SGI | Rackable C1000 | User`s guide | SGI Rackable C1000 User`s guide

SGI Rackable C1000 User`s guide
SGI® Rackable™ C2108-TY10 System
User’s Guide
007-5688-001
COPYRIGHT
© 2010 SGI. All rights reserved; provided portions may be copyright in third parties, as indicated elsewhere herein. No permission is granted to copy, distribute,
or create derivative works from the contents of this electronic documentation in any manner, in whole or in part, without the prior written permission of SGI.
LIMITED RIGHTS LEGEND
The software described in this document is “commercial computer software” provided with restricted rights (except as to included open/free source) as specified
in the FAR 52.227-19 and/or the DFAR 227.7202, or successive sections. Use beyond license provisions is a violation of worldwide intellectual property laws,
treaties and conventions. This document is provided with limited rights as defined in 52.227-14.
The electronic (software) version of this document was developed at private expense; if acquired under an agreement with the USA government or any
contractor thereto, it is acquired as “commercial computer software” subject to the provisions of its applicable license agreement, as specified in (a) 48 CFR
12.212 of the FAR; or, if acquired for Department of Defense units, (b) 48 CFR 227-7202 of the DoD FAR Supplement; or sections succeeding thereto.
Contractor/manufacturer is SGI, 1140 E. Arques Avenue, Sunnyvale, CA 94085.
TRADEMARKS AND ATTRIBUTIONS
Altix, SGI, and the SGI logo are registered trademarks and SGI ProPack is a trademark of SGI in the United States and/or other countries worldwide.
Fusion-MPT, Integrated RAID, MegaRAID, and LSI Logic are trademarks or registered trademarks of LSI Logic Corporation.InfiniBand is a registered
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All other trademarks mentioned herein are the property of their respective owners.
Adaptec, HostRAID, and the Adaptec logo are registered trademarks of Adaptec Inc.
Record of Revision
007-5688-001
Version
Description
001
September 2010
Original printing.
iii
Contents
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Record of Revision .
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About This Guide .
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.xvii
Introduction
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Server Board Features .
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Processors .
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Memory .
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Serial ATA .
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PCI Expansion Slots
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UIO .
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Onboard Controllers/Ports .
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ATI Graphics Controller
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Other Features .
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Server Chassis Features .
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System Power .
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Serial ATA Subsystem .
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Front Control Panel .
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Cooling System .
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Server Installation .
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Unpack the System .
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Prepare for Setup
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Choose a Setup Location
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Warnings and Precautions .
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Rack Precautions
007-5688-001
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Server Precautions .
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Rack Mounting Considerations .
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9
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Ambient Operating Temperature
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Reduced Airflow
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Mechanical Loading .
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. 9
Circuit Overloading .
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Reliable Ground .
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. 10
Install the System into a Rack
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. 10
Separate the Sections of the Rack Rails .
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Outer Rack Rails.
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Install the Outer Rails to the Rack .
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Install the Inner Rails .
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Install the Server in a Rack .
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Access the Inside of the Chassis.
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. 14
Check the CPUs (processors)
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Check the System Memory .
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. 16
Install Expansion PCI Cards.
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Check all Cable Connections and Airflow .
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Check the Drive Bay Setup .
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. 16
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Check the System Disk Drives .
Check the Airflow .
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. 17
Supply Power to the System
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. 17
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System Interface.
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. 19
Overview .
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. 19
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Control Panel Buttons
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. 19
Control Panel LEDs .
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. 20
Overheat/Fan Fail
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. 20
NIC1 .
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NIC2 .
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HDD .
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Power
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. 22
SATA Drive Carrier LEDs .
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. 22
Power Fail
vi
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Install the Inner Rail Extension .
Check the Node Board Setup.
3
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007-5688-001
Contents
4
5
System Safety .
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. 23
Electrical Safety Precautions
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. 23
General Safety Precautions .
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. 24
ESD Precautions.
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Advanced Severboard Setup .
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. 27
Handling the Node Board
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ESD Precautions
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. 28
Unpacking .
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. 28
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Connecting the Control Panel .
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. 29
Serverboard Details .
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. 30
Serverboard Quick Reference .
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. 32
I/O Ports .
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Installing Memory .
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. 32
Install DIMMs .
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. 32
Memory Configuration .
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. 35
Memory DIMM Layout
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Memory DIMM Rules .
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. 37
Mixing Processors and DIMM Speeds .
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. 39
Hard Disk Drives (SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 Chassis) .
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. 46
PCI Card Slotting .
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Installing Selected PCI cards
007-5688-001
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. 48
Advanced Chassis Setup .
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. 49
Static-Sensitive Device .
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. 51
Power Supply
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Precautions .
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Unpacking .
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Control Panel
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. 51
System Fans .
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. 52
System Fan Failure .
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. 52
Replacing System Fans .
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. 53
Removing a Fan
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. 53
Installing a New Fan .
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. 53
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Contents
Drive Bay Installation/Removal .
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. 53
Accessing the Drive Bays
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. 53
SATA Drive Installation.
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. 54
Mounting a SATA Drive in a Drive Carrier
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. 54
Installing/Removing Hot-swap SATA Drives .
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. 54
Hard Drive Backplane .
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. 56
DVD-ROM Drive Installation .
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. 56
Accessing the Inside of the Chassis
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. 56
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. 56
Power Supply Failure
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. 56
Removing/Replacing the Power Supply.
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. 57
Power Supply.
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Removing the Power Supply
7
BIOS .
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. 57
Installing a New Power Supply.
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. 57
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. 59
Starting BIOS Setup Utility .
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. 59
How To Change the Configuration Data .
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. 60
Starting the Setup Utility .
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. 60
Main Setup
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. 60
System Time/System Update
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. 61
Serverboard .
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. 61
Processor.
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. 62
System Memory .
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. 62
Advanced Setup Configurations .
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. 62
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. 63
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Boot Features
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Quick Boot .
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. 63
Quiet Boot .
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. 64
AddOn ROM Display Mode
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. 64
Bootup Num-Lock .
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. 64
Wait For 'F1' If Error
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. 64
Hit 'Del' Message Display .
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. 64
Interrupt 19 Capture
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. 64
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. 64
Power Button Function .
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. 65
Power Configuration
viii
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007-5688-001
Contents
Restore on AC Power Loss
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. 65
Watch Dog Timer .
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. 65
Processor and Clock Options .
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. 65
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Ratio CMOS Setting .
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. 65
C1E Support
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. 65
Hardware Prefetcher (Available when supported by the CPU)
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. 66
Adjacent Cache Line Prefetch (Available when supported by the CPU) .
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. 66
Intel Virtualization Technology (Available when supported by the CPU)
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. 66
Execute-Disable Bit Capability (Available when supported by the OS and the CPU)
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. 66
Simultaneous Multi-Threading (Available when supported by the CPU) .
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. 66
Active Processor Cores
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. 66
Intel EIST Technology.
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. 67
Intel TurboMode Technology (Available when Intel EIST Technology is enabled) .
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. 67
Intel C-STATE Tech .
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. 67
C-State package limit setting (Available when Intel® C-State Tech is enabled) .
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. 67
C1 Auto Demotion .
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. 67
C3 Auto Demotion .
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. 67
Clock Spread Spectrum
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. 67
Advanced Chipset Control .
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. 68
CPU Bridge Configuration.
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. 68
Serial Debug Message Level .
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. 70
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. 70
Crystal Beach/Direct Memory Access (DMA)
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. 70
Crystal Beach/ Direct Cache Access (DCA) .
Intel VT-d .
North Bridge Configuration
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. 71
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. 71
SouthBridge Configuration .
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. 71
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. 71
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USB Functions .
007-5688-001
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Legacy USB Support .
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. 71
USB 2.0 Controller
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. 71
USB 2.0 Controller Mode .
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. 72
BIOS EHCI Hand-Off .
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. 72
Intel PCI-X Hub Configuration.
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. 72
PCI Bus A0/B0 Frequency.
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. 72
.
ix
Contents
I/O Port Decode.
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. 72
RAS Sticky Error Handling.
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. 72
VGA 16-Bit Decode
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. 72
IDE and SATA Configuration .
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. 73
SATA#1 Configuration .
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. 73
Primary IDE Settings .
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. 73
Hot Plug.
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. 76
IDE Detect Timeout (sec) .
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. 76
PCI/PnP Configuration .
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. 76
Clear NVRAM .
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. 76
Plug & Play OS .
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. 76
PCI Latency Timer .
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. 77
PCI IDE BusMaster.
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. 77
Load Onboard LAN1 Option ROM/Load Onboard LAN2 Option ROM .
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. 77
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. 77
Super IO Device Configuration .
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Serial Port1 Address/ Serial Port2 Address.
Remote Access Configuration .
Remote Access .
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. 77
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. 77
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. 77
Hardware Health Monitor
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. 79
CPU Overheat Alarm .
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. 79
CPU Temperature/System Temperature
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. 79
ACPI Configuration .
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. 81
ACPI Version Features .
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. 81
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ACPI APIC Support
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. 81
APIC ACPI SCI IRQ
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. 82
Headless Mode .
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. 82
High Performance Event Timer
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. 82
Trusted Computing .
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. 82
TCG/TPM Support .
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. 82
IPMI Configuration .
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. 83
Status of BMC .
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. 83
View BMC System Event Log .
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. 83
Clear BMC System Event Log .
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. 83
007-5688-001
Contents
Set LAN Configuration .
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. 84
IP Address Configuration .
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. 84
Parameter Selector .
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. 84
IP Address .
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. 84
Current IP Address in BMC
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. 84
MAC Address Configuration .
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. 85
Parameter Selector .
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. 85
Mac Address .
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. 85
Current Mac Address in BMC .
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. 85
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Subnet Mask Configuration
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. 85
Parameter Selector .
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. 85
Subnet Mask
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. 85
SEL PEF Configuration
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. 86
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. 86
PEF Action Global Control
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. 86
PEF Support
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Alert Startup Delay
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. 86
PEF Alert Startup Delay .
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. 86
Startup Delay .
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. 86
PEF Startup Delay .
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. 87
BMC Watch Dog Timer Action
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. 87
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. 87
View Event Log
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. 87
Mark all events as read.
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. 88
Clear event log .
DMI Event Log .
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. 88
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. 88
Boot Configuration .
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. 89
Boot Device Priority
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. 90
Security Settings.
Hard Disk Drives
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. 91
Removable Drives .
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. 91
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. 91
Save Changes and Exit .
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. 92
Exit Options .
007-5688-001
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Discard Changes and Exit .
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. 92
Discard Changes
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. 93
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xi
Contents
xii
Load Optimal Defaults .
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. 93
Load Fail-Safe Defaults .
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. 93
A
BIOS Error Codes .
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. 95
B
System Specifications
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. 97
Processors
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. 97
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Chipset
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BIOS .
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Memory Capacity
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007-5688-001
Figures
007-5688-001
Figure 1-1
SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 Server .
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1
Figure 1-2
Intel 5520/ICH10R Chipset System Block Diagram.
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6
Figure 2-1
Separating and Installing the Rack Rails .
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Figure 2-2
Installing the Server in a Rack
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Figure 2-3
Accessing the Inside of the System .
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Figure 3-1
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Figure 3-2
System Power On Button
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Figure 3-3
Power Fail LED .
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Figure 3-4
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Figure 3-5
LAN1 Network Activity NIC1 LED .
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Figure 3-6
LAN2 Network Activity NIC2 LED .
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Figure 3-7
Hard Drive Activity LED
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Figure 3-8
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Figure 4-1
Installing the Onboard Battery
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Figure 5-1
Control Panel Header Pins
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Figure 5-2
I/O Ports Locations .
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Figure 5-3
Node Board Features .
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Figure 5-4
DIMM Installation
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Figure 5-5
Installing DIMM Modules
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Figure 5-6
Removing a DIMM Module .
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Figure 5-7
Memory DIMM Locations .
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Figure 5-8
Memory Block Diagram .
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Figure 5-9
SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 Disk Drive Locations .
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Figure 5-10
Base PCI card configuration .
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Figure 6-1
Front and Rear Chassis Views
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Figure 6-2
Removing System Cooling Fans .
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Figure 6-3
Mounting a SATA Drive in a Carrier
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Figure 6-4
Removing SATA Drive Carrier .
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xiii
Figures
xiv
Figure 7-1
System Overview Main BIOS Setup Screen .
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Figure 7-2
Advanced Settings Screen
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Figure 7-3
Security Settings Screen .
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Figure 7-4
Boot Settings Screen .
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Figure 7-5
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007-5688-001
Tables
Tables
007-5688-001
Table 5-1
Jumper Descripton
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Table 5-2
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Table 5-3
Non-Optimal Memory DIMM Configurations .
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Table A-1
BIOS Error Codes
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xv
About This Guide
This guide provides an overview of the installation, architecture, general operation, and
descriptions of the major components in the SGI® Rackable® C2108-TY10 server. It also provides
basic troubleshooting and maintenance information, BIOS information, and important safety and
regulatory specifications.
Audience
This guide is written for owners, installers, system administrators, and users of SGI Rackable
C2108-TY10 computer systems. It is written with the assumption that the reader has a good
working knowledge of computers and computer systems.
Chapter Descriptions
The following topics are covered in this guide:
007-5688-001
•
Chapter 1, “Introduction”
Provides an overview SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 server components.
•
Chapter 2, “Server Installation”
Provides a quick setup checklist to get the SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 operational.
•
Chapter 3, “System Interface”
Describes several LEDs on the control panel as well as others on the SATA drive carriers
that keep you constantly informed of the overall status of the system as well as the activity
and health of specific components.
•
Chapter 4, “System Safety”
Provides system safety information.
•
Chapter 5, “Advanced Severboard Setup”
Provides procedures to install a node board into the SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 chassis,
connect the data and power cables, and install expansion cards.
xvii
xviii
•
Chapter 6, “Advanced Chassis Setup”
Describes the steps required to install components and perform maintenance on the SGI
Rackable C2108-TY10 chassis.
•
Chapter 7, “BIOS”
Describes the AMI BIOS Setup Utility for the SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 severboard.
•
Appendix A, “BIOS Error Codes,”
Provides BIOS error code information.
•
Appendix B, “System Specifications,”
Describes system component specifications.
007-5688-001
:
Related Publications
The following SGI and LSI documents are relevant to the SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 server:
•
MegaRAID SAS Software User’s Guide, publication number, publication number
860-0488-00x
•
MegaRAID 1078-based SAS RAID Controllers User’s Guide, publication number
860-0489-00x
•
LSI Integrated SAS for RAID User’s Guide, publication number 860-0476-00x
•
SGI ProPack 6 for Linux Start Here, publication number 007-5482-00x
•
SGI InfiniteStorage series documentation
•
Man pages (online)
You can obtain SGI documentation (as well as the pertinent LSI books), release notes, or man
pages in the following ways:
•
Refer to the SGI Technical Publications Library at http://docs.sgi.com. Various formats are
available. This library contains the most recent and most comprehensive set of online books,
release notes, man pages, and other information.
•
You can also view man pages by typing man <title> on a command line.
SGI systems include a set of Linux® man pages, formatted in the standard UNIX® “man page”
style. Important system configuration files and commands are documented on man pages. These
are found online on the internal system disk (or DVD-CD) and are displayed using the man
command. For example, to display the man page for the xscsidisktest command, type the
following on a command line:
man xscsidisktest
For additional information about displaying man pages using the man command, see man(1).
In addition, the apropos command locates man pages based on keywords. For example, to
display a list of man pages that describe disks, type the following on a command line:
apropos disk
For information about setting up and using apropos, see apropos(1).
007-5688-001
xix
Conventions
The following conventions are used throughout this document:
Convention
Meaning
Command
This fixed-space font denotes literal items such as commands, files,
routines, path names, signals, messages, and programming language
structures.
variable
The italic typeface denotes variable entries and words or concepts being
defined. Italic typeface is also used for book titles.
user input
This bold fixed-space font denotes literal items that the user enters in
interactive sessions. Output is shown in nonbold, fixed-space font.
[]
Brackets enclose optional portions of a command or directive line.
...
Ellipses indicate that a preceding element can be repeated.
man page(x)
Man page section identifiers appear in parentheses after man page names.
GUI element
This font denotes the names of graphical user interface (GUI) elements such
as windows, screens, dialog boxes, menus, toolbars, icons, buttons, boxes,
fields, and lists.
Product Support
SGI provides a comprehensive product support and maintenance program for its products. SGI
also offers services to implement and integrate Linux applications in your environment.
xx
•
Refer to http://www.sgi.com/support/
•
If you are in North America, contact the Technical Assistance Center at
+1 800 800 4SGI or contact your authorized service provider.
•
If you are outside North America, contact the SGI subsidiary or authorized distributor in
your country.
007-5688-001
:
Reader Comments
If you have comments about the technical accuracy, content, or organization of this document,
contact SGI. Be sure to include the title and document number of the manual with your comments.
(Online, the document number is located in the front matter of the manual. In printed manuals, the
document number is located at the bottom of each page.)
You can contact SGI in any of the following ways:
•
Send e-mail to the following address: techpubs@sgi.com
•
Contact your customer service representative and ask that an incident be filed in the SGI
incident tracking system.
•
Send mail to the following address:
SGI
Technical Publications
46600 Landing Parkway
Fremont, CA 94538
SGI values your comments and will respond to them promptly.
007-5688-001
xxi
Chapter 1
1. Introduction
Important: SGI Rackable systems may sometimes require driver versions that are not included
in the original operating system release. SGI provides these required drivers on the SGI Rackable
Driver CD, which ships with all SGI Rackable systems, and on systems that are pre-installed in
the factory. For more information, check with your sales or service representative.
The SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 server is a 2U rackmount server (see Figure 1-1). It has two
main subsystems: the 2U server chassis and the dual processor serverboard.
sgi
Figure 1-1
SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 Server
In addition to the serverboard and chassis, various hardware components have been included with
the SGI Rackable C2108-TY10, as listed below:
• One slim DVD-ROM drive (optional)
• Three 8-cm chassis fans
007-5688-001
1
1: Introduction
• Two passive heatsinks
• One air shroud
• SATA and SAS Accessories
–
One SAS/SATA backplane
–
One 2-ft. SATA cable
–
Two 35-cm SATA cables
–
Two 40-cm SGPIO cables
–
Two 48-cm SATA cables
–
One 70-cm SATA cable
–
Eight drive carriers
• One rackmount kit
• One CD containing drivers and utilities
2
007-5688-001
Server Board Features
Server Board Features
At the heart of the SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 system is a dual processor serverboard based on
the Intel 5520 + ICH10R chipset and designed to provide maximum performance. Below are the
main features of the serverboard.
Processors
The serverboard supports single or dual Intel® Xeon® 5500 processors. The Intel® Xeon® 5200
and 5400 processors are not supported.
Memory
The serverboard has eighteen DIMM slots that can support up to 144 GB of DDR3 1333/1066/800
registered ECC SDRAM (see “Installing Memory” on page 32).
Serial ATA
A Serial ATA controller is integrated into the ICH10R (South Bridge) portion of the chipset to
provide a six-port 3 Gb/s SATA subsystem, which is RAID 0, 1, 10 and 5 supported. The SATA
drives are hot-swappable units.
Note: The SATA drives are hot-swappable units if your operating systems has RAID support.
PCI Expansion Slots
The dual processor serverboard has two low-profile PCI Express 2.0 x8 slots, one low-profile PCI
Express x4 slot (in a x8 slot), three low-profile 64-bit 133/100 MHz PCI-X slots and one UIO slot
(see “PCI Card Slotting” on page 46)
UIO
The serverboard is a specially-designed serverboard that features Universal I/O (UIO) technology.
UIO serverboards have a PCI-Express x8 connector that can support one of two types of UIO card
types, L8i and H8iR (low-profile only) to add SAS ports, additional LAN ports, and so on, to the
serverboard.
007-5688-001
3
1: Introduction
Note: The SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 does not come with a UIO card pre-installed.
When the RAID option is ordered, this slot is filled with the RAID card.
Onboard Controllers/Ports
One onboard ATA/100 connector, which supports IDE hard drives or ATAPI devices. The
color-coded I/O ports include one COM port (an additional COM header is located on the
serverboard), a VGA (monitor) port, two USB 2.0 ports (two additional USB headers and one
Type A port are included on the serverboard), PS/2 mouse and keyboard ports and two gigabit
Ethernet ports.
ATI Graphics Controller
The dual processsor serverboard features an integrated ATI video controller based on the ES1000
32 MB graphics chip. The ES1000 was designed specifically for servers, featuring low power
consumption, high reliability and superior longevity.
Other Features
Other onboard features that promote system health include onboard voltage monitors, a chassis
intrusion header, auto-switching voltage regulators, chassis and CPU overheat sensors, virus
protection and BIOS rescue.
Server Chassis Features
The following is a general outline of the main features of the SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 server
chassis.
System Power
The SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 server chassis features a redundant 720W power supply
composed of two separate power modules. This power redundancy feature allows you to replace
a failed power supply without shutting down the system.
4
007-5688-001
Server Chassis Features
Serial ATA Subsystem
The SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 server chassis supports up to six 3 Gb/s Serial ATA drives. The
SATA drives are hot-swappable units and are connected to a backplane that provides power and
control.
Note: The operating system you have installed must support RAID to enable the hot-swap
capability of the SATA drives.
Front Control Panel
The control panel on the SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 provides you with system monitoring and
control. LEDs that indicate system power, HDD activity, network activity, system overheat and
power supply failure. A main power button and a system reset button are also included. In
addition, two USB ports and one serial port have been incorporated into the control panel to
provide front side USB and COM port access.
Motherboard
The SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 server chassis is an ATX form factor chassis designed to be used
in a 2U rackmount configuration. The motherboard provides one UIO slot, seven low-profile
expansion slots, one COM port, a VGA port, two USB 2.0 ports, PS/2 mouse and keyboard ports
and two Gigabit Ethernet ports.
Cooling System
The SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 server chassis has an innovative cooling design that includes
three 8-cm hot-plug system cooling fans located in the middle section of the chassis. An air shroud
channels the airflow from the system fans to efficiently cool the processor area of the system. The
power supply module also includes a cooling fan.
Figure 1-2 shows a general block diagram of the Intel 5520/ICH10R chipset.
007-5688-001
5
1: Introduction
C
PCI-E x8 Slot
#0
#1
PCI-x Slot
PCI-x Slot
#2
PCI-x Slot
#3
PCI-Ex16 Slot
#4
CSI
B CPU1
CPU2
E
F
C
#6
Port1
Ports
3,4
J11
D
#2
D
E
E
F
F
#1
#1
DDR3 DIMM
C
B
D
A
#1
#2
#2
DDR3 DIMM
B
#3
#3
#3
DDR3 DIMM
A
DDR3 DIMM
A
#3
#3
#3
PCI-E x8 Slot
#2
#2
SEPC
#2
DDR3 DIMM
DDR3 DIMM
#1
#1
#1
Port0
Ports
1,2
82575
Intel 5520
RJ45RJ45
Ports
5,6
Ports
7,8 Ports ESI CLINK
9,10
Chnl A
SST25
PXH
VF016
Chnl B
SPI
x1
JMB368
x4
DMI CLINK
PE
5
ICH10R
PE
4-1
SIMLP
PCI
DDR2
IDE
PCI-E x8 Slot
#5
VGA
ES1000
SATA
SATA #1
SATA #2
SATA #3
SATA #4
SATA #5
SATA #6
LPC
SIO
83627
Floppy
VGA
Figure 1-2
6
Intel 5520/ICH10R Chipset System Block Diagram
007-5688-001
Chapter 2
2. Server Installation
This chapter provides a quick setup checklist to get the SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 operational.
Unpack the System
Inspect the shipping container that the SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 was shipped in and note if it
was damaged in any way. If the server shows damage, file a damage claim with the carrier who
delivered it.
Decide on a suitable location for the rack that supports the weight, power requirements, and
environmental requirements of the SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 server. It should be situated in a
clean, dust-free environment that is well ventilated. Avoid areas where heat, electrical noise, and
electromagnetic fields are generated. Place the server rack near a grounded power outlet. Refer to
“Warnings and Precautions” on page 8.
Prepare for Setup
The shipping container should include two sets of rail assemblies, two rail mounting brackets and
the mounting screws that you will use to install the system into a rack.
Read this section in its entirety before you begin the installation procedure.
Choose a Setup Location
Leave enough clearance in front of the rack to enable you to open the front door completely (~25
inches) and approximately 30 inches of clearance in the back of the rack to allow for sufficient
airflow and ease in servicing.
007-5688-001
7
2: Server Installation
Warnings and Precautions
Rack Precautions
8
!
Warning: The SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 server weighs 57 lbs (26 kg). Always use proper
!
Warning: Extend the leveling jacks on the bottom of the rack to the floor with the full
!
Warning: Attach stabilizers to the rack in single rack installations. Failure to do so can
!
Warning: Couple racks together in multiple rack installations. Failure to do so can result
!
Warning: Be sure the rack is stable before extending a component from the rack. Failure
!
Warning: Extend only one component at a time. Extending two or more components
lifting techniques when your move the server. Always get the assistance of another qualified
person when you install the sever in a location above your shoulders. Failure to do so may
result in serious personal injury or damage to the equipment.
weight of the rack resting on them. Failure to do so can result in serious injury or death.
result in serious injury or death.
in serious injury or death.
to do so can result in serious injury or death.
simultaneously may cause the rack to tip over and result in serious injury or death.
007-5688-001
Rack Mounting Considerations
Server Precautions
•
Review the electrical and general safety precautions.
•
Determine the placement of each component in the rack before you install the rails.
•
Install the heaviest server components in the bottom of the rack first, and then work up.
•
Use a regulating uninterruptible power supply (UPS) to protect the server from power surges
and voltage spikes and to keep your system operating in case of a power failure.
•
Allow the hot-pluggable SAS/SATA drives and power supply modules to cool before
touching them.
•
Always keep the rack’s front door and all panels and components on the servers closed when
not servicing to maintain proper cooling.
Rack Mounting Considerations
Ambient Operating Temperature
If installed in a closed or multi-unit rack assembly, the ambient operating temperature of the rack
environment may be greater than the ambient temperature of the room. Therefore, consideration
should be given to installing the equipment in an environment compatible with the manufacturer’s
maximum rated ambient temperature (35º C or 95º F).
Reduced Airflow
Equipment should be mounted into a rack so that the amount of airflow required for safe operation
is not compromised.
Mechanical Loading
Equipment should be mounted into a rack so that a hazardous condition does not arise due to
uneven mechanical loading.
007-5688-001
9
2: Server Installation
Circuit Overloading
Consideration should be given to the connection of the equipment to the power supply circuitry
and the effect that any possible overloading of circuits might have on overcurrent protection and
power supply wiring. Appropriate consideration of equipment nameplate ratings should be used
when addressing this concern.
Reliable Ground
A reliable ground must be maintained at all times. To ensure this, the rack itself should be
grounded. Particular attention should be given to power supply connections other than the direct
connections to the branch circuit (for example, the use of power strips, and so on).
Install the System into a Rack
This section provides information on installing the SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 into a rack. If the
system has already been mounted into a rack, refer to “Check the Node Board Setup” on page 14.
There are a variety of rack units on the market, which may mean the assembly procedure will
differ slightly. You should also refer to the installation instructions that came with the rack unit
you are using.
Note: This rail will fit a rack between 26" and 33.5" deep.
Separate the Sections of the Rack Rails
The chassis package includes two rail assemblies in the rack mounting kit. Each assembly consists
of two sections: an inner fixed chassis rail that secures directly to the server chassis and an outer
fixed rack rail that secures directly to the rack itself.
To separte the inner and outer rails, perform the following steps:
1.
Locate the rail assembly in the chassis packaging as shown in Figure 2-1.
2. Extend the rail assembly by pulling it outward.
3. Press the quick-release tab
10
007-5688-001
Install the System into a Rack
4. Separate the inner rail from the outer rail assembly.
Rail Assembly
1
Extending the Rails
2
3
QuickRelease Tab
4
Separating the
Inner Rail Extension
7
5
6
Figure 2-1
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Separating and Installing the Rack Rails
11
2: Server Installation
Outer Rack Rails
Outer rails attach to the rack and hold the chassis in place. The outer rails for the chassis extend
between 30 inches and 33 inches.
Install the Outer Rails to the Rack
5. Secure the back end of the outer rail to the rack, using the screws provided (see Figure 2-1).
6. Press the button where the two outer rails are joined to retract the smaller outer rail.
7. Hang the hooks of the rails onto the rack holes and if desired, use screws to secure the front
of the outer rail onto the rack.
8. Repeat steps 1-3 for the remaining outer rail.
Install the Inner Rail Extension
The SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 chassis includes a set of inner rails in two sections: inner rails and
inner rail extensions. The inner rails are pre-attached to the chassis, and do not interfere with
normal use of the chassis if you decide not to use a server rack The inner rail extension is attached
to the inner rail to mount the chassis in the rack.
Install the Inner Rails
Perform the following steps to install the inner rails:
12
1.
Place the inner rail extensions on the side of the chassis aligning the hooks of the chassis
with the rail extension holes. Make sure the extension faces "outward" just like the
pre-attached inner rail.
2.
Slide the extension toward the front of the chassis.
3.
Secure the chassis with 2 screws as illustrated. Repeat steps for the other inner rail
extension.
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Install the System into a Rack
Install the Server in a Rack
!
Warning: The SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 server weighs 57 lbs (26 kg) Always use proper
lifting techniques when your move the server. Always get the assistance of another qualified
person when you install the sever in a location above your shoulders. Failure to do so may
result in serious personal injury or damage to the equipment.
You should now have rails attached to both the server chassis and the rack unit. The next step is
to install the server into the rack (refer to Figure 2-2).
1.
Extend the outer rails as shown in Figure 2-2.
2. Align the inner rails of the chassis with the outer rails on the rack.
3. Slide the inner rails into the outer rails, keeping the pressure even on both sides. When the
chassis has been pushed completely into the rack, it should click into the locked position.
4. Optional screws may be used to secure the to hold the front of the chassis to the rack.
Figure 2-2
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Installing the Server in a Rack
13
2: Server Installation
Check the Node Board Setup
Use the following sections to open the top cover and check that each node board is properly
installed and all the connections have been made.
Access the Inside of the Chassis
1.
Grasp the two handles on either side and pull the unit straight out until it locks (you will hear
a “click”).
2. Depress the two buttons on the top of the chassis to release the top cover as shown in
Figure 2-3.
3. Lift the top cover from the chassis.
Note: To remove the system from the rack completely, depress the locking tabs on the chassis
rails (push the right-side tab down and the left-side tab up) to continue to pull the system out
past the locked position.
14
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Check the Node Board Setup
Figure 2-3
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Accessing the Inside of the System
15
2: Server Installation
Check the CPUs (processors)
You may have one or two processors installed into the serverboard. Each processor needs its own
heatsink.
Check the System Memory
Your server system is shipped with system memory installed. Make sure all DIMMs are fully
seated in their slots. For details on adding system memory, refer to Chapter 3.
Install Expansion PCI Cards
You can install six expansion PCI cards in the system. Refer to Chapter 3 for details on installing
PCI expansion cards.
Check all Cable Connections and Airflow
Make sure all power and data cables are properly connected and not blocking the chassis airflow.
Refer to Chapter 3 for details on cable connections.
Check the Drive Bay Setup
Next, you should check to make sure the system disk drives and disk drive backplane have been
properly installed and all connections have been made.
Check the System Disk Drives
All drives are accessable from the front of the server. For servicing the DVD-ROM, you will need
to remove the top chassis cover. The hard drives can be installed and removed from the front of
the chassis without removing the top chassis cover. Depending upon your system configuration,
your system may have one or more drives installed. For detailed information about how to install
disk drives, see “Hard Disk Drives (SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 Chassis)” on page 45.
If you have more than 4TB of storage, you must create multiple volumes to fully utilize your
RAID disks.
16
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Check the Node Board Setup
Refer to the MegaRAID SAS Software User's Guide, SGI publication number 860-0488-00x and
the MegaRAID 1078-based SAS RAID Controllers User's Guide, SGI publication number
860-0489-00x for more information about configuring your system disks.
A slim DVD-ROM may be preinstalled in your server. Refer to Chapter 6 if you need to install a
DVD-ROM disk drive to the system.
Depending upon your system's configuration, your system may have one or more drives already
installed. If you need to install hard drives, please refer to Chapter 6.
Check the Airflow
Airflow is provided by three hot-swappable 8-cm chassis cooling fans. The system component
layout was carefully designed to direct sufficient cooling airflow to the components that generate
the most heat.
Note: Make sure that all power and data cables have been routed in such a way that they do not
block the airflow generated by the fans.
Supply Power to the System
If necessary, install the system in a rack (refer to “Install the System into a Rack” on page 10), and
connect the power cord from the power supply module into a power strip or power distribution
unit (PDU). SGI also recommends that you use an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) source.
007-5688-001
17
Chapter 3
3. System Interface
Overview
There are several LEDs on the control panel as well as others on the SATA drive carriers to keep
you constantly informed of the overall status of the system as well as the activity and health of
specific components. There are also two buttons on the chassis control panel.
Control Panel Buttons
There are two buttons located on the front of the chassis: a reset button and a power on/off button.
Use the reset button to reboot the system as shown in Figure 3-1.
Figure 3-1
System Reset Button
Figure 3-2 shows the the main power button, which is used to apply or turn off the main system
power. Turning off system power with this button removes the main power but keeps standby
power supplied to the system.
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19
3: System Interface
Figure 3-2
System Power On Button
Control Panel LEDs
The control panel located on the front of the chassis has several LEDs. These LEDs provide you
with critical information related to different parts of the system. This section explains what each
LED indicates when illuminated and any corrective action you may need to take.
Power Fail
The power fail LED ndicates a power supply module has failed as shown in Figure 3-3. The
second power supply module will take the load and keep the system running but the failed module
will need to be replaced. Refer to Chapter 6 for details on replacing the power supply. This LED
should be off when the system is operating normally.
Figure 3-3
Power Fail LED
Overheat/Fan Fail
When the red overheat/fan LED flashes (shown in Figure 3-4), it indicates a fan failure. When on
continuously it indicates an overheat condition, which may be caused by cables obstructing the
airflow in the system or the ambient room temperature being too warm. Check the routing of
20
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Control Panel LEDs
the cables and make sure all fans are present and operating normally. You should also check to
make sure that the chassis covers are installed. This LED will remain flashing or on as long as the
indicated condition exists.
Figure 3-4
Overheat/Fan Fail LED
NIC1
When flashing, the NIC1 LED indicates network activity on the LAN1 port (see Figure 3-5).
1
Figure 3-5
LAN1 Network Activity NIC1 LED
NIC2
When flashing, the NIC2 LED indicates network activity on the LAN2 port (see Figure 3-6).
2
Figure 3-6
LAN2 Network Activity NIC2 LED
HDD
The HDD LED indicates hard drive drive activity when flashing (see Figure 3-7).
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21
3: System Interface
Figure 3-7
Hard Drive Activity LED
Power
The power LED indicates power is being supplied to the system's power supply units is shown in
Figure 3-8. This LED should normally be illuminated when the system is operating.
Figure 3-8
Power On LED
SATA Drive Carrier LEDs
Each SATA drive carrier has two LEDs, as follows:
22
•
Green: When illuminated, the green LED on the SATA drive carrier indicates drive activity.
A connection to the SATA backplane enables this LED to blink on and off when that
particular drive is being accessed. Please refer to Chapter 6 for instructions on replacing
failed drives.
•
Red: The red LED indicates a SATA drive failure. If one of the drives fails, you should be
notified by your system management software. Please refer to Chapter 6 for instructions on
replacing failed drives.
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Chapter 4
4. System Safety
This chapter describes basic safety precautions.
Electrical Safety Precautions
Basic electrical safety precautions should be followed to protect yourself from harm and the SGI
Rackable C2108-TY10 system from damage, as follows:
• Be aware of the locations of the power on/off switch on the chassis as well as the room's
emergency power-off switch, disconnection switch or electrical outlet. If an electrical accident
occurs, you can then quickly remove power from the system.
• Do not work alone when working with high voltage components.
• Power should always be disconnected from the system when removing or installing main system
components, such as the serverboard, memory modules and SATA drives. When disconnecting
power, you should first power down the operating system first and then unplug the power cords.
The unit has more than one power supply cord. Disconnect two power supply cords before
servicing to avoid electrical shock.
• When working around exposed electrical circuits, another person who is familiar with the
power-off controls should be nearby to switch off the power if necessary.
• Use only one hand when working with powered-on electrical equipment. This is to avoid making
a complete circuit, which will cause electrical shock. Use extreme caution when using metal tools,
which can easily damage any electrical components or circuit boards they come into contact with.
• Do not use mats designed to decrease static electrical discharge as protection from electrical
shock. Instead, use rubber mats that have been specifically designed as electrical insulators.
• The power supply power cords must include a grounding plug and must be plugged into
grounded electrical outlets.
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23
4: System Safety
• Serverboard Battery
Caution: There is a danger of explosion if the onboard battery is installed upside down,
which will reverse its polarites (see Figure 4-1). This battery must be replaced only with the
same or an equivalent type recommended by the manufacturer. Dispose of used batteries
according to the manufacturer's instructions.
!
• DVD-ROM Laser
Caution: This server may have come equipped with a DVD-ROM drive. To prevent direct
exposure to the laser beam and hazardous radiation exposure, do not open the enclosure or
use the unit in any unconventional way.
!
• Mainboard replaceable soldered-in fuses: Self-resetting PTC (Positive Temperature Coefficient)
fuses on the mainboard must be replaced by trained service technicians only. The new fuse must
be the same or equivalent as the one replaced. Contact technical support for details and support.
Lithium battery
Battery holder
Figure 4-1
Installing the Onboard Battery
General Safety Precautions
Follow these rules to ensure general safety:
24
•
Keep the area around the SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 system clean and free of clutter.
•
The SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 system weighs approximately 57 lbs (25.9 kg.) when fully
loaded. When lifting the system, two people at either end should lift slowly with their feet
spread out to distribute the weight. Always keep your back straight and lift with your legs.
007-5688-001
ESD Precautions
•
Place the chassis top cover and any system components that have been removed away from
the system or on a table so that they won't accidentally be stepped on.
•
While working on the system, do not wear loose clothing such as neckties and unbuttoned
shirt sleeves, which can come into contact with electrical circuits or be pulled into a cooling
fan.
•
Remove any jewelry or metal objects from your body, which are excellent metal conductors
that can create short circuits and harm you if they come into contact with printed circuit
boards or areas where power is present.
•
After accessing the inside of the system, close the system back up and secure it to the rack
unit with the retention screws after ensuring that all connections have been made.
ESD Precautions
!
Caution: Electrostatic discharge (ESD) is generated by two objects with different electrical
charges coming into contact with each other. An electrical discharge is created to neutralize this
difference, which can damage electronic com ponents and printed circuit boards.
The following measures are generally sufficient to neutralize this difference before contact is
made to protect your equipment from ESD:
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•
Use a grounded wrist strap designed to prevent static discharge.
•
Keep all components and printed circuit boards (PCBs) in their antistatic bags until ready for
use.
•
Touch a grounded metal object before removing the board from the antistatic bag.
•
Do not let components or PCBs come into contact with your clothing, which may retain a
charge even if you are wearing a wrist strap.
•
Handle a board by its edges only; do not touch its components, peripheral chips, memory
modules or contacts.
•
When handling chips or modules, avoid touching their pins.
•
Put the serverboard and peripherals back into their antistatic bags when not in use.
•
For grounding purposes, make sure your computer chassis provides excellent conductivity
between the power supply, the case, the mounting fasteners and the serverboard.
25
Chapter 5
5. Advanced Severboard Setup
This chapter includes procedures to install a node board into the SGI Rackable C2108-TY10
chassis, connect the data and power cables, and install expansion cards.
A layout and quick reference chart is included in this chapter for your reference. See “Serverboard
Quick Reference” on page 32.
Note: Some software products are protected with software license keys derived from the
Media Access Control (MAC) Ethernet address. When you replace a node board, the MAC
Ethernet address changes. If you are using such a product, you must request a new license key after
replacing the node board. Contact your local customer support office
http://www.sgi.com/support/supportcenters.html
!
Caution: Install the chassis cover after you have completed accessing the components inside the
server to maintain proper airflow and cooling for the system.
Handling the Node Board
!
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Caution: Electrostatic discharge (ESD) can damage electrostatic-sensitive devices inside the SGI
Rackable C2108-TY10 server. Use the ESD precautions described below when you handle printed
circuit boards or other components in the system. The following measures are generally sufficient
to protect your equipment from electric static discharge.
27
5: Advanced Severboard Setup
ESD Precautions
•
Use a grounded wrist strap designed to prevent electrostatic discharge.
•
Touch a grounded metal object before removing any board from its antistatic bag.
•
Handle each printed circuit board (PCB) by the edges; do not touch the components,
peripheral chips, memory modules, or gold contacts on the PCB.
•
When handling chips or modules, avoid touching the pins.
•
Place the node board, expansion PCI cards, or other boards and components into antistatic
bags when not in use.
•
Make sure your computer chassis provides a conductive path between the power supply, the
case, the mounting fasteners, and the node board to chassis ground.
Unpacking
!
Caution: The node board is shipped in antistatic packaging to avoid electrostatic discharge
damage. Be sure to use ESD precautions when you unpack replacement components for the SGI
Rackable C2108-TY10 server. Failure to do so can result in damage to the equipment.
Connecting the Control Panel
JF1 contains header pins for various front control panel connectors. See Figure 5-1 for the pin
locations of the various front control panel buttons and LED indicators.
All JF1 wires have been bundled into a single cable to simplify this connection. Make sure the red
wire plugs into pin 1 as marked on the board. The other end connects to the Control Panel PCB
board, located just behind the system status LEDs on the chassis.
28
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I/O Ports
20
Ground
NMI
x (Key)
x (Key)
Power On LED
Vcc
HDD LED
Vcc
NIC1 LED
Vcc
NIC2 LED
Vcc
OH/Fan Fail LED
Vcc
Power Fail LED
Vcc
Ground
Reset (Button)
Ground
Power (Button)
2
Figure 5-1
19
1
Control Panel Header Pins
I/O Ports
The I/O ports are color coded in conformance with the PC 99 specification. See Figure 5-2 below
for the colors and locations of the various I/O ports.
Figure 5-2
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I/O Ports Locations
29
5: Advanced Severboard Setup
Serverboard Details
The 2U SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 chassis has one node board. It can be configured with 1 or 2
processor sockets. When configuring two processors, the following rules apply:
•
Both processor sockets must have identical revisions, core voltage, and bus/core speed.
•
The stepping between the two processors on a node board must be identical.
•
If only one processor is installed, the single processor socket must be installed in the socket
labeled CPU1 (See Figure 5-3). The other socket remains empty.
See Figure 5-3 for location of CPU 1.
30
007-5688-001
J15
PWR I2C Fan7
CPU1 Fan
P2 DIMM3B
JPW1 JPW4
JAR
JPW3
JPP1
P2 DIMM2B
JPP0
P2 DIMM2C
FP CTRL
P2 DIMM2A
Fan1
P2 DIMM3C
CPU1
P2 DIMM1A
P2 DIMM1B
JF1
P2 DIMM1C
Fan2
COM1
JCOM1
JUSB1 JKM1
USB0/1 KB/MS
Fan6
P2 DIMM3A
JP6
Fan5
XDP
J110 J111 J112 J113 J114 J115 J116 J117 J118
Serverboard Details
J21
CPU2 Fan
JD1 LE1
P1 DIMM1A
P1 DIMM2C
P1 DIMM2B
P1 DIMM2A
P1 DIMM3C
P1 DIMM3B
P1 DIMM3A
Fan3
J6
VGA
CTRL
Slot6 PCI-E2 X8 SEPC J11
Clear CMOS
JBT1
J5
X8DTN+
SIMLP IPMI
P1 DIMM1B
Slot5 PCI-E X4
J12
J4
Intel IOH-D36
Battery
SPKR
SP1
J13
SPI
Slot4 PCI-E2 X8
J3
Slot3 PCI-X 100/133MHZ
PXH
Slot2 PCI-X 100/133MHZ
J2
JPL1
Floppy
BIOS
LAN
CTRL
IDE
Fan8
LAN2
JLAN2
LAN1
JLAN1
CPU2
P1 DIMM1C
OH LED
JOH1
VGA
J108 J107 J106 J105 J104 J103 J102 J101 J100
JG1
Intel ICH9R
JIDE1
Figure 5-3
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JWF1
I-SATA1
JL1
I-SATA0
J16
USB2/3
JUSB2
J8 JUSB3
USB4
I-SATA3
J7
USB7
I-SATA5
JCOM2
USB6
I-SATA4
COM2
WOL
JP4
IPMB
J14
JK1
JWOR1
J10
JPG1
Slot0 PCI-U
T-SGPIO2
I-SATA2
J1
T-SGPIO1
Slot1 PCI-X 133MHZ
S I/O
Fan4
JP3
Node Board Features
31
5: Advanced Severboard Setup
Serverboard Quick Reference
Table 5-1
Jumper Descripton
Jumper
Description
Default Setting
JBT1
CMOS Clear
See Section 5-10
J12
SMB to PCI-Exp. Slots
Pins 2-3 (Disabled)
J13
SMB to PCI-X Slots
Pins 2-3 (Disabled)
J21
Watch Dog Enable/Disable
Pins 1-2 (Reset)
JP3
IDE Enable/Disable
Pins 1-2 (Enabled)
JPG1
VGA Enable/Disable
Pins 1-2 (Enable)
JPL1
LAN1/2 Enable/Disable
Pins 1-2 (Enabled)
Installing Memory
!
Caution: Exercise extreme care when installing or removing DIMM modules to prevent any
possible damage.
SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 serverboard supports up to 144 GB of DDR3 1333/1066/800
registered ECC SDRAM in 18 DIMM slots. Three-way interleaved memory is supported. For
optimal memory performance, install DIMMs three at a time. Use memory modules of the same
type and speed. See the following table for memory installation.
Install DIMMs
Perform the following steps to install memory modules, as follows:
1.
32
Insert the DIMM module vertically and press down into its slot until it snaps into place. Pay
attention to the alignnment notch at the bottom of the module to avoid installing incorrectly
(see Figure 5-4 and Figure 5-5). Insert the desired number of DIMMs into the memory slots,
beginning with DIMM #1A and DIMM #2A, then DIMM #3A and DIMM #4A, etc. (see
007-5688-001
Installing Memory
Table 5-2). Always spread DIMMs across all three banks for each CPU (see Figure 5-3).
Gently press down on the DIMM module until it snaps into place in the slot. Repeat for all
modules.
2. To remove a DIMM module, use your thumbs to gently push the release tabs near both ends
of the module (see Figure 5-4). This should release it from the slot (see Figure 5-6).
1
Front view
Notch
Notch
2
Release tab
Release tab
Top view of DDR3 slot
Figure 5-4
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DIMM Installation
33
5: Advanced Severboard Setup
Figure 5-5
34
Installing DIMM Modules
007-5688-001
Installing Memory
Figure 5-6
Removing a DIMM Module
Memory Configuration
When configured with two processors, the SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 can be configured with a
maximum of eighteen memory DIMMs.
Unlike previous processors, the Nehalem-EP processor has the memory controller embedded
within the processor socket. There are nine memory DIMMs that are controlled by each processor.
If the node board is configured with only one processor the total number of memory DIMMs
supported with be reduced from 18 to 9.
See Figure 5-7 for memory DIMM locations.
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35
J110 J111 J112 J113 J114 J115 J116 J117 J118
P2 DIMM-3A
P2 DIMM-3B
P2 DIMM-3C
P2 DIMM-2A
P2 DIMM-2B
P2 DIMM-2C
CPU1
P2 DIMM-1A
P2 DIMM-1B
CPU2
Figure 5-7
J108 J107 J106 J105 J104 J103 J102 J101 J100
P2 DIMM-1C
P1 DIMM1C
P1 DIMM1B
Front of Chassis
Rear of Chassis
5: Advanced Severboard Setup
P1 DIMM1A
P1 DIMM2C
P1 DIMM2B
P1 DIMM2A
P1 DIMM3C
P1 DIMM3B
P1 DIMM3A
Memory DIMM Locations
Memory DIMM Layout
The SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 Nehalem-EP memory controller has three channels with three
memory DIMM slots on each channel.
36
007-5688-001
Figure 5-8
D
D
R
3
D
D
R
3
D
D
R
3
Memory
Channel 2
D
D
R
3
D
D
R
3
D
D
R
3
Memory
Channel 3
D
D
R
3
D
D
R
3
D
D
R
3
Slot B
Slot A
Nehalem-EP
Memory
Channel 1
Slot C
Installing Memory
Memory Block Diagram
Memory DIMM Rules
Use the following rules when installing memory DIMMs:
The minimum memory allowed on SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 cluster nodes is defined by
whether or not the compute nodes are diskless:
•
Diskless compute nodes: 8GB per node memory minimum
•
Diskful compute nodes: 4GB per node memory minimum
Memory DIMM Rules
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•
Populate the DIMMs in the furthest slot from the processor for channel 1, first. Then
channels 2 - 3.
•
A minimum of one DIMM per processor must always be present - one for each processor.
•
Mixing DIMM Sizes - When mixing DIMMs on a channel that has a mixed number of ranks,
it is recommended to have the total number of ranks on the channel be even to avoid
bandwidth degradation. Example: placing a single-rank DIMM and a dual-rank DIMM on
the same channel is not desirable. The total number of ranks would be three - an odd number
37
5: Advanced Severboard Setup
of ranks. If this option is used, populate the higher ranking DIMMs furthest from the
processor (slot A).
•
For maximum memory performance the DIMMs within a node must be identical in:
–
Speed (1066 or 1333 Mtransfer/sec)
–
Number of ranks (1 or 2)
Note: The speed of the memory controller will reduce to the lowest speed DIMM on the channel.
•
When configuring the memory for maximum performance, it is critical that the memory
DIMM capacity is balanced across all memory channels.
•
When configuring the memory for maximum performance, it is critical that the memory
DIMM capacity is balanced across all memory channels.
Note: The key words are “memory capacity”.
Note: The maximum speed of the memory controller changes based on the number of DIMMs
placed on the channel:
•
Three DIMMs on the channel the maximum speed supported is 800 MT/s
•
Two DIMMs on the channel the maximum speed supported is 1066 MT/s
•
One DIMM on the channel the maximum speed supported is 1333 MT/s
Note: Reason for the decrease in memory performance - as more DIMMs are added to a channel
the noise on the channel increases and the voltage levels decrease due to signal loading. As a result
we have to lower the frequency that we run the channel as more DIMMs are added.
See Table 5-2 for the recommended DIMM configurations that will achieve the maximum
memory performance.
Memory DIMM configurations that are describe in Table 5-3 will run with degraded performance.
38
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Installing Memory
Mixing Processors and DIMM Speeds
The Nehalem-EP processor is rated for the maximum DIMM speed that it will support.
Configuring memory DIMMs that have a DIMM speed that is greater than the processors
capability to support will result in the memory DIMM running at the maximum speed of the
processor - not the maximum speed of the DIMM. See the following table:
Processor
Memory DIMM
Actual Memory
DIMM Speed
1066 MT/s capable CPUs:
LSX-CPU-L5520
LSX-CPU-E5520
LSX-CPU-E5530
LSX-CPU-E5540
LSX-MEM-2G-1066
LSX-MEM-4G-1066
LSX-MEM-8G-1066
1066 MT/s
(Based on 1 or 2 DIMMs
per channel)
1066 MT/s capable CPUs:
LSX-CPU-L5520
LSX-CPU-E5520
LSX-CPU-E5530
LSX-CPU-E5540
LSX-MEM-2G-1333
LSX-MEM-4G-1333
LSX-MEM-8G-1333
1066 MT/s
(Based on 1 or 2 DIMMs
per channel)
1333 MT/s capable CPUs:
LSX-CPU-L5550
LSX-CPU-E5560
LSX-CPU-E5570
LSX-MEM-2G-1066
LSX-MEM-4G-1066
LSX-MEM-8G-1066
1066 MT/s
(Based on 1 or 2 DIMMs
per channel)
1333 MT/s capable CPUs:
LSX-CPU-L5550
LSX-CPU-E5560
LSX-CPU-E5570
LSX-MEM-2G-1333
LSX-MEM-4G-1333
LSX-MEM-8G-1333
1333 MT/s
(Based on 1 DIMM per
channel)
Three conditions must be met to have a memory speed of 1333 MT/s:
•
The processor must be capable of supporting 1333 MT/2
•
The DIMM must be capable of running at 1333 MT/s
•
Only one DIMM is placed on each channel.
Placing three DIMMs on the channel will cause the DIMMs to run at 800 MT/s.
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39
5: Advanced Severboard Setup
Table 5-2
Recommended Memory DIMM Configurations
Processor 1
40
Memory/
Core
Total Node
Memory
Size
Maximum
Mem
Speed
(MT/s)
1.5 GB/core
12 GB
1333
3 GB/core
24 GB
1066
3 GB/core
24 GB
1333
4.5 GB/core
36 GB
800
6 GB/core
48 GB
1066
6 GB/core
48 GB
1333
9 GB/core
72 GB
800
12 GB/core
96 GB
1066
Processor 2
Channel
1
Channel
2
Channel
3
Channel
1
Channel
2
Channel
3
1A: 2GB
2A: 2GB
3A: 2GB
1A: 2GB
2A: 2GB
3A: 2GB
1B: none
2B: none
3B: none
1B: none
2B: none
3B: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1A: 2GB
2A: 2GB
3A: 2GB
1A: 2GB
2A: 2GB
3A: 2GB
1B: 2GB
2B: 2GB
3B: 2GB
1B: 2GB
2B: 2GB
3B: 2GB
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1A: 4GB
2A: 4GB
3A: 4GB
1A: 4GB
2A: 4GB
3A: 4GB
1B: none
2B: none
3B: none
1B: none
2B: none
3B: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1A: 2GB
2A: 2GB
3A: 2GB
1A: 2GB
2A: 2GB
3A: 2GB
1B: 2GB
2B: 2GB
3B: 2GB
1B: 2GB
2B: 2GB
3B: 2GB
1C: 2GB
2C: 2GB
3C: 2GB
1C: 2GB
2C: 2GB
3C: 2GB
1A: 4GB
2A: 4GB
3A: 4GB
1A: 4GB
2A: 4GB
3A: 4GB
1B: 4GB
2B: 4GB
3B: 4GB
1B: 4GB
2B: 4GB
3B: 4GB
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1A: 8GB
2A: 8GB
3A: 8GB
1A: 8GB
2A: 8GB
3A: 8GB
1B: none
2B: none
3B: none
1B: none
2B: none
3B: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1A: 4GB
2A: 4GB
3A: 4GB
1A: 4GB
2A: 4GB
3A: 4GB
1B: 4GB
2B: 4GB
3B: 4GB
1B: 4GB
2B: 4GB
3B: 4GB
1C: 4GB
2C: 4GB
3C: 4GB
1C: 4GB
2C: 4GB
3C: 4GB
1A: 8GB
2A: 8GB
3A: 8GB
1A: 8GB
2A: 8GB
3A: 8GB
1B: 8GB
2B: 8GB
3B: 8GB
1B: 8GB
2B: 8GB
3B: 8GB
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
007-5688-001
Installing Memory
Table 5-2
Recommended Memory DIMM Configurations (continued)
Processor 1
Channel
1
Channel
2
Channel
3
Channel
1
Channel
2
Channel
3
1A: 8GB
2A: 8GB
3A: 8GB
1A: 8GB
2A: 8GB
3A: 8GB
1B: 8GB
2B: 8GB
3B: 8GB
1B: 8GB
2B: 8GB
3B: 8GB
1C: 8GB
2C: 8GB
3C: 8GB
1C: 8GB
2C: 8GB
3C: 8GB
007-5688-001
Memory/
Core
Total Node
Memory
Size
Maximum
Mem
Speed
(MT/s)
18 GB/core
144 GB
800
Processor 2
41
5: Advanced Severboard Setup
Table 5-2
Recommended Memory DIMM Configurations (continued)
Processor 1
Memory/
Core
Total Node
Memory
Size
Maximum
Mem
Speed
(MT/s)
9 GB/core
72 GB
1066
12 GB/core
96 GB
800
15 GB/core
120 GB
800
Processor 2
Channel
1
Channel
2
Channel
3
Channel
1
Channel
2
Channel
3
1A: 8GB
2A: 8GB
3A: 8GB
1A: 8GB
2A: 8GB
3A: 8GB
1B: 4GB
2B: 4GB
3B: 4GB
1B: 4GB
2B: 4GB
3B: 4GB
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1A: 8GB
2A: 8GB
3A: 8GB
1A: 8GB
2A: 8GB
3A: 8GB
1B: 4GB
2B: 4GB
3B: 4GB
1B: 4GB
2B: 4GB
3B: 4GB
1C: 4GB
2C: 4GB
3C: 4GB
1C: 4GB
2C: 4GB
3C: 4GB
1A: 8GB
2A: 8GB
3A: 8GB
1A: 8GB
2A: 8GB
3A: 8GB
1B: 8GB
2B: 8GB
3B: 8GB
1B: 8GB
2B: 8GB
3B: 8GB
1C: 4GB
2C: 4GB
3C: 4GB
1C: 4GB
2C: 4GB
3C: 4GB
The chart above shows the memory DIMM configurations for the optimum memory performance.
Note: The minimum compute blade memory size is 4GB. The minimum compute memory size
is 8GB if the compute blade is in s system running Scali Manage software.
42
007-5688-001
Installing Memory
Table 5-3
Non-Optimal Memory DIMM Configurations
Processor 1
Channel
1
Channel
2
Channel
3
Channel
1
Channel
2
Channel
3
1A: 2GB
2A: none
3A: none
1A: 2GB
2A: none
3A: none
1B: none
2B: none
3B: none
1B: none
2B: none
3B: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1A: 2GB
2A: 2GB
3A: none
1A: 2GB
2A: 2GB
3A: none
1B: none
2B: none
3B: none
1B: none
2B: none
3B: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1A: 2GB
2A: 2GB
3A: 2GB
1A: 2GB
2A: 2GB
3A: 2GB
1B: 2GB
2B: none
3B: none
1B: 2GB
2B: none
3B: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1A: 2GB
2A: 2GB
3A: 2GB
1A: 2GB
2A: 2GB
3A: 2GB
1B: 2GB
2B: 2GB
3B: none
1B: 2GB
2B: 2GB
3B: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1A: 2GB
2A: 2GB
3A: 2GB
1A: 2GB
2A: 2GB
3A: 2GB
1B: 2GB
2B: 2GB
3B: 2GB
1B: 2GB
2B: 2GB
3B: 2GB
1C: 2GB
2C: none
3C: none
1C: 2GB
2C: none
3C: none
1A: 2GB
2A: 2GB
3A: 2GB
1A: 2GB
2A: 2GB
3A: 2GB
1B: 2GB
2B: 2GB
3B: 2GB
1B: 2GB
2B: 2GB
3B: 2GB
1C: 2GB
2C: 2GB
3C: none
1C: 2GB
2C: 2GB
3C: none
1A: 4GB
2A: none
3A: none
1A: 4GB
2A: none
3A: none
1B: none
2B: none
3B: none
1B: none
2B: none
3B: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1A: 4GB
2A: 4GB
3A: none
1A: 4GB
2A: 4GB
3A: none
1B: none
2B: none
3B: none
1B: none
2B: none
3B: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
007-5688-001
Memory/
Core
Total Node
Memory
Size
Maximum
Mem
Speed
(MT/s)
0.5 GB/core
4 GB
1333
1 GB/core
8 GB
1333
2 GB/core
16 GB
1066
2.5 GB/core
20 GB
1066
3.5 GB/core
28 GB
800
4 GB/core
32 GB
800
1 GB/core
8 GB
1333
2 GB/core
16 GB
1333
Processor 2
43
5: Advanced Severboard Setup
Table 5-3
Non-Optimal Memory DIMM Configurations (continued)
Processor 1
44
Memory/
Core
Total Node
Memory
Size
Maximum
Mem
Speed
(MT/s)
4 GB/core
32 GB
1066
5 GB/core
40 GB
1066
7 GB/core
56 GB
800
8 GB/core
64 GB
800
2 GB/core
16 GB
1333
4 GB/core
32 GB
1333
8 GB/core
64 GB
1066
10 GB/core
80 GB
1066
14 GB/core
112 GB
800
Processor 2
Channel
1
Channel
2
Channel
3
Channel
1
Channel
2
Channel
3
1A: 4GB
2A: 4GB
3A: 4GB
1A: 4GB
2A: 4GB
3A: 4GB
1B: 4GB
2B: none
3B: none
1B: 4GB
2B: none
3B: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1A: 4GB
2A: 4GB
3A: 4GB
1A: 4GB
2A: 4GB
3A: 4GB
1B: 4GB
2B: 4GB
3B: none
1B: 4GB
2B: 4GB
3B: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1A: 4GB
2A: 4GB
3A: 4GB
1A: 4GB
2A: 4GB
3A: 4GB
1B: 4GB
2B: 4GB
3B: 4GB
1B: 4GB
2B: 4GB
3B: 4GB
1C: 4GB
2C: none
3C: none
1C: 4GB
2C: none
3C: none
1A: 4GB
2A: 4GB
3A: 4GB
1A: 4GB
2A: 4GB
3A: 4GB
1B: 4GB
2B: 4GB
3B: 4GB
1B: 4GB
2B: 4GB
3B: 4GB
1C: 4GB
2C: 4GB
3C: none
1C: 4GB
2C: 4GB
3C: none
1A: 8GB
2A: none
3A: none
1A: 8GB
2A: none
3A: none
1B: none
2B: none
3B: none
1B: none
2B: none
3B: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1A: 8GB
2A: 8GB
3A: none
1A: 8GB
2A: 8GB
3A: none
1B: none
2B: none
3B: none
1B: none
2B: none
3B: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1A: 8GB
2A: 8GB
3A: 8GB
1A: 8GB
2A: 8GB
3A: 8GB
1B: 8GB
2B: none
3B: none
1B: 8GB
2B: none
3B: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1A: 8GB
2A: 8GB
3A: 8GB
1A: 8GB
2A: 8GB
3A: 8GB
1B: 8GB
2B: 8GB
3B: none
1B: 8GB
2B: 8GB
3B: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1C: none
2C: none
3C: none
1A: 8GB
2A: 8GB
3A: 8GB
1A: 8GB
2A: 8GB
3A: 8GB
1B: 8GB
2B: 8GB
3B: 8GB
1B: 8GB
2B: 8GB
3B: 8GB
1C: 8GB
2C: none
3C: none
1C: 8GB
2C: none
3C: none
007-5688-001
Hard Disk Drives (SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 Chassis)
Table 5-3
Non-Optimal Memory DIMM Configurations (continued)
Processor 1
Memory/
Core
Total Node
Memory
Size
Maximum
Mem
Speed
(MT/s)
16 GB/core
128 GB
800
18 GB/core
144 GB
800
Processor 2
Channel
1
Channel
2
Channel
3
Channel
1
Channel
2
Channel
3
1A: 8GB
2A: 8GB
3A: 8GB
1A: 8GB
2A: 8GB
3A: 8GB
1B: 8GB
2B: 8GB
3B: 8GB
1B: 8GB
2B: 8GB
3B: 8GB
1C: 8GB
2C: 8GB
3C: none
1C: 8GB
2C: 8GB
3C: none
1A: 8GB
2A: 8GB
3A: 8GB
1A: 8GB
2A: 8GB
3A: 8GB
1B: 8GB
2B: 8GB
3B: 8GB
1B: 8GB
2B: 8GB
3B: 8GB
1C: 8GB
2C: 8GB
3C: 8GB
1C: 8GB
2C: 8GB
3C: 8GB
Hard Disk Drives (SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 Chassis)
The 2U chassis supports a maximum of eight SAS or SATA disk drives. Install the drives from
left to right. Note: All disk drive bays must be populated to maintain system thermals. Drive bays
must either have a disk drive or a drive blank installed.
RESET
COMPACT
Drive 4
Drive 5
Drive 6
Drive 7
Drive 0
Drive 1
Drive 2
Drive 3
Figure 5-9
SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 Disk Drive Locations
The supported disk drive configurations are as follows:
007-5688-001
•
LSX-CONFIG-JBOD
JBOD, supports any number of drives between one and eight. The operating system is
placed on the disk drive in location 0. All other drives are data drives.
•
LSX-CONFIG-RAID0
Disk striping without parity, supports any number of drives between two and eight. Note: all
drives must be the same type. The operating system will be striped across all drives in the
system. This configuration is not recommended.
45
5: Advanced Severboard Setup
•
RAID1
Disk mirroring, supports exactly two drives. The two drives represents one RAID1 logical
drive. The operating system will be installed on the drives located in Drive 0 and 1. Note:
Both drives must be the same type.
•
RAID5
Disk striping with parity, supports a minimum of three drives and a maximum of eight
drives. Possible configurations are 2+1, 3+1, 4+1, 5+1, 6+1 and 7+1. The operating system
will be striped across all drives in the system. Note: all drives must be the same type
•
RAID6
Disk striping with dual parity, supports a minimum of four drives and a maximum of eight
drives. The operating system will be striped across all drives in the system. Note: all drives
must be the same type
•
RAID10
Mirrored disk striping, the data is striped across one set of drives and then mirrored on
another set of drives. A minimum of four drives of the same type are required.The total
number of drives must be an even number (4, 6, 8). A total of four drives is a 2+2, six drives
is a 3+3, and eight drives is a 4+4. The operating system will be striped across all drives in
the primary set and then mirrored on the secondary set of drives. Note: all drives must be the
same type
PCI Card Slotting
There are three basic configurations of the SGI Rackable C2108-TY10:
•
No RAID card installed
•
L8i RAID card installed
•
H8iR RAID card installed
The available PCI slots for the above three configurations are as follows::
•
Configuration 1: (three PCIe and 3 PCI-X slots open)
•
Configurations 2 and 3: (three PCIe and 2 PCI-X slots open -slot 1 is blocked)
Note: PCI-X slot 1 is blocked when configurations 2 and 3 are used.
46
007-5688-001
Figure 5-10
PCIe x4
PCIe x8
PCI-X
PCI-X
PCI-X
UIO
Slot
PCIe x8
Hard Disk Drives (SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 Chassis)
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Base PCI card configuration
For consistency use the following configuration rules for slotting optional PCI cards:
•
PCIe InfiniBand card - use either slot 4 or slot 6
•
PCI-X GigE card - use either slot 2 or slot 3
The SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 PCI slots are configured as follows:
•
Slot 0 - UIO
•
Slot 1 – PCI-X 133 MHz (this slot will be blocked when a either the L8i or H8iR RAID card
is installed in the UIO slot.)
•
Slot 2 – PCI-X 133 MHz (slot 2 shares the PCI-X bus with slot 1)
•
Slot 3 – PCI-X 133 MHz
•
Slot 4 – PCIe x8 Gen2
•
Slot 5 – PCIe x4 Gen1
•
Slot 6– PCIe x8 Gen2
Note: Both the L8i and H8iR RAID cards use the UIO slot.
Installing Selected PCI cards
PCIe Transfer Rates
PCIe Gen1 supports the following maximum bandwidths per slot:
007-5688-001
•
Gen1 PCIe runs at 2.5 GT/s (GT/s = GigaTransfers per second)
•
Supports a maximum of 250 MB/s/lane
•
X4 = 1GB/s maximum transfer rate in each direction
47
5: Advanced Severboard Setup
•
X8 = 2GB/s maximum transfer rate in each direction
PCIe Gen2 supports the following maximum bandwidths per slot:
•
Gen2 PCIe runs at 5.0 GT/s (GT/s = GigaTransfers per second)
•
Supports a maximum of 500 MB/s/lane
•
X4 = 2GB/s maximum transfer rate in each direction
•
X8 = 4GB/s maximum transfer rate in each direction
Installing PCI-X cards
There are three PCI-X slots: slots 1 and 2 share a single bus, slot 3 has a dedicated bus. The
maximum bandwidth, if both slots 1 and 2 are filled, is 1024 MB/s for both slots combined.
If either of the RAID options are selected, then slot 1 will not be available. The remaining two
PCI-X slots are equal. For consistency, fill slot 2 first.
If the RAID options are not selected, then all three PCI-X slots will be available. Slot 3 will each
support 1024 MB/s, but slots 1 and 2 share a single bus and therefore the total bandwidth available
to both slots is 1024 MB/s. When slotting PCI-X card, make sure to place the highest bandwidth
card in slot 3.
Installing PCIe cards
Use the following guidelines:
•
Install Gen2 PCI cards in slots 4 and 6. Fill slot 4 first then slot 6.
•
Install Gen 1 PCI cards in slot 5.
Power Supply
The default configuration is a single 720 watt power supply. The single power supply is slotted in
the top power bay slot. A second (redundant) 720 watt power supply can be added to the server in
the lower slot.
A dummy power supply must be installed in the lower power bay when the server is configured
with a single power supply.
48
007-5688-001
Chapter 6
6. Advanced Chassis Setup
This chapter covers the steps required to install components and perform maintenance on the SGI
Rackable C2108-TY10 chassis shown in Figure 6-1. For component installation, follow the steps
in the order given to eliminate the most common problems encountered. If some steps are
unnecessary, skip ahead to the step that follows.
Tools Required: The only tool you will need to install components and perform maintenance is
a Philips screwdriver.
007-5688-001
49
6: Advanced Chassis Setup
Slim DVD-ROM
drive
System
LEDs
Eight disk drive bays
System
reset
2
Main
power
1
RESET
COMPACT
COM1
USB
port
ports
Mouse
IPMI
LAN
Keyboard
Figure 6-1
50
VGA
port
PCI expansion slots
USB Ethernet Audio
ports
ports
panel
Front and Rear Chassis Views
007-5688-001
Static-Sensitive Device
Static-Sensitive Device
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) can damage electronic components. To prevent damage to any
printed circuit boards (PCBs), it is important to handle them very carefully. The following
measures are generally sufficient to protect your equipment from ESD damage.
Precautions
• Use a grounded wrist strap designed to prevent static discharge.
• Touch a grounded metal object before removing any board from its antistatic bag.
• Handle a board by its edges only; do not touch its components, peripheral chips, memory
modules or gold contacts.
• When handling chips or modules, avoid touching their pins.
• Put the serverboard, add-on cards and peripherals back into their antistatic bags when not in use.
• For grounding purposes, make sure your computer chassis provides excellent conductivity
between the power supply, the case, the mounting fasteners and the serverboard.
Unpacking
The serverboard is shipped in antistatic packaging to avoid static damage. When unpacking the
board, make sure the person handling it is static protected.
Control Panel
The control panel (located on the front of the chassis) must be connected to the JF1 connector on
the serverboard to provide you with system status indications. A ribbon cable has bundled these
wires together to simplify the connection. Connect the cable from JF1 on the serverboard to the
Control Panel PCB (printed circuit board). Make sure the red wire plugs into pin 1 on both
connectors. Pull all excess cabling out of the airflow path. The LEDs inform you of system status.
See Chapter 3 for details on the LEDs and the control panel buttons. Details on JF1 can be found
in Chapter 5.
007-5688-001
51
6: Advanced Chassis Setup
System Fans
Three 8-cm hot-swap fans provide the cooling for the system. It is very important that the chassis
top cover is properly installed and making a good seal in order for the cooling air to circulate
properly through the chassis and cool the components. See Figure 6-2.
Figure 6-2
Removing System Cooling Fans
System Fan Failure
Fan speed is controlled by system temperature via a BIOS setting. If a fan fails, the remaining fans
will ramp up to full speed and the overheat/fan fail LED on the control panel will turn on. Replace
any failed fan at your earliest convenience with the same type and model (the system can continue
to run with a failed fan). Remove the top chassis cover while the system is still running to
determine which of the fans has failed.
52
007-5688-001
Drive Bay Installation/Removal
Replacing System Fans
This section describes how to remove or install a system fan.
Removing a Fan
1.
Remove the chassis cover.
2. Press the tabs on the sides of the fan to unlock and remove the fan and its housing. The fan's
power connections will automatically detach.
3. System power does not need to be shut down since the fans are hot-pluggable.
Installing a New Fan
1.
Replace the failed fan with an identical 8-cm, 12 volt fan.
2. Position the new fan into the space vacated by the failed fan previously removed. A "click"
can be heard when the fan is fully installed in place and the power connections are made.
3. If the system power is on, the hot-plug feature will cause the fan to start immediately upon
being connected to its header on the serverboard.
Drive Bay Installation/Removal
This section describes drive bay installation and removal.
Accessing the Drive Bays
SATA Drives: You do not need to access the inside of the chassis or remove power to replace or
swap SATA drives. Proceed to the next step for instructions.
Note: You must use standard 1" high, SATA drives in the system.
DVD-ROM Drive: For installing/removing the DVD-ROM disk drive, you will need to gain
access to the inside of the server by removing the top cover of the chassis. Proceed to the
"DVD-ROM Drive Installation" section later in this chapter for instructions.
007-5688-001
53
6: Advanced Chassis Setup
SATA Drive Installation
The SATA drives are mounted in drive carriers to simplify their installation and removal from the
chassis. These carriers also help promote proper airflow for the drives. For this reason, even empty
carriers without hard drives installed must remain in the chassis.
Mounting a SATA Drive in a Drive Carrier
1.
To add a new SATA drive, install the drive into the carrier with the printed circuit board side
facing down so that the mounting holes align with those in the carrier.
2. Secure the drive to the carrier with four screws, as shown in Figure 6-3.
Figure 6-3
Mounting a SATA Drive in a Carrier
Installing/Removing Hot-swap SATA Drives
1.
Push the release button located beside the drive's LEDs.
2. Swing the handle fully out and use it to pull the drive carrier straight out (see Figure 6-4).
54
007-5688-001
Drive Bay Installation/Removal
Handle
Release button
Figure 6-4
Removing SATA Drive Carrier
Note: Your operating system must have RAID support to enable the hot-plug capability of the
drives.
007-5688-001
!
Important: Regardless of how many hard drives are installed, all drive carriers must remain in
the drive bays to maintain proper airflow.
!
Caution: Use caution when working around the SATA backplane. Do not touch the backplane
with any metal objects and make sure no ribbon cables touch the backplane or obstruct the holes,
which aid in proper airflow.
55
6: Advanced Chassis Setup
Hard Drive Backplane
The hard drives plug into a backplane that provides power, drive ID and bus termination. A RAID
controller can be used with the backplane to provide data security. The operating system you use
must have RAID support to enable the hot-swap capability of the hard drives. The backplane is
already preconfigured, so no jumper or switch configurations are required.
DVD-ROM Drive Installation
The top cover of the chassis must be opened to gain full access to the DVD-ROM drive bays. The
SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 system accomodates only slim type DVD-ROM drives. Side
mounting brackets are typically needed to mount a slim DVD-ROM drive in the server.
Accessing the Inside of the Chassis
1.
Grasp the two handles on either side and pull the unit straight out until it locks (you will hear
a "click").
2. Next, depress the two buttons on the top of the chassis to release the top cover and at the
same time, push the cover away from you until it stops. You can then lift the top cover from
the chassis to gain full access to the inside of the server.
Note: You must power down the system before installing or removing IDE components.
Drives mount on rails and should "click" into place to be correctly and fully installed in their bays.
Power Supply
The SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 system has a 720 watt redundant power supply consisting of two
power modules. Each power supply module has an auto-switching capability, which enables it to
automatically sense and operate at a 100V - 240V input voltage.
Power Supply Failure
If either of the two power supply modules fail, the other module will take the full load and allow
the system to continue operation without interruption. The PWR Fail LED will illuminate and
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Power Supply
remain on until the failed unit has been replaced. The power supply units have a hot-swap
capability, meaning you can replace the failed unit without powering down the system.
Removing/Replacing the Power Supply
You do not need to shut down the system to replace a power supply unit. The backup power supply
module will keep the system up and running while you replace the failed hot-swap unit. Replace
with the same model.
Removing the Power Supply
1.
First unplug the AC power cord from the failed power supply module.
2. Depress the locking tab on the power supply module.
3. Use the handle to pull it straight out with the rounded handle.
Installing a New Power Supply
1.
Replace the failed hot-swap unit with another identical power supply unit.
2. Push the new power supply unit into the power bay until you hear a click.
3. Secure the locking tab on the unit.
4. Finish by plugging the AC power cord back into the unit.
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Chapter 7
7. BIOS
This chapter describes the AMI BIOS Setup Utility for the SGI Rackable C2108-TY10
severboard. The AMI ROM BIOS is stored in a Flash EEPROM and can be easily updated. This
chapter describes the basic navigation of the AMI BIOS Setup Utility setup screens.
Starting BIOS Setup Utility
To enter the AMI BIOS Setup Utility screens, press the <Delete> key while the system is booting
up.
Note: In most cases, the <Delete> key is used to invoke the AMI BIOS setup screen. There are a
few cases when other keys are used, such as <F1>, <F2>, etc.
Each main BIOS menu option is described in this manual. The Main BIOS setup menu screen has
two main frames. The left frame displays all the options that can be configured. Grayed-out
options cannot be configured. Options in blue can be configured by the user. The right frame
displays the key legend. Above the key legend is an area reserved for a text message. When an
option is selected in the left frame, it is highlighted in white. Often a text message will accompany
it.
Note: The AMI BIOS has default text messages built in. These text messages my be included,
omitted, or changed across BIOS releases.
The AMI BIOS Setup Utility uses a key-based navigation system called "hot keys". Most of the
AMI BIOS setup utility "hot keys" can be used at any time during the setup navigation process.
These keys include <F1>, <F10>, <Enter>, <ESC>, arrow keys, etc.
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Note: Options printed in Bold are default settings.
How To Change the Configuration Data
The configuration data that determines the system parameters may be changed by entering the
AMI BIOS Setup utility. This Setup utility can be accessed by pressing <Del> at the appropriate
time during system boot.
Starting the Setup Utility
Normally, the only visible Power-On Self-Test (POST) routine is the memory test. As the memory
is being tested, press the <Delete> key to enter the main menu of the AMI BIOS Setup Utility.
From the main menu, you can access the other setup screens. An AMI BIOS identification string
is displayed at the left bottom corner of the screen below the copyright message.
!
Warning: Do not upgrade the BIOS unless your system has a BIOS-related issue.
Flashing the wrong BIOS can cause irreparable damage to the system. In no event shall
Supermicro be liable for direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages
arising from a BIOS update. If you have to update the BIOS, do not shut down or reset the
system while the BIOS is updating. This is to avoid possible boot failure.
Main Setup
When you first enter the AMI BIOS Setup Utility, you will enter the Main setup screen. You can
always return to the Main setup screen by selecting the Main tab on the top of the screen. The Main
BIOS Setup screen is shown in Figure 7-1.
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Main Setup
Figure 7-1
System Overview Main BIOS Setup Screen
System Time/System Update
Use this option to change the system time and date. Highlight System Time or System. Date using
the arrow keys. Key in new values through the keyboard and press <Enter>. Press the <Tab>
key to move between fields. The date must be entered in Day MM/DD/YY format. The time is
entered in HH:MM:SS format.
Note: The time is in the 24-hour format. For example, 5:30 P.M. appears as 17:30:00.
Serverboard
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BIOS Build Version: This item displays the BIOS revision used in your system.
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•
BIOS Build Date: This item displays the date when this BIOS was completed.
•
AMI BIOS Core Version: This item displays the revision number of the AMI BIOS Core
upon which your BIOS was built.
Processor
The AMI BIOS will automatically display the status of the processor used in your system:
•
CPU Type: This item displays the type of CPU used in the motherboard.
•
Speed: This item displays the speed of the CPU detected by the BIOS.
•
Physical Count: This item displays the number of processors installed in your system as
detected by the BIOS.
•
Logical Count: This item displays the number of CPU Cores installed in your system as
detected by the BIOS.
•
Micro_code Revision: This item displays the revision number of the BIOS Micro_code
used in your system.
System Memory
This displays the size of memory available in the system:
•
Size: This item displays the memory size detected by the BIOS
Advanced Setup Configurations
Use the arrow keys to select Boot Setup and hit <Enter> to access the submenu items shown in
Figure 7-2.
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Figure 7-2
Advanced Settings Screen
Boot Features
This section describes the Boot Features options.
Quick Boot
If Enabled, this option will skip certain tests during POST to reduce the time needed for system
boot. The options are Enabled and Disabled.
Note: The default option is highlighted in bold face throughout this chapter.
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Quiet Boot
This option allows the bootup screen options to be modified between POST messages or the OEM
logo. Select Disabled to display the POST messages. Select Enabled to display the OEM logo
instead of the normal POST messages. The options are Enabled and Disabled.
AddOn ROM Display Mode
This sets the display mode for Option ROM. The options are Force BIOS and Keep Current.
Bootup Num-Lock
This feature selects the Power-on state for Numlock key. The options are Off and On.
Wait For 'F1' If Error
This forces the system to wait until the 'F1' key is pressed if an error occurs. The options are
Disabled and Enabled.
Hit 'Del' Message Display
This feature displays "Press DEL to run Setup" during POST. The options are Enabled and
Disabled.
Interrupt 19 Capture
Interrupt 19 is the software interrupt that handles the boot disk function. When this item is set to
Enabled, the ROM BIOS of the host adaptors will "capture" Interrupt 19 at boot and allow the
drives that are attached to these host adaptors to function as bootable disks. If this item is set to
Disabled, the ROM BIOS of the host adaptors will not capture Interrupt 19, and the drives attached
to these adaptors will not function as bootable devices. The options are Enabled and Disabled.
Power Configuration
This section describes power configuration options.
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Power Button Function
If set to Instant_Off, the system will power off immediately as soon as the user hits the power
button. If set to 4_Second_Override, the system will power off when the user presses the power
button for 4 seconds or longer. The options are Instant_Off and 4_Second_Override.
Restore on AC Power Loss
Use this feature to set the power state after a power outage. Select Power-Off for the system power
to remain off after a power loss. Select Power-On for the system power to be turned on after a
power loss. Select Last State to allow the system to resume its last state before a power loss. The
options are Power-On, Power-Off and Last State.
Watch Dog Timer
If enabled, the Watch Dog Timer will allow the system to reboot when it is inactive for more than
5 minutes. The options are Enabled and Disabled.
Processor and Clock Options
This submenu allows the user to configure the Processor and Clock settings.
Ratio CMOS Setting
This option allows the user to set the ratio between the CPU Core Clock and the FSB Frequency.
Note: If an invalid ratio is entered, the AMI BIOS will restore the setting to the previous state.
The default setting depends on the type of CPU installed on the motherboard. The default setting
for the CPU installed in your motherboard is [21]. Press "+" or "-" on your keyboard to change
this value.
C1E Support
Select Enabled to use the feature of Enhanced Halt State. C1E signifi cantly reduces the CPU's
power consumption by reducing the CPU's clock cycle and voltage during a "Halt State." The
options are Disabled and Enabled.
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Hardware Prefetcher (Available when supported by the CPU)
If set to Enabled, the hardware prefetcher will pre fetch streams of data and instructions from the
main memory to the L2 cache in the forward or backward manner to improve CPU performance.
The options are Disabled and Enabled.
Adjacent Cache Line Prefetch (Available when supported by the CPU)
The CPU fetches the cache line for 64 bytes if this option is set to Disabled. The CPU fetches both
cache lines for 128 bytes as comprised if Enabled.
Intel Virtualization Technology (Available when supported by the CPU)
Select Enabled to use the feature of Virtualization Technology to allow one platform to run
multiple operating systems and applications in independent partitions, creating multiple "virtual"
systems in one physical computer. The options are Enabled and Disabled.
Note: If there is any change to this setting, you will need to power off and restart the system for
the change to take effect. Please refer to Intel’s web site for detailed information.
Execute-Disable Bit Capability (Available when supported by the OS and the CPU)
Set to Enabled to enable the Execute Disable Bit which will allow the processor to designate areas
in the system memory where an application code can execute and where it cannot, thus preventing
a worm or a virus from flooding illegal codes to overwhelm the processor or damage the system
during an attack. The default is Enabled. (Refer to Intel and Microsoft Web Sites for more
information.)
Simultaneous Multi-Threading (Available when supported by the CPU)
Set to Enabled to use the Simultaneous Multi-Threading Technology, which will result in
increased CPU performance. The options are Disabled and Enabled.
Active Processor Cores
Set to Enabled to use a processor's Second Core and beyond. (Please refer to Intel's web site for
more information.) The options are All, 1 and 2.
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Intel EIST Technology
Enhanced Intel SpeedStep Technology (EIST) allows the system to automatically adjust processor
voltage and core frequency in an effort to reduce power consumption and heat dissipation. Please
refer to Intel’s web site for detailed information. The options are Disable (Disable GV3) and
Enable (Enable GV3).
Intel TurboMode Technology (Available when Intel EIST Technology is enabled)
Select Enabled to use the Turbo Mode to boost system performance. The options are Enabled and
Disabled.
Intel C-STATE Tech
If enabled, C-State is set by the system automatically to either C2, C3 or C4 state. The options are
Disabled and Enabled.
C-State package limit setting (Available when Intel® C-State Tech is enabled)
If set to Auto, the AMI BIOS will automatically set the limit on the C-State package register. The
options are Auto, C1, C3, C6 and C7.
C1 Auto Demotion
When enabled, the CPU will conditionally demote C3, C6 or C7 requests to C1 based on un-core
auto-demote information. The options are Disabled and Enabled.
C3 Auto Demotion
When enabled, the CPU will conditionally demote C6 or C7 requests to C3 based on un-core
auto-demote information. The options are Disabled and Enabled.
Clock Spread Spectrum
Select Enable to use the feature of Clock Spectrum, which will allow the BIOS to monitor and
attempt to reduce the level of Electromagnetic Interference caused by the components whenever
needed. The options are Disabled and Enabled.
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Advanced Chipset Control
The items included in the Advanced Settings submenu are listed below:
CPU Bridge Configuration
QPI Links Speed
This feature selects QPI's data transfer speed. The options are Slow-mode, and Full Speed.
QPI Frequency
This selects the desired QPI frequency. The options are Auto, 4.800 GT, 5.866GT, 6.400 GT.
QPI L0s and L1
This enables the QPI power state to low power. L0s and L1 are automatically selected by the
motherboard. The options are Disabled and Enabled.
Memory Frequency
This feature forces a DDR3 frequency slower than what the system has detected. The available
options are Auto, Force DDR-800, Force DDR-1066, and Force DDR-1333.
Memory Mode
The options are Independent, Channel Mirror, Lockstep and Sparing.
Independent - All DIMMs are available to the operating system.
Channel Mirror - The motherboard maintains two identical copies of all data in memory for
redundancy.
Lockstep - The motherboard uses two areas of memory to run the same set of operations in
parallel.
Sparing - A preset threshold of correctable errors is used to trigger fail-over. The spare memory
is put online and used as active memory in place of the failed memory.
Demand Scrubbing
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Advanced Setup Configurations
A memory error-correction scheme where the Processor writes corrected data back into the
memory block from where it was read by the Processor. The options are Enabled and Disabled.
Patrol Scrubbing
A memory error-correction scheme that works in the background looking for and correcting
resident errors. The options are Enabled and Disabled.
Memory ECC Error Threshold
This feature allows the user to set the correctable memory ECC error limit for AMI BIOS to
handle it. The Default setting is 255.
Throttling - Closed Loop/Throttling - Open Loop
Throttling improves reliability and reduces power in the processor by automatic voltage control
during processor idle states. Available options are Disabled and Enabled. If Enabled, the
following items will appear:
Hysteresis Temperature (Available for Closed Loop only)
Temperature Hysteresis is the temperature lag (in degrees Celsius) after the set DIMM
temperature threshold is reached before Closed Loop Throttling begins. The options are
Disabled, 1.5oC, 3.0oC, and 6.0oC.
Guardband Temperature (Available for Closed Loop only)
This is the temperature which applies to the DIMM temperature threshold. Each step is in 0.5oC
increment. The default is [006]. Press "+" or "-" on your keyboard to change this value.
Inlet Temperature
This is the temperature detected at the chassis inlet. Each step is in 0.5oC increment. The default
is [070]. Press "+" or "-" on your keyboard to change this value.
Temperature Rise
This is the temperature rise to the DIMM thermal zone. Each step is in 0.5oC increment. The
default is [020]. Press "+" or "-" on your keyboard to change this value.
Air Flow
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This is the air flow speed to the DIMM modules. Each step is one mm/ sec. The default is [1500].
Press "+" or "-" on your keyboard to change this value.
Altitude
This feature defines how many meters above or below sea level the system is located. The options
are Sea Level or Below, 1~300, 301~600, 601~900, 901~1200, 1201~1500, 1501~1800,
1801~2100, 2101~2400, 2401~2700, 2701~3000.
DIMM Pitch
This is the physical space between each DIMM module. Each step is in 1/1000 of an inch. The
default is [400]. Press "+" or "-" on your keyboard to change this value.
Serial Debug Message Level
This feature allows the user to set the level of debug messages to be displayed. The options are
None, MIN, MAX and Test.
North Bridge Configuration
This feature allows the user to configure the settings for the Intel North Bridge chip.
Crystal Beach/Direct Memory Access (DMA)
This feature works with the Intel I/O Acceleration Technology (AT) to accelerate the performance
of TOE devices.
Note: A TOE device is a specialized, dedicated processor that is installed on an add-on card or a
network card to handle some or all packet processing of this add-on card.
When this feature is set to Enabled, it will enhance overall system performance by providing direct
memory access for data transferring. The options are Enabled and Disabled.
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Crystal Beach/ Direct Cache Access (DCA)
This feature is available when Crystal Beach/DMA is enabled.This feature works in conjunction
with the Intel I/O AT to accelerate the performance of the TOE device. When this feature set to
Enabled, it will enhance overall system performance by providing direct cache access for data
transferring. The options are Enabled and Disabled.
Intel VT-d
Select Enabled to enable Intel's Virtualization Technology support for Direct I/O VT-d by
reporting the I/O device assignments to VMM through the DMAR ACPI Tables.
This feature offers fully-protected I/O resource-sharing across the Intel platforms, providing the
user with greater reliability, security and availability in networking and data-sharing. The settings
are Enabled and Disabled.
SouthBridge Configuration
This feature allows the user to configure the settings for the Intel ICH South Bridge chipset.
USB Functions
This feature allows the user to decide the number of onboard USB ports to be enabled. The
Options are: Disabled, 2 USB ports, 4 USB ports, 6 USB ports, 8 Ports, 10 Ports and 12 USB
ports.
Legacy USB Support
Select Enabled to use Legacy USB devices. If this item is set to Auto, Legacy USB support will
be automatically enabled if a legacy USB device is installed on the motherboard, and vise versa.
The settings are Disabled, Enabled and Auto.
USB 2.0 Controller
This item indicated if the USB 2.0 controller is activated. The options are Enabled and Disabled.
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USB 2.0 Controller Mode
This setting allows you to select the USB 2.0 Controller mode. The options are Hi-Speed (480
Mbps) and Full Speed (12 Mbps).
BIOS EHCI Hand-Off
Select Enabled to enable BIOS Enhanced Host Controller Interface support to provide a
workaround solution for an operating system that does not have EHCI Hand-Off support. When
enabled, the EHCI Interface will be changed from the BIOS-controlled to the OS-controlled. The
options are Disabled and Enabled.
Intel PCI-X Hub Configuration
PCI Bus A0/B0 Frequency
This option allows the user to set the maximum PCI speed to be used in the PCI slot specified.
Select Auto to allow the BIOS to automatically detect the capability of the device installed on the
bus. The options are Auto, 33 MHz PCI, 66 MHz PCI, 66 MHz PCI-X MI, 100 MHz PCI-X MI,
and 133 MHz PCI-X MI.
I/O Port Decode
This option allows the user to select the decode range for the I/O connections. The options are 4K
Decode and 1K Decode.
RAS Sticky Error Handling
This option allows the user to decide how to handle Sticky RAS errors. The options are Clear
Errors and Leave Errors (unchanged).
VGA 16-Bit Decode
Select Enabled to enable the function of decoding VGA for the devices installed behind the PXH
PCI Controller Hub. The options are Enabled and Disabled.
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IDE and SATA Configuration
When this submenu is selected, the AMI BIOS automatically detects the presence of the IDE
devices and displays the following items:
SATA#1 Configuration
If Compatible is selected, it sets SATA#1 to legacy compatibility mode, while selecting Enhanced
sets SATA#1 to native SATA mode. The options are Disabled, Compatible, and Enhanced.
Configure SATA#1 as
This feature allows the user to select the drive type for SATA#1. The options are IDE, RAID and
AHCI. (When the option-RAID is selected, the item-ICH RAID Code Base will appear. When the
option-AHCI is selected, the item-SATA AHCI will be available.)
ICH RAID Code Base (This feature is available when the option-RAID is selected)
Select Intel to enable Intel's SATA RAID firmware to configure Intel's SATA RAID settings.
Select Adaptec to enable Adaptec's SATA RAID firmware to configure Adaptec's SATA RAID
settings. The options are Intel and Adaptec.
SATA AHCI (This feature is available when the option-AHCI is selected)
Select Enable to enable the function of Serial ATA Advanced Host Interface. (Take caution when
using this function. This feature is for advanced programmers only.) The options are Enabled and
Disabled. If the option-Enabled is selected, the following item will display.
SATA#2 Configuration (This feature is available when the option-IDE is selected)
Selecting Enhanced will set SATA#2 to native SATA mode. The options are Disabled, and
Enhanced.
Primary IDE Settings
Primary IDE Master/Slave, Secondary IDE Master/Slave, Third IDE Master, and Fourth
IDE Master
These settings allow the user to set the parameters of Primary IDE Master/Slave, Secondary IDE
Master/Slave, Third and Fourth IDE Master slots. Hit <Enter> to activate the following
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submenu screen for detailed options of these items. Set the correct configurations accordingly.
The items included in the submenu are:
Type
Select the type of device connected to the system. The options are Not Installed, Auto, CD/DVD
and ARMD.
LBA/Large Mode
LBA (Logical Block Addressing) is a method of addressing data on a disk drive. In the LBA mode,
the maximum drive capacity is 137 GB. For drive capacities over 137 GB, your system must be
equipped with a 48-bit LBA mode addressing. If not, contact your manufacturer or install an
ATA/133 IDE controller card that supports 48-bit LBA mode. The options are Disabled and Auto.
Block (Multi-Sector Transfer)
Block Mode boosts the IDE drive performance by increasing the amount of data transferred. Only
512 bytes of data can be transferred per interrupt if Block Mode is not used. Block Mode allows
transfers of up to 64 KB per interrupt. Select Disabled to allow data to be transferred from and to
the device one sector at a time. Select Auto to allow data transfer from and to the device occur
multiple sectors at a time if the device supports it. The options are Auto and Disabled.
PIO Mode
The IDE PIO (Programmable I/O) Mode programs timing cycles between the IDE drive and the
programmable IDE controller. As the PIO mode increases, the cycle time decreases. The options
are Auto, 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4.
Select Auto to allow the AMI BIOS to automatically detect the PIO mode. Use this value if the
IDE disk drive support cannot be determined.
Select 0 to allow the AMI BIOS to use PIO mode 0. It has a data transfer rate of 3.3 MBs.
Select 1 to allow the AMI BIOS to use PIO mode 1. It has a data transfer rate of 5.2 MBs.
Select 2 to allow the AMI BIOS to use PIO mode 2. It has a data transfer rate of 8.3 MBs.
Select 3 to allow the AMI BIOS to use PIO mode 3. It has a data transfer rate of 11.1 MBs.
Select 4 to allow the AMI BIOS to use PIO mode 4. It has a data transfer bandwidth
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of 32-Bits. Select Enabled to enable 32-Bit data transfer.
DMA Mode
Select Auto to allow the BIOS to automatically detect IDE DMA mode when the IDE disk drive
support cannot be determined.
Select SWDMA0 to allow the BIOS to use Single Word DMA mode 0. It has a data transfer rate
of 2.1 MBs.
Select SWDMA1 to allow the BIOS to use Single Word DMA mode 1. It has a data transfer rate
of 4.2 MBs.
Select SWDMA2 to allow the BIOS to use Single Word DMA mode 2. It has a data transfer rate
of 8.3 MBs.
Select MWDMA0 to allow the BIOS to use Multi Word DMA mode 0. It has a data transfer rate
of 4.2 MBs.
Select MWDMA1 to allow the BIOS to use Multi Word DMA mode 1. It has a data transfer rate
of 13.3 MBs.
Select MWDMA2 to allow the BIOS to use Multi-Word DMA mode 2. It has a data transfer rate
of 16.6 MBs.
Select UDMA0 to allow the BIOS to use Ultra DMA mode 0. It has a data transfer rate of 16.6
MBs. It has the same transfer rate as PIO mode 4 and Multi Word DMA mode 2.
Select UDMA1 to allow the BIOS to use Ultra DMA mode 1. It has a data transfer rate of 25 MBs.
Select UDMA2 to allow the BIOS to use Ultra DMA mode 2. It has a data transfer rate of 33.3
MBs.
Select UDMA3 to allow the BIOS to use Ultra DMA mode 3. It has a data transfer rate of 66.6
MBs.
Select UDMA4 to allow the BIOS to use Ultra DMA mode 4. It has a data transfer rate of 100
MBs.
Select UDMA5 to allow the BIOS to use Ultra DMA mode 5. It has a data transfer rate of 133
MBs.
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Select UDMA6 to allow the BIOS to use Ultra DMA mode 6. It has a data transfer rate of 133
MBs. The options are Auto, SWDMAn, MWDMAn, and UDMAn.
S.M.A.R.T. For Hard disk drives
Self-Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology (SMART) can help predict impending drive
failures. Select Auto to allow the AMI BIOS to automatically detect hard disk drive support.
Select Disabled to prevent the AMI BIOS from using the S.M.A.R.T. Select Enabled to allow the
AMI BIOS to use the S.M.A.R.T. to support hard drive disk. The options are Disabled, Enabled,
and Auto.
32Bit Data
Select Enable to enable the function of 32-bit IDE data transfer. The options are Enabled and
Disabled.
Hot Plug
This feature is available when the option-AHCI Under "Confiigure SATA#1 as" is selected.
Select Enable to enable the hot plug function for the SATA devices. The options are Enabled and
Disabled.
IDE Detect Timeout (sec)
Use this feature to set the time-out value for the BIOS to detect the ATA, ATAPI devices installed
in the system. The options are 0 (sec), 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, and 35.
PCI/PnP Configuration
Clear NVRAM
This feature clears the NVRAM during system boot. The options are No and Yes.
Plug & Play OS
Selecting Yes allows the OS to configure Plug & Play devices. (This is not required for system
boot if your system has an OS that supports Plug & Play.) Select No to allow the AMI BIOS to
configure all devices in the system.
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PCI Latency Timer
This feature sets the latency Timer of each PCI device installed on a PCI bus. Select 64 to set the
PCI latency to 64 PCI clock cycles. The options are 32, 64, 96, 128, 160, 192, 224 and 248.
PCI IDE BusMaster
When enabled, the BIOS uses PCI bus mastering for reading/writing to IDE drives. The options
are Disabled and Enabled.
Load Onboard LAN1 Option ROM/Load Onboard LAN2 Option ROM
Select Enabled to enable the onboard LAN1 or LAN2 Option ROM. This is to boot computer
using a network interface. The options are Enabled and Disabled.
Super IO Device Configuration
Serial Port1 Address/ Serial Port2 Address
This option specifies the base I/O port address and the Interrupt Request address of Serial Port 1
and Serial Port 2. Select Disabled to prevent the serial port from accessing any system resources.
When this option is set to Disabled, the serial port physically becomes unavailable. Select
3F8/IRQ4 to allow the serial port to use 3F8 as its I/O port address and IRQ 4 for the interrupt
address. The options for Serial Port1 are Disabled, 3F8/IRQ4, 3E8/IRQ4, 2E8/IRQ3. The options
for Serial Port2 are Disabled, 2F8/IRQ3, 3E8/IRQ4, and 2E8/IRQ3.
Remote Access Configuration
Remote Access
This allows the user to enable the Remote Access feature. The options are Disabled and Enabled.
If Remote Access is set to Enabled, the following items will display:
Serial Port Number
This feature allows the user decide which serial port to be used for Console Redirection. The
options are COM 1 and COM 2.
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Base Address, IRQ
This item displays the based address and IRQ of the serial port specified above. The options are
COM 1 and COM 2.
Serial Port Mode
This feature allows the user to set the serial port mode for Console Redirection. The options are
115200 8, n 1; 57600 8, n, 1; 38400 8, n, 1; 19200 8, n, 1; and 9600 8, n, 1.
Flow Control
This feature allows the user to set the flow control for Console Redirection. The options are None,
Hardware, and Software.
Redirection After BIOS POST
Select Disabled to turn off Console Redirection after Power-On Self-Test (POST). Select Always
to keep Console Redirection active all the time after POST.
Note: This setting may not be supported by some operating systems.
Select Boot Loader to keep Console Redirection active during POST and Boot Loader. The
options are Disabled, Boot Loader, and Always.
Terminal Type
This feature allows the user to select the target terminal type for Console Redirection. The options
are ANSI, VT100, and VT-UTF8.
VT-UTF8 Combo Key Support
A terminal keyboard definition that provides a way to send commands from a remote console.
Available options are Enabled and Disabled.
Sredir Memory Display Delay
This feature defines the length of time in seconds to display memory information. The options are
No Delay, Delay 1 Sec, Delay 2 Sec, and Delay 4 Sec.
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Advanced Setup Configurations
Hardware Health Monitor
This feature allows the user to monitor system health and review the status of each item as
displayed.
CPU Overheat Alarm
This option allows the user to select the CPU Overheat Alarm setting which determines when the
CPU OH alarm will be activated to provide warning of possible CPU overheat.
!
Warning: Any temperature that exceeds the CPU threshold temperature predefined by
the CPU manufacturer may result in CPU overheat or system instability. When the CPU
temperature reaches this predefined threshold, the CPU and system cooling fans will run at
full speed. To avoid possible system overheating, please be sure to provide adequate airflow
to your system.
The options are:
•
The Early Alarm: Select this setting if you want the CPU overheat alarm (including the LED
and the buzzer) to be triggered as soon as the CPU temperature reaches the CPU overheat
threshold as predefined by the CPU manufacturer.
•
The Default Alarm: Select this setting if you want the CPU overheat alarm including the
LED and the buzzer) to be triggered when the CPU temperature reaches about 5 degrees C
above the threshold temperature as predefined by the CPU manufacturer to give the CPU
and system fans additional time needed for CPU and system cooling. In both the alarms
above, please take immediate action as shown below.
CPU Temperature/System Temperature
This feature displays current temperature readings for the CPU and the System.
The following items will be displayed for your reference only:
CPU Temperature
The CPU thermal technology that reports absolute temperatures (Celsius/Fahrenheit) has been
upgraded to a more advanced feature by Intel in its newer processors. The basic concept is each
CPU is embedded by unique temperature information that the motherboard can read. This
‘Temperature Threshold’ or ‘Temperature Tolerance’ has been assigned at the factory and is the
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7: BIOS
baseline on which the motherboard takes action during different CPU temperature conditions (for
example, by increasing CPU Fan speed, triggering the Overheat Alarm, etc). Since CPUs can have
different ‘Temperature Tolerances’, the installed CPU can now send information to the
motherboard what its ‘Temperature Tolerance’ is, and not the other way around. This results in
better CPU thermal management.
The SGI Rackable C2108-TY10 system leverages this feature by assigning a temperature status
to certain thermal conditions in the processor (Low, Medium and High). This makes it easier for
the user to understand the CPU’s temperature status, rather than by just simply seeing a
temperature reading (for example, 25 degrees C). The CPU Temperature feature will display the
CPU temperature status as detected by the BIOS:
Low – This level is considered as the ‘normal’ operating state. The CPU temperature is well below
the CPU ‘Temperature Tolerance’. The motherboard fans and CPU will run normally as
configured in the BIOS (Fan Speed Control).
User intervention: No action required.
Medium – The processor is running warmer. This is a ‘precautionary’ level and generally means
that there may be factors contributing to this condition, but the CPU is still within its normal
operating state and below the CPU ‘Temperature Tolerance’. The motherboard fans and CPU will
run normally as configured in the BIOS. The fans may adjust to a faster speed depending on the
Fan Speed Control settings.
User intervention: No action is required. However, consider checking the CPU fans and the
chassis ventilation for blockage.
High – The processor is running hot. This is a ‘caution’ level since the CPU’s ‘Temperature
Tolerance’ has been reached (or has been exceeded) and may activate an overheat alarm.
User intervention: If the system buzzer and Overheat LED has activated, take action immediately
by checking the system fans, chassis ventilation and room temperature to correct any problems.
Note: The system may shut down if it continues for a long period to prevent damage to the CPU.
The information provided above is for your reference only. For more information on thermal
management, please refer to Intel’s web site at www.intel.com.
System Temperature
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Advanced Setup Configurations
The system temperature will be displayed (in degrees in Celsius and Fahrenheit) as it is detected
by the BIOS.
Fan Speed Readings
This feature displays the fan speed readings from Fan1 through Fan8.
Fan Speed Control Monitor
This feature allows the user to decide how the system controls the speeds of the onboard fans. The
CPU temperature and the fan speed are correlative. When the CPU on-die temperature increases,
the fan speed will also increase, and vice versa. Select Workstation if your system is used as a
Workstation. Select Server if your system is used as a Server. Select “Disabled, (Full Speed
@12V)” to disable the fan speed control function and allow the onboard fans to constantly run at
the full speed (12V). The Options are: 1. Disabled (Full Speed), 2. Server Mode, 3. Workstation
Mode.
Voltages Readings
The following voltage readings will be displayed.
CPU1 Vcore, CPU2 Vcore, +5Vin, +12V, -12V 3.3Vcc (V), and Battery Voltage
ACPI Configuration
Use this feature to confi gure Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) power
management settings for your system.
ACPI Version Features
The options are ACPI v1.0, ACPI v2.0 and ACPI v3.0. Please refer to ACPI's website for further
explanation: http://www.acpi.info/.
ACPI APIC Support
Select Enabled to include the ACPI APIC Table Pointer in the RSDT (Root System Description
Table) pointer list. The options are Enabled and Disabled.
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7: BIOS
APIC ACPI SCI IRQ
When this item is set to Enabled, APIC ACPI SCI IRQ is supported by the system. The options
are Enabled and Disabled.
Headless Mode
This feature is used to enable system to function without a keyboard, monitor or mouse attached
The options are Enabled and Disabled.
High Performance Event Timer
Select Enabled to activate the High Performance Event Timer (HPET) that produces periodic
interrupts at a much higher frequency than a Real-time Clock (RTC) does in synchronizing
multimedia streams, providing smooth playback and reducing the dependency on other timestamp
calculation devices, such as an x86 RDTSC Instruction embedded in the CPU. The High
Performance Event Timer is used to replace the 8254 Programmable Interval Timer. The options
are Enabled and Disabled.
Trusted Computing
TCG/TPM Support
Select Yes on this item and enable the TPM jumper on the motherboard to enable TCG (TPM
1.1/1.2)/TPM support in order to improve data integrity and network security. The options are No
and Yes.
If this feature is set to Yes, the following items will display:
TPM Enable/Disable Status
This item displays the status of TPM Support to indicate if TPM is currently enabled or disabled.
TPM Owner Status
This item displays the status of TPM Ownership.
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Advanced Setup Configurations
IPMI Configuration
Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) is a set of common interfaces that IT
administrators can use to monitor system health and to manage the system as a whole. For more
information on the IPMI specifications, please visit Intel's website at www.intel.com.
Status of BMC
Baseboard Management Controller (BMC) manages the interface between system management
software and platform hardware. This is an informational feature which returns the status code of
the BMC micro controller.
View BMC System Event Log
This feature displays the BMC System Event Log (SEL). It shows the total number of entries of
BMC System Events. To view an event, select an Entry Number and pressing <Enter> to
display the information as shown in the screen.
•
Total Number of Entries
•
SEL Entry Number
•
SEL Record ID
•
SEL Record Type
•
Timestamp, Generator ID
•
Event Message Format User
•
Event Sensor Type
•
Event Sensor Number
•
Event Dir Type
•
Event Data
Clear BMC System Event Log
Select OK and press the <Enter> key to clear the BMC system log. Select Cancel to keep the
BMC System log. The options are OK and Cancel.
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7: BIOS
!
Caution: Any cleared information is unrecoverable. Make absolutely sure that you no longer
need any data stored in the log before clearing the BMC Event Log.
Set LAN Configuration
Set this feature to configure the IPMI LAN adapter with a network address as shown in the
following graphics.
Channel Number - Enter the channel number for the SET LAN Config command. This is initially
set to [1]. Press "+" or "-" on your keyboard to change the Channel Number.
Channel Number Status -This feature returns the channel status for the Channel Number
selected above: "Channel Number is OK" or "Wrong Channel Number".
IP Address Configuration
Enter the IP address for this machine. This should be in decimal and in dotted quad form (i.e.,
192.168.10.253). The value of each three-digit number separated by dots should not exceed 255
as shown in the screen below.
Parameter Selector
Use this feature to select the parameter of your IP Address configuration.
IP Address
The BIOS will automatically enter the IP address of this machine; however it may be over-written.
IP addresses are 6 two-digit hexadecimal numbers (Base 16, 0 ~ 9, A, B, C, D, E, F) separated by
dots. (for example, 00.30.48.D0.D4.60).
Current IP Address in BMC
This item displays the current IP address used for your IPMI connection.
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Advanced Setup Configurations
MAC Address Configuration
Enter the Mac address for this machine. This should be in decimal and in dotted quad form (for
example, 192.168.10.253). The value of each three-digit number separated by dots should not
exceed 255.
Parameter Selector
Use this feature to select the parameter of your Mac Address configuration.
Mac Address
The BIOS will automatically enter the Mac address of this machine; however, it may be
over-ridden. Mac addresses are 6 two-digit hexadecimal numbers (Base 16, 0 ~ 9, A, B, C, D, E,
F) separated by dots. (i.e., 00.30.48.D0.D4.60).
Current Mac Address in BMC
This item displays the current Mac address used for your IPMI connection.
Subnet Mask Configuration
Subnet masks tell the network which subnet this machine belongs to. The value of each three-digit
number separated by dots should not exceed 255.
Parameter Selector
Use this feature to select the parameter of your Subnet Masks configuration.
Subnet Mask
This item displays the current subnet mask setting for your IPMI connection.
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7: BIOS
SEL PEF Configuration
PEF Support
Select Enabled to enable the function of Platform Event Filter (PEF) which will interpret BMC
events and perform actions based on pre-determined settings or events and performs actions based
on pre-determined settings or 'traps' under IPMI 1.5 specifications. For example, powering the
system down or sending an alert when a triggering event is detected. The default is Disabled.
PEF Action Global Control
Note: Available if the item-PEF Support is enabled.
These are the different actions based on BMC events. The options are Alert, Power Down, Reset
System, Power Cycle, OEM Action, Diagnostic Interface.
Alert Startup Delay
Note: Available if the item-PEF Support is enabled.
This feature inserts a delay during startup for PEF alerts. The options are Enabled and Disabled.
PEF Alert Startup Delay
Note: Available if the item-PEF Support is enabled.
This sets the pre-determined time to delay PEF alerts after system power-ups and resets. Refer to
Table 24.6 of the IPMI 1.5 Specification for more information at www.intel.com. The options are
No Delay, 30 sec, 60 sec, 1.5 min, 2.0 min.
Startup Delay
Note: Available if the item-PEF Support is enabled.
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Advanced Setup Configurations
This feature enables or disables startup delay. The options are Enabled and Disabled.
PEF Startup Delay
Note: Available if the item-PEF Startup is enabled.
This sets the pre-determined time to delay PEF after system power-ups and resets. Refer to Table
24.6 of the IPMI 1.5 Specification for more information at www.intel.com. The options are No
Delay, 30 sec, 60 sec, 1.5 min, 2.0 min.
Event Message for PEF Action
Note: Available if the item-PEF Support is enabled.
This enables of disables Event Messages for PEF action. Refer to Table 24.6 of the IPMI 1.5
Specification for more information at www.intel.com. The options are Disabled and Enabled.
BMC Watch Dog Timer Action
Allows the BMC to reset or power down the system if the operating system hangs or crashes. The
options are Disabled, Reset System, Power Down, Power Cycle.
BMC Watch Dog TimeOut [Min:Sec]
This option appears if BMC Watch Dog Timer Action (above) is enabled. This is a timed delay in
minutes or seconds, before a system power down or reset after an operating system failure is
detected. The options are [5 Min], [1 Min], [30 Sec], and [10 Sec].
DMI Event Log
View Event Log
Use this option to view the System Event Log.
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7: BIOS
Mark all events as read
This option marks all events as read. The options are OK and Cancel.
Clear event log
This option clears the Event Log memory of all messages. The options are OK and Cancel.
Security Settings
The AMIBIOS Setup Utility provides a Supervisor and a User password. If you use both
passwords, the Supervisor password must be set first. See Figure 7-3.
Figure 7-3
88
Security Settings Screen
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Boot Configuration
This feature indicates if a supervisor's password has been entered (installed).
User Password
This feature indicates if a user's password has been entered (installed).
Change Supervisor Password
Select this option and press <Enter> to access the submenu, and then enter the password.
Change User Password
Select this option and press <Enter> to access the submenu, and then enter the password.
Clear User Password
Note: Available only if User Password has been set.
This item allows you to clear a user password after it has been entered.
Password Check
This item allows you to check a password after it has been entered. The options are Setup and
Always.
Boot Sector Virus Protection
When Enabled, the AMI BIOS displays a warning when any program (or virus) issues a Disk
Format command or attempts to write to the boot sector of the hard disk drive. The options are
Enabled and Disabled.
Boot Configuration
Use this feature to configure boot settings (see Figure 7-4).
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7: BIOS
Figure 7-4
Boot Settings Screen
Boot Device Priority
This feature allows the user to specify the sequence of priority for the Boot Device. The settings
are 1st boot device, 2nd boot device, 3rd boot device, 4th boot device, 5th boot device and
Disabled.
90
•
1st Boot Device - [USB: XXXXXXXXX]
•
2nd Boot Device - [CD/DVD: XXXXXXXXX]
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Exit Options
Hard Disk Drives
This feature allows the user to specify the boot sequence from all available hard disk drives. The
settings are Disabled and a list of all hard disk drives that have been detected (for example, 1st
Drive, 2nd Drive, 3rd Drive, etc).
•
1st Drive - [SATA: XXXXXXXXX]
Removable Drives
This feature allows the user to specify the boot sequence from available Removable Drives. The
settings are 1st boot device, 2nd boot device, and Disabled.
•
1st Drive - [USB: XXXXXXXXX]
•
2nd Drive
Exit Options
Select the Exit tab from the AMI BIOS Setup Utility screen to enter the Exit BIOS Setup screen.
See Figure 7-5.
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7: BIOS
Figure 7-5
Exit Options Screen
Save Changes and Exit
When you have completed the system configuration changes, select this option to leave the BIOS
Setup Utility and reboot the computer, so the new system configuration parameters can take effect.
Select Save Changes and Exit from the Exit menu and press <Enter>.
Discard Changes and Exit
Select this option to quit the BIOS Setup without making any permanent changes to the system
configuration, and reboot the computer. Select Discard Changes and Exit from the Exit menu and
press <Enter>.
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Exit Options
Discard Changes
Select this option and press <Enter> to discard all the changes and return to the AMI BIOS
Utility Program.
Load Optimal Defaults
To set this feature, select Load Optimal Defaults from the Exit menu and press <Enter>. Then,
select OK to allow the AMI BIOS to automatically load Optimal Defaults to the BIOS Settings.
The Optimal settings are designed for maximum system performance, but may not work best for
all computer applications.
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
To set this feature, select Load Fail-Safe Defaults from the Exit menu and press <Enter>. The
Fail-Safe settings are designed for maximum system stability, but not for maximum performance.
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Appendix A
A. BIOS Error Codes
During Power-On Self-Test (POST) routines, which are performed each time the system is
powered on, errors may occur.
Non-fatal errors are those which, in most cases, allow the system to continue the boot-up process.
The error messages normally appear on the screen.
Fatal errors are those which will not allow the system to continue the boot-up procedure. If a fatal
error occurs, you should consult with your system manufacturer for possible repairs.
These fatal errors are usually communicated through a series of audible beeps. The numbers on
the fatal error list correspond to the number of beeps for the corresponding error.
Table A-1
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BIOS Error Codes
Beep Code
Error Message
Description
1 beep
Refresh
Circuits have been reset. Ready to power up.
5 short beeps + 1 long beep
Memory error
No memory detected in the system
8 beeps
Display memory read/write
error
Video adapter missing or with faulty
memory
1 continuous beep with the
front panel OH LED on
System Overheat
Probable problem with system fans/system
airflow
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Appendix B
B. System Specifications
Processors
Single or dual Intel Xeon 5500 processors (both CPUs must be of the same type)
Chipset
Intel 5520/ICH10R chipset
BIOS
32 Mb AMI® SPI Flash ROM
Memory Capacity
Eighteen DIMM sockets supporting up to 144 GB of DDR3-1333/1066/800 registered ECC
SDRAM
Note: Interleaved memory - requires memory must be installed four modules at a time.
SATA Controller
Intel on-chip (ICH10R) controller for 6-port 3 Gb/s SATA (RAID 0, 1, 10 and 5 supported)
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B: System Specifications
SATA Drive Bays
Eight hot-swap drive bays to house six standard SATA drives
Peripheral Drive Bays
One slim DVD-ROM drive
Expansion Slots
Two PCI-Express Gen. 2 x8 slots (one in a x16 slot), one PCI-Express x4 slot (in a x8 slot), three
64-bit 133/100 MHz PCI-X slots and one UIO slot.
Serverboard
X8DTN+ (Extended ATX form factor)
Dimensions: 13.68 x 13.05 in (348 x 332 mm)
Chassis
SC825TQ-R720LPB (2U rackmount)
Dimensions: (WxHxD) 16.8 x 3.5 x 25.5 in. (427 x 89 x 648 mm)
Weight
Gross (Bare Bone): 57 lbs. (25.9 kg.)
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System Cooling
System Cooling
Three (3) 8-cm system cooling fans
System Input Requirements
AC Input Voltage: 100-240V AC auto-range
Rated Input Current: 9A - 4A
Rated Input Frequency: 50 to 60 Hz
Efficiency: 80+ (Gold Level)
Power Supply
Rated Output Power: 720W (Part# PWS-721P-1R)
Rated Output Voltages: +12V (59A), +5Vsb (4A)
Operating Environment
Operating Temperature: 0º to 35º C (32º to 95º F)
Non-operating Temperature: -40º to 70º C (-40º to 158º F)
Operating Relative Humidity: 20% to 95% (non-condensing)
Non-operating Relative Humidity: 5 to 95% (non-condensing)
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B: System Specifications
Regulatory Compliance
Electromagnetic Emissions: FCC Class A, EN 55022 Class A, EN 61000-3-2/-3-3, CISPR 22
Class A
Electromagnetic Immunity: EN 55024/CISPR 24, (EN 61000-4-2, EN 61000-4-3,
EN 61000-4-4, EN 61000-4-5, EN 61000-4-6, EN 61000-4-8, EN 61000-4-11)
Safety: CSA/EN/IEC/UL 60950-1 Compliant, UL or CSA Listed (USA and Canada), CE Marking
(Europe)
California Best Management Practices Regulations for Perchlorate Materials: This Perchlorate
warning applies only to products containing CR (Manganese Dioxide) Lithium coin cells.
“Perchlorate Material-special handling may apply. See
www.dtsc.ca.gov/hazardouswaste/perchlorate”
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