing groups will be displayed. To choose
the required action on groups, highlight any of the existing entries and press the Enter
key. The screen below shows the New Groups Entry.
The following table describes the selections.
Item
Options
Comments
Group Name
string
value for Group Name, 1 to 30 characters.
User Name
string
value for User Name, 1 to 30 characters.
Security Model
V1
V2
USM
The Security Model used in processing an SNMP
query from a client. This parameter can be used to
restrict access to the managed objects based on the
security model set for a group.
Storage
Volatile
Non-volatile
Permanent
Readonly
Other
Settings lost without power.
Settings can be changed.
Settings can not be deleted.
Settings can not be changed.
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SNMP Configuration
Groups
Use the Esc key to exit this menu. If you have made any changes to the user
information, the system will prompt you for confirmation on whether you want to
accept the changes or not.
Group Edit Rules
The following table describes which parameters can be modified in a Groups table
entry.
Item
Edit Allowed
Group Name
Yes
User Name
No
Security Model
No
Storage
Yes
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
12-15
SNMP Configuration
Views
Views
This selection allows you to create a views and assign object identifiers. The screen
below shows the predefined “iso” view.
Select System Management ↵
Select Configuration ↵
Select System Services ↵
Select SNMP Configure ↵
Select Views ↵
Select one of the following:
* Edit ↵, edit the View information
* Copy ↵, (to put a copy of the information into the list)
* Delete ↵, delete an existing View
* New ↵, enter a new View
* Validate Table ↵, check table entries for consistency
With each selection, confirm your changes and press Esc to exit.
12-16
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
SNMP Configuration
Views
Once this menu option is chosen, a list of existing groups will be displayed. To choose
the required action on groups, highlight any of the existing entries and press the Enter
key. The following shows the New View SubTrees Entry screen.
The managed objects in Broadmore are organized in a tree structure, known as a MIB
tree, based on the OID (Object Identifier) of each object. A view defines a particular
subtree in this MIB tree. For example, one view could be defined to be over the MIB
subtree represented by the OID 1.3.6 while another could be over the subtree
represented by OID 1.3.6.1. Of these two views, the latter is more restrictive as it has
fewer managed objects under it. A view could also be defined to be one specific OID
in the entire MIB tree of managed objects. The following shows the New View
SubTrees view.
The following table describes the selections
Item
Options
Comments
Name
string
Unique value for View Name, 1 to 30 characters.
Default is “iso” standard.
Subtree OID
string
Unique value for Object Identifier, such as “1.3.6”.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
12-17
SNMP Configuration
Views
Item
Options
Comments
Storage
Volatile
Non-volatile
Permanent
Readonly
Other
Settings lost without power.
Settings can be changed.
Settings can not be deleted.
Settings can not be changed.
Use the Esc key to exit this menu. If you have made any changes to the Users
information, the system will prompt you for confirmation on whether you want to
accept the changes or not.
View Edit Rules
The following table describes which parameters can be modified in a Views table
entry.
12-18
Item
Edit Allowed
Name
No
Subtree OID
Yes
Storage
Yes
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
SNMP Configuration
Access
Access
This selection allows you to control access to each Group.
Select System Management ↵
Select Configuration ↵
Select System Services ↵
Select SNMP Configure ↵
Select Access ↵
Select one of the following:
* Edit ↵, edit the Group information
* Copy ↵, (to put a copy of the information into the list)
* Delete ↵, delete an existing Group
* New ↵, enter a new Group
* Validate Table ↵, check table entries for consistency
With each selection, confirm your changes and press Esc to exit.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
12-19
SNMP Configuration
Access
Once this menu option is chosen, a list of existing access entries will be displayed. To
choose the required action on an entry, highlight any of the existing entries and press
the Enter key. The following shows the New Access Entry screen.
The Access entries implement the SNMP access policy for the Broadmore. For more
details, see Access Policy below. The access table is used to enforce fine-grained access
rights that form an access policy. The access list is used to define the parts of the MIB
tree that are available for either read or write, for specific combinations of group and
security models. It also defines whether an incoming SNMP request needs
authentication and whether SNMP messages need to be encrypted.
The following table describes the selections.
Item
Options
Comments
Group Name
string
A group name from the Groups in the system, 1 to
30 characters.
Read View Name
string
A view name from the Views in the system, 1 to 30
characters. The Read View Name is for “get”
access.
Write View Name
string
A view name from the Views in the system, 1 to 30
characters. The Write View Name is for “set”
access.
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SNMP Configuration
Access
Item
Options
Comments
Notify View Name
string
A view name from the Views in the system, 1 to 30
characters. The Notify View Name is for traps and
notifications.
Context Prefix
string
A string, 1 to 30 characters. The interpretation
depends on the value of the Prefix Match. If not
specified, the default is an empty string, "".
Prefix Match
Exact
Prefix
Exact – the contextName must match the Context
Prefix.
Prefix – only the initial substring of the
contextName must match the Context Prefix.
Security Model
V1
V2
USM
The Security Model used in processing an SNMP
query from a client. This parameter can be used to
restrict access to the managed objects based on the
security model set for a group.
Security Level
None
AuthnoPriv
AuthPriv
None – the incoming request requires no
authentication or encryption.
AuthnoPriv – authentication is required but SNMP
messages will not be encrypted.
AuthPriv – authentication is required and SNMP
messages are encrypted.
Storage
Volatile
Non-volatile
Permanent
Readonly
Other
Settings lost without power.
Settings can be changed.
Settings can not be deleted.
Settings can not be changed.
Use the Esc key to exit this menu. If you have made any changes to the Users
information the system will prompt you for confirmation on whether you want to
accept the changes or not.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
12-21
SNMP Configuration
Access
Access Edit Rules
The following table describes which parameters can be modified in a Access table
entry.
Item
Edit Allowed
Group Name
No
Read View Name
Yes
Write View Name
Yes
Notify View Name
Yes
Security Model
No
Security Level
No
Storage
Yes
Access Policy
The USM/VACM configuration defines the complete access policy in effect for
incoming SNMP requests in the system. SNMP users and a Security model define
a SNMP group. Each Group along with a View defines one element of the Access
Policy as defined in the Access table. When an SNMP request comes to the system,
the system first determines which group the user sending the request belongs to.
This is done by looking up the username and the Security model used (V1, V2 or
USM) in the SNMP request. Once the group is determined the system looks up the
Access table entries and decides:
• whether the authentication and encryption is required for the SNMP query.
This is determined by looking up the “Security Level” parameter in the
Access table. Authentication is verified based on the information in the User
table parameters “Auth Key” or “Auth Password”. In case encryption is
required, the key defined by User table parameters “Priv Key” or “Priv Password” is used.
12-22
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SNMP Configuration
Access
•
whether the user sending the SNMP request is eligible to get or set the MIB
variable. This is determined by looking up the “Read” and “Write” parameters
of the Access table
•
the exact set of MIB variables (managed objects) that will be visible to the
user. This is determined by the Views table entries.
•
access based on the security model set in Groups and Access table.
NOTE:
In addition to the standard MIBs, the Broadmore includes
enterprise MIBs that are specific to its operation.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
12-23
SNMP Configuration
Communities
Communities
Broadmore supports SNMPv1 and SNMPv2 through the SNMPv3 co-existence model.
SNMPv1 and SNMPv2 community strings can be defined using the following menu
option. Broadmore permits up to 20 entries in this table.
These settings can only be accessed and changed by a SuperUser.
Select System Management ↵
Select Configuration ↵
Select System Services ↵
Select SNMP Configure ↵
Select Communities ↵
Select one of the following:
* Edit ↵, edit the Community information
* Copy ↵, (to put a copy of the information into the list)
* Delete ↵, delete an existing Community
* New ↵, enter a new Community
* Validate Table ↵, check table entries for consistency
With each selection, confirm your changes and press Esc to exit.
12-24
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
SNMP Configuration
Communities
NOTE:
Selecting the Validate command on this table will check each
“User Name” value for existence in the “usmUserTable” and check each
Tag Name for existence in the “snmpNotifyTable”.
NOTE:
So that the Broadmore properly registers with the ATM Switch,
the Broadmore automatically creates an “ILMI” community with predefined
Views, Users, Groups, and Access. These properties are read-only.
ILMI (Interim Local Management Interface) is an independent industry
standard used for configuration of ATM interfaces. Although it is based on
SNMP, ILMI communication actually occurs using a transport other than IP
that traverses only the physical ATM link. ILMI is essential to functions such
as ATM auto-discovery and LANE (LAN Emulation).
Use the Esc key to exit this menu. If you have made any changes to the Community
information the system will ask you for confirmation on whether you want to
accept the changes or not.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
12-25
SNMP Configuration
Communities
The following table describes the selections.
Item
Options
Comments
Community Name
string
SNMPv1 and SNMPv2 Community Name, 1 to 30
characters. The Community Name is used with the
User Name and Tag Name to determine get, set,
and trap access.
Index
string
The Index permits the table to specify the same
actual string multiple times. A particular Index
must be unique.
User Name
string
Value for User Name, 1 to 30 characters.
Tag Name
string
Value for Tag Name, 1 to 30 characters. Must be
same as in Notify table if this community will be
used in notifications. Leave empty if used only for
get and set access.
Storage
Volatile
Non-volatile
Permanent
Readonly
Other
Settings lost without power.
Settings can be changed.
Settings can not be deleted.
Settings can not be changed.
There are several ways to set up communities, so automatically setting all of them up
will unnecessarily limit the customer’s flexibility.
Example 1: Use the same “public” string for every get/set/trap
Create a user “v1v2GetSetUser” with all the get/set privilege you desire using the
appropriate view, user, group, and access table entries. In this case, the “access”
record would have both the read and write views filled in.
Create a community name “public” with index “GetSet” and an empty “Tag”, and
specify the user “v1v2GetSetUser”
Create a community name “public” with index “Trap” and tag “Trap”. Specify
the predefined user “v12TrapsUser”.
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SNMP Configuration
Communities
Example 2: Use a different string for “set”
Create a user “v1v2SetUser” with all the set privilege you desire using the view,
user, group, and access tables
Create a community name “private” with index “Set” and no tag. Specify the user
“v1v2SetUser”.
Create a community name “public” with index “Trap” and tag “Trap”. Specify
the predefined user “v12TrapsUser”.
Create a community name “public” with index “Get” and no tag. Specify the
predefined user “v12Getuser”.
In fact, you can create as many get and/or set community strings as you desire, provided
that they map back to users with the privileges you desire and they all have arbitrarily
unique index fields. For example, if you wished to have three different “get”
community strings, you might use the index values “Get1”, “Get2”, “Get3”.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
12-27
SNMP Configuration
Trap Configuration
Trap Configuration
Trap Detection Overview ... 12-28
Trap Management Overview ... 12-29
Table Usage ... 12-32
Targets ... 12-33
Target Parameters ... 12-35
Notifications ... 12-37
Notify Filters ... 12-40
Notify Profiles ... 12-42
Trap Detection Overview
The Broadmore supports trap-directed notifications. This means that the Broadmore
can automatically send a notification message to a network manager when a certain trap
event occurs. This is much more efficient than having to continually poll each device
on a network to check if it is working properly.
The Broadmore can send the following kinds of trap notifications:
Major/Minor Alarms for each module and port – each “set” alarm is matched
by a “clear”, indicating the states of the fault LEDs on the chassis or module
Module inserted or removed from the chassis
Slot failure
UNI up/down
Redundancy switchover
File restores by the user – a user audit event
Reboots by the user – a user audit event
Reboots from system failure
Cold start – a generic trap
Traps are a valuable network management tool for monitoring system status. However,
to realize their full value, the system should post only those conditions requiring action
by maintenance personnel. Otherwise, a fundamental system problem might create an
avalanche of related traps, resulting in further degradation of the network.
12-28
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
SNMP Configuration
Trap Management Overview
Network operations organizations also have varying policies on what conditions to
monitor and what alarm severities to assign to each condition.
The Broadmore gives selective control over traps to mitigate these issues.
Squelching traps following a serious outstanding trap, to focus attention only on
that “first fault.”
Enabling or disabling individual traps, to match local monitoringpolicies.
Adjusting individual traps severities works in concert with the “squelch” setting
to control traps volume. This severity setting is completely independent from the
major/minor indication in some of the traps names.
Trap Management Overview
SNMP traps are managed by a “Notification Originator” – a software application
that makes decisions based on events and the contents of various SNMP tables. If
the decision is to send a notification message, the Notification Originator
assembles the relevant trap information into a Protocol Data Unit (PDU) and sends
the PDU to a network manager at a target address.
SNMPv3 uses SNMPv2 PDUs and also adds target address tables that tell the
Notification Originator which targets should be sent notifications with given
Object IDs (OIDs) in them. For example, a particular event may cause a linkDown
or a warmStart notification. You can specify that the linkDown message be sent to
a specific entity or a group of entities in the target address table.
To define targets, the Notification Originator application uses the SNMP Notify
and target tables. The target tables include filter and profile tables that are used to
determine if specific notifications should be sent to entities in the target address
table. Other tables are used for defining parameters that are needed in SNMPv3
PDUs, such as the Security Model, the Security Level, and the Security Name.
The Notification Originator uses the various tables in two ways:
to identify the targets to send information to, including the priority of one type
or event over another
to create the PDU that will be sent.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
12-29
SNMP Configuration
Trap Management Overview
The idea is to organize the information into specific tables that can be tied to other
tables, as shown in the figure below. All the target addresses used by notifications
and proxies are put into one table. Another table is used to identify which elements
belong to the notifications. The target parameter table contains the information for
creating SNMPv3 PDUs. Other tables are used to identify which notifications
should go to which targets. When the Notification Originator creates an INFORM
or v2TRAP PDU for SNMPv3, as opposed to locating proper targets, it takes
information from the target address table and the target params table.
Broadmore Implementation of SNMP tables in RFCs 2273 and 2573.
Target
TargetParms
View
-Name : char
-IP
-Port
-TargetParms : char
-TrapTag : char
-Enabled : bool = true
-Storage : <unspecified> = Non-Vol
-Timeout : <unspecified> = 1500
-Retries : <unspecified> = 3
-MsgSize : <unspecified> = 484
-Name : char
-UserName : char
-SecurityModel
-SecurityLevel
-MP Model
-Enabled : bool = true
-Storage : <unspecified> = Non-Vol
-Name : char
-SubTreeOID
-Storage : <unspecified> = non-vol
Access
User
-Name
-Auth/Encyptiontypes
-Auth/Encryptionkeys
-Storage : <unspecified> = Non-Vol
(TrapTag)
Notification
-Name : char
-TrapTag : char
-Enabled : bool = true
-Severity
12-30
(TrapTag)
-Name : char
-ReadView : char
-WriteView : char
-NotifyView : char
-SecurityModel
-SecurityLevel
-Storage : <unspecified> = Non-Vol
Community
Group
-Name : char
-Index : char
-UserName : char
-TrapTag : char
-Enabled : bool = true
-Storage : <unspecified> = Non-Vol
-Name : char
-UserName : char
-SecurityModel
-Storage : <unspecified> = Non-Vol
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
SNMP Configuration
Trap Management Overview
The sequence of events in using these tables is as follows:
1. An event occurs and the Notification Originator goes to work.
2. The Notification Originator uses the notify table to identify possible targets to
which to send a message. These are only possible targets because there may be
notification filters setup to identify a subset of these possible targets that will
be sent the message.
3. If no filters are set up (that is, no entry is in the snmpNotifyFilterProfileTable
corresponding to this target), the Notification Originator can create and send
the PDU(s). The process is then done.
4. If filters are on but the Notification Originator cannot find an entry for any of
the specific targets, no PDUs can be sent. The process is then done.
5. If filters on and we have a filter entry, the Notification Originator checks the
filter to see if it is set to include or exclude this target. If the filter is set to
exclude this target, then the message need not be sent to this target.
6. If filters are on and the filter associated with the target provides a mask, the
mask is used to see if this trap event can be sent to this target. The mask allows
the Notification Originator to check if the OID of the trap and snmpTrapOID.0
matches the subtree that is in the notify filter table. That way, it can check for
a certain event to send to a target, such as a warmStart message only.
7. Finally, using information from the target params table that is accessed from
the target address table, the Notification Originator checks the target address
(user information) to see if the entity has view privileges for the object. If the
view is okay, the PDU(s) are sent. Either way, the process is completed. Views
are checked whether or not filters exist.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
12-31
SNMP Configuration
Table Usage
Table Usage
The following summarizes the way that the SNMP tables are used.
User Management:
User, Community, View, Access, and Group Tables (from VACM)
Format for the PDU to send (also used for Proxies):
Target Address Table – contains domain and addressing information, timeout
and retry information, and a tag list (snmpTargetAddrTagList) to define
where to send notifications (and to forward proxied messages). There is also
a link into the Target Params table.
Target Params Table – contains the definition of parameters such as the
Message Processing Model, the Security Model, the Security Level, and the
Security Name to build and SNMPv3 PDU.
Tables to identify targets and provide finer selection of events to send:
Notifications Table – how to group targets to send notifications and what type
of notification to send
Notify Filter Profile Table – a list of filters used by a notification for finer
grained control over trap destinations
Notify Filter Table – filters to limit the number of notifications generated for
a particular target
NOTE:
The Broadmore predefines some SNMP v1/v2 trap parameters
to ensure proper operation with ATM switches. For example, there is a
predefined v1/v2 “get” user that can be added to a community (such as
“public”) in the communities table.
NOTE:
When configuring traps, please note the consequences of
selecting certain “Storage Type” parameters in the tables. “Permanent”
entries cannot be deleted except by deleting the entire SNMP configuration
and rebooting. “Read Only” entries can only be edited or removed by
deleting the entire SNMP configuration and rebooting.
12-32
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
SNMP Configuration
Targets
Targets
This selection allows you to enter up to 10 target IP addresses to receive trap
notifications. The screen below shows the New Targets Entry.
Follow the sequence below to modify the list.
Select System Management ↵
Select Configuration ↵
Select System Services ↵
Select SNMP Configure ↵
Select Targets ↵
Select one of the following:
* Edit ↵, edit the Target information
* Copy ↵, (to put a copy of the information into the list)
* Delete ↵, delete an existing Target
* New ↵, enter a new Target
* Validate Table ↵, check table entries for consistency
With each selection, confirm your changes and press Esc to exit.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
12-33
SNMP Configuration
Targets
The following table describes the selections.
Item
Options
Comments
Target Name
A unique value for Target Name, 1 to 30
characters.
IP Address
Format xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
where xxx is a decimal number, 0 to 255
Port
A number between 1024 and 65535.
Parameter Name
A unique value for Parameter Name, 1 to 30
characters.
Trap Tag
A unique value for Trap Tag, 1 to 30 characters.
Enabled
Enabled
Disabled
Enables/disables this target.
Storage
Volatile
Non-volatile
Permanent
Readonly
Other
Settings lost without power.
Settings can be changed.
Settings can not be deleted.
Settings can not be changed.
Timeout (secs*100)
Enter Timeout as a value in hundredths of a
second. For example, 1500 represents 15 seconds.
This value indicates the expected maximum round
trip time for communicating with the IP address
defined by this target. When a message is sent to
this address, and a response (if one is expected) is
not received within this time period, it may
assumed that the response will not be delivered.
Retries
The number of times to attempt sending the
notification.
Max Message Size
TBD
12-34
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
SNMP Configuration
Target Parameters
Target Parameters
This selection allows you to enter the kind of protocol and security to be used for
the target destinations. The screen below shows the New Target Parameters Entry.
Select System Management ↵
Select Configuration ↵
Select System Services ↵
Select SNMP Configure ↵
Select Target Params ↵
Select one of the following:
* Edit ↵, edit the Target Parameter information
* Copy ↵, (to put a copy of the information into the list)
* Delete ↵, delete an existing Target Parameter
* New ↵, enter a new Target Parameter
* Validate Table ↵, check table entries for consistency
With each selection, confirm your changes and press Esc to exit.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
12-35
SNMP Configuration
Target Parameters
NOTE:
Selecting Validate Table will check that each Parameter Name
in this table exists in the Notify Profiles table.
The following table describes the selections.
Item
Options
Comments
Parameter Name
string
Value for Parameter Name, 1 to 30 characters.
Note: This entry must agree with the Parameters
Name in the Notify Profiles table (see “Notify
Profiles” on page 12-42).
User Name
string
Value for User Name, 1 to 30 characters.
Security Model
V1
V2
USM
The Security Model used in processing an SNMP
query from a client. This parameter can be used to
restrict access to the managed objects based on the
security model set for a group.
Security Level
None
AuthnoPriv
AuthPriv
None – the incoming request requires no
authentication or encryption.
AuthnoPriv – authentication is required but SNMP
messages will not be encrypted.
AuthPriv – authentication is required and SNMP
messages are encrypted.
MP Model
V1
V2
V3
Message Processing model
Enabled
Enabled
Disabled
Enables/disables this target parameter.
Storage
Volatile
Non-volatile
Permanent
Readonly
Other
Settings lost without power.
Settings can be changed.
Settings can not be deleted.
Settings can not be changed.
12-36
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
SNMP Configuration
Notifications
Notifications
This selection displays a list of all available trap events that can be used for
notifications. These entries automatically appear in the MIB “snmpNotifyTable”
accessible by a remote manager. The notification names cannot be changed but
individual traps can be enabled and assigned a tag name and a severity level. The
severity is reported as a variable with the trap, and also works in concert with the
squelch level (in SNMP Properties) to keep traps appropriately throttled.
Follow the sequence below to enable or disable each trap type in the list. Save the
configuration when asked to activate the SNMP trap reporting.
Select System Management
Select Configuration ↵
Select System Services ↵
Select SNMP Properties ↵
Select Notifications ↵
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
↵
12-37
SNMP Configuration
Notifications
NOTE:
Entries in this table cannot be added or deleted, only edited. The
storage type for these entries is automatically configured to “permanent”.
The screen below shows the Edit Notifications Entry.
The following table describes the selections
Item
Options
Notify Name
Comments
This parameter cannot be changed.
Trap Tag
string
The default name is “Trap”. If remote managers
are to receive all traps, there is no need to modify
the Trap Tag. Different tag names would be useful
if responsibility for trap management was
subdivided by trap types such that a specific
destination was only responsible for a partial set of
traps.
Enabled
Enabled
Disabled
Enables/disables this notification.
12-38
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
SNMP Configuration
Notifications
Item
Options
Comments
Severity
Critical
Major
Minor
Inform
Reboot failure, NIM major alarm.
SAM major alarm, slot failure, Uni up/down.
SAM minor alarm, NIM minor alarm.
Card insert/removed, NIM switchover, CPU
switchover, restore, user reboot.
NOTE:
“Severity” is an attribute only available for Broadmore enterprise
traps; it is not described in the RFCs. Severity is reported as a variable with
the trap. To configure trap severity from a remote SNMP manager, use the
Broadmore enterprise MIB table “snmpTrapTypeTable”.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
12-39
SNMP Configuration
Notify Filters
Notify Filters
Entries may be completely maintained using the cammi Notify Filters table (which is a
direct representation of "snmpNotifyFilterTable") or via a remote SNMP manager.
This table allows finer grained control over trap reports. Broadmore permits up to 20
entries in this table. An empty table is acceptable.
These settings can only be accessed and changed by a SuperUser.
Select System Management ↵
Select Configuration ↵
Select System Services ↵
Select SNMP Configure ↵
Select Notify Filters ↵
Select one of the following:
* Edit ↵, edit the Filter information
* Copy ↵, (to put a copy of the information into the list)
* Delete ↵, delete an existing Filter
* New ↵, enter a new Filter
* Validate Table ↵, check table entries for consistency
With each selection, confirm your changes and press Esc to exit.
12-40
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
SNMP Configuration
Notify Filters
NOTE:
Selecting Validate Table will check that each Profile Name in
this table exists in the Notify Profiles table.
The Notify Filters table is used to avoid sending traps for specific mib variables. Each
variable in the VarBindList is checked against the Subtree. If a match occurs, the trap
is not sent.
The following table describes the selections.
Item
Options
Comments
Profile Name
string
Value for Profile Name, 1 to 30 characters.
Note: This entry must agree with the Profle Name
in the Notify Profiles table (see “Notify Profiles”
on page 12-42).
Subtree
bit string
The MIB tree address indicating the branch nodes
to be filtered.
Subtree Mask
bit string
The "mask" is a bit string where a “1” ignores the
corresponding OID bit and a “0” indicates a wild
card match for the corresponding OID bit. A string
of all “1” bits will accept any OID.
Type
Included
Excluded
Must be same as in Notify table.
Enabled
Enabled
Disabled
Enables/disables this filter.
Storage
Volatile
Non-volatile
Permanent
Readonly
Other
Settings lost without power.
Settings can be changed.
Settings can not be deleted.
Settings can not be changed.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
12-41
SNMP Configuration
Notify Profiles
Notify Profiles
Entries may be completely maintained using the cammi Notification Profiles table
(which is a direct representation of “snmpNotifyFilterProfileTable”) or via a remote
SNMP manager. This table allows finer grained control over trap reports. Broadmore
permits up to 20 entries in this table. An empty table is acceptable.
These settings can only be accessed and changed by a SuperUser.
Select System Management ↵
Select Configuration ↵
Select System Services ↵
Select SNMP Configure ↵
Select Notify Profiles ↵
Select one of the following:
* Edit ↵, edit the Profile information
* Copy ↵, (to put a copy of the information into the list)
* Delete ↵, delete an existing Profile
* New ↵, enter a new Profile
* Validate Table ↵, check table entries for consistency
With each selection, confirm your changes and press Esc to exit.
12-42
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
SNMP Configuration
Notify Profiles
NOTE:
Selecting Validate Table will check that each Parameter Name
in this table exists in the Target Parameters table.
The only reason for this table is to allow more than one notify filter with the same
Profile Name and different subtree, so that “profile_name” + “subtree” is the key into
the Notify Filter table. When a “profile_name” is found in the Notify Profiles table, the
Notify Filter table is searched for all entries having the same “profile_name”.
The following table describes the selections.
Item
Options
Comments
Profile Name
string
Value for Profile Name, 1 to 30 characters.
Parameter Name
string
Value for Parameter Name, 1 to 30 characters.
Note: This entry must agree with the Parameters
Name in the Target Parameters table (see “Target
Parameters” on page 12-35).
Enabled
Enabled
Disabled
Enables/disables this profile.
Storage
Volatile
Non-volatile
Permanent
Readonly
Other
Settings lost without power.
Settings remembered after reboot.
Settings can not be deleted.
Settings can not be changed.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
12-43
SNMP Configuration
Notify Profiles
12-44
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
APPENDIX
A
Technical Specifications
In this Appendix:
Broadmore 1750 Platform ... A-2
Broadmore Modules ... A-6
Technical Specifications
Broadmore 1750 Platform
Broadmore 1750 Platform
System Architecture
Mid-plane architecture
Internal Stratum 3E clock with dual BITS clock inputs
Redundant CPUs, NIMs, SAMs, backplane, power supplies
OC-12c/STM-4c ATM network interfaces
Up to 80 T1s, 60 E1s, 11 DS-3s, or 12 E3s per chassis
Management
RS-232/V.24 async craft port
SNMP v1, v2, v3 (RFC 1213, RFC 3414, MIB II)
IPv4 and IPv6 ready Controller
In-band management:
LAN Emulation Client
CLIP (RFC-1577)
Out-of-band management:
10Base-T Ethernet port
RS-232/V.24 async craft port
Management interface:
Command Line Interface (CLI)
Text-based menu-driven
Optional security features:
FIPS 140-2 approved Secure Shell (SSH) v2.0
RSA SecurID® User Client v5.0.2
A-2
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Technical Specifications
Network Standards
Network Standards
ATM Forum compliant AAL1 and AAL5 QoS
ATM Forum compliant SVCs and PVCs
ATM Forum Circuit Emulation Service v2.0 (CES)
ITU-T and ANSI compliant UNI 3.0, 3.1, and 4.0 Signaling
ATM Forum compliant ILMI 4.0
Network Timing Protocol Client per RFC 1305
Redundancy
System Level:
Backplane: redundant segment protection
Dual Power -48 VDC power rails to each card
Interface Level:
CPUs: 1:1
NIMs: 1+1 SONET APS per Telcordia™ GR-253-CORE
with Digital Protection Switching
SAMs: 1:N
Dual BITS clock inputs with internal Stratum 3E holdover clock
Alarms
Dry contacts for major and minor alarms
LEDs indicating major and minor alarms
User-defined alarm configuration
SNMP trap generation for user-defined alarms
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
A-3
Technical Specifications
Testing & Diagnostics
Testing & Diagnostics
Network loop-backs (structured DS3: DS3 port; unstructured DS3, E3 port)
Service loop-backs (structured DS3: DS3 port, tributary and DS0; unstructured
DS3, E3)
Internal BERT generation and monitoring (structured DS3, unstructured DS3,
E3)
FEAC loop-back generation and detection
Power
–48 VDC dual inputs, labeled A and B
240 W maximum for fully populated system
10 watts per NIM
8 watts per SAM
20 watts per CPU
Fused at 7.5 A, each input
Alarm power module, 1 slot
Over-voltage threshold: 58 ± 1.5 VDC
Under-voltage threshold: 38 ± 0.72 VDC
Optional Dual Redundant AC Power Supply, external
Regulatory Approvals
FCC Part 15, Class A radiated emissions
ANSI/UL 60950, CSA-C22.2 NO. 60950-00
FIPS-140-2 Validated
Joint Interoperability Test Command (JITC) Certified
DISA Information Assurance (IA) Tested
Network Equipment Building Standard (NEBS) Validated, Level 3
A-4
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Technical Specifications
Physical
Physical
17-slot chassis
Card slots: 1 to 12 SAMs, 1 or 2 NIMs, 1 or 2 CPUs, 1 alarm power module
Rack mountable in 19 in (48.26 cm) or 23 in (58.42 cm) racks
Dimensions:
17.5 in (H) x 17.25 in (W) x 15.3 in (D)
44.45 cm (H) x 43.82 cm (W) x 38.86 cm (D)
Weight: 31 lb. (14.1 kg) empty, 48 lbs (21.8 kg) fully loaded
Environment
Operating temperature range: 50 °F to 122 °F (10 °C to 50 °C)
Storage temperature range: –4 °F to 158 °F (–20 °C to 70 °C)
Relative humidity (non-condensing) range: 5% to 80%
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
A-5
Technical Specifications
Broadmore Modules
Broadmore Modules
OC-12c Network Interface Modules (NIMs)
SONET/ SDH OC-12c/ STM-4c 622.08 Mbps: network synchronization
Single mode and multi-mode options
Optical connectors type: SC
Premise Reach:
Type - multi-mode
Wavelength - 1300 nm
Tx Output power - greater than or equal to –18.0 dBm
Rx sensitivity - less than or equal to –28.0 dBm
Intermediate Reach:
Type - single-mode
Wavelength - 1300nm
Tx Output power - greater than or equal to –11.0 dBm
Rx sensitivity- less than or equal to –28.0 dBm
DS3 (T3) Structured Circuit Emulation SAM
1 port per card
BNC connector access on rear panel IOM
CES Version 2 (AAL1) and ITU-T recommendation I.363:
Structured (N x 64) DS3: (1 to 672 ATM PVCs or SVCs per port)
DS3 options: C Bit parity, M13
Clocking: Network, BITS, Adaptive, SRTS, Loop
NOTE: SRTS is a proprietary timing algorithm and may ONLY be used
with specific written prior permission from Carrier Access Corporation.
Additional license fees may apply.
A-6
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Technical Specifications
DS3 Unstructured Circuit Emulation SAM
DS3 Unstructured Circuit Emulation SAM
3 ports per card
BNC connector access on rear panel IOM
Unstructured CES Version 2 (AAL1) and ITU-T recommendation I.363
DS3 options: C Bit parity, clear channel
Clocking: Network, BITS, Adaptive, SRTS, Loop
NOTE: SRTS is a proprietary timing algorithm and may ONLY be used
with specific written prior permission from Carrier Access Corporation.
Additional license fees may apply.
E3 Unstructured Circuit Emulation SAM
3 ports per card
BNC connector access on rear panel IOM
Unstructured CES Version 2 (AAL1) and ITU-T recommendation I.363
E3 options: clear channel
Clocking: Network, BITS, Adaptive, SRTS, Loop
NOTE: SRTS is a proprietary timing algorithm and may ONLY be used
with specific written prior permission from Carrier Access Corporation.
Additional license fees may apply.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
A-7
Technical Specifications
E3 Unstructured Circuit Emulation SAM
A-8
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
APPENDIX
B
Spare Parts List
The most common spare parts are listed below. The fan filters and fuse/fuse cover
assemblies may be ordered from Carrier Access Corporation or directly from the
manufacturer. The manufacturer’s name and part numbers are provided for these items.
Contact your local Sales Account Manager for the latest availability and pricing
information. Please have your system model and serial number available when calling
to facilitate service. In the unlikely event that a part not listed above is required, the
Customer Support Center will provide detailed information on replacing the
component.
Spare Parts List
B-2
P/N
Description
Page
7660-022
Fan Tray Assembly
7660-023
Module, Alarm/Power (APM)
7660-034
Module, Unstructured DS3 SAM, CE, 3-Port
7660-045
Module, Unstructured E3 SAM, 3 Port
7660-110
Module, OC-12/STM-4, NWK INTFC, IR, FC
7660-114
Module, OC-12/STM-4, IR, SC
7660-206
Module, CPU with FIPS, Ethernet and SAR
7660-403
Module, DS3 SAM IOM, 3-Port
7660-404
Module, SAM IOM, 8 RJ48 Connectors
7660-406
Module, NIM IOM
7660-410
Module, Protection IOM
7660-411
Module, CPU IOM
7660-416
Module, Structured DS3 SAM IOM, 1 BNC Port
7660-672
Module, Structured DS3 SAM
51670066-01
LapLink Cable, PC to Broadmore 1750 serial
port cable with DB9-F and DB25-F connectors
on both ends
034-0016
CPU-2 Replacement Battery, Panasonic
VL1220-1HF or equivalent
Bussman
#GMT7.5
Bussman 7.5 Amp Fuse
Bussman
#GMT-X
Bussman Fuse Cover
Globe
Motors
#FFM745
Globe Motors Fan Filter
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
APPENDIX
C
Software Error Messages
In this Appendix:
Overview
System Errors
Setup Errors
Software Error Messages
Overview
Overview
Error messages are displayed for a number of reasons. In many cases an error message
is the result of normal operation and no operator action is required. The messages
shown below are divided into two groups: SYSTEM ERRORS and SETUP ERRORS.
Typically, the SETUP ERRORS are configuration problems which the user can correct
through normal operations as noted in chapters three and four. SYSTEM ERRORS
provide clues about system operation which are meant primarily for Carrier Access
Customer Support analysis.
NOTE: System errors may be observed during normal operation. These
errors may be an indication of events which are not necessarily a problem.
Evaluate the Broadmore 1750 operation according to “Maintenance and
Troubleshooting” on page 8-1, when in doubt.
/*
* Error codes used primarily by the Configuration Manger.
*
* These codes are in a range not used by pSOS. For codes not in
this
* list, see the pSOS manual.
*/
C-2
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Software Error Messages
System Errors
System Errors
The user cannot address these errors. Contact Carrier Access Customer Support.
MALLOC_FAILED
= 0x1000
NULL_POINTER
= 0x1001
NOT_A_NIM
= 0x1002
NOT_A_SAM
= 0x1003
BAD_ATMIFNUM
= 0x1004
/* Illegal value for atmIfNum */
ENTRY_ZERO_NOT_RESERVED = 0x1005
/* Connection table entry 0 must be
* reserved for use by error handling
* code. NO_ATM_IF_INDEX must = 0!
*/
LIKELY_MEMORY_LEAK
= 0x1006
NONSENSICAL_STATE
= 0x1007
/* "Impossible" state of affairs found */
UNREACHABLE_CODE
= 0x1008
/* Unreachable code reached! */
OUTBOUND_MSG_TOO_LONG
= 0x1009
/* Msg to a DSP is too long
INBOUND_MSG_TOO_LONG
*/
= 0x1010
/* Msg from a DSP is too long */
TRANSMIT_ERROR
= 0x1011
/* Error transmitting data to a card */
INVALID_QUEUE_NUMBER
= 0x1012
/* Invalid message queue number */
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
C-3
Software Error Messages
Setup Errors
Setup Errors
These errors can usually be corrected by the user.
BAD_OC3_INPUT_PARAMETER
= 0x1101
BAD_OC3_FRAME_TYPE
= 0x1102
BAD_OC3_CLOCK_MODE
= 0x1103
BAD_OC3_LASER_STATE
= 0x1104
BAD_OC3_SCAMBLE_CONTROL
= 0x1105
BAD_OC3_BIPFEBE_OPTION
= 0x1106
BAD_OC3_PLSCRAMBLE_OPTION = 0x1107
BAD_OC3_XTABLE_FORMAT
= 0x1108
BAD_OC3_RESET_OPTION
= 0x1109
BAD_OC3_LOOP_MODE
= 0x110a
BAD_OC3_ACTION_ID
= 0x110b
BAD_NX64_ACTION_ID
= 0x110c
BAD_NX64_INPUT_PARAMETER
= 0x110d
BAD_NX64_LINE_CODE_FORMAT = 0x110e
C-4
BAD_NX64_TIMING_SOURCE
= 0x110f
BAD_NX64_LOOPMODE
= 0x1110
BAD_NX64_LINE_LENGTH
= 0x1111
BAD_NX64_FRAME_TYPE
= 0x1112
BAD_NX64_TRANSMIT_ALARM
= 0x1113
BAD_NX64_DIAG_CONTROL
= 0x1114
BAD_NX64_SERVICE_TYPE
= 0x1115
INVALID_SLOT_NUMBER
= 0x1116
NULL_SDU_POINTER
= 0x1117
CONFIGURE_ITEM_QSEND_ERR
= 0x1118
CONFIGURE_ITEM_ERROR
= 0x1119
READ_NX64SAMFILE_ERROR
= 0x111a
READ_OC3NIMFILE_ERROR
= 0x111b
WRITE_NX64SAMFILE_ERROR
= 0x111c
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Software Error Messages
Setup Errors
WRITE_OC3NIMFILE_ERROR
= 0x111d
DATABASE_CREATION_ERROR
= 0x111e
WRITE_7665INIFILE_ERROR
= 0x111f
CONMAN_RETRIES_EXCEEDED
= 0x1120
SVCS_CARDTYPE_MISMATCH
= 0x1121
WRONG_RX_TX_DATALEN
= 0x1122
WRONG_LOAD_XTABLE_DATALEN = 0x1123
VPVC_NOT_TRANSLATABLE
= 0x1124
/* VP/VC incompatible with the
* current OC3 Translation Table
* Address Format.
*/
NIM_NOT_FOUND
= 0x1125
CONNECTION_LIMIT_REACHED
= 0x1126
/* Connection table is full */
CHANNELS_ALREADY_IN_USE
= 0x1127
/*VC related errors */
SIG_LINK_NOT_READY
= 0x1128
INVALID_PORT_NUMBER
= 0x1129
INVALID_CHANNEL_NUMBER
= 0x112a
INVALID_CHANNEL_MAP
= 0x112b
INVALID_ATM_IFINDEX
= 0x112c
/* Connection not found
* or ifIndex was not as expected. */
CONNECTION_IN_USE
= 0x112d
/* Connection in use; request not
* allowed at this time.*/
INVALID_DSS
= 0x112e
INVALID_SDU_DATAWORD_LEN
= 0x112f
PVCS_CARDTYPE_MISMATCH
= 0x1130
/* PVCs not supported for card type */
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
C-5
Software Error Messages
Setup Errors
C-6
INVALID_INTERNAL_VCI
= 0x1131
INVALID_CALL_IDENT
= 0x1132
INVALID_CARD_TYPE
= 0x1133
CONFIG_DEFAULTS_USED
= 0x1134
INVALID_MESSAGE_TYPE
= 0x1135
UNKNOWN_ACTION_ID
= 0x1136
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
APPENDIX
D
Sample Network with RFC 1577
Configuration
This Appendix provides a sample network configuration to explain how the Classic
IP (CIP) over ATM functions. CIP provides the path for control of remote
Broadmore 1750s from a master control station over the ATM network.The three
possible configurations are shown in the figure on the next page. These are:
1. The master control station has Ethernet access to the Broadmore 1750
(Broadmore 1750 #1).
2. The master control station does not have Ethernet access to the Broadmore
1750 and the Broadmore 1750 does not have an Ethernet local control station
(Broadmore 1750 # 2).
3. The master control station does not have Ethernet access to the Broadmore
1750 and the Broadmore 1750 has an Ethernet local control station
(Broadmore 1750 #3).
The objective is for the master control station to be able to communicate with all
three Broadmore 1750s. This is done by creating a subnet over the ATM. This
subnet consists of the three Broadmore 1750s; with each having a unique CIP
Ethernet address as shown. Broadmore 1750 #1 has Ethernet connectivity with the
master control station. The ARP server, which is the ATM switch or a suitable
Sample Network with RFC 1577 Configuration
device on the ATM network, maintains the Logical IP Subnetwork (LIS) as
explained in the CIP over ATM section of Chapter 4.
Ethernet traffic for Broadmore 1750 #1 goes through the gateway directly to
Broadmore 1750 #1. Ethernet traffic for Broadmore 1750 #2 and Broadmore 1750
#3 is routed by the gateway to Broadmore 1750 #1. The server uses LIS data to
convert the IP address to an ATM address; the traffic is then sent over the ATM to
the destination Broadmore 1750 where it is interpreted and acted upon as required.
Broadmore 1750 #2 has no Ethernet connection and its gateway is set to null. This
Broadmore 1750 sends all Ethernet traffic over the ATM (to Broadmore 1750 #1)
by default. Broadmore 1750 #1 then forwards the traffic to the gateway and
ultimately to the appropriate Ethernet address.
Broadmore 1750 #3 has an Ethernet gateway (local control station in example
diagram on next page). However, traffic to the master control station will not be
delivered since the local control station has no Ethernet route to the master control
station. A static route is added to Broadmore 1750 #3. This static route sends the
response to all traffic from the master control station back to it via a static route
using LIS conversion.
This use of CIP over ATM provides inband control of remote Broadmore 1750s.
After initial setup, this configuration is essentially transparent to the master control
station.
The master control station addresses:
Broadmore 1750 #1 by IP address,
Broadmore 1750 #2 by CIP address,
Broadmore 1750 #3 by CIP address.
D-2
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Sample Network with RFC 1577 Configuration
Broadmore 1750 #3 addresses its local control station by IP address and the
master control station via static route and Broadmore 1750 #1.
The master control station addresses
Broadmore 1750 #1 as IP 192.40.100.90,
Broadmore 1750 #2 as CIP 10.10.10.174, and
Broadmore 1750 #3 as CIP 10.10.10.63.
The local control station addresses Broadmore 1750 #3
as IP 192.50.200.63.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
D-3
Sample Network with RFC 1577 Configuration
Sample Network with RFC 1577 Classic IP (CIP) Over ATM
IP
submask
gateway
Ethernet
192.40..100.200
255.255.255.0
000.000.000.000
Gateway
Ethernet # 1
IP
submask
gateway
Broadmore
CAM 7665
1750#2#2
100.100.100.174
255.255.255.0
000.000.000.000
CIP
10.10.10.174
ATM subnet mask 255.255.255.0
Static Routes
192.50.200.0 to 10.10.10.63
192.40.100.0 to 10.10.10.90
ATM Fiber
ATM Fiber
Broadmore
1750#1
#1
CAM 7665
Master Control Station
IP
submask
gateway
192.40.100.150
255.255.255.0
192.40.100.200
IP
submask
gateway
192.40.100.90
255.255.255.0
192.40.100.200
CIP
10.10.10.90
ATM subnet mask 255.255.255.0
ATM Cloud
ARP Server located in the ATM Network
Static Route
192.50.200.0 to 10.10.10.63
CIP
(RFC1577)
Subnet
ATM Fiber
IP
submask
gateway
192.50.200.63
255.255.255.0
192.50.200.64
CAM 7665
Broadmore
1750#3#3
CIP
10.10.10.63
ATM subnet mask 255.255.255.0
Ethernet # 2
Static Route
192.40.100.0 to 10.10.10.90
Local Control Station
IP
submask
gateway
D-4
192.50.200.64
255.255.255.0
000.000.000.000
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
APPENDIX
E
Chassis Differences
Chassis Differences
Broadmore Chassis Differences
Broadmore Chassis Differences
This user manual covers the 7665-17B and 7665C chassis. The 7665C chassis is the
newest chassis in the Broadmore series and has the most functionality. There is also a
17A chassis.
Hardware Differences
Major differences between chassis include mid-plane wiring, alarm/power modules,
and fan trays as shown in the following table.
Chassis
Major Assemblies
Part Nos.
Comments
7665-17A
Alarm & Power Module
7660-021
No I/O module
Fan Tray
7660-022
2-wire connection
Alarm & Power Module
7660-023
Requires I/O module
Alarm & Power Module I/O
7660-025
Fan Tray
7660-024
4-wire connection
Alarm & Power Module
7660-023
Requires I/O module
Alarm & Power Module I/O
7660-025
Fan Tray
7660-024
7665-17B
7665-17C
4-wire connection
The 17A and 17C chassis used in the Broadmore 1700 provide the same functionality
and support the same NIM, SAM, and CPU modules. The 17C chassis also uses the
improved Alarm & Power Module and Fan Tray assemblies as the 17B chassis.
The 17B chassis used in the Broadmore 1750 provides 1:4 SAM redundancy and has
been NEBS tested with the OC-12 NIM (7660-114 or 7660-113) and the Un-Structured
DS3 SAMs (7660-034 or 7660-672).
E-2
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Chassis Differences
Software Differences
Software Differences
Software release v3.4.1 was introduced to support the 7665-17C chassis used in the
Broadmore 1700. However, software release 3.4.1 and higher can be used on all
Broadmore chassis.
The CPU module can be moved between different chassis but it must be configured to
recognize the chassis in which it is installed. The chassis version is specified by the
presence of a file pointer in the \CAM directory. For example, a 7665-17C chassis is
identified by the presence of a file named CAM7665.17C in the \CAM directory.
Similarly, the 17A and 17B chassis are identified by the files CAM7665.17A and
CAM7665.17B.
To change the file pointer in the CPU, perform the following steps:
1.
Log in as a Superuser. The default login is: SYSADMIN and password: INITIAL
2.
From the operating system prompt, enter cd cam
3.
Type dir and look for one of the following files: CAM7665.17A, CAM7665.17B,
or CAM7665.17C
4.
If the file name does not correspond to the chassis in which the CPU is installed, the
file must be renamed. For example, to change the chassis version from 17A to 17C,
enter the following command: mv CAM7665.17A CAM7665.17C
5.
If no file can be found, it can be created using the touch command. For example, to
create a file for the 17C chassis, enter the command: touch CAM7665.17C
A CPU shipped with a Broadmore 500 will have the file CAM7665.5, which tells the
CPU to recongnize only the first 5 module slots. This file can also be changed as
described above if the CPU is installed in a different chassis.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
E-3
Chassis Differences
Software Differences
E-4
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
APPENDIX
F
IPv6 Support
In this Appendix:
Overview ... F-2
Configuring IPv6 Addresses for Network Interfaces ... F-2
Pinging over IPv6 ... F-4
Testing route6 Application ... F-5
IPv6 Support
Overview
Overview
This Appendix provides methods for demonstrating IPv6 functionality on Broadmore.
You can find more test methods in the Product Application Notice: Broadmore IPv6
(PAN-07-0001), which is available on the Customer Support website.
Configuring IPv6 Addresses for Network Interfaces
When the system boots up, an IPv6 address of link-local scope is configured on all the
network interfaces. This section provides steps to configure a network interface.
Adding an IPv6 Address
To set the IPv6 address on the Ethernet interface, from the Broadmore shell issue the
command ifconf6 with the argument -a. For example:
Broadmore-> ifconf6 1 -a 3ffe:0:0:13::5
The above command sets the IPv6 address 3ffe:0:0:13::5 on the Ethernet
interface 1.
Displaying an Address
Check the interface configuration.
Broadmore->ifconf6 1
Interface Name
Index number
Type
Inet6 Address
Prefix Mask
Flags
Inet6 Address
Prefix Mask
Flags
F-2
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
1
2
ETHERNET
fe80::2e0:97ff:fe6b:7ffe
ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff::
0 <>
3ffe:0:0:13::5
ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff::
0 <>
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
IPv6 Support
Deleting an IPv6 Address
Physical Address
: 00:e0:97:6b:7f:fe
MTU Size
: 1500
Packets received
: 23
Packets sent
: 2
Mcast Packets received
: 0
Mcast Packets sent
: 0
Total Bytes received
: 1480
Total Bytes sent
: 64
Input errors
: 0
Output errors
: 0
Packets dropped on input : 0
Flags : 0xa8e1 <BROADCAST,RUNNING,UP,MULTICAST>
Deleting an IPv6 Address
To delete the IPv6 address from an Ethernet interface, from the Broadmore shell issue
the command ifconf6 with the argument -d. For example:
Broadmore->ifconf6 1 -d 3ffe:0:0:13::5
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
F-3
IPv6 Support
Pinging over IPv6
Pinging over IPv6
To ping a remote host over IPv6, issue the command ping6. The remote host must
also be configured with an IPv6 address of global scope and must be in the same subnet
as the Broadmore.
Pinging an IPv6 Host
The following example shows a ping6 operation to a host with an IPv6 address
3ffe:0:0:13::4. The subnet in this case is 3ffe:0:0:13::x.
Broadmore->ping6 -c 1 3ffe:0:0:13::4
PING6(56=40+8+8 bytes) 3ffe:0:0:13::4
16 bytes from 3ffe:0:0:13::4, icmp_seq=0 hlim=64
--- ping6 statistics --1 packets transmitted, 1 packets received, 0% packet loss
Ping the Loopback Interface Address
Broadmore->ping6 -c 10 -s 1000 ::1
PING6(1048=40+8+1000
1008 bytes from ::1,
1008 bytes from ::1,
1008 bytes from ::1,
1008 bytes from ::1,
1008 bytes from ::1,
1008 bytes from ::1,
1008 bytes from ::1,
1008 bytes from ::1,
1008 bytes from ::1,
1008 bytes from ::1,
bytes) ::1
icmp_seq=0
icmp_seq=1
icmp_seq=2
icmp_seq=3
icmp_seq=4
icmp_seq=5
icmp_seq=6
icmp_seq=7
icmp_seq=8
icmp_seq=9
hlim=64
hlim=64
hlim=64
hlim=64
hlim=64
hlim=64
hlim=64
hlim=64
hlim=64
hlim=64
--- ping6 statistics --10 packets transmitted, 10 packets received, 0% packet loss
F-4
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
IPv6 Support
Testing route6 Application
Testing route6 Application
This section provides examples for adding, deleting and displaying routes.
Adding an IPv6 Route
To add an IPv6 route, issue the Broadmore command route6. The following
example adds a default route on the Broadmore:
Broadmore->route6 add default gateway 3ffe:0:0:13::4
Adding a Host Route
The following example adds a host route on the Broadmore:
Broadmore->route6 add host dst 3ffe:0:0:14::41 gateway
3ffe:0:0:13::4
Adding a Network Route
The following example adds a network route on the Broadmore:
Broadmore->route6 add net dst 3ffe:0:0:14:: gateway
3ffe:0:0:13::4prefixlen 64
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
F-5
IPv6 Support
Showing all IPv6 routes configured in the Broadmore
Showing all IPv6 routes configured in the Broadmore
To display all the IPv6 routes configured in the system, issue the command route6
with option -a. For example:
Broadmore->route6 -a
Destination
Gateway
Flags
Refcnt
Use
Interface
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------::
3ffe:0:0:13::4
10803
0
0
1
-------------------------------------::1
::1
200005
0
0
6
-------------------------------------3ffe:0:0:13::
3ffe:0:0:13::5
101
1
0
1
-------------------------------------fe80:1::
fe80:1::1
10001
0
0
6
-------------------------------------fe80:2::
fe80:2::2e0:97ff:fe6b:7ffe
101
0
0
1
-------------------------------------ff01::
::1
800001
0
0
6
-------------------------------------ff02:1::
::1
800101
0
0
6
-------------------------------------ff02:2::
fe80:2::2e0:97ff:fe6b:7ffe
800101
0
0
1
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
F-6
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
IPv6 Support
Deleting the Default Route
Deleting the Default Route
The following example deletes the default route on the Broadmore:
Broadmore->route6 delete default gateway 3ffe:0:0:13::4
Deleting a Host Route
The following example deletes a host route on the Broadmore:
Broadmore->route6 delete host dst 3ffe:0:0:14::41 gateway
3ffe:0:0:13::4
Deleting a Network Route
The following example deletes a network route on the Broadmore:
Broadmore->route6 delete net dst 3ffe:0:0:14:: gateway
3ffe:0:0:13::4 prefixlen 64
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
F-7
IPv6 Support
Deleting a Network Route
F-8
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
APPENDIX
G
Broadmore Command List
In this Appendix:
Commands Available at the Command Prompt
Commands Available at the CLI Prompt
Broadmore Command List
Commands Available at the Command Prompt
Commands Available at the Command Prompt
The commands listed below are available immediately after you log into the
Broadmore.
Type ‘help’ at the command prompt to view the list of commands. You can also type
‘help command’ to obtain help on any of the listed commands.
arp
cammi
cat
cd
chargen6tcp
chargen6udp
cli
cmp
comp
copy
cp
daytime6tcp
daytime6udp
del
dir
du
echo
fipsmode
head
help
icmp6StatsShow
ifconf
ifconf6
in6AddrShow
ip6StatsShow
ls
mbStatsShow
md
G-2
netStackUdpStatsShow
netstat
ping
ping6
prefixListShow
pwd
rd
resetSecurID
resetSecurIDIp
rm
rmdir
route
route6
savert
scp
selftest
setbaud
setenv
settimeout
setwrite
showconfig
sigmem
snmpinit
sntpGet
sntpShow
sshdSessionShow
sshdShow
tail
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Broadmore Command List
Commands Available at the CLI Prompt
mem
mkdir
move
mv
nd6Cache
netStackTcpPcbShow
netStackUdpPcbShow
tc6
timeoutStatsShow
touch
ts6
uc6
us6
zeroize
See “Shell Commands (Non-FIPS Mode)” on page 10-19 and “Shell Commands (FIPS
Mode)” on page 11-34 for information about the availability of commands based on
user access level.
Commands Available at the CLI Prompt
The commands listed below are available at the cli> prompt.
Type ? at the command prompt to view the list of commands.
General Commands
up
cls
quit
? (help)
Level Commands
sys
maintain
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
about
G-3
Broadmore Command List
Commands Available at the CLI Prompt
G-4
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
GLOSSARY
Glossary
Acronyms and Abbreviations
AAL
ATM Adaptation Layer
AIS
Alarm Indication Signal
ANSI
American National Standards Institute
APM
Alarm Power Module
APS
Automatic Protection Switching
ARP
Address Resolution Protocol
AS
Available Seconds
ATM
Asynchronous Transfer Mode
AWG
American Wire Gage
BITS
Building Integrated Timing System
Bps
Bits Per Second
Glossary
C
Centigrade
CAM
Communications Access Multiplexer
CAMMI
CAM Management Interface
CBES
C-Bit Errored Seconds (network)
CBR
Constant Bit Rate
CCV
C-Bit Coding Violation
CDVT
Cell Delay Variation Tolerance
CES
C-Bit Errored Seconds
CES
Circuit Emulation SAM
CIP
Classic IP
CLI
Command Line Interface
CPU
Central Processor Unit
CSES
C-Bit Severely Errored Seconds
DSP
Digital Signal Processor
DS-n
Digital Signal level n
EIA
Electronic Industries Alliance
ESD
Electrostatic Discharge
FCC
Federal Communications Commission
FEAC
Far End Alarm Control
FTP
File Transfer Protocol
Glossary-2
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Glossary
GUI
Graphical User Interface
IOM
Input Output Module
IP
Internet Protocol
IR
Intermediate Reach
LCV
Line Coding Violation
LED
Light-Emitting Diode
LES
Line Errored Seconds
LIS
Logical IP Subnetwork
LIU
Line Interface Unit
LOCD
Loss of ATM Cell Delineation
LOF
Loss of Frame
LOP
Loss of Pointer
LOS
Loss of Signal
MAC
Media Access Control
MBR
Multi-bit-rate
Mbps
Megabits per second
MIB
Management Information Base
NEBS
Network Equipment Building System
NIM
Network Interface Module
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Glossary-3
Glossary
OC-n
Optical Carrier level n
PC
Personal Computer
PCB
Printed Circuit Board
PCMCIA
Personal Computer Memory Card International Association
PCV
P-Bit Coding Violation
PES
P-Bit Errored Second
PLOA
Protocol Layer Over ATM
POST
Power On Self Test
PSES
P-Bit Severely Errored Seconds
PWR
Power
RDI
Remote Defect Indicator
RMA
Return Material Authorization
RX
Receive
SAM
Service Access Module
SAR
Segmentation and Reassembly
SEFS
Severely Errored Framing Seconds
SEQ
Sequence Errors
SG
Signal Ground
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol
SONET
Synchronous Optical Network
Glossary-4
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Glossary
TBD
To Be Determined
TX
Transmit
UAS
Unavailable Seconds
UNI
User Network Interface
VGA
Video Graphics Adapter
VOM
Volt Ohm Meter
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Glossary-5
Glossary
Glossary of Terms
ATM Adaptation Layer (AAL)
Type 1
AAL functions in support of constant bit rate, time-dependent traffic
such as voice or video (default in CES-CBR configuration).
Type 2
AAL undefined by International Standards bodies. Its anticipated use is
for variable bit rate video transmission.
Type 3/4
AAL functions in support of variable bit rate, delay-tolerant data traffic
requiring some sequencing and/or error detection support. This was
originally two AAL types, i.e., connection-oriented data traffic requiring
minimal sequencing or error detection support.
Type 5
AAL functions in support of variable bit rate, delay-tolerant connectionoriented data traffic requiring minimal sequencing or error detection
support.
Broadband Bearer Capability
A bearer class field that is part of the initial address message.
BCOB
Broadband Connection Oriented Bearer -- information in the SETUP
message that indicates the type of service requested by the calling user.
BCOB-A
Bearer Class A -- indicated by ATM end user in SETUP message for
connection-oriented, constant bit rate service. The network may perform
internetworking based on AAL information element (default in CESCBR configuration).
BCOB-C
Bearer Class C -- indicated by ATM end user in SETUP message for
connection-oriented, variable bit rate service. The network may perform
internetworking based on AAL information element.
BCOB-X
Bearer Class X -- indicated by ATM end user in SETUP message for
ATM transport service where AAL, traffic type, and timing requirements
are transparent to the network.
Glossary-6
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Glossary
Constant Bit Rate
An ATM service category that supports a constant or guaranteed rate to transport services such
as video or voice as well as circuit emulation requiring rigorous timing control and performance
parameters.
Circuit Emulation Service (CES)
The ATM Forum circuit emulation service interoperability specification provides
interoperability agreements for supporting constant bit rate (CBR) traffic over ATM networks
that comply with the other ATM Forum interoperability agreements. Specifically, this
specification supports emulation of existing TDM circuits over ATM networks.
End-to-End Timing Requirements
Timing requirements that address the restrictions on the amount of time a cell can take in getting
from source to destination.
Point-to-Point Connection
A connection with two endpoints (default in CES-CBR configuration).
Point-to-Multipoint Connection
A collection of associated ATM VC or VP links, with associated endpoint nodes, with the
following properties:
1.
One ATM link, called the Root Link, serves as the root in a simple tree
topology. When the Root Node sends information, all the remaining
nodes on the connection, called the Leaf Nodes, receive copies of the
information.
2.
Each of the Leaf Nodes on the connection can send information directly
to the Root Node. The Root Node cannot distinguish which Leaf is
sending information without additional (higher layer) information.
3.
The Leaf Nodes cannot communicate directly to each other with this
connection type.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Glossary-7
Glossary
Quality of Service (QoS)
A QoS class can have specified performance parameters (specified QoS class) or no specified
performance parameters (unspecified QoS class). QoS classes are inherently associated with a
connection. A specified QoS class specifies a set of performance parameters and the objective
values for each performance parameter identified. Examples of performance parameters that
could be in a QoS class are:
1.
Cell Loss Ratio
2.
Cell Transfer Delay
3.
Cell Delay Variation
A specified QoS class provides a quality of service to an ATM virtual connection (VCC or
VPC) in terms of a subset of ATM performance parameters defined in Section 3 of Appendix
A of the ATM Forum UNI v3.1 specifications. Initially, each service provider should define
objective values for a subset of the ATM performance parameters for at least one of the Service
Classes (Service Class A, B, C, or D) from ITU-T recommendation I.362 in a reference
configuration that may depend on mileage and other factors.
QoS Classes are currently defined as:
Class 1:
supports a QoS that will meet Service Class A performance requirements
(circuit emulation, constant bit rate video). Should yield performance
comparable to current digital private line performance.
Class 2:
supports a QoS that will meet Service Class B performance requirements
(variable bit rate audio and video). Intended for video and audio in
teleconferencing and multi-media applications using packets.
Class 3:
supports a QoS that will meet Service Class C performance requirements
(connection-oriented data transfer). Intended for interoperation of
connection-oriented protocols, such as Frame Relay.
Class 4:
supports a QoS that will meet Service Class D performance requirements
(connectionless data transfer). Intended for interoperation of
connectionless protocols, such as IP or SMDS.
Glossary-8
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Glossary
User Plane Connection
Signaling operates in the control plane (doing control-type functions such as setting up the
connection). After signaling is finished, it drops out of the way and the established connection
is used to move data. This moving of payload data is done in the user plane. Control and user
planes are parts of the conceptual model of ATM.
Variable Bit Rate
An ATM Forum defined service category supporting variable bit rate data traffic with average
and peak traffic parameters.
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Glossary-9
Glossary
Glossary-10
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Index
INDEX
Numerics
1 to 1 Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-26
1 to n Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-25
1+1 Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-25
24-Hour Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-13
–48 VDC Power, Connecting . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-14
A
About Command, CLI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-9
AC Power Supply Connections . . . . . . . . . . 6-12
AC Power Supply Tray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
Access
Chassis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5, 5-15
Clearance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
CLI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-2
USM/VACM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-19
Access Edit Rules, SNMPv3 . . . . . . . . . . . 12-22
Access Policy, SNMPv3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-22
Address
ATM IP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-15
Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-15
Aggregation and Backhaul, TDM Circuit . . . 2-3
Alarm
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4
Port Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
Alarm Power Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10, 1-24
IOM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-25
Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
APM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-24
Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10
IOM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-25
IOM Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-12
Slots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
Application Planning Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
APS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-25
Architecture, System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7, 2-6
Archiving Audit Trails . . . . . . . . . . 10-15, 11-32
AS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7
ATM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-14
Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-11
Bandwidth per Cell Bus . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Bandwidth per Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
IP Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-15
Network Loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Payload Scramble Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-39
Subnet Mask . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-15
ATM by Chassis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-2
Audit Trails . . . . . . 10-10, 10-13, 11-26, 11-30
Archiving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-15, 11-32
Deleting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-15, 11-32
System Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-15, 11-32
Authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-6
Authorized Access to Shell Commands . 10-19,
11-41
Authorized Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-6
Automatic
FEAC Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-45, 7-53
Index
B
Backhaul, TDM Circuit Aggregation and . . . 2-3
Bandwidth per Cell Bus, ATM . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Bandwidth per Module, ATM . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Banner Text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-6, 11-13
Basic Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
Battery, CPU-2 Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
BER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-28
Bit Error Rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-28
BITS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-44, 7-51, 7-52, 7-58
Clock Alarm Loss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-39
Jumpers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9
Timing Redundancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-40
BITS Interface Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7
Brackets, Mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Broadmore 1750
Chassis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
Spares . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
Broadmore Power Input Connector . . . . . . . 6-14
Broadmore/SSHield Management Module . . 1-5
Bus
ATM Bandwidth per Cell . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
C
Cable
Serial Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
Cable Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
Cabling and Compliance Requirements . . . . 6-4
CAM
CONFIG, CURRENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
CONFIG, DEFAULTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
CONFIG, User Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-8
CAMMI Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-7
C-bit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-44, 7-51, 7-52, 7-58
CBR
Service Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-56
Index-2
CCEVS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
CCV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7
Cell
Starvation . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-47, 7-60, 7-61
Cell Bus
ATM Bandwidth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
Cell Starvation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-46
Central Processing Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
CES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7
Change Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-11
Changing Security Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-17
Chassis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8
Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-5, 5-15
Broadmore 1750 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
Cover Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
Cover Removal, Front . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-15
Cover Replacement . . . . . . . . . . .5-13, 5-16
Grounding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-1, 4-4
Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-2
CIP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-4
IP Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-34
Over ATM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-14
Circuit Aggregation and Backhaul, TDM . . . 2-3
Circuit Resiliency, Mission-Critical . . . . . . . 2-4
Clearance, Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
CLI
Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-2
Monitor Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-8
Port Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-6
Scripts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-4
Clock
Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-44, 7-51, 7-52, 7-58
System . . . . . . . . . 10-7, 10-8, 11-14, 11-15
Communities, SNMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-24
Compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
DISA Validated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
FCC Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Index
FIPS 140-2 Validated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
JITC Validation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
National Electrical Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
NEBS Validation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
Compliance Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4
Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
APM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
Broadmore 1750 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1
Cell Bus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
CLI Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-6
Guidelines
OC-12c NIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9, 2-10
IOM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
NIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
SAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
SAM, Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
Configure
DS3 SAM, Structured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-50
DS3 SAM, Unstructured . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-43
E3 SAM, Unstructured . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-57
IP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-9
Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-37
OC-12c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-39
Specific Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-38
STM-4c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-39
Connection
PVC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-63
Retry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-13
Connections
–48 VDC Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-14
AC Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-12
Alarm Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
BITS Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7
CPU IOM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
Ethernet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
NIM IOM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
Optical Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-6
Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-12
Remote Shutdown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
SAM IOM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
Serial Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
Structured DS3 IOM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10
Unstructured DS3-3 IOM . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-9
User Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
Connector, Broadmore Power Input . . . . . . 6-14
Contact Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
Cover
Fuse, Part Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5, 5-15
Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-13, 5-16
CPU . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-10, 1-22, 7-4, 7-11, 7-34
Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
Disk-On-Chip, Replacement . . . . . . . . 2-16
Install Single or Dual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-36
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10
IOM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-23
IOM Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
IOM Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-12
IP Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-34
Reboot Standby . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-36
Redundancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-33
Release Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-36
Slots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
Sync . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-17
Sync Data and SW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-35
System Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-34
CPU-2 Replacement Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
CSES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7
D
Damage Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Date
System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-7, 11-14
Debug Messages, scp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-38
Default
DSA Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-8
Delete
Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-71
Index-3
Index
User . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-12, 11-28
Deleting Audit Trails . . . . . . . . . . . 10-15, 11-32
DISA Validated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
Disk-On-Chip, Part Number . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
DS3
IOM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-17, 1-20
Structured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-19
SAM
Structured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-18
Alarm Configuration
7-53
Configuration
7-50, 7-51
Diagnostics
7-52
Diagnostics Configuration
7-52
Loopback Configuration
7-56
Operational Configuration
7-58
Statistics
8-9
Tributory Configuration
7-55
Unstructured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-15
Alarm Configuration
7-60
Configuration
7-43
Diagnostics
7-45, 7-59
Operational Configuration
7-44
Statistics
8-5
DS3 IOM
Connections, Structured . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10
DS3-3 IOM
Connections, Unstructured . . . . . . . . . . . 6-9
DSA Key
Default . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-8
Installing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-8
Pairs, Generating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-8
E
E3
IOM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-17, 1-20
SAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-16
Unstructured
Configuration
7-57
Index-4
E3-3 IOM
Connections, Unstructured . . . . . . . . . . 6-9
ELAN Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-18
Electrical Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Precautions . viii
Enabling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-18
Equipment Connections, IOM . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
Errors
Messages, Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-1
Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-4
System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-3
Ethernet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-4, 7-14
Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
Excessive
C-bit Errors . 7-46, 7-48, 7-49, 7-53, 7-55,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-61, 7-62
F-bit Errors . 7-46, 7-48, 7-49, 7-53, 7-55,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-60, 7-61, 7-62
FEBE Errors 7-46, 7-48, 7-49, 7-53, 7-55,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-60, 7-61, 7-62
Parity Errors . 7-46, 7-48, 7-49, 7-53, 7-55,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-60, 7-61, 7-62
SNP Errors . . . . . . . . 7-46, 7-48, 7-60, 7-61
F
Factors
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
Installation Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
System Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Fan Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
Fan Tray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-9, 2-16
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-1, 5-15
Installation Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-14
FCC Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
FEAC . . . . . 7-46, 7-47, 7-48, 7-54, 7-61, 7-62
Features
Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
Basic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
Chassis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Index
Fan Tray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
Grounding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
Redundancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7
File Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
Filter, Fan, Part Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
FIPS 140-2 Validated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
FIPS Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
FIPS Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-19
Disabling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-20
Enabling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-18
Frame Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-56
Framing . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-44, 7-51, 7-52, 7-58
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-39
FTP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-23, 8-13
Fuse
Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
G
Gateway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-10
General Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
Generating DSA Key Pairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-8
GR-253-CORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-28
Grounding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
Chassis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Group Edit Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-15
Group Edit Rules, SNMPv3 . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-15
Groups, USM/VACM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-13
Guide
Application Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
Ordering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1, 2-15
Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
Guidelines
OC-12c NIM Configuration . . . . . 2-9, 2-10
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
H
Hardware Revision, Showing . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-9
Help About Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-17
I
ICMP Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-17, 11-24
Idle . . . . . . . .7-46, 7-47, 7-48, 7-54, 7-61, 7-62
Individual
Modules, NIM and IOM . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
Modules, SAM and IOM . . . . . . . . . . . 2-18
Information, Contact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
Input Connector, Broadmore Power . . . . . . 6-14
Input/Output Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
Inspection of Goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Install Single or Dual CPU . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-36
Installation
APM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10
APM IOM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-12
Chassis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
Clearance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
CPU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10
CPU IOM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-12
Factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
Fan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
Fan Tray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-15
Fan Tray, Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-14
Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6
Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1, 5-3
Module Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
NIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9
NIM IOM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-11
Planning Factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2, 5-2
SAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10
SAM IOM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-11
SAM IOM, Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-11
Sequence, Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4, 5-15
Tools, Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
Index-5
Index
Installing the DSA Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-8
Instructions, General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
Interface
BITS Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7
Optical Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-6
Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
ADT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
FIPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
Logical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
Physical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
User . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
User Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
IOM
Alarm Power Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-25
APM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-25
Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
CPU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-23
DS3, Structured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-19
DS3, Unstructured . . . . . . . . . . . 1-17, 1-20
E3-3, Unstructured . . . . . . . . . . . 1-17, 1-20
NIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-21
Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-34
IOM Connections
CPU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
Structured DS3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10
Unstructured DS3-3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-9
Unstructured E3-3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-9
User Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
IP
Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-14, 7-34
ICMP Messages . . . . . . . . . . . 10-17, 11-24
Traffic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-14
IP Address
CPU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-34
Index-6
IPv6
Addresses
Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F-2
Configuring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F-2
Deleting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F-3
Displaying . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F-2
Pinging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F-4
Routes
Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F-5
Displaying . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F-6
IPv6 Ready . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
J
JITC Validated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
Jumpers
BITS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9
Reboot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-12
Resync . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-11
K
Key
DSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-8
Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-8
Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-6
L
LANE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-4, 7-34
Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-17
Configuration Items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-18
IP Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-18, 7-34
Version . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-18
LapLink Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
LCV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7
LECS ATM Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-18
LES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7
ATM Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-18
Line
Code Violation . . . . . . . . . .7-49, 7-54, 7-62
LIS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-14
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Index
Loading, ATM Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Local/BITS Timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-40
Locations
Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6
LOF . .7-46, 7-47, 7-48, 7-54, 7-60, 7-61, 7-62
Log
System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-15, 11-32
Logging In . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-5, 11-9
Logging in
with SecurID Disabled . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-9
with SecurID Enabled . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-11
Logical
Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
IP Subnetwork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-14
Login
SFTP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-21, 11-43
Log-in Banner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-6, 11-13
Loopback . . . . . . . 7-46, 7-51, 7-52, 7-55, 7-59
Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-39
LOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-48, 7-54, 7-62
M
M13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-44, 7-51, 7-52, 7-58
MAC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-11
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1
Management Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
Management, Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
Managing Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-10
Media Access Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-11
Memory
Non-Volatile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-50
Messages, Software Error . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-1
Mission-Critical
Circuit Resiliency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Modifying a User . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-12, 11-29
Module
ATM Bandwidth per . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10, 7-37
Configure, How to . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-38
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
Individual, NIM and IOM . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
Individual, SAM and IOM . . . . . . . . . . 2-18
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1, 5-3
Installation Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4
Installation Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Installation Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
Locations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6
NIM and IOM Sets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
NIM, Individual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
Options
NIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
SAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-18
Redundancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-25
SAM and IOM, Individual . . . . . . . . . . 2-18
SAM and IOM, Sets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-18
Serial Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-9
Monitor Activity
ATM by Chassis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-2
CPU Sync . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-17
Mounting Brackets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
N
National Electrical Code Requirements . . . . . .v
NEBS Validated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .v
Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-45
AIS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-46, 7-59
Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-47, 7-61
BERT Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-45, 7-59
FEAC Loopback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-45
Interface Connections, Optical . . . . . . . . 6-6
Interface Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
Interface Module, Options . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
Loading, ATM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
RAI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-45, 7-59
Network Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-51
NIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-25, 7-38
Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
Index-7
Index
Configuration Guidelines
OC-12c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9, 2-10
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9
IOM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
IOM Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
IOM Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-11
IOMs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-40
OC-12c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
Redundancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-26
Sets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
Slots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4
STM-4c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13
Non-reverting Protection Mode . . . . . . . . . 7-25
Non-Volatile Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-50
Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
Notifications, Target . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-37
Notify
Filters, SNMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-40
Profiles, SNMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-42
NTP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-8, 11-15
O
OC-12c
BITS/Timing Redundancy . . . . . . . . . . 7-40
Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-39
NIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13
NIM Configuration Guidelines . . 2-9, 2-10
Port Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-39
Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-3
Optical Interface Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-6
Options
Broadmore 1750 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
Network Interface Module . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
Network Interface Module (NIM) . . . . 2-17
Service Access Module . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-18
Service Access Module (SAM) . . . . . . 2-18
Ordering Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1, 2-15
Index-8
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2
Module Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4
SNMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-2
P
Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-7, 7-10
PCV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7
Peak Cell Rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-15
PES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7
Physical Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
Planning Factors
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Planning Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
PLOA/AAL5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-14
Port
Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-6
Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-44, 7-51, 7-52, 7-58
Name . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-44, 7-51, 7-52, 7-58
Port Connections, Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
Port Connections, Serial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-9, 6-3
AC Power Supply Tray . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
Power Input Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-14
Power Supply
Redundancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-24
Power Supply Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-12
Optional AC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-12
Power, Connecting –48 VDC . . . . . . . . . . . 6-14
Power-on
Default . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-72
Power-up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
Precautions
Electrical Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-2, 5-2
Product Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
Protection
Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-25
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Index
IOM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-21
SAM IOM Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-11
Protection IOM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
PSES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7
Purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
PVC
Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-63
Input Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-63
R
Rack Mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
RAI . . .7-46, 7-47, 7-48, 7-54, 7-60, 7-61, 7-62
Reboot Jumpers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-12
Reboot Standby CPU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-36
Receipt of Goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Receipt of Product . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
Received . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-40
Redundancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-25
Release CPU Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-36
Remote Shutdown Connections . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
Remove Chassis Cover, Front . . . . . . . . . . . 5-15
Remove Chassis Covers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
Replace Chassis Cover, Front . . . . . . . . . . . 5-16
Replace Chassis Covers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-13
Report Damage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Requirements
Cabling and Compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4
Electrical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
resetSecurID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-39
Residual Data and Memory Volatility . . . . 11-50
Resiliency, Mission-Critical Circuit . . . . . . . 2-4
Restore Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-71
Resync Jumpers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-11
Reverting, Protection Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-25
RFC 1577 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-4, 7-14
RS-232 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-4
RSA SecurID Authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-2
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
S
Safety Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi
SAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-38
Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
Configuration, Protection . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
DS3, Structured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-18
DS3, Unstructured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-15
E3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-16
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10
IOM Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
IOM Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-11
IOM, Protection, Installation . . . . . . . . 5-11
Sets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-18
Slots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4
Sanitation Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-51
SAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-22
Save Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-70
scp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-38
Screen Display Annotation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5
Scripts, CLI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-4
SD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-28
SecureCRT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
SecureFX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
SecurID
Authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-2
Disabling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-24
Enabling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-21
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-49
Security
Audit Trails . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-13, 11-30
Change User ID . . . . . . . . . . . 10-11, 11-27
Changing Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-17
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-2, 11-2
Guidance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-3, 11-3
Help About . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-17
Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
Logging In . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-5, 11-9
Index-9
Index
Residual Data and Memory Volatility 11-50
Sanitation Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-51
Shell Commands . . . . . . . . . . 10-19, 11-34
SNMP Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-2
SEFS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7
SEQ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7
Sequence Errors . . . . . . . .7-46, 7-48, 7-60, 7-61
Serial
Number, Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-9
Port Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
Port. LapLink Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
Server Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-15
Service
AIS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-46, 7-53, 7-59
Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . .7-48, 7-54, 7-55, 7-62
BERT Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-45, 7-59
Clocking Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-55
FEAC Loopback . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-45, 7-53
RAI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-45, 7-59
Service Access Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
Service Access Module Options . . . . . . . . . 2-18
Service Access Module, Protection . . . . . . . 1-10
settimeout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-35
Setup Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-4
SFTP Login . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-21, 11-43
Shell Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-19, 11-34
Authorized Access . . . . . . . . . 10-19, 11-41
fipsmode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-19
Shutdown Connections, Remote . . . . . . . . . 6-11
Signal
Degradation (SD) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-28
Slot
Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4
Slots
APM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
CPU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
NIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
SAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
Index-10
SNMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-4
Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-19
Access Edit Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-22
Access Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-22
Communities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-24
Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-1
Group Edit Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-15
Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-13
Notifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-37
Notify Filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-40
Notify Profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-42
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-2
Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-3
Target Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-35
Targets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-33
Trap Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-28
User Edit Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-12
Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-8
USM/VACM Configuration . . . . . . . . 12-6
View Edit Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-18
Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-16
SNMP Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-18, 11-25
SNP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7
SNTP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-8, 11-15
Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-15
Error Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-1
Revision, Showing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-9
Upgrades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
SONET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-26
Tx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-39
Spares
Broadmore 1750 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
SRTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-44, 7-58
sshdSessionShow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-37
sshdShow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-35
SSHield . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-2
Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-2
24-hour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-13
DS3, Structured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-9
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Index
DS3, Unstructured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-5
Monitor, CLI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-8
NIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4
OC-12c/STM-4c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-3
PLOA/AAL5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-14
SAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4
Slot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4
STM-4c
BITS/Timing Redundancy . . . . . . . . . . 7-40
Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-39
Port Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-39
Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-3
STM-4c NIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13
Structured
DS3 IOM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-19
DS3 IOM Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10
DS3 SAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-18
Subnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-10
Mask . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-18
Supply Connections
AC Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-12
DC Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-14
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-12
SVC
Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-65
Input screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-65
SVCs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-13
Sync
CPU Data and SW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-35
Sync CPU Data and SW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-35
Sync CPU Data Only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-35
Sync Operating SW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-35
System
Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7, 2-6
Clock . . . . . . . . . . 10-7, 10-8, 11-14, 11-15
Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-70
Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-3
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7
Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-34
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
Planning Factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Services Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-8
System Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-15, 11-32
T
Target
Notifications, SNMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-37
Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-35
Targets, SNMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-33
TDM Circuit Aggregation and Backhaul . . . 2-3
Telnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-4
Threshold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-28
Time
System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-7, 11-14
Timing
BITS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-40
Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
Fan Tray Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-15
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4, 5-15
Module Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
Transmit Timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-39
Trap
Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-28
Table Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-32
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1
U
UAS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7
UNI Version . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-19
Unpacking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Unstructured
DS3 IOM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-17, 1-20
DS3 SAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-15
E3-3 IOM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-17, 1-20
E3-3 SAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-16
Unstructured DS3-3 IOM Connections . . . . . 6-9
Unstructured E3-3 IOM Connections . . . . . . 6-9
Upgrades
Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
Index-11
Index
User
Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-26
Change ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-11, 11-27
Deleting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-12, 11-28
Equipment Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
ID Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-10, 11-26
Interface Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-4
Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
Modifying . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-12, 11-29
Security Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-23
User Edit Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-12
User Edit Rules, SNMPv3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-12
Users
Managing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-10
USM/VACM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-8
USM/VACM
Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-19
Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-6
Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-13
Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-8
Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-16
Z
zeroize . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-40
V
Validation
DISA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
FIPS 140-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
JITC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
NEBS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
View Edit Rules, SNMPv3 . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-18
Views, USM/VACM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-16
Virtual Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-20
Virtual Path . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-20
W
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix
Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . x
Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix
Product Returns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii
Index-12
Broadmore 1750 - Release 4.6
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