Audio Note IO LIMITED Instruction manual

Audio Note IO LIMITED Instruction manual
www.aja.com
Published: 5/4/11
Installation and Operation
Guide
B e c a u s e
i t
m a t t e r s .
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Trademarks
AJA®, KONA®, Ki Pro® and XENA® are registered trademarks of AJA Video, Inc. Io HD™ and
Io™ are trademarks of AJA Video, Inc.
Apple, the Apple logo, AppleShare, AppleTalk, FireWire and Macintosh are registered trademarks
of Apple Computer, Inc. Final Cut Pro, QuickTime and the QuickTime Logo are trademarks of
Apple Computer, Inc. TASCAM is a registered trademark of TEAC Corporation.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective holders.
Notice
Copyright © 2011 AJA Video, Inc. All rights reserved. All information in this manual is subject to
change without notice. No part of the document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form,
or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying or recording, without the
express written permission of AJA Inc.
FCC Emission Information
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This
equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful
interference in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by AJA Video can effect emission compliance
and could void the user’s authority to operate this equipment.
Contacting Support
To contact AJA Video for sales or support, use any of the following methods:
180 Litton Drive, Grass Valley, CA. 95945 USA
Telephone: +1.800.251.4224 or +1.530.274.2048
Fax: +1.530.274.9442
Web: http://www.aja.com
Support Email: [email protected]
Sales Email: [email protected]
When calling for support, first read the Chapter on Troubleshooting at the back of this manual. You
can often save time and effort by looking there first for simple remedies and information on how
to get support from AJA and Apple Computer Inc.
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Limited Warranty
Limited Warranty
AJA Video warrants that this product will be free from defects in materials and workmanship
for a period of three years from the date of purchase. If a product proves to be defective during
this warranty period, AJA Video, at its option, will either repair the defective product without
charge for parts and labor, or will provide a replacement in exchange for the defective product.
In order to obtain service under this warranty, you the Customer, must notify AJA Video of
the defect before the expiration of the warranty period and make suitable arrangements for the
performance of service. The Customer shall be responsible for packaging and shipping the
defective product to a designated service center nominated by AJA Video, with shipping
charges prepaid. AJA Video shall pay for the return of the product to the Customer if the
shipment is to a location within the country in which the AJA Video service center is located.
Customer shall be responsible for paying all shipping charges, insurance, duties, taxes, and
any other charges for products returned to any other locations.
1
This warranty shall not apply to any defect, failure or damage caused by improper use or
improper or inadequate maintenance and care. AJA Video shall not be obligated to furnish
service under this warranty a) to repair damage resulting from attempts by personnel other
than AJA Video representatives to install, repair or service the product, b) to repair damage
resulting from improper use or connection to incompatible equipment, c) to repair any
damage or malfunction caused by the use of non-AJA Video parts or supplies, or d) to service
a product that has been modified or integrated with other products when the effect of such a
modification or integration increases the time or difficulty of servicing the product.
THIS WARRANTY IS GIVEN BY AJA VIDEO IN LIEU OF ANY OTHER
WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. AJA VIDEO AND ITS VENDORS
DISCLAIM ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS
FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. AJA VIDEO’S RESPONSIBILITY TO REPAIR OR
REPLACE DEFECTIVE PRODUCTS IS THE WHOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY
PROVIDED TO THE CUSTOMER FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL
OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES IRRESPECTIVE OF WHETHER AJA VIDEO OR
THE VENDOR HAS ADVANCE NOTICE OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH
DAMAGES.
Important Safety Information
Warning!
This symbol, when used in the manual, indicates a serious risk or threat to
personal safety.
Caution!
This symbol, when used in the manual, indicates important safety and
compliance information.
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Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
Notice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
FCC Emission Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
Contacting Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
Limited Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
Important Safety Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
1
Chapter 1: Introduction
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Hardware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Broadcast-Quality Conversion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Stand Alone Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
What’s In The Box? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
System Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Recommended System and Software Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Understanding Disk Storage Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
About RAIDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Software For Striping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Xserve RAID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Storage capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
In This Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Chapter 2: Controls and Indicators
Controls and Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Front Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Alphanumeric and Graphics Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
LED Indicator Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Power and Status LED Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Audio VU LED Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Rear Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
About Inputs and Outputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
About BNC Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Connector Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
LTC Timecode Input And Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
SDI Input and Outputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Component YPbPr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
S-Video (Y/C) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Composite NTSC/PAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Reference Video (looping) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
1
2
HDMI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
8 Channel AES/EBU Digital Audio Inputs And Outputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Analog 4 Channel Balanced Audio Inputs and Outputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Analog 2 Channel Unbalanced Audio Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
RS422 Machine Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
FireWire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
AC Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Chapter 3: Getting Started
Io HD And Your Workflow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Understanding Typical Workflows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
DV/DV25 (SD) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
DV50 (SD) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Uncompressed 8-bit 4:2:2 (SD) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Uncompressed 10-bit 4:2:2 (SD) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
DVCPRO HD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Apple ProRes 422 and Apple ProRes 422 HQ (SD or HD) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Workflow General Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Mixing and Matching Formats in Final Cut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Chapter 4: Installation and Configuration
Installation Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
Unpacking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
Shipping Box Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
Installing Io HD Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
Software Installation Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Io HD Chassis Placement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Cabling the System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
Where to Place Io HD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
System Video/Audio Cable Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
Typical Digital System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
Typical Analog System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
Genlock and Your System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Understanding Io HD and FireWire 800 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Using 8-bit Versus 10-bit Video in Standard Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
Chapter 5: Using the System with Final Cut Pro
Final Cut Pro . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Using The AJA Control Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Control Panel Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Input Tab Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
Input Tab Screen Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
Formats Tab Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Format Tab Screen Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
Digital Out Tab Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Table of Contents
Digital Out Tab Screen Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Analog Out Tab Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Analog Out Tab Screen Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
HDMI Tab Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
HDMI Tab Screen Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Control Tab Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Control Tab Screen Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Setup Tab Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Setup Tab Screen Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Codec Tab Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Codec Tab Screen Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Timecode Tab Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1. . 55
Timecode Tab Screen Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Timelapse Tab Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Info Tab Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Saving Your Control Panel Presets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Who is Controlling Io HD? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
QuickTime Application—1st Priority . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
AJA Control Panel—2nd Priority . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Control Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Using Multiple AJA Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Easy Setups for Typical Uses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Easy Setups Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Easy Setups For Use With Io HD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Audio/Video Settings Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
To Create A New Easy Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
The Sequence Presets Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Checking the System with a Simple Test Project of Bars and Tone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Chapter 6: Troubleshooting
If You Run Into Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Updating Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Apple Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Index
Appendix A: Specifications
Appendix B: Safety and Compliance
3
4
Chapter 1:
Introduction
Overview
AJA's Io HD is an easy to use, transportable, plug-in solution for working with HD
and SD in Final Cut Studio 2 or newer. Connecting to a Mac Pro or MacBook Pro
with a single FireWire 800 connection, Io HD uniquely supports the amazing new
Apple ProRes 422 Codecs natively, in hardware, to bring production-quality HD
editing to the desktop. Io HD is the only device in the world that supports Apple’s
ProRes 422 in hardware, enabling true 10-bit video editing in Final Cut Studio 2—
all in full-raster and at 4:2:2 quality.
Like other members of the Io family, Io HD offers unparalleled video and audio
connectivity. Within its portable and rugged form factor, Io HD offers SD/HD
analog I/O, SD/HD digital I/O including HD-SDI and HDMI, balanced analog
and digital AES audio, as well as RS-422, genlock, and even LTC timecode
connections. Io HD also includes AJA’s realtime hardware 10-bit up/down/cross
conversion.
Io HD allows a Mac Pro or MacBook Pro to be configured as a professional editing
suite, corporate/industrial video center, or high-powered desktop video setup—or
just about anything in between. Both analog and digital sources are offered,
allowing connection to just about every kind of video/audio peripheral from the
most current digital decks to older legacy devices.
11
1
2
Io HD does all of this with unique simplicity, using a single FireWire connection
between it and the Mac—while serving simultaneous realtime connection for all
audio and video sources. How does Io HD transfer 10-bit full-raster HD video/
audio over FireWire? It efficiently uses the IEEE 1394b 800Mbps FireWire port
on the Mac for all data transfer—and since Apple ProRes 422 is optimized for 145
Mbps (normal quality) and 220 Mbps (high quality, HQ) there is plenty of
bandwidth. Only Io HD can do this since it has the Apple ProRes 422 codec
implemented in hardware inside the box, allowing incoming media to be made
smaller before it’s transmitted over the FireWire connection to the Mac. Standard
definition video is also easily transmitted by Io HD, since uncompressed 10-bit is
only 270Mbps, so FireWire 800 can easily handle its bandwidth.
Features
The Io HD product offers a large number of unique features for connectivity,
control, and ease of installation in any environment.
Hardware
• Apple ProRes 422, Apple ProRes 422 HQ Codec (including LT and Proxy
versions)—SD, HD 720/1080, full-raster 10 bit 4:2:2, realtime, implemented
in hardware
• Up/down/cross-conversion, 10-bit, realtime, implemented in hardware
• SD-SDI and HD-SDI I/O (2)
• Component I/O (SD and HD)
• Composite and S-video I/O
• HDMI video with 8-channel audio I/O
• Embedded SDI 8-channel audio I/O
• AES/EBU 8-channel unbalanced audio I/O
• Analog 4-channel balanced audio I/O (XLR)
• Analog 2-channel unbalanced audio output (RCA)
• Reference Video/Genlock with loop through
• RS-422 machine control
• LTC Timecode I/O
• Connects to Mac via a single FireWire 800 cable (cables supplied)
• All outputs are active—all the time.
• Stand Alone Mode—use as a converter without a computer attached
• Chassis styling compliments Apple’s Mac Pro computers for a stylish desktop
video suite appearance.
• Front Panel LED Status Indicators: Power On/Off, FireWire (active/
inactive), Ref (Genlock), Video (detected at selected input).
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Features
• Front Panel Audio VU LEDs: 8-channels (green/orange/red showing
normal, over-limit, and clipping).
• Front Panel Alphanumeric display: shows input and output settings and
other system information and alerts.
• 3-year International Warranty, with unlimited Technical Support.
Broadcast-Quality Conversion
Io HD features hardware based full 10 bit broadcast quality motion adaptive SD
to HD upconversion, HD to SD downconversion and HD to HD
crossconversion. The quality of the conversion features found in1the Io HD is
virtually identical to AJA's award winning KONA 3 and stand-alone converter
products used throughout the video industry. The built-in upconverter uses a
full 10 bit path, fully motion adaptive de-interlacing, and large multi-point
digital interpolators. Downconversion uses large multi-point digital
interpolators, anti-alias filtering and interpolation.
High-quality hardware-based crossconversion provides the capability to
streamline dailies and offer realtime broadcast picture quality. Because these
functions are in the Io HD hardware, they are available full time, all the time—
with no CPU load. Such conversions are useful for cost effective monitoring,
making standard definition dubs of an HD project, or upconverting from a
standard definition Final Cut Pro project to an HD deliverable.
Stand Alone Mode
While connected to the Mac, Io HD can be configured for a set of parameters
and then disconnected from the Mac for use by itself as a stand-alone converter.
An example would be using the Io HD in Stand Alone Mode as an SD to HD
upconverter.
To use the Io HD in this way, select the Io HD Stand Alone Mode from the
Control tab of the Control Panel application (see Chapter 5, Control Tab Screen).
After configuring the Io HD parameters as desired, click the Burn... button.
After doing so, there will be a short time to complete the internal process—and
then you may power down and disconnect the Io HD. From this point, the Io
HD is a stand alone converter and will retain the parameters selected when it is
powered back on. The Io HD remains in Stand Alone Mode until it is once
again connected to a Mac via FireWire. Turning it ON and OFF will not take it
out of Stand Alone Mode until is connected again to a Mac via FireWire.
Note: The AJA Io HD can also be used as a converter device while it is
connected to a host computer if the Default Video Output in the Control tab of
the Control Panel application is set to Input Passthrough.
Software
AJA’s Io HD was codeveloped with Apple for use with Final Cut Studio on Mac
OS X for powerful SD and HD video/audio capture, editing, and video
production—all in a single integrated system. Io HD runs on an AJA-built
driver, similar to the AJA KONA driver, which provides features such as Core
Audio support and very low latency capture and playback.
3
4
The Io HD driver also provides RGB support, allowing for direct video output of
applications such as Adobe After Effects,™ and Apple Motion™ to name a few.
To make Io HD even more useful, we’ve included a number of AJA utility
applications: AJA TV, AJA System Test, AJA Data Rate Calculator, AJA
QTtoDPXtranslator, and AJA DPXtoQTtranslator.
Note: These utilities are also available for free download at www.aja.com/html/
support_iohd_swd.html as well as being part of the Io HD installer.
What’s In The Box?
When you unpack your AJA Io HD, you’ll find the following components:
• AJA Io HD Installation Software CD-Rom—this CD contains the software
installer to place drivers on an Apple Mac Pro or MacBook Pro for use with
Final Cut Studio 2. Install the software as discussed in this manual in Chapter
4: Installation and Configuration. The CD also contains a wide variety of
useful information, including this manual you’re reading (PDF format).
• Io HD chassis
• AC Power cord.
• 2 FireWire cables. Either cable can be used to connect an Io HD and a Mac
Pro or Mac Book Pro. Both are FireWire 800 cables, one with a FW800
connector on one end and a FW400 on the other, and the other having
FW800 connectors on both ends.
• Read Me First note and any Late-breaking News and/or errata (where
applicable, AJA may include additional bulletins related to your product and
software).
Io HD Shipping Box Contents
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — System Requirements
Please save the Io HD shipping box and all packaging materials. If you ever require
service or want to move your system—use the packaging materials and box for safe
shipment.
System Requirements
AJA Video recommends that your system meet minimum hardware and software
requirements to achieve a satisfactory level of performance. Here, we provide
minimum and recommended requirements and then discuss disk storage issues that
should be understood for proper system configuration.
Recommended
System and
Software
Requirements
The following table outlines the system hardware and software needed.
1
Item
Recommended
Recommended Software:
FCP 7.0.x - KONA driver version 9.0.1 (Snow Leopard and
Leopard OS compatible version)
FCP 7.0.x - KONA driver version 7.5.1 (Snow Leopard and
Leopard OS compatible version)
FCP 7.0.x - KONA driver version 7.1 (Snow Leopard and
Leopard OS compatible version)
FCP 7.0.x - KONA driver version 7.0 (Snow Leopard and
Leopard OS compatible version)
FCP 7.0.x - KONA driver version 6.5 (Leopard OS
compatible version)
FCP 6.0.x - KONA driver version 6.0.3 (Leopard and Tiger
OS compatible version)
Macintosh configurations
supported:
MacPro 2.8GHz (MA970LL/A) or 3.0GHz or 3.2GHz build to
orders
2GB or more of RAM
MacPro 2.66GHz (MA356LL/A) or 2.0GHz or 3.0GHz build
to orders
2GB or more RAM
MacPro 2.66Ghz 8 core (MA356LL/A) or 2.0GHz or 3.0GHz
build to orders
2GB or more RAM
MacBook Pro
2GB or more of RAM
ExpressCard/34 FireWire 800 card or
ExpressCard/34 Sata Controller
Power Mac G5 Quad 2.5GHz (M9592LL/A)
2GB or more RAM
Note: unlisted Macintosh G5 configurations may not provide
the full functionality or features that the Io HD in combination
with the listed configurations (in this table) can provide.
Intel XServe Quad 2.0Ghz (MA409LL/A)
2GB or more of RAM
Internal Storage (SATA inside
Mac):
Desktop configurations only.
External Storage:
Note: see Storage Methods
topic that follows later in this
Chapter
Ideally a RAID configuration with Fibre Channel or SCSI
connection to the Mac via qualified host bus adapter
5
6
Understanding
Disk Storage
Methods
The Io HD with an Apple Mac Pro or Apple MacBook Pro and Final Cut Pro 6,
along with a suitable storage system, offer an unprecedented level of features and
performance for all audio/video production applications. However, to ensure
performance and quality, the disk storage system used with the Mac Pro or
MacBook Pro must be able to meet the demands of storing realtime uncompressed
SD media and ProRes 422 HD media. There are a variety of system configurations
and peripherals that can provide this level of performance.
For uncompressed SD, AJA recommends that at a minimum, the disk storage
system must be able to provide and maintain a consistent 50 MB/sec transfer rate
from the Apple computer to disk (read/write). There are a variety of system
configurations and peripherals that can provide this level of performance.
For Apple ProRes 422, AJA recommends that at a minimum, the disk storage
system must be able to provide and maintain a consistent 40 MB/sec transfer rate
from the Apple computer to disk (read/write) for normal quality. For HQ quality
Apple ProRes 422, we recommend at least a 50 MB/sec transfer rate. There are a
variety of system configurations and peripherals that can provide these levels of
performance.
Io HD users wishing to configure storage for a system should also be aware that raw
benchmark numbers alone do not necessarily reflect the performance of a drive
solution. Other factors, such as drive seek time and controller cache can also affect
performance.
FireWire drive solutions are not supported in use with AJA Io HD when plugged
into the same system bus. Since Io HD connects to the host Mac Pro or MacBook
Pro via FireWire 800 and uses the FireWire bus bandwidth extensively, that same
Apple system bus cannot also be used for storage—at the same time. You can
however attach and use FireWire drives on the computer whenever the Io HD is not
powered or attached to the system. To use FireWire storage and the Io HD at the
same time, you can add a FireWire HBA (host bus adapter) card to the computer
(or ExpressCard/34 FireWire card if using a MacBook Pro) and then connect
storage drives to this separate FireWire bus.
About RAIDs
Redundant Array of Independent Disks, or RAID, is a group of hard drives that
appears to the host Mac as a single high-speed storage unit. RAID systems enable
you to increase storage capacity and get the performance, reliability, and data
protection needed for video production that is not possible when using a single hard
drive. RAID drives inside the array operate simultaneously, increasing overall
throughput. RAID technology is comprised of these techniques (some or all):
• Striping data across multiple drives for storage performance (RAID 0).
• Mirroring for redundancy (RAID 1).
• Parity for data protection (RAID 5 [plus other types]).
Most RAID configurations, or RAID levels, combine these to provide a balance of
protection and performance.
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — System Requirements
Striping divides a logical drive into data blocks, or stripes, that are distributed across
an array of physical drives. Striping a set of disks improves storage performance
because each drive operates concurrently. However, striping alone, known as RAID
level 0, offers no data protection.
Mirroring involves writing identical copies of all data to a pair of physical drives. This
results in very high data reliability: If one drive fails, the data is still available on the
remaining disk drive. However, it also results in a storage efficiency of only 50 percent,
because two physical drives are required to achieve a single drive’s capacity. Mirroring
alone is known as RAID level 1.
Parity provides data protection without requiring complete duplication of the drive
contents. In the event of a drive failure, parity information can be used
1 with data on
surviving drives to reconstruct the contents of a failed drive. Parity data can be stored
on a dedicated drive, as in RAID 3, or distributed across an array of drives, as in
RAID 5. Parity provides much greater storage efficiency than mirroring—up to 85
percent for a set of seven drives.
Software For Striping
AJA recommends the Disk Utility software provided by Apple with OS X for creating
and striping RAIDs, including 3rd-party disk arrays and Xserve RAIDs. This
application is very easy to use and has been tested to work well. The utility can be
found in Macintosh HD/Applications/Utilities, where “Macintosh HD” is the name of
the system drive.
Xserve RAID
Xserve RAID is designed for non-stop operation. Redundant hot-swap power and
cooling modules allow the system to keep functioning even if one module fails. A
high-availability architecture and dual independent RAID controllers support RAID
levels 0, 1, 3, 5, and 0+1. In addition, Xserve RAID supports hybrid RAID levels 10,
30, and 50 when used in conjunction with host-based software RAID. Remote Xserve
RAID management capabilities are provided via Apple’s Java-based RAID Admin
application.
Note: When creating and striping an Xserve RAID for Io HD using the Apple Disk
Utility provided with OS X, use RAID 50: in other words, the internal Xserve RAID
drives are set up as RAID 5; the Xserve RAID then shows up in Disk Utility as two
drives (regardless of the number of internal drives) which must be configured together
as RAID 0. Apple calls this configuration “RAID 50.”
Storage capacity
No matter which storage system you choose, pick one that can scale to meet your
needs over time. Ideally, you should be able to increase storage capacity or switch to a
RAID level offering increased data protection in the future. Balance current and
future storage needs with your budget and choose accordingly.
7
8
Note: All of the following numbers are approximations based on 2 channels of
48kHz audio. More audio channels can increase data rates. AJA also provides a
freeware application called the AJA Data Rate Calculator that can be used to help
determine the amount of storage space and bandwidth requirements needed for a
selected format, frame rate, audio setting and compression. The AJA Data Rate
Calculator can be found in the AJA Utilities folder which installs in the Applications
folder of the Mac OS. The AJA Data Rate Calculator application can also be
downloaded from the AJA website and used on any OSX computer.
FORMAT
SD Formats
10 bit 4:2:2 SD (NTSC/PAL)
8 bit 4:2:2 SD (NTSC/PAL)
DV50(NTSC/PAL)
DV25(NTSC/PAL)
Photo JPEG SD (NTSC/PAL)
HD Formats
(varies by format and frame rate)
Apple ProRes 422
Apple ProRes 422 HQ
MB = MegaBytes
GB = GigaBytes
Data Rate in MB/
sec
Storage
Requirement in
GB/Hour
28
21
7
3.6
2.5
101
76
27
14
9
8 to 21
12 to 31
31 to 75
45 to 112
In This Manual
Chapter 1 is the introduction you’re reading, listing features, box contents, and system
requirements.
Chapter 2 discusses the AJA Io HD front and rear panel connections and indicators.
Illustrations point out the various connectors and indicators with text discussions of
each.
Chapter 3 gets you started with using Io HD in a typical video environment.
Workflows for analog component or composite, standard definition SDI (Serial
Digital), DV, ProRes 422 and offline are all discussed.
Chapter 4 provides complete instructions for configuring the AJA Io HD, from
unpacking, locating the chassis, installing Io HD software from CD, cabling the
system and then getting it up and running. Important configuration information is
also provided on video settings and use of genlock/external reference.
Chapter 5 discusses operational aspects of Io HD when used with Final Cut Studio
2 or Final Cut Pro 6.
Chapter 6 discusses troubleshooting problems with your system and what to do
when there’s a problem you can’t solve.
Appendix A presents a list of technical specifications for the product.
Appendix B provides regulatory compliance statements, advisories and warnings.
The remainder of the manual consists of appendices listing specifications and an
index section to help you rapidly find topics in the manual.
\
Chapter 2:
Controls and Indicators
LTC
SDI 1
SDI 2
In
Out
Y/G
Pb/B
Pr/R
In
Out
Audio
Mon
In 1
HDMI In
In 2
In 3
AES 1/2
Out 1
Out 2
Ref
In
Out
AES 3/4
In
Out
HDMI Out
In 4
CVBS
In
Out
100-240VAC
50/60Hz .4A
RS-422
S-Video
AES 5/6
AES 7/8
In
Out
Out 3
Out 4
Controls and Indicators
When installing the AJA Io HD system, you’ll make media cable connections to a
variety of equipment. After installation, the front panel indicators will be useful in
monitoring what is happening on the system as well as troubleshooting problems
that can occur. Becoming familiar with the Io HD front and rear panels will
simplify installation, setup, and operation of the system.
On the following pages are front and rear panel illustrations with notations that
summarize all of the connectors and indicators. Detailed descriptions of each of the
connectors and indicators follow afterward.
Full installation instructions are provided in Chapter 4 later in this manual. Be sure
to read that chapter before attempting to install the product.
Note: The AJA Io HD should be plugged into a 3-prong AC power jack before
you make connections to other equipment — although it should not be switched
on. The AC cord provides a path to ground for accidental static discharge and
protects system equipment.
21
1
10
Front Panel
Alphanumeric display
shows current state
of input and output
selection. It’s also used
for status messages when
appropriate.
P 1080i29.97 SDI
S 525i29.97 AES
When lit, active video
is present at Reference
video input (for Genlock)
Power Indicator
Primary Video
Secondary Video
Shows IoHD is connected
to an active FireWire port
on a host computer
Video Source
Audio Source
The alphanumeric display has four screen fields
as shown here
Primary Video
Timecode Display
When lit, active video
is present at selected
input
Video Source
It can also display the Primary Video on top
and the current Timecode type and value at bottom
AJA Io HD Front Panel Indicators
The Io HD front panel provides a variety of visual indicators to tell you exactly
the state of the system and how video and audio are being handled. The topics on
the next few pages discuss these indicators:
• Alphanumeric and Graphics display
• Status and Power LEDs
• Audio VU LEDs
Alphanumeric and
Graphics Display
The alphanumeric and graphics display provides a view into the current Io HD
system status. When first powered up, the Io HD display shows an AJA logo,
followed by all the LED indicators lighting up (showing they’re functioning), and
then finally the current system status screen is displayed.
Information contained in the status screen shows:
• Primary source selection and format (SD or HD format and framerate)
• Secondary source selection and format (SD or HD format and framerate)
For example, if Io HD is currently set up to do a downconvert from 1080i 29.97
to 525i 29.97, the display would look similar to this:
P 1080i29.97 SDI
S 525i29.97
AES
The primary video is P1080i at 29.97 framerate and the video source is the SDI
input. The secondary source is 525i at 29.97. The audio source selected is from
the AES inputs.
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Front Panel
Although the default is to show Primary and Secondary formats, you can instead
configure the Io HD to show the Primary format on the top line of the display
and the currently configured timecode on the second line. If in an input mode,
this will display the timecode at input. If set for play out, then the timecode
display is what is output. If you see a semi-colon in the timecode display, then it
means the timecode is drop-frame. If all colons, then it’s non-drop frame.
P 1080i29.97
SDI
VITC1 01:00:07;02
Front Panel Display
1
Primary video format and source
Timecode display
(; = drop frame := non-drop frame)
See Chapter 5, Io HD LED Display under the IoHD Screen topic.
LED Indicator
Descriptions
Indicators on the front panel are LEDs that illuminate when a condition is
present. The following indicators are conveniently arranged in groups to show
specific subjects:
• Power and Status LEDs—Blue LEDs to the right and left of the
alphanumeric/graphics display
• Audio VU LEDs—Green, yellow, and red LEDs located underneath the
alphanumeric/graphics display
Each group of indicators are discussed below.
Power and Status LED Indicators
Power—shows that Io HD is connected to AC mains power and that the power
switch on the rear panel has been turned on.
FireWire—shows Io HD has an active data communications link over the
FireWire connection with a host computer.
Video—shows that a valid video source has been detected.
Ref—shows that the panel has an external reference video source applied
(Genlock). Please refer to the “Genlock and Your System” topic in Chapter 4
for additional information on the use of this connector and the effect of
Genlock/External Reference sources on the system.
11
12
Audio VU LED Indicators
These LEDs show the audio signal strength of the selected audio input sources
(embedded SDI audio, AES/EBU audio, analog 4-Channel balanced, or
2-Channel unbalanced) or the values for audio being played back during editorial.
The LEDs show a standard VU-style display, with the LEDs having the following
meanings:
Green—audio source signal level is in the “safe” area (no clipping). Vertically, the
green LEDs also show the signal strength, so you can see if the signal level is
low. Generally, it’s preferred to have the signal near the top of the green or
even occasionally peaking into the orange LEDs.
Yellow—audio source signal levels are at the peak edge of the safe area before
clipping will occur.
Red—audio source amplitude is too hot and the signal is clipping at it’s signal
peaks. You should reduce the input gain at its source (mixer or source
equipment supplying the signal).
Rear Panel
Serial
AC Power Supply
Digital
Autosensing
LTC
In/Out
100 to 240VAC, 0.3A
Timecode (SD-SDI
50/60Hz
In/Out
HD-SDI)
With ON/OFF
Switch
Component
YPbPr and
RGB In/Out
S-Video
In/Out
Composite
In/Out
External Reference Input
with Loop-through
AES/EBU Digital
Audio In/Out
Channels 1 through 8
RS422
Machine
Control
Analog 4-Channel
Balanced Audio I/O
XLRs
FireWire 800
Connector
(to Host)
HDMI In/Out
Analog Audio
Unbalanced Outputs
(stereo RCA)
AJA Io HD Rear Panel Connectors
About Inputs and
Outputs
The function of Io HD’s inputs and outputs depend on the operational mode. In
the capture mode, Io HD’s inputs are selected by Final Cut Pro’s Audio Video
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Rear Panel
13
Settings menus (or Easy Setups). While capturing, the selected inputs are mirrored at Io
HD’s outputs. When not in the capture mode, outputs change to reflect the output of
Final Cut Pro. In all cases, all Io HD’s outputs are active all the time. In other words,
the same output video appears simultaneously on the HDMI, SDI, composite, Svideo, and component outputs. (Note: S-video and composite are SD only formats, so
they will not output HD material.) This method of operation allows simultaneous
connection to VTRs and monitoring equipment.
About BNC
Connectors
Although most video professionals are used to BNC connectors, you may not have
seen them if you’ve been using primarily desktop video equipment. BNC connectors
ensure a positive connection by the act of locking the connectors together via pins in
one connector that fit into slots in the corresponding connector. 1
To make a BNC connection, slide the cable connector over the connector on the Io
rear panel and then when seated, rotate the barrel of the cable connector 90˚ clockwise
until the connectors are locked together. When properly locked, the cable cannot
accidentally be pulled out.
Pins (2) on BNC Connector
(connector on Io Rear Panel)
Align slots in
cable connector
barrel with connector
pins, then slide it over the pins
and rotate the barrel
to lock the connectors
together
Connectors
Connectors on the rear panel are arranged in groups for easy installation and
maintenance. Connectors provided are:
• LTC (2x BNC) for longitudinal timecode input and output.
• SD-SDI and HD-SDI video with embedded audio, 2x BNCs for input and 2x
BNCs for output.
• SD/HD Component YPbPr/RGB Video, 3x BNCs for input, and 3x BNCs for
output.
• S-Video In/Out (Y/C), 1x 4-pin mini-DIN for input, and 1x 4-pin mini-DIN
for output.
• Composite NTSC/PAL video, 1x BNC for input, and 1x BNC for output.
• Genlock/Reference Video (looping), 2x BNCs.
• HDMI video with embedded audio (8 channels), 1x connector for input and 1x
connector for output.
• 8 channel AES/EBU digital audio inputs via 4x BNCs and outputs via 4x BNCs.
14
• 2 channel unbalanced audio outputs (2x RCA) for monitoring.
• 4 channel analog balanced audio inputs and outputs. 4x female XLRs are
provided for input and 4x male XLRs for output.
• IEEE 1394b FireWire™ 800Mbps connector for data between Io HD and
Apple Mac.
• RS-422 Control Port, 9-pin D-sub, for machine control.
• AC power connector with ON/OFF switch, 3 pin (with ground).
Each of these groups of connectors are discussed on the following pages.
Note: Io HD does not require synchronous digital audio inputs.
Connector
Descriptions
LTC Timecode Input And Output
Two BNCs provide connections to the house LTC timecode generator or
source. Connections are high impedance. One BNC is for input and the
other for output.
SDI Input and Outputs
BNC connectors are provided for two SDI inputs (only one can be
selected and routed through the Io HD at a time) and two SDI
outputs (independent of the input). SDI inputs and outputs
support SD-SDI and HD-SDI video and embedded 24-bit digital
audio. If peripheral equipment has a variety of inputs/outputs,
look to see if it has SDI I/O, and use it where possible for the
highest quality.
Component YPbPr
Connect component YPbPr video cables from a VTR,
Camera, or other source to the three YPbPr input BNCs:
Y/G, Pr/R, and Pb/B. Then connect the YPbPr Out BNCs
to a monitor, or other component device. Component
input video signals are A/D (input) converted (10-bit).
Similarly, component output video signals are D/A converted (10-bit). Component
video signals are higher quality than composite.
A Note About RGB—Although
RGB is used less in today’s video systems, Io HD
supports it at both input and output. Because Io HD’s (and SMPTE SDI)
native format is YPbPr, AJA recommends the use of YPbPr whenever possible.
Although component video monitors often have RGB inputs, it’s better to use
YPbPr when the monitor supports it. The YPbPr format provides “headroom”
for “superwhite” and “superblack”—and these video levels will be clipped when
transcoding to RGB. Also, the RGB/YPbPr transcoding involves a level
translation that results in mathematical round-off error. Within Final Cut Pro,
RGB can be configured in the Audio/Video Settings or Easy Setups menus.
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Rear Panel
A Note About YPbPr—Component
Video, or YPbPr, has been given several names
over time. YUV, Y/R-Y/B-Y, and YCbCr, are just some examples. Although these
various formats have some differences in levels, they are all basically the same. Io
HD uses the modern YPbPr terminology exclusively. Io HD supports three
different types of YPbPr: SMPTE/EBU N10, Betacam (NTSC), and Betacam
(NTSC Japan). These three formats differ in level only and are configured in
Final Cut Pro within the Audio/Video Settings and/or via the AJA Control Panel
application.
S-Video (Y/C)
S-Video 4-pin mini-DIN connectors provide for connection of desktop
1 and
video/pro-sumer level equipment, including camcorders, VCRs/VTRs,
monitors—to name a few. Use high quality shielded S-Video cables when
making connections. S-video signals are converted internally to 10-bit
digital.
Composite NTSC/PAL
BNC connectors support composite NTSC or PAL input and output.
Connect an NTSC or PAL composite video cable from a VTR, Camera, or
other source to the CPST in BNC. Then connect the CPST Out BNC to a
monitor, or other Composite video device. Composite video signals are A/D
(input) and D/A (output) converted (10-bit).
Reference Video (looping)
These two BNC connectors allow you to synchronize Io HD outputs to your
house reference video signal (blackburst or composite sync for SD, or Trilevel for HD).
HDMI
Two HDMI connectors provide for input and output of HDMI
compatible video (version 1.1) and multi-channel (8) embedded
audio. HDCP is not supported on either input or output. Io HD’s
HDMI output does not have HDCP, and input sources having HDCP are not
supported. The HDMI input is designed to support long cable runs:
up to 100 ft when using 22 or 24AWG HDMI cable, or up to 50 ft using 28 or
30AWG HDMI cable. The HDMI output supports standard HDMI cables only.
Formats supported (video only):
525i, 625i, 720p 50/59.94/60, and 1080i 50/59.94/60 are supported on input
and output.
1080p23.98, 1080p24, 1080p25, 1080p29.97, and 1080p30 are supported for
output only.
The Io HD control panel allows selection and adjustment of some HDMI
parameters; please see Chapter 5—Io HD and Final Cut Pro for more information on
Control Panel operation.
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8 Channel AES/EBU Digital Audio
Inputs And Outputs
One BNC connector is provided for both the
channel 1 and 2 inputs, similarly input channels
3/4, 5/6, and 7/8 are also each grouped on 3
additional BNCs. Another group of 4 BNCs
provides the same channel groups for AES/EBU
outputs. In order to connect equipment having AES/EBU digital audio XLR
connectors, use appropriate adapters (not supplied).
Analog 4 Channel Balanced Audio Inputs and Outputs
Eight XLRs, 4 female for input and 4 male for output, provide 4 channels of
balanced audio. Audio is high-quality 24-bit A/D input and D/A output at 48kHz.
Level adjustments are provided via software for +15/18/24 dBu (full scale digital).
Analog 2 Channel Unbalanced Audio Output
Two RCA connectors provide an unbalanced stereo audio output pair for
driving inexpensive audio monitoring systems or for connection via Yadapter (not provided) for use with headphones.
RS422 Machine Control
A female DB9 connector provides connection for VTRs, digital
disk recorders, and other devices using RS422 SMPTE protocol.
FireWire
IEEE 1394b FireWire™ connector for connecting to the 800 Mb/s
FireWire connector on an Apple Mac Pro or MacBook Pro for passing
data. This connector does not support connection to any other FireWire
devices such as cameras or harddrives.
AC Power
A standard male AC power socket provides connection to the
3-conductor power cable. Ensure the Io HD is plugged into a
grounded socket. The internal Io HD power supply is autosensing,
meaning that it adjusts automatically to a mains supply from 100 to
240VAC at either 50 or 60Hz. A power switch is part of the
connector, allowing easy ON/OFF control.
Warning!
The Io HD chassis has no user-serviceable parts. An internal fuse protects the
circuitry; however, it can only be replaced by AJA service centers or AJA dealers.
To remove power from the unit, remove the AC line cord to ensure disconnection.
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Rear Panel
Warning!
Do not defeat the safety purpose of the polarized or grounding-type plug. A
polarized plug has two blades with one wider than the other. A grounding type
plug has two blades and a third grounding prong. The wide blade or the third
prong are provided for your safety. If the provided plug does not fit into your outlet,
consult an electrician for replacement of the obsolete outlet.
Warning!
Since the Mains plug is used as the disconnection for the device, it must remain
readily accessible and operable.
1
Warning!
Protect the power cord from being walked on or pinched particularly at plugs,
convenience receptacles, and the point where they exit from the device.
Warning!
Disconnect the external AC power supply line cord(s) from the mains power before
moving the unit.
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Chapter 3:
Getting Started
Io HD And Your Workflow
There are many possible ways to think about your video/audio workflow. Your
workflow setup might be categorized by the end product you produce,
whether it be corporate video, professional broadcast media, film work, or
desktop video. Or your workflow might be categorized by the type of
equipment used rather than the nature of the work produced. Today's nonlinear editing systems often consist of a mixture of equipment from high-end
professional to prosumer and are used to create a variety of programs and
projects. This chapter hopes to show how Final Cut Pro and Io HD can fit
into the variety of workflows you currently have—and make them more
efficient. Even though Apple desktops and laptops come equipped to handle
FireWire interfaces for formats such as DV or HDV, or file based structures
such as P2 or XDCamHD, there are many formats and tape based recordings
that do not have a FireWire interface that you might wish to capture and work
with in Final Cut Pro. AJA's Io HD and Apple's ProRes 422 codec make high
quality ingest via FireWire possible.
A Workflow Scenarios diagram on the following page shows types of
equipment, sorted by VTR source, and the types of workflow attributes and
applications supported. After the diagram, we also discuss some typical
applications.
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Source Deck Type(s)
Workflow Attributes
Analog
Examples: Beta, VHS, and U-matic
Digital
Examples: Digibeta, DV50, DVCPRO, and DVcam
Field or Remote Capture and Editing
Capture HD via ProRes 422 with a MacBook Pro
Monitoring one of many video/audio sources
Examples: monitoring studio equipment
or using older legacy equipment in an edit
suite
Applications
Io HD captures and outputs
S-video, component video (HD & SD),
and composite video, with
multi-channel audio
Corporate/Industrial
Pro Broadcast
On-site Editing
Io HD captures and outputs
SDI video with embedded
audio. Optionally, Application
can use AES/EBU 8 channel (in/out)
and/or SDI embedded 8 channel
(in/out)
Pro Broadcast
Corporate/Industrial
On-site Editing
IoHD captures via HD-SDI
to Apple ProRes 422 and Final Cut 6
is used to do field editing of the
material.
Monitoring a variety of legacy and
current devices for playback or
conversion can be a challenge. ,
AJA Io HD can use all of its I/O ports
simultaneously, supporting a
wide range of old and new analog
SD and HD equipment
configurations.
Desktop Video
Corporate/Industrial
On-site Editing
Pro Broadcast
Video Podcasting
Offline Editing,
On-site Editing,
Archival
Workflow Scenarios
Understanding Typical Workflows
Io HD and Final Cut Pro allow more workflow flexibility than ever before. Users
can independently select different formats and frame rates for capture. Io HD's
full array of SD and HD, analog and digital connectors—with all outputs active
simultaneously—make video preview and mastering an easy task. Capture can
range from compressed or uncompressed SD to ProRes 422 and ProRes 422
(HQ) for SD and HD.
Captured media can be stored on disk as:
• on-line quality at moderate bit rates
• offline quality at low bit rates
• 8 or 10 bit uncompressed (SD-only)
• or visually lossless, 10 bit, full raster ProRes 422 SD or HD
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Understanding Typical Workflows
As quality and codecs improve, the lines between offline and online are blurring.
For example, with the DVCPRO HD codec introduced in FCP HD (v.4.5),
native HD editing in the codec became possible, providing very high quality
results (true HD editing) at low data rates. Compare this to 100MB/sec and
higher for uncompressed HD formats, and you can immediately see the
benefits. ProRes 422 and ProRes 422 (HQ) take this equation one step further
by providing attributes for a compressed codec that exceed DVCProHD—with
full size video (not scaled) at 10 bit quality (as opposed to 8 bit) that is visually
lossless.
Following are summaries of the most common workflows, listing data rates and
relative quality levels. Some workflows require a RAID array and some will work
1 where this is
using the host Apple computer's internal system drive—it's noted
supported in the following discussions.
DV/DV25 (SD)
Data rate: 3+ MB/second (megabyte/second) standard definition only—
supported by internal system drive
Quality: Good
DV is commonly input to an Apple computer via FireWire. Io HD can capture
directly to DV compressed media from an uncompressed SDI source. For
devices that may not have FireWire (IEEE1394 or i.Link) connections, this
allows the user to capture to this low data rate, yet good quality codec. While
DV does offer good quality, it has lower chroma resolution when compared to
DV50, JPEG, or uncompressed. The Io HD can be used to convert DV projects
to uncompressed-in real time-for monitoring and/or output even if you haven't
captured the footage using the Io HD.
DV50 (SD)
Data rate: 6+ MB/second standard definition only—supported by internal
system drive
Quality: Very Good
Like DV25, Final Cut Pro also supports the Panasonic DV50 standard
definition codec. DV50 is a 4:2:2 compressed format and therefore has higher
chroma resolution when compared to DV25. Also like DV25, you can use Io
HD to convert DV50 projects to uncompressed—in real time—for monitoring
and/or output. Io HD can capture from its SDI input, directly to DV50
compression.
Uncompressed
8-bit 4:2:2 (SD)
Data rate: 21 MB/sec for standard definition—external storage recommended
Quality: Excellent, broadcast quality
Capturing in uncompressed results in clearly defined video, at full raster size and
4:2:2 chroma sampling. Using uncompressed maintains high quality from
capture all the way through effects rendering. Final Cut Pro supports RT with
uncompressed media using RT Extreme. Io HD supports capture of
uncompressed standard definition video through its SDI input. Uncompressed
media can output via all of the Io HD outputs simultaneously.
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Uncompressed
10-bit 4:2:2 (SD)
Data rate: 28 MB/second standard definition—external storage recommended
Quality: Excellent, broadcast quality
Capturing in an uncompressed format results in clearly defined video, and
maintains the full raster size with 4:2:2 chroma sampling. Using an uncompressed
format maintains high quality video from the capture stage of the timeline all the
way through effects rendering stage. Offering all the benefits noted previously for
8-bit uncompressed, 10-bit additionally offers higher color specificity for
compositing and color correction. With Uncompressed 10-bit 4:2:2 media, video
quality is second to none-at any price point - for non-linear post production.
DVCPRO HD
Data rate: 6 to 14 MB/second high definition—supported by internal system
drive
Quality: Excellent
Io HD can capture to DVCPro HD media via computer processing. DVCProHD
can be played back from a mixed format ProRes 422 codec timeline for
monitoring and/or output in both SD and HD.
Apple ProRes 422
and Apple ProRes
422 HQ
(SD or HD)
Data rate: 18 MB/second ProRes 422, 31 MB/second ProRes 422 HQ—
supported by internal system drive or attached storage
Quality: Excellent, broadcast quality
Captured media is virtually indistinguishable from pristine uncompressed sources.
Better yet, ProRes maintains the quality during editing, surviving multiple
encoding/decoding generations without degradation. It was designed by Apple for
editing, rather than as a transmission/distribution codec as are most popular
codecs. For HD, this is the preferred workflow for Io HD ingest into Final Cut
Pro 6. Some of the advantages include:
• Full-size 1920-by-1080 and 1280-by-720 HD resolutions.
• Full-size 720-by-486 and 720-by-576 SD resolutions.
• 4:2:2 chroma sampling. Provides precise compositing and blending at sharp
saturated-color boundaries.
• 10-bit sample depth. Preserves subtle gradients of 10-bit sources (perfect for
green-screen compositing, graphics or color correction) with no visible
banding artifacts.
• I frame-only encoding. Ensures consistent quality in every frame and no
artifacts from complex motion.
• Variable bit-rate (VBR) encoding. “Smart” encoding analyzes the image and
allocates more bits to complex frames.
• Low data rate requirements make for more storage options and require less
drive space to store high quality video.
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Workflow General Notes
Workflow General Notes
The previously discussed codecs are used in different ways based on project
characteristics. Some codecs create very high-quality offline files at low data rates for
projects that will ultimately be delivered in uncompressed format via an offline/online
process. Other projects may use these compressed formats to create final masters.
AJA provides Final Cut Pro Easy Setups with the Io HD, creating settings that can be
used in a “capture once-use in many steps” type of process. For example, you might
use the same files for editing, digital dailies for review from a digital projector, and
location footage for viewing and editing your work on your laptop. You can even
create screening cuts of the project for approval and audience testing. And, you can do
1 Apple ProRes
all these tasks with the same QuickTime file using the Io HD and the
422 codec.
Mixing and Matching Formats in Final Cut
Final Cut Studio 2 (Final Cut Pro 6) now lets users mix different formats on the
project timeline. The Apple ProRes 422 is a perfect codec for doing just that, since
you can first ingest with it and then edit your media with its I-frame-only encoding
(which maintains great quality). Ingested media maintains quality during editing,
playback, and mastering to tape.
A well thought out offline/online workflow should be mapped out before starting any
project. It makes sense to capture media into your system at the highest quality level
you expect to use in Final Cut to eliminate re-rendering and ensure the best results for
mastering. It’s also best to work with one format consistently for each timeline to
obtain the highest level of efficiency and the optimum system throughput.
However, if changes need to be made to the project workflow after the project has
begun, the Io HD gives users easy tools that can capture to a common codec with its
hardware based upconversion, downconversion and crossconversion capabilities.
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Chapter 4:
Installation & Configuration
Installation Overview
The installation and set up of an Io HD is very simple. Plug it in to AC mains
power and connect the FireWire 800 cable to a suitable Mac Pro, MacBook Pro or
Xserve’s FireWire 800 port with the cable supplied. All of the Installation and
Configuration steps are documented in this chapter and summarized below:
1. Unpack the shipping box
2. If not previously installed on your Power Mac or Xserve, ensure that Final
Cut Pro 6 is installed as detailed in its user documentation (or Final Cut
Studio 2—if running the full suite). Not only must Final Cut Pro be
installed in order for the Io HD Easy Setups to be properly installed for FCP
use, FCP should have been run at least once prior to installing the AJA Io
HD driver. If any other capture cards have been previously installed, the
software for those products should be removed before installing the Io HD
driver to avoid possible conflicts. This includes the previous SD-only AJA Io
and AJA KONA cards and their associated drivers.
3. Install AJA Io HD software on your Mac or Xserve from the supplied AJA
CD-ROM
4. Place the Io HD where you will be using it, close to AC power.
5. Cable the system audio and video sources, VTR, audio monitor, and video
monitor.
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24
Unpacking
Shipping Box
Contents
An Io HD ships with an AC power cord, two different types of FireWire cable, a
software installation CD (containing the PDF User Manual), and any latebreaking news bulletins (if applicable).
Box Contents
As you unpack the shipping box, carefully examine the contents. Ensure you
received everything and that nothing was damaged during shipment. If you find
any damage, immediately notify the shipping service and supply them with a
complete description of the damage. AJA will repair or replace damaged items.
If you find shipping damage, contact your AJA dealer or distributor for details on
how to have your Io HD repaired or replaced.
Note: Save packing materials and the shipping box. If you ever require service or
move your system—use the packaging materials and box for safe shipment.
Installing Io HD Software
First ensure that Final Cut Pro is installed as detailed in its user documentation.
Final Cut Pro must be installed and have been run at least once prior to installing
AJA Io HD software. You cannot use Io HD with Final Cut Pro until the AJA Io
HD software has been installed on the host Mac Pro or Xserve. For the latest AJA
software for your Io HD, visit www.aja.com and navigate to the support and
software downloads section of the site. AJA does provide software for the Io HD
on CD-ROM, but this may not be the most current version available. New
features or improvements may have been added since the creation of the CDROM.
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Installing Io HD Software
We recommend checking occasionally for both software updates and additional
product information by visiting our website.
If your Mac has previously had another video capture or multimedia card
installed, ensure you remove the card and uninstall any related software before
installing Io HD. This will prevent any hardware or software conflicts.
Software
Installation
Procedure
For the most recent version of the Io HD driver, it is best to visit the AJA
website at www.aja.com, download the driver and read the details and
requirements on the current driver in order to ensure compatibility with your
system configuration. Your system should be an Apple MacPro or MacBook Pro.
Minimum system requirements for the host are described in Chapter 1: System
1
Requirements.
Note: Before installing Io HD software, turn off any virus protection and
security software that you may have installed on your computer.
1. Visit the AJA website for the latest driver version appropriate to your
configuration. Alternately, if you have no internet connection, insert the
Io HD CD in the Mac; as noted, this driver version may not be the most
current.
2. Locate the downloaded driver on the desktop or the Io HD CD icon on
the desktop.
3. Locate the package file in the folder from the download or by double
clicking on the CD; the package has an icon that looks like a box and has
a “.pkg” suffix.
Note: Files ending in the “.pkg” suffix are OS X installer files. These launch
the OS X installer and tell it where and what to install on your system.
4. Double-click the package to log on and begin software installation.
5. The system will respond by asking you to authenticate who you are as
currently defined on your OS X user profile. Enter the proper name and
password at the Authenticate prompt; if you have multiple users defined,
ensure that you log on as a user with administrator-level authority.
Log On Authenticate Prompt
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26
6. Click on the OK button after entering a valid user and password.
7. The installer will launch and you will see a series of installer screens.
Initial Installer Screen
8. Click Continue to begin installation.
9. The next screen lets you know that the installer will check your Mac to
ensure it has the hardware and software resources required (see Minimum
Requirements in Chapter 1).
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Installing Io HD Software
27
1
System Check Installer Screen
10. Read and agree to the Software License Agreement.
Io HD Software License Agreement Screen
11. The next screen shows all the available drives on the Mac Pro (or MacBook
Pro). Click on the drive that contains your system files (Apple default is
“Macintosh HD”). A green arrow will point to the drive you’ve selected. Click
the Continue button to proceed with installation.
28
Select a Destination Drive For the Io HD Software
12. At the next screen, click the Install button to place the software on the drive
you previously selected.
Easy Install, Installer Screen
13. A system prompt will pop up with a reminder that OS X must be restarted
after installation. Click the Continue Installation button to proceed.
14. The installer will run and put all the necessary Io HD drivers, Io HD
Control Panel, presets and additional software on the desired hard drive.
When it has completed installation, a final screen will be displayed
announcing that “software was successfully installed.”
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Io HD Chassis Placement
15. Click the Restart button to complete the installation procedure. The system
will perform a software restart and be ready for use.
1
Final Installation Screen
Note: The AJA Io HD must be powered on prior to booting the computer. If the
Io HD is powered up after the computer, the AJA Control Panel application will not
be able to properly control the unit. If for any reason the Io HD is power cycled while
the computer remains powered, the computer must be rebooted for proper operation
of the Io HD.
When the Io HD is first powered on, valid video output signal is not displayed. To
activate valid video output, the Io HD Control Panel application should be opened
and the appropriate video format desired selected in the Format tab.
Io HD Chassis Placement
The Io HD is designed for use in a variety of environments:
Remote locations—with its convenient carrying handle and rugged construction, you
can take it just about anywhere for in the field capture and editing - with a
camera, MacBook Pro equipped with an ExpressCard/34 for external RAID
storage, and a storage array, you’re all set. Aside from the camera, these items can
usually fit in a backpack or a specialized carrying case.
Studio—place on an editing desk or studio table. With its small form factor, rubber
feet, and attractive front panel, the Io HD is at home in any editing studio or bay
alongside an Apple MacPro desktop computer.
Rack—place on a 19” equipment rackmount shelf (at 8.2” wide, you can fit two on
some rack shelves).
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30
When planning equipment locations and mounting methods, take into account the
weight and size of the chassis:
• Chassis Dimensions:
Height—4.8” with rubber feet (121.9 mm)
Depth—12” (304.8 cm)
Width—8.2” (208.3 cm)
Power—100 to 240VAC, 50/60Hz, 35 Watts
Warning!
Do not open the chassis. There are no user-serviceable parts inside. Opening the
chassis will void the warranty unless performed by an AJA service center or
licensed facility.
Cabling the System
Where to Place Io
HD
• Plan adequate space for cable routing from the back of the chassis. Ensure that
cable connectors are not stressed and that cables are not bent or crimped.
• When rackmounting, place it securely on a rack shelf, allowing adequate
airflow to both it and equipment above and below it. Note the location of
cooling vents on all equipment and ensure none are obstructed.
• Place the Io HD chassis where temperature and humidity are moderate.
System Video/Audio Cable Connections
When installing your system, you’ll make audio and video input/output
connections. These connectors are explained individually in chapter 2. Here, system
interconnection is shown and described.
The Io HD chassis should be plugged into AC power before you make connections
— although it should not be switched on. The AC cord provides a path to ground
for accidental static discharge and protects system equipment.
Typical Digital System
A figure on the following page shows typical system interconnections for a system
with digital A/V sources. Your system may differ depending on VTRs, audio
monitoring, and video monitoring.
1. If desired, connect your house reference sync/blackburst generator to the Io
HD Ref connector (BNC). The second Io HD Ref (out) connector can be
connected to your VTR or terminated with a 75 ohm terminator (also
optional).
2. Connect a Video Monitor to the Io HD Component Analog Video Out BNC
connectors (preferred), or instead connect to any available video output for
monitoring (all are active).
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — System Video/Audio Cable
3. Connect a 9-pin DB9 machine control cable between your VTR’s RS422
control port and the Io HD RS422 connector.
4. Connect two SDI cables between Io HD and your digital VTR (Digital
Betacam etc.): one from Io HD SDI In to the VTR SDI Out, and one from Io
HD SDI Out (1 or 2) to the VTR SDI In. The Io HD SDI connections have
embedded audio so the VTR must be configured accordingly.
5. If you have an AES/EBU-ready audio monitoring system, then connect the
eight channels of AES/EBU output from Io HD’s BNC connectors (one pair
each) to the monitoring system AES/EBU input BNCs.
If you instead have a pair of analog powered monitors, then connect via the Io
HD Audio Mon RCA connectors (1 for each channel of the stereo pair).
1
6. Connect the Io HD FireWire 800 connector to your host Mac via the FireWire
800 port using the standard IEEE 1394b cable provided. A second alternate
cable is also provided that bridges between FireWire 800-style connectors and
FireWire 400-style connectors.
Ensure that you do not use FireWire drives on your host Mac for read/write at
the same time you’re using Io HD for realtime capture/playback. They can be
connected but cannot be used at the same time. Also, if you experience
problems with playback or capture, ensure Appletalk is turned Off; in some
rare circumstances it can affect system operation. If using a MacBook Pro and
using FireWire drives for media storage, ensure you’ve connected the drives via
an ExpressBus card (FireWire 800) so that the drives aren’t on the same
FireWire bus as the Io HD.
Also be sure that the Io HD is the only FireWire based capture device
connected to the computer.
If you want to use other FireWire based devices in addition to Io HD, such as
cameras or VTRs, for proper operation, you must only use one device at a
time. This means that if you want to capture from an HDV camera via
FireWire, you should connect the camera to the host computer with the Io HD
not powered up or not connected while the camera is being used for input/
output. If you finish using the camera and want to use the Io HD, power down
the system, power down and/or disconnect the camera, connect and/or power
up the Io HD, then start the computer.
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Typical System Connections
Typical Analog System
System interconnections for a system with analog A/V sources are shown on the
previous page. Your system may differ depending on VTRs, audio monitoring, and
video monitoring.
1. If desired, connect your house reference sync to the Io HD Ref input
connector (BNC). The Io HD Ref output connector can be connected to
your VTR.
Note: The Ref Output connector is not a loop-through—the input is terminated
internally and buffered to the output. Both input and output Ref connections are
75 ohm.
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Genlock and Your System
2. Connect a Video Monitor to the Io HD Composite Analog Video Out BNC
connector, or instead connect a monitor via the S-Video Out connector (4-pin
mini-DIN).
3. Connect a 9-pin DB9 machine control cable between your VTR’s RS422
machine control port and the Io HD RS422 connector.
4. Connect Component Video cables between Io HD and your analog VTR
(BVW-75 etc.): one from Io HD Component Video In BNCs (3) to the VTR
Component Video Out BNCs (3), and one from Io HD Component Video Out
BNCs (3) to the VTR Component Video In BNCs (3).
5. Connect audio cables between Io HD and your analog VTR (BVW-75 etc.):
connect the four channels of Io HD Balanced Audio Out to the VTR’s four
1 of Io HD
Audio Inputs (A1/A2/A3/A4). Next, connect the four channels
Balanced Audio In to the VTR’s four Audio Outputs (A1/A2/A3/A4). Use
balanced audio cables for all connections; these will have XLR connectors on
both ends (male on the output side/female on the inputs).
6. Connect the Io HD FireWire 800 connector to your host Mac or Xserve
FireWire 800 port using the standard IEEE 1394b cable provided. A second
alternate cable is also provided that bridges between FireWire 800-style
connectors and FireWire 400-style connectors. (Observe the same notes
previously given under “Typical Digital System” for FireWire drives and the
use of other FireWire devices when working with Io HD.)
Genlock and Your System
For video stability and proper system operation, it’s always best to genlock all
equipment to house sync (also known as reference). Although genlock is not
absolutely required for Io HD or your system, better quality and repeatable operation
will be experienced by doing so. Usually, this means using a black burst generator
(standard definition) or Tri-level sync generator (high definition) output looped
through the system. On the Io HD, house sync is connected to the “Ref ” input BNC
(Reference Video).
Understanding Io HD and FireWire 800
FireWire 800 is a cross-platform implementation of the high-speed serial data bus
defined by IEEE Standard 1394b-2002. It can be used to move large amounts of data
between computers and peripheral devices—any type of data. It features simplified
cabling, hot swapping, and transfer speeds of up to 800 megabits per second. AJA has
codeveloped Io HD with Apple to use FireWire to transfer 10-bit uncompressed SD
video, ProRes 422 (SD and HD) and ProRes 422 HQ HD video and 24-bit audio to
and from a Mac Pro, MacBook Pro, or Xserve.
Most people associate FireWire technology with DV or HDV. The AJA
Video Io HD does not use FireWire like a DV camcorder——rather Io
HD uses the impressive bandwidth of FireWire as a conduit to send A/
V data to and from the host Mac or Xserve, regardless of whether it’s
uncompressed SD or Apple ProRes 422.
Note: When possible, use FireWire 800 ports on the host Mac when
connecting Io HD.
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Using 8-bit Versus 10-bit Video in Standard Definition
While both 8- and 10-bit uncompressed video are capable of providing excellent
quality broadcast video, 10-bit represents a significantly higher quality and is
preferable in many situations when working with standard definition video. (When
working with HD, you’ll want to use Apple ProRes 422 in most cases—unless the
media has already been transferred via FireWire to the Mac, in which case you
might consider HDV or DVCPROHD as alternatives—although ProRes 422 will
still be generally preferable.)
Because 10-bit video has four times the numerical precision when compared to 8bit, it has a signal-to-noise ratio 12 db higher than 8-bit video.
Visually, in 8-bit video compared to 10-bit video, you will notice a substantial
difference. In 8-bit video there will be “contour lines” or “striations” visible,
particularly noticeable in scenes having soft gradients like a ramp or sunset. For
example, if a sky region is mostly the same color but varies by only a few digital
numbers from one side of the picture to another, you may see contour lines where
the signal passes from one digital value to the next higher value.
Since each numerical value in a 10-bit system is only one fourth as large as an 8-bit
system's, these contours become invisible and the sky varies smoothly.
10-bit video is often used when the source and output video (or “master”) is also 10bit. Even if the input and/or output video is 8-bit, a 10-bit “project” will maintain a
higher quality when significant effects rendering is involved.
Industry standard professional mastering formats—Sony Digital Betacam for
Standard Definition and Panasonic D5 for High Definition—are both true 10-bit
formats.
Chapter 5:
Final Cut Pro and Other Software
Final Cut Pro
After you install the Io HD software on your Mac, all you need to do to begin using
it is to become familiar with the AJA Control Panel and how Final Cut Pro works
with Io HD.
With Final Cut Pro you'll choose the proper setups from those provided by AJA to
utilize the Io HD for input and output. These provided setups are called “Easy
Setups” in Final Cut Pro and are available to use under Audio/Video Settings in the
“Final Cut Pro” menu (next to the apple menu). For unique workflows or situations,
the AJA provided Easy Setups may be copied and modified.
You'll also need to gain familiarity with the AJA Control Panel, which will be used
for source input selection, configuring many Io HD features, and for creating your
own preset configurations for different applications.
The manual you are reading does not provide operational information about Final
Cut Pro. Please read the Final Cut Pro user documentation provided with it for
information on configuration and operation. The chapter you are reading addresses
configuration and setup unique to the use of Io HD with Final Cut Pro and other
applications.
Using The AJA Control Panel
The Io HD uses the AJA Control Panel—a software application that provides a
simple visual way to see how the Io HD is currently configured and then make
changes as desired. Control Panel settings can be saved as a preset for recall at
anytime. This lets you store settings associated with all your frequent tasks; then as
you switch tasks you don't have to spend extra time constantly resetting
configurations-just load the previously saved settings for each task. To save a Preset,
simply make the changes as desired in the interface, and choose File>Save Preset
from the AJA Control Panel pulldown menu.
One thing you'll notice instantly about the control panel is that it
represents a visual block diagram of how the Io HD is set. The current
status of the up-converters/downconverters, the input and output
settings, and many other details can be viewed as a color-coded block
diagram in the control panel.
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1
36
You can even access the AJA Control Panel application without exiting the
application by first holding down the command key (Apple key) before mouse
clicking on the AJA Control Panel application on the desktop.
For this reason, it is useful to leave the AJA Control Panel application on the
desktop while you work in applications and simply command click into it to
access it if you are unsure of a setting or wish to make a change.
Control Panel
Basics
Although the Io HD auto-detects the input format depending on the input
presented, and the Control Panel intuitively shows at a glance much about what
the Io HD is doing—there is even more information presented that may not be
obvious. To ensure you make the most of the software, run the AJA Control Panel
application and look at its display. Then refer to the “Basics” described here to
better understand what you're seeing and learn how to view and change the Io
HD system configuration.
Before we go into too much detail, here are some basic definitions you should
know (please refer to the figure that follows for reference). After studying the
basics, read “Who is Controlling Io HD?” later in this chapter for more advanced
information on how applications interact with the Io HD.
Tabbed Screens—the bottom area of the AJA Control Panel provides different
information categorized by topic. Clicking on one of the “Tab” items from
the left navigation column will result in an information screen corresponding
to that tab’s topic. Each of these tabbed windows are described on the
following pages.
Tabs screens available are:
Control: configures Io HD default output (test pattern, pass through, desktop,
etc.) plus setting genlock and output timing.
Format: select the framebuffer primary video format, any secondary.
formats, and parameters of up/down/crossconversion for input/output.
Input Select: view and edit input selections and how they are mapped.
SDI Output: assign outputs to either Primary or Secondary formats.
HDMI: configure the HDMI input and output
Analog Output: configure the component/composite +Y/C analog output.
Video Setup: configures Video options such as composite black level.
Audio Setup: configures analog audio monitor level and delay.
Conversion: used to select codec options such as whether paused video
appears as a full frame or a single field (jitter shown or not shown) and 24
to 30 fps padding patterns.
Timecode: monitor RP-188 timecode and configure timecode window burn
output (Note: SMPTE 12M-2 is the updated name and specification for
what was RP-188)
Timelapse: enables the capture of select frames over a specified time interval.
IoHD: allows you to store the current state of the IoHD as a preset that can be
recalled. This provides the ability of storing numberous “canned” presets
for differing applications. This screen also is used to configure the front”
panel LED display.
Info: displays status information about the Io HD. This information is
generally intended for troubleshooting and support.
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Using The AJA Control Panel
37
Block Diagram Screen—the top area of the AJA Control Panel shows a visual
picture representing the processing (if any) that's currently occurring,
including inputs/outputs, any up/down/cross conversion, reference source,
and system status. Lines between inputs, the framebuffer, and outputs,
show a video path. Where there are no lines, it shows there is no
connection; this can be either because an input or output isn't selected or
because no video is present at the selected input.
Icon objects on the block diagram screen (input/output icons, frame buffer,
etc.-also called “widgets”-indicate their status by color (explained later) and
when clicked will bring up the proper tabbed screen used to configure that
item. For example, clicking on an SDI output icon will cause the “SDI
1
Output” tab screen to be displayed below the block diagram. With the
mouse on a block diagram element, you can also control click to reveal
contextual drop down menus for certain functions.
Text Color—Colored text in the block diagram provides an indication of signal
type and what the Io HD is doing. Text in blue shows the values
automatically selected, while text in black shows values that have been
manually selected. Text in red shows that the Io HD is not detecting a
signal or cannot negotiate with the attached device (even if it can’t detect an
output device, it still shows the signal it is outputting).
Framebuffer
Format
(“Primary Format”)
Currently
Selected
Tab Screen
Outputs:
SDI, HDMI
and analog
Inputs
Tab Screen Choices—
Click One To Edit/View A Topic
AJA Control Panel, Block Diagram
38
Framebuffer—the framebuffer is the “engine” in the Io HD where active video
operations take place using Final Cut Pro, other 3rd-party applications, or
even Io HD itself. The framebuffer has a format (called the “Primary Format”
and color space that it follows, as defined in the Tabbed Windows or via
external application software such as the “Easy Setups” in Final Cut).
It is important to realize that inside the Macintosh many applications can use
the Io HD (as you switch from window to window) and it may not always be
obvious which is currently controlling it. The AJA Control Panel displays the
name of the application controlling the Io HD in red text on the Format and
Control tabs of the interface. If an application does not properly “let go” of
the Io HD as another takes over-you'll be able to tell by looking at the
Control Panel.
Primary (Framebuffer) Format—the video format currently assigned to Io HD.
This is the format that the framebuffer will use and is shown in the Control
Panel using the color blue. All icons in blue are the same as the Primary
Format used by the framebuffer. Also any text descriptions in the block
diagram that appear in blue also indicate that something is in the primary
format. So, for example, if you see that the input and output icons are blue,
then you know that the same format is used throughout the video path and
that no format conversion is being performed. If a different color is displayed
on the input or output, green for example, then you know that Io HD is
performing a format conversion in the video path.
Secondary Format—any format other than the currently selected Primary
Format, is a secondary format. As described previously, this means that either
the Inputs or Outputs are somehow different from the framebuffer’s assigned
format (i.e., the “Primary Format”). This can be seen at a glance because the
color will be different than blue.
Input/Output Icons—the input and output icons are triangles that together with
their color show all the input and outputs and their status (selected, not
selected, input present or not, format, etc.). A complete video path is shown
when inputs and outputs are connected with lines going to/from the
framebuffer.
Input/Output Icons
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Using The AJA Control Panel
39
Conversion Icons—when an input or output is a different standard than the
framebuffer then the Io HD may be upconverting, downconverting or
crossconverting the signal to the proper standard. This may be automatic, because
it's detected an input signal that differs from the standard currently selected, or
because you've explicitly told it to convert. In either case, the block diagram will
show the conversion by displaying a conversion icon in between the input/output
and the framebuffer. In the case of cross-conversion, the type of crossconvert will
be shown under the icon (in the example that follows, it's “1080 to 720”).
Down, Up, and Cross Conversion Icons
1
If you click on a conversion icon, the Tab Screen will change to the Format
scneen, allowing you to view/edit settings.
Color Meanings—all items in the AJA Control Panel block diagram are color-coded
to show what is happening in realtime. This applies to both icons and text. These
colors have the following corresponding meanings:
Blue: video is same format as the Primary Format (framebuffer)
Red: there is no video, the selected operation cannot be performed, or an invalid
selection has been made
Yellow: reference video (black burst or other reference source)
Green: indicates that Io HD is performing some kind of active change to the
video, to make it different from the Primary Format (e.g., up/down/cross convert,
SD-SD aspect change, etc.).
40
Control Tab
Screen
The Io HD can be controlled by various software applications running on a host
Mac as well as be used as a Macintosh Desktop extension. The Control Tab is where
you select how the Io HD directs video and is used by application software. This
screen also provides control for configuring output timing with regard to external
reference video and horizontal/vertical delay.
At the top of the Control screen it will show the current Default Output and the
application currently controlling the Io HD (if there is one). For example, in the
screen shown here, the default output is a Test Pattern.
AJA Control Panel, Control Tab
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Using The AJA Control Panel
Control Tab Screen Settings
Default Video Output—this is where you select what Io HD will output as a default
when no application has control of it, such as when the Finder is active. Since Io HD
can be controlled by software applications as well as its own control panel, the output
can change dynamically. Some video applications will grab control of the Io HD
inputs/outputs. These settings determine what happens when an application is active
that does not grab the Io HD inputs/outputs.
1
AJA Control Panel, Control Tab, Default Io HD Output Pulldown Menu
Default Io HD Output Choices and their meanings:
Input Pass through: this selection directs Io HD to route video from its selected
input through the Io HD for processing and output. When this selection is in
effect, all Primary/Secondary Format selections are available for selection in
controlling the output. This in effect makes the Io HD a converter when used in
conjunction with the AJA Control Panel application and a Mac. No applications
other than the AJA Control Panel need to be open to convert audio and video
from one format to another. For example, if an SD source tape needs to be
dubbed to an HD tape, the signal might be routed from the SD VTR to the Io
HD, configured for upconversion in the Control Panel and then passed through
to the HD VTR for recording.
Test Pattern: this selection directs Io HD to output a choice of preset pattern
when no other application is using the Io HD. In addition to the provided test
pattern choices, a “Load File...” selection at the bottom of the menu allows you to
load any standard Mac RGB graphics file (.tif, .psd, etc.) into the frame buffer for
display.
Note: The graphic file will not be scaled to fit. If it's smaller than the current frame
buffer format, Io HD will center it in the frame. If it's larger than the current frame
buffer format, it will be cropped on the right and bottom. Also some graphics formats
and bit depths may not be supported. Once a graphic file is loaded into the frame
buffer it will be retained until it is overwritten by another graphic or test pattern, or
when power is turned off. Graphic file names are only “remembered” in the menu as
long as the AJA Control Panel application is running.
AJA Control Panel, Test Pattern Choices
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Hold Last Application: this selection directs Io HD to hold and output the last frame
of video from the last application to control Io HD. This can be helpful when
operating in an environment where you're switching back and forth between
multiple application windows.
Tip: pressing and holding the Apple COMMAND key while clicking in the
AJA Control Panel—while in any software application (Final Cut, etc.)—causes
control of the Io HD to stay with that application, rather than shifting to the
Control Panel. This works regardless of the setting of “Default Io HD Output.”
Genlock (Freerun, Ref In, Video In)—selects how Io HD will synchronize program
video:
Freerun: In this mode, Io HD generates sync without an external reference
source
Ref In: Directs Io HD to use the Ref Video source for sync (usually an analog
black burst video signal)
Video In: Directs Io HD to use whichever video input source has been selected
in the Inputs tab window for sync.
Timing (Horiz and Vert)—these two pull-downs allow output timing adjustment
with reference to the Ref Video source selected. The Horizontal reference can
be adjusted by selecting a number of pixels (clocks) to offset. Vertical can be
adjusted by specifying a number of lines to offset.
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Using The AJA Control Panel
Format Tab Screen
The Formats screen shows the video format currently in use by the Io HD framebuffer
(called the Primary Format) and allows you to change it. All throughout the AJA
Control Panel, choices are always presented based on what Io HD can do with the
signals available and the inputs/outputs selected; this includes control over whether
up/down/cross conversion is employed.
1
AJA Control Panel, Formats Tab
Format Tab Screen Settings
Primary (Framebuffer) Format—this pull-down menu shows the currently selected
format. This pull-down appears in both the Primary Format area of the Formats
screen as well as the Secondary Format area (if present). If you select an alternate
value in the Primary Format using the pull-down, it will change the format used
by Io HD's framebuffer. When a change is made via the Video Format pull-down
or by clicking an icon (widget) and selecting a new format via a contextual menu,
the block diagram will change to reflect the new format.
VANC—enables or disables VANC data capture and playback.
Secondary (Converted) Format—the formats available can vary based on what the
Primary Format is and the input signal (frame rates of input sources limits the to/
from conversion choices). The “Secondary Video Format” pull-down menu lists
all compatible formats in black (incompatible formats are shown in gray and
cannot be selected). This allows you to see what you've chosen, and also see those
formats that are compatible with the selected Primary format.
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Note: The AJA Control Panel software uses the abbreviation “sf ” instead of “Psf ”
when referring to “progressive segmented frame” formats. In the manual and in
other literature you may see either of these acronyms used interchangeably. Visually
it is easier to discern at a glance if you are working with progressively segmented
frame formats (sf in the AJA Control Panel) as compared to progressive frame
formats which will show only “p.”
Crossconversion: if you have an HD format as your primary and then select a
secondary HD format with a different frame size, the Io HD will perform a
crossconversion where necessary (input or output) for “like Hz” formats. By like
Hz this means that 720P 59.94 may be converted to 1080i 29.97 (59.94Hz).
Converting from disparate Hz is not supported on the Io HD for
crossconversions. The example below shows 1080i to 720p.
AJA Control Panel, Formats Tab Showing Crossconversion, 1080i to 720p
AJA Control Panel, Formats Tab Showing 1080i Downconvert
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Using The AJA Control Panel
Down (Conversion)—for downconversion the following choices are available:
Anamorphic: full-screen “stretched” image
Letterbox: image is reduced with black top and bottom added to image area with
the aspect ratio preserved
Crop: image is cropped to fit new screen size
1
Up (Conversion)—the Up and Down pull-down menus are available when
conversion has been selected for the video path to/from the framebuffer and like
Hz formats are selected (the one exception is 1080PsF 23.98 which can be
downconverted to 525i 29.97.) Different choices will be available depending on
the type of conversion and formats being converted. SD to SD conversions are
essentially aspect ratio conversions to accommodate transforming anamorphic
images to letterbox or vice versa.
Note: The AJA Io HD is not a standards conversion device for conversions such as
NTSC to PAL or vice versa.
For Upconversion the following choices are available:
Anamorphic: full-screen “stretched” image
Pillar box 4:3: results in a 4:3 image in center of screen with black sidebars
Zoom 14:9: results in a 4:3 image zoomed slightly to fill a 14:9 image
with black sidebars
Zoom Letterbox: results in image zoomed to fill full screen
Zoom Wide: results in a combination of zoom and horizontal stretch to fill
a 16:9 screen; this setting can introduce a small aspect ratio change
SD to SD—this pulldown is for SD to SD aspect ratio conversion.
Letterbox: this transforms SD anamorphic material to a letterboxed image.
H Crop: will produce a horizontally stretched effect on the image; transforms
anamorphic SD to full frame SD
Pillarbox: will produce an image in the center of the screen with black borders on
the left and right sides and an anamorphized image in the center
V Crop: will transform SD letterbox material to an anamorphic image
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Input Select
Tab Screen
Click an icon
to select an Input
AJA Control Panel, Input Select Tab
On the Input Select screen you can view the currently selected video and audio
input sources and map audio sources to the channels supported by Final Cut Pro
(more on this later). Two information panes in the screen are provided: Video Input
and Audio Input.
Input Tab Screen Settings
Video Input—these pulldown menus (Source, SDI and Analog) allow you to see and
change what's currently selected and the video format that Io HD has detected
(if any). In the example shown, it shows that video is selected at the HDMI
input and the format is 1080i with a frame rate of 29.97. Since this text is
shown in blue, you can tell that it does match the framebuffer's primary format
you've set in the “Formats” screen. By looking at the input source, you can
determine how the primary format should likely be set (unless you want to
perform a conversion on input.) If you wish to select a different input you can
do so by clicking a different radio button.
If Analog is selected, then you also need to select the Analog Format via the
Analog pulldown menu on the right side. Choices are:
Composite
Y/C
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Using The AJA Control Panel
Component (SMPTE/EBU N10)
Component (Beta)
Audio Input—this pulldown menu allows you to pick where the audio comes from.
Io HD supports 2 unbalanced analog audio channels (RCA), 4 balanced analog
audio channels (XLR), 8 channels of HDMI embedded audio, 8 channels of AES
via BNC, or 8 channels of SDI embedded audio. Here you can also select which
two channels from the 8 embedded would be mapped to Final Cut's if only two
channels were selected in the application. FCP supports multi-channel input and
output so you may elect to select up to all 8 embedded audio channels.
1
Audio Input Select Choices
Audio Map Channel Choices
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SDI Output
Tab Screen
The SDI Output tab shows the current settings for both of the SDI outputs.
Because the outputs can be configured independently, one output may be the
Primary format and the other output may be the Secondary format. If an input/
output has no video, it will be indicated on the block diagram (“No Video”).
AJA Control Panel, SDI Output Tab
SDI Output Tab Screen Settings
Separate information panes will be listed (as applicable) for SDI Outputs 1 and 2.
Information that can appear includes the following items. You can view the current
setting or click on another to change to it:
Primary—when selected, this indicates that the SDI output is set to the same
format as the framebuffer. That value will be listed in blue.
Secondary—when selected, this indicates that the SDI output is set to a format
different from the framebuffer (Primary Format). That secondary format value
will be listed in green. This shows that active processing of the video is taking
place (format change and possibly even up/down/cross-conversion).
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Using The AJA Control Panel
HDMI Tab Screen
The Io HD’s HDMI input and output are shown and configured at this tab screen.
The HDMI input pane shows if an HDMI input source has been detected and locked
on, showing the format found.
1
AJA Control Panel, HDMI Tab
HDMI Tab Screen Settings
HDMI Output—a pulldown allows you to select either the primary video format
(framebuffer) or a secondary one (up/down/cross-conversion). Four other
pulldown menus allow you to further choose Protocol at the HDMI output
connector as either HDMI or DVI, the desired colorspace and output range, and
whether 2 or 8 channels of audio are output.
HDMI Input—there are two different RGB ranges commonly expected at the
HDMI input—use the RGB range pulldown menu to tell the Io HD which will
be input (SMPTE or Full).
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Analog Out Tab
Screen
Io HD provides a high-quality analog component or composite + Y/C output,
generally used for monitoring. This screen shows the current settings for that analog
output, and allows you to re-configure it when desired (format). Radio buttons
allow you to select primary or secondary format—which could enable up/down/
cross-conversion.
Note: Composite and Y/C (S-Video) are only able to support SD signals, not HD.
AJA Control Panel, Analog Out Tab
Analog Out Tab Screen Settings
Primary/Secondary—this pulldown selects whether the framebuffer format
(Primary) or a conversion is applied to the analog output (Secondary).
Analog Format—choices in the Analog Format pulldown menu vary depending
upon the Analog Output video standard. The composite or Y/C is only
available when an SD (525i29.97 or 625i25) format is in use or
downconversion from HD has been selected.
Analog formats can include:
Component (SMPTE/EBU N10)
Component (Beta)
Component (RGB)
Component (RGB -HV)
Monitor Audio—here you can select which two channels will be mapped to the
unbalanced analog audio outputs (the two RCA connectors).
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Using The AJA Control Panel
Video Setup
Tab Screen
Io HD provides a high-quality analog component or composite output, generally used
for monitoring. This screen shows the current settings for that analog output, and
allows you to re-configure it when desired.
1
AJA Control Panel, Video Setup Tab
Video Setup Tab Screen Settings
Analog Black Level—choices in the black Level pulldown menu are only available for
the two Composite analog formats. Choices presented are for US or Japan:
7.5 IRE (NTSC US)
0 IRE (NTSC Japan)
QuickTime Video Output Display Filter—this filter is designed to help manage the
comprehensive list of video outputs that may be available to applications,
particularly Final Cut Pro's A/V Devices tab. By selecting a checkbox next to a
desired parameter, the video outputs related to the specified parameter are
enabled as possible video outputs for applications. As an example, if the checkbox
next to 25/50 is unchecked, 50Hz video outputs are deselected and would not be
available to the user in the A/V Devices tab of Final Cut Pro. To avoid confusion
when working in a particular editorial environment, users might elect to leave
50Hz unchecked if they work solely in a 60Hz editorial environment. The same
might be true for users who do not intend to work with true progressive 1080
material (Progressive checkbox).
Note: If a prompt occurs in Final Cut Pro stating that the AJA output device is
missing, this simply may be due to the Active Video Filter for a given parameter being
unchecked for the format being selected in the application. If this occurs, simply
make the appropriate selection in the Control Panel application and re-enter Final
Cut Pro where the selection should now be available.
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Audio Setup
Tab Screen
This screen provides controls for configuring Io HD Audio Gain, analog audio
monitoring, and delay.
AJA Control Panel, Audio Setup Tab
Audio Setup Tab Screen Settings
Lock Audio Gain To Unity—when set, the Io HD will ignore the Final Cut Pro
gain setting and set the audio gain at unity. Not setting this checkbox tells the
Io HD to get the audio gain setting from Final Cut Pro.
Analog Audio Monitor Level—these radio buttons determine the audio level that
will appear at the Analog Audio Output RCA connector pair (“FSD” is fullscale-deflection reading as measured on a VU meter). Select +18 for Europe or
+24 for USA.
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Using The AJA Control Panel
Audio Delay—Audio can be offset or delayed for certain capture or monitoring
situations where this would be desirable. Audio Delay sliders controlling input
and output values are provided.
Audio Delay Input: Some devices have analog audio and digital video that may
be used as sources, but may not necessarily be in sync. The original Canon XL-H1
is an example of such a device. The HD-SDI output on this particular camcorder
does not include embedded audio. The camcorder does provide analog audio
outputs. These analog audio outputs, however, are not necessarily in sync with
the picture from the HD-SDI video output since they take different circuitry
paths through the camera. In a case like this, the Audio Delay Input feature may
be useful for offsetting the audio to match the video coming from
1 the device.
Note: The Canon XL-H1s, a newer version of this HD camcorder, includes
embedded audio in the HD-SDI output and analog audio and digital video need not
be used.
Audio Delay Output: In some cases, monitors such as consumer LCD units, may
have video delay inherent in their circuitry. For these monitors, the Audio Delay
Output feature may be useful for offsetting the audio to match the video on the
monitor. This audio delay feature can also be useful when performing video
conversions where video processing can take a frame to occur.
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Conversion
Tab Screen
This screen offers a variety of controls that determine how the Io HD behaves under
Final Cut Pro.
AJA Control Panel, Codec Tab
Conversion Tab Screen Settings
Pause On—these two choices determine what happens when Final Cut Pro is
paused in stop mode:
Full Frame: both fields are displayed resulting in some jitter while paused.
Single Field: a single field is displayed, showing no flicker (useful when color
correcting or whenever the flickering would be a distraction).
3-2 Pulldown Pattern—after format selection, the value selected in this pulldown is
used whenever you’ve chosen to do 24 frames-per-second to 30 conversion
where extra fields are added to pad existing ones. Depending on video content,
selection of different field patterns may be useful in reducing jitter due to the
content of adjacent fields. The numbers in the pattern choices specify the
frequency with which inserted fields will be repeated. For example, “2:3:2:3”
means duplicate a field twice, then the next field three times, then the next
twice, and then back to three times.
3-2 Pulldown Offset—select a frame offset value from 0 to 4.
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Using The AJA Control Panel
Timecode Tab
Screen
The timecode screen is used for both monitoring the RP-188 timecode embedded in
the digital data stream and for selecting a timecode offset on output (if desired).
Settings for the output section of the tab can be used to create window burn
superimposed timecode outputs.
1
AJA Control Panel, Timecode Tab
Note: SMPTE 12M-2 is the updated name and specification for what was
RP-188.
Timecode Tab Screen Settings
Input
Pulldown Menu —use this pull-down to select the type of timecode you expect to
receive at input. The selection will be displayed in the timecode value displayed to
the right of the pull-down. You can select RP188 timecode choices for SDI
stream embedded timecode, or LTC (via the LTC BNC connector) or VITC:
RP188 LTC
RP188 VITC1
RP188 VITC2
LTC Port
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User Bits—for monitoring variable frame rate (VFR) timecode (for example,
Varicam), you may wish to monitor the user bits embedded in the timecode. If
you set this checkbox, Io HD will detect and interpret the user bits and display
them next to the checkbox.
Output
Use QuickTime Timecode—when checked, this directs Io HD to output timecode
from the QuickTime timecode track. When not checked, Io HD uses the
Output Timecode Offset value plus the number of frames into the movie.
Note: not all QuickTime applications use or support timecode tracks, so
sometimes the QuickTime timecode is missing or not meaningful.
Output Timecode Offset (entry field and FPS pull-down)—this text entry field
allows you to specify a timecode offset for use with Final Cut Pro (or any other
application that has timecode offsets that are user-controlled). In FCP, go to
“Timeline Options” and locate the “Starting Timecode” value. Use that same
value here as the “Output Timecode Offset” to ensure the timecode is
synchronized.
Note: SMPTE RP 188 defines a standard for the transmission of time code and
control code in the ancillary data space of a digital television data stream. Time code
information is transmitted in the ancillary data space as defined in ANSI/SMPTE
291M. Multiple codes can be transmitted within a single digital video data stream.
Other time information, such as real time clock, DTTR tape timer information,
and other user-defined information, may also be carried in the ancillary time code
packet instead of time code. The actual information transmitted through the
interface is identified by the coding of a distributed binary bit. Equipment
manufacturers can use the meta data for different purposes.
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Using The AJA Control Panel
Timelapse Tab
Screen
This Tabbed screen is used for the Io HD timelapse feature. To use the timelapse
capability, choose the "Enable Timelapse Capture" checkbox. This functionality is
enabled for all QuickTime capture applications (Final Cut Pro, VTR Xchange, etc.)
Set the "Capture" and "For Interval" parameters as desired. Launch a capture
application like Final Cut Pro, select the desired Easy Setup for the video format
desired. You will not need to change anything within the application; the timelapse
feature will produce QuickTime files with the framerate specified by the Easy Setup
used. The resulting timelapse clip can be used without additional rendering.
1
AJA Control Panel, Timelapse Tab
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IoHD Tab Screen
AJA Control Panel, IoHD Tab
IoHD Stand Alone Mode—while connected to the Mac, Io HD can be configured
for a set of parameters and then disconnected from the Mac for use by itself as a
stand-alone converter. An example would be using the Io HD in Stand Alone
Mode as an SD to HD upconverter.
To use the Io HD in this way, select the Io HD Stand Alone Mode pulldown
from the Control tab screen. Next, select Current Setting or Factory Setting.
Factory Setting is the factory default settings as shipped from AJA. Selecting
Current Settings means using the exact settings currently configured on the AJA
control panel when in standalone mode. After choosing one of these selections,
click the Burn... button to save the settings into Io HD’s non-volatile memory
for use unconnected from a Mac.
After doing so, there will be a short time to complete the internal process—and
then you may power down and disconnect the Io HD. From this point, the Io
HD is a stand alone converter and will retain the parameters selected when it is
powered back on. The Io HD remains in Stand Alone Mode until it is once
again connected to a Mac via FireWire. Turning it ON and OFF will not take it
out of Stand Alone Mode until is again connected to a Mac via FireWire.
Note: The AJA Io HD can also be used as a converter device while it is connected
to a Mac if the Default Video Output in the Control tab of the Control Panel
application is set to Input Passthrough.
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Using The AJA Control Panel
Io HD LED Display—this pulldown menu configures what the front panel display
on the Io HD will display. The default is to show Primary and Secondary formats
as currently selected. Alternately, you can select to show the Primary format on
the top line of the display and the currently configured timecode on the second
line. If in an input mode, this will display the timecode at input. If set for play
out, then the timecode display is what is output. If you see a semi-colon in the
timecode display, then it means the timecode is drop-frame. If all colons, then it’s
non-drop frame.
1
P 1080i29.97
SDI
VITC1 01:00:07;02
Front Panel Display
Info Tab Screen
Primary video format and source
Timecode display
(; = drop frame := non-drop frame)
This Tabbed screen shows the Io HD software files that have been installed on your
system. This information may be needed if you talk to an AJA Customer Service
representative to determine if files are missing or need updating.
AJA Control Panel, Info Tab
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Saving Your
Control Panel
Presets
After configuring the AJA Control Panel via the Tabbed screens, you can then save
all your settings as a snapshot for later recall—called a preset. In this way, you can
organize the presets for all your typical tasks, saving time by not having to manually
reconfigure each time. To save a preset, simply go to “File -> Save Preset...”. Be sure
to give the preset a meaningful name. Thereafter the preset will be available under
the Control Panel “Presets” menu.
Who is Controlling
Io HD?
If you are consistent in the workflows and formats you use between applications,
you generally won't be surprised by how your system operates. Io HD is very
flexible and most applications perform the necessary housekeeping so they work
correctly when they're active and when they're not. However, since several
applications using Io HD can be running at once, with one active, it can create
confusion when settings are different in each and you switch back and forth. To
prevent confusion, we recommend you run the Io HD Control Application and
have it visible somewhere on your Macintosh desktop.
It will tell you, even when it's not the “active” application, who has control of Io
HD and what the current format selections are. For further understanding, read on
and we’ll give you some further background on Io HD control. The main issue
you’ll generally want to know, is what application has control of Io HD’s Primary
Format at the current moment.
Who Has
Priority?
Masters
That Can
Control Io HD
1st Priority
Final Cut Pro
1st Priority
Other “QuickTime Application”
2nd Priority
Io HD Control Panel Application
Control of Io HD
and
Primary Format
Selection
..
..
P 1080i29.97
S 525i29.97
SDI
AES
When you click in an application window, the “Master” controlling Io HD
changes, possibly changing the Format Selections in effect.
This happens because each application has it’s own sets of control parameters
TIP: If you keep the Io HD Control Panel window in view,
it displays the application that is in control and
what the Primary and Secondary Format Selections are at all times.
Io HD Control Priorities
The AJA Control Panel is one of several masters contending for control—and it’s
the lowest priority. The other masters are any currently running QuickTime
applications (e.g. Apple Final Cut Pro, AJA TV, Apple Motion, Adobe After Effects,
etc.) using the Io HD. The priority of these three “masters” is:
1. QuickTime Application
2. AJA Control Panel
By “Master”, we mean a process that can control and change what the Io HD is
doing and the Primary and Secondary formats that it uses (as set in the Control
Panel “Formats” tab screen).
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Using The AJA Control Panel
QuickTime Application—1st Priority
If a running QuickTime application uses Io HD for capture or output, it controls the
Primary format via its own menus and settings. For example, when Final Cut Pro is
active (it’s the topmost application) and has Io HD as its “A/V Device”, then the Io
HD's Primary format is determined by Final Cut's “Video Playback” submenu (under
the “View” menu) or in its “Audio/Video Settings...” dialog under A/V Devices.
When a QuickTime application is in control of the Io HD—versus one of the other
masters—it will be indicated by a label in both the AJA Control Panel's Formats and
Control tabs. The AJA Control Panel’s Primary Format menu will also indicate that it
is not active while the QuickTime application is running—it will be grayed-out.
What can be confusing is that QuickTime applications can start and1stop and change
modes—even while they are running! And the behavior of different QuickTime
applications can vary: some applications take control of the Io HD as soon as they are
launched and don't give it up until they quit, while other applications take control of
the Io HD only when they are the “front-most” running application and then
relinquish control when they’re not. Final Cut Pro is one of the latter type QuickTime
applications. This difference in behavior can surprise you when you click in and out of
multiple QuickTime application windows.
To illustrate such possible confusion, consider this multiple application scenario:
1. Open Final Cut Pro, select Io HD as the A/V device. FCP takes control of the
Io HD and tells it what Primary format to use. If one of the FCP windows
covers up the AJA Control Panel application (which typically happens), you
won't be able to see the “Io HD is in use by Final Cut Pro” message displayed in
the Control Panel, or be able to tell which format FCP has selected. (This is
why we recommend you arrange your display so you can see the Control Panel
at all times.)
2. Next, you want to see what the Io HD is doing, so you find the Control Panel
application by clicking around on the desktop, eventually clicking on the
Control Panel to make it visible. As soon as FCP realizes it is now running in
the background, it gives up control of the Io HD board. The Control Panel
application takes away the “...Final Cut Pro” message.
3. With the Control Panel the topmost application—and in control of the
board—you now switch to a different Primary format.
4. However, when you click back on Final Cut Pro and bring it back to continue
your project, it becomes the master again and resets the board's Primary format
to the one determined by Final Cut’s A/V Settings dialog. To further the
surprise, if FCP's windows are covering the AJA Control Panel window, the
change will be hidden and you won’t know why the board isn't doing what you
told it earlier via the Control Panel.
The moral of the story: keep the Control Panel visible so you can learn what various
QuickTime applications are doing when they control Io HD—and then you can step
in and change the application’s settings and Control Panel settings as desired to get the
configuration you expect.
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AJA Control Panel—2nd Priority
If a QuickTime application is not running then the AJA Control Panel gets control
of the board.
Control Recommendations
To avoid surprises, run the AJA Control Panel, keep it visible on the desktop—and
stay consistent in your settings within the various QuickTime applications while
working on a project. Having the Control Panel running and visible helps because
you can always check and see what the Io HD is doing and who has control of it—
even when the Control Panel is running in the background.
Using Multiple AJA Products
Starting with the v7.5 drivers for KONA and Io HD, more than one AJA product
can be used with your host computer. Using the AJA Control Panel application, you
can choose which installed product an application uses for input/output. In the
upper left corner of the AJA Control Panel application, you will see an AJA product
name, such as Io HD - 0 or Kona 3-0, if you have more than one product and the
associated drivers installed (if only one product is installed, you’ll see no product or
pulldown). To "target" a specific installed product for use, click on the text in the
upper left hand side of the UI and select from the list of available products that
appear in the pulldown.
When you launch an application such as Final Cut Pro, or AJA TV, that application
will use the product that is currently selected in the AJA Control Panel application
for its input/output. Once an application is running, you can change the "targeted"
product selection in the AJA Control Panel and select a different product. The
running application will retain its connection to the product. If you change the
"targeted" product and launch a different application, that application will use the
new product for its input/ output, while the first application you launched will
continue to use the other AJA product.
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Easy Setups for Typical Uses
Example: select an Io HD as the targeted product in the AJA Control Panel
application. Launch Final Cut Pro. Final Cut Pro is now using the Io HD for its
input/output. Go back to the AJA Control Panel application and select a KONA
LHi as the "targeted" product. Launch the AJA TV application. AJA TV would
now use the LHi for its output. If you switch back to Final Cut Pro, you would
note that it is still uses the Io HD for its input/output. Note that some
applications, like AJA TV, have a provision for playing in the background, so
playback on one product could even continue when switching the targeted device
for use with another application. You can even feed the output from one AJA
product to another AJA product on the same system in such cases.
1
AJA TV Preferences, Continue Playback when AJA TV is in background
AJA TV optionally supports playback in the background; checkbox “Continue
Playback when AJA TV is in background.
Notes on using
multiple AJA
Products:
Performance of multi-product use depends on a variety of factors: CPU usage, RAM,
disk IOPS/bandwidth for streams of video, etc. and therefore performance may vary.
Also be aware that multiple input/output streams are only supported by software that
is explicitly designed for a multi-product environment. Also note that due to
limitations of FireWire bandwidth, only one Io HD product may be used at a time on
a host computer.
Easy Setups for Typical Uses
Final Cut Pro and Io HD together make working with multiple formats an easy
proposition. Inside of Final Cut Pro, equipment and setting presets are available in
groups called Easy Setups, from which you can choose typical system configurations.
A large set of Easy Setups are supplied with Io HD and installed along with the Io HD
software. These canned choices can be used directly or as the basis for making your
own customized Easy Setups unique to your system. By duplicating an Easy Setup and
then making changes to it, you simplify the process of configuring and re-configuring
when working with new formats.
Although this manual assumes you’re familiar with Final Cut Pro and have read its
documentation, let’s review Easy Setups and how to use them effectively with Io HD.
At the simplest level, Final Cut lets you choose and edit presets for capturing media,
device control, and for project sequences. These presets are defined in the Audio/Video
Settings menu. Just like Easy Setups, there are factory defined choices, plus you can
create and make your own. When you have a set of presets you want to use again, you
can store them as an “Easy Setup.”
On the following pages we’ll further review the Easy Setups menu and Audio/Video
Settings Menu.
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Easy Setups Menu
Both the Easy Setups menu item and the Audio/Video Settings menu item are
located under the main Final Cut Pro menu.
Click on the Easy Setups menu item and Final Cut Pro will present the Easy Setup
dialog window:
Easy Setup Dialog
In the Easy Setup dialog, the Format, Rate and the currently selected Easy Setup in
the Use pulldown is shown. This selection can be changed by clicking on the
pulldown arrow at the right. Doing so results in a list of the factory Easy Setups
available for the format you’ve selected at top. If you do not see all of the Easy
Setups you are expecting, factory and user-defined, then ensure that the Format and
Rate selections are not set specifically, but to “all”. Conversely, if you only want to
see one format, such as HD, and one frame rate, say 29.97fps, then make these
selections in the two pulldowns and the list of Easy Setups for the Use pulldown will
be limited to these parameters. To choose a new Easy Setup from the list, click on
the pulldown menu and select a desired choice. The choice won’t take effect until
you click the Setup button, but you will be able to see the description for the choice
just by selecting it (without clicking the Setup button).
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Easy Setups for Typical Uses
Easy Setups For Use With Io HD
The factory default Easy Setups currently shipped with Io HD are shown below and
may not be inclusive. AJA attempts to add to this list regularly when new formats
which Io HD may playback become available. In addition to this, there are additional
easy setups available on your Io HD Software CD and on the AJA website. Your list
may differ as AJA is continually improving and adding functionality.
1
AJA Easy Setups
List of Easy Setups menu list
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Note: The AJA Io HD was specifically designed to work with the Apple ProRes 422
and ProRes 422 HQ codecs via its internal hardware. Other HD codecs can
only be used with the AJA Io HD via software encoding/decoding. The AJA Io
HD can be used to capture to DVCProHD compression when used in
combination with the MacPro series of Apple desktop computers; these
computers provide sufficient processing power to software encode to
DVCProHD compression in realtime. MacBook Pro computers with attached
SATA or FW800 drives and 2GB of memory are also able to capture and
playback DVCProHD material in 1080 and 720 formats. The amount of
Dynamic RT available on these laptop computers will not be as much as on a
MacPro desktop system. Uncompressed 10-bit 4:2:2 and Uncompressed 8-bit
4:2:2 QuickTime playback is only supported when using MacPro desktop
computers along with the AJA Io HD. An adequate disk array for
uncompressed HD playback is also required.
Audio/Video
Settings Menu
The Audio/Video Settings menu in Final Cut Pro contains a series of tabbed
windows where you define the presets in specific categories such as A/V devices or in
what format media is captured. When you open the Audio/Video Settings window,
it shows a summary of the currently selected Easy Setup.
Other tabbed windows are available with greater details about each category. On the
initial summary window you can see the selected presets for the Easy Setup as well as
change specific presets.
The presets you can change on the Summary window are:
Sequence Preset—select one of these as the editing timebase for new sequences. If
you make a change to Sequence Presets, the change will only take effect on any
new sequences you create—currently active sequences will not see the change.
Capture Preset—select one of these to set the incoming source format you’ll be
capturing. Ideally select the maximum quality format you’ll be using for most of
the material so there will be no need to re-render later as clips are added from
the bin to the sequence.
Device Control Preset—select the AJA Video Io HD device (NTSC or PAL as
desired). This tells Final Cut that the Io HD will control the VTR attached to
Io HD.
A/V Devices (Audio and Video Playback)—select the Io HD as video and audio
playback devices for Final Cut and the format to be output.
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Easy Setups for Typical Uses
1
Audio/Video Settings, Summary Window
To Create A New Easy Setup
If you have a group of presets that you’d like to use continually, then you can create a
new Easy Setup by modifying the settings of Easy Setup currently selected (pick one
most like the one you want to create) and then saving it under a new name:
1. Change the currently selected Easy Setup by making changes at the Summary
tabbed window via the pulldown menus.
2. When everything is set as desired, click on the Create Easy Setup button at the
bottom of the Summary window.
3. A new dialog will pop up. Enter a descriptive name for the new Easy Setup (i.e.,
10-bit SDI from Video Server) in the Name field.
4. Enter a sentence or two describing what is unique about the Easy Setup in the
Description field.
5. Click the Create button to store the new Easy Setup.
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Audio/Video Settings, Creating a New Easy Setup
At any point in the above procedure you can go to the other tabbed windows and
make additional changes. For example, in the Sequence Presets, Capture Presets,
and Device Control Presets windows you can select a preset and click on an Edit
button to change specific aspects of the preset. As an example, under Device Control
Preset you might wish to change the Time Source on your VTR from LTC to VITC,
or change the pre-roll and post-roll values. When you save a Setup, it defaults to
saving in the Final Cut Pro Custom Setups folder.
Each of the tabbed preset screens are described on the following pages for your
convenience. For more information, please read the Final Cut Pro user
documentation.
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Easy Setups for Typical Uses
The Sequence Presets Window
1
Audio/Video Settings, Sequence Presets Window
This window allows you to select an editing timebase for the current sequence. Once
you add a clip to the sequence this cannot be changed. By clicking in the leftmost
column (see the checkmark in the sample screen above), you select a new Sequence
Preset for use. The checkmark tells which Preset is in use—highlighting a choice alone
does not select it.
If you select an editing timebase you can then edit it (click the Edit button) or copy
and rename it as another (click Duplicate). When editing a timebase you can change
the following:
• Select video processing properties (how to render)
• Frame size and aspect ratio
• Pixel aspect ratio
• Field dominance (none, upper, or lower)
• Editing timebase
• Set QuickTime video codec settings (quality and type)
• Select audio sample rate
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The Capture Presets Window
Audio/Video Settings, Capture Presets Window
This window lets you choose a preset format for incoming source video and audio
media you’ll be capturing. Select the maximum quality format you’ll be using for
most of the material so there will be no need to re-render later. The information on
the right window pane describes the preset and all it’s parameters. If you select a
format by making a checkmark in the left column, you can edit it (click the Edit
button) or copy and rename it as another (click Duplicate). The only exceptions to
this are those presets marked with a lock icon; those can be duplicated, but when
you try to edit one the system reports they’re locked and can only be copied (it will
create the copy for you when you try to edit).
Factory AJA presets are easily identified by “AJA” at the beginning of their name.
Since Capture Presets will be used frequently as you bring media into Io HD, we’ll
discuss the edit screen next.
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Easy Setups for Typical Uses
Capture Presets Editing
1
Audio/Video Settings, Capture Presets Editing Window
Note: Whenever a Preset is being copied as the basis of a new preset, always change
the name and description to fit the new preset so users aren’t confused between it and
the original.
Frame Size—below the name and description are the frame size settings. These can be
changed via the pulldown menu. Selecting a new Aspect Ratio value also changes
the values in the width and height fields.
QuickTime Video Settings—these settings select a video input source and affect how
it's processed by Final Cut Pro. The Digitizer pull-down menu selects whether
you want the selected input source to be digitized as 8-bit or 10-bit uncompressed
video as it comes into Io HD. The Input pull-down selects the primary format Io
HD will use to capture input video. The Compressor pull-down selects a codec
that tells Final Cut how to process the video; the codec selected should be chosen
for compatibility with the Digitizer setting selected. For example, if your Digitizer
setting is 10-bit Uncompressed, then the Compressor setting should be one of the
10-bit choices available. The Quality slider should be set to 100 percent when
capturing uncompressed; for other formats use an appropriate quality level. Set
the FPS (Frames Per Second) setting to the correct frame rate. The Advanced
settings button opens a new screen providing choices of codec-specific options.
For uncompressed codecs these probably are not unneeded; for other codecs
choose the options desired.
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QuickTime Audio Settings—these settings select an audio input source and affect
how it's processed by Final Cut Pro. The Device pull-down should be set to Io
HD. The Input pull-down selects that Io HD will be used for capturing audioit does not select the specific inputs. For specific audio input selection use the
AJA Control Panel application. The Rate pull-down selects a sample rate; it
should always be set to 48 kHz for Io HD. By clicking on the Advanced button,
a new screen will be displayed where you can select between 8- and 16-bit
sampling-AJA recommends 16-bit for optimum sound quality. (This has
nothing to do with input format, as Io HD supports 24-bit embedded HD
audio, 20-bit SD embedded audio, and 24-bit AES audio.)
The Device Control Presets Window
Audio/Video Settings, Device Control Presets Window
This window selects machine control parameters for an attached VTR. Your choice
here tells Final Cut that Io HD is handling the machine control parameters for the
VTR attached to Io HD. The information on the right window pane describes the
current machine control settings and parameters for the VTR attached. For Io HD
presets this means the VTR attached at the RS422 port on Io HD. For non-Io HD
presets, this means camcorder/VTRs attached directly at the FireWire port or via
some other interface.
If you select a preset you can edit it (click the Edit button) or copy and rename it as
another (click Duplicate). The only exceptions to this are those presets marked with
a lock icon; those can be duplicated, but when you try to edit one the system reports
they’re locked and can only be copied (it will create the copy for you when you try
to edit).
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Easy Setups for Typical Uses
When editing a Device Control preset you can change the following:
• Name and description of Device Control preset
• Protocol for capture/playback VTR (for Io HD this will be RS422)
• Audio Mapping
• Time Source (LTC/VITC/both/etc.)
• Port
• Frame Rate
• Default Timecode (Drop Frame etc.)
• Capture/Playback Offsets (to correct for VTR versus Final Cut timing issues)
• Handles/Pre-roll/Post-roll
• Auto Record and PTV
1
Io HD ships with VTR Device Control Presets for Sony and Panasonic VTRs. Select a
Device Control Preset for the desired frame rate. Presets for both Sony and Panasonic
VTRs are provided with these frame rates: 23.98, 24, 25, 29.97, and 59.94.
The A/V Devices Window
Audio/Video Settings, A/V Devices Window
The A/V Devices window selects the current playback device for both audio and
video. Typically, you’ll select Io HD for both playback devices. The format chosen
determines the Primary format for the Io HD board during playback.
The Video Options button is greyed out for Io HD (use the AJA Control Panel for
video configuration; the Options button opens a second dialog where Final Cut gives
options for changing bit depth, number of channels, and the sample rate.
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You may wish to use a different Io HD output for final Print-to-tape from Final
Cut. You can select that in this window by clicking the checkbox “Different Output
for Edit to Tape/Print to Video.” This allows you to select via a pull-down menu any
Io HD video output and audio output.
The window also allows you to turn on and off device and audio output warnings.
Checking the System with a Simple Test Project of Bars and Tone
To test that you’ve installed the Io HD drivers and have audio and video monitoring
correctly configured, try creating a simple Final Cut Pro project with bars and tone.
1. Select an Easy Setup as previously discussed (go to the Final Cut Pro menu
and select Easy Setup; then select a desired preset).
2. Select New Project from the File menu.
Create a New Project
3. The Sequence window will be at the bottom of the screen and a Browser
window will be at the top left. Look at the Browser window and locate the
“Effects” tab at the top right. Click on it.
4. Locate the Viewer window in Final Cut Pro and click on the generators menu
button (it’s a “filmstrip” icon with an “A” on it). Select “Bars and Tone
NTSC” or the appropriate Bars and Tone for your format and frame rate. The
viewer window will display bars after you do this.
5. Click the mouse cursor on the Bars and Tone in the Viewer window and drag
it to the beginning of the sequence window. You’ll see the bars and tone show
up on the sequence where it can then be played.
6. Go to the beginning of the sequence by clicking on the left-most icon and
then click the “Play” icon. You should see and hear the bars and tone on your
video monitor and audio monitoring system.
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Checking the System with a Simple
If you don’t see bars on the external video monitor and hear tone, check your
connections and ensure Io HD is selected in the Easy Setups and Audio/Video
Settings as necessary.
Click Filmstrip Button in Viewer Window
...Then select “Bars and Tone”
Finally, click in the viewer window and
drag the “bars” to the Sequence window.
1
Click and Drag Bars and Tone From Viewer Window to Sequence
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Bars and Tone
In Sequence
Window
Click “Play” to
Test the
System
Sequence Window Showing Bars and Tone Clip Dragged from Viewer
If everything works properly, go ahead and try capturing audio and video media
from your VTR.
Chapter 6:
Troubleshooting
If You Run Into Problems
One useful way to find the source of problems is to isolate your system to the smallest
size where the problem still occurs and then note all the symptoms. This serves to
eliminate areas not involved in the problem and make finding the problem easier.
Once you’ve noted problem symptoms, look through the following table and see if any
of the symptoms are listed. If so, check the items listed. If you later need to call for
customer service, let them know all of the things you’ve tried and when and how the
symptoms appeared.
Table 6-1. Problem Solving by Matching Symptoms to Remedies
Symptom
Check
Disk RAID cannot keep up (dropped
frames etc.).
Ensure the disk system is providing at least 50 MB/
second sustained transfer rate
Dropped frames during playback.
1. Canvas/Viewer zoom setting exceeds the fit-towindow setting. Change to “Fit-to-Window.”
2. RAID cannot sustain the data rate of the clip/
sequence.
3. The sequence setting does not match the
“playback output setting” found at FCP Audio/Video
Settings -> AV Output.
4. Virus checking software running in the background
(disable it).
5. Scratch drive not set to the RAID.
Dropped frames during record.
1. RAID cannot sustain the data rate of the capture
preset codec.
2. Virus checking software running in the background
(disable it).
3. Scratch drive not set to the RAID.
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Table 6-1. Problem Solving by Matching Symptoms to Remedies
Symptom
Check
Final Cut doesn’t “see” Io HD.
Check that Io HD chassis is powered up. Check that
Io HD Power LED (PWR) is illuminated and that Io HD
FireWire LED is illuminated (shows Io HD is
communicating with host Mac).
Media is not being captured from
desired external device.
Check equipment cables; outputs from external
device must be properly plugged into Io HD’s inputs
(ensure proper format and type) and check Io HD
front panel LEDs and Alphanumeric display. The
VIDEO LED will light to show an input is selected.
Look at the alphanumeric display and check that it is
correctly showing what you were expecting as the
input. Check the settings in the Input tab of the Io HD
Control Panel application.
Changes made to Final Cut’s
configuration aren’t remembered or you
need to force a change to them.
Under some circumstances, Final Cut Pro may need
to be initialized back to the factory default state as it
was when you installed it. The easiest way to do this
is to locate Final Cut’s preference files and discard
them.
To do so, follow this procedure:
1. Locate the file named “Final Cut Pro Preferences”.
Note: path to file is “Macintosh HD/users/username/
library/preferences/final cut user data.”
3. Click and drag that file to the Trash Can icon and
drop it there.
When you next start up Final Cut Pro, it will present
the “Choose Setup” prompt (as in initial installation)
where you can again choose a desired Io HD input
format in the “Setup For” pulldown and re-enter a
desired system scratch disk (your RAID).
Video in the canvas stays frozen during
playback.
1. The sequence setting does not match the
“playback output setting” found at FCP Audio Video
Settings -> AV Output.
2. Canvas/Viewer zoom setting exceeds the fit-towindow setting. Change to “Fit-to-Window.”
Video output is black.
1. External video is set to “No Frames” (View ->
External Video).
2. The “Playback output setting” found at FCP Audio
Video Settings -> AV Output is set to “none” or to a
non-Io HD device.
Video stutter during playback.
RAID cannot sustain data rate.
Red render bar occurs when placing a
clip on a sequence.
The sequence setting does not match the clip setting.
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Updating Software
Updating Software
Check on the AJA Video website (http://www.aja.com/support/io/io-hd.php)
for software updates. If any are available, download the file and read any
associated instructions prior to installing the software.
Support
When calling for support, first check over your system configuration and ensure
everything is connected properly and that current Final Cut presets and Easy
Setups match what you are trying to do. Even if you cannot find the cause of the
problem, having this information at hand will help when you call
1 Apple or AJA
Customer Support for help.
If the problem is unknown or you need general help, first contact the dealer
where you purchased the product. AJA dealers offer product support for many
service requirements.
If the problem is a Final Cut Pro operational issue, Mac system issue, or Xserve
RAID issue, then call Apple Customer Support for help.
If the problem is an AJA Video Io HD issue, then contact AJA Video Customer
Support using one of the methods listed below:
Contacting by Mail Address:
180 Litton Drive, Grass Valley, CA. 95945 USA
Telephone: +1.800.251.4224 or +1.530.274.2048
Fax: +1.530.274.9442
Web: http://www.aja.com
Support Email: [email protected]
Apple Resources
Apple provides a large amount of support information online at their support
website. Information provided includes answers to top questions, discussions on
specific topics, and software downloads for updates and utilities.
You may also enroll in AppleCare for extended support of hardware and
software products. Information is provided on the Apple Support website on
how to enroll in AppleCare.
General Apple Support Website for information on all products:
http://www.apple.com/support/
Mac Support Area: http://www.apple.com/support/macpro/
or: http://www.apple.com/support/powermac/
Xserve Support Area: http://www.apple.com/support/xserve/index.html
Final Cut Pro Web Support:
http://www.apple.com/support/finalcutpro/index.html
79
80
Appendix A:
Specifications
Video Input
Digital:
SD and HD-SDI, SMPTE-259/292/296 (2 inputs)
HDMI
Analog:
Composite/S-Video (Y/C): NTSC, NTSCJ, PAL
12 bit A/D, 2x oversampling
3 line adaptive comb filter decoding
SD Component:
SMPTE/EBU N10, Betacam 525 line, Betacam 525J, RGB
12 bit A/D, 2x oversampling
HD Component:
YPbPr
12-bit A/D
Video Output (all active simultaneously)
Digital:
SD and HD-SDI, SMPTE-259/292/296 (2 outputs)
HDMI
Analog:
Composite/S Video (Y/C): NTSC, NTSCJ, PAL
12 bit D/A, 8x oversampling
SD Component:
SMPTE/EBU N10, Betacam 525 line, Betacam 525J, RGB
12 bit D/A, 8x oversampling
HD Component:
YPbPr, RGB
12-bit D/A, 2x oversampling
Audio Input
Digital:
24-bit SDI embedded audio, 8 channel, 48kHz
24-bit AES audio, 8 channel, 48kHz
HDMI embedded, 8 channel
Analog:
24-bit A/D, 4 channel balanced XLR, 48kHz
+15/18/24 dbu Full Scale Digital
A1
1
A-2
Audio Output
Digital:
24-bit SDI embedded audio, 8 channel, 48kHz
24-bit AES audio, 8 channel, 48kHz
HDMI embedded, 8 channel
Analog:
24-bit D/A, 4 channel balanced XLR, 48kHz
+15/18/24 dbu Full Scale Digital
2 channel unbalanced RCA (for monitoring)
Timecode
LTC timecode input and output via BNC
Reference Input
Analog Color Black, Composite Sync, or Tri-level Sync Terminated Input, buffered output
Machine Control
RS-422, 9 pin protocol
FireWire
IEEE-1394b, FireWire™ 800Mb/s
Apple ProRes 422 Support
Apple ProRes 422, ProRes 422 HQ, ProRes 422 LT and ProRes 422 Proxy support integrated
into hardware
Hardware Up-conversion, 10-bit
Anamorphic: full-screen
Pillar box 4:3: results in a 4:3 image in center of screen with black sidebars
Zoom 14:9: results in a 4:3 image zoomed slightly to fill a 14:9 image with black side bars
Zoom Letterbox: image zoomed to fill screen
Zoom Wide: combination of zoom and horizontal stretch to fill 16:9 screen; this setting can
introduce a small aspect ratio change
Hardware Down-conversion, 10-bit
Anamorphic: full-screen
Letterbox: image is reduced with black top and bottom added to image area with the
aspect ratio preserved
Crop: image is cropped to fit new screen size
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Hardware Cross-conversion, 10-bit
Hardware Cross-conversion, 10-bit
Hardware 10-bit
1080i to 720P
720P to 1080i
720P to 1080PsF
SD to SD Aspect Ratio Conversion
Letterbox: transforms SD anamorphic to a letterboxed image.
H Crop: produces a horizontally stretched effect on the image; transforms anamorphic SD
to full frame.
SD Pillarbox: produces image in screen center with black borders on left and right sides
and an anamorphized image in the center.
1
V Crop; transforms SD letterbox material to an anamorphic image.
Physical
Width: 8.2” (208.3 mm)
Depth: 12“(304.8 mm)
Height: 4.8” with rubber feet (121.9 mm)
Power
100-240VAC, 50/60Hz, 35 Watts
A-3
A-4
Appendix B: Safety & Compliance
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Compliance Notices
Class A
Interference
Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital
device, pursuant to Part 15, Subpart B of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a commericial installation. This
equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and
used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause
harmful interference in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his
own expense. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television
reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is
encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
FCC Caution
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept
any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
Canadian ICES Statement
Canadian Department of Communications Radio Interference Regulations
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class A limits for radio-noise emissions from a
digital apparatus as set out in the Radio Interference Regulations of the Canadian Department
of Communications. This Class A digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Règlement sur le brouillage radioélectrique du ministère des Communications
Cet appareil numérique respecte les limites de bruits radioélectriques visant les appareils
numériques de classe A prescrites dans le Règlement sur le brouillage radioélectrique du
ministère des Communications du Canada. Cet appareil numérique de la Classe A est
conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.
B1
1
B-2
European Union and European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
Regulatory Compliance
This equipment may be operated in the countries that comprise the member countries of
the European Union and the European Free Trade Association. These countries, listed in the
following paragraph, are referred to as The European Community throughout this
document:
AUSTRIA, BELGIUM, BULGARIA, CYPRUS, CZECH REPUBLIC, DENMARK, ESTONIA, FINLAND,
FRANCE, GERMANY, GREECE, HUNGARY, IRELAND, ITALY, LATVIA, LITHUANIA, LUXEMBOURG,
MALTA, NETHERLANDS, POLAND, PORTUGAL, ROMANIA, SLOVAKIA, SLOVENIA, SPAIN,
SWEDEN, UNITED KINGDOM, ICELAND, LICHTENSTEIN, NORWAY, SWITZERLAND
Declaration of
Conformity
Marking by this symbol indicates compliance with the Essential Requirements of the EMC
Directive of the European Union 2004/108/EC.
This equipment meets the following conformance standards:
Safety:
CB- IEC 60065:2001 + A1:2005
NRTL - UL 60065:2003 R11.06, CSA C22.2 NO. 60065:2003 + A1:06
GS - EN 60065:2002 + A1
Additional licenses issued for specific countries available on request.
Emissions:
EN 55103-1: 1996
EN61000-3-2:2006, EN61000-3-3:1995 +A1:2001 +A2:2005
Immunity:
EN 55103-2: 1996
EN61000-4-2:1995 + A1:1999 + A2:2001, EN61000-4-3:2006, EN61000-4-4:2004,
EN 61000-4-5: 2005, EN 610004-6:2007, EN61000-4-11:2004
The product is also licensed for additional country specific standards as required for
the International Marketplace.
Warning!
This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment, this product may
cause radio interference, in which case, the user may be required to take
appropriate measures.
Achtung! Dieses ist ein Gerät der Funkstörgrenzwertklasse A. In Wohnbereichen
können bei Betrieb dieses Gerätes Rundfunkstörungen auftreten, in welchen Fällen der
Benutzer für entsprechende Gegenmaßnahmen verantwortlich ist.
Attention! Ceci est un produit de Classe A. Dans un environnement domestique, ce
produit risque de créer des interférences radioélectriques, il appartiendra alors à
l’utilisateur de prendre les mesures spécifiques appropriées.
Safety and Compliance — Korea KCC Compliance Statement
Korea KCC Compliance Statement
1
Taiwan Compliance Statement
This is a Class A product based on the standard of the Bureau of Standards, Metrology and
Inspection (BSMI) CNS 13438, Class A.
Japanese Compliance Statement
1. Class A ITE
この装置は、
クラスA 情報技術装置です。
この装置を家庭環境で使用すると電波妨害
を引き起こすことがあります。
この場合には使用者が適切な対策を講ずるよう要求され
ることがあります。VCCI−A
This is a Class A product based on the standard of the VCCI Council (VCCI V-3/2008.04). If this
equipment is used in a domestic environment, radio interference may occur, in which case, the
user may be required to take corrective actions.
Translated caution statements, warning conventions and warning messages
The following caution statements, warning conventions, and warning messages apply to this
product and manual.
Warning Symbol
Hazard Warning
Caution Symbol
B-3
B-4
Before operating your Io HD unit, please read the instructions in this document
Warning!
Read and follow all warning notices and instructions marked on the product or
included in the documentation.
Avertissement ! Lisez et conformez-vous à tous les avis et instructions
d'avertissement indiqués sur le produit ou dans la documentation.
Warnung! Lesen und befolgen Sie die Warnhinweise und Anweisungen, die auf dem Produkt
angebracht oder in der Dokumentation enthalten sind.
¡Advertencia! Lea y siga todas las instrucciones y advertencias marcadas en el producto o
incluidas en la documentación.
Aviso! Leia e siga todos os avisos e instruções assinalados no produto ou incluídos na
documentação.
Avviso! Leggere e seguire tutti gli avvisi e le istruzioni presenti sul prodotto o inclusi nella
documentazione.
Warning!
Do not use this device near water and clean only with a dry cloth.
Avertissement! N'utilisez pas cet appareil près de l'eau et nettoyez-le seulement
avec un tissu sec..
Warnung! Das Gerät nicht in der Nähe von Wasser verwenden und nur mit einem trockenen
Tuch säubern.
¡Advertencia! No utilice este dispositivo cerca del agua y límpielo solamente con un paño
seco.
Aviso! Não utilize este dispositivo perto da água e limpe-o somente com um pano seco.
Avviso! Non utilizzare questo dispositivo vicino all'acqua e pulirlo soltanto con un panno
asciutto.
Warning!
Do not block any ventilation openings. Install in accordance with the
manufacturer's instructions.
Avertissement ! Ne bloquez aucune ouverture de ventilation. Suivez les instructions du
fabricant lors de l'installation.
Warnung! Die Lüftungsöffnungen dürfen nicht blockiert werden. Nur gemäß den
Anweisungen des Herstellers installieren.
¡Advertencia! No bloquee ninguna de las aberturas de la ventilación. Instale de acuerdo con
las instrucciones del fabricante.
Aviso! Não obstrua nenhuma das aberturas de ventilação. Instale de acordo com as
instruções do fabricante.
Avviso! Non ostruire le aperture di ventilazione. Installare in conformità con le istruzioni del
fornitore.
Warning!
Do not install near any heat sources such as radiators, heat registers, stoves, or
other apparatus (including amplifiers) that produce heat.
Avertissement ! N'installez pas l'appareil près d'une source de chaleur telle que des
radiateurs, des bouches d'air de chauffage, des fourneaux ou d'autres appareils
(amplificateurs compris) qui produisent de la chaleur.
Warnung! Nicht in der Nähe von Wärmequellen wie Heizkörpern, Heizregistern, Öfen oder
anderen Wärme erzeugenden Geräten (einschließlich Verstärkern) aufstellen.
Safety and Compliance — Before operating your Io HD unit, please read the
¡Advertencia! No instale cerca de fuentes de calor tales como radiadores, registros de calor,
estufas u otros aparatos (incluidos amplificadores) que generan calor.
Aviso! Não instale perto de nenhuma fonte de calor tal como radiadores, saídas de calor, fogões
ou outros aparelhos (incluindo amplificadores) que produzam calor.
Avviso! Non installare vicino a fonti di calore come termosifoni, diffusori di aria calda, stufe o
altri apparecchi (amplificatori compresi) che emettono calore.
Warning!
Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel. Servicing is required when the
device has been damaged in any way, such as power-supply cord or plug is
damaged, liquid has been spilled or objects have fallen into the device, the device
has been exposed to rain or moisture, does not operate normally, or has been
dropped.
Avertissement ! Référez-vous au personnel de service qualifié pour tout entretien.
L'entretien
1
est exigé quand l'appareil a été endommagé de quelque manière que ce soit, par exemple
lorsque le cordon d'alimentation ou la prise sont endommagés, que du liquide a été versé ou
des objets sont tombés dans l'appareil, que l'appareil a été exposé à la pluie ou à l'humidité, ne
fonctionne pas normalement ou est tombé.
Warnung! Das Gerät sollte nur von qualifizierten Fachkräften gewartet werden. Eine Wartung
ist fällig, wenn das Gerät in irgendeiner Weise beschädigt wurde, wie bei beschädigtem
Netzkabel oder Netzstecker, falls Flüssigkeiten oder Objekte in das Gerät gelangen, das Gerät
Regen oder Feuchtigkeit ausgesetzt wurde, nicht ordnungsgemäß funktioniert oder fallen
gelassen wurde.
¡Advertencia! Consulte al personal calificado por cuestiones de reparación. El servicio de
reparación se requiere cuando el dispositivo ha recibido cualquier tipo de daño, por ejemplo
cable o espigas dañadas, se ha derramado líquido o se han caído objetos dentro del dispositivo,
el dispositivo ha sido expuesto a la lluvia o humedad, o no funciona de modo normal, o se ha
caído.
Aviso! Remeta todos os serviços de manutenção para o pessoal de assistência qualificado. A
prestação de serviços de manutenção é exigida quando o dispositivo foi danificado mediante
qualquer forma, como um cabo de alimentação ou ficha que se encontra danificado/a, quando
foi derramado líquido ou caíram objectos sobre o dispositivo, quando o dispositivo foi exposto
à chuva ou à humidade, quando não funciona normalmente ou quando foi deixado cair.
Avviso! Fare riferimento al personale qualificato per tutti gli interventi di assistenza.
L'assistenza è necessaria quando il dispositivo è stato danneggiato in qualche modo, ad
esempio se il cavo di alimentazione o la spina sono danneggiati, è stato rovesciato del liquido è
stato rovesciato o qualche oggetto è caduto nel dispositivo, il dispositivo è stato esposto a
pioggia o umidità, non funziona correttamente o è caduto.
Caution!
This device is a Class A product. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is
likely to cause harmful interference, in which case users will be required to take
whatever measures may be necessary to correct the interference at their own
expense.
Attention! Le périphérique est un produit de Classe A. Le fonctionnement de cet équipement
dans une zone résidentielle risque de causer des interférences nuisibles, auquel cas l'utilisateur
devra y remédier à ses propres frais.
Achtung! Dies ist ein Gerät der Klasse A. Bei Einsatz des Geräts in Wohngebieten kann es
Störungen des Radio- und Fernsehempfangs verursachen. In diesem Fall muss der Benutzer alle
notwendigen Maßnahmen ergreifen, die möglicherweise nötig sind, um die Störungen auf
eigene Rechnung zu beheben.
¡Precaución! Este es un producto clase A. El uso de este equipo en áreas residenciales puede
causar interferencias nocivas, en cuyo caso, se requerirá que los usuarios tomen cualquier
medida necesaria para corregir la interferencia por cuenta propia.
Cuidado! Este dispositivo é um produto Classe A. Operar este equipamento em uma área
residencial provavelmente causará interferência prejudicial; neste caso, espera-se que os
usuários tomem as medidas necessárias para corrigir a interferência por sua própria conta.
B-5
B-6
Attenzione! Questo dispositivo è un prodotto di Classe A. Il funzionamento di questo
apparecchio in aree residenziali potrebbe causare interferenze dannose, nel cui caso agli
utenti verrà richiesto di adottare tutte le misure necessarie per porre rimedio alle interferenze
a proprie spese.
Warning!
Disconnect the external AC power supply line cord(s) from the mains power
before moving the unit.
Avertissement ! Retirez le ou les cordons d’alimentation en CA de la source
d’alimentation principale lorsque vous déplacez l’appareil.
Warnung! Trennen Sie die Wechselstrom-Versorgungskabel vom Netzstrom, bevor Sie das
Gerät verschieben.
¡Advertencia! Cuando mueva la unidad desenchufe de la red eléctrica el/los cable(s) de la
fuente de alimentación CA tipo brick.
Advertência! Remova os cabos CA de alimentação brick da rede elétrica ao mover a unidade.
Avvertenza! Scollegare il cavo dell’alimentatore quando si sposta l’unità.
Hazard Warning!
High Voltage. This situation or condition can cause injury due to electric shock.
Avertissement ! Tension élevée. Cette situation ou condition peut causer des
blessures dues à un choc électrique.
Warnung! Hochspannung. Diese Situation oder Bedingung kann zu Verletzungen durch
Stromschlag führen.
¡Advertencia! Alto voltaje . Esta situación o condición puede causar lesiones debidas a una
descarga eléctrica.
Aviso! Alta Tensão . Esta situação ou condição pode causar danos devido a choques elétricos.
Avviso! Alta tensione. Questa situazione o condizione può causare lesioni a causa di scosse
elettriche.
Warning!
Only use attachments and accessories specified and/or sold by the manufacturer.
Avertissement ! Utilisez seulement les attaches et accessoires spécifiés et/ou
vendus par le fabricant.
Warnung! Verwenden Sie nur Zusatzgeräte und Zubehör angegeben und / oder verkauft
wurde durch den Hersteller.
¡Advertencia! Utilice solamente los accesorios y conexiones especificados y/o vendidos por
el fabricante.
Aviso! Utilize apenas equipamentos/acessórios especificados e/ou vendidos pelo fabricante.
Avviso! Utilizzare soltanto i collegamenti e gli accessori specificati e/o venduti dal produttore.
Warning!
Do not defeat the safety purpose of the polarized or grounding-type plug. A
polarized plug has two blades with one wider than the other. A grounding type
plug has two blades and a third grounding prong. The wide blade or the third
prong are provided for your safety. If the provided plug does not fit into your
outlet, consult an electrician for replacement of the obsolete outlet.
Avertissement ! La sécurité de la prise polarisée ou de la prise de type mise à la terre ne doit
en aucun cas être empêchée de fonctionner. Une prise polarisée a deux broches, l'une étant
plus large que l'autre. Une prise de type mise à la terre a deux broches et une troisième broche
pour la mise à la terre. La broche large ou la troisième broche sont fournies pour votre
Safety and Compliance — Before operating your Io HD unit, please read the
sécurité. Si la prise fournie ne s'insère pas dans votre prise femelle, consultez un électricien pour
le remplacement de la prise femelle obsolète.
Warnung! Der Sicherheitszweck des gepolten bzw. Schukosteckers ist zu berücksichtigen. Ein
gepolter Stecker verfügt über zwei Pole, von denen einer breiter als der andere ist. Ein
Schukostecker verfügt neben den zwei Polen noch über einen dritten Pol zur Erdung. Der breite
Pol bzw. der Erdungspol dienen der Sicherheit. Wenn der zur Verfügung gestellte Stecker nicht
in Ihren Anschluss passt, konsultieren Sie einen Elektriker, um den veralteten Anschluss zu
ersetzen.
¡Advertencia! No eche por tierra la finalidad del tipo de enchufe polarizado con conexión a
tierra. Un enchufe polarizado tiene dos espigas, una más ancha que la otra. Un enchufe con
conexión a tierra tiene dos espigas iguales y una tercera espiga que sirve para la conexión a
tierra. La expiga ancha, o la tercera espiga, sirven para su seguridad. Si el enchufe suministrado
no encaja en el tomacorriente, consulte con un electricista para reemplazar el tomacorriente
obsoleto.
1
Aviso! Não anule a finalidade da segurança da ficha polarizada ou do tipo ligação terra. Uma
ficha polarizada tem duas lâminas sendo uma mais larga do que a outra. Uma ficha do tipo de
ligação à terra tem duas lâminas e um terceiro terminal de ligação à terra. A lâmina larga ou o
terceiro terminal são fornecidos para sua segurança. Se a ficha fornecida não couber na sua
tomada, consulte um electricista para a substituição da tomada obsoleta.
Avviso! Non compromettere la sicurezza della spina polarizzata o con messa a terra. Una spina
polarizzata ha due spinotti, di cui uno più largo. Una spina con messa a terra ha due spinotti e un
terzo polo per la messa a terra. Lo spinotto largo o il terzo polo sono forniti per motivi di
sicurezza. Se la spina fornita non si inserisce nella presa di corrente, contattare un elettricista per
la sostituzione della presa obsoleta.
Warning!
Since the Mains plug is used as the disconnection for the device, it must remain
readily accessible and operable.
Avertissement ! Puisque la prise principale est utilisée pour débrancher l'appareil, elle doit
rester aisément accessible et fonctionnelle.
Warnung! Da der Netzstecker als Trennvorrichtung dient, muss er stets zugänglich und
funktionsfähig sein.
¡Advertencia! Puesto que el enchufe de la red eléctrica se utiliza como dispositivo de
desconexión, debe seguir siendo fácilmente accesible y operable.
Aviso! Dado que a ficha principal é utilizada como a desconexão para o dispositivo, esta deve
manter-se prontamente acessível e funcional.
Avviso! Poiché il cavo di alimentazione viene usato come dispositivo di sconnessione, deve
rimane prontamente accessibile e operabile.
Warning!
Protect the power cord from being walked on or pinched particularly at plugs,
convenience receptacles, and the point where they exit from the device.
Avertissement ! Protégez le cordon d'alimentation pour que l'on ne marche pas dessus ou
qu'on le pince, en particulier au niveau des prises mâles, des réceptacles de convenance, et à
l'endroit où il sort de l'appareil.
Warnung! Es muss verhindert werden, auf das Netzanschlusskabel zu treten oder dieses zu
knicken, besonders an den Steckern, den Steckerbuchsen und an dem Punkt, an dem das Kabel
aus dem Gerät heraustritt.
¡Advertencia! Puesto que el enchufe de la red eléctrica se utiliza como dispositivo de
desconexión, debe seguir siendo fácilmente accesible y operable.
Aviso! Proteja o cabo de alimentação de ser pisado ou de ser comprimido particularmente nas
fichas, em tomadas de parede de conveniência e no ponto de onde sai do dispositivo.
B-7
B-8
Avviso! Proteggere il cavo di alimentazione in modo che nessuno ci cammini sopra e che non
venga schiacciato soprattutto in corrispondenza delle spine e del punto in cui esce dal
dispositivo.
Warning!
Unplug this device during lightning storms or when unused for long periods of
time.
Avertissement ! Débranchez cet appareil pendant les orages avec éclairsou s'il est inutilisé
pendant de longues périodes.
Warnung! Das Gerät ist bei Gewitterstürmen oder wenn es über lange Zeiträume ungenutzt
bleibt vom Netz zu trennen.
¡Advertencia! Desenchufe este dispositivo durante tormentas eléctricas o cuando no se lo
utilice por largos periodos del tiempo.
Aviso! Desconecte este dispositivo da tomada durante trovoadas ou quando não é utilizado
durante longos períodos de tempo.
Avviso! Utilizzare soltanto i collegamenti e gli accessori specificati e/o venduti dal produttore,
quali il treppiedi e l'esoscheletro.
Warning!
Do not open the chassis. There are no user-serviceable parts inside. Opening the
chassis will void the warranty unless performed by an AJA service center or
licensed facility.
Avertissement ! Ne pas ouvrir le châssis. Aucun élément à l’intérieur du châssis ne peut être
réparé par l’utilisateur. La garantie sera annulée si le châssis est ouvert par toute autre
personne qu’un technicien d’un centre de service ou d’un établissement agréé AJA.
Warnung! Öffnen Sie das Gehäuse nicht. Keine der Geräteteile können vom Benutzer
gewartet werden. Durch das Öffnen des Gehäuses wird die Garantie hinfällig, es sei denn,
solche Wartungsarbeiten werden in einem AJA-Service-Center oder einem lizenzierten
Betrieb vorgenommen.
¡Advertencia! No abra el chasis. El interior no contiene piezas reparables por el usuario. El
abrir el chasis anulará la garantía a menos que se lo haga en un centro de servicio AJA o en un
local autorizado.
Advertência! Não abra o chassi. Não há internamente nenhuma peça que permita
manutenção pelo usuário. Abrir o chassi anula a garantia, a menos que a abertura seja
realizada por uma central de serviços da AJA ou por um local autorizado.
Avvertenza! Non aprire lo chassis. All’interno non ci sono parti riparabili dall’utente.
L’apertura dello chassis invaliderà la garanzia se non viene effettuata da un centro ufficiale o
autorizzato AJA.
Warning!
Disconnect the external AC power supply line cord(s) from the mains power
before moving the unit.
Avertissement ! Retirez le ou les cordons d’alimentation en CA de la source
d’alimentation principale lorsque vous déplacez l’appareil.
Warnung! Trennen Sie die Wechselstrom-Versorgungskabel vom Netzstrom, bevor Sie das
Gerät verschieben.
¡Advertencia! Cuando mueva la unidad desenchufe de la red eléctrica el/los cable(s) de la
fuente de alimentación CA tipo brick.
Advertência! Remova os cabos CA de alimentação brick da rede elétrica ao mover a unidade.
Avvertenza! Scollegare il cavo dell’alimentatore quando si sposta l’unità.
Safety and Compliance — Before operating your Io HD unit, please read the
Warning!
The Io HD chassis has no user-serviceable parts. An internal fuse protects the
circuitry; however, it can only be replaced by AJA service centers or AJA dealers.
To remove power from the unit, remove the AC line cord to ensure disconnection.
Avertissement ! Les composants du châssis Io HD ne peuvent pas être réparés par l’utilisateur.
Un fusible interne protège les circuits ; toutefois, celui-ci ne peut être remplacé que dans les
centres de service clients AJA ou par un revendeur AJA. Pour supprimer l’alimentation de
l’appareil, débrancher l’appareil en retirant le cordon d’alimentation CA.
Warnung! Das Io-HD-Gehäuse enthält keine Geräteteile, die vom Benutzer gewartet werden
können. Der Schaltkreis wird durch eine interne Sicherung geschützt, die jedoch ausschließlich
vom AJA-Servicecenter oder AJA-Händler ausgetauscht werden kann. Entfernen Sie das ACNetzkabel, um die Stromzufuhr zur Einheit zu trennen.
¡Advertencia! La carcasa del Io HD no contiene piezas reparables por el usuario.
1 El sistema de
circuitos está protegido por un fusible interno; sin embargo, dicho sistema puede ser
reemplazado por centros de servicio AJA y distribuidores AJA. Para cortar la alimentación
eléctrica a la unidad, retire el cable de CA con el propósito de asegurar la desconexión.
Advertência! O gabinete do Io HD não possui peças reparáveis pelo usuário. Um fusível
interno protege os circuitos; No entanto, este fusível só pode ser substituído por um
revendedor ou assistência técnica AJA. Para garantir que a alimentação da unidade seja
removida, desconecte o cabo AC.
Attenzione! Lo chassis Io HD non contiene parti riparabili dall'utente. Un fusibile interno
protegge i circuiti elettrici; tuttavia, può essere sostituito soltanto dai centri assistenza AJA o dai
rivenditori AJA. Per togliere corrente all'apparecchio, scollegare il cavo di alimentazione.
B-9
B-10
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Index
I-1
Index
Symbols
.pkg 25
Numerics
10-bit video 34
16
9 screen 44
24 frames-per-second to 30 conversion 55
24-30 FPS conversion 55
4
3 44
8-bit Versus 10-bit Video 34
A
A/D (input) 15
A/V Devices 64
A/V Devices window 71
AC mains power 11
AC power 9, 30
AC power socket 16
AES/EBU 31
AES/EBU Audio Inputs 16
AES/EBU digital audio 13
airflow 30
AJA Data Rate Calculator 4
AJA DPXtoQTtranslator 4
AJA QTtoDPXtranslator 4
AJA System Test 4
AJA TV 4
Analog 4 Channel Balanced Audio 16
Analog 4 Channel Balanced/Unbalanced Audio 16
analog A/V 32
analog audio output 47
analog balanced audio 14
analog component 52
analog component output 46
analog composite 52
Analog Format 47, 53
Analog Out Screen 46
Analog Out Screen Settings 47
Anamorphic 44
anamorphic SD to full frame SD 45
Apple Support 77
Apple's FireWire technology 33
Appletalk 31
aspect ratio 67
aspect ratio conversion 44
Aspect Ratio value 69
audio 13
Audio Input 41
1
audio input source 70
audio input, pulldown menu 41
audio input/output 30
Audio Mapping 71
Audio Monitor Level 53
Audio, Monitor 53
audio, select between 8- and 16-bit sampling 70
Audio/Video Settings 61, 66
Audio/Video settings 61
Audio/Video Settings Menu 64
Audio/Video Settings, Device Control Presets Window 70
B
Bars and Tone, sample FCP project 72
Black 49
black borders 45
black burst generator 33
Black Level 53, 55
black Level pulldown menu 53
block diagram element 39
Block Diagram Screen 36
BNC Connectors 13
borders, black 45
Box 4
Box Contents 24
Browser window 72
C
cable 9
Cable Connections 8, 30
cable, FireWire 4
Cabling the System 30
capacity 7
Capture Preset 64
Capture Presets Window 68
I-2
CD 4
Chassis 30
Chassis Connections 32
Checking the System 72
Codec Screen Settings 55
codec settings 67
Codec Tab Screen 54
Color Meanings, Control Panel 38
colors, meaning of 38
COMMAND key 50
Component Analog Video Out 31
Component video 14
composite 46
Composite NTSC/PAL video 13
composite output 52
Configuration 25
Connector Descriptions 14
Connectors 12, 13
Contents 24
Control Panel 35
Control Panel Basics 36
Control Panel Presets 58
Control Panel, importance of keeping visible 60
Control Panel, Io HD 35
Control Priorities 59
Control Recommendations 61
Control Screen 48
Control Screen Settings 49
Conversion 3
conversion icon 38
Conversion Icons 38
Conversion Icons, Control Panel 38
Create A New Easy Setup 65
Crop 45
crossconversion 3, 43
customer service 75
D
D/A (output) 15
Data Rate Calculator 8
Data Rate Table 8
DB9 16, 31
Default Io HD Output 48, 49
definitions, control panel 36
Depth 30
Device Control Preset 64
Device Control Presets 70
Device pull-down 70
digital audio inputs 13
Digital Out Screen 45
Digital Out Screen Settings 46
Digital System 30
Digitizer pull-down menu 69
Dimensions 30
disk storage 6
Disk Utility 7
Down (Conversion) 45
downconversion 3, 45
Drop Frame 71
DV (DV25) 19
DV50 19
DVCProHD 20
E
Easy Setup, creating an 65
Easy Setups 61
Easy Setups For Use With Io HD 62
Easy Setups Menu 61
editing timebase 67
embedded audio channel selection 41
F
features 2
Field dominance 67
Final Cut Pro 35
Final Cut Pro and Io HD 35
Final Cut Pro menu 61
FireWire 11, 16, 33
FireWire cable 4
FireWire connector 31, 33
FireWire™ 800 14
Format Screen Settings 42
Formats and Transfer Rates/Storage Table 8
Formats Screen 41
Frame Rate 71
Frame Size 69
Frame size 67
frame size settings 69
Framebuffer 37
Freerun 50
Front Panel 10
Front Panel Status Indicators 2
Full Frame 55
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Index
full-screen 44
G
Genlock 50
Genlock and Your System 29
Genlock/Reference Video 13
Getting Help 77
graphic file, test pattern output 49
H
H Crop 45
hard drives 6
Hardware 2
HDMI 13
HDMI Screen 47
Height 30
Hold Last Application 50
Horizontal reference 50
horizontally stretched 45
house reference 15
house reference sync 30, 32
house sync 33
I
Icons 38
icons 36
Icons, Control Panel 38
IEEE 1394b 14, 16
Indicator Descriptions 10
Info Screen 58
Info Tab 58
Input Pass through 49
Input pull-down 69
Input Screen 40
Input Screen Settings 40
Input/Output 38
Inputs and Outputs 12
Installation Overview 23
Installation Software CD-Rom 4
Installer Screen 26
Installing Io HD Software 24
Io HD control 59
Io HD Control Panel 35
Io HD Software 24
IRE 53
L
LEDs 11
Letterbox 45
letterbox 44
Lock Input Audio Gain To Unity 53
Log On Authenticate Prompt 25
longintudinal timecode 13
LTC 13, 71
M
Machine Control 16
machine control parameters 70
Manual 8
menus, context-sensitive 36
1
Mirroring 6
Mixing and Matching Formats 21
Mode 11
Monitor Audio 47, 53
monitoring, analog outputs 46
motion adaptive de-interlacing 3
mounting methods 30
multi-channel input 41
N
NTSC 15
O
offset, timecode 57
offset, video adjustment (timing) 50
Operating System 5
OS X installer files 25
Output Pulldown Menu 49
Output Timecode Offset value 57
output video black 49
P
packaging 5
PAL 15
panel illustrations 9
Parity 6
pattern, test 49
Pause on 55
PhotoJPEG 19
Pillar box 44
Pillarbox 45
Pixel aspect ratio 67
planning equipment locations and mounting 30
playback device 71
Post-roll 71
Power 11
power cable 16
power connector 14
I-3
I-4
Power cord 4
power switch 11
Pre-roll 71
Present 11
Presets 58
presets 61
Presets, Control Panel 58
Primary 46
Print-to-tape 72
problem symptoms 75
problems, what to do if you encounter 75
progressive frame 43
progressive segmented frame 43
psf 43
Q
QuickTime Audio Settings 70
QuickTime Timecode 57
QuickTime video 67
QuickTime Video Settings 69
R
RAID 6, 7
RAID 50 7
RCA connector pair 53
Rear Panel 12
rear panel 13
Ref 11
Ref In 50
Ref Loop 30, 32, 33
Reference Video 13, 15
Requirements 5
RP-188 55
RP-188 Timecode 56
RS422 16, 70
RS-422 Control Port 14
S
sample rate 67
Save Preset.. 58
SD letterbox material to an anamorphic image 45
SD to SD aspect ratio conversion 45
SDI cables 31
SDI Input and Outputs 14
Secondary 46
Sequence Preset 64
Sequence Preset Window 67
Sequence window 72
Settings 61
Setup 52
Setup Screen 52
Setup Screen Settings 53
Shipping Box Contents 4
sidebars 44
Simple Test Project 72
Single Field 55
SMPTE protocol 16
SMPTE RP 188 57
snapshot, Control Panel settings 58
Software 3
software files that have been installed 58
Software For Striping 7
software installation 25
Software License Agreement 27
Software License Agreement Screen 27
Software on a Mac Xserve 24
software updates 77
Sony 16
Stand Alone Mode 50
Status 11
Status Indicators 11
Storage capacity 7
Storage Requirement Table 8
Storage Requirements 8
Striping data 6
styling 2
support 77
S-Video 13
Symptoms and remedies 75
T
Tabbed Windows 37, 39
Tabs available 39
Tabs available, Control Panel 39
Test Pattern 49
testing the system 72
Time Source 71
timebase 67
Timecode 71
timecode input and output 13
Timecode Offset 57
Timecode Screen 52, 55
Timecode Screen Settings 56
timing adjustment 50
Io HD Installation and Operation Manual — Index
Timing adjustment, Control Panel 52
transforming 44
troubleshooting 75
typical system interconnections 30
Typical Workflows 18
U
unbalanced audio 14
Uncompressed 10-bit 20
Uncompressed 8-bit 19
unpack 4
Unpacking 24
upconversion 44
upconverter 3
user and password 26
User Bits, RP-188 57
Utility, disk 7
V
V Crop 45
Varicam timecode 57
Vertical reference 50
video and audio input/output connections 30
Video Format 42
Video Input 40
video input source 50
video input source selection 69
Video Monitor 31
video path 37, 38
video processing properties 67
VITC 71
VTR 31, 70
VTR Device Control Presets 71
VTR RS-422 Control Port 16
W
weight and size 30
Width 30
Workflow 17
Workflow General Notes 21
X
Xserve RAID 7
Y
Y/C 13
Y/C output 46
YPbPr/RGB Video 13
YUV 14
Z
Zoom 14
9 44
Zoom Letterbox 44
Zoom Wide 44
1
I-5
I-6
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