Minolta 2891-301, Dimage scan dual User manual

Minolta 2891-301, Dimage scan dual User manual
E INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Tone-curve corrections
By selecting individual color channels on the tone curve, adjustments to the overall
color of an image can be made. In this example, the image is too yellow. By moving
the blue curve up, the image looks more neutral. For more on tone curve corrections,
see page 60.
Selective-color palette
In the original image, the colors
were muted making the whole
scene flat. By subtracting cyan
from the red channel, the bridge
and faint details in the clouds could
be accentuated. The cloud detail
was
further
enhanced
by
subtracting yellow from the blue
channel. For more on the selectivecolor palette, see page 71.
Before
After
2
COLOR
EXAMPLES
BEFORE YOU BEGIN
Thank you for purchasing this Konica Minolta product. Please take the time to read
through this instruction manual so you can enjoy all the features of your new scanner.
Check the packing list before using this product. If any items are missing, immediately
contact your dealer.
DiMAGE Scan Dual IV scanner
Slide Mount Holder SH-U1
35mm Film Holder FH-U2
USB Cable UC-2
AC Adapter
DiMAGE Scan Utility CD-ROM
Adobe Photoshop Elements 2.0 CD-ROM
DiMAGE Scan DUAL IV instruction manual
Warranty card
The AC adapter unit varies with region. AC-U25 is for use in North America, Taiwan,
and Japan. AC-U22 is for use in continental Europe, Oceania, and Asia (except China
and Hong Kong). AC-U23 is for use in the United Kingdom and Hong Kong. AC-U24
is for China.
If the operating system’s display controls are set to a large font size, the text in the
DiMAGE Scan applications will not be displayed correctly. Use the computer’s initial
display text size.
This instruction manual does not provide instruction in the basic operation of the
personal computers, nor the basic operation of Windows or Macintosh operating
systems; refer to the manuals supplied with the computer.
The examples in this manual use Windows software. The appearance of the screens
may differ from the examples when using Macintosh or other Windows operating
systems.
Every precaution has been taken to ensure the accuracy of this material.
Specifications in this manual are based on the latest information available at the time
of printing and are subject to change without notice. Konica Minolta is not responsible
for any loss or damage caused by the use of this software. This instruction manual
may not be copied either in part or in its entirety without the prior permission of Konica
Minolta.
3
FOR PROPER AND SAFE USE
Read and understand all warnings and cautions before using this product.
WARNING
• Use only within the voltage range specified on the unit. Inappropriate current may
cause damage or injury through fire or electric shock.
• Use only the specified AC adapter (Ya Hsin Industrial 019-240840) within the voltage
range indicated on the adapter unit. An inappropriate adapter or current may cause
damage or injury through fire or electric shock.
• Do not disassemble this product. Electric shock may cause injury if a high-voltage
circuit inside the product is touched. Take the product to a Minolta Service Facility
when repairs are required.
• Immediately unplug the unit and discontinue use if the product is dropped or
subjected to an impact in which the interior is exposed. The continued use of a
damaged product may cause injuries or fire.
• Store this product out of reach of children. Be careful when around children not to
harm them with the product or parts.
• Do not operate this product or handle the power cord with wet hands. Do not place a
container with liquid near the product. If liquid comes in contact with the product,
immediately unplug the unit. The continued use of a product exposed to a liquid may
cause damage or injury through fire or electric shock.
• Do not insert hands, inflammable objects, or metal objects such as paper clips or
staples into this product. It may cause damage or injury through fire or electric shock.
Discontinue use if an object enters the product.
• Do not use the product near inflammable gases or liquids such as gasoline, benzine,
or paint thinner. Do not use inflammable products such as alcohol, benzine, or paint
thinner to clean the product. The use of inflammable cleaners and solvents may
cause an explosion or fire.
• When unplugging the unit, do not pull on the power cord. Hold the adapter unit when
removing it from an outlet.
• Do not damage, twist, modify, heat, or place heavy objects on the power cord. A
damaged cord may cause damage or injury through fire or electric shock.
• If the product emits a strange odor, heat, or smoke, discontinue use. Immediately
unplug the product. The continued use of a damaged product or part may cause
injuries or fire.
• Take the product to a Konica Minolta service facility when repairs are required.
CAUTION
• Damage or injury through fire or electric shock may result if the product is used or
stored in the following conditions:
In humid or dusty environments
In direct sunlight or hot environments
In smoky or oily areas
In unventilated areas
On unstable or unlevel surfaces
4
FOR
PROPER AND SAFE USE
• This product should only be operated in the upright position. Inappropriate placement
may result in fire.
• Insert the plug securely into the electrical outlet.
• Do not use if the cord is damaged.
• Do not connect the ground to a gas pipe, telephone ground, or water pipe. Improper
grounding can result in injury from electric shock.
• Do not cover the AC adapter. A fire may result.
• Do not obstruct access to the AC adapter; this can hinder the unplugging of the unit
in emergencies.
• Unplug the product when cleaning or when the unit is not in use for long periods.
• Periodically check that the power cord is not damaged and the plug is clean. Dust
and dirt that may collect between the prongs of the plugs may result in fire.
As an ENERGY STAR® Partner, Konica Minolta has determined that this product
meets the ENERGY STAR® guidelines for energy efficiency.
This mark certifies that this product meets the requirements of the EU (European
Union) concerning interference causing equipment regulations. CE stands for
Conformité Européenne.
FCC Compliance Statement
Declaration on Conformity
DiMAGE Scan Dual IV
Responsible Party: Konica Minolta Photo Imaging U.S.A. Inc.
Address: 725 Darlington Avenue, Mahwah, NJ 07430
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept
any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation. Changes or
modifications not approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user's authority
to operate the equipment. This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for
a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation.
This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular
installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which
can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the
interference by one or more of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver.
• Connect the equipment to an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is
connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
Do not remove the ferrite cores from the cables.
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
The sound pressure level is less than 70dB according to ISO 3744 or ISO 7779.
5
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Color examples ..........................................................................................................2
Before you begin ........................................................................................................3
For proper and safe use ............................................................................................4
Names of parts ..........................................................................................................9
Installation ..............................................................................................................9
Before installing the DiMAGE Scan Utility ......................................................9
DiMAGE Scan system requirements ............................................................10
Additional system requirements ....................................................................11
Adobe Photoshop Elements ..........................................................................11
Windows ........................................................................................................12
Macintosh ......................................................................................................14
Scanner setup ..........................................................................................................16
Before connecting the scanner to a computer ..............................................16
Connecting the USB cable ............................................................................16
Connecting the AC adapter............................................................................17
Turning on the scanner ..................................................................................17
Disconnecting the scanner ............................................................................17
Loading the film holders............................................................................................18
Handling film ..................................................................................................18
Where is the emulsion? ................................................................................18
Loading 35mm film strips ..............................................................................18
Loading mounted slides ................................................................................19
Loading a film holder into the scanner ..........................................................19
Using the APS Adapter AD-10 (sold separately) ..........................................20
Ejecting a film holder ....................................................................................21
DiMAGE Scan Launcher ..........................................................................................22
Easy Scan Utility ......................................................................................................23
Launching the Easy Scan Utility ....................................................................23
Using the Easy Scan Utility ..........................................................................24
Basic scanning..........................................................................................................28
Launching the DiMAGE Scan Utility ..............................................................28
Scanning basics ............................................................................................28
Scanner setup................................................................................................29
Main window and index scan tab ..................................................................29
Making an index scan ....................................................................................30
Selecting index thumbnails ............................................................................30
Flip and rotate images ..................................................................................31
Fit-to-window button ......................................................................................32
Main window and prescan tab ......................................................................32
Making a prescan ..........................................................................................32
Grab tool ........................................................................................................33
Magnifying tool ..............................................................................................33
Auto cropping ................................................................................................33
CHP button (APS film) ..................................................................................33
Making the final scan ....................................................................................34
6
TABLE
OF CONTENTS
Basic image processing ............................................................................................36
Main window and image-correction tab ........................................................36
Pixel Polish ....................................................................................................37
Auto Dust Brush ............................................................................................38
Auto Dust Brush retouching level ..................................................................38
Variation palette ............................................................................................39
Brightness, contrast, and color-balance palette ............................................40
An introduction to color ..................................................................................41
Comparing pre and post-correction images ..................................................42
Undoing and redoing image corrections........................................................42
Quitting the DiMAGE Scan Utility ..................................................................43
Advanced scanning ..................................................................................................44
Setting scanner preferences..........................................................................44
Exposure control tab......................................................................................46
Saving exposure settings....................................................................47
Loading exposure settings..................................................................47
More index scan functions ............................................................................48
Reverse frame order ..........................................................................48
Saving the index thumbnails ..............................................................49
Saving an index file ............................................................................49
Loading an index file ..........................................................................49
More prescan functions ................................................................................50
Point AF (Autofocus) ..........................................................................50
Manual focus ......................................................................................51
Manual cropping ................................................................................52
Autoexposure......................................................................................53
AE area selection ..........................................................................53
AE lock............................................................................................53
Inputting scan settings manually....................................................................54
About resolution and output size ..................................................................55
Scan setting examples ..................................................................................56
Saving scan settings as a Job ......................................................................57
Deleting a Job................................................................................................57
Advanced image processing ....................................................................................58
More image-processing tools ........................................................................58
Digital Grain Dissolver ..................................................................................59
Tone curve / histogram palette ......................................................................60
Using tone curves ..........................................................................................60
Drawing tone curves by freehand..................................................................61
A short guide to tone-curve corrections ........................................................62
Histogram corrections ....................................................................................64
Tone-curve / histogram auto setting ..............................................................65
A short guide to histogram corrections ..........................................................66
White, black, and gray-point corrections ......................................................68
Setting the white and black-point values ......................................................69
Tracking image corrections - snapshot button ..............................................69
Hue, saturation, and lightness palette ..........................................................70
Selective-color palette....................................................................................71
7
About RGB and CMY ....................................................................................71
Unsharp mask................................................................................................72
Saving image corrections ..............................................................................73
Loading image-correction Jobs......................................................................73
Custom Wizard ........................................................................................................74
Batch Scan Utility......................................................................................................76
Advanced Batch Scan setup..........................................................................78
Color matching..........................................................................................................80
Setting the output color space ......................................................................80
Output color spaces ......................................................................................81
Setting the monitor ICC profile ......................................................................82
Scanner color profiles ....................................................................................82
Color matching recommendations ................................................................83
Auto Dust Brush plug-in............................................................................................84
Before installing the plug-in ..........................................................................84
Installation - Windows....................................................................................84
Installation - Macintosh ..................................................................................86
Using the Auto Dust Brush plug-in ................................................................87
Appendix
............................................................................................................89
Glossary of common terms............................................................................89
Uninstalling the DiMAGE Scan software ......................................................90
Installed file and folders ................................................................................91
Job file list ......................................................................................................92
Troubleshooting ........................................................................................................94
Checking software installation - Windows ....................................................95
Technical specifications ............................................................................................96
Technical support ..........................................................................................97
Warranty and product registration ................................................................97
Record keeping..............................................................................................97
Image Data Sheet..........................................................................................98
Color examples ..............................................................................................99
Konica Minolta is a trademark of Konica Minolta Holdings, Inc. DiMAGE is a trademark of Konica
Minolta Camera, Inc. Microsoft, Windows, Windows 98, Windows Me, Windows 2000 Professional,
and Windows XP are registered trademarks of the Microsoft Corporation. Macintosh, Apple, and
Power Macintosh are registered trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc. Adobe and Photoshop are
registered trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated. CorelPhotoPaint is a trademark of the Corel
Corporation. Paint Shop Pro is the copyright of Met’s Corporation. All other brand and product
names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.
8
TABLE
OF CONTENTS
NAMES OF PARTS
USB port
DC terminal
Front door
Quick Scan / Eject button
Indicator lamp
Power switch
INSTALLATION
Before installing the DiMAGE Scan Utility
RAM-stationed programs such as anti-virus or installation-monitoring software may
cause the installer to fail. Remove or disable these programs before installing the
DiMAGE Scan Utility. Reinstall or enable the software when the installation is
complete.
Do NOT connect the scanner to a computer before installing the DiMAGE Scan Utility
software.
9
DiMAGE Scan system requirements
The computer and the operating system must be guarantied by the manufacturer to
support USB interface. To use the scanner, your computer system must meet the
following requirements:
Pentium 166 Mhz or later processor.
Pentium III or later recommended.
PowerPC G3 or later.
PowerPC G4 or later recommended.
Windows 98, 98 Second Edition,
2000 Professional, Me, or
XP (Home/Professional).
Mac OS 8.6 ~ 9.2.2
Mac OS X 10.1.3 ~ 10.1.5, 10.2.1 ~ 10.2.8,
10.3 ~ 10.3.1
64MB of RAM.
64MB of RAM in addition to the requirements
for the Mac OS and applications.
Hard-disk space: 3 to 10 times the file size of the scanned image.
800 X 600 monitor capable of displaying
High Color (16 bit) is required.
1024 x 768 monitor is recommended.
800 X 600 monitor capable of displaying at
least 32,000 colors is required.
1024 x 768 monitor is recommended.
USB (ver. 2.0 or 1.1) interface
Recommended USB boards
Adaptec USB2connect 3100, Adaptec
USB2connect 5100, Adaptec DuoConnect,
Belkin Hi-speed USB 2.0 5-Port PCI, Belkin
Hi-speed USB 2.0 2-Port PCI, or port
supplied with the computer.
Apple USB port
TWAIN driver compatible with
Photoshop 6.0.1, and 7.0.1,
Photoshop Elements 2.0,
Paint Shop Pro 8, CorelPhotoPaint 11.0.
Plug-in compatible with
Photoshop 6.0.1, and 7.0.1,
Photoshop Elements 2.0,
* To use preinstalled Mac OS 8.6 with a built-in FireWire port, a Firewire 2.2 to 2.3.3
extension must be installed. This software can be downloaded free of charge from the
apple web site at http://www.apple.com.
Check the Minolta web site for the latest compatibility information:
North America: http://www.konicaminolta.us/
Europe: http://www.konicaminoltasupport.com
10
INSTALLATION
Additional memory requirements
When scanning with:
16-bit color depth
Auto Dust Brush
Pixel Polish
Auto Dust Brush with
16-bit color depth
When scanning with:
16-bit color depth
Auto Dust Brush
Pixel Polish
Auto Dust Brush with
16-bit color depth
PC / AT compatible computers
64MB of RAM.
400MB hard disk space
128MB recommended.
800MB recommended.
128MB of RAM.
600MB hard disk space
256MB recommended.
1.2GB recommended.
128MB of RAM.
600MB hard disk space
256MB recommended.
1.2GB recommended.
128MB of RAM.
1.0GB hard disk space
256MB recommended.
2.0GB recommended.
Macintosh computers
128MB of RAM.
400MB hard disk space
256MB recommended.
800MB recommended.
128MB of RAM.
600MB hard disk space
256MB recommended.
1.2GB recommended.
128MB of RAM.
600MB hard disk space
256MB recommended.
1.2GB recommended.
128MB of RAM.
1.0GB hard disk space
256MB recommended.
2.0GB recommended.
Mac OS 8.6 - 9.2.2: allocate the RAM requirements above to the Easy Scan Utility or
DiMAGE Scan Dual 4 Utility when used alone. When using the DiMAGE Scan Utility
through an image-processing application, add the memory requirements to the host
software.
With Mac OS 8.6 ~ 9.2.2, to use Pixel Polish when the utility is opened through an
image-processing application, the largest unused block of memory for the OS must be
more than 128 MB. With the image-processing application open, check the amount of
unused memory before launching the the scanner utility. If the block of memory is less
than 128 MB, close all other open applications.
Adobe Photoshop Elements 2.0
Take time to register your copy of Photoshop Elements 2.0 with Adobe. You can
register online, by fax, or by mail. The software can be registered online during
installation by following the instructions on the installer screens. To register by fax or
mail, read the instructions in the registration folder located in the technical-information
folder on the Adobe Photoshop Elements 2.0 CD-ROM.
PC / AT compatible computers
Macintosh computers
Pentium processor
PowerPC processor
Windows 98, 98 Second Edition, Me,
Mac OS 9.1, 9.2.x, or
Mac OS X 10.1.3 to 10.1.5.
2000, or XP.
Internet Explorer 5.0, 5.5, or 6.0.
128 MB of RAM
(with virtual memory on)
128 MB of RAM
150 MB of available hard disk space
350 MB of available hard disk space
Color monitor capable of displaying thousands of colors
at a resolution of 800 X 600 or greater.
11
Windows
In the example below, the hard disk is drive C, and the CD-ROM drive is drive D. The
letters designating the drives will vary between computers.
Turn on the computer to start up the Windows operating system. Windows XP and
2000 users should logon as an administrator.
Insert the DiMAGE Scan Utility CD-ROM into the
CD-ROM drive. The DiMAGE Scan Dual IV setup
screen will open.
Click the “Starting up the DiMAGE Scan Dual4
installer” button. The program decompression
screen will briefly appear. The Install Shield
Wizard will start automatically.
If the Install Shield Wizard does not start up
automatically, execute the following procedure:
1. Initiate the run routine on the start menu.
2. Click the browse button in the run dialog box.
3. Select the CD-ROM drive from the look-in
box in the browse window.
4. Open the driver folder.
5. Open the English folder.
6. Click on the Setup.exe file. It will be displayed with its location in the run dialog box:
D:\Driver\English\Setup.exe. Click OK.
The opening screen of the InstallShield Wizard
will appear. Click the next button to continue.
Click the yes button to accept the agreement and
continue. Read the entire agreement carefully
before continuing. If you do not agree to the
terms of the license agreement, click the no
button to exit the setup program.
12
INSTALLATION
To install the software in the default folder
(C:\Program Files\DiMAGEScan), click Next.
To install the software in another folder, click the
browse button to display the folder selection
window. Specify the directory in which to install
the software, then click OK.
Select the components to be installed, then click
the next button. Normally, the TWAIN data
source should be installed. The descriptions in
this manual assume the utility was installed with
the TWAIN data source.
The name of the default program folder is
displayed. To install the software in this folder,
click Next.
To install the software to another existing folder,
select one of the folders listed in the existingfolders box below. Click the next button to begin
installation.
The InstallShield Wizard will indicate that
installation was successful. Select the restartcomputer option and then click Finish. When the
computer restarts, the scanner driver software
will be ready to use. Print out a copy of the Read
Me file for reference.
The scanner software can be launched directly from most image-processing
applications. Although the TWAIN driver cannot be seen, it allows the utility to be
launched from an image-processing application using the import option as well as
allowing the computer and scanner to communicate.
13
Macintosh
Turn on the computer to start the Mac OS. Insert the DiMAGE Scan Utility CD-ROM
into the CD-ROM drive. The Dimage Scan Utility CD-ROM icon appears on the
desktop. Double-click on the icon; the driver, manual, and acrobat reader folders are
displayed.
Open the driver folder to view the language folders.
Driver
Open the appropriate
language folder.
Deutsch
Espanol
Francais
Double click on the DiMAGE Scan installer; the
installer’s start-up screen will open.
Click the continue button on the installer screen to begin the
installation routine.
The end-user license agreement will appear. If
you accept the terms of the agreement, click
the accept button to continue the installation
routine. If you do not agree to the conditions in
the end-user license agreement, click the
decline button and the software will not be
installed.
With custom installation selected from the popup menu at the top left of the installer screen,
the check boxes indicates the software to be
installed. To deselect a file for installation, click
on the box to uncheck it
At the bottom of the installer screen, specify the
location in which the software will be installed.
To change the designated location, use the
install-location menu; this menu can be used to
select an existing location or create a new one.
Click the install button to begin installation.
14
INSTALLATION
English
Japanese
Any software that is running must be closed
before the DiMAGE Scan Utility can be
installed. Click the continue button to shut
down any active applications and continue the
installation routine. The cancel option will end
the installation routine.
A screen confirming the successful installation
of the software will appear. Click the restart
button to exit the installation program and
restart the computer. The quit button exits the
installer without restarting the computer. To
make additional installations, click the continue
button.
After the computer restarts, confirm the selected DiMAGE Scan applications are
installed in the designated location. Print out a copy of the Read Me file for reference.
If the DS Dual4 plug-in was installed, simply
drag and drop the plug-in file into an imageprocessing application’s import folder. This will
allow the DiMAGE Scan Utility to be launched
directly from that application.
15
SCANNER SETUP
Before connecting the scanner to a computer
Before connecting the scanner to a computer, the DiMAGE Scan Utility must
first be installed. See pages 9 through 15 for the installation procedure.
The scanner should be placed on a level surface free from vibrations. It should be
located away from direct sunlight and in a clean, dry, well-ventilated area. Never
connect the scanner cable while data is being transferred between the computer and
peripheral devices.
Connecting the USB cable
Securely plug the A connector of the USB
cable into the scanner’s USB port and the B
connector into the computer’s USB port.
The scanner should be connected directly to
the computer. Attaching the scanner to a USB
hub may prevent proper operation.
When the scanner is initially connected to a computer with a Windows 98, 98SE, or
2000 Professional operating system, the found-new-hardware wizard will appear
briefly. No action is required. With Windows 2000, the “Digital Signature Not Found…”
message may appear. Click the yes button to complete the scanner installation.
When the scanner is initially connected to a computer with a Windows XP operating
system, the found-new-hardware wizard will appear. Click the next button. The “not
passed Windows Logo testing” message appears. Click the continue-anyway button
to complete the scanner installation.
16
SCANNER
SETUP
Connecting the AC adapter
1. Connect the output plug of the AC
adapter to the scanner’s DC terminal.
2. Plug the AC adapter into a standard
household outlet.
2
1
Turning on the scanner
Confirm the front door of the scanner is
closed; the scanner is unable to initialize if
the door is open. Turn on the scanner with
the power switch. Start up the computer.
When launching the DiMAGE Scan Utility,
the indicator lamp (1) blinks when the
scanner is initializing. Once the indicator
lamp glows steadily, the scanner can be
used.
1
Power switch
Disconnecting the scanner
Never disconnect the scanner when the indicator lamp is
blinking.
Quit the DiMAGE Scan Utility. Confirm that the scanner indicator lamp
is not blinking. Turn the scanner off and then disconnect the cable.
17
LOADING THE FILM HOLDERS
Handling film
To achieve the best possible reproduction from the scanner, the film and film holder
should be free from dust and dirt. Always work with processed film in a clean, dustfree environment. Handle film by the edges or mount to prevent fingerprints and dirt
marring the image area. Special lint free gloves are available from photographic
equipment retailers for film handling as well as anti-static cloths, brushes, and blowers
for removing dust. Film cleaner can be used to remove oil, grease, or dirt from film;
carefully follow the manufacturer's instructions and precautions for the film cleaning
solvent.
Where is the emulsion?
When film is scanned, the emulsion side of the film should be down. When viewing the
film image, if the image is orientated correctly rather than a mirror image, the emulsion
side is facing down. If the image is abstract or symmetrical so its orientation is difficult
to determine, the emulsion is down if the frame numbers and edge markings can be
read correctly. With mounted slides, the emulsion is on the same side of the mount as
the film manufacturer's or processor’s name is printed.
Loading 35mm film strips
Film strips of up to six frames can
be loaded into the FH-U2 film
holder. To open the holder, lift the
latch and open the cover (1).
With the emulsion down, place
the film in the holder and
under the retaining tabs
(2). Align the film with the
frame apertures.
Carefully lower the
cover until the
latch clicks into
place. Take care
not to move the
film
during
this
operation.
1
2
2
18
LOADING
THE FILM HOLDERS
Loading mounted slides
Up to four mounted 35mm or APS slides can be
inserted into the slide mount holder. The slide
mounts must be between 1 mm and 2 mm
thick to fit the holder. Glass mounts
cannot be used; the glass refracts the
light resulting in distorted and
unevenly illuminated scans. Do not
leave slide mounts in the holder.
Hold the slide mount holder so that the slots
are to the top and the frame numbers are upsidedown and face up. Insert the slides into the holder
emulsion side down. The slide must be parallel with the length
of the holder otherwise the top and bottom of the image area will be
cropped.
Loading a film holder into the scanner
Before using the scanner, install the DiMAGE Scan Utility. Confirm the front door of the
scanner is closed and then turn on the scanner. Launch the DiMAGE Scan Utility
before inserting the film holder. Do not insert the film holder into the scanner while the
utility software is launching or the scanner is initializing; the indicator lamp blinks
during this period.
1
When the indicator lamp glows steadily, open the
front door until the top is aligned with the 35mm
film-holder mark (1).
Insert the film holder into the scanner in the
direction indicated by the arrow. Hold the holder
straight and level with the orientation indicator up
(2).
Carefully push the holder into the scanner until the
arrow mark (2) is aligned with the scanner door;
the holder will be automatically fed into the
scanner from that point. Never touch or hinder the
holder when it is in the scanner.
2
19
Using the APS Adapter AD-10 (sold separately)
APS (Advanced Photo System) cassette film can be scanned using the APS Adapter
AD-10. The cassette must contain processed film; the square number 4 mark at the
end of the cassette should be highlighted in white. Do not load unprocessed film.
To load an APS cassette, slide the filmchamber release (1) toward the top of
the adapter unit until the chamber door
opens (2). The film-chamber release will
not return to its original position until the
door is closed.
Insert the cassette into the film chamber
as shown (3). Close the chamber door
(4); the film-chamber release will return
to its original position (5).
1
2
3
4
5
When the indicator lamp glows steadily,
open the front door until the top of the
door is aligned with the APS film-holder
mark.
With the scanner contacts face up, insert
the adapter into the scanner until it
stops. The scanner detects the holder
and automatically loads the film. Do not
remove the holder until the film has been
rewound, see page 21.
When using the APS adapter, if the scanner makes a strange sound or the filmadvance warning appears, eject the APS adapter immediately (p. 21) and do not
reinsert it. Contact a Konica Minolta service facility.
20
LOADING
THE FILM HOLDERS
Ejecting a film holder
Click the eject button in the
DiMAGE Scan Utility window or
press and hold the Quick Scan /
eject button on the scanner to
remove the holder; the scanner
automatically ejects the holder to
its initial insertion position. Do not
touch or hinder the holder while it
is moving. If the scanner is
turned off before the holder is
ejected, turn on the scanner; the
holder is automatically ejected.
When using the optional APS
adapter,
the
scanner
automatically rewinds the film
when the eject button is pressed.
Do not remove the adapter until
the rewind motor has stopped.
Eject button
Close the front door when the
scanner is not in use.
21
DIMAGE SCAN LAUNCHER
The Quick Scan button launches the
DiMAGE Scan applications. When the
button is pressed, the launcher is
displayed; the button is disabled when
a scanner application is open. Simply
click on one of the launcher buttons to
start the appropriate application.
There should be no holder in the
scanner. Refer to the following
sections for more information on the
use of the applications:
DS Dual4 Utility - page 28
Easy Scan Utility - page 23
Batch Scan Utility - page 76
Quick Scan button
The launcher can be used to directly
open an image-processing application
with which the scanner will be used.
To specify the application, click the
view button (1); the open dialog box
will be displayed. Locate and click on
the application to highlight it. Click the
open button (2) to complete the
procedure; the name of the application
will be displayed in the launcher (3).
The Quick Scan button can be used to
launch a single application directly.
Simply select the application from the
drop-down menu at the bottom of the
launcher; each time the Quick Scan
button is pressed, that application will
open along with the launcher.
22
DIMAGE
SCAN LAUNCHER
2
3
1
EASY SCAN UTILITY
The DiMAGE Scan Easy Scan Utility is a simple, automatic scanning application for
trouble-free scans. The utility works as a stand-alone program, and cannot be
launched through another application.
The following settings are automatically made when using the Easy Scan Utility:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Autofocusing with each 35mm frame, or with the first APS frame only.
35mm Index scan priority: speed setting (p. 45).
Color depth: 8 bit.
No multi-sample scanning.
Automatic cropping to inside edge (p. 33).
sRGB output color space when color matching is on. (p. 80)
Autoexposure with all films except black and white slides.
Launching the Easy Scan Utility
Do not launch the utility with a film holder in the scanner. The scanner door must be
closed.
Windows
Select DiMAGE Scan Dual4 - Easy Scan Utility from the
Minolta DiMAGE Scan Dual4 folder in the program option
of the start menu.
Macintosh
Open the DS Dual4 folder. Double click the DiMAGE Scan
Dual4 Easy icon.
23
Using the Easy Scan Utility
When the Easy Scan Utility is launched, the Easy Scan Wizard opens. Simply follow
the instructions on the Wizard to scan images.
A screen requesting a film holder appears. Load and
insert the holder following the instructions in the
loading a film holder section of the hardware manual.
If an optional APS adapter is used, an index scan will
be made and the next window is skipped. The APS
auto-detect function automatically sets the film type
between color and black and white, and positive and
negative.
The status bar at the top of each window gives instructions or describes function on
which the mouse pointer is located.
To exit the Easy Scan Utility at any point, click the quit button in the bottom left corner
of the window. The film holder will be ejected automatically.
When scanning 35mm film, click
the appropriate button to specify
the film type; film for slides is
positive film, and film for prints is
negative film. The border of the
film-type button is highlighted to
indicate the selection. Click the
next button to begin an index scan.
Film-type buttons
Scanner Notes (Macintosh)
To cancel an index scan, prescan, or final scan once it has started, click and hold
the mouse on the cancel button in the progress dialog box or press and hold the
command and period (.) keys until the cancel button appears to depress.
24
EASY SCAN
UTILITY
When the index scan is complete, thumbnails of all the images in the holder are
displayed. Click the image to be scanned. The border is highlighted to indicate
selection. Only one image can be selected. When using an optional APS adapter, the
thumbnail frame numbers correspond to the film frame numbers.
Auto Dust Brush (p. 38)
Digital Grain Dissolver (p. 59)
Pixel Polish (p. 37)
Index thumbnails
Rotate buttons
Adjust-image check box
Select the image to be scanned. When scanning with the optional APS adapter, more
thumbnails will be created than can be displayed. Scroll buttons will appear at the side
of the window. The single-arrow button scrolls one line at a time, the double-arrow
button scrolls two lines.
Select image processing or rotate the image as necessary. Once an image-processing
function is selected, it remains in effect until canceled.
Click the adjust-image check box to access the adjust-image screen to control image
brightness, contrast, and saturation. Uncheck the box to go directly to the selectusage screen.
Click the next button to continue.
(Continued on next page.)
25
If the adjust-image option was checked in the previous screen, the adjust-image
screen is displayed. The same automatic image-processing functions shown in the
previous screen are also displayed here.
Click and drag the brightness, contrast,
and saturation sliders to adjust the image;
change are reflected in the display. Any
changes made remain in effect until reset
or the utility is closed. Returning to the
previous screen and unchecking the
adjust-image box will not reset these
settings.
After making adjustments to the image,
click the next button.
Select the option which best describes the final
use of the scanned image. Only one choice can
be made. Click the scan button to continue; the
save-as screen will open. If an image has
multiple uses, repeat the Easy Scan procedure
for each use of the image.
On the save-as screen, specify the file name, file
format, and destination of the image data. Images can
be saved in BMP, JPEG, TIFF, or PICT file formats.
See page 35 for more about these formats. When
saving JPEG files, the compression ratio can be
specified. Click the save button to complete the final
scan.
When using a USB storage device on the same bus as the scanner, save the data on
the computer’s hard disk first before transferring it to the storage device. Saving the
scanned data directly to the device may corrupt the image data.
26
EASY SCAN
UTILITY
If the image was scanned for printing, the
print preview dialog box opens to allow the
data to be printed. The number of prints
can be specified in the copies text box. If
the print size set with the Easy Scan Utility
is not compatible with the printer, the page
size is automatically reset and highlighted
in red.
To change the printer settings so that the image is printed correctly, click the printersetup button. The operating system’s print setup dialog box is displayed, refer to the
operating system’s help to make settings. Any changes made are displayed in the print
preview display.
When using Mac OS 8.6 ~ 9.2.2, the printer name is not displayed and the number of
copies cannot be selected. Click the printer-setup button and specify the printer and
number of copies with operating system’s print setup dialog box.
Click the print button to print the image. Click the cancel button to cancel the print
operation; the image data has been saved and can be printed at anytime.
After the scanning is completed, the image is ready to
use. Click the appropriate button to continue or close
the utility. The quit button closes the Easy Scan Utility
and ejects the film holder. The replace-film button
ejects the holder so the film can be changed. The
continue button allows other images in the film holder
to be scanned. Turn off the scanner and close the front
door when not in use.
27
BASIC SCANNING
Launching the DiMAGE Scan Utility
Do not launch the utility with a film holder in the scanner and confirm the front door
is closed. The utility can also be launched from an image-processing application. See
the Windows and Macintosh installation section.
Windows
Select DiMAGE Scan Dual4 Utility from the DiMAGE Scan Dual4
folder in the program option of the start menu.
Macintosh
Open the DS Dual4 folder, and double click the DiMAGE
Scan Dual4 Utility icon.
Scanning basics
Please read the basic scanning section in its entirety before moving on. Before any
scan is made, the film holder must be loaded and inserted into the scanner. Refer to
the scanner hardware manual for instructions as well as film handling tips.
Three types of scans can be made singularly or in combination depending on the
workflow and degree of processing:
Index scan
To display thumbnails of each image in the 35mm or APS film holder.
An index scan is useful when scanning multiple frames on one film
strip or for selecting a specific frame among similar images.
Prescan
To display a preview of a specific image. A prescan allows an image
to be cropped or corrected using the scanner’s image-processing
tools.
Scan
To save and export an image. Image size, resolution, and file format
are specified with this scan.
28
BASIC
SCANNING
Scanner setup
Before making a scan, the film format and type must be specified. Film type can be
selected between color and black and white, positive and negative film. Film for prints
is negative film. Slide film is positive film. APS has an additional film-type option, auto
detect. This automatically sets the film among color and black and white, and positive
and negative.
Film format and type are selected
from the drop-down menus in the top
left corner of the main window. If the
holder and selected film format do
not match, a warning will be
displayed and the scan will not be
made.
Main window and index scan tab
Film format
Eject button
Film type
Help
Scan button (p. 34)
Index scan button (p. 30)
Prescan button (p. 32)
Index tab
Rotate buttons (p. 31)
Flip buttons (p. 31)
Fit-to-window button
(p. 31)
The utility window can be
resized by clicking and
dragging the bottom right
corner.
Index thumbnail
Frame number
Scan-setting window (p. 34, 54)
29
Making an index scan
With a loaded film holder in the scanner,
click the index-scan button in the main
window to start the scan. All the frames in
the film holder will be scanned. The frame
number of the index scan corresponds to
the frame number in the film holder.
Images can be prescanned or scanned
without making an index scan.
To cancel the index scan, click the cancel button in the small dialog box that appears
during the scan, or press the escape key (Windows), or press the command key and
period (.) at the same time (Macintosh).
Index thumbnails remain in the display until another index scan is made or the film
format and type are changed. To initialize the index display and remove the current
thumbnails press the control key (Windows) or command key (Macintosh) together
with the shift and R keys.
Selecting index thumbnails
The thumbnail display allows the selection
of single or multiple images for
prescanning or scanning. Selected images
can also be affected by the scanner
software functions such as the rotate
buttons.
Simply click on a thumbnail to select it; the
border will darken to indicate selection.
To select multiple images, press and hold the control key (Windows) or command key
(Macintosh) and then click on each image to be scanned; the selected frames will
have a dark border. To deselect an image, click on the thumbnail a second time while
holding the control key (Windows) or command key (Macintosh). To select consecutive
images, press and hold the shift key and then click on the first and last images of the
series. Press the control key (Windows) or command key (Macintosh) and A key at the
same time to select all frames.
30
BASIC
SCANNING
Flip and rotate images
The orientation of the index thumbnails
and prescan images can be changed with
the flip and rotate buttons on the tool bar.
Rotate - the rotate-right button
rotates the thumbnail 90° clockwise
and the rotate-left button rotates the
image 90° counterclockwise each
time the buttons are clicked.
Original image
Flip - when an image is
flipped, it will create a
mirror image.
Fit-to-window button
Normally, index thumbnails and prescan images are displayed based on their size and
resolution. When the number of thumbnails or the size of the prescan is too large or
small for the display area, clicking the fit-to-window button automatically resizes the
images to fit the display area. Clicking the button again displays the images at their
original size. The prescan grab and zoom tools cannot be used with the fit-to-window
function.
31
Main window and prescan tab
Film format
Index scan button (p. 30)
Prescan button
Scan button (p. 34)
Eject button
Film type
This display indicates the frame
number of the displayed image and
the number of images in the holder.
Click the arrows to load the previous
or next image.
Help
CHP button
(for APS film) (p. 33)
Auto-cropping button (p. 33)
Prescan display area
Grab button (p. 33)
Magnifying button (p. 33)
Fit-to-window button (p. 31)
Flip-vertically button (p. 31)
Flip-horizontally button (p. 31)
Scan-setting window (p. 34, 54)
Rotate-right button (p. 31)
Rotate-left button (p. 31)
Making a prescan
When using an index scan, select the index frame to
be prescanned. Click the prescan button in the main
window. Double clicking on the index frame also
activates the prescan even if no thumbnail is
displayed in the frame; the prescan window is
displayed automatically.
32
BASIC
SCANNING
Grab tool
When an image is larger than the display area,
the grab tool can be used to scroll the image.
Click the grab button on the tool bar. Click and
drag on the image to scroll. This tool cannot be
used with the fit-to-window function (p. 31).
Magnifying tool
The display image can be enlarged or reduced.
Click the magnifying button on the tool bar. Click
on the image to enlarge. To reduce, hold down
the control (Windows) or option key (Macintosh)
and click on the image. When the image has
reached the magnification limit, the plus or
minus sign in the magnifying tool disappears.
This tool cannot be used with the fit-to-window
function (p. 31).
Enlarge
Reduce
Auto cropping
Auto cropping eliminates the blank space around
the image area. Clicking the auto-cropping button
cycles through its three positions: crop to outside
edge of the image area, crop to inside edge of the
image area, and entire scan area. The cropping
frame is indicated by a marquee (dotted line). The
cropping area can also be adjusted manually (p.
52). When using the image-correction tools, only
the cropped area is displayed.
CHP button (APS film)
When using the optional APS adapter, the CHP
button crops an image to one of the APS formats.
Clicking the CHP button cycles the cropping frame
through the C, H, and P APS framing formats. The
cropping area can be moved by placing the mouse
pointer within the marquee (dotted line) and then
clicking and dragging. The cropping area can also
be adjusted manually (p. 52). When using the
image-correction tools, only the cropped area is
displayed.
H
P
C
33
Making the final scan
Before making the final scan, the input and output parameters must be specified.
While it’s possible to input the scan settings yourself, DiMAGE Scan Utility gives you
an easier choice - the Job function. This function automatically loads the scan settings
based on the final use of the image. The scan-setting dialog box is located on the left
of both the index scan and prescan windows.
The Standard Scan
Utility contains over 100
Job files to cover a wide
range of image use. To
create your own Job files
or to input the scan
settings manually, see
page 54. For a list of Job
parameters, see page
92.
Job name
Load Job button
Scan resolution
File resolution
Scan
dimensions
magnification
and
File dimensions
Unit of dimensions
Reset button
Size is based on the total number of pixels in the image and can be different from the
size of the saved data depending on the file format selected.
Click the load Job button. The Job-selection dialog box
will open.
Select a Job category from the drop-down list.
34
BASIC
SCANNING
Click a Job file name to select it. The Job names can
be sorted chronologically or alphabetically by
clicking the name or date radio buttons at the bottom
of the dialog box.
The scan settings of the selected Job file are
displayed on the right side of the window. The Job
settings vary with the film format. Click the OK
button to apply the Job settings.
When the Job file is loaded, a cropping frame will appear on the image. The frame is
proportional to the output use specified with the Job. The frame can be resized, but
the proportions will remain the same; the input and output values are automatically
adjusted to match the change to the cropping frame.
Click the scan button in the main window to start the
final scan. If the DiMAGE Scan Utility was opened in
an image-processing application, the scanned
image will be opened in that application. If the utility
is used by itself, the save as dialog box will open.
On the save-as dialog box, enter the file name, and
select the file destination and file format for the
image data. If multiple images are scanned, a serial
number can be added to the file name automatically;
click the add-number check box and then enter the
first number of the series. When saving JPEG files,
the compression ratio must be specified. Click the
save button to make the final scan.
JPEG
This file can be compressed to reduce the file size. The compression
ratio can be selected when saving. The higher the compression ratio,
the smaller the file size, and more loss to image quality.
TIFF
A high-resolution bitmap that can be opened on any computer platform.
The color depth can be specified in the preference window (p. 45).
BMP
A file type used in Windows. This file type can be opened in the paint
software installed in the Windows operating system.
PICT
A file type used in Macintosh. This file can be opened in the Simple Text
application installed with Macintosh operating systems. The file cannot
have a width greater than 4096 pixels.
35
BASIC IMAGE PROCESSING
Main window and image-correction tab
This section contains details on the basic image-processing tools. For descriptions of
the advanced tools, see pages 58 though 73. The prescan image or a selected index
image can be displayed in the image correction window by simple clicking the tab. If
the image has not been prescanned, a prescan will be made automatically.
Prescan button (p. 32)
Index scan button (p. 30)
Scan button (p. 34)
Pixel Polish tab
Auto Dust Brush button (p. 38)
Image-correction tab
Pixel Polish button (p. 37)
Display area
Reset-all button (p. 42)
Redo button (p. 42)
Undo button (p. 42)
Variation button (p. 39)
Brightness, contrast, and color-balance button (p. 40)
Comparison display button (p. 42)
Fit-to-window button (p. 31)
The utility window can be resized by clicking and dragging the bottom right corner. If
the fit-to-window function is active, the displayed image will automatically adjust to fit
the display area. If any changes are made to the image using Pixel Polish or the
image-correction tab, the tab will turn red (Windows) or an asterisk will be displayed
(Macintosh).
36
BASIC
IMAGE PROCESSING
Pixel Polish
Pixel Polish makes automatic or custom image corrections. See page 11 for memory
requirements. Pixel Polish cannot be used with black and white film, 16-bit or 16-bit
linear color depth (p. 30). Scanning time increases. The effect of Pixel Polish is based
on the prescan image area. If the image is cropped after applying Pixel Polish, click
the crop-prescan button (p. 52) to view the results.
Click the Pixel Polish button in the main window to automatically correct the images in
the film holder; previous corrections are canceled. The correction is applied to the
prescan image.
Pixel Polish remains in effect until canceled; click the Pixel Polish button again. To
reapply image corrections made before using Pixel Polish, open the image in the
image-correction tab and click the undo button.
Pixel Polish button
Pixel Polish tab
Apply-all button
Auto radio button
Custom radio button
Custom correction
list boxes
To make custom corrections, click the Pixel Polish tab. If a prescan has not been
made, the scanner will make one automatically.
Click the custom radio button. Click on the descriptions in the list boxes which best
describes the image. To deselect a description, click on it again (Windows) or press
the command key and click on it (Macintosh).
The apply-all button applies the custom settings to all images in the film holder. To
reset the images to the auto correction setting, click the auto radio button and then the
apply-all button.
37
Auto Dust Brush
The Auto Dust Brush reduces the visibility of fine dust particles on
the film surface that cannot be removed with a brush or blower; all
visible dust should be removed from the film, see handling film on
page 18. The scanning time increases with the use of the Auto Dust
Brush. This function cannot be used with 16-bit linear color depth.
See page 11 for memory requirements.
Original image
With Auto Dust Brush processing
Click the Auto Dust Brush button to
activate the function; the dust removal
processing is done at the final scan
and is not applied to the prescan
image. To cancel the Auto Dust Brush,
click the Auto Dust Brush button again.
The Auto Dust Brush effect varies with the images and exposure control settings. The
dust-removal effect is greater at high input resolutions. The retouching level can be
changed in the preferences dialog box, see below. The Auto Dust Brush plug-in allows
more control over a scanned image, see page 84.
Auto Dust Brush retouching level
The degree of retouching applied
with the Auto Dust Brush can be
adjusted.
Click the preferences button in the
main
window
to
open
the
preferences dialog box.
Adjust the retouching level slider and
click OK to set the level.
Scan the image to confirm the level
of processing.
38
BASIC
IMAGE PROCESSING
Variation palette
The variation palette allows an image to be corrected by comparing it to other slightly
corrected images surrounding it. This is an easy method to correct images for
individuals who are inexperienced in image processing or photofinishing.
Click the variation button to display the palette.
Click the arrow next to the variation list box (1) to select the image quality to be
corrected: color balance, brightness and contrast, or saturation. Each variation palette
shows the current image in the center with corrected samples displayed around it.
Variation list box
Variation-step slider and text box
Display-limit check box
1
Close button
2
Reset button
Click the best image among the frames (2). The selected image becomes the new
center surrounded by a set of new images and the change is applied to the prescan
image. This procedure can be repeated until the desired correction is obtained. Click
the reset button to cancel all changes.
The difference between the samples can be changed. Drag the variation-step slider,
or enter a value into the text box to set the degree of correction. The initial setting is
10. The correction step can be set between 1 and 20.
Checking the display-limit check box will indicate when any of the image values
exceed 0 (black limit) or 255 (white limit) with the complementary color. For example,
if the blue area of the image exceeds those values, the limit is displayed with the
complementary color, yellow.
Click the close button to close the palette and apply any image corrections.
39
Brightness, contrast, and color balance palette
Click the brightness, contrast, color-balance
button to display the palette.
Drag the brightness, contrast, or color sliders, or enter
specific values in the corresponding text box to make
corrections. Dragging each slider to the right or inputting
a positive number in the text box increases the
brightness, contrast, and color.
Changes will be reflected in the displayed image and in
the graph at the top of the palette. The horizontal axis of
the chart indicates the original image values and the
vertical axis the new values. Click the reset button to
cancel all changes.
Clicking the auto-setting button corrects the brightness
and contrast automatically without affecting the color
balance. Click the reset button to cancel the changes.
Is this picture too light? Adjusting brightness and contrast
can be more difficult than it looks. The image on the right
looks too bright, especially the mountains in the
background.
Simply making everything darker with the brightness
controls creates a muddy image - the snow and sky are
a dull gray and there are no strong blacks.
By adding contrast to the image, the snow is brightened
while the darker trees are accentuated. The extra
contrast also gives the image the appearance of being
sharper as well as revealing fine details.
40
BASIC
IMAGE PROCESSING
An introduction to color
In photography, red, green, and blue are
the primary colors. The secondary
colors, cyan, magenta, and yellow, are
made from combining the primary colors: MAGENTA
cyan = blue + green, magenta = blue +
red, and yellow = red + green. The
primary and secondary colors are
grouped in complementary pairs: red and
BLUE
cyan, green and magenta, and blue and
yellow.
RED
YELLOW
GREEN
CYAN
Knowing the complementary colors is very important in color balancing. If the image
has a specific color cast, either subtracting the color or adding its complementary color
will create a natural looking image.
RED
GREEN
If the image is too
Decrease the amount of red.
Decrease the amount of green.
BLUE
Decrease the amount of blue.
CYAN
Increase the amount of red.
MAGENTA
YELLOW
Increase the amount of green.
Increase the amount of blue.
Adding or subtracting equal parts of red, green, and blue will have no affect on the
color balance. However, it can change the overall image brightness and contrast.
Usually, no more than two color channels are needed to color balance an image.
Color balancing is a skill that develops with practice. While the human eye is extremely
sensitive in making comparative judgements, it is a poor tool when making absolute
measurements of color. Initially, it can be very difficult to distinguish between blue and
cyan, and red and magenta. However, adjusting the wrong color channel never
improves an image; subtracting blue from an image that is too cyan will give a green
cast to the image.
41
Comparing pre and post-correction images
Clicking the comparison display button divides the image display area in two. The
original image is on the left and the corrected image is on the right. To display the
corrected image only, click the comparison display button again.
Original image
Corrected image
Changes made with the magnifying tool, grab tool, or scroll bars on one image will be
applies to the other. Using the fit-to-window button automatically resizes both images
to fit the display area.
Undoing and redoing image corrections
The undo, redo, and reset-all buttons only affect tools used in the image-correction tab.
Click the undo button to cancel the last image correction applied to the
image. The number of image corrections that can be undone depends on
the computer memory capacity.
Click the redo button to reapply the last image correction canceled with
the undo button.
Click the reset-all button to cancel all image corrections applied to the
image.
42
BASIC
IMAGE PROCESSING
Quitting the DiMAGE Scan Utility
To close the DiMAGE Scan Utility, simply
click the close button in the top right corner
of the main window.
43
ADVANCED SCANNING
This section covers the advanced scanning tools in the DiMAGE Scan Utility. The
basic scanning section on pages 28 through 35 should be read before continuing.
Setting scanner preferences
Click the preferences button in the
main
window
to
open
the
preferences dialog box. Select
preferences options to customize
scanner operations.
Exposure
control
for
negatives:
autoexposure adjusts the scan to compensate
for the density of the negative. The manual
setting uses a fixed exposure regardless of the
density of the film. Manual exposure can show
the exposure difference in a bracket series.
When using AE lock or AE area selection with
negatives (p. 53), the auto function must be
selected.
Auto-expose-for-slides check box: to use
autoexposure when scanning slides. Since the
density range of slides is relatively uniform,
adjusting the expose for each slide is usually
unnecessary. However, when scanning an
underexposed or overexposed slide, the
autoexposure system can compensate for the unusual image density. When using AE
lock or AE area selection with slide film (p. 53), the auto-expose-for-slide box must be
checked.
Autofocus-at-scan check box: this option activates the autofocus function during the
prescan and final scan. When using Auto Dust Brush or Digital Grain Dissolver, the
use of autofocus is recommended. The autofocus function increases the scanning
time. When making an index scan with the APS holder or a quality index scan with the
35mm Film Holder, the scanner only focuses on the first frame.
Close-utility-after-scanning check box: this option closes the DiMAGE Scan Utility
after the final scan when using the scanner with an image-processing application.
Activate this function when individual images will be scanned and then processed or
retouched in another application. Uncheck the box when multiple images need to be
scanned before retouching.
Eject/rewind holder check box: this option ejects the film holder or rewinds the
optional APS adapter after the final scan.
44
ADVANCED
SCANNING
Color-depth list box: this option specifies the color depth of the scanned image
between 8 bit, 16 bit, and 16-bit linear for each RGB channel. Because 16-bit linear
color depth does not make any gamma corrections, the scan of a negative will produce
a negative image. 16-bit and 16-bit linear images can only be saved in the TIFF file
format. Some image-processing application cannot open 16-bit image files.
Multi-sample list box: multi-sample scans reduce random noise in the image by
analyzing the data of each sample scan; 2, 4, 8, and 16 samples can be made. The
more samples taken, the less random noise in the image and the longer the scanning
time.
Retouching level: to adjust the degree of Auto Dust Brush processing. See page 38.
35mm-index-scan-priority radio button: this option allows the selection of highspeed index scans or a quality index scans with prescans. Simply click the appropriate
radio button.
Speed
Only makes index thumbnails. Autofocus is disabled during the index
scan.
Quality
Makes an index thumbnail and prescan of each image. Scanning time is
increased.
Prescan size: to change the size of the prescan image.
Color matching: this controls color reproduction on output devices such as monitors
and printers. For detailed information, see the color matching section on page 80.
Rotate-frames-180-degrees check box: to rotate all APS thumbnails 180 degrees in
the index scan tab.
OK button: to apply the preference settings and close the window.
Cancel button: to cancel any settings made and close the window.
Help button: to open the help window.
45
Exposure-control tab
The exposure-control tab allows the scanner’s exposure system to be customized to
specific films, lighting, or a personal exposure index based on the film, processing,
lens, and shutter combination. This can also be used to compensate for badly
exposed film.
Text box
Histogram
Slider
Apply button
Load setting button
Save setting button
Reset button
Apply-all button
Fit-to-window button
RGB display
Simply click the exposure-control tab to display the selected image. If a prescan has
not been made, the scanner will make one automatically. If any changes are made to
exposure, the image-correction tab will turn red (Windows) or an asterisk will be
displayed on the tab (Macintosh). The last exposure setting used for each film format
is not reset when the utility is closed.
The RGB display will show the color values for any point in the image; simply place
the mouse pointer in the image area to see the values of that point. Pressing the shift
key (Windows) or command key (Macintosh) will display the CMY values.
The master slider and text box control the overall exposure. The R, G, and B sliders
and text boxes are used to compensate for any color shift. No gamma or contrast
changes can be made.
46
ADVANCED
SCANNING
Adjust the sliders or enter values between ±2 in 0.1
increments in the text boxes. Press the apply button (1)
to view the effect on the preview image and the
histograms. Repeat until the desired result is achieved.
To cancel all settings, click the reset button and press
the apply button to initialize the preview image.
1
When using autoexposure, adjustments are made in
reference to the exposure determined by the AE system.
To calibrate the scanner in reference to a standard
exposure, turn the autoexposure functions off in the
preference window (p. 44); set exposure control for
negatives to manual or uncheck the auto-expose-forslides check box. This is recommended when making
settings for specific films.
Click the apply-all button to use the exposure-control
settings for all the images in the film holder. To cancel
changes to exposure once the apply-all function has
been used, click the reset button and then click the
apply-all button again.
Saving exposure settings
Click the save setting button to open
the save window.
Enter the name for the setting file. Click OK.
Loading exposure settings
Click the load setting button to open the load
window.
Click on the file name to highlight it. Click OK to
apply the settings to the image displayed in the
exposure-control tab. Confirm the autoexposure
settings in the preferences window (p. 44).
To delete a setting file, open the load window and
click on the file name to highlight it. Use the
keyboard delete key to erase the file.
47
More index scan functions
Reverse-frame-order button
Save index-image button (p. 49)
Save index-file button (p. 49)
Load index-file button (p. 49)
Load image-correction Job button (p. 73)
Reverse frame order
Some cameras reverse-wind the film so the last frame is exposed at the beginning of
the roll. When scanning film strips, the order of the index thumbnails can be reversed
to correct the chronology by simply clicking the reverse-frame-order button. When the
reverse-frame-order button is clicked again, the frame order follows the film holder
frame order.
48
ADVANCED
SCANNING
Saving the index thumbnails
The displayed thumbnail images can be saved in one image file. All the frames in the
film holder, including empty frames, must be scanned before the index thumbnails can
be saved.
Click the save index-image button. The
standard save-as dialog box will appear.
Enter the file name, and select the file destination and file
format for the image data. Click the save button. File
formats that can be selected with Windows operating
systems are Bitmap (BTM) or JPEG, and with Macintosh,
Pict or JPEG. The film holder does not have to be in the
scanner to save the images.
Saving an index file
The index thumbnails can be saved as an index file. The index file can be loaded into
the scanner so that the index scan does not need to be made again. The index image
file format is unique to this software. All the frames in the film holder, including empty
frames, must be scanned before the index file can be saved.
Click the save index-file button. The standard
save-as dialog box will appear.
Enter the file name and select the file destination. Click the
save button. The film holder does not have to be in the
scanner to save the file.
Loading an index file
An index file can be displayed in the index window of the utility software.
Click the load index-file button. The open
dialog box will appear.
Select the index file to be loaded. Click the open button.
The current index display will be replaced with the images
in the new file.
49
More prescan functions
AE-area-selection button (p. 53)
AE lock button (p. 53)
Point-AF button
Manual-focus button (p. 51)
Auto-cropping button (p. 52)
Crop-prescan button (p. 52)
Scanner Notes
The DiMAGE Scan autofocus system uses the CCD sensor to focus the scanner.
When the autofocus-at-scan option is selected in the preferences window, the
autofocus system uses the center of image to determine focus. This normally results
in an excellent scan when the film plane is flat. However, if the film is warped or curled,
the scanner can be focused using point AF or manual focus.
Point AF (Autofocus)
For best results when using point AF, select an area within the image with contrast or
detail. The point AF function cannot focus on a low-contrast area such as a cloudless
or overcast sky.
Click the point-AF button. The mouse pointer will
change to the point-AF cursor. To cancel the
function, click the point-AF button again.
Click on the area of image to be used for focus.
Autofocus will begin and a new prescan will be
displayed.
50
ADVANCED
SCANNING
Manual focus
The scanner can be focused manually using the focus meter. For best results, select
an area within the image with contrast or detail. The manual focus functions cannot
focus on a low-contrast image such as a cloudless or overcast sky.
Click the manual-focus button. The mouse
pointer will change to the manual-focus
cursor. To cancel the function, click the
manual-focus button again.
Click on the area of image to be used for
focus. The focus meter window will appear.
Adjust the slider using the mouse until the
black and white bars are at their longest
extension. The black bar indicates the
change in focus. The white bar indicates the
longest extent of the black bar and the point
of sharpest focus.
Click OK to set the focus. A new prescan
will start and replace the previous image.
51
Manual cropping
Cropping is a method of recomposing the image by eliminating unnecessary space
around the subject. Many images are improved by cutting out distracting elements in
the background.
Clicking the auto-cropping button to display
the cropping frame marquee.
To enlarge or reduce the cropping frame,
place the mouse pointer over the corners or
sides of the cropping frame; the pointer will
change to a double arrow. Simply click and
drag the edge of the frame to adjust the
cropping area.
To move the cropping frame, place the
mouse pointer in the center of the cropping
frame; the pointer will change to a fourpointed arrow. Simply click and drag the
entire frame over the image area.
With the pointer is outside the cropping
frame, click and drag to define a new
cropping frame.
Pressing the auto-cropping button again
resets the cropping frame around the image
area. The cropping frame can be reset to
cover the full prescan area by pressing the
control key (Windows) or the command key
(Macintosh) and A key at the same time.
Click the crop-prescan button to make a prescan
of the cropped area. To cancel the cropping,
press the prescan button.
52
ADVANCED
SCANNING
Autoexposure
When AE area selection or AE lock are used with slides, the auto-expose-for-slides
option must be checked in the preferences box. When used with negatives, the
exposure control for negatives must be set to auto in the preferences box (p. 44).
AE area selection
AE area selection allows the use of a small area within the image to determine the
scan exposure. Use AE area selection with high or low-key images, or when the film
has been badly exposed.
Click the AE-area-selection button after prescanning
the image.
Pressing the shift key changes the dotted cropping
frame to the solid AE area frame. While pressing the
shift key, use the mouse to adjust and move the AE
area. The methods used to manipulate the frame are
the same as the cropping frame except that the shift
key must be held, see facing page.
Place the AE area over the section of the image to be
used to determine the exposure. Usually placing the area over the subject of the
picture will produce excellent results. The area should represent on average the midtone of the image.
Click the prescan button to view the effect on the exposure. AE area selection is
canceled by pressing the AE-area-selection button again, make a prescan to reset
changes to the image.
AE lock
The AE lock function sets the scanner exposure based on the exposure determined
for a specific prescan with or without the use of AE area selection. This exposure can
be applied to scans of different images. This function is useful when scanning a series
of high and low-key images that have consistent exposures. By locking the exposure
on one frame when scanning a bracket series, the scans of the other frames will show
the exposure difference in each frame of the series.
After making a prescan or setting the exposure of the
reference image with the AE-area-selection function, click
the AE lock button to fix the scanner’s exposure.
Select another image and click the prescan button to view the result with the set
exposure. To cancel the AE lock, click the AE lock button again. The prescan and final
scan will be made with the locked exposure setting until the AE lock is canceled, the
scanner is initialized, or the film type is changed.
53
Inputting scan settings manually
Settings for the final scan can be made in the index scan or prescan windows.
Job-name list box
Load Job button
Save Job button
Input-resolution list box
Output-resolution list box
Input-size text boxes
Input-size lock button
Magnification text box
Output-size text boxes
Output-size lock button
Unit list box
Reset button
Image-size display
Input-resolution list box: values can be selected among the drop-down list or be
entered into the box directly. The input-resolution range is from 200 dpi to the
maximum resolution of 3200 dpi.
Output-resolution list box: values can be selected among the drop-down list or be
entered into the box directly. Output-resolution cannot be entered if pixel is selected in
the unit list box.
Input-size text box: input size is determined by either the cropping frame dimensions
or the values entered in the width and height boxes. The cropping frame will adjust to
any value entered. Input-size cannot be entered if pixel is selected in the unit list box.
Input-size lock button: to lock the input values. The cropping frame can be moved,
but not resized while this button is clicked. Clicking the button again releases the lock.
The input-size lock button cannot be used if pixel is selected in the unit list box.
Magnification text box: to set image magnification. This value is based on input and
output resolution, or output and input size. The magnification text box cannot be used
if pixel is selected in the unit list box.
54
ADVANCED
SCANNING
When the input size and output size are unlocked, the input resolution and output size
vary according to the entered magnification value. When the output size is locked, the
input resolution and input size vary according to the entered magnification value.
When the input size is locked, the input resolution and output size vary according to
the entered magnification.
Output-size text box: output size is determined by either the cropping frame
dimensions or the values entered in the width and height boxes. The width and height
of the output image can be directly entered into the text boxes; the input resolution,
input size, and cropping frame adjust according to the entered dimensions.
Output-size lock button: to lock the output size values.
Unit list box: the input and output size unit can be changed: pixels, millimeters,
centimeters, inches, pica, and points.
Image size display: size based on the total number of pixels in the image and can be
different from the size of the saved data depending on the file format selected.
Reset button: to initialize all current settings.
About resolution and output size
Resolution can be expressed in dpi (dots per inch). This refers to how many pixels are
placed along one linear inch. A resolution of 350 dpi, which is commonly used in
commercial printing, means that an area of one square inch would use 122,500 pixels.
The larger the resolution, the greater the detail in the image. However, as the
resolution increases, so does the file size.
The image resolution depends on the resolution of the output device. A printer with a
resolution of 150 dpi will not be able to print a 300 dpi file any better than a 150 dpi
file; the 300 dpi file will just be four-times larger. Once the output resolution is
determined, the input resolution can be calculated from the magnification needed to
match the output.
Input resolution
Output resolution
=
Output size
Input size
=
Magnification factor
For example, to make a 144 mm x 96 mm print at a resolution of 150 dpi from 35mm
film (image size: 36mm x 24mm), the magnification can be calculated by dividing the
print dimensions by the film dimensions: 96 mm / 24 mm = 4 times. The input
resolution can then be determined from the magnification factor: 150 dpi X 4 = 600 dpi.
When scanning an image to be displayed on a monitor, the only important factors are
the pixel dimensions of the file and monitor. Although printers can print files with
different resolutions at a given size, monitors cannot add or remove pixels to fit the
display area. The image in the example above has a pixel dimension of 850 X 566,
too large for a 800 X 600 pixel 15-inch monitor.
55
Scan setting examples
Example 1: setting the scanner output by pixels. This example creates an image with
the pixel dimension of 640 X 480 to be displayed on a monitor.
Select pixel from the unit list box. The output-resolution
and input-size boxes are deselected.
Enter the dpi resolution for the output size; 640 for the
width and 480 for the height. Click the output-size lock
button to fix the values; the output-size boxes will be
deselected.
Use the mouse to adjust the cropping frame over the
prescan image to define the final scanning area. Click
on the frame of the cropping area to resize the box. The
input resolution will adjust according to the cropping
area. Click and drag the center of the area to move the
frame.
The scan settings are complete and the final scan can be made (p. 34). Once made,
scan settings remain in effect until changed.
Example 2: setting output by print size and output resolution. This example creates a
148mm X 100mm image to be printed on a 300 dpi printer.
Select millimeters from the unit list box.
Enter the output resolution of the printer in the outputresolution list box: 300.
Enter the output size; 148 for the width and 100 for the
height. Click on the output-size lock button to fix the values.
Use the mouse to adjust the cropping frame over the
prescan image to define the final scanning area. Click on
the frame of the cropping area to resize the box; the input
resolution will adjust according to the cropping area. Click
and drag the center of the area to move the frame.
The scan settings are complete and the final scan can be
made (p. 34). Once made, scan settings remain in effect
until changed.
56
ADVANCED
SCANNING
Saving scan settings as a Job
Frequently used scan settings can be saved.
With the settings to be saved in the scan setting window,
click the save Job button. The Job-registry dialog box will
open.
Select the category in which to save the settings from
the drop-down menu.
Enter the Job name. Click OK to save the settings.
The Job file name can contain up to 24 characters.
See page 57 to load a Job.
Deleting a Job
A Job file can be deleted. Once deleted, it can not be
recovered.
Click the load Job button.
Select the Job file to be deleted from the Job
categories in the selection window. Use the
keyboard delete key to erase the selected file.
Click the cancel button to close the window.
57
ADVANCED IMAGE PROCESSING
More image-processing tools
This section covers the advanced image-processing tools in the DiMAGE Scan Utility
as well as functions to view and save image corrections. The basic image-processing
section on pages 36 through 43 should be read before continuing.
Digital Grain Dissolver button (p. 59)
Digital Grain Dissolver tab (p. 59)
RGB display
Load image-correction
Job button (p. 73)
Save image-correction
Job button (p. 73)
Snapshot button (p. 69)
Unsharp-mask button (p. 72)
Selective-color button (p. 71)
Hue, saturation, and lightness button (p. 70)
Tone curve/histogram button (p. 60)
Current RGB values
Original RGB values
The RGB display will show the color values
for any point on the image; the first numbers
of each color channel indicate the original
value of the prescanned image followed by
the current value with any changes made
through processing. Simply place the mouse
pointer on the image area to see the RGB
values of that point. Pressing the shift key
(Windows) or command key (Macintosh) will
display the CMY values.
58
ADVANCED
IMAGE PROCESSING
Digital Grain Dissolver
Digital GEM reduces the effect of film grain. Grain is a sandy texture that can
sometimes be seen in smooth uniform areas of the image such as the sky. Grain is
more pronounced in fast film. The results vary with the film. Scanning time increases.
Select the image to be
processed. Click the Digital
Grain Dissolver button in the
main window to active the tab.
Click
the
Digital
Grain
Dissolver tab.
Fit-to-window button
Digital Grain Dissolver sample area
Grain-level slider
Processing-level
slider
Apply button
Prescan display
Sample display area
Set the grain-level slider to the approximate grain level of the film; the index uses an
ISO scale for reference. The actual grain depends on the specific film. Set the
processing level with the slider.
Adjust or move the Digital Grain Dissolver sample area to select the portion of the
image to be used to evaluate the grain processing. Choose a smooth uniform area for
the evaluation; skin or sky are good subjects. Click and drag the center of the area to
move it. Click and drag on the frame to resize.
Click the apply button to preview the effect on the sample area. Every time the DigitalGEM sample area is changed, or the degree of correction is adjusted, click the apply
button to view the results. The sample image can be magnified by clicking the fit-towindow button.
Click the scan button to save the final image. To turn off the Digital Grain Dissolver,
click the Digital Grain Dissolver button again.
59
Tone curve and histogram palette
Click the tone-curve/histogram button to display the palette.
Color-histogram button (p. 65)
Channel list box (p. 60)
Tone curve
Freehand curve button (p. 61)
Smooth curve button (p. 61)
White, gray, and black-point buttons (p. 68)
Apply button (p. 68)
Histogram
Input shadow, gamma, and highlight text
boxes (p. 64)
Output shadow and highlight text boxes (p. 64)
Reset button
Auto-setting button (p. 65)
Input shadow, gamma, and highlight sliders (p. 64)
Output shadow and highlight sliders (p. 64)
Using tone curves
Click the arrow next to the channel box to select
the channel from the drop-down menu.
To make adjustments to the color balance of the
image, select the appropriate color channel. To
adjust the contrast or brightness of the image
without affecting the color, select the RGB
channel.
The tone curves can be displayed with keyboard
shortcuts. While holding the control key
(Windows) or command key (Macintosh), press 0
(zero) to display the RGB channel, 1 to display
the red channel, 2 to display the green channel,
or 3 to display the blue channel.
60
ADVANCED
IMAGE PROCESSING
Place the mouse pointer over the tone curve.
Click and drag the curve. Any corrections made
on the tone curve are immediately applied to the
displayed image.
Each time the tone curve is clicked, a node is
attached to the curve. The nodes can be moved
by clicking and dragging. The horizontal axis
(input level) represents the brightness levels of
the original image, and the vertical axis (output
level) the change applied to the image.
By placing the mouse pointer on the display
image, the grey or color level of that point will be
indicated on the tone curve by a white circle.
The reset button cancels all corrections in all
channels.
Drawing tone curves by freehand
Click the freehand-curve button (1). The
mouse pointer changes to the pencil tool
when placed on the tone curve.
1
Click and drag the pointer to draw a new
curve. Extreme image manipulations are
possible with the freehand curve tool.
To smooth a rough freehand curve, click the
smooth-curve button (2). Nodes will be
automatically placed on the curve and can be
adjusted with the mouse.
2
With extreme freehand curves, the smooth
curve button may significantly change the
shape of the curve. Press the undo button to
return to the original freehand curve.
61
A short guide to tone curve corrections
Image processing is a highly specialized and difficult field that takes years of practice
to master. This basic guide to using tone curves covers a few simple procedures to
improve your pictures. For more about digital-image processing, consult your local
book dealer about self-help guides on this subject.
About the tone curve
Highlights
Output
Mid-tones
Shadows
Input
The tone curve is a graphic representation of the
brightness and color levels of the image. The bottom
axis is the 256 levels of the original image (input data)
from black to white. The vertical axis is the corrected
image (output data) with the same scale from top to
bottom.
The bottom left portion of the graph represents the dark
colors and shadow areas of the image. The middle
section represents the mid-tones: skin, grass, blue sky.
The top right section is the highlights: clouds, lights.
Changing the tone curve can affect the brightness,
contrast, and color of the image.
Bring out detail in the shadows
This is a simple technique to make a subject
hidden in the shadows brighter. Unlike the
brightness level control (p. 40), this method of
correction will not loose details in the highlight
areas of the image.
With the RGB channel selected, place the smoothcurve cursor on the center of the curve. Click and
drag the curve up. Look at the displayed image to
judge the result. The adjustment can be very small
and still have a significant impact on the image.
Moving the tone curve down will make the image
darker.
62
ADVANCED
IMAGE PROCESSING
Increasing image contrast
The contrast of an image can be changed. The light
blue 45° line on the tone-curve graph represents the
original contrast of the image. Making the angle of the
tone curve greater than 45° will increase the contrast.
Making the angle less than 45° will reduce the
contrast.
With the RGB channel
selected, click on the tone
curve near the top and bottom
to add two nodes. Slightly
move the top node up and the
bottom node down. This will
increase the angle of the
central portion of the tone
curve and increase the
contrast of the image without
making an overall change in
image brightness.
Correcting color
By selecting individual color channels on the tone curve, adjustments to the overall
color of an image can be made. This can be used to eliminate unnatural color casts or
add warmth to a picture.
If the image is too red, green, or
blue,
simply
drag
the
corresponding color-channel curve
down until the color appears
natural. If the color cast is
predominantly
one
of
the
secondary colors, cyan, magenta,
or yellow, move the curve of the
complementary color up. For
example, if the image is too yellow,
move the blue curve up, see the
color example on page 2. For
more on complementary colors,
see page 41.
63
Histogram corrections
The histogram indicates the distribution of pixels with specific brightness or color
values in the image. Using the histogram can maximize the output of the image data.
Changes made with the histogram are also displayed on the tone curve.
Input shadow slider
Input highlight slider
Input gamma slider
Input shadow text box
Input gamma text box
Input highlight text box
Output shadow slider
Output highlight slider
Output highlight text box
Output shadow text box
The color histograms can be displayed with the channel list box or with keyboard
shortcuts. While holding the control key (Windows) or command key (Macintosh),
press 0 (zero) to display the RGB channel, 1 to display the red channel, 2 to display
the green channel, or 3 to display the blue channel.
The histogram can be used to maximize the distribution of the pixels in the image. The
highlight level, shadow level, and gamma can be set manually with the sliders or text
boxes.
The gamma slider defines the mid-tones of the image. Dragging the gamma slider to
the right will darken the image, and dragging it to the left will brighten it. Similar to the
tone-curve correction described on page 62, the gamma slider allows the brightness
of the image to be adjusted without loosing image information.
The input highlight slider sets the white level. As the slider is moved to the left, an
apparent increase in contrast can be seen in the displayed image. All pixels to the right
of the slider are set to 255 and any image detail they may contain will be lost. This can
be an important tool for improving copy images of text on a white background. Uneven
illumination, or faded or stained paper can be distracting when copying text or line art.
By adjusting the white level, the imperfections of the white background can be
eliminated leaving only the darker text visible.
64
ADVANCED
IMAGE PROCESSING
The input shadow slider sets the black level. As the slider is moved to the right, an
apparent increase in contrast can be seen in the displayed image. All pixels to the left
of the slider are set to 0 and any image detail they may contain will be lost.
The black and white output levels can be adjusted. By moving the output highlight and
shadow sliders, the contrast of the image can be reduced.
Click the color-histogram button
to view the red, green, and blue
histograms.
Click the histogram RGB display
button again to close the color
histogram display.
Tone curve / histogram auto setting
The auto-setting function automatically adjusts the
tone curve and histogram to maximize image
contrast and color. The darkest pixels in the image
are set to a black level of 0, the brightest pixels are
set to a white level of 255, and the rest of the pixels
are distributed between them equally.
Click the auto-setting button. The change is
immediately reflected in the displayed image. To
view the change in the histogram, press the apply
button. Click the reset button to cancel the auto
setting.
65
A short guide to histogram corrections
This guide shows simple corrections that can be made with a histogram. Unlike the
tone curve, the histogram provides information on a specific image. This can used to
evaluate the image and make adjustments accordingly.
The histogram of the cherry blossoms shows a gap at the right and the flowers look a
little grey. This is caused by slight underexposure when the image was captured.
By moving the highlight slider to the left to set the white point to where the pixel
distribution ends, the whites become more brilliant and the contrast increases.
Konica Minolta History
On February 20th, 1962, John Glenn became the first American to orbit the Earth.
On board his Friendship 7 spacecraft was a Minolta Hi-matic camera to record that
historic event. The 4 hour, 55 minute, and 23 second flight orbited the Earth three
times at an average speed of 28,000 kph (17,500 mph).
Mr. Glenn visited our Sakai camera factory in Japan on
May 24th, 1963 to plant a palm tree to celebrate the occasion. The palm tree is still in the courtyard of the factory
and stands over eight meters tall (26ft).
The camera? It was not lost. It is on display at
the Smithsonian Institution’s National Air and
Space Museum in Washington D.C. This and
other objects from John Glenn’s Friendship 7
Mercury flight can be found in galley 210,
“Apollo to the Moon.”
66
ADVANCED
IMAGE PROCESSING
This image is flat. The pixel distribution in
the histogram reflects the low-contrast
scene. The lack of any strong shadows or
dark tones is indicated by the absence of
pixels on the left of the histogram. Most of
the detail is concentrated in a narrow range
in the mid-tones.
By moving the shadow slider to
the right to set the black level to
where the pixel distribution
begins, image contrast is
improved.
The gamma slider can be used to change the relative distribution of the tones in the
image. By moving the gamma slider to the left toward the shadows, the image
becomes lighter. By moving the gamma slider in the opposite direction, the image
becomes darker. However, unlike the brightness control in the brightness, contrast,
and color-balance palette (p. 40), details are not lost in the shadows or highlights.
67
White, gray, and black point corrections
On the tone curve / histogram palette, corrections can be made by specifying a white,
black, and gray point within the image. Locating an appropriate neutral area within the
image is critical to correctly calibrate the software. When the dropper tool is selected,
the RGB display is active and can be used to evaluate the image area. All changes
are immediately reflected in the display image.
Click the white-point button; the mouse
pointer changes to the white dropper
tool.
With the dropper tool, click on the brightest neutral
area of the image to define it as the white point. The
values of the image will be adjusted based on the
selected point. The default level for the white point is
255 for each RGB channel.
Click the black-point button.
With the dropper tool, click on the darkest
neutral area of the image to define it as the black
point. The values of the image will be adjusted based
on the selected point. The default level for the black
point is 0 for each RGB channel.
Click the gray-point button. The grey
point controls the color of the image.
With the dropper tool, click a neutral area of the
image to be defined as the gray point. The area used
to calibrate the gray point must be neutral. The
brightness level of the area is not important, but if the
area has a definite color, the image will not be color
balanced correctly.
Click and hold the apply button to show
the change on the histogram. Click the
reset button to cancel all corrections.
68
ADVANCED
IMAGE PROCESSING
Setting the white and black-point values
The white and black-point values are set to 255 and 0 for each RGB level. Changing
these values allow the calibration of an image with no true white or black.
Double-click on either the white-point or black-point
button to activate the point-value-setting dialog box.
Enter the new white-point or black-point values. Click
OK.
With the point-value-setting dialog box open, the
mouse pointer can be used to measure the color of
any point on the displayed image. The RGB display
shows the original values for the image on the left
and the current values for the image on the right.
Calibrate the image as described in the white, black, and gray point corrections
section.
Tracking image corrections - Snapshot button
Image corrections can be stored temporarily as a thumbnail next to the displayed
image. Simply click the snapshot button on the tool bar to create a thumbnail with the
current image corrections.
To return to a previous
image correction, click on
the corresponding snapshot
thumbnail. The thumbnail
image will replace the
displayed
image.
The
number of snapshots that
can be made is only limited
by the computer memory. To
delete a snapshot, click on
the thumbnail and press the
keyboard delete key.
Snapshot display area
69
Hue, saturation, and lightness palette
This palette adjusts the image in reference to the HSB color model. These controls
can be used to manipulate the color image rather than producing a realistic
representation.
The HSB color model defines color based upon human perception rather than
photographic processes. Hue refers to each separate color in the model. Saturation is
how vivid each colors is. Lightness describes how bright or dark a color is in the color
space.
The hue control is not a color balancing tool. It is a creative tool. When changing hue
in the palette, each color is assigned a new hue depending on the degree of rotation
through the color space. For example, a very simple color space could have three
colors: red, green, and blue. I have a red barn next to a green tree with a blue sky.
Now I rotate the image in the color space; the colors are reassigned a new hue based
on the position - the barn is green, the tree is blue, and the sky is red. The HSB color
space is similar, but with many more hues; see the color example on page 99.
Unlike the brightness control in the brightness, contrast, color balance palette, the
lightness control does not change the apparent density of the colors equally. For
example, with an extreme increase in lightness, blue will not appear as light as yellow.
Click the hue, saturation, and lightness button to
open the palette.
Drag the hue, saturation, or lightness slider, or
enter specific values in the corresponding text box
to make corrections; changes will be reflected in
the display image. Dragging each slider to the
right or inputting a positive number in the text box
increases the saturation, and lightness. The hue
slider rotates the colors in the image through the
color space; the maximum position to the right
(180°) is the same as the maximum position to the
left (–180°). Click the reset button to cancel any
changes.
Original color space
New color space
Two color samples are displayed at the bottom of the palette. The top bar indicates the
color space of the original image. The bottom bar displays the relative changes to the
color space.
Clicking the auto-setting button adjusts the saturation automatically without affecting
the hue or lightness. Click the reset button to cancel any changes.
70
ADVANCED
IMAGE PROCESSING
Selective-color palette
Selective-color correction is an advanced technique to refine the colors in the image.
A cyan, magenta, yellow, and black channel can be used to adjust the six separate
color groups in the image: red, green, blue, cyan, magenta, and yellow. The blacklevel slider controls the brightness of the selected color group.This type of correction
is effective in changing a specific color without influencing any of the other colors in
the image. For example, if the sky looks purplish instead of blue, magenta can be
reduced in the blue color group. See page 2 for a selective-color example.
Click the selective-color button to open
the palette.
Select the color group to be corrected from the drop-down
menu at the top of the window.
Drag a slider or enter a value in a text box to adjust the
selected color group. More than one slider can be used to
adjust the selected color. Changes will be reflected in the
display image. Click the reset button to cancel any
changes.
About RGB and CMY
The RGB color model is an additive process that uses the primary colors of light: red,
green, and blue. An additive color system mixes the three colors to recreate the entire
spectrum of light. If all three colors are mixed, white light is produced. Television sets
and computer monitors use RGB to create images.
The CMY color model is a subtractive process that uses the secondary colors: cyan,
magenta, and yellow. A subtractive color system recreates color with pigments and
dyes to absorb unwanted color. If all three colors are mixed, black is produced. Filmbased photography is a subtractive process. Printing technology is also a subtractive
process, but, unlike photographic systems, it requires a black channel (K). Because of
the imperfections of printing inks, cyan, magenta, and yellow cannot produce a true
black when mixed, printers use what is called a four-color process (CMYK) to
reproduce images.
71
Unsharp mask
The unsharp mask sharpens edges in the image without affecting overall image
contrast. This mask can be used with soft or slightly out-of-focus images. The effect of
the unsharp mask is very subtle, but makes a significant improvement to the overall
appearance of the image.
Click the unsharp-mask button to open the
unsharp-mask dialog box.
Drag the sliders or enter values in the text
boxes to adjust the parameters of the mask.
The full effect of the unsharp mask cannot be
evaluated in the prescan image. It can only be
judged in the final scan.
The result of the unsharp mask differs with
image resolution. Make several scans with
slight changes to the output resolution until
the intended result is produced. Clicking the
reset button restores the default settings.
With mask
Amount: to adjust the contrast of the mask between
0% and 500%. If the value is too high, pixilation will
be apparent; the image becomes noticeably rough or
grainy. 150% to 200% is recommended for highquality printed images.
Radius: to increase the edge sharpness of the
pixels. The radius can be adjusted between 0.1 and
5. The default setting is 1. Changes to the radius are
more apparent on printed images than images
displayed on a monitor. A level of 1 to 2 is
recommended for high-quality printed images.
Original image
Threshold level: adjusted in integers between 0 and 255. The default setting is 2.
If the difference between the surrounding pixels is greater than the threshold level,
that pixel is recognized as a sharp subject pixel. When the level is set to 0, the
whole image is corrected. The threshold level can separate smooth or even areas
from edges and detailed areas to be sharpened.
Shadow protection level: to limit the sharp subject pixels in the shadows. The
level can be adjusted in integers between 0 and 255. The default setting is 16.
When the luminance level is greater than the shadow protection level, that pixel is
recognized as a sharp pixel.
72
ADVANCED
IMAGE PROCESSING
Saving image corrections
All corrections applied to an image can be saved as an image-correction Job. The Job
can be loaded into the utility at any time and applied to different images. This is a timesaving function when a large number of images need too be processed with the same
correction settings.
Click the save image-correction Job button to save the
current image-correction settings.
Enter the Job name. Click OK to save the
settings.
Loading image-correction Jobs
Display the image to be corrected in the image-correction
tab. Click the load image-correction Job button to load a
saved image-correction settings.
Click on an image-correction Job thumbnail to
select it. Click OK to apply the Job to the
displayed image. Jobs are loaded into the
snapshot display area; simply click on the
thumbnail to apply the image-correction Job.
Multiple Jobs can be loaded.
To delete a Job, open the load window and
highlight the Job to be deleted. Press the
keyboard delete button to erase the file.
73
CUSTOM WIZARD
The Custom Wizard is an automated
scanning routine. Screens vary with
scanner model.
Insert a film holder into the scanner. Click
the Custom Wizard button.
On the Custom-Wizard-setting dialog box, select
New from the Custom Wizard settings. Click the
next button.
If previous Custom Wizard settings have been
saved, they will be displayed in this window. To use
any settings, simply select it with the mouse. The
delete button erases the selected setting.
Set up the dialog box for the film and holder in use.
Select the frame number(s) of the images to be
scanned. The frame number refers to the frame
number of the holder or, in the case of the optional
APS adapter, the film frame numbers.
Click the next button to continue.
Select scanning preferences in the dialog box. Click
the next button to continue.
For information on the preference settings, see
page 44. For information on color matching, refer to
page 80.
Enter scan settings. Click the next button to
continue.
See pages 34 and 54 for details on Jobs and
manual scan settings. See page 33 for information
on auto-cropping. The auto-cropping function will
take priority over any scan settings entered.
74
CUSTOM
WIZARD
Make any adjustments to the scanner exposure.
Previously saved settings can be loaded. See page
46 for more information. Click the next button to
continue.
Select specific image processing. Pixel Polish
cannot be used with black and white film. Click the
next button to continue.
For more on Auto Dust Brush (p. 38), Digital Grain
Dissolver (p. 59), and Pixel Polish (p. 37) refer to the
descriptions in the manual.
Select image-correction settings. Click the next
button to continue.
Image corrections can be made by loading an
image-correction Job (p. 73). The auto-setting
functions makes automatic corrections: the tone
curve and histogram setting improves color and
contrast: the brightness, contrast, and color-balance
setting improves contrast and brightness: the hue,
saturation, and lightness setting improves
saturation.
Click the save button to save the Custom
Wizard settings. Enter the file name in the
save window and click OK. The next time
the Custom Wizard is used, those settings
can be selected in the Custom Wizard
setting dialog box.
Click the start button to begin automatic
scanning. When scanning multiple
images, a serial number is added
automatically.
75
BATCH SCAN UTILITY
The Batch Scan Utility is for scanning a large volume of images. This utility
automatically scans, processes, and saves all the images in a film holder. The Batch
Scan Utility is opened with the DiMAGE Scan launcher, see page 22.
To set up the batch scan,
click the Batch Scan
Settings button in the
launcher window. Confirm
the scanner front door is
closed and there is holder
inserted as the scanner will
initialize.
Select the 35mm or APS cassette tab. The film type is
selected with the drop-down menu. When making Batch
Scans, different film types cannot be mixed.
From the usage drop-down list, select the appropriate option. The output size and
resolution can also be specified using a Job. Click the Job load button to open the Job
selection dialog box. For more on Jobs, see page 34.
To select Auto Dust Brush, Pixel Polish, and Digital Grain Dissolver image processing,
click the appropriate buttons. Refer to the appropriate sections in the manual for
information on Auto Dust Brush (p. 38), Pixel Polish (p. 37), and Digital Grain Dissolver
(p. 59). The parameters of this functions can be changed with the Batch Scan setup
dialog box, see page 78.
76
BATCH
SCAN UTILITY
To select the destination of the scanned images. Click the view button to open the filedestination dialog box. Use the folder tree to locate the folder in which to save the files.
Click the folder to select it. Click the OK button to complete the operation. The
destination will be displayed in the setting window.
To select file names. The automatic option names files based on the date and time of
the scan; the file name begins with DS followed sets of two registers to indicate the
year, month, day, hour, minute, and second. DS040523134510 was scanned in 2004
on May 23rd at 1:45pm and 10 seconds. The hour registers are based on a 24-hour
clock. The manual option uses the name entered in the text box plus a four digit serial
number which is automatically added.
Click the OK button to complete the operation. For advanced Batch Scan setup, see
the following page.
When the Batch Scan Utility button in the launcher
window is clicked, the scanner will initialize. When the
set-holder message appears, insert the holder into the
scanner; all the frames in the holder will be scanned
and saved, and the holder will be ejected
automatically.
To scan another batch, change the film in the holder
and reinsert it into the scanner. Click the Batch Scan
Utility button to begin scanning. The scanner only
initializes before the first holder is scanned.
If the Batch Scan Utility is allocated to the Quick Scan button with the drop-down menu
at the bottom of the launcher, the first time the Quick Scan button is pressed the
scanner initializes and then the message to insert the holder is displayed. To scan
subsequent holders, simply insert the holder and press the Quick Scan button.
77
Advanced Batch Scan setup
Click the show information button in the
Batch Scan settings dialog box to view the
current status. Click the button again to hide
the display.
To change the advanced settings, click the
Batch Scan setup button to open the setup
dialog box.
To change scanner preferences.
For more on the preferences dialog box, see
page 44. For information on color matching,
see page 80.
To crop the image automatically and to set
the output size and resolution. Select the
35mm or APS cassette tab to make
settings.
See page 33 for information on auto
cropping. See page 54 through 57 on how
to make and save scan settings.
Scanner notes
When saving Batch Scan images in the JPEG format, if the file width exceed 4096
pixels, the file will be saved in the TIFF format automatically.
78
BATCH
SCAN UTILITY
To control the scanner exposure.
See page 46 on how to make and save
exposure settings.
To set the parameters for Auto Dust Brush
(p. 38), Pixel Polish (p. 37), and Digital
Grain Dissolver (p. 59) image processing.
To apply image processing to the scanned
images.
See page 73 on image-correction Jobs.
The auto-setting functions automatically
correct the scanned image: the tone curve
and histogram setting improves color and
contrast: the brightness, contrast, and colorbalance setting improves contrast and
brightness: the hue, saturation, and
lightness setting improves saturation.
79
COLOR MATCHING
Each output device (monitor or printer) defines color and contrast differently. To ensure
the reproduction of the image on the monitor matches the reproduction of the image
from the printer, the color space for both devices must be defined. Color matching is
activated in the preferences box. Color matching increases the scanning time.
The DiMAGE Scan color matching function matches the scanned color with specified
color spaces. The color matching system can use the monitor’s ICC profile to display
the image as accurately as possible.
Click the preferences button to
access
the
color-matching
function.
Color-matching-on check box
Color-space list box
Use-ICC-profile check box
ICC-profile text box
Load ICC-profile button
Setting the output color space
Click the color-matching-on check
box.
Select the output color space from
the color-space drop-down menu.
See the following page for
descriptions of the color spaces.
80
COLOR
MATCHING
Output color spaces
The choice of output color space depends on how the image will be reproduced. For
most personal use where the image is displayed on a monitor or printed with a small
printer, sRGB color space is adequate. Other color spaces have been included for
professional and technical applications. For recommendations for color space use,
see page 83.
sRGB
This color space reflects the average PC monitor
characteristics, and is considered the standard for multi-media
and Internet usage. sRGB is not suitable for professional
prepress applications because of its narrow reproduction
range.
Apple RGB
Widely used in DTP and is the standard color space in many
common graphic arts and design applications: Adobe
Illustrator, Photoshop, etc.
SMPTE-C
The current television broadcasting standard used in the
United States.
PAL/SECAM
The current television broadcasting standard used in Europe.
ColorMatch RGB
This standard has a wide gamut and is ideal for use with
Radius Press View monitors, which are commonly used in
prepress production.
Adobe RGB
This color space is wider than ColorMatch RGB. The extensive
color range makes it ideal for prepress use. However, the
range is so great that it includes many colors that cannot be
printed with a four-color printing process.
Wide-gamut RGB
Utilizing the color coordinates of the spectrum, this standard
offers an extreme range of colors. However, most of the colors
that can be generated cannot be reproduced on standard
computer monitors or by printing technology.
NTSC
The current television broadcasting standard used in Japan.
CIE RGB
This color space is defined by the CIE (Commission
Internationale d’Eclairage).
Monitor RGB
This color space is defined by the monitor’s ICC profile. See
setting the monitor ICC profile section on page 82.
81
Setting the monitor ICC profile
The ICC profile for a specific monitor can be specified in the color-matching section of
the Preferences dialog box. Refer to the monitor instruction manual for the profile
name.
Click the use-monitor-ICC-profile check box.
Click the load ICC-profile button. The operating
system’s file-open dialog box will open.
Locate and open the ICC profile for the monitor
in use. The selected profile will be displayed in
the preferences window. Click OK in the
preferences window to set the ICC profile.
Monitor ICC profiles are located in the same folder as the scanner color profiles, see
below. When using Mac OS X, the monitor profiles are in the following location:
[Library] -> [ColorSync] -> [Profiles] -> [Displays].
Scanner color profiles
When installing the DiMAGE Scan Utility software, scanner color profiles will be
automatically installed. These profiles have been included for advanced color
matching with profile-to-profile conversions in sophisticated image-processing or DTP
applications. Refer to the scanner notes section of the hardware manual for the profile
for a specific scanner model.
Windows
(98, 98SE, Me) Windows
System
Color
Windows
(2000)
WINNT
System32
Spool
Drivers
Color
Windows
(XP)
Windows
System32
Spool
Drivers
Color
82
COLOR
MATCHING
MLTF3200.icc
MLTF3200p.icc
Mac OS 8/9
System
ColorSync profile
Users
(User logon
name)
MLTF3200.icc
MLTF3200p.icc
Mac OS X
Library
ColorSync Profiles
Color matching recommendations
The following are recommendations for output color space and monitor ICC-profile
settings with image-processing applications. Some applications, such as Adobe
Photoshop 5 or later, have a monitor correction display function which automatically
corrects the monitor display to a specific color space.
Output Color Space: select the same color space as set in the application. With
Photoshop 5.0 or later, look in the color-setting option in the file menu for the profile
setup window.
ICC Profile: Use the profile for the monitor in use.
When using an application without a monitor correction display function such as
Photoshop Elements, or when the function is disabled:
Output Color Space: Monitor RGB
ICC Profile: Use the profile for the monitor in use.
The ICC profile for a specific monitor should be available from the manufacturer.
These may be downloaded from the manufacturer’s web site. See the monitor’s
instruction manual on how to install the ICC profile.
Color monitor ICC profiles can be created with one of the profile creation tools on the
market. They can also be created with the monitor-adjustment-assistant function
installed in a Macintosh operating system, or with Adobe gamma included in Adobe
Photoshop 5 or later for Windows.
83
AUTO DUST BRUSH PLUG-IN
Before installing the plug-in
Install the scanner utility software and then open one of the applications with the
scanner unit attached to the computer and scan an image. This procedure allows the
Auto Dust Brush plug-in to be used.
If the plug-in is to be used with Adobe Photoshop Elements 2.0, install the software
before installing the plug-in.
When using the plug-in with Windows or Mac OS 8.6 ~ 9.2.2 operating systems, the
memory allocated to the host software must at least three times the size of the
scanned image file. When using Mac OS, this memory is in addition to the memory
requirements for the software and operating system.
Installation - Windows
Insert the DiMAGE Scan Dual IV CDROM into the CD-ROM drive. The
DiMAGE Scan Dual IV setup screen will
open.
Click the “Starting up the Auto Dust Brush
Plug-in installer” button. The program
decompression screen appears briefly.
The Install Shield Wizard starts
automatically.
The opening screen of the InstallShield
Wizard appears. Click the next button to
continue.
84
AUTO
DUST BRUSH PLUG-IN
Click the yes button to accept the
agreement and continue. Read the entire
agreement carefully before continuing. If
you do not agree to the terms of the
license agreement, click the no button to
exit the setup program.
To install the plug-in in the displayed
destination folder, click Next.
To install the software in another folder,
click the browse button to display the
folder selection window. Specify the
directory in which to install the software,
then click OK.
The InstallShield Wizard will indicate that
installation was successful.
To use the plug-in, see page 88.
85
Installation - Macintosh
If the Auto Dust Brush plug-in was installed,
simply drag and drop the plug-in file into an
image-processing application’s plug-in filter
folder. This will allow the plug-in to be used in
that application. To use the plug-in, see page
88.
If the plug-in was not installed with the scanner
software, repeat the installation procedure on
page 14. In the custom install screen, only
select the Auto Dust Brush plug-in for
installation.
The location to install the plug-in can be
specified, but it will be placed in a folder titled,
“DS Dual4.”
86
AUTO
DUST BRUSH PLUG-IN
Using the Auto Dust Brush plug-in
Open an image in the
application with the Auto Dust
Brush plug-in. Only RGB and
grayscale images can be
processed.
Using the area marquee, select
the area within the image to be
retouched. If no area is
selected, the Auto Dust Brush
is applied to the entire image.
Processing time is proportional
to the size of the selected area.
Select Auto dust Brush from the
DiMAGE Scan option in the
filter menu.
The selected image area is
displayed in the preview
display. Adjust the Auto Dust
Brush parameters to retouch
the image.
See the following page for a
description of the plug-in
controls.
87
Film type: the type of film scanned must be specified. Dust on positive or slide film is
shown as dark spots. On negative or print film, the dust is seen as white spots.
Processing level: the degree of processing can be specified.
Dust threshold size: the processing can be limited to a certain size of image artifacts
caused by dust. The value displayed in the text box is in pixels. Processing is not
applied to image elements larger then the specified value.
Fine control: by clicking on the check box, the slider and text box can be used to
make fine adjustments to the current settings.
Preview: click the check box to display the effect of Auto Dust Brush processing on
the preview image.
Magnification buttons: to enlarge or reduce the preview image. Click and drag on the
image to scroll.
Click the OK button to apply the settings to the image. The cancel button closes the
window without apply the changes.
88
AUTO
DUST BRUSH PLUG-IN
APPENDIX
Glossary of common terms
Contrast
Contrast adjusts the relationship between the light and dark areas
of the image. Increasing the contrast will make the highlights
brighter and the shadows darker. Increasing the contrast can also
increase the apparent sharpness of the image.
Grain
Film uses tiny silver-halide crystals to record light. When developed,
these crystals create a subtle texture to the image known as grain.
The degree of grain depends on the film, image density, and image
detail.
Highlights
Highlights refer to the bright tones in the image. If the highlights are
too bright, image detail is lost. If the highlights are too dark, the
image looks flat and dull.
Hue
A hue is a specific color.
Mid-tones
Mid-tones are the range of tones between the highlights and
shadows.
Pixels
Pixel derives from the words picture element. A pixel is the smallest
point used to create an image.
Resolution
Resolution indicates the number of pixels used in an image. Print
resolutions are usually given in dpi (dots per inch). Monitor
resolution indicates the maximum horizontal and vertical
dimensions in pixels of the display.
Saturation
Saturation refers to how vivid the colors of an image are.
Shadows
Shadows refer to the dark tones in the image. If the shadows are too
light, the dark areas look smokey and flat. If the shadows are too
dark, image details are lost.
89
Uninstalling the DiMAGE Scan Software
When using Windows, select Remove DiMAGE Scan
Dual4 from the Minolta DiMAGE Scan folder in the
program option of the start menu. Simply follow the
instructions in the windows to complete the operation.
To uninstall the DiMAGE Scan software
from a Macintosh computer, place the
DiMAGE Scan CD-ROM in the CD-ROM
drive repeat the installation procedure, but
select uninstall from the pop-up menu in
the installer dialog box. Confirm the
location of the software. Click the uninstall
button to remove the software from the
computer.
90
APPENDIX
Installed files and folders
The following files and folders are installed in the computer system at the same time
as the DiMAGE Scan Utility application software. For the location and names of the
installed scanner profiles, see page 82.
Windows
Twain.dll
Twain32.dll
Twunk_16.exe
Twunk_32.exe
Windows
(98, Me, XP)
OR
WINNT
(2000)
System
or
System 32
Twain_32
MCMLDS.dll
MFSBaseLib2891.dll
MFSLib2891.dll
MFSIFLib2891.dll
MFS002.clp*
Pfudsrv.dll
PQueen20.dll
Files marked with an asterisk
(*) are installed with the DS
Dual4 Launcher.
DS_Dual4
Mac OS 8/9
System
Preferences
Extensions
Mac OS X
Library
Users
CFMSupport
(User logon name)
DS_Dual4
DS Dual4 Driver
MFSButton Monitor2891*
MCM Library DS
MFSBaseLib2891
MFSLib2891
MFSIFLib2891
Pfudsrv.Shlb
PQueen20Lib
MFSButton Monitor2891* PQueen20Lib
MFSIOUsb2891.bundle
MCM Library DS
MFSBaseLib2891
MFSLib2891
MFSIFLib2891
Pfudsrv.Shlb
Library
Preferences
DS_Dual4
91
Job file list
Jobs can be used to make scan settings based on the final use of the image. See
making-the-final-scan section on page 34. The following charts list the parameters of
the scanner’s Job files:
APS
92
APPENDIX
35mm
93
TROUBLESHOOTING
This section covers minor problems with scanner operation. For major problems or
damage, or if a problem continues to reoccur frequently, contact your dealer or a
konica Minolta service facility.
SYMPTOM or MESSAGE
SOLUTION
When starting up the utility software,
could-not-confirm-scanner-connection
message appears.
Confirm the cable is securely connected between
the computer and scanner. Turn the scanner off
and on. Click OK to continue.
When starting up the utility software,
close-scanner-door message appears.
Close the scanner door. Click OK to continue.
• The utility software freezes.
• The scanning time increases.
Turn off the scanner. Shut down the imageprocessing application and increase its memory
allocation. Restart the computer and scanner.
Unusual image color when scanning
color negative film.
Confirm color negative film is selected in the
main window, and rescan the image, or color
balance the image using the DiMAGE Scan’s
image-processing tools. If the problem is not
solved, reinstall the DiMAGE Scan Utility.
The scanned image is not sharp.
Select an autofocus option in the preference
dialog box, or use point AF or manual focus.
Images not sharp when using the manual
focus dial. Slider displayed in the manual
focus dialog box.
Turn the manual focus dial function on in the
preference dialog box.
Cannot-verify-home-position message
appears during scanning.
The film holder was hindered during the scan.
Turn off the scanner, and restart the computer.
The scanner indicator lamp blinks rapidly.
The scanner door was opened during setup.
Close the door, and shut down and restart the
scanner and DiMAGE Scan Utility.
The set-holder message appears.
Reload the holder into the scanner.
The holder-does-not-match-selected-film
message appears.
Set the correct film format in the DiMAGE Scan
Utility or insert the correct holder into the
scanner.
The insufficient-memory message
appears.
Increase the memory requirements for the host
application. If multiple images have been
scanned, close and relaunch the host application.
The DiMAGE Scan preview image
displays unusual color reproduction.
Remove the film holder and close the scanner
door. Press shift+control+I (Windows) or
command+control+I (Macintosh) to initialize the
scanner.
94
TROUBLESHOOTING
Checking software installation - Windows
If the scanner was connected to the computer before the DiMAGE Scan Utility was
installed, the computer may not recognize the scanner unit. Use the following
instructions to confirm the driver was installed correctly:
1.Windows 98, 2000, Me: right click on the My-computer icon. Select “properties” from
the drop-down menu.
Windows XP: from the start menu go to the control panel. Click on the performance
and maintenance category. Click the system button to open the system properties
window.
2.Windows 2000 and XP: select the hardware tab in the properties window and click
the device-manager button.
Windows 98 and Me: click the device-manager tab in the properties window.
3.The driver file should be located in the imaging-device location of the device
manager. Click on the location to display the files. DS_Dual4 should be listed as the
imaging device.
If the file are not located in the imaging-device location, open the other-devices
location of the device manager. If DS_Dual4 is listed, use the following instructions to
delete the driver:
1.Click on the driver to select it for deletion.
2.Windows 2000 and XP: click on the action button to display the drop-down menu.
Select uninstall. A confirmation screen will appear. Clicking the yes button will
remove the driver from the system.
Windows 98 and Me: click the remove button. A confirmation screen will appear.
Clicking the yes button will remove the driver from the system.
3.Restart the computer. Confirm the driver is in the proper location using the
instructions at the top of the page.
When the scanner is initially connected to a computer with a Windows 98, 98SE, or
2000 Professional operating system, the found-new-hardware wizard will appear
briefly. No action is required. With Windows 2000, the “Digital Signature Not Found…”
message may appear. Click the yes button to complete the scanner installation.
When the scanner is initially connected to a computer with a Windows XP operating
system, the found-new-hardware wizard will appear. Click the next button. The “not
passed Windows Logo testing” message appears. Click the continue-anyway button
to complete the scanner installation.
95
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Scan type:
Film type:
Film formats:
Scanning dimensions:
Optical input resolution:
Image sensor:
A/D conversion:
Color depth:
Dynamic range:
Light source:
Focusing:
Interface:
Power consumption:
Dimensions (W x H x D):
Weight (approx.):
Operating environment:
Storage environment:
Scan times (approx.):
Test conditions:
Moving film, fixed sensor, single-pass scan
Negative and positive, color and monochrome
35mm and APS film.
35mm - 24.76 x 37.14mm (3120 x 4680 pixels)
APS - 17.33 x 30.09mm (2184 x 3782 pixels)
3200 dpi
3-line primary-color CCD with 5340 pixels/line
16 bit
8 bit and 16 bit per color channel
3.6
3-wavelength cold cathode fluorescent tube
Autofocus, point AF, and manual focus
USB 2.0 (USB 1.1 compatible)
Max. 30 W
145 x 100 x 326 mm
5.7 x 3.9 x 12.8 in
1.5 kg / 3.3 lb
10° - 35°C (50° - 95°F), 15-80% humidity without
condensation
-20° - 60°C (-4° - 140°F), 15-80% humidity without
condensation
Prescan: 6 sec. (Windows), 8 sec. (Macintosh)
Scan: 21 seconds
Scanning time changes according to the
preferences used. Scanning time can be longer for
negative film than positive film.
Slide Mount Holder, Color positive film, no
autoexposure, no image correction, 3200dpi 8-bit
scan.
Windows: Pentium IV 3.2 GHz, Windows XP
Professional, 1.0GB RAM, 86GB hard disk space,
built-in USB 2.0 port, Adobe Photoshop ver. 7.0.1.
Macintosh: PowerPC G5 1.8 GHz, Mac OS X
10.3.1, 512MB RAM, 16GB hard disk space, Apple
USB 2.0 port, Adobe Photoshop ver. 7.0.1.
Specifications are based on the latest information available at the time of printing and
are subject to change without notice.
96
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Technical support
Please contact your dealer for information regarding installation, USB interface
recommendations, or application compatibility. If your dealer is unable to help you,
contact an authorized Konica Minolta service facility. Please have the following
information ready when calling Konica Minolta technical support:
1.
2.
3.
4.
The name and model of your computer and operating system.
The available application RAM and hard disk space.
Other connected USB devices.
DiMAGE Scan Utility version number. The version number is displayed by
placing the mouse pointer on the status bar in the main window.
5. A description of the problem.
6. Any message that appears on the screen when the problem occurs.
7. The frequency of occurrence.
Warranty and product registration
Please take the time to fill in the warranty and product registration card. Technical
support, scanner software upgrades, and product information is available when the
product is registered.
Record keeping
Keeping records when scanning is important. It allows for results to be reproduced as
well as a good reference for settings when new images are scanned. Records are also
a useful learning tool; they document both successes and failures.
The data sheet on the following page may be copied and used to record scanner
settings. Details on the film, exposure, and any special filters or processing used can
be noted.
97
Image Data Sheet
Image:
Date:
Film:
Exposure:
Filtration:
Image processing
Image-correction Job:
Brightness, contrast, &
color balance palette
Brightness:
Hue, saturation & lightness palette
Hue:
Contrast:
Red:
Unsharp mask
Selective-color palette
Amount:
Cyan:
R/ G/ B/ C/ M/ Y/
Saturation:
Radius:
Magenta:
R/ G/ B/ C/ M/ Y/
Lightness:
Threshold:
Yellow
R/ G/ B/ C/ M/ Y/
Shadow:
Black:
R/ G/ B/ C/ M/ Y/
Green:
Blue:
Auto Dust Brush:
Exposure control
Exposure-control setting file:
Master:
Red:
Scan settings
Job name:
Input resolution:
Output resolution:
Color matching
Preferences
Pixel Polish:
Blue:
Input size (W):
Input size (H):
Magnification:
Output size (W):
Output size (H):
Unit:
Color space:
Auto exposure:
ICC profile:
Color depth:
Konica Minolta
APPENDIX
Digital Grain Dissolver:
Green:
Notes:
98
Processing:
Multi-sample scan:
Hue corrections
Changes in hue rotate the original
color values though a color space
and reassigns a new hue based on
the new position in that space. In
this example, the original image
was rotated 180°. For more on the
hue, saturation, and brightness
palette, see page 70.
Saturation
Lightness
Hue
Original color space
New color space
Two color spaces are displayed at
the bottom of the palette. The top
bar indicates the color space of the
original image. The bottom bar
displays the relative shift to the
Original color space. In the
example, the reds have been
shifted to green and the yellows to
lavender.
99
© 2003 Konica Minolta Camera, Inc. under the Berne Convention
and the Universal Copyright Convention.
9222-2891-11 AV-A312
Printed in Taiwan
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