Roline Cable/DSL Router User manual

Roline Cable/DSL Router User manual
802.11g Wireless Broadband Router
Model # AR335W
User’s Manual
Ver. 1A
Table of Contents
1. Introduction................................................................................................................................. 4
2. Connecting the Router ................................................................................................................ 5
3. Verifying Connection to the Router............................................................................................ 6
4. Configuring the Router ............................................................................................................... 9
Cable Modem............................................................................................................................ 10
DSL ........................................................................................................................................... 10
5. Connecting to the Router Wirelessly ........................................................................................ 12
6. Web Configuration Utility ........................................................................................................ 13
6.1 Setup ................................................................................................................................... 13
6.1.1 Internet Setup ................................................................................................................... 13
6.1.2 Network Setup ................................................................................................................. 14
6.1.3 DDNS............................................................................................................................... 15
6.1.4 Time Settings ................................................................................................................... 16
6.2. Wireless.............................................................................................................................. 17
6.2.1 Basic Wireless Settings.................................................................................................... 17
6.2.2 Wireless Security ............................................................................................................. 18
WEP ...................................................................................................................................... 18
WPA-PSK/WP2-PSK ........................................................................................................... 19
WPA with RADIUS.............................................................................................................. 20
6.2.3 Wireless MAC Filter........................................................................................................ 21
6.2.4 Advanced Wireless Settings ............................................................................................ 22
6.3 Security ............................................................................................................................... 23
6.3.1 Firewall ............................................................................................................................ 23
6.3.2 VPN Passthrough ............................................................................................................. 23
6.4 Access Restrictions ............................................................................................................. 24
6.4.1 IP Filters........................................................................................................................... 24
6.4.2 MAC Filters ..................................................................................................................... 25
6.4.3 URL Blocking.................................................................................................................. 26
6.4.4 Domain Blocking ............................................................................................................. 27
6.4.5 Schedule........................................................................................................................... 28
6.5 Applications & Gaming ...................................................................................................... 29
6.5.1 Port Range Forwarding .................................................................................................... 29
6.5.2 Port Range Triggering...................................................................................................... 30
6.5.3 DMZ................................................................................................................................. 31
6.6 Administration .................................................................................................................... 32
6.6.1 Management..................................................................................................................... 32
6.6.2 Log ................................................................................................................................... 33
6.6.3 Diagnostics....................................................................................................................... 34
6.6.4 Factory Defaults............................................................................................................... 35
6.6.5 Firmware Upgrade ........................................................................................................... 36
6.6.6 Restart .............................................................................................................................. 37
6.7 Status................................................................................................................................... 38
6.7.1 Router............................................................................................................................... 38
2
6.7.2 Local Network ................................................................................................................. 39
6.7.3 Wireless Network............................................................................................................. 40
7. Troubleshooting ........................................................................................................................ 41
Federal Communication Commission Interference Statement ..................................................... 42
Industry Canada Statement ........................................................................................................... 43
Technical Support ......................................................................................................................... 44
3
1. Introduction
Congratulations on your purchase of this 802.11g Wireless Broadband Router. This
product is specifically designed for Small Office and Home Office needs. It provides a
complete SOHO solution for Internet surfing and is easy to configure and operate even
for non-technical users. Instructions for installing and configuring this product can be
found in this manual. Before you install and use this product, please read this manual
carefully for proper operation of this product.
Basic Functions
• Compliant to IEEE 802.11g and 802.11b
Supports up to 54Mbps* data rate
• NAT Routing
Connects multiple computers with wire or wirelessly to a broadband (cable or
DSL) modem to surf the Internet.
• Auto-Sensing Ethernet Switch
Equipped with a 4-port auto-sensing Ethernet switch.
• Firewall
All unwanted packets from outside intruders are blocked to protect your Intranet.
• DHCP Server Supported
All of the networked computers can retrieve TCP/IP settings automatically from
this product.
• Web-Based Configuration
Configurable through any networked computer’s web browser using Netscape or
Internet Explorer.
Security Functions
•
•
•
VPN Pass-Through
Support VPN pass-through.
SPI Mode Supported
When SPI Mode is enabled, the router will check every incoming packet to
determine if the packet is valid.
Wireless Security
WEP, WPA, WPA2, and Wireless MAC Filter
Advanced Functions
•
•
•
•
•
Multiple administrators
Detailed logging
UPNP (Universal Plug-and-Play) Supported
WMM
DDNS
4
2. Connecting the Router
Note: Prior to connecting the router, be sure to power off your computer, DSL/Cable
modem, and the router. You should setup the router with a wired connection first before
attempting to setup any wireless connection.
Step 1 Connect one end of a network cable to the WAN port of the router and connect
the other end of the cable to the DSL/Cable modem.
Step 2 With another network cable, connect one end of the cable to your computer’s
network card and connect the other end to one of the LAN (Ethernet) ports of the router.
Step 3 Power on the DSL/Cable modem and wait for the lights on the modem to settle
down.
Step 4 Power on the router by connecting one end of the supplied power adapter to the
power jack of the router and connecting the other end to an electrical outlet.
Step 5 Power on your computer.
Step 6 Make sure the WAN, WLAN, and the LAN port that the computer is connected
to are lit. If not, try the above steps again.
5
3. Verifying Connection to the Router
Step 1 Go to Start, Run, type command (for Windows 95/98/ME) or cmd (for Windows
2000/XP) and click OK. You will see the command prompt as below.
Step 2 Type ping 192.168.1.1 and press Enter. You should get four reply responses
back.
Step 3 If you get Request timed out, or Destination host unreachable, double-check
the network cable connection between the computer and the router and try Step 2 again.
If you still encounter problem, go to the next step; otherwise proceed to Section 4,
Configuring the Router.
Step 4 For Windows 2000/XP, type ipconfig/release and press Enter.
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Step 5 Type ipconfig/renew and press Enter. You should get an IP address of
192.168.1.x (where x is a number between 2 - 254). Proceed to Section 4, Configure
the Router. If you don’t get an IP address, reset the router by holding in the reset
button on the back of the router for 10 seconds while it is ON and try ipconfig/renew
again.
Step 6 For Windows 95/98/ME go to Start, Run, type winipcfg and click OK.
Step 7 Select your network card from the drop-down menu and click Release.
7
Step 8 After your IP address is released, click Renew. You should get an IP address of
192.168.1.x (where x is a number between 2 - 254). If you don’t get an IP address,
reset the router by holding in the reset button on the back of the router for 10 seconds
while it is ON and try Renew again.
8
4. Configuring the Router
Step 1 Open the web browser and type 192.168.1.1 in the URL Address field and press
Enter.
Step 2 Enter admin for both the username and password fields and click Login.
Step 3 Select the proper region, North America or South America, and click Apply.
Warning: This device requires that the user or installer properly selects the current
region of operation before using this device. This device will automatically limit the
allowable channels determined by the current region of operation.
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Incorrectly selecting the current region of operation may result in illegal
operation and may cause harmful interference to other systems. The user is
obligated to ensure the device is operating according to the channel limitations,
indoor/outdoor restrictions and license requirements for the current country of operation.
Cable Modem
For most cable modem users, you should be able to connect to the Internet without any
configuration. If your ISP has provided you with a host name, enter it in the optional
Host Name field.
If your ISP requires a registered MAC Address, click on the Clone MAC Address
button. Click Apply and OK to save the settings.
If you have trouble connecting to the Internet, please refer to the Troubleshooting
section at the end of this guide.
DSL
For DSL users, follow the steps below to configure the router.
Step 1 Select PPPoE from the drop-down menu.
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Step 2 Enter your username and password provided by your ISP.
Note: Depending on the ISP, you may need to include the domain name with your
username.
Example:
[email protected]
11
Step 3 Click Apply and OK to save the settings.
If you have trouble connecting to the Internet, please refer to the Troubleshooting
section at the end of this manual.
5. Connecting to the Router Wirelessly
Below are the default wireless settings of the router. You must configure your wireless
network card to the same settings in order to establish a wireless connection to the
router. Please refer to your wireless network card’s manual on how to configure these
settings.
SSID: default
Operating Mode: Infrastructure
Authentication: Open System
Channel #: 6
WEP: disabled
If you want to change the router’s wireless settings, log in to the router and select the
Wireless tab. Be sure to click Apply and OK to save the settings.
12
6. Web Configuration Utility
This router has a built-in web configuration utility that you can use to configure the
router’s settings. Simply log in to the router using your computer’s web browser.
6.1 Setup
6.1.1 Internet Setup
This is the default screen when you log in to the router’s web configuration utility. You
can setup your Internet connection here.
13
6.1.2 Network Setup
Network Setup allows manually configuring TCP/IP and DHCP settings.
Assigning Static DHCP Settings
Step 1 Select Enabled in the DHCP Server drop-down menu
Step 2 Select a computer name from the drop-down menu or enter a name associated
with this Static IP Address
.
Step 3 Enter the Static IP Address in the IP Address field
Step 4 Enter the MAC address of the corresponding computer in the MAC Address
field
Remember to click Apply and OK to save your changes.
14
6.1.3 DDNS
Dynamic DNS (DDNS) allows any user who wishes to access your server to reach it by
a registered DNS name instead of an IP address. Before you enable DDNS, you need
to register an account with one of the DDNS providers listed in the drop-down menu.
To Enable DDNS, select the DDNS provider you have registered with and enter the
required fields. Click Apply and OK to save the setting.
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6.1.4 Time Settings
Time Settings allow you to configure the router clock.
Click Apply and OK to save the settings.
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6.2. Wireless
6.2.1 Basic Wireless Settings
You can configure the router’s basic wireless settings on this screen.
Mode: Choose from Mixed (g/b), Wireless-11g Only, Wireless 11b Only, or Disabled to
stop wireless function.
Network Name (SSID): You can change the router’s SSID in this field. Once you have
changed the SSID, your network clients need to re-connect themselves using the new
SSID.
Channel: Select the desired channel. All the network clients need to be using the same
channel.
SSID Broadcast: Choose to enable or disable the broadcasting of your SSID.
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6.2.2 Wireless Security
You can configure wireless security such as WEP or WPA encryption on this screen.
Note: It is recommended that you use WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK encryption over WEP if
your wireless clients support it. All of the wireless clients must use the same security
settings in order to connect to the router.
WEP
To enable WEP, select WEP from the Security Mode.
Authentication Type: Choose Open System or Shared Key.
Encryption: Choose from 64 bits or 128 bits
Key Type: Choose HEX or ASCII
WEP Key 1 – 4: Manually assign a password for each key. If you selected 64 bits
encryption, enter 10 HEX characters (0-F) for each key. If you selected 128 bits
encryption, enter 26 HEX characters (0-F) for each key.
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Note: HEX number is a number from 0 to 9 and a letter from A to F. ASCII is any
number or letter.
Default Key: Select a key to be the active key.
Click Apply and OK to save the settings.
WPA-PSK/WP2-PSK
To enable WPA, select WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK from the Security Mode.
Encryption Methods: Select either TKIP or AES as the encryption method.
Passphrase: Enter a passphrase between 8 to 63 characters long.
Key Renewal: Enter the desired key renewal time in seconds.
Click Apply and OK to save the settings.
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WPA with RADIUS
If you are using a RADIUS server in your network for authentication, you may choose
WPA or WPA2 from the Security Mode.
Encryption Methods: Select either TKIP or AES as the encryption method.
RADIUS Server: Enter the IP Address of your RADIUS server.
RADIUS Port: Enter the port number of your RADIUS server.
Shared Key: Enter the shared key.
Key Renewal: Enter the desired key renewal time in seconds.
Click Apply and OK to save the settings.
WiFi Protected Setup
This is an easier way to setup the wireless security for all your wireless clients. This
security feature only works when your wireless adapter supports this WPS PIN feature.
You will have to enter the Current PIN at your wireless client side to connect to this
router.
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Check/Uncheck the Enable box to enable or disable this function
6.2.3 Wireless MAC Filter
You can restrict certain wireless clients from accessing the router by specifying their
MAC address and enabling access restriction.
Select Enabled from the drop-down menu and choose whether the specified wireless
clients will be prevented or permitted to access the wireless network. Enter their MAC
address in the fields below and click Apply and OK to save the settings.
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6.2.4 Advanced Wireless Settings
You can configure various advanced wireless settings on this screen.
Transmission Rate: Select from Auto, 1, 2, 5.5, 6, 9, 11, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48 and 54
Mbps.
Transmission Power: Select from full, half, quarter, eighth, min.
CTS Protection Mode: Select from disable, enable, auto.
Beacon Interval: Enter a value from the valid range of 0 to 2346. The default value is
100 Milliseconds
DTIM Interval: Enter a value from the valid range of 0 to 255. The default value is 1.
Fragmentation Threshold: Enter an even number from 256 to 2346. The default value
is 2346.
RTS Threshold: Enter a value from the valid range of 0 to 2346. The default value is
2346.
WMM Function: WMM keeps the priority of audio, video and voice applications in a WiFi network so that other applications or network traffic (i.e. downloading large files) are
less likely to cause delay to them.
Select disable or enable the WMM function.
Click Apply and OK to save the settings.
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6.3 Security
6.3.1 Firewall
Block WAN Ping: Enable or Disable.
SPI Mode: Select to enable or disable Stateful Packet Inspection.
Click Apply and OK to save the settings.
6.3.2 VPN Passthrough
You can select to enable or disable the passthrough of IPSec, L2TP, and/or PPTP.
Click Apply and OK to save the settings.
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6.4 Access Restrictions
You can setup policies that deny or allow specific clients to access the Internet based
on IP address, MAC address, URL, Domain or a specified time.
6.4.1 IP Filters
Set up router filter policies based on IP addresses.
Description: Enter a name for the policy.
Status: Choose to enable or disable the selected policy.
IP Addresses: Specify client by a range of IP addresses
Protocol: Select protocol from All, TCP, UDP or ICMP
Port: Enter a range of ports.
Schedule: Enter a schedule time
To view all the policies, click the Summary button.
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6.4.2 MAC Filters
Setup policies that deny or allow specific clients to access the Internet based on MAC
addresses.
Enter Description Name: Enter a name for the policy.
MAC Address: Enter a MAC address
DHCP Client: Select DHCP client on your network.
To view all the policies, click the Summary button.
25
6.4.3 URL Blocking
You can block the specified clients from accessing certain websites by URL
Enter the URL or the Keyword you wish to block.
Click Apply and OK to save the settings.
26
6.4.4 Domain Blocking
Specify the domains to deny or allow internet access.
27
6.4.5 Schedule
Select a time range in which the specified clients can access the Internet by Day and
Time.
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6.5 Applications & Gaming
6.5.1 Port Range Forwarding
If you want to host a FTP server or online gaming, you must open up ports on the router.
This page allows you to setup port forwarding for the specified applications.
Before using forwarding, you should assign static IP addresses to the designated PCs.
Click Apply and OK to save the settings.
29
6.5.2 Port Range Triggering
Port triggering allows the router to keep track of outgoing data for specific port numbers.
The router remembers which computer sends out what data, so when the requested
data returns through the router, the data is sent back to the proper computer by way of
IP address and port mapping rules.
Click Apply and OK to save the settings.
30
6.5.3 DMZ
DMZ (De-Militarized Zone) Host is a host without the protection of the router’s firewall. It
allows a computer to be exposed to unrestricted two-way communication with the
Internet. You should only use this feature when the Port Forwarding function fails to
make an application work.
Warning: Setting your computer as a DMZ host exposes it to various security
vulnerabilities. This feature should be used only when needed.
DMZ: Select to enable or disable DMZ.
Host IP Address: Specify the host IP address.
Note: Any DMZ host should have a new static IP address assigned to it because its IP
address may change when using the DHCP function.
Click Apply and OK to save the settings.
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6.6 Administration
6.6.1 Management
The Management screen allows you to change the router’s login password as well as
other administrative settings.
Router Password: Set the router’s login password.
Remote Router Access: Select to enable or disable remote management/upgrade of
the router. You can allow remote management from any IP Address or a specified IP
Address as well as the port number.
UPnP: Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) allows Windows Me and XP to automatically
configure the router for various Internet applications, such as gaming and
videoconferencing.
Backup and Restore: You can choose to backup the router’s settings so that you don’t
have to manually configure the settings again if you reset the router to factory default.
32
6.6.2 Log
You can choose to enable or disable logging of your network activity on this screen.
Email Address: Specify an email address to send the log file.
Send Mail Now: Send the log file to the specified the email address.
Save Log File to Local Hard Drive: Take the log in router memory and store it into a
log file.
Log Type: Specify the information you want to capture. They include System Activity,
Debug Information, Attacks, Dropped Packets, and Notice.
View Log: Allow you to see logged information related to System Activity, Debug
Information, Attacks, Dropped Packets, and Notice.
Click Apply and OK to save the settings.
33
6.6.3 Diagnostics
The Diagnostics screen allows you to perform Ping tests.
Ping Test: Enter the IP or URL Address you wish to ping and click Ping.
34
6.6.4 Factory Defaults
The Factory Defaults screen allows you to set all the router’s settings to the factory
default.
Click on the Factory Defaults button to restore all the settings to default.
35
6.6.5 Firmware Upgrade
The Firmware Upgrade screen allows you to upgrade the router’s firmware.
You may download the updated firmware from the Airlink101 website
www.airlink101.com
Click on Browse to browse to the new firmware, and click Apply.
Note: Do not power off the router during the firmware upgrading, otherwise your router
may be damaged permanently. Do not upgrade firmware from a wireless computer.
36
6.6.6 Restart
The Restart page allows you to restart the router without restoring the settings to factory
default.
Click on the Restart button to restart the router.
37
6.7 Status
6.7.1 Router
The Router screen displays the router status information including the firmware version.
Click on the Refresh button to reload the screen.
38
6.7.2 Local Network
The Local Network screen displays the local area network status information.
Click on the DHCP Client Table to display a list of DHCP clients in your network.
39
6.7.3 Wireless Network
The Wireless Network screen displays the wireless network status information.
40
7. Troubleshooting
If you have trouble connecting to the Internet, try the following steps.
Step 1 Power off the Cable/DSL modem, router, and computer and wait for 5 minutes.
Step 2 Turn on the Cable/DSL modem and wait for the lights on the modem to settle
down.
Step 3 Turn on the router and wait for the lights on the router to settle down.
Step 4 Turn on the computer.
Step 5 Reconfigure the router as described in Section 3.
Step 6 Log in to the router and select the Status tab.
Step 7 Verify that the IP Address, Default Gateway, and at least one of the DNS fields
have valid numbers assigned to them (instead of all 0’s).
If each field has a valid number assigned, the router is connected to the Internet.
41
Federal Communication Commission Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This
equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the
user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one of the following measures:
-
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from thatto which the
receiver is connected.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2)
this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
FCC Caution: Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party
responsible for compliance could void the user's authority to operate this equipment.
IMPORTANT NOTE:
FCC Radiation Exposure Statement:
This equipment complies with FCC radiation exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled
environment. This equipment should be installed and operated with minimum distance
20cm between the radiator & your body.
This transmitter must not be co-located or operating in conjunction with any other
antenna or transmitter.
42
Industry Canada Statement
This device complies with RSS-210 of the Industry Canada Rules. Operation is subject
to the following two conditions:
1) this device may not cause interference and
2) this device must accept any interference, including interference that may cause
undesired operation of the device
This device has been designed to operate with an antenna having a maximum gain of
2dBi.
Antenna having a higher gain is strictly prohibited per regulations of Industry Canada.
The required antenna
impedance is 50 ohms.
To reduce potential radio interference to other users, the antenna type and its gain
should be so chosen that the EIRP is not more than required for successful
communication.
IMPORTANT NOTE:
IC Radiation Exposure Statement:
This equipment complies with IC radiation exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled
environment. This equipment should be installed and operated with minimum distance
20cm between the radiator & your body.
43
Technical Support
E-mail: [email protected]
Toll Free: 1-888-746-3238
Web Site: www.airlink101.com
*Theoretical maximum wireless signal rate based on IEEE standard 802.11g specifications. Actual data throughput will vary.
Network conditions and environmental factors, including volume of network traffic, building materials and construction, mix of
wireless products used, radio frequency interference (e.g., cordless telephones and microwaves) as well as network overhead lower
actual data throughput rate.
Copyright © 2007 AirLink101. All rights reserved. AirLink101, the stylized AirLink101 logo, specific product designations, and all
other words and logos that are identified as trademarks and/or service marks are, unless noted otherwise, the trademarks and
service marks of AirLink101. All other product or service names are the property of their respective holders. AirLink101 products are
protected under numerous U.S. and foreign patents and pending applications, mask work rights, and copyrights.
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