Sega | G-80 | Service manual | Sega G-80 Service manual

The Evil, Infamous, Unreliable, Flaming...
Electrohome
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Vector Monitor Guide
Version 1.14
April 9th, 2012
Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................3
MONITOR HISTORY....................................................................................................4
PART DESCRIPTIONS..................................................................................................6
HOW IT ALL WORKS.................................................................................................15
REPAIR PREPARATION.............................................................................................16
DEBUGGING THE MONITOR...................................................................................20
INSTALLING A CAP KIT...........................................................................................26
MAKING THE MONITOR MORE RELIABLE..........................................................31
TUBE REPLACEMENT...............................................................................................33
USING A G08-003 WITH COSMIC CHASM.............................................................34
Appendix A: Common Ground Connections................................................................36
Appendix B: Testing Transistors...................................................................................37
Appendix C: Parts Lists.................................................................................................39
REFERENCES..............................................................................................................41
DOCUMENT HISTORY..............................................................................................41
Page 1 of 41
CAUTION: The Electrohome G08 monitor is extremely flammable. Do not operate around
combustible liquids or materials. This document should not be used to put out any flames caused
by the monitor.
Page 2 of 41
G08 Vector Monitor Guide
INTRODUCTION
Ok, enough making fun of the G08 :-). It is actually a pretty strong monitor considering the work
that it does, and when it is working it is a fairly impressive color vector monitor. There are horror
stories about this monitor, and most of them are true (and the list is long), but on the other hand,
there are others that have had theirs for 15 years without it breaking down once. Before working on
your G08 monitor, read through this entire document, and be certain you have schematics for
additional review.
Acknowledgements
The following people have contributed to the development of this document: Mark Jenison, David
Shuman, Michael Kelley, Al Kossow, Roger Boots, Zonn Moore, David Fish. Special thanks to
Tom McClintock for his contributions and for helping make the jump from ASCII text to
something much more readable.
DISCLAIMER
CAUTION!!! LETHAL VOLTAGES ARE PRESENT IN ARCADE MONITORS.
SUITABLE PRECAUTIONS SHOULD BE TAKEN BEFORE ATTEMPTING TO
SERVICE YOUR MONITOR. REMEMBER, NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, ARE GIVEN. USE THIS INFORMATION AT YOUR OWN RISK.
AUTHORS ARE NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY DAMAGES THAT MAY OCCUR TO
YOUR PERSON OR PROPERTY.
The Electrohome G08 is the monitor that was used in the Sega/Gremlin color vector games Space
Fury, Eliminator, Zektor, Tac/Scan, and Star Trek and in the Cinematronics game Cosmic Chasm.
The Electrohome G08 monitors, like other vector monitors, were notorious for their failure rate.
There were a few different versions of the G08 monitor in an attempt to evolve towards a more
reliable design.
The first model of the Electrohome G08 monitor was the G08-001. Since Space Fury was
Sega/Gremlin's first color vector release, one might find this monitor in an early production Space
Fury. The monitor, however, must have been very prone to failure, as in the initial manual there
already was a “future” version already being worked on. The G08-001 monitor used MJ15003 and
MJ15004 deflection transistors and had direct connections from the deflection transistors to the
deflection board. Sega determined that the problems encountered with the G08-001 were centered
around the deflection amplifiers. Underrated power transistors combined with an extended "on"
time during the power-up routine resulted in damage to the amplifier circuit.
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G08 Vector Monitor Guide
The second model was the G08-003 (there does not seem to be a G08-002). The most notable
change in the G08-003 was the addition of two “current limiting” boards that are plugged in
between the deflection board and the heatsink mounted deflection transistors. These boards provide
current limiting and short circuit protection for the deflection transistors. All four deflection
transistors were upgraded to 2N6259 transistors, and a HV regulator board was added to the HV
unit.
However, Electrohome confused the issue of the G08-003 by releasing several different deflection
board revisions under the same model number. These different “issues” are covered in the
deflection board section of this document.
The third model of the monitor was the Electrohome G08-004. The preliminary manual, though it
includes the G08-004 in the title, does not mention the G08-004, nor does it provide schematics. It
is thought that the G08-004 is the monitor model used in the cocktail versions of the Sega XY
games, meaning it is nothing more than a G08-003 mounted on a different frame. Whether or not
the G08-004 is another version of the deflection board or just a monitor frame change is still a
mystery.
According to the manual, Cinematronics’ Cosmic Chasm uses still another version of the monitor
called the G08-105. There has been some speculation that Electrohome made this version of the
monitor specifically for Cinematronics. The G08-105 was manufactured in October of 1982, and it
uses SDT 1064’s for deflection transistors. A special transformer(s) used for this game outputs
49VAC from the center tap. On this version, the current limiting boards are removed, and their
circuitry has been integrated into the deflection board. Also, the monitor expects inputs in the
1VDC to 4VDC range, whereas the other versions of the G08 expect inputs in the 0VDC (off) to
4VDC range (full brightness). The G08-105 also uses a Rauland medium resolution tube,
19VNJP22, and a different deflection yoke than the standard G08. Unfortunately, there is very little
information known about this monitor.
This document mostly covers the Electrohome G08-003 model, since it is the most common of the
monitor versions, and experience with the other versions of the monitor is limited. This document
will discuss the parts of the Electrohome G08-003 monitor and the symptoms and testing
procedures of the entire set up. Hopefully this document will assist in the repair and debugging of
this monitor. But first, a little background into the history of the Electrohome G08 monitor.
MONITOR HISTORY
The following information is a compilation of conversations, e-mails, and chats between Michael
Kelley and Don Mahler, a Sega/Gremlin designer who worked on many of the vector games that
used the Electrohome GO8.
Don started at Sega/Gremlin in May 1981, while he was on recess from Cal Poly for the summer.
He was hired initially to help design the Vector control and timing boards that are in the G-80
boardsets.
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G08 Vector Monitor Guide
“At the time I came to work at Sega, the G-80 setup was already there. I think Astro Blaster was
one of the first to use the configuration. For the time it was pretty impressive. The modular design
got some things done that would have been very difficult to do on a single board. The main CPU
was not being taxed with sound/speech operations, so the speech was excellent for that time, and
the sounds were nice, too.
They had already begun working on a game that they wanted to be vector, and decided they wanted
it to be color as well. Initially, it reminded me of a vector version of Gorf, with the player being
taunted by a weird alien during the game. None of the color routine was set up yet, (I think we were
running a G05), and the game didn’t look very much like the final product at all. This game ended
up being Space Fury.
I was brought in after I spoke with an Electrohome representative who was lecturing at Cal [Poly].
He told me that they were working on a color Vector monitor, and since I was (and always have
been) interested in games, he suggested that I apply to Sega/Gremlin on a co-op for summer work.
I ended up working there for almost 3 years.”
“My job was to take the rough breadboard they had as a AVG and design something that would fit
into the G-80 setup (this was a must, they were really in love with it) and eliminate the massive
board they were using in the lab. I was initially going to try to do this on one board. But, after about
3 weeks into it, I decided that it would be impossible to do one board that would fit into the G80
cage. So, I came up with the idea of both the vector timing and control boards, and it ended up
working out.”
“When I heard of the problems that plagued the monitor, I felt terrible. We at Sega (and
Electrohome) really wanted a spot killer, but at the time, Atari sued whomever they wanted, and
always won. The G05 design (Asteroids, Asteroids Deluxe, Battlezone, Red Baron, Bally’s Omega
Race, etc.) was actually developed by Atari. Atari’s production was not geared to making monitors,
so they commissioned Electrohome to produce the monitor (Atari actually received a cut for Bally
using the G05 in Omega Race). So, using a spot killer was definitely out, and Electrohome had to
come up with something else. Many aspects of the monitor and x/y timing and control boards were
developed so that we wouldn’t get crushed by Atari’s legal dept...”
“I remember Mark Shayton (Sega/Gremlin head of engineering) having a fit over the G08’s
problems. Initially, they pointed the finger at me (I was the dumb intern, I made the x/y
timing/control boards), but things got pretty hot (no pun intended) between Sega and Electrohome
when it was proven that the monitor was the problem...”
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G08 Vector Monitor Guide
PART DESCRIPTIONS
The following sections describe the different major assemblies of the Electrohome G08-003 vector
monitor. Before we delve into the different parts of the G08 monitor, it is important to discuss the
different schematics that exist. The best schematics to reference are included in the Tac/Scan,
Zektor or Star Trek manuals. These contain the schematics with the HV Regulator PCB, the Input
Clamp board and the Current Limiting boards. From review, it appears Electrohome made updates
to the G08 monitor, but Sega neglected to change this information in their manuals.
Below is a brief summary of the different manuals and their attributes. The “a” signifies the
inclusion of the HV Regulator board only, while the “b” suffix includes both the HV Regulator
board and the Input Clamp board. The “c” denotes the most complete information on the G08-003
monitor.
Manual
Eliminator
Space Fury Preliminary
Star Trek
Tac/Scan
Zektor
G08 Service Manual
G08-003/004 Preliminary Service Manual
Schematics
none
none
G08-003c
G08-003c
G08-003c
Parts List
none
none
G08-003b
G08-003b
G08-003b
Sega
Drawing Number
200-0025
none
200-0025
200-0025
200-0025
G08-001; G08-003a
G08-003b
G08-001
G08-003c
none
none
Input Clamp Board
This small 1 ½” x 3” board is usually mounted on a thin metal support across the back chassis of
the monitor. This board prevents invalid inputs from over-driving the monitor. Without this board,
the monitor picture will be larger, so the board does some “trimming down” of the signal inputs.
The input clamp board is the first interface into the monitor, and plugs into the main deflection
board. Since it is screwed to a thin piece of metal, usually you will find non-conductive tape on the
back of this board to prevent the header pins from grounding to the metal. A detailed parts list of
the Input Clamp board is provided in Appendix A.
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G08 Vector Monitor Guide
The Input Clamp board has a pinout as follows:
Pin #
1
2
3
4
5
6
Description
Horizontal Input
Vertical Input
Common
Red Input
Green Input
Blue Input
Specification
+/- 4V maximum
+/- 3V maximum
Ground
+4V @ full brightness
+4V @ full brightness
+4V @ full brightness
Deflection Board
The deflection board is the large PCB mounted to the bottom of the chassis (7” x 10”). The G08003 version will also have two vertically mounted PCBs (2” x 2”) connected to the deflection board
mounted on header pins on the right side of the board. These are the “current limiting” boards.
According to the schematics, the G08-001 does not have the “current limiting” boards. Therefore,
the deflection transistors would plug in directly to the G08-001 deflection board.
The horizontal and vertical “current limiting” boards were an attempt to add short circuit and
current limiting protection for the output transistors. These boards would typically fail
catastrophically in the event that something went wrong with the deflection circuitry.
The deflection board creates a low voltage power supply for the HV board, and controls the “X”
and “Y” video amplifiers. Looking at the board with the potentiometers (controls) towards you, the
upper right side of the board is “Y” deflection circuitry, the lower right/middle is the “X”
deflection circuitry, and the left side of the board is the low voltage power supply.
There are several different versions of the deflection board that were made for the G08-003. They
are easily distinguished from one another by looking at the top of the deflection board under the
large 3-ohm 20W ceramic resistors (or 2 1.5-ohm 20W resistors, depending on your deflection
board version) and looking for text stating “Issue X Component Layout”, where “X” is the issue
number.
Issue 1, 2, and 3 deflection boards have the same or similar component layouts as found in the
“Sega/Gremlin” Color X-Y monitor manual. Issue 1, 2 and 3 deflection boards have resistors R636,
R637, R736, and R737 typically on the bottom of the deflection board, or hacked into the current
limiting boards.
Issue 4 deflection boards may or may not exist. It is currently unknown if any G08 Issue 4
deflection boards were produced.
Issue 5 deflection boards have places for resistors R636, R637, R736, R737 screened on top of the
board. Issue 5 deflection boards may be found with or without diodes D601, D602, D701, and
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G08 Vector Monitor Guide
D702 populated. If your deflection board has these diodes, just leave them installed. They do not
appear to make a functional difference.
There are even different issue numbers for the foil patterns screened on the bottom of the deflection
boards. These issue numbers on the bottom of the deflection boards do not necessarily match the
issue number on the top of the board. For example, you might find an issue 2 screen on a issue 3
deflection board, or issue 4 screen on an issue 5 deflection board.
All these different variations make it very difficult to write a document for a very specific
deflection board. While one deflection PCB may look much different than another physically, most
of the time one will find the components mounted or soldered somewhere else which makes the
two boards functionally equivalent.
The schematics found in the Tac/Scan and Star Trek manuals matches the schematics found in the
“Preliminary service data for the G08-003/004 X-Y color monitor (up to date as of Feb 1982)”.
Neither the schematics nor the parts list show diodes D601, D602, D701, or D702. For the most
part, it appears that all issues of the G08-003 deflection board are attempts to hack (and probably
should be hacked) to support the G08-003/004 schematics in general.
I would not recommend modifying any G08 deflection board from issue to issue, but to simply
verify that the current hacks on the board match the schematics in the Tac/Scan or Star Trek
manuals. If they do not, modify the deflection board accordingly.
The input amplifier, IC600, and surrounding circuitry on the deflection board serve two purposes:
First, it compensates for a type of distortion known as the pincushion effect. This occurs because
the electron-beam must travel a greater distance when striking the edges of the CRT than when it
hits the center. If the beam were to trace along the edges of the CRT, the beam would draw a box
with its left and right sides bowed inward. To compensate for the effect, this circuit offsets the
point where the beam would normally strike the CRT surface.
Secondly, this circuit contains two error amplifiers, one for the horizontal and one for the vertical
inputs. Each error amp has two inputs; one is set to zero volts, the other accepts the analog signal
from the G-80 system, sensing current movement in the deflection coil. The analog signal is
allowed to pass through the error amps and drive the deflection (power) amps. The outputs of the
“X” and “Y” power amps pass current through their respective deflection coils. The output leads of
the two coils are connected back to the analog inputs of the respective error amps, as mentioned
above. This acts as an error, or feedback, signal and ensures that the current through the deflection
coil remains proportional to the voltage on the error amp inputs. If this signal were not provided,
there would be a slight deflection error when an analog input signal was present.
IC600 is a custom chip, Electrohome part number 14-002156-01 (and Sega part number 315-0117).
This IC can be destroyed in certain failure modes and, since it is custom, the only way to repair a
deflection board that has a bad or missing chip is to find another deflection board.
Page 8 of 41
G08 Vector Monitor Guide
The circuit of D409, R410, and R411, in combination with IC900 on the HV board, is a spot-killer
that prevents the electron-beams from burning a hole in the phosphor surface of the CRT when the
monitor is turned off.
The outputs of the “X” and “Y” deflection amps can swing between +63V and -63V. This voltage
is high enough to provide up to 8 amps, peak-to-peak, of current through the deflection coils. The
power input of the deflection board is an isolated +45V Center Tap. The monitor's power
connector pinout:
Pin #
1
2
3
Connection
45 VAC
Center Tap
45 VAC
One of the most important things to watch on these monitors is the input power. Input voltage is 90
VAC nominal. You are better off running lower than higher. If the input voltage is too high, the
rectified voltages for everything also increases, and over-voltage may cause problems for some
parts, especially the deflection transistors.
The low voltage power supply section creates the following voltages:




+/-63 VDC (goes to X-Y power amplifiers)
+55 VDC to RGB video drivers and spot killer
+/-9.1 VDC to the IC’s
+126 VDC to the EHT oscillator
When you look at your deflection board and your schematics, you may notice some discrepancies
and ask "Where is part x?"

R636, R637, R736, and R737: On issues 1, 2 and 3 deflection boards, these resistors should
be found on the bottom of the deflection PCB, or possibly the current limiting boards.

C726: The capacitor C726 is typically found in parallel across R726 (either over the resistor
itself, or soldered to the bottom of the board). C626 is attached in the same manner.

Diode near R726: Sometimes there is no diode near R726. The diode is a 1N914. If you
want to insert the diode, simply place the board in a position where the current limiting
boards are on your left. Lift the right leg of the resistor, and attach the banded end of the
diode away from the resistor, and place the end of the diode in the hole the resistor leg was
in.

D701, D702, D601, D602: These diodes are a bit of a mystery. They originally appeared
in the G08-001 and G08-003 schematics in the “Sega/Gremlin Color X-Y Monitor” manual,
but then dropped out of the “Preliminary Service Data G08-003/004 X-Y Color Monitor”
manual’s parts list and schematics. If they are missing, don’t bother installing them.
Page 9 of 41
G08 Vector Monitor Guide

R635 and R735: Some G08 deflection boards have a ‘teepee’ of large ceramic resistors in
these locations. As noted in the schematics, there should be a single 3-Ohm 20W resistor in
each location. Some have been replaced with two 1.5-Ohm resistors in series. It is unclear
why this modification was done to some G08-003 deflection boards (possibly cooling
reasons?).

Two resistors hacked onto the back of the current limiting boards: These resistors appear
on Issue 2 and Issue 3 deflection boards for the most part. On both of the current limiting
boards, the trace for pin 1 is cut near the top connector and a 0.2-Ohm 5W resistor is
inserted (i.e., the traces are cut and hooked back together via the resistor). The trace for pin
2 of the connector is also cut near the top, and a 100-Ohm resistor goes from pin 2 to the
BOTTOM CONNECTOR “pin 1” (connecting with the other end of the 0.2-Ohm resistor).
Pin 2 (top) is then jumpered down to the collector of Q704. These resistors are in the
transistor #1 circuit. On issues 5 deflection boards, you will find these resistors missing,
but there will be 100-ohm resistors on the deflection board transistor harness across the
terminals of transistor #1 and sometimes #2.
This resistor ‘hack’ is detailed from an Issue 2 deflection board with an issue 2 screen on
the bottom, and no traces on the bottom of the PCB are cut, as usually seen on most
deflection boards.
Defection Transistors And Heat Sink
When looking at the back of the monitor, the deflection transistors and associated heat sink is on
the right, mounted to the metal frame. This metal box is a heat sink that holds two pairs of
deflection transistors mounted on opposite sides. A cooling fan is mounted such that it blows air
into the heat sink. The function of this part is to provide cooling of the deflection transistors.
The deflection transistors for the G08-001 are listed in the schematics as MJ15003 and MJ15004.
These transistors were replaced with the more heavy-duty 2N6529 transistors in the G08-003
model. Unfortunately, the 2N6529 transistors have been discontinued, making these beasts difficult
to find.
If you are working on a G08-001 monitor, be VERY careful. The original G08-001 design used the
MJ15003/MJ15004 in a push-pull combination - one NPN and one PNP. The later models of the
G08 used the 2N6259 design where BOTH outputs were NPN. The driver circuit is quite different
between the two models. Be certain you know which monitor you are working on!
Rodger Boots had the following to say about the 2N6259 transistors:
“There is nothing wrong with the 2N6259 and you are going to be hard pressed to find a better part.
Just because the NTE388 LOOKS to be a better part doesn’t tell the whole story. There is not much
out there that has better secondary breakdown characteristics than a 2N6259, but you will never tell
that by looking at just numbers, you need to see a breakdown chart. This will show you where
secondary breakdown is.
Page 10 of 41
G08 Vector Monitor Guide
For example, looking at the 2N3716 data sheet you will see that at full voltage (80 volts) the part
will withstand 0.2 amps. That is only 16 watts allowed for what is supposed to be a 150-watt part!
Compare that with a 2N6259 that can take 200 watts of dissipation with 90 volts across the part!
It is about a 200-watt part and you can dissipate ALL OF IT with 90 volts across the part!!! A
normal transistor would go into secondary breakdown (definition: localized melting of the junction
due to current hogging - very destructive) at 20 to 40 volts. There are VERY few transistors that
even come close to what this thing can do.
What kills the 2N6259 is over voltage, plain and simple. The part is rated for (I think) 125 volts,
maybe as high as 150. However, the G08 uses +/-63 volts IDEALLY. So when the amplifier
swings to the rail during a fast vector draw you have close to 125 volts.
Remember I said IDEALLY? That is with the game plugged in to a 110-volt line, since that is what
the Gremlin/Sega power transformer was designed for. Are there any of you with only 110 volts
coming out of the wall? More like 120 to 130, isn’t it? THAT is why I keep saying the game needs
to be re-strapped to match the power line. Either buck out the extra voltage with some filament
transformers or whatever, but DO reduce the voltage. And what happens when the occasional
power line spike comes along? The monitor blows up, that’s what.
In my Showbiz Pizza days we used to use NTE388’s in an Eliminator at about $10 per part. They
still blew up until one of the techs (not me) ran the power into the 110 and 240 taps of the game
power transformer. The result was a 130 volt winding. The transistors quit blowing. It was just that
simple.”
There might be a 100-Ohm resistor placed across the terminals of the deflection transistors. These
resistors do not show up in the schematics, what effect these resistors have on the circuit is
uncertain.
HV Unit
The High Voltage (HV) unit creates the high voltage for the tube as well as the AC voltage for the
CRT heater. The HV unit consists of a PCB mounted in a metal box. The PCB has a HV
transformer mounted on it. A small PCB (1” x 2”) is mounted to the outside of the box; this PCB is
the HV Regulator PCB. The HV is mounted in a metal frame and has a 10-pin header at the top.
The deflection board plugs in here.
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G08 Vector Monitor Guide
The pinouts for the HV 10-pin header are as follows:
Pin #
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Description
Y
X
-9.1 VDC
+9.1 VDC
GND
GND (heater)
+6.3 VAC (heater)
+126 VDC
NC
VG2 (variable gain;
part of brightness circuitry)
The HV PCB has three controls on it: R917 (frequency control), R918, and R933 (sensing voltage).
Frequency control regulates the voltage the transformer puts out. Sensing voltage controls the level
at which the HV supply will shut itself off to prevent a dangerous, X-ray producing over-voltage
condition. R918 provides a sensitivity setting for shutting down the HV when the beam is not
changing. Some manuals incorrectly reference R933 as R920. R920 was the G08-001 name for
this control.
The large control on the HV unit (R922) is the focus control.
The small PCB affixed to the outside of the metal cage is a voltage regulator that regulates the
input between +100VDC and +126VDC.
IC900 on the HV unit is a high-voltage oscillator. This is Electrohome part number 14-002155-01
(EHT Control Circuit), and is another custom Sega part (Sega Part number 315-0118). This IC
operates the high-voltage transformer, T901. This transformer is technically a flyback type, but it is
not used to deflect the beam. IC900 serves two other functions; it senses the presence of the
10.3KV through R921 and R932 and compares it against the 9.1 supply voltage to ensure a
regulated output, and also senses the varying current in either deflection coil. If no change is
detected, the IC shuts down the high-voltage oscillator to prevent the beam from "burning" the face
of the CRT.
The HV transformer (T901) is otherwise unavailable for replacement. These HV transformers are
extremely reliable compared to all other vector monitors out there, but if yours does go bad, you
will have to find another G08 HV cage for a replacement.
If IC900 is bad, another must be taken from a donor HV unit.
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G08 Vector Monitor Guide
CRT Neck Board
The CRT neck board is a 4” x 4” PCB with a large tube socket mounted directly in the middle of it.
It connects to the end of the monitor tube. The board controls the color guns of the tube.
The neck board has a few controls on it. One side contains a single “blue gain” control, while the
opposite side has “red cutoff”, “red gain”, “green gain”, “green cutoff”.
The color drive circuits accept a 4-volt maximum signal on the RGB inputs. The outputs drive the
three electron-beams in the CRT. Three neon glow-bulbs, NE-100, 101, and 102 act as spark
arresters for the color-drive outputs to the CRT.
Most of the neck PCBs will have different Issues numbers screen into the top of the board and the
bottom of the board. It is unknown if there are any different revisions of the neck board. However,
this may be the one portion of the G08 monitor that was correctly designed, and you should have
little or no problems with the neck PCB.
Tube
This is large glass funnel shaped... it’s a monitor tube for crying out loud! The tube is nothing
special. It is a 19VLUP22, a standard resolution 100 degree tube which is also found in the Wells
Gardner 6100 color XY monitors. However, these monitors often came with a “tinted crt mask”
covering or shield over the front of the monitor to make the vectors look better.
A degaussing circuit is provided through D404, D405, and R400. The CRT is automatically
degaussed when R400 is cooled sufficiently to conduct current through the degaussing coil.
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G08 Vector Monitor Guide
Part Number Summary
This following list summarizes all the Electrohome part numbers for the G08 monitors. These
numbers do not reflect the issue numbers between the deflection board revisions.
Monitor
Electrohome
Part Number
G08-001 Manual
EHT Supply Assembly
Deflection Amp PCB Assembly
CRT Socket PCB Assembly
Heat Sink Assembly
G08-001
G08-001
G08-001
G08-001
02-170003-01
02-170005-01
02-170006-01
02-170004-01
G08-003 Preliminary Manual
EHT Supply Assembly
EHT Regulator Assembly
Input Clamp Assembly
Deflection Amp Assembly
Horizontal Current Limiter
Vertical Current Limiter
CRT Socket PCB Assembly
Heat Sink Assembly
G08-003
G08-003
G08-003
G08-003
G08-003
G08-003
G08-003
G08-003
02-170002-02
02-170016-01
03-170021-01
02-170005-02
03-170020-01
03-170020-02
02-170006-01
03-170025-01
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G08 Vector Monitor Guide
HOW IT ALL WORKS
Inputs come in from the game boards (most commonly the Sega G-80 system XY timing and
control boards) and are fed into the input protection board. The input signals then go to the
deflection board, and the deflection board does its stuff. The deflection board sends an “OK, these
signals are cool” signal to the HV unit, which turns on and provides the HV to the picture tube and
the AC to the heater. The deflection board then feeds the color signals to the neck board, and
controls their position with the deflection yoke.
The G-08 monitor has a unique spot killer system, in that if the monitor receives no valid inputs
from the game board, the monitor will shut down the high voltage. This method of selfpreservation differs from that built into the Wells-Gardner 6100 color XY monitor, which, in a
zero-deflection mode, shuts down the Z amplifier, which is like turning the brightness level to zero.
The G08 has no Z amplifier, and must protect itself by more drastic measures.
Page 15 of 41
G08 Vector Monitor Guide
REPAIR PREPARATION
So you have a G08, and you have no idea of its condition. There are a few basic things to do before
we fire it up (“fire it up” might be a poor choice of words here ;-)).
1)
Start by dismantling the monitor.
First, discharge the monitor tube. There is high voltage under the monitor’s anode cup if the
monitor has been powered up recently. It may not be necessary to discharge a monitor tube that
has been sitting for a while, but it is best to be on the safe side, so get in the practice of always
discharging a monitor tube before you begin work on a monitor.
There are many ways to discharge a tube. The recommended way is via a High Voltage probe.
Connect the ground of the HV probe to the monitor chassis, and insert the probe end
underneath the anode cup and watch the voltage go to 0 (do not touch the chassis during this
procedure). However, as some people may not have access to a HV probe, a cheaper (but less
safe) alternative is provided below.
Place the monitor on a non-conductive surface. Do not touch the monitor with your hands while
doing this procedure, as we will be discharging the monitor to the monitor chassis. Locate the
anode cup; it is the suction cup thingy attached to the tube that has a red wire coming out of it.
A few inches from it, there is a metal shield that surrounds the back of the tube. We will be
discharging the tube to this shield.
Insert a long screwdriver with a plastic handle under the anode cup, and tilt the screwdriver
such that it also makes contact with the metal shield. There should be a few quick snaps. Hold
the screwdriver there for a second, and then you are done.
Next, remove the neck board, as bumping it may cause you to break the tube’s neck. Getting
the neck board out of the way will keep you from accidentally bumping it when trying to reach
other parts. Next, unsolder the wire that goes from the back of the focus knob to the neck board.
This is required in order to separate the HV unit from the deflection board. Everything else is
connectorized and screwed together, so it should be easy enough to take the monitor apart.
Make sure you have removed the neck board from the tube before removing the 10-pin
connector on the HV unit! Trust me, you are less likely to break the tube’s neck this way.
2)
Check the large deflection transistors.
Visually inspect the transistors and make sure they are even the correct transistor type.
Operators sometimes attempted to substitute other types of transistors for the 2N6259s or
MJ15003 / MJ15004, so make sure the transistors are correct to start out with.
Test the deflection transistors through the connectors. Please read the procedure in “Appendix
B” before continuing.
Page 16 of 41
G08 Vector Monitor Guide
Unlike the Wells Gardner 6100 color XY monitor, which uses 2N3716 and 2N3972 transistors
in a push-pull configuration, all the transistors in the G08 should be identical (unless you have
an original G08-001 which used the MJ15003 for one set, and MJ15004 for the other set).
Deflection Transistor Harness Connector
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Description
emitter #1
base #1
NC
collector #1
emitter #2
base #2
collector #2
Get out your multimeter and do a resistance test between the following pins, using the red and
black probes (indicating + and common/ground, respectively). Example: 1Red means you are
touching pin 1 with the red probe. These tests are performed with the power turned OFF.
Typically, there is a 100-ohm resistor across the transistor #1. If so, you will get these readings:
Deflection Transistor Resistance
1Red - 2Black: 20 ohms
1Red - 4Black: 0 ohms
2Red - 1Black: 100 ohms
2Red - 4Black: 0 ohms
4Red - 1Black: 50 ohms
4Red - 2Black: 0 ohms
5Red - 6Black: 0 ohms
5Red - 7Black: 0 ohms
6Red - 5Black: 20 ohms
6Red - 7Black: 20 ohms
7Red - 5Black: 0 ohms
7Red - 6Black: 0 ohms
If yours does not have the 100-ohm resistor, you will get both transistors reading like the
bottom half of the table above.
Most shorts will occur between the collector and either the base or emitter. If your test through
the connector reveals a short, pull the transistor and test it separately. If it is good out of circuit,
you may have accidentally shorted either the base or emitter against the heat sink, or the
transistor socket may have been bent. If the transistor tests bad detached from the heat sink, it is
ready for the garbage.
Page 17 of 41
G08 Vector Monitor Guide
If you have to replace transistors, replace them all with the same type. Using the original
2N6259s would be ideal, but these may be very difficult to find. MJ15024 is a suitable
replacement.
Again, if you have a G08-001 (doubtful; most all were returned to Electrohome in their monitor
swap program), use the MJ15003 and MJ15004 combination.
3)
Resolder pins, joints, etc.
There are a few key points that generally need resoldered on these monitors.
Resolder all header pins. These are the pins that accept connectors. Check all the header pin
joints on the bottom of the deflection board, the current limiting boards (if present), the input
protection board, and the HV unit. Do not just reflow the solder; add a little fresh solder to each
pin (do not overflow onto adjacent pins, though). Double-check your work with an ohmmeter
when you are done.
Another common place where solder joints go bad is the HV regulator PCB. Sometimes the
regulators on this board get bumped and they break. Unscrew the HV regulator PCB from the
side of HV unit and resolder the pins to the HV regulators.
Be very careful when resoldering devices, as the screen has traces that lift very easily.
4)
Do a visual inspection of the boards.
If you look at the bottom of the HV PCB or the bottom (or even top) of the deflection board,
you may see cut traces with jumper wires here and there, some resistors, transistors and diodes
soldered to the bottom. Do not let this frighten you. Assume that these are “factory
modifications” and leave them alone.
Look for burnt resistors, loose capacitors, broken solder joints, and broken transistor legs.
Resolder anything that looks suspect. If the deflection board has the current limiting boards,
carefully inspect them as they commonly have destroyed components. Reflow and increase the
quantity of solder on the joints for the large capacitors and the HV transformer. Make sure the
fin heat sinks on the small transistors on the deflection board do NOT TOUCH ANYTHING
except the transistor it is trying to cool. Replace burnt resistors and loose capacitors. If you can,
it is a good idea to replace the electrolytic capacitors on the deflection board (the large filter
caps can normal be skipped though), since these components tend to dry out and fail as they
age.
5)
Do an ohmmeter and diode inspection of the boards.
Test the diodes on the HV and deflection boards. Put the negative test lead on one end of the
diode, and the positive test lead on the other end of the diode. Then reverse. You should get a
Page 18 of 41
G08 Vector Monitor Guide
definite reading only in one direction (due to testing in circuit, you may see a negligible reading
in the other direction).
Test the transistors on the HV and deflection boards. This is a little hard to do in-circuit, but
you should get a definite reading in at least two of the combinations, and none of the
combinations should look like a short.
Test the fuses. A visual inspection may not catch a blown fuse. Use the ohmmeter across the
fuse holder, not just the fuse itself.
6)
Reassemble.
Reconnect and screw things into place. Resolder the focus knob lead. Double-check your work.
This is about all you can do to prepare for launch. Let the count down begin....
Connect the monitor to a known working boardset. Here is the catch-22: if you picked up a
non-working game, you won’t know if the monitor is bad, or the game boardset is bad, or both.
You have two unknowns, which could make monitor debugging a real pain. My advice,
therefore, is to NOT test with an unknown game boardset.
Do what you can to borrow someone’s working set to test the monitor. The unknown monitor
has virtually NO chance of hurting a working set of boards (unless the monitor decides to torch
the whole cabinet. ;-)). The following debugging section assumes you have a working game
boardset.
Page 19 of 41
G08 Vector Monitor Guide
DEBUGGING THE MONITOR
To debug the monitor, you will need a known working game boardset and power supply. Hook up
the power and video inputs to the monitor.
Now, unplug the connector that goes to the monitor yoke. This removes the load off of the
deflection board so nothing will burn up if some there is a problem, and allows you to take direct
reading of the inputs to the yoke. You need either a scope or a digital auto-ranging multimeter
because the voltage at the yoke inputs is going to be swinging from +63V to –63V very quickly.
On an auto-ranging multimeter, you will see a bunch of random numbers between +63V and –63V.
This will indicate the deflection circuit is working. During this time, there will be no deflection of
the beam, so the beam will shoot straight to the center of the monitor. Do not test like this for a
long period of time because it may damage the phosphors. However, this is normally not a
problem because it should take less than 30 seconds to determine the output of the deflection
circuit.
Since getting to the pins of the yoke input are difficult to get to, you will want to make a connector
with wires similar to that of the yoke itself. Plug in your “fake yoke” connector and attach meter
probes to it instead. Pins 1 and 2 are the Y output, and Pins 3 and 4 are the X output.
Ok, we are ready to begin. Connect black and red multimeter probes to pins 2 and 1 respectively
and power on the game. Note the values for a few seconds. Power the game off. Connect the
black and red probes to pins 3 and 4 respectively and power on the game. Notes the values for a
few seconds. Power the game off. Random changing values, either negative or positive, are good;
static numbers near 0, +63V or –63V are bad and there is something wrong with the deflection
circuit or the custom chip. It is uncommon for the custom chip to be the cause, however.
If everything looks good, power down the monitor, hook up the yoke, and power up the monitor.
If there is something wrong, determine which circuit and thus which parts are in question. Check
voltages on the deflection board and look at the schematics. If the output to the yoke is +63V, then
a transistor that controls the +63V is probably in question. So forth for the –63V.
Start by checking the deflection circuity first, and once you are confident the circuitry is good, then
start looking at the custom chip.
Page 20 of 41
G08 Vector Monitor Guide
WARNING: Working with monitors of unknown operating condition can be
EXTREMELY dangerous. The Electrohome G08 is no exception. If fact, there are
probably more horror stories about this monitor than any other. Proceed with extreme
caution.
Symptom: No picture; No fuses blow; No heater glow; All is quiet
Make sure everything is hooked up, and that the game boardset is operating correctly. If all that
checks out, you have most likely have problems in the deflection circuitry.
Symptom: No picture, but you can hear deflection chatter
If the heater is glowing, that means you have HV, and you should be able to get a picture. Adjust
the screen brightness to see if any lines are being drawn on the screen. Adjust the intensity and gain
knobs on the neckboard accordingly. If at this point you have a dot in the middle, or a line across
the screen, you have a problem in your deflection circuitry.
If the heater is not glowing, most likely you have no HV. Check for the presence of HV by
inserting an HV probe under the anode cup. You should read about 19.5 KV. If there is HV,
something is wrong with the heater connection or the tube itself (possibly a bad tube).
If there is no HV, check the voltages on the 10-pin connector on the HV unit. Be careful not to
short the pins together! The voltages are listed below:
Pin
Pin 1
Pin 2
Pin 3
Pin 4
Pin 5
Pin 6
Pin 7
Pin 8
Pin 9
Pin 10
Description
Approx +2.8VDC
Approx +3.5VDC
-9.1VDC
+9.1VDC
GND
GND (heater)
+6.3VAC (heater)
+126VDC
NC
Approx 400 VDC
Wiggle, press or flex the 10-pin connector on the HV unit. Intermittent connections can cause the
HV to drop out. If this restores HV, reflow and resolder the HV header pins until the intermittent
connection is repaired. You may want to try replacing the connector pins as well.
If the voltages on the 10-pin connector look good, and there is still no HV, there is something
wrong with your HV unit. At this point, it probably wouldn’t hurt to try adjusting pots R933 and
R918 on the HV unit. The HV unit may be shutting down because of the input signal sensitivity
settings.
Page 21 of 41
G08 Vector Monitor Guide
Symptom: Fuse 600/700 blows
Fuse 700: Check transistors Q703; Q704; Q705; Q706.
Fuse 600: Check transistors Q603; Q604; Q605; Q606.
These fuses almost NEVER blow. The schematics state that these are 3 amp fuses. The silkscreen
on the boards say 4 amp 125V SB (Buss. fuse MDL).
Symptom: Picture has retrace lines between points, and a bright dot is in the center of the
picture
If the dot is one particular color, adjust the color pots on the neck board. These control the drive of
the color guns. If there is still a dot, try turning down the brightness control on the deflection board.
Sometimes the solder joints for this pot, and the nearby resistor, break and can cause the brightness
to shoot up too high. If the dot is still present, try adjusting R933 on the HV unit.
Symptom: The neon bulbs on the neck board are glowing
These are not supposed to light. These are spark gap bulbs, meaning that if they light, your guns are
sparking internally. Most likely there is a problem with the tube.
When debugging the monitor, you may need to swap the deflection board in and out quite often,
and it gets to be a pain to hook up the focus each time. If you want, you can actually leave this lead
disconnected while debugging. Tie a piece of electrically tape around the end so it does not
accidentally touch anything. When you finally get a picture, remember that the picture will be
extremely out of focus. You will, however, be able to tell that there is a picture. Also, double check
that all the connectors are connected each time you swap out the deflection board.
Symptom: Picture, But Only Partial Deflection, or Just A Vertical or Horizontal Line
Part of your deflection is failing. Check the appropriate section of the deflection board, which deals
with that range of deflection. The components in the 700’s are for the “X” deflection, and the 600’s
are the “Y” directions.
Y-AMP
(Vertical;
6XX parts)
X-AMP
(Horizontal;
7XX parts)
Input Voltage
Positive
Negative
Related Voltage
+63VDC
-63VDC
Beam Movement
Up
Down
Positive
Negative
+63VDC
-63VDC
Right
Left
Usually caused by bad deflection transistors, bad connections/cracked solder joints. A single
vertical or horizontal line can also be caused by failure to receive the input, so make sure the input
clamp board is making good connection.
Page 22 of 41
G08 Vector Monitor Guide
If there is a problem with the deflection circuitry, and you’re getting things like burning resistors
and transistors are being destroyed, this can be annoying and expensive to repair. If you have a
deflection board doing this, do NOT hook up the deflection coil any more until you verify the
voltages being fed into the coil. To do such, instead of the coil, take a multimeter and measure the
voltage across the X coil or Y coil (whichever you are having trouble with). When powered,
normal readings will fall within +/- 20V (this voltage is an approximation; normally the deflection
coil is getting voltages ranging from +63 to –63 volts at very high speeds; typical multimeters
aren’t that fast so it reports an approximation, which in theory should be around 0). If you are
getting a constant +63V or –63V or 0, that says either there is a problem with devices on the +63V
rail, -63V rail, or voltages aren’t even reaching this part of the circuit.
Symptom: Occasional Extraneous Vectors On Right Side Of Screen
Assuming you are using your G08 monitor with the Sega G-80 vector game boards, you will need
to add the following two capacitors to the X-Y Timing board on the G-80 game boardset. Install
two 100pF, 50V ceramic capacitors in locations C32 and C33. Install C32 between pin 2 and pin 6
of U2. Install C33 between pin 2 and pin 6 of U3.
Symptom: Blowing Main Fuses
If a monitor is blowing main fuses, check the deflection amp power transistors Q605, Q606, Q705
and Q706, WITH THE POWER OFF. Shorted transistors or diodes in the deflection amplifiers will
also blow main line AC fuses.\
Symptom: One Or More Colors Is Missing
Check the transistors and diodes on the Input Clamp board for shorts or opens when one or more
colors is missing from the display, and the G-80 boards are known to be good. Check the
connections from the Input Clamp board to the deflection board.
Symptom: Picture Flickers In and Out
This is a difficult problem to solve, as this symptom can be caused my many things:
 Fluctuating voltages from power supply to the game boardset
 Bad connections of XY pair with card cage in G-80 game boardset
 Bad connections of ribbon cables between XY pair in G-80 game boardset
 Bad connections to HV unit from the deflection board
 Bad connections at the Input Clamp board (cracked solder joints)
 Bad connections at the deflection board (cracked solder joints)
I would start by reseating connections in this order: connections to the power supply, to the game
boardset, the XY pair, and the ribbon cable between them. Also, re-solder the pins on the Input
Clamp board and deflection PCB. If that does not fix it, you will need a scope to see where the
signal is getting dropped.
Page 23 of 41
G08 Vector Monitor Guide
Symptom: Oddly shaped picture (keystoning, pincushion, scrunched areas of the screen)
It is difficult to determine if it is the custom chip that is causing this problem. Here is a listing of
the pins of the custom chip on the deflection board:
Pin 1
Pin 2
Pin 3
Pin 4
Pin 5
Pin 6
Pin 7
Pin 8
Pin 9
Pin 10
Pin 11
Pin 12
Pin 13
Pin 14
Pin 15
Pin 16
Pin 17
Pin 18
wiper of height pot. Other inputs to pot are Y analog signal and Y yoke output
Output that drives X deflection circuit
wiper of horizontal center. Other inputs to pot are -9.1VDC and +9.1VDC
GND
Connected to width pot. Wiper is connected to X yoke output, and other input is NC
+9.1VDC
hooked to pin 10 via 12pf capacitor. According to manual, output should be 7.5VDC
NC
hooked to GND via 1K resistor
Y analog input
Y analog input
-9.1VDC
connected to pin 14 via 22k resistor
X analog input
connected to pin 14 via 22k resistor (same as pin 13)
Y input; hooked to pin 10 via 22pf capacitor and 30k resistor in parallel
wiper for vertical center; Other inputs to pot are -9.1VDC and +9.1VDC
output that drives Y circuit
If you are getting bad readings at the yoke output, check pins 2 and 18; they should also be varying
in values. If one or the other is stuck, check to see that the X and Y inputs to the monitor are
reaching the chip (pins 14 and 10). If the X and Y analog inputs look good but the outputs of the
chip still look bad, most likely this chip is bad, and the only solution to date is finding another good
one.
If a new chip doesn't fix it, it's possible a resistor might be out of compliance somewhere; use an
ohmmeter to verify the resistors.
Page 24 of 41
G08 Vector Monitor Guide
Voltages
The following G08-003 voltages are measured during running of the monitor (taken from the
Zektor manual):
All Readings are DC Level Voltages
B=BASE E=EMITTER C=COLLECTOR AN=ANODE CA=CATHODE
D401
CA 63.0 D403
ZD400
59.0 ZD401
Q400
B 59.0
E 58.8
C 63.5
Q600
C
34.5 Q700
Q602
C
-0.5 Q603
Q605
C
B
E
63.9
0.1
0.1
Q702
C
-0.8 Q703
Q705
C
B
E
63.9
0.1
0.1
Q901
E
B
C
IC 600
Pin 1
Pin 2
Pin 3
Pin 4
Pin 5
Pin 6
Pin 7
Pin 8
Pin 9
CA 63.0 D400
8.0 Q902
7.5
0.3
0.0
4.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
9.1
7.5
0.0
0.0
Pin 10
Pin 11
Pin 12
Pin 13
Pin 14
Pin 15
Pin 16
Pin 17
Pin 18
9.0
AN -63.0
ZD402
B
E
C
C
35.9 Q601
C
C
63.5 Q604
C
-63.9
Q606
C
B
E
-63.9
-0.1
-0.1
63.5 Q704
C
-63.5
Q706
C
B
E
-63.9
-0.1
-0.1
0.0 Q903
0.3
0.5
E
B
C
0.0
0.5
3.0
E
B
C
0.0
0.0
-9.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
4.2
IC 900
Pin 1
Pin 2
Pin 3
Pin 4
Pin 5
Pin 6
Pin 7
Pin 8
Pin 9
AN -63.0
-9.1
Q401
C
D402
9.7
9.1
17.0
0.8 Q701
0.4
0.0
0.1
-9.1
9.0
0.7
1.7
7.5
0.1
Pin 10
Pin 11
Pin 12
Pin 13
Pin 14
Pin 15
Pin 16
Pin 17
Pin 18
C
0.5
1.7
8.7
8.7
2.3
9.0
0.5
0.1
8.7
0.0
Page 25 of 41
G08 Vector Monitor Guide
INSTALLING A CAP KIT
Zanen Electronics
5023 52nd Street
Lubbock TX 79414
806-793-6337
Fax: 806-793-9136
Zanen Kit #110
Bob Roberts also sells cap kits. Bob provides a
kit for the G08 Vector Monitor.
http://www.therealbobroberts.com
Key:






Q = Transistor
R = Resistor
C = Capacitor (all polarized electrolytic)
F = Fuse
D = Diode
ZD = Zener Diode
Note that the capacitors come in two "types":
_____
--|
|-~~~~~
axial-lead
_____
|
|
radial-lead |
|
+---+
| |
Note, if you cannot find an exact replacement for one of the capacitors, you may keep this in mind.
A capacitor with a difference that is less than 5% of the original value should work just fine. Back
in the days of the G08, electrolytic capacitors had tolerances that were typically over 20%. So a
modern capacitor will probably be a lot closer to the ideal value than the original cap that was in
the chassis when it was new.
Page 26 of 41
G08 Vector Monitor Guide
CAP KIT SUMMARY:
There are some known problems with Zanen and Bob Roberts cap kits. Below is a recommended
list of parts. Almost all of the suggested replacement capacitors are upgraded in terms of voltage
rating and should make your G08 monitor last longer and run cooler. If you would like to make a
cap kit of your own, here are the suggested parts that you will need:
PCB
Location
Deflection
Deflection
Deflection
Deflection
Deflection
Deflection
Input
Input
Input
Input
HV
HV
HV
HV
HV
HV
C401
C405
C406
C411
C601
C701
C800
C801
C802
C803
C900
C901
C904
C905
C911
C916
G08-003 Cap Kit Parts List
Part Description
Upgrade
1000uf 160V Radial Capacitor
10uf 50V Radial Capacitor
10uf 50V Radial Capacitor
22uf 350V Radial Capacitor
47uf 35V Radial Capacitor
47uf 35V Radial Capacitor
10uf 50V Radial Capacitor
10uf 50V Radial Capacitor
10uf 50V Radial Capacitor
10uf 50V Radial Capacitor
4.7uf 35V Radial Capacitor
4.7uf 35V Radial Capacitor
22uf 35V Radial Capacitor
22uf 35V Radial Capacitor
100uf 35V Radial Capacitor
47uf 200V Radial Capacitor
Notes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Original was 80V
Original was 25V
Original was 25V
Original was 250V
Original was 16V
Original was 16V
Original was 16V
Original was 16V
Original was 16V
Original was 16V
Original was 16V
Original was 16V
Original was 16V
Original was 16V
Yes
Original was 160V
Note: some of the capacitor locations will differ slightly from the descriptions above, depending on
the deflection board revision you have. Generally speaking, you will be replacing all electrolytic
capacitors on the deflection and HV boards. If the list above states C405, it could be C407 on your
board. Make notes on what capacitors you remove, and replace those locations.
Capacitors C601 and C701 on the deflection board appear only on the schematics and are not listed
on the parts list of any manual. C601 and C701 are connected to pins 12 and 6 of IC600
respectively.
Page 27 of 41
G08 Vector Monitor Guide
CHASSIS TRANSISTORS
All the monitor chassis transistors are mounted in a socket with two machine screws. No soldering
is necessary; just unscrew the old one and replace. You cannot put these chassis transistors in
backwards; the leads are offset so they will only fit into the chassis and screw down in one
direction. If you put the transistors in backwards, the screw holes will not line up.
Make sure you install a new clear plastic Mica insulator between the transistor and the metal
monitor chassis. New ones are not included in the Zanen kit! If you have some white heat sink
grease, put a light coating on both sides of the Mica insulator.
NOTE: The transistors shipped with the Zanen and Bob Roberts kits are 2N3716s. These
transistors are not sufficient to work with the G08 monitor. Replace them with 2N6259s (if you can
find them) or MJ15024s. Keep the 2N3716s for your other vector monitors!
Location
Q605
Q606
Q705
Q706
Deflection Transistors
Part Number
Notes
2N6259
Substitute is MJ15024
2N6259
Substitute is MJ15024
2N6259
Substitute is MJ15024
2N6259
Substitute is MJ15024
Important: after replacing the above transistors, before plugging them back into the deflection
board, use your DMM set to Ohms and check the continuity between the metal monitor chassis and
the metal case of the above transistors. There should be NO continuity. Unscrew the transistor and
check the mica insulator or pins to make sure they are not touching the heatsink. If there is
continuity, you will usually burn out R636, R637; R736, R737, and others in the pre-amplification
stage. You will probably also take out the deflection transistor involved as well.
You will most likely find bad solder joints at many of the connector pins, which should always be
reflowed.
If you have a G08-001, the MJ15003 transistors should be hooked up to pins 1-4 on the P600
connector (Y amp) and pins 5-7 on the P700 connector (X amp). MJ15004 transistors should be
hooked up to pins 5-7 on the P600 connector (Y amp) and pins 1-4 on the P700 connector (X amp).
Check your G08-001 schematics for reference.
Page 28 of 41
G08 Vector Monitor Guide
G08-003 DEFLECTION BOARD
Not all of these parts are necessary for a monitor rebuild, but are good to have on hand. For
capacitors, see “Cap Kit Summary” section above.
Location
F400
F401
F600
F700
ZD400
ZD401
ZD402
Q602; Q603
Q702; Q703
Q601; Q604
Q701; Q704
D400; D401
D402; D403
D404; D405
R636; R637
R736; R737
NON-Zanen Deflection PCB Parts
Upgrade Notes
Part Description
5 amp 125V Slo-Blo Fuse
Replacing these is a good idea
5 amp 125V Slo-Blo Fuse
Replacing these is a good idea
4 amp 125V Slo-Blo Fuse
Schematics shows 3 amp
4 amp 125V Slo-Blo Fuse
Schematics shows 3 amp
1N5263B 9.1V, 1/2W 5% Zener Diode
1N5239B 9.1V, 1/2W 5% Zener Diode
1N4739 9.1V, 1W 5% Zener Diode
Yes
Replace with a Motorola part
MPSU10
Cross is 2N6558 or NTE191
MPSU10
Cross is 2N6558 or NTE191
MPSU60
Cross is NTE240
MPSU60
Cross is NTE240
MR502 200V, 1A or 1N5402
G08-801 is a MR752 (200V, 6amp)
MR502 200V, 1A or 1N5402
G08-801 is a MR752 (200V, 6amp)
1N4003 ER, 1A 200V or 1N5059
G08-801 is a 1N4001 (200V, 1amp)
100-Ohm ¼ W Resistor
G08-801 shows 1K resistors
100-Ohm ¼ W Resistor
G08-801 shows 1K resistors
G08-003 CURRENT LIMITING BOARD
These are these two boards mounted on the deflection board.
Location
F600
F700
ZD400
ZD401
ZD402
Q201; Q251
Q202; Q252
NON-Zanen Current Limiting PCB Parts
Upgrade Notes
Part Description
4 amp 125V Slo-Blo Fuse
Schematics shows 3 amp
4 amp 125V Slo-Blo Fuse
Schematics shows 3 amp
1N5263B 9.1V, 1/2W 5% Zener Diode
1N5239B 9.1V, 1/2W 5% Zener Diode
1N4739 9.1V, 1W 5% Zener Diode
Yes
Replace with a Motorola part
2N3904
Current Limiting Board
2N3906
Current Limiting Board
Page 29 of 41
G08 Vector Monitor Guide
G08-003 HIGH VOLTAGE UNIT
Not all of these parts are necessary for a monitor rebuild, but are good to have on hand. For
capacitors, see “Cap Kit Summary” section above.
Location
ZD903
ZD904
Q900
Q901
Q902
Q903
L900
D901
NON-Zanen HV PCB Parts
Part Description
Upgrade
Notes
1N751 Zener Diode
1N751 Zener Diode
Power transistor, 5A 1400V
Hitachi 14-601-36
2N3906
MPSU07
2N3904
Found on back of PCB
12 uH Horiz. Delay Choke
8 uH on G08-001
Rectifier, 1A 1400V
GI1-1400 (NTE506 cross)
G08-003 NECK BOARD
No recommendations for replacement parts; this board is fairly stable.
G08-003 INPUT CLAMP BOARD
See CAP KIT SUMMARY section.
Page 30 of 41
G08 Vector Monitor Guide
MAKING THE MONITOR MORE RELIABLE
Ok, so now you have a working G08 monitor (hopefully). Here are just a few things you can do to
the monitor to prolong its life just a bit longer.
Input Clamp Board Modification
Replace the tape on the back of the input protection board with a strip of electrical tape or other
non-conductive material to prevent it from shorting to the metal bar it is typically mounted on.
Deflection Board Modification
For capacitors, see “Installing A Cap Kit” section of this document.
Deflection Transistors Modification
The following modification is extreme, but if your monitor is eating a lot of deflection transistors,
use this hack as a last resort.
From Zonn Moore:
The biggest problem with the Sega G08 is the underrated Deflection Transistors (the second
biggest is all the proprietary Ics). To fix the transistor problem you can do just what Rick suggests.
Parallel two power transistors for each one currently being fan cooled.
The thing to do is to get two of each transistor, connect the bases and collectors together. Then
connect a resistor from each emitter to the place the old emitter used to go…
+-------------------+--------------> to old collector connection
|
to old base
|
|
connection
|
|
^
|
| C
|
C |
+->|
|
|<-+
|
|
|
|B-----+-----B|
|
|
+->|
|<-+
| E
E |
\
\
/
/
\ 0.39 ohm 1W
\ 0.39 ohm 1W
/
/
|
|
+-------------------+-------------> to old emitter connection
(Pretty bad drawing huh?)
Page 31 of 41
G08 Vector Monitor Guide
The 0.39-ohm resistor allows the transistors to be hooked in parallel without one transistor going
into thermal runaway and trying to drive the whole load itself. (A good place to find out more
about hooking transistors in parallel is a Voltage Regulator handbook of some kind)
Heat Sink Modification
From anonymous:
“The deflection transistors mounted on the heat sink can be more efficiently cooled (and therefore
will last longer) if you place them on the inside of the heatsink instead of on the outside. To do this:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
Remove the heat sink assembly from the monitor chassis by removing the screws on the
side of the chassis and disconnecting the fan and deflection transistor harnesses from the
deflection board.
Remove two upper or lower screws from the fan so that the heat sink assembly can be
split in two.
Unscrew the deflection transistors from the heat sinks.
Place the transistor sockets on the outside of the heatsink, and then mount the transistors
on the inside of the heat sink. Make sure to reinstall the mica insulators with a thin layer
of silicon grease on both sides of the mica insulator.
Reassemble and remount the heatsink. Before hooking up the harness to the transistors
again, do a transistor test through the connectors (as mentioned previously in this
document) to make sure that they are mounted correctly, and that there are no shorts.
Reconnect the fan and deflection transistor harnesses to the deflection board and retest
the monitor.
The deflection transistors should now run much cooler.”
In addition, having the cabinet fans running should also increase airflow throughout the cabinet.
HV Unit Modification
For capacitors, see “Installing a Cap Kit” section of this document.
Neck Board Modification
None available as of this version of the document.
Transformer Modification
The transformer (part #560-0055) that drives the monitor is typically strapped for a 110VAC input,
with inputs going to taps 1 and 3. Moving the inputs to taps 2 and 4 will reduce the voltage overall,
which is better for the monitor.
Page 32 of 41
G08 Vector Monitor Guide
TUBE REPLACEMENT
If you are unfortunate enough to come across a G08 with a bad tube, you will need to find a
replacement, as these are no longer for sale. As mentioned before, the tube is the same as the one
used in the Wells-Gardner 6100 series color XY monitors (19VLUP22, 100 degree standard
resolution tube).
From Mark Jenison:
“I tried doing a tube swap with a 19VJTP22 tube from a Wells-Gardner 4600. I did not have any
luck. I could not adjust out the green band down the middle of the picture. Apparently this is due to
the fact that the deflection coil could not be positioned far enough down the neck tube (because the
degree of the neck tubes are different). The deflection coil is not angled to work well with a 90degree tube.”
Page 33 of 41
G08 Vector Monitor Guide
USING A G08-003 WITH COSMIC CHASM
Cosmic Chasm uses the G08-105 monitor, which takes slightly different inputs and is basically a
better version monitor than the G08-003. It is a rare monitor to find, however. If you have a
Cosmic Chasm game or boardset and it is missing this monitor, there is hope.
The G08-003 can be substituted in place of the G08-105 (as can the WG6400 monitor, but that is
an equally difficult monitor to find). To use the G08-003 with Cosmic Chasm, read the following
from David Fish:
“As per the request of several V-List members here is the instructions for reworking a
Cinematronics Cosmic Chasm boardset to work with a standard G08-003 monitor. While the
procedure will correct the color intensity problems it does nothing to help the [relatively] crappy
slew rate of the G08-003, you’re on your own there.
This modification is used to adjust the color signal (R, G & B) levels of a Cosmic Chasm board so
that they are compatible with a standard Electrohome G08-003. When a Cosmic Chasm boardset is
run using a G08-003 there will be visible 'black level' or 'return-to-origin' lines on the screen. The
origin points will also be visible and will burn several small holes in the phosphor relatively
quickly. The problem occurs because the Cosmic Chasm RGB outputs are designed to be
compatible with a Wells-Gardner 19K6401 or Electrohome G08-105 which are 1V (BLACK level)
to 3.6V-4.0V (full ON). The color levels of the more common Wells-Gardner 19K6101 are similar.
Why Electrohome chose 0-4V is anyone's guess.
To correct this, the gain and offset of the RGB signals must be modified. The mod is fairly simple
and reversible in case you ever get your hands on the correct monitor. It requires six resistors, three
potentiometers and some soldering skill.
Components required:
 QTY 3 15.4K 1% metal film resistor
 QTY 3 90.1K 1% metal film resistor
 QTY 3 25K potentiometer, Bourns P/N 3266W-1-253 (Digi-Key P/N 3266W-253-ND)
Modification Instructions:
1) Carefully remove the three 9.1K resistors R1, R9 and R17 from the Cosmic Chasm Game
Processor PCB. I suggest the following method: cut one leg of the resistor right at the body
and bend both the resistor and the cut lead vertical. Heat the solder fillet on the trace side
and pull the resistor/lead out the component side. Use a solder sucker to remove the leftover
solder.
2) Install the 15.4K resistors in the R1, R9 and R17 locations.
3) Using a non-permanent adhesive (rubber cement or similar) attach a 25K potentiometer to
the top of IC U29, U14 and U15. Orient the pots so that the pot's #1 lead is right above and
close as possible to the IC's pin #7 (+15V) and the adjustment screw is on the side with pins
1 thru 4. Let the glue set.
4) For each pot bend the #1 lead down and solder to the IC's pin #7.
Page 34 of 41
G08 Vector Monitor Guide
5) Using a short piece of wire-wrap wire connect the each pot's #3 lead to the IC's #4 pin (15V).
6) Connect a 90.1K resistor between pin #2 of the IC and #2 lead of the pot for each.
Power up the boardset. Connect a scope to the RED color output on connector P2 pin 6. Note: all
ODD numbered pins are GND. Adjust the pot attached to U29 so that the signal level swings
between 0 volts and 4 volts. Repeat the adjustment for GREEN (U14) and BLUE (U15).
* Modification complete *
CAVEAT! - I have done this modification to two boardsets so far and got the expected results.
However, since electronics is three parts Black Magic, two parts blood sacrifice and one part skill, I
cannot take responsibility for what occurs to your board should you make this modification. All I
can say is 'It worked for me’.”
Page 35 of 41
G08 Vector Monitor Guide
Appendix A: Common Ground Connections
From: John Robertson <jrr@flippers.com>
Newsgroups: rec.games.video.arcade.collecting
Subject: TechTIP: How to make VECTOR MONITORS very RELIABLE!
Date: 22 Oct 2001
It’s been a little while since my last Tech Tip, but this is something that’s been on my mind for a
while now, and a posting in the Vector mail-list got the following response from me...:
Vector monitors blow up because the ground reference for the monitor drifts relative to the logic
boards (MPU and video) when the power supply connections overheat. This will then bias the input
signals offset enough to overdrive the outputs. Hence my argument for chucking the original power
supply and putting in a switching supply. I started doing that about ten years ago and have not lost
a single Electrohome/Sega monitor since. I assume this also kills Tempest/Star Wars/Major
Havoc/... monitors etc. Those pesky grounds get a few ohms resistance and all sorts of nasty things
happen.
I first discovered this on Gottlieb pinballs over ten years ago-the ground for the regulator would
overheat the pin/wiper contact which would become a small resistor and thus the ground of the
MPU would drift up relative to the cabinet ground, which also happened to be the ground path for
the driver transistors. When the MPU ground would change to about 0.5 to 0.7VDC above cabinet
ground the base of the transistors would then start to conduct as the MPU would be trying to turn
off the transistors, but the Emitters are tied to the cabinet ground. Hence the transistors would start
to conduct... You will recall that transistors generate far more heat when they are used at the
beginning of their working range rather when they are switched completely on and off as in regular
vector monitors (or solenoid drivers, etc.). So in a little while, it croaks. No obvious cause...replace
the transistors and everything works. For now...
So get VERY GOOD GROUND (COMMON) CONNECTIONS BETWEEN THE MONITOR,
MPU AND POWER SUPPLY for reliability!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Solder fat conductors with nasty
heavy gauge connectors between each component in the system. Put in healthy SWITCHING
SUPPLIES!
Happy vectors will result.
John :-#)#
Page 36 of 41
G08 Vector Monitor Guide
Appendix B: Testing Transistors
Most of the failures in the Electrohome G08 monitor (as is the case with most electronic devices)
are semiconductor failures, specifically, the transistors. All transistors discussed in this document
can be tested in the same way; it does not matter if they are the large chassis-mounted transistors or
the tiny PCB-mounted transistors. With the transistors out of circuit, set your multi-meter on Rx1K
scale and use the following procedures.
NOTE: ANALOG AND DIGITAL MULTI-METERS REQUIRE DIFFERENT TESTING
PROCEDURES FOR TRANSISTORS! Digital meters always show infinite resistance for all 6
combinations (if you accidentally get your skin involved it will show something around 2M Ohms).
The best way to test transistors with a DMM is to make use of the "diode test" function, which will
be described after the analog test. For both methods, if you read a short circuit (0 Ohms or voltage
drop of 0) or the transistor fails any of the readings, it is bad and must be replaced.
Why do Digital Voltmeters read open circuits on diodes and transistors?
Because of the ability to use amplifiers, DVM can use much smaller voltages to check resistance.
For the most part this is a good thing. It allows you to check resistors in circuit, without turning on
things, like transistors.
Diode junctions (which there are two of in a transistor) do not “turn on” until they reach
somewhere around 0.4 ~ 0.7 volts, depending upon what they are made of, and a lot of other stuff.
In a way, diode junctions are similar to neon light bulbs, they act like open circuits until the right
voltage is reached, and then they act like shorts, until the voltage drops below the critical threshold.
Without proper current limiting, the diode junctions explode. The thing about diodes is that they
only do this in one direction, if you switch the test leads, they do not conduct at all. (Well, until the
voltage gets much higher, and then it is a bad thing. ;^)
Sometimes you want to be able to “turn on” the diode junctions (to test them), so DVMs have a
“Diode” test mode. This places enough voltage on the test leads to turn on the diode junction. The
number you read on most meters is the actual turn on voltage threshold across the diode.
TESTING TRANSISTORS WITH AN ANALOG OHMMETER
For type NPN transistors, lead "A" is black and lead "B" is red; for type PNP transistors, lead "A"
is red and lead "B" is black (NOTE: this is the standard polarity for resistance but many multimeters have the colors reversed; if the readings do not jive this way, switch the leads and try it
again). Start with lead "A" of your multi-meter on the base and lead "B" on the emitter. You should
get a reading of 2.5K Ohms. Now move lead "B" to the collector. You should get the same reading.
Now try the other 4 combinations and you should get a reading of infinite Ohms (open circuit). If
any of these resistances is wrong, replace the transistor. Only 2 of the 6 possible combinations
should show a resistance and that value should be 2.5K Ohms; none of the resistances should be 0
Ohms (shorted).
Page 37 of 41
G08 Vector Monitor Guide
TESTING TRANSISTORS WITH A DIGITAL MULTI-METER
Set your meter to the diode test. Connect the red meter lead to the base of the transistor. Connect
the black meter lead to the emitter. A good NPN transistor will read a JUNCTION DROP voltage
of between 0.45v and 0.9v. A good PNP transistor will read OPEN. Leave the red meter lead on the
base and move the black lead to the collector. The reading should be the same as the previous test.
Reverse the meter leads in your hands and repeat the test. This time, connect the black meter lead
to the base of the transistor. Connect the red meter lead to the emitter. A good PNP transistor will
read a JUNCTION DROP voltage of between 0.45v and 0.9v. A good NPN transistor will read
OPEN. Leave the black meter lead on the base and move the red lead to the collector. The reading
should be the same as the previous test. Place one meter lead on the collector, the other on the
emitter. The meter should read OPEN. Reverse your meter leads. The meter should read OPEN.
This is the same for both NPN and PNP transistors.
Thanks to Randy Fromm <randy@randyfromm.com> for this excellent summary of the diode test
method.
Page 38 of 41
G08 Vector Monitor Guide
Appendix C: Parts Lists
The Input Clamp Board is only discussed in the Preliminary G08-003/004 Service Manual.
Included below is the parts list. Not all of these parts are necessary for a monitor rebuild, but are
good to have on hand.
Location
D800
D801
D802
D803
D804
D805
D806
D808
Q800
Q801
Q802
Q803
R800
R801
R802
R803
R804
R805
R806
R807
R809
C800
C801
C802
C803
Input Clamp Assembly Parts List
Part Description
Upgrade Notes
1N914
1N914
1N914
1N914
1N914
1N914
1N914
1N914
2N3904
2N3906
2N3904
2N3906
10K ¼W Resistor
4.7K ¼W Resistor
4.7K ¼W Resistor
10K ¼W Resistor
10K ¼W Resistor
4.7K ¼W Resistor
4.7K ¼W Resistor
10K ¼W Resistor
1K ¼W Resistor
10 uF 16V Radial Capacitor
10 uF 16V Radial Capacitor
10 uF 16V Radial Capacitor
10 uF 16V Radial Capacitor
Page 39 of 41
G08 Vector Monitor Guide
The Current Limiter boards are attached to the deflection board and are only discussed in the
Preliminary G08-003/004 Service Manual. Included below is the parts list. Not all of these parts are
necessary for a monitor rebuild, but are good to have on hand.
Horizontal Current Limiter
Location Description
D200 1N914
D201 1N914
D202 1N4935
D203 1N4935
Q201 2N3904
Q202 2N3906
R200 100-Ohm 0.25W Resistor
R201 100-Ohm 0.25W Resistor
R202 0.15-Ohm 2W Resistor
R203 0.15-Ohm 2W Resistor
C201 0.1mF 200V capacitor
Vertical Current Limiter
Location Description
D250 1N914
D251 1N914
D252 1N4935
D253 1N4935
Q251 2N3904
Q252 2N3906
R250 100-Ohm 0.25W Resistor
R251 100-Ohm 0.25W Resistor
R252 0.15-Ohm 2W Resistor
R253 0.15-Ohm 2W Resistor
C251 0.1mF 200V capacitor
Page 40 of 41
G08 Vector Monitor Guide
REFERENCES
1. Star Trek Manual
This manual contains the most up-to-date information on the Electrohome G08-003 model monitor.
2. Sega-to-Atari color XY circuit
If you have given up on the G08, this is an alternative solution.
3. Sega/Gremlin Color X-Y manual – www.arcademonitors.com
Contains schematics for G08-001, future G08-003
4. Preliminary Service Data G08-003/004 X-Y Color monitor – http://www.ionpool.net/
5. Most recent copy of this FAQ can be found at http://www.darkstararcade.com/mars
DOCUMENT HISTORY
Version 0.1: Looking for contributors
Version 0.2: David Shuman's additions
Version 0.3: Michael Kelley's additions
Version 0.4: Updated cocktail and Cosmic Chasm Information
Version 0.5: Additional tips added
Version 0.6: Added more info about neck tube swap
Version 0.7: Major revision. Added more info about G08-105
Version 0.8: Major revision. Reformatting and additional info on cap kit, parts, power supply
Version 0.9: Minor Fixes
Version 1.0: Fixed deflection transistor harness table; added additional debugging comments.
Version 1.1: Updating debugging procedure, recommend MJ15024 instead of MJ15003
Version 1.2: Fixed MPSU10 cross reference
Version 1.3: Minor references update
Version 1.4: Major revision; removed first person language, modified tips, removed old references
END
Page 41 of 41
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